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The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area

September 1965

Bulletin No. 1465-8




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TI STI CS
Ar t hur M. Ross, Comr ms s on e r




Area Wage Survey
The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




September 1965

Bulletin No. 1465-8
November 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale b y the Superintendent of Docum ents, U.S, G overn m en t Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 20402 -

Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied.
After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The
first part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents infor­
mation which has been projected from individual m etro­
politan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups_____—____________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected p eriod s_________________ -__________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations— en and women________________________
m
A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations—
men and women_____________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined______ . ______ __________________
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations__________________
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations___________

Appendix.

Occupational descriptions_______ - ___________________________

Eighty-five areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.
*NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back c o v er.)

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Cleveland, Ohio, in September 1965. The Standard M etro­
politan Statistical Area, as defined by the Bureau of the
Budget through March 1965, consists of Cuyahoga, Geauga,
Lake, and Medina Counties.
This study was conducted by
the Bureau's regional office in Cleveland, Ohio, John W.
Lehman, Director; by Adrien Picard, under the direction
of Edward Chaiken.
The study was under the general
direction of Elliott A. Browar, Assistant Regional Director
for Wages and Industrial Relations.




3

Current reports on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage provisions in the Cleveland area are also
available for the machinery industries (May 1965); auto
dealer repair shops (September 1964); fabricated struc­
tural steel (October 1964); fluid m ilk (September 1964);
and m iscellaneous plastics products (June 1964).
Union
sca les, indicative of prevailing pay lev els, are available
for building construction, printing, local-tran sit operating
em ployees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

H
i

2

3

4
8
8
10
11
13




Area W age Survey----The Cleveland, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e workers, i.e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification.
Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work
schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 85 in which the U.S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by m ail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual e s ­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include; Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among e s ­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry divisions; Manufacturing; tran s­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Major
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which meet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types; (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in the appendix. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -se r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this area.

1

2




Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Cleveland, O h io ,1
by m ajor industry division, 2 September 1965

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions_______

______

_________________

Manufactur ing________________________________
Nonmanufacturing___________________ _________ _
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 ___________________
W holesale tra d e ____________________________
Retail t r a d e ________________________________
Finance, insurance, and real esta te ____
Services 6 7 __________________________________

.

100
■

100
50

100
50
50

Number of establishm ents

W ork ers in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

957

320

363,9 0 0

100

2 4 6 ,5 5 0

429
528

163
157

228,900

63
37

162,460
8 4 ,0 9 0

58
164
70
118
118

25
39
33
30
30

33, 100
2 1 ,5 0 0
43, 600
1 9,700
1 7,100

9

2 7 ,0 5 0
8, 140
3 3 ,7 8 0
8 ,7 4 0
6, 380

1 3 5,000

6
1
2
5
5

1 The Cleveland Standard M etropolitan Statistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through M arch 1965, consists of Cuyahoga,
Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties. The "w o rkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description
of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison
with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent
data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement w ere used in classifying establishm ents by
industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service , and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the minim um limitation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. Cleveland's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded
by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for " a l l indu stries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure' of individual establishm ent data.
7 Hotels; personal serv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.

B ased on estim ates of total employment derived from universe m aterials compiled
prior to actual survey, 63 percent of the em ployees within scope of the survey in Cleveland
w ere employed in manufacturing fir m s . No one manufacturing industry accounted for as much
as on e-fifth of the total manufacturing employment. The following presents m ajor industry
groups and specific industries as a percent f all manufacturing.
Industry group
Transportation equipment--------------17
P rim a ry m e ta ls ___________________ 16
Fabricated m etal p roducts________ 13
M achinery (except e le c tric a l)___ 13
E lectrical m ach in ery_____________ 10
C hem icals__________________________ 6
The proportions in the various i:
are shown in table 1 above.

Specific Industries
M otor vehi c le s and m otor
vehicle equipment________________ 13
B last furnaces, steelw orks, and
rolling and finishing m ills ________
8
Metalworking m achinery and
equipment___________________________
5
y divisions, based on the resu lts of the survey,

3

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change in
average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses, and
in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes A and B
Clerks, file, classes A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes A and B
Office boys and girls
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes A and B
Tabulating-machine operators, class B
Typists, classes A and B

Average weekly
computed for each of the
or hourly earnings were
the jobs during the period

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

salaries or average hourly earnings were
selected occupations. The average salaries
then multiplied by employment in each of
surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings

for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from -the one period to the other.
The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same job;
and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force r e ­
sulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions, and
changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments with
different pay lev els. Changes in the labor force can cause increases
or decreases in the occupational averages without actual wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the proportion of lower
paid workers in a specific occupation and lower the average, whereas
a reduction in the proportion of lower paid workers would have the
opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of a high-paying establish­
ment out of an area could cause the average earnings to drop, even
though no change in rates occurred in other establishments in the area.
Data are adjusted where necessary to remove from the indexes and
percentages of change any significant effect caused by changes in
scope of the survey.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

Table.2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Cleveland, Ohio,
September 1965 and September 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(September 1960=100)
Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase

September 1964 September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September 1960 September 1959
to
September 1965 September 1964
to
to
to
to
to
September 1965 September 1964 September 1963 September 1962 September 1961 September 1960

All industries:
Office clerical (men and women)------Industrial nurses (men and women)----Skilled maintenance ( m en)--------------Unskilled plant (men)----------------------

112.8
115.1
114.2
113.3

109.4
110.6
110.5
110.3

3. 1
4.1
3.4
2.7

1.4
.9
1.1
1.6

2.5
3.3
3.1
2.9

2.7
2.9
3.4
3.1

2.6
3.0
2. 5
2.3

4.0
3.1
3.2
2.9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)------Industrial nurses (men and women)----Skilled maintenance (men)---------------Unskilled plant (men)----------------------

111.2
115 1
114.2
113.0

108.0
110.6
110.4
109.9

2.9
4.1
3.4
2.8

.5
.9
.9
1.5

2.6
3.3
3.0
3.4

2.4
2.9
3.4
2.6

2.4
3.0
2.8
2.2

3.0
3.1
3.1
4.2







A. Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Average
weekly
hours1

N u m ber of w o r k e rs re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e weiek ly e a rn in g s of—
$

$
45

M ean2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

39# 5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 2 2 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0

$
$
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

257
106
151
44

39
39
39
39

9 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
1 C 5 .5 0

9 8 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

685

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 6 . GO
1 2 4 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 9 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 2 0 .0 0 1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 1 . CO 1 2 5 . 5 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 8 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

206
479
477
85

66
341
174
167
93

173

121
52

220

.5
.5
.0
.5

3 9 .C
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 1 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 6 .0 0
1 2 7 . CO 1 2 5 . 0 0
1 2 6 .5 0 1 2 7 .5 0

50

80

S
85

*

%

90

95

(
100

$
105

t
110

$
115

55

60

65

70

75

80

100

105

HO

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

3
2
1

12
6
6
3
-

19
5
14
1
12

12
11
1
1
-

47
32
15
2
11

57
40
17
8
1

35
16
19
14
2

78
47
31
5
17

67
49
18
13
1

58
31
27
10
3

64
43
21
9
10

47
35
12
6
-

66
54
12
6
6

14
6
8
3

46
20
26
1

29
12
17
5

12
6
6
5

16
10
6
6

17
4
13
6

29
16
13
4

4

_

3
1
2
2

_

-

—
-

-

-

—
-

—
-

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

~

2
2

23
3
20
7

4
3
1

~

26
6
20
1

-

“

2
1
1
1

31
8
23
23

39
6
33
33

55
10
45
45

57
12
45
45

53
5
46
48

42
11
31
31

148
27
1 21
121

46
14
32
32

64
19
45
45

27
16
11
11

46
25
21
21

49
37
12
12

16
11
5
3

7
6

5
5

8
8

8
8

16
10

2
2

_

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

_

-

_

5

-

-

-

5
5

5
4
1
1

-

-

4
4

1
1

3
3

2
~

3
1

5
4

2
2

3
3

10
5

6
4

62
26
36
28

90
48
42
28

36
23
13
5

26
10
16
14

20
10
10
4

10
3
7
6

14
6
8
3

14
6
8
2

9
8
1

4
2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

3
2
1

7
5
2

15
11
4

34
27
7

20
15
5

31
17
14

20
14
6

12
6
6

22
16
6

8
7
1

19
19

3
2
1

9
4
5

3
3

1
1
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

«.

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
~

1
1

9
9

**

~

6
6
"*

33
19
14

7
4
3

28
9
19

30
12
18

11
8
3

31
5
26

28
22
6

4
4

15
2
13

3
3

17
4
13

15
10
5

10
8
2

13
10
3

3
3

3
3

7
7

7
7

2
2

23

37
14
23
7
14

10
5
5
5

50
30
20
14
2

9
3
6
5

14
13
1
1

2
2
-

14
12
2
2

1
1
-

8

-

11

48
27
21
7

14
8
6

14
5

22
12
10

14
14
~

5
5

3
3

1
-

11
7
4

21
3
18

40
19
21

25
18
7

3
3
"

-

—

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
8 1 . CO
7 3 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 -

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
8 8 .0 0

9 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 6 . 5C

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

-

_
-

'

6 8 .5 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
6 2 .0 0 - 8 3 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 -1 1 4 .C 0
5 9 .5 0 - 7 9 .0 0

_

4
4
-

-

~

25
13
12

12
8

6
3
3

_

7 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

over

-

_

7 8 .5 0
8 5 . 5G
7 3 . 5C
9 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

150

-

-

.5
.0
.0
.0
.0

$
140

95

-

7 5 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

S
135

90

_

8 7 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

$
130

85

_

8 8 .5 0
9 9 . 5C
7 6 .5 0

125

and

-

3 9 .C
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

S

$
120

-

7 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

108
56
52

32
60

$

%

75

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

-

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

157

%

70

_

0
0
0
0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0

39
39
4 0
4 0
4 0

*
65

36
14
22
1

2 .5
3 .0
2 .5
3 .5

3 9 . 5 1 1 0 . CO
4 0 . 0 1 1 0 .0 0
3 9 . C 1 0 9 .0 0

111

60

13
11
2
2

6
6
6
6

124
96

268

55

$

and
under
50

577
379
198
82
63

$

%

_

-

4
4

_

_

-

-

_
-

.
-

.

.

-

8
8

-

-

-

1
-

1
1

-

-

~

~

2
2

_
-

1
1

-

1
1
-

_
-

-

_

-

-

.
-

-

-

—
-

_

_

-

-

*

-

9
-

9

18
2
16
-

13
4

21
1
20
12

_

_

_

-

-

-

13
-

~

~

13

23
12
11

4
4

4
4

13

—

-

-

l
22
-

0

112
to0
52

21C

121
89

8 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

_
-

~

-

~

—

9
8

8

—
31
23
8

_

1

*
*

1
1

29
27
2

11
10
1

11
8
3

-

1

~

—
10
1
9

_

~

_
-

—
1
1

1
1

-

“

*

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
w
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m ber of w o r k e rs re c e iv in g st r a ig h t -t im e we e k ly e a rn in g s of—
$

$

S

$

$

W
OMEN -

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

S

$

$

$

S

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

1 20

125

1 30

135

140

50

Sex, occupation, ahd industry division

45

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

120

125

130

1 35

140

150

-

15
-

36
9
27
16
11
-

47
3
44
12
13
5

37
7
30
11
2
10

64
29
35
16
12
7

92
34
58
37
3
16

107
48
59
33
5
19

60
19
41
26
1
8

39
20
19
11
1
~

9
6
3
1

14
13
1

2
2

2
1
1

3
1
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

“

-

-

•

-

-

1

6
2
4

3
3

16
16

59
20
39
8
9

102
30
72
18
25

99
34
65
48
11

70
47
23
1
11

114
66
48
19
12

40
23
17
1
-

76
38
38
3
20

33
27
6
1
~

33
21
12

30
13
17
2
7

15
15

-

•

67
28
39
5
15

5
4
1
1
-

50

35
30
5

10

15
13
2
2

2
2

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

and
un d er

CONTINUEO.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -----------------RETAIL TRAD E------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

528
193
335
163
56
70

3 9 ,5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
7 7 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

$
7 8 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

772
390
382
112
114

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL T R A O E ------------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

1 ,6 6 0
709
9 51
181
223
211
220

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

155
59
96
63

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------WHOLESALE TRAD E------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------

488
165
323
110
115

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

$
6
7
6
7
5
7

9
5
5
0
8
2

.5
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

000000-

$
8 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

-

15

8
-

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

_
—
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

~

-

7 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 6 8 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 5 7 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 —

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

_
-

55
11
44
43

55
24
31
4
27

8 4 . 5C
8 5 .5 0
8 3 . 5C
8 4 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 8 1 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

-

_
-

_
-

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

6 9 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 8 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 5 9 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 -

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

_
_

13
5
8
8

71
18
53
25
18

503
184
319
42
53
60
1 41

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 . 5C
7 0 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
5 2 . OC
6 2 .5 0

6 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5
6
5
5
5
5
5

6 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

5

73
5
68
14

130
37
93

-

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------------

380
213
167
1 01

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 6 . 5C

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------RETAIL T RAD E-------------------------

755
483
272
100
69

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRAD E------------------RETAIL TRAOE --------------------------

542
262
280
58
72
130

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta ble.




7 .0 0 0 .5 0 5 .5 0 4 . OC8 .0 0 1 .0 0 7 .5 0 -

5

-

“

1

-

5

44
10

22
10
54

7 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

_
-

22

7

9 2 .0 0
9 2 . 5G
9 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
6 7 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0

_
-

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 1 . 5C
7 8 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 7 .5 0
7 9 . OC
7 5 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 0 .5 0 - 9 1 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0 - 8 3 .5 0

_
-

-

-

-

-

5

6

-

-

114
30
84
8
13
37
21

192
86
106
8
21
20
33

214
88
126
43
28
18
25

242
108
134
40
16
17
47

178
56
122
15
34
27
37

182
84
98
14
44
15
16

125
65
60
20
18
2
13

83
41
42
4
10
1
18

76
32
44
3
24
1
7

2
2

9

9
3

23
12
11
4

9
6
3
2

43
17
26
22

37
4
33
20

12
4
8
8

3
2
1
1

9
8
1

1 01
32
69
41
14

94
30
64
12
32

108
36
72
9
40

30
15
15
2
9

18
10
8

19
1
18
13

18
4
14

4
3
1

1 21
45
76
7
13
1
39

82
40
42
5
18

29
8
21
12

4
1
3

12
9
3
1

3

25
23
2

19

9

3

2

-

3

17
13
4

46
17
29
18

40
28
12
12

39
16
23
14

62
35
27
24

43
21
22
22

29
21
8
6

7
7

-

56
24
32
15
5

52
36
16
1
2

85
59
26
6
6

119
72
47
25
7

48
25
23
14
1

43
34
9
1
7

49
32
17

47
14
33
1
14
12

70
50
20
1
6
13

73
40
33
5
5
19

37
22
15
1
6
8

20
12
8
4
3
1

37
29
8

-

7

~

-

“

2
2

15
11
4

15
6
9

73
45
28

-

-

4

9

34
21
13
1
12

8
1
7

20

44
11
33

80
25
55

5

5

5

4

2

18
10
8

22

“

-

2

20

13

-

-

-

1
17

7
24

27
25

-

-

i
11
11

-

25
25

1
8
3
3
3
1
2
2

5

5

-

-

32
9
23
13
3

2
2

-

2
1
1

-

1

_
-

-

5
5

-

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

9
9

22
22

4
4

-

-

-

1
1

8
3

-

-

"

-

5
5

47
26
21
19

22
16
6
2

10
9
1

-

59
43
16
14

-

14
12
2
2

7
5
2

2

~

l

-

-

-

-

-

34
11
23
23

28
20
8
8

15
5
10
10

14
12
2

10
10

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
17
14
3
3

3

2

2

5

3

"

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

(

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
110 115 120 125 130 135 140 150

W
OMEN -

workers

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

65

Sex, occupation, and industry division

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

and
under

125

130

135

1
1
-

140

and

1 50

over

109
71
38
18
9

80
65
15

CONTINUED

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR D I T T O ) ---------------

$

$

7 5 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 - 81 .5 0

5

23

12

19

3

4

3

1

8

KEYPUNCH OPERATURSs CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------FINANCE 4------------------------------------

69C
360
3 30
46
90
1 78

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

8 7 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 8 3 .0 0 7 8 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 8 0 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 -

9 8 .5 0
103.00
9 0 .5 0
110.00
9 2 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

3
1
2

27
3
24

27
17
10

89
50
39
5
10
21

52
36
16
9
7

71
64
7
1
3
3

32
22
10
3
5
1

28
20
8
7
1

12
8
4
4

1
1

-

99
36
63
6
16
36

8
8

-

125
54
71
4
26
41

—

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS 6 ---MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------FINANCE 4------------------------------------

915
415
500
124
165
58
145

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
9 5 . 5 t 1 1 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 7 7 .0 0 6 8 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0
9 4.50
87 .5 0
112.50
86 .0 0
7 2.50
79 .0 0

70
37
33
7
12
2
12

21
20
1

38
37
1

15
12
3
3

69
9
60
60

10
8
2
2

13
13

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

229
93
136
35
51

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 6 .0 0

6 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

5 9 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 -

7 3 .0 0
72 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
79 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

1
1
-

-

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

3 ,3 8 3
1 .8 20
1 ,5 6 3
198
2 65
117
752

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
1 1 8 . OG
9 9 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

106.
112

.
.

9 4 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 8 9 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 8 7 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 8 8 .0 0 -

120.00
124.00
114.00
130.50
107.50
107.00
1 07.00

STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL --------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

1 ,9 4 5
1 ,0 3 6
909
290
199
298

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

84.
86
81.
93.

7 4 .0 0 7 7 .5 0 7 1 .5 0 7 9 .0 0 7 9 .0 0 6 6 .5 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
109.50
9 4 .5 0
78 .5 0

14
8
6

STENOGRAPHERS. S E N IO R ----------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

1 ,0 5 0
707
343
145
138

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 9 . OC 9 9 .
1 0 1 . OC 101
9 5 .0 0
95,
1 0 3 .5 0 100
8 7 .5 0

9 0 .0 0 1 08.50
9 2 .5 0 109.50
8 5 .0 0 106.00
9 2 .5 0 117.00
8 2 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0

12

SHITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 -----------------

140
82
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

100 .00 10 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 7 .5 0

10 1 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 9 4 .0 0 8 7 .5 0 9 2 .0 0 -

108.00
109.50
106.00
107.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------

370
97
273
26
51
76
53

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
9 5 . 5C
8 0 . 5G
6 0 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

7 8 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

6 2 .5 0 8 5 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 9 1 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 5 5 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

9 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
101.50
90 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta ble.




3 9 .0

30

7 8 .0 0

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

100

119,
97.
96.
97.

.

.

.

-

2

1

24

2
2

114
38
76
7
20
48

159
55
104
25
31
12
36

114
41
73
6
31
5
27

83
57
26
8
6
1
11

105
53
52
9
38

9
6
3
2

30
4
26
13
3

10
8
2
1

6
1
5
5

174
44
130
8
22
8
73

265
92
173
1
32
17
99

307
144
163
10
29
9
88

325
125
200
11
42
15
121

352
160
192
18
30
13
113

341
220
121
16
25
15
41

277
187
90
23
17
4
38

326
224
102
15
3
2
47

245
155
90
24
8
4
37

-

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

18

68
28
40

6
9
3

24
6
10

95
18
77
4
17
13
39

48
19
29

66
22
44
6
24

36
16
20
7
7

~

1
1

20
6
14

95
24
71

—
-

-

1

6
4

19
6
37

58
18
40
1
12
7
12

183
62
121
22
6
74

254
108
146
27
28
69

203
110
93
30
16
37

305
172
133
23
25
48

197
124
73
15
36
7

236
136
100
45
40
7

151
110
41
12
26

107
83
24
12
12

117
75
42
36
6

71
18
53
52

16
5
11
11

4
1
3
3

3

6
2
4

-

-

76
38
38
5
21

111
52
59
18
35

143
113
30
15
9

150
93
57
30
22

149
12 7
22
7
9

106
81
25
10
12

84
70
14
10
3

45
20
25
17

3

31
10
21
4
7

57
37
20
20

3

29
23
6
2
2

-

-

4
2
2

7
3
4
2

25
6
19
5

13
8
5
2

13
12
1
-

27
16
11
11

22
13
9
9

8
6
2
1

8
5
3

10
8
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

39
18
21

36
27
9
2
2

61
22
39
14
14

10
6
4
3

18
11
7
4

7
3
4
2

2
1
1
l

2
2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

39

21

-

17

11

-

“

86
24
62
1

4

-

2

54
3
-

12
12

_

-

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

20

32
4
28

36
2
34

“

31
31

49
49

27
1
26
—

-

20

-

-

-

10
10

9
2

11

23

-

2

7

13

5

-

5

—

-

1

1

4
4

1

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

—

-

-

1
1

-

183
126
57
19
6
8
12
1
-

1
1

41
38
3
3

137
88
49
22
3
-

15

88
71
17
6
7
1
3
_

-

—

-

-

6
3
3
3

1
-

1
1

-

-

6

1
1

5

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
S ex , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e ek ly ea rn in g s o f—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
45

Mean13 Median 2
24

Middle range 2

$
50

S
55

$
60

$
75

$

$
80

85

$

t

90

95

*
ICO

*

$
105

11C

115

$

$

120

125

$

S

130

135

$
140

150
and

55

60

65

-

8
4
4
-

9
9
-

-

4

-

18
4
14
7

70

75

80

85

90

9?

100

74

1 17
65
52
7

81
36
45
7

82
49
33

38
17

25
16
9
3

16

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

39
19

8
6
2
2

2
2

3
-

3

1
1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

8

3

1

2

l

4
4

4

5

2

~

~

_

1

l
”

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

15
14

5
3

140

1 50

over

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFAC T U R IN G -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------------

603
312
2 91
25
1 16
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

$
8 C .5C
8 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 1 . 5C
8 0 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

$
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

$
7 2 .0 0 7 3 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

139
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0
9 0 . 5C

9 4 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

8 9 .5 0

55

8 8 .0 0

8 2 . 5 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0

3

4

$
8 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
G EN E RAL------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE ----------------------------------------------

3 93
209
184
54
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
80. 5 C
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

6 9 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 6 6 .0 0 6 4 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 -

8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 9 .C 0
7 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------FINANCE ---------------------------------------------

940
586
3 54
78
1 67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

8 0 .0 0 8 2 .0 0 7 6 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 7 9 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

2 ,3 3 9
1 ,0 7 1
1 ,2 6 8
258
251
78
6 03

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 3 . 5C
6 8 .5 0

6 5 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 5 9 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

4

4

T Y P IS T S ,

S
70

and
und er
50

WOMEN -

$
65

3

CLASS B ------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE4 - - -----------------------------------------

3

8 6 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

8 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

_

_

_

_

“

"

_

_

~
_

_

_

19
19

-

20

1
9

14
3

-

—

2

11

-

5

-

-

2

6

—

-

-

3

-

-

3

-

-

5

31

141

-

-

-

14

51

9
8

70

5

31

27
7

-

177
36

-

10

21

17

13

16
~

7
7

7
7

11
10

6
6

10

29
27

_

6
6

6
6

14
14

8

9

2

!

9

8

7

8

~

“

6

52
-

~

-

5

12
13

~

97
58
39
4
17
7

22

12

349
113
2 36
28
35
24
1 34

63
39
24
15

64
33
31

10

36
30

6
3

2

9

“

6
6

19
15

11
2

6

15

2

12
3

-

30
18

39
16
23

12

12

22
1

1
7

3
8

-

167
119
48
4
25

115
72
43

99

11 0

33

24

59
40

65
45

23

21

7
21

-

15

8
22

117

54
32

51
46

47
26

13
6

1

22

5
2

21
21

5

1
1

17

1

17

76
38
38

92
46
46
17
18

1 34
92
42

488
184
304
67
64
17
152

541
2 82
259
63
49

266
161
105
41

18

199
106
93
13
19

8

3
40

48

1 16

-

68

6

18

17

20

46

51
23
28
14
9

12

21

5
35

77
40
13

7

4

9

3

14
4

10
6

2

1
1

-

_
"

_

_

_
~
_

~

—

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

3
3

6

6

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

4

5

-

-

l

5
19

11

1 Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T he m ea n is com p u ted f o r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the ea rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . The m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e is d efin ed b y 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn l e s s than the lo w e r o f th e se ra te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te.
3 T ra n s p o r ta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.




8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S ep tem b er 1965)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$

Average
weekly

S
65

Mean2

( standard)

Median2

Middle range 2

$
70

$
75

$

$
80

85

$
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

*

$
110

115

*
120

$
125

$
130

t
135

S
140

$
150

S

$
160

170

$

no

190

-

and
u nder

180

and

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

115

120

125

no

135

1 40

150

160

170

180

190

over

4
4

70

15
15

15
15

23
23

53
53

138
105

165
98

117
73

28
27

23
22

130
108

1 71
38

97
78

1 76
100

238
181

85
80

56
46

20
20

5
5

19
19

HEN
DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

$
581
435

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$

$

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 6 2 .5 0
1 6 0 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 2 .0 0

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------------

1 ,1 5 6
877

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

45

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

697
639

ORAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

170
151

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

52

4 0 .0

9 9 .5 0

9 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

4 0 .0

1 3 9 . 5C

1 3 9 .5 0

1 1 2 . SC- 1 1 1 . 0 0
l l S . 50 1 1 1 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 3 .5 0

_

8 0 .0 0 - 9 0 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0

15
13

_

_

“

2
2

5
5

11
11

39
35

7
7

19
19

57
57

29
13

-

7

2

7

21

1

3

5

4

_

5
4

12
6

26
25

29
27

15
13

25
25

49
43

_

12
12

40
40

31
30

63
47

65
64

79
71

72
71

58
55

22
22

7
7

6
6

2

3
3

•

1 2 4 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

_

-

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

_
~

9 3 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

250
223

_

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

-

1

1

76
70
6

6

4

-

7

8

4

9

-

-

“

no

50

34

50

33

19
19

29
29

11
11

14
14

6
6

2

86

27
27

2

1
1

1
1

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

_

_

_

_

_

WOMEN
DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C ---------------------------------

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

39

20

13

39

15

5
5

9

-

-

1 Standard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - l .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Average

of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H IN E )---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------




O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLIN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------------------

Average

Average

Number

Number

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
d
*

280

111
1©9
38

66
112
60
52

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 9 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 7 .5 0
8 1 . 0C
7 3 . 5C

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ~
— — —— ——
—
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

210
121
89

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------- — ------------------------------------------------ —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRA0E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------------------------------

530
193
337
163
56
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

$
9 3 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

8 8 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------------------------------

1 ,3 4 9
769
580
194

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU3LIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E----------------------------RETAIL TRADE----------------------------------FINANCE 3----------------------------------------------

1 ,9 1 7
815

112
50
154

1 ,1 0 2
225
2 85
2 26
2 48

3 9 . 0 1 1 1 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 1 4 .5 0
3 9 . 0 1 0 6 . 5C
3 9 .0 1 0 9 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 1 1 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 5 .5 f
3 8 .0 1 0 5 .0 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 5 . 5C
8 1 . 5C
8 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

CONTINUED

O cc u p a tio n and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

$
8 6 .5 0
8 5.50
87 .0 0
8 6.50

CLERKS. F IL E , CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------FINANCE 3— '------------------------------------------

168
59
109
69

3 9.0
3 9 .0
3 8.5
3 8 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------------------------------

501
166
335
115
111

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7.5

6 8 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------

519
187
332
42
53
154

39.5
3 9.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 .5 0
70.50
6 1 .0 0
65 .0 0
62 .5 0
52 .0 0
62 .5 0

CLERKS, O RO E R -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------

1,065
419
646
578

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0.0
40 .0

105.00
107.00
103.50
107.50

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E----------------------------RETAIL TRADE-----------------------------------

840
549
291
111
5u
75

39 .5
39 .5
39 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.0

96 .0 0
98 .0 0
9 2.00
99 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
8 2.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

543
262
281
58
72
131

3 9 .5
87 .0 0
39.5 9 2 .5 0
39.5
8 1.50
4 0 .0 105.50
4 0 .0
79.00
39.5
7 3.00

60

70.00
71.50
6 9.50
65.50

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO I -------------------------

83

3 9 .0

79.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------FINANCE 3----------------------------------------------

694
364
330
46
9C
1 7d

39.0
3 9.5
38.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
37.5

89 .0 0
93 .0 0
84 .5 0
96.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS d -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

Average

923
419
504
126
165
58
145

Average

Number
Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
3 8.0

8 6 .0 0

81.00
8 1.50
84.00
7 9.00
96 .0 0
76. O
C
6 4 .5 0
7 4.00

of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

570
267
3 03
58
144

3 9 .5
39.5
3 9 .C
4 0 .0
3 8.5

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

$
6 9 .5 0
70.00
6 9 .0 0
80.00
6 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL T R A D t -------------------------------FINANCE 3------------------------------------------

3 ,4 1 0
1,826
1,584
217
265
118
752

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
39 .0
4 0 .0
3 9.5
39.5
3 8 .0

107.50
112.50
102.00
119.50
9 9.00
9 5 .5 0
98 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------------

1,955
1 ,037
918
299
199
298

3 9.5
39.5
39.0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
38.5

85 .0 0
8 7.00
83.00
94 .0 0
86 .0 0
7 2.00

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N IO R -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -------------------------FINANCE3 ---------------------------------------------

1,062
708
354
156
138

3 9 .5 9 9 .5 0
3 9 .0 101.00
9 6.00
3 9.5
4 0 .0 104.50
3 8 .5
8 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------

140
82
58
30

3 9 .5 1 00.00
3 9.5 101.50
39 .5
97 .5 0
4 0 .0 101.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE TR A D E ----------------------------RETAIL TRAOE----------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

370
97
273
26
51
76
53

39.5
39.5
39.5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
38.5

7 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 2.00
9 5.50
8 0 .5 0
6 0 . 5G
8 2.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E----------------------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------------------------------

603
312
291
25
116
58

3 9 .5
3 9.5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
37.5

8 0 .5 0
8 2.00
79.00
8 1 .5 0
80.50
78.50

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

201
144
57

39 .5 125.50
3 9.5 125.50
39.5 126.00

Weekly
earnings 3
(standard)

359
167
192
82

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 04.00
109.00
100.00
104.50

MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------

174
67
1C7
58

39 .5 9 0 .0 0
3 9 .5 101.00
3 9.0 83 .0 0
38.5
79 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL-----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------- NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

393
209
184
54
70

39.5
39.5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
39.0

7 9 .0 0
80 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 6.50

T YP ISTS. CLASS A ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------FINANCE 3----------------------------------------------

946
592
354
78
167

3 9 .5
39.5
3 8.5
39.5
38.5

89 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
86 .0 0
83 .0 0
86 .5 0

T YP ISTS, CLASS B ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRAD E----------------------------RETAIL TRAD E----------------------------------FINANCE 3 ----------------------------------------------

2 ,3 6 0
1,0 7 6
1,284
274
251
78
603

3 9.5
4 0 .0
39 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39.5
3 8 .0

7 2.50
7 6 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

PRO FESSION A L ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

583
437

4 0 .0 162.00
4 0 .0 1 61.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS 8 --------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ---------------------------

1,1 7 5
888

4 0 .0 136.00
4 0 .0 136.50

45

4 0 .0 139.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C --------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

749
683

4 0 .0 1 12.00
4 0 .0 112.50

2 68

167

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

251
223

4 0 .0 114.00
4 0 .0 114.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

8 4 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED! -----MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

OFFICE BOYS AND G IRLSMANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2
FINANCE3 -------------------

Occupation and industry division

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t e m b e r 1965)
Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
(
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2.7 0 2 .8 0 2 . 90 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0
Under2 ' 00
$
and
and
2 .0 0 under
*

M ean 13 M edian 2
24

M iddle range2

o
o
«•
*

over

8
8
~

4
3
1

12
11
1

29
12
17

36
30
6

9
3
6

52
52
-

39
34
5

62
42
20

24
24

16
16
-

63
63
-

18
18
-

7
7
~

3
3

28
2
326

5
2
3

13
13

6
6
-

34
32
2

48
48
-

64
54
10

73
62
11

128
126
2

146
141
5

94
94
-

212
196
16

92
86
6

180
179
1

338
263
75

79
79

167
167

3
2
1

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 • 80 2 .9 0 3 . 00 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3.6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0
CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

419
328
91

$
3 .3 6
3 .3 2
3 .4 7

$
3 .3 2
3 .3 3
3 .3 1

$
3 .0 8 3 .1 3 2 .8 7 -

EL ECTRICIAN S. MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,7 0 3
1 ,5 5 2
151

3 .4 6
3 .4 7
3 .3 4

3 .5 1
3 .5 C
3 .7 0

3 . 2 2 - 3 .7 5
3 . 2 3 - 3 .7 5
3 . 0 4 - 3 .7 5

_

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

349
233

116

3 .3 1
3 .5 6
2 .8 3

3 .2 9
3 .5 2
2 .8 9

3 .0 5 3 .2 0 2 .3 6 -

3 .7 2
3 .7 9
3 .2 3

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

278
260

2 .9 6
2 .9 8

2 .9 5
3 .0 1

2 . 7 2 - 3 .3 3
2 .7 4 - 3 .3 4

8
6

2
2

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

963
89t73
45

2 .7 1
2 .7 1
2 .7 2
2 .8 9

2 .6 9
2 .6 9
2 .8 4
2 .9 2

2 .6 1 - 2 .8 7
2 . 6 1 - 2 .8 5
2 . 6 3 - 2 .9 5
2 .7 5 - 2 .9 6

12
8
4

47
41
6

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 ,1 5 4
1 ,1 5 4

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

3 .4 5
3 .4 6

3 . 1 7 - 3 .6 9
3 .1 7 - 3 .6 9

_

MACHINISTS,

1 , CC3
9bl

3 .4 0
3 .4 1

3 .4 3
3 .4 4

3 .2 2 - 3 .6 8
3 . 2 3 - 3 .6 9

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ------------------------------

784
254
530
353
123

3 .3 0
3 .3 1
3 .3 5
3 .1 8

3 .3 2
3 .2 5
3 .3 3
3 .3 4
3 .1 8

3 . 1 8 - 3 .4 0
3 . 1 4 - 3 .6 1
3 .2 2 - 3 .3 9
3 . 2 8 - 3 .3 9
3 . 1 2 - 3 .3 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 ,9 1 8
1 , 8C0

3 .3 5
3 .3 3

3 .4 2
3 .3 8

3 .0 3 3 .0 2 -

3 .6 9
3 .6 9

M ILLW RIGH TS-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 ,1 4 2
1 ,1 4 2

3 .4 4
3 .4 4

3 .5 o
3 .5 6

3 .2 3 3 .2 3 -

3 .7 2
3 .7 2

MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

39C
390

2 .9 2
2 .9 2

3 .0 1
3 .0 1

2 . 7 4 - 3 .0 8
2 .7 4 - 3 .0 8

2 86

3 .0 4 - 3 .6 2
3 .2 0 - 3 .6 4
2 . 3 8 - 3 .1 8

MAINTENANCE ------------------------

M A N U FAC TU RIN G --------------------------------------------

3 .3 U

$
3 .6 2
3 .6 2
4 .5 6

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

200

3 .2 2
3 .3 6

86

2 .9 0

3 .2 6
3 .3 4
2 .8 0

P IP E F IT T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

734
733

3 .4 0
3 .4 0

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

3 .1 8 3 .1 8 -

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

148
138

3 .4 7
3 .5 1

3 .6 4
3 .6 5

3 . 3 4 - 3 .7 2
3 . 3 8 - 3 .7 3

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1 ,9 8 5
1 ,9 8 5

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

3 .7 4
3 .7 4

3 .4 8 - 3 .9 2
3 . 4 8 - 3 .9 2

1
2
3
4

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

“

-

2
2

7
7

3

16

-

-

-

“

3

16

2
2
~

_

1

26

4

7

11

2

1

26

4

7

11

2

1

3
1
2

45
32
13

32
25
7

38
17
21

12
8
4

38
30
8

20
20
~

5
5
-

42
42
~

6
6

1

8
1
7

28
28

-

20
18
2

9
5

1
1

25
25

16
16

2
-

29
26

42
36

12
12

25
25

14
13

15
15

36
36

8
8

5
5

20
20

9
9

-

-

~

4
4
-

6
6

37
37

111
107
4
~

288
270
18
11

148
146
2
-

97
90
7
6

64
32
32
28

108
108

34
34

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

43
43

15
15

76
76

87
87

96
96

41
41

137
l 37

150
150

79
79

145
145

15
15

190
190

37
37

38
38

20
20

14
14

72
72

42
24

15
15

70
69

11C
110

94
94

210
207

73
73

43
43

18
18

192
192

11
11

19
19

_

23
2
21

8
7
1

29
10
19
10
3

132
58
74
23
50

129
60
69
64

244
4
240
175
50

93
10
83
63
-

19
11
8
6
-

82
73
9
9

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

1

-

_

-

“

~

_

_

-

-

1

20

~

15
12
3
3
-

-

~

7
7

93
89

40
38

54
53

120
120

99
93

144
144

153
151

131
131

71
71

161
146

37
32

329
282

150
117

270
268

38
38

1
1

_

15
15

55
55

2
2

40
4C

16
16

28
28

67
67

188
188

62
62

7C
70

47
47

196
196

325
325

28
28

_

-

3
3

16
16

11
11

47
47

32
32

31
31

32
32

137
137

39
39

16
16

_

9
9

1G
10

_

_

_

4
1
3

14
2
12

l
1
~

2
2
-

33
28
5

26
6
20

44
44
-

17
15
2

6
2
4

16
16
-

67
67
“

4
1
3

5
5

4

14
10
4

2
2

2
2

20
20

4
4

_

35
35

17
17

12
12

104
104

77
77

14
14

112
111

55
55

162
162

109
109

5
5

_

10
10

_

_

2
2

11
1

4
4

3
3

18
18

5
5

4
4

46
46

45
45

_

-

6
6

39
39

63
63

85
85

42
42

140
140

153
153

206
206

183
183

173
173

303
303

-

-

-

-

20
19

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

19
-

-

8
8

-

-

2
2

2

-

4

-

-

-

19

2

2
2

2
2

-

~

-

-

9
7
2

-

-

_

-

5
5

~

-

~

-

_
-

-

_

_

“

-

-

~

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Workers were distributed as follows: 1 at $4.40 to $4.50; 5 at $4.50 to $4.6 0 ; 3 at $4.60 to $4.70; and 17 at $4.80 to $4.90.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

-

-

_

~
-

8

—

-

-

8
_

~
_

_

~

-

579
579

13
13

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O hio, S ep tem b er 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
woikers

M ean3

Median3

Middle range3

S
$
l.C O 1 .1 0
and
und er

1 .1 0
ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

161
158

66

$
1 .3 3
1 .3 1
1 .2 6

$
1 .2 6
1 .2 6
1 .2 7

$
1 .2 3 1 .2 3 1 .2 2 -

$
1 .3 0
1 .3 0
1 .3 3

GUAR OS AND WATCHMEN------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

1 ,8 4 9
997

2 .1 7
2 .6 7

2 .2 5
2 .7 8

1 .3 8 - 2 .8 9
2 . 4 4 - 3 .0 5

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

758

2 .8 1

2 .9 2

$

1 .2 0

S
1 .3 0

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

i
2 .3 0

S
2 .4 0

%

2 .2 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

*
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
*
3 .2 0 3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

1 . 5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 80 1 . 9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

over

_

_

21
21
21

2
2
2

-

-

12
12
12

111
111

-

34
“

~

31

526

46

17

11

8

6

3
3

4
4

4
4

55
39

35
14

8

_

$

and

1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0

2 . 5 9 - 3 .1 1

-

S

1 . 4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 . 8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 . 1 0

-

-

-

3
-

1
1

61
23

70

39
37

61
50

47
43

50
47

104
96

87
74

66

12

64

227
186

2 68
253

45
45

~

11

1

18

28

39

47

42

26

62

178

2 53

45

-

-

-

-

-

_
—
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

239

2 .2 4

2 .2 9

1 . 9 1 - 2 .6 C

-

-

-

8

6

-

-

39

6

12

11

19

22

4

-

54

48

2

8

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS-----MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL T RAD E----------------------------------FINANCE5 ----------------------------------------------

3 ,5 0 6
1 ,9 7 8
1 ,5 2 8
178
131
427
336

2 .1 9
2 .4 6
1 .8 4
2 .3 3
1 .9 7
1 .5 5

2 .2 2

1 . 86 -

44

91
U
78

197
37
160

356
42
314

265

315
2 90
25

215
170
45
38

138

260
2 40

6
1

3
3

20

6

1

15
5

3

5

3
5

17

3
3

5
5
-

-

1

284
253
31
23
5
3

3 79
365
14

9

191
127
64
31
29

2 .0 2

2 55
59
196
3
9
3
174

167
128
39

2 .0 0

76
9
67
7
53
~

89

2 .2 7 1 .6 3 2 .1 4 1 .6 9 1 .3 0 -

14
14
-

161

2 .5 0
1 .8 5
2 .4 3
2 .0 3
1 .5 5

_
~

2 ,4 5 0
315
2 ,1 3 5

1 .7 2

1 .6 3 1 .9 4 1 .6 3 1 .2 6 1 .7 0 -

1 .7 8
2 .3 6
1 .7 6
1 .3 8
1 .7 8

79
72
7

32
27
5

34
24

1

20
20

27
27

-

10

6
1

-

3

31
15
16

7

12

-

-

1 .3 2
1 .7 3

1 .7 0
2 .0 6
1 .6 9
1 .3 2
1 .7 4

15

2 .1 1
1 .6 6

2 .6 5
2 .6 3

2 .7 1
2 .6 5

2 .6 8

2 .8 8

3 .0 7
2 .4 2
2 .5 6

3 .2 2
2 .4 9
2 .9 6

2 .4 0 2 .4 0 2 .3 5 2 .8 3 1 .9 6 1 .8 7 -

3 .0 5
2 .9 0
3 .1 8
3 .2 6
2 .8 8
3 .0 8

_
-

RETAIL T RAD E-----------------------------------

5 ,7 1 2
3 ,2 0 4
2 , 5C8
858
827
775

ORDER
F IL L E R S ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------RETAIL TRAD E-----------------------------------

1 ,5 8 2
673
9C9
734
174

2 .5 9
2 .7 6
2 .4 6
2 .4 6
2 .4 9

2 .6 5
2 .7 7
2 .5 5
2 .5 3
2 .8 2

2 .3 6 2 .5 3 2 .1 8 2 .2 1 1 .9 0 -

2 .8 6
2 .9 8
2 .8 2
2 .7 8
2 .9 1

_
-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAD E-----------------------------

1 ,2 5 9
999
2 60
24 C

2 .5 9
2 .7 0
2 .1 7

2 .6 4
2 .7 5
2 .2 3
2 .2 9

2 .4 0 2 .5 0 1 .8 1 2 .0 1 -

2 .8 6
2 .8 9
2 .5 4
2 .5 5

_

_

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------RETAIL T RAD E-----------------------------------

645
5 lu
135
53

2 .0 6
2 .1 6
1.7 G
1 .3 3

2 .C 6

1 . 6 4 - 2 .3 0
1 . 8 9 - 2 .6 8
1 . 3 5 - 1 .9 6
1 . 2 6 - 1 .4 3

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAD E----------------------------RETAIL TRAD E-----------------------------------

553
306
247
138

2 .5 8
2 .5 9
2 .5 7
2 .5 8
2 .5 1

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRAD E----------------------------------FINANCE5 ---------------------------------------------LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PU3LIC U T IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------------

WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f table.




88
904

100

2 .2 2

2 .1 7
1 .5 9
1 .3 2

2 .6 6
2 .6 4

2 .8 6

vn

2 .2 7 2 .2 6 2 .3 2 2 .4 4 1 .7 9 -

2 .6 2
2 .7 3
2 .0 4
2 .6 2
2 .2 6
1 .7 4
IS
)
O

1

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

2 .9 6
2 .9 8
2 .9 5
2 .8 3
3 .1 5

25
-

25
-

-

—

6

1

155
I ll
“

43
-

“

_
—

2
10

8
8

38

94

13

10
12
12

6

2

6

12

1 08

155
5
150
9
32

854
4
8 50

807
19
788

139
7
132

59
51

194

577

69

6

1

-

3

6

68

160
44
1 16
-

188
47
141
133

63
46
17
-

151
118
33

356
335

2
12

19

414
344
70
25
44

26

8

11

181
105
76
71

3

7

2

1

1

21
111
1

_
-

37

48

96

69
5
64
64
-

43
35
35
~

1 18
87
31
31
-

19

32
30

83
67
16
15

47
32
15
15

70
38

48
36
-

21

73
73
4
69

26

23

24
24

73
36
37
4
33

_
-

-

7
7
-

4
4

11

6

10

32
36
5
25

34

15

32

2

6

8

32
31

7

24
9
15

30
7
23
23

17
3
14

•
-

-

44

20
24
24

1

11

11

36
31
5

37
28

8

85
78
7

32

44

1
8

21
1

8

2

_

1

-

5 13
258
255
148
58
43

364
348
16
3
13

6 8 5 1067
439
513
246
554
56
48
61
174
1 29
332

223
44
179
179
-

79
33
46
36

193
153
40
36
4

371
135
236
151
85

116
87
29
19

10

158
116
42
42

105
79
26
26

129
119

52
50

10
10

330
3 30
-

2
2

6
6

7
7

88
88

15
15

29
14
15
13

80
43
37
37

29
17

105
57
48
39
9

-

1

117
94
23
23

5

22
10
12
12

25

14

6

10

11
6

19
19

4
3

5
4

6
6

10
10

25
25

64
64

83
83

7

15

2

10

-

-

103
47
56

35
35

-

-

-

-

5

14
7
7

17
7

25
25
-

11
2

12
2

474
335
139

6 80
90
590
5 57
—
33
49
44
5
4

86
85

1

—

4
4
—
—

1
4
4
-

18
18
-

28
28

8
8

20
20

-

-

21
21

1
1

_

_

-

-

93
53
40

14
9
5

6

2

4

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

39

3

5

-

-

11

1

4

-

2

88

8

2

1
1

-

10

63
17
46
26

8

6

16
13
3
-

21
8

56

5

122

8

11

2

28
7

102
1 63

65

81
-

_

10
20

10
79
-

~

18
18
16

26
7
19
15

51
34
17
5

38
29
9
9

_

_

6

2

2

4

21

-

-

-

-

15

1

21
8

-

6

2

2

2
2

31
23

4

-

6

8

3

13

6

2

2

2

6

8

3

11
2

12
20

12

2

10
6

5

4

-

13

35

-

21

13

14

2

10

12
7

1

-

2

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , C le v e la n d , O h io, S e p te m b e r 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
woBcers

.10 2 .2 o ;2.30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .00 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
under

and
.20 2 .3 0 ,2.40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .70 2 .8 0 3.0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 over

98

$
2 .7 1
2 .7 9
2 .4 5
2 .3 6

$
2 .8 1
2 .9 1
2 .4 1
2 .3 6

$
2 .4 1 2 .5 5 2 .1 3 2 .1 1 -

313
194
119

2 .7 3
2 .8 3
2 .5 8

2 .7 9
2 .8 7
2 .5 9

2 . 4 6 - 3 .0 3
2 . 4 9 - 3 .0 8
2 .2 3 - 2 .9 7

3 ,4 9 5
757
2 ,7 3 8
1 ,7 9 1
449
35o

3 .1 3
2 .9 9
3 .1 7
3 .2 5
3 .1 2
3 .2 0

3 .3 1
2 .9 6
3 .3 2
3 .3 4
3 .2 1
3 .2 4

3 .0 3 2 .8 0 3 .1 6 3 .3 0 3 .1 4 3 .0 5 -

3 69

2 .6 8
2 .7 6
2 .6 5

2 . 2 5 - 3 .1 5
2 .6 3 - 3 .3 9
2 . 0 6 - 3 .1 3

6
6

-

1
1

6
5
1

10
10

4
3
1

17
5
12

SHIPPING C L ERK S--------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE T R A O E ----------------------------

509
387

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------TRUCKDRIVERS67 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 4 5-------------------------WHOLESALE T RAO E----------------------------RETAIL T RAO E-----------------------------------

122

$
3 .0 4
3 .0 6
2 .8 3
2 .6 4

3 .3 6
3 .3 1
3 .3 7
3 .3 7
3 .3 4
3 .4 3

6
10
9

11

23
4
19
19

28
15
13
13

69

2

2

9
3
6

67

15
15
-

37
21
16
15

31
24
7
7

26
20
6
6

33
18
15
15

38
35
3

71
58
13
8

164
154
10
6

19
14
5

8
4
4

16

11
l
io

14
12
2

36
36
~

29
5
24

23
14
9

13
11
2

73
51
22

39
34
5

57
14
43
1
42

32
20
12
9
-

37
19
18
18
-

148
60
88
17
2

65
50
15
1
2
12

35?
213
139
131
8

92
21
71

29
26
3

20
15
5

33
33

53
5
48

29
29
~

9

16
16
-

30
23
7
7

28
16
12
12

235
101
134
131
3

183
47
136
68
68

818
53
765
597
24

2
2
2

3
3

-

12
12

1
1

77
77

-

-

-

916
124
792
727

115
3
112

-

I

206
41
165

47
46

209
205

8
8
6
8
-

52
52
~

31
31

764
64

13
11
2
2

9
8
1
1
—

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 T O N S )----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

249

2 .6 9
2 .8 7
2 .6 0

TRUCKORIVERS, MEOIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

1 ,3 5 2
2 84
1 ,0 6 8
812
109

3 .1 4
2 .8 7
3 .2 1
3 .2 1
3 .0 9

3 .2 7
2 .8 7
3 .3 1
3 .3 2
3 .0 6

2 .9 9 2 .7 3 3 .1 4 3 .1 8 -

3 .3 5
3 .0 7
3 .3 5
3 .3 6

4
4

8
8

8
8

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------------------

1 ,3 5 8
275
1 ,0 8 3
727

3 .2 6
3 .1 9
3 .2 8
3 .3 1

3 .3 4
3 .2 1
3 .3 4
3 .3 5

3 .2 5 2 .8 8 3 .3 1 3 .3 3 -

3 .3 8
3 .3 4
3 .3 8
3 .3 8

2

12

2

I

12

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

3 09
289

3 .1 7
3 .1 8

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 . 0 7 - 3 .3 7
3 . 0 9 - 3 .3 7

~

3C

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------------

2 ,1 5 7
1 ,8 0 6
351
189

2 .8 7
2 .8 4
3 .0 2
2 .9 1

2 .9 6
2 .9 3
3 .0 7
3 .0 1

2 .7 2 2 .6 4 2 .9 9 2 .9 3 -

110
110
-

61
61
-

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L IF T )-------------------- ^ --------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

617
482

2 .9 9
3 .0 9

2 .8 4
2 .9 0

2 .6 6 - 2 .9 9
2 . 7 9 - 3 .1 3

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

120

3 .0 7
3 .0 5
3 .1 5
3 .0 5

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
Workers were distributed as follows: 6 at $3.60 to $3.80; 7 at $3.80 to $4; 4 at $4 to $4,20; and 47 at $4.60 to $4.80.




15
“
17
9

29
29
—
~

96
96
-

~

2

2

~

5
-

5

4

~

~

2
2
“

25
18
7

2
2

17
8
9

503 2011
121 190
382 1821
82 1521
163 228
137
72

163
32
131
5
4
122

14
14
-

117
116
1
1

89

81
8
8

101
91
10
10

584
514
70
62

842
613
229
100

51
26
25

36
24

176
58

38
37

213
213

40
40

8
8

~

_
-

-

”
14
14
-

~

.
-

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, woik requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such asin legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy.
May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e . g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B.
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. •Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL

A ND

TECHNIC AL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse *who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

P O W E R PL A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps;, making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

19
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment, Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work o f the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumbers snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

20
TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die makers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

21
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request—
The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, T ech ­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1965. 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1965_________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Apr. 1965__________
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1965-------------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— .J ., Feb. 1965__
N
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1965_________________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1964 1 __________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex., May 1965---------------------Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1965 1------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1965 -----------------------------------------Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1 -------------------------------------------

1430-78,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1430-74,
1430-27,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1465-1,
1430-16,

25
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
20
30

cents
cents'
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1965 1__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1 ____________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich.,May 1965________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J ., Feb. 1965_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965 __________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1965 1 ________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 1965 1 --------------------------------------Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1965 1 -----------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1965_____________________

1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1430-80,

25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
40cents

1430-77,
1465-5,

25cents
20cents

Buffalo, N. Y ., Dec. 1964 1 ___ _______________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1965 1 __________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965_______________________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1965________________________
Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 1965------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga. , Sept. 1965---------------------------Chicago, 111., Apr. 1965 1 ______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1965______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1965____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1___________________________
Dallas, T ex., Nov. 1964 1 ............................. .........................

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1465-7,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1465-8,
1430-18,
1430-25,

30
25
20
20
25
20
30
25
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa, Oct. 1964------------------------------------Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J . , May 1965___________
Philadelphia, P a .— J. , Nov. 19641__________________
N.
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1965_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 1965 1___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964____________________________
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash. , May 1965_____________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .—
Mass. ,May 1965 1 _______
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964______________________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964-------------------------------------------Rockford, 111. , May 1965------------------------------------------------

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1430-6,
1430-19,
1430-63,

25cents
25cents
35cents
20cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
20cents

Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll., Oct. 1964 1................. .......................................................
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965-------------------------------------------------Denver, C olo., Dec. 1964______________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965__________________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1965 1 ____________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 1_________________________
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 1965___________________________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1965____________________________
Houston, Tex., June 1965_______________________________
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1964__________________________

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1465-4,
1430-69,
1430-82,
1430-30,

25
25
25
20
30
30
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

St. Louis, Mo.-111., Oct. 19641_______________________ 1430-22,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1 _____________________ 1430-33,
San Antonio, T ex., June 1965 1_________________________ 1430-81,
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964----------------------------------------------------------------------- 1430-8,
San Diego, C alif., Sept. 1964 1_________________________ 1430-12,
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 1____________ 1430-37,
San Jose, C alif__________________________________________ (Not previously
Savannah, G a ., May 1965 ______________________________ 1430-64,
Scranton, P a., Aug. 1965 1-------------------------------------------- 1465-3,
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964_____________________________ 1430-9,

1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1430-75,
1465-6,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-7 3,
1465-2,
1430-40,
1430-29,

20
25
25
20
20
30
25
20
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 ________________________
Kansas City, M o .-K a n s., Nov. 1964__________________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H. , June 1965------------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A rk ., Aug. 1965______
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1965 1 ________
Louisville, K y.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1965______________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1965__________________________
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965____________________________
Miami, F la ., Dec. 1964------------------------------------------------Midland and Odessa, T e x -----------------------------------------------

(N ot prev iou sly surveyed)

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.
* Bulletins dated before July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys. "




Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964_______________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1965___________________________
Spokane, Wash., June 1965 1___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651 ---------------------------------------------Trenton, N. J . , Dec. 1964 1 ____________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a ., Oct. 19641 _____________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965__________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1 ___________________________
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1___________________________
Worcester, M a ss., June 1965__________________________
York, P a., Feb. 1965----------------------------------------------------Youngstown—
Warren, Ohio______________________________

1430-15,
1430-54,
1430-79,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,

30cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
surveyed)

20cents
25cents
25cents
20cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
20cents

(Not previously surveyed)


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102