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Occupational Wage Surveys

PROVIDENCE-PAWTUCKET,
RHODE ISLAND-MASSACHUSETTS
M AY 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




H W II
A A

Occupational Wage Survey
PROVIDENCE—PAWTUCKET,
RHODE ISLAND-MASSACHUSETTS




MAY 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-67
June 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sole by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is designed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the structure and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction________________________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups __________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bulletin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m etropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

A.

3
3

9
10
11

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
_
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers_
B -2. Shift differentials---------------------------------------------------------------B -3. Scheduled weekly hours____________________________________
B -4. Paid holidays-----------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 . Paid vacations______________________________________________
B -6. Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________
B -7 . Paid sick leave-------------------------------------------------------------------B -8 . Profit-sharing plans_______________________________________

13
14
15
16
17
20
21
22

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions-----------------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions
________________________________________

23
25

B.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied___________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods___________________________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women________________________
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men
and women________________________________________________
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations--------------------------A -5 . Custodial and material movement occupations___________

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— ass. , in May 1965. It was
M
prepared in the Bureau's regional office in Boston, M ass. ,
by Leo Epstein, under the direction of Paul V. Mulkern,
Assistant Regional Director for Wages and Industrial
Relations.

1
4

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are
back cover.)

available for other

areas.

(See

inside

Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices
in the Providence—
Pawtucket area are also available for auto dealer repair shops
(August 1964) and banking (November 1964). Union scales, indicative of prevailing
pay levels, are available for building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

5
8




Occupational Wage Survey—Providence—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings*
3
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B.
Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -se rie s
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers.
Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. '‘Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
"Plant workers" include working fore­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B -4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B -2 through B -8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer.
Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 23 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees:
(l) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f side leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— a ss., 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 May 1965
M

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments

Manufacturing-------

_ ---------------------------- --------------------------------

Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 — —
— ---------- __ ---------------------- ----------Wholesale trade _ ----- -------------- —
R «tiH1 ti*ad«
_
_
_
_
Finance, insurance, and real esta te ____________________
S e r v ic e s8 _
__
__ —
------ -----— _

Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

A ll divisions-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments
Studied

Studied
T otal 4

Office

Plant

Total 4

738

140

144,900

2 0,000

105,000

61, 510

50
-

507
231

75
65

106,800
38, 100

10,400
9 ,6 0 0

83, 100
21, 900

40, 450
21, 060

50
50
50
50
50

34
38
85
40
34

16
6
24
11
8

8, 500
2 ,9 0 0
16,200
7, 500
3 ,000

1, 500
(6)
1, 700
(*)
(6)

5, 300
(6)
12,800
0
(6)

7, 160
480
7, 870
4, 320
1,230

1 The Providence—
Pawtucket Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of the following areas in Rhode Island: Central F a lls, Cranston, East Providence, Pawtucket, Providence,
and Woonsocket cities, and seven towns in Providence County; Narragansett and North Kingstown towns in Washington County; Warwick city and three towns in Kent County; all of Bristol County;
and Jamestown town in Newport County; and in M assachusetts: Attleboro city and eight contiguous towns in B ristol, Norfolk, and W orcester Counties.
The "w orkers within scope of study"
estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to
serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data
compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a l l industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estim ates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in estim ates
for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I . — ass. , May 1965 and May 1964,
M
and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(May 1961 = 100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group

May 1964
to
May 1965

May 1963
to
May 1964

May 1962
to
May 1963

May 1961
to
May 1962

March I960
to
May 1961

May 1965

May 1964

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)_____
Industrial nurses (men and women)__
Skilled maintenance (men)____________
Unskilled plant (men) — _______________

116. 6
119.9
115. 1
112. 2

113.
114.
111.
108.

2
7
1
9

3.
4.
3.
3.

1
5
6
0

4.
4.
2.
2.

6
1
5
6

3. 1
6. 8
4. 6
2 .9

4 .9
3. 2
3. 5
3. 2

3. 1
6. 1
3. 4
2 .9

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and w om en)_____
Industrial nurses (men and women)__
Skilled maintenance (men)__ __________
Unskilled plant (m en)__________________

115.
119.
114.
112.

112.
115.
110.
107.

0
5
8
5

2 .9
3 .4
3. 6
4 .4

3.
4.
2.
2.

7
7
1
7

3.
6.
5.
1.

4.
3.
3.
2.

4.
6.
2.
2.

3
3
9
1

2
2
0
8

7
9
4
8

2
2
5
5

4
W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation, and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.




5

A. Occupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1965)
P
M
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

40

hows1

Me an 2

(standard]

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

%
105

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
1

3
1

-

~

l
1

-

-

45

6
5

1

4
4

3

$
$
1 0 4 .0 0 - 11 9.00
1 1 0 .5 0 - 12 6.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
11 2.00
1 1 6.50

$
1 1 3.00
116.50

41
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 6 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

65
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

100.50
10 0.50

99
55
44

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

6 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

6 6 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

5 6 .0 0 5 9 .5 0 5 3 .0 0 -

51
31

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 - 107.00
7 7 .5 0 - 10 8.00

115
89
26
26

3 8 .5
39 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6
6
6
6

0
0
0
0

6 2 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 -

6 1 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 -

7 0 .0
7 6 .5
6 7 .5
6 7 .5

0
0
0
0

-

83
65
39

39 .0
38 .5
38 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

5 3 .5 0 5 2 .5 0 5 4 .0 0 -

6 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

~

4
4
4

62
5b

39. 0
3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 -

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

_
“

_

_

-

-

6
7
4
4

.0
.0
.0
.0

$

8 0 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 7 .5 0 - 11 3.50
8 2 .5 0 - 117.50
7 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

-

“
-

-

_

~
_

-

1

~

-

1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

3
-

~

3

19
6
13

12
9
3

_

_

_

_

2

_

“

-

1
1

8
8

3

5

3

5

1
1

4

$

$

$
110

$
115

S
120

$
125

$
130

$
135

$
140

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

11
1

4
3

13
6

10
9

1
1

4
1

1
1

1
1

4
4

1
1

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

9

9

-

l

9

12
4

4

5
4

2

16

28
27
1

2

2

2

13

3

4

11

1

3
3

11
11

3
3

1
1

9
9

2
1
1

l
1
1

16
16

28
28

6

4

_

_

_

5

~

~

~

41
30
11
4

57
19
38
9

67
26
41
7

21
6
15
8

52
38
14
6

21
21
-

13
10
3

13
-

20
20

13

-

123
79

65
35

64
46

44

30

18

21

4

9

1
1

6

7
2

5

32
13
19

24

8 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

7 8 .5 3 3 1 .5 0 -

9 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

8
-

2
-

111

8 4 .0 0

8 7 .0 0

7 5 .5 0 -

9 3 .5 0

“

“

8

2

525
291
2 34
87

3 9 .0
39 .5

6 9 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 6 1 .0 3 -

8
-

6 9 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

_

38. 5
39 .5

-

21
16
5

38
40

4

21

45
27

38 .5
3 7 .0

262
100
162

“

-

6 2 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

8 2 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

7 1.00 7 2 .5 0 -

8 8 .0 0

_

8 9 .0 0

“

37 .5
38 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

6 2 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

5 5 .5 0 6 1 . SO­

6 8 .5 0
7 2 . 0U

-

16
-

3 6 .5

6 0 .5 0

5 9 .0 0

S O .5 0 -

6 6 .0 0

-

16

_

_
-

11
11

_

_

-

_

1

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

1

“

l

4

_

8 7 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

8
8
_

78

_

3

~

3

45

42

73

10
35

2
40

45
28

37
26

“

1

1

2
l
1

3 8 .5
39 .5
37 .5

-

_
-

4

18

“

1
1

-

4

~

10
10

7
7
2

312

6 7 .0 0

-

2

33
18
18

5
5
5
5

0
0
0
0

15

24
24
8

7 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

6 8 .5 0

$

6
6

9

6 4 .0 0

201

$

10
9

2

0
0
0
0

7 3 .5
7 6 .0
6 9 .0
6 9 .0

$

11
8

2
1

11
11

2

6
6
6
6

8 .0 0 8 . GO8. 007 .5 0 -

$

39
30
9

-

-

39 .0
3 9 .0
38. 5
39 .5

.0
.0
.5
.5

%

9
5
4
4

-

2 97
162
135
34

6
7
4
2

$

and

54
30

7 0 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 -

$

i

and
under

Middle range2

Median 2

45

$

2

15

9

-

10
10

1
1

2
2

2
2

2
2

“

17
17
-

13
5
8

8

34
11
23

31
30

55
40
15

66
39

7
6

25
21

27
22

27

1

4

5

75

27

40

42
33
10

8

10
30

11
10

_

l

11
5
6

1
1

19
8

~

-

2

2
2

18
13

_

_

_

_

1
17
15
2

3

5

2

1

_

3

5

2

1

-

1

-

8

_

"

2

4
-

2
_

4

2

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

1
1

_

l
1

1
1

2

_
-

1

1

_
2

~
_
_

_

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck et, R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1965)
P
M
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$
40

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
45

$

$
50

55

$
60

S

$
65

70

1
75

$
80

$
85

$
95

$
100

$
105

no

$

S
115

S
120

$
125

S
130

$

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

135

140

-

45

WOMEN -

i
90

and
und er

and

140

over

5

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

125

130

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

3
3

_
-

135

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

337
66
271

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

$
5 7 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

$
5 5 .5 0
5 5 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

$
$
5 2 . 5 0 - 6 2 .0 0
5 2 . 5 0 - 6 3 .5 0
5 2 . 5 0 - 6 1 .0 0

-

16
16

146
33
113

78
7
71

38
14
24

42
9
33

12
3
9

-

-

-

-

5

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TR A D E ------------------------------------

313
192
121
79

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

6 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

5 7 .5 0 5 9 .0 0 5 4 .5 0 5 2 .5 0 -

8 3 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 5 .5 0

3
3
3

6
6
6

48
24
24
24

44
31
13
13

55
35
20
13

26
9
17
10

32
22
10
10

4
4
-

24
10
14

40
26
14

12
12

7
7

10
10

2
2

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

361
284
77
30

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

7 5 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

6 6 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 -

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

-

8
3
5
2

24
20
4
1

43
31
12
12

47
36
11
2

53
43
10
9

42
42
-

53
45
8

25
19
6

13
12
1

5
5
-

36
28
8

1
1

~

4
4
4

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

1 39
75
64
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
38. 5
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

7 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 4 . DO67. 506 3 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 -

8 8 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

_
-

_
-

10
6
4
4

11
6
5
5

18
6
12
8

19
2
17
13

9
7
2
2

20
14
6
5

4
2
2
1

19
14
5
2

22
18
4
4

5

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
-

1
1

1

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

115
47
68

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

7 7 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

7 0 .5 0 7 4 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 -

8 8 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 9 .0 0

_
“

_
-

10
10

11
11

3
2
1

4
3
1

12
8
4

24
14
10

15
9
6

12
1
11

13
10
3

7

2

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

7

2

1

1

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

276
163
113

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 3 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

5 7 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 5 6 .0 0 -

7 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

3
3

4
4

32
17
15

73
35
38

44
30
14

42
24
18

17
12
5

33
29
4

12
10
2

_

-

16
6
10

OFFICE GIRLS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

71
41
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
38. 5

5 3 .5 0
5 2 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

5 3 .0 0
5 4 .0 0
5 2 .0 0

5 1 . 0 0 - 5 5 .5 0
5 2 . 0 0 - 5 7 .0 0
4 9 . 5 0 - 5 4 .0 0

_

9
9

44
27
17

12
12
"

2
2
“

_

_

_

1

2

_

1

-

-

~

1

2

“

1

SECR E T A R IE S------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

1 ,2 6 8
8 48
420
32
70

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0
6 9 . 5C
6 9 .0 0

7 7 . 0 0 - 1 0 0 .0 9
8 1 .0 0 —1 0 0 .5 9
7 0 .0 0 — 9 7 .5 0
9 6 . 0 0 —1 2 1 .0 9
6 0 . 5 0 - 7 8 .0 0

_

_

-

-

2
2
2

30
2
28
15

36
3
33
1
14

67
26
41
2
6

136
89
47
7

105
61
44
1
16

195
142
53
1
3

165
140
25
1
3

119
87
32
2
1

94
74
20
1
~

107
92
15
-

84
59
25
6
2

42
20
22
8
~

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

528
254
2 74

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

6 0 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 -

8 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

_

_
-

43
2
41

89
17
72

61
21
40

68
45
23

63
35
28

66
55
11

72
51
21

39
24
15

23
23

4
4

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

297
117
180

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 7 7 .9 9 6 5 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

-

_

_
-

3
3

43
1
42

50
7
43

38
16
22

19
15
4

19
14
5

43
22
21

45
42
3

6

21

2

-

6

21

2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A4-------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

91
35
56

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 0 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

6 2 . 5 0 - 8 0 . GO
6 8 . 5 9 - 7 d . C0
6 1 . 5 0 - 9 5 .5 9

_
-

_
-

3
1
2

32
4
28

7
6
1

15
12
3

9
7
2

3
3
-

2
2

1
1

11
2
9

4

_

_

~

3
3

4

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS 9 4-------NUNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

99
dO
42

38. 0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 9 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

5 2 . 5 9 - 6 4 .0 9
5 1 . 0 0 - 6 5 .0 0
5 0 . 5 0 - 6 5 .5 0

_
~

17
17
10

15
13
8

24
7
4

24
24

lo

2
2
2

7
7
2

7
7
6

2
2

1
1

SW ITCH80ARD UPERATOR-RECEPTION IS T S MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 99
2 34
65

39. 0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

6 8 . 5G
6 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

6 9 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

6 0 .0 0 5 9 .0 9 6 2 .5 9 -

_
-

_
-

26
25
1

47
40
7

59
43
16

2U
18
2

53
35
18

31
18
13

27
20
7

31
31
-

4
4
-

1

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




7 8 . CO
7 9 .0 0
7 7 . CO

~
~

1

_

_
-

_
-

_
_

_

_

_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_

-

-

24
13
11
1

24
14
10
4

2

5

l

2

5

1

_

_

-

-

-

1

5
4
1
1
-

8
8
2

23
22
1
1
-

_

2
2
_

_
-

_

1
1

-

_

_

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — aw tu ck et, R .I .— a s s ., M a y 1965)
P
M
Weekly earnings1
Number

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s of—

$
Mean1*
24

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
95

i

%

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

%

135

and
und er
45

WOMEN -

$
45

140
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

115

120

3

2

14
12

32

1

7
3

4

1

5
5

4
4

1
1

3
3

22

5

3

9

4

125

130

135

140

over

1

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

$
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS C ---------------------------------

$

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

$
$
8 2 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

6 7 .0 0

75
31

6 7 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 -

3

7 3 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

240
147
93

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 0 .5 0

6 0 . 5 0 - 7 9 .5 0
6 8 . 5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
5 5 . 5 0 - 7 0 .5 0

T Y P IS TS , CLASS A ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

290
176
1 14

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
68.00

7 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

6 5 . 5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 8 2 .5 0
5 8 . 0 0 - 8 1 .0 0

TY P IS T S , CLASS 8 -----MANUFACTURING -----NUNMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S
RETAIL TRA0E ----

829
288
541
30
46

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

5 8 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

5 8 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
6 4 .5 3
5 5 .0 0

5 4 .0 0 5 6 .0 0
5 3 .0 0
6 1 .5 0 5 2 .0 0 -

2

6 3 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

6

22

18

-

18

-

4

12
22

15
10
5

41
37
4

32
27
5

28
17

21

48
48
-

34

22

23
4
19

29
23
6

73
69
4

28
22
6

44
30
14

271
64
2 07
4
15

156
87
69
13

89
61
28
8

25

16

2

2

2 39
58
181
20

39
18

1

24
24

2

2

11

12

2
14

1

9
6
3

-

1

L
]

_

_

_

_

-

1

]L

-

-

-

-

11

2
1

9
4
5

15
4

13

25
18
7

2

3

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s.
2 T he m ea n is co m p u te d fo r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T he m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a r n le s s than the lo w e r o f t h e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than
the h ig h e r ra te.
* T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a re a .
See a p p en d ix A.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et, R . I . — a s s ., M a y 1965)
M
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f —
$

$

Number

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

U n der
workers

(standard)

Median 1
2

Me

M iddle range 2
60

60
and
u n d er
65

$

$
65

$
75

70

$
80

$
85

$
90

S

$
95

100

$

105

S

$
110

115

S

$
120

125

$

130

$
135

$
140

S
145

$
150

155

70

80

75

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

145

140

150

and

155

over

MEN

43
33

4 0 .0
40. 0

$
15 2. 00
1 5 7 . 50

$
15 0.00
16 7.50

$
$
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 7 7 .5 0
1 1 9 C A —i » 7 i U J
1 7 0 ha
1

B3 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

224
203

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 2 1 . 50
1 2 2 . 00

12 5.00
12 9.50

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

-

CLASS C3 -------------------------------------------

145

4 0 .0

97. 00

9 6 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

4

draftsm en,

CLASS A3 ------------------------------------------4
MANUFACTURING — —
— — — ---------— —

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
MANUFACTURING
DRAFTSMEN,

r \n* CTC»iCM I K * r K
UKAM j n t l i t d A Uccn cj3 "■
— —————————
u Ai.iir i r Tl i m lTi.ir — — —. — — — —.....—.. —
.
nAlNurAt U K I i O
— — — .— — — — .
—

50

72*50

i cn
7 o .UU
i il n n
i
CA
OfO•DU__ 7ft « uu
(O A A

9 3 . 50
50

9 5 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

a

68.
30

40* 0

2
2
-

-

-

14
11

*

-

-

14
14

-

20

3
3

4
*

4

4

2

1
1

2
2

23
23

14
14

6

40
36

13

l

1

11
11

~

50

13

36

18

4

-

4

15
15

11

17

5

7

1

2

6

2

4 19
19

17
17

2
2

2
2

-

-

*
6
6

12
12

-

-

-

_

.

_

61
61

15

*

W EN
OM

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ------k ANUrAU T UK lI N b --------------------------------i ll
li
MAk 1C hr 111 Ikl/'

1
2
3
4

79
70

S tandard h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o rk w e e k f o r
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2,
D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo llo w s : 2




39 .5
3 9 .5

_

_

1
1

l
1

9

9
8

3

w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
ta b le A - l .
r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . See a p p en d ix A .
at $ 160 to $ 165; 2 at $ 165 to $ 170; 10 at $ 175 to $ 180; 1 at $ 185 to $ 190; and 4 at $ 190 to $ 195.

_

_

_

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t, R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1965)
P
M
Average
O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE I ----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE I ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

Average

125
89
36
26

89
71
39

62
55

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

39. 0
3 9 .5

$
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

7 7 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

304
162
142
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1
2---------------------------

3 66
2 25
141
57

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

566
307
259
87

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57
37

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

2 62
100
162

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

3 45
66
279

3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------

378
241
137
79

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d i v is i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

371
291
80
32

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

140
76
64
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

118
47
71

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 6 .5

7 8 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

280
163
1 17

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

170
96
74

S E C R E T A R IE S------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

34
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

126
64
62

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 0 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

78
55

3 8 .0
3 7 .0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

240
147
93

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

T Y P IST S, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

291
177
114

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5

7 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

1 ,2 6 8
8 48
4 20
32
70

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

830
288
542
31
46

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

5 28
2 54
2 74

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

7 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

297
117
180

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0
1 5 7 . 5C

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A 3-------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

92
35
57

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0
1 2 2 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B 3-------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

99
80
42

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

299
2 34
65

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3
---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

43'
33

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

225
204

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C3----------------------------------

146

9 7 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 8 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

79
70

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a . S ee a p p en d ix A.




Number
of
workers

o
o
*

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n . P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et, R . I . —M a s s ., M ay 1965)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of-

Hourly earnings 1

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

$
r 1 •40

\
Me an2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0 2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 ,0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

over

and
u n d er

J

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

185
148
37

$
2 .5 5
2 .4 8
2 .8 3

$
2 .4 9
2 .4 8
2 .7 7

$
$
2 . 1 0 - 2 .9 0
2 . 0 9 - 2 .8 1
2 . 2 4 - 3 .5 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------------

342
2 80
62
56

2 .8 7
? . 73
3 .4 8
3 .5 5

2 .9 2
2 .7 4
3 .6 3
3 .6 3

2 . 4 3 - 3 .1 7
2 . 3 6 - 2 .9 8
3 . 3 5 - 3 .6 7
3 . 3 8 - 3 .6 7

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

258
1 18

3 .0 3
2 .5 9

3 .3 1
2 .3 2

2 . 2 9 - 3 .6 2
2 . 2 3 - 2 .8 9

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------- - - - -

235
185
50

2 .1 9
2 .0 5
2 .7 1

2 .0 8
2 .0 5
2 .7 9

1 . 9 4 - 2 .4 3
1 . 9 3 - 2 .1 9
2 . 1 5 - 3 .3 2

LI
LI
-

14
ll
3

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------

252
191
61
56

2 .2 8
2 .2 1
2 .5 0
2 .5 8

2 .2 7
2 .1 6
2 .4 9
2 .5 0

1 . 9 6 - 2 .5 4
1 . 9 4 - 2 .3 9
2 . 4 1 - 2 .8 4
2 . 4 3 - 2 .8 5

-

_
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

223
223

2 .6 0
2 .6 0

2 .6 0
2 .6 C

2 . 4 9 - 2 .8 5
2 . 4 9 - 2 .8 5

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE----------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

464

2 .9 1
2 .9 1

2 . 5 3 - 3 .0 7
2 . 5 2 - 3 .0 6

-

460

2 .8 3
2 .8 2

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S 3 ---------------------

224
54
170
137

2 . 75
2 .5 4
2 .8 2
2 .6 9

2 .6 9
2 . 7C
2 .6 9
2 .5 9

2 .5 1 2 .2 7 2 .5 4 2 .5 2 -

3 .1 8
2 .7 8
3 .3 1
3 .1 1

_
-

_
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

416
367

2 . 71
2 .6 3

2 .8 0
2 .7 1

2 . 4 0 - 2 .9 6
2 . 2 8 - 2 .8 8

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

91
91

2 .6 6
2 .6 6

2 .6 1
2 .6 1

2 . 5 4 - 2 .6 8
2 . 5 4 - 2 .6 8

OILERS -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

122
121

2 .0 7
2 .0 6

1 .9 5
1 .9 4

1 . 8 0 - 2 .4 7
1 . 8 0 - 2 .4 7

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
45

2 .5 2
2 .4 8

2 .4 6
2 .4 3

2 . 1 2 - 2 .8 3
2 . 1 3 - 2 .6 8

PIPEFITTER S, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

129
129

2 .7 0
2 . 7u

2 .6 4
2 .6 4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

28
27

2 .8 9
2 .8 9

T.J0L AND 0 1E MAKERS-------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

480
480

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

“

3
2
1

13
13
-

31
25
6

4
3
1

14
10
4

1
1
-

27
27
-

26
26
~

3
3
~

11
1
10

6
6
-

23
20
3

3
3
~

2
2
“

3
2
1

5
5

2
6

-

_
-

_
-

-

8
8

13
13

40
38
2

20
20
-

15
13
2

20
20
-

24
24
-

12
12
-

4
4
-

76
74
2
2

13
11
2
2

17
17
“

31
19
12
12

1
1
-

43
1
42
40

5
5
-

-

14
14

-

3
3

44
41

9
8

5
5

1
1

3
3

4
4

12
12

10
3

-

-

6
~

-

“

~

37
8

33
1

57
15

17
-

_
“

10
10
-

10
4
6

34
31
3

51
51
-

23
23

4
3
1

14
8
6

20
19
1

_
-

5
5

8
8
-

_
-

6
6

_
-

24
24

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

1
1

6
5
1
-

3
2
1

6
2
4
1

19
19
~

47
46
1
1

18
13
5
5

14
14
-

19
18
1

20
20
20

20
20
-

4
4
4

1
1
1

18
18
18

27
23
4
4

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

30
29
1
1

-

_

_

_

_

12
12

4
4

14
14

2
2

3
3

24
24

52
52

25
25

13
13

40
40

32
32

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

~

~

”

4
4

29
29

13
13

33
33

63
53

10
9

33
33

16
16

105
105

31
31

31
31

36
36

2
2

36
34

1

~

21
21

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

5
5
5

9
4
5
5

10
10
10

15
15
-

7
2
5
5

4
4
-

44
44
44

21
2
19
19

28
17
11
11

1
1
-

6
4
2
2

3
1
2
2

19
4
15
10

34
34
22

18
18
2

_
-

.
-

_

-

-

-

~

4
4

22
22

28
28

48
48

2
2

17
17

15
15

45
45

25
23

99
93

12
12

46
46

9
4

23
8

1
-

20
-

_

-

9
9

_
-

-

~

33
33

32
32

l
1

3
3

_

3
3

10
10

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12
11

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

3
-

6
6

-

-

8
8

_

_

6
6

_
-

2
2

26
26

28
28

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

~

20
20

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

1

-

2 . 4 1 - 2 .9 4
2 . 4 1 - 2 .9 4

-

_

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

2 . 7 5 - 3 .0 4
2 . 6 9 - 3 .0 5

~

3 .2 6
3 .2 6

3 . 0 3 - 3 .4 4
3 . 0 3 - 3 .4 4

-

24
24

16
16

8
8

5
5

2
2

10
10

6
6

1
1

8
8

_

-

~

-

-

10
10

4
1

4
2

4
4

3
3

9
9

6
4

2
2

3
-

4
2

2
2

-

-

-

12
12

5
5

4
4

18
18

6
6

23
23

6
6

4
4

24
24

3
3

_

~

10
10

-

“

2
2

4
4

-

“

4
4

2
2

“
-

-

~

~

~

-

_

-

10
10

~

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - I .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




8

-

-

-

-

“

-

13
12

4
4

_

“

1
1

-

“
2
2

4
4

6
6

41
41

16
16

34
34

40
40

39
39

-

"

-

-

2
2

_

144
144

94
94

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1965)
P
M
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f —

Hourly earnings2

-f-

1 .4 0

M iddle range3

and
u n d er

1

M edian3

o

1 .2 0
Mean3

o

S
1 .3 0

oi

S

1 .3 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

ELEVATOR OPERATORS* PASSENGER ---------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

50
50
25

$
1 .3 2
1 .3 2
1 .3 6

$
1 .3 0
1 .3 0
1 .3 6

$
1 .2 5 1 .2 5 1 .3 2 -

$
1 .3 7
1 .3 7
1 .4 0

25
25
4

18
18
16

-

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

47
43
31

1 .4 2
1 .4 1
1 .3 3

1 .4 3
1 .3 9
1 .3 4

1 .3 0 1 .2 9 1 .2 7 -

1 .5 4
1 .5 3
1 .4 3

12
12
12

10

8
8
8

14
10

3
3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

534
3 26
208

1 . 72
1 .7 7
1 .6 5

1 .6 3
1 .6 9
1 .5 0

1 .4 1 1 .4 7 1 .2 7 -

1 .9 3
2 .1 2

89
15
74

35
24

79
59

1 .7 3

11

20

43
28
15

72
41
31

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

49

2 .0 0

2 .1 4

1 .5 5 -

2 .2 0

-

10

2

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

2 77

1 .7 3

1 .6 7

1 .4 7 -

1 .8 9

15

14

57

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------

1 ,0 4 6
710
336
66
111

1 .7 2
1 .7 5
1 .6 5
2 .2 5
1 .4 3

1 .5 9
1 .6 9
1 .5 1
2 .4 3
1 .3 7

1 .4 4 1 .4 6 1 .3 4 1 .9 6 1 .2 9 -

1 .9 6
1 .9 7
1 .8 4
2 .5 5
1 .4 9

70
14
56
32

108
45
63
1
35

226
183
43
-

126
72
54

20

8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 27
55
172

1 .4 9
1 .7 5
1 .4 1

1 .3 7
1 .7 7
1 .3 6

1 .3 3 1 .4 9 1 .3 3 -

1 .5 6
1 .9 9
l.i9

21
11
10

130

1
1
~

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

1 ,3 3 2
850
482
165
2 28

2 .0 0

1 .8 7
1 .8 2
2 .1 6
3 . 13
1 .6 7

1 .6 1 - 2 . 2 1
1 .6 0 - 2 .1 0
1 . 6 5 - 3 .0 8
2 . 8 8 - 3 .1 6
1 . 5 2 - 2 .1 4

13

1 .8 4
2 .2 9
3 .0 2
1 .8 8

98
86

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

4 25
251
174

2 .1 4
2 .1 3
2 .1 6

2 .1 8
2 .1 8
2 .1 9

1 . 7 2 - 2 .3 9
1 . 8 9 - 2 .3 9
1 . 6 5 - 2 .4 0

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

533
475
58
35

1 .9 2
1 .9 4
1 .7 9
1 .6 9

1 .8 8
1 .9 2
1 .8 0
1 .6 5

1 . 6 6 - 2 .1 8
1 . 6 6 - 2 . 18
1 . 5 9 - 1 .8 8
1 . 3 5 - 1 .7 8

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) -----------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

180
1 09
71
71

1 .5 5
1 .6 0
1 .4 8
1 .4 8

1 .4 5
1 .6 1
1 .3 6
1 .3 6

1 .3 3 1 .3 7 1 .2 8 1 .2 8 -

1 .7 5
1 .8 2
1 .4 9
1 .4 9

24

RECEIVING C L E R K S ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------------

193
124
69
36

2 .0 5
2 .0 5
2 .0 6
2 .0 4

2 .0 1
1 .9 5
2 .0 6
1 .8 7

1 . 7 7 - 2 .2 7
1 . 7 7 - 2 .3 6
1 . 7 8 - 2 .1 8
1 . 7 5 - 2 .2 4

SHIPPING C L E R K S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------N ^MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

186
145
41

2 .1 2

2 .1 2
2 .0 8
2 .2 6

1 . 8 5 - 2 .3 8
1 . 8 6 - 2 .3 3
1 . 7 8 - 2 .9 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .




2 .0 7
2 .3 3

10
10

2

128

“

1

40
18
22

43
43
~

1
1

-

-

7
7
~

47
47
~

8
8
~

10
9
1

12
12

4

20

2

1

-

27
4
23

12
10
2

2

6

1

3

27

6

8

12

2

4

-

-

-

89
71
18
2
4

89
81
8
3
~

52
46
6

27
20
7
7
“

37
28
9
6
2

5

51
45
6
5
~

27

5

7
7

_

12
12

2
2

8
8

-

8
8

5
-

161
108
53

91
70
21

150
133
17

42
40
2

96
68
28

142
98
44

59
50
9

-

1

77
45
32

-

~

_

-

5
1
2

-

-

10
10

27
25
1

5
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

50
50

12

20
4
16
12

11
7
4

1
1

48

-

-

48
10
38

5
5

-

28
6
22
22

“

4

“

1

3

-

_
-

-

1

“

3

38

-

57
57

1
1

4
4

_
-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

3

12

35

45

21

15

2

4

7

9

-

-

12
11
1

2
2

5
5

27
13
14

48
20
28

27
13
14

8
8

4
4

4
4

_
-

52
52

-

98
56
42

_
-

~

86
69
17

“

66
60
6
6

37
29
8
8

83
65
18
2

12
12
-

121
114
7

3
3

29
29

5
5

-

-

-

16
16

10
10

14
14

8
8

61
55
6
6

3
2
1
1

27
25

12

18

-

12

24
24

61
42
19
19

12
12

2

-

2

-

-

2
2

-

6
6

-

2

-

2
_

_

-

-

2
2

7

43

123
74
49

6

-

1

18

12

“

7

-

58
44
14
5
2

3

10

1

-

~

2
2

“

14
14
-

_

_

-

-

38
-

-

:

:

-

:

:

18
16
2
2

37
23
14
7

27
19
8
8

10
10

30
13
17
3

10
8
2
2

6
5
1
1

10
6
4

14
14

1
1

2
2

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

13
2
11
3

~

~

“

“

11
8

16
9
7

35
35

15
15

10
8

19
19

10
10

21
21

4

-

-

2

-

24
13
11

-

-

3

-

-

n o

n o
n o

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

2
2

14
4
10
10

1
1

-

4
-

8

1
1

2

-

-

6

-

-

-

6
-

~
-

6
6

8

2

-

-

8

2

_

-

_
-

“

-

-

-

-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P r o v id e n c e — a w tu ck e t, R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1965)
P
M
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of-

Hourly earnings 1
2

S H I P P I N G AND R E C EI V IN G CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------R E TA I L T R A D E ---------------------------------------

181
126
55
44

T RUCK OR IV ER S 5 ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------P U 3 L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------------

1,650
317
1,3 3 3
782

%

$

2.1 1
2 . 12
2.09
1.8 7
2 .8 9
2.1 9
3 .0 5
3.14

T RUC KDR IV ER S, LI GHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONSI ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

87
70

1 .76
1 .7 6

T RUC KDR IV ER S, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND I NCLUDI NG 4 TONS) ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NJNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUB LI C U T I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------------

378
104
2 74
57

2.5 6
2.1 9
2 .7 0
3 .1 2

TR UC K DR I VE R S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
T RA I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------P UB L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------------------

8 54
101
753
452

T R UC KOR IV ER S, HEAVY (OVER 4 TUNS
UTHER THAN TR AI LE R T Y P E ) --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

M edian3

$

2 .0 9
2 .1 3
1.8 8
1 .8 3
3 .1 3
2 . 14
3.1 5
3.1 5

1 .5 9
1 .5 9

Middle range3

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

S

$

S

S

%

$

%

$

$

$

1 40

1.50

1 .. 6 0

1 .. 70

1•8U 1.90

2.00

2 ., 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

$
1
2 . 80 2 . 9 0
!

*

1 30

3.00

3 .10

3.2 0

3.30

3 .4 0

1 .40

1 50

1 .6 0

1 ,. 7 0

1 ,. 80

1. 9 0

2.10

2 .. 2 0 2 . 3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2: . 60 2 . 7 0

2 .8 0

2 . 90 3 . 0 0
!

3 .1 0

3 .20

3 .3 0

3.4 0

3 .5 0

-

2

5

18
15
3
3

27
25
2
2

8
6
2
2

14
14

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

-

~

20
15
5
5

20
20

5
5

25
15
10
10

10

-

2
2

23
10
13
13

-

-

-

~

~

“

“

~

25
25

24
24

5
5

33
33

11
2
9

85
22
63

42
39
3
3

770

232

-

38

-

-

-

-

62

770
770

-

38

~

20
8

232

~

113
34
79
1

20

-

34
30
4

62

-

61
26
35

38
38

-

24
18
6

5
5

8

16
1?
4

-

-

4
4

_

_

?

_

_

_

_

_

"

'

'

"

5
2
3
3

2
2

42

-

-

42

101
31
70

~

“

“

~

_

30
30

20
20

7
3
4

-

-

8

452
452

_

5

12

1

-

~

_

49
35

20
~

4
~

86957573-

2 .2 8
2.28
2.39
L.98

-

-

-

-

2.
1.
3.
3.

798311 12-

3 .1 8
2 .5 8
3 .1 9
3.17

8

2.21
2.0 1

2 .8 2
2.10
2.8 7
3 .1 5

2.
1.
2.
3.

09814412 -

2 .9 6
2.92
2.98
3 .1 8

3 .1 0
2 .4 8
3 .1 8
3.15

3 .1 6
2.5 4
3 .1 7
3.15

3.
2.
3.
3.

124113 13 -

3 .2 2
2.7 3
3 .2 3
3 .1 8

58
32

2.58
2 . 16

2 .7 4
2.1 1

2 . 081 . 98-

3.06
2 .1 9

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

390
338

2.37
2.3 0

2 .3 2
2.1 8

2 . 011. 98-

2 .7 3
2.5 2

TRUCKERS , POWER ( OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

88
78

2 .1 7
2.1 2

2.23
2 .21

2 . 11 2 . 06-

2 .2 9
2 .2 7

8
~

4
4

%

10
10

24
24

-

5
5

_

14
10
4

~

-

2! . 0 0

3
3

7
7

22
22

7
1
6

4
4

-

-

10
1

-

5
5

5
5

3
-

3
2

-

-

~

-

"
_

_

2
"

_
-

_

15
15

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

39
4
35

19
15
4

-

-

-

-

58
2
56

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
“

_

_

_

_

6
6

_

_

1
1

and la te s h ifts.

12
12

1
1

-

21
14
7

30
30

-

1
1

1
1

_
~

4
4

8
8

36
36

-

_

_

10
10

6
6

10
10

-

-

6
6

15
15

73
73

14
14

75
75

-

60
60

22
8

6
6

16
16

1
1

3
3

14
14

37
37

-

6
6

10

~
2
2

-

5
5
-

-

_

-

-

-

~

_
-

8

54

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

~

“

224

_

-

224

"

_
-

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e r e o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru c k o p e r a te d .




$

and
u n d er

1.
1.
1.
1.

1. 491 . 52 -

1
2
3
4
5

$

1 .2 0
M ean3

$

1.30

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

'

8

_

_

54
54

452
-

_

_

-

-

-

38
38

~

_

“

_

13

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Providence—Pawtucket, R. I .— a s s ., May 1965)
M
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

_

_ —

------- -

_

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in im u m

$ 40. 00
$ 42. 50
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over-

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$

42.
45.
47.
50.
52.
55.
57.
60.
62.
65.
67.
70.

50—
— —
00—
— _ —
50-------------------------------------------------------00 -------— —
—— --------------------------50- 00 ------------------------------------------------------50- —
00
50—
— —
00—
_ __
50—
_
00 -------------------------------------------------------—

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

M a n u fa c t u r in g

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 3 o f—

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d - .

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37V2

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f-

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

37 V2

40

140

75

XXX

65

XXX

XXX

140

75

XXX

65

XXX

XXX

73

35

28

38

10

13

78

37

30

41

11

15

1

_
-

_
-

1

_
-

_
-

2
1
1

_
-

1

7
6
13

_
-

1

-

_
-

_
-

-

9

6
27
5
10
3
5
2
2
1
2

-

-

-

14
5
5
2
3
2

12
4
3
2
3
2

-

-

2

1
1

1

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

10
6
32
4
9
3
6
1
2
2
2

2

1
9

-

-

-

5
1
2

2
1
1

2

-

-

2

2
-

-

17
3
5
2
4
1

15
3
3
2
3
1

-

8
6
15
1
4
1
2

2
1
1

-

-

-

3
1
1
-

1
11
1
1
-

-

-

2

2

2
1

2
1

-

-

-

1

1

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------------

24

20

XXX

4

XXX

XXX

26

19

XXX

7

XXX

XXX

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

43

20

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

36

19

XXX

17

XXX

XXX

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regular straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essen ger or office girl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the m ost common standard workweeks reported.







Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
Providence—Pawtucket, R .I.— a s s ., May 1965)
M
Percent of manufacturing plant w orkers—

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

Third or other
shift

Total--------------------------------------------------------------------------

76.4

63.1

15.0

6.3

With shift pay d ifferen tia l------------------------------------

54.9

59.0

10.9

5.8

Uniform cents (per h o u r)--------------------------------

38.1

42.9

8.2

5.0

4 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------5 c e n ts ______________________________________
6 c e n t s ______________________________________
7 c e n ts ____________ ________________________
7 V c e n t s ____________________________________
2
8 c e n ts ----- ------------------------------------- ---------10 cents______________________________________
12 cents___________________ ________________
15 cen ts______________________________________
18 cents__________________ ________ ______
23 cents______________________________________

4.3
6.2
3.1
5.3
3.1
3.9
7.6
3.3
1.5
-

Uniform p ercentage___________________________

12.3

11.0

2.3

.8

S pprrpnt
7 p e rcen t____________________________________
10 percent___________________________________

.9
1.1
10.2

.9
1.1
9.0

.2

.1

F orm al paid lunch period_____________________

1.4

-

.3

-

Other form al pay differential-------------------------

3.1

5.2

.1

(1
2)

With no shift pay d ifferen tial____________________

21.5

4.0

4.1

.5

-

1 Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts,
even though they w ere not currently operating late shifts.
2 L ess than 0.05 percent.

_

1.2
2.5
12.9
-

3.9
8.9
2.6
7.6
1.9
1.5

1.4
1.4
1.0
1.3
.8
.6
.9
.4
.4
-

-

-

2.1

_
.1
.4
2.1
_

.5
1.3
.4
.2
.1
.1

-

.7

and establishm ents with form al provisions covering late shifts

15

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R .I .— a s s . , M a y 1 96 5)
M
P LA N T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Weekly hours
All
,
industrial

100

Under 35 hours
_
35 and under 36V* h o u rs .
36V4 hours
_^_. ____ ____ ________ ___ ____ __ _
Over 36V4 and under 37V2 hours37V2 hours
.
_
.
.
Over 37V2 and under 383 hours —
/4
... - - - - - — --------------------- --------------------- _ _
383 hours
/4
40 hours _
_ _
Over 40 and under 44 hours------------------------------44 hours
45 h o u rs------- ------, __________ , _____________
_
Over 45 hours
. . .

1
2
3
4

2
9
5
3
14
(4)
9
56
(4)

Manufacturing

100

2
(4)

Public ,
utilities 1
2

AB
industries3

Manufacturing

100

100

100

_

1
4
10
25

4

Public ,
utilities

100

3

2
_

64

100

100

_

11

-

_

_

1
2

_

_

_

8
6

2

_

-

-

_

_

_

16
42
2

_

_

_

_

(4)
76
1
2
9
7

5
56
3
5

-

1
74
2
2
7
6

_

-

2
28
4

_

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Less than 0.5 percent.




Retail trade

-

11
1
11
75

Retail trade

87
6
_

6

_

6

16

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I. —M a s s . , M a y 196 5)

PLANT W
ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

All
,
in u
d stries 1

M
anufacturing

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

A
H 3
in u
d stries i 2
3

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic ,
utilities'1

R
etail trad
e

A ll w orkers------------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays------------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays--------------------------------------------------

99

100

100

99

99

100

97

93

1

1

"

3

7

1
1
2
15
4
21
18
1
25
4
4
(4)

_

2
2
17
5
26
21
2
18
6
1
-

_
-

27
62
-

11
2
2
9
69
-

“

"

<:>
(4 )

-

(4)

-

Number of days

L ess than 5 holidays-------------------------------------------5 holidays----- - -----—
— 5 holidays plus 1 half day—
- —
6 holidays ------ 6 holidays plus 1 half day—
7 holidays — — 7 holidays plus 1 half day—
8 holidays--------— — 8 holidays plus 1 half day------------------------------------9 holidays - —
9 holidays plus 1 half day—
10 holidays-------------------------------------------------------------10 holidays plus 1 half day---------------------------------11 holidays--------------------------------------------------------------

_

n

(4)

1
6
(4 )

8
(4)
8
1
31
7
27

7
4

_

1
1
11
1
14
9
2
43
14
3
2

6
10
39
45

4
3
2
1
22
67
-

“

“

_

_

45
84
84
94
94
100
100
100

-

“

-

9
-

Total holiday time 5

11 days--------------------------- -----—-------------------------------I 0V2 days or m ore
— - - — ------ 10 days or m ore—
— - ------9V2 days or m o r e -------------------------------------------------9 days or m ore —
— ----8V2 days or m o r e -----------— — —
8 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------7V2 days or m o r e ----- —
— — 7 days or m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6V2 days or m o r e --------------— - - 6 days or m ore —
—
----5V2 days or m ore —
- 5 days or m o r e ----- ---------— —
3 days or m o r e _—___ ____________________ ___ —

4
11
38
45
76
77
84
84
92
92
98
99
99
99
99

2
2
4
18
61
63
72
72
86
87
98
99

100
100
100

100
100
100
100
100
100

67
67
88
89
91
91
94
94
94
94
99

4
9
34
35
54
54
75
79
94
96
97
97
99

.

1
6
24
26
47
47
73
78
96
98

100
100
100

-

62
62
88
88
97
97
97
97
97
97
97
97
97

-

69
69
77
77
79
79
82
82
82
84
93

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and serv ice s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with
7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.

1
2
3
4
5




17

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R .I . — a s s ., M a y 1 965)
M

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE W
ORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll w orkers_______________________________________

M
anufacturing

P
ublic ,
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

A
H A
in u
d stries4

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic ,
utilities3

R
etail trad
e

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
97
3
-

100
94
6
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
65
33
(5)
-

99
58
41
-

100
100
-

100
98
2
-

~

1

1

"

~

56
11
-

_
40
-

-

18
14
23

All 2
in u
d stries

Method of payment
Workers in establishments providing
paid vacations___________________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent-------------------------------Percentage p aym ent--------------------------------------F lat-su m paym ent--------------------------- -----------O th er------- ------------------- -------------------------Workers in establishments providing
no paid vacations----------------------------------- ----------

(5)

Amount of vacation pay 6
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week---------------- ---------------------- — ------1 week_____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s----------------------------------2 w eek s__________ ________ _____________________

13
52
3
11

20
48
2
2

19
20
36

4
66
_
-

46
15
(5)
1

_
29
(5)
71
-

_
41
1
58
-

_
23
77
-

_
39
61
-

(5)
80
7
11
1

_
86
9
3
1

_
45
55
-

2
63
35
-

_
16
2
81

_
27
3
70

_
10
6
84

_
10

(5)
58
17
22
1
(5)

_
68
22
8
1
-

_
33

2
17

(5)
20
31
43
5
1

_
22
39
33
6
-

(5)
19
31
44
5

_
22
39
33
6

-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week____________________
___ ___
1 week__ __ — __
---------------- --------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s----------------------------------2 weeks — ------------- ------------------- __
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s--- ----------------- -------After 2 years of service
Under 1 week- -------------------------- ------ --------- 1 w^ek
. - ___
- Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--------- _ ------------2 weeks __ _______ __________ — _ ____________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s----------------------------------3 weeks — — - ----- - ---------------------------------------

-

79

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

11

_
10
4
83
2
1

_
17
7
72
4
-

_
6

_
3

_
8
4
85
2
1

_
15
7
74
4

-

-

67

78

-

-

-

2

_
12

2
12

After 3 years of service
Under 1 week___
_____ __________ —
— —
1 week- — ------------------------------------------ -----Over 1 and under 2 weeks — ---------- --------------2 w eek s. ______________ — -------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eek s----------------------------------3 w eek s----- ----- ------------- — ------- ---------- ------

-

94

82

-

-

-

15

_
100
-

_
3
82

-

-

88
-

81
5

_

2
12
81
5

After 4 years of service
Under 1 week__ __
_____ _ ------_ _
1 week___ _ ----- — — r
__
----- —
Over 1 and under 2 weeks _
__
----- __
2 w eek s___ __
_____ ___ _____ ____ _
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s----------------------------------3 w eek s______
______
__
_____
„ _

S e e f o o t n o t e s a t e n d o f t a b le .




-

15

-

100
-

18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 196 5)
M
P LAN T WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Vacation policy

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

All
industries4

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

Amount of vacation pay 6— Continued

After 5 years of service
Under 1 week
1 week
- Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------3 w eek s ____________________________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s -------------------------------------------------

_

_

_

_

4

7

-

3

-

-

-

-

88

84

97

67

-

-

-

-

8

9

3

(5 )

-

26
4

(5)

_

_

5
1
81
5
7

5
1
83
6
4

(5 )

"

-

3
1
60
12
23
1

_

-

2
12
_

99

63

-

_

1

21
3

After 10 years of service
Under 1 week
1 week -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------2 weeks --------------------- Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
-----------3 weeks
_
4 weeks _
-

_

_

_

_

1

2
-

-

3

_

52
3
43
2

64
5
29
(5)

16
-

84
-

-

49
-

34
14

_

( 5)

3
1
54
9
28
3

30

2
9
_

28

_

_

67
3

45
16

_

2
9

After 12 years of service
_

_

_

_

1

2

-

3

_

-

-

-

46
6
45
3

54
11
32
2

10

_

Under 1 week ----------------------------------------- ------------— — — -----------1 week—--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s ------------------------------------------------2 weeks
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _
3 w eek s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4 weeks
-----

_

_

_

1

2

-

3

-

_

_

_

29
1
64

36
2
55

4

47

-

_

96

34

-

-

_

_

5

6

-

16

_

_

_

1

2

-

3

-

-

-

_

28
1
48

34
2
46

4
45

25

-

_

_

_

20
2

14
2

52

25

-

90
-

47
-

36
14

(5 )

3
1
45
12
35
3

_

3
1
50
15
30
1

_
_

_

16

25

_

_

82
3

48
16

After 15 years of service
Under 1 week----1 week ----- _
Over 1 and under
2 weeks
_
Over 2 and under
3 weeks —
Over 3 and under
4 weeks

— - —
2 weeks
_
3 w eek s----------------------------------_
_ _
4 w eek s----------------------------------- _ -

(5)

3
1
34
4
46
1
9

_
3
1
37
5
48
2
4

_
»
_

6

2
9
25

_

_

91

19

3

45

After 20 years of service
Under 1 week _ _
_ _
_ _
1 week— _ —
_ ------Over 1 and under 2 weeks
_
_ - ___ 2 weeks _
___
_
______ ___
______
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s ------------------------------------------------3 weeks — ______ ___
____ _ _ _
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s_______________________
4 w eek s----—
----- —
_
----Over 4 weeks —

_

47
-

'

S e e fo o t n o t e s




at e n d o f t a b le .

(5)

3
1
33
4
35
2
19
1

_

3
1
36
5
40
3
11
1

2
9
_

6

25

_

_

27

14

_

67

50

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t , R . I . —M a s s ., M a y 1965)

PLANT W
ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A
U ,
in u
d stries 1
2
4
3

M
anufacturing

P
ublic 3
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

A
il 4
in u
d stries

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic ,
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

Amount of vacation pay6— Continued
After 25 years of service
Under 1 week--------------------------------- ------------------1 week____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 w eek s_____________ ____________ ____________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s______________________
3 w eek s____________________________________ ____
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s---------------------------------------------- ---------------Over 4 w eeks—-----------------------------------------------------

26
1
42
29
2

_
2
_
30
2
47
18
2

_
_
4
8
88
-

.
1
26
1
42
29
2

_

_

_

2
30
2
47
18
2

4
8
88

3
47
14
36

_

1
-

_
3
_
47
14
36
-

_

_
_
6
_
1
93
-

(5)
3
1
31
4
28
1
28
1

3
1
33
5
34
2
21
1

(5)
3
1
31
4
28
1
27
2

_

_

3
1
33
5
34
2
20
2

6

2
9
_
25
_
9
_
56
-

After 30 years of service
Under 1 week____________________________________
1 week____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s______________________
2 weeks — _____ ________________ _____ ______
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------- -------3 w eek s---------------------------------------------- ---------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s______________________
4 w eek s_____________________________________ ___
Over 4 weeks___________________________ _______

2
9
25

-

-

1
93

9
56

1
Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or " s a b b a t i c a l " benefits beyond basic plans to workers with
qualifying lengths of service.
Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
*
Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
i
5 Less than 0.5 percent.
6 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a
payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions
for progressions.
For example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estim ates are
cumulative.
Thus, the proportions receiving 3 weeks' pay or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after fewer years of service.




20

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(Percent of office and plant workers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I . — ass. , May 1965)
M
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

Type of benefit

A ll w orkers_______________________________________

All
,
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 2
3
1

Retail trade

100

100

100

All
industries4

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 3

Retail trade

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
Life insurance________ ______________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance_____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5 _________________________

87

82

97

91

87

86

99

95

60

58

69

54

64

64

77

58

61

51

81

75

49

42

82

81

Sickness and accident insurance_________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)___________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period)___________________________

24

32

27

11

40

39

56

38

48

34

77

57

11

5

21

43

Hospitalization insurance____________________
Surgical insurance____________________________
M edical insurance____________________________
Catastrophe insurance __________________________
Retirement pension___________________________
No health, insurance, or pension plan---------

96
96
91
52
68
1

1

96
97
90
35
63
(6)

~

11

2

1

23

5

98
98
95
54
86
2

78
78
62
11
33
5

92
95
83
20
50
1

94
98
86
20
49

100
100
100
37
87

79
79
66
5
44
5

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as workmen’ s compensation, social security,
and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely
establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.




21

Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1 965)
P
M

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Sick leave provision

R
etail trad
e

A
ll 3
in u
d stries 3

M u
an factu g
rin

P
ublic 2
u
tilities

R
etail trad
e

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

34.2

76.9

68.2

13.0

5.4

43.7

48.6

51.1

65.8

23.1

31.8

87.0

94.6

56.3

51.4

3 days ----- _____
_ ---------- —
5 d a ys_____________ ____ _______ _______ _
6 days ________________ ________ ___ ______
7 days — --------_ _
----------- —
8 d a y s____________________________________
10 days------- --------------------- ---------- 20 days __ __ — _ __ _ ______ __
30 days—_________________________________
aiting period, full pay------ ------ -------------

29.0
29.0
.5
14.0
1.7
2.6
1.1
4.3
1.4
3.3
-

25.3
25.3
16.0
1.2
5.5
2.7
-

13.5
13.5
4.2
8.1
-

45.3
45.3
6. 4
18.3
7.9
12.7
-

5.6
5.6
1.4
2.6
.4
1.3
.1
.6

1.7
1.7
1.7
.7

_
_
- _
_
-

32. 7
32.7
11.1
8.2
3.0
10.5
_
_
-

Graduated plan4 — After 1 year of service:
No waiting period--------- ---------------------- -----Full pay ®____ _______________________________
1 day — ----------------- — 5 days — __ ----- ------- _ ----------- _
10 days-___ ___ ______________________ _____
Full pay plus partial pay _ — ------------- Partial pay on ly------------------— -------------------Waiting period--------------------------------------------------Full pay-_______________________ _________ ____
Partial pay only _
------ __ -------------

18.8
15.0
1.4
5.4
6.9
1.0
2.8
.9
.9
-

8.4
6.8
1.6
.8
1.9
1.6
-

63.4
27.1
6.2
20.9
36.3
-

11.9
11.9
7.2
4.7

1.1
1.1
1.1

11.0
11.0
-

3.5
3.1
1.6
.6
.9
.3
.2
1.8
.7
1.2

20.8
17.7
17.7
3.2
22.9
22.9

10.4
10.4
5.5
4.9
_
_
5.5
5.5
-

Graduated plan 4— After 10 years of service:
No waiting period------ __
__ _ —
Full pay * ------ ----------- —
-----________ __ ____
3 d a y s_______
7 days — — — — __
_ — ------10 days__________________________________ 15 days -------------- __ __ _ __ _____ _
50 days-__________________________________
55 days________________ _______________ ___
Full pay plus partial pay 5----- — ------50 days__
________ __
_ __ __
65 days____ __ __ _____ — __ _____

20.0
15.2
.2
1.9
2.3
1.0
2.5
5.8
4.7
.9
2.8

8.9
7.3
.5

63.4
27.1

22.8
11.9

6.8
4.5
1.5

3.0
3.0
1.8
_
1.1
_
_
_
-

43.7
17.7
_
_
_
_

15.9
10.4
_
_
10.4

- —

—

—

100.0

100.0

48.9

All w orkers—

M
anufacturing

P
ublic ,
u
tilities1
2

All
,
in u
d stries
---------- ----- —

Workers in establishments providing
Workers in establishments providing

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan: 4

W

-

-

-

1.6
1.9
.8
1.6
-

6.2

-

-

19.3
36.3
36.3

-

-

-

-

2.2
.9
2.3
.7
1.3

~

-

11.9
-

11.0
11.0

-

-

-

_

17.7
26.0
_
26.0

_
_
_

5.5
5.5
-

Provisions for accumulation
W orkers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
unused sick le a v e ___ — _
__

1
2
3
4

___ _

1.9

~

"

-

Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
"U n iform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each
year.
"Graduated plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen.
Estim ates reflect provisions applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after
10 years of service may also receive this amount after greater or le sse r lengths of service.
5 May include provisions other than those presented separately.
Numbers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which workers receive sick leave
at full pay; workers are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.




22

Table B-8.

Profit-Sharing Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p l a n , P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R . I . — a s s . , M a y 1965)
P
M
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Type of plan
All
industries L

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

All w orkers______________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W orkers in establishments providing
profit-sharing plans___________________________

19

22

3

11

11

14

3

1

11

1

1

89

86

Retail trade

1

9

Public 3
utilities

Plans providing for current
distribution. _ _

1

1

Plans providing for deferred
distribution_________________________________

17

19

Plans providing for both current
and deferred distribution_________________

1

2

81

78

11

100

100

5

Plans providing for em ployee's choice
of method of distribution
W orkers in establishments providing
no profit-sharing plans________________________

97

89

100

95

1 The study was limited to form al plans (1) having established formulas for the allocation of profit shares among employees; (2j whose formulas were communicated to
the employees in advance of the determination of profits; (3) that represent a commitment by the company to make periodic contributions based on profits; and (4) in which
eligibility extends to a m ajority of the office or plant w orkers.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and service s, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.




Appendix A .

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau*s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types o f calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

23




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area* This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content* Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes* In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary wodcers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations* For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller* machine (billing machine)* Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine*

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller* machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting cleiks.
Class B, Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A , In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings, Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ,, alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file o f orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker*s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that o f statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

o f coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and inteiprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Woiking from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical woric.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough woiking knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

28
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams. The woric typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training o f new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

29

PROFESSIONAL

A ND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such woik as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

A ND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




30

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the followings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
o f work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

31

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustm ents for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; inteipreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge o f surface peculi­
arities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

32
TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F ab ricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good rep air the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lo ckers, tanks, ven tilato rs, chutes, ducts, m e ta l roofing) of an establish­
m ent. Work involves most of the follow ing: Planning and la y in g out a ll
types of sh ee t-m e ta l m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
sp ecificatio ns; setting up and operating a ll a v a ila b le types of sh ee t-m e ta lworking m achines; using a v a rie ty of handtools in cuttin g, bending, form­
in g, shaping, fittin g , and assem bling; and in stallin g sh eet-m etal articles
as required. In g e n e ra l, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded train in g and experience u su ally acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t train in g and ex p erien ce,
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the follow ing: Planning and lay in g out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and w ritten specifications; using a
v a rie ty of tool and die m aker’ s handtools and precision m easuring instru­
m ents, understanding of the working properties of common m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipm ent;
m aking necessary shop com putations relatin g to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of m achines; h eattreatin g of m etal parts during fab ri­
catio n as w e ll as of finished tools and dies to achieve required q u alities;
working to close to leran ces; fittin g and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow ances; and selectin g appropriate m ate rials, tools, and
processes. In g en eral, the tool and die m aker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usu ally acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or eq u iv alen t training and ex p erien ce.

(D ie m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
For cross-industry w age study purposes, tool and die m akers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classificatio n .

Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-fo rm in g work. Work in CUSTODIAL

AND

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers betw een floors of an office b uildin g, ap art­
m ent house, departm ent store, h o tel, or sim ilar establishm ent. Workers
who operate elevato rs in conjunction w ith other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are exclud ed .

or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing:
Sw eeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; rem oving chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance
services; and clean in g lav ato ries, showers, and restrooms. Woihers who
sp ecialize in window washing are exclud ed .

GUARD
Performs routine p o lice duties, eith er a t fix ed post or on tour,
m ain ta in in g order, using arms or force where n ecessary. Includes g a te m en who are stationed a t gate and check on id en tity of em ployees and
other persons en terin g.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sw eeper; charwom an; jan itress)
C lean s and keeps in an orderly condition factory woridng areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or co m m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock h elper; warehousem an or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, m anufacturing p lan t, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the follow ing:
Loading and unloading various m aterials and m erchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or p lacin g
m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage lo catio n ; and transporting m a­
terials or m erchandise by handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who lo ad and unload ships are excluded.

33
ORDER FILLER
(Order p ick er; stock selector; warehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance w ith specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in ­
d icatin g item s fille d or o m itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition ad d itio n al stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other re la te d duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipm ent or storage by p lacin g them
in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations perform ed being dependent
upon the typ e, size, and number of units to be p acked, the type of con­
tain er em p lo yed , and method of shipm ent. Work requires the p lacin g of
item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to v erify content; selectio n
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using e x ce lsio r or other m a te ria l to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and se alin g container; and applying lab e ls or entering iden tifyin g data on
con tain er. Packers who also m ake wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck w ithin a c ity or industrial area to transport m a ­
te ria ls, m erchandise, equipm ent, or m en between various types of es­
tablishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and re ta il establishm ents, or between re ta il establishm ents and
customers' houses or p laces of business. M ay also load or unload truck
w ith or without helpers, m ake m inor m ech an ical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. D river-salesm en and o ver-th e-ro ad drivers are
excluded.

For w age study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipm ent, as follows: (T racto r-trailer should be rated on the
basis of tra ile r c a p a c it y .)

T ruckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, lig h t (under 1V2 tons)
T ruckdriver, m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
Truckdriver, h eavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares m erchandise for shipm ent, or receiv es and is responsible
for incom ing shipments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A know ledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes, a v a ilab le
m eans of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, m akin g up b ills of la d in g , posting w eigh t and shipping charges,
and keep in g a file of shipping records. M ay d irect or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipm ent. R eceivin g work involves: V erifyin g or
directin g others in verifyin g the correctness of shipments again st b ills of
lad in g , in vo ices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejectin g
dam aged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to proper departm ents;
and m ain ta in in g necessary records and file s.

Operates a m an u ally controlled gaso lin e- or electric-p o w ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, m anufacturing p lan t, or other establishm ent.

For w age study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
T rucker, power (forklift)
T rucker, power (other than forklift)

For w age study purposes, woikers are c lassified as follows:
WATCHMAN
R eceiv in g clerk
Shipping c le ik
Shipping and receiv in g clerk




M akes rounds of prem ises p erio d ically in protecting property
again st fire, theft, and ille g a l entry.







Available On Request-----

The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemises,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C ., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 19641______________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y ., Apr. 1965_________
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 1965____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1965—
N.
Atlanta, G a., May 1964 1______________________________
Baltimore, M d., Nov, 19641 -------------------------------------Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1965-------------------Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 19651_______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ________________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 19641 __________________________

1385-80,
1430-52,
1430-62,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1430-66,
1430-60,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Miami, Fla., Dec. 1964---------------------------------------------Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1965 1________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1 ____________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1------Newark and Jersey City, N. J ., Feb. 1965____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965------------------------------------New Orleans, La., Feb. 19651 _______________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1 ________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964___________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 ___________________

1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

25
25
30
25
25
25
30
40

1385-77,
1430-5,

20 cents
25 cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641----------------------------------------Burlington, V t., Mar. 1965 1 -------------------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965______________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1965---------------------------------Charlotte, N. C., Apr. 1965__________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. — a., Sept. 1964 1 -----------------------G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y., Mar. 1965-------------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641_________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641---------------------------------------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1430-65,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents.
30 cents
30 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964---------------------------------Paterson-Clifton—
Passaic, N. J ., May 1964 1 ------------Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1964 1_________________
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1965___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651--------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964__________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash., May 1964 1--------------------------Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— ass., May 1965 1
M
--------Raleigh, N. C ., Sept. 1964-----------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964-----------------------------------------

25
25
35
20
30
25
25
30
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641 -----------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll., Oct. 1964 1-------------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965______ ________________________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964-----------------------------------------Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965-------------------------------------Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19651 ---------------------------------------Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 19641-----------------------------------Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1------------------------------------Greenville, S. C ., May 1964 1-------------------------------------Houston, Tex., June 1964 1-----------------------------------------

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Rockford, 111. , May 1965___________________
St. Louis, Mo.-111., Oct. 19641___________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641 -------------San Antonio, Tex., June 1964______________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1964_________________________________
San Diego, Calif., Sept. 1964 1____________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1965 1
Savannah, Ga., May 1965__________________
Scranton, P a., Aug. 1964__________________
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964-------------------------

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1430-67*
1430-6,
1430-19,
1430-63,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

20
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

20
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964-------------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1965----------------------------------------Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 19651 ---------------------------------Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans., Nov. 1964-------------------------Lawrence—
Haverhill, M ass.— H ., June 19641---------N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1964 1 ----------Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 1965 1 ----------Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1------------------------------Lubbock, Tex., June 19641 ---------------------------------------Manchester, N. H ., Aug. 1964 1
---------------------------------Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965----------------------------------------

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1430-64,
1430-2,
1430-9,
1430-15,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964----------------1430-54,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1965---------------------1385-78,
Spokane, Wash., May 1964------------------------1430-50,
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651
--------------------------1430-35,
Trenton, N .J ., Dec. 1964*_______________
1430-14,
Washington, D. C .—
Md.— a ., Oct. 19641 ...
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965-------------------1430-49,
1430-23,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 ---------------------1430-11,
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641---------------------Worcester, M ass., June 1964 1 _____________ _________ 1385-79,
York, Pa., Feb. 1965_________________________________ 1430-46,

20
20
20
25
25
30
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

i Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102