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Occupational Wage Sur^y^BURLINGTON, VERMONT
MARCH 1965

1430-51




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewon Cloaue, Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
BURLINGTON, VERMONT




MARCH 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-51
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

C ontents
P age

The B u reau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p r o g r a m o f annual
o c cu p a tio n a l w age s u r v e y s in m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s is d e ­
sig n e d to p r o v id e data on o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e ta ile d data by s e le c t e d in d u stry d iv is io n s f o r e a ch
o f the a r e a s stu d ied , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ited S tates. A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the p r o g r a m is
the n eed f o r g r e a te r in sig h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w ag es
b y o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s t r u c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w ag es am ong a r e a s and in d u stry d iv is io n s .

E ig h ty -tw o a r e a s c u r r e n tly a r e in clu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In form a tion on o c cu p a tio n a l e a rn in g s is c o lle c t e d
an n u ally in e a ch a r e a . In form a tion on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s is ob ta in ed b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .

T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f su r v e y and

A.

O ccu p a tion a l e a r n in g s :*
A -l.
O ffic e o c c u p a tio n s — en and w om en ________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l o c cu p a tio n s —
m en and w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l occu p a tio n s—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d _________________________________
A -4 .
M ain ten an ce and p ow erp la n t o c c u p a tio n s __________________
A -5 .
C u sto d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________

B.

4
4
5
5
6

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s —
B - 2. Shift d iff e r e n t ia ls --------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 . S ch ed u led w e e k ly h o u r s ______________________________________
B -4 . P a id h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ------------------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H ealth, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n p la n s--------------------------------B -7 .
P a id s ic k l e a v e -----------------------------------------------------------------------B -8 .
P r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s _________________________________________

10
12
13
14

A p p en d ix es:
A . C hanges in o c cu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ----------- ---------------------------------B . O ccu p a tion a l d e s c r ip t io n s ------------------------------------------------------------------

15
17

T h is b u lletin p r e s e n ts r e s u lts o f the su r v e y in
B u rlin g to n , Vt. , in M a r ch 1965. It w as p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in B oston , M a s s ., by L e o E p s te in ,
u nder the d ir e c tio n o f P au l V . M u lk ern , A s s is ta n t R e g io n a l
D ir e c t o r fo r W ages and In du stria l R e la tio n s .




1

*N O T E : S im ila r ta bu la tion s a re a v a ila b le fo r oth er
a r e a s . (See in s id e b a ck c o v e r .)
U nion s c a l e s , in d ic a tiv e o f p r e v a ilin g pay le v e ls in
the B u rlin gton a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r sev en s e le c t e d
bu ild in g tr a d e s .

m

oo oo o

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le tin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lts fo r e a c h a r e a stu d ied . A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lletin s f o r a rou n d
o f s u r v e y s , a tw o -p a r t su m m a ry b u lle tin is is s u e d . The
f i r s t p a rt b r in g s data f o r ea ch o f the m e tr o p o lita n a r e a s
stu d ied in to one b u lle tin . The s e c o n d p a rt p r e s e n ts i n f o r ­
m a tion w h ich has b e e n p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p olita n a r e a data to re la te to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U nited S tates. The tw o -p a r t b u lletin is lim ite d to Standard
M e tr o p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a s and, t h e r e fo r e ,
e x clu d e s
B u rlin g ton .

In trod u ction ___________________________________________________________________




Occupational Wage Survey—Burlington, Vt.
Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ich the U. S. D ep a rtm en t o f L a b or*s
B u rea u o f L a b o r S ta tistic s con d u cts su r v e y s o f o c cu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s
and r e la te d w age b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , data
w e r e ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v is it s o f B u rea u fie ld e c o n o m is t s to r e p ­
r e s e n ta tiv e e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M anu­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s ;
w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u stry g rou p s e x clu d e d fr o m th e se stu d ies a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n s tr u c tio n and e x tr a c tiv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts having fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e they tend to fu rn ish in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c cu p a tio n s stu d ied to w a rra n t in c lu s io n .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e
p r o v id e d fo r ea ch o f the b r o a d in d u stry d iv is io n s w h ich m e e t p u b­
lic a t io n c r it e r i a .

s c h e d u le s (rou n d ed to the n e a r e s t h a lf h ou r) f o r w h ich s t r a ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e pa id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s fo r th e se o c cu p a tio n s have
b een rou n ded to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a te s .
In d u s tr ie s and e sta b lis h m e n ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g and,
th u s, co n trib u te d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r ea ch jo b .
The pay
re la tio n s h ip ob ta in a b le fr o m the a v e r a g e s m a y fa il to r e fle c t a c c u r a t e ly
the w a g e s p re a d o r d iffe r e n t ia l m a in ta in ed am ong jo b s in in div idu al
e sta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d iffe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en
and w om en in any o f the s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n s should not be a s su m e d to
r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay tre a tm e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u al e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts . O th er p o s s ib le fa c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib u te to d if f e r ­
e n c e s in pay f o r m en and w om en in clu d e : D iffe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d ra te r a n g e s , s in c e on ly the a ctu a l ra te s paid in ­
cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d iffe r e n c e s in s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia te ly c la s s ifi e d w ithin the sa m e
su r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip tio n s u se d in c la s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u su a lly m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts in the s p e c ific d u ties p e r fo r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a sa m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in su rv ey in g a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r p r o p o r t io n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll esta b lis h m e n ts is stu d ied . In co m b in in g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iven th e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a te s b a s e d on the e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied a r e p r e s e n te d , t h e r e fo r e ,
as r e la tin g to a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts in the in d u stry g rou p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o se b e lo w the m in im u m s iz e stu d ied .

O ccu p a tion a l e m p loy m en t e s tim a te s r e p r e s e n t the total in a ll
e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m ber a ctu a lly
su r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re am ong e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , the e s tim a te s o f o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t obtain ed fr o m
the sa m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts stu d ied s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e
im p o r ta n c e o f the jo b s stu d ied .
T h e s e d iffe r e n c e s in o ccu p a tio n a l
str u c tu r e do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the ea rn in g s data.

O cc u p a tio n s and E a rn in gs
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d fo r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty
o f m a n u fa ctu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
( l ) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in ten a n ce and p o w e rp la n t; and (4) c u s to d ia l and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m en t.
O ccu p a tion a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m set o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to take a cco u n t o f in te r e sta b lis h m e n t v a r ia tio n
in d u ties w ith in the sa m e jo b .
The o c cu p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d in ap pendix B .
E a rn in g s data fo r so m e o f
the o c cu p a tio n s lis t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e not p r e s e n te d in the A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e ith e r ( l ) em p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n is to o sm a ll
to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2) th e r e is p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d is c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al e sta b lis h m e n t data.

E sta b lis h m e n t P r a c t ic e s and S u p p lem en tary W age P r o v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s as they
r e la te to o f f ic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tr a tiv e , e x e c u tiv e , and
p r o fe s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s who
a r e u tiliz e d as a se p a r a te w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clu d e d . "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and non s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la te d fu n c tio n s.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " in clu d e w ork in g f o r e ­
m en and a ll n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d m en and tr a in e e s )
en ga ged in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s. C a fe te r ia w o r k e r s and rou tem en a r e
e x clu d e d in m a n u factu rin g in d u s tr ie s , but in clu d e d in n on m an u fa ctu r­
ing in d u s tr ie s .

O ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t and e a rn in g s data a r e show n fo r
fu ll-t im e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o se h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly sch ed u le
in the g iven o c cu p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a rn in g s data e x clu d e p r e ­
m iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la te s h ifts.
N on p rod u ction b o n u se s a r e e x clu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b on u ses and in ce n tiv e e a rn in g s a r e in clu d e d . W h ere w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) r e la te on ly to the e s ­
ta b lish m e n ts v is it e d . T h ey a r e p r e s e n te d in te r m s o f e sta b lish m en ts
w ith fo r m a l m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y p o li c ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a r e lim ite d to plant w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa ctu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f (1) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to ta l plant
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In e sta b lis h m e n ts h aving v a r ie d d iffe r e n t ia ls , the am ount
ap plyin g to a m a jo r it y w as u se d o r , i f no am ount a p p lied to a m a jo r it y ,
the c la s s ifi c a t io n " o t h e r " w as u se d . In e sta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich so m e
la t e -s h ift h o u rs a r e paid at n o r m a l r a te s , a d iffe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
on ly i f it ap p lied to a m a jo r it y o f the sh ift h o u r s .
The s ch e d u le d w eek ly h o u r s (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e sta b lis h m e n t a r e tabu lated as ap plyin g to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s o f that e sta b lis h m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
paid v a c a tio n s ; h ealth, in s u r a n ce , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and p r o fit -s h a r in g
p la n s (ta b le s B - 4 th rou gh B -8 ) a r e tr e a te d s t a t is t ic a lly on the b a s is
that th e se a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll pla n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
o f su ch w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y ev en tu a lly q u a lify fo r the p r a c ­
t ic e s lis te d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B -2 th rou g h B - 8 m ay
not equ al tota ls b e c a u s e o f roun din g.
D ata on paid h o lid a y s (ta b le B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to data on
h o lid a y s g ra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s i s ; i. e . , (1) a r e p r o v id e d
fo r in w ritte n fo r m , o r (2) h ave b e e n e s ta b lis h e d by c u s to m . H olid ay s
o r d in a r ily gra n ted a r e in clu d ed ev en though they m a y fa ll on a n on ­
w ork d a y, ev en i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n ted an oth er day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts the n u m ber o f w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n ted . The s e c o n d p a rt c o m b in e s w h ole and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow tota l h olid a y t im e .
The su m m a ry o f v a c a tio n plan s (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o li c ie s , ex clu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e re b y tim e o ff
w ith pay is g ra n ted at the d is c r e t i o n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S ep a ra te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in com p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m en ts, su ch as tim e p a ym en ts, p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s,
o r fla t -s u m a m ou n ts.
H ow e v e r, in the ta bu la tion s o f v a c a tio n pay,
p a y m en ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
e x a m p le , a p a y m en t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d
as the e q u iv a len t o f 1 week* s p a y.
D ata a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h ealth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n
plan s (ta b le s B -6 and B -7 ) fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is
b o r n e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p tin g on ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n t s su ch as
w o r k m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
Such p la n s in clu d e th ose u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n ce
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




co m p a n y and th o se p r o v id e d th rou g h a u nion fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r fr o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D eath b e n e fits a r e in clu d e d as a fo r m o f life
in s u r a n ce .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce is lim ite d to that type o f
in s u r a n ce u n d er w h ich p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h p a y m en ts a r e m a d e d ir e c t ly
to the in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m on th ly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
In fo rm a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll su ch plan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w e v e r, in N ew Y.ork and N ew J e r s e y , w h ich
h ave en a cted te m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n tr ib u tio n s , 2 p la n s a r e in clu d e d on ly if the e m p lo y e r (1) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a lly r e q u ir e d , o r (2) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ich e x c e e d the r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T ab u lation s
o f paid s ic k le a v e pla n s a r e lim ite d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the w o r k e r 's pay d u rin g a b s e n c e fr o m w ork
b e c a u s e o f ill n e s s .
S ep a ra te ta b u la tion s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1) p la n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pa y and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans
w h ich p r o v id e e ith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aitin g p e r io d .
In a d dition
to the p r e s e n ta tio n o f the p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n ce o r pa id s ic k le a v e , an undu plicated
to ta l is sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
C a ta str o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as exten ded
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in clu d e s th ose pla n s w h ich a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o te c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju ry in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s beyon d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to pla n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a rtia l
p a ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s .
Such pla n s m a y b e u n d e rw ritte n by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r they m ay
be s e l f-in s u r e d . T a b u la tion s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e lim ite d
to th o se pla n s that p r o v id e m on th ly p a y m en ts f o r the r e m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .
P r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s (ta b le B -8 ) a r e lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
w ith d e fin ite fo r m u la s f o r com p u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
a m on g e m p lo y e e s and w h ose fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ica te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in ad va n ce o f the d e te r m in a tio n o f p r o fit s . D ata are p re se n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s f o r d is tr ib u tin g p r o fit s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
(1) C u r re n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit s h a r e s w ith in a sh o r t p e r io d
a fte r d e te r m in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (2) d e fe r r e d d is tr ib u tio n o f p r o fit sh a re s
a fte r a s p e c ifie d n u m b er o f y e a r s o r at r e t ir e m e n t ; (3) co m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e fe r r e d p la n s ; and (4) e le c t iv e d is tr ib u tio n p la n s, under
w h ich e a ch p a rticip a n t is r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t w h eth er to take h is sh a re
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r 's p r o fit in c a sh , h ave it d e fe r r e d , o r p a rt in c a s h
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d n u m b e r s t u d ie d in B u r li n g t o n , V t .,

I n d u s t r y d i v is i o n

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f s tu d y

b y m a jo r in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 M a r c h 1965

N u m b e r o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in
scope of
s tu d y 1
3
2

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s tu d y

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
T ota l 4

O ffic e

P la n t

T o ta l4

A l l d i v i s i o n s _______________________________________________________

_

37

37

5, 6 10

1, 100

3, 4 00

5, 6 10

M a n u fa c t u r in g _____________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g ________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 ______________________________________
W h o l e s a le t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e ____________________________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v i c e s 8 _______________________________________________________

50

18
19

18
19

3, 780
1 ,8 3 0

6 00
500

2, 4 00
1 ,0 0 0

3, 780
1 ,8 3 0

5

5

800

200

-

-

-

-

500
_

9
3
2

9
3
2

800
_
590
320
120

-

50
50
50
50
50

590
320
120

(*)

(6 7
)

(6)

( 6)

0

1 T h e B u r lin g t o n a r e a c o n s i s t s o f B u r li n g t o n , E s s e x J u n c t io n , Sou th B u r li n g t o n , a n d W i n o o s k i in C h it t e n d o n C o u n t y . T h e " w o r k e r s w it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v id e a
r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s i t i o n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in the s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n ot in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , t o s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t
in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r io d
s t u d ie d , a n d (2 ) s m a ll e s t a b l is h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a r d I n d u s t r ia l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l is h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l is h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t at o r a b o v e th e m in i m u m li m it a t io n . A l l o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s in s u c h i n d u s t r ie s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e ,
a u to r e p a i r
s e r v ic e ,
an d m o t io n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l is h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s e x e c u t i v e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c l u d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e o f f i c e an d p la n t c a t e g o r i e s .
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n w e r e e x c l u d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , a n d f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a ta f o r th is d i v i s i o n is n ot m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo l lo w i n g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a ta t o m e r i t s e p a r a t e s tu d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s
n o t d e s ig n e d i n it ia l ly to p e r m it s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u f f ic i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n , an d (4 ) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s t a b l is h m e n t d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m t h is e n t ir e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u fa c t u r i n g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s , b u t f r o m th e r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly
in e s t i m a t e s
f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " in th e S e r i e s B t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d a ta f o r t h is d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in f o o t n o t e 6 a b o v e .
8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fi t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s and c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; and e n g in e e r in g
an d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




A. Occupational Earnings
Tabic A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1 9 65 )
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex,

occup ation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

N um ber of w o rk e rs receiv in g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

Number
of
workers

( standard)

$

45
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

50

55

60

55

6C

65

1

2

1

7
7

6
6

_

_

and
under

50

CF F ICE

BUYS

$

$

$

61.00

62.50

5 7 .0C-

71.00

-

38 .5
39.5
38.0

66.00
81.00
60.00

64.00
83.50
61.00

5 9 .0C75.0057.50-

74.00
92.50
65.50

-

40.C

6

38.5

25
7

$

kPN
uE
8 C C KK E E P I NC- MACR I Nt O P E R A T OR S ,
CLASS 0 ------------------------------------MANCFACTOR I N G ---------------------N C K Y A N U F A C T L R I N G -----------------

lfc

6

3 9 .0

6

40.5

95.00
9 2.00
97.50

96.00
94.00
101 .0 0

62
1L
52

3 E. 0
40.0
38 .0

72.00
74.00
72.00

72.00
77.50
71.00

61.0059.5061.00-

88.00
88.00
8 9 . 0C

12
5

3 8 .5
38 . C

8 0 . 5C
8U.50

89.00
88.50

63.0062.50-

93.50
94.00

8

38.5

61.00

62.00

5 9 . 0C -

AEYPJNCE o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s
NC NY AN U F A C T L R T u G ----------

39.0
38.5

68.00
63.00

64.00
6 2.50

59.5058.50-

73.00
70.00

S t C R t T A R I E S ----------------M A N I E A c T U R I N G -------N L A M AN U F AC 1 On 1 NG —
POOL 1C UT IL IT IE S3

52
31
21

98.00
1C 3 . 0 0
90.00
99.50

97.00
106 .5 0
93.50
1C 5. 00

_

64.50

1C
7

1

C L E R K S , ACCCCN T I N u , CL ASS A
M AN CF ACT C K I N C ------------------N C M A N U F A t T C R I : \ C -------------

12

C L E R K S , ACC OUNT I NG, CL4S
MA N U F A c I L k I N G -----------NCN'Y ArnjF AC I LR I N C -----CL £ k K b , P A Y k u L L -----NCis V AN U E A C T CK INC
CCPPTCYETER

OPE R AT OR S

-

4
2
2

3
3

7
3
4

-

5

5

10
4
6

-

-

2
2

2
1

-

3

4

_

3
3

1
1

3
3

3
2

-

5
-

-

_

"
-

_

-

-

1
1

6

-

12

40.0

86.50

51.50

81.00-

9 5 . 0C

-

-

1

OPE RA TQk - R EC E P T I C M S T S -

6

39. 0

7 0 . 5C

76.00

64.50-

79.00

-

-

17
13

39.5
40.0

66.00
67.50

64.00
65.00

5 9 . 0C6C.50-

7 7 . 5C
82.50

_

2
1

5

11

-

~

--------------------

UENERAL

T Y P I S 1 S , CLASS 3
MANCEACTGKI NG

83.00-113.00
8 5 . C 0 - 1 2 0 . 00
77.50-104.00
84.00-118.00

-

38 .5
39.5
37 .5
39 .0

SIENLLRAPEEKS,
S * IT C E e L A R L

85.C0-1C3.00
89.50-101.00
8 9 . 50-1G7.50

-

1

-

2
3
2

5
4

1 S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t t h e w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a nd t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d t o t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
The m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g t h e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d i a n d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f the e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e
than the r a te s h o w n ; h alf r e c e i v e l e s s than the r a te s h o w n .
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a f o u r t h o f t h e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t he l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n t he
h ig h e r rate.
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t il it ie s .




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

S a l a r i e s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l and
from
this r e p o r t .
Data d o

tech n ica l w o r k e r s a r e om itted
not m e e t p u b l i c a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

5

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations-M en and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B u r lin g to n , V t. , M a r c h 1965)

O cc u p a t io n and in dus tr y d i v is i o n

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS E ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

38.5
39.5
38.0

7
18

$
66.00
81.00
6 0.00

6e
12
56

38.5
39.5
38.0

73.00
78.50
7 2.00

---------------------------------------------------------

6

40.0

71.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

17
8
9

28.5
39.0
38.0

83.50
87.00
8 0.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------CLERKS,

1
2
3

URCEK

Number
of
workers

O cc u p a t io n and ind ust ry di v is i o n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 2 earnings 2
(standard) (standard)

25

Average

Average

Average
Number
of

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

Number
of

O cc up a t io n and in du st r y d i v is i o n

$
6 1.00

Weekly
hours 2
(standard)

8

38.5

40.0

$
86.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 -------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1C
7

OFFICE BOYS ANC GIRLS --------------------------------------

6

39.0
38.5
CLASS
38.5

6

3 9. 0

7C.50

6

39.0

82.00

17
13

39.5
40.0

66.00
67.50

12

STENOGRAPHERS,

6 8.00
63.00

GENERAL

TAEULAT ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
B

----------------------------------------------------------------------

6 1 . CO

38.5
39.5
37.5
39.0

52
31
21
6

SEC RE TARIES -------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L IT I E S 3---------------------------

--------------------------------

Sft IT CF6U ARC OPERATCR-RECEPTICNISTS-

-----------------------------------

COMPTOMETER GPERATORS

Weekly
earnings 2
(standard)

TYPISTS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURINC

9 8.00
103.00
90.00
99.50

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S a la r ie s o f p r o fe s s io n a l and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d fr o m th is r e p o r t . D ata do not m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .
S ta n da rd h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b as is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B u r lin g to n , V t. , M a r c h 1965)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 1

O c c u p a t io n and in d u str y d iv is io n

1---- 1
Me; t2

M e d ian 2

Middle range'

t

*

1.7 0

Number
of
workers

1 .8 0

1 .90

2 . 0 0 2 .1 C

1 .90

2 . PC 2 . 1 0

$
2 .4 2
2.42

$
2 .5 5
2 .5 5

$
1 .9 5 1 .9 5 -

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING-----------------

7
7

2 .6 5
2 .6 5

2 .7 9
2 .7 9

2 .3 9 2 .3 9 -

0

2 .4 5

2.48

2 .4 4 -

2.5 2
2.5 2

2 .5 9
2 .5 9

2 .1 8 2 .1 8 -

2 .9 5
2 .9 5

2 .8 7
2 .8 5

2 .8 0
2 .5 9

2 .3 1 2 .2 9 -

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

$

$

2 .3 C

$

2 .5 0

2 . A0 2 . 5 0

2 .5 4

11
11

2 .2 C

2 .9 9
2 .9 9

FIREMEN,

$

2 .3 0 2 .4 C

2 .6 0 2 .7 0

$

2 .8 0 2.9 0

$

$

3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

$

s

$

2 .7 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

-

1
1

1

-

2

1
1

-

I

$

3 .3 0

3 .4 C 3 .5 C

I

3.6 C

$

4
4

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .3 0

3 .5 0

3.7C

3 .4 0

3 .6 C

$

6
6

$
2.2 0

and
u n d er
1 .80

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING-------------

s

STATIONARY BOILER

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

i

1
1

1
1

1
1

4
4
-

-

-

1
1

3
3

1
1

2
2

-

-

?

3

1
1
-

-

1

7

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pa y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




3
3

2
2

1
1

1

1

2

2

2
2

1
1

6

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u str y d iv is io n , B u r lin g to n , V t. , M a r c h 1965)
Hourly earnings1
2

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t im e h ou r ly ea rn in gs o f—
$
1.10

$
1.2C

t
1.30

$
$
1 . 4 C 1,. 50

$
1.6 0

t
1.70

$
1 .8 0

$
1.90

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

$
2 .4 0

$

t

2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

S
2 .8 0

1
2 .9 C

1
31.00

%

2 .5 0

1.20

1.30

1 .4 0

1.5C

1,,6C

1 .7 C

l . 8C 1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2.30

2 .4 C

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9C

3.0 0

3M 0

over

1
1

2
2

5
2
3

5
3
2

3
2
1

6
4
2

5
1
4

5
5

2
1
1

16
16

l
1

_
-

2
1
1

2
1
1

5
5
-

2
I
1

_
-

4
4
-

3
2
1

_
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

_

-

1
1

-

3
3

-

“

“

_

_

_

_

4
4

3
3

_

1
1

1
1

7
7

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

1

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

_

1
1

2

2
l

_

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

-

2

5
1 .0 0
ers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
und er
1 .1 0

JAMT CKS, PUTTERS, ANC CLEANERS-----MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NCNRANUFACTLR I N G --------------------------------

5C
34
16

$
1.7 3
1.8 3
1.51

$
1 .7 7
1.9 5
1.5 5

$
1 .5 0 1 .6 4 1 .3 4 -

$
2.03
2 .0 5
1.74

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

27
15
8

1 .9 7
1.91
2.1 2

1 .9 5
1.9 5
1.9 0

1 .6 4 1 .6 6 1 .5 3 -

2 .2 5
2 .2 3
2 .5 6

20
20

2 .0 9
2.09

2.2 2
2 .2 2

1 .7 4 1 .7 4 -

2 .3 C
2 .3 C

-

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------

10

2.0 6

2 .2 2

1 .9 0 -

2.3 3

SHIPPING CLtKKS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

12
11

2.36
2.3 7

2 .2 8
2 .2 9

2 .1 1 2 .0 9 -

2.5 5
2.55

and

_
-

PACK E
H
S H I P P I N G -----------------------------------MANCFACTUK IiMG--------------------------------------

A,\C RECEIVING C L E R K S ----------

6

2 .2 9

2 .1 5

1 .7 8 -

31
13

2.42
2.2 0

2 .5 3
2.1 9

1 .9 9 2 .0 5 -

2 .5 5
2.4 5

1

SHIPPING

-

-

-

_

_

-

1
_

-

-

1
1

1

-

1

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

_

_

4
4

2
2

1
1

_

_

2
2

3
3

-

1

-

-

-

-

2
2

_

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

4
~

_

~

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

1
1

1

_

_

_

~

8

2.06

1 .7 5

1 .5 6 -

2 .7 8

-

-

-

-

A

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) ---------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

7
7

2.05
2 .0 5

2 .2 5
2 .2 5

1 .7 5 1 .7 9 -

2 .4 5
2.45

-

_

_

1
1

_

_

D ata lim it e d to m en w o r k e r s .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
F o r d e fin it io n o f t e r m s , se e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
I n clu d e s a ll d r iv e r s r e g a r d le s s o f s iz e and ty p e o f t r u c k o p e r a t e d .




and la te s h ift s .

~

“

1
1

-

~

~

-

-

_

TRUCKERIVERS, MEOIUM 1 1 - 1 / 2 TC
ANE INCLUDING A T C N S ) ---------------------

1
2
3
4

-

-

-

3 .0 3

TRUCKER 1VERS 4 --------------------------------------------MANUFALTURING --------------------------------------

"

-

3 .1 0

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

~

~

-

-

1

1

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

13
“

-

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

~

7

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage

--i-

Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office W > k
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l is h m e n t s s t u d ie d in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m in i m u m e n t r a n
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B u r li n g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1965)

• s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
*

I n e x p e rie n ce d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c t u r in g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k ly h o u r s

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s t a b li s h m e n t s s t u d i e d _____

__

________

________________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m _____
$ 4 5 .0 0
$ 4 7 .5 0
$ 5 0 .0 0
$ 5 2 .5 0
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 .5 0
$ 6 5 .0 0
$ 6 7 .5 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
an d
and
an d

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

__________________

E s t a b li s h m e n t s w h ic h d id n o t e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in t h is c a t e g o r y
__ _____ _
_ _ _ ___ _

_____

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3

M a n u fa c t u r in g
A ll
in d u s t r ie s

o f—

40

A ll
s c h e d u le s

3

o f—
40

_

37

18

XXX

19

XXX

37

18

XXX

19

XXX

5

5

3

2

12

6

6

6

3

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

_
-

4
-

2

_
3
-

_
3
_

7
-

1

_
4
_

_
_
3
-

2

2

2

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

_

1
-

1
-

1

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1
_

_
_

-

-

1

1

1

-

1

1

1

•

7

3

XXX

4

XXX

22

10

XXX

12

XXX

22

10

XXX

12

XXX

3

2

XXX

1

XXX

T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b l is h e d m in im u m s t a r t i n g (h ir in g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




B a s e d o n sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs
A ll
s c h e d u le s

40

2

N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

8

_

$ 4 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
$ 5 0 .0 0 _ _ _______ ________ ___________ _
$ 5 2 .5 0 __ ___ ___ _______________
$ 5 5 .0 0 _______ __ ______________________
$ 5 7 . 5 0 _____________________________________
$ 6 0 .0 0 _ _ ______________
________ ___
$ 6 2 .5 0 ____________________________________
$ 6 5 .0 0 . _
. . .
.........
$ 6 7 .5 0
_ ...
...............
$ 7 0 .0 0
_
..... ......... .........

E s t a b li s h m e n t s h a v in g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m

O th er in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g

sta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

8

T a b le B-2.

Shift D ifferen tials

(S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B u r li n g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c t u r in g p la n t w o r k e r s —
In e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a l ly w o r k in g o n —

S e c o n d s h ift

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

T o t a l ___________________________________________________

76. 5

6 5. 1

9.

0

2. 7

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l

6 3. 9

63. 4

5. 2

2. 4

32. 2

35.

8

2. 0

1. 5

3. 6
. 7
8. 5

1. 0
. 2

_ _
_

..

.......

U n ifo r m c e n t s ( p e r h o u r l
5 c e n t s ___
_
_ ..
___ _
_
7 c e n t s _________________________________________
10 ce n ts
. . . . . . . . .
_
_
.. _
2 0 c e n t s __
30 c e n t s _
_ ................... __

3. 6
. 7
4. 9
2 3. 0
31. 7

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e .

23. 0
2 7.

_

.
.
-

.

6

_

.9

2
6

.
_

2 2 .9
4. 7

. 5
2. 6
-

.
-

12. 6

W ith n o s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l _____________________

3. 1

4. 7
26. 9
-

7 7 2 p e r c e n t ____________________________________
1 0 p e r c e n t __
_
......... . ...
15 p e r c e n t __________________________ _________

6

1. 7

3 .9

. 3

1
I n c lu d e s e s t a b l is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e
e v e n th o u g h t h e y w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g la t e s h i ft s .

_

s h ifts ,

and e s t a b l is h m e n t s w it h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

8

8

co v e rin g

la t e

s h i ft s

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B u r li n g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1965)
P LAN T W O RK ERS

OFFICE W ORKERS

W e e k ly h o u r s
All industries1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

h o u r s ________________________________________________

2

_

_

14
13
70

7
-

10

36 h o u r s
________________________________ ____________
3 7 Vz h o u r s _________________ ___________________________
4 0 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 2 h o u r s ________________________
4 2 h o u r s ________________________________________________
43 h o u r s ________________________________________________
4 4 h o u r s _____________________________________ ________
45 h o u r s ____________________________________ __________
4 8 h o u r s ___________________________________________ _
_

3
-

-

-

35

1
2
3
4

96

67
33

(4 )

-

-

1

-

-

1

“

1

~

I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a t a f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




-

80
3
3

-

-

89
-

68

1

2

1

-

1

4

sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .

100

23
9
~

9

T ab le B-4.

P aid H oliday s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , B u r li n g t o n , V t ., M a r c h 1965)
P LA N T W ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

I te m
All industrial1

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

95

95

100

'

5

5

"

_

.

-

-

7
2
67
25

1
5
13
7
37
3
21
6
3

25
91
93
93
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
9
30
30
32
69
76
89
94
95

*

N um ber of days

1 h o l i d a y . ____________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s ____________________________ ____ ____________
6 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
7 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
8 h o l i d a y s -------------------------------------------------------------------8 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
9 h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________
11 h o l id a y s ___________________________________________
12 h o l i d a y s ___ _____________________________________

(4)
(4 )
5

(4)
9

30
(4)
14
30
10

6
1
14
53
1
26
"

-

.

.

-

23
9
44
24

9
10
45
4
28
-

T o t a l h o l id a y t im e

12 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------11 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________
9 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 V2 d a y s o r m o r e ___________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
6 V2 d a y s o r m o r e __ _______________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e _______________________________________

1
2
3
4

10
40
54
55
85
94
94
99
100
100

_

26
27
80
93
94
100
100
100

I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .

_
28
28
31
77

86
95
95
95

24
68
77
77
77
77
77
77

100
100

10

T a b le B-5.

P aid V a c a tio n s1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B u r li n g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1 965)

PLA N T W O RK ERS

OFFICE W ORKERS

V a ca tio n p o lic y
All industrial2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100

A ll w o r k e r s —

100
100

100
100

100
94
6

100
91
9

100
100

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid v a ca tion s
L e n g th -o f-tim e paym ent
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t-------------------------------------------O ther
W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a ca tion s

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
25
2
6

16
33
-

44

1
65
34

_
70
30

32
68

98

1
32
27
40

_
27
38
35

68

„
2
_
98

1
25
24
50

24
32
44

2
98

1
25
24
50

24
32
44

10
2
84
4

10
3
82
5

Am ount o f v a ca tio n pay 5
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e

_
32
_
1

4
_
67

91

_
10
90

2
98

( 6)
6
1
93

7
2
91

( 6)
3
1
96

3
2
96

( 6)
3
1
96

3
2
96

1
( 6)
98
1

1
97
2

1
32
10
12

U nder 1 w eek —------- -------------—------- ---------- -----------1 w eek — — —-----------------------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w ee k s
2 w e e k s __ — —— -----------------------------------------------------

_

9
_

_

A fte r 1 y ea r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
—
1 w eek '
2 w e e k s ___ ________ ____ ________________ ___ ________

( 6)
8

_

_

A fter 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w e e k s __ _________ _____ — ___________________ __ _

_

_
2
-

32

_

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and under 2 w ee k s
2 w eek s

_

.
32

_

68

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek
1 w eek—
O v er 1 and under 2 w eek s
2 w eek s

_

_
32

_

68

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------O v er 1 and under 2 w ee k s
2 w eek s
3 w eek s _

See foo tn o te s at end o f table.




_
-

100

_
100

11

T a b le B-5.

Paid V a c a tio n s1— C ontinued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r c h 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

P LA N T W O RK ER8

V a c a t io n p o l i c y
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Publie utilities 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t in u e d

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

1

13
(6)

86

_

_

20

2

1

79

_
98

10

10

32
3
55

31
4
55

_
9
_
91

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1

w e e k _________________________________________________

_

1

2 w e e k s ________________________________________________

11

O v e r 2 an d u n d e r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

86

3

16
5
79

2
98

10

10

28
55

26
9
55

10

10

17
73

11

6

_
9
_
91

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _______ _______ _____________________________
3 w e e k s _______________________________________________
1

1

8
91

_
11

89

_

2
98

79

_
9
91

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
w e e k ________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ___________ _____ _______________________________
3 w e e k s ---------------------- ------------ ------------------------------------4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------1

1
8
51
41

_

_

1
1

2

17
73

91
7

10

10

.

17
37
36

11

9

33
47

68
23

A f t e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------.------------------------------------3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

1
8
28
64

_

_

1
1

2

16
74

-

10

10
11

_

98

17
26
47

.

_

10

_

2

10

1
1

17
26
47

1
1

9

32
48

91

32
48

9
_

91

A f t e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e

1 w e e k _________________________________________________
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------3 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------- ----------------4 w e e k s ________________________________________________

1
8
28
64

16
74

-

98

_

1 I n c lu d e s b a s i c p la n s o n ly .
E x c l u d e s p la n s s u c h a s v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s an d t h o s e p la n s w h ic h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a lify in g le n g t h s
o f s e r v ic e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in th e s t e e l , a lu m in u m , a n d c a n in d u s t r i e s .
2 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a il t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to a n e q u iv a le n t t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n and d o n ot n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s
in p r o p o r t io n s in d ic a t e d a t 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u l a t i v e .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r
5 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e w h o r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s than 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




12

T a b le B-6.

H ealth, Insurance, and Pension P lan s

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f it s , 1 B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r c h 196 5)

OFFICE W O RK ERS

P LAN T W O RK ERS

T y p e o f b e n e fit
All industries13
24

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries

4

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

3

100

100

100

100

100

L if e i n s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------------------A c c i d e n t a l d e a th a n d d i s m e m b e r m e n t
in s u r a n c e —
----- — —
S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o t h 5 _____________________________

98

99

100

95

100

66

65

91

47

49

77

88

98

100

92

97

100

S ic k n e s s a n d a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e ----------------S ic k le a v e ( f u ll p a y a n d n o
w a it in g p e r i o d ) --------------------- ------------------------S ic k l e a v e (p a r t ia l p a y o r
w a it in g p e r i o d ) -----------------------------------------------

64

77

33

65

74

56

67

74

93

26

25

33

“

7

12

-

67

99
79
76
97
96

100

94
77
64
73
73

100

100

77
61
74
80

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g :

H o s p i t a l iz a t io n in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------S u r g i c a l in s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e -----------------------------------------------C a t a s t r o p h e in s u r a n c e ----------------------------------------R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n --------------------------------------------N o h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n p l a n ---------

2
98
87
84
97
95
( 6)

1

100

98
98
94

2

100

91
91

1 I n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t h o s e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d ,
s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , a n d r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
2 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d
r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y
d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s an d a c c i d e n t in s u r a n c e
s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h
at l e a s t
th e m in i m u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s i c k le a v e a ll o w a n c e s d e t e r m in e d o n a n in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
6 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .




13

T a b le B-7.

P aid Sick L eave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 1 965)
P LANT W ORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS

S ic k le a v e p r o v i s i o n
All industries1

A l l w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------

-------

-

---------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
f o r m a l p a id s i c k l e a v e ____________________________
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
n o f o r m a l p a id s i c k l e a v e ----------------------------------------------

100. 0

Public utilities2

Manufacturing

100

.

0

100. 0

100. 0

.

2

7 3 .9

30.

8

26.

69

All industries3

1

100. 0

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100. 0

1 0 0 .0

38.

8

25. 0

.

2

75. 0

23. 3
23. 3
.9
3. 2
1. 2
1. 8

25. 0
2 5. 0
1. 3
. 7
-

-

23. 0

_

61

-

100. 0

T y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a id s i c k
l e a v e p r o v id e d a n n u a lly

U n if o r m p la n : 4
N o w a it in g p e r i o d ------------------------------------------------------------F u l l p a y ____________________________________ ___
4 d a y s ______________________________________
5 d a y s _______________ ____________________________
6 d a y s ________________________________________________
10 days
_ _
2 0 d a y s -------- ----------------- —
---------- _
1 30 d a y s ------------------------------------------------ — — W a it in g p e r i o d , f u l l p a y ------------------------------------

5 0. 1
50. 1

. 8

73. 9
73. 9
. 5
1. 2

9. 3
28. 1
11. 0

5 1. 8
2 0. 4

-

.9

1. 5
1. 5
1. 5
-

-

-

9. 3
9. 3
_

9. 3
-

1 8.
4.
3.
.
1 3.
1.
1.
-

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 4— A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a it in g p e r i o d -----------------------------------------------F u ll p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y 5 ---------------------- 50 d a y s _____________________________________
55 d a y s ------ — ----------------------------- _
65 d a y s ------------ -------------- —
— ------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ________ _________ _
_ ___

1 9. 1
17. 8
4 .9
. 7
12. 2
1. 3

0

5
7
7
5
1
1

16. 2

-

-

G r a d u a t e d p l a n 4— A f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e :
N o w a it in g p e r i o d ______ _____________ _____ _
F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y 5 -------------------------5 days — —
___________________ __ _
10 d a y s—
--------- ----- . . . . . . . _______
P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ----------------------------- -----------W a it in g p e r i o d -----------------------------------------------------F u ll p a y ________________________________________
P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ------------ — - — ------------

-

-

2. 4

-

-

-

98. 5
24. 6
20. 5
4. 1
73. 8
-

6. 2
3. 1
1. 9

-

46.
2 3.
14.
9.
23.
44.
44.

1 .2

3. 1
6 .9
1. 0
5. 9

-

-

98.
91.
20.
4.
66.
7.

-

■

-

13. 1

-

10. 0

5
3
5
1
7
2

-

-

2 .9
1. 2
5 .9
3. 1

90.
67.
14.
9.
44.
23.

-

-

7
6

3
3
1
1
1

7
6

3
3
1
1

P r o v is io n s f o r a ccu m u la tio n

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r a ccu m u la tio n
o f u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e — ___
_________

________

*

I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
" U n i f o r m p l a n s " a r e d e f in e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ic h a n e m p l o y e e , a f t e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , is e n t it l e d t o th e s a m e n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a id s i c k l e a v e e a c h y e a r . " G r a d u a t e d
p l a n s " a r e d e f in e d a s t h o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d e r w h ic h a n e m p l o y e e 's le a v e v a r i e s a c c o r d i n g to le n g t h o f s e r v i c e . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o s e n . E s t i m a t e s r e f l e c t p r o v i s i o n s a p p l ic a b l e
at the s t a t e d le n g t h o f s e r v i c e b u t d o n o t r e f l e c t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 15 d a y s ' s i c k le a v e a f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a l s o r e c e i v e t h is a m o u n t a f t e r
g r e a t e r o f l e s s e r le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
4

N u m b e r s o f d a y s sh o w n u n d e r " F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y " a r e d a y s f o r w h ic h w o r k e r s




r e c e iv e

s ic k le a v e

at f u l l p a y ;

w ork ers

a re

e n t it l e d to a d d it io n a l d a y s o f s i c k

le a v e

at p a r t i a l p a y .

14

T a b le B-8.

P rofit-Sharing P lan s

( P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s , 1
b y ty p e o f p la n , B u r lin g t o n , V t . , M a r c h 196 5)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P LA N T W O RK ERS

T y p e o f p la n
All industries 2

Manufacturing

100

7

8

-

-

-

-

Public utilities 3

10

-

100

5

-

.

Manufacturing

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g
p - r n f it _ sV» a r i n g p l a n s . ............

Public utilities1
3
2

All industries 4

100

100

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r c u r r e n t

P la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r d e f e r r e d
5

8

10

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r b o t h c u r r e n t
a n d d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n _____________________

-

P la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r e m p l o y e e 's
c h o i c e o f m e t h o d o f d i s t r i b u t i o n --------------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

95

93

100

92

90

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g

1 T h e s t u d y w a s l i m i t e d t o f o r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v in g e s t a b l i s h e d f o r m u l a s f o r th e a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s a m o n g e m p l o y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d t o th e e m p l o y e e s in
a d v a n c e o f th e d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o f i t s ; (3) th a t r e p r e s e n t a c o m m i t m e n t b y th e c o m p a n y t o m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n t r ib u t io n s b a s e d o n p r o f i t s ; a n d (4 ) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x t e n d s t o a m a j o r i t y o f the
o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s .
2
I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
3
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
4 I n c l u d e s d a ta f o r r e t a i l t r a d e ,
r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d it io n t o t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

15




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FF IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shioDinsr charges and entrv of necessarv extensions
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

17

18
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

19
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (’’Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c alls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

20
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRffilNG-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

21
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work ass Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard diop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a. formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




22
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment* Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience*

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis*

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption* May also supervise
these operations* Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded*

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions* May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils* For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification*
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam* Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment*
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the woiking properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment* In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

23
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts# In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment#

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required# Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush#
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience#
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded#
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order#
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumbers snake# In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

24
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVE ME NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

25
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1Y2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves? Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech*
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presen ted below. A d ir e c to ry indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p r ic e s of the bulletins is
available on requ est. Bulletins m a y b e purchased fro m the Superintendent of D ocum ents, U.S. Governm ent Printing O ffice, Washington, D .C ., 20402,
or fr o m any of the BLS region al sales o ffic e s shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1----------------- --------------------------AlbanyHSchenectady— roy , N. Y ., M ar. 1964 1_______
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 1964 1___________________
Allentown— ethlehem —
B
Easton, P a.— .J., Feb. 1965-.
N
Atlanta, G a ., May 1964 1 _____________________________
B a ltim ore, M d ., Nov. 19641 _________________________
Beaum ont— ort Arthur, T ex ., May 1964 1___________
P
B irm ingham , A la., Apr. 1964 1_______________________
B oise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1 ___________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B uffalo, N .Y ., D ec. 19641-------------------------------Burlington, V t., M ar. 1965 1 --------------------------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1_______ -____-— -_____
C harleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 ______________
C harlotte, N .C ., Apr. 1964 1 __________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Sept. 19641 _________
C hicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ___________ —____________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y., M ar. 1964 1------------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1 ______ —______ —_____
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 19 641 ______________________

1430-36,
1430-51,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
25
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D allas, T ex ., Nov. 19641 _________ —______________
D avenport—
Rock^Island— oline, Iowa—
M

1430-25, 30 cents

A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

M iam i, F la ., D ec. 1964---------M ilwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964M inneapolis-S t. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651 _________
M uskegon— uskegon Heights, M ich., May 1964 1 ,
M
Newark and J e rse y City, N .J., Feb. 1965-----------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965-________ -_____ - ____
New O rlean s, L a., Feb. 1964_____________________
New Y ork, N .Y ., Apr. 19641---------------------------------N orfolk— ortsm outh and Newport News—
P
Hampton, V a ., June 1964.________—_________ __ _
Oklahoma City, O k la., Aug. 1964 1 _______________

1430138514301385143014301385.
1385.

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964___________________
Pater son— lifton— a s s a ic , N .J., May 1964 1 _____
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641_______________
Phoenix, A r iz ., M ar. 1964 1________________ . _____
Pittsburgh, P a., Jan. 19651 _______________________
Portland, M aine, Nov. 1964_______________________
Portland, Or e g .— ash., May 1964 1___________ ___
W
P rov id en ce—
Pawtucket, R .I.— a s s ., May 1964-__
M
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1964--------------------------------------Richm ond, V a ., Nov. 1964________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford, 111., Apr. 1964 1_________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1____________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, D ec. 19 641__________________
San Antonio, T ex ., June 1964---------------------------------San B ernardino— iver side— ntario, C alif.,
R
O

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

29,
56,
39,
71,
45,
34,
42,
72,

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965____________________________
D enver, C olo., Dec. 1964---------------------------------------Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1965----------------------------------D etroit, M ich ., Jan. 1965 1------------------------------------- F ort Worth, T ex ., Nov. 1964 1_____________________
G reen Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1---------------------------------G reen ville, S.C ., May 1964 1----------------------------------Houston, T ex ., June 1964 1 -------------------------------------

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

San D iego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1_____________________
San F ra n cis co-O akland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1—____ Savannah, G a ., May 1964 1_________________________
Scranton, P a., Aug. 1964----------------------------------------Seattle, W ash., Sept. 1964_________________________

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., D ec. 1964----------------------------------Jackson, M iss ., Feb. 1965_________________________
J a ck son ville, F la ., Jan. 19651_____________________
Kansas City, Mo.HKans., Nov. 1964-_____________ _
L aw ren ce— averhill, M a s s .-N .H ., June 1964 1 ___
H
Little R ock—
North Little Rock, A rk., Aug. 1964 * .
L os A n geles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1 ____
L ou isv ille, K y.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1___________________
Lubbock, T ex ., June 1964 1________________________
M anchester, N .H ., Aug. 1964 1 ____________________
M em phis, T en n ., Jan. 1965—--------------------------- -------

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964____________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1______________________
Spokane, W ash., May 1964_.___ . . . .
_____________
T oledo, Ohio, Feb. 1965 1 ---------------------------------------Trenton, N .J., D ec. 1964 1_________________________
Washington, D .C .— d.— a ., Oct. 1964 1___________
M
V
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1965______________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1________________________
W ichita, K an s., Sept. 1964 1________________________
W o rce s te r, M ass., June 1964 1 _________________ ___
Y ork, P a., Feb. 1965_______________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1430-50,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20
25
20
25
25
30
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102