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-K X rA & r Y&U

Occupational Wage Survey

B ulletin No. 1 4 3 0 -3 8







HAWAII

Occupational Wage Survey
JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA




JANUARY 1 9 6 5

B u lletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 3 8
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page

The Bureau of Labor S tatistics p rog ra m of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etrop olitan areas is d e ­
signed to p rovide data on occupational earnings, and esta b ­
lishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w age p ro visio n s. It
yields detailed data by selected industry d ivision s fo r each
of the areas studied, fo r econom ic regio n s, and fo r the
United States. A m a jo r con sid eration in the p ro g ra m is
the need fo r g re a te r insight into (1) the m ovem ent of wages
by occupational ca te g o ry and s k ill le v e l, and (2) the s tru c ­
ture and le v e l of w ages among a rea s and industry d ivision s.

I n t r o d u c t i o n ______________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s -----------------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

A t the end of each su rvey, an individual area b u l­
letin presents su rvey resu lts fo r each area studied. A fte r
com pletion of a ll of the individual area bu lletins fo r a
round of su rveys, a tw o -p a rt sum m ary bu lletin is issued.
The fir s t part brings data fo r each of the m etrop olitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
in form ation which has been p ro jected fro m individual m e t­
ropolitan area data to re la te to econom ic region s and the
United States.

A.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w i t h i n s c o p e o f s u r v e y an d
n u m b e r s t u d i e d _______________________________________________________________
In d ex es of s t a n d a r d w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s of
i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ____________________________________________

3

3

Occupational e a r n i n g s :*
A -1 .
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n an d w o m e n ______________________________
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n __________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _________________________________________
A -4 .
M a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t io n s _______________________
A -5 .
C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------

8
9
10

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s : *
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s _____
B -2 .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s _____________________________________________________
B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s _____________________________________________
B -4 .
P a i d h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a i d v a c a t i o n s _________________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s i o n p la n s __________________________
B -7 .
P a i d s i c k l e a v e ________________________________________________________
B -8 .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s __________________________________________________

11
12
12
13
14
17
18
19

Appendixes:
A . C h a n g e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ____________________________________
B . O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ___________________________________________________

21
23

B.

E igh ty-tw o areas c u rren tly a re included in the
p rogra m . In form ation on occupational earnings is co lle c te d
annually in each area. In form ation on establishm ent p r a c ­
tices and supplem entary w age p ro vision s is obtained b ie n ­
n ia lly in m ost of the a reas.
This bu lletin presents resu lts of the su rvey in
Jacksonville, F la ., in January 1965. It was p rep ared in
the Bureau's regio n a l o ffic e in Atlanta, Ga., by R o b ert F.
M cN eely, under the d irectio n of Donald M. C ruse, R egion al
Wage A nalyst.

1
4

a rea s.

* N O T E : S im ila r tabulations a re ava ila b le fo r other
(See inside back c o v e r.)

Union sca les, in d icative of p reva ilin g pay le v e ls in
the Jackson ville a rea , a re also a va ila b le fo r building con ­
struction, printing, lo c a l-tra n s it operating em p loyees, and
m otortru ck d r iv e r s and h elp ers.

iii

5
7




Occupational Wage Survey—
Jacksonville, Fla.
Introduction
Th is a rea is 1 o f 82 in which the U .S . Departm ent o f L a b o r s
Bureau o f L a b o r Statistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
and rela ted w age benefits on an area w id e b a sis.
In this a rea , data
w e re obtained by p erson al v is its o f Bureau fie ld econom ists to re p ­
resen ta tive establishm ents w ithin s ix broad industry d ivisio n s: Manu­
factu ring; tran sportation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s ;
w h olesale trad e; r e ta il trad e; finance, insurance, and re a l estate; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r industry groups excluded fro m these studies a re
governm ent operations and the construction and e x tra c tiv e in du stries.
Establishm ents having fe w e r than a p re s c rib e d num ber o f w o rk e rs a re
om itted because they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the
occupations studied to w arran t inclusion.
Separate tabulations a re
p rovid ed fo r each o f the broad industry d ivisio n s which m eet pub­
lica tio n c r ite r ia .

schedules (rounded to the n ea rest h alf hour) fo r which s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid; a v e ra g e w e e k ly earnings fo r these occupations have
been rounded to the n ea rest h a lf d o lla r.
The a v e ra g e s p resen ted re fle c t com p osite, areaw id e estim ates.
In du stries and establishm ents d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing and,
thus, contribute d iffe re n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job .
The pay
relation sh ip obtainable fro m the a v e ra g e s m ay fa il to r e fle c t accu ra tely
the w age spread o r d iffe re n tia l m aintained among jobs in individual
establishm ents. S im ila rly , d iffe re n c e s in a v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men
and wom en in any o f the sele cted occupations should not be assum ed to
r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay treatm en t o f the sexes within individual e s ­
tablishm ents. O ther p ossib le fa c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe r ­
ences in pay fo r men and wom en include: D iffe re n c e s in p ro g re s s io n
w ithin establish ed rate ran ges, since only the actual rates paid in ­
cumbents a re co llected ; and d iffe re n c e s in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d ,
although the w o rk e rs a re a p p rop ria tely c la s s ifie d within the sam e
su rvey job d escrip tion . Job descrip tion s used in c la ssify in g em ployees
in these su rveys a re usually m o re g e n e ra liz e d than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among e s ­
tablishm ents in the s p ecific duties p e rfo rm e d .

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple basis because of
the u nnecessary cost in vo lved in su rveying a ll establishm ents.
To
obtain optimum accu racy at m inim um cost, a g re a te r prop ortion of
la rg e than o f sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ever, a ll establishm ents a re given th e ir ap p rop riate w eigh t. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied a re p resen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relatin g to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and area ,
except fo r those below the m inim um s iz e studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll
establishm ents w ithin the scope o f the study and not the number actually
su rveyed. B ecause o f d iffe re n c e s in occupational structure among e s ­
tablishm ents, the estim ates o f occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m
the sam ple of establishm ents studied s e rv e only to indicate the re la tiv e
im portan ce o f the jobs studied.
Th ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational
structure do not m a te ria lly a ffe c t the a ccu racy o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings *
3
The occupations s e lected fo r study a re com m on to a v a rie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and a re o f the
follow in g types: ( l ) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and technical;
(3) m aintenance and pow erplant; and (4) custodial and m a te ria l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set o f job
descrip tion s designed to take account of in ter establishm ent va ria tio n
in duties w ithin the sam e job .
The occupations s e lected fo r study
are lis te d and d escrib ed in appendix B.
E arnings data fo r some of
the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed a re not p resen ted in the A - s e r ie s
tables because eith er (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all
to p rovid e enough data to m e r it p resen tation , o r (2) th ere is p o s s i­
b ility o f d isclo su re o f individual establishm ent data.

E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary W age P ro v is io n s
In form ation is presen ted (in the B - s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary w age provision s as they
re la te to o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs :
A d m in is tra tiv e , execu tive, and
p ro fe s s io n a l em p loyees, and fo rce-a cco u n t construction w o rk ers who
a re u tilize d as a separate w o rk fo r c e a re excluded. "O ffic e w o r k e r s "
include w orking su p erviso rs and n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs p erfo rm in g
c le r ic a l o r re la te d functions.
"P la n t w o r k e r s " include w orking f o r e ­
men and a ll n on su p ervisory w o rk e rs (including leadm en and tra in ees)
engaged in non office functions. C a fe te ria w o rk e rs and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing in d u stries.

Occupational em ploym ent and earn ings data a re shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs , i. e . , those h ire d to w o rk a reg u la r w eek ly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eekends, h olidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses a re excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g
bonuses and in cen tive earnings a re included. W h ere w eek ly hours are
rep orted , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occupations, re fe re n c e is to the w ork




M inim um entrance s a la rie s (table B - l ) rela te only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v is ite d . Th ey a re presen ted in te rm s o f establishm ents
with fo rm a l m inim um entrance sa la ry p o lic ie s .

1

2
Shift d iffe r e n tia l data (tab le B -2) a re lim ite d to plant w o rk ers
in m anufacturing in du stries.
This in form ation is presen ted both in
term s of (1) establishm ent p o licy, 1 presen ted in te rm s of total plant
w o rk e r em ploym ent, and (2) e ffe c tiv e p ra ctice, p resen ted in term s of
w o rk ers actu ally em ployed on the sp ecified shift at the tim e o f the
su rvey.
In establishm ents having v a r ie d d iffe re n tia ls , the amount
applying to a m a jo rity was used or, i f no amount applied to a m a jo rity ,
the c la s s ific a tio n "o th e r " was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te -s h ift hours a re paid at n orm al rates, a d iffe re n tia l was reco rd ed
only i f it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift hours.
The scheduled w eek ly hours (tab le B -3) of a m a jo rity o f the
fir s t - s h ift w o rk e rs in an establishm ent a re tabulated as applying to
a ll of the plant o r o ffic e w o rk ers of that establishm ent. Paid h olid ays;
paid vacation s; health, insurance, and pension plans; and p ro fit-s h a rin g
plans (tab les B -4 through B -8 ) a re trea ted s ta tis tic a lly on the basis
that these a re applicable to a ll plant o r o ffic e w o rk e rs i f a m a jo rity
o f such w o rk ers a re e lig ib le o r m ay eventually qu alify fo r the p r a c ­
tic e s listed . Sums o f individual item s in tables B -2 through B -8 m ay
not equal totals because o f rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ite d to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo rm a l b a sis; i. e . , (1) a re p rovid ed
fo r in w ritten fo rm , o r (2) have been established by custom . H olidays
o rd in a rily granted a re included even though they m ay fa ll on a non­
workday, even i f the w o rk e r is not granted another day o ff. The fir s t
p a rt o f the paid holidays table p resen ts the number o f whole and h alf
holidays actu ally granted. The second p art com bines whole and h alf
holidays to show total holiday tim e .
The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ite d to
fo rm a l p o lic ie s , excluding in fo rm a l arran gem en ts w h ereby tim e o ff
with pay is granted at the d is c re tio n o f the em p lo y e r.
Separate
estim ates a re p rovid ed a ccord in g to em p lo y er p ra c tic e in computing
vacation paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, p ercen t o f annual earnings,
o r fla t-su m amounts.
H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
paym ents not on a tim e b asis w e re con verted to a tim e b a s is ; fo r
exam ple, a paym ent of 2 percen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equivalent of 1 w eek 's pay.

com pany and those p rovid ed through a union fund o r paid d ir e c tly by
the em p lo y er out o f cu rren t op eratin g funds o r fro m a fund set aside
fo r this purpose.
Death ben efits a re included as a fo rm o f life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is lim ite d to that type o f
insurance under which p red eterm in ed cash paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the insured on a w eek ly o r m onthly b asis during illn e s s o r accident
d is a b ility .
In form ation is presen ted fo r a ll such plans to which the
em p lo y e r contribu tes. H ow ever, in N ew Y o r k and N ew J ersey , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d is a b ility insurance law s which re q u ire e m ­
p lo y e r contributions, 2 plans a re included only i f the em p lo yer (1) con ­
3
tribu tes m o re than is le g a lly requ ired , or (2) p ro vid es the em p loyee
with b en efits which exceed the requ irem en ts o f the law . Tabulations
o f paid sick le a v e plans a re lim ite d to fo rm a l p la n s 3 which p ro vid e
fu ll pay or a p rop ortion o f the w o r k e r 's pay during absence fro m w ork
because o f illn e s s .
Separate tabulations a re p resen ted accordin g to
(1) plans which p ro v id e fu ll pay and no w aiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which p ro vid e eith er p a rtia l pay o r a w aiting p eriod .
In addition
to the presen tation o f the proportion s o f w o rk e rs who are p rovid ed
sickness and accident insurance o r paid sick le a v e , an unduplicated
total is shown o f w o rk e rs who r e c e iv e e ith er o r both types o f ben efits.
C atastrophe insurance, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m ed ica l insurance, includes those plans which a re designed to p ro tect
em p loyees in case of sickness and in ju ry in volvin g expenses beyond
the n orm al c o v e ra g e o f h ospitalization , m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ica l insurance r e fe r s to plans p rovid in g fo r com p lete o r p a rtia l
paym ent o f d o c to rs ' fe e s .
Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies o r nonprofit organ ization s o r they m ay
be s e lf-in s u re d . Tabulations o f re tire m e n t pension plans a re lim ited
to those plans that p ro vid e m onthly paym ents fo r the rem a in d er o f
the w o r k e r 's life .

Data a re presen ted fo r a ll health, insurance, and pension
plans (tab les B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at le a s t a p art o f the cost is
borne by the em p lo yer, excepting only le g a l requ irem en ts such as
w ork m en 's com pensation, so c ia l secu rity, and ra ilro a d re tire m e n t.
Such plans include those u n derw ritten by a c o m m e rc ia l insurance

P r o fit-s h a r in g plans (tab le B -8 ) a re lim ite d to fo rm a l plans
with d efin ite form u las fo r computing p r o fit shares to be distribu ted
among em p loyees and whose form u las w e re com m unicated to e m ­
p loyees in advance o f the d eterm in ation o f p ro fits . Data are presen ted
a ccord in g to p ro v is io n s fo r d istribu tin g p ro fit shares to e m p lo y ees:
(1) C u rren t o r cash d istrib u tion o f p r o fit shares within a short p eriod
a fte r d eterm in ation o f p ro fits ; (2) d e fe r r e d d istrib u tion of p r o fit shares
a fte r a s p ecified num ber o f y e a rs o r at re tire m e n t; (3) com bination
cu rren t and d e fe r r e d plans; and (4) e le c tiv e distrib u tion plans, under
which each p articipan t is req u ired to s e le c t whether to take his share
o f the cu rren t y e a r 's p ro fit in cash, have it d e fe rre d , or p art in cash
and p art d e fe rre d .

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Jacksonville, F la . ,
Mi n im u m
employment
in e s t a b li s h ­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A l l d iv isi o ns — --------

--------

-

-

— ------------

by m ajor industry division, 2 January 1965

N u m b e r of establishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
s t u d y3

Studied

Studied
Office

Total 4

Plant

Total 4

341

128

61, 700

13, 700

37,100

38,960

50
-

82
259

38
90

16, 500
45, 200

1, 000
12, 700

13, 200
23, 900

11, 860
27,100

50
50
50
50
50

37
53
90
43
36

22
14
22
18
14

10,900
5, 500
15, 700
8, 700
4, 400

2, 200

5, 200

9, 500
1,900
7, 500
6, 180
2, 020

----------------

Manufa ctu ring — ---------------- -------- — — ------------- ----Nonm anu factu ring— ______________ ____
____ _______________
Transpo rta tion , communication, and
other public utilities 5------------------------------------- ---------W h o le sa le trade — ____
________ _________________ ___
Re tail t ra d e — — —
—
----- — — - --------------------Finance, insura nce , and r e a l estate — --------------------------Services8 _
—
_ _
------------------ ----------------„ -----

( *)
( 6)
( 7)
( 6)

0

( )
( )
( 6)

1
The Jacksonville Standard Metropolitan Statistical A re a consists of Duval County. The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably accurate
description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes
for the a rea to m easure employment trends or levels since ( l ) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied,
and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded. Jacksonville's electric utility is m unicipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the rea l estate portion only in
estimates for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile rep air shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in
Jacksonville, Fla. , January 1965 and January 1964, and percents of increase for selected periods
Indexes
(Decem ber 1960=100)

Occupational group
January 1965

Office c le ric a l (men and w om en )________
Industrial nurses (men and wom en)_____
Skilled maintenance (m en)________________
Unskilled plant (m e n )_____________________

Data do not meet publication criteria.

113. 7
( l )

114. 1
115. 0

January 1964

110. 7
n
108. 5
113. 4

Percents of increase
January 1964
to
January 1965

January 1963
to
January 1964

2. 7

2. 6

( l)
5. 2
1. 4

(*)
2. 3
2. 9

Novem ber 1961 Decem ber I960 Decem ber 1959
to
to
to
November 1961 Decem ber I960
January 1963

5. 1
(*)
3. 1
4. 8

2. 6
(*)
2.9
5. 2

5. 2
(M
4.1
3.3

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
P re s e n te d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen ta ges o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la rie s o f o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses,
and in a v e ra g e earnings o f s elected plant w o rk e r groups.
F o r o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and in d u strial n u rses, the p e r ­
centages o f change r e la te to a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s fo r n o rm a l hours
o f w o rk , that is , the standard w o rk schedule fo r w hich s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s a re paid. F o r plant w o rk e r grou ps, they m easu re changes
in a v e ra g e s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs, excluding prem iu m pay fo r
o v e rtim e and fo r w o rk on w eeken ds, h olid a ys, and la te sh ifts.
The
p ercen ta ges a re based on data fo r s e lected k ey occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m erica lly im portant job s w ithin each group.
The o ffic e c le r ic a l data a re based on m en and w om en in the follow in g
19 jobs: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , cla ss A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p a y ro ll; C om p tom eter o p era to rs; keypunch o p e ra to rs , cla s s A and B;
o ffic e boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograp h ers, g en era l; s te n o g ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs ,
cla ss B; and ty p is ts , cla ss A and B. The in d u strial nurse data a re
based on m en and wom en in du strial nu rses.
M en in the follow in g
8 s k illed m aintenance jobs and 2 u n skilled jobs a re included in the
plant w o rk e r data: S k ille d — ca rp en ters; e le c tric ia n s ; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech an ics, autom otive; p ain ters; p ip e fitte rs ; and to o l and
die m ak ers; u n sk illed — ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and c lea n ers; and la b o r e r s ,
m a te r ia l handling.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la rie s o r a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings w e r e
com puted fo r each o f the se le c te d occupations. The a v e ra g e s a la rie s
o r h ou rly earnings w e r e then m u ltip lied by em ploym ent in each of
the job s during the p e rio d su rveyed in 1961. T h ese w eigh ted earnings




fo r individual occupations w e r e then totaled to obtain an a g g reg a te fo r
each occupational group. F in a lly , the ra tio (e x p re s s e d as a percen tage)
o f the group a g g re g a te fo r the one y e a r to the a g g reg a te fo r the other
y e a r w as computed and the d iffe re n c e betw een the resu lt and 100 is
the p ercen tage o f change fro m the one p erio d to the other.
The
indexes w e r e computed by m u ltiplying the ra tio s fo r each group
a gg reg a te fo r each p erio d a fte r the base y e a r (1961).
The indexes and p ercen tages o f change m ea su re, p rin c ip a lly ,
the e ffe c ts o f (1) g e n e ra l s a la ry and w age changes; (2) m e r it o r other
in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual w o rk e rs w hile in the sam e
job; and (3) changes in a v e ra g e w ages due to changes in the labor fo rc e
resu ltin g fro m lab or tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the p rop ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by establishm ents
w ith d iffe re n t pay le v e ls .
Changes in the lab or fo rc e can cause
in crea ses or d e c re a s e s in the occupational a v e ra g e s without actual
w age changes.
F o r exam ple, a fo r c e expansion m ight in crea se the
p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid w o rk e rs in a s p e c ific occupation and lo w er
the a v e ra g e , w h erea s a reduction in the p rop ortion o f lo w e r paid
w o rk e rs would have the opposite e ffe c t. S im ila r ly , the m ovem en t of
a high-paying establish m en t out o f an a rea could cause the a v e ra g e
earnings to drop , even though no change in ra tes o ccu rred in other
establishm ents in the a rea .
The use of constant em ploym ent w eights elim in ates the e ffe c t
of changes in the p rop ortion of w o rk e rs rep resen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data.
The p ercen tages of change r e fle c t only changes in
a vera g e pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h ey a re not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem iu m pay
fo r o v e rtim e .

Data presen ted in table 2 and a ll A - s e r ie s tables
include, w h ere a p p licab le, the re c e n tly negotiated pay in ­
c re a s e s fo r m ost nonoperating ra ilro a d em p loyees. T h ese
w o rk e rs w e re granted 9 cents an hour r e tro a c tiv e to
January 1964 and 9 o r 11.4 cents, depending on occupation,
e ffe c tiv e January 1965.

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , J a c k s o n v i lle , F l a . , J a n u a ry 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num be r of w or k e rs rec eiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

weekly
hours1
(standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

45
Under
$
and
under
45

$
50

$
55

$
60

$
65

S
70

S
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

i

$
95

ICO

$
105

$

%

110

115

I
120

%

125

130
and

50

55

60

-

-

-

65

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

over

-

3
3

4
3

8
8

10
9

4
4

9
7

-

4
3

9
8

7
5

4
2

4
2

1
1

3
3

2
2

2
2

6
6

9
8

4
2

2
2

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

7
7

18
18

_

1
-

7
6

11
10

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

~

~

~

2
2

-

_

1
1

-

“

2
2

-

~

70

75

~

-

HEN

CLERKS*

A C C O U N T IN G .

CLASS

CLERKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

CLASS

N O NM ANU FACTURING

CLERKS,

ORDER

BOYS

-------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E
B

$
104.00 $
102 .50
101.50 100.50

$
$
9 1 . CO- 119.50
9 0 . 0 0 - 117.50

66
54

40 .0
40 .0

33
29

40.C
40. 0

95.00
95. 50

96.00
95.5 0

8 9 . 0 0 - 102.00
8 9 . CO- 101.00

47
44

41. 0
41 .0

85.50
85.00

79.50
79.50

7 6 . 5 0 - 96 .50
7 6 . 0 0 - 96.50

100
85

39.0
39.0

57.50
58.00

55.50
55.50

5 2 . 0 0 - 60.00
5 2 . 0 0 - 60.00

-------------------------------------------

27
26

38.5 105.50
38. 5 105.00

106.50
106.00

-------------------------------------------

40
40

40. 5
40 .5

96. 00
96.00

105.00
105.00

31

41. 0

66.00

37

40.0

63.50

_

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

12
11

2
1

5
5

_

_

_

12
12

37
30

27
25

9 7 . 0 0 - 109.50
9 7 . C0- 109.00

_

_

_

_

8 0 . SO­ 110.50
SO. 50—110.50

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

64.00

60.50-

76.50

-

-

7

-

11

63 .00

5 8 . SC-

73.50

-

-

-

13

10

80.00
78. 50

_

_

_

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

-

~

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING

CLASS

-------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------

T A 8U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E
A

B

------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING

CLASS

--------------------

-------------------------------------------

NONM AN U FA C TU R IN G

O FF IC E

A

-------------------------------------------

N O N H A N U FA C TU R IN G

~

-

-

-

~

“

~

'

1
1

3
3

1
1

5
5

1
1

11
11

1
1

_

“

~

1
~

1
1

2
2

7
7

2
2

2
2

1
1

3
3

3
3

1
1

10
10

8
a

_

_

2
2

_

4

1

3

1

4

-

-

-

2

5

7

-

-

-

*

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

—

_

_

“

_

—

“

WOMEN
B ILLE R S,

M ACH INE

(B IL L IN G

M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------------------------------------------------B ILLE R S,

M ACH INE

M A CH INE)

------------------------------------------------------------------------

BO O K K EE PIN G -M A C H IN E
CLASS

A

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E
B

A C C O U N T IN G ,

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

CLERKS,

A C C O U N T IN G ,

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

F IL E ,

CLASS

N G N M A N U FA C T U R IN G
P U B LIC

CLERKS,

CLERKS,

CLASS

A

-------------------

-------------------------------------------

CLASS

B

-------------------

-------------------------------------------

B

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

F IL E ,

CLASS

NO N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

ORDER

C

-------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------- ■
----------------------------

CLERKS,

PAYROLL

-------------------------------------------------------

NO N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
P U B LIC

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




75
71

39.5
39.5

72.00
70.50

71.00
69.50

60.0C5 9 .5 0 -

157
143

39.5
39.5

67.00
66.50

64.50
64.50

6 2 . GO- 72.00
6 1 . 50 - 71.50

163
148

39.C
39.0

87.50
86.50

88.5 0
86.50

7 8 . CO- 99.00
7 6 . 50- 99 .50

_

575
48
527

39.0
40 .0
39. 0

68.00
70.50
67. 50

66.00
72.50
65.50

5 9 . 0 0 - 78.00
6 3 . 5 0 - 80.00
5 8 • 5 C 78.00
—

3
3

-

155
154
25

38.5
39.0
39.5

63.00
6 3.00
83.50

59.50
59 .50
94.00

54.5054.506 2 . 50-

69.00
69.00
98.00

_

_

-

-

229
229

38.5
38.5

53.50
53.50

52.50
52.50

5 0 . SC5 0 . 50-

54.50
54.50

51
44

40. 0
40.0

68.50
68.00

65.00
63.50

5 8 . 0C5 7 . SO­

81.50
82.00

120
97
39

39.5
39.0
38.0

81.00
83.50
88.50

82.5 0
86.00
88.00

TO.00- 93.00
7 2 . GO- 95.50
7 5 . 00- 1 0 5 .OG

OPERATORS,
-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

CLERKS,

-------------------------------------------

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING

CLERKS,

OPERATORS,

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

NONM AN U FA C TU R IN G

CLASS

-

(BO O K K E EPIN G

~
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

5
5

20
20

7
7

10
10

12
12

11
7

1
1

5
4

13
10

13
13

70
68

20
19

36
27

8
8

1
-

4
3

4
4

1
1

_

14
14

11
11

4
4

11
11

25
25

17
15

21
13

19
15

89
2
87

7
7

1
1

-

4
4
4

1C
10
10
_

-

9

5
5
5

1
1

-

52
52

110
4
106

106
12
94

70
3
67

67
11
56

37
7
30

29
9
20

45
44
~

37
37
6

23
23
1

15
15

14
14
-

3
3
“

3
3
3

-

36
36

146
146

22
22

12
12

5
5

3
3

1
1

2
2

1
l

1
1

1
l

2
2

18
16

5
5

-

-

-

7
2

16
8
6

5
4
3

5
4
~

20
17
1

6
4
~

9
7
1

18
16
14

12
11

"

_

_

_

“

-

-

1
l

4
4

8
8

2
2

19
18
-

-

-

-

-

■

_

_

3
3

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

~

”

18
18

4
2

~

1
1

-

-

-

-

“

~

9

”
"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

1
1
1

-

-

-

“

~

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
7
7

-

2
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

'

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by industry d ivision, Jacksonville, F la ., January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um be r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S

M ean2

Median

2

Middle range2

$

A5
Under
$
and
A5
under

»
50

$

$
55

60

$

$
65

70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$

$
90

95

$
ICO

COMPTOMETER

-

L15

120

OPERATORS

--------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

NO N M AN U FA C T U R IN G

-------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

CLASS

N O NM ANU FACTURING

no

115

2

-

A

--------------------

-------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

CLASS

N O NM ANU FACTURING
PUBL IC

O FF IC E

B

--------------------

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------------

G I R L S ----------------------------------------------------------------

NONM AN U FA C TU R IN G

SE C R E T A R IE S

-------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F AC TU R IN G

----------------------------------------------------

NON M AN U FA C TU R IN G
PU B LIC

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS,

GENERAL

M A N U F AC TU R IN G

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

STENOGRAPHERS,

SEN IO R

N O NM ANU FACTURING
SW IT C H BO A R D

OPERATORS,

CLASS

A 4 -----------

-------------------------------------------

OPERATORS,

NON M AN U FA C TU R IN G
SW I T C H B O A R D

--------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING
SW ITCH BO AR D

----------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

N O N M AN U FA C T U R IN G
P U B LIC

CLASS

B 4 -----------

--------------------------------------------

O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S -

M AN U F AC TU R IN G

----------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

TA B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E

-------------------------------------------

2
2

27
26

28
28

1
I

2
2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

120

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E

-------------------------------------------

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

-

9
9

33
15
18

23
6
17

31
2
29

18
18

A
2
2

11
1
10

l
—
1

1
1
-

-

3
3

2
2

A
A

17
17

29
29

9
8

2
2

1
1

68
68
6

67
67
2

36
36
1

19
19
2

36
36
1

10
9
6

9
8
8

3
3
3

5
A

3
3

_

-

125

2
2

39.5
A0.0
39.5

$
70.5 0
68.0 0
71.00

$
70.50
6A.50
71.50

$
63.5062.5065.00-

$
76.00
70.00
77.00

-

-

126
124

39.0
39.0

89.00
89 .00

8A.50
8A.50

7 6 .0 0 - 1 0 5 . 0 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

-

_

-

-

-

-

284
282
31

39.0
39.0
39.0

65. 00
6A.50
77.50

63.00
63 .00
83 .50

57.5057.5065.00-

_

28
28

58
52

38.5
38.0

57.0 0
57.50

5A.50
55.00

757
77
680
1A2

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

91 .50
93.50
91 .00
107.00

A10
33
377
1A l

39.0
A0 • 0
38.5
38.5

221
201

72.50
72.00
89.00

-

105

2
-

1

1

NONM AN U FAC TU R IN G

A

T Y P IS T S,

-------------------------------------------

----------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

-------------------------------------------

U T I L I T I E S 3 -------------------------------------

B

----------------------------------------------------

M AN U FAC TU R IN G

CLASS

----------------------------------------------------

N O NM ANU FACTURING

-

6
6

-

-

-

5 2 . 5 0 - 62.5 0
5 2 . 5C- 62.50

-

-

-

9
9

7

-

32
27

88 .50
92.50
88 .50
1 12.00

8 1 .0 0 - 1 0 3 . 0 0
8 A . 0 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 1 0 2 . 5 0
9 A . 5 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

_

-

-

3
3

13
13

32
3
29
7

A8
3
A5

72
5
67
A

126
11
115
12

118
15
103
5

60
A
76
9

A9
9
A0
9

A8
8
A0
7

36
5
31
12

A8
6
A2
17

22

31

7
15
13

30
23

75.00
73.50
75.00
85.5 0

71.50
7A.00
70.50
86.50

6 3 . 5 0 - 85.00
7 0 . 0 0 - 8 2 . CO
6 2 . 5 0 - 85.50
6 7 . 0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0

52

A9
12
37
A

31
A
27
9

35
A
31
6

36
5
31
29

11

9

3

22

1A

3

11
3

9

3
3

22
22

IA
1A

3

-

39.0
39.0

77. 50
77.00

7 8 . 0C
77.00

71.0070.50-

8A.0C
83.00

9
6

2

1

2

~

2
2

5o
50

39.5
39.0

7A.00
7A.50

7 3 . 0C
73.00

65.0065.00-

87.50
89.00

_

-

e

_

“

~

8

68
68

AA.O
AA.O

50.50
50.50

A9.00
A9.00

3 3 .0 0 - 6A.00
3 3 . 0 0 - 6A.00

5 27
27

10
10

6
6

115
26
89

AC. C
A0.0
A0 . 0

67.50
70.50
66.50

86.0 0
69. 50
65 .50

60.5063.5058.50-

71.50
7A.50
69.50

-

A2
Ai

38. t
38.0

;»2.5C
82.00

83.00
83.00

72.0072.00-

92.00
91.00

38.5

7A.0O

78.00

69.50-

83.00

-

17-2
162

39.0
39.0

68.50
68.50

68.00
68.00

61.5061.00-

7A.0C
7A.OO

_

_

-

-

16A
152
32

38.5
38.0
39.0

6A.50
6A. 50
7A.50

6 3 . CO
62.00
7A.50

57.0057.0068.00-

71.00
71.50
81.50

-

-

-

“

A89
32
A57

38.5
39.5
38.5

58 .00
62.50
58 .0 0

57.50
62.00
57.00

5 3 . 5 0 - 62 .00
5 8 . 0 0 - 69.50
53. 50- 61.50

-

~

-

7

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

-

-

-

~

_

_

56
1
55
16

51
1A

73
6
67
14

1
1

10
10

36
36

38
36

A6
A2

A6
AA

22

a

20

2

6
5

9
9

9
6

6
A

1
1

7
7

8
8

_

-

2

-

2
2

8
8

2

3

2

3

1
1

1
1

15
15

25
10
15

7
7
~

5
5

5
2
3

6

2

2

2

_

A
29

3

2

2

2

_

_

5
5

A
A

A
A

3

9
9

6
6

_

3

3

~

3
2

3
3

7

2

8

A

16

27
27

32
27

35
35

35
31

6
6

16
16

5
5

1
-

2
2

6
6

.

_

-

-

2A
2A
-

A0
A0

33

9
9

6

_

_

6

3

-

-

6

6

l
1
1

_

5

2
2
2

3

29

2A
23

l

22
15
A

153
-

167
1A
153

85
7
78

33

33

6

_

-

_

_

_

4

3

7
7

20

4
4

2

2

9

5

8
8

12
12

22

22

1

-

~

-

OPERATORS,

G E N E R A L ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

P U B LIC

over

-

65

12

-

-

l

33

2

1

3

3

I

2

OPERATORS,

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

CLASS

130

_
-

60

133
27
106

OPERATORS,

N O NM ANU FACTUR ING

T Y P IS T S,

130

-

55

A2

KEYPUNCH

125

C O NTIN UED

M AN U F AC TU R IN G

KEYPUNCH

1---- i ---

$

110

and

50
WOMEN

$
105

-------------------------------------------

-

-

-

12
12

-

153

A
29

7

6

_

1

27

_

-

5

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu la r straight-time sa la r ie s and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o r k e r s .
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive
more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w or k e rs earn les s than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn
mo re than the higher rate.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.
5 A l l wo rk e r s w e r e at $30 to $35.




7
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an ar e a basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, Fla., January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Occupation

Number
of
wodcers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N um ber of 1 orkers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
w
$

$
70

Mean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

60

40. 0

126.00

131.50

U 4 . 50- 14 3.5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3---------------------------------------------

57

40.0

109.00

110.00

9 3 . 5 0 - 1 2 6 . CO

$

$

$

S

%

$

%

$

$

$

$

$

8C

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

7

2

11

7

8

4

2

1

4

______________________

1

2

3

3

_

8

1

5
10

_

1

8

.

5

7

14

1

2

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




$

75

and
under
75

DRAFTSMEN. CLASS B3
----------------------------------------------

$

$

8
Table A-3. Office* Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s t r y d iv is i o n , J a c k s o n v i ll e , F l a . , J a n u a r y 1965)

A v e ra g e

A v e ra g e

Occupation and industry division

of

N um ber

of

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

w o tk e rs

h o u r, 1
( s t a n d a rd )

e a rn in g s 1

h o u rs 1
( s t a n d a rd )

Occupation and industry division

e a r n in g s 1

(s t a n d a rd )

( s t a n d a rd )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

W e e k ly

CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W e e k ly

W e e k ly

h o u rs 1
( s t a n d a rd )

of
w o r k e rs

e a r n in g s 1
(s t a n d a rd )

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUK I N G --------------------------------------

134
28
106

39.5
40 .0
39.5

70.50
68 .00
71.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------

36
35

38.0
38.0

$
104.00
103.50

39. 5
39.5

74.50 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------------71.00 r
NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

126
124

39.0
39.0

89.00
89 .00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

82
81

39.5
39.5

285
262

31

39.0
39.0
39.0

89. 00
89.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G -------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
---------------------------------

65.0 0
64.50
77.50

TABULATING-MAChINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

52
51

38.5
38.5

150
141

39.0
38.5

74.00
74.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

57.50
58. OG

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------------

791
77
714
170

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

92. 50
93. 50
9 2 .5 0
110.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

172
162

39.0
39.0

68.50
68.50

TYPISTS* CLASS A -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------------------------------------

164
152
32

38.5
38.0
3 9. 0

64.50
64.5 0
74.50

42 9
33
396
154

39 .0
40 .0
39.0
38.5

76.00
73.50
76.00
87 .00

221
201

39.0
39.0

77.5 0
77.00

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL I T I E S 2
-----------------------------------------

508
32
4 76
39

38.5
39.5
38.5
39.0

60.0 0
62 .50
60.00
85.00

56
50

39.5
39.0

74.00
74.50

68
68

44.0
44 .0

5 0 . 5G
50.50

o
o

-

W e e k ly

126.00

40. C
40.0
40.G

67.5 0
70.50
66 .50

o
o

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS* MACHINE {BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ! -------------------------- --------------

A v e ra g e

Number

N um ber

Occupation and industry division

108.00

' $■
O

*

O

39

64.00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
Tu

r in g

-------------------------------

73

BOOKKEEPING—
MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B -------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

157
143

39.5
39 .5

67 .00
66 .50

CtERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING.------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1
2---------------------------

229
27
202
32

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

92.00
103.50
. 90 .50
105.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

606
52
556

*9 .0
40.0
39.0

69.50
72.00
69 .00

CLERKS*

F IL E ,

25

CLASS A ---------

.

38.5

CLERKS, FILE , CLASS B --------------------------NON MANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

162
161
32

39.0
39.0
39. 5

CLERKS* FILE* CLASS C
NGNMANUF ACTUK ING —

229
229

38.5
38.5

98

88

40 .5
40.5

130
26
104
46

39.5
40 .0
39. 0
38.5

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------NONMANUFACTLRING -----CLERKS, PAYROLL ------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING---PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2'

------

---

’

tSTENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NCNMANUFAGFURING ------------------------------64.50 PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2--------------------------64 .50
86.50 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------5 3.90
53.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A 3-----------NONMARUf AC T U R IN G ------- --------------------------------------‘ 76.50
76.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B 3-----------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------------8 3.00
72.00 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR—RECEPIIGNISTS—
85.5 0
N AN UF AC T O R IN O ----------------------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------92.50
76.50

.

115
26
89

PROFESSIONAL ANE TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS B3--------------------------------------------------

61

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS C3--------------------------------------------------

59

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu la r straight-time sala ri es and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Description for this occupation has been rev ire v since the lasL survey in this area.
See appendix A.




*

nqnm a n u f a c

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d o ccu p atio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u s t ry d iv is io n , J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , J a n u a ry 1965)

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

1

Number of wo rkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
$
$
1.20 1.30

Number

Occupation and industry division
w o r k e rs

M ean2

M e d ia n

2

M i d d le r a n g e

2

S
$
1.40 1.50

$
$
*
*
*
$
S
$
$
1.6C 1.. 70 I . 80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2. 2 0 2 .30 2.40 2. 50

$

3

-

-

-

_

-

$
2.74

$
2.98

$
$
2 . 2 6 - 3.35

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------

66
53

3.01
3.04

3.24
3.33

2.592.46-

3.42
3.45

_

tNCINEER S, STATIONARY-------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

62
AG

2.72
2.47

2.66
2.43

2.262.13-

3.33
2.72

_

2.77

12

4

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

9
7
2

-

-

4

3

-

-

3
3

1
_

-

3

1

-

~

3

2

-

12

4
4

_

_

3
3

2
2

3
1

_

2
2

8
-

2
2

15
13

15
15

4
4

-

-

8
7

_

5
5

3
3

6
2

3
3

2
2

6
6

6
5

-

1
1

5

4

4
*

4

-

4
4

4
4

1

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

4

-

-

7
7
“

2

3

_

_

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

3

-

-

10
2
8

1

10
10

4

_

4

2
1

4
4

~

3
3
3

2
2
-

15
5
10

41
3
38
38

b
8

11

15
15

1
1

13
11
2

6
2
4

1

_

_

_

-

2
2

6

-

-

4

3

5
1
4

4C

2.01

1.68

1 .2 9 -

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES MANUFACTURING-----------------------NONMANUFAC TURING------------------

LG3
68
35

2.33
2.36
2.2a

2.23
2.08
2.29

1 . 9 2 - 2.84
1 . 9 4 - 2.85
1 . 7 9 - 2.69

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE---------MANUFACTURING ------------------------

66
57

2.88
2.88

3.02
3.04

2.462.36-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U TI L IT IE S 3--------------

243
52
191
120

2.65
2.39
2.73
2.85

2.59
2.15
2.72
3.03

2.162.062.502.54-

3.21
2.55
3.22
3.25

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTUR ING -----------------------NGNMANUFAC TURIN G ------------------

174
147
27

2.6 C
2.5c
2.71

2.55
2.52
2.66

2 .1 5 2.142.26-

3.06
3.05
3.33

_

_

_

_

OILERS --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------

28
28

2.29

1.661 .6 6 -

2.82
2.82

_

2.29

2.48
2.48

PA INTE RS,

27

2.60

3.11

2.29-

3.17

_

-

3.16
3.30

MAI NT EN A NC E ------------

21
21
~

2
2

-

3

_

2
2
2

4
4

11
11
9

1L
2
9
-

23
20
3
3

19
10
9

4

_

_

29
29

21
21

4

_

-

3

_
~

~

-

_

_

_

-

-

.

6

“

“
-

5

_

_

_

7
7

1

i

I

-

-




holidays,

and late shifts.

~

4

-

-

4

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

e
-

21
21

15
15

-

u
li
4

13
4
9
5

63
7
56
56

_

2

-

-

17
14
3

31
28
3

-

_

-

16
1
15
2
20
20

7
-

7

-

4

2

4

_

8

-

-

4

-

8

-

3

3.40 3.6C 3.80 4.00

34
30
4

_

'

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
Fo r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.

$
$
3.6C 3.80

3.2C

L.7C 1..80 1. 90 2. 0 0 2. 10 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2.50 2. 60 2. 70 2.80 2. 9C

26

STATIONARY BOILER —

f
$
3.20 3.40

o
o
m

1.50 1.60

1.40

MAINTENANCE ----------

FIREMEN,

$
1
$
$
60 2.70 2. 60 2.9C 3.0C

V

and
under
1.30

CARPENTERS,

$
2.

1

_

-

-

~

~

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

4

“

2

-

-

“

~

-

12

~

~

~

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an are a basis
by industry division, Jacksonville, F la . , January 1965)
Hourly earnings2

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Num ber of w o rk ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
$

$

$

Under1* 10 1.20
Mean3

Median3

Middle range1
3
2
4

$

$

$

$

1. 30 1.4C 1.50 1.60

$

$

$

$

$

$

80

1. 90

2 .0 0

2 . 10

2 .2 0

2.30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70

1. 90

2. 00

2 .1 0

2 . 20

2 .3 0

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80 2.9C

1.70 1.

$

i

$

$

$

%

$

$

2.8C 2.90 3.00

$

3. 10 3.20

$

and

1.10 under
1.20

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

127
104

$
1-52
1.48

$
1.30
1.28

$
$
1 .2 4 - 1.79
1 .2 3 - 1.78

JANITCRS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC U TIL ITI ES 5--------------------------

745
159
586
53

1.39
1.72
1.30
2.03

1.29
1.66
1.26
2.32

1 .2 2 - 1.55
1 .4 9 - 2.10
1 .2 1 - 1.37
1 . 6 5 - 2.36

JAMTCRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

309
305

1.24
1.24

1.25
1.25

1 .2 1 1 .2 1 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES 5--------------------------

82 8
314
514
202

1.72
1.61
1.78
2.19

ORDER FILLERS ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

514
503

PACKERS, S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

7
7

1.3C 1. 4C 1.5C 1.60

4
4

300
10
290

~

29
29
1

59
9
50
1

64
23
41
3

1.28
1.28

17
17

36
36

220
219

15
12

11

1.54
1.54
1.54
2.50

1 .3 0 - 2.12
1 .4 4 - 1.73
1 .2 6 - 2.38
1 . 7 7 - 2.55

_

8

205

-

-

-

8

197
39

44
30
14
-

130
96
34
-

73
62
11
-

26
7
~

18

3

1.81
1.81

1.92
1.92

1 .5 7 - 2.05
1 .5 7 - 2.05

52
48

20
20

19
19

58
53

32
32

36
36

64
64

165
165

12

_

30

12

8C
33
47

1.64
1.48
1.76

1.53
1.46
1.74

1 .4 3 1 .4 2 1 .4 8 -

27

6

-

21

-

4

4

4

4

RECEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

120
99

1.96
1.94

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

7C
63

TRUCKCRIVERS 6 ---------------------------------------- -MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

486
86

8

-

1
1

4
4

1 .8 C

58
56

-

9

1.70

14
1C

6
6

3

4
4

1

4

3

2

1

2

3

13

18

5

2

30

3

-

4

12
6

2

2

30
-

9
9

27

51
34
17

3

12

“

~

1

~

~

33
1
32
32

_

_

_

_

46
19

6
6

8
3

_

9

33

1

3

1

_

-

2
2

~

_

-

“

~

_

_

_

3 . CO 3.10

-

-

3.2C over

-

“

.

_

_

1l

1

_

4

11
~

1

-

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

3

61
41

36

20

4

34

12

11

26

_

9

25

5
15
-

-

20

4
1

48

3

101

48
33

3
-

101
100

2
-

6
6

3

3

“

3

3

6
6

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

:

-

3

-

-

4
4

1
-

-

:
_

"

-

3

3
3

2
2

2
2

4
4

8
4

-

-

~

-

1.78
1.50
1.98

~

3

5

4

3

5

-

5

6

-

14

-

1.96
1.96

1 .8 1 - 2.16
1 .8 1 - 2.16

-

-

-

4
4

7
7

5
4

18
16

25
18

1

~

6
6

6

~

1

29
29

2.24
2.25

2.14
2.13

1 .9 3 - 2.64
1 .9 1 - 2.69

-

-

10
10

_
-

_
-

5
5

8

7

7

1,054
156
898

2.13
1.71
2.20

1.95
1.65
2.11

1 . 3 8 - 3.11
1 .4 6 - 1.96
1 .3 6 - 3.12

72

-

83

42

6

72

41

11

TRUCKCR IVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

157
141

1.52
1.50

1.38
1.35

1 .2 6 1 .2 5 -

45
45

4
~

3

549
87
462

2.09
1.63
2.18

1.91
1.51
2.00

1 .3 3 - 3.11
1 .3 9 - 1.69
1 .2 9 - 3.13

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY ICVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

286
262

2.56
2.63

2.97
3.10

2.102.14-

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) --------------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUF ACTUR T N G ------------------------------

252
130
122

1.84
1.95
1.72

2.02
2.04
1.85

1 .3 5 - 2.16
1 .5 5 - 2.35
1 . 2 9 - 2.12

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) ------------------------------------------------

66

2.38

2.45

2 . 3 8 - 2.50

4
4

4

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1 /2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

“

-

7

1

3

4---------------

1
2
3
4
5
6

1.85
1.83

3.15
3.15

-

_
~
_
~
_

-

-

_
-

27

21
4
17

6

2
1

13

3

3

7

10

3

17

61
3

6
-

58

6

197
4
193

13
12

9
9

5
5

122

49
24
25

42
18
24

22
16
6

13
8
5

6
6

18
18

12
8

12

8

4

6

5

45

-

-

6

4

4

2

i

2

-

11

5

3

16

1

13

55
35

26

11

_
-

2

~

4

3

3

20

26

_

3

_

_

7

“

_
-

_
-

44

~

33

37
16
21

_

_

_

10

11

_

22

5

2

~

_

-

2
-

_

3

14

8

40

18

24

1

8

40

18

24

1

291

4
4

3

3

35

3

10

_

154

3

3

35

3

1C

_

_

3
3

14
14

14
14

9

6

1

-

-

8

14

28

8

6

6

9
7
2

_

l

_

-

~
_

“

_

6
6

291

3

7

-

1
1

3

35

_
~

_

_

5
4
1

-

6

_

_

_

10
8
2

2

10

Data lim ited to men w o rk ers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
W o rk ers w ere distributed as follow s: 12 at $ 0. 50 to $ 0. 60; 16 at $ 0. 60 to $ 0. 70; 16 at $ 0. 70 to $ 0. 80; 5 at $ 0. 80 to $ 0. 90; and 37 at $ 1 to $ 1. 10.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes a ll d riv e rs re g a rd le ss of size and type of truck operated.




-

_

45

-

-

_

39
20
19

122

_

51
18
33

69
65

_

80
25
55

~

_

~

3

30

33
23

154

1
1

137
137

_
~
.
-

20
20

1C

9

32

15

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

11
B.

E s ta b lish m e n t P r a c t ic e s a n d S u p p le m e n ta ry W age P r o v is io n s
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for W omen Office W orkers

(Distr ib uti on of es tabl ishments studied in all industries and in industry divisions by m in im u m entrance s a l a r y fo r selected ca t ego ri es
of i ne xp er ie nc ed w o m e n office w o r k e r s , Jac ks on vi lle, F la . , Ja nu ar y 1965)
Other inex per ien ced c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2

Inexperienced typists

Minimum wee kly st ra igh t-t im e s a l a r y 1

B a s e d on standard we ekly hours 1 of—
3
2

All
industries

A ll
schedules

Esta bli sh me nts studied____________________________________________

Es tab lis hm ent s having a spe cified m i n i m u m __________________
Un d er $45.
$ 4 5 . 0 0 and
$ 4 7 . 5 0 and
$50. 00 and
$52. 50 and
$55. 00 and
$ 5 7 . 5 0 and
$60. 00 and
$62. 50 and
$65. 00 and
$67. 50 and
$70. 00 and
$7 2. 50 and
$ 7 5 . 0 0 and
$77. 50 and
$ 8 0 . 0 0 and

0 0______________________________ _______ _____ ________ _________
under $ 4 7 . 5 0 ___________________________________________
under $ 5 0 . 0 0 ________________________________________________
under $52. 50 ________________________________________________
under $55. 0 0 ________________________________________________
unde r $57. 5 0 ___________________________________________
under $ 6 0 . 0 0 ___________________________________________
under $62. 50 ___________________________________________
under $65. 0 0 ___________________________________________
under $67. 50___________________________________________
under $70. 0 0 ___________________________________________
under $7 2. 50 ___________________________________________
under $75. 0 0 ______________________________________
under $ 7 7 . 5 0 ______________________________________
under $80. 0 0 ______________________________________

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

40

All
schedules

37 y 2

A ll
industries
A ll
schedules

40

128

38

XXX

90

XXX

XX X

128

37

6

6

31

9

16

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1
18

-

-

4
2

4
2

1
1
14
-

1

-

1
5
-

-

-

-

6
3
3

-

-

-

-

4
2
1
1
-

2

-

-

2

-

-

6
5
3

3
2
2
-

2

Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d on standard wee kly hours 3 of-

40

A ll
schedules

37 y2

40

38

XXX

90

XXX

XX X

51

8

8

43

9

26

1
2
4
22
1

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

1
1
4
2
1
-

2

4
2
2
-

4
2
2
-

1
2
4
18
1

2

-

-

2

-

2

6
4
6

6
2

4

9
1

4
2
3
1
1

o v e r _________________________________________________

1

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

1

Establ ish men ts having no spe cified m i n i m u m ________________

21

9

XXX

12

XXX

XX X

30

15

XX X

15

XXX

XX X

E s tab lis hm ent s which did not em pl oy w o r k e r s
in this c at eg o ry ____________________________________________________

70

23

XXX

47

XXX

XX X

47

15

XX X

32

XXX

XX X

1 T h es e s a l a r i e s rel at e to f o r m a l l y e sta bl ish ed m in im u m starting (hiring) r e g u la r s t ra ig h t- ti m e s a l a r i e s that a re paid for
2 Exc lud es w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r ic a l jobs such as m e s s e n g e r o r office gi r l.
3 Data are pre s en te d for all standard w o r k w e e k s combined, and for the most com mon standard w o r k w e e k s rep orte d.




standard w o rk w ee k s .

1

12

Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(Shift d iffe re n tia ls of m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s by type and am ount of d iffe re n tia l,
J a c k so n v ille , F la ., J an u ary 1965)
P e rc e n t of m an u factu rin g plant w o r k e r s —
In establishments having f o r m a l
pr ovi si on s 1 fo r—

Shift differential

Second shift
w or k

Ac tu al ly working on—

Th ir d o r other
shift w o r k

Second shift

Th ir d or other
shift

T o t a l --------------------- ------ --------------------- -----------------------

80.8

70.8

17.7

7.3

With shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------

62.1

55.7

13.4

6.6

Un if o rm cents (p e r h o u r ) --------------------- ------ —

62.1

55.7

13.4

6.6

14.4
12.3
20.4
4.6
2.6
3.4
4.5
-

3.4

1.8
2.9
5.6
1.0
.3
.4
1.4
-

5 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ----------------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s _________________________________________
9 cents __ ______________________________________
10 c e n t s ___ ____________________________________
10z 3 cents ---------------------------------------------------/
12 cents _______________________________________
15 cents _______________________________________
20 cents _______________________________________
2 1 V3 cents -----------------------------------------------------

-

18.7

With no shift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------

1 Includes esta b lish m e n ts c u rre n tly o p eratin g late sh ifts,
even though they w e r e not c u rre n tly op e ra tin g late sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.05 p ercen t.

-

20.1
-

12.3
4.1
-

7.9
1.8
1.7
4.5
14.8

(1
2)
2.0
-

2.5
.4
1.3
-

-

.2
.1

4.3

.7

-

and estab lish m e n ts with fo r m a l p ro v isio n s

c o v e rin g late

shifts

Table B-3. Scheduled Weekly Hours
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by scheduled w e e k ly h ou rs
o f fi r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , J a c k so n v ille , F la ., J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

P L A N T W O RKERS

We ek ly hours
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________________________________
Und er 37V2 h o u r s ______________________ ___________
37V2 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 37V2 and under 40 hours ________ _________
40 h o u r s _______________________________________________
O v e r 40 and under 44 hour s ______________________
44 h o u r s -------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 44 and under 48 ho urs -------------------------------48 h o u r s ------ ^-----------------------------------------------------------O v e r 48 hour s _______________________________________

100
5
33
8
50
2
1
1
( 4)
(4)

1

Manufacturing

100
7
1
90
( 4)
2
-

Public utilities 2

100

32
_
68
_
( 4)
■

All industries 3

Public utilities 2

100

100

100

2
3
_

2
4
_

2

63
6
4
9
6
5

84

1 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; re ta il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other public u tilitie s.
3 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




Manufacturing

_
95
I

4
2
2
2

shown s e p a ra te ly .

2
_
i
-

13

Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by n u m b er of p aid h olidays
p ro v id e d annually, J a c k so n v ille , F la . , J an uary 1965)
PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Ite m

Manufacturing

All industries1

Manufacturing

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a id h o l id a y s — - -------------------- ----------- — ------W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a id h o l i d a y s --------------------------------------------------------

100

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

85

92

99

”

15

8

1

-

8
1

19

-

2

“
2
2

(4)

Public utilities 1
2

All industries 3

Public utilities 2

N u m b e r of days

1
1
3
4
5
5
6
6

h o l i d a y ___________________________________________________
h o l i d a y p lu s 4 h a l f d a y s ___________________________
h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________ ___
h o l i d a y s __________________________________________________
---------------------- - ------------h o l i d a y s ------- -------- h o l id a y s p lu s 1 h a l f d a y ----------------------------------------h o l i d a y s __________________________________ _______________
h o l id a y s p lu s 2 h a l f d a y s ---------------------------------- -

7 h o lid a y s ----------------------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 h a lf d ay-------------------------------------8 h o lid a y s __ - ____ ___
_ _________ __
_ ___ _ _____
_
9 h o lid a y s _____________________________________________
10 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

_

0
( 4)
( 4)
38
1
7
2

20
( 4)

11
9
13

_

1
2
41
7
25
8
-

( 4)
6

( 4)
2
41

14

10

39
14

-

-

-

-

34

16

15

42
33

( 4)

-

-

15

45

7

4

-

-

20

“

-

"

'

'

T o tal h oliday tim e 5

10 d a y s ---------------------------- --------------------------------------9 days o r m o r e -------- ------------- ---------------------------8 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------7 l /z days o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e ----- ----------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------5 1/z days o r m o r e ------------------------------------ -----------5 days o r m o re — — ----------------------------- — -----4 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e ------- ---------------- --------- ------------1 day o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------------

13
22
33
33
54
61
62
99
99
99
99

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

15
15
24
49
56
97

45
45
79
93
93
100
100
100
100

7
7
23
34
34
74
76
77
85

4
4
19
33
33
72
73
73
92

33
33
75
95
95
97
97

99

100
100

99
99

1 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; r e t a il trad e; fin an ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s .
3 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
4 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.
5 A l l com bin ation s of fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e com bined; fo r e x a m p le , the p ro p o rtio n of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total of 7 days in clu d es those w ith 7 fu ll days and
no h a lf days, 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d ay s, 5 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d a y s, and so on. P ro p o rtio n s w e r e then cum ulated.




14

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acation pay
p r o v is io n s , J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Jan u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries 2

A ll w o r k e r s ___

______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
99
-

99
99
-

100
100
-

93
85
5
3
-

92
78
14
-

100
100
-

( 5)

1

"

7

8

■

14
40
9

_
47
7

_
34

2
16
1

_
6

_
32

-

-

_

_
28
64
7

_
90
10

2
70
4
15

_
73
11
5

_
88
12

-

-

-

-

_
12

_
11
38
51

2
39
7
43

_
63
11
14

_
41
19
41

-

-

-

-

1

2
19
4
68

_
20
11
60

5
95

-

-

-

2
19
4
68

_
20
11
60

5
95

M ethod o f paym ent

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p aid v a c a tio n s ______________________________________
L e n g t h -o f-t im e p a y m e n t_______________________
P e rc e n t a g e p aym en t_____________________________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t_______________________________
O t h e r _______________________________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s ___________________________________

Am ount of v acatio n p a y 6

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e rv ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s ----- -----------------------2 w e e k s _ _____________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

33
1
65
1

A ft e r 2 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _____ _____ __________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s ___________________ ___
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ____ _________________________________________

_
6
6
87
1

81
7

_
2

_
3

-

A ft e r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k .. __ -----------------------------------------------1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________________________________
3 w e e k s ________________________________________________

(5)
97
1

-

89
7

(5)
99
-

_

A ft e r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s _______________________ ______________________
3 w e e k s ________ ______________________________________

See footnotes at end o f ta b le .




_
2
( 5)
97
1

_
3
89
7

_
1
(5)
99

_

15

Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by vacation pay
p ro v is io n s , J a c k so n v ille , F la . , J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

V a catio n po licy
All industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

Am ount o f vacatio n pay 6— Continued

A ft e r 5 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
_

U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------1 w e e k — -------- ------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -------------- ------ —
2 w e e k s ------ —
----------------------- ------------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s — ----- -----— -----________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________

2
83
13
2

_

_

( 5)

( 5)

90
9

100
-

1
14
( 5)
71
5
2

_
7
1
73
10

_
2
98
-

1

-

A ft e r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
_

U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k — ________ _______ _________________________
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w eek s — ---------------- — -----2 w e e k s ----- ------------------- —
- _ ----------------------O v e r 2 and un d er 3 w eek s — — ---------- -------- 3 w e e k s ---------- ------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------------- ------ ------ ---------- — ------

2
_
47
3
48
_
( 5)

_

_

( 5)

( 5)

1
14

_

_

( 5)
45
29
4

7
1
49
24
10

50
49
-

57
43
-

2
52
46

-

-

( 5)

-

-

1
14
( 5)
40

_

.

7
1
41

2

-

A ft e r 12 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k ----------------------------------------------------------1 w eek
O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w eek s —
_____________ — 2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 2 and u n der 3 w e e k s --------------------- -------- 3 w e e k s ------------- ---------------- ----- ---------------- — O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ---------- ----------------

------------------------------------

_
2
_
45
3
50
-

-

_

( 5)

( 5)

37

56

-

-

62
-

43
-

-

46

-

-

-

34
4
( 5)

32
10

52
-

( 5)

"

_
2
28
58
13

_

_

( 5)
30
68
-

( 5)
6
94
-

1
14
( 5)
29
44
5

_
7
1
36
34
14

_
2
4
95
-

( 5)

-

■

( 5)

"

-

1
14

■

A ft e r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w eek ------------------------- ----------------- ----------------------O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w eek s ------------------ ---------- ------ ------ -----------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w e e k s ----- -------- -------------4 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------------

A ft e r 20 y e a r s of s e r v ic e
U n d er 1 w e e k ----------------- — ------------- - ------------1 w e e k — ------------------------------------------------- -----O v e r 1 and u n der 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------- ---------------------------------------- 3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------- ------ — -----O v e r 3 and u n der 4 w eek s — --------------------- -----------------------------------4 w e e k s ----- -------- ------------O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table,




_

_

_

2
28
36
34

( 5)

( 5)
6
39
55

( 5)

-

30
63
5

( 5)
29
28
5
15
( 5)

_

_

7
1
36
24
14
11

2
4
46
49

16

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1— Continued

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by v acation pay
p r o v is io n s , J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , Jan u ary 1965)
O FF IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W ORKERS

V a c a tio n p o lic y
All industries

2
1

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Publio utilities 3

Am ount o f vacatio n p ay 6 Continued
—

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ^
_
_
1 w e e k __________________________________________________
O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 weeks
3 w e e k s ____ __________________ ____________________
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ____________________________________ ___

_

_

_

2

(5)

(5)

-

-

-

30
52
17

6
6
88

“

21
24
40
13

_

_

(5)
29
17
5
27

7
1
36
21
14
13

2
_
4
12
83

-

(5)

-

_

_

(5)
30
52

( 5)

1
14

1
14

“

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U n d e r 1 w e e k _________________________________________
1 w e e k ____________________________________________ ___
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s _________________________
2 w e e k s ________________________ ______________ _______
3 w e e k s ______ ___ _______ ___ __ ____________ _ _____
_
_
O v e r 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s _________________________
4 w e e k s ________________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s _________________________________________

.
2
21
24
-

40
13

-

17

87

( 5)
29
17
5
27

( 5)

( 5)

6
6
-

_

_

7
1
36
21
14
13

2
4
12
-

81
2

1 In cludes b a s ic p lan s only. E x c lu d e s p lan s such as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and those plan s w h ich o ffe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic plan s to w o r k e r s w ith qu alifyin g lengths
of s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu sio n s a re plan s in the s te e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u strie s.
2 In cludes d ata fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e
in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and other p u blic u tilitie s .
4 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le t ra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l esta te , and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e rcen t.
6 In cludes paym en ts oth er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " such as p e rc e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t -s u m p a y m en ts, co n verted to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , a paym ent o f 2 p e rc e n t
o f annual e a rn in g s w a s c o n s id e re d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily chosen and do not n e c e s s a r ily re fle c t the in d ivid u al p ro v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the
changes in p ro p o rtio n s indicated at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e include changes in p ro v is io n s o c c u rrin g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a re cum u lative. T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n re c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o re a fte r 5 y e a r s in clu des those who re c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' p ay o r m o re a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




17

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s em ployed in esta b lish m e n ts provid in g
health, in su ra n c e , o r pen sion be n e fits, 1 J a c k so n v ille , F la ,, January 1965)
O FF IC E W O R K ER S

P L A N T W ORKERS

Type of benefit
All industries

A ll w o r k e r s __________________________________________

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

100

100

100

100

L ife i n s u r a n c e ____________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d ism e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n c e _______________________________________
S ick n ess and acciden t in su ra n c e or
sick le a v e o r both 5____________________________

98

95

99

57

67

46

73

66

S ick n ess and acciden t in su ran ce _________
Sick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aitin g p e r io d )------------------------------------------Sick le a v e (p a r t ia l pay o r
w aitin g p e r io d )-------------------------------------------

18

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

84

80

97

50

63

47

42

49

40

53

37

9

32

33

24

50

36

7

14

5

3

12

5

33

11

7

30

97
97
80

91
90
80
82
73
3

99
99
94
93
49

88
86

89
87
76
61
53

98
98
92
78
53

8

2

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p rovid in g:

H o sp ita liz a tio n in su ra n c e -----------------------------S u rg ic a l in s u ra n c e -------------------------------------------M e d ic a l in s u r a n c e -------------------------------------------C atastro p h e in su ra n c e ---------------------- ---------R e tire m e n t p e n s i o n _______ ____________________
N o health, in su ra n c e , o r pension p l a n _____

86
80

( 6)

( 6)

63
50
52
7

Includes those plans fo r w hich at le a s t a part of the cost is b o rn e b y the e m p lo y e r, except those le g a lly re q u ire d , such as w o rk m e n 's co m pen sation , s o c ia l s e c u rity , and
r a ilr o a d retire m e n t.
2 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; re t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown se p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 U n duplicated total of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g sick le a v e o r sic k n e ss and acciden t in su ra n c e shown s e p a ra te ly b e lo w .
Sick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to those w hich d efin ite ly e s ta b lis h
at le a s t the
m in im um n u m ber of d a y s ' pay that can be expected b y each em p lo y ee.
In fo rm a l sick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an in dividu al b a s is a r e excluded.
6 L e s s than 0.5 p ercen t.




18

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s by fo r m a l sick le a v e
p ro v is io n s , J a c k so n v ille , F l a . , J an u ary 1965)
OFFICE WORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Sick le a v e p ro v is io n
All industries1

A ll w o rk e rs —

—

___

__________

___

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
fo r m a l paid sic k le a v e — —
-------------W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no fo r m a l paid sick le a v e -----------------------------------

Manufacturing

Public utilities1
2

All industries3

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

6 2 .4

40. 5

40. 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities2

100. 0

100. 0

24. 3

11. 9

33. 0

88. 1

67. 0

5. 5
4. 7
2. 1
1.9
.8
6. 4
6 .4

3. 3
3. 3
_
_
-

6
3
2
9
3

-

29. 6
1.5
28. 1

2
5

-

24. 5
_
24. 5
-

37. 6

59. 5

59. 8

75. 7

U n ifo rm plan: 4
N o w aitin g p e r i o d --------------------------------------------_
F u ll p a y * __ __ ______ _____ ________ ________
5 days
6 d a y s ____ ______ _______ ___ ___________ _
_
_
_
_
7 d a y s _________ _ ____________ ___ ____ _
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l pay 5------------------------10 d a y s — _ _ ----------------------65 d a y s —
--------- _ _ _ -----------P a r t ia l pay o n ly ------------------------------------------W aitin g p e r i o d ------------------ — -----F u ll p ay — ___ _____ _________________
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ----------------_ — - — -

21.7
18. 5
2. 3
4 .6
2. 7
3. 0
.3
.3
.2
1. 0
.7
.3

28. 2
19. 0
8. 5
4. 7
8 .8
4. 3
4. 5
.4
4 .4
4 .4

7 .4
7. 4
4. 8
-

9 .2
7. 7
3. 0
2. 7
1. 2
.9
.6
2. 9
. 6
2. 3

G ra d u a te d p la n 4— A ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e rv ic e :
N o w aitin g p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll p a y 5
5 days — ---------------------- — -----------11 d a y s ____ ___ ____ ____ ______ ______ ___
F u ll pay plus p a rtia l p a y 5 — ----- — -----10 d a y s ..
_ __ — ------ ----------------W aitin g p e r i o d --------- ---------— — — -----F u ll p ay _____ _______ ___
_____ ____
P a r t ia l pay o n ly ------------ -------- -------- ------

2 8 .4
8. 0
5. 7
.4
2 0 .4
19. 9
11. 3
4. 3
7. 0

7 .9
7 .9
1.9
4. 8
-

32. 8
.4
3 2 .4

5.
2.
2.
2.
.
7.
1.
5.

G rad u ated p la n 4— A ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e rv ic e :
N o w aitin g p e r i o d ----------------------------F u ll p a y * ...........................................................
54 d a y s _____ ______ ________ _ ______ ___ __
_
125 d a y s ------------—
-----------F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l pay 5------------------------5 d a y s ______________________________________
10 d a y s . —
----- — — -----— ----15 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------20 d a y s ---------— ----- — -----------5 0 day s ---------------- ------ -------------- ------ -------70 d a y s - — -------------— — ---------W a itin g p e r i o d --------------------- -------- ------ -----_________ _________ ________
F u ll p ay_____
F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l p ay ---------------------------P a r t ia l pay o n ly -------------------------------------------

37. 7
7. 3
.4
2 .9
3 0 .4
3. 5
2. 7
1.6
12.7
4. 7
5. 1
2. 0
. 1
1. 0
.9

7 .9
6. 7
4 .8
1. 2
-

31.3

10.
2.
7.
2.
1.
3.
2.
.
1.
.

7 .8

6 .6

1. 3

Type and am ount o f sic k le a v e
p ro v id e d annually

-

-

31. 3
31. 3
1. 5
.4
1. 1
-

0
5
5

7

6
7
5
1
2
7
1

-

-

_
24. 5
5. 1
1. 5
3. 6
-

P r o v is io n s fo r accu m u lation
W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts having
p ro v is io n s fo r accu m u latio n of
un used sic k l e a v e ------------------------------------------------

1. 8

2. 6

3. 8

1 In cludes data fo r w h o le s a le trad e; r e t a il tra d e ; fin an ce, in su ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
2 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m un ication , and other p ublic u tilitie s.
3 In clu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n se p a ra te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " a r e d efin ed as those fo r m a l plan s u n der w h ich an em p lo y e e , a fte r 1 y e a r of s e r v ic e , is entitled to the sam e n u m ber of d a y s ' paid sick le a v e each y e a r .
"G ra d u a te d
p la n s " a r e d efin ed a s those f o r m a l plans u n d er w h ich an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r ie s a c c o rd in g to len gth of s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a t ily chosen. E stim a te s r e fle c t p ro v is io n s a p p lic a b le
at the stated len gth of s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p ro v isio n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, the p ro p o rtio n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' sic k le a v e a fte r 10 y e a r s of s e r v ic e m ay a lso r e c e iv e this am ount a fte r
g r e a t e r o r le s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M a y include p ro v is io n s other than those p re se n te d se p a ra te ly . N u m b e rs of days show n u n der " F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l p a y " a r e days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e sick le a v e at fu ll pay; w o r k e r s
a r e entitled to ad d itio n al days o f sic k le a v e at p a r t ia l pay.




19

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f offic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv isio n s e m p lo y ed in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g p r o fit -s h a r in g plan s, 1
by type of plan, J a c k so n v ille , F la . , J an uary 1965)
O FF IC E W O R K ER S

T ype of plan
All industries

2

Manufacturing

100

100

20

19

6

11

10

------------

Public utilities 3

9

. ...............

P L A N T W O RKERS

100

2

All industries

4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

22

9

2

4

4

13

5

2

-

-

91

98

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g

p la n s

( 5)

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r c u rre n t
Hi s t r i h n t i n n

.

_

___

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
d i s t r i b u t i o n _____

___
_

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r both c u rre n t
and d e fe r r e d d is t r ib u t io n --------------

6

P la n s p ro v id in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's choice
of m ethod of d is t r ib u t io n ----------------------------W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p r o fit -s h a r in g plans — ------ -------- — — -

( 5)

-

80

81

99

78

1 The study w a s lim ite d to fo r m a l plans ( l ) h aving e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s fo r the allo c a tio n of p ro fit sh a re s am ong em p lo y e e s; (2) w h ose fo r m u la s w e r e com m un icated to the e m p lo y ees in
advance of the d e term in atio n of p ro fits; (3 ) that r e p re s e n t a com m itm en t by the com pany to m ake p e rio d ic contributions b a s e d on p ro fits; and (4) in w h ich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo rity o f the
o ffice o r plant w o r k e r s .
2 Includes data f o r w h o le s a le trad e; re t a il trad e; fin an ce, in s u ra n c e , and r e a l estate; and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
3 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m un ication , and oth er public u tilitie s .
4 Includes data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in addition to those in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a ra te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 percen t.







Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau’ s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsm an and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salaryinform ation for more sp ecific categories.

Draftsm an. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A , B,
and C; and draftsm an-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not com parable to data previously
published. In areas where current em ploym ent and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of inform ation provided. The com bination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is com parable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

21




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or .perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning: charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

23

24
CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B, Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woxker*s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

25
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and inteiprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reportson scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough woiking knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

26
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this workers time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already set up and spaced properly.

27
PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




28

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from* trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's woik normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

29

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Woik involves most of the followings Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary* adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Wodc involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

so
TO AND D M
OL
IE AKER—Continued

SHEET-M
ETAL WORKER, M TEN CE
AIN AN
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment* Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoxking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
TOOL AND D MAKER
IE

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes* In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTOD1AL AND 1

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN R—
E Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment* Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment* Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering*
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEAN
ER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL H DLIN
AN
G
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded*

31
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SH
IPPIN
G
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establidiments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SH
IPPIN AND RECEIVIN CLERK
G
G

TRUCKER, POW
ER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and dripping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than foiklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors o f
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d irecto ry indicating dates of e a r lie r studies, and the p rices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased fro m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Prin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402,
or fro m any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
A re a

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1---------------------------Albany—
6chenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M ar. 1964 l .
T
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., Apr. 19641— ----- ----Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— .J ., Feb. 1964 1
N
Atlanta, Ga., M ay 19641
B altim ore, M d., Nov. 19641
Beaumont— o rt Arthur, T ex., M ay 1964 1___________
P
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1_______________—______
Boise City, Idaho, July 19641 ----Boston, M ass., Oct. 19641

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N .Y ., Dec. 19641 -.
Burlington, Vt., M ar. 1964.
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641
Charleston, W. V a ., Apr. 1964 1
Charlotte, N .C ., Apr. 19641
Chattanooga, Tenn.— a., Sept. 1964 l .
G
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641 ____________
Cincinnati, Ohio— y ., M ar. 19641—
K
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641 _______
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 ________

1430-36,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

30
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T ex., Nov. 19641 __________________________
Davenport—
Rock^Island— oline, Iowa—
M

1430-25, 30 cents

Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_______
D enver, Colo., Dec. 1964_____
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 19641
D etroit, M ich., Jan. 1964_____
F o rt Worth, T ex., Nov. 19641Green Bay, W is., Aug. 19641.
G reen ville, S.C., M ay 19641_____________________
Houston, T ex., June 19641 ----------------------------

1430-20,
1430-31,
1430-32,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Indianapolis, Ind., Nov. 1964_____________________
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 19641--------------------------Jacksonville, F la ., Jan. 1965 1----------- -----------Kansas City, M o.-Kans., Nov. 1964------------------Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1964 1 _
H
N
_
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk., Aug. 1964 l .
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C alif., M ar. 1964 1 ___
Lou isville, K y.—
Ind., Feb. 1964.
Lubbock, T ex., June 1964 1____ —-----Manchester, N.H., Aug. 19641 _______
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1964 ___

1430-30,
1385-41,
1430-38,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
25
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a

Bulletin number
and price
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

M iam i, F la ., Dec. 1964Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1964Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn., Jan. 1964______
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., May 1964 1
Newark and J ersey City, N .J ., Feb. 1964 1 -------New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1965.
New Orleans, La., Feb. 1964.
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19641____
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, V a ., June 1964_________
Oklahoma City, O kla., Aug. 19641

1430-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1430-34,
1385-42,
1385-72,

O m ah a, N e b r . —Io w a, Oct. 1964________________________
P a t e r son— lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M a y 1964 1 ______
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1 9 64 1__________________
P h o en ix , A r i z . , M a r . 1964 1--------------------------------------P itt s b u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1964______________________________
P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v. 1964--------------------------------------P o r t la n d , O r e g .—W a s h ., M a y 1964 1-------------------------P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t, R . L - M a s s . , M a y 1964------P
R a le ig h , N .C ., Sept. 1 964_______________________________
R ichm ond, V a . , N o v . 1964______________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1430-28,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

25
25
35
25
25
25
25
20
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R o c k fo rd , 111., A p r . 1 9 64 1______________________________
St. L o u is , M o .—
111., Oct. 1964 1---------------------------------S alt L a k e C ity, U tah , D e c . 1964 1_____________________
San A nton io, T e x ., June 1964__________________________
San B e r n a r d in o —R iv e r s id e — n ta rio , C a lif.,
O

1385-60,
1430-22,
1430-33,
1385-74,

25
30
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1430-37,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1430-35,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
25
30
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

San D ie g o , C a lif., Sept. 1964 1_________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — ak la n d , C a lif., Jan. 1965 * - _______
O
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1964 1______________________________
S cran ton , P a ., A u g . 1964________________________________
S eattle, W a s h ., Sept. 1964_________
S iou x F a l l s , S. D a k ., Oct. 1964_______
South B en d , Ind., M a r . 1964 1________________
Spokane, W a s h ., M a y 1964-____
T o le d o , O hio, F e b . 1964___
T ren to n , N .J ., D e c. 1 9 64 1

Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., Oct. 1964 l .
Waterbury, Conn., M ar. 19641_________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641____________
Wichita, K ans., Sept. 1964 1____________
W orcester, M ass., June 1964 l .
York, Pa., Feb. 19641_____________________

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102