View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

000

MINNEAPOLIS—
ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA
JANUARY 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
MINNEAPOLIS—
ST. PAUL, MINNESOTA




JAN U ARY 1 9 6 5

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 -3 9
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
P a ge

The Bureau of L a b o r S ta tistics p ro g ra m o f annual
occupational w age su rveys in m e tro p o lita n a rea s is d e signed to p ro v id e data on occupational earn in gs, and e s ­
tablishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s .
It y ie ld s d etailed data by s elected industry d iv is io n s fo r
each o f the areas studied, fo r econ om ic region s, and fo r
the United States. A m a jo r co n sid era tio n in the p ro g ra m
is the need fo r g r e a te r in sigh t into ( l ) the m ovem en t of
w ages by occupational c a te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the
structure and le v e l of w ages among areas and industry
d ivisio n s.

Introduction______________________________________________________________________
W age trends fo r s e le c te d occupational grou p s______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.
A t the end o f each su rvey, an individu al a re a
b u lletin presen ts su rvey resu lts fo r each a re a studied.
A fte r com p letion o f a ll of the individu al a re a bu lletins fo r
a round o f su rveys, a tw o -p a rt su m m ary bu lletin is issued.
The fir s t p a rt b rin gs data fo r each of the m etro p o lita n
areas studied into one bulletin. The second p art p resen ts
in form ation which has been p ro je c te d fr o m individu al m e trop olitan a re a data to re la te to econ om ic regio n s and the
United States.

B.

E igh ty-tw o areas c u rren tly a re included in the
p ro g ra m .
In form ation on occupational earnings is c o llected annually in each area . In form a tion on establish m en t
p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p ro v is io n s is obtained
bien n ially in m ost of the a re a s .
This bu lletin presen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
M in n eapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , in January 1965.
It was
p rep a red in the B u reau 's re g io n a l o ffic e in C hicago, 111., by
Edward Chaiken, under the d ire c tio n o f Kenneth Th orsten .
The study was under the g e n e ra l d ire c tio n o f W oodrow C.
Linn, A ssista n t R egion a l D ir e c to r fo r W ages and In du strial
R elation s.




back

* N O T E :- S im ila r
c o v e r .)

t a b u la tio n s

1
4

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope o f su rvey
and num ber studied__________________________________________________
Indexes o f standard w eek ly s a la rie s and s tra ig h t-tim e
hourly earnings fo r s e lected occu pational groups,
and p ercen ts of in c re a s e fo r se le c te d p e rio d s ____________________

3

O ccupational e a rn in g s :*
A - 1. O ffic e occupations— en and w o m e n __________________________
m
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations—
m en and w o m e n _______________________________________________
A - 3. O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ical occupations—
m en and wom en com bined____________________________________
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occu p a tio n s_______________
A - 5. C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem en t occupations_______________

10
11
13

E stablish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age p r o v is io n s :*
B - l . M inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r w om en o ffic e w o rk e rs ____
B -2 . Shift d iffe r e n tia ls _______________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled w eek ly hou rs________________________________________
B -4 . P aid h o lid a y s ____________________________________________________
B -5 . Paid va c a tio n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension p la n s _______________________
B -7 . Paid sick le a v e _________________________________________________
B -8 . P r o fit-s h a r in g plan s____________________________________________

15
16
17
18
19
21
22
24

Appen dixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e s c r ip tio n s _______________________________
B. O ccupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________________________

are

3

a v a i la b le

fo r

o th e r

are as.

(S e e

in s id e

C u r r e n t r e p o r t s on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r a c t i c e s
in the M i n n e a p o lis —St. P a u l a r e a
a r e a ls o a v a i la b le f o r au to d e a l e r r e p a i r sh o p s
( O c t o b e r 1964), the m a c h in e r y i n d u s t r ie s (M a y 1964), and m i s c e ll a n e o u s p la s t i c s
p r o d u c t s (J u n e 1964).
U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i li n g p a y le v e ls , a r e
a v a i la b le f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c t io n , p r in t in g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s ,
and m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e lp e r s .

m

5
9

25
27




Occupational W age Survey—Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.
Introduction
schedules (rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf hour) fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a r e paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earn in gs fo r th ese occupations have
been rounded to the n e a re s t h a lf d o lla r.

T h is a re a is 1 o f 82 in w hich the U .S . D epartm ent o f L ab or*s
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and re la te d w age ben efits on an a rea w id e b a s is .
In this a re a , data
w e r e obtained by p erso n a l v is its o f Bureau fie ld econ om ists to r e p ­
resen ta tive establish m en ts w ith in s ix b road industry d iv is io n s : Manu­
factu rin g; tran sp ortation , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s ;
w h o lesa le tra d e; r e ta il tra d e; fin an ce, in su ran ce, and r e a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in du stry groups exclu ded fr o m th ese studies a re
govern m en t operation s and the con stru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries.
Establishm ents having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re
om itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym en t in the
occupations studied to w a rra n t in clu sion .
Separate tabulations a re
p ro vid ed fo r each o f the b road indu stry d iv is io n s w hich m eet pub­
lic a tio n c r it e r ia .

Th e a v e ra g e s p resen ted r e fle c t com p o site, a rea w id e estim a tes.
In d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fr o m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t a ccu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among job s in individual
establish m en ts. S im ila r ly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and w om en in any o f the s e le c te d occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay trea tm en t o f the sexes w ithin individual e s ­
tab lish m en ts. O ther p o s s ib le fa c to rs w hich m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r m en and w om en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin estab lish ed rate ra n ges, sin ce on ly the actual ra tes paid in ­
cumbents a re c o lle c te d ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p ro p ria te ly c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d esc rip tio n . Job d escrip tio n s used in c la s s ify in g em p loyees
in th ese su rveys a re usu ally m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because of
the u n n ecessary cost in v o lv e d in su rveyin g a ll estab lish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r p ro p o rtio n o f
la r g e than o f s m a ll establish m en ts is studied. In com bining the data,
h o w ever, a ll establish m en ts a re given th e ir ap p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
tim a tes based on the establish m en ts studied a re p resen ted , th e r e fo r e ,
as rela tin g to a ll establish m en ts in the in du stry grouping and a rea ,
except fo r those b elow the m inim um s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes re p re s e n t the total in a ll
establish m en ts w ith in the scope o f the study and not the num ber actu ally
su rveyed . B ecau se o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re among e s ­
tablish m en ts, the estim a tes o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fr o m
the sam ple o f establishm ents studied s e r v e only to in d icate the r e la tiv e
im p ortan ce o f the job s studied.
T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
stru ctu re do not m a te r ia lly a ffe c t the a ccu ra cy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings *
3
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
fo llo w in g typ es: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
m ent.
O ccupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
d escrip tion s design ed to take account o f in te r establish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties w ith in the sam e jo b .
The occupations s e le c te d fo r study
a re lis te d and d e s c rib e d in appendix B.
E arn in gs data fo r som e of
the occupations lis te d and d e s c rib e d a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because e ith e r ( l ) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p ro vid e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d is c lo s u re o f in dividu al establish m en t data.

E stablish m en t P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
In form a tion is p resen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tab les) on se le c te d
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and su pplem entary w age p ro v is io n s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s .
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l e m p lo y ees, and fo rc e -a c c o u n t con stru ction w o rk e rs who
a re u tiliz e d as a sep arate w o rk fo r c e a r e excluded. "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w orkin g s u p e rv is o rs and n o n su p erviso ry w o rk e rs p e rfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w ork in g f o r e ­
m en and a ll n o n su p erviso ry w o r k e r s (including leadm en and tra in e e s )
engaged in n on office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routem en a re
excluded in m anufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonm anufactur­
ing in d u stries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earn in gs data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i. e. , those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n .
E arn in gs data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and
la te sh ifts.
N onproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re
rep o rted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, r e fe r e n c e is to the w o rk




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (ta b le B - l ) re la te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v is ite d . T h ey a re p resen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
w ith fo r m a l m inim um entrance s a la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (ta b le B -2 ) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk e rs
in m anufacturing in d u stries.
Th is in fo rm a tio n is p resen ted both in
te rm s o f (1) estab lish m en t p o lic y , 1 p resen ted in te rm s o f to ta l plant
3
2
w o rk e r em ploym ent, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra c tic e , p resen ted in te rm s o f
w o rk e rs actu ally em ployed on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establish m en ts having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo r ity was used or, i f no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n " o t h e r " was used. In establish m en ts in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a r e paid at n o rm a l ra tes, a d iffe r e n tia l was re c o rd e d
only i f it applied to a m a jo r ity o f the sh ift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (ta b le B -3 ) o f a .m a jo rity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establish m en t a re tabulated as applying to
a ll o f the plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs o f that establish m en t. P a id h o lid a ys;
paid va ca tio n s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p ro fit-s h a rin g
plans (ta b les B -4 through B -8 ) a re tre a te d s ta tis tic a lly on the b asis
that these a re applicab le to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo r ity
o f such w o rk e rs a re e lig ib le o r m ay even tu ally qu alify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s lis te d . Sums o f in dividu al item s in tab les B -2 through B -8 m ay
not equal totals because o f rounding.
D ata on paid h olidays (tab le B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is ; i. e . , (1) a re p ro vid ed
fo r in w ritte n fo rm , o r (2) have been estab lish ed by custom . H olidays
o r d in a rily granted a r e included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
workday, even i f the w o rk e r is not granted another day o ff. The f ir s t
p a rt o f the paid h olidays table p resen ts the num ber o f w hole and h a lf
h olidays actu ally granted. The second p a rt com bin es w hole and h alf
holidays to show to ta l h oliday tim e .
The sum m ary o f va ca tio n plans (ta b le B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo r m a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arran gem en ts w h ereb y tim e o ff
w ith pay is granted at the d is c re tio n o f the e m p lo y e r.
Separate
estim a tes a re p ro vid ed a cco rd in g to e m p lo y e r p ra c tic e in com puting
va ca tion paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p e rc e n t o f annual earn in gs,
o r fla t-s u m amounts.
H o w ever, in the tabulations o f va ca tion pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b a sis w e re con verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was co n sid ered
as the equ ivalent o f 1 w e e k 's pay.
Data a re p resen ted fo r a ll health, insu rance, and pension
plans (ta b les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at le a s t a p a rt o f the co st is
borne by the e m p lo y e r, exceptin g only le g a l req u irem en ts such as
w o rk m en 's com pensation, s o c ia l secu rity, and ra ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
Such plans include those u n d erw ritten by a c o m m e r c ia l insurance
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in
late shifts.




com pany and those p ro vid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c t ly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f c u rre n t o p era tin g funds o r fr o m a fund set asid e
fo r this p u rpose.
D eath b en efits a re included as a fo r m o f life
insurance.
Sickness and accid en t insu rance is lim ite d to that type o f
in su ran ce under w hich p red e te rm in e d cash paym ents a r e m ade d ir e c t ly
to the in su red on a w e e k ly o r m onthly b a sis du rin g illn e s s o r accid en t
d is a b ility .
In fo rm a tio n is p resen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
e m p lo y e r con trib u tes. H o w e v e r, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J e rs e y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insu rance law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r contribu tions, z plans a re included only i f the e m p lo y e r (1) con ­
trib u tes m o r e than is le g a lly req u ired , o r (2) p ro v id e s the em p lo yee
w ith b en efits w hich e x ceed the req u irem en ts o f the law . Tabulations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo r m a l p la n s 3 which p ro v id e
fu ll pay o r a p ro p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's pay du ring absence fr o m w ork
because o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted a cco rd in g to
(1) plans w hich p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aitin g p erio d , and (2) plans
w hich p ro v id e e ith e r p a rtia l pay o r a w aitin g p erio d .
In addition
to the p resen ta tion o f the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs who a re p ro vid ed
sick n ess and accid en t insu rance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
to ta l is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith e r o r both types o f b en efits.
C atastrop h e insurance, so m etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ic a l in su ran ce, includes those plans which a re d esign ed to p ro te c t
em p lo yees in ca se o f sickn ess and in ju ry in vo lvin g expenses beyond
the n orm a l c o v e r a g e o f h osp italization , m e d ic a l, and s u rg ic a l plans.
M e d ic a l in su ran ce r e fe r s to plans p ro vid in g fo r com p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be u n d erw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l in su ran ce com panies o r n on profit o rga n iza tio n s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f r e tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ite d
to those plans that p ro v id e m onthly paym ents fo r the re m a in d e r o f
the w o r k e r 's life .
P r o fit- s h a r in g plans (ta b le B -8 ) a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plans
with d e fin ite fo rm u la s fo r com puting p r o fit sh ares to be d istrib u ted
among em p lo yees and whose form u la s w e r e com m unicated to e m ­
p lo y ees in advance o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits . Data are p resen ted
a cco rd in g to p ro v is io n s fo r d istrib u tin g p r o fit shares to e m p lo y e e s :
(1) C u rren t o r cash d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit shares within a short p erio d
a fte r d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fits ; (2) d e fe r r e d d istrib u tio n o f p r o fit shares
a fte r a s p e c ifie d num ber o f y e a r s o r at re tire m e n t; (3) com bination
c u rren t and d e fe r r e d plans; and (4) e le c tiv e d istrib u tion plans, under
which each p a rticip a n t is re q u ired to s e le c t w hether to take his share
o f the c u rren t y e a r 's p r o fit in cash, have it d e fe rre d , o r p art in cash
and p a rt d e fe r r e d .

it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in scope of s u rv e y and n um ber studied in M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n .,

M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
of study

In dustry d iv isio n

A ll d iv is io n s _________________________________________________________
M an u factu rin g ______________________________________________________
N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g ----------------- -------------------------------------------------T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and
other public u t i li t i e s 5 ------- _ ----- -------- ------ ---------W h o le s a le t r a d e ______________ ________________________________
R e ta il trad e _____________________________________________________
F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ______________________
S e r v i c e s 7 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 Jan u ary 1965

N u m b e r o f establish m en ts

W o r k e r s in e stab lish m en ts
W ithin scope o f study

W ithin
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
T o tal 4

O ffice

Plan t

T o tal 4

1, 237

270

302,600

60,200

176,100

177,290

“

487
750

100
170

139,100
163,500

19,800
40,400

86,900
89,200

82,920
94, 370

50
50
50
50
50

95
175
239
117
124

29
36
49
33
23

42,800
25,600
54,000
23, 600
17,500

8, 000
8, 200
6, 800
15,500

23, 700
11,100
41, 600
6 2,300

31,660
10,220
33,540
14, 530
4, 420

50

( 8)

( 8)

1 The M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistic a l A r e a co n sists of A noka, D akota, Hennepin, R a m s e y , and W ash in gton C ou n ties.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin scope of study" estim ates
shown in this table p ro v id e a re a s o n a b ly a c c u ra te d e s c rip tio n of the s iz e and com p o sitio n o f the la b o r fo r c e included in the su rv e y .
The e stim ates a r e not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e rv e as a b a s is
of c o m p a ris o n w ith other em ploym ent in d exes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u re em ploym ent tren d s o r le v e ls since (1) planning o f w a g e s u rv e y s re q u ir e s the
u se of e sta b lish m e n t data co m p iled c o n s id e ra b ly
in advan ce of the p a y r o ll p e rio d studied, and (2) s m a ll esta b lish m e n ts a r e excluded fr o m the scope of the su rv e y .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d edition of the S tan dard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M an u al w a s u sed in c la s s ify in g esta b lish m e n ts
b y in d u stry d iv isio n .
3 In cludes a ll esta b lish m e n ts with total em ploym en t at o r above the m in im u m lim itation . A l l outlets (w ith in the a r e a ) o f com p an ies in such in d u s trie s
as tra d e , fin an ce, auto r e p a ir
s e rv ic e ,
and m otion pictu re th e a te rs a r e c o n s id e re d as 1 e stab lish m en t.
4 Includes e x ecu tive, p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s exclu ded fr o m the s e p a ra te o ffic e and plant c a te g o rie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a te r tra n sp o rta tio n w e r e excluded.
6 E stim a te re la te s to r e a l estate estab lish m e n ts only. W o r k e r s fr o m the en tire in d u stry d iv is io n a r e re p re s e n te d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p ortion only in " a l l in d u stry "
estim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
7 H o tels; p e rs o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; au to m o b ile r e p a ir shops; m otion p ic tu re s; nonprofit m e m b e rs h ip o rg a n iz a tio n s (ex c lu d in g re lig io u s and c h a rita b le o rg a n iz a tio n s); and en gin eerin g
and a rc h ite c tu ra l s e r v ic e s .
8 This in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p re s e n te d in estim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu rin g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s trie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s.
S ep arate presen tation
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g re a s o n s :
(1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is too s m a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it se p a ra te study, (2) the sam p le w as
not d esign ed in itia lly to p e rm it se p a ra te p re sen tatio n , (3) re s p o n s e w a s in su fficien t o r inadequate to p e rm it s e p a ra te presen tatio n , and (4) th ere is p o s s ib ility of d is c lo s u re of in dividu al
e stab lish m en t data.




T a b le 2. Indexes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and stra ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r se le c te d occu p ation al gro u p s in
M in n e a p o lis -S t. P a u l, M inn. , Jan u ary 1965 and J an u ary 1964, and p e rc e n ts o f in c re a s e fo r se le c te d p e rio d s
Indexes
(J a n u a ry 1961 = 100)

P e r c e n t s o f in c re a s e

J an u ary 1964

Jan u ary 1964
to
Jan u ary 1965

J an u ary 1963
to
J an u ary 1964

Jan u ary 1962
to
Jan u ary 1963

In du stry and occu p ation al gro u p
J an u ary 1965

J an u ary 1961
to
Jan u ary 1962

Jan u ary I960
to
Jan u ary 1961

A l l in d u strie s:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n )-------In d u stria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m en ) —
S k ille d m aintenance (m e n )______________
U n s k ille d plant (m e n )______ ___________

111.
111.
114.
115.

2
4
8
3

108.
108.
111.
110.

9
6
6
9

2. 1
2. 5
2.9
4. 0

2. 4
2. 0
3. 6
3.9

2.9
3. 7
4. 0
2. 7

3.
2.
3.
4.

3
7
5
0

3.
5.
3.
4.

4
1
7
5

M a n u fa c tu rin g :
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m e n and w o m e n )_____
In d u s tria l n u rs e s (m en and w o m en ) —
S k ille d m aintenance (m e n )______________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) ___________________

110.
109.
114.
114.

6
1
5
2

108.
107.
111.
110.

7
0
0
3

1.
2.
3.
3.

1.
2.
3.
4.

2.
3.
3.
2.

4.
1.
3.
4.

2
6
8
0

3.
5.
3.
3.

1
1
8
6

8
0
1
5

8
1
5
0

5
2
3
0

4
W a g e T ren d s fo r Selected O cc u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta g es o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u stria l n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f s e le c te d plant w o rk e r grou ps.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s and in d u strial n u rses, the p e r ­
centages of change r e la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la r ie s a re paid.
F o r plant w o rk e r grou p s, they m ea su re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly e a rn in g s , excluding p rem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eek en d s, h olid a ys, and late sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta g es a re based on data fo r se le c te d key occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m e ric a lly im portan t job s w ith in each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the fo llo w in g
19 job s: B ookkeepin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , cla s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C o m p tom eter o p e ra to rs ; keypunch o p e r a to r s , c la s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten o gra p h ers, g e n e ra l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itch board o p e ra to rs ; tabu latin g-m ach in e o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u stria l nurse data a re
based on m en and w om en in d u stria l n u rses.
M en in the fo llo w in g
8 s k ille d m aintenance jobs and 2 u n sk illed job s a re included in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k ille d — c a rp en ters; e le c tr ic ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, au tom otive; p a in ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and . to o l and
die m a k ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c le a n e rs ; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la rie s or a v e ra g e h ou rly earn in gs w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the s e le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h ou rly earn in gs w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym en t in each of
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individu al occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g re g a te fo r
each occu pational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a p ercen ta ge)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g re g a te fo r the other
y e a r w as com puted and the d iffe re n c e betw een the re s u lt and 100 is
the p ercen ta ge o f change fro m the one p e rio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e com puted by m u ltip lyin g the ra tio s fo r each group
a g g re g a te fo r each p e rio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change m e a s u re , p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by in dividu al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the la b or fo r c e
resu ltin g fr o m la b or tu rn o ver, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o r k e r s em p loyed by establish m en ts
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the la b or fo r c e can cause
in c re a s e s o r d e c re a s e s in the occu pational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exa m p le, a fo r c e expansion m ight in c re a s e the
p ro p o rtio n o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w e r
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a redu ction in the p ro p o rtio n of lo w e r paid
w o r k e r s would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t of
a high -payin g estab lish m en t out o f an a re a could cause the a v e ra g e
earn in gs to d rop , even though no change in ra tes o c c u rre d in other
establish m en ts in the a rea .
The use of constant em ploym en t w eigh ts elim in a tes the e ffe c t
of changes in the p ro p o rtio n of w o rk e rs re p resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen ta ges of change r e fle c t only changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s tra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey are not in flu en ced by
changes in standard w o rk schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data p resen ted in table 2 and a ll A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere ap p lica b le, the re c e n tly n egotiated pay in ­
c re a s e s fo r m ost nonoperating ra ilro a d e m p lo y ees. T h ese
w o rk e rs w e re granted 9 cents an hour r e tr o a c tiv e to
January 1964 and 9 o r 11.4 cents, depending on occupation,
e ffe c tiv e January 1965.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p atio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n . , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

_

-

Number of work er s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

j

$

$

$

*

$

55
Me: i2

Median 2

Middle range 2

60

, 65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

1 10

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

over

1
1

31
12
19

21
4
17

42
21
21
8
6

49
39
10
1
8

54
27
27
4
13

52
31
21
17
3

80
28
52
30
17

38
10
28
25
2

G

43
2
41
25
16

46
4
42
34
8

46
l
45
33
11

9
4
5
3
1

-

-

~

14C

and
under

145
and

50

55

60

65

70

75

1
-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1

-

-

1

l

-

16

13

32
10
22
1
17

_

_

2
1
l
1

3
1
2
1
l

23
3
20
14
1

13
5
8
3
1

41
11
30
13
7

24
15
9
1
5

31
9
22
13
3

34
16
18
6
7

41
17
24
7
14

11
2
9
2
5

37
16
21
11
9

15
15
12
3

13
13
8
5

11
11
11
“

1
1
1

~

~

_

_

28
28
28

26
19
7
-

34
5
29
29

65
11
54
54

61
18
43
36

50
7
43
33

81
5
76
69

24
4
20
20

56
12
44
44

44
3
41
41

18
18
18

29
6
23
13

38
6
32
22

g
8
l
l

25
15
10
10

4

4

12

7

2

5

4

1

3

1

5

2

4

3

1

*

-

2

l

3

l

2

2

4

2

1

-

~

~

~

~

1
l

_

H EN

CLERKS,

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
40. 0

300
96
204
103
62

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

92.00
91.00
93.00
95.00
97.50

79 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 1 .0 0 - 98.50
7 8 . 50 -1 07 .50
7 7. 50 -1 12 .5 0
86 .0 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

---------------------------------------

589
119
470
419

40.0 103.50 102.00
40.0 105.50 100.00
40. 0 103.00 102.00
40.0 102.50 102.00

------------------------------------------------------

60

CLASS

A

-------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NONM ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

CLERKS,

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

ACC O U N TIN G ,

M A N UFACTU R ING

-------------------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

ORDER

TRADE

---------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------

M A NUFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING
WHOLESALE

------------------------------------------

TRADE

PAYROLL

92.00
88.50
93.50
95.50
96.00

-

-

-

-

39 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
87 .50 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 0 . 00 -1 16 .00
89 .50 -1 1 5 .0 0

_
-

_
“

_
-

82 .00 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

-

-

o
o

CLERKS,

B

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

WHOLESALE
CLERKS,

--------------------------------------CLASS

NONM ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

$
$
$
$
114.50 115.50 10 1.5 0-130.00
108.00 103.00 10 0.5 0-117.00
118.00 119.50 105.50-1 35 .00
127.00 130.00 118.00-1 38 .50
110.50 109.00
91 .50 -1 3 0 .0 0

582
207
375
191
145

ACC O U N TIN G ,

98.00

40.0

104.50

110.00

8 2 . 50 -1 30 .00

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0

65.50
60.50
68.50
86.50
63.00

61.50
58.50
6 3.50
91.00
59.50

5 5 . 5 0 - 72.50
5 3 . 5 0 - 68.00
5 7 .0 0 - 77.50
76 .00 - 93.50
5 6 .5 0 - 65.00

94.00

1

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

12
23
1C
12

-

-

1
1
1

N O N M ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC
O FF IC E

BOYS

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

31

-----------------------------------------------------------------

249
81
168
47
58

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------NONM ANU FA CTURING
P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------------------

WHOLESALE

TRADE

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

A

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

O PE R A T O R S ,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------NONM ANU FA CTURING
T A B U L A T I N G —M A C H I N E

------------------------------------------

NONM ANU FA CTURING

------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 4 ------------------------------------------------------------T A BU L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

C

39.5
40.0
39.0

248
99
149
33
60

39.5
95.00
40.0
97.00
39.0
94.00
40. 0 109.50
38.0
91.00

110.00
111.50
109.00

108.50
110.00
108.00

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

------------------------------------------

-

-

-

4

-

8

-

54
28
26

59
19
40

37
9
28
3
13

31
10
21

12
4
8
8

18
10
8
4
4

3
1
2
2

8

23

3

1

8
3
5

23
23
~

3
3

l
1
~

-

-

“

7

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

“

24

-

94.50
84 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
96.00
84 .50 -1 0 9 .0 0
94.00
84 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
112.00 10 4.0 0- 11 4. 50
93.50
8 3 .0 0 - 99.00

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

~

_

_

_

OPERATORS,

-------------------------------------------------------------------------

_

-

100.50-1 21 .50
IC O .00-123.50
10 1 . 0 C - 1 2 0 . 50

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------P U B LIC

159
62
97

-

-

5
_

_

_
-

7
2
5

13
5
8

14
9
5

17
5
12

35
11
24

10
3
7

15
8
7

18
6
12

24
7
17

11

4

9

23
5
18
1
15

23
4
19
8
8

24
22
2
1
~

33
12
21
17
1

15
6
9
4
3

2
l
1

-

35
14
21
l

7

2

2

_

4

-

-

2

-

-

4
-

-

-

“

~

2
2

15
l
14

14
5
9

-

-

-

2

3

4

13
13

10
8

5

12
12

23
21

25
1
24

21
15
6
5

-

79
62

39.5
39.5

78.50
76.50

80.00
79.00

68.506 6 .5 0 -

185
65
120
60

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

72.00
72.50
72.00
69.00

71.50
72.00
70.00
64.50

6 3 . 0 0 - 78.50
6 6 . 5 0 - 80.00
6 2 . 0 0 - 78.50
6 1 . 0 0 - 75.00

l

7

-

-

1
-

7
5

17
6
11
5

33
8
25
24

25
9
16
6

38
25
13
6

156
144
80

41.0
41.5
40.0

66.50
66.50
64.00

64.00
64.00
63.00

5 9 . 5 0 - 73.00
59 .5 0 - 73.00
6 0 .5 0 - 68.00

-

7
5
5

36
35
13

45
43
38

9
8
8

32
31
9

84.50
83.00

~

l

1

4

37
22

15

-

4

W OM E N

B IL L E R S ,

M ACH INE

(B IL L IN G

M A C H I N E ) ---------------------------------------------------------------------M A N UFACTU RING

--------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------WHOLESALE

B ILLE R S ,
M A C H IN E)

TRADE

M A CH INE

---------------------------------------

( BCOKKEE P IN G

------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------RETAIL

2

T R A D E --------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le ,




5
-

12
12
7

13

5
1

10
10
-

13
5

5
3

_

_

‘
14
7
7

~

'

9
5
4

-

2

'

~

-

2
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1
1

"

"

'

_

_

_

_

"
_

'

_

_

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n . , J a n u a ry 1965)

W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
S e x , o c c u p a tio n ,

and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Num
ber
of
w
oikers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
S

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

M
iddle range 2

50

55

(
60

$
65

$
70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

$
ICO

$
105

$
no

$
115

$
120

*
125

$

$

130

135

and
under
50

WOMEN -

$

%

$
1AO

55

60

-

-

-

-

65

1A 5
and

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1C5

110

115

1
l
—
~

6
2
4
4

19
13
6
4
1

48
48
13
33

37
1
36
9
15

25
15
10
2
1

38
15
23
23

29
5
24
11
1

8
2
6
5

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

100
13
87
6
24
25

136
48
88
6
48
21

128
14
114
9
31
57

81
17
64

26
19
7
2
5

12
12

3

3

_

_

_

.

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

29
31

16
13
3
2
1

30

70
10
60
6
6
16
13

82
11
71
10
23
27
10

145
53
92
4
15
16
20

153
97
56
15
11
14
7

5

30
2
5
22
-

8
1
7
5
2

6
3
3
3

_
_
_

120

125

13C

135

1AO

1A5

over

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------R ETAIL TRAOE --------------------------

217
54
163
76
51

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.0

$
85.00
85.00
85.00
88.00
78.50

$
84.50
88.50
83.50
91.50
79.00

$
78.0074.0078.0079.5077.00-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------R ETAIL TRADE --------------------------

613
142
471
31
165
165

39.5
40. 0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0

69.00
74.50
67.50
74.00
69.00
68.00

69.00
72.50
67.50
70.50
69.00
70.50

6 2 .5 0 - 74.50
6 7 . 0 0 - 84.50
6 1 .0 0 - 73.50
6 4 .0 0 - 75.00
6 4 . 0 0 - 75.00
6 2 . 0 0 - 74.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETA IL TRAOE -------------------------FINAN CE4----------------------------------

841
241
600
114
144
117
135

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

90.00
88.00
89.00
87.50
90.00
89.00
101.50 106.00
90.00
92.00
79.00
80.00
93.00
92.50

8 1 . 0 0 - 98.00
8 3 .5 0 - 92.50
79 .00 -1 00 .5 0
8 7 . 00 -1 13 .50
8 1 .0 0 - 9 8 . OC
7 2 . 5 0 - 87.50
83 .00 -1 0 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------

1,906
411
l ,495
377
216
4C9
440

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

72. OC
71.00
72.50
79.00
75.50
64.50
72.00

70.00
69.50
70. 50
75.00
71.00
64.50
72.00

63.0064.006 2 .5 0 67.006 3 .5 0 58.506 3 .5 0 -

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINAN CE4----------------------------------

176
65
111
72

39. C
39.5
39.0
38.5

79.00
79.50
79.00
74.50

77.00
79.50
74.50
73.00

7 1 .0 0 - 85.00
7 3 .5 0 - 85.50
7 0 . 5 0 - 85.00
6 9 . 0 0 - 78.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------R ETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4----------------------------------

828
202
626
101
83
84
337

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

62.50
64.50
62.00
71.50
65.50
56.00
59.50

60.00
64.00
59.00
67.00
61.50
56.00
59.00

5 6 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 5 6 .0 0 57.005 7 .5 0 5 2 .5 0 5 6 .0 0 -

66.00
71.00
64.50
86.00
74.00
59.50
63.00

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUB LIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------FINAN CE4----------------------------------

542
116
426
33
320

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
39.0

54.50
54.50
54.00
62.00
53.00

54.00
53.50
54.00
64.50
53.50

5 2 .0 0 5 2 .0 0 5 2 .0 0 59.0051.50-

57.00
56.50
57.50
67.50
55.00

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------M ANUFACTURING---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------RETA IL TRADE --------------------------

292
114
178
71
53

40.0
40.0
40. 0
40.0
40.0

74.00
78.50
71.50
80.00
58.50

73.50
75.00
71.00
81.00
58.50

6 4 .5 0 70.5061.007 3 .0 0 5 3 . 5C-

85.00
87.00
84.00
87.00
64.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------R ETA IL TRADE --------------------------

562
192
37C
107
82
114

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.5

84.00
84.00
81.50
85.50
85.00
83.50
98.00 105.00
87.50
94.50
76.50
78.00

NONM ANUFACTURING --------------------------

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le ,




$
93.50
93.00
94.00
96.00
81.50

78.50
77.50
78.50
87.00
86.00
72.00
79.00

7 3 .5 0 - 94.50
7 2 . 5 0 - 91.00
7 3 . 5 0 - 97.00
8 2 . 00 -1 15 .50
8 1 . 5 0 - 99.00
7 1 . 0 0 - 84.50

“
l
-

1
-

1

~
17
2
15
-

6
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

87
2
85
3
17
26

_
-

_
-

7
-

7
-

7
~

-

12
_

5
5

-

_

_

_
_

_
_

_
_
_

_
_
_
_

-

-

-

-

-

_

14

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

15
12
3

-

-

-

-

-

9

6

6
2
4
4

24
7
17
15

46
11
35
26

27
15
12
12

27
14
13
3

12
7
5
-

6
5
1
1

10
4
6
3

13

1

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

13
5

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

143
24
119
22
7
34
50

269
45
224
9
30
28
148

179
43
136
10
18
12
93

110
36
74
23
3
6
39

41
24
17
4
6

26
21
5
2
3

19
3
16
5
11

11
5
6
6

8

6
1
5
5

4

/

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4

4
4

4
4

-

-

—
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

340
82
258
2
226

123
21
102
8
73

52
13
39
8
9

15

20

19

40
3
37
12
13

32
21
11

56
22
34
4
5
12

-

2
61
43

-

3
1
2

8
2
6

-

-

1
1

4
~

“

-

24
1
23
22
1

19
2
10

-

-

12
1
11
9
2

-

-

15

-

23
23
9

23
2
21
12
2

20
20

_

22

32
7
25
22
1
1
1

54
2
52
14
20

-

-

-

31
4
8

50
13
37
16
12
2
7

55
19
36
12
6
1
17

-

-

61
9
52
11
8

-

88
17
71
19
20
l
23

-

12

59
15
44

-

109
26
83
27
11
6
39

3

12

117
22
95
6
30
15
33

-

288
69
219
59
15
66
79

-

4
-

1

291
62
229
66
30
46
74

-

-

-

3

323
93
230
46
37
69
69

-

4

3
-

-

328
69
259
54
42
104
46

-

4

-

168
40
128
23
22
48
35

116
10
106

-

-

-

-

3
2
1

-

7

-

-

8
3
5

-

-

-

5
2
3
-

15
15

27
14
13
12

48
15
33
21

16
13
3

-

-

-

-

-

5

30
8
22
12
3

45
16
29
3
4
12

44
14
30
5
l
16

73
29
44
7
2
27

67
6
61
19
11
20

88
50
38
l
7
23

44
25
19
7
7
2

56
20
36
7
25
l

20
4
16
1
13
“

-

2
2

_

50
35
15
7
2

4
3
1
1

17
3
14
13
1

_

_

2

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

-

-

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

19

5

4

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

13
13

19
19

A
A

-

-

-

-

5
4
1
~

-

-

“

-

13

“

-

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l , M in n . , J a n u a ry 1965)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Numbe r of wo rkers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

WOMEN -

CONTINUED

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

$
100

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

1
1
1

16
3
13
13

31
31
2
29

75
10
65
35
30

77
25
52
24
28

147
39
108
4
68
32

65
15
50
2
37
11

35
19
16
8
8

47
31
16
11

10
6
4
4

I
1
1

8
8
2
4

38
15
23
5
11

100
52
48
12
32

84
31
53
8
34

59
41
18
6

61
22
39
10
21

238
121
117
23
16
4
74

125
54
71
12
20
8
31

38
20
18
1

45
Mean2

M
edian 2

$
$
76.00
73.00
80.00
77.50
72.00
74.00
100.50 102.50
73.50
73.00
65.50
65.50

M
iddle range 2

$
66.507 0 .5 0 6 4 .5 0 IC O .506 7 .5 0 5 9 . 0C-

$
83.50
87.50
7 9 .CO
IC4.50
7 7 . 5C
72.00

$

$

S

$

$

%

$

$

S

$

$

S

$

$

1

*

$

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

105

110

115

120

125

13C

135

140

145

over

11
5
6
5
1

38
38
32
6

23
12
11
11

-

1
1
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

22
14
8
5

21
15
6
2

4
1
3
-

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

l
-

-

1
l

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
8
4
3
l

4
2
2
2

17
3
14
14

12 C

20

1

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

12C
120

20
20

l
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

_

~

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2C
5
15
5
2
-

9
6
3
3
-

4
1
3
1
2

and
under

and

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------

579
168
All
54
196
152

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-----------FINANCE4------------------------------

4C0
151
205
39
115

39.5
40. 0
39.0
40.0
39.0

79.00
79.50
78.50
77.00
77.50

78.00
79.50
77.50
75.00
76. ,50

7 2 .5 0 - 8 6 . 0 0
73. 00 - 8 6 . 0 0
72.00- 8 6 .0 0
71 .0 0 - 8 6 . 0 0
72.00- 85.00

_
-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRAOE---------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------

1,227
379
848
253
183
101
311

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.0

72.00
70.00
73.00
90.00
66.00
65.50
65.50

69.00
71.00
68.50
IC O .50
66.00
66.50
66.00

6 2 . 5 0 - 7 6 . CO
6 5 . 0 0 - 7 4 . 5C
6 2 . 0 0 - 77.50
7 1 .5 0 - 103.50
6 1 .5 0 - 70.00
6 1 . GO- 69.00
5 8 . 50- 72.00

_
-

50
2
48
14
3
31

136
33
103
2
15
20
66

221
60
161
41
53
16
51

245
76
169
14
56
46
53

-

-

-

-

OFFICE GIRLS
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE 4--------------------------------------

425
64
361
57
82
199

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

55.50
54.50
55.50
56.00
57.0 C
53.50

54.50
54.50
54.50
55.00
56.00
53.50

52 .0 0 52 .5 0 52.0052 .5 0 5 3 . GO51. 50-

58.00
57.50
58.00
59.50
60.00
56.50

17
17
l
1
15

227
35
192
28
35
120

124
27
97
16
26
54

33
2
31
6
15
2

19

-

2

_

3

-

_

-

19
6
5
8

-

2

-

3

SECRETARIES---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 3------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------FINANCE 4--------------------------------

2,947
1,387
1,560
194
453
184
565

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
39. C

93.00
94.00
92.00
99.00
94.00
88.00
90.50

92.00
92.50
90.50
97.00
93.00
8 8 . 50
90.50

8 3 .5 0 - 1C1.50
8 5 . 5 0 - 101.50
8 1 . 5 0 - 101.50
8 5 . CO- 110.50
82. 50- 104.00
8 3 . 5 0 - 96.00
7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 0 . 0 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

3
3
2

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE4 ------------------------------------------

1,534
613
1,321
399
359
123
380

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.0
40. C
38.5

75.50
71.00
77.50
94.00
76.00
67.00
6 6.00

71.50
69.00
73.00
97.50
75.50
66.00
64.00

6 4 . SC- 82.00
64.GO- 76.50
64. 50- 84.50
7 9 . 0C- 10 8 .o a
6 8 .5 0 - 82.50
61 .0 C - 72.00
60 .00 — 71.00

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------------------RETAIL TRAOE -------------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------------

1,483
831
652
170
1 C2
88
17 5

39.5
39.5
39.C
40.0
39. 5
39.5
39. C

83.00
81.50
85.00
99.00
91.50
77.00
82.00

81.50
81.00
81.50
105.00
90.50
77.00
81.00

7 4 .5 0 - 88.50
7 5 . 5 0 - 87.00
7 2 .0 0 - 93.00
8 1 . 5 0 - 116.00
8 2 .0 0 - ICO .00
7 0 . GO- 85.50
7 4 .50- 8 8 . 0 0

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A5----MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

92
57

39.5
39.5

84.50
83.00

84.00
82.00

73. 50 73.CC-

357
32 8
36
82
67

41.5
41.5
40.0
39.5
39.5

69.50
69.00
93.50
65.00
68.00

67.00
66.50
96.50
64.50
70.50

5 9 . SC- 75.50
59. 00 - 74.00
8 7 . 0 0 - 99.50
6 0 . 0 0 - 71.00
5 8 . 5C- 74.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B5
NONMANUFACTURING---------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-----------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4-----------------------------------S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le .




95.00
90.50

-

93
9
84
l

13
7
28

159
55

104
12
15
8

67

337
167
170
27
64
20
53

513
265
248
28
67
75

77

192
37
155
37
91

78
13
65
26
24
9

45
18
27

376
153
225
15
33
32
128

352
142
210
16
82
26
59

301
107
194
46
60
25
49

194
93
101
29
45

_

6
6
6

159
49

5

110

5

224
130
94
17

-

-

-

13
8

-

-

“

-

-

-

3

~

2
1
86
85

-

3
3

9
9

-

-

3

4
5

-

13
17

-

4

239
86
153
9
51
16
57

118
20
98
2
16
80

34
15
19
9
10

8

55

364
204
160
15
30
25

22

3

-

386
194
192
14
59
27
71

374
188
1 E6
17
54
22
70

180
95
85
22
27
l
35

67
32
35
10
15
1
9

99
41
58
15
27
16

61
26
35
8
19

31
11
2C
5
7

-

-

37
7
30
18
12

52
1
51
49
2

79
6
73
68
5

37
37
37

21
21
21

12
1
11
11

60
38

26
4
22
4
9

26
8
18
13
4

38
38
26
12

—

-

8
2
6
2
3
-

8

-

1
3
3
3

1
1
l

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
18
18

15
15
15

1C
2

-

-

-

-

8

5
5
5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

6
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

1

20

26

6

2

300
198

213
148
65
7

109
64
45

15
43

261
182
79
13
15
19
32

10

29

7

9

1

“

13

9

14

13

7

5

1

9
9

6

7

12

7

4

3

9
3

2
1

46
39

89
87

34
30

28
24

18
15
3

9

10

5

-

18
17
17

2
1
1

3
3
3

13
3

11

2

23
2

3
11

6

-

17
9

l

2

9
19

102

32
22

9

22
-

22

6

9

4
10

-

9

38

6

11

5

8
1
l

-

“
-

-

-

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l , M in n . , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight -time weekly eai
$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

*

t

$

*

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

-

50
14
36
20
16

51
23
28
11
17

191
52
139
8
48
44
19

133
51
82
12
7
26
5

124
39
85
28
32
15
10

94
55
39
3
22
3
3

59
29
30
7
10
1
12

1<
1
18
4
9
1
4

27
12
15
1
9

4
4
-

6

2

6
1
5

2

6

4

2

1

3

1

1
-

3
1

1
1

2

45
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

and
under

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTlCNI STS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1
3-----------------------2
WHOLESALE TRAOE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------FINANCE45
------------------------------------------

76C
280
480
64
175
106
75

39.5
40. C
39.5
40.0
40.0
40.0
38.0

$
69.50
70.50
69.00
72.50
71.00
64.00
70.00

$
63.50
70.00
67.50
72.00
70.50
64.50
67.00

$
6 2 .5 0 63.0062.0068.5061.506 1 .0 0 60.50-

$
76.00
78.00
74.50
76.00
78.00
69.00
81.00

~

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------

65

o
G

WOMEN -

workers

50

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

87.00

87.00

7 8 . 0 0 - 94.00

-

-

-

-

-

5

20

5

12

13

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------

53

39.5

-0

o
o.

64.00

62.00-

72.00

*

2

-

31

4

8

4

1

1

2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL--------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------FINANCE4------------------------------------------

54C
158
382
33
13C
164

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39. C

71.50
74.00
70.50
72.00
70.00
70.00

71.00
74.00
69.50
73.50
70.00
68.50

6 3 . 5C66.5063.0062.5065.0061.50-

80.50
82.50
78.00
81.50
74.00
80.50

9
1
8
2
6

55
9
46
12
28

98
24
74
13
21
26

87
20
67
31
33

109
31
78
3
44
21

43
20
23
5
9
6

84
29
55
8
8
30

39
21
18
5
3

11
3
8
8

1

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING----------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC UTILITIES 3
—
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE---------F INANCE4-------------------

947
368
579
83
97
64
268

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
38.5

72.50
71.00
73.50
84.50
7 7 . 5G
71.00
68.00

69.50
69.50
70.00
88.50
73.00
70.00
67.50

6 5 .5 0 - 77.00
6 5 . 5 0 - 75.00
6 5 .5 0 - 79.50
7 1 .0 0 - 93.50
6 7 . 5 0 - 89.50
6 7 . 0 0 - 73.50
6 3 . 0 0 - 72.00

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
11
31
1
2
28

156
65
91
5
12
4
70

292
116
176
15
23
27
102

186
86
100
4
20
24
46

89
47
42
3
7
5
24

65
28
37
4
7
1
13

27
3
24
16
4
1
-

45
3
42
24
7

26
8
18
3
15

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.C
4 0 .C
40.0
38.5

63.00
65.00
61.50
82.00
61.00
60.00
58.00

61.00
64.50
59.50
74.00
59.50
60.00
57.00

5 6 . 5C- 68.50
5 9 .0 0 - 71.50
5 5 .0 0 - 65.00
70.C0-1C2.50
5 6 . 5C- 64.50
5 6 . 5C- 63.50
5 3 . 5 0 - 61.50

523
154
369
2
86
48
206

409
150
259
15
49
47
122

217
101
116
11
20
11
49

268
167
101
37
24
5
20

49
29
20

30

14

5

9

20

6

21

6

4
1
3

5

3

5

9
9

20
20

6
6

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 ---------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRAOE -------FINANCE4------------------

1
2
than the
3
4
5

1,891
669
1 ,2 2 2
126
206
130
641

_
-

-

_

1
1
1

-

336
40
296
4
25
17
235

9

5

2

—
1

1

6

8
7
1

2

5

1

5

11

l

5
5

11
2
1

1
1

-

5

3

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all wo rkers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the wo rkers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re al estate.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn., January 1965)
W e e k ly e a rn in g s 1
( s t a n d a rd )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
w o r k e rs

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

h o u rs1
( s ta n d a rd )

•
1

$

A ve ra g e
w e e k ly

75
M ean1
2

M e d ia n 2

M i d d le r a n g e 2

Under

$

S

8C

95

il
90

!t
95

iI

:t
100

105

$
110

$
115

$
120

6
125

$
130

$
13 5

$
140

il

$
145

15 C

$
155

$
160

$
1 65

1 70

and
and

under
75
80

85

90

95

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

“

-

-

1

-

2
2
-

5
5
-

19
16
3

15
15
-

-

-

~

3

16

27

57

3
3

4
4

_

1

7

3

15

4

1

13

10 0

10 5

110

115

—

2

-

2

120

125

130

13 5

10

12

34

10

12

34

47
47

84
47
37
11

54
26
28
14

140

1 45

1 50

15 5

160

165

170

75

79

75

73

84
70

45
41

31
18

21
13

34
19

7
6

48
12
36

12
6
6

15
4

2
2

14

6

11
5

2
2
-

1

-

_

_

_

_
-

over

MEN

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

A 3 ----------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------DRAFTSMEN,

$
140.50
138.00

$
$
1 3 2.00 -1 5 2.00
1 3 0.50-146.50

4 0 .0
40.0

119.00
116.00

1 0 9.00-130.50
1 C 6 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
UK c n
0 5 # DU . o q # D U
70 ca
9 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

127.50
132.00

C 3 ----------------------------------------

481

4 0 .0

9 4.50

9 4.00

119

4 0 .0

103.00

4C

4 0 .0

109.50

103.50
116.50

1 17

39.5
3 9.5

102.50
101.00

102.50
102.00

CLASS

u « i m r i/*Tiin f u r
H A N Ur A L 1 UK I N b

-

—

-------

N Q N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------PU B LIC

$
142.50
139.50

120.00
117.50
131.00
136.00

B 3 ----------------------------------------

N Q N M ANU FA CTURING

DRAFTSMEN,

40.0
4 0 .0

849
624
225

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------P U B LIC

535
450

U T I L I T I E S 4 --------------------------------

1 1 8.50 -1 4 0.00
127.00-143.00

9 1 .00-128.00

69

48

69

72

126

126

65

46

43

68

102

104

4

2

26

4

24

22

-

3

i

3

2

3

81
61
2C
7

88

63

86

59

36

9

3

3

6

2

-

72

39

17

1

17

14

20

19

12

8

3

3

2

1

3

8

3

3

6
6

2
2

-

1

2

17
12

35

12

15

5

2

1

_

31

10

6

4

_

_

-

-

_

_

14

7
2

53
29

1
26

-

-

—

“

~

~

1

_

_

-

-

-

“

~

.

_

W O ME N

NURSES,

1
2
3
4

(R E G IS T E R E D )
---------------------------------------------------

IND USTRIA L

M A N UFACTU RING

82

96 .C 0 -1C 9.50
9 6 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




3
1

_

_

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a r y 1965)

Average

Occupation and industry division

blLL ER S, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------WHOLESALE TRADE -----RETAIL TRACE -----------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T R I T I E S 2WFOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE --------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TR A DE -------------------FINANCE3------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT I E S 2 -----------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE--------------------F INANCE3------------------------------CLERKS, FI LE , CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------NCNMANUFAC TURING —
FINANCE3-----------------CLERKS, FIL E, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -----------NCNMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE ---------F INANCE3 --------------------

See footnotes at end of table.

A v e ra g e

$
74.00

65

40.0
40.0

'13/

40.0

72.50
74.50

40.0

69.00

6C

167
155

41.5
41.5

66.50
66.50

8G

40.0

64.00

2 31

39.5

62
169

40.0

86.50
88.50

39.5

8 5 . 5C.

76

39.5

88.00

51

39.0

7 8 . 5C

63C
145
48 1

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
4 0.C

75.00
67.50
75.00

165

40.0

68.00

1,423
44 8
975
3 C5

39.5
39.5
29.5

100.00
98,00

W e e k ly

( s t a n d a rd )

285
13 1
148
2,206
507
1,695

40.0
4 0 .C
40.0
39.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

48C
278

40.0

412

39.5

4 76

38.5

4 0 .C

69.00

ICi.OO
117.50
100.50
8 2 . 5C
9 3.50
74.50
74.50
75.00
82.50
80.00
64.50
73.00

183

39.5

79.50

65

39.5

-

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F IL E, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------FINANCE3 -------------------------------------------

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRAD E -------------------------------CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRAOE---------------------------------

118
426

39.5
40.0

33

39.0
40.0

320

39.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

$
54.50
54.50
54.00
62.00
5 3 . OC

881

40.0
4 0.C

92.50

/3

39.0

79.50

38.5

.74.50

834

39.5

62.50

202

40.0

64.50

632

39.5

62.00

1C2

40.0

72.00

83

40.0

65.50

84

40.0

56.00

342

29.0

59.50

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1

e a r n in g s 1

O C C U PA TIO N S

-

CO NTIN UED

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------------

2,556

39.3

1,393

39.5

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------F INANCE3--------------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE --------------------------RETAIL TRA DE ---------------------------------F INANCE3--------------------------------------------

1,485

$
9 3 . UO
94.00
9 2.00

1,563

39.5

195
455
184

4C.C

99.00

40.0

94.00

40.0

88.00

569

39.0

90.50

1,934

39.5

94.00

2 33

W e e k ly

(s ta n d a rd ] 1 (s t a n d a rd )

648

40. C

94.50

45C
104

40.0
40.0

99.50
82.50

622

40.0

85.50

215

40. C

82.50

4C7

40.0
4 0 .C
40.0
39.5

b 8 • 0 0

75.50
71.00

86.50

138
86

116
58G
168

40.0
39.5

412

40.0

55
156
152

40.0
40.0
40.0

77.00
76.00
80.00
74.00
1 0 1 .0 0

73.50
65.50

SWITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R S,

C L A S S A 4 -------

SWITCHBCARD OPERATORS, CLASS 6 4 -----NONMANUFACTORING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 ------------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------------

56

39.5

65.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------

4C4

39.5

79.00

154

40.0
39.5
40. 0

80.00
78.50

115

39.0

77.50

SW ITCHBOARD OP ERATCR-RECEP TI CN I S J S-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL T R AD E -------------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------

1,243

39.5

7 2 . 50
7 0 . OC

NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2 -------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------F INANCE3--------------------------------------------

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS-------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------WHOLESALE TRACE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE--------------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------

210
35

39.5

39.5
39.5

395
355

40.0
40. C

7 6 . OC

123

40.0

6 7 . JO

380

38.5

66.00

652

39.5
39.5
39.0

81.50
85.00

170

40.0

102
88

39.5
39.5

175

39.0

82.00

92
57

39. 5

8^.50
83.00

77.50
94.00

833

361
332
4C
82
6 7

39.5
41.5
41.5
40.0
39. 5
39.5

83.00

99.00
91.50
77.00

70.00
69.00
95.00
65.00
68.00

77.00

MAN LFA CT U R I N G -------------------------------------38 1

613
1,321

99.50

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------DUPL ICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
‘ (MIMEOGRAPH OR OITTO) ----------------------

of
w o r k e rs

O FF IC E

544

862

39.5

73.50

262

90.50

183

40. C
40. G

6 6 .0 0

1C1

40.0

31 1

39.0

65.50

674

39.5

59.00

145

3 9.5

58.00

7oC
280
480
64
175

39. 5
40. C
39.5

69.50
70.50

4 0 .G
4C.0

69.00
72.50
7 1 . OC

40.0
38.C

64.00
70.00

65.50

79.50

lie

Occupation and industry division

( s t a n d a rd )

69.50

36
166

W e e k ly

e a rn in g s 1

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

202

in u m b e r

Occupation and industry division

earnings 1
(standard)

O CCU PA TIO NS

BILLfcRSf MAChINfc (BI LLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------




W e e k ly

hours 1
(standard)

O FF IC E

W e e k ly

29.5
40.0

81.50

4C.C

59.50

85

40.0

57.00

24 1

39.0

54.50

75

39.5

109.00

40.0
39. G

111.00
1C 7 . 5 0

317

39.3

12 2

40. C

93.50
96.00

195
41

39.5

91.50

40.0

103.50

1 76
65
10/

59.50

63
115

TABULATING-MAChINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

106

525

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------------

6 8

4u • 0

87.00

65

38.0

91.00

11
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1965)

Occupation and industry division

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(s ta n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

132
11 L

39.5
39.5

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------------------------------M AMI IP AT 1 Ul\ IM H
—
—
___ _
n AIN U rM L TIIP ln lu
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 2----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------F INANCE3-------------------------------------------------

540
158
382
33
13 C
164

39.5
40. C
39.5
40.G
40.0
39.0

71.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 2----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------------F INANCE3-------------------------------------------------

956
375
5 83
83
101
64
288

39.5
40.C
39.0
40.0
40.C
39.5
38. 5

72.50
71.00
7 3 . 5C
84.50
77.50
71.00
68.00

$
74.00
72.00

W e e k ly
( sta n d a rd )

CONTINUED

TABULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

N um ber
W e e k ly
(s ta n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

A ve ra g e

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e
N um ber
of
w o rk e rs

Occupation and industry division

39.5
40.0
39. C
40.0
40.C
40.0
38.5

$
63.00
65.00
61.50
82.50
61.00
60.00
58.00

Occupation and industry division

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s *
(s ta n d a rd )

of
w o rk e rs

CONTINUED

W e e k ly
h o u rs 1
( s ta n d a rd )

W e e k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

70.50
72.00
70.00
70.00

<t
4>

85 7
6 32
225
74

DRAFTSMEN,

496

40.0

94.00

122
40

40.0
40.0

102.50
109.50

CRAFTSMEN-TRACERS4--------------------------------------

1,692
665
1,223
127
206
13C
641

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4-------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------------------

63

40.0

74.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------------------------r INANC b
------------------------------ ---- -----------

116
83

39.5
39.5

103.00
101.50

CLASS C4------------------------------------------------

nANUrAl, 1 U K INO

—

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A4-----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

535
45C

40.0
40.0

119.0C
116.00
127.50
132.00

—

NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LITIES2 ----------------------------PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

142.50
139.50

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1965)
Hourly earnings

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

1

Number of worker s rec eiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$

$

1.90 2 . 0 0
Mean2

Median 2

range 2
Middle i

22 1
103
lie

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUF AC TU RIN G-----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

416
33 2
66
64

S e e fo o tn o tes at end o f table,




70

$
3.18
3.21

$
3.08
3.32

$
2 .7 6 2.96-

$
3.47
3.39

3.15
2.77

2.83
2 . 72

2.702.66-

3.83
2.79

i .56
3.56

3.56
3.55

3.56
3.47

3.85
3.15

3.403.442.962.95-

3.85
3.81
4.07
4.05

$
$
S
$
$
$
$
t
$
$
$
$
2 . 20 2.3C 2.40 2.50 2. 60 2.70 2.80 2 .9 0 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40
$

$

$

3.50 3.60

$
f
3.7 C 3.80

$
$
$
3.90 4.0C 4. 1C

and
under
2.0 0

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-------------------------

*
2 .1 0

and
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

2. 30 2.4C 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90 3.00 3. 10 3.20 3.3C 3.40 3.50 3.6C
-

-

-

-

-

2
2

30

-

-

-

“

-

30
30

38
11
27
27

5
5

2
2

-

-

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.70 3. ec 3.9C 4.CC 4.10

19
9
10
9

16

8

7

1

38

11

2

10

7

7

6

9

1

l

1
-

38
-

11
_

2
_

-

-

~

"

-

-

5
5
4

7

36
4
32
32

16
15
1
~

13
13

7
6

16

-

1

3

56
56
_

90
90
_

6
6
_

~

~

1

-

5
2

13

2
-

17

2

1
16

-

59
58

4
“

1

1

_

1

18
3

_

1

15

1

-

31
27

over

2
2

31
_
31
31

41

30
ll

12
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations— Continued
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by industry division, M inneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1965)
N u m b e r of w o rk e rs

Hourly earnings 1
$
Number

Occupation and industry division

workers

1.90
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
2.0 0

$
2.10

$

*

$

$

2.2 0

2.3 0

2.4 0

2 .50

194
329
46

$
3.22
3 .3 8
3 .13
2.85

95

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ---------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

$
3 .2 6

$

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.40

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

~

23
21
2

1
-

-

-

2 .9 4 2 .7 0 -

3 .3 3
3.00

-

-

3.32

3 .3 2 -

3.3 7

-

267
166
1 01
33

3.07
3.16
2.92
2 .7 6

3 .0 5
3 .1 9
2 .9 6
2 .7 5

2
2
2
2

-

3.26
3 .63
3 .0 6
2 .92

_

-

_

_

_

-

—
-

-

-

-

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

269
145
124

2.80
2.7 1

17
17
-

96

2.90
2 .90

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, IOOLRCCM —
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

235
23 5

3.0 0
3 .00

2 .9 7

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

563
545

3 .49
3 .5 0

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
IMAINTENANCE I ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S 3--------------------------

913
138
7 75

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------------------

3 .21
3.32
3.19
3 .19

.7
.7
.7
.6

6
4
9
9

2 .6 4 2 .3 5 -

3 .1 0
2 .9 6

2 .7 2 2 .7 1 -

3.13
3 .1 4

2 .9 7

2 .8 4 2 .8 4 -

3.21
3 .21

3 .4 6
3.4 6

3 .4 0 3 .4 1 -

-

3.5 4
3 .5 4

2 .9 3

3.32

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

27
—

-

3.37
3.63

2 .8 5

3 .0 7 -

3 .37

14

27
—

3

_

_

-

-

11
11
-

17
17
-

1
1
-

1

9
12

26
11
15
15

-

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

-

2 . 80

26
—

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

l
1

40

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

3 . 00

3.1 0

3 .2 0

3.3 0

3 .4 0

19

29
10

28

29
13
16
3

1 51
46
1 C5
-

1 04

18

~

L

$
3 . 50

$
3.6 0

$
3 .7 0

$
3 .80

$
4 .0 0

$
3 .9 0

$
4 . 10

39
28

9
9

45
-

4
4

4.1C

3 .90

4.0 0

-

6

-

26

-

-

6
-

-

26
-

-

3 .70

3.8 0

18

22

12
6

22
-

3 . 60

an d
over

87

25
25
-

3 .5 0

8

19
7

2

1

33
18
15
15

15
-

39

“

19
4
15
9

31
7
24

39
29

44
25
19
16

4
4
-

15

10
6

47
47

27
27

58
58

27
27

11
11

26
14

_

“

~

35
35

4

40
40

4
4

l
—

25
25
-

_

15

10
6
2

6
33

-

676 . 3 .1 2
447
3.04
229
3.2 6
60
3 .15

3 .1 1
3 .04

2 .9 3 2 .8 1 -

3.4 1
3.1 5

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3.29
3 .2 0

3 .1 7 3 .1 0 -

3 .4 5
3.25

-

-

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

239
232

3 .3 0
3.30

3 .3 4
3 .3 4

3 .1 9 3 .1 9 -

3 .3 9
3 .3 9

-

O I L E R S --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

11 5
1 13

2 .82
2.8 2

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

2 .6 1 2 .6 1 -

2 .9 5
2 .9 5

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

1 88
67

3 .46
3.23

3.51
3 .20

3 .1 2 3 .1 1 -

3.86
3 .3 8

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

121

3.5 9

3 .8 3

3 .1 5 -

3 .8 9

-

■-

-

-

-

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

142
127

3.5 2
3.53

3.47

3 .4 2 3 .4 2 -

3.6 8
3 .6 6

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

71

3 .23

3 .3 0

_

3 .3 0

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

-

3.23

3 .0 9 3 .0 9 -

_

71

-

-

859
85 9

3.55
3.55

3 .6 4
3.64

3 .2 8 3 .2 8 -

3.8 2
3 .8 2

“

15
15
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

_

-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and read estate.

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

73
69
4

72
18
54
53

15
13
2
1

133

33
25

68
51
17

14
90
-

24
16
8
-

_

_

_

-

37
37

_

-

5
5

_

-

-

-

-

11
ll

7
7

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

42
42

9
9

1
1

10
10

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

18
18

49
49

65
65

3

18

43

18

37

37
37

_

3

11

45
36

265
265

8

70
4
66
41

39
10
29
13

480
38
44 2
442

21
12

116
107
9
9

116
88

48
—

-

28
16

48
29

-

139
30
1 09

44
43

11
11

114
1 14

29
27

_

4
129
129

2
2

24
24

-

7

-

3

10
10

5
5

6

41
41

2
2

25
23

-

_

_

6

-

-

1
-

3
1

4
-

12
4

17
6

8

11

7
2
5

21
21

4

-

_

-

2

8

1

-

-

-

-

-

2

l

_

-

-

-

-

4
4
-

-

_

3
3

1
l

.

~

_

30
30
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

“

-

“

-

3
-

4
2

-

24
24
-

-

2

9
9
-

-

3

2
2
-

_

_

_

9

-

-

_

_

-

-

21
21

1

-

2

6

1

2

6

x3
3

3

16

3

16

15
15

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

2

1
1

2

-

_

6

3 .36
3 .3 6




$
3.2 0

2.9 0

11
-

3 . 0 9 - 3.6C

1
2
3
4

%
3 .1 0

26
17
2

3
~

3 .0 7 3 .0 7 -

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------- 1
4
3
2

%
3 .0 0

-

22
13
9

1
11
8

3.35

3 .4 7

s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

3

11
11

“

3.3 1
3 .3 2

732

2.. 8 0

%
2 . 90

$

3 .0 6 3 .1 8 -

2 .8 3
2 .91

receiving

$

-

3 .3 0
3 .2 4
2 .7 7
3 .3 5

523

%
2 . 70

an d
under
2.0 0

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3-------------------------FINANCE4--------------------------------------------

$
2 .60

“

-

-

-

-

-

7
-

10
10

6
-

_

54
-

23

-

1
-

-

7

-

6

1

-

70

_

70

-

_

20
20

-

54

9

l
22

9

_

11

-

7

11

_

3
2

_

-

20

14

1

32

_

2

1

_

!

_

_

-

-

20

14

1

32

-

2

1

-

1

-

-

_
-

9

3

9

33

74

115

24

67

276

_

_

_

3

9

33

74

115

24

30
30

137

9

82
82

1 37

67

276

13

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry division, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1965)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

S
S
$
$
S
$
%
$
1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

Number

O c c u p a t io n 1 and in d u s t ry d iv is io n
workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

Under
and
$
1.30 under

PASSENGER

ELEVATOR
lW O M EN )

—

----------------------------------

OPERATORS,

AND

WATCHMEN

M ANUFACTU RING

$
1.70
1.70

$
1.60
1.60

$
$
1 .4 5 - 2.04
1 .4 5 - 2.04

III
111

1.61
1.61

1.64
1.64

1 . 3 9 - 1.77
1 . 3 9 - 1.77

1,125
449
676

2.13
2.51
1 .8 8

2.34
2.49
1.77

1 .3 9 - 2.57
2 . 3 5 - 2.75
1 .3 4 - 2.43

2.57

2.62

2 . 4 0 - 2.80

-

PASSENGER

------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FA CTURING
GUARDS

72
72

363

OPERATORS,

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

----------------------------------

------------------------------------------

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

-----------------------

-

_

84
4 84

*
$
2. 30 2.40

(
$
$
i
$
2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

$
3.0C

S
$
3.10 3 . 2 0

$
$
3. 30 3.40
and

1.40
ELEVATOR

S
$
2 . 10 2 . 2 0

1.50

1.6C

“

36
36

~

32
32

16
16

5
5

227
227

17
17

-

l . 70 1.80 1.90 2 . 0 0

-

7
7

-

8
8

34
34

11
5
6

1
1

10
5
5

-

-

-

-

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2. 3 0 2 .4 0 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9C

6
6

15
15

6
6

~

2
2

-

~

12
12

_

_

_

__

_

_

_

.

_

*

4
4

_

-

10
5
5

9
8
l

28
5
23

79
10
69

42
20
22

124
104
20

153
73
80

69
17
52

72
66
6

53
40
13

66
82
4

8
8

5

8

1

4

16

58

67

7

66

40

82

4

—

-

-

3.00 3.1C

"

-

-

-

-

3.20 3 .30 3.40
-

-

over

-

-

_

.

_
-

-

“

“
_

_

_

22
22

9
9
~

11
11

~

-

-

9

-

-

10
2
8
8
-

1
1
-

1
l
-

_

_

-

-

1
-

-

l

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

-

5
5
-

51
51
-

41
41
-

-

-

-

GUARCS:
M A NUFACTU RING

-

-

WATCHMEN:

86

M A N UFACTU RING
JA N IT C R S,

PORTERS,

ANC

CLEANERS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------NO NM ANU FA CTURING
PUB LIC

WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

----------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 5----------------------------TRADE

TRADE

-------------------------------

---------------------------------------

F I N A N C E 6-----------------------------------------------------JA N IT C R S,

PORTERS,

ANC

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------

P U B LIC

U T I L I T I E S 5-----------

RE TA IL

T R A D E ----------------------

F I N A N C E 6-----------------------------------LABORERS,

M A T ER IAL

H AND LING

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------NO NM ANU FA CTURING
PUB LIC

ORDER

----------------------

U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------

WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

TRAOE

-------------------

T R A O E -----------------------------

FILLER S

M A NUFACTU RING

-------------------------------

N C N M A N U F A C T U R IN G
WHOLESALE
R E TA IL
PACKERS,

TRADE

M A N UFACTU R ING

WHOLESALE

PACKERS,

-------------------------

TRADE

M ANUFACTU RING

-------------

(W OM EN)
-------------------------

NO NM ANU FA CTURING

REC E IVIN G

-----------------

T R A D E -----------------------

SH IPPIN G

RE TA IL

--------------------

-----------------------

N O N M ANU FA CTURING

R E TA IL

-----------------------

T R A D E ----------------------------

SH IPPIN G

TRADE

-----------------

-

C L E R K S -------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------NO NM ANU FA CTURING
WHOLESALE
R E TA IL

TRAOE

TRADE

------------------------------

----------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




2.34

2 . 2 4 - 2.39

-

2.13
2.30
1.99
2.40
2.36
1.85
2 .1 2

2.16
2.27
2 .1 2
2.44
2.35
1.84
2.14

2.012.141.742.172.181 .6 1 2 . 11-

_

90C
135
765
51
72
555

1.74
2 .0 0
1.70
2.07
1.50
1.69

1 .6 6
2.05
1.65
2.29
1.53
1.65

1 .6 2 - 1.69
1 . 6 8 - 2.17
1.62- 1 .6 8
1 .7 5 - 2.43
1 .4 2 - 1.66
1 . 6 3 - 1.68

5,763
1,854
3,909
2,302
1, C72
514

2.70
2.53
2.76
2.89
2.82
2.29

2.69
2.54
2 .8 6
3.10
2.87
2.41

2 . 5 3 - 3.02
2 . 3 6 - 2.67
2 . 6 4 - 3.12
2 . 6 4 - 3.15
2 . 7 8 - 2.97
1 . 7 1 - 2.91

2,419
583
1,836
1,046
704

2.62
2.46
2.67
2.79
2.46

2.76
2.49
2.84
2.85
2.81

2.442.342.522.651 .9 6 -

1,045
546
499
379
120

2.62
2.46
2.79
2.81
2.70

2.75
2.55
2.84
2.84
2.84

2.512.182.812.812.80-

524
364
160
155

1.92
2.05
1.61
1.58

1.96
2.18
1.56
1.54

1. 6 8 - 2.24
1 . 9 4 - 2.26
1 .3 8 - 1.84
1 . 3 8 - 1.81

537
266
271
121
134

2.67
2 .6 8
2.6 6
2.84
2.48

2.72
2.73
2.70
2.90
2.42

2.462.542.392.672.24-

-

-

5

6

4

46

6

10

266 101 0
98 330
168 680
17
59
19
7
36
113
38 440

340
244
96
17
15
7
4

159
110
49
9
9
5
19

260
172
88
55
7
21
5

188
126
62
19
14
16
13

198
140
58
45
13

148
121
27
18
9

46
42
4
-

21
21
-

11
9
2
1

21
13
8
8

16
16
15

_
-

6
4
2
2

_
-

.
-

1

129
50
79
60
19

100
90
10
1
9

92
73
19
10

106
83
23
23

383
268
115
71
44

243
191
52
6
24
22

618 1156
341
392
226
815
2C7
731
75
11
8
9

340
169
171
7
125
39

4 96
47
449
81
325
43

439
28
411
275
136

116
55
61
10
51

89
17
72

18
6
12

92
77
15

-

-

72

33
33
24
9

209
111
98
78
17

182
80
102
90
11

l 79
41
138
111
11

175
126
49
43
1

491
21
470
306
163

565
9
556
34 7
196

39
39
-

13
12
1

81
81
-

10
10
-

116
86
30
30
-

49
19
30
30

221
202
19
5
14

369
4
365
273
92

31
6
25
25
-

11
11
11

131
108
23
23

4

14
14

5

-

5
-

2
2

-

10
6
4

7
7

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

4

7

-

5

-

-

165
165
49
~

109
9
100
44
~

106
30
76
27

107
13
94
1
1
53
10

117
18
99
1
49
~

123
45
78
3
72
3

114
49
65
1
7
36

20
4
16
7 14
-

1
1
1

21
1
20
1
19
-

20
20
1
9
4

6 68
36
632
1
20
538

42
1
41
19
9
13

5
2
3
3

1
1
-

53
53
53

21
21
21

28

23
23
23

16
1
15
15

20
11
9
9

18

28
16

14
14

2.91
2.71
2.93
2.94
2.91

-

-

1
1

21
18
3

108
108

51
17
34

-

-

-

1

3

108

2.84
2.74
2 .8 8
2.88
2.87

2

10
10
-

-

1

4

-

-

-

1

12
1C
2

1

2

4

-

4
4
4

43
43
43

26
26
26

16
4
12
12

51
24
27
27

28
24
4

-

-

_
-

-

-

l
1

—

-

-

-

-

1

2.37
2.51
2.19
2.62
2.59
2.13
2.18

~

CLEANERS

(W O M E N )
N O N M A NU FA CTURING

2.26

3,423
1,510
1,513
251
96
499
568

2.94
2.92
2.97
3.01
2.83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

l

1

-

4

-

34
-

-

-

4

-

4

-

-

1

-

-

27
27

4

-

11

15

17
7
10
6

60
60
-

4

138
138
-

4

20
7
13
—

13

16
3
13
-

13

26
25
1
1

_
—

54
27

42
13
29

27

-

-

6

6

21

23

38
30
8
-

4

64
32
32
26
2

-

84
5
79
32
1

3
3
3
-

-

1

1

-

-

1
l
-

1
l
-

_
-

25
9
16
12
4

3

3

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3
~

1
1

~

3
3
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87
62
25
10
9

169 1216
4
5
165 1211
- 1199
164
12
l
-

_

-

-

97
57
40
29
10

69
20
49
28
2C

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

2
2
2
~

2
2
2

14
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t ry d iv is io n , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n . , J a n u a ry 1965)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

1
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

der

1.30

351
173
178
1A0

$
2.81
2.75
2.87
2.87

$
2.83
2.74
2.90
2.89

$
2.652.602.752.75-

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------

275
166
109
63

2.67
2.60
2.78
2 .9*

2.77
2.49
2.89
2.98

2 . 3 4 - 2.98
2 . 2 9 - 2.89
2 . 6 7 - 3.01
2 . 8 3 - 3.07

TRUCK CR 1VERS 8 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE---------------------------------

A , 371
82A
3 , 5A 7
2,193
599
622

3.03
3.01
3.0A
3.07
3.06
2.97

3.11
3.07
3.12
3.14
3.G8
3.00

3 . 0 1 - 3.16
2 . 8 9 - 3.16
3 .0 2 - 3.16
3 . 1 2 - 3.17
3 . 0 1 - 3.14
2 . 9 5 - 3.05

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TON S I --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------—
WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

AAO
129
311
6A
155

2.89
3.05
2.83
2.91
3.00

3.02
3.31
3.00
2.92
3.05

2.773.012.762.833.02-

1.50

1.6C

1.70 1. 80

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . A0

2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

2.9C 3.00

3.10 3.20 3.3C 3.40

1.50

1.6C

1.

1.80 1.90

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 . AO

2 .5 0

2.60 2.70 2.80 2.90

3.00 3.10

3.20 3.30

and
30 under
1.40

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------

1.40

and
1C

$
3.01
2.96
3.04
3.03

3.08
3.36
3.06
2.98
3.07

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1- 1/ 2 TG
AND INCLUDING A TONS) -----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

2 » 07C
186
1 , 88 A
1,365
271
2A8

3.03
3.01
3.03
3.05
3.06
2.90

3.12
2.94
3.12
3.14
3.05
2.95

1,262
1 , 20C
80A
2A7

3.11
3.12
3.12
3.11

3.14
3.14
3.15
3.13

876
A92
38 A
9A
15A
136

2.76
2.64
2.96
2.98
2.94
2.98

2.83
2.72
3.02
3.13
3.02
2.99

2 . 5 9 - 3 . Cl
2 . 4 7 - 2.63
2 .9 1 - 3.08
2 . 6 9 - 3.16
2 . 8 3 - 3.06
2 . 9 4 - 3.05

23

1

17
6

6

8

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

23

38

1A

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
11

9

-

-

9

23

29

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

8

-

-

9

1

-

-

-

-

6

-

3

9

1A

2

22

123

-

-

9
1
8
8

2
1

-

20

A1

9

13

l

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

11

2

2

82

l

82

2

"

_

_

_

6

_

9

3

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

6

-

8

1

9

5

2

3

2

_

6

"

27
24
3
~

49
31
18
16

48
33
15
15

50
11
39
29

A9
19
30
24

56
20
36
30

23
ll
12
12

9
2
7
-

6
5
1
1

14
4
1C
10

18
11
7

42
23
19
15

27

29
9
2C
20

ll
2
9
9

15
15

23
8

13
8
5
A

30
7
23
14

193
46
147
14
13

9

~

417
39
378
l
94
283

7 8 C 2402
233
221
547 2181
12 1934
246
222
313
1

9

1

211
85
126
100
2A
2

1

66

18

2

l
2

6
3
3

-

2

*"

1

5
3
2
2

29
7
22
13

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

530
163

2.72
2.64

2.73
2.64

3

1

-

66
11

20
6
14
14

23
5
18
17
1

26
-

26
26
~

179
28
151
147

-

2

81

1
80
80

8

-

-

-

2 . 6 6 - 2.78
2.60- 2 .6 8

-

-

-

"

-

10

6

12

9

12

27

6A

-

10

6

12

9

12

27

6A

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

7

-

91
7A
17
1
12
4

A0

6

32

A

1

320
38
282
1
68
213

7
7

_
-

7

2

8

-

229
229
A
76

12A
95
29
6
22

153
135
18
18
~

86
6
80
10
70

159
7
152
92
60

9

42
18
2A
24
“
116
1C9

1

282
A

160
59
101
100

A

32

8

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
All workers were at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Workers were distributed as follows: 12 at $ 1. 10 to $ 1. 20; and 2 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




-

~

20

3 . 1 0 - 3.17
3 .1 1 - 3.17
3 .1 3 - 3.18
3 . 0 7 - 3.16

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 5-----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------

11
10

2 . 9 7 - 3.16
2 . 8 5 - 3.15
2 . 9 9 - 3.16
3 . 1 1 - 3.17
3 . 0 0 - 3.11
2 . 9 2 - 2.98

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (CVER A TONS
TRAILER T Y P E ) ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------------------

2
2

23
A

17
10

11
11

10
1

~

2
7
7

2
2

2
-

-

2
2

7
7

l
1

-

-

-

104
94
10
10

-

2A
24
-

-

-

~

“

~

-

-

68
68
-

2
2
“

1
1
1
-

972
948
784
164
65
l
6A
63
-

26
26
-

16
16
-

6
6
6

10
10
10
-

6
-

2
2
-

12
12
-

-

A

_

~

-

_

2
2

•

1

12
-

over

-

173 1229
21
7
152 1222
4 1150
131
72
17

14
-

3.40

-

-

1

-

15
B.

E s ta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers

(.D istribution of esta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by m in im u m en tran ce s a la r y fo r se le c te d c a te g o rie s
o f in e x p e rie n c e d w o m e n offic e w o r k e r s , M in n e a p o lis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan u ary 1965)
O ther in e x p e rie n c e d c le r ic a l w o rk e rs 2

In ex p erien ced typists
M an u factu rin g
M inim um w e e k ly stra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 1

A ll
schedules

E sta b lish m e n ts studied _________________

_______________________

N on m an ufacturin g

M an u factu rin g

B a se d on stan d ard w eek ly hours 3 of—

A ll
in d u strie s

40

A ll
sch edules

37 y2

38 34
/

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch edules

40

N on m an ufacturin g

B a s e d on stan d ard w eek ly hours 3 of—
40

A ll
schedules

37 V2

38%

40

270

100

XX X

170

XX X

XX X

XXX

270

100

XXX

170

XX X

XX X

XX X

8

63

121

48

41

73

10

8

55

135

52

45

83

11

u n d er $ 4 7 . 5 0 __________________________________________
u n der $ 50. 0 0__________ ___________ ____________________
u n der $52. 5 0__________________________________________
u n d er $ 55. 0 0__________________________________________
u n der $ 57 . 50__________________________________________
u n der $ 60 . 0 0__________________________________________
un d er $ 6 2 . 5 0 _______________________________________________
u n d er $ 65 . 0 0 _________________ ______________________________
under $ 6 7. 5 0 _______________________________________________
under $70. 00__________________________________________
u n der $7 2. 5 0__________________________________________
u n d er $75. 0 0 __________________________________________
under $77. 5 0 __________________________________________
o v e r ____________________________________________________________

3
1
42
24
10
17

_

_

_

_

3

6

_

_

6

_

_

-

-

-

-

2

-

4

12
18
4
4
5
3

10
15
3
4
5
3

6

6

8

3
44
3

1

9

3
56
21

-

13

1
4
1

-

10
16
3

3
1
32

-

-

31
3

2

2

1
2

-

E sta b lish m e n ts having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

57

17

XX X

40

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts w h ich did not em p loy w o r k e r s
in this c a te g o ry -------------------------------- --------------------------------------------------------

92

35

XX X

57

XXX

E sta b lish m e n ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________________
$45.00
$47. 50
$50. 00
$5 2. 50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62. 50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$70. 00
$7 2. 50
$75.00
$77. 50

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

2

7

-

-

4

_

-

2

4
4
3
2
1
1
3

2

2

9
2
2

2

6

7
4

24
5
5
7

1
1
2

1

8

2
2

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

3
2

-

-

3
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
2

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
2

14
10
5
3
3
2
1
1
4

1

XX X

XXX

78

24

XXX

XXX

57

24

1

1

2

-

10
5

2

-

2
8

-

-

5

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

1
2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1
1
3

-

-

-

-

1
1
3

XX X

54

XXX

XX X

XXX

XX X

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

T h e se s a la r ie s re la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g ) r e g u la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid fo r stan d ard w o rk w e e k s .
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r offic e g ir l.
D ata a re p re se n te d fo r a ll stan d ard w o rk w e e k s co m bin ed , and fo r the m ost com m on stan d ard w o rk w e e k s re p o rte d .




6

-

16




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift differen tials of m anufacturing plant w o rk e rs by type and amount of differential,
M inneapolis—
St. Pau l, M in n ., January 1965)
P ercent of m anufacturing plant w ork e rs—
In establishm ents having fo rm al
provisions 1 for—

Shift differential

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Total

_ __

..

Second shift

Third or other
shift

91.5

. .

Third or other
shift w ork

78.7

15.2

3.3

With shift pay d iffe re n tia l________________________

88. 1

78. 1

15.0

3. 3

Un iform cents (p e r h o u r )_____________________

70.2

6 1 .6

12.5

2. 7

4 c en ts.
5 cents
7 cents_______________________________________
8 cents_______________________________________
10 cents______________________________________
1 1 c (>nt s
12 cents
I 2 V2 cents
13 cents
14 cents15 cents
16 cents
17 cents______________________________________
20 cents
2 l^io cents__________________________________
22 cents
O ver 22 and under 30 cents
30 cents
34 cents

.9
4.7
5.0
3.5
25.8

_

_

.6
1 .2

5 percent
6 percent _
7V2 perc en t- _
__ _
__ _
10 percent _ __
_ __
__ __
I 2 V2 percent;________________________________
13 percent- _

With no shift pay differen tial

9.8
2. 3
1 .6

9 .2
14.7
1.4

.3
_
-

__ „

„

__

_
_
_

1 .6

6 .8
.8

-

5.5

1.4
6. 2
.8

-

-

1.3
.5
2.7

3.4
.5

-

-

4.5
2.7
1.3

1 6 .2

Uniform percentage

Other fo rm a l pay differen tial

3.4
2.7
6.4

.4
1.3
.9
3.8
_
1.3
.4

14.8

-

1.8
.8
10 .2

-

_
-

1 .2

.4
.3
.7
.
2.3
.1
.1
1 .6
.6

(1
2)
.3
_
.7
( 2)
.1
.7
_
.1
.4
_
_
.1
.1
.1
.5
_
-

.3
.2
"

3.4
-

3.2
9.6
2 .0

-

1.7

1.7

.1

.1

3.4

.6

.3

"

-

1 Includes establishm ents curren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l provision s covering late shifts
even though they w e re not curren tly operating late shifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 percent.

17
Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w o rk e rs in a ll industries and in industry divisions by scheduled w eekly hours
of fir st-sh ift w o rk e rs , M inneapolis—
St. P a u l, M in n ., January 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
W e e k ly h o u rs

A ll w o rk e rs

__

All
j
industries

_

.

_

30 h o u r s _________________________________________________________
35 h o u r s
_____________________________ _______________________

100

( 5_)
1
10

O v e r 35 a n d u n d e r 3 7 V2 h o u r s _________________________
3 7 V? h o u r s O v e r 3 7 V? a n d u n d e r 3 8 3 h o u r s
/4
383 h o u r s
/4
_ _
3 9 V4 h o u r s
_
40 h o u r s
_ _

3
74

O v e r 4 0 a n d u n d e r 4 5 h o u r s _____________________________

(5 )

4 5 h o u r s _________________________________________________________
4 8 h o u r s _________________________________________________________

1
2
3
4
5

1
10

(5)
(5 )

Manufacturing

100

(* )
1
6
_
3
9
80
1
_

Public ,
utilities1
2

Wholesale
trade

P LA N T WORKERS

Retail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

-

-

_

-

6
_
_
-

3
-

1
3
22
4

3
1

33
-

100
_
_

94
_
_

92
_

38
_
_

_

(5 )

Includes data for serv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
Includes data for re a l estate and se rv ic e s in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L e s s than 0. 5 percent.




All
,
industries4

100

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

(5 )
4
_

9
_

3
1
_
-

3
_
-

_
_
_

_
_

1
-

_
_
-

-

88
1
2
2

83
_
4
1

96
4
_

100
_

3

92
_
_
4

18

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er of paid h o lid ay s
p ro v id e d an n u ally, M in n e a p o lis—St. P a u l, M inn. , Jan u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o rk e rs —

-------------------

All
x
industries

— ------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid h o lid a y s ________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid h o lid a y s -----------------------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

99

100

99

100

( 5)

■

( 5)

"

Finance 3

AU 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

100

98

“

1

_

~

-

2

( 5)
39
5
6

-

2
74
2
6
12
1
1
_
-

~

-

"

N u m b e r o f days

4 h o lid ay s — - ------------- _ —
— ------ — -------6 h o lid a y s ______________________________________________
6 h o lid ay s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------6 h o lid ay s plus 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------7 h o lid a y s _______________ - ______________________________
7 h o lid ay s plus 1 h a lf d ay — ---------------------------- —
7 h o lid ay s plus 2 h a lf days — _ — -------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 5 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------8 h o lid a y s ------------------------ ---------------------------------8 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s p lus 2 h a lf d a y s ______ _ ____________
9 h o lid ay s
9 h o lid a y s p lus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s -----------------------------------11 h o lid a y s ----- ----------------- _
— — -------------------

_

_

_

_

_

_

32
7
6

12
11
7
10
14
4
38
3
-

21
32
32
2
12
-

23
11
6
2
17
16
22
-

78
6
10
5
1
-

41
6
11
7
3
6
11
4
3
8
1

( 5)
13
5
4
1
21
4
1
2
1
2
1

( 5)
1

-

3
-

”

“

( 5)
17
8
2
16
2
3
1

_

_

_

17
7
8
18
16
1
25
3
2
2

32
33
26
( 5)
-

40
10
3
1
11
14
12
7

2
2
2
3
7
33
49
76
83

.
-

-

-

-

_

7
7
34
36
50

_

9
-

;

T o ta l h o lid ay tim e 6

u

d a y s __________________________________________________

10 d ays o r m o r e -------------------------------- ------------9 V2 d ays o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------9 d ays o r m o r e
___ _____________ ___ ___________
8 V2 d ays o r m o r e ---------------- — - ------------- -------8 d ays o r m o r e _________
______ - — — _____
7 V2 d ays o r m o r e _________
__________ __
---------7 d ays o r m o r e _____________ _____ — — -------6 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------- —
-------------- ----6 days o r m o r e ----- ---------------- —
_ ------------- __
4 days o r m o r e _______ ___ _
______
_
_ ___

1
2
3
4
5
6

1
3
4
7
11

37
42
61

1
1
1
2
4
47
60

77

68

88

99
99

10 0

10 0

_

_

_

12
14
47
47
78
78
99
99

3
3
41
43
65
77

6
6
16
22

1
9
12
15
26
32
35
52
59

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

1
1
1
3
5
23
31
54
60

99
99

9
9
35
35
68
68

60

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s .
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
In cludes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p ercen t.
A l l com bin atio n s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bin ed; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f
those w ith 7 fu ll days and no h a lf d a y s, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d ay s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P r o p o rtio n s w e r e then cum ulated.




7 days

_

_
1
2
20
22

96
98

in clu d es

19

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1

(P e r c e n t d is trib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by va c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., J an u ary 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
V a c a tio n p o lic y

A ll w o rk e rs

All
2
industries

.....

_

10 0

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance4

All 5
industries

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

99
99
( 6)
-

10 0

99
99
-

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

-

-

-

"

"

-

3
27

19
14

9
74

26

6

8

1

-

-

1

3
-

3
96
-

10 0

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

88

10 0

10 0

11

_

99
( 6)
_

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p a id v a c a tio n s ________________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t ________________________
P e r c e n t a g e paym ent
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t ________________________________
O t h e r ________________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a catio n s

98
1

-

( 6)

1

( 6)

-

( 6)

7
39

7
_

( 6)

5
35
29
-

30
69

78
-

30
-

79

22

68

1

1

-

1

60
_
39
_

( 6)

1

-

-

-

19
_
80

99
94
5
1

1

-

( 6)

-

-

-

-

31

1

8

6

16
27

38
7

1

_

8

8

-

-

-

-

79
3
18

83
5

59
38

72

( 6)
( 6)

-

84
_
16
_

2

( 6)
28
-

1

-

-

-

-

Am ount o f va c a tio n p a y 7
A ft e r

6

m onths o f s e r v ic e

U nder 1 w eek1 w eek
....
... .
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________

11

2

-

10

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w eeks _
O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________

20

-

1

11

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k _____________________ _____________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________

7

4

8

4

1

85

86

2

4

1

5

29
63
_
_

( 6)

1

-

( 6)

_
-

_
_

44

99

47

-

89
_
-

-

2

-

-

-

( 6)

1

_
-

_
99

1

11

_

57

47

29

4

1

49
_
_

68

1

-

-

4

5

4

5

6

2

1

-

3
87
2
2

94
_
_

90
4
_

-

1

-

-

_
-

3

2

1

99

3
3
87

4

10 0

1

6
1

11

27
2
3

2
_

11

_
89
( 6)
-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________

( 6)
94
3
2

( 6)

1

87
4
7
1

10 0

-

95
4
_

-

-

_
-

( 6)

10 0

_
_
( 6)

1

79
4
5
1

_
96
( 6)
4

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __________________________
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s __________________________

0

( 6)
94
3
3

( 6)
1

4
8

-

96
4
.

( 6)

1

-

-

( 6)
84
7
8

70
13
15

( 6)

86

10 0

_

5
5
80
4

_

1

2

-

3

6

94
_
_

92
4
-

( 6)

-

1

1

-

-

_
_
96
( 6)
4

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s __________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________________ _
3 w e e k s _________________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s __________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ___________________________________________

See footnotes at end o f ta b le .




_

_

1

_

68

99

88

1

2

_

10

_

_

_

_

10 0

86
1

91
8

13
-

96
3

1

( 6)
81
8
9

1

-

( 6)

-

1

1

-

-

89
( 6)
7
4

1

■

-

"

-

-

"

-

-

1

16
14

20

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1— Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s b y vacatio n pay
provisions, M in n e a p o lis—St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
V ac a tio n p o lic y

All
2
industries

24

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

16
78
4

40

29
57
3

24
75

-

Finance4

AO 5
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

32
4
59

23
9
64

34

2

2

2

2

44
56
_
-

-

-

-

23
4

26
70
4
_

_
92
4
5
-

5
_
85
9
-

_
_
29
_
71
-

5
_
36
_
51
7

Retail trade

A m oun t of va c a tio n p a y 7— Continued
A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
7 w ppVs

O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___________ _______
3 w e e k s ______________
_ _____ ____________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _______
___ __ _
4 w(>(>ks ............... .
.
.. .
... _ _ ...
O v e r 4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

2

2

1

(6 )
60
-

( 6)

1

-

70
2

1

(6)

10

-

20

7
73
-

2

54
2

7
-

26
(6)
69
4
-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ________
___ __ ________ _________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w eeks
_______________ ___________
__
_ ____
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ___________________________
4 w eeks _
____
_ _
_ ___________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _____
___ ________________________

19
3
74

13
80
4

32

16
3

2

1

( 6)
65
3
_

( 6)

1

-

-

4
87
4
4

_
96
3

12

1

-

4
_
47

9
_
48
33

2

68

3

22

77
(6)

10

-

14
9
77
_

68

-

-

17
7
70
3
4
-

1

8

6

4

1

2

3
2

-

9
5
77
2

7
-

24
(6)
72
4
_
-

A ft e r 15 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
w eeks
____________ __________ ____ ___ _____
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s _________________________
3 w e e k s ______________ ____________ ______________________
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s __ _
_ _________
4 w e e k s _____ ___ _______ _____ _ ___________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____ _
______ _____________
2

6
1
86

4
4
( 6)

1

72
15
-

14
85
( 6)

88
8

( 6)
-

83
3
4
-

82
3
6

-

14
( 6)
81
4
_
-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w eeks
_ _ ______ _
_
_
_ _
_
______________
O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s ___________________________
3 w eeks
_ ____ _ _______ ______________________
_
_ _ _
O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s ____ _____ _
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w eeks.
_________
__ ______ _ __ ____

45
3

43
4

_
37
63
-

5
28

4
36

_
15

5
_
47
1

1

10

14
55
(6)
30
-

_
44
56
-

9
33

14
14

-

1

2

_
-

5
_

22

31

40

6

19
_

1

8

5

1

2

45

49

2

42
2

2

39
4

14
( 6)
37
_
45
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s __. . . ___ ________________ _ ____ ___________ _
_
_
_
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s __ _ __ _
_ _
3 w eeks
_ ________________________________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ______________ _
_ ____
4 w eeks
_
_
___________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ___
________________ _
_
_ _____

1

-

-

-

59
7

56
5

81
3

39
18

5
27

4
36

-

-

-

15

30

14

22

( 6)
72

61

2

( 6)
72
-

9
61
8

8

1

56
3

5

_

_

48
5

91
4

68

7

14
( 6)
17
4
65
-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
2 w e e k s ___________________ _________________________
O v e r 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ___ __ ___ _
_ _______
3 w e e k s _____________________________ ____
_________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ____________ ______
_ _
4 w eeks
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________ -------------------------------

2

59
7

_

9

-

-

-

56
5

80
4

43
18

14

-

1

_
9
8

8

5

1

2

31

39
_

1

56
3

49
5

_
_

5
_

6

19
_

_
90
5

68

7

14
(6)
17
4
65
-

1
In clu d es b a s ic p la n s only. E x c lu d e s plan s such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those p la n s w hich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic p la n s to w o r k e r s
w ith q u a lify in g lengths of s e r v ic e .
T y p ic a l of such e x c lu sio n s a r e p lan s in the steel, alum inum , and can in d u s trie s .
* In clu des data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3
T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and other p u b lic u tilitie s .
4
F in an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
5
In clu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a ra te ly .
6
L e s s than 0 .5 p e rc e n t.
7
In cludes paym ents oth er than "le n g th of tim e, " such a s p e rc e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in g s o r fla t -s u m pay m en ts, c o n v erted to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s i s ; fo r e x am p le,
a paym ent of 2 p e rc e n t of annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i ly ch osen and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in d ivid u al p r o v is io n s
f o r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x am p le, the ch an ges in p ro p o rtio n s ind icated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include ch an ges in p ro v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e
cu m u la tiv e .
Thus, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ’ p ay o r m o re a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu d es those who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




21

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y ed in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r pen sion b e n e fit s , 1 M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan u ary 1965)1
7
6
5
4
3
2
O FF IC E W OR KER S

T y p e o f b en efit

A l l w o r k e r s _____________________________________________

All
2
industries

10 0

P L A N T W OR KER S

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance4

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

10 0

All
5
industries

10 0

Manufacturing

10 0

Public 3
utilities

10 0

Wholesale
trade

10 0

Retail trade

10 0

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e _____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u ra n c e __ _____________________________________
S ic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n c e o r
sic k le a v e o r b o t h 6 _____________________________
S ic k n e ss and acciden t in s u ra n c e ___________
S ick le a v e (fu ll p a y and no
w a itin g p e r io d )_______________________________
Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l p ay o r
w a itin g p e r io d )_______________________________
H o sp ita liz a tio n in s u ra n c e _______________________
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n c e _____________________________ _
M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e __________ ____________________
C ata stro p h e in s u ra n c e ___________________________
R e tire m e n t p e n sio n . ____________ ______________
N o h ealth , in s u ra n c e , o r p en sio n p la n _______

93

96

97

90

87

92

88

90

98

10 0

78

43

32

33

53

39

60

43

34

42

80

78

89

96

68

83

63

86

91

76

91

78

37

50

14

45

53

23

66

75

28

68

62

52

55

85

38

35

50

17

14

26

38

16

6

3

4

10

10

5

13

13

27

17

3

97
94
94
45
81

80
79
73
49
64
7

92
91
87
69
80

96
96
93
58
81

2

1

96
96
94
82
64
( 7)

87
86
86

62
71
5

79
72
48
72
73
5

99
98
98
83
99

92
91
83
34

96
94

66

69
3

4

86
22

97
97
84
62
74
2

46

1 Includes those p la n s fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a r t o f the cost is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o r k m e n 's com p en sation ,
s o c ia l se c u rity ,
and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 Includes d ata fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n ,
co m m u n icatio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e state.
5 In clu des data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
6 U n d u p licated to tal o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sic k n e s s and accident in su ra n c e show n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w .
S ick le a v e p la n s a re lim ite d to those w h ich d e fin itely
e s t a b lis h at le a s t the m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p ay than can be ex pected by each e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in d iv id u al b a s is a r e excluded.
7 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




22
T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s trie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s by fo r m a l sick le a v e
p r o v is io n s , M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., J a n u a ry 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick le a v e p ro v is io n

PLANT WORKERS

All
!
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100.0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

5 57. 3

5 58. 8

89. 3

47. 7

45. 7

54. 6

30. 0

27. 4

52. 9

55. 0

19. 3

42. 7

41. 2

10. 7

52. 3

54. 3

45. 4

70. 0

72. 6

47. 1

45. 0

80. 7

U n ifo rm plan: 6
N o w aitin g p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 7 -------- -------------------------------- --------5 days — ------------------- ----------------------6 d a y s _______________ ___ _____ ______________
_
7 d a y s ___ ____ _ __________________________
10 d a y s ---------------- -------------------- -----------12 d a y s _____ ______________________________
15 d ays
__ _____ ____ ___________________
24 d a y s - -------------------------------------------------130 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------F u ll p ay plus p a r t ia l p ay— ----------------------P a r t i a l pay o n ly ------------------------------------------W a itin g p e r i o d __ _____ __________________ _____
F u ll pay
__
_
_
P a r t i a l pay o n ly ------------ ----------------------------

27. 7
27. 3
4. 0
4. 3
2. 5
6. 8
6. 4
1. 1
.9
. 1
. 2
. 3
1. 5
1. 5
"

26. 9
25. 8
5 .9
6 .9
-

54. 4
54. 4
2 .9
2. 2
18. 7
25. 7
1. 7
. 1
1. 1
1. 1
-

23. 5
23. 5
6 .6
9. 2
6. 2
.6
7. 6
7. 6

11. 6
11. 6
6 .9
1. 5
3. 2
-

26. 1
26. 1
1. 3
18. 4
2. 8
3. 6
-

23. 8
23. 8
9. 8
5. 5
3. 6
1. 9
_
2. 9
11. 7
11. 7

5. 7
5. 7
3. 2
2. 5
_
_
_
_
_
-

-

"

9. 5
8. 5
.3
3. 2
. 1
2 .9
_
1. 0
4. 0
2 .9
1. 1

21. 3
21.3
-

-

10. 9
10. 4
1. 5
2. 7
.2
2. 8
1. 7
.2
.5
4. 4
3. 0
1. 4

-

-

G ra d u a te d plan 6— A ft e r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e :
N o w a itin g p e r i o d __________ ______________________
F u ll p ay ---------------------------------------------------------5 d a y s ------------------- -------- --------------- ----6 d a y s _______ ____________ _______________ ___
10 d a y s _____________________ _______________
15 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------20 d a y s ---------------------------- ----------------------30 d a y s ________________ ____________________
F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l p a y 7 ----------------------3 d a y s ------------------- -------- ----------------------5 d a y s -------- ------ ----- --------------------------10 d a y s ___________ —_____ ____ ______________
15 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------22 d a y s ____________________ ________________
P a r t i a l pay o n ly ------------------------------------------W a itin g p e r i o d -------------------- -------- ----------------F u ll p a y ________________ ___ _ ___ ______________
_
F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l pay ---------------------------P a r t i a l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------

24.
12.
5.
.
3.
1.
.
1.
10.
.
1.
6.
.
.
1.
2.
1.
.
.

5
4
6
6
2
5
6
0
8
3
9
7
8
7
3
6
7
6
3

27. 3
5. 5
.9
4. 5
21 .9
3. 1
15. 1
2. 6
1. 8
1. 7
. 1

30. 0
27. 1
26. 3
.8
2. 4
2 .4
-

14. 4
14. 4
6. 5
7 .9

23. 7
17. 6
12. 6
5. 0
6. 1
-

.8
.8
.8
-

5. 9
4. 4
4. 4
_
-

14. 6
_
_
_
14. 6
-

10. 3
7. 5
7. 5
_
2. 8
-

26. 8
11. 2

29. 0
10. 3

31. 1
28. 2

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------- -—

--------

-----------------------

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
f o r m a l p aid sic k le a v e ----------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no f o r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e — —
----- -----------Type and am ount of paid sick
le a v e p ro v id e d an n u ally

G ra d u a te d p lan 6— A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
N o w a itin g p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------F u ll p ay 7___________ ______ ____________________
7 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s _______________________ _____________
50 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------65 d a y s ----------------------- ---------------------------130 d a y s -------------------------- ----------------------135 d a y s ------------- -----------------------------------




See footnotes at end of table,

-

5.
1.
2.
.
.

5 .9
4. 2
1. 1
.5
.7
.9
.9
-

-

3
5
0
6
6

.9
4. 5
3. 1
-

4.
2.
2.
1.
.
.

6
8
8

-

26.
19.
2.
10.
2.
3.
2.
2.

-

-

9. 7
4. 9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

. 5
1. 1
1. 1
-

2. 3
2. 3

6. 1
10. 4
10. 3
. 1

4. 9
1. 7
1.7
-

.7
.2
6. 8
2. 3
4. 5

11.7
3. 4
8. 3

1. 5
-

4. 9
4. 9

2. 8
-

14. 4

34. 1
12. 6
11. 5
-

28. 5
10. 1

13. 2
7. 4
2. 3
3. 3
-

12. 5
5. 6

21. 3
21. 3
16.9
4 .4

-

-

-

28. 2
-

-

-

-

9
4
5

19. 5
1. 8
_
6. 2
5. 2
1. 0

•

9
2
8
6

6

"

-

3. 8
2. 2
2. 5

6
6
3

-

3 .4

-

-

_

3. 3
2. 6
.7

12. 9
7. 5

-

-

-

4. 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

23

T ab le.B -7 .

Paid Sick Leave— Continued

(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by form al sick leave
provisions, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., January 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS
S ic k le a v e p r o v is io n

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 1
3
2
5
4

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

T y p e an d a m o u n t o f p a id s ic k le a v e
p r o v i d e d a n n u a l ly — C o n t in u e d
G r a d u a t e d p la n 6— A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f
s e r v i c e — C o n t in u e d
N o w a i t i n g p e r i o d — C o n t in u e d
F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y 7 ---------------------------__________ ______ __ _
6 d a y s -------------- _
10 d a y s — _ ---------------- ----------------- _
15 d a y s ___ ______
_______
— ____________
25 d a y s _________ ____ ____ __________________
30 d a y s ----------------------- ---------- ----------50 d a y s ------------------------ ----------------------60 d a y s ____________ _____________________ ____
65 d a y s ____________ _______ ____________________
80 d a y s — ----------- ---- ------------------------------90 d a y s __________________________ _______________
130 d a y s __________ ___________________________
150 d a y s -------------------------------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y __________ ___________ __________
W a i t i n g p e r i o d ---------- _ --------------------------------------F u l l p a y p lu s p a r t i a l p a y -------------------------------P a r t i a l p a y o n l y ------------------- --------- -------------

15. 1

18. 7

.
.
.
.
1.
.
1.
2.
.
5.

-

9
6

3
6
8
5
6
3
5
0
. 7

-

2 .9
2. 4
-

14. 4

16. 3

2. 2
4. 3

21. 5
5. 0
-

-

4. 2
-

-

.
.
.
.
.
.

-

-

-

-

10, 3

2. 6

-

-

3. 6
-

-

-

-

-

6. 1
-

-

-

2. 6
15. 1
-

. 5

-

1. 3
1. 3

1 .

. 5
-

( 8)

-

-

2. 7
2. 7

2. 3
2. 3

. 1
-

"

1

8
. 8

"

. 1

-

2. 4

-

-

8 .9
2. 0
-

3
2
1
3
6
1

.9
_

-

1. 5

-

-

_
_
_
_

_
_

1. 5
_
_

-

-

4. 0
3. 2
2. 3
4. 2
_
. 9
_
_
_

5. 5
_
_
_
_
_
2. 6
_
2. 8
_
_

_

_

_
_

_

4. 9
4. 9

. 7
_

1. 5

-

-

. 7

-

6. 8
1. 5

-

“

.

9

-

14. 6
-

2. 6
2. 6

-

3. 4
1. 5
. 7

2. 8
2. 1

-

_

_

P r o v is io n s f o r a c c u m u la t io n
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g
p r o v is io n s f o r a c c u m u la t io n o f
u n u s e d s i c k l e a v e -------------------------------------------------------

18. 4

1 1 .7

33. 3

15. 0

5. 7

28. 7

1 1 .9

10. 8

30. 9

20. 6

3. 7

1 Includes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate.
4 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
5 In cludes le s s than 1 p erc e n t of w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lish m e n ts w ith f o r m a l sick le a v e plan s fo r w h ich d e ta ils a r e not a v a ila b le .
6 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d efin ed as those fo r m a l p lan s u n d er w h ich an em p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sa m e n u m b er o f d a y s ' paid s ic k le a v e each
year.
"G ra d u a te d p la n s " a r e d efin ed as those f o r m a l plan s u n der w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o rd in g to len gth of s e r v ic e .
P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b i t r a r i ly
ch osen . E s tim a te s r e fle c t p ro v is io n s a p p lic a b le at the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
Thus, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' sick
le a v e a ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r g r e a t e r o r le s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
7 M a y in clude p ro v is io n s oth er than those p re s e n te d se p a ra te ly . N u m b e rs o f days shown u n d er " F u l l pay p lu s p a r t ia l p a y " a r e days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e sick
le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s a r e entitled to ad d itio n al day s of sic k le a v e at p a r t ia l pay.
8 L e s s than 0. 05 p e rc e n t.




24

T ab le B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P ercen t of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing profit-sh arin g plans, 1
by type of plan, Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , January 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Type o f plan

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

27

14

5

1

1

26

A l l w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

All
2
industries

Finance4

All 5
industries

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

10

56

49

8

6

6

21

-

-

-

2

( 6)

1

13

5

10

56

46

8

5

86

95

90

44

51

92

94

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g

P la n s p ro v id in g f o r c u rre n t
-

-

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
6

21

94

79

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r both c u rre n t
and
e* -rre*r\ Hi stfil-iiv i-in n
_
_
P la n s p ro v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's ch oice of
o f n f

Hi str*iIvifHr»n

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s ...
........

( 6)

73

100

1 The study w a s lim ite d to f o r m a l plan s (1) h avin g e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n o f p ro fit s h a r e s am ong e m p lo y e e s; (2) w h o se fo r m u la s w e r e com m u n icated
to the e m p lo y e e s in advan ce o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p ro fits ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a com m itm en t b y the com p an y to m ake p e rio d ic co n tribu tio n s b a s e d on p ro fits ; and (4) in
w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the o ffic e o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 In cludes data fo r s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er p u blic u tilitie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e state.
5 Includes data fo r r e a l estate and s e r v ic e s in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rc e n t.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine!. Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

27

28
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

C L E R K , O R D ER — Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as workers name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers1 orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (’'Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

80
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker* s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— C ontinued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c . , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

31
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse 'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32
ELEC TR IC IA N , M AINTENAN CE

HELPER, M AINTENANCE TRA DES— C on tin u ed

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines^
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Woik involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following; Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34
SH EE T -M E T A L W O RKER, M AINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE M AKER— C on tin u ed

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
C US T ODI A L

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woxkers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woric requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of e a rlie r studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A rea

Bulletin number
and price

A k ro n , Ohio, June 19 64 1_____________________________________
A lb a n y —
Sch enectady— r o y , N .Y . , M a r . 19641___________
T
A lb u q u erq u e, N. M e x ., A p r . 19641 - ___ —_____ ____________
A llen tow n —B eth le h e m —E asto n , P a .— .J ., F e b . 19641 —
N
A tlan ta, G a ., M a y 19641 _____________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v. 19641 ________________________________
B eaum ont— o r t A rth u r, T e x ., M a y l 9 6 4 1„_______________
P
B irm in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 19641______ - _____________________
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1964 1 ______________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Oct. 19641 __________________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

B u ffa lo , N .Y . , D ec. 1964 1___________________________________
B u rlin gto n , V t ., M a r. 1964______________________________ ___
Canton, O hio, A p r . 1 9641____________________________________
C h a rle s to n , W . V a . , A p r . 1964 1 ________ - ________________
_
C h a rlo tte , N .C ., A p r . 19641 ________________________________
C hattanooga, T en n .— a ., Sept. 19641-----------------------------G
C h icago, 111., A p r . 19641 ____________________________________
C incinnati, Ohio-— y ., M a r . 19641_________________________
K
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 19641 _______________________________
C o lu m b u s, O hio, Oct. 19 64 1 ________________________________

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 19641 ___________________________________D a v en p o rt— ock Islan d — o lin e , I o w a R
M
Ill., Oct. 1964 1--------------------------------------------------------------------Dayton, O hio, Jan. 1965_______________________________________
D e n v e r, C o lo ., D ec. 1964_____________ ______________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 19641 _____________________________
D e tro it, M ic h ., Jan. 1964_____________________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N ov. 1964 1______________________________
G r e e n B ay , W is ., A ug. 1964 1_______________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1964 1________________________________
H ouston, T e x ., June 19641 _____________________ ____________

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20, 25
1430-31, 25
1430-32, 25
1385-44, 25
1385-43, 25
1430-24, 30
1430-3,
25
1385-68, 25
1385-81, 25

In d ian apolis, In d ., N ov. 1964_____________________________ _
_
Jackson, M i s s ., F e b . 19641_________________________________
J a ck so n v ille, F l a ., Jan. 19651______________________________
K a n sa s City, M o .—K a n s ., N ov. 1964-______________________
L a w re n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 19641 . ________
H
N
L ittle Rock— o rth L ittle Rock, A r k ., A ug. 19641______
N
L o s A n g e le s —L ong B eac h , C a lif., M a r . 19641 __________
L o u is v ille , K y .— d ., F e b . 1964____________________________
In
Lu bbock , T e x ., June 1964 1_____ —__________________________
M a n c h e ste r, N .H ., A ug. 1964 1 ___________________ - ________
M em ph is, T en n ., Jan. 1 9641________________________________

1430-30,
1385-41,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea

Bulletin number
and price

M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964_________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964—___________________________
Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 19651
------------------MuskegonHMuskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1 ——
Newark and Jersey City, N.J., Feb. 19641 ____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965_________________________ —
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964___________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641___________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1964 1 __________________ —

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, N ebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1964______________________ __
Paterson— lift on— assaic, N.J., May 1964 1 _______ ___
C
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 19641____________________
Phoenix, A r iz . , Mar. 1964 1____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1964-------------------------------------Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964____________________________
Portland, O reg.—
Wash., May 1964 1___________ _____ ___
Providence—
Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., May 1964________
M
Raleigh, N.C., Sept. 1964_________ _____ _______________
Richmond, Va., Nov. 1964______________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111., Apr. 1964 1______________________________
St. Louis, M o.—
111., Oct. 1964 1-------------------------------Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 19641_______________________
San Antonio, Tex., June 1964.__________________________
San Bernardino— iver side—
R
Ontario, Calif.,

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

San Diego, C alif., Sept. 1964 1__________________________
San Francis co-Oakland, C alif., Jan. 19651____________
Savannah, Ga., May 1964 1______________________________
Scranton, Pa., Aug. 1964________________________________
Seattle, Wash., Sept. 1964____________________________ _

1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux F a lls, S. Dak., Oct. 1964_________________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 19641___________________________
Spokane, Wash., May 1964______________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964________________________________
Trenton, N.J., Dec. 1964 1___________________________ __
Washington, D.C.—
Md.— a ., Oct. 1964 1________________
V
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 19641_________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641___________________________ _
Wichita, Kans., Sept. 19641____________________________
W orcester, Mass., June 1964 1_________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 19641__________________________________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430 -29,
1385 -56,
1430 -39,
1385 -71,
1385 -49,
1430 -34,
1385 -42,
1385 -72,

25
25
30
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102