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2

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IS 7

on & M o n tg o m e ry Co
P u blic L ib rary

A re a Wage

SEP 4 - 1968
UMENT COLLECTION

The Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, California, Metropolitan Area
March 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-64




L o s Angeles]
Long B e a c h 1

G arden G rove
• A n a h e im
San^Oj A n a
ORANGE

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Region I
John F. Kennedy Federal Building
Government Center, Room 1603-B
Boston, Mass. 02203
T e l.: 223-6762

R egion II
341 Ninth Ave.
New York, N. Y. 10001
T el. : 971-5405

R egion III
Box 1784
W illiam Penn Annex
Philadelphia, Pa. 19105

R egion IV
1371 Peachtree S t ., NE.
A tlan ta, Ga. 30309
T e l.: 526-5418

Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
C hicago, 111. 60604
T e l.: 353-7230

R egion VI
Federal O ffice Building
Third Floor
911 Walnut St.
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
T e l.: 374-2481

R egion VII
Mayflower Building
Room 337
411 North Akard St.
D allas, T ex. 75201
T e l.: 749-3616

R egion VIII
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, C alif. 94102
T e l .: 556-4678




Area Wage Survey
The Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A naGarden Grove, California, Metropolitan Area




March 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-64
July 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

Ben Burdetsky, Acting Commissioner

For sa le b y th e S u p e rin ten d en t o f Docum ents, U .S . G o v e rn m e n t P rintin g O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 3 0 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m of a n n u a l
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d d a ta by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv isio n for each
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , an d f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _____ ____________________________________________________________
W a ge t r e n d s f o r S e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A t t h e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e ac h a r e a stu d ied. A fte r
c o m p le t io n of a ll o f the in d ivid u al a r e a bu lletin s fo r a
round of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin i s i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d i n to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c e n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a t io n w hich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in dividual m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d i n the
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , i n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n ­
i n g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a l l y a n d on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s
an d su p p le m e n t a r y w ag e p r o v is io n s b ien n ially .

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _____________________
In d exes of sta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s tr a ig h t - t im e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n in g s: *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n ------------------------------m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and tec h n ica l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n ____________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffice, p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ica l o ccu p atio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s _________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________

A ppendix.

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a Ana— a r d e n
L
S
G
G r o v e , C a l i f . , in M a r c h 1 9 6 8 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
th ro u gh A p r il 1967, c o n s i s t of L o s A n g e le s and O ran g e
C oun ties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d in the B u r e a u ' s r e ­
gion al o f f i c e i n S a n F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f ., C h a r le s A .
R o u m a sse t, D irecto r.
T h e s tu d y w a s u n d e r t h e g e n e r a l
d ir e c t io n o f A d olph O. B e r g e r , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n al D i­
re c to r of O p eratio n s.




1
3

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________

* NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
other a r e a s .
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

av ailab le for

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s a n d s u p ­
p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the L o s A n g e le s — o n g B e a c h
L
a n d A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a— a r d e n G r o v e a r e a s a r e a l s o a v a i l ­
S
G
a b l e f o r m e n ' s a n d b o y s * s u i t s a n d c o a t s ( A p r i l 1 967),
a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s ( A p r i l 1 966); a n d on e a r n i n g s
o n ly f o r s e l e c t e d f o o d s e r v i c e a n d l a u n d r y an d d r y c l e a n ­
in g o c c u p a t i o n s ( M a r c h 1 9 6 8 ). U n ion s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of
p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e l s , a r e a v a i l a b l e fo r b u ilding c o n s t r u c ­
t i o n ; prin tin g; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p lo y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s.

iii

2
7

5
11
12
14
16

19




Area Wage Survey----

The Los Angeles—Long

Beach and Anaheim—Santa A n a-

Garden Grove, Calif., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t a n d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta exclude p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e
s h if ts . N on prod u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in cen tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d . W here w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r
o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w eek ly e arn in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U .S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on a n a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in t h a t e a r l i e r s t u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M a n u fac tu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and other public u t ilit ie s; w h o le s a le t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
in d u str y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th ese stu d ies a r e go vern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s a n d the c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a v i n g f e w e r t h a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the
b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w hich m e e t pu b licatio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p re se n te d re fle c t c om po site, areaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d j o b
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t of the s e x e s w ith in
in d ivid u al e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a l t h o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e t h a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a t a ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b li s h m e n t s a r e given their a p p r o p r ia te w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e of the s t u d y an d not the n u m b e r a c ­
tually su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e of e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e on ly to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s s t u d i e d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in gs data.

O c c u p atio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y of
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a n d n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e of the f o l l o w ­
in g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t of j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in
the s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e l i s t e d a n d d e ­
s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s d a t a f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e of the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u gh d a t a to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
ta b lish m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in t h is
b ulletin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se tab u latio n s is c o lle c te d bien n ially.
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w om en office w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i f fe r e n t ia ls ; sch e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs; paid
h o lid a y s; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s f o r t h i s a r e a .
1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r S tu d ied in L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h
an d A n a h e im —Santa A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , 1 b y M a jo r In d u s try D iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1968

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u stry d iv isio n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ithin s c o p e o f stu d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
P ercen t

N um be r

.

A ll d i v i s i o n s
M a n u f a c t u r i n g ______________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g
. . .
.... . _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
. ._
W h o le s a le t r a d e ..
. . _
R e t a i l t r a d e _____ ______________________ ______
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e . _
.
S e r v i c e s ( e x c lu d in g m o tio n p i c t u r e s ) 6 . ..
M o tio n p i c t u r e s 7 _____ ____________ _____ _

3, 41 6

399

1, 3 3 3 , 80 0

100

6 9 3 , 8 90

100
“

1, 287
2, 129

129
270

6 7 2 , 500
6 6 1 ,3 0 0

50
50

3 3 7 ,7 1 0
3 5 6 , 180

100
50
100
50
50
50

126
595
309
399
650
50

39
58
41
49
68
15

1 2 3 ,4 0 0
8 4 , 800
1 8 1 ,9 0 0
11 4 , 300
1 3 2 , 600
2 4 , 300

9
6
14
9
10
2

106, 460
2 2 , 260
9 6 , 5 20
5 9 , 110
5 3 , 170
1 8 ,6 6 0

1 T h e L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e im —S a n ta A n a - G a r d e n G r o v e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r il 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t o f L o s A n g e l e s a n d O r a n g e C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o ­
v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r ­
v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d
f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 196 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m it a t io n . A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u c h i n d u s ­
t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
E l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s an d m o s t o f th e l o c a l t r a n s i t f o r th e c it y o f L o s
A n g e l e s a r e m u n ic i p a ll y o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c lu d e d b y d e f in it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y .
6 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
7 M o tio n p i c t u r e p r o d u c t io n a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e s e r v i c e i n d u s t r i e s in d e p e n d e n t o f p r o d u c tio n b u t a l l i e d t h e r e t o .

O n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h
a n d A n a h e im —S a n ta A n a— a r d e n G r o v e a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s . T h e f o l ­
G
lo w in g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l
m a n u fa c tu rin g ;
In d u stry g ro u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ____ - 24
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p li e s
19
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ____ ___ 9
7
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s __
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ____ ___ 6
6
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l

S p e c if i c i n d u s t r i e s
A i r c r a f t an d p a r t s ___________
C o m m u n ic a t io n e q u ip m e n t ...
O rd n an ce
..... .

21
11
9

T h i s i n f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a n d in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d ( d a te o f t h e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 a n d J u n e 1961).
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m t h e i n d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a te of the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e ch a n g e s b etw een the in d icated d a te s .
These estim a tes a re
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; they a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in t h e a r e a .
M ethod of C om p utin g

in the o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n sta n t w e ig h ts r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h e rev er p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s for
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y the o c c u p a t i o n a l w e ig h t , an d the
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s i n the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s w e r e r e l a t e d b y d i v i d i n g the a g g r e g a t e f o r
t h e l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a n d c o n ti n u i n g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in g s
f o r t h e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g t h e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f t h e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women):
Bookkeepin g-m achin e operators,
class B
C lerk s, accoun tin g, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
T ypists, classes A and B

S k illed m aintenance (m en):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (autom otive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straigh t-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elec ted O ccupational Groups in Los A n geles-L o n g Beach
and Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, C a lif., March 1968 and March 1967, and Percents o f Change 1 for S elected Periods
Indexes
(March 1961=100)

Industry and occu pation al group

Percents o f change *

March 1967 M arch 1966 March 1965 March 1964 March 1963 March 1962 March 1961 April 1960
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
March 1968 March 1967
March 1968 March 1967 March 1966 March 1965 March 1964 March 1963 March 1962 March 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women) ----Industrial nurses (m en and w om en )---S k illed m ain ten ance (men) ------------U nskilled plant ( m e n ) --------------------

127.3
137.3
1 2 8.4
1 2 8 .0

122. 7
1 2 8 .7
1 2 1 .8
123.1

3 .8
6 .7
5 .4
4 .0

5 .3
6 .7
5 .1
3 .5

3 .4
2 .9
2 .7
2 .7

3 .0
4 .3
3 .3
4 .3

2 .6
3 .5
3 .1
3 .6

3 .3
4 .6
2 .7
3 .8

3 .3
3 .8
3 .2
3 .2

4 .1
3 .0
4 .0
3 .4

Ma nuf a ctur i n g:
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and women) ----Industrial nurses (m en and w om en )---S k illed m ain ten ance (m en) ------------U nskilled plant (m e n )--------------------

127.9
137.1
1 2 6 .7
123. 1

1 2 3 .6
1 2 7 .6
1 20.2
1 1 8 .2

3 .4
7 .5
5 .4
4 .1

5 .3
6 .3
5 .4
4 .7

3 .3
2 .9
2 .1
2- .5

2 .6
3 .8
2 .8
4 .6

3 .3
4 .0
2 .6
2. 7

3 .7
4 .6
3 .0
3 .6

3 .4
3 .3
2 .8
1 .9

3 .4
2 .9
4 .1
3 .1

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 This decrease reflects changes in em ployment am ong establishm ents with different pay lev els, rather than decreases.




4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e of e a r n i n g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d
l a t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a t i o n s an d i n c lu d e m o s t of the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in
each group.

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w ag e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly , w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r a n a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n sid e rab ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r-p ay in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

L i m i t a t i o n s of D a t a
T h e i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y:
(l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y an d
w a g e c h a n g e s , (Z) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d by i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , an d c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t io n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




The u s e of c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
of c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the d a t a .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e . W h e re n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in the s c o p e of the s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational E arnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and A n ah eim —
Santa Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rc h 1968)
G
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

60

$

$
65

$
70

$
75

80

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o f—
i
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 ---100
105
110
85
95
90
120
130
140
150
16C
180
170

$

$

190

$

65_ 70
_

75

80

-

-

-

-

—
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
—
-

85

90

95

100

105

1
1

200

210

-

an d
u n d er

and

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

~

2
2
2

5
5
5

276
276
276

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

23
13

89
69

34
15
19

29
16
13

6

13

4

8

-

20

48
18
3C

2

7
-

4
3

63
9
54
4
33

31
9

10

135
55
80

2

11

-

2

5
5

1

_

MEN
BI LLERS. MA CH IN E (BILLING
MA CHINE) -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

284
284
283

$
$
$
$
40.0 135.00 137.50 136.00-138.50
40.0 135.00 137.50 136.00-138.50
40.0 135.00 137.50 136.00-138.50

CL ER KS , AC CO UN TI NG , CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOL ES AL E TR A D E ----------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------M O TI ON P I C T U R E S 5-----------------

571
282
289
42
103
70
40

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

130.50
127.50
133.50
129.50
137.00
115.00
163.50

12 7 . CO
119.50
130.50
126.50
13 5 . CO
119.50
164.C0

115.50-143.00
107.00-140.00
122.50-144.50
108.50-143.00
128.00-143.50
98.0 0- 12 8. 50
143.00-179.50

_
-

CLERKS, ACCO UN TI NG , CLASS B -------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

252
113
139
30

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

113.00
109.00
116.00
117.50

111.50
10 9 . CO
11 4.CO
11 6.CO

105.00-123^00
105.00-117.00
103.50-131.00
103.50-13C.50

_
-

CLERKS, FILE, CL A S S B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

64
57

39.5
39.5

96.00
95.00

88.00

8 7 . CO

83.00- 11 5. 00
82 .5 0-116.00

-

-

CL ERKS, ORDER ------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------WH OL ES AL E TR AD E -----------------

1,205
412
793
757

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

131.00
133.00
130.00
130.00

1 2 8.CO
127.50
12 8.CO
128.50

117.50-143.00
116.50-156.00
119.00-139.50
118.00-14C.00

-

-

CL ER KS , PA YR OL L ----------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------MO T I O N P I C T U R E S 5-----------------

167
52
115
60

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

135.50
119.00
143.00
157.50

136.00 124.50-157.50
11C.CO 97.50- 13 6. 00
14 1 . CO 1 2 8. 00 -1 58 .5C
15 8 . CO 155.00-161.50

_
-

OF FI CE B O YS ---------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E R V I C E S 6------- -----------------M O TI ON P I C T U R E S 5-----------------

781
246
535
35
291
89
73

39.0
39.5
39.0
36.5
39.0
40.0
40.0

12
10
2

S E C R E T A R I E S 7---------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

95
64
55

40.0 146.00 14 7.CO 137.00-152.50
40.0 146.00 14 7.CO 135.50-158.50
40.0 146.50 14 5.CO 135.00-16C.50

SE CR ETARIES, CL AS S C -------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- -* ------=
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

56
52
50

40.0 145.00 14 1 . CO 133.00-159.00
40.0 146.00 14 4.CO 135.00-16C.50
40.0 146.50 14 4 . CO 135.50-161.00

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, G E NE RA L -------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - --------- ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

51
50
50

40.0 132.50 13C.50 12 5. 00 -1 37 .CO
40.0 133.00 13C.50 125.50-137.00
40.0 133.00 13C.50 125. 50 -1 37 .CO

TA BU LA T I N G - M A C H I N E C P E R A T C R S ,
CLASS A — -----------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------FINANCE --------------------------

304
148
156
78

See fo o tn o te s at end o f tab le,




39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

88.CO
89.00
98.00 105.50
85.50
85.00
82.50
87.00
79.50 7 5 . CO
90.50
89.50
95.50 96.50

139.00
140.00
138.50
128.5C

14C.C0
139.50
14 1.CO
131.50

75.5 0— lCC.GC
83 .00-111.50
73.00- 95.50
76.0 0- 10 6. 50
70.00- 88.00
87.00- 95.50
90.00- 1C 1. 50

129.50-15C.50
13 1. 50 -1 48 .CO
125. 00 -1 52 .CO
119.50-141.00

-

—
-

-

1

9
9

48
33
15
14

-

1

-

1

-

40
33
7
5

10

34
23

2

22
1

_
-

10
8
2

6
6

15
15

18
16

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
—

_
-

-

1

27
26

1

1

77
77
69

100

44
24

92

20

70
13
39
9
9

63
13
50
15

90
9
81
38
24
19

1

-

1

_

2

-

-

-

“

_

-

8

1
1

_
-

14
86
8

77

4
16

-

1

-

“

-

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

~

~

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

6

-

6

-

22

2

112
20

92
1

28
32
10

-

22
12

-

-

7
7

-

“

—

20
6

-

20

51
36
15

62
30
32

30
16
14

2

6

6

37
4
33
5

4
4
1

2
1

15C
53
97
97

83
30
53
53

9

36
5
31
31

18

14
13

-

2
2

1
1

12

7

8
8

162
57
105
105

200

327

156

88

8

110
110

239
203

148
148

1

1

-

-

30

1

28

34
14

1

4
4

26
4

80
57
23
3
-

79

-

-

-

1

1

2

-

-

_

_
-

_
-

2
2
2
1

1

2

5

4

-

_
-

-

6

68
11

2

5

6

7

_
-

9
9

-

90

81

38

66

12

15
15

26
26

_
-

2

3

2

-

16
15

2
2

2
1
1

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

_

5

_

16

36

12
12

12
12

11

5

11

8
8
8

i

1
1
1

-

2
2
1

10
10
10

16
12
12

6
6

5

9
9
9

8
8
8

5
5
5

~

~

1
1
1

24
23
23

17
17
17

7
7
7

_
“

2
2
2

_
~

-

26

42
19
23
14

72
45
27

76
4C
36
15

47
16
31

1

-

_
-

1
1

1

17

-

5
3

-

_
-

_
-

13

4

-

1
1

1
8
8

22

2

-

20
2

-

4

.

3

2

1
1

4
4

-

3
3

2
2

12

-

10

14
3

1

_

11

13
7
4

4
4

2
12

16
-

5

1

1

2

14
11

22

18
12
6
6

7
3
4
-

-

~

-

-

5
-

-

_
~
1
1

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
l-o s A n g e le s —L o n g Beo.ch and A n ah eim —Santa Ana— a rd en G ro v e , C a lif., M a rch 1968)
G

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(
standard)

$

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
65

i
70

$
75

Numbe:r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
$
S
$
S
1
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80
110
90
105
ICO
95
85
170
180
120
130
16C
190
140
150

and
under
65

515
213
302
140
94

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

$
127.50
130.50
125.00
125.50
1 2 0 .0 0

$
1 3 0 . CO 11 7. 00-137.50
1 3 2 . CO 12 5. 00-138.00
1 2 6 . CO 11 1. 50-137.00
1 2 1 . 0 0 11 0. 00 -1 40 .5 0
1 1 9 . CO 10 8. 0 0 - 1 3 3 . CO

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

~

~

~

-

~

-

_

_

_

-

~

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

17 2
141

40.0 117.50 1 2 1 . CO 111.00-126.50
40.0 1 2 1 . 0 0 1 2 3 . CO 117.00-127.50

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

105
62
43
7
14

175
87

61
3C
31
30
“

16
5

5

11

180

19C

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

6

4
4
“

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

—
—
-

-

-

-

-

-

17C

2C0

290

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

-

~
1

4

14
4

55

-

7
7
-

10
1

49
36

75
18
57
32

2

6

9

12

20

2

2

1

7
2

17
9

6

11
1

39
38

4

88

26
25

4

—

74
73

18
18

91
3

1
1

88
86

-

1
1

37

18

9

37
17

18

9

-

—

-

-

-

-

18
~

-

-

—
-

-

—
—

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121

169
97
67

112.50
91.5 0- 13 6. 00
91.50
88.0 0- 11 C. 50
1 3 5 . CO 112.50-137.50
134.00 137.50 13 6.00-138.50
93.0 0- 12 6. 00
106.50 110.50
11 1 .0 0

95.50

1 2 2 .0 0

66

40.0
40.0

MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

725
234
491
165
89
62

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

111.50
108.00
113.50
112.50
106.50
97.00

1 1 0 . CO
1 0 7 . CO
1 1 6 . CO
11C.CO
IOC.CO
98.00

B O O K K E E P IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLAS S B ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SE RV I C E S 6-------------------------

654
244
410
82
84
106
103

40.0
40.0
40.0
40*0
40.0
40.0
39.5

103.00
100.50
104.50
133.00
113.50
82.00
96.00

1 0 1 . CO
88.50- 11 7. 00
97.50
9 1 .0 0- 11 5. 00
1 0 2 . CO 83.50- 13 0. 50
137.50 13 6. 00-139.00
1 1 0 . CO 10 1. 00-125.00
73.50- 84.50
81.50
1 0 1 . CO 83.5 0- 10 4. 50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E R V I C E S 6------------------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S ----------------

4,079
1,642
2,437
192
449
572
710
429
85

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

119.00 119.50
1 2 0 . 0 0 1 2 4 . CO
118.00 117.50
128.50 131.00
1 2 0 . 0 0 121.50
125.00 131.50
105.00 1 0 5 . CO
118.50 119.50
142.00 137.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------- PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------M O TI ON P I CT UR ES5 ----------------

5,087
1,936
3,151
839
408
596
832
428
48

39.5
97.50
9 5 . CO 8 8 .0 0- 10 5. 50
40.0 1 0 0 . 0 0
9 8 . CO 90 .5 0- 11 0. 00
39.5
96.00
93.50
8 6 . 5 0 - 1 0 3 . CO
40.0
96.50
9 5 . CO 87 .5 0- 10 3. 00
99.50
97.50
92 .0 0- 10 5. 00
39.5
40.0
99.00
97.50
85.00- 10 8. 50
83.00- 93.00
39.5
87.50
8 8 .CO
39.0
99.00
97.50
9 1 .0 0- 10 6. 50
40.0 139.00 141.50 12 7.00-15C.50

160

99.00 IOC.CO
97.50
9 8 . CO

9 7 . 0 0 - 1 0 3 . CO
93.0 0- 10 2. 00

BOOfcKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table,




102.00-12C.50
10 2. 50 -1 14 .0 0
10 1.50-124.50
105.00 -1 2C .0 0
95 .5 0- 10 4. 50
91 .0 0- 11 0. 00

10 6.00-130.00
10 9. 00-129.50
10 5. 00 -1 31 .5 0
119.00 -1 38 .0 0
110.00 -1 30 .5 0
10 8 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 . CO
96 .0 0- 11 6. 00
112.00 -1 27 .0 0
13 1.50-157.00

—

-

-

-

-

55
52
3

63
34
29

“

"
*

“

2
2
-

29

~

48
27

25

1

3

21

3

5
16

24
5
19

“

~

~

_

_

_
“

9
9

3
3

3
3

60
28

68
12

7

~

3
3

_

-

“

1

4

13

23

-

-

85
30
55
19
25
7

121

-

114
69
45
44

170
57
113
41

44
25
19

_

_

-

-

4
4

4
4

13

23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

4

4

12
1

9
14

5

93
15
78

35
33

83
62

2

21

—

-

-

46
30

1
1

44
5
39

94
74

_

_

—
-

-

-

-

-

40
-

40
-

-

5
-

39

-

5

4

~

-

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

—
-

-

6

17

6

-

20
2

63
5

-

-

-

-

20

-

15

2

1

5

13
3

170
41
129

267
134
133

1

34
13
77
4

-

16
10

97
10

59
62
22

34

-

-

34

68
-

68

-

-

-

8

21

26

-

-

42
5

~

“

*

156
3
153
32
-

52
67
2

'

492
144
348
105

11

71
126
35

853
308
545
149
54
50
243
49

"

978
385
593
127
97
76
207
86

22

1

13

115
25
90
4
25

20

93
56
37
4

16
4

11

16
4
-

-

2

95
7

11
1
10

-

65

9

11

20

-

12

88

_

-

~

~

4

_

_

_

_

-

4

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

—

-

-

-

—

99
62
37
3
5
17

12
10
2
1

6

36

-

22

1

360
125
235
4
24
57
99
51

314
106
208

827
273
554
27
87
63

965
563
402
40
136
36
31
159
-

585
281
304
74
84
83
17
7
39

194

173
47
126
23

86

475
318
157
64
40
14

22

10
86

27
65

29

32
4

7

20

39
55
85
9
“

440
169
91
40
71
69

418
133
285
77
30

'

*

"

221

123
19
104

12

-

1

7
7

-

541
259
282
78
55
70
23
56

661

1

25

-

$

200

210

and

MEN - CO NT IN UE D
TABU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R S •
CLAS S B ------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

1

221

139
17

10

110

84
7
19

318
19
299
21

24
209

—

-

-

42
3

1
11

-

25

17

14

3

1

2
12
1

1
2

—

—
-

1

8

—

17

17
7

1

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

15

10

1

11

1

-

-

-

—

2

1

1

_

-

—
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

7

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and A n ah eim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rc h 1968)
G
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

WOMEN - CO N T I N U E D
294

CL ER KS . FILE, C L AS S B --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------W H O L ES AL E TR AD E ---------------RE T A I L TRADE -------------------FI N A N C E 4 --------------------------

2,638
429
2,209
156
72

CL ER KS , FILE, CL AS S C --------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H OL ES AL E T R AD E ----------------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

1,720
257
1,463
96
127

121

173
102

66

1,664

$
$
$
$
39.5 1 0 1 . 0 0 100.50 86.00- 11 7. 50
40.0 1 1 0 . 0 0 106.00 10 1.50-122.00
39.0
94.50
89. CO 79 .5 0- 10 7. 00
39.0
84.50
8 3 . CO 76.50- 96.00
39.5
82.00 77.50 7 1 .0 0- 86.50
40.0
95.50
94.50 83.00- 11 0. 00
39.0
79.00 76.00 70.00- 83.00
4C.0 115.00 116.50 114.50-118.50
39.0 94.00
93.50 79 .0 0- 98.00
8 6 .0 0
40.0
76.00 69 .5 0- 11 1. 50
39.0
75.50 70 .5 0- 81.00
76.00

1 ,2 1 2

39.0
39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

74.00
92.00
71.00
79.00
72.50
69.50

71.00
89.50
69.50
81.00
71.50
68.50

CL ERKS, ORDER ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------W H O L ES AL E TRADE ----------------

1,403
565
838
597

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

107.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A K U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E R V I C E S 6-------------------------

1,658
906
752
179

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R AT OR S --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------

1,239
391
848

-

98
-

98

_

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

115.50
114.50
116.00
134.50
116.00
109.50
104.50
1C9.50

113.50 99.00- 13 0. 50
113.50 98.5 0- 12 6. 00
114.00 10 1.00-135.00
136.50 134.00-138.50
113.00 109.50-123.00
110.50 93 .5 0- 12 8. 50
105.00 93.50- 11 3. 50
1 1 2 . 0 0 102.00-117.00

_
-

108.50
110.50
107.50
128.50
106.50
104.50

107.00

93.0 0- 12 3. 50
100.50-122.50
92.5 0- 13 0. 00
125.00-134.00
94 .5 0- 11 5. 00
88 .5 0- 13 0. 00

_

186
501

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

K E YP UN CH OPERAT OR S, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A K U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SERVICES 6------------------------MO TI ON PI CT U R E S 5 -----------------

3,303
1,476
1,827
213
416
94
88C
166
58

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0

K E YP UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC NM A K U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E R V I C E S 6------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5-----------------

3,645
1,251
2,394
309
540
453
903
128
61

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

1 0 0 .0 0




75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

3
3
3

19
19
17

24
24

21
1
20

11

40
15
25
25

43
40
3
3

19
5
14

23

54
48

6

6

15

6

6

6

461

535
59
476
-

424

406

4
4
4

267
106
161
132
-

6

10

40
17
23
5
15

19

10

130
57
73
25
44

88

413
-

160
27
133

19
7

6
2

8
8

9
9
-

24
24
-

76
60
16

48
27

107
34
73
73

433
114
319
283

116
49
67
61

411
246
165
7
45
32
19
62

182
107
75

253
80
173
135

140
63
77
5
46
18

177
118
59
15
23

-

338
7
3
320

424

363
52
311
31
32
243

203
55
148

10
6

129

170
44
34
92

13

40
40
-

123
46
77
23

206

62
39
23
23

58
55
3

1

47
26

35
15

161
84
77

189
137
52
-

-

-

55
369
50
-

50

_

11

-

-

11

-

1

178

8

11

111
95
70

20

25
23

2

-

1

88

2

84
4

1
2
1

50
41

21
21

52
16
36

147

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

19

9

16
37
16

28
18
4

99

79

93

71

-

-

-

85

29
58

4
28

47
56

146
45

253
117
136

419
170
249

4

1

18

-

-

-

-

3

18

46
4
42

-

-

-

-

-

3

18

42

113.00 113.50 103.50-124.00
115.50 118.00 106.00-126.00
1 1 1 . 0 0 111.50 101.50-120.00
122.50 127.50 110.50-134.00
1 1 1 . 0 0 115.00 101.50-121.00
118.00 130.50 104.50-132.50
106.00 108.00 99 .0 0-115.00
107.50 108.00 104.50-111.50
138.50 140.50 134.00-146.50

-

12
12
12
-

16

91 .0 0-110.50
92.50- 11 6. 50
9 0 . 5 0 - 1 0 5 . CC
89 .50-101.00
94 .5 0- 11 1. 00
86 .50-119.00
87.50— ICC.CC
95 .0 0- 10 6. 00
10 2 .0 0
123.50 114.50-129.00

_

-

—
-

-

~

~

-

16
-

-

1

-

1

14
-

14
-

1

2
8

16

-

-

-

4

8
3

182
77
105

20
104

8

96

1

51

1

42

152
84

-

-

-

1

-

142
39
103

8
68
21
6

1
1

-

-

“

40
15
25

21

3

104.00
98.00
95.50
101.50
1C1 .0 0
93.00
99.50
122.50

190

8

22

10

200 210

170

180

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

12
2
10

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

190

over

2

7
7

-

424

_

99.00
104.00
97.00
94.00
99.50
106.00
9 4 . CC

1
2

7
368

-

1 1 2 .0 0

2

116

13
446

-

-

68

14

4
7
-

19
266

364
364

11

6
1

104.00
132.00
104.50
101.50

$

200 210

6

138

$

1

21

24
24
17

1 ----

and

-

88.00- 12 3. 50
1 0 2 .0 0
89.5 0- 12 5. 00
116.00 87 .0 0- 12 3. 00
1 2 1 . 0 0 104.00-123.50

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .

70

461

1C6.50
104.00
108.00
115.00

86

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of$
$
$
1
$
%
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
90
95
85
100 105 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180

80

-

364

178
156
126

$
75

98

66 .0 0- 78.50
7 6 . 0 0- 11 0. 00
65 .0 0- 75.00
74 .0 0- 83.50
68 .0 0- 80.50
64.00- 73.50

101

$
70

and
u n d er
65

CL ER KS . FILE. CL AS S A --------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------F I NA NC E4 --------------------------

$
65

-

205
60
145
25

301
72
229
58

-

29
82
7

-

~

38
119
3
“

68
4
4
60

2

11

8

6

101
2
23
17
52
7

2

8

8
1C
-

106

12

3
7
7
18
157
43
114

2

21

47
3
153
25

~

588
114
474
89
129
32
208
16
“

524

101

423
52
133
28
196
14
~

542
191
351
41
74

86

61
9
14
3
29

6

96
45
51

1
6

44

377
166

211
19
37
-

88
67
~

256
89
167

21

171
43

43
40
27
36

~

~

22

3
3

21
12
19

22
1

11

3
9
14

-

3

1

92
43
49

6

5
37
_

~
71
63

8

-

1

-

33
14
19

21

118

850
303
547
44
123
17
314
46
3

878
640
238
18
114
3
89

202

30

578
305
273
9
131
90
19
3

303
158
145
14
-

21

102
29

-

-

26
176
ICO

30

50

-

20

1

-

_
-

12
12

-

1

-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

29

42
26
16

6

_
-

-

-

10

8
6

-

1

-

-

209
13
196
63

11

3
3
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

11

-

-

-

“

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s — o n g B each and A n ah eim —
L
Santa Ana— a rd en G ro v e , C a lif. , M a rch 1968)
G

Number

$

$

$

$

$

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
*
*
$
$
$
5
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
110
ICO
105
90
95
85
120
130
170
140
150
180
190 2 0 0
160

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D

Mean2

Median 2

$
$
83.00 77.50
92.50
9 2 . CO
77.50 7 5 . CO
77.50
76.50
95.50 1 1 C . 50
6 9 . CO
70.50
78.50
7 8 . CO

Middle range 2

$
$
70.50- 93.00
74.00- 11 C. 50
68.00- 82.CO
71.50- 83.00
76 .0 0-113.00
64.50- 75.00
76.00- 79.50

615
225
39C
72
58
189
53

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.0
40.0
39.0
38.0

SE CR ET AR IE S 7
------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------WH OLESALE TRADE -------------RE TAIL TRADE -----------------F I N A N C E 4-----------------------S E R V I C E S 6---------------------MO TION P I C T U R E S 5--------------

24,146
12,173
11,973
1,289
1,392
591
4,098
4,091
512

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0

127.00
129.00
125.00
133.00
127.00
124.00
117.50
125.50
152.00

127.50
1 3 1 . CO
123.50
135.50
127.50
1 2 3 . CO
117.50
125.50
14 9 . CO

113.50-14C.00
117.00-141.00
109.50-138.00
118.50-145.00
114.00-141.50
112.00-138.00
10 5.00-128.00
110.50-138.50
138.00-167.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RE TA IL TRADE -----------------F I N A N C E 4-----------------------S E R V I C F S 6----------------------

1 , 16C
692
468
32
77
70
146
131

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

150.00
149.50
150.50
166.50
153.50
136.00
148.00
152.00

15C.50
151.50
1 4 7 . CO
17C.50
146.50
138.50
145.50
1 4 7 . CO

140.00-161.00
14 3. 00 -1 59 .0 0
1 3 7 . 50 -1 63 .CO
152.50-18C.C0
140.00-157.50
118.50-157.CC
137.50-16C.5C
136.50-164.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------F I NA NC E4-----------------------S E R V I C E S 6----------------------MO TI ON PI CT U R E S 5--------------

4,253
2,139
2,114
119
313
76
872
633
101

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
40.0

137.50
138.00
137.00
156.00
136.00
127.50
127.00
143.50
168.00

140.50
1 4 2 . CO
134.50
16C.C0
133.50
1 2 7 . CO
126.50
145.50
168.50

125.00-15C.00
12 9.00-149.50
12 3.50-15C.50
144.50-167.50
12 6.00-158.00
116.00-14C.50
118.00-138.50
128. 50 -1 56 .CO
153.00-180.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------NC NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FI N A N C E 4 -----------------------S E R V I C E S 6----------------------MO TI ON P I C T UR ES5--------------

8,856
5,146
3,710
542
487
263
1,373
880
165

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
4C.C

130.50
132.00
128.00
138.50
126.50
120.50
118.50
135.00
150.00

132.50
133.50
1 2 9 . CO
138.50
131.50
118.50
118.50
1 3 8 . CO
1 4 8 . CO

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RE TA IL TRADE -----------------FI NA NC E4 -----------------------S E R V I C E S 6---------- -----------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5--------------

9,864
4,196
5,668
596
515
171
1,705
2,447
234

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.0
38.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
40.0




70

75

80

70

75

8

C

85

90

95

63

72

90
7
83

58
18
40
15
4
16
4

33

6
66
2

128
59
69

30

2

12

22
11

51

108
24
84
3

60

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RE TA IL TRADE -----------------F I N A N C E 4-----------------------S E R V I C E S 6----------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table,

65

- 65

Sex, occupation, and industry division

weekly
hours1
(standard)

and
u n d er

61
9
52
-

210

and

22

12

7
57
-

7
35
5

5
19
40

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

_
-

—
-

_
-

_
-

10

41
3
-

18
8

-

105

160

170

180

190

597 1039 1709 1542 3762 4347 4964 3458 1577
269
336 731
577 1718 2070 3052 2 1 0 0
939
328 703 978 965 2044 2277 1912 1358
638
30
81
97
17
111
177
331
191
124
39
79 285
80
74
258
175
246
47
34
141
20
52
8
124
75
54
51
150
307 502 426
895
447
884
107
264
329
266 269
114
588
879
715
484
221
24
38
86
85
~
122
“
-

557
224
333

248
43
205

41

88
6C
12

20

3
2

100

12
8

4
-

13
13
-

110

90
61
29

2

28

-

2

20
6

18
18
-

52
3
-

_
-

-

-

-

23
11
12

289
248
41
9
4
15
13
-

152
89
63
3

55
16
39
9

66

26
17
9
-

13
5

4

8

3
-

33
25

9
17

600 1154
284
790
316
364
9
20
48
50
11
7
138
145
1C6
126
4
16

630
403
227

237
82
155
42
58
-

128

315 1137 1335 2903 1664
105 514 652 2153 1071
210
623 683
750
593
20
17
171
80
105
64
21
135
50
117
89
9
19
60
9
135 378 358
177
57
69
18
124
226
247
3
32
11
58

575
288
287
84

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

26
26

6

41
41

133
91
42

129
95
34

—
“

-

-

-

20

-

13

6

6

_

-

_

-

26
“

4
38
-

1 2 0. 50 -1 41 .CO
125.50-141.00
115.50-141.50
130.00-149.50
114.00-141.00
111.00-128.50
109.00-128.00
127.00-146.00
13 8.00-165.50

_
-

_
-

-

-

17
3
14
14
-

19
5
14
-

158
65
93
30
4
37

116.00 116.50 10 4.50-126.50
116.50 1 1 8 . CO 106.00-126.50
116.00 115.50 104.00-126.50
121.00 121.50 10 7. 00-136.00
118.00 1 1 7 . CO 107.50-126.00
122.50 1 2 4 . CO 112.00-136.00
1C9.0C 107.50 I C O.50-118.50
116.00 1 1 6 . CO 105.00-127.00
144.50 142.50 133.00-157.00

_

_

4
4
4

34
7
27
3
-

63
19
44
3
40

2

4
18

3

2
10

-

-

1

8
10

12

-

3
3

6
22

-

-

over

92
70

~
-

-

210

12
2

-

-

200

38
93
42

-

-

150

115
50
65
16
18
_
3

-

-

140

4

-

-

-

130

10

-

_
-

120

6

23
17

-

-

$

-

6
6
2

1

6

22

433
204
229
17
9
4
107
92

2

106
115

307
116
191

10

10

25

25
19
129

221

12

45
23

8

10

24
-

83
75
8

8

—

27
5
22

6
11

5
407
171
236
4
30
7
162
33
~

699
193
506
6

61
23
264
152
-

152
38
114
20
12

35
47

777 1246 1098 2134 2286 13C4
230 513 377 958 1 2 2 0
577
547 733
727
721 1176 1066
87
71
80
2C
151
91
42
49
58
191
55
64
36
6
17
5
38
35
236
335
355 251
267
97
261
243
311 486 598
336
21
50
27

270
148
122

4
34
8

48
28

367
91
276
62
45
25
13
83
48

21
21

9
60

2

9

1

39
27
7
14
—
3

4
-

_
-

1

1

-

3
-

1

8

15
5

8
1

10

7
-

12

11

27
9
4
_
5
9

8
8

6
2

15
—
_
3

19
-

38

116
3

21
6

22

—
_
-

1

_
3
1

1

“
2
1
1

-

2

1

37
16

72
24
35
'15

11

20

11

20

159
53
1C6
42
-

25
34
1C7
17

31
19

3
3
14

11

8

29

_

_

-

8
1

29
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

29

-

-

-

100

16

81
81

10
2
3

—

14
52

11
3

-

-

—

2

10

5

1

_
-

_
“

_
—
~

_

_

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hou rs and ea rn in gs f o r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g eles—L o n g B each and Anaheim —
Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rch 1968)
G
Weekly earnings
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number:
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
65

445
165
141
913
300
152

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0
38.5
40.0

$
$
$
$
106.50 1 0 6 . CO 93 .0 0- 12 1. 50
113.50 1 2 0 . 0 0 10 3. 50-123.00
101.50 97.50 89 .0 0- 11 6. 00
9 2 .5 0- 12 9. 00
1 1 2 . 0 0 119.50
106.50 104.00 9 9 .5 0- 11 6. 00
1 0 0 .0 0
93.00 87 .5 0- 12 1. 00
94.50
93.00 87 .0 0- 10 2. 00
92.00
92.50 88.00- 98.00
124.50 124.50 11 8. 50 -1 34 .0 0

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, SE NI OR --------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T IL IT IE S 3 --------------WHOL ES AL E TR AD E ----------------F I N A N C E 4- ------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------M O TI ON P I C T U R E S 5-----------------

5,475
2,941
2,534
175
375
808
1,060
84

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

113.00
117.00
108.00
107.50
112.50
104.50
107.00
139.50

S W IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T O R S , CL AS S A ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 6 ------------------------M O TI ON P I C T U R E S 5----------------

1,045
480
565
75
53
161
118
113

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

113.00
117.50
109.00
113.50
110.50
100.50

S W IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR S, CLASS B ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------WHOL ES AL E TR A D E ----------------RE T A I L TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 6 -------------------------

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, G E N E R A L -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------WHOL ES AL E TRAD E ----------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 6 ------------------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S ---------------- -

3,786
1,670
2 ,1 1 6

70

-

—
-

—
-

114.00 9 9 .5 0- 12 6. 50
122.50 10 7.50-127.50
106.00 97 .0 0- 12 1. 00
113.00 10 7.00-126.00
104.00 97 .0 0- 13 2. 50
99.50 9 5 .0 0- 10 6. 50
1 0 0 .0 0
97.50 9 4 .0 0- 10 4. 00
123.50 126.00 11 7.50-132.50

-

1,665
195
1,470
154
104
206
445
557

39.5
88.50
88.50 7 5 .5 0- 10 1. 00
40.0 105.50 104.50 10 0. 50-114.00
39.0 86.50
86.50 73.50- 97.50
39.0 106.50 106.50 94 .5 0- 11 8. 00
39.5 104.00 104.00 97 .5 0- 11 2. 00
40.0
83.00
82.00 75.50- 91.00
39.5
87.50
89.00 83.00- 94.00
38.5
77.50 73.00 6 4 .5 0- 88.00

152
152
3
149

130
130
-

S W IT CH BO AR D C P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I C M S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------WHOL ES AL E TR AD E ----------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------F I NA NC E 4 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 6 -------------------------

2,198
944
1,254
83
493
82
292
293

39.5 97.00
94.50 89 .5 0- 10 2. 00
40.0 98.00
95.50 9 1 .0 0- 10 4. 00
94.00 8 8 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0
39.5
96.50
40.0 128.00 131.50 127.50 -1 33 .0 0
39.5
97.00
95.00 87.5 0- 10 3. 00
89.0 0- 10 4. 50
40.0 100.50 1 0 1 . 0 0
39.0
89.00 90.50 85.50- 94.50
92.00 93.00 89.50- 97.00
39.5

_
-

19
19
14
5

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OP ER AT OR S,
CLASS B ------------------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

267
227

40.0 1 1 2 . 0 0 108.00 100.00-115.00
40.0 107.00 106.50 98.5 0- 11 1. 50

502
115
387
54
293

93.50
39.0
94.00
95.50
39.5 93.50
39.0
94.00
93.50
40.0 ICO.00 1 0 0 . 0 0
38.5
90.00
91.00

OPER AT OR S,
G E NE RA L ------------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------WH OL ES AL E TR AD E ----------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------See fo o tn o te s at end o f table,




86.50- 10 0. 50
86.0 0- 10 1. 50
86.5 0- 10 0. 00
9 5 .0 0- 10 3. 50
85.00- 97.50

75

75

80

38
38
-

58
58
9
-

8

2

29

41

1

6

2
2

-

2
2

-

85

211

18
193
38
3
9
104
39
104
74
30
17
12
1

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

385
97
288
44
6
35
152
51

437
72
365
36

382
154
228
34
35

319

259
119
140
24
26

-

-

-

-

11
11

2
2

-

-

-

109
45

2

-

68

168
89
79
16
2
50
11

6

13
111

30

-

9
3

2

6

29
4
7
11
3

4

2

2
2

-

-

-

2

2

1

-

-

5
-

113
113
28

164

~

~

28
201
100

390
153
237
28
13
122
72

110
49
486
172
314
20

36
100
157

110

718
186
532
17
57
167
290

7
15
569
188
381
1

70
150
157

121

121

43
47
31

22

63

18
18
-

12

6
12

11
1

12

-

1

106
42
64
3
25
34

1

219

171

161

200

210

over

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

—
-

-

—
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

40

16

3

2

120

-

-

-

17

20
20
6
8

22

-

16
62
73

14
9
5

146
20

-

3

2

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

6

9

3

2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

16
4
3

-

-

-

~

_

161
64
97
25

332
255
77
24

-

-

-

17
5

2

1

-

—

11

28
17
19

36

35

4

-

154
59
95
45
18

59
17
42

6

_

_

_

_

6
2

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

5
4

2

_

_

_

~

_

-

-

-

-

2

119
21
98
4
4
45
41
3

94
23
71
5
14
30
15
4

101

138
14
124

52
49
8

10

182
59
123
23

17

21

56
16
40
13
16

20

9
46
24

4
5

10

8

12

154
61
48
43

211
24
16
14
120
37

159
14
2
20
105
18

189
32
157
91
38
28

342
154
188
2
64
26
66
30

562
261
301

435
189
246

168

92
98
111

108
9
45
84

28
30
3
21

8

65
2

23
-

_

_

11
1

2

36
41

86

82
-

2

97
45
52
3
30
7

21

30

5

"

145
129
16

123
43
80

-

21

16

87
4
83
57

53
3

11

-

7

1
1

11
11

21
21

35
35

27
27

60
60

58
58

5
4

29
5

36
36
36

56
24
32
29

107
22
85
4
78

64

98

19
7

4

10

20

54
10
42

78
14
59

85
32
53

18

10

12
6
6

4

10

20
21

-

18
-

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

_

5
5
5

-

190

-

58

~

_

180

266

_

-

170

45

~

_

160

947 1762
390 1545
557 217
33
13
123
46
126
59
269
87

_

-

150

2

34

~

_

210

2

2

159
92
7

1

443 1080
242 856
201
224
39 113
17
20
16
40
93
6

11

209
3
51

2

-

$
and

113.50 101.50-126.00
123.50 10 6.50-127.50
106.00 9 9 .5 0- 11 6. 50
92 .0 0- 12 0. 00
1 0 2 .0 0
111.50 10 4. 00 -1 19 .0 0
103.50 9 6 .0 0- 11 0. 50
105.00 100.50-115.00
134.50 13 2. 00-140.00

ra ns cri^ ing-machine

70

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$---- 1----- f
$
1 ---- $
$
*
$
%
$
$
$
$
T
110
100
90
95
105
85
80
120
130
140
150
160
190 2 0 0
170
180

and
under
65

WOMEN - CO N T I N U E D

$

$

2

13
1

-

.

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s try d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s— o n g B e a c h an d A nah eim — a n ta Ana— a r d e n G ro v e , C a l i f ., M a rch 1968)
L
S
G

Number

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(
standard)

1 ---- i---- I ---60
65
70
M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S

75

80

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
1 ---- 1 ---- 1 ---- T ---- 1 --- $
1 ---- $
$
t
$
I-----I---- 1 ---- f --$
85
ICO 105
110 120 1 30 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210
90
95

and
unde_r_
65

and
70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

8

45

277
59
218

444
106
338
15
31
238
54

376
137
239
4
26
125
81

320
150
170

82

11

-

70

11

_

20

509
160
349
19
24
269
37

179
47
132

-

546
63
483
64
24
373

188

45

226
31
195

13

4

4

200 210

170

180

190

-

-

-

-

—

—

_

_

_

_

-

_

—

_

_

—

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
TYPISTS. CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES1
3
2
------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE4---------------------SERVICES6--------------------7
MOTION PICTURES5--------------

3.211
833
2,378
144
170
1,437
555
51

$
$
$
$
39.5
97.50 9 5 . CO 87 .5 0-104.50
40.0 102.00 100.00 91.50- 11 0. 00
39.5
96.00
93.50
86 .5 0- 10 3. 00
39.5
99.00
9 2 . CO
88 .0 0- 11 4. 50
39.5
97.00
9 7 . CO
88.50- 10 4. 50
39.5
89.50
89.50
84.00- 95.50
39.5 109.00 108.50 99.0 0- 12 1. 50
40.0 126.50 129.50 12 4.00-133.50

TYPISTS. CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--- --------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE4---------------------SERVICES6---------------------

7,580
3,306
4,274
246
446
343
2,479
730

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

89.50
96.50
84.00
89.00
93.00
92.50
80.50
84.50

86.C0
92.50
82.50
8 4 . CO
9 3 . CO
87.C0
80.50
83.50

78.50- 98.00
84 .0 0-115.00
75.50- 90.00
81.50- 91.00
82.50- 10 3. 00
74 .5 0-120.50
73.50- 86.50
76.50- 93.00

-

35
-

35
-

35

-

8

-

8

-

538
106
432
-

22

19
313
78

-

44

1

628
73
555

2

19
71
402
61

-

157
18

-

6

192
19

22

972 1328 1196
574
346
386
622
626 942
29
11 140
87
36
26
36
25
43
447
420 536
154
74
126

728
326
402
14
52
13
232
91

431
252
179
-

51
17
40
71

366
153
213
15
74

12

41
71

68
120
5
18
23
70

6
8

20

12

11

92
9

127
18

28

175 1039
126 951
49
88
1 15
26
49
8
7
8
5
4

138
13
125
19
3
92

6

_

_

6

1

20

3

-

-

*

6
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e ­
sp o n d to th e s e w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u te d f o r e a c h jo b by to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
Th e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
th an th e r a te sh o ^ n ; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a te sh ow n.
T h e m id d le r a n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth of th e w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than th e lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s an d a fo u rth e a r n m o r e th an
th e h ig h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 S e e fo o tn o te 7, ta b le 1.
6 E x c lu d e s m o tio n p i c t u r e s .
7 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly




11

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s try d iv isio n ,
L o s A n g e le s— o n g B e a c h and A n ah eim — a n ta Ana— a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f ., M a rc h 1968)
L
S
G
Weekly Earnings1
(stan dard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i

80
and
under

$

S
85

90

$

$
95

N u m b e r of workersi receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
(
S
1
%
*
*
$
t
$
$
$
i---$
$
105
110
115
120
100
125
130
135
140
145
150
160
170
190
180

i

I
200

21C

and
100

105

110

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

“
8

-

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

-

-

s
4
-

23
18
5
-

43
25
18

217
170
47

385
217
168

12

11

365
292
73
-

210

-

30
30
-

g

-

83
26
57
5

70
33
37
17

14
-

6

16

135
118
17

169
118
51

295
213
82

285
2CC
85

2

8

12

12

80

12

23

70

~

_
“

_
—
-

48

193
143
50
24
14

12
6
6

1

108
14
-

386
349
37

11
2

157
139
18
-

13

11

93
63
30

122

5

15
13

72
70

91
71

51
49

51
50

51
41

3

2

20

46
46
-

2

1

10

3

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

11

127
124
3
3

1

15

21
21

16
16

12
12

17
17

21
21

9

~

~

~

~

2

6

6

19

~

17

18

16

~

3

9

9
9

16
15

3
3

5
5

8
8

11

10
10

1

“

-

8

8
8

8

2

95

130

2

90

125

12

85

115

120

-

-

1

5

2

~

“

1

5

2

18

20
12
8
8

99
58
41
41

105
99

65
29
36
36

58
47

2

6

“

~

“

~

47
38

67
53
14

78
62
16

18
13
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

65
52
13
9

o f p a y fo r o v e r tim e

a t r e g u la r

MEN

924
529
4fc

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

$
170.00
167.50
175.00
177.00
1 »3.UU

$
170.50
167.50
17 4 . CO
162.50
lfJ.3U

$
$
161.00-180.50
15 9.00-176.00
16 6.00-184.50
15 0.00-206.50
i a c co.i c o •bu
rn
lo)«DU— 1

,897
,488
409
84
287

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

148.00
148.00
149.00
159.00
144.50

147.50
1 4 8.CO
14 5.CO
16 7 . CO
143.50

136.50 -1 60 .5 0
13 6. 50-159.50
13 4.50-165.00
12 9.00-177.50
13 4.50-161.50

_
-

D R AF TS ME N, CL AS S C ------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------S E R V I C E S 4 -------------------------

867
704
163
141

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

122.50 10 8. 50 -1 34 .0 0
124.50 1 2 4.CO 11 0.00-136.00
111.50 ill.CO 10 1.50-121.50
106.00 106.50 10 1. 00 -1 14 .5 0

16
16
16

4
4
“

4
4
4

O R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S -------------------u ikmr
PANlih A C Timf I N b --------------------IUK

149
149

39.5 115.50 117.50 100.00 -1 30 .0 0
n w rn
1UU
39.5 115.50 117.50 inn • r r ul jr s UU

-

20

8

DRAFTS ME N* CL A S S B — -------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

97
84

40.0 152.50 15 6 . CO 14 0. 50-165.50
40.0 154.00 157.50 142.00-167.50

DR AF TS ME N, CL A S S C ------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ----------------------

91

40.0 129.00 12 8 . CO 11 7. 00 -1 45 .0 0
40.0 129.50 1 2 e.C0 117.50 -1 45 .0 0

NURSES, IN DU ST RI AL CREGISTERED) --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NC N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

624
484
140
35

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---~ — --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------r rn w t r r rA ------------------------SfcK VICE 5
DR AF TS ME N, C L A S S B ------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------S E R V I C E S 4 -------------------------

1 ,453

1
1

1 2 2 .0 0

1 *K>

3

g

10
10

6
6

2

11

1

ICC
110

xue

4
~

2
11
10

15
1

16
16

WCMFN

86

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

143.00
143.50
140.50
147.50

14 5.CO
145.50
142.50
14 4 . CO

13 4. 00 -1 53 .0 0
13 5.00-153.00
12 9. 50-153.00
13 8 . 5 0 - 1 6 2 . CO

“
_
-

*

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

2

-

-

—

-

2

7
7
-

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e
sp o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m uni c a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 E x c lu d e s m o tio n p i c t u r e s .




7

2

17

-

10

2

7

30
14
16

1

1

9

1

11

8

a n d /o r

11

92
78
14
3

170
142
28
1

p r e m iu m

~

29
15
14
9
ra te s),

~
~

2

and the e a rn in g s c o r r e ­

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
l-ios A n g e le s —L o n g B each and Anaheirm -Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif . , M a rch 1968)
G

Average

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--W H OL ES AL E TRAQE ----BTLUERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLAS S A ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------B O O K K E EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CL AS S B ------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 4-------------------------

574

121
453
38C
67

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

160

4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0

66

4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0

745
234
511
165

89
77

654
244
41C
82
84
106
103

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -----WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------FI N A N C E 3 ----------------S E R V I C E S 4---------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5 -------

4 ,6 5 0
1 ,9 2 4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 ,7 2 6
234
552
587
780

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

125

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MA NU FACTURING -----------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----WHOLESALE TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------FINANCE 3----------------S E R V I C E S 4--------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5-------

5 ,3 3 9
2 ,0 4 9

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

3 ,2 9 0
869

9 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

618

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 75
431

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

73

4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0

307

1 0 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CL AS S A
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG FINANCE 3---------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B MANUFA CT UR IN G -----N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG PUBLIC UTILITIES 2
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE ----FINANCE ----------See footn otes at end o f ta b le .




448

424

1 2 0 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 4 9 .0 0

100.00
1 0 0 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

186

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

106

3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

2 ,7 0 2
436
2 ,2 6 6
172

3 9 .5
4 C .0

8 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0
1 1 6 . OC
9 4 .0 0

4 C .0
3 9 .0

8 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

121

73

66
1 ,6 7 5

Weekly

Weekly

hours 1
(standard)

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S
$
1 2 3 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

Number
of

earnings 1
(standard)

- CO NTINUED
$
7 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------

1 ,7 4 7
262
1 ,4 8 5

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

96
127
1 ,2 3 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

2 ,6 0 8
977

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 ,6 3 1
1 ,3 5 4

3 9 .5

1 2 3 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 4 -----------------------MO TION P I C T U R E S ----------------

1 ,8 2 5

3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0

958
867

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

203
122
178
156

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0

136
72

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

1 ,2 6 3
394
869
86

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE 3-------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S 5 ----------------

3 ,3 1 2
1 ,4 7 8

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 ,8 3 4
218
416
94
882
166
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N G NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I NA NC E 3 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 4------------------------MOTION PICTURES 5 ----------------

3 ,6 6 4
1 ,2 5 3
2 ,4 1 1

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

OFFICE BCYS AND GI R L S ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NG NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------SERVICES 4-----------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5 ----------------

O ccu p ation and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

0F«=ICF O C C U PA TI ON S

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- C O NT IN UE D

1 1 8 .5 0

3 9 .5

Average
Number
of
workers

207
501

7 9 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .0 0
1 0 6 ,0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0

313
541
453

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

915
128
61

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 ,3 9 6
471
925
49
111
66
480
142
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

8 6 .5 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 '
9 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------S E R V I C E S 4------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S 5----------------

2 4 ,2 4 1
1 2 ,2 0 4

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 7 *0 0

1 2 ,0 3 7
1 ,3 4 4
1 ,3 9 9
591

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0
1 3 3 .5
1 2 7 .0
1 2 4 .0

4 ,0 9 8
4 ,0 9 1
514

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, C L AS S A -------------MA NUFACTURING — ------------------NG NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TR AD E ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------S E R V I C E S 4-------------------------

1 ,1 6 5
692

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .5 0

473

3 9 .0

32
82
70

4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 5 0 .5 0
1 6 6 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CL AS S B -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------WHOLESALE TRAD E ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------S E R V I C E S 4------------------------MOTION PI CT UR ES ----------------

4 ,2 5 7
2 ,1 4 0
2 ,1 1 7
120
314
76

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

872
633

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, C L AS S C -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WHOLESALE TR AD E ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FI N A N C E 3 -------------------------SERVICES 4------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S ----------------

8 ,9 1 2
5 ,1 5 0
3 ,7 6 2
592
488
263
1 ,3 7 3
880
166

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CL A S S D -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRAD E ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES ------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S ----------------

9 ,8 9 4
4 ,2 2 2
5 ,6 7 2
600

3
3
3
3

STENOGRAPHERS, G E NE RA L -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S --------------WHOLESALE TRAD E ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE -------------------------SERVICES 4------------------------MOTION P I C T U R E S ----------------

146
131

102

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
9
9
9
8

.5
.5
.0
.0

1 2 9 .0 0
0
0
0
0

1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0
1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 3 9 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0
1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .5
1 1 6 .5
1 1 6 .0
1 2 1 .0

0
0
0
0

515
171

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0

1 ,7 0 5
2 ,4 4 7
234

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 4 4 .5 0

3 ,8 3 7
1 ,6 7 1

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

2 ,1 6 6
495
165
141

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0

913
300
152

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0

13

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and Anaheirr>-Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rch 1968)
G
Average

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard' (standard)

OF FI CE OC C U P A T I O N S - CONTINUED
S T E N OG RA PH ER S, S E NI OR -------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------WH OL ES AL E TRAD E --------------F I N A N C E ------------------------S E R V I C E S 4 ------- ---------------M O T I O N P I C T U R E S ---------------

5,480
2,941
2,539
175
380
808
1,060
84

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
39.5
40.0

SW IT C H B O A R D OPER AT OR S, CLASS A --M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2— ----------R E TA IL TRADE ------------------FI N A N C E 3 ------------------------S E R V IC ES 4 -----------------------M O TI ON PI CT UR ES 5---------------

1,047
480
567
75
53
161

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0
40.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

S W I T CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR S, CLASS E --M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE --------------R E TA IL TRAOE ------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------S E R V I C E S 4------------------------

1 ,6 6 8

SW IT CH BO AR D OP E R A T O R — R E C E P T I C M STSM A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------WH OL ES AL E TR AD E ---------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------S E R V I C E S 4 ------------------------

120

113
196
1,472
154
104
206
445
559

2,198
944
1,254
83
493
82
292
293

$
113.00
117.00
108.00
107.50
112.50
104.50
107.00
139.50
113.00
117.50
109.00
113.50
110.50
ICC.50
1 0 0.00

Average

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON ^ - CO NT IN UE D
TABU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------FINANCE 3----------------------TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------F I N A N C E 3----------------------TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S
345
171
174

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
1 3 9 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 3 7 .5 0

782
253

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 2 .0 0

529
142

118

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0

184

4 0 .0

149

4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

39.5 97.00
40.0 98.00
39.5 96.50
40.0 128.00
39.5 97.00
40.0 100.50
39.0
89.00
39.5 92.00

T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R S ,
GE NERAL ---------------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------NCNM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------WHOLESALE TR AD E -------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------

502
115

3 9 .0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FI NA NC E 3 ----------------------SERVICES 4 ---------------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S 5 --------------

Number
of
workers

- CONT IN UE D

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2 ------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RE TA IL TRADE -----------------FI NA NC E 3 -----------------------SERVICES 4 -----------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
7 ,6 3 8
3 ,3 1 2
4 ,3 2 6
273
447
347
2 ,4 9 0
733

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

89
96
84
90

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

9 4 .0 0

1 ,4 9 7
949

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

548
49

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

438

4 0 .0

1 7 6 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------S E R V I C E S 4 ----------------------

1 ,9 9 4

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 8 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0
1 4 4 .5 0

0
0
0
0
0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------S E R V I C E S 4 ---------------------

958
790
168
145

4
4
4
4

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

8 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

D R AF TS ME N- TR AC ER S ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

175
175

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL {REGISTERED) ■
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------

640

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 4 0 .5 0
1 4 7 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

54
293

4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

3,227
839
2,388
15C
17C
1,437

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

387

555
55

3 8 .5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

97
1 0 2
96
99
97

.5
.0
.0
.5
.0

1 ,5 7 2
422
84
300

497
143
35

a te )
1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p ay fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m rra te ss),
c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 E x c lu d e s m o tio n p i c t u r e s .
5 S e e fo o tn o te 7, ta b le 1.
6 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------SE R V I C E S 4 ----------------------

123.50

88.50
39.5
40.0 105.50
39.0 86.50
39.0 106.50
39.5 104.00
83.00
40.0
39.5
87.50
38.5 77.50

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0

and the ea rn in g !

14

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s try d iv isio n ,
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h and A n ah eim — a n ta Ana— a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rc h 1968)
L
S
G
Hourly earnings 1

N u m ber o f w o rk ers
%

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

2 .5 0

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range2

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

1 ,0 7 0
760

3 .3 4

$
3 .8 2
3 .8 3
3 .7 4
3 .0 7
3 .9 2
3 .7 2

2 ,5 4 6
4 .0 7

$
3
3
3
3
3

-

$
3 .9 3
3 .9 0
4 .1 9
3 .6 3
4 .1 4

3 .6 1 4 .3 5 -

-

2 .7 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

-

$

$
3 .2 0

$

S

2 .9 0

$
3 .1 0

3 .3 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3
6
6
4
5

-

1
-

1
-

7

61

6

1

1

2
59
57

3 .7 7 4 .3 5 -

3 .4 0

%
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

1
$
4 .4 0 4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

45
20

99

47

81

299

98

107

66

26

10

86

297

80

76

4

19

-

-

25

31
16

31

12

272
272

34
34

30
30

23

57
57

under

5

1

93

24

1

4 .0 8 -

f c n V 1 tfc c
or K u i r i r o ’

62
d 'i 'i

^

3 .5 5 -

38
31

4 .2 5

-.B D

3 .7 8

3 .7 2 -

3 .9 9

11 r L r c K b f u A i nT C ni i kli r c t n i n rco ———————
n t <n rn r
P A T l 1t i lA ib t
I KA Lf c
M ik i nr k r l U K f t r
..
MAIHUr AL T n n t i nio —— ——————————————

nn

<,.3 D
/

11

108

48
46
2
1

2
2

6
3

3 .1 0

3 . C l-

3 .4 3

3 .1 9

3 a
3 .2 3

a r3
3 .0 a -

a 2a
3 .4 3

2

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S * T C C L R C C M —
r A n U r A t l U K I N b ——————————————————

874

3 .8 9

3 .9 4
3. 9Y

3 .8 9 -

3 .9 8

-

3 .8 9 -

M A C H I N I S T S , M A IN T E N A N C E ------------------------U A n U r A b T IID T k "*
l/
n A illlC A T l UKlIMb
————
———————————
kinAlftl A iifIC A t 1 UK T nib
N U n PA IV U rAT T IID i kir* — —————————— ———

1 ,1 5 6

4 .0 7

3 .7 6 -

4 .3 9

108

*I.Z 8

t.iiim Lc r A iL e t o A n c ——————————————
pHU kba t IK a Ut
O T T A l L T K A n r —————————————————
K k l A vi
I O i Ut
u
P crbe iA iN n b r f
n i i I rb

y A t N 1 t k i A INL c
r A 1 iiT C N a kir t

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

————————————

-----------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------------------------------S E R V I C E S 4 -----------------------------------------------r I LLMK I b n 1 b
N i i m r i r T i t n r Air
PA MUr A b l Un l l N b

—
-

——

C IL E R S

4 .0 2
3 .9 4

3 .7 4 -

4
4
4
4

-

45
35

18

XU
-

_

1
3

23

220
196

71

_

_

-

_

2 ,9 3 1
2 ,7 7 4
157
75

ZD 1

162

663

14
5
1

12

2
-

-

-

2

17
-

16

.6
.9
.1
.8

3
8
0
9

-

.1
.1
.1
.0

7

3 .8
4 .1
4 .1
4 .0

3 . fD

3 . 8H

3 .7 2

3 .8 0
3 .8 0
3 .7 9

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 3 .5 9 -

3 .9 5
3 .9 5
3 .9 3

3 .7 5

3 .5 5 -

3 .8 4

a
a
4 .3 n

3 •o t*
3 .8 6 -

12
3

8

3

A
4 . 1IO
9

-

-

-

-

-

20
20
-

24
24
-

12
12
-

~

-

“

“

-

“

133

27

4

19

13

57

13

57

28

71
70

58
57

7

15
2

45

21
7

37
36

14
13

44
44
-

1

135

233

134

218
15
11

1
“

ia
XJ

325

3 .1 7

3 .1 6

2 .9 5 -

3 .4 1

6

32

4

P A I N T E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E ----------------------------y A A llir A T T IlD V A ir
P A n U rA b Iv J o in u
^
AinifU A AllICA r T lUK T N b ——————————— ———
NUINnAlNUrAb 1 IO I fcl r*
m iD i » r ii T t i r y » r
.
r v J B L i b Ul 1 L 1 1 i b b
—
c p n \ / frp c 4
j C K V IL l J
—
b n I i niii n i r 1 o c o
..
P U T l U N r 1 b m UK r r 5 ————.
———————

752

3 .7 3

3 .7 2

3 .5 6 -

3 .9 1

_

-

-

.7 2
.7 6
.9 7
.6 8

3 .7 9

3 .9 2
3 .6 7

3
3
3
3

3 .5 5 -

54

3 .6 2 3 .7 6 3 .6 3 -

36

4 .3 5

4 .3 5

4 .3 5 -

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A IN T E N A N C E ----------------------y Af ti nr i r T H D T n r ................ ..
r A n U r A i . l u n i n u —— —— —
— — ——
—

3 .9 9

4 .0 3
4 .0 4

3 .9 3 3 .9 6 -

4 .0 9
4 .0 9

-----------------------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end o f table




7e

4 .0 6

13

6

1

4 .1 2
4 .1 3

o

1

3 .7 6

28
28

4

2

112
112

3
3

347
250

2
17

48

28
24

11
11

29

g
21
5

33
26
7

73
43
30
13

57
57

60
56

519
516

131
127

168
166
2

125
134
1

46

250
234
16

168
77
91
88

159

103

43
116
5

54
49
34

31
77

14

517
481
36

32
14

1111
142
969
896
70
3

-

-

-

-

-

83

21

216
175
41

31
31

10

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

“

~

~

21
83

191
g

10

24
24

183
160

166

2

166
-

2
-

~

“

25
25

121
121

~

~

~

76
38
38

9
3

-

-

-

-

1

9
9

2
2

-

342
318
24

153
139

268
241

480
454

14

~

16

~

27
23

26
17

3
3

7
7
11
10

10
10

23
21

“

~

53
48
5
1

73
71
2

117
68
49
5

198
174

29
19

63
47

24
3

10

43
16
27
18

41

21

10

2
2

6
6

54

120
116

264

12

264

g

3

312
300

-

2

2

\

23

*

30
30

31
31

8
5
3

28

12
5
g
6

83
83

12
12

4 .3 5

633
573

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

12

43
15
28
26

87

60
60

2
223
221

13
54
111
l i l

an

18

6
g

a

----------------------- —

28
38

114

13
g

4 .4 7

3 .7 2
3 .7 4
3 .6 8

66

i aa

Z8

(y

81
2

g

1

C l®**

155

51

28

28

12

1

0
8
8
9

3 .8 0
4 .0 4

60

1

1
5
3
4
3

6

1

18
16

16

13

3 .9 8

'i 1

169
155

11
1

16

93
69

4 .4 0

3
3
4
3

52

a

4 .1 8

4 .1 8 -

16

31
12

3 .9 8

3 .B V

1 ,5 4 8
1 ,2 8 5

95
84

19

3 .1 4

167

M E C H A N IC S * A U T O M O T IV E
f PA k i 1 c t i A k i r t 1
( u f t f1 NT r fM A n l b c t ————— —— — ——— ——— —
UAAllfC A T 1UK I l ib
P A N U r A b T IIO I kU* —— — — ————————— —
—
k m i u f n U i c i 1 UK u i P
n U NiP A t L - riA br r a i n 1 Wb
”
n Uo L f r L
c
r ilD I i b I T ITl !L T T lI tco ^ ————— — —————
ll

1

i

791

———————————

—

2
15

49

2

-

7

21
3

4 .8 C

1

1

1

12
”

——

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

2

41

10

1

4 .3 0

3 .9 0
3 .9 0

4 .2 5
3 .8 1
4 .0 7

y
7 -»t

13
1

4 .3 4
4 .3 5

4 .3 5

o f—

$
3 .5 0

39
131

s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s

and

4 .3 1
4 .2 4

.5
.5
.3
.0
.4

r e c e iv in g

$
3 .0 0

3 .7 6
4 .3 5

3 .7 9 3 .7 9 -

2 .6 0

*
2 .8 0

1

U nder
$
2 .5 U

$
3 .7 3
3 .7 3

*

2 .6 0

Number
of
workers

1

4
4

1
1

16
16

“

6
5

36
-

-

-

-

_

-

58
7

-

-

1
1

54

99
99

15

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for m e n in selected occupations studied on an area oasis by industry division,
Los Angeles— Lo ng Beach and Anaheimr-Santa An a — G a r d e n Grove, Calif., M a r c h 1968)
Hourly earnings 1

N um ber of w o rk ers

r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s o f—

$
2 .6 0

i
2 .8 0

$

i

$

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
3 .9 0

$
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

i
i
4 . 80 5 .0 0

i

3 .1 0

$
3 .5 0

i,

3 .0 0

*
3 .4 0

i

2 .9 0

1
3 .2 0 3 .3 0

%

2 .7 0

2 .6 0

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 . 00 5 .2 0

5 .4 0

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

15
8
7

42
24
18

203
199

-

4

43
36
7

36
35
1

35
35
3D

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

72
72

13
12

17
17

3
3

3
3

-

-

7
6

-

-

6
6

-

-

8
8

9

_

-

_

_

66
66

125
125

260
260

101
101

1818
1818

345
345

183
183

-

-

-

~

33
33

91

~

S

2 .5 0
Mean23 Median 2
5
4

Middle range2

$
3 .9 1
3 .8 8
4 .0 5

$
3 .8 6
3 .8 6
4 .0 5
A 1C

$
$
3 .8 2 - 3 .9 5
3 .8 2 - 3 .9 0
3 .7 6 - 4 .3 5

379
307
72

SH E E T - M E T A L WO RKERS, M A IN TE NA NC E —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------

148
127

3.88
3 .8 9

3 .8 6
3 .8 6

3 .8 1 3 .8 2 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 3

_
_

TOOL AND DIE M A KE RS ----------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

3 ,0 6 3
3 ,0 4 9

4 .C 9
A .08

4 .1 1
4 .1 1

4 .C 2 4 .C 2 -

4 .1 9
4 .1 8

_

1
2
3
4
5

3
5

~

—

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Excludes motion pictures.
See footnote 7, table 1.




5 .2 0

an d
2 .5 0 under

P L UM BE R? , MA I N T E N A N C E ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------u n 9 1UN r i r r1 UKCo 5
HU u n u n wt n n c *-

5

_

_
~

1
1
-

~

31
31

3 .4 0

2
2
-

1
1
-

10

10
10

77

16

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an area b a sis by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and A n ah eim —Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rch 1968)
G
Hourly earnings

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g !

$
$
$
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90
Mean3 Median3

Middle r n e $
ag3
1

3.18

$
1.75
3.27

1 .8 6

1 .6 8

$
1.653.101.64-

1,803

3.19

3.27

3.12- 3.36

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS - 13,987
MANUFACTURING ------------------ 4,786
NONMANUFACTURING --------------- 9,201
PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ------------322
WHOLESALE TRADE -------------342
RETAIL TRADE ----------------- 1,994
711
FINANCE5--------------------------------------------------5,546
286
nU llU M F i t i UK to "
••
—

2.37
2.64
2.23
2.85
2.27
2.27
2.07
2.16

2.33
2.65
2.25
2.78

2.132.412.Cl2.561.701.831.982.05-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

7,126
1,833
5,293

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ------------------

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

2 ,8 6 8

$
2 .2 0

2 .2 1

2.49
2 .1 0

2.25
O 70
t . OA

$
3.06
3.36
1.83

2.66
2.93
2.40
3.15
2.69
2.66
2.17
2.33

10

-

10

3256
3256

-

469
3
466
46

-

120

79

1 * “t o
1 70

1.96
2.13
2.96

2 .0 2 - 2.26
2.28- 2.93
.CO- 2 . 2 0
1.69- 2.14

2.15
2.96

2 .1 0 - 2 . 2 1
2.96- 2.96

-

-

70
29
41

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

7,398
2,746
4,652
2,053
1,836
759

3.15
2.76
3.37
3.66
3.21
2.99

3.31
2.70
3.56
3.74
3.29
3.39

2.682.293.253.723.112.54-

3.70
3.15
3.74
3.77
3.53
3.55

OROER FILLERS------------------ —
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------

5,140
721
4,419
2,580
1,557

3.06
2.61
3.13
3.14
3.08

3.24
2.56
3.28
3.24
3.35

2.652.272.812.912.49-

3.45
2.86
3.49
3.41
3.56

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------

787
308
479
463

2.77
2.72
2.80
2.82

2.93
2.69
3.00
3.01

2.382.502.342.34-

3.16
3.13
3.17
3.17

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

489
349

2.62
2.50

2.59
2.35

2.22- 2.97
2.19- 2.92

_

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

937
577
360
196
133

3.13
3.11
3.18
3.29
3.02

3.24
3.19
3.39

3.47
3.30
3.53
3.47
3.58

_

-

-

-

3.50

2.892.873.023.192.24-

750
480
270
179

3.19
3.03
3.47
3.35
3.70

3.25
3.15
3.55
3.29
3.58

2.862.723.253.213.53-

3.58
3.31
3.72
3.71
4.03

5 E R V IL E 5

W H O LESALE

------------------------------------------------

TRAD E

RETAIL TRADE

--------------- ----------------

---------------------------------------

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------- ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------See fo o tn o tes at end o f table,




77

3 .3 ^

452
16
436

716
45
671
234
-

683
65
618
39
131

6

2

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

31

98

6

6

25

92

6

6

376
59
317
4
61
125

767
205
562
1

201

141

56
56

93
28
65

92

81
18
63

12

18

28

849 2343 1739
124 376 288
725 1967 1451

822
472
350
37
15

-

1

39
61
263

104
12

2

17
32
34

5
6

33
15

20

17

84
33
51

43
19
24

29

19

97

649 1512
432 625
217 887
63
2
10
42
809
22
17

418
275
143
61
29
31
3

160
101

59

86

47
39

129
102

27

3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

172
74
98

204 1225
97 1 0 2 0
107 205

C2

65

94

383 1247
330 951
53 296
18
11
29
68
13

312
188
124
28

324
272
52
28
14

47

1

20

14
2

1020

174
76
98
59
12

8

13

-

-

/ 1U

2

1 • fil
1 V1

567
567

-

191
191
42
107

MOTION PICTURES7--------------------------------

n t t i vi
rn in r
. .
K b T A lL
jK A D fc ---- —----------- ----—" ------r IN A N L fc
—
------ —
--------- —---- ———

$
2 .2 0

7U-

2.15
2.60
2.13

2.17
2.55

$
2 .1 0

and

-60 under
1.70 1.80 1.90

354
2,514
139
418
1,845
69

2 .1 2

o f—

s
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

$
2 .0 0

o
o

Occupation 1 and industry division

N L
o
f
wres
okr

-

122

427

122

415

39
39

105

21

-

84
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

~
86

86

-

86

_
-

119
79
40
-

40
_
-

21

21

21
21

21
21

_

_

—

338

924

357
34
323

234
38
196

260

878

299

130
128

10

—

94
-

94
76
18
_
-

“

58
29
29
19
10

-

-

8

2

312
75
237
59
178

151
92
59
31
28

8

60
40

5
5
-

15
7

33
24

23

6

2

10

-

-

-

24
17

6

2

10

7

21

“

6

2

10

6

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27
27

“

106
104
2

2

111

62
49
16
33

19

“

40
38

60
56

57
53

7

9

-

2

19

7

7

1

—

21

7
-

3

2

82
62
82

21

2

1

20

12

■

~

62
43
19
4
15

374
249
125
-

7
2
5

_

8

5

3

~

146
119
27
-

12

390
232
158
4
129
25

43
4
39
25
14

334
149
185
181
4

334
62
272
169
94

140

35
33

71
70

12

2

1

1

-

112

11

21
21

3

4

13

24

10
-

13

-

-

-

~

”

~

~

~

“

-

1

20

8

-

17
16

66

6

-

5

“

45

-

118
113

-

6

-

22

7

15
7

-

6

6

20

~
12

21

48
45
3

-

5

19
19

“

17
3
3

188
119
69

2

3
3

-

-

-

-

2

69
359
251
108
82
25

91

118
59
59
32
27

274
51
223
209

187
16
171
106
65

15
15
-

11
101

35
66
66

30
30

114
114

46
45

58
49

1
1

9

“

68

23
5
4
14

64
—
64
64
-

11
6

14
14

-

-

-

-

15

-

-

-

12

~

~

”

63
63

15
15

21
6

3

—
-

43

—
“

—
—
-

“

”

7

_
-

—
-

—
—
—

-

—
-

-

-

-

-•
—

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

—

“

211

13
13
6

“

92 1458

~

18
18
-

21
21
-

-

-

_
~

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

978
47
931
511
420

43C
42
388
148
2 C0

34
78
78

91
52
39
37

t
-

56
-

”

~

-

90

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

~

“

48
47

-

-

-

-

-

-

92 1458
92 £ 8 8
340
112

65
46
19
19
“

48
48

43
43

21

241 1015 1106 2230
45 251
135 285
106 7 30 1061 1979
- 186
2
1833
93 458 6 8 8
146
84 371
13
-

~

49
36
13

211

1

“

231
180
51
23
4
24

~

~

10

7

14
14

36
24

9

“

484
480
4
4

37
29

138
138
138

19

12

“

40
40
-

20

936

43
19
24

194

348

-

-

-

12

eo

232

56
48

231
167
64
54
7

8

186
129
57
56

~

1

8

56

56

190
57
133
70
51

59
17
42

80
18
62
16
46

146
70
76
64

20
21

2

1

~

~

~

4

29

-

—
-

-

-

4
4

29

-

—

-

~

25

17

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e stra igh t-L im e n o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is by in d u stry d iv is io n ,
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B each and A n ah eim —Santa Ana— a rd en G r o v e , C a lif. , M a rch 1968)
G
Hourly earnings2

Occupation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

2.6 6

$
2.622.483.123.323.242.38-

$
3.45
3.18
3.57
3.58
3.56
2.97

3.59
3.57
3.59
3.74
3.46
3.59
3.13
3.68

3.71
3.62
3.73
3.78
3.62
3.78
3.21
3.65

3.523.453.583.733.413.712.953.65-

3.80
3.78
3.80
3.86
3.71
3.84
3.31
3.68

1,557
253
1,304
508
119

3.26
2.95
3.32

3.12
2.94
3.55
2.74
3.37

2.76.8 6 2.742.6C3.1C-

3.93
3.00
3.95
2.82
3.55

T R UC KD RI VE RS , MEDIUM (1-1/2 TC
AND IN CL UD IN G 4 TCNS) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------S E R V I C E S 6 ------------------------

5,174
1,427
3,747
1,733
1,254
404

3.48
3.47
3.49
3.51
3.12

3.62
3.51
3.66
3.74
3.62
3.21

3.333.323.343.713.512.95-

3.74
3.65
3.75
3.78
3.67
3.28

TRUC KO RI VE RS , HEAV Y (CVER 4 TCNS
TR AI LE R TYPE) --------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - --------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S --------------WH OL ES AL E TR AD E ---------------R E TA IL TRADE -------------------

5,405
947
4,458
2,150
1,165
1,143

3.75
3.67
3.77
3.76
3.72
3.82

3.78
3.65
3.79
3.79
3.74
3.80

3.713.533.733.743.623.75-

3.85
3.83
3.85
3.85
3.83
3.85

TR UC KD RI VE RS , HE AV Y (CVER 4 TCNS
OTHER TH AN T R AI LE R TYPE) ------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------WHOL ES AL E TRAD E ----------------

2,149
1 ,08G
1,069
806

3.66
3.77
3.56
3.50

3.69
3.75
3.66
3.62

3.633.663.563.52-

3.78
3.94
3.73
3.68

IRUCKERS, POWER (FCRKLI F T ) -------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NC N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RET A EL T R A D E -------------------

4,572
3,142
1,430
285
763
369

3.15
3.CO
3.49
3.63
3.37
3.61

3.23
3.03
3.61
3.74
3.40
3.66

2.822.723.3C3.7C3.233.62-

3.45
3.31
3.72
3.77
3.61
3.71

SKIP PI NG AND R E CE IV IN G CL ER KS ----M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE ------------------S E R V I C E S 6 ------------------------

1,315
729
586
242
243
7C

$
3.02
2.81
3.27
3.35
3.34
2.81

$
3.12
2.79
3.39
3.51
3.51

T R U C K D R I V F R S 8 -----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE ------------------S E R V I C E S 6 -----------------------MO TI ON P I C T U R E S 7 ----------------

15,099
4,144
10,955
4,716
3,741
1,575
523
394

TR UC KD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TCNS) ----------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------WHOL ES AL E TRAD E ---------------S E R V I C E S 6 ------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2.6 8

3.14

2.6 6

2

N u m b e r of workers
i
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.30
Under
and
$
1.60 under
1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 C 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.40

-

22
22

27
27

60
39

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

“

“

-

-

_

_

61

-

-

11

-

1

50
-

11
11

2

19
31

-

31
3
19

3
4

:

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

11

"

50
19
~

-

2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40

-

-

-

receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
~ r~
2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2C 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

-

11

-

60
30
30

84
84

59
51

-

8

-

-

-

-

8
22

32

25

12

6

4

19

8

~

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

61

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

~

”

~

-

-

-

17

65
65
-

117
93
24

38
15
23

21
10

-

-

22
2

-

-

2
10

10

24

-

9

-

8

83
53
30

264
40
224

175

317
30
287

203
67
136

-

-

1

6

103

101

120

64

253
32

92
16

1

175
-

10

20

198

17

7

1

-

2

28
19
9

17
-

5
4

85
85
84

63
63
63

178
177

17

1

~

~

6
6

5

179
40
139

112

38

2

10

2

-

-

10
10

2
2

-

3
3

~

~

~

-

-

6

112

32

-

-

-

19
~

38

-

~

10

1
1
1

264
159
105
3
94

194
59
135
13
74

8

8

11

37

146
-

~

20

-

65
61
4

402
168
234
27
53

-

29

~

31

119
49
70

175
111

64
53

14
5
9
9

53
11

42

2

68

50
9
41
5

~

12
22

180

245
152
93

22

10

170
18

-

-

-

85

20

144

~

58
36
4
-

15

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

1

2

_

_

_

1

1

_

3

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

“

“

~

“

~

“

76

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

1
1

267
113
154
71
81

204

2

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

21
21

-

73
73

82
82

95
95

184
121

63
57
-

-

-

-

-

6

354
351
3
-

30
15
15
-

-

-

13

55

787
277
51C
258
94
154

3

-

-

-

-

—

77
21

_

~

-

15
15

257
238
19

414
383
31
18
13
-

1C2
96

485
378
107

51 1 12C
25
878
26
242

21

-

21

80

-

6

26

213
4

786 23C3
229
471
315 2074
1281
766
252
61

-

“

~

253
29
224
152

160
160

-

-

-

“

*

90
33
57
53
4
“

90

443
439
4
4

458
280
178

670

-

222

-

129
319

-

173
5

8

-

168 1344
636
168 728
168
465

-

58
58

-

12

-

-

15

-

-

90

-

-

98

-

58

-

98

4

~

-

266
197
69
53
4

-

682 2372 2063
217 238
442
240 2155 1825
- 1051
959
548
281
238
556
2
585

-

-

590
590

87
5
82
78
4
~

-

3
3
“

-

25
13

“

35
7
28

20
20

6

25

11

56

-

19

108
43
65
35
18

919 1878 6629 3349
706
297 1091 1308
787 5321 2643
622
8 2549 1701
336
113 658 1779 285
5
4 619 657
167
116
374
-

76
76

-

12

192
79
113

771
101

3
3
-

4

-

4
4
-

-

_
-

-

90
-

90

_
-

102

_

17
85

-

-

76
-

-

18

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division,
Los Angeles— Long Beach and Anaheirr>-Santa Ana— G a r d e n Grove, Calif. , M a r c h 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t :- t im e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f —

H ourly earnings 1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

$
1 .6 0
M e an 34
8
7
6
5

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge3

U nder
$
'
1 .6 0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

ff 4 1
A1
462

$
3 .3 0
3 «0 7

$
3 *1 9
3 • 10

$
3 • C5 2 » 97~

S
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 -7 0

S
2 .8 0

$
i
3 .0 0
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 C

$

2 .9 0

3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . CO

3 .1 0

3 .4 C

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
3 *5 5

3 .6 7

Data limited to m e n workers except wh er e otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay fbr overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Excludes motion pictures.
See footnote 7, table 1.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




i

an d
under
1 .7 0

T R U C K E R S * PO W ER (O T H E R T H A N
F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------------------------------------u Akll rW l# l l n W u
rA N U iC AP TUIDI¥ Kir.
KtDKillA kittCrA flT1 UK T KIT ————— —————————
____ ________ ^
N L 'N r A M J A l l D 1M b

$

$
1 .7 0

24

17
[7

87

97

87

97

3 .2 0

147

77
77

176

84

176

• 84

2
2
19

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the woik. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

21

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com­
parable nature and difficulty. The woik typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, O X persons; or
C)
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

22

SECRETA RY—Continue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e.g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, etc. ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, O X persons.
C)
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e.g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multi pie-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. (’’Full” telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’'Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

23

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabula ting-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woric is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

24

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN—Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Woik

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

MA I N T E N A N C E AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of thfc maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




25

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers,- motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; makin^equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

26

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright* s woik normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves; Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

27

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

28

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK—Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving cleik
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (foiklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a ti n g d a t e s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u l l e ti n s i s
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
A rea

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

A k r o n , Ohio, J u l y 1 967 1____________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 ---------S
T
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1968 1 ________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
B
E
N.
F e b . 1967 ___________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1967 ---------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , O c t . 1 9 6 7 __________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1967 _
P
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1968 ----------------------------B o i s e C i ty , Ida h o, J u l y 1 9 6 7 ________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , S e p t . 1 9 6 7 1_________________________

1530-86,
1530-62,
1575-58,

25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1530-53,
1530-7 1,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1575-59,
1575-3,
1 575-1 3,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1967 ____________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1 9 6 8 __________________________
C a n t o n , Ohio, A p r . 1967 -------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1968 1---------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1968 1_________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , A u g . 1 9 6 7 ---------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 -----------------------------------C i n c i n n a t i , O hio— y . — n d . , M a r . 1968 1----------------K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O hio, S e p t . 19 6 7 --------------------------------C o l u m b u s , O h io, O c t. 1 9 6 7 ---------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________

1575-41,
1575-48,
1530-58,
1575-63,
1575-57,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1575-62,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
20
20
30
30
25
30
30
25
25
25

D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O c t. 1 9 6 7 ____________________________________________
D a y to n , Ohio, J a n . 1968 1 ------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1967 1-------------------------------- -—
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, F e b . 1968 1 ---------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h ., J a n . 1968 1 ---------------------------------F o r t W orth, T e x . , N o v . 19 6 7 ________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 6 7 _________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1967 --------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1967 -----------------------------------I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind., D e c . 1967 1------------------------------

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1968 1 ________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o.— a n s . , N ov. 1 967 1-------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — .H ., J u n e 1967 ------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1967---N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1968 -------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 --------------------------I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1967 __________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 1967-------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , J a n . 1 968 1-----------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1967 1____________________________
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1967 ------------------

Bu lletin num ber
and p r i c e

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1967 1___________________ ________
M in n eap olis—
St. P a u l , M in n ., J a n . 1 9 6 8 _______________
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h ., M a y 1968 1______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b , 1968 1_____________
New H a v e n , C o n n ., J a n . 1 968 1__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 8 ___________________________
New Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1967 1____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1967 1_____________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 19 6 7 __________________ ____

153 0 - 7 6 ,
1575-47,
15 7 5 - 6 0 ,
1575-54,
1 575-34,
1575-46,
153 0 - 8 3 ,

30
30
30
35
25
30
40

1530-82,
1575-4,

25 c e n ts
20 c e n ts

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t. 1 967 1________________________
P a t e r son— l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1967 ____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N ov. 1967 1____________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1968 1 ____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 ______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , Nov. 1 967 1------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . — a s h ., M a y 1 9 6 7 _____________________
W
P ro v id e n c e — aw tucket— arw ick, R .I.— a s s . ,
P
W
M
M ay 1968 * ______________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 967 1---------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1 967 1_______________________ ____ _
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1967 ________________________________

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1575-55,
1575-44,
1575-16,
153 0 - 7 9 ,

25
25
30
30
30
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-61,
1575-6,
1575-27,
1530-68,

30
25
25
20

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

25
30
25
30
35
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u i s , M o .—
111., J a n . 1968 __________________________
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U tah , D e c . 1967 ________________________
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , J u n e 1967 1 ______________ __________
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r side— n tario , C a lif.,
R
O
A u g . 1 967 1______________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 19 6 7 ____________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 8 _____________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 967 1-----------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 7 _______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 967 1----------------------------------------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., N ov. 1 967 1____________________
E

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 c e n ts
20 c e n t s
25 c e n ts

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
153 0 - 6 9 ,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30
20
25
25
20
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1575-49,
1575-33,
1575-30,
1530-77,
1575-2,

30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1575-64,
1575-50,
15 3 0 - 7 5 ,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
153 0 - 7 8 ,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t. 1 967 1________________________
South B e n d , In d., M a r . 1 968 1 __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , Ju n e 1967 1 ____________________________
T a m p a — t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1967 ______________
S
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , F e b . 19 6 8 _________________________
M
T r e n t o n , . N. J . , N ov. 1 967_______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . — d.— a . , S e p t . 1967________________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , A p r . 1968 1_________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 196 7 ______________________________
W ic h ita, K a n s . , D e c . 1967 ____________ __________________
Wore e s t e r , M a s s ., J u n e 1967 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1968 1---------------- -----------------------------Y ou n g stow n — a r r e n , O h io, Nov. 1 967 1________________
W

1575-17,
1575-56,
153 0 - 8 0 ,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1 575-1 1,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1575-31,
153 0 - 8 1 ,
1575-42,
1575-25,

25
30
25
25
30
20
25
30
20
20
25
30
25

c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts

1 Data on establishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102