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i /, 3 /
L
/

Dayton & Montgomery Co.
P u b lic L ib rary

JUL 2

1968

DOCUMENT COLLECTION

B u lle t in

N o. 1 5 7 5 -4 1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New England
J oh n F . K e n n e d y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G overn m en t C en ter
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s to n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




Mid-Atlantic
341 Ninth A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e St. , N E .
A t la n t a , G a . 3 0309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 S ou th D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 6 06 04
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
4 50 G o ld e n G a te A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a li f . 9 4 1 0 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T h ir d F l o o r
911 W a ln u t St.
K a n s a s C it y , M o . 6 4 1 0 6
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The Buffalo, New York, Metropolitan Area
December 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-41
May 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents






Preface
The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual o c c u p a ­
tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d esign ed to p r o v id e data
on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ­
ta r y w ag e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d eta iled data by s e le c t e d in d u stry
d iv is io n fo r ea ch o f the a r e a s studied, fo r g eog ra p h ic r e g io n s , and
fo r the U nited S ta tes. A m a jo r co n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the
n e e d fo r g r e a te r in sig h t in to ( l ) the m ov em en t o f w ages by o c c u p a ­
tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and le v e l o f
w a g e s am ong a r e a s and in d u str y d iv is io n s .

sen ts in fo rm a tio n w h ich h as b een p r o je c t e d fr o m in div idu al m e t r o p o li­
tan a r e a data to r e la te to g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s and the United States.
E ig h ty -s ix a r e a s cu r re n tly a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m . In
each a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on occu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s is c o lle c t e d annually
and on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s
b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lletin p r e se n ts r e su lts o f the su rv e y in B u ffa lo, N . Y . ,
in D e ce m b e r 1967.
The Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as
d efin ed by the B u reau o f the Budget th rough A p r il 1967, c o n s is t s o f
E r ie and N ia ga ra C ou n ties.
T h is study w as con d u cted in the Bu­
r e a u ^ re g io n a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N . Y . , H e r b e r t B ie n s to c k , D i­
rector.
The study w as under the g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f F r e d e r ic k W .
M u e lle r , A s sis ta n t R eg ion a l D ir e c to r o f O p e ra tio n s.

At the end o f e a ch s u r v e y , an in dividu al a rea b u lletin p r e ­
sen ts su r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a ch a r e a studied. A fte r c o m p le tio n o f a ll
o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a round o f s u r v e y s, a tw o -p a r t
s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T he fir s t p a rt b rin g s data fo r ea ch o f
the m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lletin . The se co n d p a rt p r e ­

Contents

P age

In tro d u ctio n ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g r o u p s ________________________________________________________________________________

1
3

T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin sco p e o f su rvey and n u m ber s t u d ie d __________________________________________
In d ex es o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e f o r s e le c te d p e r io d s ___________________________________________________________________ ________
O ccu p a tio n a l
A - 1. O ffic e
A - l a . O ffic e
A - l b . O ffic e

e a r n in g s: *
o c cu p a tio n s —
SMS A— en and w o m e n ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
m
o c cu p a tio n s — anufacturing—E r ie County— en and w om en _________________________________________________________________________
M
m
o c cu p a tio n s — anufacturing—N iagara County— en and w o m e n ________________________________________________ ______________________
M
m




* N O TE :

S im ila r tabu lation s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er a r e a s .

(See in s id e b a ck c o v e r .)

C u rren t r e p o rts on o ccu p a tion a l earn in g s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s in the
B u ffa lo a re a a r e a ls o av ailab le fo r flo u r and oth er g ra in m ill p r o d u c ts (F e b r u a r y 1967),
and h o sp ita ls (Ju ly 1966); and on ea rn in g s on ly fo r s e le c t e d fo o d s e r v ic e occu p a tio n s
(D e c e m b e r 1967). Union s c a le s , in d ica tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay l e v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le fo r bu ildin g
c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g; lo c a l-t r a n s it op era tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s ,
and a llie d o c cu p a tio n s.

iii

2
3

5
8
9

Contents— Continued
Page
T a b le s— Continued
A.

O ccu p a tion a l ea rn in g s *— Continued
A - 2.
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o ccu p a tio n s—SMS A— en and w om en ________________________________________________________________________
m
A -2 a .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—M an ufacturin g—E r ie County— en and w om en _______________________________________________
m
A -2 b .
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— an ufacturin g— ia ga ra County— en and w o m e n ________________
M
N
m
A -3 .
O ffic e , p r o fe s s io h a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
SMSA— en and w om en com b in ed ____________________________________________________
m
A - 3 a . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— anufacturing—E r ie County— en and w om en c o m b i n e d _____________________________
M
m
A - 3 b . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—M an ufacturin g— ia ga ra County— en and w o m e n c o m b in e d _________________________
N
m
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p o w e r p i ant o c cu p a tio n s— M S A ___________________________________________________________________________________________
S
A -4 a .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s — anufacturing—E r ie C o u n t y _________________________________________________________________
M
A -4 b .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c cu p a tio n s — an ufacturin g— ia ga ra County _____________________________________________________________
M
N
A - 5.
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s — M S A ____________________________________________________________________________________
S
A -5 a .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s— an ufacturin g—E r ie C ou n ty____________________________________________________________
M
A -5 b .
C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s— an ufacturin g—N ia ga ra C o u n ty _______________________________________________________
M

A p p en d ix.

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




iv

10
11
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
20
21

22

Area Wage Survey—
—
The Buffalo, N.Y., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U.S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con d u cts su rv e y s of occu p a tion a l earn in gs
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an a rea w id e b a s is .

O ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t and earn in g s data a r e shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w eek ly sch edule
in the g iven occu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a tio n . E a rn in gs data ex clu d e p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and late
sh ifts. N on p rod u ction bon u ses a re ex clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - li v i n g a llo w ­
an ces and in cen tive ea rn in g s a re in clu ded . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs are
r e p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard w ork w eek (rou n ded to the n e a r e st h alf hour) fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s
r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r
o v e rtim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p re m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w e e k ly earn ings
fo r th ese occu p a tion s have been rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r.

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u rre n t occu p a tion a l em p loym en t and
e a rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the esta b lish m en ts
v is it e d by B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la st p re v io u s su rv e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e re m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts rep ortin g unusual changes
sin ce the p r e v io u s su r v e y .
In e a ch a r e a , data a re obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in six b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tr a n s ­
p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e;
r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jor
in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m these studies are govern m en t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and ex tr a c tiv e in d u stries. E s ta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d num ber of w o rk e r s are om itted b e ca u se
they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p loym en t in the occu p a tion s studied
to w a rra n t in clu s io n . S ep a ra te tabulations are p rov id ed fo r ea ch of the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu blica tion c r it e r ia .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w id e e s t i­
m a tes.
In d u stries and esta b lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b
staffin g and, thus, con trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e stim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay re la tio n s h ip obtain able fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a te ly the w age sp re a d or d iffe r e n tia l m ain tain ed am ong jo b s in
individual e sta b lis h m e n ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v era g e pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occu p a tion s should not be
assu m ed to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the s e x e s w ithin
in dividual e sta b lis h m e n ts. Other p o s s ib le fa c to r s w h ich m a y c o n t r ib ­
ute to d iffe r e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e sta b lis h e d rate ra n g e s , sin ce on ly the actu al rates
paid in cu m bents a re c o lle c te d ;, and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s are c la s s ifie d a p p ro p r ia te ly w ithin the
sam e s u rv e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m ­
p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed
in in dividual e sta b lish m en ts and allow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong
e sta b lish m en ts in the s p e c ific duties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se su r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sam ple b a sis b e ca u se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rvey in g all e sta b lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g rea ter p r o p o r tio n of
la r g e than o f s m a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is studied. In com binin g the data,
h o w e v e r, all e sta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir ap p rop ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied are p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry grouping and a r e a ,
e x ce p t fo r th ose b elow the m in im u m size studied.

O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in all
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber a c ­
tually su rv e y e d .
B e c a u se of d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tion a l stru ctu re
am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s of o ccu p a tion a l em p loym en t o b ­
tained fr o m the sa m ple o f e sta b lish m en ts studied se r v e only to in dicate
the r e la tiv e im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s studied. T h ese d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u ­
pation al stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n ­
ings data.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in g s
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study are com m on to a v a r ie ty of
m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u factu rin g in d u strie s , and are o f the fo llo w ­
ing ty p es: ( l) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te ch n ica l; (3) m a in ­
ten an ce and p ow erp la n t; and (4) cu stod ia l and m a teria l m ov em en t. O c ­
cu pa tion al c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n iform set of jo b d e s c r ip tio n s
d esig n ed to take a cco u n t of in ter esta b lish m en t v a ria tion in duties w ithin
the sam e jo b . The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c te d fo r study are lis te d and d e ­
s c r ib e d in the ap pendix. The ea rn in g s data follow in g the jo b title s are
fo r a ll in d u str ie s c o m b in e d . E a rn in gs data fo r som e of the occu p a tion s
lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , or fo r so m e in du stry d iv is io n s w ithin occu p a tio n s,
a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta bles b eca u se eith er (l) e m p lo y ­
m ent in the o c cu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it
p r e se n ta tio n , or (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al e s ­
ta b lish m e n t data.




E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u pplem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
T ab u lation s on s e le c t e d e sta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su pple­
m en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) a re not p r e se n te d in this
bu lletin .
In form a tion fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c t e d bien n ia lly .
T h ese tabu lation s on m in im u m en tran ce s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n ce d
w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n tia ls ; sch ed u led w eek ly h ou rs; paid
h olid a y s; paid v a ca tio n s ; and health, in su ra n ce , and p en sion plans are
p re se n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta bles) in p re v io u s b u lletin s fo r this a rea .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n t s an d W o r k e r s W ithin S co p e o f S u rv ey and N u m b er S tudied in B u ffa lo (E r ie and N ia g a ra C o u n t ie s ), N . Y . , 1
b y M a jo r In d u s try D iv is io n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1967

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l is h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

I n d u s try d i v is i o n

N u m b er o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tudied

S tu d ied
N u m b er

P ercen t

207

2 4 6 ,1 0 0

100

172, 870

_____________

_

M a n u fa ctu r in g
E r ie C ounty _____________________________________
N ia g a r a C o u n ty _________________________ ______ _
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
_____ __ ____________ ______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5
__ _______ _______
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ____ ___________________ __
R e t a il t r a d e 6 ____________ _________ __ ____ _
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te * ____ .
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ___________ ___ __ _________ ______

50
50
50

381
298
83
374

104
71
33
103

163, 900
122, 300
4 1 ,6 0 0
8 2, 200

67
50
17
33

121, 860
8 7 ,5 8 0
3 4, 280
5 1 ,0 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

64
77
123
42
68

27
14
28
13
21

2 3 ,1 0 0
6, 400
3 2 ,9 0 0
1 0 ,6 0 0
9, 200

9
3
13
4
4

1 9 ,1 3 0
1 ,4 8 0
2 0 ,2 6 0
5, 110
5 ,0 3 0

A ll d i v i s i o n s _________________

_ _755_

1 T h e B u ffa lo S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B ud get th rou g h A p r i l 1967, c o n s is t s o f E r ie an d N ia g a ra
C o u n t ie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh ow n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s i z e an d c o m p o s it io n
o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1) pla n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s t a b lis h m e n t da ta c o m p il e d c o n s id e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C l a s s if ic a t i o n M anual w a s u s e d in c l a s s ify in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n . A ll o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h in d u s ­
t r i e s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a uto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e st a b lis h m e n t .
4 In c lu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f
data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou g h data to m e r i t
s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2) the s a m p le w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) re s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a t e
p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls and m o t e ls ; la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e l ig i o u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T w o - t h ir d s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the B u ffa lo a r e a w e r e e m ­
p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f i r m s . T h e fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u str y g ro u p s and
s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g :
I n d u s try g r o u p s
P r i m a r y m e t a ls i n d u s t r i e s _________20
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t __________ 20
C h e m ic a ls and a ll ie d
p r o d u c t s ____________________________ 9
E l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t and
s u p p l i e s __________________ ________ 17- 9
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ________ 8
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _____
8
F o o d and k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ________
6
P a p e r an d a ll ie d p r o d u c t s _______
4
P r in t in g and p u b l is h i n g ____________ 4
S ton e, c l a y , an d g la s s p r o d u c t s __ 4

S p e c ific in d u s t r ie s
M o t o r v e h ic le s and e q u ip m e n t _____16
B la s t fu r n a c e and b a s ic
s t e e l p r o d u c t s ______________________ 15
E l e c t r i c a l in d u s t r ia l a p p a r a t u s ____ 6
I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s ________________ 6
A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ___________________ 4
G e n e r a l in d u s tr ia l m a c h in e r y
and e q u ip m e n t ______________________ 4

E r ie C ounty c o n t r ib u t e d o v e r w h e lm in g ly to the a r e a ’ s m a n u fa ctu rin g e m p lo y m e n t in
a ll but t h r e e m a jo r in d u s tr y g r o u p s . N ia g a ra C ounty e m p lo y e d m o r e w o r k e r s in s to n e , c la y ,
and g la s s p r o d u c t s ; p a p e r and a ll ie d p r o d u c t s ; and the c h e m i c a ls in d u s t r y .
T h is in fo r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l em p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p il e d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i ff e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y a s sh ow n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r ce n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s. The in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a r e a s u r v e y con d u cted
betw een Ju ly I960 and June 1961).
Su btractin g 100 fr o m the in d ex
y ie ld s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e in w a g es fr o m the b a se p e r io d to the
date o f th e in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e r e la te to
w a g e ch a n g es b e tw e e n th e in d ica ted d a tes.
T h ese e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the esta b lish m en ts in the a r e a .
M eth od o f C om pu tin g

in the o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e con sta n t w eigh ts r e fle c t b a se y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earn in g s fo r
ea ch o c cu p a tio n w e re m u ltip lie d by the o c cu p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p r o d u c ts f o r a ll o c cu p a tio n s in the g rou p w e r e to ta le d . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d by dividing the a g g re g a te fo r
the la te r y e a r by the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltant
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r c e n t, sh ow s the p e r ce n ta g e ch a n ge. The in dex
is the p r o d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
fo r the next su c ce e d in g y e a r and continu in g to m u ltip ly (com pou nd)
ea ch y e a r ’ s r e la t iv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r ’ s in d ex . A v e r a g e earn ings
f o r the fo llo w in g o c cu p a tio n s w e r e u sed in com pu tin g the w age tren d s:

E a ch o f the s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p w a s a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a se d on its p r o p o rtio n a te em p loy m en t
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating- machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Buffalo (Erie and Niagara Counties), N. Y . ,
December 1967 and December 1966, and Percents o f Increase fo r Selected P eriods
Indexes
(December 1960=1 (X))

Industry and occupational group

Percents o f increase

December 1966 December 1965 December 1964 December 1963 December 1962 December 1961 December 1960
October 1959
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
December 1967 December 1966
December 1967 December 1966 December 1965 December 1964 December 1963 December 1962 December 1961 December 1960

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-----Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )----Skilled maintenance ( m e n )--------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

125.6
127.2
127.6
123.4

118.6
119.8
119.2
117.5

5 .9
6 .2
7 .0
5 .0

3 .5
4 .8
4 .8
2 .9

3.6
4 .5
3 .9
1.6

2. 7
3 .3
3 .0
3 .6

2 .2
1. 9
1. 7
2.3

3. 1
1.9
1.9
3.6

2. 2
2 .0
2. 5
2. 3

3.6
5. 8
4.3
4. 5

Manufacturing:
O ffice clerical (men and w o m en )-----Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )----Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) --------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

122. 5
125.8
127.1
119.3

117.6
119.0
118.7
114.7

4.1
5. 7
7.1
4 .0

2 .8
4. 7
4 .9
2. 5

3 .9
4. 5
3. 9
2. 1

3. 2
3. 2
2 .9
1.8

1.6
1. 9
1. 5
2 .6

2 .9
1. 9
2 .0
3 .0

2. 1
1. 5
2.3
1. 9

3.6
6.2
4.3
4. 1




4
F o r o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tren d s re la te to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w ork w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e o f ea rn in g s fo r o v e r t im e . F o r plant w o rk e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e changes in a v e ra g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s, exclu d in g
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts. The p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
pa tion s and in clu de m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p ortan t jo b s w ithin
e a c h grou p .

C hanges in the la b or fo r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o ccu p a tion a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu a l w age ch a n g e s. It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ages m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n ts
en te re d the a re a o r expanded th eir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w a g es
m a y have rem a in ed r e la tiv e ly con sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n ts
en tered the a r e a .

L im ita tion s o f Data
The in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n ge, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age ch a n g es, (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
vidu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) changes in a v era g e
w a g es due to ch a n ges in the la b o r f o r c e re su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




The u se of constan t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f changes in the p r o p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
c lu d ed in the data. The p e r ce n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t on ly ch a n ges
in a v era g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
ch a n ges in standard w ork s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in dex es and p e r ce n ta g e s o f change any sig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u se d
b y changes in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

A, Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —

S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

*
50

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
55

$
60

$

$

65

70

$
75

$

$
80

85

$

%

90

95

$
100

$
105

S

1
110

115

S
120

*

$
125

130

S
140

$
150

i
160

and
under

170
and

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

-

-

-

3
3

2

-

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

120

140

150

160

6

11

11
11

3

4
4
-

14

21
11
10

51
41
1C

62
51

7

8

52
52
-

170 o v e r

MEN
CLERKS* ACCO UN TI NG . CLASS A M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG
-------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S -------CLERKS, AC CO UN TI NG ,

274
218
56
28

39.5
39.5
38.5
39.5

137.50
141.00
124.50
142.00

140.50
143.50
128.00
139.00

$
$
12 6.50-155.00
13 1. 50 -1 56 .0 0
10 4. 00-140.00
13 0.00-155.00

-

98.0 0- 12 4. 50

2

-

9
8
1

6

a
3

-

1
2

8
6

14

li

12
2
2

11

11
11

-

CLASS B -

74

39.0 112.50 114.00

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

6

2

6

-

9

9

11

7

6

8

1

1

-

1

CLERKS, O R DE R ------------------

79

40.0 125.50 121.50 11 0. 00 -1 43 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

16

14

5

-

11

l?

-

1

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------

1C2

40.0 130.50 129.50 110.50-156.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5

6

L

11

8

3

1C

6

10

4

34

2

-

OFFICE BOYS -------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------

93
60

39.0
39.0

_

1

7
3

11

12
12

21
12

8
8

5
5

6
6

8

9

_

_

1

3

4
3

5

“

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------

72
53

39.0 117.50 117.00 10 9. 00-123.00
39.0 112.50 115.50 10 5.50-120.00

_

_

3
3

2
2

9
a

5
4

11
8

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

79

39.5

90.00

78.00

71 .0 0- 11 8. 50

-

2

6

7

20

1

1

i

BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------

54

38.0

78.50

72.50

64.00- 93.00

-

4

13

5

11

15

1

3

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

64

39.5

98.50

98.00

86 .0 0-114.00

-

2

18

1

72 .5 0- 87.50
78 .0 0- 97.50
69.00- 86.50

_
-

_
-

3

9
1
8

_
-

7
7
29
13
16

23
17

9
9
1
1

82.00
82.50

79.00
80.50

7 2 .0 0- 94.50
74 .0 0- 92.50

”

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

18
15

12
11

1
1

2

15

13

l

-

?

2

1

10

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

5

l

WOMEN

12

B O O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------- ----------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ -----

159
61
98

39.0
39.0
39.0

81.50
88.50
77.00

CL ERKS, AC CO UN TI NG , CLASS A -------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

306
181
125
41

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

112.50
113.00
111.50
132.50

111.50 94 .0 0- 12 5. 50
113.00 95.5 0- 12 7. 00
109.00 92.5 0- 12 3. 50
135.00 116.00-155.00

_
-

_
-

76.00- 96.50
.95.00 94.50 82 .00-105.00
82.00
79.50 74.00- 89.00
117.00 114.00 102.50-138.00

-

CLERKS* AC CO UN TI NG , CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------- -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

641
296
345
25

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

CL ER KS , FILE, CLASS B --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

189
60
129

38.0
40.0
37.5

76.50
91.50
69.50

CLERKS', FILE, CLASS C --------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

136
90

38.5
37.5

6 8 .0 0

CLERKS, O R D E R ----------------- ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

137
89

39.0
39 .C

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

284
173

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




111

31

8 8 .0 0

80.00
83.00
77.50

8 6.0 0

8

1

2

2

2

5

1

l

9

3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

22

19
14
5

20

17
3

1

1

13

7
3
4
4

12

21

5

15
3

31

-

12

27
17

12

16

12

19

10

20

2
1

-

_
-

5
5

6
1

16
9
7
-

27
19

27
15

20

17

14

10

8
2

12

6

7

5

”

1
1

43

31
1

30
“

65
26
39
3

6
1

6

4

2

91
30
61
“

25

8

64
35
29
“

31
25

35

108
19
89

53
47

-

60
32
28
~

“

1

20
12
8
8

11

-

1
1

15

14

11

“

4

12
2

5
“

27
7

21

62.50- 85.00
78 .5 0- 10 9. 50
61.00- 73.00

16
16

32
32

15

15

6

11

5

2
2

11

39
7
32

14
4

6 6.0 0

10

9

4

6

“

67.00
63.00

61.00- 74.00
59.00- 67.50

3
3

26
26

30
30

25
18

23

13

7

1

5

-

6

1

89.00
96.00

82.00- 98.00
89 .00-101.50

2

4
~

6

2
1

3
3

5

31

~

1

21
21

15
15

24
24

9
9

“

39.5 1 0 2 . 0 0 100.50
39.5 105.50 103.00
39.0
96.50
97.00
39.5 112.50 113.50

83 .00-114.50
86 .00-121.50
76 .50-109.00
90 .0 0-135.00

_
-

15

15

28

12

28
18

25

6

9
3

3

10

17

1

-

16
9
3

36
19
17
8

14
8
2
6
6

-

11
2
2

_

_

-

-

3

25

11

2
1
1

12

5

13
13

6
6

_

12
8

2
2

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

“

“

“
“

1
1

3
3

_
~

“

_
-

“

“

2
2

1
1

5
5

1
1

-

-

5
4

21

12

7

9
9

l

13

1

8

-

8

5
5

-

“

-

_
-

6

90.00
97.50

6
2

6
6

3

63.00

-

69.50
87.50

11

-

1

1

7

-

1

1
1

1
6

30
13
17

15

-

10

28
23
5

“

-

3

1

-

5

-

11

-

6
6

-

23
17

7

13

5

6
6

2

12
1

-

-

-

~
1

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—SMS A—Men and Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Number

$

S

$

$

$

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

$

S

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

55

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

over

-

8

23
23

39
24
15

30

26
18

23
3

18
7

18

12

2

23
15

6
6

6
2

11

16

8

“

3
3
~

7
7
-

1
1

20

3
3
-

-

8

-

1
1

18

~

~

“

1
1

2

12

-

39
24
15

32
16
16

27
19

21
8

38
30

1
1

-

8

9
9
“

3
3

13

7
3
4

37

8

11
10
1

~

“

75
51

43
37

28
26

34
29
5

37
34
3

5
5

7
7
-

-

9
9
“

3

6
6

3
3
-

-

-

-

l

1
1

113
85
28

131
SI
40

57
29
28

27
19

40
37
3

30
25
5
-

50
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

and

WOMEN - CONTINUED
C O M P TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU PI NG -----------------

235
ID A
131

39.5
AO • 0
39.C

$
82.50
89.00
77.00

$
78.50
79.50
76.00

$
68.5071.0065 .5 0-

$
93.00
99.00
88.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

241
129

99.00
99.50
98.50

97.00
96.00
97.50

86.00-109.50
86.50-104.50
85.50- 11 6. 00

_

_

_

“

-

-

11 2

39.5
AO. 0
39.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

AC 2
266
136

39.5
AO. 0
38.5

8 6 . 50

83.50
88.50
77,50

76.50- 95.50
81.00-100.00
73.00- 82.00

-

-

6
2

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1A7
59

69.50
72.50
65.00

63.00- 75.00
68.00- 77.00
62.50- 74.00

1

88

38.5
39.5
38.0

1

2
1
1

S E C R E T A R I E S 4--------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

1,421
937
A8 A
132

39.0
39.5
38 . C
38.5

97 .00-129.00
11A.00 113.50
116.50 116.00 100.50-129.00
90.00-129.00
1 1 0 . 0 0 108.50
127.00 130.50 12 1. 50-134.50

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A --------------

9A

39 .C 131.50 129.00 117.00-150.00

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

322
188
13A

39.0 1 2 2 . 0 0 122.50 107.50-133.50
39.5 125.50 126.50 114.00-134.50
38.0 117.00 1 1 A . 0 0 103.00-131.00

-

_
-

“

SE CRETARIES, CLASS C -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

A2 e
3A6
82
A3

39.5
39.5
38. 5
38.5

122.50 104.00-132.00
1 2 2 . 0 0 10A.00-131.00
99 .00-133.00
117.00 126.00
133.00 132.50 13 0. 50-135.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

517
323
19 A

39.0 100.50 1 0 0 . 0 0
39.5 1 0 2 . 0 0 103.50
37.5
98.00
91.50

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GENERAL -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

-

8

-

2

3
9

4

32
13
19

42
24
18

72
19
53

24

6

2

53

21

13
5
8

“

-

10

A
A
~

1

5
16

15
5

_

11

35
26
9
14
5
9

42
32
10

62
39
23

127
52
75

84
43
41

1

77
52
25
5

-

-

-

2

2

_

-

-

10

-

-

3
7

12

-

-

6
1

-

-

2
2

3

5

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

8

19

-

5
5
-

A
A

8
11

28
26

87.00-113.50
88.50-114.00
86.50-109.00

_
-

_
-

2

1

11

2

37
27

42
32

9A9
6 A8
3C1
10A

39.0
80.00-101.00
91.00
89.00
39.5
80 .00-100.00
90.50
89.50
38.0
92.00
87.50
78.50-112.00
39.0 11A.50 116.50 111.00-119.50

-

~

ST ENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

A7A
30 6
168

39.5 106.00 105.50
94.50-117.50
A 0 .0 1 1 2 . 0 0 110.50 100.50-121.50
84.50-103.00
39.0
95.00
95.00

_
-

_
-

_

SWIT CH BO AR D OP ERATORS, CLASS A ---MA NUFACTURING — -------------------

115
78

A0 •0 103.00 106.00
A 0 . 5 10A.50 106.50

95 .50-113.50
95.50-115.00

_

S W I T CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS e ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

10 7
91

38.0
38.0

66.00- 90.00
65.00- 84.00

4
4

SW IT CH BO AR D O P E R A T CR -R EC EP TI CM IS TS MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

307
159
1A8
26

73 .50-100.00
39.0
86.50
86.50
39.5
87.50
77.00-100.50
87.50
38.5
85.50
8A.00 72.00- 10 0. 00
39.0 105.50 1 1 1 . 0 0 106.00-114.50

5

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------- -----------

69

39.0 109.00 10A.00

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f talj>le,




90.50
78.00
69.50
72.50
6 8.0 0

1 20 .00
121 .00

79.00
76.50

75.00
71.00

99 .00-121.50

-

42
2
-

-

2

1

-

1

-

1

2

12

104
90
14
-

10

22

176
109
67
45

21

3

1

2

3

1

8

13

12

6

10

12

9

10

4

21

15

23
17

35
23

7

6

2

5
4

5

6

12

7

71
53
18

15

10

30
7
23

27

5
16

23
9
14

9

5

1

17
14
3

42
40

24
18

28
26

23
23

8
8

2
2

-

-

-

2

5

69
41
28
28

8
8

6

36
31
5

16

2

28
25
3
-

71
63

2

14
9
5

39
23
16

34
25
9

44
31
13

55
37
18

49
46
3

33
33
“

25

25

20

20

8

10

91
30
61

5

17

5
15

9
4
5

_
“

_
-

“

78
64
14

105
92
13

85
77

39
33

33
16
17
17

72
27
45
45

10
2
8
8

12

8

3
3
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

48
40

31
26
5

43
41

9
8

34
34

_
-

-

2

16
7
9

1

~

5
5

4
4

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

15

9
88

107

120

152

88

74
A6

101

-

52
36
-

_

9

16

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

9

2

3
3

15
15

22
22

10

11
10

_

16

10

66

12

4

25
25
-

11

-

1
2

82
38

1

19

-

120

36
14
22

36

1
1

66

2

A
A

_

-

106

8

-

1

108
81
27
l

10

1
1

1

4

51

40
9

20

8

-

10
6
6

8

~

1

6

6

3

6
6

31

-

27
7

60
52

16

20

25

65
35
30

45
24

9

40
26
14

21

8

8

3

11

7
5

2
2

16
7

10
8

26
16

10

9

5

12
8

4

7

_

2

6

13
9

_
-

_

1

2
2

25

25

33
13

15
5

3
3

_

_

_

11

20

5
5
5

-

21

26
15

_

1A

-

-

-

-

-

22

_

_

l

1

_

9

-

-

5

-

4

6

15
51

"

“

~

3

1

-

_

_

_

-

5

6

A

”
-

"

~

3

2

4

~

11

20

13
7
7
19

33
19
14
5

1

11

10

-

10

~

-

5

12
12

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

_
~
_

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—SMS A—Men and W omen— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ) , N , Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
W e e k ly e a rn in g s ^

N u m b e r of wo rk er s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

(stan d a rd )

u
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
o*ker*

$

A venge
w e e k ly
h ou rs 1
(sta n d a rd )

M e a n 2*
4

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

%

$

50
and
under
55

55

S

$

60

65

70

65

70

-

4

S

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

75

80

85

90

75

80

85 . 90
.

95

100

6

15

13

11

13

8

2

17
4

4

2

1

11

10

36
24

35
17
18

48
30
18

68

68

11

~

A3
26
17
14

40
29

5

40
28
5

32
27
5

15

40
28

9
9

31
27
4
4

_
~

95

$

$

$

$

$

i

10 0

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

105

1 10

115

120

125

l}0

140

150

160

170

1

-

-

~

-

~

60

W O ME N - C O N T IN UE D
T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OP ER AT OR S#
G E N E R A L ------ --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

103
57

39*5
39,5

$
$
91.50
89.00
98.00 100.50

TYPISTS. CL AS S A ------- --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S 3— -------------

434
262
172
61

39.0 90.50 90.50 81.50- 10 1. 50
39.5 90.50 91.00 82.00- 10 1. 00
38.0
90.50 90.00 80.50- 10 3. 00
38.0 106.00 107.50 10 1. 00 -1 15 .0 0

TYPISTS, CL AS S B — ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ---PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

805
491
314
52

39.0
39.5
38.0
39.0

77.00
8 0 .0 0
72.50
92.00

74.00
77.00
69.00
92.50

$
$
80 .50-103.00
8 8 .0 0 - l l l . 0 0

66 .50- 86.50
70.00- 90.00
63 .5 0- 77.50
7 7 .0 0- 11 3. 00

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
5
2

18
9
9

12

~

3
3

7
3
4
“

“

157
52
105
7

121

67
54
—

149
97
52
3

95
60
35

49
28

8

3

21

74
60
14
5

2

60
59

38
32

1

6

1

6

3
3

11

11
11

6

8

3
5
5

5
5
18
3
15
15
9
9
9

“

3
3

-

1

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

~

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1

—

-

-

1

—
-

-

~

-

~

1

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , a n d the e a rn in g s c o r r e ­
s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
tha n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th a n the r a t e sh ow n .
T h e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than
th e h ig h e r r a t e .
* T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




8
Table A-la.

Office Occupations—Manufacturing—Erie County—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo ( E r ie C o u n ty ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s i r e c e iv in g s r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n i n g o f —
it

(s ta n d a rd )
N um ber

S ex an d o c c u p a t io n

of
w ork ers

$

A v era g e
w e e k ly
h o u rs 1
(s ta n d a rd )

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

S
>

ii

1i

i•

i►

1i

ii

ii

i.

t

ii

i;

i>

s

$

%

$

$

100

105

1 1 0

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

15S

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

165

160 over

1

1

6

10

11

7

7

1

3

16

14

5

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

4

7

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

6

-

60
M ean2

1I

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

5

6

1

3

1

1

1

1

and
under

65

160
an d

MEN
$
$
$
$
40.0 140.00 142.00 13 1. 50 -1 56 .0 0

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A ---- ----

162

CLERKS* AC COUNTING, CLASS B --------

28

40.0

CLERKS* OR D E R -------------------------

47

40 . 0 118.00 119.50 115.50 -1 23 .5 0

O F 6 ICE BO YS <
---------------------—

51

39.0

80.00

79.0 0

73 .5 0- 88.00

36

40.0

94.50

92.50

71 .0 0- 11 8. 00

44

39.0

1 1 2 .0 0

113.00 10 7. 50 -1 18 .5 0

~
-

3

~

3

10

8

12

10

27

18

19

5

31

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MA CH IN E (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) --- --- ---------- ------------BO OK KE EP I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CL AS S B --- * -------- --------- --------

82.50

78 .00- 88.50

-

5

~

13

7

~

1

-

9 2 .5 0- 12 5. 00

-

-

-

-

9

15

14

12

4

96.00

95.50

84.5 0- 10 4. 50

-

-

17

16

17

22

20

38

18

40.0

89. 50

84. 50

77.0 0— 109.00

7

4

6

11

4

40.0

72.50

73.00

70.50- 76.50

17

8

1

39.0

97.0 0

21

40.0

CLERKS# AC CO UN TI NG , CLASS B --------

194

39.5

CLERKS* FILE*- CLASS B ----- — -------

52

CLERKS* FI L E , CLAS S C -------------- -

34

CLERKS, OR D E R — *------- ---------

83
1 11

1 1 1 .0 0

40.0 102.50

95.50
1 0 1 .0 0

7

11

-

1

3

-

1

-

1

8

5

20

12

15

84.00

78.00

6 9 .5 0- 97.00

-

24

40.0

97.50

95.50

86 .5 0-104.00

-

1

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

225

40.0

89.50

88.50

OFFICE G I RL S --------------------------

42

39.5

70.50

71.50

66 .00- 74.50

o
o

40.0

©

90
119

o

C O MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S ---------------

00

89 .0 0- 10 0. 00
83 .5 0- 11 5. 00

K E Y P UN CH OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A --------

S E CR ET AR IE S3 — ----------------------- —

~

14

10

8

11

9

8

2

8

-

2

1

4

5

15

3

6

4

11

2

1

2

1

1

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

122

CL ERKS, PA YROLL ----------------------

9

109.00

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A --------

84.50

7

2
10

11

5

7

1

14

23

5

10

7
12

11

-

6

-

1

-

-

5

l

-

-

-

-

8

11

1

10

1

2

4

2

3

-

4

-

7

2

15

4

-

1

1

2

-

-

2

-

1

1

-

-

21

16

18

8

30

10

3

1

-

1

1

-

4

-

2

-

-

16

50

28

26

27

32

2

6

-

5

1

1

-

2

1

-

-

-

3

2

1

-

-

-

1

43

-

3

15
20

4

7

3

626

39.5 111.50

1 1 1 .0 0

95 .0 0- 12 5. 50

-

-

5

32

30

46

34

59

50

62

57

50

41

35

36

13

3

3

5

SECR ET AR IE S, CLASS B --------------

137

39.5

124.00 10 6. 00 -1 34 .0 0

-

-

2

-

3

12

1

5

10

8

5

15

10

15

22

14

5

-

1

1

8

SECR ET AR IE S, CLASS C --------------

196

39.5 116.00 114.00 100. 00 -1 31 .0 0

-

-

1

5

4

8

25

6

28

8

17

11

13

19

12

17

3

2

-

3

14

SECRET AR IE S, CLASS 0 --------------

268

39.5

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GENERAL ---------- ----

434

39.5

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, SE NI OR --------------S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----S W IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR - R E C E P T I O N I S T S TR AN 6 C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ----r--- -----------------------

1 2 1 .0 0

22

104.50

88.50- 11 4. 00

-

-

2

27

23

23

20

21

21

34

40

26

17

7

1

2

3

1

-

-

-

86.50

78 .5 0- 98.00

1

6

43

87

58

71

35

40

40

15

8

25

2

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

150

39.5 111.50 108.00

98 .0 0- 12 3. 50

-

-

-

-

7

4

10

26

16

20

15

10

8

6

3

1

9

15

-

-

-

53

40.5 101.50 103.50

88.50- 11 0. 00

-

-

1

9

-

5

2

6

6

12

4

-

1

3

2

1

-

-

1

-

-

127

39.5

87.50

77 .0 0- 10 0. 50

-

15

14

19

11

12

8

18

3

3

1 0 2 .0 0

88.50

8 8 .0 0

12

12

57

39.5

98.00 100.50

8 8

“

-

2

8

2

4

1

11

10

3

11

5

TYPISTS, CLAS S A --------------------- '

170

39.5

92.00

91.00

84.5 0- 10 0. 50

1

3

8

13

19

36

26

19

22

14

1

2

1

1

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

TYPISTS, CLAS S B ---------------------

370

39.5

77.50

75.00

69 .0 0- 87.00

46

60

79

51

25

39

44

13

-

3

-

~

-

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

.0 0 - 1

1 1 .0 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r
sp on d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e

o f pa y

fo r

7

o v e rtim e

at

re g u la r

a n d /o r

p r e m iu m

ra te s),

and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e ­

9
Table A-lb.

Office Occupations—Manufacturing—Niagara County—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C o u n ty ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f —
N um ber

S e x an d o c c u p a t io n

w ork ers

55
M e a n 23

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

60

(

$

65

70

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

120

135

140

150

160

---170
and

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

125

140

150

160

170 o v e r

4

3

2

1

1

2

15

15

5

6

7
-

5

$

$

75

90

-

*

$

85

4

$

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly
h ou rs1
(sta n d a rd )

80

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

i

S

$

and
under

60

65

70

75

80

85

1

MEN
$
CLERKS*

ACCOUNTING, CLASS

A ---------------

$

$

$

56

39.0 143.50 147.50 131.00-157.50

59

39.5 118.00 117.50 106.50-130.00

4

5

1

-

-

WOMEN

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

B ---------------

1C2

CLERKS,

PAYROLL -----------------------------------------

_

8

1

15

-

62

39.5 110.50 109.00

94.00- 13 0. 00

-

CLASS 8 ---------------

41

40.0

94.50

88.50

74.5 0- 11 2. 50

-

SECRETARIES3--------------------------------------------------

311

40.0

126.00

124.50

112. 00-135, 00

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------------------SECRETARIES,

CLASS 0 --------------------------

55.

1

_

4

1

2

6

3

9

8

3

18

8

6

9

7

6

9

3

2

-

-

-

5

-

3

2

7

8

4

3

6

4

2

3

5

2

2

5

1

2

9

3

1

9

-

2

2

3

1

-

4

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

6

9

22

16

20

23

35

50

26

12

13

11

28

12

2

2

13

5

15

2

1

-

l

9

12

10

9

14

18

44

8

4

5

5

17

-

3

6

7

3

1

-

2

-

-

-

-

1

40.0 137.50 131.00 123.00-137.
40.0

o
o

51
150

?

SECRETARIES, CLASS B --------------------------

V

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,

_

1

76 .0 0-106.00

39.0

92.50

_

88.50

CLASS

126.00 116.00-131.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

40.0

1 0 2 .0 0

102.50

88.50-115.00

-

-

-

-

-

9

7

3

4

10

94.00

96>f)0

87.50- 10 1. 50

1

3

8

9

1

16

30

29

52

37

18

8

2

9

8

32

25

16

33

1

-

4

10

-

-

-

1

2

4

5

5

4

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------------

214

39.5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------

156

40.0 112.50 112.50 lfr*. 50 -121.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

16

25

40.0 111.50 114.00 10 7.00-120.50

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS A --------

7

SWITCHBOARD O PE RATCR-RECEPTICNISTS-

32

39.5

85.50

84.00

77 .0 0- 1 0 1 . 0 0

-

-

4

-

11

2

2

4

1

5

1

2

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS A ---------------------------------------

92

40.0

8 8 .0 0

90.50

74.0 0- 10 3. 50

-

4

6

16

4

11

4

14

8

4

iS

5

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ---------------------------------------

121

40.0

86.50.

00-.30

74 .0 0- 97.50

3

6

7

18

9

3

21

15

19

20

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e
s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




o f pay

fo r

o v e rtim e

at

r e g u la r

1

a n d /o r

p r e m iu m

ra te s),

and the e a r n in g s c o r r e ­

10
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ) N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )
N um ber

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
w ork ers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s
*

h o u rs 1
(sta n da rd)

S

75

w e e k ly
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

$

80

t

85

$

90

$

$

95

100

$

105

r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

$
110

i

115

S
120

$

125«

$

13C

S

$

140

150

$

160

180

t

$

$

$

170

190

200

$
210

an d
u n d er

220

an d

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

17C

1£0

190

200

210

220

over

“

“

19
9

24

-

4
4

66

-

80

44

22

£4
79

70
67

13
13

2
2

24
24

3
3

2
2

14
14
“

20
20

24

102

147
125
22

34
24
-

27
27
-

_
-

27

98
95
3

6
6

“

105
82
23

129

22
2

“

-

_
“

“

46
29
17

40
16
24

61
59

35
30
5

1C
10

2
2

1
1

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

4
4

-

10
10

3
3

1
1

“

“

MEN

{DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING -----------

309
267

$
$
40.0 173.50 174.50 15 9. 00-184.00
40.0 176.00 176.50 164.50 -1 85 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

617
540
77

40.0 149.50 150.00 138.00 -1 61 .0 0
40.0 150.00 151.00 138. 50 -1 62 .5 0
39.0 143.00 144.00 13 7.00-151.50

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING -----

317
251

3
3
-

_
-

13

25
25

11
11

66

39.5 1 2 1 . 0 0 124.00 111.00 -1 33 .5 0
40.0 1 2 1 . 0 0 124.00 109. 00 -1 34 .5 0
39.0 121.50 124.50 114.00 -1 28 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------MANUFACTURING -----------

75
58

97.00 1 0 1 . 0 0
40.0
40.0 1 0 1 . 0 0 106.00

82 .00-110.00
83 .0 0-113.50

12
12

19
5

2
2

3

39.5 128.00 131.00 116.50 -1 40 .0 0
40.0 129.00 131.00 1 1 6. 50 -1 41 .0 0

1

2

~

~

~

10

9
9
“

2
2

“

*

11
10
1

11

5

24
16

6

8

24
24
“

1

6
6

14
14

6
6

3
3

4
4

3
3

8
8

8

15
15

17
15

10

3
1

2

1
1

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING -- ------------------------------------

166
150

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r
t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .




s t r a i g h t - t im e

7

s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r

9

15 : 46
15 ! 38

27
26

o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m

~

r a t e s ) , and th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

11
Table A-2a.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Manufacturing—Erie County—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo ( E r ie C o u n ty ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

(stan da rd)

S

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly

N um ber

$

S

h ou rs1
( standard)

w ork ers

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

75
and
u n d er

80

80

of

S ex a n d o c c u p a t io n

$
85

85

$
90

$

105

1 00

&

t

$

-

95

S

t
1 15

110

$
125

120

140

$

S

$

$
130

15C

160

$
170

$

$
180

190

i
200

t
2 2 0

21 0

and
90

95

100

105

115

110

12 0

125

1 30

14C

150

160

17C

ieo

1 90

2 0 0

210

220

over

3

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------------

241

4 0 .0

$
1 7 7 .0 0

$
*
$
1 7 7 .5 0 i 6 8 . 0 0 - 1 8 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------------

4 56

4 0 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------------

216

4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

3

DRAFTSMEN-■TRACERS------------------- ---------- --—

51

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

12

92

4 0 . C 1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-

2

10
5

1

18

76

60

13

2

24

2

12

18

12

66

£6

109

84

31

23

3

-

-

-

10

2

15

24

25

13

48

28

5

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

14

8

7

35

1

6

25

8

9

2

19

14

8

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

3

1

NOMEN

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

------

3

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2 , ta b le A - l .

Table A-2b.

10

1
0

5

10

s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

ra te s),

and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

Professional and Technical Occupations-r-Manufacturing—Niagara County—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C o u n ty ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(stan da rd)

N u m b er
of
w orkers

S e x an d o c c u p a t io n

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly
h ou rs1
(sta n d a rd )

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s ofS

$

95

$

100

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

and
u n d er

105

$

$

$

$

S

t

%

$

S

$

*

S

$

S

t

%

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

180

185

190

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

lt o

165

170

175

180

185

190

195

_

100

M ean2

$

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------------------

26

$
$
$
^
40.0 165.00 167.00 15 6. 50 -1 81 .0 0

DftAFT^MPN.
UfMAi i onciN,

8^

39.5 148.00 145.50 134.00 -1 61 .0 0

35

40.0 129.00 131.50 12 1. 00 -1 45 .0 0

4

58

39.5 130.50 133.50 12 0. 00-140.50

-

n o a c TQMPMe C l a s s
1jn c iv t

“ •***t**-*

c

-

-

-

3

5

-

2

-

1

1

8

-

4

1

2

7

-

2

10

8

8

11

5

10

6

5

6

1

2

1

3

4

3

10

1

1

1

3

2

2

~

~

4

5

8

11

10

2

1

1

1

-

-

1

5

2

-

1

3
~

WOME N
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) ---

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e
t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .




5

-

-

-

-

s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to

12
Tahlfi- A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—SMSA—Men and Women Combined)

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a ) , ;N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)

A v era g e

Occupation and industry division

A v e ra g e

N um ber
of
w orker*

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

Occupation and industry division

hou rs 1
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd ) (sta n d a rd )

OF FI CE OC CU PA TI ON S

OF F I C E OCCU PA TI ON S

BILLERS* MA CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE!
•
--- —
---------— ----NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------- —

86

39,5

25

60.0 103.00

B I L L ER S* M A CH IN E (8G0KKEEPING
MACHINE) —
--------- -

55

38.0

79.00

BO OK K E E P I N G — MA GH IN E OPERATORS*
CLASS A ----------------------- -

66

39.5

N um ber
of
w orker*

BO OK KE EP I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------*
--------- --N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

167
61
106

39.0
39.0
38.5

82.50
88.50
79.00

h o u r, 1
(stan da rd)

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

- CONT IN UE D

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------ <
-------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- «----------- -- --------- --------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------- --------

609
269
160
26

39.5
40.0
38.5
38.5

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S --- ------------- -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------- -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------«------------------— -------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 — ---------------------- --------

260
119

38,5
39*5
38.0
38,0

74.50
77.50'
71.50
87.00

SECRET ARIES 3 ----------■*------------------------------- — -----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------- ---------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2- -----------------•------------------

1,635
969

121

30

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

h o u rs *
(sta n d a rd )

(sta n d a rd )

e a r n in g s 1

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OP ER AT OR S,
CLASS A --- * --- ---------- --- — -------

54

TA BU LA T I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
CLASS B
—— — ———
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ---- ------— -----

141
53

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OP ERATORS,
CLASS C ■ — — —— — — — —— — —— — —
—
NONMANUF ACTU R I N G ----- -----

120

—

88

$
39.5 13 6. 00
39.0 113.50
40 .0 1 2 4 . 5 0
38.5 106.50
37.5
37.5

89.00

102

TR AN SC R I B I N G - M A C H I N E OP ERATORS,
G E N E R A L --- ----- --------------- -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G — ---------- ---- ---

103
57

39.5
39.5

91.50
98.001

134
96

39.0 132.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B — ------------------------—
MANUFA CT UR IN G — ------------------------- ------------ -—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ------- -----

332
197
135

39.0 123.00
39. 5 127.50
38.0 11 7. 00

TYPISTS* CL A S S A -------- ------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G — ------<
---— *
---- -—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----- -— ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2— ------ — ----

443
262
181
70

39.0
9 1 .5 0
39.5
9 0 .5 0
38.0
92.0 0
38.5 10 8. 00

TYPISTS, C L A 2»b 6 — ----------- *--- ---MA NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-’
------ —
----

808
494
314
52

39.0
39,5
38.0
39.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----- ‘
---- ----- -—
M A N U FA CT UR IN G — ---- ---------- ----

309
267

4 0 .0 17 3. 56
40 .0 176.001

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------*---------- -—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ----- *
NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ---- -------------

622
542
80

40.0 149.50!
40 .0 150.50
39.0 14 2. 50

DR AFTSMEN, CLAS S C ----- “
----- ---- --MA N U F A C T U R I N G — ---- — --------- —
NONMANUF ACTUR I N G --- ------ ■------>

321
252
69

39.5 1 2 1 . 0 6
40.0 1 2 1 . 0 0
39 .0 120.50

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ------ *------------ r
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- —

77
60

-------------------------------------

686

CLERKS* AC COUNTING, CLASS A ---- -—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---— — -----------—
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ------ -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S * ---- -----------

580
399
181
69

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.5

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ ---N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------- -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1 ---‘
2
-------- ----

715
362
373
36

39,0 90.50
39.5
98.00
39.0 8 3 .5 0
39.0 119.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------- ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G — ------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- ---------- ---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------- -----s --

628
346
82
63

39.5 1 2 0 . 0 0
39.5 1 2 1 . 0 0
38.5 117.00
38.5 133.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ■
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -----NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -

197
67
130

38.5
60.0
37,5

77.50
92.00
70.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----- --------

517
323
194

39.0 100.50
39.5 1 0 2 . 0 0
37.5 98.00

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C ----NO NMANUF ACTU R I N G ---- -—

160
96

38,5
38.0

6 8 .0 0

CLERKS* O R DE R — ---- ----- ------ -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- ----------- *
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --- ---------------

216
136
80

39.5 103.00
39.5 106.50
39.0 1 0 0 . 0 0

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GENERAL ---------- --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- -------NONMANUF ACTUR I N G ------ -— ----- *
—
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2— '
----- -------

951
648
303
106

39.0 91.00
39.5 90.50
38.0 92.00
39.0 114.50

CLERKS* P A YR OL L - — ----- -----------r
M A N U F A CT UR IN G — ---------- ---- s~
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- ----- ---- PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------- -

386
255
131
39

39,5 10 9. 50
60.0 113.50
39.0 1 0 2 . 0 0
39.5 113.00

ST ENOGRAPHERS. SE NI OR ----------- ---M A N U FA CT UR IN G — ----- ------ --- --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------— --- 1---

475
307
168

39.5 106.00
40.0 1 1 2 . 0 0
39.0 95.00

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ---------- ----------------------------------

116
79

40.0 103.00
40.5 104.50

C O MP TO ME TE R O P ER AT OR S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --- ------ -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- *
----- --------

235
106
131

39,5
60.0
39.0

82.50
8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

SW IT CH BO AR D OPER AT OR S, CLASS B - --N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --------- --------

107
91

38.0
38.0

KE YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----- --- ---- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- -------

266
129

39.5
60.0
39.0

99.00
99.50
99.00

S W I T CH BO AR D O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFAC T U R I N G -----------------------■
---------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------*-----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2— *--------------------------------

307
159
148
26

39.0
86.50
39*5
87.50.
38.5 85.50!
39.0 105.50

63.50

of
w orker*

39.0 114.501
39.5 117. OOl
38.0 1 1 0 . 0 0
38.5 127.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
126.50
128.50
115.50
136.50

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE O C C U P A T I O N S - C O N T I N U E D
$
87.00
90.50
79.50
92.00

98.50

$
91.00

A v era g e
N um ber

W e e k ly

79.00
76.50

8 6 . 0 0

77.001
SO.OOj
72.50
9 2 .0 0

PR OF ES S I O N A L AN D TECH NI CA L
O C CU PA TI ON S

NURSES, I N DU ST RI AL (R EG ISTERED) --M A NU FA CT UR IN G —
--- ---- ---- “—

168
152

40.0
40.0

9 t tO O
10 1 * 0 0

39.5 12 8. 50
40.0 12 9. 00

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or p r e m i u m rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 M a y include wo rk er s other than those presented separately.




13
Table A-3a.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Manufacturing—Erie County—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo ( E r ie C o u n ty ), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
A v e ra g e
N um ber

O c c u p a t io n

of
w orkers

W e e k ly
hours 1

W e e k ly

A v era g e

of
w orkers

earn in gs 1

(stan da rd) (stan da rd)

OF F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S

A v e ra g e

N u m ber

O c c u p a t io n

N um ber
W e e k ly
hou rs 1
(s ta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

OFFICE O C CU PA TI ON S - CO NTINUED

BO O K K E E P I N G - M A C H I N E OP ER AT OR S,
CL AS S B -------------------------------

44

39.0

84.50

CL ER KS , ACCOUN TI NG ,

CLASS A

---------------------

284

40.0 127.50

CL ER KS # ACCOUN TI NG ,

CLASS B

-------------- -

222

39.5

98.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A

---------------------

119

40.0

---------------------

227

40.0

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S ----------------

93

39.5

S E CR ET AR IE S 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS

B

CL ER KS , FILE, CLASS B ---------------

40.0

90.00

CLERKS* FILE, CLAS S C ---------------

34

40.0

-------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------

CL ER KS , P A YR OL L

------------ -—

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS

—
-----------------------------------------

SE CRETARIES, CLASS D

130

39.5 104.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NERAL

186

4 0 0 113.50

c r c A i n r * n a n t _ ic n r
O 1C n U O K A rn C n J «

90

40.0

84.00

S K I T CH B0 AR D 0 P ER AT 0R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS TR AN SC RI B I N G - M A C H I N E OPERATORS,
G E NE RA L -------- ----------------- ------------------

$
87.50
98.00

39.5

92.00

--------------------------------------------------------

373

39.5

78.00

-------------------------------------------------

241

40.0 177.00

39.5 112.50

146

39.5

170

TYPISTS* CLAS S B

638

57

-------------------------------------------------------

39.5 124.00
PR OF ES SI ON AL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPA TI ON S

-------------------------------------

196

39.5 116.00

-------------------------------------

268

39.5 1 0 2 . 0 0

DR AF TS ME N, CLAS S A

457

40.0 150.50

-------------------------------------

434

39.5

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C

216

40.0 119.50

151

39.5 111.50

54

40.5 101.50

r ck irn o
O C N IU K

SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A

------------

8 8 . 50

-------------------------------------------------

D R AF TS ME N— TRACERS — —
NURSES*

INDUSTRIAL

——

—

— ——

(REGISTERED)

--------

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




127

TYPISTS, CLASS A

72.50

CL ER KS , OR D E R

39.5

W e e k ly

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -------------------

SECRETARIES* CLASS C
58

(stan da rd)

75.50

O

$
95.00

>6

40.0

O
O

38

e a rn in g s 1

OF FICE O C CU PA TI ON S - C O NT IN UE D
$
97.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B

BILLERS, M A CH IN E (BILLING
MACHINE! -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

of
w o rk e rs

W e e k ly
hou rs 1
(stan dard)

O c c u p a t io n

98.50

51

40.0

92

40.0 127.50

ra te s),

an d the e a rn in g s

14
Table A-3b.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Manufacturing—Niagara County—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C ou n ty ), N , Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
A v e ra g e

rage

O c c u p a t io n

W e e k ly

of
w orkers

O c c u p a tio n

W e e k ly
2
hours 1 e a rn in g s 1
(stan da rd) (stan da rd)

of

-

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING,

115

3 9 .0

$
1 3 0 .5 0

CLERKS,

CLASS g --------------

120

3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0

69

■
JQ c

1 1 3 .0 0

42

4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0

26

3 9 .5

8 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR — ----------------------

— ___
__

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS#

CLASS B

OFFICE BOYS AND G IR L S *— —
* c c r l C A D f CO
j C v o' c x| nt\ 1 c r

2

c c r o c i Hf'lCO » n acc o
jcu rv c t a d ic c
VLHj J o

-- -------------

c c /*o c t a o i c c 2
b tL K tIA K ItS

O c c u p a t io n

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(stan da rd)

4 0 .0

$
1 2 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D --------------------- —

55

4 0 .0

2 14

3 9 .5

9 4 .0 0

156

4 0 .0

1 1 2 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

CLASS A --------

25

4 0 . C 1 1 1 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTIONI S T S -

32

3 9 .5

S 5 .5 0

4 0 .0

8 8 .0 0

4 C .C

8 6 . 50

85

-9 .5

1 4 8 .5 0

60

C ********

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AN0 TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
nOACTCMCu
UKAr 1onCPli r L f Aorc
t i l j

a
A

no

•— —

-

r t acc
LLA o j

D

u

* *****"■ ■ *" — —
~

—

Df t AC 1 jn C lif
U K A r TC UC M

Cl

C
L

— — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — —

actcucm
1o “ tlNf

NURSES,

ACC

INDUSTRIAL

(R EGISTERED)

------

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




92

A ------------------- —
------ —
—

IL A b o

UKAr

311

W e e k ly

19 1
LC L

CLASS

l Y P lb lo #

102. 00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL — — ----------------

(sta n d a rd )

CONTINUED

T Y P IST S,
150

SECRETARIES# CLASS C

e a m in g s 1

(stan da rd)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

/* u N T v itncn
— C rvtiT I N U t U

W e e k ly
h ours 1

of
w orkers

CONTINUED

CLASS A

CLERKS* PAYROLL

N u m b er
W e e k ly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

ACCOUNTING,

A v era g e

N u m ber

N u m b er

*

ra te s),

1 6 5 .0 0

and the e a r n in g s

15
Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—SMSA

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ) , N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1
$
2 .4 0
Mean2 Median 2

MAINTENANCE ------------------------

279
246

$
3 .6 4
3 .6 3

1 ,1 3 7
1 ,0 7 4
63

CARPENTERS,

39C
3 .8 6

, , #

,

on

$
.
3 .5 7
3. jG
3 .7 7
3 .7 8

Middle range 2

$
2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
$
t
3 . 10 3 . 20 3 .3 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 . 20 3 . 30 3 . 4 0

2

3
j

7 *7 *
7
4 .1 5

3 '6
3 .6 9

7**?
3 .4 3

? .7n
4*1 0

3

3CC

3 l1
3 .1 3

7 ,^
7 .1 0
J1 0

■ S'1 3 37
*
2 .8 3 - 3 .3 7

IT

Lie i nen r
u a 1 nit r t. * k \r* r 1 KAUt c
nCL rC K o? r A t I 1 cnAIN tt to a r\c J
N
MAMUr APTI ID 1 fup _ — — — — _ — _ — — —
r*AI I iC AL 1UK f IN — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ — — _ _ _ _ _
N
L _— — — — __— — —
k Omu ANUr AL m o t Nb — — — — — — — —
i
NUN r" Akinc Ar 1UK I Kir
— — — — — — —

442
387
55

2 .8 7
2 .9 0
2 .7 0

2 .8 9
2 .9 8
2 .7 6

2 . 7 6 - 3 .0 5
2 .7 5 - 3 .0 6
2 . 7 1 - 2 .8 2

38
32

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA I 1 Ar Tl in r Air
M C
r ANUr ALFUKINb — — — — — — — — —
— — —
— — — — —

6 94

A . 23

4 .4 8

3 .7 5 - 4 .5 6
3 .7 6 - 4 .5 6

-

-

-

VATuTMT CTC
MAI A CA l Air t
r f lt n llN io 1 3 v n fllMT t o fAl i v C — — — — —
— — —— —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 ,0 6 2
1 ,0 4 4

3 .9 0
3 .9 0

3 .7 9
3 .7 9

3 . 4 7 - 4 .5 2
3 .4 8 - 4 .5 2

-

-

-

1 TQ

3 *7 1
3 . 5C

3*59
3 .6 6
3 .6 9

3*25” 4*41
2 . 9 8 - 3 .8 6

377
1 ,1 5 0
1 , 1C8

3 • f *t

u r r i W t ruTC
rt 1 L i. u.i 1 On 1 o — — — — — — — — — — — —
K
— — — — — — — — — — —
A ANUr Ab 1UK T A — — — — — — — —
ll
lP — — — — — — — —
“AAA 1C ATTI ID INb

1 .1 1 3
1 .1 1 3

3 *9 1
3 .9 1

3 .8 1
3 .8 1

12
t2

8

22

3

3

78
*

3 25
3 »aO

3 38
3 .4 0
3 .5 4
3 .5 4

33

2

32

■

71
43
28

7 39

3 • 74
1 fH
3 •7 A

3 .6 2

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

258
251

3 .9 7
3 .9 9

3 .8 8
3 .8 9

3 .6 1 - 4 .3 7
3 .6 5 - 4 .3 8

806

1I
7 •1 X
A 17
4# 1 f

4 .0 4
4 .0 4

8

3 t^ 6 * 4*30
3 .4 6 - 4 .3 0

15

11
13
13

j.

6
6
2
2

*

7

-

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

9
6

13
12

57
cn
3U

17
16

48
47

12
11

*

3
2

27

51

60

91

1

1

2

1

159
157
2

78
58
20

138
133
5

4 .0 0

20
20

7
*

20

23
23

55

*

28
19

84
84

7
7

29
27
2

28
9/
2*

24

*

1

18

8
8

57
57

21
21

11
11

20
20

4 .2 0

.4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

32
26

8
8

18
18

1

5

51

6

2 82
2 82

74
74

5

11
13

1o
iA
13

12
12

30
10

10
10

41
41

4 .1 0

10
10

3 .9 0

over

36
e

7
*
3

•j

n
10
11
11
11

404
404

18
18

56
56

2
2

92
82
10

21
19

159
156

20
20

3
3

-

13

9

-

11

22
22

-

5
5

1
1

32
26

13
13

27
27

113
110

92

1 14
1 14

28
28

112
112

92
91

16
16

13
1
12
12

29

25

14

40

28

-

1 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

10
10

12
10

11
7

16
15

15
10

24
10
14
6

44
6
38
38

117
13
104
104

46
2
44
36

16

8

11
10

9

56

61
57

36
27

135
123

107
105

161
160

1 57
152

34
30

91
89

14
1A
14

34
34

61
61

61
ol

1
1

8
8

29
29

AO
DO
68

97
97

157
157

93
93

80
80

133
133

1
1

1
1

35
35

14
14

382
382

24
10

33
33

6
6

44
44

11Q
11^
119

35
35

7
7

28
28

15
15

14
14

31
30

16
15

63
60

23
20

14
14

12
7

24
23

CO

1 43
1 /9
IH O

1 na
1U3
1 Al
1U3

94
93

24
22

63
63

24
24

47
47

5
5

14
14

5
5

56
56

-

-

_

33

66

129
1 29

41
41

2

66

61
61

97

33

25
25

11
1I
11

25
25

OR
cz>

1
1

19
19

14
14

23

8

*

6

j?

1
1

-

-

a

-

~

zL

31

27
10
10

3

3;
34

5

~

7
£
5

1A
1U
10

33
33

8

3 .8 1 — 4 .6 6
3 .8 1 - 4 .6 6




$
9
4 *2 0 4 .4 0

10

10
10

3*97

2 37

rn n i ANU n t c “ AISCKo — — —
I UuL a Ain U1C u A i/rnr
— — — — — —
— —
ii aaii ic A m i d 1No
“ ANUr AL 1UK i lur — — — — — — — — —
— — .....................
—
— —

$
$
4 . CO 4 . 1 0

-

20
3 *4 7”

n i r t r T C Kc
uATAtTriiAAirc
r l n r e ilT 1 1Cn c>» rA lN I tNANLC — — — — —
— —
— —
u aaiiic AL nUKINb — —— — — — — — — —
HflliUr A r 1 m f Air
— — — — — — — —

------------

-»cc

3 .6 8

1 cc
3»DD
1
7
3 0C*
f

n a iIN ItK b f y a t a I c ii aA r c
K A AiTrnr
fifllNi t tlN At t
M
UAMIIC Ar TIIO INb
nANUrAL1UK VAir

3 .5 0

35
33

121
121

3 .3 3 - 3 .7 4
3 . 3 3 - 3 .7 3

<430

t
3 .9 0

10

1
15
14
1

6

2 9a
3 49
2 .9 3 - 3 .4 9

— — —
— — —

$
3 .8 0

5
5

Tn
2tJ

3 .5 4 - 4 .4 3
3 .5 4 - 4 .4 3

LLR**
u ANUrALlUKlNb
“ aaii ic A r m o t Air

$
3 .7 0

137

L t n A N U /J
r tr r u AM rrc » uA r aitcaa Air c — — — — — —
r a 1 !H1 tlNfllNbt
— — — — —
UAKlIlf AOTIinTAir
rANUr AC 1UK 1Nb — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — — — — —

Cl

$
3 .6 0

7
6

1

3 . 2 6 - 3 .8 5

$
3 .5 0

5
3

3 .5 6
3 .5 3
3 .7 2

A rt

3 .4 0

and

77

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
S 4 Af \ITC A AA tl
1
IT
frA lN IfcNlA N LC t
— — — — — — — —
— —
— — — — —
u AI Ur Ar 1 ID I NL — — — — — — — „— —
“• mi iC flu tiUK 1 Kir _______ _ _________— —
AN
— —
— — — ___
A.rtAiu A < r ar 1UK I Nb
Ai
NUNW ANL r AL ti in r Air — — — — — — —
— — — — — — —
m iniL lL U I 1 L TXTCC^ — — — — — —
r U o f r* HT1I 1 1 1 t o
— — — — — —

$

U n der
$
2 .4 0

$
. $
3 .3 9 - 4 .0 5
3 .4 C
4 .0 1
3 * ;!3
7 .* 7
3 6

$
2 .5 0

2 .5 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
woricers

3
3

7

11

-

-

-

7

10
2

56

3 34
3 34

74

-

-

:

51
10
10

3
3

83
83
9
9

*
41
41

1

1 11
13 7
1 37

97

2

Cl
31
51

77
77

41
41

2
2

2

330

330

10
10

16
Table A-4a.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Manufacturing—Erie County

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo (E r ie C o u n ty ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

H o u rly ea rn in g s 1

N u m b er
w ork ers

$

$

$

I

S

$

$

$

*

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3,.40 3.50

of

O c c u p a t io n

S

S

$

$

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

U n der
*

$

S

$

$

t

$

S

$

$

3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.40 4 . 60 4.80

and

an d

2.40 u n d er
2.50 2.60 2*70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3,.50 3.60 S3.70 3.80 3.90 4.0C 4.10 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 o v e r

$

$

$

$

3.66

3.61

3.36- 4.11

2

6

31

5

7

31

11

28

11

10

26

8

17

717

3.99

3.89

3.55- 4.46

-

-

-

-

-

3

5

3

22

28

35

46

76

56

68

19

7

12

21

6

231

74

ENGINEERS. STATIO NA RY — ----------

241

3.54

3.47

3.30- 3.82

-

-

-

-

5

18

20

4

12

-

49

18

22

12

15

36

10

-

-

-

13

1

6

FIREMEN.- ST AT IO NA RY B O I L E R -------

173

3.16

3.12

2.78- 3.35

-

8

1

33

2

12

17

4

41

-

24

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

10

-

-

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRADES ------

319

2.90

3.00

2.82- 3.06

32

4
-

14

4

10

82

9

133

18

MACH IN E- TO OL OPERATORS, T O O L RO OM

584

4.20

4.46

3.70- 4.55

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

6

MACHINISTS, M A IN TE NA NC E -----------

734

3.88

3.77

3.42- 4.52

-

-

-

10

-

5

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
CMAINTENANCE I — -------------------

148

3.72

3.58

3.2C- 4.42

-

-

-

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAIN TE NA NC E -----------

856

3.82

3.75

3.52- 4.18

-

-

-

6

11

MILL WR IG HT S * ------------- —

-------

693

4.03

4.20

3.62- 4.45

-

-

-

-

-

OILERS ----- --------------------------

337

3.31

3.42

2.97- 3.53

4

6

14

17

21

PAINTERS. MAIN TE NA NC E -------------

127

3.58

3.61

2.97- 4.31

-

-

2

1

19

14

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTE NA NC E ---------

429

3.80

3.67

3i45- 4.33

-

-

-

-

-

8

SH EET-METAL WORKERS, MAIN TE NA NC E

162

4.02

4.31

3.63- 4.37

-

-

TOOL AND DIE M A K E R S ----- --- ------“

622

4.15

3.96

3.79- 4.65

“

“

CARPENTERS* M A I N T E N A N C E ---------- ‘

193

ELECTRICIANS. M A I N T E N A N C E --------

-

15

13

5
-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , an d la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .




-

-

-

3

-

10

11

22

5

11

41

42

21

9

18

-

-

-

327

63

-

26

13

27

88

75

72

18

50

31

16

7

2

56

238

-

-

16

1

21

7

3

19

10

2

6

7

2

6

-

-

10

7

56

49

19

43

67

87

147

22

77

14

34

61

61

4

20

25

58

45

75

44

35

1

1

35

14

322

18

2

36

94

35

-

7

28

15

-

3

-

6

-

-

-

-

3

3

10

11

20

6

5

-

-

-

33

-

-

-

6

5

15

24

5

1

~

3

-

-

26

79

34

54

13

12

3

-

29

5

8

5

19

6

“

19

51

25

61

129

-

-

48

83

-

-

9

33

-

-

137

11

-

-

-

-

77

13

2

-

42

2

2

242

10

17
Table A-4b.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations—Manufacturing—Niagara County

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C o u n ty ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —
S
$
S
$
$
$
s
$
$
S
$
$
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2*70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50
i

Mean2 Median 2

Middle range 2

and
u n d er

and

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60
$

$

$

3.52

3.49

3.42- 3.64

357

3.73

3.70

3.49- 3.84

S T AT IO NA RY -----------------

96

3.49

3.44

3.24- 3.71

-

-

-

12

3.07

3.05

2.85- 3.42

12

12

-

-

Z.8

Z.

2.

3.94

3.80

3.59- 4.52

CARPENTERS* M A IN TE NA NC E --------------

53

ELECTRICIANS, MA IN TE NA NC E ----------ENGINEERS,

FIREMEN, S T AT IO NA RY BOILER ---------

133

UCI DCO C U A TklTCM AAlTC 1KAUtj
nCLrCKj^ rlAlrll cIVAIMWC TO AHCC "" "" "" "

ea

MACHINISTS, M A I N TE NA NC E -------------

31C

2

“

_

2

l

5

19

5

19

~

1

4

-

- 3.04

22

23

44

81

2

65

65

-

-

-

51

-

4

23

6

10

5

12

8

-

-

4

-

7

15

2

7

15

8

10

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

22

17

42

10

62

60

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

20

16

14

10
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.43- 3.65

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

3.61

3.51- 3.85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

a

3.14

2.80- 3.41

31

3.65

3.63

3.44- 3.83

252

3.48

3.53

MI LL WR IG HT S ---------------------------

420

3.72

-

-

3.55

3.53

310

3.66

3.58

3.46- 3.83

-

5

3

8

6

-

SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS, M A I N TE NA NC E —

89

3.93

3.86

3.68- 4.42

184

4.26

4.09

4

-

-

-

-

80

38

73

5

8

12

-

-

4

9

43

39

112

18

36

98

-

-

-

27

5

49

-

8

2

-

-

-

8

1

26

64

69

39

9

51

-

-

-

-

18

-

6

-

37

-

4

-

14

15

-

-

-

8

1

-

-

-

-

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .




8

15

-

4.01- 4.75

-

-

1

4

-

-

-

-

96

-

8

3.36- 3.58

PIPEFITTERS,

-

8

11

110

6

-

—

2

20

PAINTERS, M A I N TE NA NC E ---------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ------------------

~

-

Z3

33
-

MECHANICS, M A IN TE NA NC E --------------

MAINTE NA NC E ------------

3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 * • 1 0 4. 20 4.40 4 . 60 4.80 lo v e r

$

MECHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(M A I N T E N A N C E ) ------------------------

93

t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4. 10 4* 20 4.40 4.60 4.80

$

-

-

3
-

60

-

-

40

-

-

-

28

55

-

2

8

-

88

-

18
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—SMS A

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a ) , N. Y. , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

of
woikers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 ,3 0 6
686
618

$
2 .4 1
2 .9 7
1 .7 9

$
2 .7 0
2 .9 4
1 .5 7

$
1 .5 8 2 .7 5 1 .5 4 -

$
2 .9 9
3 .2 3
1 .6 8

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------- -----------------------

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

S
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

%

t
2 .4 0

i
•

2 .3 0

; .5 0
2

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

i
3 .2 0

S
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

1 .6 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

$
1 .5 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

; .6 0
2

2 .7 0

2 .8 C

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

426
426

48
48

10
10

14
10
4

8
4
4

24
12
12

2
2

-

11
9
2

10
4
6

28
19
9

74
69
5

100
85
15

72
64
8

175
172
3

35
35
~

74
19
55

56
50
6

37
34
3

92
92
~

10
10
~

~

9

4

11

35

55

64

1 58

31

19

50

34

92

10

U n der
t
and
1 .5 0 u n d er

-

cLTld

~

-

572

3 .0 5

2 .9 7

2 .8 5 -

3 .2 9

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

116

2 .5 6

2 .6 7

2 .5 4 -

2 .7 7

-

-

-

-

10

4

12

-

-

-

8

34

30

-

14

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------------------

1 ,9 7 4
1 ,3 9 1
5 83
113

2 .3 7
2 .5 4
1 .9 7
2 .6 5

2 .4 7
2 .5 8
1 .7 7
2 .6 6

1 .8 7 2 .3 e 1 .5 9 2 .5 8 -

2 .7 4
2 .8 5
2 .5 4
2 .7 7

3
3
”

206
44
162

136
32
1 04
"

99
65
34
1

73
42
31
~

39
30
9
~

41
19
22
1

54
15
39
3

72
57
15
“

56
55
1
~

2 96
2 93
3
3

91
54
37
25

262
195
67
37

120
89
31
22

128
117
11
11

32
21
11
7

85
85
-

172
1 69
3
3

9
9
-

-

~

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------

1 ,3 1 5
248
1 ,0 6 7
93

1 .7 6
2 .4 2
1 .6 1
2 .1 4

1 .6 0
2 .4 8
1 .5 8
2 .1 0

1 .5 4 2 .1 7 1 .5 3 2 .0 5 -

2 .0 3
2 .6 5
1 .6 5
2 .1 6

48
48

642
8
634
“

2 30
12
218

26
26

16
4
12
-

3
1
2
-

79
24
55
45

82
18
64
41

5
5
-

5
5
-

62
62
-

_

_
-

_
-

-

21
19
2
2

_
-

-

46
45
1
-

7
7
-

-

29
24
5
5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING-------------- -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------- ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------

2 , 730
2 ,0 7 1
6 59
179

2 .7 7
2 .7 7
2 .7 7
3 .2 1

2 .8 2
2 .8 1
2 .8 6
3 .3 4

2 .5 6 2 .5 8 2 .5 5 3 .0 1 -

3 .1 0
3 .0 1
3 .2 8
3 .4 0

_
-

64
18
46

34
34

42
14
28
~

91
87
4
-

25
12
13
-

40
24
16

16
12
4
-

160
144
16

40
38
2
-

93
93
“

102
98
4
2

297
291
6
6

258
162
96
14

491
395
96
15

156
148
8
7

146
132
14
11

112
60
52
-

89
17
72
“

342
258
84
84

ORDER FILLERS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

6 48
2 59
389

2 .9 8
2 .7 6
3 .1 2

3 .1 5
2 .7 6
3 .2 4

2 .7 5 2 .6 5 3 .2 C -

3 .2 5
2 .9 2
3 .2 F

_

_

_

5

10

_

_

9

_

14
14

-

-

“

5

10

-

9

-

25
23
2

9
9
-

38
36
2

99
85
14

20
20
-

56
52
4

1C
2
8

56
18
28

26C
260

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

551
530

2 .9 7
3 . CO

2 .9 8
2 .9 9

2 .7 7 2 .8 C -

3 .2 5
3 .2 6

_

2
-

1
*

1

8
-

13
11

_

_
-

16
16

2
2

6
6

39
39

13
7

50
50

48
48

93
92

17
17

27
27

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n c n m a n u f a c t u r in c - --------------------------------

123
73
50

2 .1 6
2 .3 1
1 .9 6

2 .1 4
2 .4 9
2 .1 2

1 .9 1 1 .9 5 1 .7 5 -

2 .5 4
2 .6 2
2 .2 0

-

5
5
“

18
18

_
-

28
28
“

-

17
17

11
11

_
-

4
4

16
16

14
14

-

-

_
-

-

-

4
4

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 62
137
125

2 .9 8
3 .0 1
2 .9 5

2 .9 7
2 .9 6
2 .9 9

2 .7 5 2 .8 5 2 .7 C -

3 .2 5
3 .2 1
3 .2 7

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
-

_
-

1
1

1
-

1

1
1
-

7

-

2
2

4

13
2
11

7
2
5

29
18
11

21
17
4

63
45
18

SHIPPING C L E R K S ------------ ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

143
115

3 .1 2
3 .1 7

3 .0 8
3 .1 8

2 .7 5 2 .8 6 -

3 .4 2
3 .4 6

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

7
7

11
2

_

20
17

5
5

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

162
81

3 .1 2
3 .0 9

3 .2 0
3 .2 2

3 .1 1 2 .7 7 -

3 .3 7
3 .4 2

_

_

16
10

11
11

-

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




“

-

3

4
4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

7
3

_

-

3

_

~
_

14
14
-

_
-

-

-

1 06
66
40
40

26
2
24
“

_
-

37
37

_
-

_
-

“

-

_
-

1 24
1 24

61
61

2
2

14
14

4
4

-

6
6

-

-

_

_
-

5
4
1

12
10
2

54
12
42

5

1
1
~

_
-

2

33
19
14

15
15

16
6

9
8

5
5

17
17

21
17

7
7

9
9

2
1

1

46
13

17
15

34
3

27
25

1

_

-

-

-

-

3

19
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— SMS A--- Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a tis t ic a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Hourly earnings2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —
$
1 .5 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -------------r ------------------------------MANUFACTURING - : -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ----------------------------

workers

3 .0 2 1
8 60
2 .1 6 1
1 .2 3 3

Mean3

$
3 .2 4
3 .1 6
3 .2 8
3 .3 e

Median3

$
3 .3 1
3 .0 7
3 .4 0
3 .5 1

Middle range3

$
2 .9 5 2 .9 C 2 .9 6 3 .1 1 -

$
3 .5 3
3 .4 3
3 .5 4
3 .5 6

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1
1 .8 0

S
1 .9 0

S
1
$
$
2 . 0 0 2 . 10 2 . 20 2 . 3 0

$
%
2 . 40 2 .5 0

{
2 . 60

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

S
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

S
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

1 .6 0

Number

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 . 50

2 . 70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 «JQ0 3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

U n d er
S
and
1 . 5 0 u n d er

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

2 .9 5
3 .0 3

2 .9 4
2 .8 7

2 .8 6 - 2 .9 9
2 .7 7 - 3 .2 9

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------- ------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4----------------------------

416
106
310
1 99

3 .1 2
2 .9 5
3 .1 8
3 .2 0

3 .1 4
? .9 6
3 .1 6
3 .1 4

2 . 9 4 - 3 .4 2
2 .7 7 - 3 .1 9
2 .9 7 - 3 .4 6
2 .9 7 - 3 .4 3

“
_
-

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4----------------------------

1 .1 5 7
210
947
670

3 .4 8
3 .1 9
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .5 3
2 .9 9
3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .4 2 2 .9 3 3 .5 0 3 .5 1 -

3 .5 7
3 .4 8
3 .5 8
3 .5 7

_
~

TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

8 95
2 92

3 .1 2
3 .2 3

2 .9 8
3 .1 0

2 .9 3 - 3 .4 3
2 .9 2 - 3 .4 5

_

TRUCKERS. POWER (F C R K L IF T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,9 1 9
1 ,5 7 3
346

3 .0 9
3 .C 6
3 .2 6

3 .1 7
3 .1 0
3 .2 4

2 .8 2 - 3 .4 3
2 . 8 C - 3 .4 2
3 .1 3 - 3 .5 3

-

2 . 8 2 - 3 .3 2
2 .8 C - 3 .3 7

_

1
2
3
4
5

3 .0 3
3 .1 1

2 .8 9
3 .0 6

_

11
~

_

_

~

_
-

18
”

2
1
1
~

.7
1
6
-

11

_

_

_

2
1
1
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

*"

_
-

18

11
“

18
-

~

_

_

-

~

-

-

“
_

_
“

1 87 1 17 3
54
209
964
1 33
129
704

1 03
33
70
12

29
25

6
-

13
13

27
23
4
-

_
-

110
110
55

2
2
-

4
3
l
1

3
1
2
_

129
129
129

7 90
85
705
5 28

71
l
70
12

40
40

60
60

14
14

4
4

10
10

2 25
92

.
-

26
26

13
13
-

-

9
8
1.
~

90
80
10
4

1 40
117
23
2

9 11
1 50
761
290

88
85
3

135
29
1C6
52

60
54
6
-

1
1

1
1

63
61

53
32

225
2

5
3

5
3

26
26

6
6

12
12
_

8
7
1

15
10
5

3
3

ICO
32
68
68

8
7
1

57
9
E8
76

1
l
-

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

16
16
-

98
98
-

3
3
-

~

~

-

7
7

64
64

485
15

-

-

-

-

-

74
26'
4B

8
—
6

_
-

-

_

_
—

~

_

_

.

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

**

-

-

8
8
“

38
37
1

53
53
~

40
40
“

1 89
189
~

17
17
~

1 06
46
60

142
1 42

1 39
1 39
”

114
113
1

1 56
82
74

195
108
87

1 45
145

521
398
123

8
8
“

48
48
“

-

-

6
6

1
1

3
3

4
4

6
6

42
42

9
9

53
43

210
37

50
50

39
39

24
24

9
9

94
94

33
33

10
10

38
38

_

“

_
~

-

_

~

D ata li m it e d t o m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y , an d la te s h ift s .
F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2 .6 0

18

438
167

631
4 48

-

~

“

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) — --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FCRK LIFT) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

and
2 . 2 0 2 . 30 2 . 4 0

_

.

20
Table A-5a.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Manufacturing—Erie County

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is ,
B u ffa lo ( E r ie County), N . Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
Hourly eamings 2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

O c c u p a t io n 1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------GUARDS -----------------------------------------------------WATCHMEN ------------------------------------------------------ 1
JANITORS.

PORTERS.

ANO CLEANERS ------

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------------------

%

1 .7 0

_

_

t

Mean3

$
2 .9 8

Median3

$
2 .9 5

Middle range3

$
$
2 .7 9 - 3 .1 6

414

3 .0 6

2 .9 7

2 .8 e -

2 .4 1

2 .5 9

2 .0 4 -

2 .4 7

2 .4 7

2 .2 6 -

2 .7 7

$
2 .0 0

t
2 .1 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

10

_

12

1
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .3 0

1
2 .4 0

S
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.801 2 . 9 0

9

4

8

35

9

1 .5 0
and
under

4

%

$
2 .8 0

1 --------

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

S
3 .2 0

i
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

14

7

7

$
2 .9 0

%

1 --------1 -------3 .5 0

3 .6 0

—
3 .7 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

over

1

87

10

-

and

-

-

-

43

48

143

35

-

13

40

48

143

31

14

7

7

1

87

10

-

-

-

10

-

12

-

-

-

-

8

22

3

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

44

32

65

42

30

15

6

57

47

2 70

46

117

53

45

-

58

1 39

9

-

-

-

-

-

2 .6 7

1 ,0 7 5

i
1 .9 0

3 .3 3

59

1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

197

2 .3 6

2 .4 5

2 .1 1 -

2 .6 2

8

12

-

4

l

22

18

1

3

60

12

37

3

7

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

MATERIAL HANDLING ---------------

1 .5 7 2

2 .7 5

2 .7 4

2 .4 6 -

3 .0 6

18

-

14

87

12

24

12

1 44

38

72

56

259

125

225

16

127

-

17

258

66

-

2

FILLERS -------------------------------------------

259

2 .7 6

2 .7 6

2 .6 5 -

2 .9 2

14

23

9

36

85

20

52

2

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

381

2 .8 8

2 .9 2

2 .7 4 -

3 .1 2

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

16

2

6

35

7

50i

46

S2

15

37

57

1

2

-

-

4

-

5

-

-

28

-

-

-

-

4

-

14

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

2

121

17

43

2

5

7

3

-

19

1

2

-

17

5

13

2

4

5

l 7

7

8

6

t

-

-

10

-

6

-

1

-

12

15

3

24

1

-

-

1

1

13

4

79|

1 10

1 37

48

16

51

36

148

23

15

35

1

l

61,

27

2

1

-

26

25

-

13

12

3

*

3

27

5

2

20

16

52

LABORERS.
ORDER

473

$
1 .6 0

1 .6 0

Number
of
workers

PACKERS.

SHIPPING ------------------------------------(WOMEN) -------------------

52

2 .1 4

1 .9 8

1 .9 3 -

2 .6 2

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------------

111

3 .0 1

2 .9 5

2 .8 6 -

3 .2 2

PACKERS. SHIPPING

3

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------------

96

3 .1 9

3 .2 5

2 .8 5 -

3 .4 7

SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS ----------

75

3 .1 1

3 .2 4

2 .7 9 -

3 .4 3

TRUCKDRIVERS4 ------------------------- -------------------

717

3 .1 4

3 .0 3

2 .8 7 -

3 .4 3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------------

1 57

3 .0 3

2 .8 6

2 .7 6 -

3 .3 0

-

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------------

84

2 .9 3

2 .9 5

2 .7 6 -

3 .2 1

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HtAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------

1 74

3 .1 4

2 .9 7

2 .9 3 -

3 .4 5

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------

270

3 .2 4

3 .1 8

2 .9 C -

-----------------

3 .0 6

3 .1 9

2 .6 6 -

3 .4 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------------------------------

371

3 .1 5

3 .0 8

2 .8 C - 3 .3 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

1

TRUCKERS,

POWER (FO RK LIFT)

1

41

20

1

i
-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
4 In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




2

62

13

42

14

4

10

92

-

-

26

-

6

21

39

40

187

17

26

87

ICO

28

66

1C2

51

380

18

2

47

6

1

3

4

6

42

9

21

22

42

36

3

1

94

20

13

4

44

3 .4 6

1 ,2 1 9

-

-

-

21
Table A-5b.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations—Manufacturing—Niagara County

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s ,
B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C ou n ty ), N. Y . , D e c e m b e r 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2

1

O c c u p a t io n 1
2

G U A R D S ___ * ________ _________ <
_____

$

*

*

S

$

$

$

$

S

2*50

$

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

%
3 .3 0

i

2 .4 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

over

_

_

-

11

34

42

16

29

_

5

43

27

4

_

_

A
Under
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

S

2 .2 0

215

G U A R D S AN D W A T C H M E N ---------------—

A

2 .3 0

2 .3 0

Number
of
workers

$
2 .9 4

$

2 .9 0

$

2 .7 1 -

$

3 .2 5

4

2 .2 0
and
u n d er

and

_

158

3 .0 2

3 .0 5

2 .7 5 -

3 .2 8

-

-

-

-

11

22

15

16

15

5

43

27

4

-

-

---

57

2 .7 1

2 .7 5

2 .6 9 -

2 .8 5

4

-

-

-

-

12

27

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

AND CLEANERS ---

3 16

2 .7 6

2 .7 8

2 .6 3 -

2 .9 0

13

-

8

23

8

78

36

72

21

27

30

-

-

-

-

-

JA NI TO RS . PORTERS. AND CLEANERS
IWOMEN! — --------------- -------------

51

2 .6 4

2 .6 5

2 .5 3 - 2 .7 6

2

4

2

2

12

8

16

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

LA BORERS. M A TE RI AL H A N D L I N G ---- ---

499

2 .8 4

2 .8 7

2 .7 8 -

2 .9 6

-

-

-

21

42

32

37

1 70

132

5

60

-

-

-

-

-

--------— ---------- ---

1 43

3 .2 4

3 .1 8

3 .0 3 -

3 .4 9

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

7

13

37

13

3

18

14

24

9

POWER I F O R K L I F T ) ---------- ------

3 54

3 .0 4

3 .0 4

2 .8 7 -

3 .3 1

-

16

14

2

-

20

55

39

85

16

6

94

-

-

7

TR UC KE RS . POWER (O TH ER THAN
F O RK LI FT )
------ --------------- -------------------------

77

2 .9 7

2 .9 3

2 .7 9 -

3 .1 5

-

-

-

-

-

22

15

8

3

21

8

-

-

-

-

W A T C H M E N ------------------- ----—
J A N I T O R S • PORTERS.

TR UC KD R I V E R S
TR UC KE RS .

1 D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
2 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o l id a y s , and la te s h ift s .
3 F o r d e f in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2 , ta b le A - l .




-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers* bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

22

23

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting woik is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal Charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker*s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisors files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the woik of the supervisor.




SECRETARY—Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled '’secretary” possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the ” personal”
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial woik.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, O X persons; or
C)
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
hoard or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

25

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity ( e . g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e . g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit ( e . g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fulltime assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
et c. ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN—Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Woiks in close support with die design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E AND POWE RPLA NT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter* s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELEC TR IC IA N , M AINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRA DES— C ontinued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when too?s need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Woik involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights woik normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the woik of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance woik from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig m^ker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER, FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container,
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows; (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Tmckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)




Available On Request--T h e e ig h th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s BJLS B u l l e t i n 1 585, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 7 . Fiftty c e n t s
a copy.

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test av ailab le bu lletin s is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on re q u e st. B u lletin s m ay be purch ased from the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rinting O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS re g io n a l sa les o ffic e s shown on the in side fron t c o v e r .
A re a

B ulletin num ber
and p r ic e

A k ron , O hio, Ju ly 1 967 1_______________________________
A lban y—
Sch en ecta dyr-T roy, N .Y ., A pr. 1967__________
A lbu qu erque, N. M e x ., A p r. 19 6 7 _____________________
A llentow n— ethlehem —E aston, P a .— .J .,
B
N
F eb . 1967_______________________________________________
A tlanta, G a ., May 1967 _________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., O ct. 1967_____________________________
B eaum ont— o rt A rth u r— ra n g e, T e x ., May 1967 ____
P
O
B irm in g h am , A la ., A p r. 1967 1_________________________
B o ise C ity, Idaho, July 1967___________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Sept. 1967 1____________________________

1530-86,
1530-62,
1530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cen ts

1530-53,
1530-71,
1575-18,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25
25
25
20
30
20
30

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D e c. 1967 _______________________________
B u rlin gton, V t ., M ar. 1967 1 ___________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r. 1 9 67________________________________
C h a rleston , W. V a ., A pr. 1967 _________________________
C h a rlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1967 _____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., A u g. 1967-----------------------------C h ica g o, 111., A p r. 1967 1 _______________________________
C incin nati, O hio— y.— d ., M ar. 19 67_________________
K
In
C levela n d , O hio, Sept. 1967____________________________
C olu m bu s, O hio, O ct. 1967_____________________________
D a lla s, T e x ., N ov. 1967_____________________________ « ...

15 75-41,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
1575-14,
1575-23,
1575-20,

30
25
20
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25

1575-12,
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 19 6 7 ________________________________ 1530-45,
D en v er, C o lo ., D e c. 1967 1 ________________________ , ____ 1575-38,
_
D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb. 19 6 7 ---------------------------------------- 1530-44,
D e tro it, M ich ., Jan. 1967 1 _____________________________ 1530-48,
1575-22,
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1967___________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., Ju ly 1967____________________________ 1575-5,
G re e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1 9 67____________________________ 1530-66,
H ouston, T e x ., June 19 6 7 _______________________________ 1530-85,
1575-36,
In dianapolis, Ind., D e c. 1967 *_________________________
Ja ck son , M is s ., F eb. 1 9 67_____________________________ 1530-43,
J a ck s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1968 -------------------------------------- 1575-33*
K ansas C ity, M o.— a n s ., N ov. 1967 1__________________ 1575-30,
K
L aw ren ce— a v e r h ill, M a s s N . H . , June 1967 ------------- 1530-77,
H
L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R o ck , A r k ., July 1967---------- 1575-2,
N
L os A n g eles—Long B ea ch and A naheim —
Santa A n a G arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1967 1 ___________________ 1530-65,
L o u is v ille , K y.—
Ind., F eb. 1967 1 ______________________ 1530-49,
L ubbock, T e x ., June 1967 ______________________________ 1530-75,
M a n ch ester, N .H ., July 1967___________________________ 1575-1,
M em ph is, T e n n .-A r k ., Jan. 1 968 1-------------------------------- 1575-32,
M ia m i, F la ., D e c. 1 967 1_______________________________ 1575-28,
M idland and O d e ss a , T e x ., June 1967 ---------------- ---------- 1530-78,

l

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e

M ilw au kee, W is ., A pr. 1967 1___________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1967 1_______________
M uskegon— uskegon H eig h ts, M ich ., May 1967 _______
M
N ewark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J., F eb . 1967 ______________
New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 19 6 8 1__________________________
New O r le a n s , L a ., F eb. 1967 1 __________________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A p r. 1967 1____________________________
N orfolk — ortsm ou th and N ew port News—
P
Ham pton, V a., June 1967 1_____________________________
O klahom a C ity, O k la ., July 1967_______________________

1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1575-34,
1530-51,
1530-83,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

1530-82,
1575-4,

25 cents
20 cents

cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Om aha, N e b r.—
Iow a, O ct. 1 967 1________________________
P aterson — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., May 1967____________
C
P
P h iladelph ia, P a.— .J ., Nov. 1967 1____________________
N
P h oenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1967______________________________
P ittsbu rgh , P a ., Jan. 1967 1_____________________________
P ortlan d, M aine, Nov. 1 967 1___________________________
P ortla n d, O r eg .— a sh ., May 1967 _____________________
W
P ro v id e n ce —
Paw tucket— arw ick, R .I.— a s s .,
W
M
May 1967 1 _______________________________________________
R a leigh , N .C ., Aug. 1 967 1______________________________
R ich m on d, V a., Nov. 1 967 1_____________________________
R o c k fo rd , 111., May 1967 ________________________________

1575-21,
1530-67,
1575-40,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1575-16,
1530-79,

25
25
30
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1 575-27,
1530-68,

30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

25
25
25
25
30
25
20
25
25
30

cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is, M o.—
111., Jan. 1968 __________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1967 ____________________ ___
San A ntonio, T e x ., June 1967 1 __________________________
San B ern ardin o— iv e r s id e — n tario, C a lif.,
R
O
Aug. 1967 1_______________________________________________
San D ieg o, C a lif., Nov. 1967______________ ______________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif., Jan. 1968 ____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1 967 1___________________________
Savannah, G a ., May 1967_______________________________
Scran ton , P a ., July 1 967 1_______________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., N ov. 19 671_____
E

1575-39,
1575-35,
1530-84,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1575-10,
1575-19,
1575-37,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1575-29,

30
20
25
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

20
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 19 6 7 1_________
South Bend, In d ., M ar. 1967_____________
Spokane, W ash., June 1967 1 _____________
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F la ., Aug. 1967
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., F eb. 1967 1_________
M
Trenton, N. J ., N ov. 1967________________
W ashington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., Sept. 1 967__
V
W aterbu ry, C on n ., M ar. 1967___________
W a terloo, Iow a, Nov. 1967_______________
W ichita, K a n s ., D e c. 1967_____________ _
W ore e s t e r , M ass ., June 1967___________
Y ork , P a ., F eb . 1968 r ...................................
Youngstow n— a rren , O hio, Nov. 1 9 671. .
W

1575-17,
1530-57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1530-50,
1575-24,
1575-11,
1530-54,
1575-26,
1575-31,
1530-81,
1575-42,
1575-25,

25
20
25
25
30
20
25
20
20
20
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D aven port— ock Island—M olin e, Iowa—
R
111.,

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102