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The Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Metropolitan Area
October 1966

MINNEHAHA

*s ioux

Falls

B u l l e tin N o . 1 5 3 0 - 1 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

Area Wage Survey
The Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Metropolitan Area




October 1966

Bulletin No. 1530-12
December 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TIST IC S

Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f ann ual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d d a t a b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is the
n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y
o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c t u r e
and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

T a b les:
1.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _________________________________________________________

A pp end ix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________




areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la t io n s
(Se e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

are available

for other

U n i o n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the S io u x F a l l s a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d
building tr a d e s .

2

3
3

lO

O ccu pa tion a l earnings: *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — e n
m
and w o m e n ______________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________
A - 4 . M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _
_

E i g h t y - s i x a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
program .
I n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l ­
l e c t e d a n n u a l l y in e a c h a r e a .
I n fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t
p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is o b t a in e d
b i e n n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , in O c t o b e r 1966.
The S ta nda rd
M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f
the B u d g e t t h r o u g h A p r i l 1 9 6 6, c o n s i s t s o f M in n e h a h a
County.
T h is s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l
o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111. , A d o l p h O. B e r g e r , D i r e c t o r ; b y
L e o n a r d O l s o n , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f K e n n e th T h o r s t e n .
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f W o o d r o w C.
L i n n , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l
R e la tion s.

1

^

A t the e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d iv id u a l a r e a
b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u ll e t in s f o r
a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d i e d in to o n e b u l l e t i n .
The s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s and
the U n i t e d S t a t e s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________

6




Area Wage Survey---The Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 86 in w h i c h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u of L a b o r S t a tis tic s c o n d u cts su rv ey s of o c cu p a t io n a l e a rn in gs
and r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e sh o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , - and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
W here w eek ly hours are
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the s t a n d ­
a rd w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r
o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s
f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h is b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n o b t a i n e d l a r g e l y by m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the la s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r stu dy. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u su a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , da ta a r e o b t a in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jor
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablish m en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a re o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n s stu die d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m ates.
Industries
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in pa y l e v e l and jo b
s ta f fin g and, th u s, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e pa y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ithin
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
pa id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ithin the
s a m e su rv e y job d e s c r i p t i o n .
Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e u s e d
in in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a in o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n i n g the da ta,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n th e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t .
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o t a l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the stu dy and not the n u m b e r a c ­
t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n l y to in d i c a t e
the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s tu d ie d . T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u ­
p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n ­
in g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w ­
ing t y p e s : ( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; ( Z) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ; (3) m a i n ­
t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t . O c ­
c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f j o b d e s c r i p t i o n s
d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in d u t ie s w ith in
the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e l i s t e d and d e ­
s c r i b e d in the a p p e n d i x . T h e e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e
f o r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the o c c u p a t i o n s
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s ,
a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y ­
m e n t in the o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n ough da ta to m e r i t
p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (Z) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t da ta .




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a t i o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in th is
bulletin.
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e t a b u la t io n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x ­
p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y
h o u r s ; pa id h o l i d a y s ; pa id v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p la n s
a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s
f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s t u d ie d in S io u x F a l l s ,
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 O c t o b e r 1966

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st ud y

Industry d iv ision

N u m ber of establishm ents

W it hi n s c o p e o f s t u d y 4
Stu die d

Studied
Number

Percent

61

61

10,000

100

10,000

50
-

16
45

16
45

5 ,0 0 0
5 ,0 0 0

50
50

5,000
5 ,000

50
50
50
50
50

12
7
17
6
3

12
7
17
6
3

19
6
18
5
2

1,

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and
o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 5 -------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 -------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ------ ------------------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6 ----------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

1
Wi th in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

S. D ak . , 1

1,900
600
1, 800
500
200

900

600
1, 800
500
200

1 T h e Sio ux F a l l s S t a n d a rd M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t t h ro u g h A p r i l 196 6, c o n s i s t s o f M i n n e h a h a
County.
T he " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in this ta b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n
o f the l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in the s u r v e y .
Th e e s t i m a t e s a r e not i n te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t
i n d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( I) pl a n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d
c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f the p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , and (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T he 19 57 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f the S t a n d a rd I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and the 196 3 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
by i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s all e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s as trade1, f i n a n c e , auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s are- c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a ll w o r k e r s in ail e s t a b l i s h m e n t s with t o t al e m p l o y m e n t (w i th in the a re a ) at o r a b o v e the m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " and " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
Separate presentation
o f da ta f o r this d i v i s i o n is not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m p l o y m e n t in the d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) the s a m p l e w a s not d e s i g n e d i n it ia l ly to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s hi p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g i n e e r i n g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

O n e - h a l f o f the w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in S iou x F a l l s w e r e e m p l o y e d
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o l l o w i n g t abl e p r e s e n t s the m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c
i n d u s t r i e s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
Industry groups

Specific in dustries

F o o d p r o d u c t s _____________________ 80
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____ 7
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 5

M e a t p r o d u c t s ______________________ 66
F abricated structural m etal
p r o d u c t s __________________________ 7
D a i r y p r o d u c t s ____________________ 6

T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is b a s e d o n e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p i l e d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n the r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y as s h o w n in t a bl e 1 a b o v e .

3
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A ver age st ra igh t- tim e w e e k l y ho ur s and earni ngs fo r se l e ct e d occ up a tio ns studied on an a re a b as is
by indust ry di vis io n, Sioux F a l ls , S. Dak., O ct o b e r 1966)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Sex, occ up a tio n,

and indu str y di v is i o n

Number
of
workers

Nu mb er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g straight -t im e w e e k l y earni ngs of—
$

Average
weekly

( standard)

$
45

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
50

60

$

$

$

$
55

65

7'.

$

$

$
75

8n

95

$
90

$
95

$
ICO

$
105

no

$

$
115

$

S
120

125

$

6C

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

120

125

130

ns

1

55

2

6

2

140

145

-

under
50

$
135

and

-

and

141

145

ove r

M
EN
CLASS A --------------

25

40.0

890KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATUR S,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------Mn KMAM 1 AC l UK 1< U _ —
j
i C
NUI\ "fll\Ur Af'TllD IMP
N
|

23
la

4C . 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 3 -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

79
19
60
15

40. 0
40.0
40.:
40.0

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING*

$,
$
118.00 126.00

$
$
9 9 . 0 0 - 134.00

1

W
OMEN

CLERKS,

FILE,

61.50

59.50

5 6 .0 3 - 69.00
t)t>. a J.a

-

62.00
65.00
61.00
69.00

5 6 . 5 0 - 72.00
5 9 . n o - 9 5 . CO
5 6 . CO- 7 0 . 5 0
6 3. 5 0- 74.00

1

*5
6 6 . 5C
73.00
6 4. 50
69.00

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2
1

2
1
1

1
1
-

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3
2

_

2
1

1
1

-

2
1

2
2

4
4

1

1

5

3

1

-

21
4
17
1

14
4
10
3

1
1
6
4

10
?
8
4

2
1
1
-

_
-

1
1
1

2
1
1
*

4

9

13
2
11
1

1

1

CLASS B ---------------------------

18

40.0

64.00

62.00

59.59 — 64.50

-

2

3

10

1

1

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------N 3h ju AMl 1C Ar T UK TMr
L i t
iNul\l!*lfliNUrAt I 1lO INu
““—
_

22
15

40.0
4c . ^

68.00
62.00

65.50
62 •r'v

5 9.5 05 7. 5u -

81.00
66.50

-

2
2

4

5

5

5

3

-

1
1

-

5

SECR ET ARI ES------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

26
16

39.5
39.5

9 4. 00
9 6 . 00

88.50
87.50

7 9 . 5 0 - 10 6 . ' "
7 7 . n o - 117.50

_

_

_

_

2
1

2
2

3
3

3
2

“

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I ES 3 - —
------------------ ----------

36
22
64
28

40.0
4 0 . r‘
4'" . 9
40. 0

69.50
77.00
6 7 . GO
73.00

64.50
77.00
63.00
74.00

58 . 5 0 - 7 8 . 0 0
6 3 . 5 3 - 9 3 . CO
5 7 . 0 0 - 75. CO
6 5 .5 0 - 80.00

_

19
7
12
2

5
2
3
3

9

10
4
6

3

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

30
19

40. 0
40.0

98. GO 1 0 0 . 5 0
99.5 0 109.90

8 8 . 0 3 - 108.50
9 0 . GO- 1 1 0 . 0 0

_

1
1

2

Sw ITCHBOARO OP ER ATUR-RECEPTI ON I STS-

15

40. C

6 7 . or

61.59

57.

TYPISTS,

45

40.0

64.50

56.50

5 0.5

CLASS 8

-------------------------------------------------

on C-

4
-

10

-

-

-

1C
3

_

_

-

16
1
15
-

-

_

-

-

9
6

6
_

82.50

1

1

5

3

1

-

-

71 . 0 0

10

12

3

7

2

3

2

5

3
2

5
2
3
2

3
2
1

3
1

3
3

4
4

2

1

-

-

1

-

-

~

1
-

1
1

2

~

_

-

1

1

1
6
3

2
1

2
2

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

3

1

1
1

-

-

-

1

4
2

*

_

1 Standard h o ur s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r which e m p l o y e e s r ec e iv e the ir re g ul ar st r a i g h t - t im e sa la ri e s (e x cl u si v e of pay fo r o v e r t i m e at re g u l ar a n d / o r p r e m i u m ra te s) , and the earni ngs c o r r e s p o n d
to t hes e w e e k l y h o u r s.
2 The m e a n is co m p u t e d f o r e a ch j o b b y totaling the ea rnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing b y the nu m b e r of w o r k e r s .
The m e di an de si gn at es po s it i on — half of the e m p l o y e e s su r v ey ed re c e iv e m o r e
than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e le s s than the rate shown. The mid dle ra nge is defined by 2 ra te s of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r of these rate s and a fourth earn m o r e than the
hi gh er rate.
3 T ra n sp o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and other public utilities.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
S a la ri e s of p r o f e s s i o n a l and te ch ni ca l w o r k e r s ar e om itted
f r o m this re p o rt .
Data do not m e e t publ icat ion c r it e r ia .

4
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y hour s and e ar ni ngs fo r s e l e c t e d occupa tio ns studied on an a rea b as is
by in dustry div isi on, Sioux F a l ls , S. Dak., O ct o b e r 1966)
Average
O ccu p a tion and in du stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings 2
(standard) (standard)

B O O K K EE P IN G -M A CH IN E O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS B
----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - -------------------------- —

23
18

4 0 .9
40. 0

$
6 1 .5 0
5 9 . 5C

CLERKS*
A C CO U N TIN G *
CLASS A
—------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ——---------- —-------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
——-------- -------- ——--------

39
16
23

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 . ..

1 0 8 . CC
113. c :
1 0 4 .Co

CLE R KS*
ACCOUNT I N G * C L A S S R -------------------A AM 1 v J f t l 1 K l IN v>
4
M A l N 1C rA CtT U IO I M T ———-----------———-------------------- —

91

4 0 . 0

N ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G —--------———--------------——
m i n i t r* i i t i i t t f r* c 3 . .
FURL 1l U l i L l l l t b
—— ----------------------------

70

n

Average

Average

7 1 .0 0

Number
of
workers

O c cu p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Weekly
(standard)

ri c o i c
LrLcKf /\S*
r/ L c r >i/ c i
1 i l KI\o

clL c
r tic

t

7 L a cjc
~
Ui A o

u
D

---- -- -- ----------—-----——

(\n n c n
U K Ul K

————

l / c t D iJlH i r n Mr t r \ A | u fD C i
A C V r f U u DDCD A T H \ j
Nii lK M AINlUr A L T lUIQ I Mu
AMI 1C AT 1 K l i P

C\ A j j
L L A CC

P
n

18

—

40 .0

16

_ _ _ _ _ ——
— ————
—
_
™ _ _ _ _ __ _ —

40. C

T z''
40. ,

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)
$
64 .0 0

O ccu p a tion and in d u stry d iv is io n

r T C A iJn r n A r lu t K c * b t N trK A L
r rm n a t
j 1 rlN u K A n i r n o
———————————
J AhlllC ATTIIO i IN U
U
nlA l N U r A L 1 U K 1m p ——————————————————
m riM a a m U r a L 1 K r m n
......
IvUINrli AIN ii c A r t iUir> INI* — —————————————
0 UIQI i L
T 1l
r 1 l U T r I I T I1IL 1 T t ct rj ^
U I
-----------—— —————

8 5 .5 0
68

Number
of

tn * ~
An*r

/ f
9«

o. .

r It c m' In' J u naAnr u r K c f
rn
S rt
nt n j

6 2 .0 0

r r mI U K
t /->r>
S t

..... .
———— ————— —— ——

30
19

o
* * '

c ui lt lt L u oaU A H U h d c d A t U o — K c r t c d t t Ui N l j t o "
r n n ad n U r C K a I h K “ d t t cr 1 l t m f c 1
jw

15

O
40. •

6 7 . n ,r
.

45

n

5n

N QN M A N U F A C T U R I N C
c C L K t t AK r l c
o r r n r 1 an l r o
M l U NlUA I N U r A L T IU D l I M lC
( N OK n A Ml iC A C 1 I K l N )

.........
----------

1A
16

--------™

3 9.5

9 4 . CC
9 6 . Ou

r1 A i c
L L r tcl j

r
O

*

40* ~

( A ve r a g e st r a i g h t - t im e ho ur ly earni ngs f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d occupa tio ns studied on an a rea b as is
by in dustry di v is io n, Sioux F a l ls , S. Dak., O cto b er 1966)
Hourly earnings

1
3
2

/
\

AUTOMOTIVE

U TIl I n MA L l 1 — — . — — — — — — — —
A N
fcl
nA 1 K rc INR CC / — —. — . — — — — — — —
iN
NUNMANUF ACTURI NC
.
.........
mmi r r n 1 IL i 1 r t r
rUDLIL Ur n 1 t 1 t J ^ — — — — — —
— — —

42
28
27

$
2 .8 7
2 .7 7
2 .7 6

Median 2

$
2 .8 2
2.83
2.83

Middle range 2

$
2 .6 7 2 .6 6 2 .6 6 -

$
2 .9 0
2 .8 8
2.8 7

i

2 .1 0

Nu mb er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g st r ai gh t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs of---$
*
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 . 2 9 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 .5 0 2.6C 2. 70 2. 80 2. 90 3 . 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0

3 .6 9

2 .1 0

MECHANI CS,

$

2 .0 0
M ean2

2 . 2(

2. 30 2 . 4 0

3 .7 0

3
3
3

-

and
under

-

2 .5 0

-

1 Ex cl ud es p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o rk on we e ke nd s, ho lid a y s, and late shifts.
2 F o r definition of t e r m s , se e footno te 2, table A - l .
3 Tr a ns po r t at io n, co m m u n i ca t io n , and other public utilities.

2.60

1
—
-

-

2 .7 0

- 1 0
7
7

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

4 1 5
- 1 5
15

3.0 0

-

3. 13 3 . 20 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0

-

1
1

-

3 .5 0

2
2

3 .6 0

-

'
-

98

or

9 9 .5 0

and the ea rn in gs

ra t es )

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations

Occ upa tio n and ind ust ry di vis io n

$
6 9 .5 0
7 7 . CO
6 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

fI Y P 11 j T c ti
Tr ^ I j

i 5
l -

7 0 . CC

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

CO

1 S a la ri e s of p r o f e s s i o n a l and te ch ni ca l w o r k e r s are o m itt ed f r o m this rep ort .
2 Standard hour s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r whic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e their reg ul ar st r a i g h t - t im e s a la r i e s (e x cl us iv e of pay t o r o v e rt i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m
c o r r e s p o n d to the se w ee k l y hou rs .
3 T ra n sp or t at i o n , c o m m u n i ca t io n , and ot her publ ic utilities.




Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

6
-

5
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A ve r ag e st r ai gh t -t im e h ou r ly earni ngs f o r s e l e c t e d o cc up a tio ns studied on an a re a b as is
by indust ry di vis io n, Sioux F a l ls , S. Dak., O c t o b e r 1966)
Hourb

O cc up at ion

and in dus tr y di v is i o n

Nu mb er of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in gs of—

$

Number
of
3
2
1
Me a >

Median

1

I

1 .4 0

$
1 .9 4
2.29
1.79

$

142
115
27

2.49
2 .5 6
2.20

2.6 2
2 .3 6

2 .2 8 2 .3 1 1 .7 9 -

2 .8 3
2.8 4
2.58

1R0ER
FI LLERS MANUFACTUR ING

45
?5

2.2 9
2 .54

2.3 4
2 .4 9

1 .8 8 2 .2 5 -

TRUCK DRI VFRS 4 ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NCNM4NUF ACTURI NG

93
30
63

2.6 7
2.7 6
2 .6 4

2.83
2.6 7
2 .8 5

2 .4 4 2 .3 8 -

3 .0 5
3.13

2.44-

3.04

2 .8 7
2.84

2 .8 1 2 .7 9 -

TRUC KOR I V E R S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I NCLUDI NG 4 TONS) ----------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------TRUC KOR I V E R S , HEAVY ( OVER
TR A I LE R T Y P E ) -----------

1
2
3
4

39
26

2.88
2 .8 1

2.66

3

3

-

-

3

3

$

$

$

$

$

*

1 .5 0

2.3 0 2 .4 :

1 .60

1.7 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0 2 .3 0

2 .4 ^

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2.10

2
2

3
2
1
3

1
2

5
3
2

5
3
2

1
1

3
l

-

2

6
1
5

4
1
3

1
1

1
1

6
1

7

5
5
-

3

7
7
-

9

10
1
9

1

1

6
6

l
1
1
1

2

1

2
1

1

1

4

6
6
-

6
6
1

4

1

5
5

2
2

2 .5

$

$

2.6 0 2 .7 0

$

2 .8 0 2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .1 0

3.20

3 .3 0 3 .4 0

2 .7 0

2.90

3.1C

3.20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4

5
5
-

1
1
-

7
7

2
2
-

1
1

16
7
9

7
7
-

5
4

27
24
3

7

6

$

2.80

4
3
1

1

3

9
8

- 1
2
2

$

$

3 .0 0

4

4
-

5
5
-

$

$

3.5 0

10
10

1
1

-

49
48

1

4
4

6

3

2

$

2 .5 0

2.60

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

_

8
8
4
4

4
4

15
15

15
15

25
6

19

-

6
-

-

4

4

4 TONS,

Data li m it ed to m e n w o r k e r s .
E x cl u d es p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w ee ke nd s, h ol id a y s, and late shifts.
F o r d ef in it io n of t e r m s , s e e footnote 2, table A - l .
Inclu des a ll d r i v e r s , as de fi ne d , r e g a r d l e s s of si ze and type of truc k o pe ra te d .




$

1.90 2.00

3 .09
2 .8 9

LABORERS , MATERI AL HANDLI NG
MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

$

1 . 7 8 - 2 .8 4
1 . 4 4 - 2.19

$

1 . 6 0 1 . 7 0 1 .8 0

2 .6 4
2 .9 3

J A N I T O R S . PORTERS , AND C L E A N E R S -----MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

00
ir\

$
2.0 2
2 .3 1
1 .7 7

$

1.50

T a
T
1
Under
$
and
l •30 under

M
iddb

$

19

l

5
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability o f occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes.
In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge o f and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections o f a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

6

7

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc.
May
also file this m aterial.
May keep records of various types in con ­
junction with the files.
May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master.
May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, colla te, and staple com pleted material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the follow ing:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

8
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisors files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate office r," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the
company that employes, in all,

chairman o f the board or president o f a
over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or

b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the
company that employs, in all,

chairman o f the board or president o f
fewer than 100 persons; or

a

b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

9

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records' etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums', letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, over 5, O X
C)
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

10
SWITCHBOARD OPERA TOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training o f new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the follow ing: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves com bining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
To maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the follow ing: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

11

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall -sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL <REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personneT

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of w ood in an establishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




12
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment.
Work
involves most o f the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption.
May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions.
May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
e quipme nt.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

13
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the millwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

14
SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

15
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer ca p a c ity .)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 V2 tons)
medium (1 Vz to an<^ including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t -----

The seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a cco u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s ,
attorneys, c h e m ists, en gin eers, engineering technicians, d raftsm en ,
t r a c e r s , job analysts, d ir e c t o r s o f person n el, m anagers of o ffic e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , fr e ig h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1535,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , a nd
50 c e n t s a c o p y .

National
Clerical

Survey of P r o fe s s io n a l, A d ­
Pay,
F e b r u a r y — a r c h 19^5.
M

Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f t he l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y i ndi cat ing dates of e a r l i e r
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t
o r f r o m any o f t he B P S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o wn on the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

Area

Bul leti n n u m b e r
and p r i c e

Bulletin number
and p r i c e

1 4 6 5-6 1 ,
14 6 5-3 8 ,
1 4 65-72,
1 4 6 5-5 0 ,
14 6 5-3 7 ,
1 4 6 5-4 7 ,
1 4 6 5-8 2 ,

20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
20cents
40 cents

1465-77,
15 3 0 -6 ,

20cents
25cents

25c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s

O m ah a, N e b r . - I o w a , O ct . 1965 1 _________________________
P a te r son— lif to n —
C
Pas s aic , N.J., May 1966 1 __ _________
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—
N.J., Nov. 1965 1______________________
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M ar. 1966 1______________________________
P it ts b u rg h , P a . , Jan. 1966________________________________
P o r tla n d , Main e, Nov. 1965 1 _____________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , May 1966 1______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w tu cke t— a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s . ,
W
May 1966 ___________________________________________________
R a le ig h , N .C ., wSept. 19 66_________________________________
R ic h m o n d , Va., Nov. 1965 1 ---------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., May 1966 1 ________________________________

14 6 5-1 3 ,
1 4 6 5-7 6 ,
1 4 6 5-3 5 ,
1 4 65-62,
1 4 65-46,
1 4 6 5-23,
1 4 6 5 -7 3 ,

25cents
25cents
35cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

14 6 5-6 5 ,
15 3 0 -7 ,
14 6 5-2 8 ,
14 6 5-6 6 ,

25cents
20cents
30cents
25cents

20 c e n t s
25c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

St. L o u is , M o .—
111., Oct. 1965_____________________________
Salt Lake C it y, Utah, D e c . 1965__________________________
San A n ton io , T e x . , June 1966 -------------------------------------------San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r s id e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
Sept. 1965 1 ________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1965 _____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1_____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1966______________________________
Savannah, G a., May 1966 1________________________________
S cra n to n , P a . , Aug. 1966_____________________ ____________
Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a sh ., O ct. 1965 1_____________________

14 6 5-2 2 ,
1 4 6 5-3 2 ,
1 4 6 5-7 8 ,

25cents
20cents
20cents

14 6 5-2 0 ,
1 4 6 5-21,
1 4 6 5-4 3 ,
15 30- 10,
1 4 6 5-69,
1530- 3,
14 6 5-9 ,

30cents
20cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
30cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1465-80,
1 5 3 0 - 1,

25 c e n t s Sioux F a l l s , S. D ak., O ct. 1966___________________________
20 c e n t s South Bend, Ind., M a r. 1966 1_______ _____________________
30 c e n t s Spokane, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
St. P e t e r s b u r g , Fla . , Sept. 19 66 1______________
25 c e n t s Ta m p a —
25c e n t s T o l e d o , Ohio—M ic h ., F e b . 1966___________________________

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30 c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
25c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c e n t s

15 30- 12,
14 6 5-5 5 ,
1 4 6 5-7 5 ,
15 3 0 -9 ,
1 4 6 5-4 9 ,
1 4 65-34,
1 4 6 5-14,
1 4 6 5-52,
14 6 5-1 8 ,
15 30- 1 L
1 4 6 5-8 3 ,
1 4 6 5-40,
14 6 5-2 5 ,

20cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25 cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

1 4 6 5 - 8 1,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25 c e n t s

1465-53,
1465-71,
1465 - 2 9 ,
1465 - 6 3 ,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1465-12,

25c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25c e n t s
25c e n t s
20 c e n t s
25c e n t s
30c e n t s

B u f f a l o , N . Y . , D e c . 1965 ___________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r . 1966 ________________________________
C a n t o n , O h i o , A p r . 1966 1---------------------------------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1966 1 --------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , A p r . 1966 1
_______________________________
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , S e p t . 1966 1____________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 __________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —Ind. , M a r . 1966 1 -------------------------C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 1965 ________________________________
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1965 ________________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v . 1965 ____________________________________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1530-8,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1465-8,
1465-15,
1465-24,

D a v e n p o r t — o c k Is l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111.,
R
O c t . 1965 ____________________ _________________________________
D a y t o n , O h i o , .Tan. 1966 1 __________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1965 1 ________________________________
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , F e b . 1966 1 -----------------------------------------D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1966 __________________________________
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 _______________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g . I 96 0 1--------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1966 1---------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x . , J u ne 1966 1 ________________________________
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I nd. , D e c . 1965 1--------------------------------------------

1465-16,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
1530-5.
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,




Area

M ilw a u k e e , W is . , Apr. 1966---------------------------------------------St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1966-------------------------M in n e a p o lis —
M u ske g o n —M u ske g o n H e igh ts , M ic h ., May 1966 1 _____
N e w a rk and J e r s e y Cit y, N .J ., F e b . 1966 1 _____________
New H aven, Con n., Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b . 1966 _____________________________
New Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1--------------------------------------------N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w po rt N e w s —
P
Ham pton , Va., June 1966________________________________
O k la h o m a Cit y, O kla ., Aug. 196b 1------------------------------------

A k r o n , O h i o , Ju ne 1966 1___________________________________
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y ^ - T r o y , N . Y . , A p r . 1966 1 __________
S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1966 1 _______________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N. J . ,
F e b . 1966 1____________________________________________________
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1966 1 -----------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v . 1965 ________________________________
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1____
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , J u l y 1966 1------------ -------------------------------B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t . 1965 1 -------------------------------------------------

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1966 --------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , N o v . 1965 1-----------------------------L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1966 1 -----------H
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , A u g . 1966 1-------Sant a A n a L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e i m —
G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 1
______________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I nd . , F e b . 1966 ___________________________
L u b b o c k , T e x . , Ju ne 1966 1________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , A u g . 1966 1------------------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , Jan. 1966 1 ----------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1965 1___________________________________
M i d l a n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Ju ne 1966 1 --------------------------

s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u l l e t i n s is
P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 204,

D a t a on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e prov isions are al s o p re s e n t e d .

T r e n t o n , N .J ., D e c . 1965__________________________________
W ash in gton, D . C .—Md.—V a . , O ct. 1965___________________
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n., M a r. 1966 1___________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1965________________________________
W ic hit a, K a n s ., O ct . 1966 1
_______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1-------------------------------------------------------Y oun gstow n — a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1965 1-------------------------W


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102