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Public Library

Area Wage Survey
The Baltim ore, Maryland, M etropolitan Area
September 1968

Bu ll eti n

No.

1625-8




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

r e g io n

nl

PHILADELPHIA

Region II
Region I
341 Ninth Ave.
1603-B Federal Building
New York, N .Y . 10001
Government Center
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6762 (Area Code 617)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region V
Region VI
Federal Office Building
219 South Dearborn St.
911 Walnut S t ., 10th Floor
Chicago, 111. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Region VII
337 Mayflower Building
411 North Akard St.
Dallas, Tex. 75201
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Region VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)




Area Wage Survey
The Baltimore, Maryland, Metropolitan Area




S e p te m b e r

1968

B u lle tin

No. 1 6 2 5 -8
February 1969

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 50 cents




Preface
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o li t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d to p r o v id e d a ta
on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ­
ta ry w age p r o v isio n s.
It y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y
d iv i s i o n f o r e a c h of the a r e a s stu d ied, f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and
f o r the U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m i s th e
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t i o n a l
c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) t h e s t r u c t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s
am o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

i n fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u al m e t r o p o li t a n
a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e t o g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d th e U n i t e d S t a t e s .
N i n e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in t h e p r o g r a m .
In
e a c h a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s i s c o lle c te d an n ually
a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
bien n ially.
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f t h e s u r v e y in B a l t i m o r e ,
M d . , in S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ,
a s d e fin e d b y the B u r e a u of the B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1968, c o n s i s t s
o f t h e c i t y o f B a l t i m o r e , a n d th e c o u n t i e s o f A n n e A r u n d e l , B a l t i m o r e ,
C a r r o l l , H a r f o r d , and H o w ard .
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the
B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . , u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l d i ­
r e c t io n of Irw in L . F e ig e n b a u m , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r for
O p eration s.

A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s
s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e
in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y
b u lletin i s is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a s s tu d ie d into one b u lle tin .
The secon d p a rt p r e se n ts

Contents
Page
I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________ * _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1
5

T ab les:
1.
2.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________________________
In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________




NOTE:

S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e av a ila b le fo r other a r e a s .

(S e e in sid e b ack cover.)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n e a r n i n g s in t h e B a l t i m o r e a r e a i s a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e
o c c u p a t i o n s ( S e p t e m b e r 1 9 6 8 ).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
b u ild in g c o n stru c tio n ; p rin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and
allie d occu pation s.

iii

4
6

Contents— Continued
Page
T a b l e s --- C o n t i n u e d
A.

B.

O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s:
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
A -la.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n __________________________________________________________________________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n _____________________________________________________________________________________
A -2a.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n ____________________________________________________________
m
A -3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ___________________
A -3a.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
m
A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________________________________________________________________________________________
A -4a.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ____________________________________________________________________________
A -5.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________
A -5a.
C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ______________________________________________________________________

7
11
14
15
15
17
18
19
20
22

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - 1.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s _______________________________________________________________________________________
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s __________________________________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
B-7.
M e t h o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n a n d f r e q u e n c y o f p a y m e n t _____________________________________________________________________________________

24
25
26
27
28
31
32

A p pendix.




O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

iy

33

Area Wage Survey---The Baltimore, Md., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In t h i s a r e a , d a t a w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t ­
a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
se rv ic e s.
M a jo r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d i e s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a n d th e c o n s t r u c t i o n an d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it te d b e c a u s e th e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t io n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b l i ­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n in g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a t a e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
la t e s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b ut c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s a n d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e re w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n ro u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o site , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v ­
e l s f o r m e n an d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld
n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s
w ith in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n tr ib u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c lu d e :
D iffe r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e
a c t u a l r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y
w ith in th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a llo w f o r m in o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s t u d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t; a n d (4) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t. O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a t a fo llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h
d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y an d n ot th e n u m b e r
a c tu a lly su rv e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a t a .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W age P r o v i s i o n s

1
Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (office occu­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 91 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour and Public Contracts Divisions of the U. S. De­
partment of Labor.




1

I n f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e l a t e to p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s . A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , an d c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho a r e u t il i z e d
a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e

2
w o r k in g f o r e m e n a n d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n a n d t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e f u n c t io n s .
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a f e t e r ia w o r k e r s an d ro u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
in d u str ie s.
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s (t a b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p tim u m
s a m p l in g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , a n d th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th a n s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e t a b le i s
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a n d l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e r h p lo y m e n t, a n d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c i f i e d s h if t a t th e t im e o f th e
su rv ey .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a jo r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h if t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a l l o f th e p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f t h a t e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l id a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p l a n s ; a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 7 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on th e b a s i s t h a t t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lify f o r th e p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
S u m s o f in d iv id u a l
i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 th r o u g h B - 7 m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e of
r o u n d in g .
D a t a on p a id h o l id a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y a n d th e w o r k e r i s n ot g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t

p a r t o f th e p a id h o l id a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le a n d h a lf
h o l id a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le a n d h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s (t a b le B - 5 ) i s l i m i t e d t o a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e of v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It i s n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t f o r a l l le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
t a b u l a t e d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t , r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u i v ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y . E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s an d
t h o s e w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c
p l a n s t o w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h
e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
D a t a on h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u c h p l a n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s i d e
fo r th is p u r p o s e .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n
i f th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e t o b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e
p la n , e v e n if l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m ­
p l o y e e s w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
Le­
g a l l y r e q u i r e d p l a n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e ­
c u r i t y , an d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e i s l i m i t e d to th a t ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e i n s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t d i s a b i l i t y .
In fo rm a tio n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p l a n s to w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s .
H ow ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k a n d N ew J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3 p l a n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly if th e e m p l o y e r (1) c o n t r i b u t e s m o r e th a n i s l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
r e q u i r e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u l a t io n s o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e
l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 4 w h ic h p r o v i d e f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e
w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s .
S e p a ra te
t a b u l a t io n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to (1) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y
a n d no w a itin g p e r i o d , a n d (2) p l a n s w h ic h p r o v id e e i t h e r p a r t i a l p a y
o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d itio n to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a id
s i c k l e a v e , a n u n d u p lic a te d t o t a l i s sh o w n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e i v e
e i t h e r o r b o th t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .

2
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following con­
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to a s m a jo r m e d ­
i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c lu d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h ic h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s a n d i n ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , a n d s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t i a l
paym en t of d o c to rs* fe e s .
S u c h p l a n s m a y b e u n d e r w r it t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
b e p a id f o r b y th e e m p l o y e r o u t o f a fu n d s e t a s i d e f o r t h i s p u r p o s e .
T a b u l a t io n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e p l a n s
t h a t p r o v id e r e g u l a r p a y m e n t s f o r th e r e m a i n d e r o f th e w o r k e r ’ s l i f e .
M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t io n (t a b le B - 7 ) r e l a t e s to b a s i c
ty p e s of r a te s tr u c tu r e fo r w o r k e r s p a id u n d er v a r io u s tim e an d in ­
c e n tiv e s y s t e m s . U n d e r a s i n g l e r a t e s t r u c t u r e th e s a m e r a t e i s p a id
to a l l e x p e r ie n c e d w o r k e r s in th e s a m e jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . A n in d i v i d ­
u a l w o r k e r o c c a s i o n a l l y m a y b e p a id a b o v e o r b e lo w th e s i n g l e r a t e




f o r s p e c i a l r e a s o n s , b u t s u c h p a y m e n t s a r e e x c e p t io n s . A r a n g e - o f r a t e s p la n s p e c i f i e s th e m in im u m a n d / o r m a x im u m r a t e p a i d e x p e r i ­
e n c e d w o r k e r s f o r th e s a m e j o b . I n f o r m a t i o n a l s o i s p r o v i d e d on th e
m e th o d o f p r o g r e s s i o n t h r o u g h th e r a n g e . In th e a b s e n c e o f a f o r m a l
r a t e s t r u c t u r e , th e q u a l i f i c a t i o n s o f th e in d iv id u a l w o r k e r d e t e r m i n e
th e p a y r a t e . I n f o r m a t i o n on t y p e s o f in c e n t iv e p l a n s i s p r o v i d e d o n ly
f o r p la n t w o r k e r s b e c a u s e o f th e lo w i n c id e n c e o f s u c h p l a n s f o r o f f ic e
w o rk e rs.
U n d e r a p i e c e w o r k s y s t e m , a p r e d e t e r m i n e d r a t e i s p a id
f o r e a c h u n it o f o u tp u t. P r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e b a s e d o n p r o d u c t io n
o v e r a q u o ta o r c o m p le t io n o f a jo b in l e s s th a n s t a n d a r d t i m e .
Com ­
p e n s a t i o n o n a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s r e p r e s e n t s p a y m e n t s b a s e d on a
p e r c e n t a g e o f v a lu e o f s a l e s , o r on a c o m b in a t io n o f a s t a t e d s a l a r y
p lu s a p e r c e n t a g e .
D ata
ta b le B - 7 .

on fre q u e n c y

of w age

paym en t

a lso

are

p r o v id e d

in

4

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in B a l t i m o r e , M d . , 1 b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 S e p t e m b e r 1968
N um ber of estab lish m en ts
M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
of study

In dustry d ivision

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W ith in s c o p e
of study5

Studied
T o tal4

Studied

Plant
N um ber

O ffice

Percent

T otal4

A ll e sta b lish m e n ts

-

725

216

2 9 4 ,8 0 0

100

1 9 1 ,6 0 0

4 7 ,8 0 0

2 0 5 ,5 8 0

100
-

293
432

79
137

1 7 0 ,6 0 0
1 2 4 ,2 0 0

58
42

1 2 3 ,9 0 0
6 7 ,7 0 0

1 8 ,5 0 0
2 9 ,3 0 0

1 1 7 ,9 2 0
8 7 ,6 6 0

100
50
100
50
50

40
108
59
101
124

18
30
26
31
32

3 2 ,3 0 0
1 3 ,2 0 0
3 8 ,2 0 0
2 1 , 100
1 9 ,4 0 0

11
4
13
7
7

7 ,0 0 0

2 7 ,9 4 0
4 ,6 6 0
3 2 , 190
1 3 ,4 3 0
9 ,4 4 0

A l l d i v i s i o n s _____________________________________

-

1 9 3 ,4 0 0

100

1 2 9 ,7 0 0

3 0 ,4 0 0

18 0 , 100

500
-

99
62
37

80

M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5_________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e _______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e _______
S e r v i c e s 7_____________________________________

43
37

1 2 2 ,3 0 0
7 1 ,1 0 0

63
37

9 1 , 100
3 8 ,6 0 0

1 3 ,0 0 0
1 7 ,4 0 0

109,000

500
500
500
500
500

8
2
13
10
4

8
2
13
10
4

2 5 ,8 0 0
1, 100
2 9 ,1 0 0
9 ,8 0 0
5 ,3 0 0

13
1
15
5
3

1 1 ,7 0 0
300
2 3 ,7 0 0

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________ ________ —
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5_________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 7_______________________________________

1 6 ,0 0 0
7 ,0 0 0
3 0 ,9 0 0
6 1 ,4 0 0
(8 )

2,9 0 0

3 ,7 0 0
1 3 ,1 0 0
(8 )

L a r g e e stab lish m e n ts

6 ,5 0 0
600
2 ,9 0 0
6 ,9 0 0
(8 )

0)
(8

7 1 ,1 0 0
2 5 ,8 0 0
1, 100
2 9 , 100
9 ,8 0 0
5 , 300

1 T h e B a l t i m o r e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c it y o f B a l t i m o r e ; a n d th e c o u n t ie s o f A n n e A r u n d e l,
B a lt im o r e , C a r r o ll , H a r fo r d , an d H o w ard .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s
s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u t o
r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f ic e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
i n d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h i s in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n d n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e
s a m p l e w a s no t
d e s ig n e d in it i a l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
9 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a ta f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 8 a b o v e .




A l m o s t t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y i.n th e B a l t i m o r e a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

P r i m a r y m e t a l s _____________________________________________ 20
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y _______________________________________ 15
F o o d p r o d u c t s _______________________________________________ 10
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _________________________________
8
A p p a r e l ______________________________________________________
7
C h e m i c a l s ____________________________________________________ 6
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ______________________________ 6
R u b b e r a n d m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s _____________ 5

The

B l a s t f u r n a c e s , s t e e l w o r k s , a n d r o ll in g a n d
f in is h in g m i l l s _____________________________________________ 18
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t_________________________________ 13
S h ip a n d b o a t b u ild in g a n d r e p a i r i n g _______________________ 5

T h is in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s a t a g iv e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g th e b a s e p e r io d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c te d
b e tw e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 1 ).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r io d to the
d a te o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese e stim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; th e y a r e not in te n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r th e n o r m a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , an d
la te s h if ts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t io n s a n d in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a ll y im p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
e a c h grou p.
L i m i t a t i o n s of D a ta

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t io n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p lo y m e n t
in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e ig h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
e m p lo y m e n t s w h e r e v e r p o s s i b l e .
T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t io n w e r e m u l t ip l ie d b y th e o c c u p a t io n a l w e ig h t, a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d iv id in g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r
th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . . T h e in d e x
i s th e p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r a n d c o n tin u in g to m u lt ip ly (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s in d e x . A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r th e fo llo w in g o c c u p a t io n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u tin g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

The in d e x e s an d p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y :
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in th e s a m e jo b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s d u e to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , a n d c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r ­
t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e iv a b l e
th a t e v e n th o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ag es
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Bookkeeping-machine
Continued
operators, class B
Secretaries
Electricians
Machinists
Clerics, accounting, classes
Stenographers, general
A and B
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics
Clerics, file, classes
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
A, B, and C
A and B
Painters
Clerics, order
Tabulating-machine operators,
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Clerics, payroll
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
Unskilled plant (men):
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Laborers, m aterial handling
Office boys and girls




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b i n ­
c lu d e d in th e d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e n ot in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
fo r o v e r tim e .
W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5

6

T a b l e 2.

I n d e x e s o f S t a n d a r d W e e k ly S a l a r i e s a n d S t r a i g h t - T i m e H o u r ly E a r n i n g s f o r S e l e c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G r o u p s in
B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1968 a n d O c t o b e r 1 9 6 7 , an d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
In d e x e s
(D e ce m b e r 1960=100)

In d u stry an d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a s e

O c to b e r
1967

S e p te m b er
1968

O c to b e r
1967
to
S e p te m b er
1968

N ovem ber
1966
to
O c to b e r
1967

N ovem ber
1965
to
N ovem ber
1966

N ovem ber
1964
to
N ovem ber
1965

N ovem ber
1963
to
N ovem ber
1964

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w om en )™
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )____________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) _________________

1 3 5 ,2
1 3 9 .9
1 3 6 .0
1 3 1 .9

1 2 7 .8
1 3 1 .1
1 2 7 .9
1 2 2 .3

5 .8
6 .7
6 .4
7.8

4 .5
9.1
3 .7
5 .4

3 .8
4 .0
6 .6
.9

3 .4
1 .4
3.1
2 .4

3 .9
1 .4
3 .7
2 .6

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n an d w o m e n ) ..
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )____________
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) _____________ ___

1 2 6 .4
1 3 8 .0
1 3 5 .5
1 3 1 .8

1 1 9 .9
1 2 9 .0
1 2 7 .3
1 2 3 .9

5 .4
7 .0
6 .4
6 .4

3 .6
8 .4
3 .5
5 .3

3 .8
4 .4
7.1
1.5

1 .4
1.3
2 .9
2 .9

1.5
.9
4 .1
2 .3

N ovem ber
1962
to
N ovem ber
1963

N ovem ber
1961
to
N ovem ber
1962

D ecem ber
1960
to
N ovem ber
1961

S e p te m b er
1959
to
D ecem ber
1960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) _____ _______ __________ ___________ ____ ____ _________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n )._
—
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )_____________ — ,-----------------„ _____________ ____ _ _------ ------ ---U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) __________________ —
—
—

3 .5
1 .4
2 .5
4 .3

2 .8
3 .9
1.8
.9

3.1
6 .7
3 .8
4 .2

3 .5
3 .2
3 .4
4 .2

M a n u f a c tu r i n g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m e n ) ____
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n )__
S k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n )_____ __ __
U n s k i l le d p la n t ( m e n ) __________________ —

3 .5
1.8
2 .2
4 .1

3.1
3 .3
1.1
2 .2

1.6
6 .0
3 .8
3 .6

4 .1
5 .3
3 .2
5 .9




—

—

7

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
$

$
55

standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

»

s

t

$

1 ------- $
170
180

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

11 5

120

125

130

140

150

160

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

115

120

125

130

1 40

150

160

170

180

over

-

~

-

1
1

l
1

1
1
-

1
1

11
1
10

27
18
9

15
6
9

9
4
5
2

29
8
21

21
7
14
-

16
5
11
-

29
22
7
4

28
11
17
7

33
21
12
8

66
49
17
7

12
7
5
5

15
12
3
3

4
4

_

2
2

17
10
7

14
3
11

14
4
10

32
16
16

20
11
9

17
12
5

9
9
-

14
9
5

13
10
3

9
4
5

23
12
11

13
11
2

1
1
“

1
1

-

-

4
3

8
8
8

6
6
6

7
7
7

10
10
9

15
12
6

11
11
11

5
5
5

6
6
6

6
6
6

4
4
4

~

-

8

13
13

55
55

6
6

7
7

-

-

-

and
under
60

and

MEN
C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

315
172
143
36

3 9.5
39.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 3 9.00
1 4 5.50
1 3 1.00
1 5 6 .0 0

$
1 3 8.00
15 2 .0 0
12 5 .5 0
15 8 .0 0

$
$
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 4 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

“

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

203
115
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.5

1 0 8.00
11 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 0 5.00
1 1 0.00
9 9 .0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

_
-

C L E R K S , OROER ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

98
92
78

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7.50
118.50
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 9.00
1 1 9.00
1 1 9 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

_
-

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

143
140

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 7 .0 0
1 4 7 .0 0

15 8 .5 0
15 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0 -1 6 8 .0 0

O F F IC E BOYS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

205
72
133
60

3 9 .0
39.5
3 8.5
3 7 .0

77.0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
78.0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS A --------------------------------------------------

66

3 9.5

143.00

1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

137
73
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 6.50
120 .0 0

12 7 .0 0
128 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS C --------------------------------------------------

70

3 8 .5

98.0 0

95.0 0

8 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 9 . on

“

125
82

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

83 .0 0
80.5 0

81.5 0
81 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

97.5 0
90.0 0

~
~

10
10

70

3 7 .5

75 .5 0

7 3 .00

6 6 .0 0 -

7 9 .5 0

1

14

123
77

3 8 .5
3 7.5

95.50
9 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

245
98

3 8.5
3 9 .5

86 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

86 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 8 4 .0 0 -

6 7 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

80.5 0
83.50
7 5 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

*
_
~

-

-

2
2
2

1
1

i
-

11
11
8

1
-

-

_

-

-

-

~

“

“

-

i
i

2
2

1
1

3
3

18
18

4
4

8
8

5
5

3
3

6
6

51
8
43

55
19
36

22
15
7

20
17
3

10
6
4

3
2
1

1
1

1

3
3

1
1

3
3

7
2
5

2
2

2
2

~
-

_
-

1

~

3

2
2

-

-

3
“

3

“

6

2

1

2

10

16

9

12

9
3
6

13
6
7

19
13
6

35
12
23

18
18
~

3
i
2

1
1

22
1
21

-

i

~

-

-

1
1

1

3
1
2

1
1

9
2
7

4
4
“

17
9
8

3
3

~
1

9

5

11

10

6

5

8

4

2

18
18

17
6

12
4

19
16

8
8

8
5

5
~

4
~

22
14

i
~

-

1
1

-

6
6

4
4

3
2

30
16

17
10

20
6

13
12

12
9

i

“

5
3

4

18

14
4

34
7

45
17

41
13

29
19

31
18

14
11

8
8

2

4

"

1

'

9

n

4
-

“

~

“

~

~

'

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------BILLERS, MACHINE

~

—

10
8

-

-

-

l
1

“

-

1

-

~

“

(BOOKKEEPING

WA LHIN t1

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------N O N H A N U F A C t u RING
--———
RETAIL TRADE ---------------- —

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le ,




9 5 .0 0
99.0 0

*

bA
10

9

8

9

2

“
*

~
1
1

~

_
~

-

“

•

“

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
Sex , o ccupation, and in d u stry d iv isio n

workers

$
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*
60

$
65

$
70

N um be r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of-*
i
i
*
$
$
$
t
%
$
$
*
$
$
120
no
125
140
75
80
85
90
100
115
130
95
105
150
160

180
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

_
n o _ 115

-LLP-

125

130

1AO

l?0

160

170

“

“

“
“

“
-

1
“
1
“
“
1

“
“
“
-

3
“
3
“
2
1

33
1
32
A
1A
A

6
i
5
“
A
1

60
8
52
4
25
23

A3
8
35
1
5
29

55
2
53
5
23
8

48
17
31
8
1A
6

93
A
89
2
2
13

33
12
21
4
i
15

31
12
19
4
13

21
16
5
A
1
~

50
36
1A
5
3

20
11
9
5
-

8
2
6
6
-

15
12
3
2
-

-

-

-

13
“
13
11
2

26
2
2A
7
1A

109
21
88
20
31

1A2
23
119
37
A6

182
76
106
1A
A8

139
29
110
2A
55

109
37
72
1
23

53
27
26
1

87
28
59
1
6

20
9
ii
i
2

33
22
l1

18
15
3

10
4
6

7
4
3

6
6

i
7
~

-

~

-

-

“
-

-

_

-

3
3

11
5

1A
12

3
3

1
-

57
9

15
6

15
10

11
6

1
1

1
1

i

4
A

i
i

2
1

3
3

1
1

-

i
i

16
9
7

11
7
4

5
2
3

180 o v e r

CONTINUED

$
$
$
110.50
98.00- 12 2. 50
127.00 10 9.50-137.50
95.00— 1 1A.00
106.50
119.50 105.00— 1A 1.00
90.50— 1OA . 00
96.00
95.00- 11 6. 00
100.00

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------------FINA NC E4 -----------------------------------------

520
1A2
378
5A
91
117

38.5
39.0
38.5
39.5
39.0
38.0

$
111.50
125.50
106.50
120.50
96.00
103.50

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS 8 -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RE T A IL TRADE ------------------------------FI NANCE4 -----------------------------------------

961
30 A
657
116
228

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0
38.0

87.50
93.00
85.00
77.00
81.00

85.50
90.00
8 A. 00
78.00
82.00

78.00- 95.00
82.00-102.50
76.50- 92.50
73.00- 8A.50
76.00- 88.00

clerks,

1A5
67

38.5
39.0

96.00
99.00

93.50
96.50

90 .5 0-102.00
79.00-107.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------------FIN AN C F4 -----------------------------------------

A96
90
A06
86
251

38.5
36.5
38.5
38.0
38.5

7A.00
80.00
73.00
65.00
70.00

71.50
79.00
69.50
63.50
69.00

66.0073.006A.5061.0066.00-

80.00
85.50
76.00
71.00
73.00

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------- ----------F INA N CE4 -----------------------------------------

371
98
273
194

38.0
39.5
37.5
37.0

70.50
73.50
69.50
67.00

70.00
75.00
6 8.00
66.00

6A.0070.0063.0062.00-

75.00
79.00
73.00
70.50

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------

AA1
187
25 A
100
15 A

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

83.50
87.00
81.00
93.00
73.00

82.00
3A.00
80.00
91.00
72.50

73.50- 92.50
79.00- 95.00
70.50- 88.50
80.00- 10 9. 00
63.50- 81.50

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------

366
189
177
91

99.00
96.00
39.0
39.5 107.50 108.50
38.5
90.00
8 A. 50
38.5
82.00
81.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

3A6
178
168

38.0
39.5
36.5

90.50
93.00
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------F INA N CE4 -----------------------------------------

636
282
35A
89
128

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.0
39.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A SS B -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RE T A IL TRADE ------------------------ *-----F IN AN C E4 -----------------------------------------

691
31A
377
60
62
170

38.5
39.5
38.0
39.5
38.5
38.0

f i l e , c l a s s a ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes a t end of table.




1 70

and
u n d er
60

WOMEN -

I

i

*

1A
13
i

1A

93
44
46

93

111
A
107
6
101

115
29
86
14
68

39
15
2A
3
17

A8
20
28
6
7

32
2
30
6

90
12
78
71

78
13
65
5A

94
2A
70
27

44
30
1A
6

3A
16
18
17

4
i
3
1

2
1
1

57
4
53

14
7
7

52
25
27
22
5

110
55
55
9
46

28
15
13
13
“

34
20
1A
1A
~

16
15
1

2
2

_

-

i

-

7

2

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

7

2

-

-

-

-

5

18

-

18
18
-

1
1

-

-

_

2

1

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

i

-

“

-

-

2

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

15
3
12
11
1

11
2
9
9

19
12
7
7

5

-

-

_

_

-

-

9
8
i
i

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

22
13
9
“

23
19
A

13
8
•
>
-

23
10
13
7

9
b
4
-

2
2

3
i
2

2
2
-

12
10
?

_

2

-

-

1
1

2
2

2
2
-

-

1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

"

53

7

55
15
AO
4
36

1

16
6
10
5
5

82 .5 0-116.50
93.00- 12 1. 00
73 .0 0-10A.00
69.50- 90.50

-

15

16
2
1A
13

25
1
2A
9

17
5
12
10

38
12
26
19

22
9
13
6

A5
29
16
9

2A
18
6
4

21
11
10
2

17
11
6
i

28
28

90.00
92.00
88.00

80.00- 99.00
81 .5 0-100.50
77.50- 98.00

6

6

-

2A
16
8

38
19
19

51
33
18

35
9
26

57
35
22

38
21
17

25
13
12

15
9
6

11
6
5

2
1
1

9
3
6

9A.50
99.00
91.00
86.00
87.50

93.00
98.00
90.00
85.00
88.50

85 .5 0- 10 A. 00
88.50- 11 0. 50
82.50- 98.50
7A.OO- 93.00
78.50- 95.00

_

-

6

-

“
-

-

49
2
A7
30
17

38
17
21
8
13

53
23
30
7
15

112
AO
72
13
20

99
37
62
15
26

78
35
A3
5
15

51
36
15
2

A3
17
26
1

15
5
10

6

6

6A
53
11
3
l

23
1A
9
3
3

90.00
92.00
87.50

89.00
92.50
83.50
90.00
88.50
78.00

79 .5085.0075.0086.5079 .0072.00-

27

75
9

76
21
55

101
A8
53

80
31
A9
20
12
1A

132
9A
38
20
10
8

78
63
15

32
26

5
A
1

5
5

88 .0 0

88.00
77.50

96.50
97.50
9A.00
9A.00
99.00
83.00

-

-

“

“

15
11

6

12
“
12

6

6
-

6

_

-

4

-

-

-

-

4
-

27

66

~

A

-

-

-

3
2A

6

9
39

4

35

6

5
A2

-

6

-

1A
2
12
4

3
3

6

-

8

6

1

-

-

5
5

2
1
1

53
3
50

-

6
6
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S

Median 2

Middle range 2

WOMEN -

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

$
115

120

125

t
130

«
160

t
150

$
160

$
170

16
13

75

80

85

90

95

100

38
18

27
21

51

65

21

12

12

8

8

20
5
15
6
9

56
9
65
8
37

116
61
75
1
10
6
35

179
65
136
6
10
8
63

250
82
168
10
36
10
62

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

65

180

and

O
h“

60

t

$
70

1

Mean2

60

O

55
an d
under

ift

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of --t

4*

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Average
weekly
hours1
' standard)

-

-

-

7
7
2

6
6
3

105

110

115

120

212
76
138
3
16
5
79

183
66
117
2
26
6
76

215
115
100
1
3
13
53

261
163
98
7
15
26
25

209
87
12 2
7

5
2
3
2

2
2
2

9
4

16
8
8
8

27
15
12
10

61
2
39
20

19
19
17

65
6
39
33

125

130

160

150

160

170

180

32
39

266
1 61
105
11
31
3
23

125
88
37
7
1
12
10

297
179
118
33
32
1
15

119
63
56
30
1

75
28
67
25
5
10

50
22
28
12
15
-

13
8
5
6
1
“

18
4
16
6
9
1

7
1
6
3

13
5
8
6

35
19
16
4

26
16
10

6
2
2
-

11
1
10
2

6
4
-

1
1
-

6

9

55
26
31
7

60
18
62
26

37
16
23
11

68
18
30
27

51
16
37
13

4
2
2
l

67
44
23
8

33
19
16
1

31
17
16
8

8
7
i
-

6
6
-

8
2
6
-

77
29
68
2

61
38
23
5
i
-

163
95
68
16
10
-

67
62
25
7
-

12
9
3
3
-

18
9
9
~

2
2
-

9

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

8
2
6
6

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

over

CONTINUED
$

228
J

*

,t#w v

$

$

$

»

1

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -----------------------------—
F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

2 ,636
1 ,2 0 0
1,6 3 6
161
222
125
552

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
116 .5 0
109.00
1 3 6.00
116 .5 0
107 .0 0
99.5 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 6.00
1 0 5 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
98.5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

6
6
6

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A SS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING----------------------------FI NANCE4 ------------------------------------------

199
82
117
50

3 8.5
39 .5
3 8 .0
3 7.5

125.00
1 2 6.50
126.00
1 1 8.00

1 2 6 .0 0
127 .5 0
125 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------FI NANCE4 ------------------------------------------

698
186
316
186

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 8.0

117.50
127 .0 0
112 .0 0
106 .5 0

11 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

6
6
6

-

-

-

-

5
5
6

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------FI NANCE4 --------------- ----- ---------------------

887
619
668
47
66
167

3 8 .5
3 9.5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .0

116 .5 0
125 .0 0
109 .0 0
126 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
93.0 0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 9.00
12 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-•
—
-

2
2
2

3
3
3

6
-•
6
6

15
15
8

15
2
13
2
8

59
2
57
3
28

69
7
62
3
2
27

51
3
68
1
3
30

67
20
27
5
15

56
28
26
1
3
ii

83
67
36
4
5

i

123
86
37
7
10
3

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FI NANCE4 ------------------------------------------

959
515
666
81
169

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9.0
3 7.0

100.00
1 0 3.50
96.0 0
101 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

5
-

33
9
26
26

94
39
55
8
21

85
28
57
22

153
71
82
19
11

136
71
65
13
26

81
60
61
11
23

82
61
21
7

112
81
31
6
4

65
35
30
1

35
22
13
6
2

36
36
-

5

16
5
9
6
3

-

19
16
3
i
-

-

3
1
2
2
~

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

1 ,0 5 7
296
763
173
128
39 7

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .5

93.5 0
9 5 .5 0
93.0 0
1 1 5.00
9 6 .0 0
! • JU

89.5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 0 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

-

65
65
2
63

57
3
56
2
52

127
13
116
12
10
08

165
65
100
10
23
51

166
69
77
3
16
58

132
52
80
23
10
36

77
15
62
10
22
22

58
22
36
7
16

53
32
21
1
15

29
8
21
8
6

36
11
23
6

61
8
33
12
5

27
8
19
16
3

29
7
22
22
-

37
1
36
36
-

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------FI NANCE4 ------------------------------------------

519
191
328
51
186

3 8 .5
39.5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
37.0

1 0 3.50
1 0 7.50
1 01.00
1 1 0.50
9 1 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 1.00
9 8 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0

-

-

16
16
7
9

29
5
26
10
16

59
10
69
3
65

33
12
21

-

2
2
~
2

18

55
23
32
30

65
13
32
29

66
20
26
2
13

26
10
16
2

60
16
26
11

69
66
23
6

61
26
17
5
~

18
6
12
5
3

35
5
30
13
2

5
1
4
6
-

4
2
2
2
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

79
50

39.5
39.5

1 0 5 .5 0
108 .0 0

1 0 5.50
10 8 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

-

_

_

-

-

4
3

6
3

12
1

5
5

11
8

6
6

5

-

3
-

16

-

5
5

8
7

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C L A S S B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

228
209
61

39.5
3 9 .5

83.0 0
82 .5 0

81.0 0
7 9 .0 0

22
22

36
36

35
35

19
18

20
19

26
17

15
12

16
12

21
20
16

3
1

16
16
11

6
6

_

_

-

-

S ee fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




J

*

7 0 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 -

96.0 0
9 5 .0 0

-

_
-

8
-

5

-

5

-

9

9

9

9

9

9

9

3

_
1
1

-

-

-

2
4
i

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

10
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
fstandard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

»
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

t

60

65

70

*

$
75

80

s

$
85

90

S

$

$
95

100

105

$
110

t
1 15

$

%

120

125

$
130

$
140

$
150

$
160

170

180

-

an d

170

180

over

-

-

-

“

“

~

2
“

_

1
“

_

2

and
u n d er
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

-

2
~
2
“

15
15
-

16
6
10
4

13
2
11
6

78
23
55
32

35
17
18
8

66
52
14
~

45
24
21
5

18
1
17
8

34
24
10
“

7
5
2
~

3
3

10
10

9
8

9
9

9
9

3
3

15
8

9
6

3
2

10

8

7
3

2

51
19
32
32

44
7
37
35

23
2
21
20

44
9
35
27

27
8
19
15

25
19
6
4

21
6
15
2

10
5
5

9
9

i

i

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

4
i
3

i

i

-

1

i

-

-

-

-

102
69
33

103
66
37

106
82
24

133
116
17

29
25
4

24
21
3

32
27
5

ii
6
5

4
2

4
3
1

_

_
-

9

5
2
3
3

6
6
-

120

125

l 30

11
3
8
8

-

140

150

160

W EN - CONTINUED
OM
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------

351
182
169
72

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

$
9 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

$
9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

$
$
8 2 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 5 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 1 0 0 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

too

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

-

71

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

262
85
177
135

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

8 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0

-

~

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

736
498
238
93
92

9 2 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 1 .5 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
9 2 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 3 . 5 0
3 8 .0
8 0 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 8 6 .5 0

2
2
-

3
3
2

10
10
7

58
22
36
12
21

83
59
24
17

17

17

11
3

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
-----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4 --------------------------------------

1 ,1 1 8
319

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

7 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 4 . 5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 7 7 .0 0

12

52
1
51
-

155
16
139
2
5
9
123

247
40
207
5
14
24
157

200
51
149
6
20
20
103

95
20
75
4
8
20
39

96
27
69

127
69
58

799

27
76
154
501

8 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

12
~
12

-

~

7
44

5

9

15

-

19
21
18

4
44
2

3

6

2
~

64
42

28
25

22
3

3
~
-

9
i

1

2
4
5
1

4

“

-

2
-

6
6

-

6
5

4

i
1

-

4

1
1
l

8

32
-

2
2

32
32

-

8

4

6
2
2

l

3
3

2
2

-

_
_
~

-

_

_

—

-

—

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

3
i

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er of w o r k e r s . Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o sitio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e show n. Th e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
5 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11
Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 50 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and i n d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o rk e rs receivin g
s

$
55

weekly
Mean2

(standard)

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
60

65

s
70

$
75

$
80

5

F
85

90

tra ig h t -tim e w eekly e arn in g s of—

$
95

$
100

S
105

n o

1
>
115

s

1
12 0

s
1 25

s

%

130

140

150

$

$
16C

170

and
under
60

180
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1
1

105

1

3

n o

11 5

1 20

12 5

130

150

160

1

100

1 40

1 70

1 HO o v e r

MEN
C LA jj
NONMANUFACTURING

CLERKS,

^9 7
31

cc3
A

ACCOUNTING,

r

n

139

NONMANUFACTURING
^0
fU

TABULATING-MACHINE

$

$

A

$

$

1

1” 8*00
*
1 6 0 .0 0
109 .0 0
115 .5 0
97.0 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

1

1 4 7 .5 0 -1 7 1 .0 0

3 9 .5 1 0 9 .5 0
11 5 .0 0
AH* ft
4 0 .0 1 0 1.50

1

1

J~ * 'n
j.n n 1 3 " * " 0
7? ^
4 0 *, 0 1 5 8 . 5 0

39 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

79 50
80.0 0
79.00

7 3 50
78.0 0
71.0 0

1

7 2 .0 0 -

2

1
7

83 .5 0

f

1

6

Q

1-4
12

8
3r?

1

'

17

a

2
11

6

7

15
5
10

1

1

2

1

97

1Z

3 9 .5

1
1

1

1
1

:

6

16

2

6

3
3

3

1

3

3
1

*

1
1

2

13

2

•

n

17

OPERATORS,

NONMANUFACTURING

1‘

1

3

15

8

3

2

n
8
5

W
7

.
'
1

1

40
j_4
7

5

12
3
3

1
1

2

2

2
12

5

6

3

34
23

1
2

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
9 9 .0 0

5

1

WOMEN

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
C LA SS B

OPERATORS,

CLERKS,

CL

ACCOUNTING,

70
7??
i-

CL l k KS f

A0 0 0 UN1 1 pJ ,

3 8.5

r

CL ASS

3 * r
*

B

03..>0
1 1 8 .0 0
111.0 0

8 3 .00
, , g nr,
1 0 t * cn
1 1 11 . -- n
11 *

«q
■
86 .0 0

*-n
93*50
8 3 .5 0

191
384

F ILE,

CL ASS

CLERKS,

FILL,

3 8.5

98.00
-?ft no

t

3 8.0
3 8.0

C

6* 00
7 0 .0 0

6^*00
68.5 0

„
-,/*
71
67

nn
r»n
nn
00

FINANCE4 ----------u L L K I\ j ,

1 1 LL f

—

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5

73.0 0
T 9 .0 0

7 Z . nn
7T*00

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

80.0 0

198
71
84

u L Aj j
60

173
NONMANUFACTURING

clf: r k s ,

payroll

—

NONMANUFACTURING

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e nd o f t a b l e .




J
14
172
ft ft
69

/ r» ft

97.5 0

no*5o

7

3
11

7 6 .5 0 -

95 .0 0

?
12

3

72.50

1-3
1

82 .5 0
81 .5 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 126 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 86.5 0

3

9

57
53
53
6

11
1
5

1

32

*44
63

50

27

16

7

1

1

4C

1^
18

3
7

6
3

3

>0
15

30
18

10
9

w

**

10

17

7
1
12

9

10

7

1-4
'

7?

33

IF

8

11

3

1

1

10
2

1

3

1

i

2

3

1

2
2

6

1

2
2

i

2

1

1

5

1
11
3
8

19
^7
;

11

j

3
1

14
13
l

2

1

2

6

3
3

6

6

1
1

1

3

12
12

1

2

1
1

43
20

77

3

16

1

*
9

12

2

3

1

2
35

62
16
46

t2

6
35

16
64

16
45

fT

'

1

2
1-4
5

1-8
75

fj

3d

2

67

A

18
UP
17
T/

6 4 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 -

r
J 7

1

J,
6 5 .5 0 -

7
1-0
l

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

1

9 3 .0 0
114 .5 0

8

.

71 Kft
7 c; on
7n *n
67*"0

CL ASS

A

12

92 .5 0

94 .0 0

3 8.5

3d*"

CLERKS,

39 ^
3 9 .0

103

NONMANUFACTURING
RE TA IL TRADE

7 1 .0 0 -

*

1
3

8

2

1

1

6

-

-

12

Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(sta idard)
N

U

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly ea rn in g
t

Average
weekly

$
55

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

%

60

65

$

%

70

75

s

$
80

85

S
90

95

100

%

105

no

i

*

1 15

$
120

125

S

$
130

1 40

t
150

s
180

O
o

105

no

115

120

1 25

1 30

1 40

150

160

1 70

180

over

25
8

18
6

15
9

11
6

2
l

9
3

3
I

2
2

12
10

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

68
23
45
15
23

62
35
27
5
12

39
24
15
2
6

23
14
9
i
4

55
47
8
3
i

13
5
8

19
14
5
3

_
-

_
-

1
l

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

5
5

2
1
1

53
3
50

-

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

6

12
-

6

9
i

13

14
3

23
3

16
5

6
6
6

47
2
45
30
15

32
17
15
8
7

38
16
22
7
14

71
27
44
13
20

17

3 7 .0
39 .5

$
9 5 .0 0
1 1 1.00

$
95.0 0
107 .0 0

$
$
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTJRI N G ---------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------F INA N CE4 ------------------------------------------

476
227
249
87
108

39 .5
3 9.5
39 .5
3 9 .0
3 9.5

9 4 .0 0
100 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
85.0 0
8 6 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
99.0 0
89.0 0
84.5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
7 9 .0 0 - 97.0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 92.5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 94.5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

370
166
204
59
90

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .0
38 .5
3 9 .0

94.5 0
97.0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
75.5 0

9 3 .0 0
95.5 0
84.5 0
89 .0 0
75 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 - 99.5 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

4

17
3
14

31
1
30
3
27

40
ll
29
9
20

30
5
25
5
20

28
9
19
12
4

64
54
10
10
-

55
51
4
3
-

19
13
6
6
-

10
2
8
8
-

5
4
i

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------RE T A IL TRADE -------------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

1 ,4 2 5
911
614
124
107
289

3 9.5
3 9 .5
39 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 8.5

116.50
1 1 8.50
1 1 4.00
142.50
1O R .00
9 7 .5 0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
143 .5 0
113 .5 0
96.5 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

.
-

2

3

31
9
22

94
41
53
2
43

109
53
56
i
4
51

74
37
37

”

80
25
55
2
4
49

3
32

12 3
74
49
i
12
34

134
39
45
7
19
15

103
45
58
4
31
16

13 0
10 5
25
2
3
5

77
53
24
3
11
2

A -----------------------

64

3 8 .5

130.50

1 2 4 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0

-

-

2

2

4

5

6

7

7

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------FI N A N C E4------------------------------------------

205
90
11 5
78

39.0
39 .5
3 8 .5
3 8.5

123.50
1 3 9.00
1 1 1.00
1 0 3.50

1 2 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
107 .0 0
104 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 4 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

SECRE T A R I F S , C LA SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

593
346
252
118

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8 .5

1 1 9.50
1 2 6.50
110.00
9 4 .0 0

1 2 2 .5 0
125 .5 0
106 .5 0
94.0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

-

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS 0 ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

489
357
13 2

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39.0

1 0 3.00
104.00
1 0 1.00

105 .0 0
105.50
102.00

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

~

-

-

-

2

3

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUF ACTUR I N G ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------F IN AN C E4 ------------------------------------------

462
159
303
160
98

39.5
39 .5
3 9.5
4 0.0
3 9 .0

101.50
1 0 0.50
1 0 2.00
117.00
8 1 .5 0

95 .5 0
99.5 0
94.0 0
122.00
81.00

8 4 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

"

7
7
2
5

STENOGRAPHERS, SE N IO R ------------------------MANUFACTURIN G---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

312
1‘ 4
168
49

39 .5
3 9.5
39.5
3 9 .0

1 0 9.50
111.00
1 0 8.00
110 .5 0

113 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
110 .0 0
1 2 5.00

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

CLASS

4

-

4

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

2

3

7
15

55
34
21
1
3
17

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
i
i

2
2
1

14
2
12
10

10

13
2
11
8

9

17
3
14
2
12

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

6

-

_

6

_
-

_

-

208
15 2
56
30
1
3

93
43
50
26

59
24
35
25

31
18
13
12

1

-

3

7

4

1
1

_
-

9
4
5
4

-

10
5
5
4
1
-

9

4

1

i

-

-

10
10
8

25
5
20
17

13
1
12
9

11
2
9
8

6
5
l
1

4
2
2
1

40
37
3
l

27
15
12
l

19
13
6
-

4
3
1
-

-

31
1
30
28

32
2
30
27

28
3
25
24

29
14
15
15

44
28
16
11

33
23
10
1

35
22
13
l

92
76
16
-

52
34
18
-

1 31
95
36
-

47
26
21
-

10
9
1
-

9
9

2
2

-

-

-

35
22
13

52
39
13

63
50
13

31
23
8

49
41
8

82
64
18

49
21
28

24
21
3

16
16
-

18
16
2

_

3
i
2

2
2
-

_

-

_

_

u

40
32
8

-

-

38
7
31
l
26

60
i«
42
10
26

41
22
19
3
13

66
17
4 )
23
12

38
14
24
10
3

35
22
13
7

21
19
2
1

13
4
9
8

20
11
)
9

18
6
12
12

22
8
14
14

29
7
22
22

_

_
_
-

_

8

10

21
13
8

23
13
10

22
10
12

28
14
14

56
46
10

34

10
10

17
7
10

l 7

8
7

22
3
19
3

15
6
9
5
7

10
3

3

20

-

-

-

9

-

i

l)

3

7

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

4

4

5

11

11

5

5

5

SK ITC HB 01R O OPc/.ATORSt

8 -------

147
123
40

8 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
104 .0 0
73.50

86 .0 0
83.50
10 3 .5 0
71.50

7 4 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
6 4 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0

-

12
12

12
12

16
15

8
4
4

2

11
11
11

4
4
4

_

_

_

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

9

6

-

-

19
18
14
3

-

10

20
13
2
9

12
9
4

15

14
13
l
3

_

-

16
16

55

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0.0
3 9 .0

51

3 9.0

1 0 0.00

93.0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

7

11

5

5

2

t

3

4

-

3

6

-

2

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTI ON I S T S -

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f < T.1e,
’-

.

13

*

9 8 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

28

1
l

_
_
_

_
_

4
2
2
2

1 0 6 .5 0

-

_

-

_

5
1
4
4

30
2

1 0 7 .0 0

-

-

?
?
-

_
-

3 9.5

-

_

3
3

l
36
36

64

-

1
3

16

A -------

CL A SS

_

16
15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CL A SS

_________

-

8

-

16
5

U TILITIE S3
TRADE --------------------------------

_

-

8
:>

-

*

~

8

-

-

e
-




—
170

CONTINUED

196
5B

PUBL IC
RE T A IL

i

160

and

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R E S ----------------------------------

SECRET A R I F S ,

of—
$

and
u n d er
60

WOMEN -

$

i

_
_
_

_

_

_

-

_
_

_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

13

Table A-la. Office Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
by in d u s try d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a i g h t- tim e w eekly e arn in g s of—
$

$

WOKEN -

60

65

*
70

*
75

*
80

60

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

65

70

75

80

-

~

-

3
3

-

16
5

3

10

3
-

10
-

M“ " 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

*

$

*

(

$

85

90

95

100

105

no

1 15

120

125

130

140

150

160

1 70

1 -----180

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

120

125

130

1 60

1 50

160

170

180

over

10
10

9
8

9
9

5
5

3
3

10
8

9
6

3
2

4
2

7
3

2

8

2
-

-

l
-

-

-

2

-

-

8
6

10
8

9
9

13
11

10
6

11
8

7
5

“

1

1
l

i
i

-

l
l

1
L

53
22
31
12
16

73
56
19
3
16

97
67
30
9
17

97
60
37
15
17

93
70
23
11

117
1 08
9
3

21
17
4
2

21
21

32
27
5
6

11
6
5
-

4
2
2
-

6
3
1
-

30
30
30

_
-

-

1

55

57
15
42
2

82
15
67
5

92
25
67
6

49
15
34
4

52
27
25
-

85
69
16
-

52
42
10
-

28
25
-

2
1

5
2
3
3

6
6
-

6
5
1
1

4
4
-

8
6
2
2

4
i
3
3

-

4

and
under

an d

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL ASS 8 -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

85
61

38.5
3 8 .0

$
10 2 .5 0
96.0 0

$
1 0 2.00
9 1 .0 0

TRANSC RI BIN S- MAC HIN E OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

87
62

39.5
39.5

86 .0 0
88 .0 0

86.0 0
86.5 0

7 5 .0 0 78 .0 0 -

96.0 0
9 6 .5 0

-

T Y P I S T S , CL ASS A ---------------------------------MAN UFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I l I T I E S 3------------------------r i »

668
657
211
89

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9.5

9 1 .5 0
91.5 0
92.0 0
10 3 .5 0
« u . uu

90.0 0
9 2 .0 0
86 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
« U . 5U

8 1 .5 0 - 98 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 98.5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 97 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0

2
2
-

T Y P I S T S , CL ASS B ---------------------------------MAN'JF AC JUKI N G ---------------------------------N ON K AN 'JF A C ru R I N G ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

565
262
283
27

85 .5 0
92 .0 0
7 9.50
96 .5 0

83.5 0
92.5 0
7 7 .00
81.0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 96 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 98.5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 86.50
7 5 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

7 5.50

75.5 0

166

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
6 0 .0

$
$
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

9
i
8
-

3

~

6

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




14

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig it - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of ---

s

S

weekly
hours1
(standard)

Mean2

Middle range 2

$

80

90

90

-

s

$

t

S

1

$

$

S

$

V

t

I

$

i

t

s

1

------

95

100

105

110

11 5

120

125

130

14 0

15 0

1 60

1 70

180

190

200

210

220

95

100

105

110

115

120

1 2 5 ... 13-S

140

J50_

1 60

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

0

Median 2

U nder

85

85

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

80

$

r4

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

3
3

36
30

24
24

22
20

70
57
13

97
75
22

159
91
68

95
63
32

42
29
13

45
33

14

-

11
7

6

21
13

19
15

39
31

38
33

31
26

51
49

39
26

32
26

55

35

5

5
4
1

1

44

1
1

1
1

8
5

18

8

5
5

and
unde r

MEN

U ' M| 1

*L ;N
. J

U LA J

J

?*,

r\

$

$

$

315

4 0 .0

187.50

1 9 1 .0 0

ORAF TSMEN, C LA SS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

637
646
193

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

153 .0 0
15 1 .0 0
1 5 4 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

_

%u.u

1 5 2 .5 0
150 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, C LA SS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

383
283

3 9.5
3 9 .0

117 .0 0
115.50

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

ii

3Q *0

-

-

4

7

9 ^ * 0 0 1 0 7 3 * ""0
9

J

F3

3

i

10

l

_

12

1

1
~

2

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

WOMEN
N U R S E S , INDUST RIA L
MANUFACTURING

(REGISTFREDI

-----

-----------------

124
96

3 9 .5
3 9.5

1 3 5 .0 0
138.00

13 5 .0 0
13 7 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0

_

_

_

i

l

3
1

16
14

9

36
28

23
17

18

_

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .




and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

15

Table A-2a. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eek ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
W eekly e a r n in g s1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

A ve rage
w eek ly
hours 1
( standard)

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

150

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

85

Sex , occupation, and in d u stry d iv isio n

80

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

150

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2V)

U nder
$
and
80
u n der

$

$

DRAFTSMFN, C LA SS A -----MANUFACTURING ---------

311
268

50.0
5 0 .0

1 8 8.00
189.00

191 .0 0
193 .5 0

$
$
1 7 5 .0 0 1 7 5 .0 0 -

20 2 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CL ASS B ----MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

508
319

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0

15 9 .0 0
1 5 6.00
1 69.00

1 5 8 .5 0
156 .5 0
1 6 7.00

1 5 3 .0 0 1 5 1 .0 0 1 5 9 .5 0 -

17 3 .0 0
1 6 9.50
189.50

3 1.0
3 9 .0

1 17.50
1 16.50

1 1 7.00
116 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 5 .5 0 -

1 2 8.50
127 .0 0

3 9.5
39 .0

95 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

93.0 0
93.5 0

3 9.5
3 9.5

135.00
1 38.00

1 3 5.00
13 7 . 0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----MANUFACTURING --------O R A F T S M F N - T R A C E R S ------MANUFACTURING ---------

N U R S E S , INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

289
256

133
109

12

77
67

12

10

29
11

8 3 .5 0 - 99 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

1 2 5 .5 0 1 2 7 .5 0 -

1 5 7.50
1 5 0.00

S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rkw eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l.

and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 e arnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S * MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------P U BLI C U T I L I T F E V ------

$
83.0 0
81 .0 0
93 .5 0

A\ erage

A ve rage

O ccupation and in d u stry div isio n

BILLERS,

MACHINE

Num ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




3 9.0
3 9.5
5 0 .0

N um ber
of

wotker*

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

(BOOKKEEPING

-

Weekly

WeeVV

hours *

(standard)

eamintrs 1
(r tp n - ri)

3 9.0

$
86.00

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

TO

37*5

$
7 - ..

^77

139
95
33

O ccupation and ind u stry div isio n

37*^

95.0 0

j

0

259
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

151

3 3.0

82 .0 0

3^*0

85 .5 0

16

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined---Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
Average

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

O F F IC E OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

i».™

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

835
314
521
111
94
146

39.0
3 9.0
3 9.0
3 8.5
3 9 .0
38.0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RE T A IL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE 3------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 4
419
745
124
237

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 9.0
3 8 .0

91.00
98.0 0
87.0 0
77.0 0
82 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A SS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

157
79

3 ft.5
3 9.0

98.00
102.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL A SS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------R E T A IL T R A D E -------------------------------FI N A N C E3------------------------------------------

524
97
42 7
35
86
253

3 8.5
3 9 .0
38.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 8 .5

76 .5 0
80 .5 0
75 .5 0
1 2 5.00
65.0 0
70 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL A SS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------FI N A N C E3 ------------------------------------------

412
115
29 7
205

3H .0
4 0 .0
37 .5
3 7.0

7 2 .50
73.5 0
7 2 .0 0
67.0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

539
193
346
178
168

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
91.00
105.00
75.50

C L E R K S , PAYROLL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------------------

509
329
180
91

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 8.5

112.50
124 .5 0
91 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

348
180
168

3 8 .0
3 9.5
3 6.5

90.5 0
93 .5 0
87.50;

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------FI N A N C E3 ------------------------------------------

638
283
355
90
128

3 9 .0
39 .5
3 8 .0
3 9.0
39 .0

94.5 0
98.5 0
91.0 0
8 6 .5 0
87 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------------------F INA N CE3 -----------:------------------------------

696
315
381
60
62
170

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 9.5
3 8.5
3 8 .0

90.0 0
92.0 0
8 8 .0 0
88.00
8 8 .0 0
77.5 0

13 6 .5 0
1 13.00
1 28.50
96.0 0
104.50

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F I C E OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

O FF IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

433
227
206
69
95

39.0
4 0 .0
38.5
39.5
3 7.5

$
77 .0 0
80 .0 0
74.00
82.0 0
6 7 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 4-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE 3------------------------------------------

2 ,669
1,202
1,467
186
222
125
552

38.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
39.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8.0

11 3 .0 0
116 .5 0
110.00
1 4 0.00
114.50
1 07.00
99 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS A ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------FI N A N C E3------------------------------------------

199
82
117
50

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 7.5

1 25.00
126 .5 0
1 24.00
118.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

498
184
314
184

3 8.5
3 9.5
38 .0
3 8 .0

117.50
127.00
112.00
106.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS C ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

892
420
472
47
66
147

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

116 .5 0
125 .0 0
109.00
124.00
1 23.50
93.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------FINANCE 3------------------------------------------

962
516
446
81
149

3 8 .0
39 .0
3 7.0
3 9.0
3 7.0

100.00
103.50
96 .0 0
101.50
9 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------FI N A N C E3------------------------------------------

1,072
294
778
188
123
397

3 9 .0
3 9.5
38 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
37 .5

94.0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
116.50
9 6 .0 0
81 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SE N IO R -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------FINANCE 3------------------------------------------

524
191
333
54
184

3 8.5
3 9.5
3 8.0
3 9 .0
3 7.0

104 .0 0
107.50
101.50
1 1 3.00
91 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

79
50

3 9 .5
3 9.5

1 0 5.50
108.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

228
209
41
78

3 9 .5
39.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

83 .0 0
82 .5 0
1 0 4.00
72.5 0

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R - R EC EP TI O N IS T SMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

3 51
182
169
72

38 .5
3 9.0
3 8.5
39.5

$
91.50
93.00
89.50
8 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A SS A -------------------------------------------------MAN UFACTURING----------------------------------

91
53

3 9.0
3 9.5

132.50
1 41.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------

237
102
135
53

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 8.5

114.50
1 2 4.50
1 07.50
1 08.00

TARULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS C -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

102
60

3 8.5
3 8.0

9 6 .5 0
88.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPFRATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

262
85
177
135

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 8.5

82.50
8 4 .5 0
81 .5 0
77.00

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------F IN A N C E 3------------------------------------------

788
500
288
143
9?

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.0
39 .5
38 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
100.00
115.50
80 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CL AS S B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RE T A IL TRADE -------------------------------F IN A N C E3 ------------------------------------------

1 ,1 2 0
320
800
28
76
154
501

3 8.5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

80 .5 0
89 .0 0
76 .5 0
95.50
80 .5 0
82.5 0
72.50

DRAFTSMEN, CL ASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

395
316

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

184.00
1 8 7.50

DRAFTSMEN, CL ASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

640
445
195

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2.50
1 5 0.00
157.50

DRAFTSMEN, CL ASS C -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

390
285
105

3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0

1 17.00
1 15.50
1 2 1.00

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ---------------------------- —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

155
112

3 9.5
3 9 .0

93 .5 0
95 .0 0

N U R SE S, INDUS TR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

125
97

3 9 .5
39.5

135.00
1 3 8.00

PRO FESSIONA L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s
c o r r e sp o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a te ly .




17

Table A-3a. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Large Establishments—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

A ve rage

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earn in gs 1
(standard)

OF FI CE OC CUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
C LA SS 8 ----------------------------------------

72

38 .5

83.0 0

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS A —
MAN UFACTURING------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

486
237
249

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0

130.50
141 .5 0
120.50

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS B —
MAN UFACTURING------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE2 --------------------------------

714
274
440
114
58

39 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 9.0
3 9 .0

9 3 .0 0
101.50
8 8 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL AS S A --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

115
52

38.5
3 9.5

100.50
107.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL AS S B --------------NONMANUFACTURINC ------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------FI NANCE2 ---------------------------------

261
217
35
71
84

3 9 .0
3 8.5
39 .5
38 .0
3 8.0

80.5 0
7 9 .5 0
125.00
6 6 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , CL A SS C --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINA NC E2 --------------------------------

240
77
163
B7

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5
3 8.5

7 5 .50
74 .0 0
76.00
6 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , ORDER -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------R E TA IL TRADE -----------------------

186
160
157

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 6.00
75.00

C L E R K S , PAYROLL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------R E TA IL TRADE -----------------------

29 2
201
91
69

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 3 .5
3 3 .0

1 2 0 .5 0
138.00
82.5 0
79.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------MANUFAC TURI NG -------------------------

198
60

3 7 .0
39.5

95.0 0
111.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS A ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------F IN AN C E2 ---------------------------------

478
228
250
88
108

39.5
3 9.5
39.5
3 9.0
3 9.5

94.5 0
1 0 0.00
89 .5 0
85.5 0
86.5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LA SS B ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------R E T A IL TRADE ----------------------FI N A N C E2 ---------------------------------

375
167
208
59
90

39.5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
38.5
3 9 .0

95 .0 0
97.0 0
9 3 .0 0
39.0075.50

A verage

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of

W eekly
e am in gs 1
(standard)

328
193
135
69

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 9.5

^ 9 .0 0
80.00
77 .0 0
82.0 0

- CO NTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE2 ------------------------------------------

1,452
813
639
107
289

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0
3 9 .0
3 8.5

1 17.50
118.50
1 16.00
1 0 8 .0 0
97 .5 0

A -----------------------

64

3 8 .5

130 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS R ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------F IN A N C E2 ------------------------------------------

205
90
115
78

3 9.0
3 9.5
3 8.5
38.5

1 23.50
139 .0 0
l 1 1.00
1 0 3.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , CL A SS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------F IN A N C E2 ------------------------------------------

599
347
252
118

3 9.5
3 9.5
39.0
38.5

1 1 9.50
1 2 6.50
110.00
94.0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

490
358
132

39.5
3 9.5
3 9.0

1 03.50
1 0 4.00
1 0 1.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---- -----------------------PU B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------F INA N CE2 ------------------------------------------

477
159
318
175
98

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 00.50
103 .5 0
119.00
81.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFAC TURI NG ----------------------------------

317
144
173
52

3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.5
3 9.0

1 1 0.00
111 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
113.50

SECRETARIES,

C LA SS

n d n m a n u f a c t u r in g

PU BLI C

--------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------C LA SS A -------

64

3 9.5

107.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CL A SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING----- ----------------------PU B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------------------

147
128
40
55

3 9 .0
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

H 6.50
8 5 .5 0
104.00
73.50

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S-

51

3 9 .0

1 0 0.00

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS A --------------------------------------------------

74

3 9.0

TABULA TING-MACHI NE OPERATORS,
C LA SS 3 -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

182
69
113
5 "i

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5
3 8 .5

$
1 13.50
124.50
106.50
108 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS C -------------------------------------------------------------

73

3 9 .0

100.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

87
62

3 9 .5
3 9.5

86 .0 0
88.0 0

T Y P I S T S , CL ASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------FI NANCE2 ----------------------------------------------------

713
457
261
139
79

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
39 .*5
3 8 .0

95.0 0
91.5 0
100 .5 0
115.50
80 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C LA SS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------------------FINANC'-2 ------------------------------------------

547
263
284
28
84
144

3 9.0
3 9.5
39.0
4 0.0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

86.0 0
92.5 0
7 9.50
95.5 0
77.00
75.5 0

draftsm en,

O FF IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

311
268

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 88.00
1 89.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC -----------------------------

409
320
8 9.

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

159.00
156.00
169.00

CRAFTSMEN, CL ASS C -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R E S ----------------------------------

294
258

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

118 .0 0
1 1 6.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

139
112

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

94.0 0
95.0 0

N U R S F S , IN DUSTR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

120
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 35.50
138 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
c l a s s a ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

132.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w ee k ly h o u rs.
2 F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

and the e a r n in g s

18

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—
$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2.9 0

t
3 .00

i

i

2.80

3 . 10

3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .40

$
3 .5 0

$
3.60

S
3 .7 0

2.40

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3.00

3

10

3 .2 0

3

30

3 .4 0

3 .50

3.6 0

3 .7 0

O
J

Hourly earnings 1

~
-

3
-

7

-

3

5
1
4
1

6
6
i

28
6
27

8
8
-

9
5
4
1

42
2
40
35

45
43
2
~

14
14
-

41
7
34
13

13
9
4
3

15
8
7
2

-

-

-

-

_

-

8

~

-

-

17
15
2

6
i
5

8
3
5

42
40
2

35
34
1

51
49
2

107
32
75

3
2
1

24
24

2

29
29

70
70

*

2

14
12
2

1
-

2

1
1

_

27
20

2
2

-

O ccu p atio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

TTrrrW
workers

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

2 .3 0

$
2 .3 0

353
210
1 A3
65

$
3.51
3 .6 8
3.24
3 .3 2

$
3 .4 4
3 .7 5
3 .1 8
3.19

$
3
3
2
3

-

$
3.99
4 .0 8
3 .4 7
3 .4 9

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONKANUFACTURING -----------------------

674
541
133

3 .7 5
3 .8 0
3 .5 5

3.67
3 .7 3
3 .5 6

3 .5 0 3 .4 9 3 .5 1 -

4 .0 4
4 .1 2
3.61

E N G IN E E R S, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

33 7
269
68

3.5 9
3.62
3.47

3 .5 3
3 .5 0
3 .5 8

3 .4 0 3 .4 0 3 .2 6 -

3 .9 2
3.79
3 .9 5

5

FIR E ME N , STATIONARY BO ILE R ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

72
60

3 .3 2
3 .3 8

3 .2 8
3 .3 3

3 .2 1 3 .2 3 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 4

3
3

_

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRADES -------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

597
203
141

3 .0 1
2.8 7
2 .9 7

2 .9 7
2 .9 3
2 .9 7

2 .8 4 2 .7 3 2 .9 1 -

3 .3 3
3 .0 6
3 .1 8

37
21
9

13
9
9

9
3
3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

137
137

3.5 7
3 .5 7

3 .4 8
3.48

3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

3.76
3 .7 6

_

_

_

M A C H I N IS T S , MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

978
900
78
74

4 .0 1
4 .0 4
3 .6 4
3 .6 7

3.97
3 .9 9
3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3
3
3
3

.6
.6
.5
.5

1
9
3
3

-

4 .5 3
4 .5 5
3 .6 3
3 .6 5

-

-

-

-

~

”

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------

942
313
529
440
57

3 .6 2
3.49
3 .7 0
3 .7 5
3 .4 8

3 .6 5
3 .3 8
3 .6 8
3 .7 0
3 .5 8

3
3
3
3
3

.4
.3
.6
.6
.5

0
3
2
4
2

-

3 .8 3
3 .6 8
3 .9 2
3.94
3 .6 5

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1 ,7 0 6
1 ,5 5 2
154

4 .0 0
4 .0 1
3 .8 7

4 .1 1
4 .1 2
3 .9 3

3 .7 0 3 .7 1 3 .6 1 -

4 .3 5
4 .3 6
4 .3 3

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

164
164

4 .0 6
4.0 6

4 .1 6
4 .1 6

3 .8 1 3 .8 1 -

4 .3 2
4.32

-

_

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

209
134
75

3.3 8
3 .5 8
3.0 2

3.41
3 .5 8
2 .9 9

3 .0 2 3 .2 2 2 .7 5 -

3.76
4 .0 9
3 .4 5

ii
3
8

_
-

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

456
431

3 .8 9
3 .9 1

3 .9 7
4 .0 1

3 .5 2 3 .5 2 -

4 .2 8
4 .2 9

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

183
155

3 .7 6
3 .7 9

3 .6 6
3 .6 8

3 .5 8 3 .6 2 -

3 .9 9
4 .1 5

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

336
329

4 .0 7
4 .0 8

4 .0 5
4.06

3 .8 3 3 .8 4 -

4 .2 8
4 .3 4

-

7
7
0
4

2
~

-

-

~

-

-

5

_

-

"

$
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

t
4.40

4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

3.90

4 .0 0

4.2 0

4.4 0

4 .6 0

4 . 80

over

6
5
i
i

7
4
3
3

23
18
5
5

44
40
4

38
38
-

-

2
2
-

-

*

-

-

93
84
9

45
41
4

46
38
8

35
31
4

83
75
8

24
24

65
65

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

48
26
22

12
11
1

32
32

2
-

20
18
2

37
31
6

-

_
-

4
4

2

27
10
17

-

-

-

_

_

17
17

4
4

_

_

_

-

_

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

%

8

-

2
~

2
2

-

1
-

_

1

-

_

5
5

3
1

-

31
5
3

19
7
3

28
19

31
19
3

175
60
59

50
17
11

25
10
8

16
1
1

46
1
1

39
31
31

25

7

43

_

i

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

6
6

9
9

35
35

16
16

4
4

6
6

34
34

10
10

_

-

6
6

_

“

~

5
5

l
1

2
2

4
4

2
2

2
2

_
~
-

_
-

_
~

~

_
-

18
18
-

56
49
7
7

38
36
2
2

157
157
-

1)0
110
-

164
164
-

14
14
-

“

~

123
111
12
12

32
32
-

~

93
43
50
50

44
44
-

“

32
30
2
2

52
52
-

~

13
9
4
~

23
23

~

9
8
i
i

8
8

2
2
2

19
13
6
1
5

6
3
3
3

147
141
6
2
2

24
19
5

46
12
34
11
23

267
31
2 36
199
21

73
23
50
48
2

16
6
10
10

1 32
16
116
116
“

25
13
12
12
"

41
13
28
28

“

16
14
2
2
“

28
27
l

22
22

7
7

16
15
1

53
53

73
65
8

98
85
13

85
62
23

167
161
6

57
50
7

50
28
22

304
298
6

4
4

_

1
1

4
4

24
24

26
26

-

14
14

-

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

2

-

“

7
7
2

~
_
-

4

-

_

-

_

1
1

-

8

4

-

-

8
4
4

4
*

-

~

1
1
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

436
382
54

19 1
191

60
60

16
16

-

*

30
30

65
65

5
5

-

-

6
3
3

10
10

17
17

12
11
1

16
7

81
77

101
101

40
40

_

-

-

-

8

-

_

-

_

1
1

_

_

-

4
4

4
1
3

15
2
13

10
2
8

6
2
4

16
10
6

12
8
4

19
18
1

6
5
i

27
13
14

5
2
3

14
11

-

3
1
2

-

-

1

_

4

-

4
3

i
i

29
28

26
26

39
38

67
65

22
21

7

18
17

7
7

i

12
12

1
~

6
6

73
2

68
68

7
7

3
3

ii
6

10
10

14
14

18
18

2
2

_

“

2

-

-

i
i

21
20

46
46

6
6

26
23

7
6

142
142

6
6

45
45

29
29

4
4

~

8

-

“

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

“

~
-

~

31
30
l

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts,
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .




*
3 .8 0

and

CARP EN TE RS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

.1
.2
.9
.1

i

and
under
C
O
o

Number

-

-

1

1

3

7

“

“

-

1

-

~

1

19

Table A-4a. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—
Large Establishments
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o re ,
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly e m in gs 1

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

of
workers

M ean2

M e d ian 2

M iddle range 2

3.3 3

$
3 .5 5
3 .9 2
3.41
3 .1 9

$
3
3
3
3

-

$
4 .0 4
4 .0 9
3 .5 6
3.49

3.8 0
3 .8 5
3 .6 0

3 .6 9
3.81
3 .5 6

3 .5 2 3 .5 3 3 .5 2 -

4 .1 0
4 .1 5
3 .6 0

276
228

3.6 7
3 .6 6

3 .5 9
3 .5 7

3 .4 1 3 .3 9 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

FI RE MEN , STATIONARY B O I L E R --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

67
57

3 .3 9
3 .4 4

3 .2 9
3 .3 9

3 .2 3 3 .2 4 -

H E L P E R S , MAINTENANCE TRAOES ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

505
148
141

3 .0 9
2 .9 5
2.97

2 .9 9
2 .9 7
2 .9 7

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

128
128

3 .5 6
3 .5 8

M A C H I N IS T S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

980
808
72
72

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

C A 3 P F N T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------

287
189
98
62

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE ----------------M A N U F A C T U R E S ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

593
<,79
114

EN G IN E E R S , STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFAC TURI NG ----------------------------------

$
3.6 2
3.75
3 .3 9

.2
.3
.1
.1

4
0
5
4

$
£
2 .3 0 2 .4 0
Under
£
and
2 . 3 0 u n d er

£
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

S
$
2 .7 0 2 .8 0

£
2 .9 0

3 .0 0

£
t
£
b
$
3 . 1 0 3 20 3 30 3 40 3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

£
3 .7 0

£
£
$
3 80 3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0

2 .4 0 2 .5 0

Num ber

2 .6 0

2 . 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 90 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0

-

6
5
i
i

37
2
35
32

37
35
2
~

9
9
-

33
7
26
13

13
9
4
3

15
3
7
2

6
5
1
1

7
4
3
3

23
13
5
5

44
40
4
-

3
1
2

6
i
5

4
3
i

38
36
2

27
26
l

46
44
2

100
26
74

73
64
9

40
36
4

43
38
6

32
31
1

2
~

3
2

24
24

2
-

6
6

29
29

36
36

40
26

12
11

32
32

2

1

_

i
i

_

27
20

2
2

_

“

7
7

-

-

-

~
"

-

and

~

-

-

-

£
i
£
$
4 . 2 0 4 . 4 0 4 . 60 4 . * 0

-

3
i
2
1

6
6
i

6
6
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

-

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

over

38
38
~
-

-

2
2
-

2
2

83
75
8

24
24

65
65

9
9

27
10

20
18

37
31

"

17
17

4
4

-

-

-

~

~

_

-

1

-

3 .8 3
3 .8 4

-

-

-

5
s

3
i

-

2 .9 2 2 .9 1 2 .9 1 -

3 .3 a
3 .1 7
3 .1 8

14
10
9

13
9
9

9
3
3

11
5
3

15
3
3

10
1
-

15
3
3

175
60
59

44
n
n

20
10
8

16
1
l

48
i
i

39
31
31

25

7

43

-

1

-

-

-

-

.

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .3 3 3 .3 3 -

3 .7 7
3 .7 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

6
6

9
9

35
35

7
7

4
4

6
6

34
34

10
10

_

1
l

2
2

4
4

2
2

?

4 .0 8
4 .1 1
3.67
3 .6 7

4 .0 0
4.03
3 .5 7
3 .5 7

3
3
3
3

-

4.55
4 .5 7
3 .6 5
3 .6 5

_

_

-

*

-

”

~

~

i
i
i

3
3
-

1
l
-

8
8

12
10

51
44
7
7

25
23
2
2

44
44
~

123
111
12
12

106
106
-

180
160
"

14
14
-

2

91
43
48
48

32
32
-

~

52
52
~

157
157

~

“

393
143
250

3 .6 6
3 .7 3
3 .6 2

3 .6 7
3.70
3 .6 6

3 .6 2 3 .5 2 3 .6 2 -

3 .7 5
3 .9 5
3 .7 0

_

_

_

_

?

2

4

_

10
5
5

189
31
158

71
23
48

8
6
2

30
lo
14

13
13
“

1
l
“

~

-

13
8
5

_

4

26
22
4

-

2

3
1
2

_

2

6
3
3

13
l 5

-

2
1
1

MECHANICS, “ AINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

1,542
1,4 3 5

4 .0 7
4 .0 7

4.16
4.15

3 .7 6 3 .7 5 -

4 .3 7
4 .3 7

-

2
i

-

4
3

15
15

7
7

11
10

34
34

67
66

81
76

66
62

161
157

64
50

42
20

292
236

4 36
332

191
191

60
60

16
16

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

164
164

4.06
4.06

4 .1 6
4.1 6

3 .8 1 3 .8 1 -

4 .3 2
4.32

_

-

30
30

65
66

5
5

-

-

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

162
120

3 .5 5
3 .6 3

3.48
3 .6 3

4.1 7

3
i

i

3 .2 5 -

PIPE FIT TFRS,

— ----------------------------

426
405

3.93
3 .9 4

4 .0 4
4 .0 8

3 .5 4 3 .5 4 -

4.3 0
4 .3 1

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

178
150

3 .7 8
3.81

3 .6 7
3 .6 8

3 .6 0 3 .6 2 -

4.0 1
4 .1 7

TOOL AND DI E MAKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

316
309

4.0 9
4.1 0

4.06
4 .0 6

3 .8 6 3 .8 7 -

4 .4 0
4 .4 4

»

Csi

MAINTENANCF -------------------

m a n u f a c t u r in g

1
4
3
3

O
O

_

-

.7
.8
.5
.5

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s,
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t il it i e s .




-

_

3 30 3 40 3 50 3 . 6 0

~

2

-

~

-

~

4
4

-

-

-

?

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

i
1

_

-

-

_

-

-

4
4

i
1

4
4

24
24

26
26

_

1
l

3
i

1
i

3
2

4
-

6
2

10
10

3

19
IP

6
5

27
13

6
2

9
6

14
14

-

6
3

10
10

17
17

12
11

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

1
i

24
23

26
26

27
26

58
56

22
21

7
7

18
17

16
7

81
77

101
101

4C
40

-

-

i
-

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

7
7

i
-

7
7

1
-

f
6

23
2

68
68

7
7

3
3

11
6

10
10

14
14

18
18

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
1

_

_

1

1
i

21
20

33
33

6
6

26
23

7
6

135
135

6
6

45
45

?9
29

4
4

h o lid a y s ,

and la te s h if t s .

-

_

20

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
N um ber of w orkers

H ourly earnings 2

$
1. 40

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

wo deers

M e an 3

M e d ia n 3

M iddle ran ge3

t

1 . 40

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------WATCHMEN:
MAN UFACTURING -------

$
1 .6 0

S

s

t

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1.80

1 .9 0

2

5

254

r e c e i v in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

%

t

i

$

S

S

$

*

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

S

2 .1 0

$
2 .8 0

*

2 .0 0

$
2.60

$

90

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3.80

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

00

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 3 0 2 .« A 0

2 .6 0

2.8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3.8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4.6 0

over

4
4

-

t

and
under

1 ,7 2 9
511
1 ,2 1 8

2.16
2 .8 8
1 .8 6

$
1.77
3 .0 0
1 .6 9

1 .6 6 2 .5 2 1 .6 4 -

$
2 .7 4
3 .2 9
1.79

1
-

-

678
4
674

254

75
22
53

50
28
22

22
16
6

9
7
2

30
26
4

21
15
6

68
29
39

117
52
65

114
58
56

86
76
10

80
80
~

102
88
14

~

7
6
i

-

5

6
6

-

1

“

“

409

3 .0 3

3.1 1

2 .7 6 -

3 .3 4

-

-

-

-

-

3

12

10

2

6

ii

17

52

53

76

80

77

4

6

-

-

-

$

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------

$
1 .5 0

i . 50

N um ber

$

-

102

2 .2 8

2.2 1

1 .9 2 -

2 .5 3

-

-

-

4

-

19

16

6

5

20

4

12

-

5

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

4,6 7 4
1 ,2 9 7
3 ,3 7 7
233
449
402

1 .9 3
2.5 0
1.71
2 .3 2
1 .7 7
1 .7 6

1 .6 9
2 .6 2
1 .6 7
2 .2 3
1 .6 9
1 .7 4

1 .6 4 2 .1 9 1 .6 3 2 .0 5 1 .6 4 1 .6 7 -

2 .2 2
2 .7 6
1 .7 3
2 .4 7
1 .8 5
1.80

54
-

8
8
-

23
-

412
68
344
10
76
160

186
36
150
6
49
31

83
32
51
10
27
14

145
28
117
67
11
25

101
52
49
4
8
26

1 57
58
99
75
10
2

28
12
16
i
i

233
208
25
5
1

446
430
16
3
13

61
24
37
35
~

240
213
27
11
14

24
17
7
7
-

6
6
-

i
i
-

-

-

_

23
4
12

2466
112
2354
199
123

-

-

-

-

_
-

1 ,3 1 5
186
1,1 2 9
87

1 .7 6
2.3 1
1 .6 8
2 .1 5

1.69
2 .3 2
1 .6 8
2 .0 6

1 .6
1 .9
1 .6
2 .0

4
4
3
3

-

1 .7 9
2 .6 4
1 .7 5
2 .0 9

16
16

41
41

656
14
642

304
14
290

33
17
16

20
17
3

3
3

34
34

36
36

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

13
2
11
11

18
18
-

“

78
2
76
73

18
17
i

l

39
12
27
2

LAB OR ER S. MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 —
WHOLESALE TRADE ----RE T A IL TRADE -----------

2 ,8 2 5
1 ,7 8 6
1 ,0 3 9
428
126
467

2 .7 9
2 .8 5
2 .6 9
3 .3 8
2 .0 2
2 .2 8

2 .9 3
2 .9 4
2 .9 1
3 .5 2
1.94
2 .1 4

2 .2
2 .4
1 .9
3 .1
1 .7
1 .7

5
3
9
5
7
8

-

3 .2 5
3 .2 3
3 .5 1
3 .5 6
2 .1 7
2 .7 7

12

111
25
86

105
36
69

147
83
64

60
33
27

92
32
60

118
69
49

108
93
15

41
29
12

224
184
40

190
141
49

388
276
112

344
259
85

6

-

30
39

18
34

10
17

15
45

15
34

2
13

2
10

7
33

-

12

12
68

49

12
28

3
4

ORDER
F I L L E R S ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------WHOLESALE TRADE
R E T A IL TRADE ------------------------

1 ,3 9 2
466
926
275
635

2 .6 9
2 .6 6
2 .7 1
2.6 0
2.78

2 .9 0
2.80
2 .9 3
2.8 1
3 .0 5

2
2
2
2
2

. 23. 18.2 5 .2 5 .2 8 -

3 .1 6
3 .1 0
3 .1 7
2 .9 6
3 .2 0

-

4

-

29

-

-

-

72
39
33

40
9
31
15
14

40
18
22
5
14

65
20
45

64
37
27
10
16

129
49
80
42
37

42
6
36
18
17

84
27
57
21
36

60
27
33
10
23

222
46
176
104
72

272
109
163

PA C KE RS , S H I P P IN G -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------

577
307
270
94

2.59
2 .6 3
2.5 4
1 .9 2

2 .6 5
2.8 2
2 .6 2
1 .7 7

2 .0
2 .1
1 .8
1 .6

42
27
15
4

31
21
10

34
26

32
29

33

PA C KE RS , S H I P P IN G (WOMEN) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

155
125

2 .3 3
2 .4 3

1 .9 5
1 .9 7

1 .8 4 1 .8 7 -

2 .2 9
3 .0 2

_

35
32

15
12

-

1

R E CE IV IN G CLERKS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------RE T A IL TRADE ------------------------

276
118
158
110

2 .7 8
2 .8 2
2 .7 5
2 .8 0

2 .7 7
2 .7 5
2.9 1
3.23

2 .3 0 2 .4 2 2 . 162 .1 0 -

3 .3 3
3 .1 9
3 .4 1
3 .4 3

_

3

10

6

3
3

10

S H I P P IN G CLERKS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

189
119
70

2 .9 1
2 .7 9
3 .1 1

2 .8 9
2 .8 1
3.09

2 .6 4 2 .5 3 2 .9 2 -

3 .2 4
3 .0 9
3 .3 0

_

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

SH I P P IN G AND RE CE IV IN G CLER KS MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

163
85
78

2.92
2 .8 7
2 .9 8

2 .8 1
2 .8 2
2 .7 8

2 .7 2 2 .7 4 2 .6 9 -

3.3 1
2 .8 9
3 .4 4

_

J A N I T O R S . POR TE RS, AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 4------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE5 -----------------------------------J A N I T O R S , PO RT ER S, AND CLEANERS
(W O M E N ) --------------------------------------------

MA NU FACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------

3
6
2
6

-

3 .0 9
3 .0 6

3 .3 3

54
36

8

6
-

6

6

_

-

-

-

12

6

-

-

72

4

-

-

-

“

33

29
16
13

47
9
38
37

34
11
23
16

43
15
28
15

22

1

36
32

_

_

-

-

-

-

2 .0 3
_

-

-

*

8

_

-

3

12

3

12
12

-

■

-

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8
8
1

8
3
5

2

-

41

2

-

6

9

6

8
8

2
2

8
2
8
8

28
16
12

6

_
-

3

4
29

-

1

~

50
35
15
15

-

_

-

-

5
1

~

14
11
3

25
13
12

2
2
2

~

2

-

2

4

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

3

1

9
9

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

302
24
278
278

49
49

43
43

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

226
69
157
34
123

35
2
33

-

_

-

_

~

-

-

-

-

105
105

104

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

96

-

-

-

-

“

-

8

-

-

163

443
368
75
-

20
4
16

20
14

6

-

-

33
32
1

23
13
10

43
27
16

22

2

61
34
27

32
32

2

6

8

14

2

30
30

-

-

-

-

75

8

-

■ -

33

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

4
4
u

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

36
16
20
18

49
7
42
41

6
5
1

33
14
19

23
13
10

29
15
14

9
-

12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9

12

8

36
32
4
3

1
1

_
-

-

78

2
2

_
-

-

24
24

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

*

”

-

-

.

-

*

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

—

’

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




21

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings2
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

Number
of
woikers

*
U n d er
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

*

1 .4 0

$
3.18
3 .04
3 .24
3 .6 4
2 .9 4
2 .8 4

$
3 .50
3 .1 8
3 .55
3 .7 4
2 .9 7
2 .93

$
2 .6 9 2 .6 4 2 .9 0 3 .7 1 2 .4 0 2 .4 0 -

$
3 .7 2
3 .3 9
3 .7 4
3 .7 7
3 .5 4
3 .5 3

TRUCK DRI VER S, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

402
234
168

2 .6 0
2 .96
2 .1 0

2 .5 3
3 .30
2 .0 8

2 .0 5 2 .5 3 1 .7 5 -

3 .3 5
3 .52
2 .2 9

TRUCKDRI V E RS , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------------------

846
202
644
213
282
130

2 .8 9
2 .77
2 .93
3 .6 7
2 .62
2 .4 4

2 .92
3 .1 0
2.91
3 .75
2 .6 3
2 .5 3

2 .4 8 2 .2 4 2 .5 1 3 .7 2 2 .4 6 2 .1 1 -

3 .3 9
3.16
3 .72
3.77
2 .92
2 .9 1

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRA ILE R TYPE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RE T A IL TRADE -------------------------------

1,3 2 8
158
1,170
679
373
111

3.5 2
3.07
3 .59
3 .7 3
3 .38
3 .3 8

3 .7 0
3 .23
3.71
3 .75
3 .5 4
3 .54

3 .5 2 2 .7 6 3 .5 5 3 .7 3 3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

3.75
3 .35
3 .7 6
3 .7 8
3 .5 7
3 .5 7

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TR A ILE R TYP E) -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

545
261
284

3 .3 0
3 .1 7
3.41

3 .5 2
3.31
3 .70

3 .1 4 2 .7 8 3 .5 2 -

3 .71
3 .3 9
3.75

TR UCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------------------

1 ,666
1,473
193
119

3 .06
3 .0 9
2 .8 4
3 .1 3

3 .2 0
3 .21
3 .0 6
3 .19

2 .8 2 2 .8 4 2 .2 6 2 .9 6 -

3 .3 7
3.38
3 .3 3
3 .35

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

216
193

3 .72
3 .7 6

3.71
3 .72

3 .5 2 3 .5 4 -

i

*

1
2
3
4
5
6

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .40

2 .60

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0
an d

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .80

4 .0 0

4 ,2 0

4 .40

4 .6 0

over

”
_

24

41
20
21

13

22
6
16

114
7
107

115
64
51

78
23

40
11

87
50

169
21
148
9
84
48

242
200
42
30
8
2

377
220
157
120
31

617
113
5 04
19
383
102

1076
54
1022
1022

8
2

188
81
107
14
80
5

63
63

-

74
13
61
7
47
7

203
65
138

8
3

101
47
54
3
43
5

~

-

-

_
-

12
6
6

39

27
16
11

35

13

-

5

39
37

3

2

62
50
12

62
62

13

2
7

2

30

22
22
~

9

5

~

7
~

127
12
115
1
72
38

92
92

23
9
14
9

14

196

5

92

-

-

5

10

24

5

10

-

“

-

24

-

24

_

_

5

~
5

_

-

5

6

~

6

34
20
14

-

13

13

1

-

1

5
34

~

~

~
“

~

7

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4
-

“

-

-

-

194
47
147

7
7
"

_

_

_

-

107
97
10
-

95
95

30
30

12

10

23

76

22

15

2

7

12

10

21

42
34

19
3

8

126
9
117

~
4

“

-

4

“

7

99

~

-

4

24
10

-

2
4
2

72

80

44

1

_

_

_

19
13
6

28

60

417
31

4

21

24
13
11

6 79

~

9
3
6

14
10

-

32

386

679
679

-

12

8

26

296

61
61

i

88
88

i

52
52
-

90

-

181
156
25
16

260
227
33
26

487
430
57
57

4

*

-

_

3

-

-

8
12

4

2

11

_

25

25

_

-

“

-

-

_

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

15

15

17
17

*

7

“

6

53
47
6

-

27

6

8

5

~

-

-

-

_

3

25

“

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , an d la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
In c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f tru c k o p e r a te d .




2 .0 0

1 .6 0

3 .8 3
3 .81

TRUCKDRIVERS
-------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------R E TA IL TRADE ------------------

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s
*
*----- ---------------------------------i
1
i
*
$
i------i------i------—
3--------------5
S
*
*
*

1 .8 0 1 .9 0

and
1 . 4 0 u n d er
1.50

3,454
974
2 ,480
1 ,2 2 4
897
276

s

1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0

27

6

8

5

36
27
9

46
40
6

25
18
7
1

29
25
4
i

37
36
1
1

6
6
67
54
13
13

5
94
5

80
76
4
4

7

-

5

-

9

-

196
196

9

-

-

90

20
12

115
115
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

*

-

“

-

22

Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., S e p te m b e r 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f ----

Hourly earnings2
%

Number

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

woriters

1 .4 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .5 0

1,043
AO 7

$
2.3 3
3 .0 6

$
1 .8 9
3 .1 4

$
1 .7 1 2 .7 8 -

1.60

$
1.70

S

i

2 .30

2.5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

t

2 .1 0

*
2 .4 0

%

2. 00

$
2.2 0

S

1.8 0

$
1. 90

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

*
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4.0 0

S
4 .2 0

S
4.4 0

4 .6 0

1. 70

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2. 00

2 . 10

2 .20

2.30

2 .40

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.80

3.00

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4.0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 . 60

ove r

222

250

45

10
4

14
8

4
2

10
6

14
11

7
5

45
20

82
52

60
45

76
76

80
PO

102
88

4
4

7
6

-

-

~

S

S

and
under

$
3 .0 3
3 .3 9

5

%

and

1.501 1 . 6 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

s

6

~

—

GUARDS:
MANUFAO TIJRl N 3 -----------------------------------

382

3 .0 8

3 .1 4

2 .8 1 -

3 .3 7

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

6

11

5

12

52

45

76

80

77

4

6

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , PO RTE RS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------RE T A IL TRADE -------------------------------FIN AN C E5 ------------------------------------------

2 ,5 1 5
1 ,318
1,597
210
334
79

2.12
2.6 6
1 .7 7
2 .3 2
1 .8 3
1.7 2

1.91
2 .6 7
1.67
2 .2 2
1.72
1.72

1
2
1
2
1
1

.6
.4
.6
.0
.6
.6

6
7
4
5
5
3

-

2.64
2 .8 0
1 .7 9
2 .3 0
1.8 7
1 .7 9

8
~

9
9
4
5

1087
16
1071
147
21

124
3
121
4
67
26

76
12
64
6
46
10

49
17
32
10
17
5

99
13
86
67
7
4

71
52
19
4
8

123
35
88
70
10

13
7
11

146
137
9
-

44
42
2

446
430
16
3
13

47
17
30
29
-

237
213
24
10
14

24
17
7
7

6
6
-

1
1

~
-

-

-

-

-

.
-

J A N I T O R S , PO RT E RS , AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------F IN AN C E5 ------------------------------------------

382
118
254
87
66

2 .0 5
2 .5 4
1.83
2 .1 5
1 .7 3

2.01
2.57
1 .7 2
2.06
1 .7 3

1 .6
2 .3
1 .6
2 .0
1 .6

7
3
5
3
5

-

2 .4 1
2 .7 0
2 .0 3
2 .0 9
1.8 3

3
~

22
3
19
2
13

8
3
5
~
4

78
2
76
73
3

14
11
3
-

3
3

21
21
~

9
9
-

36
36

18
18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
2
11
11

“

22
1
21
17

10
9
i
-

2

125
125
1
27

LA BO RE RS , MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

2,0 0 6
1 ,4 6 3
543
193
350

2 .9 3
3 .0 0
2 . 73
3 .1 7
2.49

2 .9 9
3 .1 0
2 .9 1
3 .1 4
2.50

2
2
2
2
2

.6
.7
.1
.9
.0

0
3
8
7
3

-

3 .2 4
3 .2 6
3 .1 9
3 .3 5
2 .9 4

-

_
-

5
5

38
4
34

27
3
24

48
31
17

49
19
30

63
32
31

87
77
10

35
25
10

122
108
14

28
9
19

179
130
49

43
43

30
30

24

17

30

31

10

10

14

19

49

443
368
75
75

49
49
-

34

332
250
82
78
4

72
24
48
48

5

344
249
95
67
28

-

-

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

701
209
492
4 80

2
3
2
2

.88
.0 1
.8 2
.8 4

3.13
3 .0 8
3 . 14
3 .1 5

2
3
2
2

.3
.0
.2
.3

5
1
7
2

-

3 .2 7
3 .2 5
3 .3 1
3 .3 2

28
28
28

13
13
13

14
14
12

17
2
15
12

46
17
29
25

31
18
13
12

19
2
17
16

14
1
13
12

16
1
15
15

7
2
5
5

9
2

247
34
163
163

192
69
123
123

35
2
33
33

_
-

7

5
1
4
4

PA C KE RS , S H I P P IN G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------R E T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

272
180
92
78

2.65
3 . Cl
1.96
1 .9 4

2.88
3 .0 4
1.76
1.72

2 .1
2 .8
1 .6
1 .6

1
7
6
5

-

3.0
3 .0
2 .1
2 .1

38
38
37

15
15
13

ft

8
5

3
3

4
4
3

4
i
3
2

4
2
2
2

2
2

12
10
2
l

ii
10
1

2
l
1
~

44
29
15
15

105
105

8
8

-

8
8

-----------------

62

2.9 4

3 .0 2

RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RE T A IL TRADE --------------------------------

156
59
97
86

2.99
3 .0 3
2 .9 6
2 .9 6

SH I P P IN G CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

83
64

S H I P P IN G AND R E CE IV IN G CLER KS --------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS6 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------P U B LI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------R E T A IL TRADE ---------------------------------

P A C KE RS ,

SH I P P IN G

(WOMEN)

TRUCK DRIV ER S, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




8
8

3
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1

~

-

_
-

-

~

4 .2 4

~

-

14

1

4

3

4

-

2

-

-

-

-

3.4 3
3.3 5
3 .4 5
3.4 5

-

_

3

5

i

3

3

6

-

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

i
i

~
~

6
6

7

-

4
1
3
2

"

7
6

3 .2 1
3.04

2 .7 4 2 .5 3 -

3 .3 1
3 .2 8

-

-

-

-

2
2

12
12

“

3.0 3
2 .9 7

2 .7 9
2 .7 7

2 .7 2 2 .7 1 -

3 .4 3
3 .4 9

_

2
2

~

1 ,034
569
465
276
176

3 .3 0
3.3 3
3 .2 8
3.41
3 .0 9

3 .3 3
3 .3 1
3 .4 1
3 .4 5
3.0 5

3
3
2
3
2

-

3 .5 9
3 .5 8
3 .7 1
3 .7 5
3.5 5

-

-

-

-

~

-

14
7
7

183
156

3 .2 9
3.3 5

3.3 6
3 .3 8

3 .1 8 3 .3 0 -

3 .5 4
3.5 5

7
9
6
6

-

1 .8 2 -

3 .2 3
3.1 3
3.2 9
3 .3 6

2
2
2
2

3 .0 3
2.96

69
51

.6
.7
.4
.3

.1
.1
.9
.2
.9

2
3
5
9

4
5
8
2
1

-

-

*
-

-

-

3
3

3
2

6
6

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

~

_

4
3

1
1

3

-

-

3

10
6
4

-

-

9

3

-

_

2
2

-

-

“

-

_

~

“

3

4

9
3
5

_

_

_

1

_

i

3

-

3

~

17
3
14
7
7

1

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

12
12
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

_
-

_

8
d
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

*

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

24

1

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

4
i
3

9
9

_

_

-

-

-

44
2
42
41

6
5
i

-

32
16
16
14

-

*

8
7

7
7

3
8

29
14

14
12

-

-

2
1

24
24

1

_

-

15
-

6
6

12
12

-

11
4
7

38
19
19
14
5

61
2
59
8
48

209
175
34
30
2

199
126
73
67
~

215
110
105
19
86

182
54
128
128
~

9

5
2

34
32

62
50

62
62

7

~

i

7

1
l

2

7

-

4
4

23
19
4
3

~

6

7

*
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

63
63

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

~

”

~

_

_

_

_

23
Table A-5a. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—
Large Establishments--- Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e ,
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B a lt im o r e , M d. , S e p te m b e r 1968)
Hourly earnings2
O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

t
l
»
t
l .A 0 L .5 0 1 .6 0 1 . 7 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

%

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—
s
$
$
s
$
i
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . A0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3 . A0 3 . 6 0 3 .8 0 A . 00 A .20 A. A0 A .60

t

1 .8 0

and
u n d er
1 .5 0

and

1 .6 0 1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

2 .6 0 2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 . 2 0 3 . A0 3 . 6 0

3 . 8 0 A . 00 A . 20 A. A0 A .60 o v e r

T R U C K D R I V E R S 4 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, M E DI UM 11-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDINS A T O N S ) ----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

226
118

$
3.12
3.10

$
3.15
2.98

$
$
2.96- 3.28
2.80- 3.73

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

309
108
201

3.A3
3.25
3.53

3. 5 A
3.27
3.58

3.27- 3.72
3.21- 3.52
3.53- 3.7A

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TR AI LE R TYPE) -------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

109
101

3.3A
3.A2

3.19
3.61

1,327
1,230
97

3.2A
3.23
3.32

3.26
3.25
3.33

3.05- 3.A7
3.0A- 3.51
3.18- 3.38

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

216
193

3.72
3.76

3.71
3.72

3.52- 3.83
3.5A- 3.81

2
2

A
A

3 . 1A- 3.66
3.15- 3.66

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

3
3

1
2
3
4
5
6

2
-

-

D a ta lim ite d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if ts .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e an d type o f tr u c k o p e r a te d .




3
3

-

~

_
~

”

-

-

~

6
5

i

26
25
1

A
A

2
2

9
6

7
6

38
38

90

3
3

~

11
6
5

i

1A
10
A

9

-

6
3
3

5
37
36
1

_
55
5A
1

i

_
_
-

”

9

18
9

5
~

A1
A1

60
5A
6

11A
28
86

87

_

_

*

~
110

3
3

1

AA
AA

16
16

110
110

2A3
222
26

A87
A30
57

17
1A

20
12

~
3
3

6
2

-

87

~

“
A
A
'

A7
A7

7
7

no
~

107
97
10

95
95

A6
A6

68
68

16
8

“

_
-

_

_

.

-

-

-

_

.

“

_

_

_
-

30
30

~

-

“
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

“
?

2

38
38

.

24
B. Establishm ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D is t r ib u t io n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
In e x p e rie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u f a c tu r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

O th e r i n e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s '

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

M a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 of—
in d u s tr ie s

in d u s tr ie s
A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37V2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s st u d ie d ------------------------------------------------

216

79

XXX

137

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m ________________

97

40

28

57

14

$ 5 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 .5 0 - $ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0 __
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 . __
$ 6 7 .5 0 an d u n d er $ 7 0 .0 0 .
$ 7 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 .
$ 7 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 .0 0 ___________________________________
$ 7 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0 ___ . __
__
__ _
$ 7 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _
____ ____ _ _
_ .
$ 8 0 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 .5 0 __________
_ _
____
$ 8 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 . _
___
_ .
___
$ 8 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 8 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 . ____
_
.
__
$ 9 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 2 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ___________________________________
$ 9 5 .0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 .5 0 — .
___ .
___
$ 9 7 .5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 .0 0 __________________________________
$ 1 0 0 .0 0 a n d o v e r -----------------------------------------------------------

.
3
10
17
12
17
5
8
2
5
4
4
1
2
2
2
3

2
4
6
7
1
5
1
4
3
1

.
2
2
5
4
1
1
1
3
2
1

.
3
8
13
6
10
4
3
1
1
4
1
-

2
2
2

2
2
2

2
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g no s p e c i f i e d m i n im u m ________ __ ___

40

17

XXX

23

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in t h i s c a t e g o r y ________________________________________________

79

22

XXX

57

XXX

-

-

-

A ll
sc h e d u le s

40

2
4
4
1
3
-

1
2
3

40

A ll
sc h e d u le s

37V2

40

216

79

XXX

137

XXX

XXX

32

102

43

32

59

13

33

3
6
3
5
4
2
1
1
3
1
-

_

3
1
1

1
7
9
12
3
10
3
2
2
3
3
1
1
2

_
3
2
3
4
1
-

-

_
5
6
8
7
2
3
2
1
3
1
3
1
1

.
5
3
6
4
1
2
2
1
2
1

2
1

1
7
14
18
11
17
5
5
2
5
4
3
2
1
3
1
3

-

6
6
2
5
3
2
3
2
1
1
2

XXX

XXX

58

23

XXX

35

XXX

XXX

56

13

XXX

43

XXX

XXX

XXX

-

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s .
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d on s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

-




25

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
( L a t e s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
( A ll p la n t w o r k e r s in m a n u f a c t u r i n g = 1 0 0 p e r c e n t )
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

L a te sh ift p ay p r o v isio n

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g p r o v i s i o n s 1
fo r la te s h ifts
S e c o n d sh ift

T o t a l ___________________________________________
N o p a y d if f e r e n t ia l fo r w o rk on la t e sh ift

90. 3
2. 7

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n l a t e s h i f t s

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

S e c o n d sh ift

8 1 .4

16. 4

-

0. 4

T h ir d o r o t h e r
sh ift

9 .0

-

87. 6

81. 4

1 6 .0

9 .0

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _____________________

47. 5

4 3 .4

10. 6

6. 7

4 c e n t s _________ ___________________________
5 c e n t s __ ____________________ __ _ ______
5'/z o r 6 c e n t s _______________________________
6 V2 o r 7 c e n t s _______________________________
8 c e n t s _____________
_____ ______________
9 c e n t s _______________________________________
10 c e n t s ______________________________________
12 c e n t s ______________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
13 o r 1 32 3 c e n t s ____________________________
/
14 c e n t s __________________________ _________
15 c e n t s ______________________________________
16 c e n t s ______________________________ ______
1 7 l/z o r 18 c e n t s _______ ___________________
20 c e n t s a n d o v e r __
__ _____ ____ __

.4
3. 1
1. 1
. 5
23. 9
. 6
10. 5
. 8
1. 3
2. 1
2. 5

_
1 .4

. 1
.9
. 2
. 2
6. 1
. 2
2. 0
. 2
. 1
. 1
.4

_
. 3
. 1
-

P a y d i f f e r e n t i a l f o r w o r k o n l a t e s h i f t _________
T y p e an d am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l:

-

. 3
.6

.7
1 .9
.2
1. 5
2 1 .3
2. 5
1. 1
5 .4
1. 1
2. 3
1 .4
2. 6

34. 6

5 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
15 p e r c e n t . __ _____ .
____________ __
O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ________________

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _________________________

_
. 2

( 2)
3 .9
. 3
. 1
1. 0
(2)
.4
. 1
. 3

31. 8

4. 7

2. 0

8. 7
6. 5
17. 7
1 .7

_
6. 5
24. 5
.7

.
1.
2.
.

5 .4

6. 2

-

-

_

9
0
4
3

. 3
1 .7
(2)

.7

. 3

1 I n c l u d e s a l l p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s
c o v e r l a t e s h i f t s e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________
U n d e r 35 h o u r s ___________________________________
35 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 37 V2 h o u r s ___________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ___________________
4 0 h o u r s ____________________________________ _____
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s _____________________
4 8 h o u r s ___________________________________________
50 h o u r s ___________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

100

100

100

1
3
(6)
5
(6 )
86
1
2
(6)

1
1
4
(6)
93
(6)
1

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

100

100

-

-

15

-

-

-

100
-

87
13

-

-

17
63
2
4

A ll
in d u s tr ie s4

100
4
5
6
20
6
59
(6 )

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in an e e5

100

100

100

100

100
3

2

1

-

19

-

-

-

-

17
8
73
1

23
76
-

11
22
67

29
52

10
20
27
4
35

-

-

-

-

-

(6 )

-

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k ly h o u r s w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t im e
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s ta te .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




ra te s.

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
no p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

M anu­
A ll
i n d u s t r i e s 1 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s2

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

M anu­
A ll
i n d u s t r i e s 3 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s2

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

100

97

96

99

100

100

100

99

100

4

(5 )

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )
8
(*)
(5 )
25
3
1
25
2
3
15
1
12
(5)
3
1
(*)

1

-

3

(5 )

*

3

1
3
18
(*)
(5 )
24
2
2
23
1
(5 )
14
(5 )
6
(5 )
1
o
(s )

4
7
30
3
3
20
2
1
21
(5 )
6
2

14
60
23
3

3
32
2
12
4
7
9
19
8
(5 )
-

(5)
1
2
2
8
8
23
25
49
51
76
76
94
96
96
96
97

_

3
3
3
3
26
26
26
26
86
86
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

(5 )

-

-

-

1

(5 )
48
1
1
41
8
~
-

-

N um ber of d ay s
L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________
5 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
7 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________ _
7 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
8 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
9 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
9 h o lid a y s p l u s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
10 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
1 1 h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
1 1 h o lid a y s p l u s 1 h a lf d a y ___ ____________________
12 h o lid a y s _________________________________________

1

-

2
53
(5 )
14
~
25
-

7

(s )
24
5
1
29
2
(5 )
23
3
1
3
-

21
3

-

4

3

-

12

41
(S )

15
33
9
1
-

(*>
(*)
(*)
(5 )
41
41
41
42
96
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
11
11
43
43
59
71
74
78
99
100
100
100
100

54
1

1

39
2

14
5
13
4
16
7
-

T o t a l h o lid a y ti m e 6
12 d a y s _____________________________________________
1 1 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
IOV2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
9 V d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
2
9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
6Vz d a y s o r m o t e _________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ______ ^______________________________

1
2
2
9
9

31
33
55
58
89
89
96
99
99
99
99

(5 )
8
8
28
28
36
44
60
62
94
97
97
97
97

-

25
25
40
40
93
93
93
93
96

(5)
1
4
4
16
17
35
37
62
66
91
91
98
99
99
99
99-

3
4
4
8
8
31
33
63
68
92
92
99
100
100
100
100

-

8
8
51
52
98
99
99
99
99

7
7
23
27
40
45
58
60
99
99
100
100
100
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 A ll c o m b in a t io n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e
w ith 9 f u l l d a y s a n d no h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , an d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e c u m u la t e d .




Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s . _____ — _____________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s2

__ —

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e tail
tra d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

97
85
12
-

100
100
-

99
99
( 6)

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

3

"

(6)

■

■

(6)

-

2
33
3
-

37
6
-

11
48
15
( 6)

13
56
11
-

_
43
1
-

3
43
6
-

55
7
-

24
1
73
1
1

21
1
75
3

_
57
43
-

_
23
77
-

.
54
12
32
-

-

-

-

_
5
( 6)
91
2
2

_
8
86
5

1
99
-

_
3
97
-

.
9
91
-

-

-

-

2
1
85
2
10

1
99
-

_
3
94
3

4
( 6)
96
-

F in a n c e 5

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ___ __________ __________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t _____________ ___ P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t____________________ ____
O t h e r ............................................................................... W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
_______________
no p a id v a c a t i o n s . ______

99
93
6
( 6)
1

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m o n th s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________
1 w e e k _______ _____________ _____ . _______
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks

_
32
-

17
13
1
( 6)

16
12
1
-

1
77
5
13
(6)
2

83
5
9
3

64
32
3

1
50
5
38
( 6)
4

60
8
28
5

_
28
69
3

1
11
12
70
1
5

12
17
64
( 6)
7

4
93
3

1
10
12
70
1
5

.
11
17
65
( 6)
7

-

-

-

-

4
49
38
-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k - __ _________
__
______ ____
_____
1 w ee k ________ _____________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ___________________ ___ ___ ________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_

_

41
50
-

77
12
10
-

-

-

_

_
2
_
95
3
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ______________________________________
1 w e e k ___ ___ ___________________ _________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______ ___ ________
2 w f»ek s __ ___
______ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ______
_______
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_
35
63
-

_
38
62
-

.
(6 )
94
6
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r, 1 w ee k ________________________________ _
1 w e e k ________ _____________ ______ __ _____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ____________________ __
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____ ,

8
21
68
-

_
8
3
90
-

2
( 6)
91
3
4

.

.

.

4
93

8
21
68

7
3
90

-

-

.
2
( 6)
91
3
4

_

_

_

94
6

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ________________________
___
__
1 \x/#»f»k_. ____
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s __________ _____ _______________ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s . _________ .
3 w eeks

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b le ,




3

.

.

2
1
85
2
10

1
99
-

3
94
3

2
( 6)
97
-

94
6

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n of p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

1
5
1
83
3
6
( 6)

.
5
84
4
7

97
3

5
71
22

7
3
87
3
*

1
(6)
83
4
12
-

1
5
13
11
67
2

_
4
11
15
68
2

_
7
90
3

_
47
16
17
18

_
7
13
79
-

1
5
11
10
69
2

_
4
10
14
70
2

_
97
3

1
5
7
(6)
75
4
7

_
4
5
79
6
6

1
5
7
( 6)
39
6
38
1
2

_
4
4
46
9
33
1
2

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

1
85
1
13
-

99
-

.
59
41
-

2
_
95
3
-

_
1
12
1
80
2
4

_
2
98
_

(6)

_
1
( 6)
18
1
75
2
4

_
29
22
28
18

_
7
13
79
( 6)

_
1
14
( 6)
78
2
4

_
1
11
80
3
4

1
99
-

.
81
19

_
26
49
22

_
7
13
78
2

_
1
7
( 6)
80
2
11

_
100
-

_
26

_
7
13
34
46
-

_
1
5
( 6)
35
1
54
( 6)
4

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C o n tin u e d
A fte r 5 y e a r s of se r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ------------------------ _ _____ _
1 w e e k __________________________________________ ___
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s __________________________ ___________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
____
__ ___ ______
_______ __ _
3 w e e k s_
4 w e e k s _______________ _
__ _

(6)

_
85
12
3
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k _________ _____ ______ _______
1 w e e k _____________________________________ ___ __
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ______________________ ________________ ____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _ _ __
__ __
3 w e e k s _ _____ __ __ _
_
__ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s _________ __ _ _ _
___
_____ _

-

_

_
_
49
12
3
35

_
2
12
_
84
_
1

_
_
_
30
_
68
3
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w ee k __
_ _
_____ — _ __ __
1 w ee k ___ __ _
____
__
______
2 w e e k s _______________
___________________ _
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________ __
3 w eeks
_
__
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___ ___ ________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

-

33
3
26
3
35

2
12
84
_
1

_
1
5
83
2
10

_
1
95
5

_
_
24
30
46

2
11
84
2

_
1
4
17
1
73
1
3

_
1
99
-

_
24
23
12
40

_
2
11
52
33
1

_

_
23
75
3
*

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k . _ ______________ __
1 w e e k _____________ ________ — ________ ___
2 w e e k s _________________ __________ _________ ___
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ______ _ _ __ _
_____
__ _ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
_
4 w e e k s __ __ _ ______

_

_
_
7
88
3
3

A fte r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w ee k ___________________________________ __
1 w e e k _____ ______ _ _ _ __
__ ___ ___
2 w e e k s ____________________ __ __ ___ _____ —
____
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ___ ___
3 w e e k s ____ _
_____ _ _
__ ___ ___
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s _____ — ----------- —
_
__ _
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _______________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------




S e e f o o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le

-

35
18
18

(6)

_
_
2
81
3
14
-

30
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
--( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

O ffic e w o r k e r s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

_
80
-

_
26
-

51

_
4
4
23
3
57

9
( 6)

7
( 6)

20

22

-

-

_
7
13
29
35
16
-

_
-

_
26

_
7
13

A ll
in d u s tr ie s2

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

_
_
i
_
_
77
_

_
_
24
_
23
-

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________ ___
__ _______
____
1 w e e k ___________________________ _____________ _
2 "w e ek s _____ _______________ ________ _____ .
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _____ ___ _____
_
_ _________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s ___________ ________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ____ _______ __
5 w e e k s __________ __________ __________________
6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

i
5
7
( 6)
23

2

1

1

21
12
15
-

_
i
5
( 6)

21

62

2

9
(6)

_

1
4
14
72

2
6

22

( 6)

-

10

43
-

2
11

32
_
50
_
5
-

2

_
40
_
54
3

1

-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___ __ _
_______ __ ________
1 w e e k ______ ______ _____________________ __
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ _____
3 w e e k s ________________________________ _______ ____
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e K S ____________________ .
4 w e e k s _____
____ ___ ______
_____ __
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ______ _ ______ ___
5 w e e k s __ _
___ ___ _
___ ___
6 w e e k s __________ _________ _ __ ___ ___
O v e r 6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------

1
5
7
( 6)
23

2

50

1
10
(‘ )
( 6)

_
4
4
23
3
57

1

7
-

-

69
31

21
12

( 6)

_
-

15
-

22
( 6)

-

_
4
4
23
3
57

_

1

1

5
(6)

4
-

_
-

1

-

1

1

_
_
76
_
23
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_
7
13
29

_

_

-

29
35
16

20

12

( 6)
63

74

1

9

-

1
7

_
_
24
_
23
-

10

_
38
5
-

.

2
11

.
_

2

_
32
_
50
_
5
_

_
40
_
54
3

-

-

_

_

1

_

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a i l a b l e
U nder 1 w eek_
1 w e e k ____________ ________ ___ ___ ________________
2 w e e k s ________ ______
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s __________ ___ ___ ______
_ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w p p k s ........ ......... . ...... „
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s __________ ________ .
5 w e e k s ____________________________________________
6 w e e k s — ___ __ _ _________________ ___
O v e r 6 w e e k s ____ ___
_____ ____

1
5
7
( 6)
23

2

50

1
10
( 6)
( 6)

1

_
26
-

-

21
12

69

15

35

-

_

-

7

31

-

-

22
( 6)

-

16
-

1

1

_
-

5
( 6)

4
-

-

20

(6 )

62

1

9

1

12

1

-

-

-

74

76

1

7

1

_
24
23
_

10

2
11

_
32

2

_

_

50

51
3

-

_

_

23

38
5

5

_

_
_
40

_

2
2

(6)

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p l a n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e . T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o th e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t i m e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o no t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l
p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
F o r e x a m p l e , th e c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e tw e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t iv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r fe w e r y e a r s
of se r v ic e .




Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , S e p t e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g a t
l e a s t 1 o f th e b e n e f it s sh o w n b e l o w ___________
L i f e i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
A c c id e n ta l d e ath an d d ism e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ____________________ ____ ____________
S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 6 _________________________

M anu­
A ll
i n d u s t r i e s 2 f a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
M anu­
i n d u s t r i e s 4 f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

100

100

93

94

99

100

100

99

95

100

90

95

100

91

76

94

93

100

98

67

99

48

50

61

55

32

50

50

56

68

40

48
70

88

96

83

80

80

85

96

74

93

91

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e _________
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ___________________________
S ic k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ___________________________

76

90

61

43

50

47

69-

30

30

52

21

80

19

62

H o s p it a li z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ___________________________

13

4

49

52

19

61

61

70

13

9

11

6

31

8

9

1

2

41

2

89
88
62
40
85

100
99
72
41
91

100
100
87
79
82

88
88
52
54
62

63
61
25
19
86

90
90
75
72
89

99
99
75
59
96

100
100
98
98
71

99
99
84
77
81

73
72
39
48
90

76
76
72
81
93

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h ich a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , su c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
an d r a ilr o a d re tir e m e n t.
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
6 U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w . S i c k le a v e p l a n s a r e l i m it e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e l y
e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d on a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .




32
Table B-7. Method of Wage Determination and Frequency of Payment
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m i n a t i o n 1
a n d f r e q u e n c y o f w a g e p a y m e n t , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., S e p t e m b e r 1968)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anuf a c t u r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

80
64
34
30

73
66
36
30

100
100
39
61

94
69
28
41

92
47
27
20

100
79
1
78

100
84
1
84

100
97
3
94

100
52
52

100
28
28

100
81
81

W h o le sa le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M anuf a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

M e th o d o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n 1
P a i d ti m e r a t e s ____________________________________
F o r m a l r a t e p o l i c y ____________________________
S in g le r a t e __________________________________
R a n g e o f r a t e s ______________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d o n a u t o m a t ic
a d v a n c e m e n t a c c o r d i n g to
le n g th o f s e r v i c e ______________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on m e r i t
r e v i e w __________________________________
P r o g r e s s i o n b a s e d on a
c o m b in a t io n o f le n g th o f
s e r v i c e a n d m e r i t r e v i e w ..........................
N o f o r m a l r a t e p o l ic y _________________________
P ie c e ra te _
_
_
_
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G r o u p ________________________________________
P r o d u c t io n b o n u s _______________________________
I n d iv id u a l____________________________________
G r o u p ____________________ _____ ____ _______
C o m m i s s i o n ____________________________________

8

6

20

25

5

7

6

27

2

13

13

21

10

8

47

52

40

47

21

58

10
16
20
7
6
1
11
2
9
1

10
8
27
10
8

20
-

6
25
6

7
46
8

24
21

26
16

27
3

2
48

7
72

23
19

-

-

-

16
2
14
-

-

1
1
6

1
1
6

96
3
1

98
2
-

83
13
-

77
14
9

100
-

-

-

-

-

M e th o d o f d e t e r m in i n g in c e n t iv e p a y o f
o f f ic e w o r k e r s n o t p r e s e n t e d

F re q u e n cy of w age paym ent
W e e k ly ______________________________________________
B i w e e k ly ____ _______________________________________
S e m im o n t h ly
M o n th ly
___
_ _
_
_ ....
O th e r f r e q u e n c y _______________ ____________________

1
2
3
"
4
5
6

(?)

(6)

-

61
29
9

3

F o r a d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e th o d s o f w a g e d e t e r m in a t i o n , s e e In tr o d u c tio n .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e an d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




2

70
20
6
4

92
5
2
-

56
18
25
-

99
1
-

27
58
15
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b li s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h is e m p h a s i s on
i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m th o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's fie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

M A C H IN E

CLERK,

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o rk in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ich a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a ll y in v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a f a n fo ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , an d u s u a l l y p r i n t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
•an d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .
B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f an d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by han d.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l l y
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l, c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ), c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to one p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W ork in v o lv e s p o s tin g a n d b a la n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
le d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s a n d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s in g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f il e c l e r k s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s " o r - p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s rerq u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d is e b y m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
CLERK,

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s an d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a ta on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s tin g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r i n s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a £ e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR
P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e of c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e of
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH OPERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r le v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f so m e d e t e r m in a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n ch ed ; e x t r a c t s in fo r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r an d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d .
M ay tra in
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s tin g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d by
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




F IL E

C l a s s A . In an e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f il e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

33

34
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e i o k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d I n d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d re d
p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E

BOY OR G IR L

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o se s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t io n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ich a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is l e v e l in c lu d e s a
w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly one o r tw o ; o r

SEC R ET A R Y
b . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l of
o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , OOO p e r s o n s .
j

A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e te c h n ic a l i n q u ir i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ; (c ) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in t m e n t s a s in s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a t u r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .

STEN O G R A PH ER ,

E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s it i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in itio n a r e a s f o ll o w s : (a ) P o s i t i o n s w h ic h d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s : (c) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n th o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in itio n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e no t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e le v e l d e f in i t io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
th o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la ss A
over

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y e s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss

se g ­

B

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l ,
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o th e r th a n c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f
a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l) o v e r e i t h e r a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .)
o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n )
o T a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5, 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r




C la ss D

b . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t . ( N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n s t e n o g r a p h e r s ,
r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; an d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r . )
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

S E N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b il it y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e fo llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o ffic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s su c h a s , m a in ta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o rk .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i tc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , su c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to d o in g
r o u tin e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e a s s i g n m e n t .
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t a r e
n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r
i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e
a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u l t i p l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d is t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s . M a y
p e r f o r m li m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s
i f th e f u n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in fo r m a tio n
p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e
f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

35
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a jo r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's ti m e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

GENERAL

T A B U L A T IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p ic a ll y
in c lu d in g s u c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , an d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s not in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , a n d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k i s
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o rk t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a l l t a b u la t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b l i s h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y fr o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d do s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s le g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IST
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e out b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a il .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e of th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y an d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t io n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s i g n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a i l d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s i n it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s i c . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e - s c a le ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
an d a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith i n it i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s
not in c lu d e t r a c i n g l i m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
and/ or
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d
e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e
i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e il l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e u e a lth , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT

CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

36
E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )— C o n tin u e d

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t su c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d
e x p e rie n c e .

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s an d
e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk i n v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O I L E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b li s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h an d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o il b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s he i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a l s o p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t io n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P l a n ­
n in g an d p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g it e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a.nd c u ttin g a n d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in to o l a n d d ie jo b b in g sh o p s
a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IS T ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g out o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h is w o rk ;
a n d fit t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p la c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l lin g




M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c tio n of a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r O ther s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; an d in s t a l l i n g an d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk
n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o il o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s is t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k of th e m a in te n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y i n g out' o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p i p e f it t e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in in s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

.
K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g in s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n ts a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; i n s t a l lin g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p ip e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly
a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o ut a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g up a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y of

37
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a i a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o ut o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p an d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e l l a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
fit tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r ’ s w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND W ATCHM AN

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r o n t o u r , m a in ta in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a te m e n w ho a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a te an d
c h e c k on id e n tity of e m p l o y e e s an d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k in v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a i l a b l e m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , an d r a t e ; a n d p r e p a r i n g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f il e s .

t h e ft,

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .

J A N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

OR CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a r w o m a n ; j a n i t r e s s )
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , an d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w h o s p e c i a l i z e in w in do w w a sh in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABO RER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e -h elp er)
A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p la c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
O RDER,

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m 6 to r e d m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r in s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s an d in d ic a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s it io n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r l.?4^tp n (s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m (lV 2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , othelr th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRUCKER,
PACKER,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

POW ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in s h ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W ork r e q u i r e s th e
p la c in g of it e m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e one o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y co n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a in e r ; i n s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s in g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a ta on c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s t a b li s h m e n t .

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r (f o r k lif t)
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t ----T h e e ig h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto r n e y s, c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s, en gin ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v ic e s , b u y e r s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 15 8 5 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1967.
F ifty cen ts
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w age s t u d i e s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d a t the
r e q u e s t o f the Wage an d H our an d P u b lic C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O ffic e , W ashin gton , D. C . , 20402, o r f r o m an y of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 9 6 8 --------------------------------------------A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1968 1_________
S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x. , A p r . 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------Allen tow n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
J u n e 1968 1______________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M ay 1968 1------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , Md. , S e p t . 1968 1 ----------------------------------B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1 9 6 8 * ____
P
O
B i n g h a m to n , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1_________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968----------------------------------B o i s e C ity , Idaho, J u l y 1968 1___________________________
B o s t o n ; M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 * ------------------------------------B u f f a l o , N. Y. , D e c . 1967-----------------------------------------B u r l i n g t o n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 8 -------------------------------------C an ton , Ohio, J u n e 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N. C. , A p r . 1968 1___________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , Ten n . — a . , S e p t . 1968 1 _________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------------------C in c in n a ti, Ohio— . —
Ky Ind. , M a r . 1968 1-------------------C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, S e p t . 1967 -----------------------------------C o l u m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 1967 -----------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 7 ________________________________
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o lin e , Iowa—
R
M
111. ,
D ayton, Ohio, J a n . 1 9 6 8 1-----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1 ____________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1 9 6 8 * ---------------------------------D e t r o it , M ich . , J a n . 1968 1 ____________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , N ov. 1967___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is. , J u l y 1968 1-----------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 6 8 * -----------------------------------H o uston, T e x . , J u n e 1968 1_____________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , D e c . 1967 1_________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ----------------------------------K a n s a s C ity , M o . — a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 1 ----------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1 9 6 8 1_______
H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1968 1------N
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h an d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a L
S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —
Ind. , F e b . 1968-------------------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 1 -------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , J u l y 1968 1---------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , J a n . 1968 1--------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1-----------------------------------------M idla n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1968 * ---------------------M ilw a u k e e , W is. , A p r . 1968-------------------------------------

Bu lletin num ber
and p ric e
1575-84,
1575-68,
1575-58,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1575-86,
1575-71,
1625-8,
1575-75,
1625-3,
1575-59,
1625-6,
1625-15,
1575-41,
1575-48,
1575-65,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1625-14,
1575-81,
1575-62,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

40
35
50
30
35
30
35
50
30
20
30
30
30
35
50
30
25
25
25

c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1625-16,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1625-7,
1575-66,
1575-82,
1575-36,
1575-49,
1575-33,
1625-17,
1575-74,
1625-11,

30
30
25
30
35
25
35
30
45
30
30
20
45
30
35

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1575-50,
1575-77,
1625-4,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1575-72,
1575-67,

30
30
30
35
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 ______________
S
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts , M i c h . , M ay 1968 1_____
M
N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1968 1___________
New H aven , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 1 ________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 19 6 8 ____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m p ton , V a. , J u n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
O k lah o m a C i ty , O k la. , J u l y 1 9 6 8 -----------------------------Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, Oct. 1967 1 _______________________
P a te r s o n r - C l i ft o n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M ay 1 9 6 8 1 ------------P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , Nov. 1967 1------------------------N.
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1968_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — ash. , M ay 1968 1___________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t — a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
M ay 1 9 6 8 _______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C. , A u g . 19 6 8 1 ____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1967 1 ------------------------------------R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o f f ic e o c c u p a t i o n s only), J u l y 1968 LR o c k f o r d , 111. , M ay 1968 1______________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo. —
111. , J a n . 1968_________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 7 _______________________
S a n A n tonio, T e x . , J u n e 1968___________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a l i f . ,
R
O
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 ___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a kla n d, C a l i f . , J a n . 1968_____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1968 1 --------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1968 1______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , Wash. , Nov. 1967 1 ___________________
E
S io u x F a l l s , S . Dak. , Oct. 1967 1 ______________________
South B e n d , Ind. , M a r . 1968 1__________________________
S p o k a n e , W ash. , Ju n e 1 9 6 8 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 ------------------------------------Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g. 1 9 6 8 ------------------T o l e d o , Ohio— ich . , F e b . 1968________________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J . , Oct. 1968 1_____________________________
U t i c a — o m e , N. Y. , J u l y 1968 1 --------------------------------R
W ashin gton , D. C. —
Md. — a. , S e p t . 1 9 6 8 ______________
V
W a te r b u r y , Conn. , A p r . 19 6 8 1 ________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 1967 _____________________________
W ichita, K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1968 1 ________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1--------------------------------------------Y ou ngstow n — a r r e n , Ohio, N ov. 1967 1 _______________
W

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
an d p r i c e
1575-47,
1575-60,
1575-54,
1575-34,
1575-46,
1575-78,

30
30
35
25
30
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-85,
1625-9,
1575-21,
1575-83,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1625-20,
1575-80,

30
30
25
40
30
30
30
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-61,
1625-13,
1575-27,
16 2 5 - 2
1575-70,
1575-39,
1575-35,
1575-69,

30
35
25
35
30
30
20
30

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents

1625-25,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1625-21,
1575-73,
1625-12,
1575-29,
1575-17,
1575-56,
1575-79,
1625-5,
1625-10,
1575-43,
1625-18,
1625-1,
1625-22,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1575-76,
1575-42,
1575-25,

40
20
25
30
30
35
25
25
30
30
35
30
30
35
35
35
30
20
20
30
30
25

cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U. S. DEPARTMENT OP LABOR

WASHINGTON, D .C . 20212
O F F IC IA L




B U S I N ESS

rFlRST~CLASS MAIL^
i__________________________

l

i


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102