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Occupational Wage Survey”

BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA
APRIL 1965

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 6 0




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commi»*ioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA




APRIL 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-60
June 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT O F LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups—------------------- -------- — _____
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
change for selected periods_______ ____ _______________________ ___

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual met­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

A. Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women-_____________________
A - 2. Professional add technical occupations—
men and women
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined__ __ __ _______________ _____ __
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-------------- --- -----A - 5. Custodial and material movement occupations__________




*NOTE:
back cover.)

3
5
8

9

10
11

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries forwomenoffice workers______ 13
B -2. Shift differentials--------------------------------------------------------------------- 14
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours----------------------;------------------------ ---- —
— 15
B -4. Paid holidays------------------------------------------- — -------------------16

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational, earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Birmingham, Ala., in April 1965. It was prepared in the
Bureau’ s regional office in Atlanta, Ga., by William L.
Dansby, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
W age Analyst.

4

B -6.
B -7.

Health, insurance,and pension plans----- —____________
Profit-sharing plans-------------

20
21

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions -_______ __ ________________ ___22
B. Occupational descriptions---------------------;------------------------------------------ 23

Similar tabulations are available for other areas.

(See inside

Current reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage practices
in the Birmingham area are also available for auto dealer repair shops (August
1964) and fabricated structural steel (November 1964). Union scales, indicative
of prevailing pay levels, are available for building construction, printing, localtransit operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Birmingham, Ala.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U. S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis.
In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion.
Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. E s­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied.
These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings*
3
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment.
Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job.
The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B.
Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers.
Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. “Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
“Plant workers" include working fore­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data- exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in tefm s of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (l) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B -4 through B-7) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B -2 through B -7 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer.
Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (table B-6) for which at least a part of the cost is borne
by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as work­
men's compensation, s o c i a l security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em ­
ployer contributions, 23 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
mercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
Profit-sharing plans (table B-7) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees:
(1) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

it m et either o f the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require em ployer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

Table 1.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Birmingham, A la .:
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Number of establishments

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Office

T o ta l4

Plant

Total4

439

150

9 9 .6 0 0

15, 000

6 7 ,9 0 0

67. 030

50
-

166
273

50
100

56, 000
4 3 ,6 0 0

4 ,8 0 0
10, 200

43, 500
24, 400

39, 590
27, 440

50
50
50
50
50

46
58
88
43
38

21
21
28
18
12

12, 700
5 ,9 0 0
13, 300
7, 000
4, 700

6, 800
3, 800
1 0,600
6 300
(8)

10,
2,
7,
4,
2,

A ll divisions------ ---------------------------------------------------------------- — ----Manuf actur ing___________________________________________________
Nonmanufactur ing—------ ---------------- -------------— ------------------- ------Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5
Wholesale tra d e ----------------------------— ------- ---------- ----------- ----Retail tr ade------ ------ ---------- ---------- . -------------------------- -------- ----Finance, insurance, and real e sta te ------ -------------- ------- —
S e r v ic e s 7
—

by m ajor industry division, 2 April 1965

2 ,5 0 0
1, 300
1, 300
4, 200
(8)

380
770
640
550
100

1 The Birmingham Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of Jefferson County. The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment indexes
for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied,
and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair
service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
A number of electric utilities (supplying le s s than half the electric consumption in Jefferson County) were publicly
owned and excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 Estim ate relates to real estate establishments only.
W orkers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a l l
industry" estim ates in the Series B tables.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and
engineering and architectural services.
8 This industry division is represented in estim ates for " a l l industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for " a l l industries" in the Series B tables. Separate
presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2)
the sample was not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of
individual establishment data.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
Birmingham, A l a ., April 1965 and April 1964, and percents of change1 for selected periods.
Indexes
(April 1961 = 100)

Industry and occupational group
April 1965

April 1964

Percents of change 1
April 1964
to
April 1965

April 1963
to
April 1964

April 1962
to
April 1963

Ap ril 1961
to
April 1962

M arch I960
to
April 1961

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and wom en)------Industrial nurses (men and women)—
Skilled maintenance (men)------------------Unskilled plant (m en)---------------------------

109.9
1 06.2
1 0 8 .4
109.3

1 07.8
104. 1
108.7
1 0 6 .4

2 .0
2 .0
-. 2
2 .7

1 .5
.5
2 .6
1 .2

2 .7
.5
.7
1 .3

3 .4
3 .1
5 .1
3 .8

2 .6
1 .6
3 .2
1 .5

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)------Industrial nurses (men and women)—
Skilled maintenance (men)------------------Unskilled plant (m en)----------- ---------------

1 04.3
1 04.6
1 0 8 .0
110.1

1 03.8
10 3 .0
1 0 8 .5
10 6 .4

.5
1 .5
- .5
3 .5

-.3
—. 5
2 .3
1 .4

1 .9
— 5
.
.4
2. 1

2 .3
4 .0
5 .6
2 .7

2 .7
1 .5
3 .0
.2

A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A la . , A p r il 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

U nder
M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

45
and
under

$

45

_

$

$

50

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
~
j
$

-

55

60

$

I

50

55

60

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
-

2
2
2

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

-

—

65

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

75

80

85

90

95

j QQ

1 05

1 10

115

1 20

1 25

130

15
9
6

4
4

3
3

6
5
1

13
5
8

4
4

17
13
4

3
2
1

4

6

3

4

3

21
17
17

9
9
9

10
10
10

-

2
2
2

11
6
6

2

10
4

1
1

*

2

6
6
6

$

65

70

-

-

1

-

-

3

-

-

l

-

-

3

2

1

13

3
3
3

4
3
3

-

14
12
12

130

135

—

140

-

and

135

1 40

over

25
22
3

6
4
2

26
25
l

13
9
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MEN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING---------------------NQNMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------

139
94
45

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

$

1 2 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0

$

$

1 0 6 .0 0 1 3 6 .0 0
1 1 7 .0 0 1 3 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

39

40. 0

88.00

8 9 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

1 10
97
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

68.00
8 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 9 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

8 0 . 0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

37
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 1 4 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS --------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3

81
66
25

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

6 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

5 7 . GO- 7 3 . 0 0
5 6 . 5 0 - 7 2 .5 0
5 4 . 5 0 - 8 2 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------

49
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 9 5 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE 1 BILL ING
MACHINE) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------

63
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 - 8 5 .5 0
5 7 . 0 0 - 7 5 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------

27

4 0 .0

6 4 .0 0

6 3 .5 0

5 4 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0

9

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

52
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86.00
8 1 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0

2
2

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------

309
42
267
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
66.00

6 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

5 7 .0 0 6 0 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 -

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING--------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTIL I T I E S 3----------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------F [NANCE4------------------------------

218
49
1 69
63
27
37
38

3 9 .5
9 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 5 .5 0
39. 5
9 4 . 00
8 9 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 1 0 .5 0 1 1 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
7 8 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
3 8 .5
8 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING-----NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —
FINANCE4 ---------------

514
76
438
52
47
98

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0

CLERKS*

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B

CLERKS, ORDER --------------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE -

-

23
22
22

4
4
16
14
2

14
7
3

12
12
2

9
8
3

3
2
1

8

2
2

14
13
7

8
l

4
4

6
5

2
1

4

12

2

10

5
1

1

-

9
9

4
4

6
1

9
2

1
1

2
2

1
1

1
1

2
-

3
3

-

1
1

2
2

4
4

1
-

2
2

2
2

2

3
3
3

6
4

2
2

3
3

1
1
1

1
1

-

6
3

3

2
l

—

-

—

—

4
4

-

-

-

-

11
4
7
7

3
3
3

5
2
3
3

24
3
21
19

-

-

W EN
OM

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




7 4 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

6 8 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

8 0 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 1 1 0 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 1 2 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 - 9 0 .0 0
7 4 . 0 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 7 0 . DO6 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 6 0 .5 0 5 8 .0 0 -

8 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

7
7

3
1
2
-

37
1
36
9
l
1
1
-

20

2
18
6

12

6
6

1

4
4

3
3

39

6

13
12

2

-

-

-

-

2
2
14
3
11
2
6
1
2

10
5
5
1
3
1

21
5
16
14
l
1

24
l
23
7
5
6
5

6
2
4
3

1

-

n o
l
109
-

29
14
15
14

7
1
6
3

23
1
22

2
2

1
1

-

-

5

1

2

-

6
6
4
2

28
5
23
5
10
4

17
17
2
11
4

44
16
28
1
6
5
16

73

61

71
27
44

35
4
31

20
4
16
4
1
4

-

-

-

1

6

72
7
8
31

55
7
6
13

2

6

19
7

2
2

12
-

-

3
3
3

-

3
3

14

-

39
6

39

5
5

14
10

~

78
27
51
8

59
10
49
9
5
20

4
4

2

39
13

88
7
81
8

-

1

5
1

-

2

-

-

-

3
3

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A la . , A p r il 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

45
U n der
S
and
45
u n d er

50

$

S

$

$

55

60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$

1 00

$

105

$

110

i

115

s
120

$
125

i

130

' i
1 35

1 40
and

___ 5(2___ 55

WOMEN -

s
95

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

8
8
4

8
5
5

17
17
16

4
4
4

5
2

7
5
4

2
1
-

8
2
2

-

105

110

-

1

1
1

_

_

_

-

_

1 00

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

CONTINUED
$
7 9 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

CLERKS. F IL E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

63
47
35

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
6 4 .5 0

$
6 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

$
6 0 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 6 0 . GO-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS 8 --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

120
106

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

5 3 . 5 0 - 6 6 .0 0
5 3 . 0 0 - 5 9 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , a ASS C --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

84
76
56

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

5 6 .5 0
5 6 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

5 1 .0 0 - 6 1 .0 0
5 0 .5 0 - 5 9 .5 0
4 9 . 0 0 - 5 9 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

42
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

5 9 .0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
6 1 .0 0 - 8 0 .0 0

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

191
96
95

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

8 0 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

6 9 . 5 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 1 . 0 0 - 9 6 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0

_
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

148
34
114
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
39. 0

6 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

5 7 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 -

7 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

1 06
68
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

7 2 . 5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 8 . 5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
6 8 . 0 0 - 8 5 .5 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

224
38
186
60
94

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38. 5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

6 5 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

5 8 . 5 0 - 7 8 .0 0
6 0 .5 0 - 8 4 .5 0
5 8 .0 0 - 7 6 .0 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
5 4 . 0 0 - 7 3 .5 0

-

OFFICE G I R L S ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------

32
32

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 - 6 3 .0 0
5 5 . CO- 6 3 . 0 0

-

9 2 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0

7 6 . 5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
8 7 . 0 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0
7 4 . 0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
9 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 8 .0 0
6 5 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 2 . DO- 9 7 . 5 0

-

-

1
1

-

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

19
10
9

7
4
3

8
4
4

_

1
-

3
3

_

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

-

11
9
2

23
21
2

3
2
1

1

_

-

-

13
2
11
11

3
2
1
1

4
4

_

7

-

-

7
7

49
7
42
8
11
5
15

73
18
55
ll
10
2
20

70
15
55
7
5
17
24

77
32
45
6
3
5
29

62
16
46
13
2
2
27

46
25
21
7
6
2
6

34
6
28
11
13
1
1

51
21
30
13
8
6
2

69
24
45

10
6
4
3

45
30
15
6
9

18
5
13
11

4
3
1
1

8

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

52
20
32
12
10
8
-

17
6
11
7

17
8
9

23
12
11
9

28
26
2
1

8
6
2
1

7

9
2
7

12
4
8

_

-

-

5
5

38
38

41
40

4
2

17
16

5
2

5
2

4
-

-

_

“

-

18
18
18

15
14
5

29
29
25

7
4
3

7
6
5

3

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

-

10
5

l
1

4
4

l
1

1
1

9
9

3
3

“

11
3

-

2
1
1

14
6
8

9
5
4

26
8
18

34
22
12

10
4
6

27
13
14

18
8
10

7
3
4

3
3
3

27
27
23

20
4
16
4

8

30
12
18
9

20
6
14
12

16
4
12
9

7
7
6

11
4
7
2

-

“

-

-

6

12
6
6

17
5
12

10
9
1

6
2
4

17
14
3

7
7
7

28
7
21
20

31
2
29
9
12

45
6
39
11
17

17
3
14
8
6

28
2
26
6
13

22
4
18
6
10

19
6
13
1
9

-

8
8

14
14

5
5

2
2

1
1

2
2

_
-

12
12
9
1
2

9
9
1
8

24
4
20
7
2
10

32
1
31
2
3
6
19

90
14
76
6
4
20
44

43
19
24
1
3
4
16

86
9
77
18
12
5
36

76
7
69
25
10
9
18

73
23
50
17
15
11
5

4

9
7
2
2

21
1
20
11

_

-

-

722
2 07
5 15
112
64
69
230

9 3 .5 0
3 9 .5
4 0 . 0 1 0 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5 1 0 9 . 5 0
40. 0
8 0 .0 0
4 0 .5
8 2 .0 0
3 8 .0
8 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3--------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

640
161
479
1 69
98
47
137

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 8 .5

7 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

62. 507 4 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 6 7 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 6 5 .0 0 5 6 . GO-

8 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

_
-

5
5
5

32
32
5
2
21

77
7
70
11
7
5
47

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N IO R --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------------------

191
77
1 14
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 5 . 50
9 0 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 9 . 0 0 - 1 1 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-




-

-

-

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .

1

-

-

8
3
6
-

-

-

4
4

-

-

3

_

33
9
-

“

1

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

5
5
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

19
8
11
4
1

22
15
7
4

24
9
15
10

25
8
17
10

17
8
9
5

13
6
7
7

15
2
13
11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1
“

-

?

1
1

-

4

1

-

_

8
8

-

-

“

_
-

1
2
2

3

-

4

3
-

3

_

_

-

-

-

31

-

-

31

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A la . , A p r il 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly

( standard'

M ean1
2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

S

45
U n der
$
and
u n d er
45

$
50

55

t

S

$
60

65

$
70

80

S

$

S

$
75

85

90

$

$
95

1 00

$
110

S
115

S

S
1 20

125

$
130

$
135

140
and

50

W
OMEN -

S
105

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

1
1

22
22

17
17

9
9
2

2
2

3
3
1

5
5

6
6
1

_

1
1

5
5

9
8

20
9

11
10

20
15

11
1

14
11

10
4

_

4
3

1

1

2

1
1

1
1

3
3

5
4

8
7

2
2

10
10

12
12

9
8

2

2

4
2

8
~
8

3
“
3

2
28
6

“
2

16
3
13

10
1
9

6
1
5

2
2

1
1

10
10

15
15

7
7

2

1
1

3

11
7

2
1

9

20

79

88

so
59

52
15

14
8
6
6

11
9
2
1

~

11
1

22
9
13
2
5
3

2
2

81

33
8
25
2

35
2

20

130

140

over

1
1

11
11

1 25

135

13

8
2

1 20

-

CONTINUED

4 2 .0

$
5 9 .5 0

$
5 5 .5 0

56*50

56 * 50

U . 00- L o o
3 8 • 5 0 — 7 2 .0 0
e i e a - 3 7 .1En
eo U

6 34
34

41* 0
111
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

7 2 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 - 8 2 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 — 8 1 .5 0

-

50

a8 . o
3 8* 0

8 2 .5 0
8 0 . 50

8 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

7 3 . 0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING—
MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL ---------- —
_
_____ —
____
MANUF ACTUR ING —
—
— __ —
—
NONMANUFACTURING
—
______

83
37
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 8 . 00

63*50
7 1 .5 0

41 5U**
o 1 •c n .
4 l« CA_
O 1 Du*
in ca.

TYPISTS* CLASS A —
—
— —
__ _______— —
NONMANUF ACTUR I N G _________ — _ — ____
_ —

72
52

40 0
4 0 .0

63* 50

62*00

CO • C A . o f # CA
oo DO* 07 !>U
CA Afl— A7 aCA
DO«UU* Of DO

TYPISTS* CLASS B _________
__ ____ ___________
MANUFACTURING ______ NONMANUFACTURING —
__
________
_
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3__ — ________
WHOLESALE TP ADE — - __ _____
OCTA fiL TD M
I 'Ll
1
1f\ Aftp
UC
F INANCE4 ----------------------------------------------

357
81
2 76
31
34
26
131

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
38. 5

6 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
6 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

5 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B5 -------6
NONMANUFACTURIMG
RETAIL TRADE
—
---------------------

118

SW ITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTION IS T S NONMANUFACTUR IMG — ____
__
— - __

-

9
-

-

-

TABULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
KtOKikiAkuic: urTiin llib
INUiil AINUr AC 1 UK l u r

...................

5 9 .5 0

5 8 .5 0

5 4 .5 0 cc cn «
DD»DO*
5 4 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 5 4 .0 0 GO CA_
Do«DO*
CA C A .

7 C «UU
f D aa
A f# DJ
L
O T CA
\
7 7 #UU
f f nn

6 9 .5 0
QA CA
oO«DO
6 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7/. CA
fH.DO
AA nn

7

8

7
8

37
7

3

27

8

33
7

12

l

1
1

l

14

1 S tandard h ou rs r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m ea n is co m p u te d fo r e a ch jo b b y tota lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n. T h e m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f t h e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r r a t e .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
5 D e s c r ip t io n fo r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la st s u r v e y in th is a r e a . S ee a p p en d ix A .
6 W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d as fo llo w s : 5 at $25 to $30; 10 at $30 to $35; and 19 at $35 to $40.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r i l 1965)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

1 15

~

~

85

90____ 95

10Q

105

110

115

1 20

125

130

-

-

-

3
3

10

11

9
2

9
9

8
6

and
u n d er
___ 75

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3
MANUFACTURING ---

117
104

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

* 5 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

$
1 5 9 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0

$

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3----MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4

141
1 00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 9 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

30

4 0 .0

1 0 8 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0

8 9 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3
MANUFACTURING ---

101
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

8 8 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

34
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

80

$

1 2 9 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0
1 3 3 .0 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

1
1
5
5

10
5

7
5

10
10

5

-

2
5

6

3

2

2

2
29
27

-

7
7

4
4

2
10
10

9

120

9
16
13

125

135
_

5
3
13
13

19
14
1

3
2

3
2

10
8

4
3

6
3

3

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

6

5

5
5

4

2

7
7

2
l

7
4

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e the la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S ee a p p en d ix A.
4 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




14
5
8

155

%
160

150

155

160

170

180

10
8

9
9

5
5

39
39

17
14

5
5

2

145

145

%
%
1 70
1 80

_

2
1

3
2

150

140
~

135___140

1 6
5
3

1 30

3
3

12
12

190

l
1

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
Average

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

CONTINUEC

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL--------------------------- :-----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------

228
126
102
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
8 7 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

27

6 4 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------

52
36

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 6 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS--------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------------

149
34
115
73

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------

309
42
267
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

107
69
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 3 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING--------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1
2----------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------FINANCE3 ------------------------------

357
143
2 14
76
41
38
55

3 9 .5 1 0 4 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 1 4 .5 0
3 9 .5
9 7 .0 0
3 9. 5 1 1 2 . 0 0
4 0 .0
8 9 .0 0
4 0 .5
8 2 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 4 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBL IC UTIL IT IE S 2--------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

2 25
38
187
60
95

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------F INANCE3----------------------------------------------

113
98
35
33

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

6 4 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
5 9 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------FINANCE3------------------------------

553
98
455
59
47

7 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

SE C R E T A R IE S-----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

725
209
516
113
64
69
2 30

3 9 .5
9 3 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 0 0 .0 0
3 9 .0
9 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 9 . 5 0
8 0 .0 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
8 2 .0 0
3 8. 0
8 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE TR A D E ----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------

658
170
4 88
1 78
98
47
137

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, S E N IO R --------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

192
78
114
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

9 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4 -------n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------

118
114
25

4 2 .0
4 2 .0
4 1 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 6 .5 0

BILLERS. MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------

63
43

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------

101

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0
40. 0
3 7 .5

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE3-----------------

69
52
39

3 8 .5
38. 5
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE3-----------------

133
1 19
74

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FIL E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE3-----------------

86

78
56

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

152
28
124
115

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 4 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE ■

Average
O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

$
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

•
P
o
o

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours I
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SW ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------

111
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

$
7 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------FINANCE3----------------------------------------------

1 08
31
77
30
32

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

8 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

NONMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------FINANCE3 ----------------------------------------------

39
36
29

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

6 4 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

83
37
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

T Y P IST S, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

81
28
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2--------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E----------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------------------FINANCE*----------------------------------------------

3 85
86
299
54
34
26
131

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 1 .0
3 8 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A4---------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

118
1 04

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 3 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4---------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------------------------

147
102
45
34

4 0 . 0 1 1 9 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 2 1 .5 0
4 0 .0 1 1 4 .5 0
4 0 . 0 1 0 9 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C4 --------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

103
84

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

DR AFT SMEN-TRACERS4 ------------------------------------

51

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (R E G IS T E R E D )-----MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

35
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 D e s c r ip t io n f o r th is o c c u p a t io n has b een r e v is e d s in c e the la st s u r v e y in th is a r e a . See a p p en d ix A .




Number
of

9 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

10
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A l a ., A p r i l 1965)
Hourly earnings

1

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s of—
$
1 .6 0

ters

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
3 .1 6
3 .1 8
3 .0 8

S
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
$
%
2 . 1 0 2 . 20 2 . 3 0

$
S
2 . 4 0 2 .5 0

$
$
2 . 60 2 .7 0

S
$
i►
2 . 8 0 2 . 90 3 . 0 0
!

$
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

*
3,.4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

%
1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 . 50 2 . 6 0

2 . 7 0 2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0 3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3..6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4
4

-

-

-

3
3
-

4
4

-

4
4
-

8
8

-

-

3

U nder
and
S
1 .6 0 u n d er

CARPENTERS* M A IN TEN AN CE ----MANUFACTURING----------------NONMANUFACTURING------------

1 86
1 60
28

$
3 . 01
3 .0 9
2 .6 0

$
3 .0 5
3 .0 6
2 .7 6

$
2 .9 4 3 .0 1 2 .1 6 -

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ~
M ANUFACTURING----------------

7 71
7 56

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .6 1
3 .6 2

3 . 1 8 - 4 .0 1
3 . 1 8 - 4 .0 1

-

_

_

-

-

-

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY -------M ANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

115
83
32

3 .1 2
3 .3 7
2 .4 8

3 .2 3
3 .2 7
2 .4 3

2 . 8 9 - 3 .4 5
3 . 1 8 - 3 .5 5
2 . 0 8 - 2 .6 8

“

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRAOES
MANUFACTURING ----------------

442
4 21

2 .6 8
2 .7 1

2 .7 2
2 .7 5

2 . 4 2 - 2 .9 6
2 . 4 8 - 2 .9 7

1

MACHINISTS, M A IN TEN AN CE----MANUFACTURING ----------------

578
578

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .5 1
3 .5 1

3 . 1 8 - 4 .0 3
3 .1 8 - 4 .0 3

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
<M A IN TEN A N C E)-------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING----------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------

341
1 46
195
162

2 .7 8
2 .7 1
2 .8 3
2 .9 3

2 .8 6
2 .4 0
2 .8 8
3 .2 1

2 .3 3 - 3 .2 6
2 . 1 9 - 3 .3 1
2 . 5 4 - 3 .2 5
2 . 5 9 - 3 .2 7

MECHANICS. M A IN TEN A N CE-----MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------

830
780
50

3 . 31
3 .3 4
2 .7 1

3 .2 5
3 .2 7
2 .6 6

M IL LW R IG H TS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

2 43
243

3 .3 2
3 .3 2

OILERS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------

131
131

PAINTERS, M A IN TEN AN CE-------MANUFACTURING---------------TOOL ANO DIE M A K E R S ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------

1

_

-

-

-

_

4

_

-

-

_

_

_

“

“

_

30
21
9

11
10
1
-

9
5
4
-

34
31
3
“

-

_
-

-

1
1

-

6
4
2

45
39
6

14
8
6

_

3 .1 4
3 .1 7

2 . 9 1 - 3 .4 2
2 . 9 7 - 3 .4 5

89
89

3 .1 4
3 .1 4

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

3 .1 0 - 3 .3 6
3 . 1 0 - 3 .3 6

1
1
_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

1
l

1

3

-

-

“

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

h o lid a y s ,

90
90

185
185

8
8

_
-

10
10

-

-

-

_

_

_

~

10
7
3
-

3 .0 5
3 .1 8

98
95

~

15
15
15

59
45

74
68

-

_
-

-

92
91

-

“

-

96
96

-

~

-

43
43

3
3

~

2 . 4 4 - 2 .9 5
2 . 4 4 - 2 .9 5

35
30

55
54

~

2 .6 3
2 .6 3

5
5

22
22

-

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

2
2

52
48

-

_

21
21

6
5

-

_

-

2
2

-

_

5
5

3

-

3 . 1 1 - 3 .8 1
3 . 1 1 - 3 .8 1

2
1
1

-

-

3 .1 8
3 .1 8

19
19
-

7
3
4

-

-

17
13
4

-

_

-

8
8
-

-

28
20

-

83
78
5

_

_

-

11
11
-

4

-

3 . 1 1 - 3 .7 2
3 . 1 2 - 3 .7 3
2 .4 5 - 3 .0 3

11
10
1

4

1
1

_

12
6
6

-

1

9
9

-

3
2
1

-

10
4

_

_

1
1

1

4

“

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




1
-

2 . 30 2 .4 0

and la te sh ifts,

_

_

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

6

-

1

1

-

-

13
11
2

31
30
1

15
12
3

32
32

31
31

58
58

48
48

20
20

25
25

35
35

9
9

-

-

-

5
5

-

16
16

10
10

62
62

59
59

124
124

31
31

30
30

29
29

209
209

33
33
30

10
2
8
-

1
1
1

31
5
26
26

4
2
2
-

17
16
1
1

3
1
2
2

108
37
71
71

20
4
16
16

-

2
2
-

3
3
-

-

-

-

5
4
1

20
6
14

11
7
4

24
23
1

44
42
2

25
24
1

159
156
3

124
1 16
8

98
98

135
135

61
61

42
42
“

6

_

-

_

_

•

-

2
2

6
6

32
32

8
8

92
92

29
29

9
9

-

63
63

_

“

2
2

_

15
15

22
22

10
10

11
11

24
24

6
6

16
16

7
7

13
13

9
9

7
7

5
5

4
4

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

1
1

3

2
2

1
1

8
8

5
4

7
7

9
5

10
10

6
5

_

_

“

2
2

-

-

_

_

15
15

4
4

_

3
3

24
24

27
27

16
16

_

_

-

_

15
15

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r i l 1965)
Numbe;r o f w o r k e r

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

U nder
Mean5

M edian3

M iddle range3

$

.6 0

.6 0

PASSENGER

$

$

$

$

T R A D E -----------------------------------------

89
89
30

MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

316
175

1 .8 6
2 .1 5

1 .8 3
2 .2 9

1 .2 7 - 2 .4 9
1 .4 9 - 2 .6 6

86

2 .6 4

2 .6 6

2 .5 5

RETAIL

0 .7 8

0 .5 9

1 .1 6

!•

16

0 . 4 8 - 1 .1 6
. 4 8 - 1 .1 6
1 . 1 3 - 1 .1 9

4 48

r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

$

$

S

$

s

$

$

S

s

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1.1 0

1.2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0 1 . 6 0

1 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 . 40 2 . 6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0 4 . 0 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1

.2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .6 0

2 .0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

-

-

:

24
20

11
4

33
20

37
20

28
28

29
29

:

-

-

-

-

16

28

29

22
22

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

$

S

*

$

$

*

t

$

%

*

and
u n d er
.7 0

ELEVATOR OPERATORS*

s

.7 0

S

$

27

-

16

5

3

27

4

50
23

over

3

2

1 .8 0

21

-

7

12
7

34
16

14
8

GUARDS:

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING — —— — — — —— —
—— — —— —

2 .8 3

*

23

89

1 .6 7

1 .5 5

1 . 3 0 - 1 .9 4

AND C L E A N E R S ----

1 ,0 1 4

1 .5 9

1 .5 7

NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5-— — ——— — ——
—
WHOLESALE TRADE — - — — ---------------RETA IL T R A D E ----------------------------------------....
..—
-------—---- — --------- .

608
116
32
153
1 35

1 .2 8
1 .9 2
1 .4 4
1 .2 2
1 .2 0

1 .2 5
1 .9 3
1 .4 2
1 .1 8
1 .2 5

1 .2 1 1 .7 3 .9 5 1 .6 5 1 .3 4 1 .0 8 .9 5 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------------------------

353

1 .0 9
1 .6 2
.9 9
1 .1 6

1 .1 5

301
42

.8 6
1 .1 5

1 ,7 5 9

1 .8 9

1 .8 0

on7
229
6 17
61

1 .7 2

1 • 56

1 . 5 4 - 2 .2 0
1 .6 9 - 2 .2 5
1 .4 1 - 2 .0 2

ll5 4
1 .6 2

1 .5 4
1 .6 5

1 . 3 9 - 1 .5 8
1 . 2 9 - 1 .9 3

112

1 .7 0
2 .6 4
1 .6 0
1 .4 7
1 .9 3

1 .5 8
2 .6 2
1 .5 3
1 .4 0
1 .9 8

1 .3 6 2 .4 2 1 .3 5 1 .3 3 1 .7 1 -

PACKERS* S H I P P I N G ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —
--------------------- —
WHOLESALE T R A O E -------------- -----------------—

301
72
37

2 .3 6
1 .5 8
1 .4 6

2 .4 3
1 .4 6
1 .4 3

1 . 9 3 - 2 .6 6
1 . 3 7 - 1 .8 8
1 .3 5 - 1 .4 9

n t c u u r r cn K r
K rt r t rIV iK i l l Ui L e K t e S
————— — ————————
UAi i c A r 1tK n r
n ANiUi r A v r iU o l l fi b — — ——— ————————— —
u n u u ttiiic t m i o v u r
N U iifl W l U r A L 1UK I N u
—

1A9

2 .2 1

2 .3 2

1 . 7 3 - 2 .6 6

1

66
38
28

1 .7 9
1 .7 0
1 .9 2

1 .7 6
1 .6 6
1 .8 9

1 . 5 7 - 2 .0 5
1 . 5 3 - 1 .8 3
1 . 7 3 - 2 .1 4

l

1 14
1 00

2 .9 2
3 .0 2

2 .7 9
2 .8 6

124
98

2 .9 7
3 .1 4

3 .0 1
3 .1 7

2 . 5 3 - 3 .5 6
2 . 6 3 - 3 .8 2

16

8

2 . 4 5 - 3 .3 6
2 . 6 5 - 3 .3 8

JANITORS*

PORTERS*

r t u A NrCet 6 —
r IN «&t

------------

u A A iiie i r n i B t u r
H A N U r * 1 V(JK If* 1
,
9

^

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ----------------------------------------• aonne
LAolJKk

nr
y A T C n v ai
ua u m
t A ir
H S t NAVcKIAL nAnUL INb ————— —
U AA1I i c A T T IIQ l A i r
n A if U r A L 1U K I f f t f
k in u u t u i i r A t 1 UK INb —
NUNnAllUr i r v i m v u r
— — —
—
Di g a , t r i i t ft f r i c c 5
rllo i. IC U 1 IL 1 1 IfcS "
^
WHOLESALE T R A O E ---------------------------------

RETAIL
n Kn eK
U n U Co

TRAOE

c ti • c o o
r lL L C K r

——

— —— ——

———— — —

M ANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------k in tiu i u n c r T H A f u r
NUNflANUrt ACI UK INb ————
——
— ——
u i m i r r 11 c r n « r\ r
M HULLS A Lc TKADc — — — — — — —
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------------

WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------------------n CT A ft
A C I A IL

f n AHC
1 R AU C

SHIPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------------------y i n i r Al# i i n f t r
n AtN U c t r T 1UK i n iU

SHIPPING

——— ——

—

AND RECEIVIN G CLERKS -----------

u i NUe ir iiK Nu
R A u i i r A b f1U o fIu r

—

.............
— ————

— —

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




.—
.

427
41
3 86

2 .1 5
2 .2 9
1 .5 2
2 .2 5
1 .5 6
1 .2 9
1 .3 5

. 6 6 - 1 .3 0
1 . 2 3 - 2 .2 2
. 6 5 - 1 .2 7
1 . 1 3 - 1 .1 8

1 .9 7
2 .7 5
1 .8 4
1 .6 1
2 .2 4

29

31

31

48

27

30

51

29

31

31

48

27

30

51

-

6

8

4
32

16

6

*

-

46

8

7

67

74

61

45

34
46

13
4
24

12
5
16

62
21
41

16
1
15

17

61

165
12

474
92
3 82

133
12
121

1 45
99
46
29
11

16
59
13
46
29
4
13

9

*

55
51
4

3

11
163
133
30
30

*

46
38
8

-

1

*

115

16

115

16

-

10

48

-

10

14

41
41

-

10
10

:

-

-

:

:

:

55

*40
105

10

12
1

381
1

31
1
30

1

2

17
14

3

-

l

-

3

3

-

172
153

117
63

317
285

1 76
102

116
16

63
56

1
6
12

11
26
17

20
7

54
18

*8 8
12

7

-

1

14

8

10

13

-

95

41

24
23
1

70

’

-

-

-

:

-

-

-

58
41
17

49

7

26

4

-

62
14
6

3

7

3

:

-

:

"

3

6
6

17
17

27
27
18

7

:

2
~
-

:

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
10
15
15

10
10

3
3

~
—

-

-

-

-

4

4

-

-

1
1

23

11

-

-

-

1

32
32

2
2

3
2
1

26
25

10
10

4

9
9

1

14
13

9

16
15

ii

8
g

-

11

5
5

5

1

15

-

26
16
15
1

6

12

19
13

10
5

8

5

9

2

:

45
45

-

1

^3
49

12

-

-

1

49

70

-

-

6

58

103

47

-

8

6

6

3

3

g

-

5
2

4

j

8

4
4

1
1

17
13

9

5
5

14
13

8

4

20
20

10
10
22
22

6
6

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B irm in g h a m , A l a ., A p r i l 1965)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 2

1 ,7 9 1
524
1 ,2 6 7
645
4 09
124

$
2 .2 8
2 .3 5
2 .2 5
2 .7 3
1 .6 7
1 .5 8

M edian3

$
2 .4 3
2 .4 4
2 .3 7
2 .7 2
1 .4 8
1 .4 5

M iddle range3

$
1 .6 3 1 .7 0 1 .5 1 2 .1 0 1 .3 5 1 .1 8 -

$

$

$

.7 0

.8 0

.8 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

195
28
167
101
57

1 .6 0
2 .0 6
1 .5 2
1 .6 2
1 .3 4

1 .5 4
2 .2 4
1 .4 9
1 .6 1
1 .2 8

1 ,2 4 5
279
966
555
272
57

2 .2 7
2 .2 0
2 .2 9
2 .6 9
1 .5 4
1 .7 7

2 .3 9
2 .2 7
2 .5 1
2 .6 8
1 .4 2
1 .5 4

1 .6 4 1 .6 8 1 .5 4 2 .0 8 1 .3 4 1 .2 9 -

2 .7 5
2 .7 2
3 .0 5
3 .2 4
1 .5 5
2 .6 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER TYPE) ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBL IC UTIL IT IE S 5--------------------------

166
127
88

2 .6 2
2 .8 5
2 .9 6

2 .7 3
2 .7 9
3 .2 0

2 . 2 0 - 3 .2 1
2 . 6 1 - 3 .2 3
2 . 7 1 - 3 .2 5

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

99
92

2 .3 1
2 .3 2

2 .4 6
2 .4 6

1 .7 0 - 2 .5 4
1 . 7 0 - 2 .5 3

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T )--------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------

372
289

2 .3 5
2 .4 0

2 .3 1
2 .3 4

1 . 7 4 - 2 .7 8
1 . 7 8 - 2 .7 8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1 .3 0

>.0 0

2 .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

> .2 0

2 .4 0

2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

over

21

57

118

21

57

1 18

189
17
172
166

63
42

17

18
13
5

358
72
2 86
2 86

-

16
4

48
9
15

11

101
11

1
1

15
15

172
14

124
33

194
1 56

31
7

51
7
44
26
17

16

12

2 .6 0

11

20
19
1

115
99
16
12
4

38
9
29
27
2
32
4
28
26

6

21
1

14

185
94
91
76
13
2

324
96
228
116
33
7

29
11
18

7

-

-

7

—

-

-

-

-

-

_

5
-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

11
7

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_
-

~

-

-

-

—

10

6
6

-

2
1
1

-

6

95
28
67
56
9
2

2 72
89
183
92
12
7

10
3
7
7

~

2 41
241
241
-

22
22
20

40
35
23

11
11

5
5

46
45
45

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

8

2

10

41

95

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
~

2

-

~

-

10
10

41
36
5

95
89
6

121
7
114
98
16

_

_

_

_

_

.

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

24
24

-

*

-

62
60

3

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

4

44
13

71
69

16
14

31
29

41
34

12
7

69
66

10
10

7
7

30
5

18
18

17
17

_

_

-

“

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts.
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
W o r k e r s w e r e d is t r ib u t e d a s fo l lo w s :
28 at $0.40 to $ 0.5 0; and 20 at $ 0.50 to $ 0.6 0.
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tru c k o p e r a te d .




$
1 .2 0

17

1 . 3 3 - 1 .8 4
1 . 6 5 - 2 .3 9
1 . 2 9 - 1 .7 5
1 . 4 1 - 1 .8 3
1 . 1 0 - 1 .5 2

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM 1 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5-------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------

$
1 .1 0

and

$
2 .7 7
2 .7 6
2 .7 9
3 .2 4
1 .8 1
1 .6 7

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT ( UN0ER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------WHOLESALE T RAD E---------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------

$
1 .0 0

o
o
*

TRUCKDRIVERS7 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5-------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ---------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------------

$
M ean3

• 60
U nder
$
and
•60 unde

*
.9 0

.7 0

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

-

1

1

35
2

5
5
-

181
16
165
165
-

~

~

1
1

6
6

49
32
17
1
16

_
-

“

13

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 196 5)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k l y s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

-

-

—

-

-

-

—

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m in i m u m --------------------------$ 4 0. 00
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0
$ 7 2 .5 0
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0
$ 8 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and
an d
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over.

$ 4 2 .5 0 ------------- ----------- -------$ 4 5 .0 0 -------------- ----- ---------------------------- _
$ 4 7 .5 0 ------------ __ -----------------$ 5 0 .0 0
----- ----— -------------------$ 5 2 .5 0 ------- - ----- ----- -------------------- —
$ 5 5 .0 0 —
____ ______________________ $ 5 7 .5 0 ...................................... .............................
$ 6 0 .0 0 ----------- -------- --------------------$ 6 2 . 5 0 . ----------------- -------------------- — - _
$ 6 5 .0 0 - -------- — ----- -----------$ 6 7 .5 0
_ -------------- -----------------$ 7 0 .0 0 — _ — --------------------- ------------ — -------------------- $ 7 2 .5 0 _ $ 7 5 .0 0 ----- -------------- ----- --------------$ 7 7 .5 0 --------------------- — -----------$ 8 0 .0 0 ----------------------------------------------------------$ 8 2 .5 0 --------------- — ----- _ —
-------- _ _
---------- .
$ 8 5 .0 0 -------$ 8 7 .5 0
--------—
----- --------— ----- — ----------------- ----- — -

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ------- ----E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

M a n u fa c t u r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g
A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f —

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d ie d _ — --------

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

1 50

50

XXX

100

XXX

1 50

50

XXX

100

XXX

38

13

13

25

16

64

22

21

42

29

_
4
14
1
2
8
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1

_
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
_
1
1

_
3

_
4

1
2
1
1
1
1
1
_
1
1

11
1
1
6
1

_
10
1
1
3
-

-

-

1
1
5
1
22
5
8
6
1
2
3
2

_
1
5
1
2
3
1
2
1
2

1
1
5
17
4
6
3
_
2
_
_
_
1
_
_
1
1

1
1
15
4
2
2
.
1
.
.
.
1
.
_
1
1

11

5

101

32

-

-

-

-

1
_
-

1
_

-

-

2
1
_
2
2

2
_
1
1

_
5
1
2
3
1
2
1
2
2
_
_
1
1

XXX

6

X XX

23

9

XXX

14

XXX

XXX

69

XXX

63

19

XXX

44

XXX

-

-

-

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m in i m u m s t a r t i n g (h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a i d f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

B a s e d on s ta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u r s 3 o f—

sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

14




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r il 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h i ft
w ork

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) _
_

--------

—

S e c o n d s h i ft

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h i ft

8 4 .3

1 9 .0

7 .9

8 2 .5

7 7 .4

1 6 .8

6 .9

8 0 .1

6 9 .3

1 6 .2

6 .8

.8
1 .0
2 .3
3 .9
3 .4
1 .2
5 7 .2
1 .3
3 .2
4 .9
1 .0
-

_
.8
.9
3 .1
1 .5
4 .8
5 5 .0
1 .8
.5
.9

_

_

.1
-

_
_
.3

.9
.5
.3
1 2 .2
.3
.7
1 .0
.2
_

(1 )
2

9 4 .9

W it h s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a l l y w o r k in g o n —

_ —

2
3
4
5
6
7

cen ts
__
c e n t s _____ _
_ ___
____ ______ ___
c e n t s __________ ___ _
_ __________ ___
c e n t s ~ ----------------------- ------- ------c e n t s -------------------------------- — ------c e n t s ____________________ ____________ _______ _
7 V2 c e n t s _________________________________ _______
8 c e n t s __________________ _________ ________ _____
9 c e n t s _________ _______ _ ____
__
_
10 c e n t s -------------------- --------------------12 c e n t s _______________ , _____________ _______ ___
_
14 c e n t s __________________ ________ _____ ___ __
15 c e n t s ____________
_
_
_
_____
2 0 c e n t s _______________ ____ _____
2 2 V2 c e n t s ------------- ---------------------------- —
F u l l d a y 1s p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s --------------

----

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s p l u s
c e n t s p e r h o u r ------------------------------------------------------

_
_

-

(2)
5 .9
_
.3
.1
.2

1 .7

3 .2

.3

.1

-

4 .9

-

.1

-

F o r m a l p a i d lu n c h p e r i o d -----------------------------------

.7

W it h n o s h i ft p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------------

1 2 .4

1 I n c l u d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n t h o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .

6 .9

.3
2 .2

a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

1 .0

co v e r in g

la te

s h ifts

15

Table B-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B i r m i n g h a m , A la . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs

All
j
industries

Manufacturing

Public >
utilities

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

100

100

100

U nder
h o u r s _____________________________________
37 V2 h o u r s ______________________________________________
O v e r 3 7 V2 and u n d e r 3 8 3 4 h o u r s ___________________
/
3 8 3 4 h o u r s ______________________________________________
/
4 0 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 4 h o u r s ________________________
4 4 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 4 an d u n d e r 4 8 h o u r s ________________________
4 8 h o u r s ________________________________________________
50 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 50 h o u r s _________________________________________

5
13
3
76
1
1
1

1
1
2
96
1
-

2
29
-

1
2
3
4
5

(5 )
(* )

69
-

PLANT WORKERS

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

91
4
6
-

5
77
6
5
6
1

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e a l e s t a t e and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 . 5 p e r c e n t .




Finance 24
3
1

100

15
27
9
50
-

All 4
industries

100

(5 )
2
1
(5 )
83
2
2
3
3
1
2

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

1
-

-

62
4
4
22
8

2
8
4
_
43
9
8
6
13
4
3

(5 )
96
(5 )
2

91

5
4
-

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
I te m

A l l w o r k e r s _______

____

___________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s _____
— ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s ____________________________________

All
j
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

1

'

Finance 2
3
1

All 4
industries4

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

100

93

97

95

100

85

-

3

7

3

5

3
46
4
20
3
23
-

1
66
2
9
19
-

H
9
-

11
3
3
70
10
-

9
17
3
39
5
22
-

8
51
3
25
4
9
-

~

~

-

~

"

"

.

_

.

.

-

-

-

-

9
10
60
61
67
69
91
92
93
93

10
10
80
80
83
86
97
97
97
97

22
27
66
69
86
86
95
95
95
95

9
9
13
13
38
41
92
100
100
100

■

Retail trade

15

N u m ber o f days

L e s s th a n 5 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s ______________________________________________
5 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ______ __________________
____________
6 h o l i d a y s ______ ___________ __ ____
6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----------- -------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s -------------- ----------------------------------------------------7 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ----- --------------- -----------8 h o l i d a y s ____________________________________________
8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ------- -----------------------------9 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y — -------------------------

(5)

(5)

36
2
5
2
1
39

14
2
2
2
58
22
-

(5)
12
1
1

.
3
10
2
6
62

(5)
17
-

58
4
4
27
2
5

2
22
2
6

(5)
51

10
61
2
_
12
-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e 6

9 y2 d a y s --------------- — — -------------- ---------------------------8 V 2 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------- __ -----------------------8 d a y s o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------7*/2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________ _____ __________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ------------ --------------------- — -------------6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e „
______ ______ _____ ________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ______
_____
___________
—
5 V2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------- _ --------------------------5 d a y s o r m o r e -------- -------- --------- -----------------------4 d a y s o r m o r e ______________ __________ _ -----------3 d a y s o r m o r e _______________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ------------------------- -------------------------------

!

_

_

_

_

2
14
14
54
56
61
63
99
99
99
99

-

-

-

-

22
22
80
82
84
86
99
100
100
100

17
17
85
87
97
97
100
100
100
100

23
23
27
27
47
51
97
100
100
100

-

19
19
29
31
97
97
97
97

5
7
7
7
34
38
38
42
100
100
100
100

_

12
12
12
14
75
75
81
85

1 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
6 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a lf d a y s th a t a d d t o th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a t o t a l o f 7 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e
w it h 7 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a lf d a y s , 6 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a lf d a y s , a n d s o o n .
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u l a t e d .




17

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

PLANT WORKERS
All
industries 5

Public ,
utilities 3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance4

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(6)

13
47
8

20
53
4

_

10
16

16
18
9

_

48

68
21

_
32
6
60
1
1

17
17
64
2

12
1
80
6
1

12
1
68
17
2

5

7
1
72
17
3

(6)
99

7
1
72
17
3

1

8

(6)
99

-

-

-

92

78
9

100

All
industries

Manufacturing

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

99
95
3
2
-

100
96
4
-

100
95
5
-

100
100
-

97
90
8
-

-

-

-

3

8
16

9
12

5
37

9
18

9
24

(6)

(6)

-

-

-

(6)
82
4
13
-

_

5
91
-

88
5
7
-

68
9
23
-

66
3
31
-

2
73
_
22
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
100
-

71
4
22
3

86
1
8
5

40
13
47
-

42
3
55
-

40
8
50
-

-

~

-

-

-

-

_
100

20
3
69
5
3

1
5
91
4

29
71

24
2
71

-

21
3
71
4
2

20
3
72
4
2

20
3
69
5
3

1
5
91
4

M eth od o f p a y m e n t

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________
L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ______________________________
F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t ________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 7
A fte r 6 m on th s o f s e r v i c e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ________________________________________
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________

-

-

_
55
45
-

_
53
4
43
-

-

"

21
5
74
-

21
4
75
-

-

-

1

10
90

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________ _ __________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s _____________________ _
_
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

_

_
75
16
9
-

_

_

_

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

27
64
9
-

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

(6 )
88
6
1

-

-

13
78
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

27

24
2
71

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________

See fo o tn o te s




at e n d o f t a b l e .

5
(6)
88
6
1

-

-

13

_
-

-

73
-

-

18

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 4

All
5
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 7— C o n t in u e d

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k -- ------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
------- _
- -------Z w eeks ,
________ ________ , .. .—.
—
O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w eeks — —
_ _
- -------O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s
- - — —
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------------

Z
89
6
3
1

_
98
2
-

-

5
80
6
9
-

1
37
6Z
-

3
67
_
30
-

5
56
29
9
-

_
81
8
11
-

"

-

1
34
_
65
-

3
67
30
-

5
56
29
9
-

-

"

1
Z
97
1

1
99
-

3
97
-

-

Z
19
Z6
51
Z
1

z

Z
76
17
5
-

-

7
1
84
4
3
1

4
1
86
5
3
1

7
1
33
7
49
2
"

4
1
22
11
59
3

_
76
13
11
-

7
1
31
5
54
2

4
1
21
6
65
3

-

-

-

3
30
66
-

5
56
29
9
-

_
29
69
2
-

7
1
19

-

-

_
5
91
4
-

8
92
-

18
2
68
9
-

-

-

-

_
5
47
4
44
-

8
71
_
21
-

18
2
52
_
26
_
-

-

-

-

_
5
33
9
53
-

8
_
71
_
21
-

18
2
52
_

-

-

-

-

5
4
90
_
2

8
_
30
_
62
_
_

18
2
52

66
3
Z

4
1
12
_
75
5
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
1
15
1
61
4
8
2

4
1
9
1
73
6
3
2

_

8

"

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------Z w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s — — ----- —
— 3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w eeks _ _ _ _ _
— __ — __ _ —
-------O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------- ------------

Z
51
11
35
1
1
( 6)

A f t e r 1Z y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------Z w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r Z and u n d er 3 w e e k s
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
------—
O v e r 3 and under 4 w eek s
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 4 w eeks
__ _
__
- —

Z
_
49
6
41
1
1
( 6)

_
18
Z6
5Z
Z
1

26
_
_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __
—
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s __________________________
Z w eeks
__. — — _ .
__ __ —
O v e r Z and u n d er 3 w e e k s
_ _ _ _ _
3 w eeks _ -------- _ _ _ _ _
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w eeks
----O v e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

Z
Z5
63
7
3
(6)

z

13
59
17
9
1

-

( 6)

_

_

26
_
_

A f t e r Z0 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w eek —
- -------- — —
_ _ _ _ _ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r Z w e e k s ---------------------------------------—
_
_ — Z w e e k s --------------O v er Z and und er 3 w eek s
—
3 w e e k s _____ — —
------- — —
_ - ----O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ — ------_
4 w e e k s __ __




S ee fo o tn o te s

a t e n d o f t a b le .

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

Z4

1Z

Z

30

41

Z

Z

1

3

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

45
7
Z1
1

Z7
19
38
1

77

40
-

Z1

14
13

38
9
6

60

-

-

11

5

_

_

30

18
2
38

4
49

50

31

_

_

42

8
5

_

_
_

9

19

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o l i c y

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public *
utilities

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance4

All
5
industries

Manufacturing

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

8

Public 3
utilities

18
2
38
24
_
15

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 7— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 an d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------ ------4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 4 w e e k s __________________________________________

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
26
7
39
3

12
14
21
49
2

2

41
17
9
27

-

27
28
29
13

2

2

1

-

16
81

3

-

29
52
17
2

7
1
15
1
20
5
49
2

4
1
9
1
17
8
57
2

7
1
15
1
20
5
49

4
1
9
1
17
8
57

2

2

_
5
4
9
82

-

-

25
44
19
5

_

8

5

-

-

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------2 w e e k s ___________________________________ _____________
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 an d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________ __________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

1

3

5

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

24

12

2

27

41

2

2

29

-

_

-

-

-

-

21
7
44
3

14
21
49
2

16

28

36

-

-

81

29
13

17
9
27

(6)

-

33
2

25

4
9

-

-

44

24

-

-

-

81
1

19

15

1
I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly . E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s
w it h q u a lif y in g le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , an d' c a n in d u s t r i e s .
* I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e an d s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
7 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th a n " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n an d d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t
f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 an d
c u m u la tiv e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r 5 y e a r s i n c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r




18
2
38

-

5

b e yo n d b a s ic

p la n s to w o r k e r s

t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s
10 y e a r s .
E s tim a te s a re
fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965) 1
7
6
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f b e n e fit

All
2
industries

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

96

98

97

91

98

89

95

92

77

77

50

40

49

50

62

67

34

29

48

45

45

64

53

57

100

Finance 4

All
5
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

100

Retail trade

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :
L if e i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l d e a t h an d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u ra n ce —
—
_____
_ —
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k l e a v e o r b o t h 6______________________________
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e
S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _
—
-------S ic k le a v e (p a r t i a l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) - _____ ___ _
_ _

-

70

77

67

76

80

69

75

85

—

31

67

13

31

37

2

60

79

30

30

18

-------

-

50

59

27

46

28

69

13

7

21

23

30

-----

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e
----- —
S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e
—
---------------------- M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e
_____ ___
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n
_ ----------- _ _
— _ _
N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p la n ------------

10

6

33

1

27

-

11

8

30

4

15

76
77
59
44
77
2

87
87
60
35
83
2

99
99
97
72
75
1

82
82
75
70
67

54
67
22
24
55
7

51
51
35
29
79
( 7)

82
83
39
20
65
7

89
89
36
15
76
2

95
95
82
64
62
5

84
84
55
42
56

49
55
21
10
34
20

1 I n c lu d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a ilr o a d r e tire m e n t.
2 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .
4 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in i t e ly
e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
7 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




21
Table B-7.

Profit-Sharing Plans

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s , 1
b y ty p e o f p la n , B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r i l 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f p la n

PLANT WORKERS
1

All
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities1
3
2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

AU
industries 5

Manufacturing

PubUc ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ---------------------------------------------

26

13

4

43

35

50

15

14

7

24

22

2

3

2

2

4

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r d e f e r r e d
d i s t r i b u t i o n _____________________________________

24

10

48

11

9

7

24

17

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r b o t h c u r r e n t
a n d d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n -------------------------------

(6)

(6)

-

1

1

-

-

5

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r e m p l o y e e 's c h o i c e
o f m e t h o d o f d i s t r i b u t i o n ____________________

-

-

-

-

-

-

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s __________________________

74

50

85

86

93

76

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r c u r r e n t
d ifit'ritYiTtir,p

87

4

96

43

57

35

65

78

1 T h e s tu d y w a s li m it e d to f o r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v in g e s t a b l is h e d f o r m u l a s f o r th e a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s a m o n g e m p l o y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d
to th e e m p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f th e d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (3 ) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m i t m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y to m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n t r ib u t io n s b a s e d o n p r o f i t s ; an d (4 ) in
w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x t e n d s to a m a j o r i t y o f th e o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e .
5 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e a n d s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
6 L e s s tha n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




Appendix A .

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

22

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

O FFIC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
ERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
»ie, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
ting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but. in addition, work requires application

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough woiking knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Cl~ss A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this woiker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions o f a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRMNG-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production o f a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training o f new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C.
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the followings Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN— Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans Hie graphic presentation o f com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details o f form , function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most o f the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings o f foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Com pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
o f components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number o f sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting o f straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping
records o f patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
o f wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out o f work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work o f the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the followings Installing or repairing any o f a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician 's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts o f a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation o f
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Woxk involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and b oiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
o f machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types o f machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the follow ing: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety o f pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties o f lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs o f
metal parts o f m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out o f woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping o f m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions o f work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge o f the working properties of the
com mon metals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of* an es­
tablishment* Woric involves most o f the follow ing: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work o f the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

Lubricates, with o il or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f m echanical equipment o f an establishment*

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment*
Work involves most o f the follow ing: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source o f trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction o f parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation* In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience* Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines*
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required* Work involves m ost o f the follow in g Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers* In general,
the m illw rights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures o f an es­
tablishment* Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface pecu li­
arities and types o f paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush*
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment* Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out o f woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size o f pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded*

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order*
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum bers snake* In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

80

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types o f sheet-m etalwoiking machines; using a variety o f handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work o f the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most o f the follow ing: Planning and laying out o f woik from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker* s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties o f com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating o f machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, speeds,
feeds, and tooling o f machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as o f finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(D ie maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing woik. Work in-

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woxkers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatenen who are stationed at gate and check on identity o f em ployees and
ther persons entering.

NTTOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory wodcing areas
washrooms, or premises o f an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating items filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number o f units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and method o f shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items o f stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places o f business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are

excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p acity .)

Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----

The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Akron, Ohio, June 1964
AlbanyHSchenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Apr. 1965.
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Apr. 1964*
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., Feb. 1965Atlanta, Ga., May 19641 _______ __
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 19641 ____ _
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1964* — ___
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1965 *.
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 _____—
_
Boston, Mass., Oct. 19641

1385-80,
1430-52,
1385-61,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1430-60,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N.Y., Dec. 1964 1_________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1965 1----- ---Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1965.
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 19641
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 1965----- Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ca., Sept. 1964 *.
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky., Mar. 1965— —
— ____
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 _____—
.
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641

1430-36,
1430-51,
1430-59,
1385-57,
1430-61,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1430-55,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
25
20
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641 _____________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll., Oct. 1964 1________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964,
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965— ..
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1965 l .
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 19641— .
Green Bay, Wis., Aug. 19641.
Greenville, S.C., M a y l9 6 4 J—
Houston, Tex., June 1964 1 _______ ___________

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641__________________ 1385-60,
25 cents
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Oct. 19641— — — —
1430-22,
30 cents
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641___________ 1430-33,
25 cents
________________ —
____ — 1385-74, 20 cents
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964—
San Bernardino—
Riverside-Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1964— — — — — — — — — _____ — — — — 1430-8,
__.
20 cents
San Diego, Calif., Sept. 1964 1___-__________
—
1430-12,25cents
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1965 * - ---------- — 1430-37, 25 cents
Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1___ ____ — _________— —
1385-69, 25 cents
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964-____ —
_____— — _______ —
—
1430-2, 20 cents
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964—
__
— ____ — 1430-9,
25 cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964.—
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1965Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1965l .
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1964.— .
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.-N.H., June 19641 — .
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 19641.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 19651 — .
Louisville, Ky.-Ind., Feb. 1965 1____
Lubbock, Tex., June 19641.
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 19641 — .
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965------

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1430-57,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964.___ — ____________ — — 1430-15, 20 cents
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1965__ -____ -_________— ____— 1430-54, 20 cents
Spokane, Wash., May 1964— —
___ —
— — —
1385-78, 20 cents
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1965 1__— __— ___— — — —
—
1430-50, 25 cents
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1—
______— _____ — ___—
1430-35, 25 cents
Washington, D.C.-M d.-Va., Oct. 19641_______________ 1430-14, 30 cents
____ — —
— 1430-49, 20 cents
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965______ —
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641—
_______ — _____ —
___—
1430-23, 25 cents
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641-___ — _______—
____ ___ 1430-11, 25 cents
Worcester, Mass., June 1964 1 _______ — ___ —
____— 1385-79, 25 cents
York, Pa., Feb. 1965--------------------------------------------------- 1430-46, 20 cents

1430-29,
1430-58,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1430-53,
1385-72,

Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964—
——
___—
----- . ---- —
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., M a y l9 6 4 1 —
___ — —
—
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 19641___________________
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 1965---- —
—
__— —
—
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651— — — — — — — —
—
__— —
__— — ___—
—
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964—
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash., May 1964 1___
— ___ —
—
Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.—
Mass., May 1964-__—
__—
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964— — — __—
—
— — ----- —
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1964— _____ — — — — ____ —
— —

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1430-56,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
30
25
25
25
30
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
35 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

_

_

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Miami, Fla., Dec. 1964-— — — — — — — — — —
—
—
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1965 1— —
— —— — — —
—
Minneapolis-6t. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 l — — — —
—
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641 — —
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1965_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965— — — — — — — — —
— —
— — — —
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1965 1— —
— — ——
—
New York, N.Y., Apr. 19641__________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
_______—
— ___ —
—
Hampton, Va., June 1964—
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 —
— ___— ---- --------


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102