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Occupational Wage Survey

000

DALLAS, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1964

B u lle tin No. 1430-25




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LA BO R STA TISTICS
Ewan C la gu e , Commissioner




HAWAII

O ccupational Wage Survey
DALLAS, TEXAS




NOVEMBER 1964

Bulletin No. 1430-25
January 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is the
need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by
occupational category and skill level, and (Z) the structure
and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends for selected occupational groups-_________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
Z. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods________________________________ __

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers---- 14
B-Z. Shift differentials_________________________________________15
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours —
---------------------------------------- — 16

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is col­
lected annually in each area. Information on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained
biennially in most of the areas.




3

A. Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women---------------------------— 5
A-Z. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women— 9
A - 3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined — ----------------------------------- — 10
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations_______________ — 11
—
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations--------------- 1Z

At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each area studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual met­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Dallas, Tex., in November 1964. It was prepared in the
Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga., by William L.
Dansby, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
Wage Analyst.

1
4

B-5. Paid vacations________ — _______________________________ — 18
—
B-6. Health, insurance, and pensionplans---------------------------- Z0
B-8. Profit-sharing plans------------------------------------------------

Z3

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions — ------------------------------—
B. Occupational descriptions-------------------------------------------------

25
Z7

areas.

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

A current report on occupational earnings and sup­
plementary wage practices in the Dallas area is also
available for the machinery industries (March 1964).
Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels, are
available for building construction, printing, local-transit
operating employees, and motortruck drivers and helpers.

iii




Occupational Wage Survey—Dallas, Tex.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Laborfs
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job. The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors wnich may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Es­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (l) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either ( l ) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B-series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and nonsupervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions.
"Plant workers" include working fo re­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactu'
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of (1) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B-4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a formal basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness.
Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors1 fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.

Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees;
( l ) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current year's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

Table 1.

Establishments and w orkers within scope of survey and number studied in Dallas, Tex. ,* by majo:
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions- ------- - --Manufacturing - — — — —

—

- ---- -----

. _____ — —

___ —

•istry division ,2 November 1964

N u m b e r of establishments
Within
scope of
study 3

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study

Studied

Studied
Total4

Office

Plant

Total4

------

.

1,070

216

220,100

46,300

130,200

113, 170

---- .—

50
“

359
711

71
145

9 2 ,200

127,900

10,200
36,100

63, 100
67,100

50,400
62,770

50
50
50
50
50

82
184
197
138
110

28
23
36
37
21

29,400
21,100
40,900
24,000
12,500

6, 100
(6)
4,400
17,600
(6)

14,900
(6)
32,100
71,000
(6)

20,590
4,620
22,150
12,300
3, 110

Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities5_____ — _____ __ _______ _
Wholesale trade___ __________ — --------------Retail trade ________________________
_____ _____
Finance, insurance, and real estate----------------Services 8 -------------------------------------------

1 The Dallas Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Collin, Dallas, Denton, and Ellis Counties. The "w orkers within scope o f study" estimates shown in this table provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other
employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll
period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industries as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other w orkers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded. Dallas' transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too small to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Estimate relates to rea l estate establishments only. Workers from the entire industry division are represented in the Series A tables, but from the real estate portion only in "a ll industry"
estimates in the Series B tables.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Dallas, Tex.,
November 1964 and November 1963, and percents of increase fo r selected periods
Indexes
(November 1960*100)
Industry and occupational group

Percents of increase

November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November I960 October 1959
to
to
to
to
to
November 1964 November 1963
November 1964 November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November I960

A ll industries:
Office clerica l (men and w om en)-----Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en)-------------Unskilled plant (m en )---------------------

112.5
110.0
115.7
113.0

108.5
110.0
110.6
110.3

3.7
0
4.6
2.4

2.9
2.1
3.7
4.4

2.1
4.3
1.9
2.9

3.3
3.4
4.7
2.7

2.5
3.5
3.0
2.5

Manufacturing:
Office clerica l (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women) —
Skilled maintenance (m en)--------------Unskilled plant (m en )---------------------

110.7

107.2
(l2
)
110.5
112.9

3.2
(l)
4.7
1.8

3.5

115.7
115.0

1.2
3.8
1.9
2.7

2.3
4.6
4.4
26.7

1.5
1.2
1.0
2.9

(*)

(')

3.9
5.1

1 Data do not meet publication criteria.
2 The amount of this increase reflects changes in employment among establishments with different pay levels in addition to general wage changes.

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file, class A , B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes. For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex., Novem ber 1964)

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

$

$

t

MEN

Mean2

$
1C6.50
114.50
105.00
103.00
105.50

Median 2

Middle range2

$
$
$
108.50 95.50-119.00
118.50 102.00-127.00
106.50 94.50-117.00
105.00 88.00-116.50
107.00 96.50-118.00

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - --------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------------F I N A N C E -------------------------------------------------------

530
99
431
181
63

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
38.5

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING — -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------FINANCE4-----------------------

335
93
246
58
67

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.0

89.00 89.50
94.50 107.50
86.50 88.50
95.50 95.50
71.00 69.50

50

55

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

50

55

60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

40
and
under

1

60

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
$
f
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
95 ICO 105 110 115
85
70
80
65
75
90

65

_
—
-

_
—
-

$

140

150

$

160

85

90

95

ICO

IC5

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

19
19
10
2

16
1
15
11
4

31
16
15
14
1

2?
22
19
3

41

53
3
5C
9
12

46
8
38
13
4

56
2
54
17
11

46
2
44
22
1

90
24
66
24
14

72
21
51
14
9

17
8
9
7

17
9
8
6

4
3
1
-

-

46
24
22
5
10

5
1
4
3
1

22
2
20
9
5

47
6
41
5
15

41
3

24
2
22
14

2C
1
19
16

21
8
13
7

48
42
6
4

_
-

8
8
6

—
-

3
3
3

_
-

_
—
-

-

-

-

18
1
17
6
4

$

80

-

9
9
9

130

75

-

9
9
9

$

120

70

-

73.50-104.00
74.00-112.50
72.50- 97.50
85.00-104.00
59.50- 85.00

$

18
3
15
?.

13

2
39

15
2

38

18
l

CLERKS* FILE, CLASS C --------------

56

39.5

61.00

59.50

57.00- 63.00

-

-

-

32

18

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

CLERKS* OROER ---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

292
244

40.0
40.0

92.00
92.50

91.50
91.50

74.00-102.00
73.50-102.00

_

_

_

_
-

l

16
16

74
62

8
7

6
1

29
29

40
26

37
37

2C
15

21
11

10
10

6
6

8
8

7
7

6
6

3
3

_

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------FINANCE4-----------------------

322
28C
28
211

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

58.00
58.00
61.50
56.00

56.50
56.50
58.00
55.00

52.5052.5054.0052.00-

_
-

14
14
14

124
109
9
93

81
69
9
50

48
44
5
38

17
11
5

21
16
I
9

ll
11
2

_
-

6
6
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

TABULATING-MACF INE OPERATORS*
CLASS A --------- -----— ----------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ---------------FINANCE4-----------------------

157
135
66

39.5 108.00 107.00
39.5 108.00 109.50
39.0 101.00 98.00

97.50-117.50
98.00-117.50
94.00-112.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5
5

1
1
1

21
14
14

26
25
22

21
15
2

12
9
5

19
19
3

28
28
8

13
13
6

8
4

3
2

—
—
-

-

TABULATING—MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---- -------- --------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PU8LIC UTILITIES-------------FINANCE4-----------------------

286
2 38
32
128

39.5 91.00 90.50
39.5 88.50 87.00
39.0 100.50 101.50
39.5 84.00 81.50

77.00-105.00
75.00- 99.50
87.00-114.00
73.00- 96.50

-

-

-

-

8
8
8

13
13
3

39
39
4
35

27
23
2
12

28
27
1
24

28
26
3
6

9
8
2
l

41
38
3
23

22
17
5

41
23
4
11

9
1
-

15
10
3
~

3
2
2
-

3
3
3

-

-

-

39.5
39.0
39.0

69.00
68.50
70. 50

70.50
70.00
71.00

58.0057.50co cn—.

-

-

10
10

17
17

6
6

5
5

15
14
12

6
6
*

11
9

-

5
5

3
3

55

129
95

40.0
40.0

74.50
74.00

71.00
69.00

67.00- 84.50
66.50— 85.00

21

l

17
13

13

10

135

40.0
40.0
40.0

66.50
62. 50
62.00

64.00
62. 50
62.50

61.00- 75.00
60.00— 65.00
60.00- 64.50

-

~

~

~

71
3C2
63
239

40.C
40.0
40.0

78.00
83.00
77.00

77.50
77.00
78.00

75.00- 81.00
74.00- 79.50
75.00- 81.OC

-

T ABUL ATING-MACHINE t? ERA TORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------e v iAiir c*
a
.
.
r inAf,L l

78
75

62.50
62.00
64.00
60.50

80.00
79.00
on cn
OU«?U

6

5

*

WOMEN
BILLERS* MACHINE {BILLING
MACHINE) - — —
~ — ------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------BILLERS* MACHINE {BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING — ——— — —— —— — ——
RETAIL TRAOE -----------------BCCKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A — — — — — — ------ ----- —
MANUFACTURING ------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

See footnotes at end of table.




55

8

2

51

7
7
7
-

2

6

19
17
9

51
50
42

17
6
2

15

1
1
1

1

1

1

1

~

~

12
7
7

1

3
3

-

1
1

6
6

21
21

46
19
27

145
31
114

53
1
52

16

4
3
1

l
1

2
2

-

“
~

*
*

5l

8

2

14

*

—

7
7
“

~

“
~

“
~

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex., Novem ber 1964)

Weekly eaminsrs1
(tnad
sadr)
Number
Sex, occupation, and industry division

woikers

weekly
hours1
( t n a d Mean2
sadr]

$

Median2

Middle range2

40
and
under

*

45

*

5C

$

55

$

60

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
t
95 ICO 105 110 115
75
65
80
90
70
85

120

$

130

$

140

$
$
150 160

45
WOMEN -

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

—
-

1
1
1

10
10
-

52
52
39

77
—
77
4
52

86
2
84
5
47

58
24
34
4
6

23
10
13
10
3

33
9
24
2
15

32
32
2

9
7
2
2

—
—

—
—

—

11
11

—
-

-

-

—
—

—
—

-

CONTINUED

392
63
329
29
163

40,0
39*0
40*0
40.0
40*0

$
70.50
82.50
68.50
74.50
65.50

$
68.50
78.00
66.50
76.00
64.00

$
62.5073.0061.5068.5060.00-

837
234
6C3
112
109
211

39.5 91.50
40.0 97.50
35.5 89.00
40.0 100.50
40.0 86.00
39.0 82.50

90.00
93.50
89.00
98.50
89.50
81.00

81.50-102.50
87.00-112.50
78.00-100.50
92.00-110.00
74.50- 99.50
71.00- 89.50

_
-

_
—
~

—
“

27
11
16
—
16

27
27
16
11

23
1
22
6
16

62
2
60
6
44

45
4
41
8
15

81
17
64
2
12
18

155
64
91
23
8
42

82
28
54
9
14
13

85
17
68
31
14
5

89
19
70
6
19
7

42
9
33
14
4
5

30
9
21
15
2

49
29
20
8
1
9

28
13
15
4
—
8

12
11
1
—
1
-

_
—
—
—
“

—
—
—
—
~

1,413
285
1,128
258
195
494

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0
40.5
39.0

73.00
77.50
72.00
88. OC
68.50
64.00

70.50
77.00
68.50
88.00
68.00
63.00

61.5069.0060.5081.0062.5057.00-

_
-

92
—
92
16
72

194
22
172
15
8
126

194
25
169
25
47
82

212
32
180
8
43
103

198
44
154
5
41
56

107
55
52
6
19
22

106
30
76
31
8
24

136
42
94
62
12
9

64
10
54
38
-

29
7
22
11
1

19
3
16
14

11
4
7
5

35
—
35
35

5
—
5
3

11
11
-

—
—

_
-

_
—
-

—
-

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A --------NONMANUFACTURING -----------FINANCE4 ------------------------

271
252
212

39.5
39.5
39.5

72.00
71.50
70.00

70.00
69.50
68.50

65.00- 77.50
64.50- 77.00
64.00- 75.00

-

—
_
-

_
-

24
24
20

45
42
41

67
65
64

47
45
34

43
38
27

19
15
10

11
11
9

4
4
3

4
4
3

3
1
1

_
-

4
3

-

_
-

—

_
-

_
—

—

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B --------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S
f i n a n c e 4---------------

650
622
32
436

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

61.00
60.50
68.50
58.00

59.00
59.00
65.50
57.50

55.0055.0059.5054.00-

65.00
64.50
82.50
61.50

—
-

12
12
12

15C
150
129

206
198
9
164

124
115
7
74

67
66
5
33

40
37
1
21

11
8
3

22
20
6

10
8
4

_
—

4
4

4
4

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTURING FINANCE4--------------

588
559
468

39.5
39.5
39.0

54.50
54.50
52.50

53.00
53.00
52.50

50.50- 57.50
50.50- 57.00
50.00- 54.50

113
113
109

277
273
259

96
87
65

31
15
6

29
29
28

_
-

33
33
1

_
—

-

3
3

_
-

4
4

_

_
—

-

_
-

_
-

-

—

_
-

CLERKS, ORDER ------------MANUFACTURING-----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------

249
66
183
65

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0

72.00
77.50
70.00
65.50

71.00
78.00
68.00
63.00

64.0072.5063.0056.50-

2
2
_
-

_
-

13
13
13

12
12
12

45
8
37
13

50
50
8

26
16
10
2

25
16
9
3

53
16
37
12

4
3
1
1

17
4
13
-

3
3
-

1
1
1

-

-

-

-

~

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------MANUFACTURING
NQNMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3RETAIL T R A D E --------F IN A N C E ------------------

462
155
3C7
4e
86
82

40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

82.00
85.50
80.50
93.00
73.50
81.50

80.50
81.50
80.00
91.00
76.50
84.00

72.50- 90.00
75.50- 96.50
71.50- 89.00
75.50-108.00
67.00- 82.50
71.00- 95.00

—
-

_
-

1
1
—
1

17
17
9
8

37
3
34
l
11
7

20
10
10
1
5
3

83
24
59
10
15
10

63
32
31
4
13
8

87
29
58
5
23
6

39
14
25
3
5
14

21
4
17
2
2
5

20
3
17
6
3
8

35
17
18
3

11
7
4
3

7
5
2
-

7
7
5

7
7
5

7
7
_

_
_
_
_

_
—

_
—
_

9

1

2

•-

-

503
103
400
44
243

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.5
39.5

74.00
82.00
72.00
86.5C
72.00

72.50
76.50
71.00
84.50
73.00

65.0071.5063.0073.0065.50-

82.50
94.00
81.50
94.00
81.50

_
-

_
-

13
13

74
11
63
5
35

92
34
58
7
48

48
6
42
31

28
2
26
26

27
5
22
13
4

13
7
6
1

15
13
2
-

5
3
2
2

_
-

6
_
6
6

1
1
_

_
_
_
_

_
_
_

_
_
-

13

65
3
62
2
34

66
16
50

-

50
2
48
—
10

_
_
-

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------MANUFACTURING -------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL I T I E S 3----------e
FINANCE 4 __________________________

685
8C
609
116
320

35.5
40.0
29.5
40.0
39.0

79.50
81.00
79.50
91.00
73.50

78.50
78.50
79.00
89.50
73.00

71.5073.5071.0086.0068.00-

87.00
87.00
87.00
94.00
78.00

_
-

_
-

-

6
6

-

-

-

-

36
3
33
2
30

91
4
87
1
75

137
18
119
6
88

103
23
80
6
68

104
7
97
41
B

57
5
52
28
—

21
4
17
7
1

16
4
12
7
1

3
1
2
-

2
2

9
1
8
8

_
.
.
_

_
_

_
_
_
•

_

_
_

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-------------FINANCE4---------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING------------------NCNMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3—
RETAIL TRADE ---FINANCE4------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING - - -----------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------RETAIL JRAOE
FINANCE’

See footnotes at end of table.




$
77.50
92.00
73.50
80.00
68.50

83.00
86.00
82.00
97.00
74.00
69.50

81.50
83.00
81.00
77.50

~

-

-

4

9

41
1C4
10
94

8
45

2

—
-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex., Novem ber 1964)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

weekly
hours1
[standard)

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

40
and
under

$

45

$

50

S

55

$

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
S
S
S
$
$
$
$
t
S
$
%
$
$
$
$
65
80
85
90
6C
70
75
95 100 105 110 115 120 130 140 150 160
$

45
WOMEN -

CONTINUED

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

—

8
8

37

64
5
59

-

37
-

-

35

58

79
30
49
11
37

42
15
27
1
12

67
28
39
1
11

_
—
-

4
4

106
93
5
8C

23
18
3
15

23
21
2
5

17
9
1
6

18
5

7
7
7

_
—
—

2

6
8
5
2

_

-

_

_

12

37

—
-

—
-

—
-

12

84
19
65

175
68
107
8
20
54

229
69
160
12
41
75

226
70
156
11
11
104

268
117
151
10
23
93

5C5
106
399
25
303

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0
39.0

$
67.50
73.50
66.00
72.00
64.00

$
67.50
74.50
65.50
72.00
64.00

$
61.0070.0059.5066.0058.00-

$
74.50
81.50
72.00
75.00
69.00

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

208
167
25
114

39.5
39.5
40.0
39.0

59.00
58.00
72.00
54.50

54.50
54.50
77.00
53.50

52.5052.0057.5051.50-

65.00
62.50
87.50
56.00

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

2,574
818
1,756
3C8
198
77C

39.5 96.00 97.00 84.50-106.50
40.0 97.00 97.00 87.00-105.00
39.5 96.00 97.00 83.50-107.00
39.5 108.00 108.00 100.50-118.50
39.5 87.50 88.50 79.50- 98.50
39.5 90.50 90.50 79.50-101.50

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

1,393
484
9C9
3C4
61
2C4

40.0
40.0
40.0
35.5
40.0
39.5

76.50
81.50
73.50
76.50
72.50
69.00

76.50
82.50
72.00
75.00
71.00
68.00

67.5076.0066.0067.0065.0063.50-

85.00
88.50
82.00
86.50
75.00
74.00

_
-

2

1C

73

2

10

2

-

6

73
17
2
18

STENOGRAPHERS. SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

1,081
333
748
161
308

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0
39.5

91.50
94.50
90.00
94.00
87.50

92.00
94.50
91.00
94.00
87.00

83.00-101.00
84.50-103.00
82.50- 99.00
87.50-101.00
79.00- 95.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS A5------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3-----------------------

176
76
100
31

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

81.00
82.00
80.00
84.50

81.50
81.50
81.50
84.50

75.0075.5074.0080.50-

87.50
88.50
86.00
92.00

_
—
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B5------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ------------------------------

229
220
96

41.C
41.0
40.0

60.00
59.50
57.50

59.00
58.50
60.00

53.00- 65.50
53.00- 65.00
52.00- 64.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

465
154
311
35
86

40.0
39.5
40.0
40.0
39.0

74.50
76.50
73.50
94.50
75.00

72.50
74.50
71.00
87.50
74.00

638
52
586
421

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

71.00
77.00
70.50
68.50

910
167
743
125
446

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0
39.5

73.00
77.00
72.50
78.50
69.50

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

See footnotes at end of table.




-

12
-

-

-

-

-

-

110

115

120

140

150

160

170

—

_
-

2
2
2

_

_

-

-

-

-

—
—

_
—
-

_

—
-

-

-

-

—

-

354
131
223
22
34
79

358
122
236
44
21
99

205
51
154
67
2
60

136
55
81
9
12
19

167
59
108
55
1
18

142
24
118
42
2
26

34
14
20
8

11
1
10
5

6
4

1
1

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

116
48
68
52
4

59
29
30
2
7

19
11
8
8

3

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

3
3

—

-

-

-

-

—

—

82
21
61
10
32

23
10
13
2
~

11
4
7
7
~

21
19
2

_

-

—

_
-

~

~

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
—

6

1

-

-

37
1
5
21

20
41

129
18
111
9
6
69

129
22
107
42
11
17

246
46
200
39
12
68

184
35
149
54
20
33

193
92
101
28
2
24

215
100
115
44
1
10

144
101
43
15

1

46
9
37

102
29
73
11
47

107
27
80
10
48

147
30
117
34
49

214
56
158
27
49

104
31
73
31
9

165
76
€9
26
33

7
2
5
3

6
4
2

-

1
1

_
-

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

—

-

7
1
6
6

10
7
3
3

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

—

-

—

-

-

8

1

10

58
21
37
3
30

6
3
3
1

19
5
14
2

20
10
10
3

30
16
14
1

46
14
32
10

25
14
11
4

15
6
9
7

-

1
-

-

-

-

“

_
-

_
-

-

8
8
8

6
6
6

75
75
25

31
31
8

50
48
30

22
22
16

21
14
1

5
5
2

3
3

2
2

5
5

_
-

_
—

65.50- 81.50
67.50- 83.00
65.00- 81.00
78.50-115.00
68.00- 81.50

_
-

—

15

49
16
33

40
10
30
1
14

99
28
71
l
12

65
27
38

75
24
51
5
19

11
9
2
2
"

25
11
14

_
-

3

4

-

—

-

3
-

4
2

21

57
21
36
10
12

69.50
71.50
69.00
68.50

62.0068.0061.5059.50-

80.00
79.00
80.00
77.50

_

_

86
1
85
49

123
19
104
67

75
18
57
56

71
l
70
65

88
5
83
54

_

_

4

_

-

-

—

—

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

11
2

32
2

17
11

-

-

-

4

7
7
-

_

-

81
1
80
76

_

-

-

-

—

—

72.00
78.50
70.00
78.50
68.00

66.0072.0065.5071.5063.00-

80.50
82.50
79.00
84.00
74.50

57
2
55
55

109
5
104
4
83

220
21
199
23
124

164
33
131
16
69

106
31
75
30
41

155
66
89
27
40

48
7
41
18
12

21
21
2
10

6
1
5
1
4

-

11
—
11
-

5
l
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

-

-

—
-

—
-

TRANSCRieiNG-MACHINE OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

4

-

IC5

130

4
2
2
2

6

110
16
94
3
81

5
4
1
1

-

89
6
83
6
63

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS 8 -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3----------------------FINANCE4---------------------------------------

IOC

-

-

-

-

15
-

—

~

-

43
—

43
39

_

_

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

-

11

-

5
-

5
5

—

8
32

17

—
—
-

_

8
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time we e k l y hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
b y industry division, Dallas, Tex., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earning s of—
s

$

$

$

t

i

S

(

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

*

$

$

$

WOMEN -

1
1

CONTINUED
1 ,5 4 9
226
1 ,3 2 3
136
58
939

5C

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

1 CO

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

ICO

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

-

19

441
15
426
16
15
364

348
59
289

10

4

4

8
203

7

43
17
26
6
3

19
6
13

20

90
56
34
23

58

19
10

378
9
369
16
5
309

128
43

-

40

of
(standard)

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE45

45

45

Sex, occupation, and industry division

39.5
4 0 .0
39c 5
4 0 .0
40. 5

3 5 .0

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

$

6 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

5 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 4 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

5 5 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 5 4 .0 0 5 7 .5 0 5 7 .5 0 5 3 .5 0 -

6 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

and
under

-

-

2
7

85

51

7
4

17

41

20
-

-

2

8
8

7

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

?

2
2

11

1

1 Standard hours reflect the w o r k w e e k for w h i c n e m p l o y e e s receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings c o r r e s p o n d to these w e e k l y hours.
2 T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d for each job b y t talmg the earnings of all w o r k e r s and dividing b y the n u m b e r of w orkers.
T h e m e d i a n designates position— half of the e m p l o y e e s surveyed receive m o r e
than the rate shown; half receive less than the -*
>cte shown.
T h e middle range is defined b y 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w o r k e r s earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn m o r e than
the higher rate.
3 Transportation, c o m m unication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Description for this occupation ha s bee n revised since the last s urvey in this area.
See appendix A.




9
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time w e e k l y hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Dallas, Tex,, N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
$

$

Mean2

Median

2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

S

$

$

s

$

S

$

$

s

$

t

$

S

$

$

S

55

60

65

70

75

eo

85

90

95

io n

1C5

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

60

65

70

75

80

P5

90

95

1 CO

105

no

115

12 C

125

130

135

140

145

150

over

2
2

50

2
2

2
2

-

7
7

29
24

27
18

38
35

46
43

37
35

30
24

17
15

4 34

-

9

i4

55
49

70

43

69

27

-

14
14

3

-

-

3

4
4

30
13
2

3
-

_

66

10
10

6
6

63
55
8
2

7
7

5

2

and
under
55

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A 34
---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

271
227

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
$
1 3 4 .5 0 1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 3 .5 0 1 3 3 .0 0

$
$
1 2 5 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 4 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5-----------------------

495
392
IC3
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . C
40. C

1 1 4 .5 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1C 6.50
1 1 0 .5 0

113 .5 0
114 .5 0
1C6.00
1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 5 .5 0 -1 2 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C 3---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

362
303
59

4 0 .0
4 0 .C
40. C

9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 6 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

-

_
*

-

d r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s 3------------------------------

132
89

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 6 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 - 7 5 .0 0
5 9 .0 0 - 7 7 .5 0

12
12

19
13

29
14

4 0 .C

9 8 .5 0

9 5 .5 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

_

_

MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

6

-

-

-

2
2

11
11

_

6

-

-

-

3

9

36
15

6

-

6

6

5

21

25

23

11
l l

30
27

67

71

69

44

45

56

38

12
10

13
9

3

22

64
7

13

6

2

12

14
9

8
8

5

3

3

8

22
5

6

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

.

.

-

5

WOMEN
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED) -----

67

_

_

1

10

21

1 Standard h ours reflect the w o r k w e e k for wh i c h e m p l o y e e s receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings corres p o n d to these w e e k l y hours.
2 F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
3 Description for this occupation has b e e n revised since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.
4 W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows: 11 at $ 1 5 0 to $155; and 23 at $ 1 5 5 and over.
5 Transportation, c o m m unication, and other public utilities.




20

~

3

11

60
9

4

17
16

2

25

2

7C
59
11
8

1

10
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by in du stry d iv is io n , D a lla s, T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
Average

Average
O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s t r y

Number
of

d iv is io n

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s t r y

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLE R S, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
M A C H IN E )--------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

137
1C3

BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H IN E )--------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------BGOKKEEPING—
MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

4 0 -0
4 0 .0

$
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

135

4 0 .0
95 4 0 .0
714 0 .0

-

d iv is io n

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------------7 8 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 6 .5 0 KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------7 1 .0 0
FINANCE3 --------------------------------------8 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS------------------------7 4 .5 0
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------6 5 .5 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------9 7 .5 0
FINANCE3--------------------------------------1 0 2 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
1C2.00 SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------9 1 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------8 8 .0 0
PUBLIC UT IL IT IP S 2----------------------RETAIL T R A D E -----------------------------7 6 .0 0
FINANCE3--------------------------------------8 2 .0 0
7 4 . 5C
9 0 .0 0 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL --------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------6 9 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------6 5 .0 0
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------7 2 . OC
FINANCE3 --------------------------------------7 1 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------6 1 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------6 1 .0 0
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------6 8 .0 0
FINANCE3--------------------------------------5 8 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

BCGKKEEPING-MAChINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------FINANCE3 ---------------------------------------

423
64
355
25
165

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

1 ,367
333
1, C34
293
14C
274

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

1 ,752
378
1,3 7 4
356
207
561

3 9 .5
39 .5
3 9 .5
4 0 .C
4 0 .5
3 9 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS A ------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------FINANCE3------------------------

273
2 54
214

3 9 .5
3 5 .5
3 9 .5

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS B ----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

652
664
54
454

3 9 .5
39.5
39. 5
3 9 .0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

644
612
500

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

CLERKS, ORCER ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

541
114
427
69

4 0 .C
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 C .0

5 5 .5 0 SWITCHEOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A 4------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------5 5 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------5 2 .5 0
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------8 3 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 SWITCHEOARC OPERATORS, CLASS B4------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------8 3 .0 0
RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------6 6 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL TRADE -----------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

503
174
325
65
87
82

4 0 .C
40. C
4 0 .C
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

8 3 .0 0 SWITCHBOARC OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING-------------------------------8 6 .0 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------8 1 .0 0
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------9 3 .5 0
FINANCE3--------------------------------------7 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

4 0 .0
39 .0
4 0 .0
40. C
4 0 .0

!

s ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , a n d o t h e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .

3

F in a n c e ,

in s u r a n c e ,

D e s c r ip tio n




fo r

th is

and

re a l

th e ir

r e g u la r

s tr a ig h t- tim e

s a la r ie s

e s ta te .

o c c u p a t io n

has

been

r e v is e d

s in c e

th e

la s t

su rvey

in

th is

area .

S ee

Average

a p p e n d ix A .

Number
of
workers

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

$
7 5 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A
^
—— — .— —
—
— —
NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

172
146
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
2 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

TABULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-------------------------------FINANCE3 -------------------------------------------------------

317
50
267
47
138

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 0 .5 0
1 0 4 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

399
25
303

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

6 7 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

TABULATING-MACFINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ----------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------FINANCE3-------------------------------------------------------

99
94
67

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0

530
83
447
53
325

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39.0

5 8 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
58 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

638
52
586
421

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .C

7 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

2 ,5 8 0
818
l , 762
314
198
770

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

9 6 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
107 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

92C
167
753
135
446

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .C
3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

1,3 9 4
484
5l C
3C5
61
204

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . 0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9.5

7 6 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
73 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL T R A O E -----------------------------FINANCE3---------------------------------------

1 ,5 8 5
22 7
1 ,3 5 8
165
58
945

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5
39 .0

6 1 .5 0
68 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

1, C85
333
752
165
308

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
40 . C
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A4---------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

275
22 8

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 4 .5 0
1 3 3 .5 0

176
76
100
31

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
8C .00
8 4 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-----------------------

523
397
126
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0
1 0 6 .5 0
1 10.00

231

4 1 .C
4 1 .0
4 0 .0

6 0 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C4 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

367
307
6C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 1 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
9 4 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

o r a f t s m e n - t r a c e r s 4-----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------------

132
89

3 9 .0
38. 5

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .5 0

67

4 0 .0

9 8 .5 0

CONTINUED

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

6 6 .5 0
6 2 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

308
63
245

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
511

110
401
44
243
657

8C
617
124
320
505

1C6

222
96
465
154
311
35
86

and

th e

e a r n in g s

-

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

CONTINUED

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

NURSES,

corresp on d

to

INDUSTRIAL

th e s e

w e e k ly

(REGISTERED)

h ou rs.

-------

11
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r m en in s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a basis
by industry d ivisio n , D alla s, T ex . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
Hourly eaimings 1

O c c u p a tio n

and

in d u s tr y

Number
of
workers

d iv is io n

N u m ber

1.4 0
Me“ 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

1 .5 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1.8G 1 .9 0

o f w o rk ers

2 .0 0 2 .1 0

and

_

2 .2 0

r e c e iv in g

1 .6 0

83

$
2.9 3

$
2 .9 2

$
$
2 . 5 8 - 3.3 1

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------

238
184
54

3 .0 3
3 .0 3
3 .0 0

2 .9 5
2 .9 3
3 .0 5

2 . 7 1 - 3 .4 1
2 . 7 1 - 3 .5 1
2 . 7 8 - 3 .3 5

_
-

_
“

ENGINEERS, S T A T IO N A R Y -----------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NCNNANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3------------------

273
98
175
51

2 .5 6
2 .7 6
2 .4 5
2 .7 0

2 .2 9
3 .0 2
2 .2 4
2 .3 5

2 . 1 1 - 3 .0 9
2 . 1 9 - 3 .1 2
2 .0 8 - 2 .8 9
2 . 2 2 - 3 .4 3

_
“

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3------------------

262
205
57
56

1 .9 5
2 .0 1
1.93
1.93

1.9 5
2 .0 1
1 .8 6
1 .8 5

1 .6 4 1 .6 6 1 .5 0 1 .5 0 -

20
5
15
15

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING---------------------------

146
146

2 .9 8
2 .9 8

2 .8 8
2 .8 8

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

54
65

2 .7 4
2 .8 6

2 .7 4
2 .7 8

2 . 2 8 - 3 .1 3
2 . 6 4 - 3 .2 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3------------------

564
105
459
355

2 .9 3
2 .62
3 .0 0
3 .0 3

3 .2 0
2 .5 8
3 .3 1
3 .3 2

2 .5 1 2 .2 2 2 .5 9 2 .5 9 -

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

594
525
65

2 .8 3
2 .8 1
2 .9 5

2 .8 1
2 .8 0
3 .3 1

2 . 6 2 - 3 .0 9
2 . 6 6 - 3 .0 3
2 .5 3 - 3 .3 6

O IL E R S ----------------------- : --------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------

62
62

2 .4 0
2 .4 0

2 .4 2
2 .4 2

2 . 3 3 - 2 .4 9
2 . 3 3 - 2 .4 9

-

PAINTERS,

MAINTENANCE ------------------

76

2 .6 6

2 .8 4

2 . 2 1 - 2 .9 8

-

TOOL ANC DIE MAKERS ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

164
164

3.17
3.17

3 .1 9
3 .1 9

2 .8 6 - 3 .4 7
2 . 8 6 - 3 .4 7

E x c lu d e s
F o r

p r e m iu m

d e fin itio n




pay

o f te rm s ,

T r a n s p o r ta tio n ,

fo r

o v e r t im e

see

fo o tn o te

c o m m u n ic a tio n ,

and

and fo r
2,

w o rk

ta b le

o th e r

on

w eeken ds,

A - l.

p u b lic

h o u r ly

e a r n in g s

o f—

2.7C 2 .8 0 2 .9 C 3 .0 0

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0

3.5C 3 .6 0

j

1. 7C 1 .8 0

l.. 9C 2 .00

2. 10 2 .2 0

2,.30 2. 40 2 .5 0 2-.60 2 .7 0

2 . 7 2 - 3 .1 8
2 . 7 2 - 3 .1 8

MAINTENANCE —

2 .6 0

u n der

.50

CARPENTERS,

s tr a ig h t- tim e

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0

u t ilitie s .

2 .3 0
2 .3 3
2 .0 5
2 .0 0

3 .3 5
2 .8 6
3 .3 6
3 .3 6

h o lid a y s ,

4

2 . SC 3 .0 C 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0 3 .6 0 o v e r

13

4

9

5

5

12

3

1

9

1

3

8

-

ll
7
5

6
2
4

_
-

l
1
-

6
2
4

32
31
l

26
25
l

25
20
5

25
17
8

10
10
~

6
5

2
2
~

28
2
26

13
13

27
27

20
20
-

22
22
3

35
8
27
-

36
11
25
6

39
4
35
15

6
6
2

6
3
3
1

9
3
6
“

4
l
3
1

2
1
1
1

5
2
3
1

8
5
3
2

28
26
2
-

18
16
2

21
3
18
-

_
-

18
18
18

4
4
-

4
4
-

27
16
11
11

23
22
1
1

12
11
1
“

19
16
3
3

13
13
-

_
-

41
41
-

-

_

-

_
-

9
—
9
9

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

12
12

19
19

29
29

16
16

12
12

2
2

25
25

10
10

8
8

4
4

23
20

4
4

4
4

1
l

1
1

3
3

3
~

1

_

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

8
7
1
1

31
31
-

36
26
10
10

9
9
-

21
14
7
7

_

“

_
~

1
1

5

2.8C

-

—

1
“

7
7

18
-

~

8
8

_

”

-

-

1

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

“

-

13
13

2
2

14
14

~

-

_
-

_
“

_
-

5
5
-

3
3
-

5
3
2
-

26
14
12
8

12
3
9
5

69
18
51
51

12
12
12

6
1
5
4

32
13
19
19

11
1
10
6

19
16
3
-

25
13
12
10

13
13
13

29
29
7

15
6
9
9

25
3
22
5

231
231
231

7
4
3
3

12
12
12

7
7
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

21
21

35
25
10

14
14
“

22
22
*

16
12
4

35
24
11

22
22
-

121
121

98
98
-

22
22
-

44
44
-

27
21
6

17
17

45
7
38

7
7
-

47
47
-

_
-

_

_

5
5

1
1

_

_

_

2
2

3
3

16
16

23
23

6
6

-

_

_

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

11

7

13

-

-

2

1

3

-

1
1

_
-

7
7

-

-

-

and la te

-

s h ifts .

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

4

20

8

-

2

-

2

-

3

54
54

4
4

1
1

17
17

14
14

4
4

30
30

25
25

7
7

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b asis
by indu stry d iv is io n , D alla s, T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
N um ber o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e hourly ea rn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings 2

$
$
$
$
$
1 .1 0 1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1.4C

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING---------------------------

679
244
435

$
1.66
1 .9 8
1 .4 8

$
1 .3 5
1 .9 4
1 .2 8

$
$
1 .2 5 - 2 .0 1
1 .2 9 - 2 .5 2
1 .2 4 - 1.6 5

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

116

2 .2 4

2 .5 0

$
1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
!
$
1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

1 .2 0

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .3 0

1 .4 0

1.5C

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

2 .6 0

2.9C

3 .0 0

3.1C

3 .2 0 o v e r

10

38
11
27

18
3
15

21
1
20

25
8
17

34
23
11

4
4

3
3

9
6
3

-

14
14
-

-

~

1

22

-

14

Under
$
and
1.1 0 under

1 .7 6 - 2 .5 7

and

-

-

12

10

299
65
234

~

16

12

3 .2 0

34
8
26

12
5
7

23
8
15

1

18
10
8

2 .3 0 2 .4 C 2 . SC 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

8

-

1
-

1

31
31
-

51
51
-

10

19
19

3
3

44

“

-

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

128

1 .7 5

1 .6 1

1 .2 7 - 2 .4 1

-

-

49

11

3

1

7

1

8

10

4

-

-

-

21

7

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

JANITCRS, PORTERS* AND CLEANERS----MANUFACTURING-------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------FINANCE5---------------------------------------

2 ,982
1 ,051
1,931
241
483
262

1 .4 9
1 .7 7
1 .3 4
1 .7 6
1 .3 2
1 .2 4

1 .3 6
1 .7 4
1 .2 7
1 .8 4
1 .2 7
1 .2 3

1 .2 3 - 1 .7 4
1 .5 3 - 1 .9 6
1 .2 1 - 1 .3 9
1 .6 0 - 1.9 4
1 .1 9 - 1 .3 8
1 .1 7 - 1 .2 9

119

314
27
287

899
70
829
9
149
118

287
52
235
9
96
30

183
76
107
25
17

219
145
74
17
36

149

159
131
28
18

181

205
113
92
75

76
46
30
9

29

29
27

27
23
4

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

30
30
-

22
22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

2
2

48
45
3

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------RETAIL TRAOE -----------------------------FINANCE5---------------------------------------

631
6C9
50
58
106

1 .2 7
1 .2 5
1 .5 6
1 .2 5
1 .2 6

1 .2 3
1 .2 3
1 .5 6
1.2 2
1 .2 5

1 .1 7 1 .1 7 1 .2 7 1 .1 6 1 .2 2 -

15
14

4
3
2

4

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4----------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

2, 819
1 , 166
1,6 5 3
686
5C6

1 .8 9
1 .8 3
1.92
2 .2 4
1 .9 9

1 .7 6
1 .8 7
1 .6 6
2 .3 5
1 .9 5

ORDER
F I L L E R S -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

1,629
463
1 ,1 6 6
381

2 .0 3
2 .2 4
1.95
2 .2 1

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

582
312
27C
55

PACKERS, SH IPPING (WOMENI ---------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------

-

119
-

-

86

47
-

96

1 .2 8
li2 7
1.7 6
1.2 8
1 .2 8

37
37

166
163

-

24

354
351
19
26

l

2

12

-

81

8

-

2 .3 6
2 .0 9
2 .5 1
2 .5 8
2 .5 4

-

20
18

380
177

277
48
229
40
61

222
52
170
36
38

235
87
148
83
48

2 .0 4
2 .4 3
1 .7 4
2 .5 6

1 .5 4 1 .9 8 1 .4 8 1 .6 1 -

2 .5 4
2 .5 2
2 .5 7
2 .6 4

156

1.81
1 .67
1 .9 8
1.4 8

1 .5 6
1 .5 3
1 .5 8
1 .4 6

103
91

1 .50
1 .4 8

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------RETAIL TRADE ------------------------------

328
165
163
66

SH IPPING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------SH IPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

48
27
17
4

~

1 .4 1 1 .4 9 1 .3 9 1 .6 3 1 .4 2 -

101

JANITCRS*

2
4

122
59
43
7
-

2

21

-

-

21
8

6

2
-

1

PORTERS* ANC CLEANERS

See footn otes at end o f table,




2
l

24
24

3
3

2
1

7
4

3
3

-

3

3

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

20
4

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

3

1

1

60
55
5
4

155
155

58
43
15
15

229

43

2
227
216

-

38
38

-

44
44

43

321
42
279

160
11
149

-

-

141
132
9
8

96
96

123
39
30

148
100
48
16
16

-

-

149

-

1

~

1

11

39

77
2C2

-

124
19
105
23

52
15
37
10

49
11
38
5

51
37
14

83
26

82
25
57
5

125
125

-

-

22

163
19
144
18

-

_
-

82
36
46

48
33
15

27
22
5

16
16

8
5
3
3

6
2
4

10
10

-

-

2
-

203
-

2

57

-

-

50

-

-

50
16

138
5
133
37

1 .4 0 - 2 .4 7
1 .3 5 - 1 .7 9
1 .4 4 - 2 .8 3
1 .4 1 - 1 .5 6

_
-

_
-

88
59
29

60
38
22

95
49
46

-

-

1 .3 4
1 .3 3

1 .2 6 1 .2 6 -

1 .6 9
1 .6 6

-

-

2 .2 7
2 .4 7
2 .0 7
2 .0 4

2 .2 8
2 .4 8
1 .8 4
2 .0 0

1 .8 1 2 .1 9 1 .7 3 1 .5 9 -

2 .5 8
2 .7 4
2 .4 8
2 .4 9

_
-

-

186
118
68

2 .4 2
2 .4 7
2 .3 3

2 .4 0
2 .4 3
2 .2 8

2 . 2 2 - 2 .6 8
2 .2 5 - 2 .7 2
2 .0 8 - 2 .6 1

-

173
116
57

2 .2 C
2 .2 4
2.11

2 .1 5
2 .2 6
2 .0 8

1 .9 3 - 2 .4 3
1 .9 5 - 2 .4 4
1 .8 9 - 2 .1 8

-

-

-

19
137

7
6

1

-

188
65

11

25

8

2

41

26

_

-

12

40

22

~

-

3
3

-

-

-

_
-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
2

45

7
3

45
5

-

-

-

-

_
-

“

-

-

-

29

-

4

_

_

-

-

-

12
12

_

_

-

22
3
19
19

-

-

-

57

-

-

29
3

2
2

12
12

22
19

26

-

-

3

5

_

~

-

-

14
10
4

12

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

6

8
41
25
16

4
1
3
3

-

~

248
138

172
172
160

12
3
9

6
-

no

75
1
74

6

_
-

-

94

3

_
-

-

-

-

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

“

68

-

38
35
3

-

_

5
5

~

26

18

22

47

12
14

18

11
11

28
19

-

-

-

3

-

-

94

-

-

*

14
6

16
15

-

1

-

-

-

17
17
-

1
1

1

17
8
9

“

1

~

3

_
-

1
1

~
9
9
-

12
12

_
-

3

7

~

8

7

16
4
1?

10
8

45
30
15

11
1C

17

10

27

23

-

23

1C

14
13

8
5

~

3

2
2

3
-

26

12

12

31

10

22
7

29

15

12
-

12

16

-

4
4

4
4

-

_
-

_
-

l

-

15

2

2

7
7

6
6

8
7

?

-

-

-

6
10
2

10
19
12

-

-

4

1

-

13
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— -

nued

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on ;
by industry division, Dallas, Tex. , November 1964)
Hourly earnings2

, a basis

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receivin'. s .raight-time hourly earnings of—

workers

Mean3 Median3
6
5
4

Middle range3

3, 833
4 74
3,359
1, 5 6 5
.456

$
2.3 9
2.05
2.43
2.93
1.95

$
2.48
1.93
2.68
3.1 4
1.73

$
1.691.661.713.101.45-

$
3.14
2.38
3 .15
3.17
2.55

12
12
12

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS 1 ------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

566
159
4C 7
215

1.69
1.62
1.71
1.6C

1.54
1.60
1.52
1.4 6

1 . 3 7 - 1.94
1 . 4 1 - 1.75
1.36- 2.19
1 . 3 3 - 1.6 0

12
12
12

2,735
22 6
2,509
1,754
137

2.58
2.23
2.61
3.03
1.99

3.11
2.02
3.12
3.14
1.88

1.851.831.863.111.57-

TRUCKCRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE ) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

455
59
436

2.12
2.27
2.11

2.05
2.23
2.02

1.81- 2.27
2 .15- 2.43
1 . 7 9 - 2.1 8

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T ) ------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

675
3 66
3C9

2.0C
2.07
1.92

1.94
2.04
1.7 6

1.71- 2.33
1.79- 2.33
1. 6 0 - 2 . 3 5

_
-

TRUCKERS, POWER I OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) -------------------------------------------

59

2 .63

2.84

2.57-

"

_

1
2
3
4
5
6

3.16
2.43
3.16
3.17
2.46

3.13

$
*
1.4C 1.50

1.30

1.40

l . 50

1.60

-

174
8
166
35

324
31
293
10
39

136
21
115
6C

145
26
119
10
58

184
59
125
20
17

172
20
152
2
25

153
59
134
86
12

84
39
45
3
1

177
16
161
120
7

73
28
45
2
5

62
25
37
7
15

115
30
£5
3
13

79
30
49
10
36

55
8
47
33

103
31
72
36

77
20
57
42

87
22
65
41

46
35
11
4

8
8
-

30
12
18
“

20
9
11
“

6
6
~

9
2
7
4

9
9
6

43
l
42
9

119
119
2

221
221
10
3

52
1
51
18

46
4
42
5
17

101
24
77
10
7

99
12
87
2
16

95
47
48
22
8

47
23
24
1
1

57
13
44
24
7

14
6
8
2
1

35
7
28
7
9

72
29
43
3
4

_

7

7

37

65

68

114

18
18

15
15
~

t

-

_
-

_
-

-

_

_

_

1.60

$
$
1.7 0 1.8 0

1
$
$
1. 9 C 2 . 0 c 0 . 1 0

$
$
2 . 2 0 2.3C

1.7C 1.8C

1.5C

2 . 00 2 . 1 0 2 . 2 0

2.30

-

7

7

37

65

68

10

111

50
20
30

~

33
22
11

11
11

28
1
27

4C
12
28

42
13
29

127
47
80

28
3
25

78
68
10

48
43
5

52
46
6

-

-

*

5

8

-

-

-

-

12
2

_
-

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A - l.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.




%

$
$
S
$
$
2 . 4C 2 . 5 0 2 . 6 0 2 . 7 C 2 . 8 0

$
$
2'.90 3.00

$
3. 1C

3.10

3.20

$
and
1. 10 under

TRUCKERIVERS6 --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4
RETAIL TRADE

$
1.20 1.30

1.20

Occupation1 and industry division

$
1.10

3

2.70

2.80

2.9 C

3 .00

27
9
18
2
16

179
21
158
145
13

58
21
37
20
17

80
2
78
74

1
1
-

26
5
21
19

7
4
3
3

6
6
6

20
20
~

2
2
-

45
17
28
8
17

14
5
9
9

162
10
152
145
7

8
8
8

_

_ 1516

4
2

~

1516
- 1515
“
1

-

8
8
~

6
6

6
6

10
1
9

72
72

1
1
-

_
-

14
14

18
18
“

4
4
“

42
35
7

66
16
50

12
12

23
23
“

~

3
3

5
5

-

-

3

8

-

16

-

-

19

2.4C 2 « 5C 2 . 6 0

_

“

_
-

“
4
-

- 1530
- 1530
- 1529
l
_
~

_
~

-

-

14

B. Establishm ent P ractices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is t r ib u t io n o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a la r y f o r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o f f ic e w o r k e r s , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
In e x p e r ie n c e d ty p is ts
M a n u fa c tu rin g
M in im u m w e e k ly s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r y 1

O th e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
M a n u fa c tu rin g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g
A ll
in d u s tr ie s

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

B a s e d on sta n d a rd w e e k ly h o u rs 3 o f—
A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

A ll
s c h e d u le s

E s ta b lis h m e n ts s tu d ie d ___________________________________________

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _________________
$ 4 2 .5 0
$ 4 5 .0 0
$47. 50
$50. 00
$52. 50
$55. 00
$57. 50
$60. 00
$62. 50
$ 6 5 .0 0
$67. 50
$70. 00
$72. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$77. 50
$ 8 0 .0 0

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
u nder
under
under
u nder
u nder
under
u nder
under
under
u nder
under
u nder
under
over _

$ 4 5 .0 0 ______________________________________
$ 4 7 .5 0 ____________________________________
$50. 00_ --------------------------------------------$52. 50______________________________________
$55. 00_____________________________________
$57. 50_____________________________________
$60. 00_____ ______________________________
$62. 50_____________________________________
$65. 00_____________________________________
$ 6 7 .5 0 _____________________________________
$70. 00_ ___________________________________
$72. 50 ____________________________________
$75. 00 ____________________________________
$77. 50 _______________________________ __
$80. 00____ _______________________________
_ _ __ __ _ ___________________________

40

216

71

XX X

145

XX X

216

71

XXX

145

XXX

76

23

22

53

40

101

31

30

70

54

_

_

_

_
-

-

_
-

5
1
2
2
4
3
4

5
1
2
2
4
2
4

1
6
4
38
6
12
11
2
3
8
1
6

_

-

_
-

9
2
5
4
1
2
6

9
2
5
4
1
1
6

1
6
4
29
4
7
7
1
1
2
1
5

2
1
26
4
5
6
1
1
2
1
3
-

3
1
28
7
6
8
4
5
5
1
5
-

-

1
2

-

3
1
23
6
4
6

40

20
5
3
4

-

-

2
1
1
2

1

1

2
1
1
4

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

40

40

_

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

1

1

-

1
1

1

1

1

_

28

7

XXX

21

XX X

34

7

XXX

27

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts w h ic h d id n ot e m p lo y w o r k e r s
in th is c a t e g o r y
_
------ -------- ------------------------------

112

41

XX X

71

XX X

81

33

XX X

48

XXX

E s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g n o s p e c ifie d m in im u m ____________

T h e s e s a la r ie s r e la t e to f o r m a l l y e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m s ta r tin g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s th at a r e p a id f o r
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s c o m b in e d , and f o r the m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k r e p o r t e d .




s ta n d a rd w o r k w e e k s .

15

T able B-2.

Shift D ifferentials

(Shift differentials of manufacturing plant w orkers by type and amount of differential,
D a lla s, Tex. , Novem ber 1964)
P ercent of manufacturing plant w ork e rs—
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l

S e c o n d s h ift
w ork

T o t a l ------

-

_

-------

_

----------------

------------

77. 0

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------------

76. 3

71. 3

U n if o r m c e n ts ( p e r h o u r ) -----------

—

-----

5 7 .6

57. 6

11. 2

3. 6

4 4. 6

10. 9

3. 4

_

6

1 .4

.

7

rp n ts

4. 8

2. 6

7V2

2. 6

8

5. 2

.
.

__ __ _
____
c e n t s _____________ ____
c e n t s ------- — ------ — - -------- ------- —
1 0 c e n t s ___
_________
_ _
—
----1 2 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------------1 3 c e n t s -----------------— ------- — - —
1 4 c e n t s ___________________________________________
1 4 V 3 c e n t s ______________________ - ________________
1 5 c e n t s ________________________________________ _
_ __ -----------1 6 c e n t s --------- — _______
---------------------- —
2 0 c e n t s ---282
/3 c e n t s ----------------------------_ -------

6

33. 6

.

2 .7
6

5
7

5. 1

2

.6

.

2

1. 5

.
.

2
4

5. 7

7. 8

5. 6

.9

-

3. 2

.4
. 2
.3
.3

6

1. 5

-

3. 4

5. 8

1.

-

.

1 .5

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift

3. 6

7. 3

5

S e c o n d s h ift

1 1 .4

c e n t s ----------------------- ---------— —
c e n t s ____________________________________________
c e n t s --------------------------------------------------------

3

.

T h ir d o r o t h e r
s h ift w o r k

A c t u a lly woirk in g on—

4

1 5 .9

-

1. 5

_
.2
. 1
. 3
_
. 1
. 3
. 1
.2
1 .7

.

-

5

4 .9

4. 0

.

3

3. 0

-

2

_

1 .9

4. 0

.
.

1

( 2)

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ------------------

-

3. 6

-

F u l l d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s , p lu s
u n ifo r m c e n ts p e r h o u r --------------------------------

-

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e ----

_

—

—

p e r c e n t _________________________________________
1 0 p e r c e n t ------------------------------------------ —

5

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------

--------

.

5 .4

8

•

1

.

.

( 2)

1

2

1 Includes establishm ents curren tly operating late shifts, and establishm ents with fo rm a l provisions covering late shifts
even though they w ere not curren tly operating late shifts.
2 L e ss than 0. 05 percent.




16

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y sch e d u le d w e e k ly h o u rs
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Weekly hours

A ll w ork e rs------------------------------------------------------Under
h o u rs_____________ • _ _____ _______
37Vz hour s______________ __________________ _______
Over 3 7 V2 and under 3834 hours----------------------/
3834 h o u rs------------------ _ ------------------------ -----/
Over 383 and under 40 hours__________________
A
40 h ou rs----------------------------------------------- ---------Over 40 and under 44 hours-----------------------------44 h o u rs___________________________________________
44Vz h o u rs____ -___________________________________
45 h ou rs___ __ ____ ___ _______ ________________ _
Over 45 and under 48 hours-------------------------- _
48 h o u rs---------------------------------------------- ----Over 48 and under 54 hours-----------------------------54 h o u rs--------------------- -------------- ------------55 h o u rs----------------------------------------------- ----------

AU j
industrial

100

1
7
1
8
3
76
3
1
-

(! )
( )
( 5)
( 5)

M
anufacturing

Public 2
u
tilities

100

100

1
2

3
4

-

-

3

-

-

-

92
2
-

88
4
1

R
etail trade

Finance 3

All .
in u
d stries

100

100

100

100

2
1

1
_
2
_
85
1
4

( 5)
6
_
_
_
83
3
7

13
2
19
7
59
( 5)

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

( 5)

1 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




-

75
3
6
1
3
1
5
1
1
( 5)

M
anufacturing

Public 2
u
tilities

100

R
etail trade

100

_

1
_

_
_

_

_

_

_

85
5

60
7
14
3

_

_

_

4
1
2
( 5)

9

_

_

_

1

8
4
2

_

( 5)

17
Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w ork ers--------------------------------------------

A
U 4
in u
d stries

AU
x
in stries
du

— ----

W orkers in establishments providing
paid h olidays____________________________________
W orkers in establishments providing
no paid holidays---------------- -------- ----------------

M
anufacturing

Public 2
u
tilities

R
etail trade

Finance 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

99

99

100

99

100

91

94

99

85

"

9

6

1

15

8
10
2
47
12
4
9
2
2
3
2

7
2
33
( 5)
11
( 5)
3
26
2
5
1
(5)
"

1
2
24
11
1
4
35
3
10
2
1
■

_
1
10
-

15
61
2

2
2
5
7
9
22
33
82
92
100
100
100
100
100

_

_

( 5)
1
6
8
38
38
49
50
83
84
88
88
91

1
3
13
16
55
56
67
67
91
93
94
94
94

( 5)

( 5)

( 5)
1
20
5
1
30
5
5
21
3
( 5)
6
2
( 5)
1

( 5)
1
13
14
1
3
34
8
22
3
1

1
1
3
9
12
38
43
74
79
99
99
99
99
99

_
1
3
26
34
70
71
85
85
98
99
99
99
99

( 5)

M
anufacturing

PubU 2
c
u
tilities

R
etail trade

Number of days

Less than 4 holidays-----------------------------------------4 h olidays-------------------------------- --------------------5 holidays------------------------------------- ------------------5 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------5 holidays plus 2 half d a ys-------------------------------6 holidays----------------------------------------------------------6 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------6 holidays plus 2 half d a y s ------------------- ---------7 h olidays---------------------------------------------- ---------7 holidays plus 1 half day----------------------------------7 holidays plus 2 half d a y s-------------------------------8 holidays----------------------------------------------- — ---9 holidays______________________________ - _______
10 holidays------------------------------------ ------------------11 holidays----------------------------------------------------------

_
6
40
13
41
-

“

1
1
59
12
-

27
"

_

29
-

-

9
50
-

8
-

-

-

Total holiday time 6

n

days_____________________________________________
10 days or m ore--------------------------- ------- --------9 days or m o r e ---------------- ------------------------------8 days or m o r e -------------- --------------------------------days or m o r e _________________________________
7 days or m o r e ---------------------------- ----- —-------6 V days or m o r e _________________________________
2
6 days or m o r e ------------------------------------------5V2 days or m o r e _________________________________
5 days or m o r e ------------------------------- ---------------4 days or m o r e __________-_______________ ___ ___ _
3 days or m o r e ----------------------------------- --------- —
2 days or m o r e ____________________________________
1 day or m ore--------------------------------------------------

72
l3
/
6
5
4
z

1
2
3
4
5
6
no half

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

27
27
39
39
98
99
99
99
99

_
54
54
94
94
100
100
100
100
100

_

_

-

-

-

-

59
59
88
88
98
99
99
99
99

8
8
9
9
70
70
76
79
85

Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Includes data for wholesale trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions were then cumulated.




18
Table B-5. Paid V acations1
( P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)

PLANT WORKERS

OFFICE WORKERS
Vacation policy

A ll w o rk e rs___

_________________________________

M
anufacturing

Public ,
u
tilities

100

100

100

100
99
(6)
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

All
2
in stries
du

3

[

Finance4

All ,
in striess
du

100

100

100

100

100

1 00

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
90
7
1
-

100
87
13
-

] 0
' 0

100
93
1
5
.

1

-

R
etail trade

M
anufacturing

Public 3
u
tilities

R
etail trade

Method of payment
W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations
Length-of-tim e paym ent______ ____ _____
Percentage payment ________________________
F lat-su m payment _ ___ ___________________
O th e r__________________________________________
W o rk ers in establishments providing
no paid vacations_______________________________

.

-

-

-

"

8
34
10
3

20
21
( 6)

8
59
6
-

1
18
_
-

2
41
21
7

20
12
(6)
(6)

35
4
_
-

7
54
1
-

5
6
_
-

_
26
(6)
73
( 6)

_
34
1
65
-

_
50
2
48
-

_
71
29
-

_
_
100
-

( 6)
72
2
23
(6)

_
75
1
23
-

_
57
43
-

1
79
5
10
-

.
8
1
89
(6)
1

.
9
1
90
-

_
15
9
76
-

_
19
81
-

_
97
3

( 6)
34
3
61
( 6)

_
41
2
57
_
-

_
22
3
74
_
-

1
30
5
63
_
-

_
4
1
93
1
1

.
4
1
94
1

_
98
2
-

_
12
88
-

_
97
3

( 6)
14
4
80
(6)
( 6)

_
14
4
82
_
-

_
_
1
99
_
-

1
19
5
74
_
-

.
2
1
95
1
1

.
4
1
93
1
1

_
98
2
-

_
12
88
-

_
97
3

(6)
14
4
80
1
( 6)

13
4
83
1
-

_
_
1
99
_
-

1
19
5
74
_
-

.
2
92
1
5

_
2
85
2
11

.
_
98
2
“

.
11
89
-

_
_
95
5

( 6)
8
2
86
2
1

_
6
( 6)
89
3
2

_
_
1
99
_

1
13
5
80
_

~

-

-

Amount of vacation p a y 7
After 6 months of service
Under 1 week___ _______________________________
1 week _ _ .....
.
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 weeks
After 1 year of service
Under 1 week_____________________________________
____
1 week_ _______ ______________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s______________________
2 w e e k s __________ ________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks __ _ ______ ____
After 2 years of service
Under 1 week. __
__ __ ___________ _____
1 week. _________________________ ___________ .
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s______________________
2 weeks _ __
_______________________________ _
Over 2 and under 3 weeks
3 weeks _
_____________________________________
After 3 years of service
Under 1 week ___________________________________
l week . . . . . .
O ver 1 and under 2 weeks
2 weeks __
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s___________________________________________
After 4 years of service
Under 1 week. _
___________________________ _
1 week____ ______ ______________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s _________ ___________
2 weeks _ _ __________________ __________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks _ ____________ ___ _
3 w e e k s____
__ ____
__ ______
__ _____

_

After 5 years of service
Under 1 week. ___________________________ _____
1 week_____ _____ _ i
___ ____ ____ ____ _____
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________________
2 w e e k s___________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s______________________
3 w e e k s_____ _____________________________ ____

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




19
Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a tio n p a y
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
P L A N T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
V a c a tio n

p o lic y
A ll
,
industries t

A m o u n t o f v a c a tio n
A fte r
U nder

_

2 and u n d er

__

------------

3 w e e k s --------

---------

--------------------------------------------------

—

---------------------------------------

A fte r
U n der

------------

3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------

4 w e e k s ----------

12 y e a r s

------

-------

—

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------

2 and u n der

3 w e e k s ---------------------

3 w e e k s ---------------------

------------

4 w e e k s ---------------------

-------

A fte r
U nder

-

-------

------------

2 w e e k s ---------------------.... _ .

3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------

------. .

4 w e e k s _____________________________________________________________

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------------

3 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 a n d u n d e r 4 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------

-------------------------

-

-----

O v e r 4 w e e k s -------------------------------------------------------------------A fte r
U n der

25 y e a r s

1 w e e k ----------

------

2w
3w

1 and u n der

------------------------------------------------------

2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------

e e k s _____________________________________________________________
e e k s ---------------

4 w eeks -

—

-------------------------------------------------------

---------------

Public 3
utilities

Retail trade

_

2
_
66
1

_

8

_

-

_
_

-

-

62

46

59

( 6)
7

_

6

24

36

47

30

1
67
2
2
1

7

-

-

-

( 6)

( 6)

_

_

( 6)
7

6

2

-

1
1

( 6)
72

2

19

_
-

61
39
-

1
10
5
61
-

22
-

2

_

_

-

8

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

48

36

42

40
_

56

56

14

3

56

53

30

31

5
34

-

-

-

( 6)

( 6)

( 6)
7

6

2

6

49
7

2

( 6)
54

60

1
10
5
61
22

-

-

_
40
-

-

1
22
2
-

72
3

-

-

-

-

2
15
76
7

6
2
92
-

-

-

-

-

34
-

19
5

36

48

76

54

8
1
1

-

1

-

-

( 6)
27
-

1

66
1

( 6)
7

6

-

1
10
5

13
-

52
-

87

30

-

2

-

1
2
1
64
1
1
1
2
-

-

2
14

68
1

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

26

78

49

19
70
3

6
-

-

7

16

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

8

1

-

-

1
10

( 6)
26

-

5

32

13

42

48

57

58

37
-

9

29

5

-

-

( 6)
9

1

1
1

-

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k --------------------------------------------------------------

O ver

Manufacturing

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _________________________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver

A ll
5
industries

o f s e r v ic e

O ver

4 w e e k s ----------------

1

41

-------

O v e r 1 and u n d er
?. w p p V s .
..
.. .

U nder

_

---------------------------------------

1 w e e k ---------------------------------------------------

20 y e a r s

1
60
6
31
2

7

1w e e k ______________________________________________________ _________

A fte r

_

---------

----------------

15 y e a r s

2 and u n d er

Finance4

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s -----------------------------------------2 w e e k s ------------------------ — ------ ------------------------------

O ver

Retail trade

o f s e r v ic e

----------------------

1w e e k ---------------------------- - ------------------------O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s --------- --------------2w e e k s
O ver

Public ,
utilities 5

p a y 7— C o n t in u e d

10 y e a r s

1 w e e k ----------------

Manufacturing

---------------------------------------

O v e r 4 w e e k s -----------------------------------------

—

-

---------—

------

-

1
2
1
_

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

14

6

32
28
29

26

33

33

44

15

19
40

42

44

50

51

41

2

( 6)
7

2

7

1

1

-

-

6
( 6)

-

1
10

-

5

26

13

42

33
33

29

23

59

18

1

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to w orkers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Includes data for wholesale trade, rea l estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 L e ss than 0. 5 percent.
7 Includes payments other than "length of t im e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-su m payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay. P eriods of service were a rb itra rily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions. F or example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 y e a rs' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or more after few er years of service.




20
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percent of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 D a lla s , T e x ., Novem ber 1964)
3
2
P L A N T WORKERS

O FFICE W ORKERS

Type of benefit
All
2
industries

A ll w o rk e rs______________________________________

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

Retail trade

Finance 45

100

100

100

100

100

All
5
industries

100

Manufacturing

Public 3
utilities

100

100

Retail trade

100

W orkers in establishments providing:
98

96

100

90

100

86

89

100

76

46

53

47

66

31

48

48

58

43

63

71

66

73

54

53

50

78

49

Sickness and accident insurance________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)__________________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ________________________

28

52

20

22

12

35

42

34

24

3
9

50

1
8

26

45

11

9

23

9

13

5

35

34

5

13

8

37

16

Hospitalization insurance___________________
Surgical insurance___________________________
Medical insurance___________________________
Catastrophe insurance_______________________
Retirement pension
No health, insurance, or pension plan_____

92
92
77
63
78
1

98
98
70
53
79
( 7)

98
98
88
70
79

91
91
81
66
68
5

96
96
84
75
83

86
86
60
38
57
7

93
93
57
32
62
4

94
94
75
72
75

79
79
64
40
45
14

Life insurance_______________________________
Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance____________________________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 6________________________

1 Includes those plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer, except those legally required, such as w orkm en's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade and services in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
5 Includes data for wholesale trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
6 Unduplicated total of w orkers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least
the minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
7 L ess than 0. 5 percent.




21
Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
(P e r c e n t distribu tion of o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis ion s b y fo rm a l sick lea ve
p ro vis io n s, D a llas, T e x ., N o vem b er 1964)

PLANT W
ORKERS

OFFICE W
ORKERS
Sick leave provision

All ,
in stries1
du
100.0

A ll workers
Workers in establishments providing
form al paid sick le a v e . _
Workers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick lea ve ___________________

M
anufactu
ring
100.0

Public .
utilities2
100.0

Retail trade

Finance 3

All
in stries4
du

100.0

100.0

100.0

M u
an factu g
rin
100.0

Public 2
utilities^

Retail trade

100.0

100.0

51.5

55.5

53.2

59.8

49.8

23.9

16.7

60.0

25.0

48.5

44.5

46.8

40.2

50.2

76.1

83.3

40.0

75.0

21.2
21.1
.1
7.6
1.7
.5
6.0
4.9
.1
1.9
1.7
.2

34.9
34.2
26.4
2.7
2.3
2.8
.6
2.6
1.8
.8

3.4
3.4
.8
2.6
-

11.7
11.7
5.9
5.9
-

23.9
23.9
-

7.4
7.1
2.9
1.7
.6
1.9

8.3
7.6
5.4
.7
.5
.9

9.8
9.8
2.2
7.5

3.9
3.9
1.7
2.3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.6
6.6
-

-

-

.3
4.0
3.2
.8

.7
5.2
3.6
1.6

9.4
9.4
-

-

17.4
10.6
.3
3.0
.9
2.2
.9
6.8
3.4
2.4
1.0
10.5
3.9
1.4
5.1

15.5
2.3
1.1
-

14.6
14.6
2.0
12.6
-

3.8
2.2
.6
.9
-

1.2
.8
-

13.6
13.6
5.6
8.0
-

Type and amount of paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan: 5
No waiting period
_
___
Full pay® .
3 days
5 days
6 days
7 days---------------------- ------------ ----10 Hays
_
_
_
________ __ __
12 days
_
____
Full pay plus partial pay_______________
Partial pay only
Waiting p e r io d ------------------ -- ------- ---------

F u ll p a y

Partial pay only------------------------------Graduated plan5— A fter 1 year of service:
No waiting period
Full pay6 _
__
5 days

10 days

__—

12 d a y s

20 days.
_
_
.
43 days.
Full pay plus partial pay 6 .. . _
_
___ ___
10 days_ _____ ___________
20 d a y s

22 days
_ _
_
Waiting period
—
Full pay
Full pay plus partial pay_______________
Partial pay only_________________________
Graduated plan5— A fter 10 years of service:
No waiting period
Full pay6
__ _
20 days
40 days
140 d a y s

217 days
Full pay plus partial pay 6 __ __
10 days
_
_.
20 days
— __
21 days
.
. . .
35 days
50 days
60 d a y s
_
_ _ ....... ___ ______________
65 days
—
76 days
.. ________ ____
130 days
_
_
_
See footn otes at end of table.




23.1
7.8
.2
.9
2.2
.9
15.3
.8
1.1
1.7
.3
2.6
1.8
4.7
1.1
1.1

-

13.2
3.8
9.4
-

-

-

-

13.9
3.2
-

10.7
34.2
27.1

11.1
12.8

-

21.4
15.5
3.0
2.4
5.8
2.5
5.9
5.9
-

2.5

25.6

7.1

4.5
3.5
1.0
-

15.5
2.3
13.2
3.8
-

38.5
2.0
1.9
36.5
12.6

41.0
41.0

21.4
12.5
2.4
5.8
2.5
8.9

2.5
-

-

6.6
2.8
“

25.6
-

13.9
-

(7)

-

-

23.9
-

-

-

3.2
27.1
-

10.7
-

"

-

-

1.6
.9
.3
.4
8.4
2.2
1.2
5.1

-

-

.4

-

-

-

-

.4

-

-

2.1

-

5.2
-

-

5.2
3.6
-

1.6
15.9
7.8

-

24.5
2.3

2.1
"

22.2

8.1

7.7
1.3
.6
6.4

1.2
.8
.4

31.0
5.6
5.6
25.4

13.0
13.0

-

-

-

-

-

3.0
-

.9
.9
1.9
.3
2.4

-

8.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

■

“

“

”

-

3.0
2.9

-

.4
-

-

-

17.4

-

3.6
7.8
-

1.6

22

T ab le B-7.

Paid Sick Leave— C on tin u ed

(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y f o r m a l s ic k le a v e
p r o v is io n s , D a lla s ,- T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
P L A N T WORKERS

O FFICE WOR KER S

S ic k le a v e p r o v is io n
AU
,
industries

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities

L

Retail trade

Finance 1
3
2
4

AU
industries

.

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

RetaU trade

T y p e and a m ou n t o f p a id s ic k le a v e
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly — C o n tin u ed
G ra d u a te d p la n 56 A f t e r 10 y e a r s o f
—
7
s e r v i c e — C on tin u ed
W aitinpr p e r i o d

_ _

F u ll

pay

Fu ll

p a y p in s p a rtia l

...

.

.........

p a y ...........

P a r t i a l p a y o n ly ______________________________

5.2
1.3

2.6
1.2

2.5

4.7

7.1

4.5
3.5

_

4.7

_

1.0

4.8
.3
2.5

2.1
_
2.1

9.9
2.3
7.6

6.1

3.8

2.4

16.9

2.5

7.1

2.0

8.1
8.1

P r o v is io n s f o r a c c u m u la tio n
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts h a v in g
p r o v is io n s f o r a c c u m u la tio n
of unused

sick

leave

10.1

20.2

9.2

9.0

1 In c lu d e s d a ta f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s shfiwn s e p a r a t e ly .
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te .
4 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s try d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
5 " U n if o r m p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o s e f o r m a l p la n s u n d er w h ic h an e m p lo y e e , a ft e r 1 y e a r o f s e r v i c e , is e n title d to th e s a m e n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a id s ic k le a v e e a c h y e a r .
"G r a d u a te d
p la n s " a r e d e fin e d as th o s e fo r m a l p la n s u n d er w h ic h an e m p lo y e e 's le a v e v a r i e s a c c o r d in g to la n gth o f s e r v i c e .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e a r b i t r a r i l y c h o sen .
E s t im a t e s r e f l e c t p r o v is io n s
a p p lic a b le at th e s ta te d le n g th o f s e r v i c e but do not r e f l e c t p r o v is io n s f o r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, tXe p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e a ft e r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v i c e m a y a ls o r e c e i v e th is
a m ou n t a f t e r g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r le n g th s o f s e r v ic e .
6 M a y in c lu d e p r o v is io n s o th e r than th o s e p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .
N u m b e r s o f d a ys sh ow n u n d er " F u l l p a y plu s p a r t ia l p a y " a r e d ays f o r w h ic h w o r k e r s r e c e i v e s ic k le a v e at fu ll p a y;
w o r k e r s a r e e n title d to a d d itio n a l d a ys o f s ic k le a v e at p a r t ia l p ay.
7 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.




23
T able B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s,
b y ty p e o f p lan , D a lla s , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
P L A N T W ORKERS

O FF ICE W ORKERS

T y p e o f p la n
AU
,
industries

A l l w o r k e r s ------ ------------------------------

— ---------

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
p r o f it - s h a r in g p la n s -----------------------------------------------P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e f e r r e d
r |i p f T'-iJ-nifi

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r b o th c u r r e n t
and

d eferred

d istrib u tion

100

100

19

18

1
1
6

15

Public
utilities 1
3
2

100
!

3

Finance4

All
industries 5

Manufacturing

100

100

100

100

60

14

23

27

Retail trade

3

-

1

60

14

1

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m e th o d o f d is t r ib u t io n ---------------------------- -----W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s .....
.

Manufacturing

( 6)
_

81

21

82

100

Retail trade

100

2

31

2

31

6

19

Public 3
utilities

1

_

99

40

86

77

73

98

69

1 T h e s tu d y w a s lim it e d to fo r m a l p la n s ( l ) h a v in g e s t a b lis h e d fo r m u la s f o r the a llo c a t io n o f p r o f it s h a r e s a m o n g e m p lo y e e s ; (2 ) w h o s e fo r m u la s w e r e c o m m u n ic a te d to the e m p lo y e e s in
a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m in a t io n o f p r o fit s ; (3 ) th at r e p r e s e n t a c o m m itm e n t b y the c o m p a n y to m a k e p e r io d ic c o n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4 ) in w h ic h e l i g i b i l i t y e x te n d s to a m a jo r it y o f the
o f f ic e o r p la n t w o r k e r s .
2 In c lu d e s d ata f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e and s e r v i c e s in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 F i n a n c e , insurance, a n d real estate.
5 In c lu d e s data f o r w h o le s a le t r a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v i c e s , in a d d itio n to th o s e in d u s tr y d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a t e ly .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.







Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year; data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

25




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other puiposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
O FF IC E
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ,, which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ,, which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment’s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
27

28

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Prim ry duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but. in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duries.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPFRATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers’ orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

29

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woric.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. (’’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for c alls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical woric may take the major part of this woiker's time while at
switchboard*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued
specific instructions* May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations*

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include woiking supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams* The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Suck
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established* May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine*
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc *, with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from tanscribing-machine records* May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by anpther person* May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes* May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail*
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing* May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B* Performs one or more of the following? Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

31

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A, Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair puiposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Woik may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other puiposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter* s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




32

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’ s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

33

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of' an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the followings Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprentices!dp or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following?
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber*s snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

34

TOOL AND DIE MAKER-Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker* s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

M O VE M EN T

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woiking areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

35

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woric requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are

qsslH
flgd-

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salarie s for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job an aly sts, directors of
personnel, managers of office serv ices, and clerical employees.
Order a s B L S Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d below . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a t e s o f e a r l i e r s t u d i e s , and the p r i c e s of the b u l l e ti n s i s
a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e r in te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W ashin gton , D. C. , 20402,
o r f r o m any of the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the i n s i d e fron t c o v e r .
A rea

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_____________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
_________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1__________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.-N . J. , Feb. 1964 1
__
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_________________ _____ ______
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963__________________________
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex., May 1964 1
_____________
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1
_______________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
_________________________
Boston, Mass., Oct. 1964 1
___________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430- 1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
30

Buffalo, N.Y. , Dec. 1963____________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964__________________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1______________
_____________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
_________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 ____________
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641____________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1____________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19641_________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641__________________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

25cents
20cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
25cents
30cents
25cents
30 cents
30cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1964 1______________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1964 1______________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1_______________
Denver, Colo., Dec. 19631
_____________
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1_________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964______________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 1_________
Green Bay, Wis., Aug. 1964 1__________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1___________
Houston, Tex., June 1964 1_____________
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1________________________
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1964 1__________________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1 _ ______________
_
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.— H. , June 1964 1_______
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1_____
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , Mar. 1964 1
_________
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964______________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1
___________________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1____________ ______ ____
Memphis, Tenn., Jan. 1964 1_________________________

1 4 3 0 - 2 5 , 30 c e n ts

B u l l e t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

M i a m i , F l a . , D e c . 1963 1___________________
M i l w a u k e e , W is. , A p r. 1 9 6 4 _______________
M i n n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , Minn. , J a n . 1964
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1964 1______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1964 1____________
New H ave n , C o n n . , J a n . 1964 1__________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 4 ___________________________
New Y o r k , N. Y. , A p r. 1964 1___________________________
N o r fo lk — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o rt N e w s —
P
H a m pton , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 4 ______________________________
O k l a h o m a C ity , O k la. , Aug. 1964 1______________________

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

Om aha, N e b r. —
Iow a, Oct. 1964__________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1964 1____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , Nov. 1963 1____________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1964 1_____________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1964_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N ov. 1964_____________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g. — a s h . , M a y 1964 1_____________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t , R. I. — a s s . , M a y 1 9 6 4 ________
P
M
R a l e i g h , N. C. , Se p t . 1964_______________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , Nov. 1964_______________________________

1430-17,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
13 8 5 - 6 7 ,
1385-65,
1 4 3 0 -6 ,
1430-19»

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20
20
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1385-60,
1430-22,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25
30
20
20

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

14 3 0 -8 ,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
14 3 0 -9 ,

20
25
25
25
20
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts

]430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
20
30
25
25
25
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents

1430-20,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

25
25
25
25
25
30
25
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

R o c k f o r d , 111., A p r. 1 9 6 4 1_______________________________
S t . L o u i s , M o . - H I . , Oct. 1964 1_________________________
S a l t L a k e C ity , U ta h , D e c . 1 9 6 3 _________________________
S a n A ntonio, T e x . , Ju n e 1964____________________________
San B e rn a rd in o — iv e r s id e — n tario , C alif. ,
R
O
S e p t . 1964---------------------------------------------------------------S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1964 1___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1964 1____________
O
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1964 1_______________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , Aug. 1964________________________________
S e a t t l e , W ash. , S e p t . 1964_______________________________

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964---------------------------South Bend, Ind. , Mar. 1964 1________________________
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_____________________________
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963____________________________
Washington, D. C.-Md.-Va. , Oct. 1964 1
______________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1_______________________
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 _________________________
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1__________________________
Worcester, Mass., June 1964 1
________________________
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1_______________________________

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

A rea

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts
cents
cents
c e n ts

1 3 8 5 - 7 7 , 20 c e n ts
1 4 3 0 - 5 , 25 c e n ts


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102