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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

Bu lletin No. 1 5 3 0 - 4 4




UN ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey

The Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area




February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-44
April 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S

Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sa le b y th e S u p e rin ten d en t of D ocum ents, U .S . G o ve rn m en t Printin g O ffic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 2 5 cents




P r e fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

The Bu reau of La bo r Statistics pro gram of annual
occupational wage s u r v e y s in m etropo litan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s t a b ­
li sh m en t p r a c t i c e s and supp lementary wage provision s.
It
y ie lds detailed data by selec ted industry divisions for each
of the a r e a s studied, fo r geographic reg io ns, and for the
United State s.
A m a j o r consi deratio n in the p r o gr am is
the need for g re a t e r insight into (1) the m ovem en t of wages
by occupational c a t e g o r y and skill le vel, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of wages among a reas and industry divisio ns.
At the end of ea ch survey, an individual a re a b u l­
letin p r es e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s for each area studied.
After
com p le tion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is su ed.
The
f i r s t part b rin g s data for each of the metro po litan areas
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents i n fo r ­
m ation which has been p ro je cted f r o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to r ela te to geographic regions and the
United State s.

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selec ted occupational g ro u ps_______________________________
T a bles:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b lis h m e n t s and w o r k er s within scope of su rvey and
number s tu d ied ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard week ly s a la r i e s and s t r a i g h t -t i m e
hourly earnings for selec ted occupational grou ps, and
percents of i n c r e a s e for selected p e r i o d s --------------------------------------Occupational e a r n i n g s :*
A - 1. Office occupations—m en and wom en -----------------------------------------A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations—m e n and w o m e n —
A - 3. Off ice, p r o fe s s io n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and women c o m b i n e d -------------------------------------------------------A - 4. Maintenance and power plant occupations_____________________
A - 5. Custodial and m a t e r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a t io n s _____________

Appendix.

Occupational d e s c rip t io n s ---------------------------------------------------------------

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s curren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . Inform atio n on occupational earnings is colle cted
annually in each a r e a . Information on establishment p r a c ­
tic e s and su pp le m enta ry wage provisions is obtained b ien ­
nial ly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This bulletin prese n ts resu lt s of the survey in
Des M o i n e s , Iowa, in F e b r u a r y 1967.
The Standard M e t ­
rop olitan Statist ical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of
the Budget through A p r i l 1966, con sists of Polk County.
This study was conducted by the B u reau 's regional office
in Chica go, 111. , Adolph O. B e r g e r , D irec tor; by M a r y E.
Stokes, under the d irection of Kenneth O. Th orsten.
The
study was under the g en eral dir ection of Woodrow C. Linn,
A s s i s t a n t Region al D ir e c t o r for Wages and Industrial
R elations.




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : Sim ila r tabulations are available for other
(See inside back c o v e r . )

Union s c a l e s , indicative of prev ailin g pay le ve ls in
the Des Moines a re a, are also available for building con­
struction; printing; lo c a l - t r a n s i t operating em p lo y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e lp e r s , and allied occupations.

iii

2

3

5
8
9
10
11
13




Area Wage Survey---The Des Moines, Iowa, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Th is area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. D ep artm en t of L a b o r 's
Bureau of Labor S tatistic s conducts survey s of occupational earnings
and relate d benefits on an areawide b a s i s .

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hired to work a reg ular weekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v er tim e and for work on we ek ends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f -l iv i n g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reporte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, r e fer en c e is to the st an d­
ard workweek (rounded to the n ea re st half hour) for which employee s
re c e iv e their reg ular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (exclusiv e of pay for
o v er tim e at reg ular a n d /or pr em iu m rates). A v e r a g e weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n ea re st half dollar.

Th is bulletin pr ese n ts current occupational employment and
earnings info rm ation obtained la rgely by m ail fr o m the est ablishm en ts
visited by Bureau field eco n om ists in the last prev ious survey for
occupations reporte d in that earlier study. Pe rso n al visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previou s su rvey.
In each a re a , data are obtained fr o m represen ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lish m en ts within six broad industry divisio ns: Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
portation, com m u n ica tio n , and other public utilities; whole sale trade;
retail trade; finance, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
Major
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are government o p e r a ­
tions and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishm ents
having few er than a p r e s c r i b e d number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employm ent in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clu si on. Sepa rate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad in du st ry d ivisio n s which mee t publication c r it e r i a .

The a ver a ge s presented r efle ct c o m p o s it e , areawide e s t i ­
mates.
Industries and es ta blis h m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differently to the e s tim a tes for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable f r o m the avera ge s m ay fail to ref lect
a ccu rately the wage sprea d or diffe rential maintained among jobs in
individual es ta b lis h m en ts . S im i la r l y , diffe re n ce s in average pay le ve ls
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
a ssu m e d to r e flec t d iffe ren ces in pay treatment of the se xes within
individual e sta blish m en ts. Other po s s ible fa cto rs which may contrib ­
ute to diffe re n ce s in pay for men and women include: Diffe rences in
p r o g r e s s i o n within established rate r an g es , since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are c olle cted ; and diffe re n ce s in specific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k er s are approp riately c la s s ified within the
s a m e survey job de scription.
Job description s used in cla ss ifying e m ­
ployees in these surveys are usually m o r e g en eraliz ed than those used
in individual esta blis h m en ts and allow for minor diffe re nces among
esta blis h m en ts in the spe cific duties p e rfo r m e d .

T h e s e su r vey s are conducted on a sa mple basis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c os t involved in surveying all esta blis h m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at min im um cost, a gre ater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a l l es ta blis h m en ts is studied. In combining the data,
how ev er, all es t a b lis h m e n t s are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
tim a te s b ased on the establis hm ents studied are presente d, th erefo re,
as relating to all e sta blis h m en ts in the industry grouping and are a,
except for those below the min im um size studied.

Occupational em ploym en t e stim ates repr ese n t the total in all
es ta blis h m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually surveyed .
B ec a u s e of diffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among es t a b lis h m e n t s , the e stim ates of occupational employm ent o b ­
tained f r o m the s a m p le of es tablis h m en ts studied s e r v e only to indicate
the rela tive im portance of the jobs studied. These diffe re nces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m a t e r ia lly affect the a ccu racy of the e a r n ­
ings data.

Occupations and Earn ings
The occupations selected for study are c om m on to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing indust ries, and are of the fo llo w ­
ing t yp es: ( l ) O ff ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) pro fessio n al and technical; (3) m a i n ­
tenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v e m e n t . O c ­
cupational c la s s if i c a t i o n is based on a uniform set of job de scriptions
de si gned to take account of inte re sta blishment variation in duties within
the s a m e jo b . The occupations sel ected for study a re listed and d e ­
s c r ib e d in the appendix. The earnings data following the job titles are
for all i n du stries com b in ed. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and d e s c r i b e d , or for some industry divisions within occupations,
a re not prese n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because either (l ) e m p lo y ­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m er it
prese n ta tio n , or (2) there is po ssibility of d is c lo s u re of individual e s ­
tablishm ent data.




Estab lish m en t P r a c t i c e s and Supplementary Wage P rov ision s
Tabulations on selected est ablishm ent pra ctic es and s u pp le ­
m en tary wage p rovision s ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is c olle cted biennially in
this are a.
Th ese tabulations on m in im u m entrance s a la r i e s for i n e x ­
pe rienced wom en office w o r k e r s ; shift d i f fe r e n ti a l s ; scheduled weekly
hours; paid hol idays; paid vacations; and health, insu ra nce, and pension
plans
are prese nte d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previous bulletins
for this are a.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , 1
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1967

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

Industry div ision

A l l d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u f a c tu r in g ---------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a nd
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5---------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e - — ---------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ------- ------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------S e r v i c e s 6 » --------------------------------------- ----------------------

N u m ber o f establishm ents

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W i t h in s c o p e
of study3

_

Studied

Studied
Number

P ercent

259

103

52,800

100

36,730

“

82
177

39
64

21,200
31,600

40
60

16, 9 50
19,780

50
50
50
50
50

22
30
58
48
19

14
11
13
16
10

5, 900
5, 800
8, 700
8, 800
2 ,4 0 0

11
11
16
17
5

5, 00 0
4 , 330
4 ,4 0 0
4 ,4 9 0
1, 560

50

1 T h e D e s M o i n e s S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 96 6 , c o n s i s t s o f P o l k C o u n t y .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r
f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r th e
a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p l a n n i n g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , an d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l an d th e 1963 S u p p l e m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y
in dustry d iv ision .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t l e t s (w i th in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a ut o r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w i t h in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s a nd s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Separate presenta tion
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h da t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s no t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r i n a d e q u a t e t o
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a nd (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .
7 H otels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o bile re p a ir shops; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; nonprofit m e m b e r s h ip org a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g re lig io u s
a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a nd e n g i n e e r i n g a nd a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T w o - f i f t h s o f the w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in the D e s M o i n e s a r e a w e r e
e m p l o y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t a b l e p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
a nd s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry g rou p s

S p e c if ic in du stries

M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) _ 24
P r i n t i n g a nd p u b l i s h i n g --------------- 19
R u b b e r and m is c e l la n e o u s
p l a s t i c s --------------------------------------------18
F o o d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------- 17
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------- 7

F a r m m a c h i n e r y and
e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------- 19
T i r e s an d i n n e r t u b e s ------------------ 18
P e r i o d i c a l s -------------------------------------- 11
N e w s p a p e r s -------------------------------------- 7
M e a t p r o d u c t s --------------------------------6

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f total e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a ctu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffice c le ric a l w o r k er s and industrial n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnings of selected plant worker g ro u ps. The indexes
a re a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a given tim e, e x p r e s s e d as a perc ent of
w ages during the b a s e period (date of the area su rvey conducted
between July I9 60 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
y ie ld s the p e rc e n ta g e change in wages f r o m the b a s e pe riod to the
date of the index.
The pe rc e n ta ge s of change or i n c r e a s e relate to
wage changes bet ween the indicated da tes.
T h e s e e s t im a t e s are
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s for the a re a; they a re not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the establis h m en ts in the a re a.
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant weights refle c t base year
em p lo y m en ts w h e re v e r p o s s i b l e .
The a ver a ge (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m ult ip lied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregate s
for 2 con secutive y e a r s w e r e relate d

by

dividing

the

aggregate for

the la te r y ear by the agg re ga te for the e a r li e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e la tiv e , l e s s 100 pe rc e n t, shows the percenta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y ear rela tive (100) by the relative
for the next succeeding y e a r and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r ’ s rela tiv e by the previous y e a r ’ s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the following occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the s e le c t e d key occupations within an occupational
group w as a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em plo ym en t
Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Des Moines, Iowa,
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase
February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

February 1961
to
February 1962

February 1960
to
February 1961

February 1967

February 1966

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )--------Industrial nurses (men and w o m en )------Skilled maintenance (m en)--------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n )-----------------------------

125.5
128.6
121.3
124.4

118.8
119.5
116. 8
117.9

5 .6
7 .7
3 .8
5 .5

4 .0
2 .3
4. 1
3 .7

2 .6
3 .8
3 .0
4 .0

3 .2
4 .0
3 .2
3. 3

3. 0
3. 6
2 .9
3. 2

4. 7
4. 3
2 .6
2. 5

1. 1
4. 5
4 .0
5 .6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w o m en )--------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )------Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n )-----------------------------

124.3
127.7
120.2
123.5

118. 7
118. 1
115.5
117.6

4 .7
8. 1
4. 1
5.1

4 .5
2 .8
4. 1
3 .0

3. 5
3 .8
2. 7
3. 1

2. 1

3 .7

3 .6

(*)
2. 6
4 .4

(>)
2 .9
2. 7

(M
2 .2
3. 1

1.9
3 .9
4 .4
4 .8

Data do not m eet publication criteria.




4
For office c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and industria l n u r s e s , the wage
trends relate to weekly s a la r i e s fo r the n or m al workw eek, ex clu sive
of earnings at o v er tim e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
For plant w o rker gro ups,
they
m e a s u r e changes in a vera ge
s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly ea rnings,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v e r t im e and for work on week en ds,
h olidays, and late shifts.
The p ercen ta ges are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m er ic a lly important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cau se i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational a verages without actual wage c h an g es. It is c on ceiv able
that even though all es ta blis h m en ts in an a re a gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
avera ge wages may have declined b ec a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g es ta b lis h m en ts
entered the area or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , w ages
may have remained relativ ely constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a rea
may have risen considerably b ec au s e h i g h e r-p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
entered the area.

Lim itations of Data
The indexes and p e rc e n ta ge s of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
(l ) general sa lar y and
wage chan ges,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r ec eiv ed by
individual w o r k e r s while in the same jo b, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the la bor fo r c e resulting f r o m labor turn­
o ver , fo r c e expansi on s, fo r c e reductions, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em plo yed by esta blis h m en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em p lo y m en t weights elim in a tes the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s re p r e s e n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rc e n ta ge s of change refle c t only changes
in a vera ge pay for s t ra ig h t-tim e h o u r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed u les , as such, or by p r e m i u m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
Data were adjusted where n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the indexes and percentage s of change any significant effect cause d
by changes in the scope of the s u r v e y .

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e ek ly ea rn i n gs o f—

$

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

MEN

55

$

40.0 1 1 5 . 5 0
ad, a 1 23 .00
4 0 . 0 1 C7. 5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------NQNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 4 ------------------------

43.0

CLFRKS,

65

70

75

65

7C

75

80

97.00
90.50
82.50

$

$

122.00

1 01 .50-129.00
1 12 .00 143.00
9 9 .0 0 125.00

119.00

107.50
91.00

86.00
83.00

$

.

_

6

$

1

-

_

-

-

6

1

5
5
4

2
2

9
9
9

1
1
-

2
2

_

_

4

-

-

-

"

'

"

35
9
26

11
4
7

5
2
3

125.00

OFF I CF B O Y S ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

40.0
40 .0
39.5

6 5.50
69.00
64.00

60.00
62.50
59.50

57.505 8.005 7.00-

TA8ULATING—MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

39.5
39.5

121.50
118.50

124.00
114.00

1 0 6 .0 0 1 04 .00 -

TABLLATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------NQNMANUF ACTURING ----------------------------

39.5
38.5

102.50
92.00

100.00
93.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

40. G
40.0

80.00
76.50

76.00
75.00

7 3.0072.5 0-

92.00
79.50

6 9 . CO
77.50
67.50

$

l

$

$

‘

3
2
1

14
7
7

7
3

2
~

5
2
1

12

-

6

2
2

“

6
2
4

:

$

$

T~

$

9

6
3
3

1
-

2
2

1

3
1

2

-

6

-

-

-

-

~

:

3 10
10

-

:

3
6
3

i
1

3
3

~

3
1

1
“

6
3

3
3

“

2

92.0 0-11 6.5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 9 8.50

2

3

2

1

1

-

-

-

1
1
“

1
1

12

12

42

40.0

69.00

67.00

6 2.0 0-

8 1.00

BOOKKEEP ING-M ACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

36
26

40.0
40.0

88.50
88.00

90.50
90.00

8 0.0 08 2.0 0-

95.00
93.50

_

_

_

“

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE GFERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

74
24
50

39.5
40 . G
39.0

69.50
79.00
64.50

70.50
75.00
63.50

6 2 . DO- 7 4 . 5 0
72. c o - 89.50
6 0 .5 0 - 72.00

2
2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NQNMANUF ACTURI N G ----------------------------

201
32
169

39.5
4G.C
39.5

91.00
1C 1 . 5 0
89.00

93.00
98.50
89.50

7 6 .5 0 - 102.00
9 5 .5 0 - 109.00
7 4 . CO- 1 C 2 . 0 0

_
-

CLFRKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMAMUFACTURING ----------------------------

5 90
59
531

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

75.00
87.00
73.50

72.00
88.50
70.50

64. 50BO .0 0 6 4.00-

8 4.00
96.00
81.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

63
63

39.5
39.5

75.50
75.50

74.50
74.50

7 1.507 1.50-

79.50
79.50

CLFRKS, F I L E . CLASS B -----------------------NQNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

357
347

39.0
39.?

62.50
62.50

6 3 . CO
63.50

5 9 . CO- 6 7 . 5 0
59. 50- 67.5 0

CLFRKS, F I L E , CLASS C ----------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

281
281

39.5
39.5

58.50
5 8 . 5C

58.50
5 8 . 50

5 6.5 05 6 .5 0 -

_

61.50
61.50

8
6
2

7

7
3

6
5
1

1
1

1
0

1 3 4 . CO
134.50

W
OMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------------




i

$

85

_

8 2 .5 0 116.00
8 1 .0 0 1 0 4 . CO
7 7 .5 0 - 86.00
1 1 0 .0 0 -

ORDER ------------------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f tabl e.

$

8C

and
unde r

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

40.0
40.0

60

60

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u st r y d i v i s i o n

9

14

~

2
“

1
1

4
4

5
5

4
4

21
1
20

4
1
3

23
11
12

-

_
-

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

19
19

28
28

_
-

_
-

-

-

49
2
47

108
4
104

113
3
11C

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

33
33

5
5

67
57

16
16

168
168

7

-

9

2
_

4
3

4

~

14
1
13

25
14
11

40
3
46

3
1
2

2
2

7
2
5

7
3
4

“

-

15
7
8

47
12
35

58
5
53

6
1
5

-

3
1
2

9
7
2

-

1

-

7
7

3
3

3
3

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

3
3

11
10

8
4
4

2
2

5
5

12
5
7

14
14

19
1
18

58
2
56

74
4
70

49
10
39

5
5

27
27

15
15

114
114

1C 3
1C 3

2?
25

I0
10

80
80

7
7

10
10

2

_

~

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b r u a r y 1967)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y ea r n i n g s o f—

Sex, o cc u pa t io n , and in du str y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly
' standard)

45
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

CONTINUED

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

t

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 !G

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

_

8

33

4

“

6

6

9

-

-

-

-

2

-

“

6
6

8
8

2
2

8
1
7

10
5
5

5
3
2

9
3
6

23
6
17

8
4
4

16
2

3
2

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

1
1
-

_
-

14

1
1

5
3

6
“

9
6

7
5

6
6

1
I

7
7

10
10

3
3

1
-

3
3

6
-

_

_

-

_

“

-

-

6
6

14
14

5
1
4

25
5
20

47
8
39

40
4
36

28
15
13

12
9
3

9
7
?

7
7
“

19
13
6

_
-

-

_
-

-

1
1
-

10
8
2

1
1
-

1
1
“

-

_
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

~

“

50
27
23
1

65
29
36
2

45
20
25

33
15
18
-

26
10
16
2

13
5
5
3

23
5
18
~

4

3
*

-

9
6

8
6

2
2

15
3
12

14
8
6

13
4
9

11
9

4
1
3

and
und er
50

WOMEN -

$

t

and

ORDER ---------------------------------------------

68

43. C

$
7 5.00

$
69.00

$
66.5 0-

$
85.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

101
28
73

39.5
4 3.C
39.5

86.50
92.50
84.00

90.50
92.00
90.50

76.0 08 2.0072.0 0-

98.50
9 9.50
9 8.00

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

7C
50

39.5
39. C

83.50
83.00

82.00
84.50

7 0.5 07 3 .0 0-

98.00
9 7 . CO

3
3

3
3

_

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

213
70
143

39.5
4 3.0
39.5

87.00
96.50
8 2.50

86.00
96.50
83.50

8 0 . 5 0 - 9 4 . GO
8 9.5 0-10 8.0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 88.50

_
-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

377
65
312

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

7 0.00
75.00
6 9 . CO

69.50
74.50
69.00

6 4.5068.5063.0 0-

76.50
83.00
75.00

_
-

5
5

43
2
41

54
2
52

94
17
77

75
14
61

42
7
35

48
13
35

OFFICE GIRLS ----------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

10 9
106

4 0 .C
40.0

6 3.00
6 2.50

61.00
60.00

57.5 05 7 .5 0 -

68.00
68.00

-

-

“

-

53
53

12
12

28
26

7
7

5
5

4
3

SECRETARIES5------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 ---------------------------

559
217
342
17

39.5
43 .C
39.0
39.0

8 2.0 0-10 7.0 0
3 5.5 0-11 0.0 0
3 0 .5 0-10 5.0 0
8 7.5 0-12 2.5 0

-

1
1
“

2
2
-

10
2
8
“

15
2
13
1

57
13
44
?

27
14
13

71
21
50
i

64
22
42
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

49
39

39.0 120.50 120.00 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
39 . C 1 1 7 . 5C 1 2 0 . CO 1 1 1 . 5 3 - 1 2 9 . 5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

1
1

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

166
30
136

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

99.50
9 9 . 5C
1 1 1 .5 0 112.00
96.00
97.00

8 6 .5 0-11 1.5 0
103 .00 -1 19 .00
8 4 .5 0-10 7.5 0

_
-

-

-

3
3

5
5

10
10

19
19

18
18

12
2
10

18
4
14

21
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

180
78
102

39.5
43.0
39.0

92.00
1 02.50
83.50

89.50
99.50
83.00

8 0 .0 0-10 1.5 0
8 9 .0 0-11 8.0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 3.50

_

SFCRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

164
99
65

39.5
40.0
38.5

8 7.00
8 8.00
85.00

86.50
89.00
84.00

7 6.508 0.0 073.0 0-

9 6.00
9 6.50
9 5.50

_
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------- ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUPING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 4 ---------------------------

270
75
195
27

39.5
40.0
39.5
43.0

77.50
88.00
7 3.50
8 8.00

75.00
8 5.00
71.00
91.50

6 7 .5 0 - 85.50
7 7.0 0-10 0.0 0
6 6 .5 0 - 80.00
8 0 .0 0 - 94.00

2
2
-

1
1
-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4 ---------------------------

221
56
165
17

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
43.0

9 3.50
92.50
9 4.00
108.00

92.50
93.50
92.00
115.00

8 2.5 0-10 3.5 0
36.5 0-10 C .50
8 1.0 0-10 5.0 0
9 6 .0 0-12 4.0 0

_
-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

24
16

4 0.0
39.5

85.00
87.50

8 2.50
85.50

74.0 07 7.0 0-

8 9.50
°7 .5 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

49
46

42.5
42.5

63.50
62.50

61.00
60.00

5 3.0 05 3 .0 0 -

74.00
70.50

5
5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMAN ACTUR I N G --------------------------- ---------IJF
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

106
35
7L

39.5
43.0
39.5

7 6 . 5C
82.50
7 3.50

7 5 . 50
84.00
71.00

66.007 6 .5 0 6 4.00-

85.00
9 0 . CO
82.50

-

CLERKS,

See fo ot no t es at end o f table




93.50
9 5.00
96.50
9 8 . 5C
90.00
9 3.00
1 03.50 105.00

~
_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

_
-

“

4

1

18

31
14
17
1

-

_

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
~

15
3
7
-

2
l
1

4
3
1

8
6
2
-

9
9

7
7

1
1

i

4
-

5
2
3

9
1
8

2
2
~

_
“

1
1

1
1
-

5
4

3
3
-

h

6
6
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

3
’
2

-

1
1

2
2

8
8

3
3

25
3
22

6
3
3

27
7
2C

20
9
11

17
6
11

24
13
11

8
6
2

_
-

_
-

2
2
-

9
2
7

27
10
17

11
11
-

25
14
11

25
13
12

21
19
2

IS
12
7

13
li
2

6
3
3

_
-

_
-

1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

8
8
-

26
3
23
-

60
3
57
2

37
9
28
1

37
9
28
4

31
14
17

11
6
5
1

28
9
19
14

7
4
3
1

,3
5
i

4
3
i

7
7
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

4
2
2
2

-

-

_
-

3
3
-

4
1
3

15
1
14

25
7
18
-

17
3
14
2

31
7
24

34
14
20
2

?n
9
11
2

26
8
18
2

13
11
*

5
3
2
1

13
13
3

7
7
2

4
i
3
3

4
4
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

"

-

-

-

3
3

5
2

4
4

-

2

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

2

2
2

1

“

3
1

-

-

4
2

-

“

-

-

12
12

6
6

11
11

1
1

3
3

5
3

1
1

1
“

2
2

1
1

I
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

_

2

13

-

-

8
8
-

11
5
6

2
2

-

2
1
1

1
1
-

-

2

20
5
15

-

-

7
7
-

-

-

16
4
12

1

-

22
3
19

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

13

2

-

2
5
2

2

1

4
-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

7
Table A-l.

O ffice Occupations—Men and W om en— Continued

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e ek ly h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s studied on an a r e a b a s is
by in dus tr y di v is i on , D e s M o i n e s, Iowa, F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings 1
_____ (standard)

iN U in u e x

$

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

Sex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$

45

$

ui

r e c e iv in g

B u cu gm -

£

$

50

55

6C

65

55

60

65

7Q

70

* $

$

$

$

$

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

2
2

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

and
und er
50

WOMEN -

$

75

80

85

3
3

15
14

90

95

100

105

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

43
29

3 9,5
39.0

85.50
8 4.00

86.00
84.00

8 2.0031.00-

9 0.50
88.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------NGNMANUF AC TU RI NG -------------------

51
51

39.5
39.5

63.00
6 8 .0 0

68.00
68.00

65.5 06 5.50-

7 0.50
7 0.50

2
2

8
8

TRAN SCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

150
141

39.5
39.5

77.00
77.00

77.50
77.00

68.506 9 . CO-

8 4 . 50
8 4 . 0C

7
5

17
15

20
2C

TY P IS TS , CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING

291
39
252

4 0.0
40.0
40.0

75.00
94.00
72.00

73.50
94.00
72.50

6 7 .5 0 - 8 0.00
8 0.0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
6 6 .0 0 - 7 7.50

56
56

TYP IS TS , CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S

534
41
493
34

39.5
4 0 .C
39.5
4 0.0

64.50
77.00
63.50
74.50

63.00
76.00
63.00
76.00

5 9 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 5 9.5067.50-

195
2
193
3

$

68.00
85.50
6 7.00
7 9 . CO

2
1

5

8
-

5

8
-

128
2
126
2

1 Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 The m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b by totaling the ea rn in gs of all w o r k e r s and div id ing by the
the ra t e sh ow n; ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the rate shown.
The m id dl e ra ng e is de fi ne d by 2 ra te s o f
h i g h e r rat e.
3 W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r ib u t e d as f o l l o w s :
3 at $145 to $150; 4 at $150 to $15 5; and 3 at $160 to
4 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o th e r pu bli c ut il iti es.
5 May in cl u de w o r k e r s o t h e r than t h o se p r e s e n t e d se p a r a t e l y .




28
28

9
9

12
7

8
2

1
1

3
3

23
23

18
18

33
33

11
11

31
1
30

88
88

43
9
34

30
2
28

14
4
1C

7
5
2

109
7
102
7

18
9
9
3

23
6
17
14

29
5
24
-

12
5
7
3

1
1
1

1 2
1
1

9
9

4

2
10
6
4

4

1
1
i

1

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

ra t e s) ,

and the earn in gs c o r r e s p o n d

n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e d i a n d e s ig n a t e s p os it i o n — ha lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e than
pay ; a fou rt h o f the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th es e ra t es and a fou rt h earn m o r e than the
$165.

8
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a rn in gs f o r s e l e c t e d occ up a tio ns studied on an a re a b as is
b y in du st r y d i v is i o n , Des M o i n e s , Iowa, F e b r u a r y 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, o cc u p a t io n , and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i n g s of—
$

Average
weekly
( standard)

Mean2

Middle range 2

Median 2

$

70
un de r
and
$
unde r
70
75

$
75

$
80

$

85

$

$

90

95

$

t

10C

105

t

110

$

115

$

$

120

125

$

%

130

135

$

$

140

145

$
150

$

$
160

170

180
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

125

130

135

140

145

150

160

170

180

over

5
5

1
1

1
1

8
8

4
4

3
3

3
3

3
3

2
2

4
4

7
6

6
6

6
6

4
4

1
1

_

3
3

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

~

~

7
6

2
1

4
3

2
2

120

M
EN

34
34

40.0
40.0

$
$
15C.5C 1 4 3 .0 0
1 50.50 143.00

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING —

90
98

4 0.0
40.0

1I6.5C
1 16.50

113.00
113.00

1 0 5 . C 0 - 1 2 5 . 00
1 05 .00-125.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

68
65

4 0.0
40.0

90.00
9 1.00

90.00
91.50

8 4 .5 0 - 9 8.50
8 5 .5 0 - 9 9.00

25
19

39.5 119.00
4C . 0 1 2 0 . 0 0

118.00
118.50

111 .00 -1 27 .00
1 13.53-128.50

1 3 6 . 0 0 - 1 6 7 . CO
1 36 .00 -1 67 .00
_

_

_

-

-

3

4

4
4

_

-

_

17
17

5
4

10
10

8
8

24
24

3
3

19
19

9
9

_

2
2

1
1

7
7

8
8

5
2

3
3

W
OMEN

NURSFS, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

Standard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e th eir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
to th e se w e e k l y ho u r s .
2 F o r de fi ni tio n of t e r m s , se e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .




salaries

(exclusive

of pa y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m

1

r a t e s ) , and the e a rn i n g s

correspond

Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D es M o in e s , Iow a, F e b r u a r y 1967)
Average
O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v is i o n

Number
of

W
eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

48

40.0

' $
72.50

800KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

44
34

40.0
40.0

95.00
96.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE CFERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

76
26
50

39.5
40.0
39.0

70.00
80.00
64.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

289
78
211

40.0
40.0
39.5

9 8 . 5C
114.00
92.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

651
86
565

39.5
40.0
39.5

77.00
93.00
74.50

FILE,

CLASS A --------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------

O cc up a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

63
63

39.5
39.5

75.50
75.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

357
347

39.0
39.0

62.50
62.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

281
281

39.5
39.5

58.50
58.50

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

103
20
83

40.0
40.0
40.0

89.00
93.50
87.50

CLFPKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

113
32
81
19

39.5
40.0
39.5
40 .0

91.50
96.50
89.00
100.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

70
50

39.5
39.0

83.50
8 3 . OC

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

214
70
144

39.5
40.0
39.5

87.00
96.50
82.50

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

37 7
65
312

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

TO. 00
75.00
69.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPT IONISTSMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

106
35
71

OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING -

175
151

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

6 4.0 0
70.00
63.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

33
21

39.5
39.5

115.50
114.00

SECRETARIES3 -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2-

559
217
342
17

39.5
4 0.0
39.0
39.0

9 5.00
9 8 . 5C
9 3.00
1 C3.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

70
26
44

39.5
40.0
39.0

92.00
101.00
86.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —

49
39

3 9.0
39.0

1 20.50
1 17.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

77
73

39.5
39.5

72.00
7 0.50

SFCRFTARIES, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —

166

3 9.5
40.0
39.5

9 9.50
111.50
97.00

TRANSCR I BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

150
141

39.5
39.5

77.00
77.00

SECRETARIES » CLASS C ---MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

180
78

102

39.5
40 .0
3 9.0

9 2.00
102.50
83.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

293
41
252

40.0
40.0
40.0

75.00
94.00
72.00

SECRETARIFS, CLASS 0
MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING - -

164
99
65

39.5
4 0.0
38.5

87.00
88.00
85.00

3 9.5
40. C
39.5
40.0

78.0 0
88.00
73.50
8 8.00

537
41
49 6
34

39.5
4 0.0
39.5
40.0

64.50
77.00
63.50
74.50

STFNQGRAPHERS, GENERAL ■
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

271
76
195
27

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 2---------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

221

9 3.50
92.50
9 4.00
108.00

34
34

4 0.0
40.0

150.50
150.50

17

39.5
40.0
39.5
4 0.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

56
165

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

92
90

40.0
40.0

116.50
116.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

24
16

40.0
39.5

85.00
87.5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

68
65

40.0
40.0

9 0.00
91.00

CLASS B --------

49
46

4 2.5
42.5

63.50
62.50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

25
19

39.5
4 0.0

1 19.00
120.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

1 Standa rd h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t he ir re g u l a r
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er public ut ili ti es.
3 M a y in cl u de w o r k e r s o t h er than th o se p r e se n t e d se p ar at e ly .




of
worker*

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

Average
Number

24

30

136

s t r a i g h t - t im e

39.5
4 0 .C
39.5

76.50
82.50
73.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra t e s) , and the ea rni ngs

10
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b r u a r y 1967)
Nu m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1

O cc u p a t io n and in du st r y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

$
2.20
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

24
15

$
3.54
3. 55

$
3 .5 7
3 .5 8

$
$
3 .2 3 - 3 .7 0
3 .3 0 - 3 .6 6

$

$

$

$

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0 2 .6 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$

$

$

$

$

$

3.0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3.50 3.6 0

3 .7 0 3 .8 0

3.9 C

4 .0 0 4 .1 0 4 .2 0

-

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 C

4 .1 0

_

2 .6 0

“

-

~

“

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

$

$

$

~

-

-

-

_

2

2

-

-

-

-

2
“

2

-

5
4
1
i

_

$

1

4
4

_

_

$

11

10

_

8

13
5
8
-

4

-

99
32
67
15

3. 14
3 .5 2
2 .9 6
3 .0 7

3 . 16
3 .6 6
2 .9 3
3. 14

2 .8 1 3 .3 5 2 .7 3 2 .8 5 -

3 .4 9
3 .3 6
3.2 7
3 .4 3

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

51
37

2.9 7
3.0 9

2 .6 9
3. 18

2 .6 3 2 .6 6 -

3 .4 4
3 .4 6

1
-

4
-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

96
16

3.0 7
2 .8 0

3 .1 1
2.78

3 .0 1 2 .4 5 -

3.22
3 .1 9

1
1

3
3

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

72
65

3 .6 7
3 . 69

3 .6 8
3 .6 9

3 .3 6 3 .3 6 -

3 .9 7
3 .9 7

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

201
33
163
154

3 .4 1
3.37
3.42
3 .4 1

3 .3 9
3 .3 4
3 .5 0
3 .4 0

3 .3 3 3 .1 6 3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

3 .5 6
3.48
3 .5 6
3 .5 5

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 74
243

3 .3 7
3 . 37

3 .3 7
3 .3 7

3 .1 8 3 .1 9 -

3.55
3.5 4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

O I L E R S ------------------- ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

30
27

3.0 2
2.99

3.25
2 .8 9

2 .5 8 2 .5 7 -

3 .3 5
3.36

_

_

3
3

6
6

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

22
15

3.58
3 .6 0

3 .6 1
3 .6 3

3 .3 6 3 .4 0 -

3.9 1
3 .7 9

-

-

-

TOOL AND OIF MAKEFS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

112
112

3.85
3.85

3.7 0
3.70

3 .5 1 3 .5 1 -

4 .4 3
4 .4 3

-

“

_

-

3

_

_

-

-

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pa y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, ho l id a y s , and late shifts.
F o r def ini tio n o f t e r m s , see footn ot e 2, table A -1 .
T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , co m m u n i ca t io n , and othe r p u bl ic ut il iti es.

-

-

-

-

11
1

4
1

11
2

10
1

-

8
5

5
2
3
-

18
16

i
“

1
-

-

_

-

4
4

2
2

2
2

4
3

2
-

10
-

25
4

18
3

$

$

$

$

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

7
7

17
15

2
2

78
15
63
63

]_

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

_

1
1

3

25
25

1
1

11
11

21
13

8
8

12
12

2
2

3
3

10
10

_
-

6
6

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
11

4
4

_

10
9

2
2

27
24

6
6

_
“

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

1

~

4 .5 0

-

_

8

1

_

5
5

17
17

FNGINFERS, STATIONARY --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------------------

“

5
5

1
1

3 .9 8
3 .9 3

-

3 .7 0

6
6

3 .3 8 3 .3 8 -

-

3 .5 0 3.6 0

“

3 .7 0
3 .6 9

4

3 .4 0

3
2

3 .6 9
3.6 9

11

3.30

5
3

112
101

_

3 .2 0

_

FLECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------




$

%

2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

and
under
2.30

CARPENTFRS, MAINTENANCE----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$

23
-

3
3

8
7
1
1

16
5
11
11

10
9

4
4

17
16

27
25

1
-

5
5

_

-

-

“

“

-

3
“

-

-

-

2

-

17
12

-

-

1

12
12

-

l

_

1

-

_

-

4
4

3

71

11

-

-

-

3
3

71
7i

9
8

78
78

-

12
12

-

_
”

3
3

6
6

-

_

_

~

“

_

_

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

_

12
12

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

11
2

84
84

_
~

-

-

5
4

1

12
12

2
2

-

-

15
*

-

-

1
1
2
2

4
4

1
1

1
1

3
1

1
“

1
1

17
17

13
13

4
4

1
1

1
1

4
4

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

39
39

11
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , D es M o in e s , Iow a, F e b r u a r y 1967)
2
Hourly eamings1

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h ou r ly ea rn in gs o f—
$

Middle range3

Mean3

Median3

$
1 .4 6
1 .4 6

$
1 .3 8 1 .3 8 -

ELEVATOR OPERATORS. PASSENGER
( WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

42
42

$
1 • 40
1 .4 0

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------

102
66
36

2 .6 2
2.95
2 .0 4

3.0 3
3 .1 1
1 .9 5

2 .C 6- 3 .1 4
3 .0 3 - 3 .1 6
1 .7 6 - 2 .3 6

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 ----------------------------

68 6
325
361
39

2 . 17
2.5 5
1 .8 2
2.3 8

2 . 13
2.71
1 .8 3
2.45

1 .7 9 2 .2 4 1 .6 4 2 .1 9 -

$
1 .5 3
1 .5 3

2 .7 0
2 .8 1
2 .0 2
2 .6 6

tt ^
Under

$
$
2 .2 0 - 2 .3 0

'S
;2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

,2 .5 0

2.6 0

2 .7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

2
2

2
2

5
5

9
5
4

-

-

~

64
46
18
2

30
20
10
-

65
48
17
7

6
6
6

_
-

24
12
12
12

86
83
3
3

65
64
1
1

1
-

.

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

$
1 .30

$
1 .4 0

$
1.50

$
1.60

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1.90

$
2 .0 0

1 .3 0

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and in du st r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

1.4 0

1.50

1.6 0

1 .7 0

1.8C

1 .9 0

2.0 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

7
7

-

18
18

-

3
3

2
2

3
1
2

9
5
4

7
7

_
-

3
3

25
25
2

27
6
21
“

47
47

55
1
54
”

37
5
32
4

67
5
62
“

38
11
27
1

_

3
3
-

16
16
”

“
2
2

8
8

72
70

1 .61
1.5 8

1.56
1.5 5

1 .4 8 1 .4 7 -

1 .7 2
1.7 1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

483
304
179

2.5 6
2.78
2.17

2.8 2
2 .9 0
1.94

2 .3 0 2 .5 6 1 .6 3 -

3.0 0
2 .9 9
3 .1 2

-

ORDER
FILLERS ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

299
2 79

2.7 1

2 .8 9
2 .9 0

2 .7 3 2 .7 4 -

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

_

2.11

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

93
60

2 .9 3
2 .9 3

3.15
3.1 8

2 .7 8 2 .7 2 -

3 .2 4
3 .2 9

_

_

-

“

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

71
31
40

2 .7 4
2.75
2.7 4

2 .7 9
2 .6 9
2 .8 3

2 .5 5 2 .5 7 2 .5 3 -

2 .9 8
2 .9 6
3 .0 8

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

47
23
19

2 .9 1
2.9 4
2.8 8

2 .9 9
3.21
2 .9 8

2 .7 2 2 .6 3 2 .7 7 -

3 .2 4
3.28
3 .1 5

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

54
35
19

2.7 2
2.8 9
2 .4 1

2 .9 2
2 .9 6
2.5 5

2 .3 5 2 .4 0 1 .9 C -

TRUCKCRIVERS5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 4 ----------------------------

469
86
333
310

3.0 5
2 .5 8
3.16
3 .3 0

3 .3 1
2.6 2
3 . 34
3 .3 6

TRUCKORI VERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

25
18

2 .0 6
1 .9 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TCNS) ---------------------

37

2 .2 0

_

24
24

22
22

5
5

17
17

_

-

28
28

8
8

35
35

11
1.1

_

22
22

7
7

_

2

_

-

12
12

11
10
1

10
2
8

1
1

7
7

_

5
-

_

_

_

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

“

12
12

3.8 0

_
-

_
-

-

-

50
50
“

2
2

5
5
-

-

9
9
-

3
3
-

10
10
-

2
2
-

_
-

~

~

“

-

-

4
4
-

5
5

6

78
78

20
20

86
78

63
62

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

8
8

1
1

6
-

33
9

24
24

2
2

2
2
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

14
7
7

6
6

5
1
4

7
2
5

14
8
6

14
4
10

_
-

_
-

-

3
3
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

5
4
1

2
1
1

6
3
3

2
2

5
5

8
8

14
14
-

1
1

_
-

2
-

1
1

_
-

15
9
6

3
3
-

10
9
1

1
1
-

_
-

39
13
26
20

3
3

38
2
36
36

193
7
186
172

81
1
80
80

1
I
-

6
4

_

_
-

_
-

5
5

2
?

_
-

_
-

9
9
-

_
-

-

2
2

-

2

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
10
-

5
5
-

22
12
10

~

“

-

9
5
4
"

19
19
”

29
4
25

“

1
1
1

5
5
-

”

7
2
5
“

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

”

~

”

“

~

1
1

-

2 .8 1 2 .2 4 3 .1 4 3 .3 1 -

3.3 8
2 .8 3
3 .3 9
3 .4 0

_
-

_
~

7
7
“

_
-

2 .1 2
1 .8 5

1 .4 9 1 .4 7 -

2 .8 1
2 .8 1

_

_

7
7

2 .2 4

2 .0 8 -

2 .2 3

-

5
5

-

_

_

~

~

2

5
~

-

_
”

1
1

20

10

4

1

1

_

_

“

_

_

_

~

~

”

1
1

-

1

i

5

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

12
12

6

16
16

12
12

"

"

"

"

"

6

-

20
2Q

_

_

_

“

-

2
_

_
-

113
61
52

1
1

_
-

Data l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x ce p t w h e re o t h e r w i s e indicated.
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee ken ds , h ol id a y s, and late sh ifts.
F o r de f in i t io n of t e r m s , s e e fo ot no te 2, table A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and oth er public ut ilities.
I nc lu de s all d r i v e r s , as de fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s o f si z e and type o f t r u c k o pe r at ed .




3.60

38
86
2

_
-

3.2 9

1
2
3
4
5

3.40

43
43
-

-

-

3 .1 6
3.16

3 .20

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

2 .8 6 2 .8 3 -

3 . ,00

19
19
~

-

-

2 .6 9 -

$
3 .6 0

30
30

3
2
1

_
-

3.23

$
3 .4 0

17
1C
7

_
“

3 .1 4
3 .2 4
2 .9 5

3 .0 6
3.C 4

$
3.2 0

-

47
36
11

-

-

3.04

2
2

“

8
8

-

_

-

_
“

-

-

“

-

2
2

_

-

-

“

-

”

-

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

2.98
2 .9 7

-

3
3

-

35

-

1
-

_

-

-

193
178

$
$
2.i 9C 3 . 0 0

and
1 . 2 0 under

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (EORKLIFT) ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

t

2 .1 0

$

JANITORS. PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------------

$
2 .8 0

14
14

1 * 20

“

-

“

.

1

20

1

1

94
79

26
26

_

_

~

“




Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because o f this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billin g operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Rem ington Rand, Elliott Fidler,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set o f records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billin g machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections o f
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
13

14

CLERK, A C CO U N TIN G — C on tinu ed

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this m aterial.
May keep records of various types in co n ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerica l tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m a il,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffic e machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d a y-to-d ay work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerica l and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’ s files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate o ffice r," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

16

SE CRETAR Y— Conti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the o fficer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g . , a m iddle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5 ,000
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle c t, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full” telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Limited*1 telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
e&ension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-M ACHINE OPERATOR— C ontinued

sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d a y supervision of the work and production o f a group o f
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually o f a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the e ffe ct of
each change on the details of form , function, and positional relation­
ships o f components and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. C om pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech ­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or p en cil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing acciden t reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow in g: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES-~Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation o f one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the woik of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following; Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface pecul i ­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x perienee. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge o f sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’ s snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL W ORKER, MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

TOOL AND DIE MAKER
(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— C ontinued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----The seventh annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
tr a ce r s, job analysts, directors of personnel, managers of office
se r v ice s, buyers, freight rate clerk s, and clerical em ployees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1535, National
ministrative , Technical, and ^Clerical
50 cents a copy.

Survey of P rofessional, A d ­
Pay, F e b ru ary-M arch 1 9 6 6 .

☆

U.s. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1967 -2 5 3 -6 0 6 /6 1




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la test available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to r y indicating dates o f e a r lie r stud ies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
available on req u est. B ulletins may be purchased fr o m the Superintendent of D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice , W ashington, D .C ., 20204,
o r fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l sales o ffic e s shown on the inside fron t c o v e r .
A re a

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e

A k ron , O hio, June 1966 1_______________________________
A lbany^-S chenectady-T roy, N .Y ., A pr. 1966 1 ------------A lbuquerque, N. M e x ., A pr. 1966 1____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem — aston, Pa.— .J .,
E
N
F eb. 1966 1_____________________________________________
Atlanta, G a ., May 1966 1 _______________________________
B a ltim o re , M d ., N ov. 1966 1___________________________
Beaum ont— o r t A rth u r-O ra n g e, T ex ., May 1966 1___
P
B irm ingh am , A la ., A p r. 1966--------------------------------------B o ise C ity, Idaho, July 1966 1_________________________ ,
B oston , M a ss ., O ct. 1966______________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1530-30,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1530-16,

25
30
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffalo, N .Y ., D e c. 1966 1______________________________
B u rlington, V t ., M ar. 1966___-________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r. 1966 1------- -------------------------------------C h arleston , W. V a ., A pr. 1966 1 ______________________
C h arlotte, N .C ., A p r. 1966 1
___________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a ., Sept. 1966 1________________ _
C h icag o, 111., A p r. 1966 1 ______________________________
C incinnati, O hio— y.— d., M ar. 1966 1 _____ ______ -__
K
In
C levela n d , O hio, Sept. 1966 1__________________________
C olum bu s, O hio, O ct. 1966 1___________________________
D a lla s, T e x ., Nov. 1966 1______________________________

1530-38,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1530-13,
1530-20,
1530-25,

30
20
25
25
25
30
30
25
30
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-19,
1465-39,
1530-32,
1530-44,
1465-45,
1530-28,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1530-37,

30
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1530-43,
1530-39,
1530-26,
1465-80,
1530-1,

20
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1530-40,
1530-31,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D avenport— ock Island— olin e, Iowa—
R
M
111.,
D ayton, O hio, Jan. 1966 1 ____________________
D en v er, C o lo ., D e c. 1966____________________
D es M oin es, Iow a, F eb. 1967________________
D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1966____________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1966 1-----------------------G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 1966 1------------------------G re e n v ille , S .C ., M ay 1966 1— ______________
H ouston, T e x ., June 1966 1 ___________________
Indianapolis, In d., D e c. 1966_________________
Jackson, M is s ., F eb. 1967_____________ —______________
J a ck son v ille, F la ., Jan. 1 9 6 7 1------------------------------------Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s., Nov. 1966___________________
K
L aw ren ce— a v erh ill, M ass.—
H
N.H., June 1966 1 ---------L ittle R ock— orth L ittle R ock , A rk ., Aug. 1966 1____
N
L os A n geles—Long B each and Anaheim -Santa A n a G arden G ro v e , C a lif., M ar. 1966 1
___________________
L o u isv ille , K y.— d., F eb. 1966_______________________
In
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1966 1------------------------------------------M an ch ester, N .H ., Aug. 1966 1------------------------------------M em ph is, Tenn.— r k ., Jan. 1967______________________
A
M iam i, F la ., D e c. 1966____________________ ___—— —
Midland and O d essa , T e x ., June 1966 1 -----------------------


1 Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

A rea

B ulletin number
and p r ic e

M ilw aukee, W is ., A pr. 1966____________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1967 1______________
M uskegon— uskegon H eights, M ich ., May 1966 1 _____
M
Newark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F eb. 1966 1 ____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1967___________________________
New O rlea n s, L a., F eb. 1966____________________________
New Y ork , N .Y ., A pr. 1966 1____________________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and N ew port News—
P
Hampton, V a., June 1966______________________________
Oklahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 1966 1_____________________

1465-61,
1530-42,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1530-41,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
30
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 cents
25 cents

Omaha, N eb r.—
Iow a, O ct. 1966_________________________
P aterson — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., May 1966 1 __________
C
P
P h iladelphia, P a.— .J ., Nov. 1966 1___________________
N
P hoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1966 1_____________________________
Pittsbu rgh, P a ., Jan. 1966______________________________
P ortland, M aine, Nov. 1966_____________________________
P ortlan d, O r eg.— a sh ., May 1966 1_______ _____________
W
P rov id en ce—
Pawtucket— arw ick, R .I.— a ss.,
W
M
May 1966________________________________________________
R aleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1966_______________________________
R ichm ond, V a., Nov. 1966______________________________
R o ck fo rd , 111., May 1966 1 ______________________________

1530-18,
1465-76,
1530-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1530-17,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1530-23,
1465-66,

25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L ou is, M o.—
111., O ct. 1966 1_________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D ec. 1966 1_______________________
San A ntonio, T e x ., June 1966________________ __ ________
San B ern ardin o— iv e r sid e — ntario, C a lif.,
R
O

1530-27,
1530-33,
1465-78,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

San D ieg o, C a lif., Nov. 1966 *_____________________ _____
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1967 1____________
San J o s e , C a lif., Sept. 1966_____________________________
Savannah, G a., May 1966 1______________________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1966____________________ ___________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., O ct. 1966________ ______________
E

1530-14,
1530-24,
1530-36,
1530-10,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1530-22,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D ak., O ct. 1966_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1966 1___________________________
Spokane, W ash., June 1966____________________ _________
Tampa—
St. P e te rsb u rg , F la ., Sept. 1966 1 ____________
T oled o, Ohio— ich ., F eb. 1966_________________________
M
T renton, N .J., D e c. 1966 *______________________________
W ashington, D .C .—
Md.— a ., O ct. 1966 *________________
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1966 1_________________________
W a terloo, Iowa, Nov. 1966 1_____________________________
W ichita, K a n s., O ct. 1966 1____________ _________________
W o r c e s te r , M a ss., June 1966 1_________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb. 1966 1----------------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren, O hio, Nov. 1966__________________
W

1530-12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1530-9,
1465-49,
1530-34,
1530-15,
1465-52,
1530-21,
1530-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1530-29,

20
25
20
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102