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Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
November 1968

^ Y a rm o u th
C u m D e rlo h d
F a lm o u th

W estbrook

Bulletin

No. 1 6 2 5 - 2 0




G o rh om

Portland
S

Portland

£ i Cape E liz a b e th
Q rnrhnrniinh

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

r e g io n

III

P H U -A O E I-P H IA

2 ?

ot

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
Government Center
New York, N .Y . 10001
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert S t
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
219 South Dearborn St.
Federal Office Building
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3641 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area




N o v em b er 1 9 6 8

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 -2 0
January 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2040 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

P age
T he B u re au of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of an n ual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
tu re an d le v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s an d in d u stry d iv is io n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d ie d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
T h e seco n d p a rt p r e se n ts in fo r ­
m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i v i d u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .

In tr o d u c t io n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a n d
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________
O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n -------------w
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________________

N in e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b i e n n i a l l y .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , in N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c i t i e s o f
P o r t l a n d , S o u th P o r t l a n d , a n d W e s t b r o o k ; a n d th e to w n s
o f C ap e E liz a b e th , C u m b e rla n d , F a lm o u th , G o r h a m , S c a r ­
b o r o u g h , a n d Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r l a n d C o u n ty . T h i s s tu d y
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in B o s t o n ,
M a s s . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u lk e r n ,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u l a t io n s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r o t h e r
(S e e in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P o r t l a n d a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
b u ild in g t r a d e s .

iii

2

4
5
7
7
8
9
11




Area Wage Survey---The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e la t e d b e n e fits on a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2)
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s tr y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n s a n d E a r n i n g s




p o s s ib ility

of d isc lo su r e

of

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s t u d ie d .

1
In c lu d e d in th e 9 0 a r e a s a re fo u r stu d ie s c o n d u c te d u n d er c o n tr a c t w ith th e N ew Y o rk
D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r.
T h e se a r e a s a re B in g h a m to n (N e w Y o rk p o rtio n o n ly ); R o c h e ste r ( o f f ic e o c c u ­
p a tio n s o n ly ); S y r a c u s e ; a n d U t i c a —R o m e . In a d d it io n , th e B u reau c o n d u c ts m o re l i m it e d a r e a stu d ies
in 91 a r e a s a t th e re q u e s t o f th e W age a n d H o u r a n d P u b lic C o n tra c ts D iv isio n s o f th e U . S . D e ­
p a rtm e n t o f L ab o r.

is

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e
s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w ­
a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r
o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
•of m a n u f a c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ; (3)
m a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t .
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d
a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta

th e re

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l i " a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d i c a t e th e r e l a t i v e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n i n g s d a t a .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u l a t io n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h i s
b u lle t in .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t io n s i s c o l l e c t e d b ie n n i a l l y .
S ta teT h e s e
t a b u l a t io n s o n m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id
h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r .th is a r e a .
1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in P o r t l a n d , M a in e ,
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D iv i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 196 8
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f st u d y

In d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y ^

S tu d ie d
N um ber

S tu d ie d
P ercen t

131

74

2 4 ,3 0 0

100

1 9 ,4 8 0

50

39
92

27
47

12, 000
12, 300

49
51

1 0 ,7 6 0
8 , 720

50
50
50
50
50

17
21
31
13
10

13
8
15
7
4

3 ,3 0 0
1 ,7 0 0
4 , 100
2 , 100
1 ,1 0 0

14
7
17
9
4

2 , 940
800
2, 780
1 ,6 3 0
570

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________
M a n u fa c tu rin g
_ - _
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____
_- —
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o th e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5 ------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ______________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6.
. . __
- F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ______
S e r v i c e s 6 7_

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

1 T h e P o r t l a n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c i t i e s o f
P o r t l a n d , S o u th P o r t l a n d , a n d W e s t b r o o k ; a n d th e to w n s o f C a p e E l i z a b e t h , C u m b e r l a n d , F a lm o u t h , G o r h a m , S c a r b o r o u g h , a n d Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r la n d
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f
th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d it i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e P o r t l a n d a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d
s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______24
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 18
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _________________________ 13
L e a th e r and le a th e r p r o d u c ts
12
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l
9
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts
8
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______ 5

P a p e r m i l l s , e x c e p t b u ild in g
p a p e r ____________________________22
E le c t r o n ic co m p o n en ts and
a c c e s s o r i e s _______________________ 13
F o o t w e a r , e x c e p t r u b b e r _______ 12
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s __________________ 8
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _____________
5
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a c h in e r y ,
e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ______________
5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , a n d
la te s h if ts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each grou p .

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e tw e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h e se e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e n ot in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

L i m i t a t i o n s o f D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e ig h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t ip l ie d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e ig h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u l t ip l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

T h e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e iv a b l e
t h a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h av e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m en ): O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n )— S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
C o n tin u e d
o p e ra to rs, c l a s s B
S e c re ta rie s
E le c t r ic ia n s
C l e ik s , a c c o u n t in g , c la s s e s
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
M a c h in ists
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
A an d B
M e c h a n ic s
C le ik s , f i l e , c la s s e s
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u t o m o tiv e )
A and B
A , B, an d C
P a in te rs
C le r k s , o rd e r
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs,
P ip e fit te r s
c la s s B
C l e ik s , p a y r o ll
T o o l a n d d ie m a k e rs
T y p is ts , c l a s s e s A a n d B
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n c h o p e r a to r s, c la s s e s
U n s k ille d p l a n t (m e n ):
A an d B
In d u str ia l n u rses ( m e n a n d w o m en ):
J a n ito r s , p o rte rs, a n d c le a n e r s
N u rse s, in d u stria l ( r e g is te r e d )
O ffic e b o y s a n d g irls
L a b o re rs, m a t e r ia l h a n d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2. I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s in
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1968 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In d e x e s
( N o v e m b e r 1960 = 100)

P e r c e n ts of in c re a se

N ovem ber
1968

N ovem ber
1967

N ovem ber
1967
to
N ovem ber
1968

1 3 4 .6
1 3 8 .9
1 3 5 .2
1 2 2 .7

1 2 5 .6
1 2 8 .0
1 2 8 .5
1 1 4 .0

7 .1
8 .5
5 .2
7.'6

U n s k i l le d p la n t (m e n ) __________________

_

S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )________________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) _____________________




N ovem ber
1965
to
N ovem ber
1966

N ovem ber
1964
to
N ovem ber
1965

N ovem ber
1963
to
N ovem ber
1964

7 .2
8 .6
4 .4
2 .8

3 .4
3.9
2 .9
2 .2

3 .4
1.7
5 .2
2 .1

r .9
2.9
3 .2
4 .3

N ovem ber
1962
to
N ovem ber
1963

O c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

N ovem ber
1966
to
N ovem ber
1967

N ovem ber
1961
to
N ovem ber
1962

N ovem ber
1960
to
N ovem ber
1961

N ovem ber
1959
to
N ovem ber
1960

2 .9
4 .9
1.1
1.3

2 .3
1.3
4 .1
.4

2 .2
1.9
4 .6
.2

3 .9
1.9
5.3
6 .2

5

A. Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , P o r tla n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e arn in g s1
(standard )

Sex, occupation, and i n d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of

A verage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
f

t

50
M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

55

S

$

60

65

70

75

80

$

1

85

90

95

y

$

100

105

n o

*
115

120

t

$
1 25

t
130

*
135

1 40

1 -------1 ----145

and
under
55

150

and
60

65

70

75

80

85

-

-

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

12?

13C

135

140

145

150

HEN
35

3 9 .5

$
1 2 5.00

$
1 3 0 .0 0

$
$
1 0 6 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

-----------------------------------

15

3 9.5

1 1 6.00

120.00

8 9 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

ORDER ----------------------------------------

15

3 9 .5

97 .5 0

84 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

O F F IC E BOYS -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

22

3 9 .0
3 8.5

7 6 .0 0
77.0 0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 -

83 .0 0
77.5 0

3 7.5
3 7 .5

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

5 7 .5 0 5 5 .0 0 -

81 .5 0
81.5 0

5
5

4 0 .0

7J ."'0

7 ^ .0 0

3 9 .5

92.0 0

9 7 .5 0

102.00

1 0 4 .5 0
103 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

8 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 - 92.0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 89.5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0

_

-

13

-

—

13
-

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

CLERKS,

C L A SS A

----------------

20

17

-

5

-

3

—

6

-

2

l

1

1

6

2

1

5

-

2

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

2

2

1

1

5

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

2
1

1

_

_

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
4

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

1

-

—

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

5

*

3

3

2

“

2

-

2

4

1

-

-

-

-

1

“

2

-

12
2
10

5
4

48

-

3
-

10
4

3
3

-

-

-

_
-

1

30

38

40

31

17

27

45

13

1

-

l

1

-

-

-

■ -

-

34
14

23

12

33
5

4
4

-

1
1

“

l

1

1
1

-

-

-

-

~

15
5

15
15
-

3

33
*

~
~

7

1

6

5
4

6

2

2
2

-

1
1

_
-

r

-

-

—

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

_
-

7
4

6
6

3
3

_

-

-

4
4

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

37

_

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------B I L L E R S , MACHINE
MACHINC)

21
18

2

(BOOKKEEPING

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A SS A --------------------------------------------------

15

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
L L A j j Ij

*

52

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

“

8

U4.UU
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

148
27

3 8 .5
3 9.5
JU .

1 0 4.50
101.50

B -------------

245

3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

170
33

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

78.5 0

86.00

59
43

3 7 .0

r4
6? . 0 0

88.00

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

C LA SS

CLERKS9 F ILE y CLASS C

86.00

6 0 .5 0 -

47

21

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
JU .3

48

3 9 .0

91.5 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 99.0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

86.00

7 4 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

6 7 .0 0 -

u v .u u

-------------

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

—

7 3 .0 0

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
......_
_

C LA SS A
„ . . „ „

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------SECRETARIES,

C LA SS

A ----------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




A
JO .U

„

87 .0 0

«C..X/V

f!

—
-

-

4
4

-

-

1

7
2
1
1

15

8
2

10

2

8

3

4

3

5

u

8
i

12

3

2
1
2

___

7 9 .5 0

1

12

1

2

53

2

1

4
i

-

-

3

1

6

1

-

2

9

-

-

21

14
4

21
8

5

11

7
4
3

4
3

~

2
12
10

4

13

4

9

1
1

-

-

—

*

2

3

2

10

-

' **
-

-

—

-

-

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

-

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

215
52
163
28

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 9 .5

95.5 0
104 .5 0
93.0 0
1 0 6.50

9 2 .5 0
10 5 .5 0
89.0 0

100.00

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

15

3 8 .5

112.50

110.00

3 8 .5
3 8.5

100.50
9 8 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

75
62

14

7 3 .5 0

6 2 .5 0

1

< —

-

2

2

15

17

-

2

15

17
7

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

28
3
25

34
7
27

“

25
7
18
3

1

-

-

-

1
1

7

15
13

11
10

-

2

7

5
16

10

1

9

-

5

2
2

-

1
1

-

5
4

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

4

_

-

3

_

2
2

13

“

1

4

1

2
2

*

1
1

2

3

3

1

-

1
1

1
1

1

1

2

_

*

3

'

'

3

3
3

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , P o r tla n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of$

$

A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

50
M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

and
u nder
55

$
55
-

$
60
-

60

$

70

75

-

$

%

70

-

65

%

65

75

80

80

85

6

4

-

-

$

$

85

90

90

95

-

-

95

$ $
100

-

-

100

105

$
110

110

115

-

105

-

$
115

$ $
120

-

120

125
-

125

$
$
$
130
135
-

13C

-

135

140
-

140

I
145
-

145

I
150
and

150 o ver

WCMEN - CONTINUED
SE C R E T A R IE S5 - CONTINUED

$
$
8 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

1

SECR ETA R IES, CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

35
20
15

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

SECR ETA R IES, CLASS 0 --------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

87
18
69

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

7 8 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, g e n e r a l --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

79
19
60

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

8 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

23
19

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

44
39

4 1 .0
4 1 .0

7 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

9
9

SWITCHBOARD CPERAT0R-RECEPTION ISTSNONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

42
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 4 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

2
2

1
1

22

3 8 .5

8 0 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

7 5 . 5 0 - 8 8 .0 0

2

3

154
135
21

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

6 7 . DO- 7 6 . 5 0
6 7 . 00- 7 6 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 7 5 .5 0

16
16
-

50
48
6

40
32
10

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------T Y P IS T S , CLASS 8 --------NONMANUFACTURING --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-

9 9 . 5 0 1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 1 1 6 . 5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

1

4

6

4
3
1

2

9
8
1

2

3
3

1
1

2
2

-

1
1

9
9

17
3
14

15
2
13

14
6
8

5
3
2

3
2
1

3
2
1

-

-

3

-

2

-

-

3

-

2

6
6

13
5
8

11
3
8

15
15

11
6
5

4
1
3

7
2
5

-

3
1
2

-

4

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

4
1
3

14
14

2
2

3
2

1
-

1
1

16
16

3
3

6
5

12
7

5
5

2
1

6

10
8
-

1
1

-

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

10

31
25
4

1
1

3
-

11
5

1

-

4
4
2
1

1
1

4

5

1
1

1
1
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
z T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a te show n. The m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an the
h ig h e r r a te .
3 W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s ; 1 a t $ 1 5 5 to $ 1 6 0 ; and 6 a t $ 1 6 0 to $ 1 6 5 .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
5 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a te ly .




7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv is io n , P o r tla n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

N um ber
of
workers

Sex, occupation, and industry divisio n

15
15

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IR E G IST E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

1

s
85

M ean2

M e d ian 2

*

I

*

1

$

*

95

100

105

110

115

120

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

1
1

3
3

4
4

1
1

1
1

1

i
125

*

i

$

i

i

130

135

140

145

150

155

135

140

145

150

155

160

_

l

and

M iddle range 2

under
90

$
$
$
$
4 0 .0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 1 . 5 0 4 0 .0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 7 .5 0 1 0 1 . 5 0 -

I
90

1 2 0 .0 0 2
1 2 0 .0 0 2

—
—

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e
r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .

1

130
-

-

1

l

s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e

_
at

—

_

_

r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v e m b e r 1968)
A ve rage

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

A verage

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
(standard) (standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

B IL L E R S * MACHINE (B IL L IN G

37 3
37 5

B IL L E R S * MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

1
B00KKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS*

O ccupation and in du stry d iv isio n

15

i n .0
0n

$
70*00

m a n u f a c t u r in g

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A

-»o nr
an

O FFIC E BOYS AND G IR L S ---------------------------------

183

*

26
48

94 0
9 3 .0 0

60

9 1 .5 0

* '

J
136
^93
82
211

39 0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 8 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

59
45

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

45
40

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

3 8 .0

27

3 9 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 4 . 30

r

S EC R ETA R IES

1 0 4 .5 0

30*'*

03*^0

5 5 *5

3 8 .5

SWITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R -RECEPTIO N ISTSTRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE OPERATORS*
3 .5
ao

SECRETA R IES* CLA SS A

15

3 8 .5

SEC RETA R IES* CLA SS B

75
35

n

on cn
0 0 .^ 0

7
1

is nn
7 3 .0 0

3 8 .5 1 0 0 .5 0

S E C R E T A R IE S , CLA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
—————————

n

7n

3 9 .0

17/
1 f?

22

9 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

15

4 0 .0 1 0 9.00
4 0 .0 1 0 9 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

3 8 .0
87

3 8 .5

8 7 .0 0

30*'*

NURSES* INDUSTRIAL (R EG IS TE R E D ) -----

85*00

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u rs .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




W eekly
e arnings 1
(standard)

1 d. . u u

38 5 1 0 6 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 6 .0 0
3 8 .5

^

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
39 0
4 0 .0

5 ?
ro

9 2 .0 0

_

40

N um ber
of
workers

7 > . - p0

3 9 .5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

A ve rage

Occupation and in du stry div isio n

and the e a r n in g s

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m en in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u stry d iv isio n , P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v em b e r 1968)
N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly e arnings 1

$
S
*
2 .1 0 2 . 20 2 .3 0

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

workers

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

31
25

$
3 .2 0
3 .2 0

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

FIREM EN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------

21

2 .5 0

H ELP ER S, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------

18

2 .4 0

M ACH INISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING **“ —

20

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M A IN TEN A N CE)--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------

$

$

$

S
$
t
$
s
*
»
$
S
3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 . 90 4 .0 0 4 . 10

>.50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 .8 0 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 . 20 3 .3 0

3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4« 00 4 .1 0 4 .2 0

and

$

2 .1 0 u n der
2 .2 0 2 . 30 2 .4 0

E LE C T R IC IA N S , MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

t
$
t
*
$
$
S
(
>.40 2. 50 2. 60 2 .7 0 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 . 10 3 .2 0

2 .5 9

2 . 0 0 - 2 .8 8

35

1

2

2

1

2 .3 5

2 . 2 2 - 2 .7 6

2

2

5

1

-

2

3 .7 1

3 .8 5

3 .8 1 - 3 .8 9
3 .8 1 3 .0 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

98
28
70
59

2 .8 6
3 .0 0
2 .8 0
2 .8 1

2 .8 9
2 .9 3
2 .8 5
2 .8 9

2 .6 4 2 .7 8 2 .3 9 2 .3 8 -

-

_

20

1

“

20
20

1
1

1
1

-

~

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

93
78

3 .1 9
3 .2 2

3 .0 9
3 .0 8

2 . 7 9 - 3 .7 0
2 . 7 8 - 3 .7 3

1
1

-

-

”

TOOL AND D IE MAKERS -------------------------

59

3 .1 9

3 .0 8

3 . 0 0 - 3 .2 6

MANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4

3 .1 2
3 .1 0
3 .1 3
3 .1 7

”

~

2

-

“

“

“
“

“

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , se e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .
A ll w o r k e r s w e re a t $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n icatio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .




“

2
2

1
1

5
3

2
2

3
3

2

2

2

-

-

-

4

-

-

~

A

1

-

i

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

7
1
6

15
7
8
8

6
5
1

19
6
13
8

10

2
2
2

1

2
2

—

“

”

5
5

7

2
2

21
21

8
8

5

9

i

3
2

2 .7 9 - 3 .5 9
2 . 7 9 - 3 .8 3

i

9

15

1

~

10
10
2
1
19

3

-

2
2
7

2
2

“
~

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

2

-

1

~

2

2
2

-

-

5
5

1
1

2
2

~

~

~

“
~
~

~

10
10

14
14

9

9

•
■

_

-

~

_

-

"

~
~

9

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , P o rtla n d , M ain e, N o v e m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Middle range3

$
2 .2 9
2 .2 8

$
2 .7 1
2 .0 9

$
'$
1 . 8 4 - 2 .7 8
1 . 8 7 - 2 .7 5

1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

64
23
41

2 .3 0

2 .7 2

1 .8 3 -

2 .8 1

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------------------

233

2 .1 7

1 .8 4 -

2 .4 7

147
86
17

2 .2 8
1 .9 9
2 .4 4

2 .2 6
2 .3 5
1 .8 3
2 .6 7

2 .1 3 1 .6 7 2 .1 6 -

2 .4 8
2 .2 7
2 .7 9

46
37

1 .8 1
1 .7 9

1 .7 0
1 .7 0

1 .6 5 1 .6 5 -

1 .9 5
1 .9 4

JA N IT O R S, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMENI ------------------------------------------ ---------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

4
—
4

_
—
-

2
—
2

2
2
-

19
6
13

3
3
-

1
1
-

~

8
8
-

25
4
21
1

19
8
11
*

15
4
11
1

7
6
1

17
13
4

-

-

24
20

7
5

-

9
9

~

_
*

36
1
35

30
12
18

47
16
31

36
12
24

23
20

15
12

1

7
5

_
—
10
6
4
4

_
—
28
20
8
1

_
—
27
27
-

_
—
30
30
~

'—
26
26
-

o

Median3

O
J

Mean3

$
t
$
t
s
S
*
*
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
*
$
$
$
t
S
1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .,70 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0
and
under _
—
-

~

6
3
3
3

2. ,80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0
23
11
12

7
—
7

4

3
—
3

_
—
-

_
—
-

_
—
-

_
—
~

—
~

_
—
-

_

_

_

11

4
4

'_
—
-

11
3

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

154

13
8
5

26
7
19

25
15
10

43
37

42
42

_

4

2

20
20
-

24

6

9
4
5

11

148

11

24

-

4

9

2

19
17

_

39

_

30
26

33
-

4
-

41
41

_
-

-

-

_

-

_
“

“

• 12
12

_
~

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_
-

-

-

~

_
-

5
4

-

“

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

528
144

2 .2 0
2 .2 8

2 .0 8
2 .3 7

1 .9 5 1 .9 6 -

2 .4 7
2 .4 9

384

2 .1 7

2 .0 6

1 .9 5 -

2 .3 9

ORDER F IL L E R S --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

223
121

2 .4 4
2 .4 3

2 .4 9

2 .1 5 1 .7 9 -

2 .7 7
3 .0 3

PA CKERS, SH IP P IN G ----------------------------------

18

2 .0 8

2 .0 5

1 .8 5 -

2 .3 5

-

-

-

2

6

-

3

*

-

6

1

PA CKERS, S H IP P IN G (WOMEN) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

80
49

2 .2 2

2 .2 7

2 .0 2 -

2 .3 7

-

-

2

2

4

1 .8 3 -

2 .6 0

2

4

4

5
-

26
10

-

-

2 .1 5

10
5

9

2 .2 0

10
10

R EC EIV IN G CLERKS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

57
46

2 .7 2
2 .7 5

2 .8 2
2 .8 5

2 .3 9 2 .4 8 -

3 .2 1
3 .2 3

4

-

“

1
“

5
5

1
1

4

2

2

1

1

1

SH IP P IN G C LERK S ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

38
26

2 .7 8
2 .7 7

2 .8 3
2 .9 0

2 .5 8 2 .3 8 -

3 .2 1
3 .2 6

4
4

1
1

_

1
1

1
1

*

SH IPPIN G AND R EC EIV IN G CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

31
19

2 .4 3
2 .4 1

2 .3 9
2 .4 2

2 .2 4 2 .2 9 -

2 .7 5
2 .6 9

1
-

2
2

2
2

7
1

4

5
5

630
95
535

2 .7 8

2 .7 1
2 .5 9

3
3

4

*

-

-

-

“

-

-

4

-

-

2

1

-

1
-

15
15

6
6

2

1
-

4

-

4

3
1

4

'1
-

3

-

1
1

4
4

5

6
”

17
17
“

56
20
36

_
-

11
9
2
2

i
i
“

-

1
1
1

-

56
56
56

122
122
122

74
74
“

4

2

-

26
6
20
“

105
4
101

37
25
12

15
4
11

87
87
87

5
3
2

2 .7 1

2 .6 6

2 .2 4 -

3 .4 5

-

2

5

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

2

3

4

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

2 .1 1

2 .0 7

2 .0 1 -

2 .2 2

-

2

-

2

-

20

44

12

13

1

-

1

13

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

18
18

_
-

2

_
-

56
20
36

-

-

i
i

-

2

-

-

-

74

2

78
78
78

39
39
39

44
44
44

2 .9 3
2 .3 9
3 .0 3

2 .7 7
2 .1 9

2 .3 5 -

3 .5 9

2 .9 0

2 .1 2 2 .3 7 2 .3 5 -

2 .7 5
3 .6 0
3 .5 5

135
129

2 .9 6
3 .0 0

3 .4 4
3 .4 5

2 .0 8 2 .0 7 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

85

3 .4 8

3 .5 0

3 .4 5 -

3 .5 5

99

2 .5 0
2 .5 5

2 .5 3
2 .5 5

2 .2 2 2 .2 8 -

2 .6 7
2 .6 8

_
-

2

_

6
6

_

72

13
13

5
5
*

3 .5 1
2 .4 0

50
292
166

4

2

2

-

4
~

-

-

—
-

—
-

-

:

17
3
14

44
44

_
“

-

-

D a ta lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tr u c k o p e ra te d .




-

5
4

_
~

109

1
2
3
4
5

-

3 .5 3

34

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) --------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------- ■

_

2 .7 4
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

268

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TR A ILE R TY P E ) ------------NONHA NUFACTURING----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 4------- ^-----------------

-

-

2 .1 6 2 .1 2 2 .3 8 -

TRUCKD RIVERS, L IG H T (UNDER
1 -1 / 2 T O N S ) ------- --------------------------------

342

2

2 .1 4 -

2 .4 5
2 .8 4
3 .1 1

TRUCKD RIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TR A ILE R TY P E) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------ ----------P U BLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------------------

-

8
6

2 .7 7
3 .4 8

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------

2 .6 3

6

-

6
6

2

2

2

-

-

2

-

“

14
14

6
6

4
4

12
12

25
15

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

6

16
1

-

86
86
86

6

*

_

1
1
1

_
-

14
14

-

_
-

1
-

74
-

“
1
-




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
Th e p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r ip tio n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t it s f ie ld s t a ff in c l a s s i f y in g into a p p r o p r ia te
o c c u p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e em p lo y ed u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll t i t le s a n d d iffe r e n t w o rk a r r a n g e m e n ts f r o m e s ta b lish m e n t to e s ta b lish m e n t and
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w age r a t e s r e p r e s e n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t an d in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ility o f o c c u p a tio n a l co n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r ip t io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o se p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g th e se jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is ts a r e in str u c te d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; an d h a n d ica p p ed , p a r t - t im e , te m p o r a r y , an d p r o b a tio n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a te m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a ch in e o th er th an an o r d in a r y o r e le c t r o m a tic ty p e w r it e r . M ay a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th er
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b illin g o p e r a tio n s . F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e of m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s :
B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b illin g m a c h in e ). U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a ch in e (M oon H o p k in s, E llio t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t q ., w hich a r e co m b in atio n ty p in g and ad d in g m a c h in e s) to p r e p a r e b il ls
and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a se o r d e r s , in te r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
ra n d u m s, e t c . U su a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n of p r e d e te r m in e d d is c o u n ts and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
and e n try of n e c e s s a r y e x te n s io n s , w hich m a y o r m a y not be co m p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e ,
and t o t a l s w hich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e ra tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s
a la r g e n u m b e r of c a rb o n c o p ie s of the b ill b ein g p r e p a r e d and i s o ften done on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if i e d m a t e r ia l by sim p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~or~"partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su b h e a d in g s. P r e p a r e s sim p le r e la te d in d ex and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M ay p e r f o r m r e la te d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g of m a t e r ia l th at h a s a lr e a d y b ee n c l a s s i f i e d o r which
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a sim p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f ic a t io n s y s t e m ( e .g ., a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h ro n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s te d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f i l e s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; and m a y f i l l out w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s sim p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u al t a s k s r e ­
q u ire d to m a in ta in and s e r v ic e f i l e s .

B i l l e r , m a ch in e (b o ok k ee p in g m a c h in e ). U s e s a b o o k k ee p in g m a ch in e (S u n d stra n d , E llio t t
F i s h e r , R em in g to n R an d , e t c ., w hich m a y o r m a y not h ave ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t of the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e ra tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the s i m u lt a ­
n e o u s e n try of f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . Th e m a ch in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e s
fig u r e s on a n u m b er o f v e r t ic a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s, and u s u a lly p r in ts a u t o m a t ic a lly the
d e b it o r c r e d it b a l a n c e s . D o e s not in vo lv e a kn ow ledge of b o o k k ee p in g . W o rks f r o m u n ifo rm
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l i p s .

CLERK,

ORD ER

R e c e iv e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a il , ph one, o r p e r s o n a lly .
D u tie s in vo lv e an y c o m b in atio n o f the fo llo w in g : Q uoting p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g out an o r d e r
sh e e t lis t in g the it e m s to m a k e up the o r d e r ; ch eck in g p r i c e s and q u a n titie s of it e m s on o r d e r
sh e e t; and d is tr ib u tin g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t iv e d e p a r tm e n ts to be fille d . M ay c h e c k w ith c r e d it
d e p a rtm e n t to d e te rm in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s to m e r , ack n o w le d g e r e c e ip t of o r d e r s fr o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w up o r d e r s to s e e th at th ey h ave b ee n f ille d , k e e p f il e of o r d e r s r e c e iv e d , and ch e ck sh ippin g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a te s a b o o k k ee p in g m a ch in e (R em in g to n R an d , E llio t t F i s h e r , S u n d stra n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g is t e r , with o r w ith out a ty p e w rite r k e y b o a rd ) to k e e p a r e c o r d of b u s in e s s
t r a n s a c t io n s .
C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t of r e c o r d s re q u ir in g a kn ow ledge of and e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic
b o o k k ee p in g p r in c i p le s , and f a m il ia r it y w ith the s t r u c t u r e of the p a r t ic u l a r a cco u n tin g s y s te m
u s e d . D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and d is tr ib u tio n of d e b it and c r e d it it e m s to be u se d in e a ch
p h a se of the w o rk . M ay p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th er r e c o r d s
b y h and.

CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u te s w a g e s of co m p an y e m p lo y e e s and e n t e r s the n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o ll
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la tin g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o stin g c a lc u la te d d a ta on p a y r o ll sh e e t, sh ow in g in fo r m a tio n su ch a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rkin g
d a y s , tim e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s fo r in s u r a n c e , and to ta l w a g e s du e. M ay m a k e out p a y c h e c k s and
a s s i s t p a y m a s te r in m a k in g up and d is tr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s . M ay u se a c a lc u la tin g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d of one o r m o re p h a s e s o r se c tio n s o f a s e t of r e c o r d s u s u a lly
re q u ir in g little kn ow ledge of b a s ic b o o k k ee p in g. P h a s e s o r s e c tio n s in clu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ,
p a y r o ll, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n ts (not in clu d in g a sim p le typ e of b illin g d e s c r ib e d u n d er b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is tr ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u tio n , in v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e t c . M ay c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a tio n of t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sh e e t s fo r the a cco u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G

P r im a r y du ty i s to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e te r to p e r fo r m m a th e m a tic a l c o m p u ta tio n s. T h is
jo b i s not to be c o n fu se d w ith th at of s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th er type of c l e r k , w hich m a y in vo lv e f r e ­
quent u s e of a C o m p to m e te r b ut, in w h ich , u se of th is m a ch in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r fo r m a n c e of
o th er d u tie s .

C l a s s A . U nder g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a cc o u n tan t, h a s r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
k e e p in g one o r m o re se c tio n s of a c o m p le te s e t of b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to one p h a se
of an e s t a b lis h m e n t 's b u s in e s s tr a n s a c t io n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o stin g and b a la n c in g s u b s id ia r y
le d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch a s a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g and co din g
in v o ic e s o r v o u c h e rs w ith p r o p e r a cco u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; and r e q u ir e s ju d g m en t and e x p e r i­
en ce in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju stin g , and
c lo s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; and m a y d ir e c t c l a s s B a cco u n tin g c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in atio n k eypu nch m a ch in e to
t r a n s c r ib e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to keypunch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s sa m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k eypu nch o p e r a to r b ut, in a d d itio n , w o rk r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n of co din g
s k i l l s and the m a k in g of so m e d e te r m in a tio n s, fo r e x a m p le , lo c a t e s on the so u r c e d o cu m en t
the it e m s to b e punched; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n fr o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts; and s e a r c h e s fo r and
in t e r p r e t s in fo r m a tio n on the d o cu m en t to d e te rm in e in fo r m a tio n to be pu nch ed. M ay tr a in
in e x p e rie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U nder su p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e acco u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch
a s p o stin g sim p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s, e n te rin g v o u c h e rs in
v o u ch e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c ilin g b an k a c c o u n ts; and p o stin g s u b s i d ia r y le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o stin g sim p le c o s t a cco u n tin g d a ta . T h is jo b d o e s not r e q u ir e a kn ow l­
ed ge of a cco u n tin g and b o o k k ee p in g p r in c ip le s b ut i s found in o f f ic e s in w hich the m o r e ro u tin e
a cco u n tin g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n ctio n al b a s i s am o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s ta b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m co n ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f ile m a t e r ia l su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m e n ts , e t c . M ay a l s o file th is m a t e r ia l. M ay k e e p r e c o r d s of v a r io u s ty p e s in co n ju n ctio n
w ith the f i l e s . M ay le a d a s m a l l g ro u p of lo w e r le v e l f il e c l e r k s .

11

1 2
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C ontinu ed
C l a s s B . U n der c l o s e su p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if ic p r o c e d u r e s o r in s tr u c tio n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to punched c a r d s . O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in atio n k eypu nch m a ch in e to keypu nch ta b u la tin g c a r d s . M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W orking fr o m v a r io u s st a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts, fo llo w s s p e c ifie d se q u e n c e s w hich h ave
b een co d ed o r p r e s c r ib e d in d e ta il and r e q u ir e little o r no s e le c tin g , co d in g, o r in te r p re tin g
of d a ta to be punch ed. P r o b le m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v is o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C ontinued
d. S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c to r y , e t c . (o r o th er eq u iv a le n t le v e l
of o ffic ia l) th a t e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of a la r g e and im p o rta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r of an o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t o ften in vo lv in g a s m an y a s s e v e r a l h un dred
p e r s o n s ) of a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a l l , o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F I C E BOY OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s su ch a s ru nnin g e r r a n d s , o p e ra tin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
ch in e s su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o penin g an d d is tr ib u tin g m a il, and o th er m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk.
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c lo s e and h igh ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la tio n sh ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o rk a c t iv i t ie s of the s u p e r v is o r . W orks f a i r l y in d e ­
pendently r e c e iv in g a m in im u m of d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
and s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t of the fo llo w in g : (a) R e c e iv e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in co m in g m a il , a n s w e r s ro u tin e in q u ir ie s , an d r o u t e s the te c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s
to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in ta in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s in s tr u c te d ; (d) r e la y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v is o r to s u b o r d in a te s; (e) r e v ie w s c o r r e sp o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s
fo r the s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g ra p h ic a c c u r a c y ; and (f) p e r f o r m s
st e n o g ra p h ic and typing w o rk.
M ay a l s o p e r f o r m o th er c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s of c o m p a r a b le n a tu re and d iffic u lty .
The w o rk t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s kn ow ledge of o ffic e ro u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g of the o rg a n iz a tio n ,
p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w o rk of the s u p e r v is o r .
E x c lu s io n s

N ot a l l p o s itio n s th at a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s
of p o s itio n s w hich a r e e x clu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e a s fo llo w s : (a) P o s itio n s w hich do not m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y co n ce p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu lly tra in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
type d u tie s; (c) st e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o ffic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g ro u p of p r o f e s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w hich the d u tie s a r e e ith e r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o re
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t ia lly m o re c o m p le x and r e s p o n s ib le th an th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin itio n ;
and (e) a s s i s t a n t type p o s itio n s w hich in v o lv e m o re d iffic u lt o r m o re r e s p o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v is o r y , o r s p e c i a liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w hich a r e not ty p ic a l of s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk.
N O T E : The t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u se d in the le v e l d e fin itio n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f ic i a l s who h ave a sig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a te - w id e p o lic y m a k in g r o le with r e g a r d to m a jo r
co m p an y a c t iv i t ie s . Th e title " v i c e p r e s i d e n t ," though n o r m a lly in d ic a tiv e of th is r o le , d o e s not
in a ll c a s e s id e n tify su ch p o s itio n s . V ice p r e s id e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y i s to act* p e r ­
so n a lly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e o r deny in d iv id u a l lo an o r c r e d it a c tio n s;
a d m in is te r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s of a p p ly in g the fo llo w in g le v e l d e fin itio n s.

a . S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h ose r e s p o n s ib ilit y i s not e q u iv a le n t
to one of the s p e c if ic le v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin itio n fo r c l a s s B , but w h ose su b o rd in a te s t a ff
n o r m a lly n u m b e rs a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o ze n e m p lo y e e s and i s u su a lly d iv id e d into o rg a n iz a tio n a l
se g m e n ts w hich a r e o ften , in tu rn , fu r th e r su b d iv id e d . In so m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a
w ide ra n g e of o r g a n iz a tio n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e r s , only one o r tw o; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead of an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa c to r y , e t c . (o r o th er eq u iv a le n t le v e l of
o ffic ia l) th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , fe w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a . S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead of a s m a l l o rg a n iz a tio n a l u nit ( e .g ., fe w e r than
abo u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
b. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v iso r y s t a ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e , a d m in is tr a tiv e
o f f ic e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , sk ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t. (N O T E : M any c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a th e r th an s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to th is le v e l of s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v iso r y w o rk e r.)
STEN O G RAPH ER, G EN ER A L
P r im a r y duty i s to tak e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y fr o m one o r m o re
p e r s o n s e ith e r in sh o rth a n d o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay
a l s o typ e f r o m w ritte n co p y . M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m o th er r e la tiv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s . M ay o p e ra te f r o m a ste n o g ra p h ic po o l. D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g m a ch in e w o rk . (S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
S T E N O G R A P H E R , SE N IO R
P r im a r y duty i s to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la ry
su ch a s in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h fr o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith e r in s h o r t­
hand o r b y S ten o ty p e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e ; and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n . M ay a l s o type fr o m w ritten
co py . M ay a l s o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e tc .
OR

a . S e c r e t a r y to the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t of a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll ,
o v e r 100 b ut fe w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s ste n o g ra p h ic d u tie s re q u ir in g s ig n ific a n tly g r e a t e r in d ep en d en ce and r e s p o n s i­
b ility th an s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s ev id e n c e d b y . the fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u ir e s h igh d e g r e e of
ste n o g ra p h ic sp e e d and a c c u r a c y ; and a th o ro u g h w o rk in g kn ow ledge of g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o ffice
p r o c e d u r e s and of the s p e c if ic b u s in e s s o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tio n , p o l ic i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e tc . U s e s th is kn ow ledge in p e r fo r m in g ste n o g ra p h ic d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su ch a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s, le t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o sin g sim p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in co m in g m a il; and
a n sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e stio n s, e t c . D o e s not in clu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .

b. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r th an the c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t)
of a co m p an y th at e m p lo y e s, in a l l , o v e r 5, 000 b ut fe w e r th an 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; or

SW ITCH BO A RD O P E R A T O R

C la ss A

c . S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d (im m e d ia te ly b elo w the c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r le v e l) of a m a jo r s e g ­
m en t o r s u b s i d ia r y of a co m p an y th a t e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss B
a . S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n of the b o a rd o r p r e s id e n t of a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll ,
fe w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; or
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a te o f f ic e r (o th e r th an c h a irm a n of the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t) of
a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 100 b ut fe w e r th an 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to the h ead (im m e d ia te ly b elo w the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r e ith e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a te - w id e fu n ctio n al a c tiv ity ( e .g ., m a r k e tin g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a tio n s , in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s , e tc .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g ra p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t ( e .g ., a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r te r s ; a m a jo r d iv isio n )
o F a co m p an y th at e m p lo y s, in a ll , o v e r 5, 000 b ut fe w e r th an 25, 000 e m p lo y e e s ; o r




C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s itio n telep h o n e sw itc h b o a rd h a n dlin g in co m in g ,
o u tgo in g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s fu ll telep h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch a s c o n fe r e n c e , c o lle c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i la r c a l l s , e ith e r in ad d itio n to doing
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a fu ll- tim e a s s ig n m e n t.
( " F u l l " telep h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s when the e s ta b lish m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th at a r e
not r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telep h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e of o v e rla p p in g or
in te r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s, and c o n se q u e n tly p r e s e n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s a s to w hich e x te n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te f o r c a ll s .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a te s a sin g le - o r m u lt ip le - p o s itio n telep h o n e sw itc h b o a rd h an d lin g in co m in g ,
o u tgo in g, in tra p la n t o r o ffic e c a l l s . M ay h an dle ro u tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a l l s and r e c o r d t o l ls . M ay
p e r fo r m lim ite d teleph o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L im it e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v ic e o c c u r s
if the fu n ctio n s of the e s ta b lish m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le fo r telep h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s t s a r e ro u tin e , e . g . , giv in g e x te n sio n n u m b e rs when s p e c ific n a m e s a r e
fu r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th er o p e r a to r .)

13
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C ontinued

SW ITC H BO A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T IO N IS T
In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s of o p e r a to r on a sin g le - p o s it io n o r m o n ito r- ty p e sw itc h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p tio n is t and m a y a ls o type o r p e r f o r m ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t of r e g u la r
d u tie s. T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a r t of th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a te s sim p le ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch a s the
s o r t e r , re p ro d u c in g punch, c o lla to r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f ic in s tr u c tio n s . M ay in clu d e sim p le
w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s and so m e filin g w o rk . The w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s p o rtio n s o f a w ork
u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l so r t in g o r c o lla tin g ru n s o r re p e titiv e o p e r a tio n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a te s a v a r ie ty of ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a cco u n tin g m a c h in e s, ty p ic a lly
in clu d in g su ch m a c h in e s a s the ta b u la t o r , c a lc u la t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o lla t o r , and o th e r s.
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r tin g a s s ig n m e n ts w ithout c lo s e su p e r v is io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w irin g a s r e q u ir e d . The c o m p le te re p o rtin g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n ts ty p ic a lly in vo lv e a
v a r ie ty of long and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w hich o ften a r e of i r r e g u la r o r n o n re c u rrin g ty p e r e ­
q u irin g so m e plan n in g and se q u e n cin g of s t e p s to be ta k e n . A s a m o re e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to r ,
i s ty p ic a lly in v o lv ed in tr a in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r t ia ll y tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w irin g f r o m d ia g r a m s and o p e ra tin g se q u e n c e s of lo n g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v is o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s and d a y -to d ay s u p e r v is io n of the w o rk and p ro d u ctio n of a gro u p of ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a te s m o re d iffic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l acco u n tin g m a c h in e s su ch a s the
ta b u la to r and c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o lla to r . T h is w o rk is
p e r fo r m e d u n d er s p e c i f ic in str u c tio n s and m a y in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e of so m e w irin g fr o m
d ia g r a m s . The w o rk ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s in vo lv in g a re p e titiv e
a cco u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te but s m a ll ta b u la tin g stu d y , o r p a r t s of a lo n g e r and m o re
c o m p le x r e p o r t. Such r e p o r t s and s t u d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu re w h ere the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w ell e s ta b lis h e d . M ay a ls o in clu d e the tr a in in g of new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e ra tio n of the m a ch in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r im a r y duty i s to t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n in vo lv in g a n o rm a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la ry fro m
t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s . M ay a ls o typ e fro m w ritte n co py and do sim p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o rk e rs t r a n s c r ib in g d ic ta tio n in vo lv in g a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s le g a l
b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n tif ic r e s e a r c h a r e not in clu d ed . A w o rk e r who ta k e s d ic ta tio n in s h o r t ­
hand o r by S ten o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a ch in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l.
T Y P IS T
U s e s a ty p e w rite r to m a k e c o p ie s of v a r io u s m a t e r ia l o r to m ak e out b il ls a fte r c a lc u la ­
tio n s h ave b ee n m ad e by an o th er p e r so n . M ay in clu d e ty p in g of s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a te ­
r i a l s fo r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M ay do c l e r ic a l w o rk in vo lv in g little s p e c i a l tr a in in g , su ch
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r so r t in g and d is tr ib u tin g in co m in g m a il.
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g ; T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo rm when it
in v o lv e s co m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g ,
sy lla b ic a tio n , p u n ctu atio n , e t c ., of te c h n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o rd s o r fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l;
and p lan n in g lay o u t and ty p in g of c o m p lic a te d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo rm ity and
b a la n c e in sp a c in g . M ay typ e ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s v a ry in g d e ta ils to su it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g: C opy typ in g fro m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a ft s ;
ro u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in su r a n c e p o l ic i e s , e t c .; and se ttin g up sim p le st a n d a r d ta b u la tio n s ,
o r co py in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y se tu p and s p a c e d p r o p e r ly .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N —-Continued

D R A FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n of c o m p le x it e m s h aving d is tin c tiv e d e sig n
fe a t u r e s th at d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fro m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c lo s e s u p ­
p o rt w ith the d e s ig n o r ig in a to r , and m a y re c o m m e n d m in o r d e sig n c h a n g e s. A n a ly z e s the
e ffe c t of e a ch ch ange on the d e ta ils of fo r m , fu n ctio n , and p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s o f c o m ­
pon en ts and p a r t s . W o rks w ith a m in im u m of s u p e r v is o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le ted w o rk is
re v ie w e d by d e sig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n s iste n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e rin g d e te rm in a tio n s# M ay
e ith e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s, o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonrou tine and c o m p le x d ra ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts th at r e q u ir e the a p p li­
c a tio n of m o s t of the sta n d a r d iz e d d raw in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r ly u se d . D u ties ty p ic a lly in ­
v o lv e su ch w o rk a s : P r e p a r e s w o rk in g d ra w in g s of s u b a s s e m b li e s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s ,
m u ltip le fu n c tio n s, and p r e c is e p o s itio n a l re la tio n s h ip s b etw een c o m p o n en ts; p r e p a r e s a r c h i­
t e c tu r a l d ra w in g s fo r c o n s tru c tio n of a b u ild in g in clu din g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f fo u n d atio n s, w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p la n s , and ro o f. U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e te rm in e q u a n titie s of m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s t r e n g th s ,
s t r e s s e s , e tc . R e c e iv e s in itia l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u ir e m e n ts , and a d v ic e fro m s u p e r v is o r .
C o m p le ted w o rk is ch eck ed fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta il d ra w in g s of sin g le u n its o r p a r t s fo r e n g in e e rin g , c o n stru c tio n ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s . T y p e s of d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o je c t io n s
(d e p ictin g th re e d im e n sio n s in a c c u r a te s c a le ) and se c tio n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o sitio n in g of

co m p o n en ts and co n v ey n eed ed in fo r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils fro m a n u m b er of s o u r c e s
and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e ste d m e th o d s of a p p ro ac h ’, a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v ic e on so u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n w ith in itia l a s s ig n m e n t s . In s tru c tio n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w hen a s s ig n m e n ts r e c u r . W ork m a y be sp o t- c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g cloth o r p a p e r o v e r
d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g w ith pen o r p e n c il. (D o e s not in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s p r im a r il y
c o n s ist in g of s t r a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a l e not re q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s sim p le o r r e p e titiv e d ra w in g s of e a s i l y v is u a liz e d it e m s .
d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W ork is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )
A r e g is t e r e d n u r se who g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e u n d er g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c tio n to il l or
in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th er p e r s o n s who b e c o m e il l o r su ffe r an a c c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s of a
f a c to r y o r o th er e s ta b lish m e n t. D u ties in vo lv e a co m b in atio n of the fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to the ill o r in ju r e d ; atte n d in g to su b se q u e n t d r e s s in g of e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e ep in g r e c o r d s
of p a tie n ts t r e a te d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r o th er p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a tio n s and h ea lth e v a lu a tio n s of a p p lic a n ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and plan n in g and c a r r y ­
ing out p r o g r a m s in vo lv in g h e a lth ed u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , ev a lu a tio n of plan t e n v iro n m e n t,
o r o th er a c t iv it ie s a ffe c tin g th e h e a lth , w e lfa r e , and sa fe ty o f a ll p e r so n n e l.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C ontinued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru c t and m a in ta in in good r e p a ir b u ild in g
w oodw ork and eq u ip m en t su ch a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n te r s, b e n c h e s, p a r t it i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , and t r i m m ad e of w ood in an e s ta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and la y in g out of w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in t s, d r a w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in str u c tio n s u sin g a
v a r ie t y of c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le pow er t o o ls , and sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in str u m e n ts ;

m a k in g sta n d a r d sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n s io n s of w o rk ; and s e le c tin g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s ­
s a r y fo r th e w o rk . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed t r a i n ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .




14
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C ontinu ed

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l tr a d e fu n ctio n s su ch a s the in s ta lla tio n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a ir of eq u ip m en t fo r th e g e n e r a tio n , d is tr ib u tio n , o r u tiliz a tio n of e l e c t r ic e n e r g y in an
e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g ; I n s ta llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y of
e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t su ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , sw itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l le r s , c ir c u it b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n its , condu it s y s t e m s , o r o th er t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g fro m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s, la y o u ts , o r o th er s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia g n o sin g tro u b le in the
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r eq u ip m en t; w o rk in g st a n d a r d co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n ts of
w irin g o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and u sin g a v a r ie t y of e l e c t r ic i a n 's h a n d to o ls and m e a s u r in g and
te s t in g in str u m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, th e w o rk o f the m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r ic i a n r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed t r a i n ­
ing and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

the v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n t s; and a lin in g w h e e ls,
a d ju stin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tightening- b o dy b o lts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n ­
tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R , ST A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a te s and m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e the o p e r a tio n of s t a tio n a r y e n g in e s and
eq u ip m en t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r ic a l ) to su p p ly th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y ed w ith p o w e r,
h e a t, r e f r ig e r a t io n , o r a ir - c o n d itio n in g . W ork in v o lv e s : O p e ra tin g and m a in ta in in g eq u ip m en t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, s t e a m b o ile r s an d b o ile r - f e d w a te r p u m p s; m a k in g eq u ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and
k e e p in g a r e c o r d of o p e ra tio n of m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a tu r e , an d fu e l c o n su m p tio n . M ay a ls o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s . H ead o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o re th an one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c lu d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a tio n a r y b o ile r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lish m e n t in w h ich em p lo y e d w ith h e a t, p o w e r,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e ls to f i r e b y hand o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
and c h e c k s w a te r and s a f e t y v a lv e s . M a y c le a n , o il, o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r r o o m eq u ip m en t.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c if ic
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s of l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o rk e r su p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o ls ;
cle a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a c h in e , and eq u ip m en t; a s s i s t i n g jo u rn e y m a n b y h o ldin g m a t e r ia ls o r
t o o ls ; and p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n sk ille d t a s k s a s d ir e c te d b y jo u rn e y m a n . Th e kind of w o rk the
h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e : In so m e t r a d e s the h e lp e r is co n ­
fin ed to su p p ly in g , liftin g , and h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s and to o ls and c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; and in
o th e r s he i s p e r m itte d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u ll- tim e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , TO O LR O O M
S p e c ia li z e s in the o p e r a tio n of one o r m o r e ty p e s of m a ch in e t o o l s , su ch a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y lin d r ic a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , en gin e la t h e s , o r m illin g m a c h in e s, in th e c o n s tru c tio n of
m a c h in e - sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
ning and p e r fo r m in g d iffic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s ; p r o c e s s in g it e m s r e q u ir in g c o m p lic a te d se tu p s
o r a h igh d e g r e e of a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; se le c tin g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , to o lin g , and o p e r a tio n se q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n t s d u rin g o p e r a tio n to
a c h ie v e r e q u is it e to l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y be r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w hen to o ls n e ed d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , and to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cu ttin g and lu b r ic a tin g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u stry w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - to o l o p e r a t o r s , to o lr o o m , in to o l and d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e ex c lu d e d fr o m th is c la s s i f ic a t io n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s re p la c e m e n t p a r t s and new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e ta l p a r t s of m e c h a n ­
ic a l eq u ipm en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : I n te rp r e tin g
w ritte n in str u c tio n s and s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; p lan n in g and la y in g out of w o rk ; u sin g a v a r ie t y of m a ­
c h in is t 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in s tr u m e n ts ; se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g sta n d a r d m a ch in e
to o ls ; sh a p in g of m e ta l p a r t s to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g sta n d a rd sh op c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to
d im e n sio n s of w o rk , to o lin g , f e e d s , and sp e e d s of m a c h in in g ; kn ow ledge of the w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s
of the co m m o n m e t a ls ; se le c tin g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and eq u ip m en t r e q u ir e d fo r h is w o rk ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l in g p a r t s into m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in i s t 's w o rk
n o rm a lly r e q u ir e s a ro u n d ed tr a in in g in m a c h in e - sh o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e ry o r m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t of an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t
of the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o se so u r c e of tro u b le ;
d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g m a c h in e s and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in vo lv e the u se
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p in g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b tain ed
f r o m sto c k ; o r d e r in g th e p ro d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t by a m a ch in e sh o p o r se n d in g of the
m a ch in e to a m a ch in e sh o p fo r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s
o r fo r the p ro d u c tio n of p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a ch in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b li n g m a c h in e s; and m ak in g
a ll n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n t s fo r o p e ra tio n . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . E x c lu d e d fr o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e se ttin g up o r a d ju stin g m a c h in e s.
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a ll s new m a c h in e s o r h ea v y eq u ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and in s t a l ls m a c h in e s o r
h ea v y eq u ip m en t w hen c h a n g e s in the plan t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the f o l­
lo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g out of th e w o rk ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o th er s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; u sin g
a v a r ie t y of h a n d to o ls and r ig g in g ; m a k in g st a n d a r d sh o p co m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to s t r e s s e s ,
stre n g th of m a t e r i a l s , and c e n te r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g and b a la n c in g o f eq u ip m en t; se le c tin g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u se d ; and in s ta llin g and m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r po w er
t r a n s m i s s i o n eq u ip m en t su c h a s d r i v e s and sp e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w o rk
n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a ro un ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tr a d e a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r ic a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v in g p a r t s
eq u ip m en t of an e s ta b lish m e n t.

o r w e a rin g s u r f a c e s

of m e c h a n ic a l

P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , and fix t u r e s of an e s ta b lish m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge of s u r f a c e p e c u l ia r it ie s and ty p e s of p a in t r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t
a p p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e fo r p a in tin g by re m o v in g o ld fin ish o r b y p la c in g putty o r fil le r
in n a il h o le s and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and applyirfg pain t w ith s p r a y gun o r b ru s h . M ay m ix c o lo r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , and o th er pain t in g r e d ie n ts to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s iste n c y . In g e n e r a l, the
w o rk of the m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh
a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a ll s o r r e p a i r s w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th er ty p e s of p ip e and p ip e fittin g s in an
e s ta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : L a y in g out of w o rk and m e a s u r in g to lo ­
c a te p o s itio n o f p ip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o th er w ritte n s p e c i f ic a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s of pipe
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h is e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e to rc h o r p ip e -c u ttin g m a ch in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b en d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d riv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s; a s s e m b lin g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa ste n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g st a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s re la tin g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , and s i z e of p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g st a n d a r d t e s t s to d e te rm in e w h eth er
fin ish e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c i f ic a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in te n an ce p ip e fitte r r e q u ir e s
ro un ded tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip o r eq u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e . W o rk e rs p r im a r il y e n g a g e d in in s ta llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h ea tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c lu d e d .
P L U M B E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s the p lu m bin g s y s t e m of an e s ta b lish m e n t in good o r d e r . W ork in v o lv e s : K n ow ledge
of s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d in g in s ta lla tio n of v e n ts and t r a p s in p lu m bin g sy s te m ; in sta llin g o r r e ­
p a ir in g p ip e s and f ix t u r e s ; and o penin g c lo g g e d d r a in s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's sn a k e . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in te n an c e p lu m b e r r e q u ir e s ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly
a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r eq u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o to r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s of an e s ta b lish m e n t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e eq u ipm en t to d ia g n o se s o u r c e o f tro u b le ;
d is a s s e m b l in g eq u ipm en t and p e r fo r m in g r e p a i r s th at in vo lv e th e u s e o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s, g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a liz e d eq u ip m en t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g
b ro k e n o r d e fe c tiv e p a r t s f r o m sto c k ; g rin d in g and a d ju stin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b li n g and in sta llin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in good r e p a ir the sh e e t - m e ta l eq u ip m en t and f i x ­
tu r e s (su c h a s m a ch in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s , lo c k e r s , t a n k s, v e n t il a t o r s , c h u te s, d u c ts,
m e ta l ro o fin g ) of an e s ta b lish m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and la y in g
out a ll ty p e s of sh e e t - m e ta l m a in te n an c e w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e ls , o r o th er s p e c ific a tio n s ;
se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g a ll a v a ila b le ty p e s of s h e e t - m e ta l w o rk in g m a c h in e s; u sin g a v a r ie t y of




15
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C ontinued

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R — C ontinued

h a n d to o ls in cu ttin g , b en d in g , fo r m in g , sh a p in g , fittin g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g sh e e tm e ta l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk of the m a in te n a n c e sh e e t - m e ta l w o rk e r r e q u ir e s
ro u n d ed tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e sh ip o r eq u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

u sin g a v a r ie t y of to o l and d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c is io n m e a s u r in g in str u m e n ts ; u n d e r­
sta n d in g of th e w o rk in g p r o p e r t ie s of co m m o n m e t a ls ap d a llo y s ; se ttin g up and o p e ra tin g of
m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d eq u ip m en t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s
of w ork," s p e e d s , f e e d s , and to o lin g of m a c h in e s; h e a t- tr e a tin g o f m e ta l p a r t s d u rin g fa b r ic a tio n
a s w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls and d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a litie s ; w o rk in g to c lo s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fittin g and a s s e m b lin g of p a r t s to p r e s c r ib e d to l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s; and s e le c tin g a p p r o p r ia te
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l, the to o l and d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u ir e s a roun ded
tr a in in g in m a c h in e - sh o p and to o lr o o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u gh a fo r m a l a p p r e n tic e sh ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T O O L AN D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; ji g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix tu r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r)
C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s m a c h in e - sh o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f ix tu r e s o r d ie s fo r f o r g i n g s ,
pu n ch in g, and o th er m e ta l- f o r m in g w o rk . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g and
la y in g out of w o rk f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s, o r o th er o r a l an d w ritte n s p e c if ic a t io n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s , to o l and d ie m a k e r s in to o l and d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s a r e ex c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f ic a t io n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G UARD AN D W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s, e ith e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on to u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h ere n e c e s s a r y . In clu d e s g a te m e n who a r e sta tio n e d at g a te and
ch eck on id e n tity of e m p lo y e e s and o th er p e r s o n s e n te r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e iv e s and is r e s p o n s ib le fo r in co m in g sh ip ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th er m a t e r ia ls . Sh ipp in g w o rk in v o lv e s ; A kn ow ledge of sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s of the g o o d s sh ip p e d , m a k in g up b il ls of la d in g , p o stin g w eigh t and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f il e of sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M ay d ir e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g the m e r c h a n d is e fo r sh ip ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o lv e s ; V e rify in g o r d ir e c tin g o th e r s in v e r ify in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
sh ip m e n ts a g a in s t b il ls of la d in g , in v o ic e s , o r o th er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f i l e s .

W atch m an . M a k e s ro u n d s of p r e m i s e s p e r io d ic a lly in p r o te c tin g p r o p e r ty a g a in s t f ir e ,
th e ft, and il le g a l en try .
JA N IT O R ,

P O R T E R , OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r; ch a rw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s:
C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r ly co n ditio n f a c t o r y w o rk in g a r e a s an d w a s h r o o m s , or
p r e m i s e s of an o f f ic e , a p a rtm e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c ia l o r o th er e s ta b lish m e n t. D u tie s in vo lv e
a c o m b in atio n of the fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p pin g o r sc r u b b in g , and p o lish in g f lo o r s ; re m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , and o th e r r e f u s e ; d u stin g eq u ip m en t, fu r n it u r e , o r f ix t u r e s ; p o lish in g m e ta l f ix tu r e s
o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g su p p lie s an d m in o r m a in te n an c e s e r v i c e s ; and c le a n in g l a v a t o r ie s , sh o w ­
e r s , and r e s t r o o m s . W o rk e rs who s p e c i a liz e in window w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .
L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D LIN G
(L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r and s t a c k e r ; sh e lv e r ; t r u c k e r ; sto c k m a n o r sto c k h e lp e r ; w a r e ­
h o u se m a n o r w a re h o u se h elp e r)
A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th er e s ta b lish m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in vo lv e one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g : L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th er t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a ck in g, sh e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n s p o r t in g m a t e r ia ls o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tru ck , c a r , o r w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g s h o re m e n , who lo a d and u n lo ad sh ip s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER, F IL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; sto c k s e le c t o r ; w a re h o u se sto ck m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s fo r fin ish e d go o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c if ic a tio n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s 1 o r d e r s , o r o th er in s tr u c tio n s . M ay , in a d d itio n
to fillin g o r d e r s and in d ic a tin g it e m s f ille d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s of outgo in g o r d e r s , r e q u i­
sitio n a d d itio n a l sto c k o r r e p o r t sh o r t su p p lie s to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r f o r m o th er r e la te d d u tie s.

R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le r k
S h ipp in g and r e c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a tr u c k w ith in a c ity o r in d u s tr ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
eq u ip m en t, o r m e n b etw een v a r io u s ty p e s of e s ta b lis h m e n ts su c h a s : M a n u fac tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t
d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts , o r b etw een r e t a il e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s of b u s in e s s . M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo ad tr u c k w ith o r w ithout h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p tr u c k in go o d w o rk in g o r d e r . D r iv e r - s a l e s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and type of eq u ip m en t,
a s fo llo w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld be r a te d on the b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c ity .)
T r u c k d r iv e r (co m b in atio n of s i z e s li s t e d se p a r a te ly )
T r u c k d r iv e r , ligh t (un der IV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (IV2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a i l e r type)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h ea v y (o v e r 4 to n s , o th er th an t r a i l e r type)
T R U C K E R , P O W ER

P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s fin ish e d p r o d u c ts fo r sh ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g co n ­
t a in e r s , the s p e c i f ic o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b ein g depen den t upon the ty p e , s i z e , and n u m b er of
u n its to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , and m eth o d of sh ip m e n t. W ork r e q u ir e s the
p la c in g of it e m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s and m a y in vo lv e one o r m o r e of the fo llo w in g ; K n ow l­
ed ge of v a r io u s it e m s of sto c k in o r d e r to v e r if y content; s e le c tio n of a p p r o p r ia te ty p e and s iz e
of c o n ta in e r; in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n ta in e r; u sin g e x c e ls io r o r o th er m a t e r ia l to p re v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and se a lin g c o n ta in e r; and ap p ly in g la b e l s o r e n te rin g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r. P a c k e r s who a ls o m a k e w ooden b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e r a te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d tr u c k o r t r a c t o r to
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s abou t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t, o r o th er
e s ta b lish m e n t.
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y type of tr u c k , a s fo llo w s:*
T r u c k e r , p o w er (fo rk lift)
T r u c k e r , po w er (o th er th an fo rk lift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e e i g h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n g in ee rs, engineering tech n ician s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1 58 5, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f th e W a g e a n d H o u r a n d P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e o n r e q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a se d fr o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .
A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1-----S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1968 1 --------------------A llentow n— e th le h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . ,
B
E
N
J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ____________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1968 1 --------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 8 *
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N. Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * —
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 -----B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 19 6 8 1
B o sto n ; M a s s . , Sept. 1968* —
B u f f a l o , N. Y . , D e c . 19 6 7 .
B u r lin g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1968.
C a n t o n , O h io , J u n e 1 9 6 8 l .
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 19 6 8 1 .
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1--------------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ------------G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ---- —--------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . — d. , M a r . 1968 1 ----------K
In
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 19 6 7 .
C o l u m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1967.
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1967
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Io w a —
R
M
111.
Oct. 1 9 6 8 _____
D a y t o n , O h io , J a n . 1968 1 —
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * —
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1968 1 ------F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v . 1967.
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 *.
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1968 l .
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 --------I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1 —
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1 _____
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1968.
K a n s a s C ity, M o .- K a n s . , S ep t. 1 9 6 8 ’
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1----H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * __
N
L o s A n g e le s— on g B e a c h and A n aheim — an ta A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — d. , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _________________ -___
In
Lubbock, T e x . , June 1 9 6 8 1
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 *.
M e m p h is, T e n n .— r k . , J a n . 1968 l .
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1--------------M idlan d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju n e 1968 1
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------

B u lletin num ber
and p rice
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58]
1575-86,
1575-71,
1575-18,
1575-75,
1 6 2 5 -3 ,'
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48]
1575-65]
1575-63]
1575-57]
1625-14
1575-81]
1575-62,
1575-14]
1575-23,
1575-20]

35 c e n t s
M u s k e g o n r - M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1968 *.
30 c e n t s

25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 19 6 8 .
__ __ _________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —

30 c e n t s

25 c e n t s

30
30
25
30

cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts

25
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-64,
1575-50]
1575-77]
1625-4,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
25
25
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents

1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46]
1575-78]

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts

P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1 5 7 5 - 1 0 , 30
1 5 7 5 - 1 9 , 20
1 5 7 5 - 3 7 , 25
1 5 7 5 - 1 5 ] 25 c e n t s
1 5 7 5 - 7 3 ] 30
1 6 2 5 - 1 2 ] 35
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1967 1 — ____________
E
1 5 7 5 - 2 9 , 25
____ ___ ____
1 5 7 5 - 1 7 , 25
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1967 1
1 5 7 5 - 5 6 , 30
S o u t h B e n d , In d. , M a r . 1968 1
_ _
__ _
S p o k a n e , W a s h ., Ju n e 1968 —
__—
_ __ _
1 5 7 5 - 7 9 , 30
1625-5,
35
1 6 2 5 - 1 0 , 30
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . T 9 6 8 ___ __
S
1 5 7 5 - 4 3 , 30
1 6 2 5 - 1 8 , 35
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t . 1 9 6 8 1 — __ __ _____
1625-1,
35
U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . ,. J u l y 19 6 8
R
____ ___
1 5 7 5 - 1 1 , 25
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . — d . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 ™ —
M
V
1 5 7 5 - 5 3 , 30
W aterbu ry, C o n n ., A p r. 1968*
1 5 7 5 - 2 6 ] 20
1 5 7 5 -3 l]
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 ___
1 5 7 5 - 7 6 ] 30
1 5 7 5 - 4 2 , 30
Y o r k , P a . ] F e b . 1 9 6 8 1 __ 1 5 7 5 - 2 5 ] 25
Y o u n g s t o w n — a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1967 1 ------------W

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 -

25 c e n t s

1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52]
1575-45]
1575-22,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82]
1575-36]
1575-49]
1575-33,
1625-17]
1575-74,
1625-11]

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r ic e

1 5 7 5 - 8 5 , ' 30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
1625-9,
1 5 7 5 - 2 1 , 25 c e n t s
’1 5 7 5 - 8 3 , 40 c e n t s
1 5 7 5 - 4 0 , 30 c e n t s
1 5 7 5 - 5 5 ] 30 c e n t s
1 5 7 5 - 4 4 , 30 c e n t s
1 6 2 5 - 2 0 ] 30 c e n t s
1 5 7 5 - 8 0 , 40 c e n t s

50 c e n ts

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 . _— — . . . . . . .
Sa n B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n tario , C a lif. ,
R
O
_________ ___________
A ug, 1Q67 1
_

1575-61,
1625-13]
1575-27,
1625-2, '
1575-70,
1575-39]
1575-35,
1575-69]

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S I N ESS

I f IRST CLASS MAIL~J
L

_

-J


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102