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Occupational Wage Survey

ALLENTOWN—
BETHLEHEM—
EASTON,
PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
ALLENTOWN-BETHLEHEM-EASTON,
PENNSYLVANIA-NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B u l le tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 8
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




P reface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions fo r each
of the areas studied, fo r economic regions, and for the
United States. A m ajor consideration in the program is
the need fo r greater insight into ( l ) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the stru c­
ture and le v e l of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r selected occupational groups---------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results fo r each area studied. A fter
completion of all of the individual area bulletins fo r a round
of surveys, a tw o-part summary bulletin is issued. The
fir s t part brings data for each of the metropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin. The second part presents in fo r­
mation which has been projected from individual m etro ­
politan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.
Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program . Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment p rac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.

A.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey
and number studied______________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e
hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups,
and percents of increase for selected periods_________________

2
2

Occupational earnings :*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women_______________________
A - 2. P rofession a l and technical occupations—
men and women-----------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffice, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined---------------------------------------A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_________________
A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations___________

7
8
9

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions-----------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions---------------------------------------------------

10
11

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J., in February 1965.
N.
It was prepared in the Bureau's regional office in New
York, N. Y. , by Robert M. Findlay, under the direction
of Harold A. Barletta. The study was under the general
direction of F red erick W. M ueller, Assistant Regional
D irector fo r Wages and Industrial Relations.




1
3

❖ NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back c o v e r .)
A current report on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton
area is also available for men's and boys' shirts (except
work shirts) and nightwear (May 1964).

iii

4
6




Occupational Wage Survey—Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.—N.J.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U .S . D epartm ent o f L ab or*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e b a sis.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iven occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olid ays, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a r e excluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk
schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is bu lletin p resen ts cu rren t occu pational em p loym en t and
earnings in form a tion obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the establish m en ts
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la s t p revio u s su rvey fo r
occupations re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e r s o n a l v is its w e r e m ade
to nonrespondents and to those respondents re p o rtin g unusual changes
since the p revio u s su rvey.

Th e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t co m p o site, a rea w id e e stim a tes.
In du stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the e stim a tes fo r each jo b .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe r e n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tablish m en ts. O ther p o s s ib le fa c to rs w hich m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin estab lish ed ra te ra n ges, sin ce only the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d esc rip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rveys a re usu ally m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

In each a re a , data a re obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e estab ­
lishm ents w ithin s ix broad in du stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tra n s ­
portation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries. E stablish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re o m itted because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t in clu sion . Separate tabulations a r e p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
broad industry d ivisio n s which m eet publication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because o f
the unn ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p rop ortion o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establish m en ts a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes based on the establish m en ts studied a r e p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establish m en ts in the in du stry grouping and a re a ,
except fo r those below the m inim um s iz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent es tim a te s re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ith in the scope o f the study and not the number actu ally
su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tablish m en ts, the estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f establish m en ts studied s e r v e only to in dicate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es:
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tion s design ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e jo b .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because e ith er ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , o r (2) th e re is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establish m en t data.




E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
Tabulations on s e le c te d establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supple­
m en tary w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s ta b les) a re not presen ted in this
bu lletin .
In form ation fo r th ese tabulations is c o lle c te d b ien n ia lly in
this a re a .
T h ese tabulations on m inim u m entrance s a la rie s
fo r
in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled
w e e k ly hours; paid h olid a ys; paid vacation s; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) in p reviou s
bulletins fo r this a re a .

1

2




T a b le

1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w i t h in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a n d n u m b e r s t u d i e d in A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n ,
b y m a j o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1965

N um ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M inim um
em p lo ym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

W ithin scope
of s tu d y 3

_

P a . —N . J . , 1

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin scope
of study 4

Studied

Studied

419

106

1 1 2 ,1 0 0

6 3 ,6 2 0

50
-

313
106

62
44

9 1 ,5 0 0
2 0 ,6 0 0

5 1 ,3 0 0
1 2 ,3 2 0

50
50
50
50
50

25
16
36
12
17

14
4
14
6
6

7 ,4 0 0
1, 200
7, 200
2, 800
2, 000

5 ,6 9 0
300
3 ,4 7 0
1 ,7 8 0
1 ,0 8 0

A ll d iv is io n s ________________________________________________
M an u fa ctu rin g ______________________________________________
N o nm anufacturing ___________________________________ _____
T ra n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n icatio n , and
o th e r p u blic u tilitie s 5_________________________________
W h o le sa le tra d e 6________________________________________
R e ta il tra d e 6 ____________________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te 6__________________
S e r v ic e s 6 7 ______________________________________________

1 The A llen to w n — e th leh em — asto n S tan d ard M e tro p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a c o n s is ts o f L eh igh and N ortham pton C o u n ties, P a . ; and W a r r e n C ounty,
B
E
N. J . The " w o rk e rs w ith in scope of study" e s tim a te s show n in th is ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n of the s iz e and co m p o sitio n of
the la b o r fo rc e included in the s u r v e y . The e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is o f co m p a ris o n w ith o th e r em p lo ym en t in d ex es
fo r the a r e a to m e a s u re em p lo ym en t tre n d s o r le v e ls sin ce (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s re q u ir e s the u s e o f es ta b lis h m e n t d a ta co m p ile d c o n s id e ra b ly
in ad van ce o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e exclu d ed fr o m the sco pe of the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the S ta n d a rd In d u s tria l C la s s ific a tio n M anual w a s u se d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts by in d u s try d iv is io n .
3 Includes a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t at o r ab ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll o u tle ts (w ithin the are a ) o f co m p a n ies in such
in d u s trie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m otion p ic tu re t h e a te r s a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 Includes a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t (w ithin the a re a ) at o r ab ove the m inim u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ica b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r tra n s p o r ta tio n w e r e excluded.
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in e s tim a te s fo r " a ll in d u s trie s " and "nonm anu facturin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n
of d a ta fo r th is d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p loym ent in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata
to m e r it se p a ra te stu d y, (2) the sam p le w a s not d e sig n ed in itia lly to p e rm it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) re sp o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to
p e rm it s e p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H otels; p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m o tio n p ic tu re s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (exclud ing re lig io u s
and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s); and en g in eerin g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T ab le 2.

Indexes of sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r i e s and s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n a l g ro ups in
A llen to w n — e th leh em — a sto n , P a .- N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1965 and F e b r u a r y 19 6 4 ,
B
E
and p e rc e n ts of in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Indexes
( F e b ru a ry 1 9 6 1 =100)

In d u stry and o c cu p atio n a l group
F e b r u a r y 1965 F e b r u a r y 1964

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
F e b r u a r y 1964
to
F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1 963
to
F e b r u a r y 1 964

F e b r u a r y 1 962 F e b r u a r y 1961
to
to
F e b r u a r y 1963 F e b r u a r y 1962

M a rc h I960
to
F e b r u a r y 1961

A ll in d u s trie s :
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and wom en)
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n )...
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (m en)___________
U n sk ille d plant (men) .....

1 12 . 1
108. 1
1 1 1 .4
111. 8

109.
104.
108.
108.

3
6
1
6

2.
3.
3.
2.

6
4
1
9

1.
2.
2.
3.

1
5
7
4

2.
1.
1.
2.

7
5
5
6

5.
.
3.
2.

3
5
8
4

4.
4.
3.
1.

1
2
2
7

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffice c le r i c a l (m en and wom en)
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m en )__
S k ille d m a in ten an ce (men)
__
U n sk ille d p lan t (men)

111.
108.
110.
109.

109.
104.
107.
106.

3
6
6
3

2. 0
3 .9
3. 0
2 .9

.
2.
2.
2.

7
0
6
7

2.
2.
1.
1.

6
0
6
1

5.
.
3.
2.

7
5
3
3

4.
4.
3.
1.

7
2
1
2

4
6
9
4

3
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p e rc e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earn in gs o f s e le c te d plant w o r k e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u stria l n u rs e s , the p e r ­
centages o f change r e la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w h ich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o r k e r grou p s, th ey m ea su re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s , exclu ding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a r e based on data fo r s e le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m o st o f the n u m e ric a lly im portan t jo b s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeep in g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , f ile , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C o m p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten o g ra p h ers, g e n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen io r; sw itch board o p e ra to rs ; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla s s A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 sk ille d m aintenance job s and 2 u n sk illed job s a r e included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a rp en ters; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, au tom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte r s ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito r s , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te ria l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
computed fo r each o f the s e le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lied by em p loym en t in each o f
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r in dividu al occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu pation al group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen ta ge)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe r e n c e betw een the re s u lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta ge o f change fr o m the one p e rio d to the oth er.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltip lyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The in dexes and p ercen ta ges o f change m e a s u re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in divid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w a g es due to changes in the lab or fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn o v e r, fo r c e expan sion s, fo r c e red u ction s,
and changes in the p ro p o rtio n s o f w o r k e r s em p loyed by establish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occu pational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r ex a m p le, a fo r c e expansion m igh t in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a red u ction in the p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs w ould have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t o f
a high-paying estab lish m en t out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to d ro p , even though no change in ra te s o c c u rre d in other
establish m en ts in the a re a .
The use of constant em ploym en t w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s re p re s e n te d in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta g es o f change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a re not influenced by
changes in standard w o rk schedu les, as such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

4
A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , A lle n t o w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a , —N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber of w o rk e rs receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

90
Mean2

Median 2

U T I L I T I E S 4------------------

220
151
69
33

$
$
39 .0 1 3 6 .5 0 13 8 .0 0
39. 5 1 9 8 . 5 0 1 9 7 . 0 0
37.5 109 .5 0 10 9 .0 0
3 8. 5 1 2 6 . 0 0 1 2 7 . 5 0

CLERKS,
ACCUUNTING, CLASS B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

122
86

38 .5
90 . 0

109 .0 0
120 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0

81.50-131.00
106 .0 0-137.00

-

O F F I C E b U Y S ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

67
60

39.5
90.0

87.50
86.00

91.50
90.00

7 5 . C0-109 .0 0
73.0 0 - 99.00

_

T A e U L A T I NG - M A C F I NF OPERATORS,
C L A S S 8 --------------------------------------------------MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

89
58

39.0
90.0

1 1 0 .5 0
11 7 .0 0

11 1 .0 0
121 .0 0

25

38.5

y»0 P EN
H
B I L L E R S , MAChI NE I B I L L I NG
MAC F I.Mb ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACT JR I N G --------------------------

69
57

39.5
39.5

BGOKKEEP I NG- MACF1NE OP ERATORS ,
CL ASS A ------------------------------------------

28

39.5

$
$
1 C 9.00-162.00
131 .5 0-173.00
93.50 -1 27.50
1 25 .5 0-129.50

95

ICO

$
105

85

90

95

100

105

110

-

11
1
10

11
6

70

75

80

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

-

-

-

-

$

$

$

110

%

115

$
$
$
$
$
190
160
12C
130
150
and

_

115

120

L3C

16

5

5
5
-

21
21

10
6
6

190

150

160

over

-

-

9

99.50 -1 22.50
1 08 .0 0-129.00

_

_

_

93.50

32.00 -1 07.00

-

65.50
65.50

66.50
6 6 . 00

61.0060.00-

71.50
72.00

86.00

8 3.00

81.00-

88.00

-

69.00
69.00
69.00

~

-

_

3

8

-

-

-

-

3

8

_

-

CL ERKS, A CCOUNT I NG, CL ASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

69
60

90.G
90.0

99.50
99.50

CL ERKS, ACCOUNT I NG, CL ASS B —
MANUFACTURI NG -------------------------NGNMANuFACTURI NG --------------------

169
129
90

39. 5
39.5
38.5

85.50
87.00
80.50

82.00
85.50
72.50

68.53 -1 09.50
69.00-102.00
67.00 -1 11.00

_
-

33

39.0

98.00

97.00

33.00-112.50

-

A

58.5059.5056.50-

89.00-111.50
1 0 1 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 ; 83.00 -1 11.50

-

16

32
32

15
15

357
57

-

-

-

_

10
9

1
1

fc
5

29
29

17
17

7
7

7
7

1
1

1
1

2
2

-

6
6

8
8

11
1)

6
6

9
9

6

_

-

_

_

_

_

~

~

9
9

"

“

~

_

_

_

1
1

9
l

9
9

8

9
9

10
8

6

3

9

2

3

1

1

9

r
8

2
2

1

-

15

13

1

_

_

18

12

12
6

28
l 1
17

11
6

17

-

-

-

19

11

KEYPUNCF OPERATORS, CL A S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

lie

9 0. C
90. 0

92.00
99.50

99.50
95.50

89.00 -1 01.00
90.50 -1 02.00

-

100
295
153
92
39

39.0
90.0
37 .0
38.0

79.50
81.50
77.00
99.50

81.50
83.50
79.00
100 .5 0

6 7 . GC- 9 0 . 5 0
6 9 .5 0 - 89.50
6 1 .0 0 - 99.50
90.03-103.00

_
-

5
5

9

~

~

“

3
3

2
2

20
1 f»

4

12
12

5
9

9
9

5
5

2

5
5

12
12

9
9

9
9

20
8
12

5
5

8
e

3
3

10

15

28

6

5

13
15

1

-

-

2

39
31

9

3

6

_

3

-

13

29
16
13

~

~

19

1

9

13
17

6
2

25

21
9

1

_

6

1

5

-

5
5

2

9

_

3
3

2

_

-

8
3

1

89.00
82.50

1

1
1

3

62.9362.00-

-

-

-

1

7 3. 50
7 3.00

~

2

8

79.50
79.00

_

7

Il

39.5
39.5

_
~

9

20

169
195

_
~

3

8

C l e r k s , P A Y R O L L -------MA N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

6
6

-

11

6u .00-

8 3. 50

28
28

1

l

-

2

3

-

3

3

11

17

3

~

1

10

87.00

75.50

5

l

-

27

82.00

39.0

19

3
3
5

1

39. 5

159

2

9

_

-

162

c

o
o

16
13

-

b

1

10
10

-

CLASS

c

-

2
2

15

CLASS




-

2
2

13
2

FILE,

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .

21

1

-

FILE,

U T I L I T I E S 4------------------

1

10
6

1
1

-

CLERKS,

KE Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R S ,
CLASS B MA N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

9

8

-

~

-

16

3

-

CLERKS,

97.50

12

7

9

-

n
JI
-j

CLASS

6 3.00
69.50
62.50

9

2

12

-

-

9
9

69.50
6 6 . U0
6 3.00

7

1
6

9
-

-

9

~

38 .0
39.0
37.5

5

5

-

~

93
92
51

PUBLIC

$
90

65

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------

F I L E,

$
85

60

9
-

BLOKKEEP i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s ,
CL ASS 8 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -------------------------NCNMANUFACTURI NG --------------------

CLERKS,

$

$

55

10

-F

C

$

50

3
3

O
o

TABULATING-MACFINE
CLASS

$

95

£n

CLERKS,
ACCUUNTING, CLASS A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U8L IC

$

and
under

Middle range 2

95
m

$

$

$

25
13

12

9

7

3
3

5

?

-

1
1

1
1

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

13
13

7
7

"

“

*

-

-

-

-

6

1

3

5

3

1

3

-

l

9

1

15

31

9

23

19

6

5

1

3

-

9n

35

31

1

1

19

3

13
9

6

5
9

3
3

_

19

1

6

22

27
27

22
22

12
12

3
3

23
19
9

_
-

21

1
1

9

~

2
2

12
12

LO

?

n

2

5

26
23
3

“

“

13

8

91
36
5
5

-

21
21

8

_
-

1
1

_

5

8
8

9
9

2
2

_

_

~

18
18

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

_
-

-

_
-

-

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , A lle n t o w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weeklyhours1
(standard)

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

$

*

5

$

$

%

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

WOMEN -

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

no

115

10
2

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10
0

105

10
1

115

10
2

9

3

4

25

5

2
0

13

Mean1
2
4
3

Median 2

Middle range 2

-

~

2
1

-

3
3
“

44
32

40
30

47
39

48
33
15

34
32

33
30
3

27
23
4

31
27
4

42
41

67
28
39
~

52
41

29
28

29
29
-

27
17

38
26

18
18

1
0

31
16
15
15

9

39
39

30
29

3

26
24

1
2
2
1
0
2
1

$
8 1 .50

$
6 7 .0 0 -

S E C R E TA R I ES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR1NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

556
415
1 37

39 .0
39 .5
3 7 .5

93.00
98.0 0
7 8 .50

90.5 0
95.50
74.50

7 4 .50-110.50
8 0 .0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0 - 91.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------P U d L I C U T I L I T I E S 4--------------------------

464
339
125
51

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7.0
38.5

76.50
7 8 .00
73.50
9 9 .0 0

72.50
7 4 . 50
64.00
98.50

5 8 .5 0 - 9 3.50
6 2 .5 0 - 92.50
5 3 .0 0 - 96.00
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

_
-

14

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

325
269

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

87.0 0
88.00

8 9 .50
9 0 .50

72.50-101.00
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

-

_

SW IT CF HOARD OP ERA TO RS---------------------------MANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

107
53
54

39 .0
3 9 .5
3 9.0

7 7 . 00
8 6 .50
68.0 0

78.00
90.50
68.00

6 7 .0 0 7 7 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 -

93.00
93.50
81.00

6
6

-

Sw I TCFEUARC U P E R A T U R - R E C E P T I O N I S T SMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

1 25
101

3 9 .5
39.5

71.50
72.50

7 3 .00
74.00

6 2 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

79.00
79.50

T AB U L A T I N G - M A C F INE O P E RA T OR S ,
GLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

31
29

40.0
40 .0

105.00
106.50

106.00
107.00

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-----------------------------------

1 65
146

3 9.5
40. 0

8 3 .00
8 0 .00

82.00
80 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
6 8 .0 0 - 91.50

T Y P I S T S , CLASS 8 ----------------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING - - -------------------------P J B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

179
104
75
37

3 9.0
39.5
38.5
3 9 .0

7 1 .00
77.00
6 2 .00
69.50

6 8 .50
83.00
6 2 .50
68.00

5 8 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 5 3 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

--------------------------------------------

C LASS

A ------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

15C

160

130

140

150

160

over

25
18
7

2
2
2
2

9
9
-

4
4

7
7

CONTI NUED
$
7 7 .5 0

TYPISTS,

$

140

and

40 .0

GIRL S

$

130

and
under

12 C

O FF ICE

$

$

5

-

40

$
92.00

85.00
89.00
69.00
7 7 .50

_

6
8

_
“

3
18

1
43
15
28
27

34

l

30

46
30
16

2
1
9

1
2
21

1
0

53
48
5

37
?9

29
15

15
9

15
9

23
18

43
43

4
4

4
4

5

14

16

1
0
6

3
3
~

16
16

11

30
25

1
1

1
1

2
1
6
1

6
6

24
24

1
1
1
1
6
2

19

1

1
4

8
3

8
1

8
6

23
23

17
4
4

1
1

2
-

_

-

-

_
-

15
15

5
5

5
5

1
2
1
2

24
24

5
5

2
2
2
2

29
29

13

24

15
7

35
16
19

4

7
7
7

2
2

6
7
1

1
2
1
2
4

8
8

1
0

2
?
2

17
5
5

8

6
2
1
8
7

2
2
8
6
24
24

1
0
1
0

2
1
0
1
0
5
5

8
8
1
2
1
2

2

1
2
1
2

_
-

-

51
30

2
2

7
3
3

1
6

5
5
-

_

_

_

_

3
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

~

17
17

6
6

2
2

6
6

7
7

2
2

1
1

_

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5
5

3
3

.

8
8

.

_
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

_
-

~

2
2
6
6

8

28
14

1
0
4

3
3

1
1

-

7
7

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
-

9

-

.

_
-

_
-

-

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu lar straight-tim e sala rie s and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w o rk ers and dividing by the number of w o rk e rs. The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore than
the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o rk ers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 W o rk ers w e re distributed as follow s: 15 at $160 to $170; 23 at $170 to $180; 11 at $180 to $190; 6 at $190 to $200; and 2 at $200 to $210.
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




6

(A verage straig h t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a rea basis
by indu stry division, Allentown^Bethle hem—
Easton, P a .— J . , F e b ru ary 1965)
N.
Number of w orkers rec e iv in g ’ straigh t-tim e
w e e k ly earnings of—

Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Se x,

occupation,

an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

■9
5
Mean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

90

95

10C

1 05

1 10

115

120

1 ?5

q5

I CC

105

n o

115

1 20

1 26

1 iO

and
under
qp

36
35

o o

-----

$
106.50
107.00

$
109.00
109.50

$
$
9 9 .0 0 9 9 .0 0 -

116.50
117.00

1 1

CURSES, IN DUS TRIA L (R E GISTE R E D)
U (U.I.C A T 1 UN T\ir
.......
n fl l Nur WU T li D lfNu

■ ^
t'
o o

IrtOMEN

4- <




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

1 Standard hours re fle c t the workw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e th eir re g u lar straig h t-tim e s a la rie s and the earnings correspon d to
these w eekly hours.
2 F or definition of te rm s , see footnote 2, table A - l .

Data w ere not collected fo r draftsm en and tra c e rs due to the re v isio n of occupational
descriptions, which w ere re v is e d to fa cilita te im proved cla ssificatio n . (See appendix A .)
It was not feasib le to co llec t earnings data by m ail the fir s t y e ar; how ever, earnings data
fo r draftsm en and tra c e rs w ill be collected by person al v is it and published next y e a r.

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n an a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Average

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

C FF IC E OCCUPATIONS

Average

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS

B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M A C HI N E ) -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

72
57

3 9 .5
39.5

28

39.5

DUP LI CA TING-M AC HINE

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

8 6 .0 0

$

35

$
8 1 .0 0

39 • 5

KEYPUNCH U P E R A T OR S, C L A SS A -------- ——
MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------------

1 IC
1 00

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

251
156
95
42

39. C
4 0 .0
37 . 0
38.0

80.00
81.5 0
78.00
9 5 . 0C

187

39.5

38.0
39.0
37.5

65.0 0
6 6 .0 0

284
73
3/

3 9.0 128.00
3 9 .5 1 3 4 .5 0
3 7 .5 1 0 9 .0 0
39. 0 1 2 4 . 0 0

C L ER K S, A C CO U NT I NG , C LASS B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

291
2 15
76

39 .C
9 5 .5 0
4 C .0 1 0 0 .0 0
37.0
82.0 0

C L ER K S, F I L E , C LASS A -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

60

39.5
39.5

122.50
127.00

C L ER K S , F I L E , CL ASS B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

197
157

3 9 .5
40.0

8 7.00
9 2 .5 0

C L ER K S,

1 68

3 9 .0

7 6 . 5C

FILE ,

CL AS S

C --------------------------

bt>

21 1

184
27

39.5
39.5
38.0

86.5 0
87.0 0
82.5 0

o c lK U

aK

1t b

ANU G I R L S -------------------------------—

~

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NUI\rlAf\IUr A u 1 UK l N o
""
—

5 68
425

3 9.0
3 9.5

9 3 .5 0
98.5 0
7 8 . 5C

S TE NOGRA PHE RS, GENERAL --------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------------------N ONMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------------------

4 76
342
134
60

39.0
3 9.5
37.0
38.0

77.5 0
78.50
7 6 . 0C
1 0 1 . 5C

S TE NOGRA PHE RS, S ENI OR -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------------

336
279
57

3 9.0
39.5
37. 5

8 8 . 5C
89.5 0
8 3 . 0C

S WI TC FE OAR C OP ER AT OR S --------------------------------------MAN UFA CT UR ING ---------------------------------------------------

1 08
54
54

3 9.0
39.5

1 25
101

39.5
39.5

f M (2
1IMU

_

—

SW I T CF BC AR C O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------

Stand ard ho urs r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s .




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

O P E RA T OR S ,
38
38

4 0.0
4 0.0

$
129.00
129.00

T A B U L A ! I N G - M A C H I N E O P E RA T OR S ,
C L A SS e ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------------------M nM W A M l l C A r J l D Ik.P
INUlNHAMNUr A UT IUK i U ----------------------------------

T A E U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E RA T OR S ,
C L A SS C -----------------------------------------------------------

1 15
87
28

3 9 . 0 1 0 9. 0 0 ,
40.0 113.50
36 . 5
95.00

th eir

regular

straigh t-tim e

salaries

""

*

an d t h e

77.50
8 7 . 0C
6 8 .0 0

37

39 .0

93.00

TYPISTS,

BOYS

M r K M AM i 1 a / i I ID
£
FNC-l\ri4JlNUi - P U 1 UK

C LER KS, PAY ROL L -------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

B ---------------

N 0N M AN 0F A CT UR IN G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------OFFI CE

211

C L A SS

6 4 .0 0

C L ER K S, A C CO U NT I N G, C L AS S A -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NGNMAN UF ACT LR ING -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

81.00

4i * A i i r » c t i i n t ki i
i
nAI\|UrAU 1 UK liN u

99
42
57

TABULATING-MACHINE

MANUFA CT UR ING -----------------------------------------

6 5 .5 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S ,
B O O KK E EP I N G- M AC HI NE O P ER A T O R S ,
C LASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------NGNMAN UF ACT LR ING ------------------------------

Average
Number
of

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

C FF IC E OCCUPATIONS -

OPERATORS

6 6 .0 0

B O O KK E EP I N G- M AC HI NE O P E R A TO R S,
CL ASS A -----------------------------------------------------

Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n and i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

C LA SS

A -----------------------------------------

178
151

39.5
40 .0

84.00
80.50

T v d f c r c .f
• Tr t ^ 1 j

n aj j
L L Mc c

c
D

18 0
1 05
75
37

3 9.0
3 9 .5
38.5
39. 0

71.00
77.00
6 2 .0 0
6 9 .50

U A u ^ L A C l 1i il 1!M
n m Ai 1 r ’ m u T UK I a i /'U ---------------------- --------- —— —

MANUFACTURI NG --------------------------------------------------N CNMANUFAC1UKING -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIDNS

N U R S ES , I N C U S ! R I A L
M
iAbH FACTUF ING

(R E G IS TE R E D )

71.50
72.50

earnings

c orre s p on d to these w e e k ly

hours.

--------

36
36

40 .0
4 0.0

106.50
107.00

8
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , A lle n t o w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a . - N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Hourly earnings 1

O ccu p a tio n

and in d u stry

d iv isio n

N um ber

of w o r k e r s

$

M1
e“ 2
4
3

Median 2

Middle range 2

U nder
$
2 .2 0

$

$

3

2 .2 0

Number
of
woikers

2 .3 0

2 .4 C

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

16 C
1 A3

$
2.95
2.96

$
3. 00
3.01

$
2.792.77-

$
3. 07
3. 07

E L E C T R I C I A N S , MAI NT ENANCE -----------------MANUFACT URI NG ------------------------------------

297
2 85

3.05
3.05

3.04
3.05

2.862.85-

3.24
3.24

ENGI NEE R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -------------------------MANUFACTURI NG ------------------------------------

85
83

3.1 A
3 . 16

3.1 1
3.13

3.033.04-

F I R E MEN, S T A T I O N A R Y d O I L E R ---------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

186
160

2.42
2. 46

2.73
2.7 3

HEL P ERS , MAI NTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

286
2 62

2.64
2. 64

M A C H I N I S T S , MAI NTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

135
116

MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURI NG -----------------------------PUBL I C UT 1 L I T I E S 4--------------------------

-

-

3
3

6
5

2.81
2.80

7
6

11
11

1
1

36
29

13 C
12 8

16
12

3.12
3. 13

3. 07
3. 10

2.942.94-

3. 27
3.28

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

~

2
2

5
5

175
71
1C4
99

2. 91
3.02
2. 84
2.86

2.95
3. 11
2. 87
2. 89

2.662.792.482.48-

3.15
3. 17
3.08
3.C9

2
-

6
6
-

31
-

-

~

MECHANI CS , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

857
865

3.03
3. 03

2.95
2.95

2.902.90-

3. 22
J. 22

-

_

_

~

-

MI L L WR I G H T S ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N b ------------------------------------

76
76

3.15
3.15

3. 15
3.15

3.103.10-

3. 19
3.19

_

_

-

-

2. 74
2. 74

2. 55
2.55

2.462.46-

3. 12
3. 12

?

_

MANUFACT URI NG ------------------------------------

176
176

2

-

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

88
85

2. 89
2.89

2.94
2.94

2.592.58-

2.55
2.99

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N t E -------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

11C
110

2.97
2.9 7

3. 00
3.00

2.712.71-

3.08
3.08

_

AUTOMOTI VE

2

E x c lu d e s

p re m iu m




d efin itio n

of

pay
te rm s,

for

o v e rtim e

F o r

A l l w o r k e r s w e r e a t $ 1 .5 0 to $ 1 .6 0 .
T ran sp o rta tio n ,
co m m u n ic a tio n ,
and

see

footnote

and
2,

for

w o rk

ta b le

o th er

on

w eeken d s,

A -l.

p u b lic

u tilitie s.

8
8

-

8
8

-

-

~

2
2

57

36

33

_

_

_

27

40
40

37

57

37

32

2

30

14
14

1

19

-

19

2 . 9C

3 .0 0

27
1 ?

$

h o u rly

_
-

12
12
-

8
8

31
31

~

1

7
7

30

$

_

14

5
5

424
423

14
14

_

53
53

1 2
12

2
2

24
23

13 2
13 2

_

_

_

7
7

in
in

43

_

6
6

_

9
9

_

_

_

_

"

"

~

1
1

_

_

_

_

“

~

7
7

_

_

_

-

“

~

3
3

12
1 2

_

_

1

_

-

-

45

7

6

4 5

7

6

17
17

_

8
8

60
60

40
40

8
8

5
5

3
3

_

_

34

-

-

34

5
5

10
10

8
8

2
2

3

-

4^

2

42

2

4
4

-

-

_

_

3
3

_

24
24

6

19

_

19

33
33

_

6

5
5

-

12

h o lid a y s,

and

la te

sh ifts.

_
-

-

-

14

3

1
1

-

_

21

_

-

-

_
-

21

_

-

-

_
-

4
4

_

-

7
7
-

5
-

1

-

3
3
-

2
2

14
-

10
10

12

-

_

27
0

1^7
157

-

_

30

-

_

18
16

21
-

-

_

4
2

_

14
in

15

-

_

_

20
5
15

_

-

5
5

1

-

_

10

13
13

5

_

10

-

19
19

12

-

_

22
72

13

2

2
2

"

28
13

10

l
8

_

32
32

1 c

9

_

8
6

15
15

_

-

_
-

21
21

4

-

-

-

-

4

12
12

_

13
13

-

3
8

-

-

3
2

-

-

2.58

1

58
58

35
25

2.512.51-

3
4

13
13

10
10

2.57
2.5 7

2

over

19
19

-

3. 39
3.35

3 .9 0

17
17

8
a

2.92-

3. 80

52
52

4?
36

3.003.00-

3.70

12
12

2. 82
2.83

3.09
3.09

3 . 5G 3 . 6 0

2

1.602.25-

2. 95

3 .4 0

-

-

~

2.90

3 .3 0

4
4

-

4

3. 21
3.21

3 .2 0

"

4

6C

3. 10

_

_

231
231

$
3.9C

23

3.35
3. 36

--------------------------

$
3.80

23

3

MAI NT ENANCE

3 .7 0

14
14

3

TOOL ANL DI E M A K E R S -----------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

$
3.60

18
18

3

P L UMBERS,

3. 4G

~

-

3

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. 30

2. 90

$
3 .0 0

and

-

O ILE R S

3 .1 0

$
3.50

2 . 8C

stra ig h t-tim e

and

~

--------------------------------------------------------

$

2 .8 0

_

(M A IN TE N A N C E )

of—

S

2. 70

-

MECHANI CS ,

earn in g s

*
3 .2 0

$

un der
2 .3 0

CAR P E N T ER S , MAI NT ENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

rece iv in g

$

-

38

64

38

64

-

12
12

_

_

-

-

3
3
2
2
_

8
8

1

_

26

15

_

-

26

15

-

-

48

9
9

43

_

4

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , A lle n t o w rr-B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a . —N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber of w o rk e rs

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

U nder

1.00

WATCHMEN:
M A N L F A C T U R I N G ------------

10
2
509
74 8

JANI TCRS,
P U R T F R S , ANC C L E A N E R S —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------PUBLIC
JANI TCRS,

11
6
6
8

U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------

PORTERS,

A NC

$
2.23
2.25
1.52

$
2.29
2.40
1.72

1.77
1. 6 8
2.10 2.21
2.15
1.85
2.15

CLEANERS

2.23
1.98
2.17

$

£

$

$

$

$

stra ig h t-tim e
$

$

h o u rly e a rn in g s

of—

$

$

$

$

$

1.10

1.20

1.3C

1.40

1.5C

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.00

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

$
2.50

2.60

2.8C

3.0C

3.20

3.40

3.60

1.20

1.3C

1.4C

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2 . 30

2.40

2.50

2.60

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 C

3 .6 C

o ver

38
38

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and
un der
1.10

319
292
27

GU AR CS ANU WATCHMEN —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NONMANUFACTUR I NG —

$

re c e iv in g

$
1.00

$
1.7 41.8 6-

$
2.74
2.75

3
-

3
-

1.23-

1.83

3

3

-

1
2

-

9

9
9

~

3

~

1.44-

2.24

-

-

-

1.902.011.59-

2.28
2.29
2.17

3
-

_

3

-

1
1

2.11-

2.31

-

-

8

30
30

1
0

7

7

1

3

9

9

30

7

7

32

14

15

1
0

52
34

48
44

5

18
~

-

2
0
1
2
4

2.12

1.5 9-

2 . 16

-

-

2

2.13

1.63-

2.17

-

-

"

2.53
2.46
3.0 3
3.06

2.142.141.40-

3.02
2.75
3.08

-

-

-

-

2.52
3.03

3.03-

2.06
1.98

2.2 3
1.77

1.691.6 5-

2.45
2.44

-

-

-

137
137

L. 7 7
1.77

1.63
1.6 3

1.531.53-

2.31
2.31

_

_

_

ob
47

2.37
2.35

2.37
2.33

2.222.22-

118
94

2.45
2.52

2.44
2.30

2.192 . L2-

2.86
2.96

S H I P P 1No ANC R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

145
137

2.3 0
2.32

2.46
2.49

1.7 91.80-

2.55
2.55

1,18 8
440
74 8
632

2.80
2.50
2.9 7
3.11

2.78
2.62
3.21
3.22

2.492.402.663.14-

3.23
2.75
3.25
3.26

-

-

_

~
-

-

-

-

-

47

2.21

2.27

2. 1 2 -

2.46

-

5C
7U

2.4 1
2.38

2.48
2.45

2.232.00-

2.68
2.65

72 4
1 34

2.96
2.5 3

3.20
2.47

2.662.30-

3.25
2.82

55C

3.06

3.12-

3.26

533

3.12

3.22
3.2 3

3.15-

2.77

2.73

2.642.63-

3.2?
2.74

2.292.36-

2.72
2.74

2

9

1

28
15

34
30

83
65

4

13

4

-

4

-

-

18
7

1.93
1.96

L ABORERS, MATERI AL HANDLING
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------

514
635
275
184

UR CE R
FILLERS —
MA N U F A C T U R I NG
PACKERS,
S H I P P I NG
MANUFACTURING R E C E I V I N G CLERKS
MA N U F A C T U R I NG

T R U C K C R I V t H S 5 --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----P U d L I U UT I L I T I E S 4 TRUCKCK I VFK S ,
1 - 1/2 TUNS)

LI GHT

( UNDER

T R U C K C k I V E K S , ME DI U M ( 1 - 1 / 2
ANC I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------

TRUCKCR I V E R S , HEAVY ( O V E R A TONS,
I RA IL E* TYPE ) ----------------------------------M AN UFAC I UR IN G ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTuRI NG ----------------------------P U BL I C UT I L I T I E S 4 ------------------------T R U C K C k I V E R S , HEA VY
other
t han
Tk A I l e r
m a n u f a c t u r in g

( EVER
t y p e )

4 I CNS,
----------------

-------------------------------------------------

D ata lim ite d

to m e n

w o rk e rs

6 2.66 2.68
2
2 74
235

T k U C K E R S , Port HR ( F u R K l I F T )
MANUF A CT UR I N G ------------------------

2.48
2.46

except w h ere

2.49

2.66

2.51
2.56

o th erw ise

a ll d riv e rs




re g ard le ss

of siz e

and

type of tru c k

h o lid a y s,

o p erated .

?
-

2
1

1
0
8

8
2

18

-

55
7

-

13
13

4
4

52

-

4
4

18

1
2
1?

2
1
2
0

32
28

36
36

26
26

1
0
1
0

-

_
~

2
2

15
15

1
2
8
8
8

-

-

1
2
8

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

_

-

_

4
4

6
6

_

5
5

3
3

_

_

_

_

8

_

_

42
39
3

2
3
3

_

2
0
70

-

_

_

-

6
8
38
30
29

14

26

42
27
15
15

3
3

2
2

13 7
13 7

3
3

19
19
-

56
56
-

3
-

-

~

14

334
322

1
2
6

44
43

1

-

2

_
-

39
30
9

11

_

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

5

5

-

5

3

1

_

_

117

3

~

~

-

13 3
132

33
28
5

24
18

64
53

71
65

1
1

14

_
1
2

3

9
3

~

9
9
14
14

_
-

~

7
7

_

_

_

9

q

17
17

-

-

34
25
9
~

5
7

3
-

3

3

_
_
_
-

1
2
1
2

9
9

6
Q

2

4
3

?

4

_

10
2

-

9

_
-

1

9
7

1

19
19

-

29
26

5
3

3
3

-

-

4
4

3
5

_

2
2

7
7

3

4

1
1
27
24

34
30
4

1

6
3

_
27
27

1
0
7
3
3

1
2
1
2
1
6

1
1
~

72
32

_

2
2
1
0
1
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in d ic a te d .

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F o r d e f in itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
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S H I P P I N G CLERKS MA N U F A C T U R I NC

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171
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1 76

( W O M E N ) ---------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------- r ---------------

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6
6

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

10

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the followings Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (”Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, G ERAL
EN
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following! Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with die design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse»
who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN

CARPENTER, M TEN CE—Continued
AIN AN

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following! Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

18
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—
-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

1

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
E R IA L

M OVEM ENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockm an
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
1he merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleric
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

O ccupational Wafjc Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irectory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 *.
Albany—
Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1964 1 -----—
T
.
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 19641_________ ____ —___
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— .J ., Feb. 1965__
N
Atlanta, G a., M ay 19641 -—
Baltim ore, M d., Nov. 19641
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T ex., May 1964 l ,
P
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1964
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 —.
Boston, M ass., Oct. 19641

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1430-48,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
20
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1964--------- —---------Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1----Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1964 1 — — ——
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 19641
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1964*____
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 _
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 19641-------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 ------ — —
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ___________

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T ex., Nov. 19641 ______________
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
Ill., Oct. 1964 l .
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964-_— ___ -_
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965------D etroit, Mich., Jan. 19651 ------F o rt Worth, T ex., Nov. 1964 * . _
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641.
G reen ville, S.C., May 1964 1—-.
Houston, T ex., June 1964 1 -------—

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
20
30
30
25
25
25

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964—— —
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1965— —-----Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 19651
Kansas City, Mo.— ans., Nov. 1964------------------K
Law rence— averhill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 -__
H
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, Ark., Aug. 19641.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 19641 -—
Lou isville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1 ____ —.
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 l -____— .
Manchester, N .H ., Aug. 19641
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965______

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice
25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M iam i, F la., Dec. 1964.
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964— .
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651~.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1
Newark and J ersey City, N .J., Feb. 1965New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965.
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964--.
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641.
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1964— .
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 1964 1

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964.
Paterson— lifton— assaic, N.J., May 1964 1
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .— .J ., Nov. 1964*-----------N
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 1964
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1965 1________________ —
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964------------- -------Portland, Or eg.—
Wash., M ay 1964 1----------------Providen ce—
Pawtucket, R .I.-M a ss., M ay 1964—.
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1964— —.
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964.

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
50
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 * .-------St. Louis. M o .-Ill., Oct. 1964*___
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1------------San Antonio, Tex., June 1964-__
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, Calif.
Sept. 1964________
San Diego, C alif., Sept. 19641.
San F ran cis co-Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 1
Savannah, G a., May 1964 l .
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964.
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964.

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-b9,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964South Bend, Ind., M ar. 19641.
Spokane, Wash., May 1964——
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964-____
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1—
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a., Oct. 1964l .
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 19641—.
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964l ._
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1964
W orcester, M ass., June 19641
York, Pa., Feb. 1965-

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102