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7$: ZH-

Ddyton & Montgomery
• Public Library
APR 2

1968

DOCUMENT COi

The Trenton, New Jersey, Metropolitan Area
November 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-24




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

New England
John F . Kennedy F ed e ral Building
Governm ent C enter
Room 16 03 -B
B oston, M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




Mid-Atlantic
34 1 Ninth A vu.
New Y ork , N . Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P each tree St. , NE
A tlan ta, G a . 30309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South Dearborn St.
C hicago, 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
450 Golden G ate A v e .
Box 36017
San F r a n c isc o , C a lif. 9 4 10 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mountain-Plains
F e d e ra l O ffice Building
T h ird F lo o r
91 1 Walnut St.
K a n sas C ity, M o . 6 4 10 6
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

The Trenton, New Jersey, Metropolitan Area




November 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-24
February 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction__________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational g ro u p s____________________________
T a bles:
1.
2.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey
and number studied________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods________________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and w o m en ___________________________________________________
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined__________________________________
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations___________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations____________

Appendix.
E igh ty-six areas currently are included in the
program . In each area, information on occupational earn­
ings is collected annually and on establishment practices
and supplementary wage provisions biennially.

Occupational descrip tion s_____________________________________

* NOTE:
Similar tabulations are
other areas.
(See inside back cover.)

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Trenton, N. J. , in November 1967. The Standard M etro­
politan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through April 1967, consists of M ercer County.
This study was conducted in the Bureau’ s regional office
in New York, N . Y . , Herbert Bienstock, Director.
The
study was under the general direction of Frederick W.
M u e l l e r , A s s i s t a n t Regional Director of Operations.




1
3

available for

A current report on earnings in the Trenton area
is also available for food service occupations (November
1967). Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels,
are available for building construction; printing; localtransit operating em ployees; a n d m o t o r t r u c k drivers,
helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

2

3

5
7
8
9
10
11




Area Wage Survey---

The Trenton, N.J., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g allow­
ances and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by mail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.
In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; trans­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
m ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within
individual establishments. Other possible factors which may contrib­
ute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differences in
progression within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties per­
formed, although the workers are classified appropriately within the
same survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying em ­
ployees in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used
in individual establishments and allow for minor differences among
establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number ac­
tually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occu­
pational structure do not affect m aterially the accuracy of the earn­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the follow­
ing types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) main­
tenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material movement. O c­
cupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions
designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within
the same job. The occupations selected for study are listed and de­
scribed in the appendix. The earnings data following the job titles are
for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within occupations,
are not presented in the A -se r ie s tables because either (l) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to merit
presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual e s ­
tablishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced
women office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours; paid
holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are
presented (in the B -se r ie s tables) in previous bulletins for this area.

1

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and W ork ers Within Scope of Survey and Number Studied in Trenton, N . J. , 1
by M ajor Industry D ivision, 2 Novem ber 1967

M inimum
em ployment
in estab lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

.................. ................

...

M an ufactu ring______________________ ________________
N onm anufacturing__________________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5 ________________________
W holesale trade 6 _______________________________
Retail trade 6 __________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate 6 _______
S ervices 6 7 ___________________ __________ ____ ___

Number of establishm ents

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study 4

Within scope
of study *

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

_

207

89

51, 500

100

3 6 ,3 8 0

50
-

111
96

49
40

3 5 ,5 0 0
16 ,000

69
31

2 6 ,3 6 0
1 0 ,0 2 0

50
50
50
50
50

11
14
34
7
30

9
4
10
5
12

8
3
10
3
7

3, 780
490
2, 100
1 ,5 0 0
2, 150

4,
1,
5,
1,
3,

100
500
100
700
600

1 The Trenton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through A p ril 1967, consists of M e r c e r County.
The "w o rk ers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor
force included in the su rvey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area
to m easu re em ployment trends or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage surveys requ ires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of
the payroll period studied, and (2) sm a ll establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual w as used in classifyin g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ployment at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such indus­
trie s as trade, finance, auto repair s e r v ic e , and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w ork ers in all establishm ents with total em ployment (within the area) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and ser v ic e s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l in d u str ie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reason s: ( l) Employm ent in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to
m e rit separate study, (2) the sample w as not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to p erm it
separate presentation, and (4) there is p ossib ility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.
7 H otels and m o tels; laundries and other personal s e r v ic e s ; busin ess s e r v ic e s ; autom obile repair, rental, and parking; motion p ictu re s; nonprofit
m em bersh ip organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural s e r v ic e s.

A lm o st three-fou rth s of the w ork ers within scope of the survey in the Trenton area
w ere em ployed in manufacturing fir m s .
The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups
E le ctrica l m ach in ery ________________ 19
F abricated m etal p rod u cts__________ 18
Rubber and m iscellaneous
p la s t ic s __________________
13
M achinery (except e le c tr ic a l)_______ 10
Printing and p u b lish in g______________
8
Stone, clay, and gla ss p rod u c ts____
7
C h e m ic a ls _____________________________
6
A p p a r e l.________________________________
5

Specific industries
C utlery, handtools, and
general h ard w are___________________ 12
M iscellaneous fabricated
rubber p rod u cts______________________
9
Communication equ ipm en t___________
6
E le ctric lighting and wiring
equipm ent_____________________________
5
Engines and t u r b in e s __________________
5
P e r io d ic a ls _____________________________
5
P ottery and related products ________
5

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual su rvey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the resu lts o f the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estimates are
m easures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupational weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, le ss 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y ear's relative by the previous year's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en):
B ook keepin g-m a ch in e operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
K eypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls

T a b le 2.

Skilled m aintenance (m en ):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (au tom otive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en ):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f Standard W eekly Salaries and Straight-T im e Hourly Earnings for S elected O ccupational Groups in Trenton, N. J . ,
N ovem ber 1967 and D ecem ber 1966, and Percents o f Increase for S elected Periods
Indexes
(D ecem ber 1960=100)

Industry and occu p ation al group
N ovem ber 1967

Percents o f increase

D ecem ber 1966
D ecem ber 1966
to
N ovem ber 1967

D ecem ber 1965
to
D ecem ber 1966

A ll industries:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ) ------------------------------—
Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n ) -------------------------------Skilled m aintenance (m en ) ------------------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------

1 23 .2
141.7
127 .5
130 .5

119.1
13 0 .6
119 .7
1 2 4 .0

3 .4
8 .5
6 .5
5 .2

4 .7

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n ) ---------------------------------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) ----- 7 ---------------------—
S killed m aintenance ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) -----------------------------------------------------

118 .8
140 .9
127 .4
129 .4

114 .8
1 29 .8
119 .3

3 .5
8 .5
6 .7
5 .5

3 .7
2. 2
5 .0
3 .2




122.6

2 .2

4 .8
6 .6

D ecem ber 1964
to
D ecem ber 1965

D ecem ber 1963
to
D ecem ber 1964

D ecem ber 1962 D ecem ber 1961
to
to
D ecem ber 1963 D ecem ber 1962

D ecem ber 1960
to
D ecem ber 1961

3 .5
7 .0
3 .3
3 .3

3.1
.9
2 .9
1 .7

1 .6

2. 2

2 .6

4 .4
1 .9
4 .3

5 .2
2 .3
4 .2

7 .8
3.1

3 .5

1 .4
.9

.8

6 .0

4 .9

2 .3
5 .1

3 .2
5 .0

2.8

2 .2

2.1

2 .4

3 .8

____ ^

2 .0

2 .2

7 .7
2 .6
2.6

4
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regular weekly salaries for the normal workweek,
exclusive of earnings for overtime. For plant worker groups, they
measure changes in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding
premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. The percentages are based on data for selected key occu­
pations and include most of the numerically important jobs within
each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because low er-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work fo rces.
Sim ilarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as m easures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (l) general salary and
wage changes, (2) m erit or other increases in pay received by indi­
vidual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data were adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

5

A. O ccupational Earn in gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision, Trenton, N . J . , N ovem ber 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

i
50

:nd
under
55

CLERKS,

55

60

-

-

60

65

»

i
65

*
70

-

70

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

6 6 . 0 0 - 7 4 .0 0
6 5 .5 0 - 7 3 .0 0

7 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 - 7 6 .5 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 7 5 .0 0

1
1

s
80
-

80

I
85

-

85

I
90
-

90

I

95
-

95

$

10 0
-

100

$

10 5
-

105

i

110
-

110

i
115

i
120

-

115

-

i
125

-

120

125

-

-

135

130

$

%
130

i

140

14 0

-

-

150

150

-

135

i
145

over

-

145

and

12

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

I
75

-

75

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0 -

%

1 3 4 .0 0
1 3 4 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

11

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------

7 7 . 0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------

16
16

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

3 7 .0
3 6 .0

8 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

101.00
9 9 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------CLERKS, FIL E ,

7 0 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

CLASS A -----------------

7 2 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

66.00-

77
35

. -

17

51
26

50
40

6 8 00

12

5 8 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 -

7 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

17
14

4
4

18

11

14

32
26

24
16

15
13
-

7

5

-

-

5

-

2

1
-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

-

-

17
16
15

2
2

-

1
1
-

—

1
1

6
5

-

-

-

4

2
2

3

-

-

-

-

-

7

17
13

7 0 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

3 7 .0
3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

6 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

8 5 . 5 0 - 9 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------

-

12
11

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

101
81

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

79
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
88.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

126
64
62

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 5 . GO- 1 0 1 .0 0
6 8 . 00 - 8 6 .0 0

5

6 9 .0 0 -

8 3 .0 0

5

2

10
8

19
13

10
8

13
13

11
9

5
3

-

5

3

7
4

24

15
14

16
15

6
6

3

—
-

1
1

—
-

-

10
7
3

14
10

15
6
9

12
4

14
14

8 1 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 3 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

See footnotes at end of table.

-

3

49
3

7 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

3 7 .5
3 8 .0




5
-

8 6 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------

1
l

16
16

9 2 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 -

343
195

12
5

9 3 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

16

1

15

32
16
16

20

2
2

3

1
5
15

-

-

-

1

-

-

—
-

-

6

-

2

3
—

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

—

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

1
1
3
3

—
-

-

8

6

3

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , T r e n t o n , N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
_____ (standard)_____

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—

t

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

*
50

M iddle range 2

and
under
55

WOMEN -

*

»

»

i

55

60

65

70

_

_

_

65

s
80

s
85

i
90

t
95

t
100

t
105

%
11 0

%
115

t

%
120

125

$

%
130

135

t

140

»

_

60

$
75

145

15 0
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14 0

145

150

over

3

2

-

-

3

2

10
6
4

41
28
12

56
54
2

52
34
18

63
51
12

54
42
12

72
50
22

60
50
10

51
36
15

69
57
12

46
26
20

45
41
4

23
16
7

20
9
11

13
13
-

19
17
2

3

7

4

5

-

4

-

-

6

13
9
4

11
7
4

12
7
5

6
6
-

7
2
5

9
8
L

8
7
1

8
8
-

6
6
-

6
4
2

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES3 --------------MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

69 8
530
166

1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 0 . 0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 9 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 11 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0

9 6 .0 0 1 2 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

4

2

CLASS A

35

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

109

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 0 .0 0 1 1 8 .5 0 1 0 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 6 . 0 0

-

-

-

-

1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 1 4 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

5

6

8
2
6

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

202
174
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0 -

3
3

-

3
3
-

3
3
-

9
9
-

3
3
-

15
15
-

13
12
1

22
16
6

32
29
3

16
15
3

30
29
1

15
12
3

17
15
2

2
2
-

6
6

-

11
11
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING

349
27 4
75

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

2

3
3
-

37
25
12

47
45
2

40
31
9

42
36
6

32
27
5

37
25
12

14
13
1

15
13
2

30
20
10

17
12
5

14
14
-

8
3
5

5
1
4

6
6
-

-

2

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

219
148
71

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

8 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

7 6 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 7 . 5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

107
76
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

SWITCH80ARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

47
25

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 9 1 .0 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATGR-RECEPTI0NISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

80
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 0 . 5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 1 . 0 0 - 9 5 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

31
26

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

TYPISTS* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

113
54

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 7 . 5 0 - 9 3 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING

304
181

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

66 . 00 7 0 .5 0 -

SECRETARIES,

66

43

1 2 5 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 3 4 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 1 1 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 1 2 3 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

-

5

1

8

47
38
9

26
20
6

30
17
13

16
13
3

13
10
3

22
20
2

7
1
6

6
6
-

4
3
l

1
1
-

-

8

32
19
13

-

-

1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
-

3

10
7
3

13
11
2

27
20
7

15
9
6

11
9
2

7
6
l

3
2
1

-

4
3
1

2
2
-

3
3

2
l

2
-

6
4

3
3

10
5

4
4

21
18

3

5
5

4
3

6

6

3
3

4
4

5
5

12
8

11
6

4
4

7
6

6
5

-

-

3

6

6

11
11

2

7

6
1

20
9

17
7

14
6

18
13

35

28

54
41

64
51

42
24

37
28

16
14

12
3

9
9

4
4

-

-

6
6

1

4

7
7

-

1

1
1

1
1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular a n d /o r p rem iu m ra tes), and the earnings c o r r e s ­
pond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed r eceive m ore
than the rate shown; half receive le s s than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
* May include w orkers other than those presented sep arately.




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry d ivision, Trenton, N. J. , N ovem ber 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

t

%
85

M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

S

$

90

95

100

95

100

105

Number of w ork ers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—
1 -------- A
A
S
$
A
$
A
$
A
A
(
$
$
$
A
$
220
230
210
200
160
180
19 0
10 5
115
125
13 5 140
150
170
11 0
130
120

and
under
110

115

120

125

130

135

14 0

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

21 0

220

230

24 0

1
1

90

2
2

2
2

1
1

5
5

13
13

6
6

15
15

5
5

4
4

1
1

6
1

20
5

15
10

22
12

18
8

9
9

15
5

_

_

_

_

MEN
$
$
40 •0
4 0 . 0 1 8 1 *5 0 1 8 5 .5 0

l o

170
135

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 6 7 .0 0
1 5 7 .0 0

I 4 l .0 0 ~ 1 9 0 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0 -1 8 1 .0 0

_

87
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

1 3 3 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 - 1 3 7 .5 0

3
3

5
4

35
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 0 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

_

_

DRAPTS WEN, CLASS A _____ — ____ . . . . . _
—
_
MANUFACTURING_____ ____ — ___________
_

81
61

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------------------------* MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

$
$
I t o U 4 Jv«UU
lo o * ?c n .o i A nn
1
C A .1QA t AA
o
t
UU
-

_

_
-

12
12

1
1

1
1

7
7

3
3

18
18

4
4

7
7

15
15

16
16

19
19

2
2

1
1

2
2

8
3

4
4

3
3

6
6

6
6

8
3

10
5

17
2

4
4

2
2

1
1

10
10

5
5

3
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

_

_

“

_

_

-

_

-

-

jWOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

_

5
5

1 Standard hours refle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /o r prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond to- these
w eekly h ours.
2 F or definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .




8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , T r e n t o n , N . J. , N o v e m b e r 1967)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weeklyhours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
25

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
7 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

126
64
62

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

$
8 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------

25

3 8 .5

8 1 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

66
53

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

80
58

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
8 6 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------

25

3 9 .0

1 1 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

30
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

31
26

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

27

3 7 .5

9 5 .0 0

SECRETARIES2------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

69 8
530
168

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

52
31

3 7 .0
3 6 .0

8 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------------------

35

3 9 .0

1 2 2 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

109
66
43

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

113
54

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

202
174
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

30 4
181

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

349
274
75

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

219
148
71

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

83
63

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 9 3 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

175
157

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

369
21 4

3 7 .5
3 8 .5

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

CLASS A ---------------------------

39

3 7 .0

8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

59
44

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

CLERKS, FIL E , CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

91
36

3 7 .0
3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

CLERKS, OROER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

50
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

108
77
31

170
135

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

105
82

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

88
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .5 0
1 1 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

79
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

47
25

3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

35
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE ,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e sa la r ie s (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular a n d /o r prem ium r a te s), and the earnings c o r respond to these weekly hours.
May include w orkers other than those presented separately.




9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s tr y d iv is io n , T r e n t o n , N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1967)

Number of w ork ers receiving straight-h ourly earnings of—

(

Middle range

2

(Under
^
2 .5 0

$

2 .5 0

Occupation and industry division

(
2 .6 0

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

and
under
2 .6 0

_

$

(

i

$

t

$

»

t

$

s

$

$

%

t

%

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

_

_

_

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 ,0 0

4 .1 0

4 ,2 0

4 ,3 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

_

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

$
3 .2 9
3 .3 5

$
$
3 . 0 7 - 3 .7 3
3 .0 6 - 3 .7 7

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

12
9

3 .6 4
3 .6 2

3 .4 8
3 .4 7

3 .1 9 3 .1 9 -

4 .1 0
3 .9 6

14
14

3 .2 9
3 .2 6

3 .1 5 3 .1 2 -

3 .7 4
3 .4 0

2 .8 7
2 .8 8

2 .8 6
2.86

2 .6 4 2 .6 5 -

3 .0 3
3 .0 3

2 .7 5
2 .6 9

13 7
13 6

_

2 .7 6
2 .6 9

2 .6 4 - .2 .9 3
2 .6 2 - 2 .7 8

17
17

22
22

11
11

20
20

10

16
16

3 .4 0

3 .4 8
3 .4 7

3 .1 0 3 .0 9 -

3 .7 0

14
9
15
15

10

10

12
12

24
24

1
2
1
1

22

52
52

20
15

31
31

22

46
40

29
29

4 .1 0
3 .6 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------

93
72
71

3 .3 7
3 .3 9
3 .4 0

3 .3 4
3 .3 6
3 .3 6

3 .1 7 3 .2 3 3 .2 4 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 4
3 .5 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

27 5
27 2

3 .2 3
3 .2 2

3 .2 0
3 .1 9

3 .1 0 3 .1 0 -

3 .3 5
3 .3 5

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

91
87

4 .0 0
4 .0 3

4 .4 1
4 .4 1

3 .4 5 3 .4 7 -

4.
4 .4 6

OILERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

35
35

2 .9 3
2 .9 3

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .6 3 2 .6 3 -

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------

40
35

3 .4 4
3 .4 9

3 .2 4
3 .2 7

3 .0 4 - 4 .2 0
3 .0 5 - 4 .3 2

3
3

4
4

1
1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------

99
85

3 .7 3
3 .7 8

3 .4 8
3 .5 3

3 .1 9 - 4 .4 4
3 .0 9 - 4 .4 5

3
3

9
9

1
1

27 7
27 7

4 .1 4
4 .1 4

4 .6 2
4 .6 2

3 .4 3 3 .4 3 -




3 .6 0

1

3 .6 3
3 .5 9

34
34

14
14
14
28
28

15
15

15
15

11
11
11

21

74
74

18
18

41
35

95
95

1
1

18
18

5

1

4
4
4

16
16
16

l
1
1

23
23

49
49

12
12

4 .7 6
4 .7 6

holidays,

3 .5 0

18

10

177
167

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends,
For definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

_

14
14

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING —

_

”
2 .7 0

3 .5 4
3 .4 6

19 3
17 9

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER
MANUFACTURING ----------------------

_

t

3 .0 0

$
3 .4 1
3 .4 4

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING ----------------------

(

t

2 .9 0
_

t

6
6

and late shifts

2
9
9
1
1

4
3

7
7

3

6

1>
C
6

10
10

15
15

1
1

3
3

4
-

14
14

31
31

21
21

-

-

-

1
1

10

1
0

3
3

2

22

2
2

2

2

-

-

14

14

-

6
6

40
40
10
10

112
112

27
27

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu u ied on an a re a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , T r e n t o n , N . J . , N o v e m b e r 1967)

Hourly c arnim^

N u m b e r of w o r k e rs

$
1 .4 0

O ccupation 1 and industry division
2
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

r e c e iv in g

str a ig h t - t i m e hou r ly

$
$
2 .1 0 2 . 2 '

$
2 .3 0

i

$

1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

%

,2 .4 0

2 .5 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

;2 .5 0

2
~

4
4

8
7

7

$
1 .5 0

t
1 .6 0

S
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1
~

l

e a r n in g s o f—

2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

!

2,.6 0

S
2 .7 0

:3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

t
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3. o0

2 .6 0

2..7 0

2,.8 0

2 .9 0

3 .o o

:3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 . bO

over

3
3

4
4

10
10

18
13

24
24

24
24

_

1

1

2

18

24

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

2

_

-

-

-

2
2

27
26
1
1

_
-

-

-

$

r
,

and
and

under

1 .5 0
GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

120
113

$
2 .6 7
2 .7 2

$
2 .7 4
2 .7 6

$
2 .3 2 2 .3 8 -

$
2 .8 8
2 .8 9

GUAROS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

3 .5 2

-

10
H

82

2 .9 3

2 .8 3

2 .7 3 -

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

31

2 .1 6

2 .1 8

1 .6 0 -

2 .6 1

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------------

44 0
229
211
36

2 .1 3
2 .4 3
1.8G
2 .5 5

2 .2 3
2 .3 7
1 .6 5
2 .6 3

1 .6 7 2 .2 7 1 .4 7 2 .5 3 -

2 .4 «
2 .5 5
2 .0 4
2 .6 8

74

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------------------------

48 0
338
142
141

2 .7 3
2 .5 4
3 .1 9
3 .1 9

2 .6 5
2 .4 9
3 .1 9
3 .2 0

2 .3 5 2 .3 0 3 .1 4 3 .1 4 -

3 .1 8
2 .7 2
3 .3 1
3 .3 1

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

171
166

2 .5 6
2 .5 8

2 .5 3
2 .5 3

2 .2 5 2 .2 6 -

2 .8 1
2 .8 1

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

34
28

2 .7 3
2 .8 0

2 .8 2
2 .9 5

2 .5 2 2 .5 8 -

3 .0 4
3 .0 6

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

30
30

2 .4 8
2 .4 8

2 .2 8
2 .2 8

2 .2 4 2 .2 4 -

2 .6 9
2 .6 9

_

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

60
51

2 .7 4
2 .7 6

2 .7 6
2 .8 1

2 .4 9 2 .4 8 -

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

_

_

-

“

TRUCKORIVERS56 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------------

301
99
20 2
17 9

3 .2 5
2 . 79
3 .4 8
3 .4 8

3 .4 9
2 .7 3
3 .5 4
3 .5 3

2 .8 3 2 .6 2 3 .4 8 3 .4 8 -

3 .5 6
3 .0 2
3 .5 8
3 .5 7

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS* MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

55
28

3 .1 8
2 .5 9

2 .9 9
2 .5 8

2 .5 7 2 .5 0 -

3 .8 5
2 .7 7

~

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 4----------------------------

162

3 .4 4

3 .5 4

3 .5 0 -

3 .5 7

-

13 6

3 .5 6

3 .5 5

3 .5 2 -

3 .5 7

-

4

8
25

-

-

74
“

25

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

2 .3 0
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

2

3

8

17
3
14

15
2
13
2

21
3
IK

13
1
12
-

17
9
8
1

31
2b
6
4

24
22
?
.
-

70
67
3
1

29
24
5
~

38
33
5
4

24
5
19
19

12
9
3
1

-

7
7

4

6
6

10
10

_

3

60
60

63
63

24
24

59
59

15
15

37
37

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

63

30

_

_

-

74
37
37
37

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

_

_

14
3
11
11

14
14
“

-

63
63

30
30

29
29

4
4

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

4
4

8
6

6
6

34
34

15
15

2
2

39
39

12
12

3
3

_

2
2

5
3

2
2

2
2

3
2

1
1

12
12

1

_

_

1

-

-

_

_

6
6

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

1

1

1
1

_

"
6
5

10
6

2
2

4
3

12
12

2
2

3
2

1
-

2
2

_

2
2
-

10
10
-

23
23
-

22
22
-

14
4
10
10

3
3
-

11
11

23

_

-

-

-

-

~

"

23
23

4
4

1
1

_

_

_

~

"

1

-

9

-

9

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

“

-

-

"

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

2
2

16
16

_

_

_

-

-

-

l»
9

_
-

6
6

6
e
>

_
-

-

-

3
3
-

_

_

_

-

“

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

”

“

"

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

_

-

2
2

2
2

10
10

-

1

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

3 .1 3

3 .0 3 -

3 .1 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

2 .5 2 2 .5 2 -

3 .2 8
3 .2 1

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

4
4

_

~

1
1

57
57

88
86

_

_

10
10

2
2

-

4
4

18

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

“

_

_

_
-

1
1

3
3

“

14
14

.
-

Data lim ited to men w ork ers.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
For definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s, as defined, r e g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 2 at $ 3 .6 0 to $ 3 .8 0 ; 7 at $ 3 .8 0 to $ 4 ; 6 at $ 4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; and 2 at $ 4 .2 0 to $ 4 .4 0 .




-

-

-

2 .6 3
2 .6 1

1
2
3
4
5
6

_

-

-

3 .0 7

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

2 .8 1
2 .7 8

2 .2 4 2 .2 4 -

-

-

~

-

-

_

3

2

-

-

8

14

49
47

5
5

25
25

_

2
2

3
1

5
5

_

5
5

_

“

~

-

24

-

39

2 .4 3
2 .4 3

-

~

-

328
30 5

2 .5 7
2 .5 7

-

~

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

40
40

-

-

-

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ---------------

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

-

-

-

_

1
1

-

-

“

“

_

-

1
1

_

_

-

-

8
8

_

-

-

-

6
6
-

24
9
15
15

131

17

131
131

_

10

-

-

-

11

6 17
-

6

-

“

127

-

-

-

127

5

4

-

-

17
14

9
3

67
59

l

-

_

_

.

2
2

-

1

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers’ ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

11

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g. , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETA RY— Conti nue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons-; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve mere difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

14
SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate- wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e tc .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
by the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for ca lls.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e .g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator.)

15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABUIATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The woik typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with
specific
 instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and


Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

16

P R O F E S S I O N A L A ND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E A ND P O WE R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




17

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician*s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated ^n an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or bmsh.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

19

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Woik in­

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C US T ODI A L AND MA T E R I A L MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper, warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

20
ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truck driver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wage Surveys
A l is t of the l a t e s t av aila ble bulletins is pre sen ted be low . A d i r e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r l i e r stu d ie s, and the p r i c e s of the bulletins is
av ai la ble on r e q u e st.
Bu lletin s m a y be purchased f r o m the Superintendent of D o c u m e n t s , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t Print ing O f fi c e , W ash ingto n, D . C . , 204 0 2,
or f r o m any of the B L S r e g io n a l sale s offic es shown on the inside front c o v e r .

Area

Bulletin number
and p ric e

1530-76,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1530-83,

30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25cents
25 cents
30 cents
40cents

1530-82,
157 5-4,

2 5 cents
20cents

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1966_________________________
Pater son—
Clifton—
Passaic , N. J ., May 1967 ____________
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1966 1____________________
N
Phoenix, A riz., Mar. 1967 _____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966 -------------------------------------------Portland, Or eg.—
Wash., May 1967 _____________________
Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— ass.,
M
May 1967 1 ______________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C., Aug. 1967 1 _____________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1966______________________________
Rockford, 111., May 1967 ________________________________

1530-18,
1530-67,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1530-79,

25 cents
25cents
35cents
20 cents
30cents
20cents
25cents

1530-70,
1575-6,
1530-23,
1530-68,

30cents
25cents
25cents
20cents

1 575-12,
1530-45,
1 530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1 530-28,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1 530-37,

25 cents
25 cents
25 ce nts
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 ce nts
25 ce nts

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1966 1_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_______________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1967 1 _________________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Aug. 1967 1 _____________________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1967 1____________
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1967 1_______________________ -___
Savannah, Ga., May 1967_______________________________
Scranton, Pa., July 1967 1 -------------------------------------------—
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966----------------------------------

1530-27,
1530-33,
1530-84,

30cents
25cents
25cents

1575-10,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1575-15,
1530-69,
1575-9,
1530-22,

30cents
25cents
30cents
25 cents
20cents
25 cents
25cents

1 530-43,
1530-39,
1 530-26,
1530-77,
1 575-2,

20
25
25
20
25

cents
ce nts
cents
cents
cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1575-1,
1 530-40,
1 530-31,
1530-78,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

ce nts
cents
cents
cents
ce nts
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1967 ____________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1967 1 ____________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la ., Aug. 1967______________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1967 1_______________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1________ ______________________
Washington, D .C.—
Md.— a ., Sept. 1967________________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1967__________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1966 1_____________________________
Worcester, M ass., June 1967__________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1967.......... ......................................................
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966__________________

1530-12,
1530-57,
1530-80,
1575-8,
1530-50,
1530-34,
1575-11,
1530-54,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1530-81,
1530-47,
1530-29,

20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1530-86,
1530-62,
1 530-60,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-53,
1530-71,
153 0 -3 0,
1530-74,
1530-63,
1575-3,
1575-13,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

B uf falo, N . Y . , D e c . 1966 1__________________________________
Burli ngton, V t . , M a r . 1967 1 _______________________________
Canton, Ohio, A p r . 1967 ___________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r . 1967 -----------------------------------------C h a rlo t te , N . C . , A p r . 1967 ________________________________
Cha ttanoo ga, T e nn.— a . , A u g . 1967 -------------------------------G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 __________________________________
Cin cinn at i, Ohio—K y .—I n d ., M a r . 1967 ----------------------------C l e v e la n d , Ohio, Sept.
1967 ______________________________
C o lu m b u s , Ohio, Oct. 196 6 1-----------------------------------------------D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 1966 1__________________________________

153 0 -3 8,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1 530-61,
1530-64,
1575-7,
1530-73,
1530-56,
157 5 -1 4,
1530-20,
1530-25,

Dave np ort —Rock Island—M o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
O c t. 1967 _____________________________________________________
Da yto n, Ohio, Jan. 1967 ____________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 6 _____________________________ ______
D e s M o i n e s , Iowa, F e b . 1967 --------------------------------------------D e tr o it , M i c h ., Jan. 1967 1 ________________________________
F o r t W ort h , T e x . , N o v . 1966 1_____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July
1 9 6 7 ______________________________
G reenv ille, S .C ., M ay
1967 ______________________________
Ho us ton, T e x . , June 1967 __________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D e c . 1 9 6 6 _______________________________

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin number
and pric e

Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1967 1___________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1_______________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1967 ________
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1967 _____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967 ___________________________
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1967 1 _________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1967 1____________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1967 1____________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1967 — _____________________

A k r o n , Ohio, July 1967 1 ___________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1967 -----------------S
A lb uque rq ue , N. M e x . , A p r . 1967 ________________________
Allento wn—B e th le h e m —E a sto n , P a .—N. J . ,
F e b . 1967 _____________________________________________________
A tl an ta, G a . , M ay 1967 --------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , No v. 1966 1_______________________________
Be au mo nt—P o r t A rth u r—O r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1967 _____
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1967 1____________________________
B o is e C it y, Idaho, July 1967 ----------------------------------------------B o sto n , M a s s . , Sept. 1967 1________________________________

Jack son , M i s s . , F e b . 1967 ________________________________
J a c k so n v ill e , F l a . , Jan. 1967 1 ____________________________
K an sa s C it y , M o .—K a n s . , No v. 196 6 ______________________
L aw re n ce —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1967 --------------Little Roc k—No rt h L ittle R o c k , A r k . , July 1967 _______
L os A n g e l e s —Long B e a ch and A nahe im —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1967 1 _____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b . 1967 1 _________________________
Lubbo ck, T e x . , June 1967 __________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , July 1 96 7 _______________________________
M e m p h i s , T e nn.—A r k . , Jan. 1967 -------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 96 6 _______________________ - _______ —___
Midland and O d e s s a , T e x . , June 1967 -----------------------------

Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102