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Occupational Wage Survfey
ALBANY-SCHENECTADY-TROY, NEW YORK
APRIL 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-52




W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALBANY-SCHENECTADY-TROY, NEW YORK




APRIL 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-52
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The B u re a u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s p r o g r a m o f annual
occu p a tion a l w ag e s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is design ed
to p r o v id e data on o ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e sta b lis h m e n t
p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w ag e p r o v is io n s .
It y ie ld s
d e ta ile d data b y s e le c t e d in d u str y d iv is io n s fo r ea ch o f the
a r e a s stu d ied , f o r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and f o r the U nited
S tates. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is the n eed
f o r g r e a t e r in sig h t in to (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u ­
p a tion a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the str u c tu r e and
le v e l o f w a g e s am on g a r e a s and in d u str y d iv is io n s .

E ig h ty -tw o a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo rm a tio n on o ccu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
an n u ally in e a ch a r e a . In fo rm a tio n on e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s is obtain ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

In dexes o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly
ea rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tio n a l g ro u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
in c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________ __ __ ___

A.

O cc u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e o c cu p a tio n s— en and w o m e n _________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o fe s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s— e n and w om en —
m
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w o m e n com b in ed __________________ ____ __
A - 4 . M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a t io n s _________
A - 5. C u stod ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c cu p a tio n s —

A p p e n d ix e s :
A . C hanges in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ——____ _______________ ______
B. O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________________________________________

T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the s u r v e y in
A lb a n y — ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., in A p r il 1965.
S
It w a s
p r e p a r e d in the B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N .Y .,
b y John G. C a steU a n i, under the d ir e c t io n o f H a ro ld A .
B a rle tta .
The study w as u nder the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f
F r e d e r i c k W. M u e lle r , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r fo r
W ages and In d u stria l R e la tio n s .




1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a r e a v a ila b le f o r oth er
(S ee in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t on occu p a tion a l e a rn in g s and su p p le ­
m e n ta ry w a g e p r a c t ic e s in the T r o y a r e a is a ls o a v a ila b le
f o r m e n 's and b o y s ' sh ir ts (e x c e p t w o r k s h ir ts ) and n ig h t­
w e a r (June 1964).
Union s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g
p a y le v e ls in S ch en ecta d y , a r e a v a ila b le f o r se v e n s e le c t e d
b u ild in g tr a d e s .

iii

2

4
6

o
o

A t the end of ea ch s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a
b u lle tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts f o r ea ch a r e a stu d ied.
A ft e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r
a rou n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data fo r ea ch o f the m e tr o p o lita n
a r e a s stu d ied in to one b u lletin . The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ich h as b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o lita n a r e a data to r e la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U nited S ta tes.

In tr o d u c tio n ___________________________________________________________________
W age tre n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l g r o u p s _______ ______ _____________

11
13




Occupational Wage Survey—Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y.
Introduction
O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n f o r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch e d u le
in the g iv e n o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ifi c a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts .
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , bpt c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u se s and in ce n tiv e ea rn in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o r k
sc h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich s tr a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e se o c cu p a tio n s h ave
b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich the U .S . D ep a rtm en t o f L a b or*s
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s c o n d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d w ag e b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s i s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
ea rn in g s in fo r m a tio n ob ta in ed la r g e ly b y m a il fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n ts
v is it e d b y B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s in the la s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c cu p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r lie r stu d y. P e r s o n a l v is it s w e r e m a de
to n o n re sp o n d e n ts and to th o s e re sp o n d e n ts r e p o r tin g u nusual ch a n g es
s in c e the p r e v io u s s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e f le c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a te s .
In d u s trie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g and,
th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s f o r ea ch jo b .
The pay
re la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a t e ly
the w a g e s p re a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in ed am ong jo b s in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls f o r m en
and w o m e n in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s sh ou ld not be a s s u m e d to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u al e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts . O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d if f e r ­
e n c e s in pay fo r m en and w om en in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d rate r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the actu a l ra te s paid in ­
cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin the sa m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e se s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th o se u se d in
in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts in the s p e c ifi c d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

In ea ch a r e a , data a r e ob ta in ed fr o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ; w h o le s a le tr a d e ;
r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u stry g ro u p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tion s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s t r ie s . E s ta b lis h m e n ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e c a u s e
th ey tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t em p lo y m e n t in the o c cu p a tio n s stud ied
to w a rra n t in c lu s io n . S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r o v id e d f o r each o f the
b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r it e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied. In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv en th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
a s r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O ccu p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the tota l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p lo y m e n t obtain ed fr o m
the sa m p le o f e sta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ic a te the r e la tiv e
im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l
s tru c tu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a rn in g s data.

O ccu p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p ow erp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap pen dix B .
E a rn in g s data fo r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) em p loy m en t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e se n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n t data.




E sta b lish m en t P r a c t i c e s and S u pp lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
T a b u la tion s on s e le c t e d e sta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le­
m en ta ry w a g e p r o v is io n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e not p r e s e n te d in this
b u lle tin .
In fo rm a tio n fo r th e se ta b u la tion s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly in
th is a r e a .
T h e se ta bu la tion s on m in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r
in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s ; sh ift d iffe r e n t ia ls ; sch ed u led
w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and health, in s u r a n ce ,
and p e n sio n p la n s ; a r e p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b les) in p r e v io u s
b u lletin s f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y ,
S
T
b y m a j o r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 A p r i l 1965

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

In d u s try d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

N. Y . , 1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

S t u d ie d

W it h in s c o p e
o f stu d y 4

S t u d ie d

357

100

9 8 ,1 0 0

6 6 ,4 2 0

-

150
207

46
54

5 8 ,9 0 0
3 9 ,2 0 0

4 2 ,1 2 0
2 4 ,3 0 0

50
50
50
50
50

26
38
60
41
42

13
7
14
9
11

1 1 ,6 0 0
3, 6 00
1 2 ,3 0 0
5 , 700
6 , 000

1 0 ,4 4 0
1 ,7 9 0
6 , 5 40
2, 160
3, 370

_

A l l d i v i s i o n s _________________________________________________________

50

M a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ___________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d
o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s 5________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e t r a d e 6 ________________________________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 _____________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 _____________________
S e r v i c e s 6 7 _______________________________________________________

1 T h e A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a c o n s i s t s o f A l b a n y , R e n s s e l a e r , S a r a t o g a , and S c h e n e c t a d y C o u n t i e s .
S
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s s h o w n in t h is t a b l e p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e la b o r
f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in t e n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r e m p l o y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e
a r e a t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in
a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , an d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d i t io n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
A l l o u t le t s (w it h in t h e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) at o r a b o v e t h e m in i m u m li m i t a t i o n .
5 T a x i c a b s an d s e r v i c e s i n c i d e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in t h e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d i v i s i o n is n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g r e a s o n s : (1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a
t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s i g n e d i n i t i a l l y t o p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , an d (4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b le 2. I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , A p r i l 1965 a n d M a r c h 1 9 6 4 , a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
S
T
In d ex es
( M a r c h 1961 = 100)
In d u s try and o c c u p a t io n a l g ro u p
A p r i l 1965

M a r c h 1964

in

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
M a r c h 196 4
to
A p r i l 1965

M a r c h 196 3
to
M a r c h 1964

M a r c h 196 2
to
M a r c h 196 3

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1 96 2

M a r c h I9 6 0
to
M a r c h 1961

A ll in d u s t r ie s :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ( m e n a n d w o m e n ) . . .
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e (m e n ) . . . . . . ... .
U n s k i ll e d p la n t ( m e n ) ____________________

1 1 1 .6
1 1 1 .7
1 11. 1
1 1 1 .2

109. 0
108. 6
1 08. 2
1 09. 3

2.
2.
2.
1.

4
8
7
7

3.
2.
2.
1.

4
4
4
6

3. 9
2. 0
3. 6
2 .9

1.
4.
2.
4.

5
1
1
6

2.
4.
2.
3.

3
8
9
2

M a n u f a c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m e n a n d w o m e n )
I n d u s t r ia l n u r s e s (m e n a n d w o m e n ) . . .
S k i ll e d m a in t e n a n c e ( m e n ) ______________
U n s k i ll e d p la n t (m e n i . . .

no. 9
1 11 . 2
no. 3
1 11. 6

109. 0
1 07. 6
1 07. 4
109. 6

1.
3.
2.
1.

8
3
7
8

3.
1.
2.
1.

4
4
0
7

3. 4
2. 5
3. 5
1 .9

2.
3.
1.
5.

0
6
8
8

1.
4.
2.
2.

8
3
9
5

3
W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G r o u p s
P r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s o f change r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o r m a l h ou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the stan dard w o r k sc h e d u le f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t -tim e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , th ey m e a s u r e ch a n g es
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g p r e m iu m pay fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p orta n t jo b s w ith in e a ch g ro u p .
The o f f ic e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e b o y s and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itch b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and ty p is t s , c la s s A and B. The in d u s tr ia l n u r se data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w om en in d u str ia l n u r s e s .
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in ten a n ce jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in clu d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u tom otiv e; p a in te rs ; p ip e fit t e r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly
co m p u te d fo r e a c h o f the
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d




s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s w e r e
s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s . The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a ch o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d ea rn in g s

fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
ea ch o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a tio (e x p r e s s e d as a p e rce n ta g e )
o f the g rou p a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the oth er
y e a r w as c o m p u te d and the d iffe r e n c e b etw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f ch an ge fr o m the one p e r io d to the oth e r.
The
in d e x e s w e r e com p u te d b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r ea ch grou p
a g g re g a te fo r e a ch p e r io d a fte r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e ch a n g es; (2) m e r it o r oth er
in c r e a s e s in pa y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
jo b ; and (3) ch a n g es in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e
re s u ltin g fr o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y esta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pa y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can ca u se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a ctu a l
w age changes.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e ex p a n sion m igh t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c cu p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c tio n in the p r o p o r t io n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w ou ld h ave the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S im ila r ly , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a co u ld ca u se the a v e r a g e
e a rn in g s to d r o p , ev en though no change in r a te s o c c u r r e d in oth er
e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
of ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a re not in flu en ced by
ch a n g es in stan d ard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch , or by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .

4

A. O ccupation al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l b a n y - S c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r i l 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weeklyhours1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
S

$
45

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

M ean2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

S

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

50

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , arid in d u str y d iv is io n

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
3
4

-

12
10
2

16
14
2

19
9
10

2
2

13
11
2

21
5
16

13
4
9

22
18
4

5
2
3

1
1

7
4
3

4
4
-

-

2
2

2
2

3
3
“

2
2

18
4
14

8
8
“

5
5
“

3
3

2
1
1

7
3
4

9
1
8

10
3
7

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

3

3

2

1

1

-

-

-

11
11

1
1

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

~

~

~

and
under

and

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

142
85
57

$
39.5 113.50
39.5 113.00
3 9 . U 113.50

115.50
113.00
117.00

1 00 .00 -1 26 .00
9 8.0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 03 .00 -1 23 .00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

117
46
71

39.5
39.5
39.5

87.50
86.50
8 8.00

8 3.00
85.50
82.50

7 6.5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 8 .0 0 - 95.50
74. 50-10 9.0 0

-

CLERKS, O R D E R --------------------------------------------

27

39.5

101.00

103.00

88.0 0-11 6.5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

143
79
64

38.5
39.5
38.0

65.50
6 5.50
65.00

66.50
70.50
66.00

5 8 .0 0 - 72.00
5 6 .0 0 - 73.00
5 9 .0 0 - 69.00

-

26
19
7

18
6
12

19
11
8

31
2
29

38
35
3

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

-

“

38
8
30

7
7

1

2

7

1

-

4
2
2

_
“

1
1

4
4
“

2

1
1

6
6

5
5

11
~

9
9

8
4

7
~

13
13

4
2

6
2

11
1

2
2

4
4

2

2

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

“

-

_

_

_

_

"

"

"

6
“

1
“

6
6

1
1

7
7

7
7

10
9

3
3

7
l

16

-

6

7

2

-

-

2

6

4

15

1

2

-

-

_

_

_

~

1
“

5
5

6
6

8
6

15
15

9

~

50
13
37

22
6
16

17
12
5

12
1
11

_
-

4
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

5
2
3

14
14

6
2
4

23
16
7

11
10
1

6
6

8
2
6

23
3
20

84
24
60

59
15
44

82
34
48

56
11
45

69
9
60

4
4

_

-

-

_

_

3
2

11
9

36
36

4
4

4
4

4

12
9
3

55
5
50

80
28
52

44
7
37

2
1
1

11
4
7

21
21

2

-

2

MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

49
38

3 9.0
39.5

111.00
112.50

110.50
113.50

1 04 .50-117.00
1 02 .00 -1 18 .50

TABULATING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

52
28

39.0
39.5

9 4.50
97.00

99.00
101.50

82.5 0-10 4.5 0
9 1.50-104.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

55
38

38.5
38.0

77.50
74.00

75.00
67.50

6 4.5 061.0 0-

93.00
95.50

_

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

35

38.5

63.00

61.50

53.00-

68.50

-

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

32

39.0

75.00

76.50

70.5 0-

79.00

-

60UKK EEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

53
38

39.0
39.5

9 2.50
89.50

92.50
91.00

8 6.0 08 4.00-

98.00
94.00

_

_

~

~

148
37
III

3 9.0
39.5
38.5

68.50
74.50
66.50

68.50
75.00
67.50

6 4.0068.505 9 .5 0 -

75.00
79.00
72.50

4
4

15
15

10

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

10

10
10

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------ -------------------

110
45
65

39.0
39.5
38 .0

9 9.00
98.50
99.00

98.50
96.50
101.00

90.5 0-10 4.5 0
9 2.50-104.50
85.0 0-10 4.5 0

-

-

-

“

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS 8 -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

419
103
316

38.5
39.5
38.0

77.00
75.00
77.50

76.50
76.00
77.00

6 9 .0 0 - 84.50
6 9 . 5 0 - 80.00
6 8 .5 0 - 85.50

4
4

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS A --------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

59
55

39.5
39.5

82.50
82.50

82.00
82.50

8 0.0080.50-

84.50
84.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------- ------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

231
75
156

39.0
39.0
39.0

64.00
68.00
61.50

63.00
64.50
62.00

5 9 .0 0 - 67.50
6 1 .0 0 - 80.50
5 8 .0 0 - 66.00

~

_

_

1
l

.

2

.

_

-

~

_

_

-

-

_

_
—

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
3

_

~

_

3

_

~

3

27
5
22

5
2
3

10

4

-

-

10

4

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

2

_

_

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

_

HOMEN

“

3

BUOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

S ee

fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le .




-

“

~

-

4

-

1

8

-

-

-

1

8

“
_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

~

~

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
6
2

3

1
1

2
1
1

_

4

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

4

1
1

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and W omen— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , A p r i l 1965)
S
W eekly earnings( standard)

S ex, o c c u p a t io n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Ave rage
weekly
hours1
( standard)

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
$

45
Me; i2

M edian 2

Middle range 2

$

5

$

i

$

s

$

s

$

$

$

$

$

l

I

$

$

$

S

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

24
12
12
4

43
15
28
4

1
1

22
3
19
19

9
3
6
-

16
16

2
2
-

-

-

4
1
3
3

2

-

6
1
5
5

2
1
1
1

8
8

5
5

20
11

8
8

8
8

1
l

and
under
50

WM
O EN -

s

and

CONTINUED

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -----NONMANUFACTURING----------

16
16

29
27

44
31

99
84

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

6 0 .5 0
6 0 .0 0

5 6 .5 0 - 6 3 .5 0
5 6 .0 0 - 6 3 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3
-------------------------

159
76
83
43

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 1 0 6 .5 0

-

3
3
-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

162
1 40

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

8 7 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 9 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

1
1

5
4

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

76
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

260
1 03
157

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
6 6 . 0 0 - 8 1 .0 0

3
3

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

113
83

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

6 2 .5 0
6 1 .5 0

5 9 .0 0 - 6 6 .0 0
5 8 .5 0 - 6 3 .5 0

5
3

1,222
742
480
66

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
1 3 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------N0NMANUFAC TURING----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------

555
266
289
83

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

SWITCH80ARD OPERATORS--------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------- -

127
41
86

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTUR IN G ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

151
61
90

10
10

SECRETARIES-------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING---PUBLIC UTILITIES 3
-

1
1
-

4
4
2
2
28
27

32
9
23
50
46

-

7 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 - 9 2 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
6 5 . 5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
6 7 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

4
4
-

38
11
27
-

7 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
68.00

7 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

5 8 .0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
5 4 .0 0 - 7 5 .5 0

28
28

7
7

-

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

7 2 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 5 .5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 7 .5 0
6 3 .0 0 - 7 4 .0 0

4
4
-

-

2

4

-

-

2

4

-

6
3
4
4
55
7
48
15
7

9 2 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0 9 5 . 5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

-

24
17
7
5

6
2
4

19
13

41
22
19

35
27
8

-

22
2
20

15
10

51
48

5
3

13
13

13

30
12
18

12
9

-

10
3

-

2
2

6
4
2

67
48
19

4
2
2

3
3

82
24
58

70
43
27

2 80
201
79

196
112
84

54
32
22
3

-

-

-

-

-

17
7
10
10

29
5
24
24

-

-

-

2
2

1
1

60
35
25

-

-

10
10

21
21

24
8
16

-

2

61
32
29

46
12
34
14

72
9
63
19

79
29
50
11

43
23
20
5

50
22
28
-

41
18
23
6

113
101
12
-

7
3
4
4

36
32
4
4

24
6
18
18

2

8
1
7

21
21

8
4
4

4
3
1

5
2
3

21
21
-

7
3
4

11
2
9

3
3

2
26
26

18
4
14

45
18
27

10
5
5

14
7
7

16
16
-

6
2
4

3
2

3
3

17
13
4
3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

3

-

-

8
6

3
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

13
11
2

4
4

44
31
13
7

2 26
162
64
11

2
2
-

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
87

3 8 .0

7 1 .0 0

6 9 .0 0

6 6 .0 0 -

7 4 .5 0

12

42

13

12

4

4

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------

140
96
44
25

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

8 5 .0 0
88.00
7 7 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 8 3 .0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 8 4 .0 0

1
1
-

13
8
5
3

15
3
12
2

16
4
12
8

11
3
8
8

1
1
-

66
62
4
4

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING---NUNMANUFACTURING

474
146
3 28

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

6 4 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

5 8 . 5 0 - 7 1 .0 0
5 9 . 5 0 - 7 3 .5 0
5 8 .0 0 - 6 9 .0 0

82
6
76

104
47
57

51
25
26

38
17
21

7
4
3

8
4
4

15
3
12

-

23
5
18

139
34
105

-

1
1

1
1

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 The m ea n is co m p u te d fo r ea ch job by totalin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te show n; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te show n.
The m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f th e se ra te s and a fou rth e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




6




Table A-2. Professional and Technical O ccupations—Men and W omen
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N. Y. , A p ril 1965)
T
W eekly e arn in gs1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

A ve rage
w eek ly
h ours1
( standard]

$
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

80
and
under
85

Number o^ w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e
w eekly earnings of—
$
t
$
S
$
$
t
$
$
85
90
95 100 105
110 115 120
125
130

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

11
11

5
5

13
13

9
2

125

130

135

WM
O EN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)----RANUrAL 1U INu
K

50
42

$
$
$
$
3 9 .5 1 1 0 .0 0 1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 3 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 0 9 .0 0 1 1 0 .5 0 1 0 3 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

2
2

1
1

-

2
1

2
2

3
3

2
2

Standard hours re fle c t the workweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e sala ries and the earnings corresp on d to these
w eekly hours.
F o r definition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .

Data w ere not c o lle cte d fo r draftsm en and tr a c e rs due to the r e v isio n of occupational
descrip tion s, w hich w ere re vise d to facilitate im p roved cla ssifica tio n . (See appendix A .)
It was not fe asib le to c o lle c t earnings data by m ail the fir s t year; how ever, earnings data
fo r draftsm en and tr a c e rs w ill be colle cte d by personal visit and published next year.

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical O ccupations—Men and W omen Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A lba n y — ch e n e cta d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r il 1965)
S
T
A ve rage

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS

A verage

Occupati'

and industry division

N um ber
of

W eekly
hours 1
(standard )

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
35

3 8 .5

$
6 3 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE)-----------------------------------------

33

3 9 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2---------

176
87
89
49

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
8 4 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------NONMANUFACTURING-------------

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -----------------------------------------

162
140

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

8 9 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING-------------------

77
58

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

7 5 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

A verage

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED
$
7 3 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

151
61
90

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A — — — — —
— ———
— — ——————
— ——
MANUFACTUR IN G ------------------------------------------

60
47

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

129
53

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CL AS S C — ----------- ------- — -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

70
49

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9.5
3 8 .5

3 9 .0 1 10 .00
3 9 .5 1 0 9 .5 0

MANUFACTURING---------------------------

67
50

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS 6 ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

153
40
113

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 8 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------

263
106
157

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-----------------

252
130
122
64

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
10 8 .0 0
10 5 .5 0
1 1 5 .5C

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS----------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------

256
109
147

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 4 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL-------------------------------------------------------------

87

3 8 .0

7 1 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 . 5C

SECRETARIES----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S ---------

1 ,2 3 4
747
487
73

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
1 2 7 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2-------------------------

141
96
45
26

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5

8 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR IN G -----------------------------

479
146
333

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 5 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
6 8 .0 0

536
149
387

3 8 .5
39.5
3 8 .0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -----------------

68

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

235
79
156

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------MANUFACTURING------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U TILITIES2
----------

560

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

99
84

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

sw itchboard o pe ra to rs -----------

127
41

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------

77
32

3 9 .0
39. C

8 4 .0 0
9 4 . 5C

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------

MANUFACTURING------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

268

292
86

86

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CCCUPAT1CNS
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

Standard hours re fle ct the w orkweek for which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




52
44

3 9 .5 1 10 .00
3 9 .5 1 0 9 .0 0

8
T ab le A -4. M aintenance and Pow erplant O ccupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N .Y ., A p r i l 1965)
S
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f —

Hourly earnings 1
Number
of
wo A ere

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle ran ge2

$
3 .3 4
3 .3 4
3 .3 3

3 .8 0

2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 . 9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

over

U n d er
j
and
under

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

133
91
42

$
3 .0 1
3 .0 7
2 .8 9

$
3 .0 7
3 .0 7
2 .8 5

$
2 .7 8 2 .9 3 2 .4 7 -

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

288
254

3 .2 3
3 .2 1

3 .4 0
3 .2 7

2 . 9 8 - 3 .4 6
2 . 9 6 - 3 .4 5

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

102
66
36

2 .9 7
2 .9 9
2 .9 1

2 .9 9
2 .9 6
3 .0 4

2 . 7 6 - 3 .2 2
2 . 8 1 - 3 .2 4
2 . 5 8 - 3 .1 8

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

92
77

2 .6 4
2 .6 8

2 .6 6
2 .6 8

2 . 2 9 - 2 .8 3
2 . 5 6 - 2 .8 5

2
2

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

139
121

2 .5 3
2 .5 5

2 .6 1
2 .6 2

2 . 3 9 - 2 .6 7
2 . 4 8 - 2 .6 8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

143
143

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

3 .3 1
3 .3 1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

387
372

3 .1 8
3 .1 6

3 .2 7
3 .2 6

-

6
2
4

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

10
10

-

-

-

2
2

5
5

-

2

2

-

19

~

-

1
1

-

4

3

9

1

4

2

11
11

17
17

-

3
3

8

18

6
2

10

-

-

10
3

12
12

-

-

4
4

2

-

21

-

10
10

2 . 7 6 - 3 .3 6
2 . 7 6 - 3 .3 6

_

-

_

-

-

_
-

3 . 0 2 - 3 .3 6
3 . 0 1 - 3 .3 6

2
2

4
4

6

_

_

_

1

14
7
7

4
4

27

9

20

54

7

24

-

4

23
20

10
10

29
27

18

17
3

2
2

-

14

-

22
13
9

10
10

11

6

4

-

_

7

6

4

-

-

_
-

3
3

5
5

54

-

5

15
15

25
25

1
1

10
10

1
1

7
7

-

-

9
9

_
~

21
21

24
24

19
19

40
40

13
13

69
69

20

_

7

-

-

-

2

-

2 .7 6 2 .4 5 2 .8 6 2 .8 5 -

3 .0 9
3 .1 1
3 .0 9
3 .0 8

-

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

122
106

2 .9 4
2 .9 3

3 .1 1
3 .1 1

2 . 5 3 - 3 .1 9
2 . 5 4 - 3 .1 8

-

4
4

-

-

14

9

-

14

4

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

96
81

3 .2 0
3 .1 8

3 .2 7
3 .1 9

3 . 1 1 - 3 .3 6
2 . 9 8 - 3 .3 5

2 .5 0
2 .5 0

2 .4 4
2 .4 4

2 . 2 9 - 2 .6 7
2 . 2 9 - 2 .6 7

1
1

2
2

-

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

54
54

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

107
86

3 .0 1
3 .0 4

3 .0 5
3 .0 0

2 . 7 3 - 3 .2 6
2 . 7 5 - 3 .2 6

-

1

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

260
226

3 .1 9
3 .1 6

3 .2 5
3 .0 8

2 . 9 3 - 3 .4 5
2 . 9 0 - 3 .4 4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

45
41

3 .3 2
3 .3 1

3 .4 2
3 .4 3

3 . 1 5 - 3 .4 6
3 . 0 9 - 3 .4 7

5
5

-

25

23
2
2

-

20
20

n
n

2

7
7

12

h o l id a y s ,

-

12
12

10
10

-

-

6
2

6
6

l

-

44
35
9
_

-

127
1 06

s h ift s .

-

_

_

-

-

3

1
1

3

~

18
12

1
1

_

_

_

8

_

_

-

-

8

-

-

_
-

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

24
9

3
3

83

15

-

76
76

1
1

15
15

_

2
2

8
8

7

7
4
3

_

79
79

_

_

-

11
9
2

8

_

121

8

~

13

17
2
15
14
_

3

-

-

“

39
39

11

_

_

-

-

-

19
19

11
11

33

1

_

18

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

3
3
_

3
3

7

-

-

_

13

2
2

2

i

13
13

2

2
2

8
7

9
9

10
7

7
7

12
12

2

-

41

4

2

-

33

-

24
24

30
30

34
34

-

14
14

-

109
76

-

_

_

-

132

24
24

and la te

1
1

-

23
23

-

—
-

2
2

5

3 .0 3
2 .8 4
3 .0 4
3 .0 4




~
39
39

4

-

16

2 .9 7
2 .8 0
3 .0 4
3 .0 1

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o t n o t e 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .

7
3
4

-

215
62
153
129

2

19
19

13
13

12

-

6

11

_

3

3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0

14
14

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE* ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------------------

1

3
1

3 .7 0

-

5
5

30
26

_

_

-

-

_

_

~

_

-

-

16
16

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

10
10

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

_

4
4

-

-

_




9
Table A-5. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A lba ny—S ch en ecta d y — r o y , N. Y. , A p r il 1965)
T
Hourly earnings 2

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—
$
1 .2 0

1 .3 0

$
1 .4 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 C

1 .6 0

1 . 7C 1 .8 0

%

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1 .5 0

36

$
1 .3 1

$
1 .2 6

$
$
1 . 2 3 - 1 .2 9

30

2

2

29
26

1 .3 7
1 .2 8

1 .2 8
1 .2 7

1 .2 4 1 .2 3 -

1 .3 6
1 .3 1

20
20

4
4

2
2

42 8
208

1 .9 7
2 .2 5
1 .6 7

2 .0 0
2 .4 4
1 .3 9

1 . 3 7 - 2 .5 3
2 . 1 2 - 2 .5 8
1 . 3 4 - 1 .9 3

22
10
12

123
19
104

1 24

2 .4 5

2 .5 3

2 . 4 1 - 2 .5 9

-

-

220

*
S
$
1 .7 0 1. 8C 1 .9 C

$
2 .0 0

$
$
2.. 10 2 . 2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .9 0

$

3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

%

2 .8 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0 3 .4 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0 ov e r

~

"

1

~

~

“

~

~

~

_
-

1
l
~

6
6
~

-

1

6

%

%

and
u n d er
1. 90 2 .0 C

1

~

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

12
12

9
8
1

_
~

12
12

12
1
11

25
11
14

_
-

15
15
~

16
13
3

20
16
4

86
58
28

18
18
~

16
16

~

27
27
~

-

8

*

-

-

-

-

18

4

-

16

56

-

15

96

2 .0 0

2 .1 8

1 .3 8 - 2 .3 9

10

19

-

8 40
5 11
329
97

1 .9 3
2 .0 2
1 .7 8
2 .2 5

1 .9 6
2 .1 5
1 .6 1
2 .3 4

1 .5 5 1 .6 3 1 .4 8 2 .1 6 -

2 .3 1
2 .3 3
2 .2 0
2 .4 3

81
25
56
”

19
5
14
~

28
13
15
2

208
131
77
31

1 .8 1
1 .9 8
1 .5 1
1 .8 3

2 .0 0
2 .0 4
1 .3 3
1 .7 0

1 . 4 7 - 2 .0 6
1 .9 8 - 2 .0 7
1 . 2 5 - 1 .6 9
1 . 6 5 - 2 .0 3

37
37

9
2
7
-

9
9
-

772
510
2 62

2 .2 1
2 .0 6
2 .5 0

2 .3 7
2 .1 9
2 .6 5

1 .7 4 - 2 .6 4
1 .7 0 - 2 .4 3
2 . 4 7 - 2 .7 1

-

5
5

2
2

3 04
141

2 .4 6
2 .3 8

2 .5 0
2 .4 5

1 . 9 2 - 2 .9 2
2 . 2 3 - 2 .5 8

-

-

*

~

139
85

2 .2 0
2 .2 7

2 .2 1
2 .4 1

2 . 1 2 - 2 .4 3
2 . 2 3 - 2 .4 6

_

-

10
10
4

-

1

11

-

9

11

13

-

2

18

1

1

-

-

-

46
46
-

14
14
-

74
43
31
21

91
88
3
3

89
51
38
29

78
44
34
30

33
32
1
1

12
11
1
1

_
-

10
6
4
~

_
-

-

_
-

-

28
12
16
16

_
-

4
4
4

14
12
2
1

96
86
10
9

2
2
-

3
3
-

_

-

2
2
~

4
3
1
1

-

119
119
~

22
3
19

128
122
6

6
2
4

14
5
9

_
-

5
5

61
61
-

126
97
29

5
2
3

135
21
114

35
10

23
10

6
4

15

3
1

3
“

7
4

_

_

-

5
5

-

-

“

~

6
6

40
-

34
34

16

1
1

5

-

~

117
84

2 .4 8
2 .4 7

2 .4 8
2 .5 0

2 . 1 6 - 2 .8 3
2 .3 1 - 2 .6 9

-

-

-

_

-

-

8
4

9
8

4

14
4

4
~

99
48
51

2 .5 1
2 .3 9
2 .6 2

2 .5 8
2 .5 2
2 .6 8

2 . 2 8 - 2 .7 2
2 .1 3 - 2 .5 9
2 . 5 5 - 2 .7 7

4
4
-

13
5
8

-

_

-

-

-

~

8 69
177
692
4 57

2 .9 9
2 .6 2
3 .0 9
2 .1 2

3 .1 3
2 .5 7
3 .1 5
3 .1 5

2 . 7 4 - 3 .1 8
2 . 3 7 - 2 .7 6
3 . 1 1 - 3 .1 9
3 . 1 2 - 3 .1 7

-

22

10
6
4

35
35
-

8

35

2 .3 6

2 .2 9

2 .1 5 - 2 .6 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

-

5
5

5
3

-

_
-

-

2

2

2

-

-

12
10

10

3
3

15

-

_

1
1
-

29
19
1C

“

-

6

1
1

-

-

14
-

16
16

-

16
16

_

5
5

7
7

*

-

1
1
-

10
10

13
13

-

14
4
10

_

7
7

10
10

-

7
4
3

-

4

33
23
10

-

4

4

6
6

-

4
-

21
17

~

1

4
4

-

6
6
-

15
15

1

2
2

-

_

6
6
-

-

_

_

2
-

-

-

_

3
3

61

-

1
1

40
40

-

-

91
32

4
4

30

-

49
-

21
21

2

4

_

12
12

-

“

16
16
“

57
57

1 .3 8 -

~

36
20
16

-

2 . 1 2 - 2 .6 5
2 .4 0 - 2 .6 4
1 . 9 6 - 2 .6 7

-

4

~

“

-

1 .4 3

-

-

~

44
1
43

6
6

2 .5 0
2 .5 4
2 .1 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

24
9
15
7

7
7

-

-

1 .4 5

-

-

37
26
11
2

2 .3 9
2 .4 4
2 .3 1

-

~

-

10 1

-

1
1
~

46
18
28
1

158
80
78

141
81
60

1 .4 7

%

-

~

-

-

-

12

_
-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

2
2

-

-

12

-

2

3

9

5

-

10

16

6

49
35
14
9

45
26
19
19

88
14
74

18
14

3
1

4

2

~

~

7
7
“

-

3

-

-

6

-

-

-

_

2
2

-

-

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

4 33
5
4 28
4 28

121
121

18
6 18

1
~

-

-

~

-

1

-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and M aterial Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A lba n y — ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N. Y . , A p r il 1965)
S

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings 2
1

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u str y d iv is io n

N um ber
of
workers

S
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
S
1 .2 0 1 .30 1. A0 1 .5 0 1.6C 1 .7 0 1. 80 1 . 90 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . A0
M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge 3

and

under
1 .3 0

1.A0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1. 90 2 . 00 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 . A0 over

TRUCKCRIVERS5 - CONTINUED
6
TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM 1 1 - 1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 T O N S )------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

$
2 .9 0
2 .7 3
2 .9 9
3 .0 6

$

$

$

250
85
165
15A

3 .1 2
2.6A
3 .1 3
3.1A

2 .6 2 2 .3 8 3 .1 0 3 .1 1 -

3 .1 7
3 .1 5
3 .1 7
3 .1 7

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E )----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING - - ------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S -------------------------

A39
A32
303

3 .2 0
3 .2 1
3 .1 6

3 .1 7
3 .1 7
3 .1 5

3 .1 3 3 .1 3 3 . 1 3 - 3 .1 8

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OThER THAN TRAILER TYPE)7 -------------

100

2 .7 3

2 .7 5

2 . 7 2 - 2 .7 9

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

2 95
255
A0

2.53
2 .5 0
2.7A

2.A 7
2.A 6
2 .8 5

2 . 3 9 - 2 .7 0
2 . 3 6 - 2 .5 9
2 . 7 2 - 2 .9 3

-

-

~

~

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKL IFT) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

166
6C

2.5A
2.AA

2 .5 5
2.A 5

2 .A 7 2 .A 1 - 2.A 8

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

-

-

“

~

3

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

3
~

3
3
-

-

12
6
6

-

15
15

-

—

-

~

A
3
1
1

19
10
9
9

_

7
A
~

~

*
*

-

-

_

-

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

1A
1A
~

27
26
1

20
20

~

8
6
2

-

“

6
6
“

-

1

~

~

~

“

36
17
19
19

”

10
8
2

_

”

—

-

130
5
125
125

A

2
2

1
1
"

303
303
303

~

8

A9

-

2

72

1A

-

26
26

21
20
1

17
10
7

10

~

100
96
A

28
1A
1A

A9

A9

57

2
2

1
1

D ata lim it e d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h e re o t h e r w is e in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .
F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta ble A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
In clu d es a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and type o f tr u c k o p e r a t e d .
A ll w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 40 to $ 3. 50.
D ata not c o m p a r a b le to la s t y e a r ow in g to a r e c la s s i f i c a t io n o f a su b sta n tia l n u m b er o f d r iv e r s f r o m th is o c c u p a t io n to t r u c k d r iv e r s , h ea vy (o v e r 4 to n s , t r a il e r ty p e ).




-

8

-

-

~

-

~

-

-

10

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

121
121

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

~

_

18
618
”
_
-

-

_

17
17

~

~

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau*s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

11




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billmg^operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and die making of some determinations, for example,
locates on die source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and intexprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators*

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards* Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards* May verify cards*
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical woik*

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior*

Class A* Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation* May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks* May operate from a stenographic pool*
Does not include transcribing-machine work* (See transcribing-machine
operator*)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

16
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
teria} in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following:' Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

17
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »
■who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory* or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of woik from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning woiking area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning woiking areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Woik
involves most of Ihe following: Inteipreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

19
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the followings
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

20
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of woik from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work,’ speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

M OVE ME NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woxkers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial



LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

21
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in dripping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment, Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves? A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presen ted below . A d ir e c to ry indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins may be pu rchased fr o m the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. G overnm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any of the BLS region al sa les o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, June 19 641-------------------------------------------Albany—
Schenectady— roy , N .Y ., A pr. 1965-----------T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 19641--------------------------Allentown—
Bethlehem —
Easton, P a .— .J ., Feb. 1965N
Atlanta, G a ., May 1964 1 __________ —________________
B a ltim ore, M d ., Nov. 19641 ________________________
Beaum ont— o r t Arthur, T ex ., May 1964 1__________
P
Birm ingham , A la., Apr. 19641---------------------------------B oise City, Idaho, July 19 641 _______________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1 ----------------------------------------

1385-80,
1430-52,.
1385-61,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 1964 1_______________
B urlington, V t., M ar. 1965 1_____________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1_______________
C harleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 -----------C harlotte, N .C ., Apr. 19 641 ------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.— a., Sept. 1964 1----G
C hicago, 111., Apr. 19641 _______________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 19641------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 -------------------------Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1 ------------------ --------

1430-36,
1430-51,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
25
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, T ex ., Nov. 19641 -----D avenport— ock Island— oline, Io w a R
M
Ill., O ct. 1964 1----------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965 __________________________
D enver, C o lo ., D ec. 1964-____________ —--------------Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1965____________________
D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1965 1------------ — -------- —------—
F o r t W orth, T ex ., Nov. 1964 1____________________
G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1------------------------------G re e n v ille , S.C ., May 1964 1 -------- --------—-----------Houston, T ex ., June 1964 1 ---------- ------------------------

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1964--------------------Jackson, M iss ., Feb. 1965___-______________ ______
Ja ck son ville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1 __—____- __ -----------K ansas City, M o.-K a n s., Nov. 1964_______________
L aw ren ce— averhill, M a ss.— .H ., June 1964 1 __
H
N
Little R ock—
North Little Rock, A rk., Aug. 19 641.
L os A n geles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1 -__
L ou isv ille , Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 19 651Lubbock, T ex ., June 1964 1 . ----------------------------M an ch ester, N .H ., Aug. 19641 ---------------------------M em phis, Tenn., Jan. 1965______ ________„__ ____

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice
25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1964-------M ilwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964MinneapolisHSt. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1------------M uskegon— uskegon Heights, M ich., May 1964*
M
Newark and J e rse y City, N .J., Feb. 1965__—------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965-------------------------------New O rlean s, La., Feb. 1964_____________________
New Y ork, N .Y ., Apr. 1964*______________________
N orfolk— ortsm outh and Newport News—
P
Hampton, V a ., June 1964________________________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1 -----------------------

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964-----------------------------P a terson -C lifton — a s sa ic, N .J., M a y l 9 6 4 * . -----P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641______________
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1964 1_______________________
Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1965 1 --------------------------------Portland, M aine, Nov. 1964----------------------------------Portland, Or eg .— ash., May 1964 1______________
W
P rovid en ce—
Pawtucket, R .I.— a ss., May 1964---M
Raleigh, N. C ., Sept. 1964--------------------------- ----------Richm ond, V a ., Nov. 1964________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford, 111., Apr. 1964 1—
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1.
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 1964 1--------- — ________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964—— ___________ ______
San B ernardino— iv ersid e— ntario, C a lif.,
R
O

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

San D iego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1____________________
San F r a n cis c o —
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 l -_____
Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1---------------------------- — ----Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964__________________________
Seattle, W ash ., Sept. 1964--------------------------------------

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., Oct. 1964___________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1_____________________
Spokane, W ash., May 1964-------------------------------------T oledo, Ohio, Feb. 19 65 l .
Trenton, N .J., D ec. 1964 1_______________________
Washington, D. C .— d.— a ., Oct. 1964 1_________
M
V
W aterbury, C onn., M ar. 1965-----------------------------W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641_____________________
W ichita, K an s., Sept. 19641_____________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., June 1964 1__________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1965— - _____ ____________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20
25
20
25
25
30
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c«n ts

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102