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The Worcester, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
June 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-83




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rth u r M

Ross. Com m is sio ner




Area Wage Survey
The Worcester, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area




June 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-83
August 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d t o p r o v i d e da ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a nd e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n it e d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .
A t th e e n d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e a c h a r e a studied.
After
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lletin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s da ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s t u d i e d in t o o n e b u l l e t i n .
The s e c o n d pa rt p r e s e n t s i n f o r ­
m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d ivid ua l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a da t a t o r e l a t e t o e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n it e d S t a t e s .

Introduction________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups_______________________
Tables;
1.
2.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and
number studied____________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
change for selected periods_________________________________

A.

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women____________________
A -2. P rofession al and technical occupations—
men and women______________________________________
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined____________________
A -4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_______________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations_________

B.




3
4
5
7
8
9
10

Establishment practices andsupplementary wage provisions:*
B - l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk e rs _
B -2. Shift d iffe re n tia ls------------------------------------------------------B -3. Scheduled weekly h o u rs_______________________________
B -4. Paid holidays-------------------------------------------------------------B -5. Paid vacatio n s________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans__________________
B -7. Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents_____________________________________
B -8. P rofit-sh arin g p lan s__________________________________

20

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions_________________________
B. Occupational descriptions____________________________________

21
22

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a l l y in e a c h a r e a .
In fo r m a tio n on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s a nd s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f th e a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , in June 1966.
The Standard M e t r o ­
p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t t h r o u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s o f the c i t y o f W o r c e s ­
t e r and 21 t o w n s in W o r c e s t e r C o u n t y .
T h is s t u d y w a s
c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in B o s t o n , M a s s . ,
W en d ell D. M a cD on ald , D i r e c t o r ; b y L e o E pstein, under
th e d i r e c t i o n o f P a u l V . M u l k e r n ,
A ssistant R egion al
D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

1
4

areas.

*N OTE:
S im ila r tabu lation s a re
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r . )

a v a ilable fo r other

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s and s u p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in the W o r c e s t e r a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r w o m e n ' s c e m e n t - p r o c e s s s h o e s ( A p r i l 1965).
U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e
a v a ila b le f o r s e v e n s e l e c t e d b uildin g tr a d e s .

ill

12
13
14
15
16
18
19




Area Wage Survey—
The Worcester, Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u rea u of L a b o r S tatistics con du cts s u r v e y s of occu p a tio n a l earn ings
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , da ta
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
serv ices.
M a jo r in du stry gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e se stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a te tabulations a re
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lication c r it e r ia .

r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese o c c u p a t io n s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .
The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t co m p o s ite , area w id e e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th u s, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in divid u al e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O th er p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a i d i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
sam e survey jo b d escription .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r
actu a lly su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y t o i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ,
and a r e o f the
follow in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
( 3 )
m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e of
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b ility of d i s c l o s u r e o f in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o
a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n a nd t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . " O f f i c e w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu ring in du stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a rn in g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , b ut c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s ­
tab lish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( l ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p l y i n g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d as a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P aid h o lid a y s ;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r th e p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e. , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u gh th e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r i s n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w to t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b le B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith p a y is g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in th e s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t of annual e a rn in g s , o r fla t-su m a m o u n ts. H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n p a y , p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k 1s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

* An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plan s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u nio n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D ea th b e n e fit s a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f life in ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso p resen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
in su ra n c e under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym ents a r e m ad e d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s N s r a c c i d e n t
disability.
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted te m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su r a n c e law s w hich re q u ire e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , * p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n ­
2
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s ' w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the la w . T a b u l a t i o n s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y c u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b eca u se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p la n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d it io n
to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p li c a t e d
to t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d octors' fe e s.
Such plan s m a y be u n d e r w r itt e n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T a b u l a t i o n s o f r e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n p la n s a r e l i m i t e d
to- t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w ith in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p la n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t w h e t h e r to ta ke h is s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s within s c o p e o f su r v e y and n u m ber studied in W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., 1 by m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 June 1966
N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts

Industry d iv isio n

M inim um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercent

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s _______________________________________

.

278

90

62, 500

100

4 2 ,3 0 0

10,200

37, 320

M anufacturin g___ ________________________________
N on m an u factu rin g--------------------------------------------------T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
oth er pu b lic u tilitie s 5 ----------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e _______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e ____________________________________
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -----------S e r v ic e s 8
_________ ________________________

50
-

167
111

46
44

4 4 ,2 0 0
18,300

71
29

32, 500
9, 800

5, 200
5, 000

2 5 ,9 6 0
11,360

50
50
50
50
50

15
18
50
19
9

10
6
13
9
6

7
2
12
7
1

2, 900

4,
1,
7,
4,

400
400
300
300
900

)

800
(‘ )
)

(!)

(?)

(6)

(6)

3, 940
560
2, 870
3, 340
650

1 The W o r c e s t e r Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed by the B ureau o f the Budget through M arch 1965, c o n s is t s o f the c it y o f W o r c e s t e r , and the towns o f Auburn, B erlin ,
B o y ls to n , B r o o k fie ld , East B r o o k fie ld , G ra fto n , H olden , L e ic e s t e r , M illb u ry , N orth b orou gh , N o rth b rid g e , N orth B r o o k fie ld , O x fo r d , P a xton , S h rew sb u ry , S p e n ce r , S terlin g , Sutton, Upton,
W estb orou gh , and W est B oy lsto n in W o r c e s t e r County. The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n
o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The e stim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n with o th e r e m p loym en t in d exes fo r the area to m e a s u r e em ploym en t
tren d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age su r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se o f esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) sm a ll esta b lish m en ts a re
ex clu d ed fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a t io n Manual and the 1963 S upplem ent w e re u sed in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m e n ts by in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In clu d es all esta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at o r a bove the m in im um lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th ea ters a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 In clu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th e r w o r k e r s ex clu d e d fr o m the s e p a ra te plant and o f fi c e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w ater tra n sp o rta tio n w e re exclu ded.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a ll in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les. S epa ra te p resen ta tion
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv isio n is too sm a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple was
not d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f individual
e s ta b lis h m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n te d in e stim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o rtio n on ly in
e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s . S epa ra te p re se n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the re a s o n s given in footn ote 6 above.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir sh op s; m otion p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g
and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

The W o r c e s t e r Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a w as d efin ed in 1961 as the c it y o f W o r c e s t e r and 19 towns in W o r c e s t e r
C ounty.
The a r e a , as d efin ed through M arch 1965, in clu d e s the addition o f Paxton and Sterling^ towns in W o r c e s t e r County. T h is change
in are a d e fin itio n had p r a c t ic a lly no e ffe c t on the s c o p e o f the su rv e y .




O ver tw o -th ird s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the su r v e y in the
follo w in g table p r e s e n ts the m a jo r in d u stry grou p s and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

W o r c e s t e r are a w e re em p lo y e d in
as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m anufacturin g:

m an u factu rin g f ir m s .

Industry gro u p

S p e c ific in d u strie s

M ach in ery (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __________________28
P r im a r y m e t a ls ________________________________ 15
Stone, c la y , and g la s s p r o d u c t s ______________ 12
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s ____________________ 11
L ea th er and le a th e r p r o d u c ts __________________ 6
A p p a r e l__________________________________________ 5

S p e c ia l in d u stry m a ch in e ry (e x c e p t
m e ta lw o rk in g )_________________________________ 13
A b r a s iv e , a s b e s t o s , and m is c e lla n e o u s
n o n m e ta llic p r o d u c ts _________________________ 12
M etalw orkin g m a ch in e ry and equipm ent_____ 11
B la st fu r n a c e s , s te e l w o rk s , and ro llin g
and fin ish in g m ills ____________________________ 6
M is c e lla n e o u s p r im a r y m e ta ls ________________ 6
F o o tw e a r (e x c e p t r u b b e r )______________________ 5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is ba sed on e s tim a te s o f to ta l em p lo ym e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to actu al su rv e y .
P r o p o r tio n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as shown in table 1 above.

The

4
W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s of ch ange r e la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Cleiks, file, classes A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Cleiks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s du e to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
differen t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t of a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D a ta a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y t o r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n ly c h a n g e s in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not in flu en ced by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are
excluded because of a change in the description this year.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a ve ra ge h o u rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e ra g e sa la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th en m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f




Table 2.

the j o b s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eighted earnings
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d t o o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r t o th e a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m th e o n e p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r th e b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Worcester, Mass. ,
June 1966 and June 1965, and percents of change 1 for selected periods
Indexes
(June 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents o f change 1
June 1965
to
June 1966

June 1964
to
June 1965

June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
Tune 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

June 1960
to
June 1961

June 1966

June .1965

A ll industries:
O ffice clerical (men and w om en )-------Industrial nurses ( men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance ( men)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

116.9
118.0
115.2
121.7

110.8
111.2
109.0
113.9

5 .5
6. 1
5 .7
6.8

1.9
3. 1
2 .8
1.8

1.6
0
1.1
3.3

2 .7
2. 1
1.6
4. 2

4 .2
5.6
3.2
3 .9

3.6
1.1
3 .4
4 .7

Manufacturing:
O ffice clerical (men and w om en )-------Industrial nurses (men and w om en )-----Skilled maintenance (m en)------------------Unskilled plant (m e n )--------------------------

114.8
117.4
113.9
125.7

111.4
110. 1
108. 2
116.9

3.1
6 .6
5.3
7.6

2 .0
3. 2
2.8
2. 1

1.5
2—5
.
.9
3 .5

3. 2
1.6
1 .4
3.3

4 .2
5.6
2.8
7 .0

3 .7
1. 1
3 .4
3 .5

1 A ll changes are increases, unless otherwise indicated.
2 This decline largely reflects employee turnover within and between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number o f w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

*
50

*
55

t
60

*
65

t
70

t
75

t
80

T
85

$
90

*
95

*
100

i
105

s
110

t
115

t
120

i
125

$
130

t
135

140

and
under

M ean3

*

145

and
60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

i

4

3

-

-

-

-

1

5

3

5

2

1

-

-

119

40.

0

130 . 50

C L E R K S , A CCO U N TIN G , C L A S S B -

32

40.

0

96 . 30

9 7 . 50

84 . 0 0 - 108. 00

O F F IC E BOYS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

34
30

39 . 5
39 . 5

5 9 . 50
58 . 50

5 9 . 00
5 9 . 00

54. 0 0 53 . 5 0 -

64 . 00
63 . 50

11
11

8
6

9
9

3
2

2
2

-

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E o p e r a t o r s ,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------

33

39. 5

50

8 3 . 50

79. 5 0 -

88. 00

_

_

_

_

2

7

ii

9

1

45
28

38 5
37 5

71 30
6 4 50

73 00
71 50

55 0 0 53 0 0 -

79 00
76 00

12
12

-

12
8

8
8

-

7

-

-

B O O K KEEP IN G -M A CH IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

39
33

38 5
39 0

89 30
91 30

92 00
92 50

90 5 0 91 0 0 -

93 50
94 00

6

.
“

2
2

~

B O O K KEEPIN G -M A CH IN E O PER A TO R S,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING — --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

83
29
54

39 0
39 5
39 0

72 30
78 50
69 30

74 00
83 00
69 50

62 0 0 69 5 0 59 5 0 -

84 00
86 00
79 00

8

13

13

3

2
6

12

-

L
9

7
5

8
5

2
i

C L E R K S , ACCO U N TIN G , C LA S S A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

204
108
96

39. 0 99 30
4 0 . 0 103 30
38 0
94 50

99 50
105 50
89 00

79 5 0 - 121 50
84 0 0 - 125 50
74 0 0 - 121 00

_

_

4

8

9

12

22

11

6

-

-

-

-

b

4

-

4

ft

5
17

6

-

9
3

5

2

C L E R K S , ACCO U N TIN G , C LA S S 8 -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

294
128
166

38 5
39 5
38 0

79 30
76 50
80 50

75 50
75 50
76 00

65 0 0 65 0 0 65 5 0 -

3
3

13

57

32
13
19

26
16

9

30
4
26

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

108
39
69

38
40
37.

0
0
0

62 50
68 30
59 30

59 50
70 00
58 50

57 0 0 - 68 50
59 0 0 - 80 00
56 0 0 - 62 50

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

110
45
65

38. 5
40. 0
37 5

59 50
65 30
56 30

60 50
65 00
56 50

54 5 0 - 65 50
62 0 0 - 70 00
50 0 0 - 60 50

C L E R K S , ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING .-------------------------------------

32
30

39. 5
40 0

77 50
78 50

73 50
73 50

71 5 0 72 0 0 -

79 50
B2 50

i
-

C L E R K S . P A Y R O LL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

157
97
60

39 0
39 5
38 5

61 50
81 50
81 50

79 50
80 50
79 00

70. 0 0 - 91 50
71 0 0 - 92 50
64 0 0 - 89 50

_

COMPTOMETER O PERATO RS ---------------------------

57

38 5

79 30

82 00

75 5 0 -

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C LA S S A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

111
68

39 5
39 5

82 50
79 30

82 00
80 00

73 5 0 73 5 0 -

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C LA S S B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

179
52
127

39 0
40 0
39 0

66 50
72 50
63 50

67 00
70 50
63 50

60 0 0 67 0 0 54 5 0 -

73 50
74 00
73 00

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

4

2

4

13

-

2

29

7

11

27

-

-

-

*

-

-

2

-

-

-

14

11
10
1

3

32
4
28

14
14

9

1
1

2
2

_

-

1
1

4
2
2

145

3

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M ACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

105

over

i

C L E R K S , A CCO U N TIN G , C L A S S A -

03

55

13 2 . 50 1 2 2 . 0 0 - 139. 50

-

3 27

-■

-

-

-

-

WOMEN

See footnotes at end of table.




_

_

2

2

“

“

_

_

2
6
6

93 00
87 50
97 00

2

8
-

11

9

2

2

9

7

8

22

5

35

48

15

12

1

10
4

6

13
7

2

8

36

14

6

16

13

24

29

17

9

11
6

16

2

ii

2
22

20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33
15
18

6
6
-

-

-

-

~

85 00

3

4

1

-

95 50
84 50

-

2

2

n

-

2

-

8

32

37
-

37

-

8

4

33

5

20

27

13

31
15
16
39
17

22
12
9
3

5
4

4
35

22
13

ii
3

8

_

30
28

6

10

3

3
3

1
1

_

_

-

-

9

21

i
1
14
9
5

12
2

10

26

4

7

6

2
1

9

3
3

-

1
l

-

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

“

~

~

19

2
2

2
2

1
1

9

4
4

_

9

i

22
21
19

24

17

10

8

14

1

2

9

19
17

12

2

6

5

25

4

19
17

14

12

22

10

37
16
19

14

14
-

_

_

4
4

3

5
2

7
5

3

2

3

4

4

-

2

-

-

“

9

2

27
-

2
2

19

10

2

13
4
9

-

-

_

5

-

-

-

b

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on ar a re a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1966)
Weekly earrings*
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
s

Average
weekly

’standard)

$
45

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

*
55

%

$

i

%

*

t

$

65

70

75

85

90

95

100

105

no

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

60

83

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

9

14

4

10

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

25
10
15

12
7
5

33
21
17

48
37
11

41
28
13

38
24
14

52
37
15

26
24

32
27

2

3

1
-

4

14

15

75

-

115

120

s

l

s

s

125

130

135

140

145

-

-

-

-

and

125

130

135

140

15
11
4

4
i

5

34
:.7
1.7

3

5
4
i

_
"

5
5
~

3
“

1
1

13
12

2
2

5
3

-

-

-

5

3

11
9
2

8
4
4

19
10
9

4
2

4
3
1

-

4

-

t

-

-

and
under

%

80

-

70

60

50

WOMEN -

$

s

\

65

-

50

145 over

CONTINUED

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------

41

37.5

$
60.50

$
59.50

$
$
5 5 .5 0 - 67.00

SECRETARIES4 5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

381
256
125

39.0
39.0
38.0

98.30
100.30
94.50

98.00
100.00
94.50

8 7.0 0-11 0.5 0
8 8.50-111.00
8 2.5 0-10 9.0 0

SECRETARIES. CLASS A5------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

A3
31

39.0
39.0

110.50
119.30

112.50
114.00

1 01.00-123.00
111.00-141.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS B 5------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g — -------------------------

117
52
65

38.5
40.0
38.0

101.30
105.30
98.50

102.50
107.00
99.50

9 0.5 0-11 5.5 0
9 2.00-117.00
8 9.0 0-11 4.5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 5------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ---------------------------

82
52
30

39.0
39.5
38.5

95.30
99.30
88.00

95.00
100.50
88.00

8 6.5 0-10 5.0 0
9 0.00-111.00
8 3 .5 0 - 94.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES. CLASS 0 s------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

139
121

39.0
39.0

93.50
93.50

93.00
93.00

8 3.50-103.00
8 4.5 0-10 2.5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

200
152
48

39.0
39.5
38.0

78.30
78.50
75.30

78.00
79.50
73.00

69.007 0.5 06 5.0 0-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

94
82

40.0
40.0

84.30
83.50

85.50
86.00

7 9.0 07 9.0 0-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

91.00
90.50

_

_

-

_
-

-

2

-

-

-

2

-

9
9

_
-

5
6

14
12

3

3

5

2

6

11

10

2

4
i
3

~

-

3
1

_
-

13
5
8

16
7
9

10
5

10

8
2

10
6
4

6
6

10
10

2
2

2
2

_
-

-

~

-

_
-

19
16

16
16

13
13

23
23

a
8

1
1

11

4
4

_

1
1

-

-

-

22

7
5

2

4
4

6
6

4

13
12
1

24
23

21
19

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

86.50
87.00
84.50

-

_

-

13
9

8
7

20
8
12

36
27
9

28

29

22

22

6

7

31
28
3

1

4

1

~

3

4

5
5

17
13

17
15

26

9

5
22
20

3

3

5

-

-

-

“

“

2

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

..

~

“

-

-

-

-

3

2

”

2

-

-

-

-

5
5

3

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

*

-

-

-

-

_

-

“

“

-

-

_
-

2
2

-

3

_

CLASS A5 --------

43

39.5

86.50

87.50

8 1.0 0-

94.00

-

-

-

-

3

4

2

8

11

6

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

105
73
32

39.5
40.0
38.5

75.50
77.50
71.00

73.00
74.00
70.50

6 8.0 069.5065.50-

84.50
86.50
77.00

-

_

_

7

-

-

-

27
19

7
5

5
5

“

“

7

8

2

9
8
1

13

-

30
21
9

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

-

1

6

4

-

4

3

7

4
2
2

7
7

31

24

7

4

6

4

4

18

10
1
9

7

6
25

3

3

3
1

12
3
9

13

23
17

40

14

25

8

36

11
4

6

4

8
6

8

5

18

7

-

43

12

48
27

63
58

4
4

21

1
1

3
2

28

50
36
14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

35

39.5

88.30

90.00

7 2.50-103.50

-

-

TRANSCRISING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

94
26

37.5
39.5
36.5

72.30
76.30
70.50

71.00
74.50
70.00

67.006 9.0 06 6.5 0-

77.50
86.50
75.00

_

_

68

TYP ISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

140
85
55

39.5
39.5
38.5

72.50
72.00
73.50

73.00
72.00
78.50

6 7.0 06 8.0 06 5 .0 0 -

80.50
75.50
83.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------------------- 1
5
4
*
2

236
163
73

39.0
39.5
37.5

66.50
68.50
62.50

6 8 .0 0

6 2.0 06 5 .0 0 5 8.5 0-

73.00
74.00
67.50

70.50
62.00

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_
-

2
2

5

25
22
3

-

8
5

1

7

_

_
-

1
“
*

-

-

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings co rresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is com puted fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The m edian designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half re ce ive le ss than the rate shown.
The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn le s s than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
* W orkers w ere distributed as follow s: 24 at $ 145 to $ 150; 1 at $ 150 to $ 155; and 2 at $ 155 to $ 160.
4 May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.
5 D escription fo r this occupation has been re vise d since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




k

7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division,* W orcester, M ass., June 1966)
Weekly earnings1
2
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—

S

Average
weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

S
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

S

110

$

115

S

120

and
under

( standard)

75

125

$

S

$

I

$

$

130

$
135

$
140

145

150

155

160

165

170

135

140

145

150

155

160

165__ 170

over

an
80

85

90

95

100,

105

110

115

120

125

130

$
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -

170
168

40.0 141.50 142.00 131.5040.0 141.30 141.50 13 1. 50 -

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

215
209

40.0 123.00 123.00 116.50-131.50
40.0 122.50 123.00 116.00-131.50

13

16

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -

140

39.5 100.50 101.50
39.5 99.50 1 0 1 . 0 0

92.00-110.50
91.50-109.50

24
24

17
15

133

153.50
154.00

dr aft sme n- t r a c e r s 3
manu fac turing -

40.0
40.0

83.00
83.00

NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39.5 104.50 105.00
39.5 103.50 104.00

47

15
25
25

4
4

7
2

80.00- 91.50
80.00- 91.50

97.00-112.50
96.50-111.00

84.00
84.00

1 Standard hours reflect the w orkweek for which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp ond to these w eekly hours.
2 P or definition o f term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




$

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry d ivision , W o rce ste r, M ass., June 1966)
Average

O ccupation and industry division

Number

Number
of
workers

45
28

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------

39
33
83
29
54

$
37.5

Weekly
earnings '
(standard)

179
52
127

39.0
40.0
39.0

66.50
72.50
63.50

38.5

89.00
91.30

OFFICE BOYS AN0 GI R L S --------------------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------------------------

75
45
30

38.0
39.5
36.5

60.00
59.50
60.50

TA BU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

381
256
125

39.0
39.5
39.0

72.30
78.50
69.30

39.0 110.50
40.0 117.30
38.5 101.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------

326
144
182

39.0
39.5
38.0

39.0 98.00
39.0 100.00
38.0 94.50

108
39
69

38.0
40.0
37.0

62.50
68.30
59.30

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS




59.50
65.30
56.00

39.5
39.5

92.50
94.00

164
99
65

CLERKS, PAYROLL --MANUFACTURING -NONMANUFACTURING

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING —

38.5
40.0
37.5

110

CLASS A

39.0
39.5
38.5

82.50
81.50
84.50

57

38.5

79.30

39.5
39.5

82.50
79.00

(standard'

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------

32
36

39.5
40.0
39.0

$
76.00
71.50

TRANSCRI BI NG -M AC HI NE 0PEFAT0RS,
37.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS B 3-------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

117
52
65

38.5 101.00
40.0 105.00
38.0
98.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS C 3-------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

82
52
30

39.0
39.5
38.5

95.00
99 .DO
88.00

SECRETARIES. CLASS D 3-------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

139
121

39.0
39.0

200
152
48

39.0
39. 5
36.0

78.00
78.50
75.00

94
82

40.0
40.0

CLASS A 3----

43

39. 5

105
73
32

39.5
40.0
38.5

75.50
77.50
71.00

72.00
76.00
70.50

MANUFACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

85
55

39.5
39.5
38.5

72.50
72.00
73.50

237
164
73

39.0
39.5
37.5

66.50
68.50
62.50

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A 3-----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

170
168

40.0 141.50
40.0 141.DO

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3-----------------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

216
210

40.0 123.00
40.0 122.50

141
134

39.5 100.50
39.5 99.50

DR AF TS M E N - T R A C E R S 3 ---------------------------------------------MA NUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

53
53

40.0
40.0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------------------------

52
48

39.5 105.DO
39.5 104.50

86.50

SWITCHBOARD 0P ER AT 0R -R EC EP TI ON ISTSMANUFACTURING --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

36.5

84.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

68

MANUFAC T UR I NG
nonmanufacturing

93.50
93.50

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL -------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

— ——
—— —
-----------------------------

MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

39.0 110.50
39.0 119.00

STENOGRAPHERSt SENIOR ---------------

CLERKS, ORDER —
MANUFACTURING

45
65
51
47

—

Weekly

MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

43
31

80.50
78.00
82.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MA NUFACTURING ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

O ccupation and industry division

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS A 3----------------------323
189
134

Number
of
workers

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERA 0RS,
vLAjj u
™™" i - - —

- CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------

64.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MA NU FACTURING -----------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG --------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING -----

Average

Weekly
hours 1
2
standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ------

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------

Average

O ccupation and industry division

SE CR ET AR IE S2 3------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

of

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sa la ries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.
3 D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

84.00
84.00

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1966)
Hourly ea mings

O ccupation and industry division

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

1

Number
of
M ean 23 Median

2

Middle range 2

$
$
$
$
s
*
s
t
$
$
t
s
i
s
t
i
$
$
t
%
2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 • 7 . 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . A0 3. 50 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0
C
Under
and
S
2 .0 0 under
2 .1 0 2 .2 0

CARPENTERS, MA INTENANCE -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

75
65

$
3 .0 2
2 .9 3

$
3 .0 2
2 .9 5

$
$
2 . 6 5 - 3 .3 8
2 . 6 2 - 3 .3 3

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

186
167

3 .3 3
3 .2 9

3 .5 5
3 .5 2

3 .0 5 3 .0 2 -

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

51
39

3 .1 1
3 .1 3

3 .1 9
3.21

2 .8 5 - 3 .3 0
3 .1 1 - 3 .2 9

-

-

~

-

FIREMEN, ST ATIONARY BOILER --------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

98
95

2 .5 5
2 .5 5

2 .5 1
2 .5 3

2 .3 0 - 2 .7 8
2 .3 0 - 2 .7 8

3
3

HELPERS, MA INTENANCE TRADES -------MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

59
26

2 .5 2
2 .3 6

2 .3 8
2 .3 9

2 . 3 1 - 2 .5 3
2 . 1 9 - 2 .5 1

2
2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

195
195

3 .0 0
3 .0 0

3.01
3.01

2 . 6 6 - 3 .5 0
2 . 6 6 - 3. A0

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------MA NUFACTURING ---------------------

228
225

3 .1 0
3 .0 9

3 .0 5
3 .0 5

2 . 8 7 - 3 .5 5
2 .8 7- 3.A 5

-

-

~

“

MECHANICS, AU TOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

119
95
85

3 .0 1
3 .0 2
3 .0 7

3 .0 3
3.2 3
3.2 5

2 . 6 5 - 3 .2 9
2 . 5 8 - 3 .3 3
2 . 5 9 - 3 .3 5

MECHANICS, MA INTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

311
302

3 .0 5
3 .0 5

3 .1 7
3.1 7

2 . 6 7 - 3 .5 3
2 . 6 9 - 3 .5 3

MI LLWRIGHTS --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------

51
AO

2 .8 0
2 -8 0

2 .8 5
2 .8 3

2 . 5 5 - 3 .2 1
2 . A3- 3 .2 1

OILERS --------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------- ------------

59
59

2 .5 5
2 .5 5

2 .6 2
2 .6 2

2 . 5 2 - 2 .7 2
2 . 5 2 - 2 .7 2

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

93
92

3 .2 0
3 .2 1

3 .2 6
3 .2 5

3 .1 7 - 3 .3 5
3 . 1 8 - 3 .3 5

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

36
36

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

255
255

3 .0 3
3 .0 3

2 .9 7
2 .9 7

2 . 8 3 - 3 .2 5
2 . 8 3 - 3 .2 5

2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .a :. 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

3 .1 5 - 3 .2 8
3 .1 5 - 3 .2 8

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

2 .3 0 2 .5 0

3 .5 7
3 .5 5

3
3

2
2

6
6

3
A

6
6

-

2

6

-

6

18
18

19
19

6
5

1

-

-

-

-

10
10

-

7
7

10
10

32
32

36
36

23
23

15

“

9
A
A

ii
ii

2
2

8
8

11
10

2
2

-

7
7

5

“

5

_

-

-

-

6
6

-

3
3

1
-

i

_

6
6

5
5

17
1A

9
9

-

-

25
25

1

-

20
20

6
2

3
3

_

17
7

9
6

2
2

A
A

-

1

5
5

-

20
20

i
i

3
3

22
22

12
12

13
13

15
15

10
10

5

-

5

33
33

25
2A
25

5
3
2

5
5

A

-

“
_

-

-

_

-

“
7

7
_

-

i

"

-

10
6

*

9
9

3A
3A

38
38

6
6

11
ii

1
1

2
2

2
2

-

2
2

2
2

_

-

-

8

11

ft

11

2
2

16
16

A
2

A
A

11
11

33
53

20
20

_

28
26
26

23
23
23

6

_

-

6

-

6

-

-

-

*

3
3

20
20

18
18

22
22

9A
95

10
10

_

5

-

1
1

7

3

_

3

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

6
5

9
9

35
33

22
21

9
9

5
5

5
5

_

3
3

3

-

2
2

2
2

7
7

i
-

i

6
6

12
12

2
2

16
16

12
12

2
2

-

-

-

"

_

5

1
1

6

-

5

i

A
A

-

58
58

36
36

16
16

-

5
5

_

1
1

-

A
A

-

-

_

-

-

0

-

-

5

"

_

_

-

“

-

-

_

-

i
-

-

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

15
15

-

A

_
-

A3
53

6

30
30

-

_

_

-

_

-

1
1

3

2
2

1

25

2
2

_

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

22
22

_

-

-

8
8

6
6

“

2
2

“

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

2

2

12
12

ii
ii

15
15

1

1

3
3

2
2

26
26

31
31

3

1
1

9
9

_

_

-

-

23

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

*

-

_

1

-

_

-

Data fo r all occupations except m aintenance trades helpers are not exactly com parable to estim ates fo r e a rlie r yea rs. P revious
estim ates have included an understatem ent of w ages in one m ajor m anufacturing establishm ent. Wage trends have been adjusted to elim inate
the e ffe c t of this e r r o r .

-

-

-

16
16

3

-

-

-

-

23

9

A

36
36

9

9

A

7
_

-

12
12

1 E xcludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F o r definition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Tran sportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




over

5

-

1
1

_

3 .5 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0

5
5

5
5

-

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0

-

-

1

1

-

“
-

*
-

7
7

-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W o rce ste r, M ass. , June 1966)

See footnotes at end of table.




Data for m ost occupations are not exactly com parable to estim ates for e a r lie r years. Previous estim ates understated wages in one
m ajor manufacturing establishm ent. The average earnings for several jobs— m aterial handling la b o re rs in particular— w ere also affected
by changes in jo b duties in several establishm ents. These changes involved the lo s s of a number o f low er-p aid w ork ers in manufacturing
firm s and higher-paid w orkers in nonmanufacturing firm s . Wage trends have been adjusted to elim inate the effect of reporting e r r o r s .

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W orcester, M a s s ., June 1966)
Numbe r o f wo r k e r

Hourly earnings 2

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

$
1 .2 0
workers

Mean 34

t

1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

1 .7 0

1.8 0

$
1.30

*
1.4 0

$
1.5 0

%

1.40

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

r e c e iving straight- tim e h ou r ly ea rnings o f ----

$
2.0 0

$
2 .1 0

s
2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

*
2 .40

$
2.7 0

s
2 .8 0

2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

%

2.5 0

$
2 .6 0

$

1.8 0

$
1 .9 0

3 .1 0

s
3 .2 0

s
3.4 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2 50

2.6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3.1 0

3 .2 0

3.4 0

3 .6 0

ove r

~
-

-

~

7

-

-

-

-

32
32

18
17

91

-

-

-

-

162
162
162

-

-

-

3

9
-

8
8

-

-

41
25

19
11

25
9

7
7

1
1

%

M edian 3

1 .3 0

TR UC KDRIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 6-------------7

325
219
162

$
3.0 5
3.1 4
3.3 1

$
2 .9 9
3 .3 3
3 .3 5

$
2 .9 1 2 .8 9 3 .3 3 -

$
3.3 5
3 .3 7
3 .3 8

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------NO NM ANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 6--------------

257
238
174

3.0 1
3 .0 3
3.3 1

3 .3 3
3 .3 3
3.3 5

2 .7 2 2 .8 5 3 .3 3 -

3.3 6
3 .3 7
3 .3 8

210
168

2.5 7
2.5 3

2.6 1
2 .4 4

2 .3 2 2 .1 8 -

2.7 9
2 .7 3

42
42

3.3 1
3.3 1

2 .9 8
2.9 8

2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

4.2 8
4.2 8

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ■
MANUFACTURING -----------TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

IS
B

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

~

_

~

_

Data li m it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x ce p t w he re o t h e rw i se indic ate d.
E x cl u d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w ee ke nd s, ho lid ay s, and late
shifts.
F o r def ini tio n o f t e r m s , se e footnote Z , table A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e di str ibu te d as fo l lo w s:
I Z at $ 3 . 6 0 to $ 3 . 8 0 ; 3 at $ 4to $ 4 . 2 0 ;
14 at $ 4 . 4 0 to $ 4 . 6 0 ;
Incl ude s all d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and type o f tr u c k op e ra te d .
T ra ns po r t at io n, co m m u n i ca t io n , and ot her public ut ilitie s.
W o r k e r s w e r e di str ibu te d as f ol lo w s:
18 at $ 4 . 2 0 to $ 4 . 4 0 ; and 1 at $ 4 . 6 0 to $ 4 . 8 0 .




and

“

under

4
4

10
10

24
24

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

12
12

i
-

19
16

25
23

11
11

1
1

36
36

9
9

9

_

2

i
i

9
9

and 4 at $ 4 . 6 0 and o v e r .

2

9

_

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

-

_

_

176
174
174

-

1
1

18
18

_

s
3.6 0

_

-

-

4
4

7 19
19

12
B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 96 6)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1
2

_

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m __
_
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 . 50
$ 5 5 . 00
$ 5 7 . 50
$ 6 0 . 00
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 . 50
$70. 00
$ 7 2 . 50
$75. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f ----

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
sc h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s tu d ie d __

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f ---40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

_ _ _ _ _

90

46

XXX

44

XXX

90

46

_____ ___

38

20

19

18

8

47

22

3

_

-

3

_

3
1
12
7
5
5
5
2
1
1

3
4
3
4
4

1

-

4

1

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
1

2

-

-

2

L

under $ 4 7 .5 0 _
_ _
____
___
__
_
u n d e r $ 5 0 . 0 0 ...............
.. ..
u n d e r $ 5 2 . 50__ _____ ___
__
_
_
u n d e r $ 5 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
u n d e r $ 5 7 . 50_____________
________
und e r $ 6 0 . 0 0 _________ __
----------- -------u n d e r $ 6 2 . 50----------- _
------- ------- _
u n d er $ 6 5 .0 0
___ ___
u n d e r $ 6 7 . 50_____________
_ _
____ ___
u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 ....................................................................
und e r $ 7 2 . 5 0_
_ ____
_
__
_
u n d e r $ 7 5 . 00
-------o v e r -------------------------------------------------------------------------

44

XXX

21

25

13

2

3
1
9
3
2

_
8
-

-

-

-

-

-

9
4
6
6
3

3
1
4
5
3
1
1

3
1
3
5
3
1
1

6
3
2
1

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1
-

1

1

i

2

1
1
1

-

2

1

i

1

-

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____________

17

12

XXX

5

XXX

20

14

XXX

6

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d i d n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y
____
__ _____
__ — — — --------

35

14

XXX

21

XXX

23

10

XXX

13

XXX

1

1
1
1
1

1
-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
3 D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




sta n d a rd w o rk w e e k s .

2

2
4

1

1

-




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 96 6)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g o n —

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h i ft w o r k

S e c o n d s h i ft

T o t a l ______________________________________________________

85. 4

77. 9

17. 1

5. 2

W it h s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ___________________________

79. 8

77. 9

16. 2

5. 2

48. 2

44. 6

10. 1

3. 4

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h ou r)

__ ___
_

_ _
_

5 c e n t s ___
_________ _____ _ - _________
7 c e n t s _ ________________________________________
8 c en t s ___________________________________________
10 c e n t s ____________________________ ____________
1034 c e n t s „
/
_________ ____ _
____________
12 c e n t s __________________________________________
14 c e n t s _____ ________ _______ ___________ ____ _
15 c e n t s ______ _________________ ______________
19 c e n t s __ ___ _____________ ___________________
20 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------------------U n if o r m p e r c e n t a g e

______________________ _________

5 p e r c e n t __________________ ____________
_____ ~
7 p e r c e n t -------------- --------------------------------------------------8 p e r c e n t ___________________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________

W it h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _______

________________

6.
8.
6.
18.
1.
2.
1.
2.

8
2
4
4
6
3
7
8

31. 6

6. 8
1. 2
.9

22. 8

2. 8
-

14.
1.
6.
14.
1.
2.

5
6
4
7
7
8

.
1.
1.
3.
.
.
.
.

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

. 3

9
5
6
8
7
4
6
7

-

. 9
. 3
1. 0
. 5

-

(2)
. 3

-

33. 3

6. 0

-

1. 3

33. 3

4. 5

5. 6

1

(2)
. 1

1

.

. 8
_

1

. 8

0

'

1 I n clu d e s e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

c o v e r in g

la t e

s h i ft s

14
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 96 6)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f i c e v /o r k e r s

W e e k ly h o u r s
A l l i n d u s t r ie s 1

A l l 1w o r k e r s

_ _

_

____

U n d e r 35 h o u r s
35 h o u r s __ _____ ___ _ _____ ___ _____________ ____
_
_
36 h o u r s
..
. ..
3 6 Vi h o u r s
363 a h o u r s
/
3 7 V2 h o u r s _______________________________
O v e r 3 7 72 a n d u n d e r 40 h o u r s ___________________
40 h o u r s
_
_
O v e r 4 0 and u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s ______________________
_____ _____ .
. . . . _____
.
45 h o u r s
48 h o u r s
_
_ _
_

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

2

100
-

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 3

100

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

1
4
2
1

9
1

67
2

-

11
70
1

6

5

5
4

6
5

2
1

1

15
1
17
1
62
-

16
2
81
-

1 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d l e a l e s t a t e , a._d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s




M a n u fa c t u r in g

show n se p a r a te ly .

21
79
-

15
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
Ite m
A l l in d u s t r i e s 1

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s _________ ___ _ _ . — _____

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 2

A ll in d u s t r i e s 3

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

100

99

100

100

3

-

-

(4)

1

1

.

.

.

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

N u m ber o f days

2 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
4 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________ _
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y — —
__ ______ ____
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ___________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 4 h a lf d a y s _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
9 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
10 h o l i d a y s _- __________________________ ____ ____ _____
10 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------------------------- ----------

-

-

-

(4 )

(4)

7

8
1
2
21
1
7
36
6
5
8
3

-

2

4

-

-

19
-

-

65

.

1
2

17
1
5
36
4
3
11
2
6

9
7
-

2
1

6
(4)
2
26
6
2
(4)
9
3
35
3

3
3

13
1
4
41
12
5
7
7

1
2
20

-

-

53

1

24

1
8
20
31
79
79
95
95
99
100
100
100

24
78
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

T o t a l h o l id a y t i m e 5

IOV2 d a y s - _____ ___ - ------- -------------------------------10 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------- ------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________ ____________
772 d a y s o r m o r e ___________ ________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------6 d a y s o r m o r e ______________ — _______
______
5 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
4 d a y s o r m o r e _____________ ________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ______
—
____ — ----------- —

1
2
3
4
5
n o h a lf

_
8
23
27
68
69
87
88
94
94
95
97

_
3
15
21
64
65
88
88
97
97
98
100

_
65
84
84
90
90
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
41
53
59
88
89
97
97
99
99
99
99

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y - d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f fu l l and h a lf d a y s that a dd t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w it h 7
d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n . P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




fu ll

days

and

Table B-5. Paid Vacations
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 96 6)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w ork ers

M a n u fa c t u r in g

O ffic e w o rk e rs
P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it i e s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
89
11

100
90
10

100
81
19

100
95
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

100
93
7
_
_

100
96
4
_
.

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
67

5
68
1
2

24

91

10
_
90

82

4
1
96

95

M eth od o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s
_
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a v m en t. ..
P e rce n ta g e pa ym en t
F la t-s u m p a y m en t
O th er
___
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s

(5 )

A m ou n t o f v a c a tio n pay 6
A fte r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
U n der 1 w e e k
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks

28
16
-

37
9
_

3

-

9
_
37

77
1

89
2
9

26
74

56
5
38

65
7
28

74

23
8
69

26
10
64

-

3
-

5
_

100

97

95

23
8
69
(5 )

26
10
64

-

3
-

5
_

100

97

95

100

-

-

-

-

6
3
85

6
3
89

-

___

(5 )
9

5

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______ __________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
__ _
2 w eeks

21

9
-

18
_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks

26
-

§
_

2
1
96

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ____ ___________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks

-

100

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________ _
3 w eeks
__
.
. . .......................

-

(5 )

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
_ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
3 w eeks

.
___

-

-

100
-

6

1

-

6
1
47
2
41

6
2
53
2
37

_
-

1
-

2
_

_
_

92

95
_

100

3

-

(5)
7

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek ________ ___
___________ ___ _
_
_
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
. .
............... ......
2 w eeks
.
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________ _
3 w eeks
_

3

S e e f o o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




26
-

74

1
-

54

1
42

2
49
2
47

22
_
78

17
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
----Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1966)
P la n t w o r k e r s
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

O ffic e w o r k e r s

A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

6
1
38
5
47
3

6
2
42
6
43

7
93

-

-

6
1
8
2
77

6
2
5
3
84

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a v 6— C o n t in u e d
A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek _
. . . . . .
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
__
3 w eeks
_ _
4 w eeks
_ _

_

i
47
3
46
3

2
40
6
52

1
5

2
2
1
95
-

-

.

_
i
_
99
-

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s
4 w e e k s _ ___
____
_ _ ______

-

-

5

-

_

72
28

(5 )
86
(5 )
7

-

.

47
53

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s
4 w eeks

6

1
8
47

3
.

.

...

...

34

6
2

5
52
4
31

_
-

31
69

1
5
59

2

_

2
47

-

2
32

5
44

1

26
74

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s __
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w eeks

6
1
7

6
2

33
53

35
51

_
100

-

-

-

5

.

-

2
-

3

2

_

36
60

37
58

6
94

(5 )

-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
2 w eeks
3 w eeks
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w eeks

6
1
7
33
44
8

2

_
-

5

-

6

35
41

10

-

91
9

1
-

3
36
51
9

2

_

-

-

2
37
41
17

-

6
92
2

1 I n c l u d e s b a s i c p la n s o n l y . E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s and t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lif y in g le n g t h s
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o le s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .
6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t im e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d t o a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t ,
o f an n u al e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k s ' p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n a n d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .




Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a l:
i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io jt b e n e f i t s , 1 W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 96 6)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e f it
A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

---- _ _

100

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b l ic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e
.
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u ra n ce
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e n r hnth 5

91

91

100

97

96

100

68

71

93

71

82

83

89

94

93

92

96

99

S ic k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e
S ic k l e a v e ( f u l l p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d )
S ic k l e a v e ( p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _____________________________

82

93

62

70

91

75

8

1

34

72

69

99

31

1

3

"

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n i n s u r a n c e - —
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
M e d ic a l insurance _
____
C a ta s tro p h e in s u r a n c e
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n —

94
94
90
59
76
2

98
98
98
77
93

100
100
96
91
85

2
98
98
93
62
79
1

100
100
100
81
93

96
97
96
81
91
(6 )

(6 )

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l is h a t l e a s t
th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




19
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and T h e ir Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g health in su ra n ce b en efits
c o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir depen den ts, W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1966)
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffice w o rk e rs

T yp e o f b e n e fit, c o v e r a g e , and financing 1
A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s

------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g ;
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ______________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s on ly
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced _____________________
J oin tly fin a n ced ---------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
depen dents - -------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ----------------------------------J oin tly fin a n ced - --------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r dependents
-----S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n l y ---------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced - ---------------------------J oin tly fin a n ced -----------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d -------------------------------J o in tly fin a n ced ________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r depen den ts----------M e d ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly —----------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ------ _ ---------------------J oin tly fin a n ced ------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts --------------------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced _______________________
J o in tly fin a n ced ------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r depen den ts- ------C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e --------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly
------------------- E m p lo y e r fin a n ced ----------------------------------J o in tly fin a n c e d ---------------------------------------C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
d e p e n d e n ts _________________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced
----------------------------J o in tly fin a n ce d ---------------------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n ced fo r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ced fo r d epen den ts-----------

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

94
20
14
6

98
20
16
4

100
-

98
16
14

100
-

-

96
11
8
3

2

-

74
31
39

78
31
42

100
54
41

85
24
60

82
32
47

-

-

100
59
37

4

5

6

2

3

5

94
20
14
6

98
20
16

100
-

97
11
8
3

98
16
15

100

2

-

74
30
40

78
30
43

85
23
60

82
31
48

100
>;
37

4

100
54
41

-

4

5

6

2

3

5

90
19
12

100

96
11
8

98
16
14

96

6

93
18
14
4

3

2

-

72
29
39

75
28
42

100
54
41

85
24
59

82
32
47

96
59
33

-

4

5

6

3

5

59
6
2
4

62

81

81
3
1

77

91
-

2

-

-

2

2

-

53
18
30

56
20
33

81
7
37

78
15
59

73
25
44

91
1
66

5

3

37

4

3

24

6
2
4

2

4

1 In clu d es plans fo r w h ich at le a st a part o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r .
See footn ote 1, table B -6 .
An e s ta b lis h m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as p r o v id in g b en efits to e m p lo y e e s fo r th eir
depen dents i f s u ch c o v e r a g e w as av a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f th ose e m p lo y e e s one w ould u su a lly e x p e ct to have d ep en d en ts, e . g. , m a r r ie d m en , even though th ey w e r e le s s than a m a jo r ity
o f a ll plant o r o f fic e w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y e r b e a r s the e n tire c o s t o f " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s.
The e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e sh a re the c o s t o f " jo in t ly fin a n c e d " pla n s.
2 In clu d es data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er pu b lic u tilitie s .
4 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .




20
Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plan®
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1966)

±
Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

T yp e o f plan
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

M anufacturing

100

100

11

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

A ll in d u s t iie s 4

M anufacturing

100

100

8

25

13

2

3

2

8

5

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

10

100

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g
P lan s p rov id in g fo r c u r r e n t

P lan s p rov id in g fo r d e fe r r e d

P lans p r o v id in g fo r both c u r r e n t

P lan s p r o v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e
13
W ork ers in es ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
89

1
advance
plant o r
2
3
4

92

100

75

87

100

Th e study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit s h a r e s am on g e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e r e c o m m u n ica te d to the e m p lo y e e s in
o f the d e te r m in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a co m m itm e n t b y the co m p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic c o n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y exten ds to a m a jo r ity o f the
o f fi c e w o r k e r s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in ad d ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary inform ation for more specific categories.
Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels o f responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title o f secretary are not comparable to data previously published.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




21

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types o f inform ation provided.
The combination o f class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
i f previously published.
Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
d iffer significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisor,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p art-tim e, temporary, and probationary w o rk er.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b i lle r , m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follows: .

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
w riter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, arid fa m iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

B iller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase o rd e r, internally prepared o rd e r, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies o f the b ill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts p ayab le, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under b ille r, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist :in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

B iller, machine (bookkeeping m achine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare custom er' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on custom er' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of ve rtic al
columns and computes, and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

22

23
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woriters.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a sm all group of lower le v e l file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m a terial. M ay perform related clerical tasks required to m aintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
c le ric a l and manual tasks required to m aintain and service files.

C L E R K , O R D E R — Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been fille d , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing inform ation such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance,' and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform m athe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tic a l or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces m ultiple copies of typewritten or handwritten m atter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto m achine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto m aster. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, c o llate , and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m a il,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a num erical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
le v e l keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

24
K E Y P U N C H O P ER A TO R — Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document’ the items to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing inform ation,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor c le ric al work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, norm ally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the d ay-to-d ay work
activities o f the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typ ically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




S E C R E T A R Y — Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are title d "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, techn ical, or m anagerial pe:?sons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tia lly more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, adm inistrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the le v e l definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to m ajor com pary activities. The title
"vice president, " though norm ally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following le v e l definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) of a company that employs, in a ll, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer le v e l) o f a m ajor segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in a ll, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

25
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

ST EN O G R A P H E R , G EN ER A L— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a m ajor corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a m ajor geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
of a company that employs, in a ll, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
em ployees; or

May m aintain files, keep simple records, or perform other re la tiv ely routine
c le ric al tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-m achine work. (See transcribing-m achine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in leg al briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and m aintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and office procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sib ility is not equivalent to one o f the specific le v e l situations in the def­
and responsible c le ric al tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff norm ally numbers at least
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this le v e l
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f official) that employs, in a ll, over 5, O X
C)
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent le v e l o f official) that employs, in a ll, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, adm inistrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this le v e l of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from w ritten copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone inform ation service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone inform ation service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone inform a­
tion purposes, e. g. , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
inform ation service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for te le ­
phone inform ation purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
esftension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

26
T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O PER A TO R — Continued

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In
or

a d d it io n

m o n ito r -ty p e

p e rfo rm

r o u t in e

c le r ic a l

w ork

to

p e r fo rm in g

s w itc h b o a r d ,
c le r ic a l

m ay

as

as

part

w ork

ta k e

d u tie s

a cts

th e

of

op era tor

r e c e p t io n is t

m a jo r

of

on a

and

r e g u la r

d u tie s .

of

part

s in g le

m ay

w o r k e r 's

th is

s p e c ific

p o s it io n

in s tr u c tio n s .

ty p e

or

som e

filin g

ty p in g

or

u n it,

fo r

w h ile

at

T h is
t im e

w ork .

M ay
The

in c lu d e

e x a m p le ,

w ork

s im p le

w ir in g

fro m

t y p ic a lly
s o r tin g

in d iv id u a l

in v o lv e s
c o lla t in g

d ia g r a m s

or

p o r tio n s
ru n s

of

or

a

and

o p e r a tio n s .

a ls o

w ork

r e p e t it iv e

s w itc h b o a r d .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

P r im a r y

O PERATOR

d u t y is t o

v o c a b u la r y fro m
copy
C la s s
in g

A .

O p era tes a

m a c h in e s ,

v a r ie ty o f
in c lu d in g

su ch

in te r p r e te r ,

c a lc u la t o r ,

c o lla to r ,

and

r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts

w it h o u t

w ir in g

The

as

m en ts
o fte n
and

r e q u ir e d .

t y p ic a lly
are

of

is

and

or

a

step s

lo n g

be

of

d a y -to -d a y

s u p e r v is io n o f

new

th e

som e

in

w ir in g

c o m p le x

in

w ork

and

fro m

p r o d u c tio n o f

sh orth a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e

C la s s B .

sorter,

su ch as

oper­

and

d ia g ra m s .

m ay

The

in v o lv in g

a

and

th e

are

U ses

d ia g r a m s
D oes

not

o p e r a tio n s
a

grou p

of

e s t a b lis h e d .
b a s ic

a

M ay

o p e r a tio n

of

m ore

th e

som e

w ir in g

e x a m p le ,
a

r e c u r r in g
a ls o

of

fo r

e x e r c is e ,

of

in a d d it i o n t o

out

b ills

c lu d e

p rocesses.




C .

O p era tes

su ch

as

th e

s im p le

sorter,

s t e n c ils ,
do

s im p le

have

m a ts,

c le r ic a l

record s,

in c o m in g

c o m p le te

c o m p le x
n a tu re

in c lu d e

th e

fro m

ta b u la tio n s

C la s s
t e r ia l in

w ho

b r ie fs o r

ta k es

rep orts

d ic ta tio n

in

is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r ,

c o p ie s o f

been

m ade

o r s im ila r

w ork

record s

m a t e r ia l o r

a no th e r p e r s o n .

m a t e r ia ls fo r

in v o lv in g

filin g

v a r io u s
by

little

and

use

s p e c ia l

rep orts,

or

to

m ake

M ay

in ­

in d u p lic a t in g
t r a in in g ,

s o r t in g

and

su ch
d is ­

m a il.

sou rces

m ore

fo r

to

pro­

fo rm

m a in t a in

te c h n ic a l

correct

u n ifo rm ity

le tte r s

v a r y in g

or

of

and

d e t a ils

b a la n c e
s u it

fo llo w in g :

s p e llin g ,

u n u su al

to

th e

c o m b in in g

a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f

S u ch

of

r e s p o n s ib ilit y
of

or

t e r ia l;

rep ort.

tr a in in g

or

one

w h e n it in v o lv e s

etc. ,

s m a ll

th e

P e r fo r m s

a tio n ,

but

w h ere

A .

fin a l fo r m

w ord s

s y lla b ic a t io n ,

or

fo r e ig n

c o m p lic a t e d

in

T y p in g

m a t e r ia l fro m

s p a c in g .

m a­

several
p u n ctu ­

la n g u a g e

m a­

s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s

M ay

ty p e

r o u t in e

c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

new

m a c h in e .
C la s s

C la s s

to m a k e

c a lc u la tio n s

M ay

k e e p in g

fro m

m a c h in e s

o r s im ila r m a c h in e

a ty p e w r ite r

a fte r

ty p in g o f

th e

is p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c

p e r fo rm a n ce

a lo n g e r a n d

u s u a lly

c a lc u la t o r ,

in v o lv e s ,

a c c o u n tin g

o r p a rts o f

w e ll
in

th e

as le g a l

w ork er

ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r ic a l a c c o u n t ­
and

T h is w o r k

t y p ic a lly

r e p e t it iv e

s tu d ie s

are

e m p lo y e e s

in c lu d e

w ork

ta b u la tin g stu d y ,

cedu res

d iffic u lt

ta b u la to r

A

T Y P IS T

as

re p ro d u ce r, an d c o lla to r .

in s tr u c tio n s

rep orts

th e

v o c a b u la r y su ch

in c lu d e d .

w h ic h

op era tors.

O p era tes m o re

m a c h in e s

not

w ritte n

W o r k e r s t r a n s c r ib in g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g

g e n e r a l.

tr ib u tin g

in g

are

n o r m a l r o u t in e

M a y a ls o ty p e fr o m

m a c h in e

rep orts.

t a B u la t in g -m a c h in e

s p e c ia liz e d

research

record s.

p la n n in g

e x p e r ie n c e d

o p e ra tors

c le r ic a l w ork .

te c h n ica l o r

s c ie n tific

d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a

tr a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e

a n d d o s im p le

a v a r ie d
on

tr a n s c r ib e

GENERAL

a s s ig n ­

c o m p le x rep orts

m ore

a

d iffic u lt

ta b u la tin g

r e q u ir in g

and

s u p e r v is o r s p e r f o r m in g

ta b u la t in g -m a c h in e

a n d p e rfo rm s
and

and

op era tors

lo n g

c o m p le t e

ty p e

t r a in in g

tr a in e d

ta b u la to r ,

As

ta k en .

in

as

a ccou n t­

th e

P e r fo r m s

oth ers.

r e p o r tin g

v a r ie ty o f

to

or e le c tr ic a l

m a c h in e s

s u p e r v is io n ,

n o n r e c u r r in g

in v o lv e d

sequ en ces

w o r k in g

c lo s e

c o m p le t e

or

p a r t ia lly

o p e r a tin g

in c lu d e

of

ty p ic a lly

o p e r a tio n s ,
and

in v o lv e

ir r e g u la r

s e q u e n c in g

a tor,

ta b u la tin g

t y p ic a lly

OPERATOR,

ta b u la tin g

or

r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h ,

e le c tr ic a l
c o lla t o r ,

a c c o u n tin g

e t c .;

etc. ,

c o m p le x

w ith

B.

rou gh
and

P e r fo r m s

one

o r c l e a r d ra fts ;
s e t t in g

ta b le s

up

or

s im p le

a lr e a d y

m ore

r o u t in e

setu p

sta n d a rd
and

of

th e

ty p in g o f

.fo llo w in g :

fo n n s ,

ta b u la tio n s ,

spaced

C opy

ty p in g

in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s ,

p r o p e r ly .

or

c o p y in g

m ore

27
P R O F E S S I O N A L

C la s s

A .

d is t in c t iv e

P la n s th e g r a p h ic

d e s ig n

fe a tu re s

d r a ft in g p r e c e d e n t s .
m ay

each

T E C H N I C A L

D RAFTSM AN

D RAFTSM AN

and

N D

ch an ge

o n th e

m in o r

d e t a ils o f

s is te n c y

C o m p le te d w ork

w it h

d r a w in g s ,

p r io r

w ith

e n g in e e r in g

th e

e ffe c t

le s s

m a t e r ia ls

c o m p le t e

d u r in g

of

m in im u m

of

s u p e r v is o r y

d e s ig n o r ig in a to r fo r

w hen

B.

P e r fo r m s
th e

d e t e r m in a tio n s .

n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d .
w o r k in g

d r a w in g s

fu n c t io n s ,
prepares
d e ta il

n o n r o u tin e

a p p lic a tio n o f

and

and

m ost o f

M ay

c o m p le x
th e

D u t ie s t y p i c a l l y

of

s u b a s s e m b lie s

p r e c is e

p o s it io n a l

e ith e r

d r a ftin g

s ta n d a r d iz e d

in v o lv e

w ith

of

fo u n d a tio n s ,

ir r e g u la r

r e la tio n s h ip s

w a ll

in it ia l a s s ig n m e n ts .

a s s ig n m e n ts

recu r.

W ork

C o p ie s
c lo t h

or

paper

p la n s
over

and

shapes,

b etw een

s e c t io n s ,

tr a c in g l im it e d
s c a le

la r g e

not

d r a w in g s

d r a w in g s

a

a s s ig n m e n ts

to

and

p la n s

r e q u ir in g

prepared

t r a c in g

c lo s e

by

w ith

p r im a r ily

s p o t-ch e ck e d

oth ers
pen

or

c o n s is tin g

b y p la c in g
p e n c il.

of

tr a c in g

(D o e s

not

lin e s

and

s t r a ig h t

d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d /o r

P rep a res
m u ltip le

P rep a res
is

com p on en ts;

s im p le

c lo s e ly

or

r e p e t it iv e

s u p e r v is e d

d u r in g

d r a w in g s

of

e a s ily

v is u a liz e d

ite m s .

W ork

p rogress.

a b u ild in g in c lu d in g

flo o r

p la n s ,

and

r o o f.

to

N URSE,

IN D U S T R IA L

(R E G IS T E R E D )

m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u t a t io n s

to

d e t e r m in e

stren g th s,

q u a n titie s

stre sse s,

a n d a d v ic e

fro m

of

etc.

m a t e r ia ls

R e c e iv e s

s u p e r v is o r .

be

in it ia l

u sed,

lo a d

in s tr u c tio n s ,

C o m p le te d w ork

c a p a c itie s ,

A

r e q u ir e m e n ts ,

is c h e c k e d

r e g is t e r e d n u rse w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l

d ir e c tio n

to

s u ffe r

fo r te c h n ic a l

a c c id e n t

an

D u t ie s

adequ acy.

ill

in v o lv e

or

a

in ju r e d

e m p lo y e e s

on

p r e m is e s

th e

c o m b in a t io n o f

or
of

th e

o th er
a

C la s s

C .

P rep a res

e n g in e e r in g ,
of

d r a w in g s

prepared

co m p on en ts

fro m

a

and

num ber o f

is o m e tr ic

s c a le )

con vey
sou rces

d r a w in g s

of

m a n u fa c t u r in g ,

in c lu d e

d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e
of

d e ta il

c o n s tr u c tio n ,

s in g le
or

u n its

r e p a ir

or

p a rts

p u rposes.

fo llo w in g :

p r o je c tio n s

(d e p ictin g

and

in fo r m a t io n .

th ree

a d ju s ts

or

C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils

tra n sp o se s

s c a le

as

CARPEN TER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s th e
good

cou n ters,
w ood

n in g a n d

r e p a ir

ben ch es,

w oodw ork

p a r titio n s ,

la y in g

in s tr u c tio n s ;

out o f

w ork

flo o r s ,
in v o lv e s

fro m

s ta ir s ,

b lu e p r in ts ,

c a r p e n t e r 's

co n stru ct

e q u ip m e n t

W ork

u s in g a v a r ie t y o f




n e ce ssa ry to

and

doors,

in a n e s t a b lis h m e n t .

a p p lic a n t s

in v o lv in g

v ir o n m e n t,
of

A N D

a ll

su ch

as

and

or

m ost o f

th e

d r a w in g s ,

h a n d t o o ls ,

p r e p a r in g

e m p lo y e e s ;

oth er

and

a c t iv it ie s

w ho

oth er

G iv in g

a c c id e n t

rep orts

and

p r e v e n tio n ,

a ffe c tin g

th e

fir s t

e m p lo y e e s '

e x a m in a tio n s a n d

p la n n in g

a c c id e n t

or

becom e

a id

to

in ju r ie s ;
fo r

or

th e

ill

k e e p in g

c o m p e n s a tio n

h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s

c a r r y in g

out

e v a lu a tio n

of

h e a lth ,

ill

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

w e lfa r e ,

program s
p la n t

and

en­

s a fe ty

p e r s o n n e l.

P O W E R P L A N T

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

a n d m a in t a in
b in s ,

c r ib s ,

and

a n d tr im

m ade

r e la tin g

fo llo w in g :

P la n ­

w ork .

c a s in g s ,

trea ted ;

a s s is tin g in p h y s ic a l

h e a lth e d u c a t io n ,

CARPENTER,

c a r p e n t r y d u tie s

b u ild in g

of

r e q u ir e d .

M A I N T E N A N C E

p a tie n ts

of

or oth er p u rposes;

a n d s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c la r ify p o s it io n in g

needed

a t t e n d in g t o s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f

record s

fo r

Types

p erson s

fa c to r y

o r in ju r e d ;

of

be

on
are

D RAFTSM AN - TRACER

p repare

U s e s a c c e p t e d fo r m u la s a n d m a n u a ls in

in

m ay

a n d a d v ic e
I n s tr u c tio n s

d r a w in g t e c h ­

su ch w o rk as:

a r c h i t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t i o n o f

d r a w in g s

a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts ,

w ith

progress.

in c lu d e
C la s s

g iv e n

con ­

o r d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a fts m e n .

th a t r e q u ir e

ap p roa ch ,

are

a n d p o s it io n a l r e la t io n ­

a

r e v ie w e d b y

sou rce

e s t a b lis h e d

d e s ig n o r ig in a to r ,

A n a ly z e s

fu n c t io n ,

W ork s

S u g g e ste d m e th o d s o f

ite m s h a v in g

fro m

w ith th e

ch an ges.

fo rm ,

is

c o m p le x

s ig n ific a n t ly

su p p ort

d e s ig n

c o m p o n e n t s a n d p a rts.

a s s is ta n c e .

d iffe r

W o r k s in c l o s e

recom m en d

s h ip s o f

p r e s e n ta tio n o f

th a t

C o n tin u e d

m o d e ls ,

or

p o r ta b le p o w e r

verbal
t o o ls ,

sta n d a rd

rounded

to
In

m e a s u r in g

d im e n s io n s
g e n e r a l,

t r a in in g

p r e n t ic e s h ip

or

and

in s t r u m e n ts ;
of

th e

w ork ;

and

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

t r a in in g

m a k in g
s e le c tin g
th e

m a te r ia ls

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly
and

sta n d a rd

a c q u ir e d

e x p e r ie n c e .

shop

c o m p u ta tio n s

n ecessary
ca rp en ter

th rou g h

a

fo r

th e

r e q u ir e s

fo rm a l

ap­

28

H E LP E R , M A IN TEN A N C E TR A D E S— Continued

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TEN A N C E
P e r fo r m s
s t a lla t io n ,
t r ib u tio n ,

or

in v o lv e s

a

v a r ie ty

m a in te n a n c e ,
u t iliz a t io n

m ost o f

th e

oth er

or

e q u ip m e n t;

r e q u ir e m e n ts

of

e l e c t r i c i a n 's

h a n d t o o ls

th e

th e

w ork

of

e x p e r ie n c e
tr a in in g

and

and

sta n d a rd

a c q u ir e d

a

tr o u b le

in

and

in ­
d is ­

W ork

s w itc h b o a r d s ,

d r a w in g s ,

r e q u ir e s

a fo rm a l

th e

v a r ie ty

th e

or oth er

a

rounded

or

e le c tr ic a l

r e la tin g
u s in g

of

con ­

la y o u ts ,

to

a

w ork er

c h in e ,

a n d p e r fo rm in g
of

w o rk th e

t e r ia ls
to

tr a in in g

and

M A C H IN E -T O O L

su ch

as

m illin g

s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s

and

e q u ip m e n t (m e c h a n ic a l or

in

w h ic h

su ch

as

stea m

v e n tila tin g

e m p lo y e d

W ork

w it h

in v o lv e s :

e n g in e s ,

and

a ir

com p ressors,

r e fr ig e r a t in g

m a c h in e r y ,

te m p e ra tu re ,

th ese

o p e r a tio n s .

m ore

th a n

one

H ead

or

e n g in e e r

fu e l

c h ie f

are

th e

o p e r a tio n

e le c t r ic a l)
h ea t,

and

t o s u p p ly

r e fr ig e r a t io n ,

m a in t a in in g

g en era tors,

e q u ip m e n t,

and

s u p e r v is e

pow er,

O p e r a t in g

w a t e r p u m p s ;, m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a ir s ;
of

a ls o

stea m

e n g in e e r s

in

M ay

or

tu r b in e s ,

and

b o ile r -fe d

an d k e e p in g a r e c o rd o f
c o n s u m p tio n .

th e

e q u ip m e n t

m otors,

b o ile r s

of

e s t a b lis h m e n t s

fix t u r e s ,
p e r fo r m in g

c o m p lic a t e d

or

S T A T IO N A R Y

F ir e s

op era tes
and

w ith
a

s a fe ty

s ta t io n a r y
h ea t,

or

stok er,

M ay

w hen
and

t o o ls

and

c lu d e d

fro m




one

or

s p e c ific

or

a

is

p e r m it t e d

tra d e

th a t

are

b a s is .

one

s u r fa c e

th e

c o n s tr u c tio n

W ork

in v o lv e s

m a c h in in g

a

h ig h

d r e s s in g ,
lu b r ic a t in g

op era tors,
th is

to

of

of

of

fe e d s ,

dress

th e

p r o c e s s in g
u s in g

speeds,

M ay

to o ls ,

and

in

to o l

m a c h in e
la th e s ,

t o o ls ,

gages,

P la n n in g

ite m s

a

r e q u ir in g

v a r ie ty o f

t o o lin g ,
d u r in g

and

to

s e le ct

to

r e c o g n iz e

proper

c o o la n t s

stu d y

pu rposes,

w age

a n d d ie

pre­
oper­

o p e r a tio n

b e r e q u ir e d to

F o r c r o s s -in d u s tr y

t o o lr o o m ,

of

e n g in e

fo llo w in g :

a d ju s tm e n ts

d im e n s io n s .

typ es

g r in d e r s ,

accu racy;

n ecessary

o ils .

m ore

m a c h in e -s h o p

m ost

s e le c tin g

m a k in g

or

o p e r a tio n s ;

degree

t o le r a n c e s o r

jo b b in g

shops

are

ex­

c la s s ific a t io n .

M A IN T E N A N C E

P rod u ces

to

fu r n is h

stea m .
or

c le a n ,

gas
o il,

th e

e s t a b lis h m e n t

Feeds
or
or

fu e ls

o il

b u rn er;

a s s is t

in

to

fir e

and

in

by

ch eck s

r e p a ir in g

w h ic h

hand

p a rts o f

fic a t io n s ;

w a ter

h a n d t o o ls

b o ile r r o o m

r e p la c e m e n t

th e

p la n n in g
and

p a rts

and

fo llo w in g :
and

la y in g

p r e c is io n

sta n d a rd m a c h in e

speeds

q u ir e d

w ork ers

gen eral

in

d u tie s

th e
of

s k ille d
le s s e r

m a in te n a n c e

s k ill,

su ch

as

tra d e s,
k e e p in g

t r a in in g

of

t o o ls ;

in

p r e n t ic e s h ip

h is

m e a s u r in g

s e le c tin g

w ork ;

and

In g e n e r a l ,

w ork ;

e q u iv a le n t

an

in s tru m e n ts ;

sta n d a rd

p r a c t ic e
tr a in in g

of

th e

w ork

and

v a r ie ty
up

e x p e r ie n c e .

and

m a k in g
fe e d s ,
of

e q u ip m e n t

in to

a

th e
re­

m e c h a n ic a l

r e q u ir e s

th ro u g h

s p e c i­

o p e r a tin g

to o lin g ,

and

of

W ork

m a c h i n i s t 's

p r o p e r tie s

p a rts

n o r m a lly

of

to le r a n c e s ;

w ork ,

p a rts,

a c q u ir e d

r e p a ir s

in s tru ctio n s a n d

c lo s e

a s s e m b lin g

u s u a lly

m a k in g

w o r k in g

m a t e r ia ls ,

and

in

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

s e t t in g

d im e n s io n s o f

k n o w le d g e

fit t in g

u s in g a

m e t a l p a rts to

t h e m a c h i n i s t 's

m a c h in e -s h o p
or

p a rts

I n te r p r e tin g w r itte n
out o f

s h a p in g o f

m a c h in in g ;

m e t a ls ;

fo r

new

m e c h a n i c a l e q u i p m e n t o p e r a t e d in

in v o lv e s m o s t o f

or

TRADES

m ore

of

In

m a­

e m p lo y in g

e q u ip m e n t.

p e r fo rm in g

or

and

need

c u t t in g

com m on

by

in

d iffic u lt

r e q u is ite

m a c h in e -to o l

and

A s s is ts

an d h o ld in g

TOOLROOM

sta n d a rd sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la tin g to

M A IN T E N A N C E

T h e k in d

to tra d e:

o th ers h e

p a rts

or

sequ en ce;

a c h ie v e

s u p e r v is e

e q u ip m e n t.

H ELPER,

tra d e

m a­

o r t o o ls ;

e x c lu d e d .

b o ile r s

m e c h a n ic a l
v a lv e s .

fu ll-tim e

or

of

a tio n

B O IL E R

p ow er,

a n d in

o p e r a tio n

m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ;

m eta l

e m p lo y e d

a

fro m
lift in g ,

c y lin d r ic a l

c is io n

M A C H IN IS T ,

F IR E M A N ,

th e

d ie s .

setu p s

o p e r a tio n

a ls o

in

borers,

m a c h in e s ,

jig s ,

m ay

on

O PERATOR,

jig

and

a ir -c o n d it io n in g .

w ork ers

to s u p p ly in g ,

o p e r a tio n s ,

area,

m a t e r ia ls

b y jo u r n e y m a n .

v a r ie s

w o r k in g a re a s ;

m a c h in e

w o r k in g

h o ld in g

e q u iv a le n t

S T A T IO N A R Y

and

c le a n in g

as d ir e c t e d

to p e rfo rm

c o n fin e d

a n d c le a n in g

by

t o o ls ;

of

or

m a in t a in s

is

s p e c ia liz e d

S p e c ia liz e s

and

ta sk s

p e r m it t e d

h e lp e r

p e r fo rm e d

to o ls ,

e s t a b lis h m e n t

is

and

In g e n e r a l,

a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r

O p e ra tes

m a t e r ia ls

a s s is tin g jo u r n e y m a n b y

o th e r u n s k ille d

a n d to o ls

p e r fo rm

a ls o

w it h

h e lp e r

s o m e tra d e s th e

e x p e r ie n c e .

E N G IN E E R ,

s u p p lie d

a n d e q u ip m e n t;

lo a d

v a r ie ty

t e s t in g in s t r u m e n ts .

e le c t r ic ia n

th rou g h

any o f

c o m p u t a t io n s

and

as

c o n d u it sy stem s,

e q u ip m e n t;

a n d m e a s u r in g

su ch

g e n e r a tio n ,

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

b lu e p r in ts ,

d ia g n o s in g

e le c tr ic a l

m a in te n a n c e

u s u a lly

an

th e

tra n s fo rm e rs ,

fro m

w o r k in g
or

in

fo r

h e a t in g u n its ,

w o r k in g

w ir in g

en ergy

g en e ra to rs,

lo ca tin g

fu n c t io n s

I n s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g

m otors,

e q u ip m e n t;

tra d e

o f. e q u ip m e n t

e le c tr ic

su ch as

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

sy stem

of

c ir c u it b rea k e rs,

t r a n s m is s io n

e le c tr ic a l

r e p a ir

fo llo w in g :

e le c t r ic a l e q u ip m e n t
t r o lle r s ,

of

or

a

rou n ded

fo rm a l

ap­

29

M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

R e p a ir s
t a b lis h m e n t.
e q u ip m e n t

gages,

to

d ia g n o s e

r e p a ir s

d r ills ,

r e p la c in g
v a lv e s ;

a u to m o b ile s ,

or

or

m a k in g
lig h ts ,

m o tiv e

and

tr o u b le ;

p a rts

body

a

fo r m a l

and

t r a 'c t o r s

E x a m in in g

d is a s s e m b lin g
of

in

su ch

stock ;

v a r io u s

of

an

as

or

g r in d in g

a s s e m b lie s

and
in

fa c e s

of

P A IN T E R ,

v e h ic le

P a in t s
ta b lis h m e n t.
a r itie s

and

s u r fa c e

fo r

t r a in in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

in

h o le s

or

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

M ay

w h e e ls ,

g e n e r a l,

e q u iv a le n t

th e

a d ju s t in g

w ork

t r a in in g

of

and

th e

e x p e r ie n c e .

n a il

m ix

and

ty p es

c o lo r s ,

p a in te r

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r
in v o lv e s m o s t o f

e q u ip m e n t to
m a c h in e s

th e

d ia g n o s e

and

sou rce

fro m

m a c h in e

shop

stock ;
or

d u c tio n

of

m a k in g

a ll

p a rts

d u tie s

th e

fro m

m a c h in e

a d ju s tm e n ts

fo r

fo r m a l

th is

up

or

a

a

th e

r e q u ir e s

fo rm a l

c la s s ific a tio n

a d ju s tin g

or

fo r

m a jo r

th e

pro­

m a c h in e s ;
th e

a

and

w ork o f

e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly

e q u iv a le n t
are

by

or

are

r e q u ir e d .

out

o f

th e

v a r ie ty
la t in g
and

of
to

t r a in in g

w ork ers

w h ose

and

ex­

p r im a r y

m a c h in e s .

to

stresses,

be

tr a n s m is s io n

in g

tra d e

and

of

u sed;

m ost

oth er

r ig g in g ;

stren g th

of

and

su ch

of

th e

m a k in g

as

and
d r iv e s

e x p e r ie n c e .




fo rm a l

in

sh op

ce n te rs

w e a r in g

su r­

r e q u ir e d

r e m o v in g

rounded

le a d ,
In

d iffe r e n t

fin is h

and

or

fix t u r e s

o th er

w it h

of

t r a in in g

and

or

gun

th e

es­

p r e p a r in g
fille r

or

bru sh .

to

in g r e d ie n ts

w ork

an

p e c u li­

p u tty

spray

e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly

e q u iv a le n t

of

s u r fa c e

p la c in g

p a in t

th e

of

a p p lic a t io n s ;

by

p a in t

g e n e r a l,
and

and

K n o w le d g e

a p p ly in g

tr a in in g
or

fo r

o ld

and

w h it e

w oodw ork ,

fo llo w in g :

o b ta in

m a in te n a n c e

a c q u ir e d

th ro u g h

e x p e r ie n c e .

in

le n g th s

or

to

flo w ,

in

speed

and

g r a v ity ;

redu cers.

a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r

In

c h is e l

and

ham m er

m a c h in e s ;

h a n g ers;

or

and

s iz e

of

fin is h e d

p ip e
p ip e s

p ip e fit t e r

th rou g h

a

W ork ers

s a n it a t io n

or

and

fo rm a l

p ip e

rounded

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

sy stem s

are

s iz e s

in

of

th e

p ip e

p ip e

torch

or

and

fo llo w in g ;

p ip e fro m
of

c o u p lin g s

d r a w in g s
to

correct

p ip e -c u ttin g

and

pressu res,

and

to

th e

d e t e r m in e

w ork

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

in s t a llin g

fa s t e n in g

to

tests

g e n e r a l,

t r a in in g

and

r e la tin g

sta n d a rd
In

or

of

b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n
w ith

m a k in g

p r im a rily e n g a g e d

h e a tin g

m ost

c o m p u t a t io n s

s p e c ific a t io n s .

r e q u ir e s

o th e r ty p es

p o s it io n o f

v a r io u s

a n d d ie s ;

shop

r e q u ir e d ;
m eet

or

o x y a c e ty le n e

a s s e m b lin g

m a k in g sta n d a rd

gas,

in v o lv e s

lo c a te

c u t t in g

th r e a d in g p ip e w ith s to c k s

t r a in in g
r e p a ir in g

of

th e

u s u a lly
and

ex­

b u ild in g

e x c lu d e d .

a

PLUM BER,

and

pow er

g e n e r a l,

e x p e r ie n c e

e q u iv a le n t

M A IN T E N A N C E

re­

a lin in g

order

t r a in in g a n d

W ork

la y in g
u s in g

e q u ip m e n t,
good

and

stea m ,

a n d m e a s u r in g to

s p e c ific a t io n s ;

p o w e r -d r iv e n

p ip e

w a ter,

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

w ork

w ith

m a c h in e ;

r e p a ir s

an

la y o u t

c o m p u t a t io n s

of

m a in t a in in g

rou n d ed

p la n t

P la n n in g

to o ls ,

and

d is m a n t le s

th e

s p e c ific a tio n s ;

sta n d a rd

w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a

a c q u ir e d th rou g h a

oth er

sta n d a rd
and

s e le c tin g

and

ch an ges

fo llo w in g :
or

m a t e r ia ls ,

in s ta llin g

o ils ,

w r itte n

w h e th e r

e q u ip m e n t,

w hen

b lu e p r in ts

e q u ip m e n t;

e q u ip m e n t

m i l l w r i g h t 's

in th e

in v o lv e s

and

or h ea vy

e q u ip m e n t

in te r p r e tin g

h a n d t o o ls

b a la n c in g

p a rts

th e

W ork

w ork ;

m a c h in e s
heavy

or

M A IN T E N A N C E

L a y in g o u t o f
or

a c q u ir e d

new

w a lls ,

c o n s is te n c y .

I n s t a lls o r
p ip e fit t in g s

p e r ie n c e .
In s ta lls

or

P IP E F IT T E R ,

ite m s

part

fo r

In g e n e r a l,

t r a in in g a n d
or

w it h

sh op

r e p a ir s

r e a s s e m b lin g

o p e r a tio n .

rou n d ed

p a rts

r e p la c e m e n t

M IL L W R IG H T

m a c h in e s

p a in t
by

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

m a in te n a n c e

in s ta lls

p a rts

u se o f h a n d t o o ls

m a c h in e

m a jo r

shop;

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

fro m

s e t t in g

of

to

fo r

m a c h in e

m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s
a

in v o lv e

p r o d u c tio n

s p e c ific a tio n s

E x c lu d e d

in v o lv e

th e

th e m o v in g
e s t a b lis h m e n t .

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

d is m a n t lin g o r p a r tly d is m a n t lin g

m a in ly

of

ordered

th ro u g h

p e r ie n c e .

th a t

r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e fe c t iv e

o r d e r in g

n ecessary

m a in te n a n c e

a c q u ir e d

tr o u b le ;

w r itte n

p r e p a r in g

an

an

E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l

s e n d in g

r e p a ir s ;

a

of

p e r fo r m in g r e p a ir s

in s c r a p in g a n d f it t in g p a rts;
o b ta in e d

m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f

fo llo w in g ;

of

a n d in te r s tic e s ;

c o lo r

a

W ork

of

in v o lv e s th e

p a in tin g

proper
M E C H A N IC ,

red ecora tes

W ork

a u to­

a lin in g

In

grease,

M A IN T E N A N C E

brak es

and

b o lts .

o il o r

e q u ip m e n t

p a rts;

a d ju s tin g

th e

w it h

m e c h a n ic a l

and

w ren ch es,

fittin g

L u b r ic a t e s ,

es­

a u t o m o t iv e

e q u ip m e n t

h a n d t o o ls

d is a s s e m b lin g

fro m

th e

a d ju s tm e n ts ;

m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d

th rou g h

u se

e q u ip m e n t

in s t a llin g

t ig h t e n in g

m otortru ck s,
th e fo llo w in g :

th e

d e fe c tiv e

n ecessary
or

of

in v o lv e

s p e c ia liz e d

brok en

and

sou rce

th a t

r e a s s e m b lin g

and

bu ses,

W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f

p e r fo r m in g

O IL E R

(M A IN T E N A N C E )

tr a in ­

K eeps
W ork in v o lv e s :
and

tra p s

in

th e

p lu m b in g

a n d o p e n in g

c lo g g e d

th e

th e

w ork

p e r ie n c e
tr a in in g

of

u s u a lly
and

p lu m b in g

K n o w le d g e

of

sy stem

sy stem ;

in s ta llin g

d r a in s w it h a

m a in te n a n c e
a c q u ir e d

e x p e r ie n c e .

of

an

s a n ita r y c o d e s

in

good

r e p a ir in g

p ip e s

and

p l u n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e .

p lu m b e r

th rou g h

or

e s t a b lis h m e n t

r e g a r d in g in s t a lla t io n o f

a

r e q u ir e s

fo rm a l

rou n d ed

or

v en ts

fix tu r e s ;

In g e n e r a l,

tr a in in g

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

ord er.

and

e x ­

e q u iv a le n t

30

S H E E T -M E T A L

W ORKER,

F a b r ic a t e s ,
e q u ip m e n t
lo c k e r s ,
m en t.

and

ta n k s,

as

m a c h in e

ch u tes,

m ost o f

d u cts,

s h a p in g ,

P la n n in g

w ork fro m

b lu e p r in ts ,

u s in g a v a r ie t y o f

th e w o rk o f

t r a in in g a n d

or

h a n d t o o ls in

a n d a s s e m b lin g ;

In g e n e r a l,

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

a ll a v a ila b le

and

th e

t r a in in g

D IE

a ll

v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
b lu e p r in ts ,

d r a w in g s ,

v a r ie ty o f

to o l

AN D

D IE

u n d e r s ta n d in g

a llo y s ;

s e t t in g

b e n d in g ,

fo rm ­

m a k in g
fe e d s,

and

w ork er

c a t io n

as

s h e e t-m e ta l

th rou g h a fo r m a l

jig

C o n stru cts
or

d ie s

fo r

and

fo r g in g s ,

to o l m aker;

r e p a ir s

fix t u r e

m a c h in e -s h o p

p u n c h in g ,

an d o th er

m ak er;

t o o ls ,

gage

O PERATOR,

gages,

jig s ,

m e t a l-fo r m in g w o rk .

w o r k in g

w ho

h ou se,

d ep a rtm en t

w e ll

op era te

sta rters

and

e le v a to r s
ja n ito r s

in

are

h o te l,

of

an

s im ila r

c lo s e

in

fo rm a l

in -

A N D

and

o ffic e

w it h

b u ild in g ,

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

oth er

d u tie s

m en

w ho

oth er

are

person s

p o lic e

u s in g

s ta tio n e d

arm s
at

d u tie s ,

or

g a te

fo rc e

and

e ith e r
w h ere

su ch

ch eck

on

at

fix e d

post

n ecessary.
id e n t it y

of

a p a rt­

O R

com m on

and

m e t a ls

r e la te d

and

fit t in g

of

d ie s t o

m eta l

p a rts

a c h ie v e

r e q u ir e d

a s s e m b lin g

of

a p p ro p r ia te

m a t e r ia ls ,

and
or

and

d ie

t o o lr o o m

e q u iv a le n t

p a rts

m a k e r ': ; w o r k
p r a c t ic e

t r a in in g

to

r e q u ir e s

p r e s c r ib e d
t o o ls ,

or

oth er

as

w age
are

PO RTER,

OR

rou n d ed
th ro u g h

e x p e r ie n c e .

tra sh ,

a n d o t h e r r e fu s e ;
fix tu r e s

of

or

on

I n c lu d e s

tou r,

stu d y

pu rposes,

e x c lu d e d

fro m

to o l

th is

and

d ie

m ak ers

m o p p in g

and

w in d o w

and

a

c o m b in a t io n

p o lis h in g

d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t ,
p r o v id in g

la v a t o r ie s ,

w a s h in g

M A T E R IA L

in v o lv e

s c r u b b in g ,

tr im m in g s ;

c le a n in g

in

LABORER,

or

D u tie s

or

are

fu r n itu r e ,

s u p p lie s

sh ow ers,

o f

flo o r s ;

and

and

th e

fo llo w in g ;

r e m o v in g

o r fix tu r e s ;
m in o r

re stroom s.

and w ash room s,




and

e m p lo y e e s

and

CLEANER

keeps

(L o a d e r

or

ja n itr e s s )

in

an

o r d e r ly

m a in te n a n c e
W ork ers

o r p r e m is e s o f a n o f f i c e ,

fa cto ry

a p a rtm e n t h o u s e ,

w o r k in g

who

e x c lu d e d .

H A N D L IN G

a n d u n lo a d e r ;

sto ck

h e lp e r ;

w ork er

h a n d le r a n d s ta c k e r ;

w areh ou sem an

e m p lo y e d

o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t

cars,

c o n d itio n

c h ip s ,

p o lis h in g

g a te-

tru ck s,

m a t e r ia ls
C le a n s

in

c la s s ific a tio n .

C L E A N E R ——C o n t i n u e d

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

th ose

or

ch arw om an ;

and

a

w h ose

in

or

a w areh ou se,

d u tie s

s h e lv e r ;

w areh ou se

in v o lv e

tru ck er;

m a n u fa c t u r in g

one

or

stock m a n

h e lp e r )

m ore

of

p la n t,
th e

areas

or c o m m e r c ia l

or

or oth er

tr a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ;

m e r c h a n d is e

t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y
w ho

lo a d

and

u n lo a d

in

proper

h a n d tru ck ,

s h ip s

are

u n p a c k in g ,

stora g e lo c a tio n ;
car,

e x c lu d e d .

s h e lv in g ,

store,

fo llo w in g :

L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls a n d m e r c h a n d is e o n o r fr o m
(S w e e p e r;

fa b r i­

q u a litie s ;

a c q u ir e d

u s u a lly

and

and

speeds,

d u r in g

and

th e t o o l

a

e q u ip m e n t;

a n d s e le c tin g

sh ops

S w e e p in g ,

e n t e r in g .

PO RTER,

of

to o ls

u s in g

m e a s u r in g in s tru ­

M O V E M E N T

A
J A N IT O R ,

m o d e ls ,

s p e c ific a t io n s ;

p r e c is io n

p r o p e r tie s

m a c h in e

t o o ls

jo b b in g

W ork ers

e x c lu d e d .

r o u tin e

and

h e a t t r e a t in g

c r o s s -in d u s tr y

d ie

s p e c ia liz e

order,

to le r a n c e s ;

m a c h in e -s h o p

For
to o l

M A T E R I A L

GUARD

P e r fo r m s

fin is h e d

a p p r e n tic e s h ip

s e r v ic e s ;

m a in t a in in g

as o f

m eta l

c o n ju n c tio n

or

w o r k in g

m a c h in e s ;

In g e n e r a l,

J A N IT O R ,

b e t w e e n flo o r s

store,

w r itte n

h a n d t o o ls

o p e r a tin g o f

to o lin g o f

to

fix t u r e s
W ork

PASSENGER

T ra n sp orts p a ssen g ers
m ent

th e

and

m ak er)

C U S T O D I A L

ELEVATOR

of

and

oral

m a k e r 's

t o le r a n c e s a n d a llo w a n c e s ;

e x p e r ie n c e .

tr a in in g

m ak er;

up

P la n n in g a n d la y in g o u t o f w o r k fr o m

oth er

n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e la t in g t o d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ,

a r t ic le s

M AKER

m ak er;

or

d ie

m en ts,

a
(D ie

and

o th er

or

processes.
TOOL

M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

s h e e t-m e ta l-

s h e e t-m e ta l

m a in te n a n c e

and

out

m o d e ls ,

c u t t in g ,

in s t a llin g

s h e lv e s ,

e s t a b lis h ­

la y in g

typ es o f

e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d

e q u iv a le n t

an

and

AN D

s h e e t-m e ta l

p an s,

r o o fin g ) o f

fo llo w in g :

fit t in g ,

r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d

m eta l

grease

th e

s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g

w o r k in g m a c h in e s ;

g o o d r e p a ir th e

gu ards,

m a in te n a n c e

s h e e t-m e ta l

s p e c ific a t io n s ;

as r e q u ir e d .

a n d m a in ta in s in

(s u ch

v e n t ila to r s ,

W o rk in v o lv e s

ty p es o f

in g ,

in s t a lls ,

fix t u r e s

TOOL

M A IN T E N A N C E

fr e ig h t

o r p la c in g

a n d t r a n s p o r t in g

o r w h e s lb a r r o w .

m a­

L on gsh orem en ,

31
ORDER

T R U C K D R IV E R

F IL L E R

(O r d e r p ic k e r ;

stock

s e le c to r ;

w areh ou se

D riv e s

stock m a n )
t e r ia ls ,

F ills
m e r c h a n d is e
ord ers,

or

d ic a tin g
s itio n
oth er

s h ip p in g
in

ite m s

w it h

in s tr u c tio n s .

fille d

a d d it io n a l

PACK ER,

tra n s fe r

accordan ce

oth er

r e la te d

or

or

stock

report

fo r

fin is h e d

s p e c ific a tio n s

M ay,

o m itte d ,

or

orders

in

keep
sh ort

on

a d d it io n
record s

goods

s a le s

to

s lip s ,

fillin g

of

o u tg o in g

s u p e r v is o r ,

stored

cu stom ers'

ord ers

to

s u p p lie s

fro m

and

orders,
and

in ­

r e q u i­
p e rfo rm

t a b lis h m e n ts
w h o le s a le

in

tru ck

or

su ch

and

cu stom ers'
w it h

a

r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s ,

hou ses

or

w o r k in g

S H IP P IN G

For

s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s ,
th e

ty p e,

s iz e ,

ta in e r e m p lo y e d ,

th e

s p e c ific o p e r a tio n s

and num ber o f

and

m eth od o f

u n its

to

of

u s in g
and

of

a p p r o p r ia te

v a r io u s
ty p e

e x c e ls io r
s e a lin g

c o n ta in e r .

S H IP P IN G

or

ite m s o f

a n d s iz e
oth er

c o n ta in e r ;
P a ck ers

AN D

m a t e r ia l

w h o a ls o

R E C E IV IN G

in v o lv e s :
m eans

A

o f

s h ip p e d ,

k n o w le d g e

and

k e e p in g

th e

m e r ch a n d is e

d ir e c tin g
la d in g ,
dam aged
and

a

up

file

oth ers

o f

in

in v o ic e s ,
goods;

m a in t a in in g

of

in d u s t r ia l

m en

p la n ts ,
or

m in o r

area

b etw een

M ay

and

ty p e s

of

or

u n lo a d

and

o v e r -th e -r o a d

es­

w areh ou ses,

e s ta b lis h m e n t s

lo a d

m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s ,

D r iv e r -s a le s m e n

tra n sp ort m a ­

d ep ots,

r e t a il
a ls o

to

v a r io u s

fre ig h t

b etw een

b u s in e s s .

m ake

order.

w age

stu d y

and
tru ck

keep

tru ck

d r iv e r s

are

ra tes;

and

of

of

T r u c k d r iv e r

th e f o ll o w i n g :

con ten t;

lig h t

of

s iz e s

1V 2

(u n d e r

b oxes or

dam age;

cra te s

are

or

r e c e iv e s a n d

o th e r m a t e r ia ls .
p r a c t ic e s ,

p r e p a r in g

c lo s in g
d a ta

and

of

c h e c k in g

or

ro u te s,

m a te r ia ls

th e

a s s is t i n

proper

s iz e
on

and
th e

lis t e d

s e p a r a te ly )

(o v e r

in c lu d in g
t r a ile r

4

ton s)

ty p e)

o th e r th a n t r a ile r ty p e )

O p era tes
tru ck

or

tra cto r

w areh ou se,

a
to

m a n u a lly
tra n sp ort

m a n u fa c t u r in g

c o n t r o lle d
goods

p la n t,

or

and
oth er

g a s o lin e m a t e r ia ls

or
of

e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d
a ll

k in d s

about

a

e s t a b lis h m e n t .

goods

p r e p a r in g

V e r ify in g

and

POW ER

ch arges,

a g a in s t

sh orta g es
to

of

w ork

a v a ila b le

s h ip p in g

s h ip m e n ts

fo r

by
ra ted

on

is r e s p o n s ib le

in v o lv e s :

be

e x c lu d e d .

S h ip p in g

record s

w e ig h t

c la s s ifie d

s h o u ld

ton s)

(1V2 to a n d
4 to n s,
(o v e r 4 ton s,

heavy

or

e n t e r in g id e n t ify in g

correctn ess

and

(c o m b in a tio n

T m c k d r iv e r ,

T m c k d r iv e r ,

break age

or

are

con ­

p la c in g

m e d iu m

M a y d ir e c t

or

t r u c k d r iv e r s

(T r a c t o r -t r a ile r

c a p a c it y .)

heavy

w ork

record s;

record s

t r a ile r

T m c k d r iv e r ,

R e c e iv in g

th e

of

fo llo w s :

T m c k d r iv e r ,

p o s tin g

m e r c h a n d is e

necessary

v e r ify

b a s is

p u rposes,

as

dependent

ty p e

of

e q u ip m e n t,

s e le c tio n

s h ip m e n t,

s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .

oth er

m ore

of

TRUCKER,

la d in g ,

s h ip m e n t.

r o u t in g

For w age

fo r

and

v e r ify in g
or

b e in g
th e

CLERK

b ills o f

fo r

p la c in g th e m

r e q u ir e s th e

or

to

s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s ,

t r a n s p o r t a t io n ,
m a k in g

p la c e s

in s e r tin g e n c lo s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ;

w ooden

m e r c h a n d is e o f

o f

one

order

la b e ls

m ake

p e r fo rm e d

W ork

to p reven t

a n d a p p ly in g

in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts o f

in

o f c o n ta in e r ;

P re p a re s m e r c h a n d is e
fo r

sto ck

stora g e b y

be p a ck ed ,

s h ip m e n t.

ite m s in s h ip p in g c o n t a in e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e
K n o w le d g e

or

or

e x c lu d e d .

d u tie s .

P r e p a re s fin is h e d p r o d u c ts fo r s h ip m e n t o r
in

c it y

M a n u fa c t u r in g

w it h o u t h e lp e r s ,

good

a

e q u ip m e n t,

as:

ty p e

upon

w it h in

m e r ch a n d is e ,

b ills

or

For
as

w age

stu d y p u rp o se s,

w o rk e rs are

c la s s ifie d

by

ty p e o f

tru ck ,

fo llo w s :

of

r e je c t in g

T ru ck er,

pow er

(fo r k lift)

d ep a rtm en ts;

T m ck er,

pow er

(o th e r

th a n

fo r k lift)

file s .

s tu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r ite r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :
W ATCH M AN

R e c e iv in g
S h ip p in g

c le r k
c le r k

S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g




M akes
c le r k

a g a in s t

fir e ,

rounds

th e ft,

and

of

p r e m is e s

ille g a l

p e r io d ic a lly

en try .

in

p r o te c tin g

p rop erty




Available On Request—
The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services,' and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t o f the la t e s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y in d ica t in g da tes o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the Su perin te n den t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in t in g O f f i c e , W a sh in gton, D. C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s ho w n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O hio, June 1 9 6 6 1--------------------------------------------------A lb a n y— c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N. Y. , A p r . 1966 1________
S
A lb u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1 ____________________
A lle n to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s to n , P a .— .J ., F e b . 1966 1 __
B
E
N
Atlant a, Ga. , M a y 1966 1_________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
B e a u m o n t—P o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1966 1 ___
O
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1966___________________________
B o i s e C ity, Idaho, J uly 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________

1465-81,
1465-60,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1465-71,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1465-63,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

30
25
25
25
30
25
25
20
20
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts

M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1966-----------------------------------------M in n e a p o lis —
St. Pa u l, M i n n . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 --------------------M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e igh ts , M i c h . , M ay 1966 1____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y Cit y, N. J. , F e b . 1966 1__________
New Haven, C o n n . , Jan. 1966 1 ------------------------------------New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 ---------------------------------------New Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r . 1966 1 __________________________
N o r f o lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H am pton, Va. , June 1966--------------------------------------------O kla ho m a C ity, O kla. , Aug. 1 9 6 5 ______________________

1465-61,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1465-72,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1465-82,

20cen ts
25 ce n ts
25 cen ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1465-77,
1465-5,

20 cen ts
20 ce n ts

B u ffa lo , N. Y. , D e c . 1965________________________________
B u rlin g to n , Vt. , M a r . 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1 9 6 6 1 _______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1_______________________
C h a r lo t t e , N. C. , A p r . 1966 1------------------------------------------C h atta n o o ga , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1 9 6 5 ___________________
C h i c a g o , 111., A p r . 1 9 6 6 1------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, Ohio—
Ky. —
Ind. , M a r . 1966 1_______________
C l e v e l a n d , Ohio, Sept. 1965_____________________________
C o l u m b u s , O hio, O ct.
1965_____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , N o v. 1 9 6 5 _________________________________

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1465-70,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1465-57,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1465-24,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -1 3 ,
1465-76,
1 4 6 5 -3 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 2 ,
1465-46,
1 4 6 5 -2 3 ,
1465-73,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

D a v e n p o r t— o c k Island—M o lin e , Iowa—
R
111. ,
O ct . 1965__________________________________________________
D a yton , O hio, Jan. 1966 1------------------------------------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 1 _____________________________
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, F e b . 1966 1__________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , Nov. 1965____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , Aug. 1965-------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S. C . , M ay 1966 1___________________________
H ousto n , T e x . , June 1965------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d . , D e c . 1965 1__________________________

O maha, N e b r . —
Iowa, O ct. 1965 1 ______________________
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N. J. , M a y 1966 1------------C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . — J. , Nov. 1965 1__________________
N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1966 1-----------------------------------------P it ts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1966--------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M a in e , Nov. 1 9 6 5 1___________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —Wash. , M ay 1966 1----------------------------P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u ck e t—W a r w ic k , R. I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 6 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N. C. , Sept. 1965 1_____________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N o v. 1965 1 ____________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1966 1-----------------------------------------------

1465-65,
1 4 6 5 -1 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 6 ,

25 cen ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 cen ts

1465-16,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1465-4,
1465-74,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1465-31,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
25
25
30

cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

St. L o u i s , M o . —
111., O ct. 1965_________________________
Salt Lake C ity, Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 5 _______________________
San A n ton io , T e x . , June 1966----------------------------------------San B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif . ,
O
Sept. 1965 1----------------------------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N o v. 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
San F r a n c i s c o —
Oakla nd, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1---------------San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1965 1___________________________
Savannah, Ga. , M a y 1966 1----------------------------------------------Scra n to n , P a . , Aug. 1965 1--------------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e t t , W a s h . , O ct. 1965 1-----------------------------

1 4 6 5 -2 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 2 ,
1465-78,

25 cen ts
20 ce n ts
20ce nts

1 4 6 5 -2 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 ,
1 4 6 5 -9 ,

30 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
2 5 cen ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

Sioux F a l l s , S. D a k . , O ct. 1965 1______________________
South Ben d, I n d . , M a r . 1966 1__________________________
Spokane, W a s h . , June 1966______________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio—M ic h . , F e b . 1966________________________
T r e n t o n , N. J. , D e c . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
Washin gton, D. C. —Md. — a . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 _______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1966 1 ________________________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, Nov. 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
W ic hit a, K a n s . , O ct. 1965______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1 9 6 6 1_________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1---------------------------------------------------Youngsto w n—W a r r e n , Ohio, Nov. 1965 1 _______________

1 4 6 5 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1465-75,
1 4 6 5 -4 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 4 ,
1465- 14,
1465-52,
1 4 6 5 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 1 ,
1465-83,
1465-40,
1465-25,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20ce n ts
20ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
20 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1_____________________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 4 , 25 ce n ts
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ___________________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 1 , 20 ce n ts
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1965 1 _________________ 1 4 6 5 -2 7 , 30 ce n ts
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l, M a s s . — H. , June 1966 1______ 1 4 6 5 - 8 0 , 25 ce n ts
H
N.
L ittle R o c k — o rt h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , Aug. 1965______ 1 4 6 5 -6 ,
N
20 ce n ts
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1966 1 ___________________ 1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
30 ce n ts
L ou isville, K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1966________________________ 1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
20 ce n ts
L u b b o c k , T e x . , June 1 9 6 6 1______________________________ 1 4 6 5 - 7 9 , 25 ce n ts
M a n c h e s t e r , N. H. , Aug. 1965___________________________ 1 4 6 5 -2 ,
20 ce n ts
M e m p h i s , Ten n. — r k . , Jan. 1966 1_____________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 2 ,
A
30 ce n ts
M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 1------------------------------------------------- 1 4 6 5 -3 0 ,
25 ce n ts
M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x -------------------------------------------------- (Not previously surveyed)
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "O ccupational Wage Surveys."





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102