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Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
November 1966

.^Yarmouth
Cumberland
Falmouth

Bulletin No. 1530-17




We stbrook
# Portland
Gorham
U t S.Portland
* Cape Eliza beth
" v Scarborough

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A-thur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
November 1966

Bulletin No. 1530-17
December 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20cents






P reface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f ann ual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data b y s e l e c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s f o r each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in t o (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
rou nd of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in t o o n e b u l l e t i n .
The s e co n d part p r e se n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in dividual m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n _______________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _________________________
O ccupational e a rn in g s:*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —w o m e n ___________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A ppendix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

E ig h ty -six areas
c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y in e a c h a r e a .
I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is o b t a in e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , in N o v e m b e r 1966. T h e S t a n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6, c o n s i s t s o f the c i t i e s o f P o r t ­
la n d , S o u th P o r t l a n d ,
and W e s t b r o o k ; and the to w n s o f
C ape E liz a b e th , C u m b e r la n d , F alm outh, G orh am , S c a r ­
b o r o u g h , and Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r l a n d C o u n t y . T h is s tu d y
w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B o s t o n ,
M a s s ., W e n d e ll D. M a c d o n a ld , D i r e c t o r ; b y L e o E pstein ,
u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V. M u l k e r n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




1
3

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a re a v a ila b le f o r
areas.
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

other

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e P o r t l a n d a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
building tr a d e s .

iii

2

3

5
7
7
8
8
10




Area Wage Survey
The Portland, Maine, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W h ere w eek ly h ou rs are
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e s t a n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e th eir re g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s (e x c lu s iv e of pay fo r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u of L a b o r S ta tis tic s c o n d u c ts s u rv e y s of o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu dy.
P e r s o n a l visits w e r e m ade
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , da ta a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M an ufactu ring; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v i n g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
t h e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t pu blication c r it e r ia .

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m ates.
In dustries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s t a f fin g and, th u s, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in
in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
s a m e s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e tha n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O ccu pations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r a c ­
tually s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m th e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n ­
i n g s d a ta .

a nd E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g a nd n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
in g t y p e s : (1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t i e s w ith in
th e s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e ­
s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en ough da ta to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v i d u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t da t a .




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in this
bulletin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u l l e t i n s
f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , 1
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1966
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u str y d iv isio n

N u m b e r of e sta b lis h m e n ts
W ith in s c o p e
of stu d y 3

W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

126

74

2 3 ,9 0 0

100

1 9 ,7 6 0

~

40
86

28
46

1 2 ,4 0 0
1 1 ,5 0 0

52
48

1 1 ,3 2 0
8, 440

50
50
50
50
50

16
23
27
12
8

13
8
13
8
4

3, 200
1 ,6 0 0
3 ,9 0 0
1 ,9 0 0
900

13
7
16
8
4

2, 920
720
2, 650
1 ,5 7 0
580

A l l d i v i s i o n s ________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g --------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6_______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 -----------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7_____________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

1

50

1 T h e P o r t l a n d S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6 , c o n s i s t s o f th e c i t i e s o f
P o r t l a n d , S o u th P o r t l a n d , an d W e s t b r o o k ; an d th e to w n s o f C a p e E l i z a b e t h , C u m b e r la n d , F a l m o u t h , G o r h a m , S c a r b o r o u g h , an d Y a r m o u t h in C u m b e r la n d
C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e an d c o m p o s it i o n
o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s
f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y
in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , an d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l an d th e 1963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
A ll o u t l e t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , au to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d in g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r i n g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O n e - h a lf o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in P o r t l a n d w e r e e m p lo y e d in
m a n u f a c t u r in g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s an d s p e c i f i c
i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u stry g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

P a p e r an d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _____ 25
F o o d p r o d u c t s ____________________ 19
L e a t h e r an d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s — 15
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) — 10
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y ___________ 8
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 7

P a p e r m i l l s ------------------------------ 24
F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) --------- 15
B a k e r y p r o d u c t s ----------------------- 8
E le c t r ic a l co m p o n en ts
an d a c c e s s o r i e s --------------------- 8
C a n n in g an d p r e s e r v i n g ----------6
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a c h in e r y --------- 5

T h is in f o r m a t i o n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s of th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e Z a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
a nd in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla n t w o r k e r g r o u p s . T h e i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g th e b a s e p e r i o d (d a te o f th e a r e a s u r v e y c o n d u c t e d
b e t w e e n J u ly I 9 6 0 a n d J un e 1 9 6 1).
S u b t r a c t in g 100 f r o m the in d e x
y i e l d s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e in w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e o f th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
wage
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
These estim ates are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e n o t in t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .
M ethod o f C om puting

in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . T h e s e c o n s t a n t w e i g h t s r e f l e c t b a s e y e a r
em p loym en ts w h e r e v e r p o s s ib le .
The a v e ra g e (m ean) earnings fo r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y th e o c c u p a t i o n w e i g h t , and the
p r o d u c t s f o r a ll o c c u p a t i o n s in th e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s
for

Z con secutive y e a rs w e re

rela ted

by

d iv i d i n g

the

aggregate for

th e latter y e a r b y the a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s the p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e . T h e i n d e x
i s the p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r the n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r a nd c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e earn in gs
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d in c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w ith in an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g r o u p w a s a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d o n its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m p l o y m e n t
O ffice c le ric a l (m en and w om en):
B ook keepin g-m achin e operators,
class B
C lerks, accou n tin g, classes
A and B
C lerks, file , classes
A, B, and C
C lerk s, order
C lerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffice boys and girls

T able 2.

O ffice cle r ic a l (m en and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, gen eral
Stenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes
A and B
T abu latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

S k illed m aintenance (m en):
C arpe nters
E lectrician s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (autom otive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers
Unskilled plant (m en):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Industrial nurses (m en and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes o f standard w eekly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings for sele cted occu patio n al groups in Portland, M aine,
N ovem ber 1966 and N ovem ber 1965, and percents of increase for sele cted periods
Indexes
(N ovem ber 1960=100)

O ccu pation al group

O ffice c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )----------------------------------Industrial nurses (m en and w om en )------------------------------ —
S k ille d m ain ten ance ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------U n skilled p lan t (m e n )---------------------------------------------------




Percents o f increase

N ovem ber 1965 N ovem ber 1964 N ovem ber 1963 N ovem ber 1962 N ovem ber 1961 N ovem ber 1960
to
Novem ber 1966 N ovem ber 1965
to
to
to
to
to
N ovem ber 1966 N ovem ber 1965 N ovem ber 1964 N ovem ber 1963 N ovem ber 1962 N ovem ber 1961
117.2
117.8
123. 1
110.9

1 1 3 .4
1 1 3 .4
1 1 9 .6
1 0 8 .6

3 .4
3 .9
2 .9
2 .2

3 .4
1 .7
5 .2
2 .1

1 .9
2 .9
3. 2
4. 3

2 .9
4 .9
1. 1
1 .3

2. 3
1. 3
4. 1
.4

2 .2
1 .9
4 .6
.2

Novem ber 1959
to
N ovem ber 1960
3 .9
1 .9
5. 3
6 .2

4
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k , e x c l u s i v e
o f e a r n i n g s at o v e r t i m e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s ,
th e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
s tr a ig h t -t im e h ourly e a rn in g s,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v e r t im e
and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r
s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t
j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .
L im itations

o f Data

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s o f
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
wage changes,
(2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y
in d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .




C h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in th e
o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s . It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
that e v e n th o u gh a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m ay have d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r paying e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ilarly, w ages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h ig h e r paying e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n t e r e d the a r e a .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b
i n c l u d e d in th e da t a . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h ey a re not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pa y
fo r ov ertim e.
Data w e r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
( standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—
$

$

&

*

%

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

M ean '

Median 2

Middle range 2

*

t

$
70

40
an d
under

45

45

Sex, occupation,

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

-

50

55

60

65

75

$

$

%

80

85

90

$
95

$
100

s

$
105

no

$
11 5

s
120

$

$
12 5

13 0

$
13 5

140
an d

85

90

95

1
1
“

13
2
11

110

11 5

120

125

13 0

13 5

14 0

over

-

5
5
-

1
1
-

4
3
l

3
3

5
4
1

1
1
-

2
1
1

5
2
3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

2
1
1

-

10C

105

“

6
1
5

MEN
3 9.5
40 .0
39.5

$
$
1 0 9.00 108.00
115.50 116.50
103.50
96.50

$
$
8 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

C L E R K S » ACCOUNTING* CLA SS A ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

47
21
26

CLERKS,

ORDER -------------------------------

21

39.5

88.00

85.00

7 4 .5 0 -

8 9.50

-

-

-

-

-

6

O FFI C E BOYS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

25
21

3 9 .G
3 8 .5

63.50
6 4.50

59 .5 0
60.00

5 7 .0 0 5 7 .0 0 -

6 4.50
64 .5 0

-

-

1
1

13
10

6
6

1
1

1
-

B I L L E R S * MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

21
19

3 8.0
3 7 .5

61.00
6 C .50

62.50
61 .5 0

4 9 .5 0 4 9 .0 0 -

71.00
7 1.50

2
2

1

4
3

3
2

3
3

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLA SS A ----------------------------------------

15

3 9 .C

77.00

80.00

6 5 .0 0 -

84 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

61
53

3 9 .5
39 .5

6 4.00
63.50

62 .5 0
62.00

5 8 . 5C5 8 .0 0 -

73.00
7 3.50

_

-

-

-

5

6

l

~

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

1
1

1
1

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

~

1
1

-

~

“

~

2

2

5

_
-

3

_
-

-

_

_

-

-

WOMEN

“

6
6

l

4

_

1

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

3
3

19
19

17
12

1
l

11
8

9
9

-

-

1
1

_

-

4
4

3
2
l

1
l
-

9
9

24
2
22

15
6
9

78
3
75

11
5
6

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

26
3
23
5

21
7
14
-

21
3
18
2

23
11
12
1

13
6
7
7

48
16
32
4

13
13
-

7
7
-

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

-

“

-

-

-

l
1

1
l

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLA SS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

1 52
25
127

3 8.5
3 9.5
38 .0

88.50
9 1 .00
88.00

9 1.50
93.50
91 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 - 94 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 - 93.50

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

22 5
68
15 7
21

38.5
4 0 .C
38.0
39.0

73 .0 0
82 .0 0
6 9.00
77.50

7 3.50
86.00
67.00
81.50

6 1 .0 0 76 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 -

86.50
9 1.50
8 1.00
8 5.50

_

2

11

-

-

-

-

2
-

11
-

39
2
37
1

C L E R K S , F I L E , C LA SS C --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

39
36

3 7.0
37.0

5 6 .0 0
55.50

55.00
54.50

5 2 .5 0 52 .5 0 -

6 0.50
60 .0 0

_

_

-

-

20
20

9
8

7
5

1
1

2
2

-

-

ORDER -------------------------------

31

3 9 .5

7 1.00

6 4.50

6 2 .0 0 -

8 5.00

-

-

-

1

16

-

1

5

1

7

C L E R K S , PAYROLL --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

53
22
31

39 .0
40 .0
3 8 .0

79.00
76.50
81.00

80.00
7 5.50
84.00

7 1 .0 0 - 9 1.00
6 9 .0C- 8 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 - 9 3.50

-

_

-

-

1
1
-

3
2
1

5
2
3

3
1
2

7
5
2

8
5
3

7
1
6

5
2
3

6
6

6
1
5

_
-

_
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------

44

3 8.0

8 1.50

8 1 .0 0

7 1 .0 0 -

85 .0 0

-

-

-

1

8

1

6

4

14

-

-

-

-

1C

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING -------------------------

35
17

39.5
4 0 .C

85.50
7 9 .00

87.50
8C.C3

7 1 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 1.00

_

_

_

1

1
1

4
4

3
3

1
1

9

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

9
5

2

-

3
2

_

-

2
1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B —
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

68
58

3 8.0
37.5

6 1 .00
6 0 .50

6 1.00
6 0.00

57 .5 0 57 .0 0 -

_

“

3
3

2
2

25
24

22
17

11
8

2
2

2
1

1
1

SE C RE TA RI ES 4----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

17 3
42
131
25

38.5
3 9 .5
3 8.5
39.5

86.00
9 3.50
83.50
96.00

8 3 .0 0
9 4.50
8 1 .0 0
85.00

7 5 .0 0 - 97 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 94 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

13
4
9
1

14
5
9

22
10
12
3

1
1
-

-

1
1
1

4
3
1
1

-

6
1
5
4

1
1
1

1
1
l

16

38.0

97.50

9 7.50

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

CLERKS,

SECRETARIES,

CL AS S

A -------------

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




6 5.00
6 4.50

“

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

14
14

-

-

“

23
2
21
9

24
4
20
1

30
7
23
3

12
5
7
“

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

4

2

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings 1
3
2
( standard)

N u m be r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s of—

Average
weekly

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

40
an d
under

( standard)

45

WOMEN SECRETARIES4 -

45

50

_

60

70

75

80

85

90

55

$

95

$

100

$

105

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

S E C R E T A R I E S * CLA SS B
NONMANUFACTURING —

56
47

3 8.5
3 8 .5

91 .0 0
89 .5 0

9 1.50
9 0.00

1
1

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

CL ASS C

23

39.0

88.00

9 0.00

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

CLA SS D
m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------NONMANUFACTURING ----

75
17
58

38.5
39.0
38.5

79.00
8 7.50
7 6 .5 0

79.50
86 .5 0
7 6.00

7 2 .0 0 - 84 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
7C .5C - 8 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

102
47
55

3 9 .0
39.5
39.0

72.00
74 .0 0
70 .5 0

7 3.50
75 .0 0
72 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 6 0 .5 0 -

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
NONMANUFACTURING —

31
26

3 8.5
38 .5

8 3.50
83 .5 0

7 5.00
7 4.00

6 5 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

SWITCH80ARD OPERATORS, CLA SS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

50
44

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

6 0 . 5C
5 5.00

5 2 . 0C5 1 .5 0 -

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTION I S T S MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

44
18
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .C
39 .5

6 8.50
6 6 . 50
7 0 .0 0

68.50
6 8 . CO
69 .0 0

6 4 . GO- 7 4 . 0 0
6 6 .0 C - 7 1 .5 0
6C.C O - 8 5 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLA SS C -------------------------------------

15

3 9 .0

7 2.00

71.50

6 5 .0 0 -

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

26
19

38.5
3 8 .C

6 6 .5 0
65 .0 0

68.00
6 6.50

6 3 . 0 0 - 7 2 . 00
6C.C O - 7 1 .0 0

3 7.5
3 7.5
3 9 .5

5 9.50
5 9.00
6 1.50

59 .5 0
59 .0 0
62.C C

5 5 . 0 0 - 6 5 . 00
5 5 . DO- 6 4 . 5 0
5 8 . CO- 6 6 . 0 0

SECRETARIES*

65

_

50

55

SE C R E T A R I E S *

T Y P I S T S , C LAS S B --------NONMANUFACTURING - - •
PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S

169
15 0
24

3
3

4
4

13
11

4
3

2
2

5
4

4

1

2

3

2

3

1

5

7

9
2
7

19
4
15

6
3
3

2

2
2

2

12
4
8

4
3
1

4
3
l

6

7

14
6
8

11
8
3

20
1C
1C

20
11
9

5
4

3
2

2
1

-

80.00
8 1 . 0C
7 9.50

1
1

5
5

-

1

6
6

1
1

5
5

4
2
2

16
10
6

7
4
3

2

2

6

1

3
3

3
3

9
6

7
7

34
32
4

47
43
4

39
35
10

34
27
4

6
4

-

-

4
4

-

7
6

5
1

1

2
2
-

-

2

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

8
4

2
1
1

75.00

-

-

2
1
1

2
2

1
-

2
2

2

74.50
71 .5 0

18
18

12
12

4
1

7
4
3

17
2
15

6

1
1

7
5

2
1

4
3

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

l

4

2

l

4

2

1

1

1
1
1
1
1

1
1
l

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d
to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g the e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s an d d i v i d i n g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f o f th e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a t e s ho w n; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n the r a t e s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an th e l o w e r of t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e th a n the
higher rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .
4 M a y i n c l u d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th an t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weeklyhours 1
( standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of —
$

$

$

N U R S E S , IN DU ST R IA L
uakiiic A r 1 iD r A
ir*
r\AINUr A t n UK 1 NU

{R EG IS T ER E D )

16
16

-------

——
— —

4 0 .0
4C .0

70

$

M ean 2

Median 2

$
9 2 .5 0
9 2 . 5C

$
9 5.50
9 5.50

Middle range 2

$
7 7 . 5C7 7 .5 0 -

75

80
-

$

95

10 0

105

90

-

$

9C

95

100

105

1 10

115

1
1

85

4
4

*

80

75

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv isio n

3
3

-

-

-

85

$

*

$

$

110

115

$

$

120

125

130

an d
under

$
99.00
9 9 .00

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r
p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , a n d the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o ot n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .

straigh t-tim e

salaries

6
6

(exclu sive

120
-

125
-

of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e

130
-

at r e g u l a r

135
2
2
and/or

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

O F F IC E

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Average

O FF IC E OCCUPATIONS -

OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
(standard)

O FF IC E

CONTINUED

Number
of

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

3 8 .G
3 7.5

6 1 . CO
60.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS A ------------------------------------------------------------------------

15

39 .0

61
53

3 9 .5
3 9.5

64 .0 0
63.50

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, C LAS S A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

199
46
153

38.5
39.5
38.5

93.50
102 .5 0
9C .50

C L E R K S , ACCOUNTING, CL A SS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

266
72
194

39 .0
4C . C
38 .5

7 8 . CC
8 2.50
76.50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

40
36

37. 0
3 7.0

5 6 . CC
5 5.50

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

52
44

39.5
39 .5

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

59
24
35

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS

44

39.5
4 0 .0

$
8 5.50
7 9 . CO

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

31
26

38 .5
38 .5

$
8 3.50
8 3 .50

68
58

3 8 .C
37 .5

6 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, C LAS S B ------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

50
44

3 9 .0
39 .0

6 3 .50
6 1.50

32
28

38 .5
38 .5

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD O PE R A T O R - R EC EP T I O N IS T SMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

44
18
26

3 9 .5
3 9 .C
39 .5

68 .5 0
6 6.50
7 0.00

S E C R E T A R I E S 2-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

173
42
131
25

38 .5
39 .5
3 8 .5
39.5

86 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS C ----------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

17
16

39 .0
39 .0

7 6.00
77.00

TRANSCRIBING- MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

26
19

3 8 .5
38 .0

66 .5 0
65 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CL A SS B ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------- ■
----------------------------PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------------

17 1
1 50
24

3 7 .5
37 .5
39 .5

5 9 .50
5 9.00
6 1.50

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

92.50
9 2.50

77.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C LA SS B -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

35
17

O FF IC E BOYS AND G I R L S -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

21
19

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL ASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C LAS S B ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

C LAS S A ----------------------

16

38.0

9 7 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS B ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

56
47

3 8 .5
38.5

9 1 .0 0
8 9.50

SECRETARIES,

C LA SS C ----------------------

23

39.0

8 8 .0 0

78.00
77 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

75
17
58

38 .5
39.0
38 .5

7 9 .0 0
87 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

3 9 .C
4 0 .C
3 8 .5

8 2.50
7 8 . 5C
8 5.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

102
47
55

39.0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
74 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

3 8 .C

81.50

SECRETARIES,

-----------------------------------

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2 M a y includ e w o r k e r s o th e r than those p re se n te d se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s .




their re g u la r

straigh t-tim e

salaries

PRO FESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
N U R S E S , IN DUS TR IAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

(exclu siv e of pay for o v ertim e

at re g u la r

and/or prem ium

16
16

rates),

an d the e a r n i n g s

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
H ourly earnings 1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of --$

U n d e r 1 * 70
M edi;

1

M iddle range

2

*
1.70

an d
under

_

$

2 * 0C

l * 80 1 , 9 0
_

%

I

2 * 10 2 * 2 0

_

_

5

*

»

*

$

$

$

2 , 3 0 2 * 40 2 , 5 0

2 « 60 2 . 7 0 2 , 8 0

$

$

_

_

$

3 . 10

2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3.2 0 3 .3 0

$

_

$

3 .5 0 3 .6 0

_

_

$

3.4C

$

_

%

$

3 .7 0 3 .8 0

tNJ

©
00

_

_
3 .2 0

3' . 3 0

31 . 4 0

3' . 5 0

3 .6 0

_
3 .7 0

_

3 .8 0

_
3 .9 0

-

©

Me; i 2

s

o

s

o
o

O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Num ber
of
workers

i. 1C

$

$

38

$
2.6 0

$

MAINTENANCE ---------

2.66

2 .4 7 -

2 .7 4

-

-

-

2

-

3

2

4

4

8

14

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

E L E C T R I C I A N S . MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------

50
45

2.8 3
2.8 3

2 .6 9
2 .6 9

2 .6 3 2 .6 3 -

2.9 3
2 .8 3

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

5

21

9

2

1

3

_

_

_

2

6

_

_

”

~

■

-

-

-

-

5

21

8

2

1

-

-

-

2

6

-

EN G IN EE R S.

STATIONARY -------------

65

2 .7 3

2 .7 2

2 .5 7 -

3 .11

-

4

3

-

-

1

2

-

10

12

5

1

9

1

16

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

STATIONARY BOILER ----

35

2. 2 1

2 .3 7

1 .77-

2 .5 9

3

2

-

-

3

1

3

-

8

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

17
17

2 .7 3
2 .7 3

2 .7 5
2 .7 5

2 .5 5 2 .5 5 -

2 .9 3
2 .9 3

3
3

2
2

2

3
3

2
2

M AC HI NI S TS , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------

49
49

2 .9 8
2 .9 8

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

2 .7 0 2 .7 0 -

3 .5 2
3.5 2

2
2

11
11

20
20

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S 4

75
23
52
45

2 .6 6
2 .7 4
2.62
2.5 8

2 .6 6
2 .6 7
2 .6 5
2 .6 7

2 .4 3 2 .5 5 2 .3 3 2 .2 8 -

2.9 1
2 .8 8
2 .9 5
2 .9 3

5
2
3
3

10

4
1
3
3

102
90

2 .9 4
2 .9 5

2.81
2.8 1

2 .6 3 2 .6 3 -

3.46
3.48

54
54

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

2.7 9
2.7 9

2 .7 4 2 .7 4 -

3.1 5
3.1 5

.8 0

CA RPENTERS.

FI RE ME N ,

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFACTURING ----

1
2

3
4

37

1 .9 0

2

: .i o

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2r . s o

;2 . 6 0

,2 . 7 0

-

-

-

-

10

-

2

4

-

-

-

“

10
1)

-

2
2

4
-

3
3

3

1

2
2

11
5
6
6
-

14
14
2

2

;

7

3
3
11
11
3
3

2

18
14
24
24

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , an d l a t e s h i f t s .
d e f i n i t i o n of t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
W or k ers w e re d istrib u ted a s follow s:
3 at $ 1 .2 0 to $ 1.3 0; an d 4 at $ 1. 5 0 to $ 1.6 0.
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .

For

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v e m b e r 1966)

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




.9 0

3

2
2
13
1

2

2
10
4
6
6
6
6
5
5

_
-

7

6

-

1
6
6

-

-

6
6

-

-

3
3

7
1

1
1

14
14

-

-

3
3
-

3
3

15
15

3

-

l
1
-

-

19
19

-

6
6

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1966)
Hourly ea rn in gs 2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s . of—
$
$
i
$
*
%
S
$
$
$
$
1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 C 2 . 2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2,. 6 0 2 . 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 9 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1.50

$
1 .60

$
1 .70

$
1.80

1.30

O c c u p a t i o n 1 an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$
1.30

1.40

1.50

1.6 0

1.7 0

1.80

1.9 0

2 .00

$
1 .20
workers

M ean 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge 3

$
3 .0 0

3.1C

$
3 .20

$
3 .30

$
3 .40

3 .1C

3.2 0

3 .30

3.4 0

over

$

an d
under

and
2.1C

2.2 0

2.30

2.40

2 .50

2 .60

2.. 7 0

2 . 80 2 . 9 0

4
2
2
2

9

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

9
2

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

17
17

42
42

“

_
-

_

56
50

27
27

_

_

_

“

-

3.00

J A N I T O R S , POR TE RS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------

223
14 2
81
15

$
1 .9 6
2.10
1 .73
2.2 0

$
2.0 9
2.2 1
1 .5 9
2 .2 8

$
1 .621 .981 .361 .9 9 -

$
2 .2 8
2 .2 9
2 .0 5
2 .5 5

15
15

10
10
1

12
7
5

16
4
12

13
2
11
”

7
6
1
“

10
5
5
2

17
15
2
1

14
13
1
1

13
13
"

53
49
4
4

27
26
1
1

1
1
1

J A N I T O R S , PORTE RS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

53
43

1 .5 8
1 .55

1 .48
1.47

1 .4 0 1 .3 8 -

1.58
1 .56

2
2

11
11

17
13

13
11

1
1

_

_

-

3
1

_

-

2
-

_

-

-

4
4

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

570
168
402

1 .99
2.02
1 .98

1 .96
2 .0 9
1 .9 5

1 .55- 2 .2 9
1 .6 7 - 2 .2 9
1 .4 8 - 2.3 0

42
42

9
9

74
9
65

33
19
14

27
20
7

18
18

8
3
5

132
8
124

16
8
8

38
16
22

34
29
5

44
7
37

2
2

9
8
1

25
23
2

~

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

211
12 9

2 .47
2 .57

2.5 3
2.9 3

2 .2 3 - 2 .9 6
2 .3 2 - 2 .9 9

_

_

4
4

5
4

5
4

26
16

2

1
-

1
-

_

30
-

24
24

_

30

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

PAC KER S, S H I P P IN G -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

24
19

1.87
1 .94

1 .8 5
1 .95

1 .70- 2 .1 5
1 .7 3 - 2 .2 3

-

1
-

-

4
3

6
3

-

6
6

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

6
6

PAC KER S, S H I P P IN G (WOMEN) ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

73
46

2.0 1
1 .94

2.0 7
1.75

1 .6 6 1 .5 7 -

2 .1 9
2 .1 9

_

_

6
6

5
5

_

15

16
10

6
“

_

_

-

-

11
11

-

-

4
4

10
10

“

-

-

RE CEI VI NG CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

68
15
53

2 .38
2 .20
2 .4 3

2 .2 4
2 .2 8
2 .1 9

2 .021 .7 9 2 .02-

3.0 2
2 .4 5
3 .0 4

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
3
1

1
l
-

10
10

1
1

7
7

10
1
9

4
4

5
2
3

3
2
1

1
1

1
1
“

“

1
1

1
1
“

17
17

2
2

_
-

_
-

SH I PP IN G CLERKS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

46
32

2 .60
2 .6 6

2 .5 5
2 .9 6

2 .3 0 2 .2 7 -

3.1 8
3.21

_

_

_

_

5
5

10
4

_

3

-

“

*

7
6

9
8

-

“

4
4

-

-

3
l

_

-

1
1

-

-

3
3

-

-

SH I P P IN G AND RE CEI VI NG CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

32
24

2.2 3
2 .26

2.1 7
2.1 9

1 .95- 2 .4 9
2 .1 2 - 2.5 2

_

_

_

_

6
1

8
8

3
3

1
-

2
2

4
4

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

4
4

_

-

“

-

TRUCK DRIV ERS5 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

565
101
464
237

2 .4 5
2 .08
2 .53
2.78

2.4 4
1.89
2.9 5
3.0 8

1 .9 2 - 3 .1 3
1 .7 6 - 2 .4 5
1 .9 6 - 3.1 5
2 .0 9 - 3 .1 5

4
4
“

2
2
~

32
6
26
”

30
3
27
~

43
26
17
“

17
16
1
~

65
1
64
11

59
3
56
56

1
1
-

_
~

9
9
-

51
21
30
”

-

14
12
2
2

3
3
-

1
1
1

10 9
1 09
109

47
47
-

18
18

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) --------------------------------------

2.48

1 .73-

3.0 5

4

2

2

3

4

_

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

”

~

1
1
-

.
-

_

_

47

2 .3 9

TR UCK DRIVERS, MEDIUM ( l ~ l / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

89
26
63

*
1 .82
2.31
1.62

1.67
2 .4 3
1.63

1 .5 9 - 2 .0 8
2 .2 5 - 2 .4 9
1 .5 6 - 1.6 9

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TR AIL ER TY PE ) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- ----------------------P UBL IC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

297
43
254
14 5

2.61
1 .98
2.72
2.6 1

2 .6 7
1.83
3.12
3.1 1

2 .0 3 1 .7 4 2 .0 7 2 .0 5 -

3 .1 9
2 .6 1
3.2 0
3.16

9

24

27
3
24

6
6
-

.
-

-

-

_

_
-

“

-

-

_
-

_

-

-

-

_

127
11 2
68

2.53
2.64
3.07

3.01
3.0 3
3.C 9

1 .9 4 - 3.10
1 .9 6 - 3.11
3 .0 4 - 3.1 5

_

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) --------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

124
82

2.29
2.4C

2.32
2.3 6

1 .8 1 2 .0 3 -

-

1
2
3
4
5

2
2
“

2
2

~

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TO NS,
OTHER THAN T R AI LE R TY PE) ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PU BLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------

2.9 4
2 .9 4

-

-

-

-

24
-

20

"

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e in d ic at e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , a s d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and ty pe of t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




-

-

5

1
2
1
1

1
1

3
2
1

12
12
-

-

18
12
6
“

-

19
19
11

56
1
55
55

_
-

12
-

3
-

44
44

_
-

10
6

-

9

_

9
9

3
3

8
8

2
2

6
6

4
4

'

’

-

30
30

_
-

_

_

_
_

2
2

1
1

*

58
58
58

3
2
1

2
2
“

10
10
-

1
l
-

1
1
1

-

_
~

1
l

-

-

*
_
-

21
13

1

_

22

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

“

~

~

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

79
79
79

47
47
-

1
1
1

_

36
36
36

30
30
30

_

_

-

-

1

9
-

-

4

12
12
“

_

_

_

_

_
“

32
32

18
18

-

_

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution*, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
10

11

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items



Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

12

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued

Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes,in all, over 100 but fewer than5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

13

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )

Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.



Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited*' telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^&ension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

15

PROFESSIONAL

A ND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----T h e s e v e n t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
a tto rn ey s, c h e m ists, e n g in e e rs, engineering technicians, d ra ftsm e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , fre igh t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r ic a l e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s BL.S B u l l e t i n 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l, and
50 c e n t s a c o p y .

National
C lerical

Survey of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
Pay, February— arch 1966.
M

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of t h e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y i n d i c a t i n g d a t e s of e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , a nd t h e p r i c e s o f t h e b u l l e t i n s i s
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 2 0 4 ,
o r f r o m a n y of t h e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o wn on t he i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Bulletin number
and p r i c e

1 4 6 5 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1 4 6 5-7 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 2 ,

20 ce n ts
25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
30 cen ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
40 cen ts

1 4 6 5-7 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -6 ,

20 c e n ts
25 cen ts

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a, O ct. 1965 1 --------------------------------------P a t e r son— lif t o n — a s s a i c , N .J ., Ma y 1966 1 ___________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1965 1______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1_______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1966________________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e, Nov. 1966----------------------------------------------P o r t la n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M ay 1966 1______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t— a r w i c k , R . I . — a s s . ,
W
M
May 1966 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- -----R a le ig h , N . C . , Sept. 1966_________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., Nov. 1965 1 _______________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., Ma y 1966 1 ________________________________

1 4 6 5 -1 3 ,
1465-76,
1 4 6 5 -3 5 ,
1 4 6 5-6 2 ,
1 4 6 5-4 6 ,
1 5 3 0 - 17,
1465-73,

25 ce n ts
25 cen ts
35 c e n ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
20 cents
25 cen ts

1465-65,
1530-7,
1 4 6 5 -2 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 6 ,

25 cen ts
20 cents
30 ce nts
25 cen ts

1465-16,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
1530-5,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

111., O ct . 1965-------------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o . —
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D e c . 1965__________________________
San An to n io , T e x . , June 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s id e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Sept. 1966__________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1965 ______________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1966 1________________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , Au g. 1966---------------------------------------------------Se a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., O ct. 1965 1______________________

1 4 6 5 -2 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 8 ,

25 cen ts
20 cents
20 cents

1 530- 14,
1 4 6 5-2 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 9 ,
1 5 3 0-3 ,
1 4 6 5 -9 ,

25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 ce n ts

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1465-80,
1530-1,

25
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1966 1_____________________________
Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Sept. 1966 1____________ _
T o l e d o , O hio—M i c h . , F e b . 1966___________________________
T r e n t o n , N .J ., D e c . 1965__________________________________
W a sh in gto n, D . C .—M d .—V a . , O ct. 1966 1_________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r. 1966 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iow a, Nov. 1965________________________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , O ct. 1966 1
_______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1-------------------------------------------------------Y o u n g s to w n — a r r e n , O hio , Nov. 1965 1 _________________
W

1 530- 12,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1465-75,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
1465-49,
1 4 6 5 -3 4 ,
1 53 0 - 1 5,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1465-18,
1 530- 1 1,
1465-83,
1 4 6 5 -4 0 ,
1465-25,

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 ce n ts
20 cen ts
20 cen ts
30 cents
25 cents
20 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts
25 cen ts

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465. -53,
1465-71,
1465-29,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1 5 3 0 - 16,

25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1965 _________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1966 ______________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 -------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1966 1_____________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . — a . , S e p t . 1966 1------------------------G
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . — n d . , M a r . 1966 1 --------------------K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o, S e p t . 196 6 1_____________________ _______
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1965 ______________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1965 __________________________________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1 5 3 0 - 13,
1465-15,
1465-24,

D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o wa —
R
111.,
O c t . 1965 __________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , J a n . 1966 1 -----------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1965 1 _________________________ ______
D e s M o i n e s , I o wa , F e b . 1966 1 ---------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
F o r t Wo r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
G r e e n B a y , Wi s ., A u g . 196 6 1___________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1____________________________
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1 ______________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I nd. , D e c . 1965 1-----------------------------------

D a t a on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e provisions are al s o p re s e n t e d .




Bulletin number
a n d p r i c e __

M ilw a u k e e , W i s ., A p r . 1966_______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. Pa u l, Min n., Jan. 1966_________________
M u sk e g o n —M u sk e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1966 1 _______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J . , F e b . 1966 1 ______________
N ew H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 _____________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y ., A p r . 1966 1______________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H am pton, V a ., June 1966________________________________
O k la h o m a C ity, O k l a . , Aug. 1966 1
_______________________

A k r o n , O h i o , J u n e 1966 1_________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1 _________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . — J . ,
N.
F e b . 1966 1________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1966 1 ------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v . 1965 ______________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1____
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ___________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1966 1-----------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t . 1 9 6 6 ________________________________

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1_____________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 ___________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , N o v . 1965 1------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1966 1 --------H
N
L i t t l e R o c k — o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g . 1966 1-----N
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a nd A n a h e i m — a n t a A n a S
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 1_____________ _______
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d . , F e b . 1966 _________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , A u g . 1966 1___________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . , J a n . 1966 1 ---------------------------A
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1965 1___________________ _____________
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J u n e 1966 1 ---------------------

Area


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102