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WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT
MARCH 1965
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Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 9




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UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
WATERBURY, CONNECTICUT




MARCH 1 9 6 5

B u lletin No. 1 4 3 0 -4 9
April 196S

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Claque, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

A t the end o f each su rvey , an in dividu al a re a bu l­
letin p resen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each a re a studied. A fte r
com pletion o f a ll o f the individual a re a b u lletin s fo r a
round o f s u rv e y s , a tw o -p a rt sum m ary b u lletin is issu ed.
The fir s t p a rt brin gs data fo r each o f the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bulletin. The second p a rt presen ts
in form ation w hich has been p ro je c te d fro m in dividu al m e t­
ropolitan a re a data to re la te to econ om ic regio n s and the
United States.
E igh ty-tw o a rea s c u rre n tly a re included in the
p ro g ra m . In form ation on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d
annually in each area . In form ation on estab lish m en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost o f the a rea s.

Introduction________________________________________________ ____________________
W age trends fo r s e le c te d occu pational grou p s_____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

E stablish m en ts and w o rk e rs w ithin scope o f su rvey and
num ber stu d ied ______________________________________________________
Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e hourly
earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupational grou ps, and p ercen ts o f
in c re a s e fo r s e lected p e r io d s ______________________________________
Occupational ea rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations— en andw om en___________________________
m
A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ica l occupations— en and w o m e n ..
m
A - 3. O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations—
m en and w om en co m b in ed __________________________________
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplan t occupations___________________
A -5 . C u stodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occu p a tion s____________

2

2

4
5

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational d e s c rip tio n s ________________________________ 10
B. Occupational d e s c rip tio n s _____________________________________________ 11

T h is bu lletin p resen ts resu lts o f the su rvey in
W a terb u ry, Conn. , in M a rch 1965. It w as p re p a re d in the
Bureau*s re g io n a l o ffic e in B oston, M a ss. , by L e o E pstein ,
under the d ire c tio n o f P a u l V . M u lkern , A ssista n t R egio n a l
D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In d u strial R ela tion s.




1
3

00 -vj o

Th e Bureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occupational w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n a rea s is d e ­
signed to p ro v id e data on occupational earn in gs, and e s ta b ­
lishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s . It
yie ld s d eta iled data by s e le c te d industry d ivisio n s fo r each
o f the a rea s studied, fo r econ om ic re g io n s , and fo r the
United S tates. A m a jo r con sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t o f w ages
by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c ­
tu re and le v e l o f w a ges among a rea s and industry d ivisio n s.

a rea s.

iii

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re a va ila b le fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r .)




Occupational Wage Survey—
Waterbury, Conn.
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iv e n occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, re fe r e n c e is to the w o rk
schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r which s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.

T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in w hich the U. S. D epartm ent o f L a b o r ls
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lletin p resen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym en t and
earnings in fo rm a tio n obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la s t p revio u s su rvey fo r
occupations re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e m ade
to nonrespondents and to those respondents re p o rtin g unusual changes
since the p revio u s su rvey.

T h e a v e ra g e s presen ted r e fle c t com p osite, a rea w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
rela tion sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age sp read o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tab lish m en ts. O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin estab lish ed rate ran ges, since only the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d escrip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

In each a re a , data a re obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e estab­
lish m en ts w ithin s ix b road indu stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tra n s ­
portation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u s trie s . E stablishm ents
having fe w e r than a p re s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re om itted because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a re p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
broad indu stry d ivisio n s which m eet pu blication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the unn ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o st, a g r e a te r p rop ortion of
la r g e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establish m en ts a re g iven th e ir ap p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establish m en ts studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establish m en ts in the indu stry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p resen t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ith in the scope o f the study and not the number actu ally
su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tablish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e r v e only to in dicate the re la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the accu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a r e com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and p ow er plant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tio n s design ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e job .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d e scrib ed a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables b ecau se e ith e r (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro v id e enough data to m e rit presen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individu al establishm ent data.




E stablishm ent P r a c t ic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
Tabulations on s e le c te d establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supple­
m en tary w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s ta b les) a re not p resen ted in this
b u lletin .
In form ation fo r these tabulations is c o lle c te d bien n ially in
this a rea .
T h ese tabulations on m inim um entrance s a la rie s
fo r
in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled
w e e k ly hours; paid h olid ays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) in previou s
bulletins fo r this a re a .

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in sco p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in W a t e r b u r y ,
b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , 2 M a r c h 1965)
N u m b e r of e s ta b lish m e n ts

M in im u m
em ploym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ith in scope
o f study 3

Conn. , 1

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts

W ith in scope
o f s tu d y 4

Studied

Studied

134

66

39, 400

30, 530

50
-

91
43

39
27

34, 000
5, 400

26, 560
3, 970

50
50
50
50
50

8
3
19
7
6

8
1
10
3
5

1, 700
300
1, 800
1, 000
600

1, 700
100
1, 050
630
490

A l l d iv is io n s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------T ra n s p o rta tio n , c om m u n ication , and
o th e r p u blic u tilitie s 5 --------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le tra d e 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e 6----------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l esta te 6 ------------------------------S e r v ic e s 6 7--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1 The W a t e r b u r y Stan d ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is ts o f the c ity o f W a t e r b u r y ; b o ro u g h o f N au gatu ck ; the tow ns o f B e a c o n F a l l s ,
C h e s h ir e , M id d le b u ry , P r o s p e c t , and W o lc o tt in N e w H av en County; and T h o m asto n and W a te rto w n in L it c h fie ld County. The " w o r k e r s w ith in scop e
of stu d y " e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p ro v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s itio n o f the la b o r fo r c e in c lu d e d in the s u rv e y .
The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e a s a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th er e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo y m en t
tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce ( l ) plan n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad van ce of the p a y r o ll p e rio d
stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d fr o m the scop e o f the s u rv e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the S tan d ard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 In clu des a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to tal em p lo y m en t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A l l outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s trie s a s t ra d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu des a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo y m e n t (w ith in the a r e a ) at o r ab o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a t e r tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a ra te study, (2) the s a m p le w a s not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e rm it s e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in adequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o tels; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m otion p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r it a b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and e n g in e e rin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

-Indexes o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s and s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p atio n al g r o u p s in
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r c h 1965 and M a r c h 1964, and p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Indexe s
(M a r c h 1961=100)

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e

In d u stry and o c c u p atio n al g ro u p
M a r c h 1965

M a r c h 1964

M a r c h 1964
to
M a r c h 1965

M a r c h 1963
to
M a r c h 1964

M a r c h 1962
to
M a r c h 1963

M a r c h 1961
to
M a r c h 1962

M a r c h I960
to
M a r c h 1961

A l l in d u s trie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )--------In d u s tria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )----S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )--------------------U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) ------------------------------

110.
108.
109.
109.

6
8
5
8

107.
106.
106.
107.

6
2
7
8

2.
2.
2.
1.

8
4
6
8

3. 1
0
1. 5
1 .4

2 .7
3. 5
2. 2
3. 5

1.
2.
2.
2.

6
6
9
7

2.
5.
2.
1.

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )--------In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m e n and w o m e n )----S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )--------------------U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) ------------------------------

110.
108.
109.
109.

2
9
0
3

107.
106.
106.
107.

8
8
3
3

2.
2.
2.
1.

3
0
5
8

3.
.
1.
.

3.
3.
2.
3.

1.
3.
2.
3.

6
1
8
4

2. 3
4 .9
2. 7
2. 8

0
5
3
5

0
0
1
3

2
5
8
8

3
W a g e T ren d s fo r Selected O ccu p atio n al G rou p s
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f selected plant w o rk e r groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses, the p e r ­
centages of change re la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m easu re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s , excluding prem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r s e lected k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portant job s w ithin each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
class A and B; c le r k s , f ile , cla ss A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a yro ll; C om p tom eter o p era to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla ss A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ogra p h ers, ge n e ra l; ste n o g ra ­
ph ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era to rs; tabu lating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
class B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on men and w om en in d u strial nu rses.
M en in the follow in g
8 sk illed m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled jobs a re included in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tric ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; p ain ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m akers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te ria l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings w e r e
computed fo r each o f the s e lected occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
or hourly earnings w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym ent in each of
the jobs during the p erio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individual occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g reg a te fo r
each occupational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen tage)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n c e between the resu lt and 100 is
the percen tage o f change fro m the one p erio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltiplyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and percen tages o f change m ea su re, p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l sa la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it or other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individu al w o rk e rs w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the labor fo rc e
resu ltin g fro m lab or tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ctions,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the lab or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and low er
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a reduction in the p rop ortion of lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem ent of
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earnings to drop , even though no change in ra tes occu rred in other
establishm ents in the area.
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffect
of changes in the p rop ortion of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The percen tages of change r e fle c t only changes in
a vera g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

4

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an are a b asis
by industry division, W ^terbury, Conn., M arch 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

Under
S
and
under
45
50

SIM

*

$
45

50

t
55

6 0

t

$

$
65

7 0

75

*
3 0

55

60

_

_

S
95

S

S

$
1 0 0

1 0 5

$
1 1 5

1 1 0

$
1 2 0

S

$

65

7 0

75

8 0

85

9 0

1 3 0

1 3 5

and

1 3 5

1 2 5

over

22

39.3

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------------

16

40 .0

124.00

122.50

9 8 .00-157.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

20
18

40 .0
4 0 .0

90 .5 0
9 3.00

92 .5 0
94,00

8 . 4 ^ 5 0 - 1 0 2 ,0 Q

3 9 .0

7 3,0.0.

7 7.50

5 3 .5 0-

9 2.50

-

2

39.0

65 .5 0

6 3 .5 0

6 1 .0 0-

67 .5 0

-

-

_
“

_
-

~

-

4

4

3

-

2
2

2

_

_

1

9 5

1 0 0

1

1

3

1

2

2

4

3

1

2

1

3

CLERKS,..ACC0.UNT.W6j . CLASS A ------------

8 3 .00-101.00

$
9 0

-

$
$
U 2 .0 Q . 115,50

$
$
9 9 *5 0 -1 24 ,0 0

*
85

-

2

-

-

-

3

-

2

2

34

-

-

-

-

_

3

7

~

3

2

_
-

_

-

1 1 5

1 1 0

1 0 5

1 2 0

1 2 5

_

1

1

1

4

2

3

3

3

1

1

-

-

-

1

4

2

3

3

3

1

1

-

1

1

1

1

-

2

6

1

1

-

~

3

3

24

7

2

2

-

-

-

-

_

_

5

-

-

1
1

6
6

12
11

16
14

10

19
16
3

17

1n

5

10

5

5

R
7

7

5

~

1

1 30

_

_

-i

MQMEN
BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
M ACH IN E)--------------------------------------------------

24

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------

64

.

6

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

127
114

40 .0
4 0 .0

100.00
9 9.00

99 .0 0
9 8 .0 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

CLERKS,

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

103
75
28

39 .5
3 9.5
3 9.5

7 4.00
7 5.00
70.50

74.00
74.00
75.50

6 4 .5 0 6 5 .5 06 0 .5 0-

82.50
85.00
81.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

18
17

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

82.00
8 0.00

81.00
8 0.00

7 1 .0 0 7 1 .0 0-

91 .0 0
8 9.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

29
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9.00
70.00

70.00
7 2.00

5 9 .5 06 2 .0 0-

79.50
79.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------NQNM ANUF ACT UR I N G ------------------------------

24
24

38.5
3 8.5

5 4.50
5 4 .5 0

5 4 .5 0
5 4.50

5 0 .0 05 0 .0 0-

58.00
5 8.00

-

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

28
27

40 .0
4 0.0

84.00
8 2.00

86.00
8 5.50

7 9 .0 07 8 .5 0-

9 0.00
R 9 .50

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

97
88

8 5.50
86 .5 0

85.50
8 6.00

7 6 .0 07 7 .5 0-

9 5.00
95 .0 0

-

-

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

33

8 5.00
8 6 .0 0

8 5.00
86.00

7 7 .5 07 8 .5 0-

9 2 .5 0
9 5.50

-

-

30

4 0 .0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

50
43

39.5
4 0 .0

74.50
7 5.50

74.50
7 5 . 50

6 7 .5 06 8 .0 0 -

82.00
84.00

-

-

SECRETAR I E S ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3 06
271
35

40 .0
40.0
38.5

10 3 . 0 0

102.00

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

-

104.50
92 .5 0

103.50
9 3.00

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 7 .5 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1 16
10 6

39.5

8 2.00

8 2.50
8 3.50

7 3 .5 07 5 .on-

2

-

-

~

2

-

_

-

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

4

_

4

_

_

7

-

-

-

4

-

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS B -------------

MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

39.5

40.0

83 .5 0
9 5.50

97.50

9 2.50
9 2.50

4

_

_

_

-

3

2

3

2

1
1

1
1

7

4

4

4

_

_

1

_

2

4

4

1
1

_

5

6
6
1
1

2
2

30
27
3

23
18

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

2

3

~

2

3

5
5

n
q

4

9
7

7

5

3

2

18
l 8

9

~

9

13
15

n
i i

-

-

-

_

5

i
l

-

4
7

4

0

6

R

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

1

3

17
15

-

-

3

5

-

9 6 .0 0

9 7.50

79 .0 0
87.00

81.00
87.50

7 0 .5 0 - 94 .5 0
77 .0 0-1 0 0 .0 0

-

4
-

39.0

6 2.50

5 5.00

5 0 .0 0-

“

4

9
4

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

1

-

_

-

-

1
1

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

_

5

3

1
1

_

_

3

2
2

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

"

-

-

31
31

22
22

I

2
_

39.5
39.5

4

2

3

45
30
15

5

8

4

9

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS---------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

_

2
2

7

9

39.5
39.5

9

~

2

7
7

-

2
1
1

3

5
6

~

3
3

3

4
4

-

12
12

3

5

_

19
17

3

4

-

3
7

?4

1
19
17

1
1

4

102
94




_
-

?

~

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,

_
~

8 5 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

7 7.50

1

5

7
25

4

7

in

3

8

7
4

5

8

5

3

10

5

7

7

8

26

39

16

77

4

3

37
7

14

16

17

11

1 4

1 4

13

4

4
4

7
7

?n

16

5

7

4

30
28
2

5

-

4

3

1

13

11

4

2

Q

6

1 3

9

12

14

12

11

13

9

12

11

12
12

l

~

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

_

1

17

17
17

13
13

17
14
3

17
16

-

4

5

6

14

12

10

3

1

1

7

4

5

3

5

3

7

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

7

2

5

3

3

3

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

7

-

-

2

*

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , W a t e r b u r y , C on n . , M a r c h 1965)
We ekl y ear ni ngs1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Number of workers receiv ing straight -time weekly earnings of —
$

Average
wee kl y
hours1
(standard'

$

$

i

o ccu p atio n ,

WOMEN -

and

in d u stry

d iv isio n

Me di an 2

Mi ddle range 2

%

$

%

$

*

$

$

S

*

♦

$

$

S

t

*

60

66

70

75

80

86

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

55

60

65

79

75

80

35

93

Q6

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

over

3
3

“

6

2
7

7

3
3

4

~

10
8

7

“

Under
Mean 2

5 5

50

Sex,

50

1
1

1
1
"

'

45

and
under

$
45

and

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

40
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
7 5 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

$
7 4 . 0Q
7 7 . 50

$
6 7 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 -

$
8 5 .0 0
8 6 ,5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

22
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 8 4 .5 0 -

9 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

_

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

41
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

7 1 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

6 5 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

8 3 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

_

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

90
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 9 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

8 0 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

7 3 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -

8 6 .0 0

_

86.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

117

3 9 .5

89
28

3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

6 9 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 4 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 -

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t th e
2 T he m e a n is co m p u ted fo r e
th an th e r a t e sh o w n ; h alf r e c e iv e le s
the h ig h e r r a t e .
* A ll w o rk e rs w e re at $165

"

_

_

_

~

~

~

_

_

_

~

~

8
5

2
7
7

_

7

-

-

l
1

2
2

3
3

6

n

6
6

4
4

4
4

4

6
R
8

18
18

15
15

7?
77

3?
75
7

23
17
6

16
11

3

4

1

4

1

3
1

2
_
-

_
-

_
-

12

~

'

'

4

R

?n

16
4

to

4
4

3
3

16

6

16

6

2
2

2
2

3
7

3
3

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

~

-

_

-

-

1
1

4

2
2

1
1

-

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
stra ig h t-tim e

w e e k ly h o u rs an d e a r n in g s for s e le c te d o ccu p a tio n s stu d ied
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r c h 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

o ccu p atio n ,

and

Number
of
workers

in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber

90
Mean 2
1

Median 2

Middle range 2

b as is

of w o r k e rs re c e iv in g s t ra ig h t-tim e
w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

95

1 00

105

119

H S

120

176

1 00

1 05

HO

11 5

1 29

17 6

139

7

6

1
1

and
under
96

i

Sex,

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

on an a re a

to

2

S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o r k w e e k
th ese w e ek ly h o urs.
F o r

d efin itio n

of

te rm s,

see

fo r w h ic h

footnote

2,

°
°

o °

O O

1
spond

30
29

o o

W
0!|1E
N
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

em p lo y e e s

ta b le

$
104.00
107.50

re c e iv e

$
$
9 6 .5 0 9 6 .5 0 -

th eir

115.00 5
114.00 6

re g u la r

9
9

stra ig h t-tim e

2
2

5
5

sa la rie s

3

and

A -l.

D a t a w e r e n o t c o l l e c t e d f o r d r a f t s m e n a n d t r a c e r s d u e to th e r e v i s i o n of o c c u p a t i o n a l
d e s c r ip tio n s , w h ic h
w e re
rev ised
to f a c i l i t a t e
im p ro v e d c la ss ific a tio n .
(S e e a p p e n d ix A .)
It w a s n o t f e a s i b l e t o c o l l e c t e a r n i n g s d a t a b y m a i l t h e f i r s t y e a r ; h o w e v e r ,
ea rn in g s d ata
for

d raftsm en

and

tra c e rs

w ill

be

c o lle c te d

by

p erso n al

v isit

and

p u b lish e d

next

~

-

_
-

-

-

_
-

l

$170.

(A verage

~

-

3
3

8

w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s a n d t h e e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
a c h jo b b y to ta lin g th e e a r n i n g s of a l l w o r k e r s a n d d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r of w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o sitio n — h a lf of th e e m p lo y e e s
s th a n th e r a t e sh o w n .
T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s of p ay ; a fo u rth of th e w o r k e r s e a r n le s s th an th e lo w e r of th e s e r a t e s a nd a

o o




39.5

_

7

ye ar.

5

th e

earn in g s

1
-

c o r r e ­

su rv eye d re c e iv e m o re
fo u rth e a r n m o re than

6
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v erage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, W aterbury, Conn. , M arch 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average
Number

Weekly
Wee kly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Occupation and industry division

of

workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

Wee kl y
hours 1
(standard)

Wee kl y
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

3 9 .0

$
7 3 .0 0

CLERKS,
P A Y R O L L ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

98
38

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

$
8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

44

3 9 .0

6 5 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OP ER ATOR S , CL A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

33
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

149
128

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CL A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

50

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------

109
80
29

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

O F F I C E B OY S A ND G I R L S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

22
19

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

19
18

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

307
271
36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 4 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

29
22

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

116
106

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

24
24

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

5 4 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,
S E N I O R -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

103
95

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0
9 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

44
40

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N C N MA N UF A C T U R I N G ------------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MA C HI N E) --------------------------------------------------

24

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------

1 Standard




Average

Occupation and industry division

A
3

A8
33
15

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

SWI TCHBOARD O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

40
35

40.0
40.0

75.00
76.50

T A E U L A T I N G - MA C H I N E OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

42
40

4 0.0
40.0

90.50
91.50

T R A N S C R I B I N G - MA C H I N E OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

41
35

4 0 .0
40.0

73.00
75.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

90
90

40.0
40.0

79.50
79.5 0

TYPISTS,
C L A S S B --------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

117
89
28

39.5
39.5
39.0

71.00
71.50
69.50

30
29

40 .0
40.0

105.00
104.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS

NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL
( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

hours reflect the workweek for which em ployees receive their regu lar straight-tim e sa laries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.

7
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , W a t e r b u r y , C on n. , M a r c h 1965)

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

S
Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

%

1.60

1 .40

%

1.70

1

8C

1 .9 0

*
2 .0 0

2 .1

1.76

l.qn 1

or

?.o o

7.

2 .? 0

*
,

*

0 0 ,,20

1 .60

2.65

$
2 .4 0 2 .4 0 -

3.00
2.98

3 .0 4
3.0 6

2 .9 3 2 .9 2 -

3. 1 3
3.1 1

_

-

1 78

-

~

S T A T I O N A R Y -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

55
54

2.9 6
2 .98

2 .97
2 .97

2 . 0 2 2 .9 3 -

3 . 04

_

-

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

30
27

1.97
2.03

1 .8 6

1 .7 4 1 .7 8 -

2 .4 1
2.4 ?

3

1 .8 8

-

H E L P F R S , M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S ----------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURI NG:

41

2 .49

2 .3 6 2 .3 3 -

_

2.38

2 .4 7
2.44

2 .6 6

26

2.5 1

i o

$
2.9 6
2 .9 6

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

1 85

ENGINEERS,

C
D

$
2.74
2 .74

50
60

2 .6 4

2.60

?..3 0

? .40

2 .9 0

2 .6 0

0 . 7 0 _2L.i _8 IL

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

15

2 .69

2.91

2 .4 0 -

3.03
3.03

3.10
3.1 0

2 .9 1 2 .9 1 -

3.21
3 . 21

ME C HAN I C S,
AUTOMOTI VE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

89
62
62

2.95
2 .99
2.99

2.85
3.20
3.2 0

2 .7 3 2 .7 2 2 .7 2 -

-

-

1
1

9

8

1 47
140

2 .9 3
2.90

2 .96
2.95

2 .8 3 2 .8 3 -

$
3 .3 0

t
3 .4 0

$
3 .5 0

,9 0

3.0 0

3 .1 0

3 . 20

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

over

-

-

1
1

-

5
5

5

16
16

6
6

-

-

-

5

-

-

3 .60

-

13
13

10
10

5
5

25
25

67
67

23
23

2l
21

1
1

3
3

30
30

12
12

1
1

5
5

_

_

8

_

_

_

1

_

-

_

_

1
l

-

l
1

8
8

-

_

1
1

1
1

2

5
6

-

2

3
3

2

_

1

5

-

1

7
3

11

2

11

2

'♦

-

3

-

-

-

_

3

2
7

7

7

7
7

2
2
9

9
O

3

3
3

89

2 .89
2 .89

3 .03
3.03

2 .8 3 2 .8 3 -

3.07
3.07

O I L E R S ---------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

37
37

2.51
2.51

2.5 5
2.55

2 .2 9 2 .2 9 -

2 .7 9
2. 79

_

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

24
23

2 .69
2.73

2.77
2 .78

2 .4 3 2 .5 9 -

2.96
2.96

_

P L U M B E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

44
44

2 .84
2.8 4

2.9 5
2 .95

2 .6 7 2 .6 7 -

3 .04
3 . 04

S HEET- METAL WORKERS, MAI NTENANCE —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

16
16

2.98
2 .98

3.0 4
3.04

3 .0 0 3 .0 0 -

3.07
3 .0 7

62 8
62 8

3.08
3 .08

3.08
3.0 8

2 .9 2 2 .9 2 -

3 .27
3.27

-

-

-

9

l
1

1
1

-

°
-

5

4
4

8
24
24

5

2

4

7
-

1

-

-

-

3
3

5
5

7
7

_

-

5
5

4

-

-

5
5

-

1
1

1
1

_

1
1

holidays,

-

-

-

and late shifts.

-

-

1
1

3

3

3

3

s

4
4

1
1
4
4

6

2

7

_

6
6

8

8
1
1
1
1
41
41

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

7
7

_

1

_

6
6

66

1

8
8

1

2
2

-

19
19
19

3

2

3

8

31
31

25
25

50
50

4
4

1
l

2
2

5
5

5
5

85
55

1

l

2
2

_

_

5
5

3
3

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

1
1

5
5

2
2

1
1

1
1

~

9
9

2

_

1

14
14

2
2
6
6

4

58
58

_

4

-

5
5

52
52

5

-

-

19
19

1
1

-

26
15
15

12 21
0 10 21
9

6 21
6
21

9

2

_

TOOL AND D I E MA KERS ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

-

2
9

_

_

89




$
3 .2 0

t

5

-

--------------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for w ork on weekends,
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ransportation, communication, and other public utilities.

3 .1 0

%

5

1

3.06
3.05

MI LLWRI GHTS

$
3 . on

*

2.9 0

-

1

3.25
3.29
3.2 9

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

$
2 . . 80

-

R

2 .96

268
26 8

PUBLIC

-

5
5

3.04

MACHI NI STS,
M A I N T E N A N C E --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

$
2 ,, 70

0. 40

and
under
1 .50

C A R P E N 1 E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N C ---------------------------------------------

*
>

t
? . on

3
3

1
1
53
53

11 1 6
11 1 6
2 12
2 12
75
75

118
118

_

3

4

_
-

1

"

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

“

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

~

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

67
67

97
97

50
50

47
47

21
21

10
10

8
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r c h 1965)
Hourly earnings2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Middle range3

F
2. 10

2

$
1.962 .11 -

$
2 .47
2 .49

1 .4 0

1

50

1 .6 0

1.. 7 0

1 .8 0

1,, 9 0

2 ,. oo

2 .1 9

2 .7 0

2 .7 0

6

2

10
10

7
1

1
1

8
8

2

“

2

14
14

19
19

2.22-

-

-

1

-

-

7

12

2 .3 0

:$
2 .4 9

$
2 .6 0

2 .4 9

A

$
2 .8 0

2 .6 9

2 .8 0

1?
17

21
21

4
4

2.52

9

ll

-

-

26

$
3 .8 0

F
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

3 .8 C

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

F
4 .4 0

4 .4 0

-

8
2
6

F
3 .6 0

2

and
under

~

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .0 0

40

2.31

2.31

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

52

2.14

2 .18

] .9 3 — 2.46

-

-

-

10

-

1

8

2

7

7

3

10

4 52
318
134

1.94

1.99

56
5

29
29

8
8

45
78

63

14
i 2

1

8

1

~

~

7

56
7

90
99

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

26
17

1.60
1.36

1.36
1.30

1.281.25-

2 .03
1.36

9
9

7
7

_

_

_

2

1

,

_

2

3

_

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING-------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

256
205
51
27

2 .30
2.29
2.34
2.97

2 .29
2.28
2 .79
3.03

1 .891.931 .74 2.98 -

2.63
2.57
3.04
3.07

4

2
7

25
7

3 2
32
-

26
26
-

15
15
-

3
3
-

19
19
-

12

4 5

-

1?
-

44

60

3.37

3.48

2 .64 -

4.16

3 .6 0

5
5
-

-

4

18

17
16

51

22
12
10

26

14

40
1 1
29

24
23

1.41

2.29
2.42
1.57

14

1.55

1.511.871 .34 -

3 .2 0

4

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

<■
*

2.21

$
2.24
2.26

$
2. 15

F

F

^

F
2 .9 0

o

l,.9 0

t

$
1,, 6 0

1

!

Median3

o
>7

1 .7 0

I

m*“

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

F
1,. 6 0

o
o

of

103
92

$
1 .5 0

*

40

1.20

workers

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

$
1

1.30

Occupation1 and industry division

i
1 .3 0

$

Number

ORDER

FILLERS ----------------------------------------

PACKERS,

2.10 2.20

SH IPP I N G ----------------------------------

324

2.58

2.45

2.41 -

2.49

PACKERS, SHIPPING (W OM EN) ----------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

49
49

2.07
2.07

2.21
2.21

1 .891 .89-

2.26
2.26

RFCEIV ING CLER KS-----------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

39
31

2.42
2.40

2.39
2 .39

2 .19 2.25-

SHIPPING CLERKS-------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

26
24

2.22

2.17

2.25
2.38

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING C LER KS --------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

65
63

2.47
2.46

TRUCK CR IVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

241
1 26
1 15
B4

TRUCKURIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1- 1/2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------TRUCKCR IVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -----------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING:
PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4-------------------------TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4--------------------------

S ee fo o tn o tes at end o f ta ble,




-

_

5
5
-

18

6
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

1
1

2.66
2.65

-

-

1 .801.94-

2.54
2.55

_

_

-

-

2.55
2.54

2 .17 2 .16 -

2 .63
2.52
3.03
3.05

2 .36 2 .33 2.39 3 .02 -

3.03
2.65
3.07
3.08

32
3?

2.26
2.26

2.36
2.36

2.182 .18 -

2.47
2.47

2
2

17

2.19

2 . 19

2 .05 -

2 .39

-

1 08
52

2.83
2.62

3.00
2.64

2.64 2 .57 -

3.02

3.05

3 .03-

2.64
2.63
3.02

2.39
2.39
3.05

2.34 2.34 3.03 -

3.05
3.05
3.08

3
3

2
2

3

_

4

1
o

2
21

-

4

1
1
.

1
.

1
7
214

26
25
1

1
13

6

6

-

4

2

_

-

-

-

~

_

5
5

8
6
3

-

_

7

-

3

2

2

5

8
1
1
1
1

13
13
_
-

2

2

_

_

_

-

-

-

3
7

3
3

5
5

7

11

3

7
4

5
75

7

~

4
4

3
3

8

4
3

_

?

Q

?

3

9
9

1
1

3
3

4
4

15
15

14
14

5
5

54

25

54
54

27
27

2?

7

-

-

-

-

2

6

9

9

7

4

?

-

1
1
-

-

-

2

3

3

7

2

8

-

4

l

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

1

_

-

4
4

1
2
1
2
3

15

2

36

6
6

1
1
1

4

_

9
81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

81
81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

_

56

36

27

2

27

-

-

~

-

56

4

-

-

1
1

-

19
10

_

~

3

5

5

-

2
2
-

i
9

2

5

-

1

3

~

7
19
19

1
1

3.08

58
56
25

8

15

3.05
2.6H

56

3

4

2.76
2.75

2.63
2.45
2.82
3.00

-

5

-

2

_
_

-

-

25
25
25

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

'

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Waterbury, Conn., March 1965)1
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




Appendix A.

Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
inform ation for more sp ecific categories.

Draftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field econom ists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

10

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishm ent to establishm ent and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. Because of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job descriptions m ay
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’ s field econom ists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statem ents, bills, and invoices on a m achine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other cle ric al work incidental
to billin g operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type of m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping m achine (Rem ington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash R egister, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. D eterm ines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, m achine (billing m achine). Uses a special billin g m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding m achines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
m emorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined
discounts and shinning charges and entrv of necessarv extensions
which m ay or m ay not be com puted on the billin g m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

C lass B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payab le, payroll, cus­
tom ers’ accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described
under b iller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, m achine (bookkeeping m achine).
Uses a bookkeeping
m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Rem ington Rand, e t c . , which
m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
sim ultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a ­
chine autom atically accum ulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and com putes and usually prints au tom atically the debit or
credit balan ces.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishm ent’ s busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
11

12

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
led ger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
exam ining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgm ent and experience in m aking proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and m ay direct class B accounting clerks.
C lass B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting sim ple journal vouchers or accounts
payab le vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This jo b does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis am ong several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
C lass A . In an established filin g system containing a number
of varied subject m atter files, classifies and indexes file m aterial
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc . May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a sm all group of lower le v e l file
clerks.
C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by sim ple
(su b ject m atter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer sub­
headings. Prepares sim ple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in file s and forwards
m aterial. M ay perform related cleric al tasks required to m aintain
and service files.
C lass C . Performs routine filing of m aterial that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a sim ple serial cla ssi­
ficatio n system ( e . g . , alp h abetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily av ailab le m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs sim ple
c le ric a l and m anual tasks required to m aintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to m ake up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departm ents to be fille d .
M ay check with credit departm ent to determ ine credit rating of custom er,
acknowledge receipt of orders from custom ers, followup orders to see
that they have been fille d , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Com putes w ages of com pany em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. D uties involve: C alcu lating workers' earnings
based on tim e or production records; and posting calcu lated data on payroll
sheet, showing inform ation such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and assist paym aster in m aking up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calcu latin g m achine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform m ath e­
m atical com putations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tic a l or other type of clerk, which m ay involve frequent use of a C om p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to perform ance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces m ultiple copies of typewritten or handwritten m atter, using a
M imeograph or D itto m achine. M akes necessary adjustm ent such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or D itto m aster. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto m asters.
May sort, co lla te , and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceiv es customers' orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any com bination of the following;
Quoting p rices to customers; m aking out an order sheet listing the item s




Class A . Operates a num erical and/or alph abetical or com bin a­
tion keypunch m achine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
lev el keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the m aking of some determ inations, for exam p le,
lo cates on the source document the item s to be punched; extracts
inform ation from several documents; and searches for and interprets
inform ation on the document to determ ine inform ation to be punched.
M ay train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied tech nical
or specialized vocabulary such as in le g a l briefs or reports on scien tific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. M ay also type from written
copy. M ay also setup and m aintain file s, keep records, e tc .

Class B. Under close supervision or follow ing sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a num erical and/or alp h abetical or com bination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards. M ay verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in d etail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous item s or codes, m issing inform ation,
e t c . , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office m achines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor cleric al wodc.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the follow ing: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and ac c u ­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the sp ecific business operations, organization, p o licie s,
procedures, file s, workflow, e tc . U ses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible c le ric al tasks such as, m aintaining
followup files; assem bling m aterial for reports, m emorandums, letters,
e t c . ; com posing sim ple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incom ing m ail; and answering routine questions, e tc . D oes not
include transcribing-m achine wodc.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and c lerical duties for a superior in an ad­
m inistrative or executive position. D uties include m aking appointments
for superior; receiving people com ing into office; answering and m aking
phone c alls; handling personal and im portant or confidential m a il, and
writing routine correspondence on own in itiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing m achine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or sim ilar m achine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
inform ation reproduced on a transcribing m achine. M ay prepare sp ecial
reports or memorandums for inform ation of superior.

C lass A . Operates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. Per­
forms full telephone inform ation service or handles com plex c a lls, such
as conference, c o lle c t, overseas, or sim ilar c alls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
fu ll-tim e assignm ent. ( ,,Full,, telephone inform ation service occurs when
the establishm ent has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone inform ation purposes, e . g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a l l s .)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar m achine; and transcribe dictation. M ay also type from written
copy. M ay m aintain file s, keep sim ple records, or perform other re la­
tively routine c lerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-m achine work. (See transcribing-m achine
op erato r.)




C lass B. Operates a sin gle- or m ultiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incom ing, outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May
handle routine long distance c alls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone inform ation service. ("L im ited ” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishm ent serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if com plex c alls are referred to another op erator.)

14

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or
perform routine cleric al work as part of regular duties. This typing or
cleric al work m ay take the m ajor part of this worker's tim e while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

sp ecific instructions. May include sim ple wiring from diagram s and
some filin g work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam p le, individual sorting or collatin g runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

C lass A . Operates a variety of tabulating or ele ctric al account­
ing m achines, typ ically including such m achines as the tabulator,
calcu lato r, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The com plete reporting and tabulating assign­
m ents typ ically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typ ically involved in training new operators in m achine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagram s
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-m achine operations
and d ay-to-d ay supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

C lass B. Operates more difficult tabulating or e le ctric al account­
ing m achines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is perform ed under specific
instructions and m ay include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The woik typically involves, for exam p le, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but sm all
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
em ployees in the basic operation of the m achine.

C lass C .
Operates sim ple tabulating or ele ctric al accounting
m achines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-m achine records. M ay also type from written
copy and do sim ple cle ric al work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied tech nical or specialized vocabulary such as le g a l briefs or reports
on scien tific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to m ake copies of various m aterial or to m ake
out b ills after calculation s have been m ade by another person. M ay in­
clude typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m aterials for use in duplicating
processes. M ay do cle ric al work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple records, filin g records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incom ing m a il.

C lass A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a ­
terial in final form when it involves com bining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to m ain tain uniformity and balance in spacing. M ay type routine
form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C lass B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance p o licie s,
e t c . ; and setting up sim ple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and m ay recom m end minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form , function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a m inimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determ inations. M ay either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower lev el draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of m ost of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typ ically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes, m ultiple
fu n ctio n s , and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
d etail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accep ted form ulas and m anuals in m aking necessary computations
to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load cap acities,
strengths, stresses, etc. R eceives in itial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. C om pleted work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, m anufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isom etric projections (depicting three
dim ensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source m aterials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less com plete when assignments recur. Work m ay be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSM AN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placin g tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delin eation .)
and/or
Prepares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse*who gives nursing service under general m ed ical
direction to ill or injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishm ent.
D uties in v o lv e a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : G iv in g first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations
of applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and m aintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipm ent such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves most of the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’ s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard m easuring instruments; m aking standard shop com putations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the m aintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of e lectric al trade functions such as the in­
stallation , m aintenance, or repair of equipm ent for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
e le ctric al equipm ent such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit system s, or other
transmission equipm ent; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrical
system or equipm ent; working standard com putations relating to load
requirem ents of wiring or electric al equipment; and using a variety of
electric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the m aintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, m a ­
chine, and equipm ent; assisting journeyman by holding m aterials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is perm itted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a ­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is perm itted
to perform specialized m achine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and m aintains and m ay also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipm ent (m ech an ical or e le ctrical) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with power, h eat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipm ent
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ven tilating and refrigerating equipm ent, steam boilers and bo iler-fed
w ater pumps; m aking equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. H ead or chief engineers in establishm ents em ploying
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of m achine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing m achines, in the construction of m achine-shop tools, gages,
jig s, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult m achining operations; processing item s requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision m easuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and m aking necessary adjustm ents during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. M ay be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to se le ct proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry w age study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classificatio n .

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with h eat, power, or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks w ater
and safety v alv es. May clean , o il, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipm ent.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled m aintenance trades,
by perform ing sp ecific or general duties of lesser sk ill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in m aking repairs of
m etal parts of m ech anical equipm ent operated in an establishm ent. Work
involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written instructions and sp e ci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's
handtools and precision m easuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; m aking
standard shop com putations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of m achining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com mon m etals; selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipm ent re­
quired for Tiis work; and fitting and assem bling parts into m ech an ical
equipm ent. In general, the m achinist's work norm ally requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al ap ­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs autom obiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishm ent. Work involves most of the following; Exam ining automotive
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; disassem bling equipm ent and
perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipm ent in disassem bling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassem bling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle
and m aking necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
m otive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the m oving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m ech anical equipm ent of an establishm ent.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipm ent of an establishm ent.
Woik involves m ost of the following: Exam ining m achines and m ech anical
equipm ent to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling or partly dism antling
m achines and perform ing repairs that m ainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with item s
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a
m achine shop or sending of the m achine to a m achine shop for m ajor
repairs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and
m aking all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a m aintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perien ce. Excluded from this classification are workers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines or heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and
installs m achines or heavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop com putations re­
latin g to stresses, strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balan cing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipm ent, and
parts to be used; and installing and m aintaining in good order power
transmission equipm ent such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illw right’ s work norm ally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an e s­
tablishm ent. Work involves the follow ings Knowledge of surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
M ay m ix colors, oils, white le ad , and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the m aintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprentice diip or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
m achine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; m aking standard shop com putations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and m aking standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
m aintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers prim arily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plum bing system of an establishm ent in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plum bing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plum ber's snake. In general,
the work of the m aintenance plum ber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, in stalls, and m aintains in good repair the sh eet-m etal
equipm ent and fixtures (such as m achine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
m ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and layin g out all
types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all av ailab le types of sh eet-m etal­
working m achines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sh eet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the m aintenance sh eet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experien ce.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves m ost of the following; Planning and laying out of work from m odels,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m aker’ s handtools and precision measuring instru­
m ents, understanding of the working properties of com mon m etals and
alloys; setting up and operating of m achine tools and related equipment;
m aking necessary shop com putations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of m achines; heattreating of m etal parts during fab ri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allow ances; and selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die m akers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
m ent house, departm ent store, hotel, or sim ilar establishm ent. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the following:
Sw eeping, m opping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipm ent, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trim m ings; providing supplies and minor m aintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
m aintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes g ate m en who are stationed at gate and check on identity of em ployees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sw eeper; charwoman; janitress)
C leans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or prem ises of an office, apartm ent house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishm ent whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various m aterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or p lacin g
m aterials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a ­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockm an)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
m erchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, custom ers’
orders, or other instructions. M ay, in addition to fillin g orders and in­
dicating item s fille d or om itted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placin g them
in shipping containers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent
upon the typ e, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the p lacin g of
item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or dam age; closing
and sealin g container; and applying lab els or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a ­
terials, m erchandise, equipm ent, or m en between various types of e s­
tablishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
w holesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
customers' houses or p laces of business. M ay also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, m ake m inor m ech anical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. D river-salesm en and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For w age study puiposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipm ent, as follows: (T ractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer c a p a c ity .)

Truckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, ligh t (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, m edium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incom ing shipments of merchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, p ractices, routes, av ailab le
m eans of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, m aking up b ills of lading, posting w eight and shipping charges,
and keepin g a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the m erchandise for shipment. R eceiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against b ills of
lad in g, in voices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejectin g
dam aged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments;
and m aintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of a ll kinds about a
warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.

For w age study purposes, workers are classified by type of track,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




M akes rounds of prem ises periodically in protecting
against fire, theft, and ille g a l entry.

property




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wajjc Surveys
A lis t of the la te st a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p re s e n te d b elo w . A d ir e c to r y in dicating dates of e a r li e r stu dies, and the p r ic e s of the bu lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on re q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y be p u rc h a s e d fr o m the Superintendent of D ocu m ents, U.S. G o vern m en t P rin t in g O ffic e , W ash in gton, D .C ., 20402,
o r fr o m any of the B L S re g io n a l s a le s o ffic e s shown on the in sid e front co v er.

A re a

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

A k ro n , O hio, June 1964 *.
A lb a n y -6 ch enectady—T r o y , N .Y . , M a r . 1 9 6 4 *-______
A lb u q u erq u e, N . M e x ., A p r . 19641 _____________________
A llen to w n —B eth le h e m —E asto n , P a .— .J ., F e b . 1965N
A tlan ta, G a ., M a y 19641 __________ ___
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N ov. 19641
B e a u m o n t -P o r t A rt h u r , T e x ., M a y 1964l .
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1 9 6 4 * -____ - _______
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 19 64 1
B oston, M a s s ., O ct. 1964 1 - __

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffa lo , N .Y . , D ec. 1964 1____
B u rlin gton , V t ., M a r . 1964.
Canton, O hio, A p r . 19 64 l .
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , A p r . 19641
C h arlo tte , N .C ., A p r . 19641
C hattanooga, T en n .— a ., Sept. 19641____
G
C h ic ag o , 111., A p r . 19641 _______—.
C incinnati, O hio— y ., M a r . 19641.
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 19641
C o lu m b u s, O hio, Oct. 19641

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 19641
D a v en p ort—R o ck Isla n d — o lin e , I o w a M
Ill., Oct. 1 9641.
Dayton, O hio, Jan. 1965---------------D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1964.
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1965_____
D e tro it, M ic h ., Jan. 1965 1_________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N ov. 1 9 6 4 —
G r e e n B ay , W i s ., A u g. 19641.
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1964
H ouston, T e x ., June 19641 _____ —___

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

In d ia n a p o lis, In d ., D e c . 1964________
Jackson, M i s s ., F e b . 1965----------J a c k so n v ille , F l a ., Jan. 1965 1__________
K a n sa s C ity, M o .—K a n s ., N ov. 1964—--------------------- L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 19641 - __
H
N
L ittle R o c k -N o r t h L ittle Rock, A r k ., A ug. 1964l .
L o s A n g e le s —Lo n g B eac h , C a lif., M a r . 1964 1 ——.
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., F e b . 1965 l In
Lu bbo ck , T e x ., June 19641—.
M a n c h e s te r, N .H ., A ug. 19641
M e m p h is, T en n ., Jan. 1965__________

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e
25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M ia m i, F l a ., D ec. 1964—-----M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1964— ,
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1965 1___ _
M u s k e g o n -M u s k e g o n H eigh ts, M ic h ., M a y 19641
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b . 1965----N e w H aven , Conn., Jan. 1965— ,
N e w O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1964.
N e w Y o rk , N .Y . , A p r . 1964 l N o r fo lk — o rts m o u th and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
Ham pton, V a ., June 1964.
O k lah om a C ity, O k la ., A ug. 19641

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

O m ah a, N e b r .— w a, Oct. 1964.
Io
P a t e r son—C lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y l 9 6 4 l
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v. 1964l .
P h o en ix, A r i z . , M a r. 19641.
P itts b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1965 1--------P o rtla n d , M a in e, N o v. 1964.
P o rtla n d , O r e g .—W a sh ., M a y l 9 6 4 1—__
P r o v id e n c e — aw tu ck et, R . I . - M a s s . , M a y 1964P
R a leig h , N .C ., Sept. 1964.
R ichm ond, V a . , N ov. 1964.

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o c k fo rd , 111., A p r . 1964 *.
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., Oct. 1964 1.
S alt L a k e C ity, Utah , D ec. 1964 1—,
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1 9 6 4 .____
San B e r n a rd in o —R iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

San D ie go , C a lif., Sept. 1964l .
San F r a n c is c o — ak la n d , C a lif., Jan. 1965 1—.
O
Savannah, G a ., M a y 1964 J—.
S cranton, P a ., A ug. 1964.___
Seattle, W a s h ., Sept. 1964.

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

S iou x F a l l s , S. D ak ., O ct. 1964.__
South B end, Ind., M a r . 1 9 64 1. ____
Spokane, W a sh ., M a y 1964.
T o le d o , O hio, F e b . 1964___
T ren to n , N .J ., D ec. 1964
W ash in gton, D .C .— d .— a ., Oct. 19641—___
M
V
W a te rb u ry , Conn., M a r. 1965--------------W a te r lo o , Iow a, N ov. 1964 1—__________
W ich ita , K a n s ., Sept. 1964
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1964l .
Y o rk , P a ., F e b . 1965____

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1430-49,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20
25
20
20
25
30
20
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102