View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Area Wage Survey
The Albuquerque, New Mexico, Metropolitan Area
April 1967

--------------1

..h

Albuquerque

BERNALILLO

B u lle tin N o. 1 5 3 0 -6 0




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Area Wage Survey
The Albuquerque, New Mexico, Metropolitan Area




April 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-60
May 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

At the end of each su rvey, an individual a re a b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s for each area studied. Afte r
com p letion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is sued.
The f i r s t part b rings data for each of the metro politan
a r e a s studied into one bulletin. The second part prese n ts
in fo rm a tio n which has been projected fr o m individual m e t ­
rop olitan a r e a data to r ela te to geographic regions and the
United State s.

Introduction_________________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for s e lec ted occupational g ro u ps______________________________
Tables:
1.
Z.

A.

E s ta b lis h m en ts and w o r k e r s within scope of su r vey and
number studied__________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eekly s a la r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t i m e
hourly earnings for selec ted occupational grou ps, and
percents of i n c re a s e for selec ted p e r i o d s __________________________
Occupational e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. Office occupations— e n and w o m en ___________________________
m
A - Z . P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations— e n ________________
m
A - 3 . Off ic e, p r o fe s s i o n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b i n e d _____________________ ________________
A - 4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupatio ns_____________________
A - 5. Custodial and m a t e r i a l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

Appendix.

Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s _________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s currently are included in the
p r o g r a m . In form atio n on occupational earnings is colle cted
annually in each a r e a . Inform ation on establishment p r a c ­
tic e s and s u pp lem e nta ry wage provisions is obtained b ie n ­
nially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This bulletin p r e s e n ts resu lt s of the s u r v e y in
Albu q u erq ue, N. M e x . , in A p r i l 1967. The Standard M e t ­
r o p o lit a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p r i l 1966, con sists of Ber nalillo County.
This study w as conducted by the B u reau 's regional office
in San F r a n c i s c o , C a l i f . , M ax D. K o s s o r i s , D ir e c t o r ; by
Joseph Eckberg, under the direction of W illia m P. O'Connor,
Reg ion al W a g e A n a ly s t .




1
3

areas.

* NOTE:
Sim ila r tabulations are ava ilable fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

Union s c a l e s , indicative of prevailin g pay le ve ls in
the Albuquerque a r e a , are a ls o available for building con­
struction; printing; lo c a l - t r a n s i t operating e m p lo y e e s ; and
m otortru c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and allied occupations.

iii

Z

3

5
7

o o c»

The B ure au of La b o r Statistics pro gram of annual
occupational wage s u r v e y s in metro politan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational ea rnings, and e s t a b ­
li sh m en t p r a c t i c e s and su pp le m entary wage p r o vis ion s . It
yields detailed data by s e le c t e d industry divisions for each
of the a r e a s studied, for geographic r eg io n s, and for the
United State s.
A m a j o r conside ration in the p r o g r a m is
the need fo r g re a ter insight into (1) the movem ent of wa ges
by occupational c a teg or y and skill le v e l, and (Z) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of wages among a reas and industry divisio n s.

1

11




Area W age Survey
The Albuquerque, N. Mex., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
Bureau of L a bo r Sta tistic s conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and relate d b en efits on an areawide b a s i s .

Occupational em plo ym ent and earnings data are shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hired to work a reg ular weekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s if ic a t io n .
Ea rnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v e r t i m e and for work on week en ds, h olidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f -l i v i n g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. W h ere weekly hours are
repo rte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, r ef e r e n c e is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the n ea re s t half hour) for which em plo yees
r e c e i v e their regular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (e xc lu siv e of pay for
o v e r t i m e at regular a n d /o r p r e m iu m rates). A v e r a g e weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re s t half do llar.

This bulletin p r e s e n ts current occupational em ploym en t and
earnings in fo rm a tio n obtained la rgely by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
v is ited by B ure au field ec o n om ists in the last previous su rvey for
occupations reporte d in that ea rli er study. P e rs o n al v isits w ere m ad e
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
s in ce the p reviou s s u rvey .
In each a re a , data are obtained fr o m repr ese n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lis h m en ts within six bro ad industry divisio n s: Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
po rtatio n, c om m u n ica tio n , and other public utilities; w h o le sale tra de;
r e t a i l tra de; finance, in su ra n c e, and rea l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
Ma jor
industry gro ups excluded f r o m these studies are government o p e r a ­
tions and the con struction and extractive industries.
Estab lish m en ts
having few er than a p r e s c r i b e d number of workers are omitted b ecau se
they tend to furnish insu fficient employment in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clu sion . Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
bro ad indust ry d iv isio n s which mee t publication c r it e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s prese nte d r eflec t c o m p o s i t e , areawide e s t i ­
m ates.
Industries
and esta blis h m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute diffe re ntly to the es t im a t e s for each job.
The pay rela tionship obtainable f r o m the a vera ge s m ay fail to r efle ct
a cc u r ately the wage spread or diffe rential maintained among jobs in
individual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i la r l y , d i ffe re n ce s in average pay le ve ls
for men and wom en in any of the s elected occupations should not be
a s s u m e d to r e f le c t diffe re n ce s in pay treatm ent of the sexes within
individual e s t a b lis h m en ts . Other po s s ible fa c to rs which may con trib ­
ute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and women include: D iffe re n c es in
p r o g r e s s i o n within established rate r a n g e s , since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are c olle cted ; and d iffe re n ce s in specific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k er s are approp riate ly c la s s if ie d within the
s a m e su rvey job d e scription .
Job d e sc ription s used in cla ssifying e m ­
ployees in these su r v ey s are u su ally m o r e g en er aliz ed than those used
in individual e sta blis h m en ts and allow for minor diffe re n ce s among
es ta b lis h m en ts in the spe cific duties p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e su r v ey s are conducted on a sample b a s is becau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y cost involved in surveying all e s ta b lis h m en ts .
To
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m inim um c ost, a g r e a t e r proportion of
la rg e than of s m a l l esta blish m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
h ow ev er , all es t a b l is h m e n t s are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
tim a te s b as e d on the esta blis h m en ts studied are presen te d, t h er efo r e,
as relating to all es ta blis h m en ts in the industry grouping and a re a,
except fo r those below the m in im u m s ize studied.

O ccupational em plo ym ent e s tim ates r e p r es e n t the total in all
e sta blish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually surveyed.
B ec a u s e of d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure
among e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s of occupational employment o b ­
tained f r o m the s a m p le of esta blis h m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jobs studied. T h ese d iffe ren ces in o c c u ­
pational stru cture do not m a t e r i a l ly affect the acc u r ac y of the e a r n ­
ings data.

Occupations and Earn ings
The occupations s elected for study are c om m o n to a variety of
man ufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and a re of the fo ll o w ­
ing t y p es : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (Z) p r o fe s s io n a l and technical; (3) m a i n ­
tenance and powerp lant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v e m e n t . O c ­
cupational c la s s if i c a t i o n is base d on a unifo rm set of job d escription s
designed to take account of in te resta b lish m en t variation in duties within
the sa m e jo b . Th e occupations selected for study a r e listed and d e ­
s c r ib e d in the appendix. The earnings data following the job title s are
for all i n d u s tries c om b in ed. Earnings data for some of the occupations
lis ted and d e s c r i b e d , or for so m e industry divisions within occupations,
a re not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because either ( l ) e m p lo y ­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m e r it
pr ese n ta tio n , or (Z) there is p ossibility of d is c lo s u re of individual e s ­
tablishm ent data.




E s ta b lis h m en t P r a c t i c e s and Su pplemen tary Wage P rov ision s
Ta bulations on selected establis h m en t pr a ctic es and s u pp le ­
m e n t a r y wage pro vis ion s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is c olle cted biennially in
this a rea.
T h es e tabulations on m i n im u m entrance s a la r i e s for i n e x ­
perienced wom en office w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; scheduled weekly
h ou rs; paid holidays; paid vacation s; and health, insu ra nce, and pension
plans
are presen te d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previous bulletins
for this area.

1

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Albuquerque, N. M ex. , 1
by m ajor industry d iv isio n ,2 A p ril 1967

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions________________________________________
Manufa c tur ing----------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing______________________________ __
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 _______________________
W holesale trade 6 ______________________________
Retail trade 6____________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate 6 ______
Services 6 7 _____________________________________

Number of establishments

Workers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study^

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

_

131

86

28 ,0 0 0

100

2 3 ,8 7 0

50
-

28
103

25
61

5, 500
22 ,5 0 0

20
80

5, 360
1 8 ,5 1 0

50
50
50
50
50

16
13
42
11
21

13
8
20
7
13

5, 000
900
6, 200
1,400
9, 000

18
3
22
5
32

4, 590
520
3, 860
1, 200
8, 340

1 The Albuquerque Standard M etropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through A p ril 1966, con sists of B ernalillo
County. The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of
the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes
for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com piled considerably
in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishm ents by
industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair serv ice , and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
The local transit system in the Albuquerque area is m unicipally
operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual establishment data.
7 H otels; personal s erv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit mem bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural se rv ice s.

About on e-fifth of the workers within scope of the survey in the Albuquerque area
w ere employed in manufacturing firm s .
The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

Ordnance and a c c e s s o r ie s ______42
Food products-------------------------------- 21
Stone, clay, and glass
p ro d u cts________________________ 13
Lumber and wood products
(except furn itu re)______________ 6

Ordnance and a c c e s s o rie s _____ 42
C oncrete, gypsum, and
plastic products------------------------- 11
B akery products_________________ 9
D airy products___________________ 8

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of. the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table Z a re indexes and pe rcenta ges of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of office c le ric a l w o rkers and industrial n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnings of s elected plant w orker gro u p s . Th e indexes
a re a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a given tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a percent of
w ages during the b a s e period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I9 60 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 f r o m the index
y ie ld s the p e rc e n ta ge change in wages f r o m the b ase period to the
date of the index.
The percen ta ges of change or i n c r e a s e relate to
wage changes bet ween the indicated da tes.
T h es e e s t im a t e s are
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s for the a re a; they are not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the establis h m en ts in the a re a.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant weights r efle ct base year
em p lo y m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s i b l e .
The a vera ge (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m ult ip lied by the occupation weight, and the
products fo r all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregate s
fo r Z consecutive y e a r s w e r e

relate d

by

dividing

the

agg regate for

the la te r y ear by the a gg re ga te for the e a r li e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e la ti v e , l e s s 100 pe rc e n t, shows the pe rcenta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y e a r relative (100) by the relative
fo r the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to m ultiply (compound)
each y e a r ' s r ela tive by the prev ious y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the following occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the s elec ted key occupations within an occupational
group was a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em plo ym en t
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en):
B ook keep in g-m ach in e operators,

S killed maintenance (m en ):

O ffice clerical (m e n and w om en)—

Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
M echanics
M echanics (au tom otive)
Pa inters

Continued

class B
C lerks, accounting, classes
A and B

Stenographers, general

Clerks, f ile , classes
A , B, and C

Switchboard operators, classes

C lerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om p to m eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls

T ab u latin g-m ach in e operators,

T a b le 2.

Secretaries
Stenographers, senior
A and B

Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers

class B
Typists, classes A and B

Unskilled plant (m en):

Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Indexes of standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Albuquerque, N . M ex. ,
A pril

1967 and A p ril 19 66 , and percents of increase for selected periods

Indexes

Percents o f increase

(M ay 1961=100)
O ccup ation al group

A p ril 1966
A p ril 1967

O ffic e c leric a l (m e n and w o m e n )---------------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n )-------------S k illed m aintenance ( m e n ) --------------------------U nskilled p lant ( m e n ) --------------------------------------

D ata do not m e e t p ub lication criteria.




1 1 8 .8
( M
( M

124. 2

April 1966

A p ril 1965

A p ril 1964

A p ril 1963

M ay 1962

M ay 1961

to
A p ril 1967

to

to
A p ril 1965

to
A p ril 1964

to

to

to

A p ril 1963

M ay 1962

M ay 1961

A p ril 1966

M ay 1960

1 1 5 .4

3 .0

3 .0

3 .4

3 9

1 .9

2 .3

2 .2

(l >
(1)
1 2 0 .0

(l)
(* )
3. 5

( ')

(l )

( M

(l )

i 1)

(1)
3 .7

( )
(* )
3 .0

(*)
(*>
.9

3 .6

( M

( M

5. 1

3 .3

4
F o r office c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends rela te to weekly s a la r i e s fo r the n o r m a l workw eek, ex clu sive
of earnings at o v e r t im e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k er gro ups,
they
m e a s u r e changes in a vera ge
s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly earnings,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v e r t i m e and for wo rk on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The p e rc e n ta ge s are based on data for
se lected key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the la bor fo rce can cause i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a verages without actual wage c h an g es. It is c on ceiv ab le
that even though all esta blis h m en ts in an a re a gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
a vera ge wages may have declined b e c a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g es ta b lis h m en ts
entered the area or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , w a g es
m ay have remained relativ ely constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
m ay have risen considerably b ec au se h i g h e r -p a y in g es t a b lis h m e n t s
entered the a rea.

Lim itations of Data
The indexes and p e rc e n ta g e s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
( l ) general s a la r y and
wage chan ges,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s while in the sa m e jo b , and (3) changes in a vera ge
wages due to changes in the labor fo r c e resulting f r o m la bor turn ­
over, fo r c e ex pansions, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p lo yed by es ta blis h m en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em p lo y m en t weights elim in a te s the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each job
included in the data. The pe rc e n ta ge s of change r e fle c t only changes
in a vera ge pay for s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work s c h ed ules, as such, or by p r e m i u m pay
fo r o v e r t i m e .
Data w ere adjusted w h e re n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the indexes and percenta ge s of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex., April 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Se x, o ccu p a tio n , and in d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

•Number of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w e e k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING,

CLAj ^ 8

A ----- --------

$
55

$

S

60

65

$
70

$
75

$
80

1 0 7 .0 0

4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0

0 3 .0 0

55

60

9 8 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

0 0 .0 0

6 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0
110 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
QL Af . _ 1i 97 AA
70#WU
f »•UU

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

74 50
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

6 6 . 5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 0 .0 0

66

00

AD U v - 7 A AA
O fa A A
f*f#UU
i. A AA_ #4»0U
0 4 *U U “ 7 A Art

85

4

2

f 0 «UU

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

75

80

3

70

0 0 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

65

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

4 0 .5

$

$
95

100

$
105

2

2

9

3
3

90

95

3

10Q

105

110

2

7 7 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

/ n .G
40o

90

$
$
1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

16

$

S

85

$
110

s

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

145
and

3

$
1 0 9 .0 0

40. J

CLASS

4 0 .0

t6

ACCOUNTING,

18

16

CLERKS,

50

and
un d e r
50

MEN

f.

$
45

6

115

4

125

130

2

4

120

2

2

”

~

4
3

135

140

~

~

2

5

g

2

8

3
3

32

16

145

o ve r

2

~

2

4

6

2

2

4

“

“

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
CLASS A

OPERATORS,

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

OPERATORS,

r L t K P O f A bbm U Nt t Mry C L A S S
A r r U im I IN b
b i c d i/ c
Kinw MAKIIIC AT TllD T No
(lUNrlAINUrAt 1UK 1 Kir
c i cDitc
A rrn iiM T T w r
bbfcK K of A t U U U N IIN b f C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ——*
MOMMA Ml 1C AT TlUK T Mf
NU NnA NU rAL 1 ID 1 No

A8
3^
0

112

29
83

1f
ID
11

n b c K IS o f c tL t f I L Aao o
r i cc
b coife
U i c
MOMMA Ml U rA b I U K I No 8
C
N U N n A N 1 ATTl ID T MO

42

40 5

71
71 * 00

r i coi/c
n KU cK
LLfcKIvot U n n c o
KIOAI UAKIIICrA b1U K 1Nb
N U N M AN U ATTllDT AiO

on
2U

4 0 *0

7 5 *5 0

7 4 *0 0

^ n *n
4 0 .0

OT* Krt
8 7 .5 0

8 3 *8 ®
84. 50

71, 5U“ 07 • UU
It)# C A—
f AA
70 A A— QA Crt
1 b«U U* 77#!)U

30
20

IfCVDIIMf'U U r C K A IU K o f C L A S S
N t Y r U N t n ODCDATODC
MOMMA Ml U rAP Tl ID T MO
N U N n A N 1C A U IU K IN o
IfCVOlIMPU U r t K A I U Ko
A t Y rUNUrl ODCDATODC t C L A S S
MOMMA MiU rA t I UID IN o
N U N n A N tCAPTt K T MO

8

37

c r r o c a n t co
jctnt.ta im c c 3
h
n H iiu rn o «ur\ k iio
AfOAl M AAll ICArTllO T MP
NUNnANUrAb 1 UKINb
DIIDI i r IITT1 I TIC _„4
rUoLIb U 1ILl 1 it
C C rD C lAKltrof
otbKt TA D TC C

PI AC<
LLAo'
MOMMA Ml U rA bTl ID T MP
N U N n A N 1C AP 1UK 1Nb

CCPDCTADTCC
OcbKc|AKicot

PI AC<
tLA o '
MOMMA Ml |CA PTl U KT MP
NUNnANUr A t 1 ID 1Nb
DIIDI i b IITTI TTTP
TP Ulit-illc
rUDL

.4
„

C t P D t A D i C C . PI AC<
v C t n C iT AH T t v I t L Aw «
MOMMA N ICAPTIIDTM P
N U NrlAMl U rAt 1U K I Nb
CTCM O PDA DU CDC. b e Nt r
o 1t N U b K A r rlCK o f PCMCC
MAKI1IC A b 1U K IN b
n A N U rAPTIID f MP
MOMMA Ml 1C APTIIDT MP
NUNnANUrAb1UKINb
DIIQI TP UtlLllIt :c4
rUULlb IIT T I TTTC:o

See footnotes at end of table.




in *

4 0 .0

41
508
AA
4U

cn

101* 50 105 50

22

3 9 *5

6 9 *5 0

i! ! ' ! !
"n 1 1 0 * 0 0

2 n *n

4 0 *0

1 0 9 .0 0
1

48

7 0 *0 0

16

25

14

21
21

1
**

OL.

f
t

1 CA
Id o
TOC
lc D

tn*n

li

iio*nn

20

4 0 *0

1 0 9 *5 0

1 0 9 *5 0

1 0 4 *5 0

O O t C A —"1U O * DU
7 7 5 U i A 7 CA
1 0 6 *0 0 1 AU # U A — 1 A O CA
lU A A U —1U7#DU

1iTfDt CA—1 f 3 # AA
l
DU—X 55 UU
1 1 5 DU—1f 5 « UU
1 1 3« C A — 1 5 3 Art
OA AA— 1fD^ t ftA
7o#UU“ l A DU

d d t AA—
la wv"

39

40 0

8A*

8 3 *5 0

o^*Rn
ni

80 0 0

7 A * U U—
iH A A *

75 C A —
ff*!>U*
77 crt—
» 3*DU—

Oft . U U
7 7 AA
AC # 0 A
AU
tD
OC crt
75«5U
oc Art
7D*UU

6

1
1

2

2

5

3

4

3

2

2

2
2^

3
6
1 n
1u

'
1 '

2

1

14
12
•
5

z

3

3

3

2
2

1
1

9

2

7

_

2
1
1

3

10
1
1

3

3

Z7

5

3
3

1
1

2

•
>
Z

g

2

2

3
2

2

1

£

1

j

8

5
2
1

3

10

7
2

1

14

2

1 DA AA—T 55 Art
ifHtUU— 133•UU
T DA Art—T 55 CA
IfH*UU*lJf• DU

1 2 8 *0 0

ln*n
*

15

la
AA— I5« AA
OU#UU* 7K U U
ftO t3t
A— 7ft U U
D 7 fU
I7« AA

1 2 4 *0 0

4 0 *0

9

1n

DO U U.1lUO •UU
07t AA * A o AA

4 0 *0

323

£

0 7 t U u * lUAftt Df A
t
7 l Art— i O
U

Tv f t AA—Ti1 Dt DU
i AD UU“ i O CA
*
i u ’!n
9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 no’in 1 0 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0
05 •CA— 1 DC AA
7f
!>U*lf!)*UU
109 #00

11

1
1

75 t U U * o i •UU
i c Art— Q1 AA
T D# U U * o l« U U
f
l2 Art— OI Art

C L b K Is^ t DAVDOI 1
.
b 1 COIfC
r AYKU Lu
MOM M AMl 1C APTllDT MO
NUNHANUr Ab 1U K 1 Nb

19
19

1

2

7

X3

13
1

2

53
^4
-1
»
1

2

2

1

125
7
4

2
68
1

2

2

8

20
~

8

g

5
15

2
•j

Xz

2

1n
XU

2
1

][

3
•%
2

9

8

2
2

<
7

49

1

8

1

64
8

2
6

9
8

J J3

52
48

16
43

2

6

*

”

32

16

8

8
5

1
1
1

5

1

“

4
4

17
1 -7
Xt

39

53

15

1

1

^2

^2

*2

1

1

1
1

■j

j!
1

*
1

fX

2
2

1

1

70

c1
D1
1

1

12
12

14
1

53
2

2

ID
13

D
f

2

2
2

7

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex., April 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry divis

3f
ikers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-•time weekly earnings of—
$

Mean23
4

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

45

50

$

55

$

60

$

$

65

70

$
75

$

80

$

$

85

90

$

$
95

100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$

S

125

130

$
135

$
140

and
under

145
and

50

55

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

-

4
4

3
2

5
5

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

-

3

13

21
7
14

10
3
7

14
3
11

11
8
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

13

9
7
2

-

-

3

5
3
2

3

-

12
4
8

2

-

6
6

2
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

1
1

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

-

1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

"

1
1

-

-

13
13

15
15

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

60

65

70

-

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

CO NTINUED
STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

103
35
68

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
96.50
98.00
95.50

$
97.50
98.00
97.50

$
$
84.00- 107.00
91.50- 1 1 0 . 0 0
81.00- 106.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

32
31

40.0
40.0

70.00
70.50

66.00
66 •50

57.00- 82.00
57.50- 82.50

3
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

29
21

40.5
40.5

77.00
76.00

74.00
72.50

62.50- 87.50
59.GO- 84.50

-

-

7
7

1
1

3
2

5
2

1

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

105
91

40.0
40 .G

85.50
88.00

90.50
92.00

72.DO- 98.00
75 .50- 99.00

_

-

-

-

-

16
6

11
10

9

-

6
6

9

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
41

40.5
40.5

72.00
71.50

71.00
70.50

6 6 .0 0 - 79.50
65.50- 77.50

-

-

1
1

8
8

11
11

12
11

2
1

5

1

5

-

5

3

4
3

5
4

“

5
5

21
21

2
2

2
2

“

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the
higher rate.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex., April 1967)
Weekly earnings1
{ standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

A upmctis
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of------*

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

— ——————— — ————

108

n p \ A r T C MFfM f
U l A p 1 o n c li

1————————————— ——
—

109

$

*

$

$

$

$

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

210

1

1

3

2

4

22

18

14

14

10

1

1

11

10

5

g
g

14
14

2

g

10
10

3
3

5

£

9
5

40.0 140.00 139.50 132.50-152.50

134

$

115

40.0 ^73.00 174.00 16 2.50-185.50

n o AA r C U n Ml N | l / iL A o o L ————— ——————— ——
r
a c t
r
............. .. .
...
.
U iv C T i o E t ii
f u u I'In a m iic * t 1 m 1 IMu
iM n M u A iN U r A r T iU K r A ir
————————— ————

$

110

$

DRAFTSMEN* CLAS S A
P
D

$

105

95

r i L A rL p
U A o j

$

$

10 0

and
under

$

90

$

$

$

95

2

Under
Mean2

$

$

90

40.0 116.50 114.00 101.00-130.50
119.00 116.00 10 8.50-137.00

11
q

3

3
27
26

10

8

l

g

8

5

2
5
1
1

10
g

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex., April 1967)
A V ;rage
€

o
f
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

OF FI CE OCCUPA TI ON S

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E CPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

17

40.5

$
87.50

BOOKKEEP IN G- MA CH IN E CPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

58
51

40.0
40.5

71.00
70.00

40.0 108.00
40.0 108.00

66
44

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 6 -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 3 --------------

128
35
93
17

40.0
40.0
40.5
40.0

76.00
79.00
74.50
79.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS E --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
44

40.5
40.5

72.50
72.50

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

40
32

40.0
40.0

84.50
81.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

32
20

40.0
40.0

86.50
87.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

25
22

98.50
40.0
40.0 101.50

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S - C O NT IN UE D

- CONT IN UE D

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Number
of
workers

41
37

21

3 9 .5

$
6 9 .5 0

3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0

4 0 .C

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

105
35
70

40.0
40.0
40.C

$
96.50
98.00
95.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

32
31

40.0
40.0

70.00
70.50

SWITCHB0ARD 0 P ER AT 0R -R EC EP TI ON I STSNO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

29
21

40. 5
40.5

77.00
76.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

108
94

40. C
40.0

86.50
89.00

44
41

40.5
40.5

72.00
71.50

6 7 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S 3------------MA NU FACTURING ------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

549
41
508
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG —

48
47

4 0 .0
4 C .0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

156
125
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 C 9 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------------------------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ■

331

4 0 .0

1 0 3 .5 0

323

4 0 .0

1 0 4 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECH NI CA L
OC CU PA TI ON S

82
15
67
41

4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A

--------------------------------------------

108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS

--------------------------------------------

109

40.0 140.00

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

159
140

40.0 117.50
40.0 1 2 0 . 0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING -----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0

8

o
o

Number

■f

Occupation and industry division

173.00

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than Chose presented separately.




9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex., April 1967)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
Occupation and industry division

$

Number
of
workers

2

Median 2

Middle range

2

$

2.40
and
under

$

$

$

$

t

2.90

2.50 2. 60 2.70 2.83

3.00 3.10

$

$

$

$

$

3.40

3.20 3.30

3.50 3.60 3.70

$

$

$

$

3.80

3.90

-

2.50 2.60 2.70 2*80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4 . PC

3.71
3.71

$
$
3.44- 3.76
3.34- 3.76

3.43
3.06
3.63

3.62
2.97
3.65

3.08- 3.68
2.91- 3.18
3.61- 3.69

64
60

3.4C
3.39

3.19
3.19

3.12- 3.77
3.13- 3.76

20

2.72

2.75

2.59- 2. 80

EL E C T R I C I A N S , MA I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

50
25

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AI NT EN AN CE ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING -

74
26
48

ME CH A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----OI LE RS

$

3.58
3.52

$

2
2

1
1

2
2

l
1
-

6

1

13
13

19

1
-

-

1
3
1

4

1
1

-

3
3

4
4

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




2
2

-

1 2
3
3

-

23
23

6
6

2
1

3
-

6
-

1

-

31

1

31

26
14
12
5
7

2 2 - 8
2 2 - 6

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex,, April 1967)
Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight--time hourly earnings of—
&
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.40 1.50 1*60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0

of
M ean 3

M edian 3

Middle

Under
range 3 $
and
1.40 under

1.50 1.60 1*70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------

224

$
2.85

$
3.31

$
$
2.43- 3.40

43

3

4

2 .10

$
2 .2 0

.40 2.50 2 . 60 2 .70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60
2 . 2 0 2.30 2 .

1

1

6

-

72
72
15

31
1
30
-

43
39
4
“

2
1
1
1

21
18
3

23
23
-

4
2
2

1
1
-

21

-

-

2

2

3

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
,
2,
.30 2.40 2 . 50 2 .60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.CO 3.1C 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50

WATCHMEN:
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

16

1.58

1.61

1.47- 1.78

-

6

2

4

-

3

-

287
70
217
35

2 .0 1
2.16
1.97
2.13

2 .2 2
2.41
2 .2 1
2.24

1.711.751.701.83-

2.34
2.46
2.28
2.29

21
21
-

23
3
20
1

10
3
7
3

14
8
6
2

29
22
2

11
2
9
3

12
6
6
1

5
5
-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

240
103
137
101

2.52
2.18
2.78
3.15

2.58
2.17
3.23
3.26

2.062.032.383.21-

3.24
2.29
3.29
3.31

_
-

6
6

2
2

22
8
14

2
2

14
12
2

3
1
2

20
18
2

78

2.2 0

2.04

1.95- 2.71

-

-

-

2

4

4

21

2

1

40

59

48

8

1

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2

1

ORDER

FILLERS -----------------------

7

7

7

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

“

3
2
1

15
10
5
5

12
12
12

8
8
-

-

-

-

57
57
57

27
27
27

“

-

2

-

1

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

”

-

11

2
2

7
7

3
3

8
8

1
1

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

5

10

5

2

76

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

5
2

2

-

“

76
75

-

SHIPPING --------------------

18

1.79

1.88

1.64- 1.97

-

3

-

4

1

2

6

-

2

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

44
31

2.70
2.74

2.80
2.96

2.25- 3.06
2.18- 3.13

-

_

-

1
1

5
5

-

“

3
3

-

-

2
“

-

-

-

“

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

19
19

2.09
2.09

1.99
1.99

1.92- 2.18
1.92- 2.18

_

_

_

6
6

*

_

-

_

1
1

-

-

6
6

_

-

2
2

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

“

-

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

342
168
174
79

2.52
2.35
2.6 8
3.30

2.41
2.36
3.07
3.35

2.162.271.973.32-

_

3

17

2

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

17

2

5

10
1
9

12
1
11

28
19
9

15
9
6

19
18
1

58
57
1

46
44
2

13
10
3

4
2
2

4
1
3

8
6
2
2

~

PACKERS,

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

47
44

2.31
2.33

2.08
2.08

3.08
2.45
3.34
3.37

1.95- 2.98
1.94- 3.00

~

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

10 0
54
46

2.39
2.27
2.53

2.33
2.31
2.58

2.19- 2.58
2.23- 2.37
1.92- 3.32

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

41
24

2.74
2.35

2.59
2.44

2.42- 3.32
2.09- 2.54

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

81
81

2.38
2.38

2.39
2.39

2.33- 2.45
2.33- 2.45

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

79
67

2.56
2.50

2.72
2.71

2.29- 2.77
2.27- 2.76

_

~

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------

45

2.74

2.92

2.52- 2.98

1
1

-

_

_

~

”

-

1
2
3
4
5

_

2

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

“

2

3

2

1

4
1
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

~

~

_

_

-

-

“

-

_

_

-

-

~

~

“

_

Data limited to men workers.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.




4
4

6
6
4
-

4

_

11
9
1
1
“

4
4

9
7

2

_

_

1

“

“

_

“

“

“

-

~

2

14

—

2

“

~

1
1

8
8

4
4

2
2

1
1

_

_

1

2

2

12

'

"

33
33

~

_

_

14

1
1

_

“

_

_

3

*

_

9
9

2

“

_

1
1

5
5

2

-

_

1
1

2

36

23
22
1

~

“

1
1

1
1

9
9

2
2

-

4

-

4

7

~

4

1
1

11

4

11

7

1

2

7

_

~

_

5
~

9
6
3

18
17
1

7
7

_

_

-

~

2
-

3

~

"

"

~

_

_

36

4
3

_

'

3
“
8

-

~

37
37

~

2

5

-

18

7

-

-

'

‘

"

3

-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau1s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billin g machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shiDoincr charges J and entrv of necessarv extensions
X X
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections o f
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type o f billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material,. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination o f the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a num erical an d/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-d ay work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETA R Y— Co nti nue d
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate office r," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25, (XX) persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

14

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
c o lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e&ension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

15

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group o f
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation o f the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

16

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effe ct of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pen cil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing acciden t reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow in g: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




17

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety o f
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following; Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following; Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the follow ing:
Laying out o f work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

19

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

20

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type o f con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer capacity. )
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1
tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

■fr U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967---- 253*607/77

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins m a y b e purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A rea

Bulletin number
and price

1465-61,
153 0 -4 2 ,
1465-7 2,
1 530-55 ,
15 30-4 1,
153 0 -5 1 ,
1465-82,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
40 cents

1465 -77,
15 30-6 ,

20 cents
25 cents

1530 -3 8,
1530-5 2,
1530 -5 8,
1465-7 0,
1465 -6 7,
15 30 -8 ,
14 65-6 8,
15 30-5 6,
15 30-1 3,
15 30-2 0,
1530-2 5,

1530- 18,
1465 -76,
15 30 -35,
15 30-5 9,
1530 -46,
1 530- 17,
1465-7 3,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1465-65,
1 530-7,
1530-2 3,
14 65 -66,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

15 30-1 9,
1530-45,
1530-3 2,
15 30-4 4,
15 30-4 8,
1530 -2 8,
15 30-5 ,
1465-7 4,
14 65-8 5,
15 30-3 7,

30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1966 1___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1________________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1 9 66_____________________________
San Bernardino—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San Diego, Cal if., Nov. 1966 1____________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1967 1_____________
San Jose, C alif., Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1966 1________________________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966__________________________________
Seattle—Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966________________________

15 30-2 7,
15 30-3 3,
1465 -78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465 -69,
15 30-3 ,
15 30-2 2,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

15 30-4 3,
15 30 -3 9,
15 30-2 6,
14 65-8 0,
15 3 0 -1 ,

20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1465 -5 9,
15 30-4 9,
14 65-7 9,
15 30-4 ,
1530 -4 0,
1530-3 1,
14 65 -8 4,

30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19 67_______________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1 9 66________________________________
Tampa—
St. Petersburg, F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 _____________
Toledo, Ohio—M i c h ., Feb. 1967 1_________________________
Trenton, N .J., Dec. 1966 1___ _____________________________
Washington, D . C . —Md.— a . , Oct. 1966 1_________________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1967_____________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_______________________________
Wichita, K a n s ., Oct. 1966 1________________________________
W o r ce s te r, M a s s ., June 1966 1___________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1967--------------- ------------------------------------------Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966-----------------------------

1530- 12,
1530 -57,
1465-75,
1530 -9,
1 53 0-50 ,
1530-34,
1530 -15,
15 30-5 4,
1530 -21,
1530-1 1,
14 65-8 3,
15 30 -47,
15 30-2 9,

20
20
20
25
30
25
30
20
25
25
25
25
25

15 30-5 3,
14 65-7 1,
15 30-3 0,
1465-6 3,
1465-5 6,
1 5 30 -2 ,
15 30-1 6,

Buffalo, N . Y . , Dec. 1966 1________________________________
Burlington, V t . , Mar. 1967 1_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1967__________________________________
Charleston, W. V a . , Apr. 1966 1 ________________________
Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 1966 1
_____________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n - G a . , Sept. 1966 1___________________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1 ________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1967___________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1__________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1_____________________________
Dallas, Tex ., Nov. 1966 1------------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—M o lin e, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1________________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967___________________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966________________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967____________________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
Fort Worth, T ex ., Nov. 1966 1__________________________
Green Bay, W i s . , Aug. 1966 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S .C ., May 1966 1____________________________
Houston, T ex ., June 1966 1 _____._________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966____________________________


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment
Data on
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Bulletin number
and price

30cents Milwaukee, W i s ., Apr. 1966_______________________________
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19 67 1_______________
25cents Minneapolis—
20cents Muskegon—Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1966 1 --------Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1967_______________
25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967______________________________
30cents New Orleans, La., Feb. 1967 1____________________________
30cents New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1______________________________
25cents Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
20cents
Hampton, Va., June 1966________________________________
25cents Oklahoma City, O k la ., Aug. 1966 1_______________________
25cents
Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1966___________________________
30cents Pater son—
Clifton— a s s a i c , N.J., May 1966 1 ___________
P
25cents Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1966 1______________________
20cents Phoenix, A r i z . , Mar. 1967________________________________
25cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
25cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966_______________________________
30cents Portland, O reg.—Wa sh., May 1966 1______________________
Warwick, R.I.—M a s s . ,
30cents Providence—Pawtucket—
May 1966 ___________________________________________________
25cents
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1966_________________________________
30 cents
30 cents
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966_________________________________
30cents Rockford, 111., May 1966 1 ________________________________

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N .Y ., Apr. 1966 1 -------------T
Albuquerque, N. M e x . , Apr. 1967_______________________
Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.— J . ,
N.
Feb. 1967____ ______________________________ _______________
Atlanta, G a . , May 1966 1 _________________________________
Baltim ore, M d . , Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
Beaumont—Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1966 1____
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1966___________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1___________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Oct. 1966________________________________

Jackson, M i s s . , Feb. 1967_______________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1967 1__________________________
Kansas City, Mo.— a n s ., Nov. 1966_____________________
K
Lawrence—
Hav erhill, M a s s .—N.H., June 1966 1 ----------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1_____
Los Angeles—Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden Grove , C alif., Mar. 1966 1
____________________
Louisville, K y . -I n d . , Feb. 1967 1__________ ____ _________
Lubbock, Tex ., June 1966 1______________________________
Manchester, N .H ., Aug. 1966 1--------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1967________________________
A
Miami, F la ., Dec. 1966___________________________________
Midland and O dessa , Tex., June 1966 1 -------------------------

Area

14 65-8 1,
14 65-6 0,
15 30-6 0,

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102