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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area
Ju n e 1967

uubbock

J

• Lubbock

Bulletin No. 1530-75




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

REGION I— NEW ENGLAND
John F . K enn edy F e d e r a l Bu il d in g
Governm ent Center
R o o m 1 60 3 - B
B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2




REGION II— MID-ATLANTIC
34 1 Ninth A v e .
New Y o r k , N. Y. 10001
T e l . : 971-5405

REGION III— SOUTHERN
1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , NE.
At lan ta , G a . 30309
T e l . : 526-5418

REGION IV— NORTH CENTRAL
219 South D e a r b o r n St.
C h i c a g o , 111. 60604
T e l . : 353-7230

REGION V— WESTERN
450 G o ld e n G at e A v e .
Bo x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . 9 410 2
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

REGION VI— MOUNTAIN-PLAINS
F e d e r a l O f f i c e Bu ild in g
T hird F lo o r
911 W a ln ut St.
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . 641 06
T e l . : 374-2481

Area Wage Survey
The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area




June 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-75
Ju ly 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Contents

P reface

Page

T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied____________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected p e r io d s____________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations-w om en_________________________________
A - 2. P rofession al and technical occupations— e n ____________
m
A -3 . O ffice, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined_________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations___

Appendix.

Occupational descriptions____________________________________

E igh ty-six areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment p rac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in m ost of the a reas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Lubbock, T ex ., in June 1967. The Standard Metropolitan
Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget
through A p ril 1966, consists of Lubbock County. This study
was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta,
G a., Brunswick A . Bagdon, Director; by Robert F. M cNeely,
under the direction of James D. Garland. The study was
under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

areas.

iii

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back co v er.)

2

3

5
6
O'

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied.
After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of su rveys, a tw o-part summary bulletin is issued.
The fir st part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction__________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________

09 'J

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings , and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

9




Area Wage Survey----The Lubbock, Tex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W h ere w e e k ly hours are
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la st p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r s tu dy.
P e r so n a l v isits w e r e m ade
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E sta b lish m en ts
h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w hich m e e t publication c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , area w id e e s t i ­
m ates.
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f f in g and, th u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in
in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m ay c o n t r ib ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the da ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c cu pation s

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
i n g s da ta .

and E a rn in g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
in g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in
th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d a nd d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x .
T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a t io n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t da t a .




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in this
b ulletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s
f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L u b b o c k ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J un e 1967

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry d ivision

A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ ___________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5_____________ __________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6_________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ______________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_______
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ________________________________________

N u m ber o f establishm ents

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

I
W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

_

T e x .,1

W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

100

62

13, 400

100

10, 390

-

27
73

21
41

4, 000
9, 400

30
70

3, 500
6, 890

50
50
50
50
50

13
13
28
7
12

10
5
14
5
7

2, 500
900
4, 500
700
800

18
7
34
5
6

2, 300
360
3, 160
590
4 80

50

1 T h e L u b b o c k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f L u b b o c k C o u n t y .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r
f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the
a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d st u d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
by industry division .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i t h in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Separate presentation
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e st ud y, (2) the s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
7 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u tom obile re p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ictu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip org a n iz a tio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A b o u t o n e - t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y m the .Lu bbo ck a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry grou p s

S p e c if ic in d u stries

F o o d p r o d u c t s ______________________ 47
M achinery (except
e l e c t r i c a l ) _________________________ 23

M is c e lla n e o u s food p r e p a r a t i o n s and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----- 20
C o n s t r u c t i o n , m in i n g , and
m a t e r i a l s h a nd lin g m a c h i n ­
e r y and e q u i p m e n t ______________ 15
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ---------------------------- 10

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P resented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average sa la ries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estim ates are
m easures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to m easure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing

the aggregate for

the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year.
The resultant
relative, le ss 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y ea r's relative by the previous y ea r's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
O ffice clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpe nters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
T ool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Lubbock, Tex. ,
June 1967 and June 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(May 1961=100)

Percents o f increase

Occupational group
June 1967

Office clerical (men and w om en)-------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ----------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------------------------

* Data do not m eet publication criteria.




June 1966

June 1966
to
June 1967

June 1965
to
June 1966

125.0

117.6

6.3

2 .9

i 1)
( l)

C
1)

( J)
( !)
6.2

( J)
(M
.8

123.8

(l )

116. 5

June 1964
to
June 1965

June 1963
to
June 1964

3 .7
( J)
(M
4 .4

3.8

2 .4

(M
(M
6 .0

i 1)

June 1962
to
June 1963

C
1)
3.9

May 1961
to
June 1962

3 .7
( 1)
( !)
.6

June 1960
to
May 1961

3. 1
( J)
( X)
3. 1

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m easure
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs,
excluding p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , a nd l a t e s h i f t s .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da ta f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jo b s w ithin e a ch g ro u p .
L im itations

C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th ou gh a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g es m ay have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have rise n co n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f Data

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s
of ch a nge, as m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
wage changes,
(2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in the d a t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
Data w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Women

( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in du str y di v is io i
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek l y ea rn in gs of —

$

$
55

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
j
under
60

8 OOKKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

20

40.5

$
84.00

$
84.00

$
74.5 0-

$

60
-

-

65

70

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------------------

55

40.0

6 8 . 50

68.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

42
35
21

40.5
40.5
40.0

9 5.50
9 4.5 0
99.50

9 3.50
92.50
105.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

123
17
106

40.0
40.0
40.0

75.00
7 3.00
75.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

25
18

40.0
40.0

80.50
80.50

$

65

70

$

$

75

$

$

80

75

-

$
9 7.00

63.0 0-

$

85

90

-

80

85

$

-

90

6

2

3

$

95
-

95

3

$

100

$

$

$

$

4

115

120

125

130

135

-

-

-

-

-

,
and

110

105

110

-

-

100

$

105

115

120

125

130

135

over

-

_
-

..
-

-

-

1
1
1

-

_

1

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

2

7 6.00

6

14

12

8

10

3

1

1

85.5 0-11 0.5 0
8 5.0 0-11 0.5 0
8 4.0 0-11 3.0 0

_
-

_
-

6
6
4

3
3
2

8
7
2

5
4
-

5
3
3

1
1
1

9
8
8

1
-

-

1
~

2
2

-

_
-

7 6.00
74.00
7 6.50

6 7 .0 07 1.0 066.5 0-

8 3.00
7 9.00
83.50

9
2
7

17
1
16

13
13

20
8
12

20
3
17

23
23

9
3
6

2

7

1

-

1

_

2

7

1

80.00
81.50

72.0 072.0 0-

87.50
9 1.00

_

1
1

3
3

7
2

2
2

6
5

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

1
-

1
1

1
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------

23

40.0

76.00

74.00

6 7.50-

8 9.00

-

3

6

4

1

-

5

4

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

28
27

40.0
40.0

7 9.00
79.00

80.00
80.00

7 6.0 076.0 0-

84.00
84.00

_

_

1
1

4
4

10
9

9
9

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42
36

40.0
40.0

73.00
73.50

73.50
7 4.50

6 8.5 06 9.0 0-

79.00
8 0.00

2
2

2
2

10
7

11
8

9
Q

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

-

“

1
1

-

~

SECRETARIES4------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

73
68
18

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

92.50
93.00
108.00

92.00
92.00
109.00

8 5 .0 0 - 98.50
8 6 .0 0 - 99.00
99.5 0-11 8.0 0

_
-

2
1
-

5
5
-

1
1

-

2
2
2

8
6
1

12
12
-

19
18
-

9
9
2

4
4
3

3
2
2

3
3
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

21
20

40.0
40.0

93.50
9 3.50

92.50
9 2.50

9 0.009 0.00-

9 5.00
9 5.00

-

_

-

_

-

12
11

3
3

_

-

4
4

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

“

SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

20
17

40.0
40.0

97.50
99.50

1 0 4 . 0C
105.00

8 5 .5 0-11 3.0 0
87.5 0-11 4.0 0

_

2
2

1
-

_

2
1

3
3

1
1

_

2
2

3
2

3
3

2
2

_

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

77
68
22

40.0
40.0
40.0

74.50
7 5.00
88.00

70.50
71.00
88.00

6 3.0062.5 08 3.00-

86.50
87.50
95.50

7
7

20
19
-

11
7
4

9
7

3
2
“

5
5
3

11
10
3

4
4
2

5
5
3

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

48
43
18

4 0 .C 9 5.50
40.0
9 4.50
40.0 106.50

97.50
89.50
110.00

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 0.0 0-10 9.0 0
3 7.0 0-12 3.0 0

1
1
-

1
1
~

_
-

5
5

4
A
2

5
5
2

7
7
2

1
-

_
-

9
7
3

4
4

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

22
15

40.5
41.0

7 0.00
7 2.00

69.00
7 2.00

59.005 9.00-

76.00
85.00

7
5

2
-

3
1

5
5

-

2
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

TYP ISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING--------------------------------

19
17

40.0
40.0

7 2.00
73.00

73.00
73.50

69.007 0.5 0-

77.00
77.50

_

2

4
4

7
7

5
5

1
1

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

“

-

-

“

2
2
2

_
-

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

-

_

_

1
1

_

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

~

2
2
2

“

-

-

“

“

7
7
7

-

-

-

“

3
1
1

-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

“

-

-

raight - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,, and the
ea rn i n gs c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w eek ly ho ur s.
The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the ea rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and dividing by the nu m b er of w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n d es ig n a t es po s it io n— half of the e m p l o y e e s
s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e ra nge is de fi ne d by 2 ra t e s of pay; a fou rt h of the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r
o f t he se ra t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the high er rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public ut ili t ie s.
4 Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s oth er than those pr e se nt ed s e p a r a t e l y .




6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a re a b a s is
by in du st r y d i v is i o n , L u bb oc k , T ex . , June 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

O cc u p a t io n

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of—
$

$
80

$

M ean 23

Median 2

$
1 00.00

$
102.00

O
0
O
'

40.0

1
o
o

24

• O
fc^ O

n
o

$

$
90

90

95

$
95

$
100

$
10 5

$
11 0

$
115

$
12 0

125

$
130

100

105

110

11 5

120

125

130

135

1

2

and
und er

M iddle range 2

80
nn m i-T/*ijrn
OK APT SrlcN • /*i P r o
IL i or

85

85

75

2

5

4

1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the e a rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , se e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .

4

1

4

-

sa la ri e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r

1

and/or

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y hour s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a ba s is
by in du str y d i v is io n, L ub b o ck , T e x . , June 1967)
Average

O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

40.5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

55

40.0
4 0.0
40.5

97.50
9 7.00
1 02.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURING —

128
21
107

40.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

7 5.00
72.00
75.50

CLERKS. ORDER --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING --------------------------------

36
30

40.0
4 0.0

7 5.50
7 4.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
19

40.0
4 0.0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

82.00
8 2.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------miQi t L UtI ti TTtr b2 — — — — — —
UtiL 1r n 1L 1 1 l rf
— — — —

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------

28
27

40.0
40.0

79.00
7 9.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

43
37

40.0
4 0.0

73.00
73.00

( ■ p rmtP1AK1 Lfo3
OUv n T in rc
NCNMANUFACTURlNG -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2 ---------------------------

69
19

4 0.0
40.0

94.00
109.50

SECRETARIES:; CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

?!
20

40.0
40.0

9 9.90
9 3.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

21
18

40.0
40.0

99.50
101.50

o
o

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

$

1 Standard hour s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w ee k l y h o u r s .
2 T ra n sp or t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o the r publ ic u t ili t ie s.
3 Ma y incl ud e w o r k e r s ot he r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




Average

O cc up a tio n and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
$
7 6.00

68.50

48
38

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

O
O

20

00

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------

Number
of

-

Number
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
eamings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2 ----------------------------

77
68
22

4 0.0
4 0.0
40.0

$
7 4.50
75.0 0
8 8.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S2 -----------------------------------

49
44
19

40.0
40.0
4 0.0

9 6.00
9 5.00
107.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

22
15

4 0.5
4 1.0

70.0 0
7 2.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

21
19

4 0.0
40.0

73.0 0
7 4.00

24

4 0.0

1 00.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B ----------------------------------

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

rates),

and the ea rn i n gs

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant. Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly e a rn i n gs f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stu died on an a r e a b a s i s
by ind ust ry d i v is i o n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1967)
Numb e r of vworkers r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea rn i n gs of—

Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
1 .7 0
M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

u u- u n i i r r
nnc r n AN l v O f

u « r N Ir i rINAriU c
“ MI m C t iiiir t

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------------

$

29
20
19

$

$

2 .6 5

2 .1 9 -

2 .7 9

2 43
2.39

n 1 1 ..
c. • 3 5 *
“

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

S
2 .5 0

$
2 .7 0

$

$

%

%

%

$

*

$

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

i

2 .6 0

3 .5 0

3.6 0

3.7 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2. 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3.10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3.6C

3 .7 0

3.8 0

8

4

-

2

-

2
2

2
2

2 89
2 .8 5

2 70
2 .6 4

2 .3 3 -

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e ek e n d s,
F o r d e fi ni t io n o f t e r m s , s e e footno te 2, table A - l .




$
2 .0 0

$

$

2 .6 2

$
1 .9 0

and
und er
1 .8 0

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------------------------

$
1.80

1

h o l id a y s ,

1

2

4

1

and late shi fts.

3

2

7

-

-

2

2
4

3
2

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a ba s is
by in du st r y di v is i o n , L u b b o ck , T e x . , June 1967)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings2

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du str y di v is i o n

of
workers

Under
M ean34

M edian3

Middle range

$
1.40

$
$
1. 50 1. 60

$
1.,70

$
1.8 0

%
$
1. 90 2 . 0 0

$
2 .10

$
$
$
2. 20 2 . 30 2 . 4 0

$

$

$

%

$

$

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

S
3 .3 0

$

2 .6 0

$
2 . 70

$

2 .5 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

1. 60

1.,80

1 .9 0

2 . 00 2 . 1 0

2 .20

2 . 30 2 . 40 2 . 5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

over

-

-

_
-

$

and
under

$

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1. 70

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------------

18

$
1.55

$
1 .5 7

$
1 .4 8 -

$
1 .6 5

*

6

5

6

~

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 5---------------------------

1 39
66
73
18

1 .5 6
1.57
1 .5 5
1 .7 7

1.6 1
1 .6 0
1.63
1.75

1 .4 7 1 .4 8 1 .4 5 1 .4 8 -

1 .7 5
1 .7 0
1 .7 9
1 .9 5

11
4 11
-

35
21
14
6

22
13
9
1

28
16
12
2

18
7
11
-

18
9
9
5

1

2

2

_

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

2
-

2
2

-

-

“

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------------------

229
110
119
21

1 .6 8
1 .5 9
1.76
2 .0 9

1.6 2
1.56
1.6 8
1.7 9

1 .5 2 1 .5 1 1 .6 0 1 .7 5 -

1.76
1.66
1.79
2 .7 4

-

46
20
26
-

58
55
3

51
14
37
“

30
6
24
12

9
7
2
"

8
6
2
“

2
2
-

1
1
1

10
2
8
1

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

105
96

1.9 3
1 .9 1

1.8 7
1 .8 4

1 .7 2 1 .7 1 -

2 .1 9
2 .2 3

_

5
5

4
4

13
13

19
19

17
17

2
1

12
12

8
-

7
7

2
2

16
16

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

28
22

2 .2 4
2 . 24

2 .3 3
2 .3 3

1 .7 4 1 .7 3 -

2.68
2.6 5

-

3
3

1

2
2

3
3

-

-

2
1

2
1

_

-

-

6
5

-

TRUCKORIVERS6 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

186
46
140

2 .3 9
1.8 2
2 .5 7

2 .0 6
1 .7 6
2 .3 5

1 .7 6 1 .7 2 1 .8 6 -

3 .5 1
1.8 0
3 .5 3

11
11

4
1
3

10
5
5

35
30
5

20
20

9
2
7

7
7

9
9

2
2

-

TRUCK DR IV ER S, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
26

1. 80
1.81

1 .5 8
1. 58

1 .4 6 1 .4 6 -

2.1 8
2.1 8

11
11

4
3

_

_

4
4

1
1

1
1

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM U - l / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

133
1 14

2 .6 4
2.7 5

2.48
3 .1 3

1 .8 9 1 .9 3 -

3 .5 4
3.55

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

102
30
72

1.94
1.8 3
1.99

1.9 2
1 .7 8
1. 96

1 .7 4 1 .6 9 1 .8 0 -

2.21
2 .1 3
2 .2 2

“
-

_
“

_

-

_

“

1

3
3

_

_

-

7

-

-

_

_

_

-

“

-

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

2
2

_

2
-

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

3

6

_

_

-

_

6

_

3

6

“

6

_

_

“

“

3
3

-

3
3

-

9
8
1

_

_

_

-

-

10
5

9
5

17
17

9
7

7
7

5
5

1
1

2
2

9
1

3
3

3
3

_

4
4

10
10

6
4
2

15
9
6

15
1
14

10
3
7

7
2
5

9

13
3
10

4
4

_

_

5

-

1 Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s .
2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho l id a y s, and late shifts.
3 F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , se e fo ot not e 2, table A - l .
4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s :
2 at $0. 7 0 to $0. 80; 6 at $ 0. 8 0 to $0.9 0; and 3 at $1 to $1.1 0.
5 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and other pu bl ic u til iti e s.
6 In cl ude s all d r i v e r s , as def ined , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type of tr uc k op e r at e d .




7
7

-

-

9

-

5

“

_

-

52
52

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

”

~

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

4

-

_

_

_

~
_

_

1
1

~

“

4

-

_

_

52
52
-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary wodcers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shinning charges, and entrv of necessarv extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a complete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

9

10

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this m aterial. May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages o f company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

11

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supeiyisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

12

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in ail, over 5 ,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician oi expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^ftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

13
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

14
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recomm end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities o f materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




15

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the followings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

16
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x perienee. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

17

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

18

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity.)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 */2 tons)
medium (1 Vz to anc^ including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,

Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e seven th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s ,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e ig h t ra te c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BBS B u lletin 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l , and
50 cents a c o p y .

N a tion a l
C le rica l

Survey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — arch 1 9 6 6 .
-M

☆

U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 - 3 0 3 - 5 9 7 / 6




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., Z0402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin number
and price

Area

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1______________________________ 1465-81,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967----------------- 1530-62,
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1967_____________________
1530-60,
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J.,
N
Allentown—
Feb. 1967_______________________________________________ 1530-53,
Atlanta, G a ., May 1967_________________________________ 1530-71,
Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-30,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1967_____ 1530-74,
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1967 1_______________________ 1530-63,
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1__________________________ 1530-2,
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1966______________________________ 1530-16,
Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1966 1______________________________ 1530-38,
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1967 1___________________________ 1530-52,
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967________________________________ 1530-58,
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967_________________________ 1530-61,
Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 1967_____________________________ 1530-64,
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1966 1_________________ 1530-8,
G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 1_______________________________ 1530-73,
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967________ _________ 1530-56,
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1_________________________
1530-13,
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-20,
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1__________________________ —
— 1530-25,

1 Da
t a o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t


p r a c tic e s

and

s u p p le m e n t a r y

w age

1465-61,
1530-42,
1530-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1465-82,

20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20cents
25cents

1530-18,
1530-67,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25cents
25cents
35cents
20cents
30cents
20cents
25cents

1530-70,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1530-68,

30cents
20cents
25 cents
20cents

111., Oct. 1966 1_________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_______________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1966________________ __________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1966______________________ _________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1__________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1967 1____________
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1966_____________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1967________________________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966____________________ ___________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966_____—_______________

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30cents
25cents
20cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1530-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25 cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1967__ __________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1966___- _________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F la ., Sept. 1966 1____________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1967 1________________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1______________________________
Washington, D .C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1966 1________________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1967___________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1966 1_____________________________
Worcester, M ass., June 1966 1_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1967....... ...........................................................
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966__________________

1530-12,
1530-57,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1530-50,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1530-54,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1530-47,
1530-29,

20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1530-65,
1530-49,
1530-75,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents

p r o v is io n s a r e

a ls o

Bulletin number
and price

30cents Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1966____________________________
25cents Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1________________
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1967_________
20cents Muskegon—
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Feb. 1967______________
25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967____________________________
25cents New Orleans, La., Feb. 1967 1__________________________
30cents New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1________________ ___________
20cents Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
30cents Hampton, Va., June 1966______________________________
25cents Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1966 1_____________________
25cents
Iowa, Oct. 1966_________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
30cents Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N .J ., May 1967_____________
P
25cents Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1966 1____________________
N
20cents Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1967______________________________
20cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19671_____________________________
20cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966_____________________________
30cents Portland, Or eg.— ash., May 1966 1____________________
W
30cents Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— a ss.,
M
25cents
May 1967 1_______________________________________________
30cents Raleigh, N .C., Sept. 1966_______________________________
30cents Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966_____________________ -________
Rockford, 111., May 1967________________________________
30 cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1_____________________________________________ 1530-19,
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967________________________________ 1530-45,
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966_________________________ _____ 1530-32,
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967.__________________________ 1530-44,
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1_____________________________ 1530-48,
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1____________________ _____ 1530-28,
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1966 1--------------------------------------- 1530-5,
Greenville, S .C ., May 1 9 6 7 .....------------------------------------- 1530-66,
Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 _____________________________ 1465-85,
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966__________________________
1530-37,
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1967_____________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 19671_________________________
Kansas City, Mo.— ans., Nov. 1966___________________
K
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.—
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1967 1___________________
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1967 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1967______________________________
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1________________________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Jan. 1967______________________
A
Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966____________________ -___-__ —___
Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 _______________

Area

p re se n te d .


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102