View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Wage Survey

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
OCTOBER 1964

B u l l e t i n No. 1430-16




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard W irtz, Secretary
B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
Ew a n C la g u e, C o m m istio n e r




Occupational Wage Survey
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS




OCTOBER 1964

Bu lletin No. 1 4 3 0 - 1 6
December 1964

UNITED STA TES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W . Willard W irtz, Secretary
BUREA U O F LABO R S TA TIS TIC S
Ewan Clague, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U .S . Government Printing Office, W ashington, D.C., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




Contents

Preface

Page
The Bureau of L abor S tatistics p ro g ra m of annual
occu pation al wage su rveys in m etropolitan a reas is d e ­
signed to p rov id e data on occupational earn in gs, and e sta b ­
lishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s. It
yield s detailed data by s e le cte d industry d ivision s fo r each
of the areas studied, fo r eco n o m ic reg io n s, and fo r the
United States. A m a jor con sid era tion in the p ro g ra m is the
need for g rea ter insight into (1) the m ovem ent o f w ages by
occupational ca teg o ry and sk ill le v e l, and (2) the structure
and lev el of w ages among areas and industry d iv ision s.

Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- —
Wage trends fo r se le cte d occu pation al grou p s-________________ —____ ___
T able s :
1.
2.

At the end of each su rvey, an individual area
bulletin p resen ts su rvey resu lts for each a rea studied.
A fter com p letion of all of the individual area bulletins fo r a
round of su rveys, a tw o-p a rt sum m ary bulletin is issued.
The firs t part brin gs data for each of the m etropolitan
areas studied into one bulletin. The secon d part p resen ts
inform ation w hich has been p ro je cte d fr o m individual m e t­
ropolitan area data to relate to e co n o m ic region s and the
United States.

A.

B.




Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey and
number studied_______________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods—__________________________________ __

3

3

Occupational earnings:*
A - 1. Office occupations—
men and women________________________ —
A -2 . P rofession al and technical occupations—
men and w om en —
A -3 . O ffice, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women com bined__________________________ —_____—
A - 4. Maintenance and powerplant occupations-___________________
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations__________ __ 14

5
10
11
13

Establishment practices and supplementary wage p rovision s:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o r k e r s—
B -2 . Shift d ifferen tials________________________________________——
B -3 . Scheduled weekly h o u rs___________ - ________ —________________
B -4 . Paid holidays_________________________________ —_______________ -

17
18
19
20

B -6 .

E ighty-tw o areas cu rren tly are included in the
program . Inform ation on occu pation al earnings is c o l ­
lected annually in each area. Inform ation on establishm ent
p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p ro v isio n s is obtained
biennially in m ost of the a rea s.
This bulletin presen ts resu lts of the su rvey in
B oston, M a ss., in O ctober 1964. It was p rep a red in the
B ureau 's reg ion al o ffic e in B oston, M a ss., by L eo Epstein,
under the d irectio n of Paul V. M ulkern, A ssistan t R egional
D ire cto r for W ages and Industrial R elations.

1
4

24

Health, insurance, and pension plans—

___________________

Appendixes:
A. Changes in occupational d escrip tio n s _______________ ——— ——
B. Occupational d escrip tio n s___________—— — —— —
—— —— —

a rea s.

*NOTE: S im ilar tabulations are available fo r other
(See inside back co v e r.)

C urrent re p o rts on occu pation al earnings and sup­
p lem entary wage p r a c tice s in the B oston area, are a lso
available for m e n 's and b o y s' suits and coats (O ctober
1963) and the m a ch in ery in du stries (M arch 1964).
Union
s c a le s , indicative of p revailin g pay le v e ls , are available
fo r building con stru ction , printing, lo c a l-tr a n s it operating
e m p loyees, and m otortru ck d riv e rs and h elp ers.

iii

27
29




Occupational Wage Survey—Boston, Mass.
Introduction
m ium pay fo r o v ertim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late
sh ifts. N onproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t-o f-liv in g bonuses
and incentive earnings are included. W here w eekly hours are rep orted ,
as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu p ation s, re fe re n ce is to the w ork schedules
(rounded to the n ea rest half hour) fo r which straigh t-tim e salaries
are paid; average w eekly earnings fo r these occupations have been
rounded to the n earest half d olla r.

This area is 1 o f 82 in which the U .S. Departm ent o f
L a b o r's Bureau o f Labor S tatistics conducts surveys o f o ccu p a ­
tional earnings and related wage benefits on an areaw ide b a sis.
In this area, data w ere obtained by p erson a l v isits o f Bureau field
econ om ists 1 to represen tative establishm ents within six broad industry
d ivision s: Manufacturing; tran sportation , com m unication, and other
public u tilities; w h olesale trade; re ta il trade; finance, in su ran ce, and
rea l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M ajor industry groups excluded fro m these
studies are governm ent operations and the con stru ction and extractive
in du stries. E stablishm ents having few er than a p r e s c r ib e d number o f
w ork ers are om itted becau se they tend to furnish insufficient em p loy ­
ment in the occupations studied to w arrant in clusion. Separate tabu­
lations are provided fo r each o f the broad industry division s which
m eet publication c r ite r ia .

D iffe re n ce s in average pay levels fo r men and wom en in any
o f the se le cte d occupations should not be assum ed to re fle ct d iffe r ­
ences in pay treatm ent o f the sexes within individual establishm ents.
The a verages presen ted re fle ct com p osite, areaw ide estim ates. In­
dustries and establishm ents d iffer in pay lev el, job staffing, and
in the extent to which m en and wom en are em ployed and, thus, c o n ­
tribute d ifferen tly to the estim ates. Other p ossib le fa ctors which m ay
contribute to d iffe re n ce s in pay include: D ifferen ces in p ro g re ssio n
within established rate ran ges, sin ce only the actual rates paid
incumbents are co lle cte d ; and d ifferen ces in sp e cific duties p erform ed ,
although the w ork ers are appropriately cla s s ifie d within the same
survey job d escrip tion . Job d escrip tion s used in cla ssify in g em ployees
in these su rveys are usually m ore gen eralized than those used in
individual establishm ents and allow for m inor d ifferen ces among e s ­
tablishm ents in the sp e c ific duties p erform ed .

T hese surveys are conducted on a sam ple b a sis becau se o f
the u n n ecessary co s t involved in surveying a ll establishm ents. To
obtain optimum a ccu ra cy at m inim um c o s t, a g rea ter p rop ortion of
large than o f sm a ll establishm ents is studied. In com bining the data,
h ow ever, all establishm ents are given th eir appropriate weight. E s ­
tim ates based on the establishm ents studied are presen ted , th e re fo re ,
as relating to a ll establishm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except fo r those below the m inim um size studied.

Occupational em ploym ent estim ates represen t the total in
all establishm ents within the scop e o f the study and not the number
actually surveyed. B ecause of d ifferen ces in occupational structure
among establish m en ts, the estim ates of occupational em ploym ent
obtained fro m the sam ple o f establishm ents studied serve only to
indicate the relative im portance o f the jobs studied. These d iffe r ­
ences in occupational stru ctu re do not m a teria lly affect the accu ra cy
o f the earnings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a va riety
o f m anufacturing and nonmanufacturing in d u stries, and are o f the
follow ing types: (1) O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe ssio n a l and tech n ical;
(3) maintenance and powerplant; and (4) cu stod ial and m a teria l m o v e ­
ment. Occupational cla s s ifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job
d escrip tion s designed to take account o f interestablishm ent variation
in duties within the sam e jo b . The occupations selected fo r study
are listed and d e scrib e d in appendix B. Earnings data fo r som e o f
the occupations listed and d e scrib e d are not p resen ted in the A -s e r ie s
tables becau se either (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm a ll
to provide enough data to m erit presen tation, o r (2) there is p o s s i­
bility of d isclo su re o f individual establishm ent data.

Establishm ent P r a c tic e s and Supplementary Wage P rov ision s
Inform ation is presen ted (in the B -s e r ie s tables) on selected
establishm ent p ra ctice s and supplem entary wage p rov ision s as they
relate to o ffic e and plant w o rk e rs. A dm in istrative, execu tive, and
p ro fe ssio n a l e m p loyees, and fo rce -a cco u n t con stru ction w ork ers who
are u tilized as a separate w ork fo rce are excluded. "O ffice w o rk e rs"
include working su p e rv iso rs and n on su p ervisory w ork ers p erform in g
c le r ic a l or related functions. "Plant w o rk e rs " include working forem en
and a ll n on su p ervisory w ork ers (including leadm en and trainees) en­
gaged in n onoffice functions. C afeteria w ork ers and routem en are
excluded in manufacturing in d u stries, but included in nonmanufacturing
in du stries.

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r
fu ll-tim e w o rk e r s , i. e. , those h ired to w ork a regu lar w eekly schedule
in the given occupational cla s s ifica tio n . Earnings data exclude p r e ­
1 Data were obtained by mail from some o f the smaller establishments for which visits by
Bureau field economists in the last previous survey indicated employment in relatively few o f the
occupations studied. Unusual changes reported by mail were verified with employers.




1

2
M inimum entrance sa la rie s (table B - l ) relate only to the e s ­
tablishm ents v isite d . They are p resen ted in term s o f establishm ents
with form a l m inim um entrance sa la ry p o lic ie s .

o r fla t-su m am ounts. H ow ever, in the tabulations o f vacation pay,
payments not on a tim e basis w ere con verted to a tim e b a sis; for
exam ple, a payment o f 2 p ercen t o f annual earnings was con sid ered
as the equivalent o f 1 week*s pay.

Shift d ifferen tia l data (table B -2 ) are lim ited to plant w ork ers
in manufacturing in d u stries. This in form ation is presen ted both in
term s o f (1) establishm ent p o li c y ,2 presen ted in term s o f total plant
w ork er em ploym ent, and (2) e ffectiv e p r a c tic e , p resen ted in term s o f
w ork ers actually em ployed on the s p e cifie d shift at the tim e o f the
su rvey. In establishm ents having v a rie d d iffe re n tia ls, the amount
applying to a m a jo rity was used o r , if no amount applied to a m a jority ,
the cla ss ifica tio n "o th e r " was used. In establishm ents in which som e
la te-sh ift hours are paid at n orm a l ra te s, a d ifferen tia l was re co rd e d
only if it applied to a m a jo rity o f the shift h ou rs.

Data are presen ted fo r all health, in su ran ce, and pension
plans (tables B -6 and B -7 ) fo r which at least a part o f the cost is
borne by the em p lo y e r, excepting only legal requirem ents such as
w o rk m en ^ com pen sation, s o c ia l secu rity , and railroad retirem en t.
Such plans include those underw ritten by a co m m e rcia l insurance
com pany and those p rovided through a union fund or paid d ire ctly
by the em p loyer out o f cu rren t operating funds or from a fund set
aside fo r this pu rp ose. Death benefits are included as a form of
life in su ran ce.

The scheduled w eekly hours (table B -3) o f a m a jo rity o f the
fir s t-s h ift w ork ers in an establishm ent a re tabulated as applying to
all o f the plant or o ffic e w ork ers o f that establishm ent. P aid holidays;
paid vacations; and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans (tables
B -4 through B -7 ) are treated sta tistica lly on the basis that these are
applicable to a ll plant or o ffic e w ork ers if a m a jo rity o f such w ork ers
a re elig ib le or m ay eventually qualify fo r the p ra ctice s listed . Sums
o f individual item s in tables B -2 through B -7 m ay not equal totals
becau se o f rounding.
Data on paid holidays (table B -4 ) a re lim ited to data on
holidays granted annually on a fo rm a l b a s is; i. e. , (1) are provided
fo r in w ritten fo rm , or (2) have been establish ed by cu stom . Holidays
ord in a rily granted are included even though they m ay .fa ll on a non­
w orkday, even if the w ork er is not granted another day off. The fir st
part of the paid holidays table p resen ts the num ber o f whole ^ind half
holidays actually granted. The secon d part com bines whole and half
holidays to show total holiday tim e .

Sickness and accident insurance is lim ited to that type of
insurance under which pred eterm ined cash payments are made d irectly
to the in su red on a w eekly or m onthly basis during illn ess or accident
d isa b ility. Inform ation is p resen ted fo r all such plans to which the
em p loyer con tribu tes. H ow ever, in New Y ork and New J e rse y , which
have enacted te m p o ra ry d isability insurance laws which requ ire e m ­
p lo y e r con tribu tion s, 3 plans are included only if the em p loyer (1) c o n ­
tributes m o re than is leg a lly requ ired , or (2) p rovid es the em ployee
with benefits which exceed the requ irem en ts of the law. Tabulations
o f paid sick leave plans are lim ited to form a l p la n s4 which provide
fu ll pay or a p rop ortion o f the w orker*s pay during absence from w ork
b ecau se o f illn e s s . Separate tabulations are presen ted accord in g to
(1) plans which provide fu ll pay and no waiting p eriod , and (2) plans
which p rovid e either partial pay or a waiting p eriod . In addition to
the presentation o f the p rop ortion s o f w ork ers who are provided
sick n ess and acciden t insurance or paid sick leave, an unduplicated
total is shown of w ork ers who r e ce iv e either or both types of ben efits.

The sum m ary o f vacation plans (table B -5 ) is lim ited to
fo rm a l p o lic ie s , excluding in form a l arrangem ents w h ereby tim e o ff
with pay is granted at the d is cre tio n o f the e m p loyer. Separate
estim ates are p rovided accord in g to em p loyer p ra ctice in computing
vacation paym ents, such as tim e paym ents, percen t of annual earnings,

Catastrophe in su ran ce, som etim es r e fe r r e d to as extended
m e d ica l in su ran ce, includes those plans which are designed to protect
em p loyees in ca se o f sick n ess and in ju ry involving expenses beyond
the n orm a l co v e ra g e o f h ospitalization, m ed ica l, and su rg ica l plans.
M ed ical insurance r e fe r s to plans providing for com plete or partial
payment of doctors* fe e s . Such plans m ay be underw ritten by c o m ­
m e r c ia l insurance com panies or nonprofit organizations or they m ay
be se lf-in s u r e d . Tabulations o f retirem en t pension plans are lim ited
to those plans that provide m onthly payments fo r the rem ainder of
the w orker*s life .

2 An establishment was considered as having a p olicy if it m et either o f the following
conditions; (1) Operated late shifts at the tim e of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number o f days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




3

T a b le 1.

E sta b lis h m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f s u r v e y and num ber stu died in B o sto n , M a s s .
M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

N um ber o f e sta b lish m e n ts
W ithin
scop e of
study 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

Studied

Studied
O ffic e

T otal 4

P lant

T otal 4

1 ,3 9 2

100
-

100

287

439. 300

9 9 .3 0 0

244, 600

2 4 4 ,0 9 0

451
941

A ll d iv is io n s ____________________________________________________
M an u factu rin g__________________________________________________
N onm anufacturing
—
_
T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5
- W h o le s a le trad e
- — _ —
_ _
R eta il tr a d e --------------------------------------------------------------------------F in a n ce, in s u ra n ce , and r e a l e s t a t e ------------------------------S e r v ic e s ’ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

by m a jo r in d u stry d iv isio n , 2 O cto b e r 1964

91

199, 900
239, 400

29. 600

129, 100
115, 500

104, 650
139, 440

100

67
231
156

50
50

196

285

50

41,
25,
72,
56,
43,

29
46
41
38
42

202

69, 700

8, 000
7, 100
8, 700

700
300
200
300
900

24,
11,
56,
61,
22,

38, 200
7, 700

000
800
300
300
100

34, 380
8, 230
47, 100
33, 470
1 6 ,2 6 0

1 The B oston Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tis tica l A r e a c o n s is t s o f S uffolk County, 15 c o m m u n itie s in E s s e x County, 29 in M id d le s e x County, 19 in N o rfo lk County, and 9 in P lym ou th County.
The " w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and c o m p o s it io n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the s u rv ey . The e s tim a te s
are not intended, h o w e v e r, to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er e m p lo y m e n t in d exes fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tre n d s o r le v e ls s in ce (1) planning of w age s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s
the u s e of esta b lish m e n t data c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d studied, and (2) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the s u rv ey .
2 The 1957 r e v is e d ed ition o f the Standard In d u stria l C la s s ific a t io n M anual w as u sed in c la s s ify in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts b y in d u stry d iv ision .
3 Inclu des all e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith total em p lo ym e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll ou tlets (w ithin the area) o f co m p a n ies in such in d u s tr ie s as tra d e, fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir
s e r v ic e , and m otion p ic tu re th e a te rs a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and other w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the se p a ra te o f fic e and plant c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid en ta l to w a te r tr a n s p o r ta tio n w e re exclu d ed . B o s t o n 's tra n s it s y s te m is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d and is ex c lu d e d b y d efin ition fr o m the s c o p e o f the study.
6 E stim ate r e la te s to r e a l estate e s ta b lis h m e n ts only. W o r k e r s fr o m the e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n te d in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n on ly in
" a l l in d u stry" es tim a te s in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
7 H o te ls ; p e r s o n a l s e r v ic e s ; b u s in e s s s e r v ic e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir sh o p s; m o tio n p ic tu r e s ; n o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a tio n s (exclu d in g r e lig io u s and ch a rita b le or g a n iz a tio n s ); and
en gin eerin g and a r c h ite c tu r a l s e r v ic e s .




T a b le 2.

Indexes o f standard w e e k ly s a la r ie s and s t r a ig h t-tim e h o u rly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o ccu p a tion a l grou p s
in B o sto n , M a s s ., O cto b e r 1964 and O cto b e r 1963, and p e r c e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c t e d p e r io d s
indexe s
(O cto b e r 1960=100)

Industry and o ccu p a tio n a l group
O cto b e r 1964 O cto b e r 1963

A ll in d u s tr ie s :
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m e n and w om en ) — - —
In d u strial n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )----S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )—-----------------U n sk ille d plant (m en) — - —
M an u factu rin g:
O ffic e c le r i c a l (m en and w o m e n )--------In du strial n u r s e s (m en and w o m e n )----S k ille d m ain ten an ce (m e n )--------------------U n sk illed plant (m en) — - -------

112.5
115.9
111.7

110.6
113.7
117.0

110.2
108.1

109.5
111.4
109.1

109.2
109.6

110.8

107.8
105.3

P e r c e n t s o f in c r e a s e
O cto b e r 1963 O cto b e r 1962 O cto b e r 1961
to
to
to
O cto b e r 1964 O cto b e r 1963 O cto b e r 1962

2.8

2.9

4.1
2.4

3.1

1.2

3.8
5.6

2.2
2.6

2.6

2.8
2.9

2.1
3.1
2.4

O cto b e r I960
to
O cto b e r 1961

O cto b e r 1959
to
O cto b e r I960

2.5
3.8
3.5
3.4

3.9
4.5

4.9
4.1
4.7
4.6

3.1
4.4
3.5

3.3
4.0

4.0
4.1
4.8
4.6

2.2

2.2
2.8

1.1
.7

4

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
Presented in table 2 are indexes and percentages of change
in average salaries of office clerical workers and industrial n u rses,
and in average earnings of selected plant worker groups.

F or o ffic e c le r ic a l w o rk e rs and industrial n u rs e s, the p e r ­
centages of change relate to average w eekly sa la ries fo r n orm al hours
of w ork , that is , the standard w ork schedule fo r which stra igh t-tim e
sa la ries are paid. F or plant w ork er g rou p s, they m easu re changes
in average straight-tim e hourly ea rn in g s, excluding prem ium pay for
overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olidays, and late shifts. The
p ercen tages are based on data for se le cte d key occupations and in ­
clude m ost o f the n u m erically im portant jo b s within each group.
The o ffice c le r ic a l data are based on m en and wom en in the follow ing
19 job s: B ookkeeping-m achine o p e r a to r s , c la ss B; c le r k s , accounting,
cla ss A and B; cle r k s , file , c la s s A , B , and C; c le r k s , o rd e r; c le r k s ,
p ayroll; C om ptom eter o p era tors; keypunch o p e r a to r s, c la s s A and B;
o ffice boys and g ir ls ; s e c r e ta r ie s ; sten ograp h ers, gen eral; sten og ra ­
p h ers, sen ior; sw itchboard op e ra to rs; tabulating-m achine o p e ra to rs,
cla ss B; and typ ists, c la s s A and B. The industrial nurse data are
based on men and wom en industrial n u rses.
Men in the follow ing
8 skilled maintenance jo b s and 2 unskilled jo b s a re included in the
plant w ork er data: S killed— ca rp en ters; e le ctricia n s; m a ch in ists; m e ­
chanics; m ech a n ics, autom otive; pain ters; p ip efitters; and tool and
die m ak ers; unskilled— ja n ito rs , p o r te r s , and cle a n e rs; and la b o r e r s ,
m aterial handling.
Average weekly salaries or average hourly earnings were
computed for each of the selected occupations. The average salaries
or hourly earnings were then multiplied by employment in each of
the jobs during the period surveyed in 1961. These weighted earnings




for individual occupations were then totaled to obtain an aggregate for
each occupational group. Finally, the ratio (expressed as a percentage)
of the group aggregate for the one year to the aggregate for the other
year was computed and the difference between the result and 100 is
the percentage of change from the one period to the other.
The
indexes were computed by multiplying the ratios for each group
aggregate for each period after the base year (1961).
The indexes and percentages of change m easu re, principally,
the effects of (1) general salary and wage changes; (2) m erit or other
increases in pay received by individual workers while in the same
job; and (3) changes in average wages due to changes in the labor force
resulting from labor turnover, force expansions, force reductions,
and changes in the proportions of workers employed by establishments
with different pay lev els.
Changes in the labor force can cause
increases or decreases in the occupational averages without actual
wage changes.
For example, a force expansion might increase the
proportion of lower paid workers in a specific occupation and lower
the average, whereas a reduction in the proportion of lower paid
workers would have the opposite effect. Sim ilarly, the movement of
a high-paying establishment out of an area could cause the average
earnings to drop, even though no change in rates occurred in other
establishments in the area.
The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data.
The percentages of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-tim e hours.
They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime.

5
A. O ccupational E arnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
S

$

$

M ean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
$
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 3 .5 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
8 9 .0 0 -1 1 3 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING* CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ----------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

602
204
398
60
71
109
53

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 6 .5
39 .5

1 01.50
1 0 5 .0 0
100.00
1 03.50
9 6 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
103.50

102 .5 0
105 .0 0
101.00
10 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
101.00

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING. CLASS B —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE

356
62
294
144

3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .5

7 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ~
WHOLESALE TRADE

676
199
477
453

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86

3 9 .0

9 5 .5 0

815
170
645
53
78
315
157

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

5 9 .0 0
6 0 .5 0
5 9 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

263
118
145
84

3 8 .5 10 7 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0
3 9 .0 108 .0 0 1 0 6 .5 0
3 8 .0 106.00
9 9 .0 0
37 .5
9 4 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

9 4 .0 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 -1 2 0 .5 0
9 1 . 0 0 -1 1 4 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

401
119
282
155

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0

7 8 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0 - 9 1 .0 0

CLERKS* PAYROLL
OFFICE BOYS --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES4WHOLESALE TRADE —
FINANCE3 ------------------SERVICES -----------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING
FINANCE3
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS C ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----NONMANUFACTURING
FINANCE------------TYPISTS* CLASS B -------------

BILLERS* MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE)
MANUFACTURING ------NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRAOE
S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




8 8 .5 0
9 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 1 .0 0

60

55

60

65

-

-

-

-

—
-

-

—

-

-

-

_

19

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9 7 .5 0

8 6 .0 0 -1 0 5 .0 0

-

-

5 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
5 7 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 4 .5 0
5 7 .0 0
5 8 .5 0

5 4 .0 0 5 6 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 5 2 .5 0 5 3 .5 0 5 3 .0 0 -

6 3 .0 0
6 4 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

8 6 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

162
61
101
72

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

7 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 8 .5 0

6 6 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 4 .0 0 6 3 .0 0 -

51

3 9 .5

7 4 .0 0

7 3 .5 0

331
121
210
144

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
76 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

7 3 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0

6 8 .5 0 6 9 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

2
-

2
-

31
31
-

30
“

218
28
190
9
42
75
62

_

-

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0

-

19
11

-

278
59
219
15
13
148
26

_

—

5
23

15
4

11

4
17

_
-

-

~

_

41
5
36
14

30
5

46
27

10

16
l

16

28
5
23
8

2

-

6
4

14
14

11
11
11

33
6
27

2
2

53
14
39

19

14
31

2
17

2
6

10
10

8
23

33
4
29
29

40
6
34
34

99
16
83
82

127
25
102
79

6

20

6
5

1
19
18

“

1

-

-

-

-

1

10

-

19
14

-

2

7

-

-

-

-

2

7

**

19

-

10
10

34
4
30

22

1

15

-

l

-

-

-

38
9
29
27

35
20
15
9

30

55
13
42
27

14
9
5
4

52
12
40
34

16
16

17
13
4
4

41
17
24
24

1

1

2

93
46
47
31

27
27

1

11

19
13

37
30
7
6

13
13

23
4
19
14

23
3

20
20

2

15
2
13
-

B
5
3
-

2
-

22

6
1
5

1
1

-

-

5

-

7
1
6

-

—
-

2

14

5

5
-

—

5

2

14

27

12
6
6

1

-

1

14
9
5

6
1
5
-

1

1
-

39
17
22
16

2

1

2

l

28
21
7

37
11
26
1

4

69
27
4223

21

1

-

3

26
6
20
10

14
14

41
5
36
36

48

54
20
34
34

28
10
18
18

-

6

8

2
2

1
1
1

5
3

1

15
9

23
9
14
14

10
1
4

1

2

11

14

17
3
14
l
5

81
24
57
23

34
21
13

2

8

2

53
15
38
30

41
17
24
18

2

15
14
1

21

25
8
17
8
1

1
9

2

74
23
51
51

11

-

62
16
46
5

27

10

21
13

4
16

1

13
13
6

2

20

1

3
16

9

-

-

10

4

21

_
-

6

49
7
42

70
41
29
3
7

101
46
55

11

17

45

69
18
51
20

45
28
17
13

1
152
50
102
15
4
23
43

40
12
28
6
8

57
11
46
5
10
30

75
19
56
47

~

•

6 8 .0 0 - 8 3 .0 0

7 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

28

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
F INANCE3---------------------------------

55

and
under

8 8 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 4 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0 1 00.00
1 12.50 1 12.50
100.00 9 8 .0 0
100.50 9 8 .0 0

6 9 .5 0 8 1 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

50

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

45

$

—

-

-

-

—

4
4

—
-

—

-

6
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weeklyhours1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receivin g straight-tim e w eekly earnings of—
*

45
M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

$

%

50

55

1

60

$

65

t

70

I

75

and
under

*

$

80

85

$

90

*

95

$

100

$

105

$

110

s

115

i

120

$

125

$

130

$

135

I

160

t

165

—
80

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

and

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

160

165

over

11
3

4

-

-

-

-

21
21
-

19
12
7

10
10

—

-

1
1

-

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

11
11

50

55

60

65

70

75

29
29
29

88
88

39
39
35

16
16
15

18
5
5

29
21
-

4
4
-

14
14
9

-

74

10

3
1
2

31
6

40
37

16
10
6

58
52

25

160
69
91
47
4

100
44
56
41

51
11
40
36

33
20
13
12

4
4

2
2

-

1
1

-

160
55
105
7

142
36
106

101
53
48

44
9

19

5

15

14

31
24
28
18

1
25

WOMEN - CONTINUED
BILLERS* MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

252
219
167

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

$
6 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

$
6 1 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
5 8 .5 0

$
$
5 7 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0
5 6 .5 0 - 6 8 . 0 0
5 6 .0 0 - 6 3 .5 0

-

212

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

8 1 .0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
7 7 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0

_

_

_

3

116
96

-

-

-

-

876
206
670
261
69
327

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
6 4 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 7 4 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 7 2 .0 0 6 0 .0 0 6 2 .0 0 -

1 ,6 9 3

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

9 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
8 1 .5 0
9 4 .5 0

8 2 .0 0 - 9 7 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 - 9 5 .0 0
9 1 .0 0 - 9 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0 —! 0 2 . 0 0
1
8 4 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0 - 8 9 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 - 9 9 .5 0

289
554
567
175

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

7 1 .5 0
7 8 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 5 .0 0
7 4 .5 0

6 3 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 6 2 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 6 1 .5 0 6 0 .0 0 7 0 .0 0 -

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------r ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------F I N A N C E 3 ----------------------------

396
67
329
255

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 4 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 3 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

6 6 .5 0 - 8 0 .5 0
7 7 .0 0 - 8 8 . 0 0
6 5 .5 0 - 7 6 .5 0
6 5 .0 0 - 7 4 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

1,141
181
960
93
197
532
131

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0

6 1 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0

6 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
5 9 .0 0
6 6 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

5 4 .0 0 6 1 .5 0 5 3 .5 0 5 8 .0 0 5 2 .0 0 5 3 .5 0 5 8 .0 0 -

6 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 0 .5 0
5 6 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E 3----------------------------

1 ,2 9 8
113
1 ,1 8 5
51
130
827

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

5 7 .5 0

5 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

5 6 .5 0
5 3 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

5 5 .5 0
6 5 .5 0
5 1 .0 0
5 4 .5 0

5 2 .0 0 5 7 .0 0 5 2 .0 0 5 8 .5 0 4 7 .5 0 5 2 .0 0 -

6 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
6 2 .0 0
5 9 .0 0

C L E R K S , O R O E R --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E ------------ ----R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

571
329
242
142
72

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
6 5 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
6 3 .0 0

6 7 .0 0 6 9 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 5 8 .0 0 -

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

_

7

-

2

8 8 .0 0

-

5
-

7 4 .0 0

~

5

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ---------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N U N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

—

3

~

10

171
27
144

116
3

3

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E 3 ---------------------------S E R V I C E S --------------------------C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A O E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------F I N A N C E 3---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




666

1 ,2 6 7
300
95
199
685
168
2 ,7 6 8
528
2 ,2 2 0

6 8 .0 0

6 6 .0 0

7 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 1 .0 0

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0
8 0 .5 0
8 3 .5 0
7 8 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
8 1 .5 0

7

20
-

49

20
11
6

38

7

3

26

_

_

-

—
-

-

7
-

11
-

-

12

20
110

2
2
-

34
2
32

113
16
5
90
54

54

160
12
148
78
14
44
113
9
104

-

-

-

2

40

8
7

137
26
111

219
71
148

212
64
148

427
95
332

5
6
7
81
12

1
12
26
101

30
11
38
61

8

8

227
15
32
21
37

401
124
277
58
101
14
24

267
55
212
17
6
9
23

82
49
33
16
4

39
6
33
19
8

2

1

“

27

10

6
4

4

10
3

1

16

3
3
48

~

14

-

11
18
67
8

289
30
259
15
58
93

438
58
380
29
97
147
7

425
38
387
68
99
134
36

373
81
292
22
92
78
49

264

53

74

44
19
25
19

11
16
10

40
20
20
9

9
6

6
3

3

1
-

-

10
-

113

10
-

103

10
-

37
42

-

-

_

4

-

-

-

-

l

4
4

17
17

53
43

73
66

103
9
94
79

326
5
321

195
9

195
39

113
44

55
35

186

156
30
6

20

13
17

69
24

140
153
7

207
38
169
4
27
94
44

21

15

2
12
4

451

287

103
19
84
16

24
9
15

31
22
9

12
2
10

3
44

1
4

78

60
49

121
77

87
60

9
15

l

2
14

12
9

1

—

—
-

-

-

-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
—
-

3

2

-

3

3

—
3

-

_

_

1

38

2
5

-

1
1

—
—
-

2

117
39

3
27

41
43

35
10

3
16

-

30
-

30
-

30
-

127
-

127

10
22

21

20

431

-

-

63
64

11

-

405

-

17

20

267
18
9
195
33
4
29
1
21

244
13
231
43
114

40
6
19

99

70
194
20
39
50
32

33

—
33
2
1

9

2

1

5
4

—

1

1
1

-

-

2
1

-

—
-

-

1

-

-

-

_
-

-

1
3

3

8

-

3

—

—

2
2

4

-

3

8

3

-

2
2

1

1

-

l

1

-

_

_

_

6
6

11
10

1

10

3

56

-

-

7
4

-

10

2
1

10

1

1

-

-

-

_
-

l

19

1

-

1

3

1

-

~

~

l

1

•

_

-

1
1

20

-

20

_

-

-

_
—

—
—
-

_

_

-

-

8
11
11

70
24

11
9

44
34

27
19

46
36

2

10

8

7

63

1
1

1
1

20

_
-

7
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)
W eekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
N um be
$

$

$

S

%

%

50

55

60

65

70

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

55

60

65

70

75

1
-

10
-

1
-

10
-

65
30
35
-

81
46
35

-

85
35
50
4

1

2
8

10
4

9
3

24
5

-

-

-

*

25

-

-

21

10

67
14
53
4
34

145

25

30
8
22

11
8
4

45
M ean 2

Median 2

and
under

M iddle range 2

W M N - CONTINUED
O E
CLERKS* PAYROLL
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRADE RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE3----------------SERVICES --------------COM
PTOM
ETER OPERATORS ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
I M EOGRAPH O DITTO)------------IM
R
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

1*100
520
580
59

3
3
3
3

8
9
8
8

.0
.0
.0
.5

79
78
79
88

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

140
87

3 7 .5
3 6 .0

7 5 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

95

3 9 .0

8 4 .0 0

858
244
614

3 7 .5
3 8 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0

127
335

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 6 .0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

k

s o

77
79
92
77
80
81

.5
.5
.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

7 5 .0 0
7
7
7
7

5
5
2
5

.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

$
7
7
7
7
6
7

1
1
1
8
8
1

.0
.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0

-

$
88
87
88
9 9
83
84

.0
.5
.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0
0
0

7 4 .0 0 6 8 .0 0 6 9 .5 0 -

8 2 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

6 7 .5 0 6 8 .0 0 6 7 .0 0 -

8 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

-

9 6 .0 0

93
64

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

6 7 .5 0
6 6 .5 0

6 6 .0 0
6 3 .5 0

6 2 .0 0 -

7 3 .0 0

923
404
519
67

3 8 .5

7 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0

7 8 .5 0

7 2 .5 0 -

8 5 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

8 2 .0 0
7 6 .0 0

7 5 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 -

8 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

319
53

3 7 .0
3 9 .0

7 3 .5 0
7 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

7 3 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

7 1 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 -

8 0 .0 0
8 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS 8
MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------WHOLESALE TRADE-----------RETAIL TRADE -----------------FINANCE3--------------------------SERVICES -------------------------

1 ,3 3 1
393

3 8 .0
3 8 .5

6 8 .0 0
7 1 .0 0

938
56
248
361
58

3
3
3
3
3

67
75
62
64
67

6 7 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
6 5 .0 0

6 1 .0 0 6 5 .5 0 5 9 .5 0 -

7 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 2 .0 0

7
6
6
6

4
2
4
8

.0
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

6
5
5
6

9
8
8
5

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

7
6
6
7

9
7
9
2

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------FINANCE3---------------------------

399
55
344

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .5

5 7 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 7 .0 0

65
229

3 8 .5
3 7 .0

5 7 .0 0
5 7 .0 0

5
5
5
5
5

6
7
6
7
6

.5
.0
.5
.0
.5

0
0
0
0
0

5
5
5
5
5

3
3
3
2
3

.0
.5
.0
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0

-

6
7
6
6
6

2
0
2
2
3

.0
.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0

SECRETARIES--------------------------- MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4--------WHOLESALE TRADE----------RETAIL TRAOE FINANCE3------SERVICES -----

7 ,0 1 1
2 ,8 9 4
4 ,1 1 7

8
8
8
9
8
7
7

4
8
1
4
3
8
9

.0
.0
.5
.0
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1
-1

0
0
0
2
0
0
0

5
6
4
3
3
0
2

.5
.5
.5
.5
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0
0
0

STENOGRAPHERS* GENERAL MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------PUBLIC UTILITIES4—
WHOLESALE TRADE ----RETAIL TRAOE -----------FINANCE3--------------------SERVICES -------------------

-

_

7 3 .5 0

6 1 .0 0 -

•
-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS* CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------FINANCE3--------------------------------SERVICES -------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




8
9
7
7
9

.0
.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0
0

.0
.5
.5
.5
.5
.5
.5

9 5 .0 0
9 6 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0

9 4 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

3 8 .0

9 5 .0 0

9 3 .0 0

2 ,2 7 5

3 8 .5

7 6 .5 0

7 6 .0 0

6 9 .0 0 -

8 5 .0 0

922
1 ,3 5 3

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
7 3 .0 0

7 3 .5 0 6 6 .5 0 -

8 7 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

114
254

3 9 .5

9 5 .0 0

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

7 7 .5 0

9 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

7 0 .0 0

8 8 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
6 5 .0 0 - 7 5 .0 0

6 9 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

_
—
-

8

—
a
i
7
-

1 ,7 6 8
1 ,2 4 6

100
676
209

3 7 .5
3 9 .5

7 5 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

4
l
3

6

61
7

70
26

103

42

24

~

74

197
109

117
46

81
40

20
20

88
16
14
47
5

71
14

41

279

116
19
97

57

49

3

57
19
30

2
47
4
43

1
2

-

149

-

-

9
-

I

9

11
60

-

-

107
15
92
-

—

—

-

1

-

14
14
46

~

8

20

62
14

-

20

-

28

198
72
126

91
4

-

45
9

211
63
148
36

8
53

20
-

117

77
30
47
4
40

64
7

_
—
—
-

11
1

38
7
31
4
26

93

-

4
9

13

10

21
128
20
93

-

25
16

13
3

1

48

2
45
1

167
37
130
4
13

10

8

102
60
42
15
12

18
6

40

1

12
1*

83
4

33
33

205
8
61
75
31

12

-

22

27
84

44
101
45
53

282
63
219

~

90
9
35

111

160
34
126
27
95

210
20
190

-

160
77

162
59
103
28
51

58
8
50

12
9
3

-

ll
31

179
89

“

~

8 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0

22 3
553
327

3 8
38
37
3 9
38
37
3 6

.0
.5
.5
.0
.0

-

179
101
78
5
9

42
75
18
47

1
1
147

86

2

36

1

14

13
15

46
26
20
10
4
6
51
4
47

29
15
14
8

23
4

l
1
1

3
8

9

“

9

9

3

6
3

2
7

5
4

-

33
10

15
3
12

3

1

-

1
-

2
-

1

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

—

-

-

-

-

2

-

1
1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

56
20
36
-

19
7

12

2

1
8

l
2

8

2

79
35
44
3
ll
17

33
16
17

2
1
1

1
1
-

1

-

l

-

29

16

18

15

1
l

24
5

9
1

18
-

-

-

15
4

3
3
131
93
38

6

-

6
37

6
13

12
1

2

461

517

620

101
360
-

198
319
15
45

225
395
10

34
34
209

18

12
68
33

204

348

446

10
194

91
257

162
284

2

1

5

10
24

48
25

139
19

160

35
25
139

23

80

83

32
152
75

52
48

786
234
552
8
56
39

140

263

145

186

996
508
488
23
61
37
230
137

366
169

254
103

409
318

62
21

197
-

151
6

91
22

41
20

52
6

49
17

38
-

90
49

54
25

22
9

800
366
434
10

45
29

100
30
165
129

755

542
273
269

421
209
212

307

417
338
33
60

129
178

173
66
107

118
50
68

104
25
79

21
140
84

20
33
9

24
17
4

16
19
10

7
7
18

30
9
7

6
8
5

108
99

115

68
65

35

52

40

4
18

11
49

15

2

8

19

28

9

1

1

1

-

-

-

_

9

-

-

-

-

52
14
38
12
11
4
3

5

16

14

28

5

1
-

1
-

1
-

—

14
-

27

-

-

12

12
2

1

4

1

1

1

-

-

1
5

2

3

12
5

8
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

50

55

60

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
S
$
S
$
S
$
S
$
$
%
$
65
70
75
80
85
90
95
100 105
110
125
115 120
130

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

-

—
—
-

11
2
9
1
8

40
8
32
4
26
-

84
15
69
8
4
44
13

243
57
186
5
5
130
39

269
56
213
3
15
141
43

417
135
282
6
8
181
71

297
121
176
38
9
87
42

240
121
119
45
3
42
77

60
22
38
9
2
17
10

63
10
53
4
25
24

40
17
23
7
1
8

7
1
6
1
4

18
3
15
7
8

ll
2
9
2
6

10
1
9
—
9

—
—

3
3
3

_
-

5
5
3
2

18
18
1
9
8

34
1
33
2
16
14

86
3
83
6
8
ll
49

90
15
75
l
12
17
34

85
32
53
5
9
19
7

65
45
20
1
2
3
12

66
19
47
29
2
3
3

37
18
19
4
12
1
1

19
7
12
10
2

6
l
5
5
-

15
15
11
2
2

2
1
1
—
1
—

1
1
—
1
-

_
-

_
—
-

—
-

-

_
-

$

$
45

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

S

%

i

135

and
under

WOMEN - CONTINUED

1,813
571
1,242
139
102
677
277

38.0
38.0
37.5
38.0
38.5
37.0
39.0

$
$
83.50 83.00
85.00 85.50
83.00 82.00
90.00
90.50
98.00 101.00
79.00 80.00
82.00
82.50

$
$
76.50- 90.00
80.00- 91.50
75.50- 89.00
86.00- 94.50
81.00-116.00
74.00- 84.50
76.00- 89.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------NONMANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ’- --------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------R E T A I L T R A D E --------------F I N A N C E 3 ----------------------

529
142
387
74
50
86
130

38.5
39.0
38.0
39.5
39.5
38.0
36.5

82.50
87.50
81.00
95.00
86.00
75.50
74.50

82,00
87.50
78.50
94,00
82.50
76.50
74.00

74.50- 91.00
82.50- 93.00
72.50- 90.50
90.50-104.00
76. 50- 97.00
68.GO- 82.50
71. 00- 78.50

-

SWITCHBOARO OPERATORS, CLASS B 5
N O N M A N U F A £ T U R I N G -------------FINANCE
SERVICES

260
242
74
100

37.5
37.5
36.5
37.5

68.50
68.00
75.50
62.00

67.00
66.00
76.50
59.00

58.5058.5069.0056.50-

78.00
77.00
80.50
66.50

-

8
8
1
7

80
78
2
56

29
28
3
8

37
37
16
14

19
17
9
2

36
34
24
8

31
27
17
1

7
3
2

4
2

_
-

6
5

3
3

-

-

4

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ----------------R E T A I L T R A O E --------------------F I N A N C E 3---------------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

827
355
472
27
184
60
72
129

38.0
38.5
38.0
38.5
39.0
37.5
36.5
37.0

77.00
77.50
76.00
77.50
77.50
67.00
76.00
78.00

78.00
78.00
78.00
79.00
80.00
69.50
76.00
80.50

72.0073.0071.5076.0071.5061.0071.5075.50-

84.00
84.50
83.50
83.00
86.00
77.50
81.50
84.00

3
3

20
20
11
9
~

1
1
1
-

70
22
48
5
5
14
10
14

45
25
20
15
4
1

161
75
86
45
3
24
14

198
100
98
ll
16
22
16
33

161
48
113
8
40
3
15
47

114
60
54
2
36
l
7
8

33
15
18
6

6
5
1
l
-

5
1
4

5
1
4

1

4
3
1

_

_

-

-

-

-

4

4

l

-

-

-

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S 8 --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------F I N A N C E 3----------------------

370
52
318
91

38.0
39.0
37.5
37.0

78.00
89.00
76.50
79.00

78.00
88.50
76.00
78.50

68.0083.5067.5069.00-

86.00
93.50
84.00
86.00

85
85
27

24
l
23
4

66
5
61
21

49
10
39
ll

59
15
44
27

23
12
11

10
1
9

8
7
1

-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

150
129

37.5
37.0

64.50
62.00

61.00
59.50

57.50- 69.00
57.00- 64.50

TRANSCRI8ING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
F I N A N C E 3---------S E R V I C E S ---------

861
339
522
73
348
79

38.0
38.5
37.5
39.0
37.0
37.5

73.00
72.00
73.50
82.50
69.50
81.00

73.00
73.00
73.00
81.00
69.00
74.50

65.5065.GO66 .0074.0062.0072.00-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------NONMANUFACTURING
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 4—
W H O LESALE TRADE —
F I N A N C E 3 -----------S E R V I C E S -----------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .




79.50
79.00
80.00
84.00
77.50
81.50

-

3
-

_
-

“
1
-

1
1

-

-

~

-

~

40
40
1

11
11

59
59

33
30

13
10

8
5

12
9

1
1

43
11
32

65
28
37
37

91
44
47

131
53
78
72
6

161
53
108
24
46
36

173
84
89
8
56
16

81
9
72
28
35
7

-

32

-

47

-

1
1

12

19
8
11
4

_

6
2
4
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

_
-

5

-

—

-

-

-

_

_

12
4
69
47
22

—

_

1

_

7
—

5

6

4

4

_

_

_

6
-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

—

7

22
7

7

9
T able A -l.

O ffice O ccupations—M en and W o m e n — C ontinued

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., O ctober 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings of—
$

$

$

$

$

$

WMN O E

workers

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

50

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

-

10
10

90
18
72

148
12
136

331
54
277
12
4
111
143

213
65
148
10
3
77
50

264
130
134
5
7
53
64

133
21
112
5

81
7
74
7
1
17
38

52
10
42

47
9
38
14
l
14

2
1
1

458
135
323
6
114
46
108
49

154
78
76
3
7
17
25
24

136
89
47
16
13
14
4

66
47
19
9

21
15
6

-

-

17
3
14
10
4

4
3
3

M ean 2

Median 2

M iddle range 2

:
S
*r
120
115

1

45
and
under

120

125

-

1
—
1
1

2
1
1
1

8
8
8

—

-

-

-

-

-

—

-

-

-

CONTINUED

TYPISTS. CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING------------NONMANUFACTURING ------WHOLESALE TRADE ----RETAIL TRADE ----------FINANCE1
3--------------------2
SERVICES -------------------

1 .633
370
1 ,263
65
68
523
487

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7.5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

$
7 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

$
75 .0 0
7 9 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 1 .5 0
7 5 .5 0

$
$
6 8 .0 0 - 8 3 .5 0
7 2 .0 0 - 8 3 .5 0
6 7 .5 0 - 83 .5 0
7 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
6 0 .0 0 - 71 .0 0
6 5 .5 0 - 7 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 - 8 6 .0 0

TYPISTS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES45
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRAOE --------e '
FINANCE3____________
SERVICES

3 ,6 9 8
816
2,8 8 2
122
249
275
1,9 3 7
299

3 8 .0
3 9.0
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0
70 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
63 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6 3 .0 0
6 9 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
6 1 .0 0
5 9 .5 0
6 6 .0 0

5 7 .5 0 6 3 .5 0 5 6 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 6 6 .0 0 5 5 .0 0 5 5 .5 0 6 2 .0 0 -

6 9 .5 0
7 7 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

-

2
-

2
-

2

-

10
468
8
460
-

66
390
4

-

-

18
40
~

27
64
25

251
42
209
2
6
114
73

892
87
805
42
11
66
651
35

835
157
678
17
37
32
495
97

647
197
450
15
63
29
259
84

-

15
69

2

-

I
8
25

1

1

—

-

l
1

1
1

—

—

3

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each jo b by totaling the earnings of all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w o rk e rs. The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half re ce ive le ss than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w ork ers earn le ss than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
3 Finance, insurance, and real estate.
4 Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
5 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




10
Table A-2.

P rofession al and Technical O ccupations—M en and W o m e n

(A verage straight-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., O ctober 1964)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e w eekly earnings! Of--$

1
60

M ean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

i1

80

85

90

95

100

105

S
no

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_

3
2
1
1

13
11
2
2

40
33
7
4

35
27
8
7

101
51
50
49

58
28
30
29

141
70
71
70

1
65

$
70

)
75

70

75

i

S

Si

)

ii

(

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

i
1
i
1
180 190

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

over

6
6

8
6
2
2

17
9
8
8

23
15
8
8

93
27
66
66

134
35
99
99

281
38
243
242

202
41
161
138

95
15
oO
74

77
6
71
64

49
9
40
40

24
15
9
2

101
70
31
31

114
70
44
41

100
53
47
47

592
245
347
307

215
77
138
132

142
88
54
24

52
19
33
26

22
6
16
12

9
7
2
-

-

25
18
7
6

119
49
70
60

42
27
15
13

27
23
4

76
30
46
36

73
25
48
48

_

1

_

«

_

5
2
3

9
7
2

and
under
65

and

H
EN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A3------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------iirikiu tiiiir i r run »»/*
f
. .
NUNnAliUrAL I UK1NO

988
210

$
$
&
$
3 9 .5 157 .0 0 1 55.00 1 47.00—168.00
4 0 .0 1 50.50 151 .0 0 1 3 5 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0
t CA CA_A CO
1 .Q
3 9 .5 15 8 .5 0 155 .0 0 1 5 0 .0 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

-

- ,
-

-

-

-

-

_
- .

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

26
22
4
4

85
23
62
57

43
23
20
18

SERVICES -----------------------------------------

741

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B3------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

1 ,464
725
739
636

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 35.00
1 33.00
1 37.00
136.50

1 36.00
1 35.50
1 3 6 .5 0
136.50

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C3------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NGNMANUFACTURING ----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

859
409
450
407

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
102.50
103.50
103.50

1 0 2 .5 0
1 02.50
1 0 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 6 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

5
3
2
-

11
11
-

25
6
19
17

QRAFTSMEN-TRACERS3--------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------SERVICES -----------------------------------------

135
57
78
77

39 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 1.00
7 0 .5 0
7 2 .0 0
71 .5 0

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
73 .5 0

7 0 .5 0 7 0 .0 0 7 1 .5 0 7 1 .0 0 -

7 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
7 6 .5 0

2
1
1
1

21
13
8
8

78
36
42
42

30
5
25
25

3
2
1
1

_
-

-

-

-

l

249
164
85

3 9 .0 1 02.00 10 2 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 02.50 104 .0 0
3 8 .0 1 01.00
9 9 .5 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

5
5

2

-

-

10
1
9

18
8
10

43
33
10

31
17
14

37
24
13

41
38
3

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

2
-

2
-

_

_
— —

-

_

-

—

-

-

_

2
2

_

-

_

WMN
O E
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTEREDI ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

_

_
-

2

29
21
8

9
4
5

9
4
5

1 Standard hours re fle ct the w orkw eek fo r which em ployees r e ce iv e their regular straight-tim e sa laries and the earnings corresp on d to these w eekly hours.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 D escription for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




1
-

1

—

-

—

_

_

11
T ab le A -3 .

O ffice, P ro fe ssio n al, and T ech n ical O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n C om bined

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k l y h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s t u d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s t r y d i v is i o n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)
Average

A verage

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2--------------------------------------------

1 ,3 3 4
113
1,221
62
130
848

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

$
5 7 .5 0
6 6 .0 0
5 6 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
5 3 .5 0
5 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING----------- -----------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ----------------------------------

1 ,2 4 7
528
719
595
96

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 1 .0 0
8 9 .0 0
9 2 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2----------- * -----------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

1 ,1 8 6
566
620
67
147
87
104

3 8 .5
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .0
3 9 .0

8 0 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 9 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
8 5 .0 0

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------- ------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

858
244
614
127
335

3 7 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 8 .5
36 . 0

7 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATORS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO) -----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

122
74

3 7 .5
3 8 .0

6 7 .5 0
6 7 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------------------—
SERVICES ------------------------------------------

945
411
534
43
70
32 7
53

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

7 9 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0
7 5 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------- ; ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

1 ,3 3 6
397
939
56
248
361
58

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

6 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 7 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
6 4 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2 -------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

1 ,2 1 4
225
989
68
84
107
544
186

3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5
3 9 .0

5 8 .5 0
6 0 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
5 8 .5 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0
5 8 .0 0

CFF1CE OCCUPATIONS
336
126
210
14 *

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
MACHINE) ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------------

252
219
167

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

6 5 .5 0
6 3 .0 0
6 0 .5 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

216
116
100

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0

8 7 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 0 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2--------------------------------------------

903
204
699
263
69
334

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 8 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 0 .0 0
7 6 .5 0
6 5 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------RETAIL TRADE---------------------------------FINANCE2----------— -----------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

2 ,2 9 5
650
1 ,6 4 5
405
155
270
594
221

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

9 3 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
8 4 .0 0
9 4 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE -------------RETAIL TRADE -------------------FINANCE2-----------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------

3 ,1 0 4
590
2 ,5 1 4
433
592
612
216

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
37^5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 7 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 4 .5 0
6 9 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

431

7 5 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 0 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
6 1 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 3 .5 0
5 5 .0 0
6 0 .0 0
6 4 .0 0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
FINANCE----------------SERVICES ---------------

363
260
54

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING —
WHOLESALE TRAOE RETAIL TRADE ------FINANCE2----------------SERVICES ---------------

1,1 6 5
182
983
93
197
541
145

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .0
3 8 .0




W eekly
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS $
7 5 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 9 .5 0

68

Number
of
workers

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------WHOLESALE TRADE --------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s at en d o f t a b le .

O ccupation and industry d iv isio n

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average

O ccupation and industry d iv ision

Number
of
workers

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2 -------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

7 ,0 3 6
2 ,8 9 7
4 ,1 3 9
223
563
327
1 ,7 6 8
1 ,2 5 8

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 8 .0

$
9 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 0 8 .0 0
9 4 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2 -------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

2 ,2 7 6
922
1 ,3 5 4
115
254
100
676
209

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

7 6 .5 0
8 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0
9 5 .0 0
7 7.50
7 0 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

1 ,8 1 3
571
1 ,2 4 2
139
102
677
277

3 8 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

8 3 .5 0
8 5 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
8 2 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A4-------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2--------------------------------------------

531
142
389
76
50
86
130

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 8 .0
3 6 .5

8 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0
8 1 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
7 4 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B4------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

260
242
74
100

3 7 .5
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

6 8 .5 0
6 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 2 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

827
355
472
27
184
60
72
129

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .0

7 7 .0 0
7 7 .5 0
7 6 .0 0
77 .5 0
7 7 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
7 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------FINANCE2--------------------------------------------

306
128
178
110

3 8 .5
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5

1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
9 5 .0 0

12
T ab le A -3.

O ffice, P rofe ssion al, and T ech nical O ccu p ation s—M en and W o m e n C om b in ed — C on tinu ed
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass., October 1964)
Average

Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
earnings 1
hours 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS ~ CONTINUED

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

1*633
370
1*263
65
68
523
487

3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .0
3 8 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5
3 7 .5

$
7 6 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
6 5 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

771
171
600
104
61
246

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 7 .0

$
8 3 .5 0 TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------9 1 .0 0
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------8 1 .5 0 (
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------8 0 .5 0 |
WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------8 4 .0 0
RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------8 0 .5 0
FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS C ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------FINANCE---------------------------------

312
82
230
109

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 6 .5

6 9 .0 0
7 5 .5 0
6 7 .0 0
6 9 .0 0

TRANSCRI BING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
GENERAL--------------- -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING-^-------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-----------------WHOLESALE TRADE-------------------FINANCE-----------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------

866
339
527
27
73
348
79

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 7 .0
3 7 .5

7 3 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0
8 1 .5 0
8 2 .5 0
6 9 .5 0
8 1 .0 0

TYPISTS, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —--------------------------PUBLIC U TILIT IE S-------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRAOE ---------------------------------FINANCE2-------------------------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

3 ,7 4 9
844
2 ,9 0 5
135
253
279
1 ,9 3 9
299

3 8 .0
3 9 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 7 .0
3 9 .0

6 4 .0 0
7 0 .0 0
6 2 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
6 8 .5 0
6 3 .5 0
6 0 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTSMEN* CLASS A4-------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

Average

Occupation and industry division

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

992
212
780
743

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B4-------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------SERVICES ------------------------------------------

1 ,4 8 5
728
757
654

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 3 5 .0 0
1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C4-------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

876
426
450
407

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS4----------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------SERVICES ----------------------------------------------------------

139
61
78
77

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

7 1 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
7 2 .0 0
7 1 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

254
169
85

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 2 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0

3 9 .5 1 5 7 .0 0
4 0 .0 1 5 0 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 5 9 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 5 8 .5 0

Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Description for this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




Number
of
woikers

PROFESSIONAL ANC TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

CONTINUED

TADULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B ---------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ---------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------FINANCE1
2--------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

Number
of
woikers

13
T ab le A -4.

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

Num ber o f w ork ers re ce ivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings

O ccupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

%
$
$
S
S
$
S
$
$
(
$
%
S
%
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 •40 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0
M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$
2 .9 2
2 .9 3
2 .8 7
2 .7 6
3 .5 9

$
2 .6 4 2 .6 8 2 .5 8 2 .5 8 2 .7 7 -

ELECTRICIANS* MAINTENANCE ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

932
729
203

3 .1 2
3 .1 2
3 .1 2

3 .2 0
3 .2 0
3 .1 8

ENGINEERS. STATIONARY ------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

300
164
136
27
55

3 .0 2
3 .1 3
2 .9 0
3 .1 5
2 .8 7

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER --------------MANUFACTURING----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

446
264
182

HELPERS* MAINTENANCE TRADES ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------

$
3 .1 7
3 .1 4
3 .5 4
3 .0 7
4 .0 5

_
-

7
7
-

2 . 9 4 - 3 .2 8
2 . 9 7 - 3 .2 8
2 . 8 3 - 3 .4 9

—

-

3 .1 1
3 .1 5
2 .9 2
3 .4 2
3 .1 2

2 .7 3 2 .8 2 2 .5 6 2 .7 5 2 .3 0 -

-

2 .6 3
2 .5 7
2 .7 1

2 .5 7
2 .5 6
2 .8 2

2 . 4 0 - 3 .0 0
2 . 4 1 - 2 .8 2
2 . 2 0 - 3 .2 6

541
338
203
149

2 .5 5
2 .4 8
2 .6 5
2 .7 6

2 .5 5
2 .5 0
2 .6 8
2 .7 8

2 .2 4 2 .2 0 2 .2 8 2 .3 5 -

2 .9 3
2 .9 2
3 .0 3
3 .0 6

11
11
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM ~
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

187
187

3 .0 7
3 .0 7

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

2 . 9 7 - 3 .2 1
2 . 9 7 - 3 .2 1

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------

841
804

3 .11
3.1 0

3 .1 7
3 .1 5

2 . 9 2 - 3 .3 5
2 . 9 2 - 3 .3 4

3 .3 2
3 .3 6
3 .1 7
3 .4 6
3 .1 7

_
-

_
-

3
3
—
1

_
-

l
1
-

18
11
7
2

21
14
7
3

15
8
7
—
-

46
19
27
14
9

29
24
5
l
l

41
18
23
10
11

113
85
28
3
5

93
72
21
5
10

33
18
15
4
3

14
6
8
4
3

-

-

-

1
1

-

11
11

15
13
2

17
14
3

53
38
15

23
17
6

38
17
21

113
89
24

195
161
34

330
290
40

63
18
45

~

-

-

-

-

-

33
19
14

14
14

5
5

13
9
4

17
6
11

54
29
25

65
27
38

43
41
2

20
4
16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

l

6
4
2
l
1

2

-

3

31

2

19
19

6
4
2

_
-

-

11
11
-

19
11
8

38
21
17

4
3
1

13
9
4

78
50
28

50
42
8

13
10
3

35
35

50
38
12

39
30
9

41
41

_
—
“

2
1
1

14
12
2
-

1
1
-

32
18
14
-

45
42
3
-

85
46
39
35

24
14
10
5

33
25
8

47
44
3

40
13
27
25

16
l
15
13

131
110
21
11

39

21

39
39

21
21

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

-

“

1
1

1
1

4
4

2
2

45
45

83
83

45
45

8
8

37
37

23
23

49
49

17
9

145
144

159
158

-

-

3 .3 3

3 .5 4

2 . 9 5 - 3 .6 0

648
69
579
456
102

2 .9 3
3 .0 0
2 .9 2
2 .8 9
3 .11

3 .0 4
2 .9 7
3 .0 6
2 .8 9
3 .2 0

2 .7 1 2 .9 1 2 .6 8 2 .5 3 3 .0 5 -

3 .1 9
3 .1 3
3 .2 0
3 .1 8
3 .2 8

—
-

-

—
*

—
—
-

-

-

—
—
-

-

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

1*269
991
278
122

2 .8 8
2 .8 1
3.1 1
3 .0 9

2 .9 4
2 .7 9
3 .2 1
3 .0 7

2 .4 6 2 .4 3 3 .0 2 3 .0 2 -

3 .2 3
3 .1 9
3 .4 2
3 .2 3

_
"

_
-

1
1
-

2
2
-

1
1
-

12
12
-

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

246
236

2 .9 6
2 .9 6

2 .9 5
2 .9 5

2 . 8 6 - 3 .0 0
2 . 8 8 - 3 .0 0

-

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

OILERS -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------

197
167

2 .4 7
2 .3 9

2 .3 8
2 .3 5

2 . 1 4 - 2 .9 9
2 . 0 8 - 2 .6 4

-

_

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3--------------------------

326
165
161
41

2 .8 0
2 .9 5
2 .6 5
3 .2 2

2 .8 1
2 .9 7
2 .5 9
3 .2 4

2 .5 2 2 .7 4 2 .2 8 3 .0 8 -

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------

468
432

3 .0 9
3 .0 9

3 .1 4
3 .1 4

29

3 .0 5

2 .9 5

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le.




-

1
l

24
24
14

10
7

13
12

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14

*

23
5
18
-

2 . 9 3 - 3 .2 6
2 . 9 3 - 3 .2 6

-

-

-

_

-

_

2 . 8 1 - 3 .4 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
10

20
20
—
20

18
6
12
—
12

-

45
39
6

16
10
6

12
12

_
-

_
-

10
8
2

2
2

13
12
1

-

5
5
~

-

1

-

-

-

_
—
*

-

_
-

*

_

_

_

_

_

—

—
-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

-

_

327
322

36
22

36
28

4
4

3

12

7

—
—

—
—

9
9
5
4

64
64
64

14
5
9
9

22
22
20
~

93
5
88
80
3

56
32
24
16

191
15
176
136
34

111
10
101
53
48

43
2
41
37
4

41
13
28

76
75
1
1

100
99
1
1

143
141
2
2

18
16
2
2

80
73
7
3

75
68
7
6

118
110
8
4

224
144
80
67

256
184
72
20

70
23
47
10

_

-

1

1
1

10
10

16
14

21
20

136
133

28
25

13
13

20
20

31
18
13

_
-

-

_

_

_

—
-

—
-

-

20
11
9
5

1
1
1

_
—
-

_
-

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

-

4
4

22
22

31
31

12
11

11
10

9
9

3
3

9
9

47
23

1
1

3
3
~

7
7
-

9
l
8
~

22
9
13
l

22
4
18
-

13
7
6
-

49
43
6
1

36
18
18
4

69
47
22
10

21
5
16
14

36
24
12
11

-

5
5

-

-

7
7

4
4

19
19

14
14

18
11

122
111

100
95

139
133

27
23

6

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

7

10

4

1

4

3

-

-

over

30
—
30

45
—
45
45

-

9
4
5
—
5

4 .2 0 4 .4 0

l

7

30

MECHANICS* AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE! ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------WHOLESALE TRAOE ---------------------------

3 .1 4
3 .1 6
3 .1 0
3 .4 2

3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 •60 3 .8 0

O
o

$
2 .9 7
2 .9 2
3 .0 4
2 .8 5
3 .4 1

<
*>

*91
286
205
41
95

and
o
o

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3-------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------

Under
and
*
under
1.6 0
1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

9

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

2
2

*

-

14
T ab le A -4.

M aintenance and P o w e rp la n t O ccupations— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u stry d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

Number of w ork ers reoeriving straigh t-tim e hourly earnings o f—

Hourly earnings*
1
$•

O ccupation and industry division

M ean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

$

$

$

i

$

$

S

$

$

t

$

$

$

$

$

1 .6 0

Number
of
workers

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . 50

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 . 60

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

1 .6 0

$
3 .0 3

$
$
2 . 7 6 - 3 .0 9

SHEET—
METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

166
156

3 .0 8
3 .0 9

3 .1 2
3 .1 2

-

-

-

-

-

l

2 . 9 4 - 3 .1 9
2 . 9 5 - 3 .1 9

TOOL ANO DIE MAKERS ----------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

854
849

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 . 0 6 - 3 .5 7
3 . 0 6 - 3 .5 7

1
2
3
4

-

1

2

8

—

~

2

12

5

31

2

2

2

3

9

41

77

26

S
4 .4 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

over

-

1

5

2

3

4

41

74

25

4

-

1

-

_
-

_

11

ll

122

164

191

166

169

11

11

122

164

191

166

169

4
4

1
1

-

3
3

-

~

3
3

3

—

~

3

2
2

o
o

$
2 .9 6

%
4 .2 0

and
*

63

$
4 .0 0

under
1 .7 0

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------

$
3 .8 0

Under
,
j
and

2
2

_

Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition o f te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s e le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Boston, M ass. , O ctober 1964)
Hourly earnings 2

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean3

Number o f w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings <
$
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
S
S
*
S
$
$
$
$
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
1 .2 0 1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0

M edian3

and
under

M iddle range3

and

1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 over
ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER --------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE --------------------------------FINANCE4-------------------------------------------

318
308
60
181

$
1 .5 5
1 .5 4
1 .3 4
1 .6 2

$
1 .5 9
1 .5 9
1 .2 8
1 .6 4

$
1 .3 8 1 .3 9 1 .2 4 1 .5 9 -

$
1 .6 6
1 .6 6
1 .4 1
1 .6 8

57
52
36

ELEVATOR OPERATORS, PASSENGER
I WOMEN!--------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

189
176
118

1 .4 6
1 .45
1 .4 0

1 .4 6
1 .4 5
1 .4 3

1 . 4 1 - 1 .5 4
1 . 4 0 - 1 .5 2
1 . 3 5 - 1 .4 7

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN ----------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

3 ,7 5 9
914
2 ,8 4 5

2.20

1 .7 2

1 .5 7

1 .5 1
2 .1 7
1 .4 5

1 . 3 7 - 2 .1 2
2 . 0 0 - 2 .4 2
1 . 3 2 - 1 .5 9

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

550

2 .3 0

2 .1 8

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

364

2 .0 5

2 .0 9

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b le .




29
29
9
7

11
11
11

19
19
19

24
24
22

605
605

2 . 1 2 - 2 .4 3
1 . 8 0 - 2 .4 1

4
4
2
1

4
4

16
15

-

-

3

15

68
23
45

96
50
46

-

-

10

23

67
67
1
43

118
118

83
83
74

40
40
3

21
10

477
38
439

751
22
729

431
20
411

130
10
120

-

-

11

12

-

38

11

8

3
3

1
1

3
3

-

-

1
l
1

4

-

-

-

122
68
54

59
32
27

331
283
48

119
60
59

94
61
33

127
83
44

115
83
32

50
10
40

108
16
92

16
3
13

-

2

44

10

246

39

32

61

29

10

-

48

24

22

37

21

29

22

54

-

16

2

-

-

112

-

—

—

—

—

-

-

-

-

_

27
27

_

-

-

-

~

33
25
8

3

-

24

-

27

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

15
Table A -5.

C ustodial and M aterial M ovem ent O ccupations— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)

Number of w ork ers receiving straight-tim e hourly earning s of—

Hourly earnings2

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

Number
of
workers

$

1.20

M ean3

M edian3

M iddle range3

S
$
$
S
%
S
$
S
S
$
$
$
*
t
$
S
S
%
$
$
$
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2.00 2 10 2.20 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0
.

and
under
1 .3 0 1 .4 0 1 .5 0 1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0

$
JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES5WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE —
FINANCE4------SERVICES ----JANITORS* PORTERS* AND CLEANERS
( W M I --------------------------------------------O EN
MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
RETAIL TRADE -------FINANCE4-----------------

4*569
1*823
2*746
457
82
504
535
1*168
1 ,5 1 8
129
1*389

68

776

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC UTILITIES5—
WHOLESALE TRADE —
RETAIL TRADE --------SERVICES -----------------

4 ,5 6 3
2 ,0 9 8
2 ,4 6 5
646
675
1 ,0 5 7
62

ORDER FILLERS
MANUFACTURING------NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE -----

2 ,0 5 5
685
1*370
811
527

PACKERS* SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING NONMANUFACTURING
WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE -----------

1 ,3 6 7

866

501
395
82

$
1 .5 5 1 .8 2 1 .4 8 2 .1 1 1 .7 7 1 .5 1 1 .5 7 1 .3 5 -

$
2 .1 4
2 .2 8
1 .9 5
2 .4 3
2 .2 1
1 .9 6
1 .9 2
1 .6 0

1 .5 1 1 .6 9 1 .5 1 1 .3 2 1 .5 2 -

1 .6 1
2 .0 9
1 .5 9
1 .4 6
1 .5 9
2 .6 3
2 .3 9
2 .7 7
2 .9 2
2 .7 4
2 .7 0
2 .4 0

103
27
76

2 .0 5

1 .9 1 1 .8 3 2 .0 9 2 .5 5 2 .1 3 1 .5 9 1 .7 8 -

2 .3 4
2 .2 6
2 .4 3
2 .3 4
2 .9 2

1 .9 7 2 .0 1 1 .9 6 1 .9 2 2 .0 9 -

2 .6 6
2 .3 9
2 .7 8
2 .5 2
2 .9 6

1
1
1
1

1 .7 8 1 .9 0 1 .7 2 1 .7 9 1 .3 8 -

2 .5 4
2 .4 9
2 .7 0
2 .7 2
1 .9 6

18

1.66

2 .2 6
2 .3 0
2 .0 7
2 .4 5
1 .61
1 .6 4

1.86

2*05
1 .7 3
2 .1 9
1 .9 7
1 .8 1
1 .7 4
1 .5 0

$
1 .8 1
2 .0 5
1 .6 4

2.20
1.86
1 .7 2
1 .7 0
1 .4 9

1 .5 9

1 .5 6

1 .5 6
1 .3 9
1 .5 5

1 .5 5
1 .4 0
1 .5 5

2 .2 4

2 .2 9
2 .0 9
2 .5 0
2 .7 2
2 .4 1

1.88 2.01

2.10

2 .3 6
2 .7 2
2 .3 8
2 .1 6

2.02
2.28
2 .1 5
2 .3 5

2.22
2 .5 7
2 .1 7
2 .1 8
2 .1 4
2 .2 6

2.22

282
5
277
-

2

58
-

182

1
0

172
-

23

8

217

141

33

104

375
61
314
-

37
37
240

592
64
528
38
4
73
127
286

33

12

-

73
24
49

225
99
126

111

182
71

119
63
56

224
190
34

-

-

65

41

1
1

-

-

-

18

10
8

6

48
38

1
0
10

50
27
23

-

-

-

40
84
-

19
83

39

14
18
-

47
13
34
32

2
8
8

-

-

17

5

52
18

89
43

8
122
61
61
36

22

158
128
30

20
1
0

83
4
79
60
16

135
81
54
36
17

72
31
41
28
13

44

1
0

615
229
386

2 .3 8
2 .5 2
2 .2 9
2 .1 4
2 .3 3

2 .0 3 2 .1 3 1 .9 7 2 .0 1 1 .9 6 -

2 .6 4
2 .6 6
2 .6 2
2 .6 3
2 .6 1

4
-

-

-

11

4

-

-

1
-

4

1

3

53

-

22

3

31

3

-

-

-

-

2

31

3

27

30

13

9
5
4

-

13

24

-

79
31
48
29
15

47

34
25
9
5

60
23
32

2

-

-

-

11

3

1

27

27

39

66
2

29
25

41

30

230
141
89
3
18

45
36

2
2
1
0

3

31

2
1
2

29
16

1
0

3

1
1

2
1

19
3

1

5
14

48
9
39

68

-

6

91
18
73
59
4

87
31
56
56
-

127

8
8

39
14
4

2
1

18
14
4
3

1

129
78
51
—

1

-

—

—
-

-

-

-

50

—
-

421

276

250

51
-

-

-

-

238
150

51
40
7
4

17

52

-

-

—

6

114
96
18
5
4

2
2
22

77
9

6

245
186
59
28

16

7

14
13

11

86
1

89

70
4
5

22

1
2
1
1

16
13

-

101

58
9

14

4
4
-

377
197
180

307
206

187
158
29

43
31

1
2

-

6

8
8

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0

68

3

SHIPPING A O RECEIVING CLERKS
N
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------WHOLESALE TRADE ----------------RETAIL TRADE ------------




41
51

4

3

56
16
40
18
19

1
1
6
2

-

-

10
13
10

4

1
2
1
1
1
1
1

-

-

-

1
2
1
1
1
1

-

1
2

2 .6 4
2 .6 8
2 .6 1
2 .5 9
2 .9 1

-

3

239
133
106

51
15
36
26

2 .1 1 2. 1 2 2 .0 8 2 .2 8 1 .7 6 -

-

20

334
301
33

2

33
16
17

2 .4 2
2 .4 3
2 .3 9
2 .5 1
1 .9 5

-

1

-

32
15
17
16

2 .3 8
2 .3 9
2 .3 6
2 .4 4

_

6

58
57

59
36
23

48
44
4

6

31
16
15

585
336
249
144

1

20
34
20
1
1

7
94
64
28

3
3

113
31

17

SHIPPING CLERKS MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRAOE
RETAIL TRADE ------

-

-

64

2
2
11
0
35

ll
16

8

24

2 .6 1
2 .5 7
2 .6 4
2 .5 5
2 .6 3

1
2
1
1
1
1

54

-

1
2
4
1
1

249
81
168
126

8
20
6
8

-

20
1
0

2. 0 0 1 .9 7 2 .0 2 1 .9 6 1 .9 8 -

1
1

82
17
65
44
16

191
152
39

446
392
54

31
23

2 .3 1
2 .5 4
2 .2 8
2 .1 4
2 .2 6

-

49
14
35
4
31

9

6
3
1

290
137
153
l

256
224

2 .2 9
2 .2 5
2 .3 1
2 .2 3
2 .2 9

-

6
1

323
160
163
24
24
43
55
17

118
39

734
318
416
172
156

-

1
1

206

-

RECEIVING CLERKS
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRAOE ------

15
15

217

62
17
45
40

1 . 5 2 - 1 .7 8
1 . 6 0 - 1 .9 4

S ee fo o t n o t e s at end of ta b le.

51

-

1.66

11
0

101

62

-

1 .6 9
1 .7 4

262

322
15
16
95
57
139

615

-

848

738
498

2 .3 1
2 .3 8
2 .2 6
2 .2 7
2 .2 5

4
45

212
1
1

126
ll
115
31
34

1
2
92
22

PACKERS* SHIPPING (WOMEN)
MANUFACTURING -----------------

86 2.20

212

25

-

848

534

292
80

2.00 2.10 2.20

61
7

393
203
190

1
0
86

87
7

226
113
113
98
7
137
136
l

-

-

5

“

1
1

26
26

ll

1
2

35

62
40

2
2

231

10
0

131
29
47
48
7
214
78
136
131

2

138
97

41
39

2
2
2
2
2
40
37
3

2
1

4

4

31

16

42

58

72

15

34

60

27
24

24

1

55
26
29
4
24

20

l
33
13

20
-

19

1
2
6
6

5
5

471
148
323
240
56
19

8
100
1
0

104
31
73
-

16
57
-

-

90
84
-

98
3
95
40
55

I ll
27
84
84
-

102
81
2
1
2
1

59
27
32
32

201

74
29
45
33

11
1
41
70

85
116
116

69

46

35
24

47

24
24

22

2
2

-

-

70
26

15

44
-

138
57
81

43

11

70

24
24
-

-

-

-

315

1
1
1
1
-

27

3

44

317

27
16
4

9

1
1

-

6
3
3

4

-

-

3

1
1
4
7
4

1

87
-

315

9

6
-

8

6
6

1
2

-

3

6

27

1
2
1
1
2

86 120
156
2
1 154
1

335
172
152

31
30
l
_

2

l

1

-

20
5
15
4

1
1
27
5

17

52

1
2

51

-

5
-

1

-

-

-

_
-

10
2
8
8

7
7
-

-

8
8
8

-

26
14

1
2
1
2
1
0
1
0

-

1

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

3
3

-

_

1

-

2
22

-

-

-

_

19
19

-

_
_

-

4

-

-

_

13

_

-

1

7
-

-

2
2
2

22
4

18

8
1

2

-

17
5

1
2
11

-

-

16
T able A -5.

C ustodial and M aterial M o vem ent O ccupations— C ontinued

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

%
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
%
$
$
$
$
S
S
$
%
*
S
$
$
$
$
1.20 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2 •00 2. 10 2.20 2 .30 2.40 2.50 2.60 2 .70 2.80 2.90 3. 00 3.10 3.20 3.30 3.40

Number
O ccup ation1 and industry division

workers

Mean3

Median3

Middle range3

and
under

and

1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 1.70 1.80 1.90 2.00 2 .10 2.20 2.30 2 .40 2.50 2.60 2.70 2 .80 2.90 3.00 3.10 3,20 3.30 3.40

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

3,752
788
2,964
1,424
918
484
127

$
2.80
2.71
2.82
2.99
2.77
2.63
2.16

$
3.00
2.62
3.02
3.04
2.85
2.61
2.24

$
2.542.252.623.012.542.422.05-

$
3.08
3.30
3.08
3.07
3.15
3.05
2.31

—
—
~

20
20
11
9
“

22
11
ll
11
~

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
I— 1/2 T O N S I -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------S E R V I C E S ---------------------------

485
240
245
94
64

2.28
2.50
2.07
1.86
2.05

2.21
2.29
2.09
1.84
2.05

2.032.141.811.541.88-

2.54
3.05
2.35
2.27
2.27

_
~

11
11
11

22
11
11
11

T R U C K D R I V E R S , M E D I U M (1-1 / 2 T O
ANO I N C L U D I N G A TO N S ) ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

1,151
299
852
297
279

2.67
2.77
2.63
2.60
2.44

2.61
2.87
2.60
2.57
2.48

2.442.292.462.522.41-

3.03
3.33
3.00
2.83
2.63

_
-

T R U C K O R I V E R S , H E A V Y I O V E R 4 TONS,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5---------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------

1,343
106
1,237
678
422

3.03
2.77
3.05
3.02
3.09

3.06
2.92
3.07
3.05
3.16

3.012.643.023.032.89-

3.13
2.96

T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y ( O V E R 4 TONS,
O T H E R T H A N T R A I L E R T Y PE) --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5----------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E ------------------

516
69
447
323
97

2.88
2.49
2.94
3.03
2.72

3.03
2.30
3.04
3.05
2.81

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E -----------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------

772
442
330
142
125

2.54
2.46
2.64
2.57
2.88

2.48
2.41
2.65
2.58
2.94

TRUCKD R I V E R S 6 ---------------------------

4
4
4

34
11
23
l
16
6
“

42
1
41
1
15
3
21

22
16
6
4
-

~

16
16
4
12
-

4
4
4

13
13
4

20
20
16
~

29
29
4
21

3
3
3

14
ll
3
3

13
1
12
ll
~

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

~

-

-

-

“

-

-

~

9
9
9

—

_
-

_
-

-

3.08
3.23

~

-

2.802.252.893.032.54-

3.07
2.68
3.07
3.08
2.87

-

2.322.272.452.442.91-

2.86
2.72
2.93
2.81
2.97

_

_

-

-

_
-

~

_
-

-

-

1
2
3
4
5
6

138
133

2.45
2.44

2.49
2.49

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( O T H E R T HAN
F O R K L I F T ) ------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------

"

'

'

_
-

'

2.08- 2.81
2.07- 2.75

Data lim ited to men w ork ers except w here otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, holidays, and late shifts.
F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Finance, insurance, and real estate.
Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all d rive rs re gard less of size and type of truck operated.




86
65
21
4
14
2

184
109
75
13
10
51

96
14
82
6
32
32
12

220
62
158
24
114
15

2 72
53
219
4
188
23
4

173
43
130
30
99
“

34
6
28
13
14
1

6
6
4
~

63
30
33
8
21

72
55
17
4
l

44
27
17
8
8

49
5
44
20
10

23
19
4

23
17
6

28
6
22

_
-

1
1

~

16
16
-

14
10
4
-

~

24
13
ll
11

?

86
28
58
5
10

41
9
32
8
22

160
33
127
20
105

185
15
170
149
20

78
2
76
76

16
1
15
14

-

_
-

_
-

12
12

_
-

-

-

“

“

“

29
6
23
-

3
3
~

20
20
-

5
1
4
4

43
4
39
39

38
15
23
-

40
22
18
10

162
94
68
22
5

59
27
32
28
~

6
6

151
151
“

48
48
-

—
-

50
50
-

_
—
-

_

-

-

-

“

36
36
-

1
1
-

8
l
7

2
1
1

122
12 2
-

-

-

-

1

_

-

6

-

6
4
84
62
22
16

36
-

36
24
12

180
1
179
22
157
-

2
2

20
20
-

5
5

133
16
117
104
4

9
7
2
“

240
32
208
~

5
5
-

5
5
~

100
100
-

18
5
13
13

105
105
—
105

61
58
3
—
3

711
5
706
678
7

149
149
149

235
—
235
—
145

_
-

-

50
10
40
40

2
2
-

312
1
311
311
-

13
1
12
12
~

10
10
10

1
1
-

85
55
30
30

145
43
102

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

10
2
8
8

-

-

-

'

_

-

-

75 1283
65
58
10 1225
4 1197
7
3
3
21

"

'

■

4
4

1
1

18
12
6
4
“
*

~

6
6

22
22

.

2
2

12
10

17
17

16
16

15
15

1
1

—
-

~
_
- '
~

_
-

-

102

'

6
6

269
5
264
155
109
“
“

3

5

_

-

434
26
408
155
249
4

87
43
44
4
8
ll
21

over

12
12

18
15

_

17

B. Establishment Practices and Supplementary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f esta b lis h m e n ts studied in all in d u s trie s and in in du stry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tra n ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s , B o sto n , M a s s . , O cto b e r 1964)
In e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists
M anufacturin g
M in im um w e e k ly s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r y 1

A ll
in d u st r ie s

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c le r i c a l w o r k e r s 2
N onm anuf actur ing

M anufacturin g
A ll
in d u st r ie s

B a se d on stand ard w e e k ly h ours 3 o f
A ll
sch ed­
u le s

37 Vz

40

A ll
sched­
u le s

36 y4

37V2

40

N onm anuf actur ing

B asedl on standlard w eek ly h ou rs 3 o f—
A ll
sched­
u le s

37 y2

40

A ll
sch ed­
u le s

36 y4

37 y2

40

E sta b lish m en ts stu died___________________

287

91

x xx

xxx

196

xxx

xxx

xxx

287

91

x xx

xxx

196

x xx

x xx

xxx

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d
m in im u m _________________________________

152

56

13

37

96

11

17

44

160

57

13

38

103

12

20

45

1
4
27
13
32
13
26
7
7
8
2
3
2
2
1
2
2

_
4
3
14
9
13
3
3
3
1
2
1
-

_
2
1
4
2
2
2
_
.
_
_
-

1
4
23
10
18
4
13
4
4
5
1
3
_
2
_
1
1
2

6
1
2
1
1
_
_
_
_

1
1
6
2
4
1
1
_
1
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
_
2
1
7
6
11
2
2
3
1
_
2
_
_
1
-

2
5
37
9
16
3
9
5
3
5
_
3
_
1
1
_
1
1
2

1
1
8
3
5
_
1
_
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
1
4
4
13
8
14
4
2
3
1
_
2
_
1
-

.
_
7
1
2
_
_
1
1
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
5
3
5
3
10
2
1
5
1
3
_
2
_
1
1
2

2
6
41
13
29
11
23
9
5
8
1
3
2
1
1
1
2
2

_
1
1
1
5
1
2
2
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_

-

_
2
1
8
5
10
1
3
3
1
2
1
-

-

-

_
10
3
5
3
6
3
1
5
_
3
_
1
1
1
1
2

E sta b lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d
m in im u m _________________________________

72

23

x xx

x xx

49

xxx

x xx

xxx

84

27

x xx

xx x

57

xxx

xxx

xxx

E sta b lish m en ts w h ich did not e m p lo y
w o r k e r s in this c a t e g o r y ________________

63

12

x xx

xxx

51

xxx

xxx

x xx

43

7

xxx

x xx

36

xxx

xxx

xxx

$45. 00
$ 4 7 .5 0
$50. 00
$ 5 2 .5 0
$55. 00
$ 5 7 .5 0
$60. 00
$62. 50
$65. 00
$67. 50
$70. 00
$7 2. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 7 7 .5 0
$80. 00
$82. 50
$85. 00
$87. 50
$90. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

u n d er
under
under
under
under
under
u nd er
under
under
under
under
u nd er
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$47. 50______________
$ 5 0 .0 0 ______________
$52. 50______________
$ 5 5 .0 0 ______________
$57. 50_____________ _
$ 6 0 .0 0
$62. 50______________
$65. 00______________
$67. 50______________
$70. 00______________
$72. 50______________
$75. 00______________
$77. 50______________
$ 8 0 .0 0 ______________
$82. 50______________
$85. 00______________
$87. 50______________
$90. 00______________

_

_

T h e se s a la r ie s r e la te to f o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m startin g (h irin g) re g u la r s tr a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that are paid fo r standard w o rk w e e k s .
E x clu d es w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
D ata are p r e s e n te d fo r all standard w o rk w e e k s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w e e k s r e p o r te d .




18




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S h ift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y type and am ou n t o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
B o s to n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts havin g f o r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
s h ift w o rk

S econ d sh ift

81.7

6 9 .4

10.9

3.0

W ith s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------------

80.7

69 .4

10.8

3.0

U n ifo rm c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ------------------------------

39.3

29.2

5.2

1.6

5 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------6 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------7 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------7 V2 c e n ts _ ------------------------------------------------8 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------9 c e n t s ---------------------------------------------------------10 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------H V 2 c e n t s __________________________________
12 c e n t s ______________________ ________ —
17. l/-> rstit-R.
........
13 c e n t s __ _______________________ —
14 c e n t s -------------------------------------------------------15 c e n t s ______________________________ ____
17 c e n t s ________________ __________________
19 c e n t s _________________ _________________
25 c e n t s ________________________ ____________
27 c e n t s ------------------------------------------------- ------

7.2
2.3
1.3
1.0
2.9
1.0
15.9
.8
2.3
3.0
1.7
-

1.1
4 .0
1.0
.6
8.0
.4
.7
2. 2
1.1
6.1
2.3
.9
.9

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e __________________________

30.6

33.9

4 .4

1 .0

5 p e r c e n t -----------------------------------------------------7 p e r c e n t ___________________________________
7 V2 p e r c e n t — _____________________________
10 p e r c e n t --------------------------------------------------12V2 p e r c e n t ______________________________
15 p e r c e n t
- _____________________________

3.4
1.8
.9
23.3
1.1
-

1 .0
2.6
24.7
.9
4.7

.4
.4
.2
3.3
.2
"

_
.1
.5
( 2)
.4

F u ll d a y 's pay f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s -----------------

1.0

O th er f o r m a l pay d i f f e r e n t i a l ----------------------

3 9 .8

W ith no s h ift pay d i f f e r e n t i a l -----------------------------

_

1.0

3 6 .3

1.2
.4
.3
.1
1.8
( 2)
.5
.3
.4
-

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

_

( 13
2)
.1
.1
( 2)
.6
( 2)
( 2)
.1
.2
.1
.4
( 2)

-

-

-

1.3

.4

(2)
'

1 In clu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g la te s h ifts
e v e n though th e y w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g late s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
3 In clu d e s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r d iffe r e n t ia ls w h ich v a r y b y la b o r g r a d e , and a c o m b in a tio n o f p e r c e n t a g e p lu s c e n t s - p e r - h o u r
d iffe r e n t ia l.

19

T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u le d W e e k ly H o u rs

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
W eek ly h o u rs

10 0

U nder 35 h o u r s ___________________________________
35 h o u r s ___________________________________________
O v er 35 and under 36V4 h o u r s — _______________
3 6 V h o u r s ___ _ — ______
4
__ ____________
O v er 36V4 and under 37 l/ 2 h o u r s ____ — ___ „
37V2 h o u r s __
__ ______________________ — __
O ver 37V2 and under 38 h o u r s __ ____________
38 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------O ver 38 and under 382 h o u r s ---------------------------/3
382 h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------/3
383 h o u r s ________________________________________
/4
O v er 383 and under 40 h o u r s __________________
/4
39V2 h o u r s _______________ _______________________
O ver 40 and under 44 h o u r s _____________________
44 and under 48 h o u r s ___________________________
48 h o u r s ----------------------------------------------------------------O v er 48 h o u r s --------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4

All
Industries

1
12
2
7
4
27
1
4
1
1
5
(4)
35
-

(4)
(4)

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 1
2

100

100

100

100

3
1
3
25
-

12
3
6
27
3
1
3
10
5
3
27

(4)
11
(4)
23
1
5
61

( 4)
1
45
-

-

54

10
55

100

100

100

2
16
4
17
9
30
10
1
5
6

20
3
7
12
8
50

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-<

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

T ra n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u tilit ie s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
Inclu des data fo r r e a l estate in a dd ition to th ose in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.




Services

All ,
industries

-

1
3
_
1
6
1
1
2
( 4)
(4)
75
2
3
3
1

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

5
7
82

-

1

3
_
5
8
6
2
10
2
45
8
1
8
3

-

4
2

-

-

96

92
1
6

-

2
2

-

1

10
4
-

1
79
-

3
2

20

T a b le B -4.

P a id H o lid a y s

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s a n d in i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v id e d a n n u a lly , B o s t o n , M a s s ., O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
Item

A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p rovid in g
paid h olid a y s _ --------------------------------------------------W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts provid in g
no paid h o l id a y s ________________________________

All
industries

PLANT WORKERS

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

100

100

100

100

100

99

Services

Ali
,
industries 3

100

100

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities 1

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

'98

100

99

98

100

100

100

94

89

(4)

-

-

-

2

-

1

2

-

-

-

6

11

(4)
1
(4)
2
7
2
(4)
(4)
11
2
1
21
3
1
37
10
(4)
1
(4)
1

(4 )
4
6
4
1
23
4
3
17
6
3
28
1
1
(4)
-

1
3
4
9
54
(4)
30
-

1
6
6
7
43
35
3
-

8
4
41
22
(4 )
21
(4)
3
-

_
2
_
13
4
53
24
2
2
-

_
1
15
(4)
14
_
24
1
39
6

4
4
(4 )
1
6
1
22
1
1
_
15
2
1
24
3
1
10
1
(4)

1
3
2
7
1
23
2
_
18
5
2
19
5
2
9
1
•-

2
2
23
3
_

4
1
2
6
5

19
10
_
2
12
-

_
11
_
_
38
2
21
-

_
3
_

7
8
1
36
_
_
_
12
_

_
24
_

43
29
6
-

31
-

8
3
12
(4)

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
2
4
4
28
81
85
98
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

6
6
6
6
6
45
46
70
70
84
84
99

_
21
22
60
60
71
71
74
74
96
96
98
98
98
98
100
100
100

_
6
35
35
78
78
81
86
92
92
95
96
96
96
100
100
100
100
100

.
31
31
42
42
78
78
80
80
88
90
90
90
90
91
94

(4 )
(4)
(4 )

N um ber o f days
L e s s than 6 h o l id a y s _____________________________
6 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------------6 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------6 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ---------------------------------7 h o l id a y s --------------------------------------------------------------7 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf day__ ____________________
8 h o lid a y s --------------------------------------------------------------8 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ________________________
8 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s --------------------------------8 h olid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s ______________________
9 h o l id a y s -------------------------------------------- --------------9 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y -----------------------------------9 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s ______________________
10 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
10 h olid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ---------------------------------10 h o lid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
11 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y --------------------------------11 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf d a y s _____________________
11 h o lid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s -------------------------------12 h o lid a y s ________________________________________
12 h olid a y s plus 3 h a lf d a y s _____________________
13 h o lid a y s plus 1 h a lf d a y ______________________
14 h olid a y s and o v e r _____________________________

0

(4 )

_

_

_

_

_

T ota l h o lid a y tim e 5
14 days o r m o r e ..
. _______ . . .
13V2 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------- —
12V2 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------12 days o r m o r e — ---------------------------------- --------IIV 2 d ays o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------11 d ays o r m o r e ---------------------------------------------------IOV2 days o r m o r e _______________________________
10 days o r m o r e __________________________________
9 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------9 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------8 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------8 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------7 V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------7 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------6V2 days o r m o r e -------------------------------------------------6 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------5 days o r m o r e -----------------------------------------------------4 V2 days o r m o r e ------------------------------------------------4 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------3 days o r m o r e ----------------------------------------------------2 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
1 day o r m o r e --------------------------------------------------------

1
2
3
4
5
no h alf

(4)
1
2
3
12
50
53
75
77
88
90
97
97

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

n
(4)
2
2
33
39
58
62
86
90
96
96
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

30
30
84
84
93
93
97
97

99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
37
37
80
80
87
93
99

99
99
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100

3
3
4
4
24
24
46
46
87
87
91
91
98
98
98
98
98
98
98

99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99
99

(!>
(4)
(4)
(4)
1
12
15
39
42
58
59
81
82
89
89
94
94
94
96
96
97
98

1
12
17
38
42
61
63
86
87
96
96

99
99
99
100
100
100
100

n

(4)
13
15
23
23
47
47
59
59
61
61
71
71
71
85
85
87
89

T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r public u tilitie s .
F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
In clu des data fo r r e a l esta te in a d d ition to those in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.
A ll co m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the sam e am ount a r e co m b in e d ; fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose w ith 7 fu ll days and
d a y s , 6 fu ll days and 2 h a lf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a y s , and so on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




21

T a b le B -5.

P a id V a c a t io n s 1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e a n d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

A ll w o r k e r s ___

_________________________________

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities C

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finanoe 3

Sendees

All
industries 4

Manufacturing

Public ,
utilities2

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
99
(3)
-

100
99
1
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

99
89
11
-

100
83
17
-

100
94
6
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

93
81
12
-

-

"

■

"

1

~

■

"

-

7

_
26
11
38

5
45
14
12

4
55
4
-

6
28
9
51

21
25
2
4

35
19
1

_
24
10
34

12
43
8
3

7
41
-

9
12
11
3

_
13
3
84
-

_
6
93
(5)

21
79
-

M ethod o f paym en t
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
paid v a c a t io n s _______________________ ___________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t ---------------------------------P e r c e n t a g e p a ym en t____________ _____________
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t_____________________________
O th e r ____________________________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no p aid v a c a t io n s ________________________________

"

~

4
43
9
30

4
63
7
12

_
6
(5)
89
1
5

5
91
2
2

2
1
88
3
6

3
91
3
2

1
(5)
88
4
7

(5)
1
92
4
2

96
1

1
(5)
88
4
7
(5 )

(5)
1
90
4
4

96
1

A m ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6

A fte r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ___ __
1 w eek
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s ___________________ — ___________________

(5 )
42
15
32

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w e e k ______________________________________
1 w e e k _______________________________ „_____________
O ver 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________ _____ _________
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s __________________ ____
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________

-

_

-

_

_

91
9

8
80
5
6

(5 )
60
2
35
1
1

_
74
4
21
1

_
23
1
72
-

_
26
71
3
“

_
52
48
-

2
63
22
6
(5 )

_
85
2
13

2
75
17
6

34
11
52
2
1

50
21
26
2
1

26
72
2

14
(5)
82
3
~

10
90
-

24
2
61
6
(5 )

_
85
2
13

2

9
11
76
2
1

10
21
66
2
1

10
85
5

3

64
17
16

3
91
3
-

2
98
-

20
2
64
6
(5 )

9
11
76
2
2

10
21
64
2
3

7
88
5

2
98
-

20
64
8
(5)

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s _____ __ _________ _______________________ ___
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w eek s _
______ ___
___ _
3 w e e k s __
____________________________________ _

3
11
86
_

2
97
(5)

-

_
100
-

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 uroclr
O v er 1 and u n d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w e e k s __ ______
___ __
_____ ___________
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ____
_________ ___
3 w e e k s ____ __ _______ __________________ ____

3

2
94
4
-

_
100
-

2
94
4
-

_
100

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __________________________________________
O v er 1 and un d er 2 w e e k s ________________________
2 w eek s __ __ ----------- -------------------— —
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s _____ __ „ _
__ _
3 w e e k s _____ „
______ _________________ ____
O v er 4 w e e k s ___ __ ________________________ _ _

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




3

-

-

_
85
2
13

2
64
17
13
3

3
3
91
3
-

22

T a b le B -5.

P aid V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r i e s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

Public ,
utilities c

W
holesale
trade

97
_
3
-

2
90
(5 )
7
-

-

29
3
65
1
2

Manufacturing

PLANT WORKERS
Retail trade

Finance 3

45
8
47
-

-

57
_
43
-

_
18
_
82
_
_

2
45
(5)
49
3
1

_
21
_
45
34

_
19
8
70
1
2

_
16
_
84
_

2
37
1
56
3
1

_
21
45
34

_
8

_
3
97
-

2
17
76
1
4
"

_
5
52
44
-

_
8

_
3

2
17

_
5

_
2

-

-

-

-

-

58

63

Services

All 4
industries

Manufacturing

Public 2
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

3
93
3
1
-

2
59
39
-

-

-

3
80
6
3
-

Sendees

A m ount o f v a ca tio n pav 6— Continued

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
4 w eek s
_
_
O ver 4 w e e k s ______________________________________

(5)
65
6
29
-

81
5
14
-

(5)

1
52
17
27
3

1
81
3
14
(5)

1
86
5
8
-

95
3
2
-

_
8
10
83
_

1
27
2
59
3
5
3

1
32
6
51
(5)
8

1
38
10
49
2

_
25
_
73
_
2

3
34
6
57
1

2
16
_
52
_
31

3
48
3
36
3
_

_
8
10
83
_

1
26
2
59
3
5
3

1
23
9
58
(5 )
8

1
25
16
57
2

_
14
84
2

3
14
6
75
1

2
16
_
52
31

3
42
3
42
3
_

_
2
95
3
(5 )

1
7
2
79
3
5
3

1
15
(5 )
69
1
13
-

1
16
78
1
4
~

98
2
-

3
5
89
1
1
-

2
13
38
47
-

3
27
3
56
3
-

1
7
2
58
3
26
3

1
14
(5)
45
1
38
(5)

1
15

-

3
5

2
13

-

-

-

-

3
27
3
50
3
7

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O ver 4 w eek s
_ _____

(5)
20
5
70
1
4
(5)

_

A fte r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ______________________________________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 3 and und er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eek s
O ver 4 w eek s
___

(5)
16
6
72
1
4
(5)

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w e e k ___________ __________ _____________________
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 3 and un d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 4 w e e k s _______________________________ _____

(5 )
6
(5 )
86
1
6
(5 )

-

87
5
-

-

-

A fte r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek __
______ _______________________________
2 w e e k s _____________________________________________
O v er 2 and un d er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ___________________ _____________ _______
O v e r 3 and u nd er 4 w ee k s _ _____________________
4 w eek s ___________________________________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________

S e e fo o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b le ,




(5 )
5
(5)
59
3
32
(5)

-

-

34

34

50
1
30
1

39
-

56

64
7
27

52
2
30

_

51
-

49

73
1
17
1

17
-

68

23

T a b le B -5.

P aid V a c a tio n s 1— C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e an d p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
V a ca tio n p o lic y

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public ,
utilities 4

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance3

2
15
_
44
1
37
1

_
4
_
22
_
73
-

_
_
_
15
_
82
3

Services

All
industries

M
anufacturing

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

_
_
13
_
87
-

3
4
_
60
1
30
1

2
11
14
_
73
-

Public ,
utilities4

Services

Am ount o f v a c a tio n p a y 6— Continued
A fte r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s _
O ver 2 and un d er 3 w ee k s _
3 w eeks —
O ver 3 and un d er 4 w ee k s
4 w eek s
O ver 4 w eek s _

___

(5)
4
(5)
28
(5)
66
1

1 w eek _
_
____
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O v er 2 and under 3 w ee k s
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and u n d er 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 4 w eek s _

( 5)
4
(5)
27
1
65
2

. . . . . . .

_
6
_
38
(5)
56
-

_

3
_
25
-

73

_

1
6
2
47
3
38
3

1
13
(5)
27
1
56
(5)

1
15
_
28
2
54
-

1
6
2
47
3
38
3

1
13
(5)
27
2
56
1

1
15

_

3
4

2
11

_

_

_

_

3
25
3
53
3
7
-

A fte r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

_

_

6

3

2
15

4

_

_

-

-

-

-

36
2
54
2

25

44
1
37
1

22

15

-

73

_

_

_

_

73

82
3

28
2
53
1

13
_

87

60
1
30
1

14
_

73

3
25
3
53
3
7

1 Inclu des b a s ic plans o n ly . E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a t io n -s a v in g s and th o se plans w h ich o f fe r "e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyon d b a s ic plan s to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f su ch e x c lu s io n s a re plans in the s t e e l, alu m in u m , and can in d u s tr ie s .
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and oth er p u b lic u tilit ie s .
3 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 Inclu des data fo r r e a l esta te in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 Inclu des paym en ts o th er than "le n g th o f t i m e , " su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual ea rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equ ivalen t tim e b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le, a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e re a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t the in divid u al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r e x a m p le , the changes
in p r o p o r tio n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e chan ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s are cu m u la tiv e . T h u s , the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e
after 5 y e a r s in clu d es th o s e w ho r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




24

T a b le B -6.

H ealth , In su ra n ce, an d P e n sio n P la n s

(P e r c e n t o f o f fic e and plant w o r k e r s in all in d u strie s and in in d u stry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts p rov id in g
h ealth, in s u r a n c e , o r p e n sio n b e n e f i t s , 1 B o s to n , M a s s ., O cto b e r 1964)1
6
5
4
3
2
OFFICE WORKERS

T y p e o f b en efit

A ll w o r k e r s ________________________________________

All
industries

Manufacturing

Public
utilities

2

PLANT WORKERS

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

100

100

100

100

100

Finance 3

Services

AU
industries

4

Manufacturing

Public .
utilities 2

Wholesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

98

94

88

85

66

50

64

100

100

W o r k e r s in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g :
L ife i n s u r a n c e _________________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in su ra n ce ____________________________________
S ic k n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce o r
s ic k lea v e o r b o t h 5 __________________________
S ick n e s s and a ccid e n t in s u r a n c e . _______
S ick lea v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d ) ____________________________
S ick le a v e (p a r tia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d ) __________________ _______
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u ra n ce ...
_ ..
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce
_ .
____ ___ _
M e d ica l in su ra n ce
_ .
_
C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e .. ___________ _______
R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n ____________________________
No health , in s u r a n c e , o r p e n s io n plan______

95

95

99

98

83

98

91

93

58

68

82

60

54

46

56

63

66

78

79

89

95

77

92

65

76

93

98

91

81

92

78

39

60

28

40

46

21

47

74

91

36

52

63

58

65

79

78

53

30

65

50

20

7

30

42

35

29

5

1

8

7

44

-

13

5

37

14

26

3

97
97
90
68
89
1

100
100
84
89
78

100
96
89
77
66

74
72
70
27
66

96
96
84
86
96
(6)

90
89
80
39
74
2

96
96
84
42
84

100
100
84
88
84

97
95
86
60
70
3

76
75
74
11
66
2

79
76
69
27
30
11

92
92
82
73
87
( 6)

64
61
49
58
84
2

1 In clu des th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b o r n e b y the e m p lo y e r , e x c e p t th ose le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r it y , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
2 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r pu b lic u t ilitie s .
3 F in a n ce, in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e sta te .
4 Inclu des data fo r r e a l esta te in a dd ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly b e lo w . S ick le a v e plans a re lim ited to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly e s ta b lis h at le a s t the
m in im u m n um ber o f d a y s ' pay that ca n be e x p e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e .
In fo rm a l s ick le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te r m in e d on an in divid u al b a s is a r e ex clu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0.5 p e rce n t.




25

T a b le B -7.

P a id S ic k L e a v e

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a ll i n d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
S ick lea ve p r o v is io n

All
industries

M
anufacturing

PLANT WORKERS

Public ,
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2

Services

A
U ,
industries

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

Public i
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Services

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

Manufacturing

100. 0

100. 0

100. 0

70. 3

79. 7

85. 9

59. 6

74. 1

65. 0

49. 8

33. 1

12. 3

67. 2

56. 3

60. 5

31. 6

2 9 .7

20. 3

14. 1

40. 4

2 5 .9

35. 0

50. 2

66. 9

87. 7

32. 8

4 3 .7

39. 5

68. 4

U n iform plan: 4
No w aiting p e r i o d __________ _________________
F u ll pay * ___________________________________
4 d a y s ________________ _________________
5 days _
__
______ ___ _________
6 d a y s ___________________________________
7 d a y s ____ _____________________________
8 d a y s ___________________________________
10 d a y s __________________________________
12 d a y s __________________________________
15 d a y s __________________________________
20 d a y s __________________________________
22 d a y s _____ ____ ____ _______________
65 d a y s __ ________________ _______________
75 d a y s __________________________________
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l p a y 5 ________________
1 day _
P a r t ia l pay o n l y __________ _______________
W aiting p e r i o d ________________________________
F u ll p a y — ---------------- -------------------P a r t ia l p a y o n l y ----------------------- ---------------

34. 3
33. 2
. 3
3. 6
2. 0
(6)
.7
14. 4
5. 2
.5
2. 5
1. 1
.4
.8
.7
. 2
.4
1. 7
. 1
1. 6

60. 6
59. 2
1. 0
7 .9
1.9
25. 5
8. 8
7. 2
.9
.7
1. 5
-

9. 2
9. 2
1. 4
_
2 .9
4. 7
. 2
-

45. 5
37. 6
9 .4
2. 0
2. 0
13. 6
1. 4
.6
4. 7
2. 5
3. 1
3. 1
4. 8
"

21. 9
21. 4
1. 2
8. 8
. 2
8. 6
2. 6
.6
19. 1
.6
18. 5

16. 8
16. 8
1. 0
_
1. 5
8. 6
1. 5
2. 2
2. 1
-

49- 1
49. 1
( 6)
6 .4
20. 1
17. 2
5. 4
-

14. 7
13. 8
2. 3
1 .4
1. 4
.8
4. 1
2. 3
.4
. 2
. 1
(6)
.8
5. 3
.6
4. 7

5 .9
5. 5
1. 6
. 3
2. 4
- '
.4
1. 2
1. 2

1 1.9
1 1 .9
_
1. 8
3 .6
4 .8
1. 7
_
-

40. 6
35. 5
3. 3
4. 8
6. 7
4. 3
9. 0
1. 5
1. 5
2. 8
.5
4. 6
6. 2
1.4
4. 7

25. 5
23. 8
10. 1
. 1
2. 6
1. 4
7. 7
1.9
1. 8
18. 3
1.6
16. 7

23. 6
23. 6
4. 3
5. 4
10. 3
3. 6
_
_
-

G raduated p la n 4— A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e :
No w aiting p e r i o d _____________________________
F u ll pay * ___________________________________
5 d a y s ___________________________________
6 d a y s ____________ ____________________
10 d a y s .._________ __ ______ _____________
15 d a y s .__ ___ _______ _______ _______ ____
20 d a y s __________________________________
30 days __________________ ___________
65 d a y s . ____ _________________________
5 d ays plu s 5 d a y s p e r d is a b ilit y _____
F u ll pay plus p a r t ia l p a y 5 . . ------------------5 d a y s ___________
________ ___ _____
10 d a y s _________ ___________ _______ _____ 15 d a y s ..__ ____________________________
20 d a y s _______ ___________ ____ ___ ______
30 d a ys . . _____________________________
50 d a y s . ____ ___ ___ ___
— — —
P a r t ia l pay o n l y ___________________________
W aiting p e r i o d __________ ______________________
F u ll p a y _____________________________________
F u ll pay plu s p a r t ia l p a y ________________________
P a r t ia l p a y o n l y --------------------- --------------------------------

31. 6
17. 6
5. 8
.6
6. 1
1. 6
1. 0
.2
.7
.4
1 0 .4
1. 3
4. 3
.6
2. 2
.2
1. 2
3. 6
2. 8
2. 0
. 3
. 5

18. 1
12. 2
.8
.4
4. 8
3. 2
2. 3
5. 8
. 3
1. 6
1. 6
-

75. 6
11. 3
2. 4
2. 7
1. 3
5. 0
19.9
10. 8
7. 0
2. 1
44. 5
. 5

12. 3
6 .9
3. 1
.6
3. 2
5. 4
1 .9
3. 6
1. 8

6. 8
4. 3
1. 6
2. 7
2. 6
2. 6
26. 3
22. 8

48. 2
31. 5
13. 5
11. 3
4. 1
16. 7
3 .4
8. 1

.6
.6
.6
-

6. 3
2. 1
1. 2
.6
. 1
-

2. 8
1. 7
-

17. 9
2. 3
1. 1
1. 2
15. 6
9 .9

6. 0
.9
.4
.4
5. 1
3. 0
2. 1
-

10. 1
5. 7
3. 2
2. 5
4. 4
4 .4
-

5. 3
5. 3
5. 3
_
_
_
_
-

-

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g
fo r m a l paid s ic k le a v e _________________________
W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no fo r m a l p aid s ic k le a v e ____________________
T y p e and am ount o f p aid s ic k
le a v e p r o v id e d annually

S e e fo o t n o t e s at en d o f ta b le ,




1. 0
1. 0

-

-

.

-

5

1.

8

3. 5

-

2. 2
3. 0
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(J)

(6)
. 1
3. 7
2. 0
. 1
1. 6
.6
6. 7
1. 0

-

-

1. 7
-

5. 7
-

1. 1

-

-

-

-

2. 5

35. 6

3. 6

6. 5
4. 5

2. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5. 7

2. 5

35. 6

3. 6

2. 0

2. 7

26

T a b le B -7.

P a id S ic k L e a v e — C o n tin u e d

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f o f f i c e and p la n t w o r k e r s in a l l i n d u s t r ie s an d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y f o r m a l s i c k le a v e
p r o v i s i o n s , B o s t o n , M a s s . , O c t o b e r 1964)

OFFICE WORKERS
S ick lea v e p r o v is io n

All
industries

M
anufacturing

Public .
utilities1

PLANT WORKERS

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

Finance 2
3

12. 3
6 .9
3. 1
3. 2
5. 4

31. 3
13. 5
1. 6
11.9
17. 8

48. 2
31. 2
11. 6
9. 6
4. 1
2. 2
1. 7
17. 0
3. 4
5. 2
-

0. 6
.6
.6
-

11. 9
2. 7
.7
.7
.8
.2
( 6)
. 1
7 .9

4. 2
1. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

.4
1. 0

-

3. 6

-

-

-

-

-

4. 4

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

. 9
1. 0

-

-

-

3. 7

-

9. 9
-

4. 2

-

-

1. 7

34. 1

-

-

.

Services

All ,
industries i

M
anufacturing

Public i
utilities

W
holesale
trade

Retail trade

6. 0
.9
_
-

15. 6
6. 5
3. 2
_
3 .4

Services

T y p e and am ount o f paid s ic k le a v e
p r o v id e d annually— Continued

G raduated p la n 4 — A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e :
N o w aiting p e r i o d ---------------------------------------------F u ll p a y 5 ------------------------------------------------------10 d a y s ___________________________________
15 d a y s ___________________________________
20 d a y s ___________________________________
30 d a y s ___________________________________
65 d a y s ___________________________________
70 d a y s ___________________________________
80 d a y s ___________________________________
100 d a y s _________________________________
130 days
_
__
_____ _____
50 days plus 5 days p e r d is a b ilit y _____
F u ll pay plu s p a r t ia l p a y 5 ------------------- —
5 d a y s ____________________________________
20 d a y s ______ ________________ ___________
25 d a y s ______ __________________________
35 d a y s ____________________ ____________
45 d a y s ___________________________________
50 d a y s ___________________________________
55 d a y s ________________________________________________
60 d a y s ________________________ _____________________
65 d a y s ________________________________________________
1 30 d a y s ______________________________________________
P a r t ia l pay o n l y _______________________________________
W aiting p e r i o d ______________________________________________
F u ll pay plus p a r tia l pay __________________________
P a r t ia l pay o n l y _______________________________________

33. 7
18. 9
5. 1
3. 7
1. 0
1. 2
.6
1. 6
.9
1. 1
1. 6
.4
14. 3
1. 3
2. 0
.6
. 2
1. 6
1. 5

18. 1
13.9
.4
2. 3
.4
2. 0
3. 2
2. 3
4. 2

75. 6
13. 4
4. 3
_
2. 1
5. 0
55. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7. 0

-

-

-

-

_

-

2. 6

-

1. 6

-

-

-

-

-

13. 6

10. 8

-

3. 0
. 8

-

-

-

3. 9
1. 2
. 5
. 7
. 5
. 2

2. 2

37. 9

-

-

-

-

2. 9

-

8

-

-

-

-

8

“

12. 7

10. 3

. 9
. 2

-

-

3. 0
1. 6
. 8

-

6. 6

-

1. 0

1. 0

1.

1. 0

1. 0

1.

_

-

-

8
8

“

1.
1.

-

-

51. 9
4. 3
2. 1
1. 2
47. 6

8. 0
8. 0
8. 0
-

-

-

-

.4
5. 1

9. 0

-

. 2
4. 2
(6)
1. 3
1. 3
. 5
. 8

-

-

-

-

2. 5

-

-

-

-

1. 0

3. 4
3. 4

3. 6
3. 6

1. 1

-

-

-

-

1. 0

“

-

1. 1

"

4. 1

1. 0

20. 2

17. 1

9

-

P r o v is io n s fo r accu m u la tion

W o r k e r s in esta b lis h m e n ts have
p r o v is io n s fo r accu m u la tio n
o f unu sed s ic k le a v e ________________________________________

18. 4

10. 5

15. 3

18. 9

6 .4

1 T r a n s p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilitie s .
2 F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l esta te.
3 Inclu des data fo r r e a l e state in addition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s shown se p a r a te ly .
4 "U n ifo r m p la n s " are defin ed as th ose fo r m a l plans under w h ich an e m p lo y e e , after 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e , is en titled to the sa m e n um ber o f d a y s ' paid s ic k lea v e ea ch y e a r . "G rad u ated pla n s"
are d efin ed as th ose fo r m a l plans under w hich an e m p lo y e e 's leave v a r ie s a c c o r d in g to length o f s e r v ic e . P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily ch o s e n . E stim a te s r e fle c t p r o v is io n s ap p lica b le at
the stated length o f s e r v ic e but do not r e fle c t p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n .
T h u s, the p r o p o r t io n r e c e iv in g 15 d a y s ' s ic k le a v e after 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e m ay a ls o r e c e iv e this amount after
g r e a t e r o r l e s s e r lengths o f s e r v ic e .
5 M ay in clu d e p r o v is io n s o th er than th ose p r e s e n te d s e p a r a te ly . N um bers o f days shown under " F u ll pay plus p a r tia l p a y " are days fo r w h ich w o r k e r s r e c e iv e s ic k leave at fu ll pay; w o rk e rs
are en titled to add ition al days o f s ick le a v e at p a r tia l pay.
6 L e s s than 0. 05 p e r c e n t.




A p p e n d ix A .

C h a n g e s in O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

Draftsman. The revised descriptions for draftsman (class A, B,
and C; and draftsman-tracer) replace the previous designations for drafts­
man (leader, senior, and junior; and tracer) and emphasize the distinction
between drafting and design skills. Therefore, if data are presented for
any of these occupations, such data are not comparable to data previously
published. In areas where current employment and earnings information
was collected largely by mail this year and will be collected by a personal
visit by Bureau field economists next year, data for these occupations will
be presented next year.

Since the Bureau's last survey, occupational descriptions for
draftsman -and switchboard operator were revised in order to obtain salary
information for more specific categories.
Switchboard operator* The revised description for switchboard
operator arranges these workers into two defined classes (A and B) instead
of a single category, clarifying the criteria of types of calls handled and
types of information provided. The combination of class A and class B
data, where both are published, is comparable to the single designation,
if previously published.




The revised occupational descriptions are included in appendix B.

27




A p p e n d ix B .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c rip tio n s

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.
OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accolmts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e tc ., which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The ma­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
29

so
CLERK , A C C O U N T IN G --C on tin u ed

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— C ontin ued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, followup orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.
CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.
DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by mail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

31

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR—Continued

STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

of coding skills and die making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and inteiprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical
or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific
research from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also setup and maintain files, keep records, etc.

Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards. Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
e tc ., are referred to supervisor.

OR

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.

Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by
the followings Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accu­
racy; and a thorough woiking knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing
stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining
followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. Does not
include transcribing-machine work.

SECRETARY

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

Performs secretarial and clerical duties for a superior in an ad­
ministrative or executive position. Duties include making appointments
for superior; receiving people coming into office; answering and making
phone calls; handling personal and important or confidential mail, and
writing routine correspondence on own initiative; and taking dictation
(where transcribing machine is not used) either in shorthand or by
Stenotype or similar machine, and transcribing dictation or the recorded
information reproduced on a transcribing machine. May prepare special
reports or memorandums for information of superior.

Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Per­
forms full telephone information service or handles complex calls, such
as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in.addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a
full-time assignment. ("Full” telephone information service occurs when
the establishment has varied functions that are not readily understandable
for telephone information purposes, e. g ., because of overlapping or
interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype
or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other rela­
tively routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool.
Does not include transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine
operator.)




Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone
switchboard handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May
handle routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited
telephone information service. (’’Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily under­
standable for telephone information puiposes, or if the requests are routine,
e . g ., giving extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or
if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

32

SW ITCH BOARD O PERATOR-RECEPTION IST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker’s time while at
switchboard.

TABU LATIN G-M ACH IN E OPERATOR— C ontin ued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and complex reports. Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.
Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc ., with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.
Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.
Class B. Performs one or more of the following; Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e tc .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

33

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN—Continue d

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
MAINTENANCE

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse »who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.
AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




34

ELECTRICIAN , M AINTENANCE

HELPER, M AINTENANCE TRADES— C on tin u ed

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following; Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a woiker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-time basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.
HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

35

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of' an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwrights work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following; Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following:
Laying out of woik and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines;. assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.
PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumbers snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

36

SH EET-M ETAL W ORKER, MAINTENANCE

TOOL AN D DIE M AKER— C on tin u ed

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the followings Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die makers handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming woric. Work in­
CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATE RIA L

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD
Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory woricing areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

37

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers1
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.
PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following;
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to traiisport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers1 houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
e^clufed.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)
Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves? A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, woikers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, woikers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping cleik
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request-----The fifth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1422, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical, and Clerical Pay, February—
March 1964. 40 cents a copy.




Occupational Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Akron, Ohio, June 1964 1________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N. Y. , Mar. 1964 L——_____
Albuquerque, N. Mex. , Apr. 1964 1____________ . . . ____ *
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa. — J. , Feb. 1964 L
N.
Atlanta, Ga. , May 1964
Baltimore, Md. , Nov. 1963______ ___ _____
Beaumont—
Port Arthur, T e x ., May 1964 *.
Birmingham, A la ., Apr. 1964 1
___________
Boise City, Idaho, July 1964 1
______________
Boston, M ass. , Oct. 1964 1
__________ __ _________ ______

1385-80,
1385-52,
1385-61,
1385-53,
1385-73,
1385-24,
1385-70,
1385-63,
1430-1,
1430-16,

25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Buffalo, N. Y. , Dec. 1963_________________________________
Burlington, Vt. , Mar. 1964------------------ ---------------------- ---Canton, Ohio, Apr. 1964 1-----------------------------------------------Charleston, W. Va. , Apr. 1964 1
____________ ____________
Charlotte, N. C. , Apr. 1964 1
____________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn. —
Ga. , Sept. 1964 1 ______________ ____
Chicago, 111., Apr. 19641________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky. , Mar. 1964 1___________ ___________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1964 1______ __________________ ___
Columbus, Ohio, Nov. 1963_____ ________________________

1385-33,
1385-47,
1385-64,
1385-57,
1385-55,
1430-10,
1385-66,
1385-58,
1430-13,
1385-25,

25
20
25
25
25
25
30
25
30
20

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Dallas, Tex. , Nov. 1963____ —___________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, IowaIll. , Oct. 1963____________________________________________
Dayton, Ohio, Jan. 1964 1_________________________________
_______ ___ ________________ ____
Denver, Colo. , Dec. 1963 1
Des Moines, Iowa, Feb. 1964 1___________________________
Detroit, M ich ., J an. 1964______________________________ _
Fort Worth, Tex. , Nov. 1963_____________________________
_______
Green Bay, W is. , Aug. 1964 1_____________ _____—
Greenville, S. C. , May 1964 1_____________________________
Houston, Tex. , June 1964 1_______________________________

1385-15, 25 cents

Area

Bulletin number
and price

Miami, Fla. , Dec. 1963 1_____ ___________________________
Milwaukee, W is. , Apr. 1964____________________ ______ _
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn. , Jan. 1964______ _________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich ., May 1964 1_____ . .
Newark and Jersey City, N. J. , Feb. 1964 1_____________
New Haven, Conn. , Jan. 1964 __________________________
New Orleans, La. , Feb. 1964______ _____________________
New York, N. Y. , Apr. 19641______________ _____________
Norfolk—
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va. , June 1964__ ___________ ____________ _____
Oklahoma City, Okla. , Aug. 1964 1
________„_____________

1385-77, 20 cents
1430-5, 25 cents

Omaha, Nebr. —
Iowa, Oct. 1964___________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N. J. ,May 1964 1
P
___ __ __ ____
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J . , Nov. 19631____________________
Phoenix, A riz. , Mar. 1964 1_____________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa. , Jan. 1964____ ___ _______________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1963 1_______ _______ __ __________
Portland, Or eg. —
Wash. , May 1964 1_________ __________ Providence—
Pawtucket, R. I .— ass. , May 1964_________
M
Raleigh, N. C. , Sept. 1964-________________________________
Richmond, Va. , Nov. 1963 1
________________ ________ _____

1430-17,
1385-62,
1385-31,
1385-54,
1385-38,
1385-22,
1385-67,
1385-65,
1430-6,
1385-23,

25 cents
25 cents
30 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1385-60,
1385-21,
1385-28,
1385-74,

25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
20 cents

1430-8,
1430-12,
1385-36,
1385-69,
1430-2,
1430-9$

20 cents
25 cents
25 cents
25 cents
20 cents
25 cents

1385-29,
1385-56,
1385-39,
1385-71,
1385-49,
1385-37,
1385-42,
1385-72,

25
25
25
25
30
25
25
40

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

1385-12,
1385-40,
1385-34,
1385-44,
1385-43,
1385-19,
1430-3,
1385-68,
1385-81,

20
25
25
25
25
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Rockford, 111. , Apr. 1964 1
_______________________________
St. Louis, Mo.-111. , Oct. 1963___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Dec. 1963___________________ _____
San Antonio, Tex. , June 1964____________ ____„__________
San Bernardino—
Riverside-Ontario, Calif. ,
Sept. 1964_____ ______________________________________- — —
San Diego, Calif. , Sept. 1964 1_______ ____________ _______
San Francisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Jan. 1964 1____________
Savannah, Ga. , May 1964 1
________________________________
Scranton, Pa. , Aug. 1964_________________________________
Seattle, Wash. , Sept. 1964____ ___________________ _____ _

Indianapolis, tnd. , Dec. 1963 1_________ _______________ - 1385-30,
Jackson, M i s s ., Feb. 19641_____________________________ 1385-41,
Jacksonville, Fla. , Jan. 1964 ______ _______ _____ ______ 1385-32,
Kansas City, Mo. —
Kans. , Nov. 1963 1
_____________ ______ 1385-26,
Lawrence—
Haverhill, M a s s .— H. , June 1964
N.
__ _ 1385-76,
Little Rock—
North Little Rock, Ark. , Aug. 1964 1__ « ... 1430-7,
_________ . 1385-59,
Los Angeles—
Long Beach, C a lif., Mar. 1964 1
Louisville, Ky. —
Ind. , Feb. 1964_________________________ 1385-50,
Lubbock, Tex. , June 1964 1
_________ __________________ ___ 1385-75,
Manchester, N. H. , Aug. 1964 1__________________________ 1430-4,
Memphis, T enn., Jan. 1964 1--------- --------------------------------- 1385-35,

25
25
20
25
25
25
30
20
25
25
25

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. , Oct. 1964__________________________ 1430-15, 25 cents
South Bend, Ind. , M ar. 1964 1____________________________ 1385-51, 25 cents
Spokane, Wash. , May 1964___________________ _______ ____ 1385-78, 20 cents
Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 1964_________________________________ 1385-46, 20 cents
Trenton, N. J. , Dec. 1963_______ _____________ „_______ __ 1385-27, 20 cents
Washington, D. C .-M d .-V a . , Oct.1964 1 _________________ 1430-14, 25 cents
Waterbury, Conn. , Mar. 1964 1______ ______________ ____ 1385-48, 25 cents
Waterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1963________ ______ _________ ______ 1385-18, 20 cents
Wichita, Kans. , Sept. 1964 1_____ ___ _____ _______ _____ _ 1430-11, 25 cents
W orcester, M ass. , June 1964 -------„— x ^ ---------------- 1385-79, 25 cents
York, P a ., Feb. 1964 1___________________________________ 1385-45, 25 cents

1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102