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A re a Wage S u rv e y The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area Ju n e 1967 uubbock J • Lubbock Bulletin No. 1530-75 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES REGION I— NEW ENGLAND John F . K enn edy F e d e r a l Bu il d in g Governm ent Center R o o m 1 60 3 - B B o s t o n , M a s s . 02203 T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 REGION II— MID-ATLANTIC 34 1 Ninth A v e . New Y o r k , N. Y. 10001 T e l . : 971-5405 REGION III— SOUTHERN 1371 P e a c h t r e e S t . , NE. At lan ta , G a . 30309 T e l . : 526-5418 REGION IV— NORTH CENTRAL 219 South D e a r b o r n St. C h i c a g o , 111. 60604 T e l . : 353-7230 REGION V— WESTERN 450 G o ld e n G at e A v e . Bo x 36017 San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . 9 410 2 T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8 REGION VI— MOUNTAIN-PLAINS F e d e r a l O f f i c e Bu ild in g T hird F lo o r 911 W a ln ut St. K a n s a s C i t y , M o . 641 06 T e l . : 374-2481 Area Wage Survey The Lubbock, Texas, Metropolitan Area June 1967 Bulletin No. 1530-75 Ju ly 1967 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents Contents P reface Page T a b les: 1. 2. A. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied____________________________________________________ Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of increase for selected p e r io d s____________________ Occupational earnings:* A - 1. Office occupations-w om en_________________________________ A - 2. P rofession al and technical occupations— e n ____________ m A -3 . O ffice, professional, and technical occupations— men and women combined_________________________ A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________ A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations___ Appendix. Occupational descriptions____________________________________ E igh ty-six areas currently are included in the program . Information on occupational earnings is collected annually in each area. Information on establishment p rac tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien nially in m ost of the a reas. This bulletin presents results of the survey in Lubbock, T ex ., in June 1967. The Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through A p ril 1966, consists of Lubbock County. This study was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, G a., Brunswick A . Bagdon, Director; by Robert F. M cNeely, under the direction of James D. Garland. The study was under the general direction of Donald M. Cruse, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations. 1 3 areas. iii * NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other (See inside back co v er.) 2 3 5 6 O' At the end of each survey, an individual area bul letin presents survey results for each area studied. After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round of su rveys, a tw o-part summary bulletin is issued. The fir st part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents information which has been projected from individual m et ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the United States. Introduction__________________________________________________________________ Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________ 09 'J The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de signed to provide data on occupational earnings , and estab lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the United States. A m ajor consideration in the program is the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions. 9 Area Wage Survey----The Lubbock, Tex., Metropolitan Area Introduction T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n . E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h ere w e e k ly hours are r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r . T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la st p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r s tu dy. P e r so n a l v isits w e r e m ade to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y . In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M ajor i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E sta b lish m en ts h a v i n g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e t a b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w hich m e e t publication c r i t e r i a . The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , area w id e e s t i m ates. In dustries and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a f f in g and, th u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b . T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts . O ther p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ich m ay c o n t r ib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y th e a c t u a l r a t e s p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d . T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . To o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the da ta , h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . Es t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e , as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a , e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e stu d ie d . O c cu pation s O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c tually s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n i n g s da ta . and E a rn in g s T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w in g t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w it h in th e s a m e j o b . T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s da ta f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f th e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in du stry d iv is io n s w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da t a . E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in this b ulletin . I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in th is a r e a . T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r th is a r e a . 1 2 T a b l e 1. E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L u b b o c k , b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 J un e 1967 M inim um em ploym ent in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e o f st u d y Industry d ivision A l l d i v i s i o n s __________________________________________ M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________ ___________________ N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________________ T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5_____________ __________ W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6_________________________________ R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ______________________________________ F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_______ S e r v i c e s 6 7 ________________________________________ N u m ber o f establishm ents W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s I W ithin s c o p e o f study 3 _ T e x .,1 W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4 Studied Studied Number Percent 100 62 13, 400 100 10, 390 - 27 73 21 41 4, 000 9, 400 30 70 3, 500 6, 890 50 50 50 50 50 13 13 28 7 12 10 5 14 5 7 2, 500 900 4, 500 700 800 18 7 34 5 6 2, 300 360 3, 160 590 4 80 50 1 T h e L u b b o c k S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f L u b b o c k C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( l ) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d st u d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y . 2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s by industry division . 3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t . 4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t ( w i t h in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n . 5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d . 6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s . Separate presentation o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e st ud y, (2) the s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta . 7 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u tom obile re p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ictu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip org a n iz a tio n s (ex clu din g re lig io u s an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s . A b o u t o n e - t h i r d o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y m the .Lu bbo ck a r e a w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s . T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g : Industry grou p s S p e c if ic in d u stries F o o d p r o d u c t s ______________________ 47 M achinery (except e l e c t r i c a l ) _________________________ 23 M is c e lla n e o u s food p r e p a r a t i o n s and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----- 20 C o n s t r u c t i o n , m in i n g , and m a t e r i a l s h a nd lin g m a c h i n e r y and e q u i p m e n t ______________ 15 B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ---------------------------- 10 T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y . P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e . 3 Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups P resented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change in average sa la ries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes are a m easure of wages at a given tim e, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted between July I960 and June 1961). Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percentages of change or increase relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. These estim ates are m easures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended to m easure average pay changes in the establishments in the area. Method of Computing in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year employments wherever possible. The average (mean) earnings for each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant relative, le ss 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound) each y ea r's relative by the previous y ea r's index. Average earnings for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends: Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment O ffice clerical (men and women): Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B Clerks, accounting, classes A and B Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C Clerks, order Clerks, payroll Comptometer operators Keypunch operators, classes A and B O ffice boys and girls Table 2. Office clerical (men and women)— Continued Secretaries Stenographers, general Stenographers, senior Switchboard operators, classes A and B Tabulating-machine operators, class B Typists, classes A and B Skilled maintenance (men): Carpe nters Electricians Machinists Mechanics Mechanics (automotive) Painters Pipefitters T ool and die makers Unskilled plant (men): Janitors, porters, and cleaners Laborers, material handling Industrial nurses (men and women): Nurses, industrial (registered) Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Lubbock, Tex. , June 1967 and June 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods Indexes (May 1961=100) Percents o f increase Occupational group June 1967 Office clerical (men and w om en)-------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----------------------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ----------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------------------------- * Data do not m eet publication criteria. June 1966 June 1966 to June 1967 June 1965 to June 1966 125.0 117.6 6.3 2 .9 i 1) ( l) C 1) ( J) ( !) 6.2 ( J) (M .8 123.8 (l ) 116. 5 June 1964 to June 1965 June 1963 to June 1964 3 .7 ( J) (M 4 .4 3.8 2 .4 (M (M 6 .0 i 1) June 1962 to June 1963 C 1) 3.9 May 1961 to June 1962 3 .7 ( 1) ( !) .6 June 1960 to May 1961 3. 1 ( J) ( X) 3. 1 4 F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s . F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m easure c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in gs, excluding p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a nd l a t e s h i f t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da ta f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t jo b s w ithin e a ch g ro u p . L im itations C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e that e v e n th ou gh a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e w a g es m ay have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S im ila rly, w ages m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m ay have rise n co n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts e n t e r e d the a r e a . o f Data T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of ch a nge, as m e a s u r e s of c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y : ( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and wage changes, (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n c l u d e d in the d a t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s . T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by c h a n g e s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y for overtim e. Data w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y . 5 A. Occupational Earnings Table A-l. Office Occupations—Women ( A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly ho ur s and ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is by in du str y di v is io i Weekly earnings1 (standard) O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y di v is i o n Number of workers Average weekly hours1 (standard) N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek l y ea rn in gs of — $ $ 55 M ean 2 Median 2 Middle range 2 and j under 60 8 OOKKEEPING—MACHINE OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------- 20 40.5 $ 84.00 $ 84.00 $ 74.5 0- $ 60 - - 65 70 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------------------------- 55 40.0 6 8 . 50 68.50 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------- 42 35 21 40.5 40.5 40.0 9 5.50 9 4.5 0 99.50 9 3.50 92.50 105.00 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 123 17 106 40.0 40.0 40.0 75.00 7 3.00 75.50 CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 25 18 40.0 40.0 80.50 80.50 $ 65 70 $ $ 75 $ $ 80 75 - $ 9 7.00 63.0 0- $ 85 90 - 80 85 $ - 90 6 2 3 $ 95 - 95 3 $ 100 $ $ $ $ 4 115 120 125 130 135 - - - - - , and 110 105 110 - - 100 $ 105 115 120 125 130 135 over - _ - .. - - - 1 1 1 - _ 1 _ _ - 1 - - - _ _ - - - 2 7 6.00 6 14 12 8 10 3 1 1 85.5 0-11 0.5 0 8 5.0 0-11 0.5 0 8 4.0 0-11 3.0 0 _ - _ - 6 6 4 3 3 2 8 7 2 5 4 - 5 3 3 1 1 1 9 8 8 1 - - 1 ~ 2 2 - _ - 7 6.00 74.00 7 6.50 6 7 .0 07 1.0 066.5 0- 8 3.00 7 9.00 83.50 9 2 7 17 1 16 13 13 20 8 12 20 3 17 23 23 9 3 6 2 7 1 - 1 _ 2 7 1 80.00 81.50 72.0 072.0 0- 87.50 9 1.00 _ 1 1 3 3 7 2 2 2 6 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - - 1 - 1 1 1 - COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------- 23 40.0 76.00 74.00 6 7.50- 8 9.00 - 3 6 4 1 - 5 4 - - - - KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 28 27 40.0 40.0 7 9.00 79.00 80.00 80.00 7 6.0 076.0 0- 84.00 84.00 _ _ 1 1 4 4 10 9 9 9 3 3 1 1 _ _ _ _ - - - - KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 42 36 40.0 40.0 73.00 73.50 73.50 7 4.50 6 8.5 06 9.0 0- 79.00 8 0.00 2 2 2 2 10 7 11 8 9 Q 7 7 _ _ _ _ _ - “ 1 1 - ~ SECRETARIES4------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------- 73 68 18 4 0.0 40.0 40.0 92.50 93.00 108.00 92.00 92.00 109.00 8 5 .0 0 - 98.50 8 6 .0 0 - 99.00 99.5 0-11 8.0 0 _ - 2 1 - 5 5 - 1 1 - 2 2 2 8 6 1 12 12 - 19 18 - 9 9 2 4 4 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 21 20 40.0 40.0 93.50 9 3.50 92.50 9 2.50 9 0.009 0.00- 9 5.00 9 5.00 - _ - _ - 12 11 3 3 _ - 4 4 - - 1 1 - - “ “ SECRETARIES. CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 20 17 40.0 40.0 97.50 99.50 1 0 4 . 0C 105.00 8 5 .5 0-11 3.0 0 87.5 0-11 4.0 0 _ 2 2 1 - _ 2 1 3 3 1 1 _ 2 2 3 2 3 3 2 2 _ STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------- 77 68 22 40.0 40.0 40.0 74.50 7 5.00 88.00 70.50 71.00 88.00 6 3.0062.5 08 3.00- 86.50 87.50 95.50 7 7 20 19 - 11 7 4 9 7 3 2 “ 5 5 3 11 10 3 4 4 2 5 5 3 - - - STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------- 48 43 18 4 0 .C 9 5.50 40.0 9 4.50 40.0 106.50 97.50 89.50 110.00 8 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0 8 0.0 0-10 9.0 0 3 7.0 0-12 3.0 0 1 1 - 1 1 ~ _ - 5 5 4 A 2 5 5 2 7 7 2 1 - _ - 9 7 3 4 4 - SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------- 22 15 40.5 41.0 7 0.00 7 2.00 69.00 7 2.00 59.005 9.00- 76.00 85.00 7 5 2 - 3 1 5 5 - 2 1 - 3 3 - - - TYP ISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------NONMANUF ACTURING-------------------------------- 19 17 40.0 40.0 7 2.00 73.00 73.00 73.50 69.007 0.5 0- 77.00 77.50 _ 2 4 4 7 7 5 5 1 1 - - _ - - - - - - - - - - - _ _ - _ - _ _ - - _ _ “ - - “ 2 2 2 _ - 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - _ _ 1 1 _ 1 1 _ _ - - - ~ 2 2 2 “ - - “ “ 7 7 7 - - - “ 3 1 1 - 1 1 1 - - - - - - ~ - - _ “ - - raight - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at re g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) ,, and the ea rn i n gs c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w eek ly ho ur s. The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a ch jo b by totaling the ea rn in gs o f all w o r k e r s and dividing by the nu m b er of w o r k e r s . The m e d i a n d es ig n a t es po s it io n— half of the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown. The m id dl e ra nge is de fi ne d by 2 ra t e s of pay; a fou rt h of the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f t he se ra t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the high er rate. 3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and oth er public ut ili t ie s. 4 Ma y in clu de w o r k e r s oth er than those pr e se nt ed s e p a r a t e l y . 6 Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men ( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ho ur s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a t io ns studied on an a re a b a s is by in du st r y d i v is i o n , L u bb oc k , T ex . , June 1967) W eekly earnings1 (standard) Number of workers O cc u p a t io n Average weekly hours1 ( standard) N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s of— $ $ 80 $ M ean 23 Median 2 $ 1 00.00 $ 102.00 O 0 O ' 40.0 1 o o 24 • O fc^ O n o $ $ 90 90 95 $ 95 $ 100 $ 10 5 $ 11 0 $ 115 $ 12 0 125 $ 130 100 105 110 11 5 120 125 130 135 1 2 and und er M iddle range 2 80 nn m i-T/*ijrn OK APT SrlcN • /*i P r o IL i or 85 85 75 2 5 4 1 Standard ho ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e p r e m i u m ra t e s ) , and the e a rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k l y ho u r s . 2 F o r de fi ni tio n o f t e r m s , se e fo ot no te 2, table A - l . 4 1 4 - sa la ri e s (e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r 1 and/or Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined ( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y hour s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d oc c up a t io ns studied on an a re a ba s is by in du str y d i v is io n, L ub b o ck , T e x . , June 1967) Average O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n Number of workers Average Weekly earnings 1 (standard) (standard) Weekly O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - 40.5 BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------- 55 40.0 4 0.0 40.5 97.50 9 7.00 1 02.00 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------N0NMANUFACTURING — 128 21 107 40.0 4 0.0 4 0.0 7 5.00 72.00 75.50 CLERKS. ORDER --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -------------------------------- 36 30 40.0 4 0.0 7 5.50 7 4.50 CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 27 19 40.0 4 0.0 Weekly earnings 1 (standard) CONTINUED 82.00 8 2.50 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------miQi t L UtI ti TTtr b2 — — — — — — UtiL 1r n 1L 1 1 l rf — — — — COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------- 28 27 40.0 40.0 79.00 7 9.00 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 43 37 40.0 4 0.0 73.00 73.00 ( ■ p rmtP1AK1 Lfo3 OUv n T in rc NCNMANUFACTURlNG -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 2 --------------------------- 69 19 4 0.0 40.0 94.00 109.50 SECRETARIES:; CLASS B ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- ?! 20 40.0 40.0 9 9.90 9 3.50 SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 21 18 40.0 40.0 99.50 101.50 o o 23 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- $ 1 Standard hour s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e c o r r e s p o n d to t he se w ee k l y h o u r s . 2 T ra n sp or t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o the r publ ic u t ili t ie s. 3 Ma y incl ud e w o r k e r s ot he r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y . Average O cc up a tio n and in du st r y d i v i s i o n OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $ 7 6.00 68.50 48 38 Weekly hours 1 (standard) O O 20 00 OFFICE OCCUPATIONS BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS. CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------- Number of - Number of W eekly hours 1 (standard) Weekly eamings 1 (standard) CONTINUED STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 2 ---------------------------- 77 68 22 4 0.0 4 0.0 40.0 $ 7 4.50 75.0 0 8 8.00 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S2 ----------------------------------- 49 44 19 40.0 40.0 4 0.0 9 6.00 9 5.00 107.00 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------- 22 15 4 0.5 4 1.0 70.0 0 7 2.00 TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------- 21 19 4 0.0 40.0 73.0 0 7 4.00 24 4 0.0 1 00.00 PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------- s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m rates), and the ea rn i n gs Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant. Occupations (A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly e a rn i n gs f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o cc u p a t io n s stu died on an a r e a b a s i s by ind ust ry d i v is i o n , L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1967) Numb e r of vworkers r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly ea rn i n gs of— Hourly earnings 1 O c c u p a t io n and in d u st r y d i v is i o n Number of workers $ 1 .7 0 M ean2 Median 2 M iddle range 2 u u- u n i i r r nnc r n AN l v O f u « r N Ir i rINAriU c “ MI m C t iiiir t MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------- $ 29 20 19 $ $ 2 .6 5 2 .1 9 - 2 .7 9 2 43 2.39 n 1 1 .. c. • 3 5 * “ $ 2 .1 0 $ 2 .2 0 $ 2 .3 0 $ 2 .4 0 S 2 .5 0 $ 2 .7 0 $ $ % % % $ * $ 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 $ 3 .4 0 i 2 .6 0 3 .5 0 3.6 0 3.7 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3.10 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3.6C 3 .7 0 3.8 0 8 4 - 2 - 2 2 2 2 2 89 2 .8 5 2 70 2 .6 4 2 .3 3 - E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e ek e n d s, F o r d e fi ni t io n o f t e r m s , s e e footno te 2, table A - l . $ 2 .0 0 $ $ 2 .6 2 $ 1 .9 0 and und er 1 .8 0 MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------------------- $ 1.80 1 h o l id a y s , 1 2 4 1 and late shi fts. 3 2 7 - - 2 2 4 3 2 8 Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations (A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a re a ba s is by in du st r y di v is i o n , L u b b o ck , T e x . , June 1967) N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of— Hourly earnings2 O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du str y di v is i o n of workers Under M ean34 M edian3 Middle range $ 1.40 $ $ 1. 50 1. 60 $ 1.,70 $ 1.8 0 % $ 1. 90 2 . 0 0 $ 2 .10 $ $ $ 2. 20 2 . 30 2 . 4 0 $ $ $ % $ $ 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 . 10 3 . 2 0 S 3 .3 0 $ 2 .6 0 $ 2 . 70 $ 2 .5 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 1. 60 1.,80 1 .9 0 2 . 00 2 . 1 0 2 .20 2 . 30 2 . 40 2 . 5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 . 80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 over - - _ - $ and under $ 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1. 70 GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------- 18 $ 1.55 $ 1 .5 7 $ 1 .4 8 - $ 1 .6 5 * 6 5 6 ~ - JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 5--------------------------- 1 39 66 73 18 1 .5 6 1.57 1 .5 5 1 .7 7 1.6 1 1 .6 0 1.63 1.75 1 .4 7 1 .4 8 1 .4 5 1 .4 8 - 1 .7 5 1 .7 0 1 .7 9 1 .9 5 11 4 11 - 35 21 14 6 22 13 9 1 28 16 12 2 18 7 11 - 18 9 9 5 1 2 2 _ - - 1 1 - - - - - 1 - 2 - 2 2 - - “ 1 1 1 1 - - - - - - - - - - - LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------------------- 229 110 119 21 1 .6 8 1 .5 9 1.76 2 .0 9 1.6 2 1.56 1.6 8 1.7 9 1 .5 2 1 .5 1 1 .6 0 1 .7 5 - 1.76 1.66 1.79 2 .7 4 - 46 20 26 - 58 55 3 51 14 37 “ 30 6 24 12 9 7 2 " 8 6 2 “ 2 2 - 1 1 1 10 2 8 1 ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 105 96 1.9 3 1 .9 1 1.8 7 1 .8 4 1 .7 2 1 .7 1 - 2 .1 9 2 .2 3 _ 5 5 4 4 13 13 19 19 17 17 2 1 12 12 8 - 7 7 2 2 16 16 RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 28 22 2 .2 4 2 . 24 2 .3 3 2 .3 3 1 .7 4 1 .7 3 - 2.68 2.6 5 - 3 3 1 2 2 3 3 - - 2 1 2 1 _ - - 6 5 - TRUCKORIVERS6 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 186 46 140 2 .3 9 1.8 2 2 .5 7 2 .0 6 1 .7 6 2 .3 5 1 .7 6 1 .7 2 1 .8 6 - 3 .5 1 1.8 0 3 .5 3 11 11 4 1 3 10 5 5 35 30 5 20 20 9 2 7 7 7 9 9 2 2 - TRUCK DR IV ER S, LIGHT (UNDER 1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 27 26 1. 80 1.81 1 .5 8 1. 58 1 .4 6 1 .4 6 - 2.1 8 2.1 8 11 11 4 3 _ _ 4 4 1 1 1 1 TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM U - l / 2 TO AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 133 1 14 2 .6 4 2.7 5 2.48 3 .1 3 1 .8 9 1 .9 3 - 3 .5 4 3.55 TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 102 30 72 1.94 1.8 3 1.99 1.9 2 1 .7 8 1. 96 1 .7 4 1 .6 9 1 .8 0 - 2.21 2 .1 3 2 .2 2 “ - _ “ _ - _ “ 1 3 3 _ _ - 7 - - _ _ _ - “ - 7 7 - - - - - - - - ~ - 2 2 _ 2 - 1 1 2 2 1 1 - - - - 3 6 _ _ - _ 6 _ 3 6 “ 6 _ _ “ “ 3 3 - 3 3 - 9 8 1 _ _ _ - - 10 5 9 5 17 17 9 7 7 7 5 5 1 1 2 2 9 1 3 3 3 3 _ 4 4 10 10 6 4 2 15 9 6 15 1 14 10 3 7 7 2 5 9 13 3 10 4 4 _ _ 5 - 1 Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s . 2 E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , ho l id a y s, and late shifts. 3 F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , se e fo ot not e 2, table A - l . 4 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s : 2 at $0. 7 0 to $0. 80; 6 at $ 0. 8 0 to $0.9 0; and 3 at $1 to $1.1 0. 5 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and other pu bl ic u til iti e s. 6 In cl ude s all d r i v e r s , as def ined , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type of tr uc k op e r at e d . 7 7 - - 9 - 5 “ _ - 52 52 ~ _ _ _ _ _ _ ~ ” ~ ~ ~ ~ _ _ _ _ _ - - - 6 6 _ _ 4 - _ _ _ ~ _ _ 1 1 ~ “ 4 - _ _ 52 52 - - Appendix. Occupational Descriptions The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because o f this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors, apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary wodcers. O F F IC E BILLER, MACHINE BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are classified by type o f m achine, as follows: Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher, Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions. Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined discounts and shinning charges, and entrv of necessarv extensions, which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine. Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. CLERK, ACCOUNTING Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a complete set o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary 9 10 CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This jo b does not require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several workers. CLERK, FILE Class A . In an established filing system containing a number o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc. May also file this m aterial. May keep records o f various types in con junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower level file clerks. Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. CLERK, ORDER— Continued to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled . May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer, acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping invoices with original orders. CLERK, PAYROLL Computes wages o f company em ployees and enters the necessary data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as worker’ s nam e, working days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine. COMPTOMETER OPERATOR Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of other duties. DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities, reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters. May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial. KEYPUNCH OPERATOR CLERK, ORDER R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail, phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following; Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application 11 KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple, locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched. May train inexperienced operators. Class B. Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards. Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information, etc. , are referred to supervisor. OFFICE BOY OR GIRL Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing m ail, and other minor clerical work. SECRETARY Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work activities o f the supeiyisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic and typing work. May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable nature and difficulty. The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work o f the supervisor. SECRETARY— Continued Exclusions Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical o f secretarial work. NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policym aking role with regard to major company activities. The title "v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions. Class A a. Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons. Class B a. Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or 12 SECRETARY— Continued STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing, research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 em ployees; or May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. ) STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc. e. Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg OR ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons. pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy; Class C and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures, a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work. includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or d. Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in ail, over 5 ,000 persons; or two; or SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR b. Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons. Class D a. Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician oi expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. ) STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy. Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference, co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro priate for calls. ) Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving e^ftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if com plex calls are referred to another operator. ) 13 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at switchboard. TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs com plete reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assign ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group of tabulating-m achine operators. Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new em ployees in the basic operation of the machine. Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer, general. TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis tributing incom ing m ail. Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a terial in final form when it involves combining material from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu ation, e tc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Performs one or more of the follow ing: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies, e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more com plex tables already setup and spaced properly. 14 PROFESSIONAL DRAFTSMAN AND TECHNICAL DRAFTSMAN Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recomm end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen. Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities o f materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy. Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. MAINTENANCE Continued Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are less com plete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked during progress. DRAFTSMAN-TRACER Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation .) and/or Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. is closely supervised during progress. Work NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety o f all personnel. AND POWERPLANT CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap prenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 15 ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most o f the followings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis. ENGINEER, STATIONARY Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes, or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex cluded from this classification. MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment. HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap prenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 16 MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE) OILER Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment. MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train ing and experience. PAINTER, MAINTENANCE Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface p ecu li arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work o f the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x perienee. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general, the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. 17 TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment; making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds, feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. TOOL AND DIE MAKER (Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker) Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in CUSTODIAL AND For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification. MATERIAL MOVEMENT ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued Transports passengers between floors of an o ffice building, apart ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of starters and janitors are excluded. or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded. GUARD AND WATCHMAN Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees and other persons entering. Watchman. Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property against fire, theft, and illegal entry. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER (Sweeper; charwoman; janitress) Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises o f an office , apartment house, or com m ercial LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING (Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper) A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen, who load and unload ships are excluded. 18 ORDER FILLER SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: (Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman) Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. PACKER, SHIPPING Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing: Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments; and maintaining necessary records and files. R eceiving clerk Shipping clerk Shipping and receiving clerk TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the basis of trailer cap acity.) Truckdriver Truckdriver, Truckdriver, Truckdriver, Truckdriver, (com bination o f sizes listed separately) light (under 1 */2 tons) medium (1 Vz to anc^ including 4 tons) heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type) heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type) TRUCKER, POWER Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck, Trucker, power (forklift) Trucker, power (other than forklift) A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e seven th annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e ig h t ra te c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s . O r d e r as BBS B u lletin 1535, m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l , and 50 cents a c o p y . N a tion a l C le rica l Survey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d P a y , F e b r u a r y — arch 1 9 6 6 . -M ☆ U .S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 - 3 0 3 - 5 9 7 / 6 Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., Z0402, or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover. Bulletin number and price Area Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1______________________________ 1465-81, Albany— Schenectady-Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1967----------------- 1530-62, Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1967_____________________ 1530-60, Bethlehem— Easton, Pa.— .J., N Allentown— Feb. 1967_______________________________________________ 1530-53, Atlanta, G a ., May 1967_________________________________ 1530-71, Baltimore, M d., Nov. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-30, Beaumont— Port Arthur— Orange, Tex., May 1967_____ 1530-74, Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1967 1_______________________ 1530-63, Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1__________________________ 1530-2, Boston, M ass., Oct. 1966______________________________ 1530-16, Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1966 1______________________________ 1530-38, Burlington, V t., Mar. 1967 1___________________________ 1530-52, Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967________________________________ 1530-58, Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1967_________________________ 1530-61, Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 1967_____________________________ 1530-64, Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1966 1_________________ 1530-8, G Chicago, 111., Apr. 1967 1_______________________________ 1530-73, Cincinnati, Ohio— Ky.— Ind., Mar. 1967________ _________ 1530-56, Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1_________________________ 1530-13, Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1___________________________ 1530-20, Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1__________________________ — — 1530-25, 1 Da t a o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c tic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w age 1465-61, 1530-42, 1530-72, 1530-55, 1530-41, 1530-51, 1465-82, 20 cents 30 cents 20 cents 25cents 25 cents 30 cents 40 cents 1465-77, 1530-6, 20cents 25cents 1530-18, 1530-67, 1530-35, 1530-59, 1530-46, 1530-17, 1465-73, 25cents 25cents 35cents 20cents 30cents 20cents 25cents 1530-70, 1530-7, 1530-23, 1530-68, 30cents 20cents 25 cents 20cents 111., Oct. 1966 1_________________________ St. Louis, Mo.— Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_______________________ San Antonio, Tex., June 1966________________ __________ San Bernardino— Riverside— Ontario, Calif., Sept. 1966______________________ _________________________ San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1__________________________ San Francisco— Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1967 1____________ San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1966_____________________________ Savannah, Ga., May 1967________________________________ Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966____________________ ___________ Seattle— Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966_____—_______________ 1530-27, 1530-33, 1465-78, 30cents 25cents 20cents 1530-14, 1530-24, 1530-36, 1530-10, 1530-69, 1530-3, 1530-22, 25cents 25cents 30cents 20cents 20cents 20cents 25 cents Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966_________________________ South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1967__ __________________________ Spokane, Wash., June 1966___- _________________________ Tampa— St. Petersburg, F la ., Sept. 1966 1____________ Toledo, Ohio— Mich., Feb. 1967 1________________________ Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1______________________________ Washington, D .C.— Md.— a ., Oct. 1966 1________________ V Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1967___________________________ Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_____________________________ Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1966 1_____________________________ Worcester, M ass., June 1966 1_________________________ York, Pa., Feb. 1967....... ........................................................... Youngstown— Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966__________________ 1530-12, 1530-57, 1465-75, 1530-9, 1530-50, 1530-34, 1530-15, 1530-54, 1530-21, 1530-11, 1465-83, 1530-47, 1530-29, 20cents 20cents 20cents 25cents 30cents 25cents 30cents 20cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 30cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 30cents 30cents 25cents 25cents 30cents 25cents 1530-43, 1530-39, 1530-26, 1465-80, 1530-1, 20cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 25cents 1530-65, 1530-49, 1530-75, 1530-4, 1530-40, 1530-31, 1465-84, 30cents 30cents 20cents 25cents 25cents 25 cents 25cents p r o v is io n s a r e a ls o Bulletin number and price 30cents Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1966____________________________ 25cents Minneapolis— St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1967 1________________ Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1967_________ 20cents Muskegon— Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Feb. 1967______________ 25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967____________________________ 25cents New Orleans, La., Feb. 1967 1__________________________ 30cents New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1________________ ___________ 20cents Norfolk— Portsmouth and Newport News— 30cents Hampton, Va., June 1966______________________________ 25cents Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1966 1_____________________ 25cents Iowa, Oct. 1966_________________________ Omaha, Nebr.— 30cents Paterson— Clifton— assaic, N .J ., May 1967_____________ P 25cents Philadelphia, Pa.— .J., Nov. 1966 1____________________ N 20cents Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1967______________________________ 20cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19671_____________________________ 20cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966_____________________________ 30cents Portland, Or eg.— ash., May 1966 1____________________ W 30cents Providence— Pawtucket— Warwick, R.I.— a ss., M 25cents May 1967 1_______________________________________________ 30cents Raleigh, N .C., Sept. 1966_______________________________ 30cents Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966_____________________ -________ Rockford, 111., May 1967________________________________ 30 cents Davenport— Rock Island— Moline, Iowa— 111., Oct. 1966 1_____________________________________________ 1530-19, Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967________________________________ 1530-45, Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966_________________________ _____ 1530-32, Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967.__________________________ 1530-44, Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1_____________________________ 1530-48, Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1____________________ _____ 1530-28, Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1966 1--------------------------------------- 1530-5, Greenville, S .C ., May 1 9 6 7 .....------------------------------------- 1530-66, Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 _____________________________ 1465-85, Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966__________________________ 1530-37, Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1967_____________________________ Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 19671_________________________ Kansas City, Mo.— ans., Nov. 1966___________________ K Lawrence— Haverhill, M ass.— N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock— North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1____ Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim— Santa AnaGarden Grove, C alif., Mar. 1967 1___________________ Louisville, Ky.— Ind., Feb. 1967 1______________________ Lubbock, Tex., June 1967______________________________ Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1________________________ Memphis, Tenn.— rk ., Jan. 1967______________________ A Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966____________________ -___-__ —___ Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 _______________ Area p re se n te d .