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E3*

Occupational Wage Survey
FORT WORTH, TEXAS
NOVEMBER 1964
.TARRANT

Fort Worth

r
N

Bulletin No. 1430-24




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU O F LABO R STA TIST IC S
Ewon C la gu e , Com m iitioner




O ccupational Wage Survey
FORT WORTH, TEXAS




NOVEMBER 1964

Bulletin No. 1430-24
January 1965

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Ewan Clague, Commissioner
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Prefaee

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
‘occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions-. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is
the need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages
by occupational category and skill level, and (2) the struc­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Introduction______ ______________________________________________________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups__________________________
Tables:
1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied--------------------------------------------------------------2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
change for selected periods____________________________________

3

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for women office w orkers____ 12
B-2. Shift differentials_________________________________________ 13
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours___________________________________ 14
B-4. Paid holidays______________________________________________ 15
B-5. Paid vacations____________________________________________ 16
B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans_____________________ 19
B-7. Paid sick lea ve___________________________________________ 20
B-8. Profit-sharing plans______________________________________ 21

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program. Information on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each area. Information on establishment prac­
tices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained bien­
nially in most of the areas.




3

A. Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women________________________ 5
A-2. Professional and technical occupations—
men and women__
7
A -3. Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined________________________________ 8
9
A -4. Maintenance and power plant occupations__________________
A-5. Custodial and material movement occupations____________ 10

At the end of each survey, an individual area bul­
letin presents survey results for each area studied. After
completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summary bulletin is issued.
The firs t part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Fort Worth, Tex., in November 1964. It was prepared in
,the Bureau's regional office in Atlanta, Ga., by William L.
Dansby, under the direction of Donald M. Cruse, Regional
Wage Analyst.

1
4

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational descriptions____________________________ 23
B. Occupational descriptions________ -______________________________ 25

areas.

m

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)




Occupational Wage Survey—Fort Worth, Tex.
Introduction
This area is 1 of 82 in which the U.S. Department of Labor*s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and related wage benefits on an areawide basis. In this area, data
were obtained by personal visits of Bureau field economists to rep­
resentative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manu­
facturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities;
wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services. Major industry groups excluded from these studies are
government operations and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are
omitted because they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the
occupations studied to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are
provided for each of the broad industry divisions which meet pub­
lication criteria.

schedules (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which straight-time
salaries are paid; average weekly earnings for these occupations have
been rounded to the nearest half dollar.
The averages presented reflect composite, areawide estimates.
Industries and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing and,
thus, contribute differently to the estimates for each job. The pay
relationship obtainable from the averages may fail to reflect accurately
the wage spread or differential maintained among jobs in individual
establishments. Similarly, differences in average pay levels for men
and women in any of the selected occupations should not be assumed to
reflect differences in pay treatment of the sexes within individual es­
tablishments. Other possible factors which may contribute to differ­
ences in pay for men and women include: Differences in progression
within established rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid in­
cumbents are collected; and differences in specific duties performed,
although the workers are appropriately classified within the same
survey job description. Job descriptions used in classifying employees
in these surveys are usually more generalized than those used in
individual establishments and allow for minor differences among es­
tablishments in the specific duties performed.

These surveys are conducted on a sample basis because of
the unnecessary cost involved in surveying all establishments. To
obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of
large than of small establishments is studied. In combining the data,
however, all establishments are given their appropriate weight. Es­
timates based on the establishments studied are presented, therefore,
as relating to all establishments in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the minimum size studied.

Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all
establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually
surveyed. Because of differences in occupational structure among es­
tablishments, the estimates of occupational employment obtained from
the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative
importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational
structure do not materially affect the accuracy of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are common to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the
following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and material move­
ment. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job
descriptions designed to take account of inter establishment variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected for study
are listed and described in appendix B. Earnings data for some of
the occupations listed and described are not presented in the A -series
tables because either ( l ) employment in the occupation is too small
to provide enough data to merit presentation, or (2) there is possi­
bility of disclosure of individual establishment data.

Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Information is presented (in the B -series tables) on selected
establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions as they
relate to office and plant workers. Administrative, executive, and
professional employees, and force-account construction workers who
are utilized as a separate work force are excluded. "Office workers"
include working supervisors and non sup ervisory workers performing
clerical or related functions. "Plant workers" include working fo re­
men and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and trainees)
engaged in nonoffice functions. Cafeteria workers and routemen are
excluded in manufacturing industries, but included in nonmanufactur­
ing industries.

Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for
full-time workers, i. e. , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational classification. Earnings data exclude pre­
mium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reported, as for office clerical occupations, reference is to the work




Minimum entrance salaries (table B -l) relate only to the es­
tablishments visited. They are presented in terms of establishments
with formal minimum entrance salary policies.
1

2
Shift differential data (table B-2) are limited to plant workers
in manufacturing industries.
This information is presented both in
terms of ( l ) establishment policy, 1 presented in terms of total plant
worker employment, and (2) effective practice, presented in terms of
workers actually employed on the specified shift at the time of the
survey. In establishments having varied differentials, the amount
applying to a majority was used or, if no amount applied to a majority,
the classification "other" was used. In establishments in which some
late-shift hours are paid at normal rates, a differential was recorded
only if it applied to a majority of the shift hours.
The scheduled weekly hours (table B-3) of a majority of the
first-shift workers in an establishment are tabulated as applying to
all of the plant or office workers of that establishment. Paid holidays;
paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plans; and profit-sharing
plans (tables B-4 through B-8) are treated statistically on the basis
that these are applicable to all plant or office workers if a majority
of such workers are eligible or may eventually qualify for the prac­
tices listed. Sums of individual items in tables B-2 through B-8 may
not equal totals because of rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B-4) are limited to data on
holidays granted annually on a form al basis; i. e . , (1) are provided
for in written form, or (2) have been established by custom. Holidays
ordinarily granted are included even though they may fall on a non­
workday, even if the worker is not granted another day off. The first
part of the paid holidays table presents the number of whole and half
holidays actually granted. The second part combines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e.
The summary of vacation plans (table B-5) is limited to
formal policies, excluding informal arrangements whereby time off
with pay is granted at the discretion of the employer. Separate
estimates are provided according to employer practice in computing
vacation payments, such as time payments, percent of annual earnings,
or flat-sum amounts. However, in the tabulations of vacation pay,
payments not on a time basis were converted to a time basis; for
example, a payment of 2 percent of annual earnings was considered
as the equivalent of 1 week's pay.
Data are presented for all health, insurance, and pension
plans (tables B-6 and B-7) for which at least a part of the cost is
borne by the employer, excepting only legal requirements such as
workmen's compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
Such plans include those underwritten by a commercial insurance

company and those provided through a union fund or paid directly by
the employer out of current operating funds or from a fund set aside
for this purpose. Death benefits are included as a form of life
insurance.
Sickness and accident insurance is limited to that type of
insurance under which predetermined cash payments are made directly
to the insured on a weekly or monthly basis during illness or accident
disability.
Information is presented for all such plans to which the
employer contributes. However, in New York and New Jersey, which
have enacted temporary disability insurance laws which require em­
ployer contributions, 2 plans are included only if the employer (1) con­
tributes more than is legally required, or (2) provides the employee
with benefits which exceed the requirements of the law. Tabulations
of paid sick leave plans are limited to formal plans3 which provide
full pay or a proportion of the worker's pay during absence from work
because of illness. Separate tabulations are presented according to
(1) plans which provide full pay and no waiting period, and (2) plans
which provide either partial pay or a waiting period.
In addition
to the presentation of the proportions of workers who are provided
sickness and accident insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of workers who receive either or both types of benefits.
Catastrophe insurance, sometimes referred to as extended
medical insurance, includes those plans which are designed to protect
employees in case of sickness and injury involving expenses beyond
the normal coverage of hospitalization, medical, and surgical plans.
Medical insurance refers to plans providing for complete or partial
payment of doctors' fees. Such plans may be underwritten by com­
m ercial insurance companies or nonprofit organizations or they may
be self-insured. Tabulations of retirement pension plans are limited
to those plans that provide monthly payments for the remainder of
the worker's life.
Profit-sharing plans (table B-8) are limited to formal plans
with definite formulas for computing profit shares to be distributed
among employees and whose formulas were communicated to em­
ployees in advance of the determination of profits. Data are presented
according to provisions for distributing profit shares to employees;
(1) Current or cash distribution of profit shares within a short period
after determination of profits; (2) deferred distribution of profit shares
after a specified number of years or at retirement; (3) combination
current and deferred plans; and (4) elective distribution plans, under
which each participant is required to select whether to take his share
of the current yea r's profit in cash, have it deferred, or part in cash
and part deferred.

1
An establishment was considered as having a policy if it m et eilher of the following
2 The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
conditions: (1 ) Operated late shifts at the time o f the survey, or (2 ) had formal provisions covering
contributions.
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1 ) had operated late
3 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2 ) had provisions in written form for operating
minimum number o f days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
late shifts.
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s tu d ied in F o r t W o r th , T e x . , 1 b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1964

Manufacturing .

_
„

___
__

Within
scope of
study 3

Studied

415

131

95, 500

17,000

58,700

64,610

50
~

154
261

49
82

50,300
45,200

7,500
9,500

30,600
28,100

36,660
27,950

50
50
50
50
50

39
53
93
35
41

20
13
25
11
13

11, 000
6,000
20,700
3,800
3,700

2, 200
(*)
( 6)
n
( 6)

5,800
(6)
( 6)
(7)
( 6)

9,680
1,810
12,670
2, 160
1,630

„
_____

Workers in establishments

_

Industry division

A ll divisions______

Number of establishments

Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

____ __ ____

__ __

Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilities5 ________________________________
Wholesale tra d e________________________________________
Retail trade_______________ _________ ________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate__________________
S e rv ice s8 _________________________ __ ___
_______

Within scope of study

Studied

Office

T o ta l4

Plant

Total 4

1 The Fort Worth Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea consists of Johnson and Tarrant Counties. The "w orkers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide a reasonably
accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. The estimates are not intended, however, to serve as a basis of comparison with other employment
indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period
studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded for the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll outlets (within the area) of companies in such industriesas trade, finance,
auto repair
service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes executive, professional, and other workers excluded from the separate office and plant categories.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for " a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, and for "a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sample was
not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Workers from this entire industry division are represented in estimates for "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables, but from the real estateportion only
in
estimates for " a ll industries" in the Series B tables. Separate presentation of data for this
division is not made for one or more of the reasons given in footnote 6
above.
8 Hotels; personal services; business services; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural services.




Table 2.

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Fort Worth, Tex. ,
November 1964 and November 1963, and percents of change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(November 1960*100)

Industry and occupational group

Percents of change1

November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November I960 November 1959
to
to
to
to
to
November 1964 November 1963
November 1964 November 1963 November 1962 November 1961 November I960

A ll industries:
Office cle rica l (men and w om en)----Industrial nurses (men and women)—
Skilled maintenance (men)-------- _ _
Unskilled plant (m en )---------------------

116.0
109. 7
115. 2
112.4

Manufacturing:
Office cle rica l (men and wom en)----Industrial nurses (men and women)—
Skilled maintenance (men)___________
Unskilled plant (m en)________________

114. 3
105. 8

( 3)

no. o

1
8
6
6

4. 3
2.7
5. 0
3.4

4. 1
2. 3
3. 5
3. 7

3.0
4.9
2. 5
1. 1

3.6
2. 5
3.4
3. 6

4. 3
.5
3. 8
0

( 3)
106.6
109. 2
106. 0

( 3)
3. 1
4. 6
2_ 1

( 3)
2. 3
3. 2
2.9

3.2
4. 8
2. 1
2 l. 0
-

3.8
2. 5
3. 6
4. 0

6. 5
1.0
3.4
3.9

111.
106.
109.
108.

Unless otherwise indicated, all are increases.
This decline largely reflects employment changes within and between high- and low-wage establishments rather than wage decreases.
Data do not meet publication criteria.

4
W age Trends for Selected O ccupational G roups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial nurses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerical workers and industrial nurses, the p er­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for normal hours
of work, that is, the standard work schedule for which straight-time
salaries are paid. For plant worker groups, they measure changes
in average straight-time hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude most of the numerically important jobs within each group.
The office clerical data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerks, accounting,
class A and B; clerks, file , class A, B, and C; clerks, order; clerks,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, class A and B;
office boys and girls; secretaries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses. Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; machinists; m e­
chanics; mechanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die makers; unskilled—janitors, porters, and cleaners; and laborers,
material handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other. The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change measure', principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay levels.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and earn in gs fo r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a re a b a sis
by in d u stry d iv is io n , F o r t W orth, T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
woikers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
$

(

Under
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

40

$
45

$

$

50

55

$
60

3

$

65

70

t

76

i

$

*

80

85

50

$
55

(

100

$

i

105

11C

$
115

5

$

120

125

$

13C

and
under

*

40

45

135
and

60

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

55

12

12
3
5
7

125

13C

135

over

1
1
1

15
3
12
12

11
11
-

11
37
4
“

“

4
4
~

4
4
~

1
1
~

1
1
~

“

4
4

7
~

l
~

1
”

11
8
3

4
3
l

5
2
3

6
3
2

12
1C
2

2
2

3
3

7
6
l

2
1
l

-

-

-

~

~

“

~

ICC

IC5

110

115

12C

3
3
3

14
6
9
6

19
5
14
13

13
4
5
5

1C
6
4
~

17
3
14

8
l
7

8
6
2

2
2

2
2

7
6

-

-

-

“

~

“

5
4

l
~

16
7
9

5
3
2

3
3

4
2
2

MN
E
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

148
44
104
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .5 0
120 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
1 03.00

$
1 0 6 .5 0
l 19.50
1 0 1.00
106 .0 0

8 9 . 5 0 - t 2 4 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 1 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

60
26
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 7 .0 0
104.00
9 2 .0 0

9 5 .5 0
103.00
9 4 .0 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 - 9 9 .0 0

CLERKS, OROER ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

56
43

4 0 .5
4 0 .0

9 4 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 4 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 1 1 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 3 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NGNMANUF ACTU'R I N G ---------------------------

103
41
62

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

5 5 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

5 2 .5 0 - 6 2 .5 0
5 1 . 5C- 5 5 .5 0
5 3 .5 0 - 6 8 .5 0

TABULATING-MACEINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

79
38
41

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 9 .0 0 110.00
1 1 6.00 1 1 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0

TABULATING-MACEINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

66
29
37

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 0 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACEINF OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

9 0 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

1 0 0 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0
1 C 6 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

7 5 .C 0-105.5C
8 8 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

34
29

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

6 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

5 7 . 5C- 7 1 .5 0
5 6 .0 0 - 6 8 .5 0

BILLE R S, MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

52
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

41
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 6 .5 0
5 4 .5 0

5 8 .5 0
5 5 .0 0

4 7 .0 0 - 6 5 .5 0
4 6 .5 0 - 6 3 .5 0

BOOKKFEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

57
39

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

6 6 .0 0
6 4 .5 0

6 1 .5 0 6 0 .5 0 -

BCCKKEEPING-MACEINE OPERATORS,
CLASS 8 ---------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r in g -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

111
29
82

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 4 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 2 .0 0

6 4 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

5 8 .5 0 - 6 9 .0 0
6 5 .0 0 - 7 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0 - 6 7 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

219
104
115
35

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 3 .0 0
100 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
100 .5 0

9 2 .5 0
110 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
9 9 .5 0

7 4 .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0

8

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

-

2

8
3

6
4

10
3

12
5

-

2
?

“

-

-

6
4
?

1
1

2
2

2
l

“

_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

"

2
2

8
8

3
l

16
16

-

-

2
2

_
-

1
1

52
31
21

18
6
12

11
3
8

6
6

l
1

4
4

3
l
2

6

_

1

-

1
1

_

_

_

_

~

_

”

”

~

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

~

3
3

_

_

2
2

4
4

4
4

~

6
6

11
11

5 4 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0
5 3 .5 0 - 8 6 .5 0

B ILLE R S, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

2

-

10

1

-

6

3

_

10

3

_

-

~

10

4
l
3

1
1

1?
1
11

1
1

9
3
6

6
5
l

1C
4
6

6
6

~

_

~

?
?

6
6

5
5

8
8

4
4

4

11
7

1
~

~

10
6

3
“

7
2

6
6

2
2

3
3

9
9

5

2
2

1
l

2

3

8
8

20
14

6
6

4
2

2
2

1
1

5

23

26
3
23

31
11
20

8
8

8
7
1

_

_

-

-

5
5

12
10

41
7
34

11
7
4
3

11
9
2

-

4
4
'

'

-

WCMEN

S ee footn otes at end o f table.




8 7 .5 0
75 .0 0

_
“

_

_

_

“

“

~

1
1

3
3

7
2
5

_

_

_

-

l

-

-

-

-

1

_

_
-

2

21

2

*

2?

1
21
4

3
3

13
5
8
2

4
4

9
4

_

_

"

2
2

_

_

_

"

"

"

"

_
-

_
-

_
-

4
4
4

6
l
4

-

_

1

_

_

_

_

-

l

-

-

-

-

20
1C
10
10

5
7

14
4

2
2

10

47
47
-

4
4
-

-

10

_

_
'

-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, F o rt Worth, Tex., Novem ber 1964)
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
’standard]

M ean2

M edian2

Middle range2

A

$

*
40
Under
and
1
under
40
45

46

%

$
50

55

t
60

*

%
65

70

S
75

S

S
80

85

S
SC

S

)

*
95

IOC

105

$
110

S

$
115

120

%
125

S
130

135
and

6C

65

60

65

70

76

80

85

90

S5

ICO

105

10

97
l
96

76
33
43

58
7
51

43
12
31

24
9
15

31
11
20

41
1
40

16
15

13
7
6

15
5
1C

8

3
2

-

_

_

6
6

_

125

13C

135

over

-

-

-

1
1
~

•

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

1
1

110

115

12C

3

5
1
4

l
1

3
-

-

~

-

_
-

«CMr>| - C C n TIMM'-)
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NQNYANUFACTUR I K G ---------------------------

506
109
39 1

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 0 .5

$
7 0 .6 0
78 .0 0
6 8 .6 0

$
6 6 .0 0
7 4 .OC
6 4 .5 0

$
5 8 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 5 7 . OC-

$
8 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

CLERKS, F IL E , CLASS S ----------------------NONMAN'JEACTUR U G --------------------------

5C
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 .5 0
5 8 .o r

5 3 .5 0
5 3 .5 0

5 0 .5 0 - 5 9 .5 0
5 0 .6 0 - 6 9 .0 0

CLERKS# F IL E , CLASS C ----------------------NJNMANUFACTURINC ---------------------------

225
201

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 3 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

5 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

CLERKS, (')RCER ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNW
ANUEACTUR I \ G ---------------------------

121
35
86

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 9 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 6 . OC

CLFRKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

147
56
91

4 0 .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

CGMPTOMtTER OPERATORS ----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

133
65
66

4C .0
4C .0
4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------MiNMANUF ACTUR I N C --------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I I IES4-----------------------

161
73
88
27

4 0 . C 8 5 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .5 0
4 0 . C 7 0 .5 0
4 0 .0
8 1 .0 0

“

10
10

21
21

4 9 .0 0 - 5 8 .5 0
4 8 .6 0 - 5 9 .0 0

_

6
6

61
61

76
54

39
39

42
40

6 6 .0 0
74 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

6 2 . OC- 7 8 .0 0
6 9 .5 0 - 8 3 .5 0
6 1 .0 0 - 7 2 .0 0

_
-

3
3

-

2
2

6
6

46
46

7 8 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0

7 3 .0 0
79 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 - 8 7 .5 0
6 8 .0 0 - 9 7 .0 0
6 4 . OC- 8 4 .0 0

_
-

_
-

?
2

5
5

7
3
4

7 0 .0 0
74 .6 0
6 5 .5 0

6 4 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
5 9 .0 0

5 6 . 5C- 8 5 .5 0
5 9 .0 0 - 9 1 .5 0
5 4 .5 0 - 7 7 .0 0

-

1
1

2
-

2

18
2
16

37
18
19

8 7.0C
6 8 .0 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
1C6.00 1 0 1 .0 0 -1 0 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0 - 79 .0 0
6 9 .6 0
7 3 .0 0 - 8 8 .0 0
7 9.00

-

-

15
-

1

8

4C.C
4 C .0
4 0 .0

76 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
6 6 .6 0

7 3 . 5C
9 1 . 5C
6 5 .5 0

6 3 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
5 9 . OC- 7 3 .0 0

CFFICE GIRLS --------------------------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u k in g --------------------------

74
45

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

6 7 . CC
5 7 . OC

5 9 .0 0
5 4 .0 0

SECRETARIES ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUfACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 4 -----------------------

695
301
394
94

4 0 .0
9 2 .0 0
4 0 . C 1 0 3 .0 0
4 0 .0
8 4 .0 0
4 0 .0
9 6 .5 0

9 0 .5 0
1 1 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
9 8 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 9 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

stenographers,

461
291
96

4 0 .0
4 0 .C
4 0 .C

8 1 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
8 0 . 5C

8 0 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 - 9 7 .0 0
6 3 .5 0 - 8 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 8 9 .0 0

-

25
11
14

24
5
19

7
5
2

13
4
9

10
8
2

3
2
1

19
10
9

H
2
4

l

8
~

18
1
17
4

13
l
12
5

10

-

22
7
15

31
8
23

31
10
21

-

1

_
-

_
-

13
8
5

9
9

6
4
2

_
-

5
l
4

2
2
-

-

5
5
-

4
l
3

5
4
*

16
8
8

6
4
2

4
4

_

_

_

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

5
1
4
l

12
4
8
8

5
5

-

2

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

*

11
8
3
3

-

-

7
5
2
-

48
48

10
6

-

~

*9
21
17

20
10
10

10
2
8

9
5
4

ie
18

27
27

32
32

1
1

2
2

-

-

_

-

_
-

_

-

-

l
-

-

21
5

6

-

31
29
2
1

52
39
13
6

67
65
2
2

4
2
2
2

8
7
1
1

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

1

_

7
7

??.
21

11
ll

5
-

1
l

6
1
5
-

4?
2
41

52
20
32
~

71
21
50
2

39
13
26
9

74
14
60
5

56
9
47
16

63
34
29
3

55
9
46
21

30
6
24
15

32
21
11
11

21
15
-

65
61
10

50
40
9

39
39
16

45
37
t6

35
28
8

25
24
17

32
9
5

58
15
5

77
9
9

l
l
l

-

1

2

8

12

7

-

5

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
-

_

_

-

-

_
-

13
13

-

-

-

-

3

3

2

3

4

2

5

3
3

30
30

13
13

3
3

22
18

3
3

5
4

l
-

2
2

2
-

_

_

-

19
9
10

14
3
11

32
20
12

26
14
12

35
16
19

6
5
l

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
~

-

6

-

-

2
2
-

10
10

-

1 0 0 .0 0

8 C .5 0 -1 1 0 .5 0

-

5 6 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

5 3 .5 0
5 1 .5 0

4 7 .0 0 - 6 4 .5 0
4 6 .5 0 - 6 3 .5 0

6 1?
12

SbITCHPCARO O PERATOR-RcCEPTICM STSMANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

138
67
71

4C .5
4 0 .0
4 1 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 - 7 2 .0 0
6 1 .0 0 - 7 1 .5 0
5 8 .5 0 - 7 2 .5 0

-

TABULAT INC—MACE INE OPERA TCRS,
CLASS A -----------------------------------------------

27

3 9 .0

118.00

1 3 0 .5 0

IC C .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

-

-

-

_

_

_




21
5
16

4
4

-

93.5C

See footnotes at end of table.

_
-

-

4C.C

5 4 .0 0 - 6 3 .5 0
5 3 .0 0 - 6 2 .0 0

22
10
12

23
6
17

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

5 8 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

7
7

-

1

45

6 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

13
to
3

1

-

106
98

4 0 .C
4C .0

17
10
7

1

~

-

CLASS A5-------

223
145

~

_

-

15

l
1

8

-

-

SMTCH9CARD OPERATORS, CLASS R5------NON^ANUFAC T U R IN G --------------------------

TRANSCRIB INC-MACH INE CPERATCKS,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------

*

6
6
-

5 2 .5 0 - 8 7 .0 0
5 1 . OC- 5 8 .0 0

SMTCFBCARC OPERATORS,

_

-

I
*

265
149
116

--------------------NONMANUFACTURING - - ----------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------

57
4
53

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONVANUFACTURING ---------------------------

general

10

-

-

~

~

73
63

56
38

55
24

15
8

14
7

2
1

_

9
9
-

-

_
-

6

4
2

2
-

2
2

-

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, F o rt Worth, Tex., Novem ber 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
woricers

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly

Under

(standard)

Mean2

*
40

Middle range 2

Median2

*

$
45

40

*

*
50

55

%

S
65

60

t
70

t

%
75

80

%

S
85

90

S
95

$
to o

$
105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

and
under

135

and
50

45

55

60

65

70

75

HO

85

90

95

ICC

105

110

115

12C

125

130

135

over

12
6
6
-

24
24

54
12
4?

62
6?
13

34
34
14

12
2
10
4

25
[
24

12
6
6
2

ll
10
l
1

15
13
2
2

13
13

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

136
47
89

84
9
75
16

76
4
72

22
3

24
14

19

7

6
6
6

-

19

8
6
2
l

WOMEN - CONTINUFO
TYPISTS, CLASS A --------MANUFACTURING --------NCNMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC UTILITIES4----

274
63
211
45

4 0 .0
4 0 *0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
72.CC
8 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

$
6 9 .0 0
5 2 .5 0
6 7 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

$
6 3 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 -

$
8 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0
73 .5 0
7 4 . 5C

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING -----PUBLIC UTILITIES4----

406
80
328
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

5 6 . 0C
5 4 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

5 2 .0 0 - 6 2 .5 0
5 2 .0 0 - 6 6 .0 0
5 2 .0 0 - 6 2 . CO
5 9 .0 0 - 7 1 .0 0

—
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

44

-

-

-

7

-

44

1

9

1

10
10

-

l

1

-

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn in gs c o rre s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 Th e m ean is com puted f o r each jo b b y to ta lin g the ea rn in gs o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m edian d esign a tes p o sitio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u rv e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
than the ra te shown; h a lf r e c e iv e le s s than the ra te shown.
T h e m id d le ran ge is d efin ed by 2 ra te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s ea rn le s s than the lo w e r of th ese ra te s and a fou rth ea rn m o re than
the h igh er ra te .
* W o rk e rs w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 3 at $140 to $145; 1 at $145 to $150; 1 at $150 to $155; 1 at $155 to $160; and 1 at $165 to $170.
4 T ra n s p o rta tio n , com m u n ication , and oth er pu blic u tilitie s .
5 D e s c rip tio n f o r this occupation has been r e v is e d sin ce the la s t s u rv e y in this a rea .
S ee appendix A .
6 W o rk e rs w e r e d istrib u ted as fo llo w s : 6 at under $30; and 6 at $30 to $35.

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs f o r s e le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a sis
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , F o r t W orth , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
wodcers

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
t

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

t
1

1
\

i
1

t

i;

<
i

t

MEN

70

76

80

86

30

65

Sex, occupation, and in d u stry d iv is io n

65

70

75

8C

85

90

56

-

-

-

5
5

4
-

-

60
M ean2

$

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

i
115

120

115

12C

23
20

3

14
9
5
-

p i"

105

110

1r 5

i in

$

$

>

$

125

130

135

14C

125

13C

135

140

145

22

2

-

3

2
2

4

3

~

~

-

-

-

and
under

$

CRAFTSMEN, CLASS 63---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

ICC
71
29

4 0 .0 I I I . 00 1 1 4 .5 0
4 0 . C 116 .5 0 1 1 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
4 0 .0

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3--------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

124
92

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 - IC 3 .5 0
8 0 .C 0 -1 C 8 .6 0

1
-

10
5

32

4C.G
4 0 .0

113 .5 0
116.00

1 2 1 .5 0
122 .0 0

9 P .C C - i2 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 9 - 1 2 4 .SO

-

I C 6 . 5 0 -1 2 2 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0

*.

1
t
95

12
-

12

cf

ll
9

~
U

14

4

“

-

7

7

?

7

-

7
4

Id

3

14
14

11
10

7
7

8

-

3
3

-

8

21
1
1
2
1
2

1
1

-

4

“

*c;*en
NURSFS, INCU STH AL IR F G IS T F R F C ) MANUFACTURING -----------------

29

-

l

-

l
1

t
1

2

-

16
15

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the ea rn in gs co rre s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 F o r d efin itio n o f te r m s , s ee footn ote 2, ta b le A - l .
J D e s c rip tio n fo r th is occupation has been r e v is e d sin ce the la s t s u rv e y in th is a re a .
See appendix A .




-

"

4
4

i

1

_

”

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, F o rt Worth, T e x ., Novem ber 1964)
Average

Average
Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

161
73
27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .C
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -----------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------

266
ISO
116

4C .0
4 0 .C
4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
6 6 .5 0

OFriCF. »GYS ANC GIRLS---m a n l f a c t u k i n g -------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-

177

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SECRETARIES -----------------MANUFACTURING --------NCNMANUFACTL'iUAG —
PUBLIC UT 1 IT1FS 2
1

7CS
305
404

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .C

461
291

BILLERS, MACHINE lCUOKKFFP ING
MACHINE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

43
37

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 4 .5 0

57
39

4 0 .5

120

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

91

4 C .0

6 4 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

40. C
.
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 C .0

9 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .4 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 2 . OC

4 0 .5
4 C .0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

7 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 8 . 5C

SWI TCHPUARC J P E R A T P R S ,

49

4 0 .0

367
148
219

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS H
MANLFACTUR I N C -----------------N0NVANUFACTU3ING ------------PUBLIC UT IL I T IE S 2---------

566
135

CLERKS,

ORCt-R

-----------—

m a n u f a c t u r in g

N C K M A N U F A C T U R INC,
CLERKS, PAYROLL ----MANUFACTURING --NCNMANUF ACT U1 ING
'

ea

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C.0

86
34
52

4 0 .C
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
8 8 . 5C
9 8 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

5C
44

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

101

431

86

5C

4 1 .0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE CPERATCR S ,
GENERAL ----------------------------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

223
145

4 0 .C
4 0 .0

6 0 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

LS
?

4 0 .0
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

15«
60

40.5
4 0 .0

177
48

4 1 .C

5 3 .5 0
54. (0
7 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

70
1C7

6 2 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURINC ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 --------------------------------

274
63
211
45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4C.C

7 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

28

9 2 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS 8 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-----------------------

411
80
331
64

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

5 7 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 7 . 5C
6 6 .5 0

102

96

Cl ASS A3

45

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SViITCHACARO O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S O 3----N C in v AN U p A C TU 3 I ' - C -------------------

107
99

4 1 .5
4 1 .5

SWITCHBCARC U P H A I C R - h C C E P T I C M S T S M A N U F A C T U B I N G ----------------------NCNRAMjE AC TU* I N C --------------------------

144
67
77

4 0 .6
4 0 .C
4 1 .0

102
72
3C

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 6 .6 0
9 8 .0 0

106

4 0 .0
4 0 .C
3 9 .5

7 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

TABULATING-,VACE IM- f.PT
CLASS A ----------------------MANLFACTURINC --------NGNMANUFACTURING —

TOPS,

125
92
33

4 C .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 . 5C
9 4 .0 0
7 7 . 5C

53
53

33
30

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

8 1 . OC
73 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

5 7 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS H3---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------6 5 .5 0
NCNMANUFACTURING --------------------------6 5 .0 0
6 6 . 00" DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NCNMANUFACTURING -------------------------1 1 1 .00
120 .5 0 NURSES, I NCOS TR IAl (R E G IS T E R E D )----IC 2 .0 0
MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w o rk w eek fo r which e m p lo y ees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s and the earn in gs c o rre s p o n d to th ese w e e k ly hours.
2 T ra n sp o rta tio n , com m unication, and oth er public u tilitie s .
3 D e s c rip tio n fo r this occupation has been r e v is e d sin ce the la s t su rvey in this a re a . See appendix A.




Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

5 8 . OC

2 3C
2C6

68

STENOGRAPHERS, c e n t r a l
NGNEANUFACTURI\»C - PUBLIC UTlLITlrS2

2S

CLCPKS, ACCOUNT INC, ClASb A
MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURIn G ------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 1
2---------

CLFRKS, F IL E , CLASS C
NONMANUFACTLRINC —

5 8 . OC

Number
of
wotkers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH C P E «A T C «S , CLASS A
MANLFACTURING -----------------NLNMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2---------

4 0 .0
4 0 .C

Average

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n

$
6 9 .6 0 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------7 4 .0 0
6 5 . 5C
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTU«ING -------------------------8 5 . OC
1 0 2 .5 0 TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------70 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

134
66

58
41

CLERKS, F IL E , Q A S S 8
NON^ANUEACTU! ING -

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)'

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$
7 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------NCNMANUFACTUR I N G ------------------

Number
of
workers

COMPTCMETER o p e r a t o r s
MANUFACTURING ------NCNMANUFACTURING -

B ILLE T S , MACHINE (P IL L IN C
MACHINE 1 --------------------------n g n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------

BCCKKEEPING-MACFINF OPERATOR S,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTLR l.\ G ---------------------------

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

o
o

O ccupation and in du stry d iv is io n

9
Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Fort Worth, Tex., November 1964)
Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings
of
workers

Mean2 Median2

$
$
1.7 0 1 .8 0

t
$
$
$
1• 9C 2 .0 0 2. 10 2 .2 0

*
%
%
$
2 . 30 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
%
2.5C 3 .0 C

$
3 .1 0

A
3 .2 0

1 .7 0

Occupation and industry division

S
1 .6 0

1 .80

1 .9 0

2.OC 2 .1 0

2. 20 2 .3 0

2 . 40 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2.9C 3.CC 3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3.3C 3 .4 C

“

2

3
l

l
1

3
2

9
1

3
l

4
l

l
-

-

-

-

_

1

-

_

_

l
~

2
-

_

7
7

2

3
2

_
-

5

7

_

13

-

-

-

-

5

7

7
4
3

2
-

17
17

_

1
1

?
2

_

Under
Middle range2 $
and
1.60 under

C A R P E N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

85
66

$
2 .8 7
3 .0 9

$
3 .0 9
3 .2 4

$
$
2 . 3 1 - 3 .3 2
3 . 0 5 - 3 .3 4

E L E C T R I C I A N S , M A I N T E N A N C E ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

235
199

3 .3 8
3 .4 1

3 .5 3
3 .5 8

3 . 3 1 - 3 .6 4
3 .3 4 - 3 .6 5

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

11C
57
53

2.8 9
3 .2 5
2.5 1

3 .1 5
3 .3 4
2 .5 9

2 . 5 4 - 3 .3 7
3 .2 8 - 3 .3 9
2 . 2 3 - 2 .7 5

4
4

-

H E L P E R S , M A I N T E N A N C L T R A C E S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

96
73

2 .1 5
2 .2 6

2 .1 0
2 .3 4

1 .8 3 - 2 .6 ?
1 .8 9 - 2 .6 8

3
-

-

M A C H I N I S T S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

98
92

3 .2 7
3.2 6

3 .3 0
3 .2 9

3 .0 7 - 3 .6 1
3 .0 6 - 3 .6 1

_

_

~

_

6

_

-

-

-

6
“

M E C H A N I C S , AUTCMQTIVfc
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N C N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 3-----------------

163
65
98
90

2.4 3
2 .5 8
2.32
2 .3 8

2 .2 6
2 .4 2
2 .2 5
2 .2 6

2 .1 1 2 .1 4 2 .0 7 2 .2 0 -

2 .7 8
3 .2 1
2 .6 3
2 .7 1

M E C H A N I C S , M A I N T E N A N C E --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

1 7C
148

2 .7 3
2 .7 6

2 .6 1
2 .6 2

2 .3 1 2 .3 3 -

3 .4 3
3 .4 4

M I L L W R I G H T S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

57
57

2 .7 6
2 .7 6

2 .6 7
2 .6 7

52
52

2 .5 1
2 .5 1

2 .5 1
2 .5 1

2 . 2 7 - 2 .7 7
2 .2 7 - 2 .7 7

~

2 .5 3 - 3 .0 6
2 .5 3 - 3 .0 6

OILERS -------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

-

PAINTERS,

M A I N T E N A N C E ----------------

T C C L A N C H I E M A K E R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------- 1
3
2

65

2 .92

3 .1 2

2 .9 5 -

227
227

3 .4 0
3 .40

3 .6 0
3.6C

3 .3 3 - 3 .6 7
3 . 3 3 - 3 .6 7

3 .1 7

_

_

_

-

1

18
10

12
9

6
4

-

_

_

~

-

-

1
-

~

-

1
1

7
10
5

3
3

-

“

_

-

5
3
2
-

10
4
6
6

19
4
15
15

14
13
1
l

44
3
41
41

4
4

8
8

4
4

13
7

11
7

~

-

~

-

“
2
2

_

?

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

*

-

5
5
-

_

-

13

-

8
8

•

3.5 C 3.6 C 3 .7 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

38
15

33
33

93
93

_

31
31
~

11
5
6

_

_

-

5
5
~

3
2

10
7

9
9

26
26

_

_

_

_

-

-

l
1

16
16

6
6

1C
10

24
24

2
2

9
9

13
13

-

14
9

5
5

14
13

9
3
6

_

1

_

-

-

-

1

8
8
-

_

_

19
19

20
ie

-

3 .8 0

-

—
-

16
16

”
7
5
2
2

9
9

-

$
%
S
$
3 .4 0 3.5C 3 .6 0 3 .7 C

~
11

_

-

-

1
1

3
2
l
1

11
ll
4
-

_

1
-

~

_

_

-

-

5
2
3
3

7
7

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

_

22
22

5
5

-

-

_

23
14
9
9

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

~

j
1

6
6

37
33

_

•

~

“

8
9

4
4

19
19

-

2
2

7
7

18
18

3
3

-

17
17

2
2

5
5

5
5

*

13
13

i

-

4

-

-

-

-

6

-

5

35

-

-

4

-

-

-

_

5
5

-

2
2

_

4
4

-

24
24

12
12

-

_

_

38
38

9
9

16
16

90
90

27
27

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

11
11

4
4

_

32
28

_

-

-

-

1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
2 For definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A -l.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




7

-

-

A
3.3C

_

_

_

_

-

“

-

-

8
8

-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verag e straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, F o rt Worth, T e x ., Novem ber 1964)
N u m b er o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs o f—

Hourly earnings2

O ccu p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

1 .0 0

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

ELEVATCR OPERATORS,
{ WOMEN) -------------------NONMANUFACTURING

$
1.01
1.01

$
1 .12
1.1 2

$

100
100

GUARDS ANC WATCHMEN --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

427
331
96

2 .2 4
2 .5 0
1 .3 5

2 .7 9
2 .8 2
1 .2 6

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------

254

2.8 1

2 .8 4

1 .4 0

_

_

_

_

1 .2 0

1 .3 0

1.4C

1 .5 0

6
6

-

-

-

-

3

104
30
74

13
13
-

8
6
2

19
19
-

9
l
8

5
5
-

151
151

152
59
93

62
36
26

84
60
24

81
15
66

84
42
4?

26
22
4

66
66

1 .2 9 - 2 .8 5
2 . 5 6 - 2 .8 7
1 .2 3 - 1 .2 9

1 .3 0

3

1 .1 0

1 .2 0

43
43

1
Under
$
and
1 .0 0 under

1 .1 0

1 .6 0

21

_

1 .4 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0

2 .1 0

_

_

_

_

_

1.9C

?.Q 0 2 .1 0

_

2.2C 2 .3 0 2 .4 C
_

_

_

2 .5 0
_

2 .6C 2.7 C
_

_

_

2 .8 0 2 .9 0
_

3.0 C

_

3.1C
,

anQ
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

-

-

? ,? 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2.5C 2.6 C

2 .7 0

2.8C

2.9C

3 . CO 3 .1 0 o v e r

22
22
-

193
193
-

3
3
-

15
15
-

-

2 .8 1 - 2 .8 8

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING

.6 7 .6 7 -

$
1 .1 8
1 .1 8

443
43

-

77

1 .4 7

1 .3 8

1 .2 7 -

J A M TCRS, PORTERS, ANC CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------

1 ,0 9 9
569
530
91

1 .6 6
1 .98
1.31
1 .7 8

1 .5 3
2 .1 4
1 .2 4
1 .7 7

1 .2 3 - 2 .1 7
1 .4 8 - 2 .4 4
1 .1 4 - 1 .5 4
1 .5 4 - 1 .9 8

JANITORS, PORTERS, AN0 CLEANERS
CWOMEN 1 ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

136
116

1 .29
1.2 3

1 .1 9
1 .1 8

1 .1 4 1 .1 4 -

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5----------

985
520
465
95

1 .7 5
1.91
1.57
2 .1 2

1 .5 7
1.8 1
1 .3 8
2 .2 6

1 .3 2 - 2 .1 5
1 .3 7 - 2 .3 7
1 .2 9 - 1 .8 6
1 .9 3 - 2 .3 6

145
90

ORDER
FILLERS -------MANUFACTURING ----NCNMANUF ACTUR INC-

219
43
176

1 .7 6
1.82
1 .74

1 .7 5
1 .7 6
1 .7 5

1 .5 6 - 2 .0 3
1 .6 3 - 2 .1 5
1 .5 4 - 1 .9 8

20

23

5
15

21

PACK ERS, SH IPPING --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------

139
97
42

1 .94
.2 .0 6
1 .6 6

1 .7 5
1 .7 7
1.7 1

1 .6 2 - 2 .4 4
1 .6 8 - 2 .8 2
1 .5 5 - 1 .8 4

-

-

8
8
-

7
7

10
10

RECEIVING CLERKS ----MANUFACTURING ----NCNMANUFACTURING

119
37
82

1.9 7
2 .3 8
1 .7 9

1.9 1
2 .3 9
1 .8 3

1 .7 4 - 2 .2 1
1 .9 7 - 2 .8 5
1 .6 7 - 1 .9 5

_
-

-

2
2

l
1

SH IPPIN G CLERKS ------MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

120
62
58

2 .1 2
2 .3 2
1 .91

2 .0 1
2 .5 3
1 .8 9

1 .8 0 - 2 .5 3
2 .0 6 - 2 .5 8
1 .7 6 - 1 .9 9

-

-

-

-

SH IPPING ANC RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------

122
75
47

2 .2 6
2 .4 3
1 .9 6

2 .3 2
2 .5 8
1.6 8

1 .7 1 - 2 .8 2
2 . 1 2 - 2 .8 4
1 .6 2 - 2 .5 3

_
—

_
-

-

_
-

TRUCKCRI VERS6 ---------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5--------------

1,1 3 2
324
808
359

2 .0 5
2 .0 2
2 .0 6
2 .7 4

1 .8 8
1.8 7
1 .8 8
2 .7 9

1 .4 1 1 .4 9 1 .3 8 2 .5 6 -

18
18

15
15
~

89
36
53
~

18
18

_

3
3

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT I UNDER
1-1/2 TONS) ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NCNMANUFACTURING ----------------

See footnotes at end o f table.




201
62
139

1 .4 8
1 .4 7
1 .4 9

1 .4 4
1 .4 5
1.4 4

-

1
I

-

-

4
4

8

_

_

_

-

-

8

-

-

-

1
1

17
6
11

33
13

70
56
14
14

54
44

-

-

_

e

-

-

-

-

16
16
-

8
-

27
26
l
l

41
41
-

93
93

71
71

19
15

17

77
43

_

1 .5 6
56
56

20
-

20

1.3C
1 .2 8

2 .6 5
2 .2 9
2 .6 7
3.1C

1 .2 8 - 1 .6 7
1 .3 8 - 1 .5 3
1 .2 6 - 1 .81

-

-

32

17
15
196
54

3
3
58
47

1
1

15?
9
143
—

17
5
12

26

12

26
14

1?
1

105
33

38

10
28
15

5
5

21

41
35

21

6
6

-

-

-

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

31
31

-

-

-

24
5
19

2
2

6
5
-

8
2
6

1
1
-

4
2
2

2
l
1

_
-

-

14
14

_
-

1
l
-

-

14
3
11

15
15

5
3
?

3
3
~

6
6

7
3
4

_
-

29
29

6
6

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
-

_
-

6
6
-

5
4
l

6
3
3

3
?
1

9
9
-

l
1

9
9
“

1
1

8
4
4

5
5
-

2
2

32
31
1

_
-

_
-

9
5

51
28
23
"

34
6
28
~

154
57
97
4

36
6
30
?3

16
5
11
4

??
20
2

41
36
5
3

9

13
2
11
3

79
4
75
75

57
57
57

3

16
16
-

99
1?
87
87

44
44

19
5
14

_

_

_

_

l

_

_

-

-

-

1

-

-

14

7
7

15
8
7

42
33
9

6
6

7
1
6

7
7

3
3

7
7

20
5
15

15
1
14

_
-

-

13
6
7

18
5
13

-

9
?
7

21
21

83
39
44
~

9
4
5
l

4
4
-

21

12

15

1
1

47
5
42

57
29
28

10

28

7
3
4

25

2

-

42
12
30

45
40

10
10

1

18

3?

-

-

-

32

7
6
1

-

9
7

3
3

-

3
3
_
-

-

1
I
-

-

-

~
_
-

-

9?
-

7 92
92
.
-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Av e r a g e straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, For t Worth, Tex., N o v e m b e r 1964)

1
Under
S
and
1.00 under

O c c u p a t i o n 1 and industry division
4
3
2

1.1C

TRUCKDBI VERS6 7

1.20

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

l

$

1.30

$

$

1.60 1.70

$

l

$

1.30 1.90

2.00 2.10

$

i

$

2.2C 2.30

$

2 . 4 0 2.5 0

$

$

2.60 2.7C

$

$

2.8C 2.9 0

$

$

3.0C 3.10
and

1.2C

1 .3 0

15

30

1 .4 C 1 .50

1.60

1 .7 0

l.e o

1.90

16

20

42

00

2.10

2.20

14

l?

2.3C

2.4C

2 .5C

2.6 C

2.7C

79

2.60

2.9C

3.00

3.10 over

CONTINUED

TRUCKCRIVERS, MEDIUM (1 -1 / 2 TC
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) ------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ---------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5------------------

468
63
4C5
136

$
1.85
1.77
1.8 6
2.53

$

1.82
1.67
1.82
2.58

$
1.351. 3 9 1.352.53-

TRUCKGRI VERS» HEAVY ICVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

ICO
75

2 .17
2 .29

2.2 4
2.2 5

1.68- 2 . 4 3
2. 15- 2 . 8 9

2 96
208

2.2 3
2.38

2.22
2.44

1 .SC- 2 . 8 1
2.03- 2.84

-

26

1.99

1.94

2.24

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (F O R K L IF T )
MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 5-------

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

l

$

1.40 1.50

$
2.52
2.14
2.5 3
2.63

11

1

20

2

1

51

-

-

-

-

-

12

4

10

-

9

-

-

-

5

18

-

-

l

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

18

128

1

1

7

20

62

14

7

2

2

1

1

75

51

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

l

8

-

-

-

-

-

76

51

-

-

-

-

-

14
14
-

132

15

6
4

2
2

36
36

1

7

7
7

-

12

31
21

11

l
-

7
6

4

2

9

-

-

9

5
-

6

1
6

24

1
6

D a t a limited to m e n w o r k e r s except w h e r e otherwise indicated.
Excludes p r e m i u m pay for overtime and for w o r k o n weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F o r definition of terms, see footnote 2, table A-l.
W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows: 6 at under $0.50; 26 at $ 0 . 6 0 to $0.70; 2 at $ 0 . 7 0 to $0.80; and 9 at $ 0. 80 to $0.90.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.
All w o r k e r s w e r e at $ 3. 10 to $ 3. 20.




11
-

30
14
4

27
21

10

1
1

2

15

1
1

1 1 1
1
11
9
9

4
4

84
84

12

B. Establishm ent Practices and Supplem entary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D istrib u tion o f establishm ents studied in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis ion s by m inim um entrance sa la ry fo r selected c a tego rie s
of in exp erien ced wom en o ffic e w o r k e r s , F o rt W orth, T e x ., N o vem b er 1964)1
3
2
In experienced typists
Manufacturing
Minimum w eekly stra ig h t-tim e sa la ry 1

Other in exp erien ced c le r ic a l w ork ers
Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eek ly hours 3 of—

A ll
indu stries

A ll
schedules

40

A ll
schedules

Manufacturing
A ll
in du stries

A ll
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

Based on standard w eekly h o u rs 3 of—
40

A ll
schedules

40

---------------------------------------------

131

49

XXX

82

XX X

131

49

XXX

82

XX X

Establishments having a s p e cified m in im u m -------------------

47

13

13

34

31

58

17

17

41

38

1
2

_
5
1
2
1
1
1
1

_

_
1

_

1
4
1
24
3
1
3
2

_
3
1
24
2
1
3
2

-

-

-

-

1
4
1
33
3
3
4
3
1
2

_

5
1
2
1
1
1
1

1
2
20
3
3
3
1

-

-

1

1

1

1

-

Establishments studied—

$42.50
$45.00
$47.50
$50.00
$52.50
$55.00
$57.50
$60.00
$62.50
$65.00
$67.50
$70.00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$45.00--------------------------------------------$47.50--------------------------------------------$50.00--------------------------------------------$52.50--------------------------------------------$55.00--------------------------------------------$57.50----- ------------------------------------$60.00 --------------------------------------------------------------------$62.50 --------------------------------------------------------------------$65.00 ________________________________________________
$67.50 — -------------------------------- ---------------------$70.00 ________________________________________________
___ _ __
-------------------------------------------------------------

25
4
5
4
2
1
1
1
1

Establishments having no sp e cified m in im u m --------------------------

21

10

XXX

11

Establishments which did not em p loy w ork ers
in this category
------ ------ — ---------------------------------------------------------

62

25

XX X

37

1

1

Data not available

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
2
1
1
1
1

9
2
1
1
1
1

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2

1

1

XXX

26

13

XXX

13

XX X

XX X

46

18

XX X

28

XXX

1

1

-

20
2
3
3
1

-

1 T h ese s a la rie s re la te to fo rm a lly establish ed m inim um startin g (h irin g) re gu la r stra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s that a re paid fo r standard w orkw eeks.
2 Excludes w o rk ers in su b c le ric a l jobs such as m e ssen ger o r o ffic e g ir l.
3 Data a re presen ted fo r a ll standard w orkw eeks com bined, and fo r the m ost com m on standard w orkw eek rep orted .




-

-

1

1

13

T able B-2. Shift D ifferentials
(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m an u facturing plant w o r k e r s by type and amount o f d iffe r e n tia l,
F o r t W orth, T ex . , N o v e m b e r 1964)1
2
P e r c e n t o f m anu facturing plant w o r k e r s —

Shift differential

In establishm ents having form al
provisions 1 for—
Second shift
work

Actually working on—

Third or other
shift work

Second shift

Third or other
shift

84. 7

76. 9

19. 8

3. 8

With shift pay d iffe re n tia l_______________________

79. 3

74. 3

18. 2

3. 4

Uniform cents (p er h o u r )-----------------------------

67. 6

24. 6

17. 7

1. 6

.1
.8
.5
.4

_
.1

T otal--------------------------------------------------------------------

3
5
6
7

c e n ts------------------------------------------------------c e n ts------------------------------------------------------c e n ts-----------------------------------------------------c e n ts------------------------------------------------------7 V 2 cents--------------------------------------------------8 c e n ts-----------------------------------------------------10 cents----------------------------------------------------12 cents----------------------------------------------------13 cents----------------------------------------------------134/5 c e n ts-----------------------------------------------14 cents----------------------------------------------------15 cents______________________________________
16 cents----------------------------------------------------272/ c e n ts-----------------------------------------------3

•9
4. 2
1. 2
2. 1
1. 6
4. 6
11. 9
22. 2

Uniform p e rc en ta ge --------------------------------------

11. 6

10. 4

.5

-

5 p e rc e n t--------------------------------------------------10 percent___________________________________
15 percen t-------------------------------------------------

10. 2
1. 5
-

_
8. 9
1. 5

.2
.3
-

-

-

2. 9
3.9
12. 1
_
-

.9
-

2. 3
.5
9. 3
1. 2
2. 4
-

3. 9
1. 1
2. 9

-

.7
2. 2
6. 9
-

.5
.4
5. 2
-

-

.2
-

.6
-

.5
-

.1
-

.2
(2)

F ull day's pay fo r reduced h o u rs— -------------

-

15. 6

-

.3

F ull day's pay for reduced hours plus
cents differen tial-----------------------------------------

-

23. 6

-

1. 5

1.6

.4

With no shift pay d iffe re n tia l----------------------------

5. 4

2. 6

1 Includes esta b lish m en ts c u rr e n tly op era tin g la te sh ifts, and esta blish m en ts w ith fo r m a l p ro v is io n s c o v e r in g la te shifts
even though they w e re not c u rr e n tly o p era tin g la te sh ifts.
2 L e s s than 0.0 5 p ercen t.




14

Table B-3. Scheduled W eekly H ours
(P ercen t distribution of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by scheduled weekly hours
of first-sh ift w orkers, Fort Worth, Tex. , Novem ber 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T W ORKERS

W eekly hours
All industries 1

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------------------

Under 37 V 2 h ou rs --------------------------- ---------- --------------------37 llz h ou rs ------------------------------------------------------------------------O ver 3 7 V 2 a m i under 40 h o u rs --------------------------------40 h o u rs ------------------------------------------------ ----------------------------O ver 40 and under 44 hou rs --------------------------------------44 hours -----------------------------------------------------------------------------45 hours _... ......... .
O ver 45 and under 48 hou rs.
_
48 hours ... _ ____ _____ ... .
. _____ ...
_____________
O ver 48 hours

100

Manufacturing

Public utilities 1
2

1

92

-

1

1

1

-

-

99

75

83

90

3
3

1

-

1

3

3

4

2

1

1

-

_

1

>

( 4)
_

_

2

6

4

1-----------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0. 5 percent.




100

-

2
97

1

( 4)

100

Public utilities 2

100

1
1

Manufacturing

100

( 4)

2

All industries 3

100

3

_

3
3

3
4

15

Table B-4. Paid Holidays
(P e r c e n t d is tr ib u tio n o f o f f ic e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
O F F IC E

W ORKERS

PLA N T W ORKERS

Ite m
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

A ll

w o rk e rs

W o rk e rs
p a id

in

_

_____

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

h o l i d a y s _ ........... ........

W o rk e rs
no

_____

in

p a id

_

_

3 h o lid a y s

-----------------

____

o f

------

_______ ____

.
p lu s

_____

______
p lu s

8 h o lid a y s

_

9 h o lid a y s

.

----

________

9

o r

m o re

o r

98

97

100

92

92

96

3

8

8

4

__

__

__

_

_

£
)

_

2

_

5

(4 )

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

(4 )
3

-

-

1

1

_

4

-

15

6

d a y s ____________________________________

1

2

-

2

4

34

20

25

______
-

___

_____

56

-

18

.

1

-

1

4

61

14

11

72

5

____

(4 )

11

---------

____

__

___

51

_____

....
____

________

__

10

-

7

14

-

-

3

6

-

“

5

9

“

4

3

2

_________________

- ....................... ....

4

1

-

tim e 5

--- -----

------

______

_

__

___
__________

d a ys

m o re .

______

____________

________

d a y s ------------------------

100

29

T o t a l h o lid a y

8 d ays

100

5

------------

7 d a ys

100

1

____________________

__

_

_

100

14

_____

2 h a lf

100

22

.

__

_
____

1 h a lf d a y

p lu s

7 h o lid a y s

_

_

2 h a lf

100

_________________ __________ ___

.

6 h o l i d a y s __

7 h o lid a y s

_

_

.

P u b lic u t ilitie s 2

d ays

___

___

5 h o lid a y s

6 h o lid a y s

___
__

4 h o lid a y s .

5 h o lid a y s

__

_

M a n u fa c tu rin g

2

_____________

1 h o lid a y
2 h o lid a y s

A l l in du stries 3

p r o v id in g

____

N u m b e r

P u b lic u t ilitie s 2

p r o v id in g

.

e s t a b lis h m e n ts

h o lid a y s .

M a n u fa c tu rin g

__

__

____

_

________

_____

_____

_
_

_

_.

2
10

18

-

15

28

_

_

21

22

61

29

40

72

61

30

____

________

4

5

9

22

23

41

72

6 days

o r

m o r e _____________ ___________________________________________

73

81

95

52

71

90

5 d ays

o r

m o re .

95

95

100

81

86

96

4

d a ys

o r

m o re

3 d a ys

o r

m o re

6V 2 d ays

o r

m o re

__ ____

.

.

.

__ ____

________________

_____________

_________

d ays

1
2
3
4
5
no half

o r

m o re .

__

_

.
_

.

.
_

__

_____

97

97

100

84

89

96

______ _____

98

97

100

85

89

96

_

98

97

100

86

90

96

98

2

__
______ _____

97

100

92

92

96

.

__________

Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
L ess than 0.5 percent.
A ll combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount are combined; for example, the proportion of w orkers receiving a total of 7 days includes those with 7 full days and
days, 6 full days and 2 half days, 5 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions w ere then cumulated.




16

Table B-5.

Paid Vacations 1

( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s try d iv is io n s by v a c a tio n pay
p r o v is io n s , F o r t W o rth , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
O FF IC E W O R KERS

PLA N T W ORKERS

Vacation policy
All industries

A ll w orkers-------------

-----------------------------------------

2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
1

100
98
2

100
100

98
91
5
1
-

100
92
6
2
-

100
100

2

-

Method of payment

W orkers in establishments providing
paid vacations____________________________________
Length-of-tim e paym ent------------------------------Percentage payment-------------------------------------F lat-su m payment----------------------------------------Other — -------------------------------------------------W orkers in establishments providing
no paid vacations----------------------------------------------

-

-

-

-

_

Amount of vacation pay 5
After 6 months of service
Under 1 w e e k - -------------------------------------------------1 week— _ ------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 w e e k s---------------------------------------------------------------

1
33
7
(6)

2
22
1
-

_
45
-

5
22
3
(6)

5
18
-

_
33
-

_
31
(6)
46
23

_
18

_
82

-

-

30
52

18
-

1
57
3
26
10

2
57
4
17
20

_
84
3
14
-

1
29
6
51
10

2
37
9
33
20

51
6
43
-

1
12
8
64
13

2
17
14
44
24

1
12
7
65
14

2
17
11
45
25

-

After 1 year of service
Under 1 week-----------------------------------------------------1 week—
------------------ -----------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 weeks — — --------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------A fter 2 years of service
Under 1 week- _ — ------------ ------------------------1 week---------------- ---------------------------------------------O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s--------------------------------2 w e e k s____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s---------------------------------

_
9
3
65
23

-

10
(6)
38
52

_
11
21
69
-

_

A fter 3 years of service
Under 1 week- ------------------------------------------------1 week------- -------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s--------- ---------------------2 w e e k s____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s----------------------------------

_

_

_

6
1
68
25

6
1
37
56

2
-

98
-

_
_

5

92
3

After 4 years of service
Under 1 week- __ — ----------------------------------------1 week—
- — ---------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s---------------------------------2 weeks _
---------- -----------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s---- --------------------------

_

_

_

5
1
69
25

6
1
37
56

2

i___________________________
S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le .




-

98

_
5
-

92
3

17

Table B-5. Paid V acations1— Continued
( P e r c e n t d is t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y
p r o v is io n s , F o r t W o r th , T e x . , N o v e m b e r 1964)
PLA N T WORKERS

O F F IC E W O R K E R S
V a c a tio n p o lic y
A ll industries 2

Manufacturing

Public utilities 3

All industries 4

Manufacturing

Public utifitiCB 3

A m o u n t o f v a c a t i o n p a y 5— C o n t i n u e d

A fte r
U n der

5 y ea rs

1 w eek

1w e e k
1 and
2 w e e k s ___

_
_

u n der

O ver

2 and u n d er

_

_

____

O ver

o f s e r v ic e

_
_

_

_

_

_________________________________

__________________

3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________

U n der

10 y e a r s

_
u n der

O ver

2 and u n d er

_

4 w eeks

U n der 1 w eek
w eek

________

..

_

_

_.__

3 w eeks _

2

2
4
_

76

66

14

25

2

3

_
_
96
3

2

_

1

2

_

_

4

4
_

-

50

72

71
_

(6)
57

20

29
_

16
_

-

"

_
( 6)

_
_
_

18

67
_

26

23

25

56

33
-

______________

3

-

"

____________________

2

_

_

____ _______

___

________

O ver

________

4 w e e k s ____________

4 w e e k s _________________________________
15 y e a r s

1

( 6)
42

_________

____

A fte r

1
1
6
-

_

_ .

3 w e e k s _________________________________________
3 and u n d e r

99
_

1
1

4

36

8

_

3
25

_

_

-

-

o f s e r v ic e

_

2 and u n d e r

U nder

31

19
3

______ ____ _______

1
O v e r 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s
2 w e e k s __________ _________________________________
O ver

_

51

3
12 y e a r s

_
( 6)

23

... ..

4 w eeks
A fte r

_
_

(6)
50

3 w e e k s ..

3 and u n d er

7

2

_

2 w eeks

3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________
O ver

52

(6)

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ____________________________________________________

1w e e k 1 and
2w e e k s

O ver

41

7

_

3 w eeks

A fte r

_

2
1
68
23

_

2 w e e k s ____ ___________________________

_________
_____

2

2

1

2

_

4

4
-

_

( 6>
47

32

7
26

13
26

13

24

29
3

~

-

-

68
_

o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k _____________________________

1w e e k ___ _________________________________________________________ _
O v e r 1 a n d u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________________
2 w e e k s _______________________________________
____
____

_

(6)
_

1

2

_

-

4

-

(6)
37

4
-

-

27

41

43

13

24

89
3

( 6)

~

-

_

(6)
25
-

16
-

3 w e e k s ____________________________________________________________

45

28

O ver

23

52

94
-

5

4

-

_

_

1

2

( 6)

-

4

2
4

-

( 6>

-

-

O ver

2 and u n d e r
3 and u n d er

4 w e e k s _____

1w e e k

1

4 w e e k s __________

_______

A fte r

U nder

3 w e e k s _______________

_________

20 y e a r s

___

__

_______

_______________

___________

_

—

_

____

_________________
_____

_

__

_____

_________

O v e r 1 and u n d e r 2 w e e k s _______________________________
____
2 w eeks _
_ _ _ ________ ____________
O v e r 2 and u n d e r 3 w e e k s
_ _ ___ ____ ______
3 w e e k s ___
___ _
___ _ _____
_ _
O v e r 3 and u n d e r 4 w e e k s _ _______ _______
____

4

w e e k s ____________________________________________________________

O ver 4 w eeks

_______

___________________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le .




6
-

1

2

8
-

o f s e r v ic e

w e e k __________________
_

_

_

__

__

-

( 6)
24

37

27

30

27

50

94
-

15

-

-

15
-

39

17

22
9

3

2

6
-

1
10

2

-

8
87

20

-

11

15

4

2

4

18

Table B-5. Paid Vacations1 Continued
—
(P e r c e n t d istrib u tio n o f o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in du stries and in indu stry d ivis ion s by va ca tion pay
p ro vis io n s, F o r t W orth, T e x ., N o vem b er 1964)

OFFICE W
ORKERS

PLANT WORKERS

Vacation policy
All in stries1
du
2

Public utilities 3

All in stries4
du

15
15
50
17
2

_
6
67
_
28
-

1
4
(6)
37
1
24
10
17
2

2
4
27
2
27
20
16
4

_
_
8
68
_
24
-

_

1
4
(6)
37
1
24
10
17
2

2
4

-

M
anufacturing

M
anufactu
ring

Public u
tilities 3

Amount o f vacation pay5— Continued
A fter 25 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week- — ----- — ~ ------ — — -------------Over 1 and under 2 w eek s---------------------------2 w eeks__________...._________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eek s---------------------------3 w eek s--- ---------- ----- ------- -----------------Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------4 w eeks___ ___________ _____________ ____
Over 4 weeks---------------------------------------------

_
2
(6)
24
27
22
21
3

_
(6)

A fter 30 years of service
Under 1 week___________________________________
1 week____-____ __-_______________________ _____
Over 1 and under 2 w eek s--- ------ ---------- —
2 weeks — ---------- ------ ------ -----------------Over 2 and under 3 weeks —-------------------------3 weeks -____ __________________________ ________
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s---------------------------4 weeks ________ ______ _______ _________________
Over 4 weeks ----------------------- — ---------- —

_

_

2
(6)
24

(6)

-

15

6

_

-

_

15
50
17
2

67

27
22
21
3

-

-

28

_

-

-

27
2
27
20
16
4

8
-

68
-

24

1 Includes basic plans only. Excludes plans such as vacation-savings and those plans which offer "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans to workers with qualifying lengths
of service. Typical of such exclusions are plans in the steel, aluminum, and can industries.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Includes payments other than "length of tim e ," such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; fo r example, a payment of 2 percent
of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's pay.
Periods of service were arbitrarily chosen and do not necessarily reflect the individual provisions for progressions.
F or example, the
changes in proportions indicated at 10 years' service include changes in provisions occurring between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion receiving 3 weeks' pay
or m ore after 5 years includes those who receive 3 weeks' pay or m ore after fewer years of service.
6 Less than 0. 5 percent.




19

Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(Percen t of office and plant w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions employed in establishments providing
health, insurance, or pension benefits, 1 F ort Worth, Tex., November 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

P L A N T WORKERS

Type of benefit
All industries2

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

All industries4

Manufacturing

Public utilities3

___—

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife insurance-------------------------------------Accidental death and dismemberment
insurance
.
_ —
___ __
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both5.
.
___
___

94

99

100

87

97

98

67

84

42

58

69

33

76

87

71

60

72

56

Sickness and accident insurance----------Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)______________ _______
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) ------------------------------

46

76

4

45

66

13

59

79

36

28

36

26

A ll w orkers__ __ ________

_ __ ___

Workers in establishments providing:

Hospitalization insurance
---------------Surgical insurance----_ ------ ---- — — Medical insurance--------------------------------Catastrophe insurance _____ ___ _____
Retirement pension ---------- ----------- ----No health, insurance, or pension plan------

6

1

32

6

5

21

98
98
76
71
69
( 6)

97
97
81
69
80
1

100
100
98
88
66

94
94
70
51
52
4

96
96
73
41
68
2

98
98
92
82
46

1 Includes those plans f o r which at least a part of the cost is b o r n e b y the employer, except those legally required, such as workmen’ s compensation, social security, and railroad retirement.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry d iv is io n s sh ow n separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
5 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the
minimum number of days' pay that can be expected by each employee. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.
6 Less than 0.5 percent.




20

Table B-7. Paid Sick Leave
(P e r c e n t distribu tion o f o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis io n s by fo rm a l sick lea ve
p ro vis io n s, F o r t W orth, T e x ., N o vem b er 1964)
O F F IC E W O R K E R S

PLA N T W ORKERS

Sick leave provision
All industries 1

A ll workers

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

All industries 3

Manufacturing

Public utilities 2

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

65.7

80.4

68.8

33.9

41.1

46.3

34.3

19.6

31.2

66.1

58.9

53.7

45.6
43.3
31.5
.4
9.6
2.3
2.3
1.0
.6
.4

66.0
66.0
65.2
.6
.3

23.6
23.6
1.6
22.0
3.2
3.2

22.3
22.3
18.1
2.1
1.3
.3
1.1
.5
.6

35.0
35.0
32.5
1.9
_
_
_
_
1.2
_
1.2

17.0
17.0
2.8
_
10.7
3.5
_
_
_
_
-

Graduated plan4— A fter 1 year of service:
____
No waiting pe riod
Full pay5
5 days
1 0 days
_
__ _
1 2 days
„ _ ___
Full pay plus partial pay5
2 2 days
—
Waiting period
___
__
Full pay
_
_
___
Pa rtia l pay only
__ . __

13.8
12.9
5.4
4.8
2.3
.8
.8
5.3
1.7
3.6

13.4
13.4
7.9
4.5
-

12.8
29.2
1.3
27.8

5.5
2.5
1.3
.8
3.0
3.0
5.0
1.0
4.0

1.0
1.0
.3
_
_
_
3.9

8.6
8.6
_
8.6
_
_
_
20.7
1.1
19.6

Graduated plan4— A fter 10 years of service:
------No waiting period
Full pay5
__ „
20 days
50 days
_ __ —
55 days
_
_
90 days
Full pay plus partial pay5
__
—
15 days
2 1 days
_
__ _
50 days
65 days
_
___
Waiting pjeriod
_
Full pay
_
_
Partial pay only
_

18.8
11.2
5.6
.7
.7
2.3
7.6
.7
.9
1.5
4.4
.2
.2
-

13.4
11.8
8.9
1.5
-

40.6
5.5
-

8.3
1.6
.8

27.9

9.0

12.8

3.8

Workers in establishments providing
form al paid sick leave
Workers in establishments providing
no form al paid sick leave
Type and amount o f paid sick
leave provided annually
Uniform plan: 4
No waiting period
Full pay5
5 days
6 days
1 0 days
1 2 days
Full pay plus partial pay5
65 days
Waiting period
Full pay
P artial pay only

__
___
—
_ ____
__

_ __

-

1.0
1.0

-

1.6
1.6
-

-

-

12.8
12.8
-

3.9

27.8
1.3
1.3
-

.8
.9
5.0
2.1
.1
2.0

1.0
1.0
.3
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
3.9
_
3.9

8.7

7.0

12.8

-

-

5.5

( 6)
6.7

-

35.2
7.3
-

-

28.2
.3
_

_
.3

_

8.3

_

19.6
1.1
1.1
-

Provisions fo r accumulation
Workers in establishments having
provisions for accumulation
o f unused sick leave---------------------------------

1 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
4 "Uniform plans" are defined as those form al plans under which an employee, after 1 year of service, is entitled to the same number of days' paid sick leave each year. "Graduated plans"
are defined as those form al plans under which an em ployee's leave varies according to length of service. Periods of service were arb itrarily chosen. Estimates reflect provisions applicable
at the stated length of service but do not reflect provisions for progression. Thus, the proportion receiving 15 days' sick leave after 10 years of service may also receive this amount after
greater or lesser lengths of service.
5 May include provisions other than those presented separately. Numbers of days shown under "F u ll pay plus partial pay" are days for which workers receive sick leave at full pay; workers
are entitled to additional days of sick leave at partial pay.
6 Less than 0.05 percent.




21

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
(P e r c e n t o f o ffic e and plant w o rk ers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivis ion s em ployed in establishm ents provid ing p r o fit-s h a rin g plans,
by type o f plan, F o r t W orth, T e x ., N o vem b er 1964)
O F F IC E W O R KERS

PLA N T W ORKERS

T y p e o f p la n
All industries 2

A l l w o r k e r s _______________________________________

—

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g

Manufacturing

100

100

20
-

20

8

1

2

p rn fit- s V ia r in g p l a n s

_ .............

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r both c u r r e n t and
r) p f p r rf«H H i s t r i h i r H r m . . . . . .

........................... . ..

100

80

90

15

100

-

10

1

100

P u b lic u tiE ties 3

12

2

_

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g no
.

M a n u fa ctu rin g

100

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ic e o f
m e th o d o f d is t r ib u t io n ___________________________

p i-n f-if _sV»a r i n g p l a n s

All industries 4

16

-

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r d e f e r r e d d is t r ib u t io n —

100

1
0

P la n s p r o v id in g f o r c u r r e n t d is t r ib u t io n -----

Public utilities 3

_

84

88

_

100

1 The study was limited to form al plans (1) having established formulas for the allocation of profit shares among employees; (2) whose formulas w ere communicated to the employees in
advance of the determination of profits; (3) that represent a commitment by the company to make periodic contributions based on profits; and (4) in which eligib ility extends to a m ajority of the
office or plant workers.
2 Includes data for wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.
3 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
4 Includes data for wholesale trade, retail trade, real estate, and services, in addition to those industry divisions shown separately.







Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

23




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau* s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau* s job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau* s field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e t c ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers* purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers* bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers* ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Woiks from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment*s busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
25

26

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A. In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers* orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




CLERK, ORDER—Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers* earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

27

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e t c ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Woik requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough wodcing knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, woxkflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine woik.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g . , because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. ('’Limited*' telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g . , giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

28

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a woik
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A. Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the woik and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e t c ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

29

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

D RAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Continue d

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse'who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees* injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




30

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

31

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing, and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the followings Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

32

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker’ s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inCUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

M ATERIA L

M OV EM E NT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

33

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers*
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRTVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers* houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves; Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Tmcker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on sa la rie s for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chem ists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job an alysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order a s B LS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1____________________________
Albany-Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 L_______
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1_________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J., Feb. 1964 L
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex. , May 1964 L
__________
Birmingham, Ala., Apr. 1964 1
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
____________
Boston, Mass. , Oct. 1964 1
_________ _____

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964______
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 LCharlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
____________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. -Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 _________ __
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1_______________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1______________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1____________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1964 1_____________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Dallas, Tex., Nov. 1963.
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1964 1____________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1___
Denver, Colo., Dec. 1963 L.,
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1__
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964___________________
Fort Worth, Tex., Nov. 1964 1_______________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1________________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1________________
Houston, Tex., June 1964 1___________________
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1___________________
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 1964 1_____________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964___________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
____________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, Mass.— H. , June 1964 1___
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif., Mar. 1964 1
____
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964_________________
Lubbock, Tex., June 1964 1
_________________ ...___
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1__________________
Memphis, Tenn. , Jan. 1964 1____________________

1385-15, 25 cents
1430-20,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1430-24,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,
1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents

Area

Bulletin number
and price
1385- *29,
1385- 56,
1385- •39,
1385- •71,
1385- •49,
1385*•37,
1385- 42,
1385- 72,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
40 cents

1385- 77,
1430. 5,
O m a h a, N e b r . —
Iow a, O ct. 1964_________
... 1430- 17,
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N . J . , M ay 1964 1____________ 1385 62,
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1963 1____________________ 1385 31,
P h o e n ix , A r iz . , M a r . 1 9 6 4 1_____________________________ 1385 54,
P it t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1964_______________________________ 1385 38,

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M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1963 1_____________________________
M ilw a u k e e , W is. , A p r. 1 9 6 4 _________________________
M in n e a p o lis— t. P a u l , M inn. , J a n . 1 9 6 4 _____________
S
M u sk e g o n — u sk e g o n H e ig h ts , M i c h ., M ay 1964 1____
M
N e w a rk and J e r s e y C ity , N. J . , F e b . 1964 1__________
New H aven , C o n n ., J a n . 1964 1________________________
New O r le a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 4 ________________________
New Y o rk , N . Y. , A p r. 1964 1___________
N o rfo lk — o r t s m o u th and N e w p o rt N ew s—
P
H am pton , Y a . , Ju n e 1 9 6 4 ___________ _
_
O k lah o m a C ity , O k la. , A ug. 1964 1
______

P o r t la n d , M a in e , N ov. 1964_________________________ —
1430 21 ,
P o r t la n d , O r e g .- W a s h . , M ay 1964 1_____________________ 1385 67,
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t , R . I . — a s s . , M ay 1 9 6 4 ________ 1385 65,
P
M
R a le ig h , N. C . , S e p t. 1964_______________________________ 1430 6 ,
R ic h m o n d , V a . , N ov. 1964_______________________________ 1430- 19,
R o c k fo r d , 111., A p r. 1 9 6 4 1__________
S t. L o u i s , M o.-111. , O ct. 1964 1_____
S a lt L a k e C ity , U tah , D ec . 1 9 6 3 . ___
S a n A n ton io, T e x . , Ju n e 1964____________________________
S a n B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n ta r io , C a lif . ,
R
O
S e p t. 1964________________________________________________
S a n D ie g o , C a l i f . , S e p t. 1964 1__________________________
S sm F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1964 1____________
O
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M ay 1964 1
_______________________________
S c r a n to n , P a . , A ug. 1964________________________________
S e a t t l e , W ash . , S e p t. 1964______________________„________

1385- 60,
1430- 2 2 ,
1385- 28,
1385 74,

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964______________________
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1_____
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964___________________________
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964___
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963_______
Washington, D. C. —
Md. —
Va. . Oct. 1964 1_____________
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1_________________ _____
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 19641 _________________________
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 19641_________________________
Worcester, Mass., June 1964 1
______
York, Pa. , Feb. 1964 1_____________

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1430-23,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

1430- 8 ,
1430- 12,
1385- 36,
1385 69,
1430 2 ,
1430- 9,

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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102