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BALTIMORE, MARYLAND
IpMM

NOVEMBER 1964
mm

Bul l eti n No. 1 4 3 0 - 2 7




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BURKAU O F LA BO R STA TISTIC S
Ewan C I oqu «, Commi»*ioner




HAWAII

O ccupational Wage Survey
BALTIMORE, MARYLAND




N OVEM BER 1 9 6 4

Bulletin No. 1430-27
February 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.5*. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is the
need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by
occupational category and skill level, and (2) the structure
and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.
At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each area studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual met­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.
Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is col­
lected annually in each area. Information on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained
biennially in most of the areas.
This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Baltimore, Md., in November 1964. It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in New York, N.Y., by Jesse
Benjamin, under the direction of Harold A. Barletta. The
study was under the general direction of Frederick W.
Mueller, Assistant Regional Director for Wages and
Industrial Relations.




Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------------------- Wage trends for selected occupational groups-----------------------------—

1
4

Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods_________________________________-

3

A. Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women----------------------------5
A - 2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women—
8
A-3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined--------------------------------------9
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations---------------------- 10
A-5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations-------------- 11
B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers--B-2. Shift differentials--------------------------------------------------B-3. Scheduled weekly hours-----------------------------------------B-5.
B-6.
B-7.
B-8.

13
14
15

Paid vacations------------------------------------------------------Health, insurance, and pension plans-------------------------Paid sick lea ve-----------------------------------------------------Profit-sharing plans-----------------------------------------------

17
20
21
23

Appendixe s:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions---------------------------------B. Occupational descriptions------------------------------------------------

25
27

*NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
areas. (See inside back cover.)
Current reports on occupational earnings and supple­
mentary wage practices in the Baltimore area are also
available for the machinery industries (May 1964), and
men's and boys' suits and coats (October 1963). Union
scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are available
for building construction, printing, local-transit operating
employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

m




Occupational Wage Survey—Baltimore, Md.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services.
Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job.
The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments.
To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Es­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not m aterially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either (l ) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
"Plant w orkers" include working fo re­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey.
In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B-4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen’ s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance
1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if
conditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in
late shifts.




company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
( l ) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees:
(1) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

it met either of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
formal provisions covering
contributions.
if it (1) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
written form for operating
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.

3

Ta ble 1.

E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope of su rvey and number studied i: B a ltim o re , M d .,1 by m a jo r in du stry d ivis ion , 2 N o vem b er 1964
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions

__ __ __

_

__ __

______

—

W orkers in establishments
Within scope of study

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

Studied
Office

Total 4

Plant

T ota l4

707

215

272, 100

42,300

177, 700

188,330

-

279
428

77
138

157,000
115, 100

15, 600
26,700

116,100
61, 600

105, 280
83,050

100
50
100
50
50

33
111
71
96
117

18
31
27
33
29

28, 900
12,100
38,000
20,300
15,800

----

Manufacturing___ ______________ _ ___ _____ __
_ -----Nonmanufacturing
_ _
__ _ _ ______ _ __ ____
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5__
_
_
Wholesale trade
_
__ _ _
_
____ _ ____
Retail trade
_ __ __ _
Finance, insurance, and real estate __ _______
_
___ ___
__ ____ __
S e rv ic e s7__ ___

Number of establishments

100

6,
2,
4,
12,

000
600
100
300
( 8)

14, 600
6, 400
30, 000
6 1,200
( 8)

26,120
4, 480
31,290
12,890
8, 270

1

The B a ltim o re Standard M etrop o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a consists of the city of B a ltim o re ; and the counties of Anne A ru n del, B a ltim o re , C a r ro ll, and Howard. The "w o r k e rs within scope of
study" estim ates shown in this table p rovid e a reason ably accu rate d escrip tio n of the s iz e and com position of the labor fo r c e included in the su rvey. The estim ates a re not intended, h ow ever,
to serv e as a basis of com parison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the a rea to m easu re em ploym ent trends o r le v e ls since (1) planning of w age su rveys re q u ires the use of establishm ent data
com piled co n sid era b ly in advance of the p a y r o ll p erio d studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents a re excluded fr o m the scope of the survey.
The 1957 re v is e d edition of the Standard In du strial C la ss ifica tio n Manual was used in c la s s ify in g establish m ents by industry d ivision .
Includes a ll establish m ents with total em ploym ent at o r above the m inim um lim ita tion . A ll outlets (w ithin the a rea ) of com panies in such in du stries as tra d e, finance, auto re p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ictu re th eaters a re con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
Includes ex ecu tive, p ro fe ssio n a l, and other w o rk e rs excluded fr o m the separate o ffic e and plant c a teg o rie s.
Taxicabs and s e r v ic e s in ciden tal to w a ter tran sportation w e re excluded.
E stim ate re la te s to re a l estate establishm ents only.
W ork ers fr o m the en tire industry division a re rep res en ted in the S eries A ta bles, but fr o m the re a l estate portion only in " a ll
in du stry" estim ates in the S e rie s B tables.
H otels; p erso n a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir shops; m otion p ictu re s; nonprofit m em bersh ip organ ization s (exclu ding re lig io u s and ch aritable orga n izatio n s); and engin eering
and a rch itectu ra l s e r v ic e s .
This indu stry d ivis ion is rep res en ted in estim ates fo r " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e ries A ta b les, and fo r " a ll in d u stries" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation
of data fo r this d ivis ion is not made fo r one or m o re of the fo llo w in g reason s; (1) Em ploym ent in the d ivis ion is too sm all to provid e enough data to m e rit separate study, (2) the sample

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

was

not

designed

initially to p e r m i t

separ a t e presentation,

(3) r e s p o n s e w a s

insufficient

o r i n a dequate to

permit

s e p a r a t e presentation,

a n d (4) t here is possibility

of

d isclosure of individual

establishm ent data.




T a ble 2. Indexes of standard w eek ly sa la rie s and str-aight-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r sele cted occupational groups
in B a ltim o re , M d., N o vem b er 1964 and N o vem b er 1963, and p ercen ts of in c re a s e fo r selected period s
Indexes
(D ece m b er 1960=100)

P e rc e n ts of in crea se

N o vem b er 1964 N o vem b er 1963

N o vem b er 1963 N o vem b er 1962 N o vem b er 1961 D ecem b er I960 Septem ber 1959
to
to
to
to
to
'N o ve m b er 1964 N o vem b er 1963 N o vem b er 1962 N o vem b er 1961 D ecem b er I960

Industry and occupational group

A ll in du stries;
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )______
In du strial n urses (m en and w o m e n )__
S killed m aintenance (m en)
U nskilled plant (m en )___ __ _ _ ___
Manufacturing;
O ffic e c le r ic a l (m en and w om en )_____
In du strial nurses (m en and w o m e n )__
Skilled m aintenance (m en)
U nskilled plant (m en )__ ___ ___ _______

114.0
114.0
112.3
112.4

110.0
112.5
111.7

112.6

109.7
112.4
108.3

3.9
1.4
3.7

109.6

2.6

108.4
111.5
107.2

1.5
.9
4.1
2.3

110.2

3.5
1.4
2.5
4.3

3.5

1.8
2.2

4.1

2.8
3.9
1.8
.9

3.1
6.7
3.8
4.2

3.1
3.3

1.6
6.0

1.1
2.2

3.8
3.6

3.5
3.2
3.4
4.2

4.1
5.3
3.2
5.9

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational G roups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the per­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in du stry d ivisio n , B a ltim o re , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e weekly earnings of—

$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

40

45

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------

300
153
107

39.5 1 2 1 .0 0
39.5 125 .50
39.0 11 2.5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

150
94

39 .5
3 9. 5
3 9. 5

OFFICE B O Y S -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NCNM ANUF ACTUR I N G ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------------------FINANCE ------------------------------------

100
93
84

220
84
136
42
69

T AEUL ATING-MACHIN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------------TABULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------FINANCE 4-----------------------------------TABULATING-MACHINE

40.0
40.0
40 .0
3 9 .0
39.5
38.5
39. 5
37.5

38.5
3 9. 0

252
98
154

38. 5
39.5
38 .0
3 8. 0

91 .50
98 .5 0
85 .0 0

$

121.50
133 .00
1 1 2 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0

111.50 107 .50
11 3.0 0
11 4.0 0 1 13 .0 0

103.00110.0099.00-

$

50

$

55

$

60

$

65

$

70

$

75

$

50

*

*

RS

$

oo

$

95

$

ICO

$

105

$

110

$

115

$

120

125

6 3 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 1 .5 0

68.00
57 .0 0

100.00101.00101.00-

6 1 .5 0
64.0 0
59 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
5 6 .0 0

56.0059.505 5.0058.0052.00-

1 2 0 .0 0

113 .50
12 0 .5 0

94 .50

9 2 .0 0

116.00

50

55

60

65

70

75

RQ

85

ll
10
l

90

12

7

18
7

6 8 .0 0
69 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 3. 0 0
6 3 .0 0

1QC

4
3

10

33
9
24

14
41

2S
22

8 5 .0 0
94 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

8 5 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

123
55

67.00
6 2 .5 0

125

130

10
4

25
25
19

l
1
-

22

15

15
7

7

13

1
2
1
10
10
10

4
4
4

17
3

19
7

6 0 . 0 0 - 80 .0 0
5 3 . 0 0 - 6 8 .0 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------BOCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-----------------------RETAIL T R A D E --------------------------F INANCE 4-----------------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------------RETAIL T R A C E --------------------------F INANCE 4------------------------------------See footn otes at end of table,




38 .0
39 .0

84 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

211
55
114

3 9 .0
38.5
3 9. 0
38.5
38.5

6 6.00
8 0 .5 0
62 .0 0
62 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

408
140
268
53
91

38 .5
39.0
38.0
39 .5
3 7 .0

9 5 .0 0
109 .00

66

268
57

88.00
80 .0 0
83 .5 0

86.00
8 7 .0 0

66 . 50
79 .0 0
6 2.0 0
6 4 .0 0
57.50

1?

12

17

7

13

28

12
1C

22

1

6

12

9 5 .0 0
105 .50
8 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
83.00

75.50
89.00
70 .0 0
68.50
68.50

82 .5 0 104.00
92.50123.00
7 8 . 5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
7 5 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
6 9 . 5 0 - 8 9 .5 0

150

and

140

150

over

51
37
14

59
52
7

18
16

12
12

14
11

12

12
12

20
18

2
1

12

12

30
20
10

19
16
3

21

16

11

1)

8 0 .5 0 - 90.50
8 3 . 0 0 - 8 9.5 0

55.0072.5054.0058.0053.00-

i

-

12

5 9 . 5 0 - 8 1.0 0

111

140

7
4
3

8

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (B IL LI N G
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

$

11

7 1 . 5 0 - 9 6 .5 0
87.00-106.00
6 7 . 5 0 - 9 1 .0 0

6 7 .5 0
61 .0 0

120

OPERATORS,

CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------

130

35
20
15

8 4.00106.50
88.00111.50
8 3 . 0 0 - 101.00
8 1 . 5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

39 .0
40.0
38 .5

115

31
14
17

12

6

10

110

19
7

1 0 4 . 0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0
08.50-135.00

8 9.0 0
8 5 .5 0

105

19
16
3

129.50
131.00
133.00

91 .0 0
86.00

100.00 104 .50

95

7 8.50104.00
8 6.00112.50
7 5 . 5 0 - 9 0 .5 0

111.00

$

-

140.50
142.50
128.00

39.0
39.5

88

45

and
under

MEN

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------------

$

25
15

49

fl

20
14
16

10

31

41
17
21

19

20
4
16

1
2

14
7

31

30

30
12
18
4

16
3
13

11

33
13

39
13

24

1
1

1

21

2
1

34

82

24

72

10
10

10
1
2

26
19
7

23
15

13
11

2

16
3
13

15
13

2

4
3

1

2

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e

s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B a lt im o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1 964)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Sex, occupation, and industry div ision

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Nu mber of w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g str ai gh t-t im e w e e k ly earnings of—

1

i
(
40

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

45

50

55

1S
60

1S
65

$
70

1
l

1t

$
75

80

85

i
%
90

$
95

$

$
ICO

105

$
110

s

$
115

120

$
125

%

$
130

140

and
under

150
and

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

96

100

105

110

115

120

125

86
12

163
18
145
45
4V

115
16
99
3
41
25

96
78

76
17
59
18

215
25
l 90
14

17
13
4
3

16
13

8
2
6
2

6
6

1
1

22
20
2
2

5
5
-

3

68
18

24
36

153
18
135
4
28
55

2
2
2

5
5
5

14
14
13

21

5
4
4

10

19
19

10
10

2
2

8
7

2
2

92

109
14
95

56
5
51

50
18
41

28
ll
17

10
6

6
8
1

45
WOMEN -

1►

i
i

50

55

-

4
4
-

70
70
3
18
49

130

140

150

over

CONTINUED

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -------------------------------

1 ,057
199
85 8
77
171
244

38.5
3 9 .0
38.5
40.0
39 .5

$
74 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
71 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
65 .0 0
OJ. u

$
7 2. 5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 0. 0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

$
63.5070.5062.5075.5060.00:>&.

$
85 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
84.00
8 6 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
OV. J J

2

~4
r

8

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

111

38. 5
38 .5
38.0

82 .00
8 1 .5 0
68 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
6 7.0 0

6 6 .5 0 - 95.00

_

_

98
56

66 . 00 - 9 5 .5 0

-

-

63.00-

7 4 .5 0

clerks,

396
63
333
73
187

39.0
3 8 .0
3 9. 0
39.5
3 9 .0

61 .0 0
69 .0 0
59 .5 0
57 .5 0

5 9 .0 0
68 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

54.5062.0053.5050.5054.00-

6 7 .0 0
75 .0 0
6 4. 5 0
5 9 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE 4 ---------------------------------------

392
74
318
230

38 .0
39.5
37.5
37.5

57 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
54 .0 0

57 .0 0
6 4.5 0
5 5. 0 0
5 4 .0 0

5 2 . 0 0 - 6 2. 5 0
6 1 . 5 0 - 6 9 .0 0
5 1 . 5 0 - 6 0 .0 0
5 0 . 5 0 - 58 .0 0

_
-

47
47
47

122
6

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------------

232
69
163
138

3 9 .0
38. 5
39. 5
39. 5

69 .0 0
81 . 5 0
63 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

6 6 .5 0
8 5. 5 0
6 1.0 0
5 8. 5 0

55.5072.0053.0051.50-

7

22
-

25
5

7
7

22
22

20
20

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR ING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

380

8 1 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
78 .0 0
74 .0 0

7 9.5 0
80 .5 0
75.0 0
70.0 0

68 . SO­ 9 4 .5 0

_

_

7

TS . 5 0- 9 5 .5 0
6 5 . 0 0 - 9 4. 0 0
6 3 . 0 0 - 9 2 .5 0

-

-

-

169
84

39.0
3 9 .0
38. 5
3 9. 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------

278
69
209
150

38 .0
3 9 .0
37.5
3 7 .0

80 .0 0
95 .50
75 .00
71 .0 0

7 8 .0 0
95.00
75 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

1

8

-

-

-

-

-

6 6 . 5 0 - 84 .5 0
6 3 . 5 0 - 8 1 .5 0

1
1

8
8

14
14

4
4

15
IS

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

548
206
342
99
13 7

38 .5
39.5
3 8. 0
38.5

77 .0 0
80 .0 0
7 4.5 0
67 .0 0
7 3.0 0

69.0074.0066 . 00 63.0066 . 00 —

86 .00

-

-

-

92 .5 0
8 2.5 0
8 2. 0 0
79 .5 0

-

3 8 .5

7 8 .0 0
82 .50
75 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
72 .5 0

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TR AD E---------------FINANCE4---------------------

5 36
169
367
89
214

3 9 .0
39.5
3 9. 0
39.5
38.0

7 0 .5 0
80 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
63 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

6 7.5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 4.5 0
6 3 .0 0
63.0 0

6 0 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0
6 7 . 0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
5 7 . 5 0 - 7 1.0 0
5 4 . 5 0 - 7 2.0 0
5 7 . 0 0 - 68.00

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
— --- -------

77

39 .0

63 .0 0
61 • 50

6 3 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 8 . 0 0 - 67 .5 0
5 6 .5 0 — 65. 50

_

38. 5
97 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
39.5 103.50 104.00
38.5
9 4 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
39.5 116 .50 114.00
39 .5
97 .50
94 .5 0
39.5
88.00 9 1. 0 0
38 .0
85.00
8 5.5 0

86.00- 111.00

’

f i l e , c l a s s b ----------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING--------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------FINANCE4--- ---

SECRETARIES

----------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------------------

WHOLESALE TRADE------------retail TRACE----------------FINANCE4--------------------See footn otes at end o f tab le.




211

61
2 ,457
I,000
1,45 7
230
162
137
632

8 2 .0 0
93 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

68 . SO­ 8 9.5 0
TS. 00 - 1 1 2 . 0 0

9 2 . GO­
B I . 501 0 5 .0 0 85.5082.0075.50-

117.00
104.50
129.50
109.50
9 7 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

_

17

-

-

-

-

17
16

92

-

-

-

116
82

7
7
14

78
3
75

68

33

9

21
12
6

6

-

6
-

6
_

9
7

4

-

-

-

~

2

-

3
3

1
1

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

16

9

10

-

4

8
2

10

10
2
8

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

4
-

1

3
7

_

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

_

-

5
5

10
6

8
8

-

_
-

_
_

1

_
-

-

1

-

1

3

30
5
25
17

45
16
79
17

28
3
75
13

75
4
?o
1?

*

7

1

81
37
44
7
14

98
43

67
70
47
ll
19

37
17
25
l

51

32

16

21
ll

8
8

_

2

4

1

33

38

24

1

9
15

4
4

5
5

4

37

_

2

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

7
254
147
1C7
ll
7
15

162
75
87
17
15

175
95
80
52

175
126
49

2

_

_

20

2

_

21

2

9

7

10

3

3

15

41
3
38
38
87
27

11

62
45
17

60

94
14

2

12
33

8

1

12

55
7

^7

49
73
71
3

6R

80

13
48

14
57

4?
ll
31
9
17

16
16

23

18

7

l

_

17

43
23
-

130
78
107
17

1 44

16
-

57
4
49

178

166
34
132

32

20

o

-

-

-

-

7
13

5
16

44

6

_
-

1

69
57

64

_
-

4

74
9
15
9

ll

1

30
16
14
7

40
l?
28
17

10
10

~

-

8

39
15
24
l l

100

-

-

60
36
14

21
10
11
8

7

-

-

10

l

60
5
55
13
42

2
2

-

19
15
4
4

11
10

23
13

-

-

-

5
7
3
3

22
2
20
20

31

3
19
19

60
60
24
33

-

3

22

-

-

-

16

33
4
29
29

4

3
3

-

~

94
31
63
27

4

6
-

24

1
1

2
1
1

13

12

1

-

5
7?

9

24
13
5

16

6

10

13
9?

5

16

17
72

794
09

1 94

1o

31
73
96

4
4

p

6

36
16
1l

758
193
154

11

16
74
76

4

-

-

35

15

11

12

2
2

24
14

3
-

14
3

12

11

8

280
81
199
14
19
27
77

7
5

-

-

1

1

-

-

24
15
9
-

7
4
3
3

2
2

3
3

4
4

_

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

8

4
3

ll
ll

2

_

_

-

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

2
2

-

-

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

4
4
-

5
3

1
1

2

_

_

_

5
5

_

2

-

8
8

9

2

22
4

_
_

-

8
6
2
1

1
1

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

76
37
39
15
9

92
72

90
43
47
33
5

18
14
4
4

24
18

_
_

_

20
12
5

26

2
6
“

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a rea b asis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o re , M d., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry div ision

Num be:r of w o r k e r s

$
40

weekly
(standard]

%

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S
45

%

$
50

55

%
60

$

%
65

70

r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of—

$
75

*
80

*
85

$
90

$
95

$
ICO

110

$
115

$
120

%

$

$
125

130

140

an d
under

1 50
and

45

WOMEN -

$

S
105

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 00

1 C5

-

-

55
55
-

108
1
107

102
9

1 48
44
104

197
99

136

131
83
4R

94
56
38

41
78

ll
6
19

1l
24

13
12
1

50
20
30
21
8

42
17
25
18
7

44
34
10
2

23
20
3

110

1 15

120

1 75

13 0

1 40

72

36
4

6

2
-

2
-

1
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

1
_

_

_

_

-

-

-

150

over

CONTINUED

8 5.50
6 4 .5 0

8 1.00
7 1.00
97 .5 0
8 6.50
6 3 .5 0

$
$
6 6 .5 0 - 87 .0 0
7 3 .0 0 - 89 .5 0
6 1 .5 0 - 8 4.00
7 9 .0 0 - 108.50
7 7 .5 0 - 9 6.00
5 7 .5 0 - 7 1 .0 0

38.5
38 .0

9 0.00
96 .5 0
82.50
82.00

91 .0 0
9 6.00
8 6.00
8 3 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 - 9 8.50
8 9 .0 0 - 104.00
7 0 .5 0 - 92 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

-

39 .5

9 3.50

9 3.00

8 7 .0 0 - 102.00

-

39 .5
39.5
39. 5

6 8.50
84.00

40 .0
39.5

7 1.00
8 2.50
6 8 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

6 6.00
85 .0 0
60.50

3 8.0

68 .0 0

70.00

5 9 .5 0 - 8 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0 - 90 .0 0
5 8 .0 0 - 7 7 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 100.00
5 5 .0 0 - 64 .5 0
6 3 .0 0 - 74 .0 0

38.5
3 8.5

7 1.50
7 5.00

7 0.50
72 .0 0

6 2 .0 0 6 2 .5 0-

8 2.00
8 4.00

18
-

38.5
39.5

6 8.00
7 2.50

6 8 .5 0
71.50

6 1 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

7 9 .5 0
80 .0 0

18

150
125

3 8 .0
3 8.0

8 5 .5 0
8 2.50

85 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

7 7 .0 0 7 6 .0 0 -

90 .0 0
8 9.00

93
78

38.0
37.5

7 9 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 9.00
7 7 .0 0

7 2 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

8 7.00

_

NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

83 .5 0

“

TPANSCRieiNG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

262
63
199
1 53

39 .0
3 9 .0
3 9. C

7 0.50
8 1.00
66.50
6 4.50

6 3 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 6 2 .0 06 1 .0 0 -

8 0 .0 0
84 .5 0
7 6.50
7 0 .5 0

_

_

-

-

39.0

71 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
66 .0 0

“

TYP ISTS , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTURIN G --------------------------FINANCE 4-------------------------- ------------

562
324
238
1 01

39 .0
39.5
38.5
37.5

7 8.50
8 3 .5 0
7 1.50
6 7.50

7 6.50
8 0 .0 0
69 .0 0
68.00

6 8 .5 0 -

8 7.00
92 .5 0

-

-

7 4 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 6 1 .0 0 -

-

-

-

-

TY PIS TS, CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

l,4 C 9
412

38 .5
39.5

6 4 .0 0
7 2.00

6 2 .5 0
69 .0 0

5 5 .5 06 2 .5 0 -

8 4.50

-

99 7

38.5

6 1.00

59 .5 0

5 4 .0 0-

67 .5 0

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1 ----------------------2
3
WHOLESALE TR AD E ------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

1,223
467
75 6

3 9 .0
39.5
38.5

188
74
447

4 0 .0
3 9 .0
37 .5

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

323
1 73
150
67

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A5 -------

60

SWITCHBOARC OPERATORS, CLASS B5 ------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE 4---------------------------------------

332
59
2 73
61
89
62

SWITCHeOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTION ISTSMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------------

35 7
177
180
63

TABULATING-MAChlNE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

39 .0
3 9.5

$
77 .5 0
8 2.50
74.50
9 4.00

$
75 .0 0

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

7 7.50
7 5.00
7 1.50

39

39.5

70 .5 0

7 0.00

6 2 .5 0 -

57
lie
746

39.5
39.0
38.0

6 8 .0 0
6 4.00
58 .5 0

6 7.50

5 8 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 -

78 .5 0
77 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

5 3 .0 0 -

64.00

6 4.50
57.50

-

-

1
-

93
3
3
86

12
8
78

98
19
2
71

62
74
15
11
37

43
29

32

26
3

30
1

19
19
-

4

55

105
1
-

20
-

16
-

12

18

20

16
14

l
11
7

1?
6
5

34
70
14
12

46
14
37

-

1
1

15

67
"<4
33
8

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

5

7

14

19

10

4

6

2
-

15
-

25
-

44

52
4

41

21
-

76

70
13

14
-

14
-

2
-

15
-

25
-

12
14
12

8
5
3
-

14
13

14
14

9
9
-

3

19

-

-

8

38
9

5

13
5

79
o

5
5
-

5
-

3
3
-

1

-

-

_

7
33
70

1
5
4
-

_

-

_

-

-

-

_
~

_

-

9
9
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

2

3

-

1

-

-

4
-

_

_

_

_

_

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

6
5
1

11
11
-

_

_

_

_

_

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

“

“

“

5

21
5

27
14

5
5
in

37
2
35
10
4
71

40
24
16

4
4

61
38
23

51
9
4?

64
40
74

l 7
7
10

~

11

13

15

6

3
3

6
6

9
9

12
12

19

44
44

17
10

4

4

6

2
2

2

13

20
20

6

~

2

~

-

*

1
1

3
3

10

4
4

14
14

?0
19

15
12

9

2

2

2

1

1

8

8
7

1

10

3
-

1
1

2

-

-

-

46
35

9
5
4

4

7

1
3

7
-

18
18
18

-

_

2

-

2

?
42
-

_

48
2

41

39

8

13

60

11
30
1l

74
15
6

7
1
I

8
5

70
R

67
26

9?
59

11 4
70

38
78
10
3

47
41

78
74

7
-

16
-

7
7

16
15

6?
18

300

271

21
27 9
-

23 3

261

33
17

44
19

25 7
95

179
64

11 0
27

10 1
29

69

97

5

41

89

157
13

1 15

72
9

78

8
-

5
-

3
15
8

83
4
4
30

84

36

7
12
75

7
7
7
12

7
1

4

41
70

1
18
124

-

-

~

l 0

30
9

22

4
18
25
1 86

7

21
17

1
65

3
15

71
7

34
4

66

2
23

38

l?
29

30
28

25

3
3

~
-

8
3
3

3
1

3

_
-

~
_

-

1

7
-

21
20

6

~

1

2

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

!
!

_
-

1

11

6
3

1

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3

1

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

-

-

~
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

l

1 Standard hours r e f le c t the wo rk w ee k f o r which em pl o ye e s re c e i v e their reg u la r s tra igh t- ti m e s al ari es and the earnings c orr es po n d to these we e kl y hours.
2 The mean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing by the number of w o rk e r s . The median designates position— half of the em plo yee s surveyed re c e i v e mo re
than the rate shown; half r e c e i v e less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lo w e r of these rates and a fourth earn m or e than
the higher rate.
T Transportation, communication, and other public utilitie s.
4 Finance, insurance, and r ea l estate.
5 Desc rip tion fo r this occupation has been r e v i s e d since the last surv ey in this area. See appendix A.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e

s tr a ig h t- tim e

w e e k ly

by

h ou rs

in d u s tr y

and

e a r n in g s

d i v i s io n ,

fo r

B a ltim o r e ,

s e le c t e d
M d .,

W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

of

d iv is io n

workers

$
55

M ean23

Median 2

Middle range2

on

an

a rea

b a s is

$
60

*
65

$
70

t
75

H

$

*
80

85

90

%
95

t
100

$
ins

$

110

120

%

$
130

140

t

f
150

160

70

4 0 .0
40.0

$
160.0 0
163.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NGNMANUF ACTUR I N G ---------------------------

598
461
137

40 .0
40.0
40.0

133.50
136 .00
125.00

132.00
134.00
123 .50

1 2 2 .5 0 - 1 4 6 . 5 0
1 2 6 . 0 0 - 1 5 0 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 3 5 .0 0

_
-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNM ANUFACTURING---------------------------

306
2 04

4 0 . 0 106.5 0
4 0 . 0 105.00
40. C 109.0 0

106.50
104.50
114.00

94.50-119.00
94.00-117.00
96.50-121.50

-

DR AFTSMFN-TRACERS3 -------------------------------

81

4 0 .0

T 8. 00

7 8.0 0

7 1 . 0 0 - 8 7 .0 0

3

11

3

136
109

39. 5
39 .5

10T.00
109 .00

107.50
1 1 0 .0 0

97.00-117.50
99.00-119.00

_

_

_

fo r

w h ic h

75

R0

85

90

95

1 00

105

110

12 0

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

-

4
4

38
13

69
45

76
53

34
27

33
32

82
61

10
10

-

-

_
-

-

10

1

11

2

10

1

11

2

75
2°

80

66

32
30

70
65
5

23
18
5

_
_

2

1
1

14

-

5

-

-

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

28
23
5

142
93
49

127
105

61
34
27

8
4
4

13
13

10
10

33

33

25

27

38

17
~

24

25

19

20

20

9

q

6

7

18

a

8

4

7

16
11

15
12

15
12

17
14

20

22

3

17

12
4

18

10

13

2

4

_

1

1

-

22
11

42
26
16

16

3

-

13
q
4

-

WOMEN

1

S ta n d a r d
F o r

3

D e s c r ip tio n

h ou rs

d e fin itio n
fo r




r e fle c t
of

th e

te rm s ,

t h is

w o rk w eek
see

fo o tn o te

o c c u p a t io n

has

2,

been

t a b le

e m p lo y e e s

r e c e iv e

th e ir

r e g u la r

s tr a ig h t- tim e

s a la r ie s

A - l.

r e v is e d

s in c e

th e

la s t

su rvey

in

th is

190

115

$
$
$
157.00 1 4 4 . 5 0 - 1 8 0 .5 0
162.50 1 4 9 . 5 0 - 1 8 1 .0 0

2

180

1
1

65

347
246

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

i

$
170

and

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 3----------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

102

$

$
115

and
under
60

MEN

s tu d ie d

1964)

Number of w orkers receiving straight -tim e weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

o c c u p a t io n s

N o vem b er

a rea .

S ee

a p p e n d ix

A .

and

th e

6

e a r n in g s

corresp on d

17
13

to

th e s e

w e e k ly

17

h ou rs.

~

~

~

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly hours and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d occu p a tion s stu d ied on an a r e a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Average

Average

O ccu pation and in d u stry d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

89
61

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------

3 9 .0
39 .5

3 9 .0

BCCKKEEPING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------BCCKKEEP ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRACE ----------------------F INANCE 2 --------------------------------

3 8 .0
3 9.0

$
69 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

6 9 .5 0

84 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

268
57

3 9 .0
38.5

6 6 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

211

39. 0

6 2 .0 0

55
114

3 8 .5

6 2 .0 0
6 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------F INANCE 2 --------------------------------

708
333

3 9 .0

375
54

3 8 .5

116

39.5
3 7.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---MANUFACTURING -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRACE ----------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------FINANCE 2 --------------------------------

1 ,2 4 7

38.5

293
954

3 9 .5
3 8.5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A --------------NCNMANUF ACTURIN G ------------------FINANCE 2 --------------------------------

1C
4

171
257
115

39.5

8 7 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
83 .5 0
73 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBL IC UT IL I T I E S 3----------------------FINANCE 2 --------------------------------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------F INANCE 2 ---------------------------------------

39. 0

3 9 .0
38.5

340

39. 0

73
1 91

39.5
3 9 .0

430
345

3 8 .0
37 .5

253

37.5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0

81 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 1 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 4 .0 0
57 .5 0

281
72
20 9
150
553

?U
342
99
137

38 .0
3 9 .0
37.5
3 7 .0

$
8 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 .5 0

76

3 9 .0

8 2 .5 0

256
1C9

39.5

81 .5 0

147

40. 0
39.5

1 0 8 . 00
6 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

510

3 9 .0

336

39 .5

9 9 .5 0

1 74
84

39. C

79 .0 0

39. 0

7 4 .0 0

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

TAeULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

3 8 .5
3 9.5

78 .0 0
82 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8.5

7 5.00
72 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

57 6
169

3 9 .0
39 .5

8 0 .5 0

407

3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0

39.5

214

38. 0

107

3 8.5

115.00

71

3 9 .0

118.50

402

3 8.5

9 1 .0 0

119

39.5

1 0 1 .0 0

2 83
134

28. 0
38.0

87 .0 0

297

39 .0
39 .5

63 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

39. 5
37.5

6 1 .5 0

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------F INANCE 2 ---------------------------------------

2,4 7 3

38 .5
3 9 .5

9 8 .0 0
103.50

38 .5
39.5
3 9 .5

94 .0 0
116.50
9 7 .5 0

137

39.5
3 8 .0

8 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBL IC UT IL I T I F S 3 ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------F INANCE 2 ----------------------------------------

1 ,242
468

39 .0
3 9.5
3 8.5
4 0 .0

78 .0 0
83 .0 0
75 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

8 5.50

216

38.5

82 .5 0

70

4 0 .0

9 5 .0 0

14 6
82

3 8 .0
37 .5

71.00

8 8 .0 0

632

TAEULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------F INANCE 2 ----------------------------------------

6 2 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS ANC GIRLS------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------F INANCE 2 ---------------------------------------

T ABUL AT ING-M ACHIN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------F INANCE 2 ----------------------------------------

89

100
197
89

1,009
1,4 6 4
234
1 62

5 7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------F INANCE 2 ---------------------------------------SWITCHEOARC OPERATORS,

CLASS A 4------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS R 4-----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S 3 ----------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------FINANCE 2 --------------------------------------SW ITCH80ARC OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURIN G -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------------------

7 74

198

80
447

3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
39.5

15 1

3 8 .5

8 2 . 5C

68

3 8 .0

8 1 .5 0

6C

39 .5

93 .5 0

39 .5
39.5

7 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

39. 5

68 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------F INANCE 2 ---------------------------------------T YP IS T S , CLASS B --------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------F INANCE 2 ----------------------------------------

7 6.50

262

39. 0

63
199

3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
69 .0 0

153

39.0
39 .0

66.00

626

3 9 .0

81 .0 0

329

39.5

83 .5 0

29 8
13 9

3 8 .5
39. 0

78.00
86 .5 0

101

3 7.5

67 .5 0

1,4 1 6

71 .5 0

38.5
39.5

6 4 .5 0
7 2.00

3 8.5
39. 5
39 .5

6 1 .0 0
70 .5 0

68.00

746

39. 0
38. 0

6 4.00
5 8 . 50

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS A4----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

348
247

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

160.00
163.50

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4 ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

599
46 2

40.0
40 .0

136.00

13 7

40. 0

1 25.00

416

1,000
39
57

no

64 .5 0
90 .0 0
9 6 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE 2----------------------------------------

324
173

332
59
2 73

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

61

4 0.0

8 6 . 00

89

39 .5

6 0 .0 0

3 8. 0

6 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C4 ----------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ----------------------

7 2 .0 0

133.50

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS 4-------------------------

62
36 0

38 .5

177

38.5
3 8 .5

63

39.5

6 8 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

309

4 0 .0

205

4 0 .0

106.50
105.00

1C4

40. C

109.50

15 9

39. 5

110.00

132

4 0 .0

2 .5 0

75 .0 0

1 83

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

Standard hours re fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees re c e iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings correspond to these w eekly hours.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public u tilities.
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




-

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

7 1 .0 0

6 9 .5 0
63 .5 0

5 7 .0 0
5 5 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------RETAIL T R A C E ------------------------------

6 4 .0 0

38.0

33?

9 5 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

38 .5

57

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C --------------NONMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------F INANCE 2 --------------------------------

106.00
118.50

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

3 9 .0

407
67

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G ------------------RETAIL T R A C E -----------------------

3 8 .5

10?

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------------MANUF ACTUR I N G -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRACE ---------------------FINANCE 2 --------------------------------

CLERKS, ORCER -----------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------NCNMANUF A CT U R IN G ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------

O ccu p ation and in d u stry d iv is io n

10
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o re , M d., N o v e m b e r 1964)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings 1

Occupation and industry division

Num ber
of
workers

M ean 2

M edian 2

ler
M iddle range 2

$
1.80

$
1.90

t

$

%

t

$

%

$

i

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

%

%

$

2 .00 2 . 10 2 . 2 0 2 .3 0 2 . 40 2 . 5 0 2. 60 2 , 70 2 . RH 2. 9 0 3 .0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 . 5 0 3 .6 0 3 . 8 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 2 0
.

and

and

2 .0 0 2 . 1 0 2 . 20 2 .3 0 2 . 4 0 2 . 50 2 . 60 2. 70 2 . 8 0 2 . 90 3.00 3 .1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0 3 . 4 0 3 .5 0 3 . 6 0 3 .8 0

$
2.692.762.532.7 1 -

$
3.31
3.44
3.09
3.14

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

4
4
~

12

2

693
620
73
31

3 .1 1
3.13
2 .9 0
2 .9 8

3 .1 5
3. 1 7

3.37
3 .4 0
3.17
3.33

~

-

-

-

-

2 .8 5

2.832.882.682.75-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------------

451
376
75

3.05
3.08
2 .8 7

3.1 1
3 .1 4
2 .6 9

2 . 7 6 - 3.41
2 . 9 0 - 3.40
2 . 5 3 - 3.61

3
3

-

FIREMEN* STATIONARY B O I L E R ----------MANUFACTURING-----------------------------

166
146

2.77
2.83

2.81
2 .8 7

2 . 4 8 - 3.25
2 . 7 1 - 3 .2 7

1

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES --------MANUFACTURING----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3--------------------

775
653
90

2 .5 7
2. 5 9
2.4 8
2.5 3

2. 5 8
2.5 8
2 .5 6
2 .5 7

2 . 4 4 - 2.7 8
2 .4 5 - 2.87
2 . 4 1 - 2.71
2 . 4 7 - 2.7 3

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS. TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

126
126

3.2 2
3.22

3.3 1
3.31

3 . 0 2 - 3.3 7
3 . 0 2 - 3.37

1,10 1

3 .2 7
3 .2 8

2 .8 6
2 .8 6

3.123.1 4 2.812.81-

3 .6 4
3.66
2.97
2.9 6

“

“

~
_
“

441
320

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3-------

121

122

2.88

-

-

?
-

4
4
-

1

10

1

-

7
3
~

-

4

1

10
4

-

12

1
~

-

3
3

7
7

17
13

_

l

9
9

3
~

7
5

13
5

2
1

8
2

42
39
3
3

23
18
5
4

9
5
4
4

20
20

3

1

1

53

21
32
4
42
37
5

-

35
28
7

6
61
50

11
2

_
-

-

3 .0 0
3.02
3.0 0
3.03

2. 9 9
3. 1 4
2 .9 8
2 .9 8

2 . 9 2 - 3.15
2 . 8 3 - 3 .2 9
2 . 9 2 - 3 .1 2
2 . 9 4 - 3.1 0

_
~

_

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE MANUFACTURING-----------NCNMANUFACTURING -------

1,531
1, 38 8
143

3.2 0
3 .1 9
3.32

3 .2 8
3.2 7
3.5 1

3 . 0 1 - 3.48
3 .0 1 - 3.46
3 . 2 4 - 3.5 7

-

-

MILLWRIGHTS --------------------MANUFACTUR I N G ------------

135
135

3.30
3.3 0

3 .2 8
3.2 8

411
407

2. 8 0
2. 8 0

2 .8 4
2 .8 4

2 . 6 2 - 3.03
2 .6 3 - 3.03

-

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING —

2 Cl
129
72

2.81
2.9 6
2.53

2 .8 4
2 .9 2
2. 5 6

2 . 5 7 - 3.1 6
2 . 7 0 - 3.25
2 . 2 3 - 2.91

6

PIPEFIT TER S, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING --------------

520
478

3.13
3.13

3. 1 6
3 .1 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----

142
134

3 .1 9
3. 2 0

TCCL ANC DIE MAKERS------MANUFACTURING------------

361
352

3.41
3.42

_
-

-

_

-

“

“

-

-

_
-

7
7
-

_
-

-

-

-

_
-

5
4

4
4
-

49
44
5

58
48

8
1

76
71
5
-

10
10

61
61
-

56
56
-

30
30
-

2

16
9
7

50
45
5

32
32
-

34
34
-

65
65
-

3
3

43
24
19

-

7
46
43
3

44
35
9

113
1C5

2

2

1

5
4
l

19
18

69
67

1

19

2
1

6

_

_

15

8

_

29
29

17
17

4
4

4
4

7
7

22
22

30
30

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

50
50
-

22

67
5?
15
13

200

113
94
19
4

46
14
32
32

28
28

104
104

29
29

18
18

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1

_
-

_
_

_
-

11
11

9
9

9
9

7
7

14
14

48
48

6
6

1
1

10
10

1
1

-

_

60
?9
31
3)

78
70

32
30

2
2

141
138
3
3

223
223
-

78
70

8

95
95
-

15
15
-

70
70
-

78
78
-

76
76
-

71
71
-

97
18
79
67

154
34

62
17
45
-

21

11
11
-

5
5
-

4
4
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 04
204
-

75
73

217
205

63

89
13

67
67
-

_
-

12

180
180
-

174

2

156
126
30

10
10

7
7

57
57

11
11

38
38

1
1

8
8

_

_

-

15
7
“

-

~

2
2

2

-

~

_

4
A

173
27
27

6
6

8

~

~

71
57
14
14

2

-

~
_
-

13
4
9

10
10
-

27
17

_
_

67
67
3

14

259

12
2
2

258
249

113
113

54
46
9

36
29
7

2
2

-

10
l

-

4
4
“

23

108

22
1

102
6

3
3

5

1

18

18
“

120
112

8
8

18
3
-

111

102

6

-

-

6

2 . 9 1 - 3.3 6
2 . 9 1 - 3 .3 7

-

-

3.1 6
3 .1 7

2.912.91-

3.3 6
3.3 8

-

3.4 3
3 .4 4

3 . 3 0 - 3.55
3 . 3 1 - 3 .5 6

-

4
4

4
4

19
19

1
1

12
12

21
21

33
29

38
38

31
31

115
1 15

17
17

53
53

30
30

31
31

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

3
3

1

11

20

30

14

16
4

4
4

18
18

-

_
_

9

2
2

1

9

1

9
9
“

18

3

5
4

8

17
16
l

20
11

1

4
4

22

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

79
78

17
9

59
59

52
47

40
36

74
70

66

-

27
24

-

-

17
16

15
15

19
19

6
6

23
16

-

-

4
3

13

15
13

6

-

~

“

-

_

-

“

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

l

1

“

l

-

1

“

_

8

-

3
3

“

-

_

21

11

11

1
_

_
-

_

_

-

-

-

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




-

_
-

49
49
“

10
22

3

3 . 2 2 - 3 .4 4
3 .2 2 - 3.44

MANUFACTURING -----------------

41
37
4

3

5
5
-

32

21
11
1

1

748
155
593
434

66

46
83
13
13

.
-

38
38
-

32

6

l

63

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3—

1,035

43
38

10
10

3 .4 0
3.43
2 .9 0
2.8 9

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTUR I N G -----------NCNMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC UTIL I T I E S 3—

14
14
-

31
15
16

10

32
24

57
39
18
17

over

PM

$
2 .9 8
3 .0 6
2.7 1
2.79

2
-

49

$
3 .0 0
3.1 0
2 .7 5
2 .8 9

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING -----------NCNMANUFACTURING ------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3—

o

1.90

O
o

0 under

_

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

7

1

-

-

-

26
26

28
28

_

_

_

49

51
51

-

21
21

9
9

2
2

1
1

11
11

12
12

5
5

-

54
50

64
64

83
83

68
68

50
50

2
2

5
5

-

_
_

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o re , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Nu mber of w o r k e r s r ec e iv i n g s tr a ig h t-t im e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings

$

$

$
1.1 0

$
1.20

%

$
1 .40

$
1. 50

$
1 .6 0

t

%

1 .3 0

1 .7 0

1.80

$
2 . 00

$
2.2 0

$
2 .4 0

S
2.6 0

$
2 .8 0

$
3 .00

S
3.2 0

(
3.40

3 .60

$
3 .8 0

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

1.20

1.30

1.40

1.5 0

1. 60

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

2.00

2.20

2.4 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .20

3.4 0

3.6 0

3.80

ov e r

$
1.42
1.4 2

$
1.26
1.26

1.21
1 .21

1.2 0
1.20

1.25

742
815

62
60

ELEVATCR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING--------------------------RETAIL T R A D E ------------------------------

91
91
57

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN--------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING-------------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------WHOLESALE T R A O E ------------------------RETAIL T R A C E -----------------------------FINANCE 5 ---------------------------------------

1 .1 2 -

1.35

1.2 0

1.35
1 .29

1.95
2.3 4
1.59

2 .02
2 .5 4

1 .2 7 2 .1 0 -

2 .5 9
2 .7 9

1 .2 9

1 .2 5 -

546

2 .5 6

2 .7 0

2 .3 3 -

2 .8 4

196

1.73

1.5 8

1 .2 5 -

3,4 9 9
1 ,527

1.42
2 .1 9
1 .27
1.9 4

1 .2 5 -

1 ,9 7 2
2C6

1.69
2 .0 8
1.39
2 .02

53
504

1 .7 9
1.3 6

281

1.31

—

7
7

2 .0 4

1,557

28
26

2

-

-

—

3

1

2

~

~

3

1

3
3

10
10

2
2
2

6
6
6

1
1

-

78
55
23

18 1

135

2
2

_

_

109
26

68
68

_

166
15

-

-

-

~

~

45

164

100

68

2

1.00

1.1 0

-

8
8

7

—

-

7

~

-

8
8

2
2

_

_

-

-

30
30
30

an d

64
11
53

33
3
30

40
15
25

18
12
6

1
5

77
37
40

199
86
113

121
85
36

10

-

12

11

1

20

56

57

-

_

_

3

-

-

-

?
-

~

~

~

3

2

530
92
438

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

2 .2 0

-

-

-

-

2.1 8

_

Ill

2 .4 2
1 .40
2.3 1

-

12
-

_

1 .7 0 1 .2 2 1 .8 4 -

8
8
-

12
-

-

Ill

1.83
1.2 6
1.2 9

1 .5 4 1 .1 4 1 .2 4 -

2 .0 5
1.43
1.3 8

-

~

-

-

~

1.54
1.91

1.49
1.7 9

1.3 8

1 .2 5 1 .5 3 1 .2 1 -

1.68
2 .2 6
1.56

1.2 0

169

1 .3 0

1.2 7

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ----------------------WHOLESALE T RA D E ------------------------RETAIL TR A D E ------------------------------

4,217
2 ,834
1,383
514
222
630

2 .3 9

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING--------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ------------------------RETAIL TRACE ------------------------------PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------WHOLESALE T R A D E -------------------------

_

-

-

4

3

3

1

-

17

30

28

10

2

9

-

-

-

-

-

63

12 1
85

212

286

15

_

_

_

_

1079
2

154
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

64
-

15
-

7
88
138

259
27
6
5
4

197
159
38

64

74
1 38
1 08
14

163
155

119

3 92
337
55
29
6
20

-

15

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1 22
5

18
18

14
14

_

_

_

_

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

642

633

1049

304
338
232
85

508
125
50
8
67

740
309
214

20
20
-

59
59
-

12
12
-

10
10
-

25
25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

119

~

59

8

1

7

-

-

-

-

R

1

7

-

-

-

-

59
44
15

11 7
6

-

28
35
1

1 02
34
68
17

1
75
72

3
51
30

6
6
10

4
36
6

3
4
5

1
2

53
25
28
2
25

20
10
10

94
9

51

31
27

14
7

21
21

29

4

7

-

8

89
60

197
84
113

463
422
41

360
333
27

31

5
36

1.2 0
1.35

2 .1 1 2 .1 7 1 .7 2 2 .4 6 1 .6 7 -

2.8 2
2 .8 2
2 .7 7
2.9 4
2 .4 9

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

72
11
61

2.68
2 .1 7
1 .92

2 .51
2 .58
2 .43
2.72
2 .4 2
1.7 6

-

-

-

-

-

1 .6 2 -

2 .28

~

14

7
37

11
18

1,386
30 4
1 ,082
416
655

2.32
2 .2 0
2.3 5

2.4 4
1.99
2 .4 6

1 .8 8 1 .5 6 1 .9 7 -

2.7 7
2 .7 7
2 .7 7

-

-

_

-

_

-

34
26

17
14

2.21
2 .45

2.41
2.73

1 .9 0 2 .0 6 -

2 .4 8
2.82

8
8

3
-

~

2

455

2 .11
1.8 5

2 .3 4

1 .4 9 1 .3 6 2 .0 4 -

2.65
2 .3 6
2.8 4

21
16
5

77

221
23 4
17 1

2.35
2 .5 9

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING---------------------------

137
55
82

2.01
1.7 6

RECEIVING C L E R K S -------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

23 1

2 .5 0

1 .86

97

2 .6 0

13 4

2.4 3
2 .5 4

77

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

“

-

-

-

2
-

100

1.73
2 .4 8
2 .81

2 .4 5 -

2 .8 6

-

-

~

1 .2 8 1 .2 4 -

2 .0 9
3 .2 3

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
-

38
32

5

6

29

61
16

~

1.73
1.29

?

1.7 8

1 .3 8 -

2 .0 7

-

-

“

2 .5 3
2 .5 0
2.5 4

2 .0 9 -

2 .9 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .4 1 -

3 .0 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .0 3 2 .0 8 -

2.91
2 .9 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 .8 4

~

1
9

85

12
39

36
11

21

8
3
4

23

-

-

4
12

5

3

92
31
61

142
10 1

147
31
116

lO l
83

17

12
20

12

1
1 07

82

43
3

120
57

40

77

44
58
13
45
22
21
16
16

41

68
36

1 04
87
13
74
26

1 08

18
-

33
62

9

21

91
12
79
10
69

185
3
182
17 0
12

319
67

205
12

51
37

252
53
199

19 3

-

14
9

-

193

5

32
12
18

48

12
24

29
47

93
10
83
65
17

22

3

40

1
2

43

17
8

22
20

98
27

11
11

97

21
1

13
4

6

0

9

2

71

-

3

8

-

57

-

95
95

1
1

28

3

~

-

5

13
-

3
-

4
-

3
-

10
-

13

3

4

3

10

-

5
-

17
-

-

12

10
7

2
-

-

2
-

2

-

2

5

l

2

2

"

-

1 78
94
84

18

-

-

1

84

-

-

218
64

1 .1 3 1 .2 3 -

-

“

92

-

2.47
2.2 4

6

5
5

1238
159

-

-

3

3

-

119
-

-

-

_

15
15

-

-

_

15
15
15

-

1.29
1 .17

%

under

-

545
169
37 6
57




$
1.78
1.7 9

1 .1 2 1 .1 5 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRACE -----------------------------FINANCE 5 ---------------------------------------

See footn otes at end of table,

$
1 .1 5 1 .0 5 -

.90

.70
an d

.70

ELEVATCR OPERATORS, PASSENGER -------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------------

.9 0

-

$

.8 0

~

TTnHo-r

S
1.00

.80

Occup atio n 1 and industry div ision

$

"

-

6
3

28
10

_

7

-

3

7

32

15

53

17

5

31

15
14

10
5

22
4

2

-

-

_

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

4
4

3
3

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

18

_

_

_

18

-

-

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

32
27

3

-

_

_

10

41
6

I

-

14
2

35
35

5

2
2

-

-

-

3

~

“

“

24

-

-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in du stry d iv is io n , B a ltim o r e , M d., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Nu mber of w o r k e r s re c e iv i n g s tr a ig h t-t im e hourly earnings of—

H ourly earnings 2

$

N um ber

Oc cu p at io n 1 and industry divis ion

of

.70

1

workers

M e an 3

M e d ian 3

M iddle ran ge3

S
.70

$

.80

*

.90

*

$

$

$

1.1 0

1.20

.90

1.00

1 .1 0

1.2 0

1.30 1.40

$
2 .6 3
2 .7 9
2 .4 0
2 .3 5

$
2 .5 3
2 .7 7
2 .3 5
2.27

$
2.252.322. 212.09-

2.4 8
2. 8 2
2 .2 8

2 . 1 6 - 2.90
2 . 1 9 - 2.86
2 . 0 9 - 2 .9 9

-

110

2 .5 2
2 .5 5
2.50

TRUCKCRIVERS 6 ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 ---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL T R A C E ------------------------------

2, 8 2 0
876
1,94 4
890
746
255

2 .7 0
2 .6 0
2.75
3.0 0
2 .6 4
2.42

2.81
2 .7 4
3. 1 0
3 .1 3
2.60
2. 5 6

2.512 .3 9 2.543 .1 0 2.501.9 5 -

_

_

_

_

1

_

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7

TRUCKCRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NCNMANUF ACTUR I N G -------------------------

284
171
113

2 .3 5

2.68

2 .7 3
2 .8 3
1.8 5

1 . 8 3 - 2 .8 5
2 . 7 5 - 2.87
1 . 4 0 - 2.0 7

246
141
105
72

SHIPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

173
63

1.8 4

1.30

$

$

$

1 .4 0 1 . 5 0 1 . 6 0

1.7 0

1 .5 0

1.8 0

1 .6 0 1 . 7 0

$
3.03
3 .1 9
2.6 2
2 .5 8

3 .1 3
2.8 6
3.1 5
3 .1 7
3.14
3 .0 5

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

~

~

~

~

~

~

32
5
27

30
30

_

1

7

2)

17

31
5
26

4
4

_

_

_

_

1

_

2

~

~

-

-

-

-

—

~

1

~

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

-

85
!2
73
63
4

^6
34

1,091
178
913
378
421
IC9

2.95
2. 6 4
3.01
3.11
2.93
2.9 3

3. 1 2

3.012.363.093.132.933.01-

3 .1 6
3.02
3 .1 7
3.18
3 .1 6
3 .0 8

24

3 .1 3
3. 1 5
3. 13
3 .0 5

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
OTHER THAN TRAILER T Y P E ) ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

315
163
152

2.7 5
2.7 9
2 .7 0

2 .7 9
2. 7 7
3.1 1

2 . 7 2 - 3.13
2 . 7 3 - 3.01
2 . 5 5 - 3 .1 5

30

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ------------MANUFACTURING--------------; ---------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------

1,71 7
1,5 78
139
83

2.72
2.7 3
2 .6 5
2.8 2

2.81
2.8 1
2.82
2.8 5

2 . 6 0 - 2.98
2 . 6 1 - 3.00
2 .4 8 - 2.87
2 . 8 2 - 2 .8 8

372
310
62

2.8 4
2.9 2
2 .4 4

2 .7 2
2 .9 0
2 .5 4

2 . 5 2 - 3.2 3
2 . 5 1 - 3.25
2 . 5 2 - 2.5 7

-

21

18

24
18

43
41

28
18

t a

6

2

in

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

5

1

Data li m it e d to men w o r k e r s except w he re ot her wi se indicated.
Excludes p r em iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on weekends, holidays,
F o r definition of t e r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transp ort atio n, communication, and other public utilities.
Fina nce, insurance, and r ea l estate.
Includes all d r i v e r s r e g a r d le s s of size and type of truck operated.

28
3
25

A

26

-

1
13

9
3

1

21

8
-

5

26

-

32
31

1

8

l

-

5

21

1

-

6

-

11

49

5

_

11

16
4

5

-

402
272
130
98
29

88

in
ll

5

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER T Y P E ) ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------WHOLESALE TRADE -----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------

-

428
89
339
92
193
53

1

-

2 . 1 9 - 3.11
1 .9 7 - 2.72
2 . 3 4 - 3 .1 4
3 . 1 2 - 3 .1 7
2 . 3 0 - 2 .5 6
2 . 0 6 - 2.5 5

150

39
73

62
27
35
28

62
13
37

13
l

112

60

21

9
l

-

-

41

6

2

-

-

73
28
45

75
24
51
6

4
1

11

56
37
19

11
20

6
6

10

6?

5

9

33
3
30

11
31

11

14

23
7
16
4

27
13
14

in

29
18

12

2 .5 4
2 .4 3
2 .5 7
3.1 5
2 .5 2
2 .2 9




8
6

■
?

2.5 0
2.32
2.59
3.0 8
2.3 4
2.1 5

1
2
3
4
5
6

2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00

3. 20

3.40

3.60 3.80

00 i 2 . 2 0 2 .4 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 8 0 3 . 0 0 3 . 2 0 3.4 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 8 0

7
7

861
294
567
239
2 C8
96

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKL I F T )
MANUFACTURING-------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

.

-

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) ----------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4---------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE -----------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------

2 .6 8

1.8 0

and
under
.80

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------RETAIL T R A D E ---------------------

*

1.0 0

25
19

37

6

8

38
18

20

5

1

8
6
6

33
28
5
5

115
108
7

9
9

1
1

13
13

9
9

-

-

-

-

_

24

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

24

160 1246
128
142
32 1104
14
672
14
325
107
~
7
7
“

242
69
173
3
124
46

84
82

4

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

~

~

234

73
15
58

67
38
29

21

51
7

27

1?

832
52
780
378
307
95

112
110

10
224
224

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

~

16
16
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
4
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

~

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

“

“

84
84

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

~

4
4

6
6

18

-

131
31

-

2

2

100

12
12

18

-

189
154
35

404
401
3
3

485
409
76
76

305
294

100
100

11
1

53
53

34
34

24
24

_

30

10
6
l

14
8
6

~

17
17

77
77

44
43

59
58

-

1
1

1
1

6
6

57
57

“

6

4

and late shifts.

“

_

56
56

2

-

16

“

~

4

-

72
16

1

5
16

~

2

-

_

8
3

24

-

-

~

-

over

~

-

2
2
“

32
32

13

B. Establishm ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
( D i s t r i b u t i o n o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu die d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s and in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y f o r s e l e c t e d c a t e g o r i e s
o f i n e x p e r i e n c e d w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s , B a l t i m o r e , Md. , N o v e m b e r 1964)

In experienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1
2

A ll
in du stries

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers 2

Nonmanufacturing

M anufacturing

Based on standard w eekly hours 3 of—
A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

A ll
in du stries

37V2

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly hours 3 of40

A ll
schedules

40

37Vz

Establishm ents studied--------------------- ----------- ---------------

215

77

XXX

138

XXX

XXX

215

77

XXX

138

XXX

XXX

Establishm ents having a s p e cified m inim u m --------------------

94

37

31

57

11

32

107

38

33

69

15

40

_
2
3
20
8
14
6
8
6
6
3
4
3

_

_
-

_
1

_
-

4
2
3
4
4
5
3
1
2
1

4
1
3
3
3
4
3

_
3
3

_

-

_
2
3
16
6
11
2
4
1
3
2
2
2

1
6
4
21
7
8
2
5
2
4
3
2
1

1
2
2
4
1
2
1
1

_
3
_
14
4
4
1
2
2
3
2
1
1

_
-

-

-

3
3
2
2
1

2
2
2
2
-

2
2
2
2
-

Establishm ents having no sp e c ifie d m in im u m ------------------

42

17

XXX

25

XXX

Establishm ents which did not em p loy w ork ers
in this c a te g o ry ------- ------ ------------------- ------------------------

79

23

XXX

56

XXX

$ 42. 50
$45.00
$ 47. 50
$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 55. 00
$ 57.50
$ 60. 00
$ 62. 50
$ 65. 00
$ 67. 50
$ 70.00
$ 72. 50
$ 75. 00
$ 77. 50
$ 80. 00
$ 82. 50
$ 85. 00
$ 87.50
$ 90. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under

$ 45. 00__________ ____ __ _ __ ------$ 47. 50------------ ---------------- ----- —
$ 50. 00-------------------------------------------$ 52. 50---------------------- ----- -----------$ 55. 00__________________________________
$ 57. 50-................................................ .
$ 60. 00__________________________________
$ 62. 50------------------------------------- -------$ 65. 00-----------------------------------------------$ 67. 50__________________________________
$ 70. 00----------------------- ----------------------$ 72. 50----------------------------------------------------------- —
$ 75. 00------------------------------------- ------------------------$ 77. 50-------------------------------------- ------------------------$ 80. 00------------------ ---------- — —
—
—
$ 82. 50------------------ ---------- — ------------------------$ 85. 00---------------------- ------- ---------------- ------------$ S'7. 50-------- ------------------------------- —
$ 90. 00——--------- --------------- ------------$ 92. 50-------------------------------------------

-

-

1
1
-

-

1

-

-

-

1
2
2
1
2

-

-

1
6
4
27
8
15
4
8
9
8
3
2
1
1

1

1

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

2
2
4
1
1

1
1
4
1
-

1
1
4
1
"

1
1

_

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

XXX

54

21

XXX

33

XXX

XXX

XXX

54

18

XXX

36

XXX

XXX

-

4
-

-

-

10
4
4
2

1
1

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

-

6
1
7
2
3
7
4

6
1
6
1
2
5
4

-

_

-

-

1 T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m s t a r t i n g ( h i r i n g ) r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s that a r e pa id f o r st a n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .
2 E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in , u b c l e r i c a l j o b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
s
3 Data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n da r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .




NOTE:

E s t i m a t e s f o r a l l i n d u s t r i e s and pub lic u t i l i t i e s in clu d e data f o r r a i l r o a d s (SI C 40) in the e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s s e c t i o n f o r the f i r s t t i m e this y e a r . Th e e f f e c t
o f the i n c lu s io n o f r a i l r o a d s is g r e a t e s t on the data shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r the public u t i l i t i e s d i v is i o n .

_

1
_
_

_
_

1




Table B-2. Shift Differentials
(S h if t d i f f e r e n t i a l s o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e and a m o u n t o f d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t w o r k e r s —

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—

Actually working on—

Second shift
work

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

T ota l________________________________________________

87. 8

82. 8

17. 3

9.4

With shift pay d iffe re n tia l_______________________

Third or other
shift

85. 4

82. 3

16. 3

9. 3

U n iform cents (p er h o u r )_____________________

58. 5

55. 7

12. 3

7. 5

4 c e n ts_______________________________________
5 c e n ts_______________________________________
6 c e n ts_______________________________________
7 ce n ts_______________________________________
8 c e n ts_______________________________________
9 c e n ts_______________________________________
10 cents______________________________________
11 cents______________________________________
12 cents______________________________________
I 2 V2 c e n ts___________________________________
1323 c e n ts___________________________________
/
14 cents______________________________________
15 cents______________________________________
16 cents______________________________________
17 cents______________________________ _____
17V2 cents and ov e r________________________

1. 2
6. 3
4. 3
2. 4
31. 4
.8
3. 0
1 . 0
3. 4
1. 3
1 . 0
1. 8
.4

1. 5
1. 2
3. 2
2. 6
2. 7
1. 6
30. 5
2. 0
1. 8
1. 1
1.9
2. 4
3. 1

. 3
.9
.8
.7
7. 5
. 1
.7
.3
. 3
.2
( 2)
. 3
. 1

. 1
. 3
( 2)
.2
. 1
.2
5. 5
.3
.2
( 2)
.2
. 1
. 3

U niform p e rc en ta ge ___________________________
5 p e rc e n t____________________________________
7 p e rc en t____________________________________
7 V2 percent__________________________________
10 percent___________________________________

24. 5
4.9
4. 3
.5
14. 9

24. 3
4. 1
.5
19. 8

3. 9
.6
.9
. 1
2. 3

1. 8
. 1
( 2)
1. 7

Other fo rm al pay differen tial________________

2. 4

2. 4

. 1

With no shift pay d iffe re n tia l----------------------------

2. 4

.4

1. 1

1 I n c lu d e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s ,
e v e n th ou gh t h e y w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
2 L e s s tha n 0. 05 p e r c e n t .

_

and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s

_

. 1

covering

la t e

s h if ts

15

T able B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B a lt im o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K ER S

W eekly hours

A ll w o rk e rs___

All
industries

___________________________________

Under 35 h o u rs _______ ____________ _____________
35 h o u rs __________ ________________________________
Over 35 and under 37V2 h o u rs _____ ______________
37 hours _______________________________________________
Over 37V2 and under 40 h o u rs ______________________
40 h o u rs -------------------------------------------------------------Over 40 and under 45 hours______________________
45 hours __________________________________________
48 h o u rs ________________________________________________
52 h o u rs ________________________________________________

l/
z

j

Manufacturing

100

100

3

4
1
1
10
7
77
-

3
8
17
5
64
(5 )
-

Public 2
utilities

100

Se e not e on p. 13,




r e l a t i v e to the i n c l u s io n o f r a i l r o a d s .

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

Finance 3

100

(5 )

-

5
-

24
2
73

4
5
9
82

15
2
78

-

-

-

(*)

1 Inc lu d es da ta f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n t o t h o s e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s shown
2 T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r pu b l ic u t i l i t i e s .
3 F i n a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e .
4 I nc lu d es da ta f o r r e a l e s t a t e and s e r v i c e s in a d d it io n to t h o s e i n d u s t r y
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

P L A N T W OR KER S

6 '
25
29
4
36
-

All
4
industries

100

divisions

sh own s e p a r a t e l y .

Public 2
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

1
1
6
1
87
1

-

_
_

100

90
1

7
11
74
2

9
-

7

1
(5 )

1
5
2
85
1
2
2

( 5)

separately.

Manufacturing

3
(5)

-

-

16
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d ivis io n s by num ber o f paid h olidays
p ro v id e d annually, B a ltim o re , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)

OFFICE W
ORKERS
Item

A ll w orkers-----------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
paid holidays-------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays---------------------------------------

All .
in stries
du

PLANT W
ORKERS

M
anufacturing

Public >
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

-

"

_
( 5)
7
2
40
1
( 5)
36
8
2
1
1
“

1
2
28
25
1
42
( 5)
~

C)
( 5)
1
3
24
26
36
37
62
63
85
86
100
100
100
100

1
3
5
5
13
13
50
51
91
93
100
100
100
100

M
anufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

97

99

100

100

93

-

-

(?)
( 5)
13
2
1
21
1
1
24
( 5)
2
8
2
21
2
1
(?)
( 5)

All 4
in stries
du

3

1

-

7

.
1
6
2
46
1
( 5)
28
10
4
1
( 5)
-

_
3
31
37
2
27
-

_
11
28
3
3
19
3
2
16
3
10
1
-

2
61
( 5)
6
2
21
-

_
( 5)
1
5
5
15
15
44
44
90
92
98
99
99
99

_
27
27
29
29
66
66
97
97
100
100
100
100

_
_
1
1
12
14
32
35
58
61
100
100
100
100

_
.
_
_
_
21
23
29
30
91
91
91
93

Number of days
Less than 5 h olidays----------------------------------5 holidays-------------------------------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half d a y s--------------------------6 holid ays-------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half days--------------------------7 holidays-------------------------------------------------7 holidays plus 1 half day----- -------7 holidays plus 2 or 6 half days--------------------8 holidays-------------------------------------------------8 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------8 holidays plus 2 half days--------------------------9 holidays------------------------------------------------9 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------10 holidays------------------------------------------------11 holidays------------------------------------------------11 holidays plus 1 half day--------------------------12 holidays______________________________________
13 holidays-------------------------------------------------

_
5
9
5
19
4
10
4
15
29
“

_
( 5)
80
1
9
( 5)
10
“

_
6
1
20
16
8
43
5
( 5)
1

1
1
( 5)
18
1
( 5)
35
1
( 5)
26

-

10
10

1
1
1
7
50
58
73
73
93
93
94
94
100
100
100
100

( 5)
1
6
6
13
13
39
40
75
76
95
96
96
97

( 5)
7
5
1
( 5)
"

Total holiday tim e6
13 days-----------------------------------------------------12 days or m ore------------- --------— — -------------11 l/z days or m ore-------------------------------------11 days or m ore-----------------------------------------10 days or m ore-----------------------------------------9 V2 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------9 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------8 l/z days or m o r e ----------— -------------------------8 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------7 V2 days or m o r e ---------------------------------------7 days or m ore .. .. ... .. . m m n . . ------ -----------6 V2 days or m ore --- „--------------------------------6 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------5 days or m o r e ---------------------- — ----------------4 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------1 day or m ore---------------------------------------------

(?)
( 5)
42
42
43
43
68
68
99
99
100
100
100
100

29
29
44
48
62
62
86
95
100
100
100
100

19

20
100
100
100
100

1 Includes data fo r services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
4 Includes data fo r rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Less than 0. 5 percent.
6 A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; fo r example, the proportion o f workers receiving a total of 7 days includes
those with 7 full days and no half days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions w ere then cumulated.




NOTE:

See note on p. 13, relative to the inclusion of railroads.

17

Table B-5.

Paid V acatio n s1

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll w o rk e rs_________________________________________

PLANT WORKERS

All
in
dustries

M
anufacturing

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

Finance4

All .
in stries
du

M
anufacturing

Public ,
u
tilities

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100

100
100

( 6)

100
100
-

100
92
8
-

100
100
-

100
89
11
-

100
100
-

”

"

“

-

"

“

“

12
48
12
1

10
52
6
"

_
29
1
-

1
25
2
-

46
11
-

_
23
1
75
1
“

_
21
79
1
-

_
56
_
44

_
73
13
14

Method of payment

W o rk ers in establishments providing
paid vacations____________________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent______________________
P ercentage payment___________________________
F la t-su m paym ent----------------------------------------O th e r____________________________________________
W o rk ers in establishments providing
no paid vacations
__

-

-

-

-

-

99
93
6
(6)

“

"

■

1

_
49
1
-

3
36
7

56
16
-

"

"

9
54
32
5

21
11
2
-

18
8
1
"

_
52
48
-

_
15
85
-

_
7

1
78
3
12
4
1

1
84
2
7
5
1

( 6)
51
9
33
4
1

_
62
13
19
5
2

(6)
14
15
65
4
1

_

_

_

17
19
57
5
2

4
95

22
21
57

3
7
91

-

-

-

Amount of vacation pay 7

After 6 months of service
Under 1 week_______________________________________
1 w eek. ____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s _____________________________________________

-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week_______________________________________
1 week____________ ________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s----------------------------------------------------------------

_
46
10
45

-

93

-

-

-

-

_
68
31
-

-

2

-

_
28
3
67
2

51
49
-

-

After 2 years of service
Under 1 week_______________________________________
1 week_______________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________ ___________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s __ __ _____________ ______________________

_

_

_

6
5
89
1
1

8
3
86
1
2

3
23
74
~

_
10
90
-

_
9
91
-

_
( 6)
100
-

_

_
30
70
-

"

After 3 years of service
Under 1 week__________________________________ __
1 week__________________ ___________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s __________________ ____
2 w e e k s _____________________________________ ______
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s________________________
3 w e e k s _____________ ______________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f ta b le ,




_

3
1
92
2
2

_
5
3
84
3
4

_

_

_

_

2

5

-

-

-

98

95

4
1
95

-

-

-

-

100
-

-

2

_

18

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

All ,
in
dustriesz

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

W
holesale
trade

_
4
3
85
3
4

_
2

5

-

-

98
-

PLANT WORKERS
R
etail trade

Finance4

All
in
dustries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities3

_

( 6)
13
13
67
4
1

_
15
17
60
5
2

4
_
95
.
2

22
21
57
-

3
7
91
_

-

-

4
_
86
7
3

_
_
98
_
2

11
_
85
_
3

2
7
88
_
4

3
_
20
16
60
_
1

_
54
_
45
_
1

11
_
40
21
24
_
3

2
_
22
7
69
_

3
16
16
64

11
28
21
37

2
21

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

Amount of vacation pay 7— Continued
A fter 4 years of service
Under 1 week _____________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------

_
3
1
93
2
2

_
95
-

_
4
1
95
-

100
-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

After 5 years of service
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1
( 6)
90
3
7

( 6)
-

89
1
9

_

1

1

_

-

-

-

-

100

97

97

93
4
4

4
1
85
6
3

-

-

-

( 6)

2

3

_

1
22
1
76
1

_
69
31
_
-

3
_
25
13
57
1

3
21
12
62

i

After 10 years of service
1 week______________________ ____ __ ---- ------- --O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s --------------------------------2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1
( 6)
42
3
53
1
1

20
7
69
3
1

69

-

1
33
3
61
_
2

1
40
3
54
2
1

( 6)
18
6
70
4
1

_
67
33

1
26
1
71

1
20
79

_
69
_
31

1
8
1
85
1
5

( 6)
5
1
87
1
6

1
7
1
63

( 6)
5
1
47

( 6)
-

-

31
-

_

( 6)

After 12 years of service
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s -------------------------------3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ----------------------------- _
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

_
46
_

52

_

77

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

“

2

1

-

1

1

1

3

( 6)

_

3
9
5
75
3
3

3
5
7
77
5
3

2
15

3
9
5
59
3
18
1

3
5
7
61
5
17
2

After 15 years of service
1 week --------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s ____________________________________________

1
23

1
17

8

-

-

-

-

99

73

80

-

-

-

-

4

2

88
( 6)
4

_

1
23

1
17

5

1

_
_

11
24

_

_

_

99

56

82

_

_

_

1

8

2

11
24

2
15

73

42

60

_

_

After 20 years of service
1 week ---------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s ____ _______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ....... ............... .......... ...... ...... ....... ...........
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s _______________________
4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------Over 4 w eeks____________________ _________________




S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le .

-

28
1

1

_

-

-

-

-

93

30

71

77

-

-

-

-

-

45
3

7

44
2

10
1

18

_
_
_

27

_

19
3

_
_

24
( 6)

19

Table B-5.

Paid V acations1 Continued
—

( P e r c e n t d is t r i b u t i o n o f o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B a l t i m o r e , M d . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

All
2
in stries
du

M
anufacturing

Public 3
utilities

W
holesale
trade

PLANT WORKERS
R
etail trade

Finance4

All c
in stries
du

M
anufacturing

Public 3
u
tilities

W
holesale
trade

R
etail trade

Amount of vacation p a y 7— Continued

After 25 years of service
week - —
_
____ _
_ _ _ _ _ _
_ —
2 weeks
_ ____________ ____
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------—
-----3 w e e k s________________ _____ _________ _____ ______
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s________________________
4 weeks — — ----- — — _ ------- __
Over 4 w eeks----------—
--------1

1
6

( 6)
5

1

1

34
1

56
2

33
2

56
4

_
1

_
27
72
"

1

17
_
25
4
51
2

1

17
_
32
_
48
2

_
3
_
41
55
( 6)

3
9
5
25
5
50

3
5
7
23
7
53

2

2

3
9
5
25
5
50

3
5
7
23
7
53

2

2

_
_
18
_
82
"

11

23
_
26
14
23
3

2

15
_
39
_
43
2

After 30 years of service
week - —
_ __
__
_
_
_ __
__
2 w e e k s__________ ________ ______________________ __
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s________________________
3 weeks _ ---_
____ ______________
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s---------------------------4 weeks ----- ----- ------------------- --------------------Over 4 w eeks____ —
__ ______ ________ ______
1

1
6

( 6)
5

1

1

33
1

57
2

33
2

56
4

1

1

1
-

_

17

17

_
3

-

-

-

27
72

25
4
51

48

2

32
2

38
58
( 6)

_

11

_

23

_

-

18
_
82

26
14
23
3

2

15
_
39
_
43
2

workers
"sab b atical" benefits beyond basic plans
1
Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended"
with qualifying lengths of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2
Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4
Finance, insurance, and rea l estate.
5
Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6
L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
7
Includes payments other than "length of time, " such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example,
a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 w eek's pay. Periods of service w ere a rb itra rily chosen and do not n e cessarily reflect the individual p r o ­
visions for progressio n s. F o r example, the changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs ' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. E s ­
timates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 w eeks' pay or m ore after few er years of service.
NOTE:

See note on p. 13, relative to the inclusion to railroads.




20

Table B-6.

Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans

(P ercen t of office and plant w orkers in a ll industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension ben efits, 1 B altim ore, Md. , Novem ber 1964)
P L A N T WOR KER S

O FF ICE W OR KER S

Type of benefit

A ll w o rk e rs_________________________________________

All
2
industries

10 0

Manufacturing

100

Public 3
utilities

100

Wholesale
trade

100

Retail trade

Finance4

100

100

AH
5
industries

10 0

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

10 0

100

W o rk ers in establishments providing:
96

99

95

75

99

91

99

99

91

46

54

28

51

41

44

42

45

41

37

24

78

93

78

85

84

53

90

96

87

81

77

Sickness and accident insurance__________
Sick leave (fu ll pay and no
waiting p e rio d )____________________________
Sick leave (p artial pay or
waitii^g p e rio d )_____ _____________________

43

72

30

32

47

11

75

91

57

52

36

52

53

75

61

20

46

12

3

53

30

21

6

6

1

7

26

-

12

7

13

6

31

Hospitalization insurance_____________________
Surgical insurance_____________________________
M edical in su ra n c e _____________________________
Catastrophe insurance_________________________
Retirement pension____________________________
No health, insurance, or pension p la n ____

82
84
71
75
87

99
96
69
72
80

63
63
55
60
92
3

67
71
71
92
90
( 7)

83
84
53
29
82

80
79
36
31
51

45
45
30

6

4

Life in su ran ce__________________________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
insurance.
__
________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 6

91
93
74
60
91

1

100

98
98
94
93
73

2

95
95
58
27
86

100
100

90
71
80

66

21
88

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required,
such as workm en's compensation, social security,
and railroad retirem ent.
2 Includes data for services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
5 Includes data for re a l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below.
Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely
establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Inform al sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
7 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.




NOTE:

See note on p. 13, relative to the inclusion of railroads.

21

T a b le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave

(P e r c e n t d istribu tion o f o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d iv is io n s by fo r m a l sick le a v e
p r o v is io n s , B a ltim o re , M d., N o vem b er 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
Sick leave provision

All w orkers
W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
fo rm al paid sick le a v e — _ _ _
W o rk e rs in establishm ents providing
no form al paid sick le a v e _______________________

All .
industries1
10 0 .0

M
anufacturing

10 0 .0

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

10 0 .0

Finance 3

10 0 .0

All 4
in
dustries
10 0 .0

M
anufacturing

10 0 .0

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

10 0 .0

10 0 .0

Retail trade

10 0 .0

58.0

58.9

76.1

67.8

46.0

46.4

23.5

9.5

6 6 .0

36.2

51.8

42.0

41.1

23.9

32.2

54.0

53.6

76.5

90.5

34.0

63.8

48.2

17.7
16.8
3.7

18.6
17.1
6.4
9.5

4.6
4.6
.9
1.4
2.3
-

22.7
22.7
9.8
7.2
3.0
6.9
6.9
-

7.1
6.5
-

22.5
22.5

4.8
3.4
1.7

3.4
1.9
1.9
_
_
_
_
>
_
.9

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
11.3
11.3
-

17.9
17.9

4.9
4.9
_
3.0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
13.4
4.5
8.9

38.2

13.8

12 .0

6 .1

8 .0

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan: 5
No waiting p e r io d ________________________ ___ __
F u ll pay®
__ _ _
5 days_____________ ___ ____ __
6 days
_ _ __
______
_ _
8 days _ _ _ _ _
__ _
_
_
9 days.___ _________ ______ _______________
.
1 0 d a y s________________________ ________ .
1 2 days—
_ _
2 2 d a y s—
____
—
___
43 d a y s— —. —_—___ _______________ _____
F u ll pay plus partial pay
P a rtia l pay only
Waiting p e r io d __________________________________
F u ll pay
—
_ _
_
_
P artia l pay only _
_
__
Graduated p la n 5— A fter 1 year of service:
No waiting p e r io d _______
_____
F u ll p a y 6 ..........................................
2 days
___ _ _
__
5 days
1 0 d a y s— __ __ ___
__ ______ __
15 d a y s ..
__ _
40 days
_ _ .....
.... ..
75 d a y s_______ —_ _______
, ___
40— days________________________________
50
F u ll pay plus partial pay 6 _________________
1 0 d a y s—
__
_ _______
2 0 days
P a rtia l pay only_____________________________
Waiting period .
__ _ _
F ull pay
Full pay plus partial pay
P a rtia l pay only_____________________________
Graduated p la n 5— A fter 10 years of service:
No waiting period _
F u ll pay 6 ____________________________________
1 0 days
1 1 d a y s ______ ___ ----------------------------------18 d a y s ........ ...... ..... ,.... ....
.. ...... .
2 0 d a y s_____ __________________ ________ __
2 2 days _ ................
40 days _
____ __ ______ _
_____
50 days
6 5 days _________________________________ __
130 days
__ __ _
260 days. _ __________ ____ ____ —
8 0 —9 0 days
_ __ ____________ ____

.8
.8

.4
6 .0

3.1

.6

.2

-

.3
.5
.5
1.7
1.1

1.1

.4
.5
.5

.6

1.1
1.1

-

31.9
19.4
.7
1.4

34.9
32.6
-

46.9
5.0
2.5

6 .8

10 .1

1.6

1.9

1.5
17.3
2.4
1.4
4.9
.4
4.5

42.0
23.3
23.3

34.9
32.6
_
-

70.3
46.9
2.5
_
_
42.0
-

.1

.7
6.4
6.4
2 .1

3.4
6 .0
6 .6

.9
.8

5.0

35.9
25.4
.4
.7
.1
1.0

2.8

1.4

3.9
1.4

1.1

1.9
1.4
6.5
.7
6.4

.8

1.5
17.3

'
See footn otes at end of table.




_
4.4

6 .0

_
_
-

.1

9.8
3.8
6 .1

-

.6

38.2

21.4

6 .1

8 .0

4.4

_
7.3
.7
-

"

.6

_
7.8
9.3
_
_
_

32.1
32.1
_
-

1.6

.4
2.8

7.3
.7
4.9
4.9
.9
15.4
7.6
7.7
-

1.6

2 .2

“

23.9
13.6
_
3.3
4.1
3.7
2.4
10.4
3.8
4.8
_
_
23.9
13.6
_
_
_
_
3.7
3.8
3.6
_
2.4
“

.2

.2

_
.6
.8

.6

3.3
1.8

_

1.5

-

6.4
1.7
.9
.7
(7)

(7)
(7)

28.2

_

1.2

.1

_
_
_
_
_
_

_
2 .1

1.5
.4
2.5
8.9
1.7
2 .1

5.2

(7)

6 .0
1.2

4.9

9.1
3.9
_
.9
.3
_

(7)

(7)

(7)

_
.1
2.2
-

_
_
_
_

“

“

C
)
-

_
>

6 .6

_
_
2.2

2.5
_
6.5
_
_
_
2.4
2.4
-

1.2

2 .1

_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
27.1
24.7
_
24.7

52.9
28.2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
27.1
_

2 .1

_
_
9.9
_
9.9
_
3.9
_
3.9
-

12 .0
2 .1

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
2 .1

_
_
~

17.7
7.2
5.3
2 .0

_
_
_
_
_
8.7
8.7
_
1.7
15.9
4.6
11.3
-

2 2 .2

7.2
_
5.3
2 .0

_
_
_

_

_
_
_

22

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick L e av e— C o n tin u ed

(P e r c e n t distrib u tio n of o ffic e and plant w o r k e r s in a ll in d u stries and in in du stry d iv is io n s b y fo rm a l sick le a v e
p r o v is io n s , B a ltim o re , M d., N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

Sick leave provision

All
.
industries

Manufacturing

P L A N T WORKERS

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 3

23.3

32.1

12 .6

10.4

All
4
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Type and amount of paid sick leave
provided annually— Continued
Graduated plan 5— A fter 10 y ears of
service — Continued
No waiting period — Continued
F u ll pay plus p a rtial p a y 6 _ ----------------___ ___ __
35 days ___
50 days__
____ ______ _
55 days
60 d a y s ------------------------------------------ ----------------------- --_______
65 days _ _
70 days
_
___ _ —
130 days
_ _
_______ ___
P a rtia l pay only ________________________________________
Waiting period
F u ll pay
- __
_
—
F u ll pay plus partial pay
___
P a rtia l pay only _

10.4
.5
.7

2.4

1.0

.3
1.7
3.3
1.9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0

-

-

-

.9
7.7

-

-

-

-

3.3

-

4.5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.2

2.4
-

4.9
.4
4.5
“

7.1

6 .2

.2

-

4.8

-

.4

2.6

.8
-

-

-

-

.1

-

4.9
7.6

-

-

23.3

27.6

-

-

.2

-

-

"

13.3
8.7
4.6

-

-

-

-

9.9

-

-

.7

24.7

4.9
1.5

-

-

7.7
“

-

.4
.3
6.3
.9
4.8

“

.6

7.1

8 .8

2 .8

-

-

-

24.7

-

-

-

9.9

-

-

-

6 .0

1.8

3.9

-

1.7
11.3

1.2

-

-

3.9
.9

1.8

3.9
-

11.3
-

4.6

5.5

"

-

Provision s fo r accumulation
W o rk ers in establishm ents having
provisions for accumulation of
un used

s ic k le a v e

1.8

14.8

12.5

Includes data fo r services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and re a l estate.
4
Includes data for rea l estate and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5
"U n iform plans" a re defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each
year.
"G raduated plans" a re defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave v a rie s according to length of service.
P erio d s of service w e re arb itra rily
chosen. Estim ates reflect provisions applicable at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression. Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick
leave after 1 0 y ears of service m ay also receive this amount after greater or le s s e r lengths of service.
6
M ay include provisions other than those presented separately. N um bers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" a re days for which w ork e rs receive sick
leave at full pay; w o rk e rs are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
7
L e s s than 0.05 percent.




1

2

3

23

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p lo y e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v id in g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ,
b y ty p e o f p la n , B a l t i m o r e , M d ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
OFFICE WORKERS
T y p e o f p lan

AH
.
industries

A l l w o r k e r s -------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s ----------------------------------------

PLANT WORKERS

5

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 4

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

All
industries

Manufacturing

16

4

2

7

58

26

10

( 6)

-

-

-

5

-

1

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e f e r r e d d is t r ib u t io n —

15

4

2

7

53

26

8

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r b oth c u r r e n t
and d e f e r r e d d is t r ib u t io n ____________________

-

-

-

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m e th o d o f d i s t r ib u t io n -------------------------------

( 6)

( 6)

-

-

-

-

84

96

98

93

42

74

Wholesale
trade

100

100

100

5

43

3

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t d is t r ib u t io n ----

Public 3
utilities

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s ----------------------------------------

1 T h e stu d y w a s lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s (1 ) h a v in g e s ta b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r
to th e e m p lo y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o f it s ; (3 ) th at r e p r e s e n t a
w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x te n d s to a m a j o r i t y o f the o f f i c e o r p la n t w o r k e r s .
2 In c lu d e s data f o r s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
5 In c lu d e s d ata f o r r e a l e s ta te and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




-

-

2

-

5

-

-

-

1

-

-

97

100

95

8

-

( 6)

Retail trade

90

35

57

the a llo c a t io n o f p r o f it s h a r e s a m o n g e m p lo y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ic a te d
c o m m it m e n t b y the c o m p a n y to m a k e p e r io d ic c o n tr ib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o f it s ; and (4 ) in
s e p a r a t e ly .

d iv is io n s

sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area* This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations* May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks*
Class B* Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers ir voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data* This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers*
CLERK, FILE
Class A* hi an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material* May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks*
Class B* Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings* Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material* May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C* Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files*

CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled*
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker’s name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due* May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties*
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine* Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master* May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or inteipreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (’’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c alls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

30

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker*s time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A woiker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical woik involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAI NTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience*

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded*

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam* Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinists
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the followings Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Woik involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die m akers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tooxo, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVE ME NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleric
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on sa la rie s for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job an aly sts, directors of
personnel, managers of office serv ices, and clerical employees.
Order a s B L S Bulletin 1422, National Survey of P rofessional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wape Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates r,f earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government. Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1___ ____________ ________ _ ...
_
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
_________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1________ _________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , Feb. 1964 1
N.
__
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_____________________________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 19641_________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T ex., May 1964 1
----------------Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1
____ __________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
----- ---- -------- T
------------Boston, Mass., Oct. 1964 1
____________ ___________ ...
_

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1430-27,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963_____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964__________________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1------------ --- ------------------ Charleston, W. Va., Apr. 19641
_____________________
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
_________________________
_
Chattanooga, Tenn. -Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 ____ ___ ______
Chicago, 1 1 , Apr. 1964 1____ ____ ___ _____ _ _____
1.
_
_
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1____________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1_____________________ ___
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1__________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 19641____________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1964 1_____________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1______________ __________, ___
_
Denver, Colo. , Dec. 1963 1 ____ ___________________
___
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1________________________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964.___ ________ _______ _ _____
_
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 19641_ __________ ___ ______
_
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1________ ______________
_
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1_________________________
Houston, Tex. , June 1964 1 _________ ________ _ ___ _
_
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1
____ ______ _________
Jackson, Miss. , Feb. 1964 1__________________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964________________________
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans. , Nov. 1964_ __________ ____
_
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.— H. , June 1964 1________
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 1964 1_____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 1964 1
_________
Louisville, Ky.-Ind. , Feb. 1964______________________
Lubbock, Tex. , June 1964 1
___________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1_______________________
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1__ ___ ___ ___.....___ ___
_

1430-25, 30 cents
1430-20,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,
1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1430-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Area
Miami, Fla., Dec. 1963 1
—___
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964________ __
Minneapolis— Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964
St.
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, Mich., May 1964 1
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 l _ .__
New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1964
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964.
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1
Norfolk-Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964
__
Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964_____________
Paterson—
Clifton—
Passaic, N. J. , May 1964 *.
Philadelphia, Pa.-N .J. , Nov. 1963 1________
Phoenix, Ariz. , Mar. 1964 1________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964..____ ______ _____
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964___
Portland, Oreg.—
Wash. , May 1964 1m ,
m
m
Providence-Pawtucket, R. I. —
Mass. , May 1964.
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964____________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964___ ___
Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641
_____
St. Louis, Mo.-111. , Oct. 1964 1_
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963--------------- ----San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964_____ .....______ ____
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
San Diego, Calif. , Sept. 1964**._______ —
________
San Francisco—
Oakland, Calif., Jan. 1964*_____
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 l_ __ ______ ____________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964____ ___________________
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964_ ___________________
_
Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964________________
South Bend, Ind. , Mar. 1964 1___ ___ _ ____ ___
_
_
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964__
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964____
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963.
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. , Oct. 19641-___ ___
Water bury, Conn. , Mar. 1964 1_________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1964 1_______ _______ ____
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1______ _________ ____
Worcester, Mass., June 1964
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964*_________________

Bulletin number
and price
1385- 29,
1385- 56,
1385. 39,
1385. 71,
1385- 49,
1385. 37,
1385- 42,
1385. 72,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385-77,
1430-5,
1430-17,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,
1385-60,
1430-22,
1385-28,
1385-74,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
20 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,
1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102