View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey
PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA
JANUARY 1965

1430-41




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF IABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA




JA N U A R Y 1 9 6 5

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 4 1
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Prrnting Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

T h e B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d ata on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s . It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d ata b y s e le c t e d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s tu d ie d , f o r e c o n o m ic r e g io n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S ta te s . A m a jo r c o n s id e r a t io n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l , and (2 ) the s t r u c ­
tu r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s tr y d iv is io n s .

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s -------------------------------------T a b le s :
1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly
e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n ts o f
ch an ge f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s -----------------------------------------------------

A.

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l­
le t in p r e s e n ts s u r v e y r e s u lt s f o r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d . A f t e r
c o m p le t io n o f a ll o f the in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r a rou n d
o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u lle tin is is s u e d .
The
f i r s t p a r t b r in g s d ata f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s
s tu d ie d in to on e b u lle tin . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n ts i n f o r ­
m a tio n w h ic h has b e e n p r o je c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o ­
p o lita n a r e a d ata to r e la t e to e c o n o m ic r e g io n s and the
U n ite d S ta te s .

B.
E ig h ty - tw o a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in the
p r o g r a m . In fo r m a tio n on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o lle c t e d
an n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . In fo r m a tio n on e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c ­
t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s is o b ta in e d b ie n ­
n ia lly in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h is b u lle tin p r e s e n ts r e s u lt s o f the s u r v e y in
P itts b u r g h , P a . , in J a n u a ry 1965. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f ic e in N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , b y A n th o n y J.
F e r r a r a , u n d e r the d ir e c t io n o f H a r o ld A . B a r le t t a . T h e
stu d y w as u n d e r the g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n o f F r e d e r i c k W .
M u e lle r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c t o r f o r W a g e s and In d u s­
t r i a l R e la tio n s .




*N O T E :
c o v e r.)

4

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :*
A - 1.
O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s —m e n and w o m e n -------------------------------A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n _________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f ic e , p r o f e s s io n a l, and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d --------------------------------------------A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s ----------------------A - 5.
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s --------------

9
11
13

E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B - l.
M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r ie s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s —
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s --------------------------B -3 .
S c h ed u le d w e e k ly h o u r s _______________________________________
B -4 .
P a id h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------------------B -5 .
P a id v a c a t io n s ---------------------------------------------------------------B -6 .
H e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ______________________
B -7 .
P a id s ic k l e a v e --------------------------------------------------------------B -8 .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p la n s ------------------------------------------------------

15
16
17
18
19
21
22
24

A p p e n d ix e s :
A . C h a n ges in o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ---------------------------------------B . O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s _____________________________________________

S im ila r ta b u la tio n s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o th e r a r e a s .

(S e e in s id e b a ck

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r a c t ic e s
in the P itts b u r g h a r e a a r e a ls o a v a ila b le f o r auto d e a le r r e p a ir shops (A u g u s t
1964) and th e m a c h in e r y in d u s tr ie s ( A p r i l 1964). U n ion s c a le s , in d ic a t iv e o f
p r e v a ilin g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s tr u c tio n , p r in tin g , l o c a l tr a n s it o p e r a tin g e m p lo y e e s , and m o to r tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

5
9

25
27




Occupational Wage Survey—Pittsburgh, Pa.
Introduction
s c h e d u le s (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r th e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e
b e e n rou n d ed to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h ic h th e U . S. D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r * s
B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e la t e d w a g e b e n e fits on an a r e a w id e b a s is .
In th is a r e a , d ata
w e r e o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u re a u f i e l d e c o n o m is ts to r e p ­
r e s e n t a t iv e e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s : M an u ­
fa c tu r in g ; tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s ;
w h o le s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and th e c o n s tr u c tio n and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m itte d b e c a u s e th e y ten d to fu r n is h in s u ffic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b ­
lic a t io n c r i t e r i a .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s it e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s .
I n d u s tr ie s and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s ta ffin g and,
th u s, c o n trib u te d if fe r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e pay
r e la tio n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e ly
th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d if fe r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts . S im ila r ly , d if fe r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m en
and w o m e n in an y o f th e s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh ou ld not b e a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d if fe r e n c e s in p a y tr e a tm e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in in d iv id u a l e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts . O th e r p o s s ib le f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n trib u te to d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D if fe r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s io n
w ith in e s ta b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l r a te s p a id in ­
cu m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d i f fe r e n c e s in s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r f o r m e d ,
alth ou g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r ia t e ly c l a s s i f i e d w ith in th e s a m e
s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c l a s s ify in g e m p lo y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e u s e d in
in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n ts and a llo w f o r m in o r d if fe r e n c e s am on g e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts in th e s p e c if ic d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t io n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d ata,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t. E s ­
tim a t e s b a s e d on th e e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e in d u s tr y g ro u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r th o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s iz e s tu d ie d .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly
s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d if fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e a m on g e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e l a t i v e
im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f fe r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s tr u c tu r e do n ot m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s d a ta .

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu rin g and n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e
fo llo w in g ty p e s :
( l ) O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2 ) p r o f e s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l;
(3 ) m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; and (4 ) c u s to d ia l and m a t e r ia l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n is b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r ip t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r ib e d in a p p e n d ix B .
E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e o f
th e o c c u p a tio n s l is t e d and d e s c r ib e d a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s
ta b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a ll
to p r o v id e enou gh d ata to m e r i t p r e s e n ta tio n , o r (2 ) t h e r e is p o s s i­
b i l i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .

E s ta b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
In fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) on s e le c t e d
e s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v is io n s a s th ey
r e la t e to o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s .
A d m in is t r a t iv e , e x e c u t iv e , and
p r o f e s s io n a l e m p lo y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s w h o
a r e u t iliz e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d . " O f f i c e w o r k e r s "
in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v is o r s and n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g
c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d fu n c tio n s .
" P la n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e ­
m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a in e e s )
e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c tio n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e
e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r ie s , but in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa ctu r­
in g in d u s t r ie s .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh ow n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i. e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c la s s ific a t io n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h ifts .
N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s es a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s es and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a tio n s , r e f e r e n c e is to th e w o r k




M in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (t a b le B - l ) r e la t e o n ly to th e e s ­
ta b lis h m e n ts v is it e d . T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith f o r m a l m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y p o l i c i e s .

1

2
S h ift d i f f e r e n t ia l d a ta (ta b le B - 2 ) a r e lim it e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s tr ie s .
T h is in fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d both in
t e r m s o f ( l ) e s ta b lis h m e n t p o lic y , 1 p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f to t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t, and (2 ) e f f e c t iv e p r a c t ic e , p r e s e n te d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c tu a lly e m p lo y e d on th e s p e c ifie d s h ift a t th e t im e o f the
su rvey.
In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g v a r i e d d if fe r e n t ia ls , th e am ou n t
a p p ly in g to a m a jo r it y w as u sed o r , i f no am oun t a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y ,
th e c la s s ific a t io n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s ta b lis h m e n ts in w h ich s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u rs a r e p a id a t n o r m a l r a te s , a d if fe r e n t ia l w as r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a jo r it y o f the s h ift h o u rs .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs (ta b le B -3 ) o f a m a jo r it y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d as a p p ly in g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f ic e w o r k e r s o f th at e s ta b lis h m e n t. P a id h o lid a y s ;
p aid v a c a tio n s ; h ea lth , in s u ra n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s ; and p r o f it - s h a r in g
p lan s (ta b le s B - 4 th ro u gh B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t is t ic a lly on th e b a s is
that th e s e a r e a p p lic a b le to a ll p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a jo r it y
o f such w o r k e r s a r e e lig ib le o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a lify f o r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis t e d . Sum s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s in ta b le s B - 2 th ro u gh B - 8 m a y
not eq u a l to ta ls b e c a u s e o f rou n din g.
D a ta on p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim it e d to d a ta on
h o lid a y s g ra n te d a n n u ally on a f o r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1 ) a r e p r o v id e d
f o r in w r it t e n fo r m , o r (2 ) h a v e b e e n e s ta b lis h e d b y c u s to m . H o lid a y s
o r d in a r ily g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th ough th ey m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o rk d a y , e v e n i f the w o r k e r is not g ra n te d a n o th e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n ts th e n u m b e r o f w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s a c tu a lly g ra n te d . T h e s e co n d p a r t c o m b in e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to sh ow to ta l h o lid a y t im e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is lim it e d to
f o r m a l p o li c i e s , e x c lu d in g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y t im e o f f
w ith p ay is g ra n te d a t th e d is c r e t io n o f the e m p lo y e r .
S e p a r a te
e s tim a te s a r e p r o v id e d a c c o r d in g to e m p lo y e r p r a c t ic e in c o m p u tin g
v a c a tio n p a y m e n ts , such as tim e p a y m e n ts , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s ,
o r fla t - s u m am ou n ts.
H o w e v e r , in the ta b u la tio n s o f v a c a tio n pay,
p a y m e n ts n ot on a tim e b a s is w e r e c o n v e r te d to a tim e b a s is ; f o r
e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s id e r e d
as the e q u iv a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p ay.

c o m p a n y and th o s e p r o v id e d th ro u g h a u n ion fund o r p a id d i r e c t l y by
th e e m p lo y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a tin g funds o r f r o m a fund s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a th b e n e fits a r e in c lu d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e
in s u r a n c e .
S ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is lim it e d to th at ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m in e d c a s h p a y m e n ts a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d on a w e e k ly o r m o n th ly b a s is d u r in g illn e s s o r a c c id e n t
d is a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a tio n is p r e s e n te d f o r a ll such p lan s to w h ich the
e m p lo y e r c o n tr ib u te s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h ich
h a v e e n a c te d t e m p o r a r y d is a b ilit y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ich r e q u ir e e m ­
p lo y e r c o n trib u tio n s , 2 p la n s a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p lo y e r (1 ) c o n ­
tr ib u te s m o r e than is le g a l l y r e q u ir e d , o r (2 ) p r o v id e s the e m p lo y e e
w ith b e n e fits w h ic h e x c e e d th e r e q u ir e m e n ts o f the la w . T a b u la tio n s
o f p a id s ic k le a v e p la n s a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p la n s 3 w h ich p r o v id e
f u ll p a y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's p a y d u r in g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to
(1 ) p la n s w h ic h p r o v id e f u ll p a y and no w a itin g p e r io d , and (2 ) p lan s
w h ic h p r o v id e e it h e r p a r t ia l p a y o r a w a itin g p e r io d .
In a d d itio n
to th e p r e s e n ta tio n o f th e p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v id e d
s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e o r p a id s ic k le a v e , an u n d u p licated
t o ta l is sh ow n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e it h e r o r b oth ty p e s o f b e n e fits .
C a ta s tr o p h e in s u r a n c e , s o m e tim e s r e f e r r e d to as ex te n d e d
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e , in c lu d e s th o s e p lan s w h ic h a r e d e s ig n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in v o lv in g e x p e n s e s b eyon d
th e n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p it a liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and s u r g ic a l p la n s .
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v id in g f o r c o m p le t e o r p a r t ia l
p aym en t o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such p lan s m a y be u n d e r w r itte n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf- in s u r e d .
T a b u la tio n s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n p la n s a r e lim it e d
to th o s e p la n s th at p r o v id e m o n th ly p a y m e n ts f o r th e r e m a in d e r o f
th e w o r k e r 's l i f e .

D a ta a r e p r e s e n te d f o r a ll h e a lth , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n
p lan s (ta b le s B -6 and B -7 ) f o r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is
b o r n e by th e e m p lo y e r , e x c e p tin g o n ly le g a l r e q u ir e m e n ts such as
w o r k m e n ’ s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
Such p lan s in c lu d e th o s e u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c ia l in s u r a n c e

P r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s (ta b le B - 8 ) a r e lim it e d to f o r m a l p lan s
w ith d e fin it e fo r m u la s f o r co m p u tin g p r o f i t s h a r e s to be d is tr ib u te d
a m on g e m p lo y e e s and w h o s e fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ic a te d to e m ­
p lo y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e te r m in a t io n o f p r o f it s . D a ta a re p r e s e n te d
a c c o r d in g to p r o v is io n s f o r d is tr ib u t in g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p lo y e e s :
(1 ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d is tr ib u t io n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w ith in a s h o rt p e r io d
a f t e r d e te r m in a t io n o f p r o f it s ; (2 ) d e f e r r e d d is tr ib u t io n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c ifie d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t ir e m e n t ; (3 ) c o m b in a tio n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p la n s ; and (4 ) e l e c t i v e d is tr ib u t io n p lan s, u n der
w h ich e a c h p a r tic ip a n t is r e q u ir e d to s e l e c t w h e th e r to tak e his s h a r e
o f th e c u r r e n t y e a r 's p r o f it in cash , h a v e i t d e fe r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e fe r r e d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Pittsburgh, P a ., 1 by m ajor industry division, 2 January 1965

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions— ----

------------ — —

-------

----

-----------

Manufacturing__________________________________________________
Nonmanufacturing------------- --------------- ------- --------------Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5
---------------------------------------------------Wholesale tra d e ---------—
--------------------- -----Retail trade— --------- ---- — — ---------- -------- - -----Finance, insurance, and rea l estate— -----------------Services ................. ............................................................

Number of establishments

_

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Office

Total 4

Plant

Total 4

779

100

50
100

50
50

58,700

259, 800

242, 870

79
133

253,700
136, 000

29,

000
29, 700

186, 200
73, 600

155, 790
87, 080

52
130
71
90
123

-

389, 700

313
466

100

212

23
28
26
26
30

39, 900
16, 100
42, 100
17,500
20, 400

6 , 700
4, 700
4, 100

20 , 600

7, 100
32, 700
6 1, 300
( 8)

11,100

( 8)

31,
5,
30,
12 ,
8,

540
000
160
020
360

1 The Pittsburgh Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Allegheny, Beaver, Washington, and Westm oreland Counties. The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in
this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of
comparison with other employment indexes for the area to m easure employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably
in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industi^ division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 Estimate relates to real estate establishments only. W o rkers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll industry"
estimates in the Series B tables.
7 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.
8 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: ( l ) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Pittsburgh, Pa. ,
January 1965 and January 1964, and percents of change 1 for selected periods
Indexes
(January 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
January 1965

January 1964

Percents of change 1
January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

January 1962
to
January 1963

January 1961
to
January 1962

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and w om en)------Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en)-----------------Unskilled plant (m e n )---------------- —

107. 7
108.4
105. 1
108.9

105. 5
106. 9
103. 8
107.4

2. 1

1. 1

1.4
1. 3
1.4

.9
.2
1. 6

1.4
2. 4
.7
2. 3

2.9
3.4
2.9
3. 3

Manufacturing:
Office c le ric a l (men and w om en )------Industrial nurses (men and wom en)—
Skilled maintenance (men) ------- Unskilled plant (men) ——--------------------

105. 1
108.4
104. 1
109. 1

105. 6
106.9
103.3
107. 9

-. 5
1.4
•. 7
1. 1

.6
.5
-. 1
.7

1. 8
2.4
.5
3.4

3. 1
3.9
3. 0
3. 6

A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.

Decem ber 1959
to
January 1961

4 .4
2. 5
4. 2
3. 1

5. 6
2. 0

3. 8
4. 0

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a la r ie s o f o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g ro u p s .
F o r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge r e la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , th at i s , the sta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h ic h s t r a ig h t - t im e
s a la r ie s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , th e y m e a s u r e c h an ges
in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g p r e m iu m p a y f o r
o v e r t im e , and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te s h ifts .
The
p e r c e n ta g e s a r e b a s e d on d ata f o r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u p a tio n s and in ­
c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ith in e a c h g ro u p .
T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l d ata a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the fo llo w in g
19 jo b s : B o o k k e e p in g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B; c le r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c la s s A and B; c le r k s , f i l e , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o r d e r ; c le r k s ,
p a y r o ll; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k eyp u n ch o p e r a t o r s , c la s s A and B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r ie s ; s te n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e r s , s e n io r ; s w itc h b o a rd o p e r a t o r s ; ta b u la tin g -m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s B; and t y p is t s , c la s s A and B . T h e in d u s tr ia l n u rs e d ata a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s .
M e n in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m a in te n a n c e jo b s and 2 u n s k ille d jo b s a r e in c lu d e d in the
p lan t w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e le c t r ic ia n s ; m a c h in is ts ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n ic s , a u to m o tiv e ; p a in t e r s ; p ip e f it t e r s ; and to o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k ille d — ja n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and c le a n e r s ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly
com p u te d f o r e a c h o f the
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
the jo b s d u rin g the p e r io d




s a la r ie s o r a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s w e r e
s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s . T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
th en m u ltip lie d b y e m p lo y m e n t in e a c h o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e ig h te d e a r n in g s

f o r in d iv id u a l o c c u p a tio n s w e r e th en to ta le d to o b ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p . F in a lly , the r a t io (e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n ta g e )
o f the g ro u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the o th e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u te d and the d iffe r e n c e b e tw e e n the r e s u lt and 100 is
the p e r c e n ta g e o f ch an ge f r o m the one p e r io d to the o th e r.
The
in d e x e s w e r e co m p u te d b y m u ltip ly in g the r a tio s f o r e a c h g ro u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r io d a ft e r the b a s e y e a r (1 9 6 1 ).
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge m e a s u r e , p r in c ip a lly ,
the e f fe c t s o f (1 ) g e n e r a l s a la r y and w a g e c h a n ge s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o th e r
in c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d iv id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e
jo b ; and (3 ) c h a n ge s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e
r e s u lt in g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s ,
and c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e s ta b lis h m e n ts
w ith d if fe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can cau se
in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a c tu a l
w a g e ch an ges.
F o r e x a m p le , a f o r c e e x p a n s io n m ig h t in c r e a s e the
p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c ific o c c u p a tio n and lo w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a re d u c tio n in the p r o p o r tio n o f lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s w o u ld h a ve the o p p o s ite e ffe c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h ig h -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n t out o f an a r e a cou ld c a u se the a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s to d r o p , e v e n though no ch an ge in r a te s o c c u r r e d in o th e r
e s ta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .
T h e u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a te s the e f fe c t
o f ch an ges in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in each jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n ta g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly ch an ges in
a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rs.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
ch an ges in s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m iu m pay
f o r o v e r t im e .

D a ta p r e s e n te d in ta b le 2 and a ll A - s e r i e s ta b le s
in c lu d e , w h e r e a p p lic a b le , the r e c e n t ly n e g o tia te d p a y in ­
c r e a s e s f o r m o s t n o n o p e ra tin g r a ilr o a d e m p lo y e e s . T h e s e
w o r k e r s w e r e g ra n te d 9 cen ts an hour r e t r o a c t iv e to
J a n u a ry 1964 and 9 o r 1 1 .4 c e n ts , d ep en d in g on o c c u p a tio n ,
e f fe c t iv e J a n u a ry 1965.

5
A. O ccupation al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e ra ge-straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a . , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

\

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

90
Median 2

Mean2

Middle range 2

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

95

Sex, occupation, and industry division

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

over

12
9
3

12
2
10

43
24
19

35
23
12

16
7
9
3
3

49
35
14
6
4

209
162
47
32
12

170
150
20
8
8

74
56
18
12
3

42
30
12
6
2

9
3
6
6

69
52
17
17

49
13
36
36

3
2
1
1

-

-

ana
under

and

MEN
681

3 9 .5

1 2 7.00

1 2 8.00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

507

4 0 .0

1 2 8.50

1 2 9.00

1 2 1 .5 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-------------------------------------

174

3 9 .0

1 2 3.50

1 2 4 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

73

3 9 .0

1 33.50

1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0

59

3 9 .5

116.50

1 1 5.00

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 2 9 .0 0

--------------

473

3 9 .5

1 0 4.00

107.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0

14

----------------------------------------------

273

4 0 .0

10 5.00

1 0 8 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

4

M ANUFACTU RING

CLASS

N O N M ANU FA CTURING
WHOLESALE
CLERKS,

TRADE

M ANUFACTU RING

CLASS

3 9 .0

1 0 2.00

1 0 7.00

3 9 .5

11 8.50

1 2 1.00

3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0

8 2 .0 0

------------------------------------------------------

200

ORDER

TRADE

2

2

2

5

7

~
16
8

19
19

6
6

19
14

4
3

14
14

86
81

12
12

12
12

8
8

_

19
17
2

16
11

22
18

15
7

5

4

“

3

22
21
1
1

59
40
19
12

44
35
9

~

8
4

4

9
6
3
3

4
3
1
1

6
5
1
1

8
2
6
1

15
14
14
10
4
4

36
21
15
14

34
23
11
11

18
14
4
1

5

6

24

5

11

246

4 0 .0

1 1 7.00

12 0.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

2

5

179

4 0 .0

118.50

1 2 0.00

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

3

67

4 0 .0

1 1 3.50

1 2 0.00

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0

7

1

-

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

29

4 0 .0

12 6.00

1 2 3.50

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

8
8

5
1
4
1

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------

3 9 .0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1C

22
22

6 6 .5 0

6 3 .5 0

5 5 .5 0 -

7 3 .0 0

123

4 0 .0

6 6 .5 0

6 3 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 -

7 1 .5 0

-

3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0

6 3 .0 0

5 1 .0 0 -

7 4 .0 0

14

38

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

”

-

32
9
23

32
14
18

~

65
57
8
2

27
8
19
11

40
16
24
~

~

3
1
2
1

15

3 9 .5

1 19.00

1 1 6 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

_

1

1

4 0 .0

1 2 0.00

1 1 4.50

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

2
1

60

3 9 .0

117.00

1 2 0.50

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

i

34

3 9 .5

1 2 4.00

1 2 7.00

1 2 0 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

~

”

"

"

"

'

10

12
4
8

13
5

16
6

10
1

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

222

3 9 .5

1 0 2.50

1 0 5.00

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

118

4 0 .0

10 8.00

1 0 7.50

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0

104

3 8 .5

9 6 .0 0

9 6 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0

“

"

'

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

7
2
5

10
1
9

-

-

-

~

4

8

10

7

8
3

-

-

3

5

-

3

16

2

3

9

-

-

3 9 .0

1 1 6.00

1 1 7.00

60

3 8 .5

8 8 .0 0

8 7 .5 0

7 6 .5 0 -

74

3 9 .0

8 7 .0 0

8 8 .0 0

7 2 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

111

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

7 6 .5 0

6 9 .5 0 -

8 8 .5 0

-

-

70

3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0

7 1 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 -

8 1 .0 0

~

“

9 9 .0 0

”

“

25

-

1C

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------

7
8
8

154

3--------------------------------

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

5

214

F I N A N C E 4---------------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

1

'

14

163

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N UFACTU R ING

286

OPERATORS,

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

C

5

-------------------------------------

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

CLASS

13

9 4 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------------------

PU B LIC

9

1 0 4 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

------------------------------------------------------------

25
15
10
3

39
34
5
~

18
14
4
1

19
14
5

50
38
12
1

6
4
2
2

24
6
18
18

21
20
1
-

10
8
2
1

4

23
10
13
1
12

5

7

“

~

~

5

4

2

22

-

-

-

18
15
3
“

M A C H IN E)

M A CH INE

-

(B IL L IN G

------------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FA CTURING
B ILLE R S,
M AC H IN E)

M A CH INE

TRAbt

A

14

1

11
11

6 6 .0 0

6 7 .0 0

5 4 .5 0 -

7 4 .0 0

1

46

22

16

6

------------------------------------

103

4 0 .0

7 1 . CO

7 2 .0 0

6 4 .5 0 -

7 5 .0 0

1

6

12

8

6

45

15

3

85

4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0

7 2 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 -

7 4 .5 0

1

6

8

8

1

45

12

3

118

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

8 0 .5 0 -

9 8 .0 0

-

9

19

25

17

8 4 . CO

8 6 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 -

9 6 .0 0

:

11

3 9 .0

:

16

69

19

5

13

12

5

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

----------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




174

3 9 .0

49

2C

3

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N UFACTU RING

16

19

31

-------------------------------------------

------------------------------------------------------------------

R E TA IL

31

(B O O K K E E PIN G

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

CLASS

--------------------------------------

9

:

“

~

15

WOMEN

B ILLE R S,

-

-

3

1 2 2.00

----------------------------------------------

_
-

5

9 9 .5 0

1 1 9.00

M ANUFACTU RING

B

“

45
30
15
13
2

1 1 8.00

NONM ANU FA CTURING

CLASS

13

47
32
15
14

1 11.50

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

PU BLIC

35

6

3

4 0 .0

M A NUFACTU RING

A

26

5

4 0 .0

NONM ANU FA CTURING

CLASS

3

44
17
27
13
9

------------------------------------------------

PAYROLL

PUB LIC

5

25
17
8
1
4

39
27
12
2
8

16

193

NONM ANU FA CTURING

BOYS

13

40

16

242

M A NUFACTU RING

O FF IC E

5

32

14

----------------------------------------------

M A NUFACTU RING

PUB LIC

7 2 .0 0 -

11
6

10

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0

66

3

8 2 .0 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

106

-------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------------

WHOLESALE

CLERKS,

B

-----------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING

CLERKS,

A

-----------------------------------

A C C O U N TIN G ,

PUB LIC

$

---------------

----------------------------------------------

A C C O U N TIN G ,

PUB LIC

$

$

$
CLERKS,

7

_

7

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

1
1

-

~

~

“

~

-

-

-

-

1

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a . , January 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
N

U

$

Averag e
weekl y
hours1
(standard]

S

$

$

$

workers

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

IC O

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

over

54

69

1C2

40
M ean2

Median 2

Middl e range 2

and
and

under

WOMEN -

CONTINUED

BGUKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRACt ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FI NANCE 4-

$

$

$

$

457

3 8 .0

6 9 .5 0

6 7 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 -

7 6 .5 0

-

10

40

57

36

25

42

13

1

-

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

151

3 9 .0

7 6 .5 0

7 8 .0 0

6 3 .5 0 -

8 7 .5 0

-

1

10

6

18

18

16

31

12

1

-

1

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 7 .5

6 6 .5 0

6 6 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 -

7 0 .5 0

-

10
-

20

306

20

53

59

39

18

9

11

1

-

-

6

26

38

53

4 0 .0

6 8 . CO

6 4 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 -

7 7 .0 0

186

3 6 .0

6 4 .5 0

6 5 .5 0

5 9 .5 0 -

342

3

9

16

8

11

14

6 8 .0 0

96
-

38

35

85

11

3

12

13

3 9 .0

1 0 4.00

104.00

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

_

_

_

4

137

4 0 .0

1 1 5.00

11 9.00

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

205

3 9 .0

9 6 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4

73

3 9 .0

9 4 .0 0

9 7 .5 0

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

-

7 1 .0 0 -

-

6

1 ,0 1 6

8 3 .5 0

9 8 .0 0

435

4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0

9 5 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

-

581

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

7 4 .5 0

6 5 .0 0 -

-

6

-

-

-

16

26

62

22

6

8

3

5

18

4

24

49

15

1
-

14

4

3

18

56

27

20

12

2

13

7

1

11

4

5

4

-

2

22

7

5

3

2

8

-

~

-

45

163

64

86

103

66

87

86

58

33

20

14

30

59

26

52

73

52

20

13

8

4
-

3
-

1
-

40

44

94

-

4

32

12

34

20

39

40

129

44

59

32

_
-

13

6

13

7

6

4

1 0 1.00

9 9 .5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

56
-

35

4 0 .0

62
-

44

32

33
-

1

6

5

1

2

4

2

8 8 .0 0

8 9 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -

9 7 .0 0

-

-

3

-

6

3

16

1

31

16

23

27

6

1

-

-

3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0

7 2 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 -

7 8 .5 0

-

2

14

12

25

25

87

24

13

16

6

1

5

3

5
-

-

241

9
-

2
-

1
-

3 9 .0

4
-

3
-

147

2

2

3

1

-

94

3 8 .5

6 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0

5 7 .0 0 -

7 6 .0 0

-

4

10

23

6

4

21

14

6

1

4

-

1

-

91

3 9 .0

9 0 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

7 6 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

-

-

-

6

4

3

7

9

8

7

7

7

7

17

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS e
MANUFACTURING —
NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------------

444

3 9 .0

6 9 .0 0

6 8 .0 0

5 9 .0 0 -

7 7 .0 0

-

2
-

36
-

92

46

75

64

45

28

20

4

CLERKS, FI LE , CLASS C -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

FILE,

CLASS A

8 8 .0 0

39

_

-

9

3

13

-

15

_

7

1

11

1

-

3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0

-

4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0

7 1 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 -

8 0 .5 0

11

12

45

29

11

9

16

10

300

3 8 .5

6 7 .0 0

6 4 .5 0

5 7 .5 0 -

7 6 .0 0

-

2

36

81

34

3C

35

34

19

16

10

4 0 .0

7 0 . 50

6 7 .5 0

5 6 .5 0 -

8 6 .0 0

-

-

11

26

2

6

6

6

11

7

138

3 7 .5

6 7 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

5 8 .5 0 -

7 4 .0 0

-

14

30

21

25

18

13

9

5

5 9 . CO

5 7 .5 0

5 2 .0 0 -

6 3 .5 0

_

45

72

63

53

18

25

11

2

3 8 .5

5 1 .5 0 -

51

18

5 7 .0 0

5 6 .0 0

6 1 .5 0

-

4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0

5 7 .0 0

5 1 .5 0 -

6 4 .5 0

-

3 7 .5

5 5 .5 0

5 5 .0 0

5 0 .5 0 -

6 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

356

3 9 .5

8 5 . CO

7 9 .0 0

7 3 .0 0 -

9 8 .0 0

_

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

-

7 1 .5 0 -

8 5 .5 0

-

82

4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0

8 6 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 -

8 8 .5 0

-

-

130

3 9 .5

7 2 .5 0

7 3 .0 0

7 1 .5 0 -

7 4 .5 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

527

3 9 .0

8 8 .5 0

8 8 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

9 0 .5 0

7 8 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

See footnotes at end of table.




-

-

-

-

-

5

-

2

256

-

3

3

3 8 .5

-

3

3

291

3

-

3

78

144

76

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------------

32

-

157

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

5

136

3 9 .5

9 9 .0 0

10 2.50

220

4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0

7 4 .0 0

281

3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0

45

72

58

-

l

6

6

12

22

10

15

9

6

2

33

44

41

29

9

~

1

2

126

44

13

19

40

2

13

4

_

_

-

2
-

11

-

3
-

4

3

24

1

15

8

5

18

38

3

1

12

-

-

3

2

2

7

123

20

4

44

-

8

2

4C

-

8

1

1
-

-

4

1
-

-

5

2
-

-

-

1
-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

1

31

38

13

25

_

_

_

6

-

-

3

2

-

20

15

23

14

10

-

1C9

8

27

41

50

5

59

8

-

2

-

-

1

44

61

74

21

27

6

5

-

-

-

-

4

21

15

12

26

25

36

37

16

19

18

26

10

11

3

2

-

9 5 .0 0

-

6

29
-

24

19

25

37

5

8

13

12

3

14

1

3

11

1

1

7

1

1

11

3
-

-

1

3
-

-

-

2
-

12

-

20
-

11

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

-

4

3

4

-

2

1

1

-

2

1

5

2

3

_

_

-

1

-

-

-

3

-

-

_

_

246

3 9 .0

8 5 .0 0

8 5 .0 0

38

3 9 .0

10 4.50

1 0 6 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 -

84

3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0

7 7 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 -

9 0 .0 0

384

3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0

7 8 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 -

8 9 .5 0

-

r

7

7

8

1

3

18

12

8

4

1

7

19

7

44

92

32

54

34

18

19

12

22

11

69

3 8 .5

8 4 . CO

8 4 .5 0

7 4 .0 0 -

9 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

6

2C

3

18

19

11

3

3

2

3

295

3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0

7 5 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 -

8 9 .0 0

-

2

7

19

7

38

72

29

36

15

7

16

9

-

-

2

4

-

_

97

4 0 .0

7 5 . 50

7 3 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 -

8 1 .5 0

151

3 9 .5

8 3 .0 0

7 7 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 -

9 4 .0 0

370

3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

9 0 . CO

9 1 .5 0

-

20

8

1

4

2

-

6

29

20

14

17

2

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

1

1

52

14

15

11

4

11

1

7

7

1

4

2

3

1

5

19

31

14

38

61

49

63

56

_

_

_

_

196

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 1 . 50

9 2 .0 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

174

1

5

66

3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0

9 7 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

8 3 .5 0 -

9 8 .0 0

-

-

3

18

15

-

-

5

23

34

27

53

17

6

10

11

9

15

27

22

10

39

12

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

13

11

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

2C

4

9

4

2

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an a rea b asis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a . , January 1965)

___________________________________________________________ L
Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

woikers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

J
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

40

$

$
45

$
50

$
55

S

$
60

65

$
7C

$

$
75

8C

85

$

$

$

90

95

$
100

$

$

$
105

110

115

$
120

WOMEN

-

C O NTIN UED

M A NUFACTU RING

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

$
7 7 . CO
8 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 9 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

$
7 6 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

$
6 6 .0 0 7 5 .5 0 6 3 .0 0 6 4 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 5 9 .5 0 -

228
146

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

6 2 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

3 , 146
1 ,6 7 1
1 ,4 7 5
290
352
99
457

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5

2 ,4 1 1
1 ,2 5 7
1 ,1 5 4
2 98
225
64
365

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .0

693
3 38
355
99
110

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

150
87
63

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

9 3 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

8 9 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

338
56
282
36
67
70

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 6 .5

7 6 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

6 7 . 0 0 - 8 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 1 0 1 . 0 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
6 5 . 0 0 - 7 3 .5 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 2 .0 0

340
171
169

---------------------------------------

88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

7 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

156
86
70

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 2 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

67
52
32

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 4 . 5 0 - 8 6 .0 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 8 4 .5 0

CLASS

B

-------------------

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING
PU B LIC

706
318
38 8
81
110
128

------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

---------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------------------OFFICE

G IR LS

-------------------------------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING

SEC RETAR IES

------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------------

M A NUFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING
PUB LIC

W HOLESALE
R E TA IL

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------------------TRADE

TRADE

---------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL

M A NUFACTU RING
P U B LIC

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

---------------------------------

--------------------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING
TRACE

TRADE

---------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS,

SEN IO R

M ANUFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
SWITCH BOARD

TRACE

---------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

M A N UFACTU RING

A 5----------

-----------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

M A NUFACTU RING

CLASS

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING
SWITCH BOARD

------------------------------------

CLASS

B 5----------

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING

------------------------------------------

P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

R E TA IL

TRADE

-----------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 -------------------------------------------------------------SW ITCH BOARD

O P E R A !O R -R E C E P T IO N lS T S -

M A NUFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING
WHOLESALE

TRADE

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

B

130

140

--------------------------------------------------

TA B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

C

------------------------------------------

P U B LIC

-----------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

-

13
13

42
3
39

78
15
63
3
19
36

79
15
64
7
22
20

1C1
30
71
20
28
11

46
14
32
2
7
11

6C
41
19
17

92
71
21
1C
3
1

73
71
2

5
5

5
5

2
2

3
3

-

-

19
12

89
40
49
22
7
15

3
1

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

13

5 6 . 5 0 - 6 6 .5 0
5 4 . 0 0 - 6 4 .0 0

_

1
1

45
45

42
27

74
48

29
8

17
7

8
4

3
3

2
1

3

1 0 3 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 0 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 1 .5 0 1 0 0 . 0 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
8 0 . 0 0 - 9 3 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 9 .5 0

_

_

26

25
2
23
10
1
11

42
6
36
10
3
18

109
22
87
10
29
2
30

137
28
109
12
26
6
47

212
64
148
8
37
21
46

215
57
158
e
31
24
74

261
93
168
9
62
9
49

235
117
118
25
39
3
33

3 43
201
142
24
35
6
43

4 31
315
116
41
19
3
33

181
113
68
32
9
2
21

381
273
108
28
14
2
24

294
223
71
27
19
4
14

171
84
87
1
3
4
58

234
102
132
2
16
9
87

369
146
223
33
83
20
72

2 28
93
135
53
17
4
41

289
155
134
41
46
11
16

277
205
72
28
17

169
110
59
35
3

67
16
51
32

14
2
12
10

18
4

9

176
158
18
7
3
2
1

109
69
40
36
3

25

138
90
48
16
4
3
7

21
13
8

53
9
44

50
19
31

-

-

-

93
49
44
15
“

100
51
49
9
24

63
37
26
8
2

66
40
26
25
-

8 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

7 0 . 5 0 - 9 2 .5 0
7 3 . 5 0 - 9 6 .0 0
6 8 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
7 0 . 5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
6 4 . 0 0 - 7 6 .5 0

9 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0 - 1 0 4 . 5 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
7 5 .0 0 -1 0 6 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
8 1 .5 0

150

160

_

-

-

OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING

55

18
3
15
5
9

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
7-5. 50
7 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

$
150

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

26
5
12
8

-

_

18

-

-

18

-

134
27
107

-

-

-

-

-

2
3

3U
2
44

-

_

5

4

-

-

-

-

~

2

26

13

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

3
3
-

12
7
5

24
11
13

38
28
1C

7
1
6

20
12
8

24
12
12

11
4
7

14
10
4

33

82
5
77

21
3
18

33
10
23
7

12
4
8

14
1
13
9

21
4
17
12

16
15
1
1

9
2
7
6

~

-

-

5

-

-

-

5

33

77
2
75

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
1

3
1

10

17
20

23
16

8
2

13

5

1

29

56
19
37
16

15
1
14

36
25
11

4

8

31
13
18
8

41

26
13

59
19
40
31

28
12
16

28
12
16

12
11
1

18
13

4

29
21

4

5

1

8

4
4

10
10

2
1

12

1

2

-

-

-

-

1

2
—

12
11
1
“

~

-

8

3

_

_

_

2

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

2

~

5

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

13
13
13

1
1
1

13
8

11
11

1

8

-

-

5

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

_

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

6

-

6
2
4

3

2

5

3

1
-

-

-

_
-

7
5
2

-

-

-

-

14
13
1

-

2
2

4
-

-

-

_

19
6
13
13

5

14

_

27
23
4
4
-

-

12
4
8
8

_

35
19
16
15

-

75
46
29
17

_

91
39
52
7
41

-

153
107
46
28
6

_

2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-*

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

50
23
27
3
2

-

over

18

4
-

-

14
8
6

-

160
and

50

OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A NUFACTU RING

N O N M A NU FA CTURING

$
9 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
8 7 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

140

and
under

45

KEYPUNCH

$

$

130

•

_

-

_

_

-

-

2

9
5

2

7

37
4

"

2

28
17
11

~
2
2

-

1
20
18
2

-

-

_

1

_

_

_

5

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

-

-

8

5

1
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

3

5

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , P i t t s b u r g h , P a , , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of wo rkers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of —
$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

•

$

$

S

t

1

$

$

$

WOMEN -

50

55

60

65

70

75

8C

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

50

55

60

65

70

75

8C

85

SC

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

over

-

15
2
13
13

25
6
19
19

14
6
8
4
4

33
5
28
13
15

68
18
50
41
2

28
8
20
16

29
8
21
17

33
7
26
18

5
1
4
2

18
10
8
7

1

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

“
~

-

-

-

20
8
12
7

13
9
4
4

62
13
49
10

15
7
8
3

-

-

-

-

-

68
50
18

17
12
5
2
2
1

2

40
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

and

CONTINUED

TRANSCRIBlNG-MACHINE OPERATORS*
btNERAL -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------WHOLESALE TRACE -------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------

269
71
198
119
53

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
37.5

$
74. 50
76.00
7 4 . CO
78.50
59. 50

$
73.50
74.50
73.00
75.50
58.50

$
67.0069.0066.5071.505 5 .0 0 -

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3------------------

547
213
334
83

39.5
4C.0
39.5
39.0

80.50
8 3 . CO
78.50
90.50

79.50
84.50
72.00
94.50

6 5 . 5 0 - 90.00
7 4 . 5 0 - 89.00
6 2 . 5 0 - 98.00
6 4 . 5 0 -1 1 5 .0 0

1,229
447
782
35
221
87
326

39.C
40.0
38.5
38.5
40. 0
39.5
37.5

69.00
7 5 . CO
6 5 . CO
77.00
65.50
69.50
6 1 . CO

66.50
73 .00
63.50
75.00
63.00
6 8 .0 0
59.00

5 8 .5 0 64.0056.0069.0056.5062.0055.00-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------WHOLESALE TRACE -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------5
4
3
2
FINANCE4 ------------------------------------ 1

1
2
the rate
3
4
5

45

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$
83.50
85.50
82.50
84.50
66.50

75.00
84.00
70.00
84.00
69.50
73.00
66.00

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

2

-

-

-

2
-

13
13
-

42
4
38
-

75
12
63
24

51
10
41

59
29
30
~

34
23
11
5

48
34
14
4

87
62
25

-

10
10

172
20
152

189
50
139

178
52
126
1
63
8
48

2C2
37
165
10
34
29
54

170
104
66
7
4
17
26

81
42
39
6
16
1
8

69
38
31
4
8
6
4

46
23
23

21
16

3

3

2
3

-

-

-

-

1
9

-

47
15
69

-

26
3
107

3

5

-

15
3

~

-

3
3
3

23
2
21
20

4
3
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

“

1

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all work er s and dividing by the number of wo rke rs. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than
shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the work er s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




*

9
Tabie A-2« Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
;Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number

'Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

it

of
workers

$

$

$

j
i

i

*

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

*

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

11C

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

70

Sex, occupation, and industry division

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

over

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

I

9
8

4
4

48
48

137
134

97
91

46
39

105
97

82
79

106
106

2

~

7
7

22
16
6
3

46
37
9

127
92
35
10

259
211
48
15

204
161
43
4

197
150
47
4

160
155
5
5

19
19

9
2
7
7

-

-

-

-

5

106
101
5
1

3C
28
2

92
64
28
"

54
48
6
“

28
21
7
2

40
40

6
6

-

-

2

39
27
12
11

39
39

36
31

54
51

11
8

14
11

65
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range2

and
under

and

MEN
637
608

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 4--------------------------------

1,233
1,004
229
58

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3 -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4--------------------------

619
461
158
38

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3 ----------------------------------

57

*
o
o

$
$
$
$
165.50 166.00 147.50-1 82 .50
165.50 167.00 14 7.0 0- 18 3. 00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A3-------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

40.0
40. 0

83.50

318
287

40.0
40.0

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0

40.0 139.50 138.50 1 27 .0 0- 15 3. 50
40.0 140.00 139.00 127 .00 -15 5.0 0
39.5 137.00 138.00 127.0 0-1 50 .50
38.5 139.50 134.00 126.0 0-1 58 .00

-

-

”

~

-

-

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

~

1
I

-

26
25
1
1

1

«

_

3
3

22
19

40.0 109.50 108.50
40.0 11C.50 110.50
39.5 106.00 105.50
38.5 105.50 107.50

9 5 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
95 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0

-

81.00

7 1 . 5 0 - 96.50

10

16

109.50 1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 0 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 1 01 .5 0- 12 0. 00

_

1
~

3
3

-

-

-

12
8
4

~

-

-

48
29
19
3

61
43
18
2

45
22
23
3

58
37
21
5

45
35
10
2

70
43
27
7

10

2

3

5

7

1
1

6
5

26
24

40
35

21
21

67
61

-

3

16
16

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

“

-

_

_

~

~

~

~

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

~

_

~

_

_

_

_

~

”

~

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1965)
1-------------------------A v e ra g e

Occupation and industry division

C fF IC E

N um ber
of
w o r k e rs

126
53
73

39.5
40.0
39.5

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING
MACHINE! -------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

174
103
85

39.0
40. 0
40.0

131
78
53

39.0
39.5
39.0

BGUKKEEPING-MACHINF GPERATQRS,

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




Occupation and industry division

-

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a rd )

A v e ra g e

j

Occupation and industry division

e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a rd )

CONTINUED

jBGUKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------8 6 . 50
78.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------FINANCE2------------------------------------------6 6 .0 0
71.00 CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------69.50
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UT I L I T I E S 3------------------------89. 50
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------8 6 .0 0
RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------95.50
FINANCE2 -------------------------------------------

Loo

oi
w o r k e rs

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

O C C U PA T IO N S

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE? -------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------- --------------------

MANUFACTURING --------------------------- -------- [
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------- |

A v e ra g e
N um ber

|
1 W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
( s ta n d a rd ) ( s ta n d a rd )
W e e k ly

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

467
151
316
53
186

38.0
39.0
37.5
40.0
36.0

1,023
644
379
93

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
37.5

1 02
76
53

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

1,489
708
781
138
213
251
112

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.0
38.5

$
90.00
9 7 . CO
84.00
114.50
86.50
7 4 . CO
72.00

108
53
55

39.5
40.0
39.0

94.00
92.50
9 5 . CO

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------$
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------70.00
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------76.50
PUBLIC UTI LITIES3 -------------------------6 7 . CO
WHOLESALE TRACE -----------------------------------------6 8 .0 0
RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------64. 50
FINANCE2------------------------------------------------------------------119.50
125.50 CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------109.00
128.00
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------1 1 1 .0 0
9 5 . CO
98.00

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(A v e ra g e stra igh t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
by industry division, P ittsbu rgh , Pa. , January 1965)
A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

Occupation and industry division

O FF IC E

CLERKS,

F IL E ,

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

(s t a n d a rd )

O CCU PA TIO NS

CLASS

B

Occupation and industry division

e a r n in g s 1

(s t a n d a rd )

of
w o rk e rs

474

3 9 .0

$
7 0 .0 0

of
w o rk e rs

N um ber
W e e k ly

W e e k ly

O C C U PA TIO N S

SEC RE TAR IES

-

165

4 C .0

7 4 .5 0

M A NUFACTU R ING

3 8 .5

6 7 .5 0

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

78

4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0

F I N A N C E 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------

141

3 7 .5

6 7 .0 0

-------------------------------------

310

3 8 .5

5 9 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

263

3 8 .5

76

4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0

164

3 7 .5

5 5 .5 0

598

4 C .0

9 6 .0 0

329

4 C .0

1 1 0.00

269

4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0

----------------------------------------

130

4 0 .0

8 4 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

131

3 9 .5

1 0 3 .5 0

7 3 .0 0

M ANUFACTU RING

----------------------------------------------------

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
W HOLESALE

-------------------------------------------

TRAOE

-----------------------------------------

P U B LIC

F IL E ,

CLASS

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
R E T A IL

TRADE

C

4 0 .0

1 ,4 8 2

3 8 .5

9 7 .0 0

295

3 9 .5

1 1 3 .5 0

W HOLESALE

----------------------------------------------------

TRAOE

-----------------------------------------

354

3 9 .0

1 0 9.50

9 2 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------

99

4 0 .0

457

3 7 .5

9 1 .5 0

O C C U PA TIO N S

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

CLERKS,

0R0ER

-------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

----------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING
W HOLESALE
R E T A IL

TRADE

TRADE

-------------------------------------------

TRADE

CLASS

C

PAYROLL

-------------------------------------------------------

773

----------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

9 7 .5 0

460

3 9 .5

1 0 2 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

313

3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

67

3 9 .5

1 1 4.C 0

-----------------------------------------

52

3 9 .5

-------------------------------------------------

85

3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------

405

3 9 .5

8 2 . CC

PU B LIC

W HOLESALE
R E T A IL

TRADE

TRADE

P U B LIC

----------------------------------------------------

R E T A IL

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

KEYPUNCH

.

c o

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

32

3 8 .0

7 3 .0 0

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

269

3 9 .5

7 4 .5 0

71

4 0 .0

7 6 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

198

3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0

----------------------------------------

119

4 0 .0

7 8 .5 0

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

53

3 7 .5

5 9 .5 0

588

3 9 .5

8 1 .0 0

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

8 2 .0 0

M ANUFACTU RING

8 5 . CO

N O NM ANU FACTURING

-------------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 3

3 8 .0

7 9 .0 0

W HOLESALE

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

307

3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0

P U B LIC

W HOLESALE
RE T A IL

----------------------------------------

225

3 9 .0

64

3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0

365

3 7 .0

7 1 .0 0

698

3 9 .5

9 3 .5 0

TRADE

7 5 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

TRADE

TRADE

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

A

----------------------------------------------------

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

----------------------------------------------------

240

-------------------------------------------

348

3 9 .5

8 0 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

97

3 9 .0

9 3 .5 0

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING
SEN IO R

M A N UFACTU RING

-------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

343

4 0 .0

355

3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0

99

3 9 .0

1 0 4.00

110

3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0

WHOLESALE

TRACE

----------------------------------------

PU B LIC

8 3 .5 0

B

----------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 3 8

3 9 .0

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

----------------------------------------------------

455

4 0 .0

7 5 .5 0

-------------------------------------------

783

3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

35

3 8 .5

7 7 .0 0

221

4 0 .0

T Y P IS T S ,

CLASS

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
PU B LIC

SW ITCH BO ARD

4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING
P U B LIC

OPERATORS,

----------------------------------------------------

GENERAL
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .0 0

A 4 -----------

150

----------------------------------------------------

87

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

R E T A IL

-------------------------------------------------

88

3 9 .5

6 9 .5 0

63

3 9 .0

9 3 . 50

F I N A N C E ---------------------------------------------

326

3 7 .5

6 1 .0 0

P R O F E S S IO N A L

OPERATORS,

CLASS

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3 9 .5

9 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

W HOLESALE

TRADE

TRADE

----------------------------------------

6 5 .5 0

7 5 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

153

3 9 .5

8 3 .5 0

SW ITCH BO ARD

OPERATORS,

OPERATORS

CLASS

B 4 -----------

338

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

56

3 9 .5

8 4 .5 0

28 2

3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0

----------------------------------------------------

NONM AN U FAC TU R IN G

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------

69

4 0 .0

7 4 .0 0

PU B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

36

3 9 .5

60

4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0

R E T A IL

TRAOE

-------------------------------------------------

67

4 0 .0

6 8 .5 0

70

3 6 .5

7 5 .0 0

340

3 9 .5

8 0 . CO

AND

TE C H N IC AL

OCCU PA TIO NS

9 6 .0 0

----------------------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 2 ----------------------------------------------------------------

OR

b

9 8 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 . CO

97

D U PL IC A T IN G -M A C H IN E

D IT T O )

M A N UFACTU RING

I

4 0 .0
3 8 .0

1 ,2 6 3

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

(M IM E O G R A PH

3 9 .0

50
91

8 4 .5 0

299

----------------------------------------

TRADE

TRADE

106

-------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING
WHOLESALE

141

-------------------------------------------

2 ,4 2 6

M A NUFACTU R ING
M A NUFACTU R ING

CO NTIN UED

----------------------------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G

----------------------------------

GENERAL

9 4 .0 0

M ANUFACTU RING

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

-

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ' ----------------------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS,

STENOGRAPHERS,
CLERKS,

e a r n in g s 1
( s t a n d a rd )

OPERATORS,

N O NM ANU FACTURING

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

8 6 .0 0

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

RE T A IL
CLERKS,

1 ,6 9 0

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

W e e k ly
(s ta n d a rd )

O FF IC E

5 7 .0 0

-------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

of
w o r k e rs

e a r n in g s 1

3 ,1 7 2

Occupation and industry division

( s t a n d a rd )

CONTIN UED

------------------------------------------------------------------

309

h o u rs 1
(s t a n d a rd )

O FF IC E

--------------------------------------

A v e ra g e

N um ber

N um ber

OPERATORS,

A

426

3 9 .5

-----------------------------

238

4 0 .0

9 1 .0 0

---------------------

188

3 9 .0

9 3 .0 0

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------

80

3 9 .5

9 9 .5 0

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

-------------------

721

3 9 .5

332

4 0 .0

8 5 .5 0

-------------------------------------------

389

3 9 .0

7 1 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

81

3 8 .0

7 6 .0 0

M ANUFACTU RING

----------------------------------------

1 10

4 0 .0

6 9 .5 0

NO N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

129

3 8 .5

6 6 .0 0

CLASS

A 4 ----------------------------------------------

637

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

M ANUFACTU RING

----------------------------------------------------

608

4 0 .0

1 6 5 .5 0

CLASS

B 4 ----------------------------------------------

1 ,2 4 6

4 0 .0

----------------------------------------------------

1 ,0 1 1

4 0 .0

1 4 0.00

235

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

7 7 .5 0

----------------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,

9 1 .5 0

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

N C N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
P U B LIC

CLASS

SW IT C H BO A R D

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

WHOLESALE

----------------------------------------------------

DRAFTSMEN,

TRACE

171

3 9 .5

8 5 .5 0

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

169

3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0

N C N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

----------------------------------------

88

3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0

PU B LIC

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------------------

1 3 9.50

OPERATORS,

M A N UFACTU RING

N C N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
PU B LIC

W HOLESALE

O FF IC E

BOYS

TRADE

B

G I R L S ----------------------------------------

AND

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

514

3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0

----------------------------------------------------

205

4 0 .0

6 7 . CO

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

A

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

PU B LIC

----------------------------------------------------

B

64

3 8 .5

C 4 ----------------------------------------------

629

4 0 .0

----------------------------------------------------

471

4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

158

3 9 .5

1 0 6 .0 0

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------------

38

3 8 .5

1 0 5.50

118

3 9 .0

8 1 .0 0

90

3 9 .0

7 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN,
248

4 0 .0

1 1 7 .5 0

M A N U F AC T U R IN G

185

4 0 .0

1 1 8.00

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

63

3 9 .0

1 1 7.00

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

36

3 9 .0

-------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .5

204

4 0 .0

1 0 3.50

-------------------------------------------

9 9 .0 0

309

6 3 .5 0

M ANUFACTU RING

69

3 9 .5

7 7 .5 0

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

-------------------------------------------

174

3 8 .5

9 4 .0 0

59

4 0 .0

6 0 .0 0

PU B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

34

3 9 .0

1 1 4.00

92

3 7 .5

5 7 .5 0

F I N A N C E 2 ---------------------------------------------------------------

73

3 8 .5

8 8 .5 0

TRACE

-----------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 2---------------------------------------------------------------

3 8 .5

----------------------------------------------------

PU B LIC

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
378

-------------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

NURSES,

IN D U ST R IA L

M A NUFACTU R ING

--------

326

4 0 .0

1 1 0 . CO

----------------------------------------------------

(R E G IS T E R E D )

295

4 0 .0

1 1 0.00

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.




1 0 9.50

1 2 4 .0 0

TA B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

OPERATORS,

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING
P U B LIC

CLASS

CLASS

O R A F T S M E N - T R A C E R S 4 -------------------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH

See appendix A.

11
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a. , January 1965)

Hourly earnings 1
Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Mean2

M
edian 2

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

M
iddle range 2

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
(
Under 2. 3 0 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3.10
S
and
2 • 30 under

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3 --------------------------

8 30
661
169
88

$
3.15
3.10
3.34
2.95

$
3.05
3.06
2. 96
2.85

$
2.943.002.832.79-

$
3.23
3.18
3.65
'2.99

2
2
-

-

12
12
-

13
5
8
3

13
13
-

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITIES 3 --------------------------

2,289
2,059
230
159

3.27
3.26
3.31
3.23

3.22
3.23
3.13
2.99

3 . 1 2 - 3. 39
3 . 1 3 - 3.38
2 . 9 5 - 3.48
2 . 9 4 - 3. 47

2
2
-

_
-

9
Q
-

13
10
3
-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------------MANUFACTURING - - -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

775
469
306
84
72

3.14
3.18
3.08
3.47

3.15
3.14
3.18
3.52
3.26

2.862.882.743.24J.U

16
16
-

9
9
-

34
14
20
-

FIREMENf• STATIONARY BOILER — ________
—
MAMiPAfTtlR T
nMnUrMV# 1Un i rlu

436
398

2*78
2.80

2.76
2.78

2. 62 — 3.00
2 . 6 3 - 3.01

17

35
35

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRACES ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 3 --------------------------

2,214
1,864
350
322

2 .6 8
2.69
2.67
2.67

2.63
2.60
2 .6 6
2 .6 6

2 . 5 4 - 2.81
2 . 5 3 - 2.84
2 . 6 3 - 2.69
2 . 6 3 - 2.69

7
7

“

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

772
770

3.37
3.37

3.41
3.41

3 . 2 2 - 3.49
3 . 2 2 - 3.49

_

_

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2,232
2 , 116
116

3.40
3.41
3.18

3.28
3.29
3.00

3 . 2 1 - 3.72
3 . 2 2 - 3.74
2 . 9 5 - 3.27

_
-

_

_

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANU FACTUAING-----------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 3 --------------------------

639
355
28 4
206

3.31
3.34
3.27
3.21

3.28
3.29
3.28
3.26

3.133.143.113.10-

3.59
3.64
3 .5 0
3.42

3
3
3

3
3
3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

3,072
2,999
73

3.14
3.13
3.39

3.13
3.13
3.18

2 . 9 7 - 3.30
2 . 9 7 - 3.30
3 . 1 1 - 3.61

-

_

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

1,074
1,074

3.31
3.31

3.20
3.2C

3.143.14-

3.48
3.48

0 i L E R S _______________ ___________ __ _________
MANUFACTURING _________________________

590
565

2.70
2 .69

2.61

2.53-

2.84

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 3 --------------------------

416
311
105
38

3.01
2.98
3.09
3.27

2.96
2.96
3.11
3.35

2.9C2.91—
2.792.90-

3.14
3. 04
3.37
3.46

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1,288
1 ,2 1 2
76

3.12
3.12
3.16

3.06
3.C6
3.08

3 . 0 1 - 3.17
3 . 0 1 - 3.17
3 . 0 2 - 3.18

See footnotes at end of table,




_

3.44
3.51
3.35
3 .5 9
_

3.00 3.10

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
3.50 3 .60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80
3-xid

3. 50 3 .60 3,.70 3.80 3.90

o
o

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

$
S
$
3.20 3.30 3.40

-

3
3

3.20

3.30

3.4C

24
12
12
11

20
18
2
-

18
16
2
*

82
75
7
6

-

4 .2 0 4.40 4.60 4.8 0 over

-

66
48
18
3

323
321
2
-

44
30
14
4

18
16
2
-

69
67
2
-

36
29
7
-

244
152
92
92

86
86
-

536
507
29
3

567
560
7
-

146
139
7
6

143
114
29
27

79
76
3
2

96
95
1
1

144
141
3
3

42
42
-

25
25
25

17
10
7
-

29
11
18
-

50
32
18
-

63
60
3
1

81
57
24

60
40
20
-

55
31
24
9

53
10
43
27
12

ICC
45
55

35
35
-

-

-

108
75
33
31
2

17
16
1
1

36
29
7
7

2
2
2

1
1
1

12
12

26
17

91
91

61
***

26
zo

61

26

48

25

61

* 1

79
79

203
203

174
167
7
7

169
132
37
33

134
120
14
2

234
231
3

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

515
235
280
280

_
-

-

662
660
2
-

36
36

-

8
8

_

3
3

3
3

30
30

57
57

48
48

19
19

113
111

78
78

238
238

34
34

84
84

32
32

14
14

_

-

_
-

_

-

27
27
-

109
49
60

144
144
-

189
187
2

794
755
39

152
152
-

2 02
201
1

7
7
-

34
34
-

68
68
-

488
488
-

14
14

34
32
2
*■

7
7

90
67
23
23

114
51
63
50

48
6
42
28

30
16
14
14

73
33
40
40

68
68

54
49
5

_

_

_

_

23

2

2

-

“

52
14
38
31

_

-

*

27
8
19
14

38
38
-

67
67
“

180
180
-

545
540
5

321
311
10

828
800
28

212
212

407
4C7
-

232
227
5

21
14
7

71
62
9

16
16
-

1
1

16
14
2

_
-

_
-

1
1

19
19

31
31

5
5

66
66

415
415

22
22

57
57

234
234

39
39

6
6

166
166

_

*

°

73
29
44
39

36
36
-

-

66
44
22
22

-

1
1

6
6

6
6

70
70

192
192

85
76

50

52

28
16
12
4

45
37
8
6

170
158
12
1

34
30
4
-

23

9

21
14
7
7

6

4

2

3
3

46
3C
16
11

_

14

4
-

2
-

56
56
-

20
20
-

133
120
13

673
641
32

103
87
16

49
49
-

57
57
-

39
36
3

-

_

13
13

_

1

-

97
97
-

4
4
9
4
5
“
-

_

-

5

1

9

7

5

2

-

9
-

4

1

-

_
-

-

16
16

_
-

-

9
3
6
2

3
3
-

28
28
-

3
3
-

17
11
6
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

5
5
-

_

4
4

-

-

2
2

-

_
-

3

-

-

_

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

_

2
2

_

_

-

-

h i

23

-

2

9
9

_
_

_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

.

_

_

_

_
_
_

16
14
2

4
4

-

_

_

2

_

_
-

_
-

10
1U

48
HO

u

-

1
1
"

93
86
7

6
6

-

46
44
2

1
-

-

1

_
_
-

2
2

_
-

1
1
-

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerpiant Occupations-—Continued
Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, Pa. , January 1965)
rlourlv earnings 3

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
Un der ^ 30 2.40 2.50

$
2.60

PLUM BERS.

------------------------ ------------------------------

M A IN T E N A N C E

nonmanu fa ct ur ing

32
54

M
iddle range 2

edian *
Mean2 M

$
3.21
3.16

$
2.70

$
2.80

$
3.00

$
$
3. 1C 3.20

i

2.90

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

2.90

3.00 3.1C

3.20 3.3C

3.4 C 3. 50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4 . CO 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80

$
3.3 C 3.40

5
$
$
$
3.50 3. oO 3. 70 3.80

$
5
$
%
i*
3.90 14.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80

i
and
2.30 under

$
$
2 . 9 8 - 3.47
2 .9 4 - 3.43,

$
3.18
3.15

%

and

5

2

5

2

18
18

11
1

7

5
~

10
10

57
49

53

20

53

2C

»

52

2C2
202

18
18

146
146

13
13

104

3

11
10

3

a
j

"

1

11
11

^3
S3

126
126

■

i
l

“

over

-

-

3

2

3

2

1
S H EE T-M E TA L

T

COL

ANO

DIE

M A IN T E N A N C E —
------------------------------------

181
157

3.28
3.28

3.23
3.23

3 . 1 5 - 3.34
3 . 1 5 - 3.32

-----------------------------------------------------------------

929
877

3.42
3.44

3.42
3.44

3 . 0 8 - 3.73
3 . 1 1 - 3.74

NO RKERSt

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

M A K E R S

M A N U F A C T U R IN G

3
-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

_

16
16

1 04

5
3
52
52

"
133

133

_____ 1
1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - i ,
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.




-

“

1 2

- 1

3
3

4
4

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r v d iv is io n , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1965'
Hourly earnings'

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Occupation1 anc industry division

Median J

Mean3

Middle range"'

$
1.78
1.69

GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN
---------------------------j 2 , 2 9 6 !
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------1,547
/4 9
NONMANUFACTURING
-j
GUARDS
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

i , 3 38

WATCHMEN
1
MANUFACTURING------------- --------------------- |

2 09

$
1.91
1.67

$
1 .611 .39 -

$
1.97
1.95

2 .33
2.04
i . 70

2.56
2.71
1.35

1.982.521.26-

2 .76
2 .79
2.23

2.68

134
95

2.72

2 .56 -

2.79

2.33 -

2.57

%
1.50

$
1.60

$
1.70

S
1.80

$
1.9C

$
2.CC

$
2 .1C

t
2.20

$
2.3C

$
2.40

$
2.50

$
2.6C

$
2.80

S
3.00

$
3.20

S
3 .40

$
3.60

1.30

1.40

1.50

1.60

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.CC

2 . 10

2.20

2-30

2 . 40

2.50

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.2G

3.40

3 . 60

3.80

16
18

2
2

5
5

23
^3

7

-

59
2i

12
11

I
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

7

“

-

-

“

-

3 26
3 26

83
83

47
47

17
17

16
15

33
28
5

14
5
9

5
2
7

126
52
76

121
113

2 81
25C
31

657
6 44
13

337
2 80
57

31
27
4

2
2

8
8

p

121
107
14

_
-

3

56
31
25

~

~

3
3

-

-

-

31

5

34

99

6?

169

624

2 74

21

-

-

8

-

-

8
8

2.5C

2.10
2.29
1.90
2.38
1.93 j
1.78 !
2.C5
!

2.2C
1 .942.27
2 .22 1.96
1.572.44
2 .22 2.09 ! 1 .5 8 1.92 j 1 .4 9 2.052 * 12

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

I
-

5
-

2
-

1
-

1
-

5
-

1

_
-

”

5
~

_
-

JANITORS, PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
I
(wCMtN? -----------------------------------------------------! 1 . 5 3 0
MANUFACTURING----------------------;
297
NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------------' 1 , 2 3 3
146
PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 5---------------------------[
130
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------j
FINANCE5---------------1
542

'
i
1 . 7 4 I 1.73 :
2.11 1 2.09 ;
1.66
1.7 C !
1.91 1 1 .8 5 j
1.65 1 1.65
1.75
1.74 1
!

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

1 .50 1.811 .411.811 .621.71-

1.80
2.31 !
1.77|
2.011
1 .66 |
1.77

4
4

99
63
36
2
34
-

145
108
37
37

61
14
47
47

30
30
30

22
22
-

36

135
135
-

16

_

-

-

"

1
7
_

-

3
-

2

lfc

14

40

81

20

6

2 26
221
1
189
6

2 33
73
16C
7
5
1
131

63C
152
4 78
25
31
9
399

1096
1C 2 6
7c
37
14
?
11

4 84
43?
72
7
1
-

183
129
54
49
5
-

230
172
58
51
6
1

63
54
9
?
1
1
~

28
28
18
10

1
“

ill
21
90
11
3
8

3?
31
2
2

48
28
2C
17
-

25
2
23
-

66
66
-

22
2:
;

3 18
251
67

6 14
600
i 4

-

-

-

28

-

61
5
56
22
9

146
46
IOC
-

ICG
10
9u
2
2
19

84
84
10
4
1
3

11?
21
96

61
i

3 29
5
324
it
41
2

34
34
13
lfc

270
270

2

82
82
3
3
4

38
?
31
3
4

191
2
189
?
102
56

53 5
64
471
15
t
45C

102
102
13
15
26

-

-

-

15
12
31

-

-

“

-

48
29
19
18
1

,

_

_

1

-

-

5 86
6 78
5 25 , 3 81
61 | 297
9
28
33
288

164
107
57
32
14
11

3 65
95
270
270
-

26
26

2 . 56
2.56
2.58
2.96
2.40
2 .59

2 .52 1 2 .2 9 !
2.5C
2 .32 2.6 i
2 .09 3.13 ! 2 .8 1 2.57 j 2 .0 7 !
2.21 i 1 .9 1 -

2.701
2.65 J
3 .12 !
3 .16 !
2.66,
3.59

-

-

lt>
16

23
23

15
15

1C
1C

5
9

124
90
34

32
32

298
53
2 45

195
137
58

-

-

-

13

15

7

9

34

32

24C
5

fc
46

4 1
24

1

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------------! 1 , 3 6 8
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------f
5 53
8 15
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------t
WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------------- !
4 11
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------|
4 04

2.71
2.61
2.79
2.53
3.05

2.57
2 .56
2 .58
2.53
3.52

I 2.43 2.51I 2.321 2 .27 2 .36 -

2.90 t
2 .70 :
3.52 ,
2.59;
3.64

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

1
-

85
85
67
18

76
1C
66
44
24

9'
278
34
44

92
77
15
10
5

4 17
251
166
157
9

179
93
86
3C
56

51
23
28
28
-

62
61
1

1

47
16
29
2H

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------------;
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------j
NONMANUFACTURING --------•
------- -------------- |
WHOLESALE TRAC E--------- — ------------- |
RETAIL TRADE -----j

9 22 I
799 ]
i
1 23 ,,
63 !
60 !

2.37
2.24
2.39 1 2 .2 C
2 .24 | 2.25
2.28
2.31
2.16 I 2 . 2 * !

2 .04 2 .042 .19 2 .20 2.17-

2.51 *
2.61'
2 .3 1 1
2 .35 1
2.28 ‘

lit
114
2
2

2 42
222
1C
e
2

67
55
12
7
5

67
fc
59
22
3?

92
04
23
21

24
24

7
7

-

-

-

56
54
2
2
-

46
46

4

97
93
4
4

PACKERS.

209 ! 2 . 0 9
;

-

150

10

24

9

11

-

5

-

13
12
1

26
3
23

4

1

22

*

2'
21
1C
10

40
2f
20
16
1

e5
54
31
30
1

113
69
44
14
30

4

31
24
2

3

-

16
14
2
1

56
39
17
15

107
75
32
26

MATERIAL

HANDLING

-------------- i

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LI T IE S 4-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------- -----------RETAIL TRAD5 ----------------------------------

SHIPPING

tWOMEN* -----------------

i




end

o f ta b )'

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

4
4

"

-

! 2 .44 j 2.532.28<2.47i 2 .16 -

2 .81 |
2 .83 ;
2 .79 '
2 .70f
3 .81 [

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

! 2.72

i 2.55 -

! 2 .75
j 2.65
,
1 2.67

i 2.57» 2 .53-

2 .95 f
2 .99
2 .9 1 |
2 .9 1 i

*

~
-

-

! 2.58-

-

6
6
-

-

-

-

-

lfc

1

i

-

-

It

7
1

1

_
-

-

*

2 .64
2.61
2.66
2.65
2.64 ■ 2.5S
2.60 i 2.55
2 .75 | 2,72

-

-

1C

-

-

388 jI 2 » 1 1
2 88 1 2 . 8 0
ICOj
2.68
1
61 1 2 . 6 9

at

5
5
5

2.18 j

SHIPPING CLER KS ------- ------------------------------- I
MANUFACTURING-------—---------------------------|
NONMANUFACTURING --------------- —----------WHOLESALE TKADt — ------------------------ !

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

j 2 .04 -

456
233
223
62
122

1

-

-

2.C7

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------i
NCNMANUFACTURINC ------------------------------ (
WHOLESALE TRADE ------------!
RETAIL TRADE -----------------------|

1
1
^
|
;
1

1

-

-

$
4 .00

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
-

-

2
2

~

over

_

“

_

i

* ,, 0 7 7
2,608
1,469
4 04
691
3 30

LABORERS,

$
3.80

an d

-

2.30
2.36
2.15
2.54
2 .20 l
1.9b!
2.17

2.41

4 , 131
JANITORS* PORTERS* ANCCl EANFRS -------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------- j 2 , 1 2 7
NONMANUFACTURING — — ~----------------------| 2 , 0 0 4
2 16
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S " ----------------------- - - i
i 17
WHOLESALE TRADE — ----------------------l
36 7
RETAIL TRADE — -------------------------------i
661
FINANCE5 ---------------------------------------------j

j

$
L.40

and
under
1.20

ELEVATOR OPERATORS ,PASSENGER
|
(WOMEN* ----------------------------------------------------- ;
NONMANUFACTURING
---------------------------j

$
1.30

o
o

L
of
workers

s
1.20

c
6

s
1.10

f

1

*

7

6

7

-

5

3

7

-

4

2 68
162
10 6
63
26
9

“

-

-

-

-

-

64
-

36
36
~

64
64

64
61
3
3
-

14
14

20
20

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

68
58
10
8
2

13
12
1

2

-

4
-

2
2

32
-

_
-

78
58

46

20

2

16

~

1

-

-

135

16
16

-

-

_

-

~

32

-

-

-

-

2

32

44

-

4
4

"

-

-

13
13

3

6

9

2

4

4

3

-

1

2

-

-

5
-

-

2

3

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area b asis
by industry division, Pittsburgh, P a ,, January 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$
$
S
$
%
$
>.30 2 . A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .8 0 3 . CO 3 .2 0
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and

205
166
59
68

$
2.75
2.75
2.88
2.76

$
2.81
2.81
2 .8 6
2.76

$
2.602.582.812.A9-

A, 161
1 , 32A
2,837
1,570
6A0
622

3.10
3.C8
3.11
3.08
2.98
3.35

3.13
3.12
3.13
3.13
3.1A
3.10

2.9A2.792.963.072.672.95-

303
100
203
36

2.82
2 .8 6
2.80
2.03

2.93
3 . CO
2.93
2.59

2.652.712.622.5A-

3.08
3.23
3.01
3• U 7
2.87
2.96

3.12
3.17
3.11
3.13
2.83
2.96

2.953.112.932.972.6A2.93-

1.70

1.80

1.90 2,00

2.1C 2.20 2.3C

2.98
3.15
2.96
2.68

2, 1A9
715
1, A3A
910
325
198

1.60

3.19
3.2A
3.19
3.17
3.25
3.79

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NCNMANUFACTORING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4-------------

1.A0 1.50

$
2.95
2.93
2.91
3.0A

TRUCKDRIVERS6 -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------

1.30

3.18
3.63
3.15
3.16
3.1A
2.99

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANC INCLUDING A TCNS) --------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

A7
35
11
18

13
13
~

9
5
A
2

118
20
98
36
60
~

A5A
281
173
17
155
“

A
A
~

A3
10
33
19

Al
29
12
8

1
1
'“

52
A
A8
A8
“

181
73
108
1
1C6

~

11
11

18
18
A

-

2

16
12
12

2
2
-

18
16

over

-

_

-

A19
272
1A7
1A7

1A5
8
137
137

2
2
2

_
-

-

~

_
~

271
269
2
2

1
1
1

1A8
3
1A5

136
136
~

2
2

8
8

_

2 •AO 2.50 2.60 2 .8 0 3 . CO 3 .2 0 3 . A0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0
.
> A0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

A
A
3

11
11

o
o

1.20

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS
NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4 --------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------

$
$
1 ----- $
3. A0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 A . 00

_

_

63
23
A0

5
5

~

7A
55
Al
6

33
31
7
22

872 1739
232
376
6A0 1363
306 1208
126
A2
292
29

1A3
2
IA1
7

51
50
1
~

-

3A0
90
250
1
2A9

5
5
5

_
-

522 1053
33
292
A89
761
299
610
32
123
158
28

3A
18
16
16
“

1AA
1AA
-

5A1
3A
507
507

13
12

-

3
3
3

_

_

~

_
-

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVtR A TONS:
TRAILER TYPE) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -------------------------

1.0A7
216
831
506

3.27
2.97
3.3A
3. 1A

3.16
2.95
3.17
3.15

3 .1 1 2.913.133.12-

3.71
3.00
3.75
3.17

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

279
212

2.96
2.90

2.90
2.80

2.752.73-

3.20
3.23

6
6

A
A

1
1

99
99

3A
3A

65

60
60

2
~

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 4 --------RETAIL TRACE -----------------

1, 8AC
1,679
161
71
66

2.77
2.71
3.37
3.19
3.73

2.70
2 .6 8
3.28
3.25
3.81

2.562.553.223.223.72-

2.96
2. 87
3.77
3.27
3.86

106

78
76
2
-

28A
283

556
538
18
3

232
232
-

100
3A
66
66

13
A
9
3

26
26
26

35
35
35

15
15
-

TRUCKERS, PCWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------

1,193
1,170

2.89
2.89

2.78
2.78

2.662.66-

3.2A
3.2A

A5
A3

60
60

1

18

8
8

1
2
3
4
5
6

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premi um pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




3A
3A

16
16

6C
6C

105
1

1

12
12

and late shifts.

62
62

3
3

1

63
63

~

285
282
3
2
~

85
83

A15
AC3

70
70

1

-

1
1

3A6
3A6

-

~

12

~

15

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(Distribution of establishments studied in a ll industries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance salary for selected categories
of inexperienced women office w orkers, Pittsburgh, P a., January 1965)
Inexperienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum weekly straight-tim e salary 1

Other inexperienced c lerical workers 2

Nonmanufacturing

A ll
schedules

A ll
schedules

40

Establishments stu d ie d ______________________________________

212

79

XX X

133

Establishments having a specified m in im u m ___ ___ _______

118

52

48

_

_

_
1
6
2
14
7

37 V
z

66

_
1
6
2
19
8
8
18
7
6
6
8
3
3
7
6
3

$40.00
$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00
$72.50
$75.00
$77.50
$80.00
$82.50
$85.00

_ ------ ---------- ----------------------__ — ---- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------— —
---------------------------- —
_ ------- — ------------------------- —
____ __ _________________________
__________________________________
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------— -------- --------------------------------_ ____ __________________________
__

_

--------------------- --------------------------

_______________________________________________
—

------------------------------

-------------

_______________________________________________

-

-

5
1
3
10
4
4
3
3
2
2
5
3
2

-

5
1
3
9
3
4
3
3
2
2
3
3
2

-

-

-

2
2
2

2
1
1

2
1
1

-

-

-

1

1

1

Establishments having no specified m inim um ------------------------

43

14

Establishments which did not employ w orkers
in this c a te g o r y ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

50

13

$85.00

$87.50
$90.00
$92.50
$95.00

Data not available

—

------------------------------------------------------------------- __ ------------__ ------------

$87.50 —

$90.00 —
--------------- -------------------------------$92.50 ----- ----------------- — ------------------ —
$95.00 __________________________________
$97.50 __
------- --------------- ----------------------

-----

-----------------------------------------------

-------------

1

Manufacturing

Based on standard weekly hours 3 of—

A ll
industries

XX X

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

40

All
schedules

40

37 V
z

40

XXX

212

79

XX X

133

XX X

XX X

40

125

56

50

69

15

42

_

_
-

2
1
1
2

4
11
4
4
3
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
2

_
1
2
4

_

-

1
2
7
3
18
6
12
16
8
9
7

2
4
-

4
10
5
4
5
3
2
2
5
3
1

3
9
3
4
5
3
2
2
4
3
1

_
2
1
1
2
_
2
2
1

_
4

-

1
2
6
1
14
6
8
6
3
5
2
5
1
1
2
3
1

5

-

8
3
2
3
5
1
1
2
3
1

3
2
-

2
-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

8

3
3
7
6
2

-

-

-

-

1

2
2
2

2
1
1

2
1
1

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

2
_
-

1
1

-

12
3
6
3
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
-

-

_
-

-

1
1

-

_

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

XXX

29

XXX

XXX

45

15

XXX

30

XXX

XXX

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

41

8

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XX X

1

XXX

XX X

1

XX X

1

XXX

XXX

These salaries relate to form ally established minimum starting (hiring) regu lar straight-tim e salaries that are paid for standard workweeks.
Excludes w orkers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger o r office g irl.
Data are presented for a ll standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported.




Nonmanufacturing

Based on staridard weekly hours 3 of-

6




Table B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

'Shift di f f e r e n t i a ls of m an u fa ct u ri n g plant w o r k e r s by type and amount of diff ere nti al,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Ja n u a r y .1965)
P e r c e n t of m a n u fa c t ur in g plant w o r k e r s —
1
Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h avin g fo r m a l
p ro v is io n s 1 fo r —

A c tu a lly wo rk in g on—

Second shift
w o rk

T h ir d o r oth er
sh ift w o r k

T o t a l ________ __________________ __________________________

98. 8

97. 4

24. 0

14. 2

W ith shift p a v d iffe r e n t ia l __

98. 3

!

97. 4

23. 8

14. 2

U n ifo r m cents (p e r hour)

89. 0

!

88. 1

22. 0

13. 6

1.
1.
3.
2.
65.
3.
6.

;

_

3 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------------5 c e n t s ______ ____________________________________
6 c e n t s _________________________________________
l l/ z cents
8 c e n t s __________________________________________
9 c e n t s __________________________________________
10 c e n ts _________________________________________
11 c e n ts __________________________________________
12 c e n ts _________________________________________
12V2 c e n t s ______________________________________
13 c e n ts _________________________________________
14 c e n ts _______ __________________________________
15 c e n ts ____________ _____________________________
16 cents.__ _______________________________________

1
|
!
■
I

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ______________________________

1

o
3
2
0
6
2
1

.4

T h ir d o r oth er
Second shift
shift
___________________________j___________________________
|

\

I

-

l-9

|
'J
;
|
|

1. 0
.5
3. 5
6. 3
-5
67. 4
4. 2
1. 0
2 .4

.4

1
!

-5
,4

1 .3
3 .2

_

■

_

. 2
•4
. 7
. 5
17. 3
. 6
1. 0
. 3
.5
_
. 5

:
!

,
1
|
1
!

-

-

!

W ith no shift p ay d i f f e r e n t i a l ______________________

j

9 -3

9. 3
i. 3
, 6
7, 3

1

j

•2
. 2
1. 3
•Z

|

, i

1. 7

2 .2
. 6
6. 4

'

5 p e r c e n t _______________________________________
7 p e r c e n t _____ __________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ______________________________________

. 1
_
, 1
. 1
. 3
.8
(1
2)
11.5
. 3
. 1
, i

1
!

.5
1

.4

*2
. 1
•3

i __________________________
_
1 Includes e s t a bl is h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y ope ra ti ng late shifts,
even though they w e r e not c u r r e n t ly oper at in g late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0. 05 pe rc en t.

and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is i o n s

c o ve r in g

late

shifts

Table 8-3.

Scheduled W eekly Hours

P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n ot o i f i c e a n d p la n t w o r K e r s in a i l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k i v h o u r s
.'f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , ° i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1965)

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
V e e k ly

h o u rs

1
'

A ll
i n d u s t r ie s

1
j M a n u f a c t u r in g

________________________________________________________ 1
____________________
1
1
!
1

)
j

P u b lic
u t i li t i e s

2

j
i
J

W h o le s a le
tra d e

PLAN T

;

R e ta il tr a d e

A ll
4
i n d u s t r ie s

F in a n c e 3

i

j M a n u fa c tu r in g

w o r k e r s

1

P u b li c
u tilitie s

i

’ 00

L

1

W h o le s a le
tra d e

|

1

100

j

R e t a il t r a d e

1 --------------------------- —

i

’
I

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

32V2 h o u r s -------------------------------—
^5 h o u r s ------------------------------------- —
O v e r 35 and under 37 llz nours .
y i l! z h o u r s -----------------------------------371 4 h o u r s -----------------------------------3
*4
/
383 ho urs -.________________________
/4
39% h o u r s -----------------------------------40 h o u r s _______________________ ____
41 hour s ,
4 1 V4 h o u r s , ________________________
O v e r 4 1 V4 and under 48 hours ,
48 h o u r s ____________________________
50 h o u r s ____________________________

j

100

<s )

3

20
(5)
3
1
7
1
(5)
f5
")
(5)

!

!
j
!
i
1
|
;
1
1

1

100

(5)
(5)
4
1
95

I5
’)

;

10 0

i

;
i
!
f
j
1
1
i
1
!
I

10 0

,
15

|

5
1
•2

55

30

,

!
i

1

■
-

!

1
1
1

1 00

100

4
(5)
6

i

I

!
1
j

39
_
(5
")

1
2
I
|
i
!
!

i

57

_

j
j
1
!
|

1
0
5
1
2

_
.

|
;

1 includes data fo r se r v i c e s m addition to those industry di visions shown se par at ely .
z Tran sp ort at ion , communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, in sur an ce , and r e a l estate.
4 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v i c e s in addition to those industry div isio ns shown s e pa ra te ly .
3 L e s s than 0.5 percent.




0
0

A ll w o r k e r s

-

,

!

i
1
l
_
.
93
]
1
3
(*)

j

10 0

100

i
1
!
;

.

.
92
.

I
1

i
!

2

!
0

,

1
0

42

j
j
;

5
3

!
1

!

1

4
-

97
3

18

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(Percen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by number of paid holidays
provided annually, Pittsburgh, P a. , January' 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A l l w o r k e r s ------------------------

All
industries 1

-----------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id h o lid a y s ______________________________________
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p a id h o lid a y s ____________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1
2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3
4

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

99

100

98

100

100

100

93

~

-

(5)

-

2

-

-

-

7

1
77
16

( 5)

N u m b e r o f days

1 h o lid a y _______________________________________________
5 h o lid a y s — __________________________________________
6 h o lid a y s ___________ ________________________________
6 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d ay __________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
6 h o lid a y s p lu s 3 h a lf d a y s ________________________
7 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
7 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf day ________________________
7 h o lid ay s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
8 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
8 h o lid a y s plu s 1 h a lf d a y __________________________
8 h o lid a y s p lu s 2 h a lf d a y s ________________________
9 h o lid a y s ____________________________________ _______
10 h o lid a y s
__ _____________________
10 h o lid a y s p lu s 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
11 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
_____ ____________________________
12 h o lid a y s ____

o

.

_

_

3

-

16
1
16
23
14
22
4
3
2

(5 )
11
3
3
1
44
4
2
20
3
1
3
3
1

(5 )
2
60
4
4
23
2
3

(?)
( 5)

( 5)
1
2
5
9
12
34
39
86
88
99
99
99

(* )
(?)
( 5)
3
5
32
36
97
97
100
100
100

( 5)

1
1
10
1
47
13
27

-

-

-

-

( 5)
"

-

-

-

-

-

6
-

■

.
2
5
10
5
1
52
3
2
8
3
1
3
2
2

(?)
( 5)
13
1

_

(?)
(5 )
56

4
1
71

(5 )
1
20
1
3
1

( 5)
1
19
1
3
-

-

1
1
• 28
1
42
8
18

16
11
-

30
6
24
3
7
2

2
65
16
10
-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

"

"

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

2
9
13
37
44
84
84
100
100
100

10
10
26
26
91
91
93

T o t a l h o lid ay tim e 6

12 day s
11 d ay s o r m o r e .. __________________________________
10V2 d ay s o r m o r e _____________ ____________________
10 d a y s o r m o r e _______ ___________ _______________
9 d a y s o r m o r e . ____________________________________
8 x day s o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------/2
8 d ay s o r m o re _ ___
____________________________
7 V2 d ay s o r m o r e _____________________________________
7 d ay s o r m o r e __________________ ___ _____________
6 V2 d ay s o r m o r e ______________________________ ____
6 day s o r m o r e ________ ____________________________
5 d ay s o r m o r e ________________ __ ________ _____
1 d ay o r m o r e ________ ___________ ___________ ___

_

_
27
40
40
87
89
99
99
100
100
100

_
2
5
8
30
44
83
84
100
100
100

_

6
6
22
22
99
99
99

2
5
8
8
12
20
25
26
83
93
98
100
100

1
1
2
5
5
26
26
83
84
97
97
98

1
1
1
3
4
24
24
95
96
100
100
100

18
26
26
68
69
97
97
99
100
100

1 Inclu d es data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n icatio n , and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 In clu des d ata fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.
6 A l l c om bin ation s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sa m e am ount a re com bin ed; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 day s
w ith 7 fu ll day s and no h a lf d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll d a y s and 4 h a lf d a y s , and so on. P r o p o r t io n s w e r e then cu m u lated.




in clu d es those

19
Table B-5. Paid Vacations1
(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n o f o ffic e and plan t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an u ary 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A l l w o r k e r s ____________________________________________

Wholesale
trade

All
2
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Finance 4

All
5
industries

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
91
7
1
1

100
88
9
1
2

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1
40
44
3

2
6
2

2
2
3

4
26
-

11
18
3

13
_

-

-

-

-

-

84
5
10
1

88
6
4
1

88
2
10

67
_
33

73
_
27

-

-

-

Retail trade

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s _______________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n tP e r c e n t a g e p aym en t_____________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t _______________________________
O t h e r _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________

-

Am ount o f va c a tio n p a y 6
A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k __________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks _
_

_

_

2
46
16
1

4
59
10

28
12

7
41
9

17
_

( 7)

-

-

-

19
2
77
2

9
3
85
3

61
1
38

27
_
73

65
_
35

-

-

-

_
_
95
5

5
2
89
3
1

5
_
90
3
2

8
17
75
-

9
_
91
_

17
1
82
-

_
95
5

63
14
22
1

75
15
9
1

41
6
53
-

37
15
48
_

33
7
60
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
( 7)
92
2
4

3
90
1
6

4
1
96
_

2
_

11
1
89
_

12
15
71
2

12
19
65
2

3
15
82
_

8
2
89
_

-

( 7)
1

( 7)
1

10
3
88
_
-

-

_
_
95
5
-

-

-

-

3

3
_
90
1
6
-

_
_

11
15
71
2

12
19
65
2

( 7)
1

( 7)
1

6
3
91
_
_

3
15
82
_
_

8
2
89
_
_

-

-

-

1
1
89
3
4
1
1

_

A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
A ft e r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
A fte r 3 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------- ------------------------

91
_

-

7
-

-

4
1
96
_
_

2
_

11
1
89
_
_

95
5
_

-

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w eeks _
_ _ _______
_ _
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s
3 w eeks _
_ _ _
_ _
_ _
4 w eeks

( 7)
92
2
4
-

-

91
_
7
-

_

_

_

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ______________________ _____ ____________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w eeks
O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w eeks

See footnotes at end of table,




( 7)
89
3
8

88

100

91

95

_

_

_

_

12

-

9

3

_

-

_

_

-

_

_

“

"

_

~

92
8

1
88
4
4
2
1

_

_

5

_

100

7
90

90

-

_

_

_

-

2

6

-

_

_

-

“

"

2<

Table B-5

Paid Vacations1— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o i o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s i n a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n pa\
p r o v i s i o n s , P i t t s o u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1965)

O F F IC E

A
H 2 I M
anufactu
ring j
in stries
du
|

Vacation, poiict

Public
utilities '

1

i

Amount of vacation pan ' — Continued
A fter 10 years

Oi.

W ORKERS

i
,

W olesale
h
trade

,

service
'

2r

;

34

It

!

4
4

!
:
S

C)

!

24
3
65
3
4
3

’

69
1
8

:

76
-

22

65

:

|

R
etail trade | Finance4
|
!
!
I
t
!
!
1
1
!
t

1

|
!
j

59

W olesale
h
trade

| Retail tradt

4
____________

!

1
I

74
5

'

r

[

;

i

Kt

1

23
6
64

7?
.

?
2

2

_

W ORKERS

Public ^
utilities'

i

21

41

PLAN T

i
anufactu
ring 1
1 - du
„ stries
| in AT 5 j M
1
|

42
3
55

5t

;

39

3
5

5_
46

2

Alter i2 year, oi service

tlTld0’ 3 W> tc5
i=
,
....... ..........
3 w -<
ot*.U ..... .. .. .. . __
Cnro-r- S an;1 nnripr ^ weeks
.... .
2 \xrpplfk ...................... . ..........
( Wp»r 4 w eetet
..........
. . ..

1
!
■

|
i
I
1

14
3
72
?
2

1
i
!
1
!
1
1
I
I

i
24
i
70
5

_
2

Over 1 and under ^ w eek s--------------------------3
0 r< »t ? Ann nnHpr *
^=
.... .
3 wp»fiks
.
{"Vyo r 3 ar|4 l^nfipT 4 mpplrs
. .............
4 wPPK.t,
-

87
3
6
1

a nr.

nnfi"'*'

?

wppkr .. ... ..
.

3 ^upp|f(
A

...
.... ..

. ....................

.

...... .

9
1

„
.
__ _
_

1

;

2

21

v
20

74
5

65
2

'
1

94

6b
1
3:
5

2C

52

2p
13
5
c

65

46

2

i
<

i

6

;

03

3

8°

;

If

92
6

i
I

I

10
Q
72
3
3

3
;

!
f
!

2

_

-

i

n

59

n )
4

j.
j

83

82

\

S

[
:
j

0
4
2

90

93
4

9
3

2

1

C)

Alter 25 years of service
1
H)
!
I
i
Over ] and under i weeKi ----- -------______------- ? W>>^
l= £ k
. .. .
1
3
;
3 we < kr.
=
>
.... ........
1
18
i
1
4
!
i
70
|
Over 3 weeks .
___________ ...... ........._ i
5
I
i____________ !_
L
includes oasic plans only.

85

|

Alter 20 years of service
t
Dvfi')' 1

|

:

i

;

!
t

41

|
1
t

:

Alee:, if. years Oi service
f?)

55
1
C
33

1

2
50
i
3C
8

'

i
67

!
I

10

6i

4:

2r

43

.
1
8
b
7b
10

1
t

|

-

i
43

1
C
15

3
33

95

41

7
.<
!

5*
5
]

:

1
1

ft

[

2

[
1

63
5
23
5

!
1
1

_
3
77
5
ii

n

1
|
'
!

v
i’

|

i

i
1

7?
V

|
i

1
6
8
73
1(

3
33
64

!

7
6i

|

2?

c
4t
4f

,
:

1
3
t
7i

8

t
•

_
5
37
i

9

I

1

53

2

2
!

n

Excludes plans such as vacation- savings and those plans whicn oiler "extended ’' o: ' ‘sabbatical" benelits beyond basic plans to worKerr

with qualifying lengths oi se rvi ce ,
Typic al of such exc lu si on s a r e plans in the steel, a lu m in um and can industries
* includes hat?, for s e r v i c e s m addition to those in dustry di visions shown s e p a r a t e s
.transportation, communication, and other public utilities
1 Finance, in suranc e, and r e a l estate.
1
: includes data for r e a l estate and s e r v i c e s m addition to those industry divisions snown separate.5>
.includes payments othe- than "length of t i m e , " such as perce nt ag e of annual e ar ni ng s or f l a t - s u m payment:.*, conve rted to an equivalent time ba si s, fo r example
a payment of .. percent o
annual earn ing s w as c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay.
P e r i o d s of s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y chosen and do nof n e c e s s a r i l y re fl e c t the individual
pr ov is io n s ioi p r o g r e s s i o n s
F o r ex am pl e, the changes in pr oportions indicated a r 10 y e a r s ’ s e r v i c e include changes in pr ov is io ns o c c u r r in g between 5 and 10 y e a r s
E st im a t e s a r e cumulative
Onus, the p rop ort io n re c e i v i n g 3 w e e k s ' p a y or m o r e a ft er 5 y e a r s includes those who re c e i v e 3 weeks
pa'- or m o r e after le w e r y e a r s of service
' L e s s than 0. 5 percent




T'lble 3-6. Health, insurance, and Pension Plans
P e r c e n t o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n b e n e f i t s , 1 P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 19652

O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Type of benefit

Life in s u r a n c e -______________ ______ _______________
accid en tal death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n c e __ _____________________________________
S ick n ess and acciden t in su ra n c e or
sick le a v e o r both 6 ___________ _____________ __

100
......... —

100
j
1---- ---- - = = f
-

i
98
39
72
47

S ick n ess and accident in su ran ce.___________
Sick le a v e (fu ll p ay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )_______ _______ _____ ____
Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l nay o r
vaiting p e rio d ) — ____ _____ ______________ ____

34
83
63
55
88
1

1

100

99

!

83

j

!
i

63
72

;

56

!

72

48

j

1

58

-

100
100
93
89
71

1
|
l

2
74

73

48
39
66

!

( 7)

:
|
!

I

!
|
1

1

AH 5
industries

!

40

22

Public n
utilities'

200
-- — -- ■
<

;

j
—
j1

W
holesale
trade

100

Retail trade

F=------------------

10

'-00

: qo

98

W ORKERS

38
38

ii

43

~2

|

90

76

‘■9
>

31

1

83

p5

12

^4

!

65

44

;

44
12

so

j
1
1

7

Tl

.,3

17

1

27

-6

1

50
23
14

1

99
98
77
44
95

100

69

|

i
Manufacturing {

100
i
|
100
ioo
;
i
- - — —1-------------------- 1-------------------- 1
I
!
s
34

«

65
ii

67

i
1

1

53

33

58

rlo sp italizatio n in su ra n c e _____ ____ ,_______ __
S u rg ic a l in s u ra n c e ____ ____________________________
vledical in su ra n c e
.Catastrophe in s u ra n c e ________________________ ___
R etirem en t pension,_____
_____ __ ____________
N o health, n s u ra n c e , >r p en sio n p lan _______
F

|

Financei *

°L A N T

o
o

V o r k e r s m esta b lish m e n ts p ro vid in g:

100
--------------------- b -

!
Wholesale
| Retail trade
trade
[
1-------------------- (!
j

o
o

____ ____ ______ _______________ _—

o
o

i l l w o r k e r s _______ _

1

Public ,
utilities

Manufacturing

industries

|

i
I

33
30
23
34
74
12

!

1
:
!
!
|
j
|
!

*

i

94

j
j

48
«
29
78
95

!
|
!

21
88

8

;

i

>9
98
42
15
)5

|
i

100
i OO
i Z
7 3
88

j

34
61
o9
26
74

32

5
34
32
30
17
j

i

"5
10

i
i -------------------- 1
-

.

....

-

1
______________ i

!
_______________;

1 Includes those plan s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the cost is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n s com p en sation , s o c ia l s e c u rity ,
-nd r a ilr o a d r e tire m e n t.
Includes d ata io r s e r v ic e s m addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , co m m u n icatio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
^ n clu d es data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
’ 'Jnduplicated to tal o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sic k le a v e o r s ic k n e ss and accident in su ra n c e shown s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e p la n s a re limited, to those w h ich d e fin itely
e s ta b lis h at least the m in im u m n u m b er of d a y s ’ p a y that can be exp ected by each em p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is a r e excluded.
T e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




22

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1965)
O FF IC E W OR KER S

P L A N T W OR KER S

Sick leave provision
All
industries

A ll w o rk e rs ________________________________________

W o rk ers in establishments providing
form al paid sick leave__________________________
W o rk ers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick leave_______________________

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

z

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

All
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

59. 4

72. 4

57. 8

49. 6

36. 2

43. 9

10. 1

1. 2

49. 2

28. 9

32. 2

40. 6

27. 6

42. 2

50. 4

63. 8

56. 1

89. 9

98. 8

50. 8

71. 1

67. 8

13. 8
13. 1
2. 1
. 6
.2
4. 7
2. 0
( 7)
1. 0
. 1
.3
.6
. 4
. 4
. 4

11. 6
11. 3
. 5
4. 7
1. 3

3. 9
3. 9

3. 8
2. 5
1. 1
.2

2. 1
2. 1
1. 0
. 1
.3
. 1
_
.3
. 1
-

. 4
. 4
_
_

3. 1
3. 1

9. 7
9. 7
3. 6
_
2. 6

10. 5
10. 5
7. 4
_
_
.9
_
2. 2
-

. 3
. 3

. 4
. 4

43. 9
33. 7

60. 2
57. 5

-

-

2. 2
2. 9

1. 5
4. 6
1. 6
8. 2

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually

Uniform plan:5
No waiting p e r io d ______________________________
Full pay 6____________________________________
5 d a y s ____________________________________
6 d a y s ____________________________________
7 d a y s ____________________________________
10 days
12 days
15 days
30 days___________________________________
130 d a y s _________________________________
20 days per disability___________________
F ull pay plus partial p a y 6_________________
5 d a y s ________________________________________
Waiting p e rio d _____________________________________
F u ll pay -------------------------------------------------------------------

Graduated p la n 5 After 1 year of service:
—
No waiting p e r io d _________________________________
F ull pay 6________________________________________
1 day _______________________________________ _
5 d a y s ________________________________________
10 days _______________________________________
20 days _______________________________________
22 days
30 days
43 days _______________________________________
40—50 days
F ull pay plus partial p a y 6___________________
5 d a y s ________________________________________
10 days _______________________________________
11 days___________________________________
17 days_________________________________ _
20 days _______________________________________
22 days _______________________________________
25 days _______________________________________
20 days per disability___________________
Waiting p e r io d ______________________________ ____
F ull pay __________________________________________
F ull pay plus partial pay ____________________
P a r t ia l pay on ly _______________________________




S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,

1. 0

4. 6
1. 6
. 6
18. 9
10. 2
. 2
. 4
. 8
2. 8
. 1
1. 1

2.9
. 6
. 9
. 9
-

-

.8
. 3

3
9
8
8
0
0

1. 2

21. 6
21. 6
2. 7
8. 9
7. 1
_
2. 9
-

-

-

■

*

53. 9
15. 5

14. 5
12.9

18. 9

-

-

9.4

3. 5

-

3. 0
-

-

-

-

“

■

1. 0
-

38. 1
2. 7
. 2
. 2
-

-

4. 9
-

38.4
1. 3
-

7. 4
24. 3
-

5. 3
-

33.
28.
13.
3.
2.
3.

1
3
0
8
4
9

-

-

_

.6

-

1.
3.
4.
4.
2.
2.

-

-

2. 4
-

7. 0
1. 6
1. 6
-

-

18. 9
-

4. 2
-

14. 7

22. 2
6. 0
-

3. 3
-

2. 7
-

16. 2
. 8
-

-

15. 5
-

13. 5
13. 5

-

-

.4
_
-

4. 8
1. 7
. 1
. 6
.
.
.
.

1

5
3
1

3. 1
. 9
1. 1
. 2
. 1
. 4
. 4
1. 6
. 6
. 7
. 3

'

.
.
.
.
.

1
1

_

1. 5
_
_
_
-

20. 3
9.4
-

5. 1
_
_
_

4. 2
1

-

10. 9
3. 4
-

3. 0
-

4

4. 6
8.9
-

8. 9
4

-

_
_
3. 5
-

1. 4
1. 4

17.
15.
3.
8.

7
3
8
6

-

2. 9
_
_
-

2. 4
_
-

2. 4
-

-

16. 9
_
_
_
_
_
-

16.9
4. 8
9. 1
_
_
-

3. 0
-

4. 8
4. 8
-

23

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave— Continued

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n u a r y 1965)
O FF IC E W OR KER S

Sick leave provision
All
industries

x

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

P L A N T W OR KER S

Retail trade

Finance 2
3
1
4

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually— Continued
Graduated p la n 5— A fter 10 years of service:
No waiting p e rio d _____________________________
Full p a y 6--------------------------------------------------------------------- 7
10 days__________________________________
40 days -------------------------------------------------------------------50 days _______________________________________________
65 days _______________________________________________
85 days _______________________________________________
260 d a y s _____________________________________________
80— d a y s ______________________________
90
120—130 d a y s ___________________________
Full pay plus partial pay 6 _______________
15 days__________________________________
30 days-----------------------------------------------35 days__________________________________
50 days__ ______________________________
60 days. _________ ___ ____
65 days__________________________________
70 days_____________ ___ ______________
72 days-------------------------- ------------------60 days per d is a b ility _________________
P artia l pay o n ly --------------------------------------Waiting p e rio d ---------------------------------------------Full pay plus partial p a y ------------------------

45.2
31.4
.4
.8
1.7
4.7
1.1
.6
17.0
1.9
13.7
.5

1.0
1.7
1.0
4.2

60.8
54.2
.8
.7
8.3
1.0
-

34.3
3.8
6.6

1.5
1.6
.6

.1

-

2.8

-

.6

-

-

53.9
14.3
-

8.4

14.5
12.9
2.4
3.5

-

-

-

7.0
1.6
_
1.6
_
-

4.9
39.6
7.4
-

1.3
24.3
5.3
-

32.4
-

22.2
3.3
3.3

-

-

7.0
1.7
.1
.1
.5
.5

-

-

-

-

.3

_

_
_

.1

.1

-

32.4
4.2
13.5
_
14.7
_
_
_
-

-

18.9
2.7
_
_
_
15.5
_
_
_
_
-

5.0
.6

_
1.1
.6

.5
.1
-

-

3.2
_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
_
_
_
_
_

.3

_
_
_

.3
.7

-

.7

6.4

4.4

_
_

-

_

-

21.7

-

.3

.4

17.7
15.3
3.8
2.9
8.6

-

.4

1.3

37.2
9.4
-

4.2
_
_
27.9
_
_
_
_

3.0

_
2.4
_

_
_

_

21.7
4.8

_

_

_

9.1
4.8

_
2.4

_

3.4
16.9
4.6

_

3.0
_

_
_

_
_
_

.4

_

_

_

8.9
8.9

_

_

-

-

.1

-

Provisions for accumulation
W o rk ers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation of
unused sick le a v e -------------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

1.6

Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
"U niform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each
year.
"Graduated plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service.
P eriods of service w ere a rb itra rily
chosen. Estimates reflect provisions applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression.
Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick
leave after 10 years of service may also receive this amount after greater or le ss e r lengths of service.
6 May include provisions other than those presented separately. Num bers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which w orkers receive sick
leave at full pay; w orkers are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
7 L e ss than 0.05 percent.




T ab le B-8,

Profit-Sharing Plans

( P e r c e n t of o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d m e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p ia n b
b y t y p e o f p la n , P i t t s b u r g h , P a , , J a n u a r y 1965)

OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS
1

T ype of plan

All
2
industries

Public j
utilities

Manufacturing

j!

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

All
.
industries

Finance4

Manufacturing |
'
|

i

j

Public 3
utilities

1

t

I

f

Wholesale
trade

| Retail tradf;
i

j

i
100

100

100

j

100

I

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
1?

I

16

5

!
1

^

2

f

I

:
1
i

-

!

30

23

■
11
1
|
( 6)
I
100
I
77
92
j;
83
1
1
_ _ _ _ _ 1_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1

1

!
t
|

I
I
!

!

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s ... ....

48

31

3

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's ch oice
r t f m ethod
Hi pf-ril-viyt-inn...........

23

|

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r cu rre n t
di sfrf-jHivfi rvn ..
.... ... . .

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r both c u rre n t and
d e fe r r e d d is trib u tio n ---------------- -------------------

i

8

10C

100

4

48

!

io o

i

1

100

!

4

j
i

i

18

7

i

j
!
1
j

2

!

2

2

I
|

i

|

|
1

1
;

1
fi
1
!
!

!

|

i

( 6)

i
69

_ _ _

1j

52

95

i
i_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

i
1
|
i

10u

1------- 1 "

T

96

|
1
!
!

;

15

I

!
ioo

|
j

93

j

|
!
!8 2

i _ _ _ _ _ L_ _

The study w a s lim ite d to fo r m a l p lan s ( l ) h avin g e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r the a llo c a tio n o f p ro fit s h a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s; (2) w h o se fo r m u la s w e r e co m m u n icated
to the e m p lo y e e s in advan ce o f the d eterm in a tio n of p ro fits ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a co m m itm en t b y the co m pan y to m ake p e rio d ic co n tribu tio n s b a s e d on p ro fits ; and (4 ) in
w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 In cludes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly ,
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er p u blic u tilitie s ,
4
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
5 In cludes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a t e ly
6 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for tihese occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, s*nd probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with die
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerics.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties iiivolve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine w ok.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position— Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

30
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32
E L EC T R IC IA N , M A INTENAN CE

HELPER, M AINTENAN CE TRA DES— C on tin u ed

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the followings Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34
TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US TODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truck drivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under lVz tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----

The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irectory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BJLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and p rice

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_____________ ____ ___________ —
Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., M ar. 1964*._____ ___
T
Albuquerque, N. M ex ., Apr. 19641________ __________ __
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J ., Feb. 19641 —
N
Atlanta, Ga., M ay 19641 ________________________________
B altim ore, Md., Nov. 1964 ’ ___________________________
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, Tex., May 19641_____________
P
Birmingham, A la., Apr. 1964 1_______ ______ ___________
Boise City, Idaho, July 19641 __________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1 -_____ —___ __ __________ __—

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641 ______________________________
Burlington, Vt., Mar. 1964_____________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1_________ __ __________________
Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 19641 _______________________
Charlotte, N.C., Apr. 19641 ___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga., Sept. 19641— _________ -__ ___
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 _______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y., M ar. 19641—-------------- ---------—
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964-1 ___________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ___________________________

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 19641 _______________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111., Oct. 19641-------------------------------------------------Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965..__________________________ ____
Denver, C olo., Dec. 1964 —___________________ ______ __ _
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1 —____________________ ___
Detroit, Mich., Jan. 1964_______________________________
F o rt Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 1__________________________
Green Bay, W is ., Aug. 1964 1---------- -------------------- --G reenville, S.C., May 19641____________________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1 ------—_______________________

1430-25, 30 cents

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964------ ---- ------------— --------------Milwaukee, W is ., Apr. 1964_______
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651——— — — —
.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 19641 ........
Newark and Jersey City, N .J., Feb.
19641 — — — ——
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965___________ —__ —
—
New Orleans, L a ., Feb. 1964__ ___________ — — ———
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641______________ 1385-72,
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964—_____ —
______ __ _______
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 __ _______ — ______

Bulletin number
andprice
1430-29,
1385-56,
1430-39»
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,

25
25
30
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964 ____________ __________ __ 1430-17,
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N.J., May 1964 1 -------- — — 1385-62,
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641_______ 1430-28,
Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 19641______________________ — — — 1385-54,
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19651____________________________ 1430-41,
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964._____________— __ —__— — 1430-21,
Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1964 1-------------- -----— — 1385-67,
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.-M a ss., May 1964-_______ — 1385-65,
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964 — ------—----------------------- ---- 1430-6,
Richmond, V a ., Nov. 1964 — ___________________________ 1430-19,

25
25
35
25
30
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
30
1430-33, 25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641_________________ 1385-60,
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 19641____________ 1430-22,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1964 1__________
San Antonio, T e x ., June 1964—____________ 1385-74,
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, C alif.,
Sept. 1964—_______________________________________ ——
—
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1______________________ ___
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., Jan. 19651— ---------- —
Savannah, G a., May 1964 1-_________________________ ——
Scranton, P a ., Aug. 1964- — ___________ —_____________
Seattle, W ash., Sept. 1964____ ___— ______________ __

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 1964.________ __________ ________ 1430-30,
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 19641____________________________
1385-41,
Jacksonville, F la., Jan. 19651 _________________________ 1430-38,
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Nov. 1964—____ —____________ 1430-26,
Law ren ce-H averh ill, M ass.-N .H ., June 19641 ____ ___ 1385-76,
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, Ark., Aug. 19641— —
1430-7,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., Mar. 1964 1 — __ — 1385-59,
.
L ou isville, Ky.-Ind., Feb. 1964________________________ 1385-50,
Lubbock, T e x ., June 19641______ ___ ____ ___________ ___ 1385-75,
Manchester, N.H., Aug. 1964 1 —___________ ______ __ ___ 1430-4,
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1965_____________________________ 1430-40,

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964—__________________ ____ 1430-15,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1----1385-51,
.
Spokane, W ash., May 1964—____—__________ __ _____ ..— 1385-78,
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964________________________________
1385-46,
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 19641______________________________ 1430-35,
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a., Oct. 19641________________ 1430-14,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1______ _________ ________
1385-48,
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641—__________ __________ _____ 1430-23,
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 1964 1________________ —__________ 1430-11,
W o rcester, M ass., June 19641_____
1385-79,
York, Pa., Feb. 19641__________________________________ 1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

l

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102