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A rea Wage S urvey

The Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area
October 1965

Bulletin

!\o .

1465-12




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S
A rth u r M. Ross, Commissioner




Area Wage Survey
The Boston, M assachusetts, M etropolitan Area




October 1965

Bulletin No. 1465-12
December 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20 402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f an n u al
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s i s d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e ^ and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta by s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s stu d ie d , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , an d fo r the
U n ited S t a t e s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m i s
the n eed fo r g r e a t e r in sig h t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y a n d s k i l l l e v e l, an d (2) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

In tro d u ctio n ________________________________________________________________
W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ___________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ie d . A ft e r
co m p le tio n o f a l l o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s fo r a
roun d of s u r v e y s , a tw o - p a r t su m m a r y b u lle tin i s is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f the m e tr o p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ie d into one b u lle tin . T h e se c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo rm a tio n w h ich h a s b ee n p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
ro p o lita n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to ec o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U n ited S t a t e s .

B.

E ig h ty - fiv e a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s i s c o lle c t e d
a n n u ally in e a c h a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s i s o b ta in e d b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
B o sto n , M a s s . , in O cto b e r 1965. T h e S ta n d a r d M e tro p o lita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d by the B u r e a u o f the B u d g e t
th ro u gh M a r c h 1965, c o n s is t s o f S u ffo lk C ou n ty , 15 c o m ­
m u n itie s in E s s e x C oun ty , 30 in M id d le s e x C ou n ty , 20 in
N o r fo lk C oun ty , and 9 in P ly m o u th C oun ty. T h is stu d y w a s
co n d u cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in B o sto n , M a s s . ,
W en dell D . M a c D o n a ld , D ir e c t o r ; by L e o E p s t e in , u n d e r
the d ir e c tio n o f P a u l V . M u lk e rn , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and I n d u s t r ia l R e la tio n s .




1
4

E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ithin sc o p e o f su r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ___________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e ek ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , an d p e r c e n ts o f
i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ___________________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :*
A - l . O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s— e n and w o m e n _______________________
m
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s— e n and w o m e n ..
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s—
m e n an d w o m en c o m b in e d ________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n ce an d p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s__________________
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________
E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :*
B - l . M in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m en o ffic e w o r k e r s _
_
B - 2 . S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ___________________________________________
B - 3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________
B - 4 . P a i d h o lid a y s _______________________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a t i o n s ______________________________________________
B - 6 . H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , an d p e n sio n p la n s_____________________
B - 7 . H ea lth in s u r a n c e b e n e fits p ro v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
th e ir d e p e n d e n ts___________________________________________
B - 8 . P r o f it - s h a r in g p l a n s _______________________________________

A p p e n d ix e s:
A . C h a n g e s in o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t io n s _____________________________
B . O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t io n s _________________________________________

9.r e a s .

* N O T E : S i m i la r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le fo r oth er
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r .)

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s in the B o sto n a r e a a r e a l s o
a v a ila b le f o r au to d e a le r r e p a i r sh o p s (A u g u st 1964),
b an k in g (N o v e m b e r 1964), c o n tr a c t c le a n in g s e r v i c e s (Ju n e
1965), flu id m ilk (S e p te m b e r 1964), fo ld in g p a p e r b o a r d
b o x e s (M ay 1965), w o m e n 's c e m e n t p r o c e s s (co n v en tio n a lla ste d ) s h o e s (A p r il 1965), an d the m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s
(A p r il 1965). U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g p ay
l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le fo r b u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p rin tin g ,
l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s
and h e lp e r s .
Hi

3
4
5
10
11
13
14
17
18
19
20
21
23
24
25
27
29




Area W age Survey---The Boston, Mass., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
r e p o r te d , a s fo r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s, r e f e r e n c e i s to the w ork
sc h e d u le s (ro u n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w eek ly e a r n in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a tio n s h ave
b een roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 of 85 in w hich the U. S. D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s co n d u cts s u r v e y s of o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d w age b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , d a ta
w e re o b tain ed by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u fie ld e c o n o m ists to r e p r e ­
se n ta tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin s i x b r o a d in d u str y d i v i s i o n s : M an u ­
fa c t u r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l it i e s ;
w h o le sa le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
se rv ic e s.
M a jo r in d u str y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d fr o m th e se s tu d ie s a r e
g o v ern m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r of w o r k e r s a r e
o m itted b e c a u s e they tend to fu r n ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu sio n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e
p ro v id e d fo r e a c h of the b ro a d in d u str y d iv is io n s w hich m e e t p u b ­
lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

The a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o site , a re a w id e e s t i ­
m a te s.
I n d u s tr ie s and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d if f e r in p ay le v e l and jo b
sta ffin g and, th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s t im a t e s fo r ea c h jo b .
The p ay r e la tio n sh ip o b ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w age s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d am on g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S im ila r ly , d if f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls
fo r m en and w om en in any of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh ou ld not be
a s s u m e d to r e f le c t d if f e r e n c e s in p ay tr e a tm e n t of the s e x e s within
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O th er p o s s ib l e f a c t o r s w hich m a y c o n tr ib ­
u te to d if f e r e n c e s in p ay fo r m e n and w om en in c lu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s io n w ithin e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , sin c e only the a c tu a l r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d if f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r ­
fo rm e d , alth o u gh the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c l a s s i f i e d w ithin the
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n .
Jo b d e s c r ip t io n s u se d in c la s s if y in g
e m p lo y e e s in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se
u se d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s
am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r fo r m e d .

T h e se s u r v e y s a r e co n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv ed in su r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
obtain op tim um a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p ro p o rtio n of
l a r g e than of s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is stu d ie d . In co m b in in g the d a ta ,
ho w ev er, a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w eigh t. E s ­
t im a te s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s re la tin g to a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u stry g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r th o se b elo w the m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m en t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in
a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ithin the sc o p e of the stu d y and not the n u m b er
a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e
am o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m en t o b ­
ta in e d fr o m the sa m p le of e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e only to in d ic a te
the r e la t iv e im p o rta n c e of the jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e se d if f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r ia l l y a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y of the
e a r n in g s d a ta .

O cc u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e co m m o n to a v a r ie t y
of m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fac tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f the
follow in g t y p e s : ( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in te n a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O cc u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n ifo rm s e t of jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e sig n e d to ta k e a cc o u n t of in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ithin the sapne jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p en d ix B .
E a r n in g s d a ta fo r so m e of
the o c c u p a tio n s l is t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) e m p lo y m en t in the o c c u p a tio n i s too s m a ll
to p ro v id e enough d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i ­
b ility of d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a t a .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s) on se le c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s a s they
r e la t e to p la n t and o ffic e w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o rk f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " P la n t w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w o rk in g fo r e m e n and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g
le a d m e n and t r a in e e s ) en g a g e d in n o n o ffice fu n c tio n s. "O ffic e w o rk ­
e r s " in c lu d e w o rk in g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
fo rm in g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s. C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and ro u tem en
a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in clu d ed in n onm anu ­
fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e show n fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i .e ., th o se h ire d to w o rk a r e g u la r w eek ly sc h e d u le
in the g iv en o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s if i c a t i o n . E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p ay fo r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s, and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p ro d u ctio n b o n u s e s a r e ex c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - liv in g
b o n u se s and in c en tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W here w eek ly h o u rs a r e




1

2
M in im um e n tra n c e s a l a r i e s (ta b le B - l ) r e la t e only to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v i s i t e d . Th ey a r e p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
with f o r m a l m in im u m e n tra n c e s a l a r y p o l ic ie s .
S h ift d if f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim ite d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s t r ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n i s p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s of ( l ) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l p la n t
w o rk e r em p lo y m en t, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly em p lo y e d on the s p e c if ie d s h ift a t th e tim e o f the
su r v e y .
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h avin g v a r i e d d if f e r e n t ia ls , the am ou n t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w a s u se d o r , if no am ou n t a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w hich so m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a t e s , a d if f e r e n t ia l w a s r e c o r d e d
only if it a p p lie d to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The sc h e d u le d w eek ly h o u rs (ta b le B - 3 ) of a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s t a b lis h m e n t . P a id h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a t io n s ; h e alth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s ; and p r o f it - s h a r in g
p la n s (t a b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t ic a ll y on the b a s i s
th at th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a l l p la n t o r o ffic e w o r k e r s if a m a jo r ity
of su c h w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c ­
t ic e s lis t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in t a b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e of ro u n d in g.
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim ite d to d a ta on h o li­
d a y s g ra n te d an n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p ro v id e d fo r
in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) h av e b ee n e s t a b lis h e d by c u sto m .
H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in clu d e d ev en though they m a y f a l l on a non­
w o rk d ay , ev en if the w o rk e r i s not g ra n te d a n o th er d a y o ff. The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r of w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . The se c o n d p a r t c o m b in e s w hole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
The s u m m a r y of v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B -5 ) i s lim ite d to
f o r m a l p o l ic ie s , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n t s w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith p ay is g ra n te d a t the d is c r e t io n of the e m p lo y e r .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n - s a v in g s p la n s and th o se w hich o ffe r " e x te n d e d " or
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyond b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g
len g th s o f s e r v i c e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a r e p la n s in the st e e l,
alu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r ie s . S e p a r a t e e s t im a t e s a r e p ro v id e d a c ­
c o rd in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in co m p u tin g v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts, su c h a s
tim e p a y m e n ts, p e r c e n t of an n u al e a r n in g s , o r fla t- su m a m o u n ts. H ow­
e v e r, in the ta b u la tio n s of v a c a tio n p ay , p a y m e n ts not on a tim e b a s i s
w e re c o n v e rte d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x a m p le , a p ay m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
of ann u al e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d a s the e q u iv a le n t of 1 w eek ’ s p ay .

w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n sa tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r ity , and r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
S u ch p la n s in c lu d e th o se u n d e rw ritte n by a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e
co m p an y and th o se p ro v id e d th ro u gh a union fund o r p a id d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e ra tin g fu n d s o r f r o m a fund s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d a s a fo r m o f lif e in ­
s u r a n c e . S e le c te d h e a lth in s u r a n c e b e n e fits p ro v id e d e m p lo y e e s and
d e p e n d en ts a r e a l s o p r e s e n te d .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e i s lim ite d to th at ty pe o f
in s u r a n c e u n d er w hich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w eek ly o r m onthly b a s i s d u rin g i ll n e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n i s p r e s e n te d f o r a l l su c h p la n s to w hich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H ow ever, in New Y o rk and New J e r s e y , w hich
h av e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s, * p la n s a r e in c lu d e d only if the e m p lo y e r ( l ) c o n ­
2
tr ib u t e s m o r e th an i s le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w hich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts of the la w . T a b u la tio n s
of p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w hich p r o v id e
fu ll p ay o r a p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ’ s p ay d u rin g a b se n c e fr o m w o rk
b e c a u se of illn e s s .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
( l ) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll p a y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) p la n s
w hich p ro v id e e ith e r p a r t i a l p ay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n
to th e p r e s e n ta t io n o f the p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s who a r e p ro v id e d
s i c k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p lica te d
to ta l is show n o f w o r k e r s who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e f it s .
C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e t im e s r e f e r r e d to a s e x te n d ed
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o se p la n s w hich a r e d e sig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e of s i c k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyond
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o sp ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g i c a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p ro v id in g f o r c o m p le te o r p a r t i a l
p ay m en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . Su ch p la n s m a y b e u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p ro fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m a y
be s e l f - i n s u r e d . T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n sio n p la n s a r e lim ite d
to th o se p la n s th at p r o v id e m onth ly p a y m e n ts fo r the r e m a in d e r of
the w o r k e r 's lif e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d fo r a l l h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
p la n s (t a b le s B - 6 and B - 7 ) fo r w hich a t l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is
b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, e x c e p tin g only le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch a s

P r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s (ta b le B - 8 ) a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e fin ite f o r m u la s f o r co m p u tin g p r o f it s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
am o n g e m p lo y e e s and w h o se f o r m u la s w e re co m m u n ic a te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o f i t s . D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s fo r d is tr ib u t in g p r o f it s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u t io n of p r o f it s h a r e s w ithin a sh o r t p e r io d
a f t e r d e te r m in a tio n of p r o f i t s ; (2) d e f e r r e d d is tr ib u tio n of p r o fit s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c if ie d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r a t r e t ir e m e n t ; (3) c o m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p la n s ; and (4) e le c tiv e d is tr ib u tio n p la n s, u n d er
w hich e a c h p a r tic ip a n t is r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t w h eth er to tak e h is s h a r e
of the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o fit in c a s h , h av e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

* An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d i n B o s t o n ,

M ass.

b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 O c to b e r

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y
W ith in s c o p e
o f s tu d y *

S t u d ie d
T o ta l4

S t u d ie d

P la n t
N u m ber

A l l d i v i s i o n s ------------------------------------

1 T h e B o s to n S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S
M i d d l e s e x C o u n t y , 20 i n N o r f o l k C o u n t y , a n d 9
c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e in c l u d e d i n
e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o ta l4

1 ,4 0 1

287

4 5 6 ,1 0 0

100

2 5 7 ,9 0 0

9 9 ,5 0 0

2 5 3 ,9 4 0

100

449
952

88
199

2 0 5 ,9 0 0
2 5 0 , 200

45
55

1 3 3 ,0 0 0
1 2 4 ,9 0 0

2 9 ,6 0 0
6 9 ,9 0 0

1 1 0 ,0 6 0
1 4 3 ,8 8 0

100
50
100
50
50

61
24 5
168
201
277

28
48
43
38
42

4 1 ,5 0 0
2 7 ,4 0 0
7 7 ,4 0 0
5 5 ,1 0 0
4 8 ,8 0 0

9
6
17
12
11

2 3 ,3 0 0
13, 200
5 9 ,5 0 0
6 2 ,1 0 0
2 6 ,8 0 0

8 ,2 0 0
7 , 100
1 0 ,0 0 0
3 6 ,6 0 0
8 , 000

3 4 ,0 2 0
8, 910
4 9 ,7 5 0
3 3 ,4 4 0
1 7 ,7 6 0

---------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g . ----- — __ ------------------------ -------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5 ------ ------------ ----- __
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e --- ----- ------------- ------------- _
R e t a i l t r a d e _. . . . . . ____
F i n a n c e _________ _________________
_______ _
S e r v i c e s ’ -----------------------------------------------------------

1 965

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

t a t is t ic a l A r e a ,
a s d e f i n e d b y t h e B u r e a u o f t h e B u d g e t t h r o u g h M a r c h 1 9 6 5 , c o n s i s t s o f S u f f o l k C o u n t y , 15 c o m m u n i t i e s i n E s s e x C o u n t y , 30 i n
in P ly m o u th C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f t h e s i z e a n d
th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w it h o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

a re

e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t i o n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l a n d t h e 1 9 6 3 S u p p le m e n t w e r e u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 In c lu d e s a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A l l o u t l e t s ( w i t h i n t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 I n c l u d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e p la n t a n d o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x ic a b s an d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
B o s t o n 's t r a n s i t s y s t e m
i s m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a t e d and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y .
6 E s t im a t e r e la t e s to r e a l e s t a t e e s t a b lis h m e n t s o n ly .
W o rk e rs fr o m
th e e n t i r e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in " a l l
in d u s t r y " e s t im a t e s in th e S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s and
and

a r c h it e c t u r a l

s e r v ic e s .




F o r t y - f i v e p e r c e n t o f t h e e m p l o y e e s w i t h i n s c o p e o f t h e s u r v e y in B o s t o n w e r e
e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g t a b le p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s
a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r in g :
In d u s try g ro u p

S p e c if ic in d u s t r ie s

E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y _______________ 23
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _________ 12
M a c h i n e r y ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) ___ 9
F o o d p r o d u c t s __________________________
9
P r i n t i n g a n d p u b l i s h i n g ____________
7
R u b b e r and m is c e lla n e o u s
p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s __________________
7
L e a t h e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ____ 6
In s t r u m e n t s , p h o to g r a p h ic and
o p t ic a l g o o d s , w a tc h e s and
c l o c k s ___________________________________ 6

C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____11
' A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s _______________
7
F o o t w e a r ( e x c e p t r u b b e r ) ______ 5
R u b b e r f o o t w e a r __________________
4
E le c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts
a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ________________
4

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e ,
m a t e r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d o n t h e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s s h o w n i n t a b l e
1 above.

c h a r ita b le

o r g a n iz a tio n s );

and

e n g in e e r in g

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s of s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s of ch an ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r n o r m a l h o u rs
of w o rk , th at i s , the sta n d a r d w o rk sc h e d u le fo r w hich s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id . F o r p la n t w o rk e r g r o u p s , they m e a s u r e ch a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h if t s .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o st of the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin e a c h g ro u p .
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Secretaries, included in the list of jobs in all previous years, are
excluded because of a change in the description this year.

A v e r a g e w e ek ly s a l a r i e s o r a v e r a g e h o u rly e a r n in g s w e re
co m p u ted fo r eac h of the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s. The a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s
o r h o u rly e a r n in g s w e re then m u ltip lie d by e m p lo y m en t in eac h of

the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d su r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w eig h ted e a r n in g s
fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e re then to ta le d to ob tain an a g g r e g a t e fo r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io ( e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n ta g e )
of the g ro u p a g g r e g a t e fo r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e fo r the o th e r
y e a r w a s co m p u ted and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 i s
the p e r c e n ta g e of ch an ge fr o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r. The
in d e x e s w e re co m p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a t io s f o r eac h g ro u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r io d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e f f e c t s of (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e ­
su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and
c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r tio n s of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith
d iffe re n t p a y l e v e l s . C h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e ca n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a c tu a l w age c h a n g e s.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t i n c r e a s e the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r
p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c if ic o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a re d u c tio n in the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s w ould h av e the
o p p o site e ffe c t. S i m i la r l y , the m o v em en t of a h ig h -p a y in g e s t a b li s h ­
m en t out of an a r e a co u ld c a u s e the a v e r a g e e a r n in g s to d ro p , even
though no ch an ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D a ta a r e a d ju s te d w h e re n e c e s s a r y to re m o v e fr o m the in d e x e s and
p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge any s ig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d b y ch a n g e s in
sc o p e of the s u r v e y .
The u s e of c o n sta n t em p lo y m en t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
of c h a n g e s in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the d a ta . The p e r c e n ta g e s of ch an ge r e f le c t only c h a n g e s in
a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs .
T h ey a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s in sta n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su ch , o r by p re m iu m p ay
fo r o v e r tim e .

Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Boston, M ass.,
October 1965 and October 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(October 1960*100)

Percents of increase

October 1965

October 1964

October 1964
to
October 1965

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) —Skilled maintenance (men)------------Unskilled plant (men) —----------------

117.9
121.6
116.3
110.9

112.5
115.9
111.7
110.6

4 .8
4 .9
4.1
.3

2 .8
4.1
2 .4
1.2

2 .9
2 .6
3.1
2 .8

2 .5
3.8
3 .5
3 .4

3 .9
4 .5
2 .2
2 .8

4 .9
4.1
4 .7
4 .6

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en)----Industrial nurses (men and w om en)---Skilled maintenance (men)-------------Unskilled plant (men) -------------------

117.4
122.2
114.2
109.8

113.7
117.0
110.2
108.1

3.2
4 .4
3 .7
1.6

3 .8
5 .6
2 .2
2 .6

2 .9
2.1
3.1
2 .4

3; 1
4 .4
3.5
2.2

3 .3
4 .0
1.1
.7

4 .0
4 .1
4 .8
4 .6

Industry and occupational group




October 1963
to
October 1964

October 1962
to
October 1963

October 1961
to
October 1962

October 1960
to
October 1961

October 1959
to
October 1960

5
A. Occupational Earnin gs
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r se le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s try d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f—
Number
S e x , o c c u p a t io n , an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

workers

$
weekly
hours 1

Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$
45

5C

60

HEN
596
189
407
59
136
56

$
3 8 .0 1C 6 .5 0
3 8 .5 1 C 9 .5 0
3 7 .5 10 5 .5 0
3 8 . 0 1 1 0 . 5C
9 5 . CO
3 6 .C
3 9 . C 1 14.00

C L E R K S , A C CO U N T I N G , CL AS S B -------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE T RACE ---------------------------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------

375
84
291
128
53

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .C
3 8 .5
36 .5

C L E R K S , CROER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------------

655
144
511
51C

39 .0
38 .5
3 5 .5
3 9 .5

$
$
$
1 0 8 . OC
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
1 0 9 . 5C 1 0 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 7 . 5 0
9 3 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
1C 7.00
1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0 - 1 2 4 .0 0
9 5 . 5C
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0
1 2 0 . CO 1 0 1 . 5 0 - 1 2 8 . 5 0

7 9 . 5C
8 2 . 5C
7 8 . 50
7 8 . CO
7 2 . CC

7 8 .5 0
82 .0 0
7 7 . 5C
7 9 . 5C
7 3 .0 0

1 0 5 .5 0
1C 8.50
10 4 .5 0
104.5 0

1 0 8 . 5C
100 . C C
IC C .00

102.00

--------------------------------------

62

3 8 .5

9 9 . CO 1 0 3 . 5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0

831
183
648
61
69
305
178

37.5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 6 .0
39 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 3 . 5C
6 2 . CC
6 8 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 0 . 5C
6 1 . CC

5 7 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 5 6 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 5 5 .5 0 5 7 .C C -

251

88

3 8 .5
39.5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

369
104
265
126

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
36 .5

P A YRO LL

TABULA T I N G - M A C H I N E O P ERA TOR S,
C L A SS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCKMANUFACTORING -----------------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E RA T OR S ,
C L A SS B ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE

112
139

6 1 . 5C
6 3 .5 0
6 1 . OC
6 8 .5 0
62.C C
5 9 .5 0
6 1 .0 0

11 1 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 3 . CC 112.00
1 1 0 . CO 1 0 2 . C C
1 0 3 .0 0
9 9 . 5C

9
9
9
8

2
5
1
5

. CO
. CO
. CO
. CO

9 0 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
88 . 5 C
8 5 . 5C

67.5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .5
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0

8 3 .0
8 6 .5
8 2 .0
7 9 .5

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-

0 1 .0
0 3 .0
9 9 .5
92.0

0
0
0
0

0
0
0
0

O P ER AT OR S ,

MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------F I N AN CE 3 --------------------------------------------

186
78
1C 8
58

3 8 .5
39 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

7 5.C C
7 6 .5 0
74.C C
7 3 . CO

74.5
77.5
7 2 .0
7 3 .0

0
0
0
0

6
7
6
6

9
4
7
8

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B O O KK E EP I N G
M AC HI NE ) --------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------R E T A I L TRACE ----------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le ,




-

-

-

-

327
95
232
134

260

22 8
163

39.5
39.5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

3 8 .0
38 .0
3 8 .0

78.C C
7 3 .5 0
8C . C 0
86 . CO

68 . C C
6 5 .5 0
61.C C

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
75.C C
8 2 .0 0

6 5 . 5C
6 4 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 . CO7 0 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -1

5 9 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 -

8 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
0 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
73.5 0
6 6 .5 0

70

2

75

$

$
75

80

$
85

%

$
9C

95

%

$

ICC

105

$

110

$
115

%

$

$

120

125

13C

1

$

135

140

8

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

14
-

24
4
2C

36
4
32
16
4

5C
5
45

63
23
4C

56
27
29

77
37
40

70
32
33

30

1C
5
5

13

a
7

29
-

55
9
46
5
-

10
20
8

18
7

72
23
49
3
1C

_

-

12

-

21
12

15

11

15
-

4
4

15
9

-

2

-

-

1

7

7

-

-

17

11

3

4
3

34
4
15

57

11

_
-

_
-

11

-

-

-

-

7
3
4
4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
5

88
6
10

15
~

47
24

207
53
154
19
17
61
50

131
43

15
-

240
51
189
-

74
2C
54
42

25
-

18
3
15
15

12

86
2

2e

57
57

83
83

63
62

8

2

8
20
10

1

25
25
9

88

81
19
62

9

6

47
4
43
18

1C
25
17

6
10
8

8
43
15

_

_

_

_

1

3

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

~

“

~

”

1
2
2

19

_

_

_

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

1
l

8
4

~

~

_

_

-

-

-

18

4
14

6

-

-

22
12
10

~

“

“

”

-

1

6

34

5

13

29

12

17

1

9
4
69

2

8

12
10
2

-

1

12

4

-

22
2
20

1

1

_

-

-

1

-

l

1
1

_
-

_
-

54

1
54
16
38
38

48
23
25
25

30

43
43

11

14

4

14

9
7

12
8

2
2

4

6
24
24

-

_

_

-

1
1

-

_
-

62

32

14
3

11

18
44
44

5

1

1

30
30

11
11

6
6

4
4

28
28

1

-

-

4

-

-

10

26
18

13

18

8
10

5
-

1 7

11
2

5

l

9

15
“

j

6

4

11

2

5

3d

1
l

6
8
1

18

46
26

17
13

24
14
1C
9

27

7

24
16

20
17

74
16
58
29

41
17
24
17

38

45

19

i

22

-

_

23

6

8
3
5

10

12
26
15

3

-

1

6

3

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
52

10
42
26

1

2
2

8
6
”

3

4

6
1

8
8
1
1

2

_

_

_

.

2

-

-

-

2

4

-

_

-

-

4
4

.

.

51

76

75
46
29
16

22
4

23

13
5

5
l

11

20

19
15

8
4

4
4

11
11

20
20

4

-

4

-

6

_

_

.

-

-

7

4

4

18

-

1
3

2

_
_

4

-

3

18
16

5
10
9

-

2
17
3

48
31
17
1C

2
2

15

3

48
19
29
17

1

-

10
14
5
9

30
14

31

2
2

15
4

1
12

1

16

8
8
2

2

91

6
4

8
2
6
2
1

'

-

-

2

e3
24
59
27
19

_

"

8

65

-

_

2
16

"
36

15
-

18
104
58

IOC

14
-

11

11
11

95

-

-

-

90

8

17
-

-

85

2

_

_

145

8C

-

“

'

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M AC H IN E ) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------

65

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 7 . 5 0 - 1 2 1 . CO
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
9 1 . C O -119.00

-

O F F I C E BCYS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

60

_
-

0
0
0
0
0

$
70

and
55

8 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 .5
7 7 .5
7 1 .0
7 3 .5
6 7 .5

65

and
under
50

C L E R K S , A C C C U M I N G , C L A SS A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------------------

%

$

$
55

9
9
9

1
1

68
68
68

50
50
36

11

11

40
5

65
43

34
34
34

17
16
16

33

22

8
30
25

7
4

5

1

4

.

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Number of workers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Number

Average
weekly
hours 1
’standard)

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

w° * “

WOMEN -

55

60

65

70

75

8C

85

9C

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

5 C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

9C

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

-

-

1

2

22
6

19
18

—

_

_

_

_

_
_

~

1

1

35
31
4

7
-

”

45
15
30

23

l

14
i
13

3

-

7

“

115
28
87
25
4
58

104
5
99
51
7
37

77
40
37
17
-

136
55
81
52

2
2

-

_

_

_

_

20

4

33
15
4
7

5
5
-

57

53

71
3

12
12

2
1
1

3
_

52
-

178
55
123
-

17

56
-

173
46
127
4

1

2
6

6

21

15
61
46
l

45
Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

CCNTINUEC

BCCKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------NC NMA NU FA CT UR I \ G -------------------------------

183
107
76

3 8 .5
38 .5
3 8 .C

$
9C .5C
9 5 .5 0
8 3 . 50

$
9 1 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
8 3 . 5C

$
8 3 . CO9 1 .0 0 -1
8 0 .5 0 -

$
9 9 .5 0
0 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

-

620
168
452
194

7 5 . CC
8C . C 0
7 3 . CO
7 6 . 5C
65.5 0
7 1 . 50

75.5 0
8 1 . CC
7 3 . CC
7 8 .0 0
63.0 0
7 0 . OC

6 8 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 7 1 . CO5 7 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

83.5 0
8 5 . CO
8 2 .5 0
84 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

-

166

3 8 .5
3 9 .C
3*.C
3 9 .C
3 7 .5
3 7 .C

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G ^ C L A S S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A NU F A C TU R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------W H O LE SA L E T R A C E ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------------------

1 ,5 8 4
423
1, 1 6 1
372
98
21C
386
95

3 8 .C
3 9 .0
37.5
3 9 .C
39. r
3 7 .5
36 .5
3 7 .C

9 4 .5 0
9 9 . CO
9 3 . CC
9 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 4 . CC
8 5 . 5C
I C C . 50

9 4 . 5C
9 8 . CC
93.0 0
9 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 2 . 50
8 3 .5 0
1 G 1 .5 C

C L E R K S , A C C C U N T I N G , C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------WHOLE S A U L T R A C E ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A CE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------------------

2 ,5 4 2
486
2 , C56
262
542
487
130

3 8 .0
38 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .C
3 7 .5
36. 5
37 .5

7 6 . 5C
8 0 . CC
7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7C .5C
7 7 .5 0

76.5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 4 . CO
8 0 .5 0
7C .C C
7 0 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 4 . CO7 0 .5 0 -

8 6 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 9 . 5C
7 7 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A --------------------------m a n u fa c tu rin g ----------------------------N U NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------

312
65
247
17 2

3 7 .5
3 8.0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

7
8
7
7

9 . 5C
5 . CC
8 . CC
5 .5 0

8 0 . CC
78.5 0
7 7 . 5C

7
7
7
7

3 .0 0 9 . CO 1 . CO 0 .5 0 -

3 6 . OC
9 1 . OC
84.0 0
8 2 .5 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A NU F AC TO R I NG ------------------------------WH O L E SA L E T RA C E ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------------------

1 ,0 6 8
263
8C5
74
105
478
143

3 7 .5
3 9 .C
37 .5
3 9 .C
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

6 5 .0 0
66 . 5C
6 4 . 5C
68 . CO
5 7 .5 0
6 5 . CC
6 5 . 5C

6 4 . CC
6 4 . 5C
6 4 .0 0
7 2 . CC
5 7 . CC
64.5 0
64.0 0

6 0 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 5 9 . CO 6 3 . CO5 3 .5 0 5 9 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 -

7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
61.5 0
71 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

-

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------ncnm anufacturinc - -----------------------WH O LE SA L E T R A C E ----------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------

1,290
187
1, 103
79
816

37.5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 . r»

5 9 . 5C
5 3 . 5C
5 9 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
5 9 . OC

5 6 .5 0 56. 5056 .5 0 5 9 . CO5 6 .5 0 -

64.5 0
6 8 .5 0
64.0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

31
31
13

114

3 7 .0

6C .C 0
6 0 .5 0
6 0 . CC
6 2 . GO
5 9 . CO

C L E R K S , ORDE R ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N ON M AN U F A C T O R I N G ------------------------------WH O L E SA L E T RA C E ----------------------------R t T A I L T R A C E -----------------------------------

656
381
275
155
89

3 9 .C
3 9 .C
3 9 .0
3 9 .C
39 .r

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 9 . CO
8 7 . 50
66 . 5 0

7 7 . 5C
78.0 0
7 6 .5 0
8 0 . CC
6 3 . 5C

6 9 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 66 . O C 7 5 .0 0 58 .5 0 -

8 5 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
77.0 0

_
-

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------N O N M A NU F A C TO R I N G ------------------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------------------

1, C 91
538
553
142
62
117

38 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

8 1 . 5C
e c.co
8 3 . CC
7 9 . CO
8 2 . 5C
8 2 . CO

81.5 0
8 0 . OC
8 2 . 5C
8 0 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
P i . 50

7
7
7
6
7
7

91.5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 2 . CC
8 8 .0 0
95.0 0
8 7 .5 0

BCGKKEEPING-M ACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S E -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------N C NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------W H C L t S A L E T RA C E ----------------------------R E T A I L T R A DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le ,




66

86.00

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
9 0 . 0 0 - 1 0 6 . CO
8 4 .5 0 - 99.5 0
9 2 .5 0 - 98.5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 C 1 .5 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 6 . CO- 9 6 . 5 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

2 . CO 1 . CO4 .0 0 9 .5 0 3 . CO 6 . CC-

8
-

8

27
27

-

11

8

16
-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

*

1
-

1
-

1
-

38
3e
34
4

_

8

-

-

8
8
4 1
41
-

1
-

1
148
148
30
62
49
7
7
7
7

45

1
17
27

4
335
25
310

21
71
97

1

34
14
350
49
301
35
105

100

12

7

27

20

1
26
15

3
17

10

1

21

69
15
54
42

71
60
45

30
16
14
1C

12
2

172
27
145
30
7

106
35
71
19
-

27

12

12
15

7
5

l
1C
3

28
27

54
35
19

46
40

-

3
3

93
58
35
7

10
2

1

-

-

-

28
18

1
1

-

10

-

7

-

-

3

7

10
3

-

-

-

-

-

21
101
54
47
19

81
50
31

2
2

11
11

1
1

-

1
1

_

_

11
11

317
84
233
149

11
20

132
56
76
9

11

124
55
69
19
13

52
13
39
3

1

27
26
3

8
22

27

7

-

23

54

39
15
24
7

10

2
2

40

-

50

10
1
6

10

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

7

3

3

_

11

20

-

7

2
1
1
1

_
_

1
1

_
_

1

_
_

-

1
2

3
_
_

3

34

6

21

26
26
26

3
-

12
72

29
18

22
1

13
296
59
237
171
15

360
83
277
38
58
41

155
19
136

73

11

339
105
234
49
54
41
35

292
9
283
32
186

22
92
-

4C
16
24

288

565
97
468
24
430

-

5
87
24

1

311
39
27 2
29
79
99
25

37
134
29

1

-

34

1

19
69
14

157
40
117

12
211
11

68

10

16

7
61
~

3
43

325
127
198
13
17
115
53

38
3

223

45
-

1
2

111
177

12
64
52

6

102
6

25
25

91
26
65
39

33
14
19

86
21
12

126
76
50
40
fe

145
60
65
15

145
70
75
19

5
24

11
2

11

2C
1C

45

238
45
193
18
5
7

47
16
31
14

8

8
15

2

1

8
6
1

53

5

12

1

27
15

6
1

9
3

1

_

5

6

1

-

1

4

3
3
-

_

_

1

-

-

1

22

15

_

8

13

18
4
-

12

-

7

3
3

-

1
1

2
11
11

64
38
26

32
27
5

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
_
-

l
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

3

12

6
1
1

1

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

11
2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_

1
1

_
_
_

-

_

2

9
9

1
88
4C
48
32
15

85
74

11
8

6
6
_
-

1

11

l
_
-

-

-

_

11
11

11
11

11

-

3

163
75

117
51

129
43

88

66

86

28

14

7

6

7

27

27

11
21

5
8

10
10
5

-

45
14
31

-

10
4

1

-

1
1

25
14

4

4

1

-

1

-

11

4

-

-

_

-

4

_

-

3

-

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

5

2

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$

S

WCMEN -

55

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

-

4

27

-

-

-

4
-

27

“

4

26

45
Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

CONT INUE D

COMPTOMETER C PE RAT CRS -------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------R E T A I L TRADE ----------------------

887
243
644
141
375

3 7.5
38 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

$
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 . CC
7 3 . CC
7 5 . CO

$
77.5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

$
7 0 .5
7 2 .5
6 9 .5
6 7 .5
6 9 .5

0
0
0
0
0

-

$
84.5 0
8 4 . CO
8 5 .0 0
80.5 0
8 3 .5 0

1

53
2
51
15
29

121
29
92
36
41

174
63
111
32
68

137
58
79
19
57

164
40
124
3C
87

65
15
50
2
44

45
13
32
2
14

3C
1C
2C
1
4

5
1
4
1
1

46
46
1
”

7
4
3
“

4
4
”

4
3
1
l
~

1
1
“

■

“

_
-

O U P L I C A T I N G - M A C H I N E C PERAT CRS
(MIMEOGRAPH CR D I T T O ) ------------

64

3 8 .0

7 3 . CC

7 2 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 -

8 1 .5 0

-

l

2

5

20

12

4

14

5

-

958
428
530
57
89
271
74

38 .0
39 .0
37.5
37 .5
38 .0
3 6 .C
4C .C

8 1 . 5C
8 3 .5 0
7 9 . 50
8 1 . 5C
7 9 . CC
7 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

81 .5 0
8 4 . 5C
7 9 . CC
80 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

75 .0 0 7 8 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 7 6 . CO7 1 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

88 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
88 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

14
1
13
1
11
1

83
4
79
4
10
64
1

146
64
82
6
33
42
1

167
57
110
20
3
55
32

210
102

152
108
44
5
17
16
5

91
46
45
14
12
11
4

51
31
2C
4
8

29
12
17
2

9
1
8
1

-

4
4
-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

KEYPUNCH O P ER A T O R S , C LASS B MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------N CNMANUF ACT LR ING -----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------R E T A I L TRACE --------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

1 ,3 3 6
37 C
966
95
32C
269

7 0 . 5C
7 3 . 5C
6 9 . 50
7 6 .0 0
6 4 . CC
68 . 5C
6 4 . CO

6 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 7 . 5C
7 2 .5 0
63.5 0
6 9 . OC
6 5 . CC

6 3 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

7 6 .0 0
78.5 0
7 5 .0 0
9 0 . CO
72.0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

20

74

263
118
145
32
26
59
B
'

184
58
126
2
61
54
2

7C
49
21
4
3
7
3

27
8
19
1

34
7
27
20

15
8
7
-

9
2
7
-

29
29
-

5
5
4

2
2
-

_
-

1
1
-

_

6
68

264
76
188
16
35
60
49

_

-

-

120

3 8 .C
39 .0
38. C
3 9 .C
3 8 .0
3 7 .C
3 9 .5

O F F I C E G I R L S -------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------NCNMANUF AC TL RI NG -----------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------

378
59
319
74
199

37 .5
37.5
3 7 .5
38 .5
3 7 .C

6C .5C
6 2 . 5C
6C .C 0
5 9 . 5C
6 0 .5 0

5 9 . CC
5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
5 9 . 5C
5 9 . CC

5
5
5
5
5

6 5 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6, 9 3 6

38.0
38.0
37 .5
3 9 .5
33.0
37.5
3 6 .5
3 9 .5

9 9 . CC
100 .5 0
9 8 . CO
1 1 1 .5 0
10C .C C
9 2 . 5C
9 3 . 50
1 0 2 .5 0

98.5 0
9 9 .5 0
9 7 . CC
lll.C C
99.5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 4 . CC
1C 0 . C C

8 7 . C O - 1 0 9 . 50
9 0 . C O -llO .O O
8 5 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 9 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 . CC
8 9 . C O -1 0 9 .00
8 0 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

3 7 .5
38 .0
37 .5
3 7 .5
3 7.5
36 .5
3 8 .C

1 1 7 . 5 0 1 1 3 . 5C
1 2 1 . CC 1 1 7 . 0 0
1 1 5 . 5 0 1 1 0 . 5C
1 0 7 . CC 1 C 4 . 0 C
1 0 2 . 5C 1 0 4 . 5 0
1 1 4 . CO 1 1 0 . 5 C
1 3 9 . 0 0 1 4 1 . CC

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0
1 0 9 . C O -136.C C
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . CC
1 3 1 . 5 0 - 1 5 3 . CO

3 8 .0
38.0
37.5
39 .5
39.0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 9 . CC
1 1 1 .5 C
1C 6.5C
1 2 7 .0 0
1 0 3 . CC
9 9 . CC
I C C . 50
1 1 8 . CO

9 8 . C O - 1 2 1 .00
1 0 1 . C O - 1 2 2 .00
9 5 . 0 0 - 1 1 9 . CO
1 1 6 . 0 0 - 1 3 5 . CO
9 2 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 0 . OC
9 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 9 . CO
1 0 8 . 5 0 - 1 3 0 . CO

-

“

9
9

S E C R E T A R I E S 5 6-------------------------------M ANUFA CT URI NG -----------------------N CN MANUF AC TL RI NG -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

-

1

KEYPUNCH O PE RA T OR S , CL AS S A MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------n c n p a n u f a c tl r in g -------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------------------

-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A SS A6 ----------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------NCN MANUF AC TL RI NG -----------------WHOLESALE T RACE ---------------R E T A I L TRACE ---------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------------S E R V I CE S ------------------------------S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A SS B 6 -----------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------N CNMANUF ACT LRI NG -----------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------R E T A I L TRADE ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 --------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




3 , C29
3 ,9 0 7
247
463
352
1 ,8 0 2
1 ,0 4 3
452
163
289
74
6C
79

68
1 ,4 7 3
661
812
59
91
75
400
187

1 0 8 .5 0

112.00
1 0 4 .0 0
1 3 1 . CC
1 0 2 .5 0
10 0 .5 0
1 0 1 . OC
1 1 8 . CC

6 .5 0 7 . CO 6 .5 0 4 .5 0 6 .5 0 -

_

-

ice

5
9
64
3C

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

91
46
45
9
7
1
2
26

8v
27
5«°
11
16
3

48
29
19
4
l

_

4
55
9

-

15
5
-

-

339
35
304
12
125
75
58

2

33

58
4
54
14
27

42
5
37
15
19

44
5
39
6
32

1
1

“

33
19
14

189
36
153
18
106

_

_

5

-

-

-

5
-

80
11
69
9
60
-

273
45
228
4
6
19
173
26

488
177
311
8
31
53
158
61

600
271
329
4
63
42
107
113

636
249
387
13
21
36
231
86

733
317
416
15
51
4C
189
121

962
481
481
24
64
27
256
11C

822
370
452
19
79
45
2C2
107

677
364
313
33
43
21
122
94

472
223
249
26
26
11
1 21
65

343
152
191
24
16
5
71
75

301
143
158
13
14
12
62
57

169
81
88
14
18
18
14
24

119
51
68
18
6
10
12
22

66
21
45
12
2
4
27

33
6

45

75
37

44

33

27
13
14

42
21
14
7
-

30
19
11
-

17
7
10

19
4
15
2

2

0
k
32
4
2

13

10

72j

23
11
12
-

31
9

33
16
18
8l l

-

-

2
2

20

-

1

“

*

5
-

14
14
3
10
1

_

_

-

_

_

_

14

2

11

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
1C

2
-

11
7
-

1C
6

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

2

56
56

4

4

15

71
16
55

139
68
71

5
3
3
4

2

11
35
7

9
16
42
4

-

_

2

-

-

-

1
1
-

2

11
2

42
-

17
2

141
7C
71
3
2

3
6C
3

3

221
61
loO
7
34
14
90
15

38

5
19

13
7
18

5
11

3

125
64
61

189
113
76

2

2

6
33
20

3
4

41
21

4

4

3
3

27
17
1C
4

6
1

11
7

4
-

2
4

111
60
51
5
1
12
33

151
95
56
1
8
27
20

89
46
43
7
11

73
31
42
18

2

3

9
14

2

2

17

10

4
29
6

2

22

4
2

16

2°

4

1
3

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

Number of w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
t
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
125
130 135 140 145
100
70
85
105 1 10
115 120
75
80
90
95

W EN OM

55

60

65

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

8C

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

1
1
1
-

-

5

31
3
28

73
9
64

82
22
60

88
27
61

-

-

-

1
1
12
14

10
14
20
20

6
7
23
24

-

-

320
196
124
12
19
4
45
44

167
45
122
20
11
1
57
33

120
35
85
11
11

34
16
18
5
2

6
37
21

185
96
89
5
1
5
58
20

69
34
35
3
3

9
41
11

164
64
1 00
9
9
10
52
20

8
3
5

-

118
53
65
1

13
5
8
2
2

-

-

-

27
36

12
17

1
10

-

1

4

240
42
198
4
4
17
161
12

345
168
177
4
10
27
95
41

499
247
252
4
52
30
81
85

466
206
260
13
12
16
155
64

462
192
27C
14
42
12
11C
92

623
341
282
11
4C
14
130
87

371
210
161
7
23
12
47
72

157
67
90
19
11
4
26
30

72
40
32
4
4
1
12
11

82
38
44
8
5

47
10
37
7
5

16
12
4
2
2

11

11
l
10
10

-

-

26
5

12
13

-

-

8
“

334
104
230
3
31
24
133
39

420
172
248
9
41
31
118
49

268
123
145
7
25
19
60
34

442
342
100
3
32
11
47
7

146
87
59
14
19
1
23
2

103
38
65
24
11

44
39
5
5

28
1
27
19

39
2
37
37

5

3

_

_

-

-

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
1
2

-

8

-

-

-

184
65
119
7
16
65
25

273
111
162
10
8
107
26

303
120
183
1
22
95
48

299
140
159
3
5
80
56

248
125
123
34
6
46
35

185
50
135
67
7
36
20

103
37
66
8
18
21
16

51
14
37
7
9
9
12

20
7
13

22
2
20
7
6

-

12

11 0
31
79
4
24
27
14

101
40
61
4
16
25
9

64
32
32
7
2
4
13

25
8
17
1
4
4
6

48
16
32
25
1
1
1

13

8

-

-

13
3
2

8
8

-

5
4

-

3

9
9
1
3
-

2

3
3

_

_

_

-

6
4

-

-

-

-

4
-

3
3

1
1

4
4

-

7
5
2
2

45
M ean2

M edian2

Middle range 2

and
under
145 over

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES5 6 — CONTINUED
SECRETARIES, CLASS C6 ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTORING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S 4 --------------------NFCLtSALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1 , 50C
618
88 2
71
85
62
389
275

38. C
38.5
38.0
39.5
38.5
38.5
36.5
39.5

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C6 ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMNUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S 4 --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

3, 496
1,587
1,909
107
213
142
934
513

3 ?. C 9 1 .CO 91.00
38.0
9 2 .CC 93.00
38.0
9C.CC 9 0 .G
O
3 9 .C 1C2.C0 1 0 3 .O
C
93.50
3 8 .C 93.50
8 3 .5C 83.00
37.5
8 7 .C
O 87.00
36.5
4C.C
92. 5C 93.00

8 2 .0 0 - 99.00
83.50-100.00
8C .50- 98.50
90.50-115 .50
84.00-100.00
7 7 .CO- 93.50
7 5 .CO- 96.00
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 0 .CO

_
-

_
-

4
4
4
"

13
13
2
10
1

75
11
64

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------rUBLIC U TILITIE S 4 --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE3 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

2,192
926
1,266
127
212
116
648
163

3P.0
30.50
80.00
8 4 .5C 85. 50
39.5
77.50
76.00
37.5
35.5 ICC.CO 1 0 4 .CO
38.5
7 7 .C
O 78.00
37.0
7 4 .C
O 7 5. 50
7 5 .CO 73.50
36.5
39. C 75.00 76.00

7 3 .CO- 88.00
7 8 .CO- 89.00
6 9 .5 0 - 84.50
93.50-111 .50
7 0 .5 0 - 87.00
6 9 .5 0 - 80.50
6 8 .0 0 - 80.50
7 1 .0 0 - 80.50

_
-

11
11
11
“

8
8
8
-

104
2
102
4
19
72
7

237
16
221

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 4 --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------T INANCE3 -----------------------------------StKVlCES ----------------------------------

1,804
698
1 , 106
159
120
47 2
28 7

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.5
38.5
36.5
3R.5

88. C
O
86. C
O
89. CO
96.00
9 7 .CC
83.50
91.50

86.50
8 6 .0 0
87.00
9 6 .5C
97.50
8 2. 50
8 8 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 95.00
7 9 .0 0 - 93.00
7 9 .0 0 - 97.00
9 2 .0 0 - 99.50
31.50-110 .00
7 7 .CO- 89.50
8 1 .0 0 - 99.00

-

_
-

_
-

6
6
2
3

41
19
22
5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TILITIE S 4 --------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------f INANCE3 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

530
149
381
65
91
125
59

3 8 .C
39.0
38.0
39.5
38.0
36.C
39.0

86. G
O 85.00
8 8 . CC 8 8 . 0 0
8 5 .CC 84.00
9 8 .CO 101.50
0 1 .0 0
81.50
79.50 30.00
89. CC 89.00

7 8 .5 0 - 93.00
8 2 .5 0 - 93.00
77 .0 0 - 92.50
89.50-105 .00
7 4 .0 0 - 8 7 .CO
7 4 .50- 85.50
8 2.00- 95.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2
-

11
11
7
-

SWITCHBOARD UPEPATCPS, CLASS B -----NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------KcTAIL TRACE --------------------------F I NANCE3 -----------------------------------StRVICES ----------------------------------

386
366
58
127
139

3 8 .C
38.0
38.5
37.0
3e.5

58. 50
6 8 .0 0
6 7 .CC
7C.50
63.50

6 7 .5C
6 6 . 5C
67.00
71.50
6 0 .CC

58.5 0 58. 5057.006 2 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 -

77.00
76.00
80.00
79.00
67.50

3
3
3
-

8
8
8
-

116
116
9
24
72

SWITCHBOARD UPERATLR-RECtPTIONISTSM UFACTURING----------------------------AF
NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHULESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------F INANCE3 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

791
341
450
196
59
53
116

38.5
38.5
38.0
38.5
37.5
36.5
33.0

78. 50
73.50
78.50
78. 50
68.50
8 1 .C
C
81. G
O

7 8 .5G
77.50
79.50
7 8 .OC
7C.0C
78.00
8 3.00

7 2 .5 0 7 3.007 1 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 62 .0 0 74.5075 .5 0 -

85.50
83.00
87.00
88.00
T9.50
91.00
88.00

9
9
9
-

-

1
1

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le ,




$
102.50
1 0 5 .CC
IC1.CC
113.50
108.CO
8 9 .5C
9 9 .C
O
1C2.C0

$
$
$
1 0 5 .CC 9 4 .00-112 .00
106.00 98.00-110 .00
103.00
9 0 .CO-112.50
1 1 2 .CC 1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 8 .CO
109.CC 97.50-118 .50
89.00
7 9.50- 99.00
89.50-110 .00
100.50
106 .OC 90.00-115 .00

-

-

-

1
-

-

5
-

2
3

-

7
57

-

36
11
149
25

-

11
6
8
8

57
3
54

-

-

4
2
1

22
25
3

74
18
56
9
11
30
5

36
35
4
16
15

65
63
13
11
39

46
45
5
40
-

40
32
2
6
9

40
38
6
27

12
10
7

54
11
43
15
14
14

68
34
34
28
6

145
69
76
45
3
15
13

180
108
72
20
13
21
18

130
57
73
30
1C
1
22

74
7
67
2C
3
1
37

-

-

-

1

-

“

30

23
2
21
4

1
1

15
-

12

1
3

-

11
-

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

8
-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

31
2
29
7
7

25
5
20
2
4

10

-

-

-

-

"

14

14

~

4
1
3

5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

11
3
8

-

10
1
9

_
-

3
1
2

_

2
-

-

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

3

83
39
44
26

-

11
7
4
3
1

-

8
4
4
4

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
t

$

$

$

$

*

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

S

*

$

$

$

$

*

80

85

9C

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

75

80

85

90

95

10C

1C5

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

over

27
27
7

62
62
16

34
33
4

31
27
17

51
46
11

16
14
11

14
9
9

7
1

14
9

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

33

35

7

11

1

18

14
14
14

71
12
59
58

123
57
66
4
53

102
56
46
4
28

137
62
75
4C

77
33
44
16
18

104
4C
64
11
46

21
21
14
-

11
11
4
7

2
2
-

4

8

4
1

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

39
39
9
30
-

149
29
120
14
80
16

199
44
155
2
5
125
4

271
67
2C4
4
9
135
49

276
55
221
16
7
107
77

217
34
183
11
4
99
64

199
108
91
10
2
43
31

126
29
97
4
3
19
27

69
14
55
2
18
33

30
4
26
4
1

27
27
12
1

-

8
2
6
-

-

8
8
8

-

-

-

-

17

“

“

5

-

“

-

-

81
16
65
42
19
4

531
48
483

844
129
715
39
35

712
163
549
15
63
49
337
85

475
137
338
?
109
9
162
56

3 28
181
147
9
40
16

165
86
79
18
8
35
18

89
37
52
7
4
22
8

46
31
15
3
1
7

16
2
14
9

6
2
4
4

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

60

65

70

55

60

65

70

-

-

1
1
-

1
13
12
1
1

45
Me an 1
2

$
75

5o

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

and
under

and

XOMEN - CONTINUED
TABULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------

261
233
75

37.5
37.5
36.5

82.50
8 1 .CO
8 2 .5C

$
81.00
79.00
83.00

$
7 3 .0 0 72.5074 .0 0 -

$
89.00
88.00
91.00

-

TABULATING-MAChINE OPERATORS*
CLASS C -------------------------------------------

106

37.5

71.00

6 8 . CC

6 4 .0 0 - 7 7 .CO

-

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------FINANCE3------------------------------------

687
274
413
62
265

38.0
38.5
37.5
4C.0
37.0

75.50
74. CO
76.50
8 9 .CC
7 3 .CC

76.00
75.00
7 6 .5C
88.50
71.00

6 3 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 8 2 .506 4 .5 0 -

83.50
81.00
85.50
94.50
81.50

-

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHGLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1,618
386
1,232
71
57
656
323

37.5
39.5
37.0
3 8 .C
3 7 .C
36.5
37.5

78.50
79.00
78.50
92. C
O
7 1 .CO
7 4 .CO
82.50

7 7 .5C
80.00
7 7.00
86.50
70.50
73.50
8 1 .0G

7 0 .5 0 - 86.50
72 .0 0 - 88.00
7 0 .0 0 - 85.00
7 9 .00-106 .00
6 2 .0 0 - 79.50
6 7 .0 0 - 81.00
76 .0 0 - 90.50

-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IIIE S 4 --------------------8
7
6
5
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------R E T A I L TRADE --------------------------FINANCE3-----------------------------------SERVICES------------------------------- •
—

3,294
832
2,462
9C
289
233
1,562
28 8

38.0
39.5
37.5
33.5
39.0
38.5
3 7 .C
39.0

67.50
72.00
66.00
71.50
7 1 .CO
6 5 .CO
64.00
6 9 .C
O

66.50
72.00
6 5 .0C
65.50
71.50
64.00
6 3 .CC
69. 50

6 1 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 62.5 0 6 7 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 5im506 5 .CO-

1

S ta n d a r d h o u r s

r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r

w h ic h e m p l o y e e s

r e c e iv e

th e ir

73.00
78.50
70.50
79.00
75.00
70.00
68.00
75.50

r e g u la r

_

-

-

5

12
27
415
24

s tr a ig h t- tim e

59

538
44

s a la r ie s

an d th e

40

42

e a r n in g s

11

corresp on d

4

-

-

-

1

4

to th e s e

w e e k ly h o u rs .

2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by the number of w orkers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half re ceive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the
higher rate.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
5 May include w orkers other than those presented separately.
6 D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
7 W orkers w ere distributed as follow s:
1 at $ 145 to $ 150; 13 at $ 150 to $ 155; 1 at $ 165 to $ 170; and 10 at $ 170 to $ 175.
8 A ll workers w ere at $ 150 to $ 155.




10
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations-—
Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1965)
Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S

$
60

Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

t

$
65

70

$
75

$
80

$
85

*
90

t

$
95

100

$

$
105

110

t

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

$
14C

$

$
150

160

$
170

$
180

and
under

190
and

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

4

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

15
14

18
13
5
-

60
16
44
41

67
40
27
27

74
35
39
38

62
14

24
24

11
11

2

10

3
1
2

11C

115

120

125

6
-

3
3
3

7
4

-

3

24
15
9
9

23
16
7
5

32
25
7
5

82
75
7
3

117
56
61
60

127

186
48
138
-

38
36

101

60
37
23
15

48

23

22

31

138

-

25

21
2
1
1

-

-

_

17

52
37
15

30
14
16

10
7
3

7
2
5

140

150

160

17C

180

190

over

19
9

43
31
31

205
78
127
127

300
140
160
159

270
104
166
146

169
32
137
127

66

10
10

41
9
32
32

396
124
272
242

362
214
148
129

153
74
79
54

37
23
14

3

1
2

2
1
1

£

10

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

130

Mr N

39 .5
4C .C
3 9.0
39. C

$
$
1 59.50 1 5 9 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0 1 5 7 .5 0
1 6 1 . 5C 1 6 3 . 5 0
1 6 1 . CO 1 6 1 . 5 0

$

l , 126
395
731
69 3

SERVICES ----------------------------------

1 ,370
717
653
555

3 5 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
39 .0

135.50
1 3 4 . CC
1 3 7 . 5C
13 6 .C 0

1 3 7 . 5C
1 3 5 .5 0
138.0 0
13 7 .5 0

1 2 7 .5 0 -1 4
12 4 .0 0 -1 4
1 3 2 .5 0 -1 4
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 4

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------nonm anufactu ^ in c -----------------------PUbLIC U TILITIE S 3 --------------------s e r v ic e s ----------------------------------

801
405
396
28
356

35 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
39. r

101.50
102.5C
100.5 0
11 5 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

102 . 5 C

9 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 3 . CO
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

153

4 0 .0
4 C .0

7 5 . CC
7 4 . 50

77.0 0
77.5 0

3 9 . C 1 0 6 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 0 7 . 5C
3 8 .0 1C 5.C 0

106.5 0
1C 8.50
10 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------N O N M A NU F A C TU R I N G

-------------------------------

SrRVlCtS ---------------------------------DRAFTSMEN, CLASS P -------------------------MANUFACTURIN' ----------------------------NU 'i KA NUF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

86

1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 1 7 . 5C
1 0 1 .5 0

$

1 5 C .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0
1 4 9 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 5 0 .C O -172.00

7 1 *507 0 . CO-

3
4
3
2

.5
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

8 0 .0 0
83*00

-

1

13

-

12
1

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

16

9

12

23
16

-

-

5
5

-

3

-

-

-

2

7

5

1

2
2
2
64
3C
34

2

2
2

55
46

2
43

7

3

26

1

86
41
36

12

31
25

1
1

l

-

6
4

.

_

-

-

_

_

-

1

4
62
55

_

5
3

_

-

-

1

W EN
OM
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NON MANUFACI UR IN G ------------------------

251
166
85

9 7 .5 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 8 . C O -117.00
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

10
7

26

19
7

3C
25

5

41
31

10

Standard hours re flect the workweek fo r which em ployees receive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




14

3

1

11
3

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikeis

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

39.5
3 9.5
3 9 .C
3 9 .5

39.0
3 9 .0
39. p
3 5 .5
3 9.0

262
228
163

3 8 .C
3 8 .C
3 8 .0

6 8 . CO
6 5 . 50
6 1 . CC

CLERKS, PAYRCLL ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRACE --------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------StRVICES ----------------------------------

1, 153
570
58 3
15 C
64
117

3 9 .C
3 3 .C
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 9 .C

8 2 . 5C
8 1 . CO
6 4 . CO
8 0 . CC
8 2 . 50
8 2 . CO

18 3
107
76

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

9C .50
9 5 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

645
168
477
217

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
38.0
39 .0
3 7 .5
37 .0

7 5 .5 0
8 0 . CC
7 3 .5 0
7 7 . CO
6 5 . 50
7 1 .5 0

37.5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

7 8 . 50
7 9 . 5C
7 8 . CO
7 3 . CO
7 5 .0 0

66

16b

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE2----------------------StRVICES ---------------------

2 , 180
612
1 ,5 6 8
476
157
26 2
522
151

3 8 .0
39. C
3 7 .*
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
37.5
3 6 .5
38 .0

9 8 . CO
1C 2.50
9 6 . CO
1 0 2 . CO
9 8 . CC
9 4 . 50
8 8 . CO
1 0 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------WHOLESALE TRADE---------RETAIL TRADE --------------FINANCE2----------------------SERVICES ----------------------

2,917
570
2 ,3 4 7
39C
588
540
164

38.0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
39. n
3 7.5
3 6 .5
37 .5

7 7 . CC
8 r . 50
7 6 .0 0
7 7 . 5C
7 0 . 5C
7 1 . CO
7 7 . 50

266
179
5C

3 7 .5
3 8.0
3 7 .C
3 6 .5
3 3 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 6 . CO
3 6 . 5C

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRA C E----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE2 -----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1 ,0 8 6
264
822
76
105
481
155

3 7 .5
3 9 .C
3 7 .5
39 .0
3 7 .5
36 .5
38. C

65.5 0
6 6 . 50
6 5 . CO
6 8 . CO
57 .5 0
6 5 . CO
6 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS C --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------FINANCE2 ------------------------------------

1 ,3 2 1
187
1 ,1 3 4

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7.5
3 9 .0
37 .0

6 0 . CC
6C .50
S C . CO
6 1 . CC
5 9 . CC

332

66

101

825

COM.PTLM
ET5R OPLPATCRS--------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTUf'ING-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$
9 1 . 5C
8 6 . CC
9 5 .5 0
1 J O . 50
6 6 . 5C

1 ,3 1 1
525
786
665
9C

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATURS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BCCKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

$
7 8 . CO
7 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 6 . CC

327
95
232
134

CLERKS, F ILE , CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFAC TL'K I N G -------FINANCE 2-------------------SERVICES ------------------

Number
of

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------WHOLESALE TRADE -------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE2 ------------------------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

887
243
644
141
375

3 8 .6

DUPLICATING-MACHINE CPERATORS
(MIMECGRAPH UP D IT TO -------------------

89

3c • 0

7 3 . CG

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUF ACTURIN'G-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

966
43 5
531
57
89
272
74

3 8 .C
3 9 .C
37 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .C
36. r
4 0 .0

8 1 .5 0
83.5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 9 . CO
7 6 .5 0

J9. CC

KEYPUNCH CPtRATURS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------SEPVICES ----------------------------------

1 ,3 4 2
375
V67
95
323
269
12C

38 .0
3 5 .C
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
38.0
3 7 .C
39.5

7C .5G
7 3 . 50
6 9 . 5C
7 6 . CC
6 4 . CC
6 8 . 50
6 4 . CC

OFFICE eOYS AND GIRLS----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NGN MANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------WHOLESALt TRADE ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1 ,2 0 9
242
967
71
78
1C9
504
205

3 7.5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .'
38 .5
3 8.5
3 6 .5
3 9.0

6 2 . CC
6 3 . 50
6 1 . 5C
6 8 . CC
6 2 . CC
6 1 . CC
6C .50
6 1 . CC

SECRETARIES4 5 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

6 ,9 5 2
3 ,0 3 2
3 ,9 2 0
249
474
352
1 ,8 0 2
1,04 3

3 8 .0
9 9 . CO
3 8 . C I O C . 50
37.5
9 8 . CO
3 9 .5 1 1 1 .5 C
3 « . 0 IOC.CO
9 2 . 50
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
9 3 .5 0
3 9 . 5 1 0 2 . 5C

SECRETARIES4 5 - CONTINUED
S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A5—
M AN U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N C N MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------* F O L i S A L r T R m C E -------R l T A I L T RA DE -------------F I N A N C E 2 -----------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------SECR ETA RIES, CLASS 8 5—
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------NlJNM ANUF AC TUP I U G --------P t J H L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-----W H O LE SA L E T RA C E -------P c T A I L TO A C E -------------F I N A N C E 2------------------------

SERVICES ---------------------SEC EETA R IES, CLASS C 5
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N U N N A N u F A C T U R I ' « G -----P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3—
W H C L E S A L t T R A C E ---R E T A I L T*. ACE ---------F I N A N C t 2--------------------S E R V I C E S ------------------S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S f 5 -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------NOfvMANUF A C T U R I N G ------------------------------PU BLIC U T I L I M f
w H CL t S A L t T R A C E ----------------------------r e ta il
trace
----------------------------------F I N A N C E 2---------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -------------------------------------------

s3---------------

452
163
289
74
6C
79
68

$
117 .5 "
1 2 1 . GO
115.50

l r 7.CG
1 0 2 . 5C
1 1 4 . CO
13 9 .0 0

1 ,4 7 3
661
812
59
91
75
4C C
1*7

3 8 . C 1 0 9 . CO
3 8 . f 1 1 1 . 50
3 7 . 5 1 0 6 . oC
39 .5
1 2 7 . CO
3 9 .
C
1 0 3 . CO
37.5
99 .r0
3 6 .5 190 .5 0
3 8 . 0 118.CC

62C
8P4
73
85
62
389
275

3 8 . C 102.50
38 . 5 195.C C
3 8 . 0 1 0 1 . CO
3 9 . 5 1 1 3 . CO
38.5
1C 8.C 0
«9 .5 C
36. 5
9 9 . CO
3 9 .5 1C 2.C 0

3, 508

1* 58R
1 ,9 2 0
107
224
142
9 34
513

ST E N O G R A P H E R S , GEN ERAL
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------NUN M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3WHOL ESAL E T RA C E —
R E T A I L T R A C E -------F I N A N C E 2------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------

2 , 192
926

STENCORAPE’ t - R S , S E M C R
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------N U NM A N U F A C T U R I N G —
PUBLIC U l I L I T I E S 3
W H O LE SA L E T R A C E F I N A N C E 2 -----------------S E R V I C E S ----------------

1 ,8 0 5
698
It 107
159

SWITCHhCARD OPcRATCRS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING -------NCNMANIJF ACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT Y S3
RETAIL TRADE -----FINANCE 2-------------SERVICES ------------

3 7 .5
38. f
37.5
37 .5
37 .5
36.5
38. r

35.8

3P.C
38.0
38.0
39 .0
3 8 .C
3 7 .5
36.5
4 0 .C

9 1 . tO
9 2 .
9 0 . CO
9 3 . 59
8 3 .5 0
8 7 . CO
9 2 . 5C

38.0
39. 5
3 7 .5
3 9.5
38 .5
3 7.0
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

8 0 . 50
8 4 . 5C
7 7 . 5C
ICC.CO
7 7 .0 0
7 4 .
7 5 . CO
7 5 . CO

47 2
287

3 8 .0
38. 5
3 7.5
38.5
38 .5
36.5
38.5

8 8 .
8 6 . CC
8 9 .
9 6 .
9 7 . CO
8 3 . 5C
9 1 . 5C

530
149
381
65
91
125
59

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .C
3 6.0
39 .0

8 6 . CO
8 8 . CO
8 5 . CO
9 8 . CO
8 1 . CO
7 9 . 50
8 9 . CC

1,26o
127

212
116
648
163

121

CO

102.00

CC

CC
CO
CO

12
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Average
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
SWITCF8 CARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------IINANCE2 ---------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

386
366
58
127
139

38.0
3 8 .C
38.5
37. '
38.5

18.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATCR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADF ----------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------------------FINANCE2 ---------------------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------------------

791
341
45G
19H
59
53
116

38.5
38.5
38.0
38.5
37.5
36.5
38.0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE 2----------------------------------------------

291
121
170
112

38.5
39.5
37.5
36.5

TABULATING-MACHIN6 OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------KcTAIL TRADE ----------------------------------FINANCE2 ---------------------------------------------

6 30
132
498
79
56
201.

3 8 .C
39.5
37. 5
38.5
3 5 .C
36.5

6 8 . CO
6 7 .CO
7C.5C
63.50

292
98
1 94
68

3 8 .0
39.5
37 .5
36.5

$
73.50
7 8 . 50
7 1 .5 0
7 3 . CC

78. 50
7 8 .5C
7 8 .5C
78.50
6 8 . 50
81. CC

TRANSCRlBING-MACHlNF L PEKATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ------------------FINANCF2--------------------------------

694
274
4 2C
62
265

38. C
3 8.5
3^.0
4 0 .0
37. r

7 6 . GO
7 4 . CO
7 7 . CC
89.00
7 3 . CO

110.5C
112.50
109.CO
10 2 .CC

TYPISTS, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ------------------RETAIL TRADt -----------------------FINANCE2--------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

1,624
392
1, 23 2
71
57
656
3 23

37.5
39.0
3 7 .0
38 .C
3 7 .C
36 . 5
37.5

78.50
7 9 . CC
78.50
9 2 . CO
7 1 . CO
7 4 . CC
3 2 .50

TYPISTS, CLASS R -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------WHOLESALE TRACE ------------------RcTAlL TRACE -----------------------FINANCE 2--------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

3,331
«32
2,499
115
29 3
239
1,564
2 88

38.0
3 9.5
37 . 5
3 8.5
3 9 .C
3 8.5
3 7.0
39 .C

6 7 . 50
7 2 . CC
6 6 . CC
7 5 . CO
7 1 . CC
65.50*
6 4 . CO
6 9 .0 0

pi.ro

88. C
O
9 5 .CG
86. C
O
8 5 .5G
85. 50
84. C
O

s t r a ig h t- tim e

Average
O c c u p a t io n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

rAEULATING-MACHINE CPcRATORS,
CLASS C --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------F I NANCE 2---------------------------------

S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
M a y in c lu d e w o r k e r s o t h e r th a n t h o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
D e s c r i p t i o n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e th e l a s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .




Number
of

O c c u p a t io n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

s a la r ie s

S e e a p p e n d ix A .

an d th e

e a r n in g s

$
1 6 0 . CO
156.50
I b l . 50
IM .C C

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNwANUFACTUk I i\ G -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1, 137
3 99
7 38
7CC

39.5
4C.C
39. r
39.0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS t -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURIn G -----------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

1,375
722
6 53
55 5

3 9 . C 135.50
3 9 .5 133.50
3 9 . C J3 7 • 5 0
3 9 . 0 1 3 6 . CC

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT ICS 3--------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

811
4 15
3 96
28
3 56

3 9.5
39.5
39.0
40.0
39.0

1C1.50
102.50
100.5C
1 1 5 . 5C
9 9 . CO

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

156
89

4C.C
4C.0

75.00
7 5 . CO

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( REGISTEREC) ---MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

2 58
1 73
85

3 9 . 0 1 0 7 . CC
3 9 . C 1 7 . 50
3 8 .0 105.00

corresp on d

to t h e s e w e e k l y

h ou rs.

13
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1965)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

Hourly earnings 1
$
1.9 0

O ccu p atio n and in d u stry d iv ision

workers

Me an 2

$

N G N M A N U F A C U M I x G -------------------------------

196
ll

j

3 .2 3
3.1C
3 .5 *

Median 2

j.

$
2 .7 7 2.8 A 2 .7 1 2 .7 5 3 .0 2 -

$
3 .3 0
3 .25
A . 11
3 . A0
A. 1 3

3.0 A 3 .0 A 3 .0 5 -

3.AA
3 .A 3
3 .5 5

2 .8 1 2 .9 A 2 .5 1 2 .3 9 -

$
3.1 3
3.1A
3 .0 8

,,, ^
M J N N A M J F A C T L * I N G ------------------------------E N G IN EER S,

ST A T IO N A R Y

--------------------------

->

2C5

3.23
3 .2 6

3 .2 9
3.3 1

3 .0 6
3 .2 1

3 .1 1

272

/

^. 1
FIREM EN,

ST AT IONA R Y

E P l L c R ----------------

N U N r A NUr AC 1 C " I \ l > “ —”
S c R V l C f c S ------------------------------------------t
n nr
u a t INI i k f
ni tnL r trK o f r A1 k. i r p alsurt ll r o AlU Co
k
: 1 K f f i_i
n A M J r AC I CK 1 Ny
i r u A a.i i l AC 1 i n r
N L ii'jwAINUr a t t iCK, 1 l\\j
filiOl C I I f I 1 t C^
r U b L lIf* U lT 1l1 1 T IIL ’ b

— — —
— _

AC 2
197
52

20 A
1A 5

2 .8 9
. l J

2. e 2

2 .6 2
2.63

2.71
2 .3 3

2 .2 7

2.b 2
2 . A’
2 .8 1

2.6 7
2.A A
2.8 A

2 .6 6

*

Middle range 2

2 .8 8

V

$

$

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

Under
and
$
1 .9 0 under

2 .A 0

$
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

$
2.7 0

$

2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

2 .8 0

$
2.9C

$
3.0C

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3.3 0

$
3 . AC

$
3 • 60

$
3 .8 0

$
A .00

i
A. 20

$
A .40

$
A .60

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2.8 0

2 .9 0

3 . CO

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 • 8 C A .00

A .20

A .40

A .60

over

1A

12

27
9

23
13

-

9

18

10

35
18
17
14

25
16
9

27
16

-

35
17
18

9

-

11

9

18
17

A0
28

22

1

12

38
33
5

21

7

16

7

21

Number

7

16

$

and

1

11

7

-

$

1

3

1
11
11

-

-

~

1

-

3 .2 3
3.A 3
3 .1 A
3 .1 6

_

-

_

-

11

2 .3 C 2 .5 2 2 .1 5 2 . 22-

3 .0 3
2.8 5
3 .3 5
2 .A 6

2C

2 .3 3 2 .2 2 2.A 7 2 .5 5 -

2 .9 1
2.7A
3 .1 A
3 .1 6
3.2 9

M ACH INL-TOOL ( F l RATu R S , TtCLR UO M —
“ A M rA C T U .U N G —
— ——— — — —
—— ——

166
186

3 .2 0
3.20

3 .2 2
3 • Z2

3 .0 6 -

U ATLi T k 1 j 1 C
U A TX r. INAkTC
i
n A C n l I>1 C T j f r A i M r u K mI M l ——— —— ——
— — ——
U AA I l C A f I O f Ar
r'AINUrACT1 t' r s I M? —
—
NCNMANOFACTIP I b G :
n n t r r i i 1 1L n r . c
r U oJi L l C U T t i 1 1 1 c b ^ —— —— ——— — —
— —
— —

857
821

3 .2 2
3 .2 0

3 .2 7
3 .2 6

3 .0 1 3.C C -

3.5 5

3 .6 5

3 .3 9 -

3 . 19
3.20

3 .2 6
3.C 8
3.2 7

3 .3 6

3 .3 9

3 .1 C 3 .0 0 3 .1 6 3 .1 7 3 .3 3 -

3.2C
3 .1 5

3 .0 3
2.9 1
3 .3 0
3 .16

2 .5 3 3 .1 1 3 .1 C -

3.3A
3 .5 0
3.32

! • L .■

3 .1 6
3 .1 6

3 .0 7 3 .0 8 2 .3 C 2 .3 2 -

3 .2 2
3 .2 3
3 .1 7
3 .5 A
2 .5 9

20

2A

-

-

7

“

1A
13

3

23
23

13

2

1

5

3

28
13
15

27
17
1C

9

2 C

20

2C

15
5

_

28
28

“

39
27

26
2A

53

12

2

A2
36

12
8

11

6A

36
2A

M E C H A M C S , A UTCW CM VF
i U i l 1 LIN« • * C t 4
l n A f rA Tr,l lAM/ *r /
------MANUr AC 1 UK 1 V . —— — — ——
—
—
————— ——
—
kink L A k i i » r * r 1 n l r
INUI'P A INUrAt T iC^’ i x»b . ... —— ———— ——
—
ni.i. L r I ITTI I ! I L
r U b i lrC U l 1 L T T f t b^ 3
——
—— —
———
K n L L b b A C r 1K A L t
“
— —— ——
—
—
ki r Lt a N r b
y a r 1 E A n .r r
n c C H Ak il C r t “ A I N r c \NAIMCt
——
————— —
—
r A N U r A C 1 UK 1 Nb ——— — — ———— ——
—
——
x x u i k.i c * r 1 UK r r
Mr^ r A I N U r A C r u n l i \ b —— —— —
—
— —— ——
——
K c iA lL

IhAL fc

— — — —
—
—— ———————
—

316
11

1 ,5 2 7
1 ,2 3 7
29C
131

u L i.,n r C T I
n lvi LiW K 1 n i H O>
kl AA 1! t AT T l d ) ( klT

i -. c

0 1L E R S
*
ki Akii r f 1 UK 1 f *
MArMLr iAL T i i n i kM.- —— — -----------------------— —

1A9
1A 3

DA N I C n r
P A fIk l T t K o ? UATk TCN A J \ C E
nA 1 N 1 r k. Ak T L
UAINU* AC n UK H!.\b ——
r ik iir A r 1 iii 1 r
— —— —— — —— —
— — — — —
Air A U A k . l X Af 1 C < I *Nu
IVCINWAlMUr AC TI'O 1 K f: — —— — — — —— —
— — — — — —
mio
r i »*r » • f t
r
r U n iL IrC U l l L I I I fEr b 3 — — —— ———

183
162

2 .1 2

F I N A N C E -------------------------------* — — —
——

55

3.3 6
2 .A 5

n 1nee t 1 1c n r
u A 1 /\ 1 E n aa r r
P vr t r 1 t t c K b y r A t x i r c k ANCL
u aa Ur at 1 k i 1 ISb
M Ni . r AC t iUK t a r ———— —— —
A

30C

——
————

S e e fo o tn o te s at end of ta b le .




2 .8 8

3.0 1

3 . IS
3.1 9

2 .9 5
3.0A
2.7 2
2 .A 9
3.2A

-

3 .0 3 3.0 A -

3 .3 5
3.3 5

1
1

4
5

26
23

12

22
21
1

A

“

~

2

“

19
17

18
1A
4

51
28
23

19
9

4

1C

3

4

21

A2
16
26
16

1C

1

A

8

g

52
52

A2
38

55
55

55
g

2

10
10

60
60

10
10

A

3

7
2

A0
A0

5
4

2
1
1

3

5C
50

z
2
1

j

87
59
28

129
129

17
17

15A
153
1
1

A5
35
13
10

65
65

23
22

5

1A
13

16
3

5

1

13
4

12A
119
5
5

13

-j

7

5A
A6
g
4

1
1

19
19

38
38

13

9

10

12

12

g

1C

12

23

29

5

17

16
7
9

25

7

2 ?

5

72
69
3

10

g

1A
1A

27

7

—
7

°

12

3

17

3

3

11

16

1

2

5

1

1A
1A

4
3

33
5

33

3

15

33

c

3

15

1A7
19

5A
19
35
28

28
27

12

1
1

11
1
1

21
20
2
1

15

39

3C

_

15

39

21

20

5

77
67
1C
1C

51
36
12

5
25
25

70
70

126
125

2?

16
lO

49
AA

2 57
256

OB

47

131

89

A0
33

129
127
2

79
A7
32

76
16
60
6 C

12A
107
17

A6
33
13

23
14

34
25

2

11
9

3A

6A

26

64

2

_

-

-

£

1
1

*

_

_

_

-

_

-

84
60
22

21
9

199
129
70

210

78
25
53

14

9

19A
16

20

1

11

1

3
3

60
60

25
25

29

14

7

12
2

12
12

9
5

£

4
4

1

9

5

l

78
,5
73
41
32

10

2

2

2

1

-

21
68

1*

5
5

17
16

11

21

9
17
10
121
9
1 7 — 2 0 ———— —— 9
—
—— 1
——
——
—

9

1

1
2

51

4

39
25
1A
g

O

30

g

~

3

1

1
1

-

17
13
A

_

94
5A
AO

138
AA

3

5

16
11

126
26

12

1
1

1

1A

5

2

1C
21
1C
r 9 K U r A 9 1 UK 1C
A
1 Nb

23
23

H

10

1

3
1
1

15

8
1

A

A0

18
10

68

3

3

A

2 .6 6
2.6 8

2 .5 5
2 .8 6
2 .3 7
3 .1 8
2 .2 0

6

1
21

3.5 1
3 .5 1

2 .A 5

11

7
7

3 .3 7
3.3 6
3.3 8
3.3 5
3 .A7

2.97

28

9 5
79
16

16

3 .7 2

A89

11

_

3 .A 6
3 .A 6

30

18

13
57
A3
1A

1A
35

1
3

13
g

7

11

11

46
35
11
j
c

3
1
2

22
21

2

_

2

c

1

31
30

99
97

101

97

15
14

A5
37

2

1
1

14
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1 9 6 5 )
Hourly earnings1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Me an 2

Median 2

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

fi

Middle range 2

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
*
$
$
i
%
ii
1
5
$
t
$
$
$
I
C
Under 1.90 2 . 0 0 2 . 1 C 2 . 2 0 2.30 2.4 0 2.50 2 . 60 2 .70 2.30 2.90 3.CC 3.10 2j. 2 c :$.30 3.40 3.60 3.80 4. O 4.20 4. 40 4.6 0
and
$
an
1.90 under
2 . 0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2.3C 2.40 2.50 2.60 2 . 70 2 .80 2.9C 3.CC 3.10 3.20 ' $.30 •$.4C 3.60 3.80 4 .0 0 4. 20 4.40 4. 60 over

$

$

$

$

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------

68

2 .7 9 - 3.28

“

“

1

~

SHEET-METAL WORKERS» MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3.18
3.18

3.23
3.23

3 .0 4 - 3.29
3 .0 6 - 3.29

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

775
771

3.40
3.41

3.47
3.47

3 .0 9 - 3.72
3 .1 1 - 3.72

-

-

-

1
2
3
4

3.C8

3.21

E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .

h o lid a y s ,

_

-

and la te

1

1

~

165
155

-

3

8

5

~

8

4

1

27

3

4

2

-

“

-

9
8

1
1

1
1

8
8

12
7

24
24

10
10

69
68

22
20

5

5

_

_

_

2

5

-

-

-

4

3
3

8
8

22
22

5C
5C

104
1C4

55
55

51
51

40
40

132
132

249
249

48
4«

5
5

1
1

-

3
3

1
1
_

s h if t s .

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1965)
Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a t io n 1 an d in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers rec eiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
$
t
$
t
$
$
1.2C 1.30 1.40 1.5U 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . Co 2.1C 2 . 2 0

Mean 3

Median 3

Middle range 3

ELEVATCR OPERATORS» PASSENGER-------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

301
291
53
176

$
1.55
1.53
1. 35
1.6!

$
1.61
1.61
1.38
1.64

$
1.351 .3 6 1 .3 4 1 .6 0-

$
1.67
1.67
1.44
1.68

ELEVATCR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(MOWN) ------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

271
257
136
6C

1.45
1.44
1.44
1.47

1.43
1.41
1.51
1 »4C

1 .3 5 1 .3 5 1 .3 81.3 5-

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

3,981
820
3,161

1.74
2.3">
l.a 9

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

490

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

330

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le ,




and
under
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 .c r

$
f
T
.
&
$
1
.
%
i
$
$
2.3C 2.4C 2.50 2.60 2 .7 ') 2.8C 2.90 3 . on 3.1C 3.20 3.30 3.4c
and

2 . 1c 2 . 2 0

2.30 2.40 2.50

2.60 2.70 2.8? 2.90 3.CC 3.10 3.20 3.30

1
1

-

79
46
33

185
137
48

74
57
17

197

39

36

101

2

41

17

1C

36

55

over

b

115
56
63

3.40

23
23
12
11

h
c
5
~

118
118

5
5

5
5

l
1

15
15

6
6

-

2
2

~

79
79
36
32

106

2

3

1

15

4

“

2

1.57
1.55
1.55
1.64

12
12
12
-

114
114
28
32

31
31
25
6

72
72
72
£

35
24
1
16

4

2
2

I

1

2

L

1.51
2.27
1.46

1.4 1 - 2.15
2 .1 5 - 2.53
1 .3 9 - 1.59

-

915 1045
11
915 1034

46 f
19
449

184
10
174

67
12

50
22
28

62
36
26

138
67
71

107
56
51

290
238
52

2.36

2.28

2 .2 2 - 2.51

-

-

-

2

49

31

2.21

2.24

1.9 3 - 2.58

-

-

11

34

lb

25

33
28
-

“

1

55

1
lv

9

12

22

??
22

96
16
80

42
3
39

10
10
~

24
20
4

-

3

10

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

19

16

4
4

1

4

15
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u stry d iv isio n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s of—
$
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$

$

(

1 .90

2.00 2 . 10 2.20 2 . 3 C

$
2 .5 0

$
2.6 0

*
2 .7 0

%

1 .8 0

$
2.4C

S

1.5C

2 .8 0

2 .90

$
3 .0 0

$
3.1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

i
3 .40

1 .3 0

1.40

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 . CO

2 . 10 2.20 2 . 3 0

2.4 0

2.5G

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . CO 3 . 1 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

over

534

283
105
178

288
149
139

319
223
96
50
4

275
19C
89
43
4C

135
56
79
73
-

36
4
32
3C
-

169
113
56

88

20

5

2

23

51

_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_

_
_

38
28

30
23

9
90
17

374
247
127
65
14
13
31

215
124
91
62

13

215
133
82
9
-

7
5

46
40

12
12

.

6

5
5

_

12

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2

3

-

i

272
215
57
43

269

263
164
99
18
72

265
158
t>7
28
15
24

2 76
96
180

3 ?1
41
290

10

222

155
3
152
-

145
25

27
41

229
75
154
4
113
37

151

226
49
177
165

38
4
34
3?

107
16
91
37
54

175

28

154
144
1C

2C

89
89

196

$

Occupation1 and industry division

of
workers

1.2C
Mean 3

$
J A N I T I R S . P C R T L R S , A M U LL A N ' E R S
M A NU F AC T UR I n ( > ----------------------------NCN MANUFAC T LR 1 N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------W F C L L S A L E t r a c e : --------------------R t T A I L T RA 'J E --------------------------F I N ANC t 4 -------------------------------------S F ^ V I C k S ----------------------------------J A N I T O R S , P C R T L R S , ANE. C L F A N E R S
( W Q P t M ---------------------------------------------M A N u F A C T U R I \ f > ----------------------------( \ C NMA ,\ UF AC T UU I * G ----------------------F I N A N C l 4 -------------------------------------

5, 524
1 ,780
3, 744
A3 6
11A
511
A71
7 ,2 1 2

1.86
2.10

1 .7 6
2 .3 1
2 .1 6

1.06
1.7 9
1 .59

Median 3

Middle range 3

$
1 .73
2 .1 3
1.65
2 .3 6
2 .3 1
1.7 6
1.72
1 .6 1

$
1 .6 0 1 .8 3 1 .5 6 2 .1 5 1 .8 2 —
1 .5 6 1.6 4 1 .54-

1 .6 7
2 .1 3
1 .6 6
1 .6 6
1 .6 5

1 ,598
119
1 ,4 7 9
705
59 h

1.61
l • 96
1.58
1 .5 °
1 .6 7

1 . 6U
1.5 9
1.6C

1 .5 4 1 .6 2 1 .5 4 1 .5 4 1 .5 3 -

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------P U B L I C U T I L I I I * , j 5 -----------------B H C L f S A L r TRACE --------------------R E T A I L T ^ M c ---------------------------

4 ,6 6 0
2 ,3 1 8
2 ,362
366
799
1 ,1 4 9

2 .2 5
2 . 12
2. J R
?.C 6
2 .4 9
2. 1 6

2 .2 8
?.0 8
2 .4 9
2 .77
2.6 3
2 .2 4

1 .6 7 1.8 6 1.9 6 2 .7 2 2 .2 6 1 .58-

UKDER
P I L L A R S --------------------------------MANUFAC T U R I N G ---------------------------N C F ^ A N U F A C T U ° I \ G ----------------------W F C L L S ALL T R M E -------------------R E T A I L TRApt - --------------------------

? , 18 3
6b 2
1 ,5 0 6
937
d4 9

2.3 5
2 .1 7
2 .4 4

2. 7 0

2 .3 7
2.3 3
7.5 5
2 .3 7
3.C 2

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G -------------------------M A N U F A U T U R I N G ---------------------------N G F M A N U F A C T U R I N C ---------------------h H C L C S A L E T R A C E - -------------------RETAI L T R A I T --------------------------

1,155
665
49C
411
59

2 .3 ?
2 . 31
2.33
2 .4 3
1. 2

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ( WCMFN) ---------M AN U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

428
204

1 .64

R F C F I V I N G C L E R K S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------N U N M A N UF A C TU RI N G ----------------------W H L L E S A L F T R A C E ---------------------R E T A I L T R A C E ----------------------------

669
284
38 5
127

2 .3 3
2.3 0
2.3 5
2 .3 0
2.4A

SHIPPING

-------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------N C NMA NU F A C T U B I N G -----------------------^HCLLSALi
T R A C E ---------------------R E T A I L P ' A d e ----------------------------

512
2b9
22 3
144
61

S H I P P I N G ANC R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S —
M A N U F AC T UR I N G -----------------------------N C NM AN U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------WH O LE SA L E TR AC E --------------------R E T A I L T u APE ----------------------------

713
289
424
117
254

S^KVICcS ---------------------------------LABORERS,

« A T l RIAL

FA, SCI I , N G ------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

CLERKS

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




220

2.16
2 .3 3

1.86
7.54
2 .3 8
1 .9 9
?.n i
1 .6 7

103
-

196

164

11

66

103
-

185
2

98
-

18
-

66

11

955
104
851
15
4
54

23
64

85

12
-

12

117

38

645
4
041
238
287

85
4
81
81
-

245
105
136
39
91

95
59
36
-

2 36

1

20

95

11

120
22

-

98
-

2 .« 6

11

11

2 .7 4

-

83

216
53
163
28
131

1 .951 .8 6 2 .0 C 1 .902 .3 1 -

2.8 3
2 .3 8
2 .9 7
2.7 0
3 .0 6

_
-

27
27
-

98
34
64
64

7 5
4o
29
2r

-

-

“

1

2 .3 7
2 .3 6
2 .4 8
2 .7 2
1.69

1.8 6 2 .C 2 1 .7 8 1 .8 6 1 .4 9 -

2.8 4
2 .56
2 .9 4
2.95
2 .3 3

_
-

22
1
21

7
4
3

-

-

13

1
2

1 .5 9
1.6 4

1 .4 7 1 .4 9 -

1 .78
1 .7 9

6
6

47

2.33
2 .3 2
2 .3 4

2 .6 6
2 .6 6
2 .66
2.6 6
2 .7 2

_

2 .3 9

2.G C 1 .9 6 2 .0 3 1.9 9 2 .2 5 -

2 .4 4
2 . ‘t 5
2 .4 ?
2 .4 3
2 .3 2

2 .4 7
2 .5 1
2 .3 8
2.3 9
2 .13

2 .1
2 .1
2 .1
2 .2
1 .7

-

2 .7 0
2 .7 6
2 .6 9
2.6 7
3 .0 3

-

2.5C

7.6C
2 .7 5
2 .4 4
2 .19
2 .5 3

2 .1 8 2 .3 4 2 .1 1 1 .9 7 2 .1 7 -

2 .79
2 .86
2 .7 1
2 .4 8
2 .7 2

-

2.66
2 .39
2.27
2 .4 2

2.21

5
3
6
3
9

12

10 l

6
22
123
35

88
56
31

33

36
4
32
26

9

6

55
4fc

3
37

12
25
14
7

“

335
274
61
-

340

2

?86
54
-

6

1

84

119
39
80
34
42

74
19
55
41
13

96
19
77
65
1C

85
26
59
46

104
58
46
46

48
25
23

22
1

45
31
14
14
“

40
3C
1C
9

35

8

22

-

11
2

21
11

47
17
3 '
23
3

39
16
23
14
9

47
29
18
14
4

56
19
37
31

29

6
6

12

24

-

21
3

-

6

2

-

_

3

_

11
11

-

-

4
4
-

-

-

L2
17
2
15

-

12
2

-

9

11

51
51

_

1

1

13

16

18

-

-

-

11

-

11

-

1

1

2

16

7

-

-

-

11

-

1

1

2

5

5

6
10

9

4

7

21

1

21
12

2

-

_

1
1

2
2

_
_

_

_

6

7

“

-

13

1

20

10

1
-

164
1C5
-

46

7
5

1C

1

51
51
_

1

_

1
1

15
9

-

6

1

53

7

1

12

29
14
15
13

2

“

12

-

2

70
7
63
54

-

6

62
29

-

-

54
25
26

15

12
11

46
46

-

2

1«2

11

10C
2b

75
36

_
-

11

8
20

58 3
58 3
36 3
219

84

12

11
-

-

314

766

2 .6 6
2 .4 2
2 .8 3
3.0 1

11

20

220

57
57
172

70
1C
60

-

1176
18
1158

70
187
881

40

1.66

$

and

12

2 . k r>

t

$

and
under

$

1.61
2.C 4

$

-

11
4

22
27

5

11

1

47
15
32

22
2
63
28

369
173
156
84

304
185
119
53

112

66

148
9C
58
44
13

262

69
65
4

48

202

20

60
56
3

28
IP
4

94
75
15
16

116
113

17

11
11
6C

47

21

15
45
9
29

25
5
19

1
2

24
1C

12

22

29
27

3

6

1

2

-

11

70
25
45

39
15
24

39

12

12
12

54
25
25
4
23

32

366
5
361
33
328

22
-

8
8

75
-

1

69

-

_
_

1

-

10

3
3

4

6

6

11
74
43
31
29

1
23
1°
5
5

17

1

21

16
16

-

31

16
14

8

_
-

6
6

4
4
_
_

11
9

-

-

12
184
184

14
ID
4
4

14

3
3
_

_
-

7
7
-

-

1
1

13

10
4
4

2
8
8

_
-

6
6

_
_
_
_

2

35
28

-

1

75

26

2

26
17
9
4

11
11

35

3
3

42
23
19
17

-

26

11

2

45

1

239
228
80
84
64

3
36
15
15

28
19
9

6
3
55

84
31
53
45

5

21
10

2

9

-

30

2

4

64
26
38
37

24
23

2

”

”

16
16
“

34

74
17
57

12C

86

55

70
16

1
49

11

-

54

13

49

6

11
23
-

15

6

65

10
2
8
8

58
14
44
27

12
-

12
-

10

12
5

-

40
18

3

3

22

2

-

14

-

9
-

7
3

9

4

-

-

22
11
11
11

3

3

9

2

~

”

21

11
2

“

20
20

-

-

2

"

-

16
13

19

-

2

-

-

-

3
3

16
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1965)

*

Number o f w orkers re ceivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$
$
$
$
$
I
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
*
1.80 1.90 2 . CO2.1 0 2.20 2.30 2.4C 2.50 2.6 0 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.2 0 3.30 3.40

$
$
$
1 . 2 0 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1 .
and
under
~
~

Occupation 1 and industry division

$

i

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.8C 1.90 2.00 2.1 0 2.20 2.30 2.4C 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.1 0 3.20 3.3 0 3.4 0 over

3, B65
743
3, 1 2 ?
} , 62b
875
481
127

$
2.91
2.71
2.9 5
3.11
2.89
2.74
2.24

$
3.11
2.62
3.12
3.14
2.93
2.71
2.35

$
2 .6 6 2 .3 6 2 .7 6 3 .1 1 2 .6 9 2.5C 2 . OR-

$
3.17
3.22
3.17
3.17
3.23
3.13
2.51

372
198
174
55

2.39
2.59
2.16
2.C7

2.37
2.51
2.21
2.C9

2.C 72 .3 2 1 .8 3 1 .8 7 -

2.71
3.00
2.47
2.34

TRUCKDRIVERS, MECIUM (1-1/2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TC.NS) -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U T ILITIE S 5 ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

1,274
270
1,004
341
40C
230

2.80
2.78
2.61
3.14
2.69
2.58

2.77
2.59
2.77
3.15
2.71
2.62

2 .5 5 2 .3 3 2 .5 9 3 .1 2 2 .5 7 2 .5 2 -

3.14
3.34
3.13
3.17
2.79
2.75

TRUCKCRIVERS', HEAVY (CVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TY Pt) ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T ILIT IE S 5--------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RtTAIL TRACE ---------------------------

1,484
193
1,291
744
382
137

3.1C
2.78
3.14
3.15
3.13
3.13

3.15
2.76
3.16
3.15
3.24
3.32

3. 11- 3.21
2 .5 1 3 .1 2 - 3.21
3 .1 32 .9 9 3 .1 2 - 3.36

TRUCKCRIVEKS,
AVY (CVER 4 TUNS,
CTFER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------

513
49
464
50

3.03
2.73
3.06
2.92

3.13
3.14
2.93

3.0C 2 .3 8 3 .1 0 2 .7 5 -

3.17
3.05
3.17
2.99

TRUCKERS, POWER ( FCRKLI FT) ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------------RETAIL TKALfc ----------------------------

955
495
460
155
168

2.63
2.49
2. 78
2.78

2.58
2.45
2.96
2.84
3.03

2 .3 5 2 .2 5 2 .5 2 2 .4 5 2 .5 6 -

2.98
2.69
3.12
2.94
3.10

TRUCKERS, PCWtK (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------MANUFACTURING

173
168

2.66
2.66

2.61
2.61

2 .5 1 - 2.94
2 .5 1 - 2.93

TRUCK LRIVEP S 6 --------------MANUFACTURING ---------WONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T IL IT IF S 5WHCLESALE TRACE —
RITAIL TRACE -------SERVICES --------------TRUCKORIVERS » LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------SERVICES ---------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

2 .6?

2.68

26
11
15
-

15
-

-

16
16
4
12
-

-

15
2
4
9
-

-

-

37
37
1
11
3
21

20
12
8
3
-

31
21
1C
1
-

-

-

5
4
4
1

12
44

160
56
104
6
28
63
4

281
70
211
92
86
31

153
60
93
4
63
23
1

307
32
275
22
147
103
3

183
7
176
144
17
15

29
5
24
-

54
37
17
16

27
18
9
1

35
33
2
-

11
6
5
-

35
11
24
2

4
3
1
-

31
29
2

71
31
4C

76
29
47

172
19
153

83
3
80
56
23

214
3
21 1

17
2
15

132
78

32
32
-

21

-

5
5

13
6
7
7

37

22
3
19

46
27
19
2

72
45
27

-

6

8
9

10
15
1

25
16
9
7

18
9
9
7

1

26
18
8

-

177
120
57
-

-

25

15
-

-

25
21

9

-

-

12
12

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

2
-

-

9

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

12

28
18

88
65

11
11

26
11
15
-

28
28

18
9
9

56
7
49

7
-

7
-

9
-

15
-

-

-

-

-

1

205
24
181
13
166
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

-

-

36

-

-

36

15

8
8

4
4

15
2
13
11
2

56
47
9

60
55
5

44
40
4

76
74
2

-

-

-

-

2

5

4

-

15
11
4

-

-

8

4
12

12

-

18
18

-

227
-

-

2
-

-

2
2
-

-

4

345

-

15

94
20
74
11
61
2

21
18
3

17
17

3
-

17
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

345
323
22
-

-

88
4
84

59
49
10

771
771

244
35
209

84
-

10
-

27

2
2

21
21
21

21
18
3

338

-

-

-

268
148
120
19
1
10 0

64
6
58

53
49
4
-

-

102
99
3
3
-

-

-

58
-

5
5
-

81

58

81

56

209
-

1
80

758

12
2
10
10

12
-

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

264
37
227

-

-

2

84 1456
67
17 1456
4 1407
10
22
3
27

744

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay fo r o vertim e and for w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
Includes a ll d rivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
A ll workers w ere at $3.40 to $3.50.
A ll w orkers w ere at $3. 50 to $3. 60.




15

-

-

2

107
61
46
36
-

117
74
43
10
18

27
22
5
3
1

2
2

5
5

48
46

3C
30

-

37
12

-

15

-

-

-

-

338
-

21
3
18
18
-

176
110
66
66
-

65
1
64
64

140
1
139
39

10
10

14
14

6
3

3
3

-

-

12

-

1
1
-

-

-

2
2

1 822
1 22

-

-

17
B.

E stab lish m en t P ra c tic e s and Su pp lem en tary W age P ro v isio n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers

( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c to b e r 1965)

In e x p e r ie n c e d t y p is t s
M a n u fa c tu rin g

M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r y 1

A ll

B ased

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

c le ric a l w o rk e rs 2

M a n u f a c t u r in g

on s ta n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll

in d u s t rie s

B ased

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

in d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

3 7 l /2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

36V4

37V2

A ll

40

s c h e d u le s

37V2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3674

37 V 2

40

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s t u d ie d .

287

88

XXX

XXX

19 9

X XX

X XX

XXX

287

88

XXX

X XX

199

XXX

X XX

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ____

145

51

10

35

94

12

16

44

157

56

11

39

101

13

19

45

2

_

_

_

2

4

.

_

_

4

_

8

3

15

2

-

2
_

13

1
_

3

2
-

1
-

_

-

1
-

1

6

$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0
$ 9 0 .0 0
$ 9 2 .5 0
$ 9 5 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and

u n der
u n der
u n der
u n der
u n der
u n der
u nder
u nder
un der
un der
u nder
u n der
un der
un der
un der
un der
u nder
u n der
un der
over.

$ 5 0 .0 0 .
$ 5 2 .5 0 .
$ 5 5 .0 0 .
$ 5 7 .5 0 .

10

2

9
33

2

1

7

1

1

2

13

3

1

12

3

8

21

7

6

3

45

15

4

$ 60.0 0 .

17

8

1

3

1

3

3

13

7

1

$ 6 2 .5 0 .
$ 6 5 .0 0 .
$ 6 7 .5 0 .
$ 7 0 .0 0 .
$ 7 2 .5 0 .
$ 7 5 .0 0 .
$ 7 7 .5 0 .
$ 8 0 .0 0 .
$ 8 2 .5 0 .
$ 8 5 .0 0 .
$ 8 7 .5 0 .
$ 9 0 .0 0 .
$ 9 2 .5 0 .
$ 9 5 .0 0 .

33

11

2

9
22

11

3

5

7

5

7

2

3
-

12
1

26

8

3
1

3

5

3

2
_

3

6

3

3

6

2

_

7

2
1

2

3

2

1

2

6

9
1

9
2

3

8

15

_

1

10

3

2

_
_

1
1

1

2

2

4

_

_

4

-

2

4

_

4

_

1
1

3

_
_

3

2
-

2

5

-

-

3

3

-

1
-

-

2
1

5

-

-

5

6

_

4

1

2

1

_
_

9
2

-

-

-

_

2

-

2

2

-

-

l

:

:

i

1

-

-

-

1
_

-

-

2
1

_

_

_

3

2

-

2

1

-

-

2

2

2

1
2

“

1

1

"
1

1

1

-

1
1

1

19

XXX

XXX

52

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
i n t h i s c a t e g o r y ____________

71

18

XXX

XXX

53

XXX

-

-

XXX

XXX

2

“

1

1

-

1

-

3

fo r

1
24

XXX

48

XXX

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th a t a r e p a id
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , an d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .

-

82

1
XXX

8

XXX

s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

_

3

1

3

-

1

.

_

1

2

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

1
-

71

-

■

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ___________




10
30

9
4

1

-

-

1

"

"

-

J
-

1
XXX

XXX

-

-

-

-

1

_

-

1

1
1
2

-

2

-

58

XXX

XXX

40

XXX

XXX

XXX

XXX

18




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n tia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s by type and am o u n t o f d iffe r e n tia l,
B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b er 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g p lan t w o r k e r s—
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c t u a lly w o r k in g on —

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o r k

T o t a l ___________________________________________________________

80. 0

70. 5

11. 3

3. 3

W ith s h ift p a y d if f e r e n t ia l

78. 9

69. 5

11. 2

3. 2

34. 8

29. 6

4. 8

1. 6

U n ifo r m

c e n t s ( p e r h o u r ) ___

5 ce n ts
6 c e n t s _______________________________________________
7 ce n ts
7 V 2 c e n t s _____________________________________________

8 c e n t s _______________________________________________
9 c e n t s _______________________________________________
10 c e n t s ____________________ _______________________
1 l V 2 c e n t s ___________________________________________
12 c e n t s
1 2 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 3 c e n t s ______________________________________________
15 c e n t s ______________________________________________
16 c e n t s ______________________________________________
19 c e n t s ______________________________________________
20 c e n t s ______________________________________________
2 1 V 3 c e n t s ___________________________________________
25 c e n t s ______________________________________________
U n ifo r m

p e r c e n t a g e _________________________________

5 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________
7 p e r c e n t ____________________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------------------

10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________________
I 2 V2 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
15 p e r c e n t ___________________________________________

7. 2
2. 0
1. 6
1 .4
2. 8
. 8
13. 6
. 7
2. 2
1 .4
. 7
. 2
-

S e c o n d s h ift

_

1. 1
. 4
. 1
-

_
1. 1
4. 4

_
( 13
2)

. 4
. 2

0
8
7
1

. 1
_
. 6
. l

( 2)
. 5
. 1
. 2
-

3. 6
2. 2
-

(2 )

. 7
. 2

( 2)
. 2
_
( 2)
. 4
_

-

(2)
(2)
1. 2

34. 1

33. 0

5. 1

3.
4.
1.
24.

2
0
0
0

1. 1
4. 0
22. 7

.
.
.
3.

1 .9

1. 0
4. 1

-

_

1 .9
_

.9
10.
.
2.
3.
-

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift

2

_

4

. 1
-

2
8

. 5
-

. 8
(2)
. 3

F u l l d a y ' s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ______________

2 .9

1. 0

. 2

O t h e r f o r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________

3 7. 1

3 5. 9

1. 0

.4

W i t h n o s h i f t p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------

1. 1

1. 1

’ 1

(2)

i

-

1 In c lu d es e st a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith fo r m a l p r o v is io n s co v e rin g la te sh ifts
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n tly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s .
2 L e s s thr^n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t.
3 In c lu d es c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n tia ls w hich v a r y by la b o r g r a d e , and a co m b in atio n o f p e r c e n t d iffe r e n tia l p lu s p aid
lunch p e r io d not giv en f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s .

19
Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1965)
O ffic e w o r k e r s

P la n t w o r k e r s
W e e k ly , h o u rs

AH
industries1

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

U n d e r 35 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------— ~ ~ — -------------- 35 h o u r s - ----O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 6 % h o u r s ---------------------------3 6 l/| h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 6 V4 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V 2 h o u r s -----------------------3 7 V2 h o u r s
------------------ --------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 a n d u n d e r 38 h o u r s ---------------------------38 h o u r s -----------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 38 a n d u n d e r 3 8 % h o u r s ------------------------3 8 % h o u r s -------------- —
...............- -----------------------3 8 % h o u r s ----- --------------------- ----------------------------O v e r 3 8 % a n d u n d e r 4 0 h o u r s ----------------------- —
4 0 h o u r s - ----- --------------------- - ---------------------------O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s -------------------------------4 4 a n d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ----------------------------------------48 h ou rs
---------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 8 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------

1
3
-

5
-

1
2
-

12

-

2
-

2

-

1
-

9
6

3
-

-

-

2

-

1
2
3
4

(4 )
1
5
1
1
2
(4 )
(4 )
75
2
5
3
1

4
-

-

-

6
-

-

-

-

79

95
-

88

-

4
1

-

9
3

4
2

-

In clu des d ata fo r r e a l e sta te in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a r a t e ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er pu blic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




9
1
52
7

Services

-

-

1
-

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

13
1
8
6
25
1
4
1
1
4

12
-

(4 )

0

42

(4 )
36

-

-

-

5
3

4
2

Finance3

Services

100

100

100

7
1
2
-

10
-

12
-

23

26
3
1
3
9
8
1
30

18
3
18
15
31

8
-

(4 )

-

-

-

-

-

12
-

64
-

57

53

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4
-

-

3
6
11

-

78

-

(4 )
19
1
-

Retail trade

11
2
-

8
-

2

59

-

-

20
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1965)
Plan t w o rk ers
Item

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------

O ffic e w o rk ers

All
Industries1

-------------

W o rk ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________
W ork ers in establishm ents p rovid in g
no paid holidays ------------------ ------ — -----

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

95

91

99

100

100

100

98

100

99

2

-

“

“

5

9

<
4)

“

“

“

2

“

1

4
5
6
1
22
1
1
21
3
1
22
3
2
7
1
“

1
4
6
1
25
1
1
22
4
2
15
6
3
6
1
-

1
2
12
15
11
40
1
17
“

5
6
3
12
51
19
4
"

5
6
1
26
24
3
29
1
“

19
14
5
11
(4
_)

(4 )
3
8
5
25
6
3
15
5
5
24
1
(4)

_
1
3
5
5
56
(4 )

5
3
26
6
33

24
6
“

1
5
2
15
39
35
3
"

_
-

23
6
2
10
”

(4)
1
2
7
2
(4 )
14
3
1
20
3
2
34
11
(4)
1
1
(4)

2
13
2
52
28
2
“

_
4
4
15
1
2
18
18
1
36
~

1
10
13
36
38
60
61
83
83
89
94
96
97
97
97
98

1
10
16
33
38
61
62
88
89
95
99
100
100
100
100
100

17
19
59
59
70
70
85
85
97
99
99
99
100
100
100

4
24
24
75
75
86
89
95
95
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

1
1
1
30
33
57
57
82
82
84
90
92
92
92
94
95

10
13
19
19
42
42
53
53
58
72
81
87
89
89
91

(4 )
1
2
13
48
51
71
74
87
90
97
97
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

C)
(4
(4)
1
30
35
52
59
83
88
97
97
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
6
31
31
87
87
92
92
96
96
99
100
100
100
100
100
100

2
2
30
82
85
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

36
37
56
57
75
76
91
91
95
99
99
99
99
99
99

N u m ber o f days
L e s s than 6 holidays ----------------- --------------6 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------7 holidays — _ ------- ------------ ----------------- _
7 holidays plus 1 h a lf day — ------------------------8 h o lid a y s -------------------------------------- ------ —
------ — ---- _
8 holidays plus 1 h a lf day
8 holidays plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------8 holidays plus 3 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------9 holidays _ __ ________________________________
9 holidays plus 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------9 holidays plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------10 holidays
---- —
—
— —
--------10 holidays plus 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------10 holidays plus 2 h a lf days
--- ------------11 VinliHays
__
__ ___
-----— —
11 holidays plus 1 h a lf day _
11 holidays plus 2 h a lf days —
~
--------12 h olid a ys--------------------------------------------------13 h olid a ys---- ----------- — ------ --------13 holidays plus 1 h a lf d a y ----------------------------

0
(4)
16
(4)
6
3
"

(4)

T o ta l h olida y t im e 5
13V2 days----------------------------------------------------13 days o r m o r e _________________________________
12 days o r m o r e ------ — —
---— ------II V 2 days o r m o re ---------------------------------------11 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o re ---------------------------------------10 days o r m o re -------------------------------------------9 V2 days o r m o r e ----- ------ — ------ -------- 9 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------8 V2 days o r m o r e ------------------ --------- -------8 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------7 V2 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------6 days o r m o re - -------------------------------------- 5 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------2 days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------1 day o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

-

3
38
38
76
76
92
94
99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

-

3
9
9
9
25
26
58
64
90
90
94
98
98
98
98
98
98

Includes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry division s shown sep a ra te ly.
Tran sp o rta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s.
Finance, insurance, and r e a l estate.
L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.
A l l com binations o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e amount a re com bined; Cor exam ple, the p ro p o rtio n o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g a tota l o f 7 days includes those with 7 fu ll days and
days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf days, 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf days, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w e re then cumulated.




21
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1965)
Plan t w o rk ers
V acation p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

All ,
industries2

O ffic e w o rk ers
Services

All
industries

100

100

100
100
"

100
100
-

93
79
14
-

-

-

7

5
43
2
2

7
42
_

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99
88
12
-

100
81
19
-

100
97
3
"

-

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

ffnaoea4

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(5)
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
11
8
2

4
42
10
27

1
64
7
11

1
26
11
38

1
53
11
6

7
53
2
-

7
24
14
49

3
36
13
32

7
_
87
1
5

6
_
90
2
2

13
_
87
_

10
_
90
_

27
_
73
-

-

-

-

M ethod o f paym ent
W o rk ers in establish m ents provid in g
paid vacation s _ _ ____
_________________ _ _
L e n g th -o f-tim e pa ym en t______________________
P e rc e n ta g e paym ent___________________________
F la t-su m pa ym en t_____________________________
W o rk e rs in establishm ents p rovid ing
no paid vacation s

1

Am ount of vacation p a y 6
A ft e r 6 months o f s e r v ic e
Under 1 w eek __________
__
__ __
______
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w eeks
2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

_

21
25
2
4

34
17
_
(5)

25
9
36

61
1
35
1
2

75
2
20
3

25
_
75
-

36
_
64
-

47
_
53
_

-

-

67
_
21
5
-

35
10
52
2
2

51
19
25
2
3

20
_
78
1

25
(5)
75
-

10
_
90
"

25
63
5
"

1
1
89
3
5

3
_
92
3
2

2
10
88
-

3
_
97
-

_
100
-

9
12
75
2
2

12
24
59
2
3

6
_
90

3
5
93
_

2
_
98
_
-

(5)
1
92
4
2

(5)

2
_
95
3
-

_
100
-

-

1
(5)
90
4
6

2
_
98
_

4

13
_
75
5
-

8
12
75
2
3

11
22
60
2
5

2
_
93
4

3
5
88
5

2
98
_

13
75
5
-

1
(5)
87
4
8

(5)
1
90
4
4

2
98
(5)

2
81
3
14
(5)

1
85
5
9
■

_
96
_
3
1

3
84
13
■

2
62
36

3
84
5
1
”

(5)
67
7
26
“

_
82
6
12

98
2
"

-

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks __ _____
__ _ _
_____ ______
O ver 2 and under 3 weeks
3 w e e k s ___________ _____
_ ____________

_
_
90
_
10

11
_
84
5
-

A ft e r 2 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eeks
__
__
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

_

_
_
85
2
12

3
_
81
16
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w seks
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____ _______________ __________ _______

_

_

-

_
85
2
12

3
_
74
16
7

2
95
3
-

100
-

_
81
3
16

3
74
16
7

2
84
14
“

_
66
34
“

_
47
10
43
“

1
63
16
20
"

A ft e r 4 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 wppk
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________ ___ _____ _____

-

A ft e r 5 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek_____ ________ _____ __ ____ ____ __________ ____
2 w e e k s _________ _________ ___ _________ _____ _____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks _______ ____ _____ _____ _________ _____ _______
4 w eeks
__ __
__ _______
_____

See footnotes at end o f table.




22
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1965)
Plan t w o rk ers

O ffic e w o rk ers

V a ca tion p o lic y
A ll
.
in dustries1
2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities3

W holesale
trade

R e tail trade

Services

A ll
industries

M a nufacturin g

Pu b lic
u tilities3

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

Fin ance 4

Services

Am ount o f va ca tion pay 6 Continued
—
A ft e r 10 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek . _
_
___
_
____
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
_____________________________________ ______
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2
27
6
56
(* )
9

1
31
11
55

(5)
18
4
72
1
4

22
3
72
1
2

83

-

-

-

48
3
5

47

30

3
33
3
52
2
-

29

-

1
27
2
63
3
5

-

-

-

-

2

1

8

2
21
8
60
(5)
9

1
23
14
59
2

_
13
_
86
_
1

3
12
4
73
_
8

2
17
51
_
30

3
27
3
58
2
-

(5)
15
5
74
1
4

_
17
5
75
1
2

_
14
_
86
_
-

2
31
_
59
3
5

_
24
_
47
_
29

_
6
9
84
_
-

1
27
2
63
3
5

2
13
(5)
67
1
16

1
14

_

-

_

3
5

2
14

(5)
6
(5)
85
2
7

2

2
14

9

3

-

3
18
3
67
2
-

_
7

-

_

_

_

_

_

87

98

3
18
3
58
2
9
-

(5)
6
(5)
54
3
37
(5)

3
18
3
58
2
9
-

(5)
5
(5)
22
1
70
2

3
18
3
58
2
9
“

(5)
5
(5)
22
(5)
70
3

_

24
-

75

3
24
4
61

2
17
-

51

_

_

17
_

-

2
42
-

_

24
-

_

6
9
84

A ft e r 12 ye a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w e e k s ___ ___________________________ _____ __ ___
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eeks
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek _
2 w e e k s ___________________ _________________ ____
O ver 2 and under 3 w eeks
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s __
_
__
4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------

77
(5)
8

99
_

1

_

76
3
13

50

33
_

_

_

6

1

_

75
1
8

41

51
_

_

93
3
(5)

1
12
2
78
3
5

A ft e r 20 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 W#»«k
2 w e e k s __________ _________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________ _________________________
3 w e e k s __________ ___________ ___ __________ ______ ______ ______ ____
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________
_____
_________ ____ _
O ver 4 w eek s— ____

2
12
(5)
41
1
43
1

1
13

_
-

3
5

2
14

-

-

-

-

46
1
39

39

53
3
28
8

18

-

-

58
3

_

66
-

_

_

_

2

2
14

_

6

9

2

-

-

_

_

-

54
_

40
-

45
_

53
(5)

43
1
35
5

34
_

57
-

64
6
27
-

1
12
2
50
3
33
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e ek _________________________________________________________________________
2 w e e k s __ _____________ ___________ _______ _________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____________________ _____________
4 w eeks _ _
O ver 4 w eek s _____________________________________________________________

2
12
(5)
26
2
55
2

1
13

_
-

3
4

-

-

_

28
3
52
3

2
95
3

49
3
33
8

72
-

1
13

_

3
4

2
12

-

-

-

-

28
2
52
4

i

95
3

49
3
33
8

72
“

-

2
12
_

14
-

6

2

2
12

9

1

-

-

-

_

-

_

25
2
65
2

_

7
-

91
(5)

_

41
1
35
9

65
-

26
-

_

13
-

83
3

1
12
2
39
3
44
-

A ft e r 30 y e a rs o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____
_____
_
___________________
_
_
2 w e e k s ______________________________________________________________________
O v e r .2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________________________
3 w eeks
.T
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________________________
4 w e e k s _____ _________ ___ ___________ _________________ ____
O ver 4 w eeks _______
__ _______
____________

2
12
(5)
26
1
55
3

_

-

14
-

6

2

2
12

9

1

-

-

-

-

-

25
(5)
64
4

7

_

_

-

91
(5)

41
1
35
9

_

26
-

65
"

_

13
_

83
3

1
12
2
39
3
44
-

1 Includes ba sic plans only. Excludes plans such as va ca tion -sa vin gs and those plans w hich o ffe r "ex te n d e d " o r "s a b b a tic a l" ben efits beyond b asic plans to w o rk ers w ith qu alifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such exclu sions a re plans in the ste e l, aluminum , and can in du stries.
2 Includes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those industry d ivis ion s shown sep ara te ly.
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Fin a n ce, in su rance, and r e a l estate.
5 L e s s than 0.5 percen t.
6 Includes paym ents oth er than "len gth o f t i m e , " such as p ercen tag e o f annual earn in gs o r fla t-su m paym ents, co n verted toan equ ivalent tim e ba sis; fo r exam ple, a
paym ent o f 2 percen t
o f annual earn in gs w as co n s id ere d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in dividu al p ro vis io n s fo r p ro g re s s io n s . F o r exam ple, the changes
in p rop o rtio n s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o ccu rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a tes a re cu m u lative. Thus, the p rop o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w eek s ' pay o r m o re
a fte r 5 y e a r s includes those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




23
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk e rs in a ll indu stries and in industry d ivis io n s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g
health, in su rance, o r pension b e n e fits , 1 Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1965)
Plant w o rk ers
T y p e o f b en efit

A ll
.
in dustries2

O ffic e w o rk ers

M a nufacturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities3

W holesale
trade

R e tail trade

Services

A ll
industries

M anufacturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities3

W holesale
trade

R e tail trade

F in a n c e 4

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in su ra n c e_________________________________
A cc id e n ta l death and dism em b erm en t
insuranc e______________ _______________________
Sickness and accident insurance o r
sick le a v e o r both 5

91

95

92

95

87

85

96

94

99

95

87

98

98

62

67

76

62

46

65

57

64

82

52

49

45

68

90

95

89

90

86

77

80

93

96

75

88

65

74

Sickness and accident insurance
Sick lea ve (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g period )
Sick le a v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w a itin g p e r io d )____________________________

71

86

37

59

58

60

42

64

33

36

39

24

59

20

9

30

43

33

27

62

78

79

55

35

60

42

14

7

39

11

26

3

6

3

8

7

40

-

"

H o sp ita liza tio n in su rance________________ _____
S u rgica l insu rance____ ____
____
_____
___
M e d ic a l in su ra n c e.
C atastroph e insurance_____
R etirem en t pension____________________________
No health, insurance, o r pension plan—

91
91
85
46
69
2

96
97
89
55
77

97
97
92
86
86

100
96
86
61
69

81
81
81
18
65
2

81
81
76
28
32
12

94
94
87
79
84
1

96
96
93
76
87
2

99
95
89
79
64

83
82
82
47
64

95
95
85
91
95
( 6)

87
87
73
71
74
2

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

W o rk ers in establish m ents p rovid in g:

99
99
97
86
82

Includes those plans fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the cost is borne by the e m p lo y er, except those le g a lly re q u ire d , such as w ork m e n ’ s com pensation, so cia l secu rity,
2 In c lu d e s

d a ta

fo r

real

es ta te

in

a d d itio n

to

th o s e

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n s

sh ow n

and ra ilr o a d re tirem e n t.

s e p a r a te ly .

3 T ra n sp o rta tion , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 F in an ce, insurance, and r e a l estate.
5 Unduplicated tota l o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick lea ve o r sickness and accident insurance shown sep a ra te ly below . Sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly establish
m inim um num ber o f days* pay that can be expected by each em ployee. In fo rm a l sick lea ve allow an ces d eterm in ed on an in dividu al ba sis a re excluded.
6 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.




at lea st the

24
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and Their Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o ffic e w o rk ers in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry division s em ployed in establish m ents provid in g health insurance ben efits
c o v e r in g em p loy ees and th e ir dependents, Boston, M a s s ., O ctober 1965)
Plan t w ork ers
Type o f ben efit, c o v e ra g e , and financing 1

A ll
,
industries

O ffic e w o rk ers

W holesale
trade

R e tail trade

100

W ork ers in establishm ents providing:
H o sp ita liza tio n in su rance--------— -----C o verin g em p loyees o n ly -------— ---E m p loy er financed-------- ------ — ---Jointly financed_________________________
C o verin g em p loyees and th e ir
dependents------------------ -------- — ---E m p loy er financed---------------------------Jointly financed_________________________
E m p lo y er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents----- —_

M anufacturin g

P u b lic ,
utilities

Services

A ll
industries

100

100

100

100

100

91
17
13
4

96
8
8
1

97
6
6
-

100
7
5
1

81
29
18
11

74
36
31

87
49
29

91
28
43

93
37
53

53
22
31

M a n u facturin g

P u b lic ,
u tilitie s '

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

Fin anoe1
4
3
2

S reiM
e .

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

81
42
37
5

94
17
14
3

96
14
13

(5)

99
4
4
-

99
19
11
8

83
34
25
9

95
17
14
2

87
22
19
4

39
12
27

77
25
45

82
36
39

96
25
43

80
10
59

50
14
36

78
26
49

64
2
47

7

10

20

3

-

(5)

7

6

27

11

~

3

14

91
16
13
4

97
8
8
1

97
6
6
-

96
7
5
1

81
28
17
11

81
42
37
5

94
17
14
3

96
14
13

(5)

99
4
4
-

95
19
11
8

82
32
24
9

95
17
14
2

87
22
19
4

75
36
32

88
49
30

91
28
43

89
32
53

53
22
31

39
12
27

77
25
45

83
36
40

96
25
43

76
7
59

50
14
36

78
26
49

64
2
47

7

10

20

3

-

(5)

7

6

27

11

-

3

14

M ed ica l insu rance - __ — __ _ ---C o verin g em p loyees o n ly ----------------------E m p loy er financed______________________
Jointly financed--------------------------------C o verin g em p loy ees and th e ir
dependents----------------------------------------E m p loy er financed __ — __ _ — —
Jointly financed_________________________
E m p loy er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents--------

85
15
12
4

89
7
6
1

92
6
6
-

86
5
3
1

81
29
17
12

76
40
37
3

87
16
13
3

93
12
12

89
16
8

8

82
33
24
9

85
17
14
2

73
21
17

(5)

97
4
4
-

70
32
32

82
45
29

85
22
43

81
27
52

53
19
34

36
12
24

71
20

80
35
40

93
22
43

73
7
58

50
12
38

68
17
49

52
2
35

6

8

20

3

"

(5)

7

6

27

9

-

3

14

Catastrophe in su rance------------------------------C o verin g em p loy ees o n ly ------- - — —
E m p loy er financed---------------Jointly financed---- ----------- _ — —
C o verin g em p loy ees and th e ir
de pe nde nt s ________________________________
E m p lo y er financed
_____
-_
Jointly financed— —
— __ _
E m p loy er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents— _

46
3
2
1

55
2
2
-

86
6
5

61

18

86

4

79
10

76

4

4

4

2
1

2

2

28
7
7
-

4

3
1

79
11
5
6

47
17
11
5

91
14
12

71
7
6

43
15

79
54
10

57

14
12

31
3
28

77

47

21
4
17

70

22

54
18
28

27
48

64
2
48

5

7

15

2

3

14

S u rgica l in su rance------------------------------------C o verin g em p loyees o n ly ----------------------E m p lo y er financed___ — _____ — __
Jointly financed__________________ _______
C o verin g em p loyees and th e ir
de pe nde nt s ___________ ___ __ _____________
E m p l o y e r f i n a n c e d -----------------------------------

Jointly financed___ ___
____ — __
E m p loy er financed fo r em p loyees;
jo in tly financed fo r dependents--------

2

8

2

(5)

44

8
2

(5)

82
57

41

72
24
41

8

68
5
60

6

7

17

3

22

2

4

1

1 Includes plans fo r which at lea st a part o f the co st is borne b y the em p loy er. See footnote 1, table B - 6 . An establish m ent was con sidered as provid in g b en efits to em p loy ees fo r th eir
dependents i f such c o v e r a g e was a va ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo rity o f those em p loyees one would usually expect to have dependents, e . g . , m a r rie d men, even though they w e re le s s than a m a jo rity
o f a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs .
The em p loy er b ea rs the en tire co st o f "e m p lo y e r fin an ced" plans.
The em p lo y er and em p loyee share the co st o f "jo in tly fin a n ced " plans.
2 Includes data fo r r e a l estate in addition to those in du stry d ivision s shown sep ara tely.
3 Tran sportation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Fin ance, insurance, and re a l estate.
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.




25
Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t of p la n t an d o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ,
b y ty p e of p la n , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c to b e r 1965)
P la n t w o r k e r s

O ffic e w o r k e r s

T y p e o f p la n
A ll
,
industries^

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s _______
___ _
_____

____

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t

M anufacturin g

Pu b lic ,
utilities

W holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

15

16

14

19

1

2

10

10

3

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e fe r r e d

2

4

9

M anufacturin g

P u b lic ?
utilities

W holesale
trade

R etail trade

F in a n c e 4

Srie
evos

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

19

21

1

20

21

17

30

1

3

10

A ll
industries

14

13

P la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r e m p l o y e e 's
c h o ic e o f m e th o d o f d is t r ib u t io n
W o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s _______________________________

1
advance
p la n t o r
2
3
4
5

2

(5)

85

5

6

84

98

1

(5)

86

81

91

81

99

20

13

1

14

1
79

1

5

12

4

9

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r b o th c u r r e n t

and d p fp rr e d d istrib u tio n

3

5

1
80

1
1

Fin ance,

insurance,

and re a l estate.

th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




83

79

T h e s t u d y w a s l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v i n g e s t a b l i s h e d f o r m u l a s f o r th e a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s a m o n g e m p l o y e e s ; ( 2 ) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d
o f th e d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o f i t s ; (3 ) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m it m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y t o m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n t r ib u t io n s b a s e d o n p r o f i t s ; a n d (4 ) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x t e n d s
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e in a d d i t i o n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Less

18

to
to

70

th e e m p l o y e e s in
a m a j o r i t y o f th e




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau*s last survey, occupational descriptions for sec­
retary were revised in order to obtain salary information for more specific
categories.

the organization and the scope of the supervisors position are considered
in distinguishing these levels# Data published under the composite title
of secretary are not comparable to data previously published#

The revised descriptions for secretary (classes A , B, C, and D)
classify these workers according to levels of responsibility. The size of

The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




27




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

29

30
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for m aterial or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

31
KEYPU N CH O PERA TO R— Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following; (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5,000 persons; or

32
SEC R ET A R Y — Continue d

STEN O GRAPH ER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g . , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, e t c .) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g . , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over, 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and
a.
Secretary to an executive or m anagerial person whose respon­ of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
m aterial for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full
5, O X persons.
C)
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or sim ilar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time assignment.
Class D
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
unit (e. g . , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
tion purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs if the
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g . , giving
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
are referred to another operator.)
sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




33
SW ITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R -R ECEPTIO N IST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the m ajor part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TA BU LA TIN G -M A CH IN E O PERATO R— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRffilNG-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C . Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

34

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN— Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used,, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




35
E L E C T R IC IA N , M AIN TEN AN CE

H ELPER, M AIN TEN AN CE TRA D ES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

36
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Woric involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw rights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woric and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

37
TO O L AND D IE M AKER— Continued

S H EET-M ET A L W O R KER, M AIN TENANCE

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m akers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

38

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsio,r or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study puiposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer cap acity .)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than folk lift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—

The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1 9 6 5 . 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a vailab le bulletins is p resen ted below. A d ire c to ry indicating da te s of e a r l i e r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins may be p urch ase d fro m the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D . C . , 20402,
or from any of the B L S regional s a l e s offices shown on the inside front cover.
A re a

Bulletin number
and p ric e

Akron, Ohio, June 1965----------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y . , Apr. 1965_________
Albuquerque, N. M e x . , Apr. 1 96 5___________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a . — . J . , Feb. 1965—
N
Atlanta, G a . , May 1965_______________________________
B a ltim o re , Md. , Nov. 1964 1 _________________________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T e x . , May 1 96 5------------------P
Birm in gham , A l a . , A pr. 1965 1_______________________
B o is e City, Idaho, July 1 965_________________________
Boston, M a s s . , Oct. 1965 1 __________________________

1430-78, 25
1430-52, 25
1430-62, 20
1430-48, 20
.1430-74, 25
1430-27, 30
1430-66, 20
1430-60, 25
1465-1, 20
1465-12, 30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y . , Dec. 1964 1____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1965 1 ---------------------------------Canton, Ohio, A pr. 196 5 --------------------------------------Charleston, W. Va. , A pr. 1965______________________
Charlotte, N. C . , Apr. 1965__________________________
Chattanooga, T e n n .- G a . , Sept. 1965_________________
Chicago, H I ., A pr. 1965 1 _____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , M ar. 1965______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965__________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1---------------------------------D a lla s , T e x . , Nov. 1 9 6 4 1 ____________________________

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1465-7,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1465-8,
1430-18,
1430-25,

30
25
20
20
25
20
30
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIl l ., Oct. 1964 1_____________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Ja n . 1965---------------------------------------Denver, C o lo ., D ec. 1964 ------------------------------------D es Moines, Iowa, F eb . 1965--------------------------------Detroit, M ich ., J a n . 1965 1 __________________________
F o r t Worth, T e x . , Nov. 1964 1_______________________
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1965__________________________
Greenville, S. C . , May 1965__________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1965______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1964__________________________

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1465-4,
1430-69,
1430-82,
1430-30,

25
25
25
20
30
30
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1430-75,
1465-6,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,
1465-2,
1430-40,
1430-29,

20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Ja ck so n , M i s s . , Feb. 1965___________________________
Ja ck so n v ille , F l a . , J a n . 1965 1 _______________________
K a n s a s City, Mo. — a n s . , Nov. 1 9 6 4 _________________
K
Law rence—
Haverhill, M a s s . — . H . , June 1965----------N
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k . , Aug. 1965______
L o s A ngeles—
Long Beach, C a l i f . , M ar. 1965 1 _______
Louisville, K y .—
Ind., F eb . 1965 1--------------------------Lubbock, T e x . , June 1 9 6 5____________________________
M anchester, N. H . , Aug. 1965________________________
Memphis, T erm ., Ja n . 1965__________________________
Miami, F l a . , D ec. 1964---------------------------------------Midland and O d e ss a , T e x --------------------------------------

* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys."




Milwaukee,

Wis.,

Apr.

1 9 6 5 1 __________________________

M i n n e a p o l i s — St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 __________
M u s k e g o n — M u s k e g o n Heights, M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 5 _
_
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b . 1 9 6 5 __________
N e w

Haven,

N e w
N e w

O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 5 1 ________________________
Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 __________________________

Conn.,

Jan.

1 9 6 5 --------------------------

Norfolk— P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
Oklahoma
Omaha,

City,

Okla. , A u g .

N e b r . — Iowa,

Oct.

1 9 6 5 _____________________

1 9 6 4 ------------------------

P a t e r s o n — C l i f t o n — P a s s a i c , N . J . , M a y 1 9 6 5 ________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 _________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa.,
Portland, Maine,
Portland,

J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
N o v . 1 9 6 4 _____________________________

Oreg. — Wash. , M a y

1 9 6 5 ____________________

P r o v i d e n c e — P a w t u c k e t , R . I.— M a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 5 1 .
.
R a l e i g h , N . C . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 4 ______________________________
Rockford,

HI., M a y

St.

( N o t p r e v io u s ly s u rv e y e d )

Bulletin number
and p rice

A re a

Mo.-111.,

Louis,

1 9 6 5 --------------------------------Oct.

1 9 6 4 1 _____ _________________

S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 4 1 _____________________
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 * _________________________
S a n B e r n a r d i n o — R i v e r s i d e — O n t a r i o , Calif. ,
S e p t . 1 9 6 4 ____________________________________________________
Sa n Diego,

Calif.,

Sept.

1 9 6 4 1 _________________________

S a n F r a n c i s c o — O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 5 1 _______
S a n J o s e , C a l i f _______________________________________________
Savannah,
Scranton,

Ga., M a y
Pa., Aug.

Seattle— Everett,
S i o u x Falls,

S.

1 9 6 5 ________________________________
1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________

Wash.,
Dak.,

Oct.

Oct.

1 9 6 5 1 -------------------

1 9 6 4 _______________________

S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 ____________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
Toledo,
Trenton,

Ohio,

Feb.

N. J . , D e c .

Washington,

1 9 6 5 1 ------------------------------1 9 6 4 1 _____________________________

D. C. — M d . — V a . , Oct.

1 9 6 4 1 ___________

W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 5 __________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 6 4 1 ____________________________
Wichita,

K a n s . , Oct.

Worcester,

Mass.,

York,

Feb.

Pa.,

1 9 6 5 _________________________________
1 9 6 5 __________________________

June

1 9 6 5 ______________________________________

Youngstown— Warren,

O h i o ________________________________

1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1430-80,

25
30
20
25
25
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-77,
1465-5,

25 cents
20 cents

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1465-10,
1430-19,
1430-63,

25
25
35
20
30
25
25
30
25
25
20

1430-22,
1430-33,
1430-81,

30 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

( N o t p r e v io u s ly s u rv e y e d )

1430-64,
1465-3,
1465-9,

20 cents
25 cents
30 cents

1430-15,
1430-54,
1430-79,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1465-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,

20
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
20
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

(Not previously surveyed)


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102