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National Survey of
Professional,
Administrative,
Technical,
and Clerical Pay
D a y to n & Montgomery C o.

Public Library
F E B 1 3 1968
DOCUMENT COLLECTION

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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS

National Survey of
Professional,
Administrative,
Technical,
and Clerical Pay
June 1967

Accountants and Auditors
Attorneys
Personnel Management
Buyers
Engineers and Chemists
Engineering Technicians
Draftsmen
Office Clerical
UNITED STATES D EPARTM ENT OF LABOR
Willard Wirtz, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

Bulletin No. 1585
January 1968

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office




Washington, D.C., 20402— Price 50 cents




Preface
T h is b u lle tin s u m m a r iz e s the r e s u lt s o f the B u r e a u 1s annual s u r v e y o f
c o m p e n s a t io n f o r s e le c t e d p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, and c l e r i c a l
p a y in p r iv a t e in d u s tr y .
Th e s a la r y in fo r m a tio n , w h ich r e la t e s to June 1967,
is r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts in a b r o a d s p e c t r u m o f in d u s tr ie s th ro u g h o u t
the U nited S ta tes e x c e p t A la s k a and H aw aii.
T h e s u r v e y w a s d e s ig n e d b y the B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s in c o o p e r a t io n
w ith the B u r e a u o f the B u d g et and the C iv il S e r v ic e C o m m is s io n .
It p r o v i d e s a
fund o f b r o a d ly b a s e d in fo r m a t io n on s a la r y l e v e ls and d is tr ib u t io n s in p r iv a t e
e m p lo y m e n t.
A s su ch , the r e s u lt s a r e u s e fu l a s a gu id e f o r s a la r y a d m in is tr a tio n
p u r p o s e s and f o r g e n e r a l e c o n o m ic a n a ly s is .
In a d d itio n , th ey p r o v id e in fo r m a t io n
on p a y in p r iv a t e in d u s tr y in a f o r m s u ita b le f o r u s e in a p p r a is in g the c o m p e n s a ­
tio n o f s a la r ie d e m p lo y e e s in the F e d e r a l c i v i l s e r v i c e .
(S e e a p p e n d ix D. )
It
sh ou ld b e e m p h a s iz e d that th e s e s u r v e y s , lik e a n y o th e r s a la r y s u r v e y s , a r e in
no s e n s e c a lc u la t e d to su p p ly m e c h a n ic a l a n s w e r s to q u e s tio n s o f p ay p o li c y .
Th e l i s t o f o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied r e p r e s e n t s a w id e r a n g e o f pay l e v e l s .
In ­
d iv id u a lly , the o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d w e r e ju d g e d to b e (a) s u r v e y a b le in in d u s tr y
w ith in the f r a m e w o r k o f a b r o a d s u r v e y d e s ig n , and (b ) r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g r o u p s w h ic h a r e n u m e r ic a lly im p o r ta n t in in d u s tr y a s w e ll a s in the
F ed era l s e r v ic e .
O c c u p a tio n a l d e fin itio n s p r e p a r e d f o r u s e in the c o l l e c t i o n o f the s a la r y data
r e f l e c t d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s in in d u s try ; h o w e v e r , th ey a r e d e s ig n e d to b e
tr a n s la ta b le to s p e c i f i c p a y g r a d e s in the g e n e r a l s c h e d u le a p p ly in g to F e d e r a l
C la s s ific a t io n A c t e m p lo y e e s .
T h is n e c e s s it a t e d lim itin g s o m e o c c u p a tio n s and
w o r k le v e ls to e m p lo y e e s w ith s p e c i f i c jo b fu n c tio n s that c o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d
u n ifo r m ly a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
Th e B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s and the C iv il
S e r v ic e C o m m i s s i o n c o lla b o r a t e d in the p r e p a r a t io n o f the d e fin itio n s .
(S e e
a p p e n d ix C. )
The s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , in t e r m s o f in d u s tr ia l, g e o g r a p h ic , and m in im u m
s iz e c o v e r a g e , r e m a in e d the s a m e a s in the 1966 s u r v e y .
The o c c u p a tio n a l
c o v e r a g e , h o w e v e r , w a s a m e n d e d to in c lu d e s e c r e t a r i e s and to e x c lu d e the f r e i g h t r a te c l e r k p o s it io n s .
A lth o u g h th is stu dy p r o v id e s o n ly n a tio n w id e data, s e p a r a te data a r e a v a i l ­
a b le f o r the c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g o c c u p a tio n s in e a ch o f the 8 5 m e tr o p o lit a n a r e a s
in w h ic h the B u re a u c o n d u c ts l o c a li t y s tu d ie s .
(S e e the a r e a s lis t e d in the o r d e r
f o r m at the b a c k o f th is b u lle tin . )
T h e s e a r e a r e p o r t s a ls o in c lu d e in fo r m a t io n
on s u ch s u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fit s a s p a id v a c a t io n s , h o lid a y s , and h ealth , in s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s io n p la n s r e la tin g to n o n s u p e r v is o r y o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h av e b e e n a c c o m p lis h e d w ith o u t the c o o p e r a t io n o f the
m a n y f i r m s w h o s e s a la r y s c a le s p r o v id e the b a s is f o r the s t a t is t ic a l data p r e ­
s e n te d in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u re a u , on its own b e h a lf and on b e h a lf o f the o th e r
F e d e r a l a g e n c ie s that c o l la b o r a t e d in p lan n in g the s u r v e y , w is h e s to e x p r e s s
s in c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r the s p le n d id c o o p e r a t io n it h a s r e c e iv e d .
T h is stu dy w a s c o n d u c te d in the B u r e a u 1s O ffic e o f W a g e s and In d u s tr ia l
R e la tio n s b y the D iv is io n o f O c c u p a tio n a l P a y .
The a n a ly s is w a s p r e p a r e d b y
B o y d B. O 'N e a l.
F ie ld w o r k f o r the s u r v e y w a s d ir e c t e d b y the B u r e a u 's A s ­
s is ta n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r s , D iv is io n o f O p e r a tio n s .




iii




Contents
Page
S u m m a r y ________________________________________________________________________________
C h a r a c t e r i s t ic s o f the s u r v e y _______________________________________________________
C h an ges in s a la r y l e v e ls ______ - — ---------------------------------------------------------------------------A v e r a g e s a l a r i e s , June 1967 -------------------------------------S a la r y l e v e ls in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ------------------------------------------------------------------------S a la r y l e v e ls in la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ______________________________________________
S a la r y d i s t r i b u t i o n s ___________________________________________________________________
P a y d if f e r e n c e s by in d u s tr y _________________________________________________________
A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s _________________________________________________________________

1
1
3
6
9
10
11
14
16

T a b le s :
A v e r a g e s a la r ie s :
1. U n ited S t a t e s ________________________________________________________________
2. M e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s ________________________________________________________
3. E s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 2, 500 o r m o r e ______________________________

17
19
21

E m p lo y m e n t d is t r ib u t io n b y s a la r y :
4. P r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a t i o n s __________________________
5. E n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s _________________________________________
6. D r a ftin g and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s _______________________________________

23
29
30

7.
8.
9.

33
34
35

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t d is tr ib u t io n : B y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n __________
R e la t iv e s a la r y l e v e l s : O c cu p a tio n b y in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n ________________
A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s : O c cu p a tio n b y in d u s try d i v i s i o n ________________

C h a r ts :
1.
2.
3.
4.

R is e in a v e r a g e (m ea n ) s a l a r ie s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l
g r o u p s , 1961 to 1967 _______________________________________________________
S a la r ie s in p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s ,
June 1967 _____________________________________________________________________
S a la r ie s in a d m in is t r a t iv e and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s ,
June 1967 _________________________________________________
R e la t iv e e m p lo y m e n t in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s b y
in d u s tr y d iv is io n , June 1967 ______________________________________________

5
12
13
15

A p p e n d ix e s :
A.
B.
C.
D.

S c o p e and m e th o d o f s u r v e y _________________________________________________
S u r v e y ch a n g e s in 1967 _____________________________ *________________________
O c c u p a tio n a l d e f i n i t i o n s ______________________________________________________
C o m p a r is o n o f a v e r a g e annual s a l a r ie s in p r iv a t e in d u s tr y ,
June 1967, w ith c o r r e s p o n d in g s a la r y r a te s f o r F e d e r a l
e m p lo y e e s u n d e r the G e n e r a l S c h e d u l e __________________________________




37
43
45

81




National Survey o f Professional, Administrative,
Technical, and Clerical Pay, June 1967
S u m m a ry
June 1967 a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s f o r n in e -te n th s o f the 51 p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d ­
m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a tio n a l w o r k l e v e ls c o v e r e d b y th is s u r v e y w e r e f r o m 2. 9 to
8 p e r c e n t h ig h e r than in M a r c h 1966, the r e f e r e n c e d ate o f the p r e v io u s s u r v e y . 1
I n c r e a s e s f o r n e a r ly o n e - h a lf o f th e s e w o r k l e v e l s , h o w e v e r , w e r e w ith in 1 p e r ­
ce n ta g e p o in t o f the m e d ia n i n c r e a s e , 5 .5 p e r c e n t .
A m o n g the n u m e r i c a ll y m o r e
im p o r ta n t o c c u p a tio n s in c lu d e d in th is g r o u p , i n c r e a s e s a v e r a g e d 5. 2 p e r c e n t f o r
b u y e r s , 5 .4 p e r c e n t f o r e n g in e e r s , 5 .5 p e r c e n t f o r c h e m i s t s , and 5 .8 p e r c e n t
f o r a c c o u n ta n ts .
F o r the f i r s t tim e in r e c e n t y e a r s , p e r c e n t a g e i n c r e a s e s f o r
c l e r i c a l s a l a r ie s g e n e r a l ly w e r e h ig h e r than th o s e f o r p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m i n is ­
tr a tiv e o c c u p a t io n s .
I n c r e a s e s f o r the 17 c l e r i c a l l e v e ls f r o m F e b r u a r y 1966 to
June 1967 w e r e in a n a r r o w e r ra n g e ( 4 .4 to 7 .7 p e r c e n t ) w ith a m e d ia n i n c r e a s e
o f 6. 8 p e r c e n t .
A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s f o r the 81 o c c u p a t io n a l w o r k le v e ls v a r i e d f r o m
$ 2 8 4 f o r c l e r k s e n g a g e d in ro u tin e filin g to $ 2 ,2 7 4 f o r the h ig h e s t l e v e l in the
a tto r n e y s e r i e s .
F o r e n g in e e r s , the l a r g e s t p r o f e s s i o n a l o c c u p a t io n s u r v e y e d ,
s a l a r ie s r a n g e d f r o m $ 6 9 9 a m on th f o r r e c e n t c o l l e g e g r a d u a te s in t r a in e e p o s i ­
tio n s to $ 1, 853 f o r e n g in e e r s V III, w h o s e t y p ic a l r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s c o u ld in c lu d e
the d ir e c t i o n o f a h ig h ly c o m p l e x and d i v e r s i f i e d e n g in e e r in g p r o g r a m c o n s is t in g
o f m a n y la r g e and im p o r ta n t p r o j e c t s .
M o n th ly s a l a r ie s a v e r a g e d $ 4 4 3 fo r s e c r e ­
t a r ie s I, $ 3 8 4 f o r g e n e r a l s t e n o g r a p h e r s , and $ 3 2 9 f o r ty p is ts I, the la r g e s t
c l e r i c a l g r o u p s r e p r e s e n t e d in the s u r v e y . A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s o f e n g in e e r in g
te c h n ic ia n s ra n g e d f r o m $ 4 4 7 to $ 7 7 8 a m o n g fiv e w o r k l e v e l s .
F o r m o s t o f the
o c c u p a t io n s , s a la r y l e v e l s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s and in la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w e r e
h ig h e r than in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the fu ll s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
S a la r y
l e v e l s in fin a n c e and r e t a i l tr a d e in d u s t r ie s g e n e r a l ly w e r e l o w e r than in o th e r
m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s r e p r e s e n t e d in the s u r v e y .
T h e lo w e r s a l a r ie s in fin a n c e
in d u s t r ie s w e r e o f fs e t in p a r t b y a s h o r t e r a v e r a g e w o r k w e e k .
C h a r a c t e r i s t ic s o f the S u r v e y
T h is s u r v e y , the eigh th in an a n n u a l s e r i e s , p r o v id e s n a tio n w id e s a la r y
l e v e ls a n d d is tr ib u t io n s f o r 81 w o r k l e v e l c a t e g o r ie s c o v e r in g 13 b r o a d o c c u p a ­
tio n a l g r o u p s . 1 It r e la t e s to e s ta b lis h m e n ts in a ll a r e a s o f the U n ited S ta tes
2
e x c e p t A la s k a and H a w a ii in the fo llo w in g in d u s t r ie s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r ­
ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , e l e c t r i c , g a s , and s a n ita r y s e r v i c e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e ; e n g in e e r in g and a r c h i t e c t u r a l
s e r v i c e s ; and r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t , and te s tin g l a b o r a t o r i e s o p e r a t e d on a
1 The previous survey reflects salaries o f clerical and drafting occupations in effect February 1966 and those
o f professional, administrative, and engineering technician occupations in effect March 1966. The timing and the
reference date of the current survey were changed to June to provide more current data for those appraising the
compensation of salaried employees in the Federal civ il service. See appendix B for a detailed description of changes
in survey timing.
2 Results of the earlier survey reports were presented under the title: National Survey of Professional, Adminis­
trative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, Winter 1959-60 (BLS Bulletin 1286, I960); Winter 1960-61 (BLS Bulletin 1310,
1961); Winter 1961-62 (BLS Bulletin 1346, 1962); February—
March 1963 (BLS Bulletin 1387, 1963); Februarv-March 1964
(BLS Bulletin 1422, 1964); Februarv-March 1965 (BLS Bulletin 1469, 1965); and Februarv-March 1966 (BLS Bulletin
1535, 1966).




1

2

c o m m e r i c a l b a s i s . 3 The m in im u m
in d u s tr y d iv is io n r o u g h ly e q u a liz in g
e m p lo y m e n t.
T h e s e r e q u ir e m e n t s
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te d iv is io n ,
c o l l a r w o r k e r s , to 250 e m p lo y e e s in

s iz e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t r e q u ir e m e n t s v a r ie d b y
m in im u m s iz e s c o p e in t e r m s o f w h i t e - c o l l a r
r a n g e d f r o m 50 e m p lo y e e s in the fin a n c e ,
w h ich is a lm o s t e n t ir e ly c o m p o s e d o f w h ite the m a n u fa ctu rin g and r e t a il tr a d e d iv is io n s . 4

D e fin itio n s f o r the o c c u p a tio n s in c lu d e d in th is stu d y p r o v id e f o r c l a s s i f i c a ­
tion o f e m p lo y e e s a c c o r d in g to a p p r o p r ia t e w o r k le v e ls (o r c l a s s e s ) .
W ith in e a ch
o c c u p a t io n , the w o r k le v e ls s u r v e y e d , u s u a lly d e s ig n a te d b y R o m a n n u m e r a ls w ith
c l a s s I a s s ig n e d to the lo w e s t le v e l, a r e d e fin e d in t e r m s o f d u tie s and r e s p o n s i ­
b i l it i e s .
S p e c ific jo b f a c t o r s d e te r m in in g c l a s s i f i c a t i o n , h o w e v e r , v a r ie d f r o m
o c c u p a tio n to o c c u p a tio n .
T h e n u m b e r o f w o r k le v e l d e fin itio n s f o r e a ch o c c u p a tio n v a r i e s f r o m on e
f o r o f f i c e b o y s o r g i r l s to eig h t e a ch f o r c h e m is t s and e n g in e e r s .
M o r e than
on e le v e l o f w o r k w a s d e fin e d f o r s u r v e y in m o s t o f the o c c u p a t io n s ; h o w e v e r ,
s o m e o c c u p a t io n s w e r e p u r p o s e ly d e fin e d to c o v e r s p e c i f i c b an d s o f w o r k l e v e l s ,
w h ich w e r e n ot in ten d ed to r e p r e s e n t a ll le v e ls o r a ll w o r k e r s that m a y b e fou n d
in th o s e o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y w a s d e s ig n e d to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f data f o r m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
C o v e r a g e in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s w a s e x te n d e d to in c lu d e the
227 S ta n da rd M e t r o p o lit a n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the U n ited S tates e x c e p t A la s k a
and H a w a ii, as r e v is e d th ro u g h A p r il 1966 b y the B u re a u o f the B u d g e t, in s te a d
o f the 221 a r e a s r e p r e s e n t e d in the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
S lig h tly m o r e than f o u r fifth s o f the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t and n in e -te n th s o f the e m p lo y m e n t in p r o f e s s i o n a l ,
a d m in is t r a t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, c l e r i c a l , and r e la t e d o c c u p a tio n s w ith in s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y w e r e a c c o u n te d f o r b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts lo c a t e d in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s . N in e ten th s o f the e m p lo y e e s in the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d a ls o w e r e e m p lo y e d
in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
T h e s e p r o p o r t io n s v a r ie d m o r e f o r the p r o f e s s i o n a l and
a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a tio n s than f o r the c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s a c c o u n te d f o r m o r e than 1 ,4 5 0 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s o r
a b ou t o n e - f i f t h o f the e s tim a te d to ta l e m p lo y m e n t in p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e ,
t e c h n ic a l, c l e r i c a l , and r e la t e d o c c u p a tio n s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s c o p e o f
the s u r v e y .
E m p lo y m e n t in the s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s v a r ie d w id e ly , r e f le c t in g
a ctu a l d if f e r e n c e s in e m p lo y m e n t in the v a r io u s o c c u p a t io n s , as w e ll as d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in the ra n g e o f d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s c o v e r e d b y e a ch o c c u p a tio n a l
d e fin itio n .
A m o n g the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a t io n s , the e ig h t
le v e ls o f e n g in e e r s a c c o u n te d f o r a to ta l o f 3 3 9 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s , w h e r e a s , f e w e r
than 4 , 500 w e r e e m p lo y e d in e a ch o f fo u r o f the o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r ie s as d e ­
fin e d f o r the stu dy (c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , jo b a n a ly s t s ,
and d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l).
(S ee ta b le 1. ) F o u r o c c u p a tio n s at a ll w o r k le v e ls
s tu d ie d (a c co u n tin g c l e r k s , s e c r e t a r i e s , s t e n o g r a p h e r s , and ty p is ts ) a c c o u n te d
f o r 70 p e r c e n t o f the 806, 000 e m p lo y e e s in the c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e le c t e d d ra ftin g r o o m o c c u p a tio n s had a g g r e g a t e e m p lo y m e n t o f a bou t 82, 000
and the fiv e e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n le v e ls t o g e t h e r a c c o u n te d f o r a b o u t 89, 000.
A lth o u g h w o m e n a c c o u n te d f o r a p p r o x im a t e ly o n e -h a lf o f the to ta l e m p lo y ­
m en t in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d , th ey w e r e e m p lo y e d l a r g e ly in c l e r i c a l p o s it io n s .
T h e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , in w h ich the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n a m o u n te d to m o r e
than 90 p e r c e n t o f the e m p lo y m e n t, w e r e file c l e r k s , k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s , s e c r e ­
t a r i e s , s t e n o g r a p h e r s , s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s , and t y p is t s .
A m o n g ta b u la tin g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , h o w e v e r , w o m e n a c c o u n te d f o r o n ly o n e - t h i r d o f the w o r k f o r c e ,

3
February-March 1964 and earlier surveys were limited to establishments in metropolitan areas. For a full
description of the scope of the 1967 survey, see appendix A.
* February—
March 1965 and earlier surveys were lim ited to establishments having 250 employees or more.




3

and th e re w e r e s lig h tly fe w e r o f f i c e g i r l s than o f f i c e b o y s .
W o m e n a c c o u n te d
f o r o n e - f i f t h o f the d r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s but fe w e r than 5 p e r c e n t o f the d r a f t s ­
m e n and e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s .
W o m e n e m p lo y e e s in the p r o f e s s i o n a l and
a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a t io n s u s u a lly w e r e r e p o r t e d in the f i r s t fe w l e v e l s ; th o s e in
w h ich w o m e n a c c o u n te d f o r as m a n y a s 10 but l e s s than 20 p e r c e n t o f the e m ­
p lo y m e n t w e r e ;
A c c o u n ta n ts I; jo b a n a ly s ts I and II; c h e m is t s I and II; and
b u y e r s I.
T h e g e n e r a l l e v e l o f s a l a r ie s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n o r w o r k l e v e l is p r e s e n t e d
in th is stu d y as the a r it h m e t ic m e a n o f a ll the in d iv id u a l s a la r y r a t e s .
M e d ia n
s a l a r i e s , the a m ou n t b e lo w and a b o v e w h ich the s a l a r ie s f o r 50 p e r c e n t o f the
e m p lo y e e s a r e fou n d , a r e a ls o p r e s e n t e d in ta b le s 1, 2, and 3.
C h an ges in S a la r y L e v e ls
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n p r e s e n t s the s a la r y i n c r e a s e s that o c c u r r e d b e tw e e n
annual s u r v e y s s in c e 1961 f o r the l e v e ls r e p r e s e n t in g e a c h o f 13 o c c u p a t io n a l
grou ps.
T o d e te r m in e the i n c r e a s e s f o r e a c h g r o u p , a ll l e v e ls o f the o c c u p a tio n
w e r e c o m b in e d u s in g e m p lo y m e n t in the m o s t r e c e n t y e a r a s a co n s ta n t e m p lo y ­
m e n t w eig h t in b oth y e a r s to e lim in a te the e f fe c t s o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t io n
o f e m p lo y e e s in the v a r io u s w o r k l e v e l s .
The i n c r e a s e s w e r e then lin k e d to g e t h e r
to ob ta in the ch a n g e s that h ad o c c u r r e d o v e r the 6 - y e a r p e r i o d s in c e th is s e r i e s
began.
W hen m a k in g c o m p a r is o n s o f ch a n g e , the lo n g e r tim e in t e r v a l b e tw e e n
the 1966 and 1967 s u r v e y s , m e n tio n e d e a r l i e r , m u s t be c o n s i d e r e d .
Due to the
ch a n ge in s u r v e y tim in g , i n c r e a s e s r e la t e to a 1 5 -m o n th in t e r v a l (M a r c h 1966 to
June 1967) f o r the p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , and e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n o c c u ­
p a tio n s , and to a 1 6 -m o n th in t e r v a l ( F e b r u a r y 1966 to June 1967) f o r the c l e r i c a l
and d ra ftin g o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e i n c r e a s e s sh ow n f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in
p r e v io u s y e a r s r e la t e to 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d s ending F e b r u a r y — a r c h o f e a c h y e a r . 5
M
Percent increases in average salaries

Occupational group
Accountants--------------------------------Auditors-------------------------------------Chief accountants-----------------------Attorneys-----------------------------------Managers, office services------ ----Buyers-----------------------------------------Job analysts--------------------------------Directors of personnel----------------Chem ists-----------------------------------Engineers-----------------------------------Engineering tech n ician s------------Drafting-------------------------------------C le ric a l---- ---------------------------------

1966
to
1967 1
5.8
6 .0
6 .4
4 .0
6 .9
5 .2
4 .2
4 .7
5 .5
5 .4
4 .6
4 .6
6.1

1965
to
1966

1964
to
1965

1963
to
1964

1962
to
1963

1961
to
1962

1961
to
1967

3 .8
3.8
3.3
4 .0
3.3
( 2)
5.4
3 .6
4 .8
3.7
2.8
1.5
3 .0

3.5
3 .9
3 .9
4 .2
4.3
( 2>
4 .3
3 .5
3.9
3.2
2.3
(4)
2.4

2.8
3.1
4 .8
3.3
2.7

3 .3
3 .6
2.8
4 .6
2 .2

( 2)
3 .5
4 .6
3 .3
2.9
3 .6
2.6
2 .9

( 2)
2 .6
3 .0
3.8
4 .4
2.9
3 .6
2 .6

2.8
2.9
2.6
3 .2
3 .3
(2)
1.4
3.7
3 .9
2 .6
(3)
3.8
2.9

24. 1
25.6
26.3
25.6
25.0
( 2)
23.3
25.4
28.0
24.3
( 3)
( 4)
21.6

1 The 1966— increases reflect changes over a 16-month period for clerical and drafting
67
occupations and a 15-month period for all others.
2 Buyers were not surveyed before 1966.
2 Engineering technicians were not surveyed before 1962.
4 Comparison over this period was not possible for draftsmen because of changes in defini­
tions of work levels in 1965.

5
The increases from 1965 to 1967 relate to establishments in metropolitan areas and nonmetropolitan countiesj
all others relate to metropolitan areas only. Establishments employing fewer than 250 workers were excluded
before 1966.




4

In the 1966—67 p e r io d , i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s r a n g e d f r o m 4 to
6. 9 p e r c e n t f o r a ll 13 o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s s tu d ie d , w ith i n c r e a s e s f o r e ig h t o f
th e s e g r o u p s e x c e e d in g 5 p e r c e n t .
F o r m o s t o f the o c c u p a t io n s , i n c r e a s e s w e r e
s ig n ific a n t ly h ig h e r than had b e e n r e c o r d e d f o r any o th e r p e r io d s in c e 1961,
w hen the B u re a u b e g a n m e a s u r in g o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e tr e n d s on a n a tio n a l b a s is .
A lth o u g h th e s e i n c r e a s e s w e r e a ffe c t e d b y the lo n g e r tim e in t e r v a l b e tw e e n the
la s t tw o s u r v e y s , a s im i la r r e la t io n s h ip a p p lie s w h en the i n c r e a s e s a r e a d ju s te d
to r e p r e s e n t a 1 2 -m o n th p e r io d .
F o r e x a m p le , the a d ju s te d i n c r e a s e s f o r the
m o r e h e a v ily p o p u la te d o c c u p a tio n s w o u ld b e 4. 6 p e r c e n t f o r the a c c o u n ta n ts and
c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s , 4 . 4 p e r c e n t f o r c h e m is t s , 4 . 3 p e r c e n t f o r e n g in e e r s , and
3. 7 p e r c e n t f o r e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s .
W ith o n ly tw o e x c e p t io n s , th e s e a d ju s te d
i n c r e a s e s w e r e h ig h e r than any o f the in c r e a s e s r e p o r t e d f o r the s a m e o c c u p a t io n s
in p r e v io u s y e a r s .
T o e x a m in e the ch a n g e s in s a la r ie s that h a v e o c c u r r e d s in c e 1961 f o r d i f ­
fe r e n t l e v e ls o f w o r k , a ll o f the o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s w e r e g r o u p e d in to
the th r e e b r o a d c a t e g o r ie s d e s c r i b e d in the ta b u la tio n w h ich f o ll o w s .
The y e a r t o - y e a r p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r e a ch g r o u p w e r e d e t e r m in e d b y a d d in g a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s f o r a ll o c c u p a tio n s in the g r o u p f o r 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s , and d iv id in g
the la t e r s u m b y the e a r l i e r su m .
T h e r e s u lta n t r e la t iv e , l e s s 100, sh o w s the
p ercen t o f in c r e a s e .
C h a n ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y o r in the o c c u p a t io n a l
d e fin itio n s w e r e i n c o r p o r a t e d in to the s e r i e s as s o o n as tw o c o m p a r a b le p e r io d s
w e r e a v a ila b le .
T h e 6 - y e a r tr e n d s w e r e o b ta in e d b y lin k in g ch a n g e s f o r the i n ­
d iv id u a l p e r i o d s . 6
Percent increase in average salaries
1966
to
19672

1965
to
1966

1964
to
1965

1963
to
1964

1962
to
1963

1961
to
1962

1961
to .
1967'

Group A:
C lerical and beginning
technician levels--------------------

6 .0

2 .9

2 .2

2.7

2.7

2.8

20.9

Group B:
Entry and development profes­
sional levels, advanced
technician levels, supervisors
of nonprofessional le v e ls --------

6 .0

3.7

3.3

2.6

4 .0

2.6

24.3

Group C:
Fully experienced professional
working levels, supervisors of
professional levels, and pro­
gram administrative le v e ls ----

5.1

4 .2

4 .2

3 .5

3 .7

3 .5

26.9

Work level categories 1

1 Groups A, B, and C are composed of the occupation levels compared with Federal Clas­
sification Act General Schedule grades 1— 5—
4,
10, and 1UL5, respectively, as shown in appendix D.
2 Because of the change in survey timing, the 1966— percent changes relate to a period
67
of more than 1 year.
For all clerical and drafting levels, the period is 16 months (from
February 1966 to June 1967). For all other occupations the period is 15 months (from March 1966
to June 1967). Thus, for 19 of 21 levels in group A, the period is 16 months; for 24 of 26 levels
in group B, and for all 30 levels in group C, the period covered is 15 months. Other yearto-year increases in the table represent the 12-month period ending February—
March of each year.

6
This method of measuring group increases is different from that used in the two previous surveys.
In the
1965 and 1966 reports, the group increases were measured by arraying the increases in average salaries for the o ccu ­
pation levels in each group, and determining the median percent increase. Using this method, the median increases
from 1966 to 1967 would be 6 .7 percent for group A, 6.1 percent for group B, and 5.3 percent for group C.




5

Chart 1. Rise in Average (M ean) Salaries for Selected Occupational Groups,
1961 to 1967

PERCENT

OCCUPATIONAL
GROUPS

C hem ists

C h ie f a cc o u n ta n ts

A tto rn e ys

A uditors

D irec to rs o f p e rs o n n e l

M a n a g e rs , o ffic e s e rvic es

E n g in e e rs

A c co untants

Job a n a ly sts

C le rica l em ployees




0

4

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

20

22

24

26

28

30

6

F o r m o s t y e a r s s in c e 1961, a v e r a g e s a la r ie s in c r e a s e d at a h ig h e r ra te f o r
the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e le v e ls than f o r the c l e r i c a l and b e g in n in g
te c h n ic ia n l e v e l s .
T h is p a tte r n is r e f l e c t e d in the c o m b in e d i n c r e a s e s f r o m
1961 to 1967, d e s p it e the d e p a r tu r e fr o m th is tr e n d b e tw e e n 1966 and 1967.
D u rin g this p e r i o d , s a l a r ie s f o r the c l e r i c a l and te c h n ic ia n le v e ls in g ro u p A
in c r e a s e d at a ra te that e x c e e d e d the ra te o f i n c r e a s e f o r the fu lly e x p e r ie n c e d
p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e l e v e ls in g ro u p C .
In p r i o r y e a r s , s a l a r ie s f o r
the o c c u p a tio n a l le v e ls in g rou p C had sh ow n the h ig h e s t p e r c e n t a g e s o f i n c r e a s e .
C h an ges in a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s r e f l e c t n ot o n ly g e n e r a l s a la r y i n c r e a s e s and
m e r it o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s g iv e n to in d iv id u a ls w h ile in the s a m e w o r k l e v e l c a t e ­
g o r y , but th ey a ls o m a y r e f l e c t o th e r f a c t o r s su ch as e m p lo y e e tu r n o v e r , e x p a n ­
s io n s o r
r e d u c t io n s in the w o r k f o r c e , and ch a n g e s in s ta ffin g p a tte r n s w ith in
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t s a la r y l e v e ls .
F o r e x a m p le , an e x p a n s io n in f o r c e
m a y in c r e a s e the p r o p o r t io n o f e m p lo y e e s at the m in im u m o f the s a la r y ra n g e
e s ta b lis h e d f o r a w o r k l e v e l, w h ich w ou ld tend to lo w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s ,
a r e d u c t io n o r a lo w t u r n o v e r in the w o r k f o r c e m a y h ave the o p p o s it e e f fe c t .
S im ila r ly , y e a r - t o - y e a r p r o m o t io n s o f e m p lo y e e s to h ig h e r w o r k l e v e ls o f p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s m a y a ff e c t a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s , lo w e r in g
o r r a is in g the a v e r a g e .
F o r e x a m p le , the e s ta b lis h e d s a la r y r a n g e s f o r s u ch
o c c u p a tio n s a r e r e la t iv e ly w id e , and p r o m o t e d e m p lo y e e s , w ho m a y h ave b e e n
p a id the m a x im u m o f the s a la r y s c a le f o r the lo w e r l e v e l, a r e lik e ly to b e r e ­
p la c e d b y le s s e x p e r ie n c e d e m p lo y e e s w ho m a y b e p a id the m in im u m ; o r v a c a n ­
c ie s m a y e x is t at the tim e o f the r e s u r v e y .
O c cu p a tio n s m o s t l ik e ly to r e f l e c t
su ch ch a n g e s in the s a la r y a v e r a g e s a r e the h ig h e r le v e ls o f p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d ­
m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a tio n s and s in g le -in c u m b e n t p o s it io n s s u ch as c h ie f a cco u n ta n t,
d i r e c t o r o f p e r s o n n e l, and m a n a g e r o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s . 7
A v e r a g e S a la r ie s ,

June 1967

A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s f o r the o c c u p a tio n s in c lu d e d in this s u r v e y ra n g e d
f r o m $ 2 8 4 f o r file c l e r k s I to $ 2 ,2 7 4 f o r the top le v e l o f a tto r n e y s u r v e y e d
(ta b le 1).
T h e s e e x t r e m e s r e f l e c t the w id e ra n g e o f d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s
r e p r e s e n t e d b y the 81 o c c u p a tio n a l w o r k le v e ls s u r v e y e d .
A v e r a g e s a la r ie s f o r
the o c c u p a tio n a l l e v e l s , and a b r i e f in d ic a tio n o f the d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s
th ey r e p r e s e n t , a r e s u m m a r iz e d in the fo llo w in g p a r a g r a p h s . 8
A m o n g the fiv e le v e ls o f accountants s u r v e y e d , a v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s
ra n g ed f r o m $ 5 8 2 f o r a cco u n ta n ts I to $ 1 ,0 6 6 f o r a cco u n ta n ts V.
A uditors in the
fo u r le v e ls d e fin e d f o r s u r v e y had a v e r a g e s a la r ie s ra n g in g f r o m $ 5 9 9 a m o n th
f o r a u d ito r s I to $ 9 6 9 f o r a u d ito rs IV .
L e v e l I in b oth the a cc o u n tin g and a u d itin g
s e r i e s in c lu d e d t r a in e e s who had b a c h e l o r ’ s d e g r e e s in a cc o u n tin g o r the e q u iv a ­
len t in e d u c a tio n and e x p e r ie n c e c o m b in e d .
A t e a ch c o r r e s p o n d in g l e v e l, a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s w e r e h ig h e r f o r a u d ito rs than f o r a c c o u n ta n ts .
F o r l e v e l III, the m o s t
h e a v ily p o p u la te d g ro u p in b oth s e r i e s , m o n th ly s a l a r ie s a v e r a g e d $ 7 4 0 f o r a c ­
cou n ta n ts and $ 7 8 7 f o r a u d ito r s .
W h e re a s m o r e than t w o -t h ir d s o f th e a cco u n ta n ts
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu r in g , th is in d u s tr y d iv is io n e m p lo y e d fe w e r than o n e h a lf o f the a u d ito r s . 9
The o th e r la r g e e m p lo y e r s o f a u d ito r s w e r e in the fin a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e , and r e a l es ta te d iv is io n , w h ich a cco u n te d f o r o n e -fo u r t h o f th e s e
w orkers.
T h e p r o p o r t io n o f e m p lo y e e s in e a ch m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n w ith in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y is sh ow n b y o c c u p a tio n in ta b le 7 and p r e s e n t e d g r a p h ic a lly
in ch a rt 4, p a ge 15.
7

These types of occupations also may be subject to greater sampling error, as explained in the last paragraph
of appendix A.
8 Classification of employees in the occupations and work levels surveyed was based on factors detailed in the
definitions in appendix C.
9 Establishments primarily engaged in providing accounting and auditing services were excluded from the survey.




7

C h ie f accountants w e r e s u r v e y e d s e p a r a t e ly f r o m
a cco u n ta n ts and in c lu d e d
th o s e w ho d e v e lo p o r adapt and d i r e c t the a cc o u n tin g p r o g r a m f o r a c o m p a n y o r
an e s ta b lis h m e n t (plan t) o f a c o m p a n y .
L e v e l c l a s s if i c a t io n w as d e t e r m in e d b y
the e x ten t o f d e le g a te d a u th o r ity and r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; the t e c h n ic a l c o m p le x it y o f
the s y s t e m ; and, to a l e s s e r d e g r e e , the s iz e o f the p r o f e s s i o n a l s ta ff d ir e c t e d .
C h ie f a cco u n ta n ts at l e v e l I, w ho h a v e a u th o r ity to adapt the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m ,
e s ta b lis h e d at h ig h e r l e v e l s , to m e e t the n e e d s o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t o f a c o m p a n y
w ith r e l a t iv e ly fe w and s ta b le fu n c tio n s and w o r k p r o c e s s e s (d ir e c t in g o n e o r tw o
a c c o u n ta n ts ), a v e r a g e d $ 981 a m on th .
C h ie f a cco u n ta n ts IV , 101 w h o h ave a u th o r ity
to e s t a b lis h and m a in ta in the a c c o u n tin g p r o g r a m , s u b je c t to g e n e r a l p o l i c y g u id e ­
lin e s , f o r a c o m p a n y w ith n u m e ro u s and v a r ie d fu n c tio n s and w o r k p r o c e s s e s
(d ir e c t in g as m a n y as 40 a c c o u n ta n ts ), a v e r a g e d $ 1 ,5 7 5 a m on th .
N e a r ly t h r e e fifth s o f the c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts w ho m e t the r e q u ir e m e n t s o f the d e fin itio n s f o r
th e s e foftr l e v e ls w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s and a lm o s t o n e fifth w e r e in the fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te d iv is io n .

A tto rneys w e r e c l a s s i f i e d in to s e v e n le v e ls b a s e d u pon the d iffic u lt y o f t h e ir
a s s ig n m e n ts and t h e ir r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s . 1
1 A tto r n e y s I, w h ich in c lu d e d n e w la w
g ra d u a te s w ith le s s than a y e a r o f e x p e r ie n c e , w e r e n ot foun d in s u ffic ie n t
n u m b e r to p e r m i t p u b lis h in g data f o r th is l e v e l.
F o r the n e x t h ig h e r l e v e l,
a tto r n e y s II, s a l a r ie s a v e r a g e d $ 8 0 2 a m on th .
W o rk p e r f o r m e d at th is l e v e l
w as s t il l r e l a t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d s in c e it u s u a lly in v o lv e d p r o b le m s in w h ich
fa c ts w e r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d and p r e c e d e n t s c l e a r l y a p p lie d .
A t to r n e y s in the top
le v e l s u r v e y e d , l e v e l VII, e a r n e d an a v e r a g e o f $ 2 ,2 7 4 a m o n th .
T h e s e a tto r n e y s
d e a lt w ith le g a l m a tte r s o f c r i t i c a l im p o r ta n c e to th e ir o r g a n iz a t io n s , and w e r e
u s u a lly s u b o r d in a te o n ly to the g e n e r a l c o u n s e l o r h is im m e d ia te d ep u ty in v e r y
la r g e f i r m s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te in d u s tr ie s e m p lo y e d a lm o s t
o n e -h a lf o f the a tto r n e y s ; m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s tr ie s e m p lo y e d t h r e e - t e n t h s , and a
h ig h p r o p o r t io n o f the r e m a in d e r w e r e e m p lo y e d in p u b lic u t ilit ie s (17 p e r c e n t ).

Managers of o ffic e s erv ice s w e r e c l a s s i f i e d in to fo u r le v e ls b a s e d on the v a r ie t y
o f c l e r i c a l and o th e r o f f i c e s e r v i c e s s u p e r v is e d and the s iz e o f the o r g a n i ­
z a tio n s e r v i c e d .
T h o s e at le v e l I w e r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r p r o v id in g fo u r o r fiv e o f
the n in e o f f i c e s e r v i c e fu n c tio n s e n u m e ra te d in the s u r v e y d e fin itio n f o r a s ta ff
o f 300 to 600 e m p lo y e e s , c o m p a r e d w ith s e v e n o r eig h t fu n c tio n s f o r abou t 1 ,5 0 0
to 3 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s at l e v e l IV .
A m o n g th e s e l e v e l s , a v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s
ra n g ed f r o m $ 7 1 3 to $ 1 ,2 8 4 .
M a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s tr ie s a c c o u n te d f o r a lm o s t
t w o -t h ir d s o f the e m p lo y e e s in the fo u r l e v e ls c o m b in e d , and an a d d itio n a l fifth
w e r e e m p lo y e d in fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te in d u s t r ie s .

B uyers a v e r a g e d $586 a m on th at le v e l I, w h ich in c lu d e d th o s e w h o p u r ­
c h a s e d " o f f - t h e - s h e l f " and r e a d ily a v a ila b le ite m s and s e r v i c e s f r o m l o c a l s o u r c e s .
B u y e r s IV , 12 w h o p u r c h a s e d la r g e a m ou n ts o f h ig h ly c o m p le x and t e c h n ic a l it e m s ,
m a t e r i a l s , o r s e r v i c e s w e r e p a id m o n th ly s a la r ie s a v e r a g in g $ 9 8 4 .
M a n u fa c ­
tu rin g in d u s tr ie s a c c o u n te d f o r 86 p e r c e n t o f the b u y e r s in the fo u r l e v e l s .

10 Although level V was surveyed, as defined in appendix C, too few employees met requirements for this
level to warrant presentation of salary figures.
11 Establishments primarily engaged in offering legal advice or legal services were excluded from the survey.
12 Op. c i t . , footnote 10.




8

In the p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t f ie l d , fo u r w o r k l e v e ls e a c h o f job a n aly sts
and directors of personnel 13 w e r e s tu d ie d . J o b a n a ly s ts I, d e fin e d to in c lu d e t r a in e e s
u n d e r im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n , a v e r a g e d $ 6 3 5 c o m p a r e d w ith $ 9 9 7 f o r jo b a n a ­
ly s t s IV , w h o a n a ly z e and e v a lu a te a v a r ie t y o f the m o r e d if fic u lt jo b s u n d e r
g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n and who m a y p a r t ic ip a t e in the d e v e lo p m e n t and in s ta lla t io n
o f e v a lu a tio n o r c o m p e n s a tio n s y s t e m s .
D i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l w e r e lim it e d
by d e fin itio n to th o s e w h o had p r o g r a m s that in c lu d e d , at a m in im u m , r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y f o r a d m in is te r in g a f o r m a l jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m , e m p lo y m e n t and p l a c e ­
m en t fu n c tio n s , and e m p lo y e e r e la t io n s and s e r v i c e s fu n c tio n s .
T h o s e w ith
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r a ctu a l c o n t r a c t n e g o tia t io n w ith l a b o r u n io n s a s the p r in c ip a l
c o m p a n y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e w e r e e x c lu d e d .
P r o v i s i o n s w e r e m a d e in the d e fin itio n
f o r w e ig h in g v a r io u s c o m b in a tio n s o f d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s to d e te r m in e the
le v e l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
A m o n g p e r s o n n e l d i r e c t o r s w ith jo b fu n c tio n s as s p e c if ie d
f o r the fo u r l e v e ls o f r e s p o n s i b i li t y , a v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s ra n g e d f r o m
$ 867 f o r l e v e l I to $ 1 ,5 9 9 f o r le v e l IV .
M a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s a c c o u n te d f o r
77 p e r c e n t o f the jo b a n a ly s ts and 74 p e r c e n t o f the d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l in ­
c lu d e d in the stu d y ; the fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te in d u s tr ie s ra n k e d n e x t,
w ith 13 p e r c e n t o f the jo b a n a ly s ts and 9 p e r c e n t o f the d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l.

C hem ists and engineers e a c h w e r e s u r v e y e d in e ig h t l e v e l s .
B o th s e r i e s
s ta r te d w ith a p r o f e s s i o n a l tr a in e e l e v e l, t y p ic a lly r e q u ir in g a B . S. d e g r e e .
The
h ig h e s t le v e l s u r v e y e d in v o lv e d e ith e r fu ll r e s p o n s i b i li t y o v e r a v e r y b r o a d and
h ig h ly c o m p l e x and d iv e r s if ie d e n g in e e r in g o r c h e m ic a l p r o g r a m , w ith s e v e r a l
s u b o r d in a te s e a ch d ir e c t in g la r g e and im p o r ta n t s e g m e n ts o f the p r o g r a m ; o r in ­
d iv id u a l r e s e a r c h and c o n s u lta tio n in d iffic u lt p r o b le m a r e a s w h e r e the e n g in e e r
o r c h e m is t w a s a r e c o g n i z e d a u th o r ity and w h e r e s o lu tio n s w o u ld r e p r e s e n t a
m a jo r s c i e n t if ic o r t e c h n o lo g ic a l a d v a n c e . 1
14 A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s r a n g e d
3
f r o m $ 6 9 9 f o r e n g in e e r s I to $ 1 ,8 5 3 f o r e n g in e e r s V III, and f r o m $ 6 3 3 f o r
c h e m is t s I to $ 2, 056 f o r c h e m is t s V III. A lth o u g h , at l e v e l I, the a v e r a g e s a l a ­
r i e s o f e n g in e e r s e x c e e d e d th o s e f o r c h e m is t s b y 10 p e r c e n t , at le v e l IV the
d if fe r e n c e n a r r o w e d to 3 p e r c e n t , and at l e v e l V III the a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s o f
c h e m is t s e x c e e d e d th o s e f o r e n g in e e r s b y 11 p e r c e n t .
L e v e l IV , the l a r g e s t
g r o u p in e a ch s e r i e s , in c lu d e d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s w h o w e r e fu lly c o m p e te n t
in a ll t e c h n ic a l a s p e c t s o f th e ir a s s ig n m e n t s , w o r k e d w ith c o n s id e r a b le in d e ­
p e n d e n c e , and, in s o m e c a s e s , s u p e r v is e d a fe w p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k ­
ers.
M a n u fa ctu r in g in d u s t r ie s a c c o u n te d f o r 79 p e r c e n t o f a ll e n g in e e r s and
88 p e r c e n t o f a ll c h e m is t s ; p u b lic u t ilit ie s , 10 and l e s s than 2 p e r c e n t , r e s p e c ­
t iv e ly ; and the s u r v e y e d e n g in e e r in g and s c i e n t if ic s e r v i c e s e m p lo y e d v ir t u a lly
a ll o f the o t h e r s .
Th e f i v e - l e v e l s e r i e s f o r engineering te ch n ician s w a s lim it e d , b y d e fin itio n ,
to e m p lo y e e s p r o v id in g s e m ip r o f e s s i o n a l t e c h n ic a l s u p p o r t to e n g in e e r s e n g a g e d
in s u ch a r e a s a s r e s e a r c h , d e s ig n , d e v e lo p m e n t , t e s tin g , o r m a n u fa ctu rin g p r o c e s s
im p r o v e m e n t , and w h o s e w o r k p e r ta in e d to e l e c t r i c a l , e l e c t r o n i c , o r m e c h a n ic a l
c o m p o n e n ts o r e q u ip m e n t. T e c h n ic ia n s e n g a g e d p r i m a r il y in p r o d u c tio n o r m a in ­
ten a n ce w o r k w e r e e x c lu d e d .
E n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s I, w ho p e r f o r m e d s im p le ,
ro u tin e ta sk s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , o r f r o m d e ta ile d p r o c e d u r e s , w e r e p a id
m o n th ly s a la r ie s a v e r a g in g $ 4 4 7 .
E n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s V , the h ig h e s t le v e l
s u r v e y e d , a v e r a g e d $ 778 a m on th .
T h at l e v e l in c lu d e d fu lly e x p e r ie n c e d t e c h ­
n ic ia n s p e r f o r m in g m o r e c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts in v o lv in g r e s p o n s i b i li t y f o r p la n ­
ning and c o n d u ctin g a c o m p le t e p r o je c t o f r e l a t iv e ly lim it e d s c o p e , o r a p o r t io n

13 Although level V o f directors o f personnel was surveyed, as defined in appendix C, too few employees met
requirements for this level to warrant presentation o f salary figures.
14 It was recognized in the definition that top positions o f some companies with unusually extensive and com ­
plex engineering or chem ical programs were above that level.




9

o f a l a r g e r and m o r e d iv e r s e p r o j e c t , in a c c o r d a n c e w ith o b je c t i v e s , r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts , and d e s ig n a p p r o a c h e s as ou tlin e d b y the s u p e r v is o r o r a p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r .
A v e r a g e s f o r in t e r m e d ia te le v e ls III and IV , at w h ich a m a jo r i t y o f
the te c h n ic ia n s s u r v e y e d w e r e c l a s s i f i e d , w e r e $ 6 0 3 and $ 6 9 3 , r e s p e c t i v e l y .
As
m ig h t b e e x p e c t e d , n e a r ly a ll o f the te c h n ic ia n s as d e fin e d w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g (78 p e r c e n t ) and in the s c i e n t if ic s e r v i c e s in d u s tr ie s stu d ie d (17 p e r ­
c e n t).
A lth ou g h the r a tio o f s u ch te c h n ic ia n s to e n g in e e r s stu d ie d w as abou t 1 to
4 , r e s p e c t i v e l y , in a ll m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , h ig h e r r a tio s o f a p p r o x im a t e ly
1 to 2 w e r e foun d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts m a n u fa ctu rin g m e c h a n ic a l and e l e c t r i c a l
e q u ip m en t and in r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t, and te s tin g la b o r a t o r i e s .
In the drafting fie ld , the d e fin itio n s u s e d in the s u r v e y c o v e r e d fo u r l e v e ls o f
w o r k — d r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s , and d r a ft s m e n I, II, and III. M o n th ly s a l a r ie s a v e r a g e d
$ 3 9 5 f o r d r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s and ra n g e d f r o m $ 4 8 0 to $ 7 2 7 a m o n g the th r e e l e v e ls
o f d r a fts m e n .
D r a f t s m e n -t r a c e r s c o p y p la n s and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s
o r p r e p a r e s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d ra w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
T h e th r e e
d r a fts m e n le v e ls as d e fin e d ra n g e d f r o m e m p lo y e e s p r e p a r in g d e ta il d ra w in g s o f
s in g le un its o r p a r ts ( le v e l I) to th o s e w h o, w o r k in g in c l o s e s u p p o rt w ith the
d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , p la n the g r a p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x ite m s h a v in g d i s t i n c ­
tiv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s , and e ith e r p r e p a r e o r d ir e c t the p r e p a r a t io n o f the d ra w in g s
( le v e l III).
Th e d r a ftin g e m p lo y e e s w e r e d is tr ib u t e d b y in d u s tr y in abou t the
s a m e p r o p o r t io n as e n g in e e r s , w ith 80 p e r c e n t in m a n u fa c tu r in g , 8 p e r c e n t in
p u b lic u t ilit ie s , and n e a r ly a ll o f the r e m a in d e r in the s e le c t e d e n g in e e r in g and
s c i e n t if ic s e r v i c e s in d u s tr ie s s tu d ie d .
A m o n g the 21 c le ric a l jobs in c lu d e d in th is stu d y , a v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r ie s
ra n g ed f r o m $ 2 8 4 f o r f il e c le r k s I to $ 5 7 8 f o r s e c r e t a r i e s IV , the top l e v e l o f
a n ew s e r i e s in the c u r r e n t s u r v e y .
T h e fo u r le v e ls o f s e c r e t a r i e s , w ho w e r e
c l a s s if i e d a c c o r d in g to the p o s it io n o f th e ir s u p e r v is o r s , r e p r e s e n t the m o s t
h e a v ily p o p u la te d g ro u p o f c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
F o r o th e r la r g e g r o u p s , a v e r a g e
s a la r ie s o f $ 3 8 4 and $ 44 9 w e r e r e p o r t e d f o r g e n e r a l and s e n io r s t e n o g r a p h e r s ;
the tw o l e v e ls o f ty p is ts a v e r a g e d $ 3 2 9 and $ 3 9 0 .
G e n e r a lly , a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
f o r c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s w e r e h ig h e s t in p u b lic u tilitie s and m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s
and lo w e s t in the fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta t e , and r e t a il tr a d e d iv is io n s .
E m p lo y m e n t in m a n u fa c tu r in g e x c e e d e d that in any o f the n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g d iv i ­
s io n s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y in 15 o f the 21 c l e r i c a l w o r k l e v e ls ; h ig h e s t
e m p lo y m e n t to ta ls in the o th e r s ix le v e ls w e r e in the fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s ta te d iv is io n .
W o m e n a c c o u n te d f o r n in e -te n th s o r m o r e o f the e m p lo y e e s
in 15 o f the c l e r i c a l w o r k l e v e l s , and m e n a c c o u n te d f o r h a lf o r m o r e in fo u r
(ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s I, II, and III, and o f f i c e b o y s o r g i r l s ) .
M e d ia n m o n th ly s a l a r ie s (the am ou n t b e lo w and a b o v e w h ich 50 p e r c e n t o f
the e m p lo y e e s w e r e found) f o r m o s t o f the w o r k l e v e ls w e r e s lig h tly l o w e r than
the w e ig h te d a v e r a g e s (m e a n s ) c ite d a b o v e (i. e. , the s a l a r ie s in the u p p e r h a lv e s
o f the a r r a y s had a g r e a t e r e f fe c t on the a v e r a g e s than did the s a l a r ie s in the
lo w e r h a lv e s ).
T h e r e la t iv e d if f e r e n c e b e tw e e n the m e d ia n and the m e a n w as
le s s than 2 p e r c e n t f o r 54 o f the 81 w o r k le v e ls and as m u ch as 2 but l e s s than
4 p e r c e n t in 24 a d d itio n a l l e v e l s .
T h e w e ig h te d a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s e x c e e d e d the
m e d ia n s b y 4 to 5 p e r c e n t f o r m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s III, k e y p u n ch o p e r a ­
t o r s I, and o f f i c e b o y s o r g i r l s .

S a la r y L e v e ls in M e t r o p o lit a n A r e a s
In m o s t o f the o c c u p a tio n a l w o r k l e v e ls , a v e r a g e s a la r ie s f o r e m p lo y e e s
in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s (ta b le 2) w e r e e ith e r id e n tic a l to o r s lig h t ly h ig h e r than
a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s f o r e m p lo y e e s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in fu ll s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y (ta b le 1).
E m p lo y m e n t in the s u r v e y o c c u p a tio n s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s




10

a c c o u n te d f o r a p p r o x im a t e ly n in e -te n th s o f the to ta l n a tio n w id e e m p lo y m e n t r e ­
p o r te d in th e s e o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e p r o p o r t io n s v a r ie d , h o w e v e r , a m o n g o c c u p a ­
tio n s and w o r k l e v e l s .
N e a r ly a ll o f the a tto r n e y s at e a c h l e v e l, f o r e x a m p le ,
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , w h e r e a s the p r o p o r t io n o f c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts
and d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l fo r a ll le v e ls c o m b in e d w a s a p p r o x im a t e ly f o u r - f i f t h s
w ith a s m a lle r p r o p o r t io n at the lo w e s t l e v e l s .
In a m a jo r it y o f the 81 w o r k
le v e ls s tu d ie d , m o r e than n in e -te n th s o f the e m p lo y m e n t w a s in m e t r o p o lit a n
a rea s.
It is a p p a r e n t, t h e r e f o r e , that a lth ou gh a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s u s u a lly w e r e
lo w e r in the n o n m e tr o p o lita n c o u n t ie s , in th o s e w o r k l e v e ls in w h ich n e a r ly a ll
o f the e m p lo y m e n t w a s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s , n o n m e tr o p o lita n c o u n tie s c o u ld
h av e little e f f e c t u pon the a v e r a g e s f o r a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o m b in e d .
O n ly in
th r e e o f the 81 w o r k l e v e ls s tu d ie d w e r e a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s m o r e than 1. 5 (but
n ot m o r e than 2. 1) p e r c e n t h ig h e r in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s than in a ll a r e a s c o m ­
b in e d ; in a ll o f th e s e c a s e s the p r o p o r t io n o f the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t w ith in n o n ­
m e t r o p o lit a n co u n tie s w a s o v e r 10 p e r c e n t .

I n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n ts f r o m
F e b r u a r y — a r c h 1966 to June 1967 w e r e w ith in a h a lf p e r c e n t a g e p o in t o f i n ­
M
c r e a s e s r e p o r t e d f o r a ll a r e a s s tu d ie d in 65 o f the 77 l e v e l s .
The y e a r -to -y e a r
i n c r e a s e s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s c o m p a r e d w ith a ll a r e a s w e r e l a r g e r f o r 34,
s m a lle r f o r 36 l e v e l s , and the s a m e f o r s e v e n .

S a la r y L e v e ls in L a r g e E s ta b lis h m e n ts
It w a s p o s s i b l e to p r e s e n t s e p a r a te data f o r 72 o f the 81 o c c u p a tio n w o r k
le v e ls fo r a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith 2, 500 e m p lo y e e s o r m o r e (ta b le 3 ).
C om ­
p a r is o n s b e tw e e n e m p lo y m e n ts and r e la t iv e s a la r y le v e ls in th e s e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o m b in e d a ls o a r e p r e s e n t e d .
E s t a b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g
2, 500 o r m o r e a c c o u n te d f o r n e a r ly t w o -fift h s o f the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t in p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y , and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s w ith in s c o p e o f
the s u r v e y , and a p p r o x im a t e ly the s a m e p r o p o r t io n o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t in the
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d .
L a r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c c o u n te d f o r v a r y in g p r o ­
p o r tio n s o f to ta l e m p lo y m e n t in the 72 o c c u p a tio n a l w o r k le v e ls sh ow n in ta b le 3,
ra n g in g f r o m 14 to 79 p e r c e n t ( d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l III and jo b a n a ly s ts IV ,
re s p e c tiv e ly ).

Th e s a la r y le v e ls in la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f l e v e ls
in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts c o m b in e d , ra n g e d f r o m l e s s than 100 (fo r the to p l e v e l
s u r v e y e d in e a c h o f the a tto r n e y , jo b a n a ly s t , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s e r i e s ,
and m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s III) to 120 f o r d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l III.
As
sh ow n in the fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n , s a la r y a v e r a g e s f o r la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts e x ­
c e e d e d the a ll-e s t a b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e s b y 5 p e r c e n t o r m o r e in 20 o f 21 c l e r i c a l
jo b s , but in o n ly 15 o f 51 n o n c l e r i c a l jo b s .




Number of job categories

Pay levels as percent of all
establishment average
Total
90-9 4 ............
95-100--------101-104------105-109------110 and over-

Professional
and
administrative
51
1
5
30
12
3

Clerical
21

_
-

1
13
7

11

T h e s e r e la t iv e s a la r y le v e ls in la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts te n d e d to be h ig h e s t
f o r w o r k l e v e ls in w h ich su ch e s ta b lis h m e n ts a c c o u n te d f o r the s m a lle s t p r o p o r ­
tio n o f the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t.
T h u s , the d e g r e e o f e m p lo y m e n t c o n c e n t r a t io n
(in la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts ) ra n g e d f r o m 19 to 42 p e r c e n t f o r c l e r i c a l jo b s ; in a l ­
m o s t h a lf o f the n o n c l e r i c a l j o b s , m o r e than 40 p e r c e n t w e r e in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith 2, 500 o r m o r e e m p lo y e e s .
S a la r y D is t r ib u tio n s
P e r c e n t d is tr ib u t io n s o f e m p lo y e e s b y m o n th ly s a l a r i e s a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r
the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s in ta b le 4 , and f o r e n g in e e r in g
te c h n ic ia n s in ta b le 5; d is tr ib u t io n s b y w e e k ly s a l a r ie s a r e sh ow n f o r e m p lo y e e s
in the d r a ftin g and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s in ta b le 6. 15 W ith in n e a r ly a ll o f the
81 o c c u p a tio n w o r k l e v e l s , s a la r y r a te s f o r s o m e o f the h ig h e s t p a id e m p lo y e e s
w e r e tw ic e th o s e o f the lo w e s t p a id e m p lo y e e s .
A ll o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich tw o
le v e ls o r m o r e o f w o r k w e r e s u r v e y e d s h o w e d a s u b s ta n tia l d e g r e e o f o v e r la p p in g
o f in d iv id u a l s a l a r ie s b e tw e e n w o r k le v e ls in the s a m e o c c u p a tio n .
R a n g e s in
s a la r y r a te s o f e m p lo y e e s in e s t a b lis h e d p a y g r a d e s o r w o r k le v e ls w ith in s a la r y
s t r u c t u r e s o f in d iv id u a l f ir m s a ls o e x h ib ite d s u b s ta n tia l o v e r la p p in g .
T h e m id d le 50 and 80 p e r c e n t o f the r a n g e , and the m e d ia n s a la r y f o r e a ch
o c c u p a tio n w o r k l e v e l h a v e b e e n c h a r te d (c h a r ts 2 and 3) to p o in t up o c c u p a t io n a l
p ay r e la t io n s h ip s as w e ll as the t y p ic a lly g r e a t e r d e g r e e o f s a la r y d is p e r s io n
a s s o c i a t e d w ith the h ig h e r w o r k le v e ls in e a ch o c c u p a tio n a l s e r i e s .
Th e a b s o lu te s p r e a d b e tw e e n h ig h e s t and lo w e s t p a id w o r k e r s w ith in g iv e n
w o r k le v e ls ten d ed to w id en w ith e a ch s u c c e s s i v e w o r k le v e l f o r m o s t o c c u p a ­
tio n s in w h ich tw o l e v e ls o r m o r e w e r e s u r v e y e d . T h e r e la t iv e s p r e a d in s a la r y
ra n g e s v a r ie d c o n s id e r a b ly a m on g o c c u p a t io n s , and in m o s t c a s e s , the r e la t iv e
s p r e a d w a s s m a lle r f o r p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e w o r k le v e ls than f o r
c l e r i c a l l e v e ls stu d ie d .
E x p r e s s in g the s a la r y ra n g e o f the m id d le 50 p e r c e n t
o f e m p lo y e e s as a p e r c e n t o f the m e d ia n s a la r y p e r m it t e d c o m p a r is o n s o f s a la r y
r a n g e s fo r the v a r io u s w o r k l e v e ls on the s a m e b a s is , and a ls o e lim in a te d e x ­
t r e m e lo w and h ig h s a l a r ie s f r o m e a ch c o m p a r is o n .
Distribution of work levels by degree of dispersion
(salary range of middle 50 percent of employees
_____ expressed as a percent of median salary)______

Occupational group
A ll l e v e l s ---------------------------------Accountants-------------------------------------Auditors--------------------------------------------Chief accountants----------------------------- ----A ttorn eys----------------------------------------Managers, o ffice s e r v ic e s ----------------Buyers----------------------------- ---------------Job analysts------------------------------- ------Directors o f personnel---- -----------------Chemists------------------------------------------Engineers-------------------------------------- —
Engineering techn icians---- --------------D ra ftin g ------------------------------------------C lerical---------------------------------------------

Total

Under
15

15
and
under
20

20
and
under
25

25
and
under
30
13

81

8

21

37

5
4
4
6
4
4
4
4
8
8
5
4
21

1

3
1
1

1
3
2
3
2
3
1
2
1
3
1
4
11

1
1

1
1
3

3
2

6
2
2
1

30
and
over
2

1
1

2
1

8

X

15 Technical considerations dictated the summarization o f employee distributions by weekly salaries in the case
o f the drafting and clerical jobs.




12

Chart 2. Salaries in Professional and Technical Occupations, June 1967




M edian M onthly S alaries and Ranges W ithin W hich Fell 50 P ercent and 8 0 P erce n t of Employees
0

$250

$500

$750

$ 1 ,0 0 0

$ 1 ,2 5 0

$ 1 ,5 0 0

$ 1 ,7 5 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0

$ 2 ,2 5 0

$ 2 ,5 0 0

$ 2 ,7 5 0

13

Chart 3. Salaries in Adm inistrative and Clerical Occupations, June 1967
M edian M onthly S alaries and Ranges W ithin Which Fell 50 P ercent and 8 0 P ercent of Employees
0
OCCUPATION AND CLASS
D irectors of personnel

IV
III

I
I
I
Job analysts

IV
III

I
I
M anagers, offic e

services

IV
III

I
I
I
Buyers

IV
III

I
I
I
Secretaries

IV
III

I
I
I
Tabu la tin g -m ac h in e o perators

III

I
I
I
C lerks, accoun ting

||
I

S te nograp hers, sen ior
S tenograp hers, general
S w itchboard o p e ra to rs

II

Keypunch operators

II

I

I
C lerks, file

III

I
I
I
Typists

O ffice boys or girls




II

$200

$400

$600

$800

$ 1 ,0 0 0 $ 1 ,2 0 0

$ 1 ,4 0 0

$ 1,6 00

$ 1 ,8 0 0

$ 2 ,0 0 0

$ 2 ,2 0 0

14

T h e w id e v a r ia t io n in the d e g r e e o f d is p e r s io n f o r the p r o f e s s i o n a l and
a d m in is t r a t iv e s a l a r ie s is c l e a r l y illu s t r a t e d in the ta b u la tio n on p a g e 11. In c o n ­
t r a s t , s a l a r ie s f o r the c l e r i c a l le v e ls w e r e d is p e r s e d in a m u ch m o r e c o n s is t e n t
p a tte r n , w ith the m id d le r a n g e s fa llin g b e tw e e n 20 and 30 p e r c e n t o f the c o r r e ­
sp on d in g m e d ia n s f o r a ll but on e l e v e l (17 p e r c e n t f o r file c l e r k s I).
D i f f e r e n c e s in the ra n g e o f s a l a r ie s p a id in d iv id u a ls w ith in w o r k le v e ls
s u r v e y e d r e f l e c t a v a r ie t y o f f a c t o r s o th e r than d if f e r e n c e s in the ra n g e o f d u tie s
and r e s p o n s i b i li t i e s e n c o m p a s s e d b y the v a r io u s w o r k l e v e l d e fin it io n s . S a la r ie s
o f in d iv id u a ls in the sam e, o c c u p a tio n and g r a d e l e v e l m a y v a r y c o n s id e r a b ly w ith in
e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S a la r ie s o f w h i t e - c o l l a r e m p lo y e e s a r e g e n e r a lly d e t e r m in e d on
an in d iv id u a l b a s is o r u n d e r f o r m a li z e d p a y p la n s w h ich p r o v id e f o r a ra n g e in
s a la r y r a te s f o r e a c h g r a d e l e v e l w ith in e a ch o c c u p a t io n .
T h e i n - g r a d e s a la r y
s p r e a d (i. e. , the p e r c e n t d if fe r e n c e b e tw e e n the m in im u m and m a x im u m r a t e s
f o r a g r a d e ) ten d s to b e g r e a t e r in the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e jo b s than
in the c l e r i c a l j o b s .
F o r the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a t io n s , the
jo b f ie l d ten d s to b e n a tio n a l in s c o p e .
O ffic e c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s , on the o th e r
h an d , a r e u s u a lly r e c r u it e d l o c a l l y . 16 A s p o in te d out e a r l i e r (and in d ic a te d in
ta b le 7 and c h a r t 4 ), e m p lo y m e n t in the v a r io u s in d u s t r ie s w ith in the s c o p e o f
the s u r v e y v a r i e s c o n s id e r a b ly f r o m o c c u p a tio n to o c c u p a tio n .
T h e s e v a r ia t io n s
in e m p lo y m e n t a ls o a r e r e f l e c t e d in s a la r y l e v e ls and d is tr ib u t io n s to the e x te n t
that s a l a r ie s d if fe r b y in d u s tr y , a s e x p la in e d in the fo llo w in g s e c t io n .

P a y D i f f e r e n c e s b y In d u stry
T h e s u r v e y w a s p la n n ed to p e r m it p u b lic a tio n o f n a tio n a l s a la r y e s t im a t e s
b y l e v e l o f w o r k f o r the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s in a ll in d u s ­
t r ie s w ith in s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
B y c o m b in in g the data f o r a ll l e v e l s o f w o r k
s tu d ie d in e a c h o c c u p a t io n , it w a s p o s s ib le to p r e s e n t c o m p a r is io n s b e tw e e n r e l a ­
tiv e s a la r y l e v e l s in m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s and a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d (ta b le 8).
T o o b ta in r e la t iv e s a la r y l e v e l s , a g g r e g a t e s f o r the w o r k l e v e ls in e a c h o c c u p a ­
tio n c o m b in e d w e r e c o m p u te d f o r a ll in d u s tr ie s and f o r e a c h m a jo r in d u s tr y d i ­
v i s io n .
T h e a ll -i n d u s t r y e m p lo y m e n t in e a ch w o r k le v e l w a s u s e d a s a co n s ta n t
e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h t in co m p u tin g a g g r e g a t e s f o r the v a r io u s o c c u p a tio n s by in d u s ­
t r y to e lim in a te the in flu e n c e o f d if f e r e n c e s a m on g in d u s tr y d iv is io n s in the p r o ­
p o r t io n o f e m p lo y m e n t in v a r io u s w o r k l e v e l s . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r e a c h o c c u p a tio n
and in d u s tr y d iv is io n w e r e then e x p r e s s e d a s p e r c e n t a g e s o f the c o r r e s p o n d in g
g r o u p s in a ll in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
F o r a ll o f the c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d , and f o r a m a jo r i t y o f the p r o ­
f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is t r a t iv e o c c u p a tio n s in w h ich c o m p a r is o n s c o u ld be m a d e ,
r e la t iv e s a la r y l e v e ls w e r e lo w e r in r e t a il tr a d e and in fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and
r e a l e s ta te than in o th e r in d u s try d iv is io n s .
It is a p p a r e n t, t h e r e f o r e , that in
th o s e o c c u p a t io n s in w h ich r e t a il tr a d e and the fin a n c e in d u s t r ie s a c c o u n t f o r a
s u b s ta n tia l p r o p o r t io n o f the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t, the a v e r a g e s a l a r ie s f o r a ll i n ­
d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d a r e lo w e r e d , and the r e la t iv e le v e ls in in d u s t r ie s s u c h a s m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g and p u b lic u t ilit ie s ten d to be w e ll a b o v e 100 p e r c e n t o f the a ll - i n d u s t r y
l e v e l.
F o r e x a m p le , r e la t iv e p ay l e v e ls f o r f il e c l e r k s o f 108 p e r c e n t in m a n ­
u fa c tu r in g and 122 p e r c e n t in p u b lic u t ilit ie s r e f l e c t the in flu e n c e o f l o w e r s a l ­
a r i e s f o r the h ig h p r o p o r t io n (53 p e r c e n t ) o f a ll- i n d u s t r y e m p lo y m e n t a c c o u n te d
f o r b y the fin a n c e in d u s t r ie s .
In fin a n c e in d u s t r ie s , h o w e v e r , the r e la t iv e ly
l o w e r s a la r y l e v e ls w e r e o f fs e t to the ex te n t that a v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s in that
in d u s tr y w e r e l o w e r than in the o th e r in d u s tr ie s s u r v e y e d , a s sh ow n in ta b le 9.
16 For an analysis of interarea pay differentials in clerical salaries, see Wages and Related Benefits: Metropolitan
Areas, United States and Regional Summaries, 1965-66 (BLS Bulletin 1465—
86, 1967, Pt. II).




15

Chart 4.

Relative Em ploym ent in Selected Occupational Groups by
Industry Division, June 1967
PERCENT

O CCUPATIONAL GROUPS

------ 1----- 1
-

0

10

20

1

30

1

40

1

50

1

60

1

70

1

80

1

90

100

A ccountants and c h ie f
accountants

111!

Auditors

Attorneys

■HUB

m.
lHH

M anagers, o ffic e services

B uyers

BlIillB

D irectors of P erson nel
and job analysts

illl

111111

C hem ists

E ngineers

E n g in e e rin g te c h n ic ia n s
and d ra ftsm e n

C lerical em ployees




111111
____i____i____ i____ i____i____i____ i____ i____i____

M a n u fa c tu rin g

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate

Public U tilities

Trade and S elected S ervices

16

T h e r e la t iv e s a la r y le v e ls f o r m o s t o f the p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e ,
and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s ten d ed to b e n e a r e s t to 100 p e r c e n t o f the a ll -i n d u s t r y
le v e ls in m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , w h ich a c c o u n te d f o r a h ig h p r o p o r t io n o f the
tota l e m p lo y m e n t in m o s t o f th e s e o c c u p a t io n s .
R e la tiv e s a la r y l e v e ls f o r a
m a jo r i t y o f the c l e r i c a l and s o m e o f the p r o f e s s i o n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u ­
p a tio n s w e r e s lig h t ly h ig h e r in p u b lic u t ilit ie s than in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s t r ie s .
F o r e n g in e e r s , h o w e v e r , r e la t iv e s a la r y l e v e ls i n u t i l i t i e s w e r e 96 p e r c e n t o f the
a ll -i n d u s t r y l e v e l, c o m p a r e d w ith 100 f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g and 99 f o r the s e le c t e d
s e rv ice s .

A v e r a g e W e e k ly H ou rs
Th e len g th o f the w o r k w e e k , on w h ich the r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r y
w as b a s e d , w as ob ta in e d f o r in d iv id u a l e m p lo y e e s in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d .
T h e d is tr ib u t io n o f a v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s (ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) is
p r e s e n t e d in ta b le 9 f o r a ll w o r k l e v e ls o f e a c h o c c u p a t io n c o m b in e d in m a jo r
in d u s tr y d iv is io n s s u r v e y e d .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly h o u r s w e r e lo w e r in fin a n c e , in ­
s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te than in the o th e r in d u s tr y d iv i s io n s .
T h u s, in fin a n c e
in d u s t r ie s , w o r k w e e k s a v e r a g e d 38 h o u rs f o r a m a jo r i t y o f the o c c u p a t io n s , c o m ­
p a r e d to 39. 5 h o u rs in m a n u fa ctu rin g and f r o m 39 to 39. 5 h o u r s in the re m a in in g
in d u s tr ie s s u r v e y e d . 17

17 For additional information on scheduled weekly hours of office workers employed in metropolitan areas, see
Wages and Related Benefits, Part I: 85 Metropolitan Areas, 1966— (BLS Bulletin 1530—
67
87, 1967).




17
Table 1.

Average Salaries:

United States

( E m p l o y m e n t a nd a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s f o r s e l e c t e d p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , a nd c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s in
p r i v a t e i n d u s t r y , 1 U n it e d S t a t e s e x c e p t A l a s k a a nd H a w a i i , J un e 1967,
an d p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e in m e a n s a l a r i e s s i n c e F e b r u a r y —M a r c h 1966 ")
M o n t h l y s a l a r i e s 'i
O c c u p a t i o n and c l a s s
(S e e d e f i n i t i o n s in a p p e n d i x C)

A n n u a l <a l a r i e s 4
s

Number
of
em ployee s 3

Mean

M edian

4, 6 57
8, 969
22 , 93 3
15,292
6, 445

$58 2
65 2
740
88 8
1, 066

$57 8
645
735
875
1, 050

$54 0
590
6 74
8 04
955

$625
701
793
9 57
1, 174

$6,
7,
8,
10,
12,

99 0
820
879
66 0
795

729
1, 832
3, 8 04
2, 615

599
696
787
969

586
690
77 4
952

525
625
699
866

665
766
87 4
1, 050

7,
8,
9,
11,

716
1, 359
839
338

981
1, 086
1, 324
1, 575

99 0
1, 066
1, 290
1, 599

877
949
1, 207
1 ,4 6 4

1, 079
1, 190
1 ,4 5 0
1, 666

790
1, 083
1, 686
1, 445
5 54
355

802
987
202
434
785
274

800
950
182
400
749
250

738
87 4
1, 061
1, 250
1, 541
1,915

1,
1,
1,
2,
2,

M iddle range 5
F irst
quartile

T hird
quartile

M iddle range 5
Mean

M edian

Percent
i nc TC3. S0
in
mean
s a l a r ie s 2

F irst
quartile

T h ird
quartile

$6,936
7, 740
8, 820
10,500
12, 600

$6,480
7, 080
8, 088
9, 648
11,460

$7,500
8, 41 2
9,5 1 6
11,484
14,088

6.3
7.0
6.6
5 .4
3.7

190
354
449
63 3

7, 03 2
8, 280
9, 288
11,424

6,
7,
8,
10,

300
500
388
392

7, 980
9, 192
10,488
12, 600

12.2
7.9
6.1
3.9

11, 768
13, 036
15,883
18,896

11, 880
12, 792
15,480
19, 188

10,524
11,388
14,484
17,568

12, 948
14,280
17, 400
19,992

9.0
6.1
4.9
6.9

9, 622
11, 843
14,419
17, 206
21,415
27, 2 9 3 ’

9, 600
11,400
14,184
16, 80 0
20, 988
2 7,000

8, 856
10,488
12, 732
15,000
18,492
22, 980

9, 90 0
12,996
15,984
19,020
2 4,000
31, 200

5.5
7.9
2.6
2.9
3.2
5.6

A c c o u n t a n t s and a u d i t o r s
A ccountants
Accountants
A ccountants
A ccountants
A ccountants
Auditors
Auditors
Auditors
Auditors
Chief
Chief
Chief
C hief

I __ __________ _________
I I _____ _____ __________
III
___ ___________ ___
I V _____________
____ _ _
V __________________________

I --------------------___ ----I I _________ _ ______ _ ____
I I I _ _____________ _____ __
I V _ ______________________ ____

accountants
accountants
accountants
accountants

I _______ _______ _
I I ------------ ------------I I I _________________
I V ___ ____________

Attorneys 6
Attorneys
Attorneys
Attorneys
Attorneys
Attorneys
Attorneys

I I ____________________________
III __ ________ _ _ _______
I V _____________ ______ — _
V _____________________________
VI ___________________________
V I I ________ __
--------------

1,
1,
1,
2,

1,
1,
1,
2,

825
083
332
585
000
600

O ffice se r v ic e s
M anagers,
M anagers,
Managers,
M anagers,

office
office
office
office

services
services
services
services

295
675
353
58

71 3
866
1, 0 84
1, 284

708
8 64
1, 041
1, 245

639
779
947
1, 137

785
930
1 ,2 4 9
1 ,4 0 6

8, 562
10, 397
13, 011
15,414

8, 496
10,368
12,492
14, 94 0

7,
9,
11,
13,

668
348
364
64 4

9,4 2 0
11, 160
14,988
16,872

7.6
5.0
9.5
7.5

320
308
899
312

586
6 84
818
984

576
674
810
970

525
604
729
890

641
750
895
1, 066

7, 030
8, 211
9,8 1 9
11, 806

6, 912
8, 088
9, 720
11,640

6, 300
7, 248
8, 748
10,680

7, 69 2
9, 000
10,740
12, 792

5.7
3.7
6.1
4.9

142
339
696
539

635
68 0
801
997

639
665
795
995

580
61 0
72 4
9 04

705
745
875
1, 083

7, 621
8, 157
9, 618
11,964

7, 668
7, 980
9, 54 0
11,940

6, 960
7, 320
8, 688
10,848

8,
8,
10,
12,

7.6
5.2
2.0
5.5

1, 078
1, 653
1, 080
371

867
1, 033
1, 277
1, 599

838
1, 000
1, 249
1, 541

750
9 16
1, 100
1, 332

945
1, 125
1 ,4 5 0
1, 753

10,407
12, 394
15,319
19,186

10,056
12,000
14,988
18,492

9, 000
10, 9 92
13, 200
15,984

11, 340
13, 500
17,400
21, 036

4. 1
4 .3
5.3
5 .4

63 3
707
810
00 4
200
381
676
056

1,
1,
1,
2,

6 24
700
795
985
195
357
6 30
000

1,
1,
1,
1,

583
649
734
890
075
249
516
755

685
754
866
1, 115
1, 313
1 ,4 9 9
1, 825
2, 291

7, 590
8, 48 2
9 ,7 1 9
12,044
14, 405
16,575
20, 110
24, 676

7, 488
8, 40 0
9, 540
11, 8 20
14,340
16,284
19,560
2 4,000

6, 996
7, 788
8, 808
10, 680
12, 90 0
14, 988
18, 192
2 1,060

8, 220
9, 048
10, 392
13,380
15,756
17,988
21,900
27, 49 2

6.8
7.6
6 .7
5.2
4 .8
4 .0
6 .4
5.9

1,
1,
1,
1,
1,

700
750
85 2
025
199
384
6 07
825

660
708
7 94
930
1, 077
1, 229
1,441
1, 636

738
795
920
125
320
535
751
032

8, 388
9, 078
10, 330
12, 4 24
14, 523
16, 6 04
19,332
22, 235

8, 4 00
9, 000
10,224
12,300
14,388
16,608
19,284
21 , 9 00

7, 920
8, 496
9, 528
11, 160
12, 9 24
14, 748
17,292
19,632

8, 856
9, 540
11, 040
13, 500
15, 840
18,420
21 , 012
24, 384

8.0
6.9
5.6
5 .4
5 .3
4.9
3.5
2.8

I _____
I I _______
I I I _____
I V ______

Buyers
Buyers
Buyers
Buyers
Buyers

I _________________________________
I I ____ _ _
_________________
III _
_____ ________________
I V _________ ____________ ____

2,
8,
11,
4,

P ersonnel m anagement
Job
Job
Job
Job

analysts
analysts
analysts
analysts

D irectors
D irectors
D irectors
D irectors

of
of
of
of

I _____________ ______
__
I I __________________________
I I I _____________ _________
I V _____________________ personnel
personnel
personnel
personnel

I _____________
I I ____________
III
----------IV __ ____ _

460
940
500
996

C h e m i s t s and e n g i n e e r s
Chem ists
Chem ists
Chem ists
C hem ists
C hem ists
C hem ists
C hem ists
C hem ists

I ------------------ -----------------------I I _____ _
________
_______
I I I ---- -------------- ----------- —
I V _______________
_________
V ___________ __________ ___
V I _______________ __________
V I I ___________________________
V I I I ------------------ -

E ngineers
E ngineers
Engineers
E ngineers
Engineers
E ngineers
E ngineers
Engineers

I__ _____________________ —
I I ____________________________
I I I . ____ __________________
I V _________________________ V ____________________________
_______
V I ________________
V I I . _____________________ V I I I --------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2,
3,
8,
9,
7,
4,
1,

097
908
579
677
881
128
727
445

10, 587
2 8,273
77, 570
105,705
6 5, 835
3 5,674
11, 980
2, 955

1,
1,
1,
1,
2,

699
757
861
1, 035
1, 210
1, 384
1,611
1, 85 3

1,
1,
1,
1,
2,

18
Table 1.

Average Salaries:

United States---- Continued

( E m p l o y m e n t an d a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s f o r s e l e c t e d p r o f e s s i o n a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , t e c h n i c a l , and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s in
p r i v a t e i n d u s t r y , 1 U n it e d S t a te s e x c e p t A l a s k a an d H a w a i i , J un e 196 7,
an d p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e in m e a n s a l a r i e s s i n c e F e b r u a r y —M a r c h 1966 1
2)
Monthly s a l a r i e s 4
O c c u p a t i o n a nd c l a s s
( S e e d e f i n i t i o n s in a p p e n d i x C)

Number
of
em ployees 3

Annual s a l a r i e s 4

M i d d l e r a n g e 56
Mean

M edian

Fi r st
quartile

T hird
quartile

M iddle range 5
Mean

M ed ian

F i r st
quartile

T h ird
quartile

$4,728
5, 72 4
6, 588
7, 656
8, 592

$5, 916
6, 768
7, 812
8, 880
9 ,9 6 0

P ercent
in crease
in
mean
sa la ries 2

Engineerin g tech n ician s
I __
____
TT.................
TTT...........
I V _______
V _________

5, 625
15, 188
25,375
28,272
14, 927

$447
525
6 03
693
778

$45 0
521
599
688
768

$394
477
549
638
716

$49 3
564
651
740
830

D r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s ............................ .
D r a f t s m e n I __ ___ _________________
D r a f t s m e n I I ______ __ ___
______
D raftsm en T T
T

6, 640
20,695
30, 641
24,245

395
480
602
727

385
475
598
710

348
417
537
650

435
532
66 0
792

4,
5,
7,
8,

373
495
284
323
398
362
413
315
4 43
502
531
578
384
449
363
436

361
489
278
313
387
348
408
301
440
500
530
572
374
447
355
435

313
421
256
282
338
308
365
274
391
440
456
500
330
395
305
385

42 0
561
303
350
448
401
459
342
495
560
600
652
429
502
41 3
48 7

4, 47 1
3 ,9 3 5
3, 405
3, 877
4, 772
4, 344
4, 960
3, 777
5,3 1 8
6, 019
6, 375
6, 938
4, 6 0o
5, 393
4, 35 1
5, 234

4, 328
5, 866
3, 337
3, 754
4, 640
4, 171
4, 90 1
3, 616
5, 279
5, 999
6 ,3 5 8
6 ,8 6 2
4, 484
5, 360
4, 259
5, 214

E n gin eerin g
E ngineerin g
Engin eerin g
E n gin eerin g
E n gin eerin g

technicians
technicians
technicians
technicians
technician s

$5,366
6, 305
7, 235
8, 318
9, 341

$5,400
6, 252
7, 188
8, 256
9, 216

5.2
5.1
3.6
5.2
4 .5

D raftsm en

;
j

734
762
219
720

4,
5,
7,
8,

619
699
172
522

4, 171
5, 005
6, 445
7 ,7 9 9

5,
6,
7,
9,

214
382
919
507

7.3
3.8
3.5
5.6

3,7 5 4
5, 058
3, 076
3, 389
4 ,061
3, 702
4, 379
3, 285
4, 693
5, 279
5, 475
5, 997
3, 963
4, 739 |
3, 6 64
4, 619 |

5, 039
6, 730
3, 6 37
4, 199
5, 370
4, 818
5, 510
4, 108
5, 939
6, 716
7, 195
7, 821
5, 151
6 ,0 2 7
4 ,9 5 3
5 ,8 4 0

4„4
4„4
6 .8
7.4
5 .4
7.7
5 .7
7.2

Cle r ic a l
C l e r k s , a c c o u n t i n g T ...
C le r k s , a ccoun ting T
T
C l e r k s , f i l e T ...... _ ... ._ .. ..
.
_ ....
C le r k s , file T
T
C l e r k s , file T T
T
K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s I ________________
K e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s II
_ _
_____ _______
O ffice boys or g irls
S e c r e t a r i e s I__ ____
_ _
____
S e c r e t a r i e s II _ _
__ _ _
S e c r e t a r i e s III _ ___
__ _ _ __
S e c r e t a r i e s IV _
__ __
_
Stenographers, general
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n i o r __ _
____
S w itchboard o p e r a to r s I
_____ _
S w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s I I __
Tabulating-m achine
o p e r a t o r s I _ __ _______
______
Tabula tin g -m a c h in e
operators T
T
Tabulating-m achine
o p e r a t o r s III
_ __ .
__
____
_ _______
T y p i s t s I ___ _ _____
T y p i s t s II _ _
_ _ _ _
___

70, 910
51, 632
30,929
27,420
8, 093
54, 997
34,985
26,701
71, 505
69,791
4 0,270
13, 025
71,057
54,407
13, 478
9,4 8 6

|

j
1
!
'

373

7, 741
14,518
7, 384
83, 144
44,425

!

(7)
(7 )
(7)
(? )
5.5
6 .8
4.5
7.3

!
1
|
i
j

360

318

4 14

4, 481

4, 321

3, 817

4, 968

6.7

458

450

40 0

510

5, 4 94

5, 399

4, 799

6, 119

6.1

558
329
390

550
322
380

491
289
340

6 20
356
4 26

6, 69 0
3, 944
4, 684

6, 599
3, 858
4, 559

5, 892
3, 467
4, 079

7, 438
4, 275
5 ,110

6 .8
7.2
7.0

i___________
1 F o r s c o p e o f s t u d y , s e e t a b l e in a p p e n d i x A.
2 F o r d r a f t i n g and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , the p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e l a t e t o the p e r i o d F e b r u a r y 1966 to J une 1967.
F o r other
o c c u p a t i o n s , the p e r i o d is M a r c h 1966 to June 1967.
T he l i m i t a t i o n s o f p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s a s a m e a s u r e
o f c h a n g e in s a l a r y s c a l e s a r e d i s c u s s e d on p. 6.
3 O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e l a t e to the t o t al in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h i n s c o p e o f the s u r v e y and n o t to the
n u m b er a ctually s u r ve y e d .
F o r f u r t h e r e x p l a n a t i o n , s e e a p p e n d i x A , p. 39.
4 S a l a r i e s r e p o r t e d r e l a t e to the s t a n d a r d s a l a r i e s that w e r e pa i d f o r s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s ; i . e . , the s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r y c o r r e s p o n d i n g to the e m p l o y e e ' s n o r m a l w o r k s c h e d u l e e x c l u d i n g o v e r t i m e h o u r s .
N onproduction bonuses are excluded,
bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d .
5 T h e m i d d l e r a n g e ( i n t e r q u a r t i l e ) u s e d h e r e is the c e n t r a l p a r t o f the a r r a y e x c l u d i n g the u p p e r and l o w e r f o u r t h s o f
the e m p l o y e e d i s t r i b u t i o n .
6 I n su fficie n t data w e r e obtain ed fo r le v e l I to w a r ra n t p r e s e n t a t io n of a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s .
7 N o t r e p o r t e d in 196 6.




19
Table 2.

Average Salaries:

Metropolitan Areas

(E m p lo y m e n t and a v e ra g e s a la r ie s fo r s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a t iv e , te c h n ic a l,
in p r iv a te in d u str y , m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , 1 June 1967)
M on th ly s a l a r i e s 3
O c cu p ation and c la s s
(See d efin itio n s in ap pend ix C)

N u m b er
of
e m p lo y e e s 2

and c le r i c a l oc cu p a tio n s

A nn ual s a la r ie s 3

M id d le rang e 4
M ean

M e d ia n

F ir s t
q u artile

M id d le r a n g e 4
M e d ia n

T h ir d
q u a rtile

F ir s t
q u a r tile

T h ird
q u a rtile

A cc o u n ta n ts and a u d itors
I------------- ------- ----------- _
II_____ ___ _____ ________
III--------------------------------------IV __________________________
V _ __ ___
_ — _

4 , 278
8 , 232
1 9 ,9 5 6
1 3 ,6 0 4
5 , 705

$ 58 4
653
743
89 0
1 ,0 6 8

$ 580
648
738
875
1, 050

$ 541
59 0
675
808
955

$ 625
709
797
957
1, 175

$ 7, 007
7, 83 9
8 ,9 1 6
1 0 ,6 8 5
1 2 ,8 1 7

$ 6 ,9 6 0
7 , 776
8 , 85 6
1 0 ,5 0 0
1 2 ,6 0 0

$ 6 ,4 9 2
7 , 080
8 , 100
9 ,6 9 6
1 1 ,4 6 0

$ 7 , 50 0
8 , 508
9 ,5 6 4
1 1 ,4 8 4
1 4 ,1 0 0

I ________________________ ___ ___
I I _ __ _______ ______________ _
_
_
III
____ _
_ ___ ______
I V _______ _
------------- _

711
1 ,7 2 9
3 , 561
2 ,4 7 9

601
701
789
971

59 0
695
775
955

525
625
69 9
866

66 7
773
875
1 ,0 5 0

7 , 20 7
8 ,4 0 7
9 ,4 7 3
1 1 ,6 5 4

7 , 08 0
8 , 340
9 , 300
1 1 ,4 6 0

6 , 30 0
7 , 50 0
8 , 388
1 0 ,3 9 2

8 , 00 4
9 , 276
1 0 ,5 0 0
1 2 ,6 0 0

565
1, 082
741
312

978
1 ,0 9 0
1, 329
1 ,5 7 8

985
1, 071
1, 300
1 ,5 9 9

86 0
949
1 ,2 3 0
1 ,4 2 0

1 ,0 7 9
1, 194
1 ,4 5 0
1 ,6 6 6

1 1 ,7 3 8
1 3 ,0 7 9
1 5 ,9 5 1
1 8 ,9 3 1

1 1 ,8 2 0
1 2 ,8 5 2
1 5 ,6 0 0
1 9 ,1 8 8

1 0 , 32 0
1 1 ,3 8 8
1 4 ,7 6 0
1 7 ,0 4 0

1 2 ,9 4 8
1 4 ,3 2 8
1 7 ,4 0 0
1 9 ,9 9 2

782
1, 026
1 ,6 1 3
1 ,4 0 1
541
339

802
99 4
1, 204
1 ,4 3 1
1, 786
2 , 305

80 0
957
1, 182
1 ,3 9 9
1 ,7 4 9
2 , 29 0

738
877
1 ,0 6 1
1 ,2 5 0
1 ,5 4 1
1 ,9 5 7

825
1, 100
1 ,3 3 2
1 ,5 7 5
2 , 000
2 , 623

9 ,6 1 9
1 1 ,9 2 7
1 4 ,4 4 7
1 7 ,1 7 4
2 1 ,4 3 5
2 7 ,6 5 9

9 ,6 0 0
1 1 ,4 8 4
1 4 ,1 8 4
1 6 ,7 8 8
2 0 , 988
2 7 ,4 8 0

8 , 856
1 0 ,5 2 4
1 2 ,7 3 2
1 5 ,0 0 0
1 8 ,4 9 2
2 3 ,4 8 4

9 , 90 0
1 3 ,2 0 0
1 5 ,9 8 4
1 8 ,9 0 0
2 4 ,0 0 0
3 1 ,4 7 6

I ________
I I _______
I I I___ _
I V ______

262
543
342
57

714
861
I , 082
1 ,2 8 5

708
858
1 ,0 3 8
1 ,2 4 5

63 9
781
938
1, 135

764
93 0
1 ,2 4 9
1 ,4 1 6

8 , 571
1 0 ,3 3 4
1 2 ,9 8 6
1 5 ,4 2 2

8 ,4 9 6
1 0 ,2 9 6
1 2 ,4 5 6
1 4 ,9 4 0

7 , 668
9 , 372
1 1 ,2 5 6
1 3 ,6 2 0

9 , 168
1 1 ,1 6 0
1 4 ,9 8 8
1 6 ,9 9 2

I __________________________________
II _ _ _ — — —
_ ______
II I ________________________________
I V ------------------------------------------------

2 , 030
6 , 722
9 ,9 8 2
3 , 933

59 0
69 2
82 0
988

583
67 7
815
975

525
610
733
895

64 7
756
895
1, 070

7, 082
8 , 310
9 , 845
1 1 ,8 5 5

6 , 996
8 , 124
9 , 780
1 1 ,7 0 0

6 , 30 0
7 , 32 0
8 , 796
1 0 ,7 4 0

7 , 764
9 , 072
1 0 ,7 4 0
1 2 ,8 4 0

I ____ — _ _
________
_ ______________
I I ____ _
II I _________________________
IV
_________ —
___

131
329
64 2
481

63 7
681
805
996

650
665
795
995

57 9
61 0
725
89 9

711
745
882
1 ,0 8 3

7, 64 4
8 , 172
9 ,6 5 9
1 1 ,9 5 4

7 ,8 0 0
7 , 98 0
9 , 54 0
1 1 ,9 4 0

6,
7,
8,
10,

948
320
700
788

8 , 532
8 , 940
1 0 ,5 8 4
1 2 ,9 9 6

I _____ _____
I I ____________
II I— — _
_
I V — _______

710
1, 342
867
327

885
1, 049
1 ,2 8 2
1 ,6 0 3

875
1, 035
1, 249
1 ,5 4 1

760
925
1, 100
1 ,3 2 5

97 0
1, 151
1 ,4 9 9
1 ,7 5 3

1 0 , 62 3
1 2 ,5 8 4
1 5 ,3 8 4
1 9 ,2 3 7

1 0 ,5 0 0
1 2 ,4 2 0
1 4 ,9 8 8
1 8 ,4 9 2

9 , 120
1 1 ,1 0 0
1 3 , 20 0
1 5 ,9 0 0

1 1 ,6 4 0
1 3 ,8 1 2
1 7 ,9 8 8
2 1 ,0 3 6

I—
____________ _
I I ___
_
_ — _____________
III
_ _
_ _ ____
„ —
IV — —
_ — _
_ _____
V _
_ - __________ — _
_ V I _____
— _________ —
V I I ------- — - ----------------- _
V III -------------------- - ----------

1, 775
3 ,4 2 0
7, 335
8 , 195
6 , 867
3 ,6 1 6
1 ,4 5 1
411

638
708
815
1, 010
1 ,2 0 8
1, 386
1 ,6 9 4
2 , 082

633
700
80 0
995
1 ,2 0 0
1, 37 0
1 ,6 4 2
2 ,0 2 5

589
65 0
738
895
1 ,0 8 2
1 ,2 4 9
1 ,5 2 8
1 ,8 0 0

69 0
755
87 4
1, 125
1, 325
1 ,5 0 7
1 ,8 5 7
2 , 300

7 , 65 2
8 ,4 9 6
9 , 782
12, 123
1 4 ,5 0 0
1 6 ,6 3 6
2 0 , 331
2 4 ,9 8 5

7 , 596
8 , 40 0
9 ,6 0 0
1 1 ,9 4 0
1 4 ,4 0 0
1 6 ,4 4 0
1 9 ,7 0 4
2 4 ,3 0 0

7 , 068
7 ,8 0 0
8 , 856
1 0 ,7 4 0
1 2 ,9 8 4
1 4 ,9 8 8
1 8 ,3 3 6
2 1 ,6 0 0

8 , 28 0
9 , 060
1 0 ,4 8 8
1 3 ,5 0 0
1 5 ,9 0 0
1 8 ,0 8 4
2 2 ,2 8 4
2 7 , 60 0

I_
_ _ ___________ — _
I I _____________________________
I I I ___ _ _
_ ___ _ — __
IV — _
_
- ______ _____
V —_________________ — _____
V I ____________________________
V II _ -- -------- ----- -------V III- „ —
----------

9 ,5 1 8
2 5 ,8 9 2
6 9 ,7 2 6
9 6 ,2 0 2
5 9 ,8 3 0
3 2 ,5 3 6
1 0 ,8 0 2
2 , 672

699
757
865
1, 041
1 ,2 1 8
1, 390
1 ,6 2 0
1 ,8 6 3

700
75 0
85 8
1 ,0 3 0
1 ,2 0 6
1, 395
1 ,6 2 4
1 ,8 3 3

66 0
708
796
934
1, 083
1, 239
1 ,4 5 5
1 ,6 5 0

738
799
925
1, 130
1 ,3 3 0
1 ,5 4 2
1, 759
2 , 042

8 , 392
9 , 089
10, 378
1 2 ,4 9 2
1 4 ,6 1 5
1 6 ,6 7 5
1 9 ,4 4 2
2 2 ,3 5 4

8 ,4 0 0
9 , 000
1 0 ,2 9 6
1 2 ,3 6 0
1 4 ,4 7 2
1 6 ,7 4 0
1 9 ,4 8 8
2 1 ,9 9 6

7 ,9 2 0
8 ,4 9 6
9 ,5 5 2
1 1 ,2 0 8
1 2 ,9 9 6
1 4 ,8 6 8
1 7 ,4 6 0
1 9 ,8 0 0

8 ,8 5 6
9 , 588
1 1 ,1 0 0
1 3 , 56 0
1 5 ,9 6 0
1 8 ,5 0 4
2 1 ,1 0 8
2 4 ,5 0 4

A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A u d ito r s
A u d ito r s
A u d ito r s
A u d ito r s
C h ie f
C h ie f
C h ie f
C h ie f

accou ntan ts
accou ntan ts
accou ntan ts
accou ntan ts

I ____________________
II _________________
II I __________________
I V __________________

A tto r n e y s 5
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s

II______________________________
III_____________________________
IV — _____ _ ______________
V ____ __________________ _
___ ______
V I— ____
V II— ____ _________________
O ffic e s e r v ic e s

M an agers,
M an agers,
M an agers,
M an agers,

o ffic e
o ffic e
o ffic e
o ffic e

s e r v ic e s
s e r v ic e s
s e r v ic e s
s e r v ic e s

B uyers
B uyers
B u yers
B u yers
B uyers

P erso n n el m anagem ent
Job
Job
Job
Job

a n a ly sts
a n a ly sts
a n a ly sts
a n a ly sts

D ir e c t o r s
D ir e c t o r s
D ir e c t o r s
D ir e c t o r s

of
of
of
of

p erson n el
p erson nel
p erson nel
p erson n el

C h e m is t s and e n g in e e r s
C h e m is ts
C h e m is ts
C h e m is ts
C h e m is ts
C h e m is t s
C h e m is ts
C h e m is ts
C h e m is ts
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s

See footnotes at end of table,




20
Table 2.

Average Salaries:

Metropolitan Areas-----Continued

(E m p lo y m e n t and a v e ra g e s a la r ie s fo r s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, and c le r ic a l occu p ation s
in p r iv a te in d u str y , m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s , 1 June 1967)
M on th ly s a l a r i e s 3
O ccu p ation and c la s s
(See d efin itio n s in ap pendix C)

N u m b er
of
e m p lo y e e s 1
2

A nnual s a la r ie s 3

M id d le rang e 45
M e an

M e d ian

F ir s t
q u a rtile

T h ir d
q u a r tile

M id d le rang e 4
M ean

M e d ian

F ir s t
q u a rtile

T h ir d
q u a r tile

E n g in e e r in g te c h n icia n s
I ___________
I I __________
I I I ____ _
_
IV __________
V ___ ___ ___

5 , 069
1 2 ,8 6 7
2 1 ,6 4 5
2 5 ,6 8 6
1 3 ,4 3 8

$ 44 9
528
605
696
780

$ 451
52 4
59 9
69 0
768

$ 399
48 0
550
64 0
716

$ 49 3
57 0
651
743
835

$ 5 ,3 9 0
6 , 339
7 , 255
8 , 347
9 , 355

D r a f t s m e n -t r a c e r s ________________ __
D r a ft s m e n I _ ____ ___ ____________ _
D r a ft s m e n I I ____________________________
D r a ft s m e n I I I -----------------------------------------

5 , 736
1 7 ,6 0 8
2 6 ,7 7 8
2 2 ,0 3 0

399
48 7
608
734

389
47 8
602
718

348
425
543
653

43 8
540
669
799

4 , 790
5 ,8 4 1
7, 293
8 , 80 4

4,
5,
7,
8,

6 2 , 758
4 5 ,2 3 1
2 7 ,7 4 5
2 5 ,0 6 2
7 , 61 4
4 8 ,4 2 4
3 1 ,3 4 0
2 5 ,1 6 4
6 6 ,3 4 6
6 4 ,1 2 0
3 6 ,9 3 6
1 1 ,9 4 1
6 4 ,4 3 1
4 8 ,6 3 5
1 2 ,5 6 3
8 , 757

377
49 9
285
325
398
368
41 8
316
446
505
536
585
387
45 3
364
43 9

367
495
278
315
390
355
411
303
441
501
535
582
375
45 0
358
435

317
426
256
282
338
315
369
275
391
443
463
508
335
40 0
31 0
391

425
565
304
355
44 8
40 8
461
343
495
561
60 0
66 0
435
507
413
48 9

E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g

te c h n icia n s
te c h n icia n s
te c h n icia n s
te c h n icia n s
tec h n icia n s

$ 5 ,4 1 2
6 , 288
7 , 188
8 , 280
9 , 216

$ 4 ,7 8 8
5 , 760
6 ,6 0 0
7 , 68 0
8 , 59 2

$ 5 ,9 1 6
6 ,8 4 0
7 , 812
8 , 916
1 0 ,0 2 0

66 7
735
228
61 7

4 , 171
5 ,0 9 9
6 ,5 1 8
7 , 842

5 , 255
6 ,4 7 8
8 , 02 4
9 ,5 9 4

4 , 525
5 , 987
3 ,4 1 8
3 , 898
4 , 773
4 , 41 8
5 , 01 4
3 , 787
5 , 352
6 , 056
6 , 43 0
7 , 023
4 , 643
5 ,4 3 0
4 , 37 0
5 , 268

4 ,4 0 6
5 ,9 3 9
3 , 337
3 , 779
4 , 679
4 , 255
4 , 932
3 , 639
5 , 298
6 , 012
6 ,4 1 8
6 , 982
4 ,4 9 9
5 , 399
4 , 295
5 , 21 4

3 ,8 0 6
5 , 110
3 , 076
3 , 389
4 , 055
3 , 779
4 ,4 3 2
3 ,2 9 9
4 , 693
5 , 318
5 ,5 5 5
6 , 100
4 , 015
4 , 797
3 , 719
4 , 693

5 ,0 9 9
6 , 778
3 ,6 5 0
4 , 255
5 , 370
4 , 901
5 ,5 3 1
4 , 119
5 , 94 4
6 , 738
7 , 198
7 ,9 1 9
5 , 21 4
6 , 09 0
4 , 953
5 , 867

D r a ft s m e n

C le r ic a l
C le r k s , accou ntin g I __________________
C le r k s , accou ntin g I I __ _
______
C le r k s , file I __
___ _ _
_
___
C le r k s , file I I __________________________
C le r k s , file III __ ______ _ _____ __
K eyp un ch o p e r a to r s I _____ _ — _
K eyp un ch o p e r a to r s I I _____________
O ffic e b oys or g i r l s ___________________
S e c r e t a r ie s I ____________________________
S e c r e t a r ie s I I ________________ _ __ __
------S e c r e t a r ie s II I---------- -------- _
S e c r e t a r ie s I V __________________ — —
S te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l______________
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r ________________
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r s I _____________
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r s I I ____________
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s I ____ _____________ ___
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s II _ _________________________
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s I I I ---------- _ ------------- ----T y p is t s I _________________________________
T y p is t s II

7 , 038

376

360

319

41 9

4 ,5 0 6

4 , 321

3 , 832

5 , 032

1 2 ,9 9 7

45 9

45 0

400

51 4

5 , 50 9

5 ,3 9 9

4 , 797

6 , 173

6 ,6 5 7
7 4 ,2 1 8
4 1 ,2 2 0

560
331
392

552
325
382

491
291
340

621
360
430

6 , 716
3 , 975
4 , 701

6 , 622
3 ,8 9 9
4 , 583

5 ,8 9 7
3 ,4 9 3
4 , 079

7 ,4 5 6
4 , 319
5 , 159

1 F o r scop e of stu d y, s e e table in appendix A .
2 O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e la te to the total in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts w ithin sc o p e of the s u r v e y and not to the
n u m b er a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d .
F o r fu r th e r e x p la n a tio n , s e e appendix A , p. 39.
3 S a la r ie s r e p o r te d r e la te to the stand ard s a la r ie s that w e r e paid fo r stan d ard w o r k sc h e d u le s ; i . e . , the s t r a ig h t -t im e
s a la r y c o r r e sp o n d in g to the e m p lo y e e 's n o r m a l w o r k sch e d u le ex clu d in g o v e r t im e h o u r s . N on p ro d u ction b o n u se s are ex c lu d e d ,
but c o s t - o f -l i v i n g b o n u se s and in cen tive ea rn in g s are in clu d ed .
4 The m id d le rang e (in te r q u a r tile ) u se d h e r e is the c e n tr a l p a r t of the a r r a y ex clu d in g the upper and lo w e r fou rth s of
the e m p lo y e e d istr ib u tio n .
5 In su ffic ie n t data w e r e obtained fo r le v e l I to w a r r a n t p r e se n ta tio n of a v e ra g e s a l a r i e s .




21
Table 3.

Average Salaries:

Establishments Employing 2,500 or More

(E m p lo y m e n t and a v e r a g e s a la r ie s fo r s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , t e c h n ic a l, and c le r i c a l o c cu p ation s
in p r iv a te in d u s t r y 1 in e s t a b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 2 , 500 w o r k e r s or m o r e , 2 U n ited S ta tes ex ce p t
A la s k a and H a w a ii, June 1 9 6 7 , p e r c e n t in c r e a s e in m e a n s a la r ie s sin c e F e b r u a r y —M a r c h 1 9 6 6 , 3
and c o m p a r is o n w ith le v e ls in a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts c om b in ed )
P ercen t

M on th ly s a l a r i e s 5
Num ber
of
e m p lo y e e s 4

O c c u p ation and c la s s
(S ee d efin itio n s in ap pend ix C)

M id d le range 6
M ean

M e d ia n

F ir s t
q u a rtile

T h ird
q u a rtile

in
s a la r ie s 3

L e v e ls in la r g e e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e x p r e s s e d as p e r c e n t of th o se
in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts c om b in e d
E m p lo y m e n t

M ean
s a la r ie s

A cc o u n ta n ts and a u d itors
1 ,9 8 6
3 ,9 6 7
8, 162
5, 26 4
2, 515

$ 599
679
766
906
1, 07 5

$599
66 5
760
89 6
1 ,0 5 6

$556
621
700
825
95 8

$632
730
823
975
1, 184

6 .2
5 .3
5.7
5 .6
5 .8

43
44
36
34
39

103
104
104
102
101

756
1 ,4 5 2
1, 146

71 3
819
97 7

702
800
971

63 8
716
87 4

78 4
915
1, 072

7 .7
6.1
6 .2

41
38
44

102
104
101

. .

195
123

1 ,4 5 7
1, 628

1 ,4 3 3
1, 582

1 ,3 0 1
1 ,3 5 3

1, 617
1 ,8 3 2

7 .3
1 0 .0

23
36

110
103

I I _____________________________
III ---------- ---------------TV
V
VT
_ ...
V I I ___________________________

177
377
415
377
233
180

89 0
1 ,0 7 0
1, 301
1 ,4 7 2
1, 843
2, 21 4

867
1, 06 0
1 ,2 8 2
1 ,4 5 7
1 ,8 2 4
2 , 200

787
94 9
1, 133
1 ,2 9 1
1 ,6 4 5
1 ,9 1 5

973
1, 166
1 ,4 4 5
1, 624
2 , 082
2 , 500

8 .7
7 .9
5 .5
2 .9
3 .2
5 .6

22
35
25
26
42
51

111
108
108
103
103
97

138

1, 019

998

90 0

1, 108

4 .0

39

94

560
2 , 827
5, 083
2 , 64 4

64 0
71 8
837
985

62 5
70 8
83 5
97 3

568
639
749
895

699
778
920
1, 068

4 .1
3 .2
4 .5
4 .2

24
34
43
61

109
105
102
100

Job a n a lv sts TT _.
Job a n a ly sts III
______________
Job a n a ly s ts I V _________________________

171
522
425

700
816
99 2

69 5
81 5
990

62 5
73 0
899

773
896
1, 084

.7
2 .0
6 .0

50
75
79

103
102
99

D ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l TTT . . . . . .
D ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l TV ... ...

151
111

1 ,5 3 7
1, 683

1, 575
1 ,6 4 0

1, 37 4
1 ,4 4 5

1, 666
1, 882

6 .1
3 .8

14
30

120
105

A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts
A cc o u n ta n ts

I _ __________________
II __ __________
I I I _________________
IV __________________________
V _ ________________________
_

A u d ito r s II_____________________________
A u d ito r s III
_ __ ____ __________
A u d ito r s IV
_______________ ____
C h ie f a r c onntant.fi T T
T
C h ie f a ccou n tan ts IV

...

A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tto r n e y s
A tt o r n e y s

O ffic e s e r v ic e s
M a n a g e r s , o f f ic e s e r v i c e s II I______
B u yers
B u yers
B uyers
B uyers
R u y e rs

I__
TI_ _
III
_________________________
TV .. ..... _
_ .................. .

P erso n n e l m anagem ent

....

C h e m is t s and e n g in e e r s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s
C h e m is t s

III
___________ _______
IV ________________________
V
_______________ __
VT
V II
______________________
V III
______________

T ...

509
1, 505
2 ,9 2 3
3 , 586
3, 02 4
1, 542
699
231

677
742
86 0
1, 036
1, 243
1 ,4 1 0
1, 69 4
2, 07 4

676
740
84 0
1 ,0 2 0
1 ,2 3 5
1, 39 6
1, 648
2, 02 5

63 8
682
76 5
900
1, 114
1 ,2 6 6
1 ,4 9 9
1 ,7 8 3

72 5
801
94 0
1, 155
1 ,3 5 7
1, 529
1, 830
2 , 300

8 .1
5.1
7 .0
4 .6
5 .2
4 .9
6 .8
7 .1

24
39
34
37
38
37
40
52

107
105
106
103
104
102
101
101

E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s
E n g in e e r s

I
__ _
_ __
I I _ ______________ _______
III
___________________
IV
_______________________
V __ __ _
V I _______________________
V II ______ ______________
V II I_
--------------------------

5 ,9 1 1
1 7 ,8 5 2
4 5 , 249
6 7 ,7 1 7
4 0 , 34 5
2 2 , 20 4
6 , 67 4
1, 737

714
759
877
1 ,0 5 2
1 ,2 2 4
1 ,4 0 4
1, 67 5
1, 892

713
75 0
873
1 ,0 4 5
1 ,2 2 5
1 ,4 2 0
1, 670
1 ,8 5 0

677
708
810
94 9
1, 100
1, 250
1, 510
1 ,6 6 8

7 50
799
93 8
1, 140
1, 338
1, 555
1 ,8 1 1
2, 083

8 .0
6 .3
5 .2
4 .9
4 .7
4 .6
5 .3
3 .0

56
63
58
64
61
62
56
59

102
100
102
102
101
101
104
102

3 , 140
7 , 500
1 4 ,0 7 3
1 7 ,8 3 0
1 1 ,0 0 1

459
531
61 4
698
77 6

45 8
526
61 2
695
769

411
48 8
564
64 4
72 0

499
568
661
747
829

7 .0
4 .9
3 .5
5.1
4 .9

56
49
55
63
74

103
101
102
101
100

TT

_
...

______

_

_______ _____ _____

E n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g
E n g in e e r in g

te c h n ic ia n s
te c h n ic ia n s
te c h n ic ia n s
te c h n ic ia n s
t e c h n ic ia n s

T
T ................
T
III
IV
V
____

See footnotes at end of table,




22
Table 3.

Average Salaries:

Establishments Employing 2,500 or M ore-----Continued

(E m p lo y m e n t and a v e r a g e s a la r ie s fo r se le c te d p r o fe s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, and c le r i c a l occu p ation s
in p riv a te in d u s t r y 1 in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 2 ,5 0 0 w o r k e r s or m o r e , 1 U n ited States ex ce p t
2
A la s k a and H aw aii, June 19 67 , p erc en t in c r e a s e in m e a n s a la r ie s sin ce F e b r u a r y —M a r c h 1 9 6 6 , 34
and c o m p a r is o n with le v e ls in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts com b in ed)

N u m b er
of
e m p lo y e e s 4

O c cu p ation and c la s s
(S ee d efin ition s in ap pend ix C)

M on th ly s a l a r i e s 5
M id d le range 67
M e an

M e d ian

3, 039
7 ,9 1 9
1 2 ,3 6 6
1 1 ,6 9 5

$416
517
630
76 4

1 4 ,7 2 5
11, 590
5 , 83 4
7, 110
2, 727
1 5 ,8 3 0
1 1 ,7 4 7
7 , 563
1 9 ,3 1 2
2 8 , 178
1 0 ,7 3 1
3 , 062
2 5 , 153
2 2 , 89 5
3 , 00 4
3, 542

414
548
3 09
360
431
402
44 5
342
471
535
592
64 2
414
477
390
46 7

2, 863

401

5, 897

47 0

3, 06 4
2 0 ,2 4 7
1 6 ,6 5 9

585
361
41 7

578
348
40 7

P e r c e n t L e v e ls in la r g e e s t a b lis h m e n ts
in c r e a s e e x p r e s s e d as p e r c e n t of th ose
in
in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n ts co m b in e d
m ean
M ean
s a la r ie s 3
E m p lo y m e n t
s a la r ie s

F ir s t
q u a rtile

T h ir d
q u a r tile

$408
512
630
74 5

$ 356
456
569
67 8

$ 471
568
691
850

6 .1
3 .6
4 .7
6 .6

46
38
40
48

105
108
105
105

409
549
300
3 54
431
391
44 2
32 2
47 3
541
585
630
40 8
48 0
390
46 8

348
46 8
27 4
307
37 0
337
391
291
425
47 8
526
574
361
425
330
420

479
621
337
41 0
48 0
461
499
37 8
520
584
647
70 5
465
529
445
520

6 .4
5 .0
2 .3
3 .4
.7
6 .3
5 .2
6 .9

21
22
19
26
34
29
34
28
27
40
27
24
35
42
22
37

111
111
109
111
108
111
108
109
106
107
111
111
108
106
107
107

391

333

46 7

6 .4

37

108

46 7

41 1

530

5.9

41

103

521
310
360

643
40 0
474

6 .6
5.9
6 .9

41
24
37

105
110
107

D r a ft s m e n
D r a ft s m e n -t .r a c e r s
D r a ft s m e n T
D r a ft s m e n TT
D r a ft s m e n TTT

.....

. ------ ----------...

..
..

..

..

...
..

...........

........... ....

C le r ic a l
C le r k s , accou ntin g T .
...
...
.
C le r k s , accou ntin g TT ....... .. ..... ...
C l e r k s , file T
....
C le r k s , file T T .......................
C le r k s , file TTT
.
K eypim ch o p e r a to r s T
_ .......
_
K evp un ch o p e r a to r s TT __ _
_ _
O ffic e b o v s or g ir ls ... ___
_ .... .
S e c r e t a r ie s T ...................................... . _
S e c r e t a r ie s II
S e c r e t a r ie s TTT
._
.
..
S e c r e t a r ie s T V . .
_ ................... .
S te n o g r a p h e r s , ge n e r a l
......................
S te n o g r a p h e r s , se n io r
S w itc h b oard o p e r a to r s I _____________
S w itch b oard o p e r a to r s TT . . _
. . .
T abulating - m ach in e
o p e r a to r s T
.................
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s T T ...................... ... .
... ______
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s TTT ____ _________
_____ .... ...
T y p is t s I
T y p is t s II

(7 )
(7 )
(7 )
(7 )

5 .3
6 .2
2 .9
6 .6

1 F o r sc o p e of stud y, s e e ta b le in ap pendix A .
2 In clu d es data f o r a few e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith le s s than 2, 500 e m p lo y e e s of 5 of the la r g e s t c o m p a n ie s stud ied that
p ro v id e d com p an yw id e data u n id en tified by s iz e of e s ta b lis h m e n t.
T h is a p p lie s on ly to data fo r oc cu p a tio n s oth er than d raftin g
and c le r ic a l.
3 F o r d r a f t i n g a n d c l e r i c a l o c cu p ation s the p e r c e n t change r e la te s to the p e r io d F e b r u a r y 19 66 to June 1 9 6 7 .
For
other occu p a tio n s the p e r io d is M a r c h 1966 to June 1 9 6 7 .
The lim ita tio n s of p e r c e n t in c r e a s e in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s a s a m e a s u r e
of change in s a la r y s c a le s a r e d is c u s s e d on p. 6.
4 O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e la te to the to ta l in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ithin sc o p e of the study and not to the
n u m b e r a c tu a lly su rv e y e d .
F o r fu r th e r e x p lan ation , se e p. 39.
5 S a la r ie s re p o r te d r e la te to the stan d ard s a la r ie s that w e r e p aid fo r stan d ard w o r k s c h e d u le s ; i . e . , the s t r a ig h t -t im e
s a la r y c o r r e sp o n d in g to the e m p lo y e e 's n o r m a l w o r k sch edu le exclu d ing o v e r t im e h o u r s .
N on p ro d u ction b o n u se s a r e ex clu d ed ,
but c o s t - o f -l i v i n g and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s are in clu d ed .
6 The m id d le rang e (in te r q u a r tile ) u sed h e r e is the c e n tr a l p a r t of the a r r a y ex clu d in g the upper and lo w e r fo u rth s of
the e m p lo y e e d istr ib u tio n .
7 Not r e p o r te d in 19 66 .




23
Table

4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s, b y a v e ra g e
m o n th ly s a la r i e s , U nited S tates e x ce p t A la s k a and H a w a ii, 1 June 1967)
A u d ito r s

A ccou n tan ts

C h ie f accou ntan ts

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s
I

Under $ 4 5 0 _________________________
$4 50 and under $ 4 7 5 _________________
$4 75 and under $ 5 0 0 __________________

1.6
2 .9
3 .7

II

III

(0 .7 )
2 .0

IV

V

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

II

3 .2
5 .3
3 .6

III

IV

I

-

-

-

-

-

-

10 .7
8 .4
1 3 .4
7 .8

(0.9 )
2 .8
5 .7
6 .3

_
(1 .1 )
1.9
1.8

_
-

7 .4
9 .6
11 .7
8 .7

2 .4
4 .3
10 .2
3 .3

II

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

$5 00
$5 25
$5 50
$5 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$5 25 ..
$ 5 5 0 __________________
$ 5 7 5 __________________
$ 6 0 0 __________________

8 .7
1 2 .0
15 .5
15 .5

2 .8
5 .1
6 .6
9 .9

(1 .6 )
1.4
2 .5

$ 6 00
$625
$6 50
$675

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
u nd er

$ 6 2 5 __________________
$ 6 5 0 __________________
$ 6 7 5 _______________ _
$ 7 0 0 __________________

1 3 .4
1 2 .3
6 .4
2 .2

11.6
12 .9
12 .8
8 .1

4 .1
6 .6
8 .7
7 .9

(1 .4 )
2 .5

-

7 .7
8 .5
8 .0
7 .4

(0 .9 )

-

$ 7 00
$725
$ 7 50
$775

and
and
and
and

under
u nd er
u nder
u nder

$ 7 2 5 __________________
$ 7 50
$ 7 7 5 __________________
$ 8 0 0 __________________

1.6
1 .3
1.0
1.1

6 .8
6 .0
4 .8
3.1

12 .3
9 .0
12 .0
9 .4

3.1
2 .6
6 .0
5 .6

(0 .6 )
1.6
.7
.7

4 .1
4 .4
1.8
2 .5

11 .5
5 .4
6 .1
8 .1

1 0 .0
5 .9
9 .0
7 .8

2 .1
2 .0
2 .8
2 .9

1.0
4 .9
7 .4
.4

-

$ 8 00
$825
$ 8 50
$875

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$ 8 2 5 __________________
$ 8 5 0 __________________
$ 8 7 5 __________________
$900.

(.7)
-

2 .6
1.8
(2 .2 )
-

8 .8
8 .7
9 .8
8 .9

1.9
2 .7
1.9
1.8

1.0
.3
2.1

-

6 .1
5 .5
3 .4
2 .8

5 .3
4 .0
1.6
1.1

6 .9
5 .5
5 .0
5 .7

3 .7
6 .2
6 .8
6 .0

2 .0
.4
6 .7
3 .8

_

_

-

-

6 .6
4 .3
6 .3
6 .4

_
-

1.0
1.2
(1 .4 )
-

3 .9
1.8
3 .2
2 .2

9 .3
5 .0
5 .9
6 .0

8 .0
1.5
9 .4
4 .9

_
-

_
-

_
-

5 .3
1.3
(1 .7 )

-

13.6
/1 0 .6
HO. 2
8 .4
6 .9

15 .6
13 .4
5 .3
3 .5
3 .9

$ 9 00
$9 25
$9 50
$9 75
$1,
$1,
$1,
$1,
$1,

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 9 2 5 __________________
$ 9 5 0 __________________
$ 9 7 5 __________________
$ 1 , 0 0 0 _______________

1 0 .2
4 .7
5 .9
3.1

_
-

1.1
(-4)

“

-

7 .9
4 .7
2 .9
1.8
(1 .4 )

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

$1,
$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,

0 5 0 ____________
100____________
150____________
2 0 0 ____________
25 0 ___________

$1, 250
$1, 300
$1, 350
$ 1 ,4 0 0
$1, 4 5 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
u nder

$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,
$1 ,

3 0 0 ___________
3 5 0 ____________
4 0 0 ____________
4 5 0 ____________
5 0 0 ____________

$1, 50 0
$1, 55 0
$1 , 60 0
$ 1 ,6 5 0
$ 1 , 70 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
u nder
u nder

$1 , 5 5 0 ____________
$1 , 6 0 0 ____________
$1 , 6 5 0 ____________
$ 1 , 7 0 0 ____________
$1 , 7 5 0 _______ ___

$ 1 ,7 5 0
$ 1 ,8 0 0
$1 , 85 0
$1 , 90 0
$1, 950

and
and
and
and
and

u nder
under
u nder
under
under

$ 1 ,8 0 0 ___________
$ 1 , 8 5 0 ____________
__
$ 1 ,9 0 0 _
$ 1 , 9 5 0 ____________
$ 2 , 0 0 0 ____________

_

_

-

-

$ 2 ,0 0 0 and under $ 2 , 0 5 0 ____________
$2 , 050 and under $ 2 , 100_ _________
$2 , 100 and ove r ______________________

_

_

-

-

-

-

1 0 0 .0

N u m b er of e m p lo y e e s _______________

4 ,6 5 7

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a l a r i e s -------

-----

See footnote at end of table,




$5 82

-

1.5
-

-

-

-

15. Q
..
"6 :7
5 .6
4 .1
3 .2

6 .1
4 .2
1.6
1.2
(1 .9 )

_
-

_
-

_
-

3 .3
1.4
(1.4 )
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

"

T o ta l_____________________________

-

_

-

u nder
under
u nder
under
under

_
-

_

"

and
and
and
and
and

*

_
-

2 .2
1.4
1.0
.5

000
050
100
150
200

_

_

-

$6 52

$7 40

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

(1 .3 )
3.1
8 .8
.3

_
-

_
-

"

"

6 .8
2 .9
7 .1
3 .0

_
(1 .3 )

_
(1 .2 )

1 0 .4
11 .8
12 .7
8 .7
5 .7

5 .8
6 .4
4 .3
5 .8
4 .1

1.2
.9
.6

5 .5
4 .0
2 .4
1.5
.5

2 2 .8
6 .4
7 .9
9 .2
7 .7

10.1
5 .3
.6
5 .0
2 .4

.9
1.4

4 .6
4 .2
3 .7
1.4
1.5

1 2 .4
3 .6
2 6 .6
13.6
.3

_

_

_

-

-

-

6 , 445

729

1, 832

3, 8 0 4

2, 615

$8 88 $ 1 ,0 6 6

$599

$696

$7 87

$969

8 , 969 2 2 , 933 1 5 ,2 9 2

"
_

(1 .2 )
-

1 0 0 .0

-

_
-

-

"

1 0 0 .0

"
_
-

-

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

_
-

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

3.5
.3
2 .0
(.7)

"
_
-

IV

III

-

1.1
(1 .8 )
-

4 .1
4 .1
1.2
.9
.9

_

_

-

-

.9
1.2
3 .0

-

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

716

1, 359

839

338

$981 $ 1 ,0 8 6 $1, 324 $1 , 575

24
Table 4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations-----Continued

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in se le c te d p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in istr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s, by a v e ra g e
m on th ly s a la r i e s , U n ited S tates e x ce p t A la s k a and H a w a ii,1 June 1967)
A tto r n e y s 2
A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s
II
$
$
$
$

60 0
625
650
675

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$

6 2 5 __________________
650_
_ _
_ ________
6 7 5 _______ _ _____
70 0 __________________

3 .5
1.5
2 .4
2 .3

$
$
$
$

700
725
750
775

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$

725__
__________
75 0 __________________
77 5 __________________
8 0 0 _____ _ __ ___

$
$
$
$

80 0
825
850
875

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$

90 0
925
95 0
975

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$
$

1 ,0 0 0
1 ,0 5 0
1, 100
1, 150
1 ,2 0 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

HI

IV

V

VI

V II

_
_

(1.5 )

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

4 .7
1 5 .4
4 .3
1 3 .8

1.8
.1
2 .7
3 .3

_
0 .5

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

8 2 5 ______ _________
850__ ______________
8 7 5 __________________
9 0 0 __________________

2 0 .6
11 .5
2 .5
3 .3

5 .0
5 .4
4 .8
5 .5

2 .3
2 .8
.2
3 .2

_
-

_
_

-

-

9 2 5 __________________
9 5 0 ____________ _ _
9 7 5 --------------------------1 , 0 0 0 _______________

3 .5
1.3
1.9
1 .0

7 .8
7 .7
9 .7
3 .4

2 .2
2 .2
.5
3 .3

_
_

.

1 , 0 5 0 ____________
1, 100____________
1, 15 0________ __
1 , 200__ ________
1 , 2 5 0 ____________

2 .9
1.5
(2.0 )
-

8 .6
8 .2
8 .8
4 .5
3 .0

6 .6
5 .5
7.1
1 4 .9
1 2 .0

.9
.7
2 .8
7 .8
8 .0

0 .5

_

*

4 .0
.9
.6
.6
1.1

8 .2
5 .8
6 .5
2 .8
2 .6

1 0 .2
11 .3
5 .4
8 .0
8 .0

3.1
1.1
.9
4 .5
5 .4

_
_
_
1 .4

_
-

(.8)
-

-

-

3 .4
2.1
.8
2 .6
(2.0 )

7.1
3 .3
3 .9
5 .6
3 .0

1 0 .8
3 .6
4 .7
10 .5
4 .9

3 .4
5 .4
.6
1.1
2 .3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8
1.8
2 .0
.9
.6

7 .8
8 .8
2 .0
2 .9
2 .2

7 .3
1.1
1.1
3 .7
3 .4

_

_

_

-

-

-

2 .8
(1.1 )

3 .8
5 .4
4 .3
2 .9
2 .5

3.1
3.1
3 .4
5 .6
3 .9
3 .4
3 .4
1 .7
2 .5
4 .2
5 .1
4 .5
4 .8
2 .8
1.1

$
$
$
$
$

$
$
$
$
$

1 ,2 5 0
1, 30 0
1, 350
1 ,4 0 0
1 ,4 5 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
unde r

$
$
$
$
$

1, 300_ ______ _
1, 35 0 ____________
1 ,4 0 0 ____________
1 , 4 5 0 ____________
1 ,5 00_ _ __ _
_

$
$
$
$
$

1 ,5 0 0
1 ,5 5 0
1 ,6 0 0
1 ,6 5 0
1, 700

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
unde r
under
u nder

$
$
$
$
$

1, 5 5 0 .......................
1 ,6 0 0 ____________
1 ,6 5 0____________
1 ,7 0 0 __________
1, 75 0 ____ ___ ___

$
$
$
$
$

1 ,7 5 0
1 ,8 0 0
1 ,8 5 0
1, 90 0
1 ,9 5 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1 ,8 0 0 ____________
1 , 8 5 0 ____________
1 , 9 0 0 ____________
1, 9 5 0 ___________
2 , 0 0 0 ____________

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

000
050
100
150
20 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2 , 05 0 ________ —
2 , 1 0 0 ____________
2 , 150----------2 , 2 0 0 ____________
2 , 2 5 0 ____ _____

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

25 0
30 0
35 0
400
450

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

3 0 0 ____________
350_
_ ___ ___
4 0 0 _________ _
450_
_ ___
5 0 0 ____________

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

50 0
55 0
60 0
65 0
700

and
and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
u nder
under

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

550_
-------6 0 0 ____________
6 5 0 ____________
7 0 0 ____________
75 0 ________ __

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
2,

750
80 0
85 0
90 0
95 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

2,
2,
2,
2,
3,

800_
_____
850_ _ ---------9 0 0 ____________
9 5 0 ____________
0 0 0 ____________

-

-

"

(0 .9 )
1 .0

_
-

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_

*

-

-

-

2 .2
.7
1.1
1.1
(2 .3 )

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

-

-

_

2 .0
2 .3
.8
3 .7
2 .5

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

_____

790

1, 083

1 ,6 8 6

1 ,4 4 5

55 4

355

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a l a r i e s ___________

$ 802

$ 987

$ 1 ,2 0 2

$ 1 ,4 3 4

$ 1 ,7 8 5

$ 2 ,2 7 4

$ 3 , 00 0 and o v e r ________________________
T o ta l

..............................................

N u m b er of e m p l o y e e s „

_____

See footnotes at end of table.




1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

_

1 0 0 .0

5 .4
1 0 0 .0

25
Table 4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations-----Continued

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s, by a v e ra g e
m o n th ly s a la r i e s , U nited States e x ce p t A la sk a and H a w a ii, 1 June 1967)
Buye r s

M a n a g e r s , o ffic e s e r v ic e s
A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a la r ie s
I

II

IV

III

I

III

II

IV

U nder $ 4 0 0 _______________________________

-

-

-

-

3 .0

-

-

-

$400
$ 4 25
$450
$4 75

and
and
and
and

u nd er
under
under
u nder

$ 4 2 5 ___________________
$ 4 5 0 ___________________
$ 4 7 5 ___________________
$ 5 0 0 ___________________

-

_
-

-

-

2 .2
2 .7
3 .3
4 .7

(0 .8 )
1.2

“

“

$ 5 00
$5 25
$550
$5 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under

$ 5 2 5 ___________________
$ 5 5 0 ___________________
$ 5 7 5 ___________________
$ 6 0 0 ___________________

1.0
4 .1
5 .8

_
1.9

-

-

8 .9
8 .9
1 2 .2
12.7

2 .5
2 .8
6 .8
6 .4

(1 .2 )
1.2

-

$600
$6 25
$6 5 0
$6 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
u nder

$ 6 2 5 ___________________
$ 6 5 0 ___________________
$ 6 7 5 ___________________
$ 7 0 0 ___________________

4 .1
15 .6
12.5
3 .4

.7
1.3
2 .8
1.8

_
(0 .8 )

-

9 .7
8 .2
6 .5
6 .5

8 .8
8 .5
1 2 .2
8 .6

1.3
2 .3
4 .6
4 .1

(0 .9 )

$ 7 00
$7 25
$ 7 50
$7 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under

$ 7 2 5 ___________________
$ 7 5 0 ___________________
$ 7 7 5 ___________________
$ 8 0 0 ___________________

6 .8
16 .3
4 .4
5 .1

3 .9
2 .4
7 .9
3 .7

1 .4
.8
2 .5
1.7

-

2 .6
1.5
1.6
1.7

7 .9
7 .3
7 .8
4 .2

7 .4
8.1
8 .0
6 .7

1.3
1.2
2 .0
3.1

$ 8 00
$8 25
$ 8 50
$8 75

and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
under

$ 8 2 5 ___________________
$ 8 5 0 ___________________
$ 8 7 5 ___________________
$ 9 0 0 ___________________

3 .7
3 .4
6 .8
3 .4

6 .8
6 .7
14 .2
8 .9

.8
1.7
4 .0
2 .8

_
-

.6
1.6
(1 .0 )
“

5.1
2 .2
1 .4
1 .2

9 .3
8 .4
6 .2
6 .6

2 .4
4 .4
6 .3
4 .3

$900
$9 25
$950
$9 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under

$ 9 2 5 ___________________
$ 9 5 0 ___________________
$ 9 7 5 ___________________
$ 1 , 0 0 0 ________________

1.7
-

1 1 .3
1.8
7 .4
2 .5

5 .7
3 .4
3 .7
5 .4

_

_

3 .4

-

1.6
(2 .7 )
-

-

"

7.1
3 .5
3.1
2 .5

9 .2
8 .4
7.1
6 .4

1 7 .0
9 .9
4 .2
2 .5
6 .2

15 .5
3 .4
5 .2
19 .0
6 .9

-

-

3 .6
2 .5
5 .5
1.6
(.9)

-

-

4 .3
1.9
(2 .2 )
"

13 .6
9 .1
7 .3
5.1
2 .8

$ 1 , 3 0 0 _____________
$1 , 3 5 0 _____________
$ 1 , 4 0 0 _____________
$ 1 , 4 5 0 _____________
$ 1 , 5 0 0 --------------------

-

-

10 .3
10 .3
5 .2

"

6 .8
1.1
3.1
8 .2
5 .9

“

"

"

“

2 .4
1.2
(1 .5 )
■

5 5 0 _____________
6 0 0 _____________
6 5 0 _____________
7 0 0 _____________
7 5 0 _____________

_
-

-

-

3 .4
1.7
3 .4
6 .9
5 .2

-

-

-

-

$ 1 , 000
$ 1 , 05 0
$ 1 , 100
$1 , 150
$ 1 ,2 0 0
$ 1 ,2 5 0
$1 , 300
$ 1 , 350
$ 1 ,4 0 0
$1, 450
$1,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,

50 0
55 0
60 0
650
70 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
u nder
under
under
u nd er
under
u nd er
under
under
under
u nder

$ 1 , 0 5 0 _____________
$ 1 , 100_____________
$ 1 , 150_____________
$ 1 , 2 0 0 _____________
$ 1 , 2 5 0 _____________

$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$1,
$1,

-

_
2 .0
-

-

"

"

“

“

---------------------

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 ,0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N u m b er of e m p lo y e e s _________________

295

675

353

58

2, 320

8, 308

11, 899

4 , 312

A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a l a r i e s ___________

$ 7 13

$866

$1, 084

$1 , 28 4

$586

$684

$8 18

$984

T o ta l _

--------------

See footnote at end of ta b le .




26
Table 4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations-----Continued

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e o c c u p a tio n s, by a v e r a g e
m o n th ly s a la r i e s , United S tates e x ce p t A la s k a and H a w a ii, 1 June 1967)
Job a n a ly sts

D ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s
I

Under $ 4 0 0 ____________________________

II

III

IV

I

II

in

IV

_

1.4

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

“

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
3.1

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

_
-

_
_
-

_
_

-

-

-

(0 .7 )
1.5
1.9
3 .0

_
-

_
_
-

-

-

$4 00
$4 25
$4 50
$4 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 5 ___________________
$ 4 5 0 ___________________
$ 4 7 5 ___________________
$ 5 0 0 ___________________

1.4
3 .5
1.4

_
0 .9
2 .1

$5 00
$5 25
$5 5 0
$5 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under

$ 5 2 5 ___________________
$ 5 5 0 ___________________
$ 5 7 5 ___________________
$ 6 0 0 ___________________

4 .2
2 .8
6 .3
9 .9

2 .9
5 .9
2 .7
5 .3

(1 .9 )
1.3

$ 6 00
$ 6 25
$6 50
$6 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 6 2 5 ___________________
$ 6 5 0 ___________________
$ 6 7 5 ___________________
$ 7 0 0 ___________________

10 .6
1 2 .0
1 3 .4
6 .3

8 .6
11 .8
1 2 .4
4 .7

1.4
2 .3
6 .9
4 .5

(1 .5 )

2 .6
.2
.9
-

$7 00
$7 25
$ 7 50
$7 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 7 2 5 ___________________
$750 .
$ 7 7 5 ___________________
$800

8 .5
6 .3
4 .9
4 .2

4 .7
14 .2
5 .3
7.1

5 .3
10 .2
8 .9
9 .3

1.1
1.9
1.5
.6

8 .3
5 .6
6 .3
1 .4

$8 0 0
$8 25
$8 5 0
$8 7 5

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 8 2 5 ___________________
$ 8 5 0 ___________________
$ 8 7 5 ___________________
$ 9 0 0 ___________________

2.1
.7
-

3 .8
1.2
2 .4
1.5

6 .8
7 .6
8 .0
5 .7

3 .7
3 .9
5 .2
4 .5

11 .2
1 1 .3
7 .0
3 .4

3 .9
4 .1
3 .0
3 .5

_

_

(1 .7 )
2 .0
.8

-

$9 0 0
$9 25
$9 5 0
$9 75

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$9 25
$ 9 5 0 ___________________
$ 9 7 5 ___________________
$ 1 , 0 0 0 ________________

_
-

4 .7
3 .9
4 .0
1.6

6 .7
4 .8
5 .9
1 0 .4

8 .8
5 .0
6 .3
.4

7 .7
3 .9
5 .0
4 .7

1.4
.8
1.6
3 .2

_

3 .8
7 .0
1.0
3 .2
1 .3

14 .8
7 .3
1 1 .2
8 .1
2 .0

1 1 .2
1.9
8 .1
8 .7
6 .1

0 .5
4 .3
1.3
1.6

.8
.1
1.0
-

6 .5
2 .0
2 .2
.6
.5

8 .8
7 .0
4 .1
7.1
2 .5

11 .6
12 .9
2 .2
4 .0
3 .0

1.1
(.8)

8.1
4 .4
2 .7
2.1
.3

10.8
10 .2
4 .6
5 .1
1.1

-

_
-

-

.3
1.5
.9
-

$ 1 , 00 0
$ 1 , 05 0
$1 , 100
$1, 150
$ 1 ,2 0 0

and
and
and
and
and

u nder
under
u nder
u nder
u nder

$1 , 0 5 0 _____________
$ 1 , 100_____________
$1 , 150_____________
$1 , 2 0 0 _____________
$ 1 , 2 5 0 _____________

_

_

-

-

4 .2
(1 .4 )
-

-

"

-

12 .8
14 .8
6 .3
5 .9
4 .1

$1 ,
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,

250
300
350
40 0
45 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
u nder

$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,

.
-

_
-

_
-

1.5
1.9
(1 .2 )
-

-

-

-

$1, 50 0
$1 , 550
$1 , 60 0
$ 1 ,6 5 0
$1 . 700

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
u nder
under
u nder

$1 , 5 5 0 _____________
$1, 6 0 0 _____________
$1, 6 5 0 _____________
$ 1 , 7 0 0 ____________
$1. 750.

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

$1, 75 0
$1 , 800
$1 , 85 0
$1 , 90 0
$ 1 ,9 5 0

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
under
under
u nder
u nder

$1 , 8 0 0 _____________
$ 1 , 8 5 0 ________ ___
$1 , 9 0 0 _____________
$ 1 , 9 5 0 ____________
$ 2 , 0 0 0 _____________

_
-

_
-

-

$ 2 ,0 0 0
$ 2 , 05 0
$ 2 , 100
$2 , 150
$ 2 , 200

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
u nder
under

$ 2 , 0 5 0 _____________
$ 2 , 100_____________
$ 2 , 150_____________
$ 2 , 2 0 0 _____________
$ 2 , 25 0
__________

_
-

-

-

$2, 250 and under $ 2 , 30 0 _____________
$2 , 300 and under $2 , 35 0 _____________
$ 2 , 350 and o v e r ________________________

_

_

-

-

-

3 0 0 _____________
35 0 _____________
4 0 0 _____________
4 5 0 _____________
5 0 0 _____________

_
-

_
-

-

-

"

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

-

-

~

“

"

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

"

_

_
-

-

-

_
-

_

.9
1.9
.6
1.4
(.5 )

3 .2
5 .7
1.1
1.3
1.3

-

_
-

3 .2
1.1
1.1
-

-

-

-

.8

_

_

_

-

-

-

.5
2 .7
4 .6

T o ta l______________________________

1 0 0.0

1 0 0 .0

10 0.0

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N u m b er of e m p lo y e e s _________________

142

339

696

5 39

1, 078

1 ,6 5 3

1, 080

371

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a l a r i e s ___________

$635

$6 80

$801

$997

$867

$1 , 033

$ 1 ,2 7 7

$ 1 , 599

See footnote at end of table




1 0 0 .0

27
Table 4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations-----Continued

(Percent distribution of employees in selected professional and administrative occupations, by average
monthly salaries, United States except Alaska and Hawaii, 1 June 1967)
C h e m is t s
A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a la r ie s

U n d er $ 4 5 0 _____
$ 4 50 and under $475.
$4 75 and under $500.

1.5
2 .7
2 .4
4 .4
4 .5

( 1.6)

1 2 .6

4 .0

$625.
$650.
$675.
$700.

18 .0
12 .7

7 .3

1.0

8.1

12.1

13.5

7 .5

1 2 .2

1.7
5 .3
4 .0

under
under
under
under

$ 7 25 .
$ 7 50 .
$7 75 .
$8 00 .

8.0

15 .0
9 .1
8 .3
5 .5

6 .3
10.9
10 .5

( 1 . 1)
1.1

10.0

2.1

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$825_.
$850_.
$875_.
$900_.

5 .0

10 .3
9 .9
5 .9
4 .5

3 .5

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 9 2 5 _____
$ 9 5 0 _____
$ 9 7 5 _____
$ 1 , 0 0 0 __

$ 5 00
$ 5 25
$550
$ 5 75

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
u nder

$525.
$5 50 .
$575.
$600.

$600
$6 25
$ 6 50
$6 75

and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
u nder

$700
$7 25
$ 7 50
$7 75

and
and
and
and

$800
$8 25
$ 8 50
$8 75
$ 9 00
$925
$ 9 50
$975
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,

00 0
05 0
100
150
200

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,

4 .7
4 .2

2.1

1 .4
(.6 )

1 .0

2.6
2 .5
2 .4

( 2 .0)

(0.7 )

5 .0
3 .0

1.7

4 .3

6.1
8.1

( 2 . 1)
1.3

2.1

10.8

8.8

8 .7
8 .4
7 .0
5 .6

9 .5

2.8

11 .0
1 0. 2
11.6

4 .3

9 .9
8 .5
5 .5
5 .8
2 .9

13.6

8.0

4 .0
5 .2

9 .1
4 .4
3 .2
4 .0
1 .4

1 1 .4
9 .3
1 0 .0
5 .1
6 .7

3 .6
2.2

1.1

2 .5
1.5
1.7
(.9)

0 5 0 ____
100____
150____
200
250

2 .6
3 .0

2.2

1.6

5 .3
7 .6
4 .6

7 .8
4 .8
2 .4
3 .6

4 .9
4 .3
4 .5
3 .6

3 .5
1.9

(0 .9 )
1.4

8.2

( 2 . 0)

1 .4
2 .4

$1 , 250
$1, 300
$1 , 350
$ 1 ,4 0 0
$1 , 45 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$ 1 , 300.
$ 1 , 350.
$ 1 , 40 0.
$ 1 ,4 5 0 .
$ 1 , 500.

$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,

50 0
55 0
60 0
65 0
70 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nd er
u nder
under

$1,
$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,

$1 , 75 0
$1 , 800
$1 , 85 0
$ 1 ,9 0 0
$1, 95 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
under

$1, 80 0.
$ 1 , 85 0.
$ 1 ,9 0 0 .
$ 1 ,9 5 0 .
$ 2 , 00 0.

$2,
$2 ,
$2,
$2,
$2,

00 0
05 0
100
150
20 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
under
under

$2 ,
$2,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,

05 0.
100.
150.
20 0.
25 0.

3 .6
.7
2 .5
1.7
1.0

6 .7
4 .3
3 .4
5 .2
3.1

$2,
$2,
$2,
$2,
$2 ,

250
300
350
40 0
45 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
under
under

$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2,
$2,

30 0.
350.
40 0.
45 0.
50 0.

(2 .3 )

3.6

$2,
$2,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,

50 0
55 0
60 0
65 0
700

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
under

$2 ,
$2,
$2 ,
$2,
$2 ,

55 0.
60 0.
65 0.
700.
750.

1.1

( . 6)

5 5 0 ____________
6 0 0 ____________
6 5 0 -----------------7 0 0 ____________
7 5 0 ____________

1.2
( 1. 8)

11.0
9 .2
8 .5

1.3
(1 .9 )

N u m b er of e m p lo y e e s -------A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s

See footnote at end of table,




3.1

1.8
3 .8

2.0
3 .6
.7

1.8
2.2
5 .4

$ 2 , 75 0 and ov e r
T o ta l______

(0.7 )

100.0

1 00 .0

100.0

1 0 0. 0

100.0

100.0

1 0 0 .0

100.0

2 , 09 7
$633

3, 90 8
$7 07

8 , 579
$8 10

9, 67 7
$1 , 00 4

7, 881
$ 1,200

4 , 128
$1 , 381

1, 727
$1 , 676

445
$ 2 ,0 5 6

28
Table 4.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Professional and Administrative Occupations— Continued

(Percent distribution of employees in selected professional and administrative occupations, by average
monthly salaries, United States except Alaska and Hawaii, 1 June 1967)
E n g in e e r s
A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

Under $ 4 5 0 _____
$ 4 50 and under $475.
$475 and under $500.
$5 00
$525
$ 5 50
$5 75

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$5 25 .
$5 50.
$5 75 .
$600.

(0 .4 )
1.3
2 .5

(0 .5 )

$ 6 00
$6 2 5
$6 50
$6 75

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$625.
$650.
$675.
$700.

4.1
6 .3
13.7
17 .7

6. 2
9 .9

( 1- 2)

$7 00
$7 25
$7 50
$775

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$7 25.
$750.
$775.
$800.

17 .5
14.1
10.6
4 .7

12.1
14 .0
17.7
12 .0

3.1
4 .6
7 .6

(1 .5 )

8 .0

1.2

$8 00
$8 25
$8 5 0
$875

and
and
and
and

u nder
under
under
under

$825.
$850.
$875.
$900.

2 .9
1.3

8 .5
4 .9
4 .6
2 .8

10.3
11.0
10.2
9 .1

3.1
3 .5
4 .7

( 1. 6 )

$9 0 0
$9 25
$9 50
$9 75

and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
under

$ 9 2 5 ___
$ 9 5 0 ___
$ 9 7 5 ___
$1 , 000.

1.6
( 2 . 1)

9 .3

7 .4

3 .2

6.0

6. 1

5 .7
3 .4

6 .7
5 .8

( 1. 2 )

1.0
2.0
1.7

5 .2
2 .2
(1 .5 )

1.8

2 .6

( 1.8)

2 .4

2 .2

12.6

14 .7

7 .6

1 0. 2

10.2
10 .8

$1,
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$1,

000
05 0
100
150
200

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,

0 5 0 __
100__.
150__.
200__.
250__.

$1 ,
$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,

25 0
300
350
40 0
45 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,

300.
350.
400.
450.
500.

$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,
$1,
$1 ,

50 0
55 0
60 0
65 0
70 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$1,
$1,
$1,
$1 ,
$1 ,

550.
60 0.
650.
70 0.
750.

$1, 750
$ 1 ,8 0 0
$1, 85 0
$1, 90 0
$1, 95 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
under

$1 ,
$1 ,
$1 ,
$1,
$2 ,

80 0.
85 0.
90 0.
950.
000.

$2 ,
$2 ,
$2,
$2,
$2,

000
050
100
150
20 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2,
$2,
$2 ,
$2,
$2,

050.
100.
150.
20 0.
250.

$2 ,
$2,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2,

25 0
300
350
40 0
45 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2,
$2,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,

300.
350.
40 0.
45 0.
500.

2.1
1.8

$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,
$2 ,

500
55 0
60 0
65 0
70 0

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$2 ,
$2,
$2,
$2,
$2 ,

550.
60 0.
65 0.
700.
750.

1.9

7 .4
4 .9

10 .5

4 .0
3.1
4 .0
5 .4
6 .3

4 .0
1.7

1 0 .3
8 .8

8 .2
8 .5

3 .3
5 .0

1.1
2.2
1.2

4 .4
3 .2

8 .9

8.1

6 .8
6.1

3 .4
2 .5

(1 .5 )

8.6

( 0 .6 )

1.0

1.4
2 .3

1)

9.8
7.1
7 .6
1 0 .4
6 .4

6.8

1.2

1.4
( 2.

8.0
6 .4
5 .3
3 .7
2 .7
1.9

2.2

2.0

5 .7
3.1

( 2 . 0)

2.8
2.0
2.1
1.3
(3 .3 )

( 1. 1)

4 .7
4 .7
5 .0

6.8

6 .6
7 .6
6 .5
6 .3
5 .9
4 .3
5 .8
4 .5
2 .9
3 .7
1.7

1.0
.7

.8
.2
.7

1.0
(1 .4 )

$ 2 , 750 and o v e r
T o ta l........ .
N u m b er of e m p l o y e e s ____
A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s

100.0
1 0 ,5 8 7
$699

100.0
2 8 ,2 7 3
$757

7 7 ,5 7 0
$861

1 0 5 ,7 0 5
$1 , 035

6 5 ,8 3 5

$ 1, 210

3 5 ,6 7 4
$ 1 , 384

11, 980
$ 1 ,6 1 1

2 , 95 5
$ 1 , 85 3

1 F o r sc o p e of stud y, s e e table in ap pend ix A .
To avoid show ing s m a ll p ro p o rtio n s of e m p lo y e e s s c a tte r e d at or n ear
the e x tr e m e s of the d istr ib u tio n fo r so m e o c cu p a tio n s, the p e r c e n ta g e s of e m p lo y e e s in th e se in te r v a ls have b ee n a c cu m u la te d
and a re shown in the in te r v a l above or b elo w the e x tr e m e in te rv a l containin g at le a s t 1 p e r c e n t. Th e p e r c e n ta g e s r e p r e s e n tin g
th e se e m p lo y e e s a r e show n in p a r e n th e s e s .
2 In su ffic ie n t data w e r e obtained fo r le v e l I to w a r r a n t p r e se n ta tio n of s a la r y d is tr ib u tio n s .

NOTE:




Because of rounding,

sums of individual items may not equal 100.

29
Table 5.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Engineering Technicians

(Percent distribution of engineering technicians, by average monthly salaries,
United States except Alaska and Hawaii, 1 June 1967)
E n g in e e r in g te c h n icia n s
A v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r ie s

U n der $ 3 0 0 ____________

_________

I

____

V

IV

III

II

1 .4
_

$300
$ 325
$350
$375

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 32 5 ____ ... ________
$ 3 5 0 _____ _____________
$ 3 7 5 ___________________
$ 4 0 0 ____________ ____

1.
4.
8.
10.

4
1
7
5

(0 .3 )
1. 1
2. 3

-

$400
$425
$450
$475

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 4 2 5 ____ __ ________
$ 4 5 0 ____________ ____
$ 4 7 5 ___________________
$ 5 0 0 ___________________

10.
12.
14.
13.

4
5
9
4

4. 0
5 .6
8 .9
10. 7

( 1 .3 )
2. 5
3 .9

-

$500
$525
$550
$57 5

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
u nd er

$ 525_ ________________
$ 5 5 0 . ________________
$ 575_ ______ ________
$ 6 0 0 ___________________

10.
5.
3.
2.

6
5
5
3

18. 0
1 5 .7
1 1 .8
8. 1

7. 1
10. 2
1 2 .4
12. 2

( 1 .4 )
1. 6
3. 3
5. 0

$600
$625
$650
$675

and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under

$ 625_ _____________ _
$650
___
$ 6 7 5 ________ ________
$ 7 0 0 __ ________________

( .7 )
-

4 .9
3. 2
1. 8
1 .6

12. 1
1 1 .6
8 .9
7. 1

8.
9.
13.
13.

5
2
2
2

1 .0
2. 2
4. 1
6. 2

$700
$725
$750
$775

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 7 25_ ________________
$ 7 50_ ________________
$ 7 7 5 ____________ ____
$ 8 0 0 ________ __ ____

_
-

(2 .1 )
-

-

-

3 .7
3 .4
2. 4
( 1 .3 )

12.
10.
6.
6.

4
3
8
8

1 1 .8
1 1 .7
13. 3
9 .2

$800
$825
$850
$875

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under

$ 8 2 5 ___________________
$ 8 5 0 ____________ ____
$ 8 7 5 ___________________
$ 9 0 0 ___________________

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

2. 9
1. 8
.6
. 6

9. 1
9 .2
6. 1
4 .9

$900
$925
$950
$975

and
and
and
and

under
under
under
u nder

$9-25___________________
$ 9 5 0 ___________________
$ 9 7 5 ___________________
$ 1 ,0 0 0 ________________

_
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

.
.
.
.

2. 3
2. 4
.9
2 .9

$ 1, 000 and o v e r _________________________

_

_

_

-

_

-

3
2
1
3

(1 .2 )
1. 1

1. 4

. 5

— -------

10 0 . 0

10 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

10 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

N u m b e r o f e m p lo y e e s __________________

5, 62 5

15, 188

25, 375

28, 272

14, 927

A v e r a g e m on th ly s a l a r i e s ____________

$447

$525

$603

$693

$778

T o ta l_____________________

1
F o r sc o p e o f stud y, see table in ap pend ix A .
To avoid show ing s m a ll p r o p o r tio n s o f e m p lo y e e s sc a tte r e d at or n ear
the e x tr e m e s o f the d istr ib u tio n s f o r so m e o c cu p a tio n s, the p e r c e n ta g e s of e m p lo y e e s in th e se in te r v a ls have b een a c c u m u ­
lated and a r e shown in the in te r v a l ab ove or b e lo w the e x tr e m e in te rv a l containing at le a s t 1 p e r c e n t.
The p e r c e n ta g e s r e p ­
r e se n tin g th e se e m p lo y e e s a r e shown in p a r e n th e s e s .

NOTE:

Because of rounding,




sums of individual items may not equal 100.

30
Table 6.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Drafting and Clerical Occupations

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d d raftin g and c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s , by a v e r a g e w eekly s a la r ie s ,
U nited S tates e x ce p t A la s k a and H aw aii, 1 June 1967)

A v e r a g e w eek ly s a la r ie s

D ra fts­
m entra ce rs

C le r k s ,
file

C le r k s ,
accou ntin g

D r a fts m e n
II

III

I

I

II

U nder $ 50__........
_

_
( 0 .8 )
1. 1

_
-

_
-

-

-

$50
$55
$60
$65
$70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
u nd er

$ 5 5 ________ _______ _____
$ 6 0 ______________________
$ 6 5 ______________________
$ 7 0 _____________ _____ _
$ 7 5 --------- --------------------

0.
1.
2.
8.

7
1
9
1

$75
$80
$85
$90
$ 95

and
and
and
and
and

u nd er
under
under
under
u nd er

$ 8 0 ______________________
$ 8 5 _____________________
$ 9 0 ______________________
$ 9 5 ______________________
$ 1 0 0 ____________________

10.
16.
13.
13.
7.

5
3
6
0
2

1.
4.
6.
8.
8.

8
4
1
1
6

_

_

( 1 .1 )
1 .6

-

6
9
4
3
3

11.
8.
9.
9.
8.

3
8
3
1
4

2. 5
3. 1
4. 0
6 .9
7 .9

_

6. 0
4. 7
3 .9
2. 5
1. 5

7 .7
10. 3
9 .2
8. 9
7 .0

1.
3.
4.
6.
6.

1. 5
1. 3
(.7 )

( 0 .2 )
2 .7
9 .0
8. 3
1 1 .6

$ 100
$ 105
$110
$ 11 5
$ 120

and
and
and
and
and

under
u nder
under
under
under

$ 1 0 5 ___________________
$ 110___________________
$ 1 1 5 ___________________
$ 12 0___________________
$ 12 5___________________

9.
3.
4.
3.
2.

$
$
$
$
$

125
130
135
140
145

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

1 .0
1. 1
( .8 )
-

$
$
$
$
$
$

150
160
170
180
190
20 0

and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 16 0___________________
$ 170___________________
$ 18 0___________________
$ 190___________________
$ 2 0 0 ___________________
$ 2 1 0 ___________________

$ 2 10
$ 22 0
$230
$ 24 0

and
and
and
and

under $ 2 2 0 ___________________
under $ 2 3 0 ___________________
under $ 2 4 0 ___________________
o v e r ..

13 0___________________
135___________________
140___________________
14 5___________________
15 0___________________

_

-

1 3 .4
8. 1
4. 4
2. 7
( 1 .1 )

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

.
-

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

10. 0
1 1 .5
1 0 .4
8. 8
6 .2

-

2.
4.
5.
6.
7.

5
6
5
2
4

8
8
4
5
0

8 .9
8. 4
7. 2
7. 8
7. 7

9
5
1
0
5

1 .7
(2 .0 )
-

7. 0
5 .9
5. 0
3. 5
3. 2

17.
17.
12.
10.
5.
6.

1
0
2
1
1
0

_

3.
1.
.
1.

9
4
7
3

(1 .6 )
1. 6

10 0. 0

5.
3.
3.
2.
2.

_
(1 .3 )
I. 2

-

III

0. 2
_

5 .9
23 . 0
26,. 2
19 . 9
11 . 5

1.
7.
16.
17.
16.

0
3
2
7
6

( 2 .6 )
3. 4
3. 3
10. 5

5 .6
3. 4
1.9
1. 0
(1 •4)

12.
10.
6.
4.
2.

5
2
2
3
3

8. 1
1 1 .2
1 1 .9
9. 5
8. 6

_
-

2. 7
1. 3
( 1 .8 )
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

8.
5.
3.
3.
4.

5
7
8
6
0

2. 5
1. 3
( 1 .2 )
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

4.
1.
1.
.
-

-

-

-

-

"

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10 0. 0

1
3
1
2

II

0,. 3

I

10 0. 0

100 . 0

10 0 . 0

10 0 . 0

T o ta l____________________________ j—

10 0. 0

N u m b e r of e m p lo y e e s __________________

6, 640

2 0 , 69 5

30, 641

24, 245

70 , 910

51, 63 2

30, 929

2 7 ,4 2 0

8, 09 3

A v e r a g e w eekly s a l a r i e s .. ___________ $ 9 1 . 0 0

$ 1 1 0 .5 0

$ 1 3 8 .5 0

$ 1 6 7 .5 0

$ 8 5 . 50

$ 1 1 4 .0 0

$ 6 5 . 50

$ 7 4 . 50

$ 9 1 . 50

See footnote at end of ta b le .




31
Table 6.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Drafting and Clerical O ccupations-----Continued

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n o f e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d d ra ftin g and c le r ic a l o c c u p a tio n s, by a v e r a g e w ee k ly s a la r ie s ,
U nited S ta tes ex ce p t A la s k a and H aw aii, 1 June 1967)

K eypunch
o p era to rs

A v e r a g e w ee k ly s a la r ie s
I

O ffic e
boys
or
g ir ls

II

S e c r e t a r ie s
I

II

III

IV

0. 4

U n d er $ 5 0 ....................................................... .
$50
$55
$60
$65
$70

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
u nder
under

$ 5 5 _________ _____ ______
$ 6 0 ___ ................................ .
$ 6 5 ........ ................................
$ 7 0 .................................. .
$ 7 5 ................................... .

(0 .2 )
2 .9
7. 0
10. 5
14. 0

(0 .
1.
2.
4.

$75
$80
$85
$90
$95

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
u nd er

$ 8 0 ................. ......................
$ 8 5 .......................... .............
$ 9 0 ............. ..........................
$ 9 5 _ ____ ______ _________
$ 1 0 0 .....................................

13. 1
12. 2
10. 3
8. 1
5 .9

8. 3
10. 9
12. 2
1 2 .9
11. 2

$
$
$
$
$

100
105
110
115
120

and
and
and
and
and

u nder
under
unde r
u nder
under

$
$
$
$
$

10 5...................................
11 0..................................
11 5........ ...........................
12 0..................................
12 5........................ ..........

4 .4
2. 4
3 .4
2. 3
i. 3

$
$
$
$
$

125
130
135
140
145

and
and
and
and
and

u nder
under
u nd er
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

13 0........ ........... .............
13 5...................... ............
140________ __________
14 5___________________
1 5 0 ,_................... ...........

(1 .9 )
_
-

$ 150
$ 160
$ 170
$ 180
$ 190
$200

and
and
and
and
and
and

under $ 1 6 0 ,................. ................
under $ 17 0___________________
under $ 18 0..................................
under $ .1 9 0 ___________________
under $ 2 0 0 . ____ _____ _____
o v e r ................................ .................

10.
7.
6.
5.
3.

1)
4
4
2

0
2
4
5
9

1. 5
( 1 .7 )
-

2.
12.
17.
18.
16.

0
0
7
9
1

(0 .6 )
1. 3
2. 8

( 1 .6 )

-

-

9. 7
7. 6
4 .9
2. 5
1. 9

4 .4
6. 8
8 .7
10. 5
10. 8

1 .2
2. 8
3. 8
5. 4
7. 1

(1 .9 )
2 .9
2 .9
4. 4
5. 1

(i.o )
1. 7
2. 0
2. 5
2. 6

3. 3
1. 0
( 2 .0 )
-

12. 2
10. 1
8. 3
7 .5
6 .0

9 .4
8 .6
8. 8
9. 3
9 .0

7 .4
6 .0
5. 8
9 .4
8. 1

6.
4.
4.
7.
7.

4. 1

9 .6

8 .9

8. 2

7.
4.
4.
2.

6
4
1
6

8. 2
6. 5
5 .7
4. 7

7.
7.
7.
6.

0
3
1
0

2. 6
1. 7
( .3 )

5. 7
3. 5
1 .6
(1 .0 )

9.
6.
4.
2.
1.
1.

9
7
2
8
0
1

_
_
-

3. 2
1 .2
( 1 .5 )

-

-

-

_

_

_

.

-

_
-

.
-

.
_
_
_
-

_
-

-

-

0
1
1
3
3

T o ta l...... ............................... ...................

1 0 0. 0

10 0. 0

100. 0

10 0. 0

10 0. 0

1 0 0. 0

10 0. 0

N u m b er of e m p lo y e e s ------ --------------------

54, 997

34, 98 5

26 , 701

71, 505

69 , 791

40 , 270

13, 025

A v e r a g e w ee k ly s a l a r i e s _________ ____

$ 8 3 . 50

$ 9 5 .0 0

$ 7 2 . 50

$ 1 0 2 .0 0

$ 11 5. 50

$ 1 2 2 .5 0

$ 13 3. 00

See footn ote at end of ta b le .




32
Table 6.

Employment Distribution by Salary:

Drafting and Clerical Occupations— Continued

(P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d d raftin g and c le r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s, b y a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r i e s ,
United S ta tes ex ce p t A la s k a and H a w a ii,1 June 1967)

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s

S te n o g ­
rap hers,
general

S te n o g ­
rap h ers,
se n io r

.

U n d er $ 50
$ 50 and under $ 55
$ 55 and u nder $ 60_____________________
$ 60 and under $ 6 5 -------------------------------$ 70 and u nder $ 7 5

_

I

T ab u latin g - m a c h in e
o p e r a to r s
I

II

_

II

_ _ ..
----- _.........
_

$ 100
$ 105

and

rn id p r

and

lin d p r

$ 105
$ 110

$ 115
$ 120

and

n n d p r
n n d p r

$120
$ 125

....... _

and

$ 125

and

n n d p r

$ 150

.... ...

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

(0 .8 )
3 .4

-

-

-

-

( 1 .4 )
2 .2

(1 .5 )
1 .4
2 .8

1 0 .8
1 3 .3

(0 .7 )
2 .8

1 1 .4
1 3 .4
1 2 .4
9 .9
7 .6

3 .3
6 .5
9 .0
1 0 .8
10.9

1 1 .3
1 0 .5
1 1 .0
8 .9
7 .0

3 .9
7 .8
9 .5
1 1 .5
1 1 .5

13 .3
1 2 .4
1 1 .3
8 .0
6 .3

3 .2
4 .9
8 .6
1 1 .0
9 .2

(1 .1 )
2 .6
3 .3

6 .3
5 .5
3 .8
4 .2
1.9

1 0 .6
9 .3
8 .6
8 .0
8 .9

5 .4
5 .4
4 .5
1.8

1 1 .8
9 .0
8 .9
6 .4
6 .6

5 .7
4 .7
3 .2
2 .7
2 .3

1 2 .0
9 .0
9 .6
7 .5
6 .5

5 .4
7 .0
8 .5
8 .9
7 .6

3 .9
2 .4
2 .7

3 .7
2 .4
( 1 .4 )

1.1

10 .9
6 .9
7 .8
9 .3
5 .5

-

(1 .1 )
_

-

1
.0

-

5 .2
2 .9
2 .0
1.9

-

(.3 )

-

-

-

1.1

_

_

_

_

_

( 1 .9 )

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

$ 145

and

n n d p r

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

n n d p r

$ 170

$ 170

and

n n d p r

$ 180

.......................

$ 190 and u nder $ 200
$ 200

and

n v p r

............ ..

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

„

$ 150

$ 180

I

III

(1 .1 )
4 .2
8 .0
8 .0
1 1 .6

(-9)
$ 13 5 and u nder $ 140__
$ 140 a n d n n d p r $ 145

T y p is t s

1.1

_____________

$75 a n d n n d p r $80
$ 80 a n d n n r i p r $ 8 5
$85 a n d n n d p .r $90
_
$ 9 0 and under $ 9 5 _
$ 9 5 a n d n n d p r $ 100 ....

_

(0 .2 )
1.3
3 .2
6 .4
1 0 .7

S w itch b oard
o p e r a to r s

-

(-7 )

-

7 .7
4 .6
1 .6
( 1 .2 )

II

_

1 .0
5 .4
1 3 .3

_

1 6 .3
1 8 .5

0 .2
1.9
4 .5
10 .1

1 3 .5
1 1 .7
7 .7
4 .6
2 .3

1 1 .8
1 3 .4
1 4 .2
1 3 .0
8 .3

1.9
1.3
1 .6
(1 .0 )

6 .0
3 .2
3 .5
3 .2
4 .1

.
-

.9
1.3
(.2 )

-

-

-

.

_
_
-

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

N u m b e r of e m p lo y e e s

7 1 ,0 5 7

5 4 ,4 0 7

1 3 ,4 7 8

9 ,4 8 6

7 , 741

1 4 ,5 1 8

7 , 38 4

8 3 ,1 4 4

4 4 ,4 2 5

A v p ra p p

$ 8 8 .5 0

$ 1 0 3 .5 0

$ 8 3 .5 0

$ 1 0 0 .5 0

$ 8 6 .0 0

$ 1 0 5 .5 0

$ 1 2 8 .5 0

$ 7 5 .5 0

$ 9 0 .0 0

T o ta L

w p p k lv

s a la rip s

1 F o r sc o p e of stu d y, s e e ta b le in ap pendix A . T o avoid show ing s m a l l p r o p o r tio n s of e m p lo y e e s s c a tte r e d at or n ea r
the e x tr e m e s of the d istr ib u tio n fo r so m e o c c u p a tio n s, the p e r c e n ta g e s of e m p lo y e e s in th e s e in te r v a ls have b ee n a c cu m u la te d
and a r e show n in the in te r v a l ab ove or b elow the e x tr e m e in te r v a l containin g at le a s t 1 p e r c e n t. Th e p e r c e n ta g e s
r e p r e s e n tin g
th e s e e m p lo y e e s a r e show n in p a r e n th e s e s .

NOTE:




Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal 100.

33
Table 7.

Occupational Employment Distribution:

By Industry Division

( P e r c e n t d istr ib u tio n of e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a t iv e , te c h n ica l, and c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s, 1
by in d u str y d iv is io n , 1 U nited S ta te s e x ce p t A la s k a and H aw aii, June 1967)
2

O ccu p ation

M anu­
fa c tu rin g

P ub lic
u tilit ie s 3

W h o le sa le
trade

R e ta il
trade

F in a n c e,
in su r a n c e ,
and
r e a l e sta te

S ele cted
s e r v ic e s 4

P r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in istr a tiv e
A c c o u n ta n ts................................. ......................
A u d ito r s ............... ............................... ............
C h ie f a c c o u n t a n ts ..........................................
A t t o r n e y s .................... ......................................
M a n a g e r s , o ffic e s e r v i c e s .....................
B u y e r s ________ ________ _____ ____ ________
Job a n a ly s t s _____________________________
D ir e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l________________
C h e m i s t s ......................... ............................. .
E n g in e e r s ........................................... ...............

69
44
58
27
63
86
77
74
88
79

12
17
7
17
7
6

78
80

5
8

41
23
43
36
51
53
34
42
42

16
5
13
13
9
13
14
20
6

(5 )
(5)
(5 )
10

6
7
9
6
5

(5)
6
8

8
25
15
46
21

(5 )
(5 )
6

(*)
(5 )
(*>
(5 )
6

(5 )
(5 )

(5 )
(5 )

(5 )
(5 )

(5 )
(5 )

(*)
(5 )

(5 )

13
6
11
9
7
6
6
8
5

12
12
7
6
4

(5 )
13
9

(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
5
(5 )
7
11

T e ch n ic a l
E n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s _______________
D r a ft s m e n ...... ................... ............. ..................

_

17
10

C le r ic a l
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ------------ -------- ---------C le r k s , f i le —................................................
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ....................................
O ffic e b o y s or g i r l s ...... ....................... —
S e c r e t a r ie s ........... .................... .......................
Stenog raphe r s______________ ____ ________
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s ................................
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ______
T y p is t s ................ .................................. ..............

(5 )
14
4
4

18
53
25
34
24
23
30
26
40

(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
4
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )
(5 )

1 E ac h o c cu p ation in clu d e s the w ork le v e ls , as defin ed fo r su rv e y , fo r w hich e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s in a ll in d u str ie s
within scop e o f the study a re show n in table 1.
2 F o r sc o p e o f study, see table in ap pend ix A .
3 T r a n sp o r ta tio n (lim it e d to r a ilr o a d , lo c a l and su bu rb an p a s s e n g e r , d eep se a w a te r , and a ir t r a n sp o r ta tio n in d u s tr ie s ),
c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r ic , g a s , and sa n ita r y s e r v i c e s .
4 E n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c ia l ly op era ted r e s e a r c h ,
d e v e lo p m e n t, and te stin g la b o r a ­
t o r ie s on ly.
5 L e s s than 4 p e r c e n t.




34

Table 8.

Relative Salary Levels:

Occupation by Industry Division

(R e la tiv e s a la r y le v e ls fo r s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a t iv e , t e c h n ic a l, and c le r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s 1
b y in d u str y d iv is io n .
U n ited S ta tes ex ce p t A la s k a and H a w a ii, June 1967)
(A v e r a g e s a la r y fo r ea ch occuipation in all in d u strie s® 100)
M anufa c tu rin g

P u b lic
u tilitie s 1
3
2

W h ole sa le
tra d e

100
103
102
108
100
100
101
99
100
100

103
101
104
100
107
102

101
105

98
99

(5)
103

__

99
100

106
101

C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g - ____ - —
____
— ______
C le r k s , f i l e K eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s
__ ___
_
O ffic e b oys or g ir ls
— — _______
S e c r e t a r ie s _ ___ __
— — — —
_
__ _ ___ —
S te n o g r a p h e r s . _
S w itch b oard o p e r a t o r s _ — — —
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _____
T y p is t s _____ _ _____ _________ — —

104
108
103
104
103
103
104
105
105

105
122
99
113
107
108
114
100
107

R e ta il
tra d e

F in a n c e ,
in s u r a n c e ,
and
r e a l e sta te

S e le c te d
s e r v ic e s 4

P r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in istr a tiv e
A c c o u n ta n ts______________________________
A u d it o r s —
_ __
C h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts ___ _
_ _
_ _
A tto rn ey s— —
_ _ _ ___
___
M a n a g e r s , o ffic e s e r v ic e s
_ _
_
_______
R u y e rs
— _
Job a n a ly s t s _
_
_ _
D ir e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l — —
...
C h e m is ts ______ ________ _____ ....
E n g in e e r s _____

96
92
94
95
96

100
109

(5)
101

(5)
( !)
( )
103

(5 )
(5)
103
102
101
no
102
99

(5)
113

(5 )
98

(5)
100

(5)
88
104

(5)
96

(5 )
(5)

(5)
(5)

(5 )
(5)

92 .
98

(5)
99

(5)
105

106
101

88
94
94
93
90
90
85
94
96

90
95
92
92
93
90
95
93
94

103
105
102
97
106
98
102
100
103

T e c h n ic a l
E n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s _
_
D r a f t s m e n . __
___ _

____

C le r ic a l
107
103
101
99
100
101
104
104
102

1 E a c h o c cu p ation in clu d es the w o rk l e v e l s , as d efin ed fo r s u r v e y , fo r w hich data are p r e s e n t e d in tab le 1. In com p u tin g
r e la tiv e s a la r y le v e ls fo r ea ch occu p ation by in d u str y d iv is io n , the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t in ea ch w o r k le v e l in a ll in d u s tr ie s s u r ­
v e y e d w a s u se d as a con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w eigh t
to e lim in a te the e ffe c t of d iffe r e n c e s in the p r o p o r tio n of e m p lo y m e n t in
v a r io u s w o r k le v e ls w ithin ea ch o ccu p ation .
2 F o r sc o p e of stu d y , s e e tab le in appendix A .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n (lim it e d to r a ilr o a d , lo c a l and su bu rb an p a s s e n g e r , d eep s e a w a t e r , and a ir tr a n sp o r ta tio n in d u s t r ie s ) ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c , g a s , and sa n ita r y s e r v i c e s .
4 E n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c ia lly o p era ted r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t, and te stin g la b o r a t o r ie s on ly .
5 In su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in 1 w o rk le v e l or m o r e to w a r r a n t se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n of d ata.




35

Table 9.

Average Weekly Hours:

Occupation by Industry Division

(A v e r a g e w eekly h o u r s 1 fo r e m p lo y e e s in s e le c te d p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is tr a tiv e , te c h n ica l, and c le r i c a l o c cu p a tio n s 2
by in d u stry d iv is io n , 3 U nited S tates ex ce p t A la s k a and H aw aii, June 1967)

O ccup ation

M anu­
fa c tu r in g

P u b lic
u tilit ie s 4

W h o le sa le
trade

R e ta il
tra de

F in a n c e ,
in su r a n c e ,
and
r e a l esta te

S ele cte d
s e r v ic e s 5

P r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is tr a tiv e
A c c o u n ta n ts______ _______________________
A u d it o r s __________________________________
C h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts _______________________
A tt o r n e y s --------------------------------------------------M a n a g e r s , o ffic e s e r v i c e s ___________
B u y e r s ____________________________________
Job a n a ly s t s _____________________________
D ir e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l________________
C h e m i s t s _____________ ____________________
E n g in e e r s _____________ _ _ _______________

(6 )
39 . 5

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

40. 0
39. 5
(6 )
(6 )
40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

40. 0
40. 0

39 . 0
39 . 5

40. 0
39. 5

(6 )
37. 5

(6 )
39 . 0

39. 5
39. 5

39 .
39 .
39.
39.
39 .
39 .
39 .
39 .
39.

39 .
39.
39 .
39 .
38.
39 .
39 .
38 .
39 .

39. 5
39. 0
39. 5
3 9 .0
38 . 5
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

39. 5
39. 0
3 9 .0
39. 0
39. 0
38. 5
39. 0
39. 0
39. 0

38 .
38 .
38.
37.
38.
38 .
38 .
37 .
37 .

39. 5
3 9 .0
39. 5
3 9 .0
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5
39. 5

39 .
39 .
39.
39.
39 .
40.
39 .
40.
39 .
40.

5
0
5
0
5
0
5
0
5
0

5
5
0
5
0
0

39. 5
4 0 .0

(6 )
39. 5

40. 0
39. 5
(6 )
(*)
(6 )
39. 0

(6 )
39 . 5

(6 )
39. 5

(6 )
40. 5

(6 )
37 . 5
38 . 5

39 .
39 .
40.
39 .
40.
40.

( 6)
38. 5

38 .
38 .
38 .
38 .
38 .

0
0
0
0
5

T e c h n ic a l
E n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n s _______________
D r a ft s m e n ________________________________
C le r ic a l
C le r k s , a c c o u n tin g _____________________
C le r k s , f i le ______________________________
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s ____ _______________
O ffic e b o y s o r g i r l s _____ ________ _____
S e c r e t a r i e s ______________________________
Stenog raphe r s____________________________
Sw itchboard o p e r a t o r s _________________
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ______
T y p is t s _______ ______________ _____ _______

5
0
5
0
0
5
5
5
5

0
0
5
0
5
5
5
5
0

0
0
0
5
0
0
0
5
5

1 B a se d on the sch ed u led w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r y .
Th e a v e ra g e fo r
each jo b c a te g o r y w as rounded to the n e a r e s t h a lf h our.
2 E ac h o c cu p ation in clu d es the w ork le v e ls , a s d efin ed fo r the su rv e y , fo r w hich data a r e p r e se n te d in table 1.
3 F o r sc o p e o f study, see table in ap pend ix A .
4 T r a n sp o r ta tio n (lim ite d to r a ilr o a d , lo c a l and su bu rban p a s s e n g e r , deep sea w a te r , and a ir t ra n sp o r ta tio n in d u s tr ie s ),
co m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r ic , g a s , and sa n ita r y s e r v i c e s .
5 E n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c tu r a l s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c ia lly op era ted
research ,
d ev e lo p m e n t,
and testin g la b o r a ­
t o r ie s on ly.
6 In su ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in 1 w o r k le v e l or m o r e to w a r r a n t se p a r a te p r e se n ta tio n of data.







Appendix A.

Scope and Method of Survey

S cope o f Su rvey
The s u r v e y r e la t e s to e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the U nited S tates e x c e p t A la s k a and H aw aii
in the fo llo w in g in d u s t r ie s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g ; tr a n s p o r t a tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c , g a s,
and s a n ita r y s e r v i c e s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ;
e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c i a l l y o p e r a te d r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t,
and te s tin g l a b o r a t o r ie s .
E x clu d e d a r e e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g fe w e r than the m in im u m
n u m b er o f w o r k e r s , as in d ic a te d in the a c c o m p a n y in g ta b le fo r e a ch in d u s tr y d iv is io n , at
the tim e o f r e f e r e n c e o f the u n iv e r s e data (g e n e r a lly , f i r s t q u a r te r o f 1966).
T h e v a r ia b le
m in im u m e m p lo y m e n t s i z e , w h ich w as ad op ted in the 1966 s u r v e y , m o r e n e a r ly e q u a liz e s
the m in im u m w h i t e - c o l la r e m p lo y m e n t o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts a m on g the v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .
The e s tim a te d n u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts and the to ta l e m p lo y m e n t w ith in s c o p e o f this
s u r v e y , and w ith in the s a m p le s a c tu a lly s tu d ie d , a r e show n f o r e a c h m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n
in the a c c o m p a n y in g ta b le .
T h e s e e s t im a te s a ls o a r e sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly fo r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y in g 2 ,5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e and th o s e lo c a t e d in S tan dard M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l
A r e a s . 18
A s in d ic a te d in the ta b le , the s c o p e o f the stu d y w as the s a m e f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s ;
h o w e v e r , the c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g o c c u p a t io n s w e r e stu d ied in a la r g e r n u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts than w e r e the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n o c c u p a t io n s .
The s a m p lin g m e th o d s u se d f o r stu d yin g e a c h o f th e se o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p s a r e d e s c r ib e d
in d e ta il u n d er S a m p lin g and E s tim a tin g P r o c e d u r e s .
T im in g o f S u r v e y
S u r v e y c o lle c t io n w as tim e d s o that the data w ould r e f le c t an a v e r a g e r e f e r e n c e p e r io d
o f June 1967. 19
T h e data f o r the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n
o c c u p a tio n s w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it s to a n a tion w id e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s la r g e ly
b e tw e e n la te M a r c h and e a r ly S e p te m b e r .
V is it s w e r e tim e d s o that e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
m o r e than o n e -h a lf o f the s u r v e y 's w h i t e - c o l la r e m p lo y m e n t had b e e n c o n t a c te d b y the end
o f June.
T h e m o s t r e c e n t in fo r m a t io n a v a ila b le at the tim e o f the v is it w as o b ta in e d .
The a v e r a g e r e f e r e n c e m on th f o r c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g o c c u p a t io n s w a s a ls o June 1967.
D ata f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s w e r e ob ta in ed fr o m tw o s o u r c e s :
T h e B u r e a u 's o c c u p a t io n a l
w ag e stu d ie s in 44 m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s w h ich had r e f e r e n c e d a te s o f M a r c h th rou g h S e p te m b e r
1967; and in a ll o th e r a r e a s , fr o m the s a m e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts that w e r e v is it e d f o r
the p r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is t r a tiv e o c c u p a t io n s .
M eth od o f C o lle c t io n
D ata w e r e ob ta in ed b y p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u re a u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p r e s e n t a t iv e
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y . 20
E m p lo y e e s w e r e c la s s if i e d a c c o r d in g to
o c c u p a tio n and le v e l, w ith the a s s is t a n c e o f co m p a n y o f f i c i a l s , on the b a s is o f u n ifo r m jo b
d e fin it io n s .
In c o m p a r in g a ctu a l d u ties and r e s p o n s ib ilit ie s o f e m p lo y e e s w ith th o s e in the
s u r v e y d e fin it io n s , e x te n s iv e u se w as m a d e o f c o m p a n y o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s , o r g a n i­
z a tio n c h a r t s , and o th e r p e r s o n n e l r e c o r d s .
The o c c u p a t io n a l d e fin itio n s u se d in c l a s s i f y ­
ing e m p lo y e e s a p p e a r in ap p en d ix C.

18

The metropolitan area data in the 1967 survey relate to all 227 SMSA's (within the 48 States surveyed) as revised through
April 1966 by the Bureau of the Budget.
Earlier surveys represented fewer SMSA’ s, ranging from 188 in 1962 and earlier surveys to
221 in the 1965 survey.
19 The seven previous surveys in this series reflected salaries for average reference periods o f February for clerica l and drafting,
and March for all other occupations. Prior to 1963, reports listed these reference periods as "W in ter." Beginning with the 1963 report
and continuing through 1966, the more specific designation, "February—
March" was used.
20 The surveys in metropolitan areas, used to develop the nationwide estimates for the drafting and clerica l occupations, pro­
vide for collection by a com bination o f m ail and personal visits in alternate years.




37

38
N u m ber o f E s ta b lish m en ts and W ork ers Within S cop e of S u r v e y 1 and N um ber Studied by Industry D iv is io n , June 1967
Within sc o p e o f s u r v e y 1

Industry d iv is io n

M inim um
em ploym en t
in e sta b ­
lish m en ts
in s c o p e o f
su r v e y

N um ber
o f e sta b ­
lish m en ts

W or k e rs in
esta bl ishm ents
P r o fe s s io n a l,
a d m in is­
tra tiv e ,
T otal
s u p e r v is o r y ,
and c l e r i c a l 3

Studied fo r
p r o fe s s io n a l and adm in is tra tiv e occu p a tion s
N u m ber
o f e sta b ­
lish m en ts

W ork ers
in esta b ­
lish m en ts

Studied fo r draftin g
and c l e r i c a l
o ccu p a tion s 1
2
N um ber
o f esta b ­
lishm ents

W ork ers
in e sta b ­
lish m en ts

2 8 ,3 2 5
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m anufactu rin g:
T ra n sp orta tion ,
com m u n ica tion ,
e l e c t r i c , g a s, and sa n ita ry
s e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------W h olesa le t r a d e -------------------------------R eta il trade -------------------------------------F in a n ce, in su ra n ce , and re a l
esta te ______________________________
S e rv ice s :
E n g in eerin g and a rch ite ctu a l
s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c ia lly
o p era ted r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p ­
m en t, and testin g la b o r a ­
t o r ie s o n ly ______________________

M etropolitan

1 7 ,4 7 3 ,0 2 6

6 ,4 7 8 ,9 0 5

2 ,7 7 8

6 ,1 2 1 ,3 1 8

5, 076

7 ,7 0 5 , 143

250

12,0 89

11, 195,982

3, 1 51,902

1 ,7 4 0

4 ,2 4 6 ,8 3 1

2 ,5 2 5

4 ,8 4 4 ,4 6 9

100
100
250

2, 727
3, 147
1,956

2, 0 37 ,38 5
6 7 7 ,4 1 2
1 ,8 1 2 ,5 6 4

9 5 9 ,4 6 4
3 3 9 ,51 0
4 1 1 ,6 7 9

300
130
170

9 0 6 ,4 5 8
5 7 ,0 4 3
4 0 8 ,0 0 7

615
449
576

1 ,1 7 0 ,1 3 9
159, 169
8 5 5 ,7 2 6

50

7, 977

1 ,5 3 2 ,6 1 5

1 ,4 7 3 ,3 4 9

344

3 7 1 ,14 8

787

5 35 ,59 6

100

429

2 17 ,06 8

143,001

94

131,831

124

140 ,04 4

a r e a s -----a l l i n d u s t r i e s 5

M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________
N on m anufactu rin g:
T ra n sp orta tion , 4 com m u n ica tion ,
e le c t r i c , g a s, and sa n ita ry
s e r v i c e s ____________________________
W h olesa le t r a d e _____________________
R eta il trade _________________________
F in a n ce, in su ra n ce , and r e a l
esta te ______________________________
S e r v ic e s :
E n g in eerin g and a rch ite ctu r a l
s e r v i c e s ; and c o m m e r c ia lly
o p era ted r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p ­
m ent and testing la b o r a ­
t o r ie s o n ly ______________________

E sta b lish m en ts em ploy in g 2, 500
w o r k e r s o r m o re — all in d u stries ________ —
M a n u fa ctu r in g __________________________ J

2 2 ,5 1 8

1 4 ,4 8 0 ,9 2 6

5 ,8 3 4 ,2 1 7

2, 193

5 ,4 5 3 ,8 1 3

4 ,4 9 1

7 ,0 3 7 ,6 3 8

250

8, 137

8 ,5 4 4 ,9 3 3

2 ,6 8 2 ,0 3 3

1 ,252

3 ,6 2 7 ,8 5 5

2, 037

4, 2 25 ,49 3

100
100
250

2 ,0 3 0
2 ,9 1 8
1 ,887

1 ,8 7 7 ,5 4 0
6 44 ,67 7
1 ,7 8 1 ,8 8 9

9 0 8 ,4 7 4
3 2 9 ,00 3
4 0 5 ,7 8 7

264
118
158

8 8 8 ,0 0 4
5 3 ,4 7 2
4 0 0 ,1 7 6

579
437
564

1, 1 51,685
155 ,59 8
8 4 7 ,8 9 5

50

7, 149

1 ,4 3 8 ,3 9 7

1 ,3 7 9 ,3 3 9

315

3 65 ,18 7

758

5 2 9 ,6 3 5

100

397

193,485

129,581

86

119, 119

116

127 ,33 2

1, 071

6 ,4 2 1 ,4 0 9

2 ,4 4 3 , 190

642

4 ,6 5 4 ,9 0 9

713

4 ,8 0 7 ,2 8 3

701

4 ,4 2 5 ,8 9 1

1 ,4 9 6 ,9 9 7

440

3 ,3 1 7 ,8 8 0

429

3 ,1 8 5 ,1 1 0

1 The study r e la te s to esta b lish m en ts in in d u stries liste d , having total em p loy m en t at o r a bove the m inim um lim ita tion in dicated in
the fir s t colu m n , in the United States e x cep t A la sk a and H aw aii.
2 The draftin g and c l e r i c a l o ccu p a tion s w e re studied in the sa m e sa m ple o f e sta b lish m en ts as w e re the p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in istra tiv e
occu p a tio n s , ex cep t in 44 S M S A 's.
F o r these a r e a s , the draftin g and c l e r i c a l data w ere obtained fr o m the B u r e a u 's m o re in ten siv ely sa m pled
su rv ey s o f sep a ra te m e tro p o lita n a r e a s .
(F o r a m o re deta iled explanation, see Sam pling and E stim atin g P r o c e d u r e s , p . 4 0 .)
3 Includes e x e cu tiv e , a d m in istr a tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, s u p e r v is o r y , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s , but e x clu d es tech n ician s and d r a ftsm e n , and
sa les p e r so n n e l.
4 L im ited to ra ilr o a d , lo c a l and suburban p a s s e n g e r , deep sea w ater (fo r e ig n and d o m e s t ic ), and a ir tra n sp orta tion in d u stries as defined
in the 195 7 edition o f the Standard In du stria l C la s s ific a tio n Manual.
5 Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s in the United S tates, ex cep t A la sk a and H aw aii, as r e v is e d through A p r il 1966 by the B ureau
o f the Budget.




39

N a tu r e o f D ata C o lle c t e d and P r e s e n t e d
T h e r e p o r t e d s a la r ie s r e p r e s e n t sta n d a rd s a la r ie s p a id f o r s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u le s ,
i. e. , to the s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r y c o r r e s p o n d in g to the e m p lo y e e 's n o r m a l w o r k s c h e d u le
e x clu d in g o v e r t im e h o u r s .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g b o n u s e s
and in c e n tiv e e a r n in g s a r e in clu d e d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s p r e s e n t e d r e la t e to fu ll- t i m e
e m p lo y e e s f o r w h o m s a la r y data w e r e a v a ila b le .
A b o u t 5 p e r c e n t o f a ll the e s t a b lis h m e n t s a s k e d to su p p ly data on p r o f e s s io n a l, a d ­
m in is t r a t iv e , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s w o u ld not do s o .
T h e s e c o r r e s p o n d e d to an e s t i ­
m a te d to ta l in the u n iv e r s e stu d ied o f a p p r o x im a te ly 934, 000 w o r k e r s , a b ou t 5. 3 p e r c e n t o f
1 7 ,4 7 3 ,0 0 0 .
T h e n o n c o o p e r a tin g u n its in the s a m p le w e r e r e p la c e d b y o th e r s in the s a m e
in d u s tr y -s iz e -lo c a tio n c la s s e s .
W h e re no su ch su b s titu te s w e r e a v a ila b le , s in c e a ll s im ila r
u nits w e r e a lr e a d y in the s a m p le , the w e ig h ts o f the in c lu d e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e in c r e a s e d
to a c c o u n t f o r the m is s in g u n its.
In the s u r v e y s o f c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g w o r k e r s , the s a m e g e n e r a l p r o c e d u r e w as
fo llo w e d to take a c c o u n t o f the n o n c o o p e r a t o r s .
T h e r e fu s a l r a te w a s lo w e r h e r e , a m ou n tin g
to 4. 3 p e r c e n t.
U n d er e s t a b lis h e d p o l i c i e s o f s o m e c o m p a n ie s , o f f i c i a l s w e r e n ot a u th o r iz e d to p r o ­
v id e in fo r m a t io n r e la tin g to s a la r ie s f o r a ll o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d .
In n e a r ly a ll in s t a n c e s ,
h o w e v e r , in fo r m a t io n w as p r o v id e d on the n u m b e r o f su ch e m p lo y e e s and the a p p r o p r ia te
o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s if i c a t io n .
It w as thus p o s s ib le to e s tim a te the p r o p o r t io n o f e m p lo y e e s
f o r w h om s a la r y data w e r e n ot a v a ila b le .
A s in d ic a te d b e lo w , th e s e p o li c ie s m o r e o fte n
r e la t e d to the h ig h e r le v e l p o s it io n s , m a in ly b e c a u s e o f p o l i c i e s n ot to d i s c l o s e p a y data
f o r e m p lo y e e s c o n s id e r e d a p a rt o f the m a n a g e m e n t g r o u p o r c l a s s i f i e d in o c c u p a tio n a l le v e ls
in v o lv in g a s in g le e m p lo y e e .

Number of jo b categories

Percent o f employees classified in professional
and administrative occupations surveyed for
whom salary data were not available

1 ------------------------------------------------------ 10 percent or more
Directors o f personnel IV (15 percent)

6 ------------------------------------------------------ 5 to 9. 9 percent
Attorneys VI and VII
C hief accountants IV
Directors o f personnel III
Engineers VIII
Managers, o ffice services III

1 4 ----------------------------------------------------

1 to 4. 9 percent

3 0 ----------------------------------------- ---------- Less than 1 percent

C o m p a r is o n s b e tw e e n e s t a b lis h m e n t s that p r o v id e d s a la r y data fo r e a ch s p e c i f i c o c ­
cu p a tio n le v e l and th o se n ot d oin g s o in d ic a te d that the tw o c l a s s e s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s did
n ot d if f e r m a t e r ia lly in in d u s tr ie s r e p r e s e n t e d , e m p lo y m e n t, o r pa y s t r u c tu r e f o r o th e r jo b s
in th is s e r i e s f o r w h ich data w e r e a v a ila b le .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s r e la t e to the to ta l in a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y and n ot the n u m b e r a c tu a lly s u r v e y e d . E m p lo y e e s fo r w h om s a la r y data
w e r e n ot a v a ila b le w e r e n ot ta k en in to a c c o u n t in the e s t im a t e s . 21 T h e s e e s t im a te s w e r e
d e r iv e d by w eig h tin g f u ll- t i m e e m p lo y e e s in the o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d in e a ch s a m p le e s t a b lis h ­
m en t in p r o p o r t io n to the n u m b e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s it r e p r e s e n t e d w ith in the s c o p e o f the
su rvey.
F o r e x a m p le , i f the s a m p le e s ta b lis h m e n t w as s e l e c t e d f r o m a g r o u p o f fo u r e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith s im ila r e m p lo y m e n t in the sa m e in d u s tr y and r e g io n , e a c h f u ll-t i m e e m p lo y e e
found in an o c c u p a t io n stu d ie d w as cou n ted a s fo u r e m p lo y e e s in c o m p ilin g the e m p lo y m e n t

21
Also not taken into account were a few instances in which salary data were available for em ployees in an occupation, but
where there was no satisfactory basis for classifying the employees by the appropriate work levels. The occupations involved in these
cases were accountants, chemists, engineers, and engineering technicians.




40
e s t im a te s fo r the o c c u p a t io n s .
In a d d itio n , the p r o fe s s io n a l and a d m in is t r a tiv e o c c u p a t io n s
w e r e lim it e d to e m p lo y e e s m e e tin g the s p e c if i c c r i t e r i a in e a c h s u r v e y d e fin it io n and w e r e
n ot in ten d ed to in clu d e a ll e m p lo y e e s in e a c h fie ld o f w o r k . 222 F o r th e s e r e a s o n s , and
3
b e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c tu r e a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to
in d ic a te the r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f the o c c u p a tio n s and le v e ls as d e fin e d fo r the s u r v e y .
T h e s e q u a lific a t io n s o f the e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a te s do n ot m a t e r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.
In the o c c u p a t io n s s u r v e y e d , both m e n and w o m e n w e r e c l a s s i f i e d and in c lu d e d in the
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s e s t im a t e s .
In the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , and
te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s , m e n w e r e s u ffic ie n t ly p r e d o m in a n t to p r e c lu d e p r e s e n ta tio n o f s e p a r a te
data by s e x .
F o r th o s e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s in w h ich b oth m e n and w o m e n a r e c o m m o n ly
e m p lo y e d , s e p a r a te data by s e x a r e a v a ila b le fr o m the a r e a w ag e s u r v e y r e p o r t s c o m p ile d
by m e t r o p o lita n a r e a .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s and w o r k le v e ls in c lu d e d in th is stu d y, and in w h ich
w o m e n a c c o u n te d f o r 5 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the e m p lo y m e n t, w e r e d is tr ib u te d a c c o r d in g to
the p r o p o r t io n o f w o m e n e m p lo y e e s , a s fo llo w s :

W omen (percent)

Occupation and level

90 or m o r e ----------------------------

A ll levels of file clerks, keypunch operators,
secretaries, stenographers, switchboard
operators, and typists
Accounting clerks I
Accounting clerks II
O ffice boys or girls, tabulating-m achine
operators I
Tabulating-machine operators II
Draftsmen-tracers
Tabulating-machine operators III, job
analysts I, engineering technicians I,
chemists I
Accountants I, buyers I, jo b analysts II,
chemists II
Accountants II, managers o f o ffice services I,
jo b analysts III, directors of personnel I,
chemists III, engineering technicians II,
draftsmen I

85-89 -----------------------------------60-64 -----------------------------------45-49 -----------------------------------35-39 ----20-24 -----------------------------------1 5 - 1 9 ------------------------------------

1 0 - 1 4 -----------------------------------5 - 9 ---------------------------------------

S a m p lin g and E s tim a tin g P r o c e d u r e s
A s in d ic a t e d e a r l i e r , th is s u r v e y r e la t e s to _all e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the U n ited S ta te s,
e x c e p t A la s k a and H a w a ii, w ith in the in d u s tr y and m in im u m s iz e s c o p e . A lth ou g h one s a m p le
o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s w a s s e le c t e d fo r stu d yin g the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , and e n g in e e r in g
te c h n ic ia n o c c u p a t io n s , and a n oth er f o r the d ra ftin g and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , both r e la t e
to the sa m e p o p u la tio n o f g e o g r a p h ic , in d u s tr y , and s i z e - o f - e s t a b l i s h m e n t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
The p r o c e d u r e s u se d f o r s e le c t in g s a m p le s f o r th e s e tw o g ro u p s o f o c c u p a t io n s a r e e x p la in e d
in the fo llo w in g p a r a g r a p h s .
P r o f e s s i o n a l, A d m in is t r a t iv e , and E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n O c c u p a t io n s .
T he sa m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s c a lle d f o r the d e ta ile d s t r a t ific a t io n o f a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s c o p e o f the
s u r v e y b y lo c a t io n , in d u s tr y , and s iz e o f e m p lo y m e n t.
F r o m th is u n iv e r s e , a n a tion w id e
s a m p le o f a b ou t 2, 800 e s t a b lis h m e n t s (not c o m p a n ie s ) w a s s e le c t e d s y s t e m a t ic a lly so that
e a c h g e o g r a p h ic u nit w as r e p r e s e n t e d p r o p o r t io n a t e ly w ith in e s t a b lis h m e n t and in d u s tr y
cla s s e s .
E a c h in d u s tr y w as s a m p le d s e p a r a te ly , the sa m p lin g r a te s dep en d en t on the i m ­
p o r ta n c e o f the in d u s tr y as an e m p lo y e r having the s u r v e y jo b s .
W ith in e a c h in d u s tr y , a
22 Engineers, for exam ple, are defined to permit classification of em ployees engaged in engineering work within a band of
eight levels, starting with inexperienced engineering graduates and excluding only those within certain fields o f specialization or in
positions above those covered by level VIII. By way o f contrast, such occupations as chief accountants and directors of personnel
are defined to include only those with responsibility for a specified program and with duties and responsibilities as indicated for each
o f the more lim ited number o f work levels selected for study.
23 A few of the largest employers, together employing approximately one m illion workers, gave data on a companywide basis.
These companies were eliminated from the universe to which the preceding procedure applies. The sample count includes the estab­
lishments of these companies within the scope of the survey.




41

g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f la r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w as in c lu d e d .
In c o m b in in g the
d a ta, e a c h e s ta b lis h m e n t w a s w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ilit y o f s e le c t io n , s o that u n ­
b ia s e d e s t im a te s w e r e g e n e r a t e d .
T o illu s t r a t e the p r o c e s s , w h e r e one e s t a b lis h m e n t out
o f fo u r w as s e l e c t e d , it w as g iv e n a w e ig h t o f 4 , thus r e p r e s e n t in g i t s e l f p lu s th re e o t h e r s .
In in s t a n c e s w h e r e data w e r e n ot a v a ila b le f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r , an a lte r n a te
o f the s a m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ilit y o f s e l e c t io n w a s c h o s e n in the s a m e in d u s t r y - s iz e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n .
W h e re th e r e w a s n o s u ita b le su b s titu tio n f o r the o r ig in a l s a m p le m e m b e r , the
m is s in g u nit w as a c c o u n te d f o r b y a s s ig n in g a d d itio n a l w e ig h t to an e x is tin g s a m p le m e m b e r
that w a s a s n e a r ly s im ila r as p o s s ib le to the m is s in g u nit.

C l e r ic a l and D ra ftin g O c c u p a tio n s .
T h e n a tion w id e e s t im a te s f o r the c l e r i c a l and d r a ft ­
in g o c c u p a tio n s a r e , in la r g e p a r t , a b y p r o d u c t o f the B u r e a u 's s u r v e y s o f th e s e o c c u p a t io n s
in 85 m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s .
D ata fr o m 44 o f th e s e a r e a w ag e s u r v e y s w e r e a d ju ste d to the
s c o p e o f the n a tio n a l s u r v e y and w e r e in clu d e d to r e p r e s e n t t h e m s e lv e s . 24 T h e s a m p lin g
o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in e a c h o f th e s e a r e a s w as d e s ig n e d to y ie ld e s t im a te s o f the a r e a
as a w h o le , and f o r m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w ith in the a r e a .
A s d e s c r ib e d in the p r e ­
c e d in g s e c t io n , the e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e s t r a t ifie d b y in d u s tr y and e m p lo y m e n t s i z e , and a
s a m p le m e m b e r s e le c t e d at ra n d o m f o r e a c h stra tu m .

F o r a ll r e m a in in g a r e a s , c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g data w e r e o b ta in e d fr o m the sa m e n a tio n ­
w id e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s u s e d f o r the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , and e n g in e e r in g
te c h n ic ia n o c c u p a t io n s .
W ith in th is s a m p le th e r e w e r e a p p r o x im a t e ly 700 e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
a r e a s w h e r e lo c a li t y s tu d ie s had b e e n don e b e tw e e n O c t o b e r 1966 and F e b r u a r y 1967.
W h e re
p o s s ib le (in a b ou t 400 e s t a b lis h m e n t s ), c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g data r e p o r t e d in th e se stu d ie s
w e r e u pdated to r e f l e c t g e n e r a l in c r e a s e s o c c u r r in g to the tim e p r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is ­
tr a tiv e data w e r e c o lle c t e d .
In a ll o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t s , c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g data w e r e
c o lle c t e d in c o n ju n c tio n w ith p r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is t r a tiv e data.
C o n v e r s io n o f S a la r y R a te s
S a la r y data fo r the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s w e r e c o lle c t e d in the f o r m in w h ich it w as
m o s t r e a d ily a v a ila b le f r o m c o m p a n y r e c o r d s , i. e. , on a w e e k ly , b iw e e k ly , se m im o n th ly ,
m o n th ly , o r annual b a s i s .
F o r the in itia l ta b u la tio n s , the s a la r y data w e r e f i r s t c o n v e r t e d
to a w e e k ly b a s is fo r the c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g o c c u p a t io n s and to a m o n th ly b a s is fo r the
p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a t iv e , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e f a c t o r s u s e d to
c o n v e r t th e se data f o r the tw o g r o u p s o f o c c u p a t io n s w e r e as fo llo w s :

Tim e interval
represented by
salary

W eekly--------------------------------------B iw eekly----------------------------------S em im onthly----------------------------M o n th ly .............. ......................... Annual .............................................

Salaries for clerical and
drafting occupations to
weekly basis

Salaries for professional
and administrative o ccu p a tions and for engineering
technicians to
monthly basis

1.0000
.5 0 0 0
. 4602
.2301
.0192

4.3 4 50
2.1725
2.0000
1.0000
.0833

A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a la r ie s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le s 1, 2, and 3 and an nual s a la r ie s p r e s e n t e d in
ta b le s 1 and 2 fo r the c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g o c c u p a t io n s a r e d e r iv e d f r o m the a v e r a g e w e e k ly
s a la r ie s (to the n e a r e s t penny) b y u s e o f f a c t o r s 4 . 345 and 52. 14, r e s p e c t iv e ly , and r o u n d ­
ing r e s u lt s to the n e a r e s t d o lla r .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r th e s e o c c u p a t io n s , p r e s e n t e d
in ta b le 6, a r e ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
A v e r a g e m o n th ly s a la r ie s p r e s e n t e d in
ta b le s 1, 2, and 3 f o r the p r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is t r a tiv e o c c u p a t io n s and fo r e n g in e e r in g
te c h n ic ia n s a r e r ou n d ed to the n e a r e s t d o lla r .
T o o b ta in the annual s a l a r i e s , a v e r a g e
m on th ly s a la r ie s (to the n e a r e s t pen ny) a r e m u lt ip lie d b y 12 and ro u n d e d to i£ie n e a r e s t d o lla r .

24

These were the 44 area wage surveys (excluding Cleveland and San Jose) which had payroll reference dates o f March through
September 1967, and were, therefore, representative of the same collection tim e period that applied for the national survey.
For
a detailed description o f changes in survey tim ing and sampling procedures, see appendix B«




42

M eth od o f D e te r m in in g M ed ia n and Q u a r tile V a lu e s
M ed ia n and q u a r tile v a lu e s p r e s e n te d in this r e p o r t w e r e d e r iv e d fr o m d is tr ib u tio n s
o f e m p lo y e e s b y s a la r y u sin g $ 1 c la s s in t e r v a ls .
W e e k ly s a la r y c la s s in t e r v a ls w e r e u s e d
f o r d r a fts m e n and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s and m o n th ly s a la r y c la s s in te r v a ls w e r e u s e d fo r a ll
o th e r o c c u p a t io n s .
T h e w e e k ly v a lu e s w e r e m u lt ip lie d by 4 . 34 5 to ob ta in m o n th ly v a lu e s
and by 52. 14 to ob ta in annual v a lu e s .
The annual v a lu e s fo r o th e r than d r a fts m e n and
c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s w e r e o b ta in e d b y m u ltip ly in g m on th ly v a lu e s b y 12.
E s tim a t e s o f S a m plin g E r r o r
The s u r v e y p r o c e d u r e y ie ld s e s t im a te s w ith w id e ly v a r y in g s a m p lin g e r r o r s , d ep en d in g
on the fr e q u e n c y w ith w h ich the jo b o c c u r s , and the d is p e r s io n o f s a l a r i e s .
T h us fo r the
p r o f e s s io n a l and a d m in is t r a tiv e o c c u p a t io n w o r k l e v e l s , the r e la t iv e sta n d a r d e r r o r s o f the
a v e r a g e s a la r ie s w e r e d is tr ib u te d as fo llo w s :
31 w e r e u n d er 2 p e r c e n t ; 8 w e r e 2 and u n d er
4 p e r c e n t ; 3 w e r e 4 and u n d e r 6 p e r c e n t ; and 9 w e r e 6 p e r c e n t and o v e r . 25 T he n a tio n ­
w id e e s t im a te s fo r the c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g r o o m o c c u p a t io n s , b a s e d on the m u ch la r g e r
s a m p le , a r e s u b je c t to s m a lle r sa m p lin g e r r o r — le s s than 2 p e r c e n t in a ll c a s e s e x c e p t f o r
ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s I (2. 7 p e r c e n t ) and file c l e r k s III (3. 8 p e r c e n t ). T h e s e sa m p lin g
e r r o r s m e a s u r e the v a lid ity o f the ba n d w ith in w h ich the tru e a v e r a g e is lik e ly to fa ll. T h u s,
f o r an o c c u p a t io n w ith a s a m p le a v e r a g e m on th ly s a la r y o f $ 1 ,0 0 0 and a sa m p lin g e r r o r
o f 4 p e r c e n t , the c h a n c e s a r e 19 out o f 20 that the tru e a v e r a g e l ie s w ith in the band fr o m
$ 9 6 0 to $ 1 ,0 4 0 .

25
The 6 percent and over group included: Chief accountants II— 6 .1 percent; managers, o ffice services IV— 6. 3 percent; attorneys
VI— 7. 3 percent and VII— 6. 4 percent; directors o f personnel I— 8 . 2 percent and IV— 1 1 . 8 percent; chemists IV— 6.1 percent and VIII—
7 .7 percent; and engineers VIII— 6.9 percent.




Appendix B.

Survey Changes in 1967

The m o s t e x te n s iv e c h a n g e s in the 1967 s u r v e y in v o lv e d m o d ify in g the s a m p lin g , e s t i ­
m a tin g , and c o lle c t in g p r o c e d u r e s in o r d e r to a d v a n c e the s u r v e y r e f e r e n c e p e r io d fr o m
F e b r u a r y —M a r c h to June.
O th er ch a n g e s w e r e m a d e in the s u r v e y d e fin it io n s f o r fo u r o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in the o c c u p a t io n a l c o v e r a g e o f the s u r v e y .
E a ch o f th e s e c h a n g e s is d e s c r ib e d
in d e t a il b e lo w .
C h an ges in S u rv ey T im in g and S a m plin g P r o c e d u r e s
In e a r lie r s u r v e y s , data c o lle c t io n had b e e n tim e d s o that the s a la r y e s t im a t e s r e la t e d ,
on the a v e r a g e , to F e b r u a r y — a r ch .
M
The p r im a r y r e a s o n f o r ch a n g in g the r e f e r e n c e p e r io d
to June w a s to sh o r te n the tim e b e tw e e n the p e r io d s w hen data a r e c o lle c t e d and w hen F e d e r a l
pa y a d ju stm e n ts a r e c o n s id e r e d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the p r o v i s io n s o f the F e d e r a l S a la ry
R e fo r m A c t o f 1962.
The E x e c u tiv e B r a n c h o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t u s e s the s u r v e y
r e s u lt s to c o m p a r e F e d e r a l and p r iv a te in d u s tr y s a la r ie s .
T o a c h ie v e the new r e f e r e n c e p e r io d f o r the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and t e c h ­
n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s , it w as s u ffic ie n t s im p ly to sh ift the p e r io d o f data c o lle c t io n .
The sa m e
a l s o a p p lie d to the c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g o c c u p a t io n s in n o n m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s .
H ow ever,
f o r c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g data in m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s , it w a s n e c e s s a r y to a lte r the m eth od
o f c o lle c t io n and to m o d ify the s a m p le d e s ig n and e stim a tin g p r o c e d u r e s .
In p r io r y e a r s , the e s t im a te s o f the c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g data f o r a ll m e t r o p o lita n
a r e a s w e r e o b ta in e d b y c o m b in in g data fr o m the B u reau *s s e p a r a te s tu d ie s o f th e s e o c c u p a ­
tio n s in s e le c t e d m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s (8 4 a r e a s in 1966).
T h e s e 84 m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s fo r m e d
a s a m p le o f a ll 221 m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s (a s o f M a r c h 1965).
E a ch a r e a w a s s e le c t e d to
r e p r e s e n t a stra tu m o f s im ila r a r e a s , e x c e p t the la r g e s t a r e a s w h ich g e n e r a lly r e p r e s e n t e d
on ly th e m s e lv e s .
In th is w ay , the a r e a e s ta b lis h m e n t s a m p le s g a v e r e s u lt s b o th fo r the
in d iv id u a l a r e a s and a ls o , b y a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h tin g , fo r a ll m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s th rou g h ou t
the c o u n tr y .
The tim in g o f the lo c a lit y s u r v e y s o v e r the f i s c a l y e a r e n a b le d th em to b e
c o m b in e d in to a c o m p o s it e w h ich a v e r a g e d ju s t a m on th (F e b r u a r y ) e a r lie r than the data fo r
the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n j o b s .
F o r the 1967 s u r v e y , it w a s no lo n g e r p o s s ib le to in c o r p o r a t e a ll o f the in d iv id u a l
a r e a in fo r m a t io n in the sa m e fa s h io n , s in c e the new r e f e r e n c e p e r io d (Ju n e) d id n ot r e p r e ­
sen t the p ea k o f a r e a c o lle c t io n w o r k as in the e a r lie r s u r v e y s .
Data f o r the a r e a s s u r v e y e d
in the p e r io d f r o m O c t o b e r to F e b r u a r y c o u ld n ot b e in clu d e d in the n ew c o m p o s it e .
T h o se
a r e a s h avin g r e f e r e n c e p e r io d s in the m on th s fo llo w in g S e p te m b e r w e r e to o la te to b e in ­
c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f f i r m c o m m itm e n ts f o r p u b lish in g the s u r v e y data, and th o s e p r io r to
M a r c h w e r e to o e a r ly to b e u sed w ith ou t e x te n s iv e a d ju stm e n ts to a c c o u n t f o r la te r in c r e a s e s .
A lth ou g h it w ou ld h a v e b e e n p o s s ib le to c o n fin e the c o lle c t io n o f c l e r i c a l data to the s a m e
u nits p r o v id in g data f o r the p r o f e s s io n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and e n g in e e r in g te c h n ic ia n jo b s ,
th is w ou ld r e d u c e the s a m p le s iz e fr o m a b ou t 7, 600 to 2, 800 u n its, th u s, su b s ta n tia lly in ­
c r e a s in g the sa m p lin g e r r o r .
A r e v is e d sa m p lin g p la n w a s a d o p te d w h ich w ou ld h ave le s s sa m p lin g e r r o r than the
n a tion w id e s a m p le o f 2, 800 u n its, and w ou ld m e e t the tim in g r e q u ir e m e n t s .
T h is p r o c e d u r e
c a lle d f o r the in c lu s io n in the s u r v e y o f c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g data f o r the 44 a r e a stu d ie s
h avin g p a y r o ll r e f e r e n c e m on th s f r o m M a r c h to S e p te m b e r, e a c h a r e a r e p r e s e n t in g on ly
it s e lf.
D ata fo r c l e r i c a l and d ra ftin g o c c u p a t io n s in the r e m a in in g 183 m e t r o p o lita n a r e a s
w e r e c o lle c t e d on ly in th o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s that w e r e in the s a m p le d ra w n fo r the p r o f e s ­
sio n a l, a d m in is t r a tiv e , and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s .
U sing th is c o m p o s it e pla n , a to ta l o f
a p p r o x im a te ly 5, 100 e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e stu d ied f o r c l e r i c a l and d r a ftin g data.
D e sp ite the d if f e r e n c e s in sa m p lin g and e stim a tin g p r o c e d u r e s , the 1967 s a la r y e s t i ­
m a te s r e la t e to th e s a m e g e o g r a p h ic , in d u s tr y , and s i z e - o f - e s t a b l i s h m e n t c h a r a c t e r is t ic s
as in 1966.




43

44

C h an ges in O c c u p a tio n a l D e fin itio n s
N ew s u r v e y d e fin it io n s w e r e u se d fo r c la s s ify in g a l l a c c o u n ta n t s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n t s ,
a u d it o r s , and a t to r n e y s in the 1967 s u r v e y .
T h e s e d e fin it io n s w e r e r e v is e d to fa c ilit a t e
c la s s if i c a t io n b y b e t te r r e la t in g the d e fin it io n s to d u tie s and r e p o n s ib i lit ie s a s th ey e x is t in
p r iv a te in d u s tr y .
The w o r k le v e ls o f e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e in ten d ed to r e p r e s e n t th e s a m e
ty p e s o f jo b s a s did the sa m e le v e ls o f the p r e v io u s d e fin it io n s .
A n ev a lu a tio n o f the s u r v e y
data and the c o lle c t io n e x p e r ie n c e r e v e a le d that the r e v is e d d e fin it io n s had lit tle e f f e c t in
ch a n g in g m a tc h e s that had b e e n m a d e in the p a st.
C o m p a r is o n s o f data fo r tr e n d p u r p o s e s ,
t h e r e fo r e , w e r e n ot a ffe c t e d s e r io u s ly .
C h an ges in O c c u p a tio n a l C o v e r a g e
T h e l is t o f o c c u p a t io n s in c lu d e d in th is s u r v e y w a s a m e n d e d to in clu d e fo u r le v e ls o f
s e c r e t a r i e s , and to e x c lu d e fr e ig h t r a te c l e r k s .
The la tte r o c c u p a t io n w a s stu d ied on ly in
the 1966 s u r v e y .




Appendix C. Occupational Definitions

The p r im a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e fin itio n s f o r the
B u r e a u 's w ag e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its fie ld s t a ff in c la s s ify in g in to
a p p r o p r ia te o c c u p a t io n s , o r le v e ls w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , w o r k e r s w ho
a r e e m p lo y e d u n d er a v a r ie t y o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w o rk
a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n t to e s t a b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to
area.
T h is p e r m it s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w ag e r a te s r e p r e ­
sen tin g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
T o s e c u r e c o m p a r a b ilit y o f jo b
con ten t, s o m e o c c u p a t io n s and w o rk le v e ls a r e d e fin e d to in clu d e
o n ly th o se w o r k e r s m e e t in g s p e c i f i c c r i t e r i a as to tr a in in g , jo b
fu n c tio n s , and r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s is on in te r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f o c c u p a t io n a l con ten t,
the B u r e a u 's o c c u p a t io n a l d e fin it io n s m a y d iffe r s ig n ific a n tly fr o m
th o s e in u se in in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r
p u r p o s e s . A l s o s e e n ote r e f e r r in g to the d e fin it io n s f o r the d r a ftin g
and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s on p a g e 80.

A C C O U N T A N T S AND A U D IT O R S

ACCOUNTANT
P e r f o r m s p r o f e s s i o n a l a c c o u n tin g w o r k r e q u ir in g k n o w le d g e o f the th e o r y and p r a c ­
t ic e o f r e c o r d in g , c la s s ify in g , e x a m in in g , and a n a ly zin g the d a ta and r e c o r d s o f fin a n c ia l
t r a n s a c t io n s .
The w o r k g e n e r a lly r e q u ir e s a b a c h e l o r 's d e g r e e in a c c o u n tin g o r , in r a r e
in s t a n c e s , e q u iv a le n t e x p e r ie n c e and e d u ca tio n c o m b in e d . P o s it io n s c o v e r e d by th is d e fin itio n
a r e c h a r a c t e r iz e d b y the in c lu s io n o f w o rk that is a n a ly tic a l, c r e a t iv e , e v a lu a tiv e , and a d ­
v i s o r y in n a tu re .
The w o r k d r a w s upon and r e q u ir e s a th o ro u g h k n o w le d g e o f the fu n d a ­
m e n ta l d o c t r in e s , t h e o r ie s , p r in c ip le s , and t e r m in o lo g y o f a c c o u n ta n c y , and o fte n e n ta ils
s o m e u n d e rsta n d in g o f su ch r e la t e d fie ld s as b u s in e s s la w , s t a t is t ic s , and g e n e r a l m a n a g e ­
m en t.
(S ee a ls o c h ie f a c c o u n t a n t .)
P r o f e s s i o n a l r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s in a cc o u n ta n t p o s it io n s a b o v e the en try and
m e n ta l le v e ls in clu d e s e v e r a l s u c h d u tie s a s :

d e v e lo p ­

A n a ly z in g the e ffe c t s o f tr a n s a c t io n s u pon a c c o u n t r e la t io n s h ip s ;
E v a lu a tin g a lte r n a tiv e m e a n s o f tr e a tin g t r a n s a c t io n s ;
P la n n in g the m a n n e r in w h ich a c c o u n t s t r u c t u r e s sh o u ld b e d e v e lo p e d o r m o d ifie d ;
A s s u r in g
m a n a g e m e n t;

the

a d e q u a cy

of

the

a c c o u n tin g

sy stem

as

the

b a s is

fo r

r e p o r t in g

to

C o n s id e r in g the n eed f o r n ew o r c h a n g ed c o n t r o ls ;
P r o je c t in g a c c o u n tin g da ta to sh ow the e ffe c t s o f p r o p o s e d p la n s on c a p it a l in v e s t ­
m e n ts , in c o m e , c a s h p o s it io n , and o v e r a ll fin a n c ia l c o n d itio n ;
In te r p r e tin g the m e a n in g o f a c c o u n tin g r e c o r d s ,

rep orts,

and s t a t e m e n ts ;

A d v is in g o p e r a tin g o f f i c i a l s on a c c o u n tin g m a t t e r s ; and
R e c o m m e n d in g
and p r o c e d u r e s .

im p r o v e m e n t s ,

a d a p ta tion s,

or

r e v is io n s

in

the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m

(E n try and d e v e lo p m e n ta l le v e l p o s it io n s p r o v id e op p o r tu n ity to d e v e lo p a b ility to p e r f o r m p r o ­
f e s s io n a l d u tie s s u c h as th o s e e n u m e ra te d a b o v e .)




45

46

A C COUN TA N T— C on tin ued

In a d d itio n to su ch p r o f e s s io n a l w o rk , m o s t a cco u n ta n ts a r e a ls o r e s p o n s ib le f o r
a s s u r in g the p r o p e r r e c o r d in g and d o c u m e n ta tio n o f t r a n s a c t io n s in the a c c o u n ts .
T h ey,
t h e r e fo r e , fr e q u e n t ly d i r e c t n o n p r o fe s s io n a l p e r s o n n e l in the a c tu a l d a y - t o - d a y m a in te n a n ce
o f b o o k s o f a c c o u n ts , the a c c u m u la tio n o f c o s t o r o th e r c o m p a r a b le data, the p r e p a r a t io n
o f sta n d a rd r e p o r t s and sta te m e n ts, and s i m il a r w o r k . (P o s it io n s in v o lv in g su ch s u p e r v is o r y
w o r k but n ot in clu d in g p r o f e s s io n a l d u ties as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , a r e n ot in clu d e d in this
d e s c r ip t io n .)
E x clu d e d a r e a cco u n ta n ts w h o s e p r in c ip a l o r s o le d u tie s c o n s is t o f d e s ig n in g o r
im p r o v in g a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s o r o th e r n o n o p e r a tin g s ta ff w o rk , e. g. , fin a n c ia l a n a ly s is ,
fin a n c ia l f o r e c a s t in g , ta x a d v is in g , e t c .
(T h e c r i t e r i a that fo llo w f o r d is tin g u is h in g a m on g
the s e v e r a l le v e ls o f w o r k a r e in a p p r o p r ia te f o r su ch j o b s . )
N ote, h o w e v e r , that p r o f e s ­
s io n a l a cco u n ta n t p o s it io n s w ith r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r r e c o r d in g o r r e p o r t in g a c c o u n tin g da ta
r e la t iv e to ta x e s a r e in clu d e d , as a r e o p e r a tin g o r c o s t a cco u n ta n ts w h o s e w o r k in c lu d e s ,
but is not lim it e d to, im p r o v e m e n t o f the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .

S o m e a cco u n ta n ts u se e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s in g e q u ip m e n t to p r o c e s s , r e c o r d , and
r e p o r t a c c o u n tin g data.
In s o m e su ch c a s e s the m a ch in e u nit is a su b o r d in a te s e g m e n t o f
the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m ; in o th e r s it is a s e p a r a te en tity o r is a tta ch ed to s o m e o th e r o r g a n i ­
z a tio n .
In e it h e r in s ta n c e , p r o v id in g the p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y o f the p o s it io n is p r o f e s ­
s io n a l a c c o u n tin g w o r k o f the type o th e r w is e in clu d e d , the u s e o f data p r o c e s s i n g eq u ip m e n t
o f any type d o e s n ot o f it s e lf e x c lu d e a p o s it io n fr o m the a c c o u n ta n t d e s c r ip t i o n n o r d o e s it
ch a n g e its le v e l.

A c co u n ta n t I
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
A t th is b e g in n in g p r o f e s s io n a l le v e l, the a c c o u n ta n t le a r n s
to ap p ly the p r in c ip le s , t h e o r ie s , and c o n c e p ts o f a c c o u n tin g to a s p e c i f i c s y s t e m .
The
p o s it io n is d is tin g u is h a b le f r o m n o n p r o fe s s io n a l p o s it io n s b y the v a r ie t y o f a s s ig n m e n t s ; ra te
and s c o p e o f d e v e lo p m e n t e x p e c te d o f the in cu m b e n t; and the e x is t e n c e , im p lic it o r e x p lic it ,
o f a p la n n ed tr a in in g p r o g r a m d e s ig n e d to g iv e the e n te r in g a c c o u n ta n t p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e .
(T e r m in a l p o s it io n s a r e e x c lu d e d .)
D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
W o rk s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o f an e x p e r ie n c e d a cco u n ta n t
w h o s e g u id a n ce is d ir e c t e d p r im a r i ly to the d e v e lo p m e n t o f the t r a i n e e ’ s p r o f e s s io n a l a b ility
and to the e v a lu a tio n o f h is p o te n tia l f o r a d v a n c e m e n t.
L im its o f a s s ig n m e n ts a r e c le a r ly
d e fin e d , m e th o d s o f p r o c e d u r e a r e s p e c ifie d , and k in d s o f ite m s to be n oted and r e f e r r e d
to s u p e r v i s o r a r e id e n tifie d .
T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f a c c o u n tin g ta sk s su ch
a s : E x a m in in g a v a r ie t y o f fin a n c ia l s ta te m e n ts f o r c o m p le t e n e s s , in te r n a l a c c u r a c y , and
c o n fo r m a n c e w ith u n ifo r m a c c o u n tin g c la s s if i c a t io n s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a c c o u n tin g r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts ; r e c o n c i lin g r e p o r t s and fin a n c ia l data w ith fin a n c ia l s ta te m e n ts a lr e a d y on f ile , and
p o in tin g ou t a p p a re n t in c o n s is t e n c ie s o r e r r o r s ; c a r r y in g ou t a s s ig n e d ste p s in an a c c o u n tin g
a n a ly s is , su ch as co m p u tin g sta n d a rd r a t i o s ; a s s e m b lin g and s u m m a r iz in g a c c o u n tin g l i t e r a ­
tu r e on a g iv e n s u b je c t ; p r e p a r in g r e la t iv e ly s im p le fin a n c ia l sta te m e n ts , n ot in v o lv in g p r o b ­
le m s o f a n a ly s is o r p r e s e n ta tio n ; and p r e p a r in g c h a r t s , ta b le s , and o th e r e x h ib its to be u se d
in r e p o r t s .
In a d d itio n to su ch w o rk , m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e n o n p r o fe s s io n a l ta s k s f o r
tr a in in g p u r p o s e s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

U su a lly n on e.

A c co u n ta n t II
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
A t th is co n tin u in g d e v e lo p m e n ta l le v e l the p r o f e s s io n a l
a c c o u n ta n t m a k e s p r a c t ic a l a p p lic a t io n s o f te c h n ic a l a c c o u n tin g p r a c t i c e s and c o n c e p t s b e y o n d
the m e r e a p p lic a t io n o f d e t a ile d r u le s and in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to expan d
h is p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e and to d e v e lo p h is p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m e n t in the a p p lic a t io n o f b a s i c




47
A C COUN TA N T— C on tin ued

a c c o u n tin g te c h n iq u e s to s im p le p r o f e s s io n a l p r o b le m s .
He is e x p e c t e d to b e c o m p e te n t in
the a p p lic a t io n o f sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s and r e q u ir e m e n t s to ro u tin e t r a n s a c t io n s , to r a is e
q u e s tio n s abou t u n u su al o r q u e s tio n a b le it e m s , and to s u g g e s t s o lu t io n s . (T e r m in a l p o s it io n s
a r e e x c lu d e d .)

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
W ork is r e v ie w e d c l o s e l y to v e r i f y its g e n e r a l a c c u r a c y and
c o v e r a g e o f u nu su al p r o b le m s , to in s u r e c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s and s p e c ia l
in s t r u c t io n s , and to a s s u r e h is p r o f e s s io n a l g ro w th . H is p r o g r e s s is ev a lu a te d in t e r m s o f
h is a b ility to a p p ly h is p r o f e s s io n a l k n o w le d g e to b a s i c a c c o u n tin g p r o b le m s in the d a y - t o - d a y
o p e r a t io n s o f an e s t a b lis h e d a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f a c c o u n tin g ta s k s , e . g . ,
p r e p a r e s ro u tin e w o rk in g p a p e r s , s c h e d u le s , e x h ib its , and s u m m a r ie s in d ic a tin g the e x ten t o f
h is e x a m in a tio n , and p r e s e n tin g and su p p o r tin g h is fin d in g s and r e c o m m e n d a t io n s . E x a m in e s
a v a r ie t y o f a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts to v e r ify a c c u r a c y o f c o m p u ta tio n s and to a s c e r t a in that
a ll tr a n s a c t io n s a r e p r o p e r l y s u p p o r te d , a r e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p e r tin e n t p o l i c i e s and p r o c e ­
d u r e s , and a r e c l a s s i f i e d and r e c o r d e d a c c o r d in g to a c c e p t a b le a c c o u n tin g s ta n d a r d s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
a fe w c l e r k s .

U s u a lly

n on e,

alth ou g h

he m a y

s u p e r v is e

A c co u n ta n t III
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
P e r f o r m s p r o f e s s io n a l o p e r a tin g o r c o s t a c c o u n tin g w o rk
r e q u ir in g the sta n d a r d iz e d a p p lic a t io n o f w e ll e s t a b lis h e d a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s , t h e o r ie s ,
c o n c e p t s , and p r a c t i c e s .
R e c e iv e s d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s c o n c e r n in g the o v e r a ll a c c o u n tin g
s y s t e m and its o b je c t iv e s , the p o l i c i e s and p r o c e d u r e s u n d e r w h ich it is o p e r a t e d , and the
n a tu re o f c h a n g e s in the s y s t e m o r its o p e r a t io n . C h a r a c t e r is t ic a ll y , the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m
o r a s s ig n e d s e g m e n t is sta b le and w e ll e s t a b lis h e d (i. e . , the b a s i c c h a r t o f a c c o u n ts , c l a s ­
s ific a t io n s , the n a tu re o f the c o s t a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m , the r e p o r t r e q u ir e m e n t s , and the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e c h a n g ed in fr e q u e n tly ).

D ep e n d in g u pon the w o r k lo a d in v o lv e d , the a cc o u n ta n t m a y h a v e su ch a s s ig n m e n ts
as s u p e r v is io n o f the d a y - t o - d a y o p e r a t io n o f : (a) The e n tir e s y s t e m o f a s u b o r d in a te e s ­
ta b lish m e n t, o r (b) a m a jo r s e g m e n t (e g . , g e n e r a l a c c o u n tin g ; c o s t a c c o u n tin g ; o r fin a n c ia l
s ta te m e n ts and r e p o r t s ) o f a s o m e w h a t l a r g e r s y s t e m , o r (c ) in a v e r y la r g e and c o m p le x
s y s t e m , m a y b e a s s ig n e d to a r e la t iv e ly n a r r o w and s p e c ia liz e d s e g m e n t d e a lin g w ith s o m e
p r o b le m , fu n c tio n , o r p o r t io n o f w o rk w h ich is i t s e lf o f the le v e l o f d iffic u lty c h a r a c t e r is t ic
o f th is le v e l.

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
A
to fu r n is h a d v ic e and a s s is t a n c e
qu a cy o f p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m e n t,
p r a is a l o f r e s u lt s , su b s e q u e n t
a p p r o p r ia te m e a n s .

h ig h e r l e v e l p r o f e s s io n a l a cco u n ta n t n o r m a lly is a v a ila b le
as n e e d e d . W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r te c h n ic a l a c c u r a c y , a d e ­
and c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s th rou g h s p o t c h e c k s , a p ­
p r o c e s s in g , a n a ly s is o f r e p o r t s and s ta te m e n ts , and o th e r

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
The p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y o f m o s t p o s it io n s
at th is l e v e l is to a s s u r e that the a s s ig n e d d a y -t o -d a y o p e r a t io n s a r e c a r r i e d out in a c c o r d ­
a n ce w ith e s t a b lis h e d a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s , p o l i c i e s , and o b j e c t iv e s . T he a cco u n ta n t p e r f o r m s
su ch p r o f e s s io n a l w o rk a s : D e v e lo p in g n o n s ta n d a rd r e p o r t s and s ta te m e n ts ( e . g . , th o s e c o n ­
tain in g c a s h f o r e c a s t s r e fle c t in g the in t e r r e la t io n s o f a c c o u n tin g , c o s t b u d g etin g , o r c o m p a ­
r a b le in fo r m a t io n ); in te r p r e tin g and p oin tin g out tr e n d s o r d e v ia t io n s fr o m s t a n d a r d s ; p r o ­
je c t in g da ta in to the fu tu r e ; p r e d ic t in g the e ffe c t s o f ch a n g e s in o p e r a tin g p r o g r a m s ; o r
id e n tify in g xnanagem ent in fo r m a t io n a l n e e d s , and r e fin in g a c c o u n t s t r u c t u r e s o r r e p o r t s
a c c o r d in g ly .




48

A C C OUN T A N T— C ont inued

W ithin the lim it s o f h is d e le g a t e d r e s p o n s ib ilit y , m a k e s d a y - t o - d a y d e c is i o n s c o n ­
c e r n in g the a c c o u n tin g tr e a tm e n t o f fin a n c ia l t r a n s a c t io n s .
Is e x p e c te d to r e c o m m e n d s o l u ­
tion s to c o m p le x p r o b le m s and p r o p o s e ch a n g es in the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m f o r a p p r o v a l at
h ig h e r l e v e l s .
S u ch r e c o m m e n d a tio n s a r e d e r iv e d fr o m h is ow n k n o w le d g e o f the a p p lic a t io n
o f w e ll-e s t a b lis h e d p r in c ip le s and p r a c t i c e s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
o f a s u b o r d in a te n o n p r o fe s s io n a l sta ff.

In m o s t

in s t a n c e s he d ir e c t s the w o r k

A c co u n ta n t IV
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
P e r f o r m s p r o f e s s io n a l o p e r a t in g o r c o s t a c c o u n tin g w o r k
w h ich r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a t io n o f w e ll-e s t a b lis h e d a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s , t h e o r ie s , c o n c e p t s ,
and p r a c t ic e s to a w id e v a r ie t y o f d iffic u lt p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s in s t r u c t io n s c o n c e r n in g the
o b je c t iv e s and o p e r a t io n s o f the o v e r a ll a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .
A t th is le v e l, c o m p a r e d w ith
le v e l III, the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o r a s s ig n e d se g m e n t is m o r e c o m p le x , i. e . , (a) is r e la t iv e ly
u n s ta b le , (b) m u s t a d ju s t to n ew o r ch a n g in g c o m p a n y o p e r a t io n s , (c ) s e r v e s o r g a n iz a tio n s
o f u n u su a lly la r g e s i z e , £ r (d) is c o m p lic a t e d b y the n eed to p r o v id e and c o o r d in a te s e p a r a te
o r s p e c ia liz e d a c c o u n tin g tr e a tm e n t and r e p o r t in g (e . g. , c o s t a c c o u n tin g u sin g sta n d a rd c o s t ,
p r o c e s s c o s t , and jo b o r d e r te c h n iq u e s ) f o r d iffe r e n t o p e r a t io n s o r d iv is io n s o f c o m p a n y .
D ep e n d in g u p on the w o r k lo a d and d e g r e e o f c o o r d in a t io n in v o lv e d , the a cco u n ta n t IV
m a y h ave su ch a s s ig n m e n ts as the s u p e r v is io n o f the d a y - t o - d a y o p e r a t io n o f : (a) T he e n tir e
a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f a s u b o r d in a te e sta b lis h m e n t, o r (b) a m a jo r s e g m e n t (e . g . , g e n e r a l
a c c o u n tin g ; c o s t a c c o u n tin g ; o r fin a n c ia l s ta te m e n ts and r e p o r t s ) o f an a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m
s e r v in g a la r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x e s ta b lis h m e n t, o r (c ) the e n tir e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f
a la r g e ( e . g . , e m p lo y in g s e v e r a l th ou san d p e r s o n s ) s u b o r d in a te e s t a b lis h m e n t w h ich in o th e r
r e s p e c t s has an a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f the c o m p le x it y that c h a r a c t e r iz e s le v e l III.
D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d . A h ig h e r le v e l a cco u n ta n t n o r m a lly is a v a ila b le to fu r n is h a d v ic e
and a s s is t a n c e as n e e d e d .
W ork is r e v ie w e d b y sp ot c h e c k s and a p p r a is a l o f r e s u lt s f o r
a d e q u a cy o f p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and o v e r a ll a c c u r a c y and
q u a lity .
T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
A s at le v e l III, a p r im a r y c h a r a c t e r is t ic o f
m o s t p o s it io n s at th is le v e l is the r e s p o n s ib ilit y o f o p e r a t in g an a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o r m a jo r
s e g m e n t o f a s y s t e m in the in ten ded m a n n e r .
T he a c c o u n ta n t IV e x e r c i s e s p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m e n t in m a k in g fr e q u e n t a p p r o p r ia te
r e c o m m e n d a tio n s f o r : N ew a c c o u n t s ; r e v is io n s in the a c c o u n t s t r u c t u r e ; new ty p e s o f l e d g e r s ;
r e v is io n s in r e p o r t in g s y s t e m o r s u b s id ia r y r e c o r d s ; ch a n g e s in in s t r u c t io n s r e g a r d in g the
u se o f a c c o u n t s ; n ew o r r e fin e d a c c o u n t c la s s if i c a t io n s o r d e fin it io n s ; e t c .
He a ls o m a k e s
d a y - t o - d a y d e c is i o n s c o n c e r n in g the a c c o u n tin g tr e a tm e n t o f fin a n c ia l tr a n s a c t io n s and is
e x p e c te d to r e c o m m e n d s o lu tio n s to c o m p le x p r o b le m s b e y o n d the s c o p e o f h is r e s p o n s ib ilit y .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
in clu d e p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts .

A c c o u n tin g s t a ff he s u p e r v is e s , i f any, m a y

A c co u n ta n t V
G eneral c h a r a c te r is tic s .
P e r f o r m s p r o f e s s io n a l o p e r a t in g o r c o s t a c c o u n tin g w o r k
w h ich is o f g r e a t e r than a v e r a g e p r o f e s s io n a l d iffic u lt y and r e s p o n s ib ilit y b e c a u s e o f the
p r e s e n c e o f u n u su al and n o v e l p r o b le m s o r the u nu su al m a g n itu d e o r im p a c t o f the a c c o u n tin g
program .
T y p ic a lly th is le v e l o f d iffic u lt y a r is e s fr o m (a) the la r g e s i z e o f the a c c o u n tin g
and o p e r a t in g o r g a n iz a tio n , (b) the a t y p ic a l n a tu re o f the a c c o u n tin g p r o b le m s e n c o u n te r e d ,
o r (c ) the u n u su a lly g r e a t in v o lv e m e n t in a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s d e s ig n and d e v e lo p m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f a s s ig n m e n ts c h a r a c t e r is t ic o f th is l e v e l a r e the s u p e r v is io n o f the
d a y - t o - d a y o p e r a t io n o f :
(a) T he e n tir e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f a su b o r d in a te e s t a b lis h m e n t
h av in g an u n u su a lly n o v e l and c o m p le x a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m , o r (b) the e n tir e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m
o f a la r g e ( e . g . , e m p lo y in g s e v e r a l th ou san d p e r s o n s ) su b o r d in a te e s t a b lis h m e n t w h ich in




49
A C COUN T A N T— C on tin ued

o th e r r e s p e c t s has an a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f the c o m p le x it y that c h a r a c t e r iz e s le v e l IV, o r
(c ) the e n tir e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o f a c o m p a n y o r c o r p o r a t io n that has a r e la t iv e ly sta b le
and c o n v e n tio n a l a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m and e m p lo y s s e v e r a l th ou san d p e r s o n s and h as a fe w
su b o r d in a te e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ich in clu d e a c c o u n tin g u n its, o r (d) a m a jo r s e g m e n t o f an
a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m that su b s ta n tia lly e x c e e d s the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r ib e d in any on e o f the
p r e c e d in g e x a m p le s .

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
A n a cco u n ta n t o f h ig h e r l e v e l n o r m a lly is a v a ila b le to fu r n is h
a d v ic e and a s s is t a n c e as n e e d e d .
W ork is r e v ie w e d f o r a d e q u a c y o f p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m e n t,
c o m p lia n c e w ith in s t r u c t io n s , and o v e r a ll q u a lity .

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s ib ili t y . T he w o r k is c h a r a c t e r iz e d b y its u n u su al d iffic u lt y
o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y . A c co u n ta n ts V t y p ic a lly a r e d ir e c t ly c o n c e r n e d on a r e la t iv e ly con tin u ou s
b a s is w ith w hat the n a tu re o f the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m sh ou ld b e , w ith the d e v is in g o r r e v is in g
o f the o p e r a tin g a c c o u n tin g p o l i c i e s and p r o c e d u r e s that a r e n e c e s s a r y , and w ith the m a n a ­
g e r ia l as w e ll as the a c c o u n tin g m e a n in g o f the r e p o r t s and s ta te m e n ts f o r w h ich he is r e ­
s p o n s ib le .
A c co u n ta n ts V a r e n e c e s s a r il y d e e p ly in v o lv e d in fu n d a m en ta l and c o m p le x a c ­
cou n tin g m a tt e r s and in the m a n a g e r ia l p r o b le m s that a r e a ffe c t e d .

R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
c lu d e s p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts .

A c c o u n tin g s t a ff he s u p e r v is e s g e n e r a lly in ­

A U D IT O R *
1

P e r f o r m s p r o f e s s io n a l a u ditin g w o r k r e q u ir in g a b a c h e l o r 's d e g r e e in a c c o u n tin g o r ,
in r a r e in s t a n c e s , e q u iv a le n t e x p e r ie n c e and e d u ca tio n c o m b in e d . A u d its the fin a n c ia l r e c o r d s
and p r a c t i c e s o f a c o m p a n y , o r o f d iv is io n s o r c o m p o n e n ts o f the c o m p a n y , to a p p r a is e
s y s t e m a t ic a lly and v e r if y the a c c o u n tin g a c c u r a c y o f r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s and to a s s u r e the
c o n s is t e n t a p p lic a t io n o f a c c e p t e d a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s . E v a lu a te s the a d e q u a cy o f the a c ­
cou n tin g s y s t e m and in te r n a l fin a n c ia l c o n t r o l.
M ak es a p p r o p r ia te r e c o m m e n d a tio n s f o r
im p r o v e m e n t as n e c e s s a r y .
T o the e x ten t d e t e r m in e d n e c e s s a r y , e x a m in e s the tr a n s a c t io n s
e n te r in g in to the b a la n c e s h e e t and the t r a n s a c t io n s e n te r in g in to in c o m e , e x p e n s e , and c o s t
a c c o u n ts .
D e t e r m in e s :

(1)
T h e e x is t e n c e o f r e c o r d e d a s s e t s (in clu d in g the o b s e r v a t io n o f
p h y s ic a l in v e n to r ie s ) and the a l l- in c l u s iv e n e s s o f r e c o r d e d lia b i lit i e s .

the

takin g

of

(2)
The a c c u r a c y o f fin a n c ia l s ta te m e n ts o r r e p o r t s and the f a i r n e s s o f p r e s e n ta tio n
o f fa c t s th e r e in .
(3)

The p r o p r ie t y o r le g a lity o f t r a n s a c t io n s .

(4)
The d e g r e e o f c o m p lia n c e w ith e s t a b lis h e d p o l i c i e s and p r o c e d u r e s c o n c e r n in g
fin a n c ia l t r a n s a c t io n s .

E x clu d e d a r e p o s it io n s w h ich d o n ot r e q u ir e fu ll p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n tin g tra in in g
b e c a u s e the w o r k is c o n fin e d on a r e la t iv e ly p e r m a n e n t b a s is to r e p e tit iv e e x a m in a tio n s o f
a lim ite d a r e a o f co m p a n y o p e r a t io n s and a c c o u n tin g p r o c e s s e s , e. g . , on ly a c c o u n ts p a y a b le
and r e c e iv a b le ; d e m u r r a g e r e c o r d s and r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , o r sta tio n o p e r a t io n s o n ly o f a r a i l ­
r o a d c o m p a n y ; b r a n c h o f f i c e s w h ich do not en g a g e in the fu ll ra n g e o f banking and a c c o u n tin g
a c t iv it ie s o f the m a in b a n k ; w a r e h o u s e o p e r a t io n s on ly o f a m a il o r d e r c o m p a n y ; c h e c k in g
tr a n s a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r o r n ot th ey c o n fo r m to p r e s c r i b e d r o u tin e s o r p r o c e d u r e s .
(E x a m in a tio n s o f su ch r e p e t it iv e o r lim ite d n a tu re n o r m a lly d o n ot r e q u ir e o r p e r m it p r o ­
fe s s io n a l au dit w o r k to b e p e r f o r m e d .)




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A U D IT O R — C on tin u ed

A u d ito r I
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
A s a tr a in e e a u d ito r at
p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f ro u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts .
T y p ic a lly , he
ta sk s u n d er a pla n n ed tr a in in g p r o g r a m d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e
the p r in c ip le s , t h e o r ie s , and c o n c e p ts o f a c c o u n tin g and
(T e r m in a l p o s it io n s a r e e x c lu d e d .)

the e n te r in g p r o f e s s io n a l le v e l,
is r o ta te d th rou g h a v a r ie t y o f
p r a c t ic a l e x p e r ie n c e in a p p ly in g
au d itin g to s p e c if i c s itu a tio n s .

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
W o rk s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o f an e x p e r ie n c e d a u d ito r w h o s e
g u id a n ce is d ir e c t e d p r im a r i ly to the d e v e lo p m e n t o f the tr a in e e * s p r o f e s s io n a l a b ility and to
the e v a lu a tio n o f h is p o te n tia l f o r a d v a n c e m e n t.
L im its o f a s s ig n m e n ts a r e c l e a r l y d e fin e d ,
m e th o d s o f p r o c e d u r e a r e s p e c ifie d , and k in ds o f ite m s to b e n oted and r e f e r r e d to s u p e r ­
v i s o r a r e id e n tifie d .
T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
A s s is t s in m a k in g a u dits by p e r fo r m in g su ch
ta sk s a s : V e r if ic a t io n o f the a c c u r a c y o f the b a la n c e s in v a r io u s r e c o r d s ; e x a m in a tio n o f
a v a r ie t y o f ty p e s o f d o c u m e n ts and v o u c h e r s f o r a c c u r a c y o f c o m p u ta tio n s ; c h e c k in g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s to a s s u r e th ey a r e p r o p e r l y d o c u m e n te d and h a v e b e e n r e c o r d e d in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
c o r r e c t a c c o u n tin g c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s ; v e r ify in g the cou n t o f in v e n t o r ie s ; p r e p a r in g d e t a ile d
s ta te m e n ts , s c h e d u le s , and sta n d a rd au dit w o rk in g p a p e r s ; cou n tin g c a s h and o th e r a s s e t s ;
p r e p a r in g s im p le r e c o n c i lia t io n s ; and s im ila r fu n c tio n s .
A u d ito r II
G en eral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
A t th is co n tin u in g d e v e lo p m e n ta l le v e l the p r o f e s s io n a l
a u d ito r s e r v e s as a ju n io r m e m b e r o f an au dit tea m , in d ep en d en tly p e r fo r m in g s e le c t e d p o r ­
tio n s o f the audit w h ich a r e lim ite d in s c o p e and c o m p le x it y .
A u d it o r s at th is le v e l ty p ic a lly
h av e a c q u ir e d k n o w le d g e o f co m p a n y o p e r a t io n s , p o l i c i e s , and p r o c e d u r e s . (T e r m in a l p o s i ­
tio n s a r e e x c lu d e d .)

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
D e ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s a r e fu r n is h e d and the w o r k is r e v ie w e d
to the e x ten t n e c e s s a r y to v e r if y its g e n e r a l a c c u r a c y and c o v e r a g e o f u n u su al p r o b le m s , to
in s u r e c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s and s p e c ia l in s t r u c t io n s , and to a s s u r e the
a u d it o r 's p r o f e s s io n a l g ro w th .
A n y te c h n ic a l p r o b le m s n ot c o v e r e d b y in s t r u c t io n s a r e
b r o u g h t to the a tten tion o f a s u p e r io r . H is p r o g r e s s is e v a lu a te d in t e r m s o f h is a b ility to
ap ply h is p r o f e s s io n a l k n o w le d g e to b a s i c au ditin g s itu a tio n s .

T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g th e o r y and
au dit p r a c t ic e s to a v a r ie t y o f r e la t iv e ly s im p le p r o f e s s io n a l p r o b le m s in h is au dit a s s i g n ­
m e n ts , in clu d in g s u c h ta sk s a s :
The v e r if i c a t io n o f r e p o r t s a g a in s t s o u r c e a c c o u n ts and
r e c o r d s to d e t e r m in e th e ir r e lia b ili t y ; r e c o n c i lia t io n o f bank and o th e r a c c o u n ts and v e r i ­
fy in g the d e ta il o f r e c o r d e d t r a n s a c t io n s ; d e t a ile d e x a m in a tio n s o f c a s h r e c e ip t s and d i s b u r s e ­
m e n t v o u c h e r s , p a y r o ll r e c o r d s , r e q u is it io n s , w o r k o r d e r s , r e c e iv in g r e p o r t s , and o th e r
a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n ts to a s c e r t a in that t r a n s a c t io n s a r e p r o p e r l y su p p o r te d and a r e r e c o r d e d
c o r r e c t l y fr o m an a c c o u n tin g o r r e g u la t o r y sta n d p oin t; o r p r e p a r in g w o rk in g p a p e r s , s c h e d ­
u le s , and s u m m a r ie s .

A u d ito r III
G eneral c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
W ork at this l e v e l c o n s is t s o f the au dit o f o p e r a t io n s and
a c c o u n tin g p r o c e s s e s that a r e r e la t iv e ly s ta b le , w e ll-e s t a b lis h e d , and ty p ic a l o f the in d u s tr y .
The au dits p r im a r i ly in v o lv e the c o lle c t io n and a n a ly s is o f r e a d ily a v a ila b le fin d in g s ; th e r e is
p r e v io u s audit e x p e r ie n c e that is d ir e c t ly a p p lic a b le ; the au dit r e p o r t s a r e n o r m a lly p r e p a r e d
in a p r e s c r i b e d fo r m a t u sin g a sta n d a rd m eth od o f p r e s e n t a t io n ; and fe w if any m a jo r p r o b ­
le m s a r e a n ticip a te d . The w o rk p e r fo r m e d r e q u ir e s the a p p lic a t io n o f s u b s ta n tia l k n o w le d g e s
o f a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s and p r a c t ic e s , e . g . , b a s e s f o r d is tin g u is h in g a m on g c a p it a l m a in ­
te n a n ce and o p e r a tin g e x p e n s e s ; a c c r u in g r e s e r v e s f o r t a x e s ; and o th e r a c c o u n tin g c o n s i d e r a ­
tion s o f an e q u iv a le n t n a tu re.




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A U D IT O R — C on tin u ed

D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
W ork is n o r m a lly w ith in an e s t a b lis h e d audit p r o g r a m and
s u p e r v is io n is p r o v id e d by a h ig h e r le v e l a u d ito r w ho o u tlin e s and d i s c u s s e s a s s ig n m e n ts .
W ork is s p o t -c h e c k e d in p r o g r e s s .
C o m p le te d a s s ig n m e n ts a r e r e v ie w e d f o r a d e q u a cy o f
c o v e r a g e , s o u n d n e s s o f ju d g m en t, c o m p lia n c e w ith p r o f e s s io n a l s ta n d a r d s , and a d h e r e n c e
to p o l i c i e s .

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . The a u d ito r e x a m in e s tr a n s a c t io n s and v e r i f i e s
a c c o u n ts ; o b s e r v e s and e v a lu a te s a c c o u n tin g p r o c e d u r e s and in te r n a l c o n t r o l s ; p r e p a r e s au dit
w o rk in g p a p e r s and su b m its an au dit r e p o r t in the r e q u ir e d p a tte r n co n ta in in g r e c o m m e n d a ­
tio n s f o r n e e d e d c h a n g e s o r im p r o v e m e n ts .
He is u s u a lly r e s p o n s ib le f o r s e le c t in g the d e ­
ta ile d au dit m e th o d s to fo llo w , c h o o s in g the audit s a m p le and its s i z e , d e t e r m in in g the ex ten t
to w h ich d is c r e p a n c ie s n e e d to b e in v e s tig a te d , and d e c id in g the d ep th o f the a n a ly s e s r e q u ir e d
to s u p p o r t r e p o r t e d fin d in g s and c o n c lu s io n s .

E x a m p le s o f a s s ig n m e n ts in v o lv in g w o r k o f th is l e v e l :
(1)
A s a tea m le a d e r o r w o rk in g
p le t e a c c o u n ts and r e la t e d o p e r a t io n s
v o lv in g a c e n t r a liz e d a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m
a c c o u n tin g r e c o r d s ) o r o f c o m p a r a b le

a lo n e , in d ep en d en tly c o n d u c ts au d its o f the c o m ­
o f s m a ll e r o r l e s s c o m p le x c o m p a n ie s (e . g. , i n ­
w ith fe w o r no su b o r d in a te , s u b s id ia r y , o r b r a n c h
s e g m e n ts o f l a r g e r c o m p a n ie s .

(2)
A s a m e m b e r o f an au dit tea m in d ep en d en tly a c c o m p lis h e s v a r ie d au dit a s s i g n ­
m e n ts o f the a b o v e d e s c r ib e d c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , ty p ic a lly m a jo r s e g m e n ts o f c o m p le t e
a u d its, o r a s s ig n m e n ts o th e r w is e lim ite d in s c o p e o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x c o m p a n ie s
( e . g . , c o m p le x in that the a cco u n tin g s y s t e m e n ta ils c o s t , in v e n to r y , and c o m p a r a b le
s p e c ia liz e d s y s t e m s in te g ra te d w ith the g e n e r a l a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m ).

Illu s tr a tiv e o f su ch a s s ig n m e n ts a r e the au dit and in itia l r e v ie w o f a c c o u n tin g tr e a tm e n t and
v a lid ity o f r e p o r t in g o f o v e r h e a d e x p e n s e s in a la r g e m a n u fa c tu r in g o r m a in te n a n ce o r g a n i­
z a tio n ( e . g . , m a jo r r e p a ir y a r d o f a r a ilr o a d ); o r , the c h e c k in g , v e r ifi c a t io n , and b a la n c in g
o f a ll a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le and a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; o r , the a n a ly s is and v e r if i c a t io n o f a s s e t s
and r e s e r v e s ; o r , the in s p e c tio n and e v a lu a tio n o f a c c o u n tin g c o n t r o ls and p r o c e d u r e s .

A u d ito r IV
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . A u d ito r s at th is le v e l a r e e x p e r ie n c e d p r o f e s s io n a ls w ho
ap ply th o ro u g h k n o w le d g e o f a c c o u n tin g p r in c ip le s and th e o r y in c o n n e c t io n w ith a v a r ie t y o f
a u d its.
W ork at th is le v e l is c h a r a c t e r iz e d by the au dit o f o r g a n iz a tio n s and a c c o u n tin g
p r o c e s s e s w h ich a r e c o m p le x and d iffic u lt b e c a u s e o f su ch f a c t o r s a s : P r e s e n c e o f n ew o r
ch a n g ed p r o g r a m s and a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s ; e x is t e n c e o f m a jo r s p e c ia liz e d a c c o u n tin g fu n c tio n s
( e . g . , c o s t a c c o u n tin g , in v e n to r y a cco u n tin g , s a le s a c c o u n tin g ), in a d d itio n to g e n e r a l a c ­
co u n tin g ; n eed to c o n s id e r e x te n s iv e and c o m p lic a t e d r e g u la t o r y r e q u ir e m e n t s ; la c k o f o r
d iffic u lty in ob ta in in g in fo r m a t io n ; and o th e r s im ila r f a c t o r s . T y p ic a lly , a v a r ie t y o f d iffe r e n t
a s s ig n m e n ts a r e e n c o u n te r e d o v e r a p e r io d o f tim e , e . g . , 1 y e a r . The au dit r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
a r e c o m p r e h e n s iv e , e x p la in i r r e g u la r it i e s , c it e r u le s o r r e g u la tio n s v io la t e d , r e c o m m e n d
r e m e d ia l a c tio n s , and c o n ta in a n a ly s e s o f ite m s o f s p e c ia l im p o r t a n c e o r in t e r e s t to co m p a n y
m a n a g e m e n t.
D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .
W ithin an e s t a b lis h e d audit p r o g r a m , h ave r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
in d ep en d en tly p la n n in g and e x e cu tin g a u d its.
U n u su ally d iffic u lt p r o b le m s a r e d is c u s s e d w ith
the s u p e r v is o r w ho a ls o r e v ie w s c o m p le t e d a s s ig n m e n ts f o r a d h e r e n c e to p r in c ip le s and
sta n d a rd s and the so u n d n e s s o f c o n c lu s io n s .
T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
A u d ito r s at th is le v e l h ave fu ll r e s p o n s ib ilit y
fo r plann in g the audit, in clu d in g d e t e r m in a tio n o f the a s p e c ts to e m p h a s iz e , m e th o d s to be
u sed , d e v e lo p m e n t o f n on sta n d a rd o r s p e c ia liz e d au dit a id s su ch as q u e s t io n n a ir e s , e t c . ,
w h e re p r e v io u s au dit e x p e r ie n c e and pla n s a r e o f lim ite d a p p lic a b ilit y .




52
A U D IT O R — C on tinu ed

In clu d ed in the s c o p e o f w o r k that c h a r a c t e r iz e s th is le v e l a r e s u c h fu n c tio n s a s :
E v a lu a tio n o f m e th o d s u se d f o r d e t e r m in in g d e p r e c ia t io n r a te s o f e q u ip m e n t; e v a lu a tio n o f
a s s e t s w h e r e o r ig in a l c o s t s a r e unknow n; ev a lu a tio n o f the r e lia b ili t y o f a c c o u n tin g and r e ­
p o r tin g s y s t e m s ; a n a ly s is o f c o s t a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s and c o s t r e p o r t s to ev a lu a te the b a s is
f o r c o s t and p r i c e s e ttin g ; e v a lu a tio n o f a c c o u n tin g p r o c u r e m e n t and su p p ly m a n a g e m e n t
r e c o r d s , c o n t r o ls , and p r o c e d u r e s ; and m any o t h e r s .

E x a m p le s o f a s s ig n m e n ts in v o lv in g w o r k at th is le v e l :
(1)
A s a te a m le a d e r o r w o rk in g a lo n e , in d ep en d en tly p la n s and c o n d u c ts au dits o f
the c o m p le t e a c c o u n ts and r e la t e d o p e r a tio n s o f r e la t iv e ly la r g e and c o m p le x c o m p a n ie s
( e . g . , c o m p le x in that the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m e n ta ils c o s t , in v e n to r y , and c o m p a r a b le
s p e c ia liz e d a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s in te g ra te d w ith the g e n e r a l a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m ) o r o f c o m ­
pany b r a n c h , s u b s id ia r y , o r a ffilia t e d o r g a n iz a tio n s w h ich a r e in d iv id u a lly o f c o m p a r a b le
s iz e and c o m p le x it y , o r
(2)
A s a m e m b e r o f an au dit tea m in d ep en d en tly p la n s and a c c o m p lis h e s au dit a s ­
sig n m e n ts that c o n s titu te m a jo r s e g m e n ts o f au dits o f v e r y la r g e and c o m p le x o r g a n iz a ­
tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , th o s e w ith fin a n c ia l r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s s o g r e a t as to in v o lv e s p e c ia liz e d
s u b o r d in a te , s u b s id ia r y , o r a ffilia t e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s that a r e c o m p le t e in t h e m s e lv e s .
N O T E : E x clu d e d fr o m le v e l IV a r e a u d ito r s w ho, as te a m le a d e r o r w o rk in g a lo n e ,
c o n d u c t c o m p le t e au dits o f v e r y la r g e and c o m p le x o r g a n iz a tio n s , f o r e x a m p le , th o s e w ith
fin a n c ia l r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s s o g r e a t as to in v o lv e s p e c ia liz e d su b o r d in a te , s u b s id ia r y , o r a f ­
filia t e a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m s that a r e c o m p le t e in t h e m s e lv e s ; o r a r e te a m m e m b e r s a s s ig n e d
to m a jo r s e g m e n ts o f audits o f ev en la r g e r o r m o r e c o m p le x o r g a n iz a t io n s .

C H IE F A C C O U N T A N T *
1
A s the top te c h n ic a l e x p e r t in a c c o u n tin g , is r e s p o n s ib le f o r d ir e c t in g the a c c o u n tin g
p r o g r a m f o r a c o m p a n y o r f o r an e s ta b lis h m e n t o f a c o m p a n y .
The m in im u m a c c o u n tin g
p r o g r a m in c lu d e s : ( l ) G e n e r a l a c c o u n tin g ( a s s e t s , lia b i lit i e s , in c o m e , e x p e n s e , and c a p it a l
a c c o u n ts , in clu d in g r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r p r o fit and l o s s and b a la n c e s h e e t s t a t e m e n ts ); and
(2) at le a s t one o th e r m a jo r a c c o u n tin g a c tiv ity , t y p ic a lly tax a c c o u n tin g , c o s t a c c o u n tin g ,
p r o p e r t y a c c o u n tin g , o r s a le s a c c o u n tin g . It m a y a ls o in clu d e su ch o th e r a c t iv it ie s as p a y r o ll
and tim e k e e p in g , and m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s w h ich a r e an a d ju n ct
o f the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m .
(R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r an in te r n a l audit p r o g r a m is t y p ic a lly n ot
in clu d e d . )
The r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s

o f the c h ie f a cco u n ta n t in clu d e a ll o f the fo llo w in g :

(1)
On ow n r e s p o n s ib ilit y , d e v e lo p in g o r ad apting o r r e v is in g an a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m
to m e e t the n eed s o f the o r g a n iz a tio n .
(2)
S u p e r v is in g , e ith e r d ir e c t ly o r th rou g h su b o r d in a te s u p e r v i s o r s , the o p e r a t io n
o f the s y s t e m w ith fu ll m a n a g e m e n t r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the q u a lity and quantity o f w o r k
p e r fo r m e d , tr a in in g and d e v e lo p m e n t o f s u b o r d in a te s , w o r k s c h e d u lin g and r e v ie w , c o ­
o r d in a tio n w ith o th e r p a rts o f the o r g a n iz a tio n s e r v e d , e tc .
(3)
P r o v id in g d ir e c t ly o r th rou g h an o f f i c i a l su ch as a c o m p t r o ll e r , a d v is o r y s e r v ­
ic e s to the top m a n a g e m e n t o f f i c i a l s o f the o r g a n iz a tio n s e r v e d as to :




(a)
T h e statu s o f fin a n c ia l r e s o u r c e s
o p e r a t io n s as r e v e a le d by a cco u n tin g data,
that is m e a n in g fu l to m a n a g e m e n t.

and the fin a n c ia l tr e n d s o r r e s u lt s o f
and s e le c t in g a m a n n e r o f p r e s e n ta tio n

(b)
M eth od s f o r im p r o v in g o p e r a t io n s as s u g g e s te d by h is e x p e r t k n o w le d g e
o f a c c o u n tin g , e. g. , p r o p o s a ls fo r im p r o v in g c o s t c o n t r o l, p r o p e r t y m a n a g e m e n t,
c r e d i t and c o lle c t io n , tax re d u c tio n , o r s i m il ia r p r o g r a m s .

53
C H IE F A C C O U N T A N T — C on tin u ed

E x clu d e d a r e p o s it io n s w ith r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the a c c o u n tin g p r o g r a m i f th ey a ls o
in clu d e (a s a m a jo r p a r t o f the jo b ) r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r b u d g e tin g ; w o r k m e a s u r e m e n t ; o r g a n i­
za tio n , m e th o d s and p r o c e d u r e s s t u d ie s ; o r s i m il a r n o n a cc o u n tin g fu n c tio n s .
(P o s it io n s o f
su ch b r e a d th a r e s o m e t im e s title d c o m p t r o ll e r , bu d g et and a c c o u n tin g m a n a g e r , fin a n c ia l
m anager, e t c .)
S om e p o s it io n s r e s p o n s ib le f o r s u p e r v is in g g e n e r a l a c c o u n tin g and on e o r m o r e o th e r
m a jo r a c c o u n tin g a c t iv it ie s bu t w h ich do n ot fu lly m e e t a ll o f the r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s o f a c h ie f
a cco u n ta n t s p e c ifie d a b o v e m a y be c o v e r e d by the d e s c r ip t i o n s f o r a cco u n ta n t.
C h ie f a cco u n ta n t jo b s w h ich m e e t the a b o v e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y le v e l 26
o f w o r k a c c o r d in g to (a) a u th o rity and r e s p o n s ib ilit y and (b) te c h n ic a l c o m p le x it y , u s in g the
c h a r t w h ich fo llo w s the d e fin it io n s b e lo w .

A u th o r ity and R e s p o n s ib ilit y

A R - 1. T he a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m (i. e. , a c c o u n ts , p r o c e d u r e s , and r e p o r t s to b e u sed )
has b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in c o n s id e r a b le d e t a il by h ig h e r le v e ls in the c o m p a n y o r o r g a n iz a tio n .
The c h ie f a cco u n ta n t h as fin a l, u n r e v ie w e d a u th o rity w ith in the p r e s c r i b e d s y s t e m , to expand
it to fit the p a r t ic u la r n e e d s o f the o r g a n iz a tio n s e r v e d , e . g . , in the fo llo w in g o r c o m p a ­
r a b le w a y s ;
P r o v id e s

g r e a t e r d e t a il in a c c o u n ts and r e p o r t s o r fin a n c ia l s t a t e m e n ts ;

E s ta b lis h e s
r e c o r d s ; and

a d d itio n a l

a c c o u n tin g

c o n t r o ls ,

a c c o u n ts ,

s u b a c c o u n ts ,

and s u b s id ia r y

P r o v id e s s p e c ia l o r in te r im r e p o r t s and sta te m e n ts n e e d e d b y the m a n a g e r r e s p o n ­
s ib le f o r the d a y - t o - d a y o p e r a t io n s o f the o r g a n iz a tio n s e r v e d .

A R -2 .
The b a s i c a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m is p r e s c r i b e d in b r o a d o u tlin e s r a th e r than in
s p e c i f i c d e t a il.
W h ile c e r t a in m a jo r fin a n c ia l r e p o r t s , o v e r a ll a c c o u n ts , and g e n e r a l p o li c ie s
a r e r e q u ir e d b y the b a s i c s y s t e m , the c h ie f a cco u n ta n t has b r o a d la titu d e and a u th ority to
d e c id e the s p e c i f i c m e th o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , a c c o u n ts , r e p o r t s , e t c . — to be u s e d w ith in the
o r g a n iz a tio n a l se g m e n t s e r v e d .
He m u s t s e c u r e p r i o r a p p r o v a l f r o m h ig h e r le v e ls f o r on ly
th o s e ch a n g e s w h ich w ou ld b a s i c a lly a ffe c t the b r o a d r e q u ir e m e n t s p r e s c r i b e d b y su ch h ig h e r
le v e ls .
T y p ic a l r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s in c lu d e ;

E v a lu a tin g and takin g fin a l a c tio n on r e c o m m e n d a tio n s p r o p o s e d b y su b o r d in a te e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts f o r c h a n g e s in a s p e c t s o f the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o r a c t iv it ie s n ot p r e s c r i b e d
b y h ig h e r a u th o r ity ;
E x ten d in g c o s t a c c o u n tin g o p e r a t io n s to a r e a s n ot p r e v io u s ly c o v e r e d ;
C h an ging f r o m

on e c o s t a c c o u n tin g m e th o d to a n o th e r ;

E x p an din g the u tiliz a t io n o f c o m p u te r s w ith in

the a c c o u n tin g p r o c e s s ; and

P r e p a r in g a c c o u n tin g r e p o r t s and sta te m e n ts r e fle c t in g the ev en ts and p r o g r e s s o f
the e n tir e o r g a n iz a tio n f o r w h ich he is r e s p o n s ib le ; o ften c o n s o lid a tin g da ta su b m itte d by
s u b o r d in a te s e g m e n ts .
T h is d e g r e e o f a u th o rity is m o s t t y p ic a lly fou n d at in te r m e d ia te o r g a n iz a tio n a l le v e ls su ch as
r e g io n a l o f f i c e s , o r d iv is io n o r s u b s id ia r y h e a d q u a r t e r s .
It is a ls o found in s o m e c o m p a n y
le v e l situ a tio n s w h e r e the a u th ority o f the c h ie f a cco u n ta n t is le s s e x te n s iv e than is d e s c r ib e d
in A R - 3 .
M o r e r a r e ly it is fou nd in p la n t le v e l c h ie f a cco u n ta n ts w h o h av e b e e n d e le g a te d
m o r e a u th ority than u su a l f o r su ch p o s it io n s as d e s c r ib e d in A R - 1 .
26 Insufficient data were obtained for level V to warrant presentation of average salaries.




54

CH IE F A C C O U N T A N T — C on tin u ed

A R - 3 . Has c o m p le t e r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r e s t a b lis h in g and m a in ta in in g the fr a m e w o r k
fo r the b a s i c a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m u s e d in the c o m p a n y , s u b je c t o n ly to g e n e r a l p o l i c y g u id a n ce
and c o n t r o l f r o m a h ig h e r le v e l c o m p a n y o f f i c i a l r e s p o n s ib le fo r g e n e r a l fin a n c ia l m a n a g e ­
m en t.
T y p ic a l r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s in clu d e :
D e te r m in in g the b a s i c c h a r a c t e r is t ic s o f
s p e c i f i c a c c o u n ts to be u se d ;

the c o m p a n y 's a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m and the

D e v is in g and p r e p a r in g a c c o u n tin g r e p o r t s and sta te m e n ts r e q u ir e d to m e e t m a n a g e ­
m e n t 's n e e d s f o r data;
E s ta b lis h in g b a s ic a c c o u n tin g p o l i c i e s ,

te m

in te r p r e ta t io n s ,

and p r o c e d u r e s ;

R e v ie w in g and ta k in g a c tio n on p r o p o s e d r e v is io n s to the c o m p a n y 's a c c o u n tin g s y s ­
s u g g e s te d b y s u b o r d in a te u n its; and
T a k in g fin a l a c tio n on a ll te c h n ic a l a c c o u n tin g m a t t e r s .

C h a r a c t e r is t ic a ll y , p a r t ic ip a t e s e x t e n s iv e ly in b r o a d c o m p a n y m a n a g e m e n t p r o c e s s e s
b y p r o v id in g a c c o u n tin g a d v ic e , in t e r p r e t a t io n s , o r r e c o m m e n d a tio n s b a s e d on data a c c u m u ­
la te d in the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m and on h is p r o f e s s io n a l ju d g m e n t and e x p e r ie n c e .

T e c h n ic a l C o m p le x ity

T C - 1. The o r g a n iz a tio n w h ich the a c c o u n tin g p r o g r a m s e r v e s h as r e la t iv e l y few
fu n c tio n s , p r o d u c t s , w o r k p r o c e s s e s , e t c ., and th e se ten d to be sta b le and u n ch a n gin g . The
a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m o p e r a t e s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith w e ll- e s t a b lis h e d p r in c ip le s and p r a c t ic e s o r
th o se o f e q u iv a le n t d iffi c u lt y w h ich a r e ty p ic a l o f that in d u str y .

T C - Z . T he o r g a n iz a tio n w h ich the a c c o u n tin g p r o g r a m s e r v e s has a r e la t iv e ly la r g e
n u m b e r o f fu n c tio n s , p r o d u c t s , w o r k p r o c e s s e s , e t c ., w h ich r e q u ir e su b s ta n tia l and fr e q u e n t
a d a p ta tion s o f the b a s ic s y s t e m to m e e t m a n a g em en t n e e d s ( e .g ., a d o p tio n o f new a c c o u n ts ,
s u b a c c o u n t s , and s u b s id ia r y r e c o r d s ; r e v is io n o f in s t r u c t io n s f o r the u se o f a c c o u n ts ; i m ­
p r o v e m e n t o r e x p a n s io n o f m eth od s fo r a c c u m u la tin g and r e p o r t in g c o s t data in c o n n e c t io n
w ith new o r ch a n g ed w o r k p r o c e s s e s ) .

T C - 3 . T h e o r g a n iz a tio n w h ich the a c c o u n tin g p r o g r a m s e r v e s puts a h e a v y d em a n d
on the a c c o u n tin g o r g a n iz a tio n fo r s p e c ia liz e d and e x te n s iv e a d a p ta tion s o f the b a s i c s y s t e m
to m e e t m a n a g e m e n t n e e d s .
Such d em a n d s a r is e b e c a u s e the fu n c tio n s , p r o d u c t s , w o r k
p r o c e s s e s , e t c ., o f the o r g a n iz a tio n a r e v e r y n u m e r o u s , d iv e r s e , u n iq u e, o r s p e c ia liz e d , o r
th e r e a r e o th e r c o m p a r a b le c o m p le x it ie s . C o n s e q u e n tly , the a c c o u n tin g s y s t e m , to a c o n s id ­
e r a b le d e g r e e , is d e v e lo p e d w e ll b e y o n d e s t a b lis h e d p r in c ip le s and a c c o u n tin g p r a c t ic e s in
o r d e r to:
P r o v id e

fo r

the

s o lu tio n

of

p r o b le m s

fo r

w h ich

no

c le a r

p reced en ts

e x is t ;

or

P r o v id e fo r the d e v e lo p m e n t o r e x te n s io n o f a c c o u n tin g t h e o r ie s and p r a c t ic e s to
d ea l w ith p r o b le m s to w h ich th e se t h e o r ie s and p r a c t ic e s have not p r e v i o u s ly b e e n a p p lie d .

S u b ord in a te Staff
In the c h a rt that fo llo w s , the n u m b er o f p r o f e s s io n a l a cco u n ta n ts s u p e r v is e d is r e c ­
o g n iz e d to be a r e la t iv e l y cru d e c r it e r i o n fo r d is tin g u is h in g b e tw e e n v a r io u s c l a s s e s . It is
to be c o n s id e r e d le s s im p o rta n t in the m a tch in g p r o c e s s than the o th e r c r i t e r i a .
In a d d itio n
to the s ta ff o f p r o f e s s io n a l a ccou n ta n ts in the s y s t e m fo r w h ich the c h ie f a ccou n ta n t is r e ­
s p o n s ib le , th e r e a r e c l e r i c a l , m a ch in e o p e r a t io n , b o o k k e e p in g , and r e la t e d p e r s o n n e l.




55

C H IE F A C C O U N T A N T — C on tin u ed

A u th o r ity
and
r e s p o n s ib ili t y 1

C la s s

T e c h n ic a l
c o m p le x it y 1

S u b ord in a te s ta ff o f p r o f e s s io n a l a cco u n ta n ts in
the s y s t e m f o r w h ich h e is r e s p o n s ib le .

I

A R -1

T C -1

O n ly on e o r tw o p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts , w h o
do not e x c e e d the a cco u n ta n t III jo b d e fin itio n .

II

A R -1

T C -2

A b ou t 5 to 10 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts , w ith at
le a s t on e o r tw o m a tch in g the a cco u n ta n t IV
jo b d e fin it io n .

A R -2

T C -1

A b ou t 5 to 10 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts.
M ost
o f th e s e m a tc h the a cco u n ta n t III jo b d e fin it io n ,
but on e o r tw o m a y m a tc h the a cco u n ta n t IV
jo b d e fin itio n .

A R -3

T C -1

O nly on e o r tw o p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts , w ho
d o n ot e x c e e d the a c c o u n ta n t IV jo b d e fin it io n .

A R -1

T C -3

A b ou t 15 to 20 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts.
At
le a s t on e o r tw o m a tc h the a ccou n ta n t V jo b
d e fin it io n .

A R -2

T C -2

A b ou t 15 to 20 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts . M an y
o f th e s e m a tc h the a ccou n ta n t IV jo b d e fin it io n ,
but s o m e m a y m a tc h the a cco u n ta n t V jo b d e fin itio n .

A R -3

T C -1

A b ou t 5 to 10 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts . M o s t o f
th e s e m a tc h the a cco u n ta n t III jo b d e fin it io n , but
on e o r tw o m a y m a tc h as h igh as a ccou n ta n t V.

A R -2

T C -3

A b ou t 25 to 40 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts. M any
o f th e s e m a tc h the a ccou n ta n t V jo b d e fin it io n ,
but s e v e r a l m a y e x c e e d that le v e l.

A R -3

T C -2

A b ou t 15 to 20 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts . M o s t o f
th e s e m a tch the a ccou n ta n t IV jo b d e fin it io n , but
s e v e r a l m a y m a tc h the a ccou n ta n t V and on e o r
tw o m a y e x c e e d that le v e l.

A R -3

T C -3

A b ou t 25 to 40 p r o f e s s io n a l a c c o u n ta n ts . M an y
o f th e se m a tch the a ccou n ta n t V jo b d e fin it io n ,
but s e v e r a l m a y e x c e e d that le v e l.

III

or

or

IV

or

V

1

A R -1 ,

-2 , and -3 ; and T C -1 , -2 ,




and -3 are explained on the preceding pages.

56
ATTORNEYS
ATTORNEY
P e r f o r m s c o n s u lta t io n and a d v is o r y w o r k and
s a r y to e ffe c t the r ig h ts , p r i v i l e g e s , and o b lig a tio n s o f
q u ir e s c o m p le t io n o f law s c h o o l w ith an L L . B . d e g r e e
b a r . R e s p o n s ib ilit ie s o r fu n ctio n s in clu d e on e o r m o r e

c a r r i e s out the le g a l p r o c e s s e s n e c e s ­
the c o m p a n y . T h e w o r k p e r f o r m e d r e ­
( o r the eq u iv a len t) and a d m is s io n to the
o f the fo llo w in g o r c o m p a r a b le d u tie s :

P r e p a r in g and r e v ie w in g v a r io u s le g a l in s tru m e n ts and d o c u m e n t s , s u c h as c o n t r a c t s ,
l e a s e s , l i c e n s e s , p u r c h a s e s , s a le s , r e a l e s t a t e , e t c . ;
A c tin g as ag en t o f the c o m p a n y in its t r a n s a c t io n s ;
E x a m in in g m a t e r ia l (e . g. , a d v e r t is e m e n t s , p u b lic a t io n s , e t c . ) fo r le g a l im p lic a t io n s ;
a d v is in g o f f i c i a l s o f p r o p o s e d le g is la t io n w h ich m ig h t a ffe c t the c o m p a n y ;
A p p ly in g f o r p a te n ts , c o p y r ig h t s , o r r e g is t r a t io n o f com p a n y *s p r o d u c t s , p r o c e s s e s ,
d e v ic e s and tr a d e m a r k s ; a d v is in g w h e th e r to in s tig a te o r d efen d law s u its ;
C on d u ctin g p r e t r ia l p r e p a r a t io n s ; d e fen d in g the c o m p a n y in la w s u its ; and
A d v is in g o f f i c i a l s on ta x m a t t e r s , G o v e r n m e n t r e g u la t io n s , a n d /o r c o r p o r a t e r ig h t s .
E x c lu d e d fr o m th is d e fin it io n a r e :
P a ten t w o r k w h ich r e q u ir e s p r o f e s s io n a l tr a in in g in a d d itio n to le g a l tr a in in g (t y p i­
c a lly , a d e g r e e in e n g in e e r in g o r in a s c ie n c e ) ;
C la im s e x a m in in g , c la im s in v e s tig a tin g o r s i m il a r w o r k fo r w h ich p r o f e s s i o n a l le g a l
tr a in in g and b a r m e m b e r s h ip is n ot e s s e n t ia l;
A t t o r n e y s , fr e q u e n t ly title d ’ ’g e n e r a l c o u n s e l” (an d th e ir im m e d ia te fu ll a s s o c ia t e s
o r d e p u tie s ), w ho s e r v e as c o m p a n y o f f i c e r s o r the e q u iv a le n t and a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r
p a r t ic ip a tin g in the o v e r a ll m a n a g e m e n t and fo r m u la t io n o f p o l i c y fo r the c o m p a n y in
a d d itio n to d ir e c t in g its le g a l w o r k .
(T h e d u ties and r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s o f su ch p o s it io n s
e x c e e d le v e l V II as d e s c r ib e d b e l o w .)
A t to r n e y jo b s w h ich m e e t the a b o v e d e fin itio n s a r e
a c c o r d a n c e w ith the c h a r t b e lo w . 27
C la s s and
code

R e s p o n s ib ilit y
l e v e l o f jo b 1

D iffic u lt y le v e l
o f le g a l w o r k 1

to b e

c la s s ifie d

and

coded

in

E x p e r ie n c e r e q u ir e d

A s a t r a in e e w ith lit tle o r no p r o f e s s io n a l e x p e r ie n c e a s s i s t s h ig h e r le v e l a t ­
t o r n e y s and r e c e iv e s a s s ig n m e n ts su c h a s : P r e p a r in g v a r io u s sta n d a rd o r u n ­
c o m p lic a t e d le g a l d o c u m e n ts ; p r e p a r in g te n ta tiv e d r a fts o f le g a l c o r r e s p o n d e n c e ;
r e a d in g and c h e c k in g le g a l r e p o r t s fo r u s e fu l it e m s ; p r e p a r in g u n c o m p lic a te d
p le a d in g s ; p e r fo r m in g m is c e lla n e o u s le g a l r e s e a r c h .
( R e c e iv e s c o n s id e r a b le
p r e lim in a r y in s t r u c t io n , g u id a n ce , and c l o s e s u p e r v is io n in h is w o r k .
Has
n e g lig ib le r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r fin a l a c tio n on le g a l m a t t e r s .)

I

D -l

A t le a s t 1 y e a r
e x p e r ie n c e .

R -2

D -2

R -l

S u ffic ie n t p r o f e s s i o n a l e x p e r ie n c e , at le a s t
2 y e a r s but u s u a lly m o r e , to a s s u r e c l e a r
c o m p e t e n c e as an a tto r n e y .

D -2

R -2

D -3

R -l

D -2

R -3

D -3

III

R -l

D -l

II

R -2

or

IV
or

V

p r o f e s s io n a l

a t to r n e y

A t le a s t 1 y e a r , u s u a lly m o r e , o f p r o f e s ­
s io n a l e x p e r ie n c e at the D -2 le v e l.

E x te n s iv e p r o f e s s io n a l
D -2 o r a h ig h e r le v e l.

e x p e r ie n c e

at

the

E x te n s iv e p r o f e s s i o n a l
D -3 le v e l.

e x p e r ie n c e

at

the

E x te n s iv e p r o f e s s io n a l
D -3 and R -3 l e v e ls .

e x p e r ie n c e

at

the

VI

0

1
O
O

i

or

of

R -3

V II

D -3

R -4

1 D - l , D -2 , D -3 and R - l , R -2 , e t c ., are explained on the following pages.
27

Insufficient data were obtained for level I to warrant presentation of average salaries.




57

A T T O R N E Y — C on tin u ed

D iffic u lt y L e v e l O f L e g a l W o r k

D - 1. L e g a l q u e s tio n s a r e c h a r a c t e r iz e d by: F a c ts that a r e w e ll-e s t a b lis h e d ; c l e a r l y
a p p lic a b le le g a l p r e c e d e n t s ; and m a tt e r s n ot o f su b s ta n tia l im p o r t a n c e to the o r g a n iz a tio n .
(U s u a lly r e la t iv e ly lim it e d su m s o f m o n e y , e . g . , a few th ou san d d o ll a r s , a r e in v o lv e d .)

E x a m p le s o f D - l w o r k :
(a)
L e g a l in v e s tig a t io n , n e g o tia tio n , and r e s e a r c h p r e p a r a t o r y to d efen d in g the o r ­
g a n iz a tio n in p o te n tia l o r a c tu a l la w s u its in v o lv in g a lle g e d n e g lig e n c e w h e r e the fa c ts ca n
b e f i r m l y e s t a b lis h e d and th e r e a r e p r e c e d e n t c a s e s d ir e c t ly a p p lic a b le to the situ a tion .
(b)
S e a rc h in g c a s e r e p o r t s , le g a l d o c u m e n ts , p e r i o d i c a l s , te x tb o o k s , and o th e r
le g a l r e f e r e n c e s ; and p r e p a r in g d r a ft o p in io n s on e m p lo y e e c o m p e n s a tio n o r b e n e fit q u e s ­
tio n s w hen th e r e is a su b s ta n tia l am oun t o f c l e a r l y a p p lic a b le s ta tu to ry , r e g u la t o r y , and
c a s e m a t e r ia l.
(c )
D ra w in g up c o n t r a c t s and o th e r le g a l d o c u m e n ts in c o n n e c t io n w ith r e a l p r o p e r t y
t r a n s a c t io n s r e q u ir in g the d e v e lo p m e n t o f d e ta ile d in fo r m a t io n but not in v o lv in g s e r io u s
q u e s tio n s r e g a r d in g t it le s to p r o p e r t y o r o th e r m a jo r fa c tu a l o r le g a l is s u e s .

D - 2 . L e g a l w o r k is r e g u la r ly d iffic u lt b y r e a s o n o f on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T h e a b s e n c e o f c l e a r and d ir e c t ly a p p lic a b le le g a l p r e c e d e n t s ; the d iffe r e n t p o s s ib le in t e r p r e ­
ta tio n s that c a n b e p la c e d on e ith e r the fa c t s , the la w s , o r the p r e c e d e n ts in v o lv e d ; the s u b ­
sta n tia l im p o r t a n c e o f the le g a l m a tt e r s to the o r g a n iz a tio n ( e . g . , su m s as la r g e as one
h u n dred th ou san d d o lla r s a r e g e n e r a lly d i r e c t l y o r in d ir e c t ly in v o lv e d ); and the m a tte r is
b e in g s t r o n g ly p r e s s e d o r c o n t e s te d in f o r m a l p r o c e e d in g s o r in n e g o tia tio n s b y the in d iv id ­
u a ls , c o r p o r a t io n s , o r G o v e r n m e n t a g e n c ie s in v o lv e d .
E x a m p le s o f D -2 w o r k :
(a)
A d v is in g on the le g a l im p lic a t io n s o f a d v e r tis in g r e p r e s e n t a t io n s w hen the fa c ts
su p p o r tin g the r e p r e s e n t a t io n s and the a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t c a s e s a r e s u b je c t to d iffe r e n t
in t e r p r e t a t io n s .
(b)
R e v ie w in g and a d v is in g on the im p lic a t io n s o f new o r r e v is e d law s a ffe c tin g the
o r g a n iz a tio n .
(c )
P r e s e n t in g th e o r g a n iz a t io n 's d e fe n s e in c o u r t in a n e g lig e n c e la w su it w h ich is
s t r o n g ly p r e s s e d b y c o u n s e l fo r an o r g a n iz e d g ro u p .
(d)
P r o v id in g le g a l c o u n s e l on ta x q u e s tio n s c o m p lic a t e d b y the a b s e n c e o f p r e c e d e n t
d e c is i o n s that a r e d ir e c t ly a p p lic a b le to the o r g a n iz a t io n 's s itu a tio n .
D -3 .
L e g a l w o r k is t y p ic a lly c o m p le x and d iffic u lt b e c a u s e o f on e o r m o r e o f the
fo llo w in g : T h e q u e s tio n s a r e u niqu e and r e q u ir e a h igh o r d e r o f o r ig in a l and c r e a t iv e le g a l
e n d e a v o r fo r th e ir s o lu tio n ; the q u e s tio n s r e q u ir e e x te n s iv e r e s e a r c h and a n a ly s is and the
ob ta in in g and e v a lu a tin g o f e x p e r t t e s tim o n y r e g a r d in g c o n t r o v e r s ia l is s u e s in a s c ie n t if i c ,
fin a n c ia l, c o r p o r a t e o r g a n iz a tio n , e n g in e e r in g , o r o th e r h ig h ly t e c h n ic a l a r e a ; and the le g a l
m a tte r is o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to the o r g a n iz a tio n and is b e in g v ig o r o u s ly p r e s s e d o r c o n ­
te s te d ( e . g . , su m s s u c h as a m illio n d o lla r s o r m o r e a r e g e n e r a lly d ir e c t ly o r in d ir e c t ly
in v o lv e d ).
E x a m p le s o f D -3 w o r k :
(a)
A d v is in g on the le g a l a s p e c t s and im p lic a t io n s o f F e d e r a l a n titru s t la w s to p r o ­
je c t e d g r e a t ly ex p a n d ed m a rk e tin g o p e r a t io n s in v o lv in g jo in t v e n tu r e s w ith s e v e r a l o th e r
o r g a n iz a t io n s .




58

A T T O R N E Y —-C o n tin u e d

(b)
P la n n in g le g a l s t r a te g y and r e p r e s e n t in g a u tility c o m p a n y in ra te o r G o v e r n ­
m en t fr a n c h is e c a s e s in v o lv in g a g e o g r a p h ic a r e a in clu d in g p a rts o r a ll o f s e v e r a l S ta te s.
(c )
P r e p a r in g and p r e s e n tin g a c a s e b e fo r e an a p p e lla te c o u r t w h e r e the c a s e is
h ig h ly im p o rta n t to the fu tu re o p e r a t io n o f the o r g a n iz a tio n and is v ig o r o u s ly c o n t e s te d
b y v e r y d is tin g u is h e d (e . g. , h avin g a b r o a d r e g io n a l o r n a tio n a l rep u ta tion ) le g a l ta le n t.
(d)
S e r v in g as the p r in c ip a l c o u n s e l to the o f f i c e r s and s t a ff o f an in s u r a n c e c o m ­
pany on the le g a l p r o b le m s in the s a le , u n d e r w ritin g , and a d m in is t r a tio n o f g ro u p c o n ­
t r a c t s in v o lv in g n a tion w id e o r m u ltis ta te c o v e r a g e s and la w s .
(e)
P e r fo r m in g the p r in c ip a l le g a l w o r k in a n o n ro u tin e m a jo r r e v is io n o f the c o m ­
p a n y 's c h a r t e r o r in e ffe ctu a tin g n ew m a jo r fin a n cin g s t e p s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y L e v e l o f J o b
R - 1.
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r fin a l a c tio n is u s u a lly lim ite d to m a tt e r s c o v e r e d b y le g a l
p r e c e d e n t s and in w h ich little d e v ia tio n fr o m sta n d a rd p r a c t ic e is in v o lv e d .
A n y d e c is io n s
o r a c tio n s h avin g a s ig n ific a n t b e a r in g on the o r g a n iz a t io n 's b u s in e s s a r e r e v ie w e d .
(Is
g iv e n g u id a n ce in the in itia l s ta g e s o f h is a s s ig n m e n t (e . g. , in plann in g and o r g a n iz in g le g a l
r e s e a r c h and s t u d ie s ). A s s ig n m e n ts a r e then c a r r i e d out w ith m o d e r a te in d e p e n d e n ce alth ou g h
g u id a n ce is g e n e r a lly a v a ila b le and is sou ght fr o m t i m e - t o - t i m e on p r o b le m p o in t s .)
R -2 .
U s u a lly w o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly in in v e s tig a tin g the fa c t s , s e a r c h in g le g a l p r e c e ­
d e n ts , d e fin in g the le g a l and fa c tu a l is s u e s , d r a ftin g the n e c e s s a r y le g a l d o c u m e n t s , and d e ­
v e lo p in g c o n c lu s io n s and r e c o m m e n d a t io n s .
D e c is io n s h avin g an im p o rta n t b e a r in g on the
o r g a n iz a t io n 's b u s in e s s a r e r e v ie w e d .
(R e c e iv e s in fo r m a t io n fr o m s u p e r v is o r r e g a r d in g
u n u su al c ir c u m s t a n c e s o r im p o rta n t p o li c y c o n s id e r a t io n s p e r ta in in g to a le g a l p r o b le m . If
t r ia ls a r e in v o lv e d , m a y r e c e iv e g u id a n ce fr o m a s u p e r v i s o r r e g a r d in g p r e s e n ta tio n , lin e o f
a p p r o a c h , p o s s ib le lin e o f o p p o s itio n to b e e n c o u n t e r e d , e t c .
In the c a s e o f n o n ro u tin e
w r itte n p r e s e n ta tio n s the fin a l p r o d u c t is r e v ie w e d c a r e fu ll y , but p r im a r i ly f o r o v e r a ll s o u n d ­
n e s s o f le g a l r e a s o n in g and c o n s is t e n c y w ith o r g a n iz a tio n p o li c y . S o m e , but not a ll a t to r n e y s ,
m a k e a s s ig n m e n ts to on e o r m o r e lo w e r le v e l a t to r n e y s , a id s , o r c l e r k s . )
R -3 .
C a r r ie s out a s s ig n m e n ts in d e p e n d e n tly and m a k e s fin a l le g a l d e te r m in a tio n s
in m a tt e r s o f su b s ta n tia l im p o r t a n c e to h is o r g a n iz a tio n .
Such d e te r m in a tio n s a r e s u b je c t
to r e v ie w o n ly fo r c o n s is t e n c y w ith c o m p a n y p o li c y , p o s s ib le p r e c e d e n t e f f e c t , and o v e r a l l
e f fe c t iv e n e s s .
T o c a r r y out h is a s s ig n m e n ts he d e a ls r e g u la r ly w ith c o m p a n y o f f i c e r s and
top le v e l m a n a g e m e n t o f f i c i a l s and c o n f e r s o r n e g o tia te s r e g u la r ly w ith s e n io r a tto r n e y s and
o f f ic ia l s in o th e r c o m p a n ie s o r in G o v e r n m e n t a g e n c ie s on v a r io u s a s p e c t s o f h is a s s ig n e d
w ork .
(R e c e iv e s little o r no p r e lim in a r y in s t r u c t io n on le g a l p r o b le m s and a m in im u m o f
t e c h n ic a l le g a l s u p e r v is io n . M ay a s s ig n and r e v ie w w o r k o f a few a t t o r n e y s , but th is is not
a p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ili t y .)
R -4 .
C a r r ie s out a s s ig n m e n ts w h ich e n ta il in d e p e n d e n tly p la n n in g in v e s tig a tio n s and
n e g o tia tio n s on le g a l p r o b le m s o f the h ig h e st im p o r t a n c e to h is o r g a n iz a tio n and d e v e lo p in g
c o m p le t e d b r i e f s , o p in io n s , c o n t r a c t s , o r o th e r le g a l p r o d u c t s . T o c a r r y out h is a s s ig n m e n ts
he r e p r e s e n t s h is o r g a n iz a tio n at c o n f e r e n c e s , h e a r in g s , o r t r ia ls ; and p e r s o n a lly c o n f e r s
and n e g o tia te s w ith top a tto r n e y s and top ran k in g o f f ic ia l s in p r iv a te c o m p a n ie s o r in G o v ­
e rn m e n t a g e n c ie s .
On v a r io u s a s p e c t s o f h is a s s ig n e d w o r k m a y g iv e a d v ic e d ir e c t ly and
p e r s o n a lly to c o r p o r a t io n o f f i c e r s and to p le v e l m a n a g e r s , o r m a y w o r k th ro u g h the g e n e r a l
c o u n s e l o f the c o m p a n y in a d v is in g o f f i c e r s . (G e n e r a lly r e c e i v e s n o p r e lim in a r y in s t r u c t io n
on le g a l p r o b le m s .
On m a tte r s r e q u ir in g the c o n c e n t r a t e d e ffo r t s o f s e v e r a l a tto r n e y s o r
o th e r s p e c ia lis t s is r e s p o n s ib le fo r d ir e c t in g , c o o r d in a tin g , and r e v ie w in g the w o r k o f the
a tto r n e y s in v o lv e d .)
OR
A s a p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ili t y , d ir e c t s the w o r k o f a s t a ff o f a t t o r n e y s , o n e , but u s u a lly m o r e ,
o f w h om r e g u la r ly p e r f o r m D -3 le g a l w o r k . W ith r e s p e c t to the w o r k d ir e c t e d , g iv e s a d v ic e
d ir e c t ly to c o r p o r a t io n o f f i c e r s and to p m a n a g e r ia l o f f i c e r s , o r m a y g iv e su ch a d v ic e th ro u g h




59
A T T O RN E Y— C on tin u ed

the g e n e r a l c o u n s e l.
( R e c e iv e s g u id a n ce
v is io n o r a s s is t a n c e e x c e p t w hen he m ig h t
a p p r o a c h to the m o s t d iffic u lt , n o v e l, o r
U s u a lly r e p o r t s to the g e n e r a l c o u n s e l o r

as to o r g a n iz a tio n p o l i c y but no t e c h n ic a l s u p e r ­
r e q u e s t a d v ic e fr o m , o r b e b r ie f e d on , the o v e r a ll
im p o rta n t le g a l q u e s tio n s b y the g e n e r a l c o u n s e l.
h is d e p u ty .)

O F F IC E S E R V IC E S

M ANAGER,

O F F IC E S E R V IC E S

R e s p o n s ib le fo r p la n n in g, d ir e c t in g , and c o n t r o llin g o f o f f i c e s e r v i c e s , s u b je c t o n ly
to the m o s t g e n e r a l p o l i c y s u p e r v is io n . P la y s an a c tiv e r o le in a n ticip a tin g and p la n n in g to
m e e t o f f ic e s e r v i c e s n e e d s o f the o p e r a tin g o r g a n iz a tio n s e r v e d . S u p e r v is e s a g r o u p o f e m ­
p lo y e e s e n g a g ed in p r o v id in g o f f i c e s e r v i c e s o f a s u p p o rtin g o r " h o u s e k e e p in g " n a tu re to the
p r im a r y o p e r a t io n o f a c o m p a n y , an e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r an o r g a n iz a tio n a l unit o f a c o m p a n y
o r e s t a b lis h m e n t . (M a y p e r s o n a lly p e r f o r m s o m e o f the fu n c t io n s .)
O ffic e s e r v i c e s in clu d e :

(a)
R e c e ip t , d is tr ib u tio n , and d is p a t c h o f m a il.
(b)
M a in te n a n ce o f c e n t r a l f i l e s .
(c )
P r in tin g o r d u p lic a tio n and d is tr ib u tio n o f f o r m s , p u b lic a tio n s , e t c .
(M a y be
lim it e d to o r d e r in g the p r in tin g o r d u p lic a tio n o f it e m s .
D o e s n ot n e c e s s a r i l y h ave
c h a r g e o f a p r in ts h o p o r d u p lic a tio n f a c i l i t i e s , e s p e c ia lly in la r g e o p e r a t io n s , but c o ­
o r d in a te s the flo w to and fr o m the r e p r o d u c t io n u n it s .)
(d)
P u r c h a s in g o f f ic e s u p p lie s and eq u ip m en t. (M a k es d ir e c t p u r c h a s e s o f r u n - o f t h e - m i l l o f f i c e s u p p lie s .
M ay b e r e s p o n s ib le f o r d ir e c t p u r c h a s e o f o th e r it e m s fr o m
o u ts id e s u p p lie r s o r m a y r e q u is it io n th r o u g h e s ta b lis h m e n t p u r c h a s in g d e p a r t m e n t s .)
(e)
R e c o r d s c o n t r o l and d is p o s a l.
(f)
C o m m u n ic a tio n s (te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d a n d /o r te le ty p e s e r v i c e ) .
(g)
T y p in g o r s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
(h)
O ffic e e q u ip m en t m a in te n a n ce and r e p a ir . (M a y h ave d ir e c t s u p e r v is io n o f m a in ­
te n a n c e and r e p a ir p e r s o n n e l o r m a y c o o r d in a t e the o r d e r in g o f s u c h s e r v i c e s fr o m
o u ts id e s e r v i c e s u p p lie r s o r f r o m a c e n t r a l s e r v i c e unit w ith in the e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
(i)
S p a c e c o n t r o l o v e r o f f i c e f a c i l i t i e s — la you t and a r r a n g e m e n t o f o f f i c e s . ( T y p i ­
c a lly s e r v e s as a s t a ff a s s is ta n t to m a n a g e m e n t o f f i c i a l s in p e r fo r m in g th is fu n c t io n .)

M an ager,

O ffic e S e r v ic e s I

S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s e n g a g e d in p e r fo r m in g a fe w ( e . g. , fo u r o r fiv e ) o f
th e a b o v e fu n c tio n s as a s e r v i c e to a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n (e . g . , 300 to 600 e m p lo y e e s , e x clu d in g
n o n s u p e r v is o r y p la n t w o r k e r s ) .

M an ag er,

O ffic e S e r v ic e s

II

A.
S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s e n g a g ed in p e r fo r m in g a few (e . g . , fo u r o r
fiv e ) o f the a b o v e fu n c tio n s a s a s e r v i c e to a m o d e r a t e ly la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n (e . g. , 600 to
1 ,5 0 0 e m p lo y e e s , e x c lu d in g n o n s u p e r v is o r y plant w o r k e r s ).

OR

B.
S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s en g a g ed in p e r fo r m in g m o s t (e . g. , s e v e n o r
eight) o f the a b o v e fu n c tio n s as a s e r v i c e to a s m a ll o r g a n iz a tio n ( e . g . , 300 to 600 e m p lo y e e s ,
.ex clu d in g n d n s u p e r v is o r y pla n t w o r k e r s ) .




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M A N A G E R , O F F IC E S E R V IC E S — C on tin u ed

M a n a g e r,

O ffic e S e r v ic e s III

A.
S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s en g a g ed in p e r fo r m in g a few (e . g. , fo u r o r
fiv e ) o f the fu n ctio n s as a s e r v i c e to a la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n ( e . g . , 1 ,5 0 0 to 3 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ,
e x clu d in g n o n s u p e r v is o r y plant w o r k e r s ) .
OR
B.
S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s e n g a g e d in p e r fo r m in g m o s t ( e . g . ,
seven or
eight) o f the a b o v e fu n ctio n s as a s e r v i c e to a m o d e r a t e ly la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n ( e . g . , 600 to
1 ,5 0 0 e m p lo y e e s , e x clu d in g n o n s u p e r v is o r y plant w o r k e r s ) .

M a n a g e r,

O ffic e S e r v ic e s IV

S u p e r v is e s a s t a ff o f e m p lo y e e s en g a g ed in p e r fo r m in g m o s t ( e . g . , s e v e n o r eight)
o f the a b o v e fu n ctio n s as a s e r v i c e to a la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n ( e . g . , 1 ,5 0 0 to 3 ,0 0 0 e m p lo y e e s ,
e x clu d in g n o n s u p e r v is o r y plant w o r k e r s ) .

BUYERS

BU YER

P u r c h a s e s m a t e r ia ls , s u p p lie s , eq u ip m en t, and s e r v i c e s ( e . g . , u t ilit ie s , m a in te n a n ce ,
and r e p a ir ). In s o m e in s ta n c e s ite m s a r e o f ty p e s that m u st b e s p e c ia lly d e s ig n e d , p r o d u c e d ,
o r m o d ifie d b y the v e n d o r in a c c o r d a n c e w ith d r a w in g s o r e n g in e e r in g s p e c if i c a t io n s .
S o lic it s b id s , a n a ly z e s q u ota tion s r e c e iv e d , and s e l e c t s o r r e c o m m e n d s s u p p lie r .
M ay in te r v ie w p r o s p e c t iv e v e n d o r s .
P u r c h a s e s it e m s and s e r v i c e s at the m o s t fa v o r a b le
p r ic e c o n s is t e n t w ith q u a lity , q u an tity, s p e c ific a t io n r e q u ir e m e n t s , and o th e r f a c t o r s . P r e ­
p a r e s o r s u p e r v is e s p r e p a r a t io n o f p u r c h a s e o r d e r s fr o m r e q u is it io n s . M a y e x p e d ite d e li v e r y
and v is it v e n d o r s ' o f f i c e s and p la n ts.
N o r m a lly , p u r c h a s e s a r e u n r e v ie w e d w hen th e y a r e c o n s is t e n t w ith p a st e x p e r i e n c e ,
and a r e in c o n fo r m a n c e w ith e s t a b lis h e d r u le s and p o l i c i e s . P r o p o s e d p u r c h a s e tr a n s a c t io n s
that d e v ia te fr o m the u su a l o r fr o m p a st e x p e r ie n c e in t e r m s o f p r i c e s , q u a lity o f it e m s ,
q u a n titie s , e t c . , o r that m a y set p r e c e d e n t s f o r fu tu re p u r c h a s e s , a r e r e v ie w e d b y h ig h e r
a u th o rity p r io r to fin a l a c tio n .
In a d d itio n to the w o r k d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , s o m e (but n ot a ll) b u y e r s d ir e c t the w o r k
o f on e o r a few c le r k s w ho p e r f o r m ro u tin e a s p e c t s o f the w o r k . A s a s e c o n d a r y and s u b ­
s id ia r y du ty, s o m e b u y e r s m a y a ls o s e l l o r d is p o s e o f s u r p lu s , s a lv a g e , o r u s e d m a t e r ia l s ,
eq u ip m en t, o r s u p p lie s .

NOTE:
S om e b u y e r s a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r the p u r c h a s in g o f a v a r ie t y o f it e m s and
m a t e r ia ls .
W hen the v a r ie t y in c lu d e s ite m s and w o r k d e s c r ib e d at m o r e than on e o f the
fo llo w in g le v e ls , the p o s it io n sh ou ld be c o n s id e r e d to eq u a l the h ig h e s t le v e l that c h a r a c t e r iz e s
at le a s t a su b s ta n tia l p o r tio n o f the b u y e r 's t im e .

E x clu d e d a r e :
(a)
B u y e r s o f ite m s fo r d ir e c t s a le , e it h e r w h o le s a le o r r e t a il;
(b)
B r o k e r s and d e a le r s b u y in g fo r c lie n t s o r f o r in v e s tm e n t p u r p o s e s ;
(c )
P o s it io n s that s p e c i f i c a l l y r e q u ir e p r o f e s s io n a l e d u ca tio n and q u a lific a t io n s in
a p h y s ic a l s c ie n c e o r in e n g in e e r in g ( e . g . , c h e m is t , m e c h a n ic a l e n g in e e r );




61
B U Y E R — C on tin u ed

(d)
B u y e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e in p u r c h a s in g a s in g le o r a few r e la t e d it e m s o f h ig h ly
v a r ia b le q u a lity su c h as ra w c o tto n o r w o o l, t o b a c c o , c a t t le , o r le a th e r f o r s h o e u p p e r s ,
etc.
E x p e r t p e r s o n a l k n o w le d g e o f the ite m is r e q u ir e d to ju d g e th e r e la t iv e v a lu e o f
the g o o d s o f f e r e d , and to d e c id e the qu an tity , q u a lity , and p r i c e o f e a c h p u r c h a s e in
t e r m s o f its p r o b a b le e ffe c t on the o r g a n iz a t io n 's p r o fit and c o m p e t it iv e sta tu s;
(e)
B u y e r s w h o s e p r in c ip a l r e s p o n s ib ili t y is the s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r b u y e r s o r the
m a n a g e m e n t, d ir e c t io n , o r s u p e r v is io n o f a p u r c h a s in g p r o g r a m ;
(f)
P e r s o n s p r e d o m in a n t ly c o n c e r n e d w ith c o n t r a c t o r s u b c o n tr a c t a d m in is t r a tio n ;
(g)
P e r s o n s w h o s e m a jo r d u ties c o n s is t o f o r d e r in g , r e o r d e r in g , o r r e q u is itio n in g
it e m s u n d er e x is t in g c o n t r a c t s ; and
(h)
P o s it io n s r e s t r i c t e d to the c l e r i c a l fu n ctio n s o r to p u r c h a s e e x p e d itin g w o r k .

B uyer I

p li e s ,

P u r c h a s e s " o f f - t h e - s h e l f " ty p e s o f r e a d ily a v a ila b le , c o m m o n ly u s e d m a t e r ia ls , s u p ­
t o o l s , fu r n itu r e , s e r v i c e s , e t c .

T r a n s a c t io n s u s u a lly in v o lv e lo c a l
t u r e r s 1 s a le s r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s .

r e ta ile r s ,

w h o le s a le rs ,

jo b b e r s ,

and

m a n u fa c ­

Q u a n tities p u r c h a s e d a r e g e n e r a lly s m a ll a m o u n ts , e . g . , th o s e a v a ila b le fr o m

lo c a l

sou rces.
E x a m p le s o f ite m s p u r c h a s e d in clu d e : C o m m o n s t a t io n e r y and o f f i c e s u p p lie s ; s ta n d ­
a r d ty p e s o f o f f i c e fu r n itu r e and fix t u r e s ; sta n d a rd n u ts, b o l t s , s c r e w s ; ja n i t o r ia l and
c o m m o n b u ild in g m a in te n a n ce s u p p lie s ; and c o m m o n b u ild in g m a in te n a n ce o r c o m m o n
u tility s e r v i c e s .

B u y e r II
P u rch a ses "o ff-t h e -s h e lf"
m a t e r ia l s , and s e r v i c e s .

jo b b e r s ,

T r a n s a c t io n s
etc.

u s u a lly

ty p e s o f

in v o lv e

sta n d a rd ,

d e a lin g

d ir e c t ly

g e n e r a lly

w ith

a v a ila b le

t e c h n ic a l

m a n u fa c t u r e r s ,

Q u a n tities o f ite m s and m a t e r ia ls p u r c h a s e d m a y b e r e la t iv e l y la r g e ,
in the c a s e o f c o n t r a c t s fo r co n tin u in g su p p ly o v e r a p e r io d o f t im e .

it e m s ,

d is t r ib u t o r s ,

p a r t ic u la r ly

M ay b e r e s p o n s ib le fo r lo c a tin g o r p r o m o tin g p o s s ib le new s o u r c e s o f su p p ly . U s u ­
a lly is e x p e c t e d to k e e p a b r e a s t o f m a r k e t t r e n d s , ch a n g e s in b u s in e s s p r a c t ic e s in the
a s s ig n e d m a r k e t s , new o r a lt e r e d ty p e s o f m a t e r ia ls e n te r in g the m a r k e t , e t c .
E x a m p le s o f ite m s p u r c h a s e d in clu d e : In d u s tr ia l ty p e s o f h a n d to o ls ; e le c t r o n i c tube
and c o m p o n e n t te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; sta n d a rd e le c t r o n i c p a r ts and c o m p o n e n t s ; e l e c t r i c
m o t o r s ; g a s o lin e s e r v i c e sta tio n eq u ip m en t; P B X o r o th e r s p e c ia liz e d te le p h o n e s e r v i c e s ;
and r o u tin e p u r c h a s e s o f c o m m o n ra w m a t e r ia ls su ch as sta n d a rd g r a d e s and s i z e s o f
s t e e l b a r s , r o d s , and a n g le s .
A l s o in clu d e d at th is le v e l a r e b u y e r s o f m a t e r ia ls o f the ty p e s d e s c r ib e d fo r b u y e r I w hen
the q u a n tities p u r c h a s e d a r e la r g e so that l o c a l s o u r c e s o f su p p ly a r e g e n e r a lly in ad eq u a te
and the b u y e r m u st d e a l d ir e c t ly w ith m a n u fa c tu r e r s on a b r o a d e r than lo c a l s c a l e .

B u y e r III
P u r c h a s e s it e m s , m a t e r ia l s , o r s e r v i c e s o f a t e c h n ic a l and s p e c ia liz e d n a tu r e . T h e
it e m s , w h ile o f a c o m m o n g e n e r a l ty p e , a r e u s u a lly m a d e , a lt e r e d , o r c u s t o m iz e d to m e e t
the u s e r 's s p e c i f i c n e e d s and s p e c if i c a t io n s .




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B U Y E R — C on tin u ed

T r a n s a c t io n s u s u a lly r e q u ir e d e a lin g w ith m a n u fa c tu r e r s . T h e n u m b e r o f p o te n tia l
v e n d o r s is lik e ly to b e s m a ll and p r i c e d iffe r e n t ia ls o fte n r e f le c t im p o rta n t f a c t o r s (q u a lity ,
d e li v e r y d a te s , and p la c e s , e t c . ) that a r e d iffic u lt to e v a lu a te .
T h e q u a n tities p u r c h a s e d o f an y it e m o r s e r v i c e m a y b e la r g e .
M an y o f the p u r c h a s e s in v o lv e on e o r m o r e o f
that d e t a il, in t e c h n ic a l t e r m s , the r e q u ir e d p h y s ic a l,
r a b le p r o p e r t ie s ; s p e c ia l te s tin g p r i o r to a c c e p t a n c e ;
a w a rd s ; s p e c ia liz e d p r o c e s s i n g , p a c k in g , o r p a ck a g in g
p o r t d iffe r e n t ia ls ; e t c .

su ch c o m p lic a t io n s a s : S p e c ific a t io n s
c h e m ic a l, e l e c t r i c a l , o r o th e r c o m p a ­
g ro u p in g o f ite m s fo r lot b id d in g and
r e q u ir e m e n t s ; e x p o r t p a c k s ; o v e r s e a s

Is e x p e c t e d to k e e p a b r e a s t o f m a r k e t and p r o d u c t d e v e lo p m e n ts .
to lo c a t e n ew s o u r c e s o f su p p ly .

M ay b e r e q u ir e d

S om e p o s it io n s m a y in v o lv e a s s is t in g in th e tr a in in g o r s u p e r v is in g o f lo w e r le v e l
b u y ers o r c le r k s .
E x a m p le s o f it e m s p u r c h a s e d in clu d e : C a s t in g s ; s p e c ia l e x tr u d e d sh a p es o f n o r m a l
s i z e and m a t e r ia l; s p e c ia l fo r m u la p a in ts; e l e c t r i c m o t o r s o f s p e c ia l sh a p e o r s p e e d ;
s p e c ia l p a ck a g in g o f it e m s ; and ra w m a t e r ia ls in s u b s ta n tia l q u a n titie s .
B u y e r IV
P u r c h a s e s h ig h ly c o m p le x and t e c h n ic a l it e m s , m a t e r ia l s , o r s e r v i c e s , u s u a lly th o s e
s p e c ia lly d e s ig n e d and m a n u fa c tu r e d e x c lu s i v e ly fo r the p u r c h a s e r .
T r a n s a c t io n s r e q u ir e d e a lin g w ith m a n u fa c tu r e r s and o fte n in v o lv e p e r s u a d in g p o t e n ­
t ia l v e n d o r s to u n d erta k e the m a n u fa c tu r in g o f c u s t o m d e s ig n e d ite m s a c c o r d in g to c o m p le x
and r ig id s p e c ifi c a t io n s .
Q u a n tities o f it e m s and m a t e r ia ls p u r c h a s e d a r e o fte n la r g e in o r d e r to s a t is fy the
r e q u ir e m e n t s f o r an e n tir e la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n fo r an ex ten d ed p e r io d o f t im e .
C o m p le x
s c h e d u le s o f d e li v e r y a r e o fte n in v o lv e d . B u y e r d e t e r m in e s a p p r o p r ia te q u a n tities to b e c o n ­
t r a c t e d f o r at any g iv e n p e r io d o f t im e .
T r a n s a c t io n s a r e o fte n c o m p lic a t e d b y the p r e s e n c e o f one o r m o r e su ch m a tt e r s as
in c lu s io n o f: R e q u ir e m e n t s fo r s p a r e p a r t s , p r e p r o d u c t io n s a m p le s and te s tin g , o r t e c h n ic a l
lit e r a t u r e ; o r paten t and r o y a lt y p r o v i s io n s .
K e e p s a b r e a s t o f m a r k e t and p r o d u c t d e v e lo p m e n ts .

D e v e lo p s n ew s o u r c e s o f su p p ly .

In a d d itio n to the w o r k d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , a few p o s it io n s m a y a ls o r e q u ir e s u p e r v is io n
o v e r a fe w lo w e r le v e l b u y e r s o r c l e r k s . (N o p o s it io n is in clu d e d in th is le v e l s o l e ly b e c a u s e
s u p e r v i s o r y d u ties a r e p e r f o r m e d .)
E x a m p le s o f it e m s p u r c h a s e d in clu d e : S p e c ia l p u r p o s e h igh c o s t m a ch in e t o o ls and
p r o d u c tio n f a c i l i t i e s ; raw m a t e r ia ls o f c r i t i c a l l y im p o rta n t c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s o r q u a lity ;
p a r t s , s u b a s s e m b lie s , c o m p o n e n t s , e t c . , s p e c ia lly d e s ig n e d and m a d e to o r d e r (e . g. ,
c o m m u n ic a tio n s eq u ip m en t fo r in s t a lla tio n in a i r c r a f t b e in g m a n u fa c tu r e d ; c o m p o n e n t
a s s e m b li e s f o r m i s s i l e s and r o c k e t s ; and m o t o r v e h ic le fr a m e s ).
B u y e r V 28
P u r c h a s e s ite m s o r m a t e r ia l s , e ith e r t e c h n ic a l o r n o n t e c h n ic a l, in su c h u n u su a lly
la r g e q u a n tities that in d iv id u a l p u r c h a s e s c a n a ffe c t th e o v e r a ll m a r k e t p r ic e o f the c o m ­
m o d ity .
(N O T E : O n ly the v e r y la r g e s t o r g a n iz a t io n s , e . g . , th o s e e m p lo y in g m o r e than
1 0 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s , a r e a b le to bu y in the q u a n tities c o n te m p la te d in th is p a r a g r a p h . E v e n in
the v e r y la r g e o r g a n iz a tio n s th is le v e l o f bu y in g is o fte n a b sen t and e v e n w hen p r e s e n t , is
r e s t r i c t e d to a v e r y fe w b u y e r s o r is a s s ig n e d , n ot to a b u y e r but to s o m e h ig h e r ra n k in g
o ffic ia l.)
28 Insufficient data were obtained for level V to warrant presentation o f average salaries.




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B U Y E R — C on tin u ed

A lt e r n a t iv e ly , m a y p u r c h a s e ite m s o f e x t r a o r d in a r y te c h n ic a l c o m p le x it y ( e . g . , m i s ­
s i le g u id a n ce s y s t e m s ; ite m s that in v o lv e th e o u te r m o s t lim its o f the p h y s ic a l s c ie n c e s o r
e n g in e e r in g ) o r o f u n u su a lly h igh in d iv id u a l v a lu e ( e . g . , m u ltie n g in e je t a i r c r a f t ; la r g e c a ­
p a c it y c o m p u t e r s ; and h igh c a p a c it y t u r b in e -g e n e r a t o r s ).
U s u a lly is r e q u ir e d to id e n tify and c o n s id e r a ll p o s s ib le s o u r c e s

o f su p p ly .

T h e tr a n s a c t io n s a r e s o la r g e that th e y o fte n a ffe c t a c o n s id e r a b le p o r t io n o f the
in d u s tr y o r tr a d e c o n c e r n e d , r e s u ltin g in c o m p le x s c h e d u lin g and d iffic u lt y in n e g o tia tin g
m u tu a lly a c c e p t a b le a r r a n g e m e n t s .
F r e q u e n t ly is r e q u ir e d to d e v e lo p n ew s o u r c e s o f su p p ly th ro u g h p e r s u a s io n o f m a n u ­
fa c t u r e r s o r o th e r c o n c e r n s to expan d o r c o n v e r t p la n ts and f a c i l i t i e s .
In a d d itio n to th e w o r k d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , a fe w p o s it io n s m a y a ls o r e q u ir e s u p e r ­
v is io n o v e r a few lo w e r g r a d e b u y e r s o r c l e r k s . (N o p o s it io n is in clu d e d in th is l e v e l s o l e ly
b e c a u s e s u p e r v i s o r y d u tie s a r e p e r f o r m e d .)

PERSO N N EL M ANAGEM ENT

JO B A N A L Y S T
P e r f o r m s w o r k in v o lv e d in c o lle c t in g , a n a ly z in g , and d e v e lo p in g o c c u p a t io n a l data
r e la t iv e to jo b s , jo b q u a lific a t io n s , and w o r k e r c h a r a c t e r is t ic s as a b a s is f o r c o m p e n s a tin g
e m p lo y e e s in a f a i r , e q u ita b le , and u n ifo r m m a n n e r . P e r f o r m s su ch d u ties as stu d yin g and
a n a ly zin g jo b s and p r e p a r in g d e s c r ip t io n s o f d u ties and r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s and o f the p h y s ic a l
and m e n ta l r e q u ir e m e n t s n e e d e d b y w o r k e r s ; ev a lu a tin g jo b s and d e te r m in in g a p p r o p r ia te
w a g e o r s a la r y le v e ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith t h e ir d iffic u lt y and r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; in d e p e n d e n tly
c o n d u ctin g o r p a r t ic ip a tin g w ith r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o f o th e r c o m p a n ie s in c o n d u c tin g c o m p e n ­
sa tio n s u r v e y s w ith in a lo c a li t y o r la b o r m a r k e t a r e a ; a s s is t in g in a d m in is t e r in g m e r it ra tin g
p r o g r a m ; r e v ie w in g ch a n g e s in w a g e s and s a la r ie s in d ic a te d b y s u r v e y s and r e c o m m e n d in g
c h a n g e s in p a y s c a l e s ; and au ditin g in d iv id u a l jo b s to c h e c k the p r o p r i e t y o f e v a lu a tio n s and
to a p p ly c u r r e n t jo b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s .

J o b A n a ly s t I
A s a tr a in e e , p e r fo r m s w ork in d e sig n a te d a r e a s and o f lim ite d o ccu p atio n al s c o p e .

R e c e iv e s im m e d ia te s u p e r v is io n in a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e tr a in in g in the a p p lic a t io n
o f e s t a b lis h e d m eth od s and te c h n iq u e s o f jo b a n a ly s is .
Stud ies the le a s t d iffic u lt jo b s and
p r e p a r e s r e p o r t s f o r r e v ie w b y a jo b a n a ly s t o f h ig h e r le v e l.

J o b A n a ly s t II
S tu d ie s, d e s c r i b e s , and ev a lu a te s jo b s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s .
Is u s u a lly a s s ig n e d to the s im p le r k in d s o f b oth w a g e and s a la r ie d jo b s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on su ch a s s ig n m e n ts but is lim ite d b y in s t r u c t io n s o f h is s u p e r io r and
b y d e fin e d a r e a o f a s s ig n m e n t.

J o b A n a ly s t III
A n a ly z e s and e v a lu a te s a v a r ie t y o f w ag e and s a la r ie d jo b s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith
e s t a b lis h e d e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m s and p r o c e d u r e s . M ay co n d u c t w a g e s u r v e y s w ith in th e lo c a li t y
o r p a r t ic ip a te in c o n d u c tin g s u r v e y s o f b r o a d c o m p e n s a tio n a r e a s .
M a y a s s i s t in d e v e lo p in g
s u r v e y m e th o d s and p la n s . R e c e iv e s g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n but r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r fin a l a c tio n
is lim ite d .




64

JO B A N A L Y S T ---- C on tin u ed

J ob A n a ly s t IV
A n a ly z e s and e v a lu a te s a v a r ie t y o f jo b s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith e s t a b lis h e d e v a lu a tio n
s y s t e m s and p r o c e d u r e s , and is g iv e n a s s ig n m e n t w h ich r e g u la r ly in c lu d e s r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r
the m o r e d iffic u lt k in ds o f j o b s .
( " M o r e d iffic u lt " m e a n s jo b s w h ich c o n s is t o f h a r d - t o u n d ersta n d w o r k p r o c e s s e s ; e . g . , p r o f e s s io n a l, s c ie n t if i c , a d m in is t r a t iv e , o r te c h n ic a l; o r
jo b s in new or e m e r g in g o c c u p a t io n a l fie ld s ; or_ jo b s w h ich a r e b e in g e s t a b lis h e d as p a rt o f
the c r e a t io n o f new o r g a n iz a tio n s ; o r w h e r e oth er s p e c ia l c o n s id e r a t io n s of th e s e ty p e s a p p ly .)
R e c e iv e s g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , but r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r fin a l a c tio n is lim ite d . M ay p a r t ic ip a te
in the d e v e lo p m e n t and in s t a lla tio n o f e v a lu a tio n or c o m p e n s a tio n s y s t e m s , w h ich m a y in clu d e
th o se fo r m e r it ra tin g p r o g r a m s .
M a y p la n s u r v e y m e th o d s and co n d u ct or d ir e c t w a g e
s u r v e y s w ith in a b r o a d c o m p e n s a tio n a r e a .

D IR E C T O R O F P E R S O N N E L *
3
1

D ir e c t s a p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t p r o g r a m fo r a c o m p a n y o r fo r a plant or e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t o f a c o m p a n y . F o r a jo b to be c o v e r e d b y th is d e fin it io n , the p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e ­
m en t p r o g r a m m u st in clu d e r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r a ll th r e e o f the fo llo w in g fu n c tio n s :
(1)
A d m in is t e r in g a fo r m a l jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m ; i . e . , a s y s t e m in w h ich th e r e
a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s b y w h ich jo b s a r e a n a ly z e d and e v a lu a te d on the b a s is o f
th e ir d u tie s , r e s p o n s ib ili t ie s , and q u a lific a t io n r e q u ir e m e n t s in o r d e r to p r o v id e a
fo u n d a tio n f o r eq u ita b le c o m p e n s a tio n . T y p ic a lly , su ch a s y s t e m in c lu d e s the u s e o f one
or m o r e s e ts o f jo b e v a lu a tio n fa c t o r s and the p r e p a r a t io n o f fo r m a l jo b d e s c r ip t i o n s .
It m a y a ls o in clu d e su ch r e la t e d fu n c tio n s as w ag e and s a la r y s u r v e y s o r m e r it r a tin g
s y s t e m a d m in is t r a tio n . The jo b e v a lu a tio n s y s t e m (s ) d o e s not n e c e s s a r i l y c o v e r a ll jo b s
in the o r g a n iz a tio n , but d o e s c o v e r a s u b s ta n tia l p o r t io n o f the o r g a n iz a tio n .
(Z)
E m p lo y m e n t and p la c e m e n t fu n c tio n s ; i . e . , r e c r u it in g a c t iv e ly fo r at le a s t s o m e
kin d s o f w o r k e r s th rou g h a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e s ( e . g . , s c h o o ls o r c o l l e g e s , e m p lo y m e n t
a g e n c ie s , p r o f e s s io n a l s o c i e t i e s , e t c .) ; ev a lu a tin g a p p lic a n ts a g a in s t dem an d s o f p a r t i c ­
u la r jo b s b y u s e o f su ch te c h n iq u e s as jo b a n a ly s is to d e t e r m in e r e q u ir e m e n t s , in t e r ­
v ie w s , w r it te n t e s ts o f a p titu d e, k n o w le d g e , o r s k ill, r e f e r e n c e c h e c k s , e x p e r ie n c e
e v a lu a t io n s , e t c .; r e c o m m e n d in g s e le c t io n s and jo b p la c e m e n t s to m a n a g e m e n t, e t c .
(3)
E m p lo y e e r e la t io n s and s e r v i c e s fu n c tio n s ; i . e . , fu n c tio n s d e s ig n e d to m a in ta in
e m p lo y e e s ' m o r a le and p r o d u c t iv it y at a h igh le v e l (fo r e x a m p le , a d m in is t e r in g a fo r m a l
o r in fo r m a l g r ie v a n c e p r o c e d u r e ; id e n tify in g and r e c o m m e n d in g s o lu tio n s fo r p e r s o n n e l
p r o b le m s su ch as a b s e n t e e is m , h igh tu r n o v e r , lo w p r o d u c t iv it y , e t c .; a d m in is t r a tio n o f
b e n e fic ia l s u g g e s tio n s s y s t e m , r e t ir e m e n t , p e n s io n , o r in s u r a n c e p la n s , m e r it r a tin g
s y s t e m , e t c .; o v e r s e e in g c a fe t e r ia o p e r a t io n s , r e c r e a t io n a l p r o g r a m s , in d u s tr ia l h ea lth
o r s a fe ty p r o g r a m s , e t c .).

E m p lo y e e tr a in in g and d e v e lo p m e n t fu n c tio n s m a y o r m a y not b e p a rt o f the p e r ­
so n n e l m a n a g e m e n t p r o g r a m fo r p u r p o s e s o f m a tc h in g th is d e fin itio n .

L a b o r r e la t io n a c t i v it ie s , if an y, a r e c o n fin e d m a in ly to the a d m in is t r a tio n , in t e r ­
p r e ta tio n , and a p p lic a t io n o f la b o r u n ion c o n t r a c t s and a r e e s s e n t ia lly s im ila r to th o s e d e ­
s c r ib e d u n der (3) a b o v e .
If r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r a c tu a l c o n t r a c t n e g o tia tio n w ith la b o r u n ion s
as the p r in c ip a l c o m p a n y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e is c o n s id e r e d a s ig n ific a n t one in the jo b , i . e . , the
one w h ich s e r v e s as the p r im a r y b a s is fo r q u a lific a t io n r e q u ir e m e n t s and c o m p e n s a tio n , the
jo b is e x c lu d e d f r o m b e in g m a tc h e d w ith th is d e fin itio n .
P a r t ic ip a t io n in b a rg a in in g o f a
l e s s s ig n ific a n t n a tu r e , e . g . , to n e g o tia te d e t a ile d s e ttle m e n t o f su ch m a tt e r s as s p e c i f i c
r a t e s , jo b c la s s i f i c a t i o n s , w o r k r u le s , h ir in g o r la y o ff p r o c e d u r e s , e t c . , w ith in the b r o a d
t e r m s o f a g e n e r a l a g r e e m e n t r e a c h e d at h ig h e r l e v e l s , o r to su p p ly a d v ic e and in fo r m a t io n
on t e c h n ic a l p oin ts to the c o m p a n y 's p r in c ip a l r e p r e s e n t a t iv e , w ill not h ave the e ffe c t o f e x ­
c lu d in g the jo b f r o m c o v e r a g e .




65
D IR E C T O R O F P E R S O N N E L — C on tin u ed

T h e d ir e c t o r o f p e r s o n n e l not o n ly d ir e c t s a p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t p r o g r a m o f the
in te n sity and s c o p e o u tlin e d p r e v i o u s ly , but (to b e a p r o p e r m a tch ) he is r e c o g n i z e d b y the
top m a n a g e m e n t o f f i c i a l s o f the o r g a n iz a tio n he s e r v e s as the s o u r c e o f a d v ic e and a s s is t a n c e
on p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t m a tt e r s and p r o b le m s g e n e r a lly .
F o r e x a m p le , he is t y p ic a lly
c o n s u lte d on the p e r s o n n e l im p lic a t io n s o f p la n n ed ch a n g e s in m a n a g e m e n t p o li c y o r p r o ­
g r a m , the e ffe c t s on the o r g a n iz a tio n o f e c o n o m ic o r m a r k e t t r e n d s , p r o d u c t o r p r o d u c tio n
m eth od c h a n g e s , e t c . ; he r e p r e s e n t s m a n a g e m e n t in e x te r n a l c o n t a c ts w ith o th e r c o m p a n ie s ,
tr a d e a s s o c ia t io n s , g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c ie s , e t c . , w hen the p r im a r y s u b je c t m a tte r o f the c o n ­
ta ct is on p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t m a t t e r s .

T y p ic a lly , the d i r e c t o r o f p e r s o n n e l r e p o r t s to a c o m p a n y o f f i c e r o r a h igh m a n a g e ­
m en t o f f i c i a l w ho h as r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r the o p e r a t io n o f a plant o r e s t a b lis h m e n t o f a c o m ­
pany; o r , at c o m p a n y h e a d q u a r te r s le v e l, he m a y r e p o r t to a c o m p a n y o f f i c e r in c h a r g e o f
in d u s tr ia l r e la t io n s and p e r s o n n e l m a n a g e m e n t a c t iv it ie s o r a s i m il a r o f f i c i a l .

D ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l jo b s w h ich m e e t the a b o v e d e fin itio n a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y le v e l 29
o f w o r k in a c c o r d a n c e w ith the fo llo w in g ta b u la tion :

Personnel program
operations level 1
Number o f em ployees in
work force serviced
250-750------------------------------------------------------------1 .0 0 0 - 5 ,0 0 0 --------------------------------------------------6 .0 0 0 - 12,000------------------------------------------------1 5 .0 0 0 - 2 5,000-----------------------------------------------

Organization
serviced—
type A 3
I
II
III
IV

Organization
serviced—
type B 4
II
III
IV
V

Personnel program
developm ent le v e l2
Organization
serviced—
type A 3
II
III
IV
V

Organization
serviced—
type B 4
III
IV
V
-

Personnel program operations le v e l— director of personnel servicing an organizational segment (e . g . , a plant)
of a com pany, where the basic personnel program policies, plans, objectives, e t c . , are established at company head­
quarters or at some other higher level between the plant and the com pany headquarters level.
The personnel di­
rector's responsibility is to put these into operation at the lo ca l level, in such a manner as to most e ffectively serve
the loca l management needs.
2 Personnel program developm ent le v e l— director of personnel servicing an entire company (with or without
subordinate establishments) where the personnel director plays an important role in establishment o f basic personnel
p olicies, plans, objectives, etc. , for the com pany, subject to policy direction and control from company officers.
There may be instances in which there is such relatively com plete delegation o f personnel program planning and
developm ent responsibility below the com pany level to an intermediate organization, e .g . , a subsidiary or a division,
that a job of personnel director for such an organization should be matched as though it were a com pany level job.
Organization serviced— type A — jobs serviced are (alm ost exclusively) types which are com m on in the labor
market generally, and consist of relatively easy-to-understand work processes, or for similar reasons do not present
particularly difficult recruitment, job evaluation, or training problems.
Work force, organizational structure, and
other organizational characteristics are relatively stable.
Organization serviced— type B—jobs serviced include a substantial number o f types which are largely peculiar
to the organization serviced, consist of hard-to-understand work processes (e. g . , professional, scientific, administra­
tive, or technical), are jobs in new or emerging occupational fields, are in extrem ely short supply, have hard-tomatch skill requirements, or for similar reasons present difficult recruitment, jo b evaluation, or training problems.
Work force, organizational structure, or other organizational characteristics are com plicated, unstable, subject to wide
seasonal fluctuations, etc.
NOTE: There are gaps between different degrees o f all three elements used to determine job level matches.
These gaps have been provided purposely to allow room for judgment in getting the best overall job level match for
each job .
Thus, a job which services a work force o f 850 em ployees should be matched with level II if it is a
personnel program operations level job where the nature o f the organization serviced seems to fall slightly below the
definition for the type B degree. However, the same job should be matched with level I if the nature o f the organi­
zation serviced clearly falls well within the definition for the type A degree.

29

Ibid.




66

CH E M ISTS AND E N G IN EER S

CH E M IST

P e r f o r m s r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t, in t e r p r e t iv e , and a n a ly t ic a l w o r k to d e t e r m in e the
c o m p o s it io n , m o le c u la r s t r u c t u r e , and p r o p e r t ie s o f s u b s ta n c e s , to d e v e lo p o r in v e s tig a te
new m a t e r ia ls and p r o c e s s e s , and to in v e s tig a te the t r a n s fo r m a t io n w h ich s u b s ta n c e s u n d e r g o .
W o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s a B .S . d e g r e e in c h e m is t r y o r e q u iv a le n t in e d u ca tio n and e x p e r ie n c e
c o m b in e d .
C h e m is t I
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . A s the b eg in n in g le v e l o f p r o f e s s io n a l w o r k in c h e m is t r y ,
a b a c h e l o r ’ s d e g r e e w ith m a jo r stu d y in c h e m is t r y , o r eq u iv a le n t is r e q u ir e d .
T y p ic a lly
r e c e iv e s fo r m a l c l a s s r o o m o r o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d .
P e r f o r m s w o r k u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n w ith s p e c if i c and d e ­
ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s as to r e q u ir e d ta sk s and r e s u lts e x p e c t e d .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e p la n n ed to p r o v id e e x p e r ie n c e
in the a p p lic a t io n o f c o m m o n la b o r a t o r y te c h n iq u e s and fa m ilia r iz a t io n w ith m e th o d s and
p r a c t ic e s in the la b o r a t o r y . P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f rou tin e a n a ly s e s , t e s t s , and o p e r a t io n s ,
and a s s i s t s e x p e r ie n c e d c h e m is t s b y c a r r y in g out d e ta ile d ste p s o f e x p e r im e n t s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

N on e.

C h e m is t II
G en era l c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
A t th is con tin u in g d e v e lo p m e n ta l le v e l f o r p r o f e s s io n a l
c h e m is t s , w o r k is c h a r a c t e r iz e d b y s e l e c t io n and a p p lic a t io n o f g e n e r a l and s p e c ia liz e d
m e t h o d s , t e c h n iq u e s , and in s tru m e n ts c o m m o n ly u s e d in the la b o r a t o r y .
M ay r e c e i v e a d ­
v a n c e d o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g o r fo r m a l c l a s s r o o m in s t r u c t io n .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . S u p e r v is o r s e s t a b lis h th e n a tu re and ex ten t o f a n a ly s is r e q u ir e d ,
s p e c ify m e th o d s and c r i t e r i a on new ty p e s o f a s s ig n m e n ts , and r e v ie w w o r k fo r th o r o u g h n e s s
o f a p p lic a t io n o f m e th o d s and a c c u r a c y o f r e s u lt s .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . A n a ly z e s a w id e v a r ie t y o f s a m p le s fo r w h ich
th e r e a r e sta n d a r d o r e s t a b lis h e d m e th o d s o f a n a ly s is o r fo r w h ich the a d a p ta tion o f sta n d a rd
m e th o d s is o b v io u s o r d e t e r m in e d b y o t h e r s . C on d u cts s p e c ifie d p h a s e s o f r e s e a r c h p r o je c t s
as an a s s is ta n t to an e x p e r ie n c e d c h e m is t .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

M ay s u p e r v is e a few te c h n ic ia n s o r a id s .

C h e m is t III
G en eral c h a r a c te r is tic s .
P e r f o r m s w o r k r e q u ir in g a p p lic a t io n o f k n o w le d g e o f a
s p e c ia liz e d fie ld o f c h e m is t r y and in g e n u ity in the in d ep en d en t e v a lu a tio n , s e l e c t io n , and
a d a p ta tion o f sta n d a rd m e th o d s and t e c h n iq u e s .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . On ro u tin e w o r k , s u p e r v is io n is v e r y g e n e r a l; u n u su al p r o b le m s
a r e r e s o lv e d w ith c l o s e c o lla b o r a t io n o f s u p e r v i s o r . C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r a p p li­
c a tio n o f sou n d ju d g m e n t in c h o ic e o f m e th o d s and a d e q u a c y o f r e s u lt s .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
D e v e lo p s d e ta ils o f r e s e a r c h and d e v e lo p m e n t
a s s ig n m e n ts in a c c o r d a n c e w ith a lin e o f a p p r o a c h s u g g e s te d b y the s u p e r v is o r and ad apts
m e th o d s to the s p e c i f i c r e q u ir e m e n t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s . A n a ly z e s s a m p le s that r e q u ir e s p e c i a l ­
iz e d tr a in in g b e c a u s e sta n d a rd m e th o d s a r e u n a p p lic a b le , b e c a u s e o f r e q u ir e d in t e r p r e t iv e
ju d g m en t o f q u a lity o f s u b s ta n c e s , o r b e c a u s e o f r e q u ir e d s p e c ia liz e d s k ill in ad aptin g t e c h ­
n iq u es su ch as m i c r o a n a ly s i s .




R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

M ay s u p e r v is e a few te c h n ic ia n s o r a id s .

67
C H E M IS T — C on tin u ed
C h e m is t IV
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . P la n s and c o n d u c ts w o r k in c h e m is t r y r e q u ir in g m a s t e r y
o f s p e c ia liz e d te c h n iq u e s o r c o n s id e r a b le in g e n u ity in s e le c t in g and ev a lu a tin g a p p r o a c h e s to
u n fo r e s e e n o r n o v e l p r o b le m s .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . G e n e r a lly w o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o f t e c h n ic a l s u p e r v is io n but r e ­
f e r s p r o p o s e d p la n s and u n u su a lly im p o rta n t o r c o m p le x p r o b le m s to s u p e r v i s o r f o r g u id a n ce .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
C on d u cts r e s e a r c h a s s ig n m e n ts r e q u ir in g the
e v a lu a tio n o f a lte r n a te m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h .
U n d erta k es the m o r e c o m p le x , and e x a c tin g ,
o r e s o t e r i c a n a ly t ic a l a s s ig n m e n ts r e q u ir in g a s p e c ia lis t in te c h n iq u e o r p r o d u c t . P r e p a r e s
in t e r p r e t iv e r e p o r t s o f r e s u lt s and m a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l a d v ic e on s i g n ific a n c e o f r e s u lt s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
and t e c h n ic ia n s .

M ay s u p e r v is e a s m a ll s t a ff o f c h e m is t s

C h e m is t V
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . P a r t ic ip a t e s in p la n n in g r e s e a r c h p r o g r a m s on the b a s is
o f s p e c ia liz e d k n o w le d g e o f p r o b le m s and m e th o d s and p r o b a b le v a lu e o f r e s u lt s . M ay s e r v e
as an e x p e r t in a n a r r o w s p e c ia lt y m a k in g r e c o m m e n d a tio n s and c o n c lu s io n s w h ich s e r v e as
the b a s is fo r u n d erta k in g o r r e je c t in g im p o rta n t p r o je c t s .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d .
U s u a lly d is c u s s e s im p o rta n t d e v e lo p m e n ts w ith s u p e r v i s o r .
S u p e r v is io n r e c e iv e d r e la t e s la r g e ly to w o r k o b je c t iv e s and a d m in is t r a tiv e a s p e c t s .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . F r o m b r o a d p r o g r a m o b j e c t iv e s , p la n s , o r g a ­
n iz e s , and s u p e r v is e s o r c o n d u c ts r e s e a r c h in v e s tig a tio n s w ith r e s p o n s ib ili t y f o r d e fin in g
p r o je c t s and s c o p e and in d e p e n d e n tly s e le c t in g lin e s o f a p p r o a c h .

s c ie n t ifi c

A s in d iv id u a l w o r k e r , c a r r i e s out r e s e a r c h p r o je c t r e q u ir in g
te c h n iq u e s and m a tu re b a c k g r o u n d o f k n o w le d g e o f r e la t e d

o r ig in a tio n o f new
fie ld s o f s c ie n c e .

R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s . M ay s u p e r v is e a s m a ll g r o u p o f c h e m is t s
e n g a g e d in v a r ie d r e s e a r c h p r o je c t s o r a la r g e r g ro u p on ro u tin e a n a ly t ic a l w o r k .
C h e m is t V I
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . P e r f o r m s w o r k r e q u ir in g le a d e r s h ip and e x p e r t k n o w le d g e
in a s p e c ia liz e d fie ld o f c h e m is t r y . C o n c e iv e s , p la n s , and d ir e c t s p r o je c t s o f a p io n e e r in g
n a tu re to c r e a t e n ew m e th o d s and te c h n iq u e s o r to r e s o lv e p r o b le m s w h ich h av e p r o v e d u n ­
u s u a lly r e f r a c t o r y .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . S u p e r v is io n r e c e i v e d is e s s e n t ia lly a d m in is t r a tiv e w ith a s s i g n ­
m en ts b r o a d ly in d ic a te d in t e r m s o f o b j e c t iv e s .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
D e te r m in e s the k in d s o f p r o je c t s and data
n e e d e d to m e e t o b je c t iv e s o f p r o g r a m s .
M ain ta in s lia is o n w ith r e la t e d o r g a n iz a tio n s and
r e p r e s e n t s the la b o r a t o r y in im p o rta n t c o n fe r e n c e s w ith a u th o r ity to c o m m it the o r g a n iz a ­
tio n .
M a y s e r v e as a co n s u lta n t to o th e r c h e m is t s in the s p e c ia lt y fie ld .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
the w o r k o f a g ro u p o f c h e m is t s .

M ay p la n , o r g a n iz e , d ir e c t , and e v a lu a te

C h e m is t V II
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . S u p e r v is o r — p r o v id e s le a d e r s h ip and s c ie n t if i c g u id a n ce
fo r a b r o a d and d i v e r s if ie d p r o g r a m in c h e m is t r y and r e la t e d su p p o r tin g a c t iv it ie s s u c h as
to r e q u ir e s e v e r a l su b o r d in a te s u p e r v i s o r s r e s p o n s ib le fo r p r o g r a m s t y p ic a lly id e n tifie d w ith
le v e l V I. R e c o m m e n d s the f a c i l i t i e s , p e r s o n n e l, and funds r e q u ir e d to c a r r y out p r o g r a m s
and e v a lu a te s a c c o m p lis h m e n t s .




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C H E M IS T — C on tin u ed
In d iv id u a l r e s e a r c h e r and c o n s u lta n t— is a n o n s u p e r v is o r y c h e m is t o f r e c o g n iz e d
le a d e r s h ip statu s and a u th o r ita tiv e n e s s in h is c o m p a n y , in a b r o a d a r e a o f s p e c i a l i z a ­
tio n .
Is c o n s u lte d e x t e n s iv e ly b y a s s o c ia t e s and o th e r s w ith a h igh d e g r e e o f r e lia n c e
p la c e d on h is s c ie n t if i c in te r p r e ta t io n s and a d v ic e .
D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .

U n der g e n e r a l a d m in is t r a tiv e d ir e c t io n .

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
S u p e r v is o r — is r e s p o n s ib le fo r an im p o rta n t
s e g m e n t o f a c h e m ic a l p r o g r a m o f a c o m p a n y w ith e x te n s iv e and d i v e r s if ie d s c ie n t if i c r e ­
q u ir e m e n ts o r the e n tir e c h e m ic a l p r o g r a m o f a c o m p a n y w h e r e th e p r o g r a m is lim it e d in
scope.
M ak es a u th o r ita tiv e t e c h n ic a l r e c o m m e n d a tio n s c o n c e r n in g th e s c ie n t ifi c o b je c t iv e s
and le v e ls o f w o r k w h ich w ill b e m o s t p r o fit a b le in th e lig h t o f c o m p a n y r e q u ir e m e n t s and
s c ie n t ifi c and in d u s tr ia l tr e n d s and d e v e lo p m e n ts .
In d iv id u a l r e s e a r c h e r and c o n s u lta n t— s e l e c t s p r o b le m s fo r r e s e a r c h and c o n c e iv e s
and p la n s in v e s tig a t io n s in w h ich the p h e n o m e n a and p r in c ip le s a r e not a d e q u a te ly u n d e r ­
s t o o d , s o that ou tsta n d in g c r e a t iv it y and m a tu re ju d g m e n t a r e r e q u ir e d to d e v is e h y p o th ­
e s e s and te c h n iq u e s o f e x p e r im e n ta t io n and to in te r p r e t r e s u lt s . A d v is e s the h ead o f a
la r g e la b o r a t o r y on c o m p le x a s p e c t s o f e x t r e m e ly b r o a d and im p o rta n t p r o g r a m s w ith
r e s p o n s ib ili t y fo r e x p lo r in g , ju s t ify in g , and e v a lu a tin g p r o p o s e d and c u r r e n t p r o g r a m s
and p r o je c t s and fu rn is h in g a d v ic e on u n u su a lly c o m p le x and n o v e l p r o b le m s in the s p e ­
c ia lt y fie ld .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y
is tic s " above.

fo r

the

d ir e c t io n

of

oth ers.

S u p e r v is o r — s e e

"g en era l ch a ra cte r ­

C h e m is t V III
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . S u p e r v is o r — p r o v id e s le a d e r s h ip and s c ie n t ifi c g u id a n ce
fo r a v e r y b r o a d and h ig h ly d iv e r s if ie d p r o g r a m in c h e m is t r y and r e la t e d su p p o r tin g a c t i v ­
it ie s r e q u ir in g s e v e r a l s u b o r d in a te s u p e r v i s o r s r e s p o n s ib le f o r p r o g r a m s t y p ic a lly id e n tifie d
w ith le v e l V II, o r a la r g e n u m b e r o f s u p e r v i s o r s o f lo w e r le v e l s .
R e c o m m e n d s the f a c i l ­
it ie s , p e r s o n n e l, and funds r e q u ir e d f o r p r o g r a m s and e v a lu a te s a c c o m p lis h m e n t s .
In d iv id u a l r e s e a r c h e r
on s c ie n t ifi c q u e s tio n s o f
is t s w ho a r e t h e m s e lv e s
le a d e r and c o n s u lta n t fo r
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d .

and c o n s u lta n t— s e r v e s as a c o n s u lta n t to t o p - l e v e l m a n a g e m e n t
f a r - r e a c h in g s ig n ific a n c e . Is sou g h t as a c o n s u lta n t b y c h e m ­
s p e c ia lis t s in the fie ld .
Is a n a tio n a lly r e c o g n iz e d r e s e a r c h
h is c o m p a n y .
R e c e iv e s

g e n e r a l a d m in is t r a tiv e d ir e c t io n .

T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
S u p e r v is o r — is r e s p o n s ib le fo r an im p o rta n t
s e g m e n t o f a c h e m ic a l p r o g r a m o f a c o m p a n y w ith v e r y e x te n s iv e and h ig h ly d iv e r s if ie d
s c ie n t ifi c r e q u ir e m e n t s o r the e n tir e c h e m ic a l p r o g r a m o f a c o m p a n y w h e r e the p r o g r a m is
o f m o d e r a te s c o p e . Is r e s p o n s ib le f o r d e c id in g th e k in d and ex ten t o f c h e m ic a l and r e la t e d
p r o g r a m n e e d e d to a c c o m p li s h the o b je c t iv e s o f the c o m p a n y , f o r c h o o s in g the s c ie n t ifi c a p ­
p r o a c h e s , f o r p la n n in g and o r g a n iz in g f a c ili t ie s and p r o g r a m s , and fo r in te r p r e tin g r e s u lt s .
In d iv id u a l r e s e a r c h e r and c o n s u lta n t— fo r m u la t e s and g u id e s the a tta ck on e x c e p t io n ­
a lly d iffic u lt and im p o rta n t p r o b le m s w h o s e s o lu tio n w o u ld r e p r e s e n t a m a jo r s c ie n t ifi c
o r t e c h n o lo g ic a l a d v a n c e .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y
is tic s " above.




fo r

the

d ir e c t io n

of

o th ers.

S u p e r v is o r — s e e

"g e n e ra l c h a r a c te r ­

T h is le v e l d o e s not in c lu d e th e c h ie f c h e m is t o f a c o m p a n y w ith a
v e r y e x te n s iv e and h ig h ly d i v e r s if ie d p r o g r a m ; o r the a s s is ta n t c h ie f
c h e m is t o f a c o m p a n y w ith an u n u su a lly e x te n s iv e and n o v e l c h e m ic a l
program .

69
E N G IN E E R

P e r f o r m s w o r k in r e s e a r c h , d e v e lo p m e n t, d e s ig n , te s tin g , a n a ly s is , p r o d u c tio n , c o n ­
s t r u c tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o p e r a t io n , p la n n in g, s u r v e y , e s tim a tin g , a p p lic a t io n , o r s t a n d a r d iz a ­
tio n o f e n g in e e r in g f a c i l i t i e s , s y s t e m s , s t r u c t u r e s , p r o c e s s e s , eq u ip m en t d e v ic e s , o r m a ­
t e r ia ls r e q u ir in g k n o w le d g e o f the s c ie n c e and a r t b y w h ich m a t e r ia l s , n a tu ra l r e s o u r c e s ,
and p o w e r a r e m a d e u s e fu l.
W o r k t y p ic a lly r e q u ir e s a B . S. d e g r e e in e n g in e e r in g o r the
e q u iv a le n t in e x p e r ie n c e and e d u ca tio n c o m b in e d .
(S a fe ty e n g in e e r s , in d u s tr ia l e n g in e e r s ,
q u a lity c o n t r o l e n g in e e r s , and s a le s e n g in e e r s a r e to be e x c lu d e d .)

E n g in e e r I

G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . A s the b eg in n in g le v e l o f e n g in e e r in g w o r k , a b a c h e lo r * s
d e g r e e in e n g in e e r in g o r e q u iv a le n t is r e q u ir e d .
T y p ic a lly r e c e i v e s fo r m a l c l a s s r o o m o r
o n - t h e - jo b tr a in in g .

D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . P e r f o r m s w o r k u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n w ith s p e c if i c and d e ­
ta ile d in s t r u c t io n s as to r e q u ir e d ta sk s and r e s u lt s e x p e c t e d . W o r k is c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g ­
r e s s , and u pon c o m p le t io n is r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . P e r f o r m s s im p le ta s k s that a r e p la n n ed to p r o ­
v id e e x p e r ie n c e and fa m ilia r iz a t io n w ith m e th o d s and p r a c t ic e s o f the c o m p a n y in the s p e c ia lt y
fie ld and to a s c e r t a in the in t e r e s t s and a p titu d es o f the b eg in n in g e n g in e e r .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

N on e.

E n g in e e r II

G en eral c h a r a c te r is tic s .
A t th is con tin u in g d e v e lo p m e n ta l le v e l, p e r fo r m s rou tin e
e n g in e e r in g w o r k r e q u ir in g a p p lic a t io n o f sta n d a rd te c h n iq u e s , p r o c e d u r e s , and c r i t e r i a in
c a r r y in g out a s e q u e n c e o f r e la t e d e n g in e e r in g ta s k s . L im ite d e x e r c i s e o f ju d g m en t is r e ­
q u ir e d on d e t a ils o f w o r k .
M ay r e c e iv e a d v a n c e d o n - t h e - jo b o r c l a s s r o o m in s t r u c t io n s .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . S u p e r v is o r s c r e e n s a s s ig n m e n ts to e lim in a te d iffic u lt p r o b le m s
and s e l e c t s te c h n iq u e s and p r o c e d u r e s to b e a p p lie d .
R e c e iv e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on new
a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
U sin g p r e s c r i b e d m e t h o d s , p e r fo r m s s p e c if i c
and lim it e d p o r tio n s o f a b r o a d e r a s s ig n m e n t o f an e x p e r ie n c e d e n g in e e r . A p p lie s sta n d a rd
p r a c t ic e s and te c h n iq u e s in s p e c i f i c s itu a tio n s , a d ju sts and c o r r e l a t e s da ta, r e c o g n iz e s d i s ­
c r e p a n c ie s in r e s u lt s , and fo llo w s o p e r a t io n s th ro u g h a s e r i e s o f r e la t e d d e ta ile d ste p s o r
p rocesses.
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .

M ay s u p e r v is e a few a id s o r t e c h n ic ia n s .

E n g in e e r III

G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . W o r k r e q u ir e s in d epen den t e v a lu a tio n , s e le c t io n , and a p ­
p lic a t io n o f sta n d a rd e n g in e e r in g te c h n iq u e s , p r o c e d u r e s , and c r i t e r i a , u sin g ju d g m en t and
in g en u ity in m a k in g m in o r a d a p ta tion s and m o d ific a t io n s .

D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . R e c e iv e s in s t r u c t io n on s p e c if i c a s s ig n m e n t o b je c t iv e s , p oin ts
o f e m p h a s is , r e f e r e n c e and in fo r m a t io n s o u r c e s , and p o s s ib le s o lu t io n s . U n usu al p r o b le m s
a r e s o lv e d jo in t ly w ith s u p e r v i s o r , and w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r a p p lic a t io n o f sou n d e n g in e e r in g
ju d g m e n t.




70

E N G IN E E R ----C on tin u ed

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . A s s ig n m e n ts in clu d e e q u ip m e n t d e s ig n and d e ­
v e lo p m e n t, te s t o f m a t e r ia l s , p r e p a r a t io n o f s p e c if i c a t io n s , p r o c e s s stu d y , r e s e a r c h in v e s ­
tig a t io n s , r e p o r t p r e p a r a t io n , and o th e r a c t iv it ie s o f lim ite d s c o p e r e q u ir in g k n o w le d g e o f
p r i n c i p l e s , p r a c t i c e s , and te c h n iq u e s c o m m o n ly e m p lo y e d in the s p e c if i c n a r r o w a r e a o f
a s s ig n m e n ts .
P e r f o r m s w o r k w h ich in v o lv e s c o n v e n tio n a l ty p es o f p la n s , in v e s t ig a t io n s ,
s u r v e y s , s t r u c t u r e s , o r e q u ip m e n t w ith r e la t iv e ly few c o m p le x fe a t u r e s fo r w h ich th e r e a r e
p reced en ts.
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
M ay s u p e r v is e the w o r k
i n s p e c t o r s , and o th e r te c h n ic ia n s a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t in the w o r k .

of

d r a ft s m e n ,

E n g in e e r IV

G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . W o r k r e q u ir e s o r ig in a lit y and ju d g m e n t in the in d ep en d en t
evaluation"] s e l e c t io n , and s u b s ta n tia l ad a p ta tion and m o d ific a t io n o f sta n d a rd te c h n iq u e s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , and c r i t e r i a .
Is r e c o g n i z e d as fu lly c o m p e te n t in a ll c o n v e n t io n a l a s p e c t s o f
the s u b je c t -m a t t e r o r fu n c tio n a l a r e a o f a s s ig n m e n ts .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . R e c e iv e s d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce p r im a r i ly on n o v e l
o r c o n t r o v e r s i a l p r o b le m s o r q u e s t io n s .
M a k es in d ep en d en t te c h n ic a l d e c is i o n s on d e ta ils
o f w o r k c o v e r e d by p r e c e d e n t s .
T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
P la n s , s c h e d u le s , and c o o r d in a t e s d e t a ile d
p h a s e s o f the e n g in e e r in g w o r k in a p a r t o f a m a jo r p r o je c t o r in a to ta l p r o j e c t o f m o d e r a t e
scop e.
D e v is e s new a p p r o a c h e s to p r o b le m s e n c o u n t e r e d .
P e r f o r m s w o r k w h ich in v o lv e s
c o n v e n tio n a l e n g in e e r in g p r a c t ic e but in clu d e s a v a r ie t y o f c o m p le x fe a t u r e s su ch as c o n f l i c t ­
ing d e s ig n r e q u ir e m e n t s , u n s u ita b ility o f sta n d a rd m a t e r ia l s , and d iffic u lt c o o r d in a t io n r e ­
q u ir e m e n ts .
W ork r e q u ir e s a b r o a d k n o w le d g e o f p r e c e d e n t s in the s p e c ia lt y a r e a and a
g o o d k n o w le d g e o f p r in c ip le s and p r a c t ic e s o f r e la t e d s p e c ia lt i e s .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
n ic ia n s on ro u tin e w o r k .

M a y s u p e r v is e a few e n g in e e r s o r t e c h ­

E n g in e e r V

G en eral c h a r a c te r is tic s .
W o r k r e q u ir e s a p p lic a tio n o f in te n s iv e and d iv e r s if ie d
k n o w le d g e o f e n g in e e r in g p r in c ip le s and p r a c t ic e s in b r o a d a r e a s o f a s s ig n m e n ts and r e la t e d
f ie ld s .
M a k e s d e c is i o n s in d ep en d en tly on e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s and m e t h o d s , and r e p r e ­
sen ts the o r g a n iz a tio n in c o n fe r e n c e s to r e s o lv e im p o rta n t q u e s tio n s and to p la n and c o ­
o r d in a te w o r k .
P o s it io n s m a y b e s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d .
R e c e iv e s
w o r k o b je c t iv e s and c r i t i c a l is s u e s .

s u p e r v is io n and

g u id a n ce

o n ly in t e r m s o f

s p e c if i c

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . S u p e r v is o r — p la n s , d e v e lo p s , c o o r d i n a t e s , and
d ir e c t s a la r g e and im p o rta n t e n g in e e r in g p r o je c t o r a n u m b e r o f s m a ll p r o je c t s w ith m a n y
c o m p le x fe a t u r e s .
N o n s u p e r v is o r y r e s e a r c h e r — c a r r i e s ou t c o m p le x o r n o v e l r e s e a r c h
r e q u ir in g the d e v e lo p m e n t of new o r im p r o v e d te c h n iq u e s and p r o c e d u r e s .
N o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t — d e v e lo p s and ev a lu a te s p la n s
v a r ie t y o f p r o je c t s and a c t iv it ie s to b e c a r r i e d out b y o th e r s .

and

a s s ig n m e n ts

c r it e r ia fo r a

R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s . S u p e r v is o r — s u p e r v i s e s , c o o r d i n a t e s , and
r e v ie w s the w o r k o f a s m a ll s ta ff o f e n g in e e r s and t e c h n ic ia n s .
E s tim a t e s m a n p o w e r n e e d s
and s c h e d u le s and a s s ig n s w o r k to m e e t c o m p le t io n d a te.




71

E N G IN E E R — C on tin u ed

E n g in e e r V I
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . W o r k is c h a r a c t e r iz e d b y fu ll te c h n ic a l r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r
in t e r p r e t in g , o r g a n iz in g , e x e c u tin g , and c o o r d in a tin g a s s ig n m e n ts .
M a in ta in s lia is o n w ith
o th e r o r g a n iz a tio n s o r c o m p a n ie s .
P o s it io n s m a y b e s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y .
D ir e c t io n r e c e i v e d . A s s ig n m e n ts a r e r e c e iv e d in te r m s o f b r o a d g e n e r a l o b je c t iv e s
and lim it s .
S u p e r v is io n c o n c e r n s a d m in is t r a tiv e fe a t u r e s o f the w o r k .
T y p ic a l d u ties and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s .
C o n c e iv e s and p la n s e n g in e e r in g p r o je c t s in ­
v o lv in g e x p lo r a tio n o f s u b je c t a r e a , d e fin it io n o f s c o p e and s e l e c t io n o f p r o b le m s fo r in v e s ­
tig a tio n , and d e v e lo p m e n t o f n o v e l c o n c e p ts and a p p r o a c h e s .
S u p e r v is o r — p la n s , d e v e lo p s , c o o r d i n a t e s , and d ir e c t s a n u m b er o f la r g e and i m ­
p o rta n t p r o je c t s o r a p r o je c t o f m a jo r s c o p e and im p o r t a n c e .
N o n s u p e r v is o r y r e s e a r c h e r — p la n s and c o n d u c ts r e s e a r c h o r o th e r w o r k r e q u ir in g
p io n e e r in g in a r e a s in w h ich la r g e b lo c k s o f data a r e c o n t r o v e r s i a l o r unknow n.
N o n s u p e r v is o r y s ta ff s p e c ia lis t -— as an e x p e r t in a s p e c if i c fie ld , p e r f o r m s a d v is o r y ,
c o n s u ltin g , and r e v ie w w o r k .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
S u p e r v is o r — d ir e c t s a s t a ff o f p r o je c t e n g i­
n e e r s and a s s is t a n t s . E v a lu a te s p r o g r e s s o f the s t a ff and r e s u lt s o b ta in e d , and r e c o m m e n d s
m a jo r c h a n g e s to a c h ie v e o v e r a ll o b j e c t iv e s .

E n g in e e r V II
G en era l c h a r a c t e r is tic s .
W o rk is c h a r a c t e r iz e d by d e c is io n s and r e c o m m e n d a tio n s
w h ich a r e r e c o g n i z e d as a u th o r ita tiv e and h ave an im p o rta n t im p a c t on e x te n s iv e e n g in e e r in g
a c t i v it ie s .
In itia te s and m a in ta in s e x te n s iv e c o n ta c ts w ith k e y e n g in e e r s and o f f i c i a l s o f
o th e r o r g a n iz a tio n s and c o m p a n ie s ; th is r e q u ir e s s k ill in p e r s u a s io n and n e g o tia tio n s o f
c r it ic a l is s u e s .
P o s it io n s m a y b e s u p e r v is o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y .
D ir e c t i o n r e c e i v e d .

R e c e iv e s g e n e r a l a d m in is t r a tiv e d ir e c t io n .

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . D e m o n s tr a t e s c r e a t iv it y , fo r e s ig h t , and m a tu re
e n g in e e r in g ju d g m e n t in a n ticip a tin g and s o lv in g u n p r e c e d e n te d e n g in e e r in g p r o b le m s , d e ­
te r m in in g p r o g r a m o b je c t iv e s and r e q u ir e m e n t s , o r g a n iz in g p r o g r a m s and p r o j e c t s , and d e ­
v e lo p in g sta n d a rd s and g u id es fo r d iv e r s e e n g in e e r in g a c t iv it ie s .
S u p e r v is o r — p la n s , d e v e lo p s , c o o r d i n a t e s , and d ir e c t s an e n g in e e r in g p r o g r a m
s is tin g o f m a n y la r g e and im p o rta n t p r o je c t s .
N o n s u p e r v is o r y — p e r f o r m s a d v is o r y , c o n s u ltin g ,
s p e c ia lis t o r e x p e r t in b r o a d p r o g r a m a r e a s .

and

r e v ie w w o r k

con ­

as a u th o r ita tiv e

R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s . S u p e r v is o r — d ir e c t s a la r g e s ta ff o f p r o j ­
e c t e n g in e e r s , and e n g in e e r s and s c ie n t is t s in su p p ortin g fu n c tio n s .
S e v e r a l su b o r d in a te
s u p e r v i s o r s a r e r e s p o n s ib le fo r p r o je c t s o r a c t iv it ie s t y p ic a lly id e n tifie d w ith l e v e l V I.
E n g in e e r V III
G e n e r a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . W o r k is c h a r a c t e r iz e d b y a u th o r ita tiv e d e c is i o n s and r e c c o m m e n d a tio n s w h ich h ave a fa r - r e a c h in g im p a c t on e x te n s iv e e n g in e e r in g and r e la t e d a c ­
tiv it ie s o f the c o m p a n y .
N e g o tia te s c r i t i c a l and c o n t r o v e r s ia l is s u e s w ith top le v e l e n g i­
n e e r s and o f f i c e r s o f o th e r o r g a n iz a tio n s and c o m p a n ie s .
P o s it io n s m a y b e s u p e r v is o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y .
D ir e c t io n r e c e iv e d .




R e c e iv e s g e n e r a l a d m in is tr a tiv e d ir e c t io n .

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E N G IN E E R — C on tin u ed

T y p ic a l d u tie s and r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s . D e m o n s tr a t e s a h igh d e g r e e o f c r e a t iv it y , f o r e ­
sig h t, and m a tu re e n g in e e r in g ju d g m e n t in p la n n in g , o r g a n iz in g , and g u id in g e x te n s iv e e n g i­
n e e r in g p r o g r a m s and a c t iv it ie s o f ou tsta n d in g n o v e lty and im p o r t a n c e .
S u p e r v is o r — p la n s , d e v e lo p s , c o o r d i n a t e s , and d ir e c t s
s ifie d e n g in e e r in g p r o g r a m c o n s is t in g o f m a n y la r g e and
p o r tin g a c t iv it ie s .

a h ig h ly c o m p le x and d i v e r ­
im p o rta n t p r o je c t s and s u p ­

N o n s u p e r v is o r y — p e r fo r m s a d v is o r y and c o n s u ltin g w o r k fo r h is c o m p a n y as a n a ­
tio n a lly r e c o g n iz e d a u th ority fo r b r o a d p r o g r a m a r e a s o f c o n s id e r a b le n o v e lt y and
im p o r t a n c e .
R e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r the d ir e c t io n o f o t h e r s .
D ir e c t s a v e r y la r g e s t a ff o f p r o j e c t
e n g in e e r s , and e n g in e e r s and s c ie n t is t s in su p p o rtin g fu n c tio n s .
S e v e r a l s u b o r d in a te s u p e r ­
v is o r s a r e r e s p o n s ib le f o r p r o g r a m s , p r o j e c t s , o r a c t iv it ie s t y p ic a lly id e n tifie d w ith le v e l V II.

T h is le v e l d o e s n ot in clu d e p o s itio n s o f c h ie f e n g in e e r s o f c o m p a n ie s
w ith la r g e e n g in e e r in g o r g a n iz a t io n s ; e. g. , th o se en g a g ed in r e s e a r c h
and d e v e lo p m e n t on a v a r ie t y o f c o m p le x w e a p o n s s y s t e m s w ith n u ­
m e r o u s n o v e l c o m p o n e n t s , o r o f c h ie fs o f p r im a r y o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g ­
m e n ts o f c o m p a n ie s w ith v e r y la r g e e n g in e e r in g o r g a n iz a tio n s en g a g ed
in u n u su a lly e x te n s iv e and d iv e r s if ie d r e s e a r c h and d e v e lo p m e n t.

EN G IN E E R IN G TE C H N IC IA N S

EN G IN E E R IN G TE C H N IC IA N *
1
T o be c o v e r e d by th e se d e fin it io n s , e m p lo y e e s m u s t m e e t a ll o f the fo llo w in g c r i t e r i a ;

as

(1 ) P r o v id e s s e m ip r o f e s s io n a l te c h n ic a l s u p p o r t fo r e n g in e e r s w o r k in g in su ch a r e a s
r e s e a r c h , d e s ig n , d e v e lo p m e n t, te s tin g o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p r o c e s s im p r o v e m e n t .
(2 )

W o rk p e r ta in s to e l e c t r i c a l , e l e c t r o n i c , o r m e c h a n ic a l c o m p o n e n ts o r e q u ip m e n t.

(3 )

R e q u ir e d to h ave s o m e k n o w le d g e o f s c ie n c e o r e n g in e e r in g .

(E x c lu d e s p r o d u c tio n o r m a in te n a n ce w o r k e r s ,
d r a fts m e n , d e s ig n e r s , and e n g in e e r s .)

q u a lity

con trol

te s te rs,

c r a ft s m e n ,

E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n I
P e r f o r m s s im p le ro u tin e ta sk s u n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fr o m d e ta ile d p r o c e d u r e s .
W o rk is c h e c k e d in p r o c e s s o r on c o m p le t io n .
P e r f o r m s at th is le v e l, on e o r a c o m b in a ­
tion o f su ch ty p ic a l d u ties a s:
A s s e m b le s o r in s ta lls eq u ip m e n t o r p a rts r e q u ir in g
c o n n e c tin g .

s im p le

w ir in g ,

s o ld e rin g ,

or

P e r f o r m s s im p le o r r o u tin e ta sk s o r te s ts su ch as te n s ile o r h a r d n e s s t e s t s ; o p ­
e r a t e s , and a d ju sts s im p le te s t eq u ip m en t; r e c o r d s te s t data.
G a th e rs and m a in ta in s s p e c ifi e d r e c o r d s o f e n g in e e r in g da ta su ch as t e s t s , and
d r a w in g s ; p e r f o r m s c o m p u ta tio n s by su b stitu tin g n u m b e r s in s p e c ifi e d fo r m u la s ; p lo ts
data and d ra w s s im p le c u r v e s and g r a p h s .




73

EN G IN E E R IN G T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n II
P e r f o r m s s ta n d a r d iz e d o r p r e s c r i b e d a s s ig n m e n t s , in v o lv in g a s e q u e n c e o f r e la t e d
o p e r a t io n s .
F o llo w s sta n d a rd w o r k m e th o d s o r e x p lic it in s t r u c t io n s ; te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y o f
ro u tin e w o r k is r e v ie w e d on c o m p le t io n ; n o n r o u tin e w o r k m a y a ls o b e r e v ie w e d in p r o c e s s .
P e r f o r m s at th is le v e l , on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f su ch ty p ic a l d u tie s a s :
A s s e m b le s o r c o n s t r u c t s s im p le o r sta n d a rd e q u ip m e n t o r p a r t s .
r e p a ir s im p le in s tru m e n ts o r eq u ip m e n t.

M ay s e r v i c e o r

C on d u cts a v a r ie t y o f s ta n d a r d iz e d t e s t s ; m a y p r e p a r e te s t s p e c im e n s ;
o p e r a t e s sta n d a rd te s t eq u ip m en t; r e c o r d s te s t da ta.
E x tr a c ts e n g in e e r in g da ta fr o m v a r io u s p r e s c r i b e d s o u r c e s ; p r o c e s s e s
low in g w e ll d e fin e d m e t h o d s ; p r e s e n t s the data in p r e s c r i b e d fo r m .

s e t s up and

the data f o l ­

E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n III
P e r f o r m s a s s ig n m e n ts that a r e n ot c o m p le t e ly s ta n d a r d iz e d o r p r e s c r i b e d .
S e le c t s
o r adapts sta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s o r eq u ip m e n t.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , e q u ip m e n t r e ­
q u ir e m e n ts and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v i s o r o r e n g in e e r ; t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y o f c o m p le t e d w o r k
is c h e c k e d .
P e r f o r m s at th is l e v e l , on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f su ch t y p ic a l d u tie s a s :
C o n s t r u c ts c o m p o n e n t s , su bu n its o r s im p le m o d e ls o r ad apts
M ay t r o u b le s h o o t and c o r r e c t m a lfu n c tio n s .

sta n d a rd

e q u ip m e n t.

C on d u cts v a r io u s te s ts o r e x p e r im e n ts w h ich m a y r e q u ir e m in o r m o d ific a t io n s in
te s t setu p s o r p r o c e d u r e s ; s e l e c t s , s e t s up and o p e r a t e s sta n d a rd te s t e q u ip m e n t and
r e c o r d s te s t d a ta.
E x tr a c ts and c o m p il e s a v a r ie t y o f e n g in e e r in g data; p r o c e s s e s o r c o m p u te s data
u sin g s p e c if i e d fo r m u la s and p r o c e d u r e s .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e a n a ly s is to c h e c k a p p li­
c a b i lit y , a c c u r a c y , and r e a s o n a b le n e s s o f da ta.
E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n IV
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n ts o f su b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y and c o m p le x it y .
R e c e iv e s
o b je c t iv e s and t e c h n ic a l a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v i s o r o r e n g in e e r ; w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r t e c h n ic a l
ad equ acy.
M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
P e r f o r m s at th is l e v e l , on e o r a
c o m b in a tio n o f su ch t y p ic a l d u tie s a s :
W o r k s on lim it e d s e g m e n t o f d e v e lo p m e n t p r o je c t ; c o n s t r u c t s e x p e r im e n t a l o r p r o ­
totyp e m o d e ls to m e e t e n g in e e r in g r e q u ir e m e n t s ; c o n d u c ts te s ts o r e x p e r im e n t s ; r e c o r d s
and e v a lu a te s data and r e p o r t s fin d in g s .
C on d u cts te s ts o r e x p e r im e n ts r e q u ir in g s e le c t io n and a d a p ta tion o r m o d ific a t io n o f
te s t e q u ip m e n t and t e s t p r o c e d u r e s ; s e t s up and o p e r a t e s e q u ip m e n t; r e c o r d s da ta; a n a ­
ly z e s da ta and p r e p a r e s te s t r e p o r t s .
C o m p ile s and c o m p u te s a v a r ie t y o f e n g in e e r in g data; m a y a n a ly z e te s t and d e s ig n
data; d e v e lo p s o r p r e p a r e s s c h e m a t ic s , d e s ig n s , s p e c if i c a t io n s , p a rts lis t s o r m a k e s
r e c o m m e n d a t io n s r e g a r d in g th e se it e m s .
M ay r e v ie w d e s ig n s o r s p e c ifi c a t io n s fo r
adequ acy.
E n g in e e r in g T e c h n ic ia n V
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e and c o m p le x a s s ig n m e n ts in v o lv in g r e s p o n s ib ili t y f o r plan n in g
and c o n d u c tin g a c o m p le t e p r o j e c t o f r e la t iv e l y lim ite d s c o p e o r a p o r tio n o f a la r g e r and
m o r e d iv e r s e p r o je c t .
S e le c t s and ad apts p la n s , t e c h n iq u e s , d e s ig n s o r la y o u ts .
M ay c o ­
o r d in a te p o r tio n s o f o v e r a l l a s s ig n m e n t; r e v i e w s , a n a ly z e s and in te g r a te s the t e c h n ic a l w o r k




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E N G IN E E R IN G T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

o f oth e rs.
S u p e r v is o r o r p r o f e s s io n a l e n g in e e r o u tlin e s o b j e c t i v e s , r e q u ir e m e n t s and d e s ig n
a p p r o a c h e s ; c o m p le t e d w o r k is r e v ie w e d fo r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y and s a t is fa c t io n o f r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts .
M ay b e a s s is t e d by lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
P e r f o r m s at th is le v e l, on e o r a c o m ­
b in a tio n o f su ch t y p ic a l d u ties a s:
D e s ig n s , d e v e lo p s and c o n s t r u c t s m a jo r u n its , d e v ic e s o r eq u ip m en t; c o n d u c ts te s ts
o r e x p e r im e n t s ; a n a ly z e s r e s u lt s and r e d e s ig n s o r m o d ifie s eq u ip m en t to im p r o v e p e r ­
fo r m a n c e ; r e p o r t s r e s u lt s .
P la n s o r a s s i s t s in plann in g te s ts to e v a lu a te eq u ip m e n t p e r f o r m a n c e .
D e te r m in e s
te s t r e q u ir e m e n t s , eq u ip m en t m o d ific a t io n and te s t p r o c e d u r e s ; c o n d u c ts t e s t s , a n a ly z e s
and e v a lu a te s da ta and p r e p a r e s r e p o r t s on fin d in g s and r e c o m m e n d a t io n s .
R e v ie w s and a n a ly z e s a v a r ie t y o f e n g in e e r in g data to d e t e r m in e r e q u ir e m e n t s to
m e e t e n g in e e r in g o b je c t iv e s ; m a y c a lc u la t e d e s ig n data; p r e p a r e s la y o u ts , d e ta ile d s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s , p a r t s l i s t s , e s t im a t e s , p r o c e d u r e s , e t c .
M ay c h e c k and a n a ly ze d r a w in g s
o r e q u ip m e n t to d e t e r m in e a d e q u a c y o f d r a w in g s and d e s ig n .

DRAFTSM EN
D r a ft s m a n -t r a c e r
C o p ie s p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g c lo t h o r p a p e r
o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p en o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot in clu d e tr a c in g lim ite d to p la n s
p r im a r i ly c o n s is t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a la r g e s c a le n ot r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e tit iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d it e m s .
v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk is c l o s e l y

su per­

D r a fts m a n I
P r e p a r e s d e ta il d r a w in g s o f s in g le units o r p a r ts fo r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in clu d e is o m e t r ic p r o j e c ­
tion s (d e p ic tin g th r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t io n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g
o f c o m p o n e n ts and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju sts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u ir e d .
D ra fts m a n II
P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e and c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n ts that r e q u ir e the a p p lic a t io n
o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d iz e d d ra w in g te c h n iq u e s r e g u la r ly u s e d . D u ties t y p ic a lly in v o lv e su ch
w ork as:
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith ir r e g u la r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le
fu n c tio n s , and p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s fo r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in clu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f fo u n d a tio n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s ,
f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p te d fo r m u la s and m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ­
ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n tities o f m a t e r ia ls to be u s e d , lo a d c a p a c it ie s , s t r e n g th s , s t r e s s e s ,
e tc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v ic e fr o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d
w o r k is c h e c k e d fo r te c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
D ra fts m a n III
P la n s the g ra p h ic p r e s e n ta tio n o f c o m p le x it e m s h avin g d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n fe a t u r e s
that d iffe r s ig n ific a n t ly fr o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g p r e c e d e n t s .
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith
the d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r , and m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s the e f f e c t o f
e a c h ch a n g e on the d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n ts and
p a rts.
W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is r e v ie w e d b y
d e s ig n o r ig in a t o r f o r c o n s is t e n c y w ith p r io r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t io n s .
M ay e it h e r p r e p a r e
d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t th e ir p r e p a r a t io n by lo w e r le v e l d r a fts m e n .




75

C L E R IC A L

CLERK,

A C C O U N T IN G

C le r k ,

A c co u n tin g I

U n der s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e ro u tin e a c c o u n tin g o p e r a t io n s su ch as
p o s tin g s im p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n te r in g v o u c h e r s in v o u c h e r
r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c i lin g bank a c c o u n ts ; and p o s tin g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r s c o n t r o lle d b y g e n e r a l
l e d g e r s , o r p o s tin g s im p le c o s t a c c o u n tin g data.
T h is jo b d o e s n ot r e q u ir e a k n o w le d g e o f
a c c o u n tin g and b o o k k e e p in g p r in c ip le s , but is fou nd in o f f i c e s in w h ich the m o r e r o u tin e a c ­
cou n tin g w o r k is s u b d iv id e d on a fu n c tio n a l b a s is a m on g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .
C le r k ,

A c c o u n tin g II

U n der g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n ta n t, has r e s p o n s ib ili t y f o r k e e p in g
on e o r m o r e s e c t io n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la tin g to on e p h a se o f an
e s t a b lis h m e n t 's b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s . W o r k in v o lv e s p o s tin g and b a la n c in g s u b s id ia r y le d g e r
o r le d g e r s su ch as a c c o u n ts r e c e iv a b le o r a c c o u n ts p a y a b le ; ex a m in in g and c o d in g in v o ic e s
o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n tin g d is tr ib u tio n ; r e q u ir e s ju d g m e n t and e x p e r ie n c e in m a k in g
p r o p e r a s s ig n a t io n s and a llo c a t io n s . M ay a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g , a d ju s tin g , and c lo s in g jo u r n a l
e n t r ie s ; m a y d i r e c t a c c o u n tin g c le r k s I.

CLERK,

F IL E

C le r k ,

F ile I

P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h as a lr e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich is
e a s ily c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c la s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m (e . g. , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g ic a l ,
o r n u m e r ic a l).
A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s m a ­
t e r ia l; m a y f i l l ou t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d
to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C le r k ,

F ile II

S o r t s , c o d e s , and f ile s u n c la s s ifie d m a t e r ia l by s im p le (s u b je c t m a tte r ) h ea d in g s
o r p a r t ly
c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r ia l b y fin e r su b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x
aiid
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s . A s r e q u e s t e d , lo c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n tifie d m a t e r ia l in f ile s and fo r w a r d s
m a t e r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in
and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C le r k ,

F ile III

In an e s t a b lis h e d filin g s y s t e m co n ta in in g a n u m b er o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a tt e r f i l e s ,
c l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s file m a t e r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s ,
e tc.
M a y a ls o file th is m a t e r ia l .
M ay keep r e c o r d s
o f v a r io u s ty p es in c o n ju n c t io n w ith
the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g ro u p o f lo w e r le v e l file c l e r k s .

KEYPUNCH O PE R A TO R

K eyp u n ch O p e r a to r I
U n der c l o s e s u p e r v is io n o r fo llo w in g s p e c if i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , t r a n s c r ib e s
da ta fr o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n ts to p u n ch ed c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r
c o m b in a tio n k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to k ey p u n ch ta bu la tin g c a r d s .
M ay v e r if y c a r d s .
W o rk in g
fr o m v a r io u s s ta n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , fo llo w s s p e c ifie d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h ave b e e n
c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit tle o r no s e l e c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te r p r e tin g o f
data to be p u n ch ed . P r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s , m is s in g in fo r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .




76

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

Keypunch Operator II
Operates a n um erical a n d /o r a lp h a b e t ic a l o r c o m b in a tio n k ey p u n ch m a ch in e to t r a n ­
s c r ib e da ta from various source d o c u m e n ts to k ey p u n ch ta bu la tin g c a r d s .
P e r f o r m s sa m e
ta sk s as lower lev el keypunch o p e r a t o r bu t in a d d itio n , w o r k r e q u ir e s a p p lic a t io n o f c o d in g
s k ills and the making of som e d e t e r m in a t io n s , f o r e x a m p le , lo c a t e s on the s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
the it e m s to be punched; extracts in fo r m a t io n fr o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; s e a r c h e s fo r and
in t e r p r e t s inform ation on the d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in fo r m a t io n to b e p u n ch ed .
M a y tr a in
in e x p e r ie n c e d op erato rs.

O F F IC E BOY OR GIRL
P erfo rm s various routine d u ties su ch as running e r r a n d s ; o p e r a t in g m in o r o f f i c e
m a c h in e s , such as se a le r s or m a i l e r s ; op en in g and d is tr ib u tin g m a il; and o th e r m in o r
c l e r i c a l work.

SECRE TARY
A ssigned as personal s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a lly to on e in d iv id u a l.
M a in ta in s a c l o s e and
h ig h ly responsive relationship to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t iv it ie s o f the s u p e r v i s o r .
W ork s
f a i r ly independently receiving a m in im u m o f d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce .
P e r fo r m s
v a r ie d cle r ic a l and sec re ta ria l d u tie s , u s u a lly in clu d in g m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
(a)
R eceives telephone c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il, a n s w e r s ro u tin e
inqu iries, and routes the t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
(b)
E sta b lish es, m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;
(c )
Maintains the s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p oin tm en ts as in s t r u c t e d ;
(d)
Relays m e ssa g e s fr o m s u p e r v is o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;
(e )
Reviews correspondence, m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by o th e r s fo r the
su p erviso r's signature to assure p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h ic accuracy;
(f)
P erfo rm s stenographic and typing w o r k .
M ay also p erform o th e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n atu re and
d iffic u lt y .
The work typically r e q u ir e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e ro u tin e and u n d e rsta n d in g o f the
o r g a n iz a t io n , p ro g ra m s, and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .
E xclusions
Not a ll positions that a r e title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the a b ov e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
E x a m p le s o f positions which a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the d e fin it io n a r e as fo llo w s :
(a )
P ositions which do n ot m e e t the " p e r s o n a l" s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r ib e d a b o v e ;
(b )
Stenographers n ot fu lly tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l type d u tie s ;
(c )
Stenographers serving as o f f i c e a s s is ta n t s to a g ro u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l,
o r m anagerial p erso n s;
(d )
Secretary positions in w h ich the d u ties a r e e ith e r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e r o u tin e o r
substantially m o re com plex and r e s p o n s ib le than th o se c h a r a c t e r iz e d in the d e fin it io n ;
(e )
A ssista n t type p o s it io n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e r e s p o n s ib le t e c h ­
n ic a l, adm inistrative, s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c ia liz e d c l e r i c a l d u tie s w h ic h a r e n ot t y p ic a l
o f s e c r e t a r i a l work.
N O TE;
The term " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the le v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s
to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o le w ith r e g a r d to
m a jo r company a ctiv ities.
T h e title " v ic e p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a lly in d ic a t iv e o f th is
r o l e , d o e s n ot in a ll c a s e s id e n tify su ch p o s it io n s .
V i c e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n ­
s ib ilit y is to a c t personally on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t io n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d en y in d i­
v id u a l lo a n or credit actions; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n ts ; d ir e c t ly s u p e r v is e a c l e r i ­
c a l sta ff) are not considered to b e " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " fo r p u r p o s e s o f ap p ly in g the fo llo w in g
le v e l d e fin it io n s :




77

S E C R E T A R Y — C on tin u ed

S e cre ta ry I

(a )
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v is o r o r h ead o f a s m a ll organizational unit (e. g. , fe w e r
than ab ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r

(b )
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a ff s p e c ia lis t , p rofession al em ployee, a d m in is ­
tr a tiv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d te c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
Many companies a s s ig n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as d e s c r ib e d a b o v e , to this lev el o f su pervisory o r
n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)

S e c r e t a r y II

(a )
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u tiv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n whose responsibility is n ot
e q u iv a le n t to on e o f the s p e c i f i c le v e l situ a tio n s in the d e fin itio n for lev e l III, but w h o s e s u b ­
o r d in a te s t a ff n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n em ployees and is usually divided into
o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a r e o ft e n , in tu rn , fu r th e r subdivided.
In som e c o m p a n ie s ,
th is le v e l in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o th e rs, only one o r tw o; o r
( b ) S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f an in d iv id u a l pla n t, factory, e t c - , (or other e q u iv a le n t
le v e l o f o ff ic ia l ) that e m p lo y s , in a l l, fe w e r than 5, 000 persons.

S e c r e t a r y III

in a l l,

(a )
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r president o f a company that e m p lo y s ,
fe w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

( b ) S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than chairm an o f the board or p r e s id e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a l l, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p erso n s; or
(c )
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d (im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the officer level) over either a m a jo r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c tiv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h , operation s, industrial r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) o r a m a jo r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g m e n t ( e .g . , a regional h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a jo r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a l l, over 5 ,0 0 0 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s ; o r
(d )
S e c r e t a r y to the h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, fa cto ry, etc.
le v e l o f o f f ic ia l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; or

(or other e q u iv a le n t

(e )
S e c r e t a r y to the h ead o f a la r g e and im p o rta n t organizational segm ent ( e . g . ,
a m id d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l segm ent often involving as m a n y as
s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a l l, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r so n s.

S e c r e t a r y IV

in a ll,

dent)

m a jo r

(a)
over

of

S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a company that e m p lo y s ,
100 bu t fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

(b )
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the chairm an of the board o r p r e s i ­
a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 but few er than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

(c )
segm en t

or




S e c r e t a r y to the h e a d ,
s u b s id ia r y o f a c o m p a n y

im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the corporate o fficer le v e l ,
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

of a

78
STEN O GRAPH ER,

GENERAL

P r im a r y duty is to take and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e it h e r
in sh orth a n d o r b y S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a n o r m a l ro u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w r it te n c o p y .
M ay m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t iv e ly r o u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s . M ay o p e r a te fr o m a s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n ot in clu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

STEN O GRAPH ER,

SEN IO R

P r im a r y duty is to take and t r a n s c r ib e d ic ta tio n fr o m on e o r m o r e p e r s o n s e ith e r
in sh orth a n d o r by S ten otyp e o r s im ila r m a c h in e , in v o lv in g a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d
v o c a b u la r y su ch as in le g a l b r ie f s o r r e p o r t s o n s c ie n t ifi c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o type fr o m
w r it te n c o p y .
M ay a ls o s e t up and m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .

OR

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n ce and r e ­
s p o n s ib ilit y than s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l as e v id e n c e d b y the fo llo w in g :
W o r k r e q u ir e s h igh
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s
and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e and o f the s p e c if i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o ­
c e d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r fo r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l ta sk s su ch as m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g m a t e r ia l fo r r e ­
p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and le t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
re a d in g and r o u tin g in co m in g m a il; a n sw e r in g ro u tin e q u e s t io n s , e tc .
D o e s n ot in clu d e
t r a n s c r ib in g -m a c h in e w o r k .

N O T E : T h is jo b is d is tin g u is h e d fr o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that the s e c r e t a r y
n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip to o n ly on e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r f o r m s
m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d is c r e t i o n a r y ta sk s as d e s c r ib e d in that jo b d e fin it io n .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R

S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r I

O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h an dlin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tra p la n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s .
M ay h an dle r o u tin e lon g d is ta n c e c a lls and r e c o r d t o l ls .
M ay p e r fo r m lim it e d telep h on e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e .
( " L i m i t e d 1 te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ­
'
ic e o c c u r s if the fu n ctio n s o f the e s t a b lis h m e n t s e r v ic e d a r e r e a d ily u n d e r s ta n d a b le fo r
telep h on e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r if the r e q u e s ts a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x te n s io n n u m b e r s
w h en s p e c if i c n a m e s a r e fu r n is h e d , o r if c o m p le x c a lls a r e r e f e r r e d to a n oth er o p e r a t o r .)

S w itch b o a rd O p e r a to r II

O p e r a te s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip le -p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d h an dlin g in c o m in g ,
o u tg o in g , in tr a p la n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s .
P e r f o r m s fu ll te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d les
c o m p le x c a l l s , su ch as c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s im ila r c a l l s , e it h e r in a d d itio n
to d oin g r o u tin e w o r k as d e s c r ib e d fo r s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r I, o r as a f u ll- t i m e a s s i g n ­
m e n t.
( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n s e r v ic e o c c u r s w h en the e s t a b lis h m e n t has v a r ie d fu n c ­
tion s that a r e n ot r e a d ily u n d e r sta n d a b le fo r te le p h o n e in fo r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r la p p in g o r in t e r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s , and c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b le m s as to
w h ich e x te n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r ia te fo r c a lls .)




79

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

T a b u la tin g -M a c h in e O p e r a to r I
O p e r a te s s im p le ta bu la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , s u c h as the s o r t e r ,
r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c . , w ith s p e c if i c in s t r u c t io n s .
M ay in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e
o f s o m e s im p le w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and s o m e filin g w o r k .
T h e w o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
p o r tio n s o f a w o r k u n it, fo r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r tin g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a t io n s .

T a b u la tin g -M a c h in e O p e r a to r II

O p e r a te s m o r e d iffic u lt ta bu la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , su ch as the
ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to the s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , and c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r fo r m e d u n d er s p e c if i c in s t r u c t io n s and m a y in clu d e the p e r fo r m a n c e o f s o m e w ir in g fr o m
d ia g r a m s .
T he w o r k t y p ic a lly i n v o l v e s , fo r e x a m p le , ta b u la tio n s in v o lv in g a r e p e tit iv e , a c ­
cou n tin g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le t e but s m a ll ta bu la tin g stu d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r and m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t .
Such r e p o r t s and stu d ie s a r e u s u a lly o f a r e c u r r in g n a tu re w h e r e the p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s t a b lis h e d .
M ay a ls o in clu d e the tra in in g o f new e m p lo y e e s in the b a s ic
o p e r a t io n o f the m a c h in e .

T a b u la tin g -M a c h in e O p e r a to r III

O p e r a te s a v a r ie t y o f ta bu la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e s , t y p ic a lly in ­
c lu d in g , su ch m a c h in e s as the ta b u la to r , c a lc u l a t o r , in t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , and o t h e r s .
P er­
f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g a s s ig n m e n ts w ith ou t c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , and p e r f o r m s d iffic u lt
w ir in g as r e q u ir e d .
The c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and tabu latin g a s s ig n m e n ts t y p ic a lly in v o lv e a
v a r ie t y o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e o f ir r e g u la r o r n o n r e c u r r in g type r e ­
q u irin g s o m e p la n n in g and s e q u e n c in g o f ste p s to be ta k en .
A s a m o r e e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
is t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in tra in in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t ia lly tr a in e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g fr o m d ia g r a m s and o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lon g and c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in clu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r fo r m in g ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s and d a y - t o d ay s u p e r v is io n o f the w o r k and p r o d u c tio n o f a g ro u p o f ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s .

T Y P IS T

U s e s a ty p e w r ite r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e ou t b i lls a fte r
c a lc u la t io n s h ave b e e n m a d e b y a n oth er p e r s o n .
M ay in clu d e typin g o f s t e n c ils , m a t s , o r
s im ila r m a t e r ia ls f o r u se in d u p lic a tin g p r o c e s s e s .
M ay do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g little
s p e c ia l t r a in in g , su ch as k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g
and d is tr ib u tin g in c o m in g m a il.

T y p is t I
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : C o p y typin g fr o m r o u g h o r c le a r d r a ft s ;
r o u tin e typin g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ; settin g up s im p le sta n d a rd ta b u la tio n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

T y p is t II
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
T y p in g m a t e r ia l in fin a l fo r m w h en it in ­
v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s ib ilit y fo r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y l ­
la b ic a t io n , p u n ctu a tio n , e t c . , o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u su al w o r d s o r f o r e ig n la n g u a ge m a t e r ia l;
plann in g la y o u t and typin g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n ifo r m ity and b a la n c e
in s p a c in g .
M a y type ro u tin e fo r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e ta ils to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .




80

N O T E : The d e fin it io n s fo r the d r a ftin g and c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s sh ow n in th is b u l­
le tin a r e the sa m e as th o se u s e d in the B u r e a u 's p r o g r a m o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in
m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s .
(S ee the lis t o f a r e a s in the o r d e r fo r m at the b a c k o f this b u lle t in .)
The le v e l d e s ig n a t io n s u s e d in th is b u lle t in , h o w e v e r , d iffe r fr o m th ose u s e d in the a r e a
b u lle t in s .
The e q u iv a le n t le v e l d e s ig n a tio n s fo r the o c c u p a t io n s c o n c e r n e d a r e as f o llo w s :

O c c u p a tio n

N a tion a l S u r v e y o f
P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and
C le r ic a l P ay

O c c u p a tio n a l
W age S u r v e y s in
M e tr o p o lit a n
A reas

D r a fts m a n ___________________________

I
II
III

C
B
A

C l e r k , a c c o u n tin g __________________

I
II

B
A

C l e r k , f i l e __________________________

X
II
III

C
B
A

K ey p u n ch o p e r a t o r _________________

I
II

B
A

S e c r e t a r y ____________________________

I
II
III
IV

D
C
B
A

S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ______________

I
II

B
A

I

C
B
A

T a b u la t in g -m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r ___________

II
III
T y p is t




I

B

II

A

Appendix D. Comparison of Average Annual Salaries in Private Industry,
June 1967, with Corresponding Salary Rates for Federal Employees
Under the General Schedule
T he s u r v e y w a s d e s ig n e d , a m on g oth er u s e s , to p r o v id e a b a s i s f o r c o m p a r in g F e d e r a l
s a la r ie s u n d er the G e n e r a l S ch ed u le w ith g e n e r a l pa y le v e ls in p r iv a te in d u str y .
To assu re
c o m p ila t io n o f p a y data fo r w o r k le v e ls that w ou ld be e q u iv a le n t to the F e d e r a l g r a d e s , the
C iv il S e r v ic e C o m m is s io n c o lla b o r a t e d w ith the B u rea u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s to p r e p a r e the
o c c u p a t io n w o r k le v e l d e fin it io n s u se d in the s u r v e y .
A l l d e fin it io n s w e r e g r a d e d b y the
C o m m is s io n a c c o r d in g to the sta n d a rd s e s t a b lis h e d f o r e a c h g r a d e .
F o r e a c h o f the o c c u ­
p a tion w o r k le v e ls s u r v e y e d b y the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s , the e q u iv a le n t G e n e r a l
S ch ed u le g r a d e , a s d e t e r m in e d b y the C o m m is s io n , is id e n tifie d in the fo llo w in g ta b le .




81

82
C o m p a r iso n o f A v era g e Annual S a la rie s in P riva te I n d u s t r y ,1 June 1967, W ith S a la ry R ates
fo r F e d e r a l E m p lo y e e s Under the G en era l Schedule 2

O ccu pa tion and c la s s
su rv ey ed by BLS 3

C le rk s , file I
_
O ffice b oys or g ir ls __________________

A v e ra g e
annual
sa la r ie s
in p riv a te
in du stry 4
$ 3, 405
3, 777

S a la ry ra tes fo r F e d e r a l enip lo y e e s under the G e n e ra l S ched ule 2
P e r annum ra te s and steps 6
G ra de 5
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

10

9

GS 1

$ 3 , 609
3, 776

$ 3 , 731
3, 902

$ 3 , 853
4, 028

$ 3 , 975
4, 154

$ 4 , 097
4, 280

$ 4 , 219
4 ,4 0 6

$ 4 , 341
4, 532

$ 4 ,4 6 3
4, 658

$ 4 , 585
4, 784

$ 4 , 707
4, 910

C le rk s , file I I ______ ______ ____________
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s I ________________
S w itch boa rd o p e r a t o r s I ______________
T ab u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s I ____

3,
4,
4,
4,
3,

877
344
351
481
944

GS 2

3, 925
4, 108

4, 058
4, 245

4, 191
4, 382

4, 324
4, 519

4 ,4 5 7
4, 656

4, 590
4, 793

4, 723
4, 930

4, 856
5, 067

4, 989
5, 204

5, 122
5, 341

C le rk s , a ccoun tinp I
C le rk s , file. T T ________ ________
T
D r a ft s m e n -t r a c e r s
.............
E n g in eerin g tech n icia n s I
K eypunch o p e r a t o r s II ________________
S ten og ra p h ers, g e n e ra l ____________
S w itch boa rd o p e r a to r s II
T a b u la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s II ____

4 ,4 7 1
4, 772
4, 734
5, 366
4, 960
4, 606
5, 234
5 ,4 9 4
4, 684

GS 3

4, 269
4 ,4 6 6

4 ,4 1 3
4, 615

4, 557
4, 764

4, 701
4, 913

4, 845
5, 062

4, 989
5, 211

5, 133
5, 360

5, 277
5, 509

5 ,421
5, 658

5, 565
5, 807

C le rk s , a ccou n tin g II
D ra ftsm en I
E n g in eerin g tech n icia n s TI
S e c r e t a r ie s I __________________________
S te n o g ra p h e r s, s e n i o r ________________
T a b u la tin g -m a ch in e o p e r a to r s I I I ___

5,
5,
6,
5,
5,
6,

935
762
305
318
393
690

GS 4

4, 776
4, 995

4, 936
5, 161

5, 096
5, 327

5, 256
5 ,4 9 3

5 ,4 1 6
5, 659

5, 576
5, 825

5, 736
5 ,9 9 1

5, 896
6, 157

6, 056
6, 323

6, 216
6 ,4 8 9

A ccou n ta n ts I
A u d ito r s I
B u y ers I
C h em ists I _____ ______________________
D ra ftsm en I I -------------------- --------------E n g in eers I ________________________ __
E n g in eerin g tech n icia n s III
Job an aly sts I
S e cre ts r ie s IT

6,
7,
7,
7,
7,
8,
7,
7,
6,

990
190
030
590
219
388
235
621
019

GS 5

5, 331
5, 565

5, 507
5, 751

5, 683
5, 937

5, 859
6, 123

6, 035
6, 309

6, 211
6 ,4 9 5

6, 387
6, 681

6, 563
6, 867

6, 739
7, 053

6, 915
7, 239

5, 867
6, 137
6,4 5 1
6, 734

6,
6,
6,
6,

6,
6,
6,
7,

263
547
877
184

6 ,461
6, 752
7, 090
7 ,4 0 9

6,
6,
7,
7,

6,
7,
7,
7,

7,
7,
7,
8,

7,
7,
7,
8,

253
572
942
309

7,4 5 1
7, 777
8, 155
8, 534

7,
7,
8,
8,

S e c r e t a r ie s III

6, 375

GS 6

A ccou n ta n ts I I ___________ ___________
A u d ito r s II ______________________ _____
B u y ers II
_____________________________
C h em ists II ____________________________
D ra ftsm en I I I _________ _______________
E n g in eers II
E n g in eerin g tech n icia n s I V ____ _____
Job a n aly sts II ________________________
S e c r e t a r ie s TV

7, 820
8, 354
8, 211
8 ,4 8 2
8, 720
9, 078
8, 318
8, 157
6, 938

GS 7

A ccounta nts III
A u d itors III
A ttorn ey s I I ____________________________
B u y ers T T
T
C h em ists III ___ ____ _______________
E n g in eers I I I __ __ __________________
E n g in eerin g te ch n icia n s V ___________
Job an aly sts III _______________________
M a n a g ers, o ffic e s e r v i c e s I _________

8, 879
9 ,4 4 9
9, 622
9, 819
9, 719
10,3 30
9, 341
9, 618
8, 562

GS 9

7, 696
8, 054

7, 957
8, 323

8, 218
8, 592

8 ,4 7 9
8, 861

8, 740
9, 130

9, 001
9, 399

9, 262
9, 668

9, 523
9, 937

9, 784
10, 206

10, 045
10,4 75

M a n a gers, o ffic e s e r v i c e s II ________

10, 397

GS 10

8 ,4 2 1
8, 821

8, 709
9, 115

8, 997
9 ,4 0 9

9, 285
9, 703

9, 573
9, 997

9, 861
10, 291

10, 149
10, 585

10, 437
10, 879

10, 725
11, 173

11, 013
11,4 67

A ccou n ta n ts I V ______________ ________
A u d ito r s IV ____________________________
A ttorn eys I I I ________________ ________
B u y ers IV __________________________ __
C h em ists IV ____________________ , ______
C h ief a ccoun tants I ___________________
D ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l I _____________
E n g in eers IV
Job a n aly sts IV _______________________
M a n a g ers, o ffic e s e r v ic e s III _______

10,6 60
11, 633
11, 843
11, 806
12,044
11, 768
1 0,407
12,424
11, 964
13,011

GS 11

9, 221
9, 657

9, 536
9, 979

9, 851
10, 301

10, 166
10, 623

10,481
10, 945

10, 796
11, 267

11,111
11, 589

11,4 26
11,911

11, 741
12, 233

12, 056
12, 555

See footnotes at end of table.




065
342
664
959

659
957
303
634

857
162
516
859

055
367
729
084

649
982
368
759

83
C o m p a r iso n o f A v era g e Annual S a la rie s in P riv a te I n d u s t r y ,1 June 1967, W ith S a la ry R ates
fo r F e d e r a l E m p lo y e e s Under the G en era l Schedule 2— Continued

O ccu p a tion and c la s s
su rv ey ed by BLS 3

A v e ra g e
annual
s a la r ie s
in p riv a te G ra d e 5
in du stry 4

S a la ry ra tes fo r F e d e r a l e m p lo y e e s under the G e n e ra l S ched ule 2
P e r annum ra te s and step s 6
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

$ 10,9 27 $ 11,306 $ 11,685 $ 1 2 ,0 6 4 $12, 443 $12, 882 $13, 201 $ 1 3 ,5 8 0 $13, 959 $ 1 4 ,3 3 8
11, 843
11,461
12,225
13, 371
12,6 07
1 3,753
14, 135
14,5 17
12, 989
14,8 99

A ccou n ta n ts V ________ _______________
A tto rn e y s I V ____________________ _____
C h em ists V _________________ _____ __
C h ief accou n ta n ts II _____ ____________
D ir e c t o r s of p e r so n n e l II ____________
E n g in eers V _____________ ___________
M a n a g ers, o ffic e s e r v i c e s IV _______

$ 12, 795
1 4,4 19
14,4 05
13, 036
12, 394
14,5 23
15,4 14

GS 12

A tto rn e y s V ______ __________________
C h em ists VI ___________________________
C h ief accou n ta n ts III _______ __ _____
D ir e c t o r s of p er so n n e l III ___________
E n g in eers VI __________________________

17, 206
16, 575
15,8 83
1 5 ,3 19
16,604

GS 13

1 2,873
13, 507

13,321
13,9 57

1 3,769
14, 407

14,2 17
14, 857

1 4,665
15, 307

15, 113
15, 757

15, 561
16, 207

16, 009
16, 657

16, 457
17, 107

16, 905
17, 557

A tto rn e y s V I ___________________________
C h em ists VII __________________________
C h ief accou n ta n ts IV _________________
D ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l IV _____________
E n g in eers VII _________________________

2 1 ,4 1 5
2 0 ,1 1 0
18, 896
19, 186
19, 332

GS 14

15, 106
15, 841

15,6 29
16, 369

16, 152
16, 897

16, 675
17, 425

17, 198
1 7,953

17, 721
18,481

18, 244
19, 009

18, 767
19, 537

19, 290
2 0 ,0 6 5

19, 813
2 0 ,5 9 3

A ttorn ey s V I I __________________________
C h em ists VIII ___________ ___________
E n g in eers VIII ________________________

2 7 ,2 9 3
2 4 ,6 7 6
22, 235

GS 15

17,5 50
18,404

18, 157
19, 017

18,764
19, 630

19, 371
20, 243

19, 978
2 0 ,8 5 6

2 0 ,5 8 5
21, 469

21, 192
22, 082

21, 799
22, 695

22, 406
23, 308

2 3 ,0 1 3
23, 921

1 F o r sc o p e o f su r v e y , see appendix A .
2 S a la ry ra te s under the F e d e r a l S a la ry and F rin g e B en efits A c t of 1966 (fir s t line) w h ich w ere in e ffe ct in June
1967, the r e fe r e n c e date
fo r the BLS su rv ey ; and s a la ry ra tes under the F e d e r a l S a la ry A c t o f 1967 (s e co n d line) w hich b e ca m e e ffe c t iv e at the beginning o f the
fir s t
pay p e r io d beginning on or a fte r O cto b e r 1, 1967.
3 F o r d e fin ition s, se e appendix C.
4 Survey findings as su m m a rize d in table 1 o f this re p o rt.
5 C orresp on d in g g ra d e s in the G e n e ra l Schedule w e re su p plied by the U .S . C iv il S e r v ic e C o m m issio n .
6 S ection 5335 o f title 5 o f the U .S . C ode p r o v id e s fo r w ith in -g ra d e in c r e a s e s on con d ition that the e m p lo y e e 's " w o r k is of an a cce p ta b le
le v e l of co m p e te n ce as d efin ed by the head o f the dep artm ent. " F o r e m p lo y e e s who m e e t this con d ition , the s e r v ic e re q u ire m e n ts are 52 ca len d a r
w eeks each fo r sa la ry ra tes 1, 2, and 3; 104 w eek s each fo r s a la ry ra tes 4, 5, and 6; and 156 w eek s ea ch fo r s a la ry ra tes 7, 8, and 9.
S ection 5336 p r o v id e s that an additiona l w ith in -g ra d e in c r e a s e m a y b e gra nted within any p e r io d of 52 w eeks in re c o g n itio n o f high q uality p e r ­
fo r m a n c e above that o r d in a r ily found in the type o f p os ition co n c e rn e d .

Under s e c tio n 5303 o f title 5 o f the U .S . C od e, high er m in im u m ra tes (but not e x ceed in g the m a xim u m s a la ry
rate p r e s c r ib e d in the G e n e ra l Schedule fo r the g ra d e or le v e l) and a co r re s p o n d in g new s a la ry range m ay be e s ta b ­
lish e d fo r p o s itio n s o r o ccu p a tion s under ce r ta in con d ition s.
The con d ition s in clu de a finding that the s a la ry ra tes in
priv a te in du stry a re so su b sta n tia lly abov e the s a la ry ra tes o f the statutory pay sc h ed u les as to handicap sig n ifica n tly
the G o v e r n m e n t's rec ru itm e n t or reten tion o f w e ll-q u a lifie d p e r s o n s .
Such s p e cia l pay s c a le s have been e sta b lis h ed fo r
s p e c ific g ra d e s or le v e ls o f ce r ta in o ccu p a tion s (including e n g in eers and s c ie n t is t s ). In form a tion on the s p e c ia l h igh er
pay sc a le s cu r re n tly in e ffe c t , and the occu p a tion s and a re a s to w hich they apply, m ay be obtained fr o m the U .S . C iv il
S e rv ice C o m m is s io n , W ashington, D .C ., 20415, o r its r e g io n a l o ff ic e s .




U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1968 0 -2 8 7 -0 9 2




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19 65 -66 AREA WAGE SURVEY SUM M ARY BULLETINS

Bulletin 14 65 -66.
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W ages and R elated Benefits. Part I: 84 M etropolitan A reas,

Consolidates inform ation from the individual area bulletins for surveys m ade
the period July 1965 to July 1966.
Contains average w eek ly earnings for
occu p ation s, average hourly earnings for plant occu pation s, and establishm ent
tices and supplem entary w age provisions by ; ndustry division and area. Price 55
B ulletin 1465 -86.
W ages and R elated Benefits, Part II:
U nited States and R eg ion a l Summaries, 1965— (1967).
66

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M etropolitan A reas.

Presents in form ation on occu p a tion a l earnings, establishm ent practices, and supple­
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Price 60 cents.




1966-67 AREA WAGE SURVEY BULLETINS: *
BLS
bulletin
number

Price Number
(in
of
cents) copies

1530-86

25

1530-62
1530-60

25
20

1530-53
1530-71
1530-30

25
25
30

1530-74
1530-63

20
30

Boise City (July 1 9 6 7 )--------------Boston ( Sept. 1 9 6 7 )------------------Buffalo (D ec. 19 6 6)------------------Burlington (Mar. 1 9 6 7 )------------Canton (Apr. 1 9 6 7 )------------------Charleston (Apr. 1 9 6 7 )------------Charlotte (Apr. 1 9 6 7 )--------------Chattanooga (Aug. 1 9 6 7 )---------Chicago (Apr. 1 9 6 7 )-----------------

1575-3
1575-13
1530-38
1530-52
1530-58
1530-61
1530-64
1575-7
1530-73

20
30
30
25
20
20
20
25
30

Cincinnati (Mar. 1967)------------Cleveland (Sept. 1967)------------Columbus (Oct. 1966)--------------Dallas (Nov. 1966)-------------------Davenport-Rock Island—
Moline (Oct. 1967)----------------Dayton (Jan. 1967)-------------------Denver (D ec. 1966)-------------------

1530-56
1575-14
1530-20
1530-25

25
25
30
30

1575-12
1530-45
1530-32

25
25
25

Des Moines (Feb. 1967)------------Detroit (Jan. 1967)-------------------Forth Worth (Nov. 1966)-----------Green Bay (July 1967) — -----------Greenville (May 1967)--------------Houston (June 1967)------------------Indianapolis (D ec. 1966)----------J ack son (Feb. 1967)-------------------

1530-44
1530-48
1530-28
1575-5
1530-66
1530-85
1530-37
1530-43

25
30
30
20
25
25
25
20

Jacksonville (Jan. 1 9 6 7 )----------Kansas City (Nov. 1966)-----------Lawrence-Haverhill
(June 1967)----------------------------Little Rock-North Little Rock
(July 1967) — ................ - ............
Los Angeles—
Long Beach
and Anaheim—
Santa A n a Garden Grove (Mar. 1967)------

1530-39
1530-26

25
25

1530-77

20

1575-2

25

1530-65

30

Louisville (Feb. 1967)--------------Lubbock (June 1967)------------------Manchester (July 1 9 6 7 )------------Memphis (Jan. 1967)----------------Miami (Dec. 1 9 6 6 )-------- --------Midland and Odessa
(June 1967)-----------------------------

1530-49
1530-75
1575-1
1530-40
1530-31

30
20
20
25
25

1530-78

20

Area and payroll period
Akron (July 1967)---------------------Albany—
Schenectady— roy
T
(Apr. 1967)....... .......... - .......... —
Albuquerque (Apr. 1967)----------A ll entown-Bethlehem—
Easton
(Feb. 1967).......................... ........
Atlanta (May 1 9 6 7 )------------------Baltimore (Nov. 1966)--------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur—
Orange
(May 1 9 6 7 )-............................... Birmingham (Apr. 1967)-----------

—

—

—

BLS
Price Number
bulletin (in
of
number cents) copies

Area and payroll period
Milwaukee (Apr. 1967)-------------------Minneapolis—
5t. Paul
(Jan. 1967)................ ....................... —
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights
(May 1967)....... ....................... - ..........
Newark and Jersey City
(Feb. 1 9 6 7 )................................. ........
New Haven (Jan 1 9 6 7 )------ ----------- New Orleans (Feb. 1 9 6 7 )----------------New York (Apr. 1967)----------------------

30

1530-42

30

1530-72

20

1530-55
1530-41
1530-51
1530-83

25
25
30
40

—

—

—

—

—

—
—
—

—

—

___

Norfolk-Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton
(June 1967)..........— -------- -------------- 1530-82
Oklahoma City (July 1967)--------------- 1575-4
Omaha (Oct. 1966)— ............- .......... 1530-18
Paterson-C lifton—
Passa ic
(May 1967) — ................ - .................— 1530-67
Philadelphia (Nov. 1966)----------------- 1530-35
Phoenix (Mar. 1 9 6 7 ) - -- -------- ---------- 1530-59
Pittsburgh (Jan. 1967)---------------------- 1530-46
Portland (Maine) (Nov. 1966)----------- 1530-17
Portland (O reg.) (May 1 9 6 7 )..........— 1530-79
Prov id e nc e— wtucket—
Pa
Warwick (May 1967).......................... 1530-70
Raleigh (Aug. 1967)....... .......... .......... 1575-6
Richmond (Nov. 1966)-------------------- 1530-23
Rockford (May 1967)------------------------ 1530-68
St. Louis (Oct. 1 9 6 6 )---------------------- 1530-27
Salt Lake City (D ec. 1 9 6 6 )------------- 1530-33
San Antonio (June 1967)------------------San Bernardino-Riverside—
Ontario (Aug. 1967)...........................
San Diego (Nov. 1966).........................
San Francisco-Oakland
(Jan. 1967)-----------------------------------San Jose (Sept. 1 9 6 7 )...........................
Savannah (May 1 9 6 7 )---------------------Scranton (July 1 9 6 7 ).............................
Seattle-Everett (Oct. 1966)------------Sioux Falls (Oct. 1966)-------------------South Bend (Mar. 1 9 6 7 )- — ................
Spokane (June 1 9 6 7 )-----------------------Tampa— Petersburg (Aug. 1967) - - .
St.
Toledo (Feb. 1967)................ ...............
Trenton (D ec. 1966)-----------------------Washington, D .C . (Sept. 1 9 6 7 )-----Waterbury (Mar. 1967)------ ------------Waterloo (Nov. 1966).............. ............
Wichita (Oct. 1 9 6 6 )------------- ---------Worcester (June 1967)---------------------York (Feb. 1967)--------------- -------------Youngstown-Warren (Nov. 1966)------

* Bulletins dated prior to July 1965 were entitled "Occupational Wage Surveys. "




1530-76

N a m e_______________________________________________________________________________

C it y ______________________________________ State

Zip Code

25
20
25
25
35
20
30
20
25
30
25
25
20
30
25

1530-84

25

1575-10
1530-24

30
25

1530-36
1575-15
1530-69
1575-9
1530-22
1530-12

30
25
20
25
25
20

1530-57
1530-80
1575-8
1530-50
1530-34
1575-11
1530-54
1530-21
1530-11
1530-81
1530-47
1530-29

20
25
25
30
25
25
20
25
25
25
25
25

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

New England
John F . K en n edy F e d e r a l B uild in g
G o v e r n m e n t C e n t e r , R o o m 1 6 0 3 -B
B o s to n , M a s s . 02203
T e l . : 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2

Mid-Atlantic
341 Ninth A v en u e
N ew Y o r k , N. Y . 10001
T e l . : 9 7 1 -5 4 0 5




Southern
1371 P e a c h t r e e S tre e t,
A tla n ta , G a . 30309
T e l . : 5 2 6 -5 4 1 8

North Central
219 South D e a r b o r n S tre e t
C h ic a g o , 111. 6 0604
T e l . : 3 5 3 -7 2 3 0

Pacific
450 G o ld e n G ate A v en u e
B o x 36017
San F r a n c i s c o , C a lif. 94102
T e l . : 5 5 6 -4 6 7 8

Mountain-Plains
F e d e r a l O ffic e B u ild in g , T h ir d F lo o r
911 W alnut S treet
K a n sa s C ity , M o . 64106
T e l . : 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102