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The Fort Worth, Texas, Metropolitan Area
November 1965
TARRANT

F o r t Wor t h
J

Bulletin No. 1465-26




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU

OF

Arthur

M.

LABOR
Ross,

STATISTICS
C om m issioner




Area Wage Survey
The Fort W orth, Texas, Metropolitan Area




November 1965

Bulletin No. 1465-26
January 1966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 4 0 2 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

A t the end o f ea ch s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a
b u lletin p r e s e n ts su r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a ch a r e a stu d ied.
A fte r c o m p le tio n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u al a r e a b u lletin s fo r
a round o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
T h e f ir s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r e a ch o f the m e tro p o lita n
a r e a s studied into one b u lletin . T h e s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts
in fo rm a tio n w h ich has b een p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
ro p o lita n a r e a data to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U nited States.

In trod u ction __________________________________________ . ________________________ W age tren d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m ber s tu d ie d ______________________________________________________
In dexes o f stan dard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s tr a ig h t -tim e h o u rly
e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
change fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s ______________________________________
O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s — en and w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s — en and w o m e n ..
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s ___________________
A -5 . C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ____________

A p p en d ix.

O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _______________________________________

E ig h ty -fiv e a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d ed in the
p r o g r a m . In form a tion on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
annually in ea ch a r e a . In form a tion on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
tic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su r v e y in
F o r t W orth , T e x . , in N ov e m b e r 1965. T h e Standard M e t­
ro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d by the B u reau o f the
B udget th rou gh M a r ch 1965, c o n s is t s o f J oh n son and
T a rra n t C o u n tie s . T h is study w as co n d u cted b y the B u r e a u 's
r e g io n a l o ffic e in A tlan ta , G a. , B r u n s w ick A . B agdon ,
D ir e c t o r ; by R o b e rt F . M c N e e ly , u n der the d ir e c tio n o f
J a m es D. G a rla n d . T h e study w a s u n d er the g e n e r a l
d ir e c tio n o f D onald M . C r u s e , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r
fo r W a ges and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

m

* N O TE: S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

2

3

4
6

NO 00

T h e B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o ccu p a tio n a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sign ed to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s fo r ea ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and fo r the
U nited S ta tes. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the
n eed fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by
o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru c tu re
and le v e l o f w a g es am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

11




Area Wage Survey—
The Fort Worth, T ei., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t and ea rn in g s data a re shown fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the given occu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in gs data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts. N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d ed . W h ere w e e k ly h ou rs a r e
r e p o r te d , as f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w ork
sch e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) fo r w h ich s tr a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re p a id; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th ese o c cu p a tio n s have
b een roun ded to the n e a r e s t h alf d o lla r .

This a r e a is 1 of 85 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r 's
B u reau of L a b o r S ta tistic s con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and re la te d w age b e n e fits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts c u r re n t o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and
ea rn in g s in fo rm a tio n obtain ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lish m en ts
v is it e d b y B u reau fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
occu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m ade
to n on resp on d en ts and to th ose resp on d en ts r e p o rtin g unusual ch a n ges
s in c e the p r e v io u s su rv e y .

The a v erag es p resen ted r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a rea w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and esta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pa y le v e l and jo b staffin g and,
thus, con trib u te d iffe r e n t ly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
The pay
r e la tio n s h ip obtain a ble fr o m the a v erag es m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a t e ly
the w age s p re a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in tain ed am ong jo b s in in div idu al
e s ta b lis h m e n ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pa y le v e ls fo r m en
and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n s should not be a s su m e d to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in p a y trea tm en t o f the s e x e s w ithin in dividu al e s ­
ta b lish m en ts. O ther p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d i f f e r ­
e n ce s in pa y f o r m en and w om en in clu d e: D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ithin e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the actu al ra te s paid in ­
cu m ben ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a re a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip tio n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u sed in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th ese s u rv e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in
in div idu al esta b lis h m e n ts and a llow fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ­
ta b lish m en ts in the s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .

In ea ch a r e a , data a r e obtain ed fr 6 m r e p r e s e n ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lish m en ts w ithin s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; t r a n s ­
p orta tion , co m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n ce , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e g o v e rn m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s . E sta b lish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m ber of w o r k e r s a r e om itted b e c a u s e
th ey tend to fu rn ish in su ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stud ied
to w a rra n t in clu s io n . S ep a ra te ta bu la tion s a r e p r o v id e d fo r e a ch of the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r ia .
T h ese su r v e y s a re co n d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e of
the u n n e ce s s a ry c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv e y in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts.
To
obtain optim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n of
la rg e than o f s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In com b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll esta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p ro p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes b a s e d on the esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x ce p t fo r th ose b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e studied.

O ccu p a tion a l em p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in all
estab lish m en ts w ithin the sco p e o f the study and not the n um ber a ctu a lly
su r v e y e d . B e c a u se o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru ctu re am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts , the e stim a te s of o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m
the sa m p le o f esta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e
im p o rta n ce o f the jo b s stu d ied.
T h e se d iffe r e n c e s in occu p a tion a l
s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y of the earn in g s data.

O ccu p a tion s and E a rn in gs
The occu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s : (1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten an ce and p o w erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent. O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip tio n s d e s ig n e d to take a ccou n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in duties w ithin the sa m e jo b .
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in the appendix. E a rn in gs data fo r so m e o f
the occu p a tion s lis te d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e eith e r (1) em p loy m en t in the o ccu p a tio n is to o sm a ll
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of in dividu al esta b lis h m e n t data.




E sta b lish m en t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
T ab u lation s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in th is
b u lletin .
In form a tion fo r th e se ta bu la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ie n n ia lly in
this a r e a .
T h ese ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in su ra n ce ,
and p e n sio n p la n s; a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s
b u lletin s fo r this a rea .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m ber stu d ied in F o r t W orth , T e x . , 1
by m a jo r in d u stry d i v i s i o n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1965

M in im u m
em p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s _______________________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ..__________________________ . . . __ ___ _
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5_______________________
W h o le s a le tr a d e 6______________________________
R e ta il tr a d e 6___________________________________
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te 6______
S e r v ic e s 6 7_____________________________________

_

N u m b er o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

1

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e o f s tu d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied
N u m ber

P ercent

415

131

9 5 ,2 0 0

100

6 4 ,1 8 0

50
"

154
261

49
82

5 0 ,6 0 0
4 4 ,6 0 0

53
47

3 6 ,9 3 0
2 7 ,2 5 0

50
50
50
50
50

39
53
93
35
41

1
2

9 ,6 1 0
1 ,8 6 0
1 2 ,0 4 0
2, 240
1 ,5 0 0

20
13
25

1
1
13

11,000

6, 300
1 9 ,9 0 0
4 , 000
3 ,4 0 0

7

2
1
4
3

1 T h e F o r t W o rth S tandard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d e fin e d b y the B u rea u o f the B udget th rou gh M a r c h 1965, c o n s is t s o f Joh n son and
T a rr a n t C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f stu d y" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly accu rate* d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and
c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s tim a te s a r e not in ten ded, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r
e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v is e d ed itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w e r e u s e d in c la s s ify in g esta b lis h m e n ts
by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su ch
in d u s tr ie s as t r a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the s a m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in itia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x clu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

F o r t y -n in e p e r c e n t o f the e m p lo y e e s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in F o r t W orth w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g f ir m s . T he fo llo w in g ta b le p r e s e n t s the m a jo r in d u stry g r o u p s
and s p e c i fi c in d u s tr ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m a n u fa ctu rin g:
In d u stry g ro u p

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

T r a n s p o rta tio n e q u ip m e n t______47
F o o d p r o d u c t s ____________________14
M a c h in e r y (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l) ._ 8

A i r c r a f t and p a r t s ______________ 39
M o t o r v e h ic le s and e q u ip m e n t.. 6
C o n s tr u c tio n , m in in g , and
m a t e r ia ls handling
m a c h in e r y
5
M eat p r o d u c t s ____________________ 5

T h is in fo r m a tio n is b a s e d on e s tim a te s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c tu a l s u r v e y . P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay
d iff e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y as show n in ta b le 1 a b o v e .

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a re in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change in
a v e r a g e s a la r ie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , and
in a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s.
F o r o f fic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u str ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
cen ta g es of change re la te to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o rk , that is , the stan dard w o rk sch ed u le fo r w h ich s t r a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n ges
in a v e ra g e s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u r ly e a rn in g s, e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
The
p e r ce n ta g e s a re b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey occu p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t of the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ithin each g rou p.
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Cleiks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

A v e ra g e w eek ly
com pu ted fo r each of the
o r h o u rly e a rn in g s w e r e
the jo b s during the p e r io d

Industrial nurses ( men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly ea rn in g s w e re
s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u ltip lie d b y e m p loy m en t in each of
su r v e y e d in 1961. T h e se w eigh ted ea rn in g s

Table 2.

fo r in d iv id u al o c cu p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g reg a te fo r
ea ch o c cu p a tio n a l grou p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e rce n ta g e )
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te f o r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as com p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r ce n ta g e o f change fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth er.
The
in d ex es w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each grou p
a g g reg a te f o r each p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
The in d ex es and p e r c e n ta g e s of change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w age ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d by in d iv id u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b ;
and (3) ch a n ges in a v e r a g e w a g es due to ch a n g es in the la b o r fo r c e r e ­
su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e ex p a n sio n s, fo r c e re d u c tio n s , and
ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith
d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls . C hanges in the la b o r fo r c e can ca u se in c r e a s e s
or decrea ses
the o ccu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age ch a n g es.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r
paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r the a v e r a g e , w h erea s
a r e d u ctio n in the p r o p o r t io n of lo w e r paid w o r k e r s w ould have the
o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t of a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b lis h ­
m en t out of an a r e a cou ld ca u se the a v e r a g e ea rn in g s to d rop , even
though no change in ra te s o c c u r r e d in oth er e sta b lish m en ts in the a re a .
Data a re ad ju sted w h e re n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e fr o m the in d ex es and
p e r c e n ta g e s of change any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t ca u sed b y changes in
s c o p e of the su r v e y .
The u se of con stan t e m p loy m en t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n ges in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data. The p e r c e n ta g e s of change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a r e not in flu en ced by
ch a n ges in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , o r b y p re m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Fort Worth, T e x .,
November 1965 and November 1964, and percents o f change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(Novembei 1960=100)

Percents o f change1

November 1965 November 1964

November 1964 November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November 196(5 November 1959
to
to
to
to
to
to
November 1965 November 1964 November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November 1960

Industry and occupational group

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-----Industrial nurses (m en and women)-----Skilled maintenance (m en)----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

118.8
114.0
119.8
119.6

116.0
109.7
115.2
112.4

2 .4
4 .0
4 .0
6 .4

4 .3
2 .7
5 .0
3 .4

4.1
2.3
3.5
3 .7

3 .0
4 .9
2 .5
1. 1

3 .6
2 -5
3 .4
3.6

4 .3
.5
3.8
0

Manuf acturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en )-----Industrial nurses (men and w om en )---Skilled maintenance (m en)----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------

( 3)
113.8
118.7
113.0

( 3)
110.0
114.3
105.8

( 3)
3 .4
3.9
6 .8

( 3)
3.1
4 .6
2- 1

( 3)
2.3
3.2
2.9

3 .2
4 .8
2. 1
2- 1 . 0

3.8
2—. 5
3.6
4 .0

6 .5
1.0
3 .4
3 .9




Unless otherwise indicated, all are increases.
2 This decline largely reflects employment changes within and between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.
3 Data do not m eet publication criteria.

4
A. Occupational Earnings

Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

*

Average
weekly

*

*

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S * -------------------------------,n coif c _ n o n c o — w
!wt. CnIV) f UflUCK

of
worker*

154
42
112
79

_________

AO
OU

O F F IC E BOYS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

hours1
(standard)

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

M iddle range 2

$
1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0
1 0 2 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

$
1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

Under 40
|
and
4 0
under

-

-

50

55

60

1
1
-

$
$
9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 1 8 .0 0
9 6 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0

-

—

-

-

~

-

50

*

_______45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

*

55

-

*

$

60
-

65
-

Ofi Ilf%
VOtDU

no nn

a O

102
45
57

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 .0 0
5 7 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

5 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 3 .0 0 5 2 .0 0 5 4 .0 0 -

. . .

52
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0

*n

4 0 .0

o t Ail
o l« U U

7 0 AA
io«U O

75

-

65

70

75

—

-

4

5

-

-

$

80

-

$

90

(

95

$

$

100

$

105

$

110

$

115

80

65

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

6

13

5

12

7
3
4
3

15
9
6
3

9
3
6

-

6
6

13
2

5
5

10
4

12
1
11
9

6

27
3
24
24

1

6

19

6

6

~

“

4

1

3
3
-

6

_

4
—

5
_

1
1

_

_

4

_

-

1

44

19

7

12

-

-

-

-

1

26
18

7

-

12

1
6

5

7

(

125

*

130

135

2

3
3

6
1

~

1

125

-

- a n d

130

135 over

5

2

-

4

$

12C

-

2

6 9 .0 0 — 8 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A —
MANllFAr TIIR in n
_________
nNPiurNv i un INC

6 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

85
-

5

1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
i1 A n
4i s?.t 7 V —l^ U .U U

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CL Ado O
'■■■■■
■-■in ! ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ < ■

$

70

-

A A - 1 1 6 Crt
lXOn DU

An n
* u .u

$

-

-

6

-

1

1

7

2

8

3

2

2

3
2
1
1

13
1
12
12

22
3 18
4
4

4

11

“

2

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

6

15
14

5

2
2

7

3

7

2
2

—

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

6

NOMEN
(BILLERS* MACHINE (B IL L IN G
M A C H I N E )-------------------------------------------------------------

64

4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0

7 3 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0

-

“

4

7

1

8

~

21

13

B ILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E )------------------------------------------------------------NONNANUF AC T U R IN G -------------------------------------

35
31

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 8 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

5 7 .0 0
5 5 .5 0

5 1 .5 0 5 1 .0 0 -

6 7 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

-

6
6

-

7
7

3
3

4
4

2
2

-

2

-

9
9

2

-

63.00- 85.00

-

-

1

14

4

3

1

4

3

60.50- 73.00
6 6 .5 0 - 83.50
59.50 - 69.00

-

17
7

9
9

13
5

6
6

—

31
5
26
-

10
8
2

40

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING-------

108
27
81

40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC UTILITIES 4 -

200

40.0 96.00 94.00
40.0 105.50 116.00
40.5 86.50 85.00
40.0 105.00 105.50

7 8 .5 0 116.50
9 1 .0 0 119.00
7 2.50 - 97.00
9 8 .5 0 109.50

Cl e r k s * a c c o u n t in g * c l a s s b
MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING---------

430
95
335

40.5
40.0
40.5

71.00
78.00
68.50

78.50
65.50

59.50 - 81.50
6 4.50 - 91.50
5 8.50 - 78.00

40.0
40.0

60.00
60.00

57.00
57.00

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

55.50
55.50
70.50
80.00
67.50

54.50
54.50
69.00
74.50
66.50

6 3.50 - 76.50
7 2.50 - 87.50
6 2 .5 0 - 72.50

40.5
40.0
41.0

80.00
85.00
77.50

73.50
75.00
73.50

6 8 .5 0 - 93.00
6 9 .0 0 100.00
68.00 - 89.50

98

102

27

Cl e r k s * f i l e * c la s s b
NONMANUFACTURING---------------------CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C ---------NONMANUFACTURING ------------CLERKS* 0R0ER
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ----------CLERKS* PAYROLL MANUFACTURING <
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




220

194
134
33

101

135
47
88

67.00
76.00
64.00

64.50
77.00
63.00

68.00

1

_

1

-

_
—

-

-

18

53.00- 64.50
53.00 - 64.50
5 1.00 - 59.00
5 0.50 - 59.00

_
-

35
4
31

_
-

_
-

-

-

19
19

75
4
71

81
23
58

39
13
26

13
13

9

5
5

80
62

58
55

29
28

11

-

~

19
l
18

25
25

_
-

4
4

-

—
_
-

-

18

40
40

-

10

1

11

1

11

8

-

6

_

-

-

5

_
-

_
-

4
4

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

2
1
1
1

39
39

12
12

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

8

16
5

21
10
11
1

13
1
12
1

11

24

16

8

41

40
9
31

16

10
6

-

3
3

1

6

3
3

4
4

-

_
—
-

_
-

-

-

_
-

r

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

_
-

-

4

7

16

4

1

9

2

~

-

11

10
1

9
3

5
5

9
9

55

6

11

4

10
10

—

44

2

~

3

_
-

1
1

4
4

-

3

3

1
1

6
2

2

9
-

-

-

-

4

11

9

8

3

2
2

7
4

1
8

4
4

1
2

-

-

—

5

34

29

17
5

2

5

34

29

9

5

2

7

1

-

7

9
-

25
16

35

11

3
2

7

9

9

27

-

12

2

-

2

1

1

-

-

27
18

8

-

11

1

3

-

3

_
-

~

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex. , N o v e m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings^
(standard)
Number Average
weekly
of
hours1
workers
(standard) Mean2

$

$

it

$

o
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time■weekly earnings <f—
$
i
l1
f
c
$
t
il
$
$
$
•
1
it
95 100 105
65
85
70
75
90
80
110 115
60

Median2

Middle range2

$

45

50

55

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

40

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

—

—

—

19
3
16

34
15
19

19
9
10

6
5
1

5
1
4

15
7
8

7
3
4

2
—
2

7
2
5

13
13
~

11
6
5

4
4
~

-

-

_
—

4
4

10
10

2
2

22
5
17

18
18

11
11

14
3
11

5
2
3

7
7

3
3
“

9
9
“

38
35
3

23
23

-

-

•

22
11
11

8
7
1

—

4
4

14
14

46
46

3
3

-

1
1

-

1

-

3

i

$

-

-

|
135|
!
and'

19

Under
$
and
40
tinder

120

125

130

120

125

130

135

over

—

~

—
~

~

-

-

-

-

“

—
~

-

-

-

18
17
1
1

WOMEN - CONTINUED$
65.00
76.00
61.00

57.50- 90.00
60.00- 97.50
55.50- 79.00

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

142
68
74

40.0
40.0
40.0

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLAS S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

166
8C
86

40.0 88.00 87.50 71 .00-107.50
40.0 104.0C 107.50 104.00-111.00
73.00 66.50- 81.50
40.0
73.50

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

22C
127
93

40.0
40.0
40.0

78.00
87.50
65.50

73.00
95.50
66.00

6 4 . 5C- 98.50
73.00-102.00
61.50- 69.50

-

_
-

_
“

13
7
6

16
5
11

28
4
24

38
5
33

27
20
7

OF FI CE GIRLS -------------------------NONMANUFACTUR ING

71
46

40.0
40.0

67.50
59.50

59.50
56.50

54.0C- 90.50
53.00- 61.50

_

_

1

20
19

17
1c

10
1f\
IU

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4---------------

738
293
445
102

91.00
40.0 94.00
40.0 106.50 115.00
40.0
85.50 86.00
98.50
40 .0 99.CO

78.00-112.00
90.50-122.00
73 .5 0- 95.00
89.50-108.00

—

-

-

_
-

9
9

34
7
27

51
3
48
4

57
18
39

57
19
38
1

60
12
48
7

88
13
75
15

77
28
49
15

48
14
34
14

41
9
32
14

22
6
16
12

26
17
9
9

46
38
8
5

86
82
4
1

9
4
5
1

9
6
3
3

STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S4---------------

521
340
94

40.0
40.0
40 .C

67 .50- 97.50
66.00- 81.00
7 2 .0 0- 89.50

_
—
~

_
—
~

_
-

10
8

10
7
~

56
51
~

116
101
20

53
51
9

27
25
11

66
53
19

20
16
14

14
13
6

37
-

48
2
2

59
8
8

5
5
5

_
-

~

—
~

—
-

_
-■
“

-

2

2

11

13

-

7
6

4
4

—

12.50
77.00
68.00

81.00
74.00
83.00

78.00
70.50
82.00

-

-

1

*

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ----

41

40.0 101.5C 1C7.50

89.00-111.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3

6

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

113
105

41.5
41.5

58.00
57.00

54.00
53.00

49 .U0- 65.00
48 .5 0- 64.00

5 15
15

_

17
17

33
33

1

20
18

4
3

3
2

5
5

1
-

3
2

SWITCHBOARO OP ER AT OR -R EC EP TIONISTSMANUF AC T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

139
60
79

40.5
40.0
41.C

69.50
70.50
68.50

70.00
73.00
68.00

64.00- 76.50
66.00- 77.00
63.00- 75.50

_
-

-

_
-

3
3

13
4
9

23
10
13

32
5
27

25
19
6

32
18
14

11
4
7

TAEULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

30
25

40.0
40.0

86.50
85.50

91.50
91.00

78.00- 94.50
78.00- 93.50

-

-

-

1
1

~

3
2

-

-

—
“

6
6

-

TR AN SCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

250
153

40.0
40.0

62.00
60.50

61.50
59.00

55.50- 65.50
54.00- 64.00

6
6

52
42

43
36

84
39

32
17

13
4

12
5

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 -------------------------------------------

267
53
214
48

40.0
40.0
4C.0
40.0

74.50
90.50
70.50
74.50

69.50
97.00
68.50
73.00

65.00- 83.50
82.00-101.00
64.50- 74.50
6 9 .0 0- 78.50

22
6
16

40

75

40

1

75
14

20
4
16

10

—

38
6
32
16

10

—

70
363

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

59.00
59.50
59.00
69.50

57. 50
56.50
57.50
67.50

53.0C 53.0053.0059.00—

68

38

17

9

2

7

6

15
13

2

-

-

“

~

_

_

_

2

—

-

—
—

-

-

13
13

4

—

-

-

4

~

“

~

-

.
f

n

acc

a
O

—

.
—. —

—

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------P lU D L 1 C
r lf tl f r

1 1 1L I 1 I C O . — —
UI T TI I T T P C * — . . . .

—

_
—_ _

63.50
63.50
63.50
81.00

11
-

-

_

-

-

11

2

154
30
124

113
19
94
20

6

62

11

38
5

10

8

—

14
4
10

~

20
20

2
2

-

5
2
3

11
11

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

—
-

2
2

-

-

—

—

_

-

-

-

-

-

10

5

1

13

10
10

-

_

_

-

—

-

_
_

'

'

_
-

'

10

7
7

—

-

'
t v o it o t O
1T r c l c

-

-

1
1

-

1

_

3

-|

‘ Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Th e m e a n is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the n u m b e r of workers. T h e me dian designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive Ynore
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. T h e middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth, earn m o r e
the higher rate.
* Workers we r e distributed as follows: 4 at $135 to $140; 7 at $140 to $145; 3 at $150 to $155; 2 at $160 to $165; and 2 at $165 to $170.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Workers we re distributed as follows: 9 at $25 to $30; and 6 at $35 to $40.




6
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex., N o v e m b e r 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

w oik en

(standard)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of$

Average
weekly

65
M ean2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

%

$

)

$

$

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

7?

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

-

-

4

4

12

1

-

5
5

7
7

26
20

8
6

4
4

2
2

12

1

“*

~

6

9
8
1

-

4

13
12
1

-

4

2

~

2

17
8

20
15

10
8

11
10

4
2

6
6

13
13

6
6

4
4

-

-

-

_

-

-

l

4
4

3
1

_

_

7
7

1
1

2
2

13
13

4
4

3
3

2
2

_

_

and
under
70

MEN
DRAFTSMEN* CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

97
64
33

4 0 .0
4 0 ,0
4 0 .0

$
1 1 6 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 0 2 .5 0

$
1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

$
$
1 C 8 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN* CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

103
73

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

41
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 8 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

—

“

2

”

9
1

—

_

1

_

1

2

WOMEN
NURSES. INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

_

1

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.




7
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , F o r t W orth , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard (standard)

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

d
>
«P

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number

of
woken

Weekly
hour* 1
(ftandard)

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

CONTINUED

40 .U
40.0

$
75.50
78.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

143
69
74

40.0
40.0
40.0

72.50
77.00
68.OC

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

60
47

40.0
40.0

$
83.50
83.50

37
31

39.0
39.0

60. OC
55.OC

KE YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

166
80

40.0 88.00
40.0 104.00
73.50
4U.0

TA BU LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------ — ---------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

42
42

40.0
40.0

65.00
65.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------

35

41.0

74.50

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

127
93

40.0
40.C
40.0

78.00
87.50
65.50

TRAN SCR IBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G EN E R A L -------— —— — — —— --- -— — — —
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------

250
153

40.0
40.0

62.00
&0.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------

11U
27
83

40.0
40.0
4 u.O

67.00
76.00
64.50

OF FI CE BOYS ANO GIRLS---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

173
70
103

40.0
40.0
40.0

63.50
62.00

354
140
214
106

40.0 101.50
40.0 111.50
40.0
95.00
40.0 109.00

267
53
214
48

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

74.50
90.50
70.50
74.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L IT IE S2---------------

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG - - ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES2 -------------------------------

749
297
452
109

40.0 94.50
40.C 106.50
40.0 86.50
40.0 101.00

40.5
40.0
40.5
40.0

73.00
83.OC
69.50

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

59.50
59.50
59.50
70.50

480
120
360
9C

436
70
366
69

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 ---------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L ----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG — ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------

521
340
94

40.0
40.0
40.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

61
60

40.0
40.0

60.50
60.50

SW IT CH BO AR O OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------

41

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ■
NONMANUFACTURING-

220
194

4U.0
40.0

55.50
55.50

SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B --------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

114
106

41.5
41.5

58.50
57.50

CLERKS, O R D E R ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG •

194
43
151

40.C
40.5
4C.0

79 . 5C
9 1 . 5C
76.00

SW ITCHBOARO OPERATOR-R EC EP TI ON IS TS MANUFAC T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

139
6C
79

40.5
40. U
41.0

69.50
70.50
68.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---MANUFACTURINGNONMANUF AC TU RI NG

149
54
95

40.5
40.0
41.0

84.00
90.00
80.C0

TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

68

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ! ----------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

71
54

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ! ----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

86.00

86
220

66.00

81.00
74.00
83.00

40.0 101.50

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

99
65
34

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

108
73
35

40.0
40.0
40.0

93.50
99.00
82.00
75.50

O R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S -------------------53

40.0 120.00
40.0 124.50

25

40.0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ! --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

41
38

40.0 118.00
40.0 120.00

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




40.0 116.50
40.0 124.00
40.0 102.50

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d i v is i o n , F o r t W 6 rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1

$

i

i

I

$

I

!

$

1

I

I

$

i

I

i

s

I

I

I

I

«

i

„ , 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.50 3.60 3-70 3.80
Under
S
and
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_1_.70 under —
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
—
-

O ccupation and industry division
M ean1
2

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2..0 2.50 2.60 2.T0 2.60 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40 3.S0 3.60 3.70 S.»0

CARPENTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

81
60

$
2.92
3.16

$
3.19
3.32

$
$
2.25- 3.35
3.16- 3.37

ELECTRICIANS, M A I N T E N A N C E ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

242
207

3.49
3.51

3.62
3.63

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

104
57
47

3.00
3.34
2.58

HELPERS, MA IN TE NA NC E TRA0ES —
— — —
—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

97
72

MACHINISTS, M A I N T E N A N C E ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

-

2
2

—

2
2

3
1

13
1

1

2
1

4

2
1

—

—

—

—

—

13
13

3
3

31
31

“

—
~

5
5

—
*
*

—
~

3.41- 3.67
3.46- 3.68

_

_

1

_

_

1

_

2

_

_

7
7

1

2
2

7
6

17
17

_
“

8
8

14
8

9

31
10

115
115

27
27

-

-

3.26
3.36
2.49

2.54- 3.39
3.30- 3.47
2.19- 2.87

4
—
4

_
-

6
1

—

_
-

2
—
2

26
26

5
5

6

6
6

—

6
6

1

_
—

6
6

5

12
3
9

’

1.97“ 2.73
2.07- 2.79

3

8
6

2
2

16
16

'

2.29
2.36

10
10

“

2.27
2.38

124
117

3.39
3.38

3.52
3.52

3.18- 3.63
3.18- 3.63

3
3

9
9

1
1

_

10
10

25
21

41
41

-

“

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
I MAINTENANCE ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

170
65.
1C5
89

2.55
2.73
2.44
2.48

2.37
2.58
2.36
2.36

2.172.192.092.31-

2.95
3.26
2.82
2.82

6
6

—
-

2
2

12

7
7

—
—
~

—

—
—

—
—
~

MECHANICS, M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N U NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

201
172
29

2.90
2.93
2.72

2.79
2.79
2.82

2.45- 3.44
2.47- 3.45
2.27- 3.09

_
—

_
-

_
-

11
7
4

18
18

-

-

MI LL WR IG HT S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

57
57

2.98
2.98

3.12
3.12

2.75- 3.19
2.75- 3.19

-

-

-

-

-

~

OILERS --------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g —— — — — — — — —
—
— —— —

50
50

2.65
2.65

2.70
2.70

2.37- 2.85
2. 37— 2.85

-

PAINTERS, M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M AN U FAC TUP I N G ---------------------

61
51

3.07
3.21

3.15
3.16

3.10- 3.21
3.12- 3.25

_

TOOL ANC 0IE MAKERS ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

226
226

3.54
3.54

3.64
3.64

3.53- 3.72
3.53- 3.72

_

_

1
1
3

2

2
-

2
-

_

_
‘
13
6

2
1
1

_
—

5
5

9
4

8
3

_
"
17
17

6
6
-

24
4
20
20

7
7
-

4
4
-

49

4
4

4
4

8
6
2

18
10
8

1
1
~

_

-

4
4

-

_

-

_

-

-

1

_
-

_

-

_

8
41
41

12
—
12

1

1
1
29
25
_
-

1

2
”

3

5
5

11
5
6

2
15
15

1

"

1

—
1
1

8
8

_

27

1
1

2
2

9
9

-

~

—
~

-

—

18
18

37
35

“

2

20
20

5
5

-

-

6

~

6

31
31

4

1

-

-

3

5
—

6
6

4
-

6
6

3
3

3
3

_

4
4

3
3

13
13

_

_

2
2

3
3
-

15

_

_

-

-

4

5
10
10

-

-

-

_

3
3

2

6
6

28
28

18

1

5
5

—

_

-

—

“

12
11
u

~

12
10

—
~

15
*
"

1

22
22

12
12

-

6

_
“

—

~

4

-

_

1
~

15
15

-

3
3
’

1

3
3

1

1 E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 F or definition o f te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 T ran sportation, com m unication, and other public u tilities.




6
—
6

7

4
4

2

4

-

~
-

2
2

~

-

10
10

~

-

28
28

91
91

25
25

35
35

—

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1965)
Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN MANUFACTURING--NONMANUFACTURING ----------guards:

MANUFACTURING--------------

watchmen:

MANUFACTURING

Under
M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range3

0 .8 0

and
0 .8 0 under
•90

.9 0

1
$
%
1.00 1.10 1.20

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
S
$
$
%
$
S
%
$
%
$
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1
.,50 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1•80 1.9 0 2. OC 2. 10 2.20 2.,30 2 .4 0

74
74

$
1 .0 4
1.04

i_
$
C .7 0 - 1 .2 7
.70- 1.27

420

1.21

43 2
334
98

2.33
2.61
1.37

2.91
2.93
1.27

1.38- 2.96
2.69- 2.98
1.23- 1.35

_
—
~

267

2.88

2.95

1.10 1.20

1 .3 0 1.4C 1 .5 0

2.91- 2.98

$

1.21

2. 50

$
$
%
$
2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0

2. 6C

2.8C 3 .0 0 3.2C 3 .4 0

%

$

o
o
r-«

ELEVATOR OPERATORS. PASSENGER
iMOfiEMi- i
NONMANUFACTURING ----

of
woikeis

$

S

Number

20

15
15

—
-

—
-

—
-

29
29

6
6

-

—
~

-

_
-

93
21
72

18
13
5

~

—
~
5
5

1. 60

1 .7 0 1 .8 0

19
17
2

4
4

—
~

1

13
3
10

—

2 .3 0

2. 40

2 .5 0

1
8
8

_
—
“

—
-

—
-

—

3
3

—
-

—

_
-

_
~

_
-

_
~

1
1

5
5

29
29
"

200
200
~

37
37
”

5

—
-

—

1.9 0 2• 2. 10 2. 20
00

29

200

32

1

—

—
-

1.53

1.39

1.28- 1.58

-

-

-

-

-

21

13

4

17

4

_
~

1.78
2.10
1.38
1.88

1.63
2.26
1.32
1.93

1.321.591.221.61-

2.39
2.50
1.60
2.08

27
27

23
23

2
2
~

18
18

14
14
~

164
23
141
~

79
40
39
3

90
55
35
9

86
33
53
9

87
31
56
18

46
43
3
2

11
4
7
2

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS
CWOMEN I -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

100
80

1.38
1.31

1.27
1.27

1.24- 1.35
1.23- 1.30

_

_

72
61

8
6

8
8

2
2

1
1

1
1

LABORERS. MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES5-----

999
534
465
95

1.76
1.93
1.56
2.16

1.53
1.86
1.39
2.13

1.361.441.331.92-

ORDER FILLERS -----------MANUFACTURING---------NONMANUFACTURING-------

281
54
227

1.76
1.87
1.74

1.76
1.93
1.76

PACKERS. SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING

194
149

2.06
2.23

PACKERS. SHIPPING {WOMEN)
MANUFACTURING--------

206
194

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING---------NONMANUFACTURING-------

-

66
66
“

24
11
13
13

116
114
2
2

20
20
”

123
123
-

2
2
2

_
~

~

1
1

4

_

_

3
-

_

_

_

3

1.052
586
466
91

_

—.
-

5

67

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES5-----------

_

—

23
13
10
10

_

25
4
21
21

6
6
~

_

-

“

-

_
-

—
—

-

_
-

_
-

62
6
56

300
103
197

112
69
43

79
40
39
7

46
30
16
6

20
10
10
6

35
16
19
1

62
36,
26
26

8
8
-

11
5
6
6

53
53
-

36
26
10

39
22
17
17

31
16
15
15

45
40
5
5

60
54
6
6

_
-

_
-

1.56- 1.97
1.58- 2.25
1.56- 1.89

_
—

_
—
~

-

_
-

_
-

25
9
16

10
2
8

23
2
21

21
21

29
8
21

51
5
46

43
1
42

14
2
12

10
10

18
18

25
25
~

_
-

_
-

12
12

_
-

-

_
-

-

1.79
2.04

1.56- 2.92
1.72- 2.94

-

_
-

-

-

-

19
15

8
l

7
7

25
6

17
5

24
21

11
11

5
5

10
1C

_
-

2
2

_

-

6
6

_
-

60
60

_

_

1.43
1.42

1.47
1.46

1.34- 1.55
1.32- 1.54

_

_

_

_

_

43
43

24
24

49
49

74
74

4
4

12

124
39
85

2.04
2.45
1.85

2.03
2.44
1.88

1.72- 2.25
1.99- 2.94
1.64- 2.07

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
“

1
—
1

1
1

1
1

9
9

15
15

6
5
1

15
15

5
5
-

26
1
25

9
5
4

6
6

4
2
2

5
5

_
-

1
1

17
16
1

_
-

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING --------------

88
61

2 .2 8
2.47

2.51
2.63

1.93- 2.66
2.25- 2.68

_

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1
1

7
-

11
7

1
-

7
-

6

9
7

1
1

1
1

5
5

34
34

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING--------------

133
88

2.34
2.57

2.41
2.75

1.86- 2.93
2.28- 2.95

2
2

28

-

6
6

13
7

-

8
4

4
4

5
4

11
11

4
4

7
5

41
39

4
2

TRUCK DRIVERS6 ----------------MANUFACTURING-------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC UTILITIES5-------

1.081
292
789
355

2.15
2.15
2.15
2.86

1.99
2.21
1.95
3.02

1.471.511.452.64 -

45
12
33
1

89
19
70

14
14

63
25
38
~

39
39
4

40
8
32
23

14
9
5
3

20
18
2
1

45
42
3
3

1C
10
6

10
7
3
3

125
125
117

23
20
3
3

147
60
87
87

156
62
94

1.48
1.55
1.43

1.43
1.47
1.40

1.35- 1.58
1.41- 1.67
1.32- 1.48

5
5

_

1

-

-

6
6

TRUCKDRIVERS» LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) —
MANUFACTURING

See footnotes at end of table.




2.23
2.40
1.69
2.52

2.92
2.94
2.78
3.22

“

_
~

_
-

~

-

6
6

_
—
-

~

-

“

~

_
-

6

_

-

-

-

6

-

26
26
“

13
-

13

180
42
138

81
30
51

**

**

41
12
29

57
a9
28

_
-

~

23
9
14

_
-

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

5
5

1
1

_
~

_
104
104
104
_
-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex., N o v e m b e r 1965)
N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
(
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
6
$
0.80
.90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1 . 50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.0 0 2.1 0 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20
Under
$
and
0. 80 under
•90 1.00 1.10 1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1. 60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2,10 2,20 ? ^ Q

?,40 2.50 2.60 2.80 3.00 3 . 2 0 3 . 4 0

TR UC K D R I V E R S 6 - CONTINUED.
TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S5---------------

440
64
376
121

$
1.87
1.85
1.87
2.59

$
1.67
1.69
1.67
2.65

$
1.381.531.382.62 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY COVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ______________ _____

16C
89

2.17
2.39

2.06
2.35

405
2 83

2.35
2.54
1.91

2.36
2.82
1.91

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

122

$
2.60
2.25
2.62
2.67

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

121
12
109

10
1
9
~

1.86- 2.38
A—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

1.91- 2 . SI
2.22- 2.94
1.78- 2.04

.
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
6 at $0.3 0 to $ 0 .4 0 ; 3 at $ 0 .5 0 to $ 0 .6 0 ; 10 at $0.6 0
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s i z e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




.
-

12
12

8

1

-

-

8

1

10
2
8

53
8
45

12
12
-

20
2
18
-

16
—
16
1

10
2
8
8

5
3
2

19
18
1

_

3

112
111

8

44
12
32
1

-

30
1A
io

20

14

-

1

42

1

7

9
5
4

25
13
12

33
9
24

33

28
22
6

18
6
12

9
9

29
29

10

to $ 0 .7 0 ; and 1 at $ 0 .7 0 to $ 0 .8 0 .

-

33.

3

10

6
6

28
28

112

5
1
4

.
.
.
1
1
&
.
141
141

.

.
—

.
-

_
.
-

22

99
C.C.

.

3
3

3
3

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’ s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woric. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A , Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL

A ND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A , Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the# effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAIN TENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing a ccid e n t reports for com pen sation

or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in die construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequen ce;

and m aking necessary adjustments during operation to

achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment* Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment*
Woik involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines*
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the followings Planning and laying
out of the woik; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die makers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of p&rts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker*s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A woiker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining- necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleik
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job) analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order a s BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1965- 45 cents a copy.

Area Wage Surveys*
A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lletin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d ir e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a tes o f e a r lie r s tu d ie s, and the p r ic e s o f the bu lletin s is
a v a ila b le on re q u e st. B u lletin s m a y b e p u rch a se d f r o m the S u perin ten den t o f D o cu m e n ts , U. S. G ov ern m en t P rin tin g O ffic e , W ashington, D . C . , 20402,
o r fr o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o f fic e s show n on the in sid e fr o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin n u m ber
and p r ic e

A rea

B u lletin n um ber
and p r ic e

A k ron , O hio, June 1965___________________________________
A lb a n y— ch e n e cta d y — r o y , N. Y . , A p r . 1965___________
S
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M ex. , A p r . 1 9 6 5 ---------------------------------A llen tow n — e th le h e m — a ston , P a . — J . , F e b . 1965—
B
E
N.
A tlanta, G a ., M ay 1965___________________________________
B a lt im o r e , Md. , N ov. 1964 1 ____________________________
B ea u m on t— o r t A rth u r, T e x ., M ay 1 9 6 5 ----------------------P
B irm in g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1965 1__________________________
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1 9 6 5 --------------------------------------------B o sto n , M a s s ., O ct. 1965 * ______________________________

1 4 3 0 -7 8 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 4 3 0-6 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 4 3 0-7 4 ,
1 4 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 4 3 0-6 6 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5-1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

25
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
20
30

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts

M ilwaukee, W is ., A pr. 1965 1--------------------------------------M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1965 1 ____________
M uskegon— uskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1965________
M
Newark and J ersey City, N .J ., Feb. 1965_____________
New Haven, C on n ., Jan. 1965--------------------------------------New O rleans, L a ., F eb. 1965 1 ________________________
New York, N. Y ., A pr. 1965 1 _________________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and Newport News—
P
Hampton, Va. , June 1965 1 -----------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1965_____________________

1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1430-80,

25
30
20
25
25
30
40

1430-77,
1465-5,

25 cents
20 cents

B u ffa lo , N. Y . , D e c . 1964 1_______________________________
B u rlin g ton , Vt. , M a r. 1965 1 ------------------------------------------Canton, O hio, A p r . 1 9 6 5 __________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W. V a . , A p r . 1965__________________________
C h a rlo tte , N . C . , A p r . 1965______________________________
C h attan ooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1965-----------------------------C h ica g o , 111., A p r . 1965 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y. , M a r. 1965________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1965---------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1965_______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , N ov. 1965__________________________________

1 4 3 0-3 6 ,
1 4 3 0-5 1 ,
1 4 3 0-5 9 ,
1 4 3 0-6 5 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 3 0 -7 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -5 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

30
25
20
20
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts

Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1965 * ______________________
P aterson—
Clifton— assa ic, N. J . , May 1965___________
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J . , Nov. 1964 1__________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1965_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1965 1___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 19651__________________________
Portland, O r e g .—
Wash. , May 1965_____________________
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R. I .— a s s ., May 1965 1 _______
M
Raleigh, N. C . , Sept. 1965 1------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964_____________________________
R ockford, 111., May 1965_______________________________

1465-13,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1465-23,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1465-10,
1430-19,
1430-63,

25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

D a v e n p o rt— o ck Islan d— olin e, I o w a R
M
I l l . , O ct. 1965____________________________________________
D ayton , O hio, Jan. 1965__________________________________
D e n v e r, C o l o ., D e c . 1 9 6 4 ------------------------------------------------D es M oin e s, Iow a, F e b . 1965____________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1965 1 ______________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x ., N ov. 1965____________________________
G re e n Bay, W is . , Aug. 1965--------------------------------------------G r e e n v ille , S. C . , M ay 1965---------------------------------------------H ouston, T e x ., June 1965_________________________________
In dia n a p olis, Ind. , D e c . 1964____________________________

1 4 6 5 -1 6 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 1 ,
1 4 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 4 3 0 -4 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -4 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 3 0 -6 9 ,
1 4 3 0-8 2 ,
1 4 3 0-3 0 ,

20
25
25
20
30
20
20
20
25
25

ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
ce n ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

St. Louis, M o .—
111., Oct. 1965_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 1964 * --------------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., June 1965 1_________________________
San B ernardino— iv ersid e—
R
Ontario, C a lif.,
Sept. 19651-------------------------------------------------------------------San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1965__________________________
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1____________
San J ose, C a lif., Sept. 1965 1__________________________
Savannah, G a ., May 1965______________________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 19651-------------------------------------------Seattle— verett, W ash ., Oct. 19651----------------------------E

1465-22,
1430-33,
1430-81,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1465-20,
1465-21,
1430-37,
1465-19,
1430-64,
1465-3,
1465-9,

30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents

1 4 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 4 3 0-3 8 ,
1 4 3 0-2 6 ,
1 4 3 0-7 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 ,
1 4 3 0-5 7 ,
1 4 3 0 -4 2 ,
1 4 3 0-7 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 ,
1 4 3 0-4 0 ,
1 4 3 0 -2 9 ,

20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25
25

cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts
cen ts

Sioux F alls, S. D a k ., Oct. 19651______________ ____ ___
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1965___________________________
Spokane, W ash ., June 1965 1___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651 ______________________________
Trenton, N. J . , D ec. 1964 1 ____________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a ., Oct. 1965________________
V
W aterbury, C on n ., M ar. 1965_________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1965_____________________________
Wichita, K an s., O ct. 1965______________________________
W orcester, M a s s ., June 1965_________________________
Y ork, P a ., F eb. 1965----------------------------------------------------Youngstown— arren, Ohio, Nov. 1965 1 _______________
W

1465-17,
1430-54,
1430-79,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1465-14,
1430-49,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,
1465-25,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

J a ck s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1965_______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Jan. 1965 1 --------------------------------------K ansas C ity, M o .— a n s ., N ov. 1 9 6 4 -----------------------------K
L a w re n ce — a v e rh ill, M a s s .— H ., June 1965-------------H
N.
L ittle R o ck — orth L ittle R ock , A rk . , A u g. 1965-----------N
L o s A n g e le s — on g B ea ch , C a l i f . , M a r. 1965 1 ___________
L
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., F e b . 1965 1_______________________
In
L u b b ock , T e x ., June 1 9 6 5 ________________________________
M a n ch e s te r, N. H. , Aug. 1965____________________________
M e m p h is, T e r m ., Jan. 1965______________________________
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1964__________________________________
M idland and O d e s s a , T e x --------------------------------------------------

(Not previously surveyed)

* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102