View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey
The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area

July 1967

Ak r o

Bulletin No. 1530-86




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION I— NEW ENGLAND
John F . K enn edy F e d e r a l B ui ld ing
G overnm ent Center
R oom 1603-B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




REGION II— MW-ATLANTIC
34 1 Ninth A v e .
New Y o r k , N. Y. 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5

REGION III— SOUTHERN
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , NE.
At lan ta , G a . 30309
T e l . : 526-5418

REGION IV— NORTH CENTRAL
219 South D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

REGION V— WESTERN
450 G o ld e n G a t e A v e .
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . 9 41 02
T e l. : 556-4678

REGION VI— MOUNTAIN-PLAINS
F e d e r a l O f f i c e B u ild in g
T hird F loor
911 Walnut St.
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . 6 41 06
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1

Area Wage Survey
The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




July 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-86
September 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u reau of Labor S tatistics p ro gram of annual
occu p ation al wage su r v e y s in m etropolitan a re as is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s ta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary wage p r o v isio n s. It
y ie ld s detailed data by se le c te d industry division s fo r each
of the a re a s stu died, fo r geographic reg io n s, and fo r the
United S ta te s.
A m a jo r con sid eratio n in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g re a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages
by occu pation al c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of w a g es am ong a re a s and industry d iv isio n s.
A t the end of each su rvey , an individual area b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u rv ey r e su lts fo r each area studied. A fte r
com p letion of a ll of the individual a rea bulletins fo r a round
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry bulletin is issu e d .
The
fi r s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan a re a s
studied into one b u lletin . The second part p resen ts in fo r ­
m ation which has b een p ro jec ted fr o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to rela te to geographic regions and the
United S ta te s.
E ig h t y -s ix a re a s cu rren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In form ation on occupational earnings is co llec ted
annually in each a re a . Inform ation on establish m en t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry w age pro vision s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This b u lletin p re se n ts resu lts of the su rv ey in
A k ro n , O h io, in July 1967.
The Standard M etro p olita n
S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through A p r il 1 9 66 , c o n sists of P ortage and Sum m it C oun­
t ie s .
Th is study w as conducted by the B u re au 's region al
o ffice in C h ica g o, 111., T h om as J. M c A r d le , D ir e c to r ; by
D ennis H am ilton , under the d irection of Kenneth T h o rsten .
The study w as under the g en era l direction of W oodrow C.
Linn, A s s is ta n t R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W ages and Industrial
R e la tio n s.




Introduction_________________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r selec ted occupational g r o u p s _______________________________

1
4

T a b le s:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s within scope of s u rv ey and
num ber stu d ied ___________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t-tim e
h ou rly earnings fo r se le c te d occupational g ro u p s, and
percen ts of in c re a se fo r se le c te d p e r io d s ___________________________

3

4

O ccupational e a r n in g s:*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations—m en and w o m e n ____________________________
A -2 .
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations—m en and w o m e n ___
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d ______________________________________
A - 4 . M aintenance and pow er plant o cc u p a tio n s_____________________
A - 5. C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ov em en t occu pation s_______________

10
11
12

E stab lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary wage p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffice w o r k e r s____
B - 2 . Shift d iffe re n tia ls__________________________________________________
B - 3 . Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs___________________________________________
B - 4 . Paid h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P aid v acation s______________________________________________________
B - 6 . H ealth, in su ra n ce, and pen sion p la n s _________________________
B - 7 . P r e m iu m pay fo r o v ertim e w o r k _______________________________

14
15
16
17
18
20
21

Appendix.

O ccupational d e sc rip tio n s__________________________________________

a re a s.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are a vailable fo r other
(See inside back c o v er.)

6
9

22




Area Wage Survey---The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
bonuses and incentive earnings a re included.
W h ere w eek ly hours are
re p o rte d , as for o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard w orkw eek (rounded to the n e a re st h alf hour) for which em ployees
r e c e iv e their reg u lar s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay for
o v e rtim e at reg u lar a n d /o r prem iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings
for th ese occupations have been rounded to the n e a r e s t half d ollar.

T h is a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U. S. D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s conducts su rvey s o f occupational earnings
and rela te d b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e re
obtained by p e rso n a l v is it s of Bureau field eco n o m ists to r e p r e ­
sentative e s ta b lish m e n ts w ithin six broad industry d iv isio n s: M an u ­
fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s;
w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups excluded fro m these studies are
govern m en t o p eration s and the con struction and ex tractive in d u stries.
E sta b lish m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e sc r ib e d num ber of w o rk ers a re
o m itte d , b eca u se they tend to furnish insufficient em p loym en t in the
occu pation s studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations are
provided fo r each o f the broad industry division s which m ee t pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e r a g e s p resen ted r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw ide e s t i ­
m a te s .
In du stries and esta b lish m en ts d iffer in pay le v e l and job
staffin g and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a te s for each job.
The pay rela tio n sh ip obtainable fro m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a cc u ra tely the w age spread or d iffe re n tia l m aintained am ong jobs in
individual e sta b lish m e n ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay
le v e ls for m en and w om en in any of the s elec ted occupations should
not be a ssu m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm en t of the sex es
within individual e sta b lish m e n ts.
Other p o ssib le fa c to r s which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
en ces in p r o g r e s s io n within esta b lish ed rate ra n g e s , sin ce only the
a ctu al ra tes paid incum bents a re co llec ted ; and d iffe re n ce s in specific
duties p e rfo r m e d , although the w o rk ers a re a p p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d
within the sam e su rvey job d e sc rip tio n .
Job d escrip tion s used in
c la ssify in g em p lo y ee s in these su rvey s a re u su ally m o re gen eralized
than those u sed in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for m inor
d iffe re n ce s am on g esta b lish m en ts in the sp e c ific duties p erform ed .

T h ese su rv e y s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in volved in su rveyin g a ll e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o st, a g reater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h o w ev er, a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a re given their appropriate w eight.
E s­
tim a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m en ts studied a re p rese n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
excep t for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccu pation s and E a rn in g s
The occu p ation s se le c te d for study a re com m o n to a v ariety
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
fo llow in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (Z) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m ain ten an ce and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a t io n is based on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to take account of in teresta b lish m en t variation
in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The occupations se le c te d for study
a re liste d and d e s c rib e d in the appendix.
The earnings data follow in g
the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data for som e
of the occu p ation s liste d and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry d iv isio n s
w ithin o c c u p a tio n s , a re not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s t a b le s , b ecau se
eith er (1) em p lo y m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re
of individual e sta b lish m e n t data.

O ccupational em p loym en t e s tim a te s re p r e se n t the total in
a ll esta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
a ctu ally su rvey ed .
B eca u se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
am ong e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occupational em ploym ent o b ­
tained fro m the sam p le of esta b lish m en ts studied se r v e only to indicate
the r ela tiv e im portan ce of the jobs studied.
T h ese d ifferen ces in
occupational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy of the
earnings data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s
In form ation is p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pplem entary wage p ro v isio n s as they re­
late to plant and o ffice w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and pro­
fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w o r k e r s who are
u tilized as a sep arate w ork fo r c e are exclu ded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w orking fo r e m e n and a ll n on su p erviso ry w o rk e rs (including le a d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu nctions.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "

O ccu p ation al em p loy m en t and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired to w ork a regu lar w eek ly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and
late s h ifts .
N onproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv i n g




1

2
include w orking su p e rv iso r s and n o n su p erv iso ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l or rela te d fu n ction s.
C a feteria w o r k e r s and rou tem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u strie s, but included in nonm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en office w o rk ers (table
B - l ) rela te only to the esta b lish m en ts v isite d .
They a re p resen ted in
te rm s o f esta b lish m en ts with fo r m a l m in im u m entrance s a la r y policies.
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2 ) a re lim ited to plant w o rk ers
in m an u factu rin g in d u stries.
This in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s of (1) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , 1 presen ted in te r m s of total plant
w ork er em p loy m en t, and (2) effectiv e p r a c tic e , presen ted in te r m s of
w o rk e rs a ctu ally em ployed on the sp e cified shift at the tim e of the
su rv ey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v aried d iffe r e n tia ls, the am ount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " w as u sed .
In esta b lish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l was record e d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift h ou rs.
The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
fi r s t -s h i f t w o rk ers in an esta b lish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant or office w o rk ers of that esta b lish m en t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours a re those which fu ll-tim e em p loy ee s w e re expected to
w o rk , whether they w ere paid for at s tr a ig h t-tim e or o v ertim e r a te s .
Paid h olid ay s; paid v acation s; health , in su ra n c e, and pension
plan s; and p rem iu m pay for o v ertim e w ork (tables B - 4 through B -7 )
a re treated s ta tistic a lly on the b a sis that these a re applicable to a ll
plant or office w o r k e r s if a m a jo rity of such w o rk ers a re elig ib le or
m ay eventually qualify for the p ra ctic es liste d .
Sum s of individual
item s in tab les B - 2 through B -7 m ay not equal totals becau se of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a re provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been esta b lish ed by c u sto m .
H olidays
o rd in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even if the w orker is not granted another day o ff.
The fir s t
part o f the paid h olidays table p resen ts the num ber of whole and half
holidays a ctu ally granted.
The second part com b in es whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t im e .

the tabulations o f vacation pay, paym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e re c o n ­
v erted to a tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym en t of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered a s the equ ivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re presen ted fo r a ll health, in su ra n c e , and pension
plans (table B -6 ) for which at le a s t a part of the co st is borne by
the em p lo y er, excepting only le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such as w o r k m e n 's
com p en sation , so cia l secu rity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans
include those underw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ra n ce com pany and
those provided through a union fund or paid d ir e c tly by the em p lo y er
out of cu rren t operating funds or fr o m a fund set asid e fo r this
pu rpose.
Sickness and accident in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or a ccid e n t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em p loy er con trib u tes.
H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ra n ce law s which req u ire e m ­
ployer c o n tr ib u tio n s,2 plans are included only if the em p lo y er (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , or (2) p ro vid es the em p loyee
with benefits which exceed the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law.
Tabu lation s
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 w hich provide
fu ll pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b ecau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p r ese n te d a cc o rd in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting p e rio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p erio d .
In addition
to the presen tation of the proportion s o f w o r k e r s who a re provided
sic k n e ss and accident insurance or paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o rk ers who r e c e iv e eith er or both types of b en efits.
Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ic a l in su ran ce, includes those plans which a re design ed to p ro tect
em p loy ee s in case of sick n ess and injury involving ex p en ses beyond
the n o rm a l coverage of h o sp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans providin g fo r com p lete or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c to r s' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be un derw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rg an iza tio n s or they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations of r e tir e m e n t pen sion plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem a in d e r of
the w o r k e r 's life.

The su m m a ry of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l a rran g em en ts w h ereby tim e off with
pay is granted at the d isc r e tio n of the e m p lo y e r .
E stim a te s exclude
v a c a tio n -sa v in g s plans and those which o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t i­
c a l " b en efits beyond b asic plans to w o rk e rs with qualifying lengths of
s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such ex clu sion s a re plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m ,
and can in d u strie s.
Separate estim a te s a re provided acco rd in g to
em p loy er p ra ctic e in com puting vacation p a y m e n ts, such as tim e p a y ­
m e n ts , percen t o f annual e a rn in g s, or fla t -s u m am ou n ts. H ow ev er, in

Data on o v ertim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 7 ) , the hours a fter
which prem iu m pay is receiv ed and the c o rresp o n d in g rate of pay, a re
presen ted by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v e rtim e r e fe r s to
w ork in e x c e ss of a sp ecified n u m ber of hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the num ber o f hours w orked on other days o f the pay p erio d .
W eek ly
o v ertim e r e fe r s to w ork in ex-cess of a sp e c ifie d num ber o f hours
per w eek r e g a r d le ss of the day on w hich it is p e r fo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or num ber o f days w orked .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




2 The temporary

disability laws in California

and

Rhode Island do not require employer

3

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r st u d ie d in A k r o n ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J u l y 1967
N u m ber o f establishm ents

Industry d iv isio n

M inim um
em ployment
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st ud y

Ohio, 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f st u d y

W i t h in s c o p e
of stud y3

Stud ied
T otal4

S tu di e d

P la n t
Number

A l l d i v i s i o n s ____________________________________________

_

382

119

M a n u f a c t u r i n g __________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ______________________ _____________
R e t a i l t r a d e _________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e _________
S e r v i c e s 8 ___________________________________________

50
-

189
193

54
65

50
50
50
50
50

40
34
74
16
29

20
8
20
6
11

O ffice

P ercent

132, 300

100

93, 500
38, 800

71
29

11,
3,
18,
2,
3,

8
2
14
2
3

100
100
700
800
100

T otal4
81, 900

21, 700

94, 050

59, 100
22, 800

14, 600
7, 100

73, 480
20, 570

5, 000
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(6 )

1, 900
(6 )
(*)
(6 )
(6 )

8, 600
700
8, 370
1, 580
1, 320

1 T h e A k r o n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f in e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f P o r t a g e and S u m m i t C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f
s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in th is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e not inten ded , h o w e v e r ,
to s e r v e as a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p l a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t data
c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d stu di ed , and ( 2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s (w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e pl a nt and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , and f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
Separate presentation
of data
f o r thi s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu dy, (2) the s a m p l e w a s not
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s , but f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n l y in
estim ates
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in the S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r this d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g
an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




O v e r s e v e n - t e n t h s o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the A k r o n a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups
R u b b e r and m i s c e l l a n e o u s
p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s . . . ----------------------49
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------- 16
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) . . . 10
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ------------------- 9

S p e c ific in dustries
T i r e s and i n n e r t u b e s _____________ 44
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____
7
F abricated structural m etal
p r o d u c t s __________________________
7
M e t a l s t a m p i n g s __________________
6

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re se n te d in table 2 a re in dexes and p e rce n ta ge s of change
in a vera ge s a la r ie s of o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a vera g e earnings of selec ted plant w o rk er g ro u p s. The in dexes
are a m e a su re of w ages at a given tim e , e x p r e sse d as a percen t of
w ages during the b a se perio d (date of the a rea su rvey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
y ield s the percen tage change in w ages fr o m the b a se perio d to the
date of the index.
The p e rce n ta ge s of change or in c re a se rela te to
wage changes between the indicated d a tes.
T h ese e stim a te s are
m e a s u re s of change in a v era g e s for the a re a ; they a re not intended
to m e a su re a verage pay changes in the e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h ese constant w eigh ts r e fle c t b a se y ea r
em ploym en ts w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earnin gs fo r
each occupation w ere m u ltip lied by the occupation w eigh t, and the
produ cts for all occupations in the group w e re totaled . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 con secutive y e a r s w e re rela te d

by

dividing

the

a gg re ga te fo r

the la te r year by the a ggregate fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p ercen t, shows the p e rce n ta g e change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b a s e y e a r r e la tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
fo r the next succeeding y ear and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r 's rela tiv e by the p rev iou s y e a r ’ s in dex.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
fo r the follow ing occupations w e re u sed in com puting the wage tre n d s:

Each of the selec ted key occupations within an occupational
group was a ssig n ed a weight based on its proportion ate em ploym en t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Akron, Ohio,
July 1967 and June 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(June 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
July 1967

June 1966

June 1966
to
July 1967

June 1965
to
June 1966

June 1964
to
June 1965

June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
June 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

June 1960
to
June 1961

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)--------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)------Skilled maintenance (men)-------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )----------------------------

120. 7
127. 5
119. 9
117.9

115.6
115.8
114. 1
114.6

4 .4
10. 1
5. 1
2 .9

2 .6
3 .2
2 .8
.7

3 .0
2 .8
3 .0
2 .6

2 .8
2 .9
3. 1
4 .9

3. 1
3. 0
2 .8
3 .0

3.
3.
1.
2.

2
1
7
7

5. 2
7. 1
5 .9
5. 4

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en )--------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )------Skilled maintenance (men)-------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )----------------------------

121. 7
127. 9
119. 7
11 6 .4

116. 5
115.8
113.8
111.8

4 .4
10. 5
5 .2
4. 1

2. 1
3 .6
2 .8
1. 1

3. 1
2. 3
2 .9
2 .3

2. 3
2 .9
3 .0
4 .0

3 .2
3 .0
2 .7
2 .4

4 .9
3 .0
1. 7
1. 5

4 .4
7. 1
6 .0
5 .8




5
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in du strial n u r s e s , the wage
tren ds re la te to w eek ly s a la r ie s for the norm al w orkw eek , ex c lu siv e
of earnings at o v e r tim e p rem iu m r a te s.
For plant w o rk er g ro u p s,
they
m e a s u r e changes in avera ge stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds,
h o lid a y s, and la te s h ifts.
The p ercen tages are b ased on data for
s e le c te d key o ccu p ation s and include m o st of the n u m eric a lly im portant
jo b s within each grou p.

Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cau se in c r e a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v era g e s without actual w age ch an g es. It is conceivable
that even though a ll esta b lish m e n ts in an area gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
a vera ge w ages m ay have declin ed b ecau se lo w e r-p a y in g establish m en ts
entered the a rea or expanded th eir w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la tiv e ly constant, yet the a v e r a g e s for an area
m ay have rise n c o n sid e ra b ly b ecau se h igh e r-p a yin g esta blish m en ts
entered the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The indexes and p ercen ta ges of change, as m e a su r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l) gen eral sa la r y and
w age ch a n g es,
(Z) m e r it or other in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in avera ge
w ages due to changes in the labor fo rc e resulting fr o m lab or tu rn ­
o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n sio n s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p loy ed by esta blish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t only changes
in a vera ge pay for stra ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sc h ed u les, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .
Data w e re adju sted w here n e c e s s a r y to rem ove fro m
the in dexes and p e rc e n ta g e s of change any sign ifican t effect caused
by changes in the scop e of the s u rv ey .

6
A.
Table A-l.

Occupational Earnings

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs fo r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a re a ba s is
by ind ust ry d i v is i o n , A k r o n , O hi o, July 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Sex, oc c up a tio n, and indust ry di v is i o n

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight - t i m e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s o f —
*

Average
weekly
standard)

50
M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

55

>
!E

$
60

65

«
70

1
i
75

it
80

$
85

i
I

$
90

95

%
100

i

*

105

110

$
115

ii
120

ji

130

ii

140

S
150

$
160

$
170

and
under
85

75

80

-

-

3

3

-

-

-

“

3

-

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

-

3
-

2
2

5
3
2

3
3
-

4
4
“

12
8
4

18
12
6

22
14
8

22
19
3

10
9
1

1
1

10
10

“

3
1

9
9

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

13
8

15
15

36
21

23
15

27
27

6

5

3

60

65

70

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

55

1 80
and

160

170

180

-

10
10

2
2
~

-

~

~

29
29

7
7

1
1

-

-

-

-

over

MEN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

119
84
35

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

$
$
132.50 135.00
139.00 139.50
1 15.50 125.00

$
$
1 18.00-148.00
1 22.50-150.50
9 5.0 0-13 5.0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

38
33

4 0.0
40.0

111.00 1 0 9 . 0 0
113.00 109.00

9 9,0 0-12 2.5 0
1 02 .50 -1 23 .50

-

CLFRKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

186
128

4 0.0
4 0.0

124.00
135.50

127.00
140.00

1 09 .50 -1 45 .00
1 21 .00 -1 52 .00

_

OFFICE ROYS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

71

40.0

7 4.50

72.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------— —
MANUFACTURING — —
----------—
-------- —
--------

49
37

40.0
40.0

124.00
1 24• 50

119.00
120.00

1 13.50-137.50
11/. Af
ll * f* U A_1iQ cn
J—13o*DU

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

102

4 0.0

112.50

114.50

9 3 .5 0-12 9.0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------

68
38
30

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

86.00
8 2.50
90.00

83.00
82.50
93.00

7 5 .0 0 - 93.00
7 7 .0 0 - 86.00
7 3.5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

25

4 0.0

72.00

71.50

68. 5 0 -

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

51
30

40.0
4 0.0

97.00
95.00

98.50
92.50

8 7 .5 0-10 6.0 0
85.50-106.50

-

BOOKKFEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0 -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NUNM4IMUr AC

98
49

39.5
4 0.0
JJV. 5

8 0.50
79.50

82.00
82.00

7 3 .0 0 - 88.00
7 0 .0 0 - 8 6.50
■ d c n_ qa c a
7
1
7U* yl)

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

353
257
96
42

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.9
4 0.0

112.00 1 1 4 . 5 0
117.00 120.50
99.00
99.00
101.00 1 0 0 . 5 0

9 9.5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 07 .50 -1 28 .00
88.0 0-11 0.5 0
88.0 0-11 6.5 0

_
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

496
31 0

4 0.0
4 0.0

9 0.50
99.50

90.50
99.50

_

<fU.U

M . UU
i.

7 4.5 0-10 6.5 0
8 6.0 0-11 3.5 0
a a kh- Of«UU
07 nn
Oo#
T9 AA— 09 On

68* 5 0 -

-

-

-

1
1

-

~
5

5

10

-

3
1

81*00

3
4
1

-

-

“

6
6

3
3

2
2

-

10

-

”

1^

IQ

1

7

'

1

5

3

9

1

2

16

8

8

8

3

5

11

16

3

20

7
7
-

6
2
4

-

6
6

2
1
1

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

W EN
OM

N IJN“ AN U r AL I Urs I N v» ——
mUn iL r L U t t iL 1 t 1 1 o 3
Min 1r m ' 1 t f tr c

8 1 * DU

—
—

*

----------------------------------

30

40.0

97.00

101.00

CLFRKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

193
64

40.0
4 0.0

71.00
80.5 0

65.00
79.50

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS A

...........
linM U A M lir ACTIID 1 NU
............„
Nl.iiV“ A N U r A t 1 UK IMG —-----————————————
—
—

See footnotes at end of table.




“

74.00

3
3

12
8
4

7
4
3

17
16
l

8

13

l

2

-

1
l

6
6

11
7

6
3

3
3

9
l

13
7

1
1

-

13
6

15
13

25
14

8
8

-

5
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

36
24
12
8

88
86
2
2

36
35
1
1

11
11
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

~

1
1
1

-

-

-

13
13

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

1
1

2
1

12
11

16
1
19

1

1

-

c

11

-

“

7
7
“

-

8
8
5

7
1
6
4

18
18
3

21
14
7
1

29
17
12
8

35
19
16
8

19
14
5
“

36
28
8
1

7
3

27
1

26
3

72
25

29
7

48
34

32
20

66
36

29
28

27
20
7
7

30
30

39
39

45
45

1

-

-

-

7 5.0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

-

-

5 9 .0 0 7 1.005 7.5 0-

_

63

-

-

8 1.00
87.00
72.00

1
1

1

1
1

1
34
15

-

11
-

7
18
6

12

-

16
13

1

2

3

1

2

-

7

4

2

-

-

-

16
12

10
7

6

8
-

3

3
3

4
4

1
1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

l

2

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

7
Table A*l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, oc c u p a t io n , and in du str y d i v is i o n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn in gs o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

$

50
Middle range 2

and
und er
55

WOMEN -

$

%

$

$

55

60

65

_

_

$

$

70

75

80

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

$
140

$
150

$
160

$
170

100

105

110

115

120

130

1 40

150

160

170

180

t

85

$

*

$

$

*

$

_

60

65

70

75

80

85

22
2
20

6
5
1

2
2
-

3
3
-

4
4

7
6
1

27
27

95

180

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C
MANUFACTURING --------NCNMANUFACTURING ~

60
28
32

40.5
40.0
4 0.5

64.00
6 4.00
6 4.00

62.00
60.00
62.50

5 8 .5 0 - 6 6.50
5 7 .5 0 - 70.00
6 0 .5 0 - 6 4.50

22
15
7

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

90
57
33

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

82.00
84.50
76.5 0

79.50
79.00
81.00

7 5 .5 0 - 88.50
7 6 .5 0 - 83.50
6 1 .5 0 - 9 2.50

6

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING ----------N0NMANUF AC TURING —
DUBL I C U T I L I T I E S 3-

256
163
93
38

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

101.00
106.50
9 1.50
102.50

98.00
105.00
90.50
104.50

8 5 .5 0 120.50
9 2 .5 0 125.50
8 0.5 0100.50
8 4.0 0-12 1.0 0

2
2
-

8
5
3
-

8
4
4
-

6
6
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

198
67
131

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

81.00
100.50
70.50

74.00
101.00
71.50

6 9 .5 0 - 94.50
8 7 .0 0-11 5.0 0
6 1 .5 0 - 74.50

29
29

13
13

9
3
6

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

218
155
63

40.0
4 0.0
40.0

100.50
102.00
96.50

101.00
102.00
100.50

8 7 .5 0 8 6 .5 0 9 1.5 0-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------

201
118
83
35

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
4 0.0

82.50
88. 00
75.00
80.00

81.00
84.50
75.50
80.00

7 3 .0 0 - 8 8.00
7 8 .5 0 - 96.50
7 1 .0 0 - 8 1.00
7 4 .0 0 - 84.50

65
48

39.5
39.5

73.00
76.00

74.00
76.50

6 5 .0 068.0 0-

SECRETARIES4--------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NDNMAN'JF ACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

1 ,5 4 8
1,208
340
80

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.0
4 0.0

110.00 1 0 8 . 5 0
1 13 .50 111.50
98.00
9 9.00
1 2 0 .5 0 122.50

9 3 .5 0 127.00
9 6 .5 0 129.50
8 3 . 5 0 - 112.50
1 10.50-133.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -----------

131
115

40.0
40.0

136.50
140.50

141.00
143.00

119 .50 -1 50 .50
1 27 .00-152.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING —

358
293
65

4 0.0
40.0
39.0

122.50
126.50
106.00

129.00
131.50
103.50

110 .00 -1 36 .00
1 19 .50-137.00
9 4.5 0-11 3.0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

4 84
385
99
33

4 0.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

107.50
108.50
102.50
119.50

107.50
108.50
1 0 0 .0 0
127.50

9 5 .5 0 119.00
9 8 .5 0 119.00
8 7 .0 0-11 8.5 0
1 0 7 .00 -1 34 .50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-

525
365
160
29

3 9.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

9 5.00
9 6.50
92.50
117.00

95.00
95.50
91.00
121.50

8 4.5 0106.50
8 7 . 5 0 - 104.50
7 4.0 0-10 9.0 0
113 .50 -1 24 .00

571
474
97
52

40.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

8 6.50
8 7.00
85.00
92.00

85.50
8 6 .0 0
84.50
93.00

8 1 .0 0 - 9 3.50
8 1 .5 0 - 93.5 0
7 5 .5 0 - 95.50
8 2 .5 0 101.50

OFFICE GIRLS ------MANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




-

11
1
10

13
13

22
9
13
4

16
5
11
7

19
7
12
-

26
11
15
3

37
27
10
2

12
8
4
4

10
7
3
3

16
13
3
2

9
7
2
2

35
25
10
10

19
19
-

9
8
1
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

60
1
59

3
2
1

10
6
4

17
13
4

9
3
6

7
5
2

12
5
7

4
4

9
9

9
9

6
6

-

L
]
L

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

8
8
-

2
2

31
22
9

18
15
3

18
12
6

17
9
8

52
19
33

16
14
2

13
13

15
15

5
5

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

33
8
25
11

30
11
19
7

45
31
14
10

22
17
5
3

10
7
3
3

5
4
l
1

2
2

4
4

6
6

7
7

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

7
6

3
2

2

2

1
1

2
2

101
68
33
2

93
59
34
1

124
97
27
2

143
121
22
4

106
89
17
3

149
104
45
7

107
78
29
10

103
97
6
3

191
157
34
21

201
178
23
20

69
63
6
6

34
34
-

13
12
1
1

6
6
-

3
3
-

1

2

5
-

10

16
13

36
36

17
17

8

-

17
15

12

1

7

5
5

3
3

6

109.50
115.50
103.00

8 0.00
81.50

1
1

5
4
1
-

16
5
11
-

9
5
4
-

10
1

6
6

12
9

6
4

12
3
9
-

53
11
42
-

-

16
15
40
28
12
-

1
1

1
1

5
4

3
3

1
1
-

8
7
1

10
2
8

11
5
6

30
20
10

11
2
9

16
10
6

26
13
13

15
15
-

56
54
2

144
142
2

19
13
6

6
6
-

3
3
-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

17
13
4
-

33
19
14
2

17
3
14
-

46
37
9
1

39
32
7
2

54
48
6
1

64
56
8
6

53
44
9
-

45
42
3
2

69
62
7
4

33
17
16
15

8
8
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

10
3
7
15
9
6
-

2
2

50
8
42
-

20
14
6
-

58
42
16
-

61
54
7
1

67
55
12
-

73
68
5
1

36
35
1
1

66
35
31
1

27
20
7
5

19
18
1
1

35
12
23
17

3
1
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

26
19
7
-

35
24
11
3

39
30
9
7

153
135
18
6

110
94
16
8

67
61
6
4

61
55
6
6

37
20
17
17

10
10

13
13

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Wom en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a ba s is
by indust ry d i v is i o n , A k r o n , O hi o, July 19&7)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occ up a tio n,

and indu str y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a rn in gs o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

$
50

Median 1
2

Middle range 2

55

60

65

70

$
75

$
80

t
85

i5
90

$
95

$
100

t
105

$

$
110

115

$

$
120

130

$

$

$
140

150

160

170

and
under

180
and

55

WOMEN -

Ii

it

1
»

60

65

-

-

6
6

140

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1
1
-

12
9
3
-

9
9
-

18
13
5

28
26
2

28
22
6
6

62
53
9
5

67
43
24
16

55
53
2
2

70
68
2
2

86
59
27
24

81
79
2
2

2
2

6
2
4

1
1
-

1
1

2
1

7
3
4

5
2
3

9
2
7

3
1
2

5
3
2

7
7

4
4
-

-

-

_

_

3
2

_

_

_

1
1
-

150

13
13
”

70

110

115

120

130

160

170

180

over

CONTINUED

537
455
82
57

4 0.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

$
106.50
107.00
104.50
109.00

$
$
$
108.50
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
109.50
9 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 7.5 0-11 6.5 0
103.50
110. 00 1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

52
27
25

40.5
4 0.0
40.5

9 9.50
105.00
9 4.00

101.50
111.50
98.50

9 1 .0 0-11 4.0 0
9 3.5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
8 0.0 0-10 4.0 0

_

-

_

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS B -------NONMAMUF ACTURING--------------------------------

88
84

40.5
40.5

72.00
71.00

72.00
71.50

6 3 .0 0 - 7 8.50
6 2 .5 0 - 7 7.50

1
1

9
9

21
21

6
6

18
18

18
18

2
“

10
9

_

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECE PTIONTSTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------------

150
89
61

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

83.50
8 4.00
83.00

82.50
82.00
82.50

7 5 .0 0 - 9 1.50
7 3 .0 0 - 93.50
7 8 .5 0 - 88.00

_

_
-

2

5
5
“

30
27
3

24
8
16

32
12
20

16
6
10

16
13
3

9
8
1

7
6
1

-

2

4
1
3

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------------------

25

111.50

111.50

9 7.5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

4

3

2

1

6

2

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMAMUF ACTURING-------------------------------

145
97
48

39.5
39.5
4 0.0

8 8.50
9 2.50
8 0.50

85.50
88.50
85.00

7 5.0 0-10 5.0 0
7 6.5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
6 6 .0 0 - 8 9.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMAMUF ACTURING--------------------------------

219
146
73

4 0.0
40.0
4 0.0

87.50
9 2.50
7 7.00

85.50
92.00
74.00

7 4 .0 0 - 9 9.00
8 0.5 0-10 3.5 0
7 0 .0 0 - 82.00

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------klDM^AKUr* Pi, 'UKliN*^
IIIC ACTlinTUr
•N UA N
UN
—— — — —— —
— — — — — — —
m»ni r r Uf i l lt t t r c ^. . — — — — —
i itti
**
1 ICO
— —

448
300

39.5
40.0

8 1.50
87.50

80.50
8 5.00

6 9 .5 078.0 0CQ AH—
.
71 U'J~
f 3# Art.

^42

o
o

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------4

40*0

82*00

82*50

9 0.50
9 7.50
7A P A
i
Q7 • !)U
cn

“

-

-

2

1

1

2

-

-

~
-

~

2
2
-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

*

“

~

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

“
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

~

-

“

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12

6
6
-

18
14
4

16
14
2

19
13
6

19
3
16

5
3
2

5
3
2

10
8
2

16
15
1

3
3
-

10
10

3
2
1

3
3
-

_
-

1
1
-

13
5
8

19
9
10

28
3
25

27
17
10

18
12

27
20
7

16
15
l

20
18
2

15
14
1

13
13
-

8
8

10
7
3

4
4
“

-

6

1

43

51
20

49
44

69
60

48
46

34
23

12
8

29
29

14
14

17
17

8
8

2
2

-

-

“

-

43

32
4
28

39
25

1

^4

“
-

~

~

-

-

1
1
~

-

“

11

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e the ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rn i n gs c o r r e s p o n d
to thes e w ee k l y ho u r s .
2 The m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the ea rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and di vid ing by the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e di an de si g na te s p o s it i o n — ha lf of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
the rate shown; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id d l e rang e is de fi ned by 2 ra t e s o f pay; a four th o f the w o r k e r s ear n le s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e ra t e s and a fo ur t h e a r n m o r e than the
hi gh er rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r public ut il it ie s.
4 Ma y in clude w o r k e r s o the r than tho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .




9
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn in gs fo r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a re a b a s is
by in dus tr y di v is i o n , A k r o n Ohio, July 1967)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y e a rn in gs of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, o cc u pa t io n , and in du st r y d i v is i o n

$

$
85

377
362

4 0.0
40.0

161.00
161.00

159.00
159.00

376
333
43

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

139.00
138.00
147.50

141.00
138.50
147.00

121.50 -1 55 .00
1 20 .00 154.50
142 .00 158.50

draftsmen,

195
163

4 0.0
40.0

111.00
110.00

112.00
111.00

70

4 0.0
4 0.0

125.00
126.00

124.00
124.00

95

100

$

$
1 05

(
1 10

$
115

$
120

$
125

130

135

140

145

150

155

6
160

95

100

1 05

1 10

115

120

1 25

1 30

1 35

1 40

145

150

1 55

160

9
9

22
22

19
19

26
26

45
42

32
32
32
32
-

146 .50 -1 74 .00
1 46 .00-174.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ------NQNMANUF ACTUR ING ■

$

class

c

MANUFACTURING —

9 5.5 09 4 .5 0 -

$

$

$

$

7
6
1

5
5

16
16

27
24

14
9

8
8
-

23
22
1

41
41
-

32
32
-

17
17
-

23
20
3

27
24
3

28
20
8

41
26
15

13
13

18
14

14
11

24
24

22
15

19
14

13
11

3
3

5
5

$

$

t

$

170

180

190

170

180

190

200

35
32

58
52

55
52

34
34

16
16

30
27
3

48
39
9

13
13
-

1
1
-

2 00

7
7

1

8
7

7
7

4
4

19
19

3

1
1

124.00 4
122.50 4

$

and
under
90

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

90

7
7

85

$

-

_
_

-

-

WCMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

66

1 1 9 .00 -1 34 .50
1 2 0 .00 -1 34 .50

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e the ir r e g u l a r
to t he se w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r de f in i t io n of t e r m s , se e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .




s t r a i g h t - t im e

1

s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r

8
8

20
20

o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r

2
1

p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the ea rn in gs

correspond

10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)

O cc u p a t io n and in du str y di v is i o n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average
Number
of

O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
100.50
102.00
9 6.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------------

201
118
83
35

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

82.50
88.00
75.00
8 0.00

97.00
95.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------

160
119
41

39.5
39.5
38.5

73.00
75.00
67.50

39.5
40.0
39.5

8 0.50
79.50
81.50

SECRETARIES1
3------------------------------------------------2
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

1,558
1 ,2 1 6
342
82

40.0
40.0
39.0
43.0

472
341
131

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

117.50
122.50
103.50

534
343
191
93

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

92.00
100.50
7 7.00
8 2.00

CLASS A -----------------

30

4 0.0

9 7.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

197
68
129

4 0,0
4 0.0
40.0

7 1.50
8 1.00
6 6.50

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

60
28
32

4 0.5
4 0.0
4 0.5

64.00
6 4.00
6 4.00

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

2 76
185
91

4 0.0
4 0.0
39.5

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-----------------

275
171
1 04
49

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

198
67
131

79
38
41
28

BILLERS. MACHINE ( BOCKKEE PTNG
MA CHI NE )---------------•
----------------------------

25

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

51
30

40.0
40.0

BPOKKEEd i n g -MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------MCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

98
49
49

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2----------------CLERKS,

F IL E ,

o
o

4 0.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

7 2.00




40.5
40.5

$
7 2.50
71.0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

150
89
61

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

8 3.5 0
8 4.0 0
8 3.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
39

40.0
40.0

1 23 .50
124.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------------------

127
103

4 3.0
4 0.0

112.00
114.50

110.50
113.50
9 9.00
121.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS r. -----------------------------------------------------------------------

28

82.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

145
97
48

3 9.5
39.5
40.0

88.5 0
9 2 .5 0
8 0.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

220
146
74

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

87.5 0
9 2.5 0
77.5 0

TYPTSTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
----------------------------

448
300
148
42

39.5
4 0.0
39.0
40.0

8 1.50
8 7.5 0
6 9.00
82.0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

382
367

40.0
40.0

161.00
161.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

4 00
357
43

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

1 38.50
1 37.50
147.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

212
176

4 0.0
4 0 .0

109.50
1 09 .00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

70
66

40.0
40.0

1 25.00
126.00

40.0
40.0

137.00
140.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

359
294
65

40.0
40.0
39.0

122.50
126.50
106.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------- ----------

485
385
100
34

40.0
4 0.C
39.5
40.0

107.50
108.50
103.00
120.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

526
365
161
30

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

9 5.50
9 6.50
93.00
118.00

110.50
120.00
91.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

571
474
97
52

40.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

86.50
87.00
85.00
92.00

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

102.00
108.00
92.00
102.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PtJBLTC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

538
4 55
83
58

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

106.50
107.00
105.00
109.50

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

81.00
100.50
70.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOPS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

55
30
25

40.5
40.0
40.5

101.00
106.50
9 4.00

salaries

CONTINUED
91
84

138
122

s t r a i g h t - t im e

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NCNMANUFACTURIMG --------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi ch e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir re g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to the se w ee k l y h o u r s.
2 T ra n sp or t at i on , co m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public utili ti es.
3 May in clude w o r k e r s ot he r than tho se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .

Weekly
(standard)

o

21 8
155
63

$
89.50
8 2.50
96.00
107.50

O cc up at ion and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2-----------------

Average
Number
of
workers

o

Average
Number
of

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

(e x cl u si v e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

ra t es ) ,

and the e a rn in gs

11
Table A -4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
Hourly eamings 1
O cc upation and industry division

3f
kers

N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs of—

t.
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
S
$
$
$
$
TT (> 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2.,8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 . 10 3 .2 0 3 . 30 3 .4 0 3 . 50 3 . 60 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 . 10
nH =r
1
3
Mean ^ Median 2 Middle range 2 $
and
2,,50 under
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2,.9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . 40 3 .5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 70 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 10 4 .2 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

139
131

$
3 .6 9
3 .6 9

$
3 . 82
3 . 83

$
$
3 . 4 3 - 3 .8 7
3 . 4 3 - 3 .8 7

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

544
518

3 .7 1
3 .7 1

3 .8 4
3 .8 4

ENGTNEFRS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

144
138

3 .7 2
3 .7 6

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

76
76

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

-

-

-

-

"

-

1

"

5
5

2
1

6
6

18
18

11
11

5
4

1
_

3 . 4 7 - 3 .9 0
3 . 4 7 - 3 .9 0

_

_

_

_

-

"

1
"

14
12

19
18

1
1

37
35

9
9

82
82

11
11

19
12

3 .8 9
3 .9 0

3 . 4 6 - 3 .9 5
3 . 4 7 - 3 .9 5

3

-

-

-

_

1
~

10
10

~

~

37
35

1
1

3
3

3 .5 0
3. 50

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

3 . 2 3 - 3 .8 2
3 . 2 3 - 3 .8 2

5
5

-

in
10

-

4
4

8
8

_

4
4

199
197

2 .9 4
2 .9 4

2 .9 4
2 .9 4

2 . 8 6 - 3 .0 0
2 . 8 6 - 3 .0 0

18
18

10
10

“

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

284
2 84

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

3 .8 4
3 .8 4

3 . 2 2 - 3 .9 8
3 . 2 2 - 3 .9 8

_

_

_

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

213
213

3. 53
3 . 53

3 .6 1
3 .6 1

3 . 2 4 - 3 .8 5
3 . 2 4 - 3 .8 5

_

-

-

1
1

-

~

"

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------

512
113
399
380

3 .5 3
3 .5 8
3 .5 2
3 .5 3

3 .5 5
3 .7 9
3 . 54
3 . 55

3 .4 3 3 .3 4 3 .4 6 3 .4 7 -

3 .8 0
3 .8 9
3 .6 1
3 .6 3

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

883
867

3 .6 7
3 .6 8

3 . 83
3 .8 3

3 . 4 6 - 3 .9 0
3 . 4 6 - 3 .9 0

_

_

-

-

45
42

3
3

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

89
89

3. 81
3 .8 1

3 . 94
3 . 94

3 .9 1 3 .9 1 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

-

_

-

-

'

-

"

190
190

3 .4 8
3 .4 8

3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 . 3 1 - 3 .7 1
3 . 3 1 - 3 .7 1

2
2

-

-

1
1

-

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

89
81

3 .6 2
3 .6 7

3 .7 7
3 .7 9

3 .3 3 3 .6 4 -

_

1
-

_

1

PIPEFITTER S, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

523
523

3 .7 6
3 .7 6

3 . 85
3 .8 5

3 . 6 8 - 3 .9 0
3 . 6 8 - 3 .9 0

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

126
126

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

3 .8 6
3 .8 6

3 . 8 2 - 3 .9 1
3 . 8 2 - 3 .9 1

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

620
620

3 .9 4
3 .9 4

4 .2 1
4 . 21

3 . 7 4 - 4 .2 6
3 . 7 4 - 4 .2 6

OILFRS

------------------------------------------------------------------

3 .8 5
3 .8 6

1 E xcl ud es p r e m iu m pay for ove rti me and for work on weekends,
2 F o r definition of te rm s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Tran spo rt ati on, com munication, and other public utilities.




_
“

-

“

3
3

-

-

224
211

88
88

38
38

-

-

19
19

66
66

-

4
4

7
7

13
13

22
22

~

~

~

19
19

-

-

-

~

“

-

“

38
38

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

~

-

-

3
3

1

2
2

32
31

91
91

10
10

-

-

-

“

16
16

-

_

55
55

9
9

22
22

6
6

1
1

l
1

-

-

*

117
117

-

-

2
2

-

~

6
6

_
~

2
2

22
22

57
57

3
3

13
13

2
2

12
12

10
10

63
63

22
22

35
12
23
23

2
2
1

_
-

1
1
-

34
5
29
25

32
26
6
5

63
3
60
57

180
5
175
168

29
3
26
26

1
1
-

108
33
75
75

10
10

7
-

23
23

29
29

20
20

24
24

108
108

8
8

6
6

58
58

6
6

-

5
5

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

4
4

17
17

1
1

3
3

69
69

_

_

-

-

*

_

-

-

-

12
12

27
27

-

1
1

6
6

2
2

7
7

4
-

2
2

2
“

-

_

8
8

-

16
16

10
10

91
91

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

'

~

-

_

_

_

_

18
18

1
1

holidays,

86
82

-

and late shifts.

~

“

-

-

-

'

"

23
23
“

_

_

-

“

332
326

137
137

71
71

2
2

6
6

70
70

-

-

“

~

53
53

1
1

“

6
6

20
20

30
30

-

8
8

4
4

27
27

2
2

5
5

-

-

~

9
9

-

~

“

“

"

4
4

50
50

17
17

10
10

19
19

4
4

14
14

49
49

-

-

-

-

~

“

1
1

6
6

259
259

122
122

3
3

2
2

74
74

36
36

-

-

19
19

12
12

46
46

_

“
357
357

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a re a has
by in du str y d i v is io n, Ak ro n, Ohio, July 1967)
Hourly e rnings2

Numb e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g straight -t i m e h o u r ly ea rn i n gs o f—

$
Under
Mean3

M edian3

£

1.30

1.6 0

$
$
1. 80 1 . 9 0

$
$
£
2.00 2. 10 2.20

$
£
2,. 30 2 .,60

£
2. 5 0

$

$

$

$

$

£

2.6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3.2 0

$
3.6 0

$

1.60

£
1.7 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

6.0 0 6.20

o

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

1 .6 0

1.70

1 .80

1 . 9 0 2.00

2.10 2. 20 2 . 3 0

2 ,.60

2 .,50

2. 6 0

2. 80 3 . 0 0

20

3

-

6

27

16

9

1

1

9

2

O

$

$

3 77

2 , 89

3 .2 1

2 .6 8 -

$
3 .2 8

38

1.68

1. 50

1 .6 5 -

1.93

256

3.1 7

3 .2 5

3 .1 5

3 .3 1

83

2. 60

2 .6 7

2 .2 8 -

3 .0 3

-

-

1 ,5 8 1
1 ,2 3 8

2 .6 3

2.86
3 .0 5
1 .5 6
2 .5 5

2 .1 8 2 .6 8 1 .6 7 2 .1 6 -

3.1 5
3 .1 8
1.82
2 .6 5

37

10

61

37

10

58

i *5 3
1 . *-a

1.68

1 .6 5 2 .9 1 1 .6 3 -

2 .1 9
3 .0 5
1 .6 0

r6

2. 86

3 . 10
2 .9 6

2 .5 0 -

3.0 5

-

3.60

3.6 5

3 .6 2 -

3 .6 7

-

20

6

6

7
2

3

3

JANITORS.

PORTERS,

ANC CLEANERS ------

1.68
st>
JANITORS,

PORTERS,

1 .8 7

« Aon n r nf
u A 1 I A1 UAfcni TAir
LfluUKtKjf nfl T CD Tml rffl f\U I rV
L
G
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------kirutUAftiiir
ir*
NUi'InftlNUr AC tiid t k — — — — — — —
i UK I NG — — — — — — —
PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4---------------------------

1,872
830
1 ,0 6 2
706

on ne n
cti i t o e — — — — — — — — —
JKUtK
r lLLcK > — — — — — — — —
ij aaii ir ar tiUK TKir — — — — — — — — —
MANUrAt T in ! IN
b — — —
— — — — —
NU *1 ANUr PC • UK 1NG — — — — — — —
N
—
— — — —
n * o u rn r
*1
KALKfcKS* < 1 t nr lTMo
bH lr n N b
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
—— —— — — —— —

o c r b i w i mp r i c o n e — — — —
K c t c 1V INb C L KKb
—
— — — —
- — - MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCN^lVNUr AC I UK I N — — — — — —
f?
— — —
SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------MANUr ACTUR INb —————— —————— ———

TRUCK DRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1—1 / 2 TuN 5 1
*
—
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING «t TONS) — ————————
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------II DfclU fllNUr f l t 1U“ iPio —— — ——— —————
AMI 1C AOTIID T MT
—
PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES 4-----------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




3 .0 8

223

3 09
3. 26

^ . 37
3 * 27

7
2 .3 9 -

4

258

38

2.3 7

2 .3 6

1 .7 6 1 .7 6 -

3 .0 3
3 .0 6

169
bl

3.05

102

2.9 1
VI

2 .8 6 ^ .3 5 -

3 .6 6
i.

-

2 .9 3

2 .8 2 -

2 .9 8

_

v^

8

2 .5 5 3 16
2 .5 3 3 .1 8 8 .1 8 -

3 . 28
3.3 7

3. H5
3.6 2

3 .2 1 3 .2 6 -

3 .0 6

3 .2 0
2 .5 9
3 .2 3
3 .1 3

2 .7 6 2 .6 6 3 .1 6 3 .0 5 -

3 .2 8
3 .3 0
3 .2 7
3 .6 6

310
132
60

2 .86

3 .2 9

167

19

-

-

2
2

2
2

8
8

~

”

“

2

“

3

18

2

23

6

6

”

12

12

“

~

26
21

62
33

31
26
7
7

165
129
16
16

168
158
10

61 7
617

22 6
22 6

21
21

3
3

16

66
30
16

70

22

90
78
12

7
1
5

5
5

57
57

50
50

g
8

68
35
13

66
66

23 9
232
7
6

225
199
26
8

139
23
116
“

80
78
2
2

692
692
69 2

25

6
7
5

10

31
13
18

65
37
28

63
63

4
4

20

30
30

3

9
9

-

36
1

27

2

7

27

15
15

-

-

9

25

8

30
8U

1

”

-

_

-

67

98

l
1

-

-

20

1

IU

-

16

1
1

25

1

2b

10
1U

16

6

1
-

_

12

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
-

“

“

~

~

51
63
g

2
2

1
1

16
16

63
63

10

1
1

6

-

-

31
16
17

11

65
65

2

3
3

28
22
5

36
36

6 26

195
65
150

6

16
10
4

3

3

17

61
53
g

20
2

86
86

35
20
15

5
5

12

3

20
7
13

-

-

9
2

~

-

-

~

-

-

11

615

-

■-

-

7

-

“

8
2

1

“

-

6

“

h

“

“

26
18

-

-

8

11

32

19
17

B
8

16
16

2

59
5
56

109
5
106

22

~
"

"

'

-

2

2

-

1
1

5

193
96
99

791
32
759

—

2

4
~

-

8

—

1

“

~

3

63
63

-

8

“

15
15

6

“

9

15
15

1

-

8

-

over

_

55
13

c

8
4

3.65
3 .6 6

66

26
26
2

3 66
3 .6 7
3.65
8.00

96
76

1

1

2 .7 7

3 . 69
3. 22
3 .6 1
3 . 03

-

10

11

3 38
3.06
J.H 5
3. 51

6 .2 0

-

-

2 .8 5

1 ,7 8 3
336
1 ,6 6 9
1 ,1 1 7

6.0 0

-

18

^•8^-

2.9 8
3. U5

3 .8 0

19
19

“

10

-

3.60

179
179

22

'
-

-

3 .6 0

56
56

“

2 3
6 . 11

r iir nn r no
a ai
SHIPPING ANn n c r e T u T M / " ' o i c n i / C —————
L KcCblVlNG LLbKKb
U AUlir A O T l i n INb
nANUr ALTUK I MP ——— ————— — —— ———
A mu n AhjUr AL 1UK t fNU ——— ——————— ———
u a kii i r A OTi i n l
. . .
MJN

TRUCK CR TVER S — — ------- — ----------------- -- —
MANUFACTURING--------— — —
—
------------------KinklUAM APTIIDIMP
IIC
iNUN“ ANUr AC » UK 1 No — — — — — — — —
—
— —— — —
PUBLIC U 1 IL I T I F b -------------------* ------

1 .8 5 -

4

3 .2 0

1
1

116

1
2 .5 8

18
18

2

20

n a ts r~rt r
1
PALKfcKb* r H r F n lTfcio / u n u m I
s 1 l n r M j IWuHtNI
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

5

9

1

AND CLEANERS
7 ?T
611

9

1

GUARDS:

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

S

unde r

$
----------------------------------------

$

Middle range3

1 .3 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN

$
1 .5 0

8

”
66
66

32
16
16

~

-

-

-

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ea rn in gs f o r se l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns stu died on an a r e a b a s is
by in du st r y di v is io n, Akr on, Ohio, July 1967)
Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings z

$

$

$

$

$

«

$

$

$

*

$

£

$

U n d e r 1* 30 1,40 1,50
$
and
_
_
1 . 3 0 unde r

TRUCK0RIVERS 5 -

1,80 l * 90 2,00 2, 10 2 * 20 2* 30 2,40 2,50
_
_
_
_
_
_

1 .7 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .8 0

2 .1 0

2 ,2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

$
$
$
$
$
2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 ,6 0

15
15

_

2

1

-

-

1

2 .8 0 3 .0 0

$
$
3 .6 0 3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0 4 .2 0

4.2 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

330
5
325
3 25

33
14
19

1 42
85
57

628
628
628

4 .0 0

o v er

CONTINUED

TRUCK0RTVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PURLIC U T I L IT I E S 1 ------------------------43
2

$

1,151
120
1,031
954

3 .4 7
3.2 8
3.4 9
3 .5 0

$
3.6 1
3 .4 4
3.6 2
3.6 2

l , 141
960
181
68

3.2 5
3.2 7
3 . 17
3.6 1

3.20
3 . 19
3.35
3 .65

2 .9 1 - 3 .6 8
2.93 - 4 .0 0
2 .4 8 - 3 .6 3
3 .6 3 - 3 .6 8

179
175

3.2 7
3.2 7

3. 52
3 .5 2

3 .3 1 3 .3 3 -

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) — -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------- ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------MANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4
5

1,60 1,70
_
_

_______ 1 . 4 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y di v is

$
$
3 .1 8 - 3.6 5
3 .2 8 - 3 .4 9
3 .1 8 - 3 .6 6
3 .1 7 - 3 .6 6

3 .1 5 -

3.6 2
3 .6 2

-

2

-

~

1

-

3 .4 5

Data l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e re o t h e rw i se indicated.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w eek end s, ho lid a y s, and late shift s.
F o r d ef in it io n o f t e r m s , s e e footn ot e 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and othe r pu blic ut ilities.
In cl ud es a ll d r i v e r s , as def ine d, r e g a r d l e s s o f si z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r at e d .




-

52
52

6

-

-

-

36

9

3
3

63
7
56

9
9
-

146
146
-

56
56
-

246
2 38

196
147
49

22
22
-

68
68

15
15

_

_

17
17

62
62

57
57

20

_

20

-

-

_

8

8
4

42

-

102
34

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

2 46
246
"

-

~

_

_

~

14
B.

E stab lish m en t P ractices and S u p plem en tary W age P rovision s

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for W o m en Office W orkers

(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
Inex perien ced typists
Manufacturing
M inim um weekly straigh t-tim e s a l a r y 1

Other in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N on m anufactu rin g

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

Nonm anufacturing

M anufacturing

B a s e d on standard w e e k ly h ou r s 3 of—

All
in dustries

B a s e d o n st a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—

All
in du stries

All
schedules

40

40

All
schedules

40

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ____________________________________________

119

54

XXX

65

XXX

119

54

XXX

65

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m __________________

40

20

20

20

16

64

28

28

36

29

_
3
1
2
5
2
1
2
2
2

1
6
2
2

.
5
1
1

_
4
2
3
6

4
2
3
6

2
10
5
4
2

3
3

3
3

1
1
1

1
1
1

_
2
14
2
8
10
5
5
6
4

3

_
3
1
2
5
2
1
2
2
2

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g no s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ________________

23

16

XXX

7

XXX

29

20

XXX

9

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ___________________________________________________

56

18

XXX

38

XXX

26

6

XXX

20

XXX

$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$ 60 . 0 0
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50

and
and
and
and
an d
an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d

u n d e r $ 5 2 , 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 _____________________ ________________
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _______________________________________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________
o v e r _________________________________________________

1
9
1
4
5
4

3
4

3
3
-

3
1
4

3

3

2
4
1
1
2

2
4
1
1
2

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweek reported.




_
8
4
4
1

3

3

2

2
3
2
1
1

3
2
1
2




15

Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S hi ft d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1967)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la nt w o r k e r s —

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f o r m a l
p rov ision s 1 fo r—

A c t u a lly wo rk in g on—

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T hird or other
s h i ft w o r k

S e c o n d sh i ft

T hird o r other
s h i ft

T o t a l ------ ------------------------- ---------------------------------- --------

99 . 3

86. 6

22. 6

15. 7

W i t h s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____ 1____ ______________

90 . 5

84. 4

20. 8

15. 3

U n i f o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) __________________ ___

72. 6

62 . 5

15. 5

12. 6

.
5.
4 1.
8.
.
4.
2.
7.
.
1.

. 5
1. 5
4 0. 5

. 1
1. 5
8. 6
1 .9
. 1
1. 0
.4
1. 3
. 1
.4

4 c e n t s __________________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________________
6 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s ------------ ----------- --------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s _________________________________ ______
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
9 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n t s _________________________________________
12 c e n t s ------------------------------- -----------------------------15 c e n t s _________________________________________
17 c e n t s _________________________________________
18 c e n t s _______ ________ ____ _________ _________ ________
20 c e n t s _________________________________________
U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________________________________

5
5
3
4
7
5
7
2
1
7

-

2.
1.
4.
2.
3.

5
7
1
2
8
. 5
4. 3

-

.

15. 0

.

6

-

-

1
1
1
1

4

-

-

4. 8

2. 3

_

4. 8
-

-

-

1 .4

-

-

.

9

1.4

6. 6

.4

.

4

F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______________ _

even

.

-

1
3
7

1 . 0

15. 3

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

.
10.
.
.
.
.

5. 6
8. 4

5 p e r c e n t ________ _________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t __________________________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t _________________________________________________

W i t h no s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________________

8

15. 7

.

.

.

4

8

.

8. 8

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g lat e
th ou g h t he y w e r e no t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la te s h i f t s .

3

2. 1

shifts,

and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

_

. 1
1 .

8

w it h f o r m a l

provisions

covering

la t e

shifts

16

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours 1
of first-sh ift w orkers, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
O ffice w o rk e rs

P la nt w o r k e r s
W eekly hours
All in du stries 1
2

100

U n d e r 35 h o u r s ________________________________________
35 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------36 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 36 and u n d e r 2>llU h o u r s _____________________
37V2 h o u r s ___________________________________________
38V2 h o u r s
-------------------- ------------------------------------ _
40 h o u r s ----------------------------------------- ------------------------44 h o u r s ____________________________________________ —
45 h o u r s ______________ __________ - _ ____________
46 h o u r s --------------- — ----------------- --------------- -------- ------------------------ - _
48 h o u r s . -------------- ----O v e r 48 h o u r s ________________________ ___________

1
2
3
4
5

1
4
22
1
1
-

60
2
2
( 5)
5
2

Manufacturing

100

( 5)
"
30
1
_
61
1
1
2
3

P ublic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

All in dustries 4

100

M anufacturing

100

100

-

( 5)
"

( 5)
"

-

-

-

-

-

3
4
1
91
1
_
-

_
1
98

_
_
100
_
-

_
-

60
5
13
3
20

( 5)
_

S c h e d u l e d h o u r s a r e the w e e k l y h o u r s w h i c h a m a j o r i t y o f the f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t he y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e
I n c l u d e s dat a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a dd i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s tha n 0.5 p e r c e n t .




Public u t ilit ie s 3

_

rates.

17
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
P la nt w o r k e r s

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All in dustries 3

All in dustries 1

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
pa id h o l i d a y s _________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no pa id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

P u blic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

M anufacturing

Public u t il it i e s 2

1

N u m b er o f days
1 h o l i d a y ________________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ___________________________
7 h o l i d a y s pl u s 3 h a l f d a y s _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
9 holidays _
____
10 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________

1
1
11

_
6

(4 )
18
24
41
3

9
23
57
4

-

_
-

4
72
24
-

(4 )
(4 )
23
(4 )
12
(4 )
1
18
38
7

_

_

-

-

10
2
1
20
56
9

12
2
51
2
33
_
-

T o tal holiday tim e 5
10 d a y s __________________________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
8V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________ _____ _____ ____ ______
7V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ____________________ ___________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a l f

3
44
44
69
69
87
98
98
99

4
61
61
85
85
94
100
100
100

_
-

24
24
96
100
100
100

7
45
46
64
64
77
99
99
100

9
66
67
87
87
90
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t il it i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l and h a l f d a y s that add to the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s
d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s and 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e then c u m u l a t e d .




_
_
_

33
35
88
100
100
100

t h o s e w it h 9 fu l l d a y s

and

18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(Pe rcent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
O ffice w o rk e r s

P la nt w o r k e r s
Vacation policy
All in dustries 2

A l l w o r k e r s ---------- --------------

— ----------------------------

M anufacturing

P ublic u t il it i e s 3

All in du stries 4

M a nufacturing

Public u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
62
38
-

100
51
49
-

100
100
-

100
99
1
-

100
99
(5)
-

100
98
2
-

6
1
1

6

2
29
10
10

_
37
14
15

18
2
-

_
20
2
78
1

_
6

_
53
18
29
"

M ethod of payment
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d v a c a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t --------------- --------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ________________________________
O t h e r ------------------------------------------------------------------- —
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a i d v a c a t i o n s ------------------ -------- --------------------Am ount of vacation pay 6
A fter 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ------------------------------ ------------------------------1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

( 5)
-

-

A fter 1 y ear of s e r v ice
U n d e r 1 w e e k - . ___________________ ___________________
1 w e e k _______ — --------------- ------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------- ----- ---------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________

( 5)
70
1
29
( 5)

( 5)
63
1
36

_
85

( 5)

-

57
2
40

60
3
37
( 5)

52
1
48

-

15

-

93
1

A fter 2 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________ _____________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------

(5)

-

( 5)
94
1

5

3
96
1

1
95
3
1

1
94
4
1

19
4
76

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________ — —
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------- -------------------------------------

13
8
78
( 5)
1

11
11
77

11
8
81
( 5)
1

9
11
79
( 5)
1

1
1
67
1
30

_

2
63
1
35

( 5)
1

_
100
-

_
100
"

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s __ _________________________ _________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________ ___ __________________________

_

1

1

_

_

-

_

_

100

95
3
1

94
4
1

100

_

( 5)

_

-

-

-

_

lo o

60
1
39

47
1
52

100

-

-

_

-

A fter 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k - ________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________ _
_ ________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________ _______
3 w e e k s __ _____________________________________________

S ee f o o t n o t e s at en d of ta b l e .




_

"

_
_

-

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1
----- Continued

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
O ffice w o rk e rs

P la nt w o r k e r s
V acation p o licy
All in dustries 1
2

Manufacturing

P u blic u t il it i e s 3

1
17
10
71
1

17
14
69
1

1
99
-

1
13
9
76
1

All in d u str ie s 4

Manufacturing

Public u t ilitie s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t i n u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ______ _ _________ ______ _________ _____________ _
_
2 w e e k s __________ _________ — ------------------------------O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------- —
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------- ------------------4 w e e k s ------------------ ------------------ -------------------------------

13
1
79
4
3

34
66
-

-

( 5)
23
1
70
3
4

_
12
12
75
1

1
99
-

( 5)
18
1
75
3
4

10
1
83
4
3

2
98
-

1
6
2
54

_
3
2
48
( 5)
47

( 5)
6
45
1
49

1
32

( 5)
37

_
1
52
47

2
97
1

1
6
2
23

_
3
2
28
1
64
3

_
1
8
91
-

( 5)
4
21
( 5)
71
4

_
1
16
( 5)
79
3

_
3
2
19
( 5)
28
48

_
1
8
91
-

( 5)
4
18

_
1
13

( 5)
31
47

( 5)
23
64

_
2
8
_
90
-

_

-

( 5)
4
18

_

.

-

-

13

8

( 5)
31
47

( 5)
23
64

-

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________ _____ - —
2 w e e k s _____________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------- —
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------- ------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----------------- ------------------4 w e e k s ................. ............................................ .............................

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 week
2 w e e k s ________ _ _________________ _____________ —
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ______ ______ _______ _____________ ________ __ _
_
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------- -----------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

( 5)
67

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________ _______ ___________
2 w e e k s ____ _________________________________________
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------- ------------------------3 w e e k s -- -----------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ----- ------------- ------ ----4 w e e k s -------- ----------------- ------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

( 5)
66
2

_
2
-

8
90
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ----- --------------- ----- ----------------------------------------2 weeks
.. ...
O v e r 2 a nd u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s ____ __________________ _______ __ -------------O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

1
6
2
17
( 5)
36
38

M a x im u m vacation available 7
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------- ------ --------- —
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------- ------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ___ ___ _____________________ _______________
O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------

1
6
2
17
( 5)
36
39

3
2
19
( 5)
28
48

1
-

8
-

88
3

1

2

89
( 5)

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p l a n s o n l y . E x c l u d e s p la ns s u c h as v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s and t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w it h q ua l if y i n g le n gt h s
service.
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la ns in the s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , an d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s da ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t il it i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s ,
c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l e n t t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e ,
a payment of 2 p ercen t
o f ann ual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pa y.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d iv i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
or m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e after fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
7 F i g u r e s s h o w n a l s o i n d i c a t e the p r o v i s i o n s a ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
of




20

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la nt an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n b e n e f i t s , 1 A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1967
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o rk e rs

T y p e of b e n e f i t
All in du stries 1
2

M anufacturing

P ublic u t il it i e s 3

100

100

100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e __________________________ ________
A c c i d e n t a l d ea t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _______________________ - __ -------------S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b ot h 5_____________________________

97

98

73

84

94

S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------S i c k l e a v e (f u ll p a y an d no
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
Sick lea v e (p artia l pa y or
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) ---------------------- -----------------------H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ----------------------------------S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------- __ _ ---------------------- M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________ _____________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n - ------------------------------------------No h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n plan_______

A l l w o r k e r s --------------

--------------------------------------------------

All in du stries 4

M anufacturing

P ublic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

73

80

94

55

95

95

79

83

89

85

94

64

56

70

36

6

1

6

56

61

64

6

3

31

4

96
95
81
24
86
2

99
99
89
19
89
1

99
99
61
59
95

97
97
86
48
88

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g ;

24
99
99
93
35
91

99
99
92
88
81

( 6)

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s dat a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3
U n d u p l i c a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S i c k l e a v e pl a n s a r e l i m i t e d to t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t the
m i n i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y that c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in di v i du a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .




21

Table B-7.

Premium Pay for Overtime W o rk

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay
provisions, Akron, Ohio, July 1967)
O ffice w o rk e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
All in dustries 1

All w ork ers

_______________________________ _____

M anufacturing

P u blic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

All in du stries 3

Manufacturing

P u b l i c u t il it i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

82

91

99

71

87

70

82

91

99

71

87

70

1

1
90

99

( 5)
70

87

70

D a i l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
p rov ision s fo r daily o v e rtim e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s _____________ _____________________
T i m e an d o n e - h a l f ___________________________
E ffective after:
6 h o u r s _________________________ ________
7 h o u r s ----------------- ------------------------------8 h o u r s __________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e rt im e pay
at p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 __________________________

( 5)
81

___

18

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
p rov ision s for w eekly ov ertim e p a y 4
at p r e m i u m r a t e s ___ _
_ _ ____ ___
___________

99

100

100

97

99

100

99

100

100

97

99

100

2
95
1

_
100
-

2

2
98
-

1

-

W e e k l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s

T i m e and o n e - h a l f ______________________________
E ffective after:
L e s s th a n 37V2 h o u r s ___
____________
37V2 h o u r s ----- ----------------------------------------40 h o u r s ___ ______________________________
44 h o u r s ___________________________ ________
48 h o u r s ___________________________ _________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o
p r o v is io n s for w e e k ly o v e rt im e pay
at p r e m i u m r a t e s 6 _ _____ ___ _____ _ __

_____

•

_
( 5)
96
( 5)

( 5)
99
-

-

"

-

-

3

|

1

_
100
-

-

i_________________________________
1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e st a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t il it i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th o ug h s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y d o no t w o r k o v e r t i m e .
Graduated
p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r e m i u m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r the f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m i u m r a t e .
F o r e x a m p l e , a pl an c a l l i n g f o r t i m e an d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 and d o u b l e t i m e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w o u l d b e c o n s i d e r e d
a s t i m e and o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 h o u r s .
S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r n o p a y o r p a y at a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s and t i m e and o n e - h a l f a f t e r 40 h o u r s w o u l d b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t i m e and o n e - h a l f
a f t e r 40 h o u r s .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l i c y , o v e r t i m e is n ot w o r k e d .




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its fie ld
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's fie ld economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, pa rt-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, b ills, and invoices on a machine other than

Operates a bookkeeping m achine (R em ington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.

an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter.
M ay also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, m ach in e, are
classified by type of m achine,

as follows:

Class A .
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the

Biller, m achine (billin g m ach in e).
Uses a special billing m a ­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc . , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices

structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
mem orandum s, e tc .
Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shiDoincr charges,7 and entrv of necessarv extensions
r X
'-’
which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m ach in e, and
totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m ach in e. The oper­

Class B.
Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts p a y a b le, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of b illin g described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc .
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a ­
chine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase o f an establishm ent's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

22

23

CLERK,

CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G — Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in m aking proper
assignations and allocations.
May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing

journal

entries;

and m ay

direct class B accounting

clerks.

ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
M ay check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been fille d , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

Class B.
Under supervision, performs one or more
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers;
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled

routine a c ­
or accounts
reconciling
by general

ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc .
M ay
also file this m aterial.
M ay keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files.
M ay lead a small group of lower le v e l file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings.
Prepares sim ple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial.
M a y perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain
and service files.
Class C .
Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested,

locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. M ay make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
M ay use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

m atical
tical or
tom eter
of other

Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform m athe­
computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
other type of clerk, which m ay involve frequent use of a C om p­
but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
duties.

D UPLICATING-M ACH INE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR D ITTO )
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces m ultiple copies of typewritten or handwritten m atter, using a
M im eograph or Ditto m achine.
Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master.
M ay keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
M ay sort, co lla te , and staple com pleted m aterial.

m aterial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
c le rical and m anual tasks required to maintain and service files.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK,

ORDER
Class A .

R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m a il,
phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bina­

tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards.
Performs same tasks as lower
le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the m aking o f some determinations, for exam p le,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
M ay verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y -to -d a y work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m in i­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incom ing m a il, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, m aintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m e m ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
M ay also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRET A R Y — Co nt i nue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics.
Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows:
(a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or m anagerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffic e r ," used in the le v e l definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to m ajor com pany activities.
The title
"v ic e president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes o f applying the following le v e l definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ed iately below the corporate
officer le v e l) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that em ploys,
in a ll, over 25, O X persons.
C)
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

25

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer le v e l)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , m arketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segm ent (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em p loyees; or

May m aintain files, keep sim ple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER,

SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in lega l briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. M ay also set up and m aintain files, keep records, etc.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational

d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le ve l o f o fficial) that employs, in a ll, over 5, O X)
C
persons; or
e.

segm ent (e. g. , a m iddle m anagem ent supervisor o f an organizational seg­
m ent often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
that em ploys, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class C
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
several dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some com panies, this le v e l
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f o fficial) that employs, in a ll, fewer than
5 , 0 0 0 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em p loy ee , administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE:
Many com panies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this le v e l o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER,

GENERAL

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m ach in e; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m a il; and answering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a sin gle- or m u ltiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
c o lle c t, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a sin g le- or m u ltiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. M ay perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("L im ite d ” telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or i f the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e& ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position

TABU LATIN G -M ACH INE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions.

or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or

some filing work.
unit, for exam p le,

clerical work

May include sim ple wiring from diagrams and

operations.

m ay

take

the

m ajor part of this worker's tim e while at

The work typ ically involves portions o f a work
individual sorting or collatin g runs or repetitive

switchboard.

TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE OPERATOR,
TAB U LATIN G -M AC H IN E OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typ ically including such m achines as the tabulator,
calculator,
interpreter,
collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken.
As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations
and d a y -to -d a y supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and m ay include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for ex a m p le, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are

usually of a recurring nature where the pro­

GENERAL

Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. M ay also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as le g a l briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been m ade by another person. M ay in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m a il.

Class A .

Performs one or more of the follow ing:

Typing m a ­

terial in final form when it involves com bining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a ­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com p licated statistical tables
to m aintain uniformity and balance in spacing.
M a y type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

cedures are w ell established.
M ay also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m ach in e.
Class B.
Performs one or more of the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f form s, insurance p o licies,
Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

more

27

PROFESSIONAL

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSM AN

D RAFTSM AN
Class A .
Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents.
Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m end minor design changes.
Analyzes the effe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance.
C om p leted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations.
M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B.
Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, e tc .
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor.
Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C .
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared

include

isometric projections (depicting three

dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE
CARPENTER,

AND

M AINTENANCE

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishm ent.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,




Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items,
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE,

Work

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education,

accident prevention,

vironm ent, or other activities affecting
of all personnel.

AND

evaluation of plant en­

the health,

welfare,

and safety

PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28

ELECTRICIAN,

MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a ­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

training and experience.

Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illin g machines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to

ENGINEER,

STA T IO N A R Y

Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and b oile r-fe d
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations.
H ead or chief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

M ACH IN E-TO OL OPERATOR,

TOOLROOM

achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils.
For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m ach in e-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classification.

M A CH IN IST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN,

S T A T IO N A R Y BOILER

Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with h ea t, power, or steam.
Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, M AINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipm ent.
In general, the m achinist's work norm ally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

OILER

M ECH A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (MAINTENANCE)
Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks,
tablishm ent.
Work involves most of the following:

and tractors of an es­
Examining automotive

equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipm ent and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
M E CH A N IC ,

M A INTENANCE

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishment.
PAINTER,

M AINTENANCE

Paints and redecorates w alls,

woodwork,

and fixtures of an es­

tablishment.
Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white lead , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Repairs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves m ost o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
m achines and performing repairs that m ainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
m achine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling m achines; and
m aking a ll necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a m aintenance m ech an ic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perien ce.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs m achines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipm ent; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illw right's work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PIPEFITTER, M AINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, M AINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

SHEET-METAL WORKER,

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sh e e t-m e ta l­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­

as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal

cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounde.d
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs
or dies for forgings, punching,

m achine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
and other m etal-form ing work.
Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

I

TERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER,

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, h otel, or sim ilar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are exclu ded.

GUARD AN D W A T C H M A N
Guard.

Performs routine police duties,

either at fixed

post or

on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatem en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees
and other persons entering.
W atchm an.
property against fire,
JANITOR, PORTER,

LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
theft,

and illega l entry.

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffic e , apartment house, or com m ercial




OR CLEANER— Continued

A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location ; and transporting m a ­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

ORDER FILLER

For wage study purposes,

workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
R eceiving clerk
Fills

shipping

or transfer orders

for finished

goods from stored

merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions.
M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating item s filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER,

SHIPPING

Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em p loy ed , and m ethod of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLERK

Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
M ay also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order.
D river-salesm en and o ver-th e-roa d drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipm ent, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer c a p a c ity .)
Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 ^^ tons)
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

m edium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials.
Shipping work

TRUCKER,

involves:

Operates a manually controlled gasolin e- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a

A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available

means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records.
May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
dam aged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.




warehouse,

POWER

manufacturing plant,

or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker,
Trucker,

power (forklift)
power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o un t an t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, ch em ists, engin eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BL»S Bu lletin 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and
50 cents a c o p y .

N at i on al
Clerical

S ur vey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r ch 19&6.
M

# U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -303-599/20

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a se d f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in gton , D .C ., 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1967 1 _________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N .Y ., A p r . 1967 ___________
S
T
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x ., A p r . 1967 ______________________
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— J . ,
N.
F e b . 1967 _________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M ay 1967 ----------------------------------------------------B a lt im o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
B ea u m on t—P o r t A rth u r— r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1967 ____
O
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1967 1__________________________
B o is e C ity , Idah o, J u ly 1967_____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________

1 5 3 0 -8 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 0 ,

25 ce n ts
25 c e n ts
20 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 3 ,
1 5 7 5 -3 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 6 ,

25
25
30
20
30
20
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r. 1967 1 ------------------------------------------C a n ton , O h io , A p r . 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., A p r . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1966 1___________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1967 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .— d ., M a r. 1967 ________ _________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1966 1___________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1966 1________________________________

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

30
25
20
20
20
30
30
25
30
30
30

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iowa—
R
111.,
O ct. 1966 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1 9 6 7 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1966________________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a , F e b . 1967 ----------------------------------------D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1967 1 ______________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x ., N ov . 1966 1---------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g. 1966 1-----------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1 9 6 7 --------------------------------------------H o u sto n , T e x ., June 1967 ------------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , In d., D e c . 1966____________________________

1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

J a ck s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1 --------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s ., N ov. 1966_____________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1 9 6 7 _________
H
N
L ittle R o ck — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., July 1967______
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1967 1 ___________________
L o u is v ille , K y.— n d ., F e b . 1967 1 _______________________
I
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1967 -----------------------------------------------M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1967------------------------------------------M e m p h is, T e n n .— r k . , Jan. 1967 ----------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1966--------------------------------- ----------- —----M idland and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1967 ---------------------------


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
' Data on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

A rea

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1967 1_____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1967 1_______________
M u sk egon —M u sk eg on H e ig h t s , M ic h ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 _______________
N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan. 1 9 6 7 _____________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1 ___________________________
New Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1967 1______________________________
N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a ., June 1967 1______________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1966 1______________________

1 5 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 3 ,

30
30
20
25
25
30
40

1 5 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

25 cen ts
25 ce n ts

c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a , O c t. 1966___________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _____________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1______________________
N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1 9 6 7 ____________________________ .___
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1966_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _______________________
P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et—W a r w ic k , R .I .— a s s .,
M
M ay 1967 1 _________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., S ept. 1966_________________________________
R ich m o n d , V a ., N ov. 1966________________________________
R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1967 __________________________________

1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 9 ,

25
25
35
20
30
20
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts

1 5 3 0 -7 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 8 ,

30
20
25
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

30
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1___________________________
Salt L ake C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., June 1967 1 _______________ ___________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif .,
R
O
S ep t. 1966__________________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., Jan. 1967 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1 9 6 7 _________________________________
S cra n to n , P a ., Aug. 1966______________________ „___________
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a sh ., O c t. 1966________________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 4 ,

30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 2 ,

25
25
30
20
20
20
25

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

1 5 3 0 -4 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 5 7 5 -2 ,

20
25
25
20
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -6 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 5 ,
1 5 7 5 -1 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -7 8 ,

30
30
20
20
25
25
20

c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

S iou x F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ______________________________
S p ok an e, W a s h ., June 1967 1 ______________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S ep t. 1966 1 _____________
T o le d o , O h io—M ic h ., F e b . 1967 1_________________________
T r e n to n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
W a sh in g ton , D . C . - M d . - V a . , O c t . 1966 1_________________
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1_____________ __________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1 9 6 7 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 ......................................................................
Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1966___________________
W

1 5 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 9 ,

20
20
25
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102