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Occupational Wage Survey

NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY
FEBRUARY 1965

Bul l et i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 5




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
NEWARK AND JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B u lletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 5
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




P reface

Contents
P a ge

The Bureau of L a b o r S tatistics p ro g ra m of annual
occupational w age su rveys in m etrop olita n a rea s is designed
to p ro vid e data on occupational earnings, and establish m en t
p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s
d etailed data by s e lected industry division s fo r each o f the
areas studied, fo r econ om ic reg io n s, and fo r the United
States. A m a jo r con sid eration in the p ro g ra m is the need
fo r g r e a te r insight into (1) the m ovem en t of w ages b y o c c u ­
pational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the stru ctu re and
le v e l of w ages among a rea s and industry d ivisio n s.
A t the end of each su rvey, an individual a rea
bu lletin presen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each a re a studied.
A fte r com pletion of a ll of the individual a re a bulletins fo r
a round of su rveys, a tw o -p a rt su m m ary b u lletin is issued.
The fir s t p a rt brin gs data fo r each of the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bulletin. The second p a rt presen ts
in form ation which has been p ro je c te d fr o m individual m e t­
ropolitan a re a data to re la te to econom ic region s and the
United States.
E igh ty-tw o a rea s c u rre n tly a re included in the
p ro gra m . In form ation on occupational earnings is c o lle c te d
annually in each a rea. In form ation on establishm ent p r a c ­
tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost of the areas.

In trodu ction ___________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r s e lected occupational g ro u p s ____________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of su rvey and
number stu d ied ______________________________________________________
Indexes of standard w e e k ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly
earnings fo r s e lected occupational groups, and p ercen ts of
in crea se fo r s e lected p e r io d s ______________________________________

2

2

O ccupational ea rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations— en and w o m en _________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations—
men and w om en
A -3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b in e d __________________________________
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occu pation s___________________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem ent occupations______________

8
10
12

A ppendixes:
A . Changes in occupational d e scrip tio n s_______________________________
B. O ccupational d escrip tio n s____________________________________________

14
15

area s.

This bu lletin presen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., in F e b ru a ry 1965.
It was
p rep a red in the B u reau 's reg io n a l o ffic e in N ew Y o rk , N .Y .,
by P h ilip G oldstein, under the d irectio n of H arold A .
B a rletta .
The study was under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n of
F r e d e r ic k W. M u e lle r, A ssista n t R egion al D ire c to r fo r
W ages and In du strial R elation s.




1
3

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re availab le fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r .)

C u rren t rep o rts on occupational earnings and supple­
m en tary w age p ro visio n s in the N ew ark and J e rs e y C ity
a rea a re also a va ila b le fo r auto d e a le r re p a ir shops
(S eptem ber 1964), and the m a ch in ery indu stries (A p ril 1964).
Union s c a le s , in d icative of p re v a ilin g pay le v e ls , are
a va ila b le fo r building construction, printing, lo c a l-tra n s it
operatin g em p lo yees, and m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h elp ers.

iii

4
8




Occupational W age Survey—Newark and Jersey City, N.J.
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e . , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the g iv e n occupational c la s s ific a tio n . E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid ays, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk
schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r which s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n ea res t h a lf d o lla r.

T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U .S . D epartm ent o f L ab or*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age b en efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
T h is b u lletin p resen ts cu rren t occupational em ploym en t and
earnings in form a tion obtained la r g e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
v is ite d by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la s t p reviou s su rvey fo r
occupations re p o rte d in that e a r lie r study. P e rs o n a l v is its w e r e m ade
to nonrespondents and to those respondents rep o rtin g unusual changes
since the p revio u s su rvey.

T h e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t co m p o site, a rea w id e e s tim a tes.
In du stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
rela tion sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tab lish m en ts. O ther p o ssib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin estab lish ed rate ran ges, sin ce only the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a r e a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e
su rvey job d escrip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in these su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and a llo w fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

In each a re a , data a re obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e estab­
lish m en ts w ithin s ix broad indu stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tra n s ­
portation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h o le s a le tra d e;
re ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies a re govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the constru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries. E stablishm ents
having fe w e r than a p re s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re om itted because
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t inclu sion. Separate tabulations a re p ro v id e d fo r each o f the
broad industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r it e r ia .
T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the u nnecessary cost in vo lved in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um accu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p rop ortion o f
la r g e than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establishm ents a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes based on the establishm ents studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as re la tin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those below the m inim um s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts w ith in the scope o f the study and not the number actu ally
su rveyed . B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tablish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e r v e only to in dicate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations s e lected fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es:
( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (4) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tion s d esign ed to take account o f in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arnings data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because e ith e r ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establishm ent data.




E stablishm ent P r a c t ic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
Tabulations on se le c te d establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supple­
m en tary w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s ta b les) a re not p resen ted in this
bu lletin .
In form ation fo r these tabulations is c o lle c te d b ien n ially in
this a rea .
T h ese tabulations on m inim um entrance s a la rie s
fo r
in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled
w e e k ly hours; paid h olid ays; paid vacation s; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; a re p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) in p reviou s
bulletins fo r this a re a .

1




Table

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in New ark and Jersey City, N. J.
by m ajor industry division, 2 F e b ru a ry 1965

M inim um
em p lo ym en t
in e s ta b lis h ­
m en ts in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n

N um ber of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin scope
o f stu dy 3

W o rk e rs in e s ta b lis h m e n ts
W ithin scope
o f stu dy *

Studied

Studied

----

.

1, 242

276

4 3 3 ,2 0 0

23 9, 86 0

M an u fa ctu rin g ---- —
------- ------------ — _ N onm anufacturing-------- — --------------- _
-------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and
o th e r public u t ilitie s 5_________________________________
W h o le sa le t r a d e _____ ___________ ____________________ __
R e ta il t r a d e — — — - —
—
------F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s ta te — - _
____ ___
S e r v ic e s 6 ---_
—
—
_ _ _ _ _

100

581

122

, -

661

15 4

24 7 , 100
186, 100

1 2 2 , 97 0
116 , 890

100

82

50

210

100

74
1 17
1 78

27
39
24
28
36

A ll d iv is io n s — __ -

__

__

—

_

—

50
50

53,
24,
35,
35,
38,

90 0
100
100
000
000

43 ,
7,
24,
20,
21 ,

280
500
230
580
300

1 The N ew ark and Jersey City Standard M etropolitan Statistical A re as consist of E ssex , Hudson, M o rris , and Union Counties. The "w ork ers
within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included
in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the a re a to m easure
employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the a rea) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep a ir service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes a ll w orkers in a ll establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 T axicabs and services incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded.
6 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile rep a ir shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding
religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ic e s.

Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly sa la rie s and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups
in New ark and Jersey City, N.J., F e b ru a ry 1965 and F eb ru ary 1964,
and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(F e b ru a ry 1961*100)

Industry and occupational group
F e b ru a ry 1965

A ll industries:
Office c le ric a l (m en and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en )-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )------------------------Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w o m e n )------Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en )-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )-------------------------

112.4
117.3
112.5
113.0

109.3
113.6
109.6
109.0

112.3
116.2

109.1
113.0
109.4
108.7

112.1
111.6

Percents of increase

F e b ru a ry 1964
to
F e b ru a ry 1964
F e b ru a ry 1965

F e b ru a ry 1963
to
F e b ru a ry 1964

3.2

1.8
2.8

2.6

3.7

3.7

2.9

2.8

2.8

2.4
2.7

F e bru a ry 1962
to
F e bru a ry 1963

3.1
6.0

F e bru a ry 1961
to
F e b ru a ry 1962

4.2
4.2
2.6

2.8

3.1
4.0

2.3
1.9
4.0
3.6

3.0
7.0
2.9
3.3

3.5
3.6
2.3

1.9

1.6

F ebru ary I960
to
F e bru a ry 1961

2.8

3.8
3.4
4.2

2.8

4.3
3.5
4.4

3
W a g e T ren d s for Selected O cc u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta g es o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings of se le c te d plant w o rk e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses, the p e r ­
centages of change re la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m easu re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly e a rn in g s , excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and late sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r se le c te d k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portan t job s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 jobs: B ookkeepin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
class A and B; c le r k s , file , cla ss A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p era to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten o gra p h ers, ge n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p e ra to rs ; tabu latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
class B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en in d u strial n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k illed m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled job s a re included in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tric ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; p ain ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te ria l handling.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings w e r e
computed fo r each o f the se le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
or h ou rly earnings w e re then m u ltip lied by em ploym en t in each of
the jobs during the p erio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individu al occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu pational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen tage)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r was com puted and the d iffe re n c e betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta ge of change fro m the one p erio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltip lyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change m ea su re, p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it or other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individu al w o rk e rs w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the labor fo rc e
resu ltin g fr o m lab or tu rn o ver, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the prop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the lab or fo rc e can cause
in c re a s e s or d e c re a s e s in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exam p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w er
the a v e r a g e , w h erea s a redu ction in the p rop ortion of lo w er paid
w o rk e rs w ould have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem ent of
a h igh-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to d rop , even though no change in rates o ccu rred in other
establish m en ts in the a rea .
The use of constant em ploym en t w eights elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta ges of change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data presen ted in table 2 and the A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere applicable, the recen tly negotiated pay
in c re a s e s of the International A ss o c ia tio n o f M achinists
and A e ro s p a c e W o rk ers and the United S te e lw o rk e rs of
A m e r ic a in som e m anufacturing establish m en ts. The M a ­
ch in ists' in c re a s e was m ade r e tro a c tiv e to D ecem b er 1,
1964, and the S te e lw o rk e rs ' in crea se to O ctob er 1, 1964.

4
A.

Occupational Earnings

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p atio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N . J. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of wo rkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

Sex, occupation, and industry division

40
and
under

Mean2

(standard)

45

45

50

-

-

50

55

55

60

65

70

-

75

80

86

60

65

70

75

90
_

80

85

90

96

95

100

_

105
_

100105

110

t

$

S

115

120

130

140

150

160

120

130

140

150

160

over

_
110

115

37
19
18

55
13
42
1
32

MEN

$

$
CLERKS,

A CCO UNTING,

CLASS

A

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O NM ANUFACTURING
PU BLIC

----------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-----------

W HOLESALE

T R A D E --------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------S ER V IC ES
CLERKS,

------------------------------

ACCO UN TIN G ,

CLASS

B

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5
38.0
36.5
39.0

235

38.5
97.00
39.5 101.50
95.00
38.0

99.50
102.50
90.50
72.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------NONM ANUFACTURING

110.00 110.00
1 11.00 1 1 1 . 00
109.50 109.50
108.00 106.00
113.50 113.00
97.00
94.00
116.50 112.50

413
151
242
28
109
65
60

----------------

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

CLASS

------------------------

53

38.0

73.00

CLERKS,

ORCER

------------------------------------------

37.5
37.0
39.0
39.0

102.00

T R A O E --------------------------

213
116
97
90

-----------------------------------------------

66

37.5

-----------------------------------------------

513
231
282
55
67
119

38.0
38.5
37.5
38.0
37.0
37.0

B

102.00
100.00 1 0 2 . 0 0

$
$
94.5097.0093.5098.5099.0091.0093.00-

125.00
123.50
125.50
119.00
131.00
109.50
137.00

74.0090.007 0.00-

119.50
111.00
128.00

47
7
17
76

32

21

l

32

37
20
17
8
7

2

77

13

2

20
4
8
1
7

89.5085.0094.0094.00-

116.50
113.00
119.00
119.50

105.50

107.50

97.00-

64.00
63.50
64.50
73.00
61.00
63.00

63.00
64.00
62.50
74.00
61.50
61.50

56.5056.0056.505 5 .0 0 56.005 7 .5 0 -

310
148
162
118

38.5 1 12.00
39.0 114.00
37.5 110.50
37.5 106.50

112.00
114.00
111.50
110.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

378
167

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

211

38.0
39.0
37.0
37.5
37.0
37.0

98.50
98.00
98.50
113.00
100.50
91.00

99.50
96.50
100.50
112.50
103.50
96.00

38.0
39.0
37.5
36.5

78.50
83.00
76.00
75.00

79.00
83.00
75.00
75.50

70.0080.5068.0068.50-

84.50
86.50
83.00
80.50

38.0
37.5
38.5
39.0

80.00
80.00
79.50
84.00

82.00
83.00
75.00
82.00

7 1 .0 0 73.006 9 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

88.50
88.00
96.00
96.50

W HOLESALE

CLERKS,
O FFICE

PAYROLL
BOYS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-----------------------------

-----------------------------------

NONM ANUFACTURING
PU BLIC

-----------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

W HOLESALE

T R A O E --------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------T A B U L A T I N G —M A C H I N E
CLASS

A

20

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------F I N A N C E 4------------------------------------------------

CLASS

B

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

W HOLESALE

T R A O E --------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------TA EU LATIN C -M AC FIN E

31

81
86

167
55

N C N VAN UFAC TLRIN G

----------------------------

112

F I N A N C E 4 --------------------------------------------

50

C

17

1"

10
10
10

48
14

89
75
64

27

12

6

10

2)

42
38

7

-----------------------------------------------------

M ACHINE

193

111

NO NM ANUFACTURING
PU BLIC

----------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 ------------------------

See fo o tn o tes at end of ta b le ,




10

16
13
3

35
15
20

20

1

6
18

1

13

13
13

100.50-1 19 .00
100.00121.50
102. 0 0 116.00
9 7 . 00 -1 14 .00

29
24
18
17

88.00-

109.50

8 8 .0 0 -

1 1 0 .0 0

37

11

8 7 . 5 0 - 109.50
105.00-126.50
94.50113.00
79.50102.00

71
16

10

21
2

5

15

2?

19

77
14

17

14
7

45
14
31
1

12

16

J6

20

73
15

41
30

11

11
6
5

(B ILLIN G

---------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

M ACHINE)

11

22
22

11

WOMEN
B ILLER S ,

40
18

12

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

CLASS

1
5

19
3
16

21
14
7
5

63
12
51
44

28
70

35
15
20

31

21
7

2

36
14

22
16

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------

PU BL IC

70.50
71.00
70.00
90.50
66.50
68.00

12

12

82

39

19

6
13

1

14

10

10

1?
71

14

34
75
15

10

57
19
38
5
12

20

34
13

15
3

12
19
8

10
4
6

2
22

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C FIN E

12

17

120.00

NO NM ANUFACTURING

5

2

43
13
30

6 2 . 5 0 - 86.00

104.50 102.50
104.50 102.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------

11

29
3
10
4

21

13

11

25
5

19
15
4
1

3
3

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea bas:
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b ru a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Num be r of w o rk e rs
$

S

$

$

S

$

$

$

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s o f—

$

o c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n
workers

WOMEN -

weekly
hours1
(standard]

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

09

95

ICO

105

n o

1 15

1 20

130

140

45

Sex,

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1 05

110

115

120

130

14 0

150

-

-

22

13
9
4

22
3
19

18

25
13
12

1
-

16
5

21
20

4
4

4
-

9

6
12

8

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

1

11

1

~

4

1

~

~

1

~

26
-

23
4
19

33
19

69
34
35

53
31

7

22
18
4

3

5

_

_

2
3

2
1
1

_

2
l

-

-

-

14

“

~

~

89
16
74

83
50

41
10

5
-

11
5

1

5

23
10

31
17
7

6
6
-

1
-

33

21
17
4

33
37

28
11
17
17

55

80

4
51

43
37
32

94
40
54
53

87
40
43
77

98
74
24

78
59
19

44
38
6

1

51
34
17
9

37
26

11

96
81
15
4

"

1

“

122

54

79

56

27

14

_

66
54

77
77

16
3

7
20
3

13

6
3
6

22
34
1

20

21
73
15

42
37
20

6
3

2
12
3
4
-

1
1
-

_

70

7
4
3
-

-

-

1
1
-

40
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

CONTINUED

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H IN E ) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

$
7 2.00
75 .0 0

$
7Q.50
7 4.50
6 7.00

$
6 1 .0 06 1 .0 0 -

$
8 5 .0 0
8 8 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 -

76.00

8 0.50
8 5.00
77.50

82 .0 0
85 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 8 0 .5 0 6 8 .0 0-

87.50
8 9.50
85 .0 0

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
-

“

2

22
l
21

26

3 8.0
3 8.5
3 8.0
38.0
3 7.5

7 3 .0 0
8 2.00
6 9 .5 0
81.00
6 4.50

7 1.00
8 0.00
67 .0 0
7 9.00
63 .5 0

6 3 .0 07 5 .5 0 6 1 .5 0 -

8 1 .0 0
92 .5 0
75 .0 0
91 .5 0
68.50

-

18
-

65
-

129
3

24

-

18
-

65

126
-

66
-

-

15

98

59

792
456
336
225

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.5

9 7.00
102.00
9 0.00
8 3.50

97 .0 0
101.50
8 8.00

.0 0 - 107.50
.5 0 - 110.00
.5 0 - 99.50
.0 0 - 89.50

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

83 .5 0

8
9
7
7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE T R A D E ------------R ETAIL T R A D E -----------------FINANCE4-------------------------SERVICES ------------------------

1,1 6 9

37.5

49 3
676
85

3 8.5
37.0
36 .5

7 8 .5 0
81 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 4 .0 0 -

7 5.50
87 .0 0

6 7 . DO8 1 .50-

88.00
88 .5 0
8 7.00
9 6 .5 0

146
160
50

38.5
36.5
3 9.5

79 .5 0
8 1.50
7 7.50
8 8.50
77 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
68 .0 0

7 4.50
7 4.00
69 .5 0

7 0 .5 06 4 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 -

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------FINANCE4--------------------------

22 9
59
170
104

3 8.5
39.0
38 .0
3 7.5

8 0 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
7 7.50
70.50

7 5.00
8 7.00
7 2.50
68.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------F (NANCE 4-------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,C IC
1 41
869
712
112

38 .0
38.5
37.5
37.5
38.5

6 4.00
7 1.00
62 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 8.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -----------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------FINAN CE4---------------------------

459
202
257
27

38.0
38.5
37.5
36.5

138

3 7.0

64 .0 0
69.00
60 .0 0
6 6.00
6 0.00

5 9.50
68 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------

440
193
247

3 7.0
37.5
37.0

7 7.50
82 .0 0
7 4.00

74.00
8 1.00
7 2.50

133
66

3 7.5
38 .0

79.00

7 6.00

7 0 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------FINANCE4--------------------------

663
429

38.0
38.5

234
29

38.0
36.5

62

37.5

156
78

3 8.5

78

37.5
39 .5

68 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

267
1 12
155

3 6.5
36.5
3 6 .0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------NCKMANUFACTURING --------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------FINANCE4--------------------------

643
179
464
104
274

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------FINANCE4--------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.




7 8.50

7 3 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 6
3
8
6

~

_

_
-

10
12

2
52

22

45

15
111
-

33
69
-

196
81

5
l
17

23
37

47
27

1

3
12
8

172
84
88
15
10

7

14

39
2
37

41
7
34

77
8
19

“

“

-

31

29

34
4
30
23

17

-

1
1
-

13

3
9
3

34
-

84
6
78

276

190
26
1 64
1 42
20

55
72
33
! 9
15

61

19

2?
39
73
8

6
13
17

53
79

60

77
47
30

5
46

c
.

h

7?
13
4
-

12

3
84

28
14
14

33

74
71
17
17
1

_
■

_
-

11

_

_

-

-

26
16

2
1
l

ll

3

51

7

7?

1

-

-

11
-

30
7

11
-

23
-

8 4.50
85 .0 0
7 7.00

-

-

2
9

-

“

6 7 .0 0 7 5 .5 06 6 .0 06 4 .0 0-

92 .0 0
9 8.00
8 4.50
7 4.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

62.50
71.00
62 .0 0
61.00
67 .0 0

5 8 .0 06 4 .0 05 7 .5 05 7 .0 06 1 . GO-

68 .5 0
79.00
67 .0 0
6 5.50
76.00

6 3.50
68 .5 0

5
6
5
6
5

7 .502 .5 06 .0 01 . DO6 .50-

7 0.50
7 7.50
6 5.00
7 4.00

-

6 4 .0 0
89 .5 0
97 .0 0

71.50

6 6 . GO6 7 .C O 6 5 .006 9 .5 05 8 .5 0-

9 2.00
94 .0 0

93.50
9 6.00

8 0 . DO- 103.50
8 3 .0 0 - 104.00

88 .0 0
82.00

8 9.50
75.00

8 9.50

9 1 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 - 102.00
7 1 .0 0 - 102.50
7 9 .0 0 - 9 4 .5 0

8 7.00
8 9.50
74.50

23

24

-

_

34
32

238
13
225
220

-

52
24

9
-

42
-

9
-

42
3

1 20
37
83
3

~

9

13

47

_

_

53

-

-

5
-

_

24
1

24

1 0?

-

_

_

24
-

126

*

-

90

2?

“

"

4

-

-

-

5

16
16
9

_

2

-

2
-

~

_

90
30

6
52
8

-

_

222
24

39
39
4
-

5
-

-

22
254

7
~

39
28
2

115
-

24

17
67
28
78

12
7

1 7?
19?

4
7

11
10

~

2

“

19
19

21
l l
10

12
2
10

7
5
2

-

l

l

~

71
14

79
5

1

1

-

15
4

10
5
5

_

7
6
2

-

1

1

-

3

4

70
74
4
4

14
13

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

74
7 7

48
16
33
? 7

13
9
4

5
5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

35

30
14

39
18

46
7 7

49

22
13
3

16
?

2!
19

74
4

13
-

5

6

6

4

34

14
17
1
1

2
-

-

3
3

6

1
-

_

1

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

2
4
2

1
1

73
14
1
17

21
19

17
11

2
-

6
4

1
3
-

4

-

1

2

2

1

-

-

IC 8
80
78

60

19

14

15

37
23

3

1
10

11
3
2

10
4
2

17
2
-

~

”

7

7

61
76
26

89

65

4 0

53

77

12
-

1

1

7

77

4

15
4
11
10

~

~

13
8

11

5
-

11
-

2

“

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b ru a ry 1965)
N um ber of w o rk e rs

Sex,

o c c u p a tio n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

40
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S

$

$

t

45

50

$

S
55

60

$
65

70

r e c e iv in g

%

$
75

s t r a ig h t- tim e
*

%
« 0

85

90

w e e k ly e a r n in g s
$

%

$
95

100

105

o f—
$

$
n o

$
1 15

$

$
120

130

$
14 0

$
150

and

45

WOME N

-

A

---------------

13
10

12
7

4

7
2

2
2

3
2

5

2

3
-

14
-

97
40

66
78

13
2

122
86
36
-

227
1 69

14
-

21
4
17
-

33
20

3
-

58

27

2

11

10

2

28

3
31

2
19

38
7
29

22
7
15

HR
27
91

173

128
56

63

80

60

59

1 76
61

2
-

28
10
51

114
43

11 5
40

1?
4

11
55

40
23
7
5

25
56
73

11
55

72
03
9
29

8

7?

3
3

43
43

13
4
9

9

1

1
8

1

76
36
40
4

129
56

2 25

12
2
43

7 3.50

6 7 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 6 9 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 -

8 3.50
86.00
80.50
85.50
95 .5 0
7 6.00

5 9 .0 05 7 .5C5 9 .5 0-

70.50
6 8 .0 0
7 2.00

93 .5 0-1 1 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 6 .5 0
9 2 .50-114.50
9 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
92 .0 0-1 1 2 .5 0
8 8 .00-117.50
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

_

-

-

-

7 4 .5 0 -

91 .5 0

_

_

7 6 .0 0 7 3 .0 0-

9 2.00
9 1.50

75.50
84.50

7
7
6
7

99 .0 0
93 .0 0
82.00
9 4.50

-

-

9 3.00
94 .0 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 - 9 9.50

9 1.00
9 2.50

8 2 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

87.00
96 .0 0

7 8 .0 0 - 9 4.50
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

8 3.50
86 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 7 7 .5 0 -

8 0.00
70.50

279
74
205

38.0
3 8.5
3 8.0

6 5.60
6 3.50
6 6 .5 0

6 4.00
6 5.00
63.50

4,6 6 0
2,4 5 8
2,202
353
3 96
1 03
721
629

38.5
39.0
37.5
37.0
38 . 0
38.5
3 7.0
3 8.5

104.50
105.50
103.50
110.50
103.00
99 .5 0

104.50
105.50
103.00
112.50
100.00
103.50

97 .0 0
107.50

98 .0 0
106.50

2 ,2 8 7
1 ,079
1,208
275

38 .0
39 .0
37.0

8 2.50
8 4.00
8 1.50

8 1.50
8 2 . 50
8 1.00

37.0
38.5
37.0
37 .0

8 6.00

8 7 .0 0
8 2.50

3 8.5

92.00

38.5
37.5

9 3.00
90 .5 0

3 8.5
36.5
38.0

9 3.50
86.00
92 .0 0

38.5
38.0

8 3.00
85 .0 0
8 2.00

G I R L S -------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------T R A D E -------------------------------

TRADE

--------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------GENERAL

---------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------TRADE

-------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------------------------------S E N I O R -----------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

15 8
409
345
1,0 3 2
7 04

---------------------------------

328

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------

46
144

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------

96

NCNM ANUFACTURING

O P E R A T O R S -------------------------------

627

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

194
433

NCNM ANUFACTURING

----------------------------------

82 .5 0
7 4.00
8 6.00

1 04
71

39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

T R A D E --------------------------------------

81

39.5

7 4.00

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------

121
56

37 .0

7 7.00

40.5

72.50

U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------T R A D E -------------------------------

S E R V I C E S ------------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table,




9 8 .5 0
8 3.50

7 8 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
9 2.00

3 7.5
37.0

RETAIL

28
24

7 7 .5 0 -

232

---------------

U T I L I T I P S 3 -----------------------------

W HOLESALE

7
7

~

8 3.50

T R A D E -------------------------------

PU BLIC

_

_

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------

B

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

SW ITCH BO AR D

2

-

7 6.50
72.50
74 .0 0
78.50
7 0.00

CLASS

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------

PU BLIC

5

1
19

58
28
30
-

_

7 5.50
7 7.00
74.50
76 .6 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

61
41
70

5

49
25
24
3
16

-

3 7.5
38.5
36.5
36.0

CLASS

885
34 0
545
206
75

OPERATORS,

W HOLESALE

85
5?
22

~

43
29
23
3
16

70
63
27
7

“

22
5
17
6
9

-

62
150

PU BL IC

8
3
5
-

15
9

5
-

-

U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

----------------------------------

F I N A N C E -------------------------------------------------

S ER V IC ES

5
-

95.00
94 .5 0

87 .0 0
8 7 . 5C
103.00
83 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

-

8 0 .0 0 8 0 .5 0-

38.5
3 9.0
3 7.5
36.0
3 7.0

R ETAIL

-

8 4.50
84 .0 0
8 6.00
102.50

294

W HOLESALE

100

8 7 .0 0

780
486

OPERATORS,

PU BLIC

95

1 05

n o

over

115

1 20

1 30

140

15 0

160

6
-

It

1
13

6

31
11
20
5
L3

21
l
20
4

21
16
5

6
2
4

-

-

-

-

3

6
3
3
l

-

-

-

-

-

l
2

-

11

-

_

_

7

13

13

l

_

_

_

3
4
4

2
11
3

2
11

l
-

-

-

-

11

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

4
3

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

2
1
1
-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

OPERATORS

D I T T O ) ---------------------------

NCNM ANUFACTURING

S ECRETARIES

90

_

- - -----------------------------

--------------------------------------

D UPLICATIN G -M ACH IN E

O FF ICF

R5

74.00
67.00

NCNM ANUFACTURING

TRACE

W HOLESALE

80

5 7 .5 0 56. 5 0 -

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------------------

R ETAIL

PU BL IC

75

6 2.50
59.50

3 8.0
3 7.6

----------------------------------

P U 0 L IC

KEYPUNCH

70

6 5.50
61 .5 0

83
57

-----------------------------

-----------------------------------------

NCNM ANUFACTURING

PU BLIC

65

8 4.00

$
85 .5 0
85 .0 0
8 6.00
9 2.50

KEYPUNCH

60

$
96 .5 0
94.50
9 8.50
0 8 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

$
86 .0 0
8 6.50
8 6.00
91.00
8 3.00

OR

55

$
7 7 .5 0 7 8 .0 07 6 .0 073 .0 0-1
7 3 .5 0 -

38 .0
38.5
37.0
36.0
37.5

OPERATORS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

(M IM EO G R APH

50

C O NTINUED

501
259
2 42
30
127

COMPTOMETER

160
and

under

8 1.50
100.00
8 1.50
7 3.50
74.50
69.00

0
5
9
8

.5 0 .5 0.0 0 .5 0-

9 5 .0 0
93 .5 0

7 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0

“
_

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

_

_
-

15
13
2

69

-

11
58

74
14

49
91

60

17

2
2
-

3
3
-

8
8
-

3?
12
20
-

2
-

1
2

6
2

1
17
7

1
2
27
6

1 16
17
99

1 35
57

3 12
145

429
233

78

36
6
57

31
5
36

167
29
25
75
36

1 96
13
29
91
54

30

1
-

-

9

-

-

4
-

29
-

4
-

29
-

4

21
8

~

11

20
8
12

33
2
31

3
9

23
B

5
3
2
-

5

1

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

5

1

-

1

-

-

-

~

-

-

433
19 1

392
224

16
19

742
41
43
5
1 04
49

168
74
15

36
14
72
7
14
-

35
5
30

8
2
6

12
-

1
1

48

501

7
61
13

8
73
38

76
81

13

484
246
238
28
64
5
96

53 7
2 59
278
39
57
7
87

642
4 05
237
27
21
13
80
96

45

88

1 82
90
92

91

85

1 05

278
10 3
176

65
26

36
49

40
23

3
2

42

12
13
54

21 1
130
81
23
16
3
12
27

15

7
-

29

20

6

18

4

3

90

169

147

18

1 71

99

47
34

44

64
26

2 15
166

119

6
24

176
87

48

13
5

4
13
9

22
7

24
9

21

-

11
23
14

47
3

49

l
18
5

43
6

36
8
6
-

19
9

1 04
28

87
33

56
77

84

53
76

54

34
-

39
45

13
-

2
2

5

2
2

6

-

4
-

10
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

10
49

10
-

_

12
-

77
20

4
-

_

10

1
-

13

15

2

3

42
-

1

42
-

76
-

-

12
-

-

11
-

12
-

l
22

17

27
7
8

-

-

-

8 2.00
8 2.50

-

-

6 8 .5 0 7 1 .0 0-

1
-

7

4

1
12

10
25

9

10
10

10
7

-

22

12

10

90 .0 0

-

12

-

4

21
8

41

5 8 .0 0-

2
6

-

-

2

11

1
6
10

73
46
3
9

13
4
4

18

30

4

78
25
53
35

67
10
57
49

6
4

3
-

5

2
1
-

3
2
1
-

3
2
1
-

1

-

-

6

-

2
-

10
-

~

2

87
42
45
6
9
3
77

-

1

6
5
l
-

_

-

_

2
-

-

-

-

-

*

1
l
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
3
-

18
9

1

-

458
266
1 97
39
21
16
24
9?

43
34

~

_

_

23
16
7
4

323
749
43
64

1 74
197

_

52
29
23
18
5

1 19
115
5
29

24 5
149

_

88
66
22
8
13

298
1 76
16 4
7
38

371

.

?1
27
63
78

-

-

_

73
5

7

2

-

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d ivisio n , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N. J. , F e b ru a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
40

Mean2

Median 2

$

%

Middle range 2

under

45

$
50

$

$
55

60

$

%

65

70

$
75

*

%

80

85

$

s
90

95

$
ICO

$

$
115

120

%

130

t

140

150

160
and

140

150

160

115

120

130

28
18
10

6

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

3
7

4

-

-

~

~

~

-

~
20

6

7

8

5

1

-

_

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

-

-

14
14
7
5

34
27
7
2

80
58
27
7
15

152
8?
70
14
70
18

1 58
77
81
1?
53
1

150
80
70
23
06
4

77
40
37
7
11
17

63
39
24
7
17
“

24
17
7
1
6

-

-

4

31

n o

over

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1
3-------------------2
WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------S E R V IC E S -------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS A ----------------------------------------

783
442
341
64
160
68

3 8 .0
38.0
38.0
39.0
3 8.0
37.0

$
83.00
8 3.00
83.50
8 5.50
8 4 .0 0
82.00

$
8 3 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
8 3.50
8 6.50
8 4.50
78.50

$
7 7 .0 0 7 6 . SO­
T S .0 08 1 .0 0 8 0 .5 0 7 3 .5 0 -

$
9 0.00
9 1 .0 0
89.50
9 0.00
8 9.50
9 3 .0 0

~

-

82

3 9 .0

104.50

101 .5 0

9 7 . SO­

1 1 1 .0 0

*

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

.

_

.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

_

MANUFACTURING----------------------------

62
51

38.5
38.5

9 7 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

99.50
9 8.50

B S .0 0- 105.00
8 8 .0 0 - 104.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------

370
136
234
174

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
37.5
37.5

73.50
7 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

72.00
74.50
7 0.00
7 0 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 5 . GO66. GO-

8 1.00
83j.OO
7 9.50
78.50

-

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------FINANCE4 ---------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------

1*141
622
519
60
106
209
141

38.5
39.5
3 8.0
38.5
38.5
37.0
38.5

8 0.50
8 3.00
7 8.00
82.50
76.50
7 3.00
8 5 .0 0

8 1.50
8 3 .0 0
76.50
7 4.00
75.50
7 2 .0 0
84.00

7 3 . 507 9 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 6 9 . GO6 8 . 0 06 8 .0 0 8 0 .0 0 -

86.50
87.50
84.50
9 1 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 7.00
95.00

T YPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NCNMANUF ACT UR I N G ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3---------- :
--------WHOLESALE T R A D E --------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------F [NANCE4---------------------------------SERVICES --------------------------------

3 ,4 26
1,352
2 ,0 74
204
263
106
1,361
140

38.0
38.5
37.5
3 8 .0
38.0
39.0
3 7.0
36.5

6 8 .5 0
7 3.00
6 5 .5 0
76.50
6 3.50
6 7.00
6 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

6 8.00
7 2.50
6 4.50
7 5.50
6 2 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
63.00
7 0.00

6 1 .5 0 6 7 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 6 7 . GO56. 506 2 .5 0 5 7 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

74.50
7 9.00
7 1.00
8 6.50
6 8 .5 0
7 4.50
6 9 .0 0
7 7.00

1
2
the rate
3
4

n o

“

45

WOMEN -

$

S
105

-

~

_

_

1
1

6
4

2
1

12
11

1
l

11
11

47
2
45
27

93
34
59
50

68
38
30
78

49
21
28
27

33
13
20
70

73
18
5
1

37
4
78
10

9
6
3
3

58
19
39
16
22
“

91
72
69
18
5
46
-

169
50
119
15
22
78
4

141
71
70
17
71
32

348
760
88
1
18
71
46

129
96
33
10
15
9

96
67
34
6

45
15
30
1
1
28

22

2
2
36 7
73
294
62
7
218
7

572
107
465
37
50
35
339
4

742
3?6
416
37
52
17
263
57

594
317
277
28
7?
71
177
34

354
718
1 36
43
6
12
68
7

196
146
50
9
6
8
18
9

1 16
65
51
18
11

89
44
39
79
1
9

24
13
11
1
1
9

30
14
16
7
4

-

6

10
10

6

2

_
~

_
-

10
10
8
2

15
15
15

2
2
2

-

6

~

311
10
301
48
3
244
6

2
-

7

13
7

11

17

15
11

_

17
5
1
1
3

2
4

~

_

_

~

”

_

_

-

~

2
2

2
“

~

3
3

1

6
_

_

_

_

_

_

16
5
11
5
5
i

7
3
4
1
1
2

7
2
5
2
3
-

_
-

-

"

7
1
1

18
18

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

5

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than
shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

75
2

Median

Middle range

%
BO

£

I
85

£
90

i
o s

£
IC O

£

105

£

110

$

1 )5

£

£

l? o

£
~

130

£

135

$

140

f

150

145

and
under
80

and
85

11 ,Q

115

120

125

1 QQ

135

7 H

7 3

19
9

2 5

3 8
3 1
7

1 3
Q

33
3?

1Q

4

19

90

95

100

1 Q5

4
3

??
19

27
?4
3

14C

145

150

li
1C

li
9

l

2

12
10
2

over

2
2
-

WOMEN

$
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

269
217
52

39.0
39.5
38.0

$

1 1 2 .0 0

111.50

1 1 1 .5 0

11 1.00

113.50

114.00

$

$

100.00124.00
99 .0 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
103.00124.00

4
4

1

3

4

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .

Data were not
descriptions, which
It was not feasible
for draftsmen and

collected for draftsmen and tracers due to the revision of occupational
were revised to facilitate improved classification.
(See appendix A.)
to collect earnings data by mail the first year; however, earnings data
tracers will be collected by personal visit and published next year.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Averag e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Fe br ua ry 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES2--------------------------

229
113
116
73

38.0
37.5
38.5
39.0

$
82.00
8 0 . On
84.1
89.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------------

156
78
78

38.5
37.5
39.5

72.00
75.00
68.50

267
112
155

36.5
36.5
36.0

80.50
85.00
77.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------- —
-------------------- — -----------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------------------

NCNMANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f tab le.




Average

Occupation and industry division

-

Number
of

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE-----------------RETAIL TRADE-----------------------F INANCE3---------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES1
2---------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------FINANCE3---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

672

202
470
109
55
274
1,205
607
598
49
135
290
104

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

$
73.50
82.00
69.50
80.50
64.00
64.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRA DE---------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------------------F INANCE3------------------------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------

1 ,404
56?
842
133
147
209
58

38.0
39.0
37.0
36.5
38.5
36.5
39.5

k s o

38.0 101.50
38.5 104.00
98.50
37.5
37.0 108.00
38.0 114.00
86.50
37.0
38.0 110.00

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------F INANCE3-------------------------------------------------------

262
59
203
122

38.5
39.0
38.0
37.5

80.50
87.00
78.50
70.50

38.0
38.5
38.0
38.0
40.0
37.5

84.00
81.00
84.50
77.50
77.50
69.50

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined----Continued
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e rs e y C ity , N .J ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Average

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS

CLERKS,

FILE,

-----------------------------------------------CLASS

C

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

- CONTINUEC

CLERKS*
FILE,
C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------F [ N A N C E 3--------------------------------------------------SERVICES

Number
of
workers

Average

O FFIC E OCCUPATIONS
1 ,063
1 72
8 91
720
116

----------------------------

472

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

20 2
270
27
1 49

3 8.0
3 9.0
37.5
37.5
38.5
38.0
38.5

$
6 4.00
7 2.00
6 2.50
6 1 .0 0
68 .5 0
6 4.00
69 .0 0
6 0.00
6 6 .0 0

Number
of

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekly
earnings 1
( standard)

792
3 05
A87

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
W H O L E S A L E T RA CE F I N A N C E 3----------------------

76
67
1 93
1 23

-------------------

SECR ETAR I E S ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

A , 698
2 , A 88

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P UB L IC UT I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------------------------------------

2,2 1 0

38.0
38.5
37.5
37.5
37 .0
37.0
38.5

$
64 .5 0

CLERKS,

O RD E R

------------------------------------------------

M A N UF A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------------

CLERKS,

PAYR OLL

653
309
344
223
68

---------------------------------

729

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U B L IC UT IL I T IE S 2-----------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE --------------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------

468
261
34
64
68

COMP TOME TE R O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N UF A CT U R I N G ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U BL IC
R E T A IL

UT I L I T I E S 2-----------------T R A O F ----------------------------

3 7.5
36.5
37.0

60 .0 0

37.5

85 .5 0

3 7.0
37.5
38. C
38.0

88 .5 0
82 .5 0
8 9 .0 0

93 .0 0

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------------------------------------

176
129

37.5

$
110.50
111.00
110.00

3 7.5

106.50

66 .5 0

TA EULATING -M AC H INE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B -----------------------------------------------------------------M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N CN M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T RA DE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3-------------------------------------------------------

AO 1
1C3
721
6?9

38.5
37.0
38.5

99.50
9 7.00
107.50

2 , 3 OA
1 , C 83

38.0
39.0

83.00

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------P U B L IC UT IL I T I E S 2W H O L E S A L E T R A O E ----F I N A N C E 3 -------------------------

1 ,2 2 1

37.5
37 .0
38.5

3 7.5
3 7.0
38.5

8 9 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
93.00

3 7.5

90 .5 0

502
259

38 .0
3 8.5

8 6.00
8 6.50

243
31
127

3 7.0
3 6.5
37.5

8 6.00
91 .5 0
8 3.00

103
67

38.5
37.5

7 0 .0 0
66 .5 0

95 .0 0

288
158
A 09
3 A5

S E R V I C E S ----------------------STENOGRAPHERS,
SEN I CR M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------NCN MAN UF ACT UR IN G —
P U B L I C UT IL I T I E S 2F I N A N C E 3----------------------SERVICES

1 , C3 7
709

111.n o
103.00

8 4.00
8 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

37.0
37.0

7 4.00
8 6.00

38.5
38.5

9 2.50
9 3 .0 0

328
A6
1AA

37.5
38.8

90 .5 0
93 .5 0

36.5

8 6 .0 0

96

38.0

9 2.00

627
19 A

121

38.5
3 8.0
39 .0
40 .0
3 8.5
39.5
37.0

8 3.00
85 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
83 .5 0
7 4.00
7 7.00

56

4 0 .5

72.50
83 .0 0
8 3.00

--------------------

CONTINUED

OPERATORS,
38.5
3 9.0

104.50
105.50
103.50

S E R V I C E S ----------------------------------------------------

T ABUL AT INC— MA CHINE O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S C ----------------------------------------------------------------M A NU F AC TU R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------------TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N CN M AN U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------------T YPISTS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M A N U F AC TU R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T L R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE ----------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------

CUP L I C A T I N C - M A C H I N F O P E R A T O R S
( M IM E CC R AP H OR 0 IT TO ) ---------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

SW IT CH BOARD O P E R A T O R S ----m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------N CN M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----RETAIL
T R A D E ------------F I N A N C E 3 ------------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------

KEYPUNCH O P ER AT O R S , C LA S S A —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------F I N A N C E 3-----------------------------------------

7 83
4 86
297
65

38.5
39 .0
37.5
36.5

1 50

37.0

8 7.00
87.00
87 .5 0
103.00
83 .0 0

KE YP UNC H O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------

888

37.5

75.50

342
546

7 7.00

P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------W H O L E S A L E TRAOE ---------------------

2 06

38.5
36.5
36 .0

75

3 7.5

8 0.00

WHOLESALE

F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------

233

37.0

7 0 . 5C

1
2
3

7 4.50
7 6.50

783

38.0

AA 2
3A1
6A

38. C
38 .0
39.0

T R A D E -----------------------------------

16C

S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------

68

38.0
3 7 .0

SW I T C H e o A R C O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A NU F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------PUBLIC

S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s .
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e .




A33
1 OA
71
81

U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------------

t h e ir

r e g u la r

s tr a ig h t- tim e

s a la r ie s

and th e

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

392
216

38.0
39.0
37.5
37. 0
3 8.0

351

TAeULA TING -M ACH INE

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

71 .0 0

38.0
38.5

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woriters

6 3.50
65 .0 0
7 2.50
6 1.00
62.5 n

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G EN E R A L V A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------F I N A M C E 3 ---------------------------------------------------

Average

O FFICE OCCUPATIONS -

- CONTINUEC

O F F I C E B OYS AND G I R L S M A NU F A C T U R I N G -----------NC NM AN UFA CT UR IN G —

SERVICES

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

83 .5 0
8 5.50
84 .0 0
8 2.00

e a r n in g s

TYPISTS,

C L A S S B --------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ------------------------------------------F I N A N C E 3------------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S -----------------------------------------------------

38.0

9 8.00
98 .0 0
98 .5 0
113.00

82
95

39.0
37.0
37.5
37.0
37.0

416
1 02
314

37.0
38.5
3 6.0

69

36.5

76.00
83.00
73.50
7 5.00

3 74

38.0
3 8.0
3 7.5
37.5

440
218
222
31

1 40
234
1 74
1,154

3 8.5

62 8
52 6

39.5
38.0

62

38.5

111
209
1 41

38.5
37.0
38.5

3 ,442
1,361

3 8.0
38.5

2 , C81
208

3 7.5
38.0
38.0
39.0
3 7 .C
36.5

264
106
1,363
140

101.00
9 1 .5 0

73.50
76.00
72.50
72 .0 0
8 1.00
8 3.00
78.50
8 3.50
7 8.00
73.00
85.00
68 .5 0
7 3.00
6 5.50
7 5.50
63 .5 0
6 7.00
6 3.00
71.50

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
NURSES,
I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ------M AN UF AC TU R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T L R I N C --------------------------------------

c o rre s p o n d

to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .

272
220

39.0
39.5

112.00
111.50

52

38.0

113.50

10
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in du stry d iv is io n , N ew a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Hourly earnings *
1

N um ber of w o rk e rs
S

a n d in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

Median 2

Middle range2

$
2.20

$
2 .30

%
2 .4 0

2.20

2.30

2.4 0

2.5 0

-

-

2 .00

TTnH
Mean2

$
2 .10

2 .10

O c c u p a t io n

Number
of
workers

*
2 .00

r e c e iv in g

2.5 0

%
2.. 70

$
7 . 80

*
7 .9 0

S
3 .0 0

*
3. ]o

2. 60

2 . 70

2,. 80

7 . 90

3 .00

3.1 0

3.70

29

59
30

33
33

51
43

29

-

30

75
59
16

$
3 .24
3.21
3.33

$
3 .1 7
3.2 3
2.88

$
2 .8 8 2 .9 8 2 .7 8 -

$
3.54
3.54
3.7 2

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IES 4--------------------

1 ,C49
871
178

3 .43
3 .40
3.60

3.36
3 .35

3 .1 7 3 .1 8 3 .1 4 -

3.57
3 .54
3.95

80

3 .70

3.7 2
3.93

3 .1 8 -

3.97

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES4--------------------

633
442
191
74

3.55
3.53
3 .60
3.35

3.5 1
3 .3 6
3 .58
3.5 3

2 .9 8 2 .9 7 3 .2 9 2 .8 6 -

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4--------------------

398
255

3 .07

2 .8 6

3.15
2 .93
2.88

2.8 9

2
2
2
2

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES -------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

469

2.63

265
20 4

2 .5 8
2.4 9
2 .7 0

2 .5 2
2.81

2 .6 0 -

2.86

2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING------------------------------

33 4
326

3.44
3.45

3.50
3 .5 1

3 .3 5 3 .3 6 -

3.6 2
3 .62

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE---------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------

l ,420
1,346
74

3.37
3.36
3 .45

3 .3 6
3.36

3 .1 1 3 .1 2 -

3.55
3.54

-

-

-

-

3 .5 7

3 .0 0 -

3.93

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
I MAINTENANCE)---------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC UT IL I T I E S 4--------------------

1,219
215
1,004
92 5

3.17
3.43
3 . 11
3.11

3.1 3
3 .4 2
3 .11
3.11

2 .9
3 .0
2 .9
2 .9

-

3.37
3.65
3.3 2
3.3 2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

1 ,4C 9

3 .3 4

3.50
3.4 7
3.76

_

_

3 .3 3
3.58

3 .2 1 3 .2 0 3 .2 2 -

_

1,211
198

3.37
3.35
3.49

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

2 81
27 4

3.3 0
3 .30

3.32
3 .33

3 .1 4 3 .1 4 -

3.50
3.50

_

O I L E R S ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

237

2 .8 0
2.75

2 .6 6
2.65

2 .4 7 2 .4 6 -

2.91
2.8 8

12
12

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES4-------------------------

383
257
12 6
41

3.11
3 .13
3.06

3.0 9

2 .9 1 -

3.3 3

3 .1 2

2 .9 9 -

3.27

2.8 1
2 .86

2 .2 7 2 .7 9 -

3 .76
3.86

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------------

876
718
158

3 .41
3.35

3 .2 2 3 .1 8 -

3.62
3.55

3.69

3.3 7
3.3 5
3 .7 3

3 .4 5 -

3.78

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------NONMANUFACTUR ING:
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------------------

75

3.23

2 .9 9

2 .9 2 -

3.08

30

2.90

2.9 3

2 .8 8 - 2 .9 7

See footn otes at end o f table.




143
41

220

3.1 6

2.73
2 .7 7

-

o f—

3.2 C

$
3.60

*
3*80

4.0C

1
4 . 2C

4.40

$
4 .6C

1
4.8 0

3.4C

3.6C

3 .80

4 .0C

4.2 0

4 • 4C

4 .6C

4.80

5.0C

_

_
-

3.96
3.78
4.0 8
3.59

1
-

2
-

1
1

2
2

-

3.15
3.1 8
3 .09
3.25

3
-

3
-

3

2 .4 2 2 .2 5 -

2.84
2 .6 7

11
9

4
4

l
1

-

-

29
29

~

~

4
3

10
l.n

1

12
17
-

76

-

3

7

8
8
-

15
10
5
5

28
19
9
9

90

73

7

86
4

70
3
3

7
-

“

72
16
6
4

39

29

34

30

23
6

17
17
17

18
17
6

70
70
-

51
71

18

21
18

5?
45

~

1

97
53
39

4
-

19

4
7

->6
1 6

1

4

n o
1o
9?

1

1

-

1

1

_

78
la

115
1 15

51
91

7
7

4 C7
4 C1
6

390
378

82
82

12

~

232
34
158
153

1 22
24
98
53

115
62
53
44

383
346
37

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
-

_

6
-

5

-

1

~

8
3
5

8
-

13
5

3

8

8

~

~

36

24

33
3

16
8

21
16
5

15
14

-

_

-

-

5
-

1
-

_

5

1

~

"

_

_

1
l

~

6

6
3
3

-

1?

5
5

-

8
7
2
0

e a r n in g s

$
3.4 0

3

_

“

l
_

_

3
3

_

11
9
7

_

71

93

-

71

93

-

2
2

35
22

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

_

_

1

~

_

_

-

~

7
4

3
3

9

-

-

-

-

4
-

39
-

4

39

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

)

-

-

“

6

£3
1

67
58
9

88
67
76

2 SI
275

24

S

S
5 .00

17
1

13

7
6
~

19
19

1 59
1 48

58
54

53
53

4

-

3
-

-

-

3

-

239
228
11

92
81

63
-

11
1

63
57

3
3
-

8
6
-

2
2
-

-

~

-

-

~

1 29
78
51
34

54
29
25

8
8
-

41
15
26
15

12
2

_

24
-

79
79
-

-

-

9

_

_

9
-

-

-

l
-

17
-

1
-

1

17

21
19
2

!

_

1

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

35

1

_

_

1

1
1

_

2
33

101
1C1

-

-

~

-

~

~

~

-

-

7 34
33
701

12
5
7

81
74
7

29
76
3

1 43
1 30
13

18
7

54
49

11

5

485
461
24

_

14
14

_

79
79

7
7

4R
48

5C
46

126
123

1°
19

10

_
-

18
18

_

10

4
4

5?

53

44

5C

57

57
-

51

42

5C
-

43
14

-

1

19

42
42

75

19

26
26

_

4
4
-

1
l
-

1
1
-

71

“

1

-

1

60
15
45
45

16
16

-

1
-

1 93
193

-

-

17
7
1C
1C

92
87
5

20 7
o

21

2
19
17

72
R
14

1 77

1 75
Q
1 66
1 44

1
1

10
10

14
78
28

44
44

l

-

2
7

7

65
64

57
39

1
-

78
65
13

1°

10

30

18

10

19

l

7

282
274
8
-

o ver

27
23
4

41
6
35
35

_

1
1

16

~

13
12

-

84

33
6

11
6

1 l‘
-

_

-

-

39

8

11

-

-

8

7
7

57

_

1
-

4

~

-

-

5
24

47
37
in

-

3
-

-

-

1

and

477
370
107

9
7
5
6

h o u r ly

i

and
un d er

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE---------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

.5
.6
.4
.6

s t r a ig h t- tim e

t
2 .60

-

_

.

-

-

87
16
71

13
-

_

13

7
7

_

-

_

-

2
1
1

_
-

-

1

_

24
24
-

-

_

_

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1C A
97
7

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

18
18

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

12
11
-

-

-

24

52
40
12

-

5
3
2

201
1 23
78

23
23
-

-

7
3
4

-

-

1 49
1 20
29

_

1C

18
318

12
-

_

17

_

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

27
14

1
-

17

11

-

*

-

2

-

-

11

_

-

-

-

-

13

-

_

-

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v e ra g e

1
2
3
4

E x c lu d e s p r e m
F o r d e f in itio n
W o rk ers w e re
T r a n s p o r t a t io n




s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d o n a n
b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n , N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 )1
4
3
2

iu m
p a y fo r o v e r t im e a n d fo r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a n d la t e s h if t s .
of te rm s ,
s e e fo o tn o te 2 , ta b le A - l .
d is t r ib u t e d a s f o llo w s : 3 a t $ 5 to $ 5 . 2 0 ; 14 a t $ 5 . 2 0 to $ 5 .4 0 ; a n d 1 a t $ 5 .4 0
, c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o th e r p u b lic u t il i t i e s .

to

$5. 60.

a re a

b a s is

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , N ew ark and J e r s e y C ity, N .J ., F e b ru a ry 1965)
Hourly earnings

N u m b er of w o rk e rs

in d u s tr y

d iv is io n

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

Under
$
1, 10

ELEVATCR
(WO ME N)

PAS SENG ER
-----------------------

OPER AT O R S * PASSE NG ER
---------------------------------------------------

NCN MAN UF ACT UR ING

-----------------------

22 9
223

224
222

1.60
1.59

1 .2 3 -

1.77

1 .2 2 1 .1 6 -

1.77
1.59

$
1.60

$
1.7 0

$
1 .90

i

%

1.80

2.00

9.10

$
2 .90

$
2.3C

2.4C

$
2.60

1.30

1.40

1.50

1 .60

1.70

l . 80

1.90

2 . 00

2.1 0

2 .2 0

2.39

2.40

2.6C

2.80

51
51

1 23

15
15

5
5

5
5

-

-

3

~

6
4

14

~

12

I

2
9

2
?

2
2

25
25

28
28
28

12
12

13
13

14
14

6
6
4

70
70

18

_

_

18

-

-

71

6?
26

134
1 08
36

54
23
31

76
36
40

16 7
69

36

78

1 04
86
18

15

37

2

16

54

2 .3 7
2 .67
1.82

~

549

2.47

2 .4 9

2 .1 9 -

2.7 7

-

_

_

-

-

12

1

1

21
21
7

-

377
-

535
-

377

535

4C8
34
374

62
17
45

38
33

-

-

9

4

8

l? 3

l
1

2
-

_

-

26

12

-

-

11

71

21

20

15

69

490

25 4

3?l

986

2 ,473
2,6 8 4
380
214
35 6
416
1,3 1 8

292
-

1 44
9

l 13
2 08
?

1 .8 0
1 .3 7
1 .7 3
1 .3 4

-

2.5 3
1.82
2 .06
1.85

26
1 05

9
64
12
322

12
96
14
170

12
20
12
91

8
17
45
72

23

19
18

32
13
2?
72
4?

107
147
4

1 76

37
-

1 73
947
Q

389
39Q

78
78

279
97
1 8?

1
4
40
58

J A M T C R S , P O R T E R S , ANO C L E A N E R S
( W O M E N ) ----------------------------------------------------------------M A N UF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

1,150
238
912

1.74
2 .06
1 .66

1.68
2.0 7
1 .66

1 .6 3 1 .9 4 1 .6 2 -

1.89
2 .2 4
1.75

24
-

6
-

13
-

51

6

17
5
12

40
-

24

40

13

11
40

516
7
50 9

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------------M A N UF A CT U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C UT IL I T I E S 4 -------------------------------W H O L E S A L E TRADE ----------------------------------R E T A I L T RA DE ------------------------------------------

8,298
4,1 2 7
4 ,171
3,158
50 8
431

2.76
2.72
2.80
2.91
2 .41
2 .46

2.77
2.6 6
2 .9 3
2.9 9

3.02
2 .88
3.0 4
3.0 6
2.66
2 .93

-

15
15

23
-

2 .5 7
2 .76

2 .5 1 2 .2 2 2 .6 6 2 .8 4 2 .2 3 1 .8 6 -

23
-

26
14
12
-

27
47
35

23

12

ORD ER

1,570
726

2.7 4

2.81

2 .5 3 2 .3 9 -

2 .9 7
3.04

2
2

2.7 2
2 .7 6

1.9 8

1 .6 1 1 .6 9 -

2 .3 7
2.51

1.90
1.95

1 .6 3 1 .8 5 -

1.98
2.0 0

2 .6 4

2 .2 0 2 .2 5 -

2.8 7
2 .7 6

2 .0 8 1 .7 8 2 .2 4 -

3.00
2 .76
3.08

1,0 1 1

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T RA D E -----------------------------------

1 C4
79

1.94
2.01

PACKERS,
S H I P P I N G ( W O M E N ) ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

1 31

1.84

88

1.98

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------------------------------------M A N UF A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------NC N MAN UF AC TUR I N G ------------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T RA DE ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f table.




441
262
179
52
94

2.3 3
1.94

2.52
2.4 9

2.6 2

2.56
2.3 2

2.74
2.59

2 .62

2.92

15
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1 38
39

100
1?
88

109
4
105

108
54
54

40
13

72
53
19

100

130
120

3 54
343

l"
7
3

l 1
-

12

Rl
53
28
14
14

2
-

2
-

23

2

2

74

-

61
39
-

10
Q

20
11

4
-

10
-

17
16

4

10

l

-

18
5

53

7
4

1 10
7

39
39

61
5
49
4
3
7

20
20
-

378
3 36
49

1 73
164
q

34

-

-

-

2

2

2

1

4
-

1
-

43
36

22
18

25

8

6
5

4
4

1
~

7
7

4
4

-

5

3

12

4

-

“

~

29
?o

~

2?
2

33
17

7
5

16
2
9

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

15

-

2
-

23

-

1?

7

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
2

11
4

8
7

-

-

-

-

-

l

7

1

-

1804
1020
7 84
455
20 9
1 15

4C5
86
319

22

8

1

-

1C
1C

2

42
4?

8C2
436
366
1 94
150
4

55
45

7
6

8

333
251
42
-

30
30

169

8
5

-

3R
37

7

2

26
23
3

50
49

1 76

4

2e
23
5

15C
9
6
-

~

93
79
14
12

83

8 17
657
12C
71
32
4
1
12

1

123
108
15

5C1
253
248

l

2

6
-

-

18
48
32
45

-

-

15
47
1 76

8
-

_

_

-

30
l 81
39
1 4?
-

1 .9 5 1 .9 9 -

_

31

13

2 .27

_

-

210
66

2.92

_

-

25

2.32
2.36

_

67

320
28

431

_

57

-

1,1 1 5

_

-

1 08

421
14
407
-

T R A D E ------------------------------------------

_

-

125

-

RETAIL

_

-

26

1 47
16
131
-

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------

_

19

-

2.9 3

_

_
-

-

37
-

16
16
16

-

57

-

2.5 8
2.98

over

-

78
-

2 .5 5 -

4 .0C

57

2.28

2 .5 2 2 .8 6 -

3 .8C

75
79

2.41
2 .55
2 .10
2.5 5

2 .81
2.81

3 .6C

124
83
41

1 .6 4 2 .0 7 1 .4 1 2 .3 2 -

2 .5 5
2 .9 3

3.4C

1 96
106
68

1 .8 1 -

2.53

3.20

212
129
63

2.07
2.33
1.76
2 .38
2 .2 3
1.47
1.92
1.48

2.75
2.72

$
4.00

66
57
S

2.0 1

8 44
3 51

$
3.8C

-

2 .05

-----------------------------------

%
3.60

-

2.03
2 .30
1 .78
2 .39
2 . 14
1 .58
1.88
1.57

TRA DE

1
3.40

-

344

WHOLE SALE

$
3.2C

-

5 ,157

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

1
3 . CO

15
15

-

---------------------------------------------

F I L L E R S --------------------------------------------------

o f—
$
2.8C

_

10

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------NC N MA N UF A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E -----------------------------------------F I N A N C E 5------------------------------------------------------S E R V I C E S ----------------------------------------------------

-

$

an d

-

1 .3 6 1 .9 0 1 .3 2 -

1.60

e a r n in g s

$
1.50

-

2.32
1.41

h o u r ly

$
1.4C

$

1.30

~

1.86
2.31
1 .65

2 ,764

WATCHMEN:
MANU FAC TU RING

$
2.0 8
2.08

893
1 ,8 7 1

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------NCNM A N U F A CT UR I N G ----------------------GUARCS:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

$
1 .9 6 1 .9 6 -

1.23

63

T RA DE

$
2 .0 3
2.0 3

1.55
1 .55
1.34

----------------------------

RETAIL

$
1 .98
2 .0 0

s t r a ig h t- tim e

t

an d
under
1.20

E LEV ATC P O P ER AT ORS*
NO NM AN UFA CT UR ING

r e c e iv in g

$
1.20

o
o

O c c u p a tio n 1 a n d

L
of
workers

$
1.10

IJ

~
16
1?
4
4

l
33
31
9
7
6
5
12
9
3
2
1

6
5

5
5
-

18
18
-

-

~

-

_
_

_
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1558
360
1198
1025
-

1555
52
1503
1464
-

5

-

32
32
_
-

_
-

165

19

7

-

-

1 34

494

43

86
48
15

131
36 3
17

202
150
52
-

1
1
_

57
57
_

1
1
_

_
_

-

-

-

1

2
7
-

26
17
_

-

1

346

52

17

1 85

91

114

84

15

8

36
4

163

89
2

114
_

84
-

15
-

8
_

~

~

-

-

4

_

_

_
-

2
1C
10

2
2

4

10
8
9
-

21
15

52
33

1 18
99

6
-

19
6

2

6

13

-

-

*

-

88
88
_
_

_
-

_

-

-

22
22

-

_

4C

36
30

3 C7

385
255
1 30
91
35
4
-

_

_

19
15
-

66
25
41
8
11

49
14

_
-

_

76 3
763
_
-

_
_
_
_
_

_
_

l

7
7
_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

1C

2

4

2
-

35
2

6
-

2
_
-

33

6

-

_
-

_

_

-

_
_

2
-

_
-

_

-

-

-

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N .J ., F e b r u a r y 1965)

Num ber of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2
Number
of
workers

.50 l. .60 1 . 70 1.80 1.. « 0
M ean3

M edian 3

M iddle range3

S U PP IN G CLERKS------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTURING -----------------------------

306
2AA
62

$
2.75
2.73
2.83

$
2.73
2.72
3.02

5A3
356
187
59

2.6 6
2.57
2.84
2.78

2.72
2.62
2.84
2.79

2.352.282.692.39-

2.87
2.31
3.01
3.08

TRUCK CRIVERS6 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------PUBL IC UT IL ITIES4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

10,227
3,276
6,951
5 , 29A
1 , 3A 8
116

3.25
3.50
3.12
3.17
2.97
2.80

3.23
3.26
3.22
3.25
2.79

3.022.853.063.122.702.65-

3.36
4.16
3.33
3.33
3.41
3.08

2.10

2 • Q9

3.00

3.2C 3.40

2, . 00

2.20

2 .3 °

2.4C 2.60 2.80 3.00

3.20

3.40

3.6C

3.80

4.00

over

-

-

16
11
4
_

_

6
6
"

8
6
2

23
23
-

121
106
15

52
52
-

53
35
18

14
2
12

5
4
1

2
2

9
9
-

8
8
6

80
RO
-

3d
25
5
5

42
36
6
1

142
93
49
16

115
48
67
4

47
19
28
14

20
5
15
£

23
19
4
1

_
-

38

55
3C
25
15
6

351
110
241
44
177
5

9 74
408
566
51
487
27

756 2261 3846
461
300
476
295 1961 337C
274 1595 3281
11
187
87
56
10

485
89
396
35
360
~

188
186
2
-

9
9
-

12

_

18

8

27

34
26

12
-

-

1R
0

8
S

9

8

3

1

13
12
1
1

“

3

3

4

~

~

~

12

_

3.07
2.52

3.40
2.61

2 . 6 9 - 3.45
2 . 3 5 - 2.73

TRUCK CR IVER S» MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U TI L IT IE S 4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE-------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

3,929
1,652
2,277
l ,631
563
79

3.21
3.52
2.98
3.08
2.72
2.87

3.06
3.17
3.05
3.09
2.72
3.03

2.802.802.903.022.632.74-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER T Y P E ) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4-------------------------

3*645
5A9
3,096
2,818

3.27
3.46
3.23
3.25

3.32
3.60
3.32
3.32

3 . 1 6 - 3.37
3 .0 5 - 3.69
3 . 1 7 - 3.36
3 . 1 8 - 3.36

TRUCKCR IVERS* HEAVY (OVER A TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------

1,015
133
882
605
2 A6

3.06
2.85
3.09
3.20
2.72

3.22
2.83
3.23
3.25
2.73

2.892.683.123 .2 3 2.46-

3.26
2.98
3.27
3.28
3.05

_

_

-

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBL IC U T IL IT IE S 4------------------------RETAIL TRADE---------------------------------

2,067
1,302
765
415
154

2.91
2.83
3.05
3.14
2.98

2.92
2.74
3.03
3.09
3.00

2.632.512.943.032.93-

3.09
2.98
3.14
3.32
3.06

10
10

2
2

186
158

2.50
2.47

2.46
2.44

2 . 4 0 - 2.65
2 . 3 5 - 2.50

_

9
9
-

8
8

-

708
121

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

1
1

-

36

7
21
1
20
~

8

3.26
4.81
3.22
3.24
2.78
3.09

24
18

9
9

1

2
1

2
1

20
15

37
17

77
44

23
17

112
1

14
2

29
26
4

11
11
-

6
6
-

16
11
5

4

15

”

~

5

195
43
152
40
108
1

701
310
391
372
18

566
332
234
226
8
~

876
112
764
638
75
51

967
240
727
727
~

6
6

51
1
50

7

_

_

_

-

-

2

-

-

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

.

3

1

_

20

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

3

30

15

2
?

1
1

2
?

77
77

46
46

-

3
-

19

80
11
69

99
46
53

72 1134 207C
154
51
62
10
980 2019
834 1949

47
47

_

_

_

_

_

26
26

19

69

53

6
6

85
65

242
242

330
261
69
21
12

520
274
246
20
66

41
14

1

7
7

13
13

81
60

94
13
81
80

-

30

Data limited to men w ork ers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 312 at $4 to $4.20; 203 at $4.20 to $4.40; 111 at $4.40 to $4.60; 420 at $4.80 to $5; and 20 at $5 and over.
W ork ers w ere distributed as follow s: 111 at $4.40 to $4.60; 420 at $4.80 to $5; and 20 at $5 and over.
A ll w o rk ers w ere at $4.30 to $4.40.




3.6C 3.8C 4.00

n
2.8C

and

TR UCKCRIV ER S » LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T C N S ) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

TRUCKERS* POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L IF T ) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------------- 1
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

2 . 2H 2.3C 2.40 2.60

and
under

$
$
2 . 6 2 - 2.99
2 . 6 2 - 2.92
2 . 6 2 - 3.20

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------

$
l .10

3.00 2 . 1 0

.60 1.. 70 1 . 80 1.90

Occupation1 and industry division

1

628
16
612
605
5

369

~

"

-

78 1084
78 71066
18
~
~

360

_

_

~

”

~

~
®551
551
-

2

_

_

2
-

-

~

~

“

35

162
162

6
6

-

-

910 7
-

~

~

-

35
35

107

1

2

_

-

-

-

18
-

1
-

2
-

-

18
-

181

-

-

10 0

-

181
176

-

-

~

_

_

_

_

_

269
198
71

17
17

-

*

195
195
~

_

-

~

_
-

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A , B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills.
Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published.
In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided.
The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

14

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary woikers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine 1. Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

15

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cleiks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

17
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the followings Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g. / because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if die functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

19
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN- TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20
ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new /parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

21
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the followings
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

22
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUS T ODI AL

AND

I

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

23
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING A N D RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves; A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows;
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the B LS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.

A re a

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 19641__________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y ., M ar. 19641-------------Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 19641______________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— .J., Feb. 19641 —
N
Atlanta, Ga., M ay 19641 __________________________________
B altim ore, M d ., Nov. 1964 1 ___________ : _________________
_
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, Tex., M ay 1964 1______________
P
Birm ingham , A la., Apr. 1964 1------------------------------------Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1 ____________________________
Boston, M ass., Oct. 19641 _______________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641 -----------------------Burlington, V t., M ar. 1964________________
Canton, Ohio, A pr. 1964 1__________________
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641 -------------Charlotte, N .C ., A pr. 19641 -------------------Chattanooga, Tenn.— a ., Sept. 1964 1 —
C
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ------------------------Cincinnati, O h io -K y ., M ar. 1964 1________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 ------------------Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 --------------------

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a l l a s , T e x . , Nov. 19641 -------------------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moli ne, I o w a Ill.,
Oct. 1964 1______________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_____________________________________
D e n v e r , Co lo ., Dec. 1964____________________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iowa, F e b . 19641 _____________________________
Detro it, M i c h ., Jan. 19651 __________ _____________________ —
F o r t W orth , T e x . , Nov. 1964 1_______ ______________________
G r e e n Bay , W i s ., Aug. 1964 1-------------------------------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S .C ., M a y 1964 1 --------------------------------------------Houston, T e x . , June 1964 1 __________________________________

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1430-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
30
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, In d., De c. 1964________________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , F e b . 1965------------------------------------------------J a ck so n v ille, F l a . , Jan. 1965 1 ----------------------------- -----------K a n s a s City, M o . - K a n s . , Nov. 1964_______________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l, M a s s . — . H . , June 1964 1 _________
H
N
Little Ro ck — o r t h Little Rock, A r k . , Aug. 1964 1______
N
L o s A n g e l e s —Long B ea ch, C a li f., M a r . 19 641 __________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .—In d ., F e b . 1965 1-------------------------------------Lu bb ock , T ex., June 19641__________________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., Aug. 19641 _____________________________
M e m p h i s , Tenn., Jan. 1965__________ - ___ - _______________ - _

1430-30, 25 cents
1430-44, 20 cents
1430-38, 25 cents
1430-26, 25 cents
1385-76, 25 cents
1430-7,
25 cents
1385-59, 30 cents
1430-42, 25 cents
1385-75, 25 cents
1430-4,
25 cents
1430-40, 25 cents

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a

Bulletin number
and price

M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964------------------ —-------------------Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1964*-------------------------------M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1965 1________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., M ay 1964 1
New ark and J ersey City, N.J., Feb. 1965-----------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965--------------- —-------- -—
New O rleans, L a ., Feb. 1964------------------------------New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641-------------------------------N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport N ew s—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964----------------------------------Oklahoma City, O k la., Aug. 1964 1 ----------------------

1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39>
1385-71,
1430-45,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Omaha, N e b r.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964-------------------------------------Paterson—
Clifton— a ss a ic , N.J., M ay 1964 1 --------------P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1964 1-----------------------------Phoenix, A r i z . , M ar. 1964 1------------------------------------------Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1965 1______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964-------------------- --------------- -----Portland, Or eg.— ash ., M ay 1964 1-----------------------------W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— a ss., M ay 1964------------M
Raleigh, N .C ., Sept. 1964---------------------------------------------Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964---------------------------------------------

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ock ford , 111., A p r. 1964 1______________________
St. L ou is, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1--------------------Salt Lak e C ity, Utah, D ec. 19641-----------------San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964-_________________
San B ern a rd in o— iv e r sid e— ntario, C a lif.,
R
O

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

San D iego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1__________________
San F ra n c is co-O akland, C a lif., Jan. 1965 1—
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1964 1---------------------------Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964-----------------------------Seattle, W ash., Sept. 1964-------------------------- -

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Oct. 1964_________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1__________________
Spokane, W ash., M ay 1964_,_____________________
T o le d o , Ohio, F eb . 1964_________________________
T ren ton , N .J ., Dec. 1964 1__ _______ -__________
W ashington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Oct. 19641--------W aterb u ry, Conn., M ar. 19641_________________
W a te rlo o , Iowa, N ov. 1964 1____________________
W ich ita, K a n s ., Sept. 1964 1____________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., June 1964 1_________________
Y o rk , P a ., F eb . 19641__________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102