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Area Wage Survey

The Charleston, West Virginia, Metropolitan Area
April 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey

The Charleston, West Virginia, Metropolitan Area




April 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-70
July 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 2 5 cents




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The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v isio n s .
It
y ie ld s d etaile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d iv is io n s ^ o r each
o f th e a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
t h e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t i n t o (1 ) t h e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2 ) t h e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv isio n s.
A t the en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
letin p r e s e n t s su r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a r o u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h of the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
s tu d i e d in to on e b u lle tin .
The secon d p art p re se n ts in fo r­
m a tio n w h ich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s an d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

W a ge t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A.

B.

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c te d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
In fo rm a tio n on e s ta b lish m e n t p r a c ­
tic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s is ob tain ed b ie n ­
n i a lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , i n A p r i l 1 9 6 6 .
The Stan dard M etro­
p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by th e B u r e a u of the
B u d g e t th ro u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s of K a n a w h a C oun ty.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y the B u r e a u ' s r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , J o h n W. L e h m a n , D i r e c t o r ; b y A d r i e n D .
P i c a r d , u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d C h a ik e n .
The study
w a s u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f E llio tt A. B r o w a r ,
A s s is ta n t R e gio n al D ire c to r for
W ages and In d u strial
R e latio n s.




4

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ---------------------------------------------------------------------In d e x e s of s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , a n d p e r c e n t s of
c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ______________________________________
O ccu p atio n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n a n d w o m e n _______________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — o m e n _________
w
A - 3 . O ffice , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ------------------------------------------A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s __________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s ands u p p le m e n ta r y w age p r o v i s io n s :*
B -l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w om en officew o r k e r s —
B-2.
S h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B-3.
S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ____________________________________
B-4.
P a i d h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------B-5.
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________________
B-6.
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s i o n p l a n s _____________________
B - 7 . H e a l t h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s an d
t h e i r d e p e n d e n t s ____________________________________________
B-8.
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ___ ___________________________________

A ppen dixes:
A . C h a n g e s i n o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s _____________________________
B . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s __________________________________________

areas.

♦ NOTE:
S im ila r tab u latio n s
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p ­
p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the C h a r l e s t o n a r e a i s a l s o
a v a i l a b l e f o r i n d u s t r i a l c h e m i c a l s ( N o v e m b e r 1965). U n ion
s c a l e s , in d icativ e of p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls , a r e a v a ila b le
fo r se v e n s e le c te d b u ild in g t r a d e s .

iii

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4

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7
8
9
10
11
12
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Area Wage Survey—
The Charleston, W. Va., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a i d ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h av e
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B ureau of L a b o r Statistics con du cts s u r v e y s o f occu pa tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s o n an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , da ta
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in du stry g rou p s ex clu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies a re
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a te tabulations a re
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t co m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th u s, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld not b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w it h in the
sam e survey job d escription .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a re con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n ot the n u m b e r
actually su r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a in e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow in g ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t i e s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e of
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b ility o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in divid ual e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w ho
a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P la n t w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( i n c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s . " O f f i c e w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu rin g in d u strie s.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da ta e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts.
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n l y to th e e s ­
tablish m en ts v is ite d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - 2 ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f ( l ) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , 1 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at th e t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d t o a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e ta b u la t e d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Paid h o lid a y s ;
p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a l i f y f o r the p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - 2 t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
n ot e q u a l t o t a l s b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a i d h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a o n h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f i r s t
p a r t o f th e p a i d h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu din g in fo r m a l a rra n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith pa y is g r a n t e d at th e d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p lo y e r - .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f a nn ua l e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s . H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n pa y, p a y m e n t s n o t o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f ann ual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 a nd B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is
b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

* A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e re d as h a v in g
co n d itio n s: (1 ) O p e ra te d la t e sh ifts a t th e tim e o f the
la t e sh ifts. A n e s ta b lish m e n t w as c o n sid e re d a s h a v in g
sh ifts du rin g the 12 m o n th s p rio r to th e su rv ey , o r (2 )
la te sh ifts.




a p o lic y if it m e t e ith e r o f the fo llo w in g
su rv ey , o r ( 2 ) h a d fo r m a l p ro v isio n s c o v e rin g
fo r m a l p ro v isio n s if it (1 ) h a d o p e ra te d la te
h a d p ro v isio n s in w ritten fo rm fo r o p e ra tin g

w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plan s in clu d e th o se u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fun d o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e i n ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso presen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p r e d e te r m in e d ca s h paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k a nd N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted t e m p o r a r y d is a b ility in su ra n c e law s w hich re q u ire e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , * p l a n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r (1) c o n ­
2
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w . T a b u l a t i o n s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p l a n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f th e w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
beca u se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
( l ) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and n o w a i t i n g p e r i o d , and (2) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n
to th e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
to t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p l a n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p l a n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
Such plan s m a y b e u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th e y m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d .
T abu lation s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plan s a re lim ite d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g t o p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w ith in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p la n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d t o s e l e c t w h e t h e r to ta ke h is s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2 T h e te m p o ra ry d is a b ility la w s in C a lifo r n ia a n d R h od e Isla n d do n o t re qu ire e m p lo y e r
co n trib u tio n s.
3 A n e s ta b lish m e n t w a s co n sid e re d as h a v in g a fo r m a l p la n if it e s ta b lish e d a t le a s t the
m in im u m n u m b er o f d a y s o f sic k le a v e a v a i la b le to e a c h e m p lo y e e .
S u ch a p la n n e e d n o t b e
w ritte n , b u t in fo r m a l sic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s, d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is , w ere e x c lu d e d .

3

Table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Charleston, W. Va. , 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 A pril 1966
W orkers in establishments

Number of establishments
Industry division

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
o f study

Within scope of study
Within scope
of study i

Studied
T otal4

Studied

Plant
Number

P ercent

T otal4

118

64

35,700

100

22, 500

5, 800

30, 540

50
-

34
84

24
40

21,300
14,400

60
40

14,500
8, 000

2,800
3, 000

20,370
10,170

50
50
50
50
50

14
18
34
8
10

12
6
13
4
5

6, 300
1,600
4, 700
800
1,000

18
4
13
2
3

2, 400

1,500

5, 850
560
2, 820
360
580

All d ivision s__________________________________
Manufacturing__________________________________
Nonmanufacturing______________________________
Transportation, com m unication, and
other public utilities 5_____________________
Wholesale tra d e_________________ __________
Retail trade____ ___________________________ _
Finance, insurance, and real esta te. -------S ervices 8__________________________________

O ffice

\)

)
‘)

‘)
6)
6)

1 The Charleston Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through March 1965, consists of Kanawha County. The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor fo rce included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve
as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data com piled
considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair se rvice ,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, p rofessional, and other workers excluded from the separate plant and office categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosu re of individual
establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates fo r "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in
estim ates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal serv ices; business serv ices; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




A lm ost three-fifths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Charleston
area were employed in manufacturing firm s. The following table presents the m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry group

Specific industries

C hem icals--------------------------------- 67
Ordnance and a c c e s s o r ie s _____ 11
Stone, clay, and glass
p ro d u cts_____________________ 7

Industrial ch e m ica ls ___________ 64
Tank and tank com ponents______ 11
Flat g la s s ______________________ 5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled p rior to actual survey. P roportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .

the j o b s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961.
T h e s e w eighted earn ings
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d t o o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , th e r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n th e r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d t o the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r th e b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s of ch ange re la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n da t a f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c l u d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w it h in e a c h g r o u p .
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n an d w o m en ):
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
C le rk s, a c c o u n tin g , c la s s e s A an d B
C le rk s, f i l e , c la s s e s A , B, an d C
C le rk s, o rd e r
C le ik s , p a y r o ll
C o m p to m e te r o p e ra to rs
K e y p u n ch o p e ra to rs, c la s s e s A a n d B
O ffic e b o y s an d g irls
S te n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l
S te n o g ra p h e rs, se n io r
S w itc h b o a rd o p e ra to rs, c l a s s e s A an d B
T a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e ra to rs, c la s s B
T y p is ts, c la s s e s A a n d B

T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
th e e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in th e p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
diffe re n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a i d w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r th e a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in th e p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , th e m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e t h e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh n o c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D a ta a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y t o r e m o v e f r o m th e i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

In d u stria l nurses ( m e n an d w o m en ):
N u rses, in d u stria l (re g is te r e d )
S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C a rp e n te rs
E le c t r ic ia n s
M a c h in ists
M e c h a n ic s
M e c h a n ic s ( a u to m o tiv e )
P a in te rs
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l an d d ie m a k e rs
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):
Ja n ito rs, p o rters, an d c le a n e r s
L ab o re rs, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

N O T E : S e c r e t a r ie s , in c lu d e d in th e l i s t o f jo b s in a ll p rev io u s y e a r s ,
e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f a c h a n g e in the d e sc rip tio n th is y e a r .

T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
a verage pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ours.
T h e y a r e not in flu en ced by
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

are

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earn ings w e re
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th e n m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f
T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s a n d str a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l grou ps in C h a rle sto n , W . V a . ,
A p ril 19 6 6 a n d A p r il 1 9 6 5 , a n d p e rc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1 fo r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
In d e xe s
(A p ril 1 9 6 1 = 1 0 0 )

Indu stry an d o c c u p a tio n a l grou p
A p r il 19 6 6

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------In d u stria l nurses ( m e n an d w o m e n ) -----S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n )-----------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) -------------------------




M a n u f a ctu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------In d u stria l nurses ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) -----S k i lle d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )-----------------U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) ------------------------

A p ril 1965

P erc e n ts o f c h a n g e 1
A p ril 1965
to
A p ril 19 6 6

1 1 3 .6
1 1 3 .3
111. 1

111. 2
1 0 9 .9
10 8 . 1

2.2

111.0

110.0

.9

108. 2

112.6
110. 1

1 0 4 .7
10 9 . 3
1 0 7 .4

3 .3
3 .0

11 4 . 1

110.8

3 .0

3 .0

2.8

2.6

A p ril 196 4
to
A p ril 1965

A p ril 1963
to
A p ril 1964

A p ril 1962
to
A p ril 1963

A p r il ‘1961
to
A p r il 1962

1.
2.

2.6

2. 1
4 .6
2. 6
3 .0

4 .9
2 .4

1.0

0 .3
3 .9
3 .3

2 .9

2.2

1 .9
4 .6
2. 5
3 .0

1 .7
.9
.5
.7

4 .4
3. 1
1 .4

2
2
1 .7
4 .0

. 7
1 .7
1. 8
4. 5

.4

2.6
2—.2

.4

1.8
2. 5

2. 2

U n less o th erw ise in d ic a te d , a l l c h a n g e s a re in c re a se s.
T h is d e c lin e la r g e l y r e f le c ts sh ifts in e m p lo y m e n t b e tw e e n h ig h - an d lo w - w a g e e s ta b lish m e n ts ra th er th a n w a g e d e c r e a se s.

A p ril 1960
to
A p ril 1961

1.6

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a ., A p r i l 1 9 6 6 )

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
%%

Average
weekly
(standard)

40
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

s

i

$

$

S

S

S

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

n o

120

130

140

150

1 60

170

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

2
-

14
6
8

15
2
13

20
9
ii

4
-

6
4

4
4

2
2

and
und er
45

M
EN
$
$
1 2 4 .5 0 1 2 3 . 5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 1 3 4 .0 0

$
$
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

—
-

-

—
-

—
-

—
-

—
-

1
1

-

1
1

—
-

6
i

1
1

9
2

*

*

9 0 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

4

6

4

6

5

4

3

i

-

-

-

-

8 9 .5 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

i

-

-

2

-

9

2

-

i

-

2

1

i

3

-

-

-

6 8 .5 0
o< :.uu

5 8 .5 0 -

-

1

4

5

5

3

_

4

5

2

1

2

i

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

_

9

9

9

3

3

-

-

5

6

i

1

3
3

4

-

_
-

_
-

-

1

_
“

“

-

_

_

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

85
33
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------------

39

4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0

CLERKS,

PAYROLL ----------------------------------------

22

3 9 .0

1 0 0 .0 0

OFFICE 8 0 YS -------------------------------------------------

33
20

4 0 .0
**U* U

7 0 .5 0
LO.UU

3

^U

8 3 .5 0

9

'

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
18

'

1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

8

W
OMEN

BILLERS,

MACHINE (BILLING

BILLERS,

MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

17

u. u

. a . vw

VU. 3

o u .u u

61.UU

3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0

6 4 .5 0

1

. V7.V2V

*

*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
68

j
O

CLERKS,

*^

5 7 .5 0 -

7 5 .5 0

*

ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------------

51

3 9 .5

27

3 9 .0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

1 1 9 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

9 7 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 2 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

102
27
75

4 0 .0
40. 0
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
9 0 . 00
6 9 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

5 9 .0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
5 4 .5 0 - 7 7 .5 0

JU.O

oo
6 0 .0 0

_

_

2

2

-

-

-

2

2

~

_
-

2
2

20
1
19

5
5

12
1
11

-

> 0 . 00

-

12
3
9

17
3
14

4
3
i

1

-

2

7

1

5

i

6
5
i

2
2

4
3
i

5
1
4

1
1

7
5

2
1

2
2

4
4

-

1

3
1

-

_

7
7

-

7
6

1

-

3

-

-

-

*

1

■

4
i

i
i

2
2

3
3

3

4

2

3

2
1

1
1

2
2

10
10

2
2

8
8

-

3
3

7
6

21
21
19

8
7

8

7
4
2

a
7
7

3

2
2

1
-

_

5

-

i
i
i

-

_
-

-

-

-

1
1

'

13
2
11
1

14
5
9
4

"

3
1
2
1

14
4
10
2

19
6
13
10

ii
3
8
7

9 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

_

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

53
45

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

6 5 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

4
4

i
i

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 ---------------------------

67
56
34

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

6 1 .5 0 6 1 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

_
-

SECRETARIES4 5----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 ----------------------

241
1 14
127
84

3 9 .5
40. 0
39. 5
3 9 .5

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
9 4 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

_
-




_

4

1
“

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

a t e n d o f t a b le ,

4

5
i
4

_

1

34
22

1 1 6 . 50 1 1 6 . 5 0
1 2 5 .0 0 1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 1 7 .0 0

-

11

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

fo o tn o te s

3

*

NGNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

S ee

7

*

1^* ™
• 0

-

-

3

1
-

3

1
1
-

13
3

10

-

_
-

~
“

“

34
14
20
17

38
27
11
11

21
17
4
4

“
47
20
27
26

-

_

-

“

“

“

-

-

-

~

10

“

9
1

1

i
i

-

i
1

6
T a b le A - l .

O ffic e O c c u p a tio n s — M e n and W o m e n —

C o n t in u e d

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va., April 1966)
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

*

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

40
M ean1*
24
5

Median 2

Middle range 2

WOMEN -

t

$

S

*

t

$

$

t

t

$

t

S

*

$

S

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

1 30

140

150

160

170

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

~
-

—

—

1

1

5
4

1

-

3
2

4
4
4

7
7
7

10
10
10

2
2
2

and
u n d er
45

SECRETARIES4 5 -

$

$

S

CONTINUED
CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS B5------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S3 ----------------------------

36
32
25

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

$
1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 2 2 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C5 ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

51
42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 4 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

9 8 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D5 ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

68
24
44

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

223
100
123

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 9 0 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

100
75
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B5-------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

53
46

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

6 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

6 3 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

5 2 .5 0 - 7 4 .5 0
4 9 .0 0 - 7 4 .5 0

8
8

5
5

1
1

5
5

12
8

i
-

9
9

2
1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I S T S NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

43
33

4 0 .0
39, 5

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

7 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0

6 1 .5 0 6 1 .0 0 -

l
1

-

2
2

5
4

9
8

3
3

9
6

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

61
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

9 4 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

9 8 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

_

_

1

5
-

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S3 ----------------------------

125
71
16

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

5 8 .0 0 - 7 3 .5 0
5 5 .0 0 - 7 4 .0 0
6 9 .0 0 - 7 9 .0 0

5
4
2

37
9
3

$

$

$

7 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

—
-

—

—
-

—

-

—
-

2
2
2

1
-

6
6
_

-

_
-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

_
“

1

11
3
8

-

4
4
“

~

-

-

6
2
4

27
10
17

27
12
15

26
17
9

28
8
20

31
21
10

14
7
7

20
14
6

6
3
3

7
4
3

1
1

_
“

_
-

—

-

*

-

3
3

5
1
4

11
5
6

7
3
4

5
3
2

3
1
2

6
6

24
21
3

23
21
2

6
4
2

6
6
”

_

_

_

—

-

-

-

i
-

3
3

6
6

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

10
8

i

i

-

-

2
i

“

”

"

3
2

4
4

3
2

7
1

3
2

7
7

-

-

-

-

22
8
4

13
5
5

5
5
1

1
1

2
2
1

-

-

_

_

-

i
i

_

-

-

-

-

“

27
10
17

_

-

1
1

7
7

_

-

4
“

8
2
6

-

-

5
5

2
2

14
14

18
17

6
5

3
1
2

6
6

20
18

1
1

2
2
“

4
i
3

-

4
3

i
i

-

-

9
8

—
-

2
1
1

-

-

6
5

—

“

1
1

6
—
6

-

8
8

—
—

-

*

-

-

11
11

8
8

9
9

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
* Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 May include workers other than those presented separately.
5 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




7
T a b le A -2 .

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d T e c h n ic a l O c c u p a t io n s — W o m e n

(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , A pril 1966)
W e ek ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )
N um ber
of
w orkers

Number of workers rec eiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of —
$

A verage
w e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( sta n d ard )

$

$

$

t

S

*

$

$

t

$

*

$

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

-------

43

4 0 .0

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

95

100

10 5

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

1

2

2

3

3

1

7

5

3

7

2

1

85
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ran g e 2

$
NURSES,

90

90

Occupation and industry division

$

$

1 1 9 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0

and
under

1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

$

6

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , April 1966)
A verage

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

A verage

W eek ly
W eek ly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

MACHINE

18

BIL LE R S?

......

NACHINE

-

4 0 .0
40. 0

7 2 .5 0
71. j0

18

39 5
3 9 .5

f U
Gn .

zj
z°
34

nn
00

t

.

« ■

43

8 0 .5 0

3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0

4 0 .0

n n

11'
: :

/

TQ

^

39

56
31

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

45

PAYROLL -------------------------------------------

3?

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 0

21

40. 0

39

3 8 .0

66

CLASS A

------------------------------------------------

to

n

1 2 0 .0 0

1 1 r 1 j 1o f

LLAj j

9 8 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

00* '0

GENERAL ---------------------------

24
44

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 0 .5 0

224

3 9 .5

51

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0

L
)

4 0 .0

17

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

8 3 .5 0

39* 5

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.
4 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




—

7 7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,
0

6 8 . 00

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------——

+ 0. 0

1 0 4 .0 0

CLERK S.

3 9 .5

CONTINUED

5

1 2 6 .0 0
Z**
zz

109

33

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASo C

39 5
3 9 .5

1 &4

1 2 9 .5 0

®

4 0 .0

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .0

15

6 6 50
7 4 .0 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard^

Iy U I ’lnMi'IUf A L 1 UK 1 ni6

r
r

17

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------------

A verage
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

J J J*? !?
«

................ ... „ _ _

Zn c

W eek ly
earnings 1
( standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS zz

(BOOKKEEPING
24

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard'

CONTINUED

$

(B IL L IN G

Number
of

T Y P IS T S ,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B IL L E R S .

Occupation and industry division

39

« .o
’

6 5 .5 0
7 4 .0 0




T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e an d P o w e r p l a n t O c c u p a t io n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va. , April 1966)

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

9
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d M a t e r i a l M o v e m e n t O c c u p a t i o n s

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Charleston, W. Va., April 1966)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean3

Median^

Middle range-5

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0

$
2.1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2.4 0

2.5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3.0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

2 .1 0

2.2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2.6 0

2 .8 0

3.0 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0 3 .8 0

2
2

2
~

-

-

_

_
~

15
15

53
53

_

~

13
13

_

“

“

“

7

Unde

$
$
1 .0 0 1 .1 0

15

53

-

-

-

25
13
12
6

_
-

11
11

33
10
23
19

_
-

4
4
4

124
123
1
1

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

1.1 0

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN! ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

39
39

GUAROS AND WATCHMEN-------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

90
85

.97
.97

$
1 .1 5
1 .1 5

$

.5 0 .5 0 -

3.1 2
3.1 2

2 .8 5 2 .9 3 -

3.1 6
3.1 6

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1.4 0

1 .5 0

1.6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

-

1
~

2
2

i
~

1

-

-

_

80
4
76
~

41
1
40
2

14

21
21

1
1

_

1.9 0 2 .0 0

$
1 .3 2
1 .3 2

2 .9 1
2 .9 8

$

_

“

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

75

3 .0 8

3 .1 3

2 .9 8 -

385
174
211
38

1.97
2 .4 9
1 .5 3
2 .1 5

2 .0 2
2 .7 2
1 .3 6
2.3 3

1 .3 2 2 .3 3 1 .2 6 2 .0 3 -

2 .7 1
2.7 6
1.7 9
2 .3 8

1
1
~

2
~

6
i
5
~

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

39
38

1 .5 2
1.5 1

1 .2 9
1.2 9

1 .2 4 1 .2 4 -

1.8 6
1.8 5

1
1

_

_

“

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

291
122
169

2.5 6
2 .5 7
2 .5 6

2 .7 5
2.7 4
2 .8 5

2 . 1 3 - 3 .2 1
2 .3 3 - 2 .8 3
2 .0 1 - 3.2 5

_

F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------

73

2 .2 5

2 .3 9

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

104
90

3 .0 7
3 .1 9

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

47

2.7 5

32

TRUCKDRIVERS6 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM I 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS! --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

-

_

~

3.1 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U TI LIT IE S5 ----------*----------------

OROER

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------TRUCKERS,

1
2
3
4
5
6

POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------------

2

14

_

7
~
7
1

9
9

2
2

_

2
2

1
1

7
1
6
5

_

12
3
9
~

9
7
2
~

_

_

“

_

_

~

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

39
39
-

53
43
10

_

79
79

_
~

2

3
3

9
9

“

4
4

i
i

7
3
4

26
1
25

13
11
2

17
10
7

16
14
2

2

i

4
4

“

_

_

_
-

-

11

-

_
-

-

11

17
1
16

1 .6 4 - 2 .9 4

-

-

-

10

7

-

-

4

4

-

-

4

4

-

4

2

2

4

28

~

-

-

-

3 .2 3
3 .2 4

3 .0 8 - 3 .2 7
3 .2 1 - 3 .2 8

_

-

_

-

-

-

4

2

_

-

-

3
3

_

“

3
1

i

*

1
”

-

“

1
1

-

2
2

12
11

70
67

2
2

3
3

2.7 7
3.0 1

2 .0 8 -

3.3 5

-

5

3 .0 6

2 .7 5 -

3 .5 3

i
i

14
14

1
1

4
4

4
2

10
10

647
318
329

2.9 0
2 .9 6
2 .8 5

3 .0 8
3 . 12
3 .0 6

2 .8 5 2 .7 9 2 .9 6 -

3.2 0
3 .1 8
3.2 3

-

2
2

1
1

_
~

123
34
89

2.6 4
2 .8 0
2.5 8

3.1 1
3.1 0
3 .2 0

2 .1 4 2 .6 8 2 .1 2 -

3 .2 3
3 .1 5
3 .2 5

-

108

3.0 0

2.9 8

2 .7 8 -

3 .2 4

130

2 .7 0

2 .5 7

2 .4 9 -

2 .9 7

-

_

_

4
-

5
1
4

1
1

-

-

-

1

15

-

-

-

1

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
~
19

4

4
4
“

8
8

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

1
1

3
~
3

3
2
1

1

2

1

2

3

_

_

-

_

_
-

_
-

16
1
15

8
3
5

3
3
~

25
25
~

24
16
8

31
27
4

48
36
12

288
15 3
135

154
45
109

1

16

8

-

-

-

-

7

23

45

-

-

1

15

5

-

-

-

-

4

-

45

-

-

12

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
Workers were distributed as follows: 10 at $0.40 to $0.50; 2 at $0.60 to $0.70; and 3 at $0.70 to $0.80.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




3.6 0

and
1.00 under

3

16

30

7

40

-

-

-

-

3

2

28

42

5

22

14

11

-

-

10
B. E sta b lish m e n t P ra ctic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W orkers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers. Charleston, W. V a ., A pril 1966)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1 .

.. . ...

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of---

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishments studied..................................... .

Other inexperienced c le rica l workers 1
2

40

All
schedules

Manufacturing
All
industries

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard weekly h o u rs 3 of--40

All
schedules

40

64

24

40

XXX

64

24

XXX

40

XXX

17

9

9

8

6

29

11

9

18

12

$ 4 5 .0 0
.
$ 47.5 0 _____________________________
$ 50. 00______________________________
$52. 50____
_ __
$ 5 5 .0 0 __________ __ __ ___________
$ 57.50______________________________
$ 60. 00_ _ _______ ________ ______
$ 62. 50_ __
______
$ 65.00
____
$ 6 7 .5 0 . __ ____ _______
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50.
.
.
___ __ .
$ 75. 00______________________________
............

2
1
2
2
3
2
2

_
1
2
3
1

_
1
2
-

1
2

2
1
2
1
3
2

_
l
2
1
3
•
2

1
2
6
3
2
1
2
-

1
2

2
1
1
1
1
-

1
2
2
6
3
3
3
3
3

2

2
1
1
1
2
1
-

-

_
6
2
1
1
1
1
-

Establishments having no specified m inim um _______ _ __

9

3

XXX

6

XXX

11

2

XXX

9

XXX

38

12

XXX

26

XXX

24

11

XXX

13

XXX

Establishments having a specified minimum____________
$ 42 .50
$ 45.00
$ 47. 50
$ 50 .00
$ 52 .50
$ 55.00
$ 5 7 .50
$ 6 0 .00
$ 62.50
$ 6 5 .00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$75 .00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

Establishments which did not em ploy workers
in this category _
__
_ _
__________

3

XXX

3

1 These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid fo r standard workweeks.
2 Excludes w orkers in su b clerica l jobs such as m essenger or o ffice girl.
3 Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard workweek reported.




1




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

( S h ift d if f e r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m o u n t o f d if f e r e n t ia l,
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , A p r i l 1966)
P e rc e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p la n t w o r k e r s —

S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
Second s h ift
w o rk

96. 0

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

8 9 .6

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

Second s h ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

15. 0

9. 3

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________

93. 2

8 9 .6

14. 7

9. 3

U n if o r m c e n ts ( p e r h o u r ) __________________

91. 2

89. 1

1 3 .9

9 .3

5 c e n ts
6 c e n t s . __ . . ____ . . __________ ___
8 c e n ts
9 c e n t s _________________________________
10 c e n ts ___
_
_______ _________
12 c e n ts
14 c e n ts _________________________________
15 c e n ts _______________________________
16 c e n ts —_______________________________
17 c e n ts ______ —_________________________
18 c e n ts __ ____ . . __________________
20 c e n ts
25 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------------

2. 1
8. 7
4. 6
27. 1
.6
44. 5
3. 7

.5
1 .0
.2
5 .6
. 1
6. 2
.3
-

.8
(1
2)
2. 6
. 1
. 1
5. 3
.3

O th e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l______________

2. 1

.9

-

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _________________

2. 7

_
_
-

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ifts ,
e v e n th o u g h th e y w e re n o t c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.

_

8 .7
1. 1
2 .6
-

27. 1
.9
.6
44. 5
3 .7
.5

.2

and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te

s h ifts

12
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e rc e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s trie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y sche d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , A p r i l 1966)

Plant workers

Office workers

Weekly hours
All industries 1

A ll w ork ers_________________________________ __
Under 3 7 72 hours___________________ _________
37V hours______________ ___________ _______
2
Over 37V and under 40 h ou rs_________________
2
4 0 h o u r s .. _ . . . .
._
.
Over 40 and under 44 hours___________________
44 h ou rs_______________________________________
45 h ou rs_______________________________________
48 h ou rs_______________________________________
50 h ou rs___ _____ ___________________ . ___

1
2
3
4

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

100

100

100

3

1
4
74
3

3
1

2
9

2

-

-

-

76
5

2

1
14

98
-

2

-

All in d ustries3

100
5
12
2
74
1
1
4
1

In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




Manufacturing

Public u tilities2

100

100

3

38

-

-

89
(4)
8
-

60
2

show n s e p a ra te ly .

13

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a ., A p r i l 1 9 6 6 )

P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

Ite m
A l l in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll w o rk e rs

. ...............

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s
W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 1
2

A l l in d u s t r ie s 3

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 2

100

100

100

100

100

96
__

100

97

100

99

100

100

4

3

(4 )

-

N u m b e r o f days
L e s s th a n 4 h o lid a y s
4 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
5 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
6 h o lid a y s
_ __
_ _
7 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ____________________
7 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ___________________
8 h o lid a y s
_____
9 h o lid a y s ____________________________________
11 h o lid a y s ..........
12 h o lid a y s

(4 )
2
1
22
12
9

8
12
14

-

-

40
11

46
17

-

-

10

15
-

-

"

-

73
2
-

(4 )
(4 )
19
7
4
(4 )
56
6
5
2

_
_
6
5
8
(4 )
68
12
-

_
_
8
2
_
_
90
1
_

-

-

T o ta l h o lid a y t im e 5
12 d a y s ------------------------------------------- __ _________
11 days o r m o r e _____________________________
9 days o r m o re
8 days o r m o r e ______________________________
7 V2 da ys o r m o r e ____________________________
7 days o r m o re
6 da ys o r m o re
5 days o r m o r e ____ ____ . .
. . . . . ___
4 da ys o r m o re
2 days o r m o r e — — _ — _________
— _

-

-

11
51
60
71
93
94
96
96

17
63
77
89
97
97
97
97

-

2
75
75
90
100
100
100
100

2
7
13
70
73
80
99
99
99
99

-

12
81
88
94
100
100
100
100

_
1
90
90
92
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data fo r wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and s e rvice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 L/ess than 0. 5 percent.
5 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are com bined; fo r example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and no
half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on.
P roportions were then cumulated.




14
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r i l 1966)

P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s t r ie s 2

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
91
8
1

100
91
9

100
80
20

100
100

-

100
100
-

-

-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(5 )

-

-

-

-

*

9
7
1

14
2
*

-

57
2

87
2

-

53
1
46

40
60

-

36
(5)
63

4
_
96

98
_
2

34
3
63

35
(s )
65

28
5
67

4
4
92

2
(5 )
97

2
10
88

14
2
83

15
(5 )
85

1

1
1
98

_

99

(! )
99

_
1
99

14
2
83

15
(5 )
85

1
99

1
1
98

(5 )
99

4
2
81
13

(5 )
83
17

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

M e th o d o f p a y m e n t
W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s ________________________________
L e n g th - o f - t im e p a y m e n t____________________
P e rc e n ta g e p a y m e n t________________________
F la t- s u m p a y m e n t__________________________
O t h e r ______________ _________________________
W o r k e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
no p a id v a c a tio n s _____________________ ______

-

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f te r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ___________________________________
1 w e ek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________

-

-

A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________

100
.

A f te r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
A f t e r 3 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ______ ______
__ ___ ________ ______

-

A f t e r 4 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________

.

1
99

A f te r 5 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _____________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________

_

_

.

100

1
1
91

*

7

1
25

7

18

68
6

80
12

82

(5 )
87
12

_
100
-

A f t e r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 week
2 w e eks
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ___________ ____ _____________________
4 w e e ks
___
____
_____

See footnotes at end of table.




4

_

_

22

14

33

1
61
11

68
17

2

67
"

"

15

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
---

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r i l 1966)

P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

V a c a tio n p o lic y
A l l in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c tu rin g

A l l in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

4
18
4
62
11

_
14
2
68
17

_
21
79
-

i
24
1
68
6

7
80
12

4
8
2
73
1
11

4
77
2
17

_
-

1
16
77
6

_
3
85
12

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6 C o n tin u e d
—
A f t e r 12 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________

_
18
82
-

A f t e r 15 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___
______
_________ _
_________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________

100
*

_
3
97
*

A f t e r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 w e e k s _______________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e ks
... ... ___ ..

_

4
7
35
1
42
11

47
17

4
7
21

2
22

51
12

9
51
17

2
33
2

_
33

67
-

1
16
25
52

6

_

_

2

3

18
68
12

43

_

_

-

53
-

A f t e r 25 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________ _______

_____ ______-____

2 w e e k s ________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________

O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________

6

_

_
1
99
-

1
16
7
1
69

6

2

3

5

(! )

2

77
13

97
*

A f t e r 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________________
w e e k s ________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _____________________
4 w e e ks
___________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________
2
3

of

4

_

_

i

_

_

7
19
6

2

-

16

19

1
-

7
1

(5 )

9

2
5
2

52
12

53
17

69

78

96

7

13

1

98
1

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v in g s a n d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s
s e r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p l a n s in t h e s t e e l , a l u m i n u m , a n d c a n i n d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .

6 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n ts o t h e r th a n " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n a u l e a r n in g s
o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as
1 w e e k 's p a y .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b itr a r ily
c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s i n d i c a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e i n c l u d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n
o r m o r e a ft e r 5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r fe w e r y e a r s




3
-

w ith

q u a lify in g

le n g t h s

o r fla t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
c h o s e n an d d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , th e
g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' p a y
o f s e r v ic e .

16

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p l a n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lth ,

in s u r a n c e ,

o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , 1 C h a r le s to n ,

W . V a .,

A p r il 1966)

P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f b e n e fit
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________________

W ork ers

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

100

100

100

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
98

100

100

99

99

47

39

81

52

23

83

94

99

90

85

97

93

S i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ____________
S ic k le a v e (fu ll p a y a n d n o
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) __________________________________
S ic k le a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a i t i n g p e r i o d ) __________________________________

79

98

25

51

91

3

16

14

36

40

28

88

50

63

33

37

64

5

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e __________________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________ ______________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e ____________________________ _____
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n . . . . ——____ —___- ___—
— —
N o h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s i o n p l a n ------------

96
96
84
65
85

99
99
95
70

99
99
93
83

98
98
97
84
94

100
100

L i f e i n s u r a n c e _________________________________________
A c c id e n t a l d e a th an d d is m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e ______________________________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 5 ________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

th e

1

96

100
100
80
79

88

89
(6 )

98
98
89

(6)

I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h a t le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e le g a lly r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
U n d u p lic a te d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to t h o s e w h ic h d e fin it e l y e s t a b lis h
a t le a s t
m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e e x c lu d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




17

Table B-7.

Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g h e a lt h in s u r a n c e b e n e f it s
c o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s and t h e ir d e p e n d e n t s , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a ., A p r i l 1966)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
T y p e o f b e n e fit,

covera g e,

and fin a n c in g 1
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M a n u fa c t u r in g

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

1 00

1 00

1 00

1 00

100

1 00

96
5
3
1

99

1 00
6

99
7
7

98

5

( 5)

(* )

1 00
4
4
1

92
14
56

99
12
55

94
28
58

92
15
63

98
6
71

96
11
77

22

32

3

13

22

2

1

-

5

2

-

6

S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ___________________________________
____ _____________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n ly
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d __________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d _______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _______________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d . ------------------------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d _______________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s -----------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s ________

96

99

100
6

98

5

99
7
7

1

( 5)

( 5)

1 00
4
4
1

1

M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------------C o v e r i n g e m p l o y e e s o n l y --------------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ---------------- ---------------------J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ----------- --------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _______________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d __________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ----------------- --------------------------E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s . . ----E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s _ -------

84
2

C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e ______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n ly
-----------------------------E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ___________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d -----------------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _______________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d ___________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ____ _________________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ;
jo in t ly fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s

w o r k e r s _________________________________________________
> r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s o n ly
___________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d . . ________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d _______________________________
C o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir
d e p e n d e n t s _______________________________________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d __________________________
J o i n t l y f i n a n c e d ______________ ______________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n t s ________
E m p lo y e r fin a n c e d f o r d e p e n d e n ts ;
j o i n t l y f i n a n c e d f o r e m p l o y e e s ________

5

( 5)
( 5)

3

( 5)
-

1

( 5)

92
14
56

99
12
55

22

1

( 5)
-

94
28
58

98
6

96

15
63

71

77

32

3

13

22

2

-

5

2

-

6

95

93
6
6

97
( 5)
-

98
4
4

( 5)

80
6
5
1

<5)

( 5)

1

74
8
58

87

7
53

94
7
55

12
60

97
4

22

32

3

-

5

65

70

79

2
2

~
-

6

70
1
50

73

19

1

1
82

1

( 5)
63
4

45
14

1

( 5)
-

92

( 5)
-

11

71

94
9
77

13

22

2

2

-

6

83

98

5

6

1

( 5)

84
-

77

84

6

4
4
1

31

18

1

94
47

34

50

70

39

3

8

12

2

5

2

-

6

1 In c lu d e s p la n s f o r w h ic h at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r. See fo o tn o te 1, ta b le B - 6 . A n e s ta b lis h m e n t was c o n s id e re d as p r o v id in g b e n e fits to e m plo yees f o r t h e ir
dep endents i f such c o v e ra g e w as a v a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f th o s e e m p lo y e e s one w o u ld u s u a lly e x p e c t to have d e p endents, e .g ., m a r r ie d m e n , even though th e y w e re le s s th a n a m a jo r it y
o f a ll p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y e r b e a rs the e n tir e c o s t of " e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " p la n s .
T he e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e s h a re the c o s t o f " jo in t ly fin a n c e d " p la n s.
2 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o se in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e rc e n t.




18
Table B-8.

Profit-Sharing Plans

( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , A p r i l 1966)

P la n t w o rk e r s

O ffic e w o rk e r s

T y p e o f p la n
A l l in d u s tr ie s 1
2

100
W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s — ___

__

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t
d i s t r ib u t i o n ________ _____________ _ ____

M a n u fa c tu rin g

100

P u b lic u t i l i t i e s 3

100

A l l in d u s t r ie s 4

100

M a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t il it ie s 3

100

100

6

5

-

-

-

( 5)

-

_

4

-

-

3

_

_

1

-

-

3

_

_

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e
o f m e th o d o f d is tr ib u tio n __________________

.

-

-

.

_

_

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s --------------------------------------------

95

94

100

100

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e fe r re d
P la n s p r o v id in g f o r b o th c u r r e n t
and d e fe r re d d i s t r ib u t i o n ________

_______

100

100

1 The s tu d y was lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s (1) h a v in g e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o f it s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w hose fo r m u la s w e re c o m m u n ic a te d to the e m p lo ye e s in
advance o f the d e te r m in a tio n o f p r o f it s ; (3) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t b y the c o m p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic c o n tr ib u tio n s ba se d on p r o f it s ; and (4) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e xte n d s to a m a jo r it y o f the
p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
2 In c lu d e s da ta f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .
4 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s th a n 0.5 p e rc e n t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational D escriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for drafts­
man, secretary, and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain
salary information for more specific categories.
Secretary. The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A, B,
C, and D) classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The
size of the organization and the scope of the supervisor's position are ,con­
sidered in distinguishing these levels. Data published under the composite
title of secretary are not comparable to data previously published.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead




19

of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.
Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (classes A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, data presented for any of
these occupations are not comparable to data previously published.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

21

22
CLERK, A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

24
SECRET A R Y — Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class C
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e)£tension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

25
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—-Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following? Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

26
PROFESSIONAL

ND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used* load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edic"!
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




27
E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

HELPER, M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

28
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship-or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

29
TOOL A N D D IE M A K E R — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R KER, M A IN T E N A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

A ND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

30
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
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p e r s o n n e l, m anagers o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .

O rder a s B L S B u lle tin 1 46 9, N a tio n a l S u rv ey o f P r o fe s s io n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h ­
n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , F e b ru a ry —M arch 1 9 6 5 . 45 c e n t s a c o p y .




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Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w .
A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o cu m e n ts , U. S. G o v e rn m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in gton , D. C . , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s sh ow n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A rea

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O h io , June 1965___________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y , N. Y . , A p r . 1966 * ________
S
T
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1 ____________________
A lle n to w n — e th le h e m — a s to n , P a .— .J ., F e b . 1966 1 __
B
E
N
A tla n ta , G a. , M ay 1965___________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
B ea u m on t—P o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1 ___
O
B ir m in g h a m , A la . , A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idah o, J u ly 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________

1 4 3 0 -7 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
20
20
30

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

M ilw a u k ee, W is . , A p r . 1966------------------------------------------M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1 9 6 6 ______________
M u sk egon —M u sk e g o n H eig h ts, M ich . , M ay 1965______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J. , F e b . 1966 1 __________
N ew H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 1966 1 ------------------------------------N ew O r le a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 __________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1965 1 __________________________
N o r fo lk —P o r ts m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
H am pton, V a . , June 1965 1 ____________________________
O klah om a C ity , O kla. , A u g. 1 9 6 5 ______________________

1 4 6 5 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 0 ,

ce n ts
25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
40 ce n ts

1 4 3 0 -7 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 ,

25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts

B u ffa lo , N. Y . , D e c . 1965________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t. , M a r . 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
C anton, O h i o ,'A p r . 1966 * _______________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1_______________________
C h a r lo tte , N. C . , A p r . 1966 1-----------------------------------------C h a tta n o o ga , T e r m .— a. , Sept. 1 9 6 5 ___________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1------------------------------------------------C in cin n a ti, O hio— y. —
K
Ind. , M a r . 1966 1_______________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1965--------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s, O h io , O ct. 1965----------------------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 _________________________________

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

O m aha, N e b r . —
Iow a, O ct. 1965 1 ______________________
P a te r son— lifton r-P a s s a ic , N. J. , M ay 1 9 6 5 __________
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J. , N ov. 1965 1 __________________
P h o e n ix , A r iz . , M a r . 1966 1 -----------------------------------------P itts b u rg h , P a . , Jan. 1966--------------------------------------------P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1965 1 ___________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g . —W ash . , M ay 1965-------------------------------P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et—W a rw ick , R. I . —M a s s . ,

1 4 6 5 -1 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 3 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 0 ,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d— o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
O ct. 1965---------------------------------------------------------------------------D a yton , O h io , Jan. 1 9 6 6 1________________________________
D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 1 --------------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1966 1__________________________
D e tr o it, M i c h ., Jan. 1 9 6 6 _______________________________
F o r t W orth , T e x . , N ov. 1965____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W is . , A u g. 1965-------------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S. C . , M ay 1965______________________________
H o u ston , T e x . , June 1965________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D e c . 1965 1__________________________

1 4 6 5 -6 5 ,
R a le ig h , N. C . , S ep t. 1965 1 _____________________________ 1 4 6 5 -1 0 ,
R ich m o n d , V a . , N ov . 1965 1 ------------------------------------------ 1 4 6 5 -2 8 ,
R o c k fo r d , 111., M ay 1966 1 ______________________________ 1 4 6 5 -6 6 ,

25
25
30
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -1 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 1 ,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
20
25
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1_____________________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 4 , 25 ce n ts
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ___________________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 1 , 20 ce n ts
K a n sa s C ity , M o .— a n s. , N ov. 1965 1 _________________ 1 4 6 5 -2 7 , 30 ce n ts
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1965________ 1 4 3 0 -7 5 , 20 ce n ts
H
N
L ittle R o ck — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , A u g. 1965______ 1 4 6 5 -6 ,
N
20 ce n ts
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1966 1 ___________________ 1 4 6 5 -5 9 , 30 ce n ts
L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1966________________________ 1 4 6 5 -5 1 , 20 ce n ts
L u b b o ck , T e x . , June 1 9 6 5 _______________________________ 1 4 3 0 -7 3 , 20 ce n ts
M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , A u g. 1965___________________________ 1 4 6 5 -2 ,
20 ce n ts
M e m p h is , T en n . — r k . , Jan. 1966 1_____________________ 1 4 6 5 -4 2 , 30 ce n ts
A
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1965 *------------------------------------------------- 1 4 6 5 -3 0 , 25 ce n ts
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x --------------------------------------------------- (Not previously surveyed)
1
*

D a ta on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su pp lem en tary w age provision s are also p resen ted.
B u lletin s d a te d before Ju ly 1965 w ere e n title d "O c c u p a tio n a l W age S u rv e y s."




20

1 4 6 5 -2 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 1 ,

25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

San D ie g o , C a l i f . , N ov. 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
San F r a n c is c o — akland, C a l i f . , Jan. 1966 1 __________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , Sept. 1965 1----------------------------------------Savannah, G a. , M ay 1966 1---------------------------------------------S cra n ton , P a . , A u g. 1 9 6 5 * _____________________________
S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a s h ., O ct. 1965 1 ___________________

1 4 6 5 -2 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 ,
1 4 6 5 -9 ,

30 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
30 ce n ts

Siou x F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1965 1---------------------------------South B en d, I n d ., M a r. 1966 1 __________________________
S pokan e, W a s h ., June 1965 1 -----------------------------------------T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b . 1966________________________
M
T r e n to n , N. J. , D e c . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
W ash ington, D. C . —M d. — a . , O ct. 1 9 6 5 ---------------------V
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r . 19 6 6 1 ________________________
W a te r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
W ich ita , K a n s. , O ct. 1965______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1 9 6 5 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1966 1 ---------------------------------------------------Y ou n gstow n —W a rre n , O hio, N ov. 1965 1 ----------------------

1 4 6 5 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 5 ,

25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
2 0 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts
25 ce n ts

St. L o u is , M o . —
111., O ct. 1965_________________________
Salt L ake C ity , Utah, D e c . 1 9 6 5 _______________________
San A n ton io, T e x . , June 1965 *-------------------------------------San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r sid e — n ta rio , C a lif. ,
O





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102