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Occupational Wage Survey
WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS




JUNE 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-76
July 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W . Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D .C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishm ent practices and supplementary wage provisions.
It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States.
A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area.
Information on establishment p rac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in m ost of the areas.

Tables:
1.
2.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
change for selected periods------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women------------------------------------A - 2. P rofessional and technical occupations—
m en and women--------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined-------------------------------------A -4 . Maintenance and power pi ant occupations--------------A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations —

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational descriptions--------------------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions-----------------------------------------------------------------

11
13

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
W orcester, M a s s ., in June 1965.
It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Boston, M a ss. , by Leo Epstein,
under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern, A ssistan t Regional
Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

r*- oo o

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied.
After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a round
of surveys, a tw o-part sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The
fir st part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin.
The second part presents in for­
mation which has been projected from individual m etro ­
politan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

Introduction._____________________________________________________________ ——
Wage trends for selected occupational groups------------------------------------------

*N O TE:
Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
areas.
(See inside back co v e r .)
A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the W orcester area is also
available for the machinery industries (May 1965).
Union
sca les, indicative of prevailing pay le v els, are available
for seven selected building trades.

H
i

4
6




Occupational Wage Survey—Worcester, Mass.
Introduction
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
fu ll-tim e w o rk ers, i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification . Earnings data exclude p re­
mium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co st-of-liv in g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work
schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide b a sis.
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings information obtained largely by m ail from the establishments
visited by Bureau field economists in the last previous survey for
occupations reported in that earlier study. Personal visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previous survey.

The averages presented reflect com posite, areawide estim ates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estim ates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishm ents. Sim ilarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assum ed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual e s ­
tablishm ents. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties perform ed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually m ore generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among e s ­
tablishments in the specific duties perform ed.

In each area, data are obtained from representative estab­
lishm ents within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; tran s­
portation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and se rv ic e s. M ajor
industry groups excluded from these studies are government opera­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishments
having fewer than a prescribed number of w orkers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisions which m eet publication criteria.
These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum co st, a greater proportion of
large than of sm all establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estim ates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerica l; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m ove­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishm ent variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B .
Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables because either (1) employment in the occupation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o ssi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.




Establishment P ractices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supple­
mentary wage provisions (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women office w orkers; shift differentials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins for this a rea.

1

2




T a b le 1# E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ie d in W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 June 1965
N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m e n ts in s c o p e
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ith in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

_

A l l d iv is io n s _____________________________________________________

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied

269

5 8 ,8 0 0

36, 180

47
42

4 2 ,1 0 0
1 6 ,7 0 0

2 6 ,2 2 0
9 ,9 6 0

11

-

50
50
50
50
50

89

163
106

50

M a n u fa ctu rin g ____ — ---------—
-----------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g
_______
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5__ — _____ ___ —
_ —
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6
_
__
__ _
__ ______
R e t a il tr a d e 6 __
- —
----- — -----F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6
.
_ _
S e r v i c e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts

9
5
14

3 ,2 0 0

2 ,9 9 0
440
2 ,8 8 0
3, 140
510

15
53
17

1,000

7 ,5 0 0
4 ,2 0 0
800

8
6

10

1 T h e W o r c e s t e r Stan d ard M e tr o p o lit a n S t a t is tic a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f the c it y o f W o r c e s t e r ; and the tow n s o f A u b u rn , B e r lin , B o y ls t o n , B r o o k f ie ld ,
E a s t B r o o k f ie ld , G ra ft o n , H o ld e n , L e i c e s t e r , M illb u r y , N o rth b o ro u g h , N o r t h b r id g e , N o rth B r o o k f ie ld , O x fo r d , S h r e w s b u r y , S p e n c e r , Sutton, U pton,
W e s tb o r o u g h , and W e s t B o y ls t o n in W o r c e s t e r C o u n ty, M a s s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly
a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t im a t e s a r e n ot in ten d ed , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s
a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n ce o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d stu d ie d , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d itio n o f the S tand ard In d u s tr ia l C la s s ific a t io n M an u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s if y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n .
3 In clu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l o u tle ts (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in s u ch
in d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and m o t io n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 es ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a ra te p r e s e n t a t io n
o f data f o r th is d iv is io n is not m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enou gh data
to m e r it s e p a r a te stu d y, (2) the s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in ad equ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s i b il i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d ata.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o t io n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2.

In d e x e s o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s in
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1965 and June 1964, and p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e 1 f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
2
In d exes
(June 1961=100)

P e rce n ts o f change1

In d u stry and o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p
Jun e 1965

A l l in d u s t r ie s :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____
In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )—
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )_____________
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) _________ ________

110.8
111.2
109.0

M a n u fa ctu r in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____
I n d u s tr ia l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )—
S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )_____________
U n s k ille d p la n t ( m e n ) __________________

110.

June 1964
to
June 1965

June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
June 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

1 .9
3. 1

June 1964

1. 6
0
1. 1

2. 1
1. 6

2 .7

3. 3

4. 2

4. 2
5 .6
3. 2
3 .9

3 .6
1. 1
3 .4
4. 7

1 .5
2. 5
.9
3 .5

3. 2
1. 6
1 .4
3. 3

4. 2
5 .6
2. 8
7 .0

3. 7
1. 1
3 .4
3 .5

1 1 3 .9

1 0 8 .7
1 0 7 .9
106. 1
1 1 1 .9

2.8
1.8

1 1 1 .4
1
1 0 8 .2
1 1 6 .9

109. 2
106. 8
105. 2
1 1 4 .5

3. 2
2. 8
2. 1

1 U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ica te d , a l l ch a n g e s a r e i n c r e a s e s .
2 T h is d e c lin e l a r g e ly r e f l e c t s e m p lo y e e tu r n o v e r w ith in

2.0

and

b e tw e e n

h ig h -

and

lo w -w a g e

e s ta b lis h m e n ts

r a th e r

than

June I960
to
June 1961

w age

decreases.

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerica l workers and industrial nu rses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial n u rses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for norm al hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; c lerk s, accounting,
class A and B; clerk s, file , cla ss A , B , and C; cle rk s, order; clerk s,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, cla ss A and B;
office boys and g irls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; m achinists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— janitors, po rters, and cleaners; and lab orers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easu re, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases, in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay lev els.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. S im ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

4

A. Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , W o r c e s te r, M a ss . , June 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number
of
woricers

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e arn in g s of—
$

$
45

t.

i>

$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

J.

1>

1.

$

1i

$

$

$

S

$

$

6

*

S

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

50

S e x , o ccu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

-

-

1

-

-

7
7

-

1
1

1
1

1
1

2
2

3
3

_

1
1

1

5
5

9
9

2
2

4
4

_

-

-

_
-

18

11
11

4

5

2

3

3

4

3

3

2

1

2

14
I*,

-

—

5

4

1

-

-

2

—

-

-

-

—

-

-

4

4
-

10
8

23
23

1
1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

13
5

5
3

1

1

7
14

28

23

8
20

10

16
14

6

17
16

4
3

2
2

11
11

12
12

3

1

1

-

-

—
-

_
-

2

4
4
-

-

13

5
5

9

6
8

32
29

11

4
4

16

a
a

4
4

1
1

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
—

_
-

_
—

1
1

2
2

3
3

_

1

_

l

~

1
1

12
10
2

2
2

1
1

4

_

-

3
3
-

1

1
1

-

-

and
under

M
EN
CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
36

$
$
4 0 .0 1 0 8 .0 0 1 2 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 9 .5 0 1 2 2 .5 0

$
%
8 9 . 0 0 - 1 2 8 .5 0
9 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 6 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

5 5 .5 0
5 7 .5 0

5 2 .5 0 - 6 0 .5 0
5 3 .5 0 - 6 2 .5 0

_

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS a --------------------------------------------------

23

3 9 .0

8 4 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

7 6 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

-

BILLERS, MACHINE I BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------

39

3 8 .5
J

7 1 .0 0
OJ..UU

7 2 .5 0
i U. vU

5 2 .5 0 - 88.00
J.UU
* .u u

8

4

-

1

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

50
36

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
8 9 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4

2

2

~

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS a --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

97
76

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

6 3 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

5 7 .5 0 - 7 8 .0 0
5 7 .0 0 - 7 3 .0 0

-

16
13

16
15

23

4
4

10
8

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING :---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

203
108
95

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

8 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0

7 3 . 5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
8 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
68. 0 0 - 8 6 .00

-

_
-

4
4

20

-

-

26
16

20

10

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------Ai UALlliC ATTIIO TklP
i
riUNnANUrAtl UKirfb —
~

234
128
1 UO

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
u

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

6 4 . 0 0 - 7 8 .0 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 1 .5 0

-

10

15

53

5

8

45
14

33
16
1'

1

32
32

25

1A
14

20

1

-

-

11

WM
O EN

Olm
OU

31
84

4 0 .0
3 7 .0

6 7 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

6 9 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

Annn
6 3 . 5 0 - 7 5 .5 0
5 3 .0 0 - 6 1 .5 0

r *Lcni/c
cti c
/'» acc r*
Vi CKKo 9 r lL C f v# Ado L
L
hiiiAua AiiiacArruo n i r
liUrinArlUrAL I UK into

64

3 1 .5

5 4 .0 0

AA #Art
5 5 .5 0

s 0 . n n AQ* An
5n *0 0 - 5 9 . 5 0

1A
16

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

6 8 . 0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
6 8 .5 0 - 8 4 .5 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

131
85
46

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 6 . U0

68.00-

_
-

f .

77

rnunrntiCT C l \
w U H r 1 U i i L 1Cu

nnc.i a
U r C KA

i-nn r
1U l S a

m^vpiiMru fiPFCATn^^. v i A j^^ M —
rL a w a — — —
—
iVl f r U If vil U r C n A 1
y A K r Ar i i k ik ir
n Ariu. n c i t T iu o inib - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------u a i ic a m
r
n A \i iiU r AC l iUDK ii lul b . .
— . ... ..
kUlM AkikIC A T 1 UK INb
U
*
NuiinAMUrAl, T II D T 11!* — — — — — — —
—————
n cr c i rv ct
U r1

r il m L c
b K j

See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




*
3 9 .5

1

u. u

O

7 3 .5 0

'

*

8 7 .5 0
6 8 .5 0 - 8 9 .5 0
6 5 .5 0 - 8 1 .0 0

2

®

-

-

7
3

2

*

14
14

7
7

5
5

2
2

10
6

25

2

25
19

5

6

4

14

11
10
1

^'

'

IT
10
1

12
6
6

7

9

*

*

6 6 .5 0

6 6.00

6 0 .5 0 - 7 1 .0 0

AJ
63

^7* 5
3 f. c

6 6 .00

AA* An
6 5 .5 0

An*An~ /2 . 0 0
6 0 . 5 0 — 7 ?* n n

43

37

*

”

2

*

11

50

16

6 4 00

-

10

*
16

11

_

18
12
6

16

25

33

17

7

2

1n
10

1A
16

n
10

~

~

l**

*

'

-

-

-

_
~

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

—
-

_

~

2
2

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

1
1
1

13

1

1

*

6
1U

1
1

5
3

3
18

7 9 .5 0

3 8 .5

57

6

9
*

l

i.5 0 - 8 . 0

7 2 .5 0

115

50

22

*

r a coi/c
era t
tLcKK oy r l L c f n .Aoo q
U ac c o
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------— —— — — — —
— ————

8
8

21

-

5
5

5
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , June 1965)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

$

Average
weeklyhours 1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

t

S

$

$

(

$

$

>

f

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

80.00106.50
87.00109.50
75.00- 96.00

-

-

18
7
11

42
17
25

40
17
23

29
19
10

23
14
9

44
19
25

52
44
8

46
42
4

24
21
3

44
29
15

15

8
5
3

9
9

-

6
6

3

-

“

21
11
10

60
36
24

20
16
4

14
9
5

36
32
4

10
10

5
2
3

13
13

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

-

—

_
—

—

-

_

1

5

_

_

-

_

-

_

and
u n d er

50

women

*

55

45

50
_

55

- Co n t i n u e d

$

$

$

$

S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

402
263
139

39.0
40.0
38.0

94.50
98.00
87.00

95.50
99.50
85.50

STENOGRAPHERS* G E N E R A L -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

191
130
61

39.5
40.0
38.5

74.50
77.00
69.50

72.00
76.50
67.50

66 .50- 83.00
68 . 0 0 - 84.00
64 .00- 75.50

8
8

~

4
1
3

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR ------------M A N U F A CT UR IN G -------------------

139
130

40.0
40.0

81.00
81.00

81.50
82.00

73.50- 89.00
73.50- 89.50

-

2
2

16
15

25
23

19
17

26
24

22
20

15
15

10
10

39.0
40.0
38.0

76. 00
81.50
71.50

77.00
81.50
75.50

6 6 .00 -

1
1

6
4
2

7
2
5

4
3
1

10
3
7

10
5
5

1
1

6
3

1
1

3

39.5
40.0
38.5

71.00
72.00
68.50

69.00
69.50

2
1
1

11
7

13
11
2

15
14
1

3

_
-

2
2

5
5

90.50

92.50

78 .00-104.50

2

2

1

4

1

3

3

2
2

2
2

4

57
41
16

7

6 8 .0 0

66.50- 76.00
66 .5 0- 77.00
65 .5 0- 72.00

—

4
4

3
2

SW I T C H B O A R D OPER AT OR S---------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------S W I T CH B0 AR 0 OPERATOR-RECEP TIONISTSMANUF AC T U R I N G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

114
86

28

T A 8U LA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ----------------------TRANSCRIBI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS*
---------G E N E R A L --------------- :
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------------

84.50
71.00- 94.00
62 .0 0- 81.00

“

6

6

4

6
2

1
1

19
12
7

21
11
10

15
9
6

2
2

72
60

26
20

14
14

2
1

6

2

2

12

37.5
36.5

69.50
6 8 . 00

68.50
67.50

64 . 0 0 - 74.00
63 . 0 0 - 72.50

5
5

21
19

TYPISTS. CLASS A ---------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

131
76
55

39.5
40.0
38.5

70.30
71.00
70.00

69.00
70.00
69.00

64 .0 0- 77.00
64 .0 0- 78.00
64 .5 0- 76.50

6
6
-

32
16
16

33
17
16

TYPISTS. CLASS B ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ----------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -------

304
195
109

39.0
40.0
37.5

62.50
64.00
60.5 0

63.00
65.00
60.00

58.00- 68.00
60.00- 69.00
56 .5 0- 64.00

83
38
45

81
49
32

12

-

3

8
5

89
67

24
12

3

12

27
21

18
12

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u te d f o r e a c h j o b b y to ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te sh ow n .
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f pay; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than
the h ig h e r r a t e .




6




Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

(A v e ra g e s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p ation s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s try d iv is io n , W o r c e s te r, M a ss ., Ju n e 1965)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—
$

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

75
and
under

80

85

90

*
95

$
100

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

130

80

S e x , occu p ation , and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

*

$

$

$

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14
12

5
5

8
8

-

1

WM
O EN
NORSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

49
44

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
9 8 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

$
9 8 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

$
$
9 1 .5 0 9 1 .5 0 -

1 0 6 .5 0 3
1 0 5 .5 0 3

3
3

2
2

8
8

2
-

-

3
3

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- tim e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o rre s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly
h o u rs.
2 F o r d efin itio n of te r m s , see fo otn ote 2, ta b le A - l .

D ata w e r e not
d e s c rip tio n s , w h ich
It w a s not fe a s ib le
fo r d ra fts m e n and

c o lle c te d fo r d ra fts m e n and t r a c e r s due to the r e v is io n of o ccu p ation al
w e r e r e v is e d to fa c ilita te im p ro v e d c la s s ific a tio n . (See app end ix A.)
to c o lle c t e a rn in g s d ata b y m a il the f i r s t y e a r ; h o w e v e r, e a rn in g s d ata
t r a c e r s w ill be c o lle c te d b y p e rs o n a l v i s i t and p u b lish ed n ext y e a r .

7
Table A-3.

Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Worcester, Mass., June 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number

of

Average
Number

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard (standard)
Weekly

Occupation and industry division

of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings i
(standard) (standard)

CFFICE OC CUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------------NGNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

39
26

38.5
37.5

$
71.00
61.00

BO OK KEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

50
36

39.0
39.0

87.00
90.50

BO OKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

97
76

39.0
39.0

67.00
64.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLAS S A -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

300
192
1 OB

39.0 100.50
40.0 111.50
37.5
80.50

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---- ------------

245
132
113

38.5
40. 0
37.5

71.60
75.00
67.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------M ANUr AC I UK 1N G —— — — — —
— — — — ——
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
31
84

38. 0
40.0
37.0

60.50
67.50
58.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

87
64

38.0
37.5

56.00
54.00

CLERKS, O R DE R -----------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

76
72

40.0
40.0

92.50
93.50

*

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

135
88
47

39.0
40.0
38.0

Average

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard1 (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CO NT IN UE D
•
P
71.00
72.00
68.50

77.50
79.00
75.00

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS MA NU FACTURING -------------------------------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

114
86
28

TABULATI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------

25

38.5 105.00

TA BU LATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------------------------------

51
29

39.5
40.0

87.50
98. 0 0

TRANSCRIBI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

92
25
67

37.5
40.0
36.5

69.50
74.00
68.00

TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

131
76
55

39.5
40.0
38.5

70.50
71.00
70.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MAMI IP AT i Ur\inu
n ANur Ac Tilft IMT.
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

306

39.0

109

37.5

62.50
64.00
60.50

50
45

39.5
40.0

99. 00
98.00

CO MP TO ME TE R OPERATORS -------------------------------

69

39.0

75.00

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -------------------------------------------

74
61

39.5
40.0

73.50
75.00

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

115
52
63

38.5
40.0
37.5

66.50
66.50
66.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NUNM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

81
45
36

38.5
40.0
37.0

57.50
58.00
56.50

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

402
263
139

39.0
40.0
38.0

94.50
98.00
87.00

CT tlNUbKArnClN jf uCriCKAL
EKiilC D ADU f D C- CPKiPD Al
MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG -----------------

191
130
61

39. 5
40.0
38.5

74. 50
77. 00
69.50

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

139
130

40.0
40.0

81.00
81.00

S W IT CH BO AR D O P E R AT OR S---------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

56
26
30

39.0
40.0
38.0

76.00
81.50
71.50

39.5
40.0
38.5

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) --MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.




Number
of

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
■(Average s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1965)
Hourly earnings1

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean2 Median 2

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-■time h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f

Middle range 2

U n der
$

$
$
$
$
$
S
6
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
S
1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.60 2 . 50 2. 60 2. 70 2 . 80 2 . 90 3 .00 3. 10 3. 20 3.30 3.60 3.50 3.60 3.70
.
and

_

1.90 u n d er
2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.60 2.50 2.60 2.70 2. 80 2 .
,90 3. 00 3 .10 3. 20 3. 30 3.60 3. 50 3.60 3.70

and
over

$

CARPENTERS* M A I N T E N A N C E ----—
— —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- * ----- »
-

$

76
67

2.75
2.65

2. 7 9
2.76

$
$
2 . 3 5 - 3.03
2. 3 1 - 2.97

“

2
2

2
2

10
10

2
2

7
7

3
3

2
2

2
2

10
10

9
9

5
3

11
11

-

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ ----------- ■
—

180
176

3.10
3.10

3.20
3.20

2 . 8 6 - 3 .33
2 . 8 7 - 3.33

1
1

_

2
2

_

2
2

_

-

8
7

7
7

1
1

13
12

18
18

15
15

19
18

6
6

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------- —

62
60

3. 00
3.02

3.16
3.15

2 . 7 8 - 3.26
2 . 9 2 - 3.25

-

_

_

_

6
3

1

-

1
l

-

-

5
5

_

-

6
6

-

12
12

FIREMEN* STATIONARY BOILER --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- ----

106
99

2.63
2.63

2.61
2. 39

2 .2 1 - 2.68
2 . 2 2 - 2.69

6
5

1
1

15
15

2

20
20

9
9

6
6

6
6

19
15

12
12

8
8

1
1

-

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------- -------- --- —

76
55

2.22
2.19

2.22
2.15

2. 0 6 - 2.38
2 . 0 5 - 2.39

5
5

3
-

19
19

8
8

13
6

11
7

7
7

5
5

3

_

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM —
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------

203
203

2.81
2. 81

2.85
2.85

2 . 58 - 2.99
2. 5 8 - 2.99

_

5
5

5
5

1
1

9
9

6
6

6
6

25
25

19
19

11
11

31
31

60
60

10
10

19
19

MACHINISTS* M A I N T E N A N C E ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

231
22B

2.93
2.92

2. 90
2. 89

2 . 7 6 - 3.23
2. 7 6 - 3.23

_

-

3
3

2
2

10
10

5
5

19
19

_

1
1

68
68

29
29

17
17

16
12

16
16

30
30

32
32

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------- *
--M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------- *
------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

89
26
63
55

2.78
2.87
2.75
2.78

2.86
2.86
2.72
2.59

2.672. 8 3 2.652.65-

1

_

_

1
1

5

-

5
1
6
3

26

-

-

18
18

6

2

2
2

-

13
13

2
2

_

26
23

10
6
6
6

13

—

~

6
6

2
2

16
18

8
5

6
6

6
6

18
18

32
32

10
10

26
26

36
36

9
9

16
16

7
7

2
2

_

2
2

7
7

10
9

_

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

18
18

18
18

3
3

_

_

_

2
2

_

1
1

9
9

9
8

3.01
2.91
3.05
3.06

-

2

-

_

—
_

6
6

7
7

_

_

_

2
2

6
6

-

_

5
5

1
1

1
1

_

-

6
6

1
1

_

-

-

_

_

1
1

15
15

9
9

-

_

10
10

5
5

10
10

18
18

16
16

86
86

57
57

MECHANICS* MAINTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

202
196

2. 89
2.88

2.95
2.96

2 . 7 2 - 3.16
2 . 7 3 - 3.15

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

33
32

2.76
2.73

2.86
2.85

2. 5 5 - 2.96
2 . 5 3 - 2.95

_

OILERS --------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

52
52

2.51
2.51

2. 50
2. 50

2. 6 2 - 2.57
2 . 6 2 - 2.57

3
3

_

PIPEFITTERS* MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

75
76

3.06
3.06

3.07
3.07

2 . 9 2 - 3.16
2. 9 2 - 3.16

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS* MAINTENANCE —
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

36
36

2.95
2.95

2.92
2.92

2. 8 5 - 3.16
2 . 8 5 - 3.16

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

276
276

2.90
2.90

2. 89
2.89

2 . 8 1 - 3.02
2 . 8 1 - 3.02

1
-

-




-

“

_

_

—
_

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

-

-

“
-

_

_

-

_

_

h o lid a y s ,

-

_

and la te sh ifts.

5

-

_
_

—

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

18
18

23
23

_
18
18

5
5
60
60

6
3

1

-

36
36

28
28

7
7

1
1

5
2

8
8

5
5

_

_

_

~

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
11
11
2
2

-

13
13

-

-

_

6
1

3
3

_
6
6

_

3
2

“

-

_
-

_
_
—

-

“

_

-

5
-

_
-

_
-

_
1
1

_

_

_

~

_

-

~

~

_
-

1
1

6
6

_

_

1
1

2
2

3
3

5
5

8
8

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

9
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1965)
Hourly earnings 2

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

S
$
$
s
S
S
$
S
$
S
$
$
%
S
S
S
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2 . 30 2 .40 2 .50 2 .60 2 .
,70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
under

~

$
1.36
1.36

$
1.33
1.33

$
$
1.27- 1.38
1.27- 1.38

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------MA NUFACTURING --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

237
202
35

2.09
2.11
2. 00

2.17
2.17
2.14

1.78- 2.41
1.85- 2.40
1.58- 2.46

-

GUAROS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

13
13

17
17

2

2

8
8
~

10
7
3

9
4
5

19
15
4

14
13
1

-

-

2

4

1

2

o

34
34

O

ELEVATOR OPERATORS* PASSENGER
(WOMEN) -----------------------------NO NM ANUFACTURING -----------------

fO

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2 .50 2 .60 2 .70 2 .
,80 2.90

and

3. 10 3.20 3.40 3.60 over

1

3
3
22
21
1

41
36
5

36
35
1

6
4
2

31
26
5

17
11
6

_
-

14
14

_
-

—

-

-

-

_
—

-

~

1
1
“

6

1

12

25

14

2

26

11

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

73
71
2

37
22
15

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

4
4

1
1

2
2

—

-

_

_

_

__

_

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

3
3
~

14
4
10
10

2
2

3
3

_

86
1
85
85

10
10

_

15
15
~

_

_

_

3
3

17
17

_
-

-

7
7

120

2.26

2.25

2. 1 1 - 2.48

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING- *
- -----------------

82

1.88

2.03

1 .6 6 - 2.22

-

8

5

-

14

11

1

-

9

11

21

2

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS --MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

675
481
194

1.91
2.03
1.62

2.00
2.09
1.48

1.54- 2.25
1.74- 2.29
1.34- 1.89

42
5
37

49
22
27

58
16
42

53
36
17

41
32
9

30
24
6

34
25
9

30
28
2

81
57
24

45
41
4

82
82

10
10

JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -----------------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

112
48
64

1.53
1.75
1.37

1.44
1.83
1.37

1.34 - 1.82
1.71- 1.88
1.30- 1.46

16

35
10
25

15
1
14

-

9

1
1

4
4

26
26

2
2

_
-

_
-

4
4

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANO LI NG -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

602
357
245
95

2.29
2.13
2.51
3.12

2.26
1.98
2.38
3.14

1.751.682.31 3 . 12 -

15
12
3

20
12
8

43
39
4

35
35
“

67
56
11

20
13
7

15
15

35
35

21
21

7

37
21
16

98
10
88

16
10
6

_

_

26
8

7
4

_

-

2
1

17
1

11
5

21
10

-

12
10

2.78
2.40
3.13
3.17

-

16
7

-

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

100
43

2.28
2.31

2.37
2.48

1.98- 2.54
1.99- 2.59

PACKERS* SH IPPING ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------

191
178

2.31
2.30

2.28
2.26

1.93 - 2.49
1.92- 2.48

1
“

7
7

14
14

RE CE IV IN G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------- -----------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90
58
32

2.24
2.37
2.01

2.33
2.38
1.86

1.98- 2.54
2.19 - 2.58
1.52- 2.44

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

7

7

SH I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

52
37

2.29
2.33

2.32
2.43

2.14 - 2.53
2.16 - 2.55

_

_

_

_

_

S H I P PI NG AN D RECE IV IN G C L E R K S ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

51
42

2.06
2.08

1.99
1.98

1.68- 2.53
1.68- 2.56

_

_

_

-

5
5

TRUC KD RI VE RS5 ----------- ------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------

567
219
348
210

2.67
2.38
2.85
3.14

2.69
2.49
3.12
3.15

2.39 1.952 . 52 3 . 12 -

_
-

-

_
-

-

:

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

48
44

2.07
2.03

2.15
2.12

1.68- 2.45
1.66- 2.45

TRUCKDRIVERS* ME OI UN (1-1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

118
27
91

2.39
2.09
2.48

2.40
1.96
2.45

2. 3 3 - 2.61
1.88- 2.33
2 . 3 6 - 2.63

T R U C K O R 1VERS* HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS*
TR AI LE R TYPE) --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PU BL IC UT I L I T I E S 4---------------

219
140
121

2.96
3.06
3.15

3.11
3.14
3.15

2 . 90 - 3.16
3. 1 1 - 3.17
3. 13 - 3.18

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




_

_

-

9

_

3.13
2.91
3.16
3.17

~

:

13
13

21
21

_

7

-

1
1
_

1
1

33
33

2
2

1
1

27
27

15
15

31
23

5
1

1
1

5
5

1
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

5
5

4
4

5
5

7
7

2
2
-

a

13

8
-

a

11
7
4

8
8
~

_
-

8
8
-

3
—
3

4
2
2

2
2

_
-

_
-

5

2
2

3

1
1

3
2

10
7

7
3

3
2

7
6

13
12

1
-

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

10
7

_

5
5

6
6

4

-

5
5

2

~

-

7
7

7
7

21
21

15
15

2
2

24
12
12

13
10
3

50
25
25

68
26
42

8
8

_
—

52
52

-

-

-

-

211
6
205
205

_
-

-

5
1
4
4

2
2

:

23
11
12
1

-

-

:

7
7

-

_

7
7

2
2

1
1

5
5

11
11

7

_

-

1
1

1

7

18
9
9

7
7

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

1
1
~

2
2
~

5
5
“

10
10
~

~

-

-

3
3

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

46
10
36

7
7

~

2
2

_

~

~

2
2
~

39
3
36

-

-

-

23
2
21

1
1

3
3

4

26

_
-

4

26

8

7

-

16
12

34

-

g

-

-

g

:

-

“

_
-

_
-

4

—

~
1

-

-

~

-

~

_

_

-

4

45

~

_

-

121
121
121

2
2
“

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

10
Table A-5.

Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., Ju n e 1965)
Hourly earnings 2
N

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N um ber of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e arn in g s o f—
—
$

U
of

$

$

%

%

$

t

$

$

*

$

S

$

$

S

S

$

S

$

%

$

$

$

1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
under

and

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2. 30 2. 40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3.20 3.40 3.60 o v e r
TR UC KORIVERS5 - CONTINUED
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS.
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------------NU NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S4 -------------------------------IK U L lstK Sf

rUMcK

1 r UKI xL 1 r 1 1 ——
———
———
MA NUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -----------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

143
30
113
84

$

2.84
2.64
2.89
3.15

$

$

3.12
2.54
3.13
3.15

2 . 53 2.45 2.69 3.13-

$

3.16
2.95
3.17
3.18

168
152

2. 46

2.40

2 . 31 - 2.58
2.29 - 2.57

45
45

2.63
2.63

2.49
2.49

2. 42 - 2.59
2. 42 - 2.59

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
-

-

-

~

-

-

-

D a ta lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s ,
F o r d e f in itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2 , t a b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s a l l d r i v e r s r e g a r d l e s s o f s i z e and ty p e of t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




—

6

-

-

and la t e s h if t s .

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

11
11

7
7

8

-

-

-

-

-

8

- .
-

-

-

-

2

9

39
39

21
13

36
36

1
1

4
4

—

17
17

11
11

-

-

-

—

—

-

~

6
6

-

2
2

11
3

-

12
12

11
2
9

~

4
4

—

-

2
2

-

88
4
84
84

—

-

-

-

—
—

—
- •

-

16
16
-

—

-

4
4

3
3-

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator* The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

11




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary woikers.

off ic e

BILLER, MACHINE

BCX3KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical woik incidental
to billing operations. For wage study puiposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance dieets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c . , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accoimts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical woik.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reportson scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough woiking knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in.addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-tim e assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls .)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g* f giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

16
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woricing supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower lev el draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular Shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.

Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

M A I NT E NA N C E

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factor/ or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the following: Giving first aid to the i ll
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P OWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard diop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
woik. In general, the work of the maintenance caipenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woik of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woik involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more woikers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of the following Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his woik; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

19

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment;, selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe tx correct
>
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

20
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the followings Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating a ll available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m akers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die m akers work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTOD1AL

AND

I

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
E RI A L

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

21
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties*

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in dripping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container* Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Tmckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y . , Apr. 1965---------------Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 1965_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1965—
N.
Atlanta, G a ., May 1965--------------------------------------------------Baltimore, M d ., Nov. 1964 1 ----------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex ., May 1965_______________
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1965 1------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ---------------------------------------Boston, M a ss., Oct. 19641 -------------------------------------------

1385-80,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1430-74,
1430-27,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Miami, F la ., Dec. 1964-------------------------------------------------Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 19651---------------------------------------Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1965 1 -------------------Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., May 1965----------Newark and Jersey City, N. J ., Feb. 1965_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965---------------------------------------New Orleans, L a ., Feb. 19651 ________________________
New York, N. Y . , Apr. 1964 1 __________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964_____________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1 ____________________

1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1430-68,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

25
25
30
20
25
25
30
40

1385-77,
1430-5,

20 cents
25 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 1964 1--------------------------------------------Burlington, V t ., Mar. 1965 1 ----------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965------------------------------------------------Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1965------------------------------------Charlotte, N. C., Apr. 1965------------------------------------------Chattanooga, Tenn. — a ., Sept. 1964 1 -------------------------G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19651 ---------------------------------------------Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1965----------------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641----------------------------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641------------------------------------------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1430-72,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
25
20
20
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964------------------------------------Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N .J ., May 1965___________
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641__________________
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1965_____________________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1965 1___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964------------------------------------------Portland, Oreg. — ash., May 1965_____________________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I. — a ss., May 19651--------M
Raleigh, N. C . , Sept. 1964---------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964------------------------------------- -------

1430-17,
1430-71,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1430-70,
1430-67,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
20
30
25
25
30
20
25

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1964 1 ---------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaI ll ., Oct. 1964 1------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965-------------------------------------------------Denver, C olo., Dec. 1964---------------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965----------------------------------------Detroit, M ich., Jan. 1965 1 ------------------------------------------Fort Worth, T ex., Nov. 19641-------------------------------------Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1---------------------------------------Greenville, S. C . , May 1965------------------------------------------Houston, T ex ., June 1964 1---------------------------------------------

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1430-69,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111. , May 1965----------------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo. —
111., Oct. 19641-----------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641 --------------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964___________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, C a lif.,
Sept. 1964______________________________________________
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1-------------------------------------San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 1----------------Savannah, G a ., May 1965---- ------------- ------------------- -------Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964--------------------------- ------------------Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964---------------------------------------------

1430-63,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1430-64,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964------------------ ---------------------Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 -----------------------------------—
Kansas City, Mo. — an s., Nov. 1964---------------------------K
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H ., June 1965------------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, A r k ., Aug. 1964 1 ------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1965 1 -----------Louisville, Ky. —
Ind., Feb. 1965 1--------------------------------Lubbock, T e x ., June 1965---------------------------------------------Manchester, N. H ., Aug. 1964 1------------------------------------Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965----------------------------------------- —

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1430-75,
1430-7,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1430-73,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
20
25
30
25
20
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. D ak., Oct. 1964-----------------------------------South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1965-----------------------------------------Spokane, W ash., May 1964_____________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651----------------------------------------------Trenton, N . J . , Dec. 19641 --------- --------------------------------Washington, D. C. —
Md. — a ., Oct. 1964 1 --------------------V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965---------------------------------------Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 -----------------------------------------Wichita, K an s., Sept. 1964 1_____________ ______________
Worcester, M a s s ., June 1965---------------------------------------York, P a ., Feb. 1965-----------------------------------------------------

1430-15,
1430-54,
1385-78,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1430-76,
1430-46,

20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102