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I

Area Wage Survey
The Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area
January 1967

Bulletin No. 1 5 3 0 - 4 6




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Area Wage Survey
The Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area




January 1967

Bulletin N 1530-46
o*
A p ril 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d ata on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d ata b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ___________________________________________________________
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r eac h a r e a studied. A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a
round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d ata f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s tu d ie d in t o one b u l l e ti n . T h e s e co n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h ha s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d ata to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a te s .

B.

E igh ty -six areas
c u r r e n t l y a r e includ ed in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
an n u ally in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is obta ined b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , in J a n u a r y 1967. T h e Standard M e t r o p o l ­
i ta n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ,
as d e fi n e d b y the B ureau o f the
B u d g e t th ro u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s i s t s o f A l l e g h e n y , B e a v e r ,
W a s h i n g t o n , and W e s t m o r e l a n d C ou n tie s.
T h is study w as
c o n d u cted b y the B u re a u *s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in N e w Y o r k ,
N .Y . , H e r b e r t B ien stock , D ir e c t o r ; by James P . Tharp,
u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f T h o m a s N . W akin .
T he study w a s
u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f F r e d e r i c k W. M u e l l e r ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l
R elation s.




1
4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w i th i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s tu d ie d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f chan ge f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________
O c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n ___________________________
m
A-2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n . .
m
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A-4.
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A-5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ___
B - 2 . Sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _______________________________
B - 3 . Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ____________________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ________________________
B - 7 . H e a l t h in s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
t h e i r d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________________________
B - 8 . P r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ______________________________

Appendixes:
A . C han ge in o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n : S e c r e t a r y ______________________
B. O c c u p a ti o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r tab u la tio n s a r e
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

a vailab le fo r

othe r

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s and sup ple­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the P i t t s b u r g h a r e a is a ls o
a v a i l a b l e f o r the m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s (June 1966). Un ion
s c a le s , in d ica tive of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e available
f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r i n t i n g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g
e m p l o y e e s ; and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , and a l l i e d
o c c u p a tio n s .

iii

3

4

6
10
10
12
13

15
16
17
18
19
22
23
24

25
26




Area Wage Survey---The Pittsburgh, Pa., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du ct s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e
o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pub lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e rvices.
M a j o r i n d u s t r y gro ups e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e stu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
om itted
b e c a u s e th ey te nd to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te tab ula tio n s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t pub­
licatio n c r it e r ia .

b on uses and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y ho urs a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the sta n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f ho ur) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s
f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e f l e c t c o m p o site, areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pay l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g and, thus, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each job.
T h e pay r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g job s in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay
l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in an y o f the s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n s should
not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s
w i t h i n in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y
c o n trib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in pay f o r m e n and w o m e n include: D i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the
a c tu a l r a t e s paid in c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c
duties p e r f o r m e d , alth ou g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d
w i t h i n the s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s us e d in
c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d
than th os e u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r
d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d uties p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e conducted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y a t m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is studied.
In c o m b i n i n g the data ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lish m en ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eig h t.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s tr y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e studied.
O c c u p a ti o n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take ac c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w i t h i n the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in ap p e n d ix B.
T h e e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g
the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e
o f the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough
data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the stud y and not the nu m b er
actu a lly su rveyed.
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s tr u c tu r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
tain e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ied s e r v e on ly to ind ic ate
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ied .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e do no t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the
e a r n i n g s data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c t ic e s

P ro visio n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (i n the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as they r e ­
late to p lant and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p ro­
f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s who a r e
u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c l u d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in­
clude w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ff i c e fu n c tio n s .
"O ffice w o r k e r s "

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e ar n in g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e. , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b on uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g




and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e

1

2
include w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu n c tio n s .
C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u rin g
in d u s trie s .
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in
t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y policies.
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l data (t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f to t a l pla nt
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d s h ift a t the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the am ou n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f no am ou n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d .
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p aid a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p l y i n g to
a l l o f the pla nt o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Sch ed ule d
w e e k l y h o u rs a r e th ose w h i c h f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e e x p e c t e d to
w o r k , w h e t h e r th ey w e r e paid f o r a t s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .
P a i d h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a t i o n s ; h e alt h, in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
plans; and p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e w o r k ( t a b l e s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 )
a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s i s that th e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r
m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c t i c e s l i s t e d .
Sums o f in d i v i d u a l
i t e m s in ta b l e s B - 2 th ro u g h B - 8 m a y not e q u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f
rou ndin g.
D ata on paid h o l i d a y s (ta b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to data on h o l i ­
days g r a n te d an n u a lly on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e. , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d by c u s to m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a no n­
w o r k d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d ay o f f .
The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p aid h o l i d a y s t a b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a l f
h o lid a y s a c t u a l l y g ra n te d .
T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a l f
h o lid a y s to show to t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n pla ns (ta b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to f o r ­
m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e o ff w ith
pay is g ra n te d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e
v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans and th os e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i ­
c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c pla ns to w o r k e r s w i t h q u a l i f y i n g length s o f
service.
T y p i c a l o f such e x c l u s i o n s a r e plans in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m ,
and c an i n d u s t r i e s .
S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c c o r d i n g to
e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u ti n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , such as t i m e p a y ­
m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f annu al e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m am o u n ts . H o w e v e r , in
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




the tabulations o f v a c a t i o n p ay, p a y m e n t s no t on a t i m e b a s i s w e r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f
annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s pay .
D ata a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
plans ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s such as
w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plans include those u n d e r w r i t t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y and th ose p r o v i d e d th ro u gh a u n ion fund o r p aid d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r this p u r p o s e .
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m ­
p l o y e e s and th e ir dependents a r e a l s o p r e s e n t e d .
Sic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
i n s u r a n c e un der w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l such plans to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n tr i b u t e s .
H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
h a ve e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n c e l a w s w h i c h r e q u i r e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 plans a r e i n c lu d e d o n l y i f the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
tr i b u t e s m o r e than is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w i t h b e n e f i t s w h ic h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w .
Tabulations
o f paid s i c k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p ay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s pay d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
because o f illness.
S e p a r a te tab u la tion s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) plans w h ic h p r o v i d e fu l l pay and no w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) plans
w h i c h p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l pay o r a w a i t i n g p e r i o d .
In a d d i t i o n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s wh o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p li c a t e d
to t a l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e ,
s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x te n d e d
m e d i c a l in s u r a n c e , includ es th ose plans w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e yo n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d i c a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to plans p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
payment of doctors' fees.
Such plans m a y be u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n plans a r e l i m i t e d
to th os e plans that p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
D ata on o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m p a y ( t a b l e B - 8 ) , the h o u r s a f t e r
w h i c h p r e m i u m p ay is r e c e i v e d and the c o r r e s p o n d i n g r a t e o f p a y , a r e
p r e s e n t e d b y d a i l y and w e e k l y p r o v i s i o n s .
D a i l y o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to
w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s a day r e g a r d l e s s o f
the n u m b e r o f hours w o r k e d on o t h e r d a y s o f the p ay p e r i o d .
W eek ly
o v e r t i m e r e f e r s to w o r k in e x c e s s o f a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f h o u r s
p e r w e e k r e g a r d l e s s o f the day on w h i c h it is p e r f o r m e d , the n u m b e r
o f h o u r s p e r day , o r n u m b e r o f d a y s w o r k e d .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
it met either of the following
contributions.
formal provisions covering
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
if it (1) had operated late
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written form for operating
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s tu d ied in P itts b u r g h , P a . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n , 2 J a n u a ry 1967
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

In d u s tr y d iv is io n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in sc o p e
o f stu dy

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e o f stu d y

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

S tu d ied

P la n t
N u m ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

A l l d iv is io n s ____________________________________________

_

812

218

4 0 6 ,2 0 0

100

2 7 8 ,4 0 0

6 1 ,1 0 0

244,660

M a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ----------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5---------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e --------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ----------S e r v ic e s 7--------------------------------------------------------

100
-

328
484

77
141

25 6 ,2 0 0
150,000

63
37

1 93,700
8 4 ,7 0 0

2 8 ,9 0 0
3 2 ,2 0 0

150,310
94,3 5 0

100
50
100
50
50

54
128
79
88
135

24
27
29
25
36

4 1 ,5 0 0
1 7,100
4 9 ,7 0 0
19,100
22, 600

10
4
12
5
6

2 0 ,1 0 0
8, 200
4 0 ,6 0 0
6 2 ,2 0 0

7, 900
4, 800
4, 900
1 1 ,300

32, 540
4 ,8 1 0
3 3 ,920
12,820
10,260

( 8)

( 8)

1 T h e P it t s b u r g h S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u r e a u o f th e B u d g et th ro u g h A p r i l 1966, c o n s is ts o f A lle g h e n y , B e a v e r , W a s h in g to n , and W e s tm o r e la n d C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s
a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the
u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f th e S tan d ard In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a t io n M a n u a l and th e 1963 S u p p lem en t w e r e u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o ve the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m o tio n p ic t u r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d fr o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f ic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 E s t im a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e s ta te e s ta b lis h m e n ts o n ly . W o r k e r s f r o m the e n t ir e in d u s tr y d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but f r o m the r e a l e s ta te p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l in d u s tr y "
e s t im a t e s in th e S e r ie s B t a b le s .
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f d a ta f o r th is d iv is io n is n ot m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s ;
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu d y, (2) the s a m p le
w a s n ot d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3 ) re s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d eq u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .




A b o u t t w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the P itts b u r g h a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u s try
gro u p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u s try g ro u p s
P r im a r y m e t a l s ------------------------- 49
E le c t r ic a l m a c h in e r y ____________ 13
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _________ 8
M a c h in e r y (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l )
7
S ton e, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s __________________________
7
F o o d p r o d u c ts --------------------------5

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
B la s t fu r n a c e s , s t e e lw o r k s
and r o llin g and fin is h in g
m i l l s -----------------------------------------43
E l e c t r i c t r a n s m is s io n and d i s ­
tr ib u tio n e q u ip m e n t---------------9
F a b r ic a t e d s tr u c tu r a l m e t a l
p r o d u c t s __________________________
4
G la s s and g la s s w a r e , p r e s s e d
o r b lo w n __________________________
3
Ir o n and s t e e l fo u n d r ie s ----------3
M e t a lw o r k in g m a c h in e r y and
e q u ip m e n t------------------------------3

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s try d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as sh ow n .in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r in g the b a s e p e r i o d (d ate o f the a r e a s u r v e y c on du cted
b e t w e e n July I960 and June 1961).
S u b trac tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x
y i e l d s the p e r c e n t a g e c han ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
d ate o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e chan ge s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a te s .
T h ese estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c han ge in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; t h e y a r e not in ten d ed
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h an ge s i n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g

i n th e oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em ploym ents w h e r e v e r p ossib le.
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earn in gs f o r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l oc c u p atio n s in the g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d .
The a ggrega tes
for

2 con secu tive y e a r s w e r e

rela ted

by

dividin g

the

aggregate fo r

the l a t e r y e a r by the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e resu ltan t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , shows the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n ge . T h e i n d e x
i s the p ro d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 00) b y the r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d in g y e a r and con tin u in g to m u l t i p l y (c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r the f o l l o w i n g oc c u p atio n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u ti n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f the s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
group w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on it s p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Pittsburgh, P a .,
January 1967 and January 1966, and percents of change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
January 1967

January 1966

Percents of change 1
January 1966
to
January 1967

January 1965
to
January 1966

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

December 1959
to
January 1961

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m e n )-------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (men) --------------------------

114.3
115.3
113.8
117.1

110.8
110.3
111.7
112.8

3. 1
4.5
1.9
3.8

2.9
1.8
6.3
3.5

2.1
1.4
1.3
1.4

1. 1
.9
.2
1.6

1.4
2 .4
.7
2. 3

2.9
3 .4
2.9
3. 3

4 .4
2. 5
4.2
3. 1

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women) -------Industrial nurses (men and w o m e n )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

110.7
115.3
112.7
116.5

107.0
111.3
110.8
113.8

3.4
3.5
1.7
2.4

1.9
2.7
6.5
4.3

-.5
1.4
.7
1. 1

.6
.5
1
.7

1.8
2 .4
.5
3.4

3. 1
3.9
3.0
3.6

5.6
2 .0
3.8
4 .0

* A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.




5
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tr a ig h t-tim e hourly earn in gs,
e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f ts .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
jo b s with in each group.
Lim itatio n s

C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s without a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e xp an de d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y con stan t, y e t the a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m ay have r ise n c o n sid e r a b ly because h ig h e r -p a y in g establishm en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

o f D ata

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge, as m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in f lu e n c e d by:
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e changes,
(2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p ay r e c e i v e d by
i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s am e j o b , and (3) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c ti o n s , and changes in the p r o p o r ­
ti o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t pay l e v e l s .




T h e use o f con stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b
i n c lu d e d in the data . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t on ly chan ges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e no t in f lu e n c e d by
c h an ge s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for ov e rtim e .
Data w e r e a d ju s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c aused
b y c h a n ge s in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a . , January 1967)
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
Number
workers

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
40

M ean2

M e d i an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

$

$
45

50

$
55

%

$
60

65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$

$
85

90

$

$
95

100

$

$
105

110

$

$
120

130

$

$
140

150

$
160

and

170
and

under

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A MA NU FACTURING -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3 -------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3 --------

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

120

130

140

150

160

170

5

7

9

12

39

67

105

154

146

49

10

7
-

1

8

24

38

59

115

88

30

3

8

4

15

29

46

39

58

19

7

1

-

-

5

-

10

15

4

10

3

1

26
-

$

$

3 9 .5

13 1.50

1 3 3.50

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

13 2.00

13 5.00

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 4 4 .5 0

232

3 9 .0

1 3 0.50

1 3 1.00

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

2

48

3 9 .0

1 3 8.50

1 3 3.50

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

2
-

7

4

11

15

14

17

36

16

55

84

32

5

-

9

14

13

14

16

15

40

62

16

over

$

321

3 9 .5

11 4.50

1 1 6.00

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

206

4 0 .0

11 1.50

113.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

3 8 .5

11 9.00

12 3.00

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

3 9 .0

13 1.00

1 3 2.00

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

-

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------

164

3 9 .5

1 1 8.00

1 1 9.00

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

_

-

_

143

4 0 .0

11 9.00

122.50

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

“

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------

219

4 0 .0

1 20.00

1 2 5 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

161

4 0 .0

1 2 3.50

1 2 7.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

58

3 9 .0

109.00

1 1 2.50

8 0 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

"

“

“

-

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------

110

4 0 .0

75

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG - - -------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

105

376

115

OFFICE BOYS -------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S3 --------

100

90

608

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MA NUFACTURING --------------

85

95

3

45

MEN

4

15

22

16

26

-

9

22

16

26

-

-

-

6

8

46

17

50

1

8

_

_

3

4

6

35

14

50

1

8

-

-

6

7

21

6

33

46

47

21

5

5

_

1

7

18

1

22

46

31

21

3

4

-

3

5

11

-

16

2

1

17

6

12

4

5

_

_

_

_

17

6

12

-

-

-

-

-

8

14

13

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

3

"

1

3

13

3

6

3

"

13

3

6

7
-

7
-

_

7

-

7

1

7

7

~

-

5

_

_

3

7

20

6

"

3

7

20

6

46

31

19

20

6

20

9 6 .5 0

9 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

_

_

_

_

4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

263

3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0

6 9 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 -

8

9

4

27

46

111

4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 4 .5 0

6 4 .5 0 -

8 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

32

11

15

13

14

5

7

13

1

152

3 8 .5

7 1 .0 0

6 7 .0 0

5 8 .0 0 -

7 6 .5 0

8

9

4

27

14

35

16

6

6

1

1

1

12

34

3 8 .5

8 7 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

“

“

~

4

10

2

“

3

1

1

1

1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 2 3.50

1 2 2.50

4 0 .0

1 2 4.00

12 2.00

1 1 3 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

52

3 8 .5

123.00

124.50

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

28

3 9 .0

13 2.50

1 3 2.00

-

1

1
-

4 0 .0

151

_

-

1

2

80

203

_

-

71

8 2 .0 0

2
2
-

-

-

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

4

_

12

-

12

-

-

12

”

"

-

~

“

4

2

9

70

55

38

13

-

-

-

-

2

66

46

24

10

3

-

-

4

2

7

4

9

14

3

3

-

5

14

3

-

4

_
-

4

_

1
-

6

2

2
2

188

3 9 .5

10 5.00

1 0 4.50

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

.

_

_

_

_

_

2

12

11

13

38

10

59

3

1

7

125

4 0 .0

10 8.50

1 1 0.00

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

7

5

3

6

31

7

48

5

3

-

6

-

-

63

3 9 .0

9 9 .0 0

9 7 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

“

~

-

~

“

2

8

9

2

8

7

7

3

11

4

“

1

1

~

-

63

3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

4

4

1

1

4

12

4

7

3

1

2

20

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

105

4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0

8 0 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0

9

12

20

19

10

9

4

7

.

53

4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

8 6 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -

9 4 .0 0

“

~

~

1

1

8

15

10

7

3

7

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING -----------

95

3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0

7 7 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 -

8 0 .0 0

_

_

4

10

2

13

43

73

4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 6 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

7 8 .5 0

~

4

10

2

12

37

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

102

3 8 .5

9 2 .5 0

9 0 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

68

3 8 .0

8 9 .0 0

8 8 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 -

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C --- --------------------

16

7

9

WOMEN

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------See footn otes at end o f ta b le.




9 9 .0 0

10

_
-

10

8

3

1

2

“

”

5

2

“

_

_

.

.

~

3

.

~

_

_

-

_

“

~

~

“

1
'

'

_

1

_

“

~

1
"

'

_

_

3

17

4

4

24

5

12

20

1

4

7

1

_

_

_

_

“

~

“

3

17

4

“

16

2

12

6

1

4

2

1

~

“

~

“

3

16

61

39

41

-

-

~

-

_
“

_

.

“

370

3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0

7 3 .5 0

6 6 .0 0 -

8 4 .0 0

_

_

52

73

38

33

6

1

124

3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0

8 1 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

19

31

9

14

15

24

4

1

246

3 7 .5

7 2 .0 0

7 1 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0

-

-

3

16

61

33

42

30

27

23

9

2

3

_

3

-

-

1

_

_

3

l

-

-

“

-

-

3

_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a . , Jan u ary 1967)
Weekl y earnings1
(standard)
II

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

L

of
workers

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1

(standard)

$
40

Mean 2

Median 2

Mi ddl e range 2

$
45

S
50

$
55

$
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$

$
105

110

$
120

$
130

$

$
140

150

$
160

and
under
45

170
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

15

35
13
22
8

27
11
16
6

52
32
20
4

69
28
41
7

31
27
4
1

38
34
4
1

17
15
2

1

2

_

_

_

_

1

2
2

-

90
67
23
1
8
3
11

43
26
17
2
7
4
2

62
37
25
6
10
9
-

37
28
9
3
4
2
-

14
4
10
4

6

_

2

_

170

over

WOMEN - CONT IN UE D
$
$
$
$
39.0 108.50 108.50 96 .50-120.50
39.5 118.00 117.50 107.00-132.50
38.5 100.50
99.50 90.00-111.50
94.00 92.00
79.50-104.00
38.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------RETAIL TRADE -----------

349
165
184
68

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------RETAIL TRADE ----------F I N A N C E 4 -----------------

1,103
431
672
32
144
330
128

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0
40.0
39.0
37.5

85.00
83.00
93.50
94.50
79.50 75.00
98.00 102.50
82.50
80.50
78.50 74.50
76.00
74.00

71.00- 98.50
82.00-104.00
66.00- 89.50
78.00-120.00
67.50- 97.50
67.00- 84.00
63.00- 88.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLAS S A -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------

118
78

39.0
40.0

95.50
99.50
96.00 IOC.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS E -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------F I N A N C E 4 -----------------

395
135
260
86
109

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
37.5

74.00
77.00
72.50
73.50
69.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------F I N A N C E 4 -----------------

456
58
398
152

39.0
40.0
39.0
37.5

64.00
78.50
62.00
60.00

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------RETAIL TRADE -----------

29 3
59
234
170

87.00 79.00
39.5
40.0 110.00 110.50
81.00 78.00
39.5
78.50
77.50
39.5

76.00- 97.50
92.00-133.00
75.50- 84.50
76.00- 79.50

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----RE TAIL TRADE -----------

462
272
190
34
82

39.0 99.50 98.50 90.50-113.00
39.5
99.00 98.00
92.50-110.00
39.0 100.50 101.00
82.00-118.00
39.5 119.00 119.00 112.50-131.50
93.00
39.0
89.50 75.50-109.50

_

-

“

6

3

11

6

11

C O M P TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S -----MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------RE TA IL TRADE -----------

337
98
239
93
116

39.0
38.5
39.5
39.5
39.G

86.50
86.50
87.00
78.50
90.50

75.50-101.00
79.00- 96.50
75.50-108.50
68.00- 93.00
78.50-118.00

-

-

7

15

-

-

-

-

7
2
2

15
13
1

37
20
17
15
2

20
4
16
11
3

39
1
38
9
29

37
16
21
7
14

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----F I N A N C E 4 -----------------

687
367
320
101
64

39.5 95.00 97.50
40.0 94.00
97.00
39.5
96.00 99.00
39.5 105.00 110.00
37.5
81.00
84.00

28
18
10

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANU FA CT UR IN G -----------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----WH OLESALE TRADE ------F I N A N C E 4-----------------

682
306
376
82
91
134

39.0
40.0
38.5
38.5
39.5
38.0

See footn otes at end o f ta b le .




90.00
86.50
91.50
81.00
97.50

81.00
89.50
73.50
77.50
76.00
69.50

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

15
14

8
1
7
2

23
4
19
11

26

-

-

90
15
75

153
47
106

85
32
53
5
7
31
10

96
46
50

94
50
44

-

-

12
18
17

12
22
10

70
46
24
1
12
3
1

8
7

5
4

14
11

12
7

15
8

22
21

29
2
27
10
5

24
20
4

15
7
8
3
2

16
2
14
14
-

2
2

4
2
2
2

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
12

76.00-110.50
86.00-111.00

-

-

-

-

“

63.0069.0060.0059.0059.50-

84.00
85.00
83.50
88.00
76.00

_

-

-

61.50
83.00
60.00
59.50

57.0066.5056.5052.00-

69.50
89.00
67.50
67.00

66
4
62

78.50
93.00
73.50
75.50
75.00
72.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

~

30
30
30

25
-

25
19

-

13
53
8

17
55
25

12
9

-

17
9

5
-

82
16
66
29
32

29
6
23
9
3

71
16
55
16
28

41
15
26

40
30
10

18

6

43
19
24
5
12

147
4
143
31

87
9
78
27

57
6
51
22

30
6
24
11

39
2
37
7

12
4
8
3

17
17

9

12

24
1
23
8

120
1
119
118

18
4
14
14

8
5
3
3

10
10
-

40
2
38
2

22
10
12

28
13
15

12
1
11

19
7
12
5

66
52
14
2
7

80
67
13
1
3

38
26
12
4
6

28
2
26
17
9

30
17
13
4
6

64
32
32
5
15

89
42
47
11
14

49
25
24
8
10

73
29
44
16
4
20

48
31
17
5
7

29
13
16
5
7
3

18
23
12
_

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

9
2

12
12

2

18
12
6

8

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

8

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

85.00-104.50
85.50-102.50
85.00-108.50
94.50-117.00
75.00- 89.50

_

_

-

4

7

5

70.50- 93.50
78.00-101.50
68.50- 80.00
69.00- 84.50
71.50- 80.00
61.50- 78.00

-

5

-

-

-

-

5

19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

19

7

3
9

-

-

-

“

4

7

2

3

19

8

35
16
19

89
28
61
26
11

124
18
106
15
31
39

90
24
66
7
25
20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

7

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
39
23
2
5

-

-

-

26
8

-

-

75
5
70
5
6
40
13

-

100
24
76
5
12
52
7

-

72.00
77.50
69.00
66.50
68.50

-

-

8

11

-

_

-

1

-

3

-

_

_

-

-

6

_

2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

6
-

6
-

_

-

2
-

-

7
2

1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

8
3
5

4
3
1
1

9
8
1
1

11
5
6
6

19
17
2
2

42
29
13
2
4

22
13
9
1
7

73
36
37
13
10

38
23
15
4
3

23
7
16
11
2

7
3
4

30
3
27
7
6

8
1
7

11
1
10

10

2

19
4
15
4
9

6

10

10

72
62
10
3
2

145
123
22
20
1

101
15
86
2
1

52
6
46
46

9
5
4
4
-

_

_

64
51
13
8
3

77
77

1
1

13
13

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6
1
5

3
1
2

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

4

-

_
_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
2
2

-

_
-

-

-

_

_

10

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

_

_
_

_
_

_

_
_

_

_
_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a . , January 1967)
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
weekly

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

( standard)

%

$

Averag e

40
M ean 2

Median 2

Mi ddl e range 2

S
45

$
50

$
55

S
60

$
65

$

$
70

75

$

$

$
80

85

90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$

$
110

120

$

$
130

140

$
150

$
160

170

and
and

under
45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

38

90

95

100

105

110

120

2

130

140

150

160

170

over

WOMEN - CONTINUED
$

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------SE CR ET AR IE S5 6 -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S3 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

$

218

3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 -

7 3 .0 0

-

1

62

43

18

6

3

7

-

-

-

-

-

7 3 .0 0

7 3 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0

-

-

13

9

3

34

16

5

3

6

-

-

2

2
-

-

4 0 .0

2
-

34

91

-

-

-

-

-

-

127

3 8 .5

6 5 .5 0

6 6 .0 0

6 1 .5 0 -

6 8 .5 0

-

1

2

21

29

59

9

2

1

-

1

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

50

3 7 .5

6 3 .5 0

6 4 .0 0

6 0 .0 0 -

6 7 .5 0

-

-

12

17

20

1

13
-

95

153

186

216

243

323

301

863

495

288

145

75

47

17

23

36

34

64

91

112

112

209

185

601

307

171

89

52

24

2

13
-

14
-

44

61

89

95

104

131

114

116

262

188

117

56

23

23

15

-

5

8

16

8

24

82

62

59

29

16

6

10

15

3

3
-

7

32

18

84

29

20

2

14

11

12

21

11

18

3

1

-

6
-

2

3

15

2
-

71

39

36

33

42

55

26

9

1

“

“

5

3

40

31

43

21

8

23

9

3

5
-

13

15

36

15

3

6

-

-

5

“

5

27

16

7

6

5

17

9

47

39

90

119

65

73

43

16

6
-

$

$

3 ,5 7 7

3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

11 1.50

9 7 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

2 , 112

4 0 .0

1 1 2.50

1 1 2.50

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 .4 6 5

3 8 .5

1 0 8.50

1 0 8.00

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

-

339

3 9 .0

1 2 3.00

1 2 1.50

1 1 1 .5 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

-

233

4 0 .0

111.50

1 1 4.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

114

3 9 .0

1 0 8.50

1 0 3.00

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

487

3 7 .0

9 9 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

188

3 9 .0

1 3 4.00

1 3 1.50

4 0 .0

1 3 3.50

13 2.50

3 8 .5

1 3 4.50

1 2 4.00

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS B 6-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S3 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

631

3 9 .0

12 0.00

1 2 0.50

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

314

4 0 .0

12 1.50

12 3.00

317

3 8 .5

1 1 8.00

1 1 9.00

87

3 9 .0

13 2.50

1 3 4.50

74

3 9 .5

1 1 2.00

1 1 2.50

3 7 .C

1 1 1.50

11 7.50

9 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

1 ,2 3 2

3 9 .5

1 1 0.00

1 1 0.00

9 8 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_

609

4 0 .0

1 1 2.00

11 3.50

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

623

3 9 .0

1 0 7.50

1 0 8.00

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

145

3 9 .0

1 2 1.50

1 2 0.00

110

4 0 .0

1 0 9.50

1 1 2.50

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

3 6 .5

10 1.00

1 0 0.50

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS D 6-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S3 --------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

1 ,0 7 4

3 9 .C

1 0 2.00

1 0 4.50

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 6.50

1 1 0.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING - r --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

l , 197

3 9 .5

9 7 .0 0

712

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

485

3 9 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 5 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S3---------------

7

1

2

2

5

1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

154

3
5

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS C 6-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

3
-

11
-

1 2 5 .5 C -1 4 1 .0 0

97

80

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

91

37

SECRETARIES. CLASS A 6-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b le.




77

-

“

28

36

52

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

“

5

8

8

3

6

2

5

17

14

_

_

-

14

36

17

31

57

80

122

121

130

269

189

109

-

-

-

-

3
-

6

18

5

15

22

39

43

67

59

139

96

64

20

14

-

-

-

-

3

8

18

12

16

35

41
-

79

54

71

130

93

45

13

5

-

2
-

3

14

48

35

24

11

3

-

-

2

2

-

-

_

-

-

3
-

16

28

24

30

10

12

17

8

18

20

19

37

63

24

46

30

10

6

16

15

27
-

20
-

41

27

13

6

-

12
-

56

4

18

23

15

9

5

3

-

-

6
-

16
-

53

-

3
-

-

-

19

7

16

11

4

-

4

-

2

6

"

“

-

33

19

-

2

11

32

4
-

2

_

-

-

-

3

3

7

-

4

3

-

13

11

38

11

13

-

-

5
-

-

-

-

4

5

8

4

12

22

20

19

18

22

17

3

_

_

_

10

19

25

58

94

77

112

61

90

103

265

106

49

663

4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

13

2

15

37

32

65

26

57

83

213

83

32

411

3 8 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

10

43

57

45

47

35

33

20

52

23

17

3 9 .0

1 0 8.50

1 1 2.00

9 8 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

23

89

-

5

5

2

3

11

5

10

30

9

9

229

3 7 .0

9 0 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0

5

1

20

28

43

29

41

16

11

8

13

6

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

8 4 .5 0

7 5 .0 0 -

9 7 .5 0

_

6

3

32

54

166

238

212

329

199

176

183

113

149

101

54

3

-

"

-

4

1

-

8

2 ,0 1 8

-

6

4
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

1 ,0 1 7

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

9 2 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

11

58

10 5

46

141

103

115

142

89

126

63

18

-

-

-

-

-

1 ,0 0 1

3 8 .0

8 2 .0 0

8 0 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 -

6

3

32

43

108

133

166

188

96

61

41

24

23

38

36

3

-

-

-

-

244

3 8 .5

9 3 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

20

41

50

27

18

10

18

14

21

24

l

-

-

-

-

109

3 9 .5

7 6 .0 0

7 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

-

-

7

8

8

23

16

27

10

10

11

1

8

6

18

15

18

5

2

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

6

3

7

16

54

71

74

58

35

26

7

6

2

2

-

-

-

-

24

30

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

87

3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

8 0 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0

-

367

3 7 .0

7 7 .0 0

7 7 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

8 4 .0 0

-

9 7 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

8 7 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

-

_

_

2

4

16

28

121

152

135

189

121

142

172

49

12

-

-

-

-

16

6

1

78

105

64

138

79

109

72

33

11

2

4

16

12

18

29

43

47

71

51

42

33

100

16

1

-

-

-

-

-

5

10

16

41

21

14

17

24

6

1

-

4

11

15

7

6

10

14

6

72

8

-

-

_

2

6

13

8

15

58

22

48

19

5

3

_

_

_

_

-

155

3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 6 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

161

4 0 .0

1 0 0.50

1 1 0.00

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

“

*

202

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

9 9 .5 0

9 5 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

_

-

_

_

117

4 0 .0

1 0 0.50

9 9 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

4

-

11

41

12

30

6

3

3

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

-

3

-

5

10 0.50

-

2

1 0 0.00

-

-

3 9 .5

-

-

85

-

1

9

8

4

17

10

18

13

2

-

-

-

-

-

35

3 9 .0

1 0 5.00

1 0 6 .5 0

9 7 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 . CC

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

5

-

5

4

6

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
3

-

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P ittsb u rg h , P a . , January 1967)
N u m ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
Number
workers

hours1
standard)

$

Average
weekly

Sex, occu pation , and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
40

Mean2

Median 2

Middl e range 2

$
45

$

$
50

55

S

$
60

65

%

$
70

75

$

$
80

85

$

S
90

95

$
100

$

$
105

110

$
120

$
130

$

$
140

150

$
160

170

and
and

under
45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

over

WOME N - CONT IN UE D
SWIT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------RE TAIL TRADE -------------------SWITCH BO AR D OP ER AT OR -R E C E P T I C N I S T S MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------W H O L ES AL E TRADE ----------------

3 9 .5

$
8 0 .0 0

$

268

7 5 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

8 5 .5 0

-

-

-

11

4

39

79

42

25

13

8

11

6

22

7

1

233

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

7 4 .5 0

$
7 0 .5 0 -

$
8 1 .0 0

-

-

-

6

4

39

8

4

5

6

5

1

7 7 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0

-

-

-

6

-

23
-

11

-

79
-

42

-

2

12

18

22

9

18

53

25

4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0

10 3.50

64

4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0

7 5 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 -

7 9 .0 0

358

3 9 .0

8 5 .0 0

8 4 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0

_

7

_

26

44

37

37

40

184

3 9 .5

8 6 .5 0

8 9 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 -

9 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

16

1

10

14

14

36

3 9 .0

8 3 .0 0

8 3 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0

-

-

7

-

26
-

27

174

17

21

17

43

23

23

4

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

7

19

17

7

4

9

2

88

8 4 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0

-

~

T A B U L A TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLAS S B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

96

3 9 .0

1 0 0.00

9 6 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

_

68

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

8 9 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -

T A BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

65

3 8 .0

8 1 .5 0

8 2 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

9 4 .0 0

55

3 7 .5

7 8 .5 0

7 6 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------TYPISTS, CLAS S B --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------W H O L ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 4-------------------------- 1
6
5
4
3
2

9 9 .0 0

_

_
_

3 9 .C

7 7 .0 0

6 4 .CO-

9 2 .0 0

4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

9 5 .0 0

-

-

3 8 .5

7 4 .0 0

6 8 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 -

8 4 .0 0

-

-

67

4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0

8 1 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 -

9 5 .0 0

-

81

3 7 .5

6 8 .5 0

6 7 .0 0

5 9 .5 0 -

7 0 .0 0

"

_

_
_

8 3 .5 0

75

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

7 1 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 -

9 0 .0 0

337

3 7 .0

6 6 .5 0

6 5 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 -

7 0 .0 0

-

15

4

5

6

10

5

8

15

3

5

6

10

1

3

~

~

_
~

_

_

~

_

-

-

_

_

.

~

~

.

1

~

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4

11

8

6

6

5

8

8

8

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

19

6

34

5

5

3

“

2

-

15

27

31

46

52

83

75

52

32

35

77

29

14

1

-

-

-

24

38

67

53

41

17

26

2

3

1

1

15

14

16

22

11

15

49

24

2

15

2

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

27

31

9

75

26

13

-

-

-

12

-

3

6

8

3

1

5

11

10

13

-

-

13

“

7 8 .0 0

~

2
-

-

9 4 .0 0

6

1
-

-

7 1 .0 0 -

1

5

1
-

-

6 5 .0 0 -

8

3

8

8 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

6 1 .5 0 -

25

1

8
-

7 0 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

7 9 .0 0

3

6

5

7 5 .0 0

7 0 .5 0

5

7

10

9 0 .5 0

6 8 .0 0

6

28

6
-

1 0 3.50

8 2 .5 0

7

~

~

_

17

9 8 .5 0

7 1 .0 0

28

12

~

23

7 7 .0 0

7 4 .5 0

12

_

10

9 0 .0 0

3 7 .5

~

30

3 8 .5

3 8 .5

~

_

_

20

3 9 .0

4 0 .0

-

5

3 9 .0

59

-

-

7

72

222

-

-

12

99

842

-

-

9

296

_

_

-

4

5

_

-

_

-

14

-

8 3 .5 0

_

1
-

9

-

9 4 .5 0

4

10
-

11

-

6 3 .5 0 -

1

2

20

-

7 1 .5 0 -

10

20

11

_

8 0 .0 0

22

9
13

13

8 0 .5 0 -

7 1 .5 0

22

4

7 7 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

7 4 .5 0

5

45

8 7 .0 0

8 2 .5 0

5

16

8 6 .0 0

3 9 .0

3

16

8 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

9

_
_

_

32

8 7 .0 0

372

9

_

40

3 9 .5

1 ,2 1 4

_
~

"

1

_
_

40
-

4 0 .0

8 7 .0 0

3

_

4

_
_

3
-

273

6 4 .5 0 -

11

_

1

_

_

3
-

569

9 3 .0 0

_

12

~

3

94

7 2 .5 0

_

~

179

273

_

~

_

~

~

~

TR AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E NE RA L ------------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ----------------F I N A N C E 4--------------------------

_

1

37

_
_

13

4

20

10

10

12

8

5

2

-

2

-

-

-

4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

22

9

50

97

202

191

192

100

94

74

63

15

96

9

18

-

-

10

15

43

81

37

38

40

18

11

70

5

4

9

50

111

63

34

45

-

-

-

12

1

8

12

4

5

4

1

6

20

30

51

35

4

32

11

5

-

87

187

148

56

4

26

4

14

-

-

12

24

4

-

-

-

1

2

26

4

17

3

1

3

10

2

-

-

2

-

9

9

53

93

92

36

22

9

3

8

1

2

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at re g u la r and/or p rem iu m r a te s ), and the earnings c o rresp o n d
to th e s e w e e k ly h ou rs.
2 T h e m ean is com pu ted fo r each job by tota lin g the earnings o f a ll w o rk e rs and d ivid in g by the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m edian d esign a tes p o s itio n — h a lf o f the em p lo y e e s su rveyed r e c e iv e m o re
than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te shown. The m id d le range is d efin ed by 2 ra tes o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o rk e rs earn le s s than the lo w e r o f th ese ra tes and a fou rth earn m o re than the
h igh er r a te .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ica tio n , and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 F in a n c e , in su ra n ce, and r e a l e sta te.
5 M a y in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than those p resen ted s ep a ra tely .
6 D e s c r ip tio n fo r this o ccu p ation has been r e v is e d sin ce the last s u rv e y in this a re a .
See appendix A .




10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d iv is io n , Pittsb u rgh , P a ., January 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
TT J
Under

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

!i
80

80

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ----

1,034
858
176

$
$
$
$
40.0 170.00 168.50 153.50-184.50
40.0 172.50 171.00 154.50-188.50
40.0 156.50 162.00 135.00-173.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S3 -----------------------------

1,297
980
317
60

40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

144.00
147.50
132.50
152.50

142.50
144.50
129.00
148.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

654
473
181
42

40.0
40.0
39.5
39.0

113.00
117.50
101.00
113.00

114.00
99.50-126.50
117.50 105.00-131.00
91.50-111.00
101.00
113.00 103.00-126.00

DR AFTSMEN—TRACERS -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ —
WOMEN

176
144

40.0
40.0

94.50
97.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL {REGISTERED) --MANUFACTURING ---------------------

323
291

40.0 117.00 117.00 10 6. 50 -1 27 .CO
40.0 117.00 117.50 106.50-127.00

1
to these
2
3

92.50
96.00

131.00-159.00
136.00-161.50
120.50-150.00
136.00-166.50

i

'i

90

95

i(

100

$

■
t

105

110

!i

115

$

120

$

t

125

130

$
135

$

$

$

140

150

160

$

$

170

180

$

190

$

200

and
under

$

85
MEN

i
t

85

90

95

100

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

18
7
11

-

15
15

22
4
18

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

over

1
1

7
7

3
3

14
8
6

10
10

2

2

23
7
16

28
15
13

73
63
10

192
186
6

189
139
50

133
119
14

139
115
24

100
100
"

105
98
7

15
8
7

23

22

61
41
20

96
32
64
2

50
23
27
5

84
69
15
5

188
170
18
6

194
152
42
12

219
186
33
12

97
68
29
6

166
159
7

20
17
3
3

14
7
7
7

6
6

-

-

23
18
5
2

66
44
22
6

38
26
12
6

103
93
10

44
36

63
58

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

1

~

-

2

42
40
2
2

19
19
-

5

14
14
-

-

8

35
25
10

39
34

30
27

78
78

1C
8

6
4

14
10

1
1

”

~

“

-

“

~

13
8
5

“

110

-

~

“

105

-

-

-

-

_
-

~

9

8

14

14

~

32
23

-

9

1

58
46
12
3

61
33
28
3

42
12
30
5

5

“

13
“

~

1
1

2

64
61

5
5

31
23

42
39

(e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or p re m iu m

r a te s ),

Average
Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------- ------MANUF A C T U R I N b — ———— ———————————
NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------------------------

110
53
57

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
83.50
87.00
80.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

95
73

39.5
40.0

79.00
76.00

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLA55 A —— — — — — — — — — ———
NO NM AN UFACTURING ———— —————————

105
71

38.5
38.0

93.00
90.00

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE C P E R A T 0 R S ,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

383
124
259

38.0
39.5
37.5

76.00
82.00
72.50

See footn otes at end o f table.




Average

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

~

-

and the earn in gs c o rre s p o n d

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d ivisio n , P ittsb u rgh , Pa. , January 1967)

Weekly

-

~

21

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

-

7

Oi
cn
O 5 mUU~IUo • O i)
85.00-109.00

Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w eek f o r w hich em p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s
w e e k ly hours.
F o r d e fin itio n of te r m s , see footn ote 2, tab le A - l .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and o th er public u tilitie s .

Number
of

210
and

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

---------------

MMINU r A T T IIR T1 lib ———
n AMI IP A L I Ul> M C
M flN n A l i u r AT I llR
I i U l i MA Ml IP A L T U MTI tu

PUBLIC UT ILITIES2 ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PU R I L TT I I T T IL T T I L J 2 _____________ —_______
r U D lu U 1 1
l 11F^
y u Ui C j ALC TRAH P
n n n L pc a | c 1 t\MUC
RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------------------------------r i c R k c f r I iLpt ,f uLH O O
c l
r i ACC
V,LuiMVO
M A M rA l/ 1 llR l l«V9
rIA IfUllP A T T U KT M ^

Number
of

A
n

957
541
416
69
170
83
1,424
637
787
10 7
164
337
141
131
83

39.5
40 * 0
39.0
39.0
39.5
38.5

$
123.00
128.00
117.00
132.00
124.50
98.50

91.50
39.0
39.5
99.50
85.50
38.5
39.5 121.00
40.0
85.50
39.0
78.50
77.50
37.5
39. 0
40.0

98.00
97.00

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

Number
of
worker*

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

- CONT IN UE D

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------F I N A N C E 3--------------------------

416
151
265
86
110

39.0
40.0
38.5
40.0
37.5

$
74.50
77.50
73.00
73.50
69.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------F I N A N C E 3---------------------------------------------------

491
82
409
154

39.0
40.0
39.0
37.5

65.00
77.50
62.00
60.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------------

457
202
255
77
171

39.5
98.00
40.0 116.50
39.5
83.50
39.5
92.00
39.5
79.00

11

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d iv is io n , Pittsb u rgh , P a ., January 1967)
Average

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
standard) (standard)

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED
433
248
54

$
106 .0 0
3 9 .5 108 .5 0
3 9 .0 1 0 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 124 .0 0

SECRETARIES4 5 -

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED
1*241
615
626
148
110
154

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

S io .o o
1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
1A 1 AA
l u 1 • UU

-

39*0

9 3 .0 0

MANUFAC1URING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------- — —
WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------Kb I A ll. I RACE

347
105
242
93
118

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS D5--------------------MANliFACTUR I N O ----------- ------ - — -----NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------

1*086
672
41A
92
229

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0
9 0 . 50

k eypunch

OPERATORS* CLASS A — — — —
— —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2- -------------- -----FINANCE3— — ------- ------- ------- — -----4

767
438
329
110
64

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
106.50
8 1 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS B — — —
—
MANUrAC 1UK 1 Nb
— — -— —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ------------ — — —
WHOLESALE T R A D E -----—
--------------—
FINANCE ----------------------------------------

693

3 9 .5

2 ,0 3 3
1 ,0 2 4
1 ,0 0 9
250
109
89
367

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
39. 5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 6 . 00
8 0 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

376
82
91
134

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 1 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------ ---------------FINANCE 3---------- ------------- ------ -—
C » t NUUK Ar n CKot OUUUn
cc w in o
OTCWnr.D A DU CDC
UAMI 1 A t 1 ID TMlt
C
riANUr Ar TlUK 1liu
MDMMAMI IP MUIUKXNo _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
NUN PIANUi ATTlIR 1 Nfi
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ___ —
---------- - —
WHOLESALE TRADE — — —— — —
— —

1 ,2 0 4
718
486
156
161

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

ncrr/*p nnvc a kin r* r
U rr 1L c BUYo AND b I n I c
MAklilCArTIIDT INu
_
P AINUr A t 1UK 1LIT
I
"
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ------ —
-------------F I NANCE 3—
—— — — — — — — — —
—
—
—

481
202
279
71
87

3 9 .0

SWITCHB0AR0 OPERATORS * CLASS A ------------------------MAM Id ACTIID TK IC _________ —
l
nAnurAL 1Ur\l ITO
NONMANUFACTURI NG
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------------------

20 2
117
85
35

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------llUnnAliUr AL 1Uni ITU
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------- ----- — —
QCTAf 1 TPAHP
KCIAXL. IKAUC

268
233
25
64

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTION I STSMANUFACTURING —
— — — — — — —
M MAMHP ATT! IQ XNH
OW
NUNPiANUr Ab 1UK T No " “ "
WHOLESALE TRADE * ---------------- ■------

358
184
174
88

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

221
168
53
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

284
153

7 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

fr r n c u n ic
_
bkvKbTiA K lC rj4 5
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------iinii u a in ir a n n in f nr —
NUNMANUrAC TUK i Nb
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----* --------- * ----i-i»»n i m i r* rn Arc
WnUtt5ALC IKAUC
nr r a t * m i n e
R E TA IL IKAU c

3 .6 2 5
2, 150
1.4 7 5
346
233

39 5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

F I N A N C E ---------------------------------—
-----

487

3 7 .0

111 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 0 8.50
123.00
111.50
108 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES* CLASS A --------------------u a in ir a r* 1UK i No
i/
riAiNUrAU *ri m t k ^
— — —
— —
im iiu a in ir at f in f Nb
NUNMANUrAC nUK1 nr “ — —.. —_— — — —
— — . — — —— —
—

196
96
100

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

134.00
1 34.00
134.50

SECRETARIES* CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U U L I 1 1tb — —
— —
.
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------—
F IN A N C E --------------- ------------------- —

638
320
318

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 20.00
1 21.50
118 .0 0

MANUFACTURING
MHMMAMIIP mu THR T iiu _ _ _ _ _ ---_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
n u lln «n u r AT i ukx NG
PIIRI Xv IITTI I ■
--rUDL IC U 14 LXT I1CJ

74
77

3 9 .5
3 7 .0

112*00
1 11.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B — — —
— — --------------------—
----- — _ ----—
u m iiir i r i n XNo
rlAIMUrAbn1UK TAir
iinii u a All IC AT 1UK x Kir
NuNMANUrAC Tl ID T Nb *

g

128
86
36

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
8 6 .5 0
78. 50
77 • 00

—
MANUFACTURING —
— —
— — — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — — —
WHOLESALE TRADE —
— —
— —
—
F I NANCE — ----- — — —
—
---------— — —
—

276
97
179
67
81

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

7 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
74. 00
8 3 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

Tvnr j T o * r L A a p fl —.. — —
1 Tr 1 r 1 f
t i ac j a . —
— — —.. — — —
— — .—
—
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — —
—
— —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 - — ----------------—
F I NANCE — — — — — —
—
— — —

600
295
305
77
99

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

8 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 . 50
1 00.50
77. 00

T Y P IS T S * CLASS B — — — — — — — — —
— —— — — — —
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
—
— — — —
WnMMAKIIlCArTIIDT Kir
___
iMuiirmniurML i ukx i\u _ _ _ _ _
mini Tr i i i U T T rp
.— — — — — —
PUBLIC Utrt i fT I E o 2 — — — — — —
i.iiirti cp A i c rn * nc
WHUL t o a L h TKAut
ncTA i TKAut
.. .. _ _.. _ _ _ _
. .^ . .
—
_
_
K t l A lrL Tn ar c —
c t kiA k r c 3
i
... — ' ........
r XNANCC
~

1 ,2 5 0
40 5
61
222
75
338

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38*5
37 • 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

7 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
74. 50
77 • 50
6 6 .5 0

— —— —
— —
— —
— —
— — — —

1*034
858
1 7o .
H a

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 70.00
172 .5 0
156.50

n n iP T P u ru
_
—
—
—
—
—
DRAFTSMEN# CLASS B — —
MANUFACTURING — — — — — —— — —
—
—
NON MANUF ACTUR I NG — — — — —
—
niioiLlC U l111 1 it c p _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
rUD rr i i t t i t t t o ^

1 ,3 0 2
982
32C
63

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
38 • 5

1 44.00
147 .5 0
132.50
1 51.50

DRAFTSMEN# CLASS C — — — — — — —
—
MANUFACTURING — — -------- ---------------NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
—
—
—
nnoi j r i i t t iV t t i c c ^ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
rUDUlb Ul X . X 1 I C o

685
498
187
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

113.50
1 18.00
1 0 1.00
111.50

DRAFTSMEN TRACERS
UAklllClPTlinTIlP
— —
— — —
MANUrACFUKINb — — — — — — —
kinki u a kii ic a r JUKINb
NUNMANUrAC t i i n r kin — — — —..... — — —
— —— — — ——
—

256
148
108

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 1 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

329
297

40 0 117.00
4 0 .0 117 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
r* r kirn * i
...
. . . . . .
b tN tK A L

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN# CLASS A — —
—
u aaii ir APTim ▼
kir
MANUrAC IUKINb — — —
—
—
KIHKIUAK ICAU Tl in XNo * —
it
l/
NUNnANUT AP 1UK T fc *

niTuk
nrrr

TABULATING-MACHINE CFERATORS,

(REGISTERED) ----______________

1 Standard hours r e f le c t the w o rk w eek fo r w hich em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e r tim e at r e g u la r and/or p rem iu m
c o rre s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly h ou rs.
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate.
4 M ay in clu de w o r k e r s o th e r than those p resen ted sep a ra tely.
5 D e s c r ip tio n f o r this occu p ation has been r e v is e d since the la s t su rvey in this a re a .
See appendix A .




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C —
— — — — — — —— — ——
—— — —
— — — —
NONMANUFACTURING — — — — —
—
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1 ---------------- -----2

3 9 . 5 1 0 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 0 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL
m /iMiip AU1UKXINU
rlMINUr a r t u p i mt

8^
..........

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

r a te s ), and the earnings

12
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a ., January 1967)
N u m ber of w o rk e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earnings

Hourly earnings 1

$
2 .3 0

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workers

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

$
3 .6 0

S

(

$

$

$

$

3 .3 0

3 .7 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

2 .4 0

Number

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

over

l

-

19
8
11
6

67
54
13
10

29
8
21
21

150
101
49
4

16
16

298
275
23
4

45
45

4
2
2

75
72
3
3

64

-

20
9
11
8

131
85
46

278
273
5
-

126
119
7
3

420
382
38
2

412
380
32
16

75
72
3
1

149
122
27
27

42

120

35

118

“

26
23
3
-

103
57
46
41

25
17
8
8

90
52
38
34

U nder
S
and
2 .3 0 under

$

3 .3 4
3 .3 5
3 .1 9
3 .0 7

$
3 .1 6 3 .1 9 3 .1 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 8 3 .2 9 3 .1 4 3 .0 8 -

3 .6 8
3 .6 5
3 .7 9
3 .8 5

-

$

$

3 .4 2
3 .3 8
3 .6 0
3 .2 2

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

835
653
182
62

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE ----- ---MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2 , 148
1 ,8 7 3
275
124

3 .5 2
3 .5 1
3 .5 8
3 .5 6

3 .4 8
3 .4 9
3 .4 8
3 .6 5

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------

704
464
240
60

3 .3 6
3 .3 4
3 .4 0
3 .7 6

3 .3 4
3 .2 9
3 .3 9
3 .7 5

3 .0 2 3 .0 2 3 .0 0 3 .7 1 -

3 .7 2
3 .6 0
3 .8 0
3 .8 0

9
9
-

*

6
6

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

422
399

2 .9 4
2 .9 5

3 .0 1
3 .0 4

2 . 7 4 - 3 .2 3
2 .7 3 - 3 .2 3

17
16

36
36

22
22

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

2 ,0 2 5
1 ,8 7 1
154
128

2 .8 4
2 .8 4
2 .8 6
2 .8 5

2 .7 5
2 .7 3
2 .8 2
2 .8 1

2 .6 5 - 3 .0 7
2 .6 5 - 3 .0 8
2 .7 5 - 3 .0 3
2 .7 5 - 2 .9 6

9
4
5
-

24
24
-

59
59
-

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM ~
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

655
652

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 .4 2
3 .4 2

3 .1 4 3 .1 4 -

3 .7 2
3 .7 2

_

_

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

1 ,9 7 9
1 ,9 1 7
62

3 .7 7
3 .7 7
3 .6 1

3 .5 8
3 .5 8
3 .5 5

3 .4 7 - 4 .1 9
3 .4 7 - 4 .2 0
3 .4 4 - 3 .6 0

_
-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

739
347
392
317

3 .5 4
3 .5 5
3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .5 6
3 .6 7
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .3 8 - 3 .7 7
3 .3 1 - 3 .8 3
3 . 4 3 - 3 .6 1
3 .5 0 - 3 .6 1

MECHANICS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

3 ,1 4 8
3 ,0 3 7
111
47

3 .3 6
3 .3 5
3 .4 3
3 .3 9

3 .3 8
3 .3 8
3 .4 4
3 .1 0

3 .1 7 3 .1 7 3 .0 8 3 .0 5 -

3 .4 8
3 .4 8
3 .7 4
3 .7 8

-

OILERS --------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

524
524

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

2 .8 3
2 .8 3

2 .6 6 2 .6 6 -

3 .0 5
3 .0 5

4
4

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

499
349
150
40

3 .2 2
3.2 1
3 .2 4
3 .4 0

3 .1 5
3 .1 5
3 .1 6
3 .5 2

3 .0 9 3 .0 7 3 .1 1 3 . C l-

3 .2 6
3 .2 5
3 .2 9
3 .7 5

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

1,228
1,1 2 3
105

3 .3 7
3 .3 7
3 .3 4

3 .3 5
3 .3 5
3 .3 5

3 .2 6 3 .2 6 3 .3 1 -

3 .4 2
3 .4 3
3 .3 9

-

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------

83

3 .4 1

3 .4 2

3 .0 9 -

3 .5 8

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

216
188

3 .4 5
3 .4 6

3 .4 6
3 .4 7

3 .1 9 3 .2 1 -

3 .6 0
3 .5 9

_

-

-

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

732
732

3 .7 1
3.7 1

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 .4 9 - 4 .1 0
3 .4 9 - 4 .1 0

_

1
2
3
4

3 .4 9
3 .4 6
3 .9 1
3 .5 3

-

-

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

-

-

*

29

61
32 9

3
3

_
"

11
11
2

74
72
2
2

69
36
33
"

36
34
2
-

58
46
12
"

68
51
17
1

51
20
31
-

62
56
6
“

39
34
5
~

_

15
15

37
37

54
44

28
16

35
35

47
47

93
93

24
24

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

27
27
-

768
768
-

249
183
66
63

71
43
28
28

133
124
9
9

244
212
32
26

252
244
8
2

182
176
6

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

_

8
8

3
3

17
17

28
28

72
72

95
95

3
3

94
94

40
40

96
93

24
24

64
64

_
-

1
1

32
32
*

4
4

40
34
6

156
150
6

62
60
2

278
274
4

547
517
30

78
78

5
4
1

14

140

128

98

396

14

140

128

85

396

~

1
1
-

29
29

20
13
7
5

17
14
3
1

58
24
34
22

70
22
48
48

53
43
10

190
4
186
159

78
30
48
46

45
41
4
”

126

71
71
-

Ill

450
450
-

-

250
217
33
25

“

360
359
1
~

376
370
6
3

881
845
36
-

186
185
1
1

153
153
“

95
79
16
9

24
21
3
3

19
10
9
8

1
1
1

44
38
6
6

70
65
5

22
22
“

84
76
8

34
32
2

_
-

-

_
-

~

~

_
-

_
-

1
1

4
4
-

25
25
-

~

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

12
12
-

9
9
-

17
17

143
143

42
42

103
103

50
50

18
18

90
90

6
6

10
9
1
-

23
11
12
10

97
89
8
5

219
138
81
1

29
23
6

5
1
4

8
8
-

3
3
~

21
21
-

65
51
14

163
156
7

73
73
-

577
512
65

4
4

21
21

3
3

-

2

3

-

-

-

“

~

-

1
1
“

-

-

-

-

5

2

14

-

2

15

18

9

3

7

16

_

-

_

-

-

-

5
5

6
6

23
16

23
19

10
10

19
13

37
37

41
40

17
14

3

12

4

_

_

-

_

_

_

“

-

“

-

2
2

2
2

10
10

15
15

41
41

130
130

143
143

141
141

21
21

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

2

3

“

-

1
1

3

4

28

7

2

-

6

28

7

2

-

6

13

118

33
26
7

9
9

1

-

11
10

3

7

57
45

101
IOC

1

2

_

-

1

111
-

78

20
20

2
2

7

26
26

-

98

_
-

_
-

4
4
-

-

13
13
-

_

1

16
14
2
-

~
_

-

_
-

-

-

1

E xclu des p re m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
F o r d efin itio n o f te r m s , see footn ote 2, table A - l .
W o rk e rs w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 7 at $ 4.80 to $ 5; 4 at $ 5 to $ 5.20; 16 at $ 5.20 to $ 5.40; and 2 at $ 5.40 and o v e r.
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s .




$

6
2
2
79

10

78

10

1

14
14
28

182

28

182

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a ., January 1967)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs of—

Hourly earnings
%

O c c u p a tio n * and in d u stry d iv is io n
1

of
workers

Under
Me an 3

M e di an 3

Middl e range3

ELEV AT OR OPERATORS, PA SSENGER
IWOMEN) ------------------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------GUARDS AND W A T C HM EN -----------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------GUARDS:
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------WATCHMEN:
M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS --M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG - - --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------F I N A N C E 5-------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AKD CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------- * --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- -NO NM AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------RE TA IL TRADE -------------------LABORERS, MATE RI AL H A N D LI NG -------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --- -----------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 4 --------------WHOL ES AL E T R AD E ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

108

$
2 .2 3

$
2 .1 6

$
2 .1 2 -

$
2 .2 0

102

2 .2 0

2 .1 6

2 .1 2 -

2 .1 9

111

1 .9 8

2 .0 8

1 .7 7 -

2 .1 5

91

1 .9 5

2 .1 0

1 .7 4 -

2 .1 6

2 ,0 1 5

2 .5 7

2 .7 6

2 .4 0 -

2 .8 7

1 ,5 2 5

2 .7 7

2 .8 2

2 .6 4 -

490

1 .9 3

1 .5 9

1 .3 3 -

1 ,2 5 7

2 .8 2

2 .8 3

2 .6 8 -

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

over

-

-

-

-

12

71

10

4

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

71

10

4

5

~

"

“

“

1

_

_

_

“

“

and

$
l . 20

ELEV AT OR OPERATORS, PA SS EN GE R ----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

$

1 .3 0

Nu mb e r

-

and

under

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

~

"

_

_

6

19

6

19
5
5

6

3

6

84
-

106

2 .8 8

2
-

-

-

9

24
-

2 .3 9

2

84

106

28

27

24

2 .8 9

_

29

45

_

2

~

10

44

-

2

_

9

33

52

12

110

196

400

587

229

36

56

-

7

12

50

6

40

184

367

583

174

30

“

2

21

2

6

70

12

33

4

55

6

12

3

_

46

6

26

92

277

531

174

30

55

-

28

36

_
_

_

8

55

2
-

8

-

-

1

2

~

**

*

-

8

2 .5 6

2 .6 3

2 .4 5 -

2 .7 8

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

7

-

4

-

14

92

90

52

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .1 9

2 .3 1

2 .0 2 -

2 .4 2

112

52

338

354

384

1131

707

312

98

29

13

12

24

6

15

40

115

1031

488

179

96

29

1
-

_

10

2
-

-

2 .5 4

2
-

1

2 .3 3 -

203
-

75

2 .3 8

115
-

326

2 .4 4

14
-

116

2 ,0 5 8

35
-

-

-

-

2 .2 5

35

14

88
-

46

323

100

219

133

2

-

25

57

120

-

-

2
-

1
-

1
-

-

1

2
-

-

33

314
-

269

6

-

-

3

3

11

8

6

15

32

13
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

_

2

2

1

1

_

_

_

2 ,3 4 9

1 .9 8

2 .0 6

115

203

106

313

63

245

2 .5 0

2 .5 9

2 .3 7 -

2 .7 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

92

2 .3 4

2 .4 0

2 .1 7 -

2 .5 1

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
-

370

2 .0 0

2 .0 4

1 .9 4 -

2 .0 8

-

3

6

10

20

17

20

11

13

221

32

4

3

2

656

2 .2 1

2 .2 0

2 .1 4 -

2 .2 7

~

9

1

2

2

1

12

3

11

32

256

226

21

80

10

37
-

251

269
-

73
-

55

101

570

407

41

136

31

20

122

1

_

_

_

_

5

-

34

4

19

53

6

16

101

2

1

-

-

-

-

-

251
-

269

73

50

101

536

403

22

83

25

4

21

17

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

37

-

-

1

3

2

10

13

5

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

16

2

4

2

75

5

2

12

9
-

19

57

24

44

129

126

-

-

48

12

9

19

9

24

-

-

9

£4

1 .6 4 -

2 ,1 4 3

1 .7 9

1 .8 5

1 .4 9 -

1 .9 6

241

2 .2 6

2 .2 9

2 .0 9 -

2 .5 2

-

1 ,9 0 2

1 .7 3

1 .8 3

1 .4 7 -

1 .9 2

133

2 .1 8

2 .1 5

2 .1 1 -

2 .1 9

10
-

106

1 .7 6

1 .8 4

1 .8 0 -

1 .8 8

-

-

-

3 ,6 4 6

2 .8 1

2 .7 2

2 .4 3 -

3 .2 3

-

1

4

4

2 ,2 5 7

2 .7 4

2 .6 0

2 .4 1 -

2 .9 2

-

-

-

-

1 ,3 8 9

2 .9 1

2 .9 0

2 .4 9 -

3 .3 3

-

1

4

4

-

-

-

-

587

3 .1 6

3 .2 7

3 .2 1 -

2 .6 6

2 .8 0

2 .4 1 -

2 .8 7

79

5

-

19

_
-

34
34

79

448

728

420

471

202

524

200

-

96

7

389

588

353

252

172

54

184

80

90
-

21
-

44

33

72

59

14C

67

219

30

470

16

46

90

21

12

-

49

69

5

450

2

14

30

34

81

8

142

14

20

_

-

_

_

-

7
37

19

42

23

33

6

2

11

-

14

46

90

21

-

30

10

35

7

181

354

266

95

-

163

168

49

30

8

12

-

32

103

60

91

113

-

-

23

7

149

168

-

44

3 .3 4

350

-

-

12

9

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

2 .4 5

2 .0 7 -

3 .8 1

-

1

4

4

OR DE R F I L L E R S ------------------- * MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------W H OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------R E TA IL TRADE --------------------

1 ,3 5 9

2 .9 7

2 .9 1

2 .6 5 -

3 .4 6

_

-

-

_

449

2 .9 2

2 .9 6

2 .6 8 -

3 .4 1

-

2 .9 9

2 .8 9

2 .6 4 -

3 .4 9

484

2 .7 5

2 .7 3

2 .6 0 -

2 .9 2

-

-

-

910

-

-

426

3 .2 6

3 .6 1

2 .8 1 -

3 .7 6

-

“

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

932

2 .6 4

2 .6 5

2 .3 6 -

2 .9 1

-

-

_

_

_

4

776

2 .6 7

2 .6 6

2 .3 8 -

2 .9 4

-

-

2 .4 3

2 .3 4 -

2 .7 3

2 .6 7

2 .7 2

2 .4 9 -

2 .7 7

-

-

-

-

4

81

-

-

-

2 .5 0

-

-

156
75

2 .3 1

2 .3 5

2 .3 1 -

2 .3 8

-

-

4

RECE IV IN G CLERKS --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- ---N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WH OLESALE TRAD E ---------------RE TA IL TRADE --------------------

389

2 .7 9

2 .7 8

2 .6 1 -

2 .9 8

-

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

11

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-




-

268

2 .8 1

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le.

1

4 ,4 0 7

423

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ---NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------WH OL ES AL E TR A D E ----------------

_

•

-

168

2 .8 4

2 .7 9

2 .7 0 -

2 .9 5

221

2 .7 6

2 .7 7

2 .3 7 -

2 .9 9

109

2 .8 2

2 .8 8

2 .7 1 -

2 .9 6

-

96

2 .8 0

2 .5 1

2 .3 2 -

3 .5 8

-

343

2 .8 7

2 .8 8

2 .7 3 -

3 .0 6

_

234

2 .8 9

2 .9 0

2 .7 5 -

3 .0 8

-

-

109

2 .8 3

2 .8 4

2 .7 1 -

2 .9 8

-

-

83

2 .8 5

2 .8 6

2 .7 3 -

2 .9 7

“

-

-

1

-

16

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

_

23

48

8

100

-

48

-

100

-

8

-

-

_

251

206

4

-

120

207

113

-

-

7

29

44

93

4

116

98

294

129

35

50

-

_

_

49

-

-

-

-

-

6

168

49

33

50

8

9

31

50

2

-

-

55

74

240

126

35

61

24

54

3

-

-

-

7

15

54

3

-

11

_

8

-

-

54

-

3

8

31

26

111

101

38

16

4

-

-

1

4

-

4

80

46

20

13

-

13

2

4

31

22

31

55

18

3

4

1

9

-

-

-

-

-

7

10

28

53

7

-

4

-

-

2

3

24

12

3

2

11

-

1

9

2

5

19

32

58

111

90

20

1

11
9

-

_

9

-

-

13

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

18

21

28

71

77

-

-

1

-

1

3

11

30

40

13

~

~

“

_

1

”

24

37

7

8

2

7

1

8

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

9

14

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

14

-

_

_

-

-

4

_

1

-

~

~

"

■

5

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , P itts b u rg h , P a ., January 1967)
Hourly earnings1
2

N u m ber of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs of—

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
1 .3 0

%

1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0

$
$
$
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0

$
$
$
2 .1 0 2..20 2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

S
2 .6 0

S
2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
$
3 .4 0 3 .6 0

1 .3 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0 2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

3
3
-

5
5
4

10
8
2
2

12
11
1

4
4
-

16
9
7
3

80
41
39
8

38
11
27
16

54
21
33
21

6
6
6

3
3
3

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

4
4
1

50
50
-

9
9
9

21
14
7
7

8
8
-

35
30
5
5

145
71
74
22
44
**

547
343
204
24
179
~

752 1806
129
130
623 1676
41 1561
99
287
295
16

730
415
315
2
304
9

422
231
191
191

176
24
152
48
104

24
3
21
1
20

14
9
5
“

55
15
40
20

33
27
6
2

154
1
153
20

3
3

65
65
-

-

-

_
-

21
21
“

87
54
33
32

190
51
139
135

343
17
326
143

379
111
268
84

309
300
9
“

219
219
-

_

_
-

88
48
40

93
93
~

587
587
587

262
4
258
2

203
12
191
”

105
105

213
213
15

94
46
48
48

-

~

146
10
136
136

36
29
7
-

5
5

U nder
$

1.20

231

2 .9 3

$
2 .9 6

$

SHIPPING AND RE CE IV IN G CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

2 .8 2 -

2 .8 4

2 .8 9

2 .6 4 -

3 .0 7

126

3 .0 0

3 .0 3

2 .8 5 -

3 .3 1

63

3 .0 9

3 .0 9

2 .9 5 -

3 .3 5

T R U C K D R I V E R S 6 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------5
WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

4 ,7 3 0

3 .2 7

3 .3 4

3 .1 1 -

3 .4 2

$

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WH OLESALE TRADE ---------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

1 ,4 4 8

3 .1 9

3 .3 5

2 .8 7 -

3 .4 8

3 .3 0

3 .3 4

3 .1 7 -

3 .3 9

1,668

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

3 .3 4

3 .3 2 -

3 .3 7

3 .2 2

3 .1 7

3 .0 1 -

and

3 .4 8

3 .4 6

3 .1 5 -

-

_
-

_
-

3 .7 7

380

2 .9 1

3 .1 2

2 .7 0 -

3 .1 8

167

2 .7 9

2 .8 5

2 .0 8 -

3 .4 4

213

3 .0 1

3 .1 3

2 .8 4 -

3 .1 7

45

2 .8 4

2 .6 9

2 .6 4 -

3 .1 5

1 ,5 9 2

3 .2 4

3 .3 1

3 .C 5 -

3 .4 5

801

3 .3 6

3 .4 5

3 .3 3 -

3 .7 1

791

3 .1 1

3 .1 5

3 .0 1 -

3 .2 8

394

3 .0 3

3 .0 3

2 .9 5 -

3 .3 8

3 .1 0

_
-

_

160

1,200
589

576

3 .3 3 -

3 .5 0

3 .0 4

2 .9 8 -

3 .0 9

3 .4 7

3 .4 0

3 .3 4 -

3 .6 2

3 .3 2

3 .3 5

3 .3 2 -

3 .3 2

3 .0 4 “

3 .3 8

_

_

_

_

-

“

“

-

-

“

~

~

~

“

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
~

-

-

179

3 .1 0

2 .8 9

2 .8 4 -

3 .4 4

397

3 .2 7

3 .3 3

3 .1 2 -

3 .2 1

3 .1 3

3 .0 6 -

3 .3 9

-

1 ,8 9 2

2 .9 4

2 .8 5

2 .6 6 -

3 .1 8

_

2 .8 9

-

“

_
-

”

_
”

_

_

_

-

~

“

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

“

-

_
-

"

”

_
~

7
7

19
12
7

8
8
-

_

_

_

_

~

-

-

“

50
50
-

_

_

_
“

_

2
2
2

4
4
1

”

"

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

-

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

3 .3 8

199

_

_

_

_

3 .3 7

3 .2 1

_
-

_
”

3 .1 7

3 .4 2

_
~

2 .8 0

2 .6 4 -

3 .0 9

251

3 .3 3

3 .3 4

2 .9 7 -

3 .8 1

81

3 .3 2

3 .3 4

3 .3 2 -

3 .3 7

94

2 .9 5

2 .9 3

2 .7 7 -

3 .0 5

114

3 .1 9

3 .3 1

2 .8 6 -

3 .1 9

3 .3 1

2 .8 6 -

~

“

-

3 .3 8

1 ,0 9 6

3 .3 8

1 ,6 4 1

1,

**

Data lim ite d to m en w o rk e rs excep t w h ere oth e rw is e in dicated.
E x clu d es p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h o lid a ys, and late sh ifts.
F o r d e fin itio n of te rm s , see footn ote 2, table A - l .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u nication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te.
Includes a ll d r iv e r s , as defined, r e g a r d le s s of s iz e and type of tru ck op era ted .




2..30 2 .4 0

3 .4 4

641

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------

3 .2 9

961

1 ,3 6 0

$
4 .2 0

over

$

3 ,2 8 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

$
%
3 .8 0 4 .0 0

and
under

3 .2 2

105

$
1 .2 0

_
“

_
~

8
B
~

_
-

24
24
“

_
~

35
35
“

-

-

1
1
_
1

-

-

~

208
207
1
1
~

592
553
39
1
36

335
308
27
4
20

243
212
31
3
28

193
121
72
72
~

13C
120
10
10

26
26

110
98

265
265

63
63

472
470

131
131

8
8
“
104
104

16
16
61
_
61
-

2
2
~

-

22
3
19
“

1
1
“

-

_
_

-

-

9
6
3
-

18
18

15
11

19
19

_

-

8
8

15

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ied in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tra n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
In e xp erien ce d

ty p ists

M an u factu rin g
M in im u m

w ee k ly

s tra ig h t-tim e

s a la r y 1

B a s e d

A ll

O ther

on

stan d ard

w ee k ly

h ours 3

in [ e x p e r i e n c e d

c le ric a l

M an u factu rin g

N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g

o f—

A ll

B a s e d

w o rk e rs

2
1

N o n m an u factu rin g

on

stan d ard

w ee k ly

h ours 3

of—

in d u stries

in d u strie s
A ll

A ll

A ll

sch e d u les

40

sch e d u les

3 7 V 2

40

sc h e d u le s

A ll
40

sch e d u les

37 V 2

40

E sta b lish m e n ts

s t u d i e d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

218

77

XXX

141

XXX

XXX

218

77

XXX

141

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts

h avin g

m i n i m u m ---------------------------------

111

52

46

59

13

34

118

51

46

67

14

39

$ 5 0 . 0 0 __________________________________________________________________________

1

_

_

1

1

_

2

_

_

2

1

_
4

U n d e r

a

sp e c ifie d

$ 50. 00

and

u n d e r

$ 5 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________________

11

1

-

10

2

5

13

2

-

11

2

$ 52. 50

and

u n d er

$ 5 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________________________

4

1

1

3

-

1

3

1

1

2

-

1

$ 5 5 .0 0

and

u n d e r

$ 5 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________________________

8

2

2

6

2

3

7

2

2

5

2

3

4

4

9

15

4

$ 5 7 .5 0

and

u n d er

$ 6 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________________

13

1

6

4

11

1

8

$ 6 0 .0 0

and

u n d e r

$ 6 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________________________

9

3

2

6

1

4

8

1

1

7

1

5

$ 62. 50

and

u n d e r

$ 6 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________________________

8

4

4

4

2

2

11

3

3

8

3

3

$ 6 5 .0 0

and

u n d e r

$ 6 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

9

6

4

3

1

1

11

7

5

4

1

3

$ 67. 50

and

u n d e r

$ 7 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________________

8

4

3

4

-

4

8

5

4

3

-

3

2

1

$ 70. 00

and

u n d e r

$ 7 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

4

3

3

1

-

1

3

2

1

-

$ 72. 50

and

unde r

$ 7 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

8

5

5

3

2

1

8

5

5

3

2

$ 7 5 .0 0

and

u n d er

$ 7 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

6

5

4

1

-

1

6

5

5

1

-

1

$ 7 7 .5 0

and

u n d er

$ 8 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________________________

3

1

1

2

-

2

3

1

1

2

-

2

$ 80. 00

and

u n d e r

$ 8 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

6

6

6

-

-

-

7

6

6

1

-

1

1

$ 8 2 .5 0

and

u n d er

$ 8 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________________________

2

-

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

1

-

1

$ 8 5 .0 0

and

u n d e r

$ 8 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

2

1

1

1

1

-

3

1

1

2

1

-

1

-

-

$ 8 7 .5 0

and

u n d e r

$ 9 0 . 0 0 ______________________________________________________

6

4

4

2

-

$ 9 0 . 00

and

u n d er

$ 9 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

$ 92. 50

and

u n d er

$ 9 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

u n d er

$ 9 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________________________

3

2

2

1

-

1

2

1

1

1

-

u n d er

$ 1 0 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________________________

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

1

$ 9 5 .0 0

and

$ 9 7 . 50

and

not

-

1

1
“

XXX

32

XXX

XXX

45

11

XXX

34

XXX

XXX

c a t e g o r y __________________________________________________________________________

64

15

XXX

49

XXX

XXX

54

15

XXX

39

XXX

XXX

a v a i l a b l e _________________________________________________________________________

1

XXX

XXX

1

XXX

1

XXX

XXX

w h ic h

this

3

10

h a vin g

E sta b lish m e n ts
in

3

42

E sta b lish m e n ts

D a ta

4

no

did

sp e c ifie d

not

m i n i m u m ______________________

e m p lo y

w o rk e rs

XXX

1

1 T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f ic e g ir l.
3 D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d if f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m ou n t o f d i f f e r e n t ia l,
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S ec o n d s h ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly woir k in g on—

S eco n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o t a l ____________________________________________________

99. 0

97. 0

25. 2

13. 3

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________________

99. 0

97. 0

25. 2

13. 3

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) _______________________

87. 9

85. 9

22. 8

12. 6

4 c e n t s __________________________________________
5 c e n t s __________________________________________
6 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 c e n t s __________________________________________
7 l/z c e n t s ________________________________________
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
9 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n t s _________________________________________
11 c e n t s _________________________________________
12 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------12 V2 c e n t s ______________________________________
13 c e n t s _________________________________________
14 c e n t s _________________________________________
15 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------16 c e n t s _________________________________________
18 c e n t s _________________________________________

.4
3. 1
3. 7
.4
62. 7
1. 9
9. 2
1 .4
1. 7
3. 0

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e _____________________________
5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

. 5

-

11.
3.
1.
6.

1
7
0
3

_

11.
2.
1.
7.

_

( 2)
1

1. 0
.4
.4
.4
.9
1. 7
5. 2
1. 5
63. 6
3. 1
1. 1
3. 0
2. 0
.4
1. 1
1
9
0
1

.6
.7

( 2)
( 2)

. 1
. 2
. 3
. 6
. 1
10. 3
. 3
.2
. 1
. 3
. 1
. 1

-

17. 3
. 3
2. 5
. 2
. 5
. 7
( 2)

-

2.
1.
.
1.

4
1
1
2

. 7

. 1
. 1
. 5

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ift s ,
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e r a t in g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h ifts

17

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours1
6
5
4
3
2
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P itts b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly h ou rs

A l l w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------

U n d e r 35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------35 h ou rs ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 5 and u n d e r 37V2 h o u r s --------------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 383 4 h o u r s ----------------------/
383 4 h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------/
O v e r 383 and u n d e r 40 h o u r s --------------------------/4
40 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 40 and u n d er 48 h o u r s ------------------------------48 h o u rs and o v e r -----------------------------------------------

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

( 6)
1

2

( 6)
1
1
-

1
-

-

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

100

c

92

93

3

2

2

2

O ffic e w o r k e r s
R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

3

-

( 6)
8

10
8
63

99

92

5
86
8

-

-

-

-

1

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

5

( 6)
3

( 6)
70

( 6)

1
40
-

93

59

( 6)

-

-

( 6)

2
22

1
2

6
-

2

10
87
-

2

1
86
( 6)

2

8
8
-

3

1 S c h e d u le d h o u rs a r e the w e e k ly h ou rs w h ich a m a jo r it y o f the f u ll- t im e w o r k e r s w e r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e th e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a ig h t - t im e o r o v e r t im e r a t e s .
2 In c lu d e s d ata f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




18
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b er o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , P itts b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m

A l l w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s _________ _________ __________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s _____________________________________

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 1
2

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 3

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u t il i t i e s 2

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

90

100

100

100

100

100

100

10

2

N u m b e r o f days

L e s s than 6 h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s __________________________ __________________
6 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
6 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------6 h o lid a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s _________________________
7 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d ay_______ _____ _____
9 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o lid a y s plu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
10 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
11 h o lid a y s _______________________ _______________ —
12 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________

1
12
1
55
( 5)
( 5)
19
( 5)
6
1
1

.
2
1
71
(5)
1
16
8
1

2
2
22
3
45
8
19
-

_
45
42
3
10
( 5)
-

4
56
11
1
18
( 5)
-

(5)
11
2
2

1
3

1

( 5)
1
1
61
5
1
20
8
-

1

( 5)

(5)
46
2
(5 )
21
2
7
( 5)
5

_

_

2
3
7
47
12
30
-

5
8
30
47
4
5
1
-

( 5)
60
13
19
2
7
-

(5)

“
“

"

_
-

_
-

'

_
11
2
61
2
8
4
1
3
3
4
1

“

T o t a l h o lid a y t im e 6

12 d a y s __________________________________________________
11 d a ys o r m o r e __________________________________
I 0 V 2 d ays o r m o r e ______________________ _______ 10 d a ys o r m o r e _______ ___________________________
9 d a ys o r m o r e _______________________________________
8 ^ /2
days o r m o r e _____________________________________
8 days o r m o r e ----- ----------------- ----------------------7Vz d ays o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 d a ys o r m o r e ________________ __ __________________
6 V 2 days o r m o r e ---------------------- -----------------6 days o r m o r e _______________________ __ --------- _
5 d a ys o r m o r e _______________________________________
4 d a ys o r m o r e ____________________________
______ _
3 d a ys o r m o r e _______________________________________
2 d ays o r m o r e _______________________________________
1 d a y o r m o r e _________________________________________

_
1
1
2
8
9
28
29
84
85
97
97
97
97
97
98

_

100

_
19
27
27
72
75
97
97
98

100

99

100

18
19
30
30
87
87

100

99

100

88

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

89
89
90

1
1
1
9
9
26
26
97
98

(5)

10
13
55
55
100
100
100

(5)
(5)

( 5)

1
2
7
13

15
37
39
87
89

_

Q
(
(5)
9
9

30
35
96
96

_
30
42
42
89
89
98
98

_
1
6

10
57
57
95
95

_
7
8
27
40

99

99

100

99

99

100

100

99

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 In c lu d e s d ata f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In c lu d e s data f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
6 A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf d a ys that add to the s a m e am ou nt a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a to t a l o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s
w ith 9 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s , 8 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 7 fu ll d a ys and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r tio n s w e r e then cu m u la ted .




1
5
9
12
16
24
26
26
89
89
100
100

th o s e

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P itts b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s _____________ ___ ___________________________

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t il i t i e s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

99
93
6
1

100
91
8
1
1

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

100

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
( 6)
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
99
_

100
100
_

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a t io n s ________________________ ____ ______
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t _____________________________
F la t - s u m p a y m e n t ________________ _____ ______
O t h e r ______________________________________ ________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a t io n s _______________________ __________

( 6)

99
99
( 6)
( 6)

( 6)

( 6)

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 7
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________ _____ _____ ___ _

_
13
-

-

_
14
3
2

90
2
6
3
-

86
2
11
1

63
35
3

78
1
21
-

-

3
6
( 6)
1

-

-

-

77
3
17
3
-

44
55
1

41
_
57
3

26
3
71
-

-

“

-

-

4
1
( 6)
1

7
29
-

-

_

_

-

_
21
21
2

8
85
3
1
3

67
1
31
_
1

26
_
65
_
_

59
_
41

-

9

-

4
3
87
3
1
2

4
_
87
3
3
3

7
18
73
_
1

5
_
85
_
9

1

1
_
88
2
6
-

2
1
97
_
1
_

91
_
_
_

-

9

-

2
1
97
_
1

_
_

5
_

87

95

( 6)
44
18
2

( 6)
64
10
1

21
(6)
73
3
1
2

27
11

21
_
-

_
31
51
6

A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________ _____ __________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________ __
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________

85
2
12
2
( 6)

_
_

4

_

90
6

_
-

A f t e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _______________ _____ __ __ _______________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _
2 w e e k s ______________ ________________ __ __________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________

63
4
31
2
( 6)
-

-

8

_

92

_

94
6
_

-

-

_
_

_

A f t e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
____
_
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___ ______ _
_
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
___
_ __
_ _
3 w e e k s __________ ___ __________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s --------- ------------------------------------------

12
7
77

13
10
72
4

7
3

( 6)
1

( 6)
2

90
1
-

-

-

-

10
7
79

12
10
74
4

3

_

-

5
1
94
-

-

-

_
-

_
97
3

(6)
91
2
3

2

3

_
_

5
_
95

_
_
_

_
94
6

_
_

-

A f t e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________ __________________________ _
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________ _
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
4 w e e k s .. ...
.
.
. ....
O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------




3

1
1

( 6)
2

at end o f ta b le,

88
_
12

5
1
94
-

-

_

-

7
3

~
'

S ee fo o tn o te s

90
_
1

'

1
( 6)
91
2

1
-

88
2

_

_
94

3

6

-

-

_

_

_
_

6

2

3

“

9

“

-

4

_

_

20
Table B-5. Paid V acations1
-----Continued
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P itts b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C on tin u ed
A ft e r 5 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___ ____________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______________ _______ _
3 w e e k s _________________________________ ______________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ------------- -----------------4 w e e k s ______ ___ _______________________________________
__________ __ __ ------------------- _
O ver 4 w eeks

( 6)
1
89
1
6
2
1

_
1
87
1
6
3
2

( 6)
98
1
-

-

-

“

( 6)
1
23
6
62
3
4
2

_
1
14
7
67
4
5
3

( 6)
23
3
73
1

( 6)
1
19
5
65
3
4
2

( 6)
1
3

_
88
12
-

3
93
4
-

(6)
88
2
8
2

( 6)
86
11
3

99
1
-

(6)
19
1
71
2
4
2

10
2
75
2
8
3

9
1
91
-

(6)
17
1
72
4
4
2

8
2
74
5
8
3

7
1
88
4
-

1
79
5
12
3

1
94
4
1

1
33
66

-

86
4
9

1
94
5
-

_
89
9
2
-

_
53
34
4
9

1
55
44
-

_
8
86
6
-

-

"

43
43
4
9

1
55
44
-

8
86
6
-

84
6
9

1
10
89
-

_
45

1
10

-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---- ------- -------------------------- -----------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _______ ____ _____ __
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________ _____________
_____ O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _______________________ _
4 w eeks
_
___
_ _
___ _____________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________
_________ ____

_
28
60
12

3
54
1
43
-

-

-

-

_
1
10
7
70
4
5
3

( 6)
11
3
81
4
1

16
71
12

3
54
1
43
-

-

-

-

_
1
( 6)
82
3
7
7

( 6)
92
4
4

88
12

3
12
85
-

-

-

( 6)
2
84
4
7
2

3
12

( 6)
2

1

-

-

-

34

36
2
53
7

18
2
68
11

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _________
__ ------------------- -------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s -------- ------------------- _
4 w e e k s ______________________________________________ O v e r 4 w e e k s ___________________ __ ------------------- -

"

-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ____________________________________________ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________ _____________ — — -------O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ______ __________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________ — O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------4 w e e k s ________ ________________________ _______ —
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________ __________

( 6)
82
2
6
5

-

93
6
1
~

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ___ ____________________________________ ____
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________ ______________
2 w e e k s ______ __ ____________________
____________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________ _
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s ______ _________ _____________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s




at end o f ta b le,

( 6)
1
2
(6)
55
2
30
10

_
1

( 6)
-

_
-

-

-

-

63
3
22
12

25

46

-

-

-

75

37
18

52

-

-

-

28

74
6
20

-

-

37
18

62

21
Table B-5. Paid V acations1
-----Continued
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o lic y

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 7— C on tin u ed

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _________________________________________

____
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________________ _____ —
__
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________
__ ------- _
3 w e e k s ------ ---------------------- --------------_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _____________________ _
4 w p fik s
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____ ___________ — --------------- —

( 6)

1
2

( 6)

1
0
1
71
14

_

1
-

8
2
73
17

( 6)
99

1

_
-

7
75
18

3
-

(6)

_

_

-

-

-

1
2

2

1

1

-

-

6

6

-

1
2
-

66
8

13

1
75

8

80
14

92
( 6)

_
-

24
59
18

1
-

1
0

-

_
17

_
14
_
73

76

2

-

6

M a x im u m v a c a t io n a v a ila b le 8

1 w e e k _______ ___ __ ____ __ __ ___ ___________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________ _
2 w e e k s _________________ ___ _____ ______ _______ O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________ _______ ____
3 w e e k s ------------- -------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ______________________
_____
__________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________ ___________

( 6)

1
2

( 6)

1
0
1
69

1
6

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

94

7
75
18

-

1
8
2
72
18

( 6)

6

_

_

-

-

2

1

1

-

-

-

6

6

(6 )

1
2

13

58
16

74

1
1
0

79
14

85

8

_
_
_
24
59
18

1
_

1
0
_
14
73

2

_

_

_
17

6
74

2

1 In c lu d e s b a s ic p lan s on ly. E x c lu d e s plans such ,as v a c a t io n - s a v in g s and th o s e plans 3 w h ic h offe:r " e x t e n d e d 1 o r "s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f its b e y o n d 1 a s ic p la n s to w o r k e r s
'
a
w ith q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l, a lu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
7 In c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e o f annual e a r n in g s o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n ts , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r io d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y ch o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the in d iv id u a l
p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g es in p r o p o r tio n s in d ic a te d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e ch a n ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s th o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
8 F ig u r e s s h ow n a ls o in d ic a te th e p r o v is io n s a ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




22
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , 1 P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan u ary 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s trie s 4

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 3

W h o le s a le
tra d e

R e t a il
tra d e

F in a n c e 5

__________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L i f e in s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d ea th and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e ______________________ _________________
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 6____________________ ___ _

97

100

99

94

89

98

100

100

95

92

99

52

44

62

54

77

47

40

60

71

72

26

94

98

79

90

90

78

89

74

83

91

47

S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e -------------S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d )_______________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a itin g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

86

97

37

77

62

52

74

28

62

53

11

9

1

30

32

26

58

71

67

45

28

44

5

1

29

H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ________________________________
__________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e __
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n ______________________________
N o h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n --------

96
95
51
26
91
1

100
100
52
21
97

A l l w o r k e r s _____________

_________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :

99
99
76
78
77
( 7)

5

10

2

98
98
69
43
92

79
78
26
20
79
7

86
86
70
61
88
1

(7)
99
99
87
45
97

1

3

19

1

100
100
94
93
72

92
92
52
81
63

86
86
22
39
76
5

50
49
44
85
96

1 In c lu d e s th o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o s e l e g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s data f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 U n d u p lic a te d to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e plan s a r e lim i t e d to th o s e w h ic h d e fin it e ly
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s ' p a y th at can b e e x p e c te d b y e a ch e m p lo y e e .
I n fo r m a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
7 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




23
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g h e a lth in s u ra n c e b e n e fits
c o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and t h e ir d e p e n d e n ts , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a ry 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit , c o v e r a g e ,

and fin a n c in g 1

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
H o s p it a liz a t io n in s u r a n c e _____________________
C o v e r i n g e m p lo y e e s o n l y _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in t ly fin a n c e d __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts _____

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

R e t a il
tr a d e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
6
6
-

99
12
9
3

98
2
2
-

79
19
18
2

86
10
10

99
6
6

92
10
10
-

86
31
31

-

100
9
9
-

( 6)

50
10
8
2

94
82
10

87
41
45

95
70
16

60
47
12

76
48
24

93
75
15

91
30
60

82
57
20

54
20
34

40
11
21

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

100

100

96
10
9
1
86
70
13

A ll
in d u s tr ie s 4

P u b lic
u tilitie s 3

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s t r ie s 1
2

(6)

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

R e t a il
tr a d e

F in a n c e 5

2

3

2

9

-

3

2

1

4

-

8

S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in t ly fin a n c e d __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d __________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts _____

95
9
9
1

100
6
6
-

99
12
9
3

98
2
2
-

78
18
17
2

86
10
10

100
9
9
-

92
10
10
-

86
31
31

(6)

99
6
6
-

( 6)

49
10
8
2

86
70
13

94
82
10

87
41
45

95
70
16

60
47
12

76
48
24

93
75
15

91
30
60

82
57
20

54
20
34

38
11
20

2

3

2

9

-

3

2

1

4

-

8

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in t ly fin a n c e d __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in tly fin a n c e d __________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r d ep en d en ts

51
5
5

52
4
4
-

76
1
1
-

69
2
2
-

26
2
2

70
7
7
( 6)

87
6
6
-

94
8
8
-

52
10
10
-

22

( 6)

44
8
8
-

48
36
9

75
29
45

66
50
16

24
20
4

63
39
22

81
65
14

86
25
60

42
21
20

22
6
16

35
11
20

C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n l y _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in t ly fin a n c e d __________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d ______________________
J o in t ly fin a n c e d __________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r dep en d en ts

(6)
46
33

11

( 6)
_

2

3

2

-

-

2

2

1

-

5

26
5
5

21
4
4

43
9
9

20

61
7
7

45
6
6

81
16
16

39

85
7
7

-

-

-

-

-

34
15
16

20
8
12

66
41
20

39
4
35

78
42
28

-

78
11
9
2

22
13
7

17
11
4

67
43
24

1

2

(6)

3

-

-

93
10
9
1

54
29
22

39
23
14

83
48
35

3

2

( 6)

4

_

8

1 In c lu d e s p lan s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r .
S ee fo o tn o te 1, ta b le B - 6 .
A n e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s id e r e d as p r o v id in g b e n e fits
to e m p lo y e e s f o r t h e ir d e p en d en ts i f such c o v e r a g e w a s a v a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f th o se e m p lo y e e s one w o u ld u s u a lly e x p e c t to h a ve d e p e n d e n ts , e . g. , m a r r i e d m en ,
e v e n th ou gh th e y w e r e l e s s than a m a jo r it y o f a ll plan t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s .
T h e e m p lo y e r b e a r s the e n t ir e c o s t o f " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s .
T h e e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e
s h a r e the c o s t o f " j o i n t l y fin a n c e d " p la n s.
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r s e r v ic e s in a d d itio n to th ose in d u s try d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




24
Table B-8. Premium Pay for Overtime Work
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y o v e r t im e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v is io n s , P itts b u r g h , P a ., J a n u a ry 1967)
P la n t w o r k e r
P r e m iu m p a y p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M anu­
A ll
in d u s tr ie s 1 fa c tu r in g

100

100

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 1
2

O ffic e w o r k e r s
W h o le s a le
tr a d e

100

100

R e t a il
tr a d e

A ll
in d u s trie s 3

100

100

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

100

P u b lic
u t ilit ie s 2

100

W h o le s a le
tr a d e

100

R e t a il
tra d e

100

F in a n c e 4

100

D a ily o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s fo r d a ily o v e r t im e
p a y 5 at p r e m iu m r a t e s -----------------------------------T im e and o n e - h a l f ---------- --------------------------E f f e c t iv e a ft e r :
6 1/z hour s ----- ------------------------------------7 h o u r s ------------------ -------------- -----------___
7 V4 h o u r s ______________________________
7 V2
h o u r s ----------------------------------- -------73 h o u r s ____________________________________
/4
8 h o u r s -------- ---- ------------------------------9 h ou rs________________________ ____________
O th e r p r e m iu m r a t e s ________ __________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g no
p r o v is io n s f o r d a ily o v e r t im e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 7 ------------------------------------------

93

99

99

75

72

71

91

96

60

66

14

93

99

99

75

72

71

91

96

60

66

14

1
1
91
( 6)
-

2
1
97
-

_
99
-

75
-

72
-

(‘ )
( )
( 6)
8
( 6)
62
-

5
86
-

30
67
-

60
-

5
2
1
58
-

2
8
4
-

-

-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

1

25

28

29

9

4

40

34

86

W e e k ly o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e
p a y 5 at p r e m iu m r a t e s _________________ _________
T im e and o n e - h a l f ----------------------------------------E f f e c t iv e a ft e r :
L e s s than 2>71/z h o u rs ------ ---------------3 7 V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------373 h o u r s __________________________________
/4
38 h o u r s ---- ----------------------------- -------383 h o u r s ------------------------------------------/4
40 h o u r s ____________________________________
44 h o u r s --------------------- ----------------------48 h o u r s ___________________ ____ ________
O th e r p r e m iu m r a t e s -----------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a vin g no
p r o v is io n s f o r w e e k ly o v e r t im e p a y
at p r e m iu m r a t e s 7 ------------------------------------------

99

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

100

1
1
-

_
_

-

-

-

98
-

2
1
92
-

3
8
_
_
_

99
_
-

30
_
70
-

3
2

( 6)
( )
( 6)
89
-

5
_
95
-

2

100
-

94
6

1
8

_
96
( 6)
1

2
1
97
-

89
_
-

-

-

-

-

-

( 6)

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 6)

( 6)

-

( 6)

( 6)

1 In c lu d e s data f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 In clu d es d ata f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o v e r e d b y l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u ir e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e , e v e n though such w o r k e r s a c t u a lly do n ot w o r k o v e r t im e .
G ra d u a te d p r o v is io n s f o r p r e m iu m p a y a r e c la s s if ie d u n d er the f i r s t e f f e c t i v e p r e m iu m r a te .
F o r e x a m p le , a p la n c a llin g f o r t im e and o n e - h a lf a f t e r 8 and d ou b le t im e
a ft e r 10 h o u rs w o u ld be c o n s id e r e d as t im e and o n e - h a lf a ft e r 8 h o u rs . S im ila r ly , a p la n c a llin g f o r no pay o r p a y at a r e g u la r r a te a f t e r 35 h o u rs and t im e and o n e - h a lf
a ft e r 40 h ou rs w o u ld be c o n s id e r e d as t im e and o n e - h a lf a ft e r 40 h o u rs .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
7 In c lu d e s w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e x e m p t f r o m l e g i s l a t i v e r e q u ir e m e n t s r e g a r d in g p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and w h e r e , as a m a t t e r o f p o lic y , o v e r t im e is not
w ork ed .




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau*s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor's position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




25

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woihers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establidiment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

26

27

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

28

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

29

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, O P but fewer than 25,000
O
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefe or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in a ll, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f official) that employs, in all, over 5 ,0 00
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("Full” telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^ftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

30
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31

P ROF ES S I ONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

T E C HNI C A L

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAI NT E NA NC E

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P OWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experienee. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore men,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

T h e s e v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r ac c oun tan ts , a u d i t o r s ,
attorn e ys , che m ists, e n g in e e rs , e ng ineerin g technicians, d ra fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , job analysts, d i r e c t o r s of person nel, m an ag e rs o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t r a t e c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e t i n 15 35,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and
50 c ent s a c o p y .

National
C lerical

Survey of P ro fe s s io n a l, A d ­
P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r c h 19617.
M

&

U.S. G O V E R N M E N T P R IN T IN G OFFICE: 1967

25 3-606/63

Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le bu lletin s is p re s e n te d b elow . A d ir e c t o r y in d icatin g dates o f e a r lie r stu d ies, and the p r ic e s o f the b ulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u e s t. B u lletin s m ay be purchased fr o m the Superintendent o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G ov e rn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l sales o ffic e s shown on the in s id e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea
A k ro n , O hio, June 1966 1_________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y ^ T ro y , N .Y ., A p r. 1966 1 _________
S
A lb u qu erqu e, N. M e x ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A llen tow n —B eth leh em —E aston , P a .— .J .,
N
F eb . 1966 1________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1966 1 _________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
Beaum ont—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1____
O
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idaho, July 1966 1___________________________
B oston , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________
B u ffa lo , N .Y . , D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin gton , V t . , M a r. 1966______________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1966 1_____________________________

C h ica g o, 111., A p r . 1966 1 _______________________________
C in cin n ati, O hio— y .— d ., M a r. 1966 1 ______ _________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1966 1___________________________
C olum bus, O hio, O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
_
D a lla s , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1____________________________ _

B u lle tin num ber
and p r ic e
1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25
30
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-38,
1465-54,
1465
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30
20
25
25
25
30
30
25
30
30
30

1530-19,
1530-45,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1530-37,

Ja ck so n , M is s ., Feb. 19 6 7 ________________________
Ja c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1 ____________________
K ansas C ity , Mo.— a n s ., Nov. 1966______________
K
L aw ren ce— a v e rh ill, M ass.—
H
N.H., June 1966 1 ---L ittle Rock— orth L ittle R ock, A rk ., Aug. 1966 1~
N
Los A n g eles—
Long B each and Anaheim —
Santa A naG ard en G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1966 1______________
L o u is v ille , K y.—
Ind., Feb. 1 9 6 6 __________________
Lubbock, T ex., June 1966 1----------------------------------M an ch ester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1----------------------------M em phis, Tenn.— r k . , Jan. 19 6 7 _________________
A
M iam i, F l a . , D ec. 19 6 6 ___________________ -_______
M idland and O d essa, T ex., June 1966 1 __________

B u lletin number
and p ric e

M ilw a u k e e , W is . , A p r . 1966______________________________
M in n ea p olis—
St. P au l, M in n ., Jan. 1967 1_______________
M uskegon—M uskegon H e igh ts , M ich ., M ay 1966 1 _____
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F eb . 1966 1 ____________
N ew H aven, C on n ., Jan. 1967______________________________
N ew O rle a n s , L a ., F eb . 1966__________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1___________________________
N o r fo lk — ortsm o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
Ham pton, V a . , June 1966_____________________________
O klahom a C ity , O k la ., Aug. 1966 1____________________

1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1530
1530-41,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
30
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Om aha, N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1966___________________________
P a te r s o n -C lifto n — a s s a ic , N .J ., M ay 1966 1 ___________
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1__ ___________________
N
P h o en ix, A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1______________________________
P itts b u rgh , P a . , Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
P o rtla n d , M a in e , N ov. 1966--------------------------------------P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M ay 1966 1______________________
P r o v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et— a rw ic k , R .I.—M ass.
W
M ay 1966___
R a le ig h , N .C ., Sept. 1966__________
R ichm ond, Va, , N ov. 1966_____ __
_
R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1966 1 _________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1465-62,
1530-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
30
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

30
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is , M o.—
111., Oct. 1966 1________________________
S alt Lak e C ity , Utah, D ec. 1966 1_____________________
San A n ton io, T e x . , June 1966__________________________
San B ern a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
R
O
Sept. 1966_______________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1966 1_________________________
San F ra n c is c o -O a k la n d , C a lif., Jan. 1967 1__________
San J ose, C a l i f . , Sept. 1966____________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1966 1_____________________________
Scranton, P a . , Aug. 1966______________________..________
S eattle—E v e r e tt, W a sh ., O ct. 1966_____ —_____________

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966________________________
South Bend, In d ., M a r. 1966 1__________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., June 1966____________________ ________
Tam pa—
St. P e te r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1966 1 __________
T o le d o , Ohio—M ic h ., F eb . 1966___________________________
T re n ton , N .J ., D ec. 1966 1_________________________ ____

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465
1465-49,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20
25
20
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D avenp ort—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111.,
D ayton, Ohio, Jan . 19 6 7 ___________________________
D en ver, C o lo ., D ec. 19 6 6 ________________________
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 19 6 7 _____________________
D e tro it, M ich., Ja n . 1 9 6 6 ________________________
Fort W orth, T ex., Nov. 1966 1____________________
G reen B ay, W is . , Aug. 1966 1------------------------------G re e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1966 1 ____________________
Houston, T ex., June 1966 1 _______________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 19 6 6 _____________________

A rea


Data
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1966 1______________________
W ich ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1_______________________
W o re e s t e r , M as s ., June 1966 1__________________

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102