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New England
J oh n F . K en n ed y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v ern m en t C en ter
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 0 22 03
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




M id -A tla n tic
34 1 N inth A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . ,
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450 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
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Area Wage Survey
The Newark and Jersey City, New Jersey,




Metropolitan Area
February 1968

Bulletin No. 1575-54
June 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 35 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
'rtie B u r e a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s, and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n fo r e a ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s a m on g a r e a s and in d u stry .d iv isio n s .
A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u al a rea b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r each a r e a studied. A ft e r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin s f o r a
rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lletin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data f o r each of the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lle tin .
The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ich h as b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in dividu al
m e t r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la t e to g e o g r a p h ic re g io n s and
the U nited S ta te s.

In trod u ction ____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

B.
E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed in the
program .
In e a c h a r e a , in fo r m a tio n on occu p a tio n a l e a r n ­
in g s is c o lle c t e d a n n u a lly and on esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u lts of the su rv ey in
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., in F e b r u a r y 1968. The
S tan dard M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s , as d efin ed b y the
B u r e a u o f the B u dget th rou g h A p r il 1967, c o n s is t of E s s e x ,
H u dson , M o r r is , and U n ion C ou n ties. T h is study w as c o n ­
d u cted in the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in New Y ork , N .Y .,
H e r b e r t B ie n s to c k , D ir e c t o r .
The study w as under the
g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r, A s sis ta n t R e ­
g io n a l D ir e c t o r o f O p e ra tio n s .




1
4

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su r v e y and
n u m ber stu d ied ________________________________
In dexes of stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ____________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s ;*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w om en __________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s — en and
m
w o m e n __________________________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d ___________________________________
A - 4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s ____________________
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s _____________
E sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r ie s f o r w om en o ffic e
w o r k e r s ________________________________________________________
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls ____________________________________________
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ___________________________________________________
B -5 . P a id v a c a t io n s _______________________ .__________________________
B -6 . H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s ______________
B -7 . P r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r tim e w o r k _____________________________

A p p en dix.

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t i o n s _______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s and su p ­
p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s in the N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity
a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le fo r m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te rs (A p r il
1966), and on e a rn in g s on ly f o r s e le c t e d fo o d s e r v ic e o c c u ­
p a tion s (F e b r u a r y 1968). Union s c a le s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e ­
v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r bu ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n ;
p rin tin g ; lo c a l-t r a n s it o p era tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k
d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llie d o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

3

4

6
11
12
13
15

17
18
19
20
21
24
25
26




Area W age Survey----The Newark and Jersey City, NJ., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U .S . D ep artm en t o f L a b o r ’ s
B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s c o n d u cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
sen ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in six b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s ex clu d e d fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th ey ten d to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t e m p loy m en t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu s io n .
S eparate tabu lation s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu b­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

a llo w a n ce s and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a re in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the
stan dard w ork w eek (rou n ded to The, n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
ings fo r th ese o ccu p a tio n s have b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u strie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in p a y le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, thus, c on trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay r e la tio n s h ip obtain a ble fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age sp re a d o r d iffe r e n tia l m a in ta in ed am on g jo b s in
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v era g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y trea tm en t o f the se x e s
w ithin in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w hich m ay
con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in pa y fo r m en and w o m e n in clu d e: D iffe r ­
e n ce s in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , sin c e only the
actu al ra te s p a id in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d a p p ro p r ia te ly
w ithin the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
than th ose u sed in in div idu al e sta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in or
d iffe r e n c e s am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is studied.
In c o m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied a re p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la tin g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grou pin g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in g s

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
all e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e ca u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t o b ­
tain ed fr o m the sa m p le of e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in dicate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in
o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
e a rn in g s data.

The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p es: (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earn in g s data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E arn in gs data fo r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is too sm a ll to p ro v id e enough
data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who a re u tilized
as a sep a ra te w o rk f o r c e a re e x clu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include
w ork in g fo r e m e n and all n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
" O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu de w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c le r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en are
e x clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed in n onm an ufacturin g
in d u s t r ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and earn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iven o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u s e o f the op tim u m
sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u s e d , and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l en tra n ce r a te s fo r w o r k e r s
ab ov e the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the ta ble is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f p o li c ie s i n m ed iu m and la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (table B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f tota l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s of
w o r k e r s a ctu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap p lyin g to a m a jo r it y w as u s e d o r , if no am ount a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed . In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e
la t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s.
T h e sc h e d u le d w e e k ly h ou rs (table B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as ap plying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e s ta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h ou rs a r e th ose w h ich fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e cte d to
w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e pa id fo r at s t r a ig h t -tim e or o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s ; and p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e w o rk (ta b les B -4 th rou gh B -7 )
a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll
plant o r o ffic e ,w o r k e r s if a m a jo r it y o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le or
m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sum s o f in div idu al
ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rough B -7 m a y not equ al to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
rou n d in g.
D ata on p a id h o lid a y s (table B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
days g ra n ted an n ually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) have b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m .
H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n ted a re in clu d e d ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff.
The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n um ber o f w h ole and h alf
h o lid a y s a ctu a lly gra n ted . The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to show tota l h o lid a y t im e .

Data on health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans (ta ble B -6 ) in ­
clud e th ose plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pa ys at le a s t a p a rt o f the
c o s t. Such plans in clude th ose u n d e r w ritte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce
com p a n y and th ose p r o v id e d th rou g h a u nion fund or p a id d ir e c t ly by
•the e m p lo y e r out of c u r re n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set a s id e
fo r this p u rp o s e .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to have a plan
if the m a jo r ity of e m p lo y e e s w e r e e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d u nder the
pla n , ev en if le s s than a m a jo r it y e le c t e d to p a r t ic ip a te b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e re r e q u ir e d to con trib u te to w a rd the c o s t o f the pla n . L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type of
in su ra n ce under w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a sh p a y m en ts a r e m a de d ir e c t ly
to the in su re d on a w e e k ly or m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s or a c c id e n t
d is a b ility .
In form a tion is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u te s. H o w e v e r , in New Y o r k and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a re in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k lea v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay or a p r o p o r t io n of the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u s e of illn e s s .
Sep arate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith er p a rtia l pay o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p re se n ta tio n of the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
total is shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r or both ty p es o f b e n e fits .

C atastroph e in su r a n ce , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in su r a n ce , in clu d es th ose pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in ca se o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r -com plete...or jp a rtia l
paym en t of d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Such p la n s m a y be u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce co m p a n ie s or n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s or th ey m a y
be paid for by the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund set a s id e fo r th is p u rp o s e .
T abu lations of r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th o se plans
that p ro v id e r e g u la r paym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .

The s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten ded as a
m e a s u r e of the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c if i c b e n e ­
fit s . P r o v is io n s o f an e sta b lis h m e n t fo r a ll len gths o f s e r v ic e w e r e
tabu la ted as ap plyin g to a ll plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s o f len gth o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r pa ym en t on
oth er than a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a paym en t o f 2 p e r c e n t of annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
alent o f 1 w e e k 's pay. E s tim a te s ex clu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and
th o se w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l" b en e fits b ey on d b a s ic
p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lifyin g len gths o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch
e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .

Data on o v e rtim e p r e m iu m pay (ta ble B - 7 ) , the h o u rs a fter
w h ich p r e m iu m pay is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g ra te o f p a y, a re
p r e s e n te d b y d a ily and w e e k ly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
w o rk in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f h ou rs a day r e g a r d le s s o f
the num ber of h ou rs w o rk e d on oth er days o f the pay p e r io d . W eek ly
o v e r tim e r e fe r s to w o rk in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f h ou rs
p er w eek r e g a r d le s s of the day on w h ich it is p e r fo r m e d , the n u m ber
o f h ou rs p er day, or n um ber o f days w o rk e d .

1 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y an d N u m b e r S t u d ie d in N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , 1 b y M a j o r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1968
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y

W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ied
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s _______________________________

___

M a n u fa c t u r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5_________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e __________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e ________________________________________
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ________
S e r v i c e s 7__________________________________________

_

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

1 ,2 6 3

285

4 4 8 ,3 0 0

100

2 7 3 ,8 0 0

8 8 ,0 0 0

2 4 3 ,4 4 0

100
-

611
652

124
161

2 4 6 ,8 0 0
2 0 1 ,5 0 0

55
45

1 7 4 ,5 0 0
9 9 ,3 0 0

3 4 ,8 0 0
5 3 ,2 0 0

1 1 8 ,3 1 0
1 2 5 ,1 3 0

100
50
100
50
50

90
202
77
105
178

27
36
25
30
43

5 7 ,2 0 0
3 0 ,2 0 0
3 8 ,7 0 0
3 8 ,2 0 0
3 7 ,2 0 0

13
7
9
8
8

3 3 ,5 0 0
1 6 ,5 0 0
3 0 ,8 0 0
6300
1 8 ,2 0 0

1 0 ,1 0 0
7 ,7 0 0
3 ,8 0 0
2 6 ,0 0 0
5 ,6 0 0

4 3 ,0 1 0
9 ,4 6 0
2 6 ,5 7 0
2 4 ,0 4 0
2 2 ,0 5 0

1 T h e N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 7 , c o n s i s t o f E s s e x , H u d s o n , M o r r i s , an d U n ion C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s
a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fi n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 E s t i m a t e r e l a t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b l is h m e n t s o n ly .
W o r k e r s f r o m th e e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in " a l l
in d u s t r y " e s t i m a t e s in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r o n e - h a l f o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y
C ity a r e a s w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o l lo w i n g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g ;
In d u s t r y g r o u p s
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l ie s ___________________________ 23
C h e m i c a ls a n d a l l i e d p rod u cts — 14
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____ 10
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __ 9
F a b rica te d m e ta l p ro d u cts _
6
6
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______
A p p a r e l and o t h e r t e x t il e
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 5
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______
5

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s
C o m m u n i c a t io n e q u ip m e n t _______
D r u g s _________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c c o m p o n e n t s and
a c c e s s o r i e s _______________________
E l e c t r i c lig h t in g a n d
w ir in g e q u ip m e n t _
M o t o r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t __

8
6
5
4
4

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p il e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a r e a s u r v e y con d u cted
b etw een July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the in dex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch an ge in w a g e s fr o m the b a s e p e r io d to the
date o f the in d ex .
T he p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w ag e ch a n g es b etw een the in d ic a te d d a te s .
T h e s e e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f change in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
M eth od o f C om putin g

in the o ccu p a tio n a l g rou p . T h e s e co n s ta n t w e ig h ts r e f le c t b a s e y e a r
e m p loy m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) e a r n in g s f o r
ea ch o c cu p a tio n w e re m u ltip lie d by the o c c u p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p r o d u c ts fo r a ll o c cu p a tio n s in the g ro u p w e r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a te fo r
the la te r y e a r b y the a g g re g a te f o r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The re su lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e. T he in d e x
is the p r o d u ct o f m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la t iv e
f o r the next s u c ce e d in g y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d )
each y e a r 's r e la tiv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s
f o r the fo llo w in g o c cu p a tio n s w e r e u s e d in com p u tin g the w ag e tr e n d s :

E a ch o f the s e le c t e d k ey o c cu p a tio n s w ith in an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p w as a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m p lo y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

O ffice clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Newark and Jersey City, N.J. ,
February 1968 and February 1967 , and Percents of Increase for Selected Periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
February 1968

February 1967

Percents of increase
February 1967
to
February 1968

February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

February 1960
to
February 1961

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )-----Industrial nurses (men and w om en )---Skilled maintenance (m en)----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

126.2
133.0
126.6
121.0

120.6
128.3
120.2
115.7

4 .7
3 .7
5.3
4. 5

3 .8
4. 3
3 .6
1.7

3.3
4.9
3. 1
.7

2.8
3.2
2.6
3 .7

1.8
2 .8
3 .7
2 .8

3. 1
6 .0
3. 1
4 .0

4. 2
4 .2
2 .6
1.9

2 .8
3 .8
3 .4
4 .2

Manuf acturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )-----Industrial nurses (men and w om en )---Skilled maintenance (m en)----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

126.4
131.8
125.6
119.8

121.6
127.6
119.0
115.5

3 .9
3. 3
5 .5
3.8

3 .8
3.8
3.6
1.9

4. 3
5.8
2. 5
1. 6

2.9
2.8
2 .4
2 .7

2 .3
1.9
4 .0
3 .6

3 .0
7 .0
2 .9
3. 3

3 .5
3 .6
2 .3
1.6

2 .8
4 .3
3 .5
4 .4




5
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s r e la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w ork w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e of ea r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o rk e r g ro u p s , they
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts. The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tion s and in clu d e m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im portan t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g rou p .

Changes in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es. It is co n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w a g es m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g esta b lish m en ts
e n te re d the a r e a or expan ded th eir w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con stan t, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m en ts
en tered the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of D ata
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced by:
(l) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age ch a n g e s, (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n ges in a v era g e
w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lish m en ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




The u se of cc#\stant em p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
ch a n ges in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , or b y p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change any sig n ifica n t e ffe c t ca u sed
b y changes in the sc o p e o f the su rv e y .

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
{standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$

$

$

$

of

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

1 15

120

1 30

140

1 50

1 60

1 70

180

55

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

1 30

140

150

1 60

170

180

over

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

2
2

4
4

2
2

10
8
2

1
1

25
10
15
5

28
20
8
6

41
26
15
8

50
29
21
4

48
27
21
7

38
20
18
1

39
35
4
3

13
7
6
1

6
2
4

4
—
4
~

~

_
-

_
“

1
1

_
-

15
15

3
3

6
l
5

34
5
29

19
11
8

11
8
3

18
6
12

25
5
20

22
20
2

5
5

33
33

_
“

_
-

-

-

9
2
7

-

_
“

2
2
-

-

26
2
24
24

14
14
14

28
14
14
14

23
23
21

13
13
13

15
8
7
7

15
15
15

39
25
14
14

62
27
35
34

36
36
36

8
6
2
2

4
4
4

8
6
2
2

-

12

3

16

9

13

9

-

1

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

50
M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range2

and
u n d er

and

MEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------

315
184
1 31
35

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

$
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

$
$
$
1 1 9 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 1 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0 1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

201
63
1 38

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

_
-

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

296
90
206
203

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

_
-

-

1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6
6
6
~

9
3
6

37
3
34

89
27
62
7
31
24

PAYROLL ----------------------------------------

64

3 8 .5

1 2 3 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

540
180
360
75
106
110
67

3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

7 5 -0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 8 . CO
7 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

183
1 00
83
71

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 3 3 . CO
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0

TA8ULATING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE4 ----------------------------------------------

220
107
113
76

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 6 . CO 8 4 . 0 0 - 1 0 3 . 0 0

TABULAT ING-NACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

1 12
85

3 7 .5
3 6 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

230
123
107
42
58

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

9 0 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

CLERKS,

8 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

-

-

6
-

10
21
3

-

-

-

143
28
115
14
43
34
23

102
50
52
23
14
8
7

-

-

-

1

43
15
28
8
11
7
2

56
25
31
9
15
1
5

26
21
5
-

10
2
8
2
6

-

2
3

9 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

1
1
-

8
7
1

-

-

-

-

3
3
3

-

1

-

-

_

-

_

-

~

13
8
5
5

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 4 8 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 -

10
6
4
4
-

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

14
6
8
8

15
14
1
1

6
4
2
2

51
11
40
33

21
18
3
2

26
21
5
3

21
13
8
8

6
4
2
1

_
“

—

5
3
2
~

3
1
2
~

2
1
1
~

2
2
-

_
—

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
7

7
7
7

7
7
7

14
5
9
7

14
3
11
fi

43
14
29
16

28
18
10
9

27
15
12
11

25
15
10
3

16
13
3

~

~
_

_
-

9
1
8
8

~

20
17
3
1

9
9

27
27

9
8

22
21

7
3

14
8

4
3

11
2

_

5
3

2

2

4

40
36
4
1
3

23
12
11
1
10

40
19
21
16
2

20
19
1
1

32
17
15
15

2
2
-

29
4
25
25

12

1
1

~

1

WOMEN

B ILLE RS, MACHINE (B ILLIN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----WHOLESALE TRADE ---------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




8 6 .5 0
8 3 . CO
9 4 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

4
1

2

2

-

-

2
1

2
2

-

12
1
11

17
11
6
2
4

4

7
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations— Men and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ;, F e b r u a r y 1968)
Weekly earning, 1
(standard)
'lumber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

Average
weekly

( standard)

t
50

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of$
%
$
.t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
80
100
90
95
75
85
105
110
115
120
130
140
150
160
1 70
180

55

60

65

70

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

4

38
23
15
15

35
7
28
2

20
2
18
2

25
2
23
8

13
1
12
3

32
1
31
14

26
13
13
1

29
14
15
2

19
15
4
1

_

25
25

1
1

2

6

14
1
13
~

37
12
25
16

33
28
5

~

9
9
~

14
3
11
7

33
15
18
18

11
3
8
~

37
12
25
5
12

49
21
28
6
12

34
16
18
2
5

41
15
26
7
11

29
10
19
10
3

66
44
22
14
8

12
8
4

32
26
6

l

_

1

-

and
u n d er
55

1 30

140

150

160

and

170

180

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
—

WOMEN - C O N T I N U E O
BILLERS, MACHINE (B OO KK EE PI NG
MACHINE) -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------RE TA IL TRADE --------------

267
104
163
52

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
8 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

$
8 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

$
$
6 8 .5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
6 7 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
6 9 . 0 0 - 8 8 .5 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPER AT OR S,
CL AS S A ------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------WH OL ES AL E TR A D E -----------

174
65
1 09
50

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
C L AS S B ------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------RE TA IL TRADE -------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------

384
1 68
216
53
80

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0

CL ERKS, ACCOUN TI NG , CLAS S A
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------WH OLESALE T R AD E -------F I N A N C E 4-----------------SERV IC ES -----------------

621
363
258
74
98
63

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

1 ,3 8 6
428
958
328
150
159
2 21
100

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

CL ERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TR A D E RE TA IL TRADE ---F I N A N C E 4---------SE RV IC ES ---------

1 1 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 3 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 . 5 0
9 3 . CO 8 5 . 5 0 - 1 0 4 . 5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 6 . 5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 1 . 5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 8 . 0 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 8 8 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CL A S S A
NONMANUFACTURING —
F I N A N C E 4-----------

212
173
110

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

8 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 -

9 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

CL ER KS , FILE, C L A S S B
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G
FINANCE 4-------SE RVICES -------

606
149
457
320
58

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, C L A S S C
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----NONMANUFACTURING —
F I N A N C E 4-----------

776
1 45
631
466

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

7 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---NONMANUFACTURING WH OLESALE TRAD E
RETAIL TRADE ---

598
226
372
3 20
50

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




-

-

“

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

“

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

~
6

_

‘

-

-

-

_

2
—
2

6
1
5
5

—
_

2
2
-

-

_

_

-

—

~

~

5

_

_

_

_

12

5

-

-

-

-

73
56
17
7
1
2

50
39
11
1
4

31
26
5
l
4

14
9
5
5

7
3
4
4
“

1
1
1

20
5
15
6
3
4
2
“

68
15
53
47
3
3
-

24
9
15
14
1
-

18
18
16
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

5
“

12
4

9
8
1

1
l
~

2
1

1
1
~

_

-

-

-

“

-

4
2
2
2

14
3
11
11

4
2
2
2

9
5
4
4

-

~

-

-

2

10

8

-

-

-

-

2
2
-

10
10
-

8
2
6
-

13
7
6
1
5
“

21
4
17
2
13
“

88
57
31
23
4

55
28
27
7
5
13

52
29
23
11
11
1

56
20
36
15
7
12

75
39
36
16
12
8

62
46
16
7
2
7

94
13
81
43

142
19
123
35
18
19
37
14

186
63
123
47
6
10
44
16

246
88
1 58
15
22
29
47
45

138
58
80
14
21
10
35
-

121
50
71
31
23
14
3

94
38
56
16
28
5
5
2

29
19
10
3

29
9
“

1 24
14
110
39
11
29
25
6

2
3
2

65
37
28
2
15
2
8
1

13
13
13

24
23
23

30
30
30

42
39
25

26
25
10

19
9
6

12
11

5
4
2

11
4
-

155
25
130
96
17

115
24
91
59
7

54
25
29
17
10

50
29
21
14
5

54
13
41
17

17
13
4
4

18
6
12
5
3

2
1
1

-

-

-

17
17

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

“

14

_

_

_

“

-

_

6
4

_

6
3
3

-

_

2

-

42
8
34
4
22

-

-

-

18
8
10
2
4

-

-

_

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

*

-

139
11
1 28
112
12

-

2
2
-

101
22
79
50

304
43
2 61
219

1 74
30
144
89

119
38
81
60

50
7
43
41

14
5
9
7

-

-

-

-

-

50
13
37
29
8

98
52
46
37
9

51
8
43
39
4

63
8
55
49
6

50
20
30
22
8

44
32
12
11
1

76
24
52
47
5

65
40
25
22
3

31
9
22
20

-

3
1
2

12

37
8
29
27
2

-

-

-

3
-

12

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

-

2
2

-

2
2

-

12

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
Ta b le A -l. Office Occupations— Men and W om en — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g st r a ig h t -t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

$
50

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

S

S

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

1 05

$
110

1 15

1 20

130

140

1 50

160

170

1 ----180

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

1 05

110

115

1 20

130

140

150

160

170

180

over

8
2
6
2
-

77
45
32
3
14
12

30
22
8
3
2
1

30
16
14
2
1
7

48
25
23
14
6

87
63
24
2
13
4

35
7
28
4
12
11

112
72
40
l
21
4

38
31
7
3
2

61
52
9
1
2
3

58
53
5
-

51
49
2
-

20
13
7
2
1
2

13
12
1
1
~

10
7
3
1
-

4
4
4
-

-

4
4
—
-

7
7
3

33
7
26
15
10

15
4
11
2
6

40
13
27
14
6

84
35
49
31

63
32
31
14
7

50
27
23
18

48
6
42
16
16

49
36
13
—
6

40
13
27
6
9

22
5
17
14

42
30
12
11

_
-

—
-

—
—

8
8
8
-

14
14
13

36

2 36
171
65

1 27
52
75
15
40
12

55
31
24
6
15
2

23
17
5

8
2
6
6
-

24

33
13

157
104
53
2
31
5

19
14
5
3
-

~

152
71
81
2
38
39

67

32
29
*

52
15
37
23
7

162
42
120
24
17
9
60

140
27
113
10
12

141
67
74
21
13
3
37

105
36
69
30
29
2
8

86
29
57
24
21
4
8

27
17
10
1
4

18
4
14
4
5

40
2
38
29
2

66

147
68
79
11
22
15
27

t

$

$

$

i

$

i

$

and
u n d er
55

and

WOME N - CONT IN UE D
$
$
1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

$
$
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

9 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

9 4 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 6 . 5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

1 ,1 4 6
331
815
231
136
57
363

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------SERVICES -------------------------

268
58
210
102

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 5--------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

5 ,5 0 0
3 ,0 3 5
2 ,4 6 5
366
342
150
860
747

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

116.50 1 1 4 . 5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CL AS S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

314
152
1 62

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 2 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0 1 2 5 .5 0 - 1 5 1 .0 0
1 3 5 . CO 1 2 7 . 0 0 - 1 4 8 . 5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------- * -----*
RE TA IL T R A D E --------------- ---F I N A N C E 4- ------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,1 1 2
513
599
88
124
53
252
82

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------

686
473
213
26
83
52

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

507
210
297
74
145

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------F I N A N C E 4- ------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

958
515
44 3
75
235
78

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




—
-

-

—
-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3
3

_

_

_

—
—
-

-

-

7 5 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 6 .5 0

—
-

21
21
21

11
7
4
1
3

89
12
77
19
2

56

1 50
13
137
58
10
10
59

5

5

6 7 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

_
-

5

25
7
18

75
15
60
-

49
8
41
33

46
15
31
28

52
6
46
37

7
1
6
1

2
1
1
1

3
3
-

2
1
1

-

2
1

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

-

16
16
2
8
6
-

11
11
3
8
“

26
12
14
1
2
9
2

90
45
45
2
2
2
27
12

25 3
80
173
4
1

331
160
171
17
30
17
85
22

416
206
210
22

571
388
1 83
32
21
7
78
45

586
340
246
38
31
8
87
82

4
4

-

-

~

13
9
4

5
-

1
-

5

1

37
11
26
-

21
8
13

1
23
2

1
4
4

61
22
39
5
11
2
17
4

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 7 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

-

5
“

-

_
-

_

2

_

_

—
-

-

-

-

-

“

_

4

4

“

ll

-

_
-

_

-

3
3
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

5
123
40

4

4

55
12
81
40

-

5
2
3
3
“

“

20
20
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

_
—
-

-

5
4
l
-

3
2
1
1

1
1
-

-

-

_
—
—
-

-

7

1

“

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

—

—

4 91
2 79
212
26
20
16
98
52

519
318
201
15
17
14
47
108

8 01
472
329
70
39
29
101
90

654
357
297
56
34
17
78
112

299
207
92
34
10
6
10
32

202
90
1 12
12
26
3
12
59

1 10
52
58
26
8
1

44

6
—

6
1

4
4

-

_

-

18

89
17
72
3
44
5
20

23
9
1
13

5

35

12

13
11
2

13
—
13

4
4

2
1
1

94
48
46

47
21
26

33
27
6

42
16
26

24
13
11

6
1
5

13
5
8

83
47
36
11

61
15
46
1
13
3
19
10

137
74
63
12
6
7
25
13

84
36
48
2
6
9
23
8

160
94
66

196
69
127
25
24
7
62
9

91
62
29
13
—
3
10
3

66
42
24

48
22
26
15
2
1
2
6

54
4
50
37
3
10

10
7
3
1
1
1

5
18
2

5
4
11
38
8

5
9
3

5
2

9
Table A -l. O ffice Occupations— Men and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
weekly
hours1
[
standard)

50
M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$
55

$
6C

$

%

65

70

$

$
75

80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$

$
105

no

$
115

$
120

$

$
130

140

$
150

$
160

i
170

and
under
55

180
and

60

180 over

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

7

9

-

-

9

15
8
7

-

-

22
8
14
2

40
3
37
4
-

2
10

2
24
7

2
46
4

155
60
95
12
3
9
65
6

177
86
91
13
6
5
21
46

239
135
104
42
11
2
38
11

263
195
68
30
3
6

125
71
54
19
10
1

23
9
14
7
6

22
12
10
1
7

1
6

149
60
89
34
5
3
43
4

75
21
54
6
13

2
7

94
18
76
7
11
8
49
1

136
62
74
22

-

132
39
93
3
16
13
60
1

-

-

-

-

27

24

35

1

2

213
122
91
10
30
15
34

289
218
71
10
10
14
37

321
225
96
3
13
22
58

172
122
50
2
11
4
33

226
166
60

257
149
108
23
2
18
65

100
44
56

25
25

1
4
51

_
-

105
56
49
24

57
21
36
19
5

14
5
9
2

2

_

65

70

-

7
-

WGMEN - -CONTINUED
SECRETARIES5 - CONTINUED
SE CR ETARIES* CL AS S C -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOL ES AL E TRAD E ----------------R E T A I L TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------S E R V IC ES -------------------------

1,692
787
905
202
92
59
374
178

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.0
38.5
38.5
36.5
38.5

$
118.50
122.00
115.50
122.00
126.00
102.00
103.00
134.00

$
117.50
123.50
112.50
121.50
126.50
99.50
103.00
133.50

SECRET AR IE S, C L AS S D -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------- ---------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- J
---------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WHOL ES AL E TRAD E ---------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SERV IC ES -------------------------

2,056
1,292
764
58
87
192
418

38.0
38.0
37.5
38.5
38.5
36.0
38.0

107.50
108.00
107.50
109.50
101.00
96.50
114.00

106.50 97 .5 0- 11 8. 00
107.00 99.5 0- 11 7. 00
105.50 93.50- 12 0. 00
105.00 97.5 0- 12 6. 00
100.00 96 .0 0- 10 9. 00
91.00 87.0 0- 10 5. 50
113.00 101.00-123.50

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GE N E R A L -------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------S E RV IC ES -------------------------

1,782
756
1,026
277
133
381
220

38.0 92.50
39.0 96.00
90.00
37.5
36.5
91.00
39.5
93.50
36.5 82.50
38.5 100.00

STENOG RA PH ER S, SE NI OR --------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SE RV IC ES -------------------------

925
402
523
66
216
138

SW IT C H B O A R D OP ER AT OR S, CLAS S A ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

96
65

S W I T C H B O A R D OPERATORS, CLAS S B ---M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RE T A I L TRADE -------------------F I NA NC E4 --------------------------

384
85
299
76
73
88

38.5
91.00 91.50 77 .0 0- 10 6. 50
96.50 9 0 . 0 0- 10 6. 00
38.5 97.00
87.00 75 .0 0- 10 6. 50
38.5 89.00
39.5 113.50 113.50 110.00-117.50
38.0 75.00
77.00 66 .5 0- 82.00
83.00 77.00- 97.00
36.5
85.50

6
6
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ----------------S E RV IC ES -------------------------

782
445
337
78
166
62

38.5
38.5
38.5
39.0
38.5
37.5

_

TA BU L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERAT OR S,
C L AS S A -------------------------------

64

TR A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OP ER AT OR S,
G E NE RA L ------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

382
131
251
185

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




38.0
39.0
37.5
39.0
36.5
39.0

104.00
107.00
102.00
108.00
92.00
110.50

38.0 100.50
38.5 100.00

91.00
90.00
92.00
94.50
94.50
87.00

92.00
95.50
88.50
88.50
92.50
81.50
99.00

$
$
104.00-133.50
110.00-135.00
99.0 0- 12 8. 50
107.00-136.50
98.00- 15 6. 50
9 2 .0 0- 11 5. 00
93.5 0- 11 2. 50
117.50-151.00

83.0 0- 10 2. 00
88.00- 10 4. 50
79 .0 0- 10 0. 50
76.0 0- 10 3. 50
83.5 0- 10 4. 00
75.50- 90.00
89.5 0- 11 2. 50

106.00 95.0 0- 11 2. 50
107.50 101.00-112.50
101.50 9 1 .5 0- 11 2. 00
111.00 104.00-113.50
92.50 84 .0 0-101.00
108.00 9 8 .0 0- 12 6. 50
98.50
98.00

92.00
90.50
93.50
93.00
96.00
92.00

9 0 .5 0- 11 0. 50
9 2 . 0 0- 10 9. 50

84.50- 99.00
84.00- 97.00
86.50- 10 1. 50
88.0 0- 10 8. 00
90.0 0- 10 3. 00
82.00- 97.00

38.5 113.00 11 2 . CO 107.50-118.50
37.5
38.5
36.5
36.5

86.50
91.50
83.50
82.50

84.50
90.00
81.50
82.00

78.50- 95.00
83.50- 10 1. 50
76.00- 90.00
76.00- 88.50

—
-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
3
“

-

-

1
3
2

2
17
12

1
72
31

164
23
141
34
17
85
1

213
80
133
22
24
59
27

259
131
128
27
14
56
31

240
126
114
22
25
47
20

220
126
94
22
4
25
41

193
88
105
26
22
16
34

74
41
33
12
21

86
53
33
4

-

7
22

25

11

7

1

13
13

40
7
33
-

96
28
68
5
31
20

199
145
54
7
19
7

138
66
72
37
8
15

80
46
34
1
1
10

16
5
11
1

33

105
51
54
4
20
27

44
15
29
2

13
“

108
26
82
6
57
8

11
3
8

-

50
10
40
1
19
10

-

-

-

-

-

25

9

5

2

-

-

2
2

1

6
5

14
5

13
11

19
17

9
6

8
4

7
6

5
3

9
4

1

2
2

_

_

_

_

~

-

38
4
34

45
5
40

-

-

-

32
13
19
1
2
15

35
4
31
29

27
3
24
21

7
4
3
3

3
1
2
2

2
2
2

25
14

43
17
26
3
7
5

29
11
18
11

2
16

25
10
15
2
4
3

25
10
15
1

9
1

34
3
31
1
8
22

_

13

-

-

-

-

—

1

3

47
26
21

27
13
14

122
91
31

71
27

51
18

32
24

44

33

-

12

39

31

-

~

4

17

27
12

5
28

8
8

11
1
10

7

181
95
86
23

112
65
47

4
9

117
81
36
15
14
7

4

1

2

20

15

30
10
20
12

30

32

15
15

23
9

7
5

9

7

21
7
14
5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

3

3

-

2

2

-

-

25

-

-

3

3

-

-

25
11

3

3

-

14

66
17

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

_

”

-

-

“

12

13

12

8
8
4

-

-

_

_

7

-

-

-

-

“

-

12
-

-

124
6
118
52

-

_

-

9

-

2

-

_

172
112
60
10
10
20
17

-

-

-

68
37
31

-

-

?

9
_

11
4
7

-

-

-

-

-

9
-

-

-

-

17
2
15
“

-

7

-

-

-

6

8

~

5

162
57
105

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

6
6

42
2

40
34

73
4
69
43

76
40
36
28

61
21
40
39

7

8

-

-

5
2
53

-

9

1

-

-

-

—

-

2
-

1
-

4
4

-

-

-

_

12
5
7

7

3

-

-

_
_

—

-

-

-

8

7

7

3

_

_

-

-

7
-

-

—
—

-

-

-

8
-

8
—

_
-

_
—
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

14
6
8

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

1

2

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

2

2

10
3
3

-

10
Ta b le A -l. O ffice Occupations— Men and W o m e n — Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s ofS

$
50
M ean 1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
55

60

$

$

t

65

70

$

$
75

80

$

85

$

$

90

95

$

$
100

1 05

$

$

no

115

$

$
120

130

$
140

$

$

$

150

1 60

170

and
u n d er
55

1 80
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

_____i s

143
89
54
9
30
14

2 59
180
79

289
139
1 50
49
28

143
68
75
49
5
19
2

.

100

105

no

115

120

1 30

140

119
71
48
17
19
12

155
80
75
26
9
38

92
43
49
29

13
10
3

5
1
4
3

12
7
5

2

2

2

1
2

1

81
49
32
15
11

70
38
32
23
-

4

9

150

160

1 70

180

over

1
1
—
_

—
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

WOMEN - C O N T I N U E D
TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------------------- --5
SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 5 3
572
681
88
400
144

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

$
8 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

$
9 0 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------WH OLESALE TRADE -----------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ____— _____
________
____
SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

2 ,5 4 4
848
1 ,6 9 6
243
157
1 ,0 9 4
138

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

7 8 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

$
$
8 1 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 7 5 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 -

8 5 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

-

-

-

13

-

-

13

-

-

12

-

“

-

3

37
37
4

-

-

3
-

-

33

141
-

141
12
1 29

-

428
49
379
17
15
318

116
1
1 15
-

155
42
113
-

165
45
120
-

1 09
“

103
4

95
13

4 51
125
326
25
8
245
24

389
145
244
14
21
173

448
188
260
51
39
1 24
41

33

24

-

22
37

5

3

—

_
_

-

19

3

1

57
46
11

_

1

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

3

-

3

1

1

-

_

_

-

10

-

-

2

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

“

1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a ch j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
the ra te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




11
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations— Men and W o m e n
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Weekly amings1
(standard)
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s i
of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
70

Mean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
75

$
80

90

$

it

it

i
1

85

95

100

$
1 05

i

110

$

%

1 15

1 20

$
1 25

$
130

$

$
150

1 40

$
160

*
1 70

t
1 80

$
190

i

200

and
und er

210
and

75

80

-

-

85

90

-

-

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

1 25

130

140

1 50

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

1
1

39
12
27

1 11
57
54

181
161
20

1 49
100
49

43
31
12

37
19
18

53
35
18

40
17
23

38
26
12
-

22
22
-

46
40
6
-

146
78
68
-

160
1 28
32
-

1 19
69
50
5

147
53
94
34

101
57
44
9

30
24
6
6

29
19
10
10

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

658
437
221

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

$
$
1 7 3 .0 0 1 6 9 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0 1 6 8 . 5 0
1 7 4 .5 0 1 7 4 . 0 0

$
$
1 6 0 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .5 0 -1 7 9 .5 0
1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

853
519
334
64

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 3 .0 0
1 7 1 .5 0

1 5 0 . CO
1 4 4 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0 -1 6 7 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3----------------------------

678
427

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

32

3 7 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

nPAPT^MFN Tf* A v c. R o•
U ISA r 1 5 I* C »x 1 l\ AT l «

1 28

* r lU n i u u
P lA n U r AU T uK lIM r
u a k iiic

—— —

q
n
q
n
O c 7 c 7 - # qU U n
0 7 * X UU* UU

qq

3 9 .5

—

n
n

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

-

-

—

-

_

-

-

-

*

-

_

-

_
-

-

2
2
-

13
1
12
~

6
6

66
26

82
78

75
41

81
63

89
58

80
45

71
25

47
31

40
25

32
24

6
3

-

-

-

4

4

1

-

4

2

1

-

8

4

3

1

-

-

24

14
8

39

6
2
4

3

26
24
2

21
13

34
30
4

41
33
8

52
36
16

46
38
8

8
7
1

3
2
1

2
2

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

11

_

l

_
-

_

-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

1
to t h e s e
2
3

' 260
208
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r
w e e k ly h o u r s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




_
-

_
-

s t r a ig h t - t im e

_

_

-

-

-

s a la r i e s

13
13

8

( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

ra te s),

-

and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

12
Ta b le A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations— Men and W om en Com bined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS* MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-------- ------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------------

Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
llO TS 1
U
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

894
316
578
523
53

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

276
125
151
86
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

$
9 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------

268
104
1 64
53

3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

750
508
242
32
84
54

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------

174
65
109
50

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------------

512
212
300
74
145

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

384
1 68
216
53
80

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2----------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

960
516
444
76
235
78

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

936
547
389
47
1 09
1 32
86

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------

1 ,1 4 8
332
816
231
136
57
364

3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

8 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------FINANCE 3----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------------------

1 ,5 8 7
491
1 ,0 9 6
375
184
174
259
104

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND G IRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

808
238
570
86
120
178
169

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

2 12
1 73
1 10

3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

627
1 66
461
320
58

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 -0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

7 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES4-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

5 ,5 1 7
3 ,0 4 8
2 ,4 6 9
370
342
150
860
747

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

315
152
163

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0

B IL L E R S,

MACHINE

(BOOKKEEPING

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




784
145
639
59
473

3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

-

Number
of
woikets

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES4 - CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PU8LIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

513
601
90
124
53
252
82

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

$
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------------------

1 ,6 9 4
788
906
203
92
59
374
178

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5

1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

2 ,0 5 6
1 ,2 9 2
764
58
87
192
418

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
1 1 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

1 ,7 8 9
756
1 ,0 3 3
284
133
381

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------S E R V IC E S ----------------------------------------------

931
407
524
217
138

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

96
65

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------------

386
85
301
77
73
89

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

9 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------

782
445
337
78
166
62

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

9 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

220

66

86.00

13
Ta b le A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations— Men and W o m e n C om bined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
Average
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------FINANCE 3-----------------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------FINANCE 3-------------------------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

247
144
103
86

259
123
1 36
89

257
65

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

3 6 .5
3 8 .5

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Weekly
bouts 1
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

383
131
252
186

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .5

’ $
8 6 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

1 ,2 5 9
576
683
90
400
144

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .5

8 9 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 6 .0

7 8 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

2 ,5 6 3
863
1 ,7 0 0
247
1 57
1 ,0 9 4
138

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r
c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .

Weekly
bouts 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL----------------------------------- *-------------------MANUFACTURING----------------- 1
-------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------ -------------------FINANCE 3-----------------------------------------------

8 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

662
440
222

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
1 7 2 .5 0
1 7 2 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S 2---------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

865
524
341
64
265

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0
1 7 1 .5 0
1 4 8 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------- --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------------------------

704
449

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

32

3 7 .5

1 2 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

1 28
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

261
209
52

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

1 1 1 .0 0

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Hourly earnings

N um be:

o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ---------------------------ELECTRICIAN S, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3 ---------------------------S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




492
386
106
50
1 ,1 2 3
973
150
84

M ean2

$
3 .6 1
3 .5 5
3 .8 5
3 .1 2
3 .8 6
3 .8 2
4 .0 7
3 .9 6

Median 2

$
3 .4 9
3 .5 3
3 .1 9
3 .0 0
3 .7 3
3 .7 1
4 .0 3
4 .3 5

Middle range 2

$
$
3 . 1 8 - 4 .0 1
3 . 2 6 - 3 .9 8
2 . 9 8 - 4 .7 8
2 . 9 5 - 3 .1 6
3 .4 9 3 .5 1 3 .3 9 3 .3 6 -

4 .0 6
4 .0 2
4 .4 6
4 .4 5

$
$
U n der 2 .4 0 2 . 5 0
and
$
2 . 4 0 u n d er

$
2 .6 0

S
$
2 . 70 2 . 8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
$
4 . 20 4 . 4 0

$
$
$
4 . 60 4 . 80 5 . 0 0

$
5 . 20

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

$
5 .8 0

2 .5 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 . 40 4 . 6 0

4 . 80 5 . 00 5 .2 0

5 , 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

29
29

88
88

-

-

4
4

2 .6 0

and

-

2

-

-

“

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
-

13
13

26
26

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

3
3

12
12
-

_

3
2
1
-

34
8
26
26

7
3
4
-

70
51
19
19
16
14
2

45
42
3
1
164
129
35
34

88
79
9
2

65
64
1
-

-

-

1 47
127
20

262
255
7

158
153
5

4

-

-

-

127
1 15
12
2

2
-

2
2

12
4
8
2
135
91

44
42

4
-

4
-

_

10

-

10
-

-

1
1

4

_

4

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

_
_

—

_

9

7

•

9

r

-

-

9
6
3

15
4
11

39
35
4

l
-

l
_

14
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , N e w a rk an d J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is

of
workers

$
2 .4 0
Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3..1 0

$

3 .2 0

*
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
$
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

S
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

$
5 .6 0

and
2 - 4 0 u n d er

t

an
? .6 0

2 ,7 0

2., 8 0

,9 0

3,, o p

,1 0

3.,2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

o
cc

2 .5 0

*
5 .8 0

4 .0 0 4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5_.00 5 . 2 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------

531
358
173
87

$
3 .9 6
3 .9 9
3 .9 1
3 .8 8

$
3 .7 7
3 .7 3
3 .8 8
3 .8 7

$
3 .5 1 3 .5 2 3 .3 2 3 .3 4 -

$
4 .4 9
4 .3 2
4 .6 4
4 .6 3

4

-

6

3

3

-

7

4

4
4

-

6

3
2

3

-

7
7

4
2

25
11
14
4

20
12
8
6

147
132
15
3

60
57
3
-

50
23
27
23

51
32
19
4

12
10
2
-

19
18
1
-

38
38
32

2
1
1

18
18
“

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

401
301
100

3 .2 6
3 .2 6
3 .2 4

3 .0 5
3 .1 0
2 .8 8

2 .7 7 2 .7 9 2 .5 9 -

3 .4 2
3 .2 9
3 .7 6

11
4
7

12
3
9

29
19
10

5
4
1

61
48
13

36
23
13

38
34
4

19
13
6

69
64
5

19
17
2

29
27
2

11
5
6

3
2
1

_
-

_
-

1
-

-

1

5
—
5

38
38

“

15
15

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

363
184
179

2 .9 1
2 .8 7
2 .9 5

2 .8 8
2 .8 7
2 .8 9

2 .6 9 2 .7 0 2 .6 9 -

3 .2 1
3 .2 2
3 .2 0

18
18

15
3
12

5
1
4

58
25
33

18
18
-

82
38
44

9
9
-

31
13
18

29
4
25

327
315

4 .0 7
4 .1 0

4 .4 2
4 .4 4

3 .7 1 - 4 .5 4
3 . 7 3 - 4 .5 4

-

_

_

-

_

5
5

2
2

2
2

29
17

11
11

97
97

2
2

5
5

3
3

1 69
169

_

-

2
2

_

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING

1 ,5 7 1
1 ,4 7 7
94

3 .8 8
3 .8 8
3 .8 6

3 .7 7
3 .7 7
4 .0 6

3 . 6 0 - 4 .1 8
3 . 6 1 - 4 .1 6
3 .3 2 - 4 .4 5

_
-

—

12
4
8

58
58
“

72
71
1

122
109
13

113
109
4

466
466

156
156
~

186
166
20

16
15
1

177
1 39
38

12
12
~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

1 ,4 2 1
200
1 ,2 2 1
1 ,0 0 3
201

3 .5 9
3 .6 8
3 .5 7
3 .5 7
3 .5 8

3 .5 5
3 .5 2
3 .5 6
3 .5 7
3 .4 7

3 . 3 9 - 3 .6 8
3 .2 4 - 4 .0 6
3 . 4 2 - 3 .6 7
3 .4 0 - 3 .6 6
3 . 4 3 - 3 .7 5

2
2
-

16
16
—

4
4
-

34
32
2
-

3 10
50
2 60
260
-

469
15
454
316
136

3 61
11
350
3 29
16

74
11
63
42
21

60
27
33
16
16

43
43
39
3

19
15
4
1
3

_
—
-

23
23
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

1 ,1 9 1
1 ,0 5 2

3 .6 3
3 .5 9

3 .6 5
3 .6 3

3 .3 4 3 .3 1 -

3 .8 0
3 .7 7

31
31

7
7

75
73

155
155

145
143

420
389

1 49
1 20

23
23

43
2

20
9

7

53
52

-

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

546
535

3 .7 5
3 .7 5

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .5 3 3 .5 3 -

1
1

91
88

_

_

_

° I L m a n u f a c t u r in g ----------------------------------

239
225

3 .1 4
3 .1 0

2 .9 3
2 .8 9

2
2

8
-

19
19

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

293
231
62

3 .5 3
3 .4 5
3 .8 2

_

_

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------

854
781

3 .8 3
3 .7 8

5^0

5 .8 0

over

98
55
43

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -------------

5 .4 0

d

-

~

4
4

_

4
—
4

1
1

4
4
~

_

_

—
—
-

-

_

—

—

—

_
-

_

-

_

_

_

168
1 68
“

_
—

_
-

_
-

_
—

—

_
—
-

_
—
-

_
—
—
—

—
—

_

-

_

_

_

7
7

9
8

12
12

3
2

3
3

221
219

57
53

1 19
1 19

23
23

18
18

26
22

_

29
29

22
22

_

_

_

-

“

-

9
6
3

10
7
3

36
36
“

36
35
1

92
90
2

19
19

5
5

14
14
-

12
10
2

14

-

3

8
7

22
22

70
70

104
99

216
213

57
56

216
216

43
1

63
51

_

-

_

-

25
25

-

2

13

4

26

11

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

9

-

26

-

1
1

23
22

13
5

18
17

30
23

11
11

28
28

-

20
20

-

_

_

_

-

-

2 .6 9 2 .6 8 -

3 .3 2
3 .2 9

2
“

32
32

7
7

22
22

22
22

30
30

3 .5 0
3 .5 0
4 .3 8

3 .1 7 3 .1 9 2 .6 5 -

3 .6 5
3 .5 9
5 .0 4

2

9

_

-

—

—

10
10

9
9
“

-

3 .7 9
3 .7 6

3 . 5 7 - 4 .0 8
3 . 5 4 - 4 .0 5

_

_

_

_

9
_

-

-

-

-

_

1

_

2

-

“

_

3 .9 0
3 .9 0

_

-

-

_

-

3 .7 2

3 .3 4

3 . 1 9 - 3 .6 0

3 .2 5

3 .2 8

3 .1 3 -

3 .3 5

-

-

-

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

145
127

3 .7 3
3 .7 5

3 .6 8
3 .7 4

3 .3 5 3 .4 4 -

4 .1 1
4 .1 3

_

-

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

*

3 .6 7 - 4 .1 0
3 . 6 5 - 4 .1 3

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




_

29
18

-

3 .8 8
3 .8 6

_

9
5

-

25
25

73

3 .9 1
3 .9 1

-

6
6
6

-

36

1 ,4 5 4
1 ,3 4 3

—
—

-

-

—
-

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 -----------------------

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ------

—
-

—

62
62

-

_
“

-

“

-

77
77

127
127

360
343

2 85
277

334
248

95
95

14

24
24

—

-

120
120

_

_

_

-

“

-

_

_

3

13

1
1

_

_

-

_

13

_
-

18
18

9

3
3

-

-

12

1

_

_

~

'

31
31

—
—
-

~

_

_

—
-

_

“

15
Table A-5. Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings2

*

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

workers

$

$

1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

$

$

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

1 .6 0

Number

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

over

31
31

1443
47
1396

452
20
432

256
2
254

81
12
69

137
64
73

56
8
48

1 62
96
66

111
71
40

165
132
33

1 62
119
43

154
87
67

50
46
4

74
63
11

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

—

-

-

-

-

2

7

33

62

98

101

87

19

63

1

-

27

1 .5 0

M ean3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

3 ,3 8 5
768
2 ,6 1 7

$
1 .9 8
2 .6 3
1 .7 9

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------

485

2 .8 4

M edian3

$

1 .7 4
2 .7 2
1 .6 9

Middle range3

$

$

1 . 6 5 - 2 .2 4
2 . 2 7 - 3 .0 1
1 . 6 4 - 1 .8 2

2 .8 4

2 .6 3 -

1 .6 0

50
50

10

3 .1 1

2

283

2 .2 6

2 .2 2

2 .0 0 -

2 .6 3

JAN ITO RS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE5----------------------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

5 ,9 6 7
2 ,3 3 3
3 ,6 3 4
383
279
288
3 38
2 ,3 4 6

2 .1 4
2 .5 2
1 .9 0
2 .6 2
2 .3 9
1 .9 3
2 .0 0
1 .7 1

2 .0 9
2 .5 4
1 .7 7
2 .6 5
2 .4 9
1 .9 5
1 .9 2
1 .6 8

1 .6 9 2 .2 2 1 .6 5 2 .5 3 2 .2 6 1 .6 8 1 .8 3 1 .6 2 -

2 .5 8
2 .8 1
2 .1 3
2 .8 1
2 .6 2
2 .1 3
2 .2 3
1 .8 0

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

1 ,3 2 5
248
1 ,0 7 7
763

1 .8 0
2 .1 9
1 .7 2
1 .6 5

1 .6 9
2 .1 4
1 .6 8
1 .6 6

1 .6 4 2 .0 0 1 .6 3 1 .6 3 -

1 .9 6
2 .4 2
1 .8 3
1 .7 0

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------------------

8 ,7 0 6
4 ,1 2 6
4 ,5 8 0
3 ,1 6 8
966
393
53

2 .9 5
2 .8 6
3 .0 3
3 .2 1
2 .6 2
2 .7 3
2 .2 1

3 .0 1
2 .6 9
3 .2 1
3 .2 4
2 .8 3
2 .9 9
2 .1 4

2 .5 7 2 .2 5 2 .9 2 3 .1 5 2 .2 0 1 .9 6 1 .9 2 -

3 .2 8
3 .1 0
3 .2 9
3 .3 2
2 .9 9
3 .4 3
2 .6 5

ORDER
FILLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

2 ,0 0 7
715
1 ,2 9 2
911
305

2 .9 2
2 .9 2
2 .9 3
2 .8 3
3 .3 3

2 .9 4
3 .0 0
2 .9 4
2 .9 0
3 .4 2

2 .7 1 2 .6 4 2 .7 3 2 .6 9 3 .1 8 -

3 .1 2
3 .2 2
3 .1 1
2 .9 6
3 .4 6

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

950
843
1 07
99

2 .6 2
2 .6 5
2 .3 3
2 .3 5

2 .6 6
2 .7 2
2 .4 5
2 .4 6

2 . 2 6 - 2 .9 5
2 . 2 8 - 2 .9 7
2 . 1 3 - 2 .5 8
2 . 1 8 - 2 .5 9

_

_

-

9
9

-

-

-

28
12
16
12

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

244
216

2 .5 8
2 .6 6

2 .8 3
2 .8 4

2 .0 5 2 .1 8 -

_

2

2

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

529
361
168
89
69

2 .8 6
2 .8 5
2 .8 9
2 .7 7
2 .9 3

2 .9 1
2 .8 7
3 .0 1
2 .9 5
3 .2 1

2 . 5 6 - 3 .2 1
2 . 5 7 - 3 .1 4
2 . 5 4 - 3 .2 8
2 . 3 0 - 3 .1 5
2 . 5 5 - 3 .4 6

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

37 3
2 96
77

2 .9 6
2 .8 8
3 .2 4

3 .0 0
2 .8 6
3 .2 3

2 .7 2 2 .6 7 2 .9 7 -

3 .2 2
3 .1 6
3 .5 4

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

3 19
213
1 06
60

2 .9 4
2 .8 4
3 .1 2
3 .1 1

2 .9 5
2 .8 4
3 .0 6
3 .0 5

2 .5 8 2 .4 7 2 .9 1 2 .9 3 -

3 .2 4
3 .0 9
3 .3 3
3 .2 8

PORTERS,

$

$

$

-

-

102

282

-

1 02
-

6
-

96

12

62

1

63

9

34

18

179
67
112

317
213
104
9

607
427
180
23
92
7
1
57

6 85
408
2 77
179
70
12

3 94

23
24
48

592
3 35
257
14
52
35
97
59

444
385
59
59

9
14
21
68

386
129
257
32
6
58
30
131

656
11
645
537

108
26
82
65

103
1
102
84

130
24
106
6

59
54
5
3

100
23
77
12

53
44
9
9

28
28

37
32
5
1

189
37
152

84
29
55

73
43
30

263
230
33

295
254
41

405
317
88

341
323
18

616
504
112

-

-

-

52
22
14

13
4
1

110

36
14
22
12

27
12
15
12

429
133
296
295

20
463
33
430
8
1
27

-

399
32
367
18
5
22
121
2 01

37

1214
64
28 2 1150
-

23
1
88
39
5
2 42 1 0 3 4

-

-

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le,




$

$

$

t

i

i' ‘

9
-

37
-

9
9

37
37

1

23

-

1
-

1

-

23
-

-

-

-

-

23

95
51
6

35
14
6

8
22

26
15

-

3
20
10

52
37
15
12

_
-

44
30
14

-

-

“

-

_

_

-

-

8
6
2

34
32
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2

-

219
185
34
19
14
1

_

-

—

-

-

55
55

2
1

21
21

-

-

13
9
4

-

-

2

21

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

_
-

-

-

27
27

17
17

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

16

AND CLEANERS

2 .8 8
2 .8 9

$

and
$
1 . 5 0 u n d er

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

JAN ITO RS,

$

_
-

5
5

770 1276 1053
585
633
227
185
64 3 826
292
98
715
295
95
78
4
49
16
5
7
“
5 80
66
514
476

2 72
173
99

1953
2 51
1702
152 2
132
47
1

681
14
667
541

58
47
11

125
1

8
8

4

-

“

“

40
38
2

22
22

618
618

-

-

-

97

11

264
42
222
30
192
18
18

2
2

15
15

1
1

6
1
5

12
7
5

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

“

-

-

107
29
78
74
2

59
54
5
5

27
25
2
2

35
33
2
2

59
52
7
5

65
54
11
11

173
131
42
40

134
122
12
12

1 94
184
10
10

81
81

42
42

4
-

34
26

14
10

10
10

12
10

6
-

1
1

6
6

122
122

18
18

_

12
1
11
2
9

2

80
64
16
7
9

79
62
17
10
7

75
61
14
10
4

85
58
27
26
-

82
51
31
13
15

33
16
17
16

81
81
-

51
27
24

89
77
12

55
50
5

35
8
27

2
1
1

66
52
14

39
29
10
10

52
26
26
20

59
47
12
6

44
23
21
12

10
3
7
7

23
16
7
5

8
8

13
13

6
6

2
2

—

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

5

31
29
2

5
5
-

13
13

-

-

-

1

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
-

8
7

1

9
9

-

-

2

-

-

-

2

44
29
15
14
1

_

l
1

22
22

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

~

-

2

-

-

-

“

4

5

_

-

-

-

-

5
~

-

-*

4

-

-

-

~

—

~

-

_
-

16
Ta b le A-5. Custodial and Material M ovem ent Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N. J. , F e b r u a r y 1968)
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g str a ig h t -t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

TRUCKDRIVERS b -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 0 ,3 2 5
2 ,5 2 1
7 ,8 0 4
5 ,4 3 8
1 ,9 8 3
216

M ean3

$
3 .5 6
3 .8 9
3 .4 5
3 .5 5
3 .3 3
2 .5 0

M edian3

$
3 .6 0
3 .6 8
3 .5 8
3 .6 1
3 .2 4
2 .5 4

Middle range3

$
$
3 . 4 1 - 3 .6 8
3 .4 1 - 4 .7 7
3 . 4 0 - 3 .6 5
3 . 5 4 - 3 .6 5
3 . 0 3 - 3 .9 1
2 . 1 9 - 2 .7 0

$
$
Unde r 1 .5 0 1 . 6 0
and
$
1 . 50 u n d er

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

*
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

%

3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

$
4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

1 .6 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

over

-

2
2
-

9
9
9

16
16
2
12

28
28
23
1

21
10
11
10

48
13
35
3
2
26

156
74
82
4
45
31

132
60
72
4
34
30

158
77
81
29
46

370
132
238
44
174
15

817
64
753
15
5 98
36

806
188
618
300
291

2628 3397
299
426
2329 2971
2184 2884
139
87

843
284
559
559

58
58
-

6
6
-

2

9

6

5
~

10

25
4

112
63

56
19

16
3

34
14

13
11

54
48

24
2

27
16

375
~

_

21
9
12

38
6
32

37
27
10

99
57
42
-

656
44
612

380
14
366
235

928
74
854
848

_
-

1 54
154
-

_
-

1
7
4

16
14
2

1
9

38
4

157
50
1 07
3
89
15
“

26

21

6

_
-

5
5
-

3
1
2
-

20
5
15
15

5
5
~

9
9
-

222
41
181
181

76
76
-

~

~
_

768
180

3 .3 0
2 .7 8

3 .6 7
2 .8 4

2 .4 8 2 .3 3 -

3 .9 5
3 .2 5

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4—
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRAOE ---------SERVICES -------------------

3 ,0 0 8
941
2 ,0 6 7
1 ,0 8 6
825
91
65

3 .5 3
4 .1 8
3 .2 3
3 .4 7
3 .0 1
2 .5 4
3 .0 6

3 .4 7
4 .8 1
3 .3 4
3 .5 3
3 .0 5
2 .6 2
3 .1 8

3 . 0 6 - 3 .5 9
3 . 5 1 - 4 .8 6
3 . 0 5 - 3 .5 3
3 . 4 4 - 3 .5 6
3 . 0 1 - 3 .0 9
2 .3 6 - 2 .6 8
3 . 1 2 - 3 .3 5

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

4 ,2 9 3
794
3 ,4 9 9
2 ,9 8 5
512

3 .6 4
3 .7 9
3 .6 0
3 .6 1
3 .5 7

3 .6 5
3 .6 5
3 .6 5
3 .6 5
3 .6 1

3 .6 1
3 .5 7
3 .6 2
3 .6 2
3 .2 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FO RK LIFT) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------- 1
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

-

_
-

-

-

-

~

~

“

~

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
2

-

3 .6 8
3 .9 1
3 .6 8
3 .6 7
3 .9 3

_

_

_

-

-

—

_
-

_
-

1 ,6 2 3
1 62
1 ,4 6 1
1 ,2 3 5

3 .4 1
3 .1 6
3 .4 4
3 .5 1

3 .5 4
3 .3 0
3 .5 4
3 .5 5

3 .5 1 3 .2 1 3 .5 2 3 .5 3 -

3 .5 7
3 .4 2
3 .5 7
3 .5 8

_
-

3 ,2 1 4
1 ,6 8 3
1 ,5 3 1
1 ,1 9 2
188
139

3 .1 8
3 .0 3
3 .3 4
3 .4 0
3 .0 7
3 .3 2

3 .2 7
3 .0 2
3 .3 7
3 .3 7
3 .1 8
3 .4 2

2 . 9 5 - 3 .4 2
2 . 6 9 - 3 .2 5
3 . 3 1 - 3 .5 2
3 .3 2 - 3 .5 3
2 . 7 5 - 3 .4 5
3 . 1 6 - 3 .4 9

_
“

_
-

219
214

2 .6 4
2 .6 4

2 .6 0
2 .6 0

2 .4 0 2 .4 1 -

_

_

2 .6 8
2 .6 7

and

_
-

-

_

10
10
-

22
22

_
-

22
“

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

8
2

19
8
11

48
48

~

-

89
10
79

110
108
2
2
”

2 85
215
70
70
~

339
325
14
14

591
391
200
144
18
38

860
223
637
627
—
10

55
55

79
79

6
6

12
10

1
1

1
1
-

11
10
1
-

2
2
“

1
1
-

33
10
23

-

“

-

1
1
1

6
4
2
2

4
2
2
2
~

166
152
14
2
~

l

50
50

~

_

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n clu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 . 4 0 .




%

2

_

—
_

_

_

_

~
_
-

_
—

~

~

~

329 3298
1 72
3 38
1 57 2 9 6 0
101 2 8 8 4
76
56

308
124
184
184

10
10
-

1343
48
1 29 5
1235

_

_
“

_
-

695
156
539
373
89
77

53
5
48
48
-

—
—

”

—

5
5

5
5

-

_

2
2

~

1 56
1 56
-

490
490
—
-

_

118
118
—
-

~

“

-

—
-

66
66
—
—
—

-

_

472
472
-

-

34
34
~

~

~

_

_

_

_

—

_

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

—
-

-

-

-

_
—
~

_
“

1 02
102
_
~

”
1
1

84
7 84
-

_

17
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m

w e e k ly

s t r a ig h t-t im e

s a la r y 1

A ll

O th e r
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
A ll

B a s e d o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

B ased

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

o n s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

in d u s tr ie s

in d u s tr ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

in e x p e r ie n c e d

M a n u fa c tu rin g

3 7 V2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

35

37V 2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

3 7 V2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

35

37V *

40

s t u d i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

285

124

XXX

XXX

161

XXX

XXX

XXX

285

124

XXX

XXX

161

XXX

XXX

XXX

59

11

18

146

66

13

40

80

16

27

25

3

2

1

m i n i m u m -----------------------------------

127

37

68

15

22

$ 5 5 .0 0

a n d u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 _________________________________________________

3

_

_

_

3

1

$ 5 7 .5 0

a n d u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 __________________________________________ ______

1

-

4

-

-

-

4

1

1

1

$ 6 0 .0 0

a n d u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 --------------

2

22

4

2

-

18

2

7

4

$ 6 2 .5 0

an d u n d e r $ 6 5 .0 0

4
-

2

13

5

-

5

8

1

2

5

1

9
3
2

3

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

h a v in g

a s p e c ifie d

_

3

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

1

2
-

-------

12

-

-

-

12

1

-------

6

2

-

1

4

1

$ 6 5 .0 0

a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _________________________________________________

27

15

4

8

12

2

8

2

26

13

4

6

13

$ 6 7 .5 0

a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _________________________________________________

14

6

3

3

8

2

4

2

10

3

17

7

1

4

10

3

2

16
15

3

a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 --------------

2
_

6

$ 7 0 .0 0

6

1

4

4

$ 7 2 .5 0

a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 __________________________________________

5

1

1

-

4

1

2

1

6

4

1

2

9
2

8

5

----------

------------------

----------

------

-----------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

_

1
1
-

2

3

-

-

2

13

8

5

a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 .....................................................................................

6

3

2

3

1

2

2

a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _______________________

4

3

-

3

1

1

2
-

4

$ 8 0 .0 0

-

2
-

3

$ 7 7 .5 0

1
-

1
-

3

3

-

3

2
-

1
-

-

1
-

-

-

-

5

2

-

-

-

2

$ 7 5 .0 0

an d u n d e r $ 7 7 .5 0

—

.....................................................................................
_____________________

1

_

1
-

4

a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 .........................................................................................

3

2

2

1

a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________________

—

5

4

1

1

1

-

5

4

-

1
3

1

-

-

1

$ 8 7 .5 0

a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 _____

_________________________________________

3

2

-

1
2

1
-

3

$ 8 5 .0 0

1

-

-

1

2

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

$ 9 0 .0 0

a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 _______________________

4

3

-

3

1

-

-

3

3

-

3

-

-

-

-

$ 8 2 .5 0

a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ..........................................................................................

2

2

-

2

-

-

-

1
-

2

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

$ 9 5 .0 0

a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 _________________________________

3

2

1

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 _______

-

2

$ 9 7 .5 0

-

1

3

2

-

2

1

-

-

1

3

2

-

2

1

-

-

1

56

29

XXX

XXX

27

XXX

XXX

XXX

75

34

XXX

XXX

41

XXX

XXX

XXX

102

36

XXX

XXX

66

XXX

XXX

XXX

64

24

XXX

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

$ 9 2 .5 0

$ 1 0 0 .0 0

a n d o v e r ---------------------------------------------------

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

h a v in g

E s t a b l is h m e n t s w h ic h
in t h i s

____

no s p e c ifie d

_______________

_____

_____________

____________________________
---------------------

—

—

m i n i m u m --------------------------------

d id n ot e m p l o y w o r k e r s

c a t e g o r y _______________________________________________________________

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

18




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h i ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

A c tu a lly w o r k in g o n —

S e co n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft w o r k

S e c o n d s h ift

T o t a l _______________________________________________

82. 9

68. 3

15. 5

4. 6

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________

82. 2

68. 3

15. 5

4. 6

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) _______________________

38. 7

31. 3

7. 6

2. 7

5 rp n rn
7 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 V2 c e n t s ________________________________________
8 rpnt.fi
9 c e n t s _________________ _______________________
10 c e n t s ______________________ _________________
11 c e n t s _________________________________________
12 c e n t s _________________________________________
I 2 V2 o r 13 c e n t s _______________________________
14 c e n t s _________________________________________
15 c e n t s _________________________________________
16 o r 17 c e n t s __________________________________
1 7 V2 c e n t s ______________________________________
18 c e n t s _________________________________________
19 c e n t s _
_ _______________________ __ ----------20 c e n t s ___________________ ______________________
21 c e n t s a n d o v e r _____________________________

2. 5
2 .4
. 5
4. 0
1 .0
16. 1
2. 1
.7
2. 8
4. 7
1. 6
. 3

1. 3
.4
4. 0
4. 7
1. 8
2. 9
5 .4
. 7
2. 2
2. 1
1 .8
2. 1
1 .9

. 5
.6
. 2
.8
. 2
3. 6
. 2
. 1
.4
.8
. 3
( 2)

( 2)
. 1
. 2
. 1

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________

41. 1

35. 2

7. 4

1. 6

1. 1
1. 8

1. 8

.
.
1.
.

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 o r 8 p e r c e n t __________________ _____________
10 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
12 o r I 2 V2 p e r c e n t ____________________________
15 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
20 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________

7.
1.
32.
.
-

5
2
0
4

-

__

2 .4

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

. 7

even

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 . 0 5 p e r c e n t .

2 8 .4
1. 6
1. 5
. 8

.4
5. 2
-

1 .9

. 5

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft

. 2
( 1)
2
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

4
8
1
1
2
1
5

1
1
3
1

( 2)
. 2

( 2)

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g la t e

s h ifts

19
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h o u r s

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

— _ _____ ___
___
U n d e r 35 h o u r s -------------35 h ou rs
_ ...
.......
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 6 V4 h o u r s _____________________
36V4 h o u r s _________________________________ — — _
O v e r 36V4 a n d u n d e r 3 7 1/ 2 h o u r s ___________________
37-V2 h o u r s . --------------------------- --------------- -------- —
_ _____ _________________ ___
38V2 h o u r s ________ _
3 8 3 4 h o u r s -------------------------- -------------------/
— -------O v e r 3 8 3 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ___________ __ -----/4
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 48 h o u r s ________________________
_____________ ________
48 h o u r s _
_
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ___________________________________ ____

1
2
3
4
5

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

6

9

1

-

O ffic e w o r k e r s
M anu­
fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

3

1

-

-

-

1

21

-

-

( 5)

-

-

1

4

6

-

_

-

_
5
_

9
-

_
_

6
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

79

1

100

_
92

31

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s

43

( 5)

1

1

2

-

2

2

75
-

3

1

-

-

4

21

1

3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

( 5)
80

e x p e c t e d to w o r k ,

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

22

10

21

_
_
26

5
13

28
.

( 5)

3
7
1

25

1

1

1

_

_
3
_
37
_

8

16

-

'6

2

34

33
-

( 5)

4

100

65
_
_
_

1

4
3
29

F in a n c e

1

-

1

-

w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r

( 5)

at s t r a i g h t - t i m e

64
-

or

o v e rtim e

( 5)

10

44
_

29
_

2

8

_
7
_
.

_
34
_
.

1

( 5)
82

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

R e t a il
tra d e

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

ra tes.

20
T a b le B-4. Paid H o lid a ys
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
I te m

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------ —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ________ _____ ______________ —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 1
2

100

100

100

99

100

100

1

O ffic e w o r k e r s
S e r v ic e s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

86

99

100

100

14

( 4)

R e t a il
tra d e

100

100

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

'

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 3

S e r v ic e s

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

( 4)

“

N u m ber of days
5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s -------------- ----- -------- ---------- ------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 o r 4 h a lf d a y s ----------------------------7 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------- --------------7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________ _
8 h o l id a v s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________ _______________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _______________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 o r 6 h a lf d a y s ___________________
9 V nli d a y s .......
i
.
.
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _____________________ ___
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s ___________________
10 h o l id a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___________ ___________
11 h o l id a y s ___________________ ____________________ ____
11 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
11 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s _________________
12 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
12 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 o r 3 h a lf d a y s _________________
----------------------------- 1 3 h o l id a y s ---------------------------13 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------------

1
4
1

15
(4 )
1
11
2
4
( 4)
20
1
6
13
1

1
2
1
10
9
2
5
24
2
9
17
2

_
1
1
14
28
11
10
35
-

9
16
45
6
17
5
2
-

_
10
46
8
2
5
1
6
6

(4)
2

( 4)
2

( 4)
5
1

( 4)
4
-

(4)
7
1
2
1
19
4
4
8
1
3
9
5
( 4)
27
2

( 4)
8
2
3
33
2
7
15
3
1
14
1
2
1
( 4)
"

1
1
2
5
5
20
23
45
47
84
86
94
94
98
99
100

-

4
3
4
6
4
3
14
1
5
11
4
10
16
5
4
6
-

■

2

"

"

■

( 4)
( 4)

_
1
3
4
6
6
15
18
44
46
75
77
86
86
98
99
100

2
2
2
2
36
36
46
46
57
57
85
85
98
98
99
1 00
100

_
6
6
16
32
41
45
61
64
83
83
88
93
96
1 00
1 00

_
-

_
6
12
12
12
14
14
22
22
29
29
76
86
86

( 4)
( 4)
2
3
30
35
46
48
60
64
84
85
92
93
98
98
99

( 4)
9
-

( 4)
7
1
1
6
2
1

( 4)
2
2
1

( 4)

(4)
1
3
3
10
11
19
20
39
41
65
67
78
78
94
98
99

( 4)
-

-

-

-

_
( 4)
2
5
1
34
3
14

_
2
4
5
21
1
4
2
16
4

1
11
1
58
3
11

_
-

-

(4)
7
5
7
5
5
68
4

-

-

-

1

“

_

1
1
3
3
41
41
55
55
55
59
93
93
98
98
99
100
100

5
5
7
26
28
28
41
47
67
68
89
94
98
1 00
100

_
6
6
6
6
14
14
15
15
30
30
88
99
100

38
3

( 4)
13
2
20
2
5

-

-

( 4)
1
8
4
2

_
4
8
5
8
6
*
4
5
2
3
5
23
-

26
-

"

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5
14 d a y s — -------------- — — ------------------------------- ----13 1/ z d a y s o r m o r e _____________ ____________________
13 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------I 2 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
12 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------I IV 2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________ _____ _______________
11 d a y s o r m o r e ______ ______________________________
10V2 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ _____ ___________
10 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e __________________________ ___ _
_
___
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____
_________ _______________ __
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______ ________ _______ ___________
7 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________ _______________
5 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________

( 4)
( 4)
(4)
( 4)
2
7
30
30
75
91
100

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
4 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l an$ h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s t h e n w e r e c u m u la te d .




r e c e iv in g

a to ta l o f 9 days

_
4
4
72
77
88
88
93
99
99
99
99
99
100
100
100

_
_
_
26
49
58
58
61
63
74
74
83
88
96
99
99

in c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 9 fu l l d a y s a n d

21
T a b le B-5. Paid V a c a tio n s1
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1 968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
92
6
2

99
88
8
2

100
100

96
92
4
_

100
100

94
92
_
3

1

1

21
28
7
1

28
19
5
2

1
58
5
30
1
3
1

1
67
7
22

1
21
18
53
1
4
1

1
23
28
45
(5 )

1
2
19
69
2
5
1

1
2
29
62
1
2
2

2
16
73
2
5
1

3
24
67
1
2
2

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

100

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(5 )

99
98
1
-

100
100
_

100
100
_

100
100

100
100

100
100

(5 )

1

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ______________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
O t h e r ---------------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s __ - ______________________________

-

_

4

6

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w eek
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________

3
48
23

20
34
7

16
61
2

5
25
3

“

-

-

-

58
5
32

3

_
55
_
_

-

-

-

18
52
11
2

5
54
29
-

9
45
5
-

10
52
1
-

12
1
87

9
7
84

42

-

-

-

-

.

_

19
51
6
2

28
53
14
3

3
60
13
6

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek 1 w eek
.
.........................
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

_
-

33

(5 )

35
9
23

2

-

.
35
4
53

_

45

_
_
_

_

_

13
1
85

(5 )
76

(5 )
(5 )

(5 )
1

21

_
_
_

_
_

_
58
_
_

_
_
100
_
_
-

7

_

93

_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ ______________
3 w e e k s ___________ _____________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

2

_
_

22

47
9
23
-

_
15
(5 )
77

_

_
_
_
94
_

_
_

39

51
5

_
1
1
97
1
1

1
1
96
(5 )
1

1
3
97

-

3

6

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_
94
-

5

85
5

(5 )
(5 )
96
2
1
-

(5 )
‘
1
94
1
2
-

(5 )
(5 )
95
2
2

(5 )
1
94
1
2

_
_

1

_
_
_

99

_
_
92

_
_
_
_

4

_

91
5

-

8

-

100

-

A fte r 3 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k --------_ ______ ___________
„
_ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
__
_
____
3 w e e k s __________
4 w eeks
_
__
„ ____ _____

_
(5 )
68
9
23
-

_
2
5
85

_

_

3

6

_

-

-

-

(5 )
"

1

_

99

96
1
2

-

-

_
_

_
_
_

92

8
-

_
_

(5)
"

98
2

94
5

-

-

_

A fte r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k —_______
_
. _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _________
___ _
_
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

(5 )
68
9
23

_

_
-

5
87

94

3

6

-

_
_
88
5
2

(5 )
99

_
_

_
97
1
2

_
92
8

_
98
2

_

_
83
5
11

'
S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e .




22
T a b le B-5. Paid V a c a tio n s 1 C ontinued
—
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra de

_
61
9
30

_
79
_
17

_
65
9
26

_
77

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

_

_

_

_

24
4
59
9
-

-

10

_
46

15

_
16

90
-

39
5
3

77

77

-

-

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e ta il
tra d e

_
_
95
_
5

_
_
70
_
30

_
_

20
21

-

-

-

_
_
16
_
82
_
3

_
_

F in a n c e 4

S e r v ic e s

_
_
49
31

_
_
71

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t in u e d
A fte r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
1
74

8
12
3

2
1
77
9
5
4

6
12

_

_

(5 )
72
13
14

(5 )
85
5
7

1

59

20

8
21

-

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k __________________________________ ..______________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ ______________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________

1
(5 )
15

8

2
1
14

10

69

64

3

4

1
1

2

2

(5 )
9
91
-

2

1

(5 )
5
(5 )

2
1
2
1

-

_

_

_

_

_
50

26
_
74
_

12
2
86

68

28

_

_
_

20

-

-

-

-

_

_
_
26
_
74

_

_

8
6
86

11

21
1

_
_
13
_
_

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

1
(5 )

1
1
9
69

2

4

1

(5 )

2
1
10
12
64
3
4

2
1

_

_

_

18

_

_

_

_

10

1
1

9

45
25
-

90
_
_

29
58
5
3
-

-

-

_

_

3
82

4
61
3
28

(5 )
9
91
-

8

_

_

_

5
77

2

_

6

77
4

_
_
14
83
-

_

16
5
50

1

_

_
_
69

_

_

_

3

28

_

_

20

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

-

(5 )
(5 )

(5 )
(5 )

_

_

_

_

_

_

9
63
9
18

-

-

-

-

_

22

6

6

10

10

85
-

_
58

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
6 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 6 w e e k s _________________________________________

1
(5 )

8
1

69

6
12
(5 )

1
(5 )

2
1
8
1
70
5

10
1

6
10

57

8

7

-

-

-

_

_

2
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

70

1
1
10
-

76
4

12

2

1
12

_
_
17
_
58

20
5

_
_

1
_

64
30
5

_
_

9
_
64
_

27

-

-

-

_

1

3

20

_
_

_

2

(5 )
(5 )

_

_

_

_

_

-

(5 )
(5 )

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s --------- ------------------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 and u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ______________________ ___________________
S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




1
(5 )
7
(5 )
30
3
52
(5 )
3
(5 )

1

7

1

33
3
47
(5 )
4

1
2

_

_

_

1

9

-

4

9

22

5

5

10

10

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

3
9
89

45
3
40

24

44
5

23

23

4

35

11

29

22

67

21

64

64

83

32

72

67

55

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

3

23

_

_

3

_

_

3

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

(5 )

1

~

"

"

-

-

-

"

1

1

-

1

17
_
_

_

2

_

14
_

-

23
----T a b le B-5. Paid V a c a tio n s 1 C on tin u ed
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v is i o n s , N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l ic y

M anu­
A ll
i n d u s t r ie s 2 fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tra de

S e rv ice s

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

M anu­
f a c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t ilit ie s 3

_
5
13

_
_
5
14
63
16
-

_
_

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e r v ic e s

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________

1

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________ _____ ________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks ____ ____ ______ _______________ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ______________ _
_ _____
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _______________________________________________
6 w e e k s - ____________________________________ ~ —
O v e r 6 w e e k s ----------------------- -----------------------

(5 )
7
(5 )

21
2
57
-

8

2
1
7

1
20
-

57
9

1

1
2

1 w e e k _________________________________________________

1

O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____ ;_____ — _______
2 w e e k s ___________________ _
____
__
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________ __ __
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________ —
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ____________ ____________
4 w e e k s _____ ___________________ _
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 w e e k s __________________ _____________ _____ ____
O v e r 6 w e e k s ___________ ____________;__ __________

(5 )
7

2
1

(5 )

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
9
80
-

4
37
3
32
-

9
24
67

8
-

19
-

22

-

42
5
19
7

-

-

-

(5 )
62

8
10
-

(5 )

10
_
4
_
79
_
7
_

_
_

10
29

1

38
_
23
_

_

_
_
17
_
11
_
72
_
_
_

_
_

1

_
_

_

9
_

12

10

_
60
28
_
_

_
65
_
16
_

1

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

(5 )

21
2
57
-

8
1
1

7

1
20
57

_
-

3
9
78

_
-

_
-

9
24
67

22
38
5
23

_
5
13

_
5
14
-

(5 )
61

62

_
-

_
-

10

10
29

_
17
-

4
_

-

11

12

_
72
_
_

79

_
56
5
27
_

1

_
-

_
_

1

9
9
_

66

-

-

-

-

-

19
-

-

3
4

18

15

-

2

7
_

38
23
_

-

"

"

-

(5 )

(5 )

"

"

"

-

_
4
37
3
32

_
-

_
-

_
_

10

1

_
4

29

_
_
17
-

_
_

10

_

9
_

11

12

(5 )
61

-

_

67

38
5
23

_
_
5
14

_
_

22

_
5
13

_
_

9
24

62

79

38

72

66

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

19

-

15

7

23

-

-

-

3
4

56
5
4

-

-

-

_

2

-

-

9

10

1
2

_
4
37
3
32

1
1

_
14

2
-

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________

1

O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
__
_
_
____
___
_
_
___
__
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ______ _____ ____________ ____ _____ ________ _
_
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s ________________________
5 w e e k s _____ _____________ __ __________ ___________ _
_
6 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 6 w e e k s ______________________ ________________

(5 )
7

2
1

57

57

3
9
78

-

-

-

8
2
1

8

10

3

-

(5 )

21
2

7

1
20

2

-

1
11
1
7

-

2
1

_

1

9
_
_

14

23

I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d "
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a lify in g le n g th s
se r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
of




24
T a b le B-6. H e a lth , Insurance, and P ension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

100

100

100

100

L ife i n s u r a n c e ____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
insu.ra.nc e ——_______ ___________,________________—
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 5_____________________________

96

98

99

60

63

56

77

77

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e -------- ----S ic k l e a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d no
w a it in g p e r i o d ) . ---------------- -------------- ----S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------------- -------- __

55

64

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------

-------------------------

—

—

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u t il it i e s 3

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

100

100

96

93

85

99

98

99

56

51

63

64

67

58

82

84

80

50

88

91

86

51

45

24

37

48

63

35

69

59

52

95

12

18

34

97
96
81
76
87

98
97
75
74
85

100
100

( 6)

( 6)

100

100

100

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

S e r v ic e s

100

100

99

97

100

97

48

42

69

69

98

79

85

80

42

23

36

62

69

78

77

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e _______________________
-----------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e ---------------------M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n _______________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n pla n -----------

24

14

26

62

13

13

27

3

8

6

96
95
77
42
79
( 6)

99
98
81
45
82

100
100

96
96
74
44
81

83
83
45
9
77

81
79
63
23
44
7

93
65
84

58

29

93
85
82

2
93
92
73
54
65
( 6)

6
85
85
55
38

88

1

90
90

99
99
93

66

99

81
79

86

2

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n ,
s o c ia l s e c u r it y , andr a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e
sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s
a re lim it e d to
t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
ht le a s t
the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




25
T a b le B-7.

P rem ium Pay for O ve rtim e W o r k

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N e w a r k an d J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1968)
P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m pay p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s -----

-----

—

-----------

O f f i c e w o r k e r ■s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1

--------------

—

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 1
2

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

S e rv ice s

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M anu­
fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic
u tilitie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

89

95

100

82

67

54

58

79

89

95

100

82

67

54

58

5
2
82

8
3
84

100

1
_
81

67

54

4
7
1
46

11

5

18

33

46

99

100

100

100

100

92

99

100

100

100

100

91

4
2
_
93
1

7
.
3
_

-

_
1
97
2

-

-

-

-

_
96
4

91
-

-

2

8

( 6)

W h o l e s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 3

S e rv ice s

100

100

100

100

94

52

57

18

64

79

94

52

57

18

64

3
10
3
63

3
91

15
37

4
2
51

8
2
7

1
4
3
56

42

21

6

48

43

82

36

99

100

100

97

100

100

98

99

100

100

97

100

100

98

1
4

3

-

-

-

-

12
2
82

97

17
80

4
_
2
94

10
12
2
76

4
_
1
3
90

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

D a i ly o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s ______ _
------------

---------- -

------ ---- ---- _ ________
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f ----E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
U n d e r l l/ z h o u r s ----------------------------------------7 V2 h o u r s - _ — _ —
— _ __
----_
_ _
O v e r 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 8 h o u r s ___
8 h ou rs—
----- - — ----------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5_______
____

_
_

_
_

W e e k l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s ----------------------------------------------------T im e a n d o n e - h a l f -------------------------- —
----E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
3 1 V4 h o u r s — _
_
___ ____ __ _______
35 h o u r s __ j- __
______ ______ _____
O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 37V2 h o u r s __________
3 7 V2 h o u r s __________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s - -- -------4 0 h o u r s _____________________________________
O v e r 4 0 h o u r s ___________
_ __
_ —
F lu c t u a t i n g w o r k w e e k p r i n c i p l e 7______________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pa y
a t p r e m i u m r a t e s 5__________________________________

( 6)

1

91
-

-

100
-

-

( 6)
5
3
7
1
83

3

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t il it i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n t h o u g h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a ll y d o not w o r k o v e r t i m e .
G r a d u a te d
p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r e m i u m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r th e f i r s t e f f e c t iv e p r e m i u m r a t e . F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a ll in g f o r t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a ft e r 8 a n d d o u b le t im e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s id e r e d
a s t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 h o u r s . S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a ll in g f o r n o p a y o r p a y at a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s a n d t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a ft e r 4 0 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t im e an d o n e - h a l f
a ft e r 40 h o u r s .
5 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l i c y , o v e r t i m e is not w o r k e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 U n d e r th e p r i n c i p l e o f th e fl u c t u a t in g w o r k w e e k , p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k is d e t e r m in e d b y d iv id in g th e w e e k l y s a l a r y b y th e t o t a l n u m b e r o f h o u r s w o r k e d d u r in g th e w e e k (to o b t a in the
b a s e h o u r ly r a t e f o r th e w e e k ) a n d th e n a p p ly in g th e e s t a b l is h e d o v e r t i m e p a y r a t io f o r o v e r t i m e h o u r s w o r k e d .
T h u s , th e h o u r ly r a t e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e d e c r e a s e s a s th e n u m b e r o f h o u r s
w o rk e d in c r e a s e s .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

26

27
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g. , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

28

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supeiyisor. Woiks fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does n otin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

29
SECRETA RY— Continue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wi de functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e .g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. (’’Full” telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e .g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator. )

30
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31
PROFESSI ONAL AND T ECHNI CAL
DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN— Continue d

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

MAI NT ENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs auto mobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining,
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L A ND M A T E R I A L MO VE MENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e eighth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1585, N a tion a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 ^
F ifty cen ts
a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted b elow . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u est. B u lletin s m a y b e purchased from the Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in side fron t c o v e r .
A re a

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e

A k ron , O hio, Ju ly 1967 1_______________________________
A lbany— ch en ecta d y^ T roy, N .Y ., A pr. 1967 __________
S
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ,, A pr. 1 9 67_____________________
A llentow n— ethlehem —E aston, P a.— J .,
B
N.
F eb. 1967 ______________________________________________
A tlanta, G a ., M ay 1967 _________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d ., O ct. 1967_____________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r— ra n ge, T e x ., May 1967____
P
O
B irm in gh am , A la ., A p r. 1967 1 ________________________
B o ise C ity, Idaho, July 1967-----------------------------------------B oston , M a ss .; Sept. 1967 1-------------------------------------------

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cen ts

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D e c. 1967_______________________________
B u rlin gton, V t ., M ar. 1968-------------------------------------------Canton, O hio, A p r. 1 9 67_______________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a ., A pr. 1967 -------------------------------------C h a rlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1967 _____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., A ug. 1967-----------------------------C h ica g o, 111., A p r. 1967 1 ______________________________
K
In
C incin nati, O hio— y.— d ., M ar. 1967 _______ _________
C levela n d , O hio, Sept. 1967____________________________
C olu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1967_____________________________
D a lla s, T e x ., N ov. 1967_____________________________ ___

1575-41,
157 5-4 8 ,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

R
M
111.,
D avenport— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
O ct. 1967____________________________ -__________________
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1968 1_______________________________
D en v er, C o lo ., D e c. 1967 1_______________________ ______
D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb. 1968 1--------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1968 1 _____________________________
F o rt W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1 967___________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., Ju ly 1967____________________________
G re e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1967 ------------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., June 1967 ______________________________
In dianapolis, In d., D e c. 1967 1_________________________
Jackson, M is s ., F eb. 1968 1____________________________
J a ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1968---------------------------------------K ansas C ity, M o.— a n s ., Nov. 1967 1__________________
K
L aw ren ce— a v erh ill, M a ss.— .H ., June 1967 ------------H
N
L ittle R ock—
North L ittle R ock , A r k ., July 1967---------L os A n g eles—Long B each and A naheim —
Santa A n a G arden G r o v e , C a lif., M a r. 1967 1 __________________
L o u is v ille , K y.— d ., F eb. 1968________________________
In
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1967 ______________________________
M an ch ester, N .H ., July 1967___________________________
M em ph is, T e n n .-A r k ., Jan. 1 968 1-------------------------------M iam i, F la ., D e c. 1967 1___________________ _______ _____
Midland and O d e ss a , T e x ., June 1967--------------------------

B ulletin number
and p rice

M ilw aukee, W is ., A pr. 1967 1 ___________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 19 6 8 ________ _______
M uskegon— uskegon H eig h ts, M ich ., May 1967 _________
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J., F eb. 1968 1 _____________
New Haven, C onn., Jan. 1 9 6 8 1 __________________________
New O rlea n s, L a ., F eb. 1968___________________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1 ------------------------------------------N orfolk — ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Ham pton, V a., June 1967 1 -------------------------------------------O klahom a C ity, O kla., July 1967-----------------------------------

1530-76,
157 5-4 7,
1530-72,
1575-54,
1 575-34,
1575-46,
1530-83,

30cents
30cents
20cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
40cents

1530-82,
1575-4,

25cents
20cents

30 cen ts
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Iow a, O ct. 1 967 1 ________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—
P aterson — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., May 1967 ____________
C
P
P h iladelph ia, P a.— .J., Nov. 19671 ____________________
N
P h oenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1967______________________________
P ittsbu rgh, P a ., Jan. 19 6 8 ---------------------------------------------P ortla n d, M aine, Nov. 19 671 ___________________________
P ortlan d, O re g .— ash., May 1967 _____________________
W
P rov id e n ce —
Paw tucket— arw ick, R .I.— a s s .,
W
M
May 1967 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------R aleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1 9 6 7 1 ---------------------------------------------R ich m on d, V a., Nov. 1967 1 -------------------------------------------R o ck fo rd , 111., May 1967 ________________________________

1575-21,
1530-67,
157 5 -4 0 ,
1530-59,
1575-44,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
30cents
25cents
25cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1 575-27,
1530-68,

30cents
25cents
25cents
20cents

1575-12,
1575-51,
1575-38,
1575-52,
1575-45,
1 575-22,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1575-36,

25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
35 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Jan. 1968__________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1967________________________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 _________________________
R
O
San B ern ardin o— iv e r s id e — n tario, C a lif.,
Aug. 1967 1-----------------------------------------------------------------------San D ieg o, C a lif., Nov. 1967------------------------------------------San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1968_____________
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1 -----------------------------------------Savannah, G a., May 1967_______________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1 967 1 ----------------------------------------------Seattle— verett, W ash., N ov. 1967 1 ____________________
E

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30cents
20cents
25cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents

1575-49,
157 5 -3 3 ,
1575-30,
1530-77,
157 5 -2 ,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1530-65,
157 5 -5 0 ,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1575-32,
1575-28,
1530-78,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1967 1________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1968 1----------------------------------------Spokane, W ash., June 1967 1 ____________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e te r sb u r g , F la ., Aug. 1967_______________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., F eb. 1968_________________________
M
Trenton, N .J., N ov. 1967-----------------------------------------------W ashington, D .C .— d.— a ., Sept. 1967________________
M
V
W aterbury, C onn., A p r. 1968 1--------------------------------------W a terloo, Iowa, Nov. 1967_______________________________
W ichita, K a n s., D e c. 1967_____________ _______________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss., June 1967__________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb. 1968 1....... .......... -............. - ...........................
Youngstown— arren , O hio, Nov. 1967 1________________
W

1575-17,
1575-56,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1575-43,
1575-24,
1 575-1 1,
1575-53,
1575-26,
1 575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1575-25,

25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
30 cents
25cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102