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Occupational Wage

C O U -tC t

'0

TOLEDO, OHIO
FEBRUARY 1965

B ulletin No. 14 3 0 -5 0




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commiuionar




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey




TOLEDO, OHIO
FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B ulletin No. 1 4 3 0 -5 0
A p r il 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f an n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e le c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s tu d ie d , fo r e c o n o m ic r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s id e r a t io n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t into (1) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i ll le v e l , and (Z ) the s t r u c ­
t u re and le v e l o f w a g e s am o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

In t r o d u c t io n _______________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s _________________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le tin p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le tio n o f a l l o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a
ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle t in is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o lit a n
a r e a s s tu d ie d into one b u lle t in .
T he second p a rt p re se n ts
in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U n ite d S ta te s .

A.




E s t a b lis h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________
In d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f
c h a n g e f o r s e le c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________________________________

3

3

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n _____________________________
m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m e n and w o m e n . .
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ________________________________________
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ______________________
A - 5.
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s ______________

8
9
10

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M in im u m e n t ra n c e s a l a r i e s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s ___
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ____________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ____________________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o li d a y s __________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s ________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p l a n s __________________________
B -7 .
P a i d s ic k l e a v e _______________________________________________________
B -8 .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ________________________________________________

12
13
14
15
16
18
19
20

A p p e n d ix e s :
A.
C h a n g e s in o c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________
B.
O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________

21
23

B.

E ig h t y -t w o a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n fo r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s is c o lle c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . I n fo r m a t io n on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s is o b ta in e d b i e n n i a lly v in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y in
T o le d o , O h io , in F e b r u a r y 1965. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u ’ s r e g io n a l o ffic e in C le v e la n d , O h io , b y R o b e r t G .
B r y a n , u n d e r the d i r e c t i o n o f E llio t t A . B r o w a r , A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r
fo r
W ages
and I n d u s t r ia l R e la t io n s .

1
4

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r t a b u la tio n s
(S e e in s id e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a v a i la b le

fo r

o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i li n g p a y le v e ls in
the T o le d o a r e a , a r e a ls o a v a i la b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c ­
tio n ,
p r in t in g ,
lo c a l-t r a n s it
o p e r a t in g
e m p lo y e e s ,
and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e lp e r s .

Hi

5
7




Occupational Wage Survey—
Toledo, Ohio
In trod u ction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 82 in w h ic h the U . S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r * s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s co n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fit s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In t h is a r e a , d a ta
w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s to r e p ­
r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u ­
fa c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t ilit i e s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d
s e rv ic e s .
M a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s an d the c o n s t r u c t io n an d e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th ey ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b ­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e
b e e n ro u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a lf d o l l a r .
T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w i d e e s t im a t e s .
In d u s t r ie s an d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l an d jo b s ta ffin g an d,
th u s , c o n t r ib u te d i ff e r e n t ly to the e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
The pay
r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f le c t a c c u r a t e ly
the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y le v e ls f o r m e n
a n d w o m e n in an y o f the s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld not b e a s s u m e d to
r e f le c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w it h in in d iv id u a l e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u te to d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n an d w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n
w it h in e s t a b li s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly the a c t u a l r a t e s p a id i n ­
c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; an d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r f o r m e d ,
a lth o u g h the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p lo y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a li z e d than th o se u s e d in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s an d a l lo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s in the s p e c if i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b li s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g the d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r i a t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g an d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w it h in the s c o p e o f the stu dy an d not the n u m b e r a c t u a lly
su rveyed .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g e s ­
t a b li s h m e n t s , the e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
the s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e the r e la t iv e
im p o r t a n c e o f the jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a ffe c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .

an d E a r n i n g s

T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g an d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , an d a r e o f the
fo llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t ; an d (4 ) c u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m en t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i fo r m se t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w it h in the s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
E a r n i n g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a t io n s li s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a t io n i s too s m a ll
to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b ilit y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t io n i s p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v is i o n s a s they
r e la t e to o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t iv e , an d
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p lo y e e s , an d f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t io n w o r k e r s w h o
a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
"O ffic e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a n d non s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c t io n s .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e ­
m e n an d a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n an d t r a i n e e s )
e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c t io n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s an d ro u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , bu t in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r ­
in g i n d u s t r i e s .

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in the g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c la s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e an d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o li d a y s , an d
la t e s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , bu t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o ffi c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the w o r k




M in im u m e n t ra n c e s a l a r i e s (t a b le B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to the e s ­
t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o li c i e s .

1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. Iii establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying tp
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B -4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e ., (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday time.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer.
Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts.
However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week’ s pay.

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose.
Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (l ) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a p « -'portion of the worker's pay during absence from work
•
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen’ s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees:
( l ) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

1
A n establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in
late shifts.

written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scope o f s u rv e y and n u m ber studied in T o le d o , O hio,1 b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1965)
N u m b e r o f e stab lish m en ts

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in e stab lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin
scope of
s tu d y 3

Studied

Studied
T o t a l4

O ffice

Plant

T o t a l4

A l l d iv is io n s ________________________________________________________

_

317

119

84,400

12,700

55,200

59,490

M an u factu rin g ---------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ____ __________ - _________ -_______ - ______________
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and
other public u tilitie s 5 ------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------- ------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e --------------------------------------------------------------------------F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------------------------S e r v ic e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

148
169

56
63

54,400
30,000

7, 500
5, 200

36,800
18,400

41,650
17,840

32
29
62
17
29

18
9
19
5
12

9, 000
3, 200
11,900
2, 700
3, 200

1, 400

4,6 0 0

7, 820
1,090
6,050
1, 330
1,550

-

50
50
50
50
50

(‘ >
(?)

(?)
(?)
( 6)

( >
( 6)

1 The T o le d o Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a c o n sists of L u c a s County. The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope of stu dy" e stim ates shown in this table p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e sc rip tio n
of the s iz e and com p o sitio n of the la b o r fo rc e included in the s u rv e y .
The estim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is of c o m p a ris o n with oth er em ploym ent in dexes fo r the a r e a
to m e a s u re em ploym ent tren d s o r le v e ls since (1) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n s id e ra b ly in advan ce of the p a y ro ll p e rio d studied, and (2) s m a ll
esta b lish m e n ts a r e excluded fro m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g estab lish m e n ts by in du stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll esta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim itation . A l l outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) of com p an ies in such in d u strie s as tra d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n sid e re d a s 1 e stab lish m en t.
4 Includes e x ecu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s excluded fro m the se p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
3 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e excluded.
6 T his in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m an u factu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
S e p arate presen tation
of data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it se p a ra te p resen tatio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te presen tatio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u r e of individual
establish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fro m this e n tire in d u stry d iv isio n a r e re p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fro m the r e a l estate portion only in e stim a te s
fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S ep a ra te p re sen tatio n o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the re a s o n s given in footnote 6 abo ve.
8 H otels; p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m otion p ic tu re s; nonprofit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex c lu d in g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d occupation al g ro u p s in T o le d o , O hio,
F e b r u a r y 1965 and F e b r u a r y 1964, and p ercen ts of change 1 fo r se le c te d p e rio d s
Indexes
(M a r c h 1961 = 100)

P e rc e n ts of change 1

F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1964
to
F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1963
to
F e b r u a r y 1964

M a rc h 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

A ll in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )-----------------In d u stria l n u rse s (m e n and w o m e n )-------------Sk illed m aintenance (m e n )------------------------------U n sk ille d plant (m e n )---------------------------------------

107.6
111.2
108.3
106.9

106.2
108.1
107.0
107.2

1.4
2.8
1.2
2—.3

1.8
1.4
2.3
2.2

1.9
4.5
2.3
2.7

2.3
2.0
2.3
2.2

M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )-----------------In d u stria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )-------------S k illed m aintenance (m e n )------------------------------U n sk ille d plant (m e n )---------------------------------------

107.4
109.5
107.6
108.8

105.9
107.0
106.4
108.4

1.4
2.3
1.1
.4

2.2
.5
2.4
2.4

1.6
4.4
2.0
3.5

2.0
2.0
1.9
2.2

Industry and occu p ation al gro u p

A ll ch an ges a r e in c r e a s e s u n le ss o th e rw is e indicated.
I'his d e c r e a s e la r g e ly r e fle c ts ch an ges in em ploym ent betw een h ig h - and lo w -w a g e

M a rc h 1961
to
M a rc h 1962

estab lish m e n ts ra th e r than w a g e d e c r e a s e s .

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p e r­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled— janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) merit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Similarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p atio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio, F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
(standard)

S
45

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

T

t

55

60

65

and
under

$

$

$

75

ec

85

_

_

_

50

55

60

65

70

75

8C

-

-

-

-

-

-

s

$

7C
_

5C

_

85

9C

-

1
1

$

9C

95
_

55

I

ICO
_

100

$

1C5
_

1C5

t
1 1C

_
11C

$
115

_

$
120

_

115

12C

1C

14

$
125

_
125

i
135

_

$
140

_

145

140

145

over

7
7

10
10

1
1

7
l

-

-

_
13C

$

13C

135

and

ML N
CLtKKS,
ACCLUMING,
C L A S S A -■
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

39.5
39.5

$
1 2 2 . CO
1 2 3 . 5C

$
121.50
12 3. 50

$
$
112.50-133.50
113.00-135.50

-

72

CLtRKS,

26

39.5

8 8 . CO

8 6 . CO

71.00-106.50

-

ACCCUNT I NG»

CLfcRKS,

CRDER

CLERKS,

P AY RC LL

0CYS

B

-

-------------------------------------------

27

39.5

7 8 . 50

8 2 . 5C

65.00-

85.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

46

4C.0

1 0 7 . CC

111.00

1 0 2 . C O - 1 1 4 . 50

-

----------------------------------

36

40.0

1C5.50

110.50

98.50-114.50

-

------------------------------------------------

85
44

39.5
39.5

6 9 . 50

6 7 . OC

75.50
76.00

7

64.50

60.0059.50-

-

6 8 . 5C

-

-

41

39.5

7 1 . CC

71.50

60.50-

77.50

“

7

42
36

4C.C
4C.C

114. 00
1 1 3 . CC

1 1 6 . CC
11 5. 50

26

39.5

8 6 . CC

8 7 . CO

MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

NCNMANUFACTURINC
1ABULATING-MACFINE

-------------------------

6

3

4

-

-

-

14

-

1

-

1

2
2

-

~

-------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
UFFICE

CLASS

84

~

18
12
6

8
7

16

1

14

2
2

1
1

6
6

2

1

2

3

l

-

2
2

-

-

6

5

10

9
9

-

7

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

6
6

2
2

8

16

-

2

-

-

-

12

5
5

2

4

-

-

-

-

3

2

5
4

-

-

_

3
3

4

-

4

4
4

1

-

~

~

4

1
1

15
12

5
5

2

7
7

5

1

2

1

-

-

_

-

-

~

~

~

~

1
1

3

_

-

-

1
1

-

3

1
1

2
2

i
1

_
-

_
_

-

1

4

OPERATORS,

1

TABULATING-MACHINE
CLASS

C

106.00-12C.C0
106.00-119.50

3

3

13

2

12

5
5

'

G L A S S B --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

10
8

5

'

-

2

.

-

CPfcRATCRS,

---------------------------------------------------------

78.00-

9 3 . CC

-

-

-

1

-

9

1

6

WOMEN
BILLERS,

MACHINE

(BILLING
3

29

40.0

8 4 . 5C

80.00

68.00-106.00

-

37
25

39.5
39.5

85.50
8 2 . CC

8 8 . 50
80.00

76.507 4 . CO-

_

_

_

~

“

~

C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N C -----------------------------------------

184
54
13C

4C.C
4C.C
40.0

72.00
8 1 . CO
6 8 . CC

69.50
80.00
6 5 . 50

24
24

27

CLfcRKS, ACCOUNTING,
C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N C ------------------------------------------

109
54
55

39.5
39.5
39.0

9 4 . 5C
1 04. 50
8 5 . CC

94.00
1CC.CC
90.00

CLfcRKS,

-------------------

26C

39.5

7 7 . CO

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

127
133

39.5
39.5

MACHINE)

----------------------------------------------------------------------

BLCKKEEPING-MACHINE

C P E R A TOR S ,

C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N C ----------------------------------------BCCKKEEFING-MACFINE

ACCOUNTING,

CRDER

CPERAIORS,

CLASS

B

59.0 07 1 . CO5 7 . CO-

85.50
92.50
79.50

_
-

-

-

-

75.00

69.50-

83.50

-

3

8 3 . CO
7 1 . CO

81.00
72.50

72.0066.00-

92.50
7 8 . CO

-

8

~

11

24

31

-

-

3

11

8
16

14
17

6 5 . 5C

62.00

57.50-

72.50

-

1

34

8

9

6 3 . CC

59.50

5 7 . CO-

68.50

“

1

3?

7

6

----------------------------------------------------------

88

4C.C

84.00

82.50

71. 5 0-

9 4 . CO

-

-

2

5

13

4C.C
39. 5

90.50

78.50-1C1.C0

-

-

-

2
11

6 9 . 5C

66.00-

77.00

8 3 . CC

8C.00

71.00-

9 6 . CO

2

M A N U F A C T L R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

124
69

39.5
39.5

8 7 . CO
7 5 . 5C

8 4 . CC
75.50

73.50-

9 8 . 5C

66.50-

------------------------------------

91

40.0

7 7 . 5C

7 4 . 50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

49

39.5
4C.C

8 4 . 50
69.00

85.00
7 0 . 5C

OPER ATOR S

See footnotes at end of table.




42

2

2

3

12
7

3

-

6
-

8 9 . CO

2

6

5

70.50-

90.50

-

-

96.50
7 6 . CC

-

-

6
-

11

73.5062.00-

-

3
-

-

-

6

11

3

-

22
6
16

1C
5
1

9
6
3

5
1
4

2
1
1

2

11
7
4

13
4
9

19
2
17

19
15
4

11
9
2

5
1
4

2
2

4
4

2
2

1
1

61
24
37

42
13
29

34
21
13

17
13
4

9
6
3

5
5

13
13

6
6

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

11
6

2
1

4
3

3
2

3

8
4
4

15
11
4

3
3

11
ll

4
4

5
5

2
2

_

6
6

1
1

1
1

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

12
8
4

28
19
9

26
17
9

18
11
7

15
12
3

12
6
6

21
16
5

3
3

4
4

l
1
-

~

1
1
-

_
-

-

1
l
-

_
_

-

1C
9
1

28
17
11

14
7
7

1
1
-

5
5
-

7
2
4

13
13

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

39.5

5
3
6

5
5

-

193

1

18
12
6

-

-----------------------------------------

4
3

15
3
12

17

-

-----------------------------------------------------

1
~

23
6

39.5

PAYROLL

COMPTOMETER

2
0
2C

39.5

NCNMANUFACTURINC

9
6

5
5

-

9C.C0
69.50

9
3

6
6

-

6C
28

6

2
2

75

--------------------------------------------------

-

"

85.50-102.50
95.00-116.50
77.50- 94.00

-

1

1

58

MANUFACTURING

CLfcRKS,

7

2
0

_

1

3

fc ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS, F IL E ,
CLASS
NQNMANUFACTORING
CLERKS,

93.50
93.00

3

8

2
1

20
9

11

1

_
“

_

-

9
5
4
_
-

3

-

_

l
-

-

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io, F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

A5

5C
WOMEN -

5C

55

60

65

70

75

8C

85

55

ICO

1C5

11C

115

120

125

130

135

14C

145
and

55

60

65

70

75

8C

9C

55

100

105

11C

115

120

125

130

27
19

15

135

140

145

CCNTINUEL

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

39.5
39.5

88.50
89.CC

$
91.00
91.50

$
$
7 7 . 0 0 - 94.00
7 8 .0 0 - 94.00

KEYPUNCH CPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

39.5
39.5
39.0

7 9 . CO
82. CO
74.50

78.50
8 2 . CO
73.00

7 0 .5 0 74.006 6 .0 0 -

39.5
39.5

6 7 . 5C
63.50

68.00
61.50

5 9 .5 0 - 75.00
5 8 . CO- 69.00

4C
27

SECRETARIES --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ---------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 3 -------------------------

578
468
11C
43

39.5 104.50 102.CC
4C.C 106.00 103.00
9 8 . 5C 97.50
39.0
3 9 . C 9 8 . CO 95.00

19
7

499
381
118
47

4C.C
4C.0
40.0
4C.C

85.CC
85. 50
8 5 . CO 84.50
87. 50
8 8 .CC
1C5.C0 107.50

313
272
41

4C.0
4C.0
40.0

97.CC
96.50
98.00

94.00-

ShlTCHBCARC OPERATORS * CLASS A4 ------

18
1C
8

2C
18
2

7
7
-

7
6
1

1C
3
7

3
3
-

14

87.00104.50
8 7 . 5 0 - 104.50
8 6 . C O -1 0 7 .50

97.00
9 7 . 5C
94.50

28
23
16
7

32
23
9
3

44
35
9
4

96
78
18
13

65
49
16

7C
62
8

28
25
3

47
42
5

89
78

117
93
24
3

23
1C
13
13

16
4

10
5

1
19
1C

50
45
5

67
58

74
32
42

39.0
39.5
39.0

77.50
9C.CC
6 7 . 5C

7 7 . CO
91.00
68.00

11
15
13

132

39.5
4C.C
39.5

7C.C0
7 1 . CO
6 7 . 5C

68.50
75.00
65.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------

I
1
1

9

44

11

16
16

1

2

50

6

3

8
4
4

12

12

6

11

1

8

-

1

5
3

11

37
17
20

11

21

56

35

84
63

10

6 1 . 5 0 - 78.50
6 1 . 5 0 - 79.50
6 2 . 0 0 - 75.00

86

46

32

34
33

34
32

2

6 6 . CO- 92.50
8 6 . 0 0 - 95.00
6 1 . CO- 74.00

SWITCHBOARD GPERATCR-RECEPTION ISTS
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ----------------------------

1
1
-

2
35
22
13
13

104.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4 -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NGNMANUFACTORING ----------------------------

-

12
12

7 7 .5 0 - 91.50
7 7 .5 0 - 89.50
7 6 . CO-105.00
97.5011 2.CO

STENOGRAPHERS* SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

23
15

12

92.00116.50
9 3.00117.00
8 9 . CO- 11 6.00
91.00112.50

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NGN MANUFACTURING---------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3-------------------------

2E

15
13

88.00
89.50
8 3 . CO

OFFICE GIRLS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

-

1
-

-

-

1

13
7

1

8 2 . 5 0 - 98.CC

TKANSCPIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

43
26

40.0
40.C

69.CC
7 5 . 5C

68.00
79.00

5 4 .5 0 - 83.00
6 7 . 0 0 - 86.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ----------------------------

256
231
25

39.5
4C.0
39.0

84. 50
84.CC
89.CC

8 2 . CO
82.00
87.00

7 7 .0 0 - 87.50
7 7 . CO- 85.00
80.50103.00

, TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3------------------------

224
119
1C5
37

39.5
4C.0
39.0
39.5

7C. 50
70.50
7C.5C
82.C0

6 9 . OC
71.00
67.50
86.00

6 1 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 6 1 . CO7 5 .5 0 -

1
2
the rate
3
4

9C

and
under

78.50
78.00
82.50
89.00

3

1

20

2

20

13
3

31

21
10

3

40
14
26

35

20
15

1

29
27

34
3C
4

21
13

41
33

6

7

102
98

15
8
7

10
5
5

17
15

11
11

14
14

4
3
1
1

16
12

4
-

—

1C
6

4
-

_

-

4
4

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
1

-

—

—

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than
shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d i v is io n , T o l e d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f \ o r k e r s r e c e iw in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f --v

$

Average
weekly
(standard

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

S

S

$

85

$

S

$

1

$

i

$

S

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

90

95

ICC

1C 5

1 1C

115

120

125

130

1

14C

145

150

155

16C

170

180

190

200

95

ICO

105

1 1C

115

12C

125

13C

115

14 C

145

150

155

160

170

18C

190

20 C

2 1C

5

U n der
M ean 1
2

$

7

9

12
12

9

and
u n der

85

9 0

PEN
Pr Alr iT ^CFl t CLP CC f* 5
“
r 1 * JO A
I PC P j r 1 I
lyAKiCAfTiiD i !n
i
" /KVLr flL i UK 1fv r ———

......
---------- ———

—---- —

IHHCTCIyCK
U K A r 1or

C L ACC £
3 —
t L 1 A j j c ^— — --------------- —--L A 1 r ATTIIO 1kP
it
■ An t CAU 1U“ 1IM
j
”— — — —
— —— —
—

ruACTCkCA
L K A r 1orcINf

r i » c j iLLAo c L 3 — — — —
——
—
—
-----------------------------------

PANUFACTURING

$

$

$
$
1a a c r>. >nn no
IHH•5u l UU«UU

169 .5 0

1 7 7 . 5C

1 4 3 . C O - 2 0 0 . 50

128 .5 0

1 2 5 . 5C

H 7 .0 0 -1 4 C .C C
i i a c r ,- i A ‘) c n

4C.G

V1

t

185

4C.C

I't'j

4C.C

17

11
11

3
3

1

16

12

qa . D U . 1l0 7 «UU
(.0 - U / on

137
103

3

4 0 . C

1C2.5C

9 9 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

2

3

13

15

24

24

7

2

12
12

8

3

34
17

24
14

5

8

5

5

1

5 C
48

4C.C

10S.CC

1 0 7 .0 0

1 0 1 . CO-122.CO

4 0 .0

IC9.CC

1 0 7 .0 0

4

2

1

1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .5 0

1 S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s
2 F o r d e fi n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
3 D e s c r i p t i o n f o r th is o c c u p a tio n h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s in c e th e la s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
S e e a p p e n d ix A .




and th e

e

2

8
4

1

5

3

6

1

4
3

e a r n in g s

3

c orresp on d

5

8
7

16

A

17

6

16

17

6

~

4

.

3

WCPEN

NORSES » I N D US T RI A L
( R E G I S T E R E C ) ------P A N O F A C TUR I N C
— —
___
____

8

to th e s e

3

w e e k ly

h o u rs.

3

A

3

11
11

*
6
6

5
5

9

26
26

8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical O ccupations—Men and W omen Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , T o l e d o , O h i o , F e b r u a r y 1965)

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Ave:rage

W eekly
W eekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS,

MACHINE

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

W eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

40. 0
4C.C

95.
96. 50

HCl KKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFAClUHING ---------------------

43
31

39 .5
39. 5

8 8 . CC
8 6 . CC

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

189
59
130

4C.C
40 .0
4C.C

7 2 . CO
ec.cc
6 8 .CC

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURINC ---------------------

193
126
67

39. 5
39. 5
39.0

1C6.50
115.CC
9C.50

Cl e r k s , a c c l u n t i n g , c l a s s e
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURINC ---------------

286
149
137

39 .5
39.5
39.5

78. CC
8 4 . 5C
71.CC

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS 8 ----------NCNMANUFACTURINC ---------------

76
59

39.5
39. 5

6 6 . 5C
64. CO

CLERKS, CROER ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURINC----------------

115
8C
35

4C.C
4C.0
39. 5

82 .5 0
8 9.CC
6 8 . CG

-------------------------------------

ncnmancfactir i n g

--------------

W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUEC

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANLFACTUKING -------NCNMANUFACTURING -

239
16C
79
26
91
49
42

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

83
60

39 .5
39 .5

$
103.CC
1C7.CC

KEYPUNCH CPERATCRS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------

147
90
57

39. 5
39.5
39.C

79.CC
82.CC
74. 50

TABULATING-MACHINE LFERATGRS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

41
25

39 .5
39 .5

83.CC
87.CC

CFFICE BCYS ANC GIRLS --------MANUFACTUR ING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURINC -----------

125
71
54

39 .5
39.5
39 .5

6 9 . CO
6 6 . 5C
72.CC

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATURS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

43
26

4C.C
4C.0

6 9 . CO
7 5 . 5C

SECRETARIES ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NCNMANUFACTURINC ----------PUELIC U T I L I T I E S 2------

581
471

3 9 .5 104.50
4C.C 106.00
39 .0
9e .5C
9 8 . CO
3 9.C

TY PISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURINC --------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

26 3
231
32

39 .5
4C.0
3 9. 0

8 5 . CO
84.CC
9 2 .5 0

ST ENCGRAPFERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURINC —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

502
381

TYPI STS, CLASS B --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------------

239
124
115
47

39 .5
4 0 .0
39 .0
4C.C

7 1 . 5C
71.CC
71. 50
8 2 . CO

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MAM FACTUR I N G ---------NCNMANUFACTURINC —

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

107
97

4 0 .0
4C.C

1 6 9 . CO
169.50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS E 3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

186
15C

4C.C
4C.C

12 8.5 0
1 2 9 . 5C

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3---------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

137
103

4C .0
4C.C

1C2.50
102.5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

52
5C

4C.C
4 0 .0

1 0 9 . 5C
1C9.5C

11C
43

50

4C.C
4C .0
4 0 .0
4C.C

8 6.0 0
8 5 . CO
8 8 . 5C
1C5.50

31 3
272
41

4C.C
4C.C
40 .0

9 7 .0 0
9 7 . 5C
9 4 . 5C

1C0.5C

121

31

39.5

39. 5
87. 50
39 .5
91.CC
39.5
8 C.CC
4 0 . C 1C2.CO

Sfc 1TCHECARC CPERATCRS,
l
MANUFACTURING —
NCNMANUFACTURINC

CLASS

B3 -

74
32
42

39.0
39 .5
39.C

7 7 . 5C
9C.C0
6 7 . 5C

4 C -C
39 5
40 0

S ITCFBCARO CPERATCR-RECEPTI0NI
v.
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTIRING ------------------------

86
46

39.5
4C.C
39.5

7G.CC
7 1 . CO
67. 50

1 Standard hours re fl ec t the w or k we e k for which em ploy ee s r e c e iv e their r e g u la r s tr a ig h t- ti m e s a l a r i e s
2 Transpo rta tio n, communication, and other public utilities.
3 De sc rip tio n for this occupation has been re v is e d since the last s u r v e y in this a r e a .
See appendix A.




W eek ly
earnings 1
(standard)

39.5
3 9 .5

A 3—

50
5C
CO

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

66
64

CO KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING---------------------

CLASS

77
84
69

Number
of
workers

$
8 8 . 5C
8 9 . CO

Sto 1 TCFBCARO OPERATORS,
L
CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------MAMFACTUR I N G --------------------NCNMANUFACTURINC --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

A verage

Occupation and industry division

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

(H IL L IN G
42
30

MACHI NE)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS

and the ea rnings c o r r e s po nd to these we ek ly hou rs .

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O h io , F e b r u a r y 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Middle range 2

$

1.70
M ean13 Median 2
2

I . 6 C 1.90 2.00

and
under
1.80

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

6A
A9

$
3.36
3.A3

$
3 . AA
3. A7

A16
362

3.38
3.3A

3.35
3.32

_

$

_

_

$

2 .1 0

$

2 .2 0

2 . 3 0 2 . AC

-

1.90 2.00 2.1C

3. 2 A - 3.61
3 . 2 3 - 3.56

-

2.20

2.30

$

-

$
-

s

-

2 . AC 2.50

$

$

$

$

$

i

$

$

t

$

i

$

2 . CO

2.5C

2.7C

2.8C

2 .9 0

3.CC

3.1C

3.2C

3.3C

3 . AO

3 .5 0

3.6C

3 .7 0

3.8 0

-

-

-

-

2.CC

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

8A
71

3.26
3 . AC

3.26
3.29

3 .1 5 3 .2 2 -

65
A7

2.79
2.73

2.SS
3.CS

2.181 .8 0 -

3.26
3.26

-

2 . SC 3 . CO 3.10

12
12

~

_

_

_

-

1

_

_

-

22
21

-

-

-

7

9

15

A

26

118

56

118

5A
13

-

1C

2A

13

A

7

3

e

7

A

A

*

-

3

3

e

7

A

2
2

2
2

A7

6
6

A6

98

A5

6A

-

-

-

5

A

3

-

-

3

15

11

2A

-

-

1
~

1C
1C

12

~

IA

-

MAINTENANCE TRACES -------------

A6

2.7A

2.81

2.71-

2.87

-

-

-

-

3

A

12

2 C

-

161
161

3.A8
3. A8

3.56
3.56

3 .3 6 3.36-

3.6A
3.6A

_

_

_

-

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

233
229

3 . A0
3 . AC

3.3S
3.39

3 .3 0 3.3C-

3.67
3.67

-

-

A

~

A

MECHANICS, AUT CM T IV E
C
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I ES 3-------------------------

2 2A
105
119
SC

3.11
3.13
3.1C
3.11

3. IA
3.16
3.11
2.98

2 . 9 0 - 3.38
2 . 8 7 - 3.3A
2 . 9 2 - 3 . A0
2 .9 C - 3.A3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

AA6
A3 5

3.29
3.28

3.19
3.19

3 . 1 1 - 3.58
3 .1 1 - 3.57

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

306
3C6

3. 19
3. 19

3.1 7
3.17

3.063 .0 6 -

3.A2
3.A2

-

-

*

-

CILERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

57
57

2.77
2.77

2.83
2.83

2 . 6 6 - 2.89
2 . 6 6 - 2.89

-

3
3

3
3

~

A
A

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

A5
38

3.07
3. IA

3.07
3 . C9

2.952.99-

3 . A0
3.A2

_

2

_

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

181
180

3.33
3.33

3 . AC
3. A0

3.1A3 .1 A -

3.52
3.52

SHEET-METAL WCRKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

26
27

3.39
3 . A0

3.51
3.51

3 .2 3 - 3.56
3 .3 3 - 3.56

TCOL ANC CIE MAKERS----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

A86
A86

3.53
3.53

3.5 A
3. 5 A

3 .3 8 - 3 . 7 A
3 .3 8 - 3.7A

-

-

7

1

12
12

8
8

-

-

~

A

MACHINE-TOOL CPERATCRS, TCCLRCCM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

and

5

A
A

22

-

3

-

3.70 3 .8 0 over

2

-

A

A
A

-

3. 6 0

-

5

-

-

_

6

-

-

3 . AC 3.5C

3.3C

21
21

_

-

3

-

_

3

3

A

_

-

12
12

_

-

3.2C

-

3
l

3 . A0
3.73

FIREMEN, STATIONARY ECILER --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

-

2.7C 2.8C

$
$
3 .1 5 - 3.63
3 . 1 8 - 3.65

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

$

1

$

HELPERS,

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




holidays,

3

_

A

_

A

~

.

_

_

_

-

_

1

-

18
1C

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
12
12

-

-

_

-

c

-

1
1
9
9
-

15
15

36
23
13

13

22
22

1
1

2
2

5

A

9
9

68
68

12
12

-

A

39

7

25

1
6

16

30
18

13
A

38

10

9

12

~

-

9
9

30
30

15
15
-

3
3

52

55

A1

5 C

7

52

52

AC

50

*

29
29

-

13

2A

13

2A

35

9

22

9

32

8
8

3

26
26

9
9

3

2

-

10

9
9

A
A

8

59

37

-

56

37

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

1

3

1A 1
1A 1

9

8
8

93
93

13

23

5A

3A

13

23

5A

6

_

2
1

11
11

-

-

_
-

*

_

-

1
6

-

_

-

1

72

-

3

A3

1

72

-

3

A3

18
18

2
2

15

-

-

15

-

-

79

9
9

3

-

1
l

-

3 A

1

3

-

A

2

and late shifts.

6A
6A

5

35

6
6

A

29

31

-

2

A

29

30

-

_

-

8
8

A7

l

3

-

A

-

-

36

65

-

36

65

22

2
2

8A
8A

79

3 C

-

29

-

156

31

156

31

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , T o le d o , O hio, F e b r u a r y 1965)

Num ber of w orkers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

workers

Mean3

Median3

$
2.41

$
1.72-

$
2.60

2.57
1.66

2.461.3C-

2.74
1.89

1 A T C H M E N ------------------------------------*

436

$
2.16

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

236
2C2

2.54
1.71

G U A R DS

AND

Middle range3

$

$

$
1.60

$
1,. 7 0

$

$

$

S

1,. 5 0

1.8 C

1.9C

2.CC

2.1C

;
1
!
2. 2C

2 . 30
!

$
2 .40

$
2.50

t
2.60

2.70

t
2 . i 80

$
2.90

$
3.00

$
3.10

S
3.20

3.40

1

50

1.. 6 0

1.7C

1,. 8 0

1.9C

2.CC

2 . 1C

2.20

!
2. 3C

>.
2 40

2 . 50

2.60

2.70

2.80

2 . 90

3.00

3 . 10

3.20

3 .40

3.60

30
-

10
-

2
-

10
-

35

32

9

19

97

16

53

19

53

-

9
-

26

-

-

-

10

ec
17

11

2

3
29

9

10

12
23

1C
9

30

5

”

~

9

~

*

*

*

-

$

$

1 . 20

1

1.2C

Occupation1 and industry division

i

$
1 40

S
1.10

Number

l . 30

1 . 40

-

52
-

~

52

30

i

and
un der

16
5

3
-

11

5
9

-

1

~

26

GUARDS :
214

2.56

2 . 58

2.5C-

2.75

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

5

-

9

9

16

73

11

53

-

-

26

-

-

C L E A N E R S -------

1, G 52

2.13

2.22

1.82-

2.55

124

50

18

81

56

45

118

11 C

117

86

-

3

-

-

-

-

2.45
1.75

2.62
1.90
2.50

12

5C
19

14
4

33
12

98
2C

86
-

-

-

-

-

-

~

"

“

~

1

l

ll

2C

I CC
1C
10

-

“

72
5
9

48
p

~

77
2

33
17

-

24

2
8

117

63

11
30

47

25

2.43

2.131.302.31-

12
-

69

2.34
1.7C
2 .4C

24
-

10

711
341
57

63
-

41

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C I U R I N G ------------------------------------FUBL I C UT I I I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

25
-

~

~

~

~

~

325
86

1.71
2.C4

1.66
2 . C7

1.611.74-

1.75
2.38

3

12

6

24

12
12

172

33
13

5
5

5

11
11

5
5

4

6
5

14

2
2

_

_

12

-

1,023

23
16

67

182

230

35

7

32

156
26

ISC
4C

-

1C

28
1C
1C

MANUFACTURI NG
JAMTLPS,

---------------------------------------------

PCRTERS,

JANITCRS,

AND

PCRTERS,

ANC

-

CLEANERS

( WO ME N ) ----------------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T L R I N G ---------------------------------------------

4

2

2.54

2.52

2.35-

2.79

-

-

-

1

2

39

6

33

8

5

107

7C3
32 C
165

2.46
2.71
3 .ce

2.45
2.73
3.23

2.322.383.20-

7.59
3.24
3.27

-

-

-

-

-

28

-

-

1

2

11

6

9
24

8
-

5
-

103
4

--------------------------------------------------

366

2.54

2.48

2.3 7-

2.80

_

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

232
13 4

2.65
2.34

2.45
2.35

2.44-

2.84

-

-

2.18-

2.74

-

-

LAECRERS,

MATERI AL

FAN C L I N G -----------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N C N MA N U F A C T O R I N C ------------------------------------F U E L I C UT I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------ORDER

FILLERS

-

-

-

-

-

3

2.51

2 . 55

2.43-

2.59

-

-

-

-

-

33

2.21

1.75

1.74-

2.90

-

-

-

-

3

---------------------------------------------

96

2.61

2.63

2.45-

63
33

2.71
2.42

2.67
2.48

2.552.05-

102

2.74

2.7C

2.54-

---------------------------------------------

83

2.81

2.76

2.56-

------------------------------------------

S HI PP ING

UCMEN)

SHI PPI NG

CLERKS

CLERKS

MA N U F AC T U RI N G

-

3

5

-

-

15

e

15

-

*

-

9
9

11
11

16

39

1C7

-

1
38

107

16
-

7

50

-

-

26
20
6

_
-

2
-

-

8
-

14

13

-

5

3

-

5

-

5

3

-

4

4

1

6

_

37

2.99

1

25

2
2

986

2.92

2.57

2.7 4-

3.20

-

-

-

-

-

6

MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

369

2.82

2.55

2.46-

3.16

2.58

2.97

-

-

6

3

3.16

3.33

3.32
3.37

-

256

2.882.9C-

-

9

617

-

-

N C N MA N U F A C T U R I N C -------------------------------------

107

2.50
2.18
2.67

2.59

2.18-

2.95

_

2.25

1.83-

2.39

-

2.86

2.52-

3.12

2.9C
3.05
2.79

2.713.012.68-

2.93

2.82

2.82

2.6 6-

2.88

3.16

2.94-

3.35

TRUCKDRIVERS,
ANC

INCLUDING

MA N U F AC T U RI N G

MEDI UM
4

TCNS)

TRAILER

------------------------

-------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

TRUCKCRIVERS,
TYPE)

MA N U F A C T U RI N G

HEA VY

(CVLR

4

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table




222
83
135
5C

2.88
3.C4

40 3

3.12

42

3 . 1C

3.13

2.95-

3 . 3C

2.94-

3.35

-

2

_

-

7

1

-

-

7

8

1

2

2

11

8

1

2

2

7

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

4
4

12

2

3

10

21

2

119

29

72

43

230

32

144

2

-

-

21

2

3

1C

-

I CC
19

7
22

21
51

6
37

11
219

29

-

12
6
6

3

22

37

~

~

17
-

12
-

17

12

23
3
20

36

20

~

158

4

2

_

4

-

2

-

-

~

4

12
9

6

~

6
-

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

6
1

4

2

3
3

1
_

4

-

~

~

5

“

12
2
10

5

-

22
1
21

15
15

2

_

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6
6

-

3

6

-

-

5

33

33

1
_

1

22

4

1
1

1

18

“

3.32

3.12

2
2

12

3.08

361

11
11

12

TCNS,

---------------------------------------------

NCNMAN UFACTURI N G

71

6
6

4
4

TO

---------------------------------------------

NCNMAN UFACTURI N G
PUBLIC

(1-1/2

36

1
1

3

9

-------------------------------------------------

-

12
12

“

21

TONS)

~

2
2

7

3.25

2.78

1- 1/2

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

*

17
17

6

------------------------------------------------

( UNCER

9

12
1

7

2.85
2.84

9

4
4
-

-

~

2.32-

-

-

2

2.31-

LICET

-

22
20
2

6

2

2.45

U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

_
-

2

4

2.44

PUBLIC

-

-

1C

2.57

TRUCKDRIVERS,

_

-

2.96

2.58

RUCKER I V E R S 5

66

-

l

-

1
-

-

1

-

1
~

35

16

_

125
125

4

-

5

15

-

125
-

2

13

-

1
-

-

17

-

~

IS

1

-

_

*

2

5

-

32
31

_

17 8

2

-

4
-

_
_
~

_

-

6C
6

2

2

_

~

-

54
15
39

2

59

CLERKS

24

-

51

RECEIVING

6

8

------------

ANC

MANUFACTURI NG

90
66

6
2

2

3
3

-

36
-

-

3

42

10

---------------------------------------------

SHI PPI NG

I

-

2.94
2.83

-----------------------------------------------

5

4
-

2.88

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N C N M A N O F A C T O R I N G -------------------------------------

24
6
18

2

_

3

4

3

32 9

SHI PPI NG

PACKERS,

4

2

----------------------

PACKERS,

RECEIVING

-

-

27
27

-

1
2

~

190

~

20
-

_

_

-

-

20

_
-

36

11
147

3

1C4
40

242
50
192

~

"

_

46

3
1

~

30
8

2

~

2
2

-

-

8

~

14
12
2

196
12
184

_
-

"

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Toledo, Ohio, F ebru ary 1965)1
5
4
3
2

1 Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3 F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all d riv ers re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




12

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n of estab lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im um en tran ce s a la r y fo r selected c a te g o rie s
of in e x p e rie n c e d w o m en offic e w o r k e r s , T o le d o , O hio, F e b r u a r y 1965)
Other in ex p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk e rs

In ex p erien ced typists

M inim um w eek ly stra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
sch edules

40

A ll
schedules

40

N onm anufacturing

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

B a se d on stan dard w eek ly h ou rs 1 of—
3
2

A ll
in d u strie s

M an u factu rin g

N on m an u factu rin g

M an u factu rin g

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedule s

40

E sta b lish m e n ts studied ____ _______ _________ ______________________

119

56

XXX

63

XXX

119

56

XXX

63

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m _________________

44

28

24

16

12

60

36

31

24

19

1
_
3
3
2
9
2
5
5
6
_
1
2
2

_
1
8
2
3
4
6
_
1
1

_
_
_
1
7
2
2
4
4
_
1
1

1
_
3
3
1
1
_
2
1
-

_
_
2
3
1
_
_
1
1
_

_

_

_

_

_
1
2

_
1
2

1
_
6
7
6
10
3
6
5
5
2
2
2
2

_
_
_
1
3
9
2
6
4
5
1
1
1
1

-

_

-

_

_

_

1

2

1
1

1
1

"

-

$45.
$47.
$50.
$5 2.
$55.
$57.
$60.
$62.
$65.
$67.
$70.
$72.
$75.
$77.
$80.
$82.
$85.
$87.

00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50
00
50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u n der
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
u n der
u n der
under

$47. 50........................................... ..............
$50. 00
. . . . . . . .
$52. 50______________________________________
$55. 00........... ................................ ..............
$57. 50_..................................... ..................
$60. 00______________________________________
$62. 50______________________________________
$65. 00______________________________________
$67. 50______________________________________
$70. 00______________________________________
$7 2. 50_______________ ________________ _____
$75. 00...... ............. ...................... ..............
$77. 50______________________________________
$80.00______________________________________
$82. 50______________________________________
$85. 00______________________________________
$87. 50______________________________________
$90. 00

1
1
1

_
.
1
3
8
2
5
4
3

1
_

_

-

5
6
2

1
_

1
_

1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

_

_

_

1

1

1

_

1

6
6
3
1
1
_

_

_

1

1

_

_
_
_

_
1
_

1

-

-

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

25

11

XXX

14

XXX

33

13

XXX

20

XXX

E s ta b lish m e n ts w hich did not em ploy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o ry
_ ..

50

17

XX X

33

XX X

26

7

XXX

19

XXX

....

..

1 T h e s e s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly esta b lish e d m inim um startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r
2 E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r o r office g ir l.
3 D ata a re p re se n te d fo r a ll standard w o rk w e e k s com bin ed, and fo r the m ost com m on stan dard w o rk w e e k re p o rte d .




stan dard w o rk w e e k s .

13

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differen tials of manufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount of differential,
Toledo, Ohio, F e b ru a ry 1965)
Percent of manufacturing plant w ork e rs—

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts having fo rm a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Sh ift d iffe re n tia l

Second s h ift
w o rk

T o tal

_

___

T h ird o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w o rk in g on—
Second s h ift

T h ird o r o th e r
s h ift

93 .9

9 0 .4

1 9 .6

5 .4

_____

9 1 .7

8 9 .4

1 8 .9

5.3

U n ifo rm ce n ts (p e r h o u r)____________________

8 0 .4

7 6 .8

17.3

5.0

5 c e n ts ____________________________________
6 c e n ts ___________________ ______ __ _
612 c e n t s ____ ____
/
___
7 c e n ts . __________ __ ________ ____
7 1 / c e n ts ___ _______ ____
2
___
8 c e n ts ______________________ __ __________
9 c e n ts _________ ______ __ ________ ______ _
1 ce n ts ___
0
__
___
_
1 c e n t s __________________________________
2
14 ce n ts'____________________ ____ _______
15 c e n t s ________ __________ __
. .
16 c e n t s ______ _ .... .........
18 c e n ts
_
_ ___
_.
....
.
2 c e n t s __________________________________
0
2 9 V 3 c e n ts------------------------------------------------

9.7
3.9
1.7
2 .4

1.9
-

2 .4

-

.3
.3
4 .7
2 .4
1.3
2.9
_

.3
_
-

W ith sh ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________

1 .8
2
13 .8
-

1.7
10 .5
2.9
3 .0

6
.6

1 .1
2

7 .0
-

9 .6
4 .6
2 .4
3.7

2 .2
1
1 .4

.8

2
.1
.2

.2
.1
-

.2
.2
1
.8
_
.4
.5

-

1
.8
2 .2
1

-

1 .4

-

.2
1
.0
.2

-

-

____ __

3 .2

8
.2

1.5

.3

5 p e rc e n t _____ ___
1 p e rc e n t ____
0
_____
15 p e r c e n t __ _ _

_
6.7
1.5

1 .4

___

6.7
1.5
“

_
.3
"

F u ll d a y ’ s p a y fo r re d u c e d h o u rs

___

2 .4

2 .4

-

-

.7

1.9

.1

-

2
.2

1
.0

.7

.1

U n ifo rm p e rc e n ta g e ______________

O th er fo r m a l p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l______
W ith no sh ift p a y d iff e r e n tia l _ __

___

__

1
Includes establishm ents currently operating late shifts,
even though they w e re not currently operating late shifts.




.2
-

and establishm ents with fo rm al provisions covering late shifts

11

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istribu tio n of office and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by scheduled w e e k ly hours
of fir s t -s h if t w o r k e r s , T o le d o , O hio, F e b r u a r y 1965)
P L A N T WORKERS

OFFI CE WO R K E R S

W eek ly hours
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s ____

______________________

__ _____

_

U n der 3 7 1/z h o u rs ___ _________________________ _
3 7 V 2 h o u r s ____
__ --------------------------------------- __
O v e r 3 7 V 2 and under 4 0 h o u rs ____________________
4 0 h o u rs __________________
__ _______________________
O v e r 4 0 and under 4 4 h o u r s _____ ________ __ _
4 4 h o u rs________________________________________________
4 7 h o u rs _______________ __ __ ---------------------------------

1
2
3
4

10 0

1

Manufacturing

100

5

Public utilities1
2

10 0

4

^

All industries 3

10 0

1

100

Public utilities 2

100

2

-

2

-

1

-

-

91

96

89

91

100

(4)

-

-

1

(4 )
-

-

-

7

2

86

-

7

2

5
1

2

Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other pu blic u tilities.
Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 percen t.




Manufacturing

1

4

2

shown s e p a ra te ly .

-

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly , T o le d o , O h i o , F e b r u a r y 1965)

OFFICE WORKERS

P LA N T WORKERS

Item
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts provid in g
paid h o lid a y s _______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e stab lish m en ts pro vid in g
no paid h o lid a y s ___________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99

10 0

10 0

96

98

10 0

-

-

4

2

-

_

_

11
4

-

1
1

16

24

18

22
-

1

1
10
1
20

z

( 4)

N u m b e r of days

3 h o lid a y s ______________________ ____________________
5 h o lid a y s ___________ ________________________________

6 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
6 h o lid ays plus 1 h alf day _________________________
6 h olid ays plus 2 h alf d a y s ________________________
7 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o lid ay s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o lid a y s plus 4 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y _________________________
8 h o lid ay s plus 2 h alf d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ___________________________________________

.
( 4)
33

2
12
11

12

9

15

16

5

2
8

19

31

(4)
8
1

( 4)

1

55
-

8

14

16
3
10
3
24

15
5

6
4
35

22
52
-

8

_

T o tal h o lid ay tim e 5

10 d a y s __ _____________________________________________
9 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------8 V2 days o r m o r e --------------- ----------------------------------8 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
7 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------6 V2 days o r m o r e ____________________________________
6 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o r e ______________________________________
3 day s o r m o r e -------------- -------------------------------------

1

_

25
25
42
64
67

40
40
57
85
89

8
8
62
84
84

99
99
99

10 0
10 0
10 0

10 0
10 0
10 0

( 4)

_
27
27
40
69
70
94
95
96

_
40
40
50
85

.

8
8

86

60
82
82

96
96
98

10 0
10 0
10 0

Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 percent.
A l l com binations of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bined; fo r ex am p le, the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu des those with 7 fu ll days and
no h alf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on.
P ro p o rtio n s w e r e then cum ulated.
1
2
3
4
5




16
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h i o , F e b r u a r y 1965)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V ac a tio n p o licy

A ll w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

Public utilities3

Manufacturing

All industries 2

Manufacturing

All industries4

Public utilities3

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

10
0

98
46
51
-

10
0

94

10
0
10
0

98

97
3
-

M ethod of paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s _______ _____ _______________ ____ ______
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t________________________
P e rc e n ta g e paym en t______________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________

6
-

-

6
2
35
-

1

1

2

-

94

6
-

2

Am ount of v acation p a y 5
A fte r 6 m onths of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _____________ ___________________________________

1

2

5
50

1
0
2

7
60
16
3

_
4

25

35

1
2
1

_

1
6

6

( 6)

-

-

A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e

1

w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w eek s
_
________ _______
_ __________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2

27
69
( 6)
3

1
2
82

1
6

77
23
_
-

-

61

2
0
1
1
4
-

1

j
:

49
29

1
2
6
.

2

95
5
_
_
-

A fte r 2 y e a r s of se rv ic e

1

w e e k __ ______________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________ ______ _ ________ _________
_
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2

4
4

8
8
1
4

3
90

1
6

1
1
34
55
-

-

44
19
29
5
-

1

43
28
18
7
-

2

47
7
46
"

A fte r 3 y e a rs of s e rv ic e

1

w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________________________________________________

2

1
-

91
3

_
-

8
6

_
-

10
0

5
3

3

6

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

2

1
2

13
31
48

47
29

5
-

7
-

1
1

1

2

_
-

10
0
-

A fte r 4 y e a r s of s e r v ic e

1

w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________________
w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s ------ ------ ---------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and under 4 w e e k s __________________________
4 w e e k s _________ ____________ _______ _____ _______ ______

2

91

2
2

8
6

_
-

10
0

See footnotes at end of table.




4
4

6

-

'

3

"

"

1
2

1
1

28
51

42
33

5
-

7
-

1
1

2
2

_
-

10
0
-

17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , T o l e d o , O h i o , F e b r u a r y 1965)

O FF ICE W O R K ER S

P L A NT WORKERS

V acation p olicy
All industries 2

Manufacturing

_
87
3
6
3
-

79
5
10
6
-

_
34
4
55
2
5

_
30
6
52
4
8

_

_
23
6
58
4
8

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

2
10
62
12
7
4
1

15
46
18
11
6
2

_

_

18
40
24
9
7

57

-

2
23
26
36
6
5

_
40
_
60
-

2
19
26
40
6
5

17
38
27
9
7

42
6
53
_
-

Public utilities3

A m ou nt o f v a c a t io n p a y 5— Co ntinued
A fte r 5 years of s e rv ic e
1 week
._
_ .
.....
. . .
O v e r 1 and un de r 2 w e e k s
...
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 weeks
.. ..
_
. ..
. ..
. _
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s _________________________
___ _
____ ..
4 weeks _
.

_
-

_
_
100
_
_
_
-

_

_
_
100
_
_
_
-

A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 weeks
.
. .. .. .................... . ....... . .......
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 weeks
..
_
.. ............... ............ . . . .
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s
_
....
4 weeks
.. ..

_
51
_
49
_

_
_

43
-

A f t e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 week
.
.. .. .
.. .....
....
2 weeks
..
_
... ... _.
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s _________________________
_
3 weeks
._
. .......
O v e r 3 and unde r 4 w e e k s
.
. .
.
. .
.
4 weeks
_ _
...
. ...

27
4
62
2
5

_

_

A f t e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________ ____ _ _ _ __ _
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and un de r 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 weeks
. .. ....
. .
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

_

_

_

8
_
84
1
7

7
81
1
11

6
_
94
_

2
6
1
61
19
10

_
4
1
50
28
14

_
97
_
_

-

-

-

( 6)

( 6)

-

_
6
42
52
-

2
5
49
20
19
5

46
29
12
7

_

2
5
32

3
33

A f t e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

_
8
52
1
38
2

_
7
40
1
48
3

_
3

_
3

_
3
36

61
-

A f t e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v i c e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 weeks
....
.
.
..
.
O v e r 3 and un de r 4 w e e k s
.
_
4 weeks _
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

_

_

8
25

7
17

6
( 6)

1

1

64
2

72

94

3

"

13

42
5

_

19
35
7

_
3

1
.

96
-

1 In clu de s b a s i c plans only.
E x cl u d es plans such as v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s and th os e plans w h i ch o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b en e fi t s b e yon d b a s i c pl ans to w o r k e r s w ith qu al if yi n g
lengths
of s e rv ic e .
T y p i c a l o f such ex c l u s io n s a r e pla ns in the s t e e l , a lu m in u m , and can in d u s t ri e s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o l e s a l e tr a de ; r e t a i l t r a de ; fi n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad dition to t ho se i n d u st ry d iv is i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot h er public u t i li t i e s .
4 Inc lud es data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in addition to those in d u s t ry d i v is i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
5 Inclu des p a y m e n t s ot h er than " le n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n t a g e of annual e a rn i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u i v a l en t t i m e b a s is ; f o r e x a m p l e , a pay m e nt o f 2 p e r c e n t
of annual ea r n in g s was c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k ' s pay. P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t a r i l y c h os en and do not n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t the i n d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n s .
For
e x a m p le , the ch anges
in p r o p o r t i o n s ind ic at ed at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e include chan ges in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s a r e c u m u la t i v e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g
3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
af t e r 5 y e a r s inc lu d es tho se who r e c e i v e 3 w e e k s ' pa y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .




18
Tabic B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
( P e r c e n t of o f f i c e and plant w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s and in i n d u st r y d i v is i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b li s h m e n ts p ro v id i n g
health, i n s u ra n ce , o r p e n s io n b e n e fit s , 1 T o l e d o , Ohio, F e b r u a r y 196 5)1
5
4
3
*
OFFICE WORKERS

pl ant w o r k e r s

F v p e of b e n e f i t
All industries ^

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

! --------------------------------------

__

100

L i f e in s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t
i n s u r a n c e _________________________________________
S ic kn es s and ac c id e n t i n su r a n ce or
sick le a v e o r both 5 _____________________________

94

98

69

82

83

90

A l l w o r k e r s ________________________________________

100

100

100

100

97

97

97

97

40

72

77

39

56

92

97

60
17

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g :

S ic k ne ss and a cc id e nt i n s u r a n c e ___________
Sick l e a v e (f ul l pay and no
w a it i n g p e r i o d ) _______________________________
Sick l e a v e ( p a r t i a l pa y or
w a it in g p e r i o d ) _______________________________

60

82

10

81

91

58

70

16

5

4

8

6

1

30

8

4

35

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n i n s u r a n c e _______________________
S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n c e ________________________________
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e _____________________________ __
C a ta s tr o p h e i n s u r a n c e ___________________________
R e t i r e m e n t p e n s i o n _______________________________
No health, in s u r a n c e , o r p en s io n p l a n _______

88
88
77
66
84

98
98
94
69
93

1 00
100
100
91
62

98
97
83
26
81

100
100
88
25
91

100
100
100
76
58

!

1 Inc ludes those plans f o r w hi ch at l e a s t a p a r t of the c o s t is b o rn e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t t ho se l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a ti o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
" Inc ludes data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fi na n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e st a t e ; and s e r v i c e s , in add it io n to thos e i n d u s t r y d i v is io n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot her pu blic u t i li t ie s .
4 Inc ludes data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l tr a d e , r e a l e st a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad dit io n to thos e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
5 U ndu pli cat ed tot a l of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g si ck l e a v e o r s i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e l y b e l o w .
Si ck l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to th os e wh ich d e f i n i t e l y e s ta b li s h at le a s t
the m in i m u m n u m b er of da ys' pay that can be e x p e c t e d by eac h e m p l o y e e .
I n f o r m a l s ic k l e a v e a l lo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv i d u a l b a s i s a r e e xc lud ed .




19

Table B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of o f f ic e and p l a n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s by f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , To led o , Ohio, F e b r u a r y 1965)
Ol-TIt'E WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Sick l e a v e p r o v i s i o n
All industries 1

Public utilities 1
2

Manufacturing

All industries 3

Manufacturing

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

Public utilities2

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

63. 8

71.0

45. 7

13. 4

7. 3

43. 3

36. 2

29. 0

54. 3

86. 6

92. 7

56. 7

U niform plan :4
N o w ai ti n g p e r i o d - __ — __ _ _ ____________
F u ll pay 5 ------------------- --5 day s _ _ ---------------- -- ---------- -------------------7 days - - - - - --------10 d a y s - _____ _____ __ ____ — ---- --------12 da ys ---------_ --------------- ------18 d a v s ______________________________________
10 da ys p e r d i s a b i l i t y . _____ ___ _________
F u ll pay plus p a r ti a l p a y — - — ----------- :
Wa iti ng p e r io d , p a r ti a l pay o n l y .
-------------- ;

34.
33.
7.
1.
5.
4.
6.
Z.
.
.

33. 8
33. 0
10. 0
2. 3
1.4
11.5
3. 4
.8

16. 2
16. 2
10. 4

4. 3
3. 3
.7
.4
1. 0
. 8

3. 7
2. 1
. 3
1. 5

8. 3
8. 3
8. 3
-

Gradu ate d p l a n 4— A f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e :
No wa iti ng p e r i o d - — _ _ _ _ _ ______ _ _____
F u ll pav 5 _ ------------ ---- --------------------5 day s __ __ - — — — _ ____ ___________
10 d a y s — ----- -------- -- - — ----- -------------11 days
----------- ---------------------20 d a y s ----------------- — ---------- —
F u l l pay plus p a r ti a l pa y. --------------P a r t i a l pay only _ ---------------------- ------------W ai ti n g p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------F u ll pay- —
- — ------------ ----------------- — --F u l l pay plus p ar ti a l payP a r t i a l pav onlv _ _ _ _ _ . ------------------

24. 5
20. 8
5. 0
2. 0
1 1. 0
1. 4
2. 4
1. 4
4. 7
1. 4
3. 3

36. 4
34. 3
8. 4
3. 4
17. 8
2. 4
1. 2
.9
-

3. 5
1. 0
2. 5
4. 7
.8
1. 2
2. 6

2. 2
2. 2
1.4
1.4

35. 0
14. 8
20. 2

29. 7
21 .2
2. 0
5. 0
10. 6
1. 4
7. 0
.9
3. 5
1. 4
-

37. 2
35. 1
3. 4
8. 4
17. 8
2. 4
1. 2
. 2
. 9
-

29. 5
29. 5
8. 2
21 .3

2. 2
-

20. 2
20. 2
20. 2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6. 0
3. 5
2. 7
2. 5
2. 2
1 . 2
. 9

A l l w o r k e r s . -----------

---------------- ---------------------

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i a i n g
f o r m a l paia sic k le a v e - __ „ — -------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
no f o r m a l paid sic k l e a v e — ----------------------T y p e and amount of paid sick
l e a v e p r o v i d e d annually

Gra du at ed p l a n 4— A f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e :
N o w ai ti n g p e r i o d —
_ - __ __ ------------ —
Full p a y 5
. _ _ .
--------------------------- ___
15 d a y s . . —
— — — ---- ----------Z0 d a y s . ----- — - --------- - — — ---54 d a y s ___ — __ — _________________ __
110 d a ys - --------------------- — ----------------F u l l pay plus p a r t i a l pay 5 __ -------- 10 d a y s . _
----- - - — ----------- 65 d a y s . - — ---- ---------- -- _ --------------P a r t i a l pay only — — ---------------------- -------Wa iti ng p e r i o d - -------- --- - - - - - - ------F u l l pay plus p a r t i a l pay- — — - -------P a r t i a l pay o n l y ----- — -------------— -----

1
6
8
4
Z
6
8
0
5
1

|

1
j

|
1

5. 8
-

29. 5
29. 5

-

-

;

-

-

2. 2
1.4
1. 4

14. 8
14. 8

3

8. 3

-

"

P r o v i s i o n s f o r a cc u m u la t io n
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s having
p r o v i s i o n s f o r a cc u m u la t io n
of unused sic k l e a v e ---------------------------------------------------

j
19. 8

23. 8

7. 5

.

9

.

1 Includ es data f o r w h o l e s a l e tra ue: r e t a i l t r a d e ; financ e, in su r a n ce , and r e a l e st a t e ; ana s e r v i c e s , in a ddi ti on to those in du st ry d i v i s i o n s shown s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c om m u n ic a t io n , and ot h er public u t il i t ie s .
3 in cl ud es data f o r w h o le s a l e t ra de, r e t a i l tra de, r e a l esta te, and s e r v i c e s , in a ddi ti on to those in du st ry d i v i s i o n s sh own s e p a r a t e l y .
4 " U n i f o r m p la n s " a r e d e fin ed as those f o r m a l plans una er w hi ch an e m p l o y e e , a f t e r 1 y e a r of s e r v i c e , is ent itle d to the s a m e n u m b e r of d ay s ' paid si ck le a v e each y e a r .
"G ra d u at e d
p l a n s " a r e de fi n ed as th ose f o r m a l plans under w hic h an e m p l o y e e ' s l e a v e v a r i e s a c c o r d i n g to le ngth o f s e r v i c e .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y chosen.
Estim ates reflect provisions
a p p li c a b le at the stated length of s e r v i c e but do not r e f l e c t p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n .
Thus, the p r o p o r t i o n r e c e i v i n g 15 da ys' si ck l e a v e a f t e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v i c e m a y a ls o r e c e i v e this amount
a f te r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r lengths of s e r v i c e .
3 M ay includ e p r o v i s i o n s ot h er than those p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y .
N u m b e r s o f days shown under " F u l l pay plus p a r t i a l p a y " a r e da ys f o r whic h w o r k e r s r e c e i v e si ck l e a v e at full pav ,
w o r k e r s a r e ent itl ed to a ddi ti on al uays of si ck l e a v e at p a r t i a l pay.




20
T able B-8.

Profit-Sharing Plans

( P e r c e n t of of f ic e a nd p l a n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
by ty p e of p l a n , T o le d o , Ohio, F e b r u a r y 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

T y p e of plan
All industries1
2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d in g
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g pl a n s -----------------------------------------

16

9

3

9

5

C )

( )

8

Public utilities 3

4

P l a n s p r o v id i n g f o r c u r r e n t
rli c t vi Fmti rm
;

2

Pl a n s p r o v id i n g f o r d e f e r r e d
d i s t r i b u t i o n -------------------------------------------------

12

5

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r both c u r r e n t and
d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t io n -----------------------------------

2

2

P la n s p r o v id i n g f o r e m p l o y e e ' s c h o i c e o f
m et ho d of d i s t r i b u t i o n --------------------------------

1

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g no
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la ns -----------------------------------------

84

100

1

91

97

91

95

97

1 Th e study was l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans ( l ) ha vin g e s t a b l is h e d f o r m u l a s f o r the a l l o c a t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a re s a m o n g e m p l o y e e s ; (2) w h o s e f o r m u l a s w a r e c o m m u n ic a t e d to the e m p l o y e e s in
adv an ce of the d e t e r m i n a t i o n of p r o fi t s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a c o m m i t m e n t b y the c o m p a n y to m a k e p e r i o d i c c o n tr ib u ti o n s b a s e d on p r o f i t s ; and (4) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e xte nd s to a m a j o r i t y o f the
o f f i c e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o l e s a l e tr a de ; r e t a i l tr a de ; fi na n c e, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v i c e s , in ad d it io n to th os e i n d u s t r y d i v is io n s sh own s e p a r a t e l y .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , and ot he r public u t i li t i e s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l tr a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , and s e r v i c e s , in ad d it io n to th ose in d u s t ry d i v is i o n s shown s e p a r a t e ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator* The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

21




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’s busi­
ness transactions/ Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
23

24

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and inteiprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical worit may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woric typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following; Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—
Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A, Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with die design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse*who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following? Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woric of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US T ODI A L

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting pro
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 19641____________ —..._____1385-80,
Albany—
6chenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 19641 -.......... — 1385-52,
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Apr. 19641 — — — ——
—
1385-61,
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., Feb. 1965-—- 1430-48,
Atlanta, Ga., May 19641 -___________-____________ 1385-73,
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 19641 — ________________ — 1430-27,
Beaumont-Port Arthur, Tex., May 19641 ________ — 1385-70,
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 19641 — ------------------------- 1385-63,
-Boise City, Idaho, July 19641 — —— —— — — 1430-1,
— ——
Boston, Mass., Oct. 19641 -------------------- -------- ----- 1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N.Y., Dec. 19641________________________ 1430-36, 30 cents
Burlington, Vt», Mar. 1964 -_________ .....................— 1385-47, 20 cents
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641 — — — — — — — —
—————
—
1385-64, 25 cents
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 19641 ———
———
——— — 1385-57, 25 cents
—
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 19641 — —— — —— —
— ——
— — 1385-55, 25 cents
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 19641 — —— ......— 1430-10, 25 cents
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ________________________ 1385-66, 30 cents
Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky., Mar. 19641 — —— —— —
— —
1385-58, 25 cents
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 — —— ——
——
—— — 1430-13, 30 cents
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 — — — ——— — 1430-18, 30 cents
— ——
—
Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641 ________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll., Oct. 19641________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965 —
———— ———————
—
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964 ———————
——— — —
—
——
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965._— ——— ———
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19651________________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 19641____________________
Green Bay, Wis., Aug. 19641 —— ————— —
——
Greenville, S.C., May 19641 —— ——— ——
—
— — ——
Houston, Tex., June 19641 — ——— — — — ——
—
Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964— —— —— —
__
—— ——
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1965.__ —— — ———— —
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1965 1_— ——
—— —— —
—
Kansas City, Mo.-Kans., Nov. 1964— _—
....——
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.—
N.H., June 19641 — —
—
Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 19641 —
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 19641 — —
Louisville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1_1430-42, 25 cents
Lubbock, Tex., June 19641 — — —
——— ............
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 19641 ——
——— — — —
—— —————
—
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965.__ ——— —
l

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,
1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,

1385-75, 25 cents
1430-4, 25 cents
1430-40, 25 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Miami, Fla., Dec. 1964— —— — —
— —
— — — —— 1430-29,
— — — — 1385-56,
__
Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1964—.—_—— —
MinneapolisHSt. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1—— — —
— 1430-39,
MuskegonHMuskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641 —— 1385-71,
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb, 1965——— —— 1430-45,
——
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1 9 6 5 1 4 3 0 - 3 4 ,
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964 — — —— —
— — — — — — 1385-42,
New York, N.Y., Apr. 19641______________________ 1385-72,
NorfolkHPortsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1964—
1385-77,
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 19641 ——— — —
—
1430-5,
Omaha, Nebr.-iowa, Oct. 1964 —— —— — — — 1430-17,
—
—
Pater soir-Clifton-Passaic, N.J., May 19641 — — — 1385-62,
Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., Nov. 19641________________ 1430-28,
Phoenix, Ariz., Mar. 19641
1385-54,
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651 —
—————
——
— 1430-41,
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964 — —— ———— —
— —
——
1430-21,
Portland, Oreg.-Wash., May 19641 —
—— — — —
—
1385-67,
Providence—
Pawtucket, R.I.-Mass,, May 1964—.—
1385-65,
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964 ———
— —— — —— — 1430-6,
—
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1964 — —— — ——
———
—— 1430-19,
Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641 — — — — — —— — 1385-60,
— —— — — —
St. Louis, Mo.-m., Oct. 19641____________________ 1430-22,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1___________ — ___ 1430-33,
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964 —— — —
— — ———— —
1385-74,
San Bernardino—
Riverside-Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1964 — —
— —
— —
—— — — — — 1430-8,
San Diego, Calif., Sept. 1 9641
1430-12,
San Francis co-Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1965 1.............. — 1430-37,
Savannah, Ga., May 19641 ———— — — —
— ——
— — 1385-69,
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964———— — — — —
— ——
1430-2,
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964________________________ 1430-9,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964— — — —— —
—
— 1430-15,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19641_____________________ 1385-51,
Spokane, Wash., May 1964— —
— —————— — — 1385-78,
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 19651 — — — ——
—— — — —— — —
1430-50,
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 19641________________________ 1430-35,
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va., Oct. 19641_____________ 1430-14,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1965— — — — — — — 1430-49,
— —— —
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641______________________ 1430-23,
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641 ______________________ 1430-11,
Worcester, Mass., June 19641 — — ——................... 1385-79,
York, Pa., Feb. 1965------------------------------------------- 1430-46,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents
20
25
25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102