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JAN.2 Z 1868

Area Wage*6«»rctt£.y
u *~

The Raleigh, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area
August 1968

B u lle tin No. 1 6 2 5 -1 3




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
Region II
1603-B Federal Building
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 970-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7716 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, 111. 60604
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816).

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3616 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Raleigh, North Carolina, Metropolitan Area




August 1968

Bulletin No. 1625-13
December 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 35 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ield s d e tailed d ata b y s e le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n fo r each
of the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le t io n of a l l of the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o li t a n
a r e a s s tu d ie d into one b u lle tin . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo rm a tio n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a t o r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e
U n ited S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c lu d e d in the p r o ­
g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d
su p p le m e n ta r y w ag e p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in
R a l e i g h , N .C . , in A u g u s t 1968. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y the B u r e a u of the B u d g e t
th rou gh J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s of W ake County. T h is study
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f ic e in P h i l a ­
d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f I r w i n L .
F e ig e n b au m , A s s is t a n t R egio n al D ir e c to r fo r O p eratio n s.




I n t r o d u c t i o n _____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________

1
5

T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e of s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ________________________________________________________
In dexes of sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and str a ig h t-tim e
h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s, and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________

4

6

10
11
12

E sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ---B - 2 . S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________________________
B - 3 . S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________

13
14
15

B-5.
B - 6.
B -7.

B.

O c c u p atio n a l e a r n in g s ;*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n _______________
m
A -3 . O ffice, p r o fe s s io n a l, and tec h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____ ________

P a i d v a c a t i o n s __________________________________________________
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _______________________
M ethod of w a g e d e te r m in a tio n and fre q u e n c y of p a y m en t_

17
20'
21

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _______________________________________

22

A p pen d ix.

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u latio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r other
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r.)

U n io n s c a l e s ,
the R a l e i g h a r e a ,
str u c tio n ; p rin tin g ;
m otortruck d riv e rs,

i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
a r e a l s o a v a ila b le fo r building c o n ­
lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s; and
h e lp e r s , and a llie d o ccu p a tio n s.

7
9




Area Wage Survey---The Raleigh, N.C., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 of 90 in w h ich the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s conducts s u r v e y s of o ccu pation al e arn in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s of B u r e a u f ie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
fa c tu rin g ; t r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in d u stry g ro u p s exclu d ed fr o m th e se stu d ie s a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n an d e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y t e n d t o f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in t h e
o c c u p a tip n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a te tab u latio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h of the b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b li­
cation c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p atio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ir e d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu siv e of p a y
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s fo r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h av e b e e n ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p re se n ted re fle c t com p o site, areaw id e e s ti­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y le v e l an d jo b
sta ffin g an d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d if fe r e n t ly to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b ..
The p a y r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in ab le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y of th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s sh o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s i n p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y
c o n t r i b u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e :
D iffe r­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a i d in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , alth o u gh th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e ly
w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n of
l a r g e th a n of s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e giv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t.
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p atio n s and E a r n in g s
The o ccu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r stud y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
of m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of the
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t of jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t of in te r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a fo llo w in g
the jo b t it l e s a r e f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a ta fo r s o m e
of the o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a t a t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
of in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e of the stu d y and not th e n u m b e r
actu ally su rv ey ed.
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e only to in d ica te
the r e l a t i v e im p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d ata.
E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w ag e p r o v is io n s a s they
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
r e la t e to p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e u t iliz e d
in 91 areas at die request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk fo rc e a r e exclu ded.
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e
partment of Labor.




1

2
w o rk in g f o r e m e n an d a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g l e a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c tio n s.
"O ffice w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s an d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ctio n s.
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u te m e n a r e
e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (tab le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e of the o p t im u m
s a m p l in g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , an d the p r o b a b i li t y th at l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to h av e f o r m a l e n tra n c e r a t e s fo r w o r k e r s
a b o v e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the t a b le i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plan t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p l a n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d i n t e r m s
of w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t the t im e of the
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , t h e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
t h e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n w h i c h s o m e
la te - sh ift h o u rs a r e p aid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe ren tial w a s r e c o r d e d
o n l y i f it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y o f t h e s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p l y i n g t o
a l l of the p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s of th a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed uled
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ich f u l l - t i m e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e c te d to
w o rk , w hether th ey w e r e p a id fo r at s tr a ig h t- tim e o r o v e r tim e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s; p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth , in su r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p lan s; and freq u en cy of w age paym en t (tab les B - 4 through B -7)
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s th at t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a ll
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y of s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
S u m s of in d iv id u al
i t e m s i n t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 7 m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f
ro u n d ing.

D a t a on p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d t o d a t a o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a l l y o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
i n w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid ay s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d t h e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir st

p a r t of the p a id h o lid a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of w h ole a n d h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . The s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h ole an d h a lf
h o lid a y s to show t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v i s io n s .
It i s n o t i n t e n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r tio n of w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f it s . P r o v i s i o n s of a n e s t a b li s h m e n t f o r a ll le n g th s of s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a ll p lan t o r o ffic e , w o r k e r s of the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s of len gth of s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
oth er than a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t of 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s the e q u i v ­
ale n t of 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s p la n s and
t h o s e w hich o ffe r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits b eyo n d b a s i c
p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .

D a t a on h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) in ­
clu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t of the
c o s t . S u c h p la n s in clu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it te n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v id e d t h r o u g h a union fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
t h e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a f u n d s e t a s i d e
fo r th is p u r p o se .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d to h ave a p la n
if the m a j o r i t y of e m p l o y e e s w a s e l ig ib le to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r the
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e r e r e q u ir e d to c o n trib u te t o w a r d the c o s t of the p la n .
Le­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u rity , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t w e r e ex c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th at typ e of
in su r a n c e u n d e r w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d d u rin g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d is a b ilit y .
In form ation is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll su c h p la n s to w hich the e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s .
How­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h ich h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d is a b ilit y in su r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s,
p lan s
a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y i f t h e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e t h a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s t h e e m p l o y e e w i t h b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d t h e
r e q u ir e m e n t s of the law .
T a b u la t io n s of p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 4 w hich p r o v id e fu ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n of the
w o r k e r 's pay du rin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o rk b e c a u s e of i l l n e s s .
Sep arate
t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g t o (1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a itin g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n of th e p r o p o r t i o n s
of w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted to ta l is show n of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e
e ith e r o r both t y p e s of b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s w hich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s an d i n ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e of h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , an d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l
p a y m en t of d o c t o r s 1 f e e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a t io n s o r th ey m a y
be p a id f o r b y the e m p lo y e r out of a fund s e t a s i d e f o r t h is p u r p o s e .
T a b u la tio n s of r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o s e p la n s
th at p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r of the w o r k e r 's life .
M e t h o d of w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n ( t a b l e B - 7 ) r e l a t e s t o b a s i c
ty p e s of r a te s tr u c tu r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n d er v a r io u s tim e and in ­
ce n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a sin g le r a te s t r u c t u r e the s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r i e n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n i n d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y be p a id a b o v e o r b elow the s in g le r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , but s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s the m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a te p a id e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r the s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t io n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on the
m e th o d of p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h the r a n g e . In the a b s e n c e of a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , the q u a lific a t io n s of the in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m in e
the p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t io n on t y p e s of in c e n t iv e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e of the low in c id e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f ic e
w orkers.
U n der a p ie c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e te r m in e d r a te is p aid
f o r e a c h unit of o u tpu t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d on p r o d u c t io n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p le t io n of a jo b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t im e .
Com ­
p e n s a t io n on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e of v a lu e of s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a tio n of a s ta te d s a l a r y
plu s a p e rce n ta g e .

tab le

D ata
B-7.

on

frequency

of w ag e

paym ent

also

are

p rovid ed

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S t u d i e d i n R a l e i g h , N . C . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 A u g u s t 1 9 6 8
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u str y d iv isio n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y ’

S tu d ie d
S tu d ie d

T o ta l4
P la n t
N um ber

A ll d iv i s i o n s —
M a n u f a c t u r i n g 5 ____ — - ________
_
_ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _
_
— _____ _ _____ ___
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i li t ie s 6 _
__ __ _ _
_
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _________________________________ _
R e t a i l t r a d e . _____ _______ ___ _____ . .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _________
_ ___
S e r v i c e s 9________________________ ______ _

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

_

145

82

2 4 ,1 0 0

10 0

1 4 ,5 0 0

4 ,4 0 0

1 7 ,6 8 0

50
-

49
96

30
52

1 0 ,5 0 0
1 3 ,6 0 0

43
57

7 ,5 0 0
7, 000

900
3, 500

7 ,5 2 0
1 0 , 160

50
50
50
50
50

15
19
34
17
11

12
9
14
10
7

3 ,8 0 0
1 ,4 0 0
4 ,3 0 0
3 , 000
1 , 10 0

16
6
18
13
4

1 ,9 0 0

600

3, 520
720
2, 900
2 , 190
830

( 7)
( 7)
(8 )
( 7)

■

( 7)
( 7)
( 7)
( 7)

1 T h e R a l e i g h S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f W a k e C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s
s h o w n in t h i s t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d i n t h e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s
o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 6 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w it h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o ffic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T h e s c o p e o f t h is s u r v e y i s n o t c o m p a r a b l e to th e y e a r e a r l i e r s t u d y w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t ly
in c lu d e d 1 l a r g e m a n u f a c t u r in g e s t a b li s h m e n t lo c a t e d o u t s id e
th e S t a n d a r d . M e t r o p o lit a n
S ta tistic a l A re a .
6 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
7 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " i n t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e
p re se n ta tio n
of
d a ta
fo r th is d iv isio n i s n ot m a d e fo r
o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p l o y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) t h e
n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
8 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m
th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r 1 o r m o r e o f t h e r e a s o n s g i v e n i n f o o t n o t e 7 a b o v e .
9 H o t e ls an d m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e lig io u s an d c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); an d e n g in e e rin g an d a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




O v e r t w o - f i f t h s o f t h e w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in t h e R a l e i g h a r e a w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s an d
s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

In d u stry g ro u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s _____________________________ 33
F o o d p r o d u c t s _______________________ 17
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ---------------- 12
A p p a r e l an d o th e r te x tile
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g --------

7
6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____
E le c t r ic t e s t an d d istr ib u tin g
e q u i p m e n t _______________________
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts an d
a c c e s s o r i e s _____________________
T e x tile fin is h in g , e x c e p t
M e a t p r o d u c t s ____________________

11
11
7

6

T h is in fo r m a tio n i s b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s m a y
d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

sam

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r t h e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts.
Th e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.

P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s a t a g iv e n t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r io d (d a te of the a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u l y I9 6 0 an d Ju n e 1961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to th e
d a te of the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n the in d ic a te d d a t e s .
These estim a te s a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n ot i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

L im itatio n s

of D ata

M ethod of C o m p u tin g
E a c h of the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te e m p lo y m e n t
in the o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e se c o n stan t w eigh ts r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em ploy m en ts w h erev er p o ssib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) e a r n in g s fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t ip l ie d b y the o c c u p a t io n a l w eig h t, a n d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e i n d e x
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y t h e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n ext s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d co n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (co m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x .
A v e ra g e e arn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e w a g e t r e n d s :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Continued
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
Machinists
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (autom otive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Tabulating-m achine operators,
Pipefitters
Clerics, order
class B
Clerics, payroll
Tool and die makers
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
A and B
Industrial nurses (men and women):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls
Laborers, m aterial handling




5

The in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of ch a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y a n d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , a n d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e sta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
Sim ilarly , w ages
m a y h av e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p ay
for o v e rtim e .
W h ere n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n t h e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k l y S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r l y E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t i o n a l G r o u p s in
R a l e i g h , N .C . , A u g u s t 1968 an d A u g u s t 1967, an d P e r c e n t s of I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In dexes
(S e p te m b er 1960=100)

In d u stry and o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p
A u g u s t 1968

A ll in d u str ie s:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en )—
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ____________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _______ __
M an u factu rin g:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
In d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m en and w o m en )_
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ---------------U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) __________________

140.0

(2)

A u g u s t 1967

1 131.3

A u g u s t 1967
tc
A u g u s t 1968

S e p te m b e r iy 6 6
to
A u g u st 1967

5 .0

(2)

3.9
4 .4

6.3
5.0

(2)
( )
(2)

(2)
(?)
(2)

5.2
3 9 .4

n
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)
0
(2)

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------ 1 ___________________ _ _-__________ __ __
_
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ---- ______ -_____________ __ ___ _____ ___ ____
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ).
_
___
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) _ ----------- -----M anuf a ctu r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) _____ ______ ______ - ______ _______ —______
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) __
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) __ ________
U n s k i l l e d p l a n t ( m e n ) ------------------

4.8

*2 .9

,
(2)
1 1 26.8
131.3

129.3

S e p t e m b e r 1964
to
S e p t e m b e r 1965

(2)

133.4
143.6

138.9

S e p t e m b e r 1965
to
S e p t e m b e r 1966

6.7

, (2)
1 4 .2
3 8 .0

,

1
located
2
3
betw een

P e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e

(2)

7.4

3.8

5.9

6.2

S e p t e m b e r 1963
to
S e p t e m b e r 1964

S e p t e m b e r 1962
to
S e p t e m b e r 1963

S e p t e m b e r 1961
to
S e p t e m b e r 1962

S e p t e m b e r 1960
to
S e p t e m b e r 1961

2.4

2.7

4.6

5.4

(2)

(2)

(2)

(2)

2.7
2.7

1 .2
3.2

4 .7
2 .1

1 .4
2 .6

(2)
(?)
(2)

3.3

3.1

4 .0

(?)
(2)

(?)
(2)

(2)
(2)

2.0

2.1

2.3

3.9

R ev ised e stim a te.
P r e v i o u s l y p u b lish e d e s t i m a t e s in a d v e r te n tly in clu d e d A u g u st 1967 d a ta fo r 1 l a r g e m a n u fa c tu r in g e s t a b lis h m e n t
o u tsid e the S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a .
D a ta do not m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .
In a d d i t i o n t o g e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e s , t h i s i n c r e a s e r e f l e c t s a m e n d m e n t s t o t h e F a i r L a b o r S t a n d a r d s A c t a n d c h a n g e s in e m p l o y m e n t
h ig h - and lo w -w a g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .




7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e rag e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv isio n , R a le ig h , N .C ., A u gu st 1968)
W
ee(ljtendard"g'

,
. J
. ,
Sex, occupation, and i ndustry di vision

Nu™b*r
«•
w oikers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

A
v«„ge -------- -------- ------------------------- *----- 1----- 1----- 1----- i ----- i----- i ----- i ----- S----- *----- 1----- i----- 1----- 5----- i----- 1----- 5----- i----- 1---„

w eek ly

houn*

i^ n ^ a rd )

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

.

U nder
$

55

55

50

65

_

_

65

an d

70

70

75

_

80

_

85

_

90

_

95

_

100

_

105

_

_

110

_

115

_

120

_

125

_

130

135

140

_

_

_

135

140

145

_

145

u nder

____________________________________________________________________________________________________ 60

75

80

-

85

_
-

90

95

100

105

2
2

2
2

2
2

_
-

7
3
4

4

8

110

115

120

125

130

150

HEN
$

$

$

$

•
LERKS a ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------HANUFACTURI N S ----------------------------------N0NMA NUFACTURI NG-----------------------------

35
15
20

3 9 . 0 11 4. 00 1 1 2 . 5 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 3 2 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 1 1 5. 00 1 1 7 . 5 0 1 0 3 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0
3 8 . 5 113. 00 1 1 1 . 0 0 1 0 1 . 5 0 - 1 3 3 . 0 0

_
-

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------

15

40. 0 91.50

-

-

OFFI CE B O Y S --------------------------------------------N0NMA NUFACTURI N G -----------------------------

20
19

3 9. 0
3 9. 0

76 . 5 0
77.00

92.50
69.50
70.00

9 0 . 0 0 - 95 . 0 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 6. 00
6 6 . 5 0 - 86. 50

-

_
-

-

.
-

-

-

4
3

-

7
7

-

-

2

-

2

2

2

3

3

-

-

-

-

4
2
2
2

-

1

1

2
2

-

2

2

2
1

-

1

4

-

-

-

5

1
1

-

1

2

1
1
-

-

2

-

-

1

1
3
-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W0MEN
B I L L E R S , HACHINE ( B I L L I NG
H A C H I N E I ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

17
16

3 9. 5 7 9 . 5 0
39.5 79.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

37
26

40.0
40.0

C L E RK S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUF ACTURI N S ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

76
22
54

C L ERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

140
36
104

C L ERKS, P A Y R O L L ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

26
15

83 . 0 0
81 . 5 0

8 1 . 5 0 7 7 . 5 0 - 84. 00
8 2. 00 7 8 . 0 0 - 8 4. 00

-

3 8. 5 9 2 . 0 0
40. 0 95.50
38. 0 91.00

91.00 82.50- 101.50
92.50 87.00- 104.50
91. 00 7 7 . 0 0- 99.00

-

-

3 8. 5
3 9. 0
38.5

7 9 . 0 0 7 3 . 0 0 - 84. 50
80. 50 7 3 . 0 0- 85.00
7 8 . 5 0 7 3 . 0 0 - 8 4. 50

-

-

86.00
101. 00

78.50-102.00
85.00-105.00

-

-

80.00

7 2 . 0 0 - 86.00

3 9. 5 8 8 . 5 0
39.0 95.50

COMPTOMETER OPE RATORS -------------------------

23

40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------NONMA NUFACTURI NG-----------------------------

94
80

39.0 92.00
3 9. 0 9 2 . 0 0

92. 50 8 5. 50- 99.00
9 2 . 5 0 8 5 . 5 0 - 98 . 5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------NONMA NUFACTURI N G -----------------------------

78
60

39.5 80.00
3 9. 5 8 0 . 0 0

78. 50 7 3 . 0 0 - 85.00
78.00 7 2 . 5 0 - 85.50

16

S EC RE TARI ES 3-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S ' * -------------------------

267
63
204
41

39. 5 1 0 0. 50
4 0 . 0 10 6. 00
3 9. 5
99.00
4 0 . 0 1 1 6. 00

S EC RETARI ES, CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

24
15

3 9 . 5 10 3. 50
3 9 . 5 1 02. 00

S EC RETARI ES, CLASS B ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- -----------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S 4-------------------------

45
33
16




37.5

79.50

OFFI CE G I R L S -------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .

-

7 3 . 0 0 - 9 3. 00
7 1 . 5 0 - 93 . 0 0

79 . 5 0
80 . 0 0
79.50

85.50
85.50

-

68.00

64.00

3
3

-

-

3
3
-

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

11
3

9

3

12

-

-

4
-

l

1

8
6

4

2

34

7
2

5

4
2

3

5

-

6

6

6

4
-

3 9. 5 1 05. 50 10 4. 00 8 8 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . 0 0
39. 5 1 08. 50 10 8. 50 8 9 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 1 20. 00 1 2 6 . 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0 - 1 3 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

7
2

5
5

3

3

-

1
1

11
7

-

6
4
1 3
5 1

3

-

-

2
-

7
!

1
!

1

1
-

2

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

3
126
1

5

8

-

2

1

-2

2

-

-

-

2

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19

17

6

5

8

1

11
1

5

18
12
4

14
7

9
6

3

6

3

7

1

2

2

2

-

-

-

2

-

2

3
3
1

2
2
-

3
3
2

4
2
2

2
2
2

3
2
2

3
3
3

-

1
1
1

3

-

5

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

51

-

-

-

-

2

-

3
3

1
3

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

11

-

-

-

-

4

2
2
l

-

-

-

-

2

1

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

44
34
21
27
10
5
3
7
34
29
18
20
2
2
5
5
3

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

4
4

29
29
2
4

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

11

2

-

2

-

-

1

3

2

-

3
2

14
8

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

16
14

18
15

-

1
-

-

7 9
6
7 3

-

11

-

3
3

-

18
13

-

4
2

12

1

-

-

23
21

8
8

-

4
2

-

4
7

90.00-117.00
85.00-117.50

-

-

13
11

12
12

-

-

16
3
2 2
14
1
2
1

4

4

5

30
11
19

28

1

14

9

3

6

-

2

6

-

4
6

10
10
3

4

16

-

-

-

3
1

6

21

5

-

-

3
2
7

-

99.00
97.50

-

-

6
6
- 6
6

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

5 8 . 5 0 - 73.00

98.50 88.00- 113.00
107. 00 94. 00- 1 1 8 . 00
95.00 87. 00- 1 1 1 . 00
118. 50 104. 50- 129. 00

-

-

-

1

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g u s t 1968)
W eekly e arn in gs1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f—
$

A verage
w eekly
h ou rs1
(standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , an d i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

U nder
55 60
$
an d _
55
under
__________ 6 0

65

65
_

70
_

70

$

75
_

75

80

1

$

80
_

_
85

*

i

*

t

$

t

$

T

85
_

90
_

95
_

10 0

10 5
_

110

115

12 0

12 5

13 0

13 5

14 0

14 5

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

SECRETARIES^ - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------STENOGRAPHERS', G E N E R A L --------- ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING
-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES J
-------------STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------NONMANUFACTURING — --------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4 -------------1
-

139
26
113

$

86 . 0 0 - 107.50
96.50 95.00
39.5
39.5 106.50 108.00 102.00-117.00
85 . 5 0 102.00
95.50 92.00
39.5

37.5
39.0

BO.00
82.00
80.00
85.50

50.0
50.0
50.0

95.50
95.00
96.00

81.00
83.00
80.50
85.50

95.00
95.50
95.50
1 1 0 . 0 0 120.50

71.0075.0069.5075.50-

88.50
87.50
89.00
95.00

87 .5 0105.00
91.50- 99.50
85 . 0 0 109.00
95 . 0 0 126.00

61.50
62.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

67.00

55.50- 70.00
55.00- 71.00

66.00

SWITCHBOARD 0PERAT0R-RECEPTI ONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -----------------

39.5
39.5

80.00
79.50

79.00
78.00

71.50- 89.50
71.00- 91.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

38.0
38.0

76.50
76.50

77.00
77.00

71.00- 82.50
71.00- 82.50

80.00
79.00

77.00
77.00

72.50- 90.00
71.50- 89.00

67.50
67.50

67.50
67.50

65.00- 71.50
65.00- 71.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -------------TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

37.5
37.0

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) v a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
E s t i m a t e s s h o u ld n ot b e c o m p a r e d w ith t h o s e p r o v i d e d in th e A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 b u ll e t in w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t ly in c lu d e d d a t a f o r 1 l a r g e m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t l o c a t e d o u t s id e
th e a r e a .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l in g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s i g n a t e s p o s it i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e
m o r e t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s th a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e fi n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n
m o r e t h a n th e h i g h e r r a t e .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
5 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 4 0 to $ 4 5 .




9

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u str y d iv isio n , R a le ig h , N . C . , A u g u st 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s o f —
*

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
80

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

*

$

$

34
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 6 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

$
$
1 3 9 .0 0 —
1 3 9 .0 0 -

3-2

4 0 .0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

135

1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0

/

cn

10'

00

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

9 8 .5 0 9 8 .5 0 -

s

$

90

t

135

S

$

$

140

145

$

s

$

*

i

150

155

160

165

170

180

155

160

165

170

180

190

S

190

and
under
85

HU. u

$

*

%

85

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1
8
8

10
10
8
8

8
8

140

7

2

145 _ L 5 0 _

2

:

200

i
i

*

1

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2 , t a b l e A - l .
3 E s t i m a t e s f o r c l a s s B d r a f t s m e n s h o u ld n o t b e c o m p a r e d w ith t h o s e p r o v i d e d in th e A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 b u ll e t in w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t l y i n c lu d e d d a t a f o r 1 l a r g e m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t l o c a t e d o u t s i d e
th e a r e a .




10

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g u s t 1 968)
A v e rage

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O F F IC E
B IL L E R S .

N um b er
of
w orkers

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earn in gs 1
(standard] (standard)

O C C U P A T IO N

MACHINE

A ve rage

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

O F F IC E

(B IL L IN G

OCCUPATIONS

-

N um ber
of

I i n " 'n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

*_
*

8 3 .0 0

3 9 5 i ha nn
3 9 *5 1 0 6 *0 0

74

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

9 7 .0 0

3?
17

3 9 *5
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

59
16
43

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

32

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0
96. j 0

141
26
115

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0

94
80

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

1 37
23
109

38 0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

8 0 00
8 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

78

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

34
57
20

in ’ n

36
32

4 o ” 0

1 1 0 .0 0

41

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

TABULATIN G —
MACHINE O PERA TO RS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------------

19

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

28
28

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

26

4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0

104

3 7 .5

6 7 .5 0

36

4 0 .0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 5 .5 0

9 4 *0 0
9 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

SWITCHBOARD 0 P E R A T 0 R - R E C E P T I 0 N IS T S -

9 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

24

$
6 1 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

o tL K t

1A K 1 L

jf

L/ LA

j

j

U

™

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

.

UI 1L 1 11Lj

3 9 .5

155
39
116

C L A SS B -------------

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS 273

27
lb

29

KEYPUNCH O PERA T O RS,

A ve rage

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$

r Uu L 1 U

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

TR A N SC R IBIN G -M A CH IN E O PERATO RS,

1

1j I

l LA j j
,

A

PR O FE SSIO N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 2 2 .5 0
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0

__________

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t n e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r - o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
E s t i m a t e s s h o u ld n o t b e c o m p a r e d w ith t h o s e p r o v i d e d in th e A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 b u ll e t in w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t l y i n c lu d e d d a t a f o r 1 l a r g e m a n u f a c t u r i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t
l o c a t e d o u t s i d e th e a r e a .
2 M a y i n c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , R a le ig h , N . C . , A u g u st 1968)
H ourly earn in gs 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s ofs

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv isio n

$

2 .2 0
TTr»r1*» r
w orkers

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

*

2 .2 0

t

s

$

*

%

$

$

s

t

$

$

$

t

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 . 90

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 . 20 3 . 30 3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 . 00

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 . 30

3 . 40

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 . 10

2 .3 0

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------7 -----

24
17

3 .3 7
3 .1 4

$
3 .4 5
3 .1 5

3 .0 4 2 .8 5 -

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

27
26

2 .0 5
2 .0 3

1 .8 6
1 .8 5

1 .7 4 1 .7 4 -

2 .5 3
2 .4 3

3 16
16

M A C H IN IS T S , MAINTENANCE4 --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

16
16

2 .7 1
2 .7 1

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

2 .4 5 2 .4 5 -

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

1
1

M ECH AN ICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AINTENANCE) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

94
69

3 .0 5
3 .3 0

3 .1 3
3 .5 2

2 .4 6 2 .9 8 -

3 .5 6
3 .5 8

4

4

“

“

-

“

M ECH AN ICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

66
62

2 .9 3
2 .8 9

2 .8 8
2 .8 6

2 .5 3 2 .5 0 -

3 .2 3
3 .1 8

2
2

$

$

$

3 .7 9
3 .4 7

*

t

$

$

an d
under

—

—

-

-

-

~
-

5
5

2
2

—

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

2
2

_

1

_

_

1

2
2

_

”

“

1
1

5
3

6
6

2
2

6
6

1
1

_

_

5
5

12
12

i

3
3

10
10

-

-

4

3
2

-

-

“

-

5

_

~

5

“

3
3

8
8

3

2

8
8

3
3

6
6

~

1
1

11
-

2
2

1
1

-

-

1
1

3
3

3
3

—
-

-

i
_

2
2

4 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o rk o n w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if t s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o ll o w s : 4 a t $ 1 . 6 0 to $ 1 . 7 0 ; 7 a t $ 1 . 7 0 t o $ 1 . 8 0 ; a n d 5 a t $ 1 . 8 0 to $ 1 . 9 0 .
4 E s t i m a t e s f o r m a i n t e n a n c e m a c h i n i s t s s h o u ld n o t b e c o m p a r e d w ith t h o s e p r o v i d e d in th e A u g u s t 1 9 6 7 b u l l e t i n w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t l y i n c lu d e d d a t a f o r
l o c a t e d o u t s i d e th e a r e a .




10
10

2

—

“

“

-

~

-

_

-

-

-

“

31
31

1

1
1

-

1

-

l

-

5

_
4

“

1
1

-

2

1 la r g e m a n u fa c tu rin g e s ta b lis h m e n t

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , R a le ig h , N . C . , A u g u st 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s o f—

H ourly e a r n in g s2

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge 3

S

1 .3 0

1 . A0 1 . 5 0

$
i . 90

2 . 00

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 . 30

1 .7 0

i .8 0

1 .9 0

2 . 00

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

11
8

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

. 3
3

2A1
37
20A

67
31
36

45
29
16

12
A
8

3
2
1

12
6
6

1

3

1

1

3

23
16

1 . 60

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN4 ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

2A
17

$
1 .8 0
1 .9 8

$
1 .6 8
1 .7 3

$
$
1 .6 2 - 2 .2 5
1 . 6 6 - 2 .A 8

3

1

-

-

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S, A N D 'C LEA N ERS -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

398
109
289

1 .6 9
1 .7 7
1 .6 6

1 .6 8
1 .7 6
1 .6 7

1 . 6 A- 1 .7 7
1 .6 7 - 1 .8 5
1 .6 3 - 1 .7 0

2
2

7
7

1
1

_
~
~

J A N IT O R S , P O R T E R S, AND CLEAN ERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

32
23

1 .6 1
1 .5 6

1 .6 5
1 .6 5

1 .6 2 1 .6 1 -

1 .6 9
1 .6 9

-

4
4

-

-

L A B O R E R S, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------M A N U FA C TU RIN G ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

302
88
2 1A

1 .8 8
1 .7 0
1 .9 6

1 .6 8
1 .6 7
1 .6 9

1 .6 A 1 .6 A 1 .6 A -

2 .2 2
1 .7 9
2 .3 0

_

_

_

3

-

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

125
22

2 .2 9
2 .0 9

2 .4 4
2 .1 A

2 .1 3 1 .8 9 -

2 .5 3
2 .3 3

P A C K E R S, S H IP P IN G ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

AO
3A

1 .8 3
1 .8 9

1 .8 2
1 .8 6

1 .7 0 1 .7 5 -

R E C E IV IN G C LER K S ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

28
20

2 .2 6
2 .3 1

2 .2 4
2 .2 8

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C LER K S ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

2A
17

2 .3 3
2 .3 1

2
2

-

3
3

-

-

2

181
63
118

17
4
13

13
13
-

i
i

2
2
-

4
3
1

29
3
26

9
9

7

-

4
2

5
2

3
“

7
4

12
4

4
2

4
4

36
-

A1
2

9
9

8
8

2
2

i
i

4
4

6
6

_

5
3

3
3

2
2

3
l

4
2

2
-

_

_

2
“

-

-

4
4

2
2

3
3

3
3

2

63
12
51

9
5
4

2
~
2

8
6
2

12
9
3

7
6

“

8

4

-

2

-

-

3

-

-

_

-

_

2

-

*

7
2

2 .1 2
2 .1 6

-

-

-

3
-

7
4

1 .9 8 1 .9 8 -

2 .6 7
2 .7 2

_

_

2 .3 5
2 .2 9

2 .1 1 2 .1 3 -

2 .5 9
2 .6 3

_

-

T R U C K D R IV ER S5 -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

217
52
165

2 .2 1
1 .8 8
2 .3 2

2 .1 1
1 .8 1
2 .6 1

1 .7 5 1 .6 9 1 .7 6 -

2 .6 8
2 .1 3
2 .9 5

TR U C K D R IV ER S, LIG H T (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) ---------------------------------------

16

1 .7 9

1 .7 9

1 .7 A -

1 .8 9

_

“
-

-

*
“

-

_

“

_
-

_

~

~

2
~
2

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

“

~

129
111

2 .1 3
2 .1 9

1 .7 9
1 .9 5

1 .7 3 1 .7 A -

TR U C K D R IV E R S, HEAVY (OVER A T O N S,
T R A IL E R T Y PE) -----------------------------------

46

2 .6 8

3 .0 1

2 .1 7 -

3 .0 6

-

-

-

-

8A
A6

2 .0 5
1 .9 4

1 .9 9
1 .9 A

1 .7 7 1 .7 6 -

2 .A 3
2 .0 9

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 5
2 .6 6

_

-

T R U C K D R IV E R S, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND IN CLU DIN G A TO N S) ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

_
“
2A
1A
10

-

t

$
$
2 . A0 2 . 5 0

$
2 .6 0

t

i

2 .7 0

2! -

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2! . 9

1
1

-

1
1

_

_ .

1

“

~

1

7

_

_

_

-

i
1 -------- i ------80 2 . 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0

0

3 .0 0

1
l

-

-

_

_

_

~

“

36

_

_

-

36

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5
5

_

_

3
i

2
2

2
2

-

_

6

_

38

2

3

_

6

~

38

2

3

_

34
34

_

_

3

-

2

-

2

11

-

-

-

-

-

A
4

2A
12

5
3

11
11

6
6

1
1

9
9

_

15

9

-

-

2
2

l

3 * 1 0 ,o v e r

_

_

_
■ “
i
38

3

38

3

3
3

1

_

53
A3

1

4
2

1

2 .6 0

1A
10

1
1

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d ic a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n it i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, t a b l e A - l .
E s t i m a t e s f o r g u a r d s a n d w a t c h m e n s h o u ld n o t b e c o m p a r e d w ith t h o s e p r o v i d e d in th e A u g u s t
th e a r e a .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e a n d ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




$
1 .8 0

t

an d
un der
1 .2 0

T R U C K E R S , POWER ( F O R K L IF T ) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

i .7 0

O

M e an 3

$
T "
1 .A 0 1 .

>o

*
1 ------- t
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0

O
tr>

O c c u p a tio n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

i
1

“

196 7 b u l l e t i n w h ic h i n a d v e r t e n t l y i n c lu d e d d a t a f o r

2
2

1 la r g e

_

_

~

~

12
12

2

3

-

26

_

_

_

_

m a n u fa c tu rin g |e s ta b lish m e n t lo c a te d

13
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m en o f f ic e w o r k e r s , R a le ig h , N. C . , A u g u s t 1968)
I n e x p e r ie n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u fa c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

M a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f--A ll
sc h e d u le s •

40

82

30

XXX

52

XXX

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ___________________________________

82

30

XXX

52

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f ie d m in im u m ________________

11

7

28

10

10

18

10

_
2
1
1
1
1
1

1
3
14
1
4
1
2
2
-

_
6
1
1
2
-

.
6
_
i
_
i
2
-

1
3
8
1
3
1
1
_

_
6
1
1
1
1
_

18

7

7

u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ________ __________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 50___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
o v e r _____________________________________________

1
1
5
1
3
2
2
1
2

_
2

_
2

-

-

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
3
1
2
1
1
1

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m _______________

4

2

XXX

2

XXX

22

9

XXX

13

XXX

60

21

XXX

39

XXX

32

11

XXX

21

XXX

$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 . 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 . 50

and
an d
and
an d
and
and
an d
an d
an d

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ich d id not e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




-




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g u s t 19 6 8 )
( A l l p l a n t w o r k e r s i n m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 100 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a te - sh ift p a y p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts

A c t u a ll y w o r k in g on l a t e s h i f t s

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

T o t a l ____________________________________________

60. 2

36. 7

13. 0

4. 1

N o p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t ______

16. 9

9. 1

4. 9

2. 2

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k on l a t e s h i f t __________

43. 3

27. 5

8. 0

1 .9

26. 4

27. 5

5. 8

1 .9

7. 8

. 1
1. 5
2. 4
. 1
. 1
1. 5

1. 4

T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:
U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________
5 c e n t s ____________________________________
7 c e n t s ____________________________________
8 c e n t s ____________________________________
9 c e n t s ____________________________________
10 c e n t s ___________________________________
12 c e n t s ____________ ___________ ________ _
14 c e n t s ___________________________________
15 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 5 c e n t s ___________________________________
2 6 % c e n t s _________________________________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ________________________________

1
c o v e r la te

1.
6.
5.
3.
6.

0
8
8
0
6

-

3. 2

-

1. 0
-

3.
5.
3.
3.
3.
'

4
8
0
4
2

-

. 1
-

. 3
. 1
-

17. 0

-

2. 3

-

10. 1
6. 9

-

2. 0
. 3

-

I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , R a le i g h , N . C . , A u g u s t 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________

_ ______

___

35 h o u r s _____________
_____ ___ ______
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s __________________
40 h o u r s ______________________________ __ _____
O v e r 40 a n d u n d e r 45 h o u r s _____________________
45 h o u r s ______________________ __________________
O v e r 45 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s . ___ _____
_____
48 h o u r s __________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

100
3
5
3
(5 )
71
4
6
1
6
(5 )

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

100

100

100

2
3

-

-

-

M a n u fa c tu r in g

87
4
1
2
1

-

82
7
4
7

6
2
20
9
62
(5 )
1
(5 )
1

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

(5 )
7

90

2

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s ,
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




100

-

22
77
(5 )
-

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , R a le i g h , N .C ., A u g u s t 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

I te m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ____________ ______________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s __________________ ___ ________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

92

92

100

99

100

100

8

8

-

1

-

-

8
5
5
22
1
19
3
13
1
8
2
5
-

15
8
5
6
_
24
2
12
6
3
10
-

-

n
0
( 4>

N um ber of day s
1 h o lid a y - --------- ---------------------------------- --2 h o l i d a y s __________________________ __________ ___
3 h o l i d a y s ______________________ _ ____ _____
4 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ____
__________ ________
5 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o lid a y s _
---------- _ - —
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y - __ _ - - ___
7 h o lid a y s
T
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s __________ _ ____________ ___ ___
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y - _
____
9 h o l i d a y s ____________ ________
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y __ ___
10 h o lid a y s ------------------- ------ -----

3

7

12
4

50
5
18
-

1
1
1

2

1

8
1
32
1
21
1
23
1
2
7

17
25
(4 )
23
-

14
6
11
-

1

-

_
11
17
30
30
54
54
79
79
96
97
98
99
100

_
_
(4 )
13
2
61
6
17
-

*

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e
10 d a y s - -------- ---- _
- - - - —
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______
____ _ __ _____ —
9 d a y s o r m o r e _____ ____________ — ________ __
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --- ------------------------ ----8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7V2 d a y s o r m o r e __ - - ____
— —
7 days or m o re _ _
__
- —
_ _
____ _ - ______
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _ __
__
6 d a y s o r m o r e - __
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e — — — — _
5 d a y s o r m o r e __ - _____ —
_____
4 d a y s o r m o r e __ _ __ _
___
___
3 d a y s o r m o r e ___ ___________ ____________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e - _____________________ _____ _______
1 day or m o re

-

1

-

-

-

7

5
7
16
16
29
32
51
52
74
79
84
92
92

-

10
14
20
20
32
34
57
57
64
69
77
92
92

-

18
23
73
78
90
90
97
97
100
100
100

9

n
34
34
55

56
88
89
97
98
98
98
99

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




_
17
23
84
86
99
99
100
100
100'
100
100

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., A u g u s t 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
86
14
-

100
74
26
-

100
100
-

100
99
(5 )
-

100
98
2
_

100
100
-

(5 )

"

■

-

-

-

19
17
(5 )

33
6
-

_
68
_
-

13
27
19
(5 )

.
80
_

-

4
33
12
18

1
79
15
2

_
83
9
3

_
57
43
-

_
33
67
-

32
68
-

2
44
8
44
2

3
55
9
30
3

_
11
10
79
-

_

_

.

8
2
91
-

15
85
-

2
6
91
-

2
32
6
58
2

3
46
11
37
3

_
5
95
-

_

_

4
3
92
-

9
91
-

2
98
-

2
30
6
61
2

3
43
11
40
3

4
3
92

4
96

7
93

_
2
98

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t----------------------------------O t h e r ------------------------------- — ----- — _
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a i d .v a c a t io n s ... _ _ _______
_ _
A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U nder 1 w ee k .
__
______ ___
________
1 w eek.
___________ ________ _______
___ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______ ____________ __ __________ ___

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ________________
______ ___
1 w e e k __________
_________ ___ ________ ___
2 w ppks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ _ ___ _ .
_ .

.

51
49
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _______ ____ _ ____ _ __ ____ __
1 w ee k _______________ — _____ ______ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _. . . ___ __ ___ __
2 w e e k s ______ _________ ______ __ __ __ ___________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k .......
..............
...... .
1 wpfik
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s . . . . ___
____
_____ __ ___
2 w e e k s ______ _ __ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________ __

_

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k _______ ______
______ ___ _
1 w e e k _________________________ ______ __ ___ ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______ ________________
2 w e e k s ___ ____________________________________ __
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________________ __

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




18
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., A u g u s t 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o lic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
Z w e e k s _________________________________________ __
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s

2
16
3
76

3
22
6
t>6

3
97

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

17
1
57
22
2

25
2
51
19
3

17
1
49
4
27
2

25
2
46
1
22
3

17
1
43
35

25
2
37
32

-

-

2
2

3

17
1
43
17
20

25
2
37
18
14
3

3
95
1
1

_
6
_
94
_
_

_

3
_
39
(5)
58
1
-

6
_
52
(5 )
41
_

3
_
30
6
60
1
-

6
_
45
(5 )
49
-

*

3
23
71
1
3
-

6
_
22
72
_
_

6
83

3
23
31
42
1

6
_
22
48
25
_

3

-

100

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s _______________________
Z w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eeks
4 w e e k s _ ______ ___ _______ ____ _ _ _
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __ -___________________

_
43
57
-

-

59
41
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ______
2 w e e k s _________ __ _ __ ____ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________ _________________________ __
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___ __
____

-

_
-

13
18
69
-

-

15
39
46

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ee k _______________ __ ____________ ________ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _____ _____ ______ __ _ __ _______
3 w e e k s ________________________ _________ ________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ _
_ ____ _
4 w e e k s ___
___ _ _
__ _____ __ _
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___

_
-

13
75
12
-

-

11
*

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 u/ppk
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________ ___ __
2 w e e k s _____ _____
______
_________
3 w e e k s _____________ __ __________________ __ ____
4 w e e k s ___________________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________ _____ ______
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ____________ __________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le .




-

2

_
13
24
62
-

6
48
46

_

19

Table B-5. Paid Vacations'--- Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , R a le i g h , N .C ., A u g u s t 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_______ ______ ___
— O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------- ------------------2 w peks
______
__ ___ ___ _ . . . ___
--------- ---------- - —
___ 3 w e e k s -----4 w e e k s _____________ __ ___ ____ __________ __ __—
_
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ___________________ ___
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _______________________

17
1
43
10
27
2

25
2
37
9
23
3

17
1
43
10
27
(5)
2

25
2
37
9
23
3

17
1
43
10
27
(5 )
2

25
2
37
9
23

13
7
80
-

3
23
20
53
1
1
-

6
22
26
46
-

6
9
85
-

-

-

-

3
23
20
53
2
-

6
22
26
46
-

3
23
20
53
1

6
22
26
46
-

6
9
84
1

-

-

_

_

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek_________ ___
- O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___
2 w e e k s ___________ _______——.______ _____ __ ____
3 w e e k s ____ _________ ____ _________________________
4 w e e k s __ _ _____
_____
_
5 w eeks _
_____ __
O v er 5 and u n d er 6 w ee k s —

-

13
7
80
(5 )

-

.

6
9
84
1
-

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i la b le
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ _
_ ___
2 w eeks —
-----_ _
- 3 w e e k s _ _______
_______ — — — _
4 w p pk s _
5 w e e k s _ __ _______
___ __________ __
O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s ____ ___
______
O v e r 6 w e e k s . ______________
_
_ ___

-

3

13
7
80
(5)

.

1

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c lu d e s p l a n s su c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s
o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f su c h e x c l u s io n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta fo r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e r c e n t.
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h of t i m e , " su c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t ti m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o se n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a te d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l ig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e e l ig ib le fo r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c d .




20

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 R a le i g h , N .C ., A u g u s t 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

98

100

99

97

100

83

84

87

95

88

95

65

65

66

64

71

69

68

62

72

84

81

55

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y an d no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _________________________
_
_

48

55

33

46

64

22

17

-

26

71

59

32 •

14

7

39

8

4

23

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____ ______
______
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________ ___________
C a ta stro p h e in su ra n c e - _
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n - ___

90
90
63
63
67

94
94
61

96
96
83

63

97
97
90
90

91
91
91

69

85

97
97
85
90
76

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f i t s s h o w n b e l o w _____________
_
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ______________________ _ ___________
A c c id e n ta l d e ath an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _________________________.___ - — ____
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e or
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 ______________________ __ -

84
87

91
79

I n c lu d e s th o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a l l y r e q u ir e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p l a n s a r e li m it e d to th o s e w h ich d e f in i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .
3




21

Table

B-7.

Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
an d fr e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t, R a le ig h , N .C ., A u g u st 1968)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Ite m
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 2

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

M a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

89
59
14
45

83
61
15
46

100
95
25
70

100
75
3
71

100
70
6
65

100
86
16
70

10

7

40

3

-

22

6

10

-

33

46

-

30
30
11
9
9
(5 )
-

29
22
17
17
17
1
-

30
5
-

35
25
-

19
30
-

48
14
-

M eth o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
P a id tim e r a t e s ___________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y . . . _______________________
S in g le r a t e _____________________
_ _ _
R a n g e o f r a t e s _____________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d in g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r it
r e v ie w __________________________
___
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th of
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v ie w ____________
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y _________________________
P a id b y in c e n t iv e m e t h o d s _______________________
P ie c e r a t e ______________________________________
I n d iv id u a l___________________________________
G ro u p ________________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s ______________________________
I n d iv id u a l___________________________________
G ro u p ________________________________________
C o m m is s io n

-

-

1

80
16
4
(5 )

94
6
_
_

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in in g in c e n t iv e p a y o f o f f ic e w o r k e r s not p r e s e n t e d

-

F re q u e n c y of w age paym en t
W e e k ly ________________________
B iw e e k ly _____________
S e m im o n th ly ____________________
M o n th ly ______________
O th e r f r e q u e n c y __________

*
3

60
30
10

_

20
39
28
12

39
22
22
17

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n , s e e I n t r o d u c t i o n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




34
49
17

_

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s who a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t an d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b il it y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

F IL E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s an d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (M oon H o p k in s, E l li o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o lv e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y no t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
an d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a tio n u s u a l ly in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r of c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b il l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l ly p r in t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
a n d s t a n d a r d ty p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , an d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it an d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by h and.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n of a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le te s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x and
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r ic a l) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

ORD ER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t in g th e i t e m s to m a k e up th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; an d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r ig in a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on the p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; and
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in fo r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o ut p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p an d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
C O M PTO M ETER O PERATO R
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p to m e te r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u ta tio n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n fu s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p to m e te r b u t, in w h ich , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s ; an d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u ir e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e ro u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o rk i s s u b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f ilin g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

22

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a ta f r o m v a r io u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n ch t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o rk r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a tio n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a tio n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a tio n to be p u n ch ed . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

23
K EYPU N CH O PERATO R-

lon tin ued

C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a ta f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to pu n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r
a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to k e y p u n ch ta b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W orking f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o llo w s s p e c i f ie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u ir e l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a ta to b e p u n ch ed . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a tio n ,
e t c ., a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d
d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t le v e l
of o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d of a l a r g e an d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a i l , o v e r 2 5 , 000 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

B O Y OR G I R L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u tin e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o se r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to one o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a te s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l ly d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in tu r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In so m e c o m p a n ie s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in ta in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e iv i n g a m in im u m of d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l ly in c lu d in g m o s t of th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , an d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u tin e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l in q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a in t a in s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
fo r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d ty p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th an
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f ic u lt y .
T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u tin e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu s i o n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
of p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s fo ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
the " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t ie s ; (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , te c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u tin e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s it i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o se o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s not
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s it i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o se p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a ff ) a r e no t c o n s id e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g le v e l d e f in i t io n s .

C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k il le d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . (N O T E : M an y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m one o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r th a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M ay
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k . (S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i t n i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r itte n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W ork r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o ro u g h w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c .; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d ro u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; an d
a n s w e r in g r o u tin e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t)
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

C la ss A

c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l) o f a m a jo r s e g ­
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t <pf a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
fe w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) of
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f ic e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t io n s , in d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a jo r d iv is io n )
o F a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu l l te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d itio n to d o in g
ro u tin e w o rk a s d e s c r i b e d f o r sw itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w hen th e e s t a b li s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e sw itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u tin e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a tio n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
if th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s ta n d a b le , f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r if th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

24
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n it o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t io n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o rk a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u t ie s .
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o r k e r 's tim e w h ile at
s w itc h b o a r d .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e s p o r t io n s o f a w o rk
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G ENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , and p e r f o r m s d if f ic u lt
w ir in g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le te r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g an d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e of i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g so m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e d in tr a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o rk an d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f ta b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t ta b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
ta b u l a t o r an d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o rk i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u la t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l ta b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r an d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s an d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a tu r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y an d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
tio n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l w o rk in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ; T y p in g m a t e r i a l in fin a l f o r m w h en it
in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y fo r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u tin e ty p in g of f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N --- C o n tin u e d

C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p le x it e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t in g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t io n s h ip s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r le v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t in g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u ir e th e a p p l i ­
c a tio n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p ic a ll y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c tio n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e la t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n of a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , an d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t it ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in it i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t io n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g o f

c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le te w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W ork m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p la n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g clo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s an d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s not in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s is t in g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d it e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W ork i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U ST R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w ho g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l d ir e c t i o n to il l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n ju r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r c o m p e n s a tio n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s ic a l e x a m in a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; an d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , an d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in ta in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk an d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b in s , c r i b s , co u n te r s-, b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t of th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d la y in g out o f w o rk f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d to o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r in g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o rk ; a n d s e le c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o rk .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o f e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

25
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in te n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , co n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f
w ir in g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s c m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s : O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n tila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F I R E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k il le d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In so m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to su p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LR O O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h in e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
ning a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e le c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o lin g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s tr y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s an d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e fe c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
w o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r se n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g u p o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d i n s t a l lin g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i ll w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e of s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p lic a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m ix c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o ut o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a te p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e ty le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u ir e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l lin g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLU M BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l la t io n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r in g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s n e - . - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

26
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E --- C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b l i n g ; an d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s an d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , an d o th e r m e t a l- f o r m i n g w o rk .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e ls , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s an d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g up an d o p e r a tin g of
m a c h in e t o o l s an d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g of m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t in g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r ic a t io n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o rk in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g an d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t i n g a p p r o p r ia t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , an d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o rk r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GU A R D AND W ATCHM AN

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t fix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o rk in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s tin g w e ig h t an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t. R e c e iv in g w o rk in v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h ip m e n ts a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d in g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; an d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s and f ile s .

th e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a in s t f i r e ,
an d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR C LEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f ic e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p li e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w indow w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; st o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o se d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g ; L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a tio n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t in g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RD ER,

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv i n g c l e r k
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a tr u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , fr e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a tin g it e m s f il le d o r o m itte d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 11 to n s)
/2
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (IV 2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e)
TRUCKER,

POW ER

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p la c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u po n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r of
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a li n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo llo w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( fo r k lift)
p o w e r (o th e r th a n f o r k lift )




A v a ila b le O n R eq u es t
T h e e i g h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto rn ey s, c h e m ists, en g in e e rs, engineering technicians, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l, m a n a g e r s of o ffice
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 158 5, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 196 7.
Fifty cents
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u lle t in s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t th e
r e q u e s t o f the W age a n d H o ur an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D iv is i o n s o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d fr o m
th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k r o n , O h io , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------------------A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------A llen tow n — e t h le h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J . ,
B
E
N
J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 19 6 8 1 ---------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1 9 6 7 --------------- r-------------------------B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ____
O
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1-------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1968 1____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1967 1 ---------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , V t. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------C a n t o n , O h i o , J u n e 19 6 8 1_________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 _____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , A u g . 1967 ____________________
G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O h io — y . — d. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1---------------------K
In
C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 ----------------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 6 7 -----------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —
R
111. ,
O c t . 1 9 6 7 ___________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h io , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1 _______________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1___________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1_____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1--------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1 _______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1 ___________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 19 6 8 1 ______________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . — a n s . , N o v . 1967 1 -----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 19 6 8 1 _______
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 ______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — d. , F e b . 1 9 6 8 _________________ ,_______
In
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 19 6 8 * ----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 1-----------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , J a n . 19 6 8 1 ______________________
A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1--------------------------------------------M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_________________
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
157 5 - 7 1 ,
1575-18,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1575-13,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1575-7,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

40 cen ts
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1575-74,
1625-11,

25
30
25
30
35
25
35
30
45
30
30
20
25
30
35

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
25
25
30
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts


l
Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-85,
1625-9,
1575-21,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1575-16,
1575-80,

30
30
25
40
30
30
30
25
40

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
1625-2,
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1575-10,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 1 9 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o —O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------ 1 5 7 5 - 3 7 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1967 * ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 1 5 ,
1575-73,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * _______________________________
1625-12,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 * ________________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , N o v . 1967 * ____________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 9 ,
E
S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1967 1 -------------------------------- 1 5 7 5 - 1 7 ,
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 * ____________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 6 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------ 1 5 7 5 - 7 9 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1968 * _______________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 5 ,
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 --------------------- 1 6 2 5 - 1 0 ,
S
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 3 ,
M
1575-24,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , N o v . 1967 ________________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y . , J u l y 1968 * ___________________________ 1 6 2 5 - 1 ,
R
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . —M d . — a . , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 ________________ 1 5 7 5 - 1 1 ,
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 * __________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 5 3 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1967 ________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 2 6 ,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 ________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 3 1 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 * __________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 7 6 ,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 * ____________________________________ 1 5 7 5 - 4 2 ,
1575-25,
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h io , N o v . 1967 * ________________

30
20
25
25
30
35
25
25
30
30
35
30
30
20
35
25
30
20
20
30
30
25

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 --------------------S
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * -------N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 1____________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------------------N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------------N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 6 8 ---------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . — o w a , O c t . 1967 1 --------------------------------I
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 -------------C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , - P a . — . J . , N o v . 1967 1 --------------------------N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1967 * --------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 8 1 ---------------------------P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 6 8 * ----------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 7 * ---------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . , ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ) J u l y 19 6 8 *__
R o c k f o r d , H I . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * ________________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., J a n . 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------------S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _________________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S an B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C a lif. ,
R
O

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212




rriRST CLASS MAIL”!
i__________________________

X

i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102