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Area Wage Survey
Dav^O

The Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

B u lle tin N o. 1 5 3 0 -4 9




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Area Wage Survey

The Louisville, Kentucky—Indiana, Metropolitan Area




February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-49
April 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




C on ten ts

P refa ce

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for geographic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual met­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied___________________________________________________
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
percents of increase for selected periods_______________________
A. Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_______________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
menand women—
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and power plant occupations__________________
A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations___________
B.




3
4
6
9
10
11
12

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers__
B -2. Shift differentials__________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________
B -4. Paid holidays_______________________________________________
B -5. Paid vacations______________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________
B -7. Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents___________________________________________
B -8. Premium pay for overtime work__________________________

21
22

Appendixes:
A. Change in occupational description:Secretary___________________
B. Occupational descriptions________________________________________

23
25

Eighty-six areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., in February 1967. The Standard Met­
ropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through April 1966, consists of Jefferson County,
Ky. ; and Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind. This study was
conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Cleveland,
Ohio, John W. Lehman, Director; by Emery Seeman, under
the direction of Edward Chaiken. The study was under the
general direction of Elliott A. Browar, Assistant Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.

1
4

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Louisville area, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; local-transit operating employees; and
motortruck drivers, helpers, and allied occupations.

iii

14
15
16
17
18
20




Area W age Survey----The Louisville, Ky.—Inch, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
This area is 1 of 86 in which the U .S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data were
obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to repre­
sentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted, because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees
receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for
overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide esti­
mates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in
individual establishments.
Similarly, differences in average pay
levels for men and women in any of the selected occupations should
not be assumed to reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes
within individual establishments.
Other possible factors which may
contribute to differences in pay for men and women include: Differ­
ences in progression within established rate ranges, since only the
actual rates paid incumbents are collected; and differences in specific
duties performed, although the workers are appropriately classified
within the same survey job description.
Job descriptions used in
classifying employees in these surveys are usually more generalized
than those used in individual establishments and allow for minor
differences among establishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight.
E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.
Occupations and Earnings*
3
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. The earnings data following
the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some
of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions
within occupations, are not presented in the A -series tables, because
either (1) employment in the occupation is too small to provide enough
data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure
of individual establishment data.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in
all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed.
Because of differences in occupational structure
among establishments, the estimates of occupational employment ob­
tained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate
the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in
occupational structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the
earnings data.
Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they re­
late to plant and office workers. Administrative, executive, and pro­
fessional employees, and force-account construction workers who are
utilized as a separate work force are excluded.
"Plant workers" in­
clude working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees) engaged in nonoffice functions. "Office workers"

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living




1

2
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers (table
B -l) relate only to the establishments visited.
They are presented in
terms of establishments with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment.
Scheduled
weekly hours are those which full-time employees were expected to
work, whether they were paid for at straight-time or overtime rates.
Paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension
plans; and premium pay for overtime work (tables B-4 through B-8)
are treated statistically on the basis that these are applicable to all
plant or office workers if a majority of such workers are eligible or
may eventually qualify for the practices listed.
Sums o c individual
items in tables B -2 through B -8 may not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on holi­
days granted annually on a formal basis; i. e. , (1) are provided for
in written form, or (2) have been established by custom.
Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off.
The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to for­
mal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off with
pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Estimates exclude
vacation-savings plans and those which offer "extended" or "sabbati­
cal" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths of
service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum,
and can industries.
Separate estimates are provided according to
employer practice in computing vacation payments , such as time pay­
ments , percent of annual earnings, or flat-sum amounts. However, in

the tabulations of vacation pay, payments not on a time basis were con­
verted to a time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent of
annual earnings was considered as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Selected health insurance benefits provided em ­
ployees and their dependents are also presented.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions,2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
3
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
Data on overtime premium pay (table B -8 ), the hours after
which premium pay is received and the corresponding rate of pay, are
presented by daily and weekly provisions. Daily overtime refers to
work in excess of a specified number of hours a day regardless of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay period.
Weekly
overtime refers to work in excess of a specified number of hours
per week regardless of the day on which it is performed, the number
of hours per day, or number of days worked.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
contributions.
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.
late shifts.




3

T a b l e 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — d . , 1 b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1967
In
N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s

In d u stry d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S tu d ie d
T o t a l4

S tu d ie d

P la n t
N um ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e ----------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v i c e s 8 -----------------------------------------------------------------

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

.

536

140

1 5 9 ,0 0 0

100

1 1 4 ,1 0 0

2 1 ,4 0 0

1 0 3 ,7 1 0

50
-

2 12
324

61
79

1 0 0 ,6 0 0
5 8 ,4 0 0

63
37

7 9 ,7 0 0
3 4 ,4 0 0

8 , 3 00
1 3 ,1 0 0

7 2 , 600
3 1 , 110

50
50
50
50
50

52
59
108
52
53

20
11
20
15
13

1 7 ,3 0 0
7 , 2 00
1 9 ,9 0 0
7 ,7 0 0
6 , 300

11
4
13
5
4

9 , 600

3 ,4 0 0

1 4 ,1 4 0
2, 850
8, 010
3, 980
2, 130

(? )
( 6)
(!)
( 6)

( 6)
( 6)
( 6)
( 6)

1 T h e L o u i s v i l l e S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f J e f f e r s o n C o u n t y , K y . ; a n d C l a r k a n d F lo y d C o u n t i e s , Ind.
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s
a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l a n d th e 1963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m l i m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f da ta
f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l lo w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n ot
d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t i o n o n ly in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




O v e r t h r e e - f i f t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e L o u i s v i l l e a r e a
w e r e e m p l o y e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r ie s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c t u r in g :
In d u s try g ro u p s
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y -----------------F o o d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------C h e m i c a l s ---------------------------------------T o b a c c o -------------------------------------------M a ch in e ry (e x c e p t e le c t r ic a l) —
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------P r i n t in g a n d p u b l is h i n g --------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ______

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s
16
12
11
10
9
8
6
6

H o u s e h o ld a p p l i a n c e s ----------------- 16
C i g a r e t t e s --------------------------------------- 10
F a r m m a c h in e r y and
e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------5
M o to r v e h ic le s and
e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------5
P l a s t i c s a n d s y n t h e t ic
m a t e r i a l s ------------------------------------5

T h is i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups. The indexes
are a measure of wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of
wages during the base period (date of the area survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 from the index
yields the percentage change in wages from the base period to the
date of the index.
The percentages of change or increase relate to
wage changes between the indicated dates.
These estimates are
measures of change in averages for the area; they are not intended
to measure average pay changes in the establishments in the area.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. These constant weights reflect base year
employments wherever possible.
The average (mean) earnings for
each occupation were multiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group were totaled. The aggregates
for 2 consecutive years were related by dividing the aggregate for
the later year by the aggregate for the earlier year. The resultant
relative, less 100 percent, shows the percentage change. The index
is the product of multiplying the base year relative (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding year and continuing to multiply (compound)
each year's relative by the previous year's index. Average earnings
for the following occupations were used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Louisville, Ky. —Ind. ,
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group
February 1967

February 1966

February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)----------Industrial nurses (men and women)--------Skilled maintenance (m en )-------------------Unskilled plant (men)------------------------------

1 23.7
119.3
118.9
117.4

117.2
113.0
113.6
114.5

5 .5
5 .6
4 .6
2 .5

3 .1
4 .3
3 .0
1 .7

3 .6
0
1 .4
3 .6

3 .1
3 .5
2 .6
3 .6

3 .4
2 .0
3. 1
1 .4

2 .9
2 .6
2 .9
3 .5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)----------Industrial nurses (men and women)--------Skilled maintenance (m en )-------------------Unskilled plant (men)------------------------------

1 21.4
118.6
117.9
118.2

116.8
1 13.4
112.5
1 16.0

4 .0
4 .6
4 .8
1 .8

2 .8
4 .3
2 .9
1. 1

4 .3
0
.9
4 .1

3 .1
3 .9
2 .4
4 .6

1.9
2 .5
3. 1
1.3

3 .7
2. 1
2 .7
4 .1




5
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to weekly salaries for the normal workweek, exclusive
of earnings at overtime premium rates.
For plant worker groups,
they measure changes in average straight-time hourly earnings,
excluding premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The percentages are based on data for
selected key occupations and include most of the numerically important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor force can cause increases or decreases in the
occupational averages without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all establishments in an area gave wage increases,
average wages may have declined because lower-paying establishments
entered the area or expanded their work forces.
Similarly, wages
may have remained relatively constant, yet the averages for an area
may have risen considerably because higher-paying establishments
entered the area.

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percentages of change, as measures of
change in area averages, are influenced by: (l) general salary and
wage changes, (Z) merit or other increases in pay received by
individual workers while in the same job, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor force resulting from labor turn­
over, force expansions, force reductions, and changes in the propor­
tions of workers employed by establishments with different pay levels.




The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job
included in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes
in average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Data were adjusted where necessary to remove from
the indexes and percentages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the survey.

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
In
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f---Number

$

(

*

$

$

woikers

weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

S

%

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

50

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
3
2
2

10
10
-

-

*

3
l
2
1

21
5
16
2

14
6
8
"

27
7
20
2

6
1
5
3

12
8
4
l

12
5
7
6

35
20
15
5

39
27
12
10

25
4
21
21

30
22
8
8

13
12
1
1

_

_

11
11

4
2

15
11

33
4

4
2

2
1

38
18

18
18

18
16

3
3

4
4

-

-

-

2
2

1

-

-

-

*

-

19

-

6

2

5

1

14

11

-

6

6

-

6

-

9
8
1

_
-

5
1
4

_
-

1
1

_
-

1
1
"

_
“

-

~

2
2
~

_
~

“

3

1

11

1

2

10

2

6
3

6
4

10
8

1

_

_

45
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
u n d er

and

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

252
131
121
62

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
$
$
1 2 3 .0 0 1 2 7 .5 0 1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 1 3 0 . 0 0 1 1 5 . 0 0 - 1 4 1 . 0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 1 2 3 . 0 0 1 0 5 . 5 0 - 1 3 5 . 0 0
1 2 9 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 1 2 4 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

155
94

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

CLERKS, ORDE R -------------------------

76

4 0 .0

1 0 7 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

150
54
96

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

6 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

5 9 .5 0 - 7 7 .0 0
6 4 . 5 0 - 8 5 .0 0
5 7 .5 0 - 7 3 .0 0

2
2

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------

34

4 0 .0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

-

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

51
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

73
43
30

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 7 9 .5 0 -

9 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

-

-

“

~

3
3

6
4
2

4
3
1

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

49
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 0 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

5 9 .5 0 5 9 .5 0 -

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

_

4
4

9
9

7
7

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

69
39
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_
-

_
~

_
-

_

41
41

32
16
16

16
7
9

20
12
8

5
2
3

7
4
3

1
1

“

8
8

~

4

1
1

1
1

6
2

4

1
1

3
2

5
5

"

14
12
2

12
11
1

10
10
“

20
2
18

1
1
~

9
9

11
11

6
6

_

_

_

1

11

14
13
1

9
9

9
9

-

3

4
4

~

3

~

”

_

_

4
4

1

1

49
24
25
9

35

15
10
5
5

20
20
-

7

8
8
“

13
7

6
6

1
1

WOMEN

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 65
55
110

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

6 3 . 5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
6 1 . 0 0 - 8 2 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

275
1 56
1 19
48

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------------

8 41
1 80
6 61

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 5 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

6 6 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 7 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
6 4 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139
37
1 02

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

6 0 . 5 0 - 8 0 .0 0
6 3 . 5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
6 0 . 0 0 - 7 6 .0 0

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




-

2

-

-

-

2

1

11

_

_

-

-

27
4
23

21
2
19

37
3
34

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

33

34
1
33

1 24
14
110

105
11
94

120
13
1 07

70

-

33

9

5
4

3
3

6
5
1

8
2
6

23
22
1

27
12
15

1

7
3

11
8
3

19
8
11

29
16
13
6

27

57
19
38

98
44
54

95
11

29
25

84

4

28
8
20

4
84
14

_

_

30

41

18

7

9

-

-

4
26

8
33

4
14

4
3

3
6

1

10
17

5

5
30
13

5
5

—

_

3

3
3

-

10
10

“

_

_
“

1

2

-

-

1

2

1

_

1

-

6

6
1
1

_

_

-

_
~

_
-

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

“

-

26
25
1
1

13
12
1
1

8
4
4
4

5
2
3
3

3
3
-

-

-

-

~

~

-

-

"

6

2

-

6

2

-

8
8

5

6

_

_

8

2

2

3

_

-

5

-

8

2

1
1

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

'

-

_
-

“

“
-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .—
Ind., F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours1
workers (standard) Mean2

*

Number
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

$
45

and
under

50

$

i
55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$

s
90

95

$

$
100

105

$

$
110

115

$
120

$

$

$
125

130

135

S
140

150
and

-

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

-

-

64
64

42
34

7
6

7

1

2
2

31
29

36
24

32
20

7
5

3
3

20
13
7

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

28
21

14
8

26
20

1

_

14

_

26
9
17

50
24
26

18
9
9

28
21
7

25
9
16

8
7
1

8
8

14

130

135

140

150

over

_

_

_

-

-

_

5
5
-

_

2
2

4
1
3

-

-

_
“

-

10

3

4
4

1
1
-

_

-

-

-

4

12
8
4

125

120

WOME N - C O NT IN UE D
CLERKS. FILE, CLAS S C --------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

121
104

38.5
38.5

$
60.00
58.50

$
60.00
59.00

$
$
57.50- 63.50
57 .0 0- 62.00

CLERKS, ORDE R ------------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

195
129

40.0
40.0

72.50
69.00

69.50
67.50

62.00- 84.00
60.50- 79.00

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

230
130
100

39.5
39.5
39.5

88.00
90.50
84.50

85.00
90.50
83.00

78.50- 97.00
80 .5 0-104.00
77.00- 93.50

_
-

_
-

5
5

C O M P TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

129
33
96

39.0
89.00
39.0 101.00
39.5
84.50

88.00
98.00
77.00

70 .5 0- 11 2. 50
89 .5 0- 10 7. 50
64.5 0- 11 6. 00

4

8
8

12

6

-

-

-

-

12

6

14

11
3
8

3
1
2

10
5
5

8
3
5

13
8
5

6
5
1

1
1

1

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

203
69
134

39.5 96.50
39.5
89.00
39.5 100.50

92.00
85.00
97.00

80 .0 0-117.50
79.00- 99.50
82 .5 0- 12 1. 50

~

-

-

_
-

8
1
7

19
7
12

23
12
11

23
15
8

21
3
18

19
10
9

11
5
6

9
4
5

7
7

KE YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

412
154
258
53

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

78.00
82.00
75.00
85.00

73.00
82.00
70.00
75.00

66 .50- 90.50
69.50- 93.00
65 .50- 82.50
67.50- 10 5. 00

4
4
-

2
2

5
5
1

66
18
48
7

97
24
73
12

52
20
32
7

31
11
20
4

33
11
22
3

16
2
14
-

60
53
7
6

10
1
9

12
3
9
-

1
1
-

OF FI CE GIRLS -------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

84
35
49

39.5
39.5
39.5

64.50
65.50
64.00

63.00
65.50
62.00

60.50- 67.00
61 .50- 70.50
60.00- 64.00

_
-

_
-

18
5
13

41
12
29

13
9
4

7
7
-

_
-

2
2
“

_

_

-

1
1

1

1

~

-

~

S E C R E T A R I E S 4 5 ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

1,318
795
523
154

39.5 104.00 101.50
91 .00-117.50
39.5 108.00 104.50
96 .50-119.00
39.5
98.00 94.50
82.00-113.50
39.5 117.00 117.50 10 6.00-135.50

-

_
-

2
-

-

-

2

17
1
16
“

28
2
26

47
7
40
-

44
16
28
1

70
27
43
4

104
49
55
14

102
43
59
5

200
163
37
4

132
100
32
7

78
50
28
18

115
75
40
18

108
81
27
14

56
41
15
9

SE CR ET AR IE S, CLASS A 5-------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

84
58
26

39.5 120.50 125.00 11 2.00-131.50
40.0 124.00 127.50 11 4.00-132.50
39.5 113.00 116.00 97.00- 12 4. 00

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

1

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

3

3

12
12
-

-

-

2
1
1

6

-

6
4
2

3

-

6

SE CR ET AR IE S, CLASS B 5-------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

272
144
128

39.0 111.00 111.00 96 .0 0- 12 5. 50
39.5 116.50 120.00 102.00-130.00
39.0 105.00 101.00 91.50- 11 5. 50

_

_

_

_

2

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

2

34
16
18

19

-

3
2
1

25
8
17

33
26
7

11
2
9

21
4
17

SE CRETARIES, CLASS C 5-------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

364
222
142
28

39.5 107.50 107.00 93 .5 0- 11 8. 50
39.5 114.50 115.00 103.00-120.00
39.0
93.00
83 .0 0- 10 8. 00
96.00
39.0 123.50 130.50 110.50-136.50

_

_

_

2

2

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

2
~

11

13
2
11
"

20
5
15
"

21
5
16
-

32
6
26

23
12
11
1

47
40
7

31
21
10
6

SE CRETARIES, CL AS S D 5-------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

546
371
175
49

39.5 95.50 96.50
84 .5 0- 10 4. 50
39.5
98.00
98.00 93.00- 10 4. 50
39.5 90.50
82.50
71.50- 10 4. 00
39.0 123.50 128.50 11 1. 50-137.50

_

15
1
14

24
2
22
~

30
7
23
~

29
14
15

42
20
22

37
28
9
1

44
37
7
1

146
139
7
3

46
33
13
3

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, GE NE RA L -------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

595
277
318
132

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

83.50
83.00
83.50
98.50

82.00
85.00
79.50
94.50

71.50- 92.00
75.50- 92.00
67 .5 0- 93.00
75 .5 0- 11 9. 00

43
6
37
6

62
33
29
15

56
27
29
12

79
38
41
4

78
34
44
9

56
35
21
8

98
81
17
14

14
10
4
1

8
4
4
~

STENOG RA PH ER S, SE NIOR --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

383
261
12 2

39.5 102.00
39.5 99.50
39.5 107.50

99.50
99.50
99.50

88 .0 0- 11 4. 00
89 .0 0- 10 8. 00
84 .00-132.00

_

2

10
8
2

24
15
9

15
8
7

23
9
14

36
31
5

26
16
10

65
51
14

16
15
1

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




“

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
~

4

13

-

-

4

13

_

_

12
1
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

19

16
16
_

-

-

-

10

14
2
12

-

6
3
3

15
15

27
2
25

15
15

-

_
-

_
-

8
3
5
5

14
6
8
8

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

“

61
48
13
9

36
25
11
11

35
13
22
22

62
46
16
16

21
8
13
2

7
4
3

18
18
-

11
11
-

3
3

7
5
2

-

24
15
9

25
19
6

22
17
5

10
9
1

9
8
1

11
11
-

17
7
10

32
21
11
4

58
55
3

11
9
2
2

9
8
l
1

10
5
5
5

10
2
8
8

31
30
1
1

29
27
2
2

46
38
8
8

12
11
1
1

13
9
4
4

8
5
3
3

5

13

5

-

-

-

-

5
5

13
13

5
5

-

1
1

11
3
8
7

29
1
28
28

14

2

_

_

_

-

14
14

15
3
12
12

-

-

-

5
3
2

15
14
1

8
3
5

27
12
15

16
3
13

-

67
67
-

-

3

2
2

-

-

3
3

1
1
-

-

15
1
14

13
5
8

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1967)
W eekly earnings1
( standard)

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sit r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
:£

i

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

45
M edian 2

M iddle range 2

50

'£

£
55

60

‘£

65

!£

i£

ii

70

75

80

-£

$
85

90

95

S
1 00

$

1
105

i£

1 10

$

%

120

1 25

$
130

*

$
135

140

and
u n d er

150
and

50

WOMEN -

$
1 15

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

1 05

110

115

10
10

26
26

18

5
5

23
7
16

21
1
20

17
1
lb

11
5
6

8
7
1

6
6
-

1
1

3
2
1

15

18

15

3
2
l

-

4
4

4
3

39
19

74
29

6
6

23
20

29
1

22
13

6
6

9
9

1

3
3

cu

3

to

15
14
1

6
5

-

1

-

3
1

120

130

over

-

~

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

135

1 40

1 50

~

~

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

*

-

1 25

-

CONTINUED
$
7 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

$
7 0 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

$
5 6 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 5 4 .5 0 -

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

49
41

3 7 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

8 4 . 0 0 - 1 4 2 .0 0
8 1 . DO- 1 4 2 . 5 0

30

3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0

7 8 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 -

327

3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

6 8 .0 0 -

8 8 .0 0

2 50

3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0

7 4 .5 0

6 7 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------5
4

196
1 23
73
41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 9 . 0 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

700
1 45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

6 3 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

5 9 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------

167
32
135

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

SWITCHBOARD O P E R AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 36
129
IU !

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---— — ------------------NGNMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

NUNnANUr ACTURI Nb

TR AN SC RIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------MA NUFACTURING — — — — —— —— —— — —
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

555
54

oo

.d u

$
8 2 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

-

050J-

-

8 6 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

-

-

“

*

2

2
_

-

_

-

-

-

_

39

-

4

7

35

147
14

1
1

1
1

5
5

3
3

3
3

7
4

4

-

-

6

2

5

3

57
13
44

62
24
38

47

17

28

20

18

18

4

38

4

22

9

18

18

4

6
4

16
9
7

25
16
9
-

35
14

13

1

-

7

8
8
3

12

8

35
29
6
6

16

21

23
16
7

5
4
1
1

101
31
70

50
9

30

30
3

-

28
38

2

6

10

2

4
1 54

-

*

13

45
1
44

-

211
32
179
7

66

41

22
8
5

27

-

1
1
5
5
-

1
1
_

-

1
1
-

9

2

2

9

~

9
4

4
-

6
5
1
1

_
-

-

_

-

-

~

“

-

~

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

3

2

10
1

1
1

9
9

4
4
_

-

~

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th ese w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T he m ea n is co m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y tota lin g the e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
The m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r t h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e than the
h ig h er ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 M a y in clu d e w o r k e r s o th e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
5 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . S ee a p p e n d ix A .




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1967)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number Average
weeklyo
f
hours1
workers (standard)

N u m be r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —

1
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

T nj
T
80
U der
$
and
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

S

S
100

105

$
110

$
115

120

*

125

S

$

$
13C

135

$
140

$

$
145

150

$
155

$
160

$
165

i
170

175
and

u n d er

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

4
4

3
3

2
2

3
3

5
5

12
12

8

8

8

8

6
6

_

_

_

_

3
3

39
34

8
8

11
11

26
18

2
2

2

58
56

2

_

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

85

175 o v e r

MEN
DR AF TS ME N, CLASS A ------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

51

51

$
$
$
$
39.5 162.50 164.00 15 6. 00-171.00
39.5 162.50 164.00 15 6.00-171.00

DRAF TS ME N, C L AS S B ------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

155
137

40.0 137.50 137.50 12 4. 00 -1 52 .0 0
40.0 137.50 137.50 12 4. 00-152.00

DRAF TS ME N, CLASS C ------------------u a mi rA m in t Kir
M A NUir Ati UK in b

207

40.0
40. C

99.50

98.50

*

*

-

88.00- 10 9. 00
O'? !>U— 1 U 7* DU
o f• CA_1 AQ cn

8
O
o

39.5 113.50 113.50 10 2.00-124.50
39.5 113.50 114.00 10 2. 00 -1 24 .0 0

2
2

27
*(
5
c7

4
4

_

1

29

8

48

30

8

14

8

20

3
3

1
l

1
1

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

10
9

12
9

6

12
11

13
13

6
6

7
6

8
8

2
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_

WOME N
NURSES, INDU ST RI AL (REGISTERED) --MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

86
79

f
a

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .




1
1

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
'A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y . —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1967)
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
hours 1

Weekly
earnings 1

Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

(
standard) (
standard)

OF FI CE OCCUPA TI ON S

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- C O NT IN UE D

39.5
39.5
40.0

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------

412
154
258
53

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

78.00
82.00
75.00
85.00

49
46

39.0
39.0

70.50
68.00

OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S -------------MA NU FACTURING ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S2 3-----------

234
89
145
34

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.0

69.00
71.50
67.00
85.00

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OP ERATORS *
CLASS A ------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

69
39
30

40.0
40.0
40.0

92.00
96.00
86.50

BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS*
CLASS 8 ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

166
56
110

39.5
39.5
39.5

74.50
81.50
71.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------

527
287
240
110

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------

996
241
755
235

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

82
43
39

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 4 ------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

1,323
795
528
159

39.5 104.00
39.5 108.00
39.5 98.50
39.5 117.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4 -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

84
58
26

39.5 120.50
40.0 124.00
39.5 113.00

114.50
118.00
110.50
120.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B4-------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

273
144
129

39.0 1 1 1 . 0 0
39.5 116.50
39.0 105.00

38.5
39.0
38.5
38.5

82.00
91.00
79.00
93.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4 -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

364
222
142
28

39.5 107.50
39.5 114.50
39.0 96.00
39.0 123.50

141
38
103

39.5
40.0
39.5

71.50
74.00
71.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS 04-------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

96.00
40.0
39.5 98.00
40.0 91.00
39.5 124.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

121
104

38.5
38.5

60.00
58.50

550
371
179
53

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

271
109
162

40.0
40.0
40.0

82.00
91.50
76.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GE NE RA L -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------

595
277
318
132

39.5
39.5
39.0
39.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

384
261
123

39.5 102.00
39.5 99.50
39.5 107.50

SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

171
34
137

39.5
39.0
39.5

72.50
86.00
69.00

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

236
129
107

39.5
39.5
39.0

75.50
78.50
72.00

90.00
93.00
85.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

249
148
101

39.5
39.5
39.5

COMPTO ME TE R OPERATORS --------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

129
33
96

89.00
39.0
39.0 101.00
84.50
39.5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

207
73
134

39.5 96.50
90.00
39.5
39.5 100.50

Weekly
Weekly
Hours 1
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

83.50
83.00
83.50
98.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING --- -------------

40
29

$
39.5 129.50
39.5 133.50

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

100
42
58

38.5 106.50
39.5 107.00
38.0 106.50

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

49
40

39.0
39.5

80.50
78.00

TRAN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

327
77
250

39.5
39.0
39.5

78.50
77.00
78.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

196
123
73
41

39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

86.00
86.00
85.50
92.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

706
146
560
59

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

67.50
72.50
66.00
79.50

PROFESSIONAL AN D T EC H N IC A L
O C C U PA TI ON S

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

51
51

39.5 162.50
39.5 162.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

155
137

40 .0 137.50
40.0 137.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

219
214

40.0
40.0

NURSES, INDU ST RI AL (REGISTERED) --MA NUFACTURING --- ------------------

88
81

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
4 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S ee a p p e n d ix A .




Number
of
workers

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - C O NT IN UE D

$
86.00
78.50
94.00

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

98.00
98.00

39.5 113.50
39.5 114.00

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn in g s

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on arj a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d., F e b r u a r y 1967)
In
Hourly earnings 1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
$
$
$
2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.

Median 2

$

$

.

U n der
$
and
2 . 1 0 u n d er

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

3.40

%

$

90 4.00 4.10 4.20

2.20 2.30 2^40 2.50 2.60 2.7C 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30

CA RPENTERS* M A IN TE NA NC E --MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

187
175

$
3.55
3.56

$
3.70
3.70

$
$
3.51- 3.78
3.53- 3.78

ELEC TR IC IA NS , M A IN TE NA NC E M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

547
497

3.73
3.74

3.76
3.77

ENGINEERS, S T AT IO NA RY -----M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

134
114

3.49
3.56

FIREMEN, STATIO NA RY BOILER
M A NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

271
260

HELPERS, M A I N TE NA NC E TRADES
M A N U FA CT UR IN G -----------NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

-

3.60- 4.00
3.60- 4.01

_

_

3.55
3.59

3.21- 3.75
3.29- 3.76

_

3.14
3.17

3.42
3.43

2.83- 3.6C
3.02- 3.60

219
160
59
53

2.78
2.82
2.66
2.71

2.92
3.02
2.63
2.66

2.432.392.462.48-

MA CHINISTS, MA IN TE NA NC E ------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

656
641

3.63
3.63

3.67
3.66

3.55- 3.80
3.55- 3.80

ME CHANICS, AU TO MO TI VE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

409
137
272
219

3.32
3.39
3.29
3.43

3.49
3.60
3.48
3.55

3.003.052.903.31-

5
5

3.07
3.10
2.94
2.94

3.67
3.79
3.64
3.67

_

-

-

-

_

2
1

4
4

1
1

17
16

1
1

-

1
-

9
9

16
16

33
33

57
55

24
24

4
4

6
3

1
-

-

6
4

_

1
“

_

-

2
2

8
7

54
54

13
13

3
'

6
6

43
39

66
66

127
88

19
19

65
65

91
91

30
30

13
13

-

3
3

1
~

1
-

1
1

4
~

6
~

17
16

13
10

3
3

4
-

27
27

5
5

36
36

4
4

1
1

3
3

5
5

-

5
4

18
18

3
“

3
2

4
"

8
8

_

15
15

14
14

24
24

4
4

31
31

43
43

61
61

_

-

5
5

-

_

-

22
6
16
16

6
1
5
5

16
6
10
10

8
8
-

5
5

26
4
22
22

47
47

32
32

8
8

_

8
8

_

_

2

2
2

43
43

30
30

4
4

1
1

_

156
156

125
125

117
114

127
117

14
14

27
27

55

18

-

21
10
11
7

27

-

5
2
3

7

V

27
27

43
2
41
41

78
26
52
52

18
11
7
7

50
20
30
30

13
12
1
1

-

_
-

-

5
4

141
137

57
57

319
319

98
98

46
46

_

_

_

10
10

_

46
46

56
56

31
31

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

26
24

7
7

-

2

10
10

2
-

3
3
-

-

34
30
4
-

_

_

_

_

-

~

~

-

-

20

_

_

-

20

-

“

_

-

_

_

_

3.50
3.52

3.65
3.69

3.18- 3.77
3.18- 3.77

M I L L WR IG HT S --------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

161
161

3.75
3.75

3.81
3.81

3.73- 3.88
3.73- 3.88

_

-

OI LE RS --------------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

265
257

2.92
2.92

2.83
2.87

2.74- 3.11
2.74- 3.12

_

-

-

PAINTERS, M A IN TE NA NC E --------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

152
144

3.46
3.49

3.47
3.48

3.34- 3.74
3.36- 3.74

-

PIPEFI TT ER S, MA IN TE NA NC E -----------M A N U F A CT UR IN G ---------------------

395
39 5

3.79
3.79

3.82
3.82

3.72- 3.88
3.72- 3.88

_

_

-

-

SH EE T- ME TA L WORKERS, M A IN TE NA NC E —
M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

87
87

3.64
3.64

3.74
3.74

3.19- 3.89
3.19- 3.89

_

-

-

-

331
331

4.07
4.07

4.12
4.12

3.99- 4.16
3.99- 4.16

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

2
1

12
12

1

_

-

4
4

-

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

~

46
46

18
~

45
38
7
6

99

11
7

26
25

122
117

31
23

14

9
9

5

-

_

-

_

90

7
1

-

3

-

~

-

35
35

7
7

5
5

47
47

2
2

5
4

_

_

_

_
-

22
22

97
97

152
152

49
49

-

*

44
44

12
12

6
8

5
5

12
12

14
14

13
13

12
12

-

9
9

_

-

6
6

2
2

1
1

39
39

4
4

34
34

34
34

206
206

4
4

37
37

40
40

22
22

-

-

1

-

1

2

2

2

-

-

3

2

20
19

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

2
2

-

_

_

21
21

-

_

_

“

-

-

1

-

“

l

-

_

_

and la te s h ifts,

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

-

20
20

17
17

3

-

10
10

_

-

_

110
102

-

_

_

8
8

_

_
”

-

-

6
6

_

_

_

6
6

-

2
2

-

-

3

5

3
3

~

-

“

_

4
4

1
1
“

h o lid a y s ,

4
4

-

“

-

-

986
939




_

3
1

-

ME CH AN IC S, MAIN TE NA NC E -------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

_

3
2

-

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

"

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , L o u is v i ll e , K y. —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
*
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
%
*
*
S
*
$
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1 .50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1 .90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3. 60
M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

ind
ider

and

.10 1.20 1.30 1140 1.50 1 .60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 over
ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

25
25

$
1.42
1.42

$
1.40
1.40

$
$
1.40- 1.41
1.40- 1.41

GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---- --------------

951
477
474

2.13
2.64
1.63

1.96
2.84
1.47

GUAROS:
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

298

2.99

3.09

-

-

1.47- 2.87
2.17- 3.14
1.44- 1.61

_
-

_
-

1
1

2.83- 3.20

-

25
25

_
-

~
72
36
36

-

-

317
317

36
16
20

20
16
4

2

44
42
2

15
1
14

-

2
-

25
13
12
10

39
27
12

32
11
21

4
1
3

23
12
11

33
33
”

76
60
16

131
131

51
51
~

20
20

2

10
7
3

2

1

12

33

60

107

51

-

20

'

WATCHMEN:
MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

179

2.05

1.95

1.66- 2.36

-

-

-

-

-

36

16

16

-

42

1

3

7

25

9

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2, 199
1,278
921
123

2.06
2.40
1.59
2.30

2.14
2.37
1.48
2.37

1.492.151.411.89-

2.56
2.77
1.72
2.56

41
41

25
25
”

62
62

60
60

407
48
359
7

90
4

120
56
64
7

74
45
29
20

37
27
10

46
31
15
“

201
193
8
”

150
142
8
4

158
121
37
33

55
33
22
2

119

80
71
9
9

125
121
4
4

246
243
3
3

45
45
-

1
1
1

-

-

*
“

57
12
45
”

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

541
259
282
41

1.81
2.15
1.49
2.14

1.65
2.10
1.46
2.51

1.452.031.421.66-

2.14
2.34
1.49
2.56

15
15
-

3
3

12
12
-

“

221
23
198
1

7
7
~

28
4
24
17

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

99
99
-

39
39
-

21
21
“

11
11
-

18
18
-

31

18
18
-

5
5
~

8
8

-

_
-

_
*
*

_
-

_
-

LABORERS, MATE RI AL HAND LI NG -------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

2,328
2,008
320

2.47
2.48
2.37

2.44
2.43
2.46

1.98- 3.01
1.94- 3.02
2.03- 2.67

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

18
14
4

45
10
35

107
77
30

30
27
3

369
369
-

15
14
1

28
7
21

39
28
11

101

310
244

92
32
60

8

183
173
10

566
566
*

43
43

6
6

66

36
26
10

33
25

15

303
301
2

ORDER FI LL ER S ----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

857
498
359

2.60
2.82
2.28

2.61
2.83
2.42

2.42- 2.94
2.57- 3.22
2.00- 2.61

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10

2
2

14
14

12
2
10

23
3
20

61
26
35

23
2
21

8

-

39
39

7
2
5

73
73

148
122
26

138
76
62

43
9
34

65
65
-

40
40
“

151
151

-

-

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

669
538
131

2.56
2.66
2.15

2.66
2.71
2.26

2.38- 2.85
2.58- 2.91
1.99- 2.39

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

10
10

40
20
20

_
-

5
4
1

2
2

15
7

10
4

37
1
36

60
40
20

31
21
10

49
45
4

130
118
12

95
91
4

146
146
_

7
7
~

17
17
~

11
11
~

4
4

8

PACKERS, SH IP PI NG (WCMEN) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

219
209

2.04
2.06

1.77
1.78

1.63- 2.72
1.65- 2.72

_
-

_

-

_

24
20

18
12

40
40

40
40

16
16

_
-

_
-

_

_

11
11

10
10

_

_

39
39

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

RECEIVING CL ER KS --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

245
179
66

2.71
2.89
2.23

2.77
2.91
2.34

2.53- 3.11
2.65- 3.19
1.74- 2.64

_

_
-

_

_

2

_

7

6

6

6

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

8

47
46
1

44
44

-

25
13
12

25
25

2

5
1

21
13

16

5
1

-

-

4
2

29
22
7

_

-

5
2
3

-

-

16

-

SHIPPING C L E R K S ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

72
51

2.88
2.94

2.87
2.89

2.76- 3.12
2.81- 3.22

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

15
5

29
21

5
5

14
14

-

SHIPPING AND RECE IV IN G CLERKS ----MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

94
51
43

2.69
2.57
2.84

2.69
2.49
2.84

2.48- 2.88
2.44- 2.73
2.69- 3.04

12
3
9

13

14
4
10

-

-

-

-

-

7

14
4
10

4

2

4

~

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2,203
641
1,562
1,144

2.98
2.91
3.01
3.11

3.23
2.97
3.32
3.33

2.592.732.562.59-

28
14
14
8

225
3
222
219

83
55
28
5

127
67
60
3

181
139
42
31

120
118
2

886
120
766
698

150
54
96
96

1
1

20

3
3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




175
46
129

2.20
2.10
2.24

1.91
1.95
1.88

3.36
3.24
3.37
3.37

1.79- 2.69
1.86- 2.62
1.72- 2.76

-

_

“

86

_

_

_

_

_

•

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

13

_

4

98

9

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

4

98

9

47
17
30

_

_

13

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

13

-

~

8
4
4

4
4

—

_

18

9

-

-

18

9

43
13
30

6

6

5
2

-

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37
32
5

19
14
5

2
2

8
8

7
7

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

89
1
88
84

33
33

8

23
23

-

1

-

-

8

86

86

27
27

4

2

-

-

-

"

4

2

8
6

6

8

1

8

1

-

12

7

1

~
3
3

~

“

-

~

28

_

81
81
“

_

-

-

28

~

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , L o u is v i ll e , K y .— d ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
In
Hourly earnings

of
workers

M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60

and
u n d er

and

1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2. 20 2.30

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00

o
w
■*
t
o

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n
2

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
i
$
1.00 1.10 1.20 1 i 30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20

3.60 o v e r

T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 - CO NT IN UE D
6
TR UCKDRIVERS* M E OI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND IN CLUDING 4 TCNS) ----------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

673
185

$
2.59
3.18

$
2.56
3.34

$
$
2.38- 2.88
3.09- 3.40

-

“

~

~

4
~

4
~

80

-

4
4

~

-

-

7
7

85
l

11
6

221
2

TR UC KD RI VE RS . HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

619
101
518
362

3.44
3.00
3.53
3.39

3.36
2.95
3.37
3.37

3.312.72- 3.25
3.33- 3.45
3.33- 3.41

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

“

-

~

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

1.423
1,298
125

2.73
2.73
2.76

2.80
2.80
2.83

2.56- 3.06
2.55- 3.09
2.72- 2.88

-

-

-

19
19

“

24
24
“

98
98

“

4
4
“

22
22
~

15
7
8

32
31
1

237
235
2

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ----------------------------MA NU F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

186
157

2.91
2.97

2.97
3.02

2.60- 3.13
2.79- 3.14

6
6

42
13

1
2
3
4
5
6

-

_

-

“

D ata li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ica te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 4 .4 0 to $ 4 .6 0 .




8

-

8

~

-

14
9

50
7

38
2

16
16

95
87

44
44

-

22
22

25
16
9

25
21
4

2

358
32
326
266

106
1C
96
96

6 81

168
147
21

347
291
56

282
282

22
22

34
34

82
82

74
66
8

2
-

93
72
21

-

-

81
'
_

-

14
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 196 7)
O th e r i n e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

I n e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts

M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —

A ll
in d u s t r ie s

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d i e d ___________________________________________

140

61

XXX

79

XXX

140

61

XXX

79

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _________________

43

26

19

17

9

63

30

23

33

20

1
2
2

2
4
2
4

_
1
4
2
2
-

1
2
2
6
2
2
1
1

1
2
4
11
11

_
1
7
3
5
2
1
4
1

6
3
3

_
1

1
3
1

1
2
4
10
4
5
4
1
1
1

7
3
5
1
1
-

-

$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0

an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
an d
and
an d
and
an d
and
and
and
an d
and
an d

u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 ______________________________ _____
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 ____________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________
u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ------------------------------------------------------------------------u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 __________________________________________ ~
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________________
u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ______________ __ _________ ______
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ______________________________ _________
u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 ___________ __________________________ __
u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 _____ ________________ ____________________
u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ---------------------------------- ---------------------------------u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________ ____
o v e r _________________________________________________

8

6
4
5
1
1
3
3
1

1
3
2
2

8

-

1
3
3
1

-

-

-

1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3
1
5
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
3

2
1
3

2
1
3

-

-

-

-

2
4

-

-

2
4

-

-

2
4

-

-

-

-

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____________

26

11

XXX

15

XXX

36

17

XXX

19

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y ___________________________________________________

71

24

XXX

47

XXX

41

14

XXX

27

XXX

-

-

1

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t in g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .

-

-

1
1




15

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —In d . , F e b r u a r y 196 7)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft w o r k

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

____ _____________________________________________

96. 2

84. 5

21. 3

5 .9

W it h s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l __________________________

T ota l

92. 5

84. 5

20. 9

5 .9

U n if o r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ________________________

64. 0

55. 2

13. 5

4. 2

5 c e n t s ___________________________________________
6 o r 7 c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ___________________________________________
9 c e n t s ___________________________________________
10 c e n t s __________________________________________
11 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
13 o r 1 3 % c e n t s _______________________________
14 c e n t s __________________________________________
15 c e n t s __________________________________________
16 o r 17 c e n t s __________________________________
18 c e n t s __________________________________________
19 c e n t s __________________________________________
20 c e n t s . , ________________________________________
O v e r 20 c e n t s __________________________________

5. 2
1. 7
3. 7
3. 6
1 9 .4
7 .4
3. 7
3. 5
13. 6
1. 3
.9

_
1 .5
1. 3
2. 7
1 .4
8. 5
.7
9 .4
2. 1
1 1. 1
1 .4
13. 2
1 .9

1. 2

_

. 2
. 5
1 .0
3. 5
. 8
. 8
1. 0
3. 8
.4
. 2

_
1. 1
. 2
. 6
.7
1. 3
. 3

28. 5

28. 4

7 .4

1. 6

5.
4.
2.
16.

. 7
4. 3
2 3 .4

1. 5
1 .4
. 8
3. 8

U n i f o r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________
5 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------------

1 % p e r c e n t ______________________________________
8 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________
* O th er

f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________

W it h n o s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

3
3
1
8

•9

-

.4
1. 3
. 1

.4

3. 6

1
I n c l u d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n t h o u g h th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .

-

_

s h ifts ,

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h ifts

16
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffice w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s _______

_________________________

U n d er 3 7 1/ h o u r s
3 7 1/z h o u r s ___________________________ _ ______ __
O v e r 3 7 V 2 an d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s _____________________
40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 an d u n d e r 48 h o u r s _____________________ _
48 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 48 h o u r s _________________ _______________________

1
2
3
4
5

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

1
8
1
79
5
4
1

1
10

-

-

-

85
2
1
1

93
7
-

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

5
12
8
73
2

2
11
6
81

100

22
_
78
_

-

(5 )

(5 )

S c h e d u le d h o u r s a r e th e w e e k l y h o u r s w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f th e f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r t h e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e
I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

ra tes.

17

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a i d h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d ., F e b r u a r y 1967)
I
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t il it i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

99

100

100

1

1

3
2

.
2

-

-

-

23
2
21
2

9
2
25
2

(4)
22
18
5

(4 )
26
26
6

5
23
23
46
47
68
70
93
94
96
97
97
98
98
99

6
33
33
60
61
86
89
97
97
99
99
99
99
99
99

(4)

“

_

_

_

-

( 4)
1
39
2
15
3
27

N u m ber of days

L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s __________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------------8 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________________
9 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________
10 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________

50
19
30
-

( 4)
9
4

8
2
21
4
39
17
9

-

23
26
(4 )
51
-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 5

10 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
7 l/2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e _ ______________________________________
1V2 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------

.
30
30
50
50
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

4
12
13
40
43
58
60
98
98
99
99
99
99
99
99

9
27
27
66
69
90
92
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o the s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 9 d a y s
n o h a lf d a y s , 8 fu l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .

_

_
51
51
77
77
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
2
3
4




in c lu d e s

t h o s e w ith 9 fu ll d a y s and

18
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

99
93
6
-

100
99
(5 )
-

100
100
-

100
100

100
100

-

"
-

4
19
2

6
15
1

_
28
-

2
49
10

31
4

(5 )

-

-

2
46
7
4

-

“

66
2
30
1

70
2
26
2

86
14

26
2
72
1

12
86
2

91
9

36
17
45
1

33
24
40
2

66
1
32

6
11
83
1

3
2
94
2

11
51
38

10
19
64
4
2

8
26
57
5
3

5
95
-

10
18
63
5
2

8
25
57
7
3

5
92
4

3
80
1
15

2
79
1
17

_
91
4
5

100

100

99
95
4
-

M eth od o f p a y m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________
A m ou n t of v a c a tio n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m on th s of s e r v i c e
U n d er 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
A fte r 1 y ea r of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

“

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

"

~

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________ _______________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

2

1

(5 )
88
5
7

(5 )
98
1

(5 )
92
3
3

(5 )
87
5
8

(5 )
92
6
1

1
85
3
11

78
22

_
90
6
4

(5 )
93
2
3

A fte r 4 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ____ ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

2

1

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________ _______
Z w e e k s ____ _____ __ ____________ ____ ___ ____ ______
_
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

S ee f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




19
Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y
A ll i n d u s t r i e s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 6---- C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________

3
24
7
59
4
3

2
14
9
65
5
4

30
70
-

1
38
2
54
2
4

22
2
64
5
8

11
89
-

3
19
6
63
5
3

2
13
8
66
7
4

100
-

1
34
2
58
2
4

17
2
69
5
8

_
2
98
-

3
15

2
8
68
1
19
1

96
4

1
14

(5 )
65
1
14
1

7
74
19

2
98
-

-

"

-

3
13
37
1
41
5

2
6
40
1
44
6

32
68

1
13
44
39
3

6
42
46
6

2
23
75

3
13
19
55
9

2
6
20
60
12

_
7
93

1
13
24
55
7

6
23
55
15

_
2
11
87

3
13
18
56
9

2
6
18
61
12

7
91
2

1
13
24
55
7

6
23
55
15

_
2
11
87

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s _______________ .________________._________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w ppV
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

(5 )
77
(5 )
8

(5 )
-

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

-

-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________ ____________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________
M a x im u m v a c a t i o n a v a i l a b l e 7
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s __________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _______________________________________

(5 )

1 In clu d e s b a s ic p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s t o w o r k e r s w it h q u a lify in g le n g th s
of se r v ice .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h as p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e
a f t e r 5 y e a r s in c l u d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
7 F i g u r e s s h o w n a l s o i n d ic a t e th e p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )
O ffice w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e . ------------------------------------------------------------S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5_____________________________

92

96

99

93

96

99

68

74

65

53

75

47

87

93

72

71

85

51

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ___________
S ic k l e a v e (f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _____________________________
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

72

88

30

39

67

14

10

5

5

47

58

15

14

9

44

11

6

34

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e _____________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
M e d ic a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e _________________ ________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n ______________________________
N o h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ______

95
94
87
50
79
2

98
98
92
51
87

100
100
94
84
71

92
92
87
75
75
1

98
98
92
77
90

100
100
97
97
48

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g ;

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .




21
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g h e a lt h in s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s
c o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e ir d e p e n d e n t s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —In d . , F e b r u a r y 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e f i t , c o v e r a g e , an d f in a n c in g 1

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

100

100

100

100

95
19
16
3

98
18
18
-

100
21
21

92
15
9
7

98
17
15
2

100
10
1
9

76
35
32

80
37
31

79
53
26

77
27
47

81
38
36

90
54
36

9

11

-

3

7

S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s an d t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ___________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ______

94
19
16
3

98
18
18
-

100
21
21

92
15
9
7

98
17
15
2

100
10
1
9

75
34
32

80
37
31

79
53
26

76
27
47

81
38
36

90
54
36

9

11

-

3

7

-

M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _______________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s an d t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ___________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d -----------------------------------J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________________
E m p l o y e r fi n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ______

87
18
16
3

92
18
18
-

94
21
21

87
15
8
7

92
18
15
3

97
9
9

68
30
29

73
31
31

73
54
19

72
24
45

74
31
36

89
54
34

9

11

-

3

7

-

50
7
4
3

51
4
4
-

84
21

77
14
12
2

97
9

21

75
16
13
3

43
13
24

47
12
26

63
54
9

59
25
32

63
23
36

88
74
14

6

8

2

4

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ______________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s a n d t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ---------------------------------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ______

C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e __________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y __________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________________
C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s an d t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s ___________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d _______________________
J o in t l y f i n a n c e d ___________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ______

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r i e s 4

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

-

-

-

-

9

1 I n c l u d e s p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r .
S e e f o o t n o t e 1, t a b le B - 6 .
A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s p r o v id i n g b e n e f it s to e m p l o y e e s f o r t h e ir
d e p e n d e n t s i f s u c h c o v e r a g e w a s a v a il a b l e to a t le a s t a m a jo r i t y o f t h o s e e m p l o y e e s o n e w o u ld u s u a l ly e x p e c t to h a v e d e p e n d e n t s , e . g . , m a r r i e d m e n , e v e n th o u g h th e y w e r e l e s s than a m a j o r i t y
o f a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
T h e e m p l o y e r b e a r s the e n t ir e c o s t o f " e m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d " p l a n s .
T h e e m p l o y e r an d e m p l o y e e s h a r e the c o s t o f " j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d " p l a n s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




22
Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—I n d ., F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 7 )
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
P r e m iu m p a y p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ___

_______________________________________

M a n u fa c t u r in g

100

100

81
81
1
6
74

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

94

100

52

69

92

94

100

52

69

92

1
8
85

100

5
2
45

_
(5 )
68

21
71

D a i ly o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e
p a y 4 at p r e m i u m r a t e s ____________________________
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r ;
7 h o u r s _______________________________________
7 1!z h o u r s ____ ______ __________ ____________ _
_____
________________
7 3/4 h o u r s ___
8 h o u r s _____________ _______________ ______
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v i s i o n s f o r d a i ly o v e r t i m e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 _________________________________

19

48

W e e k l y o v e r t i m e at p r e m i u m r a t e s
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e
p a y 4 at p r e m iu m r a t e s ____________________________
T im e a n d o n e - h a l f ________________________________
E ffe c tiv e a fte r ;
3 5 h o u r s ___________________ _________________
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ________________________________
3 8 3/4 h o u r s ..__ _ ___ __ ___ _____ _ ______
_
_
_
4 0 h o u r s ___________________________ _____
O v e r 40 h o u r s ______________________________

96

100

100

99

100

100

96

100

100

99

100

100

1
6
88
1

1
8
91
-

-

2
5
2
90

2
98

21
79

-

-

-

100
-

(5 )

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g n o
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e pa y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 6 ____________ _____________ ___

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e
r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e , e v e n th ou g h
s u c h w o r k e r s a c t u a ll y d o n o t w o r k o v e r t i m e . G r a d u a t e d p r o v i s i o n s
f o r p r e m iu m p a y a r e c l a s s i f i e d u n d e r th e f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m i u m r a t e . F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r t im e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 an d d o u b le t im e a f t e r 10 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t im e a n d
o n e - h a l f a f t e r 8 h o u r s . S i m i l a r l y , a p la n c a l l i n g f o r n o p a y o r p a y at a r e g u l a r r a t e a f t e r 35 h o u r s a n d t im e an d o n e - h a l f a ft e r 4 0 h o u r s w o u ld b e c o n s i d e r e d a s t i m e a n d o n e - h a l f a f t e r 40 h o u r s .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u i r e m e n t s r e g a r d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d w h e r e , a s a m a t t e r o f p o l i c y , o v e r t i m e is n o t w o r k e d .




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau*s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor*s position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size o f the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




23




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

25

26
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters thel necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

28

SECRETARY— Conti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
esftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYTIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

A ND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

PQ WERPLA NT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written, specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 ^ tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsm en,
tr a c e r s, job analysts, d irectors of personnel, m anagers of office
se r v ic e s, buyers, freight rate c le rk s, and clerica l e m p lo y ee s.
O rder as BL.S Bulletin 15 35, National
m inistrative, Technical, and C lerical
50 cents a copy.

Survey of P ro fessio n a l, A d ­
P ay, February— arch 196 6 .
M

i z

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -2 5 3 -6 0 7 /6 6




Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1966 1_____________________________ 1465-81,
Albany—
Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Apr. 1966 1 —
---------- 1465-60,
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Apr. 1966 1__________________ 1465-64,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J.,
Feb. 1966 1__________________________________________ 1465-53,
Atlanta, Ga., May 1966 1 ------------------------------------------- 1465-71,
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 1966 1_________________________ 1530-30,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur-Orange, Tex., May 1966 1___ 1465-63,
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1966________________________ 1465-56,
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1________________________ 1530-2,
Boston, Mass., Oct. 1966____________________________ 1530-16,

1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1530-41,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20cents
30cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
20cents
40cents

1465-77,
1530-6,

20cents
25cents

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1465-62,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25cents
25cents
35cents
25cents
30cents
20 cents
25cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25cents
20cents
25 cents
25cents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1966 1________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1966 1_____________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1966_______________ __________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1966____________________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1966 1________________________
Oakland, Calif., Jan.1967 1____________
San Francisco—
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1966___________________________
Savannah, Ga., May 1966 1____________________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966----------------------- ----- ---------------Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1966_____________________

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30cents
25cents
20cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1966________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1966 1_________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1966____________________________
Tampa— Petersburg, F la., Sept.1966 1_____________
St.
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., Feb. 1966________________________
___-____ -___________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1966 1
Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., Oct. 1966 1----------------------Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1966 1________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1___________________________
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1966 1___________ ________________
Worcester, Mass., June 1966 1________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1967...... .......................................................
Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1966_________________

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465-49,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1530-47,
1530-29,

20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
25 cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1530-38,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1966 1__________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1967--------------------------------------------Denver, Colo., Dec. 1966___ -__________________ _____
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1967______________________ _
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1967 1 __________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1966 1_______________________
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1966 1_______________ _________
Greenville, S.C., May 1966 1
___________— _— ___
Houston, Tex., June 1966 1 --------- ------------------------------Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1966_________________________

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1530-48,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
30cents
25cents
25 cents
30cents
25cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20 cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1465-59,
1530-49,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
25cents


1 Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/on establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Bulletin number
and price

30cents Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1966___________________________
St.
25cents Minneapolis— Paul, Minn., Jan. 19671______________
25cents Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1966 1 ______
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb.1966 1 ____________
25cents New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967-------------------------------------30cents New Orleans, La., Feb. 1966_________________________
30cents New York, N.Y., Apr. 1966 1__________________________
Portsmouth and Newport News—
25cents Norfolk—
20cents Hampton, Va., June 1966____________________________
25cents Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1966 1____________________
25cents
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1966________________________
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May1966 1 ___________
30cents Paterson—
N.J., Nov. 1966 1___________________
20cents Philadelphia, Pa.—
25cents Phoenix, A riz., Mar. 1966 1___________________________
25cents Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1967 1___________________________
25cents Portland, Maine, Nov. 1966_________________;__________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1966 1___________________
30 cents
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— ass.,
M
30cents Providence—
25 cents
May 1966-------------------------------------------------------------------30cents Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1966_____________________________
—
30cents Richmond, Va., Nov. 1966___ _____ __— ____ ________
30cents Rockford, 111., May 1966 1 ____________________________

Buffalo, N.Y., Dec. 1966 1____________________________
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1966__________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1____________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1966 1 _____________________
_________________________
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1966 1
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 1966 1______________—
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1966 1 ____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1966 1 ___________ _—
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1966 1________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1966 1--------------------------------------Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1966 1____________________________

Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1967_____________-__-__________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1967 1 ---------------------------------Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1966__________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1966 1-----Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim-HSanta Ana__________________
Garden Grove, Calif., Mar. 1966 1
Louisville, Ky.-Ind., Feb. 1967 1
_____________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1966 1__________________________
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1---------------------------------Memphis, Tenn.—
Ark., Jan. 1967------------------------------Miami, Fla., Dec. 1966___________________ _______—
---Midland and Odessa, Tex., June 1966 1 ---------------------

Area

practices and supplemen ary wage provisions are also presented.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102