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A re a Wage S u rvey

The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Septem ber 196 6

c

MEDINA

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey----

The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




September 1966

Bulletin No. 1530-13
December 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B ureau of Labor S ta tistics p rogram of annual
occupational wage su rvey s in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnin gs, and e s ta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supp lem entary wage p ro vision s. It
yields detailed data by selec ted industry division s for each
of the a re a s studied, for geographic reg io n s, and for the
United S ta tes.
A m a jo r con sideration in the program is
the need for g re a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem ent of w ages
by occupational ca te g o ry and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le ve l of w ages among a reas and industry d iv isio n s.

Introduction_______________________________________________________________________
W age trends for selected occupational grou ps______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

At the end of each su rv ey , an individual area b u l­
letin p rese n ts su rvey r e su lts for each area studied. A fter
com p letion of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a
round of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m ary bulletin is issu ed.
The fir s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan
a re a s studied into one b u lletin . The second part presents
in form ation which has been pro jected fro m individual m e t ­
rop olitan area data to re la te to geographic regions and the
United S tates.

B.

E ig h t y -s ix a re a s cu rren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In form ation on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each a re a . Inform ation on establishm ent p r a c ­
tic e s and su pp lem en tary wage p ro vision s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o st of the a r e a s .
This b ulletin p r ese n ts resu lts of the survey in
C le velan d , Ohio, in S eptem b er 1966. The Standard M e tr o ­
politan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p r il 1966, c o n sists of Cuyahoga, Geauga,
L ake, and M edina C ou n ties. Th is study was conducted by
the B u re a u 's reg io n al o ffice in C levelan d, Ohio, John W.
Leh m an , D ir e c to r ; by A d rien P ic a rd , under the direction
of Edward Chaiken.
The study was under the gen eral
d irectio n of E lliott A . B ro w a r, A ssista n t R egional D irector
for W ages and In du strial R elation s.




1
4

E stab lish m en ts and w ork ers within scope of su rvey and
num ber studied__________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eekly sa la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings for selected occupational g rou ps, and
percen ts of in c re a se for selected p e rio d s_________________________
Occupational e a r n in g s:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en___________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ical occupations— en and w o m e n —
m
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o fe ssio n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and wom en c o m b in ed ________- ___________________________
A -4 . M aintenance and powerplant occu pation s____________________
A - 5 . C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem en t o cc u p a tio n s_____________
E stab lish m en t p ra ctic es and supplem entary wage p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M inim um entrance s a la r ie s for wom en o ffice w o r k e r s ___
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls ________________________________________________
B - 3 . Scheduled w eekly h o u r s _________________________________________
B - 4 . Paid h olidays______________________________________________________
B - 5 . Paid v a c a tio n s ___ - ____________________ - __________________________
B - 6 . H ealth, in su ran ce, and pension plan s___- ____________________
B - 7 . Health insurance benefits provided em p loyees and
their dependents________________________________________________
B - 8 . P rem iu m pay for o vertim e w o r k ______________________________

A p p en d ix es:
A . Change in occupational d e scrip tion : S e c r e t a r y -___________________
B. Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ______________________________________________

a re a s.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cov er.)

C u rrent rep o rts on occupational earnings and su pp le­
m entary wage p ro vision s in the C levelan d area are also
available for contract cleaning (M ay 1965); in du strial chem ­
ic a ls (N ovem ber 1965); n on ferrou s foundries (June 1965);
nursing h om es (A p ril 1965); and paints and v arn ish es (N o ­
vem ber 1965). Union s c a le s , indicative of prevailing pay
le v e ls , are available for building con struction ; printing;
lo c a l-tr a n s it operating em p lo y e e s; and m otortru ck d r iv e r s ,
h e lp e r s, and allied occupations.

iii

3

4
6
10
11
13
14
16
17
18
19
20
23
24
25
27
29




Area Wage Survey
The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
bonuses and incentive earnings a re included.
W here w eekly hours are
rep o rted , as for o ffice c le r ic a l occupations, r eferen c e is to the stand­
ard w orkw eek (rounded to the n ea re st half hour) for which em ployees
rec eiv e their regular stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (exclu siv e of pay for
o vertim e at regu lar a n d /o r prem iu m r a te s ).
A v era g e w eek ly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n e a re st half dollar.

This a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L abor S ta tistic s conducts su rveys of occupational earnings
and rela ted b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w ere
obtained by p e rso n a l v is its of Bureau field eco n om ists to r e p r e ­
sentative esta b lish m en ts within six broad industry d iv isio n s: M anu­
fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rtation , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s;
w h o le sa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and rea l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies are
governm ent o p eration s and the construction and extractive in d u stries.
E sta b lish m en ts having few er than a p resc rib e d number of w o rk ers are
o m itte d , b ecau se they tend to furnish insufficient em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry division s which m eet pub­
lication c r it e r ia .

The a v era g e s presen ted r e fle c t c o m p o site, areaw ide e s t i­
m a te s.
Industries and esta blish m en ts d iffer in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly to the estim a tes for each job.
The pay relation sh ip obtainable fro m the a vera ge s m ay fa il to reflect
accu rately the wage spread or d iffe re n tial m aintained am ong jobs in
individual e sta b lish m en ts.
S im ila rly , d iffe re n ce s in a verage pay
le v e ls for m en and w om en in any of the selected occupations should
not be a ssu m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm en t of the sexes
within individual esta b lish m en ts.
Other p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
ences in p r o g r e ssio n within establish ed rate ra n g e s, sin ce only the
actual rates paid incum bents are c ollected ; and d iffe re n ce s in specific
duties p e rfo rm e d , although the w o rk ers are a p prop riately c la s s ifie d
within the sam e su rvey job d escrip tion .
Job d escrip tion s used in
c la ssify in g em p loy ees in these su rveys a re u su ally m ore gen eralized
than those used in individual establish m en ts and allow for m inor
d iffe re n ce s am ong esta blish m en ts in the sp ecific duties p erform ed .

T h ese su rv ey s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se of
the u n n e c e ssa r y c o s t involved in surveying a ll esta b lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a cc u r a c y at m inim um c o st, a greater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll esta b lish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h ow ev er, a ll e sta b lish m en ts a re given their appropriate weight.
E s­
tim a te s b a se d on the esta b lish m en ts studied are presen ted , th e re fo re ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
except for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccupations and E arn in gs
The occu pation s se le c te d for study a re com m on to a variety
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
follow in g types: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fessio n a l and technical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to take account of inter establish m en t variation
in duties within the sa m e jo b .
The occupations selected for study
a re liste d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
The earnings data follow ing
the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data for som e
of the occupations listed and d e sc rib e d , or for som e industry division s
within o ccu p atio n s, a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s, because
eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p rese n ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re
of individual e sta b lish m en t data.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim a te s rep rese n t the total in
a ll esta blish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
actu ally su rveyed .
B ecau se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
am ong e sta b lish m e n ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent ob ­
tained fro m the sam ple of esta b lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate
the relative im portance of the jobs studied.
T hese d ifferen ces in
occupational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe ct the a ccu racy of the
earnings data.

E stab lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P rov ision s
Inform ation is presen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta blish m en t p ra ctic e s and supplem entary wage p ro vision s as they re­
late to plant and office w o r k e r s.
A d m in istra tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and pro­
fe ssio n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con struction w o rk ers who are
u tilized as a sep arate w ork fo rc e are excluded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in­
clude w orking fo re m e n and a ll n on su p ervisory w o rk ers (including lead m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice functions.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "

O ccu p ation al em p loy m en t and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those hired to work a regular w eekly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la ssific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for work on w eekends, h olid a y s, and
late s h ifts .
N onproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv in g




1

2
include w orking su p e rv iso rs and n on su p ervisory w o rk ers p erform in g
c le r ic a l or related functions.
C afeteria w o rk ers and routem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonm anufacturing
in d u strie s.
M inim um entrance sa la r ie s for w om en o ffice w o rk ers (table
B - l ) relate only to the establish m en ts v isited .
They a re presen ted in
term s of establish m en ts with fo r m a l m inim um entrance sa la r y policies.
S h i f t d ifferen tial data (table B -2 ) a re lim ited to plant w ork ers
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in form ation is presented both in
term s of (1) esta blish m en t p o lic y , 1 presented in te rm s of total plant
w orker em p loym en t, and (2) effective p r a c tic e , presen ted in te r m s of
w o rk ers actu ally em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e of the
su rvey .
In establish m en ts having varied d iffe re n tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo rity was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " was u sed .
In esta blish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n orm al r a t e s , a d ifferen tial was recorded
only if it applied to a m a jo rity of the shift h ou rs.

The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3 ) of a m a jo rity of the
fi r s t -s h i ft w ork ers in an establish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant or office w ork ers of that esta b lish m en t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours are those which fu ll-tim e em p loyees w ere expected to
w ork, whether they w ere paid for at stra ig h t-tim e or o v ertim e r a te s.
Paid h olidays; paid vacation s; health, in su ra n ce, and pension
plans; and prem iu m pay for overtim e work (tables B - 4 through B -8 )
are treated sta tistic a lly on the b asis that these a re applicable to a ll
plant or office w o rk ers if a m ajority of such w o rk ers a re eligib le or
m ay eventually qualify for the p ra ctices listed .
Sums of individual
item s in tables B - 2 through B - 8 m ay not equal totals because of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a sis; i. e. , (1) a re provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been establish ed by cu sto m .
Holidays
o rd in arily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even if the w orker is not granted another day off.
The fir s t
part o f the paid holidays table presen ts the num ber of whole and half
holidays actu ally granted.
The second part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t im e .
The su m m ary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l a rran gem en ts w hereby tim e off with
pay is granted at the d isc re tio n of the em p lo y er.
E stim a te s exclude
v aca tio n -sa v in g s plans and those which offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t i­
c a l " ben efits beyond basic plans to w o rk ers with qualifying lengths of
s e r v ic e .
T ypical of such exclu sion s a re plans in the s te e l, alum inum ,
and can in d u stries.
Separate estim ates are provided a cco rd in g to
em p loyer practice in com puting vacation p a ym en ts, such as tim e pay­
m e n ts , percen t of annual ea rn in g s, or fla t -s u m am ounts. H ow ever, in
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




the tabulations o f vacation pay, paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w ere c on ­
verted to a tim e b a s is ; for e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered a s the equivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re presented fo r a ll h ealth, in su ra n c e, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) for w hich at le a s t a part of the c o st is
borne by the em p lo y er, excepting only le g a l req u ire m e n ts such as
w o rk m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and ra ilro a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such plans include those u n derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l insurance
com pany and those provided through a union fund or paid d irec tly by
the em p loyer out of cu rrent o p eratin g funds or fro m a fund set a sid e
for this purpose.
Selected health in su ran ce ben efits provided e m ­
ployees and their dependents a re a ls o p rese n te d .
Sickness and acciden t in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which pred eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d irec tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or a cciden t
d isa b ility.
Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em p loyer con tribu tes.
H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem porary d isa b ility in su ran ce laws which req u ire e m ­
ployer c o n trib u tio n s,2 plans a re included only if the em p loy er (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is lega lly r e q u ir e d , -or (2) p rovides the em p loyee
with benefits which exceed the req u ire m e n ts o f the law .
Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b sen ce fr o m w ork
becau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a cco rd in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting p erio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p eriod.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportion s of w o r k e r s who are provided
sic k n ess and accident insurance or paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w orkers who r e c e iv e either or both types of b en efits.
Catastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re design ed to p rotect
em p loyees in case of sick n ess and injury involving exp en ses beyond
the norm al coverage of h osp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans providing fo r com p lete or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c to r s' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rg an iza tio n s or they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations o f re tir e m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ain d er of
the w o r k e r 's life.
Data on o vertim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 8 ) , the hours after
which prem iu m pay is receiv ed and the c orresp o n d in g rate of pay, a re
presented by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D aily o v ertim e r e fe r s to
w ork in ex c ess of a sp ecified n um ber o f hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the number of hours worked on other days of the pay p eriod.
W eekly
o vertim e r e fe r s to work in e x c e s s o f a sp e cified num ber o f hours
per week r e g a r d le ss of the day on w hich it is p e rfo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or number of days w orked .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
it met either of the following
contributions.
formal provisions covering
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
if it (1) had operated late
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written form for operating
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Cleveland, Ohio,

by major industry division, 2 September 1966
Workers in establishments

Number of establishments

Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study3

Studied
Total4

Studied

Plant
Number

All divisions_______________________________________
Manufacturing----- ------------- --------------------- ----- N onmanuf actur ing__ ______________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ____________________
Wholesale tra d e - --------------- ------------------------Retail trade------------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real esta te ----------Services 7 _ __ _______________________________

.

Office

Percent

T otal4

1, 031

297

400, 800

100

258 ,4 0 0

67, 600

255,380

100
-

459
572

141
156

253, 300
147, 500

63
37

176,900
81, 500

3 4,800
32, 800

168,250
87, 130

100
50
100
50
50

61
182
74
118
137

28
36
30
29
33

33,
24,
47,
20,
20,

900
700
600
600
700

9
6
12
5
5

15,
13,
39,
6 1,

100
100
800
800
(8)

6,
7,
3,
12,

800
000
200
900
(8)

28, 280
6, 950
35,820
8,890
7, 190

1 The Cleveland Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through April 1966, consists of Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties. The "workers
within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonable accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not
intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use
of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
Cleveland’ s transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only. Workers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll
industry" estim ates in the Series B tables.
7 Hotels; personal service s; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.
8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual estab­
lishment data.




Over three-fifths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Cleveland area
following table presents the major industry
were employed in manufacturing firm s.
T1
groups and specific industries as a percent
: all manufacturing:
Industry groups
Prim ary m etals---------------------------16
Transportation equipment_____ 16
Fabricated metal products---__ 15
Machinery (except electrical)_14
Electrical machinery------------------10
C hem icals----------------------------------- 5
Printing and publishing________ 5

Specific industries
Motor vehicles and
equipment---------------------------------- 12
Blast furnaces, steel works,
and rolling and finishing
m i ll s ___________________________
8
Metal stam pings________________
5
Metal working machinery
and equipment-------------------------- 5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P rese n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen tages of change
in average s a la r ie s of office c le ric a l w o rk ers and in du strial n u r s e s ,
and in a vera ge earnings of selected plant w ork er g ro u p s. The indexes
are a m ea su re of w ages at a given tim e , e x p r e sse d as a percen t of
w ages during the b ase period (date of the a rea survey conducted
between July I960 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fro m the index
yields the percen tage change in w ages fr o m the b ase period to the
date of the index.
The p ercen tages of change or in c re a se relate to
wage changes between the indicated d a tes.
T h ese estim a tes are
m e a su re s of change in a vera ge s for the a re a ; they are not intended
to m ea su re average pay changes in the esta b lish m en ts in the a re a .

in the occupational group. T h ese constant w eights r e fle c t b ase y ear
em ploym ents w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a v era g e (m ean) earnin gs for
each occupation w ere m u ltip lied by the occupation w eigh t, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e re totaled. The a g g re g a te s
for 2 consecutive y ea rs w ere rela ted

by

dividing

the

a ggregate fo r

the la te r year by the aggregate for the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resultant
re la tiv e , le s s 100 percen t, shows the percen ta ge change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b a se y ear r ela tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
for the next succeeding year and continuing to m ultiply (compound)
each y e a r 's relative by the p rev iou s y e a r 's index.
A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the following occupations w ere used in com puting the wage tren d s:

Method of Computing
Each of the selected key occupations within an occupational
group was a ssig n ed a weight based on its proportionate em ploym ent
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls
NOTE:

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Cleveland, Ohio,
September 1966 and September 1965, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(September 1960=100)

Percents of increase

September 1966 September 1965

September 1965 September 1964 September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September 1960 September 1959
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
September 1966 September 1965 September 1964 September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September 1960

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)-------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)----------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men)------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )---------------------------------------------------------

115.
120.
119.
115.

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en)------------------------------------Industrial nurses (men and w om en)-----------------------------------Skilled maintenance (men)------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )---------------------------------------------------------

113. 7
120. 1
119.0
116. 6




3
2
1
8

8
1
2
3

2.
4.
4.
2.

3
4
3
2

3. 1
4. 1
3 .4
2. 7

1.
.
1.
1.

4
9
1
6

2.
3.
3.
2.

5
3
1
9

2. 7
2 .9
3 .4
3. 1

2.
3.
2.
2.

6
0
5
3

4. 0
3. 1
3. 2
2.9

111. 2
115. 1
114. 2
113.0

2.
4.
4.
3.

3
4
3
1

2. 9
4. 1
3 .4
2 .8

.5
.9
.9
1. 5

2.
3.
3.
3.

6
3
0
4

2. 4
2 .9
3 .4
2. 6

2. 4
3 .0
2. 8
2. 2

3 .0
3. 1
3. 1
4 .2

112.
115.
114.
113.

5
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w ork ers and industrial n u rse s, the wage
trends relate to w eekly s a la r ie s for the norm al w orkw eek, ex clu sive
of earnings at o v ertim e p rem iu m r a te s.
For plant w orker grou ps,
they
m e a su re changes in average stra ig h t-tim e hourly earnin gs,
excluding p rem iu m pay for overtim e and for work on w eekends,
h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
The percentages are based on data for
se le c te d key occupations and include m ost of the n u m erically im portant
job s within each group.

Changes in the lab or fo rce can cause in c r e a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a vera ges without actual wage changes. It is conceivable
that even though all esta b lish m en ts in an area gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
a verage wages m ay have declined b ecau se lo w er-p a yin g establishm ents
entered the area or expanded their work fo r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m ay have rem ained rela tiv ely constant, yet the a vera ges for an area
m ay have risen con sid erab ly becau se high er-payin g establish m en ts
entered the a re a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The indexes and p ercen tages of change, as m e a su re s of
change in a rea a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l) general sa la ry and
wage ch an ges,
(2) m e r it or other in c re a se s in pay rec eiv ed by
individual w o rk ers while in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in average
w ages due to changes in the labor fo rce resulting fr o m labor turn­
o v e r , fo r c e ex p a n sion s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p ro p o r­
tions of w o r k e r s em p loyed by establish m en ts with different pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim in ates the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o rk ers represen ted in each job
included in the data. The percen ta ges of change r eflect only changes
in average pay for stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work sch ed u les, as such, or by prem iu m pay
for o v e r tim e .
Data w ere adjusted w here n e c e s s a r y to rem ove from
the indexes and p ercen tages of change any significant effect caused
by changes in the scope of the su rvey .

6

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

55

$
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

15 C

160

170

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

over

12

21

34
23

54
43

41

11

20
21

55
43
12

7

6

6

129
97
32
17

66

11

t

50

$

$

(

$

i

$

$

$

$

and
under

M iddle range 2

55
MEN

$

$

$

1 1 7 .5 0 1 1 8 .0 0 1 1 5 .5 0 1 2 0 .5 0 1 2 2 .5 0 -

140.50
141.50
139.00
1 39.50
153.00

26
7
19

9 6 .0 0 9 4 .5 0 9 6 .5 0 1 0 6 .0 0 -

117.00
116.00
121.00
124.00

20
11

551
364
187
73
75

39. 5
4 0 .0
3 9.5
40. Q
4 0 .0

1 2 9 .0 0
130.00
127.50
13 0 .0 0
1 3 2 .5 0

191
99
92
26

40. C
40.0
4 0 .0
3 9.5

105.00
103.50
107.50
115.50

C L E R K S , O R D E R -------------------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------N ONMANUF AC TURI NG --------------------------WH OL ES AL E TRADE -------------------------

63 3
207
426
426

4 0 .0 120.50 1 2 2 . 0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 4 0 .0 1 2 8 .O 131.00 1 1 5 .0 0 C
4 0.0 116.5C 118.50 1 0 3 .0 0 4 0.0 116. 50 118.50 1 0 3 .0 0 -

133.50
146.00
129.00
129.00

C L E R K S , P AY RO L L ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

111

39. 5 123.00 126.00 1 0 5 .0 0 3 9 .5 126.00 128.50 1 1 3 .5 0 -

143.00
145.50

O F F I C E BOYS -----------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N ONMANUF ACT URI NG --------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------

354
157
197
130

3 9 .0
3 9.5
38.5
37.5

TAB ULAT IN G-MAC HINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------------

136
94

39.5 130.00 131.50 1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
3 9.5 130.50 130.00 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

255
146
109

3 9.5 111. O 109.50 1 02 . 0 0 - 1 2 2 . 0 0
C
4 0 .0 1 1 2 . 0 0 108.00 1 0 2 .0 0 124.00
3 9 .5 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 2 . 0 0 1 0 2 . 0 0 120.00

C L E R K S . A C C O U N T I N G . C L A S S A -----------M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------N ONMANUF AC TURI NG - - -----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------WH OL E SA LE T R A O E ------------------------C L E R K S . A C C O U NT I N G, C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------P U B L IC

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------

T ABULATING-MACHINE

79

7 7 .5 0
78 .0 0
77. 00
7 4 .5 0

129.50
131.00
127.50
129.00
129.00
104.00
103.00
109.00
121.00

72 .5 0
73 .5 0
7 2.00
69.50

67. 506 8 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 -

16
5

8

4
3

2

17

10
1
1

23
18

11

12
12

11

11

47
47

13

22

4
18
2

18
2

56
56

26
24

66

57
55
42

32
34

30
16
14

20

6

37
21
16

20
2

18
15

91
42
49
49

66

22

59
32
27
27

31
21

16
12

10

1C

26
17

12

2

112

1
1

11

11
67
7
60
60

50
14
36
36

5

84.00
83 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
82 .5 0

2

16

20

10

3

11

6

36
13
23
1

18

5

13

9
1

53
13

6

3

17
3
14

18
14

36
24

11

9

28
15

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------TABULATING-MAC HINE OP ERAT ORS,
C L A S S C -----------------------------------------------

12

17
9

43
32

13
18

11

9

30
15

29
17
12

1
1
-

-

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
MACHINE) ---------------------------M A NU FAC TU RI NG ---------------NONMANUFACTURI NG --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----WH OL ES AL E T RAD E ------B I L L t R S , MAC HI NE ( B O O KK EE P IN G
MACHINE) ----------------------------------MAN UF AC TU RIN G ---------------------N ONMANUF ACT URI NG ----------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------M A NU FAC TU RI NG -----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.




323
132
191
31
116

‘40. 0
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

82,,00
86.,00
79.,50
96,,00
77. 50

82,,00
85,.00
80,,50
93,,00
79..50

72,,5 0 - 91,,00
78,,0 0 - 95,,50
69,.0 0 - 87,.00
85,,0 0 - 120,.50
69,,5 0 - 83,.50

132
62
70

4 1 .0
3 9.5
42. 5

8 0 .0 0
82 .0 0
78. 00

81 .0 0
8 2 .O
C
80 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 83 .5 0

179
94
85

39.0 1 0 0 .0 0
3 9.5 103.00
3 8 .0
97 .0 0

97 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 111.00
9 0 .0 0 100.50

5
-

5
-

19
4
15

38
4
34

37
10
27

34
26
8

71
22
49

33
16
17

7

25

21

6

41

7

2

23
9
14

21
9
12

11
8
3

46
13
33

15
11
4

11
5
6

21
10
11

-

2

3
3

32
16
16
14

15
15

-

1
1

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

*

8
8

-

9

_
-

12
12
-

_

1

_

1

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

1

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
9
30

42
28
14

13
8
5

10
10
“

11
7
4

11
6
5

1
1
“

14
8
6

1

2
2

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1966)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

(standard)

Me an2

Median 2

Middle Tange 2

50
and
under

-

55

t

$
60

65

$

$
70

75

$
80

$
85

$

t

$
90

95

100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$
14C

$

$
150

160

170
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

3
3

12
12
6

51
2
49
23
12

50
28
22
8
9

80
62
18
8
3

76
12
64
46
6

72
25
47
17
11

48
25
23
15
7

16
4
12
2

21
9
12
9
2

5
4
1

4
4

-

3
2
1
1

18
8
10
6

11
7
4
-

55
25
30
22

55
33
22
3
14

73
20
53
11
22

64
23
41
4
2

108
44
64
42
5

102
93
9
2

67
31
36
5
19

59
47
12
4
~

61
33
28
5
10

37
28
9
4
1

54
40
14
6

9
8
1
1
~

9
6
3
3
~

~

55
WOMEN

%

$

%

Average
weekly

125

130

14C

150

160

170

over

C O NT I N U E D

$
81.00
79.50
81 .5 0
82.00
8 2.50

$
7 2 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

472
189
2 83
147
55

39,5
3 9.5
3 9.5
39.5
3 9 .0

$
81 .0 0
8 2.50
79 .5 0
79 .5 0
8 2.50

782
446
336
88
103

39.0
39 .0
3 9.0
39.0
3 8.0

106.00
109.00
101.50
108.00
9 6 .0 0

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------WH O LE S AL E T R A D E -------------------------R E T A I L TRADE ------------------------------F I N A N C E 4----------------------------------------

2 ,0 8 5
939
1 ,146
147
432
224
214

39. 5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39. 5
37.5

8 2.50
85 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
9 1.00
8 0.50
7 1 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

81.00
83.00
79.50
8 8.00
80.50
70.00
77.50

7 1 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 68. 507 8 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 1 .5 0 6 8 .GO-

C L E R K S . F I L E , C L A S S A -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------

147
64
83

39.0
39. C
38.5

8 5 .5 0
88. O
C
83 .5 0

CLERKS. F I L E ,
C L A S S B -----------------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G --------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC T URI NG --------------------------WH O LE S AL E T RADE -------------------------F I N A N C E 4-----------------------------------------

699
206
493
134
182

39.0
39.5
38.5
39.0
37.0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -----------------------M A N UF AC TU R IN G ---------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4-----------------------------------------

584
196
388
41
68
225

C L E R K S , ORDER --------------------------------------M A N U F AC TU R IN G --------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC T URI NG --------------------------W H OL E SA LE T RAD E --------------------------

BOO KKEE PING-M ACHINE O PER ATORS,
C L A S S 8 -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N C N MA N UF AC T UR IN G ---------------------------WH OL ES AL E T R A D E ------------------------F I N A N C E 4-----------------------------------------

$
89 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
88 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

"

-

~

-

-

27
8
19
12
1

105.50 9 4 .0 0 - 118.00
108.50 9 9 .0 0 - 120.50
1 0 0 .5C 9 1 .5 0 - 112.50
103.00 1 0 0 .5 0 - 117.00
9 2.50 84. 53- 111.50

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

9 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
89 .5 0
99 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

14
14
14

32
8
24
24

200
37
163
8
57
54
31

229
103
126
1
59
20
37

2 53
110
143
13
76
28
20

216
95
121
23
16
25
43

399
189
210
25
88
23
30

146
82
64
7
23
12
18

191
99
92
16
34
16
17

135
69
66
21
26
14

70
47
23
3
6
1
1

71
20
51
6
34
4

37
22
15
2
7
3
3

45
33
12
5
1
“

18
12
6
6
-

17
5
12
7
5
-

12
8
4
4
-

-

~

-

-

85.50
86.00
85 .0 0

7 5 . 0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 90 .0 0

-

-

1
1

14
14

23
7
16

13
7
6

19
14
5

38
16
22

14
6
8

1
1

10
9
1

8
1
7

1
1

2
2
~

1
1

~

“

~

-

2

~

~

7 1.00
7 6.50
69. O
C
65 .5 0
6 7.50

69.50
73.50
68.00
65.50
67.00

6 3 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 6 2 .DO-

7 4.50
8 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

5
5
5
-

70
13
57
20
29

147
36
ill
40
46

148
26
122
42
42

169
43
126
21
44

54
22
32
1
15

32
16
16
3
5

15
3
12
2
“

6
1
5

35
31
4

3
1
2

14
14
-

-

39.0
3 9.5
39.0
39.5
4 0.0
38.5

6 3.50
68 .5 0
61 .0 0
66. 50
58 .5 0
61 .0 0

63.00
68.00
61.00
64.50
58.50
62.00

5 9 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 6 2 .DO5 7 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 -

6 7 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
64 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

36
36
32

142
22
120
49
49

199
45
154
24
19
87

113
57
56
6

59
44
15
6

7
4
3
2

9
8
1
-

17
16
1
1

1

1

1
1

1
1

46

9

1

1

473
222
251
182

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0 .0

86 .5 0
92 .5 0
81 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

84.00
88.00
8 2.00
8 3.00

7 4 .0 0 - 9 2 .5 0
8C.Q0- 102.50
7 2 .5 0 - 88 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 0 .5 0

10
10
-

3

9
1
8

29
11
18
7

81
32
49
45

22
11
11
10

104
36
68
46

71
37
34
27

52
20
32
32

18
11
7
7

20
17
3
“

8
8
-

-

-

~

-

~

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ----------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N ONM AN U FA C TU RI N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------R E T A I L T RADE -------------------------------

827
524
303
100
75

39.5 9 4 .0 0
39.5
9 7 .0 0
39.5
8 9 .0 0
39. 5 100.50
39.5
79.50

9 2.50
95.00
8 7.00
99.50
76.50

8 0 .5 0 - 107.00
8 2 .0 0 - 109.50
7 5 .0 0 - 100.00
9 1 .0 0 - 1 16.00
6 9 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0

_

14
4
10

32
16
16

63
45
18
1
6

121
73
48
10
4

51
26
25
3
6

101
63
38
10
12

73
49
24
19
3

61
44
17
15
2

49
40
9
2
1

48
37
11
3
1

49
22
27
21
4

28
24
4
4
~

21
18
3

-

82
34
48
9
16

C OM PT O ME TE R O PE RA T OR S -----------------------M A N U F A CT U RI N G --------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------W H O LF S AL E T R A D E --------------------------

560
291
2 69
37
61
145

87.00
7 7 .0 0 - 100.00
39.5
89 .0 0
39.5 9 5 . O
C 90.00
8 4 .0 0 - 107.00
3 9.5
8 2.00
81.50
6 8 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 109.00 111.50 1 0 7 .0 0 - 114.50
39.5
82.50
8 2.00
7 1 .5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
76.50
39. 0 76 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 8 7 .5 0

48
23
25

45
21
24

73
34
39

50
31
19
1
2
14

29
19
10

30
21
9
7
2

29
13
16
16

22
19
3
3

7
3
4
4

8
6
2

2
8

25
15
10
2
6
2

1
1

4
4

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------P U B L I C U T I L IT I ES 3-----------------------F I N A N C E 4----------------------------------------C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A CT U RI N G ---------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------WH OL E SA L E T RA DE --------------------------

R ET AIL

T RAD E

-------------------------------

D U P L I C A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P ER A T O R S
( MI ME OG RA P H OR D I T T O ) ---------------------M A N U F AC TU R IN G ---------------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




87
53

3 9.5
3 9.5

7 8.50
82.00

77.00
76.00

7 1 .0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

3
~
4
2
2

-

-

-

-

2

10

8

15

33
2
31

20

7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15

8
15

6
12

5
18

-

7

19

22
14

101
66
35
4
8
21

10
3

4
4

3
-

20
19

20
5

9
1

5
5

-

-

7

15

_
-

-

20

-

-

-

1

-

-

3
-

3

-

*

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

7
7

19
19

2
2

3
3

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

~

9
1
8
8

1

-

-

“

18
15
3
3
18
18

7
7
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1966)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Number
of
workers

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S
$
$
16‘
170
150

WOMEN -

K EY P UN CH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B -----------MAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------W HO LE SAL E T R A D E ------------------------R E T A I L T RA D E ------------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ---------------------------------------O F F I C E G I R L S ---------------------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------NO NMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------WH OL E SA LE T R A D E ------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S 5 6---------------------------------------M A NU FAC TU RI NG --------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------WHOL ESAL E T R A D E ------------------------R E T A I L T RADE ------------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

10 5

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

-

-

-

3
1
2

46
32
14
2

109
98
11
3
2
6

97
53
44
2
25
16

77
50
27
5
17
4

79
61
18
3
12
3

60
43
17
6
7
4

31
16
15
11
2
1

28
21
7
1
6

7
2
5
5

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

87
66
21
7
7
4

“

“

“

“

~

“

~

28
22
6
6

56
8
48
48

25
7
18
18

1
1

-

-

-

and
under

$
$
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 94.50

652
458
194
50
82
56

3 9.5
3 9 .5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38. 0

$
$
94. 50 93.00
94. 00 9 2.00
9 5 .C
C 9 4.00
99 .5 0 112.50
97 .0 0
9 6.00
87 .5 0 90.00

1,096
448
648
186
204
64
178

39.5
39 .5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .0

83 .0 0
86. O
C
8 0 .5 0
94 .5 0
7 8.50
6 6 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

80.10
83.00
78.03
91.00
78.50
66.50
74 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 - 9 1 . C
O
7 2 .0 0 - 9 4 .C
O
7 1 .0 0 - 89.00
7 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
7 0 .5 0 - 8 9 .O
C
6 1 .0 0 - 7 2 .O
C
6 9 .5 0 - 81.50

270
95
175
42
53

39. 5
3 9.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0
69 .5 0
6 7 . 5C
78 .0 0
69 .0 0

66.00
67.00
6 6.00
77.00
64.50

6 1 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 6 8 .OC6 2 .0 3 -

3,631
2,079
1,552
268
283
115
648

39.0
39. 5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.5
3 8 .0

111.50
115.50
106.00
121.50
105.50
101.00
101.00

74.50
7 4.00
7 5.00
84.00
7 9.50

110.50
9 6 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
115.00 1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
103.50
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
126.00 1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
103.00
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
101.50
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
99.50
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------------------

338
200
138

39 .5 127.00 127.00 1 1 2 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 3
39.5 1 2 7 .O 131.00 1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 2 .0 0
C
3 9.0 1 2 7 .O 121.00 1 1 0 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
C

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B 6---------------------M A NU FAC TU RI NG --------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------WH OL ES AL E TRAO E ------------------------F I N A N C E 4----------------------------------------

842
438
404
55
103
164

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9.0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

117.00
122.50
1 11.00
131.00
105.00
107. 50

116.50 1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
122.50 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
107.00
9 6 . 5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
136.00 1 0 9 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
102.00
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
104.00 9 3 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C 6---------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------WH OL ES AL E TRAD E ------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------

1,344
854
490
112
61
226

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .5
40* 0
4 0.0
38.5

112.00
1 14.00
108.00
121.50
112.50
103.50

111.50
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
113.50 1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
107.00
95. 5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
126.50 1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .O
C
112.50
9 3 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0
102.00
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D 6---------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------WHOL ES AL E TRADE ------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------

941
472
469
65
71
210

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------------------MAN UF AC TU R IN G --------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------

2,011
1 ,008
1,003
337
187
328

CLAS S

A 6---------------------

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------WHOL ES AL E T R A D E ------------------------F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------

__________ ____________
See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




60

50

weekly

and
170

over

-

“

C ON TI NU ED

K EY P UN CH OP ER AT ORS * C L A S S A
M AN U FA C T UR IN G -----------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3--------WH OL ES AL E T R A D E ----------F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------

SECRETARIES,

55

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

3 9 .0
9 8 .5 0
97 .5 0
3 9.0 1 02.50 104.00
3 8.5
9 4 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
3 9 .5
9 6 .0 0
8 8.50
4 0 .0
9 6 .0 0
9 2.50
37.5 9 0 .0 0
89 .0 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0 - 99 .0 0

3 9 .0
39.5
3 9 .0
40 .0
4C.0
3 8 .0

7 4 .5 0 - 9 5.00
7 7 .0 0 - 9 7.50
7 3 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 92.50
6 9 .0 0 - 8 0.50

85 .5 0
87 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
94 .5 0
8 2.50
7 5 .0 0

84 .0 0
86.00
81 .5 0
94.50
83.50
75.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

24
11
13
5
4
4

2

27
3
24

64
14
50

-

-

27
14
9

134
56
78
17
18
3
40

120
6C
60
19
32
2
5

83
34
49
6
39
4

39
17
22
14
2
1
5

2
1

-

-

11
13

138
45
93
22
33
5
27

-

2

185
59
126
30
31
7
50

23
20
3

-

139
72
67
4
20
19
24

21
7
14
-

23
4
19
“

80
30
50
31

47
20
27
17
1

37
14
23
3
5

15
3
12
4
4

22
5
17
10
7

13
5
8
3
5

3
l
2
2

4
4
-

2
1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1

23
3
20

61
19
42
3

5
14

43
20
23
6
9
2
6

115
43
72
19
15
5
29

248
69
179
7
37
13
88

318
139
179
11
51
12
81

2 84
151
133
7
9
8
86

371
184
187
17
36
21
81

325
213
112
19
18
7
63

_
-

_
-

"

5
5
-

9
9
-

12
5
7

14
8
6

19
8
11

-

-

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

322
2C3
119
16
35
9
28

372
246
126
11
20
6
50

235
182
53
11
7
3
13

25 3
16 2
96
40
8
6
33

324
212
112
53
15
8
24

192
142
50
13
21
3
9

65
38
27
19
1

11
3
8

30
1l
19

38
22
16

21
10
11

25
15
10

62
46
16

92
53
39
8
7
17

50
28
22
1
1
5

105
59
46
1
15
18

47
35
12
2
1
2

96
72
24
4
3
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

~
“
~

~
~

27
15
12
12

7

47
38
9
4
1
1
3

43
35
8

16
11
5

19
10
9

14
2
12

94
61
33
10
1
11

68
43
25
9
7
9

28
10
18
13
1
4

7
7
-

9
-

14
11
3
2
1

14
14
-

1
l
-

~

10
2
8

46
2
44

50
14
36

40
12
28

-

-

6

8

15
20

25
10

2
19

92
29
63
7
25
24

2
2
-

2
1
1
-

3
l
2
-

16
10
6
4

69
24
45
9
19

140
79
61
4
10
39

117
73
44
3
37

153
83
70
9
2
33

123
83
40
7
1
29

163
104
59
14
18
22

137
101
36
5
3
14

103
88
15
5
7

107
54
53
31
5
13

122
78
44
31
5
8

58
49
9
1
8
”

20
3
17

49
16
33
3

119
33
86
7
11
49

112
40
72
7
14
26

107
55
52
4
5
24

97'
58
39
1
8
16

88
68
20
3
17

64
48
16
1
5
~

77
54
23
2
9

45
33
12
2
6
~

18
10
8
3
~
5

21
7
14
6
4
~

7
2
5
1
“

27

76
26
50
19
9
17

257
115
142
39
10
77

2 93
156
137
28
40
47

217
126
91
32
12
24

213
107
106
15
47
10

152
92
60
40
13
6

110
73
37
19
7
-

119
102
17
16
1

55
23
32
32
~

59
5
54
52
~

8
2
6
6
-

2
~
2
2

-

-

“

14

1
-

6
4
2
-

-

-

-

-

48
13
35
1
8
23

176
50
126
2
24
76

29 5
140
155
53
25
65

1

-

8
2
6

-

-

-

_

-

“

1

15
15

-

-

-

_

-

-

~

”

10
10

7
5
2
2

_

-

-

-

-

5
33

-

-

-

4C
19
21
6
9
6

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

~

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

~
-

-

9

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1966)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N ber
um
of
w ricers
o

$

Average
w
eekly
hours1
(stan
dard)

$
50

Mean1
2

M
edian 2

M
iddle range2

S
55

S
60

65

70

\

$
75

80

$
85

$
90

$
95

100

S
S
$
$
105
1 10
115
120

$

$

$
125

130

$
140

$
150

S
160

and
under

170
and

55

W EN OM

S

$

60

65

-

-

:

70

75

80

~

10
1

13
16
1
15

85

90

95

100

105

79
27
52

101

129

132

20'

36

46

42

110

115

120

92
102
30

25

31

*3
*

IK
15

130

140

150

160

170

over

27
17
13

16
5

48
13

1
2

:

I

I

5

*

2
-

106

65

125

CONTINUED
$

$
3 9 .5

1
*
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

393

3 9 .G

* 5Q 1 0 3 *^ 0
99. O
C 9 9 .0 0

I-3 *
10Z

an* ^
3 0 .5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --------

138

3 9 . 5 1 0 2 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

56
36

8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 9 . 0 0

~

-

2

2

5

3 9 .0 1 0 1 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 0 4 . Co 1 0 7 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

-

-

I

:

2

2

-

6 3 .0 0 Q^ * DU*
(JO Crt*
ai nn—
Ol»UU“
C7 mc n .
D f DU
a i nn—
Oi*yU *

9 2 .5 0
O f'A
Q
77#V U
A7 cn
Ol*?U
aq cr
Oo*Du
0 7 3U
7J* cn
9 0 .0 0
oo *UU
nn
Q cn
Q
00*PU
q i nn
7i#UU

8 1 .5 0

AA
57

to* t
t o .0
38 n

7a* tn
* cn
qa *nn
8 6 .0 0

636

3 9 .5

8 2 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

332
136

3 9 ,3
*
4 .0

nn*nn
na . 00
BZ *nn

n l*nn
n 2 .5n
8at 0

7 3 .5 0 7A * 3U*
it cn 7 7 An—
fCmD U—
7 a. ten—
f *f# D —
U

130

39. 5

9 5 .5 0

9 4 .5 0

93
67

ao .*r
39 0

on .5 0
9 0 *In

9n .5 0
9 0 *tn

one
O
K
1^5
1 3Z

to* K
a9 * I
an*n
8.

nl* nn
78 50
7 6 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

"

1Q

A
16

5
5

8
1

•Y-x/nfCTci b i Abo A - — —
r l acc a
iT r lo lo
—
— — —
— —
u aA (r attiid tAir
n
MANUrAtlUKlNb
AinKiuAAuir M 1UK 1IN
I UI HAINUr ArmniAir
N N
l#
U
—— — — ——
— — — ——
nnoi r U I1L T1 f CC — — — — — —
rU o Ltit IITTI 1 T lc b 3 — — — — — — —
1 M 1 CrAI C TOM
.1 in
HLUL Lj AL C 1KAftC
L/C
C T AIN C
M U
r 1»N Akirc^
J
J - -J
J
Twni b 1 bf LL Abb O — — — — — —
ri acc o — — — — — — —
1 Tr l ctc
—
u a ah i c a r Tiin INb
nAIMUrAb 1UK i n r
— . .— — — — — —
— — — — — —
K U i H MU Ar 1IIOTAir
infN A l C
iN AMAIN1r Ab TUKlfNb — — —
— — —————— ——
—
uum cc AL c to AU C — ————— ——— ——
WM ub ai t 1K aoc
UL
O CT ATI
K Cl AIL T D A HC ——— — ——— —————
1 KAUt
— —
C TK AMr* C
1
rliNAINUt 4

904
Ino
38Z
53
168
2’' ^ 33
’
1 , 332
2vn
77

a *k
ao* r
ao* k
39 5
39. C
ao* k
an* t
In* r
ao*K
37 5

9 a*°n
n n ln
88* OC
8 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
7n*Kn
71 tn
a * nn
a k * tn
70 00

77*nn
7 7 .0 0

on *tn
n ln n
8 6 *0 0
9 2 .0 0
73 *tn
7n* tn
' nnn
a k * In
&9 00

j c aa_
l
OO# UU—
7n ten—
«v# D-J
c Dmnn—
O i UU—
a 7 nn—
Oa #UU*
cq
DO# cn—
DUa 7 UU
Oi • d a .
—

89 .0 0

q i cn
oi*DU
at; nn
OD*UU
77 • DU
f 1 ca
7c nn
fD#UU
77 # cn
f3 D
U
7 C nn
fD#UU

~
16

1

3

3

5

9

12
12

3
1
2

2

5

-

-

3
1
2

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

3
3

46

42

37

40

10

21

2

*
17

39

27

15

at

£

1n
IU

”
2

3

1
135
76

91
52
39
19

43
22

66

18
18

14
9
5

8
6
2

1
1

It
15

at
ai

9

13

21

10

11

*

3

*l

1

2

3

*
4

1

4
3
1

38
36
2

16
10
6
6

9
7

-

I

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

47
26
21
1

*

1

21
14
7
1

I

1

13
12
1
1

12
*

7
3
53
21
32
'

21

aa
it

116
51
at

3
61
at
an
20

8

aa

18

aa
a
3
”

339

ia

It
51
at

^7
11
1
12
a la

a it
2 la
i

I

132

~

9

55

6

^aa
al
121
36
16

11

21

6

27

5

16

II
1

at
22

6

*

12

8

IK

at

3

21

Ia
16

In
in
in
1

la
i
19

at
26

6

Q7 AA- QO CA
OC#UU“ 77*Pu
8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0
70 sin— oo nn
I7#>J “ 77*UU
77 • DU O D
O U
/ r CA- 77# CA
7 a# ten — 07 nn
( O DU" 7D*UU
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0

10

23

2

1
1

16

23

19

oo nn
07«uU
9 4 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

31

53

qo nn—
inn nn
OCm UU—lUU #UU
c DU" 7DtUu
o?* c r . qc nn

7 o nn—
lA*UU"
7 3 .5 0 70. 507 1 .0 0 -

14

51
18

q

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL —— —
— — — — — — — —
— — — — — —
MANUFACTURING — — — — — — — — —
—
— — — — — —
K O rl A Ur A 1UK
C
I1 klUAKlIlC At, TIID l iN» —
N N IN
U
L
— —
—— —
— —
r 1KAMUC^ ■1 • ^
r f Il A /“ C
N IN
.i - j i
i

49

~

q 1 5U—IU5 aa
8 1 . CA.irtC .UU

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C
AtnAiu AAiiiCArnin l>ib — —— — — — — —
IN IN
U nAnJU At 1U fur
r
K
— — — — — — —

15

14

5

2C
10
10

14

-

7 a *^n
a a* nr
*_
8 5 .0 0

35

21

-

7 8 .5 0

Q
19

9
13

4

7

9

25

9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0

3 9 * 35
6

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSu AAiiiCArTim l(\|b — — — — — — —
HAIMUrAb 1UK r Kir — — — — — — — — —
—
kiru a A i 1IC Au 1UKlNu — — — — — — — —
K t
fN ixrl A U A m IDTUT — — — — — — —
U
IN
L L 1 CC A C TO
J in
l
AP\C — — — — — — —
XnULtaALt 1KAUt — — — — — — —

3

1 0 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

378

3

9 5 *nr
.0 0

87

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------A ANUr ACTHD inlb
J
n
n AklllC *r I UK YM
— —
— —
A K AM >CA THD TM — — — — — — — —
lD ili 1 r
T — —— — — — —
INUiNnAINUrAo 1UK 1»N
U
n ct AIL Tn Anc — — — — — — — —
A ri
K11
1KAUfc — — — —
— —
r lINAIiLt
AM
r TM /* c4 . ■
*
^— -*■*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B

9 4 .G
O

$
$
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

2I
I

33
26

an
30

9
3

9

134

71

8

ta
^4
10
25

aa
3I
22

K
K
in
14
33

aa
aa
33

a
12

82

118

43
11

cn
18

8

11

14

32

ana
Ilf
^aa

1 AQ
i ai
^an
30

l at
1 37
1

an
30

54

10

2

18

ia
1 la
a

4

13
28
79

9

J7

6

1
2

3
2
l

3k

1 52

74

1 Standard hours refle ct the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular and/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 The m ean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half r eceive le ss than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
6 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




10

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
[ standard)

TT j p r
Mean 23
1

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

70

$

70
and
|
1under

$

75

$

$

80

85

S

t

90

95

$

103

$

$

105

110

$

115

i

120

$

125

$

130

$

$

$

140

150

160

$

S

170

180

$

190

200
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110.

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

over

1
1

75

31
31

44
30

125
79

167
102

178
130

68
56

24
22

38
38

MEN
$

$

$

$

D R A F T SM E N,
C L A S S A ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

676
489

4 0 .0 168.00 168.50 1 5 8 .0 0 -1 7 6 .5 0
4 0 . C 169.50 170.00 1 5 8 .0 0 -1 7 9 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G --------------------------------N ONMANUF ACTURI NG --------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------

1,071
801
270
45

D R AF T S M E N , C L A S S C ----------------------------M A NU FAC TU RI NG --------------------------------N ONMANUF AC TURI NG ---------------------------

7C5
541
164

9 9 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 11.50 109.00
40 .0 113.50 110.50
9 8 • 5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
4 0 . G 105.50 1 C4. 00 1 U . 0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

D R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------

160
149

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

86 .0 0
8 6.50

85 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 92 .5 0

244
217

40. C 119.00
40. G 119.50

120.50
120.50

110. 5 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

4 0.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .C

141.50
140.50
143.50
147.00

141.50
141.50
141.00
145.00

1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
136. 5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

16
16

4
4

9
9

22
21
1
1

58
57
1
1

82
79
3
3

93
61
32
5

232
147
85
4

260
184
76
13

141
133
8
5

123
69
54
4

38
28
10
9

51
50
1

30
30

9
9

8
8

6
6

23
18

19
17

1
1
-

20
17

-

9
9

8
8
-

27
27
-

78
55
23

56
47
9

120
59
61

66
56
10

51
49
2

76
38
38

57
37
20

45
45
-

36
29

33
32

24
24

6
6

4
4

1
1

7
7

4
3

1
l

10
5

5
4

25
24

18
18

27
27

31
28

51
45

33
31

~
4
4
-

2
2

12
12

-

-

“

WOMEN

NURSES,
I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ----M A NU FAC TU RI NG ---------------------------------

1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




1
1

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1966)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 eamings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------N N ANUF ACTUR IN G -------------------CM
BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------FINANCE3----------------------------------

$
344
132
212

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
86. 00
8 1 .0 0

36
132

40. 0
4 0 .0

132
62
70

180
94
86

4 1 .C
3 9 .5
4 2 .5

3 9 .0
39 .5
3 8 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 2 .C C
7 8 .0 0

10 0.50
1 0 3 . OG
9 7.50

475
189
286
147

3 9 .5

58

39 .0

82
80
79
83

.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 9 .0
39. 5

11 5.50
11 8.50
11 1.00
1 1 8.00

123
54
129

40. C
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 2 2 . 50
9 6 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------RETAIL TRADE-----------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------

2,2 7 6
1,03 8
1,2 3 8
173
489

3 9 .5
39 .5

8 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
40 .0

8 2 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

2 30
217

39 .5

7 2 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C —
MANUFACTURING-----------N'JNM
ANUFAC TURING-----PUBL IC UT ILITIES2 —
WHOLESALE TRADE ---FINANCE 3--------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s

at end o f ta b le .




Weekly
eamings 1
(standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 0 6 .O
C
109.50
103.50
1 07.00

CLERKS, ORDER -----------MANUFACTURING-----NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE

165
64

37 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
38 .5
38 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

206
505
134

3 9 .C
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
39 .0

189

3 7 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

101
54
711

8 7 .0 0

587

39 .0

6 3 .5 0

199
388
41

3 9 .5
39 .0

6 8 . 50
6 1.0C

3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0

4 0 .C
3 8 .5

5 8 .5 0
6 1 .0 0

68
225

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS 1 ,106
42 9
677
608

CLERKS, PAYROLL-------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------RETAIL TRADE----------------------

938
603
335
106
84

3 9 .5
9 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 0 .5C
3 9 .5
9 1 .5 0
39. 5 1 0 1 .0 0
39 .0
8 6 .0 0

COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------

561
291
270
38
61
145

3 9 .5
8 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
8 2 .0 0
4 0 .0 109.00
3 9 .5
82. O
C
3 9 .0
7 6 .0 0

8 1 .0 0

39 .5
39. 5
3 9 .5

1,33 3
810
523
161

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING -----WHOLESALE TRADE ---FINANCE3--------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

9 6 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------F INANCE3----------------------------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANJF ACTURING-----FINANCE3--------------------

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE)------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----WHOLESALE TRADE --------

Occupation and industry division

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH O D ITTO )-----------R
MANUFACTURING------------------------

89
54

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------FINANCE 3--------------------------------

658
463
195
5C
83
56

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .C
3 8 .0

9 4 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -•
MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------

1 ,0 9 7
448
649
187
2C4
64
178

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.5
40. C
4C.C
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
66. O
C
74 .5 0

SECRETARIES45 -

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 eamings 1
( standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS B5—
MANUFACTURING --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ----WHOLESALE TRADE------FINANCE3-----------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS C5
MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING----PUBLIC UTIL ITIES2WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS D5----------------------MANUFACTUR ING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IES2------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------

$
856

442
414
65
103
164

40.
3 9 .5
3 8 .C

3 9 .5

112 .0 0

3 9 .5

491
113
61
226

3 9 .5
40. 0
40. 0

114.0
108.0
12 1.5
11 2.5

3 8 .5

to 3. sc-

941
472
469
65
71

3 9 .0
39. C
38 .5

102.5C

21C
2 ,01 6
1,009
1,00 7
341
187
328

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING--------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTIL IT IES2
FINANCE3-----------------

1 ,15 4
754
400
138
182
138

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
39 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0
38 .0
39 .5
39 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

39. C
39 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38.0

7 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
72 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
73 .0 0

SECRETARIES4 5-------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------RETAIL TRADE---------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------

3,6 5 2
2,0 8 3
1,569
284
283
116
648

3 9.0
39 .5
3 9 .C
4 0 .0
40. C
3 9.5
3 8 .0

1 1 1 .50
1 15.50
106.50
1 2 2 .5C
1 0 5 .5C
101.50
101. 00

SWITCH BOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------

636
332
304
136

4 0 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A5-----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------

344
200
144
28

3 9 .5
39.5
39. C
40. C

127. 50
127.00
1 2 8 .G
O
1 6 0 .5C

T ABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------

160
109
51

4 0 .0
39. 5

378
87
291

66
57

ga. sc
9 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
96. C
O
9 0 .0 0
87.CC
8 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
82. 5 C
7 5 .O
C
102.50
104.50
9 9 .O
C
106.00
9 4 .0 0

102.50
103.50
1 0 1 .O
C
4 0 .0 10 4 .0 0

624
252
372
60
8C
156

82
56
36

0
0
0
0

3 9 .5

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IES 2-------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------FINANCE3--------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------

1 1 7 .O
C
12 2. 50
111 .5 0
1 3 1 .5C
C
1 0 5 .O
C
107.50

1 ,34 5
854

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING---------NONMANUFACTURING ---PUBLIC UTILITIES2WHOLESALE TRADE FINANCE3------------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------------

3 9 .0
39. 5
39. C

39 .5

3 9.5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
39 .5
3 8 .0

7 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
74. 50
6 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

3 9 .5
39 .5
39. 5

8 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
82. O
C

3 9 .5

129.00
130.50
1 26.00

12

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Average
N ber
um
of
w
orkers

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

385

$
39* 5 106.00

69

™

t o * j?
101*00
3 *r
101.50
3 •

----^

—*

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
U A II1CATTIID INb
K
R
MANUrAL1UK T IP
K K AMl 1 AC•1ID TNb .
lH tMANUr A TUK 1K
C F
lP
NUNM
r r k amc c
i
rlNANUfc 3

Weekly W
eekly
hou 1 earnings 1
rs
(standard) (standard)

N ber
um
of
w er*
ork

W
eekly
W
eekly
h u 1 earnings 1
o rs
(standard) (standard)

1 e.
l i7 9

3
6

1 SA

3

9 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

f ff'tt
t ltff
.0 0
•

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
P M OA _ _
.C C l
UCIlL KAL
—— — _
— ——
u A Ur AU 1UK llNb
n uiiiCArnm rue
IN
Kirmy AKiiic atti m imt
(lunnAiTUr M 1UK Iii U
u

FIMAMTF3
5
4

-

132

3 8* 0

84*50
78 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

Occupation and industry division

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL ITIES 1
2------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------------

907
523
384
79
53
168

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------------------

2,536
1,202
1,334
265
70
677

3 9.5
39.5
39. C
3 9 .5
39.5
39. 0

$
9 1.00
9 2 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
85 .5 0
90 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9.5
38.5
4 0 .0
39.5
37.5

7 5 .0 0
7 8.50
7 1 .5 0
69 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

TABUL ATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
y A Ur A m UK I hir — — — — — — — — —
MAkiiic A 1in i Nb — —
N
C
— —————
NONMANUFACTURING —— — — — — — —
—
— —
—
rINANCt
" "
- - -« ^ _
l

Average
Num
ber
of

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

678
491

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

<
t
$
168.00
16 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2----------------------------

1 ,1 0 0
821
279
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40. 0

14 1 .0 0
140.00
14 3 .0 0
14 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

726
561
165

4 0.0 1 1 1 .50
4 0 . C 113.50
4 0 .0 105. 50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------

232
165

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)-----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

245
217

40. C 11 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 9 .5 0

8 4 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.
5 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




13

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1966)
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

1

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
2 .3 0

M“ 2
'

I

Median

$

^

Middle range 2

$

$

$
$
$
ii
$
$
t
$
$
*
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
>.20 4 .30 4 .4 0
2.40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2. 80 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3. 10 3. 20 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .80 3 .90 4.0C 4 .1 0 <

Under
$
and
and
2 .3 0 under
»•
2 .4 0 2.50 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .80 2.9C 3 .0 0 3 . 10 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3.5C 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .00 4 . 10 4.20 < 30 4.40 over

3 .4 3
3.41
3 .4 6

3 .2 5 - 3.80
3 .2 5 - 3.75
3 .3 0 - 4 .7 8

-

-

-

7

3.61
3.63
3.46

3 .6 4
3 .6 4
3 .6 9

3 .3 9 - 3.92
3 .4 1 - 3 .93
3 .0 7 - 3.85

-

15
15

_

“

12
12
~

306
217
89

3 .4 0
3 .6 4
2 .83

3 .4 4
3 .5 6
2 .5 9

3 .1 1 - 3.77
3 .2 4 - 3.91
2 .4 1 - 3 .3 7

3
3

18
18

16
16

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

305
275

3.16
3 .23

3.21
3 .2 9

2 .8 6 - 3 .4 7
2 .8 7 - 3 .49

13

16
16

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES-------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

913
893

2.7 3
2.7 4

2 .6 9
2 .6 9

2 .6 1 - 2.90
2 .6 1 - 2 .90

73
63

7
7

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING------------------------------

1,468
1 ,4 6 8

3 .55
3.55

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .2 3 - 3.95
3 .2 3 - 3.95

_

_

-

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

1,065
1,044

3 .5 2
3.52

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 .2 7 - 3.78
3 .2 8 - 3.81

-

_

_

-

~

~

”

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------------

796
281
515
36C

3.43
3.4 5
3.42
3.48

3 .4 5
3 .3 0
3 .4 7
3.51

3 .2 9 3 .2 4 3 .3 9 3 .4 1 -

3
3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE-----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

2 , 051
1,914
137

3 .4 7
3.46
3 .5 8

3 .4 6
3 .4 4
3 .7 2

3 .1 8 - 3.80
3 .1 8 - 3.81
3 .2 6 - 3 .79

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

1,1 3 0
1 ,130

3 .61
3 .6 1

3.7 8
3 .7 8

3 .4 2 - 3.91
3 .4 2 - 3 .91

-

OILERS -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

400
400

3 .02
3.02

3 .0 8
3 .0 8

2 .8 6 - 3.19
2 .8 6 - 3.19

1
1

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

311
211
100

3.36
3.49
3.07

3 .4 0
3 .4 9
2 .9 5

2 . 9 8 - 3.81
3 .2 5 - 3.82
2 .9 0 - 2.9 9

10

-

3

_

-

-

-

-

10

-

3

4

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

750
749

3.56
3 .56

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .3 5 - 3.85
3 .3 5 - 3.85

_

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

l

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

149
144

3 .6 8
3.70

3 .8 5
3 .8 5

3 .4 7 - 3.92
3 .4 9 - 3 .93

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1,9 7 8
1 ,9 7 8

3 .8 4
3.8 4

3 .90
3 .9 0

3 .6 3 - 4.11
3 .6 3 - 4.11

-

_

_

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

466
349
117

3.53
3 .4 4
3.78

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------

1,7 2 5
1 ,572
153

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY-------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

TOOL AN DIE M
O
AKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ 1
4
3
2

1
2
3
4

3 .56
3 .8 2
3.55
3 .5 7

_

7

-

-

4
4

14
14
-

31
15
16

31
30
1

12
7
5

37
37
-

64
64

101
51
50

12
12
-

21
21

17
16
1

50
50
-

17
17
-

7
7
-

2
2
-

“

-

30
30
-

41
41
-

78
45
33

51
47
4

117
112
5

94
93
1

170
170
“

186
186
“

160
141
19

100
97
3

209
137
72

204
204
-

85
85
-

8
8

7
7

1
1

2
2

4
4

13
10
3

37
35
2

22
22
-

15
10
5

21
21
~

35
19
16

21
20
1

10
10

15
15
-

17
17
-

*

1
1

-

14
14

56
53

26
20

7
7

19
13

16
16

4C
40

32
30

8
8

9
9

3
3

16
16

33
33

102
102

265
265

69
63

142
142

51
51

116
112

53
53

_

1
1

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

7
7

15
15

32
32

65
65

116
116

80
80

199
199

41
41

129
129

142
142

64
64

70
70

67
67

162
162

3
3

_

~

49
49

42
42

72
55

43
43

88
87

145
145

56
56

179
179

1C8
105

19
19

14
14

15
15

26
2
24

9
6
3
"

14
10
4
3

18
14
4
“

134
108
26
20

94
25
69
60

186
13
173
90

179
14
165
148

26
26
24

14
1
13
13

79
77
2
2

-

3
3
-

23
21
2

124
124

64
60
4

2 04
186
18

234
219
15

133
133
~

182
182
~

91
84
7

42
32
10

302
250
52

104
82
22

23
23

375
369
6

1
1

74
74

12
12

33
33

33
33

86
86

10
1C

207
2C7

25
25

62
62

30
30

248
248

283
283

23
23

_

17
17

34
34

58
58

36
36

97
97

56
56

27
27

4
4

_

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

4

3

-

-

8
3
5

66
12
54

2
2

25
25

25
24

9
9

37
35
2

17
17
-

5
2
3

14
14

3
2
2

20
20

35
35

24
24

12
12

48
48

85
85

91
91

62
61

52
52

5

_

“

1
1

2
2

18
18

6
6

47
47

120
120

99
99

1C2
102

-

1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

_

-

-

7
7
-

_

-

17
17

2

_

-

-

2

-

-

4
4

_

_

-

_

-

5
5

116
115
1

9
9
-

37
37

_
-

_

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Workers were distributed as follows:
1 at $4.50 to $4.60; 10 at $4.70 to $4.80; 2 at $4.90
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

-

4
4

13
13

_

_

-

-

l

8
8

45
45

to $5; 7 at $5 to $5.10; and 17 at $5.20 to $5.30.

-

-

?

37
3 37

-

2
-

17C
170
-

2
1
1

-

1
1
~

13
13
“

2
2
-

2
2

6
3
3

18
18
-

9
9

20
20

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

-

2 1C
21C

23
23

24
24

17
17

5
5

19 6
196

11
11

8
8

5
5

12
12

-

_
-

11
11
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

“

-

14
14

1
1
~
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

3
3

_

-

“

71
68
3

_

_

_

_

7

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

5

60
60

143
143

113
113

2
2

_

_

_

-

3
3

1
1

48
48

47
47

1
1

245
245

241
241

80
80

182
182

241
241

“

_

_

564
564

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

_

3
3

14

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d occ u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O hio, S ep tem b er 1966)

Number of workers

:eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

$

$

$

1.5 0

$
1.60

2.0 0

2.10

2.2 0

$
2.30

$
2.40

S
2.50

$
2 .60

$
2 .70

$
2.80

$
3.0 0

$
3.2C

$
3 .40

$
3.6C

$
3 .8 0

1.50

1 .6 0

1.70

1.80

1.90

2 .0 0

2 . 10 2 . 2 0

2.30

2.40

2 .50

2 .6 0

2 .70

2.80

3.00

3 .20

3.40

3.6 0

3 . 80

over

11
11

1

587

150

68

Hourly earnings'

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range 3

$
1.34

PASSE NGER

$

$

$

1 .40

09

Under
$

1.27

1 .2 3 1 .2 3 -

16

and
under

1.32
1.31

2.21

1.20

and

$

1.32

OPERATORS,

$
1 .40

$

1 .2 0

ELE V ATOR

$
1.30

1.30

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in du stry d ivision

Number
of
workers

1,85 8
072

^ .0 4

2.08
2.9 0

1 .4 7 2.62

7C1

2.96

3.03

2.76

27

2.96
3.14

1

13

31
19

3.23

34

1

1

j

31
25

31
23

80
75

79
74

65

149
119

257

10

231

176
168

14
14

**

17

22

46

57

37

106

223

168

14

-

-

-

310

10
10

10
10

1

20

53

18

2

8

5

14

GUARDS :

2

5

WATCHMEN:
34

19

104

14 8

132

4 72

Q9
_

10 2

1n q
1

393

9Q

n

”

2

H4.
PORTERS,

AND C L E A N E R S -------

2 .34

2 .53

1 .8 5 -

2.73

3, 909

2.25

2.31

1.9 1 -

2.70

1, 558

JANITORS,

1.81
2.55

1.87

1 .8 6

1
2
1
1
1

.4
.3
.6
.2
.3

2
4
9
7
2

-

1.99
2.77
2.39
1 .73
2.02

1 .7
2 .1
1.7
1.4
1 .7

1
1
1
1
1

.7
.9
.7
.3
.7

2
9
2
3
2

-

1.80
2.45
1.79
1.52
1.79

2 .3 5 -

3.14

10

25

9*t^""

^*-*9

"
10

"
25

44

97
27

78
30

Aft
68

3

3

(7
10

~
25

“
38

h
18

1r
1G

^7
17

l 29
9Q

18

54
21

91
21

7*99

1 A3
566
2 CAJ A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S
l W U C NI
l u nU N tM I —
^
^
u AlNUr AU m o liik i r
n Ahii i c a t l U K N b
— — - —
——
rui AJAfciiic a e t i io r Air*
INUninAINUr AL 1 U K l N b
n t T A T1 I f) An t
>
K Cl A I L T K A U c —— —————————— ——
C V t AAie 1-5
A
... . .
. .. .
r U iA litt —
1 A DU K t n o t H A 1 CO lT AL LA N L / LTK *
u AT t K A f
IIV
L ADHOCOC
r A K 1 l l IT
w
—
—————
II AKillC A rT l I D I Pi O
n AINUrAL 1 UK IMT
"
i i r u m akii i c a t 1 U K i b
INUINnAIMUr A r* t i id n lil r
——
nilQI 1C U I l 1 1 I t f
r u o L i r u T T1C T T I C o 4 —————————————
L u U o i i r: I K
Wi Hm Let c A L t r n A U t
n c l A I L r K A U t ———— — ——— ——
K t t a ri
I d a r\e
—
on n cK
c
i to c
UKUc o
r iIiL L t K o
u aaii i e A r U n t i i r
H fl P U r A b lm K l I M u
i
iinAiii l W Ur i r i i o r n|U
p U Nn f akiiic ACr1 UK i u r ———————— —— ——
—
—
WHOL ESA LE TRADE
n t l A I L r n An c
Kc T A i i
1K a U t

------------------------------------— ——

n at / c K o
c rul r n n r NC —— ——————————————
r A C iK c o c f
j
lr r Inr
u AKiiic A
HAINUr A lrlm n llMb —— —————— — ——— ——
UK t m r
—
k riK u am l i e A m1 i n nl i r
i
i
INUINnANUrAt UK l i b ———————————
—
u rlU t
ai t
Wu m L tfo A L c r n A U c — — ——————— ——
IK an t
r A C K C d c t o u rl n nri fl c i r
%
rn r
r a r is c K o
INb
U A kl l i C A r TlUKT Ai r
H AFNUrAC 1 I O I NO

f i.ir» ucki t
I m JM t PI J — ——————
——— ——— — ——————

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE —
———————— ————
R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------KlHKlM AKIIIC AT 1 UKt K /"*
1
NUINnAINUrAL TliO IiNu —— ————————————
u u m L t o aiL r- mKiA Uet
n
WHU rr A t I
—————— ———
RETAIL

TRADE

---------------------------------------------

c n r n Air n r n » / f
o u rl n r fllNvj C L t K I v o —.......... — ———————— ——
———
—
y API U r AC TiUK I MP
H AKillC AT 1 ID UMU
—————. ———————— —
—
—————————
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




2 * 277
1,9 5 8

1.53
1.71

1.79

870

1.72
1.40
1.78

5, 765

7*Iq
2,89
3 * 28
2 * 22
2.69

6
8
5
0
6

2.70

?* 7 Q i

1.46

^*959
1,13 9
651
1,92 0
752
1, 168
879

1,35 1
1,191

2 67
2.82

9 7 9
2,72
2,78
3,38

269

102
102

2
20 2
40

1

3.06
9
2,79

2,2

“

;o

_

15

tn
97
9 7
34

3#8*

2 15
2 .1 6 -

2 98
2.93
3*UO

9*^9_
2 *82“

-»*
9 « !f

2.60

8

28
7

148

9 9f
Z . 2 8t

2.69
2.75
2.26
2.28

790
548
242
173

1.91
1.99
1.71
1.81

1.85
1 .97
1.68
1 .81

1 .6 6 -

i A
18

2.20
1 .89

1 .6 4 -

2.69
2.76

2.76
2 .79

2 .3 6 2 .4 7 -

3 .08
3.14

2* 5 9
2 .54

2* 73
3.01

2 .1 4 - 3.02
2 .3 3 — 2.79
1 .9 0 - 3.24

2.74

2 .52
2 .2 6

271
137
90

1

999
233

695

96

-

-

-

-

in
1

9
2 .«5K
5

3
-

3

9

7

14
32

53
19
34
24

-

12
21
6

8

-

3

5

3

-

2

61

3

8

5

-

8

7

_

-

_

_

9A

in
10

9

^9 9

283
20

A

53

75

1

11

7
7

19
13
51
14
37
33

79

38
33

132
110
22
22

64
8
8

3

6
4

27
16

13

14
3

24
6

1*

2

4

1
1

1
3
13

-

99

1

12
1
11
10

38

1

29

17

28

13

233
203

212

202

619

148

5

62

30

253
236
17

167
35

10

3
2

22

9A

14

11
5

59 2
27
23

2

2

28

1
5

28

18

l
16
15

8

~
_

AA
46

28

_

1
1

2

99

7

1

:

A

8

11

9

452
404
48

437
252
185
35
145

188
1

53

09
1 82
8

72
8

_

1

333

53
56

12
26C

18

89

89

8

458
164
2 94
278
16

27 6
96
180
14
166

81
74

158
140
18
18

149
129
20
20

10 2
102

200
19 2
8
g

20
20

4
4

19
19

15
15

38
28

86
86

83

8 2
7
7

44
44
44

59

22
13

24
12
12

41
32

3

1

-

25

12
12

14
14

9

948

109

134
121
13
8

43
33

8

554

92

133
31
102
101
1

116
116

AA
L?
54

347

120

88
59
29
29

8^

pi
^7

33
1

368
248

36
16
20
20

12

17

3

178
34
25

187

79
1 87
1 ft7

72

18
10
1

18
2

8
322

1

60

2|

7„
in

1

98

19
13

2

AI
51

4n
0

59

184

2

2

* 89

90
29

3

z

9 f t3
28 7

*2
3

1 &3

88
13
8

11
11
2

8
8
2

15

2.8 8
2.63

91^

31

m i

8
93

46

42

1

-

1

8
8

12

3
-

* 87

258
179
79

10

1
2 .1 5 2 .0 9 -

288

1407

117

9

Z
In

91
1 A

8°

2.78

2.5 4
2 .33

-

2.1 0

659
383
147
117

37

24

8

6

2

1

9
2 .92 11 -

42

_

132

8
6

2 .13

1 .7 3 1 .5 1 -

2*89
2,78

51
30

2

48

28
15

2.52
3.18

66

94

30

25
~
25

50

39

1 .9 4 1 .9 8 -

2
2.5 3

31

9

10

9

792
72
720
612
~
108

*83
1 7

8

78
21
57
57

28
26

38

2

256
256

38
36

38
38

3
3

50
42

166
115

12
12

16
16

88
59
29
21
1

98
59

94
64

12
27

28

30

”

3

1

10
13
7
7

184

35
21
14
7

31

37

58

79

-

6
6

23
16

16

6

-

11

5
1

4
1

*

-

15
1A

3

32

4
3

20
20

3

20
3

7
7

1

-

1
1

3

3

15

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1966)
Hourly earnings 1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range3

$
$
$
$
$
1 .2 0 1 .30 1 .4 0 1 .50 1.60
Under
and
S
1.20 under

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
%
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1.90 2. 00 2 . 10 2 .2 0 2,.30 2 .40 2 .5 0 2.60 2 .7 3 2 .8 0 3 .00 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .60 3 .80
and

1.40

1.50

1

13

2

9

3

-

-

8

-

-

1

13

1

2

9

3

5
1
4

7
7
-

17
11
6
6

15
4
11
8

56
10
46
41

43
26
17
11

76
50
26
6

3
3
3
-

87
19
68
2
-

59
10
49
4
45

16
6
1C
2
1

53
40
13
3
6

91
56
35
19
2

56
42
14
14
-

310
194
116
8
4
12

389
148
241
142
99

1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1. 80 1 .9 0

o
o
<l
\

1.30

2. 10 2 . 20 2 .3 0 2..40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .80 over

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS--------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------WHOLESAL E TRADE---------------------------

2 89
135
154
79

$
2 .8 0
3.01
2.61
2 .8 3

$
2 .8 3
3 .0 4
2 .7 4
2 .7 6

$
2 .6 4 2 .8 1 2 .3 4 2 .7 1 -

$
3.09
3.18
2.91
2.88

TRUCKDRIVERS6 ----------------------------------------7
MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------5
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

3 ,5 3 5
832
2,703
1,719
47C
325

3.22
3 .03
3 .2 7
3.3 5
3 .21
3.32

3.41
3 .1 0
3 .4 2
3 .4 4
3 .3 8
3 .3 3

3 .1 3 2 .8 1 3 .2 7 3 .4 1 3 .2 5 3 .1 6 -

3 .4 6
3 .30
3 .47
3 .4 7
3.47
3.52

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5
-

_
-

3
3

12
12

15
5
10

"

-

“

~

~

3

6

10

12
8
4
4
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 -1 /2 TO N S)--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

390
156
234

2.7 3
2.88
2 .6 3

2 .7 8
2 .8 3
2 .6 9

2 .2 8 - 2.98
2 .5 8 - 3 .38
2 .2 5 - 2 .96

_
“

_
-

_
-

5
5

_
“

3
3

6
6

12
2
10

9
5
4

2
2

74
6
68

3
3

3
1
2

28
26
2

34
15
19

21
17
4

118
26
92

27
1C
17

6
4
2

7
7
“

32
32

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1—1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

1,304
260
1, C44
762
121

3 .23
2 .9 0
3.31
3 .3 3
3.2 0

3 .3 8
2 .8 6
3 .4 0
3 .4 2
3 .1 9

3 .1 5 2 .6 8 3 .2 9 3 .3 2 3 .1 3 -

3.45
3 .1 9
3 .45
3 .46
3.28

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

~

“

~

~

“

~

~

~

1
1
1
~

12
12
~

11
10
1
1
“

12
4
8
1
~

6
5
1
1
~

46
38
8
8
~

14
14
“

1C6
85
21
5
12

210
26
184
130
54

291
18
273
144
48

592
45
547
471
7

_
“

_
“

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E )----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE--------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------------

1 ,449
320
1,129
752
23C
147

3.35
3.23
3 .39
3.41
3 .2 7
3.46

3 .4 4
3 .2 2
3 .4 5
3 .4 5
3 .4 0
3.5 1

3 . 343 .1 1 3 .4 1 3 .4 2 3 .2 4 3 .3 7 -

3. 48
3.42
3.48
3.48
3 .49
3.56

18

_

_
-

-

~

_

-

-

18

7
7
-

61
61
-

100
82
18

1
1

16
16
-

18

-

-

_

-

-

18

206 1039
79
74
127 965
750
116
96
29
99

_
1

_

27
27

_

_

_

_

"

-

“

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E )------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

246
213

3 .24
3 .27

3 .43
3 .4 4

3 .1 3 - 3 .47
3 .2 8 - 3.48

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (FORKLIFT)--------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

2 ,3 5 4
1, 962
392
266
98

3.01
2 .9 9
3.11
3 .0 4
3 .23

3.10
3 .0 9
3 .1 4
3 .1 0
3 .2 5

2 .8 4 2 .7 7 3 .0 6 3 .0 4 3 .2 2 -

496
368

3 .15
3.3 0

3 .0 2
3 .1 4

8

-

“
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

2 .7 8 - 3.23
2 .8 8 - 3.51

TRUCKERS, POW
ER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

_

3 .17
3.17
3.22
3.15
3.28

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 4 at $ 3.80 to $4; 8 at $4 to $ 4 .2 0 ; and 47 at $ 4 .6 0 to $ 4 .8 0 .




4
4

1
-

8
8

36
22
14
14

23
23
-

144
144
-

70
70
-

172
164
8
8

78
77
1
1

2
2

4
4

_

1
1

4

17
9

120
5

14

1
1
“

6

542 1811
123
128
419 1683
157 1360
179 205
118
83

55
32
23
1
12
10

18
17
1
1

-

6
6

8
8
16
16
~

~

“
_

38
22

7
6

142
140

18
18

-

289 1157
2 79 913
10 244
9 235
9
1

309
198
111
87

18
14
4
“

4
4
“

42
42
“

33
32

32
32

5
5

7 59
59

94
94

125
125

16

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la ry 1

All
industries

Other inexperienced clerical workers
Nonmanufacturing

All
schedules

37V2

40

All
schedules

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing
All
industries

Based on standard weekly hdur s 3 of—
37 V2

Based on standard weekly hour s 3 of—
All
schedules

40

37V2

40

All
schedules

3 7Vz

40

Establishments studied-------------------------------------

297

141

XXX

XXX

156

XXX

XXX

297

141

XXX

XXX

156

XXX

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum—

143

85

8

75

58

10

40

166

94

11

82

72

11

53

_
6
9
3
12
12
26
12
19
17
6
3
1
4
2
6
3
1
1

_
1
3
2
5
4
14
11
13
11
5
2
1
2
1
6
2
1
1

_
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
_
-

_
5
6
1
7
8
12
1
6
6
1
1
2
1
-

_
1
2
3
1
3
-

_
5
4
1
5
5
7
3
4
1
1
2
1

1
11
11
5
15
19
28
16
16
18
6
2
1
5
1

1
1
3
4
6
8
16
11
11
14
5
1
1
2
1

1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
_
-

_
1
2
4
5
6
14
9
9
13
5
1
1
2
1

_
10
8
1
9
11
12
5
5
4
1
1
3
-

_
1
1
2
2
3
2
_
_
_
_

_
10
6
1
6
7
8
2
3
3
1
1
_
3
_

-

1
-

-

-

-

_
_
_

.

1
1

-

_
1
2
2
4
2
12
10
11
10
5
2
1
2
1
6
2
1
1

-

-

Establishments having no specified minimum —

81

35

XXX

XXX

46

XXX

Establishments which did not employ workers
in this category ------- --------------------- — ------- _

73

21

XXX

XXX

52

XXX

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

47.50
50.00
52.50
55.00
57.50
60.00
62.50
65.00
67.50
70.00
72.50
75.00
77.50
80.00
82.50
85.00
87.50
90.00
92.50
95.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 50.00 ________________ __
$ 52.50---------------------------- $ 55.00..................................
$ 5 7 .5 0_ ------ ----------------$ 60.00_____________________
$ 62.50-----------------------------$ 65.00--------------- __ --------$ 67.5 0_ ------ ---------- _ __
$ 70.00----- ----------------$ 72.50 ---- ---------------------$ 75.00-------------------------------$ 77.50_____________________
$ 80.00___________________
$ 82.50__ __________ _____
$ 85.00_____ _ ______ __
$ 87.50_____________________
$ 90.00 ___________ _ __ __
$ 92.50 ----------------------------------$ 95.00 __ ___ __________
$ 97.50 _______________________

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

6
3
1
1

5
2
1
1

-

5
2
1
1

-

-

-

XXX

82

35

XXX

XXX

47

XXX

XXX

XXX

49

12

XXX

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.




-

1
1
-




17

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Actually wo rking on—

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total-------------------------------------------------------------------------

95.9

86.9

22.5

6.9

With shift pay differential------------------------------------

95.0

86.1

22.4

6. 9

Uniform cents (per h our)------------------------------ -

62.0

52.1

15.1

5.0

5 cents _ — ------------------------------------------------6 cents - ____________ _____ ____________
7 ce n ts____________________________________ —
7 V2 cen ts___________________________________
8 cents - _______________ ____________ — —
8V4 cen ts------------------------------------------------------9 cents - --------------------------------------------------------10 cents— ___________________________________
1 1 cents ____ _________ __________________
12 cents ----------------- --------------------------------- 1 8 rents
...
.
14 rents
14Vz cents ------------------------------------------------------------- 15 cents ______________________________________________
16 cents __________________________________________ ___
17 cents- _ ______________________ ________ _
18 cents— ----------------------------------------------------1 9 cents --------------------- --------- -------- — ----------__
20 r e n t s _
_
2 1 V cents and o v e r ____________________________
2

8.1
2.7
2.7
1.2
12.0
.4
1.1
12.7
1.5
7.9
-

.4
.9
7.8
.5
.5

_
.6
1.3
-

.4
.5
9.2
1.1
16.7
.8
.2
-

1.5
.9
.7
.4
3.1
(2)
.4
2.5
.3
2.5

_
(1
2)
.1
(2)
.1
.8
-

(2)

2.4
.1
(2 )
.1
.2
.1
-

(2 )

-

_

1.1

.2
1.8
.2
.1
-

.7

1.5

.2

1.1

2.2

.1

.1

Uniform percentage ________________________________-

31.2

30.3

6.9

1.7

4 p e rcen t ___________________________________________
5 p e rcen t ----------- ------------------------------------------------6 V2 percen t --------------------------------------------------- -------7 p e rcen t _________________________________________
7 V percent —
2
--------------------------------------------------10 percent ____________ ______ _ _______ ______
15 percent ------------------------------------------------------------------

.7
18.1
2.1
-

13.1
1.1
1.6

.9

_

.3
.7
2.1

.2

.9

_

3.8

(2)

-

.1
.1

.4

9.3
.9

.8
25.5
.9

2.3
.2

.1
1.4
-

Other form al pay differential ____ ______________

1.7

3.7

.4

.2

With no shift pay d ifferential ---------------------------------- —

1.0

.8

.2

.1

-

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts, and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts
even though they were not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.

18

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s 1
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1966)

Plant workers
Weekly hours

A ll w orkers______________________________

A ll
industries 2

______

Under 35 h o u rs----------------------------------------------------35 hou rs---------------------------------- ---------------------------Over 35 and under 3 7 V2 hours---------------------------3 7 V h o u rs------------------------------------------------------------2
Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours---------------------------40 h o u rs----------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 45 hours-------------------------------45 h o u rs------------------------- --------------------------------------46 h o u rs__________________________________________
48 hou rs______________________________ __________
50 ho u rs__________________________________________
Over 50 h o u r s ___________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
6

Office workers

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

2

2

4
77
3
3
(6)
5
2
3

6
73
3
3
(6)
6
2
4

89
4
-

-

(6)

Retail
trade

100

All
industries 4

100

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

100

100

-

3
1
96
-

W holesale
trade

100

Retail
trade

Finance 5

100

100

6
10
85

13
7
37
6
36

2

6

2
79
5
3
6
6

3
93
2
-

3
1
16

2

76
1
-

(6)
14
1
84
1
-

3
4
93
(6)
-

-

-

-

-

Scheduled hours are the weekly hours which a majority of the full-tim e workers were expected to work, whether they were paid for at straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Less than 0. 5 percent.




19

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o i p ia n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 966)

Office workers

Plant workers
Item

A ll w orkers_______________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays------------------- ----- ------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays _ ______________________________

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

A ll
industries 3

Manu­
facturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

98

99

99

100

100

100

100

1

1

-

2

(5)

(5)

-

_
25
-

_
19
7
30
3
6
21
6

6
44
4
21
23
-

29
2
3
1
18
1
7
21
2
13
1
1
1
(5)

_
10
1
5
(5)
18
3
10
27
3
23

_
13
38
49
-

_
38
9
-

_
48
6
4
36
7
-

All
industries 1

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 1
2

100

100

98
2

1
16
2
4
(5)
24
2
8
20
2
17

_
4
1
6
(5)
25
3
11
19
3
25

-

-

-

-

-

1
(5)
-

1
(5)
"

-

9
-

-

_
(5)
2
29
60
63
94
95

_
_
44
44
73
73

_
9
15
42
44
74
81

99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 4

Number of days
L ess than 6 holidays______________ _____________
6 holidays ______ __ ________ ____ _______ __ ___ ______
6 holidays plus 1 half day------------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s---------------------------------6 holidays plus 3 half days
-----------------------------7 holidays ___________ ___________ _________________ _
7 holidays plus 1 half day ----------------- ----- -----7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s---------------------------------8 holidays _ _______________________________________
8 holidays plus 2 half days _ --------------------------9 holidays-------------- __ — ------- ------ — __ —
9 holidays plus 3 half days _ ______ ______ —
10 holidays________________________________________
10 holidays plus 2 half days
-------------- __ _ —
12 holidays--------------------------------------------------------------

-

29
44
-

-

-

-

-

(!>
(5)
-

“

2
-

-

_
68
(5)
5
8
4
3
4
5
1

_

-

_
2
9
41
41
54
62

_
7
7
46
52

1
6
9
14
18
18
23
32
32

-

12
14
19
7

-

Total holiday time 6
12 days___________________________________________ _
11 days or m ore--- --- ------- ----- ----------------- _
IOV2 days or m ore________________________________
10 days or m ore ____________ _______ ________
9 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------8 days or m ore _ ----------------- -------------- ------------7 V days or more
2
------- ---------_ -----7 days or m o r e _____
____ __________ __________
6 V2 days or more _
______
— __
_______
6 days or m ore _ ______
_ _____ ___
4 V2 days or more
------- --------------- __ ----------4 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------3 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------------------

_

0

(5)
2
21
49
52
80
81
97
98
98
98

0

10 0
10 0
10 0
10 0

_
-

_
23
23
44
48
92
94
96
98

(5)
1
2
3
18
46
48
69
70

(5)
1
27
63
66
89
90

99
99
99
99

99
99
99
99

0

-

_
49
49
87
87
10 0

100

100

10 0

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

10 0

Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5
L ess than 0.5 percent.
6 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 9 days includes those with 9 full days and
no half days, 8 full days and 2 half days, 7 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.
1

2

3




20

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v is i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1966)

Plant workers
Vacation policy

A ll workers________________________________________

A ll
industries

2

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

3

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

4

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

3

W holesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

10 0

100

10 0

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

91

88

100

10 0

10 0

10 0

100

8

10

1

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

_

5
29
25
3

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations____________________________________
Length - of -tim e payment______________________
Percentage payment___________________________
F lat-sum payment_____________________________
Other___________________________________________
Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations--------------- ------- --------------------------

97
3
-

98
2

-

99
(6)
-

99
(6)
-

3
43

3
54
9

-

Amount of vacation p ay 7
After

6

months of service

Under 1 week______________________________________
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s_______________________
2 w eek s____________
______________________________

18
7

24
5

1

1

(6)

1

(6)
76
5
17

(6)
74
7
15

1

11
11

"

9

_

21

6

2

-

-

12
1

(6)
13
13

1

2

53
11

-

11

-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week _____________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s________________________
2 w eek s____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________ ___
3 weeks

_

_

_

_
17

_

_
56
(6 )
44
-

_

_

-

4
4
92
-

-

-

-

75
-

4
96
_

4
_
96
_

-

-

-

1

2

1

98
-

_
3
93
4
-

10 0

99

-

1

_
3
93
4
-

10 0

1

60
40
-

91
9
-

2

2

-

-

-

46
14
36

51
19
24

45

2

1

2

6

66

91

91

2

2

-

2

1

2

3

18
9
73
-

-

2

3

9

2

2

78

84

1

1

2

3

12

88

After 2 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks________________________
2 w eeks______ ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s____________________________________________

2

54
-

32

4

3

19

After 3 years of service
1 week
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s________________________
2 w eek s________________ __________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s________________________
3 weeks
..
.

11

12

25
55

36
39
9
4

6

3

2

6

6

1

96
-

5
89
-

94
-

-

-

-

1
1

90
5
4

85
7
7

After 4 years of service
1 w e e k _____ ______________________________________ ,
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s_______________________
2 weeks
___
- _
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks________________________
3 w eek s____________ ______________________________

9
23
58
7
3

2

6

6

1

96
_

5
89
-

94
-

4

-

-

-

_

_

_

1

1

10

33
43
10

After 5 years of service
1 w e e k _______________ ___ __ __ _______ ___ ____ _____
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks________________________
2 w eek s________________ ___________
____________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks______________________
3 weeks .
..........
_
__

S ee fo o tn o te s




at en d o f ta b le ,

79
5
16

79
7
13

99
_
1

_
86

_
14

_
63
_
37

1

2

1

89
5
4

1

84
7

98
-

8

-

(6 )
82

(6)

1

_

82
18
-

71
29
-

77

2

2

16

21

_
98
2

_
91
9

_
_

_

_
_

_

-

_

_
_
10 0

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
99
_
1

_

_

_
59

90

41

8

_

1

5

21
Table B-5.

---Paid Vacations1 Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 966)

Office workers

Plant workers
Vacation policy

A ll
industries

2

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

3

Whole sale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries

4

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities

(6)
-

8

_
35
63
-

6

2

3

Whole sale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance

Amount of vacation p ay7— Continued

After 10 years of service

1 w e e k ______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s--------------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s________________________
3 w eek s___________________ _______________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________________

22

_
42

31
38
7

54
-

_
(6)
24
22

47
5
2

(6 )

1

2

1

_
23
9
55
13

_
15
80
5

(6)
33
5
54
4
4

_

_
14
81

(6)
28

22

9
55

_
42
3
48
4
3

_
18
77
5

_
59
41
"

42
3
48
4
3

18

54

After 12 years of service
w e e k ______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s------------------------------------2 w eek s________________ __________ ________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s________________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s________________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________________
1

_

_

(6 )
17
24
52
5

(6 )
14
34
43
7

2

1

_

6

10

59
8

-

5

57
5
4

31
67

6

2

_

_

(6)

8

8

(6 )
4
(6)
72
5
18

_
5
93
2

(6)

_
5

-

-

24

19

2

2

73

67

-

-

-

1

13

(6)
16

-

-

77

46

-

-

5

After 15 years of service
w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_____________________ _
3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s_____________________________________________
1

_
7

_
5

2

2

75
7
9

_

76

11

(6)
99
-

11

1

15

71

2

8

87
5

(6)
77
3

(6)
7
(6)
43
3
44
3

11

_
9
90

8

_
15
78
7

_
23

_
14

_
9

_
23
66

3

1
1

After 20 years of service
w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w eek s__________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s------------------------------------3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s------------------------------------4 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 4 weeks_______________________________________
1

_

_

_

_

_

7

5

(6)

8

6

2

2

-

-

-

41

26

10

1

41
7
40
3

39
3

73

42
7
30
13

46
-

46
2

2

(6 )
27

-

36

6

-

60

58

-

-

-

45
3

53

81

-

-

26

33

10

3

5

After 25 years of service
w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s________________________
3 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s________________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________________
Over 4 weeks_______________________________________
1

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le ,




_

_

_

7

5

(6)

1

20

_
6
-

-

21

27

1

-

-

2

21

_
8
-

2

63
5

3
66

4

99

59
13

58
9

(6)
7
(6)
27
(6)
62

4

(6)

_

1

5

(6)
18

3

1

-

73

92

6

-

_
23

_
14

-

-

25

23

-

49
3

_
_

9
64

-

-

63

26
1

5

22
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
----

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t an d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e l a n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 196 6)

Plant workers
Vacation policy

All
industries 1
2

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries 4

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 5

Amount of vacation p ay7— Continued

Maximum vacation available 8
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w eek s____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s_______________________
3 w eek s____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______________________
4 w eek s___________________________________________
Over 4 weeks_________________________ ____________

_
7
1
21
2
62
6

_
5
2
20
3
64
6

_
(6)

_
8
-

1
98
1

21
59
13

_
6
-

25
60
9

(6)
7
(6)
26
(6)
61
5

(6)
1
(6)
18
1
72

8

_
5
-

3
87
4

_
23
25
49
3

_
14
23
63

_
9
60
30
1

1
Includes basic plans only.
Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
service.
Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
6
L ess than 0.5 percent.
7
Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time b a sis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. For example, the changes
in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative.
Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay or more
after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.
8 Figures shown also indicate the provisions after 30 years of service.

of




23

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Plant workers
Type of benefit

Office workers

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

Life insurance-------------------------------------------------Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance--------------------------------------------------------Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both6 ---------------------------------------

99

99

100

95

98

97

98

65

70

57

69

53

60

66

94

97

79

97

85

77

Sickness and accident insurance-------------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)-----------------------------------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)------------------------------------------

87

96

33

83

73

47

6

3

26

14

7

54

5

2

29

7

9

Hospitalization insurance------------------------------Surgical insurance------------------------------------------Medical insurance------------------------------------------Catastrophe insurance------------------------------------Retirement pension-----------------------------------------No health, insurance, or pension plan---------

92
91
71
26
79
1

98
98
82
24
87
(7)

100
99
80
78
78

87
87
73
26
55
3

74
74
32
20
70

A ll w orkers----------------------

-----------------------------------

All
industries 1
2

Retail
trade

All
industries 4

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 5

100

100

100

97

97

97

96

57

80

30

47

84

72

81

84

62

62

13

59

61

16

67

34

40

24

53

5

(7)

35

4

21

(7)

88
87
71
57
79
1

95
94
78
52
89
1

96
96
92
90
69

74
74
64
49
47
(7)

60
63
25
37
81
1

87
82
58
66
83
(7)

Workers in establishments providing:

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer, except those legally required, such as workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
6 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of d a ys1 pay that can be expected by each employee.
Informal sick leave allowance determined on an individual basis are excluded.
7 Less than 0. 5 percent.




24

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

(Percent of plant and office workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing health insurance benefits
covering employees and their dependents, Cleveland, Ohio, September 1966)
Plant workers
Type of benefit, coverage, and financing 1

A ll w orkers-----------------------------------

-------------------

Workers in establishments providing:
Hospitalization insurance------------------------ _
Covering employees only-------------------------Employer financed -----------------------------Jointly financed-------------------------------------Covering employees and their
dependents ------------------------------------------Employer financed-------------------------------Jointly financed--------- -------------------------Employer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents— ___
Surgical insurance________________________ __
Covering employees on ly_________________
Employer financed -----------------------------Jointly financed_______________________
Covering employees and their
dependents_____ ________________________
Employer financed ___________________
Jointly financed _______________________
Employer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents ____
Medical insurance__________________________
Covering employees only-------------------------Employer financed-------------------------------Jointly financed________________________
Covering employees and their
dependents-----------------------------------------------Employer financed_____________________
Jointly financed_________________________
Employer financed for em ployees;
jointly financed for dependents-------Catastrophe insurance-----------------------------------Covering employees only-------------------------Employer financed -----------------------------Jointly financed_________________
__ _
Covering employees and their
dependents ______________________________
Employer financed------------------------------- Jointly financed________________________
Employer financed for employees;
jointly financed for dependents. ___

All
industries 1
2

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 3

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries 4

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilitie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W holesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 5

100

100

100

92
9
7
2

98
4
3
1

100
16
5
11

87
9
9
(6)

74
18
12
6

88
9
5
3

95
9
7
2

96
17
4
13

74
-

60
15
9
6

87
7
3
4

83
58
21

94
68
20

84
44
35

78
51
27

56
34
22

80
32
43

86
49
29

79
30
49

74
26
47

45
9
35

80
5
74

4

5

-

-

4

8

1

-

91
9
7
2

98
4
3
(6)

99
16
5
11

87
9
9
(6)

74
18
12
6

87
9
6
3

94
9
8
2

96
17
4
13

74
-

63
15
9
6

82
7
3
4

83
59
20

94
70
20

84
44
35

78
51
27

56
34
22

78
33
41

85
50
28

79
30
49

74
26
47

48
13
35

75
5
69

5

(6)

1

4

5

-

-

4

7

1

-

(6)

1

71
4
2
2

82
2
2
(6)

80
11
11

73
5
5
(6)

32
8
2
6

71
6
3
3

78
6
5
2

92
14
1
13

64
-

25
6
(6)
6

58
4
_
4

67
50
14

80
61
15

69
29
35

67
46
21

24
20
4

65
31
31

72
47
20

77
28
49

64
26
38

19
9
10

54
5
48

3

4

5

-

3

5

1

26
4
1
3

24
2
1
1

78
19
5
14

26
(6)

20
6

52
5
2
3

90
15
1
14

49
2
2

6

57
5
2
3

22
12
9

22
12
9

59
49
8

26
14
11

14
1
12

52
18
31

47
19
24

76
62
14

47
14
27

1

1

2

1

3

4

5

-

(6)

-

(6)

-

6

1

37
6
(6)
6

66
2
2

31
3
28

64
5
59

_

1

1
Includes plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An establishment was considered as providing benefits to employees for their
dependents if such coverage was available to at least a majority of those employees one would usually expect to have dependents, e.g., m arried men, even though they were less than a majority
of all plant or office workers.
The employer bears the entire cost of "em ployer financed" plans.
The employer and employee share the cost of "jo in tly financed" plans.
2
Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
6
Less than 0. 5 percent.




25

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime W ork

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y o v e r t i m e p r e m iu m p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C l e v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1 966)

Plant workers
Prem ium pay policy

All w orkers-------------------------------------------------------------

All
industries 1

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 1
2

Office workers
Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

All
industries 3

Manu­
facturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Finance 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

87

99

99

75

49

58

71

89

54

41

23

87

99

99

75

49

58

71

89

54

41

23

1
2
84

2

_
99

-

1
1
(6)
56

1

-

_
75

_
49

70

_
89

_
54

5
_
37

4
_
1
17

25

51

42

29

11

46

59

99

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

99

100

_
_

5
_
_
94

4
1
4
90

_

-

-

-

Daily overtime at prem ium rates
Workers in establishments having
provisions for daily overtime pay 5
at premium r a t e s -----------------------------------------------Time and on e-h a lf____________________________
Effective after:
7 hours-------------------------------------------------l x hours------------------------------------------------!z
73 hours_______________ _______________ _
/4
8 hours. ------------------------------- -------------Workers in establishments having no
provisions for daily overtime pay
at premium rates 7 ___________________________

2
94

13

-

Weekly overtime at prem ium rates
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for weekly overtim e pay 5
at premium r a t e s -----------------------------------------------Time and o n e-h a lf----- -----------------------------------Effective after:
35 hours
3 7 h o u rs-------------------------------------------- —
3 7 V h o u rs. __________________________
2
Over 3 7 V2 and under 40 hours---------40 h o u rs-------------------------------------------------44 hours --------------------------------------------48 h o u rs-------------------------------------------------Workers in establishments having no
provisions for weekly overtim e pay
at prem ium rates 7 ---------------------------------------------

99

100

100

100

97

99

100

100

100

97

2

_
100

1
96

2
-

-

2

2

95

96

_
100

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(6)

1
(6)
1
1
96
(6)

98

_
1
99

-

-

10 0
-

-

-

-

_
(6)

2

(6)

Includes data for real estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5
Includes workers in establishm ents covered by legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtime, even though such workers actually do not work overtime. Graduated provisions
for prem ium pay are classified under the first effective premium rate. For example, a plan calling for time and one-half after 8 and double time after 1 0 hours would be considered as time
and one-half after 8 hours.
Sim ilarly, a plan calling for no pay or pay at a regular rate after 35 hours and time and one-half after 40 hours would be considered as time and one-half after
40 hours.
6
Less than 0.5 percent.
7
Includes workers in establishments exempt from legislative requirements regarding premium pay for overtime and where, as a matter of policy, overtime is not worked.
1

2







Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau’ s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of the supervisor’ s position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite title of
secretary are not comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




27




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFI CE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entrv of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
29

30

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

31

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening anti distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

32

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

33

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’ s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a worik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

34

PROFESSI ONAL
DRAFTSMAN

A ND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Conti nue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P OWERPL ANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




35

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

36

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

37

TOOL AND DIE MAKER--Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

A ND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MO V E M E N T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

38

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for Incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 ^ tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1 V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ----

T h e seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, chem ists, engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen,
t r a c e r s , j o b an a l y s ts , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e i g h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS Bulletin 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and
50 cents a c o p y .

N at io na l
C lerical

Survey of P rofess ion a l, A d P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r c h 19&6.
M




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f t he l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r l i e r
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m t he S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S . G o v e r n m e n t
o r f r o m a n y o f t he B B S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o wn on t he i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Bul leti n n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , Ju ne 1966 1___________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1 --------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1_______________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F e b . 1966 1____________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1966 1 _________ __________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v . 1965 ________________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r —O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1-----B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1966 1______________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t . 196 5 1 _______________________ __________

1465 - 8 1 ,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465-53,
1 4 6 5 - 7 1,
1465 - 2 9 ,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1465-12,

25
30
25
25
20
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1965 ___________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1966 _________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1966 1__________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 __________________________
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1966 1
_______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - C a . , S e p t . 1966 1------------------------------C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ___________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y .—I n d . , M a r . 1966 1 -------------------------C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Se p t . 1966 1_______________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1965 _________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1965 ___________________________ _________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1 5 3 0 - 1 3,
1465-15,
1465-24,

25
20
25
25
25
30
30
25
30
25
25

R
D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
O c t . 1965 ______________________________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , Jan. 1966 1 ---------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1965 1 _________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . 1966 1 -----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1966 __________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g . 1966 1______________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1_____________________ . ________
_
H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u ne 1966 1 ________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , Ind. , D e c . 1965 1--------------------------------------------

1465-16,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
15 3 0 - 5 ,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1966 ______________________________
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , N o v . 1965 1-----------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1966 1 -----------L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g . 1966 1-------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —
Sant a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 1
______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , F e b . 1966 ___________________________
I
L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1966 1________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , A u g . 1966 1_____________________________
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1966 1 ----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1965 1___________________________________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju ne 1966 1 --------------------------

s t u d i e s , and t he p r i c e s o f the b u l l e t i n s is
P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 204,

Area

Bulletin number
and p r i c e

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ________________. _______________
_
Minneapolis—
St. P a u l , M i n n . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ________ . _________
_
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1966 1 ______
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1966 1 ______________
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , Jan. 1966 1 _____________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1966 _______________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , Ju ne 1 9 6 6 ___________________________________
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1966 1_________________________

1465-61,
1465-38,
1 4 6 5 - 7 2,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
25
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1530-6,

20 c e n t s
25 r e n t s

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , O c t . 1965 1 ___________________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n —P a s s ai c. , N . J . , M a y 1966 1 ____________
C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1965 1_______________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1966 1_________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 19 6 6 ___________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1965 1 _______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1966 1_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1966 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , S e p t . 1 9 6 6 -----------------------------------------------------R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1965 1 _________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1966 1 ___________________________________

1465-13,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1465-23,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25

c ents
c ents
ce nt s
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1530-7,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25
20
30
25

c ents
cents
c ents
ce nt s

20
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u i s , M o . —111., O c t . 1 9 6 5 _______________________________
Sal t L a k e C i t y , Ut ah, D e c . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
San A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u ne 1966 _______________________________
O
San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
S e p t . 1965 1 ____________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1965 -----------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sep t . 1 9 6 6 ------------------------------------------------S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1966 1___________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g . 1 9 6 6 ____________________________________
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t . 1965 1_______________________

1465-22,
1465-32,
1465-78,

25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
20 c e n t s

1465-20,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1 5 3 0 - 10,
1465-69,
1 5 3 0 - 3,
1465-9,

30
20
30
20
25
20
30

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1465-80,
15 3 0 - 1 ,

25
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465 - 5 9 ,
1465-51,
146 5 - 7 9 ,
15 3 0 - 4 ,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 6 ____________________________
S out h B e n d , I nd . , M a r . 1966 1__________________________ _____
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1966 __________________________________
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S e p t . I 9 6 0 1_______________
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 ______________________ ______
T r e n t o n , N . J . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C .—M d . — a . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ____________________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1966 1_____________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 5 _________ __________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , O c t . 1966 1_______________________________ _
_
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , Ju ne 1966 1_____________________ _______
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1_______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1965 1 __________________

1 5 3 0 - 12,
1465-55,
1465-75,
15 3 0 - 9 ,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1465 - 14,
1465-52,
1465-18,
1 5 3 0 - 1 1,
1465 - 8 3 ,
1465-40,
1465 - 2 5 ,

20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
2M c e n t 20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c c i ! ■
20 c e n t s
2 5 cents
25 cent.-,
2 5 Cm t 25 < - nts


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
Federal ReserveD ata o: of stablishm ent p ractices and su pplementary wage provisions are also presented.
Bank e St. Louis

ce nt s
cents
ce nt s
ce nt s
cents
ce nt s
c ents

cents
c ents
cents
c ents
ce nt s
c ents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102