View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

.'OGM
OH-

Occupational Wage Survey

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA
NOVEMBER 1964

B u l l e t i n No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 9




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew a n C la g u e , C om m issioner




Occupational Wage Survey
RICHMOND, VIRGINIA




NOVEMBER 1 9 6 4

Bu lle tin No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 9
D ecem ber 1964

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STA TISTIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 25 cents




Preface

Contents
Page

The Bureau o f Labor Statistics p rogram of annual
occupational wage surveys in m etropolitan areas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and esta b ­
lishment p ra ctice s and supplementary wage p rov ision s. It
yields detailed data by selected industry division s fo r each
of the areas studied, fo r econ om ic region s, and fo r the
United States. A m ajor con sideration in the program is
the need for grea ter insight into (1) the m ovem ent o f wages
by occupational ca tegory and skill le v e l, and (2) the str u c ­
ture and level of wages among areas and industry d ivision s.
At the end o f each survey, an individual area b u l­
letin presents survey results fo r each area studied. A fter
com pletion of all of the individual area bulletins fo r a round
o f su rveys, a tw o-part sum m ary bulletin is issued. The
fir s t part brings data fo r each o f the m etropolitan areas
studied into one bulletin. The second part presents in fo r ­
mation which has been p rojected fro m individual m e tro p o l­
itan area data to relate to econ om ic regions and the United
States.
Eighty-two areas cu rren tly are included in the
program .
Information on occupational earnings is c o l ­
lected annually in each area. Inform ation on establishm ent
p ra ctices and supplementary wage p rovision s is obtained
biennially in m ost o f the area s.

Introduction-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Wage trends fo r selected occupational grou p s___________________________
T ables:
1. Establishm ents and w ork ers within scope of survey and
number studied----------------------------------------------------------------------------2. Indexes o f standard w eekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings fo r selected occupational groups, and percents of
in crea se fo r selected p e riod s-----------------------------------------------------A.

2
2

Occupational earn in gs:*
A - 1. O ffice occupations—
men and wom en------------------------------------A -2 . P ro fe ssio n a l and technical occu p ation s-m en and w om en __
A -3 . O ffice, p rofession a l, and technical occu p a tion smen and wom en co m b in ed ------------------------------------------------A -4. Maintenance and power plant occu pation s---------------------------A -5 . C ustodial and m aterial m ovem ent occu p a tion s____________

8
9
10

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d e s c r ip tio n s ____________________________
B. Occupational d e s c r ip tio n s -------------------------------------------------------------

13
15

This bulletin presents results o f the survey in
Richm ond, V a., in Novem ber 1964. It was prepared in
the B ureau's regional o ffice in Atlanta, G a., by R obert F.
M cN eely, under the d irection of Donald M. C ru se, Regional
Wage Analyst.




1
3

area s.

♦NOTE: Sim ilar tabulations are available for other
(See inside back cov er.)

Union s ca le s , indicative of prevailing pay levels in
the Richmond area , are a lso available fo r building co n ­
struction, printing, lo ca l-tra n sit operating em p loyees, and
m otortruck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

iii

4
7




Occupational Wage Survey—Richmond, Va.
Introduction
O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e rs, i.e ., those h ired to w ork a regular w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla ssifica tion . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
mium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late
shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co s t-o f-liv in g bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are reported,
as fo r o ffice c le r ic a l occupations, re feren ce is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n earest half hour) fo r which straight-tim e salaries
are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n earest half d ollar.

This area is 1 of 82 in which the U .S . Department of
L abor's Bureau o f Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areawide b a sis.
This bulletin presen ts current occupational em ploym ent and
earnings inform ation obtained la rg ely by m ail fro m the establishm ents
visited by Bureau field econ om ists in the last previou s survey fo r
occupations rep orted in that e a r lie r study. P e rso n a l visits w ere made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the previou s survey.

D ifferen ces in average pay levels fo r men and wom en in any
of the selected occupations should not be assum ed to reflect d ifferen ces
in pay treatm ent of the sexes within individual establishm ents. The
averages presen ted re fle ct com p osite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishm ents d iffer in pay lev el, job staffing, and in the extent
to which men and wom en are em ployed and, thus, contribute differently
to the estim ates. Other p ossib le fa ctors which may contribute to
d ifferen ces in pay include: D ifferen ces in p rog ression within estab­
lished rate ranges, since only the actual rates paid incumbents are
colle cte d ; and d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p erform ed , although the
w ork ers are appropriately cla ss ifie d within the same survey job d e­
scription. Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssifyin g em ployees in these
surveys are usually m ore gen eralized than those used in individual
establishm ents and allow fo r m inor d ifferen ces among establishm ents
in the sp e cific duties p erform ed .

In each area, data are obtained fro m representative estab­
lishments within six broad industry d iv ision s: M anufacturing; tra n s­
portation, com m unication, and other public u tilities; w holesale trade;
retail trade; finance, insurance, and rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor
industry groups excluded fro m these studies are governm ent o p e ra ­
tions and the construction and extractive industries. Establishm ents
having few er than a p re s c r ib e d number of w ork ers are om itted because
they tend to furnish insufficient em ploym ent in the occupations studied
to warrant inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided fo r each of the
broad industry divisions which m eet publication crite ria .
These surveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis because of
the u nn ecessary cost involved in surveying all establishm ents. To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at minimum co st, a grea ter p roportion of
large than of sm all establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ever, all establishm ents are given their appropriate weight. E s­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presented, th erefore,
as relating to all establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the minimum size studied.

O ccupational em ploym ent estim ates represen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number
actually surveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establishm ents, the estim ates of occupational employm ent
obtained fr o m the sample of establishm ents studied serve only to
indicate the relative im portance of the jo b s studied. These d iffe r ­
ences in occupational structure do not m aterially affect the a ccu racy
of the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected fo r study are com m on to a variety
of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing in du stries, and are of the
follow ing types: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p rofession a l and technical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v e ­
ment. Occupational cla ss ifica tio n is based on a uniform set of job
d escrip tion s designed to take account of interestablishm ent variation
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected fo r study
are listed and d e scrib e d in appendix B.
Earnings data fo r som e of
the occupations listed and d escrib ed are not presented in the A -s e r ie s
tables becau se either (1) employm ent in the occupation is too sm all
to provide enough data to m erit presentation, or (2) there is p o s s i­
bility of d isclosu re of individual establishm ent data.




Establishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P rov ision s
Tabulations on selected establishm ent p ra ctices and supple­
m entary wage p rov ision s (B -s e r ie s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin. Inform ation fo r these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced women o ffice w ork ers; shift d ifferen tials; scheduled
weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance,
and pension plans; are presented (in the B -s e r ie s tables) in previous
bulletins fo r this area.

1

2




T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r stu d ied in R ich m o n d , V a. , 1
b y m a jo r in d u s tr y d iv is io n , 2 N o v e m b e r 1964

In du stry d iv is io n

A ll d iv is io n s —

— — _

—

____

__

N u m ber o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts

M in im um
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m en ts in s c o p e
o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f study 3

W o r k e r s in es ta b lis h m e n ts

W ithin s c o p e
o f study *

Studied

Studied

_

382

131

8 1 ,5 0 0

52, 710

_ —

50

131
251

51
80

3 7 ,5 0 0
44, 000

25, 530
27, 180

_ _____ _

50
50
50
50
50

36
58
78
47
32

18
15
18
16
13

1 1 ,2 0 0
5, 900
14, 700
8, 700
3, 500

_ _

M a n u fa ctu rin g --------- — —
__ _ _
__ _ _____
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g— _____
T r a n s p o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and
o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s 5 — ------ __ _ _
— —
W h o le s a le tra d e 6 ______
R e ta il tra d e 6
_
.
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and re a l e s ta te 6
.......
S e r v i c e s 67
_ ..

-

9,
2,
7,
5,
1,

790
360
830
250
950

T he R ich m o n d Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a c o n s is t s o f the c it y o f R ich m o n d ; and the cou n ties o f C h e s te r fie ld and H e n r ic o . The
" w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r
f o r c e in clu d e d in the s u r v e y .
The e s tim a te s a!re not intended, h o w e v e r , to s e r v e as a b a s is o f c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo y m e n t in d e x e s fo r the
a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in c e (1) planning o f w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s the u s e o f e s ta b lis h m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in
ad va n ce o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv ey .
3 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u s e d in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n .
In clu d es a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t at o r ab o v e the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
A ll o u tlets (w ithin the area ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such
in d u s tr ie s as tr a d e , fin a n c e , auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e , and m o tio n p ic tu r e th e a te r s a r e c o n s id e r e d as 1 e s ta b lis h m e n t.
5 In clu d es all w o r k e r s in a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith total e m p lo y m e n t (w ithin the a re a ) at o r a b ove the m in im u m lim ita tio n .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
R ic h m o n d 's gas u tility is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is e x c lu d e d b y
d e fin itio n f r o m the s c o p e o f the study.
1
T h is in d u s try d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the S e r ie s A t a b le s . S ep a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n
o f data fo r this d iv is io n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in the d iv is io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e enough data
to m e r it s e p a r a te study, (2) the sa m p le w as not d e s ig n e d in it ia lly to p e r m it se p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequ ate to
p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s i b il i t y o f d i s c lo s u r e o f in divid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.
H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
and c h a r ita b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h ite c t u r a l s e r v ic e s .
6

T a b le 2.

In d exes o f sta n d a rd w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in R ic h m o n d , V a . ,
N o v e m b e r 1964 and N o v e m b e r 1963, and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
Indexes
(D e c e m b e r 1960=100)

In du stry and o c c u p a tio n a l grou p

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e

N o v e m b e r 1963 N o v e m b e r 1962 N o v e m b e r 1961 D e c e m b e r I960 F e b r u a r y I960
to
to
to
to
to
N o v e m b e r 1964 N o v e m b e r 1963
N o v e m b e r 1964 N o v e m b e r 1963 N o v e m b e r 1962 N o v e m b e r 1961 D e c e m b e r I960

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w o m e n )__
S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )_____________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) __________________

112.
106.
111.
118.

1
6
6
4

109.
106.
108.
115.

3
1
8
3

2.
.
2.
2.

M a n u fa ctu rin g :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w o m e n ) _____
In d u stria l n u r s e s (m e n and w om en ) —
S k ille d m a in te n a n ce (m e n )_____________
U n s k ille d plant ( m e n ) __________________

110. 0
105. 5
110. 6
1 1 9 .9

107.
105.
108.
116.

8
5
0
0

2. 1
0
2. 3
3. 3

6
5
6
7

6
5
3
1

2.
1.
2.
3.

5
0
6
2

3 .9
1. 5
3. 5
18. 3

2.
3.
3.
5.

6
7
4
3

2. 8
3 .4
1 .9
3. 7

2.
1.
2.
3.

0
5
7
2

2. 8
.5
3. 2

2.
3.
3.
2.

9
6
2
5

2.
3.
2.
3.

l8 . 4

1
T h e am ount o f th is in c r e a s e r e fle c t e d the e ffe c t o f the new m in im u m w a g e and ch a n g e s in em p lo y m e n t am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t
p a y le v e ls in a d d ition to g e n e r a l w age ch a n g e s .

3
W a g e Trends fo r Selected O ccu p ation al G roups

P resen ted in table 2 are indexes and p ercen tages o f change
in average sa la ries o f o ffice c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rses,
and in average earnings o f selected plant w ork er groups.
F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rse s, the p e r ­
centages of change relate to average w eekly sa la rie s fo r n orm al hours
o f w ork , that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which straight-tim e
salaries are paid. F or plant w ork er grou p s, they m easu re changes
in average straight-tim e hourly earn in gs, excluding prem ium pay for
overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. The
percentages are based on data fo r selected key occupations and in­
clude m ost o f the n um erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffice c le r ic a l data are based on m en and w om en in the follow ing
19 job s: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e ra to rs , cla ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; c le r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p ayroll; Com ptom eter o p era tors; keypunch o p e ra to rs, c la s s A and B;
o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograph ers, gen eral; sten ogra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard o p era tors; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B; and typ ists, c la ss A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on m en and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s a re included in the
plant w ork er data: Skilled— ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m ach in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; painters; p ip efitters; and tool and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs, p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m aterial handling.
A verage w eekly sa la ries or average hourly earnings w ere
computed for each o f the selected occu pation s. The average sa la ries
or hourly earnings w ere then m ultiplied by em ploym ent in each of
the job s during the p eriod surveyed in 1961. T hese weighted earnings




fo r individual occupations w ere then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. F inally, the ratio (exp ressed as a percentage)
o f the group aggregate fo r the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was com puted and the d ifferen ce between the resu lt and 100 is
the percentage o f change from the one period to the other. The
indexes w ere com puted by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate fo r each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percen tages o f change m easu re, prin cip ally,
the effects o f (1) gen eral salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
in cre a se s in pay re ce iv e d by individual w ork ers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average w ages due to changes in the labor fo rce
resulting fro m labor tu rn over, fo r c e expansions, fo r c e redu ction s,
and changes in the proportion s o f w ork ers em ployed by establishm ents
with differen t pay le v e ls.
Changes in the labor fo rce can cause
in cre a se s or d e cre a se s in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
F or exam ple, a fo r c e expansion might in crease the
p roportion o f low er paid w ork ers in a sp e cific occupation and low er
the a vera ge, w hereas a reduction in the p roportion of low er paid
w ork ers would have the opposite effect. S im ilarly , the m ovem ent of
a high-paying establishm ent out o f an area could cause the average
earnings to d ro p , even though no change in rates o ccu rre d in other
establishm ents in the area.
The use of constant em ploym ent weights elim inates the effect
of changes in the prop ortion of w ork ers represen ted in each job in ­
cluded in the data. The percen tages of change re fle ct only changes in
average pay fo r straight-tim e hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard w ork schedules, as such, or by prem ium pay
fo r overtim e.

4

A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Richmond, Va. , N ovem ber 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of —
$

S

Under
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

65

$

S

50

55

S

60

3

S

65

70

t
75

i
%

$
80

85

$

i
90

95

$

t

100

105

S
no

$
115

10
2

S

%

125

$

%

130

135

and
under

t
45

140

and

50

55

60

65

70

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

115

no

12
0

125

130

135

140

over

M
EN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES4 ---------------------------

131
78
53
30

39.0
39.0
38.5
4 0.0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 ---------------------------

98
54
44
33

39.0
39.0
39.5
4 0.0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------

80

OFFICE BOYS ------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES4---------------------------

93
74
30

$
119.00
126.00
108.50

111.00
97.00

$
$
116.50 1 0 2 .5 0 131.00 1 0 6 .5 0 9 7.5 0114.00 1 04 .00 -

8 2 . 0 0 - 112.50
8 5 . 0 0 - 119.00
74.0 08 7.5 0-

110.00
112.00

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

L

2
1

3

2
2
1

85.00

8 0.0 0-

92.00

-

-

-

-

5

-

1
0

5

6
1
5
1
1
1
9
2
2
20

59.00
56.00
85.50

5 3.5 05 2.5 05 4.5 0-

72.00
69.00

_
-

_
-

35
35
9

15

6

13
9

4
-

_
-

_
-

2
2

1

1
0

4

1

112.00

93.00
98.50

95.00
96.00
94.50
101.50

40.0

88.50

38.0
38.0
39.5

64.50
62.50
72.00

101.00

$
139.00
143.50
124.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------------------------

36
30

37.5
37.5

100.00
100.00

98.50
99.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C ------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

54
46

39.0
39.0

72.50
70.00

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) -----------------------------------------------------

32

40.0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------kimiUAklllC ATTIIfi iiiU
INUNnAOlUrAl# 1U IfclT
K

94
74

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

121.00

88.00

-

9 2 . 0 0 - 106.00
9 3 . 0 0 - 105.50

-

71.00
70.00

6 4.5 06 4.00-

85.00
78.00

-

65.00

61.50

5 8.00-

72.00

38.0
.u

67.50
.u

64.00
•u

59.00-

70.00

*

*

90
33
57

38.5
39.5
38.0

77.50
79.50
76.00

76.00
80.00
70.00

6 7 .0 0 - 89.50
6 9 .5 0 - 90.50
. 0 0 - 89.50

131

39.0

66.00

67.00
75.00
66.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

318
43
2 75

38.0
39.0
38.0

89.50
89.50
90.00

91.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL ITI ES4 ---------------------------

461
65
396
105

38.0
39.0
38.0
39.0

74.50
86.50
72.50
83.50

-

-

-

-

1
0

2
2

-

4

4
-

-

-

-

-

x

1

5
3

1

-

_

_
-

~

1

14

2
2
1
8
8
-

1
1

3
3

2

4

l

4
3
l
~

1
0
8
2
2

2
l
1
l

13
4
9
l

n

1
0
i
l

1
2
4
8
8

1
0
4
6
6

3
_
3

7
4
3
3

2

7

3
3

5
4

7
3
4

-

6

1

1
1
8

2

5

6

3
3

3
3

l
5
5

4

-

-

3

5
5

9
7

6
6

3
3

2

_

_

l

-

1
0

_

2

-

1

_

_

-

“

2

-

3
3

-

-

8

6
6

6

7

l

-

-

4
3
l

1l
9
2
l

7
3
4
4

19

4

16
16
16

2

11
8
3
1

4
3

1

_
_
_

_
_
_

7

30
3 ?9

1
1
6
6

4

4

5
l

2

6
1

l

-

-

-

-

1

-

2

4
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

W EN
OM

~

66

1
-

-

13

8

1

5

2

-

“

1

30

2
1

2
0

4

3

-

1

1
0

-

4

9

1
2

2
2

3

1

1
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

6
6

4
4

-

1
1

26

_

_

-

-

1
0

13

50

52

1

29
9

5

1

1

9
7

20

4

18

32

1
2

26

15
5

7
7

9
9

11
5
1
2

8
8
6
1
0

73

61
15

47
9
38

2

7

6
1

2

-

~

8

7

5
7

32
7
25

35
3
27

140

31

44

25
9

38
29

1
2

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
u AAine ArTtio ifctr AP Ur At I UK XPili
H i
NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




5 9.0 0-

75.00
94.50

100.00

91.50

85.008 0.5 0.0 0 -

72.00
83.50
70.00
84.00

6 5 .0 0 7 3 . BO63. 507 2.50-

83.50
97.00
80.50
89.00

88.00

86

94.00
_
-

1
1

-

~

-

-

13

50

6

2

50
3

82

1
2

1
2

6

6

6

142

2

23
6
17
1

28

6
2
2
1
0
6
4
3

6
2
4
7
5

2
2

3
5

7
7

1

l

3
3

1

4

2
2
6
6
6

3

_

-

-

3
_

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

-

~

~

_
-

-

5
Table A-L Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A verage straigh t-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Richmond, V a ., N ovem ber 1964)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d a rd )

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b er
of
w orkers

$

A v e ra g e
w e e k ly
h ou rs1
(stan da rd)

45

Under
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le r a n g e 2

55

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

10 0

105

110

115

12 0

3
3

6
6

-

11
9

4
4

17
15

3
2

2
1

5
4

2
2

2
2

1
1

1
l

1
1

-

-

34

53

33

37

17

9

3

3

7

5

5

9

5

4
4

4

4

2

2
2

2
2

2

l

_

_

l

-

_
-

6

55
19
36
15

%

%

*

and
under

$

45

50
WMN O E

50

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
t
1
1
1
$
S
3
t
S
$
%
$
$
$
$
$
1
95 10 0
105 1 1 0
115 12 0
125 130 135 140
60
65
70
75
80
85
90

$

and
125

130

135

140 over

CONTINUED

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A ------------------------------nonmanufacturing ------------------------------------

58
51

3 8 .0
3 7.5

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 -------------------------------

206

3 8 .0

$

7 7.00
7 6.50
6 5 .0 0

$

$

$

7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

6 7 .5 0 - 8 5.50
6 7 .0 0 - 8 5 .0 0

6 2 .5 0

5 6 .5 0 - 7 0.00

-

-

_

~
_

l

5 5 .5 0 - 6 7 .5 0
31
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------------------------NONM
ANUFACTUR ING ------------------------------------

160
136

U l.

’ *

38.5
38.5
/n

n

A.

5 6 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

5 6 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

1
5 3 .0 0 - 5 9 .0 0
5 3 .5 0 - 59 .5 0

_

_

-

-

63
46

68
63

16
16

-

—

-

-

-

7

15

U

-

13
ll

NONM
ANUFACTUR ING ------------------------------------

28

4 0 .0

ftrt
7 2 .0 0

6 7 .5 0

5 8 .0 0 - 9 1 .0 0

-

2

9

3

1

6

-

-

-

6

1

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

141
49
92

39.0
3 9.0
38.5

8 3 .5 0
85 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

81 .0 0
77.00
8 2 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 4 .0 0

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

15
6
9

30
12
18

10
7
3

19
2
17

9
2
7

12
2
10

14

-

12
4
8

3
3

COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATORS ------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

159
45
114

39.5
40 .0
39.5

7 1 .0 0
70 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

7 0 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
70 .5 0

6 4 .5 0 - 78 .0 0
6 5 .5 0 - 7 9 .0 0
6 4 .0 0 - 7 8 .5 0

_

_

-

-

24
4
20

38
16
22

29
7
22

16
2
14

11
4
7

4
2
2

10
1
9

_
-

11
8
3

9
l
8

1
—
I

1

l

25

6

18

duplicating - machine operators
lUfucnrAinu U ftt r to a
1H1P UUKflrn nn till Mil
IC
K

1L.

-

-

f 1.3U

f i'.UU

125
49
76

39.0
4 0 .0
38.5

8 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 - 86 .5 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

_
-

_
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8 ------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------------N'IM4ANIlPArTllrt IfclC - ■ ■ - ■■--------------------INJIy n WiUr M 1 U liNU
U M
nnoi t
rUDL 1 f UtIL T ¥ ,
L i ■1 ii I 1- ICo

303
28
2 75

38.5
39.5
3 8 .0

70 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
70 .0 0
BJ.3U

6 7 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
66 .5 0
Vl.UU

6 0 .0 0 6 4 .0 0 5 9 .0 0 —
i i nn_

-

-

9
l

8

At on
Ov. j U- oA.UU

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

10
5
5

HPF l r c rioi <
UPrt u r b 1K o* •
L
AirlkiU AAiiiCArriiii i m /*
PKlPnAPiUrAb 1 U |*Nb
K

£0

Of

19
-

19

2
2

12
2
10

33
6
27

16
5
11

27
15
12

59
59

48
9
39

73

32
8
24

17
5
12

5
4
1
1

l

11

lO

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

975
357
618
111

39.0 9 2 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 -1 0 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
4 0 .0
9 6 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
38.5 9 0 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 -1 0 1 .5 0
39.5 109.50 115.50 1 0 1 . 0 0 - 1 2 1 . 0 0

_
“

_
”

_
-

11
6
5

STENOGRAPHERS, GFNERAL ----------------------n Aiiurmu l U (iiu
K
-i- —
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

621
209
412
152

3 8 .5
39.5
38.0
3 9.5

7 8 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
72 .0 0
9 3 .0 0 1 0 1 . 0 0

6 7 .5 0 - 8 4 .5 0
7s n n nn
6 6 .5 0 - 9 4 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

_

-

2

-

-

2

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

222
73
149
45

3 8.5
3 9.5
38.0
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

8 5 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 1 .5 0
7 1 .5 0 - 9 5 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 -1 0 7 .5 0

“

_
-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS--------------------------148 4 0 .0
28
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------39.5
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------- 4 0 .5
120
PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ----------------------------------- 4 0 .0
8
?

7 0 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

6 8 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

6 0 .5 0 - 8 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
5 7 .0 0 - 7 5.00
7 8 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0

See footnotes at end o f table.




DO

”

* uu

12
-

12

-

4
-

4

7
3
4

_

_

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

~

-

~

6

6
6

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

30
16
14
5

57
18
39
28

27
7
20
13

16
4
12
8

7
1
6
5

2
l
1
1

16
12
4
3

-

*

1

l

72

*

ci
c n c a cn
31. W -. 3n.3U
ci nn. cn cn
31.UU 3B.3U

62
—— — —— — —
— — — — —

7 4 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
74 .0 0
07 cn

5

_
-

2

12

1

l

25

18
18

*

1

°

26
6
20

50
11
39
1

59
4
55
3

75
5
70
7

134
48
86
3

123
51
72
3

109
48
61
2

111
64
47
3

18

71

79
48
31
2

95
73
22
4

29
24
5
-

8

20

47

30

8

1

2

1

_

_

_

64
12

119
13
106
19

91
23

9
3

3
3

16
15

44
44

30
30

8

1
l

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

_
-

3
3

4
-

37
9
28
9

19

24
7
17
2

26
13
13
3

11
3

21

6

6

2

8

15
2

4

9

2
2
-

8

-

1
1
-

_
-

2

5
1
-

22
13
9
3

13

6

4

25
2
23

1
l
-

1
l
~

10

10

23

21

2

12

1

l

_

-

2

1

-

23

19
3

4

-

-

10

10

2

68
8

4

15
4

8

16
3
13

9
5
4

17
9

4
3

4
3

8

1

2

6

l
l

1

1

-

2
2

67
36
31
6

-

-

12

9

1
1

8

-

4

-

-

_
-

1

-

-

1
1
_

_
-

_
-

6
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w eek ly h ou rs and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o cc u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , R ich m on d , V a. , N o v e m b e r 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of—
$

Average
weekly
hours1
( standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

$

95

100

s

105

s
110

$
115

$

120

140

125

and
under

and

50

WOMEN -

$

$

50

55

60

ft 5

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

4

31
16
15

20
6
14

1

-

18

17
8
9

1
1

4

16
10
6

1

-

17
5
12

18

-

_

_

~

3
3

2
2

4
4

13
13

13
8

7
7

4
2

5
5

13
13

11
11

6
3

10
6

21
19

10
8

9
5

4

l

9
2
7
4

16
16
9

68
6
62
4

70
10
60

3

33
2
31
2

74
19

53
18
35
6

21
6
15
2

105

110

115

2
2

120

“

125

130

135

140

over

~

-

-

-

“

CONTINUED

$

$

$

$

SWITCHBOARD 0PFRATOP-RECEPTION I S T S MANUFACTUR I N C ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

127
48
79

4 0 .0
40.0
4 0 .0

7 0.50
70.5 0
7 0.00

69.5 0
68.0 0
7 1.00

6 3 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

78.00
7 8 .5 0
7 8.00

TA8ULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS 8 -------------------------------------------------------------NONMANU^ACTURING ------------------------------------

83
75

38.0
38.0

8 5 .0 0
8 4.0 0

8 6 .0 0
8 6.0 0

7 9 .5 0 7 9.0 0 -

8 9.0 0
89.0 0

TABULATING- MACHINt OPERATORS*
CLASS C --------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

48
43

36.5
3 6.0

69.5 0
69.5 0

72.5 0
7 2.5 0

6 4 .0 0 6 5 .0 0 -

77.50
7 7.00

TRANSCRIBING- MACHINt OPERATORS,
GENERAL ,-------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

66
51

39.5
3 9 .0

69.5 0
7 0.00

66.0 0
65.5 0

6 1 .5 0 6 2 . GO-

75.5 0
8 0 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 1 ------------------------------2
*
4

2 48
37
2 11
32

3 7.5
38.5
3 7.5
3 9.0

73.0 0
7 8 .5 0
72.0 0
75.5 0

72.0 0
74.50
7 1 .5 0
6 9.5 0

6 7 .506 9 .5 0 6 7 .0 0 6 2 .5 0 -

77.5 0
.88.50
76.5 0
8 3 .5 0

T YPI ST S* CLASS H ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NON3ANUFACTURI NG-----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4 -------------------------------

5 72
87
4 85
41

3 R .5
39.5
3 8.0
4 0.0

6 2.0 0
66.5 0
6 1.5 0
73.0 0

61.0 0
67.0 0
60.0 0
6 8.5 0

5 7 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 -

6 6.5 0
7 3.00
64.5 0
7 9 .0 0

-

“
_

_

*

~

_

~
_

2
2

_

.

*

~

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

6
2
4

~
78
12
66

1 81

3
1 78
1

-

149
22
127
14

55
9

-

1
1

1

35
35

“

9
8

4
4

5
5

-

3
3

24
3
21
4

9
5
4

2

_
-

-

2

2
2

2
1

4

2

-

-

-

1

_

2

1

-

-

-

1

1

"

4
4

1

-

7
7

_

6

3

-

-

6

3
3

6

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straight-tim e sa laries and the earnings corresp ond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half re ce ive less than the rate shown.
The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn le ss than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
* W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 14 at $ 140 to $ 145; 1 at $ 145 to $ 150; 5 at $ 150 to $ 155; 3 at $ 155 to $ 160; 3 at $ 160 to $ 165; and 3 at over $ 165.
4 Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities.




7
Table A-2.

Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , R ich m o n d , V a ., N o v e m b e r 1964)
W e e k l y ear nings1
(standard)
Numb er
of
woifcers

Sex, o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s of---$

A ve ra ge
w ee k ly
hours1
(standard)

70
Mean1
2

M ed ia n 2

Mi dd le range 2

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

S
125

$
130

135

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

L?5

130

135

140

11

12
10

4
2

and
u nd er
75

W EN
OM

NURSES, INDUS TRIAL
MANUFACTURING

(R E G IS T E R E D )-----—
—

56
45

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0 f 0 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 1 0 2 .5 0

$
$
9 5 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

1 Standard h o u r s r e fle c t the w o rk w e e k f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




Data w e r e not
d e s c r ip t io n s , w h ich
It w as not fe a s ib le
f o r d r a fts m e n and

2
2

-

4
2

4
4

3
2

8

s t r a ig h t-t im e s a la r ie s and the e a rn in g s

c o ll e c t e d f o r d r a fts m e n and t r a c e r s due to the r e v is io n o f o c c u p a tio n a l
w e r e r e v is e d to f a c ilita te im p r o v e d c la s s if ic a t io n .
(S ee a pp en dix A .)
to c o ll e c t e a rn in g s data b y m a il the f i r s t y e a r ; h o w e v e r , e a rn in g s data
t r a c e r s w ill be c o ll e c t e d by p e r s o n a l v is it and p u b lis h e d n ext y e a r .

2

2

2

corresp on d

2
1

1
2

1

4
4

5
5

to th e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .

8
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and W om en Combined
(A vera ge stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly hours and earnings fo r s e le cte d o ccu pation s studied on an a rea b a sis
by industry d ivision ! R ichm ond, V a ., N ovem ber 1964)
Average

Average
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
woikers

Weekly Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

164
65
99

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

$
8 4 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

6 7 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

162

94
74

114

39.5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

90
33
57

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 7 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

OUPL ICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH O DITTO) ----------------------R
NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

43
28

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 1.50

KEYPUNCH OPERAIORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

127
50
77

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38.5

8 1 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
7 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS ft ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 --------------------------

310
23
90

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
38.o
39 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

155
25
130
46

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

1 ,0 0 6
357
649
142

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38 .5
3 9.5

9 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
11 3 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR ING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

640
209
431
171

3 8 .5
39.5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

22 3
74
149
45

3H.5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

8 7 .5 0
9 6 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
9 0 .5 0

39
36

BILLERS, MACHINE ( 8PCKKEFPING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------NON MANUFACTURING-----------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NJNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------BOOKKFPPING—
MACHINfc OPERATORS,
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------nonmanufacturing ------------------------------

173
34
139

3 9 .0
39.5
3 9 .0

6 7 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

CLFRKS, ACCOUNTING, Cl ASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

449
m
328

1 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0

9 8 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0
9 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------N^MANUFACTURING-----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

559
119
440
138

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0
9 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
8 7 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

79
1?
? 8

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

8 9 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

2 38
43
195

3 8 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0

6 7 .0 0
6 9 .5 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

163
139

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

5 6 .0 0
5 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

131
56

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 3 .5 0
9 3 .5 0

6 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

Occupation and industry division

4ft

2B2

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

145
29
120
28

4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .5
4 0 .0

$
7 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

SWITCHBOARO OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

127
48
79

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 0 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

54
45

3 8 .0
38.0

9 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0

TABULATING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

156
134

38.0
3 8.0

8 4 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINF OPERATORS,
CLASS C ---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

102
89

3 8 .0
3 7.5

7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

82
51

39 .5
1 9 .0

73 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

248
37
211
32

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
37 .5
3 9 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

TYPISTS, CLASS 8 -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2--------------------------

5 76
87
489
45

3 8 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
4 0 .0

6 2 .5 0
6 6 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

58
45

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

$
7 0 .0 0
6 7 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE BILLING
MACHINE) -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTUR IMG------------------------------

Average
Number
of
workers

1 0 5 .0 0
1 06.50

9
Table A -4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r m e n in s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
by in d u stry d iv is io n , R ich m on d , V a. , N o v e m b e r 1964)

Number of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 1

c
o
cv

Me an 23 Median 2
14

Middle range 2

$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
TT d e r 1-30 1.40 1..50 1.60 l..70 1..80 1 . 9 0
Un J
$
and
1.30 under
1.40

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

92
66
26

2.97
2.8 7

$
3.06
3.06
3.0 0

$
2 .7 6 2 .9 4 -

$
3 .25
3.24

2 .6 3 -

3.2 7

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

226
219

3.18
3.19

3.31
3 .31

3 .0 7 3 .0 7 -

ENGINEERS* STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

67
49

2.70
2 .75

2.75
2.83

2 .4 8 2 .5 4 -

3.02
3.03

~

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

74
59

1.96
2.12

1.8 9
2.31

1.7 3 1.7 8 -

2.45
2.49

10
“

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

138
103
35

2.44
2.44
2.4 5

2.64
2.64
2 .71

2 .1 9 2 .6 0 1.98 -

2.68
2 .67
2.93

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

260
257

3.09
3 .09

3.21
3.22

3 .0 1 3 .0 1 -

3.28
3.2 8

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------

257
45
212
169

2 .55
2.47
2.57
2.61

2
2
2
2

2
2
2
2

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

502
479

3.02
3.01

3.09
3.09

2 .7 6 2 .7 6 -

3.34
3.33

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

180
180

3 . 19
3.19

3 .25
3.25

3 .0 5 3 .0 5 -

84
83

2.18
2 .18

2.30
2.30

1 .9 3 1.9 4 -

2.36
2.36

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------

91
78

2.95
3.07

3 .22
3.23

2 .6 7 3 .1 2 -

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

124
124

3.26
3.26

3.3 3
3.33

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

57
57

3.22
3.22

3.3 0
3.30

1.70

-

~

~

~

1..80 1..90

*
$
2 .50 2.60

2 . 2 0 2.3 0 2 . 4 0

2.50

2.60 2.70 2.80

.4
.5
.4
.4

8
9
7
7

-

3
3
~

1
1

-

~

~

4
8
1
5

-

3.0
2.8
3.1
3 .1

6
6
2
4

1

1
1

~

~

-

l
1

-

15
14

9

6
6

4
4

7
6
1

1
1

2
2

1

2
2

l
1

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

$
3.10

$
3.20

S
3.30

3.40

2.90

3 .00

3. 10 3.20

3.30

3.40

over

1
l
~

1
1

1
1

5
5
-

23
23

1
1

27
17
10

5
5

3
3

7
7

-

4

7

30
29

124
123

1
1

5

-

6

8

4

4

_

4

3
2
1

3
3

10
6
4

8

3
2

4
3

4

8
8

27
27

4

5
4

6
4

8
8

3
2

l3
13

-

2
-

-

_

_

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

8

_

_

2
~

1
~

3
3

~

9
9

7
7

12
12

-

6
2

5

4

4

4

_
-

76
76
-

10
3
7

_
-

11
11

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

1

3
1

l
1

4

1
1

_
-

~

2
2

2
2

3

10
10

1
l

1

3
3

8
7

7
7

_

3

21
21

55
55

3
1

100
100

41

~

3
3

5
5
1

12
7
5
1

25
25
19

7
5
2
2

30
30
30

39
2
37
37

4

5
5
4

20
20
17

20
20
-

2
2
-

7
7

~

~

37
37
30

24

3
1
1

-

3
3

14
14

16
16

28
28

22
22

26
23

9
9

12
8

26
21

16
16

90
90

_

4
4

-

l
1

-

_

_

_

“

-

79
79

5
5

8

35
35

1
l

_

_

_

-

-

6
6

_

8

4

2
l

4
l

2
1

3
3

6
6

1
1

-

-

_

-

_
-

_
-

8

-

-

-

-

"

'

'

~

_
-

2
2

6
6

8

4

3
5

3
1

~

~

~

4

l

~

_
~

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

“

~

*

-

2
1

“

1

2
2

1
1

1
1

6
6

7
6

1

-

l

10
10

1
l

3.2 6
3.2 7

-

-

-

2

2

-

-

-

_

3 .0 8 3 .0 8 -

3.36
3.36

-

3 .0 7 3 .0 7 -

3.3 5
3.35

-

1

4

4
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
W orkers w ere distributed as fo llo w s : 1 at $0. 90 to $ 1; 4 at $ 1 to $1. 10; 4 at $ 1 .1 0 to $ 1 .2 0 ; and 1 at $ 1. 20 to $ 1. 30.
Transportation, com munication, and other public utilities.




$
3.0 0

1
1

-

"
.2
.0
.3
.3

1
-

3
3
3
3

~

S
2.90

$
$
2.70 2.80

and

2.10

3.35
3 .35

OILERS-----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

l..60

$
2.40

3.36
3 .36

1
2
3
4

$
2.94

1.50

$
$
$
2 . 1 0 2.2 0 2 . 3 0

o
o

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

-

-

1
1

4
1

-

”
_
-

_
-

_
-

_

3

-

41
.

.

-

-

183
183

10

40

_

ll
11

84
84

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

24

22
47

-

_

_

~

-

82

_

1

2

~

~

1
1

3
2

4
4

55
55

1
1

_

_

36
36

_

4
4

82

l
1

_
-

19
19

_
-

7
7

29
29

_
-

_
-

10
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage stra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r s e le cte d occu pation s studied on an a re a b a s is
b y industry divisio n , R ichm ond, V a ., N ovem ber 1964)
N um ber o f w o rk e rs re c e iv in g stra igh t-tim e h ou rly earnings of—

H o u r ly e a r n in g s 2

$
Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

$

1.10

1.20

S
i
$
$
$
$
S
$
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 . 0 0

1.20

O ccu p a tion 1 and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
woikers

1 .3 0

1 .4 0 1 .5 0

1 .6 0

2
2

8

1
1

-

7

3

5

28

15

12

17

-

-

8

1

3

5

20

14

1.10

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
I WOMEN)---------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------GUARDS AND W
ATCHM
EN -----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4-------------------------JANITORS, PORTERS, ANO CLEANERS
IW
OMEN) ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

$

$
30
29

•8 8
.8 7

.7 2
.6 9

$
$
. 6 2 - 1 .2 4
. 6 2 - 1 .2 4

18
18

2 .0 0

2 .0 4
2 .1 0

102

2 .1 8
1 .7 7

1 .5 4

1 . 4 8 - 2 .3 8
1 . 7 0 - 2 .6 2
1 . 2 9 - 2 .3 6

93

1 .8 2

1 .8 7

1 . 5 9 - 2 .1 1

975
423
552
98

1 .5 7
1 .8 2
1 .3 8
1 .8 7

1 .5 3
1 .8 2
1 .2 9
1 .7 0

1 .2 6 1 .5 8 1 .1 3 1 .6 3 -

1 .9 2
2 .0 9
1 .6 0
2 .2 2

57

224

1 .3 6
1 .5 7
1 .2 7

1 .2 9
1 .4 6
1 .2 5

1 . 2 0 - 1 .5 0
1 . 3 0 - 1 .8 4
1 . 1 6 - 1 .4 4

239
137

66

158

-

-

5
7

11
6

8

1

5

11

10

93
48
45
-

76
16
60

56
28
28

10

2

97
40
57
38

12

36
15

18
18

5
5

52
17
35
9

91
85

234
14

25

33

15
15

-

-

7
3
4

63
59
4
3

22

92
84

6

40
33
7
4

4
4

11
121
6
6

_

6

-

6

3
3

6

156
45
ill
-

—
“

5
5

2

1

1

34

24

32

7
15

_

24
l

11
1

3

73
44

21

3

2

21

2

11
2

5
5

11
2

10

6

1

6

1 .9 0
2 .2 3
1 .8 0

1 .8 5
2 .1 9
1 .8 3

1 . 5 9 - 2 .1 9
1 . 9 1 - 2 .7 1
1 . 5 4 - 1 .3 9

—

PACKERS, SHIPPING---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

163
99

1 .6 1
1 .7 5

1 .5 6
1 .6 1

1 . 5 0 - 1 .6 6
1 . 5 5 - 1 .8 7

_

RFCEIVING CLERKS -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

94
49
45

2.21

1 . 8 0 - 2 .7 4
2 . 1 5 - 2 .9 4
1 . 6 4 - 2 .3 3

_

2 .5 0
1 .8 9

2 .3 2
2 .5 4
1 .8 1

SHIPPING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NINMANUFACTURING------------------------------

81
46
35

2 .2 4
2 .3 2
2 .1 4

2 .3 2
2 .3 4
2 .3 2

2 . 0 4 - 2 .4 0
2 . 0 5 - 2 .5 5
1 . 8 0 - 2 .3 6

-

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------

45

2 .3 3

2 .2 8

2 . 0 8 - 2 .7 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKOR IVERS5 -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PU8LIC UTILITIES4--------------------------

1 ,1 3 8
245
893
578

2.00

1
-

50

177
56

36

30
18

2 .20

1 .5 5 1 .3 9 1 .6 2 1 .6 9 -

5

1 .7 8
2 .0 6
2 .2 7

1 .9 7
1 .7 9
2 .1 3

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT CUNOFR
1 - 1 /2 TONS) ---------------------------------------N3NMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

156
138

1 .9 6
1 .9 8

1 .9 1
1 .9 9

1 . 4 5 - 2 .5 4
1 . 4 9 - 2 .5 4

TRUCKORIVERS, MEDIUM I 1—1 /2 TO
ANO INCLUDING 4 TONS) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------------

547
161
386
259

1 .9 8
1 .7 5
2 .0 7
2 .4 0

2 .12

1 .7 3
2 .1 8
2 .4 5

1 .4 2 1 .4 1 1 .4 3 2 .1 8 -

6

-

_
-

-

1

"

1
1

_
-

3 . 10

-

36

6

-

5
—
5

3
—
3

_
-

_
*

—

-

-

-

220
1
22

9
_
—
-

56
12
2

6
6

8

~
100

91
9

132

9

8

30
29

-

31
31
-

22
20

8

7

8
8

13
l

16
16

11
11

-

12

—
-

—

5

4
4

6
6

_
-

2
1

1

l
8

10

4
4

_
-

7

7

16

20

10

10

10

6

-

4

4

133
9
124
12?

6

2

?

2

6

2

2

-

20
20
-

6
6

94
9
85
85

3
3

?0
20

12

6

8

9

2

8

7
7

6
6

15
3

2

30

101

10
20

29
72

?
18
4

17
4
13

21

-

8
6

15
6

2

-

1

-

8

3
3

1

-

8

-

_

_

_

1

8

-

-

-

-

70
65
5
5

141

1

_

-

_

-

_

_

141
105

1

-

-

-

~

-

-

44
44

11

4
3
l

24
24
“

_
-

_
-

-

6

_
-

2

_

_

_

~

-

4
4

_

?
8
2
6

6
6

10
10

_
—

3
3

27

5
5

-

_
-

_
—

-

11
1

6

2

1
-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

8

6

30

16
-

2

2

-

121

2

10

35
25

10

?4
16

8
-

1

40
-

-

11
2

30
17
13
-

-

5
-

12

8
2

186
4
18?
162

-

20

17
3

73
46
?7
27

9

9

20

31
29

_

3
3

154
25
129
“

388
90
298




58
26
32
30

7
5

-

See footn otes at end o f table.

2

48
43
5
5

17
49

—

2 .4 5
2 .0 6
2 .5 0
2 .5 4

3

28
19
9
5

35
27

66

-

S
$
f
%
$
t
%
$
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

25

41
41
6

2 .4 7
2 .1 5
2 .5 2
2 .5 5

17

15

-

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0

76
72
4

-

_

2 .2 0

l

~

_

2 .1 0

10

5
68

10
10

100

21

2 .0 0

-

5
l

-

15

t
2.20

4
l
3

6

57

2 .1 6
2 .1 7
2 .0 9
2 .4 6

ORDER FILLCRS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

12
10
2

145
19
126
l

1 .4 2 1 .5 6 1 .3 4 2 .1 6 -

1 ,2 9 5
564
731
187

1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0

100
—

-

$
2 .10

and
under

1 .7 7 ' 1 . 6 8
1 .8 5
1 .8 2
1 .7 0
1 .6 4
2 .4 1
2 .2 4

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------- --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------------------------

1

1
1

Under
$

4
?6

17
9
9

?i
15
6
6

_

6

5

7
7

-

_

_

-

-

-

3
3

18
18

_
-

_
-

l

3
3

2

1

2

1
1

21

4

4

1

1

5

l

-

5

25
16
9
5

108
17
91

138

5
5

_

-

_

_

86

-

-

-

-

137
79

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

5
4

-

60
60

6

73

78

2

6

1

4
4

67
67

77
77

-

107
-

107
107
-

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

-

-

-

20

11
Table A -5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A verage stra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an area b a sis
by industry division , Richm ond, Va., N ovem ber 1964)1
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5

Data lim ited to m en w o rk e rs except w here oth erw ise indicated.
E xcludes prem iu m pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays,
F o r defin ition of te r m s , see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.
Includes all d r iv e r s r e g a rd le s s of size and type of truck operated.




and late shifts.




Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.

Switchboard operator. The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




13

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.
The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE
BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc ., which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shinning charges and entrv of necessarv extensions.
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.



CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
15

16

CLERK, ACCOUNTING—Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations* May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B* Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER—Continue d
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as woricer's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

17

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical woxk.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
e tc .; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full*' telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information puiposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e. g* 9 giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

18

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties* This typing or
clerical woik may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard*

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR—Continued
specific instructions* May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work* The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations*

TRANSCRBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others* Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required* The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators*
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator* This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams* The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report* Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established* May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine*
Class C* Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc*, with



Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person* May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes* May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail*
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, e tc ., of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing* May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

19

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a com bination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees1 injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwoik and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Woik involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of woik; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




20

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; woiking standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electricians handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning woiking areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping



Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of woik; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of woik, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

21

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the woik of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.



PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following;
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Woik involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

22

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AND DIE MAKER—Continued

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalwoiking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required* In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of woik from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes* In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience*

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming wodc. Work inC US T ODI A L

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification*

MATERI AL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER—Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment* Woikers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded*

or other establishment* Duties involve a combination of the following;
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms* Woikers who
specialize in window washing are excluded*

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary* Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering*
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial



LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded*

23

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in flipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Woik requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( I V 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.

Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U .S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Bulletin n\ ^ber
and price

Area

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1_______________________________
Albany-Schenectady— roy , N. Y. , M ar. 1964 1
T
__________
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , Feb. 1964 1
N.
__
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964 1_______________________________
Baltim ore, Md. , Nov. 1963____________________________
Beaumont— ort Arthur, T e x ., May 1964 1
P
______________
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
_________________________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
___________________________
Boston, M a ss., Oct. 1964 1
_____________________________

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963_______________________________
Burlington, Vt. , M ar. 1964___________ ________ _________
Canton, Ohio, Apr. 19641______________________________
Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
_______________________
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
___________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964 1____________ _____
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641______________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , M ar. 1964 1______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1___________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 19641____________________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1430-18,

25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
30 cents
30 cents

Dallas, T e x ., Nov. 1963Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow aM
Ill. , Oct. 1963__________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1___
Denver, C o lo ., Dec. 1963 1
__
Des M oines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1___________
Detroit, Mich. , Jan. 1964________________
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1963_____________
Green Bay, Wis. , Aug. 1964 1___________
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1_____________________
Houston, T e x ., June 1964 1_______________________
Indianapolis, Ind. , Dec. 1963 1___________________
Jackson, M is s ., Feb. 1964 1_____________________
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964____________________
Kansas City, M o .—
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
____________
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— H. , June 1964 1__
N.
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 l .
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, Calif. , Mar. 1964 1
____
L ouisville, K y .—
Ind. , Feb. 1964__________________
Lubbock, T e x ., June 1964 1
_______________________
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1____
Memphis, T enn ., Jan. 1964 1____________________

Bulletin number
and price

Miami, F la ., Dec. 1963 1________________________________
Milwaukee, Wis. , Apr. 1964_________ ..__________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1964 1_______
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1_____________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1964 1
___________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964____________________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 1964 1____________________________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964_______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
_______________________

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 19641_______________________
Paterson—
Clifton— a ssa ic, N. J. , May 1964 1
P
___________
Philadelphia, P a .-N . J. , Nov. 1963 1___________________
Phoenix, A riz. , Mar. 19641___________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964_____________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 1___________________________
Portland, Oreg. —
Wash. , May 1964 1____________________
Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .—
Mass. , May 1964________
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964--------------------------------------------_______
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1964____________________ —

1430-17,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1430-19,

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
20cents
25 cents

1385-60,
1385-21,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25
25
20
20

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

1385-12,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

R ockford, 111., Apr. 19641
_____________________________
St. Louis, M o .-H I., Oct. 1963_________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963_______________________
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964___________________________
San Bernardino—
Riverside—
Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964_____________________________________________
San Diego, C a lif., Sept. 1964 1_________________________
San F rancisco—
Oakland, Calif. , J an. 1964 1____________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
______________________________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964______________________________
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964_____________________________

1385-30,
1385-41,
1385-32,
1385-26,
1385-76,
1430-7,
1385-59,
1385-50,
1385-75,
1430-4,
1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. D ak., Oct. 1964_________________________ 1430-15,
South Bend, Ind., Mar. 1964 1____________________________ 1385-51,
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964_______________________________ 1385-78,
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_________________________________ 1385-46,
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963________________________________ 1385-27,
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a . , Oct. 19641________________ 1430-14,
Waterbury, Conn., Mar. 1964 1________________________ _ 1385-48,
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963_______________________________ 1385-18,
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1__________________
1430-11,
W orcester, M ass. , June 1964 1
___________________________ 1385-79,
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1___________________________________ 1385-45,

— 1385-15, 25 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

25
25
30
25
25
25
25
20

cents
cents
cents
cents

1430-8,
20cents
1430-12, 25 cents
1385 - 36, 25 cents
1385-69, 25 cents
1430-2,
20cents
1430-9,
25cents
20 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
20 cents
30 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102