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Area Wage Survey
The Trenton, New Jersey , M etropolitan Area
October 1968

Bul l etin No. 1625-1B




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

J

\

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

r e g io n

111

PHILADELPHIA

Region II
Region I
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert S t
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, T ex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
'450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Trenton, New Jersey, Metropolitan Area




October 19 6 8

Bulletin No. 1625 -18
January 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Woshington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




C o n ten ts

P r e fa c e

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e taile d d a ta by s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .
At the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
Th e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o lit a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo rm a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ited S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T ab les;
1.
2.

A.

B.
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in th e p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d
su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
T r e n t o n , N . J . , in O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th rou gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of M e r c e r . County.
T h is
s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w
Y o r k , N. Y . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f T h o m a s N .
W akin , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t i o n s .




1
5

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________
In d exes of s ta n d a r d w ee k ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O c c u p atio n a l e a r n in g s ;*
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _________________________
m
A -2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s— e n and
m
w o m e n __________________________________________________________
A -3 . O ffice, p r o f e s s io n a l, and tech n ica l o ccu p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

4

6
7
9
10
11
12

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s i o n s ; *
13
B - l . M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ______________________________________________ 14
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _______________________________________ 15
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
16
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________
17
B - 6 . H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________________ 20
B - 7 . M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t ™ 21

A p pen dix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r other
(See i n s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on e a r n i n g s in t h e T r e n t o n a r e a i s
a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r f o o d s e r v i c e o c c u p a t i o n s ( O c t o b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le fo r b u ild ing c o n str u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and
allie d occu pation s.

22




Area Wage Survey---The Trenton, N.J., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic atio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed f r o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h av in g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in th e
o ccu p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u str y d i v i s i o n s w hich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
t h e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eight.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g t o a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O ccu p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e of the
follow in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d t o t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r stud y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in t h e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g
the jo b t it le s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r ie s c o m b in ed . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w it h in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in dividu al e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w ee k ly sch ed u le
in t h e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s d ata exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d
late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e . e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o rk w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w ee k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h ave b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f fe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g an d , t h u s , co n tr ib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
The p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d
not b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th an t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and allo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n th e s c o p e of th e s t u d y a n d n ot t h e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e on ly to in d ica te
t h e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of t h e j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y t h e a c c u r a c y of t h e
e a r n in g s data.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( i n t h e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a s they
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e la t e to p lan t and o ffice w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u tiv e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e u t iliz e d
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk fo rc e a r e exclu d ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e
partment of Labor.




2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in cludin g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s"
in clu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y t o t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t i m u m
s a m p l i n g t e c h n i q u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y t h a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h ave f o r m a l e n tran c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l t h a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b l e i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (tab le B - 2 ) a r e li m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on t h e s p e c i f i e d s h i f t a t t h e t i m e o f t h e
su rvey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g t o a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w as re c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y o f t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s i n a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f th e p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o rk , w hether they w e r e p a id fo r at s tr a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r tim e r a t e s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su ra n c e , and p e n sio n
p l a n s ; and f r e q u e n c y of w ag e p a y m e n t ( t a b le s B - 4 th ro u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on t h e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e t o a l l
p l a n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis t e d .
S u m s of in d iv id u al
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
ro un ding.
D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a t a o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n t h o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t of t h e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s t h e n u m b e r of w h o l e a n d h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n te d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in es w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (tab le B -5 ) is lim i t e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f it s . P r o v i s i o n s of an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r all le n g th s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la t e d a s ap p ly in g to a ll p lan t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , . r e g a r d l e s s o f l e n g t h of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
other than a tim e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of an n u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u iv ­
alen t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " or " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its b ey o n d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a l i f y i n g l e n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l of s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 6 ) i n ­
c l u d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h t h e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t. S u ch p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u nion fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y by
t h e e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a f u n d s e t a s i d e
for th is p u rp o se .
An e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h av e a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p la n , ev en if l e s s th an a m a jo r i t y e le c t e d to p a r t ic i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to co n tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n satio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d t o t h a t t y p e of
in su r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s to w h ich the e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s .
How­
e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a n d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l it y i n su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s, 3 p la n s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p l o y e e w it h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the
r e q u i r e m e n t s of th e l a w .
T a b u la tio n s of p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
l im it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n of the
w o r k e r 's p a y d u rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Separate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d . In a d d i t i o n t o t h e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f t h e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s who a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a te d to ta l i s show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a j o r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p it a liz a t io n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m e n t of d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such plan s m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r non profit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
b e p a i d f o r b y t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u la t io n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d to th o s e p la n s
th at p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r ' s life .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
t y p e s of r a t e s t r u c t u r e f o r w o r k e r s p a i d u n d e r v a r i o u s t i m e a n d i n ­
c en tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s in g le r a t e s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
t o a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in t h e s a m e j o b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r below the s in g le r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t i o n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e t h o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h t h e r a n g e . In t h e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , t h e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
t h e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s of i n c e n t i v e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n l y
f o r p l a n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of th e l o w i n c i d e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f i c e
w orkers.
U nder a p ie c e w o rk s y s t e m , a p re d e te rm in e d ra te is paid
f o r e a c h u n it o f o u t p u t . P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t i o n
o v e r a q u o t a o r c o m p l e t i o n o f a j o b in l d s s t h a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a l u e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b i n a t i o n of a s t a t e d s a l a r y
plus a p e r c e n ta g e .
D ata
tab le B - 7 .

on f r e q u e n c y

of w a g e

paym ent

also

are

p rovided

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in T r e n to n , N . J . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 O c to b e r 1968
N u m b e r ot e s ta b lis h m e n ts
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts in sc o p e
of study

In dustry d ivision

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ithin s c o p e
of stu d y 5

Studied
T otal4

Studied

Plant
Num ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s — __________

___________

Servlces ......................................

Percent

T o tal4

215

92

50,800

100

32,800

9, 000

35,210

-

109
106

48
44

34,200
16,600

67
33

22,700
10, 100

5,500
3,500

2 4 , 750
10,460

50
50
50
50
50

13
16
39
9
29

8
6
10
6
14

4,200
1,200
5, 90 0
1,900
3,400

8

2,400

1,000

2
12
4
7

3,670
630
2, 0 80
1,670
2,410

____

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________
- _____ „
_______
___ ___ ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ___________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ______________ ____________________
F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e sta te — —

O ffice

50

( 6)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

1 T h e T r e n t o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f M e r c e r C o u n ty . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r., to s e r v e a s a b a s i s
o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
of
d a ta fo r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lish m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , bu t f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n of d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in
footnote 6 ab ove.
8 H o tels and m o te ls; la u n d r ie s and other p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e s s s e r v i c e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir , re n ta l, and p a rk in g ; m o tio n p ic tu r e s; n onprofit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (excludin g
r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f o u r t h s of th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of th e s u r v e y in th e T r e n t o n a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T he follo w in g p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s tr y g r o u p s
and sp e c ific in d u strie s a s a p e rc e n t of all m an u factu rin g:
In d ustry g ro u p s

Specific ind ustries

E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d

C u t le r y , h a n d t o o ls , an d

F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s — — 18
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s — 12
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l — 11
P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g — ———
8
C h e m ic a ls a n d a l l i e d

C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t_____ 10
F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c t s ---- 8
E l e c t r i c lig h tin g a n d
w ir in g e q u ip m e n t—____________
6
M e ta lw o r k in g m a c h i n e r y ____ __ 6
P e r i o d i c a l s _____________________
5
P o tte ry an d r e la te d p r o d u c ts — 5

S to n e , c la y , an d g l a s s
p r o d u c t s ------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o th e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s -_____—______________ -

6
5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a giv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rce n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g t h e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a t e o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
These e stim a te s are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s for o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
The p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e l e c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.
L im ita tio n s of D ata

M ethod of C om p u tin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n ge , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have declined b e c a u se lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h ave r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w it h in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se co n stan t w eights re fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r t h e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r the f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s ;
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographer, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, payroll
class B
Tool and die makers
Comptometer operators
Typists, classes A and B
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d i n th e d a t a .
The p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t only c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s su ch , o r by p r e m i u m pay
for o v ertim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6
T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t o b e r 1968 a n d N o v e m b e r 1 9 6 7 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In dexes
(D e ce m b e r 1960=100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

O c t o b e r 1968

N o v e m b e r 1967

N o v e m b e r 1967
to
O c t o b e r 1968

D e c e m b e r 1966
to
N o v e m b e r 1967

D e c e m b e r 1965
to
D e c e m b e r 1966

D e c e m b e r 1964
to
D e c e m b e r 1965

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s tria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _________________

128.8
1 4 7 .8
1 3 4 .0
1 3 7 .6

1 2 3 .2
1 4 1 .7
1 2 7 .5
1 3 0 .5

4.6
4.3
5 .0
5 .4

3 .4
8 .5
6 .5
5 .2

4.7
2 .2
4.8
6 .6

3 .5
7 .0
3.3
3 .3

M an ufactu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )..
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _ ______________

12 4 .1
1 4 7 .0
1 3 3 .3
1 3 6 .2

1 1 8 .8
14 0 .9
1 2 7 .4
129.4

4.5
4.3
4.7
5.3

3 .5
8.5
6 .7
5 .5

3.7
2 .2
5 .0
3 .2

3 .5
6.0
3 .2
5 .0

D e c e m b e r 1963
to
D e c e m b e r 1964

D e c e m b e r 1962
to
D e c e m b e r 1963

D e c e m b e r 1961
to
D e c e m b e r 1962

D e c e m b e r I960
to
D e c e m b e r 1961

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ___
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __ ___ ____ ____ ____ __ __________ __ __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) __________ _
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) . _______________
—

3.1
.9
2.9
1.7

1.6
4.4
1.9
4 .3

2 .2
5 .2
2 .3
4.2

2 .6
7 .8
3.1
2 .0

M an ufactu rin g;
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) _____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

1.4
.9
2 .8
2.4

.8
4 .9
2 .2
3 .8

2.3
5.1
2.1
3.7

2 .2
7.7
2 .6
2 .6

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p




7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e str a i g h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c t o b e r 19 68 )
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —

$

$
55

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

$
60

$
65

$

*

7C

75

$
80

SEN

74
72

$
$
$
$
39.5 118.50 116.50 101.5C-128.50
39.5 118.50 11 6 . CO 101.00-129.00

B ---------

22

39.0 115.00 11 4 . CO

83 . 0 0 - 1 5 6 . CC

O F F IC E . B O Y S -----------------------------------------

25

37.5

80.00

8C.C0

7 6 . CC- 98.00

ACCOUNTING,

CL AS S

$
95

$

100

$

105

$

110

$

115

*
120

I
125

$
13C

t
135

5

1AC

7C

75

80

85

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

-

I
150

"

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

12 0

125

130

13 5

-

7
7

9
9

10
10

4
4

3
3

16
15

3
3

6
5

1
1

~

1 40

over

2
2

1
1

and

160

1 45

160

-

65

74.00- 9C.50

CLERKS,

$
9C

and
u n d er
60

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$
85

8
8

3

-

-

-

~

2

6

5

4

2

5

i

-

2

4

1

5

1

3

5

12

-

2

2

4

8

1

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

17
14

14
14

18
13

18
17

5
4

8
4

5
4

5
3

5
5

2

3

-

4
4

9
5

6
3

6
6

2
2

_

-

2

-

6
5

4
3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

WCMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------

24

38.5

87.00

87.50

BOOKKEEPING—MACHINE CP ER AT CR S,
CL AS S B -----------------------------------------

48

37 . C

85.50

79.50

73.0C-1C1.50

-

2

7

5

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL AS S A —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

106
87

38.0 107.50 10 5.CO
38.0 106.50 104.50

97.00-117.50
96.5C-115.00

_

_

_

-

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS E —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

342
186

37.5
36.0

87.00
92.50

_

-

3

a e .c o

77.50- 5 1 . CC
82.50- 54 . CO

54
4

58
20

67
42

70
50

35
3C

10
6

35

37.0

86.50

8 7 . CO

81.50- 92.00

-

-

-

i

6

7

10

7

4

39

37.5

78.00

74 . CC

70.50- 83 . 5C

-

3

6

13

6

3

5

-

-

105
37

37.5
38.5

70.00
76.00

69.50
7 4 . CO

62.50- 74.50
71.50- 75.50

14

23

18
3

26
20

10
6

8
3

1
1

1
-

4
4

CLERKS,

FILE,

CL AS S

A

CLERKS,

FILE,

C L A SS

8

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL AS S C
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

8 4 . C0

-

*

*

1

2

2

-

1

CRCER ------------------------------------

30

39.0

97.50

95.50

84 .0 0 - 1 0 4 . CO

-

-

-

4

3

1

3

4

4

5

1

-

-

-

1

*

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

102
85

39.0
39.0

99.00
98.00

9 8 . CO
9 7 . CO

85.50-11C.50
82.00-1C8.C0

_

-

-

15
19

1
1

4
4

12
9

9
6

ii
10

9
9

11
11

9
2

1
-

1
-

7
7

1
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

94
76

38.5
39.0

91.50
92.00

91.50
91.50

86.00- 97.50
87.00- 96.50

_

_

2
1

6
3

12
8

22
20

21
21

17
17

9
3

2

-

-

i
i

_

_

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

128
58
70

38.0
38.5
37.5

86.50
9 5 . 5C
79.00

84 . CO
9C.50
7 8.50

76.00- 55 . 5C
8 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 2 . CO
72.00- 88 . CC

_

14
2
12

22
7
15

20
12
8

17
8
9

1C
5
5

10
4
6

3
i
2

_

14
14

1
1

i
i

-

-

-

-

5

8
8

O F F IC E G IR L S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

43
34

38.C
38.5

78.00
78.50

7 7 . CO
7e.cc

71 .0 0- 83.50
72.50- 83 .CO

2
-

7
6

9
6

9
9

9
9

3
2

i
-

i
-

_

-

-

2
2

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

703
556
147

39.0 113.50 11 3 . CO
39.0 114.50 113.50
38.5 1C9.5C 105.50

98.5C-128.50
99.50-129.50
9 4 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 . CO

-

-

1C

7
7
-

19
13
fc

56
49
7

57
40
17

40
34
6

83
64
19

52
42
10

49
40
9

59
46
13

59
45
14

51
41
10

48
42
6

-

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

6

2

4

8

2

1

2

_

1
1

4

6
i
5

7
5
2

13
6
7

5
1
4

7
5
2

17
10
7

ii

6
6
-

17
15
2

3
1
2

4
4

10
9

5

10
9
i

5
5

5
5

18
18

23
23

16
13

29
26

34
33

14
13

17
14

17
14

1
1

CLERKS,

“
~

5

-

_

-

-

-

1C

-

CLASS A

28

39.0 129.50 134.50 1 2 3 . 50 -1 39 .CC

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFACTURING ----

125
79
46

38.5 121.50 12 1 . CO 10 5. 00 -1 37 .CO
39.0 127.50 128.50 116.00-138.50
38.5 1 1 1 . 0 0 105.50
9 7 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . CO

_

-

-

1
-

SECRETARIES,

192
177

39.0 12 1.5C 12C.C0 10 9.5C-13C.C0
39.5 121.00 12C.C0 10 8 . 5 0 - 1 2 9 . CO

SECRETARIES,

C L A SS C
----------

manufacturing

S e e fo otn otes at end of tab le .




-

-

-

“

_

_

'

-

1
-

-

_
-

-

4

_

_

-

-

f
c

5
5

55
46
9

19
17

14
8
6

2

1

15
13
2

3
1

2
12
12

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a re s , b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T re n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(stan dard )
A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
( standard)

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—

$

S
55

M e d ian 2

WOMEN -

60

t
65

I
70

$
75

i
80

$

t
85

90

$
95

i
100

~T
105

i
110

i
115

$
120

i

125

%
13C

135

$

T

140

1 45

$----- S---

u n d er
65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

18
13
5

52
49
3

28
24
4

50
39
11

24
18

26

34

140

145

150

160

an d

160

over

22

22
4

135

150

—

M iddle range 2

60

SECRETARIES3 -

1

16

CCNTINUEC

CONTINUED
$
1 0 2 . CO

$
$
9 0 .0 0 9 0 .5 0 9 0 .0 0 -

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

105 .0 0
1 0 6.00

100.00

102.00
101.00

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
89.5 0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 . CO

8 0 .5 0 100.50
8 0 .5 0 - 98.5 0
8 1 .0 0 102.00

110
82
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

99.5 0
9 9 .5 0
100 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 8 9 .5 0 8 7 .0 0 -

106.00
105 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

38
24

3 8.5
3 9 .0

94.0 0

98.0 0

101.00

102.00

7 4 .0 0 9 6 .5 0 -

1 09.00
109.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— E C E P T IC N I S T S
R
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 3 .5

90.0 0
9 3 .0 0
85 .0 0

9 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 101.00
7 7 .5 0 - 96.5 0

TR ANS CRIBING-MACHINE C P ER AT CR S,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

86 .5 0
88.5 0

88.5 0
89.5 0

7 8 .5 0 83 .0 0 -

9 7 .5 0
99.5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

352
284

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

19E
132

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SWITCHBCARC C P ERA TC RS , C LA SS E -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

88.00

117 .0 0
119.00
113.50

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

110
37

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

84.5 0
8 8 .5 0

83.00
8 5 . CO

7 7 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 -

273
153

3 7.5
3 8.5

77.0 0
81.5 0

7 4 .5 0
80.0 0

6 8 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

83 .5 0
e 7 .5 0

25

10

9

22
11

20
10
10

11

8
7

11
11

23
20
3

1

7
7
13
7

94.5 0
99.5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

34

33
23

11

18
11

23
10

45
21

58
30

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an th e r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an th e r a t e sh ow n. T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n the lo w e r of th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th a n the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1
(standard )
Num ber
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—
$

*

Avenge

90

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

Under
$
and
90
under

IOC

1

$

%

95

95

S e x . o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

w eek ly
h ou rs1
[standard)

10C

105

$

$
110

115

t

*
120

$

$
130

125

135

$

%

1 40

1 45

S
150

S
1 60

$
1 70

$
1 80

$
1 90

$
200

*
210

220
and

105

110

1 15

120

125

135

130

140

145

-150.

160

170

iec

19 0

29C

210

229

5

e
8

19
19

7
7

14
14

6
6

6
6

5
5

5
5

8

-

8

8
8

_

_

_

_

MEN
ORAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

81
8C

3 9.5
3 9.5

$
185.50
1 8 5.50

$
$
$
1 84.50 1 6 4 .5 0 -2 C 2 .5 C
1 8 5 . CO 1 6 6 . 0 0 - 2 0 3 . CO

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

106
10 3

4 0 .0
4C .0

1 63.00
1 6 4.00

1 5 3 . CO 1 4 3 . 0 0 - 1 8 1 . 0 0
153.50 1 4 3 .5 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

-

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

85
84

4C.C
4 0 .0

125.50
1 25.50

13C .50
130 .5 0

2
2

34
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

133.00
133.00

1 3 C . 5 0 1 1 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 4 . CO
1 3 0 . CO 1 1 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 4 . 0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

2
2
_

-

7

-

7

-

-

7
7

4
4

2
2

_

3

3

1
1

-

5
5

1
1

1
1

6
6

6

*

2
2

3
3

4
3

4
2

20
20

12
12

20
20

8
8

5
5

5
5

2
1

6
6

5
5

20
20

3
3

2
2

9
9

4
4

4
4

2
2

7
7

1
1

i
i

5
5

5
5

2
1

3
3

_

_

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

2
2

2
2

5
5

S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
w ee k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T re n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
Average
O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Ave ■ age
O ccupation and in d u stry d ivision

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------

3 8.5

8 7 .0 0

BCCKKEEPINC-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S B ---------------------------------------

3 7.0

8 5 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

18C
159

3 8.5
3 8 .5

112.00
112.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL ASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------

364

3 7.5
3 8 .0

89.00
93 .0 0

3 7 .0

-

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
68
49

3 8.0
3 8.0

$
78.5 0
77.50

703
556
147

39.0
39.0
38.5

1 13.50
114.50
10 9 .5 0

A

28

39.0

S E C R E T A R I F S , C LA SS B
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

125
79
46

3 e .5
3 9 .0
38.5

121.50
1 27.50
1 11.00

FILE,

CLASS

A --------------

SEC RETA RIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------

192
177

39.0
39.5

3 7.5
3 8 .0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

80.5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
1 1 4.00
121.00

C L E R K S , F I L F , C L A S S C -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

105

37

3 7 .5
3 8 .5

352
284
68

3 8.5
3 9.0
3 8.5

1 05.00
1 C 6.00
1 00.00

C L E R K S , ORDER -----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

46
38

3 9.5
3 9 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

199
133

3 9 .0
39.5
3 8 .0

90 .0 0
90 .5 0
89.50

39-0
3 9 .0

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS
MANUFACTURING ---NCNMANUFACTURING

B

99-50
98.0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R
MANUFACTURING -------NCNMANUFACTURING —

11C
82
28

3 9 .0
3 9.5
38.0

99 .5 0
99 .5 0
1 0 0.50

94
76

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

91.5 0
92 .0 0

128
58
70

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

86.50
95.5 0
79.0 0

38
24

38.5
3 9 .0

94 .0 0
101.00

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------SECRETARIES,

CLASS

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS
MANUFACTURING ----------

B -------

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the W orkw eek fo r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 M a y include w o r k e r s oth er than th o se p r e s e n te d s e p a r a t e ly .




CONTINUED

1 21.50
1 21.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING ----

-

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings *
(standard) (standard)

1 29.50

O F F IC E BCYS AND GIRL SMANUFACTURING --------

86 .5 0

CLERKS,

202

Average
Number
of

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

66

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR—R E C E P T I C N I S T S MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

80
50
30

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8 .5

$
9 0 .0 0
93.0 0
8 5 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------- ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

35
28

3 8.0
3 8 .0

86 .5 0
88.5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

n o
37

3 8.0
39 .0

84 .5 0
88.5 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

273
153

3 7.5
3 8 .5

77 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, C L A S S A ---------------------- -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

83
82

3 9 .5
3 9.5

1 8 5 .5 0
1 8 6.00

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS e -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

116
1 13

4 0.0
4G .0

16 6 .0 0
16 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

85
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 5 .5 0
125.50

N U R S E S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

34
33

4 0 .0
4 C .0

133.00
1 33.00

PROFE SSIO NAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

(exclusiv e of pay for o v ertim e at re g u lar a n d /o r p re m iu m

rates),

a n d th e e a r n i n g s

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T re n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
M u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

$
$
%
t
$
$
$
t
*
$
$
$
2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9C 3.00 3.10 3 .20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70

Mean2 Median 2

i
$
t
t
t
*
*
i
t
$ 7
3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4.20 4.30 4.4 C 4.60 4.80 5.00

2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3 .30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

3.90 4.CC 4.10 4. 20 4.30 4.40 4.60 4,80 5.00 over

Under
Middle range2 $
and
2.6C under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MA NUFACTURING ----------------

57
53

$
3.55
3.57

$
3.49
3.62

$
$
3.22- 3.81
3.21- 3.84

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----MA NUFACTURING ---------------

198
188

3.79
3.76

3.81
3.78

3.20- 4.19
3.19- 4.15

_

-

-

-

ENGINEERS, ST ATIONARY --------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

77
66

3.69
3.62

3.54
3.51

3.27- 4.03
3.25- 3.62

1
1

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY ECILER --MA NUFACTURING ---------------

115
11A

3.07
3.08

3.04
3.04

2.e6- 3.17
2.87- 3.17

7
6

2
2

7
7

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRACES —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

45
32

2.94
2.86

2.92
2.86

2.81- 3.12
2.77- 2.94

_

2
2

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

182
170

3.87
3.82

3.85
3.83

3.46- 4.41
3.44- 3.98

_

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------

108
84
79

3.58
3.63
3.63

3.56
3.57
3.57

3.28- 3.75
3.48- 3.75
3.48- 3.75

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

262
259

3.40
3.39

3.36
3.35

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------

90
9C

4.15
4.15

OILERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

33
33

PAINTFKS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------

*

"
“

3
3

3
3

6
6

12
11

“

5
2

1
1

6
6

7
7

4
4

4
4

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

33
33

6
5

10
10

6
6

11
11

2
2

13
13

13
13

22
22

3
3

15
15

1
-

_

-

14
14

-

_

_

3
2

3
3

5
5

11
11

_

1C
1C

17
17

6
6

1
1

_

_

6
i

3
2

_

_

-

-

-

21
21

12
12

23
23

23
23

5
5

5
5

4
4

9
9

10
10

1C
10

1
1

13

_
~

_

_
~

_
“

5
5

26
26

3
3

3
3

14
14

15
15

11
11

30
30

27
27

i
i

_

*

1
~

1
-

8
-

5
1

_
-

16
14
14

-

8
8
8

28
28
26

3
-

27
26
24

_
-

_
*

_
-

1
1
1

1
1
1

10
10

18
18

30
30

54
54

_

24
24

5
5

_

"

-

83
83

10
10

3
3

5
5

2
2

9
9

1
*

_

3
3

-

10
10

4
4

-

-

_

1
1

7
7

_

-

_

_

-

16
16

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
i

-

_

10
1C

_

-

_

_

*

-

3.1C- 3.66
3.1C- 3.66

_

6
6

4.61
4.61

3.74- 4.66
3.74- 4.66

-

-

-

-

~

-

3.08
3.08

2.93
2.93

2.73- 3.54
2.73- 3.54

5
5

11
11

_

34
31

3.66
3.69

3.54
3.56

3.29- 4.42
3.29- 4.43

PIPEFITTERS, MA INTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------

ICC
95

3.88
3.87

3.67
3.67

3.21- 4.64
3.19- 4.64

TOOL AND 0 It M A K E R S --------- —
MANUFACTURING ---------------

241
241

4.33
4.33

4.81
4.81

3.68- 4.87
3.68- 4.87

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
3

_

-

2
1

3
3

3
1

7
7

1
1

1
1

4
4

2
2

16
16

9
9

3
3

5
3

-

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

16
16

3
3

13
13

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .




_

_

-

-

2
-

44
38

-

-

4
-

-

1
1

6
6

6
6

“

5
5

_

_

_

1

3
~

42
35

-

-

_
-

5
5
5

5
-

-

-

2
-

_

_

_

-

_

_

40
40

-

-

-

133
133

_
-

49
49

12
12
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~

13
13

_

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

1
-

_

-

-

2
-

33
33

4
4

18
18

4
4

16
16

_

_

_

_

-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T re n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly e a r n in g s 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

$

$

$

*

s

$

s

$

s

$

s

s

*

s

$

s $ $

*

t

t

*

$

1.6C 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.AO 2.50 2.60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3 . CO 3.1C 3.20 3.3C 3.AO 3.60 3.80 A.CO A . 20

M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge 3

u n d er
1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.1C 2.20 2.30 2 . AO 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3 . AC 3.60 3.8C A.CO A . 20 over

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANU FA CT UR IN G -GUARCS:
MA NUFACTURING

130
120

$
2.73
2.79

$
2.78
2.81

$
$
2.29- 3.1A
2.36- 3.16

26
26

“

93

2.91

2.86

2.A8- 3.61

26

-

-

-

12
12

-

12

-

_
-

2A
2A

-

-

~

~

—

*

-

-

2A

-

-

-

26
26

_

-

_

~

-

WATCHMEN:
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

27

2.A0

2.67

2.13- 2.75

4

-

-

-

1

6

-

-

1

-

3

A7 5
235
240
A1

2.23
2.55
1.93
2.76

2.31
2.53
1.76
2.8A

1.7A2.361.672.65-

2.63
2.69
2.05
2.89

91
2
89
-

63
8
55
-

28
28
“

3
3
~

23
12
11
2

15
12
3

13
9
A
3

33
28
5
1

A3
A1
2
1

29
22
7
3

A9
A7
2
1

20
20

31
8
23
23

3
3
2

2
2
2

3
3
3

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG ------MA NU FACTURING -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

A65
322
1 A3
1A2

2.89
2.68
3.36
3.37

2.86
2.62
3.40
3.A0

2 . AA—
2.3A3.193.19-

3.38
2.88
3.A8
3.A8

-

7
7

-

6
6

57
57

22
22

A7
A7

18
18

10
10

17
17

71
71

2
2

53
13
AC
A0

ii

-

1
1

-

3
2
1

_

-

FILLERS -----------------------

50

2.79

2.70

2.56- 3.13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

5

11

5

-

1

-

18

PACKERS, SH IPPING ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

158
150

2.61
2.65

2.70
2.71

2.38- 2.92
2.5A- 2.92

i
-

7
3

1
-

-

19
19

-

11
11

1
-

5
4

32
32

32
32

_

-

A1
A1

_

-

3
3

RE CEIVING CLERKS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

42
30

2.76
2.85

2.84
3.03

2.48- 3.14
2.56- 3.18

_

-

-

-

-

2

_

e
3

-

2
2

4
2

2
2

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

38
33

2.68
2.67

2.77
2.79

2.27- 2.88
2.26- 2.89

_

1

1

-

SHIPPING AND RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ----MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

A0
35

3.02
3.03

2.95
2.89

-

TR UC KD RI VE RS5 -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4----------- .
--

370
73
297
2A6

3.A8
3.09
3.57
3.58

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TCNS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

53
25

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TCNS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TCNS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------

-

12

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS —
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

-

ORDER

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1
2
3
4
5

-

6

_

1A
1A

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

8
3

9
9

2.73- 3.A9
2.81- 3.A9

1

4
3

5
5

_
-

10
10

3.71
3.05
3.73
3.73

3.1A2 . 8 A—
3.183.19-

3.76
3.57
3.78
3.77

3
3

7
2
5

12
2
10
~

13
13

~

5
4
i
”

3.11
2.78

2.79
2.83

2.66- 3.09
2.56- 3.0A

3
3

5
4

7
2

12
2

4
4

19C
173
151

3.72
3.7A
3.7A

3.75
3.75
3.75

3.72- 3.78
3.73- 3.78
3.73- 3.78

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

9C

3.35

3.17

350
32 A
26

2.95
2.92
3.35

2.86
2.85
3.5A

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

38
72
72

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

5
5

“

-

3
2

8
8

5
5

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

4
4

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

4
3

-

-

5
4

-

11
10

3
3
“

22
17
5
5

64
i
63
63

-

_
-

10
9
i

192
15
177
15A

2A
24
2A

_

_

_

1

1

_

4
4
4

_
“

-

_
-

169
15A
132

52

-

-

-

22

10
8
2

4
i
3

3
3
-

89
79
10

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

3.13- 3.66

7

2.6A- 3.A5
2.62- 3.36
3.19- 3.63

18
17
1

_
-

31
31

A0
37
3

8
7
i

99
99
-

-

~

no

9
9

38
38

*

_

“

3C
3C
3C

“

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h i f t s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e an d typ e of tr u c k o p e r a te d .




6

-

“

-

-

~
-

-

n

-

-

2
2

_

1

"

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

1

-

6
6

-

-

3

7

-

-

3

7

3

7

_

_

“

-

9

-

-

-

_
-

-

15
15
15

-

13
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

__________

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _______________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

92

48

XXX

44

XXX

37V2

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

XXX

92

48

XXX

44

37 */2

40

XXX

XXX

33

23

17

10

4

2

39

24

17

15

5

6

$ 5 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 . . __________ . . ___ ___
$ 6 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _____ __ _________________ _____
$ 6 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 __________________ ___ __ -----$ 6 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____ __ ______________ ______
$ 7 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _ _ ,____ ____
_ — _ —
$ 7 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 00__ __ _________________ ___ ___
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 7 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ______________ _________________
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 8 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ______ _____________________
$ 8 5 . 00 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 8 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 . __ _____
___
_ -----$ 9 0 . 00 i n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ______ ____ _______
_ _
$ 9 2 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 00______ ________ ___________ . .
$ 9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 __________________________________
$ 9 7 . 50 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 _____________________ ____
$ 100. 00 a n d o v e r . __
------------------------_

_
1
1
6
6
9
3
1
1

_
5
5
6
3
-

_
2
4
5
2
-

_
1
1
1
1
-

1
1
9
7
10
3
1
-

_
6
6
4
3
1
-

_
3
4
3
2
1
-

1
1
3
1
6
-

_
1
1
1
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
1
1

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1

-

-

_
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

3
1

3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1

3
1

3
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m ______________

13

6

XXX

7

XXX

XXX

23

12

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y ____________________________ —

46

19

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

30

12

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m — —

-----

---------

-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
3 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s ‘r e p o r t e d .




-

1

-

-

-

-

-

XXX

11

XXX

XXX

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

-

14




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s - b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
T re n to n , N .J ., O c to b e r 1968)
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g « 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
f o r la te s h if ts

L a t e - s h ift p a y p r o v isio n

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift w o rk

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

4 .1

8 2 .8

T o t a l ____________________________________________

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t _______
P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t __________

8 3 .8

1 3 .3

_

_

_

_

1 3 .3

4 .1

8 2 .8

8 3 .8

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
4 5 .8

4 3 .4

7 .6

2 .9

5 c e n ts
6 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n t s __________________________________ _
7 V2 c e n t s __________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________________
9 c e n t s ____________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________
11 c e n t s ________________________ ______ ___
12 c e n t s ___________________________________
14 c e n t s ____ _____________________________
15 c e n t s ________________________________ —
16 c e n t s ___________________________________

8 .7
.9
7 .8
1 .4
1 3 .0
.7
8 .6
1.9
2 .8
-

_

-

1 1 .6
3 .4
1 0 .0
.7
5 .6
6 .1

2 .2
.2
1 .4
.1
2 .3
.1
1 .0
.3
.1
-

.6
,i
.7
(2 )
.1
.9

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

3 7 .1

3 0 .1

5 .8

.5

5 p e r c e n t __ ___ ___________________________
10 p e r c e n t ________ ______________________
15 p e r c e n t _________________________________
2 0 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------

1 3 .8
2 3 .3

2 7 .4
.9
1 .8

2 .4
3 .4
"

.5
"

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

-

5 .0
.9
-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p l u s
c e n t s d i f f e r e n t i a ] ___________________________

-

2 .4

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p l u s
p e r c e n t a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l _____ _________

-

7 .0

_

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___

-

________

-

.4
.1
-

-

-

.7

1.0

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll w o r k e r s _____ ____________________________

100

100

35 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 35 an d u n d e r 3 7 V h o u r s _____ ____________
2
3 7 V h o u r s _______ _______ ____ —__________________
2
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s __________________
40 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 40 h o u r s _____________________________________

2

2

2

-

-

6

-

2

1

2

84
3

91
3

100

1
2
3
4
5

100

-

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100
12
7
30
7
44
(5 )

M a n u fa c tu r in g

100
6
1
41
5
46
(5 )

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to ! w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100
65
_

2

34

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________ _____ ____
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

1

“

'

■

-

-

_

9
5
1
11
1
5
43
5
3
(4 )
17
(4 )

3
6
2
10
1
9
55
8
4
1
_
1

3
_
4
_
_
65
_

(4 )
17
17
20
25
74
75
87
91
100

1
1
1
5
13
77
78
90
97
100

_
27
27
27
27
92
92
97
97
100

N um ber of days
6 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
8 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
9 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________ _________ ____ __________
10 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
11 h o lid a y s ........... ......................... .......................... .................
12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
1 3 h o lid a y s ________________________________________

14
13
1
18
2
5
28
12
(4 )
1
4
2

6
13
2
19
3
7
32
16
(4 )
1

-

19
30
-

2

51
“

2
2
3
3
20
58
61
81
94
100

51
51
51
51
81
81
100
100
100

-

_

_
27
-

T o t a l h o lid a y t i m e 5
13 d a y s ____________________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e _______ __________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
IOV2 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____ ________ _____________ ____ ___
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __ _____ ________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________ ____ _____________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______ ____________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______ ___ ________________________

1
2
3
4
5
a n d no

2
6
6
6
18
51
53
72
85
99

-

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll
h a lf d a y s , 8 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t io n s th e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




days

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
84
16

100
77
23

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

"

"

-

-

13
20
6
-

A ll w o r k e r s —---------------------------------------- ----

15
20
_

4
68
7
9

2
82
5
-

74
20
-

71
5
16
1
7

77
7
12
2
3

12
( 6)
86
.
1

9
(6)
91

6
91

46
16
29
1
8

53
22
21
2
3

6
1
74
18

5
2
65
28

94
2

8
25
57
1
8

9
35
51
2
3

3
1
75
3
19

1
2
65
4
28

3
.
94
2

8
23
60
1
8

9
31
55
2
3

3
1
75
3
19

1
2
65
4
28

94

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s _
- - —
L e n g th - o f- tim e p a y m e n t
__
_
_ —
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t__
O th e r . . .
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id v a c a t io n s
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ____
1 w ee k _
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w eeks __

-

_
53
28
*

.

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _ _ t ___
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k sO v e r 2 a n d "unde r 3 w e e k s 3 w eeks _

-

19
_
58
-

23

-

-

(6)

2

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k -------------------------- ——— — — ------------- ---- —
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w eeks O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s - — . ----- ----------- ------3 w e e k s ______________________ _____________ ______—

11
-

66
23

4
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s _______________________________________ ___ —
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

7
_
70
-

23

A fte r 4 y e a r s of se r v ic e
1 w eek—
O v er 1 an d u n d er 2 w ee k s
2 w eeks
O v er 2 an d u n d er 3 w ee k s
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

See footnotes at end of table.




7
-

70
-

23

3
-

2

18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
w ee k _______________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __
____ _ _ __
2 w peks
____ ...
_
_
O v er 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s . .
3 w eek s.
_
__
. __ _ _ _ _ _
1

_

3
2
73
6
16

2
3
80
9
7

7
70
23

2
1
64
4
29

1
59
( 6)
40

1
22
18
55
5

_
20
25
53
1

_
4
96
-

2
21
9
45
3
21

10
8
44
4
34

1
16
18
58
2
5

_
13
25
56
4
1

_
4
96
-

2
19
8
46
3
21

_
8
7
46
5
34

1
13
1
65
8
12

_
10
2
67
11
10

_
92

( 6)
6
60
3
31

_
2
_
46
5
47

1
13
1
31
2
50
2

_
10
2
36
3
46
3

( 6)
6
29
( 6)
60
4

2
_
18
1
73
7

1
13
1
20
5
51
3
6

10
2
21
7
49
5
6

-

(6)
6

2

-

-

-

-

10
4
70
2
8

3
6
76
3
10

3
_
94
2

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _ _____ ___ __
_____
________
2 w eeks
_
__ —
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s
___ _
3 w eeks _ _
__
_— ____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________________ _
4 w e e k s ___
. ____ — ____ ___ __ „ _

3
(6)
96

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _____________ — ---------- ----- ------------ _
2 w e e k s . _ __ __ __ __ ____ ___ __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ______________ __ ___________ ____ _
____ __ _____ __
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s .
4 w e e k s ________
___ __ _______ __ ____

-

3
(6)
96
_
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ _________________________
______ ___
2 w e e k s __ _ ____ _ __ _ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______ __ __ __
3 w eeks _
__
_ _ _ _ _ _ _
___ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s . _____
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

8

3
_
_
94
_
3

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w peks
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s .
__ ___ __ ____
3 w e e k s ___ _____
_ --------------- ---------- —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ ______
_ .
4 w e e k s ___ _____________ __________ __________ ____
5 w e e k s . _______ ___ ______ __ ____ ___ ____ _ _

-

100
“

.

3
_
_
7
_
90
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k ______________ ______ ________ — — _
2 w e e k s _ ____ __ _______ ______ _ ______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________
____ _
3 w e e k s ____ _____ ______________________________ —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________________ ___
4 w e e k s ___________ ___ _______________________ ___
O v e r '4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s . _
_ _ ____

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le .




_

_

93
7

.

3
_
7
_
88
2

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 5--- C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _______ _____ __ —
_
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s - - - - - —
3 w ee k s— _ _ _ —
_
----_ _ _
______ —
O v er 3 an d u n d er 4 w ee k s 4 w e e k s ____ ________ ________________ __ ———.—------—
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _____________________ —
5 w e e k s_
_
- - - - —
6 w e e k s _________________________________________ —

i
13
1
20
5
49
3
8
*

10
2
21
7
46
5
9
-

_
93
7
-

1
13
1
20
5
49
3
8
.

10
2
21
7
46
5
9
_

_
93
_
7

( 6)
6
10
4
69
2
8
1

2
3
6
75
3
9
2

( 6)
6
10
4
69
2
8
( 6)
1

2
3
6
75
3
9
1
1

3
7
88
2
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i la b le
1 w ee k —
- - — 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v er 2 an d u n d er 3 w e e k s .
. - __
__
— __
__ ___
3 w e e k s—
- _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____ ________ ___ _______
4 w e e k s _ — ________ ___
______
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s
5 w eek s__
____ — _
_
_
6 w e e k s ___ _______ ________________ ____ _________ ___
O v e r 6 w e e k s — ____
_ -

_

_

_

3
_

_
7
_
88
2
“

I n c lu d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s
of se r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
of
a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r
p ro g re ssio n .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l ig i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s * p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 T r e n t o n , N . J . , O c to b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ___________

O ffic e w o r k e r s
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e ______________________ ________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5__________________________

94

99

100

97

99

100

55

57

65

52

43

80

59

59

88

86

90

99

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e ( fu ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ______________________ ___
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ____________________ ___

51

57

58

42

52

24

11

8

28

66

82

29

4

1

30

9

-

65

H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e _________ _________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________

96
96

100
100
88

100
100
100

100
100

100
100
100

29
93

88

95
95
93
82
94

1
2
3
4
5

86

31
87

70

95
78
97

93
87

I n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




21

Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, T r e n to n , N . J . , O c to b e r 19 6 8 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A l l w o r k e r s _____

~

~

___

___

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100
73
1
72

100
82
2
80

100
86
(5 )
86

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

77
65
32
32

69
68
35
33

100
100
42
58

15

13

58

12

5

67

14

17

_

51

64

_

4
12
23
13
11
2
9

3
1
31
18
15
3
13
8
6
“

_
-

9
27
-

10
18
_

18
14
-

90
7
2

92
8
-

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a i d tim e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y . . _____ . ______ . . ____
S in g le r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s __________ _____ ___________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e __ _____ ___________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v ie w ____ ____
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y
P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e th o d s
P ie c e ra te
___
_____ _____
. . . . ____
I n d iv id u a l__
___
__ __ _________
G ro u p .
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s _______ —
... ___
I n d iv id u a l__ __
___
_ _____
G r o u p ______ . . _____
______ ______
_
C o m m i s s i o n ------------------------------------------------

6

4
1

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

-

F req u en cy of w age paym ent
W ee k ly
B iw e e k ly ___________________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly
M o n th ly _

1
2
3
4
5

89
9
2
(5 )

-

-

39
40
20
1

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e I n tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




30
45
25
-

79
21
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w p r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t io n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e of m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c ., w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y of n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c ., w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o lv e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s an d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a rd ty p e s of s a l e s an d c r e d it s l ip s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tra n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g an d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; an d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f il e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r~ ~ partly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s ro u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d m a y f i l l o ut w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in an d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l ly .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o ut a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a ta on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t io n s . T h is
jo b i s no t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c i p le s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

22

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s an d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e it e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

23
K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rkin g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u i r e lit t le o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s it u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r su b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 000 p e r s o n s .

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ’ s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ’ s c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s no t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
ro u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e not t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a i l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e n o t c o n s id e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f in i t io n s .

C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , t o th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m o n e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r . s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e o f
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; an d a th o r o u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o rk flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

C la ss A

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) of a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a . S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
in t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

24
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile a t
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R I B I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s ^ c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s no t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk a n d p r o d u c tiq n o f a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f so m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y an d d o s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l la b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t an d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r cle & r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , an d p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o je c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a tio n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s an d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R I A L (R E G I S T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , an d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

25
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d
t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u to m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s o n a fu ll- tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t of th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e le c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
an d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i j s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; an d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e , th e
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y g u n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g t o l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s,; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts an d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e ls , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f




26
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d i n s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
G U A R D AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n ts o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s of tr a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f il e s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r; ch arw om an ; ja n it r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; an d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , sh o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u t ie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
excluded.

O RD ER,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

R e c e iv in g - c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p .e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (1V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e)
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
t r a n s p o r t g o o d s an d
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s f o llo w s :
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e ei g h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn ey s, c h e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s of office
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1585, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , Jun e 1967.
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts D ivisions of the Department of Labor is available on request.
Bulletins m ay be purchased fro m
the Superintendent of Docum ents, U .S . Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D. C . , 20402, or fro m any of the BLS regional sales o ffices shown on
the inside front c o v er.

A rea

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, July 1 9 6 8 ------ ------------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 -8 4 ,
Albany—
Schenectady—T roy, N. Y . , A p r. 1968 1_________ 1 5 7 5 -6 8 ,
Albuquerque, N. M ex. , A p r. 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -5 8 ,
Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, P a .— J. ,
N.
June 1968 1__________________________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -8 6 ,
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1968 1----------------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -7 1 ,
B altim ore, Md. , Oct. 1967________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -1 8 ,
Beaumont—Port Arthur—
Orange, T e x ., May 1968 1 ------ 1 5 7 5 -7 5 ,
Binghamton, N. Y . , July 1968 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 2 5 -3 ,
Birm ingham , A l a ., A p r. 1968____________________________ 1 5 7 5 -5 9 ,
B oise City, Idaho, July 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________ 1 6 2 5 -6 ,
B oston, M a s s ., Sept. 1 9 6 8 * ---------------------------------------------- 1 6 2 5 -1 5 ,
Buffalo, N. Y . , D ec. 1967__________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -4 1 ,
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -4 8 ,
Canton, Ohio, June 1968 1---------------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -6 5 ,
C harleston, W . V a. , A p r. 1 9 6 8 1_________________________ 1 5 7 5 -6 3 ,
Charlotte, N . C . , A p r. 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 -5 7 ,
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1968 * __________________ 1 6 2 5 -1 4 ,
Chicago, 111., A p r. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -8 1 ,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M ar. 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -6 2 ,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1967------------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 -1 4 ,
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1967------------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -2 3 ,
D allas, T e x ., Nov. 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -2 0 ,
Davenport—
Rock Island—M oline, Iowa—
111. ,
Oct. 1 9 6 8 ___________________________________________________ 1 6 2 5 -1 6 ,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1 9 6 8 1---------------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -5 1 ,
Denver, C olo. , D ec. 1967 1 _______________________________ 1 5 7 5 -3 8 ,
_
Des M oines, Iowa, F eb . 1 9 6 8 * _ _________________________ 1 5 7 5 -5 2 ,
D etroit, M ic h ., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________ 1 5 7 5 -4 5 ,
F ort Worth, T ex. , Nov. 1967_____________________________ 1 5 7 5 -2 2 ,
Green Bay, W is. , July 1968 1_____________________________ 1 6 2 5 -7 ,
G reen ville, S . C . , May 1 9 6 8 * _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 -6 6 ,
Houston, T e x ., June 1 9 6 8 * ________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -8 2 ,
Indianapolis, In d ., D ec. 1967 * ------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 -3 6 ,
Jackson, M i s s ., F eb . 1968 1---------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -4 9 ,
Jacksonville, F la . , Jan. 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -3 3 ,
Kansas City, M o .- K a n s ,, Sept. 1968 1 ---------------------------- 1 6 2 5 -1 7 ,
Lawrence— averhill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1 9 6 8 * ------------ 1 5 7 5 -7 4 ,
H
N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., July 1968 1--------- 1 6 2 5 -1 1 ,
Los A n geles—Long Beach and Anaheim —
Santa A n a Garden G rove, C alif. , M ar. 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -6 4 ,
L ou isville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1968_________________ ________ 157 5 -5 0 ,
Lubbock, T ex. , June 1968 1 _______________________________ 1 5 7 5 -7 7 ,
M anchester, N. H. , July 1968 1___________________________
1 6 2 5 -4 ,
M em phis, Tenn. — rk . , Jan. 1968 1---------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -3 2 ,
A
M iam i, F la . , D ec. 1967 1__________________________________ 1 5 7 5 -2 8 ,
Midland and O dessa, T e x ., June 1968 1 --------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -7 2 ,
Milwaukee, W is . , A p r . 1968---------------------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 -6 7 ,

St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1 9 6 8 -----------------------35 cents M inneapolis—
30 cents Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, M ic h ., May 1 9 6 8 * --------30 cents Newark and J ersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1 9 6 8 * ------------------New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1968 1 ---------------------------- -----------40 cents New O rlean s, La. , F eb . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------ -----35 cents New York, N. Y . , A p r. 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
25 cents Norfolk—Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------------- -30 cents
35 cents Oklahoma City, Okla. , July 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------30 cents Omaha, N eb r. —Iowa, O ct. 1967 1 -------------------------------------C
35 cents Paterson— lifto n -P a s s a ic , N. J. , May 1968 1 ---------------N
50 cents Philadelphia, P a . — . J. , Nov. 1967 1------------------------------30 cents Phoenix, A r iz . , M a r. 1968 1---------------------------------------------20 cents Pittsburgh,'- Pa. , Jan. 1968___________________________ ____
30 cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1967 1_____________________________
30 cents Portland, O reg. —W ash. , May 1968 1_____________________
30 cents Providence—Pawtucket—W arw ick, R. I. —M a ss. ,
35 cents
May 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------50cents Raleigh, N. C. , Aug. 1968 1 ----------------------------------- — -------30 cents Richmond, V a . , Nov. 1967 1 --------------------------------------- -----25 cents R o ch ester, N .Y . (office occupations only), July 1968 l „
25 cents Rockford, 111. , May 1 9 6 8 * _________________________________
111. , Jan. 1968---------------------------------- ——
25 cents St. L ou is, M o. —
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec . 1 9 6 7 __________________________
30cents San Antonio, T ex. , June 1968--------------------------------------------River side—Ontario, C alif. ,
30 cents San Bernardino—
25cents
30 cents San D iego, C a lif. , Nov. 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------Oakland, C a lif. , Jan. 1968--------------------35cents San F ran cisco —
25cents San Jose, C a lif. , Sept. 1967 1 --------------------------- -- ------------35 cents Savannah, Ga. , May 1968 1 ------------------------------------------------30 cents Scranton, Pa. , July 1968 1-------------------------------------------------E
45 cents Seattle— v erett, W ash. , Nov. 1967 1 ------------------------------30 cents Sioux F a lls , S. Dak. , O ct. 1967 1 ----------------------------------- 30 cents South Bend, Ind. , M a r. 1968 1-------------------------------------------20 cents Spokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------------45 cents Syracu se, N. Y . , July 1968 1 ----------------------------- — -----------St. P etersb u rg, F la . , Aug. 1 9 6 8 ----------------------30 cents Tampa—
M
35 cents Toledo, Ohio— ich. , Feb. 1968___________________________
Trenton, N. J. , O ct. 1968 ‘ --------------------------------30 cents Utica—R o m e, N. Y. , July 1968 1 ----------------------------------------30 cents Washington, D. C. —Md. —V a. , Sept. 1 9 6 7 -----------------------30 cents W aterbury, Conn. , A p r . 1968 1 ----------------------------------------35cents W aterloo, Iowa, N ov. 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------------------25 cents Wichita, Kans. , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ________________________ ________
25 cents W o r c e ste r, M a ss. , June 1968 1 ------------— -------- —------------30 cents York, Pa. , Feb. 1968 1-------------------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1967 1 -------------------------W
30 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and price
1 5 7 5 -4 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 8 ,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 5 7 5 -8 5 ,
1 6 2 5 -9 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -8 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 4 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -8 0 ,

30
30
25
40
30
30
30
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 5 7 5 -6 1 ,
1 6 2 5 -1 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 7 ,
1 6 2 5 -2 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -6 9 ,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 5 7 5 -1 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 3 ,
1 6 2 5 -1 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 9 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 9 ,
1 6 2 5 -5 ,
1 6 2 5 -1 0 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 3 ,
1 6 2 5 -1 8 ,
1 6 2 5 -1 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -5 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 1 ,
1 5 7 5 -7 6 ,
1 5 7 5 -4 2 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 5 ,

30
20
25
25
30
35
25
25
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
25
30
20
20
30
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S I N ESS

U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

r

n

i FIRST CLASS MAIL '

i_________________________i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102