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Occupational Wage Survey
DES MOINES, IOWA
FEBRUARY 1965

POLK

Des Moines

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R ST A TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey

DES MOINES, IOWA




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 7
April 196S

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Ciague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 20 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of La b or Statistics p rogra m of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etrop olitan areas is d e­
signed to p rovide data on occupational earnings, and estab ­
lishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary wage p ro visio n s. It
yield s detailed data by selected industry division s fo r each
of the areas studied, fo r econom ic region s, and fo r the
United States. A m a jo r con sideration in the p ro gra m is
the need fo r g re a te r insight into ( l ) the m ovem ent of wages
by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru c­
ture and le v e l of w ages among areas and industry d ivision s.

Introduction----------------------------------------------------------------------------------W age trends fo r selected occupational groups___________________________
Tables:
1.
2.

A.

Occupational ea rn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations-rmen and wom en-----------------------------A - 2. P r o fe s s io n a l and technical occupations—
men and wom en-------------------------------------------------------A - 3. O ffice, p ro fessio n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and wom en com b in ed -----------------------------A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-----------A - 5. C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent occupations —

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational d escrip tio n s -----------------------------------B. Occupational d escrip tio n s-----------------------------------------------------

This bulletin presents resu lts o f the su rvey in
Des M oines, Iowa, in F eb ru a ry 1965. It was p rep a red in
the Bureau’ s regio n a l o ffic e in Chicago, 111. , by L eon ard
Olson, under the d irection of Kenneth Thorsten. The study
was under the gen era l d irection o f W oodrow C. Linn,
A ssistan t R egion al D ire c to r fo r W ages and Industrial
R elation s.




Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope o f su rvey and
number stu d ied -----------------------------------------------------------------Indexes of standard w eek ly s a la rie s and stra ig h t-tim e hourly
earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and percents of
in crea se fo r selected p e r io d s ---------------------------------------------

a rea s.

*N O T E : S im ila r tabulations are availab le fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

Union sca les, in dicative of p reva ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Des M oines area, are also availab le fo r building con­
struction, printing, lo c a l-tra n s it operating em p loyees, and
m otortru ck d riv e r s and h elp ers.

iii

2

2
4
6
r - oo

A t the end of each su rvey, an individual a rea bul­
letin presents su rvey resu lts fo r each area studied. A fte r
com pletion of a ll of the individual area bulletins fo r a round
of su rveys, a tw o -p a rt sum m ary bulletin is issued. The
fir s t part brings data fo r each o f the m etrop olitan areas
studied into one bulletin. The second part presents in fo r ­
m ation which has been p ro jected fro m individual m e tr o ­
politan a rea data to rela te to econom ic region s and the
United States.
E igh ty-tw o areas cu rren tly a re included in the
p rogra m . Inform ation on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d
annually in each area . Inform ation on establishm ent p r a c ­
tices and supplem entary wage provision s is obtained b ien ­
n ia lly in m ost of the a rea s.

1
3

10
11




Occupational Wage Survey—Des Moines, Iowa
Introduction
Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i . e . , those h ire d to w o rk a re gu la r w eek ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, holidays, and
la te shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W here w eek ly hours a re
rep o rted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe re n c e is to the w o rk
schedules (rounded to the n ea rest h a lf hour) fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n ea rest h alf d o lla r.

Th is a rea is 1 o f 82 in which the U. S. Departm ent o f Labor*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts surveys o f occupational earnings
and rela ted w age benefits on an area w id e b a sis.
Th is bulletin presen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym ent and
earnings in form ation obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld econom ists in the la s t p reviou s su rvey fo r
occupations rep orted in that e a r lie r study. P e rs o n a l v is its w e re made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents rep ortin g unusual changes
since the previou s su rvey.

The a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e estim ates.
Industries and establishm ents d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim ates fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fro m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t accu rately
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among jobs in individual
establishm ents. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v era g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and wom en in any o f the selected occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tablishm ents. O ther p ossib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r men and wom en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
within established rate ran ges, since only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents a re collected ; and d iffe re n c e s in sp e c ific duties p e rfo rm ed ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria tely c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job descrip tion . Job descrip tion s used in c la ssify in g em ployees
in these su rveys a re usually m ore g e n e ra lize d than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

In each a re a , data a re obtained fr o m re p resen ta tive estab­
lishm ents within six broad industry d ivisio n s: M anufacturing; tra n s­
p ortation, com m unication, and other public u tilitie s ; w h olesa le trad e;
re ta il trad e; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jor
industry groups excluded fro m these studies a re govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the construction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries. Establishm ents
having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d number of w o rk e rs a re om itted because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w arran t inclusion. Separate tabulations a re p rovid ed fo r each of the
broad industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .
Th ese surveys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because of
the unnecessary cost in volved in surveying a ll establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum accu racy at m inim um cost, a g re a te r p roportion of
la r g e than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ever, a ll establishm ents a re given th e ir ap p rop riate w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied a re p resen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relatin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and area ,
except fo r those below the m inim um s ize studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ithin the scope of the study and not the number actually
su rveyed. Because o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishm ents, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to indicate the re la tiv e
im portan ce o f the jobs studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
structure do not m a te ria lly a ffe c t the accu racy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study a re com m on to a v a rie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
follow in g types: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la ssifica tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
descrip tion s designed to take account o f in terestab lish m en t va ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job.
The occupations selected fo r study
a re lis te d and d escrib ed in appendix B.
E arnings data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed a re not presen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because eith er ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro vid e enough data to m e rit presentation, o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility of d isclo su re o f individual establishm ent data.




Establishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
Tabulations on selected establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supple­
m entary w age p rovision s (B - s e r ie s tables) a re not presented in this
bulletin.
In form ation fo r these tabulations is c o llected biennially in
this area .
Th ese tabulations on m inim um entrance sa la ries fo r
in exp erien ced wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled
w eek ly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; a re presen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins fo r this a rea .

1

2




T able 1.

Establishm ents and w ork e rs within scope of survey and number studied in Des M oines, Iowa, 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 F e b ru a ry 1965
Num ber of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

W ork ers in establishments

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Within scope
of study *

Studied

237

99

46,000

32,120

38
61

1 9 ,2 0 0

"

73
164

15,160
16,960

50
50
50
50
50

22
27
51
45
19

15
11
14
14
7

A ll divisions_____________________________________________________
50

Manufacturing___________________________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5 ____________________________________
W holesale t r a d e 6 ___________________________________________
R etail trade 6— _____________________________________________
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate 6
____________________
S e r v ic e s 67---------------------------- -------------- ------------------------

26,800
5,
4,
7,
7,
2,

500
200
100
800
200

4, 800
2 ,92 0

3,940
4, 230
1,070

1 The Des Moines Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a consists of P o lk County. The "w o rk e rs within scope of study" estimates shown in
this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not
intended, how ever, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure employment trends or levels since
(1) pieinning of wage surveys req uires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the p a yroll period studied, and (2) sm all
establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual w as used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir se rv ice, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4

Inclu des a ll w o r k e r s in a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l em p lo ym en t (w ithin the are a ) at o r ab ove the m inim u m lim ita tio n .

5 Taxicabs and services incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for " a ll industries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sample w as not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response w as insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; person al serv ices; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organ izations); and engineering and architectural services.

T able 2.

Indexes of standard weekly sala rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
Des M oines, Iowa, F e b ru a ry 1965 and F e b ru a ry 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(F e b ru a ry 1961 = 100)

Percents of increase

Industry and occupational group

F e b ru a ry 1964
to
F e b ru a ry 1965

F eb ru ary 1963
to
F e b ru a ry 1964

F e bru a ry 1962
to
F e bru a ry 1963

F e b ru a ry 1961
to
F e bru a ry 1962

F e b ru a ry 1965

F e b ru a ry 1964

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (men and w o m e n )_____
Industrial nurses (men and wom en)__
Skilled maintenance (m en)_____________
Unskilled plant (m e n )__________________

114.
116.
112.
113.

2
8
2
7

111.
112.
108.
109.

3
4
9
4

2.
3.
3.
4.

6
8
0
0

3.
4.
3.
3.

2
0
2
3

3. 0
3. 6
2.9
3. 2

4.
4.
2.
2.

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w o m e n )_____
Industrial nurses (men and w om en)__
Skilled maintenance (m en)-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )__________________

113. 5
114. 9
no. 9
114. 1

109.
110.
108.
110.

7
6
0
7

3.
3.
2.
3.

5
8
7
1

2. 1

3. 7
(M
2.9
2. 7

3. 6
( l)
2. 2
3. 1

1 Data do not meet publication c riteria.

( l )

2. 6
4. 4

7
3
6
5

F e bru a ry I960
to
F e bru a ry 1961

1.
4.
4.
5.

1
5
0
6

1.9
3.9
4. 4
4. 8

3
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c te d p lan t w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s o f chan ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l hou rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the s tan d a rd w o r k sc h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r plan t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e ch an ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y fo r
o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in ea ch g ro u p .
T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d ata a r e b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p to m e te r o p e r a to r s ; k eypu n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f ic e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a to r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B. T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rs e data a r e
b a s e d on m en and w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u rs e s .
M e n in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in c lu d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n te r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
ch a n ic s; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in te r s ; p ip e fit t e r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r ia l han d lin g.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly
com p u ted fo r ea ch o f the
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d




s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a c h o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d e a rn in g s

fo r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e then to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a te fo r
each o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n ta g e )
o f the g ro u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the o th e r
y e a r w a s com p u te d and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f chan ge f r o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The
in d e x e s w e r e com p u ted b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s fo r each gro u p
a g g r e ga>te f o r e a c h p e r io d a ft e r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 61 ).
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e ch an ges; (2) m e r it o r o th e r
in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e
job ; and (3 ) c h an ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to ch an ges in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u ltin g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and ch an ges in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d iffe r e n t p a y le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l
w a g e c h a n ge s .
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n sio n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r p aid w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w o u ld h a ve the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld cau se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no chan ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
T h e u se o f con stan t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch an ges in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e f l e c t on ly chan ges in
a v e r a g e p ay f o r s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d by
c h a n g e s in sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s such, or by p r e m i u m pa y
fo r o v e r t im e .

4

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Io w a , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Average
weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

40

45

5C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

Middle range 2

( standard)

39.5
40.0
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUN11NG, CLASS A ----------MANCFACTURINC ---------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

$

112.50 108.50
1 2 0 .0 0 123.00
102.50 106.00

125

%

130

$

135

%

140

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

9 5 . 0 0 - 129.00
107.00-134.50
88.00109.00

110

115

120

125

-

-

and

130

135

140

over

5

under
45

$

4

1

38

21
6

15

101.00

75.00-

116.50

3

CLERKS, 0 RC ER -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUKINC --------------------------

40.0
4C.0

98.50
97.50

103.50

93.5092.50-

108.50
108.50

16

CF fIC t BOYS -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUKING --------------------

39.5
39.5

59.00
57.00

5 5 . 0C
56.50

5 2 .0 0 - 59.50
5 3 .0 0 - 59.00

38.5
38.5

108.50
104.50

107.50
106.50

99 .50 -1 0 9 .5 0
58 .00 -1 0 9 .0 0

39.0
38.5

96.00
94.50

100.50
94.00

8 5 . 00 -1 05 .00
8 7 . 50 -1 04 .50

CLERKS,

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —

1 02.00

10
15
4

TAEULATING-MACFINE CPERATCRS,
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------

12
11

TAEULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS•
NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

11

16
10

11

TAEULATING-MACFINE CPERATCRS,
6 7 . 5 0 - 92.00

hGMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M AC HI NE) -------------------------------------------------MANCFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

46
25

40.0
40.0

64.50
66.50

64.50
65.50

5 7 .0 0 - 69.00
5 8 . 0C- 69.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------

22

37.5

60.00

62.00

4 8 . 5 0 - 71.00

BCCKKEEP1NG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

32

22

39.5
39.0

82.50
78.50

85.00
79.00

7 3 .5 0 72.00-

89.50
87.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------

76
24
52

39.0
40.0
39.0

65.00
65.00
65.00

64.00
64.00
63.50

59 .0C 6 0 .5 0 5 7 . 0C-

70.00
70.00
74.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NGNMANUFACTUR I N G --------------

154
23
131

39.5
40.0
39.5

82.50
95.50
80.00

83.00
97.00
81.00

7 2 .5 0 - 93.00
9 1 . 00 -1 02 .50
7 1 .5 0 - 91.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING-------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

408
45
363

39.5
4C.0
39.5

72.50
84.50
71.00

71.00

86.00
70.00

6 3 .0 0 - 83.00
74 .50 - 92.50
6 2 .5 0 - 80.50

67
64

39.0
39.0

64.50
64.00

65.50
65. 50

59 .0C - 70.00
58 .5 0 - 69.50

396
369

38.5
38.5

56.00
5 6 . OC

56.50
56.50

5 1

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
NCNMANUFACTURING —
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B —
NCNMANUfAC TURIN G ------

See footnotes at end of table.




.

5 Q - 61.00
5 1 .5 0 - 61.00

8
4

9
4

7
4

4

2

15
8

2

6

l

2
2

3
3

2
1
1

11
3
8

1
l
-

14
14

25
2
23

14
2
12

20

5 8

5 8

2

11
5
6
-

-

4
4

6
6
9

1
1

-

9
3
3

55
55

1

22
9
13

14
5
9

4
4

10
5

1

4
2

4
4

20

10
l
9

33
4
29

8
7
1

35

6 4

13

-

-

2

1

-

-

1

-

1

8

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

2

4

3

5

13

3

-

1

7

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

31

70

56

54

3 3

30

5 1

10

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

12
11

20
20

11
11

117
117

92
89

23
21

84
82

31

74

6
6

36

3

2

1

-

-

2

14
4
10

23

25

6
6
19
19

2
2

2
-

5

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Io w a , F e b r u a r y 1965)
W eekly earn in gs1
(standard)
A verage
w eekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of-—
40

M edian 2

and
under
45

WOMEN -

45

5C

_

_

55

60

65

70

_

50

55

75

65

85

~

70

75

90

95

_

~

60

80

_

~

80

85

90

-

-

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

_
~

~

95

and
ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C over

CONTINUED

188
186

39.0
39.0

$
52.50
52.50

$
52.50
52.50

5 1 . 0C- 54.50
5 1 . 0 0 - 54.50

27
27

124
124

37
37

CLERKSt JRC ER —
MANUFACTURING

58
16

40.0
40.0

66.50
74.50

65.50
72.50

5 8 . 0C- 74.50
6 5 .5 0 - 96.00

3
-

1
1

17
2

8
l

9
4

7
1

8
2

C L E R K S t PAYROLL --------MANLFACTUR I N G -----NCNMANUFACTLRING -

74
37
37

39.5
40.0
39.5

8 1 . 5C
84.50
7 8 . 0C

80.50
82.50
79.50

7 5 .5 0 - 92.00
7 7 . 5 0 - 92.00
7 0 . 5 0 - 92.00

4

-

-

-

1

1

4

1
1
-

5
2
3

5
1
4

19
12
7

11
6
5

COMPTOMETER UPE k ATORS
NONMANUFACTURING —

71
5b

39.0
39.0

73.50
71.00

72.00
72.50

63.5064.00-

6
6

1
1

2
2

9
3

11
9

9
9

12
12

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A S S A -------------MA NU FAC TU RIN G -------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

13C
34
96

39.5
40.0
39.5

78.50
88.50
75.00

77.50
89.50
74.50

7 2 . 5 0 - 83.50
8 3 . 0 0 - 93.50
7 1 . 5 0 - 79.50

-

-

4

6

44
l
43

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, C L A S S B

324
40
2 84

39.0
40.0
39.0

6 3.00
71.50
62.00

61.00
72.50
60.00

5 6 . 5 0 - 68.00
6 7 . 0 0 - 77.50
5 6 . 5 0 - 66.00

-

45
1
44

104
2
102

62
5
57

52
6
46

OFFICE GIRLS -------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

133
130

39.0
39.0

58.00
57.50

57.00
57.00

5 3 . 0 0 - 62.00
5 3 . CC- 62.00

10
10

40
40

38
38

29
28

SECRETARIES --------------------

536
171
365
15

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

88.00

85.50
86.50
85.50
05.00

7 6 .5 0 - 99.00
7 9 . 5 0 - 98.50
7 5 . 5 0 - 100.00
80 .00 -1 1 5 .0 0

4

90.00
87.00
99.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4-------------------------

436
85
351
43

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

70.00
76.50
68.50
78.50

69.50
74.50
67.00
76.00

6 1 . 0 0 - 76.50
6 9 .0 0 - 84.00
6 0 . 0 0 - 74.50
6 9 .0 0 - 89.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR —
MANUFACTURING-----------NCNM ANUF AC TU R I N G ------

162
44
HE

39.0
40.0
38.5

83.00
86.00
62.00

83.00
87.00
81.00

7 1 . 0 0 - 53.00
7 9 .0 0 - 93.50
7C.C0- 92.50

-

-

59
50

42.0
42.5

67.00
64.50

67.00
61.50

5 3 . 0C- 8C.50
5 2 .5 0 - 80.00

6
6

14
14

108
4C
66

39.5
40.0
39.0

69.00
75.50
65.50

67.50
78.00
64.50

6 1 . CO- 75.50
6 6 .5 0 - 83.50
5 9 .0 0 - 70.50

-

3
2
1

38.5
3b.5

82.00
81.00

85.50
85.50

7 2 .0 0 - 88.50
7 1 .5 0 - 88.50

_

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C
NCNMANUFACTURING —

MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------

MANUFACTURING ----------NCNMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 4-

SW ITCFECARC OPERATORS-------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------sw itch

eo a r c o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i c n i s t s -

MANOFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------TAEULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS 8 ----------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------

$

$

82.50
79.00

TAEULATING-MACFINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------NLNMANUFACTURINb ------------------

15C
137

39.0
39.0

67.50
67.00

65.00
64.50

6 1 .5 0 6 1 .5 0 -

TRANSCRieiNO-MACFINE CPERATCRS,
general -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------

156
26
13C

39.5
40.0
39.5

66.50
76.50
64.50

64.00
74.50
62.50

5 8 .0 0 - 72.00
6 9 .5 0 - 92.00
5 7 .5 0 - 69.00

See fo o tn o tes

at end o f ta ble,




75.00
73.00

1

3
3

1

1
1

4
4

3
3
-

16
8
8

3
1
2

2
2

2
2

2

4
4

1
1

_

24
3
21

28
8
20

8
6
2

12
12

2
2

2
2

_

_

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

31
12
19

14
10
4

6
3
3

6
1
5

_

_

_

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

4

“

“

“

-

-

6
6

4
3

2
2

3
3

l

16
9
7
2

8
3
5
“

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

9
2
7
1

5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_
-

8
3

1

1
1

_

_

1

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

_

_

-

1

1
1

~

-

-

-

-

2
-

1
*

4
-

12
4
8
-

40
8
32
-

52
15
37
2

69
17
52
2

82
37
45
-

45
18
27
1

71
20
51
1

30
14
16
-

53
6
47
2

25
6
19
1

10
5
5
3

3

73
2
71
-

ei
u
7C
2

51
9
42
11

96
23
73
8

34
10
24
5

40
11
29
2

14
4
10
6

11
4
7
5

9
5
4
2

3
3

3
“

15
1
14
*

2
1
1
1

4
1
3
1

-

-

-

~

_

_

1

15
3
12

24
6
18

23
11
12

15
7
8

15
1
14

3
2
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

1
1
-

_

3

7
4
3

_

1

15
2
13

4

-

15
2
13

3

-

21
5
16

5
5

2
2

8
6

4
3

5
2

9
8

1

2
2

_

2
2

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

19

22
7
15

18
4
14

18
5
13

6
4
2

14
12
2

1
1
~

3
3

-

2
1
1

_

_

1
1
~

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

-

-

-

19

_

_

6
6

7
6

l
1

3
2

14
13

2

_

_

_

_

_

2

“

1
1

_

~

~

~

~

~

8
8
-

_

_

-

-

5
1
4

2

-

1
1

-

_

1

-

-

“

_
_

-

1C
9

12
11

53
53

24
23

14
13

9
6

22
16

48
3
45

23
23

29
3
26

15
7
8

10
2
8

5
-

2
1
1

-

-

-

l
~

_

_

~

~

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

11
.1
1C

-

-

5

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , D es M o in es, Iow a, F e b ru a ry 1965)
W eekly earn in gs1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

A verage
w eekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

S
40

t

$

$

$

WOMEN -

M e an 2

M edian 2

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

s

$

s

%

$

$

s

s

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICC

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

140

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

-

-

6
6

29
6
23
3

3C
2
28
1

32
6
26
4

4
2
2

11
7
4
1

4
1
3
3

_

3
3

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

11
11
3

133
1
132
~

171
5
166
4

74
3
71

45
5
40

_

8

2

15
4
11
1

“

~

-

-

-

and
under

M iddle range 2

CONTINUED

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4--------------------------

131
28
103
15

39.5
4G.0
39.0
39.5

k o o
77.50
66.50
70.50

$
68.50
76.00
67.00
71.00

$
63.0068.0062.0061.50-

$
73.50
84.00
72.00
85.00

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUEL IC U T IL I T I E S 4--------------------------

482
21
461
22

39.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

58.50
67.50
58.50
72.50

57.50
67.00
57.00
64.50

5 3 . 5 0 - 62.00
5 9 . 5 0 - 73.00
5 3 . 5C- 61.50
6 1 . CC- 92.00

3
-

3

*
24
-

24

'

-

7

2

-

2

7

-

6

1
1

-

~

1

l
l

-

6
6

~

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
* Workers were distributed as follows:
5 at $140 to $145; 2 at $150 to $155; and 1 at $175 to $180.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Des Moines, Iowa, Fe bruary 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time
weekly earnings of----

W eekly earn in gs1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

A verage
w eekly
h o w s1
( standard]

$

*

95
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

*

$

$

120

125

-

110

115

-

-

125

130

135

100

105

and
under

_

_

100

Sex, occupation, and industry division

105

11C

115

120

6
5

3
2

4
4

2
2

5
4

$

130

WOMEN
NURSES, INCUSTRIAL (R EG IS TE RE D) ------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

21
18

$
$
40.0 108.00 107.50
40.0 108.00 108.00

9 9 . 50 -1 16 .50
100.00-116.50

-

-

l
1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings cor r e spond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .

Data were not
descriptions, which
It was not feasible
for draftsmen and

collected for draftsmen and tracers due to the revision of occupational
were revised to facilitate improved classification.
(See appendix A.)
to collect earnings data by mail the first year; however, earnings data
tracers will be collected by personal visit and published next year.

7
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n s , D e s M o in e s , Io w a , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Average

Average

Number

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

of

Weekly
earnings *
(standard! (standard)
Weekly

OFFICt

O C C U PA T IO N S

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CO NT IN UED

4 0 .0
40 .0
4C .0

84
36
46
15

39.5
40 .0
39.5
4 0.0

$
8 4 .5 0
8 5.50
8 3.00
94 .5 0

22

3 7.5

60.00

C CM PT UMET ER O P E R A T O R S
NCNMAN UF ACT UR ING —

71
56

39.0
39 .0

7 3.50
71.00

39.5
39.5

8 4.50
6 2.00

1 3C
34
96

3 9.5

4C
30

4 0 .0
39.5

7 8 .5 0
8 8.50
75.00

39.0
4 0 .0
39.0

63 .0 0
7 1.50
6 2.00

3 9.0
40.0
39 .0

5 8 .5 0
63.00
5 7.50

B I L L E R S , MA CHINE ( B O OK KE EP IN G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------BGCKKtEP 1 NG -M ACH INE O P ER ATO R S ,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G -------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH

78
24

39.0
40.0

66 .0 0
65 .0 0

54

3 9 .C

O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OP ER ATOR S , C LA S S 8
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

324
40
284

66 .5 0

NUN MA NUF ACT UR ING

G I R L S ----------------------------------

167

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

146

O FFIC t
226
63
163
43

39.5
4 0 .0
39.5
4 0.0

92.00

1 1 1 .0 0

------------------

80YS

AND

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ----------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

54
25
25

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------

OCCUPATIONS

Number
of
workers

$
66 .5 0
66 .0 0
67 .0 0

B I L L E R S , MA CHINE ( B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

ECO KK EE P 1 NG-MA CH IN E O P ER ATO R S ,
C L A S S 8 ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

Occupation and industry divisi'

21

OCCUPATIONS

-

Number
of

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)i (standard)

CONTINUED

SR I T C F B C A R C O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I C N I S T S M A N U F AC TU R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

106

$
6 9.00

40
68

39 .5
40.0
39.0

T A EU L A T I N G - M A C H I N E C P E R A T C R S ,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T L R I N G -------------------------------------

28
24

38.5
38.5

103.50
9 9.50

TA EU L ATIN C -M ACH INE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------------

92

3 9.0

90 .5 0

17
75

4 0 .0
38.5

9 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

172
21
15 1

39.5
4 0.0
39 .0

6 7 .5 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S C ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

7 5.50
65 .5 0

69 .0 0
8 1.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------

39.5
4 0.0
39.5

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

------------------------------

446
65
377

74.50
92.00

NO NM AN UFA CT UR ING

7 1.00

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U 6 L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-

CLERKS, F I L t ,
CLA SS
NCNMA NUF ACT UR ING

A -------------------------------------------------------

67
64

39.0
39.0

64 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -------------------------N C N M A N U FA C TU R I N G ------------------------------

396
385

38.5
38.5

56 .0 0
5 6.00

TRANSCRIEING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

15 7
26

N CN MAN UF A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

8 4.50
96.00

131

40.0
3 9.5

67.00
76.50
65.00

134
3C
10 4

39.5
40.0
3 9.0

6 9.00
77.50
66 .5 0

536
17 1
3 65
15

3 9.5
4 0 .0
3 9.0
3 9.5

8 6.00
9 0.00
8 7.00
9 9.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------U T I L I T I E S 2 --------------------------------

15

39.5

70.50

43e
87
35 1

39.0
4 0 .0
39.0
4 0 .0

7 0 .0 0
77 .5 0
68 .5 0
7 8.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S 8 --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G - j --------------------------------

486
21
465

39.0
40 .0
39.0

5 8.50
6 7.50
58.50

22

4 0 .0

7 2.50

21
18

40 .0 108.00
4 0 .0 . 108.00

PUBLIC
S T E N O C R A P H E R S , G E N E RA L -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

43

PUBLIC
C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -------------------------N C N M A N UF A CT UR I N G ------------------------------

188
188

39.0
39.0

5 2.50
52.50

C L E R K S , GRCE R ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

11 2
2*
88

40 .0
4 0.0
4 0 .0

8 2.00
8 4.50
81 .5 0

STENOCRAPHERS,
S E N I O R -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------S WITCh BC ARC

O P E R A T O R S ---------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S --------------------------------

1 62
44
118

29.0
4 0 .0
38.5

8 3.00
86 .0 0
82.00

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
OCCUPATIONS

59

42 .0
42 .5

6 7 .0 0
64 .5 0

NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL
( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

50

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




39.5

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o ccu p atio n s s tu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Io w a, F e b r u a r y 1965)

Number of workers rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
$

Number

1.80

Occupation and industry division
workers

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
1.90 2 . 0 0

$

MAINTENANCE ----------------------

18

3.31

$
3.34

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1IC
1 C1

3.43
3.43

3.38
3.38

3 . 1 7 - 3.69
3 . 1 7 - 3.68

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACILRING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES 3 --------------------------

7C
3C
4C
15

2.91
3.32
2.59
2.76

2.96
3.36
2.46
2.69

2 . 4 2 - 3.34
3 . 1 6 - 3.53
2 . 3 6 - 2.86
2 . 4 8 - 3.23

FIREMEN, STATIONARY B O I L E R --------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

53
38
15

2.76
2.93
2.32

2.87
2.94
2.23

2 . 5 2 - 3.2C
2 . 8 3 - 3.22
1 .9 9 - 2.39

HELPERS,

MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------

40

2.89

2.94

2 . 6 8 - 3.11

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE---------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

87
78

3.37
3.38

3.34
3.36

$

$

S

I

1

S

$

3.30 3
1.40 3.50

2 . 1C 2.2C 2.3C 2.4C

2.5C 2.6C 2.70 2. 80 2. 90 3.00 3.10

$

3.6C

3.7C 3.8C

3.2C 3.. 30 3.40 3
1.50 3.60 3.7C 3.8C

$
-

1

3

“

1

_

_

3
3

_

-

2
1

!
1
~

4
4
3

_
-

4
1
3
3

4
4
~

4

-

7
6
1

-

_
-

12
12
“

4
4
-

-

-

2

10

1

4

10

_

-

_

-

_

1

9
9

-

~

-

_

_

_

2

_

-

“

_
“

_
-

_
-

_
-

3
3
1

13
13
~

8
8
4

1
1

3
3

1
1

2
2

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

-

3 . 1 2 - 3.65
3 . 1 4 - 3.65

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( MAINTENANCE I ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 3--------------------------

202
50
152
131

3.14
3.05
3.17
3.16

3.20
3.11
3.22
3.22

3 . 0 7 - 3.26
2 . 9 5 - 3.19
3 . 1 1 - 3.26
3 . 0 8 - 3.26

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

231
209

3.18
3.15

3.18
3.17

2 . 9 9 - 3.36
2 . 9 9 - 3.34

_

26
23

2.77
2.74

2.95
2.79

2 . 3 7 - 3.15
2 . 3 5 - 3.16

_

MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

24
17

2.14
3.23

3.19
3.33

2 . 9 1 - 3.44
3 . 1 4 - 3.45

TCOL ANC DIE MAKERS-----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

113
113

3.49
3.49

3.39
3.39

3.223.22-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

_

-

_

“

~

-

3.91
3.91

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts,
F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




S

3. 1C 3..20

$
3.9C 4.0C

$

and

2 . 7 8 - 3.86

$

2 .1 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
2 . 2 C 2.3C 2.4C 2.5C 2.60 2. 70 2.80 2.90 3.00

and
under
1.90 2 . 0 0

CARPENTERS,

\

-

_

_

-

l
1
-

_

4

-

-

-

_

-

2
2

13
13

4
4

24
24

5
5
-

4
4
4

9
9
-

3
3

2
2
“

11
11

2

3
8

17
17

8
8
-

“

“

2

“

3

-

1
1

24
24

14
14

7
1

1
1

3
3

1
1
~

10
10
~

-

“

~

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

”

*

4

3

4
4

-

-

'

'
_
-

-

2

-

-

“

3C
3C
_

_

_

-

10
10

_

-

-

-

-

_
-

62
62

1
1

11
11

18

-

-

-

-

10
10
_

7
7
-

29
7
22
22

38
17
21
9

94
94
85

75
75

6
6

-

“

5
4

8
8
8

4

~

“

1C

4

4

3
3
3

6

2
10
10

3.9C 4.0C over

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

10
6

8
8

24
24

12
12

_

4
4

-

4
4

_

_

1
1

3
3

1
l

-

-

3
~

9
9

1
1

1
~

_

-

-

-

-

2
1

3
2

2
~

1
~

4
4

l
1

3
3

5
5

1
1

1
~

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

17
17

3
3

3
3

4
4

10
10

23
23

3
3

-

2
2

15
15

2
2

31
31

-

-

~

-

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , D e s M o in e s , Io w a , F e b r u a r y 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 1
2

Occupation1 and industry division

N um ber
of
w o r k e rs

Under
M ean3

M e d ia n 3

M i d d le r a n g e 3

$
1 .00

$
1. 10 1 .2 0

*

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 . 3C 1.40 1. 50 1.60 1. 70 1.80 1 ..90 2 . 0 0

2.11

$
2 .2 0

1.90 2 ..00 2 . 1 0

2 .2 0

2.30 2.40 2.50 2 ..60 2.70 2.80

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

14
14

26
26

NCNM ANUF ACTURING------------------------------

66
64

$
1.19
1.18

$
1.16
1.16

$
$
1 .1 0 - 1.27
1 .0 9 - 1.25

3
3

GLARCS ANC WATCHMEN-----------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

52
41

2.51
2.71

2.83
2.85

2.132.81-

-

-

-

-

“

JAMTLRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

564
338
226
4C

2.04
2.38
1.53
2.06

2 .1 1
2.52
1.52
2 .1 2

1 .6 2 - 2.55
2 . 12- 2.7C
1 .2 9 - 1.79
2 . 0 4 - 2.17

1.3 C 1.4C

1.50

11
11

2
2

2
2

2.89
2.90

16

_

2

l

3
3

-

n

10

18
18
“

2?
4
18
2

_

_

23

-

-

-

-

16

11

10

~

~

~

23
1

_

_

JAM ICRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

58
52

1.48
1.42

1.34
1.29

1 .2 5 1 .2 5 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

464
221
243

2.47
2.52
2.41

2.64
2.63
2.81

2 . 0 7 - 2.86
2 . 3 7 - 2.69
1 .6 3 - 3.22

-

ORCEK
F I L L E R S ---------------------------------------MANUFACTLR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

227
31
196

2.60
2.39
2.64

2.72
2.42
2.73

2 . 5 5 - 2.82
2 . 1 5 - 2.84
2 . 6 0 - 2.81

~
-

1.67
1.64

$
$
2.30 2.40

S
1
$
S
2 ..50 2.60 2.7C 2.80

S
$
$
2.90 3.00 3.20

8
6

-

ELEVATOR OPERATOR S, PASSENGER

%

and
under

S

1
1

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

5
-

_

33
1
32
1

1.60 1. 70 1.80

-

1

35
l
34
2

20
1l
9

13
7
6
1

4

l

2
2

30
21
9
~

1

40
25
15
9

b
5

-

~

5
~

-

97
76
21
20

5
5
~

3
3
~

3
3
3

_

_

_

_

_

3
3
~

25
16
9

18
6
12

21
17
4

93
90
3

2
-

12
2
1C

7
3
4

6
6
-

24
24

36
36

27
27

4
4

-

-

18
18

_

30

9
9

4
3
1

17
3
14

13
6
7

15
3
12

2
2

2
2

26
22
4

6
5
1

3

-

-

_

8
6
2

2
2

_
-

4

-

l

-

30
_

3
3

3

S U P P I N G ----------------------------------

74

2 .8 6

2.87

2.81-

RECEIVING CLERKS-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

7C
37
33

2.51
2.44
2.60

2.47
2.42
2.69

2 . 2 7 - 2.78
2 . 2 5 - 2.55
2 . 3 6 - 2.84

SUP PI N G CLERKS-------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ------------------------------

43
26
17

2.71
2.73
2.68

2.81
3.01
2.79

2.392.362.73-

S UP P IN G ANC RECEIVING CLERKS--------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

41
27

2.50
2.64

2.69
2.73

2 . 1 5 - 2.92
2 . 2 0 - 2.95

_

TRUCKERIVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

377
72
305
244

2.91
2.52
3.01
3.13

3.19
2.57
3.22
3.23

2 . 6 0 - 3.25
2 . 3 4 - 2.71
2 . 9 3 - 3.26
3 . 2 0 - 3.27

_

_

_

_

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TCNSI ----------------------------------------

19

2.33

2.61

2.25-

2.67

-

-

-

2.29

-

-

-

-

84
83
1
1

-

_

-

-

~

17
17
-

1

3.2C

3.40

24
24

4
4

5
5

_

67
67
-

_
~

_
-

17
17
~

_
-

_

_

_

_

_

98
44
54

l
I
"

_
-

74
74

56
56

63
7
56

3
3

_
-

“
28

2

-

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM I 1-1/2 TO
ANC INCLUDING A TONS) -------------------

4

-

2.90 3.00

PACKERS,

3.24

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

9

28

-

1

4

5
1

12
11
1

1
I

6
6

9
5
4

12
12

3
3
-

-

_
-

-

14
12
2

l
1

3

-

4

-

4

-

1
1

3
3
“

3
3
-

1
1

-

6
6

8
8

-

11
11

3
3

2

1
1

2
2

_

3

1
~

11
11

1

3

7
3

_

-

-

16
16
-

2
2
-

13
l
12

36

-

-

-

-

4

3.04
3.08
2.86
-

_

_

23

2.30

2.25

2 . 20-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TONS,
TRA 1LER TYPE ) ------------------------------------

31

2.71

2 .6 8

2 . 6 1 - 2.94

-

-

-

165
144

2.63
2.62

2.75
2.75

2 . 3 5 - 2.83
2 . 2 8 - 2.83

_

-

_

_

_

3

_

2

_

2

_

7
7

1

l

6
6

1
l

-

16
1C
6

12
6
6

32
11
21
1

6

12

-

-

16
16

23
23

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

_

6
4

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
3 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




and late shifts.

4

23
5
18
18

33
15
18
4

1

4

12

7
2
2

3

13
7

12
49
49

59
47

-

36
36

184
184
184

-

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A , B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills.
Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published.
In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided.
The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

10

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

11

12
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have beep filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

13
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

14
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

15
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




16
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the followings Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts* In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment*

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required* Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush*
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded*
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order*
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake* In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience*

18
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US T ODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

19
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woric requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are

e y e lid .
For wage study puiposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1____________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., Mar. 1964 1_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex., Apr. 19641__________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., Feb. 1964 1
Atlanta, Ga., May 1964 1 ----------------------------------Baltimore, Md., Nov. 19641 ________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1964 1___________
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ------------------Boston, Mass., Oct. 19641 -----------------------

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N.Y., Dec. 1964 1
__________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1964

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1--------Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 ________
Charlotte, N .C., Apr. 19641 _____
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 19641___
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 --------------------------- ----Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., Mar. 1964 1--------------------K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 _____________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ----------------------------

A rea
M iam i, F la., Dec. 1964—
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964— .
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1_________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1965________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965-—
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964.
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641______________________
N orfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964-_____ -____________ —___
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 _______________

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39,
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964___________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., May 1964 1 -----P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1964 1------------------Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 1964 1_______________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651_______________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964----------------------------Portland, Or eg.— ash., May 1964 1______________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964---M
Raleigh, N. C ., Sept. 1964_________________________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,
1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641 -------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M

1430-25, 30 cents

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965__ ______________ -_________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964_________________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1965______________________
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 19651 ________________________
F o rt Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 1____________________
Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1--------------------------G reenville, S.C., May 1964 1--------Houston, Tex., June 19641 _
_

1430-31,
1430-32,
1430-47,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
30 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1______________
San Fran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 1965 l .
Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1__________________
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964____________________
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964-_____ ____________

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964___________________
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1965___________________ _
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 1965 1----------------------

1430-30,
1430-44,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

Sioux F alls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964----------------South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1-______________
Spokane, Wash., May 1964__________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_____________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1__________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1964 1____
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1_____________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1________________
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1964 1________________
W o rcester, M ass., June 1964 1_____________
York, P a ., Feb. 1965________________________

1430-20, 25 cents

Kansas City, Mo.HKans., Nov. 1964___
Law rence— averhill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 __
H
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, Ark., Aug. 1964 1.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1964 1 ___
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1965 1__________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1______________._________
M anchester, N .H ., Aug. 1964 1 ________________ ___
Mem phis, Tenn., Jan. 1965—____ -____ __ ________

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Bulletin number
and price

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 1________________________
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 19641________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1___________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964-______________
San Bernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, C alif.,

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,
1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1430-46,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102