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ou

Occupational Wage Survey

PORTLAND, MAINE
NOVEMBER 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner




Occupational Wage Survey
PORTLAND, MAINE




N OVEM BER 1 9 6 4

B u lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 2 1
January 1965

UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of Labor Statistics program of annual
occupational wage surveys in metropolitan areas is de­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and estab­
lishment practices and supplementary wage provisions. It
yields detailed data by selected industry divisions for each
of the areas studied, for economic regions, and for the
United States. A major consideration in the program is the
need for greater insight into (1) the movement of wages by
occupational category and skill level, and (2) the structure
and level of wages among areas and industry divisions.

Eighty-two areas currently are included in the
program.
Information on occupational earnings is col­
lected annually in each area. Information on establishment
practices and supplementary wage provisions is obtained
biennially in most of the areas.

T a b les:
1.
2.

A.

Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied____________________________________________________—
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods______________________________________
Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women--------------------------------------A -2 . P rofessional and technical occupations—
men and w om en—
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined__________________________________
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-----------------------------A - 5. Custodial and m aterial movement occupations-------------------

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational description s---------------------------------------------B. Occupational description s------------------------------------------------------------------

areas.

This bulletin presents results of the survey in
Portland, Maine, in November 1964.
It was prepared in
the Bureau's regional office in Boston, M a ss., by Leo
Epstein, under the direction of Paul V . Mulkern, Assistant
Regional Director for Wages and Industrial Relations.




3

* NOTE: Similar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cover.)

Union scales, indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Portland area, are also available for seven selected
building trades.

iii

2

2

4
5
vO N 00

At the end of each survey, an individual area
bulletin presents survey results for each area studied.
After completion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of surveys, a two-part summ ary bulletin is issued.
The first part brings data for each of the metropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
information which has been projected from individual m et­
ropolitan area data to relate to economic regions and the
United States.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups-------------------------------------------

11
13




Occupational Wage Survey—Portland, Maine
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s , i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla ss ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m ium pay fo r ov ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late
sh ifts. N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly hours are rep orted ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu pation s, re fe re n ce is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which straigh t-tim e sa la ries
are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n ea rest half d olla r.

This area is 1 o f 82 in w hich the U .S . Departm ent o f
Labor*s Bureau o f L abor Statistics conducts su rveys o f occu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis.
This bulletin p resen ts cu rren t occu pation al em ploym ent and
earnings inform ation obtained la rg e ly by m a il fr o m the establishm ents
visited by Bureau fie ld econ om ists in the la st p reviou s su rvey fo r
occupations rep orted in that e a r lie r study. P e r so n a l v isits w ere m ade
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
sin ce the p reviou s survey.

D iffe re n ce s in average pay le v e ls fo r m en and wom en in any
of the se le cte d occupations should not be assum ed to re fle ct d ifferen ces
in pay treatm ent of the sexes within individual establishm ents. The
a verages p resen ted r e fle c t com p osite, areaw ide estim ate*. Industries
and establishm ents d iffe r in pay le v e l, jo b staffing, and in the extent
to which m en and w om en are em ployed and, thus, contribute d ifferen tly
to the estim a tes. Other p ossib le fa cto rs which m ay contribute to
d iffe re n ce s in pay include: D ifferen ces in p ro g re s s io n within estab­
lish ed rate ran ges, sin ce only the actual rates paid incumbents are
c o lle cte d ; and d iffe re n ce s in s p e cific duties p erform ed , although the
w o rk e rs are ap p rop riately cla s s ifie d within the sam e survey jo b d e ­
scrip tion . Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em p loyees in these
su rveys are usually m o re gen eralized than those used in individual
establishm ents and allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among establishm ents
in the s p e c ific duties p e rform ed .

In each area , data are obtained fr o m represen tative esta b ­
lishm ents within six b roa d industry d iv isio n s: M anufacturing; tra n s ­
portation, com m unication, and other public u tilities; w h olesale trade;
retail trade; finan ce, in su ran ce, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
industry groups excluded fr o m these studies are governm ent o p e r a ­
tions and the con stru ction and ex tra ctive in d u stries. E stablishm ents
having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk e rs are om itted b ecau se
they tend to furnish in su fficien t em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to w arrant in clusion. Separate tabulations are p rovid ed fo r each of the
broad industry d ivision s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .
These su rveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se of
the u n n ecessary co st involved in surveying a ll establishm ents. To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion of
large than of sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
how ever, all establishm ents are given th eir appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relating to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the m inim um siz e studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scop e of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent
obtained fr o m the sam ple of establishm ents studied serve only to
indicate the relative im portance of the jo b s studied. These d iffe r ­
en ces in occupational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the a ccu ra cy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a v a riety
of m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and are of the
follow in g typ es: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) maintenance and pow erplant; and (4) cu stod ial and m a teria l m o v e ­
ment. O ccupational cla s s ific a tio n is based on a uniform set of jo b
d escrip tion s designed to take account of in terestablishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e jo b .
The occupations se le cte d fo r study
are listed and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
Earnings data fo r som e of
the occupations listed and d e s c r ib e d are not p resen ted in the A -s e r ie s
tables becau se either (1) em ploym ent in the occu pation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m e rit p resen tation, o r (2) there is p o s s i­
bility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.




E stablishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplem entary Wage P ro v isio n s
Tabulations on se lected establishm ent p ra ctice s and supple­
m entary wage p ro v isio n s (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presen ted in this
bulletin. Inform ation fo r these tabulations is co lle cte d biennially in
this area. T hese tabulations on m inim um entrance sa la ries fo r
in exp erien ced wom en o ffice w o rk e rs ; shift d ifferen tials; scheduled
w eekly h ou rs; paid h olidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; are p resen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in p reviou s
bulletins fo r this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and nu m ber stu d ied in P o r tla n d , M aine, 1
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1964

M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

In du stry d iv is io n

Studied

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

116

69

21, 100

17, 400

50
“

34
82

25
44

10, 300
10, 800

9, 440
7, 960

50
50
50
50
50

16
19
30
11
6

13
8
12
7
4

A ll d iv is io n s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------M anuf a ctu r in g------------------------------------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g — -------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _ — ----------------- — - ----- — W h o le s a le tra d e 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------R e ta il tra d e 6--------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te 6 - - — ---------S e r v ic e s 6 7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

3,
1,
3,
1,

400
400
600
700
700

3, 100
670
2, 280
1, 300
610

1 T h e P o r tla n d S tand ard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f the c it ie s o f P o r tla n d , South P o r tla n d , and W e s tb r o o k ; and the tow ns o f Cape
E liz a b e th and F a lm o u th in C u m b e rla n d C ounty.
The " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te
d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
T he e s tim a te s a r e not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is
o f c o m p a r is o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r l e v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the
u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu d ied , and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e
o f the su r v e y .
2 T he 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s try d iv isio n .
3 In clu d e s a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll ou tlets (w ithin the a rea ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4 In clu d e s a ll w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the are a ) at o r ab o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in c id e n ta l to w a te r t r a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x clu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s tr y d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s tim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g " in the S e r ie s A ta b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e r e is p o s s ib ilit y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in d ivid u a l e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (ex clu d in g
r e lig io u s and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f stan d ard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g rou p s in P o r tla n d , M aine,
N o v e m b e r 1964 and N o v e m b e r 1963, and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(N o v e m b e r 1960"100)

O cc u p a tio n a l gro u p

O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -------------In d u stria l n u r s e s (m en and w om en ) —
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )-------------------------U n s k ille d plant (m e n ) ---------- ----------------- -

P e rce n ts of in cre a se

N o v e m b e r 1963 N o v e m b e r 1962 N o v e m b e r 1961 N o v e m b e r I960 N o v e m b e r 1959
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1964 N o v e m b e r 1963
to
N o v e m b e r 1964 N o v e m b e r 1963 N o v e m b e r 1962 N o v e m b e r 1961 N o v e m b e r I960

109.6
111.5
113.7
106.3

107.6
108.3
110.2
101.9

1.9
2.9
3.2
4.3

2.9
4.9
1.1
1.3

2.3
1.3
4.1
.4

2.2
1.9
4.6
.2

3.9
1.9
5.3
6.2

3

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerica l w orkers and industrial n u rses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.
For office clerica l w orkers and industrial n u rses, the p e r­
centages of change relate to average weekly salaries for norm al hours
of work, that is , the standard work schedule for which straight-tim e
salaries are paid.
For plant worker groups, they m easure changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earnings, excluding premium pay for
overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
The
percentages are based on data for selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost of the num erically important jobs within each group.
The office clerica l data are based on men and women in the following
19 jobs: Bookkeeping-machine operators, class B; clerk s, accounting,
class A and B; clerk s, file , cla ss A , B , and C; cle rk s, order; clerk s,
payroll; Comptometer operators; keypunch operators, cla ss A and B;
office boys and g irls; secreta ries; stenographers, general; stenogra­
phers, senior; switchboard operators; tabulating-machine operators,
class B; and typists, class A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and women industrial nurses.
Men in the following
8 skilled maintenance jobs and 2 unskilled jobs are included in the
plant worker data: Skilled— carpenters; electricians; m achinists; m e ­
chanics; m echanics, automotive; painters; pipefitters; and tool and
die m akers; unskilled— jan itors, p o rters, and cleaners; and lab orers,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easu re, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay lev els.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For exam ple, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

4

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division, Portland, M aine, N ovem ber 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard]

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earning s of—
S

$
35

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S
40

$
45

1>
50

li

55

]
60

$

%
65

70

$
75

$
80

1
85

$
90

$
95

S
100

$
105

S

$
110

115

S

$
120

125

%
130

and
under

135

and

40

45

50

55

-

-

-

-

—
—

-

-

-

-

60

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

over

5

5
4
1

2
l
1

l

l

1

2
1

2

-

2
3

3
3

2

1

1

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

2

1
2

_

_

_

1

2

-

-

-

65

70

75

-

-

3
_

l
1

1

2

-

3

-

l

80

85

90

MEN
CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

31
14
17

4 0 .0

$
1 0 6 .0 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

$
1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

$
$
9 6 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0

10

OFFfCF R f l Y S ------------—
—
------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

28

3 9 .5

5 9 .0 0

5 7 .5 0

5 5 .0 0 -

5 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------------------

16

3 9 .0

7 6 .0 0

7 2 .5 0

6 5 .5 0 -

8 9 .5 0

35
32

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

5 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

5 3 .0 0
5 3 .0 0

4 4 .5 0 4 4 .0 0 -

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

16

2

-

-

7

16

l

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

4

4

1

1

-

3

-

10

-

3

6

1

1
1

-

_

-

27
4
23

3
3

4

1

WOMEN
BILLE RS, MACHINE (BILLIN G
M A C H IN E )------------------------------------------------------

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B —
---------—
---------- —
—
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

77

3 9 .5

71

39.5

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

5 8 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

88.00

N O N M A N U F A C T U R IN G -----------------------------------------

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

9 0 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

7 7 .0 0 7 8 .GO7 6 .G O -

9 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------------------

239
51
188
41

3
3
3
3

6 6
78
6 3
7 4

64
82
62
76

5
7
5
6

8 5 .5 0

10
10

5 4 .0 0 — 6 5 •50
5 3 .5 0 — 6 5 .0 0

109
16
93

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

8
9
7
9

.0
.5
.5
.0

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

4 .5 0 2 .0 0 2 .0 0 3 .0 0 —

8 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

'2

2

1

2
.
-

-

-

C3

c i

22

22

14

-

-

6

2

40

-

-

3

-

-

6

1

3

2
12

4

1

2

2

38

10

28

21

14

2

-

38

8

1

13
5

11
10

10

21

30

13

8

64
18
46

1
1

26

12
6
6

-

_
-

26

26

-

1

6

8
1

2
2

*

l

2

_
-

-

1

CLERKS, ORDER ---------------------------------------------

28

3 9 .5

6 5 .0 0

5 9 .0 0

5 5 .5 0 -

7 8 .0 0

-

-

-

6

10

-

-

4

3

4

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

56

3 8 .5

7 2 .5 0

6 6 . 00 -

8 5 .5 0

9

14

-

2

4

2

_

_
_

_
_

_
-

_
_

_
_

_
_

3

7

2

6

2
1

_
_

2

2
2

1

5
9

-

3

-

2
1
1

3

8 2 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

5
3

6

6 4 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 -

_
-

6

7 3 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

_
-

1

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

_
-

5

21

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING_____ — _____ ________ _
_

51
17

3 8 .0

7 7 .0 0

7 7 .5 0

_

_

3

4

4

3

3

19

2

_

_

12

_

_

_

_

_

_

6 5 .0 0

1
1

_

6 7 .5 0

6 8 .5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
5 7 .5 0 — 7 7 .5 0

_

39 5

-

-

-

-

3

4

-

-

4

12

1

11

10

22

16

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

6
6

9

15

14

-

-

-

3

_
-

_
-

-

3

14

24

29

24

12

12

3

_

3

6

9

4

8

3

13

21

15

8

3
9

10
1

5

2
1

1
1

2

1

17
7

13

-

_
_
•

35

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------

35

3 9 .5

8 5 .0 0

88.00

8 2 .5 0 -

9 6 .5 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

57

3 8 .5

5 8 .0 0

_

3 8 .0

5 8 .0 0

5 4 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 -

6 1 .5 0

47

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 3 ----------------------------

162
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0

7 7 .5 0

7 0 .0 0 -

9 1 .0 0

8 6 .5 0

115
26

3 8 .5
3 9 .5

7 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

7 6 .0 0 6 8 . 00 -

9 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

8 4 .0 0

7 4 .5 0 - 1 1 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3

23
4

4

3

1

106

3 9 .0

6 5 .0 0

6 3 .0 0

5 5 .5 0 -

7 6 .0 0

_

_

6

19

14

23

12

4

15

2

7

_

73

38. 5

6 3 .5 0

6 7 .5 0
6 1 .0 0

5 4 .0 0 -

72^50

:

-

6

16

12

14

6

3

9

SENIOR ----------------------------

16

3 8 .5

7 9 .5 0

8 2 .5 0

5 9 .0 0 -

9 9 .0 0

-

-

-

2

3

-

2

-

l

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

57

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

5 8 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

4 9 .0 0 -

6 9 .5 0

66.00

5
5

10
10

6
6

10
10

3
3

2

4 8 .0 0 -

2
2

8

49

7

STENOGRAPHERS9 GENERAL ------------------------Ma n u r ATTIJQ iiiu —
__ _
_____ _
n ANIIF at, i u « IMn
a
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------STENOGRAPHERS,

S ee

fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le .




33

6 2 .0 0

-■
-

3

3

_
~

3

2

2

3

_
_
_

5

2

3

2

_

3

-

1
2
2

_

2

_

_

_
-

_

c
3

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

1

-

1

2

-

-

1

-

-

-

3

1

2

1

“

5
5

5
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

40

Middle range 1
2

45

j
50

$

t

55

60

i
65

i
70

i
75

i

$

80

85

i
90

i

%
95

100

i
105

i
110

$
115

120

$
125

$
130

and
u n d er
40

WOMEN -

-

S
135

and
45

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

6
2

7

3

13

4

1

2

4

l

ll

3

1

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

over

C0NTINUFD

$
SW IT C HB OA R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------TRANSCRIRING-M ACHIN E

3 9 .5

6 4 .5 0

3 9 .5

6 7 .0 0

6 6 .0 0
67 .5 0

5 7 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 -

l
1

7 0 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

-

2
2

2

OPERATORS,
19

5 6 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 -

6 3 .0 0
6 3 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

6 4 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

6 0 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 -

6 9 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

32

U TILITIE S

5 9 .5 0
5 9 .5 0

135
127

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------NONMANUFACT URING -

5 9 .0 0

17

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----NONMANUFACT URING

5 9 .0 0

3 9 .0

22

-----------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------

3 9 .0

19

GE NE R AL

PU BL IC

39
27

3 9 .0

5 3.0 0 5 3 .0 0 5 4 .0 0 -

6 0 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

5 6 .5 0

5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

5 7 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

5 9 .5 0

1
1

1
1

9
9

7
7
5
1

11
11

41
37

8

5
5

21
20
5

7

1
1

10
10

7

48
45

10

1
1
3
3

2
2
2

6

2
2
2

1 Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 T h e m ea n is co m p u te d f o r e a ch jo b b y t o ta lin g the e a rn in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s p o s it io n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e
than the ra te sh ow n ; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s than the ra te sh ow n . T he m id d le ra n g e is d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r th o f the w o r k e r s e a rn le s s than the lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r th e a rn m o r e than the
h ig h e r ra te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
woikers

S ex , o c c u p a t io n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m b er of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
65

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

70

$
75

$
80

$
85

$
90

$
95

75

80

85

90

95

100

1

1

1

1

$
100

105

$
110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$

105

110

115

120

125

130

-

2

and
u n d er
70

W0MFN

$
NURSES,
INDUSTRIAL
(RE G IST E RE D !
u A U A r n i U r m r*
HAiuiir r At 1n K INb — — —
IN
—
—
—

-

-

-

15
15

- 4 0 -. 0 - 8 7 . 5 0
4 0 .0
8 7 .5 0

$
8 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

$

7 5 .0 0 7 5 .0 0 -

9 4 .0 0
9 4 .0 0

2

2

2

2

1 S tandard h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .

D ata w e r e not
d e s c r i p t i o n s , w h ich
It w a s not fe a s ib le
f o r d r a ft s m e n and

3
3

4
4

-

-

—

-

—
—

-

2—

s a la r i e s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

c o l le c t e d f o r d r a ft s m e n and t r a c e r s due to the r e v i s io n o f o c c u p a t io n a l
w e r e r e v i s e d to fa c ilit a t e im p r o v e d c l a s s i fic a t i o n .
(S ee a p p en d ix A .)
to c o l l e c t e a rn in g s data b y m a il the f i r s t y e a r ; h o w e v e r , e a rn in g s data
t r a c e r s w ill b e c o l le c t e d b y p e r s o n a l v is it and p u b lis h e d n ex t y e a r .

6
T able A -3.

O ffice, Professional, and T echnical O ccupations—M en and W o m e n C om bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1964)

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

$
5 5 .0 0
5 5 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------

-

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

(standard)

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

C0NTINUEC

77
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

110

1 40
30

3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

8 8 .5 0
9 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2-----------

288
58
230
76

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

44
39

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

63
23
40
17

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5

7 6 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
8 4 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS
MANUFACTURING ---------

51
17

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

37
28

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8 6 .0 0
8 6 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------

21

3 9 .0

$
7 3 .0 0

57
47

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

15
15

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 6 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

45
41

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------------------

162
47
115
26

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
8 6 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL-------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

19
19

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

22
17

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 3 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------

106
33
73

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

6 5 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

T Y P IS T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S 2 -----------------------------------

135
127
32

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
6 1 .0 0

15
15

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS,

S E N IO R -----------------------------------

16

3 8 .5

7 9 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

57
49

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

6 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSNONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

39
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

6 4 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

Sta n da rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .




Number
of
workers

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

35
32

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

O cc u p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

CFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLIN G
M A C H IN E )----------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Average

Average

Average

O cc u p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

7
T able A -4.

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m en in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , M a in e, N o v e m b e r 1964)

Number of w o rk e rs receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

Under 1*60 l - 70 1« 80 l - 90 2 - 00 2- 10 2 - 20 2 « 30 2- 40 2 - 50 2 - 60 2 *70 2 - 80 2 - 90 3 - 00 3 - 10 3*20 3 * 30 3 *40 3 » 50 3»60
$
and
1 . 6 0 under
-

Occupat i on and i ndustry di vi si on

________ 1 . 7 0

$

$

2 .59

2 .4 9 -

2 .5 9
2.61

2 .5 2 2 .5 4 -

2.00

2.10

2.20 2,3 0

2.4 0

2.5 0 2.60

2.68
2 .69

2 .3 6 -

1.9 0

2.7 0

2.80

2.90 3,00

3.10 3.2 0

2 .6 6

2.66

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

$

2 .47

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ---------------------

1.60

2 .73

2.7 1

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY -------------------------

$

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2 .0 0

2.22

2.1 5

2.33

1 .6 3 1 .6 8 -

2 .4 9
2 .5 4

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2.53
2.5 3

2.6 1
2.61

2 .3 5 2 .3 5 -

2.80
2.80

2 .65
2.65

2 .5 9 2 .5 9 -

3.20
3.20

2.58
2 .39

12

10
10

2 .7 2
2.7 2

MACHINISTS* MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

15

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 1 ------------------------4
3
2
MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

73
25

48
42

104

88

2.40

1
2
3
4

2

13
13

2 .63
2.62

1 .8 8 1 .8 3 1 .8 9 -

2.7 6
2.6 7
2.78

13

1 .9 0 -

2.75

11

2 .60
2.55

2.55
2.54

2 .4 3 2 .4 1 -

2.78
2.65

1 .8 8 -

2.46

2.87
2.87

2 .76
2 .76

2 .6 8 2 .6 8 -

3.05
3.05

2

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s: 2 at $1.10 to $1.20; and 6 at $1.20 to $1.30.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.




19
19

15

2.33
2.43
2.36

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------TOOL AN0 0IE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

38

11
11

10
10

10
10

3.3 0 3 .4 0

3.90

3.60

3. 70

8
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M a te ria l M o ve m e n t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , P o r t la n d , M a in e , N o v e m b e r 1964)

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—
1 .0 0

1 .1 0

and
under

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

-

1 .1 0 1 .2 0
ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

$

1.11

21

1.10

1 .1 4
1 .1 4

$

22

GUAR0S AND WATCHMEN --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

51
38

1 .9 4
1 .8 9

2 .2 4
2 .2 4

1 . 3 0 - 2 .3 5
1 . 2 8 - 2 .4 2

252
14 7
105
16

1 .8 4
2 .0 5
1.5 4
1 .9 3

2.10
2 .1 4
1 .4 2
1 .9 8

1 .4 7 - 2 .1 8
2 . 0 6 - 2 .1 9
1 . 2 5 - 1 .7 5
2.22

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ----------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

60
49

1 .4 5
1 .4 2

1 .3 5
1 .2 9

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING---------MANUFACTURING------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------

428
162
266

1 .9 3
1 .9 6
1 .9 2

1 .8 7

2.12

ORDER FILLERS ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------

204
90
114

$

1. 18
1 . 11 - 1 .1 7
1. 11-

1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

,
and

3.Q0

over

54

16

106
106

54

16

72
72
72

54
54

16
16

-

1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0

17
17

l
1

13

12

18
7
16
13
3
2

23
22

1
1

12
1

1 .2 6 - 1 .5 6
1 .2 5 - 1 .5 5

27
27

7
3

12

1 .5 2 - 2 .2 7
1 .5 9 - 2 . 2 1
1 . 3 7 - 2 .6 3

34
3
31

61
15
46

26
23
3

17
14
3

2 .3 0
2 .1 4
2 .4 2

2 .4 4
2 .2 7
2 .7 3

2 . 1 5 - 2 .7 4
2 .4 5
2 . 1 7 - 2 .7 6

PACKERS, SHIPPING--------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

1 .6 3
1 .4 2

1 .6 2
1 .3 8

2.01
2 .0 1

2 .0 3
2 .0 6

87
2
85

55
49

18
16
2

15
15
31
31

1 . 3 7 - 1 .8 9
1 . 2 8 - 1 .5 6

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN)------- 1
-------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

29
25
4

)
1

1 .8 5

84
81
3
3

29
29

17
3
14

15
15

2.01-

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4----------------------

1.81-

1.88-

12

10
l

10
8

2

2
2

1 . 9 6 - 2 .0 8
2 .0 9

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

60
15
45

2 .1 9
2.02
2 .2 4

2.12
2 .1 4
2 .0 9

40
20
20

2 .3 5
2 .2 3
2 .4 6

2 .4 3
2 .2 7
2 .7 4

27

2 .2 6

2.22

495
53
442
241

2 .3 2
2 .0 1
2 .3 6
2 .5 5

2 .6 9
2 .7 4
2 .7 8

1 . 8 3 - 2 .8 5
1 . 8 1 - 2 .2 7
1 .8 3 - 2 . 8 6
2 .8 4

2.10-

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 /2 TONS) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

2 .0 7
2 .0 9

2 .2 8
2 .7 0

1 .6 4
1 .5 3

1 .4 9
1 .4 7

1 .4 3 - 1 . 8 6
1 . 4 2 - 1 .5 9

2 .5 1
2 .5 3
2 .3 8

2 .8 3
2 .8 4
2 .81

1.881.86-

14
14

84
5
79

37
20

18

1 .3 6 - 2 .7 4
1 .3 6 - 2 .7 5

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

34
34

2 . 1 5 - 2 .3 7

TRUCKDRIVERS5 ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------

10

10

2 . 0 3 - 2 .7 7
2 . 1 6 - 2 .5 3
1 . 9 6 - 2 .9 3

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS --------

10

1 . 8 5 - 2 .8 3
1 . 6 5 - 2 .2 9
1 . 8 8 - 2 .8 5

SHIPPING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

10

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS
TRAILER T Y P E )---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




239
231
132

2.21

2

16

1
18

23

17

21

1

2

10

l

102

6

96
60

33
24
71
71

22

22

20
18

1 .8 7 - 2 .9 2
2 .9 2

66

2 .8 6

60

71

9
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations— Continued

(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Portland, Maine, November 1964)1
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5

Data lim ited to men w orkers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers regardless of size and type of truck operated.







A p p e n d ix A .

C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau’s last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

11




A p p e n d ix B .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau*s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating woikers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woiker's name, woiking days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued
of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or intexpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as
in legal briefs or reportson scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ('’Full" telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited” telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information purposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

16

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical woik as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This woik is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The woik typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

17

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continued

DRAFTSMAN
Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse»who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued
Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,




and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

18

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES—Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Woik involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

19

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.
*




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the followings Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

20

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER- Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work inC US T ODI AL

AND

1

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
ERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A woiker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

21

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.







Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin nvmber
and price

Area

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_______________
Albany-Schenectady— roy , N. Y. , Mar. 1964 1
T
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964
__
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 L-N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1____________________ „_________
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963,
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, Tex. , May 1964 l.
______ ___
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
__
Boston, Mass. , Oct. 1964 1
________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Miami, F la ., Dec. 1963 1___________________ __________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964____________ _____ _______
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, M inn., Jan. 1964_ _____ ______
_
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1964 1________
Newark and Jersey City, N. J., Feb. 1964 1____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1
_______________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964_______________________ __
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1_________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964_________ __________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
______ __ __________
_

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963_______
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964
Chicago, 111., Apr. 1964 1_________„_____________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1_
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 lm
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641-

138513851385138513851430*
1385*
13851430*
1430*

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
30

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-17,
1385-62,
1385--31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1430-21,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,
1385-60,
1385-21,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20
20
25
25
25
20
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9,

20
25
25
25
20
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-15,
1385-51,
1385-78,
1385-46,
1385-27,
1430-14,
1385-48,
1385-18,
1430-11,
1385-79,
1385-45,

20
25
20
20
20
30
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1963Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iow aIll. , Oct. 1964 1.
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964l .
Denver, C o lo ., Dec. 1963
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1 9 6 4 * „
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964____
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1963..
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 *«
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1_____ ...
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1964 1_______________ ____
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964___ _____ ____ ___
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans. , Nov. 1963 L
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a ss.— H. , June 1964
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 l ._
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1
_____
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964___________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1
_________ ______________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964
Memphis, T enn., Jan. 1964 l m

..

33,
47,
64,
57,
55,
10,
66,
58,
13,
18,

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964_______________________
South Bend, Ind. , Mar. 1964 1_________________________
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964____________________________
T oledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964____ ____ ______________ ___ ___
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963______ _____ ______________ __
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a . , Oct. 1964 1______________
_
Waterbury, Conn. , Mar. 1964 1_ ___________________ _
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963_ _________ __
_
__________
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1___________________________
W orcester, Mass. , June 1964 1
_____________ _______ ___
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1________________________________

1385-15, 25 cents
1430-20,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,
1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




25
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. , May 1964 1
P
___________
Philadelphia, P a .— J. , Nov. 1963 1__________________
N.
Phoenix, A riz. , Mar. 19641___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964..___________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1964___________________________
Portland, Or eg. — ash. , May 1964 1___ _______________
W
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .—
Mass. ,May 1964_________
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964____________________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964____ —
________________—
_____
Rockford, 111., Apr. 19641
____________________________
St. Louis, M o.— , Oct. 1963________________________
111.
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963_______________________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964__________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964_____________________________________________
San Diego, Calif. , Sept. 1964 1_________________ _______
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1964 1_____ _______
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
_____________________________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964______________________ _______
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964____________________________

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102