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Occupational Wage Survey
NORFOLK-PORTSMOUTH AND
NEWPORT NEWS—HAMPTON, VIRGINIA
JUNE 1 9 6 5

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 -7 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commisiioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NORFOLK-PORTSMOUTH AND
NEWPORT NEWS-HAMPTON, VIRGINIA




JUNE 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-77
July 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 25 cents




P refa ce

C ontents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (l) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:
1.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected p eriod s-------------------------------------------------------

A.

B.

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1.
Office occupations— en and women_______________________
m
A - 2.
P rofessional and technical occupations—
women-------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined-------------------------------------------------A -4 .
Maintenance and powerplant occupations-------------------------A - 5.
Custodial and m aterial movement occupations---------------

3

5
6
7
8
9

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l.
Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk ers—
B -2 .
Shift differen tials___________________________________________
B -3 .
Scheduled weekly h ou rs------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
Paid holidays________________________________________________

10
11
12
13

B -6 .
B -7 .
B -8 .

Health, insurance, and pension plans____________________
P a id s ic k l e a v e -------------------------------------------------------------------- —
P rofit-sharing plan s------------------------------------------------------------

16
17
18

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational descriptions_____________________________
B. Occupational descriptions__________________________________________

19
21

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area.
Information on establishment p rac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in m ost of the areas.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and

2.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied.
After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The
first part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents infor­
mation which has been projected from individual m etro­
politan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. , in
June 1965.
It was prepared in the Bureau's regional office
in Atlanta, Ga. , by Robert F. McNeely under the direction
of Donald M . C ruse, A ssistant Regional Director for Wages
and Industrial Relations.

1
4

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back co v er.)
Union sca les, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Norfolk area, are also available for building con­
struction, printing, local-transit operating employees,- and
motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Norfolk—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Department of Labor's
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide b a sis.
In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
serv ices.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules'(rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect com posite, areawide estim ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishm ents. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assum ed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual e s ­
tablishm ents. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties perform ed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among e s ­
tablishments in the specific duties perform ed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B .
Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant w orkers.
Adm inistrative, executive, and
professional em ployees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "O ffice w o rk ers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
"P lant w o rk ers" include working fo re­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w orkers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) relate only to the e s ­
tablishments visited. They are presented in term s of establishments
with form al minim um entrance salary policies.

I

2

Shift differential data (table B -2) are lim ited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
term s of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in term s of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in term s of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a m ajority was used or, if no amount applied to a m ajority,
the classification "o th e r " was used. In establishments in which some
late-sh ift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a m ajority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B -3) of a m ajority of the
fir st-sh ift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B -4 through B -8 ) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a m ajority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the p ra c­
tices listed. Sums of individual item s in tables B -2 through B -8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) are lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a form al b a sis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form , or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to
form al policies, excluding inform al arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the em ployer.
Separate
estim ates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or fla t-su m amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time b a sis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the em ployer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen1s compensation, social security, and railroad retirem ent.
Such plans include those underwritten by a com m ercial insurance
1
An establishm ent was considered as having a p o lic y if
conditions: ( 1 ) Operated la te shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2 ) had
la te shifts. An establishm ent was considered as having form al provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in
la te shifts.




company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted tem porary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (l) con­
tributes m ore than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to form al p lan s3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the w orker’ s pay during absence from work
because of illn ess.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, som etim es referred to as extended
m edical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, m edical, and surgical plans.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n ce r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g fo r c o m p le t e o r p a r tia l
payment of doctors' fe es. Such plans may be underwritten by co m ­
m ercia l insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-in su red . Tabulations of retirem ent pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the w orker's life.
P rofit-sharing plans (table B -8) are limited to form al plans
with definite form ulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em ­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to em ployees:
(1) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirem ent; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current y e a r 's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

it m et either of the follow ing
2 The temporary d isab ility laws in C alifornia and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
form al provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishm ent was considered as having a form al plan if it established at le a st the
w ritten form for operating
m inim um number o f days o f sick le a v e available to ea ch em p lo y e e. Such a plan need not be
w ritten, but inform al sick le a v e allow ances, determ ined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d ie d i n N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n , V a . , 1
P
H
b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d iv is io n , 2 J u n e 1965
N um ber o f esta b lish m e n ts

M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin
scop e of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o ta l4

O ffic e

P lant

T o t a l4

— ----------

.

374

104

83, 200

8, 200

64, 800

53, 770

M anufacturin g ---------- -------------- ---------------------- ------- ----N onm anufacturing-------------- — — -----------------------------------------T r a n sp orta tion , c om m u n ica tio n , and
------------------- --------oth er pu b lic u tilitie s 5----- --------W hole sale t r a d e ----- --------- — —
------- — — — —
R eta il tr a d e _____ —
—* — — __ --------- __ _________
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e — — ------ — _
S e r v i c e s * -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

109
265

34
70

40, 000
4 3 ,2 0 0

2, 400
5, 800

34, 700
30, 100

21,960

38
36

19
9
24

10, 300
3, 600

1, 500
(f)
(?)
(?)
( 6)

6, 300

8, 380

22, 000

A ll d iv is io n s -

------------------ — -----

-------

-------

50
50
50
50
50

122

6
12

26
43

3, 000
4, 300

(! )
( 6)
(7)
( 6)

3 1 ,8 1 0

1,
9,
1,
1,

240
250
560
530

1 T h e N o r f o lk —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p to n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s c o n s i s t o f C h e s a p e a k e , H a m p to n , N e w p o r t N e w s , N o r f o lk , P o r t s m o u t h , a n d V i r g i n i a B e a c h
c it ie s ; an d Y o rk C o u n ty .
T h e " w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n i n t h i s t a b l e p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it i o n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d
i n th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r is o n w i t h o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t i n d e x e s f o r t h e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g
o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s t h e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y i n a d v a n c e o f t h e p a y r o l l p e r io d s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s c o p e o f .th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1 9 5 7 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f t h e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d i n c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e t h e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n . A l l o u t le t s ( w i t h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s i n s u c h i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
a n d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e p a r a t e o f f ic e a n d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " i n th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " i n t h e S e r i e s B t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f t h e f o llo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t i n t h e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d i v id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h i s e n t i r e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d i n e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " i n t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m t h e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly i n
e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " i n th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g i v e n i n f o o tn o te 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f it m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d
e n g in e e r in g an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2 .

I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s in
N o r f o lk — o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p to n , V a ., J u n e 1 9 6 5 a n d J u n e 1 9 6 4 ,
P
H
an d p e r c e n t s of in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
In d exes
( J u n e 1 9 6 1 = 100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

J u n e 1965

Ju n e 1964

Ju n e 1964
to
J u n e 1965

J u n e 1963
to
J u n e 1964

Ju n e 1962
to
Ju n e 1963

J u n e 1961
to
Ju n e 1962

1 1 5 .0
(M
1 1 2 .4

112.0

3 .4
(M
5 .2

4 .7
H
3 .2
3 .5

I n d u s t r y a n d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) - — ------ —
S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) -------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t ( m e n ) ---------------------------------------M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) ------------------I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) --------------S k i l l e d m a i n t e n a n c e ( m e n ) -------------------------------U n s k i l l e d p la n t (m e n ) —------------------------------ ------

D a t a do n o t m e e t p u b li c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

111.2

2.6

3 .5

C)

(l )

(l )

1 1 1 .3
1 0 6 .7

.9
4 .2

2 .5
2 .5

(? )

(?)

1 1 0 .7

)
(M
1 0 6 .9

0

.6

(!)
)

( ,)

(! }

(* )
3 .5

(* )

i1)

(

()

2.2

3 .6

(!)

(M
3 .9

1.0

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerica l w orkers and industrial n u rses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerica l w orkers and industrial n u rses, the p e r­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for norm al hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost of the num erically important jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; cle rk s, accounting,
class A and B; clerk s, file , cla ss A , B , and C; c le r k s, order; clerk s,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch op erators, cla ss A and B;
office boys and g irls; sec reta ries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
cla ss B; and typ ists, cla ss A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial n urses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electrician s; m achinists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— jan itors, p o rters, and cleaners; and lab orers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easu re, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, fo^ce expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay lev els.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For exam ple, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid w orkers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5
A. O ccupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N o r fo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton, V a . , June 1965)
P
H
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, occu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

N um ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly e arn in g s of—
40

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

1 25

130

3

11
5

HEN
$

$

$

$

39.0 118.00 117.50 104.50-132.00
38.5 122.00 118.50 109.00-134.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MANUFACTURING --------------------

39.5
39.0

87.00
94.00

87.00
92.00

74 . 5 0 86.00-

OFFICE BOYS -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

40.0
40.0

69.00
61.00

59.00
57.50

55.50- 92.00
55.00- 60.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

39.5
39.5

65.00
63.00

64.50
63.50

60.00- 69.00
57.00- 68.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

39.5
40.0

82.50
80.50

85.00
81.00

72.00- 97.00
71.50- 96.00

102.00
105.50

WOMEN
15
15

14
12
16
10

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

242
26
216

39.5
39.0
39.5

63.50
73.50
62.50

62.00
74.00
61.50

56.50- 71.50
66.50- 83.00
56.00- 70.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------ MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

61
35
26

39.5
39.5
40.0

94.00
98.00
88.5 0

90.50
93.50
89.50

83.00103.00
82.50115.00
84.00- 95.50

69.50
78.50
65.00

69.00
79.50
62.50

58.50- 79.00
71.00- 88.00
57.00- 75.00

17
2
15

55.50- 66.50

9
6

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

234
77
157

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

102
68

39.5
40.0
39.0

74.00
75.50
73.00

74.00
77.00
72.50

62.00- 86.00
60 .0 0- 86.00
62.00- 86.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

57
43

40.0
40.0

66.00

65.50
64.00

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3---------------

247
93
154
39

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

92.00 88.50
99.50 101.50
87.50 84.00
92.50
91.50

288
97
191
33

40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

76.50 74.50
79.50 77.50
75.00 71.50
96.50 106.00

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R --------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

85
49

39.0
39.5

89.50
81.00

85.00
82.00

86
79

41.0
41.0

61.00
59.50

58.50
58.00

53.00- 72.50
52.50- 71.50

56
7
49

26
2
24

10

26
2
24
15
13

See fo otn otes at end o f ta b le .




11
5

2
2

6

25
5
20
3

29
14
15

3

9

1

12
12

9
25

4
3
1

10

15
15

7

3

33
4

31
5
26
4

50
23
27
2

37
25
12

33
12
21

15
7

8
8

19
19

20

20

16
15

5

2

42
7
35

1

13

^

1

1

6

12

3

22
2
20
7

23
13
10
5

13
7
6

11

12
2

8

6

2

1

1

12
6
6
2

9
8
1

17
4
13
13

1

1

36
3
33

1

4

10
3
7
17
2
15

7
4
3

15

15
9

75 . 0 0 111.00
73.50- 90.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4---NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

2
28

1

66.50- 84.50
72.50- 85.50
64.50- 84.50
82.50109.50

63.00

30

4
3

78.00106.00
81.50119.50
77.50- 98.00
77 . 5 0 104.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 --------------

71
4
67

61 .00- 71.50
59.50- 67.50

34

140

150

140

150

160

und er

CLERKS , ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------MANUFACTURING --------------------

MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

130

Middle range 2

45

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------

$------$------ 1-----

1

1

1

22

9

18
3

1

1
1
1

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N o r fo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton, V a . , June 1965)
P
H
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

s

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

t

S

$

$

s

$

$

$

t

S

$

$

$

$

%

Mean2

Middle range 2

Median2

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

45

S ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

40
and
under

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

17
7
10

13
5
8

25
4
21

2
2

4
3
1

-

1
1
“

3
3
-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

7

4

WOMEN - CONTINUED
SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING
NONNANUFACTURINC ---

75
28
47

39.5
39.5
39.5

$
65.00
65.00
65.00

$
65.00
62.50
65.50

$
58.0056.5059.50-

$
69.00
74.00
68.50

-

-

8
5
3

TYPISTS. CLASS A

69

39.0

80.50

81.00

70.00- 91.00

-

-

4

-

3

11

13

2

10

220
155

40.0
40.5

64.50
60.00

65.00
61.00

58.00- 73.00
56.00- 66.50

-

-

30
30

40
40

39
38

37
29

31
14

28
2

15

TYPISTS. CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

a

3

1

3

-

-

“

2

S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s.
2 T h e m e a n is co m p u te d f o r e a ch j o b b y to ta lin g the ea rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s itio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te show n.
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 ra te s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the lo w e r o f th e se ra te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than
the h ig h e r r a t e .
y T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S ee a ppen dix A .

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N o r fo lk —P o r ts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton, V a. , June 1965)
H
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

85
Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

90

and
tinder

*
95

$

$

100

$

105

110

_

_

_

95

90

_

_

100

105

110

115

-

14

2

$

$

_

$

120

115

125

_
120

_

*
_

125

130

$

130

135

$

$

$

145

150

155

_

_

_

_

_

145

150

155

160

165

_
135

$

140

140

160

WOMEN
$

NURSES.




INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------

27

3 9 .5

$

$

1 1 1 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 6 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

$
1

2

—

3

1

2

—

-

1

—

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

-

—

1

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly h o u rs and e arn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s try d iv is io n , N orfolk— o rtsm o u th and N ew port N ew s— am pton, V a ., June 1965)
P
H
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard (standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Occupation and industry division

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MA CH IN E1 -----------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

51
46

39.5
39.5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

55
36

39.5
40.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---- — ——— —— -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

244
28
216

39.5
39.0
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NO NMANUFACTURING -----------------

115
72
43

39.5
39.0
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

282
111
171

39.5
39.5
39.5

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

----------------------------------CLERKS, O R D E R ------------- *
$
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------65.00
63.0 0 1
CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------82.50
80.50
KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------63.50
OFFICE BOVS ANO GIRLS---------------74.00
MANUFACTURING -------------------62.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------105.50
S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------110.50
MANUFACTURING -------------------96.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2-------------72.50
83.00
STENOGRAPHERS, G E N E R A L ------------65.50
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 2---------------

45
39

40.0
40.0

4
:
•
P
64.50
65.50

107
37
70

39.5
40.0
39.0

75.50
77.00
74.50

57
43

40.0
40.0

60
25
35

39.5
39.0
40.0

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N I O R ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

85
49

39.0
39.5

$
89.50
81.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B 3--------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

86
79

41.0
41.0

61.00
59.50

66.00
63.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

75
28
47

39.5
39.5
39.5

65.00
65.00
65.00

68.00
76.50
62.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------

26

40.0

95.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------

69

39.0

80.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

220
155

40.0
40.5

64.50
60.00

253
93
160
45

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

93.00
99.50
89.00
96.50

291
97
194
36

40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

77.00
79.50
76.00
98.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ---

S tan d ard h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y ee s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u rs.
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n icatio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
D e sc rip tio n fo r th is occu p ation h as been r e v is e d sin ce the la s t s u rv e y in th is a re a . S ee appendix A.




Number
of
workers

27

39.5 111.50

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly ea rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton, V a ., June 1965)
P
H

Hourly earnings1

N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s of—
%

Occupation and industry division

of
woikeis

1 .4 0
Mean2 Median2

Middle range2

126
74
70

$
2 .8 3
2 .6 9
2 .6 9

$
2 .7 7
2 .7 4
2 .7 4

$
2 .7 2 2 .7 1 2 .7 1 -

$
3 .1 4
2 .7 7
2 .7 7

ELECTRICIANS. MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------

20U
165
43
34

3 .1 7
3 .1 9
3 .1 1
3 .0 7

3 .1 9
3 .3 1
2 .9 8
2 .9 6

2 .9 6 2 .9 9 2 .9 4 2 .9 3 -

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY -----------

56

2 .7 0

FIREMEN. STATIONARY BOILER ----MANUFACTURING ----------------

48
44

HELPERS. MAINTENANCE TRADES ---NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3----------MACHINISTS. MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ---------------MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)-----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

-

-

3 .3 7
3 .3 7
3 .2 6
2 .9 9

_
-

_
-

2 .8 8

2 .1 5 - 3 .1 8

-

1 .9 8
1 .9 2

1 .7 4
1 .7 2

1 . 4 6 - 2 .4 7
1 .4 5 - 2 .2 3

301
86
83

2 .4 5
2 .5 7
2 .5 9

2 .5 3
2 .6 5
2 .6 5

2 . 3 1 - 2 .7 0
2 . 2 9 - 3 .0 3
2 . 5 1 - 3 .0 3

84
69

3 .2 0
3 .2 3

3 .1 6
3 .3 2

2 . 9 1 - 3 .6 3
2 . 8 8 - 3 .6 4

-

1 . 8 0 1 . 9 0 2 . 0 0 2: . i o

;2 .2 0 2 . 3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0

-

-

'2
2

3
-

6
-

2
2
2

1
-

-

7
7
7

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

-

4
4
-

-

6
6
-

2
2
-

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

27

-

-

-

1
1

20
20

-

_

8
8

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

2

3
-

3
-

15
10
10

1
1
“

13
-

9
-

3
-

11
1

12
11
10

27
-

39
-

37
8
8

~

~

~

~

~

~

~

3
-

—

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------

2 .9 0
2 .2 6
3 .0 3
3 .0 4

2 .3 5 2 .1 3 2 .5 4 2 .4 8 -

MECHANICS. MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

136
104
32

2. 84
2 .8 0
2 .9 8

3 .1 0
2 .9 7
3 .1 6

2 .4 5 - 3 .3 3
2 .4 3 - 3 .3 2
2 . 9 4 - 3 .5 2

—

PAINTERS. MAINTENANCE -----------

57

3 .0 2

3 .1 4

2 .8 0 - 3 .3 4

~

_
~
_
-

~

2

9
9
17
11
6

—

_

Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for wo r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

-

6
-

2
1

13
—

22
1

1
-

-

—
-

2
2
—
-

1
1
—
-

52
24
28
28

11
11
-

24
24
-

70
61
9
~

2
2
-

28
22
6
6

1
1
~

-

-

2

-

1

16

6

-

4

-

_

2
~

1
1

_

_

_
-

3
3

_

-

2
2

52
26
26

1
1
1

44
-

_
—
-

28
28
28

_
—
“

-

_
-

-

12
12

1
1

6
6

17
5

2
2

7
7

11
11

3
3

25
22

12
4
8
6

—
—
-

27
2
25
25

8
6
2
~

36
36
34

5
5
—
-

1
1
-

_
—
*
*

15
12
3

2

24
16
8

35
32
3

9

_

_

—

-

-

2

6

1

8

20

3

_

_

-

-

14
10
4
4

7
7
—

20
20
20

—
—

10
1
9
9

7
1
6

_

5
5

4
4

1
1

3
3

8
8

8
8

5
4
1

-

_

—

2
'




%
$
8
%
3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0

2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0

-

2 .7 8
2 .5 4
2 .8 9
2 .8 9

NONMANUFACTURING --------------

1 .6 0 1 .7 0

-

156
46
110
98

3 .2 1
3 .1 2
3 .2 3
3 .2 4

$
S
$
$
%
$
2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

$
and
1 . 4 0 u nd er
1 .5 0

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE --------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------

$
S
S
$
$
%
$
t
$
$
S
1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 . 70 1 . 80 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

'

'

'

61
61
61

_
_

_

-

-

11

4

-

9

_
_
“

“

9

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied o n an a r e a b a s is b y in d u stry d iv is io n ,
N o r fo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew p ort N ew s— am pton, V a . , June 1965)
H

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings
S
1 .1 0

S
1 .2 0

S
1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

%

%

%

%

1 .6 0

t
1.. 7 0

%

1 .5 0

1 .8 0

1.9 0

2 .0 0

6
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

8
2 .4 0

$
2 .6 0

2 .8 0

»
3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

.7 0

.8 0

•9 0

$
1 .0 0

.7 0

Occupation1 and industry division

GUAR OS AND W A T C H M E N ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------WATCHMEN:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

workers

380
276
104

•8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1.. 8 0

1 .9 0

2 •0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

-

-

-

17
3
14

27
18
9

22
22

4
4

32
32

6
6

7
7

-

30
30

140
140

-

~

54
24
30

1
-

~

6
6

6
-

_

6
6

7
7

1 .5 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

2

-

18

-

-

2

6

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

- 1 .9 6
- 2 .4 6
- 1 .4 0
- 1 .9 5

_
-

2
-

6
-

14
-

68
-

51
51
18

59
55
4
3

58
51
7
7

38
36
2
2

33
33
-

20
20
—

-

-

-

-

~

14
11
3
2

17
17
-

~

34
15
19
4

-

14
~

37
3
34
8

1
1
-

~

61
15
46
1

-

6
~

207
14
193

-

2
~

36
36

34
34

35
35

1
1

18
9
9
8

79
59
20
14

296
185
111
106

76
62
14
13

27
14
13
7

27
27
~

93
54
39
39

110
100
10
10

61
61
-

44
44
-

21
21
21

-

-

-

~

S

$

Number

.6 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$
2*01
2 .2 1
1 .4 B

$
2 .3 1
2 .4 3
1 .3 3

$
$
1 . 5 2 - 2 .5 1
1 .8 6 - 2 .5 3
1 . 2 3 - 1 .6 3

48

1 .5 2

1 .5 3

1 .2 7 -

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLEANERS --MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

756
271
485
45

1 .6 0
2 .1 3
1 .3 1
1 .7 8

1 .3 7
2 .2 3
1 .2 6
1 .6 6

1
1
1
1

JANITORS. PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

219
208

1 .0 5
1 .0 4

1 .1 7
1 .1 4

LABORERS. MATERIAL H A N D L I N G -------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 .1 9 7
727
470
218

1 .9 3
2 .0 3
1 .8 0
2 .0 6

1 .8 5
1 .8 8
1 .8 0
1 .8 8

.2
.9
.1
.5

3
2
9
6

.7 6 .7 5 1
1
1
1

1 .2 6
1 .2 5

.5
.7
.5
.8

2 .2 5
2 .4 8
1 .9 5
2 .2 5

7
6
4
3

-

S

$

*

and
under

_

6

68
~

1

23
23

26
26

72
69

16
12

7
7

29
21
8

96
37
59

68
65
3

152
16
136

3
—
3

- —

5
1

-

—
—
~

12
12
—

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

243

1 .7 0

1 .6 3

1 .5 2 -

1 .6 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

8

46

37

98

5

6

-

-

-

37

-

5

-

-

-

PACKERS. SHIPPING -------------------

32

1 .8 2

1 .9 1

1 .6 9 -

2 .0 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

1

5

6

1

6

4

6

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

RECEIVING C L E R K S -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

156
90
66

2 .5 7
3 .0 8
1 .8 7

2 .9 0
3 .0 2
1 .8 3

1 .9 0 - 3 .1 0
2 . 9 3 - 3 .3 0
1 .5 9 - 2 .0 4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18

1
-

5
5

10
10

9
9

1
1

6
3
3

6
1
5

37
37

15
15

~

~

”

17
16
1

15
15

1

15
2
13

1
1

“

SHIPPING ANO RECEIVING CLERKS -----

42

2 .0 6

2 .1 2

1 .9 8 -

2 .1 7

-

-

-

-

*

-

3

-

10

3

24

-

2

~

-

-

-

T R U C KD RI VE RS5 -----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

1 .9 4
2 .1 3
1 .9 1
2 .5 2

1 .6 7
2 .1 8
1 .6 4
2 .3 7

1
1
1
2

- 2 .3 9
- 2 .5 5
- 2 .3 3
- 3 .1 4

_

_
-

-

-

165
7
158

30
10
20

19
2
17

47
4
43
42

33
3
30
25

64
6
58
49

67
57
10
5

I ll
I ll
111

_
-

~

37
22
15
8

63
1
62

~

204
6
198
“

-

-

_
-

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ---------------

1 .0 8 6
134
952
256

TRUCKORIVERS. LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

72
65

1 .4 5
1 .4 1

1 .3 1
1 .2 9

1 .2 4 1 .2 3 -

_

_

_

1
~

14
11

3
3

2
2

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4---------------

564
113
451
96

1 .8 2
2 .1 5
1 .7 4
2 .3 7

1 .6 5
2 .2 3
1 .6 1
2 .2 0

1 .5
1 .9
1 .5
2 .1

117
6
111

7
5
2

2
2
-

28
22
6
6

OROER

FILLERS -----------------------

NO NM ANUFACTURIN G - - --------------------------------

.5
.7
.5
.1

2
7
1
0

3
1
2
0

1 .7 3
1 .7 1

- 2 .1 6
- 2 .5 5
- 2 .0 4
- 2 .4 6

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY (OVER A TONS.
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S4- -------------

319
311
112

2 .1 8
2 .2 0
2 .4 2

2 .0 3
2 .0 4
2 .3 6

1 .6 1 - 2 .9 1
1 . 6 1 - 2 .9 1
2 .0 5 - 3 .1 4

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT) --------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4---------------

524
259
265
85

1 .9 7
2 .1 4
1 .8 0
2 .1 9

1 .9 1
2 .1 5
1 .6 4
1 .9 9

1
1
1
1

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------

124
102

2 .1 3
2 .0 4

1 .9 4
1 .8 0

.5
.6
.5
.9

6
2
5
3

- 2 .3 2
- 2 .7 8
- 1 .9 8
- 2 .6 1

1 .7 6 1 .7 5 -

2 .5 5
2 .5 1

~
-

-

-

-

-

6
—
6

9
9
~

60
60
16

106
10
96

~

43
4
39
”

9
9

26
26

12
12

2
1

14
14

64
10
54

20

~
_

-

_
-

~

_
-

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_
~

_
-

16
16
16

_
-

_
—
-

_
-

_
-

30
30

-

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

“

Data limited to m e n workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




_
-

6

-

-

6

-

-

-

20
-

—

123
4
119

-

~

~

27
27
27

3
2

9
9

58
58

50
30
20
1

27
15
12
12

38
14
24
24

61
61

_
—

9

21

18

~

—

21

L

_

1

21

1

-

-

~

54
54

13
2
11

40
40

_

_

56
49
7
4

8
8

_

_

-

37
6
31
22

18

100

-

33
3
30
25

21

_
-

~

3
1

49

70
24
46

100

_
”

15
7

14
14

45
30
15

23
4
19
18

_
~

24
24
24

9
7

54
52

~

_

7
7

47
47

3

3
3

~

_
-

22
2
20

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

~

”

~

—

~

_
—

~

37
16

~

_
~

~
10
10

21
21
21

45
45
45
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

~

_
~

_
-

_
-

~

-

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

10

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions b y m i n i m u m entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced w o m e n office workers, Norfolk— P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s — H a m p t o n , V a . , June 1965)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
M i n i m u m weekly straight-time salary1

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d on standard we ekly h o u r s 3 of—

All
industries

B a s e d on standard we ekly hours 3 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Establishments studied

Other inexperienced clerical w o rk er s 2

All
schedules

40

40

104

34

XXX

70

XXX

104

34

XXX

70

XXX

23

9

9

14

11

32

11

10

21

16

_
1
1
11
3
1
1
_
2
1
2

_
_
4
2
_
1
_
2

_
4
2
_
_
1
2

_
1
1
7
1
1
1
_
1

1
1
2
2
_
15
5
1
1
_
_
2
_
2

_
_
1
_
_
5
2
_
_
_
_
1
_
2

_
_
_
_
_
5
2
_
_
_
_
1
_
2

1
1
1
2
_
10
3
1
1

_
_
_
2
_
9
3
1

-

_
_
1
6
1
1
_
_
1
1
-

-

-

Establishments having no specified m i n i m u m ------------

17

6

XXX

11

XXX

20

6

XXX

14

XXX

Establishments w h i c h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this category— -----------------------------------------

64

19

XXX

45

XXX

52

17

XXX

35

XXX

Establishments having a specified m i n i m u m ______________
$ 37.50
$ 40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$ 47.50
$5 0. 00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00
$ 57.50
$ 60.00
$ 62.50
$65.00
$ 67.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 40.00
$ 42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$5 0. 00
$ 52.50
$ 55.00------------------------------$ 57.50
$60.00
$ 62.50
$ 65.00
$67.50
$ 70.00

1

T h e s e salaries relate to formally established m i n i m u m starting (hiring) regular straight-time salaries that are paid-for standard w o rk we ek s.
Excludes w o r k e r s in subclerical jobs such as m e s s e n g e r or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard w o r k w e e k s combined, an d for the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k reported.




_
_
1
_

_
_
_
1
_

11

Table B-2. Shift D ifferentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e an d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 )
H

Pe rc en t of manufacturing plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S e co n d sh ift
w ork

A c tu a lly w o rk in g o n —

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o r k

S e c o n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

T o ta l-------------------------------------------------------------------------

89.1

88.1

13.8

5.7

W ith s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l _______________________

85 .3

84.3

13.2

5.4

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ____________________

20.1

19.1

3.4

1.6

2 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------2 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
3 c e n t s ------------------------------------------- -----------4 c e n t s ______________________________________
5 c e n t s _____________________________________
6 c e n t s _____________________________________
7 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s ___________________________________
8 c e n ts — --------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s _____________________________________
12Vz c e n t s __________________________________
I 3 V3 c e n t s __________________________________
15 c e n t s --------------------------------------- -------------16 c e n t s _____________________________________
17 V2 c e n t s __________________________________
20 cents--------------------------------------------------------

.6
1.6
1.1
2.0
6.8
1.0
1.3
2.0
1.7
.8
_
_

_
.6
_
7 .4
1.0
2.0
1.6
1.5
1.0
.9
1.3
.7

.1
.4
.1
.2
.9
.2
.4
.2
.4
.3
_
_

1.1

1.1

.1

6 4 .4

6 4 .4

9.7

3.8

4.4

60.0

.2

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __ ______________________
5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ______________ ___________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________ _________

60.0
-

_

_
_
(2)
.6
_
.2
.1
_
_
.2
_
(2)

.4

(2)

4.4

9.5
-

_
3.7
(2)

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s -----------------

.8

.8

.1

.1

W ith no s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------

3.8

3.8

.6

.3

1 Includes establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments with f o r m a l provisions covering late shifts
ev e n through they w e r e not currently operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 percent.




12

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s .a n d in in d u stry d iv is io n s b y sch e d u led w eek ly h ou rs
o f f ir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew port N ew s— am pton, V a ., June 1965)
P
H
O FF IC E W O R K E R S

PLAN T W O RK ERS

W e e k ly h o u rs
A ll in d ustries

’

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 1
2

A ll in d ustries 3

M an ufscturin g

A ll w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

U nder 37 V2 h ou rs
3 7 V2 h ou rs
O v er 3 7 l/ z and u nd er 40 h o u r s -----------------------------40 h ou rs
O v er 40 and under 44 h o u r s ---------------------------------44 h ou rs
O v er 44 and under 48 h o u r s
48 h o u r s -------------------------- ------- ---------------------------- . . .
O v er 48 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------

5
7
3
82
2
2

7
3
2

1
29
1
69

5
1

2
1

1
2
3
4

88

-

-

-

-

-

-

(4)

-

-

100

-

-

-

-

71
6
2
2
9
4

92
1

85

_

1
1
3

Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s ep a ra tely .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




P u b lic u tilitie s 2

_

4
6
4
1

13

Ta b le B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o f fi c e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by nu m ber o f paid h olid a ys
p r o v id e d ann ually, N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew port N ew s— am pton, V a . , June 1965)
P
H
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

I te m
All industries1

A ll w o r k e r s

_ _____

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

____________________________

100

1 00

100

1 00

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s _________________________________

99

99

99

91

97

91

9

3

9

1

(4 )

1

N um b er of d a y s

1
2
3
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
9

h o li d a y _ ___ __ __ __________ ___ __ ______
h o l i d a y s ____ ___________________________________ _
h o li d a y s _
___ ____________ ________________
h o l i d a y s ________________________________________ _
h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y _____ _____
_________
h o li d a y s
h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 h a l f d a y ________________________
h o l i d a y s __________________________________________
h o li d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ________________ _____
h o li d a y s
___________________ ___ *______
h o li d a y s _____ ____________ _____ __ ________

.

.

(4 )

-

-

(4
~)
5
(4 )
49
1
27
(4 )
15
1

(4 )
3
(4 )
31
1
58
1
4
2

1
15
20
61
1

1
16
43
45
94
94
99
99
99
99
99

2
6
64
65
96
96
99
99
99
99
99

i
63
83
83
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

.

-

5
1
(4 )
1
6
1
23
2
40
9
2

_
1
1
4
2
14
2
66
2
4

_
1
_
6
11
_
17
_
56
(4 )

4
7
73
74
89
90
94
96
97
97
97

(4 )
56
73
73
84
84
90
90
91
91
91

T o t a l h o li d a y t i m e 5

9 d a y s ......................................................................................................
8 d a y s o r m o r e . ___________ ___________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
6Vz d a y s o r m o r e . _____ _________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _________ _________________________
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___ ______ _____________________
5 d ays o r m o re _
__
________ ________________
4 days or m o r e __ _______ __ _______ _____
3 days or m o r e __ _____________________________
2 days or m o r e __________ ___________ ____ —
1 day or m o r e ________________________________

1
2
3
4
5
no h a lf

2
11
51
53
76
77
83
84
84

86

91

In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
A ll com b in a tion s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




and

14

Ta b le B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1965)
P

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s _____________________________

________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
(5 )
-

100
99
1
-

99
99
-

95
63
32
-

97
38
60
-

98
98
-

(5 )

-

(5 )

5

3

2

1
26
(5)

3
14
2

_
3
-

4
5
-

3
4
-

15
1
-

(5 )
42
(5)
56
(*)
(5 )

1
19
80
-

_
88
10
1

(5)
86
(5 )
8
-

1
91
5
-

_
96
(5 )
1
-

(5 )
9
7
82
1
(5 )

1
16
(5)
82
-

2
39
57
1

(5)
62
4
28
(5 )
-

1
89
1
5
-

8
33
56
-

(5)
3
(5 )
94
1
1
-

1
6
(5 )
91
2
-

98
1
-

(5)
47
5
42
(5)
(5)

1
72
9
15
-

3
1
94
(5 )

(5)
3
(5)
94
(5 )
1
-

1
6
(5 )
91
2
-

-

(5 )
46
5
43
(5 )
(5)

1
70
9
16
-

-

98
1
-

2
1
95
1
2
(5 )
“

1
2
95

98

11
1
82
1
(5 )
(5)

6
2
87
2
(5 )
“

100

M ethod o f p aym en t
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid v a c a t io n s ___________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t_____________________
P e r c e n t a g e p aym en t___________________ __ __
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t____________________________
— —
O th er -------------------------- ------------W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s __ __________
___ ____ _
A m oun t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek___ __ ____________
___ __
__
1 w eek ______ __________ ________ __ ___
_____
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ____ ________ ___
A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____________ ______________
__
_
— __
1 w eek __ __ _____ __
O v e r 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _ _____
_____
____ ___
___ ___
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w ee k s
_ __
----- ---------3 w eek s _
________ __ ____ ______
_ ------A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k _ _________ ____________ ____ ___ ______
1 w eek____ ___ _ _ ______ _ ---------—
----O v er 1 and u nd er 2 w e e k s ------ ----- __ ------------2 w e e k s __ ______
____________ _
----- ----O v er 2 and un d er 3 w eeks _ ----- _ _ _ _ _
3 w eek s _____ __ _ ____________
_ — -----A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k .. ___ ___ __ _ ----------- ------------1 w eek __
_ _____ ____ — _
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w ee k s _ ____ _ _ --------2 w eek s ____________
______
___
___ _ _
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __________ _ __ ____
3 w eek s _
_________ ____________________________
4 w e e k s _________
_______
— ---------- ----------A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
___ ________
— - ------------1 w eek___ ___ __ __
_ ______ __
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eek s
_________ ____ ____ _____
______
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w eek s _ _ __ _____ _ ______ __________ ____
4 w e e k s _________ ________ __ _____ — — -----

3
1
94
(5 )

A ft e r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek_ _________________________ __________
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________ _ _ _
2 w eek s _ __
— __ __
- ------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ____________ ________
3 w e e k s ------------------------------------ ------------------ - —
O v er 3 and u nd er 4 w ee k s
--------- ----------------4 w e e k s _____ ______________________ ______
S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .




-

-

-

3
"

1
"

1
1
95
-

(5 )

15

Ta b le B-5.

Paid Vacations1— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1965)
H

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o li c y
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

2
(5)
64
14
17
( 5)
1

1
1
35
44
16
3

_
61
39
-

2
( 5)
62
14
20
( 5)
1

1
1
33
44
18
3

_
_
53
47
-

2
(5)
29
( 5)
66
( 5)
2

1
1
16
_
79
_
3

_
10
90
_

2
(5)
29
( 5)
38
( 5)
28
1

1
1
16

_

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

10
(5)
67
4
13
1

5
1
75
7
8
( 5)

1
73
24
( 5)

10
( 5)
64
3
17
_
1

5
1
75
6
10
( 5)

1
_
45
52
_

10
( 5)
49
1
34
_
1

5
1
61
2
28
_

1
7
89
_

( 5)

(5)

10
(5)
20
1
53
1
10
(5)

5
1
7
2
81
1

1
_
7
46

10
( 5)
20
1
46
18
( 5)

5
1
7
2
79
-

AUindustries 4

A m o u n t o f v a c a t io n p a y 6— C o n tin u e d
A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1
O v er 1 and
2 w e e k s __
O v er 2 and
3 w e e k s _..
O v er 3 and
4 w e e k s __

u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
____ _______________________________
u n d e r 3 w e e k s _______________________
,
____________________________________
u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------- --------------------------------------

-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ---- --------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ____________ ________
3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — __ __________________
4 w e e k s __
------------ -------------------------- -----------

-

( 5)

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek.
__________________ _____________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w eeks
r
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ -----------------------------3 w e e k s __
__
_____________ —--------O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __ . __ ____________
4 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------

-

A f te r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ..
------------- ------------- ------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------ ---------------------2 w e e k s ---- ---- ----- -----------------------------------------------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------3 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------- ----- ----------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------

-

10

-

-

30

49

-

-

51
1

41
-

1
1
16

10

(* )

-

43
-

A f te r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______
__________ __________ _______
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __ __ ______________
3 w e e k s __ __ ______________ __________ ____ _________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s — ____________________
4 w e e k s __
_ __ __ «-____ _____ _____________
O v er 4 w e e k s .. —
--------- ----------------------------- —

2
(5)
29
(5)
18
( 5)
49
1

_
-

-

-

29
52
1

6
84
~

4
(5)

1
-

7
-

6
_
84
-

1 In clu des b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o se plans w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s with qualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s t e e l, alum in um , and ca n in d u s tr ie s .
2 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s ep a ra tely .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
4
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e sta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
6 In clu d es paym ents o th e r than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p aym en ts, co n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r ex a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t of
annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fl e c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n s .
F o r ex a m p le, the changes
in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E stim a te s a re cu m u la tiv e .
Th us, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d es th ose who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




16
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in esta b lis h m en ts p rov id in g
health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e fits , 1 N o rfo lk —P o rts m o u th and N ew port N ew s— am pton, V a . , June 1965)
2
H
O FF IC E W O RK E RS

PLAN T W O RK ERS

T yp e o f b e n e fit
P ub lic u tilitie s 3

A ll w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

A ll in d u stries 4

M an ufacturin g

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts pro v id in g :
L ife in s u r a n c e
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s ic k le a v e o r b o t h 5
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e
S u r g ic a l in s u r a n c e
M e d ica l in s u r a n c e
C a ta strop h e in s u ra n ce
R e tir e m e n t pen sion ------------------------------------------No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan------

92

99

98

84

95

98

66

85

38

64

82

44

69

76

75

71

89

66

26

27

20

32

33

23

46

59

48

42

58

46

8

-

16

6

1

-

95
95
81
67
70
2

99
99
76
30
87
( 6)

99
99
93
90
52
( 6)

87
87
75
29
57
10

98
98
87
14
81
2

96
96
89
83
62
2

1 In clu des th ose plans f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d
r e tir e m e n t.
2 In clu d es data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplica ted total o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e plans a r e lim it e d to th ose w h ich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t
the m in im u m nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e c te d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e e x clu d e d .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




17

Ta b le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s — a m p t o n , V a . , J une 1965)
P
H

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
S ick lea v e p r o v is io n
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s ____

____ _________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
f o r m a l paid s ic k le a v e ___ __ _ „ ___________
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no fo r m a l paid s ic k le a v e _____ ______________

100.0

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

53.3

58.7

64.9

47.3

59.8

46.0

46.7

41.3

35.1

52.7

40.2

54.0

32.0
31.5
1.3
15.6
5.0
5.8

53.7
52.2
44.4
1.4
6.4
-

10.9
10.9
-

34.3
34.3

1.8
1.6

29.7

57.8
57.8
54.6

7.4
7.4
4.3
-

T yp e and am ount o f paid s ick
le a v e p ro v id e d annually
U n iform plan: 4
No w aiting p e r i o d -------------------------------------------F u ll pay * ___________________________________
4 days
__
5 d a y s ___________________________________
6 days — -----------------------------------------------10 d a y s ______ _________________________
12 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay------ -----------------W aiting p e r i o d ----- _ — ------------------------------F u ll p a y — ------------------------------------------------G raduated p la n 4 ---- A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
N o w aiting p e r i o d _______ ___________ ______
F u ll p a y * ________
„ _ __ ______ „ _
5 d a y s ___________ _______ ____________
6 d a y s __________________________ _______
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5________________
10 days__ ----------------------------------------------W aiting p e r i o d _____ _
__________________
F u ll pay------- _ - --------- -------------------------P a r tia l pay o n l y ___________________________
G raduated p la n 4 ---- A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d ____ _______________________
F u ll pay * ____________________________ ____ __
8 d a y s ___________________________________
14 d a y s ___________ _____ ______________
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y 5 -----------------------10 d a y s — _ --------- — ----------------------50 d a y s — __
— --------------- ----- ----70 d a y s _____
______________ ________
100 d a y s ________________________________

1.6
.5
.7
.7

1.6

8.9
5.1

4.8
3.7
2.5

2.8
2.0

-

3.8
2.7

1.1
1.1

3.8
7.2

-

11.1

-

6.3
-

10.1

54.1
15.2

-

15.4
3.6
3.8
4.2
2.4

1.1

15.2
38.9
16.5

26.8

48.0

-

-

2.9
2.9
4.7
3.3
1.4

5.0
3.9
2.5

-

.6
1.2
.2

15.2
15.2
15.2
38.9
38.9

20.7
5.2
.7

2.8

1.2

-

-

22.4
-

1.0
2.2
-

1.0
2.1
-

.5
.5
.5
1.5
1.5
-

14.6
14.6
14.6
_
24.0
24.0

4.1

1.9
1.5

38.7
14.6

-

-

1.0

1.4
.3
5.1

2.8

2.3

1.4

6.1
.4
2.0
2.3

.1

-

.5
-

-

-

_

14.6
24.0
-

24.0
-

P r o v is io n s f o r accu m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts having
p r o v is io n s f o r a ccu m u la tio n o f
unused s ic k l e a v e — -----------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

20.4

35.4

56.9

21.0

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilit ie s .
In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
"U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d efin ed as th o se fo r m a l plans u nd er w h ich an e m p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sa m e num ber o f d a y s ' paid s ic k lea v e ea ch y e a r . "G rad u ated
p la n s" a re d efin ed as th o se f o r m a l plans u nd er w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n .
E stim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s a p p lica b le
at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h us, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fter
g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th e r than th o se p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly . N u m b e rs o f days show n under " F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay" a re days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
are en titled to add itional days o f s ic k le a v e at p a r tia l pay.




18

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u s tr ie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s, 1
b y type o f plan, N o rfo lk — o rts m o u th and N ew port N ew s— am pton, V a ., June 1965)
P
H
O FF IC E W O RK E RS

PLAN T W O RK ER8

Type o f plan
A ll Industries2

M an ufmaturing

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s--------------------------------------------

18

3

P lan s p rov id in g f o r c u r r e n t d is t r ib u t io n ------

2

-

P lan s prov id in g f o r d e fe r r e d d is trib u tio n -----

16

3

A ll in d u stries4

M an ufacturin g

100

100

1

6

1

-

( 5)

-

1

6

P u b lic u tilitie s 3

1

P lan s p rov id in g f o r both c u r r e n t and
d e fe r r e d d is trib u tio n --------------------------------------

100

-

P lan s p rov id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m #»th^ r»f HistrihnHnn
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro vid in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s—
-------------------

—

82

97

99

94

99

100

1 The study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e re com m u n ica ted to the e m p lo y e e s in
advance o f the d e te rm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t by the co m p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic co n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the
o f fic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n sep a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er pu b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e ta il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

19




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area* This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes* In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter* May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations* For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions*
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used* Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine*

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

21

22
CLERK, ACCOUNTING?—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check dripping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker*s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

23
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full1' telephone information service occurs when
*
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information puiposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

24
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABUIATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training o f new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYTIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the followings Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the follow ing Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

25

PROFESSIONAL

A ND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAIN TENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P O WE R P L A N T

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




26

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the followings Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; woiking standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning woiking area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning woiking areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woik involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more woikers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the woiking properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his woik; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

27

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Woik involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers, hi general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

28
TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A woiker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

29
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container;- inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are

excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under tl/z tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than foiklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleik
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----

The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964 . 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the latest available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to ry indicating dates o f e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins m ay be purchased fr o m the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U. S. Governm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
o r fro m any of the BLS region al sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .
A rea

Bulletin num ber
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., Apr. 1965__________
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 1965_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1965—
N.
Atlanta, G a ., May 1965_________________________________
Baltimore, M d ., Nov. 1964 1 _______________ -__________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex ., May 1965----------------------Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1965 1________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 __________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1 -------------------------------------- -—

1385-80,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1430-74,
1430-27,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1964 1--------------------------------------------Burlington, V t ., Mar. 1965 1 ----------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965-----------------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1965________________________
Charlotte, N. C., Apr. 1965------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. — a ., Sept. 1964 1 _________________
G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1965 1 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1965______________________
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641----------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641------------------------------------------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
25
20
20
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1964 1 ______________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1964 1__ —. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965---- — -------—-------------- . . . . . . . . ---- Denver, C olo., Dec. 1964---------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965----------------------------------------Detroit, M ich., Jan. 1965 1 --------------------------- ------------- —
Fort Worth, T ex., Nov. 1964 1------- ------------------------------Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1--------------------------------------Greenville, S. C . , May 1965------------------------------------------Houston, T ex ., June 1964 1--------------------------------------------

1430-25,

30 cents

143.0-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1430-69,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
20
25

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964----------------------------------------Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------------------------Kansas City, Mo. — an s., Nov. 1964---------------------------K
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H ., June 1965.-----------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., Aug. 1964 1 ------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1965 1 -----------Louisville, K y .—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1--------------------------------Lubbock, T ex., June 1965— —--------------------------------------Manchester, N. H ., Aug. 1964 1------------- ---------------------—
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965-------------- -------- ----------------- —

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1430-75,
1430-7,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
20
25
30
25
20
25
25

l

Data on establishment practices and supplemental1 wage provisions are also presented.
/




A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Miami, F la ., Dec. 1964-------------------------------------------------Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 19651__________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------Muskegorr-Muskegon Heights, M ich., May 1965________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J . , Feb. 1965-------------------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965---------------------------------------New Orleans, L a ., Feb. 19651 ________________________
New York, N. Y . , Apr. 1964 1 ---------------------------------------Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 19651------------------------------------------Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1 -------------------------------

1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

25cents
25cents
30cents
20 cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
40cents

1430-77,
1430-5,

25cents
25cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964________________________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N .J ., May 1965-----------------Philadelphia, P a .- N .J ., Nov. 1964 1__________________
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1965_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 19651___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964------------------------------------------Portland, Oreg. — ash., May 1965-------------------------------W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I . — a ss., May 19651-----------M
Raleigh, N. C . , Sept. 1964---------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964_____________________________

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25cents
25 cents
35cents
20cents
30cents
25cents
25cents
30 cents
20cents
25cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., May 1965— -------------------------------------------St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1_______________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641 --------------------------------San Antonio, T ex., June 1964----------------------------------------San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif.,
Sept. 1964______________________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Sept. 19641-------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 1------------------Savannah, G a ., May 1965_______________________________
Scranton, P a., Aug. 1964----------------------------------------------Seattle, W ash ., Sept. 1964_____________________________

1430-63,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

20 cents
30cents
25cents
20cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1430-64,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20cents
25cents
25cents
20 cents
20cents
25cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964_______________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1965________-__________________
Spokane, Wash., May 1964--------------------------------------------Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651______________________________
Trenton, N .J ., Dec. 19641 ------------------------------------------Washington, D. C .- M d .- V a ., Oct. 1964 1 _____________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965__________________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 ___________________________
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641___________________________
Worcester, M a ss., June 1965__________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1965___________________________________

1430-15,
1430-54,
1385-78,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,

20cents
20 cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25 cents
20cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102