View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

/. 2- 3;
i 11- 11J*
7

/

ij u

Dayton & Montgorne
r u ' j i i c Library

0EC5 1 66
9

Co

A re a Wage

rvey

z.tI

: /4yL'

■«?!«SSaE3 r

^

>

-c > ;

«> /?

*

* *’ ?
. *

The Manchester, New Hampshire, Metropolitan Area
August 1966

MERRIMACK

y^H ook s e tt

Bulletin No. 1530-4




G o f f s t o w n,
^ M a n c h e s te r
B e d fo rd

^ 8*

HILLSBOROUGH

UN ITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Manchester, New Hampshire, Metropolitan Area




August 1966

Bulletin No. 1530-4
October 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page
Introduction________________________________________________________________________
Wage tren ds for se le c te d occupational g ro u p s_____________________________
T able s:
1.
2.

A.

At the end of each su rv ey , an individual a rea b u l­
le tin p re se n ts su rv e y r e s u lts fo r each area studied.
A fte r
c o m p letio n of a ll of the individual area bulletins for a round
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a r y bu lletin is issu e d .
The
f i r s t part b rin g s data fo r each of the m etropolitan a re a s
studied into one b u lletin .
The second part presen ts in fo r ­
m ation which has b een p r o je c te d fr o m individual m e t r o ­
politan a re a data to re la te to geographic region s and the
United S ta te s.

B.




E sta b lish m en ts and w o rk ers within scope of su rv ey and
num ber stu d ie d _________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la r ie s and s tra ig h t-tim e
h ou rly earnings for se le c te d occupational g ro u p s, and
p ercen ts of in c re a se for se le c te d p e r io d s ________________________
O ccupational e a r n in g s:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations— en and w om en _________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe ssio n a l and tech n ica l o ccu p ation s—
m en and w om en________________________________________________
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe ssio n a l, and tech n ica l occu p ation s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________
A -4 .
M aintenance and pow erplant o ccu p atio n s__________
A - 5 . C ustodial and m a te r ia l m ov em en t o c c u p a tio n s___

3

4

6
7

E sta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary wage p r o v is io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for w om en office w o rk ers __
B -2 .
Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _______________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled w eekly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 .
Paid h o lid a y s____________________________________________________
B - 5.
Paid v a c a t io n s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth, in su ra n c e, and pension p la n s_______________________
B - 7 . Health in su ran ce b en efits provided em p lo y ee s and
their dependents_______________________________________________
B -8 .
P r em iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e w o r k ____________________________

16
17

A ppen d ixes:
A . Change in occupational d escrip tion : S e c r e ta r y ___________________
B . O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

18
19

E ig h t y -s ix a r e a s cu rren tly are included in the
p r o g r a m . In form atio n on occupational earnings is co llec ted
annually in each a re a . In form atio n on establish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry wage pro vision s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This b u lletin p r e se n ts re su lts of the su rvey in
M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , in A u gu st 1966.
The Standard M e tr o ­
politan S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through A p r il 1966, c o n sists of the city of M a n ­
c h e ste r and the towns of B ed fo rd and G offstow n in H i lls ­
borou gh County and H ooksett in M e r r im a c k County.
This
study was conducted by the B u re a u 's region al office in
B osto n , M a s s . , W en dell D. M acD onald, D ir e c to r ; by L eo
E p ste in , under the d ir e c tio n of Paul V . M ulkern, A s sista n t
R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W a ges and Industrial R elation s.

1
4

s> 0 -J
£ 0

The B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistics pro gram of annual
occu pation al wage su r v e y s in m etro p o litan a re as is d e ­
sign ed to p rovid e data on occu pation al earn in gs, and e s ta b ­
lish m en t p r a c tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry wage p ro v isio n s.
It
y ie ld s d eta iled data by se le c te d industry division s for each
of the a re a s studied, fo r geographic r eg io n s, and fo r the
United S ta te s.
A m a jo r co n sid e ra tio n in the p ro gram is
the need fo r g re a te r in sigh t into (1) the m ovem en t of wages
by occu p ation al c a te g o r y and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le v e l of w ages am ong a re a s and industry d iv isio n s.

areas.

*N O T E :
S im ila r tabulations are a v a ilab le fo r other
(See in side back c o v e r .)

Union s c a le s , in dicative of p rev ailin g pay le v e ls in
the M a n ch ester a re a , are a lso a va ilab le fo r seven s e le c te d
building tr a d e s.

iii

10
11
11
12
13
15




Area Wage Survey---The Manchester, N.H., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
bonuses and incentive earnings a re included.
W h ere w eek ly hours are
rep o rte d , as for office c le r ic a l occu pation s, r e fe r e n c e is to the stand­
ard w orkw eek (rounded to the n e a re s t half hour) for which em p loyees
re c e iv e their regu lar s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu siv e of, pay for
o vertim e at reg u lar a n d /o r prem iu m r a te s ).
A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n e a re s t h alf d o lla r.

This a re a is 1 of 86 in which the U .S . D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
B ureau o f L a bo r S ta tistic s conducts su rvey s o f occupational earnings
and related b en efits on an areaw ide b a s is .
In this a r e a , data w ere
obtained by p e rs o n a l v is its of Bureau fie ld eco n om ists to r e p r e ­
sentative esta b lish m e n ts w ithin six broad industry d iv isio n s: M anu­
fa ctu rin g; tra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s;
w h o le sale tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; finance, in su ran ce, and r e a l esta te; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies a re
governm ent o p eration s and the con struction and extractive in d u stries.
E sta b lish m en ts having few er than a p re sc rib e d number o f w o rk ers are
om itted
b ecau se they tend to furnish insufficient em p loym en t in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the b road industry division s which m ee t pub­
lica tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v era g e s presen ted r e fle c t c o m p o site , areaw ide e s t i ­
m a te s .
Industries and esta b lish m en ts differ in pay le v e l and job
staffing and, thus, contribute differen tly to the estim a te s for each job.
The pay rela tio n sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v era g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t
a ccu rately the wage spread or d iffe re n tia l m aintained am ong jobs in
individual e sta b lish m e n ts.
S im ila r ly , d iffe re n ce s in average pay
le v e ls for m en and w om en in any o f the selec ted occupations should
not be a ssu m e d to r e fle c t d iffe re n ce s in pay treatm en t of the sex es
within individual e sta b lish m en ts.
Other p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay for m en and w om en include: D iffe r ­
ences in p r o g r e s s io n within esta b lish e d rate r a n g e s, sin ce only the
actu al ra tes paid incum bents a re co llec ted ; and d iffe re n ce s in specific
duties p e rfo r m e d , although the w o rk e rs are ap p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d
within the sam e su rvey job d e scrip tio n .
Job d e scrip tion s used in
c la ssify in g em p loy ee s in these su rvey s are u su ally m o re gen eralized
than those used in individual esta b lish m en ts and allow for m inor
d iffe re n ce s am ong esta b lish m en ts in the sp e c ific duties p e rform ed .

T h ese su rv e y s a re conducted on a sam ple b a sis b ecau se of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in volved in surveying a ll esta b lish m e n ts.
To
obtain optim um a c c u r a c y at m inim um c o s t, a greater proportion of
la rg e than of s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts is studied.
In com bining the data,
h o w ev er, a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a re given their appropriate w eight.
E s­
tim a te s b ased on the e sta b lish m en ts studied a re p rese n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll esta b lish m e n ts in the industry grouping and a r e a ,
excep t for those below the m in im u m size studied.
O ccupations and E arn in gs
The occu p ation s se le c te d for study a re com m on to a v ariety
of m an u factu rin g and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
follow in g typ es: (1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p ation al c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set of job
d e sc rip tio n s d esign ed to take account of inter esta blish m en t variation
in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The occupations se le c te d for study
a re liste d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B .
The earnings data follow ing
the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
Earnings data fo r som e
of the occupations liste d and d e sc rib e d , or fo r som e industry division s
w ithin o c c u p a tio n s, a re not presen ted in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s , becau se
eith er (1) em p loy m en t in the occupation is too sm a ll to provide enough
data to m e r it p rese n ta tio n , or (2) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo su re
of individual e s ta b lish m e n t data.

O ccupational em p loym en t estim a te s r ep rese n t the total in
a ll esta b lish m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number
actu ally su rvey ed .
B eca u se of d iffe re n ce s in occupational structure
am ong e sta b lish m e n ts, the e stim a te s of occupational em ploym en t o b ­
tained fr o m the sam p le of esta b lish m en ts studied serv e only to indicate
the rela tiv e im portan ce of the jo b s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n ce s in
occupational stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy of the
earnings data.

E sta b lish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v isio n s
In form ation is presen ted (in the B - s e r i e s tables) on selected
esta b lish m en t p r a c tic e s and supplem entary w age pro vision s as they re­
late to plant and o ffice w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , ex ecu tiv e, and pro­
fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and fo r c e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w o r k e r s who are
u tilized as a sep arate w ork fo rc e a re excluded.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in ­
clude w orking fo r e m e n and a ll n on su p erviso ry w o rk ers (including le a d m en and tra in ees) engaged in nonoffice fu nctions.
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "

O ccu p ation al em p loy m en t and earnings data a re shown for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , th ose hired to w ork a regular w eek ly schedule
in the given occu p ation al c la ssific a tio n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and for w ork on w eek en ds, h o lid a y s, and
late s h ifts.
N onproduction bon u ses a re excluded, but c o s t -o f -liv in g




1

2
include w orking su p e rv iso r s and n on su p erviso ry w o rk e rs p e rform in g
c le r ic a l or rela ted functions.
C afeteria w o rk ers and rou tem en are
excluded in m anufacturing in d u strie s, but included in nonm anufacturing
in d u strie s.
M inim um entrance s a la r ie s for w om en o ffice w o rk ers (table
B - l ) relate only to the esta b lish m en ts v isited .
They a re p resen ted in
term s of esta blish m en ts with fo r m a l m in im u m entrance sa la r y policies.
Shift d iffe re n tial data (table B -2 ) a re lim ited to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
This in form ation is presen ted both in
term s of (1) esta b lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te r m s of total plant
w orker em p loy m en t, and (2) effective p r a c tic e , p resen ted in te r m s of
w o rk ers actu ally em ployed on the sp e cified shift at the tim e of the
su rvey .
In esta b lish m en ts having v aried d iffe re n tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo rity was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jo r ity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o t h e r " w as u sed .
In esta b lish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n orm al r a t e s , a d iffe re n tia l was record ed
only if it applied to a m a jo r ity of the shift h ou rs.
The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3 ) o f a m a jo r ity of the
fi r s t -s h i ft w o rk ers in an esta b lish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant or o ffice w o rk ers of that esta b lish m en t.
Scheduled
w eekly hours a re those which fu ll-tim e em p loy ees w ere expected to
w ork , whether they w ere paid for at stra ig h t-tim e or o v ertim e r a te s.
Paid h olidays; paid vacation s; health, in su ra n ce, and pension
plans; and prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e w ork (tables B - 4 through B -8 )
are treated sta tistic a lly on the b asis that these a re applicable to a ll
plant or o ffice w o rk ers if a m a jo rity of such w o rk ers a re elig ib le or
m ay eventually qualify for the p ra ctic es listed .
Sums of individual
item s in tables B -2 through B - 8 m ay not equal totals b ecau se of
rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on h o li­
days granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e. , (1) a re provided for
in w ritten fo r m , or (2) have been esta b lish ed by cu sto m .
H olidays
ord in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even if the w ork er is not granted another day o ff.
The fir s t
part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ber of whole and half
holidays actu ally granted.
The second part com b in es whole and half
holidays to show total holiday t im e .
The su m m ary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to f o r ­
m al p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arran g em en ts w hereby tim e o ff with
pay is granted at the d isc r e tio n of the e m p lo y e r.
E stim a te s exclude
v a c a tio n -sa v in g s plans and those which offer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t i­
c a l " benefits beyond b asic plans to w o rk e rs with qualifying lengths of
s e r v ic e .
T y p ical of such ex clu sion s a re plans in the s te e l, alu m in u m ,
and can in d u stries.
Separate estim a te s are provided acco rd in g to
em p loy er p ra ctice in com puting vacation p a ym e n ts, such as tim e pa y ­
m e n ts , percen t of annual e a rn in g s, or fla t -s u m am ou n ts. H ow ever, in

the tabulations o f vacation pay, paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w ere c o n ­
verted to a tim e b a sis; for e x a m p le , a paym ent of 2 percen t of
annual earnings was con sid ered as the equivalent of 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re presented fo r a ll h ealth , in su ra n c e, and pension
plans (tables B - 6 and B -7 ) for w hich at le a s t a part o f the c o st is
borne by the em p lo y e r, excepting only le g a l req u ire m e n ts such as
w o rk m e n 's com p en sation , so c ia l s e c u r ity , and ra ilro a d re tir e m e n t.
Such plans include those un derw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce
com pany and those provided through a union fund or paid d ir e c tly by
the em p loyer out o f current o p eratin g funds or fr o m a fund set a sid e
for this purpose.
Selected health in su ra n ce b en efits provided e m ­
ployees and their dependents a re a ls o p rese n te d .
Sickness and accident in su ran ce is lim ite d to that type of
insurance under which pred eterm in ed ca sh paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eekly or m onthly b a s is during illn e s s or a ccid en t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p resen ted for a ll such plans to which the
em p loy er con tribu tes.
H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted tem p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ran ce law s which req u ire e m ­
ployer c o n tr ib u tio n s,2 plans a re included only if the em p lo y er (1) c o n ­
tributes m ore than is lega lly r e q u ir e d , or (2) p rovides the em p loyee
with benefits which exceed the req u ire m e n ts o f the law.
Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 3 w hich provide
full pay or a proportion of the w o r k e r 's pay during a b se n ce fr o m w ork
becau se of illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p rese n te d a cco rd in g to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no w aiting p erio d , and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a w aiting p erio d .
In addition
to the presentation of the proportion s of w o r k e r s who a re provided
sic k n ess and accident insurance or paid sic k le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown of w o rk ers who r e c e iv e either or both types of b en efits.
C atastrophe in su ran ce, s o m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ic a l in su ran ce, includes those plans which a re design ed to protect
em p loy ees in case of sick n ess and injury involving ex p e n ses beyond
the n orm al coverage of h osp ita liza tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l plan s.
M e d ic a l insurance r e fe r s to plans providin g fo r com p lete or p a rtia l
paym ent of d o c to r s' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u nderw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit o rg an iza tio n s or they m ay
be s e lf-in s u r e d .
Tabulations o f r e tir e m e n t pen sion plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that provide m onthly paym ents for the rem ain d e r of
the w o r k e r 's life.
Data on o vertim e p rem iu m pay (table B - 8 ) , the hours a fter
which prem iu m pay is receiv ed and the c o rresp o n d in g rate of pay, a re
presen ted by daily and w eekly p r o v is io n s .
D a ily o v ertim e r e fe r s to
w ork in ex c ess of a sp ecified n um ber of hours a day r e g a r d le s s of
the num ber of hours worked on other days o f the pay p erio d .
W eek ly
o v ertim e r e fe r s to work in e x c e s s of a sp e c ifie d num ber o f hours
per w eek r e g a r d le ss of the day on which it is p e rfo r m e d , the num ber
of hours per day, or number o f days w ork ed .

2 The temporary disability laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
follow ing
contributions.
3 A n establishment was considered as having a form al plan if it established at least the
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having form al provisions if it (1) had operated late
m inim um number of days of sick leave available to each e m p lo y e e .
Such a plan need not be
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
written, but informal sick leave allow ances, determ ined on an individual basis, were excluded.
late shifts.
1

An

establishment was

considered

as having

a p olicy

if

it m e t

either of

the

conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had form al provisions covering




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w ork ers within scop e of su rv e y and num ber studied in M a n c h e ste r , N .H ,, 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 A ugu st 1966
N u m b er of e sta b lish m en ts

In d u stry d iv isio n

M in im um
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin scope of study

W ithin scope
of s tu d y 3

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N u m b er

A ll d iv is io n s ____________________________________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g_____________________________________
T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
other public u tilitie s 5 -------------------------------------W h o le sa le t r a d e ____________________________ ____
R e ta il tr a d e _________________________________________
F in a n c e, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------S e r v ic e s 8____________________________________________

_

O ffice

P er c en t

T o t a l4

1Z0

6Z

Z l , 700

100

1 6 ,4 0 0

Z, 500

1 5 ,5 7 0

50
-

65
55

3Z
30

1 5 ,1 0 0
6 ,6 0 0

70
30

1 3 ,0 0 0
3, 400

800
1, 700

1 1 ,0 3 0
4, 540

50
50
50
50
50

8
11
19
8
9

8
6
8
4
4

400

Z, 100
650
790
740
Z60

Z, 100
1, ZOO
1 ,6 0 0
1, 100
600

10
5
7
5
3

1 ,0 0 0
(6 )
(6 )
(7)
(6)

( )
(6 )
(6)

1 The M a n c h e ste r Standard M e trop olitan S ta tistic a l A r e a , as defined by the B ureau of the Budget through A p r il 1966, c o n sists of the c ity of M a n ch ester and the towns of B ed ford and Goffstow n
in H illsb o r o u g h County and H o o k sett in M e r r im a c k County. The "w o r k e r s within scope of stu d y" e stim a te s shown in this table p rovide a rea so n a b ly ac cu rate d e sc r ip tio n of the s iz e and com p osition
of the labor f o r c e in clu d ed
in
the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s are
not intended, h ow ever, to s e r v e as a b a sis of c o m p a r iso n with other em p loym en t in dexes fo r the area to m e a su r e em ploym en t trends
or le v e ls sin ce (1) planning of w age su rv e y s re q u ir e s the
u se of esta b lish m en t data co m p iled c o n sid e r a b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p eriod stud ied , and
(Z) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts are excluded fr o m
the sc o p e of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d ustrial C la ssific a tio n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w ere u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts with total em ploym en t at or above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (within the area) of c om p an ie s in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin a n c e, auto rep air s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu r e th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e r e d as 1 e stab lish m en t.
4 In clu d es e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o rk ers excluded fr o m the sep a ra te plant and o ffic e c a te g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w ater tra n sp ortation w ere exclu ded.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv isio n is r e p r e se n te d in e stim a te s for " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s. S ep arate presen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ad e fo r one or m o r e of
the follow ing r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym en t in the d iv isio n is too s m a ll to p rovid e enough data to m e r it sep arate study, (Z) the sam p le w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p resen tation , (3) resp o n se w as in su fficie n t or inadequate to p e r m it sep a ra te p resen ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual
e sta b lish m e n t d ata.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this en tire in d u stry d ivision are r ep rese n ted in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , but fr o m the r e a l esta te portion only in
e s tim a te s for " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S ep arate p r esen tation of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one or m o r e of the re a so n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u sin e ss s e r v ic e s ; autom obile rep air sh op s; m otion p ic tu r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r sh ip o r g an ization s (exclu din g r e lig io u s and c h aritab le o r g a n iza tio n s); and engineering
and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




O ver tw o -th ir d s of the w o r k e r s within scope of the su rv e y in the M a n ch ester area
w ere em ployed in m an ufacturin g f i r m s .
The follow in g table p r e se n ts the m a jo r in du stry
groups and sp ec ific in d u strie s as a p erc en t of a ll m an ufacturin g:
Industry groups

Specific in d u strie s

Leather and leath er p rod u c ts— 37
T e x tile m ill p r o d u c ts _____________ Z6
E le c tr ic a l m a c h in e r y ------------------ 13
Food p rod u cts_____________________
5

F ootw ear (excep t ru b b e r )________ 35
Knitting m i l l s -------------------------------- 10
B road w o ven fa b r ic m ills
(cotton)____________________________
5
E le c tr ic t r a n s m is s io n and
d istrib u tion equipm ent_________
5

This in fo rm ation is based on e s tim a te s of total em ploym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e rse
m a te r ia ls com p iled p r io r to actual su rv e y .
P ro p o rtio n s in v ariou s in d u stry d iv isio n s m a y
d iffer fr o m p roportion s b ased on the r e su lts of the su rv e y as shown in table 1 above.

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P rese n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges of change
in a vera ge s a la r ie s of o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk ers and in d u stria l n u r s e s ,
and in a vera ge earnings of selec ted plant w o rk er g ro u p s. The indexes
a re a m ea su re of w ages at a given tim e , e x p r e sse d as a percen t of
w ages during the b a se perio d (date of the a rea su rvey conducted
between July I9 60 and June 1961).
Subtracting 100 fr o m the index
yie ld s the percen tage change in w ages fr o m the b ase p eriod to the
date of the index.
The p erce n ta ge s of change or in c re a se rela te to
wage changes betw een the indicated d a tes.
T h ese estim a te s are
m e a su re s of change in a v era g e s for the a re a ; they a re not intended
to m e a su re avera ge pay changes in the esta b lish m en ts in the a re a .

in the occupational group. T h ese constant w eigh ts r e fle c t b a se y ear
em ploym ents w h erever p o s s ib le .
The a v era g e (m ean) earnin gs fo r
each occupation w ere m u ltip lied by the occu p ation w eight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e re to ta led . The a g g re g a te s
fo r 2 con secutive y e a r s w ere rela te d

by

dividing

the

a gg re ga te fo r

the la te r year by the aggregate fo r the e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu ltan t
r e la tiv e , le s s 100 p ercen t, shows the p e rce n ta ge change. The index
is the product of m ultiplying the b a s e y e a r re la tiv e (100) by the rela tiv e
fo r the next succeeding y ear and continuing to m u ltip ly (com pound)
each y e a r 's rela tiv e by the p rev iou s y e a r 's in dex.
A v e r a g e earnin gs
fo r the follow ing occupations w ere u sed in com puting the w age tre n d s:

M ethod of Computing
Each of the selec ted key occupations within an occupational
group was a ssig n ed a weight b ased on its proportionate em ploym ent
O ffic e cleric a l (m en and w om en):
Bookkeeping-m achine operators,

O ffice cleric a l (m en and w om en)—
Continued
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B

class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file , classes
A , B, and C

Electricians
Machinists
M echanics
M ech anics (au tom o tive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
T o o l and die makers

T a b u latin g-m ach in e operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
C om ptom eter operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
O ffic e boys and girls
NOTE:

S killed m aintenance (m en):
Carpenters

Unskilled plant (m e n ):
Industrial nurses (m en and w om en):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are excluded because of a change in the description this year.

T ab le 2.

Indexes o f standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in M anchester, N. H. ,
August 1966 and August 19 65 , and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
Percents of increase

(August 1960=100)
August 1965

O ccupational group

August 1964

August 1963

August 1965

August 1962

August 1961

August 1960

to

to

to

to

to

to

August 1966

August 1966

August 1965

August 1964

August 1963

August 1962

August 1961

Office clerical (m en and w o m e n )--------------------------------------------------------------

125. 4

1 1 9 .9

4. 6

3. 1

2. 6

4. 2

4. 5

4. 1

Industrial nurses (m en and w o m e n )------------------------------------------------------------

(X
)
129. 1

C1)
1 2 3 .4

t 1)
4. 6

( X)
3 .9

(M

(M

(M

5. 7

4. 1

4. 4

C1)
3. 5

129. 5

123. 6

4 .8

3 .8

5. 7

3. 0

5. 9

3. 3

Skilled maintenance ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------------------------Unskilled plant ( m e n ) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* Data do not m eet publication criteria.




5
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends rela te to w eek ly s a la r ie s for the n orm al w orkw eek, ex clu siv e
of earnings at o v e r tim e p r e m iu m r a te s.
For plant w o rk er g ro u p s,
they
m e a su re changes in avera ge stra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in g s,
excluding p r e m iu m pay for o v ertim e and for work on w eek en ds,
h o lid a y s, and late sh ifts.
The percen tages are based on data for
se le c te d key occu p ation s and include m o st of the n u m erica lly im portant
jo b s within each group.

Changes in the lab or fo r c e can cau se in c r e a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the
occupational a v era g e s without actual wage ch an g es. It is conceivable
that even though a ll esta b lish m en ts in an a rea gave wage in c r e a s e s ,
avera ge w ages m ay have declin ed b ecau se lo w e r-p a y in g establish m en ts
entered the area or expanded th eir w ork fo r c e s .
S im ila r ly , wages
m ay have rem ain ed r e la tiv ely constant, yet the a v era g e s for an area
m ay have r ise n c on sid e rab ly b ecau se h igh e r-p a yin g establish m en ts
entered the a re a .

L im ita tio n s of Data
The in dexes and p ercen ta ges of change, as m e a su r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , a re influenced by:
(l) g en eral sa la r y and
wage ch an g es,
(2) m e r it or other in c r e a se s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s w hile in the sam e jo b , and (3) changes in avera ge
w ages due to changes in the lab or fo rc e resulting fr o m lab or tu rn ­
o v e r , fo r c e ex p a n sio n s, fo r c e redu ction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em p loy ed by esta blish m en ts with different pay le v e ls .




The use of constant em p loym en t w eights elim in a tes the effect
o f changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s rep rese n te d in each job
included in the data. The p e rce n ta g e s of change re fle c t only changes
in avera ge pay for s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u r s.
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork sc h ed u les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e r tim e .
Data w e re adjusted w here n e c e s s a r y to rem ove fro m
the in dexes and p e rce n ta ge s of change any sign ifican t effect caused
by changes in the scope of the su rv ey .

6
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, M anchester, N. H. , August 1966)
Weekly earnings*
(standard)

Nl lm u

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i vin g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f —
S

Average

$
50

(standard)

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle irange 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

2

4

6

2

1

11
11

1
1

9
5

2
2

6
1

_

9
8

6
4

10
6
4

and
under
55

MEN
15

38.0

67 .0 0

$
6 6 .5 0

$
6 2 .5 0 -

$
7 0.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

30
20

39.5
4 0 .0

70.00
66 .0 0

7 2 .00
65 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

8 0.00
7 4.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

86
75

3 8 .5
38. 5

90 .0 0
89 .0 0

91 .5 0
91 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 -

94 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

88
24
64

39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

6 9 .0 0
6 9 . 50
6 9 . 00

67.00
6 9.00
6 6.00

6 2 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 -

79 .5 0
7 4.00
81 .0 0

2
2

9
1
8

27
7
20

CLERKS, ORDER — -------------------------------

17

38.0

7 2.50

7 7.50

63. 50-

82.50

-

1

5

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

85
71

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 7.00
63 .5 0

6 3.50
6 2.50

5 9 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 -

7 3.00
7 0.50

9
9

16
16

25
23

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

43
27

39 .0
3 9.0

64 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

6 3.00
6 1.50

5 8 .5 0 5 7 . G O-

6 8.50
6 6 .5 0

4
4

10
7

SECRETARIES3 4----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

96
34
62

39.0
3 9.5
3 9 .0

92 .0 0
91.50
9 2.00

9 0.50
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 1 . 00- 1 03.50
8 3 .5 0 - 1 03.00
8 0 .0 0 - 105.50

-

_
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B 4------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

32
25

39.5
39.5

99 .5 0
100.50

9 9 .0 0
95 .0 0

9 0 . GO- 1 1 8 . 0 0
8 4 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 4------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

25
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5.50
9 0 .5 0

87 .5 0
12.50

7 6 .0 0 - 9 7.50
8 4 .0 0 - 104.00

-

_

SECRETARIES, CLASS D4------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

28
22

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

80 .5 0
8 2.00

83 . 0 0
8 4.50

7 4 .0 0 75 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0
89 .5 0

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

55
44

39.0
39. 0

6 6 .0 0
6 5.50

6 8.00
6 6.50

6 1 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 -

7 2.50
71.50

6
6

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

28
25

38.5
39.0

8 2 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 6.50
86.00

7 3 .0 0 7 2 .0 0 -

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -----NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

19
17

39.0
39.0

6 6 .5 0
6 6.50

6 6.50
66.50

6 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

7 0.00
71 .0 0

_

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

29
20

39.5
3 9 .0

6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

72.00
75.50

6 2 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

79 .5 0
81 .0 0

2
"

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------ 1
4
3
2

86
20
66

38.5
40 .0
3 8 .5

6 2 .0 0
64 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

62 .5 0
6 6.00
61 .5 0

5 8 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 -

6 6 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 4.50

7
3
4

$

OFFICE BOYS
WOMEN

.

_

-

”

-

-

-

12
12

5
5

36
34

3
3

6
5

7
3

1
1

2
1
1

14
1
13

3
3

2
2

2
2

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

7

6
5

14
12

1
1

3
2

4
3

4

_

2
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

14
9

7
3

4

-

_

_

-

1
1

_

~

_
-

1
1

1
1

-

-

“

-

17
6
11
-

“
-

1
“

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

_

_

-

-

1
-

_

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

4
3
1

8
5
3

4
2
2

3
3

5

5

-

-

-

5

5

2

3

2
2

_

5
5

5
5

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

14
4
10

7
1
6

14
4
10

10
2
8

17
8
9

-

2
2

5
5

1
1

7
5

-

3

3
3

2
2

5
4

1
1

2
2

l
1

2
2

_

6
5

6
6

4
3

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

7
6

3
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

“

-

6
2

-

1
“

8
6

2
1

7
7

5
5

17
13

14
9

-

5
5

4
4

2
1

2
2

8
7

7
6

3
3

-

“

5
2

3
1

5
5

5
5

6
5

21
2
19

34
3
31

16
10
6

"

-

1
1

3
2

-

6
4

-

3
3

8
2
6

“

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtim e at regular an d /or prem ium rates), and
the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w orkers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees
surveyed receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn le ss than the lower
of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

S a l a r i e s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
f r o m th is r e p o r t .
D at a d o not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations1—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A u g u s t 1 9 6 6 )
Average

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly

of

Weekly

Average

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of

(standard) (standard)

30
20

39.5
AO. 0

$
7 0.00
6 6.00

C L E R K S , ACC OUN TI NG, C L A SS A —
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

10 0
22

38.5
40. 0

90 .0 0
9 2.00

C L E R K S , A C COUN TI NG, C L A SS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

93
28
65

3 9.0
40 .0
38.5

6 9 . 50
7 0.00
69.00

CLERKS,

33

3 9.0

85
71

3 9.5
4 0 .0

6 7.00
6 3 . 50

Average

Weekly
earnings ^
(standard)

3 9.0
> 9.0

$
64 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

55
44

3 9 .0
39. 0

$
66 .0 0
65.50

7 4.00

B OOKKE EPI NG- MA CHI NE O P E R A T O R S ,
CLAS S 6 ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

KEYPUNCH O PE RA TOR S, C LA SS 6 ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

43
27

AND G I R L S ---------------------------------

15

33 .0

6 7 . 00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENI OR ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

28
25

3 8.5
39 .0

8 2 .50
8 1 .50

S E C R E T A R I E S 3 4 ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

96
34
62

3 9.0
39.5
39. )

9 2 . 00
9 1 .5 0
9 2.00

SWITCHBOARD OPE RA TO RS , CLAS S B ---------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

19
17

39.0
3 9.0

66 .5 0
66.50

SECRETAP I t S , CLA SS 8 4 -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING4 ----------------------------------------

32
25

39. 5
39.5

9 9 .5 0
1 00.50

SW I T C H e o A R C O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

29
20

39. 5
3 9 .0

6 9 . 50
72 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , CLASS C4 ---------------------------MANUFACTURINC
— — ——
—
— —

25
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
9U .50

T Y P I S T S , CLAS S B ------------------------------------------nANUrrtL f UK I N b ---------------- —
-----—---- -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

86
20
66

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
38.5

6 2.00
64.00
6 1.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C LA SS D4 ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

28
22

39 .0
38.5

80 .5 0
8 2.00

O FFI CE

ORDER

---------------------------------------

C L E R K S , PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- 1
2
3
4

80YS

1 S a l a r i e s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d f r o m this r e p o r t .
2 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
3 M a y i n c l u d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th an t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
4 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r t h i s o c c u p a t i o n h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s i n c e t he l a s t s u r v e y i n t h i s a r e a .
S ee a p p e n d i x A.




of

pay fo r o v e r t im e

at r e g u l a r

a n d /or prem iu m

rates),

and the

earnings

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu died on an a r e a b a s i s
by industry d iv isio n
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A u g u s t 1966)
N u m b e ;r o f w o r k e r s r e c e ■iving s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f —

H ourly ea m ings 1

$
1 .5 0

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n
workers

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

20
20

P NJFMPW- CTAT 1 U Mf\TDUiI_iIr\
r iKC.ICIVf j I M I IflWAtf V ftfiFI PD _ _ — —
iN
^
^
MANUFACTURING — _____
_ *
__ ___

$
2 .71
2 .71

$
2 .7 7
2.77

$
2 .4 8 2 .4 8 -

$
2 .9 8
2 .9 8

$
1.70

$
1.80

$
1.90

S
2.oo

3
;M 0

$
2.2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .70

*
2! . 8 0

$
2.9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .10

$
3.2 0

3 .3 0

1 .7 0

1.80

1.9 0

2.0 0

2.10

;>. 2 0

2.3 0

2.40

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.

2! .

90

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 ,3 0

over

-

-

-

l
l

3
3

l
1

-

-

4
4

-

1
1

-

~

19
19

5
3

5
-

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

~

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

_

2
2

and
under
1 .60

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

$
1.60

-

and

28

l .

i .«

1 .6 f-

1.

MAINTENANCE T R A D E S ---------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------------

36
27

2.12
2.06

2 .0 0
1 .9 7

1 . 9 5 -

_

_

1 .9 4 -

2.18
2.07

~

~

M A C H I N I S T S , MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

17
17

2 .7 3
2.73

2 .7 7
2.77

2 .5 5 2 .5 5 -

2.99
2.9 9

_

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAI NTENANCE) -----------------------------------------------NflNMANUF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------PUBLI C U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------

52
42
42

2.86
2.90
2.90

3.03
3.0 6
3 .0 6

2 .7 8 2 .9 7 2 .9 7 -

3 .11
3.1 4
3 .1 4

~

MECHANI CS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

22
22

2.60
2.60

2.3 5
2 .3 5

1 .9 9 1 .9 9 -

3 .13
3 .1 3

_

HELPERS,




1
"
3
4

1

-

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

*

E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s
a nd l a t e s h i f t s .
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
W o r k e r s w e r e d i s t r i b u t e d a s f o l l o w s : 1 a t $ 3 . 7 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; Z at $ 3 . 9 0 to $4; a n d 1 at $ 4 . 4 0

to

$4.50.

-

-

SO

-

8

-

8

2
2

_

_

_

_

2

~

-

-

~

4
4

~

2
2

10
8
8

-

3
3

_

3
3

_

-

_

2
2

-

1
1

4
-

4
-

1
1

1
1

_

~
2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

4
4
4

17
17
17

9
9
9

4
4
4

-

_

1
1

1
1

_

_

44
4

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ied o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A u g u s t 19 66 )

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

$
1.20

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

$

$

1 .30 1 .4 0

and
under

$

1 .65
1.65

1.61
1.63
1.59

1 .6 2

1 .4 0

1 .4 9 1 .4 8 -

1,
1,

-

1 .4 3 -

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

1.86

-

1.62

1 .5 2 1 .5 2 1 .5 2 -

1 .70
1.73
1.6 9

2
2
—

1.66-

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 .5 0

1.6 0

1.70

1.80

1.9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.00

3.10

3.20

—

2 .0 1

1 .6 1 1 .8 5 -

1.72
3 .1 4
1.87
1.76

—
-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------J A N I T O R S , P OR T E R S , AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

$
—

—

—

1 .50

1 ,6 0

1 .7 0

1.80

1 .90

-

—

10
10

-

9

-

-

2 .0 0

—

2 .1 0

—

—

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 ,4 0

-

-

2 .5 0

-

2,6 0

—

2 .7 0

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3 ,0 0

3 .1 0

-

-

3 .2 0

3.30

$

1.62
1.62

-

1 .30

$

1.61

8
8

2
2

5
4

8

-

3

8

17
7
10

10
4
6

35
20
15

-

45
lb
29

-

3

9

-

9
19
11
8

-

3

4
2
-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

2

1

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

1
-

-

1

1
1

2

1
1

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) --------------------------------------------------------------L A B OR E RS , MATERI AL HANDLING ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

142
59
83

2 .0 5
1.64
2 .34

1 .83
1.66
1 .96

ORDER
F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

93
37

1 .67
1.62

1 .73

1 .6 2

1 .5 3 1.5 4 -

PAC KE RS , S H I P P I N G ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

41
39

1 .79
1.82

1 .82
1 .8 3

1 .7 2 1 .7 3 -

1.93
1 .9 5

—

PA CK ER S , S H I P P I N G (WOMEN) --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

67
67

1 .59
1.59

1.51
1.51

1 •4 4 — 1 . 6 9
1 .4 4 - 1.69

—
-

1.81
1.76

1.79
1 .75

1 .6 5 1.6 5 -

10
3
1

-

2
-

5

-

-

-

—
-

2.0 6
2.08

1 .98
1.99

1 .8 7 -

2.3 0
2.3 5

T R U C K D R I V E R S 4 --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------P U BL I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -------------------------------

206
60
1 46

2.6 0
2 . 81
3.27

2.6 9
1.99
3.2 3
3.2 5

1.9 4 1 .9 1 1 .9 8 3 .2 2 -

3.25
2 .4 7
3.26
3.28

T RU C K C R I V E R S , MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I NCLUDI NG 4 T O N S ) -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

2.2 6
1 .99

1.98
1 .95

1 .8 2 1 .8 7 -

3.01
2 .35

3 .23
2.56

2 .6 8 1 .9 7 -

-

2.11

-

-

3

3

7
7

7
5

5
3

1

-

3

5
-

5

-

-

4
1
-

-

-

8
-

-

D a t a l i m i t e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d .
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
I n c l u d e s a l l d r i v e r s , as d e f i n e d , r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .




12
12

shifts.

2

—
-

1
-

1
1

-

—

-

-

-

2

4
—

4

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

8
8
-

-

2

4

4

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

4

-

31
31

-

-

-

-

-

—

1
1

-

“

2

—
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

4

1
11
7
4

-

T R U CK OR I VE R S, LI GH T (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T ON S) -------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

4

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

-

4

37
20
17

4
2

2

_
-

-

1
1

-

-

_
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1

8

4
4

3

-

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

1

4

12

-

1

1

1

-

4

6

8

7
5

5
-

4
-

1
1

-

1

5

4
4

3

1

5
-

2
2

1
1

4

3.2 7
2.6 5

101

-

9
9

13
-

10
10

2
2

-

9
9

16
2
14

26
4

2

4
4

9
9

3 .2 1
2.0 5

T R U CK OR I VE R S, HEAVY ( OV ER 4 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

—
—

26
1
25

13
13

9
5

3

-

25
24

17
14

28
28

-

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G CLERKS ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

3

5

5

15
13

1

4

-

33
30

9

18

_

1.97

C L F R K S ----------------------------------------------

1.86-

4

-

-

R E C E I V I N G CLERKS -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------SHIPPING

2.0 1

3
1
2

1
1

-

-

-

100
100

i

-

-

-

1 0 0

10
B.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions

Table B-l.

Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

(D istrib u tio n of e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv isio n s by m in im u m entrance sa la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o r ie s
of in exp erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s, M a n ch ester , N. H. , August 1966)
In exp erien ced typ ists
M anufacturing
M in im um w eekly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
sc h e d u les

40

A ll
schedu le s

40

32

XXX

30

XXX

62

32

XXX

30

XXX

-----

20

11

11

9

6

37

19

18

18

13

$ 52 . 50__ _
_
__
__ ------ ----$ 55. 0 0 _____________________________________
$ 5 7 . 50_ _
------ _ --------------- ----------$ 6 0 . 00_
. _ _ _ ---------------- -------- —
$ 6 2 . 5 0 -------------------------------------------$ 6 5 . 00__ __ __ ---------------------- — -------$ 6 7 . 50 ____________________________________
$ 7 0 . 00______
_ _ ____
_____________
. . _ ------------------------------- . . .
--------

5
2
6
1
4
-

4
1
3
3
-

1
2
1
1
1

11
6
9
1
6
1
1
2

5
4
5
4
1
-

5
4
5
4
-

5
1
2
2
1
2

____ —

-

_ _ _

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp ec ified m in im u m ---------

-----------

E sta b lish m e n ts which did not em ploy w o rk ers
in this c a te g o r y _____
___
_________ __ ___________

_ --

1

4
1
3
3
-

1

-

-

1
1
3
1
1
1
1

-

6
2
4
1
2
1
2

2

1

XXX

1

XXX

14

XXX

7

40

20

XXX

20

XXX

11

XXX

-

T h ese s a la r ie s re la te to f o r m a lly e sta b lish ed m in im u m startin g (hiring) reg u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e sa la r ie s that are paid for
E xclu d es w o rk ers in su b c le r ic a l job s such as m e s s e n g e r or office g ir l.
D ata are p resen ted for all standard w ork w eek s com b ined, and for the m o s t co m m o n standard w orkw eek rep orted .




40

62

_

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp ec ified m in im u m
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
ove r.

B a se d on stand ard w eek ly h ours 3 of—

----------

E sta b lish m e n ts studied_______________ ____

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

A ll
schedu les

40

N on m an ufactu ring

M an ufactu ring
A ll
in du stries

B a sed on standard - eekly hours 3 of—
w

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch edu les

$ 50 . 00
$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$ 7 0 .0 0

Other in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anufacturing

standard w o rk w eek s.

XXX

XXX

11

Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift d iffe r e n tia ls of m a n u fa c tu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ou nt of d iffe r e n tia l,
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H. , A u gu st 1966)
P e r c e n t of m an u fac tu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —
2

Shift d iffe r e n tia l

A c t u a lly wo rk ing on—

Second sh ift
w ork

T h ird o r other
sh ift w ork

Second sh ift

T h ir d or oth er
sh ift

53 . 2

36. 3

11. 5

6. 0

W ith sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l----------------------------------------

24. 6

36. 3

5. 6

6. 0

U n ifo r m cen ts (p er h o u r ) ------------------------------------

15. 6

32. 1

4. 2

5. 8

2.
20.
4.
3.
1.

1. 2
. 1

. 3
5. 2
. 2

T o t a l----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.
1.
1.
3.
3.
1.

4 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s __________________________________________
12 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------------1 5 c e n t s __________________________________________
ZZ4 5 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------/

9
1
8
5
5
7

1
0
8

5
7

. 9
. 5
•9
.7

"
. 1
. 1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n ta g e ----------------------------------------------

9. 0

4. 2

1 .3

. 2

5 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------------10 p e r c e n t — ----------------------------------------- --------------

4. 2
4. 8

4. 2

. 3
1 .0

. 2

W ith no sh ift pay d if f e r e n t ia l----------------------------------

28 . 6

-

5. 9

1
In clu d es e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n tly o p er a tin g late
e v en though they w ere not c u r r e n tly o p era tin g la te s h ifts .

Table B-3.

s h ift s ,

"

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts with f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late

sh ifts

Scheduled Weekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u str ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by sc h e d u led w e e k ly h ou rs 1
of f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A u g u st 1966)
P lant w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d u str ie s 2

M an u factu rin g

A l l w o r k e r s ______________________________________________

100

100

U n d er 3 7 l/ z h o u r s _______________________________________
3 7 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________________
3 8 3 4 h o u r s ________________________________________________
/
40 h o u r s __________________________________________________
4 2 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________________
4 4 h o u r s __________________________________________________
45 h o u r s __________________________________________________
4 5 V2 h o u r s ________________________________________________
46 h o u r s __________________________________________________
48 h o u r s __________________________________________________
50 h o u r s __________________________________________________

3
-

4
85

1
2
3
4
5

P ub lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

A ll in d u str ie s 4

100

-

-

1
6
5
2
2
1

5
6
-

33
-

1
33
14
50
(5 )
1
-

“

"

M an u factu rin g

100

100

4
3

'

-

80

67
-

63
_
37

-

93
-

-

-

-

S ch ed u led h o u rs a r e the w e e k ly h o u r s w hich a m a jo r ity of the f u l l-t im e w o r k e r s w e r e ex p e cted to w o r k , w h eth er they w e r e paid fo r at s t r a ig h t -t im e or o v e r t im e
In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th er public u tilit ie s .
In c lu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to th o se in d u str y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

ra tes.

12

Table B-4.

Paid H olidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of plant and o ffic e w o rk ers in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d ivision s by num ber of paid h olid ays
provided annually, M a n ch e ste r , N. H. , August 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

Item
A ll in d u str ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
paid h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p roviding
no paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 1
2

A ll in d u strie s 3

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

98

100

100

2

2

N u m b er of days

5 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------7 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------8 h olid ays plus 1 h alf day---------------------------------------8 h olid ays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o lid a y s------------------------------------------------------------------10 h olid ays plus 1 half d a y -------------------------------------

2
32
11
5
21
4
1
16
5

'

3
36
9
6
24
5
1
15
-

(4 )

_

33
56
4

_

14
4
2
15
3

35
4
8
34
9
1
6
3

(4 )
4
53
1

“

7
89
3

T otal h oliday tim e 5

IOV2 d a y s---------------------------------------------------------------------10 days or m o r e --------------------------------------------------------9 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------8 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------7 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------6 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e ----------------------------------------------------------

(4 )
5
23
27
53
63
96
98

_
16
22
52
61
97
100

4
60
93
93
93
93
100
100

1
54
59
62
79
83
98
98

_
3
11
20
61
65
100
100

3
93
99
99
99
99
100
100

1 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
3 In cludes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.
5 A ll com b in ation s of fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e amount are com b ined; for ex a m p le , the p roportion of w o rk ers rec eiv in g a total of 9 days in clu d es those with 9 full days and
no h alf d ays, 8 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s, 7 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w ere then cum ulated.




13

Table B-5.

Paid V acatio n s1

(P erc en t d istrib u tion of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in du stries and in industry d iv isio n s by vacatio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , A u gu st 1966)
Plant w ork ers

O ffice w o rk ers

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M anufacturing

A ll in d u str ie s2

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
58
42
-

100
47
53

100
100
-

100
96
4

100
88
12

100
100

-

-

Public u tilit ie s 3

Public u t ilit ie s 3

M eth od o f p aym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g
paid v a c a tio n s________________________________________
L e n g t h -o f -t i m e p a y m e n t________________________
P er c en ta g e p aym en t______________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g
no paid v a c a tio n s____________________________________

-

-

-

_

13
35
18
17

41
37
7

24

33
1
66

-

_

A m ou nt o f v a catio n pay 5
A fte r 6 m on th s of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w ee k __________________________________________
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

52
8
4
2

65
6
2
-

31
11
29

81
2
16

86
3
11

22
_
78

74
4
20
2

84
5
8
2

49
23
26
2

54
30
15
2

48
22
29
2

52
27
18
2

5
2
86
7

3
2
89
6

-

30
2
63

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O ve r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(6 )
76

5

_

95

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

22

16

78

(6 )
84

"

(6 )

33
1
65
1

13

12
2
85
(6 )

22
8
69
1

12
2
85

22
8
69
1

-

5
_

95

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

87
-

2
_

98

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w ee k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

13
_

87
-

(6 )

2
_

98

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

See footn otes at end of table.




.

1

1

_

_

_

_

100

94
6

90
9

100

14

Table B-5.

Paid V ac a tio n s1---- Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion o f plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv ision s by vacation pay
p r o v is io n s , M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , A u gu st 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll in du strie s 1
2

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 3

2
2
74
4
19

_
2
83
5
10

_
33
67

2
2
72
4
21

_
2
83
5
10

100

2
2
54
1
40
2

_
2
63
1
32
2

91
9

2
2
54
1
32
10

_
2
63
1
25
8

2
2
54
1
18
7
16

_
2
63
1
10
9
14

A ll in du strie s 4

M an ufactu ring

P ublic u t i li t i e s 3

Amount of vacation pay 5— Continued

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_
_
82
1
17

_
_
7
_
93

(6 )
63

_
_
82
1
17

_
_
3
_
97

(6 )
29
(6 )
69
1

_
72
1
23
4

_
3

48
52

(6)
29
(6)
60
10

_
72
1
15
13

_
3
67
31

19

(6)
29
(6 )
41

_
72
1
10
17

_
3

(6 )
37
(6 )
62

A fte r 12 y e a rs of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(6 )
36

A fte r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

-

97
-

A fte r 20 y e a rs of se r v ic e
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

M a x im u m vacatio n a v a ila b le 7
1 w eek ___________________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

-

-

81

29

-

4
-

93

1 Includes b a sic plans on ly.
E xc lu d es plans such as v a c a tio n -sa v in g s and those plans w hich o ffer "e x te n d e d " or "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond
b a sic p lans to w o r k e r s with q ualifying lengths
s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s are plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u str ie s.
2 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data for w h o le sa le tra d e; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 Includes p aym ents other than "le n g th of t i m e , " such as p ercen tage of annual earn ing s or fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, converted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a p aym ent o f 2 p erc en t
of annual earn ing s w as c o n sid e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r io d s o f se r v ic e w ere a r b itr a r ily ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the individual p r o v isio n s for p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p rop ortion s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include chan ges in p ro v isio n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s are cu m u lative.
T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
or m o r e after 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s' pay or m o r e after few er y e a r s of s e r v ic e .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p erc en t.
7 F ig u r e s shown a lso indicate the p r o v isio n s a fter 25 and 30 y e a r s - o f s e r v ic e .
of




15

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P erc en t of plant and office w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in e sta b lish m e n ts providin g
health, in su ra n ce , or p en sion ben efits , 1 M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , A ugu st 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w o rk ers

Type o f b en efit
A ll in d u s tr ie s 45

M anufacturing

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

M anufacturing

100

100

•100

100

Tifp insnrqrirp
.........
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e r m e n t
in su ran ce
__
______ _ _
__ ______
S ick n ess and a c cid en t in su ran ce or
siclr I p sv p nr hnth ®

90

91

100

93

88

100

70

69

95

74

76

100

86

88

100

87

86

100

S ick n e ss flnH a ccid en t in su ran ce
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g perindl
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay or
____ ______
w aitin g p eriod)
_

80

88

33

37

86

7

50

96

H o sp ita lisa tio n in su ran ce
S urgical in su ran ce
M e d ic a l in su ran ce
_ _
_ ___ ___
P atastrn p h e in su ran ce
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n ..
No h ealth , in su r a n c e , or pen sion plan

85
89
81
30
58
2

79
90
77
30
54
2

100
100
100
97
97

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

Public u tilit ie s 3

100

Public u tilitie s3

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p rovidin g:

5

86
91
81
21
61

38

66

29

1

2

1

100
100
100
79
93

89
93
74
72
75
3

1 In cludes those plans for w hich at le a st a part of the c ost is b orne by the e m p lo y e r , ex cept those le g a lly re q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's co m p en sa tio n , so c ia l s e c u r ity , andr a ilr o a d retir e m e n t.
2 In clud es data for w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , re a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown sep a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilities.
4 In clud es data for w h o le sa le trade; r e ta il trade; fin a n ce, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a r a te ly .
5 U n d up licated total o f w o r k e r s r ec eiv in g sic k leave or sic k n ess and accid en t in su ran ce shown se p a r a te ly b elo w .
Sick leave plans are lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly esta b lish
at le a st
the m in im u m num b er of d a y s ' pay that can be expected by each em p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l sic k leave a llo w a n ces d eterm in ed on an individual b a sis are ex clu d ed .




16

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

(P e r c e n t of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s em ployed in estab lish m en ts providing health in su r a n ce b en efits
c overin g e m p lo y ee s and their d ep en dents, M a n ch e ste r , N .H ., August 1966)
Plant w ork ers

O ffic e w o r k e r s

Type of b en efit, c o v e r a g e , and financing 1
A ll in du strie s 2

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s tr ie s 4

M an ufactu ring

Public u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

85
38
23
15

86
41
25
16

100
27
27

79
41
29
12

100
27
27

-

89
42
30
12

48
17
31

45
15
30

73
37
36

48
9
24

38
16
22

73
10
63

89
41
26
15

91
46
30
16

100
27
27
-

93
45
33
12

90
52
40
12

100
27
27
-

48
17
31

45
15
30

73
37
36

48
9
24

38
16
22

73
10
63

14

-

M e d ical in s u r a n c e ________________________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s o n ly ----------------------------E m p loye r fin a n ced ________________________
Jointly financed ____________________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s and their
d e p e n d e n ts___________________________________
E m p lo y e r financed ________________________
Jointly financed ____________________________
E m p lo y e r financed fo r e m p lo y e e s;
join tly financed for d ep en dents-----------

81
46
31
15

81
52
36
16

100
27
27

77
46
34
12

100
27
27

-

74
43
31
12

35
14
21

29
12
17

73
37
36

31
8
23

30
13
17

73
10
63

-

-

C ata strop h e in su r a n ce ___________________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s o n ly ___________________
E m p loye r fin a n ced -----------------------------------Jointly financed ___________________________
C overin g e m p lo y ee s and their
d e p e n d e n ts___________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ________________________
Jointly financed -----------------------------------------E m p loye r financed for e m p lo y e e s;
join tly financed fo r d ep en dents_______

30
6
5
1

21
3
3
-

79
27
27
-

72
29
22
8

30
6
3
4

97
27
27
-

24
10
14

18
10
8

52
23
29

42
6
22

23
14
9

71
8
63

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts p rovidin g:
H o sp ita liza tio n in su r a n ce _______________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s o n ly ___________________
E m p lo y e r fina nced ________________________
Jointly financed ____________________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s and their
d e p e n d e n ts___________________________________
E m p lo y e r fina nced ________________________
Jointly fin a n ced ____________________________
E m p lo y e r financed for e m p lo y e e s;
join tly financed fo r d ep en dents_______
S u r g ic a l in su r a n ce ________________________________
C overin g e m p lo y ee s o n ly ----------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ________________________
Jointly financed ____________________________
C overin g em p lo y ee s and their
d e p e n d e n ts___________________________________
E m p loye r fin a n ced ________________________
Jointly financed -----------------------------------------E m p lo y e r financed for e m p lo y e e s;
join tly financed for d ep en dents_______

14

-

-

-

14

1 Includes plans for which at le a st a part of the c o st is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r . See footnote 1, table B -6 .
An estab lish m en t w as co n sid e r e d as p rovidin g b e n e fits to e m p lo y e e s fo r their
dependents if such c o v e r a g e w as availa ble to at le a st a m a jo r ity of those e m p lo y ee s one would u su a lly expect to have d ep en den ts, e .g ., m a r r ie d m e n , even though they w e r e le s s than a m a jo r ity
of all plant or office w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y er b e a r s the en tire co st of "e m p lo y e r fin a n c ed " p lan s.
The em p lo y er and em ployee sh are the c o st of "jo in t ly fin a n c e d " p la n s.
2 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep a ra tely .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ic ation , and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data for w h o lesa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .




17

Table B-8.

Premium Pay for Overtime Work

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tion of plant and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in du stry d iv isio n s by o v e rtim e p rem iu m
pay p r o v is io n s , M a n c h e ste r , N .H ., A ugu st 1966)
Plant w o rk ers

O ffice w ork ers

P r e m iu m pay p o lic y
A ll in d u strie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

M anufacturing

Public u tilit ie s 2

A ll in d u s tr ie s 3

M anufacturing

Public u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

72

81

81

50

34

97

70

78

81

50

34

97

3
66
1
2

-

-

-

75

1
26
23

4
_
30

_
63
35

-

72
9

-

-

-

2

"

-

"

-

97

100

100

98

100

100

97

100

100

98

100

100

3

4

-

-

-

-

96

67
33

1
17
14
65

4
96

63
37

-

-

"

D a ily o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r d a ily o v e r tim e p a y 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e and o n e -h a l f ------------------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
7 h o u r s_______________________________________
O ve r 7 and under 8 h o u r s________________
8 h o u r s _______________________________________
9 h o u r s_______________________________________
Other p r e m iu m r a t e s ________________________

4

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p r o v isio n s for d a ily o v e r tim e pay
at p r e m iu m r a te s 5 _________________________________
W e e k ly o v e r t im e at p r e m iu m r a te s
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p r o v isio n s fo r w ee k ly o v e r tim e pay 4
at p r e m iu m r a t e s ___________________________________
T im e and o n e -h a l f ------------------------------------------------E ffe c tiv e a fte r :
35 h o u r s _____________________________________
37 1/ z h o u r s --------------------------------------------------3 8 3 h o u r s __________________________________
/4
40 h o u r s _____________________________________
45 h o u r s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having no
p r o v isio n s fo r w ee k ly o v e r tim e pay
at p r e m iu m r a te s 5 --------------------------------------------------

92
2

3

-

"

2

I

;

1

__________________ _____________ ______________________________

1 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e, r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a te ly .
2 T r a n sp o r ta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and other public u tilitie s.
3 In clud es data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in du stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a tely .
4 In clud es- w o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts covere d by le g is la tiv e , r e q u irem e n ts regard in g p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e , even though such w o r k e r s actu ally do not w ork o v e rtim e .
Graduated
p r o v isio n s fo r p r e m iu m pay are c la s s ifie d under the f ir s t effe ctive p rem iu m r a te. F o r e x a m p le , a plan callin g fo r tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 and double tim e after 10 h ours would be con sid ered
as tim e and o n e -h a lf after 8 h o u r s. S im ila r ly , a plan callin g for no pay or pay at a r eg u la r rate after 35 h ours and tim e and o n e -h a lf after 40 h ou rs would be c o n sid e r e d as tim e and o n e-h a lf
after 40 h o u r s.
5 In clud es w o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts exem pt fr o m le g isla tiv e r eq u irem e n ts regard in g p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and w h e re, as a m atter of p o lic y , o v e rtim e is not w orked.




Appendix A.

Change in Occupational Description:

Secretary

Since the Bureau* s last survey, the occupational description for
secretary was revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

zation and the scope of die supervisors position are considered in dis­
tinguishing these levels.
Data published under the composite title o f
secretary are not. comparable to data previously published.

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, D) classify
these workers according to levels o f responsibility. The size o f the organi­

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




18

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area.
This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom a tic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations.
For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, m achine (b illin g m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc.
Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge o f basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

19

20

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A .
In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerics.
Class B.
Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

21
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards.
May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerica l work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d ay-to-day work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,0 0 0 persons; or

22

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Conti nue d

c.
Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
OR
segment (e. g. , a m iddle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f officia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5,000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls, )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

23

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerica l work as part of regular duties.
This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work.
The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing m achines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typ ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences o f long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d ay supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established.
May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

24

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C.
Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information.
Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation. )
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily" visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

PQWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow in g: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work.
In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




25

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con ­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply die
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies.
Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary' adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

26

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
apd making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency.
In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment.
Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications.
In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu d ed .

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

27

SH EET-M ETAL W O RKER,

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

MAINTENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sh ee t-m e ta l m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sh ee t-m e ta l­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles
as required.
In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AN D DIE M AKER
(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs
or dies for forgings, punching,

machine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
and other m etal-form ing work.
Work in-

CUSTODIAL
ELEVATOR OPERATOR,

AND

PASSENGER

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
m ent house, department store, h otel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.
G UARD A N D W A T C H M A N
Guard.
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatem en who are stationed
and other persons entering.
W atch m an .
property against fire,
JAN ITOR ,

PORTER,

at gate and check on identity of em ployees

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

JANITOR, PORTER,

OR CLEANER— Continued

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.
Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
th eft,

and illegal entry.

OR CLEANER

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an o ffice, apartment house, or com m ercial




For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

28
ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type o f con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness o f shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,
Truckdriver,

(com bination o f sizes listed separately)
light (under 1 ^ tons)
medium (1 V2 *° anc* including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

Area Wa»je Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ir e c t o r y indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins m a y b e purchased fr o m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C ., 20204,
or fr o m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front c ov er .
Area

Bulletin number
and pric e

Akron, Ohio, June 1966*___________________________
Albany— c h en ec ta d y^ T r oy , N.Y., Apr. 1966* -------S
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1966 1_________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— J . ,
N.
Feb. 1966 1___ ________________________________ ______
Atlanta, Ga., May 1966 1 -----------------------------------------Ba ltim ore, Md., Nov. 1965 _________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange, Tex., May 1966 1_
.
Birm ingham, Ala., Apr. 1966______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1966 1_______________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1965 1 _________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1465-64,

30 cents
25 cents
25 c ents

1465-53,
1465-71,
1465-29,
1465-63,
1465-56,
1530-2,
1465-12,

25
30
25
25
20
25
30

c ents
cents
c ents
cents
c ents
cents
c ents

Buffalo, N.Y., D ec. 1965 ____________________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1966 _________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1966 1___________________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 1966 1 ___________________
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1966 1
________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a ., Sept. 1965________________
Ch icago, 111., Apr. 1966 1 ___________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Mar. 1966 1 ____________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965 ________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1965 _________________________
Dallas, T ex ., Nov. 1965 ____________________________

1465-36,
1465-54,
1465-58,
1465-70,
1465-67,
1465-7,
1465-68,
1465-57,
1465-8,
1465-15,
1465-24,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111.,
Oct. 1965 ______________________________ _____________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1 ___________________________
Denver, C o lo ., D ec. 1965 1 _________________________
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1966 1 _____________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1966___________________________
Fort Worth, Tex ., Nov. 1965_______________________
Green Bay, Wis., Aug. 1965------------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1966 1_______________________
Houston, T ex., June 1966 1 _________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1965 1---------------------------------

1465-16,
1465-39,
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
1465-4,
1465-74,
1465-85,
1465-31,

Jackson, M iss ., Feb. 1966 1________________________
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1966 ----------------------------------Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., Nov. 1965 1---------------------Law rence—
Haverhill, M ass .—
N.H., June 1 9 6 6 * -----Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk., Aug. 1966
Los A ngele s—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden G ro v e , Ca lif., Mar. 1966 1
-----------------------Lou isv ille, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1966 ____________________
Lubbock, Tex ., June 1966*_________________________
M anchester, N.H., Aug. 1966 1-------------------------------Memph is, T e n n .- A r k ,, Jan. 1966 1 -------------------------Miami, Fla ., D ec. 1965 1___________________________
Midland and O dessa, T ex., June 1966 1 ------------------

Bulletin number
and pric e

Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1966____________________ ____ . . .
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1966_____________ . . .
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1966 1 ___ . . .
Newark and Je r se y City, N.J., Feb. 1966 1 _________ __
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1966 1 _____________ _________ . . .
New O rlean s, La., Feb. 1966________________________ . . .
New York, N.Y., Apr. 1966 1___ _______ ______________ . . .
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1966__________________________ _ __
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1965 ____________________ . . .

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20
25
25
30
25
20
40

1465-77,
1465-5,

20 cents
20 cents

c ents
c ents
c ents
c ents
c ents
cents
cents
c ents
c ents
c ents
c ents

Omaha, N eb r.-Iow a, Oct. 1965 1 ________ ____________ . . .
Pater son—
Clifton— a s sa ic , N.J.. May 1966 1
P
...
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1965 1 _______________ __
Phoenix. A r i z . . Mar. 1966 1
_
_
_ _
...
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1966____________________________ __
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1965 1 __ _____________________ __
Portland. O r e g .- W a s h ., May 1966*
...
P r ovid en c e—
Pawtucket—
Warwick, R.I.— a s s . ,
M
May 1966 _________________________________ ___________ . . .
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1965 1 _______________ __________ ___
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1965 1 __________________________ . . .
R ock ford, 111., May 1966 1 _____________ ___ _________....

1465-13,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1465-23,
1465-73,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25

cents
c ents
c ents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-65,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25
25
30
25

cents
c ents
cents
cents

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
25
30
30

c ents
c ents
c ents
c ents
cents
centscents
c ents
c ents
c ents

St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 1965________________________ ....
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1965______________________ . . .
San Antonio. Tex.. June 1966
...
San Bernardin o—
River side—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1965 1 __________________________________________ ___
San D iego, Calif., Nov. 1965 _____________ ______ ______
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1966 1_________ ___
San Jose, Calif., Sept. 1965 1
....
Savannah. Ga., May 1966 1
___
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1966____________________ ____________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Oct. 1965 1______ ____ ____ ....

1465-22,
1465-32,
1465-78,

25 c ents
20 c ents
20 cents

1465-20,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1465-19,
1465-69,
1530-3,
1465-9,

30
20
30
25
25
20
30

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1465-80,
1530-1,

25
20
30
25
25

cents
cents
c ents
c ents
cents

1465-17,
1465-55,
1465-75,

25 c ents
25 c ents
20 cents

1465-59,
1465-51,
1465-79,
1530-4,
1465-42,
1465-30,
1465-84,

30
20
25
25
30
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents
c ents
c ents

1465-49,
1465-34,
1465-14,
1465-52,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1465-25,

20
20
25
25
20
20
25
25
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

Sioux F alls. S. Dak.. Oct. 1965 1
....
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1966
______
_________ ....
Spokane, Wash., June 1966 ___ _____________________ ___
Tampa—
St. Petersb urg , Fla ________________ __________
Tole do, Ohio—Mich., Feb. 1966________________ ______ ___
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1965__________________ _________ ___
Washington, D .C .—
Md.— a . , Oct. 1965_____________._ ___
V
Waterbury. Conn., Mar, 1966 1..
....
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1965___________________________ ....
Wichita, Kans., Oct. 1965____ ________ _____________
W o r c e s te r , M ass., June 1966 1______________________ ....
York, Pa., Feb. 1966 1_______________________________ . .
Youngstown— a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1965 1—
W
______....

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
c ents
c ents
cents
c e nt s
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
c ents
c ents
c ents
c ents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102