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'UI'UMLNJ

Occupational Wage Survey

LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—INDIANA
FEBRUARY 1965

Bulletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 2




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TIST IC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY—
INDIANA




FEBRUARY 1 9 6 5

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 2
April 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clogue, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
P a ge

The Bureau o f L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occupational w age su rveys in m etro p o lita n a rea s is d esigned to p ro vid e data on occupational earnings, and e s ­
tablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary wage p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s detailed data by selected industry d ivisio n s fo r
each o f the areas studied, fo r econ om ic region s, and fo r
the United States. A m a jo r co n sid era tion in the p ro g ra m
is the need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into ( l ) the m ovem en t o f
w ages by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the
structure and le v e l of w ages among
areas and industry
d iv is io n s .

Introduction_____________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r se le c te d occupational grou p s______________________________
T a b les:
1.
2.

A.
A t the end of each su rvey,
an individu al a re a
b u lletin presen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each a re a studied.
A fte r com p letion o f a ll of the individual a re a bulletins fo r
a round o f su rveys, a tw o -p a rt sum m ary b u lletin is issued.
The fir s t p art b rin gs data fo r each of the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bulletin. The second p art presen ts
in form ation which has been p ro je c te d fr o m individual m e trop olitan a re a data to re la te to econ om ic region s and the
United States.
E igh ty-tw o areas c u rren tly a re included in the
p ro gra m .
In form ation on occupational earnings is c o llected annually in each area. In form a tion on establishm ent
p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary wage p ro v is io n s is obtained
b ien n ially in m ost of the a rea s.
This bu lletin p resen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
L o u is v ille , K y . —
Ind., in F e b ru a ry 1965.
It was p rep a red
in the B u reau 's reg io n a l o ffic e in C levelan d, Ohio, by
R ob ert G. Bryan, under the d ire c tio n o f E llio tt A. B ro w a r,
A ssista n t R egion al D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In du strial
R e la tio n s .




* N O T E : S im ila r
back c o v e r . )

tabulations

1
4

B.

E stablish m en ts and w o rk e rs within scope of su rvey and
number stu d ied ______________________________________________________
Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e
hou rly earnings fo r selected occupational groups,
and percen ts of in crea se fo r se le c te d p e r io d s ____________________

3

3

O ccupational earnings : *
A - 1. O ffic e occupations— en and w o m e n --------------------------------m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w o m e n _______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffice, p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and wom en com bined--------------------------------------------A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplan t occu p a tio n s____________________
A -5 . Custodial and m a te r ia l m ovem en t occupations_______________

9
10
11

E stablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r wom en o ffic e w o rk e rs ____
B -2. Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _______________________________________________
B -3. Scheduled w eek ly h ou rs________________________________________
B -4. Paid h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 . Paid va c a tio n s ----------------------------------------------------------------B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension p la n s _______________________
B - 7 . Paid sick le a v e _________________________________________________
B -8 . P r o fit-s h a r in g p lan s____________________________________________

13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21

A ppendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________
B. O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________________________

a re a va ila b le

fo r

other a rea s.

(See inside

C u rren t re p o rts on occupational earnings and su pplem entary wage p ra c tic e s
in the L o u is v ille a re a a re also ava ila b le fo r auto d e a le r r e p a ir shops (August
1964), and flu id m ilk (S eptem ber 1964). Union s ca les, in d ica tive o f p re v a ilin g pay
le v e ls , a re a va ila b le fo r building construction, printing, lo c a l-tr a n s it operatin g
em p loyees, and m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h elp ers.

5
8

22
23




Occupational Wage Survey—Louisville, Ky.—Ind.
Introduction
T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in which the U .S . D epartm ent o f La b or*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age ben efits on an a re a w id e b a s is .
In this a re a , data
w e r e obtained by p erso n a l v is its o f B ureau fie ld econ om ists to r e p ­
re s e n ta tiv e establish m en ts w ithin s ix b road indu stry d iv is io n s : Manu­
fa ctu rin g; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ;
w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups exclu ded fr o m th ese studies a re
govern m en t op eration s and the con stru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
E stablishm ents having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o r k e r s a re
om itted because they tend to furnish in s u ffic ie n t em ploym en t in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
S eparate tabulations a re
p ro vid ed fo r each o f the b road in du stry d iv is io n s w hich m eet pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.
T h e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, a rea w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
rela tion sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
estab lish m en ts. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tab lish m en ts. O ther p o s s ib le fa c to rs w hich m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ith in estab lish ed rate ra n ges, sin ce only the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d w ithin the sam e
su rv e y job d es c rip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rveys a re usu ally m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis because of
the u n n ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um co st, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establish m en ts a re given th e ir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establish m en ts studied a r e p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establishm ents in the in du stry grouping and a re a ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts w ith in the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rveyed . B ecau se o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tab lish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e rv e only to in d icate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and E arnings
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4 ) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n ifo rm set o f job
d escrip tio n s d esign ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e job .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tab les because e ith e r ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it p resen ta tion , o r (2 ) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establish m en t data.

E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b les) on se le c te d
establish m en t p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro visio n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p lo y e e s , and fo rc e -a c c o u n t constru ction w o rk e rs who
a r e u tiliz e d as a sep arate w o rk fo r c e a r e excluded. ’’O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w ork in g s u p e rv is o rs and n o n su p erviso ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orkin g f o r e ­
m en and a ll n o n su p erviso ry w o r k e r s (including leadm en and tra in e e s )
engaged in n o n office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonm anufactur­
ing in d u stries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclu de p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h olid a ys, and
la te sh ifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a r e exclu ded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earn in gs a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (ta b le B - l ) re la te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v is ite d . T h ey a re p resen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
w ith fo r m a l m inim u m entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe re n tia l d ata (table 3 -2 ) a r e lim ited to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in d u strie s.
T his in form ation is p re se n te d both in
te rm s of (l) estab lish m en t policy, 1 p resen ted in te rm s of to tal plant
w ork er em ploym ent, and (2) effective p ra c tic e , p re se n te d in te rm s of
w o rk ers actu ally em ployed on the sp e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e of the
su rv ey .
In e stab lish m e n ts having v a rie d d iffe re n tia ls, the am ount
applying to a m a jo rity w as u sed or, if no am ount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la ssific a tio n "o th e r" w as u sed . In estab lish m e n ts in which som e
la te -sh ift h ours a r e paid at n o rm al r a te s , a d iffe re n tia l w as re c o rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo rity of the sh ift h o u rs.
The scheduled weekly h ou rs (table B -3) of a m a jo rity of the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk ers in an estab lish m en t a r e tabu lated a s applying to
a ll of the plant o r office w o rk ers of that e stab lish m e n t. P aid h o lid a y s;
paid v a c a tio n s; health, in su ran ce, and pension p la n s; and p ro fit-sh a rin g
p lan s (tab le s B - 4 through B -8) a r e tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b a s is
that th ese a r e ap p licab le to a ll plant o r o ffice w o rk e rs if a m a jo rity
of such w o rk ers a r e elig ib le o r m ay eventually qualify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s liste d . Sum s of individual ite m s in ta b le s B -2 through B - 8 m ay
not equal to tals b e c au se of rounding.
D ata on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a r e lim ite d to d ata on
h olid ays gran ted annually on a fo rm a l b a s i s ; i. e . , (l) a r e provided
fo r in w ritten form , o r (2) have been e sta b lish e d by cu sto m . H olidays
o rd in arily gran ted a r e included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even if the w ork er is not gran ted another day off. The f i r s t
p a rt of the paid h olid ays tab le p re se n ts the num ber of whole and h alf
h olidays actu ally gran ted. The second p a rt com bin es whole and h alf
h olid ays to show total holiday tim e .
The su m m ary of v acatio n p lan s (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo rm a l p o lic ie s, excluding in fo rm al a rra n g e m e n ts w hereby tim e off
with pay is gran ted at the d isc re tio n of the em p loy er.
S e p arate
e stim a te s a r e provided acco rd in g to em ployer p ra c tic e in com puting
vacatio n paym ents, such a s tim e paym ents, p erc e n t of annual e arn in g s,
o r fla t-su m am ounts.
H owever, in the tab u lation s of v acatio n pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b a s is w ere converted to a tim e b a s i s ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent of 2 p ercen t of annual e arn in g s w as c o n sid ered
a s the equivalent of 1 w eek 's pay.

com pany and th ose provided through a union fund o r paid d ire c tly by
the em ploy er out of c u rre n t o p eratin g funds o r from a fund se t a sid e
fo r th is p u rp o se . D eath b en efits a r e included a s a fo rm of life
in su ran ce .
S ic k n e ss and accid en t in su ran ce is lim ited to that type of
in su ran c e under which p red eterm in ed c a sh p aym ents a r e m ade d ire c tly
to the in su re d on a w eekly o r m onthly b a s is d u rin g illn e s s o r accid en t
d isa b ility .
Inform ation is p re se n te d fo r a ll such p lan s to which the
em ploy er c o n trib u te s. H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e r s e y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d isa b ility in su ran c e law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r con tribu tion s, 2 p lan s a r e included only if the em ployer (1) con­
trib u te s m o re than is le g a lly req u ired , or (2) p ro v id e s the em ployee
with b en efits which exceed the req u ire m e n ts of the law . T abu lations
of paid sic k le a v e p lan s a r e lim ited to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which p rovid e
fu ll pay or a p ro p o rtio n of the w o rk e r's pay du rin g ab se n ce fro m w ork
b e c a u se of illn e s s .
S e p a ra te tab u lation s a r e p re se n te d acco rd in g to
(1) p lan s which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p erio d , and (2) p lan s
which p rovid e eith er p a r tia l pay o r a w aiting p erio d .
In addition
to the p re se n tatio n of the p rop ortion s of w o rk e rs who a re provided
sic k n e s s and accid en t in su ran c e o r paid sic k le av e , an unduplicated
to tal is shown of w o rk e rs who re c e iv e eith er o r both ty p es of b e n e fits.
C ata stro p h e in su ran c e , so m e tim e s r e fe r r e d to a s extended
m e d ic al in su ran c e , in clu d es th ose p lan s which a r e d esig n ed to p ro te c t
em ploy ees in c a s e of s ic k n e ss and in jury involving e x p e n se s beyond
the n o rm al c o v e ra g e of h osp italizatio n , m e d ic al, and s u r g ic a l p la n s.
M edical in su ran c e r e f e r s to p lan s providing fo r com plete o r p a r tia l
paym ent of d o c to rs' f e e s . Such p lan s m ay be u nderw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ra n c e com pan ies o r nonprofit o rg a n iz atio n s or they m ay
be s e lf- in s u r e d . T abu lation s of re tire m e n t p en sion p lan s a r e lim ited
to th ose p lan s that p rovid e monthly p aym en ts fo r the re m ain d e r of
the w o rk e r's life .

D ata a r e p resen ted fo r a ll health, in su ran c e , and pension
p lan s (tab le s B -6 and B -7) fo r which at le a s t a p a rt of the c o st is
borne by the em ployer, excepting only le g a l re q u ire m e n ts such a s
w ork m en 's com pen sation, s o c ia l se c u rity , and ra ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
Such p lan s include those underw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l in su ran ce

P r o fit- sh a rin g p lan s (table B -8 ) a r e lim ited to fo rm a l plans
with definite fo rm u la s fo r com puting p ro fit s h a r e s to be d istrib u te d
am ong em p loy ees and w hose fo rm u las w ere com m unicated to e m ­
p lo y ees in advance of the d eterm in ation of p r o fits. D ata are p resen ted
acco rd in g to p ro v isio n s fo r d istrib u tin g p ro fit s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s:
(1) C u rre n t o r c a sh d istrib u tio n of p ro fit s h a r e s within a sh o rt p erio d
a fte r d eterm in ation of p r o fits ; (2) d e fe rre d d istrib u tio n of p ro fit s h a r e s
a fte r a sp e c ifie d num ber of y e a r s o r at re tire m e n t; (3) com bination
cu rre n t and d e fe rre d p la n s; and (4) e le ctiv e d istrib u tio n p lan s, under
which each p a rticip an t is re q u ire d to s e le c t w hether to take h is sh a re
of the c u rre n t y e a r 's p ro fit in cash , have it d e fe rre d , or p a rt in c a sh
and p a rt d e fe rre d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et either of the following
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least die
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin scope o f su rv e y and n u m b er studied in L o u is v ille ,
N u m b e r of establish m en ts

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in e stab lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T otal 4

O ffice

P lan t

T o t a l4

495

137

136, 700

19, 300

95, 900

88, 180

50
-

196
299

63
74

84, 000
52, 700

7, 500
11, 800

64, 200
31, 700

59, 990
28, 190

50
50
50
50
50

55
57
96
47
44

21
11
18
13
11

16,000
6, 800
16, 700
7, 100
6, 100

3, 400

A ll d iv is io n s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m an u factu rin g------------------------------------------------------------------------T ran sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and
oth er p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 -------------------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e ---------------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e -----------------------------------------------------------------------------F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e --------------------------------S e rv ic e s 8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Ky. —
Ind. , 1 by m a jo r in du stry d iv isio n , 2 F e b r u a r y 1965

(!)
(! )
( )
(6)

8, 900
( 6)
(!)
( )
( 6)

12,
2,
6,
3,
2,

940
780
880
540
050

1 The L o u is v ille Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a c o n sists o f J e ffe rs o n County, Ky. ; and C la r k and F lo y d C oun ties, Ind.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope of study" estim ates shown in
this ta b le p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n o f the s iz e and com p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the s u rv e y .
The e stim ates a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is of
c o m p a riso n w ith oth er em ploym ent ind exes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em ploym en t tren d s o r le v e ls sin ce ( l ) planning of w a g e s u rv e y s r e q u ir e s the u se of e stab lish m en t data com piled c o n s id e ra b ly
in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e excluded fr o m the scope o f the s u rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition o f the Stan dard In d u s tria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g estab lish m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 Includes a ll e sta b lish m e n ts w ith total em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim itatio n . A ll outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) of co m p an ies in such in d u s trie s as trad e, fin an ce, auto r e p a ir s e rv ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e stab lish m en t.
4 Includes execu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s excluded fr o m the se p a ra te offic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e excluded.
6 This in d u stry d iv is io n is re p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, and fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S ep arate p re sen tatio n
of data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ad e fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough d ata to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le
w as not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it s e p a ra te p resen tatio n , (3) re s p o n s e w as in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te presen tatio n , and (4 ) th e re is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u r e of individual
e stab lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fro m this entire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e r e p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s, but fro m the r e a l estate p ortion only in
e stim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B t a b le s . S e p a ra te p re se n ta tio n o f d ata fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re of the r e a s o n s giv en in footnote 6 above.
8 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o bile r e p a ir sh o p s; m otion p ic t u r e s ; non profit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s ); and en gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2. In dexes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t ra ig h t-tim e h o u rly ea rn in g s fo r se le c te d occu p ation al g ro u p s in
L o u is v ille , Ky. —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965 and F e b r u a r y 1964, and p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Indexes
(F e b r u a r y 1961 = 100)

P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e

In du stry and o ccu pation al grou p

F e b r u a r y 1964
to
F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1963
to
F e b r u a r y 1964

F e b r u a r y 1962
to
F e b r u a r y 1963

F e b r u a r y 1961
to
F e b r u a r y 1962

F e b r u a r y 1965

F e b r u a r y 1964

A l l in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u stria l n u rse s (m en and w o m e n )___
S k ille d m aintenance (m en)
U n s k ille d plant (m e n )____________________

113.
108.
110.
112.

6
3
3
6

109.
108.
108.
108.

7
3
8
7

3. 6
0
1.4
3. 6

3.
3.
2.
3.

1
5
6
6

3.
2.
3.
1.

4
0
1
4

2.9
2. 6
2. 9
3. 5

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )______
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m e n )___
S k ille d m aintenance (m e n )_______________
U n s k ille d plant (m e n )____________________

113.
108.
109.
114.

6
8
3
8

108.
108.
108.
110.

9
8
4
3

4. 3
0
.9
4. 1

3.
3.
2.
4.

1
9
4
6

1.
2.
3.
1.

9
5
1
3

3.
2.
2.
4.

7
1
7
1

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
F o r o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n tag es of change re la te to a v e ra g e w eekly s a l a r i e s fo r n o rm al h ours
of w ork , that i s , the stan d ard w ork sch ed ule fo r which stra ig h t-tim e
s a l a r i e s a r e p aid . F o r plant w ork er g ro u p s, they m e a su re ch anges
in a v e ra g e stra ig h t-tim e hourly e a rn in g s, excluding p rem iu m pay for
o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eeken d s, h o lid a y s, and la te sh ifts. The
p e rc e n ta g e s a r e b a se d on d ata for se le c te d key occu p atio n s and in ­
clude m o st of the n u m eric ally im p ortan t jo b s within each group.
The office c le r ic a l d ata a r e b a se d on m en and w om en in the follow ing
19 jo b s: B ookkeepin g-m achine o p e r a to r s, c la s s B ; c le r k s , accou n tin g,
c la s s A and B ; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om ptom eter o p e ra to rs; keypunch o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B;
office boys and g ir l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; ste n o g ra p h e rs, g e n e ra l; ste n o g r a ­
p h e r s, se n io r; sw itch b oard o p e ra to rs; tab u latin g-m ach in e o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s B ; and ty p is t s , c la s s A and B . The in d u stria l n u rse d ata a r e
b a se d on m en and wom en in d u stria l n u r s e s .
Men in the follow ing
8 sk ille d m ain tenance jo b s and 2 u n sk illed jo b s a r e included in the
plant w o rk er data: S k ille d — c a rp e n te rs; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m a c h in ists; m e ­
c h an ics; m e c h a n ic s, autom otive; p a in te rs; p ip e fitte rs; and tool and
die m a k e rs; u n sk illed —ja n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.

Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




fo r individual occu p ation s w ere then totale d to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu p atio n al grou p . F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p r e s s e d a s a p e rcen tage)
of the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe re n ce betw een the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e rce n tag e of change fro m the one p e rio d to the oth er. The
in d exes w ere com puted by m ultiplying the r a tio s for each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the b a se y e a r (1961).
The in d ex es and p e rc e n ta g e s of change m e a s u r e , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts of (1) g e n e ra l s a la r y and w age ch an ges; (2) m e rit o r other
in c r e a s e s in pay re c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs while in the sam e
job; and (3) ch an ges in a v e ra g e w ag e s due to ch anges in the lab o r fo rc e
re su ltin g fro m lab o r tu rn o v e r, fo rc e e x p an sio n s, fo rc e re d u c tio n s,
and ch an ges in the p ro p o rtio n s of w o rk e rs em ployed by e stab lish m e n ts
with d ifferen t p ay le v e ls .
C hanges in the lab o r fo rc e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the occu p atio n al a v e r a g e s without a c tu al
w age ch an g es.
F o r e x am p le , a fo rc e exp an sion m ight in c r e a se the
prop ortion of low er p aid w o rk e rs in a sp e c ific occupation and low er
the a v e r a g e , w h e re a s a reduction in the p rop ortion of low er paid
w o rk e rs would have the op p osite effe ct. S im ila r ly , the m ovem ent of
a high-paying e stab lish m e n t out of an a r e a could c a u se the a v e ra g e
e arn in g s to d ro p , even though no change in r a te s o c c u rre d in other
e sta b lish m e n ts in the a r e a .
The u se of constant em ploym ent w eights e lim in a te s the effect
of ch anges in the p rop ortion of w o rk e rs re p re se n te d in each jo b in ­
cluded in the data. The p e rc e n ta g e s of change re fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e h ou rs. They a re not influenced by
ch anges in stan d ard w ork sc h e d u le s, a s such, or by p rem iu m pay
fo r ov ertim e.

5

A. O ccupation al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , L o u is v il l e , K y. —Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1
( s t a n d a rd )
N um ber
w o r k e rs

h o u rs1
(s ta n d a rd ]

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber of w ork ers receiving straight -tim e weekly earnings of—
$

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly

40
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

$

$

S

&

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1

$

$

$

$

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

over

-

-

and
under
45

and

MEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------------------------

211
133
78
41

$
$
$
$
$
39.5 117.00 119.50 106.50-1 28 .50
39.5 120.50 124.50 115.50-129.50
94 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
40. 0 1 1 0 . 0 0 1 1 1 . 0 0
40.0 120.50 1 2 1 . 0 0 112.00-129.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

149
73
76

40.0
39.5
40. 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
l

6
4
2
1

4
l
3
1

24
6
18
l

7
3
4
-

7
1
6
1

14
10
4
3

15
7
8
6

30
20
10
fc

2C
16
4
4

44
35
9
8

16
13
3
3

12
12
-

11
5
6
6

_
-

-

2
1

1
1

7
6
1

5
3
2

7
7

12
5
7

5
5

15
9
6

7
7
-

3
3
“

4
3

40
34
6

35
35

6
2
4

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1
l

9
6

2
1

1
1

30
20

6
-

-

-

-

6
“

-

-

-

-

3
3

6
6

1
1

-

4
4

2
2

5
2

2
-

3
3

-

-

2
2

8
3
5
5

2
1
1
1

9
l
8
8

2
1
1
1

3
3
3

1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

6
6

-

-

-

101.50
99.50
103.00

111.00
110.00
115.00

88 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
92 .00 -1 1 2 .5 0
8 5 .0 0- 11 8. 00

68
36

40.0 1 0 1 . 0 0
40.0
93.50

102.50
100.50

9 0 .5 0- 10 6. 50
8 6 . 00 -1 03 .00

CLERKS, PAYROLL-------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

32
27

39.5
39.5

105.00 108.00
102.50 1 0 0 . 0 0

91 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
90 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

~

-

4
4

OFFICE B O Y S ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3--------------------------

145
54
91
30

39.0
39.0
39.5
39.5

6 6.00
68.50
64.50
83.50

62.50
66.50
56.50
89.50

5 3 . 0 0 - 74.00
6 1 .0 0 - 76.00
5 1 .0 0 - 73.00
6 3 . 0 0 - 99.00

3

14
14

34
8
26
4

14
4
10
2

16
10
6
3

21
16
5
1

10
2
8
1

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

46
35

40.0
39.5

119.00
119.50

118.50
118.50

11 5.5 0-126.00
115.50-1 28 .50

84
52
32

39.0 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0
39.5 103.00 106.00
95.00
93.00
38.0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 5 .0 0
92 .50 -1 1 6 .0 0
90 .50 -1 1 3 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

93
53
40

39.5
39.0
39.5

76.50
74.00
91.00

7 1 .0 0 - 89.50
7 1 .0 0 - 81.00
7 1 .0 0 - 98.00

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

-

~

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

3
~

~

_

~

7
7
-

—

_
-

-

5
2
3

2
1
1

3
3

7
6
1

26
25
1

11
6
5

6
6

24
9
15

-

11
8
3

7

8
8

6

_

_

_

10
2
8

13
5
8

6
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

1
1
“

2
1

2
1

22
16

3
2

5
3

2
2

4
4

12
12

5
2
3

12
7
5

3
3

3
2
1

1
l

1
1

~

“

~

~

“

~

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

5
5

_
-

1
1

_

_

_

-

~

_
“

~

~

~

~

_

_

~

_

-

-

~
1
1
_

6

7

3

3
3

1

3
3

1
1

-

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M AC HI NE ) -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

78.00
75.00
82.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A CH IN E) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

70
65

39.5
39.5

62.00
60.00

62.50
62.00

5 6 .5 0 - 66.00
5 5 . 5 0 - 64.50

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

92
34
58

39.0
40.0
38.5

86.50
87.50
85.50

87.00
89.00
85.50

7 2 . 5 0 - 98.50
7 5 .0 0 - 95.50
7 1 .0 0 - 99.50

MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

294
44
250

39.5
38.5
39.5

66.50
76.00
64.50

59.50
81.00
58.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3--------------------------

22 8
99
129
47

39.0
96.50
39.0 105.50
39.0
89.00
39.5
97.50

96.00
105.50
88.00
97.00

~

~

8
1
7

3
l
2

_

_

~

“

16
16

6
6

29
29

9
9

1
1

4
4

_

_
~

_

~

_
“

~

2
2

10
10

23
9
14

2
2
~

3
3

16
8
8

7
7
■
“

5 5 .5 0 - 76.00
6 8 . 0 0 - 84.50
5 5 .0 0 - 65.50

4
4

1

61
7
54

93
93

36
1
35

18
5
13

7
1
6

7
5
2

17
16
l

22
2
20

7
7

84 .50 -1 0 6 .5 0
94 .00 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 97.00
92 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

l
1
~

2
2

16
16
4

13
2
11

28
2
26

33
18
15

15
4
11
10

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le ,




-

“

"

"

4

"

'

1

_
-

1

_

_

1

-

-

15
15
~

18
14
4
4

43
8
35
17

3
3
”

20

_

20

8
7
1
1

4
4
-

~

_

_

_

-

-

19
15
4
4

-

-

-

3
3
“

3
3
3

4
4
-

~

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , L o u is v il l e , K y. —Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1

N um ber

( s ta n d a rd )
A v e ra g e
w e e k ly
h o u rs1
( s ta n d a rd )

N um ber

Sex,

occupation,

and industry

division

of
w o r k e rs

40
M e d ia n 2
m

and
un d er

M i d d le r a n g e 2

*“ 2

45
WOMEN

-

45

5 C

55

~

6 C

65

of w o r k e r s

70

75

80

~

50

55

receiving

$
7 2 .0 0

$
7
6
6
8

60

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0

9 2 .5 0

65

7C

75

80

l i e

3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

6 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 7 . 5 0 6 6 . 5 0 5 6 .5 0 -

7 9 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

3 8.5
3 6.5

5 4 . 0U
5 3 .5 0

5 4 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

5 0 . 5C5 0 . 5C-

5 6 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

17
17

101
10
91
15

85

2
15

6 9 . CO7 2 .5 0 6 6 . 0 0 -

8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

5

20

31

40

1

9

11
20

21

26
24

19

6 0 . 5 0 6 4 . 5 0 5 5 . 0C-

95

69
26

80

27
25

43
3

70

ICC

of—

105

1C5

110

110

5 4 . 5C-

115

-

115

120

L C

-

125

-

125

130

130

a

135140

n
140

135

d
over

7 7 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
7 2.00

215

39.5
39. 5
3 9 .0

7 6.00
8 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

7 4 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

5 6 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

4 0 .0

9 2.00
8 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S ,
C L A S S B -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------

316
127
191
40

3
3
3
3

7
7
6
7

O F F I C E G I R L S --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N U N M A N U F AC T U R I N G -------------------------------

86

39.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0

5 8 .5 0

3 7
45

S E C R E T A R I E S -----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N C ---------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

1 , C7C
58C
49 C

3 5.5
39.o
3 9.0

9
9
8
9

.0
.5
.0
.0

1
7
6
8

.5
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

7
7
6
7

0
9
5
3

.
.
.
.

5
5
0
5

-

5 7 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

5 4 . 0 0 -

5 9 .5 0

5 9 .5 0
5 8 .0 0

5 6 .0 0 5 2 . 5C-

6 1 .5 0
5 9 . GO

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 . uu

9 6 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0

3 5 . C G—1 0 9 . 0 0
8 9 . 0 0 - l l u . 0 0

92 .00
1C8.00

d l . 0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0
9 4 . 5 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
6 5 . 0 0 6 3 .5 0
4 d . 5 J — 8 3 .9 0

1&0

3 9.5

734

3 9.5

7o . 00

7 3. j 0

----------------------------------------

32 8
406
149

39.5
39.0

7 7.00

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------

7 3 .0 0
6 9 . 5u

STENOGRAPHERS,
S E N I O R ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------

5C5
285
220

LtNERAL

MANUFACTURING

OPERATORS,

CLASS

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




A4

2

a

6 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

5 8 . 0C - 7 5 .0 0
6 1 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

11

6
5

-

12
-

l

-

12

1

63

1

4
4

-

1

1

11 1
1

11

13

10

3
3

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

3

_
-

-

4

1

3

3

1

-

-

91 . 5 0

4 0 .0
39.0

iZ.ijQ
9 L.uO

9 2 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

3 0 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
8 6 . 5 0 9 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0 -1 1 7.00

4 0.0

8 6 .0 0

86 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 -

9 9 .5 0

3

-

5
5

5
5

-

l

14

34
16
18

16

13

11

l 7
17

2

20

ll

ll

8

5

3

8

31

17
2
15
4

49
4
45
5

44
14
30
7

39
14
25
1

42
19
23
5

25
12
13
2

56
53
3
1

5
2
3
3

17
l
16

23
4
19

43
23
20

8
5
3

1
1

2
2

_
-

2
2

_

_

1

“

"

1

2

10

60
21
39
7

71
27
44
10

1 09
45
64
4

118
61
57
6

114
78
36
14

97
51
46

79
45
34
20

147
106
41
15

11
10
1

11

7
5
2

33

~

i

142
124

28
19

12
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

44
33
11
11

46
20
26
24

2C
15
5
5

12
2
10
1C

17
3
14
6

_
-

_

-

-

_
“

_
-

29
6

16
4

4

1

1

-

-

-

3

_
-

-

2

10

19
3
16

35
1
34

46
7
39

6

96
37
59
10

129
57
72
21

77
42
35
10

64
35
29
11

149
103
46
17

40
22
18

l

-

9 1 .50

4
1

3

-

3 9.6

8
7

2

4

3 9.5

28
3
25

29

0 2.0 0 6 3. 50
7 C . 0 0 - lu 8 .5 0

7 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

8 4 .5 0

17

o l . ( . 0 - 1 0 8 . CO
6 1 . 0 0 6 9 . 5 0 -

-----------------------

U T I L I T I t S 3-------------------------

20

1C

17

3
3

7 9 . 5 0 - 1 0 7 . 0 0
7 7 . 5 0 9 6 .0 0

0
0
0
0

9 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0

10

2

7 0.00

7 9 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

6 1 .5 0

10

8 9 .0 0
8 9 .5 0
8 8 .0 0

3 9.5
39.5
3 9.0

S w I T CHECARC

ICO

-

90

2

234
136
96

38.5

6

2

CLERKS,

4 0. C
3 9.5

7
l

10

5 4 . 5 0 5 8 . 0 0 5 3. 5 0 -

27

13
7

19

6 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 3.0 0

PUBLIC

95

earnings

~

1
12

21
2

6 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

134
62
72

24

10

40 . U
3 9.5
40. 0

CUPL ICAT I N C - M A C F I N E O PE R A T O RS
( M I M E C G R A P F U R D I T T O ) -----------------------

25

22
12

17C
37
133

9 3
126

19

84

7 6.50
9 6 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

C L E R K S , O R D E R -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------NC NMANuFACTURI NG —

C OMPTUMEIER O PER ATO RS
MANUFACTURING —
NCNMANUFACTURING

12

45
16

4
4

85
74

P A Y R O L L -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N U N M A N U F AC T U R I N G —

40

27
24

C
—

CLERKS,
FILE,
CLASS
NUNMANUFACTORING

0
0
0
0

78
3
75
14

12

STENOGRAPHERS,

90

85

7 5. C O -1 1 8 .00

39. C
39.5

0 0 0 0 5 0 50-

58

26

A

1 .
9 .
8 .
7.

58

146
28

CLASS

0
0
0
0

22

--------------

FILE,

0
5
0
5

22

CLERKS,
FILE,
C L A S S B -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------N C N M A N U H A C T O R I NG —

U T I L I T I E S 3---------------

3 8 . C
3 6.5

.
.
.
.

$
8 4 .5
9 3 .5
8 1 .0
8 8 .0

3 8 .0
3 9.5

8 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
7 9.00

1
1
8
3

$
6
6
5
6

732
181
551
165

CLfcRKS,

85

~

w e ek ly

CUNTI NUEU

CLERKS,
ACCOUNTING, C L A S S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------NON M A N U F AC T U K I N G -------------------P U 6 L IC

straigh t-tim e

-

1

22
5

35
12

27
2

42
15

63

22
20

-

1

-

30

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

ll

ll

6
5

13
1
12
12

-

3

33

44
36
8
8
14

61
34
27
9
17

-

3

33

14
14

14
14

6
6

31
31

23

-

_

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , February 1965)
W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1
( s t a n d a rd )
N um ber
of
w o r k e rs

Number of w orkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
!
%

A ve ra g e
w e e k ly

i
1

$

$

$

S

i1

1;

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

$

S

$

t

WOMEN -

(s ta n d a rd )

5C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

14C

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

over

14
14

8
a

42
7
35

7
7

16
16

19
1
18

15
1
14

8
6
2

7
7

“

4
2
2

9
1
8

3
2
1

-

1
l

-

-

-

19
4
15

20
~
20

79
43
36

21
7
14

19
10

25
17

7
6

8
7

8
2

7
7

1
1

-

1
1

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

“

"

“

~

9

8

1

1

6

-

-

14
14

9
9

6
6

5
3

l
1

4
2

12
11

9
~

1
1

3
“

~

2
~

~

"

16
16

-

“

5
5

“

-

-

~

~

“

40
M ean1
2

M e d ia n 2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

and
under

and

CONTINUED

SW ITChBOARD OPERATORS! CLASS 8 4------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NQNMANUFACTCRING ------------------------------

153
28
125

40.0
38.0
40.5

$
64.00
77.50
61.00

$
62.00
79.50
59.50

$
$
5 2 . 0 0 - 73.00
5 7 . 5 0 - 85.00
5 1 .5 0 - 69.00

SWITCHUOARO OPERATOR-RECEPIION ISTSMANUFAC TU RIN G ---------------------------------------- — -------NONMANUFAC TUR ING -

218
108
110

39.5
39.5
39.5

68.50
73.00
64.00

64.50
70.00
63.00

6 1 .DO- 76.00
6 2 .S C - 80.50
5 8 . 00— 69. 50

_

-

-

-

TAEULATING-MACFINE OPERA TGRS t
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

82
63

38.0
37.0

87.50
86.00

86.00
75.00

64.00- 1 02 .00
6 1 . 0 0 - 135.50

-

TABULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS!
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------

32

38.0

68.50

66.50

6 0 . GO- 78.00

-

-

3

5

6

8

1

3

l

2

1

2

TRANSCRIBINC-MACHINE OPERATORS!
GENERAL---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

158
55
103

39.5
39.0
39.5

80.00
80.00
80.00

76.00
76.00
75.00

6 8 . 0 0 - 95.00
6 9 .0 0 - 100.50
6 7 . 0 0 - 95.00

-

l
l

8
1
7

8
1
7

5
5

30
16
14

24
6
18

21
16
5

5
5

7
1
6

10
10

10
10

24
14
10

~

-

TYPISTS! CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3--------------------------

185
151
34
24

39.5
39.0
40.0
40.0

81.50
80.00
88.00
94.00

81.00
80.50
87.00
92.50

7 2 . CO- 87.50
7 1 . 50- 84.50
7 4 . 0 0 - 107.00
8 2 . CO- 109.00

_
-

-

-

2
2
-

16
16
“

17
9
8
2

32

48
45

15
7
8
4

4

~

17
14
3
3

1
1

13
12
1
1

5
5
~

12
6
6
6

3
3
3

1
1
1

“

-

-

-

”

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFAC TURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

516
157
359
51

39.0
39.5
38.5
40.0

63.50
70.00
61.00
76.50

61.00
68.00
57.50
72.00

54.GO6 2 . 00 5 3 . DO6 2 . 50-

6
6

90
19
71
8

75
31
44
11

62
34
28
4

41
7
34
7

51
41
10
7

15
1
14

9
7
2
2

1
1
-

1
1
-

6
6
-

12
12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

71.00
77.00
67.00
90.00

18
18

-

129
9
120

32

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

~

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than
the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage

straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and
by industry division,

earnings for selected occupations studied
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , F e b r u a r y 1 9 6 5 )

W e e k l y e a r n in g s 1

Number of workers r eceiving straight- ■time weekly earnings of-

(s ta n d a rd )
N um ber

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
w o r k e rs

$

A ve ra g e
w e e k ly
h o u rs1
(s ta n d a rd '

Under
M e d ia n 1
2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

on an a r e a b asis

k

8C

k

^
and
under

$

85

$

90

k

95

S
105

k

$

&

no

ii5

S

120

$

125

k

130

$

S

135

140

$

145

15C
and

l 05

9C

95

-

-

~

~

20
20

5
5

11

4

85

ICC

1 0 0

l 10

-

12
12

3

17

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

3
3

15
15

12
7

22
2C

30
3C

3
3

7
5

4

_

2

150 over

MEN

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS B 3 -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------------------------

142
133

$
$
$
$
40.0 125.00 131.00 1C5.50-138.00
4 0 . G 124.00 131.00 1 0 8 .5 0 - 1 3 8 .GO

WOMEN

NURSES, IN CUSTR IAL (REGISTE RED ! -------UAKiiic Arm.) (Mr
HAIN r AL 1UK 1IN — — ■
U
.
U — —■
— — —— —
— —




1
2
3

57

39.5

103.00

106.00

.9 3 .0 0 - 1 1 2 . 5 0
94 .50-111.00

1
1

4

3
3

S tan d ard h o u rs reflec t the w o r k w e e k for w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th eir r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la ri e s
F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
D e s c r i p t i o n f o r th is o c c u p a tio n h a s b e e n r e v i s e d s i n c e the l a s t s u r v e y in th is a r e a .
See appendix A.

and the

earnings

1
1

co rrespond

to th e s e

w eekly hours.

17
16

3
2

9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s , f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n , L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
Average

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE

BILLERS,

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard] (standard)
Weekly

(BILLING

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------MACHINE

101
53
48

3 9.5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

$
8 0 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
d 6 .0 0

27

39.5

------------------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE O PER AT O RS,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------- —
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

O C C U PA TIO N S

CLERKS,
A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

ACCOUNTING,

CLASS

B

-------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

PU8LIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------------------

70
65

3 9.5
3 9 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

NCNMANUFACTURING

53
34
59

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8.5

8 6 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0

297
44

3 9 .5
3 8.5

253

3 9 .5

435
232
207

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9.5

88
881
254
62 7
211

4 0 . C
3
3
3
3

8
9
8
8

.
.
.
.

5
5
0
5

6 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
1 0 b . 00
1 1 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 0 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 7 . OC
7 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

34
25

3 9 . C
3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

CLERKS,
FILE,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .------------------------------------------

15C
31
115

39. C
3 9 .5
3 9 . C

6 9 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

38.5
3 8 .5

5 4 .0 0
5 3 . 5C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0. C

7 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

C -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

85
74

C L E R K S , O R D E R ----------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

238
65
165

CLERKS,
FILE,
CLASS
NCNMANUFACTURI NG

165

101
25

53
126

---------------

OUPL I C A T I N C - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R S
( M I M E C C R A P F OR D I T T O ) -----------------

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
8
8
7
9

3 .0 0
6 .0 0
7 . 5C
0 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------

OFFICE
B O Y S ANC G I R L S M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----PUBLIC

40

UT I L I T I E S 2-

42

3 9 .5
3 9.5

1 1 9 .0 0
1 19.00

9 2 .5 0

TABULATING-MACFINE GPERATCRS,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------------------------

166

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

71
95

38.5
3 9.5

9 4 .0 0
1 00 .0 0

3 7.5

8 9 .0 0

56
25
31

3 8.5
3 9.0
38.5

8 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

158

39.5

8 9 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

3
3
3
3

9 . C
9 .5
8. 0
9 .0

NCNMANUFACTURI NG

3 9 . C
3 9. C
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

--------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

3 .5 0
5 .0 0
2 . 5C
0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MAChINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

103

39.0
39. 5

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

A

---------------------------------------------------

8 1.50

---------------------------------------------------

185
151
34
24

3 9.5

MANUFACTURING

39. u
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 0 • 0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 4 . OU

39. C
3 9.5
38.5

6 4 .0 0
7G.00
6 1.50
7 8 . UO

NCNMANUFACTURI NG

9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0

734

3
3
3
3

7
7
7
8

6
7
5
8

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

CLASS

N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------TYPISTS,
C L A S S 8 --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

STENCCRAPHERS,
S E N I O R -----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

5C5
285

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

220

3 9 . C

9 1 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
9 1 . CO

A 3 ----------

28

4 0 . C

8 6 .0 0

CLASS

4 0 .0

B 3 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

146
137

4 0 .0
40. C

1 2 4 .5 0
124.00

NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL
( R E G I S T E R E D ) -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

59

39.5

52

39.5

1 0 4 .0 0
1C5.50

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S 2 -----------------------------------ANC

TECH N ICAL

CCC UPATICN S

DRAFTSMEN,
CLASS
MANUFACTURING

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their re gular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




55

521
157
364
56

P R O F ESSIO N A L

OPERATORS,

7 4 .5 0

7 8 .5 0
6
6
6
8

39. 5

9.5
9 .5
9 . u
9. 5

OPERATORS,

MANUFACTURINC

TYPISTS,

SW I T C F B G A R C

------------------------------------------

7 1 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 8 .0 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
39. 5

32 8
4G6
145

6 8 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

5C
39

581
458
168

STENOGRAPHERS,
C - t N E R A L --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------P U B L I C UT I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------------------

39.5
3 9.5
39.5

218
108

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 7 5

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------

LIC

------------------------------------------

6 4 .0 0

4 0 . G

231
91
140

$
6 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

3 8 .5
4 0 . C
39. 5

318
127
151

4 0 .0
3 b . 5
4 0 .5

159

S W I T C H E C A R C U P E R A T O R - R E C EP T I C M S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACFINE
O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

C O NTIN UED

31
128

NONMANUFACTURING

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

7 6 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

72

KEYPUNCH

-

Number
of
workers

39.5
3 9.5
3 9 .0

66

--------------------

O C C U PA TIO N S

S k l T C H B C A K C O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B3 ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------------------

30
138

KEYPUNCH O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------

Occupation and industry division

O FFIC E

2 £6

215

C O M P T O M E T E R O P E R A T O R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

A -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,
FILE,
CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

\verage

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CO N T IN U ED

CLERKS,
P A Y R O L L ----------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------

NCNMANUFACTURING
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

-

Number
of
workers

8 8 .5 0

( BCQKKEEPING

NCNMANUFACTURI NG

Average

Occupation and industry division

O FFIC E

O CCU PATIO NS

MACHINE

M A C H I N E ) ----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

BILLERS,

Number
of
workers

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , L o u is v ille , K y . — n d . , F e b r u a r y 1965)
I
N um ber

Hourly earnings 1

of w o r k e rs

re c e iv in g

stra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

earn in gs

of—

and in d u stry

d iv isio n

,5C

1 nder
U
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

163
145

$
3 .2 9
3 .3 1

$
3 .3 9
3 .3 9

$
3 .2 3 3 .2 5 -

$
3 .5 5
3 .5 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIE S 3--------------

517
414
103
98

3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ------------------

155
127
28

3 .2 7
3 .3 1
3 .0 8

3 .3 5
3 .3 7
2 .9 9

3 .0 3 3 .1 3 2 .8 1 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 4
3 .2 9

~

~

~

~

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

296
276

2 .8 4
2 .8 9

2 .9 8
2 .9 9

2 .3 9 2 .5 9 -

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

8
-

23
23

-

hELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES MANUFACTURING------------------------

223
122

2 .5 3
2 .6 4

2 .4 9
2 .7 3

2 .3 7 2 .5 0 -

2 .7 9
2 .8 3

1
-

1
1

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE--------MANUFACTURING-----------------------

543
52 8

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .4 3
3 .4 3

3 .3 4 3 .3 4 -

3 .5 3
3 .5 2

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE)---------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NCNMANUFACTCRING ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIE S 3-------------

481
155
326
253

3
3
3
3

3
3
3
3

2
2
2
3

7 2 7 4 -

3 .4 4
3 .3 8
3 .4 7
3 .5 5

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----MANUFACTURING -----------------

896
865

3 .3 0
3 .3 1

3 .3 8
3 .3 9

3 .0 5 3 .0 6 -

3 .5 4
3 .5 5

-

MILLWRIGHTS
MANUFACTURING

148
148

3 .3 3
3 .3 3

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 .3 1 3 .3 1 -

3 .6 0
3 .6 0

-

OILERS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------

25C
241

2 .7 4
2 .7 5

2 .7 4
2 .7 5

2 .5 6 2 .5 5 -

2 .8 6
2 .8 7

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ----------------

167
156

3 .1 9
3 .2 3

3 .2 5
3 .2 6

3 .0 4 3 .1 1 -

3 .5 2
3 .5 3

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING---------------

387
387

3 .4 7
3 .4 7

3 .5 3
3 .5 3

3 .3 6 3 .3 6 -

3 .5 8
3 .5 8

81
81

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 .2 4 3 .2 4 -

3 .5 5
3 .5 9

316
316

3 .6 9
3 .6 9

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

3 .6 6 3 .6 6 -

3 .7 7
3 .7 7

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------TCOL ANC DIE MAKERS------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------

E x c lu d es

p rem iu m

p ay fo r o v e rtim e

.0
.0
.1
.2

9
7
0
5

.5
.5
.3
.3

.2
.2
.2
.3

0
6
9
9

3
9
0
4

.7
.8
.7
.0

1
0
3
4

and for w o rk on w eekends,

F o r d e f i n i t i o n o f t e r m s , s e e f o o t n o t e 2, t a b l e A - l .
T ran sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u tilitie s .




.3
.3
.3
.3

-

.6
.6
.4
.4

$
3 .9 0

3 .7 C

3 .8 C

3 .9 C

over

54
54

23
23

5
7
5
5

h o lid a ys,

$
3 .8 0

and

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANLFACTUR I N G ------------------------

4
7
2
7

$
3 .7 0

and
under

1 .8 0

.4
.4
.3
.3

I
3 .6 C

.60

O c c u p a tio n

Number
of
workers

30
26

29
24
5

42
40

2
2

85
43
42
42

54

10
10

~

~

3
2
1

-

2
2
~

4
4

6
4
2

4
4

15
11
4

16
12
4

3
3
~

10
7
3

32
32
~

-

37
37

l

6

5
4

6
6

4

_

-

3
3

71
71

23
23

4
4

5
5

96
96

1
1

4

14
14

25
~

14
5

58
1C

7
7

17
15

30
30

44
32

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

~

~

~

~

5
5

3
1

26
26

_

~

7
7

22
22

1
1

15
15

146
146

_

18
18

_

_

-

-

5
5
-

2
2

4
3
1

32
28
4
2

13
13
8

66
66
44

21
20
1
1

24
7
17
5

14
14
9

30
4
26
20

44
12
32
32

-

~

27
20

10
10

37
37

109
109

46
40

7
4

1
1

14
14

-

-

15
15

6
6

-

-

-

“

-

-

8

7
6

3
3

81
81

104
104

39
39

5

35
35

-

7
7

-

-

-

~

-

27
26

_

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

~

_
-

16
15

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

“

_

“

-

-

-

3
3

1
1

17
17

“

73
73

14
5

46
46

54
54

10
10

16
16

_

*
-

2

-

-

3

-

16
14

13
12

3
3

2
-

1

7

6
6

6
6

5
9

_

-

-

-

“

-

and la te

-

-

-

sh ifts.

-

-

1
1

-

-

~

“

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

“

16
16

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

8
5
3
_

-

4
4

145
145

143
13C

11
11

63
49
14
14

65
10
55
55

17
17
"

63
63
63

46
40

180
180

32
24

372
3 72

_

14
14

15
15

48
48

-

_

_

-

_

3
3

-

-

-

~

19
19

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

_

_

-

-

35
35

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

23
23

14
14

-

9
9

7
7

1
l

-

40
40

2C7
207

10
10

14
14

3
3

5C
50

-

2
1

_

36
36

62
62

5
5

2 C2
2C2

24
24

8
a

9
9

_

3C
30

23
23

21
21

3

_
-

_

-

27
27

3

-

_

25
25

6

_

-

8
8

6

~

-

8
8

-

-

5
5
-

34
34

_

_

_

2
2

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , L o u is v ille , K y. —
Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
.7 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$

$

$
1 .1 C

i

$

%

1. 3C

$
1.. 4 0

$

1 .2 0

1. 50

1 .6 0

$
1 .7 0

$
1 .8 0

$
1,. 9 0

$
2 . . CC

2 .1 0

2 .2 C

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

2 .60

1
2 .6 0

$
3 .0 C

$
3 .2 C

3 .9 0

1. 40

1.. 5 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2.. 1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 C

2 .6 0

2 .8 C

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

over

71
23
48

31
18
13

27

3
-

12
-

l l
10
1

32
19
13

31
14
17

61
45
16

182
171

25
25

-

9
32

135
135

12

19
10
9

41

3

-

6

-

-

-

10

-

-

-

3

45

135

125

25

.80

.9 0

$
1 .0 0

.9 0

1 .0 0

1 .1 0

1 .2 C

1 .3 0

-

26
26

5

12
12

and
under
.8 0

and

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSEhGER
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

47
47

$
1 .1 2
1.1 2

$
1.1 6
1.16

$
$
1 . 11- 1 . 2 1
1 . 11- 1 .2 1

GUARCS ANC WATCHMEN-----------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1, C 17
499
5i e

2.03
2.57
1.51

2 .1 0
2.74
1.26

1 .2 8 - 2.75
2 . 4 1 - 2.92
1 .2 4 - 1.58

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

GUARCS:
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

2.77

2.65-

-

-

-

9
9

2
-

318
-

14
3

2

318

11

15
12

11

~

-

2
2

~

~

355

2.75

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

144

2.13

2.15

1 .5 5 - 2.82

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

23

12

15

-

-

-

1C

19

9

11

-

-

42

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------------------

2,C7C
1,126
944
160

1.90
2.3 C
1.41
2.09

2.02
2.40
1.29
2.28

1 .3 2 - 2.43
2 . 11 - 2.62
1 . 1 4 - 1.54
1 .5 9 - 2.36

-

17
-

76
-

43
-

225
-

131
-

164
20
144

30
9

125
119
6

128
74
54

288
272
16

284
284
-

10
10
-

2

-

-

~

~

14

4

26

“

~

~

145
97
48
40

_

131

56
37
19

-

225

51
26
25

2
-

43

48
42
6

67
65

76

88
7
81

39

17

83
43
4C

5 3

16

_

~

2

~

524
166
358
25

1.45
1.95
1 .2 2
1.56

1.27
1.97
1.23
1.40

1 .2 0 - 1.85
1 . 8 6 - 2.26
1 . 1 6 - 1.28
1 . 3 5 - 1.49

215
23
192

25

2
2

7
7

14
9
5
5

11
11

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

l 3

21
4
17
7

18

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------------------

_

_

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------------------

2,567
2,113
474
205

2.44
2.43
2.50
3.04

2.48
2.47
2.54
3.16

2 . 2 4 - 2.71
2 . 2 5 - 2.69
2 . 0 4 - 3.14
2 . 6 9 - 3.22

25
7

10
9

123
-

65
-

123
87

65
65

ORCER
F I L L E R S --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

873
350
523

2.39
2.62
2.23

2.51
2.57
2.50

2 . 2 8 - 2.58
2 . 4 5 - 2.82
2 . 0 2 - 2.55

-

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

696
598
98

2.40
2.49
1.79

2.52
2.54
2 .0 0

2 . 3 4 - 2.61
2 . 4 3 - 2.63
1 . 3 6 - 2.10

-

-

_
-

~

-

~

PACKERS,

(WOMEN)-----------------

112

1.81

1.44

1.28-

2.57

-

-

-

RECEIVING CLERKS-----------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NONMANUF AC TURING------------------------------

275
168
1C7

2.39
2.62
2.03

2.49
2.67
2.04

2 . 0 6 - 2.74
2 . 4 4 - 2.92
1 . 6 7 - 2.48

_
-

_
. -

_
-

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------------------

7C
54

2.62
2.64

2.58
2.60

2 . 5 2 - 2.89
2 . 5 2 - 2.98

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS --------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

66
28
36

2.43
2.38
2.47

2.56
2.36
2.59

2 . 2 4 - 2.71
2 . 2 3 - 2.66
2 . 2 8 - 2.75

TRUCK CP I VERS 5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES 4 --------------------------

1,778
572
1 , 2 C6
7C8

2.73
2.75
2.72
2.89

2.73
2.75
2.60
3.20

2 . 3 5 - 3.21
2 . 5 7 - 3.10
2 . 2 6 - 3.24
2 . 2 8 - 3.25

JANITCRS,

2.95

-

PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS

SHIPPING

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f table.




98
29
69

1.90
2.33
1.72

1.85
2.46
1 .6 6

1.4 6- 2.42
2 . 0 5 - 2.57
1 .2 7 - 2.20

3
3

_

-

-

-

30
-

15
-

7 3
-

~

30

15

73

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

-

52
52

2
23

18

l

~

38
36
2

_

:

:

l 7
15

44
37
7

2

6
6

54
54

:

:

136
115

30
29

22
22

67
32
35

1C1
96

334
333

166
144

5

1

22

_

_

_

26C
26C
-

_
-

~

3 3
435
159
280

52

104

_

-

-

52

104

-

-

-

4
4

7
2

-

1

9

_

10

25

29

58

18

28

2 l

15

9

~

10

25

29

58

18

28

53
35
18

_
-

6
4
2

_
-

7
5

7

12
9
3

28
2
26

21
9
12

31
27
4

65
62
3

295
251
4

173
173

~

-

-

-

5

1

14

2 3

-

-

~

-

37
16

5
1

45
30
15

46

55
55

4
4

-

_
-

21

15
14
1

63

4

4
1
3

_

_

3

27
18

6
2

12
12

12
12

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

425
54
3 71

6 0

12

258
138
120

60

~

6 9

371

“

9

27

2

1
6

-

2

31

15

21

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

4

_
-

4

_
-

29

_
-

8

25
17

15

~

4

-

4

—
29

-

8
2
6

-

_

61

-

39
3

61

36

13

_

18
3
15

6

1

2

2

14

5

-

-

-

42
42

9

14

5

-

9

_

14

~

13

~

6

~

14

_

1

5

7
7

~

642
6 17

21

-

8

383
54

12

27

8

477

8
8
~

~

9

-

~

~

-

8

_

18

-

6

-

~

-

6

-

_

~

1C
10

-

4

-

21
3

-

~

2
1

2

12

-

-

-

5

-

9
5

18

~

5
5

7
6

1 1

23

5

-

-

1

_
-

7
6

1

~

1

1 1

10
13

1
4

6

21

29

-

3
18
18

206
4

38
26

202
198

21
12

2 2C
187
33

6

1

6

_

-

-

-

~

6

_

3

319
1C4
215
39

4
4

10

19

l

~

9

13
6

1

3
1

2

~

1
1

2
2

“

' -

-

_

_

-

~

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, Louisville, K y . —
Ind. , February 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
2
4
3

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

$

.80

.90

1.00

1. 1C

1.20

1.3C

1.4C

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.C C

2.10

2.20

2.3U

2.40

2.8C

3. 0C

3. 2C

.80

.90

1.00

1.10

1 . 2 C 1.30

1.4C

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2 . 6 C 2 . 6 C 3.00

3.20

3.40 over

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

~

39
3
36

-

~

48
48

-

~

.70

Occupation1 and industry division

$

*

$

*

$

*

$

$

$
2.60

3.4C

under

TRUCK OH IV E R S 56 - CONTINUED
TRUCKCK I V E R S , MEDIUM < 1 - 1 / 2 TC
ANL I NC LU DI NG 4 T C N S ) ---------------M ANu FACTUR ING -----------------------------NQNMANUFACTURI NG -------------------------

634
172
46 2

2.39
3.03
2.15

2.29
3. l b
2.26

2.213.112.18-

2.81
3.22
2.52

TRUCKCK I V E R S , h E AV Y (C VE R 4 TCNS
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) -----------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------------------NC NMA NUF ACT URI NG -------------------------

487
8*,
4C3

3.15
2.81
2.23

3.16
2.85
3.19

2.602.572.91-

3.25
3.05
3.27

T R U C K E R S , PURER ( F O R K L I F T ) -----------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------NCNMANUF ACT URI NG -------------------------

1,318
1,14 1
177

2.6 C
2.60
2.62

2.69
2.59
2.59

2.422.402.54-

2.82
2.84
2.66

T R U C K E R S , PORER ( G T F E R THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------------M AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------

123
78

2.62
2.60

2.48
2.58

2.282.43-

2.76
2.83

“

-

1 Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
3

F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s ,

s e e footnote 2, ta b le A - l .

4 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 Includes all d rivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
6 All workers were at $ 4. 20 to $ 4. 40.




-

12
3
9

-

~

21
3
18

202
202

9
7
2

122
3
119

14
9
5

10
10

98
84
14

50
5C

-

~

~

“

90

-

13
4
9

24
12
12

138
32
106

130
4
126

394
310
84

247
187
60

328
328

18
18

28
28

~

44
26

12
8

28
28

-

122
32

6
6

1
1

42
42

1
1

21
21

_

14
5
9

58
58
~

161
155
6

3

35
15

-

-

_

_

-

6 60
6C
“

_

_
-

13

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Louisville, K y .— d ., F ebru ary 1965)
In
In exp erien ced typists
M an u factu rin g
M inim um w eek ly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o r k e r s 2

A ll
schedules

M an u factu rin g

N o nma nufa c tu r i ng
A ll
in d u strie s

B a s e d on stan dard w eekly h ou rs 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

40

A ll
schedules

A ll
sch edu les

40

N on m an ufacturin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w e e k ly h ou rs 3 of—
40

A ll
schedules

40

E sta b lish m e n ts studied------------------ — ---------------------------------------

137

63

XXX

74

XXX

137

63

XXX

74

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a sp e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------------

45

27

20

18

10

63

31

24

32

20

00------------------ — -------- — - —
50—
— — — —
00---------------------------------------------------50-------------------------------- ----- —
00---------------------------------------------------50---------------------------------------------------00---------------------------------------------------50---------------------------------------------------00---------------------------------------------------50---------------------------------------------------00---------------------------------------------------50---------------------------------------------------00 ----------------------------------------------50----------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------50----------------------------------------------00----------------------------------------------50-------------------------------------------------- —
00—
—

1
2
2
11
4
2
6
4
2

-

-

-

6
1

1
4
2
20
3
6
9
5
2

-

2
3
1
2
3
2

1
2
2
8
1

-

3
3
2
3
4
2

4
2
3
7
4
2

3
2
2
3
3
2

1
4
2
16
1
3
2
1
1

13
1
1
2
1
1

-

-

$ 4 2 . 50
$ 45. 00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57. 50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00
$ 87. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n der
un d er
under
under
u n der
under
under
under
under
u n der
u n der
u n der
under
under
under
u n der
under
under
under

$ 45.
$ 47.
$ 50.
$ 52.
$ 55.
$ 57.
$ 60.
$ 62.
$ 65.
$ 67.
$ 70.
$ 72.
$ 75.
$ 77.
$ 80.
$ 82.
$ 85.
$ 87.
$ 90.

-

-

-

2
4

2
4

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

2
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

1
3

-

-

-

-

1
4
1

1
3
1

1
3
1

-

-

-

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

-

E sta b lish m e n ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im u m ---------------------

28

12

XXX

16

XXX

36

18

E sta b lish m e n ts w h ich did not em p lo y w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o ry ------------------------------------------------------------------------

64

24

XXX

40

XXX

38

14

1
1

1

-

-

XXX

18

XXX

XXX

24

XXX

1

1

3

3

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regu lar straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger or office g irl.
Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweek reported.




1

14




T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t w o r k e r s b y type and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
L o u is v ille , K y .—I n d , , F e b r u a r y 1965)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa c tu rin g plan t w o r k e r s —
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 fo r —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

A c t u a lly w o rk in g on—

Second sh ift
w o rk

T o t a l— — — — -------------------

_

_

— —

W ith sh ift p a y d if f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------------

T h ir d o r o th er
sh ift w o r k

9 5 .3

8 7 .4

18. 8

4. 8

9 3 .3

8 7 .4

1 8 .4

4. 8
3. 6
.2
. 5

Second sh ift

U n ifo r m cen ts (p e r h o u r ) ---------------------------------

6 4 .9

59. 1

12. 1

5 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s _____________ ___ _______________ ___
_
7 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n t s ----- —
----- — — 8 c e n t s --------- ------------------------------------ 8 V2 c e n t s _______________________________________
1 0 c e n ts —
- —
----- — --------- -----1 1 c e n ts _ _ ___ ___________ __________ ___ __
_ _
_
_
1 2 c e nt s ——_ — —
_
—_——
__________ —
1 3 c e n ts —— ——— ———
__________ __ ____
_
137a c e n ts -------------------------------------- ----134/ s c e n ts ---------------------------------------------14 c e n ts - --------- — — ----------- -------15 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------16 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------17 c e n ts—
— — — __ _ ------ —
18 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------1 9 c e n ts ----------------------------------------------------------2 0 c e n ts----------------------------------------------------------28% c e n ts -------------------------------------------------------

9 .4
2. 5
1.7
1. 8
8. 0

1. 0
2. 5
14. 5
1.7
6. 7

T h ir d o r o th er
shift

2 .9
.8
. 1
.6
1. 1
. 1
3. 3
1 . 6
.3
.7
. 5
-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ------------------------------------------5 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------------8 p e r c e n t -------------------------------------------------------1 0 p e rc e n t -------------------------------------------------------

.6

23. 0
10 . 6
2 . 1

-

-

.6

2 .4
1 .2

1. 7
“
2 1 .9
4. 1
2 . 6
15. 1

1 .4
15.7
5. 2
2 .7
1 . 1
3. 8
2 .4
2 1

.

8

2 1 .8

F u l l d a y 's p ay f o r re d u c e d h o u r s -------------------

.7

.7

O th er f o r m a l p a y d if f e r e n t ia l--------------------------

5 .8

5 .8

W ith no sh ift p ay d if f e r e n t i a l -------------------------------

2

.

0

-

.

2

-

. 1
.3
.9
. 1
. 3
. 1
.4
.4

4. 3

.6

.3
1 . 0
3. 0

.

.

-

2

1 .8

6

. 5

.4

1
In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te sh ifts , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s
e v en though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e ra tin g la te sh ifts.

c o v e r in g la te

sh ifts

15

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by scheduled w eek ly h ou rs
of fi r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
O FF IC E W O R K ER S

P LA N T WORKERS

W eek ly h ou rs
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s --------------

-------------

-----------------------------

34 h o u r s ------------------------- ------- ----------------------------35 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 35 and u n d er 37*/2 h o u r s ----------------------------37 1/ z h o u r s ---------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 7 V 2 and u n d er 40 h o u r s ----------------------------40 h o u r s ________________________________________________
O v e r 40 and u n der 44 h o u r s — — -----------------------44 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 44 and u n der 48 h o u r s ----------------------------------48 h o u r s ------------------------------------ ----------------------------50 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------------

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

3
1
11

_

19

'4

_

81

81

87

92

_
_

_

3

-

5

_
_

2
3
3
1

-

_

3
-

1
2

100

3
4

2
13
8
67
1
2
( 4)
( 4)
( 4)

_

( 4)

( 4)
1
8
( 4)
78

1 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; finance, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s.
3 Includes d ata fo r w h o le s a le trad e, r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in du stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.




( 4)
1
9
_

_
-

-

16

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in dustry d iv isio n s by n u m ber of paid h o lid ay s
p ro v id e d annually, L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

It e m
All industries 1

A l l w o r k e r s _________________________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
no p a id h o l i d a y s ---------- -------- --------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

All industries3

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

"

1

~

~

1
1

-

-

11
2
2
34
1
1
27
16
7

46
1
28
_•

( 4)

~

N u m b e r of days

L e s s th a n 3 h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------3 h o l i d a y s ___________________________________________________
4 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------------------------------5 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------6 h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y -----------------------------------------6 h o l i d a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s --------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------7 h o l i d a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y .
__________________________
7 h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ____________________________
8 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------9 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------10 h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________

( 4)
-

-

-

1

-

-

19
3

11
1
2
31
4

( 4)
21
7
4

( 4)
27
15
9

( 4)
41
3
1

19
4
31
( 4)
46
-

"

( 4)
1
27
2
1
26
1
( 4)
22
11
5

-

25
-

"

T o t a l h o l id a y t i m e 5

10 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------9 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------7 x/ z d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------7 d a y s o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------------------6 V 2 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
6 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
5 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e ____________________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e -------------- -------------------------------------------1 V 2 d a y s o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------1 d a y o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------------------

4
11
32
35
55
57
98
99

99
99
99
99

9
24
51
55
88
89
100
100
100
100
100
100

.
-

46
46
77
81
100
100
100
100
100
100

5
15
37
39
66
68
95
96
97
98

99
99

7
23
50
51
87
89
100
100
100
100
100
100

1 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , a n d o t h e r p u b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 I n c l u d e s d a t a f o r w h o l e s a l e t r a d e , r e t a i l t r a d e , r e a l e s t a t e , a n d s e r v i c e s , in a d d i t i o n to t h o s e in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y .
4 L e s s th a n 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
5 A l l c o m b in a t i o n s o f f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s. t o t a l o f 7 d a y s
no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll d a y s and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s w e r e th e n c u m u la t e d .




_
25
25
53
54
100
100
100
100
100
100

i n c lu d e s

th o se

w it h

7 fu ll d a y s

an d

17

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a t io n p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o rk e rs

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries*

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
94
5
1

100

99

100
100

100

99

91
7
2

99
1
-

“

M eth o d o f p ay m en t
W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id v a c a t i o n s -------------------------------------------------------------L e n g t h - o f - t i m e p a y m e n t -------------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------------------------------------F l a t - s u m p a y m e n t -------------------------------------------------O t h e r ----------------------- -- ---- ---- — ------------------------ ---- ----W o r k e r s in e s t a b li s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d v a c a t i o n s _______________________________________

( 5)
-

( 5)
-

-

-

-

"

( 5)

_
26
6

2
20
1

2
18
-

"

( 5)

-

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n p a y 6
A f t e r 6 m o n th s o f s e r v i c e
2
47
6
3

1
53
6
1

29
1
70

86

— .
— —
_ —

7
11
82

4
2
94

1 w e e k -------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------2 w eeks
—
----- — ----------------------------- —
-------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ------------- - —
3 weeks. . .
_ —
— — —
-----

2
2
92

1
3
86

2
2

5
5

2
2

1

_

3

( 5)

9
23

92

86

95

66

3

5
5

4

1

7
32
60
1

1

-

-

3

1
92

Under 1 w eek.
___ ___
— ------- —
-------------1 w eek—
—
_
—
—
.
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------2 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

_
23
-

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e rv ic e
1 w eek.
— — - . . .
—
_
— —
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ----- ------— —
2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

14
-

92
8

72
2
26

75
1
23

91
-

11
50

37
16
46

32
23
44

69
1
29

( 5)
99
-

9
23
66
1

7
32
60
1

1

-

9

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e rv ic e
1 w eek— _
„
_
----„
—
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s
- -------2 w eeks —
- -------------------- -----

—
—
—

39

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e rv ic e
_

2
98
-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f se rv ic e
1 w eek.
----_
--------------------- —
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------

2 w eeks -

.
— ------- — -------------— —
O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------- -- --------------------------------------------

2

2
_
97

2
-

A fte r 5 y e a r s of s e rv ic e
1 w eek—

_

—
- - — —
------- —
—
-------- -------------------- — -------O v e r 2 a n d u n d e r 3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------- ----------------- ----------------- — — —

2 w e e k s -----

See footnotes at end of table,




1
89

2
7

( 5)
85
15

_
94

91

4

( 5)

-

2

6

6

_

95
2
3

18

Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy
All in
dustries1
2

M
anufacturing

Public utilities3

All in stries 4
du

M
anufacturing

Public utilities3

Amount of vacation pay 6— Continued
After 10 years of service
1 week------ ------— -------- ------ ------2 w e e k s---- ---- ----------------------- ~ —
—
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s------------------------- -----3 w e e k s----- ------------------ ------- — — -------- —
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s--------------------------------4 w e e k s---- — ------- -------

1
51
2
41
2
3

_
28
2
57
5
7

_
66
34
-

2
34
11
50
1
2

_
20
14
61
1
3

_
66
_
34
-

1
46
2
46
2
3

_
21
3
64
5
7

_
60
40
"

2
29
12
55
1
2

_
16
16
64
1
3

_
54
_
46
-

1
15
( 5)
79
5
-

_
8
80
12
-

_
2
98
-

2
19
1
74
3
1

11
85
3
1

1
14
57
26
2

7
56
33
4

_
2
49
50
-

2
18
53
24
3

10
61
26
3

2
28
70

2
18
28
49

10
29
58

38
62

3

3

-

_

After 12 years of service
1 week____ ________
_
— ______
___ —
2 weeks - _ — _
—
---- ----Over 2 and under 3 weeks
— -----— ------3 w e e k s-------------- — —
_ _ _ _ _
_
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s________________________
4 w e e k s___ ___ ___
_
_____
—
— ____
A fter 15 years of service
\ week———
?. w p p Vr

__ ______________________ ______________

Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s________________________
3 w e e k s______ _____
___ ___
4 w e e k s---- ------------ ---- — ---— — — —
Over 4 weeks------------------------------------------------------

_
_
97
3
-

After 20 years of service
1 week— — ---------- — —
_ —
2 w e e k s---- ------—
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ —
3 w e e k s---- — — — —
---- ---- __
------4 weeks _ - _ - — - — ----- — — - -----Over 4 weeks----- —
—
—
—
— -------

_

_

After 25 years of service
1 week— ------------------ — 2 weeks _ _ _ _ _
—
— —
— - —
—
---— - — _ —
3 w e e k s --------- ------4 w e e k s--------- ------- --------— — Over 4 weeks--------------- ------- ---- —
— - _

1
14
32
49
4

7
30
53
10

_
_
56
44
-

_

After 30 years of service
1 week----------------------------------------------------------------------- — —
------- — —
2 w e e k s-------------3 wfteks
_
_____ __ ___ ___
4 w e e k s----------------------------------------------- ------Over 4 weeks------------------------------------------------------

1
14
31
50
4

-

-

2

7

2

30
53
10

21
78

18
26
51

10
29
58

82

3

3

2

( 5)

16

1 Includes b a s ic plans only. E x c lu d e s plan s such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those plans w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" ben efits beyond b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qu a lify in g lengths
of s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s a r e plans in the ste e l, alum inum , and can in d u s trie s .
2 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; re t a il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.
6 Includes paym ents other than "len gth of tim e, " such as p e rcen tage of annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m paym en ts, co n verted to an equivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x am p le, a paym ent of 2 percen t
of annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i ly chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the changes
in p ro p o rtio n s in d icated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g b etw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E stim a te s a r e cum u lative. Thus, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o re
a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who re c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s of s e r v ic e .




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em p lo y ed in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
health, in su ra n c e , o r pen sion be n e fits, 1 L o u is v ille , K y .—Ind. , F e b r u a r y 1965)
O F F IC E

P L A N T W ORKERS

W ORKERS

Type o f benefit
All industries

A ll w o rk e rs —

-----

-

-------- -

— _

2

Manufacturing

100

100

L ife in su ra n c e —
— -----A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n c e _____
—
___ _________________
Sick n ess and acciden t in su ra n c e o r
sic k le a v e o r b o th 5---------------- _ _ __ __ __

92
54

S ick n ess and accident in s u ra n c e __ — —
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d ).
____ ______ . . .
_ Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )______ __________ — —
H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e --------------------------------S u rg ic a l in s u ra n c e ---------------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e ---------------------------------------------C a ta stro p h e in s u ra n c e --------------------------------------R etire m e n t pen sion ------ — — N o health, in su ra n c e , o r pen sion plan ----------

91
90
82
69
74
3

Public utilities 1
3
2

All industries 45

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

100

100

100

100

98

96

91

98

99

83

43

66

76

61

67

83

43

85

95

67

38

73

10

70

90

23

45

54

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g:

1
2
3

98
98
89
73
89

13

10

5

5

27

8

14

8

41

100
100
97
91
44

92
91
76
38
74
4

98
98
83
40
87

100
100
91
79
66

Includes those plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o st is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n ’ s co m pen sation , s o c ia l s e c u rity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
Includes data fo r w h o le sa le trad e; r e t a il trad e; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 U ndu p licated total of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n c e shown se p a ra te ly b e lo w . Sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m n u m b er of d a y s' pay that can be ex pected by each em p lo y e e . In fo rm a l sick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s is a r e ex clu ded.




20

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s b y fo r m a l sick le a v e
p ro v is io n s , L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., F e b r u a r y 1965)

P LA N T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Sick le a v e p ro v is io n
All industries

1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

100.0

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

4 52.4

53.7

39.8

24.3

13.3

46.3

47.6

46.3

60.2

75.7

86.7

53.7

U n ifo rm plan: 5
N o w aitin g p e r i o d --------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 6. ____________________________________
5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------10 d ays ---------------------------------------------------12 days ____________________________________
20 d ays ____________________________________
22 d ays ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l p a y 6------------------------21 days ____________________________________
W aitin g p e r i o d ___________________________________
F u ll pay -------------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y __________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly __ _____ ___ __ _____________

29.9
28.9
2.7
5.8
6.8
5.3
3.1
1.0
1.0
2.6
.8
1.8

43.5
40.9
4.7
8.2
4.6
13.7
4.3
2.6
2.6
-

10.4
10.4
5.9
4.2
-

6.5
6.5
1.2
1.8
.2
8.3
4.2
1.8
2.3

5.0
5.0
.8
1.4
6.6
2.4
2.4
1.8

1.8
1.8
1.8
2.8
2.8

G rad u ated plan 5— A fte r 1 y e a r of s e rv ic e :
N o w aitin g p e r i o d --------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 6----- ------------------------------------ -------5 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------10 d ays ---------------------------------------------------20 d ays ---------------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y 6 ____________ __
10 days ____________________________________
W aitin g p e r i o d ____________________________________
F u ll p a y ---------- ------------------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rt ia l p a y -------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------

12.2
7.8
2.3
4.0
1.4
4.4
3.1
5.3
1.7
.3
3.3

10.2
6.8
.7
2.1
3.7
3.5
2.5
-

1.1
1.1
.5
.6
28.3
8.0
1.7
18.6

3.9
3.3
2.9
.4
.6
.2
4.5
2.7
.3
1.4

-

15.9
8.8
2.3
4.2
1.0
7.2
3.1
1.5

10.2
9.2
3.1
2.5
1.0
"

20.7
1.1

-

-

5.7
3.3
1.8
2.3
.9
3.8
.2
2.5
1.1

1.7
1.7

11.2

4.3

3.7

3.8

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l paid sick le a v e ___________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts pro vid in g
no fo r m a l paid sic k le a v e ---------------------------------

100.0

All industries 34

Type and am ount of paid sick
le a v e p ro v id e d an n ually

G rad u ated p la n 5— A fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e :
N o w aitin g p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 6 _____________________________________
20 days ---------------------------------------------------40 days ---------------------------------------------------130 d a y s ___________________________________
F u ll pay plus p a rt ia l pay 6 -----------------------70 d ays _____________________________________
W aitin g p e r i o d ___________________________________
F u ll pay
----------------- ------------------------------F u ll pay plus p a rt ia l p a y -------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------

( 7)
1.5
-

-

-

-

-

19.6
17.9
8.7
.1
8.6

-

-

-

41.8
23.1
3.4
15.3
12.8
12.8
9.4
29.0
1.7
27.3
-

P r o v is io n s fo r accu m u lation
W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts having
p ro v is io n s fo r a ccu m u latio n of
unused sick l e a v e ____ ___________________________

16.2

3.5

1 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data fo r w h o le sa le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 Includes 2.4 percen t of w o r k e r s em ployed in esta b lish m e n ts w ith fo r m a l sick le a v e plans fo r w hich d e ta ils a r e not a v a ila b le .
5 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e defined a s those f o r m a l plans under w hich an em p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e nu m ber of d a y s ' paid sick le a v e each y e a r.
"G ra d u a te d p la n s "
a r e defin ed a s those fo r m a l plans u n der w hich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o rd in g to length of s e r v ic e .
P e r io d s of s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily chosen.
E stim a te s re fle c t p ro v is io n s a p p lic a b le
at the stated length of s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n . Thus, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' sick le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r g r e a t e r
o r le s s e r lengths of s e r v ic e .
6 M a y include p ro v is io n s other than those p rese n te d se p a ra te ly . N u m b e rs of days shown u n der " F u l l pay plus p a r t ia l p ay " a r e d ays fo r w hich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e sick le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a r e entitled to ad d ition al d ays of sick le a v e at p a r t ia l pay.
7 L e s s than 0.05 percen t.




21

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s em ployed in e sta b lish m e n ts pro vid in g p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s, 1
by type of plan, L o u is v ille , K y.—Ind., F e b r u a r y 1965)
O FF IC E W O R K ER S

P L A N T WORKERS

Type of plan
All industries 1
2

A l l w o r k e r s __

W o r k e r s in estab lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s ______________________________
P la n s p ro v id in g fo r c u rre n t
d is t r ib u t io n _____________________________________

100

100

100

100

100

13

9

6

12

11

2

1

2

2

10

_____________________________________

Manufacturing

6

8

8

1

1

2

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
di s t r ib u t io n

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r both c u rre n t
and d e fe r r e d d is t r ib u t io n --------- ----------------P la n s p ro v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's choice of
m eth od

o f d i s t r i h n t i n n ....

( 5)

( 5)

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g

p la n s

87

91

94

88

89

100

1 The study w a s lim ited to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lish e d fo rm u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n of p ro fit sh a re s am ong em p lo y e e s; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e r e com m unicated to the em p loyees in
advan ce o f the d e term in atio n o f p ro fits ; (3) that r e p re s e n t a com m itm ent by the com pany to m ake p e rio d ic contributions b a s e d on p ro fits; and (4) in w hich e lig ib ility extends to a m a jo rity of the
o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s.
4 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

22

Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning: charges and entrv of necessarv extensions
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and die making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine woik as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’'Limited1' telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GEN
ERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woric is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from tanscribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the followings Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work ass Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work
is closely supervised during progress.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN

CARPENTER, M TEN CE—Continued
AIN AN

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenters handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of die maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, M TEN CE
AIN AN

H
ELPER, M TEN CE TRADES—Continued
AIN AN

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in- •
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the woxk of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning woiking areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

EN IN
G EER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. W involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
oxk
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

M
ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, M TEN CE
AIN
AN

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BO R
ILE
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
H
ELPER, M
AINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. W
oxk
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woxk; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woxk, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the woiking properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (M TEN CE)
AIN
AN

O
ILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
M
ILLW
RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following; Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the woik of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUM
BER, M TEN CE
AIN
AN
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber’s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

30
TO AND D MAKER—
OL
IE
-Continued

SHEET-M
ETAL WORKER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of die maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
TOOL AND D MAKER
IE

volves most of the following; Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in-

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN R—Continued
E

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN
ER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL H D G
AN LIN
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

31
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. W requires the placing of
oric
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SH
IPPIN AND RECEIVIN CLERK
G
G

TRUCKER, POW
ER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




WATCHMAN
Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1---AlbanyHSchenectady— roy, N .Y ., M ar. 19641
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex., Apr. 19641
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J ., Feb. 19641 —
N
Atlanta, Ga., May 19641 ____________________________ ___
B a ltim ore, M d., Nov. 1964 1 ________ _______
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, Tex., May 19641___
P
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1-______________
B oise City, Idaho, July 19641
Boston, M ass., Oct. 1964 1 ___

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641
Burlington, V t., Mar. 1964.
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964*.
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 19641
Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 19641
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 19641_____
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ____________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y . , M ar. 19641___ ____
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964-1 _____
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ____

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641 —____________
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
Ill., Oct. 1964 1.
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965.
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1964—___________________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 19641
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1964F o rt Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 l .
Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641—
G reenville, S.C., M a y l9 6 4 1— ,
Houston, Tex., June 1964 1 ______________________

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

Indianapolis, Ind., Dec. 1964______
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1964l — _
Jacksonville, F la., Jan. 19651
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1964—
Law ren ce-H averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 -__
N
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk., Aug. 1964*.
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1964 1 __
_
Lou isville, Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 19651 _____
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1__ __ —_____
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 19641 -__
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965-

1430-30,
1385-41,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1430-42,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1430-40,

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and price

M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964-___-_____
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964—___
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651.
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 1964 1
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965.
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964.
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641.
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va., June 1964-____ -—
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964.
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., May 1964 1 ___
P
Philadelphia, P a.— .J ., Nov. 1964 1_____________
N
Phoenix, A r iz ., Mar. 19641.
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651----------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964____________
Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1964 *.
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964-—
M
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964—__________
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964.

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1430-41,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 1__
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641__________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964.
San Bernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, Calif.,
Sept. 1964_____________
San Diego, C alif., Sept. 1964
San Fran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 19651.
Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1__________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964______
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964_

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964______
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19641.
Spokane, Wash., May 1964—__
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1-_____________
Washington, D. C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 19641___
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1-_____
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641___
W orcester, M ass,, June 1964l .
York, Pa., Feb. 1964 l .

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430138514301385.
138514301385.
1385.

29,
56,
39,
71,
49,
34,
42,
72,

25
25
30
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102