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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Jacksonville, Florida, Metropolitan Area
Jan u ary 1 9 6 7

Bulletin No. 1 5 3 0 - 3 9




U N ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. W illard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rth u r M

Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Jacksonville, Florida, Metropolitan Area




January 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-39
April 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistics p ro gram of annual
occupational wage su r v e y s in m etropolitan a reas is d e ­
sign ed to provide data on occupational earnin gs, and e sta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary wage p ro v isio n s.
It
y ie ld s deta iled data by s e le c te d industry division s for each
of the a re a s studied, fo r geographic reg io n s, and fo r the
United S ta te s.
A m a jo r con sid e ratio n in the pro gram is
the need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages
by occu p ation al c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s tr u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w ages am ong a re as and industry d iv isio n s.

Introduction_________________________________________________________________________
W age tren ds fo r se le c te d occupational g ro u p s______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

A t the end of ea ch su rvey , an individual area b u l­
le tin p r e se n ts s u rv ey r e su lts fo r each area studied.
A fte r
com p letio n of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a round
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a r y bu lletin is issu e d .
The
f i r s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan a re a s
studied into one b u lletin .
The second part p resen ts in fo r ­
m ation w hich has b een p ro jec ted fr o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to re la te to geographic region s and the
United S ta te s.

B.

E ig h t y -s ix a re a s c u rren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In form atio n on occupational earnings is c o llec ted
annually in each a r e a . In form ation on establish m en t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p ro vision s is obtained b ie n ­
n ially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This b u lletin p r e se n ts resu lts of the su rvey in
J a c k so n v ille , F la . , in January 1967. The Standard M e tr o ­
politan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p r il 1966, c o n sists of Duval County.
This
study was conducted by the B u re a u 's region al o ffice in
A tlan ta, Ga. , B ru n sw ick A . Bagdon, D ir e c to r ; by J erry G.
A d a m s , under the d ire c tio n of Jam es D. G arland.
The
study was under the g en era l d irection of Donald M . C r u se ,
A s s is ta n t R egion al D ir e c to r for W ages and Industrial
R e la tio n s .




1
4

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rvey and
num ber s tu d ie d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard w eekly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnin gs for se le c te d occupational g ro u p s, and
p ercen ts of in c r e a s e fo r se le c te d p e r io d s _________________________
O ccupational e a r n in g s:*
A - 1.
O ffice occu pation s—m en and w om en __________________________
A - 2.
P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— en _______________
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b in e d ____________________________________
A - 4.
M aintenance and power plant occu p ation s-----------------------------A - 5.
C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t o cc u p a tio n s ____________
E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary wage p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en o ffice w o r k e r s __
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ------------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
Scheduled w eekly h o u r s ________________________________________
B -4 .
Paid h o lid a y s_____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P aid v a c a t io n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 .
H ealth, in su ra n c e, and pension p lan s_______________________
B - 7 . H ealth in su ra n ce b en efits provided em p loy ee s and
th eir dependents------------------------------------------------------------------------B -8 .
P r e m iu m pay for o v e r tim e w o r k _____________________________

A ppen dixes:
A . Change in occupational d e scrip tio n : S e c r e ta r y ____________________
B . O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________________________

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are availab le fo r other
(See in side back c o v e r .)

Union s c a le s , in dicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls in
the J ack so n ville a re a , are a lso availab le fo r building
con stru ction ; printing; lo c a l-t r a n s it operating e m p lo y ee s;
and m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s , h e lp e r s , and a llied occu p ation s.

m

3

4

6
8
9
10
11

12
13
13
14
15
17
18
19

20
21




Area W age Survey----The Jacksonville, Fla., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
bonuses and incentive earnings a re included.
W h ere w eek ly hours are
r e p o rte d , as for o ffice c le r ic a l occu p ation s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard w orkw eek (rounded to the n e a r e s t h alf hour) for which em p loyees
r e c e iv e their reg u lar s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x c lu siv e of pay for
o v e rtim e at reg u la r a n d /o r p rem iu m r a te s ).
A v e r a g e w eek ly earnings
for th ese occupations have been rounded to the n e a r e s t half d o lla r.

T h is a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U .S . D epartm en t of L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s conducts su rvey s of occupational earnings
and rela te d b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w e re
obtained by p e rs o n a l v is it s of Bureau fie ld eco n o m ists to r e p r e ­
sen tative e sta b lish m e n ts w ithin six broad industry d iv isio n s: M an u ­
fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s;
w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n ce, and r e a l esta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies a re
govern m en t o p eration s and the con struction and ex tra ctiv e in d u stries.
E sta b lish m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e sc r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs are
o m itted
b ec a u se they tend to furnish insufficient em p loym en t in the
occu pation s studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re
provided fo r each o f the b road industry division s which m ee t pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e r a g e s p rese n te d r e fle c t c o m p o site , areaw ide e s t i ­
m a te s .
In du stries and e sta b lish m en ts d iffer in pay le v e l and job
staffin g and, thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a te s for each job.
The pay rela tio n sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e r a g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a cc u ra te ly the w age spread or d iffe re n tia l m aintained am ong jobs in
individual esta b lish m e n ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay
le v e ls for m en and w om en in any o f the se le c te d occupations should
not be a ssu m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t of the sex es
within individual e sta b lish m e n ts .
O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
ences in p r o g r e s s io n within esta b lish e d rate r a n g e s, since only the
actu al ra tes paid incum bents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n ce s in sp ecific
duties p e rfo r m e d , although the w o rk e rs a re ap p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d
within the sam e su rvey job d e sc rip tio n .
Job d escrip tion s used in
c la ssify in g em p lo y ee s in these su rv ey s a re u su ally m o re gen eralized
than those used in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for m inor
d iffe re n ce s am ong e sta b lish m en ts in the sp e c ific duties perform ed .

T h ese su rv e y s a r e conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o st in volved in su rveyin g a ll e sta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t, a g reater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts is studied.
In com bin in g the data,
h o w ev er, a ll e s ta b lish m e n ts a re given their appropriate w eight.
E s­
tim a te s b a se d on the e sta b lish m en ts studied a re p r ese n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
ex cep t for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccu pation s and E arn in gs
The occu p ation s se le c te d for study a re com m o n to a v ariety
o f m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
fo llow in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (Z) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m ain ten an ce and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a t io n is based on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d e sig n ed to take account of in te re sta b lish m e n t v ariatio n
in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The occupations se le c te d for study
a re liste d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B .
The earnings data follow in g
the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data fo r som e
of the o ccu p ation s liste d and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry d iv isio n s
w ithin o c c u p a tio n s , a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , b ecau se
eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p re se n ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re
of individual esta b lish m e n t data.

O ccupational em p loy m en t e s tim a te s rep rese n t the total in
a ll e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the scope of the study and not the number
a ctu ally su rvey ed .
B ec a u se o f d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
am ong e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occu pation al em ploym ent o b ­
tained fro m the sa m p le of esta b lish m e n ts studied serv e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jo b s studied.
T h ese d ifferen ces in
occupational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu racy of the
earnin gs data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s
In form ation is p resen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary w age p ro vision s as they re­
late to plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and pro­
fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w o r k e r s who are
u tilized as a sep arate w ork fo r c e a re excluded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w orking fo r e m e n and a ll n o n su p erv iso ry w o rk ers (including le a d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu n ction s.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "

O ccu p ation al em p loy m en t and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose hired to w ork a regular w eek ly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and
late s h ifts .
N onproduction bon u ses a re excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv i n g




1

2
include w orking su p e rv iso r s and n o n su p erv iso ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l or rela te d fu n ction s.
C a feteria w o rk e rs and rou tem en a re
excluded in m an u factu rin g in d u strie s, but included in nonm anufacturing
in d u s trie s .
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en o ffice w o rk ers (table
B - l ) rela te only to the esta b lish m en ts v isite d .
They a re p resen ted in
te r m s of esta b lish m en ts with fo r m a l m in im u m entrance sa la r y policies.
Shift d iffe re n tia l data (table B -2 ) a re lim ited to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in d u strie s.
This in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s of (1) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te r m s of total plant
w orker em p loy m en t, and (2) effectiv e p r a c tic e , presen ted in te r m s of
w o rk ers a ctu ally em p loyed on the sp e c ified shift at the tim e of the
su rv ey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v a ried d iffe r e n tia ls, the am ount
applying to a m a jo r ity w as u sed o r , if no am ount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " w as u sed .
In esta b lish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n o rm a l r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l was reco rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the sh ift h ou rs.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (table B -3 ) of a m a jo r ity of the
fi r s t -s h i ft w o rk e rs in an esta b lish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant or o ffice w o rk ers of that esta b lish m en t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours a re those w hich fu ll-tim e em p loy ee s w e re expected to
w ork , w hether they w ere paid for at stra ig h t-tim e or o v ertim e r a te s .
Paid h olid ay s; paid vacation s; health , in su ra n c e, and pension
plans; and p rem iu m pay for o v ertim e w ork (tables B - 4 through B -8 )
are treated s ta tistic a lly on the b a sis that these a re applicable to a ll
plant or o ffice w o rk e rs if a m a jo r ity o f such w o rk ers a re elig ib le or
m ay eventually qualify for the p r a c tic e s liste d .
Sum s of individual
item s in tab les B - 2 through B - 8 m ay not equal totals b ecau se of
rounding.
Data on paid h olidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a re provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been esta b lish e d by c u sto m .
H olidays
o rd in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a nonw orkday, even if the w o rk er is not granted another day o ff.
The fir s t
part o f the paid holidays table p r ese n ts the num ber of whole and h alf
holidays a ctu ally granted.
The second part com b in es whole and half
holidays to show total h oliday t im e .
The su m m a ry o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to f o r ­
m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l a rra n g em en ts w h ereby tim e off with
pay is granted at the d isc r e tio n of the e m p lo y e r .
E stim a te s exclude
v a c a tio n -sa v in g s plans and those which o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t i­
c a l " b en efits beyond b a sic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths of
s e r v ic e .
T y p ica l of such e x c lu sio n s a re plans in the s t e e l, a lu m in u m ,
and can in d u strie s.
Separate e stim a te s a re provided a cco rd in g to
em p loy er p ra ctic e in com puting vacation p a y m e n ts, such as tim e p a y ­
m e n ts , percen t of annual e a r n in g s, or fla t -s u m am ou n ts. H ow ev er, in
1

An

establishm ent was

considered

as having

a p o lic y

if

it m e t

either

of

the

follow ing

conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering
late shifts.

An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1 ) had operated late

shifts during the

12 months prior to the survey,

late shifts.




or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating

the tabulations o f vacation pay, paym en ts not on a tim e b a s is w e re c o n ­
verted to a tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym en t of 2 p ercen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered a s the equ ivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re presen ted fo r a ll h ealth , in su ra n c e , and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) for w hich at le a s t a part o f the c o s t is
borne by the e m p lo y e r , exceptin g only le g a l r eq u ire m e n ts such as
w o r k m e n 's com p en sation , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and ra ilro a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce
com pany and those provided through a union fund or paid d ir e c tly by
the em p loy er out of cu rren t op eratin g funds or fr o m a fund s e t a sid e
for this purpose.
Selected health in su ra n ce b en efits provided e m ­
ploy ees and their dependents a re a ls o p r e se n te d .
Sickness and acciden t in su ra n ce is lim ite d to that type of
in surance under which p red eterm in e d c a sh paym en ts a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or a ccid en t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em p loy er con trib u tes.
H ow ev er, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ran ce laws which req u ire e m ­
ployer c o n tr ib u tio n s,2 plans a re included only if the em p lo y er (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , or (2) pro vid es the em p loy ee
with benefits which exceed the re q u ire m e n ts o f the law.
Tabu lation s
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 w hich provide
fu ll pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w ork
b ecau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p rese n te d a cc o rd in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aitin g p e rio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p erio d .
In addition
to the presen tation of the p ro portion s of w o r k e r s who a re provided
sic k n e ss and acciden t insurance or paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o rk ers who r e c e iv e either or both types of b en efits.
Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l in su ran ce, includes those plans which a re design ed to p ro tect
e m p lo y ee s in case of sick n ess and injury in volvin g e x p e n ses beyond
the n o rm a l coverage of h o sp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans providin g fo r com p lete or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c to r s' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u n derw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rg a n iza tio n s or they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations o f r e tir e m e n t pen sion plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem a in d e r of
the w o r k e r 's life .
Data on o v ertim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 8 ) , the hours after
which prem iu m pay is rec eiv ed and the c o rresp o n d in g rate of pay, a re
presen ted by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D aily o v e rtim e r e fe r s to
w ork in ex c ess of a sp e cified n u m ber of hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the num ber o f hours worked on other days o f the pay p e rio d .
W eekly
o v e rtim e re fe r s to w ork in e x c e s s of a sp e c ifie d num ber o f hours
per w eek r e g a r d le ss of the day on w hich it is p e r fo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or num ber o f days w ork ed .
2 The

temporary

disability

contributions.
3 A n establishment was
m in im u m number of days
w ritten,

but informal

sick

laws

in

considered

of sick
leave

leave

C alifornia
as having

availa b le

allow ances,

and

Rhode

a form al
to each

determ ined

Island

require

if

it established

e m p lo y e e .

Such a plan

on

plan

do not

an

individual

basis,

em ployer

at least the
need

were

not be

exclu ded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lish m e n ts and w o rk ers within scop e of su rv e y and num b er

studied in J a c k so n v ille , F la .,

by m a jo r in du stry d iv is io n , 2 January 1967

N u m b er of e sta b lish m e n ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scop e
of stu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

P lan t
N u m b er

A ll d i v i s i o n s ---------------------------

----------------------------------

M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------N on m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________ ___________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ________________________
W h o le s a le tra d e -------------------------------------------------R e ta il tr a d e -------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v ic e s 8_____ ____________________________________

_

O ffic e

Percen t

T o t a l4

365

133

6 7 ,0 0 0

100

4 1 ,2 0 0

13, 90 0

4 2 , 280

50
-

102
263

40
93

1 9 ,1 0 0
4 7 ,9 0 0

28
72

1 5 ,1 0 0
2 6 ,1 0 0

1, 300
12, 600

1 3 ,2 3 0
2 9 ,0 5 0

50
50
50
50
50

49
53
82
41
38

23
13
22
19
16

12, 800
5, 300
1 6 ,2 0 0
8, 500
5, 100

19
8
24
13
8

6 , 500

2, 500

10, 190
1 ,7 0 0
8, 260
6, 390
2, 510

( 6)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

(6)
(6)
( 6)
(6)

1 The J a c k so n v ille Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a , as defin ed by the B ureau of the Budget through A p r il 1966, c o n s is ts of D uval C ounty. The "w o r k e r s within sc o p e of stud y" estim a tes
shown in this table p ro v id e a r e a so n a b ly accu rate d esc rip tio n of the s iz e and c o m p o sitio n of the lab or fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a re not intended, h o w e v e r , to se r v e as a b a sis
of c o m p a r iso n with other em p lo y m en t in dexes for the area to m e a su r e em p loym en t trend s or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data com p iled c on sid erab ly
in ad vance of the p a y r o ll p erio d stu d ied , and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts a re exclu ded fr o m the scop e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific a tio n M an ual and the 1963 Supplem ent w ere u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 In clud es a ll e sta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the area) of com p a n ie s in such in d u str ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 esta b lish m en t.
4 In cludes e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep a r a te plant and offic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w ater tran sp ortation w e r e ex clu d ed .
J a c k s o n v ille 's e le c tr ic u tility is m u n ic ip a lly op erated and is exclu ded by defin ition fr o m the scope of the study.
6 T h is in d u str y d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S eparate p resen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep a r a te study, (2) the sam p le was
not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p resen tation , (3) resp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p r e se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual
e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d ivision are rep rese n ted in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate portion only in
e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S ep arate p resen tation of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of the r e a so n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au tom obile repair sh o p s; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonp rofit m e m b e r sh ip o r gan ization s (exclu din g r e lig io u s and c h a rita b le o r g a n iza tio n s); and engineering
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s .




O ver o n e -fo u r th of the w o r k e r s within scope of the su rv e y in the J a ck so n v ille area
w e r e em ployed in m an ufacturin g f ir m s .
The follow in g table p r e se n ts the m a jo r in du stry
groups and sp ec ific in d u strie s as a p ercen t of a ll m an ufacturin g:
In d ustry grou ps

S p e cific in d u strie s

T ran sp ortation e q u ip m e n t--------- 21
Food p r o d u c ts--------------------------------- 19
Paper and a llied p r o d u c ts --------- 13
Printing and p u b lish in g--------------- 8
T ob a c co _____________________________ 8
C h e m ic a ls --------------5
F ab ricate d m e ta l p r o d u c ts -------- 5
P r im a r y m e t a l s ---------------------------5
Stone, c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c ts__________________________
5

Ship and boatbuilding and
r e p a ir in g _________________________ 20
C ig a r s _______________________________ 8
B a k ery p ro d u c ts__________________
6
Iron and st e e l fo u n d r ie s_________ 5
N e w sp a p e r s ________________________
5
P ap erb oard c on tain e rs and
b o x e s ______________________________ 5

T h is in fo rm ation is b ased on e stim a te s of total em p loym en t d eriv e d fr o m u n iv e rse
m a te r ia ls c om p iled p r io r to actu al su r v e y .
P rop ortion s in v a r io u s in du stry d iv isio n s m ay
d iffer fr o m p roportion s b a se d on the r e s u lts of the su rv e y as shown in table 1 above.

4

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e se n te d in table 2 a re in dexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a vera g e s a la r ie s of o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v era g e earnings of se le c te d plant w o rk er g ro u p s. The in dexes
are a m e a s u re of w a g es at a given tim e , e x p r e sse d as a p ercen t of
w ages during the b a se perio d (date of the a re a su rvey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
yields the p ercen tage change in w ages fr o m the b a se p e rio d to the
date of the index.
The p e rc e n ta g e s of change or in c re a se rela te to
wage changes betw een the indicated d a tes.
T h ese e stim a te s a re
m e a s u re s of change in a v era g e s fo r the a re a ; they a re not intended
to m e a s u re a vera ge pay changes in the esta b lish m en ts in the a re a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e se constant w eigh ts r e fle c t b a se y ea r
em ploym en ts w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a v e r a g e (m ean) earnin gs fo r
each occupation w ere m u ltip lied by the occu pation w eigh t, and the
produ cts for all occupations in the group w e r e to ta led . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 con secutive y e a r s w e re rela te d

by

dividing

the

a g g re g a te fo r

the la te r year by the agg rega te fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p ercen t, shows the p e rc e n ta g e change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b a s e y e a r re la tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
fo r the next succeeding y ear and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r 's rela tiv e by the p rev iou s y e a r ’ s in dex.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
fo r the follow ing occupations w e re u sed in com puting the wage tre n d s:

Each of the se le c te d key occupations within an occupational
group w as a ssig n e d a weight b ased on its proportion ate em p loym en t
Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

NOTE:

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Jacksonville, Fla. ,
January 1967 and January 1966, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(December 1960=100)

Percents of increase

January 1967

January 1966

January 1966
to
January 1967

123. 5

117.4

5. 1

3 .3

2 .7

2 .6

5. 1

2. 6

5. 2

(M

( X)
6 .0
2 5. 7

(*)
2 .8
2 .4

(M
5. 2
1 .4

(*)
2. 3
2 .9

(*)
3. 1
4 .8

(*)
2. 9
5. 2

4. 1
3. 3

( !)
( X)
6 .7
2. 7

( !)
( x)
3 .7
3. 1

( !)
C1)
( x)
2 .6

(!)

( X)
3. 1
2 .9

( )
( J)
4 .3

(!)
c1)
(M

Industry and occupational group

All industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----------------------Skilled maintenance (m en)-------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )---------------------------------------------Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----------------------Skilled maintenance (m en)-------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )----------------------------------------------

0

)

124.3
124. 5

117.2
117. 7

( !)
(*)
(*)
120. 5

(M
(M
(M
119. 7

January 1965
to
January 1966

January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

(J)

Data do not meet publication criteria.
These changes primarily reflect shifts in employment between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage changes.




November 1961
to
January 1963

December 1960
to
November 196i

5. 5

December 1959
to
December 1960

(M

(!)
( )
c1 )
7. 2

5
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in dustrial n u r s e s , the wage
tren d s re la te to w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r the n orm al w orkw eek, ex c lu siv e
of earnings at o v e r tim e p rem iu m r a te s.
For plant w o rk er g ro u p s,
they
m e a s u r e changes in avera ge stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for w ork on w eek en ds,
h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts.
The p ercen tages are b ased on data for
s e le c te d key occu pation s and include m o st of the n u m eric a lly im portant
jo b s within each group.

Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause in c r e a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v era g e s without actual w age ch an g es. It is conceivable
that even though a ll esta b lish m en ts in an a rea gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
a vera g e w ages m ay have declin ed b ecau se lo w e r-p a y in g establish m en ts
en tered the area or expanded th eir w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m ay have rem ain ed r ela tiv ely constant, yet the a v e r a g e s for an a rea
m ay have r ise n con sid e ra b ly b ecau se h ig h e r-p a y in g esta blish m en ts
entered the a r e a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The in dexes and p ercen ta ges of change, as m e a su r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l) gen eral sa la r y and
w age ch an g es,
(2) m e r it or other in c r e a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in a vera ge
w a g es due to changes in the labor fo rc e resulting fr o m lab or tu rn ­
o v e r , fo r c e e x p a n sio n s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tion s of w o r k e r s em p loy ed by esta blish m en ts with differen t pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a te s the effect
o f changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t only changes
in a vera ge pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rs.
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sc h ed u les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .
Data w e re adjusted w here n e c e s s a r y to rem ove fro m
the indexes and p e rce n ta ge s of change any sign ifican t effect caused
by changes in the scope of the s u rv ey .

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Number of workers receiving stra igh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

$

50

$

55

$

60

Median 2

Under
$
and
50
under

M iddle range 2

_

_

________ 55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

60

$

65

65
_

$

70

*

_

70

$

_

75

$

75

_

80

$

80

_

85

$

85

$

90
_

_

90

$

95

95

_

100

$

100

(

105
_

105

110
_

110

_

$

115

$

120

125

_

$

130

$

135

*

140

$

145

120

125

13C

-

-

and

135

140

145

over

4
3

115

-

2
2

5
4

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------

40.0 109.00 108.00
40.0 108.50 109.00

9 8 .0 098.00-

125.00
125.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------

39.5
39.5

95.00 106.00
95.00 109.00

68.5066.50-

117.00
118.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ------

40 .C
40 . C

91.00
89.50

93.50
90.00

83.00-105.00
82.50-103.50

OFFICE BOYS --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------

38.5
38.5

63.50
64.50

61.50
62.00

55.50- 68.50
56.50- 69.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A -----------------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ----------

29
25
44
44

40.5 100.50 104.00
40.5 IC O.50 104.00

95.5095.50-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------NO NM AN UFACTURING ------

40
27

40.0
40.5

71.50
69.50

73.00
72.50

35

40.0

77.00

81.50

58
44

40 . C
39.5

80.00
76.00

77.50
69.00

144
26
118

39.5
39.5
39.5

70.00
79.00
68.00

68.50
79.00
66.50

62.50- 76. 00
72.00- 91.00
6 2 . CO- 73.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

136
121
25

39.C 92.00
93.00
79.00-105.50
39.0
91.00
77.50-105.00
91.00
38.5 107.00 107.50 105.50-109.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

541
48
493

39.0
40.C
39.C

76.00
75.50
76.00

73.50
74.00
73.50

65.00- 87.00
70.50- 83.00
65.00- 87.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
NO NMANUFACTURING -

154
152

38.5
38.5

65.50
65.50

62.00
62.00

57.00- 69.50
57.00- 70.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NO NMANUFACTURING -

149
148

38.0
38.0

59.00
59.00

58.50
58.50

55.50- 62.00
55.50- 62.00

70
63

40.0
40.0

69.00
67.50

64.00
63.50

61.50- 85.50
61.00- 80.00

19
18

14
14

65.50- 91.50
63.50- 84.00

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE CPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

12

10

9

69.50- 85.50

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E C P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A ------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

17

66.00- 82.00
64.00- 80.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BCCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------

12
12

39 .C 120.00 119.50 114.50-127.00
39.C 120.00 119.00 114.00-128.00

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------

1C
8

1
1

121.00
121.00

4
4

2
2

2
2

4
2

-

1
1

3
3

-

6

1
1

A
4

9
9

3

2

6

1

2

4
4

1

8

6

1

-

-

5
5

3
3

6
6

-

2
2

WOMEN

CLERKS, ORDER -----NO NM AN UFACTURING
See footnotes at end of table.




4
4

1
1

16
11
2

5
5

7
3
2

2
2

3
1

1

12

9
9

10
10

5
-

38
38

25
4
21

29
7
22

5
3
2

10
4
6

9
1
8

7
7
-

11
11

2
2

11
11

13
13

8
8

14
14

15
10

-

-

-

-

-

24

9

-

-

99
4
95

82
6
76

12
12

81
18
63

49
5
44

48
6
42

16
16

3
3

21
21

36
35

42
42

14
13

28
27
4
4

9

72
72

31
31

5
5

5
5

7
7

34
34

2
-

2
2

5
3

1
1

4
4

4
3

2
1

1
1

1
1
18
15

83
5
78

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
3

17
13
1

19
18
18

2

4
4
1

7
4
-

2
2
2

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

8
1
7
10

1

37
3
34

3
3

1

5
5

24
4
4

2
-

10

-

-

6

2

6

2

1
1

7
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1967)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e wee:kly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
( standard)

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S

50
Under
and
$
under
50
55

55

t
60

$
65

$

$
70

75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

S

%

125

130

$
135

$
140

145
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

4
-

7
7

7
7

12
11

6
5

5
3

7
7

18
16

12
9

2
2

5
3

1
-

1
1

7

-

1
1

-

6

-

-

_

17
12

4
3

31
25

27
27

26
23

7
5

3
1

1
1

_

1
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

7
7

15
15

12
12

3
1

21
20

21
21

16
16

5
5

1
1

_

-

_

-

1
1

_

-

13
13

-

-

6
6

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

7
1

5
5
1

3
-

over

WOMEN - CCNT IN UE D
CLERKS* PAYROLL ---------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

97
80

39.5
39.0

$
86.50
86.50

$
89.50
89.00

$
$
7 2 .0 0 - 97.50
7 2 .0 0 - 9 6.50

C O MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------- ------

119
99

39.5
39.5

7 6.00
76.00

76.50
77.00

7 1.5 07 2 .0 0 -

KE YPUNCH OPER AT OR S * CLASS A -------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
118

39.0
39.0

97.00
97.00

106.00
106.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

34 3
329
4C

3 9.C
39.0
38.5

71.50
71.00
85.50

71.50
71.00
90.00

6 3.5 063.0 07 5.5 0-

81.00
80.50
94.00

12
12
-

8
8
-

24
24

64
64
2

49
48
4

58
54
4

34
33
2

49
45
3

19
17
5

17
15
13

2
2
2

7
7
5

_
-

_
-

-

-

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

68

60.50
60.50

58.50
58.50

5 5 .5 0 - 63.00
5 5 .5 0 - 6 3.00

_

29
29

13
12

_

3

3

_

_

_

_

3

3

-

-

-

2
2

-

“

15
15

3

67

38.0
38.0

-

-

S E CR ET AR IE S4 5
-------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

651
82
569
96

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

96.00
100.50
95.50
111.50

94.50
99.00
94.00
114.00

86.0 0-10 7.5 0
9 0 .5 0-11 5.0 0
85.5 0-10 6.0 0
101 .00 -1 26 .00

_
-

7
1

31

85
5
80

109
15
94

3

2

6

52
11

33

3

72
9
63
7

46
13

28

42
7
35

25

1
5
1

51
2
49

55

6

10
10

6

-

8

22
9

SECRETARIES, CLASS A5 -------------N C NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

48
37

39.5
39.5

107.50
104.50

107.00
103.50

9 4.0 0-12 7.0 0
9 2.5 0-12 6.0 0

2
2

_

_

1
1

3
3

4

_

“

8
7

6

-

3
3

_

-

3

SECRETARIES, CLASS B5 -------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

147
123

39.0
39.0

I C O . 00
I C O . 00

98.00
97.50

9 C .50-115.50
89.5 0-11 6.5 0

_

5
5

14
13

33

8

13

25

12
11

6

6

SE CRETARIES, CLASS C5 -------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

188
169

39.0
38.5

99.50
99.00

98.50
98.00

8 9.0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 9.5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D5 -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

268
28
240
26

39.5
40.0
39.5

89.50
89.50
92.50
93.50
8 9 . 50
89.00
105.00 107.00

8 C .50- 98.00
84.0 0-10 0.0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 9 8.00
9 6 .0 0-11 5.5 0

_
-

ST EN OGRAPHERS, G E NE RA L -------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

419
42
377

38.5
40.0
38.5

81.00
81.50
81.00

78.50
83.50
77.50

6 8 .5 0 - 9 2.00
7 8 .0 0 - 88.00
6 8 .0 0 - 9 2.50

2
2

ST EN OG RA PH ER S, S E NI OR --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

184
161

39.0
39.0

89.50
88.50

89.50
88.50

8 2 .5 0 - 9 6.50
8 1 .5 0 - 95.00

_
-

SW ITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR S, CLASS A ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
34

39.5
39.5

85.00
86.00

81.50
82.50

7 5.0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
75.0 0-10 1.5 0

_

_

SWITCH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

81
77

4 2 .C
4 2.5

59.50
58.50

62.00
61.50

4 6.0 04 5.5 0-

7 5.50
7 3.50

6 29
29

_

6

SWIT CH BO AR D OP ER AT CR -R E C E P T I C N I S T S MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

95
27
68

39.5
4 0.C
39.0

73.00
76.00
71.50

69.50
76.50
68.00

6 5 .5 06 9.0 05 9.50-

80.00
85.00
76.00

2
2

4

97.50
97.50

_

~

~

_

_

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------T R AN SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------See footnotes at end of table.




57
56

151
145

4C.C

3 8 .C
3 8.C

39.0
38.5

90.50
90.00

7 3.00
73.00

91.00
91.00

71.00
71.00

-

2
2

82.00
81.50

_

_

81.5 0-11 3.0 0
8 1.0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

_

8 1.0 081.00-

66.5 06 6 .0 0-

7 8.00
78.50

-

_

_

-

-

3
3

4

3

_

_

-

-

37
8
29
13

16
2
14
7

24
9
15
11

20
20
10

4

2
2

4

9

3

2
2

2

3

2
2

_

-

-

2

10
10

14
11

6
6

3
3

6
6

5
4

2
2

1
1

16
12

5
5

7
4

12
12

-

3
3

_

-

5
1

1
1
-

5
5
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

3

6
6

2

3

_

2

3

-

4
3

1
-

5
5

2
1

4
4

9
9

10
7

20
19

28
27

21
21

25
24

14
12

6

-

_
-

1
1
-

1
1
-

27

26

51

19

15

4

3

3

48
2

6
27

-

22
1

40
5
35

33

24
-

35
1
34
-

3

4

19
2

12
4

9
1
8

16
16

17
17

35
1
34

49
3
46

59
5
54

44
3
41

43
14
29

29
10
19

53
3
50

12

14

9

_

_
-

1
1

6

-

9
9

17
17

25
25

38
34

37
31

_

_

1
1

9

7
4

9
9

2
2

_
“

4
4

8
8

6

5

4

4

29
6
23

13

8

5

3

5
5

4

3
2
1

8

5

2
2
“

_

_

_

3

8

13
13

-

9

6

14
14

6

-

_
-

-

-

_

”
2
2

26

26

6

5
5
39
38

3

8

3
3

37
32

5

5
17
17

6
6

9
9

8
8

14
14

4
2
2

4

4

4
4

_

5

23

13

4

1

_

14

-

5

23

13

4

1

-

22
17

14
11

4
2

1
-

2

8

_

_

-

8

-

-

_

8
8

2
2

_

_

5

2

_

5

2

-

-

_

3

3
2
1

10
10

12
12

.

_

~

“

3
3

_

_

~

“

4
4

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

2

_

~

2

~
_

.

_

_

~

"

~
.

.

-

-

_

_

_

“

2
2

4
3

2
2

“

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

~

"

“

“

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(
standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving stra igh t-tim e we ekly earnings of—

$

$

$

$

Under

fstandard)

Median 2

M ean 2

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

s

$

$

M iddle range 2

$
50

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

-

8
8

42
39

12
12
3

15
15
5

9
7
6

13
12
6

13
12
4

1
-

41
12
29

10
2
8

23
2
21

2

$
%
$
$
$
125
130
135
140 145

125

1
1

50
and
under

and

135

13C

140

145

over

WOMEN - CCNTINUEC
TYPISTS, CLASS A -----NONMANUF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3

130
122
27

38.0
38.0
38.5

$
73.00
72.50
83.00

$
70.00
69.50
83.50

$
63.0063.0077.00-

TYPISTS, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING —
NO NMANUFACTURING

363
39
324

38.5
39.5
38.5

63.50
69.00
62.50

62.00
69.00
61.50

58 . CO- 68.50
65 . 00- 73.50
57.50- 66.50

$
83.00
81.50
89.00

-

-

“

“

16
16
2

_

32

“

-

99
4
95

114
6
108

41
12
29

-

32

-

1
1
1

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular stra igh t-tim e salarie s (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular an d /o r p rem iu m ra tes), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half receive le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
5 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A .
6 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 6 at $ 30 to $ 3 5 ; 12 at $ 3 5 to $ 4 0 ; and 11 at $ 4 5 to $ 5 0 .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(A verage stra igh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, F la . , January 1967)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e weekly earnings of—

nt) AC lontnlf f 1 ACC D
C I tLAbo D
UKAr TC U A
UAMIlCArTIIO Tiyu
r*
PiAlMUiAL 1UK 1M

"

“

^
——
— —

58
42

*

Average
weekly

$

105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

145

150

155

160

165

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

2
2

2
-

2
1

5
1

8
7

8
1

5
5

95

(standard)

M ean 2

40.0
40.0

$
129.50
135.00

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$
$
$
127.50 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
139.00 1 2C .0 0 -1 4 9 .0 0

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their
rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




100

100

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

$

$

$

$

*

and
under

regular straight-tim e

3
2

3

6
3

5
6

2
5

salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at

2

2
2

2
2

regular a n d /o r

3
3

prem ium

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, F la ., January 1967)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
earnings *
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCU PA TI ON S

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

41
28

40.0
40.5

$
73.0b
72.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (ECCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ------------------------

37

40 .C

78.00

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS A ------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

6C
44

4C.C
39.5

80.50
76.00

Weekly

Weekly

earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPA TI ON S - CONTINUED

- CONTINUED
121
118

39.0
39.0

$
97.00
97.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

81
77

42.0
42.5

$
59.50
58.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

343
329
40

39.0
39.0
38.5

71.50
71.00
85.50

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

95
27
68

39.5
40.0
39.0

73.00
76.00
71.50

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -

146
137

38.5
38.5

62.00
62.50

TABULATI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
34

38.5 116.00
38.5 115.50

SECRET AR IE S3 4 --------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

661
102

39.0
96.50
39.5 100.00
39.0
96.00
39.C 113.00

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

101
ICO

39.0
39.0

95.00
94.50

48
37

39.5 107.50
39.5 104.50

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------

151
145

39.0
38.5

73.00
73.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS B 4
MANUFACTURING ------NO NM AN UFACTURING ---

149
26
123

39.0 ICO.00
4 0 . C 99.50
39.0 100.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------

130
122
27

38.0
38.0
38.5

73.00
72.50
83.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C4
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

190
171

39.0 100.00
38.5
99.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------------------

374
39
335

38.5
39.5
38.5

65.00
69.00
64.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS D
MANUFACTURING ------NQ NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

274
30
244
30

39.5
90.50
40.0
93.50
39.5
90.00
40.0 108.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MA NUFACTURING -----NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

429
42
387

38.5
40.0
38.5

82.00
81.50
82.00

184
161

39.0
39.0

89.50
88.50

38
34

39.5
39.5

85.00
86.00

144
26
118

39.5
39.5
39.5

CLERKS, AC COUNTING, CLASS A —
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------

20 2
178
35

39.0 97.50
39.0
96.50
39.0 111.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

575
54
521

39.0
40 . C
39.C

77.00
78.00
77.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1--------23
4

161
159
31

38.5
38.5
39.0

67.00
67.50
91.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

149
148

38.0
38.0

59.00
59.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

121
110

40.0
40.0

78.00
77.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------

1C8
88
40

39.5
39.5
38.5

90.00
90.00
97.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG —

C O M P TO ME TE R OP ER AT OR S --------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------

119
99

39.5
39.5

76.00
76.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS
NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -

86

575

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 4NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---

CLASS A ----

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

60
42

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclu sive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or prem ium rates),
corresp ond to these w eekly hours.
2 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
3 M ay include w orkers other than those presented separately.
4 D escrip tion for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A .




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
NO NM AN UFACTURING --------

B O OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS B ------------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------

70.00
79.00
68.00

Number
of

40 . C 129.00
4C.C 135.00

and the earnings

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla. , January 1967)
Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division
workers

M ean 13 Median 2
2

M iddle range 2

o

$
*
o

$
$
1.30

Number

$
$
S
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
i
%
$
$
$
i
$
1.60 1. 70 1 .80 1.90 2.00 2..10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 ;
2.90 3 .00 3.20 3.40 3 .60 3. 80 4.00

and
under
1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1. 80 1 .90 2.00 2.10 2..20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ---

28

$
2.88

$
2.96

$
$
2.38- 3.58

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ~
MANUFACTURING ------------

67
55

3.31
3.39

3.63
3.69

2.89- 3.76
3.09- 3.77

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

65
31
34

2.97
3.34
2.64

2.89
3.27
2.68

2.59- 3.28
3.13- 3.85
2.38- 2.91

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING --------

97
51
46

2.35
2.46
2.22

2.19
2.42
2.10

1.93- 3.11
2.11- 3.13
1.65- 2.75

7
7

4

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --MANUFACTURING ------------

53
44

3.20
3.24

3.34
3.37

2.95- 3.63
2.83- 3.64

-

-

_

-

1

4

2

2

-

-

5
5

_

_

-

-

3
3

2
1

2
-

2

-

7

2

7

2

5
4
1

6

5

-

1
1

5
5
“

1
1

10
2
8

_

_

-

-

4

-

-

2
2

_

-

4

“

~

4

*

-

1

*
4

-

_

_

-

1

5
5
-

3
3

_

2
2
"
-

_

5
5

_

_

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2.85
2.53
2.93
2.97

2.82
2.36
2.89
3.06

2.402.192.622.62-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM ANUFACTURING --------

203
169
34

2.85
2.86
2.84

2.91
2.87
3.14

2.37- 3.25
2.39- 3.20
1.85- 3.38

-

OILERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

36
34

2.40
2.39

2.64
2.55

1.76- 2.99
1.74- 3.03

5
5

_

PAINTERS, MA INTENANCE ------

26

3.01

3.37

2.68- 3.65

-

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

8

-

-

_

-

-

-

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends, holidays, and late sh ifts.
2 For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.

-

-

2
2
1

-

8

-

_

4
4

-

-

2

-

_

2

14
4

10
7
6
2

10
10

15
13
2

-

_

“

~

~

30 2
61
241
174




1

-

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------MANUFACTURING -----------NO NM ANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3------

3.44
2.91
3.45
3.46

-

2
_

J
■ .00 3 .20 3.40 3.60 3 .80 4. 00 over

”

_

28
7
21
21

13
5
8
3

14
11

7
7

3
-

-

13
8
5
3

-

10

10

-

10

10

24
24

13
13

4
4
4

1
-

6

5

-

-

5
3
2

1

5
5

2

49
40

11
11

3
3

6
6

2
-

5C
1

4
_

_

“
-

2
-

2

4
1

_

1

2

5
5

_

9
4
5

8
7
1

(

3

9
1

21
18
3
8
~

-

_
-

28
28

4
4

4
4

9
9
_

-

4

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

15
15

_

“

17
17

-

4
4

_

_
-

2
2

_

-

-

4
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

2

_

4
4

-

-

_

~

-

_

_

27
22

7
4
3
2

79
79
73

16
7
9
3

-

11
10
1

38
30
8

15
1C
5

1
1
“

33
30
3

-

1

-

7
1
6
-

_

3
3

4
4

8
8

_

-

1

-

20
2
18
10
9

5

27

4

-

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

11

4

4

-

5

-

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla. , January 1967)
Number of w orkers receiving stra igh t-tim e hourly earnings of —

Hourly earnings2

S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1.00 1.10 1.20 1 .30 1.40 1.50 1 .60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2 .20 2 .30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40

Number

O ccupation1 and industry divisic

workers

M ean3

M edian3

Middle range^5

$
and
1.00 under

and

1.10 1.20 1.30 1 .40 1.50 1.60 1 .70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 .30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 ;
2.70 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 over
J A N I T O R S » PORTERS* AND CLEANERS —
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

842
165
677
52

$
1.48
1.82
1.40
2.28

$
1.37
1.78
1.29
2.47

$
1.251.571.241.89-

$
1.63
2.15
1.53
2.54

34
34
~

16
16

8
8

303
2
301

88
25
63
~

58
6
52
1

113
13
100
4

40
16
24
1

45
25
20

38
26
12
8

6
6

-

14
5
9
2

-

24
22
2
“

"

28
13
15
15

21
1
20
20

5
5

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

~

-

-

“

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEA NE RS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

282
278

1.28
1.28

1.26
1.26

1.23- 1.30
1.23- 1.29

2
2

12
12

_

-

208
208

15
14

16
13

13
13

15
15

LABORERS, MATE RI AL H A N D LI NG ------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

925
435
490
217

1.88
1.66
2.07
2.43

1.71
1.58
2.08
2.72

1.511.511.482.07-

2.32
1.79
2.71
2.76

_
-

_
-

_
-

10
4
6

68
52
16
3

60
47
13
6

27
15
12
-

37
-

1C

-

6

131

37
-

10
-

35
31
4
-

-

35
5

15
11
4
-

39

-

39
30

6
1

131
130

7

-

39
24
15
-

35

-

129
53
76
42

195
171
24

~

82
27
55
-

-

-

ORDE R
FILLERS ----------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

572
560

1.92
1.93

2.01
2.02

1.68- 2.13
1.69- 2.13

_

_

-

-

74
68

32
32

58
58

18
18

135
135

90
90

45
45

26
26

8
6

_

_

_

_

_

-

48
46

_

-

36
36

_

*

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

95
34
61

1.75
1.60
1.83

1.64
1.56
1.67

1.56- 1.77
1.53- 1.60
1.62- 1.95

_

_
-

_
-

7
1
6

6
6
-

_

_

_

_

_

6

-

32
32

9

-

27
27
-

_
-

-

6
6

_

-

2

-

9

-

"

-

“

-

6

-

-

RE CE IV IN G CL ER KS -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

105
86

2.24
2.24

2.33
2.34

1.96- 2.54
2.03- 2.53

_

_

_

-

_

-

3
2

10
8

4
4

1
1

27
27

2
2

13
13

5
5

3
2

4
4

6
1

_

-

8
8

8

-

6
6

3

-

2
2

SH IP PI NG CLERKS ---------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

35
25

2.54
2.47

2.53
2.51

2.42- 2.59
2.39- 2.58

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

5
5

5
5

15
10

-

4
2

_

-

2
2

_

*

1
-

_

-

1
1

42

2.54

2.30

2.23- 2.85

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

16

8

1,401
232
1,169
512

2.29
1.88
2.38
2.76

2.14
1.78
2.26
3.31

1.701.661.712.00-

_
-

_
-

_
-

78

~

-

-

25
5
20
“

20
18
2
*

182
28
154
21

44
12
32
~

152
64
88
66

61
5
56
32

45
14
31
9

55
17
38
9

107
36
71
18

38
11
27

75
5
70
24

_

-

_

2
2

7

20
10
10

_

”

-

95
24
71
12

33
12
21

11
7
4

19

“

“

9
1
8
8

19
9

12
5
7
6

18

4

87
21
66
66

16
4
12
12

12
8
4

6
2
4

34
8

36
36

14
8

35
27

38
6

6

4
2
2

8

2

-

-

8

2

31
,9
22

20
17
3

SHIPPING AND R E CE IV IN G CLERKS ---T R U C K D R I V E R S 5 ---- ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

3.15
2.13
3.20
3.36

TR UC KD RI VE RS , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

258
35
223

1.67
1.93
1.63

1.57
2.05
1.55

1.36- 2.13
1.72- 2.28
1.36- 2.12

TRUCKDRIVERS, ME DI UM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TCNS) ---------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

470
76
394
247

2.28
1.71
2.51
2.88

2.34
1.59
2.88
3.31

1.591.511.672.38-

3.31
1.75
3.33
3.36

TRUCKDRIVERS, H E AV Y (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4--------------

457
41
416
226

2.65
1.94
2.73
2.77

3.12
1.80
3.14
3.32

1.831.752.011.79-

3.32
1.98
3.33
3.36

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TO NS
OTHER TH A N TR AI LE R TYPE) ------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

216
136

2.09
2.15

2.04
2.03

1.83- 2.19
1.85- 2.58

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

292
148
144

2.00
2.02
1.98

2.04
2.06
2.03

1.49- 2.43
1.48- 2.54
1.62- 2.29

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

”

~

_

_

~

”

_

~

_

-

78
~

23
5
18

66
66

2

2

12

18
18

-

-

-

2

12

“

“

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
-

~

-

_

_

-

59
2
57

7
-

_

.

-

-

18

4

•

“

“

~

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

“

~

”

“

-

10
8

-

1 Data lim ited to m en w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 E xcludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 For definition of te r m s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.
5 Includes all d r iv e r s, as defined, regard less of size and type of truck operated.




2

72
40
32

_
-

“

-

_
42
21
21

_

_

-

1

-

1
1

_

-

-

_
-

55
4
51

-

~

_

_
-

_

_

-

2
-

-

2

-

3

1

6

7
6
1
1

16
7
9
1

1

62
2
60
37

133
133

286

_
-

_

-

1
“

_

_

-

-

-

286
285

14
5
9

5
5

-

2
2

-

“

3

~

“

~

“

5
4
1
1

6
3
3
1

_

40

22

137

40
37

22

137
137

3

26

14
12

1
“

26
18

8
2
6
6

17

38

_

_

-

-

-

38

-

-

17

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

7

-

14
2
12
9

-

14

_

-

6
6

3
3

_

21

8

-

-

17
17

21

8

22
10
12

4
4
-

-

.
-

-

3
2
1

6
6

1
1

19
19

13
4
9

12
12

10
10

“

“
_

~

-

_
-

“

-

103

149

103

149
148

-

-

-

-

“

.

8
8

-

-

_

4

_

"

-

4

-

12
B.

Establishm ent P ra ctices and Supplem entary W age P rovision s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istrib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance sa la r y for se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in ex p erien c ed w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , J a c k so n v ille , F l a ., January 1967)
In exp erien ced typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im u m w eekly st r a ig h t -t im e s a l a r y 1

O ther irle x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

N on m anufacturing

M an ufactu ring

B a sed on standard w eekly hours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch edu les

40

A ll
in du stries

A ll
sch ed u les

37Vz

40

N on m an ufactu r ing

B a se d on stan d ard w ee k ly h ours 3 o f A ll
sch ed u les

40

A ll
s chedule s

37 y2

40

E sta b lish m e n ts s t u d ie d __________________________________________

133

40

XXX

93

XXX

XXX

133

40

XXX

93

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m -------------------------

33

7

7

26

8

13

49

9

9

40

8

25

1
6
3
6
2
7
3

_
1
1

_
1
1

1
11
6
8
2
9
5

_
1
1

-

_
4
2
1
2
2

_

-

_
2
2
1
1
1

-

-

_
1
2
2
1

4
1

4
1

1
11
5
7
2
5
4

3

3

-

-

1
6
2
5
2
4
3

1

5
2
5
1
5
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2

1

1

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

-

3
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ----------------------------

23

11

XXX

12

XXX

XXX

31

15

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o r y ___________________________________________________

77

22

XXX

55

XXX

XXX

53

16

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

Under $ 50.
$ 5 0 .0 0 and
$ 5 2 .5 0 and
$ 5 5 .0 0 and
$ 5 7 .5 0 and
$ 6 0 .0 0 and
$ 6 2 . 50 and
$ 65 . 00 and
$ 6 7 .5 0 and
$ 7 0 .0 0 and
$ 7 2 . 50 and
$ 7 5 . 0 0 and
$ 7 7 . 50 and
$ 80. 00 and

00 ......................................................... ................ ...................
under $ 5 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 5 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 5 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 6 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 6 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 6 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 6 7 . 5 0 __________________ __________ _______
under $ 7 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 7 2 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 7 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
under $ 77 . 5 0 _____________________________________
under $ 8 0 . 0 0 _____________________________________
o v e r ________________________________________________

-

-

-

1
1

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e sta b lish e d m in im u m sta rtin g (hiring) re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s that are paid for standard w o r k w e e k s.
E x c lu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r or o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a re p resen ted for a ll standard w ork w eek s c om b in e d , and for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w ork w eek s rep orted .




-

-

"

13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m a n u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount of d iffe r e n tia l,
J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , January 1967)
P e r c e n t of m an ufacturin g plant w o r k e r s—
In e sta b lish m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v isio n s 1 fo r —

Shift d ifferen tial

Second shift
w ork

T h ird or other
sh ift w ork

A ctu a lly w orking on—

Second shift

T h ird or other
shift

T o t a l _________________________________________________

78. 3

64. 7

17. 1

6. 8

W ith shift pay d iffe r e n tia l________________________

60. 5

54. 1

12. 8

6. 1

U n ifo rm cen ts (per h o u r ) _____________________

60. 5

54 . 1

12. 8

6. 1

11.
11.
22.
6.

5 c e n t s ________________________________________
6 c e n t s ________________________________________
7 c e n t s ________________________________________
8 c e n t s ________________________________________
9 c e n t s ________________________________________
10 c e n ts _______________________________________
102 3 c e n t s ____________________________________
/
12 c e n ts ______________________ _______________
15 c e n ts_______________________________________
20 c e n ts_______________________________________
2 1 V3 c e n t s ____________________________________

3. 2

3
8
7
1

-

22.
1.
11.
2.

-

4. 1
4. 5

4
8
8
5

-

-

4.
1.
1.
4.

17. 8

10. 6

-

W ith no sh ift pay d iffe r e n tia l____________________

1
Includes esta b lish m en ts c u r r e n tly o p eratin g late
even though they w ere not c u rren tly op eratin g late sh ifts.

6
6
7
5

1.
2.
5.
1.

4
8
6
3

-

. 3
1. 4

. 3
-

2. 1
-

2. 3
. 3
-

-

.9

-

-

-

-

. 3
. 1

4. 3

. 6

s h ifts , and e sta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v isio n s

c o v er in g late

sh ifts

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of plant and offic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by schedu led w ee k ly h ours 1
o f fir s t -s h if t w o rk er s , J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , January 1967)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

W e e k ly h ours
A ll in d u strie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________________
U nder 3 7 V2 h o u r s ____________________________________
3 7 l h o u r s _____________________________________________
/z
O ve r 3 7 !/2 and under 40 h o u r s ____________________
40 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s _______________________
44 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 and u nder 48 h o u r s ______________________
48 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 4 8 h o u r s ________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

5
3

2
4

1
-

-

-

-

68
2
6
6
5
4

84
1
3
1
2
4

88
5
6

A ll in d u str ie s 4

M anufacturing

Public u tilities 3

100

100

100

9
28
6
52
3
1

8
1

(5 )
(5 )

(5)
_

“

S ch ed uled h ours are the w e e k ly hours w hich a m a jo r ity of the fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s w e r e ex p ected to w o rk , w heth er they w e r e paid for at s tr a ig h t -t im e or o v e rtim e
In clud es data for w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e sta te, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
In clud es data for w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il trade; fin a n ce, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n se p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




36
_
64
_

-

88
3
-

-

ra te s.

14

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Jacksonville, Fla. , January 1967)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Item
A ll in d u strie s 3

M an ufactu ring

A ll in d u str ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
paid h o lid a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
no paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________

M anuf ac turi ng

100

100

100

100

100

100

88

94

100

99

100

100

12

6

“

"

9
2

21
3
30
19
13
6
2
”

P ublic u tilitie s 2

(4 )

P ublic u tilitie s 2

N u m ber o f days

1 h olid ay______________________________________________
3 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
4 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
5 h olid ays p lus 1 h a lf day_________________________
6 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
6 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
6 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s _______________________
7 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
7 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf day_________________________
8 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
8 h olid ays plus 1 h a lf d ay_________________________
9 h o lid a y s ____________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s___________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s___________________________________________

(4 )
36
17
12
10
1
1

_
1
13
16
24
45
-

_
(J)

(4 )
34
2
11
1
(4 )
21
(4 )
11
2
(4 )
13
5

_
2
32
7
35
5
15
5
-

_
(4 )
7
12
34
(4 )
46
-

'

T o ta l holiday tim e 5

11 d a y s________________________________________________
10 days or m o r e _____________________________________
9 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
8 days or m o r e ______________________________________
7 V2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
7 days or m o r e _____________________________________
6V2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
6 days or m o r e ______________________________________
5V2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
5 days or m o r e ______________________________________
4 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
3 days or m o r e ______________________________________
1 day or m o r e _______________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no half

1
1
2
2
12
12
24
24
42
42
78
78
80
88

_
2
2
8
8
21
21
40
40
69
69
73
94

45
45
69
69
86
86
99
100
100
100

5
17
18
19
30
30
51
52
63
65
99
99
99.
99

-

5
5
20
20
25
25
60
67
98
98
100
100

46
47
81
81
93
93
99
100
100
100

Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and
days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
Proportions were then cumulated.




15

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Jacksonville, F l a ., January 1967)
O ffice w ork ers

Plant w o rk ers
V a c a tio n p o lic y

M anufacturing

Public u tilities 3

100

100

100

100
100

100
100

100
100

100
100

-

-

“
-

-

_
32

16
36
8

37
5

_
37
1
61
1

31
63
5

90
10

5
8
87
1

10

3
44
52

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

95
88
5
2
-

94
80
13
-

A ll in d u str ie s 4

M eth od o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s_______________________________________
L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p a y m e n t _______________________
P e r c e n ta g e p a y m e n t ____________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t _______________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________

5

A m ou n t o f v ac atio n pay 5
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v ic e
U n der 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________

3
15
2

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

1
74
4
16

_

_

75
9
7

-

"

91
9
-

1
41
6
47

62
9
21

46
17
37

-

-

-

1
16
3
74

19
9
66

5
95

-

-

-

(6 )
97
1

1
8
79
4
3

5
79
9
1

1
99
-

(6 )
83
13

-

*

1
8
48

5
48
32
9
“

1
29
70
-

(6 )
35
1
63
-

"

1

-

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w eek _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

84
5

A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------.----------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

2

6
89
5

(6
J
(6 )
99
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

92
8

(6 )
99
-

46
54
-

(6 )
13
87
-

-

A fte r 10 y e a r s of. s e r v ic e
Under 1 w ee k _________________________________________
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u nder 3 w e e k s -------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 3 and u nder 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________
See footn otes at end of ta b le.




-

34
3
1

-

'

16

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay
provisions, Jacksonville, F l a ., January 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

Plant w ork ers
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u str ie s 1
2

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u strie s 4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

A m ou n t o f vacation pay 5— Continued
A fte r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

1
8
45
37
3
1

_
5
44
36
9
-

_
1
29
70
-

1
8
35
43
4
4

_
5
36
36
12
4

_
1
11
79

1
8
35
24
3
23
1

5
36
27
9
16

1
11
11
77

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

(6 )
34
1
64
1

40
60
-

-

_

_
30
66

(6 )
6
94

(6 )
13
_
87
-

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek _______________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________

-

9

(6)
23
1
59
16
1

_

-

_

4

(6 )

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

_

_

_
(6 )
23
35
41
1

_
-

_
(6 )
6
6

30
50
20

88

-

-

-

A fte r 25 y e a r s o f se r v ic e
Under 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________ ________ __________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

1
8
35
19
3
27
2

5
36
24
9
17
2

1
8
35
19
3
27
2

5
36
24
9
17
2

1
11
6
-

82
-

_
(6)
20
28
-

39
13

_

_

30
47
23

88

-

-

(6 )
6
6
-

M a x im u m vacatio n availa b le 7
Under 1 w e e k _______________________________________
1 w eek ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________________
O ver 4 w e e k s ________________________________________

_

.
1
11
6
-

82
1

_
(6 )
20
28
39
13

_
30
47
23
~

_
(6 )
6
6
-

88
(6 )

1 Includes b a sic plans on ly.
E xc lu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those plans w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic p lans to w o r k e r s w ith q u alifyin g lengths
of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x clu sio n s are plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u str ie s.
2 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , com m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilit ie s .
4 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 In cludes p aym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p ercen tage of annual earn ing s or fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, converted to an equivalent tim e b a s i s ; for e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
of annual ea rn in g s w as c o n sid ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily c h o se n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p rop ortion s indicated at 10 y e a r s 1 s e r v ic e include changes in p r o v isio n s o c c u r r in g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s are c u m u lative.
T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
or m o r e after 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay or m o r e after few er y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
7 F ig u r e s shown a lso indicate the p r o v isio n s a fter 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




17

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and office w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em p loyed in esta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g
health, in su r a n c e , or pen sion b e n e fits, 1 J a c k so n v ille , F la . , January 1967)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

Type o f b en efit

A ll w o r k e r s ___________________________________________

P ublic u tilitie s 3

A ll in d u str ie s 4

M anufacturing

A ll in d u strie s 2

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

85

82

91

97

95

96

Public u tilities 3

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r ovid in g:
L ife in s u r a n c e ________________________________ _
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in su r a n c e ________________________________________
S ick n ess and a c cid e n t in su ra n ce or
sic k le ave or both 5
____________________________

57

71

50

68

78

48

48

43

50

68

68

44

S ick n ess and a c cid e n t in su r a n c e _________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )_____________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
w aitin g p e r io d )_____________________________

33

34

26

21

37

7

13

6

12

41

34

9

9

7

23

18

5

34

H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ______________________________
C a ta stro p h e in s u r a n c e _________________________
R e tir e m e n t p e n s i o n ____________________________
No h ealth , in s u r a n c e , or p en sio n p l a n ____

90
90
70
59
50
4

91
88
86
66
54
4

97
97
89
84
51
1

94
94
78
86
73

93
92
89
80
71

98
98
95
95
51

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

1 In clud es th ose plans for w hich at le a st a p art of the co st is borne by the e m p lo y e r , except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , su ch as w o r k m e n 's c o m p en sa tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and ra ilro a d
r e t ir e m e n t .
2 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te, and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
4 In cludes data for w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
5 U nd up licated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick leave or sic k n ess and accid en t in su ran ce shown s e p a r a te ly b elo w .
Sick leave plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly esta b lish at le a st
the m in im u m n u m b e r of d ays' pay that can be expected by each e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l sic k le ave allo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a s is are ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.




18

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

(P e r c e n t of plant and office w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p lo y ed in esta b lish m en ts providing h ealth in su ra n ce b en efits
coverin g e m p lo y e e s and their depen dents, J a c k so n v ille , F la ., January 1967)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

Plant w o rk ers
Type of b en efit,

c o v e r a g e , and financing 1
A ll in d u str ie s 2

M anufacturing

P ublic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u strie s 4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

H osp ita liza tio n in su r a n c e - --------------------------- C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly --------- ----------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n ced ------------------------------------------C overin g e m p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts -----------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ________________________
J ointly fin a n c ed ------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fina nced fo r d ep en den ts-----------

90
23
15
8

91
18
18

94
14
10
3

93
12
10
2

98
3
3

-

97
15
10
5

67
13
50

72
4
58

82
48
32

80
11
68

81
5
64

95
55
39

4

11

2

1

12

(5)

S u r g ic a l in su r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r financed ---------------------------------Jointly fin a n ced _________________________ C overin g em p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts -------------------------------------------- ------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ------------------------------------Jointly fin a n ced ------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly financed for d ep en den ts_______

90
22
14
8

88
16
16

94
13
10
3

92
11
8
2

98
3
3

-

97
15
10
5

67
13
50

72
4
58

82
48
32

80
11
68

81
5
64

95
55
39

4

11

2

1

12

(5 )

M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C overin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ---------------------------- ----Jointly fin a n ced ____________________________
C overin g e m p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts----------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ------------------------------------J ointly fin a n ced ____________________________
E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly financed fo r d ep en den ts-----------

70
15
11
4

86
16
16
-

89
12
7
5

78
11
9
2

89
11
8
2

95
2
1

54
12
38

70
2
57

77
48
28

66
11
54

79
3
64

93
55
37

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p r ovid in g:

C ata strop h e in su r a n c e ------------ --------------- ------C overin g em p lo y e e s o n ly ____________________
E m p lo y e r financed
------------------------- —
Jointly financed ------------------------ ------------C overin g em p lo y e e s and their
d e p e n d e n ts-----------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ------------------------------------J ointly fin a n ced ------ ------- ----------------------E m p lo y e r financed for e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly financed fo r d ep en den ts-----------

( 5)

( 5)

(5)

4

11

2

1

12

( 5)

59
6
5
1

66
6
6

84
7
7

86
11
9
2

80
8
7
1

95
2
1

53
13
37

60
1
50

77
67
9

75
17
54

72
62

93
89
4

4

9

2

4

10

(5)

-

-

-

(5)

1 Includes plans for w hich at le a s t a p art of the c o st is b orne b y the e m p lo y e r . See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An e sta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e r e d as p ro v id in g b en efits to e m p lo y e e s for their
dependents if such c o v era g e w as av a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r ity of those em p lo y e e s one w ould u su a lly ex p ect to have d ep en dents, e .g ., m a r r ie d m e n , ev en though they w ere le s s than a m a jo r ity
of all plant or office w o r k e r s .
The em p lo y e r b e a r s the en tire co st of "e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s.
The e m p lo y e r and em p loyee sh are the c o st of "j o in t ly fin a n c e d " p lan s.
Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d ivisions shown sep a ra tely .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c om m u n ication , and other p ub lic u tilitie s .
4 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




19
Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

(Percent distribution of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions by overtime premium pay
provisions, Jacksonville, F la ., January 1967)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A ll in d u str ie s 1

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u tilitie s 2

A ll in d u str ie s 3

M anufacturing

Public u tilities 2

A ll w o r k e r s ______________________________________
D a ily o v e r tim e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r d a ily o v e r tim e pay 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s _____________________________
T im e and o n e -h a lf --------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
l l/z h o u r s--------------------------------------------73 4 h o u r s --------------------------------------------/
9 h o u r s ________________________________
O ther p r e m iu m r a t e s ---------------------------------

49

71

83

34

97

48

71

83

34

97

2

4

44
3

65

1

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having no
p r o v is io n s for d aily o v e r tim e pay
at p r e m iu m r a te s 6 __________________________

13
( 5)
27

2

29

W e e k ly o v e rtim e at p r e m iu m ra tes
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s fo r w ee k ly o v e r tim e pay 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s --------------------------------------------T im e and o n e -h a l f ---------------------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
3 7 V2 h o u r s ____________________________________
3 83 4 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------/
40 h o u r s _______________________________________
44 h o u r s _______________________________________
F lu ctu atin g w ork w eek p r in c ip le 7-----------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lis h m e n ts having no
p r o v is io n s fo r w e e k ly o v e r tim e pay
at p r e m iu m r a te s 6 ___________________________________

87

98

98

99

100

100

87

98

98

93

100

100

2

4

83

94

98

13
3
77

2

1
99

100

(5 )

5

13

1 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il trade, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; finance, in su ran ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
4 In clud es w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts c overe d by le g isla tiv e req u irem e n ts r egard in g p r e m iu m pay for o v e r tim e , even though such w o r k e r s a c tu a lly do not w ork o v e r tim e .
G raduatec p ro v isio n s
fo r p r e m iu m pay are c la s s if ie d under the f ir s t effe ctiv e p rem iu m r a te .
F o r e x a m p le , a plan callin g for tim e and o n e -h a lf a fter 8 and double tim e after 10 h ours w ould be con sid ere d as tim e
and o n e -h a lf after 8 h o u r s. S im ila r ly , a plan callin g for no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate a fter 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ours w ould be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ours.
5 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t.
6 In clud es w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts exem p t fr o m le g isla tiv e r e q u ir e m e n ts reg a rd in g p r e m iu m pay for o v e rtim e and w h e re, as a m a tte r of p o lic y , o v e rtim e is not w ork ed .
7 U nder the p r in c ip le of the flu ctuatin g w orkw eek, pay for ov e rtim e w ork is d eterm in ed by dividing the w eek ly sa la r y b y the total n um ber of h ours w ork ed during the w eek (to obtain the
b a se h ou rly rate fo r the w eek) and then applying the esta b lish ed ov e rtim e pay ra tio for o v e rtim e hours w ork ed .
T h us, the h ou rly rate of pay for o v e rtim e d e c r e a s e s as the num ber of hours
w ork ed in c r e a s e s .




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau's last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope o f the supervisor's position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the com posite title o f
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels o f responsibility. The size o f the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




20

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose o f preparing jo b descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping o f occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billin g operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure o f the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase o f the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shiooinc charges j and entrv of necessarv extensions
* i
«
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
21

22

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this material. May keep records o f various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group o f lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt o f orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a C om p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file o f used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealeis or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerica l work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing; (a) R eceives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f o ffice
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.



SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes,in all, over 100 but fewer than5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, O X persons; or
C)
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman o f the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5, O X persons; or
C)

24

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a m iddle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in a ll, over, 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
follow ing: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responfiles, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the sp ecific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, over 5 ,000
persons; or

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or i f the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^&ension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

25

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties o f operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-*MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety o f tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production o f a group o f
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing o f stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recomm end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details o f form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum o f supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application o f most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close d elineation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions o f work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing; Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrica l equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
e le ctr icia n s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean , oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most o f the following; Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow in g: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position o f pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-form ing work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those o f
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard.
Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers1 houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1
tons)
medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t----The seventh annual re p o rt on s a la r ie s fo r a ccou n ta n ts, a u d ito rs,
a tto rn e y s, ch e m is ts, e n g in e e r s , en g in eerin g te ch n icia n s, d ra ftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , jo b an a ly sts, d ir e c t o r s o f p e rs o n n e l, m a n a g ers o f o ffic e
s e r v ic e s , b u y e rs , fre ig h t rate c le r k s , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as BL»S B ulletin 1535, N ational Su rvey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in istra tiv e , T e ch n ica l, and C le r ic a l P a y , F e b ru a ry — a rch 1966.
M
50 cents a co p y .

A

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 7 - 2 5 3 - 6 0 6 /5 6




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u rch a se d f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 20204,
o r f r o m any o f th e B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f f ic e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A rea

A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1_________________________________
A lb a n y — ch e n e cta d y ^ -T ro y , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1 _________
S
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— .J .,
N
F e b . 1966 1________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1966 1 _________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v . 1966 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1____
O
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idah o, J u ly 1966 1_________________ __________
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1 966________________________________

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,

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25 c e n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
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1 5 3 0 -2 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 6 ,

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B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r. 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
C a n ton , O h io , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W . V a . , A p r . 1966 1 ________________________
C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., A p r . 1966 1
_____________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .— a ., S ep t. 1966 1_________________ —
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .— n d ., M a r. 1966 1 ________________
K
I
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1966 1____________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1_________________________________

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

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30

ce n ts
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R a le ig h , N .C ., S ep t. 1966_________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., N ov. 1966________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1966 1 ________________________________

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iow a—
R
111.,
O ct. 1966 1_________________________________________________
D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1966 1 ________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1966__________________________ ______
D e s M o in e s , Iow a , F e b . 1966 1 _______________________ __
D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N ov . 1966 1___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g. 1966 1____________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1966 1—___________________________
H o u sto n , T e x ., June 1966 1 ______________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., D e c . 1966_____________________________

1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

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c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 ,

25
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25
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25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 4 ,

30
20
25
25
30
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
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c e n ts
ce n ts

J a ck s o n , M is s ., F e b . 1966 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1----------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s ., N ov. 1966-------------------------------K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1966 1 _______
H
N
L ittle R o c k — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., A ug. 1966 1_____
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1966 1
__________________ __
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d ., F e b . 1 9 6 6 _________________________
I
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., A u g . 1966 1___________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k ., Jan. 1966 1 --------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 19 6 6 ______________________ - ______ —----M id lan d and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1966 1 ________________


1 Data on
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ establishment
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1966_____________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1966________________
M u sk eg on —M u sk eg on H e ig h ts , M ic h ., M a y 1966 1 ____
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b . 1966 1 ___________
N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan. 1966 1 _________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1 9 6 6 ___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1____________________________
N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N e w p o r t N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a ., June 1966_______________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1966 1______________________

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e
1 4 6 5 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 7 ,
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25
30
25
20
40

1 4 6 5 -7 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

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25 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 3 ,

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ce n ts
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St. L o u is , M o .—
111., O ct. 1966 1_____________
S alt L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1__________
San A n to n io , T e x ., June 1 9 6 6 ______________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif.
R
O
Sep t. 1966------------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1966 1______________
San F r a n c is c o — a k la n d , C a lif. Jan.
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., S ept. 1966_
_
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1966 1____
S cra n to n , P a ., A u g. 1966______
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a s h ., O c t . 1966_

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 8 ,

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1 5 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 4 ,
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1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
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1 5 3 0 -2 2 ,

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S io u x F a lls , S. D a k ., O c t. 1966__________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1966 1____________________

1 5 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 9 ,

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P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .- N .J ., N ov . 1966 l .
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1966
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1966________________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1966______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y 1966 1_____________________
P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et— a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s .,
W

T r e n to n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1_____________________________
W a sh in gton , D .C .—M d.— a . , O ct. 1966 1_____________
V
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1966 1_______________________
W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1 9 6 6 1__________________________

Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io, N ov. 1966W

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