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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, Rhode Island—
Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area

. 1530-70




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

Area Wage Survey
The Providence—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, Rhode Island—
Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area




May 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-70
June 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
T h e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a ti s ti c s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e data on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s f o r e ac h
of the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S ta te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s i g h t into (1) the m o v e m e n t of w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l of w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .
A t the end of e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r each a r e a studied. A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n of a l l of the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b ull etin s f o r a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T he
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s data f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s tu d ie d into one b u lle tin .
T h e se co nd p a r t p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a data to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n i te d S t a te s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n __________________________________________________________________________
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in clud ed in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d
an n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is obta ined b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s of the s u r v e y in
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . , in M a y 1967.
T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e fi n e d b y
the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t th ro u gh A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s of
the f o l l o w i n g a r e a s in R h o d e Island: C e n t r a l F a l l s , C r a n ­
ston, E a s t P r o v i d e n c e , P a w t u c k e t , P r o v i d e n c e , and W o o n ­
s o c k e t c i t i e s , and s e v e n towns in P r o v i d e n c e C ounty;
N a r r a g a n s e t t and N o r t h K i n g s t o w n towns in W a s h in g to n
County; W a r w i c k c i t y and t h r e e towns in K e n t Cou nty; a l l
o f B r i s t o l C oun ty ; and J a m e s t o w n to wn in N e w p o r t Coun ty;
and in M a s s a c h u s e t t s : A t t l e b o r o c i t y and nine contiguous
to w ns in B r i s t o l , N o r f o l k , and W o r c e s t e r Cou nties.
This
stu dy w a s c on d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
B o s to n , M a s s . , W e n d e l l D. M a c d o n a ld , D i r e c t o r ; b y L e o
E p s t e i n , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n of P a u l V. M u lk e rn , A s s i s t a n t
R egion al D ir e c to r fo r
W a g e s and In d u s tr ia l R e l a t i o n s .




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e of s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ____________________________________________________________
In d e x e s of s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s __________________________
O c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1.
O f f i c e oc c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n __________________________
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n _
_
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A -4.
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r plant o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ____
B -2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _________________________________________________
B-3.
Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s __________________________________________
B -4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _____________________________________________________
B-6.
H e alt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s ________________________
B - 7 . H e a lth in s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
t h e i r d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________________________
B -8.
P r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

A p p en d ixes:
A . C han ge in o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n : S e c r e t a r y ________________________
B. O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________________

areas.

* N O T E ; S i m i l a r tab u la tion s
(S e e i n s i d e b ac k c o v e r . )

are a va ila b le fo r

other

Union s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e
f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d
o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

3

4

6
9
10
11
12

14
15
16
17
18
21
22
23

24
25




Area Wage Survey
The Providence—Pawtucket—Warwick, R.I.—Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e rv ic e s.
M a j o r i n d u s t r y gro up s e x c lu d e d f r o m th es e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
om itted
b e c a u s e th e y tend to fu r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e tab ula tio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t pub­
licatio n c r it e r ia .

b on u s es and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e inc lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s tan d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r and/or p re m iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a ve b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s presented r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h job.
T h e pay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
individual e s ta b lish m en ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s
in a v e r a g e pay
l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w ith in individual esta b lish m en ts.
O th er p o s s ib le fa c to r s which m ay
c o n tr ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w o m e n inclu de: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the
a c t u a l r a t e s p aid in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
d uties p e r f o r m e d , a lth ou g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d
w i t h i n the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s us e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than th o s e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d uties p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
obtain o ptim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m cost, a g r e a t e r p ro p o r tio n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu died.
In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a l l esta b lis h m en ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s tr y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n i n g s *
3
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w i t h i n the s a m e jo b .
T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
T h e e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r
a ctu a lly su rvey ed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ied .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.

E stab lishm en t P ra c t ic e s

P ro v isio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th ey r e ­
la te to p lan t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e
u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
c lu d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e f u n c tio n s .
"O ffice w o rk e rs "

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc he d u le
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n bon u s es a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

1

2
include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g
in d u stries.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b l e
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y policies.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l data ( ta b le B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p lant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m ou n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s used .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e paid a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y hours ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the pla nt o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sc h ed u le d
w e e k l y h o urs a r e th ose w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey w e r e p aid f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; h e alth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans; and p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i fy f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums o f in d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in ta b l e s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y no t e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
rou nding.
Data on paid h o l i d a y s (t a b le B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
days g ra n te d a n n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g r a n te d a n o th e r d a y o f f .
The f i r s t
p a r t o f the paid h o l i d a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g ra n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o lid a y s to show to ta l h o l i d a y t i m e .

the tab ulation s o f v a c a t i o n pay , p a y m e n t s not on a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a ti m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s pay.
Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans (t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s such as
w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plans in clud e th ose u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th ose p r o v i d e d th ro ugh a un ion fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r this p u r p o s e .
S e l e c t e d he alth i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m ­
p l o y e e s and t h e i r d epen den ts a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty pe o f
i n s u r a n c e un der w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d on a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to w h i c h the
e m p lo y e r con tributes.
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e la w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 plans a r e i n c lu d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
3
tr i b u te s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w i t h b e n e f i t s w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
Tabulations
o f paid s i c k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l pay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s pay d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
because of illn ess.
S e p a r a te tab u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans w h i c h p r o v i d e fu ll pay and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pay o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n ce o r paid s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p lic a t e d
t o ta l is sho wn o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e , includ es th ose plans w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e yo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p lans.
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to plans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
payment of d o c to rs ' fees.
Such plans m a y be u n d e r w r i t t e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d
to th ose plans that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .

T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n plans (t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to f o r ­
m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo r m a l a r ra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith
pay is g ra n te d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E s tim a te s exclude
v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans and th ose w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i ­
c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c plans to w o r k e r s w i t h q u a l i f y i n g length s o f
service.
T y p i c a l o f such e x c l u s i o n s a r e plans in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m ,
and can i n d u s t r i e s .
S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u ti n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , such as t i m e p a y ­
m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n ts . H o w e v e r , in

Data on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 8 ) , the h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m p ay is r e c e i v e d and the c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d by d a ily and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a day r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b e r o f ho ur s w o r k e d on o t h e r d a y s o f the pay p e r i o d .
W eek ly
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o urs
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f the day on w h i c h it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
o f h o u r s p e r day, o r n u m b e r o f d ay s w o r k e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




2 The temporary

disability laws in California and

Rhode Island do not require

employer

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b er s tu d ied in P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k , R .I. —M a s s
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s co p e
o f stu dy

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Stu died
T o ta l4

S tu d ied

P la n t
N u m ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

786

144

1 5 9 ,6 0 0

100

118 ,7 0 0

2 0 ,0 0 0

6 7 ,5 0 0

50
-

540
246

75
69

119 ,4 0 0
40, 200

75
25

9 5 ,1 0 0
2 3 ,6 0 0

10,8 0 0
9, 200

44, 890
22, 610

50
50
50
50
50

40
38
87
43
38

16
7
24
11
11

8, 700
2 ,9 0 0
16,6 0 0
8, 200
3 ,8 0 0

6
2
10
5
2

5, 200

1,6 0 0

( 6)
1 3,600

( 6)
1 ,700

n
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)

6, 790
540
8, 790
4, 560
1,9 3 0

A l l d iv is io n s ____________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 -------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------R e t a il t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e r v i c e s 8____________________________________________

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 M a y 1967

1 T h e P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k S ta n d a rd M e tr o p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u re a u o f the B u d g e t th ro u gh A p r i l 1966, c o n s is ts o f the fo llo w in g a r e a s in R h ode Is la n d :
C e n tr a l F a l l s , C r a n s to n , E a s t P r o v id e n c e , P a w tu c k e t, P r o v id e n c e , and W o o n s o c k e t c it ie s , and s e v e n tow n s in P r o v id e n c e C ou nty; N a r r a g a n s e t t and N o r th K in g s to w n tow n s in W a sh in gto n County;
W a r w ic k c it y and t h r e e to w n s in K e n t County; a ll o f B r is t o l C ounty; and J a m e s to w n to w n in N e w p o r t C ou n ty; and in M a s s a c h u s e tts : A t t le b o r o c it y and n in e co n tigu o u s tow n s in B r is t o l, N o r fo lk ,
and W o r c e s t e r C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in sc o p e o f stu d y" e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in
the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e not in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e l s s in c e (1 ) p lan n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the
su rvey.
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al and the 1963 S u p p lem en t w e r e u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at or a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a t r e s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a te p la n t and o f f ic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f d ata f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a te stu dy, (2) the s a m p le w a s not
d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p re s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in e s tim a te s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s
B ta b le s . S e p a r a te p re s e n ta tio n o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e fo r one o r m o r e o f the r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh ops; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A b ou t t h r e e - fo u r t h s
o f the w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in P r o v id e n c e —
P a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s . T h e f o llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n ts
W
the m a jo r in d u s try g ro u p s and s p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s tr y gro u p s
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u fa c tu rin g
in d u s t r ie s _________________________ 22
T e x t ile m i l l p r o d u c t s ----------------- . 16
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y ----------------- . 8
M a c h in e r y (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) ___. 8
P r o f e s s io n a l, s c ie n t ific , and
c o n t r o llin g in s tru m e n ts ;
p h o to g ra p h ic and o p tic a l
good s; w a tc h e s and c lo c k s _____ . 8
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------- . 7
P r i m a r y m e t a l s ____________________. 7
R u b b er and m is c e lla n e o u s
p la s t ic s p r o d u c ts _________________ . 7

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
C o s tu m e j e w e l r y , n o v e lt ie s ,
b u tto n s, and n o tio n s ,
e x c e p t p r e c io u s m e t a l -------------- 10
J e w e lr y , s il v e r w a r e , and
p la te d w a r e ________________________ 9
R o llin g , d r a w in g , and
e x tr u d in g o f n o n fe r r o u s
m e t a ls _______________________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d if f e r fr o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as sh ow n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla nt w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d ( d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c on du cted
b e t w e e n July I960 and June 1961).
S u b tra c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c han ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e chan ge s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
T h ese estim a tes are
m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in ten d ed
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n ge s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
M e th o d o f C om p u tin g

in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym en ts w h e r e v e r p o ssib le.
T h e a v e r a g e (m ea n ) earnings fo r
eac h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c ts f o r a l l o c c u p a tio n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The aggregates
for

2 con secu tive y e a rs w e r e

rela ted

by

dividin g

th e

aggregate fo r

the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , shows the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
is the p r o d u c t of m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and c o n tin u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
each y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e by the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g oc c u p atio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u ti n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a ti o n a l
group w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpe nters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Providence-Pawtucket—
Warwick, R. I . —
Mass. ,
May 1967 and May 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(M ay 1961=100)

Percents of increase
May 1965
to
May 1966

May 1964
to
May 1965

May 1963
to
May 1964

May 1962
to
May 1963

May 1961
to
May 1962

May 1967

May 1966

May 1966
to
May 1967

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

128.8
134.0
127.4
119.3

121.0
125.6
120.7
1 113.5

6.4
6.6
5. 6
5. 1

3.8
4.8
4.8
1 1.2

3.1
4.5
3.6
3.0

4.6
4. 1
2.5
2.6

3. 1
6.8
4.6
2.9

4.9
3.2
3.5
3.2

3. 1
6. 1
3.4
2.9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m e n )-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

125.5
133. 5
127.0
120. 7

119. 1
125.8
120.5
113.3

5.4
6.2
5.4
6. 5

3.3
5.4
4.9
1.0

2.9
3.4
3.6
4.4

3.7
4.7
2. 1
2.7

3.2
6.2
5.0
1.8

4.7
3.9
3.4
2.8

4.2
6.2
2. 5
2.5

Industry and occupational group

1

Revised estimate.




May 1960
to
May 1961

5
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m easu re
c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tra igh t-tim e hou rly earn in gs,
excluding p r e m iu m
p ay f o r o v e r t i m e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f ts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jobs w ith in each group.
Lim itatio n s

C h a n ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a ti o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It is c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stan t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f D ata

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f change, as m e a s u r e s o f
c h an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in fl u e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w age changes,
(2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d by
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s am e j o b , and (3 ) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c ti o n s , and c h an ge s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .




T h e use o f c on stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b
i n c lu d e d in the d ata . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t on ly changes
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c han ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
fo r overtim e.
Data w e r e a d j u s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caused
b y c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e 3 tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by in du stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket— a rw ick , R .I.— a s s ., M ay 1967)
W
M

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex,

o ccu p atio n ,

ar id

industry

Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
workers (standard)

d ivisio n

N um ber

S

%

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

of w orkers

$

$

receiving

i

$

straigh t -tim e

*

w ee k ly

I

$

earnings

S

of—

$

$

$

S

$

$

S

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

no

115

12C

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

2

50
Mean2

$

S

1
1

*

1
1

1

5

10

and
under

55
MEN
$

42
37

t o *n

3 f.

$

12 1.00

21'

1 2 0* '" 0

* nr\
'n n n
69.00

$
$
IUH* 3U" 1
UU
103.00-133.00
1

22

/nnn
69.00

6

13

1

fo
Q

3
3

2l
31

1

?

4

2

2

1

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
2

2

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ——— —— — — —— — --- — — ---MANUFACTURING — — —— — — —
— ----

153
144

39.5
40.0

75.00
75.50

73.50
73. 50

67.00- 81.50
z f Z r\_ q 1 cr>
O i • c>U~ Ol*3U

4

BILLERS, MACHINE (EOCKKEEPING
MACH I NE )
— ————
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

83
53

38.5
39 .C

68.50
67.00

65.50
67.00

62.00- 74.50
62.00- 76.00

5
5

75

39.0

85.50

86.50

0i
qq aa
ol«Uu" oV#UU
80.50- 89.00

An* n

75.00
73. 50

74.00
72.50

AA_
bo*UU“
7 1 C Ofl• 5U*
62.00-

93*50
92.00

99.50

79.00-108.00
7Q *DU** LUW#UU
( 0 C A_1 AO AO
85.50-103.00

75.50
74.50
77.50
71.50

73.50
72.50
77.00
75.00

67.5067.5067.50AO D U *
o^* cn—

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
U AINUr At 1UK 1h/
AKIIlC AfTIlO 1No
i'

—

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
kiAKIIlCAPTIIO lliu
HAINUr At 1UK TMr •
AiruiuAAiiic AL nUK r Air *
INUNriAINUr a r 1 in l INb

. <
**Ma"**

OH
98

39. 0

r i c. n i c t ALtUUINI INbf bLAoo A
/
ArrniiMT Hir n a c c a
LLtKNo
UAMIIC ATTIID IMA
n A i i U r A U 1 UK 1(Mb
—— ——— —
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

333

39.0

70

38.0

r i cot/c
ArrmiMTikir ri a o j a
L L c K a o y Atv/UUiN 1 l I N b f I L A c c D
u a mi tc a r 1 UK r nib
r AINUr A b t i id IMr
l
— —— — ——— — — — — ——
MfTM UAXlllCAr Tim 1 (No —— ——— — — —— —— —— ——
IM n AOiUr A b 1UK iKir
Uni
n r t a t i rnirc — —
KclAlL IKALc .

— —

— — —

—

ncoi/c
riACC a
v L C n r o 9 crir- f b L M o o A
r l i t
ai rk u a mi i c a r ii n t
ii
iNUiNrlAlNUr A b t UK 1 Kir
1
INb

39.0
39.5
90
40

*--—

191
37
154

CLERKS t FILE? CLASS E
MflhlUA AlitA b Tl I)l INb
l A r 1UK T l A
f u
iNUiNHAINUr

r rniAj
UiL l K/ c v n n n c o
UKUC K
MA iMu l PHb iTUtK ilm b
n A i Ir AP I P M r

— — *—

———————

NONMANUFACTURING

See footn otes at end o f table.




•
•

———————————————

86.50
91.50

86.00

69.50

77.u
3 f* n

161

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C — ——————————
MANUFACTURING ————— —————————— —
NONMANUFACTURING ———————— — ————

ii* i
39.5

94.00

71.50

96. 50

37* 5

188
72

39* 5
37.0
39 0
39.0
39.0

61.00
63.00
60.00
79 50
80.50
76.50

59.00
61.50
59.00
77

78*00
75.50

1

24
24

33
33

36
19

10
8

13

:

1

19

11

|3
11

11

2

11
11

2

8

16

11

34

2
2

7

23

7

12
1

10

27
23

2

u

17

11

18

18
18

9
9

9

5

9

23

-

3

3

47
3

4

115

152

102

57

47
32

20

**

:

4

14

13

7

11

12
14>

2

17
1*

2
1

32^

6
15
1

13

64.50- 75.00
A 1 D U " 7 C CA
O l« CA_ fJm ->U

17

5 7 • 00— 6 5 • 00
58.00- 69.00
56.50- 65.00

10

101

10

16
85

10
22

5
~
5

17
14
3

QO « U U
7 ^ AA
92.50
91.50

21

Q
18

73.00- 98.50
79.00- 99.50

AO » D U *
0 7 CA—
70.0068.00-

22
22

2

Q1 An
o 3•UU
f l ca
l
O l •DU
91.00

82.50
79.50
91.00
-j q UU
(7« AO

23
23

3

12

7

6
6

13

11

28

3
3

25

47
32
15

18

6
2

4

i
27

38
-

52

23

47

2

15
15

36

_

2

>

4

-

1
1

1
1

2

15

2

22

2

3
2
1

_
_

12
1

2

3

2

19
16

2

10
10

7

3

1

.
1

1

1

1
15

26

27
4

1
1

2

28

4

2

2^

3

24

11

2

2

7
7

12

38

.

8

41
34
7

2

2

45
21

14
14

1
1

1
3

*
:

-

:

:

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tu cket— a rw ic k , R .I.—M a s s ., M ay 1967)
W
Weekly earnings*
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—

$

S
50

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

*

S

S

s

i

*

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

23

41
35

48
39
9
7

39
33
6
1

77
71
6
-

10
10

5
5

$

$

$

i

S

t

S

$

S

%

$

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

95

o
o

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

31
29
2
-

37
36
1
-

40
24
16
2

18
14
4
2

2
2
-

14
13
1

6
4
2

5
5
-

-

4
2
2

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

15
13
2

11
8
3

19
13
6

5
5

13
11
2

1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

and
under

55
WOMEN - CONTINUED
CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

387
318
69
32

39.0
39.0
38.5
39.0

$
83.50
84.CO
82.00
70.00

$
82.50
83.00
80.00
67.00

$
73.0074.5068.0062.50-

$
94.00
93.00
97.50
73.50

-

2

-

-

-

2
2

11
12
12

COMPTO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- •
---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

113
49
64

38.5
39.5
38.0

83.50
94.00
75.50

87.50
95.00
73.00

71.00- 98.00
88.50-100.00
65.50- 93.00

6
6

3

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

138
92
46

39.0
39.5
37.0

79.50
80.50
77.50

77.50
78.00
71.00

70.50- 89.50
73.50- 88.00
65.50- 92.50

1
1

~

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

35C
244
106

39.C
39.5
37.5

72.50
73.00
71.00

71.00
71.00
71.00

65.50- 81.50
65.50- 83.00
66.00- 77.00

_

24

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

43
24

39.0
38.5

63.50
65.00

60.50
58.50

57.50- 64.00
57.00- 69.00

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 4 -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5---------------

888
561
327
42

38.5 97.50 94.50
96.50
39.5 1 0 0 . 0 0
37.5 94.00 92.50
37.0 1 1 0 . 0 0 117.50

84.50-112.00
85.50-112.50
78.00-111.00
91.00-132.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4-------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

91
59
32

39.0 115.00 1 2 0 . 0 0
39.5 117.00 115.00
38.0 111.50 120.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4 -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

6
6

6

12

-

-

-

3

6

12

_

10
-

21

10

12

22
20
2

33
29
4

5
5
“

13
11
2

15
6
9

3
3

13
12
1

72
42
30

18
9
9

43
32
11

50
45
5

5
4
1

2

1

2

1

“

_

-

_

3
3

_

1
1

60
45
15
“

45
38
7
2

78
62
16
5

37
23
14
-

47
27
20
4

26
17
9
4

20
20
9

20
18
2
2

3
1
2
1

24
23
1
1

_
“

10
10

3
3
-

_
-

13
12
1

_
-

1

14
13
1

2
1
1

ll
11
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

9

2

-

11

57
47

-

13

10

78
54
24

-

21
17

15

2

1

1

1
1

-

_

17
4
13

36
14
22
4

54
15
39
2

41
28
13
2

86
69
17

121
87
34
2

105
51
54
4

68
39
29

96.00-132.00
97.50-136.50
95.50-132.00

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

“

3
2
i

7
7
~

8
5
3

5
2
3

3
3
"

1
1

14
il
3

1
1

16
12
4

3
2
1

217
146
71

96.50-121.50
39.0 107.50 105.00
39 .C 112.50 110.50 100.50-126.00
87.50-111.50
38.0 98.00 98.00

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NU NM AN UFACTURING -----------------

193
123
70

38.5 100.00 97.50
39.5 96.50 95. 50
37.0 106.00 114.00

87.00-115.00
84.50-109.50
91.50-123.50

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D4 -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NQ NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

387
233
154

38.5
39.5
37.0

86.50
89.00
83.00

87.00
87.50
85.50

78.00- 94.00
82.00- 96.00
72.00- 92.50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------------

373
179
194

39.0
39.5
38.0

76.00
77.50
74.50

76.50
79.00
74.00

69.50- 84.00
72.50- 86.00
6 8 . 00 - 82.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

213
149
64

39.0
39. 5
38.5

89. 50 90.50
86.00 87.00
98.50 102.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

62
30
32

38.5
39.5
38.0

85. 50
82.00
88.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

84
81
41

38.5
38.5
38.5

68.50
68.50
66.50

See footn otes at end o f table.




-

-

~

-

~

4
4

_
-

_

-

-

~

6
6

5
5

7
5
2

7
3
4

6
4
2

16
8
8

29
14
15

33
27
6

14
10
4

24
18
6

12
8
4

15
11
4

15
13
2

_

_
-

2
-

5
5
-

24
21
3

18
12
6

27
15
12

21
13
8

5
5
-

17
15
2

16
7
9

16
4
12

4
1
3

-

2

7
6
1

15
15

-

4
2
2

_
-

15
4
11

25
9
16

41
13
28

27
17
10

52
43
9

90
64
26

54
23
31

13
10
3

19
10
9

15
13
2

23
18
5

8
8
-

-

4
1
3

_
-

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

44
28
16

44
5
39

65
23
42

68
40
28

57
34
23

38
31
7

32
16
16

13
2
11

1

1

5
5
~

13
13
~

14
7
7

52
44

18
12
6

49
46
3

23
17
6

9
4
5

12

il

3

2

1

_

_

_

12

11

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

9
6
3

v
H
1

6
5
1

2
2
-

6
2
4

9
2
7

_

4

-

-

_

-

_

1

_

_

-

4

-

-

~

-

1

-

-

1
1
1

1
l

1
1

12
12
6

2
2

_

_

11

-

-

-

“

11

82.00- 97.00
81.50- 93.50
8 6 .0 0 - 1 1 1 . 0 0

_

-

83.50
83.00
92.50

75.00- 99.50
77.50- 89.00
70.50-103.50

-

_

1

10

-

-

-

“

3
7

5
2
3

65.00
65.00
64.00

61.00- 72.00
61.00- 72.00
59.00- 71.00

4
4

10
10

29
27

2

10

11

19
19
8

5
4
3

-

l

-

1

-

1
9
9

3
2
1

'

_
-

-

“

l
_

8
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket— a rw ick , R .I.—M a s s ., M ay 1967)
W

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and indu stry divisi<

'N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—

s

weekly
hours1
(standard)

s

$

s

s

$

s

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

150

160

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

45
38

45
19

16
16

17
12
5

31
14
17

40
28

24
14

1
0

18
16
2

12

12

1
1

50

s

*

65
54

17
14
3

37
23
14

13

55

60

65

70

60

65

70

75

17
17

40

36
31
5

36
27
9

31
7

s

$

$

*

(

$

$

*

$

$

$

Middle range 2
*
4
under

55

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$

SWITCHBOARD QP ERATCR-RECEPTICNISTS
MANUFACTURING -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------

286
221

65

39.0
39.0
37.5

76.00
76.00
75.00

$

76.00
75.50
80.00

66.50- 84.00
65.50- 85.00
70.50- 83.50

TA BULATING-MACHINc OPERATORS*
CLASS 8 -----------------------------

25
25

90.50-103.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS C -----------------------------

34

64.50- 88.00

TR ANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

221

107

83.50
75.50- 94.00
63 .GO- 75.50

38.5
39.5
38.0

76.00
82.00
70.00

75.00
80.50
68.00

6 6 . 00-

------------------

114

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------

167

UC

39.C
40.0
36.5

84.00
82.00
88.00

80.50
79.50
91.00

77.CO- 92.50
76 .50- 90.50
78.00- 97.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5--------------

62 9
234
395
28

38.5
39. 5
38.C
38.0

67.00
68.00
66.50
75.00

65.50
68.00
64.00
73.00

60.0063 . CO58 . 007 0.50-

nonmanufac

Tu r i n g

73.50
73.00
73.50
75.00

4
7

23
5
18

127

1

126

146
71
75
17

ll

37
23
14

1

2

l

11

1
1

6

7

14
3

17

11

11

19

5

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t-a m e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at reg u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the ea rn in gs c o rre s p o n d
to these w e e k ly hours.
2 The m ean is com puted fo r each job by totalin g the earn in gs o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ivid in g by the num ber of w o r k e r s .
The m edian d esign ates p osition — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
than the rate shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the rate shown.
The m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 ra tes of pay; a fou rth of the w o rk ers earn less than the lo w e r o f th ese ra te s and a fou rth ea rn m o re than
the h igh er ra te.
5 M a y include w o rk e rs oth er than those p resen ted sep a ra te ly .
4 D e s c rip tio n fo r this occupation has been r e v is e d sin ce the la st s u rv e y in this a rea .
See appendix A.
5 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .




9
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in du stry d ivisio n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket—W a rw ick , R . I . —M a s s ., M ay 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we e k l y earnings of—

$

1

$

t

S

Mean2
3

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

95

$
100

80
Under
$
and
under
80

85

85

Sex, occupation, and in du stry d iv is io n

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

-

$
105

-

$
110

$

S

115

120

S
125

$
130

S

$
135

14C

$

$
145

$

S
155

150

160

S
165

$
170

175
and

110

115

120

125

130

-

-

1
1

17
15

7
5

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

175

over

2

4

8

“

3

5
2

3

2

4
1

3
2

10
10

2
2

4
4

310
10

22
17

36

35

14
14

5
5

18
18

7
5

1
1

3
2

1

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A —
MA NUFACTURING ---

56
37

40.0
40. 0

$
$
$
$
157. 5 0 1 5 7 . 5 0 1 3 9 . 5 0 - 1 7 1 . 0 0
1 66.00 1 6 4 . 0 0 1 5 6 . 0 0 - 1 9 1 . 0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS b MA NUFACTURING ---

152
138

40.0
40.0

1 24.00 1 2 5 . 0 0
124.50 1 2 6 . 0 0

115.50-131.50
116.50-132.50

_

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C —
MA NU FACTURING ---

57
41

40. 0
4 0.0

I C C . 50
101.00

83.50-104.50
83.00-107.00

5
5

87
79

39.5 1 04.50 1 0 4 . 5 0
4 0 . C 103. 5 0 1 0 4 . 0 0

94.50-113.50
94.50-110.50

94.00
94. 5 0

-

_

14
1
0

2
2
1
-

9
9

6
6

19
13

6

2
2

17
10

6
0

23
22

6
6

15
15

16
16

7
7

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

2

-

4
4

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

1
-

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r which em ployees r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r
to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 A l l w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 190 to $ 195.




and/or p rem iu m

r a te s ),

and the

earnings co rresp o n d

10
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea basis
by industry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —
Paw tucket—W arw ick , R. I. — a ss. , M ay 1967)
M
Average
Number

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Average
Number

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
workers
(standard)

of

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CO NT IN UE D

39.5
40.0

$
76.00
75.50

K E YPUNCH UPERATCRS, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

1A 1
92
49

3 9.0
39.5
37.5

$
80.00
80.50
79.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T C R - R E C E P T I O N IS T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

28 6
221
65

39.0
39.0
37.5

$
76.00
76.00
75.00

94
64

39.0
39.0

69.00
68.00

KEYP U N C H OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

35 C
244
106

39.0
39.5
37.5

72.50
73 . 0 0
71.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

37
31

39.5
3 9.5

107.50
106.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

8I
77

38.5
39.0

86.00
86.00

O F F I C E B O Y S AN D G I R L S M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

122

61
61

3 8.5
39.5
38.0

67.50
67.50
67.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

69
38
31

39.0
39.0
38. 5

96.50
98.00
94.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

189
91
98

39.5
40.C
39.0

74.50
75.00
73.50

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 4------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--

561
32 7.
42

38.5
39. 5
37.5
37.0

97.50
I C O . 00
94 . 0 0
110.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

74
49

39.0
39.5

79.00
79.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2----------

375
277
98
55

39.0
39.5
38.0
38.0

96.50
95.50
100.50
1 1 1 . 50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A 4M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

91
59
32

39.0
39.5
38.0

115.00
117.00
I I I . 50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

221
10 7
114

38.5
39.5
38.0

76.00
82.00
70.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS K —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C r U R I N G -----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------R E T A I L T R A C E ---------------

711
44 l
270
106
9C

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5
39.5

76.00
74.50
78. 50
8 7.0 0
71.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B 4M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

217
146
71

39.0
39.0
38.0

IC7.50
112.50
98 . 0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

167
110
57

39.0
40.0
36.5

84.00
82.00
88.00

C L E R K S , FI L E , C L A S S A ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

66
26
40

38.C
4 0.0
37.0

87.50
81.00
91.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C 4M A N U E A C T U R I N G -------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

193
123
7C

3 8.5 100 . 0 0
39.5
96.50
3 7 . C 1 C6.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------

631
2 34
39 7
30

3 8.5
3 9.5
38.0
38.5

67.00
68.00
66.50
76.50

B ---------------------

161
66

38.5
37.5

69.50
69.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D 4M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

38 7
233
154

38.5
39.5
37.0

8 6 .50
89.00
83 . 0 0

C L E R K S , F I LE, C L A S S C ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

38.0
39.5
37.5

60. 50
63.00
60. CO

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----

373
179
194

39.0
39. 5
38.C

7 6 . CO
77.50
74 . 5 0

---------------------

203
37
166

C L E R K S , O R D E R -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

278
206
72

39.5
3 9.5
39.0

81.50
83. 00
76.50

S TENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -■

213
149
64

39.C
39.5
38. 5

89.50
8 6 .00
98.50

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

56
37

40.0
40.0

157.50
166.00

39.C
39.C
38.5
39.C

83.50
84.00
83.00
70.00

63
30
33

38.5
39.5
38.0

86 . 0 0
82 . 0 0
8 9 .00

152
138

397
326
71
32

SKITCHBUARO UPERATCRS,
C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------R E T A I L T R A C E ---------------

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

59
41

40.C
40.0

113
49
64

38.5
83.50
39.5
94.00
38.C , 75.50

84
81
41

38.5
38.5
38.5

68.50
68.50
66.50

93.50
94.50

C O M P T U M E T E R O P E R A T O R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

SWITCHBUARD OPERATORS
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -R E T A I L T R A D E ----

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

87
79

39. 5
40.0

104.50
103.50

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

160
144

B I L L E R S . M A C H I N E (B G C K K E E PING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

C L E R K S , F I LE, C L A S S
NUNMANUFACTURING

n u n m a n u f a c t u r in c

CLASS

B ----

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r which e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th eir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e
co rresp o n d to these w eek ly hours.
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 M ay include w o rk e rs oth er than those presen ted s e p a ra te ly .
D e s c rip tio n fo r this occupation has been re v is e d sin ce the la st s u rvey in this a rea .
See appendix A.




at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m

r a t e s ),

40.0 124.00
4 0 . C 124.50

and the earn in gs

11
Table A-4.

Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

(A v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r men in se le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket—W a rw ick , R .I.— a s s ., M ay 1967)
M
Hourly earnings

1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings <f-D
S
1.70

i
1.80

S
$
1.90 2 . 0 0

1.60

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

i
1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

-

-

11
11

-

-

$
1.50

Number
Mean*

Median 1
2
3

Middle range 2

186
142
44

2.78
2.71
3.0C

$
2.85
2. 74
3.01

$
$
2.39- 3.17
2 . 3 6 - 3 .16
2 . 4 6 - 3.58

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING -----------NG NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----

36C
279
81
57

3.25
3.1 6
3.5 7
3.8 1

3.14
3.03
3.91
3.94

2.812.663.083 .9C-

3.91
3.56
3.96
3.9 7

_
-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----MANUFACTURING ------------

191
1C 3

3 .18
3.22

3.22
3.16

2.872.73-

3 .51
3.9 2

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY EOILER
MANUFACTURING -----------

282
255

2.2 5
2.22

2.1 7
2.15

2. 0 2 2.C2-

2.39
2.36

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING -----------NG NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----

4C2
355
47
41

2.50
2.4 8
2.6 8
2.8C

2.57
2.54
2.86
2.89

2.18- 2.68
2. 1 8 - 2 . 6 6
2.0 9 - 3 . 0 4
2 . 75- 3 . 0 5

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING -----------

610
577

3.23
3.24

3.15
3.19

2 . 882.85-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------MANUFACTURING ----------NO NM AN UFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----

t
•
2 .90
!

$
S
i
$
1.10 3 .20 3 . 4 0
3
1.00 3

2 .30 2
!.40 2 .50

2 .60

2.70

2.80

2.90

3.0 0

J.10 3.20
2

3.4 0

24
20
4

7
7
~

2
2
“

9
9
~

7
7
“

22
14
8

12
1
11

14
13
1

19
19

26
26
-

32
10
22
2

24
22
2
2

22
18
4
4

2
~

32
25

60

t; ---- 1----$
1i
1.80 4t.oo 4 . 2 0
3.60 3

-

_
-

_
_

11
5
6

9
9

1
1
-

11
11
-

1
l
-

14
14
-

35
35
-

13
11
2

13
12
1

25
25
-

4
~

-

8
8

13
12

2
-

6
3

13
12

3
2

-

2
2

21
19

1
1

13
8

8
8

-

110
109
1
1

5
5
5

8
8
8

2
2
2

17
17
17

1

3
3

14
14

-

1
1
-

-

-

~
_

2 .10 2 . 2 0

-

-

~

-

13
11

24
22

11
11

-

8
8

-

3
2
1

-

~

-

~

-

-

-

-

"

'

~

‘

~
12
12

53
53

43
41

29
27

30
27

4
1

1

~
17
15
2

3
2
1

49
49

15
15

27
27

-

-

-

23
22
1
1

37
37
-

~

31
23
8
6

-

-

-

~

~

1
l

9
9

82
82

5
5

15
15

19
19

28
28

61
61

1?
7
5
5

_

_

-

10
10
10

6
5
1
1

4
1

29
29

-

-

“

-

3.60

3.8 0 <».00 4►•20 over

4
1
3

8
8

37
32
5
5

9
9
-

45
45
44

38
38
-

14
8

1
1

33
32

-

12
12

1

4

-

-

46
46

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

_

6
6
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

66
36

36
36

69
69

81
81

24
24

55
55

8
5

26
6
20
20

26
8
18
18

34
22
12
12

26
1
25
19

23
4
19
16

18
_
18
9

_
_

_
_

-

-

12
12

37
34

18
18

374
64

11
8

23
4

2
2

18

_

2
2

6
6

1C
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

22
22

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

-

5
5
5

3.1 7
3.09

-

-

-

11
11

-

-

11
11

24
24

39
39

11
11

26
26

46
31

3.05
3.0 5

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

~

~

-

12
12

_

-

6
6

_

~

"

-

-

-

11
11

34
34

5
5

2.31
2.31

1.83- 2 . 6 6
1.83- 2 . 6 6

27
27

_

2
2

8
8

6
6

10
10

2
2

7
7

18
18

3
3

2
2

16
16

_

_

2
2

_

1

-

~

-

2.73
2.9 3
2.40

2.61
2.80
2.1 9

2.272.492.04-

2.93
3.81
2.49

-

_

_

l

4

7

6
2
4

4
4
-

3

3
3
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

12
12
-

1

_

1

3

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

3

13
8
5

1

“

1

3

-

~

138
138

3.01
3 . Cl

2.8 8
2.8 8

2.542.54-

3.13
3.13

-

4
4

-

19
19

10
10

4
4

4
4

9
9

24
24

22
22

5
5

13
13

8
8

1
1

1
1

456
45 6

3.47
3.4 7

3.48
3.48

3.253.25-

3.72
3.72

8
8

4
4

8
8

33
33

35
35

84
84

103
103

119
119

696
325

2.92
2.67

3.12
2.7 3

2.7 1 2 .29-

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------MA NUFACTURING -----------

86
86

2.91
2.91

2.9 4
2.9 4

2.832 .83-

OILERS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------

126
125

2.29
2.29

82
52
30

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------MANUFACTURING -----------

1 E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on w eekends,
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s .

-

~

-

h olid a ys,

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

4

7

-

-

-

-

-

~

and late sh ifts.

-

13
13

“

_

-

-

4
4
~

1
1

_

2. 9 2 - 3 .37
2 .93- 3.17
2. 9 3 - 3.41
2.9C- 3 . 3 6




1
*
2.8C

-

3.U
3.10
3.13
3.07

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUF AC T U R I N G --------

S
2.70

~

3.07
2.9 9
3.10
3.04

'

S
2.60

%

_

196
53
143
125

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING -----------

2.50

and
under

CARPENTERS « MAINTENANCE : -MANUFACTURING -----------NG NM ANUFACTURING --------

3.56
3.58

$
*
%
%
2. 10 2 .20 2!• 30 2 .40

-

51
51

_

-

_

_

-

-

15
14
1

_

_
_

_

14
14

33
33

22
22

7
7

12
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
.by industry d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e —Paw tucket—W arw ick, R. I. — a s s ., M ay 1967)
M
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly eamings2

$
$
$
$
$
1 . 7 0 1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 .00 2 .10

%
$
$
$
$
2.2 0 2 .30 2 .40 2 . 5 0 2.60

t

%

1.50

$
1.6 0

2.70

2.80

i
2. 90

and
S
1.4 0 under
1.50 1.60

1.7 0

1.80

2.30 2 .40 2 .50

2.60 2 .70

2.80

2.90

3. 00 3. 10 3 . 2 0

-

4

5

7

-

-

-

4

5

7

i

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and industry division

ELEVATOR OPERATORS,

PASSENGER

G U A R O S AND W A T C H M E N -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING

----------------

WATCH M E N :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AN D C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------

1.4 0
workers

Mean3

Median3

36

$
1.54

$
1.58

$
$
1 . 4 7 - 1.66

469
304
165

1.91
1.94
1.86

1.84
1.91
1.65

1.591.701.48-

2.30
2.31
1.99

46

2.30

2.43

2.05-

2.54

1.66-

1.9 9

-

49

1

26

33

33

60

1.62- 2.06
1.69- 2.1C
1 . 5 6 - 1.93
2.33- 2.77
1 .43- 1.6 8

17

125
80
45

121
45
76
2
11

107
59
48

174

-

-

15

3

144
109
35
9
6

124
94
30
6
4

258

1.88

1.8 6

1, 128
7C3
425
76
97

1.89
1.93
1.83
2.49
1.58

1.81
1.8 8
1.73
2.71
1.50

Middle range

%

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

145
48
97

1.77
2.01
1.65

1.69
2 .02
1.66

1 . 6 3 - 1.91
1.85- 2.18
1 . 6 2 - 1.71

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

1, 186
928
25 8
54
94

2.01
1.98
2.13
3 .C 3
1.68

1.9 6
1.95
2.09
3.11
1.54

1. 7 5 - 2 . 2 4
1.7 7 - 2 . 1 6
1.56- 2.40
2 . 9 3 - 3.1 7
1.46- 2.06

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

46 9
315
154

2.12
2.20
1.97

2.15
2.16
1.98

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

519
469
50

2.11
2.13
1.91

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ( WOMEN) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

163
159

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 .10 2 . 2 0

-

14

6

14

98
49
49

20
1
19

52
26
26

43
37
6

46
35
11

4

2

t
3.10

*

$

$

%

3.20

3.30

3.40

3.50

3.30

3.40

3.50 3.60

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

$

3. 00

-

2

-

17
-

-

515

35

_

83

91

5
4

27
27

14
14

~

~

1

“

“

32
10
22

12

73
60
13

1

1

12

8

l

1

28
28

-

-

6

12
12

-

-

3

27

2

20

60
57
3

30
24

31
31

72
59
13
10
“

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

4
3
~

-

-

-

~

2
2
“

-

_

41
36
1

15
14
1
1
“

-

-

11
11

~

10
8
2
2

14
14
11

5
l
4
4

34
10
24
24

5
5
5

-

-

2
2

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
-

18
4
14
14

2
2
~

-

-

“

2
2
“

2
2
“

_
-

-

2
2

-

3
3

9

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

7
5
2
-

8
8
8

2

2

6
6
~

9
4
5

-

66
60
6
6

54
l
53
3

100
94
6
6

18

24

72
72

46
46
~

71
67
4

"

4

5
5
-

-

6
-

~

~

41

16
10
6
5
”

30
27
3
2
1

"

4

2
2

13
4
9

62
2
60

22
1
21

10
10

4
4

15
15
“

_
-

90
64
26
26

66
61

171
135
36
"

129
129
-

103

4

5

5

107
96
11
2

113
10 5

5

83
40
43
31

~

4

5

1 . 9 2 - 2.41
1.98- 2.48
1.49- 2.35

_
-

42
42

6
6

6
6

35
9
26

18
16
2

59
57
2

49
49

37
37

2.07
2.09
2.04

1.931.931.68-

2.27
2.28
2.09

_
-

5
5

7

28
27

35
35
-

135
135

1

10
10
-

61
32
29

1.50
1.50

1.54
1.54

1 .511.51-

1.5 8
1.57

“

34
33

122
119

10
5

2.42
2 .44
2.40
2.45

2.50
2 .52
2.37
2.39

2.062.072.032.05-

2.7C
2.65
2.85
2.95

_

_

_

l

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
l

4
4

-

13
5
8
2

4

23
22
1
1

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

123
88
35

2 .42
2 .38
2.51

2.49
2.46
2.52

2.142.132.41-

2.64
2.64
3.11

_

_

_

6

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

6

10
9
1

“

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------

2 16
155
61
47

2.32
2.39
2.16
1.89

2.35
2.38
1.9 8
1.89

2.092.311.831.81-

2.45
2.45
2.22
2.04

1, 783
339
1,444
991
38

3.17
2 .42
3.34
3.50
2.06

3.51
2.28
3.53
3.54
2.15

2.892.023.253.521 .68-

3.56
3.11
3.57
3.57
2.46

~

-

4
-

2

-

~

2
2

133
77
56
33

-

T R U C K D R I V E R S 6 --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------See footn otes at end o f table.




“
5
5

~

-

~
1

5

-

-

-

9b
-

-

9
9

12
12

62
62

1C
1C

1
1
1

25
24
1
l

1C
1
9
~

12
4
8

20
11
9

25
25
~

2
1
1

~

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1
1

9
9

61
13
48
“

4
4
2
2

98
98
92

52
34
18
-

127
55
72
”

9
5

3

4
4

11
2
9
l

17
16
l

6
6

2
2

5
2
3

63
63
-

45
45
-

-

6
6
-

1
1
-

67
58
9
9

60
25
35
~

89
7
82
2

8
6
2
2

14
1C
4
4

13
10
3
3

6

_

16

10

-

-

-

-

4

6
6

“

4

16
16

6
6

21
11
10
10

17
13
4

_
-

_
-

17
17
-

23
11
12
12

-

20
20
~

21
19
2
2

21
21
-

5

21
21
“

-

~

”

5

-

3

_

17
12

-

-

-

4

-

2
2

3

-

9

4

“

-

-

A

121
113
8

-

4

17
l
1

23
23

-

_
-

24
"

2
2

~

~

10
10
7
~

-

-

-

-

1 1039
1 1039
886
1
“

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ro v id e n c e —Paw tucket—W arw ick , R . I . —M a s s ., M ay 1967)
Hourly earnings2

Occupation 1 and industry division

Mean3

Median3

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Middle ringc

Under

i
1 .4 0

S
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

1
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

*
1 .8 0

t
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

s
V
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

i

i

s

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 C

i
2 .7 0

t
2 .8 0

S
2 .9 0

S
3 .0 0

S
3 .1 0

S
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

%
3 .4 0

3 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 C

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

23
11

8
8

15
15

20
20

8
8

-

31
29

3
3

2
2

10
6

7
7

-

2

-

~

9
4
5

5
5

1
l
-

7
5
2

26
19
7

50
15
35

_

5
2
3
3

50
2
48

2
2

_

_

-

-

i

and
under
1 .5 0

TR UC KD RI VE RS6 ~ CONTINUED
T K U C K D RIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

129
1C9

$
2 .0 6
2 .0 7

$
2 .0 0
2 .0 1

$
1 .8 1 1 .8 6 -

$
2 .2 8
2 .2 7

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I N C L U D I N G A T G N S ) -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N O ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 5---------------

459
136
323
86

2 .7 9
2 .4 7
2 .9 3
3 .5 3

2 .8 4
2 .3 0
2 .8 8
3 .5 5

2 .3 72 .1 1 2 .4 4 3 .5 2 -

3 .2 7
3 .2 3
3 .5 0
3 .5 8

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A W (O V E R 4 TU N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4---------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY
OTHER THAN TRAILER

( O V E R A T ONS,
T Y P E ) ---------

-

-

-

~

~

~

_

_

-

17
17

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .4 7
2 .9 1
3 .5 2
3 .5 6

3 .5 4
3 .1 3
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .5 1 2 .6 6 3 .5 2 3 .5 3 -

3 .5 7
3 .1 7
3 .5 7
3 .5 8

42

2 .8 4

2 .8 9

2 .2 9 -

3 .3 6

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

534
486

2 .4 8
2 .4 8

2 .4 9
2 .5 1

2 .2 1 2 .2 1 -

2 .6 4
2 .6 4

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------------

81

2 .3 6

2 .3 5

2 .3 1 -

1

1

2 .3 9

~

~

D ata lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs excep t w h ere oth erw ise indicated.
E xclu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w ork on weekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
F o r d e fin itio n o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilities.
A l l w o rk e rs w e r e at $ 1 .3 0 to $ 1 .4 0 .
Includes a ll d r iv e r s , as d efin ed , re g a rd le s s of s iz e and type of truck o p erated .




-

72
72

-

-

115
49
66

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

83
83
83

"

713
64
649
46 3

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R (F C R K L I F T ) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

If
17

-

-

-

-

(>

1
1

10
10

35
26

4 7

1

1

2

10

44

1
31
31

6
6

4
109
109

_
-

5
7

7

52

"
_

3

-

-

2

4
4

1
1

5
5

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

3

32
8

115
115

37
37

16
16

12
12

-

-

9

4

17
7
10

3

12
6
6

3

_

-

-

3

-

7

1

6

-

82
70

-

-

-

49
34
15

3

610

610
46 3

14
B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1967)
M
In ex p erien ced typists
M an u factu rin g
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
in d u strie s

Other in e x p e rie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

B a se d on stan d ard w eek ly h ours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
sch edules

37 V2

A ll
in d u stries
A ll
schedules

40

N on m an u factu r ing

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 o f40

A ll
sch ed u les

37 V2

40

E sta b lish m e n ts stu died____________________________________________

144

75

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

144

75

XXX

69

XXX

XXX

E stab lish m en ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m __________________

69

34

25

35

9

13

80

39

30

41

11

18

u n der $ 52. 50______________________________________
u n der $ 55. 00______________________________________
under $ 57. 50......... ........ .....................................
u n der $ 60. 00........................................ .................
under $ 62. 50______________________________________
u n der $ 65. 00_____________________________________
under $ 67. 50______________________________________
under $ 7 0 .0 0 ______________________________________
under $ 7 2. 50______________________________________
under $ 7 5 .0 0 ............................................. ...........
o v e r _________________________________________________

3
6
19
6
11
11
8
1
1
1
2

_
4
7
4
6
7
3
1
1
1

_
5
3
6
6
2
1
1
1

3
2
12
2
5
4
5

_
1
2
1
2
1
1

_
7

1
9

-

-

1

1

_
7
3
9
6
2
1
1
1

_
2
3

-

_
4
9
3
9
7
4
1
1
1

3
3
15
1
6
5
5

-

3
7
24
4
15
12
9
1
1
2
2

E stab lish m en ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------

14

11

E stab lish m en ts w h ich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o ry ____________________________________________________

61

30

$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57.50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7.50
$ 70. 00
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 75. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

-

2
2
1

1
1

-

-

XX X

3

XX X

XXX

25

19

XXX

31

XXX

XXX

39

17

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p aid f o r
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r te d .




sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

-

-

2
2
1

3
2
1

-

-

-

1

-

1
2

-

2

XX X

6

XXX

XX X

XX X

22

XXX

XX X




T able B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
P r o v i d e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R . I. —M a s s . , M a y 1967)
P
W
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S e co n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on—

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

T o t a l -------------------------------------------------------------------

74. 1

5 5 .4

14. 6

6. 0

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________

60. 0

52. 0

12. 7

5. 8

U n ifo r m ce n ts (p e r h o u r ) _______________________

4 1. 2

36. 0

9. 1

4. 2

4 c e n t s __________________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________________
6 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s __________________________________________
l l c e n t s _______________________________________
!z
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n t s _________________________________________
12 c e n t s _________________________________________
1 5 c e n t s _________________________________________
16 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------20 c e n t s _________________________________________
2 2 9 io c e n t s _____________________________________
/
23 c e n t s _________________________________________
2 5 c e n t s _________________________________________
40 c e n t s _________________________________________

3. 5
8. 8
4. 3
2. 3
3. 2
3. 5
7. 2
1 .5
1. 3
.7
3. 3
-

1 .0
1. 5
1 .4
. 5
.9
.8
1. 2
. 3
.3
. 3
.6
-

-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________________________

12. 9

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

2. 8
1. 2
8. 8

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r re d u c e d h o u r s _____________

.8

F o r m a l p a id lu nch p e r io d -----------------------------

1. 3

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------

3. 7

3. 7

1 .0

.2

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------------

14. 2

3. 3

1 .9

.2

-

_
3. 6
1 .7
7. 0
1 .6
1. 1
9. 1
2. 7
4. 6
.8
-

1. 0
1. 3

1 .6

-

-

1 .6

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g ■la te s h ift s ,
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

12. 4
-

1. 2
11. 2

. 3
(2)

1 .0
.4
( 2)
.9
.3
.6
. 2
-

.2
. 1

-

. 3

-

-

. 1

2. 3

1 .4
-

$
(2)

-

2. 3

1 .4

(2)

-

.3

and e s ta b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

-

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h ifts

16

Table B-3.

Scheduled Weekly Hours

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p lan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y sch ed u led w e e k ly hours 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R. I. — a s s . , M a y 1967)
P
W
M
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h ou rs
AU

industries L

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

35 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and u nder 3 7 V2 h o u r s ____________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------38 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------383 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------/*
39 h ou rs __________________________________________________________
40 h ou rs __________________________________________________________
O v e r 40 and under 45 h o u r s _____________________________
45 h o u r s __________________________________________________________
O v e r 45 h o u r s __________________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

Manufacturing

100

100

4
3
3

Public ,
u i i i s3
tlte

4

AU

i u t i s*
nd s r e

Manufacturing

Public
u i i i s3
tlte

100

100

100

100

100

-

-

2

-

2
24
13

9
4
17
2
10

1
3
12
1
14

3
4
63

2
16
24

( 5)

-

56
2

64
4

-

-

( 5)

( 5)

69
2
15
8

-

87
-

7
6

( 5)

47
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
54
1

31
-

-

9

S ch ed u led h ou rs a r e the w e e k ly h ou rs w h ic h a m a jo r it y o f the f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h eth er th ey w e r e p aid fo r at s t r a ig h t - t im e
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




Retail trade

100

( 5)
68
2
13
8

Retail trade

o r o v e r t im e

r a te s .

17

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f paid h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d an n u ally, P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et—W a r w ic k , R .I.—M a s s . , M a y 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s ____________________________________________

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities 1
2
3

Retail trade

AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

98

94

90

99

99

100

87

3

2

6

10

1

2
2
16
4
1
17

1
3
18
4
2
21

13

(4)

N u m b e r o f days

L e s s than 5 h o lid a y s _______________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________________
7 h o lid a y s _______________
____________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________
8 h o lid a y s _______________________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________
9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
11 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _______________________
12 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________________

-

-

15
1
29
3
6

17
1
24
4
3

8

_

-

(4)
9

10
-

11

-

4
-

3

-

-

22

64

-

-

62

-

-

-

-

-

( 4)

-

-

-

-

-

-

0
(4)
6
(4)
8
1
33
5
28
5
2
1
1

.

.

1
15
1

-

10
-

(4)
10

-

-

-

13
2
42
9
6

13

68

-

-

43
44

-

-

1
-

7
1
2
-

-

-

2

T o t a l h o lid a y tim e 5

12 d a y s ____________________________________________________________
11 V2 d a ys o r m o r e __________________________________
11 d a y s o r m o r e _____________________________________
lO 1^ d a y s o r m o r e _____
/
...
.
. .
10 d a y s o r m o r e ...............
_
...........
9 V2 d a y s o r m o r e
_ ...
....
9 d a y s o r m o r e .............
. . . .............
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 V d a y s o r m ore?
...........
.... ... .
............ .......
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 V2 d a ys o r m o r e ______________________________ ____
6 d a y s o r m o r e ... ....
.. . ... . . .
. ..
5 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e ____ ______ ____________________________

_
-

-

-

( 4)
(4)
6
9
38
39
54
54
73
76
92
95
96
96
97

-

-

-

3
7
31
33
50
50
72
76
94
97
98
98
98

62
62
84
84
94
94
94
94
94
94
94
94
94

-

64
64
67
67
72
72
82
82
82
85
90

1
2
4
9
37
41
74
75
83
83
89
90
98
99
99
99
99

2
2
2
2
8
16
59
60
74
74
84
85
99
99
99
99
99

_

44
86
86
99
99

68

100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

70
70
78
78
87
87
87
87
87

_

_

_

68

1 Includes data fo r w h olesale trade, r e a l estate, and s e rv ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d ivisio n s shown se p arately .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data fo r w h olesale trade; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p arately .
4 L e s s than 0.5 percent.
5 A ll com binations of fu ll and half days that add to the sam e amount are com bined; fo r exam p le, the prop ortion of w o r k e r s re c eiv in g a total of 9 days includes those
with 9 fu ll days and no h alf days, 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d ay s, 7 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w e re then cum ulated.




18
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p ay
p r o v is io n s , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R . I. — a s s ., M a y 1967)
P
W
M
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

AU
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
70
28

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------

99
65
35
-

100
100
-

94
92
3

99
97
3
-

100
95
5

100
100
-

99
99
-

-

-

-

6

( 5)

16
51

22
52

19
24

12
42

( 5)
12

( 5)

2

34

_
_

19

43
12
44

M eth od o f paym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ____________________________
L e n g t h - o f- t im e p a y m e n t -----------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t___________________
F la t - s u m p a y m e n t --------------------------------------

( 5)

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
1
A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y

6

A f t e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
44
17

U n d er 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1

O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ___________________
? wpplf s
.
3 w pfiks
_
_
_____ ________

( 5)

53
15

1
1

_

78
6
13
1
( 5)
1

83
6
7
2
1

59
11
26
1
1
1

67
13
15
2
1
1

16
21
53
4
3
1

17
27
46
5
3
1

16
20
54
5
3
1

17
25
47
6
3
1

18
19
24

4
33
_

1

( 5)

A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ________________________________________
D v p r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s -------------------3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ______________________________________

__ _

_

39
_

60
1
-

62
4
28

31
1
68

43
1
57

81

-

( 5)
"
-

-

-

17
1
81

28
2
69

8
5
87

92

1

_

_

-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1
.......
______ ____ _______
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -------------------2 w e e k s ____ _________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _______________
3' w e e k s .... .
_
_ _ _
A

1

34

19

65

75

1

_
_

1

13

8

_

A f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
__
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------? \ /<>=lr q
x =<>

O v p r ? Ppr?
3 w ppV s
4 w eeks

vjnrl & t T

w ppk.c;

_ ..
__
_

___________

-

-

99

78

1

3

7
5
82
3
3

_

_

_

13

6
4
84
3
3

12
10
69
5
5

4

1

96

94

_

4

-

_

A f t e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
.
_ _ _ _.
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________________
2 w e e k s ______________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _______________
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
.......

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




-

99

78

-

-

1

3

9
7
73
6
5

4

1

96

94

-

-

-

_
_

4

_

19
Table B-5.

-----Continued
Paid Vacations1

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f p lan t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1967)
P
W
M
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y
All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

AU
A
industries *

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C ontinued

A f t e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________ ___________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------4 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________

7
1
77
4
9
( 5)

6
1
77
5
8
-

99
1
-

1

6
1
53
7
30
2

81
7

6
1
42
6
38
5

6
1
45
7
36
2

93
7

6
1
27
1
43
3
16
1

6
1
28
2
46
3
11
1

1

81
4
14
( 5)

1
81
5
12
-

94
6
-

1
80
-

14
4

1

6
1
49
6
32
5

13
64
14
3

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

5

-

-

12

32

-

1

-

1

-

-

11

50

-

-

34
23

46
6
46
1

89
"

23
26

5
28
38
23

1
40
3
52
4

1
43
6
48
3

4
96
~

1
47
26
26

5
23

1
21

1
25

4

1
35

( 5)
61
2
15

( 5)
52
3
18

'

‘

-

-

1
-

42
3
51
3

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________________ ____________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________________________
4 w e e k s ___________ a____________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

-

-

66

17

-

-

34

50

“

"

-

-

72

35

-

-

24

28
“

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ______________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ............... ........................................................ .............
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




6
1
26
1
35
3
25
2

6
1
26
2
40
4
19
1

5
-

-

-

23

24

9

-

-

-

76

58

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

18

25

4

35

( 5)
37
3
30
3

-

-

43

17

-

-

54

47

( 5)
44
2
34
2

20
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1
-----Continued

( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f plan t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R . I. — a s s ., M a y 1967)
P
W
M
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

AH
industries 2

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities 3

Retail trade

All
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— C on tin u ed

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------------------------------4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

6
1
26
1
25
4
31
5

6
1
26
2
28
5
24
6

6
1
26
1
25
4
29
7

6
1
26
2
28
5
22
8

5
-

23
-

-

100

9
-

-

58
"

-

5
23
9

-

-

100

58

1

_

1
18

-

-

-

25

4

35

( 5)
26
4
48
4

( 5)
25
7
36
6

-

-

9
88
-

17

1
18

-

-

25

( 5)
26
4
48
4

( 5)
25
7
36
6

4
9

1

-

47
"

M a x im u m v a c a tio n a v a ila b le 7
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u nder 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

1

_

-

88

1
35
.
17
_
47

1 In clu d es b a s ic plans o n ly . E x c lu d e s plan s such as v a c a tio n - s a v in g s and th o se plans w h ich o f f e r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits b eyo n d b a s ic p lan s to w o r k e r s w ith
q u a lify in g len gth s o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e plan s in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s trie s .
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 In clu d es p a ym en ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t - s u m p a ym en ts, c o n v e r te d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a
p a y m en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p ay.
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o sen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s
fo r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the ch a n ges in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a r e
c u m u la tiv e . T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n s r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e who r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p ay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 F ig u r e s shown a ls o in d ic a te the p r o v is io n s a ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




21
Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P e r c e n t o f plan t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , 1 P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t— a r w ic k , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1967)
P
W
M
P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

Ail
,
industries 2

Manufacturing

Retail trade

100

100

83

99

59

75

50

44

41

40
5

100

100

L i f e in s u r a n c e ___________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e _____________________________________—
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r both 5 ___________________________

84
60

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e -----------S ic k le a v e (f u l l p a y and no
w a itin g p e r i o d ) ------------------------------------S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) _____________________________

10

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________ _________________

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public
utilities 3

All
industries 45

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

88

92

93

96

87

57

64

64

70

47

82

71

68

59

77

69

54

29

31

34

25

6

22

35

45

32

75

38

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g ;

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ----------------------------------N o h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n p la n --------

4

1

24

13

4

“

"

30

96
95
84
29
47
1

97
96
83
28
47

100
100
100
62
88

89
89
81
14
38
6

98
97
93
56
72

99
97
93
42
68

100
100
96
73
85

( 6)

( 6)

94
94
76
25
38
1

1 In c lu d e s th o s e plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p art o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu blic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
5 U n d u p lic a te d to t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e plan s a r e lim it e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin ite ly
e s ta b lis h at le a s t th e m in im u m n u m ber of d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e c te d b y ea ch e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




22

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g h ea lth in s u ra n c e b e n e fits
c o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir d ep en d e n ts , P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a rw ic k , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1967)
M
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit, c o v e r a g e , and fin a n c in g 1
4
3
2

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ______________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts __________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ______
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e ______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts __________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ______
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts __________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d fo r dep en d en ts
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y ----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d ___________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n ts __________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d _______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d __________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts --------

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
26
21
4

97
25
21
4

100
1
1
-

89
47
37
10

98
22
21
2

99
11
10
1

100
7
4
3

94
48
38
10

70
41
21

72
44
20

99
71
28

42
18
23

76
39
27

88
59
25

93
54
39

46
3
42

7

8

-

( 5)

10

4

-

1

95
27
22
4

96
26
22
4

100
1
1
-

89
47
37
10

97
22
21
2

97
11
10
1

100
7
4
3

94
48
38
10

68
39
21

70
42
20

99
71
28

42
18
23

75
38
27

85
57
25

93
54
39

46
3
42

7

8

-

( 5)

10

4

-

84
22
17
4

83
20
16
4

100
1
1
-

81
47
37
10

93
21
19
2

93
9
8
1

96
7
4
3

76
48
38
10

62
36
18

63
38
17

99
71
28

34
18
15

72
37
24

84
56
24

89
54
35

28
3
24

1

7

8

-

( 5)

10

4

-

1

29
4
4
-

28
4
4
-

62
4
4
-

14
6
6
-

56
11
11
-

42
4
4
-

73
4
4
-

25
7
7
-

25
8
15

24
7
16

59
59
-

8
8

45
15
20

39
13
22

69
65
4

18
18

2

1

10

4

1 In clu d es p lan s f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r .
See fo o tn o te 1, ta b le B -6 .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as p r o v id in g b e n e fits to
e m p lo y e e s fo r th e ir d ep en d en ts i f such c o v e r a g e w a s a v a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f th ose e m p lo y e e s one w ou ld u su a lly e x p e c t to have d e p e n d e n ts , e . g . , m a r r ie d m e n , e v e n
th ough th ey w e r e le s s than a m a jo r it y o f a ll p la n t o r o ffi c e w o r k e r s .
T h e e m p lo y e r b e a r s the e n tir e c o s t o f " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " pla n s.
T h e e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e s h a re the
c o s t o f " jo in t ly fin a n c e d " p la n s.
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




23
Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W o rk

( P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p ay
p r o v is io n s , P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu c k e t—W a r w ic k , R . I. — a s s . , M a y 1967)
M
P la n t w'o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p a y p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

Al
l
j
i d tr s
n us ie

Manufacturing

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Public 2
uiiis
tlte

Retail trade

Al ,
l
i us ie
nd tr s

Manufacturing

Public 2
uiiis
tlte

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

65

66

100

53

44

50

79

45

64

65

100

53

44

50

79

45

2
3

3
2

_
-

.

60

14

59

100

40

18

31

1

60
1

1
3
1
45

.

13

6
9
1
29

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

47

6

50

1

D a ily o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m ra te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s _________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f ------------------------E f f e c t iv e a ft e r :
7 h o u rs -....... ....... ........ ... ...................7 V2 h o u r s -------- -------- ----- ----- 73 h ou rs ------ --------------------/4
8 h o u rs _____________________________________
D ou b le t im e _______________________________________
E f f e c t iv e a fte r :
7 h o u r s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no
p r o v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e r t im e pay
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 5________________________________

34

_

5

W e e k ly o v e r t im e at p re m iu m ra te s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts h avin g
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s _________________________________
T im e and o n e - h a l f _________________________
E f f e c t iv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s ___________________________________
36V4 h o u r s ___________________________
37 lz h o u r s _________________________________
/
6
5
4
3
2
383 h o u r s _________________________________
/4
40 h o u r s ___________ ________ -......—
44 h o u r s ___________________ ______ —
D o u b le t im e ________________________________
E f f e c t iv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s ----------------------------O th e r p r e m iu m r a t e s ______________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r t im e pay
at p r e m iu m r a te s 5___________________________

99

100

100

90

99

99

100

97

98

99

100

90

99

99

100

97

2

3

3

_

_

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

94

100

87
3

1

-

-

93
1
1

6
2
10
1
79
(6)

-

1
3
7
1
87

-

-

60

2

-

-

37

95

-

-

-

1
(6)

(6)

10

1 In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r public u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 In clu d es w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o v e r e d by le g is la t iv e r e q u ir e m e n ts r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e , e v e n though such w o r k e r s a c tu a lly do not w o r k o v e r t im e .
G ra d u a te d p r o v is io n s fo r p r e m iu m pay a re c la s s ifie d u nder the f i r s t e f f e c t iv e p r e m iu m r a te .
F o r e x a m p le , a p lan c a llin g fo r tim e and o n e - h a lf a fte r 8 and dou b le tim e a fte r
10 h o u rs w o u ld be c o n s id e r e d as tim e and o n e - h a lf a fte r 8 h o u rs .
S im ila r ly , a p la n c a llin g fo r no p a y o r p ay at a r e g u la r ra te a ft e r 35 h ou rs and tim e and o n e - h a lf a ft e r 40
h o u rs w o u ld be c o n s id e r e d as tim e and o n e - h a lf a fte r 40 h o u rs.
5 In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e x e m p t fr o m le g is la t iv e re q u ir e m e n ts r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and w h e r e , as a m a tte r o f p o lic y , o v e r t im e is not w o rk e d .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau’s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor’s position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




24

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A t Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shiDoinz charzes.J and entrv of necessarv extensions
Jl X
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

K E Y P U N C H O PERATO R— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

28

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
(’'Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-p>osition telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited” telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
eAension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PE R A TO R — Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

P O WE R P L A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
e lectrician s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1 Vz to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e s e v e n t h an n u al r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn ey s, ch e m ists, en g in ee rs, engineering tech n ician s, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , fre ig h t ra te c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B B S B u l l e t i n 1535, N a t i o n a l
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T ec h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l
50 c e n t s a c opy .

Su rvey of P r o f e s s io n a l, AdPay, F eb ru ary — arch 1966.
M

☆ U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICt: 196/ — 303-597/1




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p re se n te d below . A d ire c to ry in d icatin g d a te s of e a r li e r stu d ie s , and the p r ic e s of the bu lletin s is
a v a ila b le on re q u e s t. B u lle tin s m ay be p u rch ased fro m the Superin ten dent of D o cu m en ts, U .S. G overn m ent P rin tin g O ffice, W ashington, D .C ., 20402.

A re a

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e

A kron, Ohio, Ju n e 1966 1________ ___________
A lbany— en ectad y — ro y , N .Y ., A pr. 1967.
Sch
T
A lbu qu erqu e, N. M ex ., A pr. 1 9 6 7
—.
Allentown— eth leh em — a sto n , P a .— . J . ,
B
E
N

1465-81,
1530-62,
1530-60,

30 cen ts
25 cen ts
20 ce n ts

A tlan ta, G a ., M ay 1966 * ___________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., Nov. 1966 1_________________ ______
Beaum ont— o rt A rth u r-O ran g e , T e x ., May 1966 1—
P
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r. 1 9 6 7 *____________-________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, Ju ly 1966 1______________________
B o sto n , M a s s ., O ct. 1966___ —
_____________________

1530-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1530-63,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25
30
30
25
30
25
25

cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

B u ffalo , N .Y ., D ec. 1966 1__________________________
B u rlin gton , V t ., M ar. 1967 1 . . . _____________________
C anton, Ohio, A p r. 1 9 6 7 _____ -__________ __________
C h a rle sto n , W. V a ., A pr. 1 9 6 7 ______________ -_____
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r. 1 9 6 7 ________________________
C hattan ooga, Tenn.— a ., S ep t. 1966 1______________
G
C h ic ag o , 111., A pr. 1966 1 __________________________
C in cin n ati, Ohio— y.— d ., M ar. 1 967__________ ___
K
In
C le v ela n d , Ohio, Sep t. 1966 1______________________
C o lu m b u s, Ohio, O ct. 1966 1________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., Nov. 1966 1_________________________ -.

1530-38,
1530-52,
1530-58,
1530-61,
1530-64,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1530-56,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30
25
20
20
20
30
30
25
30
30
30

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1530-66,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
30
25

cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts

1530-65,
1530-49,
1465-79,
1530-4,
T 530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30
30
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts

D aven port— ock Isla n d — oline, Iowa—
R
M
111.,
D ayton, Ohio, Ja n . 1 9 6 7 ------------------------------------D en v er, C o lo ., D ec. 1966------- ----------------------- ---D es M o in es, Iowa, F e b . 1 9 6 7 ______________________
D e tro it, M ich ., Ja n . 1 9 6 7 * ________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., Nov. 1966 1__________ —
_________
G reen B a y , W is., A ug. 1966 * —
--------------------------- G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1 9 6 7 ________________________
H ouston, T e x ., Ju n e 1966 1 ____ .____________________
In d ian ap o lis, Ind., D ec. 1966_______________________
Ja c k so n , M i s s ., F e b . 1967_______-____ _____ -_______
Ja c k so n v ille , F l a . , Ja n . 1967 1 --------------------------K a n s a s C ity , Mo.— a n s ., Nov. 1966________________
K
L aw ren ce— a v e rh ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1966 * -----H
N
L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R o ck , A rk ., Aug. 1966 1__
N
L o s A n geles—
Long B e a ch and A nah eim -San ta A n aG ard en G ro v e , C a l i f . , M ar. 1967 1
________________
L o u isv ille , K y .-In d ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 * __________________
Lubbock, T e x ., Ju n e 1966 1--------------------------- —
—
M a n c h e ste r, N .H ., A ug. 1966 1--------------------------M em p h is, Tenn.— r k ., Ja n . 1 9 6 7 -----------------------A
M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1966__________________ _
M idland and O d e ss a , T e x ., Ju n e 1966 1 ___


* Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

A re a

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e

M ilw aukee, W is., A pr. 1966______________ _____ _
M in neapolis— P au l, M inn., Ja n . 1967 1_______....
St.
M uskegon— uskegon Heights., M ich ., M ay 1966 1 .
M
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b . 196 7 ______—
New H aven, C on n ., Ja n . 1 9 6 7 ____________________
New O rle a n s, L a ., F e b . 1 9 6 7 * _______ -_________ _
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1966 1_____________________
N orfolk— o rtsm o u th and N ew port New s—
P
H am pton, V a., Ju n e 1966_______________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1966 1______________

.1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1530-55,
1530-41,
1530-51,
1465-82,

20
30
25
25
25
30
40

cen ts
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

O m aha, N e b r.—
Iow a, O ct. 1966________
P a te rso n — lifton — a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1967 _
C
P
P h ilad e lp h ia, P a .— .J ., Nov. 1966 l — ___ —
N
_
Ph oenix, A r iz ., M ar. 1 9 6 7_________________ ...
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Ja n . 1967 *.
P o rtla n d , M aine, Nov. 1966----------------------P o rtla n d , O re g .— ash ., M ay 1966 1______ __
W
P ro v id e n ce—
Paw tucket— arw ick, R .I.— a s s .
W
M
May 1967 1 .
R a le ig h , N .C ., Sep t. 1966___________________
R ichm ond, V a ., Nov. 1966_______—
____ _____
R o ck fo rd , 111., M ay 1 9 6 7 ____________________

1530-18,
1530-67,
1530-35,
1530-59,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25
25
35
20
30
20
25

cents
cents
cen ts
cents
cen ts
cents
cents

1530-70,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1530-68,

30
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is , Mo.—
111., O ct. 1966 1______________
S a lt L a k e C ity , Utah, D ec. 1966 1___________
San Antonio, T e x ., Ju n e 1966.
San B e rn ard in o — iv e r sid e — n tario , C a lif.,
R
O

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cen ts

San D ie go , C a l i f ., Nov. 1966 * . ___„_________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a lif ., Ja n . 1967 l „
O
San J o s e , C a l i f ., Sept. 1966________________
Savann ah, G a ., M ay 1 9 6 7 __________________
S cran to n , P a ., Aug. 1966S e a ttle — v e re tt, W ash., O ct. 1966E

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1530-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
20
20
25

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sio u x F a l l s , S . D a k ., O ct. 1966_____________
South B en d , In d ., M ar. 1 9 6 7 __________________
Spokan e, W ash ., Ju n e 1966__________________ _
T am pa— t. P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Sep t. 1966 1 ___
S
T o led o , O h io -M ich ., F e b . 1967 1______________
T ren ton, N . J . , D ec. 1966 1________ ____________
W ashington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., O ct. 1966 1_______
V
W aterbury, C on n ., M ar. 1 9 6 7 _______ ________
W aterloo, Iow a, Nov. 1966 1__________________
W ichita, K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1__________ ___ ____
W o rc e ste r, M a s s ., Ju n e 1966 1_______________
Y o rk , P a ., F e b . 1 9 6 7---------------------------------Youngstown— arre n , Ohio, Nov. 1966________
W

1530-12,
1530-57,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1530-50,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1530-54,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1530-47,
1530-29,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cen ts
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102