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I

A rea Wage S urvey
The Toledo, Ohio—
Michigan, Metropolitan Area
Febru ary 1966

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 6 5 - 4 9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Toledo, Ohio—Michigan, M etropolitan Area




February 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-49
April 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Wiilard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For s a le b y th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e , W a s h in g t o n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - P rice 2 0 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m of annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e d a t a on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s .
It
y ie ld s d etaile d d ata by se le c te d in d u stry d iv isio n s for each
o f the a r e a s stu d ie d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , an d fo r the
U n ited S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l , a n d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l of w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u stry d iv isio n s.

I n t r o d u c t i o n ________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T ab les:
1.
2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lt s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f th e i n d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t i n s f o r a ro u n d
of s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s
stu d ie d into one b u lle tin .
The second p art p re se n ts in fo r­
m a tio n w h ich h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o l i t a n a r e a d a t a to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s a n d the
U n ited S t a t e s .

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ---------------------------------------------------------------------------In d e x e s of s ta n d a r d w eek ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly
e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s, and p e r c e n ts of
c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -------------------------------------------------------O ccu p atio n al e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n a n d w o m e n ---------------------------------A - 2.
P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ical o c cu p atio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------A -3.
O ffice, p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ----------------------------------------------A -4.
M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s ___________________
A - 5. C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A p p en d ix.

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c te d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a .
I n fo r m a tio n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v isio n s is ob tain ed b ie n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , i n F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 6 . T h e S t a n d a r d M e t ­
r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f the
B u d g e t th r o u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s i s t s o f L u c a s a n d W ood
C o u n t i e s , O h io; an d M o n r o e C o u n ty , M ic h . T h i s stu d y w a s
c o n d u c te d b y the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f fic e in C le v e la n d ,
O h i o , J o h n W. L e h m a n , D i r e c t o r ; b y A l f r e d V e i t , u n d e r
the d ir e c t io n of E d w a r d C h a ik e n .
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r the
g e n e r a l d ire c tio n of E llio tt A. B r o w a r , A s s is t a n t R e gio n al
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s.




1
3

areas.

*N O T E :
S im ila r tab u latio n s a r e
(See in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)

a v ailab le

for

oth er

U n io n s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e of p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s in
the
T o led o a r e a ,
a re a lso av ailab le
fo r b u ild in g c o n ­
stru c tio n , p rin tin g , lo c a l- t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s , and
m o to rtru c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e rs.

H
i

2

3

4
6
7
8
9
11




G eograph ic C o verage
T h e T o le d o S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a w as d e fin e d in 1961 as L u c as C o u n ty , O h io. T h e
a r e a , as d e fin e d th rou gh M arch 1 9 6 5 , in c lu d e s th e a d d itio n o f W ood C o u n ty , O h io, an d M o n roe C ou n ty,
M ic h ig a n .
T h is su rv e y , c o n d u c te d in
F e b ru a ry 1 9 6 6 , is th e first to in c lu d e th e a d d e d c o u n tie s.
A b o u t 58 e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g o v e r 1 5 ,0 0 0 w ork ers w ere in sc o p e o f th e su rv e y in th e a d d e d
c o u n tie s .
A lm o s t 9 0 p e r c e n t o f th e se w ork ers w ere e m p lo y e d b y m a n u fa c tu r in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
G e n e r a lly , e a rn in g s in m a n u fa c tu r in g in b o th L u c a s C ou n ty an d th e a d d e d c o u n tie s w e re h e a v ily
in flu e n c e d b y th e s a m e ty p e s o f in d u strie s w ith o n ly m in o r d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s.
The
A - s e r ie s t a b le s in th is b u lle tin p ro v id e w a g e in fo r m a tio n for th e e n tire t h r e e - c o u n ty a r e a , w h ile
th e w a g e tren d s p r e se n te d in t a b le 2 r e la t e o n ly to L u c a s C o u n ty .
Future su rv e y b u lle tin s w ill
p ro v id e e a r n in g s, w a g e tre n d , an d su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r a c t ic e e s tim a te s for th e a r e a as
d e fin e d
th rou gh M a rc h 1 9 6 5 .

Area Wage Survey--The Toledo, Ohio—Mich., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 of 85 in w h ic h the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s con du cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .

O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sc h e d u le
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b on u s es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b on u s es and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e in c lu d e d .
W h e r e w e e k l y h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u le s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e paid ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e oc c u p a tio n s h a ve
b e e n rou n de d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n ob ta in ed l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in the l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
oc c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and to th o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r t i n g unusual c han ges
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e s p re s e n te d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s tim a te s .
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g and,
thus, c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e ach job.
T h e p ay
r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y
the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n ta i n e d a m o n g j o b s in i n d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n
and w o m e n in any of the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s should not be a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n trib u t e to d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n
w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the ac tu a l r a t e s paid i n ­
cu m be n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d ,
alth ough the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e
s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th os e used in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d uties p e r f o r m e d .

In e a c h a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M ajor
i n d u s t r y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stud ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tions and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E stablishm en ts
h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n s stu died
to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n . S e p a r a t e tab u la tion s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of the
broad industry d ivisio n s which m e e t publication c r it e r ia .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c on du cted on a s a m p l e b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is stu die d. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll establish m en ts a r e given th eir a p p ro p ria te w eight.
Es­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e stu died.
O c c u p a tio n s

O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in all
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the sc op e o f the stud y and not the n u m b e r a c tu a l l y
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a ti o n a l s t r u c t u r e am on g e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta ined f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ied s e r v e o n ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e of the j o b s stu died.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y of the e a r n in g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

T h e oc c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
of m a n u f a c tu r i n g and n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
f o l l o w i n g t y p e s : (1 ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3 ) m a i n te n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4 ) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a ti o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta ke ac c ou n t of i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w i th i n the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap p end ix .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e of
the oc c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.




Establishm en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
b u lle tin .
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
this a r e a .
T h e s e tab u la tion s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r
i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c hed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and health, i n s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s i o n p la n s ; a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s
b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s t a b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in T o le d o , O h io — ic h ., 1
M
b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d iv is io n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1966

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s t r y d iv is io n

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g _________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _________________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 _____________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ______________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6_______
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ___________________ ________ ________

_

N u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y ^

S tu d ied

S tu d ied
Num ber

P ercen t

368

136

103, 500

100

73, 130

50

182
186

69
67

6 9 ,8 0 0
33, 700

67
33

53, 690
19, 440

50
50
50
50
50

38
29
71
18
30

21

10,100

10

8, 350

2,
14,
2,
3,

3
14
3
3

970
7, 230
1, 240
1, 650

_

9

20
5

12

900
800
500
400

1

T h e T o le d o S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th ro u g h M a r c h 1965, c o n s is t s o f L u c a s and W o o d
C o u n tie s , O h io ; and M o n r o e C o u n ty , M ic h .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s sh o w n in th is t a b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n
o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n
w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t
d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f th e S ta n d a rd I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l and th e 1963 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d in c la s s i f y i n g e s t a b lis h m e n ts
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
In c lu d e s a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u tle ts (w it h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s t r ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o tio n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t .
In c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w it h in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a ll to p r o v id e e n o u g h data
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r sh o p s ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

2
3

4
5
6
7

O v e r t w o - t h ir d s o f th e e m p lo y e e s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e T o le d o a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y
g r o u p s and s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u s tr y g r o u p
T r a n s p o r t a t io n e q u ip m e n t ______ 28
S to n e , c la y , and g la s s
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ 18
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s _____
9
M a c h in e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) __ 9
P r i m a r y m e t a l s ___________________ 7
F o o d p r o d u c t s ______________________ 6
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s __________ 5

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s
M o t o r v e h i c l e s and e q u ip m e n t .. 26
F l a t g l a s s ___________________________ 9
G la s s and g la s s w a r e ,
p r e s s e d o r b lo w n ________________
7
M e t a l s t a m p in g s ___________________ 4
N o n fe r r o u s f o u n d r i e s ____________ 4

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s t r y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y as sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of change in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d pla nt w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s of chan ge r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l hours
of w o r k , that i s , the s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e paid .
F o r pla nt w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e chan ge s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and i n ­
clude m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h group .
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n ):

Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ):

B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e operators, class B
C lerks, a cco u n tin g , classes A and B
C lerks, f i l e , classes A , B, and C

Nurses, industrial (r e g is te r e d )
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n ):
C arpenters
E le c tric ia n s

C lerk s, ord er
C le ik s , p a y r o ll
C o m p to m e te r operators

M achinists
M ech a n ics

K eyp u n ch operators, classes A and B

M ech a n ics (a u to m o tiv e )

O ffic e boys and girls

Painters

S ecreta ries

P ip e fitte rs

Stenographers, g e n e ra l
Stenographers, senior
S w itch b oa rd operators, classes A and B

T o o l and d ie m akers
U n s k ille d p la n t (m e n ):

T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e operators, class B

Janitors, porters, and clean ers

T y p ists, classes A and B

Laborers, m a te r ia l h a n d lin g

A v e r a g e w eek ly
c o m p u te d f o r e ach of the
o r h o u rly earn in gs w e r e
the j o b s d u rin g the p e r i o d

s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly earn in gs w e r e
s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s .
The a v e ra g e s a la r ie s
then m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h of
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
T a b le 2.

f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then t o t a l e d to ob ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e ach o c c u p a t i o n a l group . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the ot h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u te d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c han ge f r o m the one p e r i o d to the o t h e r.
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u te d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r each g ro u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s of c han ge m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r ot h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e jo b ;
and (3 ) ch an ge s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n ge s in the l a b o r f o r c e can c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s wit h ou t ac tu a l w a g e c han ges.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n of l o w e r
p aid w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a ti o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n of l o w e r p aid w o r k e r s w o u ld h a ve the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t of a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out of an a r e a could c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d ro p , e v e n
though no c han ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
Data a r e ad ju s te d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s of c han ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y chan ges in
s c o p e of the s u r v e y .
T h e use of c on stan t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f ch an ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data. T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of change r e f l e c t o n ly chan ges in
a v e ra g e pay f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
fo r ov e rtim e .

In dexes o f standard w e e k ly salaries and s tr a ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings for s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l groups in T o le d o , O h io,
February 1966 and February 1965 and percents o f ch an ge * fo r s e le c te d periods
Indexes
(M a rch 1961=100)

Percents o f ch an ge 1
February 1965

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group
February 1966

February 1965

February 1964

February 1963

to

to
February 1965

to
February 1964

February 1966

M a rch 1962
to
February 1963

M a rch 1961
to
M a rch 1962

A l l industries:
O f f ic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n ) --------

111. 2

Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) ------

117. 3

1 0 7 .6

3 .3

1 .4

111.2

5. 5

2. 8
1. 2

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------

112. 5

108.3

3. 9

U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) --------------------------

111. 8

106. 9

4. 6

1. 8

1 .9

2 .3

1. 4
2. 3

4. 5

2. 0

2. 3
2. 7

2. 2

2—. 3

2. 2

2. 3

M an u factu rin g:




O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n ) --------

110. 6

1 0 7 .4

3. 0

1 .4

2. 2

1. 6

Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) ------

1 1 5 .0

109. 5

5. 0

2 .3

.5

4. 4

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( m e n ) -----------------

111. 9

112. 2

1 0 7 .6
1 0 8 .8

4 .0

1. 1

U n s k ille d p lan t ( m e n ) --------------------------

3. 1

.4

2 .4
2 .4

3 .5

*

A i l changes are increases unless o th erw ise in d ic a te d .

2

This d ecrease la r g e ly r e fle c ts changes in e m p lo y m e n t b e tw e e n h ig h - and lo w - w a g e establishm ents rather than w a g e d ecreases.

2.0

2. 0
2. 0
1 .9

2. 2

4

A. Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e ra g e

s t r a ig h t -t im e
b y

w e e k ly

h o u rs

in d u s try

and

e a rn in g s

d iv is io n ,

T o le d o ,

fo r

s e le c te d

o c c u p a t io n s

O h io — M i c h . ,

Weekly earnings1
( standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

fstandard)

$
45

M
edian 2

s tu d ie d o n

an

a re a

b a s is

1966)

Number of w orkers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
Mean2

F e b ru a ry

M
iddle range 2

s

»
50

55

t
60

t
65

t

S
70

75

*

t
80

85

T
90

*
95

100

$
$
105
110

$

$
115

1

*
120

125

i

i
130

135

I
140

and
under
50

145
and

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

20
20

140

19
16

145 over

MEN
102
94

40.0
40 .0
39.5
39.5
Art rt
u* c

58
52

/ \

$
$
$
128.00 129.00 1 2 0 . 0 0 128.00 129.50 1 1 9 . 0 0 -

137.50
139.00

97.00
90.50

92.50
99.00

8 0 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

art •u
rtf

87.50

8 5 . 5 0 - 90.00

74

69.50

39.5

70150

53
46

39.5

37

40. ^

79.50

67.50
68.50
65.00

40.0

71.50

39.^

91.50

40. C

79.50

77.50

7 1 . 5 0 - 92.00

66

40.0

70.OU

77.50

7 3 . 0 0 - 8 5 . 5f

154
90
64

39.5
39.5

lr0
110

39 **
39.5
39.5

2

1

6 1 .0 0 - 75.00
6 2 . 5 0 - 74.50
5 9 .5 0 - 77.50

15

13
10

12
8

8

11

3

2

1

10
10

1

2

2
3

2

*

9

11
11

2

0 9 . 5C

136

1

9
9

17
13

16
16

*

_

6 j .OO

43

1
1

5

1

7t.OO

25

TAEUL ATING-MACPINE OPERATORS,
CLASS Q

39,5

3

CL ERK S* ORDER

119.00
118.50

33

5
9

1
1

1

2
2

112.00 114.50 1 1 0 .0 0 111.50 114.50 1 0 8 . 0 0 -

3
3

1
1

6

15
14

5

3

2

1
1

2

2
2

114.50 113.00 106 .00 -1 24 .50
112.50 112.00 1C5.00-120.50

1

3

1
1

3

WOMEN
BILLERS,

MACHINE

BILL ER S» MACHINE

(BILLING
6

(BOOKKEEPING

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLAS j A
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------

CL l RK S t ACCOUNTIN Gr CLASS A

99.00
97.00
105.50 102.00
93.50
90.00
79 *"0
8 3 . 5C
74.00

78 00
81.50

2

39.5

36
216

40.0

1J
r®

1 76

See footn otes at end o f tab le.




-

8
8

j j

. jL

2

9

6

13

20

36

4

2

i

9
0

10

i"?
2

?
:
3

2

*

2

i

14
10

19
26

22
21

8

8

7 1 . 5 0 - 93.50

5 2 . 5 0 - 5 9 . 0G

2

8

9

7 - " J“

55.00

i

*

2

91.001C7.5G
93.5C-114.0U
8 6 . 0 0 - 98.00

7
2

w
12

2

'9 0
40.0
40 .0

6

2

1

15

9

86
C
75.00

80 0C
72.00

7 3 .5 0 - 98.50
6 7 . 5 0 - 84.50

87.00

82.00

7 1 .5 0 - 98.50
7 1 . 5 J -1 0 4 .0 o

78*50

7 7* '0

*

2

12

17

16

*

5

11

2

*
1

-

-

-

1

-

-

2

1

1

2
9

30
18

11

17
10

11
11

2

2

5

_

3

2

2

9

3

i
33
8

2

2

1
20

8
1

21
24

15
8

3

r
9

.

O'*

18
10

8

2

2
6

4^
29

8

27
23

18
14

20
17

8

22
15

31

19
14

13

14

13
8

Q

23
22

_

3
9
9

3

2

9

1

9
2

8

1

-

-

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by indu stry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b ru a ry 1966)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
h
ours*
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry div ision

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a rn i ng s of—
$
45

Mean2 Median 2
3

Middle range 2

50

s

s

$

$

55

60

$

~ i

65

70

*
75

5
80

*
85

*
90

r
95

$
100

i
105

i
no

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

i
135

t
140

and
under

145
and

50

55

6C

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

9
2
7

17

9
7
2

6
5
1

6
6

15
15

1
1

l
i

-

17

29
16
13

5
5

“

6
6

5

“

-

-

4
4

5
5

9
9

6
6

16
16

17
9

19
19

9
9

10
10

3
3

16
14
2

10
8
2

u

6
1
5

2

10
1

130

135

140

145

ov er

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

35
28
7
6

26
26

8
8

22
22

125

WOMEN - CONTINUED
COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

40. a
39.5
4 0.0

80 .50
89.50
70 .50

$
78.00
90 .0 0
72.50

7 2 . 5 0 - 92.0 0
7 9 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
6 6 . 5 0 - 76.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR St CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

39.5
39.5

91 .5 0
91.50

93.00
93.00

8 5 . 0 0 - 99.50
8 4 . U d- 1 00 . GG

-

183
111
72

39.5
40.0
39.0

80 .50
82 .50
77.50

78.50
82.50
74.00

7 1 . 0 0 - 9 0 . 5C
7 3 .0 0 - 93.00
6 9 .0 0 - 83.00

-

OFFICE G I R L S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

47
37

39.5
39.5

68 .50
65.50

67.00
64.50

6 1 .0 0 - 76.50
6 0 .0 0 - 69.00

-

697
560
137
4C

3 9 . 5 1 0 7. 0 0
4 0 . u 1 09 . 5 0
39.0
97.00
4U.C 1 0 2 . 5 0

104.50
1 07 . 5 0
95.50
98.50

9 2 . 5 C 20.00
—1
5 4 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
82 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 — 27.50
1

-

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

523
417
1C6
44

87 .5 0
40 .0
40.0
87 .5 0
40. C 8 8 .0 0
4 0.0 108.00

8 8 . UO 7 5 . 0U- 9 6 . 5 0
88.00
8 1 .0 0 - 95.00
87.00
69.0 0-1 C 6.5 0
109.50 1C2.CC-115.00

-

STENOGRAPHERS. S E N IO R ----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

353
319
34

40.0
4 0.0
40. 0

10 2 . 50 10 3 . 5 0
1 0 3. 0 0 1 0 3 . 0 0
1 0 1 . 0 0 1 09 . 0 0

5 4 .0 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
54 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

39.5
40.0

100.50
102.00

1 01 . 5 0
99.50

9 2 . 5 0 - 1 1 1 . 0U
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0

_

SWITCHBOARD

39.5
3 9. 5
39 .0

80.00
97 .0 0
69.50

8 2.50
9 7 .5 0
66.50

6 4 .0 0 - 99.50
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
6 0 . 5 0 - 7 9 . CO

4 0.0
4 0.0
4 0.0

72.00
72.50
70.50

70.00
7 3 . 50
68.50

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------

39.5

94.50

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------

4C.0

82.50

CLASS

B

-----

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

183
110
73

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL----------------------------------------------

4
4
“

SECRE TARIES----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

OPERATORS,

"

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS. CLASS B -----------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------

5

-

-

-

~

_

_

_

4
4

9
5
4

23
1C
13

34
15
IS

25
16
9

22
12
10

15
14
1

10
10

10
10

11
11

1
1

12
3

1

2
2

1
1
1

1
1
1

6
4
2
“

24
20
4
3

21
21
“

41
28
13
4

34
22
12
4

93
79
14
4

57
43
14
5

83
73
10
-

29
25
4
2

52
42
10
2

85
72
13
1

58
55
3
-

21
13
8
7

It
10
-

27
17
It

37
16
21

30
20
10

33
27
6

85
82
3

66
58
8
i

88
84
4
2

51
47
4
4

38
26
12
12

17
10
7
4

21
10
11
11

13
7
6
6

5
1
4
4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39
36
3

45
41
4

55
55
“

55
53
2

49
44
5

21
19
2

23
14
9

1
1
-

2
2
-

_

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

5
1

4
-

2
2

2
2

_

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

3
~
3

3
3
“

2
2
“

6
6
~

14
12
2

29
25
4

2

2
2

2

3
3

“

2
2

7
7

6
5

-

-

_

-

-

“

6
6

_
-

4
4

9
9

6 5 .0 0 - 79.50
6 6 . CO- 7 9 . 5 0
63 .0 0 - 79.50

_
-

2
2
”

18
11
7

9 3.0 0

5 0 . 0 0 - 1 0 5 . CO

-

-

83.00

8C .5 0- 89.00

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

i
i

6

5

2

-

-

-

6

5

2

5
1
4

5
5
~

6
6
“

4
4
“

15
10
5

27
9
18

47
30
17

ii
5
6

38
30
8

10
9
i

13
3
10

9
6
3

3
1
2

4
3
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

3

6

2

18

-

5

6

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

4

i

13

2

3

2

7
3

13
7

4
4

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

4 0.0

69 .0 0

6 8 .5 0

5 4 . 0 0 - 8 1 . CO

-

12

4

-

5

4

4

1

5

-

3

T YP IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

271
251

40.0
4 0.0

8 7 . 5C
86.50

8 6 . UO
86.00

7 6 . 5 0 - 96.50
7 6 . U0- 9 5 . CO

-

-

-

-

“

“

13
13

45
43

37
34

26
26

62
62

16
11

18
18

28
28

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------- -----------

285
140
145

3 9 .5
3 9. 5
39. U
39.5

7 0 . 5C
72.50
68 .5 0
62.50

68.50
6 9. 50
67.50
8 4. GO

62.0063.506 0 . CO74.50-

_
-

37
12
25
1

58
32
26
4

53
31
22

44
14
3C
4

22
20
2
1

20
10
10
9

11
9
2
2

20
6
14
10

6
3
3
3

2
2

7 7. 5 0
79.00
74.00
92.50

11
11

-

_
-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hour s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w hi c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e thei r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s and the ea rn in gs c o r r e s p o n d to t h es e w e e k l y hours.
2 T h e m e a n is comput ed f o r each j ob by total ing the e a rn i ng s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n umb er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d i an d es ig n a t es p o si t i on — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a te shown; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a t e shown. T h e m i d d l e ra ng e i s de fi ne d by 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo ur th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the l o w e r o f t hese r a t e s and a fo ur th e a r n m o r e than
the h i gh er r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c om mu ni c at i on , and o t he r public u t i l i t i e s.




6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v erage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea bas
by industry division, Toledo, "Ohio—Mich. , F eb ru ary 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly

Num ber of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—

( standard)

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

132
123

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

4 0 .0
40.0

228
193

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTERED)
MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145

150

155

160

165

170

180

190

200

ICC

10 5

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

165

170

18C

190

2UC

21C

$
$
$
$
169.50 162.00 1 4 6 .C O -2 0 5 .50
206.00
170.50 162.50 1 4 6 .0 0 131.50 1 2 0 .0 0 144.50
133.00 1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

105.00
165.00

40 .0
40.0

ICO

Under
$
and
90
under

M ean2

134.00
135.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------

95

95

Sex, occupation, and industry division

90

1C2.50
1 0 2 .CO

114.50
114.00

1 1 C . 00

1 1 0 .0 0

18
18

9 7 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

1 0 3 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

Standard hours reflect the w orkw eek fo r which employees receive their re gu lar straight-tim e sa la rie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical O ccupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a r e a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio— ic h . , F e b r u a r y 1966)
M

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (B IL L I N G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------

49
33

40 • 0
40.0

$
90.00
94 . 5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------------------

29

4 0 .0

71 . 5 0

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

Occupation and industry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

98
90

39.5
39.5

$
91 .5 0
9 1. 5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

184
112
72

39.5
40.0
39.u

8 0. 5 0
8 3. 0 0
7 7. 5 0
69.00
6 7. 5 0
72 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

50
28

39 .5
3 9 .0

93 . 0 0
90 . 5 0

OFFICE BOYS ANO GIRLS---------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

121
78
43

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9.5

BOOKKEEPINC-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------- ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

136
70
66

40.0
40. J
4u. J

79. 50
8 0 . 5C
78.0 0

SECR ETAR I E S --------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------

700
560
14C
41

39.5 1 07 .0 0
4 0 . 0 109.5 0
9 7. 0 0
3 9 .0
4 0 . O 1 0 3. 0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

256
1 8A
72

39.5
39. 5
39.5

110.50
117.0 0
9 3 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------

526
417
10 9
47

4 0 .0
40.0
40. j
40.0

87 .5 0
87 .5 0
88. 50
108. 50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

300
186
114

39.5
39 .5
39. 5

8 1 .5 0
86 . 0 0
74 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R --------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

354
320
34

40.0
40.0
40.0

102.50
103. 00
101.00

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------

69

45

39. 5
39.5

6 8 .5 0
62 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING------------------------------

39
26

39.5
40.0

100. 50
102.00

CLERKS,

29

39. 5

5 5 . 5C
SWITCHECARC OPERATORS, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

68
27
41

3 9.5
39.5
3 9.0

8 0. 0 0
9 7. 0 0
6 9. 5 0

SWITCH80AR0 OPERATOR-RECEPTIONI ST
MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------NCNMANUF AC T U R I N G ------------------------

183
110
73

40.0
40.0
40.0

72 .0 0
72 .5 0
7 0. 5 0

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

97
69
28

3 9.5
39.5
4 0.0

CLASS C -----------------------

149
1C3
46

40.0
4 0 .0

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

CLERKS, P A Y R O L L ---------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

274
192
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 7 . UU
81 . 0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

11C
59
51

40 . J
39 .5
40.0

80 .5 0
89 . 5 0
70 .5 0

CLERKS, OR O E R -------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

4 0 .u

39.5

8 4 .5 0
87 . 5 0
77. 00

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

41

39 .5

$
84 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------

38

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

278
251
27

4 0 . U 88 .0 0
40.0
86 .5 0
3 9 .5 101.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

2 86
140
146
35

39 .5
39.5
3 9 .0
3 9. 5

70.50
72 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

132
123

40.0
40.0

169.50
1 7 0. 50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

229
194

40.0
40.0

134 .0 0
134 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------

14C
97

40.0
4 0 .0

105.00
105.00

ORAFTSMEN-TRACERS -----------------------------------

38

40.0

84. 50

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------

57
55

4 0 .0
40.0

115.00
11 4.50

69 .0 0

PR OF ES SI ON AL ANO TECHNICAL
OC CUPATIONS

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their re gu lar straigh t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUEO

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------

105.50
1 08 .5 0
9 8. 0 0

F IL E ,

Number
of
workers

o
o

Number
of
workers

Average

Average

Average

Occupation and industry di vis ion

8
Table A -4 . Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occu pation s studied on an a re a basis
by in du stry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio— ich . , F e b ru a ry 1966)
M
Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
1.80 1.90
M ean23 Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

$

$

*
*
s
$
$
$
$
. 10 2.2G 2.3C 2.40 2.50 2.6 0 2.7C 2.8 0

2.00 2

2.20

2. 60

O
O
'

$
3.60
3.63

574
514
6C

3.44
3.4u
3.71

3.46
3.44
3.83

3 . I S - 3.69
3 . 1 9 - 3.65
3 . 4 6 - 3.68

_
-

_
-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

111
97

3.34
3.44

3.41
3.44

2 . 7 9 - 3.57
3 . 2 4 - 3.84

_

_

FIREMEN, STATIONARY B O I L E R ---------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

96
78

2.93
2.91

3.08
3.13

2 . 6 0 - 3.39
2 . 5 3 - 3.38

13
13

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES-------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

96
83

2.83
2.86

2.93
2.94

2 . 8 1 - 2.97
2 . 9 1 - 2.98

_

-

-

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOCLROCM
MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

223
223

3.66
3.66

3.69
3.69

245
239

3.49
3.48

3.63
3.63

3 . 1 8 - 3.82
3 . 1 8 - 3.82

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 3---------------------

269
135
134
13U

3.26
3.32
3.21
3.24

3.25
3.28
3.10
3.11

3.033.092.993.01-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE-----------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

620
608

3.30
3.30

3.26
3.25

MILLWRIGHTS----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

380
380

3.35
3.35

O I L E R S --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

87
87

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

2. 50

2 .7 0

3 . 6 3 - 3.79
3 . 6 3 - 3.79

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

2.40

$
$
3 . 3 4 - 3.7C
3 . 3 7 - 3.81

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE-----------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

2.3C

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

13
13
-

-

-

_

_

_

6

_

_

_

3

“

2

3

-

_

-

-

-

14
11

_
-

1
1

-

2
2

_

_

_

2. 80

2.9 0

1

S
2.49
3.54

*
3.50

$
3.60

s
$
3.7C 3.8C

3.6C

$
$
3.9C 4 .0 0

4
3

2

-

4
4

6
i
5

21
19
2

9
9
-

8
7
1

22
16

1
1

i
i

_

3
3

3
3

9
9

6
3

-

_

2
2

3
-

5

2

3.00 3.1 0 3.20 3.3C

3.40

3.5 0

3.60

3.7C

i
i

12
9

6
5

4
-

18
18

1
“

92
92
-

31
31
-

40
36
4

110
108
2

34
34
"

69
66
3

64
63
1

65
33
32

1
1

13
13

8
6

30
30

3
3

_

-

-

"

”

4
~

7
3

8
8

_

17
17

-

4
4

6
6

65
65

1
1

_

over

15
15

4
4

-

-

3.9C 4.CC

-

9
i
8

6
6

12
12

8
8

11
6

-

-

“

“

i
i
_

_

_

_

_

~

“

7
7

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

-

4
4

1C
10

96
96

50
50

45
45

2
2

4
4

_

6
6

1
“

14
14

42
42

6
6

8
8

ii
ii

18
18

29
29

26
26

72
72

5

-

~

_

7
7

-

_
-

8
2
6
6

21
5
16
16

52
18
34
34

9
5
4
4

44
35
9
9

-

32
22
10
10

51
16
35
35

8
8
-

~

18
15
3
3

_
“

3 . 0 4 - 3.65
3 . 0 5 - 3.64

_

_

_

_

51
51

82
82

8
8

56
56

6
6

102
102

42
38

-

-

-

-

56
56

-

4
“

3.38
3.38

3 . 0 9 - 3.59
3 . 0 9 - 3.59

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2.87
2.87

2.96
2.96

2 . 7 6 - 3.C3
2 . 7 6 - 3.03

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

64
58

3.28
3.34

3.36
3.39

3 . 0 6 - 3.62
3 . C 8 - 3.63

_

-

-

_

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE-------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

224
223

3.44
3.44

3.60
3.59

40
35

3.49
3.58

3.59
3.61

3 . 4 1 - 3.69
3 . 5 2 - 3.69

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------

610
610

3.70
3.70

3.78
3.78

3 . 5 8 - 3.89
3 . 5 8 - 3.89

_

~
-

-

18
9
9
9

5
5

14
14

9
9

4
-

77
77

_
*

104
104

13
13

-

_

_

_
-

53
53

9
9

13
13

88
88

21
21

61
61

55
55

33
33

-

-

33
33

~

-

1
1

-

-

2
2

3
3

7
7

_

13
13

2
2

27
27

30
30

_

i
i

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
“

_

-

2

-

-

2

1
“

16
16

5
5

8
7

1
1

2C
2C

-

-

_

-

-

*

*

7
7

12
12

4
4

59
59

_

3
3

59
59

22
21

31
31

-

_

“
~

3 . 2 3 - 3.7C
3 . 2 3 - 3.69

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

_

-

2
2

_

15
15

_

holidays,

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

4
4

and late shifts.

_

-

4
_

-

_

-

3
2
_

_

_

_

-

-

i

36
36

i

_

7
7
12
12

-

_

~

2
2

-

_

-

2
2




$
$
$
3.2 0 3.3 0 3.4 0

and

68
55

1 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends,
2 F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ransportation, communication, and other public utilities.

$
$
3.00 3.1 0

2 . CO 2. 1C

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE---------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

3.53
3.54
3.53
3.53

$
2.9 0

-

3
3

2
2

10
10

8
8

-

10

53
53

22
22

49
49

95
95

60
60

157
157

to

4

4
4

_
~

102
102

31
31

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by indu stry d iv is io n , T o le d o , Ohio—M ich . , F e b ru a ry 1966)
N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly ea ■nings 3

$
1.3 0

$
$
s
$
$
*
%
1 .4 0 1.50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 i . ec 1. SC 2 .0 0

1.3C

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1.4 0

1.5C

1.6 0

76

$
1.20
Mean3

Median3

s
$
2. 10 2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

s

2 .4 0

*
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

*
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
$
2 . SC 3.0 0

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
t
3.4 0 3.6C

1.9C 2 . CO 2 .1 0 2. 20 2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .90

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3.6C o v e r

7

9
9

12
12
”

16
16

4
4
“

-

_
-

“

“

Middle range3

and

under
1.7C i . e c

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN--------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

518
304
214

$
2.24
2. 60
1.73

$
2 .4 7
2. 65
1 .5 4

$
$
1 .7 5 - 2.69
2 . 4 7 - 2 .8 2
1 . 3 6 - 1 .94

11
11

4
72

23
23

4
4

4
4

24
24

26
13
13

26
26

4
3

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

2 .6 7

2 .6 2 - 2.84

-

-

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

7

23
23
~

9
“

12
8
4

22
21
1

7
~

134
120
14

18
12
6

51
51

6

9

8

4

6

111)

12

51

-

12

16

4

-

-

12
12
"

2
2
2

~

-

“

_
~

_

_

_

9

251

2. 6 6

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

53

2. 2 9

2.41

2.13-

2.4 9

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

17

-

-

17

i

10

JANITCRS, PORTERS, ANO CL EA N ER S ----MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------

1,332
982
350
52

2.24
2.42
1.75
2. 49

2.29
2. 5 6
1.76
2. 54

1 . 8 8 - 2 .6 8
2 . 1 5 - 2.7 2
1 . 3 3 - 1.97
2 . 4 3 - 2.6C

83
83

19
19
~

21
21
~

6
6
~

40
16
24
~

61
23
38
~

128
77
51
2

96
65
31
1

30
23
7
~

94
85
9
~

97
81
16
8

32
29
3
1

43
37
6
4

117
93
24
24

177
167
IP
10

239
239
~
~

35
35
~

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMENI ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

34C
108

1.79
2. 07

1.67
2. 1 4

1 . 6 1 - 1.85
1 . 7 0 - 2 .5 4

14

3
-

13
13

34
13

15 £
1

31
12

6
i

4
4

11
5

13
13

6
6

4
4

3
3

18
16

20
15

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAN DLING-----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4-----------------------

1,1 57
829
328
221

2.66
2. 5 4
2. 96
3. 2 3

2. 6 7
2.6 2
3. 2 8
3 .3 3

2 .4 1 - 2.97
2 . 2 7 - 2 .8 2
2 . 6 3 - 3.35
3 . 2 7 - 3.37

-

*

-

1C
6
4

20
13
7
*

32
28
4

i
i

31
19
12

87
83
4

79

69
10
1

10
6
4
-

68
68
-

110
92
ie
18

167
121
46
15

105
99
6

61
57
4

116
100
16
-

55
53
2

1
1

~

12
s
3
1

186
186
186

ORCER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------

321
222
S9

2. 7 2
2. 84
2.47

2. 70
2.6 9
2.7 2

2 . 6 1 - 2 .93
2 . 6 3 - 2 .9 6
2.C9- 2.e2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

12
12

4
4

13
9
4

8
8

5
1
4

8
8
"

94
94
-

24
24

33
12
21

72
66
6

-

-

-

13
6
7

_
-

-

7
7

2
2

-

26
5 26
-

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G -----------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

342
321

2. 68
2.71

2 .6 8
2 .6 9

2 . 6 2 - 2 .9 2
2 .6 3 - 2.93

-

-

_

_

_

13
13

4
4

9
9

137
137

27
27

23
20

56
56

32
32

-

6
6

_

-

22
14

_

-

8
-

-

-

3
3

_

-

2
~

_

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOME N)---------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

48
45

2.24
2.29

2.0 4
2 .06

1.851.86-

2 .67
2 .68

-

~

-

3

~

-

_

8
8

_

_

-

_
“

_

-

_

-

_

-

11

”

~

6
6

_

”

2
2

RECEIVING C L E R K S -------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

lie
77
39

2. 68
2.78
2. 48

2.7C
2.7 4
2 .5 3

2 . 5 D - 2 .99
2 . 6 3 - 3.03
2 . 1 3 - 2 .9 4

-

_

-

-

_

2

9
8
i

_

9
5
4

21
18

-

16
7
5

17
15
2

3
3

3

14
14
“

-

-

5
2
3

4
2
2

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------------

12C
106

2. 85
2.89

2 .8 6
2 .9 2

2 . 6 5 - 3 .09
2 . 6 7 - 3.12

4
i

3
3

8
4

3
3

24
24

10
3

14
14

8
8

19
19

8
£

19
19

-

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING C L E R K S -------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

109
97

2.72
2.72

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2.422.43-

_

4

23
23

11
8

_

3
3

4
4

17
13

18
ie

1

_

_

TRUCKDRIVERS 6 ------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S -----------------------

1,212
491
721
529

3.06
2.9 7
3.12
3.22

3.1 5
3 .1 2
3 .1 7
3.2L

2 . 8 7 - 3.32
2 . 6 7 - 3 .18
3 . 0 4 - 3.43
3 . 1 4 - 3.45

37
25
12

9
5
4

8
5

140
1C6
34
25

46
24
22
1

57
13
44
i

51
14
37
17

26
12
24
“

435
185
250
2 3C

108
87
21

TRUCKCR IVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

91
38
53

2.65
2. 42
2.81

2 .6 4
2.3 7
2 .9 8

2 . 3 4 - 3 .07
2 . 3 3 - 2.45
2 . 6 9 - 3 .1 4

9
5
4

_
-

_
-

“

“

16
16

3
3

20
20

TRLCKCR IVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING - - ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

234
96
136
38

2.93
3. t 9
2.8u
2.86

2 .9 4
3 .2 6
2 .8 5
2. 7 0

2 . 6 9 - 3.26
2 . 9 9 - 3 .35
2 . 6 5 - 2 .96
2 . 6 5 - 2 .9 9

30
1
29
20

10
9
i
i

37
37

24
3
21
9

31
1C
21

5
5
-

53
53

'

~

'

See footn otes at end o f tab le.




3.01
3 .0 3

-

-

2

-

€
16

1

3

3

-

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

3

_
-

3
3

3

-

3

7

2
2

-

9
9

-

7

-

2
2
*

-

“

7

3

“

~

~

-

18
18

-

“

-

7

4

2
2
“

23
23

3

7

3

7
-

14
2
12

-

4

-

3

_

5
5
“

-

4
4

3
3
-

11

_
-

3
3

3
2
-

~

“

_
“

3

_

3

-

_

_

260
5
255
255

1
1
~

12
4
8
8

10
10
1
1
-

~
_
-

1

1

-

10
T able A-5. Custodial and M aterial Movement O ccupations--- Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c te d occu p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , T o le d o , Ohio—M ic h . , F e b r u a r y 1966)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings2
S

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv is io n
workers

Mean3

Median5

Middle range3

t

t

t

$

s

$

$

$

$

t

i

$

$

t

$

$

$

(

t

t

1 .2 0

Number

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1.5 0

1.6C

1.7C

1 . SC l. S C

2 .0 G

2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3.0 C

3 .1 C

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

1 .4 0

1.5C

1 .6 0

1 .7 C

i.e c

1 .9 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 1C 3.2C

3.4 C

3 .6 C

over

2

21

11
4

21

7

29
26
3

_
_

2

2
2
-

_

~

11
11
-

241

*

1

-

-

241
241

-

90
75

145
145

6C
60

1

8

8

and

567
63
5C4
472

$
3 .2 2
3 .1 6
3 .2 3
3 .2 6

$
3 .1 9
3 .1 8
3 .2 0
3 .4 0

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L I F T ) -------------MANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------------

828
802

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

2 .6 6

2 .5 2 -

2 . SI

-

-

-

2.66

2 .5 2 -

2 . SI

“

“

“

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------

75

2.68

2 .6 6

2 . 6 2 - 2 .7 0

-

$
3 .1 4 3 .0 5 3 .1 4 3 .1 5 -

$
3 .4 4
3 .2 8
3 .4 5
3 .4 5

1 D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o th e r w is e in d ic a te d .
2 E x c lu d e s p re m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w eek en d s,
3 F o r d e fin itio n o f te r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - 1.
4 T ra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu blic u t ilit ie s .
W orkers

2 .0 C

2 .3 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKCR IVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TCNS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4------------------------

^

*

and
under
1.3C

TRUCKCR IVERS6 -

$

were

distributed

6 In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s




as

fo llo w s:

r e g a r d le s s

21

at

$ 3 .8 0

to

$4;

and

"

“

5 at

$ 4

to

and la te s h ifts .

$ 4 .2 0 .

-

-

“

~

h o lid a y s ,

o f s iz e and typ e o f tru c k o p e ra te d .

-

“

-

“

“
44
44

6
6

-

“
-

7
6

5

-

19
19

3
5

-

-

“

“

57

45
45

263
263

17
14

*

4

49

57

2 50
20
230
230

-

_

3
3

_

_

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r im a ry p u rp ose o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e sc rip tio n s fo r the B u r e a u 's w a g e su rv ey s is to a s s is t its f ie l d
s t a f f in c la s s ify in g in to a p p ro p ria te o c c u p a tio n s w o rk ers w ho are e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie ty o f p a y r o ll t it le s
an d d iffe r e n t w ork a r ra n g e m e n ts fro m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s ta b lis h m e n t an d fro m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m its
the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e r a te s re p re se n tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u se o f th is e m p h a s is on
in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t a n d in te r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a tio n a l c o n te n t, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e sc rip tio n s m a y
d iffe r s ig n ific a n t ly fro m th ose in use in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th ose p r e p a r e d fo r o th e r p u rp o se s.
In
a p p ly in g th ese jo b d e s c rip tio n s, the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m is ts are in stru c te d to e x c lu d e w o rk in g su p e rv iso rs,
a p p r e n tic e s , le a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, t r a in e e s , h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , te m p o r a r y , an d p r o b a tio n a ry w ork ers.

OFFICE

B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

P re p a r e s s ta te m e n t s, b i ll s , an d in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th an
an o rd in ary or e l e c t r o m a t ic ty p e w rite r.
M a y a ls o k e e p re c o r d s a s to
b illin g s o r sh ip p in g c h a rg e s or p e rfo rm o th e r c l e r i c a l w ork in c id e n t a l
to b illin g o p e r a tio n s.
F o r w a g e study p u rp o se s, b ille r s , m a c h in e , are
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s fo llo w s:

O p e ra te s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (R e m in g to n R a n d , E llio t t F ish e r,
Su n d stra n d , B urrou gh s, N a t io n a l C a sh R e g is te r , w ith o r w ith o u t a ty p e ­
w rite r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a re c o r d o f b u sin e ss tra n sa c tio n s.
C la s s A .
K e e p s a se t o f re c o rd s re q u irin g a k n o w le d g e o f an d
e x p e r ie n c e in b a s ic b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , an d f a m i l i a r it y w ith the
stru ctu re o f the p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n tin g sy ste m u s e d . D e te rm in e s p ro p e r
re c o rd s an d d istrib u tio n o f d e b it an d c r e d it ite m s to b e u se d in e a c h
p h ase o f the w ork . M a y p r e p a re c o n s o lid a te d re p o rts, b a la n c e sh e e ts,
an d o th e r re c o rd s b y h an d .

B ille r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ).
U se s a s p e c ia l b i ll i n g m a ­
ch in e (M o o n H o p k in s, E llio t t F ish e r , Burrou gh s, e t c . , w h ich are
c o m b in a tio n ty p in g an d a d d in g m a c h in e s) to p re p a re b ills an d in v o ic e s
fro m c u sto m e rs' p u rc h a se o rd e rs, in te rn a lly p r e p a r e d o rd e rs, sh ip p in g
m em o ran d u m s, e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a t io n o f p r e d e te r m in e d
d isc o u n ts an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s, an d en try o f n e c e ssa ry e x te n s io n s ,
w h ich m a y o r m a y n ot be c o m p u te d on the b illin g m a c h in e , an d
t o ta ls w h ich are a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r ­
a tio n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a la r g e n u m b e r o f c a rb o n c o p ie s o f the b i ll
b e in g p r e p a r e d an d is o fte n done on a fa n fo ld m a c h in e .

C la s s B.
K e e p s a re c o r d o f on e or m o re p h a se s or se c tio n s o f
a s e t o f re c o rd s u s u a lly re q u ir in g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s ic b o o k ­
k e e p in g . P h a se s o r s e c tio n s in c lu d e a c c o u n ts p a y a b l e , p a y r o ll, c u s ­
to m e rs' a c c o u n ts (n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e sc rib e d
u n d e r b i ll e r , m a c h in e ) , c o s t d istrib u tio n , e x p e n se d istrib u tio n , in ­
v e n to ry c o n tr o l, e t c .
M a y c h e c k or a ssist in p r e p a r a tio n o f t r ia l
b a la n c e s an d p r e p a re c o n tro l sh e e ts fo r the a c c o u n tin g d e p a rtm e n t.

B ille r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ).
U se s a b o o k k e e p in g
m a c h in e (S u n d stra n d , E llio t t F ish e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich
m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e ty p e w rite r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a re c u sto m e rs' b i ll s
a s p a r t o f the a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o p e r a tio n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s the
s im u lta n e o u s e n try o f fig u re s on c u sto m e rs' le d g e r re c o r d . T h e m a ­
ch in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u la t e s fig u re s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l
c o lu m n s an d c o m p u te s , an d u s u a lly p rin ts a u t o m a t ic a lly the d e b it or
c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W orks from u n ifo rm an d sta n d ard ty p e s o f s a le s an d c r e d it slip s .




C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n o f a b o o k k e e p e r or a c c o u n ta n t,
h as re s p o n s ib ility fo r k e e p in g one or m o re se c tio n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t
o f b o o k s or re c o rd s r e la tin g to on e p h ase o f a n e s ta b lis h m e n t's b u s i­
n ess tr a n s a c tio n s .
W ork in v o lv e s p o stin g an d b a la n c in g su b sid ia ry

1
1

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C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d
l e d g e r o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le or a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ;
e x a m in in g an d c o d in g in v o ic e s or v o u c h e rs w ith p ro p e r a c c o u n tin g
d istrib u tio n ; an d re q u ir e s ju d g m e n t an d e x p e r ie n c e in m a k in g p ro p e r
a s s ig n a tio n s an d a l l o c a t io n s .
M a y a ssist in p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , an d
c lo s in g jo u rn a l e n tr ie s ; an d m a y d ir e c t c la s s B a c c o u n tin g c le r k s.
C la s s B. U n d e r s u p e r v isio n , p e rfo rm s on e or m o re ro u tin e a c ­
c o u n tin g o p e r a tio n s su ch a s p o stin g s im p le jo u rn a l v o u c h e rs o r a c c o u n ts
p a y a b le v o u c h e rs, e n te r in g v o u c h e rs in v o u c h e r re g is te r s ; r e c o n c ilin g
b an k a c c o u n ts ; an d p o s tin g su b sid ia ry le d g e r s c o n tr o lle d b y g e n e r a l
le d g e r s , or p o stin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g d a ta .
T h is jo b d o e s n ot
re q u ire a k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g an d b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s b u t
is fou n d in o f f ic e s in w h ich the m o re ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g w ork is
s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is a m o n g s e v e r a l w o rk e rs.
C L E R K , FILE
C la s s A .
In an e s ta b lis h e d f il i n g sy ste m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r
o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s , c la s s if ie s an d in d e x e s f ile m a t e r i a l
su ch a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , re p o rts, t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n ts, e t c .
M ay
a ls o f il e th is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p re c o rd s o f v a rio u s ty p e s in c o n ­
ju n c tio n w ith th e f i l e s . M a y l e a d a s m a ll group o f lo w e r l e v e l f ile
c le r k s .
C la s s B .
S o r ts, c o d e s , an d f il e s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r i a l b y sim p le
( s u b je c t m a tt e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a rtly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su b ­
h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x an d c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e a id s .
A s r e q u e ste d , l o c a t e s c le a r l y id e n tif ie d m a t e r i a l in f il e s an d forw ard s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r fo r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta sk s re q u ire d to m a in t a in
an d s e r v ic e f il e s .
C la s s C .
P e rfo rm s ro u tin e f ilin g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a lr e a d y
b e e n c l a s s i f i e d or w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r ia l c l a s s i ­
f ic a t i o n sy ste m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l, or n u m e r ic a l).
A s r e q u e ste d , l o c a t e s r e a d ily a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f il e s an d forw ard s
m a t e r i a l; an d * m a y f i l l o u t w ith d ra w a l c h a r g e .
P e rfo rm s sim p le
c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l ta s k s re q u ire d to m a in t a in an d s e r v ic e f il e s .

CLERK,

O R D E R — C o n tin u e d

to m a k e u p the ord er; c h e c k in g p r ic e s an d q u a n titie s o f ite m s on ord er
sh e e t; an d d istrib u tin g o rd e r sh e e ts to r e s p e c tiv e d e p a rtm e n ts to b e f il l e d .
M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d it d e p a r tm e n t to d e te r m in e c r e d it ra tin g o f c u sto m e r,
a c k n o w le d g e r e c e ip t o f o rd e rs fro m c u sto m e rs, fo llo w up ord ers to see
t h a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f il e o f o rd ers r e c e iv e d , an d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o ic e s w ith o r ig in a l o rd e rs.

C LER K , PA YRO LL
C o m p u te s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p lo y e e s an d e n te rs the n e c e ssa ry
d a ta on the p a y r o ll s h e e ts. D u tie s in v o lv e : C a l c u l a t i n g w ork ers' e a r n in g s
b a s e d on t im e or p r o d u c tio n re c o rd s; an d p o stin g c a l c u l a t e d d a ta on p a y r o ll
s h e e t, sh o w in g in fo r m a tio n su ch a s w o rk e r's n a m e , w o rk in g d a y s, t im e ,
r a t e , d e d u c tio n s fo r in su ra n c e , an d t o ta l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s an d a s s is t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g up an d d istr ib u tin g p a y e n v e lo p e s .
M a y use a c a l c u l a t i n g m a c h in e .
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATO R

m a tic a l
t ic a l or
t o m e te r
o f o th e r

P r im a r y duty is to o p e r a te a C o m p to m e t e r to p e rfo rm m a t h e ­
c o m p u ta tio n s .
T h is jo b is n o t to be c o n fu se d w ith th a t o f s t a t is ­
o th e r ty p e o f c le r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e fre q u e n t use o f a C o m p ­
b u t, in w h ic h , u se o f this m a c h in e is in c id e n t a l to p e r fo r m a n c e
d u tie s .

D U P L IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (M IM EO G R A P H O R D IT T O )
U n d e r g e n e r a l su p e rv isio n an d w ith no su p e rv iso ry r e s p o n s ib ilitie s ,
re p ro d u c e s m u lt ip le c o p ie s o f ty p e w ritte n o r h an d w ritte n m a t t e r , u sin g a
M im e o g r a p h o r D it to m a c h in e .
M a k e s n e c e ssa ry a d ju s tm e n t such as for
ink an d p a p e r f e e d c o u n te r an d c y lin d e r s p e e d .
Is n o t re q u ir e d to p re p a re
s te n c il o r D itto m a s t e r .
M a y k e e p f ile o f u se d s te n c ils or D itto m a ste r s .
M a y so rt, c o l l a t e , an d s ta p le c o m p le t e d m a t e r i a l.

KEYPU N CH O PERA TO R
CLERK,

O RDER

R e c e i v e s c u sto m e rs' o rd ers fo r m a t e r ia l o r m e rc h a n d ise b y m a i l ,
p h o n e , or p e r so n a lly .
D u tie s in v o lv e an y c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g :
Q u o tin g p r ic e s to c u sto m e rs; m a k in g o u t a n o rd e r s h e e t lis t in g the ite m s




C la s s A . O p e ra te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a l p h a b e t i c a l or c o m b in a ­
tio n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to tra n sc rib e d a ta fro m v a rio u s so u rce d o c u ­
m e n ts to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s .
P e rfo rm s sa m e task s as lo w e r
l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a to r b u t, in a d d itio n , w ork re q u ire s a p p lic a t io n

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K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

ST E N O G R A P H E R , SE N IO R

o f c o d in g s k ills an d the m a k in g o f so m e d e te r m in a tio n s , fo r e x a m p l e ,
l o c a t e s on th e so u rce d o c u m e n t the ite m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s
in fo r m a tio n fro m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n ts; an d s e a r c h e s fo r an d in te rp re ts
in fo rm a tio n on the d o c u m e n t to d e te r m in e in fo rm a tio n to b e p u n c h e d .
M a y tra in in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a to rs.

P rim a ry duty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l
o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch as in l e g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n t if ic
re se a r c h fro m one or m ore p e rso n s e ith e r in sh o rth an d o r b y S te n o ty p e
o r s i m i la r m a c h in e ; an d tra n sc rib e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o ty p e fro m w ritte n
copy.
M ay a lso se t u p an d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p re c o r d s, e t c .

C la s s B.
U n d e r c lo s e su p e rv isio n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u re s
or in stru c tio n s, tra n s c rib e s d a ta fro m sou rce d o c u m e n ts to p u n c h e d
card s.
O p e r a te s a n u m e ric a l' a n d /o r a l p h a b e t ic a l or c o m b in a t io n
k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s.
M a y v e r ify c a r d s .
W o rkin g fro m v a r io u s sta n d a rd iz e d sou rce d o c u m e n ts, fo llo w s s p e c if ie d
s e q u e n c e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d or p r e sc r ib e d in d e t a il an d re q u ire
l i t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , or in te rp re tin g o f d a ta to b e p u n c h e d .
P r o b le m s a r isin g fro m e rro n e o u s ite m s or c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a tio n ,
e t c . , are re fe r r e d to su p e rv iso r.

OR

O FFIC E BO Y O R G IR L
P e rfo rm s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s such as ru n n in g e rra n d s, o p e r a tin g
m in o r o f f ic e m a c h in e s such as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , o p e n in g an d d istr ib u tin g
m a i l , an d o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w ork.

P e rfo rm s s te n o g ra p h ic d u tie s re q u irin g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e an d re s p o n s ib ility th an ste n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y
the fo llo w in g : W ork re q u ir e s h ig h d e g r e e o f ste n o g ra p h ic s p e e d an d a c c u ­
r a c y ; an d a thorou gh w o rk in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u sin e ss an d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u re s an d o f the s p e c i f i c b u sin e ss o p e r a tio n s, o r g a n iz a tio n , p o l i c i e s ,
p r o c e d u re s, f i l e s , w o rk flo w , e t c .
U se s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g
ste n o g ra p h ic d u tie s an d re sp o n sib le c l e r i c a l task s such a s , m a in t a in in g
fo llo w u p f il e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r re p o rts, m e m o r a n d u m s , le tt e r s ,
e t c . ; c o m p o sin g sim p le le tt e r s fro m g e n e r a l in stru ctio n s; re a d in g an d
ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; an d an sw e rin g ro u tin e q u e stio n s, e t c .
D o e s n ot
in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w ork .

SECRETA RY

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

P e rfo rm s s e c r e t a r ia l an d c l e r i c a l d u tie s fo r a su p e rio r in a n a d ­
m in istr a tiv e or e x e c u t iv e p o s itio n .
D u tie s in c lu d e m a k in g a p p o in tm e n ts
fo r su p e rio r; r e c e iv in g p e o p le c o m in g in to o f f ic e ; an sw e rin g an d m a k in g
ph on e c a l l s ; h a n d lin g p e r so n a l an d im p o r ta n t or c o n fid e n tia l m a i l , an d
w ritin g ro u tin e c o rre sp o n d e n c e on ow n i n it ia t iv e ; an d ta k in g d ic ta tio n
(w h ere tra n sc rib in g m a c h in e is n ot u se d ) e ith e r in sh o rth an d o r b y
S te n o ty p e o r s i m i la r m a c h in e , an d tra n sc rib in g d ic ta tio n or the re c o r d e d
in fo rm a tio n re p ro d u c e d on a tra n sc rib in g m a c h in e .
M a y p re p a r e s p e c i a l
re p o rts o r m e m o r a n d u m s fo r in fo rm a tio n o f su p e rio r.

C la s s A .
O p e ra te s a s in g le - or m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e
sw itc h b o a rd h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t or o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r­
fo rm s f u ll te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e o r h a n d le s c o m p le x c a l l s , such
a s c o n fe r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , or s i m ila r c a l l s , e ith e r in a d d itio n to
d o in g ro u tin e w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r sw itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r, c la s s B, or a s a
f u l l - t i m e a s s ig n m e n t.
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n se r v ic e o c c u rs w hen
the e s ta b lis h m e n t h a s v a r ie d fu n c tio n s th a t are n ot r e a d ily u n d e rsta n d a b le
fo r te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o se s, e . g . , b e c a u s e o f o v e r la p p in g or
in te r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s, an d c o n se q u e n tly p re se n t fre q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ich e x te n sio n s are a p p ro p ria te fo r c a l l s . )

ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

G E N ER A L

P r im a r y d u ty is to ta k e d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g a n o rm a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y fro m one or m o re p e rso n s e ith e r in sh o rth an d or b y S te n o ty p e
or s i m i la r m a c h in e ; an d tra n sc rib e d ic ta tio n . M a y a ls o typ e fro m w ritte n
copy.
M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p sim p le re c o r d s, or p e rfo rm o th e r r e l a ­
t iv e ly ro u tin e c l e r i c a l ta sk s.
M a y o p e r a te fro m a ste n o g ra p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e w o rk .
( S e e t r a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r .)




C la s s B .
O p e ra te s a s in g le - or m u lt ip le - p o s it io n te le p h o n e
sw itc h b o a rd h a n d lin g in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t or o f f ic e c a l l s . M ay
h a n d le ro u tin e lo n g d is ta n c e c a l l s an d re c o r d t o lls . M a y p e rfo rm lim it e d
te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e r v ic e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n s e rv ic e
o c c u rs if the fu n c tio n s o f the e s ta b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d are r e a d ily u n d e r­
s ta n d a b le fo r te le p h o n e in fo rm a tio n p u rp o se s, or if the re q u e sts are ro u tin e ,
e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b ers w h en s p e c if ic n a m e s are fu rn ish e d , or
i f c o m p le x c a l l s are re fe rr e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

14

SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In a d d itio n to p e r fo r m in g d u tie s o f o p e r a to r on a sin g le p o sitio n
or m o n ito r - ty p e sw itc h b o a rd , a c t s as r e c e p t io n is t an d m a y a ls o ty p e or
p e rfo rm ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w ork a s p a r t o f r e g u la r d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g or
c l e r i c a l w ork m a y ta k e the m a jo r p a r t o f th is w o rk e r's tim e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

s p e c i f i c in stru c tio n s. M a y in c lu d e s im p le w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s an d
so m e f il i n g w ork .
T h e w ork t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e s p o rtio n s o f a w ork
u n it, fo r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l so rtin g or c o l l a t i n g runs or r e p e titiv e
o p e r a tio n s.

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N ER A L
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

C la s s A . O p e ra te s a v a r ie ty o f ta b u la t in g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a l ly in c lu d in g such m a c h in e s as the t a b u la t o r ,
c a lc u la to r ,
in te r p r e te r , c o lla t o r , an d o th e rs.
P e rfo rm s c o m p le t e
re p o rtin g a ss ig n m e n ts w ith o u t c lo s e su p e r v isio n , an d p e rfo rm s d if fic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
T h e c o m p le t e re p o rtin g an d t a b u la t in g a s s ig n ­
m e n ts t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e a v a r ie ty o f lo n g an d c o m p le x re p o rts w h ich
o fte n are o f ir r e g u la r or n o n re c u rrin g ty p e re q u irin g so m e p la n n in g
an d se q u e n c in g o f ste p s to b e ta k e n .
A s a m o re e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r ­
a to r , is t y p ic a l ly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e ra to rs in m a c h in e
o p e r a t io n s, o r p a r t ia l l y tr a in e d o p e ra to rs in w irin g fro m d ia g r a m s
an d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x re p o rts.
D o e s n ot
in c lu d e w o rk in g su p e rv iso rs p e r fo r m in g t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s
an d d a y - t o - d a y su p e rv isio n o f the w ork an d p ro d u c tio n o f a gro u p o f
t a b u la t in g - m a c h in e o p e r a to rs.

C la s s B . O p e ra te s m o re d if fic u lt t a b u la t in g or e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t ­
in g m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la t o r an d c a lc u la t o r , in a d d itio n to the
so rte r, re p ro d u c e r , an d c o lla t o r . T h is w ork is p e r fo r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c
in stru c tio n s an d m a y in c lu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f so m e w irin g from
d ia g r a m s .
T h e w ork t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s , fo r e x a m p l e , ta b u la tio n s
in v o lv in g a r e p e t itiv e a c c o u n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e b u t s m a ll
t a b u la t in g stu d y , o r p a rts o f a lo n g e r an d m o re c o m p le x re p o rt. S u ch
re p o rts an d stu d ie s are u s u a lly o f a re c u rrin g n ature w h ere the p r o ­
c e d u re s are w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a lso in c lu d e the tr a in in g o f new
e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic o p e r a tio n o f the m a c h in e .

C la s s C .
O p e ra te s s im p le t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g
m a c h in e s such a s the so rte r, re p ro d u c in g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith




P r im a r y duty is to tra n sc rib e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o rm a l ro u tin e
v o c a b u la r y fro m tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e re c o r d s. M a y a ls o ty p e fro m w ritte n
c o p y a n d do s im p le c l e r i c a l w ork . W orkers tra n sc rib in g d ic ta tio n in v o lv in g
a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s l e g a l b rie fs or re p o rts
on s c ie n t if i c re se a r c h are n o t in c lu d e d . A w o ik e r w ho t a k e s d ic ta tio n in
sh o rth an d o r b y S te n o ty p e or s i m i la r m a c h in e is c l a s s i f i e d a s a s te n o g ra p h e r ,
g e n e r a l.

T Y P IS T
U se s a ty p e w rite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e
o u t b i ll s a f t e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e rso n . M a y in ­
c lu d e ty p in g o f s te n c ils , m a ts , or s i m i la r m a t e r i a ls fo r u se in d u p lic a tin g
p r o c e ss e s .
M a y do c l e r i c a l w ork in v o lv in g l it t le s p e c i a l tra in in g , such
a s k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s, f il i n g re c o rd s an d re p o rts, or so rtin g an d d is ­
trib u tin g in c o m in g m a i l .

C la s s A .
P e rfo rm s o n e or m o re o f the fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a ­
t e r i a l in f in a l fo rm w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l fro m s e v e r a l
so u rc e s or re s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t io n , p u n c tu ­
a t io n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u su a l w ords or fo r e ig n la n g u a g e m a ­
t e r i a l ; an d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b le s
to m a in t a in u n ifo rm ity an d b a la n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e ro u tin e
fo rm le tt e r s v a r y in g d e t a ils to s u it c ir c u m s t a n c e s .

C la s s B.
P e rfo rm s on e or m o re o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g
fro m ro ugh or c l e a r d rafts; ro u tin e ty p in g o f fo r m s , in su ran c e p o l i c i e s ,
e t c . ; an d s e ttin g u p sim p le sta n d a rd t a b u la t io n s , o r c o p y in g m o re
c o m p le x t a b le s a lr e a d y se tu p an d s p a c e d p r o p e rly .

15
PROFESSIONAL

ND

TECHNICAL

D R A FT SM A N

D R A FT SM A N
C la s s A . P la n s the g r a p h ic p r e se n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g
d is tin c tiv e d e sig n fe a tu r e s th a t d iffe r s ig n ific a n t ly from e s ta b lis h e d
d ra ftin g p r e c e d e n ts . W orks in c lo s e su pp ort w ith the d e sig n o r ig in a to r ,
an d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e sig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the e f f e c t o f
e a c h c h a n g e on the d e t a ils o f fo rm , fu n c tio n , an d p o s itio n a l r e la t io n ­
sh ip s o f c o m p o n e n ts an d p a rts. W orks w ith a m in im u m o f su p e rv iso ry
a s s is ta n c e . C o m p le t e d w ork is r e v ie w e d b y d e sig n o r ig in a to r fo r c o n ­
s iste n c y w ith p rio r e n g in e e rin g d e te r m in a tio n s .
M a y e ith e r p re p are
d raw in g s, or d ir e c t th e ir p r e p a r a tio n by lo w e r l e v e l d ra ftsm e n .
C la s s B.
P e rfo rm s n on routin e an d c o m p le x d r a ftin g a ssig n m e n ts
th a t re q u ire the a p p lic a t io n o f m o st o f the sta n d ard ize d d raw in g t e c h ­
n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u se d . D u tie s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch w ork a s: P re p a re s
w o rk in g d raw in g s o f su b a s s e m b lie s w ith irr e g u la r sh a p e s, m u ltip le
fu n c tio n s, an d p r e c is e p o s itio n a l r e la tio n sh ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n ts;
p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l draw in g s fo r c o n stru c tio n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g
d e t a il d raw in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s, w a ll se c tio n s , flo o r p la n s, an d ro o f.
U se s a c c e p t e d fo rm u la s an d m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e ssa ry c o m p u ta tio n s
to d e te r m in e q u a n titie s o f m a t e r ia ls to be u se d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s ,
stre n g th s, str e sse s, e t c .
R e c e iv e s in it ia l in stru c tio n s, r e q u ir e m e n ts,
an d a d v ic e fro m su p e rv iso r.
C o m p le t e d w ork is c h e c k e d fo r t e c h n ic a l
adequacy.
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d raw in g s o f sin g le un its or p a rts fo r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n str u c tio n , m a n u fa c tu r in g , or r e p a ir p u rp o se s. T y p e s
o f d raw in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e is o m e tr ic p r o je c tio n s (d e p ic t in g th ree
d im e n sio n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) an d s e c tio n a l v ie w s to c la r if y p o s itio n in g
o f c o m p o n e n ts an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo rm a tio n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e t a ils
from a n u m b e r o f so u rc e s an d a d ju sts o r tran sp o se s s c a le a s re q u ir e d .

MAINTENANCE

C o n tin u e d

S u g g e s te d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n ts , an d a d v ic e on
so u rce m a t e r ia ls are g iv e n w ith in it ia l a ssig n m e n ts.
In stru ctio n s are
le s s c o m p le t e w h en a ssig n m e n ts re c u r.
Work m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d
d u rin g p ro g re ss.
D R A F T SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p ie s p la n s an d d raw in g s p r e p a r e d by o th ers by p la c in g tr a c in g
c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r d raw in g s an d tr a c in g w ith p e n or p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
in c lu d e tr a c in g l i m i t e d to p la n s p r im a r ily c o n sistin g o f str a ig h t lin e s an d
a la r g e s c a le n o t re q u ir in g c lo s e d e lin e a t i o n .)
an d /o r
P re p a re s s im p le or r e p e t itiv e d raw in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d ite m s .
is c lo s e ly su p e r v ise d d u rin g p ro g re ss.
N U R SE,

W ork

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g is t e r e d nurse ’w ho g iv e s n ursin g s e r v ic e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c t io n to i l l or in ju re d e m p lo y e e s or o th e r perso n s w ho b e c o m e i l l or
s u ffe r an a c c i d e n t on th e p r e m is e s o f a fa c to ry or o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g fir s t a id to the il l
o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to su b se q u e n t d ressin g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s; k e e p in g
re c o rd s o f p a tie n ts t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t re p o rts fo r c o m p e n sa tio n
o r o th e r p u rp o se s; a s s is tin g in p h y sic a l e x a m in a tio n s an d h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s
o f a p p lic a n ts an d e m p lo y e e s ; an d p la n n in g an d c a r ry in g o u t p ro g ra m s
in v o lv in g h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , e v a lu a tio n o f p la n t e n ­
v iro n m e n t, o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t in g th e h e a lth , w e lf a r e , an d s a fe ty
o f a l l p e rso n n e l.

AND

POWERPLANT

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

P e rfo rm s the c a r p e n tr y d u tie s n e c e ssa ry to c o n stru c t an d m a in t a in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w oodw ork an d e q u ip m e n t such a s b in s, c rib s,
c o u n te rs, b e n c h e s , p a r titio n s , d oo rs, flo o rs, s ta ir s , c a s in g s , an d trim m a d e
o f w o o d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n ­
n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, d raw in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l
in stru ctio n s; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n te r 's h a n d to o ls, p o r ta b le p o w e r t o o ls ,

an d sta n d a rd m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; m a k in g sta n d ard shop c o m p u ta tio n s
r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork ; an d s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e ssa ry fo r the
w o rk .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n te r re q u ire s
ro u n d ed tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p ­
p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .




16

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E

H E L PE R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S — C o n tin u e d

P e rfo rm s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l trad e fu n c tio n s such as the in ­
s t a l l a t io n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t for the g e n e r a tio n , d is ­
trib u tio n , or u t iliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t .
Work
in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r r e p a irin g an y o f a v a r ie ty o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t such as g e n e ra to rs, tran sfo rm e rs, sw itc h b o a rd s, c o n ­
tr o lle r s , c ir c u it b re a k e rs, m o to rs, h e a tin g u n its, c o n d u it s y ste m s, or o th er
tra n sm issio n e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g fro m b lu e p rin ts, d raw in g s, la y o u t s , or
o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a t i n g an d d ia g n o sin g trou b le in the e l e c t r i c a l
sy ste m o r e q u ip m e n t; w o rk in g sta n d ard c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to lo a d
re q u ir e m e n ts o f w irin g or e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; an d u sin g a v a r ie ty o f
e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls an d m e a s u r in g an d te s tin g in stru m e n ts. In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n re q u ire s ro u n d ed tra in in g an d
e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l a p p re n tic e sh ip or e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

a w o rk e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls an d to o ls ; c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a , m a ­
c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t; a s s is tin g jo u rn e y m a n by h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls or to o ls;
an d p e r fo r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta sk s a s d ir e c t e d b y jo u rn e y m a n . T h e k in d
o f w ork the h e lp e r is p e r m it te d to p e rfo rm v a r ie s fro m tra d e to tra d e : In
so m e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to su p p ly in g , l i f t i n g , an d h o ld in g m a ­
t e r ia ls an d to o ls an d c le a n in g w o rk in g a r e a s ; an d in oth ers h e is p e r m it te d
to p e rfo rm s p e c ia liz e d m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s, o r p a rts o f a trad e th a t are
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w ork ers on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e ra te s an d m a in t a in s an d m a y a lso su p e rv ise the o p e r a tio n o f
s ta tio n a r y e n g in e s an d e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l or e l e c t r i c a l ) to su p p ly the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r, h e a t , r e fr ig e r a t io n , or
a ir - c o n d it io n in g .
W ork in v o lv e s: O p e ra tin g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
such a s s te a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p re sso rs, g e n e ra to rs, m o to rs, tu rb in e s,
v e n t ila t in g an d r e fr ig e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t, ste a m b o ile r s an d b o i l e r - f e d
w a te r p u m p s;, m a k in g e q u ip m e n t re p a irs; an d k e e p in g a re c o r d o f o p e r a tio n
o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , an d fu e l c o n su m p tio n .
M a y a ls o su p e rv ise
th e se o p e r a tio n s.
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g in e e rs in e sta b lish m e n ts e m p lo y in g
m o re th an one e n g in e e r a re e x c lu d e d .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

T O O LR O O M

S p e c ia liz e s in the o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o re ty p e s o f m a c h in e
t o o ls , such a s j i g b o re rs, c y lin d r ic a l or su rfa c e g rin d e rs, e n g in e la t h e s ,
or m illin g m a c h in e s , in the c o n stru c tio n o f m a c h in e - s h o p to o ls , g a g e s ,
j i g s , fix tu r e s , or d ie s .
W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
an d p e r fo r m in g d if fic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a tio n s; p r o c e ssin g ite m s re q u ir in g
c o m p l i c a t e d se tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f p r e ­
c isio n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts; s e le c t in g fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , an d o p e r ­
a tio n s e q u e n c e ; an d m a k in g n e c e ssa ry a d ju s tm e n ts d u rin g o p e r a tio n to
a c h ie v e r e q u isite to le r a n c e s or d im e n sio n s.
M a y b e re q u ir e d to re c o g n iz e
w hen to o ls n e e d d re ssin g , to d ress t o o ls , an d to s e l e c t p ro p e r c o o la n ts
an d c u ttin g an d lu b r ic a t in g o ils . F o r c ro ss-in d u stry w a g e study p u rp o se s,
m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a to rs, to o lr o o m , in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g shops are e x ­
c lu d e d fro m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y BO ILER

F ir e s s ta tio n a ry b o ile r s to furnish the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w hich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r, or s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to fire by h an d or
o p e r a te s a m e c h a n ic a l sto k e r, or g a s or o il burn er; an d c h e c k s w a te r
an d s a fe ty v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , or a s s is t in r e p a ir in g b o ile r ro o m
e q u ip m e n t.

H E L PE R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A ssists one or m o re w ork ers in the s k ille d m a in te n a n c e tra d e s ,
b y p e r fo r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f le s s e r s k ill, such as k e e p in g




P ro d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts an d new p a rts in m a k in g re p a irs o f
m e t a l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. Work
in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : In te rp re tin g w ritte n in stru ctio n s an d s p e c i ­
fic a tio n s ; p la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w ork; u sin g a v a r ie ty o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls an d p r e c is io n m e a su r in g in stru m e n ts; s e ttin g u p an d o p e r a tin g
sta n d a rd m a c h in e to o ls; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; m a k in g
sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork , to o lin g , fe e d s,
an d sp e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o rk in g p r o p e rtie s o f the
c o m m o n m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd m a t e r ia ls , p a rts, an d e q u ip m e n t r e ­
q u ire d fo r h is w ork; an d fit tin g an d a s s e m b lin g p a rts in to m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l, the m a c h in is t 's w ork n o rm a lly re q u ire s a ro u n d e d
tra in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p ­
p r e n tic e sh ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

17

M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A IN T E N A N C E )

O ILER

R e p a ir s a u to m o b ile s , b u se s, m o to rtru c k s, an d tra c to rs o f a n e s ­
ta b lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o se so u rce o f tro u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t an d
p e r fo r m in g re p a irs t h a t in v o lv e th e use o f su ch h a n d to o ls a s w re n c h e s,
g a g e s , d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g or f it t in g p a rts;
r e p la c in g b ro k e n or d e f e c t iv e p a rts fro m sto c k ; g rin d in g an d a d ju s tin g
v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g a n d in s ta llin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in th e v e h ic le
an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts; an d a lin in g w h e e ls, a d ju s tin g b ra k e s
a n d lig h ts , or tig h te n in g b o d y b o lts .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the a u to ­
m o t iv e m e c h a n ic re q u ir e s ro u n d e d tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d
th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

L u b r ic a t e s, w ith o il o r g r e a s e , the m o v in g p a rts or w e a rin g su r­
f a c e s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e sta b lis h m e n t.

M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y or m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s ta b lis h m e n t .
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s an d m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e so u rce o f tro u b le ; d is m a n tlin g or p a rtly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s a n d p e r fo r m in g re p a irs th a t m a in ly in v o lv e the use o f h a n d to o ls
in s c r a p in g a n d f it t in g p a rts; r e p la c in g b ro k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a rts w ith ite m s
o b ta in e d fro m s to c k ; o rd e rin g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e shop or se n d in g o f the m a c h in e to a m a c h in e shop fo r m a jo r
r e p a irs; p r e p a r in g w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s fo r m a jo r re p a irs or fo r th e p r o ­
d u c tio n o f p a rts o r d e re d fro m m a c h in e sh op; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s; an d
m a k in g a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm e n ts fo r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w ork o f
a m a in t e n a n c e m e c h a n ic re q u ire s ro u n d e d tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g a n d e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x c lu d e d fro m th is c l a s s if ic a t io n are w ork ers w hose p r im a r y
d u tie s in v o lv e s e tt in g up or a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s.
M IL L W R IG H T
In s ta lls new m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, an d d is m a n t le s an d
in s t a lls m a c h in e s or h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in the p la n t la y o u t
are r e q u ir e d . W ork in v o lv e s m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t o f th e w ork; in te rp re tin g b lu e p rin ts or o th e r s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a
v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g in g ; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e ­
la t in g to s tr e sse s, stre n gth o f m a t e r i a ls , an d c e n te rs o f g r a v ity ; a lin in g
a n d b a la n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t; s e le c t in g sta n d a rd to o ls , e q u ip m e n t , an d
p a rts to be u se d ; an d in s t a llin g an d m a in t a in in g in g o o d o rd e r p o w e r
tr a n sm issio n e q u ip m e n t su ch as d riv e s a n d sp e e d re d u c e r s.
In g e n e r a l,
the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o r m a lly re q u ire s a ro u n d ed tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e
in the tra d e a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip or e q u iv a le n t t r a in ­
in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .




P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a in ts an d re d e c o r a te s w a lls , w oodw ork , an d fix tu r e s o f an e s ­
ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f su rfa c e p e c u l i ­
a r itie s an d ty p e s o f p a in t re q u ire d fo r d iffe r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g
su rfa c e fo r p a in t in g b y re m o v in g o ld fin ish or b y p la c in g p u tty or f il l e r
in n a il h o le s an d in te r s tic e s ; an d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith sp ray gu n or brush .
M a y m ix c o lo r s , o ils , w h ite l e a d , an d o th e r p a in t in g re d ie n ts to o b ta in
p ro p e r c o lo r or c o n s iste n c y .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e
p a in t e r re q u ire s ro u n d ed tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through
a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

P IP E F IT T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In s ta lls or re p a irs w a te r , s t e a m , g a s , or o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e an d
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
L a y in g o u t o f w ork an d m e a s u r in g to l o c a t e p o s itio n o f p ip e fro m draw in g s
or o th e r w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; c u ttin g v a rio u s sizes o f p ip e to c o r r e c t
le n g th s w ith c h is e l an d h a m m e r or o x y a c e t y le n e torch or p ip e - c u t t in g
m a c h in e ; th r e a d in g p ip e w ith sto c k s an d d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n
o r p o w e r- d r iv e n m a c h in e s; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s an d fa ste n in g
p ip e to h a n g e r s; m a k in g sta n d a rd shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to p re ssu re s,
flo w , an d size o f p ip e re q u ir e d ; an d m a k in g sta n d a rd te sts to d e te rm in e
w h e th e r fin is h e d p ip e s m e e t s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the
m a in te n a n c e p ip e f it t e r re q u ire s ro u n d e d tra in in g a n d e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly
a c q u ir e d th rou gh a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x ­
p e r ie n c e . W orkers p r im a r ily e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g an d r e p a ir in g b u ild in g
s a n ita tio n or h e a tin g sy ste m s are e x c l u d e d .

PLU M B ER , M A IN T E N A N C E
K e e p s the p lu m b in g sy ste m o f a n e s ta b lis h m e n t in g o o d o rd e r.
W ork in v o lv e s: K n o w le d g e o f s a n ita ry c o d e s re g a r d in g in s t a lla tio n o f v e n ts
an d tra p s in p lu m b in g s y ste m ; in s t a llin g or re p a irin g p ip e s an d fix tu re s;
an d o p e n in g c lo g g e d d rain s w ith a p lu n g e r or p lu m b e r 's s n a k e . In g e n e r a l,
the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e p lu m b e r re q u ire s ro u n d ed tra in in g an d e x ­
p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tic e sh ip or e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

18

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a lls , an d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a ir the s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t an d fix tu r e s (su c h a s m a c h in e g u a rd s, g r e a s e p a n s, sh e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n tila to r s , c h u te s, d u c ts, m e t a l ro o fin g ) o f a n e s ta b lis h ­
m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t a l l
ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w ork fro m b lu e p rin ts, m o d e ls , or o th e r
s p e c ific a t io n s ; s e tt in g u p a n d o p e r a tin g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o rk in g m a c h in e s; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , fo r m ­
in g , sh a p in g , f it t in g , an d a s s e m b lin g ; an d in s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t ic le s
as re q u ir e d . In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f the m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w ork er
re q u ire s ro u n d ed tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo rm a l
a p p re n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g ; P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f w ork fro m m o d e ls ,
b lu e p rin ts, d raw in g s, or o th e r o r a l an d w ritte n s p e c ific a t io n s ; u sin g a
v a r ie ty o f to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c is io n m e a su r in g in stru ­
m e n ts , u n d e rsta n d in g o f the w o rk in g p r o p e rtie s o f c o m m o n m e ta ls an d
a llo y s ; s e tt in g up an d o p e r a tin g o f m a c h in e to o ls an d r e la te d e q u ip m e n t;
m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c o m p u ta tio n s r e la tin g to d im e n sio n s o f w ork , sp e e d s,
f e e d s , an d t o o lin g o f m a c h in e s: h e a tt r e a tin g o f m e ta l p a rts d u rin g f a b r i ­
c a t io n as w e ll a s o f fin ish e d to o ls an d d ie s to a c h ie v e re q u ire d q u a litie s ;
w o rk in g to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; f it t in g an d a s s e m b lin g o f p a rts to p r e sc r ib e d
to le r a n c e s an d a llo w a n c e s ; an d s e le c t in g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r i a ls , t o o ls , an d
p r o c e ss e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e to o l an d d ie m a k e r 's w ork re q u ire s a ro u n d ed
tra in in g in m a c h in e - s h o p an d to o lro o m p r a c t ic e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d through
a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip or e q u iv a le n t tra in in g an d e x p e r ie n c e .

(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r; fix tu re m a k e r; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n stru c ts an d re p a irs
or d ie s fo r fo rg in g s , p u n c h in g ,

m a c h in e - s h o p t o o ls , g a g e s , j i g s , fix tu r e s
an d o th e r m e t a l- fo r m in g w ork . W ork in -

CUSTODIAL

AND

F o r c ro ss-in d u stry w a g e stu d y p u rp o se s, to o l an d d ie m a k e r s in
to o l an d d ie jo b b in g shops are e x c lu d e d fro m th is c la s s i f i c a t i o n .

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

E L E V A T O R O P E R A T O R , P A SSE N G E R

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R ,

T ra n sp o rts p a s se n g e r s b e tw e e n flo o rs o f an o f f ic e b u ild in g , a p a r t ­
m e n t h o u se , d e p a r tm e n t sto re , h o te l, or s im ila r e s ta b lis h m e n t. W orkers
w ho o p e r a te e le v a t o r s in c o n ju n c tio n w ith o th e r d u tie s such as th ose o f
sta rte rs an d ja n ito r s are e x c lu d e d .

or o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f the fo llo w in g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r sc ru b b in g , an d p o lis h in g flo o rs; re m o v in g c h ip s,
tra sh , an d o th e r re fu se ; d u stin g e q u ip m e n t, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s; p o lish in g
m e t a l fix tu r e s o r tr im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s an d m in o r m a in te n a n c e
s e r v ic e s ; an d c le a n in g la v a t o r i e s , sh o w ers, an d re stro o m s.
W orkers w ho
s p e c ia liz e in w in do w w ash in g are e x c lu d e d .

GUARD
P e rfo rm s ro u tin e p o lic e d u tie s, e ith e r a t f ix e d p o st or on to u r,
m a in t a in in g o rd e r, u sin g arm s or fo rc e w here n e c e s s a r y .
In c lu d e s g a t e m e n w ho are s ta tio n e d a t g a te an d c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s an d
o th e r p erso n s e n te r in g .

JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

O R CLEA N ER

(S w e e p e r ; c h a rw o m a n ; ja n itr e s s )
C le a n s an d k e e p s in an o rd e rly c o n d itio n fa c to r y w o rk in g a r e a s
an d w a sh ro o m s, or p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm e n t h o u s e , or c o m m e r c ia l




O R C L E A N E R — C o n tin u e d

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
(L o a d e r an d u n lo a d e r; h a n d le r an d s ta c k e r ; s h e lv e r ; tru c k e r; s to c k m a n
o r sto c k h e lp e r ; w a r e h o u se m a n o r w areh o u se h e lp e r)
A w o rk e r e m p lo y e d in a w a re h o u se , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s to re ,
or o th e r e s ta b lis h m e n t w hose d u tie s in v o lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
L o a d in g an d u n lo a d in g v a rio u s m a t e r ia ls an d m e rc h a n d ise o n or fro m fr e ig h t
c a r s , tru c k s, o r o th e r tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; u n p a c k in g , sh e lv in g , or p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls or m e rc h a n d ise in p ro p e r sto ra g e lo c a t io n ; an d tra n sp o rtin g m a ­
t e r ia ls or m e rc h a n d ise by h a n d tru c k , c a r , or w h e e lb a rro w . L o n g sh o re m e n ,
w ho lo a d an d u n lo a d sh ip s are e x c lu d e d .

19
O R D E R FIL L E R
(O rd e r p ic k e r ; sto c k s e le c t o r ; w areh o u se sto c k m a n )
F i l l s sh ip p in g or tra n sfe r ord ers fo r fin ish e d go o d s fro m sto re d
m e rc h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c ific a t io n s on s a le s slip s , c u sto m e rs'
o rd e rs, or o th e r in stru c tio n s.
M a y , in a d d itio n to f il l i n g ord ers an d in ­
d ic a t in g ite m s f il l e d or o m it te d , k e e p re c o rd s o f o u tg o in g o rd e rs, r e q u i­
s i t i o n a d d itio n a l sto c k o r re p o rt sh ort su p p lie s to su p e rv iso r, an d p e rfo rm
o th e r r e la t e d d u tie s .

PACKER,

SH IP PIN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts fo r sh ip m e n t or sto ra g e b y p l a c in g th e m
in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r fo r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p o n the ty p e , siz e , an d n u m b e r o f u n its to be p a c k e d , the ty p e o f c o n ­
t a in e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f sh ip m e n t.
W ork re q u ir e s the p l a c in g o f
ite m s in sh ip p in g c o n ta in e r s an d m a y in v o lv e one or m o re o f the fo llo w in g :
K n o w le d g e o f v a r io u s ite m s o f sto c k in o rd er to v e r ify c o n te n t; s e le c t io n
o f a p p ro p ria te ty p e an d size o f c o n ta in e r ; in se rtin g e n c lo su re s in c o n ta in e r ;
u sin g e x c e l s i o r or o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g
an d s e a lin g c o n ta in e r ; an d a p p ly in g la b e l s or e n te r in g id e n tify in g d a ta on
c o n ta in e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a ls o m a k e w o o d en b o x e s or c r a te s are e x c lu d e d .

T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a tru ck w ith in a c ity o r in d u str ia l a r e a to tran sp o rt m a ­
t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d is e , e q u ip m e n t, o r m e n b e tw e e n v a rio u s ty p e s o f e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts su ch as: M a n u fa c tu rin g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o ts, w are h o u se s,
w h o le s a le an d r e t a il e sta b lis h m e n ts , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e sta b lish m e n ts an d
c u sto m e rs' h o u se s or p l a c e s o f b u sin e ss.
M a y a lso lo a d or u n lo a d tru ck
w ith or w ith o u t h e lp e r s , m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a ir s , an d k e e p tru ck
in g o o d w o rk in g o rd e r.
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n an d o v e r - t h e - r o a d d riv ers are
e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e stu d y p u rp o se s, tru c k d riv e rs are c l a s s i f i e d b y size an d
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s fo llo w s: ( T r a c t o r - t r a il e r sh o u ld be r a te d on the
b a s is o f t r a ile r c a p a c i t y . )

T r u c k d riv e r (c o m b in a t io n o f sizes lis te d s e p a r a t e ly )
T m c k d r iv e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V 2 ton s)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m e d iu m (lV z to an d in c lu d in g 4 ton s)
T r u c k d riv e r, h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, t r a ile r ty p e)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h e a v y (o v e r 4 to n s, o th e r th an t r a ile r ty p e )

SH IP PIN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

T R U C K E R , POW ER

P re p a re s m e rc h a n d ise fo r sh ip m e n t, or r e c e iv e s an d is re sp o n sib le
fo r in c o m in g sh ip m e n ts o f m e rc h a n d ise or o th e r m a t e r i a ls . S h ip p in g w ork
in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o c e d u re s, p r a c t ic e s , ro u te s, a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f tra n sp o rta tio n , an d r a te s ; an d p r e p a r in g re c o rd s o f the go o d s
sh ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i ll s o f la d in g , p o stin g w e ig h t an d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
an d k e e p in g a f il e o f sh ip p in g re c o rd s.
M a y d ir e c t or a ssist in p r e p a r in g
the m e rc h a n d ise fo r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s: V e r ify in g or
d ir e c t in g o th e rs in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e ss o f sh ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills o f
la d in g , in v o ic e s , or o th e r re c o rd s; c h e c k in g fo r sh o rta g e s an d r e je c t in g
d a m a g e d g o o d s; ro u tin g m e rc h a n d ise or m a t e r ia ls to p ro p e r d e p a rtm e n ts;
an d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y re c o rd s an d f il e s .

O p e ra te s a m a n u a lly c o n tr o lle d g a s o lin e - or e le c t r ic - p o w e r e d
tru c k or t r a c to r to tran sp o rt g o o d s an d m a t e r ia ls o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a
w a r e h o u se , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, or o th e r e sta b lis h m e n t.

F o r w a g e stu d y p u rp o se s, w ork ers are c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f tru c k ,
a s fo llo w s:
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r , p o w e r (o th e r th a n fo rk lift)

F o r w a g e stud y p u rp o se s, w ork ers are c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s:
W ATCH M AN
R e c e iv in g c le r k
S h ip p in g c le rk
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e iv in g c le rk




M a k e s rounds o f p r e m is e s p e r io d ic a lly
a g a in s t f ir e , th e ft, an d i l l e g a l e n try .

in

p r o te c tin g

pro p erty




Available On Request—
The

six th

en gin eers,

annual

repo rt on s a l a r i e s for a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s ,

en g in eerin g

te ch n ician s,

draftsm en ,

tracers,

job

an aly sts,

d i r e c t o r s of

p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , an d c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O rder a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1 4 6 9 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h ­
n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , F e b r u a r y —M arch 1 9 6 5 . 45 c e n t s a c o p y .

Area Wage Surveys*
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p resen ted b elow .
A d ir e c to r y in d icatin g dates o f e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s o f the bulletins is
a v a ila b le on req u est.
B u lletin s m ay be purchased fro m the Superintendent o f Docum ents, U. S. G overn m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D. C. , 20402,
o r fro m any o f the B LS re g io n a l s ales o ffic e s shown on the in sid e fro n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p ric e

A rea

B u lletin number
and p ric e

A k ron , Ohio, June 1965____________________________________
Albany—Schenectady—T r o y , N. Y. , A p r. 1965-------------Albuqu erqu e, N. M ex. , A p r . 1965______________________
A llen tow n — ethlehem — aston, P a . — .J . , F eb . 1965__
B
E
N
Atlanta, Ga. , M ay 1965____________________________________
B a ltim o re , Md. , N ov. 1965______________________________
Beaumont—P o r t A rth u r, T e x . , M ay 1965_________________
B irm in g h am , A l a . , A p r. 1965 1__________________________
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1965_____________________________
Boston, M a s s ., O ct. 1965 1 ______________________________

1430-78,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1430-74,
1465-29,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1465-1,
1465-12,

25
25
20
20
25
25
20
25
20
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M ilw au k ee, W is ., A p r . 19651____________________________
M in n eapolis—
St. P aul, Minn. , Jan. 1966________________
M uskegon—M uskegon H eigh ts, M ic h ., M ay 1965_________
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F eb . 1965------------------N ew Haven, C on n ., Jan. 1966 1---------------------------------N ew O rlea n s , L a . , F eb . 1966_____________________________
N ew Y ork , N. Y. , A p r. 1965 1 ____________________________
N o rfo lk —P ortsm o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
Hampton, V a. , June 1965 1 _____________________________
Oklahom a C ity, Okla. , Aug. 1965------------------------------

1430-58,
1465-38,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1430-80,

25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
40cents

1430-77,
1465-5,

25cents
20cents

B u ffalo, N. Y. , D ec. 1965_________________________________
B urlin gton, V t. , M a r. 1965 1 _____________________________
Canton, Ohio, A p r. 1965__________________________________
C h arleston , W. V a. , A p r. 1965__________________________
C h a rlo tte, N. C. , A p r. 1965______________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .-G a . , Sept. 1965____________________
C h icago, 111., A p r. 19651 ----------------------------------------C incinn ati, Ohio— y. , M a r. 1965________________________
K
C levela n d , Ohio, Sept. 1965______________________________
Colum bus, Ohio, O ct. 1965_______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , N ov. 1965__________________________________

1465-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1465-7,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1465-8,
1465-15,
1465-24,

25
25
20
20
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1465-13,
25cents
1430-71,
25cents
1465-35,
35cents
1430-56,
20cents
1465-46, . 20 cents
1465-23,
25cents
1430-70,
25cents

D avenport—R ock Island—M olin e, Iow a—
111.,
Oct. 1965 __ . . . . . ________ __________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1966 1_________________________________
D en ver, C o lo ., D ec. 19651 ______________________________
D es M oin es, Iowa, F eb . 19661___________________________
D e tro it, M ich. , Jan. 1966________________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , N ov. 1965_________ ____________________
G ree n B ay, W is. , Aug. 1965_____________________________
G r e e n v ille , S. C. , M ay 1965______________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1965_________________________________
In dianapolis, Ind. , D ec. 1965 1___________________________

Omaha, N e b r .- Io w a , Oct. 1965 1 ________________________
P a te rs o n — lifto n —P a s s a ic , N. J. , M ay 1965--------------C
P h ilad elp h ia, P a . — .J . , N ov. 1965 1------------------------N
Phoen ix, A r iz . , M a r. 1965_______________________________
P ittsb u rgh , P a . , Jan. 1966------------- -------------------------P ortla n d , M aine, N ov. 19651------------------------------------P o rtla n d , O r e g . —
Wash. , M ay 1965______________________
P ro v id e n c e —P aw tu ck et, R. I . —M ass. ,
M ay 1965 1 _________________________________________________
R a leigh , N. C. , Sept. 1965 1______________________________
Richm ond, V a. , N ov. 1965 1 _____________________________
R o c k fo rd , 111., M ay 1965-------------------------------------------

1430-67,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1430-63,

30cents
25cents
30cents
20cents

1465-16,
1465-39 1
1465-33,
1465-48,
1465-45,
1465-26,
1465-4,
1430-69,
1430-82,
1465-31,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
20
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. L o u is, M o .—111. , Oct. 1965___________________________
Salt Lak e C ity, Utah, D ec. 1965-------------------------------San Antonio, T e x . , June 1965 1___________________________
San B ern a rd in o —R iv e r side—O n tario, C a lif. ,
Sept. 1965 1________________________________________________
San D iego, C a lif . , N ov. 1965_____________________________
San F ra n c is c o —Oakland, C a lif. , Jan.1966 1----------------San Jose, C a lif. , Sept. 1965 1 ____________________________
Savannah, Ga. , M ay 1965_________________________________
Scranton, P a . , Aug. 1965 1---------------------------------------Seattle—E v e r e tt, W a sh ., Oct. 1965 1_____________________

1465-22,
1465-32,
1430-81,

25cents
20cents
25cents

1465-20,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1465-19.
1430-64,
1465-3,
1465-9,

30cents
20cents
30cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
30cents

1465-44,
1465-41,
1465-27,
1430-75,
1465-6,

25
20
30
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,
1465-2,
1465-42,
1465-30,

30
25
20
20
30
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 19651 _______________________
South Bend, In d ., M a r. 1965_____________________________
Spokane, W a sh ., June 19651_____________________________
T o le d o , Ohio— ich ., F eb . 1966---------------------------------M
T ren ton , N . J. , D ec. 1965________________________________
W ashington, D. C . - M d . - V a . , Oct. 1965________________
W a terb u ry, C on n ., M a r. 1965____________________________
W a te rlo o , Iow a, N ov. 1965_______________________________
W ich ita, Kans. , Oct. 1965________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., June 1965____________________________
Y o rk , P a . , F eb . 19661____________________________________
Youngstown—W a rre n , Ohio, N ov. 19651 ---------------------

1465- 17,
1430-54,
1430-79,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1465-14,
1430-49,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1430-76,
1465-40,
1465-25,

25cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents

Jackson, M is s ., F eb . 19661______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Jan. 1966_____________________________
K ansas C ity, M o . - K a n s . , N ov. 1965 1 ----------------------L a w re n c e — a v e rh ill, M a s s .— H. ,June 1965___________
H
N.
L ittle Rock— orth L it t le Rock, A rk . , Aug. 1965_______
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B each, C a lif. ,
M a r. 1965 1________________________________________________
L o u is v ille , K y . —
Ind. , F eb . 1965 1-----------------------------Lubbock, T e x . , June 1965________________________________
M an ch ester, N. H. , Aug. 1965____________________________
M em phis, Tenn.—A r k . , Jan. 1966 1----------------------------M ia m i, F l a . , D ec. 19651_________________________________
M idland and O dessa, T e x ------ ----- — —_______— -------------

(N o t previously surveyed)

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."








Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102