View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

3 '

5Q - i i

Occupational Wage Survey

DAYTON, OHIO
JAN U A R Y 1965

1430-31




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
DAYTON, OHIO




JANUARY 1965

Bulletin No. 1430-31
March 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S TA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 2 0 402 - Price 25 cents




Contents

P reface

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s i g n e d
to p r o v i d e data on o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b l i s h ­
m ent
p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d data b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s stu died, f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S ta te s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t into ( l ) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) the s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t i o n ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ------------------------------------Tables:
1.
2.

A.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d -----------------------------------------------------------------------I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a rd w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y
e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f
i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s -------------------------------------------------

2

7
8
9

Appendixes:
A . C h a n ge s i n o c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ---------------------------------------B. O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ----------------------------------------------------------

11
13

T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f the s u r v e y in
Dayto n, Ohio , in J an u ary 1965. It w a s p r e p a r e d in the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d , O h io , b y R o b e r t G.
B r y a n , u n de r the d i r e c t i o n o f E l l i o t t A . B r o w a r , A s s i s t ­
ant R e g i o n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W a g e s and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .




2

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s : *
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — e n and w o m e n __________________________
m
A -2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m en
and w o m e n ---------------------------------------------------------------------A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a ti o n s —
m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d ---------------------------------------------A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------------A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s -----------------

A t the end o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a
b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a stu died.
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a l l o f the in d i v i d u a l a r e a b u lle tin s f o r
a round o f s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b u l l e t i n is i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s data f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s stu d ie d in to one b u lle tin .
The second p art p resents
i n f o r m a t i o n w h i c h has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m i n d i v i d u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a data to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S tate s.
E i g h t y - t w o a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d i n the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
an nually in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is o b ta in e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y i n m o s t o f the a r e a s .

1
3

areas.

* N O T E : S i m i l a r ta b u la tion s a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r
(See inside back c o v e r . )

ot h e r

U n ion s c a l e s , i n d i c a t i v e o f p r e v a i l i n g p ay l e v e l s in the
D a y ton a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i l a b l e f o r b u ild in g c o n s t r u c ti o n ,
p r i n ti n g , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , and m o t o r ­
tr u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s .

iii

4
6




Occupational Wage Survey—Dayton, Ohio
Introduction
O c c u p a ti o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
l a t e s h if ts .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n bon u s es a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u rs a r e
r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e paid ; a v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r t h e s e oc c u p a tio n s h a v e
b e e n roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 82 in w h i c h the U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a ti o n a l e a r n i n g s
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
T h i s b u lle tin p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n i n g s i n f o r m a t i o n ob ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in that e a r l i e r study. P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r t i n g unusual chan ge s
s i n c e the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

T h e a v e ra g e s presented r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e estim ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g and,
thus, c o n tr i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h j o b .
T h e p ay
r e l a t i o n s h i p o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y
th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in i n d iv id u a l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n
and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ti o n s sho uld not be a s s u m e d to
r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w i t h i n i n d iv id u a l e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s . O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h i c h m a y c o n trib u t e to d i f f e r ­
e n c e s in p ay f o r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in p r o g r e s s i o n
w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly the ac tu a l r a t e s paid i n ­
c u m b e n ts a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d ,
although the w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the s a m e
s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e u s e d in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c du tie s p e r f o r m e d .

In each a r e a , data a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c t u r i n g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e s tu d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
h a vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te nd to fu r n is h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n s stu died
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n . S e p a r a t e ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r each o f the
b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b l i c a ti o n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con d u cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
ob ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s stu died. In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r, a ll establishm en ts a re g iven th eir a p p ro p ria te w eigh t. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d on the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the in d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e stu died.

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the t o ta l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c tu a l l y
surveyed.
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e am on g e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t ob ta ined f r o m
the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s stu d ie d s e r v e on ly to in d i c a t e the r e l a t i v e
i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s stu died.
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ct u rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g types:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a ti o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take accoun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in du tie s w i t h i n the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a ti o n s s e l e c t e d f o r study
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B.
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f
the o c c u p a ti o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n is to o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s p o s s i ­
b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n ta r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u l a ti o n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d in this
bulletin.
I n f o r m a t i o n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s i s c o l l e c t e d b i e n n i a l l y in
th is a r e a .
T h e s e tab u la tion s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s
for
i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ;
s c h ed uled
w e e k l y h o u r s ; p aid h o l i d a y s ; p aid v a c a t i o n s ; and health, in s u r a n c e ,
and p e n s i o n p la n s ; a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s ) in p r e v i o u s
b u lle tin s f o r th is a r e a .

1

2




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b li sh m e n t s and w o r k e r s within sc ope of s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied in Dayton, O h i o , 1
by m a j o r i nd us tr y d i v i s i o n , 2 Ja n u a ry 1965
N u m b e r of es ta bl is hm en ts

M in i m u m
em plo ym en t
in e s t a b li s h ­
ments in scope
of study

Indus try divi si on

Within scope
of s t u d y 3

W o r k e r s in est ab li sh m en ts

Studied

A l l d i v i s i o n s ___________________________________________________________

Within scope
o f s tu d y 4

Studied

382

123

134,200

96,140

"

204
178

59
64

97,800
36,400

75,440
20,700

50
50
50
50
50

M a n u f a c t u ri n g_________________________________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c tu r in g ____________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co mm un ica tio n, and
other public u t i l i t i e s 5 ________________________________________
W h o l e s a l e tr a d e 6 __________________________________ ___________
R e ta il tr a d e 6 ________ ______________________________________
F in a n c e , in s u ra n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e 6______________________
S e r v i c e s 67— __ ___
_
_

27
25
75
18
33

14
6
23
7
14

7,600
2,700
16, 600
2, 800
6, 700

6, 260
1,000
7,9 30
1,530
3,980

50

1 T h e Dayton Sta nd ard M e t r o p o li t a n Stati st ic al A r e a c on si st s of G r e e n e , M i a m i , and M o n t g o m e r y Cou nties. T h e " w o r k e r s within sco pe of study"
es ti m a te s shown in this table p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b ly ac c u r a t e de sc r i p t i o n of the s i z e and c o mp os it io n of the la b o r f o r c e included in the su r v ey . Th e
e st im a t e s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s i s of c o m p a r i s o n w it h other em p lo y m e n t in dexes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em plo ym en t tr en ds
or le v e l s since (1) planning of w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s the u s e of e s ta b li s h m e n t data co m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b ly in adv ance o f the p a y r o l l p e r io d studied,
and (2) s m a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e ex cluded f r o m the scope of the s u rv ey .
2 T h e 1957 r e v i s e d edition of the Standard In d u st ri al C la s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y in g es ta b lis hm en t s by i ndu st ry divi sio n.
3 In cludes a l l e st a b l is h m e n t s with total e m plo ym en t at o r above the m i n i m u m limitation. A l l outlets (within the a r e a ) of com pa ni es in such
in d us t ri e s as tr a d e , fina nc e, auto r e p a i r s e r v i c e , and motion pi ct u re th e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d as 1 e s ta bli sh m en t.
4 Includes a l l w o r k e r s in a l l es ta bl is h m e n ts wit h total e m plo ym en t (within the a r e a ) at o r ab ov e the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 T a x i c a b s and s e r v i c e s incidental to w a t e r t r a n s po r t a t io n w e r e excluded.
5 T h i s in du str y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g " in the S e r i e s A t ab le s . S e p a r a t e pre s en t at io n
of data fo r this d iv is i on is not m a d e f o r one o r m o r e of the follo wi ng r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the di vi s i o n is too s m a l l to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r i t se p a ra te study, (2) the s am pl e w a s not d e si g n e d in itially to p e r m i t se p a r a t e p re se n ta ti on , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s insufficient o r inadequate to
p e r m i t se p a ra te pr e s e n ta ti on , and (4) th ere is po s s i b i li t y o f d i s c l o s u r e of in dividual e s ta b li s h m e n t data.
7 Hotels; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u si n e s s s e r v i c e s ; auto mob ile r e p a i r shops; motion pi c t u r e s; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p o rg an iz at i o n s (ex clu din g r e l i g i o u s
and c h a ri ta b le or g a n i z a ti o n s) ; and e n gi ne er in g and a rc h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

T a b l e 2.

Indexes of standard w e e k l y s a l a r i e s and s t r a i g h t - t i m e ho u rl y e a r n in g s f o r s e lec te d occup ation al g r o u p s in Dayton, Ohio,
Ja nu ar y 1965 and J a n u a r y 1964, and pe rc e n ts of i n c r e a s e f o r se le c t e d p e ri o d s
Indexes
( J a n u a r y 1961=100)

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e

In dustry and occup at ion al g ro u p
J a n u a r y 1965

J a n u a r y 1964

J a n u a r y 1964
to
Ja n u a ry 1965

Ja n u a ry 1963
to
Ja n u a ry 1964

J a n ua r y 1962
to
J a n ua r y 1963

Ja nu ar y 1961
to
Ja nu ar y 1962

A l l in dus tri es :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w om e n )
In d us tr ial n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) ___
Sk il le d main te na nc e ( m e n ) _______________
U n s k il l e d plant ( m e n ) _____________________

110.
116.
107.
108.

7
3
8
0

106.
110.
106.
104.

9
9
3
6

3. 5
4 .9
1. 4
3. 3

1.
2.
2.
.

4
8
7
5

3.
3.
2.
2.

3
8
6
0

2.
4.
.
2.

M a n uf a c t ur in g :
O ff ic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) ______
In d us t ri a l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n ) ___
Ski ll ed mainten an ce (m e n ) _______________
U n s k i l le d plant ( m e n ) _____________________

109.
114.
107.
110.

4
2
4
3

105.
108.
106.
107.

3
8
0
0

3.
5.
1.
3.

.
1.
2.
2.

5
8
5
3

3.
3.
2.
1.

2
8
7
8

1. 6
2.9
.7
2. 7

8
0
3
2

1
0
8
1

D e c e m b e r 1959
to
Ja n u a ry 1961

4.
8.
3.
5.

0
6
6
0

4. 3
9. 7
3. 6
4 .9

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la nt w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e l a t e to a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the s ta n d a rd w o r k s c h e d u le f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p aid .
F o r p la nt w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n ge s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a ti o n s and i n ­
c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w i t h i n e a c h g r o u p .
T h e o f f i c e c l e r i c a l data a r e b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n in the f o l l o w i n g
19 j o b s : B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s B; c l e r k s , a c c o u n tin g ,
c l a s s A and B; c l e r k s , f i l e , c l a s s A , B , and C; c l e r k s , o r d e r ; c l e r k s ,
p a y r o l l ; C o m p t o m e t e r o p e r a t o r s ; k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s , c l a s s A and B;
o f f i c e b o y s and g i r l s ; s e c r e t a r i e s ; s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l ; s t e n o g r a ­
p h e rs, senior; sw itchboard o p e r a to r s ; tabu la tin g-m a ch in e o p e r a to r s ,
c l a s s B; and t y p i s t s , c l a s s A and B. T h e i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e data a r e
b a s e d on m e n and w o m e n i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s .
M e n in the f o l l o w i n g
8 s k i l l e d m a i n te n a n c e j o b s and 2 u n s k i l l e d j o b s a r e i n c lu d e d in the
plant w o r k e r data: S k i l l e d — c a r p e n t e r s ; e l e c t r i c i a n s ; m a c h i n i s t s ; m e ­
c h a n ic s ; m e c h a n i c s , a u t o m o t i v e ; p a i n t e r s ; p i p e f i t t e r s ; and t o o l and
d ie m a k e r s ; u n s k i l l e d — j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and c l e a n e r s ; and l a b o r e r s ,
m a t e r i a l handling.
A v e ra g e w e e k ly
c o m p u te d f o r e a c h o f the
or h o u rly earnings w e r e
the j o b s d u r in g the p e r i o d




s a la rie s or a v e r a g e h o u rly earnings w e r e
s e le c te d occupations. T h e a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
then m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f
s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s

f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a ti o n s w e r e th en t o t a l e d to ob ta in an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r the one y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p u t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n the r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f ch an ge f r o m the one p e r i o d to the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u te d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r
e ach g ro u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r (1961).
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h an ge m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e
job ; and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e
r esu ltin g f r o m la b o r tu r n o v e r , fo r c e expan sio n s, f o r c e redu ction s,
and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e can caus e
i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w ith out a c tu a l
w a g e changes.
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the
p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p aid w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a ti o n and l o w e r
the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r paid
w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f
a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t out o f an a r e a could c a u s e the a v e r a g e
e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n though no c h an ge in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
T h e use o f c on stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n ge s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h j o b i n ­
c lu d e d in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f chan ge r e f l e c t o n ly changes in
a v e ra g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t - t im e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n c e d b y
c h a n ge s in s ta n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for ove rtim e .

D a ta p r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 and a l l A - s e r i e s ta b le s
i n c lu d e , w h e r e a p p l i c a b l e , the r e c e n t l y n e g o t i a t e d p a y i n ­
c r e a s e s fo r m ost nonoperatin g r a ilr o a d e m p lo y e e s . T h e s e
w o r k e r s w e r e g r a n t e d 9 cents an ho ur r e t r o a c t i v e to
J a n u a r y 1964 and 9 o r 11.4 c e n t s , d e pe n din g on o c c u p a tio n ,
e f f e c t i v e J a n u a r y 1965.

4
A. O ccupation al E a rn in g s
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly h ou rs and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , Dayton, O hio, January 1965)
W
eekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

w
orkers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

S

Average
weekly
hours1

standard)

Mean2

M
edian 2

S

S

S

$

$

1

*

$

*

*

t

$

$

I

$

S

S

S

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

190

150

160

170

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

3
1

95

S

i
i

19
19

11
11

9
9

8
6

15
13

16
12

98
35

5
5

3
3

-

_

-

-

5
2

6
2

12
3

3
1

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
8

8
4

7
7

_

_

_

-

i
i

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

M
iddle range 2
under
50

MEN
133
110

39.5
39.5

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

57
35

39.5
39.5

99.50
88.50

98.50
85.00

79 .00 -1 1 1 .0 0
78 .00 -1 0 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

162
93

39.5
39.0

96.00
98.00

97.00
98.00

8 5. 50 -1 05 .0 0
8 7. 00 -1 12 .5 0

OFFICE B U Y S ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

59
32

90.0
90.0

61.50
69.00

59.00
66.00

5 9 .5 0 - 69.00
5 9 . 0 0 - 72.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

52
95

90.0
90.0

138.00
190.50

191.00
198.50

11 7.50-159.50
117.50-169.00

65
92

39.5
39.5

111.50
116.00

109.50
112.50

95 .50 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 9 .0 0- 13 9. 00

29

90.0

95.50

101.00

8 7 ,5 0- 10 5. 50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE! ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

94
69

39.5
39.5

78.50
78.50

78.00
79.00

7 0 .5 0 62.00-

87.00
91.50

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M AC H IN E) -----------------------------------------------

53

*
o
o

$
$
$
$
122.00 125.50 107 .50 -13 7.0 0
121.50 120.50 105.50-1 36 .50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------

69.50

63.00

5 8 .0 0 -

71.00

-

-

-

i
i

-

9
1

12
12

4
4

6
6

-

“

3
2

-

-

3
3

4
4

19
11

10
4

9

10
4

17
5

40
28

15
3

9
6

5
5

16
11

19
4

3
-

10
8

6
4

i
i

2
2

i
i

i
i

-

15
15

6
6

2

"

10
2

23
15

13
6

6
6

8
8

3
3

2
2

3
3

_

1

“

~

1

2
2

10

6

18

6

2

4

-

7

2

2
1

ii

15
12
3

7
2
5

7
7

_

-

-

-

u

6
3
3

3

-

“

~

3

“
-

~
-

TABULATING-MACHINE CPERAICRS,
MANUFACTURING--------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

WOMEN

_

BGUKKEEPING-MACHINE CPERAICRS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

68
90
28

39.5
90.0
28.0

90.00
87.50
93.50

99.50
96.00
91.00

83 .00 -1 0 1 .0 0
67 .50 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0- 10 2. 00

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTLRING ---------------------------

293
163
80

90.0
90 .0
91.0

83.50
89.00
73.00

83.50
90.00
76.00

6 9 . 5 0 - 98.50
76.0 0- 10 2. 00
6 3 . 0 0 - 86.00

9
2
7

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------MANUFAC TURI NG --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

179
128
51

90.0
39.5
90.5

97.50
99.00
93.50

99.50
9 7.50
91.00

8 7 .0 0- 10 8. 50
8 6 .5 0- 11 0. 50
8 7 .5 0 - 97.50

-

-

-

-

CLERKS,

NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

252
106
196

90.0
39.5
90.5

75.50
85.00
68.50

76.50
82.00
67.50

69.5076 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 -

86.00
89.00
81.00

16

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

135
56
79

90.0
90.0
90.0

70.50
68.00
72.50

69.00
62.00
71.00

6 1 .0 0 5 9 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 -

77.50
81.00
76.50

16
16
-

ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




7
7

_

_

_

-

7
7

“

-

~

“

“

2

l

7

29
19
10

29
19
10

11
7
4

30
16
19

25
19
6

23
10
13

18
16
2

17
10
7

92
92

4
4

1
1

1
1

10
10

-

3
2

13
13

I

3
2
1

-

37
16
21

27
13
19

20
16
4

6
3
3

22
21
1

11
9
2

5
5
-

i

8
8

3
3

2
2

-

-

7

-

16

16

-

16

39
2
32

22
4
18

27
11
16

38
28
10

30
21
9

95
17
28

12
8
4

29
12
17

19

27
3
29

8
2
6

10
3
7

3
2
1

~

L
13

_
-

-

i
7
7
-

*
-

7

-

~

7

“

i
i

-

-

~

“

“

7
7

_

_

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

7
4
3

7
6
i

13
13

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4
-

2
2

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Averag e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Number of worke rs receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t

weekly
hours1
(standard)

45
Mean2

Median 2

M
iddle range 2

CONTINUED

$

s

s

$

$

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

14C

150

160

170

180

$
87.00
86.00
91.00

$
$
7 6 .0 0- 10 5. 00
74.50-1 07 .00
81.5 0- 10 1. 00

-

1
1
-

i
i
“

19
18
1

ii
8
3

15
11
4

13
11
2

28
22
6

26
21
5

22
9
13

5
4
i

8
2
6

15
15

7
3
4

5
5
~

7
5
2

15
15

-

-

-

-

14

11
2
9

17
7
10

27
20
7

21
19
2

3
3

2
2
-

5
5
-

22
19
3

9
5
4

21
21

*

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

14
10

24
11

13
11

20
10

7
4

5
3

13
1

_
-

_
-

9
9

11
11

_

-

-

-

CLERKS. PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

198
151
47

40.0
39.5
40.0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

235
105
130

40.0
40.0
40.0

83.00
102.00
68.00

83.00
100.00
63.50

6 2 .0 0- 10 2. 50
89.00-1 15 .50
58 .0 0 - 77.00

_
-

7
7

44
44

21
21

14

n
2
9

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

122
73
49

40.0
39.5
40.0

95.50
98.50
91.50

91.00
91.00
V I. JU

82.0 0- 10 6. 00
82.5 0- 12 5. 50

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

2
2

4
i

202
144

39.5
39.5
^rU.U

77.00
79.50
i £ .UU

74.50
77.50

6 3 .5 0 - 86.50
60 .5 0 - 96.00

-

13
10

24
24

21
18

27
3
24

18
9

0 .00

4 . U0
87.5 0- 12 4. 50
85.50 -13 1.0 0
89.5 0- 11 6. 50
99.50 -12 5.0 0

-

-

~

-

29
27
2

88.50
87.50
89.00

76 .0 0 - 98.50
7 4 .5 0 - 98.00
80.00 -10 0.0 0

-

3
3

29
20
9

107.50 109.50
109.50 113.50
98.50
99.00

98 .50 -1 2 0 .5 0
101.50-121.50
89 .00 -1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

2b

$

t

55

S
91.00
91.00
90.50

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

s

t

t

50

and
under
50

NOMEN -

$

t

STt

*

21
16

24
15

13
8

2
2

15
15

i
i

3
3

6
6

14
14

_
-

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

55
42
13
1

23
11
12
4

97
68
29
3

46
24
22
4

59
31
28
1

79
46
33
10

65
48
17

54
26
28
5

70
36
34
29

67
49
18
1

77
42
35
11

69
44
25
18

91
89
2
*

8
8
-

9
9
-

5
5
-

-

-

-

37
20
17

31
23
8

17
12
5

61
37
24

43
21
22

55
34
21

50
32
18

37
20
17

31
17
14

16
6
10

3
3
-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

12
12

3
i
2

7
7

14
7
7

13
8
5

28
18
10

32
27
5

31
21
10

33
22
11

28
28

74
74

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

' U,UU

1

SECRETARIES---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC U TI LI TIE S3--------------------------

903
605
298
87

40.0
40.C
39.5
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL ----------------------MANLFAC TURI NG-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING------------------------------

414
246
168

40.0
40.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SEN IOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------------

277
220
57

40*0
40.0
39.5

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

148
34
114

40.0
40.0
40.0

77.00
98.00
71.00

72.00
102.00
68.50

6 4 .5 0 - 89.00
84.0 0- 11 7. 00
6 1 . 5 0 - 78.50

_

14
14

10
10

15
i

32
3

9
3

19
I
18

5
1

10
2

5
5

3
-

6
4

7
1

1
1

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

SN ITCHBUARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING------------------------------------

147
106

40.0
40 .0
<*u.u

76.00
79.00
• 3U

72.50
73. 50
68.50

6 6 . 0 0 - 84.50
6 7 .5 0 - 88.50

_

8
8

7
-

15
6

32
25

22
20

21
8

7
6

11
ii

9
7

1
1

3
3

_
-

2
2

4
4

5
5

-

-

-

_
-

-

HI

TABULA! ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------

47

40.0

100.00

90. 00

87.00-1 15 .00

“

2

3

19

4

4

1

2

1

2

3

2

4

-

“

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS *
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------

25

38.5

84.50

78.00

7 6 .0 0 -

l

2

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

121
91

39.5
39.0

74.50
74.00

74.00
74.50

6 1 . 0 0 - 84.50
5 8 .5 0 - 84.50

~
“

14
14

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

273
211
62

39.5
39.5
40.5

91.50
95.00
80.00

89.00
97.00
82.00

80.0 0- 10 8. 50
8 1 .5 0- 11 2. 00
7 6 .0 0 - 86.00

-

4
4
-

618
410
208

39.5

73.00

71.50

6 2 . 5 0 - 83.00

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek
2 The mean is computed for each job
than the rate shown; half receive less than
the higher rate.
T Transportation, communication, and




107.00 105.00
109.00 106.00
103.00 103.00
111.50 113.00

-

87.00
87.00
87.50

*
-

84.00

-

“

1

3

14

2

“

14
13

12
4

13
9

10
7

9
9

22
15

10
3

4
4

4
4

2
2

2
2

5
5

~
*

-

2
2

18
16
2

12
2
10

9
8
i

24
13
11

49
29
20

24
10
14

13
12
1

25
23
2

16
16

14
14
-

26
25
1

37
37
-

-

-

-

-

55
23

49
27

36

31

24
8

20

65

~

42
12

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the wo rkers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
other public utilities.

( A v e r a g e straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an ar e a basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1965)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard!

Nu m be r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—

s

t
70

Mean2

M
edian 2

Middle range 2

$

s

s

t

s

s

s

s

s

75

EC

t
85

$
90

s

95

s

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

$
190

195

80

05

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

3

12
11

5
5

19
13

1
1

and
under
75

WOMEN

NURSES, INCUSTR1AL (REG I STEREO) ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

72
63

o o
O O




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women

$
117.50
116.50

119.50
117.00

$
$
1 0 7 .0 0 - 1 3 2 . 0 0
1 0 5 .CC-130.00

1
l

—
—

—
—

—
—

7
7

7
6

2
2

3

6
3

11
10

2
1

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regu lar straight-time s ala ri es and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 F o r definition of ter ms, see footnote 2, table A - l .

Data w e r e not collected for draftsmen and tr a c e r s due to the revision of occupational
descriptions, which w e r e re vised to facilitate improved classification.
(See appendix A.)
It wa s not feasible to collect earnings data by ma il the f ir st year; however, earnings data
fo r draftsmen and tr a c e r s w il l be collected by pe rsonal visit and published next year.

1
-

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis
by indu stry d iv is io n , Dayton, O hio, January 1965)

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

122
73
49

40.0
39.5
40.0

95.50
98.50
91.50

TABOLATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A — — — ——— — — — — — —
— — —
—
—— — —
MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

54
47

40.0
40.0

137.00
139.00

39.5
40.0
38.0

90.00 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 6 ------------88.00
MANLFACTURING -----------------------------------93.50
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

202
144
58

39.5
39.5
40.0

77.00
79.50
72.00

TABULATING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
CLASS B
— —
•— •
———————————————————
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING----------------------------------

112
63
49

40.0
39.5
40.0

107.00
115.00
96.00

40.0
40.0
41.0

83.50
88.50
73.00

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING----------------------------------

80
46
34

39.5
39.5
40.0

64.00
68.50
57.50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------------------------

54
31

39.5
38.5

90.50
91.50

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------------108.00
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------109.50
NONMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------------104.00
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------118.50
STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL --------------------------79.00
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------85.50
NONMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------------------------7 3 .5C
STENOGRAPHERS, SE NI O R ----------------------------88.50
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------NONMAN UF AC TL R I N G ---------------------------------84.50
86.50 SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS------------------------------82.50
MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

909
611
298
87

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

107.00
109.50
103.00
111.50

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATCRS,
GENERAL
— —— —— — —————— - —
—
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

121
91

39.5
39.0

74.50
74.00

415
246
169

40.0
40.0
40.0

87.00
87.00
87.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

273
211
62

39.5
39.5
40.5

91.50
95.00
80.00

277
220
57

40.0
40.0
39.5

107.50
109.50
98.50

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

618
410
208

39.5
39.5
40.0

73.00
75.50
68.00

153
34
119

40.0
40.0
40.0

78.00
98.00
72.00

72
63

40.0
40.0

117.50
116.50

*
©

$
76.00
79.00
68.50

245
165
80

o

39.5
39.5

64.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------MANLFAC TURING-----------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UT IL ITI ES2--------------------------

312
238
T4
29

40.0
39.5
40.5
40.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

309
141
168

40.0
39.5
40.5

55

38.5

297
149
148

39.5
39.5
40.0

214
166
48

4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0

39.5
40.0

93.00
90.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
CCCUPATICNS
NURSES* INCUSTRIAL (RE GIS TE RE D) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

40.0
40.0
40.0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

P A Y R O L L ------

-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

147
106
41

69
41
28

MANUFACTURING---NCNMANUFACTURING

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

Number
of
workers

SW ITCHBOARC OPERA TOR-REC EP TI C M ST SMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACILRING ------------------------------

CLERKS.

Occupation and industry division

$
83.00
102.00
68.50

53

CLERKS, 0R0ER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

40.0
40.0
40.0

BILLERS. MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MA C HI N E) --------------------------------------

CLASS A --------

Weekly

239
105
134

94
69

FILE,

Number
of
workers

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------------$
78.50
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------78.50
NCNMANUFACTURING----------------------------------

BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
M AC HI NE )-------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

CLERKS,

Occupation and industry division

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

8
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r m en in s e le c te d occu p a tion s stu died on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , D ayton, O h io, J an u ary 1965)
Nu m be r of wo r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1
J
2.1C

$
2.20

$
2.30

s
s
$
$
i
• 9C 2.5C i!. 60 2,, 70 2. 80 2 .9 0

!
$
1.00 3.10
3

>•
2 20

$
3.. 30 3.90

$
s
3. 50 3.60

3.70

$
J
$
$
3 . EC 3.90 9.CC 9. 10

2.1C

Occupation and industry division

Num
ber
of
w
orkers

2.2C

2.3C

2.9 C

. 5 C 2.60

2.7C 2., 8C 2. 90 3 .0 0

3 10 3 .20
L.

1
(.30

3,.90 3.5C

3.60

3.8C

3.9 C 9.00

-

-

$
2.00
edian 2
Mean2 M

M
iddle range 2

129
100
29

$
3.37
3.39
3.96

$
3.44
3.96
3.35

$
$
3 . 3 0 - 3.53
3 . 1 5 - 3.53
3 . 3 0 - 3.95

E L E C T R I C I A N S . MAINTENANCE -----------M AN LF A CT LR IN G ----------------------------

985
930

5.39
3.37

3.97
3. 9 6

3.383.26-

3.61
3.59

-

-

-

E N G I N E E R S , ST A T I O N A R Y ------------------MAN UF AC T UR ING ----------------------------

137
102

3.29
3.27

3.93
3.92

3.132.99-

3.50
3.99

-

~

7
7

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R ---------MAN LF AC TOR ING ----------------------------

112
97

2.88
2.88

2.87
2.86

2 . 7 7 - 2.98
2 . 7 7 - 2.95

-

-

-

3

-

~

H t L P E K S , MAINTENANCE TRADES -------M ANU FAC TL RIN G -----------------------------

1 18
53

2.62
2.61

2.69
2 .6 7

2.592.38-

2.69
2.8C

-

-

-

"

-

17
17

1,192
1,190

3.35
3.35

3.59
3.59

3.123.13-

3.71
3.71

10
10

-

70
70

6
6

M A C H I N I S T S , MAINTENANCE --------------MANLF ACT UR IN G -----------------------------

295
286

3.98
3.98

3.69
3.58

3.513.51-

3.65
3.65

-

-

_

_

M t C F A N I C S , A LT C M O TI VE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NCNMAN UF ACT U R I N G ----------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------

168
118
5C
37

2.98
3.03
2.87
2.77

3.11
3. 15
3 .0 9
2.69

2.702.822.362.32-

3.2C
3.19
3.31
3.91

M E C H A N IC S , MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

396
311

3.13
3.08

2.90
2.88

2.802.78-

3.61
3.29

M I L L mR 1GH I S -------------------------------------MAN LE ACT URI NG ----------------------------

279
2 79

3.92
3.92

3.46
3.46

3.923.92-

3.51
3.51

-

O I L E R S ----------------------------------------------MANLFAC TUR I N G ----------------------------

99
97

2.75
2.75

2.82
2.82

2.662.65-

2.86
2.86

-

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E ------------------MANUFACTLR I N G ----------------------------

108
89

3.13
3.11

3.39
3.35

2.872.89-

3.92
3.93

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

309
278

3.95
3.95

3.97
3.97

3.933.93-

3.51
3.52

P L U M B E R S , MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

30
30

3.31
3.31

3.96
3.96

3.063.06-

3.55
3.55

S F E E I - M E T A L WO RK ERS , MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

191
130

3.98
3.4 8

3.50
3.50

3 .9 9 3.99-

3.55
3.55

TOCL ANC D I E MAKERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

1 ,C63
1 ,063

3.71
3.71

3.78
3.78

3 .7 1 3.71-

3.93
3.93

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
F o r definition of ter ms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




$

i

and
under

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M ANU FAC TL RIN G ----------------------------NUNMANUFACTUR I N G -----------------------

M A C F I N E - T O C L O P E R A T O R S , TCCLPCCM
MANLEACTUR ING ----------------------------

f

2
2
-

4
4

-

a
11
-

3
3

7
7

-

21
21

12
12

21
21

-

_

-

-

3
-

-

16
16

6
3

2
l

2
-

6
6

2
2

30
29

25
29

9
-

_

-

25
29

-

15
5

62
7

12
12

92
92

18
l8

19
18

10
10

10
10

29
29

31
31

7
7

3
3

12
10

9
9

9
9

8
5
3
3

9
9

10
10

10

-

*

-

10
4

49
45
4

-

-

49
49

84
84

20
20

18
18

13
13

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

1

-

1C
1C

-

-

-

~

~

-

~

9.1C

9.2C

~

-

12
12

1
-

3.70

_

-

-

10
8
2

-

7
7

29
29

-

6

16
1
15

39
39

-

-

6

169
191

66
69

96
66

31
31

-

-

*

-

2
2

-

-

19
17

4
3

16
16

48
35

15
19

18
7

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

9

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

4

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

15
15

27
27

22
21

18
18

250
250

296
296

279
279

95
95

-

-

_

-

-

~

-

-

10
10

5
5

92
92

130
123

5
5

_

_

_

“

13
13

-

~

2

23
21
2
2

15
5
10
9

13
10

1
-

6
i

4
4

4
4

18
18

159
159

75
75

-

39
26

33
31
2C1
171

86
86

-

4
4

12
12

_

-

1
1
-

36
35
1

-

-

-

-

~

“

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

~

-

-

-

"

19
19

29
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

59
59

-

-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

1
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

_

-

8
8
8

e
8
8

19
19

-

-

-

12
9
3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

33
33

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

16
16

10
9

56
55

2
2

1
1

16
15

2
-

6
i

-

-

-

-

3
3

i

11
11

-

4
4

-

i
i

11
11

62
51

67
67

29
29

6
6

23
23

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

4
4

7
7

12
12

5
5

-

7
7

-

2
2

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

3
3

4
4

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
l

-

“

-

-

-

-

holidays,

-

-

-

-

and late shifts.

-

15
15

-

15
15

-

3
3

19
19

3
3

92
92

12
12

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

"

-

-

-

*

55
55

392
392

87
87

358
358

-

_

-

9
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , Dayton, O hio, January 1965)
Number of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -----MANUFACTURING-----------NONMANUFACTURING -----GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------

l
1.20

(
I
1.30 1.4C

1.30

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

1 . AC 1.50

Under
$
and
1.20 under

Mean5

Median3

Middle range3

600
A5 A
1A6

$
2.A7
2.59
2.07

$
2.87
2.93
2.18

$
$
2 . 0 7 - 2.96
2 . 4 4 - 2.98
1 . 27 - 2.82

20
20

A05

2.68

2.94

2 . 5 9 - 2.98

20

70
16
54

-

-

*

2

1
t
(
t
(
S
I
(
S
f
I
t
1.5C 1 •6 C 1 •7 C 1.80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30 2 . AO 2.50 2.60

l.fcC 1.70 1.60 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20 2.30
8
8

5

9
7
2

-

5

-

5

2

5
3
2

-

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

49

1.87

1.85

1 . 2 8 - 2.29

-

-

-

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS MANUFACTURING------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

1 ,A1C
923
A87

2.12
2.36
1.66

2.28
2.52
1.52

1 . 7 3 - 2.55
2 . 1 7 - 2.57
1 . 27 - 1.89

45
45

126
12
114

82
9
73

15
10
5

38
38

JANITORS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
( NOMEN) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

176
79
97

1.85
2.39
1.41

1.77
2.53
1.28

1 . 28 2.431 . 24 -

4
4

53
53

8
8

12
12

4
3
1

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING-------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

9A7
694
253

2.50
2.55
2.38

2.58
2.60
2.54

2 . 3 3 - 2.77
2 . 3 6 - 2.76
1 . 88 - 2.93

-

18
18

5

2
2

37
6
31

-

5

ORCER FILLERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

A26
178
2A8

2.56
2.63
2.50

2.55
2.59
2.50

2 . 2 5 - 2.86
2 . 5 0 - 2.84
2 . 0 8 - 3.02

-

-

-

-

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ----------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NCNMANUFAC TURI NG-------------------------

651
568
83

2.A2
2.A8
2.03

2.52
2.61
1.98

2 . 0 9 - 2.86
2 . 2 1 - 2.90
1 . 5 9 - 2.38

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN)------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

30A
278

1.85
1.89

1.84
L • 86

1 . 7 3 - 2.05
1 . 7 5 - 2.05

_

RECEIVING CLER KS------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NGNM ANUFAC TURING-------------------------

125
56
69

2.51
2.57
2.46

2.56
2.70
2.53

2 . 1 9 - 2.77
2 . 3 4 - 2.77
2 . 1 6 - 2.77

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------

70
45
25

2.66
2.67
2.65

2.63
2.66
2.58

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLER KS ---MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

123
95
26

2.38
2.46
2.10

2.41
2.48
2.22

2 . 2 A - 2.72
2 . 3 A - 2.72
1 . 5 7 - 2.68

~

4
2
2

14
13
1

28
26
2

13
10
3

22
6
16

15

i

9

2

8

26

10

-

5

18

TRUCKCR IVERS4 ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACILRING------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S5---------------------

1,371
5A2
829
585

2.91
2.70
3.05
3.15

2.99
2.85
3.16
3.20

2.812.572.943.12-

TRUCKCRIVER S , LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 T O N S ) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------

75
A8
27

2.20
2.51
1.6A

2.22
2.65
1.49

1 . 55 - 2.79
2 . 0 9 - 2.84
1.44— 1.58

TRUCKCR IVERS , MEDIUM ( 1-1/2 TO
ANC INCLUDING A TONS) -------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------

180
138

2.49
2.48

2.60
2.79

2.512.42-

See footnotes at end of table.




3.19
2.54
3.31
3.34

2.93
2.95

-

-

2

8

2

-

7

60
10
50

57
36
21

55
49
6

73
69
4

56
43
13

87
83
4

11
11

4
4
-

6
5
1

3
3

3
3
“

7
7

-

6
6

4
2
2

13
4
9

9
2

41
39
2

-

i

1

14

59

13

i

1

14

59

l 3
12
1

15
6
9

67
58
9

16
16

52
52

2
2
2
2
-

27
5
22

_
~

-

28
28
~

_

5

37
32

8
-

2
-

“

81
75

-

-

-

24
~
24

1
1

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

_

_

“

“

_

_
_

-

-

15
15

4
4

16
16

14
4
10
6
6

_

_
_
-

t

3 . AC 3.6C

50
5
45

2 2

228
e
“

58
58
“

~

-

-

228

58

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

119
70
49

16
16

-

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

_
~

_
-

7
7

46
46

8
8

77
73
4

84
67
17

129
105
24

56
42
14

84
53
31

13

39
24
15

17
4
13

24
17
7

85
48
37

~

26
18
8

42
42
-

50
36
14

40
33
7

88
88

2
2

"

4
4

_
-

26
8
18

-

n

-

-

-

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

6
5
i

$

470
440
30

_

3
3

t

50
38
12

29
28
1

5

28
28

-

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

203
201
2

24
23
i

122
58
64

19
19

12
12
-

-

_
-

15
8
7

9
9
-

68
68

7
?

74
74

-

-

_
-

24
18
6

119
119
-

5
5
-

30
30
-

120
120

23
23
-

8
4
4

_
-

_
-

6
6

3
3

_

14
14

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

i7
10

17
3
14

7
3
4

25
20
5

12
5
7

5
3
2

4
4

2
2

_
-

_
-

-

-

17
11
6

5
5

11
11

6
6

e
e

1

3
3

-

1

2
~
2

17
17

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

7

2
2
-

6
2
4

5
5

1
1

7
7

8

25
25

10
10

_

6
6

8

_
-

35
32
3

“

_

5
i
4
_

$

3.0C 3.20

2.9C 3 . PC 3.20 3 . AO 3.60 3.80

18
16
2

17
17

-

3

2 . AO 2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

9
i
8

20
18
2

2 . 5 0 - 2.85
2 . 5 2 - 2.79
2 . 2 6 - 2.97

2.52
2.58
1.47

16

I
I
s
2.70 2.80 2.9C

21
21
-

11
11

95
36
59

13
12
1

64
45
19

ii
6
5
240
146
94

14
12
2
14 6
126

-

-

-

-

_
381
63
318

290

_
-

290

_

~
2
2
-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dayton, Ohio, January 1965)1
5
4
3
2
Number of work er s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

Occupation1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

s
s
s
s
$
t
t
$
$
$
$
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.5C 1.60 1.7C 1 80 1.90 2.00 2.10 2.20

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1.30

TRUCKCRI VERS4 -

s

t

s

1.40

1.50

1.6C 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2. 10 2.20 2.30

$
2.30

2.40 2.50 2.60 2.70

2.80

$
2.9C

t
$
3.00 3.20

s
$
3.40 3.60

2.40

2.50 2.60 2.70 2.80

2.90

3.0C

3.20

3.40

3.6C 3.8C

18
18

Under
and
$
1.20 under

27
27

124

230

%

i

CONTINUED

TROCKDRIVERS, HEAVY

(CVER 4 ICRS,
407
53

$
3.21
2.86

$
3.31
2.91

$
$
3 .1 4 - 3.36
2. 84- 2.96

122
122

2.58
2.58

2.71
2.71

2 . 2 9 - 2.91
2.91

677
653

2.69
2.67

2.73
2.73

2 78
2 . 5 3 - 2.78

145

2.66

TRUCKER IVERS, HEAVY (CVER 4 TCAS,
20

10

51

47
47

14

32

33

13

50

28

357

/n
60

IE

TRLCKERSt POWER ( CTHER THAN

1
2
3
4
5

2.49-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Includes all d rivers re ga rdless of size and type of truck operated.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




28

and late shifts.

15

12

3

Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A , B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by m ail this year and w ill be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations w ill
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

11




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and fam iliarity with Hie
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing m achine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
m ay or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints autom atically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
cletks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such asin legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc.
Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e t c . ; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential m ail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, co llect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-tim e assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e .g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls .)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or sim ilar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks.
May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B.
Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

16
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m ail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining m aterial from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language m a­
terial; and planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse-who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factor/ or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are e x ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of m etal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into m echanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

19

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of m echanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or m echanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the m illwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

20
TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, m etal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of m etal parts during fabri­
cation as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other m etal-form ing work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
m etal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m a­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

21
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer ca p a city .)

Tmckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Tmckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Tmckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Tmckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.

property







Available On Request----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—March 1964.

40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A lis t o f the la te st avail ab le bulletins is pre s e n te d below. A d i r e c t o r y indicating dates o f e a r l i e r studies, and the p r i c e s o f the bulletins is
a v aila b le on request. Bulletins m a y be pur chas ed f r o m the Superintendent o f Documents, U. S. G ov e rn m en t P r in tin g O f f ic e , Washington, D. C. , 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l sales o f f i c e s shown on the inside front c o v e r .

Area

Bulletin number
and p r i c e

Ak ron, Ohio, June 1964 1___________________________________
Alb an y—
Schenectady— r o y , N. Y. , M a r . 1964*___________
T
Albuquerqu e, N. M e x. , Ap r. 1964 1______________________
All entown—
Bethlehem —
Easton, P a . — J. , Feb. 1964 1
N.
__
Atlanta, Ga. , M a y 1964*____________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , Md. , N ov. 19641 ______________________________
Beaumont— o r t A rth u r, T e x . , M a y 1964 1
P
________________
B irm in g h a m , A l a . , Ap r. 1964*____________________________
B o is e C ity, Idaho, July 1964 1
______________________________
B oston, M a s s . , Oct. 1964 1
_________________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-7 3,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buf fa lo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963___________________________________
B urlington, V t. , M a r . 1964________________________________
Canton, Ohio, A p r . 1964 1__________________________________
C h arle ston , W. V a. , Ap r. 1964 1
__________________________
C harlotte, N. C. , Ap r . 19641
______________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 ____________________
C hicago, 111., Ap r . 1964*__________________________________
Cincinn ati, Ohio—
Ky. , M a r . 1964*________________________
C lev e lan d , Ohio, Sept. 19641______________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641 _______________________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

D all as, T e x . , N ov. 19641 __________________________________
Dav enpor t— ock Island— o l i n e , I o w a R
M
Ill. , Oct. 1964 1____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1965_____________________________________
D e n v e r, C o l o . , Dec. 1963 1
_________________________________
Des M o in e s , Iowa, F eb. 1964 1_____________________________
D e tr o it, M i c h . , Jan. 1964__________________________________
F o r t W ort h, T e x . , Nov. 1964 1_____________________________
G r e e n Bay, W is . , Aug. 1964 1_____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S. C. , M ay 1964 1______________________________
Houston, T e x . , June 1964 1_________________________________

1430-25,

30 cents

1430-20,
1430-31,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

Indianapolis, Ind. , N ov . 1964______________________________
Jackson, M i s s . , Feb. 19641_______________________________
J ac k s on v il le , F l a . , Jan. 1964_____________________________
Kansas C ity, M o . —
Kans. , N ov. 1964______________________
H
N
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s . — . H . , June 1964 1_________
L i t t l e Rock — or th L i t t l e Rock, A r k . , Aug. 1964 1_________
N
L o s A n g e l e s —Long Bea ch, C a l i f . , M a r . 1964 1
_____________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964___________________________
Lubbock, T e x . , June 1964 1
_________________________________
M a n c h es te r , N. H. , Aug. 1964 1___________________________
M e m p his , Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1______________________________

1430-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

M iam i, Fla. , Dec. 1964__________________________________
Milwaukee, W is. , Apr. 1964____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1964________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon H eights, M ich ., May 1964 1________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1
__________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964___________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1___________________________
N orfolk—
Portsm outh and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964_______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
______________________

Bulletin number
and p ric e

1430-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5,
25cents

Omaha, N eb r. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964___________________________ 1430-17, 25
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , May 1964 1
P
_____________ 1385-62, 25
Philadelphia, P a . — J. , Nov. 1964 1____________________ 1430-28, 35
N.
Phoenix, A riz . , M ar. 1964*_____________________________ 1385-54, 25
Pittsburgh, P a . , Jan. 1964_______________________________ 1385-38, 25
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964______________________________ 1430-21, 25
Wash. , May 1964 1_____________________ 1385-67, 25
Portland, O re g .—
Providen ce—
Pawtucket, R . I . — ass. ,May 1964__________ 1385-65, 20
M
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964________________________________ 1430-6,
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964_______________________________ 1430-19, 25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
20cents
cents

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Rockford, 111. , Apr. 1964*_______________________________ 1385-60,
St. Louis, M o .-H I. , Oct. 1964 1_________________________ 1430-22,
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963_________________________ 1385-28,
San Antonio, T ex. , June 1964____________________________ 1385-74,
San Bernardino— iversid e—
R
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964________________________________________________ ’1430-8,
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964*___________________________ 1430-12,
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1964 1______________ 1385-36,
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
_______________________________ 1385-69,
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964________________________________ 1430-2,
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964_______________________________ 1430-9.

cents
cents
cents
cents

20cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20cents
25cents

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Sioux F a lls, S. D ak., Oct. 1964_________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1964 1___________________________
Spokane, W ash., May 1964_______________________________
T oledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_________________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963_______________________________
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Oct. 19641 _______________
W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1964 1__________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 _____________________________
W ichita, K ans., Sept. 19641_____________________________
W orcester, M a ss., June 1964 1
__________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1___________________________________

20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
2 5 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

25
30
20
20





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102