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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Omaha, Nebraska—Iowa, Metropolitan Area

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m iim

October 1967

Dayton & Montgomery Cd*
^ ^ P u blic L i , ; ry

MAR 8
i iON

Bulletin No. 1 5 7 5 - 2 1




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
O

BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

New England
John F . K en n ed y F e d e r a l B u ild in g
G o v ern m en t C en ter
R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s to n , M a s s . 0 2 2 0 3
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




Mid-Atlantic
34 l N inth A v e .
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , N E .
A tla n ta , G a . 30309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 6 0604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
4 50 G o ld e n G a t e A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a li f . 9 4 1 0 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T h ir d F l o o r
911 W a ln u t St.
K a n s a s C ity , M o . 64106
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The Omaha, Nebraska—
Iowa, Metropolitan Area
October 1967

Bulletin No. 1575-21
January 1968

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rth u r M. Ross, C om m is sio ner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents







Preface

Contents
P age

The B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w ag e su r v e y s in m e tro p o lita n areas is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s, and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in du stry d iv is io n fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta tes.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed fo r g r e a te r in sig h t into (1) the m ov em en t o f w a g es
b y o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a g e s am ong a re a s and in du stry d iv is io n s .
At the end o f e a ch s u r v e y , an in dividu al a rea b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r each a re a studied. A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u al a re a bu lletin s fo r a round
o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a r y bu lletin is is su e d .
The
f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r e a ch of the m e tro p o lita n a re a s
stu d ied into one b u lle tin . The s e c o n d p a rt p r e se n ts in fo r ­
m a tio n w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in dividual m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to g e o g ra p h ic r e g io n s and the
U nited S ta tes.

In trodu ction ____________________________________________________________________
W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
2.

A.

B.

E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s c u r r e n tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In e a c h a r e a , in fo rm a tio n on occu p a tion a l e a r n ­
in gs is c o lle c t e d annually and on esta b lish m en t p r a c t ic e s
and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v is io n s b ien n ia lly .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e su lts o f the su rv ey in
O m ah a, N e b r.-T o w a , in O c t o b e r 1967. The Standard M e t­
r o p o lit a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the Bureau of the
B u dget th rou gh A p r il 1967, c o n s is t s of D ouglas and S a rp y
C o u n tie s , N e b r ., and P ottaw attam ie County, Iowa.
T h is
study w as co n d u cte d in the Bureau*s r e g io n a l o ffic e in
K an sa s C ity, M o ., John W. L eh m an , D ir e c t o r . The study
w as u n der the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n of E llio tt A. B ro w a r, A s ­
sista n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r o f O p e ra tio n s.




1
4

In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e
h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and
p e r c e n ts o f change fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________
O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o ccu p a tio n s—
-men and w om en _________________________
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— en______________
m
A -3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s—
m en and w o m e n c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow er pi ant o c c u p a tio n s ___________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —__________

6
8
9
10
11

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s __ 13
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n t ia ls _____________________________________________ 14
B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________ 15
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s__________________________________________________
16
B -5 . P a id v a c a t io n s ____________________________ :____________________
17
B -6 . H ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p en sion p la n s______________________
19
B -7 . P r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e w o r k __________________________
20

A ppendix.

O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t i o n s ______________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on ea rn in g s in the O m aha a r e a is
a lso a v a ila b le fo r fo o d s e r v ic e occu p a tio n s (O cto b e r 1967).
Union s c a l e s , in d ica tiv e of p r e v a ilin g pa y le v e ls , are
a v a ila b le fo r b u ildin g c o n s tr u c tio n ; p rin tin g ; lo c a l-t r a n s it
o p era tin g e m p lo y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and
a llie d o c cu p a tio n s .

m

4

21




Area Wage Survey---The Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h ich the U .S . D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con d u cts s u rv e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l earn in g s
and r e la te d b e n e fits on an ar^ aw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is ts to r e p r e ­
sen ta tiv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in six b ro a d in du stry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce , and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry grou p s ex clu d ed fr o m th ese stu d ies a r e
g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a t io n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th ey tend to fu rn ish in su fficie n t em p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied to w a r r a n t in clu s io n .
S eparate tabu lation s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r e a c h o f the b r o a d in du stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu b­
lic a t io n c r it e r i a .

a llo w a n ce s and in cen tiv e ea rn in g s a re in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs
a r e r e p o r t e d , as fo r o ffic e c le r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the
stan dard w o rk w e e k (rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w h ich e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay
fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a te s ). A v e ra g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
ings fo r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have b een rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .
The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a rea w id e e s t i­
m a te s .
In d u s trie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in p a y le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, con trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay r e la tio n s h ip obtain a ble fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age sp re a d or d iffe r e n tia l m a in ta in ed am ong jo b s in
in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v era g e pay
le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s should
not be a s su m e d to r e f le c t d iffe r e n c e s in pa y trea tm en t of the se x e s
w ith in in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w hich m ay
con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , sin ce on ly the
actu al r a te s paid in cu m b en ts a re c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific
du ties p e r fo r m e d , although the w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifi e d a p p ro p r ia te ly
w ithin the sa m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n .
Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in
c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s in th ese su r v e y s a re u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d
than th ose u sed in in dividu al e s ta b lis h m e n ts and allow fo r m in or
d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lis h m e n ts in the s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g re a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is studied.
In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
E s­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e sta b lis h m e n ts studied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the in du stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.
O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in g s

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in
all e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the num ber
a ctu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l stru ctu re
am ong e sta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f occu p a tio n a l em p loym en t o b ­
tained fr o m the sa m p le of esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in dicate
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n ce of the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in
occu p a tio n a l stru c tu re do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y of the
ea rn in g s data.

The o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c le r i c a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c la s s if i c a t io n is b a sed on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a c c o u n t o f in te r e sta b lish m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The occu p a tion s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix.
The earn in g s data fo llo w in g
the jo b title s a r e f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s co m b in e d .
E a rn in gs data fo r so m e
o f the o c c u p a tio n s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in d u stry d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b e c a u s e
e ith e r (1) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough
data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c te d
esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who are u tilized
as a sep a ra te w o rk f o r c e a re ex clu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in clude
w ork in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu din g le a d m en and tr a in e e s ) en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n ctio n s.
" O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu de w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo rm in g
c le r i c a l or r e la te d fu n ction s.
C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en are
e x clu d e d in m an u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d ed in nonm anufacturing
in d u s t r ie s .

O cc u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and earn in gs data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iven o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E arn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
late s h ifts.
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u se s a r e ex clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




1

2
M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s (table
B - l ) re la te on ly to the e sta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . B e c a u se of the optim u m
sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u se d , and the p r o b a b ility that la r g e e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts a re m o r e lik e ly to have fo r m a l en tra n ce r a te s fo r w o r k e r s
a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l than s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts , the table is
m o r e -r e p r e s e n t a t iv e of p o lic ie s in m ed iu m and la rg e e sta b lis h m e n ts .
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (table B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
te r m s of (1) e sta b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f total plant
w o r k e r em p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in te r m s of
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e sta b lis h m e n ts having v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plying to a m a jo r ity w as u se d o r , if no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w as u sed. In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e -s h ift h ou rs a r e paid at n o rm a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly if it a p p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u rs.
The sch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r it y of the
f i r s t - s h if t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as applying to
a ll o f the plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t.
S ch ed u led
w e e k ly h ou rs a re th ose w h ich fu ll-t im e e m p lo y e e s w e r e e x p e cte d to
w o r k , w h eth er they w e r e pa id fo r at s t r a ig h t -tim e or o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h olid a y s; paid v a c a tio n s ; health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
pla n s; and p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e w ork (ta b les B -4 th rough B -7 )
a re tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is that th ese a re a p p lic a b le to all
plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity o f su ch w o r k e r s a re e lig ib le or
m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c t ic e s lis te d .
Sum s o f in dividu al
ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rough B -7 m a y not equ al to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
rou n din g.
D ata on paid h olid a y s (table B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on h o li­
days gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , or (2) have b een e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m .
H olid a y s
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a re in clu d ed ev en though th ey m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w o rk d a y and the w o r k e r is not gra n ted an oth er day off.
The fir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olid a y s ta ble p r e s e n ts the n um ber o f w h ole and h alf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly gra n ted. The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h alf
h o lid a y s to show total h olid a y t im e .

Data on h ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans (ta ble B -6 ) in ­
clud e th ose plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pa ys at le a s t a p a rt o f the
c o s t. Such plans in clude th ose u n d e r w ritte n b y a c o m m e r ic a l in su r a n ce
com p a n y and th ose p ro v id e d th rou g h a u nion fund or p a id d ir e c t ly by
•the e m p lo y e r out of cu rre n t o p e r a tin g funds or fr o m a fund set a sid e
fo r this p u rp o s e .
An e sta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d to have a plan
if the m a jo r ity of e m p lo y e e s w e r e e lig ib le to be c o v e r e d under the
plan, ev en if le s s than a m a jo r it y e le c t e d to p a r tic ip a te b e c a u s e e m ­
p lo y e e s w e re r e q u ire d to con trib u te to w a rd the c o s t of the plan. L e ­
g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s, such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t w e r e e x clu d e d .
S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type of
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a re m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w eek ly or m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s or a c c id e n t
d is a b ility . In form a tion is p r e s e n te d fo r a ll su ch p la n s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r co n trib u tes. H ow e v e r, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w h ich
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in su r a n ce la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,2 plans a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b en efits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tion s
o f paid s ic k lea v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay or a p r o p o r tio n of the w o r k e r 's pay du rin g a b s e n ce fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e of illn e s s .
Separate ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) plans w hich p r o v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e eith er p a rtia l pay or a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d ition to
the p re se n ta tio n of the pr p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ick n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce or p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica ted
total is shown of w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r or both types o f b e n e fits .

C atastroph e in su r a n ce , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as m a jo r m e d ­
ic a l in su ra n ce , in clu d es th ose pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a se o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b ey on d
the n o rm a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in su ra n ce r e fe r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le te or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
Such plans m a y be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com p a n ies or n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be paid fo r b y the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund set a s id e fo r th is p u rp o s e .
T abu lation s of r e tir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d to th ose plans
that p ro v id e r e g u la r paym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the w o r k e r 's life .

The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to a
s t a t is t ic a l m e a s u r e of v a ca tio n p r o v is io n s .
It is not in ten ded as a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s a c tu a lly r e c e iv in g s p e c ifi c b e n e ­
fit s . P r o v is io n s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t fo r a ll len gths of s e r v ic e w e re
tabu lated as applying to all plant or o ffic e w o r k e r s o f the e s t a b lis h ­
m en t, r e g a r d le s s o f length o f s e r v ic e .
P r o v is io n s fo r pa ym en t on
oth er than a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le ,
a paym en t of 2 p e r ce n t of annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as the e q u iv ­
alent of 1 w e e k 's pay. E s tim a te s ex clu d e v a c a tio n -s a v in g s plans and
th ose w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits bey on d b a s ic
plans to w o r k e r s w ith qu alifyin g len gths o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch
e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .

Data on o v e rtim e p r e m iu m pa y (ta ble B - 7 ) , the h ou rs a fter
w h ich p re m iu m pay is r e c e iv e d and the c o r r e s p o n d in g ra te o f pa y, a re
p r e s e n te d by d a ily and w e e k ly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v e r t im e r e f e r s to
w ork in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f h ou rs a day r e g a r d le s s of
the num ber of h ou rs w o rk e d on oth er days o f the pay p e r io d . W eek ly
o v e r tim e r e fe r s to w ork in e x c e s s of a s p e c ifie d n u m ber o f h ou rs
p er w eek r e g a r d le s s of the day on w h ich it is p e r fo r m e d , the n u m ber
o f h ou rs per day, or num ber o f days w o rk e d .

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.

written,




it met either o f the following
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had operated late
An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days o f sick leave available to each em ployee.
Such a plan need not be
but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s and W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y and N u m b e r S tu d ied in O m a h a , N e b r . —
Iow a

b y M a jo r In d u s try D iv is io n , 2 O c to b e r
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u s try d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s tu d y
W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

S tu d ied
T o ta l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

O ffice

P ercen t

T o t a l4

432

140

86, 700

100

52, 000

19, 500

56, 720

-

123
309

48
92

32, 100
54, 6 00

37
63

24, 800
27, 200

3, 000
1 6 ,5 0 0

23, 130
33, 590

50
50
50
50
50

43
58
106
34
68

20
14
27
14
17

17,
5,
16,
7,
7,

20
6
19
9
9

7, 500

4, 9 00

A l l d i v i s i o n s -------------------------------------------- -----------M a n u fa c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________ ____
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5__,------------ -----------------------W h o l e s a le t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e --------------------- ------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------S e r v i c e s 8___________________________________________

1967

50

0 00
4 00
500
9 00
800

(6 )
(6 )
(? )
(6 )

(‘ )
( )
(!)
(6)

14,
1,
9,
5,
2,

520
470
600
600
400

1 T he O m a h a S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1967, c o n s i s t s o f D o u g la s and S a r p y C o u n t ie s , N e b r . , and P o t t a w a tt a m ie C o u n ty ,
Iow a .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh ow n in th is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T he
e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s
r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d i t io n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in su c h in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t an d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d . O m a h a 's g a s an d e l e c t r i c u t i l i t i e s a r e m u n i c ip a l ly o p e r a t e d a n d a r e e x c l u d e d b y d e f in i t io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s - f o r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , an d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o x e o f the f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2 ) the s a m p le w a s n ot
d e s i g n e d i n it ia l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s ,
b u t f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o te ls and m o t e ls ;
la u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l, an d p a r k in g ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g
r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b o u t t w o - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the O m a h a a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T he fo l lo w i n g t a b le p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
an d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u stry g ro u p s

S p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s

F o o d p r o d u c t s ________________ ____ 38
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y _______ ____ 20
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s . ____ 6
M a c h in e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) . . 6
P r in t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g ..
____ 5

M e a t p r o d u c t s ------------------------- . . . . 21
C o m m u n i c a t io n e q u ip m e n t . . . . . 19

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p il e d p r i o r t o a c t u a l s u r v e y . P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

4

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . The in d e x e s
a re a m e a s u re o f w a g e s at a g iv en tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w ag es du ring the b a s e p e r io d (date o f the a r e a s u rv e y con d u cted
betw een July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra ctin g 100 fr o m the in dex
y ie ld s the p e r ce n ta g e change in w a g e s fr o m the b a se p e r io d to the
date o f the in d ex .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e re la te to
w age changes betw een the in d ica te d d a te s.
T h e se e s tim a te s a r e
m e a s u r e s o f change in a v e r a g e s fo r the a r e a ; they a r e not in ten ded
to m e a s u re a v e r a g e pay ch a n g es in the e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
M ethod o f Com puting

in the occu p a tio n a l g rou p . T h e s e con sta n t w e ig h ts r e fle c t b a s e y e a r
em p loy m en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) ea r n in g s fo r
ea ch occu p a tion w ere m u ltip lied b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the
p r o d u c ts fo r all occu p a tio n s in the g rou p w e r e to ta le d . T he a g g r e g a te s
fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d by d iv id in g the a g g r e g a te f o r
the la te r y e a r by the a g g re g a te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lta n t
r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r ce n t, sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e. The in d e x
is the p ro d u ct o f m u ltiplyin g the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) by the r e la tiv e
fo r the next su cce e d in g y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d )
each y e a r ’ s r e la tiv e by the p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
fo r the follow in g o ccu p a tio n s w e r e u se d in com p u tin g the w age tr e n d s:

E ach o f the s e le c t e d key o c cu p a tio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
grou p w as a s s ig n e d a w eigh t b a s e d on its p r o p o r tio n a te em p loy m en t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpe nters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Indexes of Standard Weekly Salaries and Straight-Time Hourly Earnings for Selected Occupational Groups in Omaha, Nebr. - Iowa,
October 1967 and October 1966, and Percents of Change1 for Selected Periods
Indexes
(October 1960=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of change 1
October 1966
to
'October 1967

October 1965
to
October 1966

October 1964
to
’October 1965

October 1963
to
October 1964

October 1962
to
October 1963

October 1961
to
'October 1962

October 1960
to
October 1961

October 1967

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women) -------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )------------------Skilled maintenance (men)------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) -------------------Industrial nurses (m en and w om en)------------------Skilled maintenance (m e n ) -----------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------------------

October 1966

123.4

118.9
( 2)
118.6
118.5

3.8

4 .6

(1 3
2)
126.3
122.9

(2 )
6 .5
3.7

(2 )
2.6
3.6

2.6
( 2)
1.5
3 -.3

1.8
3 .0
3. 2
2.6

2.
3.
2.
4.

2
6
9
1

3.6
1.6
2. 6
2 .0

2. 7
( 2)
4. 4
5. 3

119. 2

115.7

3.1

3 .4

1.2

2 .0

1. 6

( 2)
120.9
117.6

(2 )
5 .4
4 .3

( 2)
2.3
2.9

( 2)
2.8
.8

( 2)
3.4
2.6

( 2)
2. 7
4. 4

3.4
(2 )
3. 7
2. 1

3. 2

<2)
127.4
122.6

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 Data do not meet publication criteria.
3 This decrease largely reflects changes in employment among establishments with different pay levels rather than wage decreases.




<2)
4. 3
3. 7

5
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the w age
tren d s r e la t e to r e g u la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w o rk w e e k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s fo r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te sh ifts. The p e r c e n ta g e s a re b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
pa tion s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g rou p .

Changes in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu al w age ch a n g es. It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g es m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m en ts
e n te r e d the a r e a or expan ded th eir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con stan t, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a rea
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e sta b lish m en ts
e n te r e d the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s o f D ata
T h e in d e x e s and p e r ce n ta g e s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu en ced by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age c h a n g e s, (2) m e r it o r oth er in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v era g e
w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y esta b lish m en ts with d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .




The u se of con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w eigh ts elim in a te s the e ffe c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f le c t only changes
in a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
ch a n g es in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , or b y p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d ju sted to re m o v e fr o m
the in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change any sig n ifica n t e ffe c t cau sed
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e of the su rv e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Num
ber
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(stan
dard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

r

i

*

t

$

i\

$

1
1
1
ii
r--------- 5
10 Q
105
IJLD 1 1 5
120
125

Mean2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range 2

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

60

Sex, occupation, and industry division

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

~

-

-

6

5
4

4
3

?

6

7

4

2

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

5
l

5

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

6

8

14

2

10

9

7

-

7

55
Under
S
and
55
under

!
i

i

130

135

14Q

145

r "■
150

140

145

150

over

l

11

2
2

-

3
3
-

-

_

i

and
no

115

12 0

125

130

135

14
14
14

11

2
10

2

1
1

4
“

2
2

4
4

8

MEN
$
$
1 2 2 . 5 0 1 2 5 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0 1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 6 .5 0

£t_£J*KS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IIIT IF S 3 ---------------------------

84
35
49
26

4 0 ,0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

116
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0

$
$
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0

-

-

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------

63

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

CLERKS,

2B

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 9 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

-

NONMANUEACTURING--------------------------------

32

4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0

a 7 . nn
6 t *0 0

TARUt AM NG-MACH INF OPERATORS,
ri a s s a ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

53
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 7 ,5 0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0

BTLIERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M
ACH INF1 ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 . 00
7 3 .0 0

3 TL1 EPS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

30

3 9 .5

BOOKKFF0 ING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
Cl ASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

40
32

anOKKFFf* I NG-MAC. HI N OPFRA TOR 5 ,
E
Cl ASS * ------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

83
61

-

PAYROIL ----------------------------------------

6 1 .0 0 -

22

_

7

-

9
9

3

-

4

-

9

1

1

3

12

14

1

15

9

2

7

-

-

-

3

3

-

-

1

-

-

15
13

-

5
“

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

“

~

-

~

~

-

3
3

3
3

~

"

~

-

"

-

-

7
4

9

-

-

4
-

-

2
2

6

1
1

1
1

7
7

3
l

5
5

2
2

1

-

-

4

-

2

~

8

-

5
5

2

8

-

7 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

6 4 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

8 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

-

4
4

5
5

2
2

7
7

6 6 .0 0

6 3 . 50

6 1 .5 0 -

7 2 .0 0

3

18

1

3

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 6 . 00

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 6 ,5 0
7 3 .5 0

8 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0
6 6 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0

2
2

4

4

17
17

10

~

-

-

-

-

18

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

20

1

“

6

6

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

4
7

3

-

9 3 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

4
7

6

-

1

2

12

-

'

12
6

7 3 .5 0

~

_
~

1

~

9

W EN
OM

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I I I T I F S 3---------------------------

276
44
2 32
82

4 0 .0 10 0 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 0 5 .5 0
99. 5 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0 102. R
O

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0
9 8 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

"

-

-

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NPNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42 9
36
343

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 0 . P 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 0, 5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 0 . CO- 8 7 .5 0

-

1l
6

44

88
12

5

38

50
9
41

CLASS A ---------------------------

29

3 9 .5

n o , 00 1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

-

-

-

C FRKC. FTI.F, CLASS R --------------------------MONMAN'IF AC T UR IN G -------------------------------r
>U3' IC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

3 33
317
7 -r

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

6 6 , 5 0 - 7 8 .0 0
6 6 . 5 0 - 7 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

-

R

45
45

C FRv ° , F I| F , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFAC TURING --------------------------------

1 43
143

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

6 1 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 3. 0 0 - 6 5 . 00
5 8 . CO- 6 5 .0 0

5
5

C FR:<".. O R O F P -------------------------------------------M IF ACTUR INC, ------------------------------------AN
NOMMANUFAC TURING-------------------------------

66

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

1 J. 0 0

6 5 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 2 . 5 J - 9 6 .0 0
6 2 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

C FRk s ,

Cl

Z

FPKs,

' FRK

PIL E,

See footnotes at end of table.




31
35

1 0 1 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
6 9 . 00

3

5
5

-

3

1

1

8
8

6

1

3

4
4

29
16

3

5

“

“

“

~

~

“

“

~

~

25

15

65
3
57
38

30
3

IS
S

7

22

-

-

-

-

2

-

22
8

10

13
9
4

7
l

25
9

29
4
25
5

6

-

-

-

l

22
2

-

2

5
3

“

“

-

~

31

23

1

12

10

24
3

4
3

-

-

-

13

1

~

■

-

19

“

9
5
4
1

8

6

~

‘

1

-

76

57
7
50

48
9
39

-

-

-

-

2

38
88

82
77

9
9

3
3

11

43
37
3

10
8
6

1
1

"
1
1

-

-

“

21

l
”

5
5

4

l

?

19

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
40
40

"

-

“

“

-

-

~

-

-

6

7

2
2

l

-

-

1
6

3
~
3

2

4

3
3

-

-

-

3

-

1

14
9

1

16

-

5

56
56

47
47

25
25

4
4

2
2

2

14

9

-

1

12
12

2

13

5
4

4
4

35
3
32

5
2

8

5
3

1

2

~
?

1

-

7
Tahle A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Omaha, N ebr.—Iowa, October 1967)

•Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of —

)
(standard

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
oikers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

’$
Under

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

ii

1 i

69

60

65

70

75

i>

;
1

80

85

i
90

i—

95

—

j—

10 5

i -----------s —

U0

11 5

\

i

120

123

$

130

1 --------- 1 -------*

135

160

145

150

and
70

75

80

85

90

1

8

24

-

9
4
5

8
1

11

-

7

60

65

-

l
-

-

1

1

8

16

95

100

10 5

11 0

115

120129

X3SL

over

14 0

145

150

_

13 5

1
1

_
_

_
_

-

-

CONTINUED

-

$

CLERKS. P A Y R O L L --— *
------ ---------- —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

107
41

$

$

$

66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 8 .5 0 8 6 .5 0
9 4 . 00 1 0 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 -1 0 3 ,0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 9 7 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPFRATORS -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

21 9
71
148

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -

172

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

9 4 .0 0

8 3 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0

8

8 8 .0 0

_

6

23

19

26

-

—

6

9
3

6

17

8
11

12

-

14

6

7

2

7

14

3

3

5

7

12

a

5

3

1

1

_

2

7
4

1
6

6
2

2

i

3

1
2

1

1

1

16
5

9
7

5

5
5

22

16

25

1

1

15
9

1
1

2

4

~

5
17

1

11

15

24

6

21
10
11

23

15

3

2

1

20

57

_

13

9

2

1

-

20

57

5

21
1

20

_

_

-

-

_

_

2
2

22

7
15

5

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

137

4 0 .0

1 0 1 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

7

2

4

11

KEYPUNCH OPFRATORS» CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------------

396
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

6 6 . 5 0 - 8 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0

-

-

59

130

-

12

2

47
5

46

-

59
5

6

l

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING-------------------

71
58

4 0 .0

7 0 .0 0
6 8 . 50

6 5 .5 0
6 4 . 50

5 9 . 5 0 - 7 7 .0 0
5 9 . 5 0— 7 8 .0 0

19

16
15

8

9

5

4

3 9 .5

3

4

SECRETARIES4 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PURI IC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------

697
247
45 0
148

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0
9 9 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

34
19
15

85
25
60

55

44
18
26

CLASS A ------------

107

4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 7 .0 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
I Uo » o n - nCo • c n
1 n £ UU- *I C !>0

_

NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

68

4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

SECRETARIES. Cl ASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMAN’JF ACTURI N G ------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------

194
42
152
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------- —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------o'lBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------

249
96
153
51

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
I I I . 50

1 0 6 .5 0

8 8 . 0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0

_

_

_

3

1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0

-

-

1 1 2 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, Cl ASS 0 -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

147
70
77

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
88 . 50
9 6 . 5C

9 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

_

_

2

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------- —
MANUC 8 CTUR IN C , -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PURI IC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------

249
48

8 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 0 . 6 0 - 8 6 .0 0
7 3 . 6 0 - 8 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0

_

-

5
5

74

40 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

-

*

S TENOGRAPHFRs ,

308
58
750
139

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0.0
40.0

1 0 0 .0 0

102.00
9 9 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

-

-

SECRETARIES,

”

10 0

ajid
under

$
55

WOMEN

i1

S

«

y A lvili r i r r 1i n r u pj
i U K IIV I
n iM

senior

“

201

-----------------

MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------'URL IC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------

1 1 2 .0 0

9 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 0 6 . 0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
8 3 .6 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

.

3

2

-

-

-

-

8

-

3
5

18
9
9

-

-

_

_

2
2
_

21

1

46

8

96
40
56
25

10

23
14
9

8

29
7

14

10

2
12

34
16

16

_

2

16

-

2

6

9

11
1
10

9

4
-

3
3

13
-

25
5

-

13

20

1
8

"

4

10

10

4

9

6

1

5

5

-

2

2

22

27

6

3
1

10

7
5
2

24

5

8

3
5

_

_

6
1

12

11

4

5
4

8

4
7

4

2

6
1

8
l

6
1

-

5

7

5

4

4

_

I

3

_
_

1

1
2

3
3

2
2

l

»

4

-

1

12

1

1

l

32
19
13
9

15

19
7

34

13
2

11

8

30
9

12
6

26

21

11
11

8

1
1

3

1

6

11

9

12

11

20

39

53

36

15

13

4

9

3

44
6
36
17

12

8

2

41
14

28
9

13
3

1
12

23
23
22

32
32
18

35
29
15

2

13

6

6

3

_

l

8

-

2
1

-

1

_

12

9

l

-

-

2
1

2
2
-

3

2
2

2
-

2
_

8

1

16
5

4

3

1
_

l

8

~

24
3
21

46
40

48
29
19

15
8

7

1

6

89.50

R 7 .5 0

7 5 ,5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

7

3

1

7

2

1

1

-

S^fTC<R)ARO OPFRATORS,

R

----------

123
121

4 1.5

6 3 .5 0

6 1 .0 0

6 5 . ' 0 - 6 9 .0 0
5 5 . 0 0 - 6 8 .5 0

5 30

26

27
27

12

7

3

l

3

4

_

5

5

l

2
2

1

4
l

52
3
49
41

-

5

5
?

2

-

!

1

8

8

40.0




38
4
34
17

_

_

3

28

See footn otes at end of table.

_

7
4

--------

30

_

_

&

KIPMtl A M 1C A r Tl ID I M H _______________

_

9

S*0 TC"R 1 * p 0 OPFRATORS, Cl. ASS
Cl ASS

-

_

6

3

"

-

5
5

22
6

-

-

-

_

7

7
2

-

-

_

15

8

6

-

_

37
4
33

16

6

-

7
7

3

2

_
-

-

2

9

_
-

_

1

12

_
-

_

-

29
17

36
16

_

1

1

-

_

7

21
12

12

-

10
2
8

l

7

_

-

5

19

"

_

-

4
3

8

22

-

_

l
l

11

11
10

-

5
5

_
-

51
18
33

32
14
18

11

15

12

_

_
-

75
15
60
18

35

4
18
4

1
2

_

-

2

55
32
23
13

8
_

3

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_

_
_
-

2
2

2

25

2
_
2
2

-

-

-

"

l

-

-

-

-

-

l

24
24

2

-

_
_

_

_

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O m aha, N e b r.—
Iow a, O cto b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S ex , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
hows1
( standard)

N u m ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr aight-■time w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Mean2

Median 2

£

s
60

U nder
^
£
and
55
u n d er

Middle range 2

*

S

65

70

£

S

£
80

75

£

35

90

$

*
100

95

£
115

1 19

£
120

£

%

125

130

£
135

£
140

£
145

150
and

60
WOMEN -

£

$
105

65

70

75

30

35

90

95

100

105

1)

18

12

43

14

16

2

22

12

34

9

7

*
1

7
7

6

"
18

1
1

1

8
8

'

6
6

1
1

25

18

14

34

29

1A
14

13

1^
0
18

9

17

13

6

5

1

5

1

110

115

120

125

2
2

140

145

1

130

135

150

over

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECFPTIONISTSm <\Mi cr n r- t i in ta n
a kit M a U 1 UK IfNfj
#
— —
— —
—
KD W fN r* At. |UK |IN —
lU A U
M
IN lNt AIIIIC ArTIIDMir
o ----------- — —
— —

161
^2

40.0
39, 5
4 0.0

$
77.00
82 * s !
75.5 0

$
74.00
82.00
72.50

$
6 7.007/. A,'3_
a /. CA—

TABU! AT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

$
86,00
07 An
o D AA
OC*UU

7
“
7

39
38

. J

a7 *^n
d7.50

o 1 *nn
8! .. 0

7C 9 c r t -l A L AA
C
1 z) '>'/ 1UD»UU
7 D• U' J 'Um iU u
f c a a —j O nn

142

MnftiUAuiic AU 1UK f Nb — —
IN
UU*! ANyr A r n in l hir
—

39* 5

76* 50

73*50

6 6 .0 0 - 8 5.50
2 C CA_ OA CA

2^2
212

to .0
40

* 0
88. nn

« a* nn
88.00

“7 2 AA— QQ AA
f)|UU“ 77#UU
T S 9 UA—1 AA DU
(» O AU lUU# CA
.
**

293

4 0.0

68.00

67.50

259

40*0

68*50

68 * 00

*
7

9

9

6
1
1

*

2
2

2
2

2

6
6

£

3

3

20
20

**

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
AiriuUAikiiic Ar 1UK r mo
INUM^ANUT A tub 1 nib —
U
tx/ r tc tc « LLA j d A
1 Yh I 'j 1 > r i a c r ii
mokiu Amir i r I hit
N rl ANUr AUtiUK i
IJIN

-----

---- - —
—
Kir — — — —
<U — —
N

—
—
-----

TYPISTS. CL ASS R -------------------------------------uamiicao rnn Tiir
.- • — —
n | r Qu 1UK 1
^
—
M M MlIC AT 1UK l IN
DM A
_
INlJiNolAiNUr flb TIID HIT
U
—

31

3

21

9

V*

9
47

69

57

78

35

6 2 .0 0 - 73.00
c q c A— 70 UU
70*9\J" IZ* on
ad i ’JU* 7 i nn
O c nA— 1 3#uU

69

44

19

75

1

7 37

13

1

3

29

2

2

29

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k l o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m ea n is c o m p u te d f o r e a ch j o b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . The m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than
the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t „ o o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fo u r th e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s oth er than th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
20 at $40 to $45; 2 at $45 to $50; and 8 at $50 to $55.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , O m aha , N e b r.—Iow a, O cto b e r 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

_

_
75

and
under

Median 2

80

1-----148.50
40. 0 115.00
4 0 .0 113.00

113.00
110.00

40.0
40.0

9 4.5 0
9 7 , 00

93.50
95.00

8 6 .5 0 - 99.00
90.0 0-10 9.0 0

_
85

85
_

90

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

_
90

_
-

-

1 04 .50-123.50
1 05 .00-119.00

tpaftsmfn,

80

_

_

95
_

95

-

_

_

100

105
_
-

-

-

11 0

115

_
-

-

_
-

100

105

110

115

3
3

17
5

11
9

11
3

11
8

2
1

1
1

120

$

120
-

_

t

£ $

130

135

125
_

125

-

-

130

135

140

$ £ $

140
-

145

_
145

-

150

_

-

150

£
155

155

1 60

160
_
165

s

165
_
170

$

170

175

175

OVg r

_

and

7
7

1 27.50-163.00

07AFT^MFN« CLASS 3
M JP ACTUR INC —
AN

_

08 AF Ti;. 8F N,

CLASS A

CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

1
1
1
l

12
5

Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e
to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - l .




6
4

16
11

12
8

4

1

7

2

s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r t im e at re g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m

r a te s )

and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d

9
Tabic A-3, Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Om aha, Nebr.—Iowa, October 1967)
Average
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
9n_LfcKS. MACHINE I BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

Average
Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

40 ' 4 0 , 0
37
4 0 .0

$
8 5 . 00
8 4 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS------------------- -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

223
72
151

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0.0

9 0.50
8 9.00
9 1.00

30

6 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

176
35
141

3 9.5
39.5
4 0.0

9 8.5 0
86.00
101.50

47
39

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 . 00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
Cl ASS B ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

83
61

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANJF AC TU RIN G--------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1----------------2

360
79
281
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 . 50
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 4 . 00
1 0 7 .0 0

T ERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
.I
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

545
113
432

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

38
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0

S' ERKS. F IL E , CLASS B ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------0UB! IC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------

338
32 2
78

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

C ERK'~, F IL F , CLASS C ----------------»
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

143
143

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 2 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

SI ERy S . O R D E R ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANOF ACTURING---------------------

129
44
85

40.0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 6 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

S' FIU \, PAYROLL -----------------------------M >- ACTIJR I N G ---------------------------AN
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------"UR* TC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------

135
46

40.0
40.0

89

40.0

37

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANJFACTURING --------------------------------

40 0
41
35 9

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

7 5.0 0
83.00
7 4.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

115
25
90

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

6 9.50
7 0.50
6 9.50

SECRETARIFS 3 ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIE S 2 ---------------------------

705
247
45 8
156

3 9.5
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

‘ 104.00
100.50
105.50
109.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

107
39

40.0
39.5
40.0

114.00
113.00
115.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS 8 ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONM
AN JF AC TUR I N G ------------------ ------------PUBLIC U TILITIES 2 ---------------------------

20 1

38

39.5
39.0
39.5
4 0.0

105.50
104.00
105.50
113.50

SFC^FfARIFS, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IF S 2---------------------------

250
96
1 54
52

40.0
39.5
4 0.0
40.0

104.50
103.00
105.50
112.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANJFACTURING -------------------------------

147

3 9.5
39.0
40.0

92.50
88.50
9 6.50

8 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

8 5 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
9 6 . 50
9 1 .5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

STFNOGRAPHFRS, GFNFRAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NPNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------’ IB' IC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------

Average
Occupation and industry division

68

42

159

70

77
257
48
209
82

40.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.0

82.00
79.50
82.50
8 8.50

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 2 ---------------------------

310
58
252
141

$
4 0 . 0 1 0 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 0 2 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 1 0 0 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 . 5 0

SW TCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A -------T

28

4 0 ,0

8 9 .5 0

SW TCMBOAR0 OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------T
NUNM
ANIJF ACTURING--------------------------------

123
121

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

161
42
119

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
Cl. ASS 3 -------------------------------------------------------NONMANJFACTURING -------------------------------

84
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

T ABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
Cl ASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANJFACTURING --------------------------------

51
45

4 3 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

T® AN SCR I 8 1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GFNFRAL ------------------------------------------------------NONMAN JF ACTURING--------------------------------

154
142

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0
7 6 . 50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------NDNMAN IFACTURING-------------------------------

252
212

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
88.00

TYOT STS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

293
34
259

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68.00
6 6 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
CLASS A ----------------------------------

56

4 3 .0

1 4 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

76
35

4 3 .0
4 0 ,0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

61
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN,

1 Standard hours r efle ct the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d/or prem ium ra tes), and the earnings
correspond to these w eekly hours.
2 T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.




10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha N e b r .—
Iowa, October 1967)
Hourly earnings 1

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourlv earnings
$

$

S

$

Occupation and industry division

w
orkers

edian 2
Mean1 M
2

M
iddle range 2

2 .2 0

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE —«
---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$

$

$

$

101

3 .3 2
3 .6 4

2 .9 8
3 .7 4

2 .9 3 3 .0 8 -

3 .7 5
3 .9 9

-

35

clECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

102
88

3 .7 4
3 .7 3

3 . 70
3 .7 1

3 . 3 1 - 3 .8 8
3 .1 9 - 3 .8 5

_

2 . 40 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

-

-

Under

$
2 .3 0

2 .3 0

N ber
um

-

-

2 .2 0

-

3 .2 5
3 . 50
2 .9 5

3 .3 1
3 .6 9
3 .1 4

2 .7 5 - 3 .8 0
3 .0 7 - 4 .0 3
2 .5 8 - 3 .3 3

5
5

-

STATIONARY B O R E R ----------------

32

3 . 12

3 .3 0

2 .9 0 - 3 .5 7

4

-

Lief ncpc
AT
“ tu “ rKot M NTFMAMrF TD AnF<
nAl ni CnArtUt InAUCo
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------mini 1L U 1 1 I 1 lt.5
r(JBL t r iit iiL i T ic r 3

81
57

2 60
2 . 51

2 71
2 .6 6

2 2 7 - 2 79
2 . 2 6 - 2 .7 5

1

24
23

MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

92
91

3 .6 3
3 .6 2

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

3 .4 0 3 .3 9 -

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3 4
---------------------------

305
60
245
227

3 .3 8
3 .0 4
3 .4 6
3 .4 8

3 . 18
2 .9 9
3 .3 1
3 .3 3

3 . 0 7 - 3 .8 4
2 .7 7 - 3 .0 9
3 .1 3 - 3 .8 6
3 .1 3 - 3 .8 6

-

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING — ---------------------------------

261
25 5

3 .3 8
3 . 36

3. 36
3 . 36

3 . 0 7 - 3 .7 1
3 . 0 6 - 3 .6 9

_

MILLWRIGHTS -----------------------------------------------A A il If APTIIB V
MA
Air
nANUrAU f UKInlb
" ^

54
54

3 .8 4
3 . 84

3 . 76
3 . 76

3 .6 7 - 4 .1 4
3 .6 7 - 4 .1 4

-

-

OILERS -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

59
59

3 .2 6
3 . 26

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

2 .8 4 2 .8 4 -

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------- -----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

50
28

3 .3 4

2 .7 5 - 4 .1 2
2 . 0 5 - 3 .6 0

47

2 .8 6

3 . 56
2 .9 1

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
42

3 .7 8
3 .8 9

3 . 69
3 .7 4

3 . 3 8 - 3 .8 8
3 .5 8 - 4 ,2 1

c IREMEN.

1
2
3
4

1
1

3
3

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

1

-

-

-

-

4
3

1

“

_

-

-

1

3
3

2

14
13

-

g

1

_

-

“

-

18
18

_

-

-

3
3

-

-

_

7

3
3

_

-

_

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

-

-

-

-

~

8

57
3

4
4

3
3

12
12

1
6

4
4

-

2

6

2

27
25

j

1

7

3 . 00 3 . 1 0

3
3

-

%

3 .4 0

$
3.5 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0 3 ,8 0

-

-

-

-

-

~

8
8

-

16

“

8

14
4

2

10

-

2
2

of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0 4 . 40 4 . 6 0 4 . 8 0 5 . 0 0

$

3 .6 0

4 .2 0

2
2

1
1

2
2

28
28

8
8

3
3

5
-

-

-

5
5

6
6

l

5
5
-

4 .4 0

4 . 60 4 .8 0

18
18

15

_

6

-

5 .0 0 5 .2 0

5
5

_

_

-

-

1

_

1
1

3
3

1
1

_
_

_
_

_

-

12
12

4
3
1

4 .0 0

3
3

17
17

7

-

-

-

4

10
8
2

12
12

12

-

4

-

-

-

1

28
28

29
29

2
2

1
1

1

8
8

89

22

_
_

11

9
_
_
-

16

3
3

3
3

12
12

5
5
“

14
14
"

19
3
16
16

17
7
7

30
15
15
7

79
79

4
4
4

14
14
4

-

9
9

1
1

12
12

9
9

24
24

5
5

21
21

50
50

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

2
2

7
7

-

-

-

*

-

12
12

-

2
2

-

-

7
7

-

_

_

-

2
2

~

~

~

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

10

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of t e r m s, see f ootnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and.other public u tilities.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follows*. 2 at $ 1 .8 0 to $ 1 .9 0 ; and 5 at $ 1 .9 0 to $ 2 .




9
9

-

3 .8 6
3 .8 5

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

*

$
$
3 .2 0 3 .3 0

and
under

141
78
63

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY --------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------- --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

i
$
$
4
$
2 . 7 0 2 •80 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0
!

10

-

81
2

-

5
5

-

2
1
1
1

_

-

1
1

_
_

_
_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

_

-

87
87

22
22

7
7

54
54

36
34

8
8

4
-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

11
11

24
24

5
5

3
3

9
9

1
1

1
1

-

-

5
5

12
12

9
9

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

7
“

-

-

-

-

1
1

6
6

2
2

1

_

_

-

-

1

2
2

17
5

17
17

1
1

2
2

2

l

_

-

7
7

-

_

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , O m aha, N e b r.—Iow a, O c t o b e r 1967)
'

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation 1 and industry division

of
workers

.Numbe r of w orkers receiving s
straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
Under-J^ 40 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0
*
and
JL*JtQ under
$

Number
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1*50
$
1 .8 7
2 .4 8

2 . 54

$
$
1 .4 7 - 2 .3 5
2 .1 7
2 .0 7

>8

2 * 22

2 . 32

1 .6 9 - 2 .5 2

1 ,2 6 4
234
1 ,0 3 0
08

1 .7 1

1 .5 6

1 . 4 6 - 1 .8 6
1 .9 4 - 2 .6 8

i * --n
t* of
2 , 26

1 .5 2
2 . 39

1 .8 8 - 2 .6 4

1. 55
1 .7 9

1 . 4 7 - 1 .7 3
1 . 4 7 - 1 .6 7
1 .5 3 - 2 .6 5

$ _

S
$
1.,7 0 1 . 8 0

$

1. 90

2 .Q 0 2 . 1 0

$

t
$
t
$
2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

$

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

2 .1 0

$

$

%

2 . AO 2 . 7 0 2 . 8 0 .2 . 9 0

S
3 .0 0

$
$
$
3 . 1 0 3 . ,20 3 . 4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0
and

,8 0 1 . 9 0

L . 6 .Q

$

2 .,.0.0 2 . 1 0

96

in

1

3

2 .2 0

7

1A

1

2 .6 0

1A

3
3

. 80 2 ,. 9 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 . 3 - 7 0
1n
7

9M
g

10
10

3
3

c

24

4

1

20
4
4

"
_

35
35

3 .,40 3 . 6 0 - 3 . 8 0 overi

1

4
*

6
6

WATCHMEN:

JANITORS*

PORTERS. AND CLEANERS ------

12

*

3

91

37 4

279
27

91

366

2 ? !'

129

51

1 IT
rr

_

41
7

15

4

28
13
15

6

28

7

1 .6 9
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------< AlJUKtKbf MAltKIAL HANuLlNb —
UITCDMI III fc TIIP — — —
lfM
L Ao no CQf
—
UAMiae i r mUK tkir
nAntirAu 1 n inu
*
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------p; iqi i r U( I I TTIP^^___________ —
_____
“ JoL i t h t TL 1 1 I t j
non CO r l ltl i K b
ct r eo c
UKUCK
— —
— — — — — — — —
—— —
—
M
AN'.IF AC TUR ING “ — — — — — — — — —
— — — — — —— —
iiamui kitir ir r1UKt nr — — — — — —
NUWriANUrAV# n n INU — — — — — — —
—
m rw cn c j H u r n im Nb — — — — — — — —
r l t r l ir
P A C » '
— —
—— — —
u iM iicirrn o Llib
nAnUr AL 1UK n ir —— —
— — — — — — — —
— — —
—
—
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------- ■

37

2 .0 8
2 .6 2

349
308

2 .6 9

2 54
3 .0 0
3 . 12

165
450

3 . 16
2 . 54

3* 13
2 . 61

in i

73
8

2 1 6 - 2 92
2 .4 5 - 3 .0 7

I

2#34~ l ' j n

”

2 .7 5

1A7
147

1

-

1

al

34

2 * 06

2

07

1 14

1 .9 2
1 .9 8
1. 76

1 .9 1
1 . 88
1 .9 4

1 . 5 0 - 1 .9 8
1 . 5 5 - 1 .9 8
1 . 4 8 - 1 .9 9

99

2 . 35

2 53
2 .5 3
O 7A

Z9

2 . 70

2 .7 5

52
35

2 68

2 .6 3

2 58
2 .5 6

799
244

9 Qp
2* 87
3 .4 5

2 83
3 .0 3
3 .5 4

2 .5 8 2 .6 5 2 .4 7 3 .5 0 -

JT}

s

2* ^ 4

l 41

3 55

2

3* 15
2 .8 0
3 .3 5

3* 34
2 .9 0
3 .5 2

2
2

7

11

7

13

15

2

j

18

17

g

116

7

7

111

1

5

27
24
3

9
9

10

14

41

27

22

23

26

22

1
22

3

~

3

—

2

14

14

15

4
4

14

14

14

12

18

4
4

44
16
28
28

-

-

-

-

14
3

9

-

7

11

16

g

3

1A
1A
14

PACKERS. SHIPPING (WOMENl
MANUFACTURING ~— -------- — ------------ — NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------bcrcTi/TMr PI tKfvi
— —
K tU tiV INb b l CDI/C — — — — - — — — —
—— —
imiiii ami ic AC nUK 1ur — — — — — — — —
NUNMANUr i/* T iof Nb —
— — —— —

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT ( UNDER
1— Lf r. 1UNS 1
'— — —— — — —
— —— —
k nklli A k 1 AP XI ID fklP — — — — — — —
t
ll C
—
— — —
NUNNANUrAblUKlNb — — — — —— — —
—
— — —
PURI I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------------- —
TRUCKORIVFRS. MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
Akin lNbLUUINb a aUNo 1 — — — — —
P
ANU t M l iini Mr x Tnwci — — — — —
—
UAMi r* Al 1UK 1Nb
— — — — — — —
n AN ICATTIID IMP — — — — — — —— —
U
.
— —
kimiuAinie irru n 1 N b
NUiN^AiNUr Ab I UK f Air
——————————
PUBLIC UTILIT LES4 ----------------------------

See footn otes at end of table,




87

27

11

1

—

o ri
29

_

26

20

—

9

12

16
16

40

5

9

1
39

5

1

2
2

4
4

ii

3

71
12

g
g

59

g
4
4

37
1

35
18
17

41
7

11

31

33
23

51

17
j

28
5

*2*
115

28
26

126

21

37
34

12^

3

g
g

3
3

36

24

10

30

g
g

1
1

21
21

53

40
40

39

23
23

10
10

7

12
12

—

3

9
4

2

—
—

1

—

3
3

4
1

2

5
5

2

5

7

1

12

33

18

14

5

7

1

12

33

18

7

1 .9 6 - 3 .1 9
1 . 9 1 - 3 .5 0

5
5

3 .3 7
3 .3 8
3 .1 6
3 .5 6

1

7

3 .3 4
3 .3 5
3 .2 0
3 .5 7

2 .4 6 3 .0 4 2 .4 4 3 .1 4 -

6

1
6

2

7

5
5

7
7

1

5
6

-

l

1
1

3

g

3 55

387
131

l
5

6

18
14

18

2 , 5 2 “ 2 .7 5
2 .5 1 - 2 .7 2

TRUCK DR IVERS
——
— — —
—
——
1 A it IC ATTIIO IMP — —
1 k
—
WAMUr Ab I UK INb — — — — — — — — —
— — —— —
"
k k U M IC Ab XI ID1 Nb — — — — — — —
lO t A l
J
NlFiflAlrUr Ap 1UK I K P — — — — — — —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4---------------------------

j

10

59
54
5
5

2

2 .6 1 - 2 .9 5
2 . 5 5 - 2 .9 5

riiTnnvik^ AN U nerCTuviiP ri cni/c — — —
SHIPr l Kj Akin KfcbfclVlNb LltKIvb
—
MANUF ACT UR I NG — — — — — — — — —
— p
—
—
—

1

2 05
2 63
1 .8 8 - 2 .5 9

rn * nnfhir ri rni/r — — — — — — — — —
SHI PrINb CL rRlsb
—
—
— — — — —
umiu iih r i m id t nr
IM nAM ic Ab I UK1Nb — — — — — — ——
UN
U
—— — — —— —

1

2 70
3 23
2« 0 3 - 2 *1 8

18

^7

16
1
15

1

1
y

30
4
1
1

22
21

t * 1 0 - a*n1
2 .1 9
3 .0 1

5

16

l

5

24

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
10'

35
19
16

9

15
15

9

7

16

9

7

16

9

4.
2
2

_

_

14
7
7

2
2

26
4
22

17
12
5

129
7
122

38
38

12
11

3
3

,
_

34

1

17

_
133
98
35

67
39
28

6
2

33
32

20

14
4

105
1

17
7

10

104

10

10
7
3

9
4
5

5
5

2

2

2

5
5

3
3

5

_

11

4
2

12
12

5

4
4

2

3

3

j

24
19

22
12

3

1

1

47
26
21
21

1
1

77
42
35

3
2

3

79
79

250
55
195
192

100
5

138

95
1

138
30

-

1

j

40
40

78
78

103

1

15

1

22
1
21
21

22
1
21

64

29

5

59

29
?Q
t.7

20

83
on
ou

t
1

-

1

-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, October 1967)1
5
4
3
2

1 Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherw ise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 For definition of te r m s, see footnote Z, table A - l .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all d r iv e r s, as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.




13

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s tu d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , O m a h a , N e b r . —Iow a, O c t o b e r 1967)
O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r i e n c e d t y p is t s

M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d ______________________________________

140

48

XXX

92

XXX

140

48

XXX

92

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m _________________

41

17

15

24

19

68

26

23

42

32

1
6
8
8
5
3
2
1
3

_

_

_

_

.

1
4
4
-

1
4
4
-

1
4
9

-

1
1
3

1
1
2

5
2
4
3
3
1

1
4
9

-

1
5
4
4
5
3
1
-

-

11
2
5
4
4
1
1

-

-

-

2
1
1

2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _______________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ____________________________________________________

U n d e r $ ‘S'S.
$ 5 5 . 00 an d
$ 5 7 . 50 a n d
$ 6 0 .0 0 and
$ 6 2 . 50 a n d
$ 6 5 .0 0 and
$ 6 7 .5 0 and
$ 7 0 . 00 an d
$ 7 2 . 50 an d
$ 7 5 . 00 a n d
$ 77 . 50 a n d
$ 8 0 . 00 a n d
$ 8 2 . 50 an d

00
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 __________________________________ __
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 _____ ________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _______________________ ______ _______
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ___________________________ _____ ____
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ___________________________________ _
o v e r _________________________________________________

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

-

-

3
14
9
15
5
4
4
1
4
1
2
2
4

14

7

XXX

7

XXX

50

20

XXX

30

XXX

85

24

XXX

61

XXX

22

7

XXX

20

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s su c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd

-

_

3
13
5
6
5
4
1
1

4
1
2

3
1
1

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

2

2

2
2

2
2

-

_

3

2

w ork w eek s.

.

14




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(Shift differentials of m anufacturing plant w ork ers by type and amount of d ifferential,
Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ctober 1967)
P ercen t of manufacturing plant w orkers—
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T o t a l ____________ ____________________________________

9 0 .1

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

8 5 .4

A c t u a l l y w o>rking o n —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft

1 6.7

4 .7

W it h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________

8 8 .2

8 3 .5

1 6 .7

4 .7

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ________________________

6 5 .3

6 0 .6

1 0 .5

2 .9

5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
6 c e n t s ___________________________________________
7 l/ 2 c e n t s _______________ _______________________
8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
8V2 c e n t s ________________________________________
9 V2 c e n t s ----------- -------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s __________________________________________
11 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
I2V2 c e n t s _______________________________________
13 c e n t s __________________________________________
14 c e n t s __________________________________________
15 c e n t s __________________________________________
19 V2 c e n t s _______________________________________

1 0 .4
2 .2
2 .9
1 .8
.6
2 6 .5
1 .0
1.9
1 6 .4
1 .6

1.5
1.8
.6
2 3 .5
1.0
5 .2
1.5
1.9
1 6.4
5 .5
1.6

1 .8
.4
.8

5 .9
(2)
.2
.8
.6

_
1 .3
.8
.1
.1
.3
.2

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________

2 2 .3

1 9 .3

6 .0

1.5

5 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _______________________________________

.9
2 .9
1 8 .4

.9
1 8.4

.2
.6
5 .3

1.5

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

.6

3 .6

.2

.4

W it h n o s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

1.8

1.8

even

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

(1)
2

w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r i n g

-

la t e

s h ifts

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sch e d u le d w eek ly h o u r s 1
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , O m aha, N e b r.—Iow a, O cto b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ___

____________

_________________

U n d e r 2 > ll / z h o u r s ____ _
_ _ _ ___ _ _____
3 7 V2 h o u r s ______ ________ _ ______ ____________ _____
_
O v e r 37V2 an d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________________
4 0 h o u r s _____ ___________________________ ________ _
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ________________________
4 4 h o u r s ___________________________ __________ __
45 h o u r s
__________
_____________________ ____
4 7 h o u r s ____________ ____________________ ____ _____
48 h o u r s ________ ___ ____________________ __
___
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s _____ __________ ________ — --------

1
2
3
4
5

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s 3

100

100

100

1
1

3

-

-

94
1
.
3
1

( 5)
76
1
3
5
1
8
3

85
( 5)
6
5
( 5)
1

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 4

100

1
2
3
87
4
2
1
1.

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

2
3
93
1
1
-

99
1
1
-

-

( 5)

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a jo r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a il t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

-

16

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by num ber of paid h olid a y s
p ro v id e d annually', O m aha, N e b r.—Iowa, O cto b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

Item
A ll i n d u s t r ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ___________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

85

93

93

98

98

100

15

7

7

2

2

“

1
31
2
12
2
32
3
1

2
15
3
13
3
49
5
3

-

6
27
60
“

(4 )
34

4
28
68
-

(4 )

1
25
2
16
3
45
5
1

1
4
38
53
53
84
84
84
85

3
9
61
76
76
91
93
93
93

60
87
87
93
93
93
93

(4 )
1
29
63
63
97
97
98
98

1
6
54
73
73
97
98
98
98

N um ber o f days
L e s s th a n 6 h o l i d a y s ________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ____________________________ _______________
9 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
11 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________

(4 )
5
29
2
26
1

-

■

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5

11 d a y s _________________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ________________________________________

-

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c lu d e s
and n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s th en w e r e c u m u la te d .




-

68
96
96
100
100
100
100

th ose

w ith 9 f u l l d a y s

17

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Omaha, N e b r .—Iowa, O cto b e r 1967)
O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
89
10
-

100
82
18
-

98
96
3

100
99
1
-

100
94
6
-

100
99
(5)
-

1
36
7

2
42
5
2

1
39
-

84
16
-

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t . ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
O t h e r _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ............... .......... ................. - ---------------

1

Z

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pa y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ................................. ......................... - ------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ............... ............. ......... .......
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________

(5)
1

32
11
2

1
20
'

(5)

85
3
9
1
1

83
5
8
2
2

83
4
12
'

45
54
1
“

24
70
6

46
7
44
1
1

44
9
43
2
2

67
4
26
2

7
14
78
1

10
1
82
6

“

-

10
3
81
3
1

9
1
81
7
2

5
4
89
2

2
(5 )
95
3

6
1
87
6

100
-

-

~

-

10
3
81
3
1

8
1
82
7
2

5
4
89
2

2
(5 )
95
3

3
1
90
6

100
-

-

-

-

3
2
84
3
5

3
83
7
8
"

95
4

(5 )
88
1
11

1
79
6
14

-

-

99
1
'

(5 )
29
1
61
3
5

1
22

3

15
11

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ..............................................
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
55
43
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ______________ ______ ____
3 w e e k s --------- -------- ----------------- ----------- ------------------------A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k . . .............................................................. ..........................
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ___________________________ _____________________

(5)

h

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

See footn otes at end o f ta b le.




3
38
1
52
3
2

3
32
-

55
7
3

_

11
5
83
“

-

-

-

69
6
1

97
■

18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

{ P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , Omaha, N e b r .—
Iowa, O cto b e r 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
_
_
...
. ....
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------4 w e e k s ________________ __________ _____ _________ _____

3
31
1
58
3
2

3
18
1
68
7
3

_
8
5
86
-

3
25
58
1
8
3
1

3
9
65
2
13
5
3

1
84
13
-

3
23
28
1
33
1
7
3

3
9
33
35
2
13
5

3
23
23
1
38
1
6

3

3
9
24
41
2
13
5

4
92
-

1

3

-

-

(5)
23
2
67
3
5

1
15
3
74
6
1

(5 )
14
3
72

1
8
70
2
14
5
1

_
2
98
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ......................... ........ .......... ............... ......................... .
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ___________ ________ _____
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s -------------------------------------5 w e e k s ______________________________ __________________
A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ----- ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 a n d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________________

-

_
1
6
8
84
-

(5 )
10
1
(5 )

(5)
14
40
1
37
(5 )
7
1

1
8
27
46
2
13
5

.
2
_
96
2
-

_
2
2
_
96
_
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 5 a n d u n d e r 6 w e e k s _________________________
6 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

2

(5)
14

22
1
54

(5 )
7
1
(5 )

1
8
18
53

2

12
5
1

M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a il a b l e 7
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s .......................................................................................
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 an d u n d e r 5 w e e k s _________________________
5 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 5 an d u n d e r 6 w e e k s -------------------------------------6 w e e k s ________________________________________________

3

3

23
23
1
38
1
6
3
1

9
24
41
2
13
5
3

_
1

2
4
92
-

(5 )
14

22
56

-

(5)
7
1

■

( 5)

-

1
8
18
53
2
12
5
1

_
2
1
_
97
_
_
_

_
2
1
_

97
_
_

-

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fit s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lif y in g le n g t h s
se r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d \ r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r tha n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , : c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
F o r e x a m p le , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s '
p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 E s t i m a t e s o f p r o v i s i o n s f o r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e a r e i d e n t ic a l .
of




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P erc en t of plant and office w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
health, in su r a n ce , or pen sion b e n e fit s , 1 O m ah a, N e b r.—Iow a, O cto ber 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll i n d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 1
3
2

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

100

100

1 00

100

100

89

98

98

94

98

99

48

59

34

43

56

44
82

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u ra n ce
_____ ___ ___
_
_ _____
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5_____ — — _ ___ -

76

92

40

84

89

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k le a v e (f u l l p a y an d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) —_____________________________
S i c k le a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) __ L_________________________ —

62

85

26

34

75

5

8

4

7

58

44

78

26

35

21

13

18

1

H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e _
_
_
- ___
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________ _
_
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------—
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e ___
_____
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n — ____ _______
____
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p la n —__ —

86
86
82
62
60
4

97
97
97
66
73

98
98
95
94
43

95
95
90
82
69
( 6)

99
99
99
87
85

99
99
99
99
44

( 6)

(6)

(6)

2

In clud es th ose p lans fo r w hich at le a st a p art of the c ost is borne by the e m p lo y e r , except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c om p en sation , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d retir e m e n t.
In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le t r a d e , re ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
In clud es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
U n d up licated total of w o r k e r s rec eiv in g sic k leave or sic k n ess and accident in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
S ick le a v e plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e sta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n um ber of d a y s ' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y ee .
In form al sic k le a v e allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is are ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
1
2
3
4
5




20

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv isio n s by o v e r tim e p r e m iu m pay
p r o v is io n s , O m aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O cto b e r 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p a y p o l i c y
A l l in d u s t r ie s 1

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

100

A ll w o rk e r s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

65

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

D a i ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________________________________

88

98

31

57

59

T im e a n d o n e - h a l f ____________ _____________ __
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
7 l/ z h o u r s _________________ _______ ______
8 h o u r s ______________________________________
10 h o u r s ____________________________________

65

88

98

31

57

59

1
64
1

3
86

-

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6_________________ __________ .___

35

12

94

100

100

99

100

100

94

100

100

99

100

100

1

2

-

_

-

-

-

_

98

100

1
97

-

-

100

100

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

94
5

(5 )
31

-

-

57

59
-

-

-

69

43

W e e k ly o v e r t i m e a t p r e m iu m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay 4
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s ______________ _____________
T im e an d o n e - h a l f _____ __________________
E ffe c t iv e a fte r :
37 l/ z h o u r s __ __________ ___ _______ __
3 8 3 4 h o u r s _____ _____________________________
/
40 h o u r s _ _________________ _____ __
42 h o u r s ______ _____________________________
4 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e pay
a t p r e m iu m r a t e s 6_______________________________

_

91
1
2

6

1

Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv ision s shown s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c o v ere d by le g is la tiv e req u ir em e n ts r egard in g p rem iu m pay for o v e r tim e , even though such w o r k e r s a c tu a lly do not w ork o v e r t im e .
G raduated
p r o v isio n s for p rem iu m pay a r e c la s s ifie d under the f ir s t e ffe ctiv e p rem iu m r a te . F o r e x a m p le , a plan callin g for tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 and double tim e a fte r 10 h ours would be c o n sid ere d
as tim e and o n e -h a lf a fte r 8 h o u r s. S im ila r ly , a plan callin g for no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate a fter 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf
a fte r 40 h o u rs.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
6 Includes w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts ex em p t fr o m le g is la tiv e req u ir em e n ts r egard in g p r em iu m pay for o v e rtim e and w h e r e , as a m a tte r o f p o lic y , o v e r tim e is not w o rk ed .
1
2
3
4




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureaufs wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors;
apprentices; learners; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BILLER, MACHINE— Continued
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to
billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are clas­
sified by type of machine, as follows:

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and
invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders,
shipping memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of pre­
determined discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary
extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing ma­
chine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine.
The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the
bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.
Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), oost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical




Note: Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collecting data for duplicatingmachine operators and elevator operators.

21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi- .
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting cleiks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.

CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material.
May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related Clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.

CLERK, ORDER

Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL

Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e. g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Wbrks fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of com ­
parable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge of
office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and pro­
cedures related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial woik.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does notin all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5, (XX) persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24

SECRETA RY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate - wide functional activity (e .g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment ( e .g ., a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively rou­
tine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not
include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

OR
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
by the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and
Class C
office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization,
policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in per­
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
forming stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, main­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
taining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums,
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
letters, e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as
conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing
routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full­
time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the
establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for
telephone information purposes, e.g., because of overlapping or interrelated
functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which exten­
sions are appropriate for ca lls.)

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e .g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from writ­
ten copy.




Class B. Operates a singler or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understand­
able for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g. , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if
complex calls are referred to another operator. )

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single-position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woxk
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MA CHINE OPERATOR

Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and
sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations,
or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating
sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working
supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and day-to-day
supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulatingmachine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts o f a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical woik. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenog­
rapher, general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

P ROF ESSI ONAL * A ND T E C H N I C A L
DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medi­
cal direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

M A I N T E N A N C E A N D P O WE R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Jhstalling or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woik involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker;

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from
models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;
using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring
instruments; understanding of the working properties of common metals
and alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equip­
ment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,
speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during
fabrication as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qual­
ities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to pre­
scribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials,
tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires
a rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

gage maker)

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

C US T O D I A L AND M A T E R I A L MOVEMENT

GUARD AND WATCHMAN

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.

trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commerical
or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,




A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from
freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and trans­
porting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded.

30
ORDER, FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V 2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)




A v a i la b le O n R e q u e s t -----

The
eighth annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s
for accou ntants,
au d itors,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u lle t in 1 5 8 5 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 6 7 .
F i ft y c e n ts
a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Docum ents, U .S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A rea

Bulletin number
and price

A kron, O hio, July 1967 1_______________________________ 1530-86,
A lbany—
Schenectady— r o y , N .Y ., Apr. 1967__________ 1530-62,
T
A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1967_____________________ 1530-60,
Allentown— ethlehem —E aston, Pa.— J .,
B
N.
F eb. 1967 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 1530-53,
Atlanta, G a ., May 1967 — ---------------------------------------------- 1530-71,
B a ltim ore, M d ., O ct. 1967____________________________ 1575-18,
Beaumont— o rt Arthur— range, T ex ., May 1967____ 1530-74,
P
O
B irm ingh am , A la ., A p r . 1967 1-_______________________ 1530-63,
B oise C ity, Idaho, July 1967__________________________ 1575-3,
B oston , M a ss ., Sept. 1967 1____________________________ 1575-13,

Z ? cents
25 cents
20 cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1966 1______________________________ 1530-38,
Burlington, V t ., M ar. 1967 1 __________________________
1530-52,
Canton, O hio, A pr. 1967_______________________________ 1530-58,
C h arleston , W. V a ., A pr. 1967 ------------------------------------- 1530-61,
C h arlotte, N .C ., A pr. 1Q6 7 ____________________________ 1530-64,
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Aug. 1967------------------------------- 1575-7,
C h icago, 111., A pr. 1967 1 ______________________________ 1530-73,
C incinnati, Ohio— y.— d., M ar. 1967_______—________ 1530-56,
K
In
1967__________________________ 1575-14,
C leveland. O hio, Sept.
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-20,
D allas, T e x ., Nov. 1967____________________________ ___ 1575-20,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents

Davenpoxfc— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M
111.,
O ct. 1967_______________________________________________
Dayton, O hio, Jan. 1967 _______________________________
D en v er, C o lo ., D ec. 1966________________________ _____
D es M oin es, Iowa, Feb. 1967 --------------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1967 1 ____________________________
F ort W orth, T e x ., Nov. 1966 1_________________________
G reen Bay, W is ., July
1967__________________________
G reen v ille, S .C ., May
1967 ---------------------------------------Houston, T e x ., June 1967 ---------------------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., D e c. 1966__________________________

1575-12,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1575-5,
1530-66,
1530-85,
1530-37,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1530-77,
1575-2,

20 cents
25cents
25cents
20 cents
25 cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1 575-1,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1530-78,

30

Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1967 ____________________________
Ja ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1967 1 ------------------------------------Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s., Nov. 1966___________________
K
L aw rence— a v e rh ill, M ass.—
H
N.H., June 1967 ________
North Little R ock , A rk ., July 1967_______
Little R ock—
Los A n geles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n aG arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1967 1 ---------------------------L o u isv ille, K y .-In d ., Feb. 1967 1 _____________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1967 _____________________________
M an ch ester, N.H., July 1967__________________________
M em phis, T e n n .-A r k ., Jan. 1967 --------------------------------M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1966____________________________—---Midland and O dessa, T e x ., June 1967 -------------------------

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin number
and price

M ilwaukee, W is., A pr. 1967 1___________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1967 1______________
Muskegon— uskegon H eights, M ich ., May 1967_______
M
Newark and J e r se y C ity, N .J., F eb. 1967_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967___________________________
New O rlean s, L a ., F eb. 1967 1 ________ -________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1967 1___________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a., June 1967 1____________________________
Oklahoma C ity, O k la ., July 1967_______________________

15 30 -7 6,
15 30 -4 2,
1530 -7 2,
1530 -5 5,
1530 -4 1,
15 30 -5 1,
1530 -8 3,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

1530 -8 2,
15 75 -4 ,

25 cents
20 cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, O ct. 1967 1_______________________
Pater son— lifton —
C
Pas s a ic , N .J., May 1967____________
Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1966 1____________________
N
Phoenix, A r i z ., M ar. 1967_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1967 1____________________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1967 1___________________________
P ortland, Or eg.— a sh ., May 1967 ________ ____________
W
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R .I.— a ss.,
W
M

1 5 7 5 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
15 30 -3 5,
1530 -5 9,
1530 -4 6,
1 5 7 5 -1 6 ,
15 30 -7 9,

25
25
35
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1 5 30 -7 0,
15 75 -6 ,
15 3 0 -2 3 ,
1530 -6 8,

30
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1_________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1966 1_______________________
San Antonio, T ex ., June 1967 1 _________________________
San B ernardino— iv ersid e— ntario, C a lif.,
R
O
Aug. 1967 1______________________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1967-----------------------------------------San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1967 1____________
San J ose, C a lif., Sept. 1967 1 ___________________________
Savannah, G a., May 1967 _______________________________
Scranton, P a ., July 1967 1___________________ ___________
Seattle— verett, W ash., O ct. 1966______________________
E

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
15 30 -3 3,
1530 -8 4,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1575 -1 0,
1 5 7 5-19 ,
15 30 -3 6,
1 5 7 5 -1 5 ,
1530 -6 9,
1 5 75 -9 ,
1 5 30 -2 2,

30
20
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., O ct. 1967 1_______________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1967____________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1967 1 _____________ ______________
Tampa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1967_______________
T oled o, O h io -M ich ., Feb. 1967 1_______________________
Trenton, N .J., D ec. 1966 1— __________ __________________
W ashington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., Sept. 1967_________________
V
cents
30cents W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1967__________________________
20cents W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1____________________________
20cents W ichita, K a n s., O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
cents
W o r ce s te r , M a ss., June 1967__________________________
Y ork , P a., F eb. 1967 -----------------------------------------------------cents
Youngstown— arren, O hio, Nov. 1966__________________
W
cents

15 7 5 -1 7 ,
15 30-57,
1530-80,
15 75 -8 ,
1530 -5 0,
15 30 -3 4,
1575- 11,
15 30 -5 4,
1530 -2 1,
15 30 -1 1,
15 30-81,
1530-47,
15 30 -2 9,

25
20
Z5
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
30 cents

25
25
20

A rea

R a le ig h ! N .C ., Aug. 1967 4______________________________
Richm ond, V a., Nov. 1966______________________________
R ock ford , 111., May 1967________________________________

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102